'We have no experience in stopping a nuclear war.' - Sidney Drell (no replies)        
'..My greatest concern is the lack of public awareness about this existential threat, the absence of a vigorous public debate about the nuclear-war plans of Russia and the United States, the silent consent to the roughly fifteen thousand nuclear weapons in the world. These machines have been carefully and ingeniously designed to kill us. Complacency increases the odds that, some day, they will. The “Titanic Effect” is a term used by software designers to explain how things can quietly go wrong in a complex technological system: the safer you assume the system to be, the more dangerous it is becoming.'

'The harsh rhetoric on both sides increases the danger of miscalculations and mistakes, as do other factors. Close encounters between the military aircraft of the United States and Russia have become routine, creating the potential for an unintended conflict. Many of the nuclear-weapon systems on both sides are aging and obsolete. The personnel who operate those systems often suffer from poor morale and poor training. None of their senior officers has firsthand experience making decisions during an actual nuclear crisis. And today’s command-and-control systems must contend with threats that barely existed during the Cold War: malware, spyware, worms, bugs, viruses, corrupted firmware, logic bombs, Trojan horses, and all the other modern tools of cyber warfare. The greatest danger is posed not by any technological innovation but by a dilemma that has haunted nuclear strategy since the first detonation of an atomic bomb: How do you prevent a nuclear attack while preserving the ability to launch one?


..the Cuban Missile Crisis, when a series of misperceptions, miscalculations, and command-and-control problems almost started an accidental nuclear war—despite the determination of both John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev to avoid one. In perhaps the most dangerous incident, the captain of a Soviet submarine mistakenly believed that his vessel was under attack by U.S. warships and ordered the firing of a torpedo armed with a nuclear warhead. His order was blocked by a fellow officer. Had the torpedo been fired, the United States would have retaliated with nuclear weapons. At the height of the crisis, while leaving the White House on a beautiful fall evening, McNamara had a strong feeling of dread—and for good reason: “I feared I might never live to see another Saturday night.”


The personnel who command, operate, and maintain the Minuteman III have also become grounds for concern. In 2013, the two-star general in charge of the entire Minuteman force was removed from duty after going on a drunken bender during a visit to Russia, behaving inappropriately with young Russian women, asking repeatedly if he could sing with a Beatles cover band at a Mexican restaurant in Moscow, and insulting his military hosts. The following year, almost a hundred Minuteman launch officers were disciplined for cheating on their proficiency exams. In 2015, three launch officers at Malmstrom Air Force Base, in Montana, were dismissed for using illegal drugs, including ecstasy, cocaine, and amphetamines. That same year, a launch officer at Minot Air Force Base, in North Dakota, was sentenced to twenty-five years in prison for heading a violent street gang, distributing drugs, sexually assaulting a girl under the age of sixteen, and using psilocybin, a powerful hallucinogen. As the job title implies, launch officers are entrusted with the keys for launching intercontinental ballistic missiles.


..A recent memoir, “Uncommon Cause,” written by General George Lee Butler, reveals that the Pentagon was not telling the truth. Butler was the head of the U.S. Strategic Command, responsible for all of America’s nuclear weapons, during the Administration of President George H. W. Bush.

According to Butler and Franklin Miller, a former director of strategic-forces policy at the Pentagon, launch-on-warning was an essential part of the Single Integrated Operational Plan (siop), the nation’s nuclear-war plan. Land-based missiles like the Minuteman III were aimed at some of the most important targets in the Soviet Union, including its anti-aircraft sites. If the Minuteman missiles were destroyed before liftoff, the siop would go awry, and American bombers might be shot down before reaching their targets. In order to prevail in a nuclear war, the siop had become dependent on getting Minuteman missiles off the ground immediately. Butler’s immersion in the details of the nuclear command-and-control system left him dismayed. “With the possible exception of the Soviet nuclear war plan, [the siop] was the single most absurd and irresponsible document I had ever reviewed in my life,” Butler concluded. “We escaped the Cold War without a nuclear holocaust by some combination of skill, luck, and divine intervention, and I suspect the latter in greatest proportion.” The siop called for the destruction of twelve thousand targets within the Soviet Union. Moscow would be struck by four hundred nuclear weapons; Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, by about forty.

After the end of the Cold War, a Russian surprise attack became extremely unlikely. Nevertheless, hundreds of Minuteman III missiles remained on alert. The Cold War strategy endured because, in theory, it deterred a Russian attack on the missiles. McNamara called the policy “insane,” arguing that “there’s no military requirement for it.” George W. Bush, while running for President in 2000, criticized launch-on-warning, citing the “unacceptable risks of accidental or unauthorized launch.” Barack Obama, while running for President in 2008, promised to take Minuteman missiles off alert, warning that policies like launch-on-warning “increase the risk of catastrophic accidents or miscalculation.” Twenty scientists who have won the Nobel Prize, as well as the Union of Concerned Scientists, have expressed strong opposition to retaining a launch-on-warning capability. It has also been opposed by former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of State George Shultz, and former Senator Sam Nunn. And yet the Minuteman III missiles still sit in their silos today, armed with warheads, ready to go.

William J. Perry, who served as Secretary of Defense during the Clinton Administration, not only opposes keeping Minuteman III missiles on alert but advocates getting rid of them entirely. “These missiles are some of the most dangerous weapons in the world,” Perry wrote in the Times, this September. For many reasons, he thinks the risk of a nuclear catastrophe is greater today than it was during the Cold War. While serving as an Under-Secretary of Defense in 1980, Perry also received a late-night call about an impending Soviet attack, a false alarm that still haunts him. “A catastrophic nuclear war could have started by accident.”

Bruce Blair, a former Minuteman launch officer, heads the anti-nuclear group Global Zero, teaches at Princeton University, and campaigns against a launch-on-warning policy. Blair has described the stresses that the warning of a Russian attack would put on America’s command-and-control system. American early-warning satellites would detect Russian missiles within three minutes of their launch. Officers at norad would confer for an additional three minutes, checking sensors to decide if an attack was actually occurring. The Integrated Tactical Warning/Attack System collects data from at least two independent information sources, relying on different physical principles, such as ground-based radar and satellite-based infrared sensors. If the norad officials thought that the warning was legitimate, the President of the United States would be contacted. He or she would remove the Black Book from a briefcase carried by a military aide. The Black Book describes nuclear retaliatory options, presented in cartoon-like illustrations that can be quickly understood.


Although the Air Force publicly dismissed the threat of a cyberattack on the nuclear command-and-control system, the incident raised alarm within the Pentagon about the system’s vulnerability. A malfunction that occurred by accident might also be caused deliberately. Those concerns were reinforced by a Defense Science Board report in January, 2013. It found that the Pentagon’s computer networks had been “built on inherently insecure architectures that are composed of, and increasingly using, foreign parts.” Red teams employed by the board were able to disrupt Pentagon systems with “relative ease,” using tools available on the Internet. “The complexity of modern software and hardware makes it difficult, if not impossible, to develop components without flaws or to detect malicious insertions,” the report concluded.

In a recent paper for the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies, Andrew Futter, an associate professor at the University of Leicester, suggested that a nuclear command-and-control system might be hacked to gather intelligence about the system, to shut down the system, to spoof it, mislead it, or cause it to take some sort of action—like launching a missile. And, he wrote, there are a variety of ways it might be done.


Strict precautions have been taken to thwart a cyberattack on the U.S. nuclear command-and-control system. Every line of nuclear code has been scrutinized for errors and bugs. The system is “air-gapped,” meaning that its networks are closed: someone can’t just go onto the Internet and tap into a computer at a Minuteman III control center. At least, that’s the theory. Russia, China, and North Korea have sophisticated cyber-warfare programs and techniques. General James Cartwright—the former head of the U.S. Strategic Command who recently pleaded guilty to leaking information about Stuxnet—thinks that it’s reasonable to believe the system has already been penetrated. “You’ve either been hacked, and you’re not admitting it, or you’re being hacked and don’t know it,” Cartwright said last year.

If communications between Minuteman control centers and their missiles are interrupted, the missiles can still be launched by ultra-high-frequency radio signals transmitted by special military aircraft. The ability to launch missiles by radio serves as a backup to the control centers—and also creates an entry point into the network that could be exploited in a cyberattack. The messages sent within the nuclear command-and-control system are highly encrypted. Launch codes are split in two, and no single person is allowed to know both parts. But the complete code is stored in computers—where it could be obtained or corrupted by an insider.

Some of America’s most secret secrets were recently hacked and stolen by a couple of private contractors working inside the N.S.A., Edward Snowden and Harold T. Martin III, both employees of Booz Allen Hamilton. The N.S.A. is responsible for generating and encrypting the nuclear launch codes. And the security of the nuclear command-and-control system is being assured not only by government officials but also by the employees of private firms, including software engineers who work for Boeing, Amazon, and Microsoft.

Lord Des Browne, a former U.K. Minister of Defense, is concerned that even ballistic-missile submarines may be compromised by malware. Browne is now the vice-chairman of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit seeking to reduce the danger posed by weapons of mass destruction, where he heads a task force examining the risk of cyberattacks on nuclear command-and-control systems. Browne thinks that the cyber threat is being cavalierly dismissed by many in power. The Royal Navy’s decision to save money by using Windows for Submarines, a version of Windows XP, as the operating system for its ballistic-missile subs seems especially shortsighted. Windows XP was discontinued six years ago, and Microsoft warned that any computer running it after April, 2014, “should not be considered protected as there will be no security updates.” Each of the U.K. subs has eight missiles carrying a total of forty nuclear weapons. “It is shocking to think that my home computer is probably running a newer version of Windows than the U.K.’s military submarines,” Brown said.In 2013, General C. Robert Kehler, the head of the U.S. Strategic Command, testified before the Senate Armed Services Committee about the risk of cyberattacks on the nuclear command-and-control system. He expressed confidence that the U.S. system was secure. When Senator Bill Nelson asked if somebody could hack into the Russian or Chinese systems and launch a ballistic missile carrying a nuclear warhead, Kehler replied, “Senator, I don’t know . . . I do not know.”

After the debacle of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Soviet Union became much more reluctant to provoke a nuclear confrontation with the United States. Its politburo was a committee of conservative old men. Russia’s leadership is quite different today. The current mix of nationalism, xenophobia, and vehement anti-Americanism in Moscow is a far cry from the more staid and secular ideology guiding the Soviet Union in the nineteen-eighties. During the past few years, threats about the use of nuclear weapons have become commonplace in Moscow. Dmitry Kiselyov, a popular newscaster and the Kremlin’s leading propagandist, reminded viewers in 2014 that Russia is “the only country in the world capable of turning the U.S.A. into radioactive dust.” The Kremlin has acknowledged the development of a nuclear torpedo that can travel more than six thousand miles underwater before devastating a coastal city. It has also boasted about a fearsome new missile design. Nicknamed “Satan 2” and deployed with up to sixteen nuclear warheads, the missile will be “capable of wiping out parts of the earth the size of Texas or France,” an official news agency claimed.


Russia’s greatest strategic vulnerability is the lack of a sophisticated and effective early-warning system. The Soviet Union had almost a dozen satellites in orbit that could detect a large-scale American attack. The system began to deteriorate in 1996, when an early-warning satellite had to be retired. Others soon fell out of orbit, and Russia’s last functional early-warning satellite went out of service two years ago. Until a new network of satellites can be placed in orbit, the country must depend on ground-based radar units. Unlike the United States, Russia no longer has two separate means of validating an attack warning. At best, the radar units can spot warheads only minutes before they land. Pavel Podvig, a senior fellow at the U.N. Institute for Disarmament Research, believes that Russia does not have a launch-on-warning policy—because its early-warning system is so limited.

For the past nine years, I’ve been immersed in the minutiae of nuclear command and control, trying to understand the actual level of risk. Of all the people whom I’ve met in the nuclear realm, Sidney Drell was one of the most brilliant and impressive. Drell died this week, at the age of ninety. A theoretical physicist with expertise in quantum field theory and quantum chromodynamics, he was for many years the deputy director of the Stanford Linear Accelerator and received the National Medal of Science from Obama, in 2013. Drell was one of the founding members of jason—a group of civilian scientists that advises the government on important technological matters—and for fifty-six years possessed a Q clearance, granting him access to the highest level of classified information. Drell participated in top-secret discussions about nuclear strategy for decades, headed a panel that investigated nuclear-weapon safety for the U.S. Congress in 1990, and worked on technical issues for jason until the end of his life. A few months ago, when I asked for his opinion about launch-on-warning, Drell said, “It’s insane, the worst thing I can think of. You can’t have a worse idea.”

Drell was an undergraduate at Princeton University when Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed. Given all the close calls and mistakes in the seventy-one years since then, he considered it a miracle that no other cities have been destroyed by a nuclear weapon—“it is so far beyond my normal optimism.” The prospect of a new cold war—and the return of military strategies that advocate using nuclear weapons on the battlefield—deeply unnerved him. Once the first nuclear weapon detonates, nothing might prevent the conflict from spiralling out of control. “We have no experience in stopping a nuclear war,” he said.


Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin confront a stark choice: begin another nuclear-arms race or reduce the threat of nuclear war. Trump now has a unique opportunity to pursue the latter, despite the bluster and posturing on both sides. His admiration for Putin, regardless of its merits, could provide the basis for meaningful discussions about how to minimize nuclear risks. Last year, General James Mattis, the former Marine chosen by Trump to serve as Secretary of Defense, called for a fundamental reappraisal of American nuclear strategy and questioned the need for land-based missiles. During Senate testimony, Mattis suggested that getting rid of such missiles would “reduce the false-alarm danger.” Contrary to expectations, Republican Presidents have proved much more successful than their Democratic counterparts at nuclear disarmament. President George H. W. Bush cut the size of the American arsenal in half, as did his son, President George W. Bush. And President Ronald Reagan came close to negotiating a treaty with the Soviet Union that would have completely abolished nuclear weapons.

Every technology embodies the values of the age in which it was created. When the atomic bomb was being developed in the mid-nineteen-forties, the destruction of cities and the deliberate targeting of civilians was just another military tactic. It was championed as a means to victory. The Geneva Conventions later classified those practices as war crimes—and yet nuclear weapons have no other real use. They threaten and endanger noncombatants for the sake of deterrence. Conventional weapons can now be employed to destroy every kind of military target, and twenty-first-century warfare puts an emphasis on precision strikes, cyberweapons, and minimizing civilian casualties. As a technology, nuclear weapons have become obsolete. What worries me most isn’t the possibility of a cyberattack, a technical glitch, or a misunderstanding starting a nuclear war sometime next week. My greatest concern is the lack of public awareness about this existential threat, the absence of a vigorous public debate about the nuclear-war plans of Russia and the United States, the silent consent to the roughly fifteen thousand nuclear weapons in the world. These machines have been carefully and ingeniously designed to kill us. Complacency increases the odds that, some day, they will. The “Titanic Effect” is a term used by software designers to explain how things can quietly go wrong in a complex technological system: the safer you assume the system to be, the more dangerous it is becoming.'

- Eric Schlosser, World War Three, By Mistake, December 23, 2016


The International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

          Wormy Tummys        
Silas had hookworms!
He was at the vet yesterday to get fixed and they discovered them. If he had gone without medication for another week he would be dead! It's all fixed now, thank goodness, and he should be gaining lots of weight in the next few days and weeks. The boy is down with him now, and he comes home this coming Sunday.
I went to Target today and bought him a bunch of stuff, but not nearly as much as I wanted to! I can tell that this is going to get very expensive, very fast.
          Besplatna torba        

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          Malware: How we are Infected [InfoGraphic]        
So you have a computer, but if it was infected with a virus, what would you do? Would you even know it was there? It is a well-known fact that over 32% of all computers in the world have malware of some sort. Today we will be talking about the infamous computer virus and what it is.

So let's start with something you all have probably heard of, Malware. Malware is a program made to infiltrate your computer, disable parts of it, and thus gain access to your hard drive, search history and such to aid with stealing information. However, there are other types of malware out there. Let's get to know them and how much of the 32% they infect.

At 57%, first we have the virus. This is a software that has the capability to copy itself and send itself into other folders. Then there is the "Trojan" at 21%. The Trojan is malicious software that hides on the internet disguised as some sort of program or free item, and ce you download it, you will soon discover it is malicious. But the Trojan has a brother at 7%, called the "Trojan Downloader". This type of virus does the same thing as the simple Trojan, but once on your computer it downloads more viruses and software, then begins to use those programs.

Then at 3% there is the "Exploit", which finds a glitch, bug or system error and uses that to hack into your computer. Next we have the "Worm" at 2%, this malicious bug works the same as a Trojan, but then copies and pastes itself across your computer network.

But not all viruses seem so bad when you get them, for instance the "Adware" at 3%. This type of virus infects your computer so nothing happens at first, but once you log into your web browser, then immediately your screen will be flooded with ads. There is also the "Monitoring Tool" with 2% of the 32% infected. This malware infects your computer and hides, not doing anything but monitoring your activity, (Search history, keyboard history etc.) and then sends those back to a remote server.

There is also one of the worst at 1%, the "Back Door". This virus infects your computer remotely, not allowing your anti-virus security to even detect it, but sure enough it does. And lastly we have one of the worst but luckily at a low percentage of 0.01%, "Spyware". This diabolically designed software infects your computer and takes the most important pieces of information it can find and sends it back to wherever it came from. This information is generally passwords, credit card numbers and other sensitive information.
All of these viruses have devastating effects. Last year there were 27 million strains of malware made, which means 74,000 new viruses are created every day. The number of homes in the United States that experience spam is 24 million. The number of homes with serious viruses in the last 2 years is 16 million, and the number of houses that had spyware in the last 6 months is 6 million. But most devastating of all, over 1 million of all homes have lost money to spyware in the last year. Another devastating fact is that Viruses cost the world 4.55 billion USD every year.

So be safe, don't download anything you are unsure of, and be sure to have an anti-virus software. But most importantly learn how to detect these programs when you get them.


http://tabletmag.com/audio/podcast_feature051906_economycandy.mp3Jerry Cohen, owner of Economy Candy, a sweet tooth wonderland on New York City’s Lower East Side, has worked there ever since he was a kid. He knows the store’s vast inventory as well as anyone – everything from the Banana French Taffy Chews to rainbow-colored Gummy Sour Worms. In anticipation of Passover, Tablet’s Blake Eskin takes a guided tour of Jerry’s holiday-appropriate selection, which includes fresh candied fruit slices and chocolate dipped macaroons.

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          Ð‘ольшой обман MELTED SPACE: симфо-метал с участием вокалистов DARK TRANQUILLITY, AYREON, SHINING, MAYHEM, CARNIVAL IN COAL…        
Продолжая тему суперпроектов (самые удачные из которых мы вместе вспоминали вот ), вашему вниманию еще одна любопытная формация из Франции. Она называется MELTED SPACE — и чаще всего позиционируется как «Ñ‚ÑÐ¶ÐµÐ»Ð°Ñ версия AYREON». Парадом рулит пианист и композитор Pierre Le Pape (его вы могли слышать в блэк-дэзовой группе EMBRYONIC CELLS и авангардной WORMFOOD), изначально занимавшийся мрачной саундтреково-инструментальной музыкой, а позднее переключившийся на симфо-метал формата «Ð¼ÐµÑ‚Ð°Ð» опера + гости». Не ново, конечно, но списки вокалистов у Пьера внушают… Итак, в записи третьего альбома The Great Lie (предшественник From The Past 2012 года, на котором все эти масштабные симфо-дела начались, каюсь, до сих пор не зацепила), выходящем в середине октября, приняли участие David Vincent (ex-MORBID ANGEL), Attila Csihar (MAYHEM), Mikael Stanne (DARK TRANQUILLITY), Arjen Lucassen, Ailyn Gimenéz (SIRENIA), Kobi Fahri (ORPHANED LAND), Mariangela Demurtas (TRISTANIA), Guillaume Bideau (MNEMIC), Niklas Kvarforth (SHINING), Sylvain Coudret (SOILWORK), Arnaud Strobl (CARNIVAL IN COAL), Clémentine Delauney (VISIONS […]
          BLACK BEAR MEETS REMINGTON R-25        

It was a warm sunny late September afternoon when I pulled into the Canadian Border Customs in Lewiston several weeks ago in route to Port Loring, Ontario where I hoped to shoot my seventh black bear. Little did I know then that this would be the last ray of sunshine I would see for the next 5 days. Having my gun registration paper work completed prior to my arrival helped to expedite the process; however when I opened my gun case and the Canadian officer saw my new fully camouflaged Remington R-25 .308 caliber modular repeating rifle, he was quite impressed as were several of his fellow officers who also came over to look. Once across the border I knew that I would not reach Port Loring until the wee hours of the night and decided to drive until about 9 p.m. and find a motel to spend the night; which I did in Trey, Ontario. And by mid-morning the next day I was knocking on Hermann and Lise Stroeher’s door. It was really good to see them again since my last visit 4 or 5 years ago and they were as warm and friendly as ever. But Hermann was all business and told me we can talk later and to follow him to where I would be staying. He wanted me to get unpacked and back to his house by 1:30 p.m. so I would be in my treestand by 2:30 p.m. I could feel the adrenaline already starting to boil just thinking about the hunt. My accommodations this year were at Wright Point Resort, a beautiful spot on the banks of the Pigeon Lake which is actually is part of the Pickerel River system; and it is loaded with small and largemouth bass, northern pike and walleye(they call them pickerel). The owners, Dianne and Dan Feasby, had set me up in one of their 4 motel rooms which, like their 7 lake-side cottages were fully furnished with all modern appliances, dishes, pans, etc. and they had boats and motor rentals right there. What a place to spend a week’s vacation, fishing and/or hunting. And if you are a snowmobiler, they showed me an Ontario trail map with thousands of miles of snowmobile trails. Unfortunately I only got to fish the lake for about two hours; in which time I caught and released 31 nice bass. The majority were smallies, the largest measuring 20 inches and two of the largemouth were over 3 pounds. All were taken on a Stick-O-Worm rigged wacky style. I did leave the rest of these worms with Dan and one of his campers. The hospitality here was outstanding and if you would like to see more go to their web site at, wrightpointresort.com. DAY 1 At 1:30 p.m. I was following Hermann in my truck headed to my treestand site and I was anxious. It was a long ride, approximately 25 miles on a paved road and another 6 miles into the bush on a dirt road where I parked my truck and Hermann walked me in on a small trail to the site got me settled, then headed back to camp. There were dark clouds beginning to roll in but I was hoping the rain would hold off until dark. It didn’t. Perhaps and hour or so after I climbed into the stand I heard thunder in the distance behind me; but it sounded like it was going away from me. It wasn’t. The rains came first but I was ready for that and quickly slipped into my rain suit and used another light rain jacket to cover my gun. The winds followed shortly and I found out later that they were upward of 40; which at times felt like I was on the high seas. Within 45 minutes of the start of the rain the thunder began, and with it the lightning. Now my choices were climb out of the stand and go sit in the truck until it passed and then sneak back in, which would probably ruin the hunt. So I chose the second option of staying in the tree. An hour or so later the thunder and lighting did stop, but the heavy rain and high winds didn’t. And at 7:50 p.m., the end of legal shooting time, I climbed down from the stand and sloshed my way back to the truck. Did not see a bear. Back at camp no one else had seen a bear either and Hermann said that the combination of the heavy rain, high winds and thunder and lightning makes them very nervous. All we could do is go back out again the next morning. DAY 2 I was in my stand an hour before sunup and when I looked through my scope I could see that the bait had not been touched; so there was still a chance that the bear would come in this morning. Forgot to mention it was still raining and the wind was about 20-25 mph. At 10:30 a.m. I climbed down and headed back to camp. After breakfast and a short nap I was sitting in the stand in full rain gear hoping that tonight was the night. The rain continued along with the heavy winds all evening and once again there were no bear visits. But I did have 4 grouse cooing around under my stand for about an hour. The grouse season was open but the .308 was a little overkill for grouse hunting. DAY 3 After another morning of rain, wind and no bear I met up with Hermann who suggested that after breakfast I join him on his morning baiting trips and we could check the activity at several of the sites, and I could pick the one I liked for the afternoon hunt. We visited 5 sites, all of which were hit since the last time he checked them. The site that I choose had plenty of activity signs but the real draw for me was the timber wolf tracks I saw in the mud on the way in that got me excited. Only once, years ago while sitting in a treestand at Hermann’s, I had a timber wolf appear about 150 yards from me. I did get to look at him through my binoculars but he quickly disappeared. That evening the rain continued and it was then that I realized the value of good equipment. Other than my hands and face the only thing that got a little wet and cold during these long sits in the nasty weather was my nose. The camouflaged Red Head Squaltex Bone Dry rain gear totally protected my body from the rain and the wind and the Burris Full Field II, in all this nasty rain, never once fogged up on me. Actually I did get a bit wet the next day when climbing down from my stand in the morning I caught my jacket on a nail and ripped a big chuck out of it. As for the bear this particular evening; nothing came it. DAY 4 The final day, my last chance. The morning hunt went too quickly and the rain did stop for an hour or so and, the sun did shine for perhaps an hour. But there were no bears. It was going down to the wire again. That afternoon I was in the stand earlier than usual but knew this was it; because tomorrow I was heading home. The weather was actually fairly pleasant; for awhile. Then about 3 p.m. the winds began followed by the rain, and with each hour both increased and by 6 p.m. things were back to normal; heavy rains and gusting winds that were causing my treestand to move a good six inches from side to side. I must have looked at my watch at least a dozen times; and time was running out. I remember checking my watch at it 7:35 p.m. and saying to myself, just 10 more minutes of legal shooting time left; it looks like it is over. But when I looked up there he was coming in, 70 yards away in the opening. Quickly I shouldered the gun and put the crosshair on the bear’s shoulder and clicked off the safety. My only problem now was that the 40 plus mph wind was again rocking the stand side to side. It seemed like forever that I held the horizontal crosshair of the scope on target just waiting for the wind to stop. And when it did I set the crosshairs on its shoulder and tapped the R-25 trigger and the Remington 150 grain Ultra Bonded PSP put him down. To say I was relieved and excited would be an understatement as I scrambled down the steps and trotted to the bear. A tap on his nose with the rifle barrel told me what I already knew; it was over. Quickly I unloaded my rifle, put it in its case, which is required when leaving the woods after legal shooting time in Canada, and quickly headed to my truck to go get Hermann. He was as happy as I was about the news and he had already put the ATV on the back of his pickup; and we headed back to get my bear. Once again I watched Hermann’s skill with the Outdoor Edge cutlery(Kodi-Pak) I had given him years ago. But the fun really began when we had to drag the bear about 20 yards over a number of brush piles and stumps to the ATV. Two old men pulling on a bear would have made a great photo, but we got it there and loaded on the back of the ATV. And yes, it was still raining and windy; but I really did not care. This was another great hunt with some very special old and new friends; and I have to rate it as my most memorable bear hunt. If you would like to see more photos of the bear you can go to, fishguydblog.blogspot.com/
          Re: Whats Your Favorite "Treat"?        

Give me a bag of Starbursts, gummi worms, or Shock Tarts and I'll be happy :D

          Parasitic worm eggs may soon be legally sold as food in Germany        
Thousands have been infecting themselves with parasites to treat conditions like depression and multiple sclerosis, but we don’t yet know if it works
          I tried ingesting rat tapeworm parasites and my poo turned green        
With the news that a worm product is being considered for approval as a food ingredient in Germany, Andy Coghlan decided to try out a parasite product
          Eating a lower calorie diet improves learning ability in worms        
Calorie-restricted diets have already been linked to longer lifespans in flies, mice and monkeys. Now a study has found that eating less can boost learning
          Earthworm Jim molaba más antes        
Viendo el siguiente vídeo comparativo de diferentes versiones de lo mejor que ha parido -y parirá Dave Perry en toda su vida, aunque MDK2 tiene su aquél, me quedo de calle con la versión de MegaDrive de Earthworm Jim. Todo ilusionado que estaba yo con la versión hachedeizada, y no sé como se las han ingeniado para sacarle todo el encanto visual 2D repleto de animaciones y encasquetarle unos colores pobres y renders incluso hasta para la nevera colgante. Si no me equivoco, la versión de MegaDrive está disponible en la Consola Virtual, o sea que pasando de Wiiware ( de todas formas creo que que por ahora sólo está a la venta para XBLA; PSN y Wiiware a esperar tocan ) y decantandóme por el clásico primigenio. Vivan las 2D, mueran los renders !

          Luke Van Hook Paintings Now at Brand Library Galleries "Circle in the Square" Yesung Kim, Barbara Kolo, Susan Sironi, Cheryl Walker thru Sept 5th 2008        
The Entrance to the Brand Library Art Galleries in Glendale, California hosts a prominent postcard of the show "Circle in the Square" now exhibiting through September 5th, 2008


Photo above: 
Cathy Billings, Art Librarian and Gallery Manager of the 
Brand Library Art Galleries and Co-Curator of 
"Circle in the Square" selected Luke Van Hook 
as one of the artists to show his circle paintings 
which explore Giotto's fabled "perfect circle.
Photo below: 
Alyssa Resnick, Senior Library Supervisor, Gallery Director 
and Co-curator pictured with Luke Van Hook.
Both ladies made studio visits all over Los Angeles and surrounding communities in search of the "perfect circle" of artists to represent the illusive qualities of the circle.
It takes over a year to prepare for a large show at the Brand Library Art Galleries and no one will have a better story to tell you about the waiting process than Galleries Manager and Curator, Cathy Billings or Alyssa Resnick, Senior Library Supervisor and Gallery Director. These ladies traveled to Inglewood, California for a studio visit to see Luke Van Hook's circle paintings some time in the early summer of 2007. They told Luke that they were preparing to curate a show of artists working on the motif of the 'circle'.  They had already reviewed a number of artists and found making the final decision difficult, first because there were a number of artists who worked with this subject and secondly, the talent was very competitive. The subject of the circle and how each artist approaches this topic is worth dedicated study in and of itself.  These lovely ladies, Cathy and Alyssa, with a keen eye for artistic talent, selected a total of five talented artists to show together this summer.   
Here you will find photos of how each artist expressed their obsession with the circular form.  I'll begin my blog entry with a brief history of what I believe may have led Luke Van Hook to painting the circle and continue with the photos and biographical information of the additional four artists each selected for working with the motif of circles, independently of each other, with their own unique and individual interpretations of the circle: Yesung Kim, Barbara Kolo, Susan Sironi, and Cheryl Walker.
Luke Van Hook began his present study of the circle in 2005. He first discovered the legend of Giotto's "Perfect Circle" in a class about ancient history; but the idea didn't sink in at first. He needed time to reason with his quest. While Luke approached the specific task of painting the circle with thin paintbrushes and applying layer upon layer of color to a raw naked canvas, I set about trying to understand what the hell prompted my husband to go circle crazy in the first place.  I started researching what the circle meant and I found a lot of literature in the realm of magic, rituals, mathematics, secret societies and romance. But my first impression was that the circle was a way to get back to the beginning of things.  Then I delved deeper.  Was Luke trying to say that he was going in circles?  Were we at this artistic point in our lives as a result of a past life?  Was our circular existence referencing our cycle of birth, death and rebirth?  Or was the answer more basic than that, like "the earth is round and it's an orbital thing.' There were other issues on the table I was urged to deal with also.  Were these circle paintings partly influenced by the school we had attended?  Once we leave school we are expected to make works of art that have fresh meaning and to blow out the cobwebs of old thinking.  While at Otis College of Art and Design in Los Angeles, Luke Van Hook studied all the required areas to excel in his chosen profession as a fine arts painter including the figure, landscapes and abstracts. But the abstract visual image is what finally drew Luke back in.  Could it be the understated obvious fact that the big 'O' (which formed a circle on every memo, syllabus and brochure in the name of Otis College) was influencing him subconsciously?  
Luke's earlier work involved intricately small hatch marks that evolved into large abstract images full of vibrant colors.  This work was very reminiscent of Jasper Johns.  So where did this circle idea really emanate from?  Did his hatch marks get married or what?  Observers of Luke Van Hook's work have stated that it raises the question, 'Is it a painting or a drawing?  Is it text or writing?'  Luke will often begin a row of circles that reads from left to right just as western literature is expressed.  But sometimes he changes his mind, and the direction of his technique, and he starts to paint his rows from right to left. At other times, he completes a horizontal column of circles which refers more to ancient Asian forms of writing going from the top, down.
During his graduating year at Otis College in 2004, Luke went on a mission to explore machine technology as it pertained to replacing humans.  He painted large canvases with a number of faces and shapes that represented cyborgs expressing the fear, uncertainty and ambivalence that humans have toward our technological future.  But once out of school, a full year later, in 2005 Luke seem to have turned a corner.  He seemed to have replaced his fear of technology with a competitive defiance that defied all reason.  Luke started working with his father-in-law, in his machine shop, where he started to observe how everything around him involved the circle in one way or another.  He watched the machines (Fadal CNC's- numerical control production machines) in action. The tool would spin in circles, plunging in and out of aluminum, stainless steel and plastic materials. The space left behind was almost always a perfect circle.  Perhaps, this was Luke's starting point. It was the first time he'd really seen a machine make simple circles and Luke probably said something to himself like 'I can do this! Just watch me!' then promptly, decided to take on his destiny. To compete with a machine, may have been the early impulse that drew Luke to paint the circle, but the legend of Giotto's 'perfect circle' was what has kept Luke going full steam ahead into production of abstract works of art.  The initial pieces he created were prototypes. These were the experiments he and his father-in-law Luis Ingels, worked on before moving into the hand made pieces. As his first experiment, Luke inserted a paint brush into the collet of the machine and programmed the coordinates to match the canvas. He overshot his calculations and the brush came crashing down upon the canvas; the collet smashed the brush right through the canvas and even broke the frame. Perhaps, Luke might have thought as he and my father, Luis, looked at each other, 'it was time to go back to the drawing board'. Undaunted by initial failure, Luke did complete an entire series of machine made circles before he went on to the main event, the competition of drawing the circles, one by one, by hand.  
Each piece of artwork created since his first attempts, is meticulously reinvented into creative visual landscapes layering circles upon circles of color schemes in gradations of complementary hues.  The colors reveal very subtle changes.  The circles pull the eye in.  The images seem to have a life of their own, a vibrant quality of pushing the viewer to look for patterns while pulling the eyes into fishers, crevices, or 'wormholes' as one collector observed. I have witnessed the intimate evolution of Luke's circles only because I have the honor and privilege of being Luke's wife.  The fact that I am discussing my husband's art work is of significance only in the sense that it is somewhat rare, although not unheard of, for the artist's loved one to interject a provocative discussion of the artwork publicly in a blog; however, this is a sign of the times we live in today and I feel blessed as a writer to have this open forum to share with you the joys and struggles inherent in Luke's artistic process.
The way I see it, Luke has taken on  the impossible task of creating the perfect circle, where no perfect circle has ever existed before, despite Giotto's legend.  All mathematical equations to date reveal that there is no perfect circle. It is a myth. So why Luke has persisted in this impossible feat only reminds me of the story of Don Quixote. Here is where I see Luke chasing his windmills. This is where in my imagination, I view the circles on the canvas as Luke's quest for the impossible dream and his circles are his windmills.  His paintbrush is his sword.  Thus Luke 
Van Hook's paintings, for me, exhibit all the romantic qualities innate in a love story.  Seeking to please his beloved Lucia, these references emerging from raw canvas could be read practically like text.  Some art collectors saw the circles as Braille text or some secret code or language.  The secret, I think, lies in Luke's love of sports!  Sometimes I interpret this circle code to reflect images of the sports activities I see Luke enjoy daily;  I make visual connections to the circles on the wheels of his bicycles which hang in his studio or his skate boards that decorate the rafters of the painting bays or even the wheels that drive his car which sits resting on almost perfect circles on the driveway.
For a while, I was convinced that Luke's enthusiasm for cycling was directly influencing the subjects of his paintings because one day, I was staring at one of his earlier images, (which is hung lovingly on the wall of the dining room right over the microwave oven); I saw it hanging next to a photograph of Luke participating in the 'Death Race 1999', a bicycle ride that cycle enthusiasts pursue along the most dangerous mountainous roads known as the California Alps in Northern California at the edge of the Northern Nevada border where Markleeville meets the Carson Valley.   The image Luke had painted in 1998, while recovering, ironically, from a broken ankle suffered in a bicycle race in Minden; was the image of three bicycles in a dead heat on the gray pavement with the yellow dividing line providing a ground for what appears as three large helmets (representative of the riders) in red, green and yellow.  The eventual emergence of Luke's hatch marks from work created in 2000, can be seen on the helmets and if you are really looking for this, (with your microscope) you may even find, the very beginnings of the influences which have eventually led to this mad case of circle paintings!  The circle imagery you might be searching for could have started at the base of the bicycle's anatomy with the wheels spinning along the highway to Kingsbury Grade, somewhere near Genoa, along the bottom of the hill leading to Lake Tahoe.  I comfort myself as painter's wife, that even Picasso had his periods, as did Rembrandt, Vincent Van Gogh, Monet and Gauguin and so long as Luke Van Hook doesn't try to cut off his ear we are doing just fine with these circles.

But don't take my word for it. Luke Van Hook's circle paintings are something you should see for yourself.  The subtlety of the work is difficult to capture on film, although I tried my best to create a video after struggling with photographing the stills for three years.  But even the video work fails to reveal the whole story.  You've got to stand in front of one of these pieces to involve yourself in the novella of Luke's life.  Although I can decode a small portion of what I see through his work, the rest of the circles on the canvas are still a vague mystery to me as well.  Every relationship has its secrets.  Thus Luke and I, as artists, are no different.  Even when we know each other, there are elements of surprise and adventure that we have yet to tell each other.  The mystery in his canvases is what really thrills me to see Luke's work on display under gallery lighting! (Sales don't hurt my enthusiasm either!)

When I think of Luke Van Hook's circle paintings, today, in 2008, I often think of Luke riding a skateboard doing 'ollies' and then trying for a loop-de-loop in mid-air.  This is because in January of 2008, Luke begged for a skateboard for his birthday and little did I know what would happen when I wrapped it up for him!  He has returned to the love of his youth.  Luke Van Hook has come full circle to his beginnings to land on his home base. The skateboard has also flown in mid-air, in harmony with gravity, and both land as one in a perfect execution of a move I would never dare try to do myself.  I see each circle on the canvas as Luke's attempt to catapult his work into the mainstream of the art-world with each rotation of the paintbrush on the surface of the canvas.  This is where I see Luke Van Hook in mid catapult, surfing on the air, light in transition, from youth to inspired maturity; from student to master, with paintbrush in hand landing and continuing to roll on four wheels with a great big shit-eating grin on his face. ('four' being the lucky number of his numerology charts). I see the ordered struggle, the innate joy in the success of one loop-de-loop after another. And once in a while, I also see the crash landing and the bloody injuries.  What is more important is that Luke gets up and does it again each and every time.  Luke has to begin again with each new circle, every circle becoming a part of a larger layer of community, thus his canvases vibrate with activity, mystery, romance and adventure.  I find my own meanings in each image  as it develops day by day and I am privileged to stand beside him, admire and witness the struggle of our Don Quixote in the new millennium, first hand.
There is still time to see these painting up close and personal. The Brand Library Art Galleries is part of the Glendale Public Library, located at 1601 West Mountain Street in the City of Glendale, 91201  Telephone:  818-548-2051/ fax 818-548-2713 ;  visit the Brand Library Art Galleries online at   www.brandlibrary.org    to  check for Library hours.
Cookie Gallegos, Ana Porras and Martha Ingels attend the opening of "Circle in the Square" to support Luke Van Hook. Brand Art Library Galleries, Glendale, California August 2, 2008 Photo by Ginger Van Hook
(From left to right) Margo Payne, Lynn Nantana-Green and Angela Williams attend the exhibition "Circle in the Square" in support of Luke Van Hook.
Lynn Lantana-Green came to support Artist, Luke Van Hook at the opening reception of "Circle in the Square" an art exhibition held at the Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California, August 2, 2008.  Photos by Ginger Van Hook
Kevin Powell came to support Luke Van Hook and enjoy the paintings at the Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale California, August 2, 2008. Photo by Ginger Van Hook

Artist Luke Van Hook brought home-made pies to his reception of the exhibition "Circle in the Square". In addition to painting, Luke Van Hook has a reputation for making awesome pies from scratch. Photographed milling around the Double Fudge Pican Pie and the Sweet Berry Pie were the grandchildren of Hector Sticker. Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California August 2, 2008. Photo by Ginger Van Hook
(From left to right) Claudio Sticker, Hector Sticker, Peter Bolten, Martha Ingels, Luke Van Hook and Luis Ingels attend the reception of  "Circle in the Square". Luke Van Hook and Luis Ingels worked together to create circles on canvas with the use of robotic CNC machines. After creating a little over a dozen machine-made paintings, Luke went on to compete with the machine and do the circles on his own by hand, one by one. Each circle is represented as being one breath and Luke Van Hook states that these are the marks he is leaving behind which define his existence during this lifetime as he continues to pursue the legend of "Giotto's Perfect Circle". Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California, August 2, 2008. Photo by Ginger Van Hook

From left to right, Ohannes Berberian, his daughter Melanie, Luke Van Hook and Rouzanna Berberian attend the opening reception of "Circle in the Square" at the Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008.  Ohannes Berberian owns DigiTECH Camera Repair in Monrovia, California (www.digitechcamerarepair.com). Luke Van Hook and Rouzanna Berberian are both fine art painters and members of the Monrovia Association of Fine Arts (M.A.F.A.). Rouzanna Berberian is a teacher in the after-school arts programs supported by M.A.F.A.  which promotes the goal of enhancing the lives of those within the community through interaction with the arts and to increase the opportunities of children through art education. Photo by Ginger Van Hook

From left to right, Kathleen Zgonc, photographer Frank Zgonc and artist Luke Van Hook attend the opening reception of 'Circle in the Square' at the Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008. Frank Zgonc is a an executive member of the Monrovia Association of Fine Arts in Monrovia, California. Frank Zgonc is the vice-president and official curator of Monrovia's yearly October Art Festival. This year the October Festival will be held on Saturday and Sunday October 11th and 12th, 2008 at the Monrovia Community Center located at 119 W. Palm Avenue in Monrovia. Free and open to the public, this art event will feature work by photographer Frank Zgonc; (Scheduled from 10 am to 6pm both days).  There will also be an Opening Night Celebration Saturday, October 11th from 7-9:30 pm where the special Renaissance Award will be presented to a worthy individual who has made significant contributions to the arts. 
Photo by Ginger Van Hook
Mr. and Mrs. Luke and Ginger Van Hook attend the opening reception of 'Circle in the Square' at the Brand Libraries Art Galleries, August 2, 2008 in Glendale, California.  Luke Van Hook an artist working from Inglewood, California earned a BFA  at Otis College of ARt and Design.  For several years, Van Hook has been exploring in his work, Giotto's fabled "perfect circle".  Over time the single-minded focus on the perfection of the circle has been subsumed by the artist's interest in the aesthetic and expressive qualities of the circle. New works depict ritualistically repeated circular brushstrokes on canvas, hemp, and other materials. Van Hook states that he began " as a challenge to myself to see if a perfect circle was possible; these circles have now morphed into a challenge to myself to see if a perfect circle is  possible. These circles have now morphed into a study in patience. The sense of time and the marking of time is inherent in the meticulous application of paint. The viewer can appreciate these temporal qualities but is also compelled to bring their own  interpretation to the work. Are these circles pure abstraction? Combined do they conceal deliberate shapes and forms? or are they perhaps a secret code or language? Van Hook has exhibited at TAG Gallery, Focus One Gallery, and the Bolsky Gallery in  Westchester. Luke Van Hook's painting may also be viewed on his website: www.lukevanhook.com
Photo courtesy of Peter Bolten

Kevin Powell comes to support Luke Van Hook for his opening reception. Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California, August 2, 2008.  Photo by Ginger Van Hook
Jason Porras attends the opening reception to support Luke Van Hook in his endeavors to pursue Giotto's legend of the 'Perfect Circle'. Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California August 2, 2008. Photo By Ginger Van Hook.

Zoe Hengst, Ginger Van Hook and Martha Ingels attend the opening of "Circle in the Square" to support Luke Van Hook. Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California August 2, 2008. Photo courtesy of Peter Bolten.
Zoe and Jopie Hengst walk through the center of the exhibition "Circle in the Square" to support Luke Van Hook at the opening night, August 2, 2008. Paintings by Susan Sironi in the background. Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California. Photo by Ginger Van Hook.

Cookie Gallegos, Ginger Van Hook and Luke Van Hook pose for photographs in front of Luke Van Hook's painting at the Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008 Glendale, California. Photo courtesy of Peter Bolten.

Cookie Gallegos and Ana Porras watch the dance performance choreographed by Cheryl Walker, Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008, Glendale, California.
Paintings by Yesung Kim, Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008, Glendale, California. Photo by Ginger Van Hook.
Paintings by Yesung Kim, Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008, Glendale, California.
Photo by Ginger Van Hook
Yesung Kim poses for a photograph in front of her paintings at the Brand Library Art Galleries, August 02, 2008, Glendale, California. Yesung Kim from Upland, California, was born in Seoul, South Korea and holds MFA degrees from Chung-Ang University and Claremont Graduate University. Kim's mixed media pieces are seductively simple. Ordinary brown packing string is deftly applied to a painted canvas creating organic shapes that shimmer and reflect light. At times these shapes appear to be on the brink of an amoeba-like division as they spread and expand, dropping off the edge of one canvas and continuing on to another. Kim  cites the natural world and light and color as the underlying themes that both inspire and permeate her work.  Following solo shows at the Seoul Museum of Art and the Seoul Arts Center, Kim's work was most recently exhibited at the San Bernardino County Museum's Multi Media Mini Show. More information about Kim's work can be found on her website: www.yesungkim.com
Photo by Ginger Van Hook
Painting by Susan Sironi, Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008 Glendale, California.
Photo by Ginger Van Hook
Glass curtain by Susan Sironi, Brand Library Art Galleries, August 2, 2008,Glendale, California. Photo by Ginger Van Hook.
Cheryl Walker designed a curtain of vinyl layers of color called 'Waterfall IV' that became the backdrop for a beautiful dance performance using the 'circle in the square' theme exhibited at the Brand Library Art Galleries in Glendale California, August 2, 2008. Cheryl Walker holds in her hand some of the vinyl circles that were placed upon the windows at the exhibition hall. Her vinyl circles upon the windows created an illusion of  the stained glass effects. The dance piece entertained a large audience on opening night as artists, collectors, art appreciators and family and friends celebrated the mythologies, geometries, magical and mystical qualities of the circle.   Dance Performers Liz  Curtis, and Martha Carrascosa performed a dance which included participation from members of the audience.  
Members of the audience interacted with the dancers Martha Carrascosa and Liz Curtis at the Brand Library Art Galleries participated in creating a colorful cascade of window art on August 2, 2008 in Glendale, California.
Audience watches dancers Liz Curtis and Martha Carrascosa from Glendale Community College as they perform a choreographed piece by Cheryl Walker, artist. "Circle in the Square", Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale California, August 2, 2008.  Photo By Ginger Van Hook
Dancers Liz Curtis and Martha Carrascosa performing dance choreographed by artist Cheryl Walker, (within the green curtain), Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California. 
Photo by Ginger Van Hook.
Cheryl Walker engaged in performance art intersecting with window art using the artistic theme of 'Circle in the Square'. Brand Library Art Gallery, Glendale, CAlifornia August 2, 2008. Photo by Ginger Van Hook.

Cheryl Walker smiles happily on opening night, Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale California. August 2, 2008. Cheryl Walker, a Los Angeles artist, earned her BA in art in her home state of Minnesota, and her MFA from California State University, Long Beach. In this exhibition Walker created two large site-specific installations of vinyl, oil pastel and natural and artificial light.  Walker explains that the driving force behind her work is "human interaction and improvisation in response to a natural phenomenon or situation." Trained as painter, Walker's installations have some of the qualities of painting; when viewed head-on the suspended layers of vinyl can appear to be two-dimensional because of their transparency and the cut shapes and forms applied to the vinyl are reminiscent of brushstrokes--but removed from the wall these works are thrust into what she calls an "interactive field of play." The fluidity of the material she works with and her interest in collaboration between the artist and the viewer have inspired Walker to create works that can be transformed into performance pieces by dance, music and in-situ art-making. In this exhibition, a dance performance captivates the audience on opening night at the Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California. August 2, 2008.  Photos By Ginger Van Hook

Barbara Kolo, Artist from "Circle in the Square" poses for a photograph in front of her painting with her husband Mr. Kolo. Barbara Kolo, a Santa Monica Artist, earned her BFA from the School of Visual Arts in New York City. Kolo Participated in a successful two-person show at the Brand Library Art Galleries in 1999. The Brand Library Art Galleries are pleased to present (nearly ten years later) a new body of work by Barbara Kolo that connects to that which was here before. In those works and these, her focus is on representing organic materials. The current large scale acrylic on canvas works are saturated with color; the stippled application of paint creates organic shapes and patterns representative of the natural world.  The subject matter is open to each viewers interpretation, where one may see a birch forest at dusk, others may see the  bold aesthetic of pure color and abstraction. Kolo has had recent solo shows at Topanga Canyon Gallery and the Off Rose Gallery in Venice, California. More information about Kolo's work can be found on her website: www.barbarakolo.com Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale California. Photo by Ginger Van Hook

Barbara Kolo poses for a photograph during opening night celebrations for the exhibition, "Circle in the Square" at the Brand Library Art Galleries, Augusts 2, 2008. Glendale, California.

Susan Sironi,  an artist living in Altadena, California posed for her photograph in front of her paintings at  the Brand Library Art Galleries, Glendale, California. August 2, 2008.  Susan Sironi earned her BFA at California Sate University, Long Beach. This exhibition will showcase Sironi's recent paintings as well as her Glass Curtain installation which is comprised of conjoined antique optometric lenses. Her paintings are about texture, color and process. Small dabs of oil paint are painstakingly applied to aluminum, building up an intricate, thorny surface. Highly textured and multihued when viewed up close, this surface belies the color play minimalist color-field appearance of the work at a distance . In the artist's own words "texture and color play equal roles in these works. They ... set up contradictions within each piece. Painitings  that seem to invite touch and intimacy are also reserved and automomous. Time and process are weighed against a static and minimal structure. Sironi's work was most recently seen in the Brea Art Gallery's Made in California exhibition, at the Chouinard School of Art Gallery, and the Orange County Center for Contemporary Art.  More information about Sironi's work can be found on her website: web.mac.com/susansironi/susan/sironi/Welcome.html.
Photo by Ginger Van Hook.  

Yesung Kim, Brand Library Art Gallery, Glendale, California, August 2, 2008.

The Entrance to the Brand Library Art Galleries in Glendale, California hosts a prominent postcard of the show "Circle in the Square" now exhibiting through September 5th, 2008

                   Luke Van Hook paintings are now showing at the Brand Library Art Galleries in
          Season 4 title card sketches part 2:        
Here's the rest of the title card sketches i got to design.  you can see all the final versions here

          By: afarensis, FCD        
No, I didn't write the Conqueror Worm for my wife, although I did take her to see <em>Plan Nine From Outer Space: The Play</em> for one of our anniverseries...Kidding! Yes, I did write the poem on my old blog for her. (I did take her to see the above play - one of the most hysterical things I've seen in my life)
January 01, 2947 Today Griff and I were attacked again by the Vanduul.  4 Scythes and a Glaive.  We lost our ability to quantum yesterday.  I got a distress call out, full power, but we can only hold them off so long.  I hope it’s long enough. January 02, 2947 at 14:09 Our long range scanners are detecting another Vanduul patrol.  6 Glaives.  I… I don’t know. January 02, 2947 at 19:34 Griff is dead...  Griff is dead.  I got away in the escape pod.  I should have stayed.  Oh Griff… January 02, 2947 at 23:43 Entering atmosphere.  Crash landing imminent.  Hope the landing systems still work.  It’s going to be lonely down there without you Griff.  I miss you… January 04, 2947 at 09:31 So I survived.  I’m sorry I haven’t written more Griff… I have been busy trying to learn about the world I am stuck on.   Thank you Griff.  Thank you for insisting I get an Explorer mobiGlas.  I’d probably be dead without it. I ended up on Leir III.  Crashed in the desert.  First thing this morning I found a source of fresh water so I should be able to stay alive for awhile.  Now I just have to figure out how to get the word out that I’m down here… and maybe find something to eat.  Rations won’t last forever. January 07, 2947 at 01:32 Hey Griff… here’s how I’m doing today: First of all, the desert is damn cold at night. Secondly, Aegis really does make these Vanguard escape pods tough.  I was attacked by some nomads today but the pod made great cover and I was able to defend without any real trouble. Thirdly, I managed to reconfigure the E-War equipment from the pod to be used for long range communications.  I boosted it as much as I could and began sending an SOS.  Unfortunately, I think the signal is what caused the nomads to attack. January 09, 2947 at 06:02 Griff… I’m scared.  Occasionally I can hear something moving through the sand under the pod.  What do I do? January 11, 2947 at 14:31 There’s no easy way to say this… I’m inside a Valakkar.  A giant sandworm.  I learned that from my Galactapedia.  I think my distress call attracted it. As I said, these Vanguard pods are tough… so I’m still alive.  Last night the Valakkar ate the pod while I was sleeping. Not so optimistic about rescue now, but I’m going to try sending out another signal.  It should still get out, even from my current… locale. “To anyone listening, I am Kora.  I am currently located on Leir III inside the escape pod from the Vanguard Sentinel ‘Apocrypha’.  Our ship was disabled and then destroyed by successive Vanduul attacks.  My crewmate died. Last night this pod was devoured by a Valakkar.  I have included a Galactapedia link about the creature.  This is an urgent distress call!  Please rescue me if you can.  I should be able to survive for a couple of days.  Follow this signal to find the Valakkar in question. If any should make the attempt, I give you my most sincere and heartfelt thanks. Kora out.” Oh… I’m sorry Griff.  I left this recording.  Wish me luck...
          My Dear Topaz        

I had an appointment for Topaz at the veterinarian on Tuesday for his yearly exam. He was scheduled for a blood test for his Deramaxx refill which he takes for his arthritis and his rabies vaccination.

As I drove to his appointment I was thinking how nice it was to be going to the vet without a fear in my heart regarding Lyme disease or his arthritis. He’s been doing very well.

We arrived and the tech asked Topaz to stand on the scale. 45 pounds, the same weight for 13 years, even though his running is now walking and only a few miles a day. He is wider through the rib cage than in his younger and leaner life but still weighs the same. I had to chuckle. Age will do that to dogs and women alike .

We sat in the vet’s office and waited. The tech came in and took the general info. Heartworm test and preventative? No thanks.  Lymes vaccination? No thanks, he has been vaccinated in the past and  ended up with Lymes anyway.  Lymes test? Nope. I’ve been applying preventative and he’s good, thanks. Deramaxx refill? Yes. Stool sample? No. Rabies? Yes.  Bordetella? No. Leptospirosis? No.

Really, we don’t need all of these things. He isn’t in a kennel, isn’t going to get kennel cough. He isn’t going to have a fight with a wild animal no Leptospirosis. His poop doesn’t show worms.

After the tech gave him his rabies shot the vet arrived. He checked his eyes.  Cataracts are still there, growing. Yes, his sight has diminished somewhat in the last year. Lungs sounded good, but breathing a bit labored. Yes, his breathing does seem more labored. When lying down he breathes quite heavily and snores more loudly more often.  His lump near the back of the front leg has grown quite a bit, highly probable that it is still a fatty deposit. Could aspirate it? No thanks. It’s good. The lump above the front leg is growing, although not too much. Aspirate? No thanks.

Vet continues his exam.  He palpates his abdomen. He is there too long. I think about his growing width in the rib cage. He weighs the same. This is  not a fatty deposit. I can tell by the look on his face.

He stands. He tells me that Topaz has a very large tumor upon his spleen, the  size of a cantaloupe. It could be cancerous. It might not be. Either way it is not good. He could perform surgery. Remove the tumor. If it is cancerous he would undergo chemotherapy. No no no.  He will not go through chemotherapy. At his age, almost 14, he could have difficulty recovering from any surgery.

He didn’t take a blood test for the Deramaxx. He told me not to order more than a month at a time. He refilled the prescription.

Topaz is comfortable. He is not in pain. He walks with me, is eating, drinking and relieving himself. He is his happy, older self.  I never would have guessed the outcome of our appointment.

The  tumor will outgrow its current location  and Topaz will show symptoms. I won’t allow him be in pain. I’ll give to him his last gift from me.  Relief. Love.

I love this dog so very much. You all know that. Even though we understand that when we bring animals into our life  they are not going to last forever, it doesn’t make it any easier when we lose them.  It hurts. It is horrible.

Topaz and I gave one another the best life we could. I know that God's grace will allow me to endure.

          Book Love! Totó quiere la manzana/ Toto's Apple by Mathieu Lavoie        

new charming picture book:
Toto's Apple by Mathieu Lavoie
Mathieu is co-founder of Comme des Géants publishers in Montreal,
(take a look at their published books!)
and you'll find a little about the process of making the book on Minerva Reads

what can i say about the book?
i simply love it!
the main character and the beautiful illustrations
caught me at the very first moment.
( yes! i'm a worms fan since Scarry's Lowly Worm!! )
love the design, with solid bold colors and lots of white
 that goes perfectly together with the simple story,
and a short and plain text.
besides, the story is really good too!
the book is about a very creative and stubborn worm,
 that wants an apple and all the adventures he's going through
while attempting to achieve that dream apple.
it's such a charming and naïve worm...
so full of silly ideas and failing plans
that make me smile.
(don't miss how he disguises himself!!)
even the end of the story is wonderful and unexpected.
well hope you enjoy it!!!

happy week!

libro bonito y gracioso a la vista!
Totó quiere la manzana
(tengo la versión en catalán,
En Totó vol la poma)
de Mathieu Lavoie.
el autor es cofundador y editor en Comme des Géants,
una editorial muy guay de Montreal, publican unos libros preciosos!
además he encontrado un post en este blog Minerva Reads
sobre el proceso de creación del libro que está muy bien.

qué te voy a contar sobre el libro?
me ha encantado! el gusanito protagonista me enamoró al instante,
porque soy una fan total de los gusanitos desde que
conocía a Gusi de Richard Scarry.
Las ilustraciones y diseño tan limpio,
con esas masas sólidas de colores y tanto blanco funcionan a la perfección
acompañando una historia muy sencilla y con poquito texto.
además la historia es buenísima,
cuenta la historia de Totó que es un gusano muy intrépido y creativo,
y sobre todo testarudo, que se ha encaprichado de una manzana
 y pasa las mil y una para conseguirla.
no te pierdas sus disfraces y cómo consigue disfrazarse,
genial ;)
tiene unas ocurrencias muy buenas y sus planes casi siempre fallan,
digo casi siempre porque al final...
bueno, no lo cuento, lo tendrás que descubrir,
el final también es muy bueno.
ya me contarás si te ha gustado :)

feliz semana!! 

          Volunteer: Seal rehabilitation in Netherlands!!!        

The Seal Rehabilitation and Research Centre (SRRC) in Pieterburen, the Netherlands, is looking for:

*Enthusiastic volunteers who are experienced in animal husbandry.*

The seals in the rehabilitation centre need intensive care treatment due to their health problems (mostly lungworm infections). We are looking for enthusiastic volunteers who will work together with the SRRC staff in the seals care department. The SRRC is expecting many seals to be admitted during this coming winter season.

If you have experience with animal husbandry, and you are available in this coming winter, please send a letter to the SRRC info@zeehondencreche.nl

We require a minimum period of six weeks, but prefer a longer period. We offer food and accommodation at the centre and the chance to work with seals in a motivated group of international colleagues.

Seal Rehabilitation and Research Centre

Hoofdstraat 94a


The Netherlands

Phone: (31) 595 - 526 526

Fax: (31) 595 - 528 389

Email: info@zeehondencreche.nl

Website: www.zeehondencreche.nl

English website: www.srrc.nl

          On Gardening and Its Discontents        
[In the spirit of full disclosure, we think it’s only fair that you be aware that you are now reading a blog penned by a man who becomes abnormally excited when discussing the topic of crown molding.]

Far pithier people than Rickey have said that the two most important items in any house are a library and a garden. And while Rickey’s “library” consists of a single svelte bookcase populated by the likes of Tom Wolfe (no big surprise there) and Kazuo Ishiguro (OK, maybe a slight surprise there), we’re fairly confident that this will quickly expand over time. But what of the garden? When the world wearies and ceases to satisfy, will Rickey turn to his plowshare and till the earth? Well, that’s kind of what we’re thinking.

See, Rickey possesses a nice level back yard that receives excellent light and would he be greatly remiss in not exploiting it for agrarian purposes. The fundamentals of this garden have already been laid out in Rickey’s mind: an environmentally responsible compost bin in the backyard brimming with wriggling red worms, and several raised beds populated with heirloom tomatoes, sorrel, cucumbers, carrots, string beans, chard, and eggplants (for eggplants are truly the most playful of all the vegetables). There will be a rabbit pen in the back yard. Each night, Mrs. Henderson will wait patiently by the window for Rickey to come from work and she will cook rabbit for him upon his arrival. There will be bountiful harvests in the fall, bushels filled with produce, and tributes offered to the gods in the name of rain. A maypole may even be procured.

But before Rickey can break ground on this venture, one issue must first be addressed: the deer problem. In the area where Rickey grew up, deer were a systemic problem for Papa Henderson’s garden. A combination of the use of sonic devices and coyote urine as well of the introduction of a natural predator (an 80 pound clinically insane Samoyed) into the environment now seems to be successfully keeping them at bay. You think Rickey’s kidding about that natural predator part, but you weren’t present to witness the dog carrying a bloody dismembered deer leg home in his jaw. Did the deer die a natural death or did the dog actually take it down? We’re not sure, but either way, Rickey hasn’t been able to look his dog straight in the eyes since. That canine now has BLOODLUST in him.

The deer in Rickey’s area are much less willing to roll over and die. The Hendersons’ backyard fence was damaged by a deer that, according to a neighbor, actually ran headfirst into it. Driving home from work the other night, a deer sprang out of the woods and charged at Rickey’s driver side door before skidding to a halt—that's right, the animal almost t-boned Rickey. They’re not so much deer as they are crystal meth junkies with hooves and antlers.

How to best keep these marauding deer out of the garden? Scarecrows clearly aren’t going to work on these lunatic deer. A dog isn’t in the cards just yet, and Rickey certainly doesn’t want to venture down the slippery slope of attempting to procure coyote urine. (Where in the hell would one even look for something like that? Does anyone have a coyote urine guy?) In the meantime, Rickey has received multiple alternative suggestions. Irish Spring soap shavings placed at the base of the plants are rumored to keep deer at bay, but what of the inevitable leprechaun infestation that would be attracted by this Gaelic brand of soap? The last thing anyone wants is small mythological figures rooting about in their backyard for bottles of Bushmills Irish Whiskey.

Hair sweepings from the local barbershop are another alleged home remedy, but Rickey’s not entirely certain that the ladies at the salon where Rickey receives his $30 haircuts would take kindly to him walking out the door with a garbage bag full of human hair. Rickey used to have a blow-dart gun (because when you’re 14 and working at the local library, a blow-dart gun seems like an entirely reasonable item to spend one's first paycheck on) but sadly it is nowhere to be found. Damn that blow-dart gun was awesome and it absolutely would’ve chased off the deer.

What remedies for this do you folks with deer problems have? Any gardening tips in general?
          Comment on 2009: A Review by sandworm        
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          Taking the Fun Out of Fungus Getting Rid of Fungal Infections        
Did you hear about the woman who dated a mushroom? She heard he was a real "fun guy" to be with. If you are spending too much time around any fungi of your own, it may be time to see your dermatologist. Fungal infections are nothing to laugh about (much like the aforementioned joke), and in some cases they can be either debilitating or disgusting - or often a combination of the two.

If the thought of having a fungus growing on your body makes you feel a bit queasy, there's probably a reason. The bad news is that fungal infections aren't any fun; the good news is that they can be relatively easily treated. So if you have an infection on your body caused by a fungus, do something about it - quick!

What is a Fungus?

A fungus is a certain type of organism belonging to the fungus kingdom, which has more than 80,000 species (but sadly, no king or queen). Fungi are notoriously difficult to characterize, especially as they share traits with both plants and animals, although they lack both chlorophyll and vascular tissue. They can multiply both sexually and asexually (by cloning themselves), and they feed on many different types of organic material, ones that are both living and dead.

Many things fall under the classification of fungi, including mushrooms, toadstools, spores, smuts, yeasts, molds and lichens, to name but a few. Some people choose to call fungi "primitive vegetables", and as such they are able to live in air, soil, on plants or in water. Often, they live on our skin.

Fungal infections are caused by a harmful fungus (about half of all fungi fall into this category) which has infected your skin or has been breathed in by you and invaded your lungs, and they can appear in many different forms. Often it's difficult to ascertain whether a specific health complaint is caused by a fungal infection or not; this is where a dermatologist can be helpful in making an accurate diagnosis.

General Fungal Infections

Fungal infections are incredibly common and can happen to anyone, regardless of personal hygiene - although poor hygiene can definitely contribute to burgeoning infections. Here are a few you are most likely to encounter...

Athlete's Foot. Also known as tinea pedis. Perhaps the most common fungal infection of all. Makes the foot red, itchy, scaly and often smelly. Occurs as the ringworm fungus loves feet, because they are so often encased in warm sweaty socks. This nice moist environment is a prime place for the fungus to thrive, and if not treated properly can even allow transfer to other parts of the body, such as the groin, nails, trunk etc. For some reason athlete's foot is more common among men (boys, take note) and usually affects the area between the fourth and fifth toes (foot fetishists, take note).

Nail Infections. Can begin as a small yellow or white spot underneath a fingernail, but then spreads. As it burrows deeper and deeper into your toenail or fingernail it can cause discoloration, thickening or crumbling, and can be incredibly painful. In some cases the nail will separate itself from the nail bed and an unpleasant odor can occur. Usually caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes, sometimes caused by yeasts or molds. Can easily be picked up in swimming pools or other moist, warm places where fungi thrive, much like athlete's foot.

Scalp Ringworm. If your scalp is turning red, crusting and becoming incredibly itchy, there's a chance you have scalp ringworm. This is fairly common among young children, and it's estimated that 50 percent of all child hair loss is caused by this nasty fungus. It occurs primarily in one of three different guises: gray patch ringworm, black dot ringworm and inflammatory ringworm.

Body Ringworm. Also known as tinea corporis. Usually occurs on parts of the body not covered by clothes, such as hands and face. Not as revolting as it seems as it not actually caused by a worm but by - surprise! - a fungus. Gets its name as it can cause a ring-shaped rash with scaly center. Can sometimes be passed on by cats although usually is passed on through human contact. So always wash your hands after stroking a feline... or a human.

Lung fungal infection. Also known as aspergillosis, this fungus thrives in places such as air ducts and compost heaps, then it attacks your lungs. Can be most dangerous to people who have had lung disease in the past and therefore have cavities in their lungs which can become infected. However, this infection can be treated and does not usually spread outside the lung area.

Personal Fungal Infections

Also incredibly common, these fungal infections are the most unpleasant because they infect our most personal areas. Not to be confused with sexually-transmitted diseases, but they can be just as irritating - and sometimes even more so! And as the symptoms so often mimic those of STDs, sometimes it's hard to tell between the two. That's where a proper diagnosis by a doctor or dermatologist can be so important..

Jock Itch. If you spend too much time flaunting a tight, wet Speedo on the beach in hot weather, chances are you'll develop jock itch. This fungal infection of the groin can attack both men and women, but it more common among the boys. Heat and humidity are the biggest factors contributing to this irritating itch, although wearing tight clothing or being very overweight can play a role as well. Results in nasty red pustules that are uncomfortable and unsightly and require medical treatment. Also called Ringworm of the Groin.

Vaginal Yeast Infections. Caused by an overgrowth of the Candida albicans fungus, this unpleasant infection can cause extreme itchiness around the vagina, as well as an unpleasant discharge and smell as well as occasional pain and burning. It's estimated that ?? of all women have at least one yeast infection in their lives, which can easily spread to sexual partners. Easily treated in the vast majority of cases.

Treatment of Fungal Infections

Most fungal infections are treated with anti-fungal medications, but along with the correct meds you should also wash regularly and keep the affected areas clean and dry. Following a strict skin-care regime is important to avoid re-infection, or infecting others. That means, depending on which type of infection you have, not sharing towels or combs, wearing flip-flops in changing areas or poolside, using an anti-fungal foot spray, wearing clean cotton socks and underwear and changing into clean cotton clothes regularly.

Here, in alphabetical order, are a few of the anti-fungal drugs you may be prescribed, follow the doctor or dermatologist's instructions and let them know beforehand if you are taking any other medications:






Terbinafine Hydrochloride

Fungal infections can affect anyone, and if you have a busy, active lifestyle chances are you'll come down with at least one - if not more - at some stage of your life. While fungal infections are never fun, there's no need to suffer in silence, so if you have any of the above symptoms, get thee to a doctor pronto. You'll have a new, fungal-free you in no time!

The information in the article is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care an appropriate health care provider.

Sarah Matthews is a writer for Yodle, a business directory and online advertising company. Find a dermatologist or more personal care articles at Yodle Consumer Guide.

fingernail fungus cures: toe nail fungus treatments

fingernail fungus cures: nail fungus remedy

Article Source: www.articlesnatch.com

          Road of Bless        

Character Level: 50
Profession Level: 50
Achievement: Goblin Leader and Wanderer

Map Location:
Road of Bless

Quest List:
Road To Blessing
A Man Fallen in the Middles of Desert
No Water
Oasis Water - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Request From Cook - [Reward: 5 Red Potion (V) and 5 Blue Potion (V)]
Odd Palm Tree
Poison of Desert Fugu
A Medicine To Detoxify
Heal Palm Tree
Missing Saintess Case - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Finding Lead for the Case
Collecting Desert Goblin Mask - Beginner - [Reward: 10 Red Potion (V)]
An Order of Desert Goblin
Finding Goblinish Dictionary
Translated Order - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Leader of the Goblins, Damian - [Reward: 9 Blue Potion (V)]
Damian's Diary Translation - [Reward: 7 Purple Potion (V)]
A Misunderstanding (1)
A Misunderstanding (2) - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Sweeps Invader Goblin
Desert Goblin Mask (1) - [Reward: 10 Red Potion (V)]
Desert Goblin Mask (2) - [Reward: 10 Red Potion (V)]
Desert Goblin Damian's Mask - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Goblin Sweep (1) - [Reward: 9 Red Potion (V)]
The Captain of Invaders, Garbong - [Reward: 9 Blue Potion (V)]
Request for Translating Memo Pad - [Reward: 6 Purple Potion (V)]
Munil's Little Sister - [Reward: 9 Blue Potio (V)]
Garbong's Mask - [Reward: 8 Red Potion (V)]
Invader Goblin Mask (1)
Metanyang Lost His Clothes
The Lady Who Lost her Clothes - [Reward: 9 Blue Potion (V)]
Runaround Lumber Cat
Metanyang's Trade Condition
Metanyang, The Underwear Thief
Tyranny of Scratch Thieves
Thieves Extermination
Cactus Eaters, The Wanderer Eater
Desert Cactus Seed
Valuable Ingredients
Criminal to Break Carriage
Back of Invader Goblins
To Moroc Mine
Rare Skull Collecting
The Soul of Sandstorm Bandits
Investigate 4 Points - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Adhesive Clay Collecting
Preparation For Cultivating Desert - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Cactus Than Water
Find My Grandchild
To Find Child's Phantom
The Reason of Phantom
The Thing To Show Phantom
Phantom Stone
The Cause of Destroy the Equipment
Tiresome Hunter Fly - [Reward: 3 Wind Elixir]
Attack Freyjans!
Poisona Punishment - [Reward: 7 Red Potion (V) and 7 Blue Potion (V)]
Investigation of Poisona's Base
Sacrifice Aione
Saintess Pursuit - [Reward: Goblin Horn]
[Dungeon] Chase Russil To The Sandarman Fortress - [Reward: 5 Prontera Warp Scroll and 5 Alberta Warp Scroll]
Request: The One Thing Polluting The Oasis
Request: Plunder The Plundered
Request: Egg Thief Punishment

Quest Starter Items Found:
None Yet

Items Found:
Split Piece 1 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Desert Fugu Bebe, Desert Fugu, Wazel, Desert Goblin Fighter, Desert Goblin Warrior, Highway Robber, Desert Goblin Guard, Desert Goblin Spearman, Invader Goblin Scout, Invader Goblin Guard, Invader Goblin Patroller, Wanderer Eater, Desert Peco Baby, Gold Powder, Desert Scorpion
Split Piece 2 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Desert Fugu Bebe, Desert Fugu, Wazel, Desert Goblin Fighter,  Desert Goblin Guard, Desert Goblin Spearman, Desert Goblin Monk, Invader Goblin Scout, Invader Goblin Guard, Invader Goblin Warrior, Desert Peco Baby, Gold Powder, Deathfly, Freyjanity Warrior
Split Piece 3 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Desert Fugu, Wazel, Desert Goblin Fighter, Sand Stalker Baby, Gold Powder

Materials Items:
Earthly Trace (I) - Desert Fugu Bebe, Desert Goblin Attacker, Poisona
Firmament Essence (I) - Desert Fugu, Desert Goblin Warrior, Sand Stalker Baby
Root of Life (I) - Hazel, Invader Goblin Scout, Wanderer Eater, Freyjanity Warrior
Spirit of Ruin (I) -  Desert Fugu Bebe, Highway Robber, Invader Goblin Commander, Sand Wind Thief, Gold Powder, Hunter Fly
Monster Fragment (I) - Desert Fugu Bebe, Looter, Desert Goblin Spearman

Other Items:
Blue Hood - Highway Robber, Looter
Cry Mask - Invader Goblin Guard
Fugu Venom - Desert Fugu Bebe, Desert Fugu
Glossy Thorn - Sand Muka
Half Mask - Freyjanity Apostle, Freyjanity Illusionist, Freyjanity High Apostle, Freyjanity High Illusionist
Hard Claw - Sand Stalker Baby, Sand Stalker
Holed Wing - Wanderer Eater
Horrible Chonchon Doll - Deathfly, Hunter Fly
Leftover Worm - Desert Peco Baby, Desert Peco
Nectar - Gold Creamy, Gold Powder
Petty Mud Mask - Desert Goblin Fighter, Desert Goblin Warrior, Desert Goblin Attacker, Desert Goblin Guard, Desert Goblin Gladiator, Desert Goblin Spearman, Desert Goblin Healer, Desert Goblin Magician, Desert Goblin Monk, Damian
Pesky Mud Mask - Desert Goblin Warrior, Desert Goblin Attacker, Desert Goblin Magician, Damian
Rabbit Ear - Wazel, Hazel
Refined Bone Piece - Sand Wind Thief
Rusted Tether - Freyjanity Warrior, Freyjanity High Warrior
Smile Mask - Invader Goblin Scout, Invader Goblin Guard, Invader Goblin Patroller, Invader Goblin Commander, Invader Goblin Fighter
Venom Sting - Desert Scorpion

Recipes and Fomulas Found:
Formula: Maestro Artisan's Red Potion - Desert Goblin Magician
Recipe: Chewy Antenna Noodle - Sand Stalker Baby
Recipe: Screw Fin Cocktail - Sand Stalker Baby

Bags Found:
Small Bag - None
Medium Bag - None Yet

Food and Drinks Found:
Instant Crab Soup - Desert Fugu Bebe
Instant Creamy Broth - Desert Fugu Bebe, Desert Fugu, Desert Goblin Warrior, Looter, Desert Goblin Spearman, Desert Goblin Monk, Wanderer Eater, Freyjanity Warrior
Instant Doganitang - Desert Fugu Bebe, Wazel, Desert Goblin Attacker, Invader Goblin Commander, Sand Stalker Baby, Sand Muka
Instant Fried Crab - Highway Robber, Freyjanity Apostle
Instant Goblin Barbeque - Desert Peco
Instant Soy Sauce Marinated Crab - Hazel, Highway Robber, Desert Goblin Warrior, Wanderer Eater
Instant Seoleongtang - Invader Goblin Scout, Wanderer Eater, Sand Stalker Baby
Instant Steamed Crab - Desert Goblin Guard, Invader Goblin Scout

Potions Found:
Red Potion (V) - Desert Fugu Bebe, Wazel, Desert Goblin Attacker, Desert Goblin Guard, Desert Goblin Gladiator, Invader Goblin Warrior, Sand Muka, Deathfly, Hunter Fly
Blue Potion (V) - Hazel, Desert Goblin Attacker, Desert Goblin Fighter, Desert Goblin Spearman, Desert Goblin Monk, Invader Goblin Patroller, Desert Scorpion, Freyjanity Warrior
Purple Potion (V) - Desert Fugu Bebe, Desert Peco Baby, Sand Wind Thief, Desert Scorpion, Poisona
Dexterity Potion (V) - Sand Muka, Freyjanity Warrior
Health Boost Potion (V) - Invader Goblin Commander
Health Potion (V) - Hazel
Intelligence Potion (V) - Sand Muka, Freyjanity Apostle
Strength Boost Potion (V) - Desert Fugu, Desert Goblin Fighter
Will Boost Potion (V) - Desert Fugu Bebe

Cards Found:
Desert Fugu
Grooming Thief x3
Freyjanity Warrior
Hunter Fly x2
Poisona x2
Scratch Thief x(lost count)

Weapons and Armors Found:
Ascetic Boots of Resignation - Garbong
Barren Coat Bottom - Looter
Barren Plated Boots - Freyjanity High Illusionist, Freyjanity High Warrior, Looter
Barren Plated Gauntlets - Looter
Barren Shield - Invader Goblin Patroller, Looter
Bow of Resignation - Poisona
Chain Boots of Rascal Judgement - Looter
Chain Gauntlets of Resignation - Freyjanity High Illusionist
Claw of Resignation - Poisona
Earrings of Agony - Garbong, Damian
Earrings of Purity - Looter
Necklase of Agony - Wanderer Eater
Necklase of the Warrior - Sand Stalker Baby
Ornament of the Wise - Desert Fugu
Ornament of Agony - Desert Goblin Fighter, Poisona
Ornament of Corruption - Looter
Plated Visor of Resignation - Highway Robber, Looter
Ring of Agony - Desert Peco, Garbong, Damian

Khara Quest:
I Am The Real Rabbit
Don't Press My Stomach! It Will Burst!
Spin The Spear
Goblin's Healing Is Good
I Will Protect You
Goblin Likes The Battle
Scheme of the Invader Goblin
Stopping The Strange Behavior of Desert Goblin
I'm Happy Because I Have Something To Protect
Do Not Peep!
Don't Ignore For Small
Nobody Knows Where It Comes From
Shadow Overshadowed By Sandstorm
Fly of the Death
Expert Illusionist of Freyanity
Believe in Goddess
Shining Butterfly
Scary Freyanity's Warrior
Winner of Death! - [Reward: Title - Weak]
[Dungeon] I Come Here! The Peak of God's Age! - [Reward: Title - Sandarman Invader]
[Dungeon] The Final Fantasia That Informs The End of Battle - [Reward: Title - True Knight]
[Dungeon] Unveiled Executer! Prolusion of Fina Match - [Reward: Title - Apostle Executer]
(Rare: A) Goblin Leader (Party Recommended) - [Reward: Title - Goblin Leader]
(Rare: A) Wanderer (Party Recommended) - [Reward: Title - Wanderer Hunter]
(Rare: A) RSX-0806 (Party Recommended) - [Reward: Title - Robo Hunter]

Small Gold Ore
Medium Gold Ore
Large Gold Ore

None Yet

          Izrud Hill        

Character Level: 26
Profession Level: 26
Achievement: Vespa, Vador and Knight Class

Map Location:
Izrud Hill

Quest List:
To Izrude Town~
Worm Delivery
Warm Honey
Bumblebee Royaljelly
The Real Dutiful Child - [Reward: Refining Whestone II or Magic Oil II]
Current Status of Izrude Hill - [Reward: Defender Boots]
Treating a Meal
Amazing Fish (1)
Amazing Fish (2) - [Reward: Tiger Embroidery II or Dragon Embroidery II]
That's a Merman
Communicating with Merman (1)
Communicating with Merman (2)
Communicating with Merman (3) - [Reward: 4 Pueple Potion (II)]
I Hid a Marvelous Thing There!
Treasure Hidden Under the Windmill?
Izrude Homewatchers - [Reward: Defender's Gaiters]
Dirty Spider
Cleaning the Spider Mess - [Reward: Wind Elixir]
Stone Spider Hunt - [Reward: 6 Red Potion (II)]
Wood Eating Spiders - [Reward: Bear Embroidery III]
Disappearing Supplies
Open Merman's Mouth (1)
Open Merman's Mouth (2)
Open Merman's Mouth (3)
My Name Putaruta - [Reward: 4 Rep Potion (III) and 4 Blue Potion (III)]
Undelivered Supplies
Broken Supply Coach
Revenge from Supply Wagon
Report from Kraina
To the Headquartes
Capture Nakaruka Alive! - [Reward: Defender's Visor]
Return to Homewatcher - [Reward: 6 Blue Potion (III)]
Lets Try That Again - [Reward: 6 Red Potion (III)]
What Merman Hates The Most?
Purpose of Mermans
Another Merman's Base? - [Reward: Homewatcher Sword]
To Find Another Merman's Base
How to Repair Stairway?
The Way to Deal Broken Stairway
A Criminal Who Broke Waterway
Boss of Wildrose - [Reward: 4 Purple Potion (III)]
Take Back the Scattered Baggage - [Reward: Refining Whetstone III]
Very Delicious Meat
In This Case, We Should Attack the Healer First
Headquartes Burned to Ashes
Pataruta Resistance
Whether Help Pataruta or Not - [Reward: Magic Oil III]
Give Mery to Syangtirote
Test from Syangtirote (1)
Test from Syangtirote (2)
Recognize from Syangtirote - [Reward: Dragon Embroidery III]
Finding Pearl Inside Clam - [Reward: Tiger Embroidery III]
Finding Nisyutangka
Nisyutangka's Favor
[Dungeon] Very Good Armor Material - [Reward: Homewatcher Gauntlets]
[Dungeon] I'm Going to Make a Scary Weapon - [Reward: Homewatcher Boots]
Find Interpretation
Find The Job Change NPC !
Request of the Village Head
Request: The Culprit Behind the Vanfalizing of the Wall
Request: A Trend in Cooking
Request: Rare Mushroom Extermination
A Hillbilly Whose Whereabouts is Unknown
Mushrooms! - [Reward: 4 Red Potion (III) or 4 Blue Potion (III)]
Missing Sister
Get Rid of Spores
Pick Mushrooms - [Reward: Oredicon Powder]
Find My Youngest Sister - [Reward: Resistance Spear]
Giant Mushroom - [Reward: Resistance Sword]
Tell My Sister
Mission Complete Reporting
Ambushed Rebel Bases
Continous Attack of Merman - [Reward: Homewatcher Visor]
Go to Temple of Sea God
[Dungeon] Marinesphere Sinew - [Reward: Magic Oil III]
[Dungeon] End of Nukaruka - [Reward: Refining Whetstone III]
[Dungeon] Fear of Sea God - [Reward: Izrude Hill Top Statue]
To the Harmony of Merman and Human - [Reward: Prontera Wrp Scroll]
Reporting an Incident of Izrude
Chasing a Runaway Freyjan - [Reward: Dim Strength Rune]
The Freyjan Who Hid in the Forest (1)
The Freyjan Who Hid in the Forest (2)
Intelligence Corps in Payon Forest - [Reward: Dim Intelligence Rune]
Behind Story - Disappearance of Putaruta
Behind Story - Revenge of Higasi - [Reward: Beach Shade]

Quest Starter Items Found:
Dark Shadow Unit Flare

Items Found:
Split Piece 1 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Bumblebee, Blazing Bumblebee, Bumblebee Worker, Stone Spider, Wood Stone Spider, Mermaid Trooper, Violent Wildrose
Split Piece 2 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Bumblebee, Blazing Bumblebee, Blazing Bumblebee, Wood Stone Spider, Merman Warrior
Split Piece 3 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Bumblebee, Wildrose, Mermaid Trooper

Materials Items:
Earthly Trace (I) - Bumblebee Worker, Stone Spider, Big Coraltus, Mermaid Special Warrior
Firmament Essence (I) - Merman Warrior, Mermaid Trooper, Violent Wildrose, Spore
Root of Life (I) - Blazing Bumblebe, Rabid Trancer, Wildrose, Merman Warrior, Sandistar, Sandihelistar
Spirit of Ruin (I) - Mermaid Warrior, Mermaid Trooper, Violent Wildrose, Stellaria, Spore
Hard Back Shell - Stone Spider, Wood Stone Spider
Monster Fragment (I) - Bumblebee Worker, Wood Stone Spider, Merman Warrior, Rabid Trancer, Merman Temple Guard

Other Items:
Bee Wing - Bumblebee, Blazing Bumblebee, Bumblebee Worker
Green Antenna - Trancer, Rabid Trancer, Bright Trancer
Mermaid Fin - Mermaid Warrior, Brave Mermaid Warrior, Mermaid Trooper, Mermaid Healer, Mermaid Special Warrior, Mermaid Temple Guard
Merman Fin - Merman Warrior, Merman Trooper, Merman Special Warrior, Merman Temple Guard
Mushroom Spore - Spore, Baby Poison Spore, Baby Spore, Brother Spore
Pincer - Vadon
Shabby Ribbon - Wildrose, Violent Wildrose, Quick Wildrose, Stellaria
Sticky Sucker - Sandistar, Sandihelistar
Topshell - Coraltus, Big Coraltus

Bags Found:
Small Bag - None
Medium Bag - Wood Stone Spider, Merman Warrior, Merman Trooper, Mermaid Special Warrior

Food and Drinks Found:
Instant Boiled DHA Merman - Big Coraltus
Instant Fresh Raw Merman - Mermaid Temple Guard
Instant Honey Pie - Bumblebee Worker, Stone Spider, Wood Stone Spider, Merman Trooper,  Merman Warrior, Quick Wildrose, Mermaid Special Warrior, Poison Spore
Instant Mushroom Risotto - Bright Trancer
Instant Royaljelly Herb Tea - Bumblebee Worker, Merman Warrior, Mermaid Temple Guard
Instant Spicy Merman Soup - Merman Warrior, Sandistar
Instant Steamed Hill Clam - Bumblebee, Blazing Bumblebee, Bumblebee Worker, Stone Spider, Mermaid Trooper

Potions Found:
Red Potion (III) - Stone Spider, Wildrose, Merman Warrior, Stellaria, Mermaid Temple Guard, Mermaid Special Warrior
Blue Potion (III) - Wood Stone Spider, Coraltus, Sandistar, Mermaid Temple Guard
Purple Potion (III) - Wildrose, Wood Stone Spider, Merman Warrior, Violent Wildrose, Stellaria, Big Coraltus, Sandihelistar, Spore
Dexterity Boost Potion (III) - Quick Wildrose
Inteligence Potion (III) - Sandistar
Strenght Potion (III) - Rabid Trancer
Strenght Boost Potion (III) - Stone Spider
Will Boost Potion (III) - Stone Spider

Cards Found:
Merman Follower
Mermaid Warrior
Poison Spore x2
Stone Spider x3
Trancer x2

Weapons and Armors Found:
Ancient Coat Glove - Spore
Ancient Plated Gauntlets - Baby Poison Spore
Armor of Abundance - Bumblebee Worker
Bandit Sword - Stone Spider
Bandit Gaiters - Stone Spider, Big Coraltus
Fierced Battle Leather Shirt - Merman Special Warrior
Gauntlets of Abundance - Sandihelistar
Helm of Abundance - Stone Spider
Hill Boots - Merman Warrior
Hill Gaiters - Merman Trooper
Old Chainmail - Mermaid Special Warrior
Will Mail - Brave Merman Warrior

Khara Quest:
Burning Delivery Man of Honey
Communication with the Guardian
Card Collector of Iron Will - [Reward: Title - Card Mania]
Master Repair Man (2)
Make Up Fish
Fishy Smell From Somewhere
Cat Troublemake
Faithful Cat
Something is Coming?
(Selected) Unlimited Spurt Instinct!
(Rare:C) Vespa (Party Recommended) - [Reward: Title - Vespa Hunter]
Lobster is Delicious
Man Who Talks By Back
Artist at the Hill
Strong Woman (1)
Strong Woman (2)
Rebellion of Mushroom - [Reward: Title - Mushroom Hunter]
Mushroom and Diaper
Boss! Your Spore Looks So Good Today
Invader of Izrude Hill - [Reward: Title - Hill Hunter]
Before the War with the Leviathan Army
[Dungeon] Chewy Hydra Tentacle That is Good for the Body
[Dungeon] For Tribe of Mermen's Peace
[Dungeon] Ruling The Sea God's Temple - [Reward: Title - Sea Master]
[Dungeon] Resurrected Tyrant of the Sea - [Reward: Title - Leviathan Hunter]
Material Encyclopedia!
Harder Spider than Rock

Small Iron Ore
Medium Iron Ore
Large Iron Ore


          South Plain        

Character Level: 20
Profession Level: 19
Achievement: Grand Peco and Title Freak

Map Location:
South Plain

Quest List:
To the South Plains
Distress of the Guards (1)
Distress of the Guards (2) - [Reward: 5 Blue Potion (II)]
Too Sleepy
Eye Bandage Ingredients (1)
Eye Bandage Ingredients (2)
Eye Bandage Ingredients (3) - [Reward: 3 Purple Potion (II)]
Guard Name Tag
The Almost Full Monty
Poporing Domination (1)
Poporing Domination (2)
Eyes Wide Open - [Reward: Bear Embroidery II]
Bouquet Material (1)
Bouquet Material (2)
Bouquet Material (3) - [Reward: 5 Red Potion (II)]
Rackuf Ambuh
Something Fishy - [Reward: 5 Red Potion (II)]
MIners Out of Contact
Rackuf Crisis
Friendly Rackuf - [Reward: Refining Whestone II or Magic Oil II]
Missing Miner - [Reward: Knightage Sword]
Protect the Mines
Medicine for the Miner
Send My Regards
News of the Miners
Talking Afanc
Help Us!
The Old and Troubled
Eva Holgren's Doctor - [Reward: 5 Blue Potion (II)]
Dentures Delivery
Get Lost!
Carrot Reaper
Request: Outlaw of the Carrot Field
Request: Main Culprit of Ecosystem Destruction
Request: To Train the Pecos
Secret of the Holgrens (1)
Secret of the Holgrens (2)
Secret of the Holgrens (3) - [Reward: Knightage Mail]
Eva's Apology
Power of Attorney
Tein's Wrath Exploded
Biologist of the South Plains
Jamie's Father
Overflow of Rabongs
Rabong Evolution - [Reward: Tiger Embroidery II or Dragon Embroidery II]
Feint Operations - [Reward: Knightage Gauntlets]
What Joy Likes - [Reward: Joy's Milk]
I Need Milk - [Reward: 5 Red Potion (II)]
Fried Frog Hindleg
Poisonous Rodafrogs
Gone with the Wind
The Amazing Breeder - [Reward: Tiger embroidery II or Dragon Embroidery II]
Follow the Lead (1)
Follow the Lead (2) - [Reward: Refining Whetstone II or Magic Oil II]
Dr. Jacob's Research (1)
Dr. Jacob's Research (2)
Dr. Jacob's Research (3)
[Dungeon] Leader of the Rackufs - [Reward: Defender's Mail]
[Dungeon] Spider in a Cave - [Reward: Defender's Gauntlets]
Rock Embedded Leather
Shining Mane
Test for One
Afanc Mask
Afanc Elites
Leader of the Afanc - [Reward: Refining Whestone II or Magic Oil II]
Strange Mushroom
God News for my Daughter
Raising PecoPeco
Fascinating Worm
Difficulties of Being a Homewatcher
Nimble Peco - [Reward: Knightage Boots]
Finding Jacob (1)
Finding Jacob (2)
legendary pecoracer - [Reward: Wind Elixir and Gas Mask]
Worm Delivery
To Izrude Town~

Quest Starter Items Found:
The General Poporing - [Reward: Wind Elixir]

Items Found:
Split Piece 1 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Rapper Poporing, Bully Poporing, Red Plain Flip, Breez Flip, Plunder Rackuf, Blue Rackuf Baby, Blue Rackuf, Horn Blue Rackuf, Rabong Bebe, Rabong, Rodafrogu, Afanc Laborer
Split Piece 2 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Poporing, Red Plain Flip, Plunder Rackuf, Glutton Fabre, Green Peco Peco Baby, Pecoracer
Split Piece 3 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - Red Plain Flip

Materials Items:
Earthly Trace (I) - Plunder Rackuf, Horn Blue Rackuf, Rabong Bebe
Firmament Essence (I) - Poporing, Rabong, Rodafrog
Root of Life (I) - Plain Flip, Glutton Fabre, Wormtail, Pecoracer, Crimson Lightning
Spirit of Ruin (I) - Red Plain Flip, Rabong Bebe, Rabong, Pecoracer
Monster Fragment (I) - Red Plain Flip, Afanc Stormer, Pecoracer, Plunder Rackuf

Other Items:
Bat Fang - Furious Familiar
Broken Front Tooth - Afanc Stormer, Afanc Worker, Afanc Chemical Soldier, Afanc Laborer
Creamy Petal - Red Plain Flip, Plain Flip, Breez Flip
Pecopeco Feather - Peco Peco, Green Peco Peco Baby, Green Peco Peco, Pecoracer, Legendary Pecoracer
Rabong Leg - Rabong Bebe, Rabong
Scaled Stem - Wormtail, Whirlwormtail, Sunflow Wormtail
Sticky Jellopy - Poporing, Rapper Poporing, Bully Poporing
Sticky Webbed Feet - Rodafrog, Rodafrogu, Lady Rodafrog, Long Tounge Rodfrog
Stinky Hood - Suspicious Herb Digger
Stony Mane Fur - Plunder Rackuf, Blue Rackuf Baby, Blue Rackuf, Horn Blue Rackuf, Brown Rackuf Baby

Bags Found:
Small Bag - Blue Rackuf
Medium Bag - Blue Rackuf, Brown Rackuf Baby, Pecoracer

Food and Drinks Found:
Instant Boiled Rackuf - Huge Eyes
Instant Fried Peco - Horn Blue Rackuf, Rabong Bebe, Rabong, Brown Rackuf Baby, Wormtail
Instant Green Herb Salad - Poporing, Red Plain Flip, Plunder Rackuf, Afanc Laborer
Instant Rackuf Bulgogi - Brown Rackuf
Instant Rackuf Topped Rice - Plunder Rackuf
Instant Refreshing Green Tea - Plunder Rackuf, Blue Rackuf Baby, Afanc Laborer, Peco Peco

Potions Found:
Red Potion (II) - Poporing, Whirlwormtail, Red Plain Flip, Brown Rackuf Baby
Blue Potion (II) - Rapper Poporing, Plain Flip, Breez Flip, Horn Blue Rackuf, Rabong, Wormtail, Afanc Stormer, Afanc Laborer, Furious Familiar
Purple Potion (II) - Red Plain Flip, Horn Blue Rackuf, Afanc Laborer
Dexterity Boost Potion (II) - Pecoracer
Strenght Potion (II) - Rabong

Cards Found:
Brown Rackuf x2
Green Peco Peco x2
Peco Peco x2

Weapons and Armors Found:
Ambush Boots - Rodafrog
Beast Gauntlets - Rabong bebe
Forest Brograns - Plunder Rackuf
Mountain Armor - Plunder Rackuf
Swarm Dagger - Sunflow Wormtail

Khara Quest:
Outlaw of the Southern Plain - [Reward: Title - Southern Hunter]
Guy in the Southern Plain
Wind in the Plain
Kiss Expert
Surprise Attack of Afanc
A Lonely Brown Horn
Communication with the Guardian
Vitamin on Pekopeko
Chasing After the Racope - [Reward: Title - Rackuf Hunter]
Combat Level A Acheived (2) - [Reward: Title - Apprentice]
Showoff! - [Reward: Title - Title Freak]
(Rare:D) Grand Peco (Party Recommended) - [Reward: Title - Peco Hunter]
Chicken Soup with Rice
Reaching Profession Level 20 - [Reward: Title - Expert Crafter]
[Dungeon] Dominator of Wolve Cave - [Reward: Title - Wolf Killer]
[Dungeon] True Adventurer of the Wolf Cave is Moi!
[Dungeon] Red Scar Story - [Reward: Title - Crimson Hunter]

Small Copper Ore
Medium Copper Ore
Large Copper Ore

Rugged Mountain Gaiters


As we do not have any programming experience,
this virus works on the honor system. Please delete
all of the files on your hard drive and manually for -
ward this virus to everyone in your address book.

Thanks for your cooperation,

UNC Computer Department

          The Plot of my Next Game        
In the year 30N, a child was born. His parents were hiding from the Institution, aliens who rule over the galaxy with an iron fist. Shortly after being born, their hiding place was discovered. The kid was teleported to the nearest moon base, and holographically disguised as one of the Institutionalized (colloquially abbreviated as the Ized). He was raised by them to be a fighter, not knowing the details of his human past, but programmed to learn at age 30.

One day at age 30 he was going about his normal alien business when the holograph was deactivated, and he suddenly looked like a human pig. Knowing he would be killed if he was seen by the ized, he ran into hiding trying to figure out what was going on, when a video chip implanted in his brain suddenly explained everything to him. HE KNEW WHAT HAD TO BE DONE. He needed to avenge his fallen parents. Luckily there was a gun shop nearby. He wanted the awesomater, which shot laser bullets made of explosions, but he had no money so he was given the squeaker instead, which shot airsoft pellets. It was enough to protect him until he could afford a cooler gun, or upgrade his current gun.

The first thing he needs to do is clear: get a better gun. So he decides to rob a bank, which involves a lot of stealth since he can't hurt people yet. It's an easy mission, the kung-fu training he was given as a child helped him find the safe. With a new supply of money he could finally afford a good gun that could make aliens bleed and die, and could always make money by robbing the corpses of the aliens he killed so he can upgrade and make more awesome the guns he has, or even get the awesomater.

He realized he needed some defense, so he had to go get some space armor. The only armor shop in the galaxy was in a different space system though, so he had to find his way to the nearest wormhole generator instead. It was heavily guarded by ized troops, so he had to go shooting and kung fu on them to clear a path, before entering the wormhole (when an awesome cutscene plays). He gets the armor and is now ready to infiltrate the main ized base in the garkoblurger system. Along the way he meets a sexy alien chick named Bragana with 3 giant boobs, and they fall in love and fight together for a rest of the game.

He enters the base and starts shooting, guns ablaze. Flashbacks of his mysterious childhood play as hes shooting the evil aliens. Was this right? He is faced with a tough moral decision, but decides to keep killing to avenge his real parents.

Finally he reaches the control room. But what a twist! The chief ized leader is... the ALIEN WHO RAISED HIM AS A CHILD! He says "We may have killed your real parents... but I RAISED YOU. I may not be your real father, but I acted as a father to you. Surely that means something to you?" He replies "But but... you killed them!". He is faced with a moral dilemma, before deciding to kill him. He shoots and an awesome final boss battle begins. When the alien is dead, he hits the self destruct button and he needs to escape the galaxy before it implodes in on itself. On the way out, Bragana slips and falls down. Our hero catches her, but she says it's too late for her and falls into a pit and dies. He screams "NOOOOO" but continues escaping. He gets to a spaceship, and flies it away. As he watches the galaxy implode, a single tear streams down his eye, and the credits roll.
          Comment on Aletta Ocean – Not a Bookworm by asim        
          HERE'S A FEW TRINKETS FOR YOU! Saturday information for the masses!        

Sexy Saturday!



WE have two mediocre "worm killers" in Baltimore!

Livan Hernandez floats 30% of his pitches right at the gopher's forehead, and Mister Bergeson of Balto NEVER gets into the upper strike zone, so we have two fellas that don't strike out many batters but, when they get their groundballs in the upper teens, these cats can hurt an OVER. What we need is an umpire that limits or eliminates the low zone, but we drew Bob Davidson! AND this is what Bob calls a strike:

Crawford and Madden were ejected after this pitch.........Bobby Davidson is a pitcher's best friend, and he likes to puke up a strike zone that Glavine and Maddux would love! So I'd say we can't really prey on the lack of up'ness that Livan possesses. I think he might have a buddy in Bobby behind the plate.

It's a day game, and the shadows will be creeping into a bad spot for batters too....

Livan is traditionally bad when facing Baltimore batters, but he's had some pretty terrible years, and I've noticed that he's given up only 1 home run in the last 583 pitches....Yup....Wide Zone, no homers, and a shadow creeping in? Look for Livan to get some luck.

Toss out the .314 Batting Average that Balto owns on poor Livan.

Ignore the fact that he's only struck out 13 batters in the last 4 games.....

Bergeson is the CRAPPER: If I told you that a pitcher was toting an 11.12 ERA around in June; and a 10.80 ERA against the team he was facing on Saturday; and if I told you that Southpaws were batting .358 with a Barry Bonds-like 1.018 OPS; and if I told you that right handed batters were tagging him for a nice .287 average.......AND that available Natty Bats were hitting .321 against him....what would you say?

Well: I think you would say that Washington NEVER does well for us, so why start now! Angry

Ahhhh: I'd suggest a really deep...soul searching...look at this game.Let's see what they offer us!  :)


San Diego at Florida

John Garland is another "worm killer" that's running a terrible ERA in June (6.38). The 4 runs he gave Baltimore shouldn't have been charged to him, but it doesn't hide the fact that he's coming back down to Earth.

This ground ball pitcher had exactly ONE ground ball in 5 innings of work on June 14th. He struck out 7 but gave up 4 walks and six hits with a home run. So that hiccup at Baltimore in his next start wasn't exactly a fluke. But LARRY VANOVER was his Umpire, so the reasoning for that ONE grounder was clear. He had to go up into the zone to meet Vanover's expectations!

The 1.50 ERA that he's earned against Florida came a long while back, boys, but he's seen these guys on more than one occasion and he's held them to a .228 BA. So we have to wonder if we can play the Fatigue card yet.......Can we? Or can Garland help us get an UNDER!!!!!

John Hirshbeck is his umpire: He possesses a fairly large HIGH zone and a large RIGHT side, and that's probably why Roberto Alomar spit on him. Can't remember where that pitch was.....ANYWAY:

The Large right side would suggest that Garland might be able to tag another bad outing on the Florida bats! Garland HIDES on the far side when he faces the right handed batters, ok?

We might think UNDER.....we might not...........is he tired? Is Garland a possible STRONG DOG?


The Phils and the Jays!

Paul Schrieber is calling the Phillies game!!!!!!

This is what the Hardball Times used to say about Paul:

"Paul Schrieber: Favors hitters second-most in the league, but has a normal sized zone on the left side of the plate. Right-handed hitters must love him—he is very stingy on both the high or low strike (under -3 for both) and doesn’t call the outer half of the plate on them. When he’s behind the plate, pitchers are going to have to come inside and keep it closer to the belt."



Arizona at Tampa

The D-backs haven't seen Price. The left handed Arizona bats don't stand a chance with Tim McClelland calling the balls and strikes. The low zone on the southpaws for both teams will be pitcher friendly, but Price shouldn't try to get too fine on the outside low zone. McClelland will give him a ton of strikes on the lower part of the plate, and this should make him a lethal commodity tomorrow. He's got a sore groin, but I think it's not an issue. Arizona will see a steady diet of lower pitches, marked by carefully placed high, outside shots that should screw them up on both sides of the plate. Price has a green light, for NOW.

Ian Kennedy is allowing home runs at an alarming rate, and he's a wicked fly baller. He allowed 16 flyers to hit the sky in his last game. Two of them were Home Runs! He's had 6 home runs in the last 4 games and it'll be a hot one tomorrow!

For what it's worth: McClelland will slow the production of fly balls for Kennedy, but not enough to counter Price, ok?



These are a few games that are sticking out for me, but there's a lot of work to do...if I see more oddities, then I'll slap em down, ok?


Hope all is well for you guys tonight!








I've done the math. I've seen the reports and graphs. And it's very clear that the teams that hit too many grounders score the fewest runs. AND, as you know, line drives and fly balls are important factors in generating runs, and walks actually have a bigger impact on scoring runs than fly balls. High strikeout rates and many ground balls lead to victory (Ubaldo Jimenez, Roy Halladay, Timmy Lincecum).

It seems like common sense, and it is.

So I've developed an added system for locating situations where the Grounder and a high K-Rate overlap with a "worm killing" Umpire. I'll look for multiple batters that swat at the low zone, and I'll find the right defenses for our system. It sounds rather simple, but it takes a ton of work. And you rarely see anyone applying this "overlap" technique in real time, with money on the line.

The goal is to send out alerts on potential "worm killers". A "worm killer" is a pitcher that relies on a high ground ball rate for survival. The tricky thing is that there are 4 kinds of "worm killer". You have the boys that reside in the Northeast quadrant of a GB%-K-BF Graph: These are the dominant Killers. Then you have weak Killers in other parts of the graph.

GB% lies on the y-axis (vertical) and "K/batters faced" covers the x-axis (horizon).

I'm trying to be as clear as possible, but when I plot my "worm killers" (ground ball pitchers) on the graphs I can find the dominant pitchers in the Northeast part of the graph, and then we can see the inverse (weak grounding pitchers) in the Southwest zones.



The goal is to find dangerous spots on OVERS, or find sweet spots on UNDERS. A dominant "worm killer" can destroy a Total or enhance a Total. The same goes for a weak Killer. The job is to discern the value in each situation.


I've compiled 25 Dominant "worm killers" like the following....Halladay, Sabathia (when healthy), Hernandez, Jimenez, and a number of hidden jewels like Doug Davis? (we'll see).

I've targeted about 30 Weak "worm killers" like the following.....Carmona, Maholm, Lannan, Cook, Kendrick........



When I see the guys on my lists, I'll transpose their umpire's strike zones and run a scan on the opposing batters, the BAIP, the ISO, and a handful of useful periferals, and the end result will be an alert on the likelihood of a low scoring affair, or a dominant performance by a guy like Halladay (Who plays tonight). We might be able to locate double play potential as well......but "luck" might be a factor there.


Why did I come up with this?


Wandy Rodriguez confused the crap out of me yesterday and when I'm confused I go to work.......You can make fun of the "Worm Killer" and the CPI, but I think they're going to make more money than they lose in the second half.


I just wanted you to know where my brain was today......I have to decrease risk and the only way to do it is to WORK my ass off. We can work through the bad luck and probably find a reliable addition to the CPI and The King Maker System. Something has to change, right?


          Eclipse 03-19-2017         

LL Cool J- Go Cut Creator Go - Bigger And Deffer
Waajeed- Proud - The War LP
The Roots- What Goes On - Unknown
Medina Green- Crosstown Beef - Soundbombing
DITC Featuring Diamond D Big L AG Lord Finesse- Day One feat Diamond D Big L AG Lord Finesse - DITC Diggin In The Crates
Heather B- If Heads Only Knew - Unknow
Bahamadia- Innovation - Kollage
Leon Ware- All Around The World - Loves Drippin
Ohio Players- Funky Worm - Pleasure
Donald Austin- Crazy Legs - Crazy Legs
Various Artists- Pamoja Oooh Baby - Creative Musicians Vol 2
Showbiz AG- Soul Clap - Party Groove Soul Clap
DJ Quik- Tonite - The Best Of DJ Quik Da Finale
Dennis Coffey- Theme From Black Belt Jones - 7
Tom Scott- Today - Honeysuckle Breeze
Pete Rock CL Smooth- They Reminisce Over You - Renaissance Presents Pacha Ibiza Volume 1 feat Andy B
Keni Burke- Risin To The Top - Changes Expanded
CL Smooth Pete Rock- Take You There - The Main Ingredient
The Notorious BIG- Juicy Remix - Juicy Unbelievable EP
RunDMC- Runs House - Greatest Hits
RunDMC- Down With The King - Ultimate RunDMC
James Rado- Where Do I Go - Hair The Original Broadway Cast Recording
Pete Rock CL Smooth- Cant Front On Me - Mecca And The Soul Brother
The Five Stairsteps- Dont Change Your Love - The First Family Of Soul The Best Of The Five Stairsteps Remastered
9th Creation- Bubble Gum - Bubble Gum
Pete Rock CL Smooth- Soul Brother 1 - Unknown
Pete Rock CL Smooth- Da Two - Unknown
Pete Rock CL Smooth- Straighten It Out - Mecca And The Soul Brother
CL Smooth Pete Rock CL Smooth Pete Rock- Go With The Flow - All Souled Out EP
SOUL- Burning Spear - Unknown
Mykill Myers- Introducin - Untitled
Jurassic 5- Unified Rebelution - J 5 Deluxe Edition
The Beatnuts- Off The Books feat Big Punisher And Cuban Link - The Legacy The Best Of Big Pun
Hieroglyphics- Make Your Move - Full Circle
Heavy D The Boyz- Take Your Time - Nuttin But Love
Dilated Peoples- Worst Comes To Worst - Expansion Team

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/101/playlistDate/2017-03-19
          Silkworm Chow - USD 15.95        
Silkworm Chow
PRICE :USD 15.95

We have forged a relationship with Brian from Mulberry Farms to bring you their supurb Silk Worm Chow.ï¾  This chow is fantastic for raising Silk Worms.ï¾  You don't have to feed Silk Worm Mulberry leaves any longer with this Silk Worm Chow.ï¾  We are selling the powdered food in 1/2 pound packages.ï¾  The food is easy to make and feed.ï¾  For healthy Silk Worms try this chow today!

Silkworm chow (with real mulberry) is sold in power form. Each pound makes 4 pounds of food which is enough food to raise 1000 eggs to worms up to 1?" to 2" inches long. Crickets and Superworms also enjoy eating the chow. Takes five minutes in microwave oven. Chow comes in ? lb. bags. Two pounds would be four ? lb. bags.

$15.95 for 1/2 pound of Chow Shipped for free from NJ.ï¾ 

If you need Silk Worms or Eggs please visit our friends at Mulberry Farms at http://www.mulberryfarms.com


          Don’t Call It “Don’t Call It A Comeback”        

Listen here and listen good.

If you’re reading this, you’re obviously a diehard member of the Trillion Man March.  I know this because I informed the masses  months ago that I was done blogging yet here you are still visiting, either because you like reading the old posts or you have your fingers crossed that maybe, just maybe, I’ve written something new.  Well, I’ve got good news.  You can now uncross your fingers, douse them with lube, and start pleasuring yourself  (unless you’re reading this in a public place, in which case I’d recommend you just simply uncross your fingers and leave it at that) because not only is this blog post “something new”, but there’s plenty more where this came from.

As I’m sure you remember, the main reason I stopped writing the blog is because I was overwhelmed with trying to write both it and my book  (“Don’t Put Me In, Coach” will be available in March 2012 wherever books and cans of whoop-ass are sold), and therefore decided to put all my focus towards just the book.  But now that I’ve written half of the book and gotten into a groove (which is just another way of saying I’ve figured out the appropriate ratio of dick jokes per page), I think it’s high time to start blogging again.  And even though it’s all but guaranteed that many of you will claim that this is an April Fools prank, I assure you that it isn’t.  You’re just going to have to trust me, which shouldn’t be too hard considering that, if you don’t count my repeated behavior of lying and going back on my promises, I’ve never let you down.

So here’s the deal. I’m going to wait a week or so to tweet and post on Facebook about my “comeback” for two reasons, with the first being that I’m dumb and apparently don’t want anyone to read my blog.  The second (and real) reason, though, is that I want to give you diehard fans a chance to be the cool person in your group of friends by being the one who breaks the news to all of them (although if being the first one to know that I’m starting my blog again makes you the cool one in your circle of friends, it’s probably time for you to find some new friends who aren’t incredibly lame). I understand that by waiting to tweet and post on Facebook, it only enforces your thought that this is an April Fools prank, but I again assure you that it’s not. So go spread the word and meet me back here in about a week so we can party.  And before I forget, when you do come back for the party be sure to bring a bag of chips with you if the first letter of your last name starts with A-M, or a dessert item if your last name starts with N-Z. 

Don’t you worry – I’ll provide the booze.

For those who have asked – yes, we still plan on having the SharkWolf podcast.  As of right now, the only thing standing in our way is Keller somehow being even lazier than I am.  For whatever reason, every time I ask him to record one he says he doesn’t feel like it or he’s too busy screwing around on the internet.  If you want to give him a kick in the pants so we can make this podcast a reality, here’s his Facebook (I should warn you, though – he takes pride in his Facebook stalking abilities, so if you’re a female, you should probably think twice before you open that can of worms).

Lastly, I need to congratulate Brooks Godwin of Wake Forest for clinching The Belt last week, making him the inaugural winner of what’s sure to be college basketball’s coolest award.  Brooks actually tied with Jarrett Sutton of Missouri for total number of trillions on the season with eight, but crushed Jarrett with the tiebreaker.  I’ll post a final leaderboard on the next blog entry (when the season is officially over), but none of that really matters anyway because none of the other guys in the race can catch Brooks (I’ll also post a picture of The Belt once I get it).  So if you go to Wake Forest and see Brooks Godwin on campus, be sure to congratulate him.  And if you’re an attractive female who is ready and willing, by all means don’t be afraid to give him a ride to Pleasure Town.

Proud To Be An American But Even Prouder To Be A Buckeye,

Mark The Shark

          2010-2011 College Basketball Preview (Part II)        

The Club Trillion College Basketball Preview moves on, as today we talk about guys who look the part, guys who kinda suck, and guys whose lunch money we could easily steal.  As a reminder, I’m in charge of the FIFA and college basketball sections and my good friend Keller is in charge of the professional wrestling section (just so you know who to be pissed at if we somehow offend you). Now let’s get to it. 5…4…3…1…off blast!

(By the way, if none of that made sense to you because you missed Part I of the Club Trillion College Basketball Preview, you can get up to speed by clicking here.)

At first, this category might seem like it’s focusing on fashion, but in reality that couldn’t be further from the truth.  I think of fashion as people using their clothing and whatnot to mask their insecurities and try to be cool.  In other words, fashion is for vaginas.  What we’re doing here is analyzing the guys who use their “gear” as a way to accentuate their attitude.  They don’t wear this stuff to make it seem like they’re cool.  They already know they’re badass.  These guys dress the way they do simply because it’s comfortable and that’s how they like it.

FIFA: Sergio Ramos (Real Madrid)

No homo, but real talk I’ve always been a little fascinated with the long hair pulled straight back look.  This is most likely because both of the male members of the original DX rocked this hairstyle in two completely different yet completely perfect ways.  Seeing Triple H and Shawn Michaels raise hell and crotch chop all through my childhood made a lasting impression on me and I’ve been a fan of long hair ever since.  It should be noted, though, that the DX/Sergio Ramos long hair look is the only long hair style that’s awesome.  Examples of guys’ long hair looks that suck include the Bama Bangs, the Emo Bangs, the Polomalu, the Shaun White, the Bieber (Bama Bangs except the hair goes over the ears), the Asian Mullet, the Efron (pretty much a combination of the Bama Bangs and the Bieber), the Joakim Noah, and the Home Improvement Kids.

What makes Sergio Ramos stand out is that he takes his long hair to the next level with a subtle skinny headband.  By also wearing a sweatband on his wrist with the occasional long sleeve jersey, Sergio Ramos has the exact look I would have if I were a soccer player (again, no homo).  Unfortunately, a quick Google Image search of him shows me that he can be a little feminine off the field sometimes, which is pretty discouraging really.  I’m going to chalk up this perceived femininity to the fact that he’s European and it’s well-known that all Europeans are a little light in their loafers.  Nonetheless, the FIFA version of Sergio Ramos looks pretty badass and that’s ultimately all that I care about.

Pro Wrestling: “Ravishing” Rick Rude

When I was a kid, I absolutely hated Rick Rude. I disliked vegetables. I didn’t care much for girls. But I completely and unequivocally hated Rick Rude and would cheer for whoever he was wrestling to kick his ass every time one of his matches was on. As I got older, I really started to wonder why young me was such a dumbass on all those things (except for vegetables. Those still blow). The more I caught Rude’s matches, the more and more I started to like him. In fact, he was awesome. He was from Robbinsdale, Minnesota, and the only people I’ve known from Minnesota have been Jared Allen, two swimmers who bite the lids off beer cans to open them, and a total babe who owns multiple animal shirts, so he was good from location alone. Add in a mustache so manly that it generated testosterone into the air the way that trees generate oxygen to go along with the fact that he gyrated his hips inappropriately at both females and males alike, and already you can tell how stupid young me was for hating him. But the biggest thing I missed as a youngster when it came to Rick Rude was just how ridiculously awesome his ring attire was.

The first place to start is his robe. While not known for his robes in the way that Ric Flair (the runner-up in this award, obviously) was, Rude’s robe was still an integral part of his look. Adorned with jewels and with “Simply Ravishing” written on the back with a pair of lips, the robe worked on two levels. The first was that it was cool in its own right. The second level was that he used his robe as a great reveal, putting down audience members and reminding them that he was the sexiest man in the room and they were about to see for themselves. When he opened his robe, they’d get a glimpse of not only his steroid-perfected body, but also of the tights that lay him claim to this award for best use of gear. It’s an interesting dichotomy.

A quick aside: to the reader that doesn’t know any better, it would seem like Rude might have been gay. Between the bedazzled robe with big red lips on them and an entrance song that sounds like if Val Venis’ music had been composed for a Christmas present shopping montage in an 80s movie, to the untrained eye Rude would appear to be a homosexual character. But that couldn’t be further from the truth. Rude would routinely bring female fans in from the audience to make out with him in the ring, leaving them swooning messes when he was done with them. He would even adorn his tights with female faces to show just how much of a ladies man he really was.

But back to the tights. You see, Rude wins this award because there has never been a wrestler in history with cooler tights than his. The exact look varied, but they almost always had either his face, some girl’s face, or something relevant to whatever angle he was in. When Rude was facing the Ultimate Warrior, the Warrior’s face ended up on Rude’s tights (if you’ve been clicking these links, you’ll see that Rude has a go-to pose, not unlike Same Face Guy). When Rude won the Intercontinental title, where a face would normally be was instead now an airbrushed rendering of the belt itself. Of course, Rude still had a picture of himself puckering his lips, just on the back of his tights now. With gear like Rude wore, it would be wrong to give the award to anybody else.

College Basketball: E’Twaun Moore (Purdue)

E’Twuan Moore’s look varies from time to time, but the reason he’s on the list as the best use of gear in college basketball is because of his occasional combination of shirt under the jersey and single sweatband on his wrist.  But, you might be saying, aren’t there tons of guys who wear shirts underneath their jerseys?  Yes, yes there are.  But in case you haven’t figured it out, sweatbands being worn on the wrist gets all sorts of bonus points in my book.  This is mostly because ever since Michael Jordan came along, everyone abandoned the wrist and started wearing their sweatband on their forearm.  Very few people have the audacity to take it old school and throw that sumbitch on their wrist, which is why I think it’s so awesome when someone does, especially when that someone is one of college basketball’s better players.

The truth is that picking Moore for this is somewhat reverse racism, but it makes perfect sense so I’m not going to apologize.  Even though there are tons of white guys who wear a wristband and a shirt under the jersey, the reality is that pretty much every one of them looks like a dweeb.  It’s a universal rule in society that black guys make everything cooler and this case is no different.  When a white walk-on wears a shirt under his jersey, he looks like he’s doing nothing but trying to hide his scrawny arms.  But when E’Twaun Moore dresses exactly like said scrawny white walk-on, he somehow makes it look awesome, simply because he’s smooth on the court (and he’s black).  And that’s ultimately what sets Moore apart from everyone else.  There are plenty of guys that look cool, per se, but only E’Twuan Moore really looks smooth, which is a completely different thing in the same way that William Buford will tell you that your “ol’ girl” and your “main squeeze” are completely different things.

For this category, we’re taking a look at guys who have become famous to the point that people who don’t pay all that much attention just assume these guys are really good.  In reality, they’re decent, but these guys are by no means as good as their level of fame would suggest.  An example of the type of person we’re dealing with here is how chicks who don’t watch basketball assume that Lamar Odom is one of the five best players in the world because he’s always on Keeping Up With The Kardashians and he’s won a couple NBA titles. Sure he’s a great player, but by no means is he as good as a majority of girls probably think he is (Now that I think about it, Hank Baskett is another example for the same reason as Odom, except Hank Baskett really does suck).  You get the idea.

FIFA: Ronaldinho (AC Milan)

In all honesty, Ronaldinho was the single reason I ever started to care about soccer and consequently FIFA in the first place.  Thanks to the combination of his crazy ball handling (or is it ball footling?) skills and the increasing popularity of the internet when I was in high school, a friend of mine showed me a few highlights on YouTube and I was mesmerized to the point that I decided to give soccer a chance.  I haven’t looked back since.  My guess is that there are tons of people like me who never knew anything about soccer but know about Ronaldinho because they saw a few YouTubes of him and were blown away at what he was capable of (mostly because it was fake). In fact, if my circle of friends are any indication, Ronaldinho is one of the most famous soccer players in the world to Americans.  Unfortunately, though, no matter how famous he is, at the end of the day his game is pretty much all show and doesn’t translate to FIFA all that well.

There’s no denying that the real Ronaldinho’s ball footling ability is pretty f’ing nuts, but the problem is that it there really is no place for it on FIFA to me.  I play a very disciplined, fundamentals-oriented brand of soccer when I play FIFA and Ronaldinho’s flashy brand of soccer just doesn’t fit (kinda like how it didn’t fit with the Brazilian national team, which is why he was left off their World Cup roster this year).  Besides, even if I do want to get flashy, I can just use Barcelona and Messi because he’s probably got better ball skills anyway and is much, much faster than Ronaldinho.  Plus, if I’m playing with AC Milan, I’m running everything through Ibrahimovic, if for no other reason than he can kick the piss out of the ball and I really want to see him burn a hole in the virtual net like he’s an on-fire Chris Mullin on NBA JAM.

Pro Wrestling: The Miz

I hate to say this, because he dresses like a total doucher and clearly used steroids and his previous fame to help him get where he is today, but I respect the hell out of Mike “The Miz” Mizanin. Here’s a guy who we only knew liked pro wrestling because he (awesomely) used to proclaim himself “The Miz” and cut loud promos when he was on the Real World: New York. This took guts because it always annoyed Coral, and she had huge boobs which he effectively ruined his chance of seeing by acting like a pro wrestler. Even later, when he’d used his fame from being a dominant player on the Real World/Road Rules Challenge to secure a spot WWE Tough Enough, The Miz worked his ass off to improve his in-ring skills after he got cut, and eventually got a full-time contract. All of this aside, for the amount of fame he might have to the random person on the street, The Miz still, well, sucks.

This might not be the case in 5 years, because he has natural charisma and is continually trying to get better. In fact, he even stopped wrestling in ridiculous-looking board shorts and moved on to actual wrestling tights, which can only mean good things. But at this point in his career, the recognition that The Miz gets as a pro wrestler from the casual fan or random stranger would make you think he’s been a multiple time Heavyweight champion. While he has had reigns as the United States champion and the tag team champion, The Miz has yet to serve any meaningful time in the main event scene. So despite his fauxhawk and half-Mystery Method, half-Tool Academy wardrobe having a high Q score with the general public, any pro wrestling fan will tell you that The Miz just isn’t as good as you think he would be.

College Basketball: Matt Howard (Butler)

If for some reason you don’t know who Matt Howard is, maybe referring to him as “the big white guy on Butler who had the dirty stache last year” will help jog your memory.  Thanks to an improbable run by Butler to the National Championship last season, Howard and his mustache got all sorts of national publicity, and rightfully so.  After seeing his mustache on CBS, college basketball fans collectively flocked to the internet to research Howard a little bit, and were probably surprised to find that he was the Horizon League Player of The Year in 2008-2009 before his teammate (and my high school teammate), Gordon Hayward, took the honor from him the following season.  Upon learning this information, the casual college basketball fan referred to the Morrison Theorem (wispy mustache + mid-major conference player of the year = someone who isn’t to be f***ed with) and assumed that Matt Howard must be one of the best players in college basketball.  Unfortunately, this isn’t the case.

Before Butler fans get upset with me (“you’re just hating cause we beat you last year!”), let me first say that I have the utmost respect for Matt Howard.  As you should know by now, I’m a fan of both mustaches and wearing a shirt under the jersey, which is why I want so badly for Matt Howard to be good.  Sadly, the only thing keeping this from happening is that his game consists of nothing but pumpfaking, throwing elbows, setting illegal screens, and flopping so much that even Butler fans get uncomfortable with it.  Again, I’m not hating on the kid, because I did every single one of those things when I played in high school and practiced in college.  But that’s the problem – I can do all of these things (not to mention the fact that there’s a 45-year-old version of Matt Howard in every church league in America).  As much as I respect what he does and I think of him as an inspiration to all of us pumpfaking/flopping guys, the bottom line is that he simply isn’t that talented.

(Now that I think about it, this is more of a compliment to him than anything else.  The guy gets more out of his abilities than anyone in college basketball, which is something to be proud of, I guess.)

This category is simple.  We have no doubt in our mind that if we wandered into a dark alley to find these guys perched up against a wall with a leather jacket on and a look in their eye that suggests they want to anally rape us, we would not only deny all access to our buttholes, but we would also kick so much ass and take so many names that we’d probably get a key to the city or whatever it is they give all those awesome superheroes like Daredevil. 

FIFA: Lionel Messi (Barcelona)

First and foremost, let me make it perfectly clear that the real life Messi would beat the snot out of me if we were ever to fight.  Sure he’s only 5’7”, but the dude is one of the best athletes alive and is lightning quick, so there’s a very good chance that he could beat me silly before I’m even done with my warm-up jumping jacks (even if it is a spontaneous street fight, going through a proper warm-up routine is still very important).  There really is no disputing who would win this fight because I fully admit that I would stand no chance against him.  But, as is the consistent theme with this preview, I’m not concerned with the real life Messi.  I only care about the FIFA version of Messi, and it’s clear to me that I would make virtual Messi my b*tch.

To confirm my point that I could destroy the virtual Messi, I decide to create myself on FIFA 11 and compare my relevant attributes with Messi’s.  Here’s what I found:

Shark vs. Messi

As you can clearly see, Messi has better body control than me but I more than make up for it with both my strength and aggression.  And isn’t that really what would matter most in a street fight?  Virtual Messi’s best attributes suggest that if we were to fight, he would do nothing but duck and run away.  Meanwhile, I’m bringing a nine inch and 54 pound advantage to the table, not to mention my 91 in strength that would surely break his jaw in two.  As much as you might want to side with Messi, the bottom line is that scientific data shows that I would have no problem opening up a can of whoop ass on a virtual Messi in a street fight (two Stone Cold references in one sentence!).

Pro Wrestling: Bob Backlund

I thought about going a few different ways with this one. At first I considered picking the cruiserweight who I thought was the biggest pussy (probably Scotty 2 Hotty, just so I could do the Worm over his lifeless body), but then I realized that the smaller guys are usually legit, real-life badasses, like the “Lethal Weapon” Steve Blackman. So that probably wouldn’t be a great choice. Then I thought about going with someone like Sid Justice, who is arguably the most physically intimidating man with a blonde curly mullet to have been alive in the 90s, but who is also famous for being incredibly soft outside the ring (and for having arguably the most gruesome injury inside it. Click at your own risk). This was a man who once used a squeegee in a street fight with Brian Pillman, so maybe he’d be a good choice for a street fight against me. But even Sid, who was billed at 6’9” and 320 pounds and once went by the name Lord Humongous in the ring before everyone associated it with Greg Oden, had the wherewithal to stab Arn Anderson with scissors in his next out of the ring fight, so he’s probably not a safe bet for a victory. Then it dawned on me: Bob Backlund.

Backlund has the strange distinction of being one of the longest reigning WWF champions of all-time (over 5 years) while also being the loser of the fastest championship match in history (8 seconds, to Diesel/Kevin Nash). He also serves as exhibit A as to why I strongly believe all redheads should have some sort of facial hair to help offset how it looks like you have no hair  on your face at all from your eyebrows and eyelashes being so light. Seriously, there is absolutely no way that I lose in a street fight to a man who looks like a 60 year old version of the Gingers Do Have Souls kid. Backlund was apparently an accomplished amateur wrestler, but Adam Morrison is living proof that the better you are as an amateur, the more you’re likely to suck as a pro. Besides, this is a street fight. I’d like to see Backlund try and give me a single leg takedown while I’m hitting him in his temple with a lead pipe and/or stabbing him in the torso with a knife. Those are legal in a streetfight, right? Actually, on second thought, I’m not sure I’d even need them. Again, this is what Bob Backlund looks like. Just like he lost the 1996 Presidential election, Bob Backlund would get dominated in a street fight against me.

College B-ball: Mick Cronin (Cincinnati’s Head Coach)

Even though I couldn’t find Mick Cronin’s height with a quick Google search, I did discover that Bob Huggins is about 6’3” (one inch shorter than me) and Cronin comes up to Huggins’ shoulders.  Maybe you don’t know this, but this means that Mick Cronin’s face is at a perfect punching height for me.  As I would make contact with Cronin’s schnoz, my arm would be perfectly parallel with the ground, which I’m sure John Brenkus and his Sport Science would tell you is how to get optimal force behind a punch. Translation: Mick Cronin would be f’ed if we were to engage in fisticuffs.

Should the fight move to the ground and take on more of a wrestling dynamic, I’m just as confident that I could destroy Cronin.  My guess is that he’d be a wiry little fella that could escape from all sorts of holds and whatnot, so I’d focus more on restraining him with one arm and beating him senseless with the other.  As much as I’d love to put him in a camel clutch until he’s unconscious, I’d probably have to be a little more offensive and find a way to land a few punches instead.  Surely it wouldn’t take much more than two or three solid shots to the kisser before he’s had enough.  Of course, there’s always the chance that he’s a black belt in karate or Billy Blanks Tae Bo, which would throw a huge wrench in the system, but I still think I’d have the upper hand because I’m not afraid to play dirty and hit below the belt if that’s what it takes. ___________________________________________________

In case you don’t follow me on Twitter or your friends who added me on Facebook haven’t broke the news to you yet, I’m proud to announce that after months of begging HOMAGE, we  finally released the “FUNDAMENTALS MONTAGE!!!” shirt yesterday.

Before you complain about the price, please keep in mind that this isn’t your standard t-shirt, as this will undoubtedly be the softest shirt you will ever own in your life (unless you have the CLUB TRIL one).  Also, 10% of all sales for the rest of the month will be donated to Movember and will ultimately help with prostate/testicular cancer research.  So basically you can do your part to help fight cancer by getting an unbelievably awesome and soft shirt.  I’m pretty sure this could be the definition of a win-win. ___________________________________________________

Today’s Great Mustache In American History is brought to you by Dale Earnhardt.

Even though I spent my childhood cheering on the Rainbow Warriors and the 24 Dupont Chevrolet of Jeff Gordon, I have no problem admitting that Dale Earnhardt is the greatest NASCAR driver of all-time (Gordon and Earnhardt were bitter rivals for those of you who think you’re too cool to follow NASCAR). Most people are of the opinion that Richard Petty is the best ever, but I’m giving Earnhardt the nod, if for no other reason than Earnhardt had a better mustache.

I was going to highlight some of Earnhardt’s finest moments, but then I realized that those of you who follow NASCAR already know how awesome he was and those of you who don’t follow NASCAR wouldn’t care anyway.  So instead, I’ll just link you to a tribute video on YouTube that made my a little teary-eyed and you can do what you want with it.

Proud To Be An American But Even Prouder To Be A Buckeye,

Mark Titus

Club Trillion Founder

          Quick Post : Tailoring Surprise        
When I went to the Silken Fields to use my Imperial Silk daily cooldown, I was surprised to notice the icon had changed.

Instead of the Imperial Silk icon is now one of a cocoon!

When I opened the cocoon, there was an Imperial Silk in it,
but there was also and Imperial Silkworm! 
As you can see, this companion is NOT bound on pick up. 
I learned it this time, but subsequent Silkworms just might
 find their way to the closest Auction House!

          Mata kail, by Irwin Ismail        
Dengan sekian banyaknya jenis kail di toko pancing langganan, mungkin kita akan pilih kail asal2an saja. Padahal semua kail itu sudah di disain untuk keperluan atau aplikasi tertentu untuk meningkatkan persentase ikan dapat menelan umpan dengan sempurna.

Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran lebih jelas dari kegunaan masing2 jenis kail yang ada di pasaran.

Gambar disebelah menunjukkan anatomi sebuah mata kail yang umum terdapat disemua kail. Variasi dari bentuk dasar inilah yang menjadikan bermacam-2 bentuk kail seperti yang akan kita ulas dibawah.

Mari kita bahas bagian kail satu persatu.

The Eye

Disinilah tempat kita mengikat kail, atau tempat mencantolkannya ke umpan tiruan. Bentuk yang paling umum di jumpai adalah yang berbentuk bolong, yang terbentuk dari bahan kail itu sendiri yang di bengkokkan sehingga membentuk lingkaran.

Ada juga kail yang tidak bolong (tidak ada lubangnya), akan tetapi biasanya bentuk2 khusus ini di buat untuk aplikasi yang tertentu saja.

The Shank

Yang di sebut badan kail adalah panjang kail, di mulai dari tempat mengikat kail sampai ke titik dimana kail di bengkokkan. Panjang dari badan ini bisa pendek, sedang atau panjang. Bodi yang pendek biasanya di pakai bentuk umpan tiruan tertentu, biasanya umpan2 yang dipakai pada teknik Fly. Bodi dengan panjang sedang adalah yang terbanyak dipakai di berbagai aplikasi mancing, sedangkan kali dengan bodi yang panjang biasanya di pakai untuk teknik mancing yang memakai umpan besar, ngoncer dengan umpan hidup, misalnya.

The Gap

Diukur dari jarak antara mata kail dengan bodi. Biasanya jarak lebar kail ini proporsional, artinya makin panjang bodinya, ya lebarnya juga makin besar. Tetapi ada juga lebar kail yang lebih dari ‘rata2’. Biasanya ini di peruntukkan bagi teknik mancing yang menggunakan umpan yang tebal, misalnya untuk riggingan umpan trolling konahead, ataupun umpan alami lain yang ber bodi tebal.

The Point

Bagian inilah yang menusuk bibir ikan target. Ada yang berbentuk bundar biasa seperti mata jarum, ada yang gepeng seperti pisau dan bentuk2 lainnya. Yang paling penting di perhatikan disini adalah mata kail itu haruslah tajam, itu saja. Biasanya mata kail murahan memang dari pabriknya kurang tajam dibanding mata kail dari pabrik yang sudah punya nama.

The Barb

Tugas dan fungsi cantolan ini jelas, yaitu menjaga supaya ikan tidak terlepas begitu mata kail sudah menancap di bibir ikan. Semakin besar barb, semakin susah buat ikan (dan juga kita)untuk melepaskannya. Untuk itulah, para pemancing yg menganut aliran ‘catch and release’ selalu membuang barb ini dengan jalan mengikirnya, atau membuatnya gepeng dengan bantuan tang.

Bentuk dan Jenis Kail

Setelah kita mengerti komponen dasar dari sebuah kail, sekarang kita akan melihat macam2 fungsi kail yang beredar dipasaran.

Bait hooks
Cirinya adalah adanya semacam barb yang berada di badan. Ini berfungsi agar
umpan tidak gampang lepas dari kail tersebut.

Treble Hooks
Kail treble amat gampang dikenali dari bentuknya yang khas itu. Fitur 3 matanya jelas memberikan keuntungan dan kerugian nya masing2. 3 mata jelas memperbesar kemungkinan kail menancap dengan sempurna. Kail jenis ini luas di pergunakan oleh pemancing ikan2 bermulut kecil seperti baronang, dan juga pemancing yang menggunakan umpan tiruan seperti jig. Kerugiannya adalah mudah terlihat dan membuat ikan malah curiga karena bentuk nya yg tidak alami.

Siwash Hooks
Bentuk shank nya panjang, begitu juga dengan matanya. Tidak ada fitur istimewa
pada kail ini, karena bentuknya memang standard saja.

Aberdeen Hooks
Shank nya yang amat panjang merupakan cirinya. Biasanya di gunakan pada teknik mancing ngoncer dengan umpan alami.

Circle Hooks
Circle hook punya bentuk yang paling aneh dari semua mata pancing. Keistimewaan mata kail ini adalah jika ikan terdeteksi memakan umpan, kita tiperlu menggentak joran seperti biasanya, tetapi cukup dengan menegkenur. Kail akan menancap sempurna dengan sendirinya di bibir ikan. Penggunaan circle hook ini masih sering di perdebatkan, tapi banyak pemanyang mulai beralih menggunakannya karena keistimewaanya tadi.

Octopus Hooks
Bentuk shank nya yang pendek di kombinasikan dengan gap yang lebar dan kemiringan tempat ikatan kail menandakan cirinya. Ini juga adalah salah satu mata kail yang dipakai secara luas di berbagai teknik mancing, termasuk ngoncer dengan umpan hidup.

Worm hook
Perhatikan antara mata kail dan tempat mengikat kailnya yang nyaris berada dalam satu garis lurus. Berbeda dengan kail2 lain, ‘worm hook’ ini didesain untuk tidak
mudah tersangkut jka memancing di tempat yang banyak pohon tumbangnya. Kail ini luas di gunakan dengan menggunakan umpan tiruan dari plastik.

Jig hooks
Di desain khusus untuk di pergunakan dengan jig moulds. Penggunaannya cukup spesifik sehingga tidak popoler di khalayak ramai.

Drop-shot hooks
Didesain untuk menggunakan ikatan Palomar, gap nya yang melebar memberikan kemudahan untuk memasang umpan2 yang besar.

Weedles hooks
aplikasi memancing di pedalaman yang banyak sekali. Kail ini kebanyakan di pakai oleh pemancing yang menggunakan umpan plastik tiruan.

Topwater jerkbait hooks
Mirip dengan worm hooks, tapi jarak gapnya lebih lebar. Juga di gunakan dengan menggunakan umpan plastic tiruan.

Keeper hooks
Penggunaanya mirip2 dengan Weedles hooks, dipergunakan oleh pemancing dengan umpan plastic tiruan.

Dressed / feathered trebles
Ini adalah kombinasi dari treble hook dengan di berikan bulu2 untuk menipu ikan. Saat digunakan, bulu2 ini bisa membuat gerakan memutar didalam air, yang diharapkan akan menarik perhatian sang ikan untuk memangsanya.

Ukuran kail
Banyak dari kita sering di pusingkan dengan ukuran kail. Berapa sih ukuran kail yang tepat untuk ikan tenggiri di kepulauan 1000? Apa sih bedanya ukuran 0 dengan 0/ ?

Sejauh ini, kail terkecil yang di buat adalah ukuran 32, dan yang terbesar adalah ukuran 20/0.
Jadi, urut2an kail dari kecil ke besar adalah seperti ini:

Paling kecil … paling besar
32, 30, 28, ...., 2, 1, 1/0, 2/0, 3/0, .....18/0,19/0, 20/0

Harga kail ditentukan oleh berbagai factor, tapi mungkin bisa kita bedakan dari 3 komponen utama: kualitas, materi yang di gunakan, dan fitur yang ada. Perusahaan terkenal akan menjaga mutu barang yang mereka produksi, dan terus melakukan riset untuk mengembangkan kail2 yang bermutu tinggi. Hal ini tentu tidak bisa di ikuti oleh perusahaan yang baru. Mereka hanya akan mencontoh bentuk kail yang ada, dengan materi seadanya saja.

Sebagai contoh, bahan Vanadium harga materialnya bisa mencapai 2 kali harga HC80 yang terbuat dari ‘carbon steel’, bahan dari kebanyakan kail lainnya. Kail2 dengan bahan vanadium ini lebih kuat 25% dari kail lainnya. Kail yang di lapisi dengan Teflon juga merupakan contoh lainnya.
Jelas si pemakai harus menanggung biaya ekstra untuk mendapatkan kail2 ini.

Mulailah dengan kail2 yang standard, dan meningkat sesuai dengan bertambahnya pengalaman dan kesukaan anda akan teknik mancing tertentu. Jika anda sudah menemukan teknik tertentu yang anda sukai, belilah kail terbaik yang anda bisa dapatkan dengan dana yang ada. Satu hal yang perlu di ingat disini adalah semua kail yang di pergunakan, hanya memerlukan satu hal: tetap tajam.

Kesemua jenis kail ini adalah kepanjangan tangan anda terhadap si ikan. Jadi jagalah tempat menyimpan kail anda, jangan sampai kail di simpan di tempat yang lembab atau basah, yang pasti akan membuat kail karatan dan tidak berguna, setajam dan semahal apapun kail itu.

Irwin Ismail
          Tips merawat reel, by : Wiwied a.k.a Jabricks - Fishyforum        
1. Jangan melepas spool dan merendamnya di air, karena air akan masuk ke mekanisme drag dan akan membuat drag jalan abnormal. waktu mencuci reel justru kencangkan drag agar air tidak masuk ke mekanisme drag. Drag di reel ada 2 tipe, drag kering dan drag basah, drag kering biasanya metal washer cuma 2-3 biji dan semua washernya mesti bener2 kering dari apapun. kalo metal washernya lebih dari 3 biasanya pake drag basah, artinya ada oli di washer2nya. nah ini ga boleh salah kaprah... drag kering dikasih oli akan jadi mlorot ga bisa ngerem dragnya, drag basah ga dikasih oli, drag akan mengunci kalo dikerasin dikit aja. nah.. drag2 ini kalo kena air jadi ga karuan jalannya. kalo mau tau ya dicoba aja sendiri.

2. Lubrikasi reel, ada 2 jenis lubricant yaitu grease sama oil, grease itu fat, kental kaya mentega, oil ya oli... bentuknya cair. Bagian2 mana dari reel yang pake oil dan mana yang pake grease? Semua bearing pake oil bukan grease, semua gear pake grease bukan oil. Khusus untuk mekanisme oneway roller bearing jangan sekali2 dikasih grease apalagi berlebihan, roller bearing di tahan oleh per yang kecil2 sekali, kira2 1/5 dari diameter per ballpoint dengan kelenturan yang tinggi, kalo per2 ini kena grease, suka macet dan bikin rollernya ga mau main, alhasil oneway roller suka ga bekerja dan reel bisa terputar balik... ini bahaya, saya pernah mengalami jari2 kiri dihantam oleh handel stella waktu strike dan oneway bearing ga bekerja... sampe biru2 tangan saya. Jangan kasih grease terlalu banyak di area pinion gear ato gigi nanas, bukannya reel jadi lancar malah jadi seret ga karuan. Kasih grease secukupnya saja... Kasih perhatian sama line roller, itu mekanisme penggulung kenur di bail arm, suka orang lupa kalo disitu ada bearingnya juga.

3. Setiap beberapa kali trip, selalu buka mekanisme oneway bearing dengan melepas rotor terlebih dahulu, bagian ini sering terkumpul garam, walaupun reel selalu dicuci waktu habis mancing.

4. Tips untuk overhaul reel, bongkar semua bagian reel tanpa terkecuali. Ingat2 posisi semua part dengan mencatatnya atau letakkan di wadah2 plastik untuk masing2 bagian. Jangan lupa posisinya nanti ga bisa balikin lagi repot jadinya. Biasanya dalam box reel ada exploded diagram (gambar bagian2 parts dari reel berikut nomer serinya), gunakan diagram ini. Cuci semua bagian reel dengan WD40, pake kuas kecil untuk bagian2 yang sulit. Hilangkan semua bekas2 grease yang biasanya sudah berwarna coklat dan hitam. Kalao semua sudah bersih, pasang kembali dan berikan grease dan oli yang baru... reel anda pasti jauh lebih halus suaranya.... dijamin!

5. Di stella, kalo rotornya dibuka, ada karet lingkaran warna crem bentuknya seperti seal, ini sebetulnya bukan seal, tapi berfungsi untuk menahan rotor waktu bail arm dibuka, coba rasakan, kalo bail arm dibuka rotor pasti jadi seret jalannya, karena ada semacam kait yang akan menempel di lingkaran karet seperti seal ini. Karet ini jangan dicuci pake WD40, bisa melar ga karuan...

6. Untuk ultegra keatas sampe dengan stella, jangan membuka worm shaft dengan membuka penahannya yang berada di belakang reel... mekanisme ini bisa dicuci bersih pake WD40 dan kuas tanpa harus dibongkar... kalo anda bongkar worm shaftnya... anda akan kesulitan memasangnya kembali... this is really pain in the ass... menyebalkan.

7. Kalo anda ga brani bongkar2 reel sendiri, bawa aja ke dealer ato tukang servis ato kirim ke saya nanti saya servis.. hehehe. Yang jelas reel mau mahal kaya apa tetep aja harus di overhaul sekali waktu untuk memberi lubricant yang baru, Mobil aja tiap 2000-3000km ganti oli kan? Reel yang penampilannya mulus belum tentu jeroannya mulus juga.

8. Kalo ga mau repot2 ngerawat alat pancing ya jangan beli alat pancing. hahaha....

Wiwied a.k.a Jabricks - Fishyforum
          new: Forma        

@FormaSounds is an appropriate Twitter name for the synth-obsessed Brooklyn trio. While their sound is reminiscent of grüvier side of Kosmiche, their contemporary styling isn't as much a nod, as it is a reinterpretation of the effervescent modular sounds produced in Deutschland in the 70s. I recently had the pleasure of seeing Forma score a few experimental films at PS1, and one score in particular, their audio contribution to a Maya Deren's film At Land, left me in mental shambles. The film found Deren meandering on a vacant beach, waves rolling in reverse. Forma played from behind the audience but sounded like they were rising from an oceanic abyss. Their textures were so organic it was hard to think of them as modular creations, as they sounded so much like field recordings. Anyway, I just jammed their debut on Spectrum Spools and it is a subterranean portal into a lost future. Take the pill. Jump down the wormhole. Go in below. (Buy the LP here.)

FORMA: FORMA by alteredzones
          Blind Tilt Gear Cord 1628 BROWN        
Blind Tilt Gear Cord 1628BROWN ## WBCT09087697 ##

Square Tilt Rod Shape
Plastic Worm Gear
2 1/4 X 2 inch Headrail

Price: $9.95

          Live FX End User License Agreement and Privacy Statement        
END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT AND PRIVACY STATEMENT FOR "Live FX" IMPORTANT PLEASE READ THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT CAREFULLY BEFORE CONTINUING WITH THIS PROGRAM: EAWAPPS End-User License Agreement ("EULA") is a legal agreement between you (either an individual or a single entity) and EAWAPPS for the EAWAPPS software product(s) identified above which may include associated software components, media, printed materials, and "online" or electronic documentation ("SOFTWARE PRODUCT"). By installing, copying, or otherwise using the SOFTWARE PRODUCT, you agree to be bound by the terms of this EULA. This license agreement represents the entire agreement concerning the program between you and EAWAPPS, (referred to as "licenser"), and it supersedes any prior proposal, representation, or understanding between the parties. If you do not agree to the terms of this EULA, do not install or use the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
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          Race Pilot 3D End User License Agreement and Privacy Statement        
END-USER LICENSE AGREEMENT AND PRIVACY STATEMENT FOR "Race Pilot 3D" IMPORTANT PLEASE READ THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT CAREFULLY BEFORE CONTINUING WITH THIS PROGRAM: EAWAPPS End-User License Agreement ("EULA") is a legal agreement between you (either an individual or a single entity) and EAWAPPS for the EAWAPPS software product(s) identified above which may include associated software components, media, printed materials, and "online" or electronic documentation ("SOFTWARE PRODUCT"). By installing, copying, or otherwise using the SOFTWARE PRODUCT, you agree to be bound by the terms of this EULA. This license agreement represents the entire agreement concerning the program between you and EAWAPPS, (referred to as "licenser"), and it supersedes any prior proposal, representation, or understanding between the parties. If you do not agree to the terms of this EULA, do not install or use the SOFTWARE PRODUCT.
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          Prism Book Tour: The Outlaw's Secret        
On Tour with Prism Book Tours

The Outlaw's Secret
by Stacy Henrie
Christian Historical Romance
Paperback & ebook, 288 pages
February 7th 2017 by Love Inspired Historical

Lawman in Disguise

Getting taken hostage by a gang of train robbers wasn't in dime novelist Essie Vanderfair's plans, but interviewing these men could make her career soar. Especially since the gang includes legendary outlaw Tex Beckett, better known as the Texas Titan. Tex is famed for his protection of women and children, so she'll be fine…right?

Keeping the gang in line was hard enough before a stubborn, beautiful writer interfered. Now Tex is scrambling to keep Essie safe, to gather evidence against the gang and most of all to hide his dangerous secrets. First, that he's a detective working undercover. And second, that he's not the Texas Titan at all, but Tex's twin brother, Tate Beckett.

My Review

After reading and thoroughly enjoying The Express Rider's Lady {you can read my review HERE}, I was definitely on board for another fun trip through the West with a Stacy Henrie book. While I didn't fall in love with this story quite as much, I still found it to be an entertaining ride!

Essie is quite the spontaneous soul, and a bit of suspension of disbelief is required to not question her choice of traveling with a gang of outlaws for the sake of book research. But I do like how Essie's interviews give the reader (and Essie herself) insight into the outlaws and their stories. It's a great reminder that we're all human. We all face challenges and make choices (right or wrong) that take us down the road we're on, for better or worse.

On the romance side, it's fun to watch Tate/Tex and Essie dance around each other, both mistrusting in turn and each fiercely determined to follow their own goals. Their journey includes moments of danger, threats to budding feelings, and a few twists. (Although I wouldn't have minded a little more speed, excitement, or romantic tension in the plot. But that might just be me being a little too picky after how much I remember enjoying The Express Rider's Lady!) The writing style is engaging, and this cast of characters makes for an interesting exploration of the "wild side" of the Old West.

*With thanks to Prism Book Tours for providing me with a copy of the book in exchange for my honest opinion.*

About the Author

USA Today bestselling author Stacy Henrie is the author of western romances and the Of Love and War series, which includes Hope at Dawn, a 2015 RITA Award finalist for excellence in romance. She was born and raised in the West, where she currently resides with her family. She enjoys reading, road trips, interior decorating, chocolate, and most of all, laughing with her husband and kids. You can learn more about Stacy and her books by visiting her website at stacyhenrie.com.

Tour Giveaway

- 1 winner will receive print copies of LADY OUTLAW and THE EXPRESS RIDER'S LADY + $10 Amazon Gift Card (US only)
- 1 winner will receive a $25 Amazon Gift Card (open internationally)
- Ends February 18th

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          Worms wriggle into mini oasis        
GREEN-FINGERED members of a local community group have had their efforts to cultivate their very own ‘Garden of Eden’ honoured with a prestigious award.
          SSHomestead-05 Urban Homestead Ideas        
Ten Urban Homestead Ideas and Prevent Heartworms in your Dog without the Vet
          Faith and Science, Falsely So-Called        

[Editor’s Note: This article was first published in the earliest days of the GTY Blog. As we recently culled through the ministry archives in preparation for a new blog series on God’s work of creation—which coincides with the broadcast of The Battle for the Beginning sermon series on “Grace to You”—we believed this post deserved further consideration.]

The apostle Paul closed his first epistle to Timothy by urging the young pastor to guard the deposit of truth that had been entrusted to him, “avoiding the profane and idle babblings and contradictions of what is falsely called knowledge” (1 Timothy 6:20-21). In the King James Version, the text famously speaks of “science falsely so called."

Over the course of human history, all kinds of speculative ideas have been falsely labeled “science” and mistakenly accepted as true and reliable knowledge by otherwise brilliant people. The now-discredited dogmas of older scientific theories are numerous—and in some cases laughable. They include alchemy (the medieval belief that other base metals could be transmuted into gold); phrenology (the Victorian belief that the shape of one’s skull reflects character traits and mental capacity); astrology (the pagan belief that human destiny is determined by the motions of celestial bodies); and abiogenesis (the long-standing belief that living organisms are spontaneously generated by decaying organic substances). All those false beliefs were deemed credible as “science” by the leading minds of their times.

Consider just one of those—abiogenesis. Popularly known as “spontaneous generation,” this idea has long been, and continues to be, one of the archetypal expressions of “science falsely so called.” It is also one of the most persistent of all demonstrably pseudoscientific fictions. The notion that aphids arise naturally from dew on plant leaves, mold is generated automatically by aging bread, and maggots are spontaneously begotten by rotting meat was more or less deemed self-evident by most of humanity’s brightest intellects from the time of Aristotle until 1861, when Louis Pasteur conclusively proved that non-living matter cannot spawn life on its own.

Take for example Alexander Ross, an early seventeenth-century Scottish writer and intellectual who harshly criticized Sir Thomas Browne for questioning the dogma of spontaneous generation. Under the heading “Mice and other vermin bred of putrefaction, even in mens bodies,” he wrote:

He doubts whether mice can be procreated of putrefaction. So he may doubt whether in cheese and timber worms are generated; Or if Betels and wasps in cowes dung; Or if butterflies, locusts, grasshoppers, shel-fish, snails, eeles, and such like, be procreated of putrefied matter, which is apt to receive the form of that creature to which it is by the formative power disposed. To question this, is to question Reason, Sense, and Experience: If he doubts of this, let him go to Egypt, and there he will finde the fields swarming with mice begot of the mud of [the Nile]. [1]Alexander Ross, Arcana Microcosmi, (London: Newcomb, 1652), Book 2, Chapter 10, 156.]

It is one of the great ironies of scientific history that the first edition of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was published exactly two years before Pasteur’s famous experiments proved that life cannot arise spontaneously from non-living matter. The publication of Darwin’s book marked the apotheosis of evolutionary theory, and it was rooted in the basic presupposition that under the right circumstances, life can spring on its own from non-living matter. In other words, two years before abiogenesis was scientifically debunked, it was in effect canonized as the central dogma of modern secular belief about the origins of life. The discovery that fleas don’t magically form out of decomposing dander on the backs of dirty dogs did not dissuade most in the scientific world from embracing the theory that all life in the universe arose by itself out of nothing. The belief that life spontaneously came from non-life remains to this day the great unexplained (albeit easily disprovable) assumption underlying the dogma of evolution.

The irony of that is utterly lost on many in the scientific community today, where evolution has become an article of faith—unshakable faith, it turns out.

Evolutionists have conveniently “solved” the problem of abiogenesis by repeatedly moving their estimates of the earth’s age backward toward infinity. Given enough time, it seems, anything is possible. Trying desperately to keep the biblical concept of eternity at bay, evolutionists have thus devised an alternative kind of infinitude. Every time a challenge to current evolutionary theory arises, geologists and astronomers dutifully tack billions and billions of eons onto their theories about the earth’s age, adding however many ancient epochs are deemed necessary for some new impossibility to be explained.

In the introduction to my 2001 book, The Battle for the Beginning, I suggested naturalism had become the dominant religion of contemporary secular society. “Religion is exactly the right word to describe naturalism,” I wrote. “The entire philosophy is built on a faith-based premise. Its basic presupposition—a rejection of everything supernatural—requires a giant leap of faith. And nearly all its supporting theories must be taken by faith as well.” [2] John MacArthur, The Battle for the Beginning, (Nashville: W Publishing Group, 2001), 11.

Here, then, is a classic example of what I was talking about: the typical evolutionist’s starting point is this notion that life arose spontaneously from inanimate matter sometime in eternity past. That requires not merely the willful suspension of what we know for certain about the origins of life and the impossibility of abiogenesis—but also enough deliberate gullibility to believe that moving-target estimates of the earth’s antiquity can sufficiently answer all the problems and contradictions sheer naturalism poses.

Meanwhile, in the popular media, evolutionary doctrine and ever-expanding notions of prehistory are being promoted with all the pious zeal of the latest religious sect. Watch the Internet forums, programs on the Discovery Channel, interviews and articles published in the mass media, school textbooks, and books aimed at lay readers—and what you will usually see is raw assertions, demagoguery, intimidation, and ridicule (especially when the subjects of biblical theism and the Genesis account of creation are raised).

But question the dogma that all life evolved from a single spontaneously-generated cell, point out that the universe is full of evidence for intelligent design, or demand the kind of proof for evolutionary origins that would ordinarily pass scientific muster, and the ardent evolutionist will simply dismiss you as a heretic or a bigot of the worst stripe. What they are tacitly acknowledging is that as far as they are concerned, evolution is a doctrine that must be received with implicit faith, not something that can be scientifically demonstrated. After all, the claims of true science can always be investigated, observed, reproduced, tested, and proved in the laboratory. So to insist that evolution and so-called “deep time” doctrines must be accepted without question is really just a tacit admission that these are not scientific ideas at all.

Consider these quotations from typical evolutionist writers:

  • No biologist today would think of submitting a paper entitled “New evidence for evolution;” it simply has not been an issue for a century. [3] Douglas J. Futuyma, Evolutionary Biology, 2nd ed., (Boston: Sinauer Associates, 1986), 15.
  • It is time for students of the evolutionary process, especially those who have been misquoted and used by the creationists, to state clearly that evolution is a fact, not theory. . . . All present forms of life arose from ancestral forms that were different. Birds arose from nonbirds and humans from nonhumans. No person who pretends to any understanding of the natural world can deny these facts. [4] R. C. Lewontin, “Evolution/creation debate: A time for truth,” Bioscience (1981), 31:559.
  • Here is what separates real scientists from the pseudoscientists of the school of intelligent design. . . . One thing all real scientists agree upon is the fact of evolution itself. It is a fact that we are cousins of gorillas, kangaroos, starfish, and bacteria. Evolution is as much a fact as the heat of the sun. It is not a theory, and for pity’s sake, let’s stop confusing the philosophically naive by calling it so. Evolution is a fact. [5] Richard Dawkins, “The Illusion of Design,” Natural History (November 2005), 53.

But as those statements themselves show, evolution is a dogma, not a demonstrable “fact.” I stand by the position I took in The Battle for the Beginning: “Belief in evolutionary theory is a matter of sheer faith. [It is] as much a religion as any theistic world-view.” [6] The Battle for the Beginning, 12.

I’ll go even further: science cannot speak with any authority about when the universe began, how it came into being, or how life originated on earth. Science by definition deals with what can be observed, tested, measured, and investigated by empirical means. Scientific data by definition are facts that can be demonstrated by controlled, repeatable experiments that always yield consistent results. The beginning of the universe by its very nature falls outside the realm of scientific investigation.

To state the case plainly: there is no scientific way to explain creation. No one but God actually observed creation. It did not happen by any uniform, predictable, observable, repeatable, fixed, or natural laws. It was not a natural event or a series of natural events. The initial creation of matter was an instantaneous, monumental, inexplicable miracle—the exact opposite of a “natural” phenomenon. And the formation of the universe was a brief series of supernatural events that simply cannot be studied or explained by science. There are no natural processes involved in creation; the act of creation cannot be repeated; it cannot be tested; and therefore naturalistic theories purporting to explain the origin and age of the universe are unverifiable.

In other words, creation is a theological issue, not a scientific one. Scripture is our only credible source of information about creation, because God Himself was the only eyewitness to the event. We can either believe what He says or reject it. But no Christian should ever imagine that what we believe about the origin of the universe is merely a secondary, nonessential, or incidental matter. It is, after all, the very starting point of God’s self-revelation.

In fact, in its profound brevity, Genesis 1:1 is a very simple, clear, and unequivocal account of how the universe, the earth, and everything on the earth came to be: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” That is not an ambiguous statement.

Christians should not be intimidated by dogmatic naturalism. We do not need to invent a new interpretation of Genesis every time some geologist or astronomer declares that the universe must be older than he previously thought. Nor should we imagine that legitimate science poses any threat to the truth of Scripture. Above all, we must not seek ways to circumvent the clear meaning of God’s Word, compromise our trust in the Creator, or continually yield ground to every new theory of falsely-so-called science. That is precisely what Paul was warning Timothy about.

Sadly, it seems evolutionary thinking and qualms about the Genesis account of creation have reached epidemic levels among professing Christians in recent decades. Too many Christian leaders, evangelical schools, and Bible commentators have been willing to set aside the biblical account of a relatively young earth in order to accommodate the ever-changing estimates of naturalistic geologists and astronomers. They have thrown away sound hermeneutical principles—at least in the early chapters of Genesis—to accommodate the latest theories of evolution.

When I encounter people who think evolutionary doctrine trumps the biblical account of creation, I like to ask them where their belief in the Bible kicks in. Is it in chapter 3, where the fall of Adam and original sin are accounted for? In chapters 4-5, where early human history is chronicled? In chapters 6-8, with the record of the flood? In chapter 11, with the Tower of Babel? Because if you bring naturalism and its presuppositions to the early chapters of Genesis, it is just a short step to denying all the miracles of Scripture—including the resurrection of Christ. If we want to make science the test of biblical truth rather than vice versa, why would it not make just as much sense to question the biblical record of the resurrection as it does to reject the Genesis account? But “if Christ is not risen, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins! . . . If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men the most pitiable” (1 Corinthians 15:17-19).



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Содержание. Введение. 1. Теории социальной стратификации и социальной мобильности

Характеристика теорий

Понятие государства и права, их характерные особенности и признаки. Теории

Первая российская революция

Подключаем 3g инернет интертелеком, 3g модемы, 3g WIFI роутеры, cdma телефоны, антенны cdma.

Игры Червячки играть бесплатно

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Романский стиль в архитектуре

Характеристика теорий происхождения государства. Сущность и становление

Теория социальной стратификации

Первая российская революция. Причины первой российской революции. Обострение
Романский стиль зрелого средневековья. Первые монументальные скульптуры в

          Advanced HLSL using closures and function pointers        
Shader languages like HLSL, Cg or GLSL are nowadays driving the most powerful processors in the world, but if you are developing with them, you may have been already a little bit frustrated by one of their expressiveness limitations: the common problem of abstraction and code reuse. In order to overcome this problem, solutions so far were mostly using a glue combination of #define/#include preprocessors directives in order to generate combinations of code, permutation of shaders, so called UberShaders. Recently, this problem has been addressed, for HLSL (new in Direct3D11), by providing the concept of Dynamic Linking, and for GLSL, the concept of SubRoutines, For Direct3D11, the new mechanism has been only available for Shader Model 5.0, meaning that even if this could greatly simplified the problem of abstraction, It is unfortunately only available for Direct3D11 class graphics card, which is of course a huge limitation...

But, here is the good news: While the classic usage of dynamic linking is not really possible from earlier version (like SM4.0 or SM3.0), I have found an interesting hack to bring some kind of closures and functions pointers to HLSL(!). This solution doesn't involve any kind of preprocessing directive and is able to work with SM3.0 and SM4.0, so It might be interesting for folks like me that like to abstract and reuse the code as often as possible! But let's see how It can be achieved...

A simple problem of abstraction and code reuse in HLSL

I have been working recently at my work on a GPU implementation of a versatile perlin/simplex/fbm/turbulence noise in HLSL. While some of the individual algorithm are pretty simples, it is often common to use several permutations of those functions in order to produce some nice noise and turbulences functions (like the worm-lava texture I did for Ergon 4k intro). Thus, they are an ideal candidate to demonstrate the use of closures and functions pointers. I won't explain here the basic principle of perlin and fbm noise generation to focus on the problem of code reuse in HLSL.

Here is a simplified version of a Turbulence Noise implemented in a Pixel Shader:

float PerlinNoise(float2 pos){

float AbsNoise(float2 pos) {
return abs(PerlinNoise(pos));

float FBMNoise(float2 pos) {
float value = 0.0f;
float frequency = InitialFrequency;
float amplitude = 1.0f;
// Classic FBM loop
for ( int i=0; i < Octaves; i++ )
float noiseValue = AbsNoise(pos);
value += amplitude * noiseValue;
frequency *= Lacunarity;
amplitude *= Amplitude;
return value;

// Turbulence noise:
// Fbm + Abs + Perlin
float TurbulenceAbsPerlinNoisePS(float4 pos : SV_POSITION, float2 texPos : TEXCOORD0)
: SV_Target
return FBMNoise(texPos);

The problem with the previous code is that if we want to change the code behind AbsNoise called from FBMNoise (for example, apply cos/sin on the coordinates, or use of a simplex noise instead of the old Perlin Noise), we would have to duplicate the FBMNoise function to call the other function. Of course, we could use the preprocessor to inline the code, but It would end up in something less readable, less debuggable, error prone...etc.

Another example: Ken Perlin introduced some really cool functions to modify the noise, like the famous marble effect:

static float stripes(float x, float f) {
float t = .5 + .5 * sin(f * 2*PI * x);
return t * t - .5;

float MarbleNoise(float2 pos) {
return stripes(pos.x + 2 * FBMNoise(pos), 1.6f);

But wait! The MarbleNoise function could even be used in place of the AbsNoise function, in order to get another noise effect. So we could have a marble function calling a FBM... but we could also have a marble function called by a FBM... or both...  ugh... so as we can see, It is possible to permute those functions to generate interesting patterns, but unfortunately, the shading language doesn't provide us a way to make those functions pluggable!... Almost! In fact, there is a small breach in the HLSL language and we are going to use it!

Introduction to Dynamic Linking in HLSL

So as I said in the introduction, Direct3D11 has introduced the concept of dynamic linking. I suggest the reader to go to an explanation on msdn "Interfaces and classes". Basically, the main feature introduced in the HLSL language is a bit of Object Oriented Programming (OOP) in order to address the problem of abstraction: Now HLSL has the class and interface keyword. But they were mainly introduced for dynamic linking of a shader, and as I said, dynamic linking is only available with SM5.0 profile.

// An interface describing a light
interface ILight {
float3 ComputeAmbient(...);
float3 ComputeDiffuse(...);
float3 ComputeSpecular(...);

// A 1st implem of the ILight interface
class MyModelLight1 : ILight {
float3 ComputeAmbient(...) {
return color;

// A 2ns implem of the ILight interface
class MyModelLight2 : ILight {
float3 ComputeAmbient(...) {
return color;

// The variable through which we are going to access the light model
ILight abstractLight;

// We need to declare the two implems in order to get a reference
// to them from C++ code
MyModelLight1 modelLight1;
MyModelLight2 modelLight2;

float4 PixelShader(PS_INPUT Input ) : SV_Target
// Call the abstractLight that was previously setup by C++ at
// PixelShader creation time
float3 ambient = abstractLight.ComputeAmbient(Input.Pos);
float3 diffuse = abstractLight.ComputeDiffuse(Input.Pos);
float3 specular = abstractLight.ComputeSpecular(Input.Pos);

return float4(saturate( Ambient + Diffuse + Specular ), 1.0);

To be able to use this shader, we need to setup the abstractLight variable from the C++/C# code, through the usage of ID3D11Device::CreateClassLinkage and in the instatiation of a Pixel Shader ID3D11Device::CreatePixelShader.

As we can see, we need to declare the interface and classes variable globally, so that they can be accessed by the C++ program. This is the standard way to use dynamic linking in HLSL... but what If we want to use this differently?

Hacking function pointers in HLSL

The principle is very simple: Instead of using interface and classes as global variables, we can in fact use them as function parameters and even local variables from method. The way to use it is then straightforward:
// Base class for a calculator
interface ICalculator {
float Compute(...);

// 1st implem of the calculator
class ClassicCalculator : ICalculator {
float Compute(...) {
return value;

// 2nd implem of the calculator
class ComplexCalculator : ICalculator {
float Compute(...) {
return value;

// A function using the interface ICalculator
float MyFunctionUsingICalculator(ICalculator calculator, ...) {
value += calculator.Compute(...);
return value;

// A Pixel shader using the ClassicCalculator
float PixelShader1(PS_INPUT Input ) : SV_Target
ClassicCalculator classic;
return MyFunctionUsingICalculator(classic, ...);

// A Pixel shader using the ComplexCalculator
float PixelShader2(PS_INPUT Input ) : SV_Target
ComplexCalculator complex;
return MyFunctionUsingICalculator(complex, ...);

The previous example could be compiled flawlessly with ps_4_0 (Shader Model 4) or ps_3_0 (with some minor changes for the pixel shader), and It would compile just fine! So basically, the interface ICalculator is acting as a function pointer, that has two implementations available through the ClassicCalculator and ComplexCalculator classes.  MyFunctionUsingICalculator doesn't have to change its signature to adapt to the underlying function, so as we can see, we have a suitable solution for developing function pointers in HLSL.

Now, lets try to see if we could use this model to build our flexible noise functions. Replace ICalculator by a INoise interface. We are seeing that an implementation would have to call another INoise interface. In fact, ideally, we would like to code something like this:
// Base class for a noise function
interface INoise {
float Compute(...);

// Perlin noise implem
class PerlinNoise : INoise {
float Compute(...) {
return value;

// FBM noise implem
class FBMNoise : INoise {
// Would be ideal to be able to do that
// We could even make an abstract generic class
// that could provide a base Source INoise
INoise Source;

float Compute(...) {
float value = 0.0f;
float frequency = InitialFrequency;
float amplitude = 1.0f;
// Classic FBM loop
for ( int i=0; i < Octaves; i++ )
// Call the source abstract INoise
float noiseValue = Source.Compute(pos);
value += amplitude * noiseValue;
frequency *= Lacunarity;
amplitude *= Amplitude;
return value;

// A Pixel shader using the FBMNoise combined with PerlinNoise
float PixelShader1(PS_INPUT Input ) : SV_Target
FBMNoise fbmNoise;
PerlinNoise perlin;
// This is not possible, interface variable members are not allowed
fbmNoise.Source = perlin;
return fbmNoise.Compute(...);

Unfortunately, HLSL doesn't permit the use of interface as variable members!. This limitation was quite annoying, as It excludes a whole range of combination, like aggregation, composition... making these function pointers useful only for a very limited set of cases...
I have tried to overcome this problem using abstract class instead of interface, as classes can be declared as variable members of classes... but, again, there is a huge limitation: The class variable is in fact acting a a final or const variable that cannot be changed, thus making its usage almost useless...
But I knew that HLSL permits lots of unusual constructions, and this is where closures are going to resolve this.

Hacking Closures in HLSL

So we know that interfaces can be used as function pointers, but their usage is limited as we cannot use anykind of composition. An interesting fact is that we can declare local variables in methods as being class or interfaces... The trick is to use a quite uncommon feature of HLSL: It is possible to declare local classes inside a method, that can access local parameters!Therefore, It is possible to use a kind of deferred composition/aggregation using this technique. Let's rewrite our noise functions using this new closure technique:

1. Declare a INoise interface that is able to compute the noise by using a next INoise implementation.

// It is possible to compile this code under ps_4_0 and ps_3_0

// Declare our INoise interface
interface INoise {
// Here an interesting hack: We can declare a method that is returning a INoise
// interface. This method will be implemented by the pixel shaders.
INoise Next();

// The compute method of a Noise
float Compute(float2 pos);

2. Declare NoiseBase as an abstract implementation of INoise that is implementing the methods. If we had the keyword abstract in hlsl we wouldn't have to implement methods of this class.

// We are creating an abstract class from INoise in order
// to implement both methods
class NoiseBase : INoise {
INoise Next() {
// This code will never be used. It is only
// used to declare this class
NoiseBase base;
return base;

float Compute(float2 pos) {
// This code will never be used. It is only
// used to declare this class
return Next().Compute(pos);

3. Use NoiseBase to implement final INoise functions. If you look at AbsNoise, FbmNoise or MarbleNoise, they are using the INoise::Next() method to get an instance of the INoise interface they rely on. This is where functions pointers are extremely useful here.

// PerlinNoise implem
class PerlinNoise : NoiseBase {
float Compute(float2 pos) {
// call a standard perlin_noise implemented as a simple external function
return perlin_noise(pos);

// AbsNoise implem
class AbsNoise : NoiseBase {
float Compute(float2 pos) {
// Note: We are using Next to access the next underlying function pointer
return abs(Next().Compute(pos));

// FbmNoise implem
class FbmNoise : NoiseBase {
float Compute(float2 pos) {
float value = 0.0f;
float amplitude = 1.0f;
float frequency = InitialFrequency;
for ( int i=0; i < Octaves; i++ )
float noiseValue = Next().Compute(pos);
value += amplitude * noiseValue;
frequency *= Lacunarity;
amplitude *= Amplitude;
return value;

// MarbleNoise implem
class MarbleNoise : NoiseBase {
float Compute(float2 pos) {
return stripes(2 * Next().Compute(pos, frequency), 1.6f);

static float stripes(float x, float f) {
float t = .5 + .5 * sin(f * 2*PI * x);
return t * t - .5;

4. Implements the pixel shaders with the closure mechanism. We are declaring local classes that will override INoise::Next() method in order to chain INoise function pointers together.

// Fbm -> PerlinNoise
float FbmPerlinNoise2DPS( float4 pos : SV_POSITION, float2 texPos : TEXCOORD0 )
: SV_Target
// Look! We are declaring a local class
class Noise1 : PerlinNoise {} noise1;
// and this local classs can access local variable!
// For example, Noise2 can access previous noise1 variable.
class Noise2 : FbmNoise { INoise Next() { return noise1; } } noise2;

// Allowing us to cascade the calls and making a kind of deferred composition.
return noise2.Compute(texPos);

// Fbm -> Abs -> PerlinNoise
float FbmAbsPerlinNoise2DPS( float4 pos : SV_POSITION, float2 texPos : TEXCOORD0 )
: SV_Target
class Noise1 : PerlinNoise {} noise1;
class Noise2 : AbsNoise { INoise Next() { return noise1; } } noise2;
class Noise3 : FbmNoise { INoise Next() { return noise2; } } noise3;

// FbmNoise is calling indirectly AbsNoise that will call PerlinNoise.
return noise3.Compute(texPos);

// Marble -> Fbm -> Abs -> PerlinNoise
float FbmAbsPerlinNoise2DPS( float4 pos : SV_POSITION, float2 texPos : TEXCOORD0 )
: SV_Target
class Noise1 : PerlinNoise {} noise1;
class Noise2 : AbsNoise { INoise Next() { return noise1; } } noise2;
class Noise3 : FbmNoise { INoise Next() { return noise2; } } noise3;
class Noise4 : MarbleNoise { INoise Next() { return noise3; } } noise4;

// MarbleNoise is calling FbmNoise that is calling indirectly AbsNoise
// that will call PerlinNoise.
return noise4.Compute(texPos);

// Fbm -> Marble -> Abs -> PerlinNoise
float FbmAbsPerlinNoise2DPS( float4 pos : SV_POSITION, float2 texPos : TEXCOORD0 )
: SV_Target
class Noise1 : PerlinNoise {} noise1;
class Noise2 : AbsNoise { INoise Next() { return noise1; } } noise2;
class Noise3 : MarbleNoise { INoise Next() { return noise2; } } noise3;
class Noise4 : FbmNoise { INoise Next() { return noise3; } } noise4;

// FbmNoise is calling MarbleNoise that is calling indirectly AbsNoise
// that will call PerlinNoise.
return noise4.Compute(texPos);

Et voila! As you can see, we are able to declare local classes from a pixel shader that are acting as closures. It is for example even possible to declare local classes that have a specific code in their Compute() methods.
Behind the scene, when chaining the INoise::Next() methods, the fxc HLSL compiler is seeing all thoses classes as "INoise*".
It is then possible to perform a fbm(marble(abs(perlin_noise()))) as well as a marble(fbm(abs(perlin_noise()))).

In the end, It is effectively possible to implement closures in HLSL that can be used in SM4.0 as well as SM3.0!

Improving closures chaining

From the previous example, we can extend the concept by
1. Adding static local constructors to each Noise function :
// PerlinNoise implem
class PerlinNoise : NoiseBase {
float Compute(float2 pos) {
// call a standard perlin_noise implemented as a simple external function
return perlin_noise(pos);
// Add local "constructor"
static INoise New() {
PerlinNoise noise;
return noise;

// AbsNoise implem
class AbsNoise : NoiseBase {
float Compute(float2 pos) {
// Note: We are using Next to access the next underlying function pointer
return abs(Next().Compute(pos));
// Add local constructor and chain with From INoise
static INoise New(INoise from) {
class LocalNoise : AbsNoise { INoise Next() { return from; } } noise;
return noise;

// Add the same constructors to FbmNoise and MarbleNoise.
// ....
2. And then we can rewrite the Pixel shader functions to chain operators in a shorter form:
// Fbm -> Marble -> Abs -> PerlinNoise
float FbmAbsPerlinNoise2DPS( float4 pos : SV_POSITION, float2 texPos : TEXCOORD0 )
: SV_Target
// FbmNoise is calling MarbleNoise that is calling indirectly AbsNoise
// that will call PerlinNoise.
return FbmNoise::New(MarbleNoise::New(AbsNoise::New(PerlinNoise::New()))).Compute(texPos);

This way, It allows a syntax that is even more concise and modular!

Further Considerations

This is a very exciting technique that could open lots of abstraction opportunities while developing in HLSL. Though, in order to use this technique, there are a couple of advantages and things to take into account:
  • An interface cannot inherit from another interface (that would be really interesting)
  • An interface can only have method members.
  • A class can inherit from another class and from several interfaces.
  • Unlike in C/C++, we cannot pre-declare an interface, but we can use a declaration being declared (See the example of the method INoise::Next, returning a INoise).
  • The compiler has a limitation against the reuse of an implementation in a call chain and will complain about a recursive call (even if there is no recursive call at all): For example, It is not possible to reuse twice the sample type of class closure in a call chain, meaning that it is not possible to make a call chain like this one: Marble => FBM => Marble => Abs => Perlin. The fxc compiler would complain about the second "Marble" as It would see it as a kind of recursive call. In order to reuse a function, we need to duplicate it, that's probably the only point that is annoying here.
  • Generated compiled asm output from closures are exactly the same as using standard inlining methods.
  • Before going to local class-closure, I have tried several techniques that were sometimes crashing fxc compiler.
  • Thus, as it is a way of hacking the usage HLSL, It is not guarantee that this will be supported in the future. But at least, if it is working for SM5.0, SM4.0 and 3.0, we can expect that we are safe for a while!
  • Also, the compilation time under vs_3_0/ps_3_0 profile seems to take more time, not sure if its the language construction or a regular behavior of 3.0 profiles.
Let me know if you are able to use this technique and If you are finding other interesting constructions or problems. That would be very interesting to dig a little more into the opportunities it opens. Lastly, I have done a small google search about this kind of technique, but didn't found anything... but It could have been used already by someone else, thus this whole technique is a new hypothetical discovery, but I enjoyed a lot to discover it!

          Film Review: NATION AFLAME (1937, Victor Halperin)        

Stars: 4 of 5.
Running Time: 74 minutes.
Notable Cast or Crew: Directed by Victor Halperin (WHITE ZOMBIE, PARTY GIRL). Story by Thomas Dixon, Jr. (THE BIRTH OF A NATION, MARK OF THE BEAST). Starring Noel Madison ('G' MEN), Lila Lee (BLOOD AND SAND, THE UNHOLY THREE), Harry Holman (MEET JOHN DOE, BARBARY COAST), and Douglas Walton (MURDER MY SWEET, BRIDE OF FRANKENSTEIN).
Tag-lines: "Exposé of a Hooded Menace!"
Best one-liner(s): "Boy, the suckers will eat it up!"

In what's coming to be a regular feature of this blog, I find myself writing about American hate groups, fascists, and their cinematic depictions. Today's film happens to be written by Thomas Dixon, Jr., whose early novels celebrated hate and formed the basis for the racist, denialist 1915 epic THE BIRTH OF A NATION, which casts the Ku Klux Klan as the heroic saviors of the South during the "dark days" of Reconstruction.

However, sometime in the 1930s (upon witnessing the revived Klan and the rise of European fascism) Dixon underwent an apparent evolution of character. In NATION AFLAME, his final work, he delivers a formidable condemnation of the Klan, American Nazism, xenophobia, and political hucksterism that's more than worthy of our attention in 2017. If Thomas Dixon's mind can be changed––a mind that was directly responsible for the second wave of the Klan in the 1920s––then truly the sky is the limit: NATION AFLAME is as remarkable in this aspect as it would be if Steve Bannon were suddenly to produce a film denouncing the white nationalist movement.

Allow me to begin by offering a rundown of the plot, which unfolds with the simplicity of a fable across a slim, 74-minute runtime.

Enter: Roland Adams, the political huckster. A rich, aging clown-prince who has a certain way with crowds, and rules them with the wave of his jester-faced scepter: he wears the absurdity of this persona as a badge of pride.

With his eldest daughter reining in his more outrageous peccadillos, Adams once was Mayor of a typical middle-American city.

Against his daughter's wishes, however, he has made some dangerous friends; career criminals who know that the the huckster's power over the uneducated mob can be exploited, a fast lane to power and riches. His new right hand man is an Italian immigrant named Sandino who has re-fashioned himself as "Sands," and, in a believably hypocritical path to personal agency, becomes a true master of the xenophobic rhetoric that was once leveled against his friends and family.

He becomes Adams' brain, his attack-dog, his Richelieu. Adams' daughter has very little power over him now, though it pleases her to pretend. Sands and Adams make their xenophobic, "America First" pitch at a political cocktail party, and while it fails to impress the intelligentsia, the seeds are planted for a Populist campaign. The following clip is well worth watching:
And so the Avenging Angels are formed; a "grassroots" organization subsidized by gangsters and protected by corrupt politicians, whose members wear black hoods (patterned after the Black Legion and the second-wave Klan) and commit acts of political, racial, and anti-intellectual violence.

 Sands lays out their mission in a manner that is straightforward and unfortunately prescient:
"The only way that we can save the youth of our nation is to organize them in one single group, and through them, enforce the precepts of 100% Americanism! Corruption and politics must go! Civic virtue and patriotism must be our goals! We must enforce a reverence for our flag and our Constitution!  And what is more, protect our American womanhood, and guard the sanctity of our homes! We must guarantee that the wealth of America must be shared only by real Americans! To maintain and declare absolute boycott against foreigners is our only salvation!"
We are treated to extensive scenes of Adams, Sands, and their cronies practicing their bluster as an acting exercise, repeating the same lines over and over again until they feel they've attained the proper patriotic fervency.

"Boy, the suckers will eat it up!" says Adams. And they do. The gang is able to enrich themselves financially and politically, selling Avenging Angels memberships and apparel for $25 a pop.

"For twenty-five dollars, be true Americans!"

It should come as no surprise that Adams rides this wave of hate to ascend to a fresh political office: the Governorship. Under his rule, and amid a mosaic of domestic terrorism, the Avenging Angels beat to death reporters who dare to criticize them.

Now Governor Adams has the Oval Office in his sights, an idea planted by Sands, who grows more power-hungry by the day. Sands doesn't care much about the scandals and inquiries piling up at the Governor's doorstep, because he operates in secrecy and will still wield the full power of the Avenging Angels no matter Adams' fate. Adams' daughter makes regular visits to his office in an attempt to save his soul:

"Daddy, I'd rather see you resign than be impeached," she says...

But Sands always visits afterward, and the Governor happens to be the kind of man to take the advice he's heard most recently.

With political opponents closing in, Adams eventually decides to buck his gang and forge his own path. This, unfortunately, is short-lived as he is immediately assassinated by Avenging Angels who, at Sands' insistence, believe he has betrayed them.

Governor Adams is dead, his jester-faced scepter smashed. And the power of the Angels lives on, vindicated by the destruction of those who were not pure enough; those who were less than "100% American."

Adams' daughter aligns herself with the Angels' progressive foes and is burned in effigy amid growing misogynistic rhetoric.

Fearing her reputation already ruined, she sacrifices her remaining stature to take out Sands, entrapping him in a sex scandal that, in 1937, proves to be enough to sink the Avenging Angels for good. The end.

For me, NATION AFLAME film can only reframe Dixon's body of work, not rehabilitate it. However, like other films of the era such as BLACK LEGION and LEGION OF TERROR, it is very much the product of 1930s American Progressivism, fearful of fascist movements in Germany, Italy, and Spain worming their way into the American South and Midwest. That it comes to us courtesy of a man who never would have described himself as a progressive, and in fact publicly wore the mantle of "white supremacist," is staggering. I suppose this is evidence that even the harshest, most monstrous ideologue can have a breaking point: a crisis of conscience. This is something we must bear in mind.
          Making of Ergon 4K PC Intro        
You are not going to discover any fantastic trick here, the intro itself is not an outstanding coding performance, but I always enjoy reading the making of other intros, so It's time to take some time to put this on a paper!

What is Ergon? It's a small 4k intro (meaning 4096 byte executable) that was released at the 2010 Breakpoint demoparty (if you can't run it on your hardware, you can still watch it on youtube), which surprisingly was able to finish to the 3rd place! I did the coding, design and worked also on the music with my friend ulrick.

That was a great experience even if I didn't expect to work on this production at the beginning of the year... but at the end of January, when BP2010 was announced and supposed to be the last one, I was motivated to go there, and why not, release a 4k intro! One month and a half later, the demo was almost ready... wow, 3 weeks before the party, first time to finish something so ahead an event! But yep, I was able to work on it on part time during the week (and the night of course)... But when I started on it, I had no idea where this project would bring me to... or even what kind of 3D API I had to start from doing this intro!

OpenGL, DirectX 9, 10 or 11?

At FRequency, xt95 is mainly working in OpenGL, mostly due to the fact that he is a linux user. All our previous intros were done using OpenGL, although I did provide some help on some intros, bought OpenGL books few years ago... I'm not a huge fan of the OpenGL C API, but most importantly, from my short experience on this, I was always able to better strip down DirectX code size than OpenGL code... At that time, I was also working a bit more on DirectX API... I even bought a 5770 ATI earlier to be able to play with D3D11 Compute Shader api... I'm also mostly a windows user... DirectX has a very well integrated documentation in Visual Studio, a good SDK, lots of samples inside, a cleaner API (more true on recent D3D10/D3D11), some cool tools like PIX to debug shaders... and thought also that programming on DirectX on windows might reduce the risk to get some incompatibilities between NVidia and ATI graphics card (although, I found that, at least with D3D9, this is not always true...).

So ok, DirectX was selected... but which version? I started my first implementation with D3D10. I know that the code is much more verbose than D3D9 and OpenGL2.0, but I wanted to practice it a bit more the somehow "new" API than just reading a book about it. I was also interested to plug some text in the demo and tried an integration with latest Direct2D/DirectWrite API.

Everything went well at the beginning with D3D10 API. The code was clean, thanks to the thin layer I developed around DirectX to make the coding experience much closer to what I use to have in C# with SlimDx for example. The resulting C++ code was something like this :
// Set VertexBuffer for InputAssembler Stage
device.InputAssembler.SetVertexBuffers(screen.vertexBuffer, sizeof(VertexDataOffline));

// Set TriangleList PrimitiveTopology for InputAssembler Stage

// Set VertexShader for the current Pass
Very pleasant to develop with it, but because I wanted to test D2D1, I switched to D3D10.1 which can be configured to run on D3D10 hardware (with the feature level thing)... So I also started to slightly wrap up the Direct2D API and was able to produce very easily some really nice text... but wow... the code was a bit too large for a 4k (but would be perfect for a 64k).

Then during this experiment phase, I tried the D3D11 API with the Compute Shader thing... and found that the code is much more compact than D3D10 if you are performing some kind of... for example, raymarching... I didn't compare code size, but I suspect the code to be able to compete with its D3D9 counterpart (although, there is a downside in D3D11 : if you can afford a real D3D11 hardware, a compute shader can directly render to the screen buffer... otherwise, using the D3D11 Compute shader with features level 10, you have to copy the result from one resource to another... which might hit the size benefit...).

I was happy to see that the switch to D3D11 was easy, with some continuity from D3D10 on the API "look & feel"... Although I was disappointed to learn that working this D3D11 and D2D1 was not straightforward because D2D1 is only compatible with D3D10.1 API (which you can run with feature level 9.0 to 10), forcing to initialize and maintain two devices (one for D3D10.1 and one for D3D11), playing with DXGI shared resource between the devices... wow, lots of work, lots of code... and of course, out of question for a 4k...

So I tried... a plain old good D3D9... and that was of course much compact in size than their D3D10 counterpart... So for around two weeks in February, I played with those various API while implementing some basic scene for the intro.I just had a bad surprise when releasing the intro, because lots of people were not able to run it : weird because I was able to test it on several NVidias and at least my ATI 5770... I didn't expect D3D9 to be so sensitive to that, or at least, a bit less sensitive than OpenGL... but I was wrong.

Raymarching optimization

I decided to go for an intro using the raymarching algorithm that was more likely to be able to deliver a "fat" content in a tiny amount of code. Although, the raymarching stuff was already a bit in the "retired", after the fantastic intros released earlier in 2009 (Elevated - not really a raymarching intro but soo impressive!, Sult, Rudebox, Muon-Baryon...etc). But I didn't have enough time to explore a new effect and was not even confident to be able to find anything interesting at that time... so... ok, raymarching.

So for one week, after building a 1st scene, I spent my time to try to optimize the raymarching algo. There was an instructive thread on pouet about this : "So, what do distance field equations look like? And how do we solve them?". I tried to implement some trick like...
  1. Generate grid on the vertex shader (with 4x4 pixels for example), to precompute a raw view of the scene, storing the minimal distance step to go before hitting a surface... let the pixel shader to get those interpolate distances (multiplied by a small reduction factor like .9f) and perform some fine grained raymarching with fewer iterations
  2. Generate a pre-rendered 3D volume of the scene at a much lower density (like 96x96x96) and use this map to navigate in the distance fields while still performing some "sphere tracing" refinement if needed
  3. I tried also somekind of level of detail on the scene : for example, instead of having a texture lookup (for the "bump mapping") for each step during the raymarching, allow the raymarcher to use a simplified analytical surface scene and switch to the more detailled one for the last step
Well, I have to admit that all those techniques were not really clever in anyway... and the result was matching the lack of this cleverness! None of them provide a significant speed optimization compare to the code size hit they were generated.

So after one week of optimization, well, I just went to a basic raymarcher algo. The shader was developed under Visual C++, integrated in the project (thanks to NShader syntax highlighting). I did a small C# tool to strip the shader comments, remove unnecessary spaces... integrated in the build (pre-build events in VC++), It's really enjoyable to work with this toolchain.

Scenes design

For the scenes, I decided to use the same kind of technique used in the Rudebox 4k intro : Leveraging more on the geometry and lights, but not on the materials. That made the success of the rudebox and I was motivated to build some complex CSG with boolean operations on basic elements (box, sphere...etc.). The nice thing about this approach is that It avoids to use inside the ISO surface anykind of if/then/else for determining the material... just letting the lights properly set in the scene might do the work. Yep, indeed, rudebox is for example a scene with say, a white material for all the objects. What makes the difference is the position of lights in the scene, their intensity...etc. Ergon used the same trick here.

I spent around two to three weeks to build the scenes. I ended up with 4 scenes, each one quite cool on their own, with a consistent design among them. One of the scene was using the fonts to render a wall of text in raymarching.

Because I'm not sure that I will be able to use those scenes, well, I'm going to post their screenshot here!

The 1st scene I developed during my D3D9/D3D10/D3D11 API experiments was a massive tentacle model coming from a balckhole. All the tentacles were moving around a weird cutted sphere, with a central "eye"... I was quite happy about this scene that had a unique design. From the beginning, I wanted to add some post-processing, to enhance the visuals, and to make them a bit different from other raymarching scene... So I went with a simple post-processing that was performing some patterns on the pixels, adding a radial blur to produce some kind of "ghost rays" coming out from the scene, making the corners darker, and adding a small flickering the more you go to the corners. Well, only this piece of code was already taking a scene on its own, but that was the price to have a genuine ambiance, so...

The colors and theming was almost settled from the beginning... I'm a huge fan of warm colors!

The 2nd scene was using a font rendering coupling with the raymarcher.... a kind of flying flag, with the logo FRequency appearing from left to right with a light on it... (I will probably release those effects on pouet just for the record...), that was also a fresh use of raymarching... didn't see anything like this in latest 4k production, so, I was expecting to insert this text in the 4k, as It's not so common... The code to use the d3d font was not too fat... so I was still confident to be able to use those 2 scenes.

After that, I was looking for some nasty objects... so for the 3rd scene, I tried to randomly play with some weird functions and ended up with a kind of "raptor" creature... I wanted also to use a weird generated texture I found few month ago, that was perfect for it.

Finally, I wanted to use the texture to make a kind of lava sea with a moving snake on it... that was the last scene I coded (and of course, 2 others scenes that are too ugly to show here! :) ).

We also started at that time, in February, to work on the music, and as I explained in my earlier posts, we used 4klang synth for the intro. But making all those scenes with a music prototype, the "crinklered" compressed exe was more around 5ko... even If the shader code was already optimized in size, using some kind of preprocessor templating (like in rudebox or receptor). The intro was of course laking a clear direction, there was no transitions between the scenes... and most importantly, It was not possible to fit all those scenes in 4k, while expecting the music to grow a little bit more in the final exe...

The story of the Worm-Lava texture

Last year, around November, while I was playing with several perlin's like noise, I found an interesting variation using perlin noise and the marble-cosine effect that was able to represents some kind of worms, quite freaking ugly in some way, but that was a unique texture effect!

(Click to enlarge, lots of details in it!)

This texture was primarily developed in C# but the code was quite straightforward to port in a texture shader... Yep, that's probably an old trick with D3D9 to use the function D3DXFillTextureTX to directly fill a texture from a shader with a single line of code... Why using this? Because It was the only way to get a noise() function accessible from a shader, without having to implement it... As weird as it may sounds, the HLSL perlin noise() function is not accessible outside a texture shader. A huge drawback of this method is also that the shader is not a real GPU shader, but is instead computed on the CPU... that explain why ergon intro is taking so long to generate the texture at the beginning (with a 1280x720 texture resolution for example).

So how does look this texture shader in order to generate this texture?
// -------------------------------------------------------------------------
// worm noise function
// -------------------------------------------------------------------------
#define ty(x,y) (pow(.5+sin((x)*y*6.2831)/2,2)-.5)
#define t2(x,y) ty(y+2*ty(x+2*noise(float3(cos((x)/3)+x,y,(x)*.1)),.3),.7)
#define tx(x,y,a,d) ((t2(x, y) * (a - x) * (d - y) + t2(x - a, y) * x * (d - y) + t2(x, y - d) * (a - x) * y + t2(x - a, y - d) * x * y) / (a * d))

float4 x( float2 x : position, float2 y : psize) : color {
float a=0,d=64;
// Modified FBM functions to generate a blob texture
a += abs(tx(x.x*d,x.y*d,d,d)/d);
return a*2;

The tx macro is basically applying a tiling on the noise.
The core t2 and ty macros are the one that are able to generate this "worm-noise". It's in fact a tricky combination of the usual cosine perlin noise. Instead of having something like cos(x + noise(x,y)), I have something like special_sin( y + special_sin( x + noise(cos(x/3)+x,y), power1), power2), with special_sin function like ((1 + sin(x*power*2*PI))/2) ^ 2

Also, don't be afraid... this formula didn't came out of my head like this... that was clearly after lots of permutations from the original function, with lots of run/stop/change_parameters steps! :D

Music and synchronization

It took some time to build the music theme and to be satisfied with it... At the beginning, I let ulrick making a first version of the music... But because I had a clear view of the design and direction, I was expecting a very specific progression in the tune and even in the chords used... That was really annoying for ulrick (excuse-me my friend!), as I was very intrusive in the composition process... At some point, I ended up in making a 2 pattern example of what I wanted in terms of chords and musical ambiance... and ulrick was kind enough to take this sample pattern and clever to add some intro's musical feeling in it. He will be able to talk about this better than me, so I'll ask him if he can insert some small explanation here!

ulrick here: « working with @lx on this prod was a very enjoyable job. I started a music which @lx did not like very much, it did not reflect the feelings that @lx wanted to give through the Ergon. He thus composed a few patterns using a very emotional musical scale. I entered into the music very easily and added my own stuffs. For the anecdote, I added a second scale to the music to allow for a clearer transition between the first and second parts of the Ergon. After doing so, we realized that our music actually used the chromatic scale on E »

The synchronization was the last part of the work in the demo. I first used the default synchronization mechanism from the 4klang... but I was lacking some features like, if the demo is running slowly, I needed to know exactly where I was... Using plain 4klang sync, I was missing some events on slow hardware, even preventing the intro to switch between the scenes, because the switching event was missed by the rendering loop!

So I did my own small synchronization based on regular events of the snare and a reduce view of the sample patterns for this particular events. This is the only part of the intro that was developed in x86 assembler in order to keep it as small as possible.

The whole code was something like this :
static float const_time = 0.001f;
static int SMOOTHSTEP_FACTOR = 3;

static unsigned char drum_flags[96] = {
// pattern n° time z.z sequence
1,1,1,1, // pattern 0 0 0 0
1,1,1,1, // pattern 1 7,384615385 4 1
0,0,0,0, // pattern 2 14,76923077 8 2
0,0,0,0, // pattern 3 22,15384615 12 3
0,0,0,0, // pattern 4 29,53846154 16 4
0,0,0,0, // pattern 5 36,92307692 20 5
0,0,0,0, // pattern 6 44,30769231 24 6
0,0,0,0, // pattern 7 51,69230769 28 7
0,0,0,1, // pattern 8 59,07692308 32 8
0,0,0,1, // pattern 8 66,46153846 36 9
1,1,1,1, // pattern 9 73,84615385 40 10
1,1,1,1, // pattern 9 81,23076923 44 11
1,1,1,1, // pattern 10 88,61538462 48 12
0,0,0,0, // pattern 11 96 52 13
0,0,0,0, // pattern 2 103,3846154 56 14
0,0,0,0, // pattern 3 110,7692308 60 15
0,0,0,0, // pattern 4 118,1538462 64 16
0,0,0,0, // pattern 5 125,5384615 68 17
0,0,0,0, // pattern 6 132,9230769 72 18
0,0,0,0, // pattern 7 140,3076923 76 19
0,0,0,1, // pattern 8 147,6923077 80 20
1,1,1,1, // pattern 12 155,0769231 84 21
1,1,1,1, // pattern 13 162,4615385 88 22

// Calculate time, synchro step and boom shader variables
__asm {
fild dword ptr [time] // st0 : time
fmul dword ptr [const_time] // st0 = st0 * 0.001f
fstp dword ptr [shaderVar.x] // shaderVar.x = time * 0.001f
mov eax, dword ptr [MMTime.u.sample]
jae not_first_drum
xor eax,eax
idiv dword ptr [SAMPLES_PER_DRUMS] // eax = drumStep , edx = remainder step
mov dword ptr [drum_step], eax
fild dword ptr [drum_step]
fstp dword ptr [shaderVar.z] // shaderVar.z = drumStep

not_end: cmp byte ptr [eax + drum_flags],0
jne no_boom

sub eax,edx
jae boom_ok
xor eax,eax
mov dword ptr [shaderVar.y],eax
fild dword ptr [shaderVar.y]
fidiv dword ptr [SAMPLES_PER_DROP_DRUMS] // st0 : boom
fild dword ptr [SMOOTHSTEP_FACTOR] // st0: 3, st1-4 = boom
fsub st(0),st(1) // st0 : 3 - boom , st1-3 = boom
fsub st(0),st(1) // st0 : 3 - boom*2, st1-2 = boom
fmul st(0),st(1) // st0 : boom * (3-boom*2), st1 = boom
fmulp st(1),st(0)
fstp dword ptr [shaderVar.y]

That was smaller then what I was able to do with pure 4klang sync... with the drawback that the sync was probably too simplistic... but I couldn't afford more code for the sync... so...

Final mixing

Once the music was almost finished, I spent a couple of days to work on the transitions, sync, camera movements. Because It was not possible to fit the 4 scenes, I had to mix the scene 3 (the raptor) and 4 (the snake and the lava sea), found a way to put a transition through a "central brain". Ulrick wanted to put a different music style for the transition, I was not confident with it... until I put the transition in action, letting the brain collapsed while the space under it was digging all around... and the music was fitting very well! cool!

I did also use a simple big shader for the whole intro, with some if (time < x) then scene_1 else scene_2...etc. I didn't expect to do this, because this is hurting the performance in the pixel shader to do this kind of branch processing... But I was really running out of space here and the only solution was in fact to use a single shader with some repetitive code. Here is an excerpt from the shader code : You can see how scene and camera management has been done, as well as for lights. This part was compressing quite well due to its repetitive pattern.
// -------------------------------------------------------------------------

// t3

// Helper function to rotate a vector. Usage :

// t3(mypoint.xz, .7); <= rotate mypoint around Y axis with .7 radians
// -------------------------------------------------------------------------
float2 t3(inout float2 x,float y){
return x=x*cos(y)+sin(y)*float2(-x.y,x.x);

// -------------------------------------------------------------------------
// v : main raymarching function
// -------------------------------------------------------------------------
float4 v(float2 x:texcoord):color{
float a=1,b=0,c=0,d=0,e=0,f=0,i;
float3 n,o,p,q,r,s,t=0,y;
int w;
r=normalize(float3(x.x*1.25,-x.y,1)); // ray
x = float2(.001,0); // epsilon factor

// Scene management
if (z.z<39) {
w = (z.z<10)?0:(z.z>26)?3+int(fmod(z.z,5)):int(fmod(z.z,3));

if (w==0) { p=float3(12,5+30*smoothstep(16,0,z.x),0);t3(r.yz,1.1*smoothstep(16,0,z.x));t3(r.xz,1.54); }
if (w==1) { p=float3(-13,4,-8);t3(r.yz,.2);t3(r.xz,-.5);t3(r.xy,sin(z.x/3)/3); }
if (w==2) { p=float3(0,8.5,-5);t3(r.yz,.2);t3(r.xy,sin(z.x/3)/5); }
if (w==3) {
t3(r.yz, sin(z.x/5)*.6);
t3(r.xz, 1.54+z.x/5);
t3(r.xy, cos(z.x/10)/3);

if (w == 4) {
t3(r.yz, sin(z.x/5)/5);
t3(r.xz, 1.54+z.x/3);
t3(r.xy, sin(z.x/10)/3);

if (w > 4) {
t3(r.yz, 1.54*sin(z.x/5));
t3(r.xz, .7+z.x/2);
t3(r.xy, sin(z.x/10)/3);
} else if (z.z<52) {
t3(r.yz, .9);
t3(r.xz, 1.54+z.x/4);
} else if (z.z<81) {
w = int(fmod(z.z,3));
if (w==0 ) {
t3(r.yz, sin(z.x/5)/5);
t3(r.xz, 1.54+z.x/3);
t3(r.xy, sin(z.x/10)/3);
if (w==1 ) {
t3(r.yz, 1.1);
t3(r.xz, z.x/4);
if (w==2 ) {
t3(r.yz, sin(z.x/5)/2);
t3(r.xz, 1.54+z.x/5);
t3(r.xy, cos(z.x/10)/3);
} else {

// Boom effect on camera

// Lights
static float4 l[6] = {{.7,.2,0,2},{.7,0,0,3},{.02,.05,.2,7},

Compression statistics

Final compression results are given in the following table:

So to summarize, total exe size is 4070 bytes, and is composed of :
  • Synth code + music data is taking around 35% of the total exe size = 1461 bytes
  • Shader code is taking 36% = 1467 bytes
  • Main code + non shader data is 14% = 549 bytes
  • PE + crinkler decoder + crinkler import is 15% = 593 bytes

The intro was finished around the 13 march 2010, well ahead BP2010. So that was damn cool... I spent the rest of my time until BP2010 to try to develop a procedural 4k gfx, using D3D11 compute shaders, raymarching and a Global Illumination algorithm... but the results (algo finished during the party) disappointed me... And when I saw the fantastic Burj Babil by Psycho, he was right about using a plain raymarcher without any complicated true light management... a good "basic" raymarching algo, with some tone mapping finetune was much more relevant here!

Anyway, my GI experiment on the compute shader will probably deserve an article here.

I really enjoyed to make this demo and to see that ergon was able to make it in the top 3... after seeing BP2009, I was not expecting at all the intro to be in the top 3!... although I know that the competition this year was far much easier than the previous BP!

Anyway, that was nice to work with my friend ulrick... and to contribute to the demoscene with this prod. I hope that I will be able to keep on working on the demos like this... I still have lots of things to learn, and that's cool!
           Shared phylogeographic patterns between the ectocommensal flatworm Temnosewellia albata and its host, the endangered freshwater crayfish Euastacus robertsi         
Hurry, Charlotte R., Schmidt, Daniel J., Ponniah, Mark, Carini, Giovannella, Blair, David, and Hughes, Jane M. (2014) Shared phylogeographic patterns between the ectocommensal flatworm Temnosewellia albata and its host, the endangered freshwater crayfish Euastacus robertsi. PeerJ, 2. pp. 1-18.
          Finding My #InnerWild {Ragnar Trail Cascades Recap}        
I almost didn't go. 

As I slumped on the couch Tuesday night, worn from my second go-around with a stomach bug, I couldn't see how I would get on a plane in less than 12 hours, fly across the country and run up and down mountains. All I could think about was my disastrous race at the Indy Mini and the 10 days of GI distress that followed, the days of not running and barely eating and wondering whether I'd ever be normal again. I worried that I would be stepping onto a plane only to spend my time in the Cascades at Ragnar Trail with Team Nuun throwing up. 

But I couldn't not go either, whining to Mark as I sipped a bottle of Lemon-Lime. I had made a commitment – to Nuun, to my teammates and financially for the airfare. I had been looking forward to this trip for months, and it would offer a much needed break from the grind and the opportunity to gain some perspective about where I'm at right now. And so I told him, and myself, that I was sick from stress, lack of sleep and anxiety about the trip (aka leaving the boys for five days). Everything would be OK once I got on the plane, I said trying to assure myself. Mark nodded, and we went to bed.

Not everything was OK, though – not even close. I had a scare on my flight from Chicago to Seattle, passing out and vomiting, and I spent much of Wednesday sleeping or wandering lethargically around the Emerald City.

However, what started quite disastrously ended epically, and I am so grateful that my stubbornness prevailed and I made the trip. It was made of puppies, rainbows and unicorns. OK. It was more like dust, gummy bears and nickels but I couldn't have asked for anything more.

It would be impossible to sum up my experience adequately here so I'm not even going to try. Rather, I'm going to share my top eight moments on the trail.

 photo 10466DEF-61E6-4DD5-A854-CE4801362B11_zpsu1r74oq4.jpg

Meeting the challenge. I don't run hills, like, ever. It's not because I despise them (though I do) or avoid them; it's because I don't have access to intense climbs in northeast Indiana. I knew going into this race that the climbing and elevation gain would be the most difficult part for me. And it was. My quads burned, my calves ached, my breathing labored. I had to swallow my pride and hike. And hike and hike and hike. I ran when I could and knew when to grit it out. And I did it. I made it to the top and opened up as I made my way down. 

That was in-tents. So ... the last time I slept in a tent was in 2004. My uncle and his family were camping on Kelleys Island (in Lake Erie, Ohio) and I took the ferry over from Marblehead (near Sandusky where I lived) to hang out. Well, we had too much fun at a winery and I was too drunk to get on the boat much less drive. So I stayed on the island. Since, I've joked that my idea of camping was the Holiday Inn. Well, I was wrong. Ragnar Trail is now my idea of camping. I loved, loved, loved the community aspect of it, being all huddled together in a tent and sleeping in the outdoors. I loved the fire and the s'mores and being among the trees as I sipped my coffee. 

Of course, there was a learning curve. Like I couldn't figure out how to get out of my sleeping bag in the middle of the night so I could go to the bathroom. I ended up unzipping the tent, inchworming out and then hopping out of the sleeping bag. It was quite graceful.

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Team spirit. When I told people in my everyday life about my trip to the Pacific Northwest, many would ask about whether I knew anyone who would be running. And I did. I knew some of the employees from Nuun and a fellow blogger, Karen, from when I did Hood to Coast. However, most of the faces would be new. It's a bit panic-inducing, to be sure, as I can be a bit shy and awkward and then even more awkward once I get comfortable. (So much dancing ...) But here's the thing about Nuun and its ambassadors: They are all welcoming, inclusive people. Am I BFFs with everyone? No. But did I meet some of the most dedicated, inspiring, funny people on the trails? Hell yes. I left Seattle a bit sad but better off for having met and ran with them, and I know that I created legitimate friendships and connections at 4,000 feet. You just don't get that when you do a road race – or even a trail one – as an individual.

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If I had a nickel ... I was hot, tired and ready to be done – and I still had a mile or so of downhill to navigate on the Yellow Loop (my first leg). To make matters worse, I could feel something bouncing around in my right shoe. I really could have left well enough alone and ran it in but the lazy bastard on my left shoulder go the best of me. So I sat down, untied my laces and shook my Hoka One Ones. But a rock did not fall into my hand like I had anticipated. Rather, it was a nickel. A MOTHER EFFING NICKEL. You know, in case I found a vintage soda machine at the top of the mountain and needed to quench my Diet Pepsi craving.

"If I'm gonna die from a bow straight up Katniss Everdeen-style, I'm going to be pissed as hell." As we made the trek from Seattle to Loup Loup Ski Bowl, where the race was held, I got an email from the Ragnar race organizers alerting runners that it was bow-hunting season. And as the area where we were running was public, folks could be out there shooting arrows. Hopefully at animals but it could be us. It was unsettling but a bit humorous as well, and it made me super glad that I left my Bullwinkle costume at home.

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Speaking of costumes. You can't not go to a Ragnar or relay without catching sight of some characters and characters there were. I was particularly enamored with the latest member of Led Zeppelin, who ran in jorts, and a guy who seemed to be a Medieval Greek jester who liked to make up rhymes as he directed runners to their respective loops. 

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All the Nuun. You knew I was going to do this one, right? I mean, I had to. From the tubes and tubes of Nuun at our camp to the multi-gallon containers at the tent in the village, Nuun was everywhere. And, for me, Nuun at a race is a novel thing. It was great to have my favorite way to stay hydrated wherever I turned. 

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Chasing the sunrise. I started the Red Loop, the last of my three legs, just after 5 a.m. The sky was dark, the stars hidden behind clouds. My Petzl headlamp illuminated the trail ahead of me, helping me to navigate the 3+ mile climb. But as I made my way up the single track to the summit, the sky began to turn blue and the evergreen trees began to distinguish themselves from the mountains on the horizon. It was gorgeous. While I had hoped to see some amazing color, it was hard to be disappointed. 

As I made my way down the single track, the morning haze growing brighter, I turned off my head lamp and let myself open up. Open up to the speed that the downhill offered. Open up to the people around me. Open up to the world, the possibilities.

Disclosure: I ran Ragnar Trail Cascades as a part of my ambassadorship with Nuun. I paid for my own airfare to Seattle though other expenses were covered. I was not obligated to write this post in exchange for this trip.

          Frank Herbert reads his Heretics of Dune (Caedmon TC 1742, LP, US, 1984)        

Heretics of Dune is a 1984 science fiction novel by Frank Herbert, fifth in a series of six novels. It was ranked as the #13 hardcover fiction best seller of 1984 by The New York Times.

On Popsike

Seems this might be available again ..
Read a thread about it on http://forum.dunenovels.com/
(though it doesn't look like the CD release happened .. ?)

Audio Collectors Items:

Would also like .. 
Dune - The Banquet Scene - TC 1555
Sandworms of Dune - TC 1565 
Battles of Dune -  TC 1601
The Truths of Dune: "Fear is the Mind Killer" - TC 1616



Sinopsis Harry Potter And The Deathly Hallows

Buku ketujuh diawali dengan Voldemort dan para Pelahap Mautnya
di rumah Lucius Malfoy, yang merencanakan untuk membunuh
Harry Potter sebelum ia dapat bersembunyi kembali. Meminjam tongkat sihir
Lucius, Voldemort membunuh tawanannya, Profesor Charity Burbage
 guru Telaah Muggle di Hogwarts, atas alasan telah mengajarkan subyek tersebut dan
telah menganjurkan agar paradigma kemurnian darah penyihir

Harry telah siap untuk melakukan perjalanannya dan membaca obituari Albus Dumbledore; dan terungkaplah bahwa ayah Dumbledore, Percival, adalah seorang pembenci non-penyihir dan telah membunuh banyak Muggle, dan meninggal di Penjara Azkaban atas kejahatannya Harry kemudian meyakinkan keluarga Dursley bahwa mereka harus segera meninggalkan rumah mereka untuk menghindarkan diri dari para Pelahap Maut Keluarga Dursley kemudian pergi
menyembunyikan diri dengan dikawal sepasang penyihir setelah sebelumnya Dudley melontarkan pengakuan bahwa ia peduli akan Harry.

Bersama-sama dengan anggota Orde Phoenix, Harry kemudian pergi dari rumah Dursley ke The Burrow. Dalam perjalanan itu, Hedwig, burung hantu Harry,terbunuh oleh kutukan pembunuh George Weasley kehilangan sebelah telinganya Mad-Eye Moody dibunuh oleh Voldemort sendiri
Harry mendapatkan penglihatan mengenai pelariannya; tongkat sihirnya telah bereaksi dengan tongkat sihir pinjaman Voldemort, menghancurkannya, dan ia juga kemudian mendapatkan penglihatan ketika Voldemort menanyai Ollivander si pembuat tongkat sihir, mengenai mengapa hal itu dapat terjadi.
Beberapa hari kemudian, Menteri Sihir tiba di kediaman Weasley dan memberikan warisan Dumbledore untuk mereka: Delumintaor untuk Ron,buku mengenai kisah
anak-anak untuk Hermione ,dan untuk Harry, pedang Godric Gryffindor dan snitch pertama yang ditangkap Harry. Namun demikian, pedang tersebut ditahan, karena menurut kementerian pedang tersebut bukanlah milik Dumbledore. Ketiganya berusaha mencari tahu apa dibalik ketiga benda yang diberikan kepada mereka itu.

Sehari kemudian adalah hari pernikahan Fleur Delacour dan Bill Weasley . Setelah diberitakan bahwa Voldemort telah berhasil mengambil alih Kementerian Sihir; Harry, Ron, dan Hermione kemudian bersembunyi di Grimmauld Place nomor 12, rumah yang diwariskan Sirius Black kepada Harry.

Ketiganya kemudian menyadari bahwa inisial R.A.B. pada liontin yang didapatkan Dumbledore dan Harry dalam buku keenam adalah Regulus Arcturus Black, adik Sirius. Mereka mulai mencari Horcrux yang dicuri Regulus di rumah keluarga Black itu. Dari Kreacher, mereka mengetahui bahwa ia telah membantu Regulus untuk mendampingi Voldemort menempatkan Horcrux berbentuk liontin itu di gua. Ketika Regulus merasa kecewa dengan Dumbledore,ia memerintahkan Kreacher untuk kembali ke gua dan menukar liontin dengan yang palsu. Regulus terbunuh dalam proses itu Pada akhirnya, mereka bertiga menyadari bahwa Mundungus Fletcher telah mencuri liontin tersebut dan memberikannya kepada Dolores Umbridge .

Setelah selama satu bulan memata-matai Kementerian Sihir, ketiganya berhasil mengambil Horcrux dari Umbridge . Dalam prosesnya, tempat persembunyian mereka diketahui dan terpaksa melarikan diri ke daerah terpencil, berpindah dari satu tempat ke tempat lain, dan tidak dapat lama tinggal di suatu tempat.

Dalam waktu beberapa bulan berpindah-pindah, mereka mendengar bahwa pedang Godric Gryffindor sebenarnya adalah palsu, dan ada yang melakukan sesuatu terhadap pedang aslinya. Dari Phineas Black, Harry mendapatkan bahwa pedang itu terakhir kali digunakan Dumbledore untuk menghancurkan salah satu Horcrux, Cincin Gaunt. Ron kemudian berselisih paham dengan Harry, dan pergi meninggalkan Harry dan Hermione. Harry dan Hermione kemudian pergi ke Godric's Hollow untuk mencari tahu apakah Dumbledore telah meninggalkan pedang itu di sana.

Di Godric's Hollow, keduanya mengunjungi tempat pemakaman keluarga di
mana keluarga Potter dan Dumbledore dikuburkan Di Godric's Holow,
mereka juga menemui Bathilda Bagshot, seorang kawan lama Dumbledore yang
mengarang buku Sejarah Sihir. Di rumah Bagshot mereka menemukan gambar
penyihir hitam Grindelwald, sanak Bagshot, yang pada masa lalu adalah
kawan masa kecil Albus Dumbledore. Namun demikian, ternyata mereka
terperangkap, karena "Bagshot" itu merupakan penjelmaan ular Voldemort, Nagini.
Mereka berhasil melarikan diri dari Voldemort, tetapi tongkat sihir
Harry hancur dalam kejadian itu.

Dalam pelarian mereka, Harry akhirnya menemukan bahwa pedang Godric
Gryffindor tersembunyi di sebuah kolam beku di tengah sebuah hutan. Ia
menyelam ke dalamnya dan mendapati pedang dan kalung liontin Horcrux
Voldemort. Kalung itu mencoba mencekik Harry dan hampir menenggelamkannya
hingga mati kalau tidak ditolong oleh Ron yang kembali. Keduanya
menghancurkan Horcrux dengan pedang itu.

Ketiganya kemudian berbicara kepada Xenophilius Lovegood , ayah Luna
Lovegood, dan menanyakan kepada mereka mengenai lambang Grindelwald yang
telah berkali-kali muncul selama perjalanan mereka. Di rumah Lovegood,
Harry, Ron, dan Hermione mendapatkan kisah penyihir kuno mengenai tiga
bersaudara yang mengalahkan kematian, dan masing-masing mendapatkan
benda sihir sebagai hasilnya - tongkat sihir yang tak terkalahkan (Elder
Wand), batu sihir yang dapat menghidupkan kembali
yang telah mati (Resurrection Stone), dan Jubah Gaib
 yang tidak lekang oleh waktu. Harry menyadari
bahwa jubah yang dimilikinya adalah adalah Jubah Gaib, dan segera
menemukan bahwa Lovegood telah berkhianat dan menyerahkan mereka ke
Kementerian. Luna, putrinya, telah ditawan dan Xenophilius berpikir untuk
menyerahkan Harry Potter sebagai ganti tawanan. Ketiganya meloloskan diri dan
berpikir untuk mengumpulkan ketiga benda
sihir Deathly Hallows , untuk mengalahkan Voldemort.

Harry, Ron, dan Hermione kemudian tertangkap dan dibawa ke rumah
Malfoy. Di sana, Hermione disiksa dan diinterogasi oleh Bellatrix Lestrange
untuk mengetahui bagaimana mereka memperoleh pedang Godric Gryffindor,
karena ia berpikir bahwa mereka telah mencurinya dari lemari besinya di
Gringotts. Di bawah tanah, Harry dan Ron dipenjarakan bersama-sama
dengan Dean Thomas, goblin Griphook, pembuat tongkat sihir Ollivander, dan
Luna Lovegood. Harry berusaha mencari pertolongan dan Dobby muncul
untuk menyelamatkannya. Dalam usaha meloloskan diri, mereka dihadang
Wormtail yang kemudian terbunuh karena tercekik oleh tangan perak Wormtail
yang dibuat Voldemort tanpa berhasil ditolong oleh Ron dan Harry. Mereka
berdua kemudian menolong Hermione dengan bantuan Dobby, yang tewas
dibunuh oleh Bellatrix.

Harry dan kedua sahabatnya kemudian berusaha mencari rencana baru. Ia
menanyai Ollivander mengenai Elder Wand dan mendapati bahwa pemilik
terakhirnya adalah Dumbledore. Ia berusaha untuk mencegah Voldemort
mengambilnya dari makam Dumbledore. Dibantu Griphook, Hermione menyamar
sebagai Bellatrix Lestrange dan bersama-sama Harry dan Ron memasuki lemari
besi Bellatrix di Bank Gingrott's. Di sana mereka menemukan satu lagi
Horcrux, piala Hufflepuff. Griphook kemudian mengkhianati mereka dan
melarikan diri dan mencuri pedang Godric Gryffindor. Harry, Ron, dan
Hermione berhasil melarikan diri, tetapi Voldemort menyadari bahwa mereka
mencari Horcrux-Horcruxnya.

Harry mendapatkan penglihatan segera setelah pelarian mereka; ia dapat
melihat melalui mata Voldemort dan mengetahui pikirannya. Voldemort
telah mendatangi tempat-tempat Horcurxnya disembunyikan dan mengetahui
bahwa mereka telah lenyap dan hancur. Secara ceroboh, Voldemort
mengungkapkan bahwa Horcrux terakhir berada di Hogwarts. Ketiganya segera pergi
ke Hogsmeade untuk mencari jalan masuk ke sekolah Hogwarts. Di
Hogsmeade, mereka disudutkan oleh para Pelahap Maut dan diselamatkan oleh
Aberforth Dumbledore. Aberforth membuka jalan terowongan ke Hogwarts di mana
mereka disambut oleh Neville Longbottom. Setelah menyelamatkan jiwa
Draco Malfoy, Harry menemukan Mahkota Ravenclaw tersembunyi di Kamar
Kebutuhan dan benda itu dihancurkan.

Di Shrieking Shack, mereka mendapati Voldemort membunuh Severus Snape
dengan tujuan untuk mentransfer kekuatan Elder Wand kepada dirinya
sendiri. Dalam sekaratnya, Snape memberikan memorinya kepada Harry. Dari
memori itu terungkap bahwa Snape berada di sisi Dumbledore, didorong
dengan cinta seumur hidupnya kepada Lily Potter. Snape telah diminta
Dumbledore untuk membunuh dirinya jika situasinya mengharuskan demikian
karena bagaimanapun juga hidupnya tidak akan lama lagi akibat kutukan yang
terdapat di Horcrux Cincin Gaunt. Selanjutnya, terungkap pula bahwa
Harry adalah Horcrux terakhir Voldemort, dan ia harus mati juga sebelum
Voldemort dapat dibunuh. Pasrah akan nasibnya, Harry mengorbankan diri dan
Voldemort melancarkan kutukan untuk membunuhnya. Tapi alih-alih
membunuh Harry, kutukan itu malah menghancurkan bagian dari jiwa Voldemort
yang terdapat di tubuhnya. Pada akhirnya, setelah Nagini dibunuh oleh
Neville, Voldemort kemudian terbunuh setelah
mencoba menggunakan Kutukan pembunuh Avada Kadavra terhadap Harry.
Kutukan itu berbalik menyerang Voldemort sendiri oleh Elder Wand.

Dalam kisah di akhir buku, pada tahun 2017, 19 tahun setelah
Pertempuran di Hogwarts, Harry dan Ginny Weasley telah memiliki tiga anak bernama
James, Albus Severus, dan Lily. Neville Longbottom telah menjadi guru
Herbologi di Hogwarts. Ron dan Hermione telah memiliki dua anak bernama
Rose dan Hugo. Draco Malfoy memiliki anak bernama Scorpius. Mereka
seluruhnya bertemu di stasius kereta api King's Cross, untuk mengantar
anak-anak mereka bersekolah ke Hogwarts. Di sana diungkapkan bahwa bekas
luka Harry tidak pernah sakit lagi setelah kekalahan Pangeran Kegelapan...


          The NotPetya Global Pandemic – CyberArk Labs Analysis        

In May 2017, WannaCry took advantage of an exploit in the Windows operating system to usher in a cyber security pandemic – ransomware that can spread its infection like a traditional worm. The results were catastrophic, with some damage estimates reaching up to more than $4 billion. Yesterday, a new malware dubbed NotPetya emerged as the driving force […]

The post The NotPetya Global Pandemic – CyberArk Labs Analysis appeared first on CyberArk.

          What can we learn from bees? Talk at Trill Farm, Dorset May 11 2012        

Back after a too-long absence! 

I had hoped to be able to produce a recording every month, but somehow life got in the way. 

Here's the first podcast for this year a talk recorded at Trill Farm, Dorset (south of England, a little left of centre, for those not familiar with our layout!) at the invitation of chef Daphne Lambert, whose restaurant at Penrhos on the Welsh border was the first in the UK to be awarded organic certification by the Soil Association.

More about Daphne here - http://mamaheaven.org/blog/2011/07/daphne-lambert-nutritionist-chef/#.T7T2b3iURpg

More about Trill Farm here - http://trillfarm.co.uk/

From Graham in Scotland:
The attached photos - taken from my bedroom window - of the Oilseed Rape field opposite my house in Scotland- explains at a glance the challenge my bees are faced with in trying to survive on this farm.  It is a beautiful landscape - but an ecologically dying landscape which is poisonous to bees, butterflies and bumblebees.  If I took a photo in any of the other three directions it would not be any different; oilseed rape (canola) is one of the major crops here in the Border country.
You might find these images useful for slideshows etc,  I have high resolution versions available for printed media.

The images are also on FLICKR and you can link them to web-pages directly with the following links:


Almost all of the Oilseed Rape grown in Britain and Europe is treated with neonicotinoid pesticides at the time the seed is planted. Over the last decade the main neonicotinoid used on OSR has been Imidacloprid; we suspect that it is now being superceded by Clothianidin- which is more toxic to insects and far more persistent in soil and water.

The insecticide Imidacloprid  is 'systemic' - it is coated onto the seeds before planting. When the seed sprouts, it absorbs the poison and distributes it to every part of the growing plant: sap, stem, leaves, flowers and fruit.  The insecticide then poisons any insect which bites the plant to suck its sap.  Unfortunately, the poison also emerges in the nectar and pollen, which is harvested and eaten by bees, bumblebees, butterflies - and many other species of insect.  The poison - Imidacloprid - is 7,000 times more toxic to bees than DDT was - and a dose of just 3 to 5 parts per BILLION in the nectar and pollen causes bees to become disoriented, unable to forage or fly.  Many beekeepers are convinced this is why 4 million colonies have died in America since 2006.  Over a milion bee colonies died in France from 1994 - 1998.  Millions more have died in Argentina, Germany, Italy, Australia.  These neurotoxins are used on over 3 million acres of arable crops in the UK: wheat, barley, OSR, potatoes, tomatoes, fruits etc - this means that both WE and the bees are eating neurotoxic insecticides in every bite of food we consume.  

Neonicotinoids applied as seed dressings kill most invertebrate life UNDER the ground as well as ABOVE. these poisons eradicate earthworms, beetles and insect larvae from the soil - which means there is no food for birds which probe the soil: lapwings, curlews, starlings etc.  The result is that this beautiful scene is effectively an ecological desert; the fields are empty - no insects means no birds. Even the humble sparrow - which has declined by up to 80% in most areas of the UK. MUST have insect food to feed its young.  Wall to wall neonics means no insects; no insects means no young sparrows, starlings, peewits, yellowhammers, partridges, corn buntings etc. etc.

In the USA, more than 240 million acres of crops are treated with Clothianidin at planting - effectively wiping all insect life from that vast area permanently. The poisons are also highly PERSISTENT - Clothianidin has a 'half life' in some soils of up to 19 years; which means that after 57 years - 1/8 of the original insecticide would still persist in the soil.  Of course, if it is used year after year in the same field, the pesticide burden is gigantic. 

          wine and cheese hutch        

wine and cheese hutch

This is a wine cabinet and dish hutch.It is Maple case with federal blue base coat and red pepper top coat.Using milk paint from general finishes.The red pepper was thinned down like ink and just use long brush strokes and when it dried the federal blue comes alive.Also took ice pick and punched holes all around top and sides to look like worm holes plus beat it up with a chain to really distress it. Still have to make doors for center and get glass,my glass company shut the doors so i have to shop for another source
This is a new customer that was referred from a customer of mine.

Viruses are unwanted programs that spread from computer to computer, much the way real viruses do in
humans and animals. They are sometimes very dangerous and can in fact wipe out your entire hard disk
if you are unlucky--and if you don't protect yourself. Taking steps to protect your computer from viruses
is an essential part of any data problem prevention routine.
What is a virus? A computer virus is a program that attaches to other pieces of code, so that when the
user tries to run the original they also unintentionally run the virus code as well; the virus code is
designed to replicate itself and "infect" other programs, possibly in a modified form, and may also
exhibit other behavior as well. So, in order to be a virus, the program must have the ability to do all of
the following:
• Run without the user wanting it to and/or create effects that the programmer wants but that the
user did not want or request.
• Have the ability to "infect" or modify other files or disk structures.
• Replicate itself so it can spread to other files or systems.
Note one thing that is not on this list: a virus does not necessarily have to trash your hard drive or exhibit
other malicious behavior, in order to be a virus. While many viruses do damage files and disk structures,
many are just nuisances or exhibit "prank" behavior such as playing music on the PC speaker or putting
funny phrases on the screen when the system is booted. However, the risk of damage from viruses is
substantial. Many can cause serious data loss; sometimes the virus writer doesn't even intend some of
the effects that the virus produces (viruses can have bugs!). Damage can also occur from program files
being altered when the virus infects them. Often it is not possible to repair the damage, even when the
virus is removed.
There are many different types of viruses. In addition to the classical virus, there are other virus-like
programs that are similar to viruses in terms of how they work and what they do, but differ from them in
one or more respect:
• Worms: A worm is a program that is self-contained and when run, has the ability to spread itself to other systems.
In essence, a worm is a virus that doesn't infect other programs. Instead, it acts independently, seeking to spread to
other computers connected to its current host. They tend to spread over network connections. They can have other
undesirable effects when run.
Note: The acronym "WORM" is also used as a short form for "write once, read many", a storage technology that is
used by devices such as CD-R drives. The concepts are totally unrelated.
• Trojan Horses: A trojan horse is any program that, once run, does something that the user doesn't want or request.
The program doesn't necessarily infect other files or spread to other systems. It is the generic term to refer to any
software that is intentionally coded to do something other than what it is supposed to. Some people think of viruses
as a special form of trojan horse: one that can infect other files (thus turning them into trojan horses) and duplicate
itself. Trojan horses are sometimes just called "trojans" for short.
• Bugs: A bug is an error in a program. It is included here even though it really isn't in the same class as viruses and
trojans, because it is similar to a trojan horse in that it causes behavior other than what the user wanted. The
difference of course is that with a bug, the aberrant behavior is unintentional! With a trojan horse the author is doing
it on purpose.
• Droppers: A dropper is a program designed to install or deliver a virus or trojan horse onto a target system. The
dropper is specially designed to avoid detection by standard virus detection programs, because the virus is specially
encrypted so that the dropper itself doesn't appear to the virus scanners like a regular infected program file would. In
some ways, a dropper is like a "virus egg", waiting to be hatched. They are uncommon.
• Virus Impostors (Joke Programs): Some oh-so-clever programmers have devised cute programs that mimic the
effects of true viruses when they are run but are not considered viruses themselves, or even trojan horses, because
here the user of the file knows that the program is going to do something strange. These are often installed by
someone as a practical joke on his/her coworkers or friends for a good laugh.
          10 Teknologi Masa Depan.!!        
Manusia akan segera memasuki masa depan.
Teknologi bergerak sedemikian cepatnya sehingga dalam waktu tidak lama lagi seluruh dunia akan berubah besar-besaran. Teknologi-teknologi baru yang sedang dikembangkan benar-benar revolusioner, hal-hal yang nyaris tidak pernah terbayangkan sebelumnya oleh para ilmuwan dan hanya ada dalam khayalan-khayalan manusia.

Di suatu hari nanti, manusia mungkin bisa hidup ratusan tahun tanpa mengenal penyakit, memiliki kecerdasan yang genius, dan pergi bertamasya ke luar angkasa.

Ini adalah beberapa teknologi revolusioner yang diperkirakan akan merubah seluruh dunia :
1. Mesin-mesin Cerdas Seukuran Atom, Nanoteknologi
2. Zaman Manusia-manusia Super, Rekayasa Genetika
3. Energi terdahsyat di Alam Semesta, Fusi Nuklir
4. Regenerasi Wolverine, Stem Cell
5. Komputer Kuantum
6. Baju Menghilang Harry Potter, Metamaterial
7. Space Elevator, Tangga Menuju Bintang-bintang
8. Scramjet
9. Hidup Ratusan Tahun, Resveratrol.
10. Penyatuan Manusia dan Mesin, Singularitas.

1. Mesin-mesin Cerdas Seukuran Atom, Nanoteknologi
“Coal and diamonds, sand and computer chips, cancer and healthy tissue: throughout history, variations in the arrangement of atoms have distinguished the cheap from the cherished, the diseased from the healthy. Arranged one way, atoms make up soil, air, and water. Arranged another, they make up ripe strawberries. Arranged one way, they make up homes and fresh air; arranged another, they make up ash and smoke”.Eric Drexler, Engines of Creation

Nanoteknologi adalah segala teknologi masa depan yang memungkinan manusia memanipulasi partikel-partikel super kecil yang besarnya nyaris seukuran atom! Nanometer sendiri adalah ukuran 1/semilyar meter, atau nyaris ketebalan rambut dibelah 50.000. Itulah kedahsyatan teknologi nano.

Tujuannya adalah menciptakan material-material baru masa depan, bahkan mesin-mesin dan robot-robot seukuran partikel. Material-material itu akan bisa lebih kuat dari intan, super ringan, tahan panas dan dingin dengan skala yang ekstrim, mampu menghantarkan listrik lebih baik, lebih tahan lama, ramah lingkungan dan seterusnya.

Kemungkinan aplikasinya benar-benar dahsyat dan akan merubah seluruh dunia. Bayangkan bila kita bisa menciptakan berbagai material baru yang lebih keras dari intan, dan jauh lebih ringan dari baja. (Carbon nanotubes, sp2 bond). Kita bisa menciptakan kerangka super kuat untuk mobil, pesawat terbang, atau bangunan dan jembatan. Dengan bobotnya yang lebih ringan, semua mobil dan pesawat juga akan lebih hemat energi.

Kita bisa menciptakan baju anti kusut dan tahan noda. Kita juga bisa menciptakan robot berukuran bakteria, nanobots, dan memasukanya ke dalam tubuh manusia. Fungsinya bisa dari menyembuhkan penyakit, menghancurkan sel-sel kanker, bahkan memperkuat tubuh manusia (Feynman, ”Swallowing the Doctor”). Nanobots ataupun nanoparticles bahkan nantinya diperkirakan juga akan bisa kembali menutup lubang ozon.

Dengan komponen seukuran nano, kita bisa membuat supercomputer sebesar kotak korek api, dan media penyimpanan data yang menyimpan jutaan gigabyte informasi tentang umat manusia dan seluruh alam semesta, sebesar seujung kuku.
Bagaimana teknologi ini bisa dilakukan? Karena mikroskop super-canggih yang dapat melihat atom sudah ada sejak 1981, Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM), dan Atomic Force Microscope (AFM, 1986).
2. Era Manusia-manusia Super, Rekayasa Genetika

“Human genetic engineering has the potential to change human beings' appearance, adaptability, intelligence, character, and behaviour. It may potentially be used in creating more dramatic changes in humans”.
Wikipedia Genetic Engineering.

Manusia telah berhasil memetakan gennya dalam proyek raksasa “The Human Genome Project”. Dengan data ini manusia mempunyai peta informasi untuk mengeksplorasi fungsi dan potensi dari tiap gen dalam tubuh manusia. Mulai dari gen yang menentukan bentuk fisik manusia, gen penyebab kanker, gen yang membentuk ingatan, gen yang menciptakan kecerdasan, bahkan gen khusus yang mengatur proses penuaan.

Ini nantinya akan memungkinkan dilakukannya rekayasa genetika untuk menciptakan manusia-manusia masa depan yang sangat unggul. Manusia dengan kesehatan sempurna, terbebas dari penyakit, berumur lebih dari 100 tahun dan mempunyai kecerdasan mendekati genius.

Bayangkan bila manusia menemukan gen spesial yang membuat Einstein menjadi genius. Lalu gen itu bisa ditransfer ke seluruh umat manusia. Atau keunggulan fisik David Beckham, atau bahkan kharisma John F. Kennedy.

Tapi rekayasa genetika tidak hanya untuk manusia, tapi juga bisa untuk tumbuhan dan hewan ternak. Rekayasa genetika bisa menciptakan padi dan gandum jenis baru dengan hasil panen yang berkali-kali lipat. Kita juga bisa menciptakan daging sapi yang lebih empuk dan gurih. Kita bahkan juga bisa menciptakan tanaman dan hewan konsumsi dengan nilai gizi yang unggul.

3. Energi Terdahsyat di seluruh Alam Semesta, The Power of the Stars

“What would fusion mean? Endless, cheap energy. Amazing Star Trek, space travel possibilities. Fame, fortune, and undoubtedly a Nobel or two for the lucky scientist”.

The Observer, Desember 2000

Matahari, setiap detiknya, mengeluarkan energi sebesar seluruh energi yang digunakan seluruh umat manusia sepanjang sejarahnya. Energi plasma hidrogen raksasa sebesar 380 Milyar-milyar Mega-Watt (380^26 MW), per detiknya. Inilah energi yang dikenal sebagai energi Fusi Nuklir (Nuclear Fusion), The power of the Sun. Dan para ilmuwan dunia sedang berusaha mendapatkannya.
Dan ini adalah energi yang membuat bintang-bintang raksasa di alam semesta terbakar selama milyaran tahun. Energi terdahsyat, di seluruh alam semesta.

Sebuah percobaan besar sedang dilakukan di kota kecil Cadarache di ujung selatan Perancis dalam sebuah proyek bernama ITER. Disini atom Deuterium dan Tritium dilebur dengan panas mencapai 150 juta derajat Celcius, nyaris 10 kali panas inti Matahari. Wadah peleburannya dilindungi oleh medan magnet Tokamak sehingga tidak meleleh.

Hebatnya adalah bahwa Deuterium bisa dihasilkan dari air laut biasa, dan Tritium dibentuk dari Lithium yang bisa didapat dari batu alam. Energi terdahsyat di seluruh alam semesta dari Air dan Batu alam.

Kalau para ilmuwan ini berhasil menciptakannya, maka seluruh dunia akan mempunyai sumber energi baru yang dahsyat menggantikan minyak bumi. Energi ini akan begitu besar dan efisien, tidak terbatas, sangat murah, serta ramah lingkungan.

(Note : penggunaan nanoteknologi dalam sel photovoltaic tenaga surya, nanocrystal, juga dikatakan memiliki potensi energi super besar yang mampu menggantikan minyak bumi).

4. Regenerasi Wolverine, Stem Cell
Bayangkan bila penyakit jantung dan diabetes bisa disembuhkan secara sempurna, orang lumpuh bisa berjalan, dan orang buta, bisa melihat kembali.

Anda pernah melihat seekor cecak, yang bisa menumbuhkan kembali ekornya yang putus dengan sempurna? Atau jika anda penggemar komik ”X-Men”, anda pasti tahu tokoh superhero bernama Wolverine. Saat tubuhnya tertusuk pisau atau tertembus peluru, dia dapat menyembuhkan lukanya dengan nyaris seketika. Ia dapat meregenerasi seluruh sel-sel tubuhnya dengan sempurna, secara instan.
Tapi itu cuma khayalan. Ada sejenis cacing bernama “planarian worm”, yang banyak hidup di laut maupun sungai, yang mampu menumbuhkan ulang bahkan nyaris seluruh tubuhnya.

Planaria, terutama spesies Schmidtea mediterranea, mampu meregenerasi utuh tubuhnya, bahkan bila tinggal sepotong kecil saja tubuhnya yang tersisa, sampai 1/300 bagian. Dan bila kepalanya dihilangkanpun, dia akan menumbuhkan kembali kepalanya dengan sempurna.

Bagaimana jika manusia bisa melakukan itu nantinya? Jika kita dapat secara langsung mengganti semua sel-sel tubuh kita yang rusak dengan sempurna dan tanpa cacat. Para ilmuwan telah nyaris mencapai keajaiban itu. Teknologi biologi molekular bernama Stem Cell, atau Sel Induk. Ini adalah sel paling dasar dari tubuh manusia, yang bisa berubah, atau dirubah, menjadi sel atau organ apapun di tubuh manusia.

Bila anda memiliki penyakit jantung, maka sel jantung itu bisa diganti dengan stem sel dan jantung anda akan berfungsi normal kembali. Bila anda mengalami kebutaan, sel retina anda bisa diganti dengan sel baru dari sel induk dan anda akan bisa melihat kembali.

Jika anda menderita penyakit yang berhubungan dengan fungsi otak seperti stroke, alzheimer atau parkinson, maka sel otak anda yang rusak, bahkan jaringan pusat otak cerebral cortex, bisa diganti dengan stem cell. Dan kalau anda menderita diabetes, maka stem cell akan menyelamatkan anda dengan meregenerasi sel pankreas penghasil hormon insulin.

Stem Cell benar-benar membawa revolusi besar dalam kesehatan umat manusia.

5. Komputer Kuantum

Bayangkan sebuah komputer masa depan, yang kecepatannya ribuan kali lebih cepat dari supercomputer tercepat sekarang. Ribuan kali lebih cepat dan efisien dari IBM ”Roadrunner” di Los Alamos yang kecepatannya mencapai 1.7 petaflops (1 petaflop = 10^15 operasi per detik).

Inilah kedahsyatan komputer kuantum. Komputer ini begitu dahsyat karena diciptakan memakai fenomena keajaiban dunia kuantum, Superposition dan Quantum Entanglement.

Dalam pemecahan kode misalnya (kriptografi), untuk memecahkan kode yang digitnya sampai 140, komputer biasa akan memerlukan waktu milyaran tahun untuk memecahkannya. Tapi dengan komputer kuantum, ini bisa dipecahkan hanya dalam waktu beberapa puluh menit saja.
Dengan komputer ini manusia juga akan bisa memprediksikan cuaca di bumi dan gejala-gejala alam lain yang sangat kompleks dengan sangat akurat berbulan-bulan sebelumnya, seperti gempa bumi dan tornado. Dan tentu saja ini akan makin merevolusikan lagi kecepatan pengembangan seluruh teknologi canggih yang ada sekarang.

6. Jubah Menghilang Harry Potter, Metamaterial
“The announcement last November of an "invisibility shield," created by David R. Smith of Duke University and colleagues, inevitably set the media buzzing with talk of H. G. Wells's invisible man and Star Trek's Romulans”.
MIT Technology Review

Hanya beberapa tahun yang lalu, seluruh ilmuwan ternama dunia masih yakin bahwa tidak ada satupun material di dunia ini yang bisa membuat manusia menghilang. Itu benar-benar tidak mungkin, karena itu melanggar semua hukum alam yang diketahui manusia. Tapi mereka semua salah..
Metamaterial, menjadi salahsatu bahan yang ramai dibicarakan. Bahan ini bisa membuat sesuatu, menjadi tidak terlihat. Sebuah baju yang menggunakan teknologi ini bisa membuat pemakainya ”menghilang”, seperti jubah ajaib dalam ”Harry Potter”.

Sebuah pesawat tempur dengan bahan metamaterial akan jadi tidak terlihat, bukan sekedar tidak terlihat radar seperti teknologi ”Stealth”, tapi benar-benar tidak terlihat mata seperti alat cloaking device dalam Star Trek.

Ini bisa dilakukan misalnya dengan menciptakan material artifisial yang mampu membelokkan radiasi elektromagnetik, demikian pula dengan cahaya, yang pada dasarnya adalah radiasi elektromagnetik. Bahannya bisa seperti timah dan plastik yang diatur dalam struktur pola tertentu.

Metamaterial akan membelokkan cahaya, mengelilingi obyek yang diselimutinya dan berkumpul kembali di ujungnya, seperti air sungai mengelilingi sebuah batu. Dalam penelitian terakhir di Perdue University mereka menggunakan jarum-jarum khusus yang akan membelokkan cahaya melampaui obyek yang diselubungi sementara obyek di belakangnya akan terlihat.

Material ini sedang diteliti di seluruh dunia termasuk di MIT, University of California Berkeley, Duke University, dan Caltech di LA.

7. Space Elevator, Tangga Menuju Bintang-bintang
Space elevator atau Tangga Luar angkasa adalah seperti lift yang sangat tinggi dari bumi menuju ke orbit bumi di luar angkasa, 35.000 kilometer tingginya. Dengan lift ini perjalanan ke orbit bumi akan menjadi lebih mudah, dan murah.
Banyak orang berharap, bahwa program ruang angkasa yang tadinya berhenti sampai di bulan karena sangat mahal, akan bisa dimulai lagi. Dan mungkin impian manusia untuk pergi ke Mars, akan terwujud.

Lift ini awalnya hanya berupa khayalan, tapi ternyata dengan ditemukannya sebuah teknologi baru, hal ini menjadi sangat memungkinkan diwujudkan. Teknologi itu adalah Carbon nanotube, material baru yang dikatakan lebih kuat dari intan dan lebih ringan dari baja.

Hal ini nantinya akan memungkinkan dimulainya era baru dalam penjelahajan ruang angkasa.

8. Memasuki Era Hiper-Sonik, Scramjet
Scramjet akan menjadi salahsatu revolusi terbesar dalam sejarah transportasi dunia. Pesawat tempur tercanggih di dunia sekarang, F/A-22 Raptor milik Amerika berkecepatan maksimal Mach 2, atau 2 kali kecepatan suara. Pesawat penumpang Scramjet, akan membawa anda terbang dengan kecepatan 10 kali kecepatan suara, Mach 10.
Penerbangan dari New York ke Tokyo yang sekarang ditempuh dalam waktu 18 jam yang panjang dan melelahkan, akan ditempuh Scramjet, hanya dalam 120 menit.

Scramjet tidak perlu memakai bahan bakar roket biasa yang mahal dan berat, bahan bakarnya menggunakan hidrogen cair yang dicampur penyedotan oksigen langsung dari atmosfer (air-breathing scramjet engine). Pembakaran hidrogen dan oksigen pada kecepatan supersonik inilah yang akan mengakselerasikan kecepatannya.

Ini akan membuat penerbangan dari satu tempat ke tempat lain di seluruh dunia menjadi super cepat.

9. Fountain Of Youth, Resveratrol
Mungkin, nantinya kita bisa menemukan sesuatu yang memungkinkan kita hidup ratusan tahun. Tapi para ilmuwan mungkin telah menemukannya, sesuatu yang dinamakan “Sirtuin”, Silent Information Regulator 2 (Sir2) proteins dan resveratrol, zat antioxidan yang ternyata banyak ditemukan dalam buah anggur merah (Jadi sering-seringlah makan buah anggur.)

Tapi para ilmuwan juga telah menciptakan sesuatu yang bahkan lebih kuat dari resveratrol yaitu sebuah obat dengan kode, SRT1720.

“SRT1720 is a thousand times more potent than resveratrol, meaning that it could be taken in smaller doses. A person would have to drink hundreds of glasses of wine to get the same health benefits from resveratrol. Resveratrol will pretty soon look like ancient technology,"
David Sinclair, a biologist at Harvard Medical School

10. Singularitas.

Suatu hari nanti, akan datang suatu masa dimana melalui rekayasa genetika seluruh manusia akan mempunyai fisik dan kecerdasan yang nyaris sempurna.
Lalu dengan kemajuan teknologi komputer, komputer kuantum dan nanoteknologi memungkinkan manusia memasukkan Quantum Computer berukuran partikel ke dalam otaknya dan menggunakan partikel-partikel nano untuk makin memperkuat tubuhnya. Ini adalah hal yang dinamakan Singularitas. Penyatuan antara biologi manusia dengan teknologi.

          These info by and         
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          With Kid-Gloves        
By Paul Haygood A small, untended garden-space Is dug, turned, fed And planted… I in my old holey-blue sweater And green-net hat Feeling quite pagan and quite priestly, Gently setting tiny plants Into the Earth, Giving thanks For sun, water and worms… She seems receptive, this tiny patch Of newly re-cared for earth, And I […]
          mencoba sesuatu yg baru        
Tulisan ini dibuat untuk para newbie yang ingin tahu, dan mencoba sesuatu hal yang baru dan cukup menyenangkan dan mengasikan…he..he… :)
Oke, tanpa banyak cang…cing…cong….nyak..babeh…, mari kita mulai dengan ‘Black Project’ yang akan kita ciptakan, siap….????? Oke kita mulai…..
Tapi sebelumnya ada yang tau VB+Vimaker32 ga??? Oke, mungkin biar ga bingung and ga tersesat nantinya , saya akan jelaskan sedikit. VB+ViMaker32 adalah sebuah worm generator yang diciptakan khusus untuk menciptakan worm secara mudah,cepat dan instan atau istilah gaulnya GPLLY (ga pake lama la yaw)
Sesuai dengan namanya program ini dapat menciptakan worm dalam bahasa Visual Basic yang akan mempunyai aksi-aksi tertentu sesuai dengan pengaturan yang diberikan. (Bener-bener sesuai dengan pengaturan yang kita kasih lho….), so buat para newbie yang pengen jadi #VM (Virus Maker bo…!) bisa pake ni program buat belajar. Tapi Cuma buat belajar lho, bukan buat mainan atawa yang laen apalagi buat ngerusak komputer orang laen, sesuai dengan tujuan dibuatnya tool ini, Cuma buat pendidikan dan ilmu pengetahuan, (Itu kata pembuatnya….).Oh ya Program ini bisa didownload gratis di: http://www.spyrozone.net di menu Vir&Worm + Removal. Atau e-mail aj ke sang empunya di: rzwan182@gmail.com.
Oke dech langsung aj kali ye… bis cape ngomong terus dari tadi ga mulai-mulai neh…J Tapi sebelum kita memulai membuat ‘Black Project’ dengan tool ini kita membutuhkan beberapa persyaratan dan tools, yang semuanya bisa didownload di dapur kalian masing-masing:
  1. Sebuah gelas yang berisi air panas lengkap dengan sendoknya.
  2. Satu sachet cappuccino rasa apa saja yang belum kadaluwarsa, klo ini bisa didownload di warung terdekat…
  3. Cemilan, kalo bisa yang enak dan ga mengandung lemak.
  4. Hati, Pikiran dan niat yang tulus dan ikhlas untuk menanggung segala macam akibat dan resiko yang terjadi apabila kesalahan atau ketidaksengajaan yang menyebabkan worm yang dibuat menjadi raja dikomputer sendiri (sejenis senjata makan tuan gtu…)
Sekarang benar-benar mulai deh, setelah didownload, pertama install dulu program VB+Vimaker32-nya tapi sebelumnya backup dulu data2 penting untuk mencegah sesuatu yang tidak diinginkan, truz jalanin file .exe nya, lalu pilih File->Project Baru (Full Load) atau tekan Ctrl+M di keyboard.
Masukan semua keterangan tentang virus yang akan dibuat beserta pengaturan-pengaturan lainnya, seperti pengaturan Informasi Virus, Registry, Message dan dll. Masukan semuanya sesuai dengan keinginan, untuk lebih lengkapnya buka aja dokumentasinya yang disertakan. Semua informasi pengaturan settings dll ada disitu. Yang menarik dari program ini adalah karna banyak pengaturan dan kustomasi yang bisa diatur sendiri sesuai dengan kebutuhan, tidak seperti program worm generator lainnya yang cuma tinggal masukin nama pembuat dan pesan yang akan ditampilkan, terasa kurang bebas dan leluasa gt.
Untuk pengaturan tentang registry yang akan diubah bisa diambil di menu Tools-> Registry Action Selector, terdapat 50 Registry Entry yang bisa dipilih, tinggal pilih truz double klik di setingan registry-nya. Truz klik Insert, Cut dan paste di section [REGISTRY]. Selain itu worm yang dibuat dengan tools ini juga bisa membaca caption window yang aktif sehingga jika caption tersebut ada dalam daftar terlarang maka akan otomatis dilumpuhkan. Untuk memilih daftar window caption yang akan dilumpuhkan gunakan Window Caption Selector di menu Tools. Disitu ada 176 daftar caption yang bisa dipilih. Tuh kan ga beda jauh dengan worm lokal sejenisnya. Pokokenya top bgt nih program! He..he…
Jangan lupa icon virusnya juga bisa diubah, untuk mengganti icon default tinggal ubah di subsection : EXEIcon = \Icons Source\Folder\Folder001.ico
Terdapat banyak pilihan icon yang disediakan didalam folder Icons Source, so tinggal pilih aja…
Terakhir dan merupakan saat yang ditunggu-tunggu adalah melakukan pemeriksaan kode yang telah diketik sebelum dicompile menjadi virus. Klik menu Project->Analisa Project atau tekan F8 untuk menganalisa kode, setelah analisa selesai dan tidak ada kesalahan penulisan kode yang dideteksi maka ‘Black Project’ yang kita buat bisa langsung dicompile. Tekan F9 untuk mengcompile project dan sebuah pesan peringatan akan muncul dan menanyakan apakah proses compile akan dilajutkan, baca dulu semua konsekuensinya truz klo setuju klik yes, maka virus yang kita buat akan langsung dicompile menjadi file executable (.exe)
File hasil compile memang cukup besar karena tidak otomatis dikompres secara internal, tapi kita masih bisa mengompres dengan program kompresor lain seperti UPX atau tElock. Akhir kata selamat ber-Virus Maker xxx Semoga artikel ini bermanfaat dan sungguh tak ada niat dari penulis sedikitpun untuk memotivasi agar membuat virus dengan tool ini, tujuan penulis tidak lain hanya berbagi informasi dan pengetahuan dan penulis tidak bertanggung jawab atas segala resiko apapun yang terjadi akibat dari penyalahgunaan artikel ini. Dan penulis ucapkan terima kasih kepada jasakom yang telah bersedia mempublish artikel ini.

          Dracula's Blood, Franken-Worms and More at Grand Rapids Public Museum        
It might be a very scary time for kids at the Grand Rapids Public Museum this October, because they'll be working with Dracula's blood. Creeeeeeeeeepy! Continue reading…
          7 Reasons I Love My Kindle Paperwhite & How It Remarkably Transformed My Life!        

  I was jealous of my oldest son. I started reading to him as a baby and as a kid, he was a voracious bookworm. I couldn’t get enough books for him to read, we had to keep going to bigger bookstores and libraries to find new books that interested him.   I was also…

The post 7 Reasons I Love My Kindle Paperwhite & How It Remarkably Transformed My Life! appeared first on Mom's Small Victories.

           Dog Bichon         
السعر: 80 د. أ,
2 month male Bichon for sale for 80$ very cute and friendly dewormed and vaccinated the reason for sell that I also have onther 3 and his mom https://olxliban.com/ad/dog-bichon-ID6XGQs.html
           Dog Bichon         
السعر: 80 د. أ,
Male Bichon for sale at 80$ they are 2 month dewormed and vaccinated https://olxliban.com/ad/dog-bichon-ID6XGQe.html
          [5.15] Morning Round-Up: Cyber Attack Spurs Concern For Thailand’s Critical Infrastructure        

Here’s what you should know today. 1. Cyber attack ‘WannaCry worm’ spurs concern for critical infrastructure A Thai cybersecurity expert has urged all Window-based computer users to update their software to defend against the latest global cyberattack,...

The post [5.15] Morning Round-Up: Cyber Attack Spurs Concern For Thailand’s Critical Infrastructure appeared first on ecommerceIQ - Ecommerce in Southeast Asia, Reports, Data, Insights.

          Manufacturers slash 7-series motherboard pricing         

Early bird catches the worm

Although Intel is yet to deliver the official announcement on its 7-series chipsets, Digitimes quotes sources from the market claiming that main motherboard makers are already slashing the prices.

The same sources claim that these companies initially planned to increase prices in order to compensate for growing costs of copper. However, the slowdown in growth of shipments means that price wars will be the name of the game. Naturally, we like such games. 

Many manufacturers already sell their motherboards in the channel, in order to get a head start and decrease pricing of mid-range and entry-level products. These price drops are said to range from 3-10 percent and should ensure an even bigger piece of the cake for these companies.

More here.

          READING 2013-14        
These are the readings for you to read throughout this year, we hope you´ll enjoy them!


Dead Man´s Money. Oxford 
Activities: answers

Advanced 1

Crime Never Pays. Short stories. Oxford.

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 08-03-2017 with Sandman        

Richard Cheese- Enter Sandman - Apertif For Destruction
The Afghan Whigs- Light As A Feather - In Spades
Brent Cowles- Cold Times - Cold Times EP
St Paul The Broken Bones- Flow With It You Got Me Feeling Like - Sea Of Noise
Dan Auerbach- Cherrybomb - Waiting On A Song
Benjamin Booker- Motivation - Witness
- voicebreak -
Jason Isbell And The 400 Unit- White Mans World - The Nashville Sound
Old 97s- All Who Wander - Graveyard Whistling
True Believers- Tell Her - Hard Road
Black Joe Lewis The Honeybears- PTP - Backlash
- voicebreak -
Carmen- Tales Of Spain - Fandangos In Space Dancing On A Cold Wind
Thundercat- Show You The Way feat Michael McDonald Kenny Loggins - Drunk
- voicebreak -
Seun Kuti- African Soldier - From Africa With Fury Rise
Amadou Et Mariam- La Realite - Dimanche A Bamako
The Semi Colon- Isi Agboncha - The World Ends Afro Rock Psychedelia In 1970s Nigeria
Andy Palacio The Garifuna Collective- Miami - Watina
Valerie June- Shakedown - The Order Of Time
Michael Kiwanuka- Black Man In A White World - Love Hate
Pickwick- Light It Up Let It Burn - LoveJoys
- voicebreak -
Juana Molina- Cosoco - Halo
Troupe Carnivle- Seller Of Dreams - Skaal Krush
Tristen- Glass Jar - Sneaker Waves
Courtney Barnett- How To Boil An Egg - How To Boil An Egg Single
Tedeschi Trucks Band- Let Me Get By - Live From The Fox Oakland
- voicebreak -
Nathaniel Rateliff The Night Sweats- I Did It - A Little Something More From
Wilco- One Hundred Years From Now - Return Of The Grievous Angel A Tribute To Gram Parsons
Ryan Adams- Jacksonville - Jacksonville Paxam Single Series Vol 2 Single
Low Cut Connie- Dirty Water - Dirty Pictures Pt 1
White Reaper- Judy French - The Worlds Best American Band
SleaterKinney- Bury Our Friends - No Cities To Love
- voicebreak -
Lila Downs Mariachi Juvenil De Tecalitln- La Llorona - Frida Soundtrack From The Motion Picture
Flaco Jimenez- Marina - Partners
Calexico- Corona - Convict Pool
The Shins- Dead Alive - Heartworms
Le Trouble- Vampires - Making Matters Worse
Radiohead- Pearly Remastered - OK Computer OKNOTOK 1997 2017
- voicebreak -
Queens Of The Stone Age- The Way You Used To Do - Villains
Royal Blood- Hook Line Sinker - How Did We Get So Dark

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-08-03
          EXTRA READING        

If you really want to improve your English, you should read something throughout the summer. Here you can find some suggestions:


From the Cradle to the Grave   (short stories)

 Can you keep a secret?

Driving over lemons

          Zombie Minion Pumpkin 2015        
Happy Halloween!

Here is my carved pumpkin for this year--it's a Zombie Minion!!

I painted him with yellow acrylic paint and then sponged on some neon green paint to "dead" him up a bit. hehe

I painted a plastic top silver for his eye goggle and printed out a Minion eye. I painted the strap for the goggles with black paint.

The only part of the pumpkin that I carved was his teeth. I gave him a startled mouth and only 3 teeth. I added some blood with red paint.

I painted his overalls blue and added some white dash stitching lines. I added 2 black buttons and printed out his logo which I attached to his pocket.

Now for my favourite part of the entire pumpkin--his exposed brain! haha I used pink Sculpey Clay and added lots of blood...I even made some worms. 

And lastly, I took some plastic drinking straws, painted them black and stuck them into the top of his head for hair. 

Thanks for having a look.

Talk to ya soon xx
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-12-2017 with Dave Blackwood        

William Onyeabor- Body And Soul - World Psychedelic Classics 5 Who Is William Onyeabor
Various Artists- Erik Showboy Akaeze We Dey Find Money - Nigeria Afrobeat Special 1970s Nigeria
Here Lies Man- Here Lies Man - Here Lies Man
The Black Angels- Currency - Death Song
Charles Bradley- Changes - Heavy Nuggets Vol 4 13 Sabbath Inspired Tracks
Your Old Droog- Help feat Edan Wiki - Packs
Guided By Voices- 5 Degrees On The Inside - August By Cake
Pissed Jeans- The Bar Is Low - Why Love Now
The Magnetic Fields- 74 No - 50 Song Memoir
The Moonlandingz- Vessels - Interplanetary Class Classics
Temples- Certainty - Volcano
Moon Duo- The Death Set - Occult Architecture Vol 1
King Gizzard The Lizard Wizard- Doom City - Flying Microtonal Banana
Animal Collective- Peacemaker - The Painters EP
Ty Segall- Waterloo Sunset - Something Else A Tribute To The Kinks
Ty Segall- Break A Guitar - Ty Segall
- voicebreak -
The Feelies- Been Replaced - In Between
Sneaks- Devo - Its A Myth
The Buttertones- Sadies A Sadist - Gravedigging
The Courtneys- Silver Velvet - The Courtneys II
- voicebreak -
Sir Was- Digging A Tunnel - Digging A Tunnel
Damaged Bug- Bog Dash - Bunker Funk
- voicebreak -
Freelsds Badtrip- Talking Spells - Freelsds Badtrip EP
Chicano Batman- Freedom Is Free - Freedom Is Free
Ty Richards- Spaceman - Zillion
Flo Morrissey And Matthew E White- Grease - Gentlewoman Ruby Man
The Residents- Gods Magic Finger - Wormwood
Mouse On The Keys- Earache - Out Of Body EP
Clark- Peak Magnetic - Death Peak
Lettuce- Ransome - Mt Crushmore
Vibronics Meets Conscious Sounds- Hail Up Dub - Half Century Dub

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2017-04-12
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-04-2017 with Barry Roark        

Grandaddy- Thats What You Get For Gettin Outta Bed - Last Place
Tom Petty The Heartbreakers- Louisiana Rain - Damn The Torpedoes
Various Artists- Destiny - Chillout 2002
Tot La Momposina- Adios Fulana - The Garabato Sessions EP
Spoon- Can I Sit Next To You - Hot Thoughts
Chastity Belt- Different Now - I Used To Spend So Much Time Alone
The Moonlandingz- The Cities Undone - Interplanetary Class Classics
Patrick Watson- Places You Will Go - Love Songs For Robots
Leftover SalmonCracker- Eurotrash Girl - O Cracker Where Art Thou
Slowdive- Sugar For The Pill - Slowdive
Moon Duo- Creepin - Occult Architecture Vol 1
Kevin Morby- Come To Me Now - City Music
Can- Midnight Men - Lost Tapes Box Set
CANT- Rises Silent - Dreams Come True
Mono- Follow The Map - Hymn To The Immortal Wind
- voicebreak -
The Shins- The Fear - Heartworms
Chaz Bundick Meets The Mattson 2- Disco Kid - Star Stuff
Lady Wray- Let It Go - Queen Alone
Weezer- Feels Like Summer - Feels Like Summer Single
Rolling Blackouts Coastal Fever- French Press - The French Press EP
Chuck Berry- Big Boys - Chuck
- voicebreak -
The Feelies- In Between Reprise - In Between
Blakroc- What You Do To Me - Blakroc
Depeche Mode- Fail - Spirit Deluxe
Joe Goddard- Music Is The Answer - Electric Lines Deluxe Version
King Crimson- Sex Sleep Eat Drink Dream - THRAK Expanded Edition
Ride- Home Is A Feeling - Weather Diaries
- voicebreak -
Tricky- Escape - Ghost In The Shell Music Inspired By The Motion Picture
Portugal The Man- Feel It Still - Feel It Still Single
The Afghan Whigs- Demon In Profile - In Spades
Salmonella Dub- Same Home Town - Same Home Town Single

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2017-04-04
          Worm Sex        
After sex, Macrostomum lignano flatworms suck out unwanted sperm. So, their sperm have bristles to help them stay in place. The sperm of related worms, which don't suck out sperm, have no bristles. This led researchers to conclude sex shapes sperm.
          15.10.17 20:00 Uhr - Nürnberg - KATAKLYSM - 25th Anniversary Tour 2017 „one moment in time“        
Tickets erhältlich unter: http://www.frankentipps.de/veranstaltung206330-tickets

Die kanadischen Hyperblaster KATAKLYSM werden 2017 ihr 25-jähriges Bandbestehen feiern. Anlässlich dieses Jubiläums wird die Band spezielle Konzerte spielen und ihre Klassikeralben „Shadows & Dust“ und „Serenity In Fire“ in voller Länge auf die Bühnen Europas bringen.

Die Band kommentiert: „Es ist kaum zu glauben, dass es bereits 25 Jahre her ist, es fühlt sich an als sei es gestern gewesen, dass wir rebellische Highschool-Schüler waren und eine Band namens KATAKLYSM gegründet haben. Wenn man bedenkt, was wir alles durchgemacht haben, steht die Band noch immer sehr gut da, aber wenn man wirklich darüber nachdenkt, dann können bereits wenige Worte alles zusammenfassen: Durchhaltevermögen, Stärke, Überzeugung und Ehrlichkeit - das waren und sind noch immer die Schlüsselelemente für KATAKLYSMs Erfolg, ebenso die bewährten Killerhymnen!

Wir haben diesen Moment genutzt, um innezuhalten und zu reflektieren und kamen zum Entschluss, dass wir dieses Ereignis feiern sollten. Denn es gelingt nicht vielen Bands, nach einer 25-jährigen Karriere noch immer von Bedeutung für die Welt zu sein. Zudem ist uns aufgefallen, dass eines unserer Durchbruchsalben, \"Shadows & Dust\", 2017 15 Jahre alt wird. Wie könnten wir unseren Fans also besser danken als zu diesem Klassikeralbum und zu dessen Nachfolgeplatte \"Serenity In Fire\", zu zwei Meilensteilen in KATAKLYSMs noch immer gut laufender Karriere, zurückzukehren?

Schließlich haben wir uns dazu entschieden, ein spezielles Ereignis daraus zu machen, in ausgewählten Städten zu spielen und die Idee mit einer Tour namens „A Moment In Time: Shadows & Dust vs. Serenity In Fire“ zum Leben zu erwecken. KATAKLYSM werden beide Alben in voller Länge darbieten und eine brandneue Bühnenshow mitbringen, die an die beiden Alben angepasst sein wird. Als Einheizer für diese Specialshows haben KATAKLYSM ihre alten Freunde von Graveworm aus Italien eingeladen. Diese haben KATAKLYSM bereits zu „Shadows & Dust“- und „Serenity In Fire“-Zeiten in Europa und den USA supportet. Wir sind enorm auf diese Tour gespannt, es wird eine einmalige Angelegenheit für die Städte, in denen wir spielen werden. Also lasst Euch das nicht entgehen, wir werden diese Tour nicht wiederholen. Stellt sicher, dass ihr vorbeikommt und mit uns unser 25-jähriges Jubiläum feiert!“
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 05-03-2016 with Barry Roark        

The Big Pink- Hightimes - Empire Underground EP
The Feelies- Bluer Skies - Here Before
Josh Ritter- Where The Night Goes - Sermon On The Rocks
The Philistines Jr- 55 MPH - Analog Vs Digital
Yuck- Swirling - Stranger Things
Nikki Sudden- The Bagman The Twangman - The Jewel Thief Expanded
Phil X- Singin My Song For Money - Whatever Happened To Your Loving Heart
Marco With Love- Waiting Around To Die - Smothered And Covered
POP ETC- Please Dont Forget Me - Souvenir
Blonde Redhead- Mind To Be Had - Barragn
- voicebreak -
Br Gr- Bad Waves - Have You Lost Your Faith In God
Frightened Rabbit- Lump Street - Painting Of A Panic Attack
Leonard Cohen- If It Be Your Will - Live In Dublin
The Mommyheads- Set List Title Cableguy - If A Lot Of Bands Play In The Woods Original Album And CoversRemix Album
Tokyo Police Club- Set List Title Cableguy Remix - If A Lot Of Bands Play In The Woods Original Album And CoversRemix Album
The Philistines Jr- The Russians Burned My Uncles House Down - Analog Vs Digital
Lee Scratch Perry- Dub Fire - Black Ark Classic Songs
Tortoise- Its All Around You - Its All Around You
- voicebreak -
Luna- Superfreaky Memories - The Days Of Our Nights
The Brian Jonestown Massacre- Groove Is In The Heart - Work In Progress
Kasey Chambers- Tear Stained Eye - Tear Stained Eye
Portastatic- Oh My Sweet Carolina - Some Small History
Charles Bradley- You Think I Dont Know But I Know - Changes
- voicebreak -
The For Carnation- The Joys Of Fever - Sounds Of The Geographically Challenged 19972000
Easy Star AllStars- Time Featuring Corey Harris Ranking Joe - Dub Side Of The Moon A Reggae Version Of Pink Floyds Dark Side Of The Moon
Rise Robots Rise- Mars - Rise Robots Rise
Son Volt- Ten Second News Live At The Bottom Line 21296 - Trace Expanded Remastered
- voicebreak -
Explosions In The Sky- Trembling Hands - Take Care Take Care Take Care
Jeffrey Lee Pierce- The Midnigh Promise - Wildweed
My Morning Jacket- Weeks Go By Like Days - Chapter 1 The Sandworm Cometh Early Recordings
Meat Puppets- The Losing End - Keats Rides A Harley Remastered
Tanya Donelly- Miranda Pacifically - Swan Song Series

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2016-05-03
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-28-2016 with Rett Rogers        

The Winstons- Amen Brother - Color Him Father
Kamasi Washington- Re Run Home - The Epic
The Sandals- Theme From the Endless Summer - The Endless Summer Original Soundtrack From The Motion Picture
Wanda Jackson- Fujiyama Mama - Rockin With Wanda
High Plains Honky Tonk- Country Coozy - Good High Flyin
US Tygers- Thats Alright Mama - Us Tygers
Casey James Prestwood And The Burning Angels- When The Grass Grows Over Me - The Jukebox Is Busted Vol 1
Merle Haggard- Mama Tried - The Lonesome Fugitive
The Taylor Brothers- Mothers Advice - The Best Of Nashboro Gospel
Nina Simone- Blues For Mama - Sugar In My Bowl The Very Best Of Nina Simone 19671972
Odetta- Mama Told Me Not To Come - Odetta
Ramsey Lewis- Mother Natures Son - Mother Natures Son
Can- Mother Sky From Deep End - Soundtracks Remastered
The Strange Boys- Mama Shelter - Live Music
Cream- Lawdy Mama - Disraeli Gears Deluxe Edition
Devendra Banhart- Hey Mama Wolf - Cripple Crow
Lenguas Largas- I Feel - Lenguas Largas
Black Mountain- Florian Saucer Attack - IV
Iron Maiden- Hallowed Be Thy Name - The Number Of The Beast
David Axelrod- Warning Talk Part One - The Edge David Axelrod At Capitol Records 19661970
UFO- Doctor Doctor Live - Strangers In The Night Live Remastered
Kevin Morby- Cut Me Down - Singing Saw
PJ Harvey- The Wheel - The Hope Six Demolition Project
Ondatrpica- Swing De Gillian - Ondatrpica Deluxe Versin
Crass- Mother Earth - Stations Of The Crass
The Misfits- Mommy Can I Go Out Kill Tonight Fox Studio 1983 - Collection
Little Richard- True Fine Mama - The Essential Little Richard Remastered
Link Wray- Juke Box Mama - Link Wray
The Penetrators- Baby Dontcha Tell Me - Basement Anthology 197684
Ex Hex- Dont Wanna Lose - Rips
Bleached- Keep On Keepin On - Welcome The Worms
John Lennon- Mind Games - Mind Games

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2016-04-28
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-13-2016 with Dave Blackwood        

Ronnie Spector- Tired Of Waiting - English Heart
Elephant Revival- When I Fall - Petals
Bombino- Akhar Zaman - Azel
Ananda Shankar- Dancing Drums - The Rough Guide To A World Of Psychedelia
Moderat- Running - III
Kaskade- C3P0s Plight - Star Wars Headspace
The Cave Singers- Thats Why - Banshee
Miike Snow- My Trigger - Iii
Marco Benevento- III Walking With Tyrone - The Story Of Fred Short
Dr Dog- Dead Record Player - The Psychedelic Swamp
Death By Unga Bunga- Best Friends - Pineapple Pizza
Parquet Courts- Human Performance - Human Performance
Teleman- Drop Out - Brilliant Sanity
Kraftwerk- Showroom Dummies - TRANSEUROPE EXPRESS
Br Gr- Choppa - Have You Lost Your Faith In God
Starwalker- Blue Hawaii - Starwalker
Holy Wave- She Put A Seed In My Ear - Freaks Of Nurture
Fauna Shade- Bazzle Shabazz - Floral Hall EP
Black Mountain- Mothers Of The Sun - IV
The Range- Regular - Potential
Saul Williams- Think Like They Book Say - MartyrLoserKing
Underworld- I Exhale - Barbara Barbara We Face A Shining Future
- voicebreak -
Liima- Amerika - II
Public Memory- Ringleader - Wuthering Drum
Iggy Pop- American Valhalla - Post Pop Depression
Heartless Bastards- Jean Genie - A Salute To The Thin White Duke The Songs Of David Bowie
Andrew Bird- Capsized - Are You Serious
Lukas Nelson Promise Of The Real- Something Real - Something Real
- voicebreak -
The Yawpers- Doing It Right - American Man
Ray LaMontagne- Part One Hey No Pressure - Ouroboros
Kitten Forever- Temple - 7 Hearts
Bleached- Sour Candy - Welcome The Worms
Deep Throats- Good Bad Pretty - Good Bad Pretty
- voicebreak -
Night Moves- Carl Sagan - Pennied Days
The Heavy- Since You Been Gone - Hurt The Merciless

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2016-04-13
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-19-2016 with Farrell Lowe        

Flying Lotus- Me YesterdayCorded - Until The Quiet Comes
Faust- Untitled - The Faust Tapes
HuunHuurTu- Chylandyk - If Id Been Born An Eagle
Nublu Orchestra- Downstairs - Nublu Orchestra
Evelyn Glennie- Attack Of The Glow Worm - Shadow Behind Iron Sun
- voicebreak -
David Thomas And Two Pale Boys- Spider In My Stew - Surfs Up
Evelyn Glennie- Battle Cry - Shadow Behind Iron Sun
Calexico Jim James- Goin To Acapulco - Im Not There Original Soundtrack Bonus Track Version
Albert Marcoeur- Comment Tu Tsens - MAR Et Coeur Comme Coeur
Deerhoof- Siriustar - The Runners Four
Ikue Mori- Abacus Blue Parrot - Garden
Carla Bley- Escalator Over The Hill - Escalator Over The Hill
Deerhoof- Fresh Born - Offend Maggie
HANS REICHEL- Alien Nipples - Coco Bolo Nights
JACK Quartet- The Boreal I Live - Elliott Sharp The Boreal
Brian Blade The Fellowship Band- Embers - Landmarks
Bill Frisell- Surfer Girl - Guitar In The Space Age
Karnak- Hymboraewqueyra - Karnak
The Beach Boys- Magic Transistor Radio - Holland
John Schott- The World Is Upside Down - Typical Orchestra
Carla Kihlstedt Matthias Bossi- Niagara Falling - Niagara Falling Tales For The Stage III EP
David Bowie- Segue Algeria Touchshriek - Outside
David Bowie- Ashes To Ashes - Scary Monsters Remastered
Tyondai Braxton- Boids - HIVE1
The Beach Boys- Radio King Dom - Holland
Alice Cooper- Changing Arranging - Pretties For You
Bill Frisell- Bryants Boogie - Guitar In The Space Age
Love- You Set The Scene - Forever Changes
Various Artists- Shantel Vs Taraf De Haidouks Duba Duba Si Hora - Electric Gypsyland 2
Bad Brains- I Against I - I Against I
David Simons- PicassoRossinrape II - Prismatic Hearing
Flying Lotus- Melt - Los Angeles
Spring Heel Jack- ChiaroScuro - Masses
Massacre- Legs - Killing Time
X- Nausea - Los Angeles

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2016-02-19
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-15-2016 with DJ Girlfawkes        

OK Go- Upside Down Inside Out - Hungry Ghosts
- voicebreak -
Radioactivity- Battered - Silent Kill
The Dirty Nil- No Weaknesses - Higher Power
War On Women- Servilia - War On Women
Greys- The Voyeur - Repulsion EP
- voicebreak -
Black Eyes- Deformative - Black Eyes
Dogs On Acid- Flushed - Dogs On Acid
Daniel Ellsworth The Great Lakes- Get Mine - Get Mine Single
- voicebreak -
Spirit Animal- Regular World - Regular World Single
Wild Nothing- TV Queen - Life Of Pause
Jungle- The Heat - Jungle
Dan Deacon- When I Was Done Dying - Gliss Riffer
- voicebreak -
The Beverleys- Visions - Brutal
Harriet- Irish Margaritas - American Appetite
White Fang- Bong Rip - Chunks
Dilly Dally- Purple Rage - Sore
Bully- Too Tough - Feels Like
Bleached- Keep On Keepin On - Welcome The Worms
Ishi- Mother Prism - Digital Wounds
Operators- Cold Light - Blue Wave
Albert Hammond Jr- Born Slippy - Momentary Masters
Jack Garratt- Fire - Phase
- voicebreak -
The Dandy Warhols- You Are Killing Me - Distortland
Shilpa Ray- Johnny Thunders Fantasy Space Camp - Last Years Savage
Cherry Glazerr- Had Ten Dollaz - Had Ten Dollaz Single
Into It Over It- Required Reading - Standards
- voicebreak -
Western Plaza- Tornado Dream - Western Plaza
PJ Harvey- The Wheel - The Hope Six Demolition Project
PINS- Baby Bhangs - Wild Nights
Gardens Villa- Black Hills - Gardens Villa
- voicebreak -
Dan Deacon- Feel The Lightning - Gliss Riffer
Eagulls- Lemontrees - Lemontrees Single
Rose Windows- Glory Glory - Rose Windows
- voicebreak -
CocoRosie- Lost Girls - Heartache City
Palm- Ankles - Trading Basics
Soda Shop- Grow Up - Grow Up Single
Ought- Beautiful Blue Sky - Sun Coming Down
Scooter Island- Breezy feat Zoe Penina - Scooter Island EP
Heaters- Kamikaze - Holy Water Pool

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2016-02-15
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 09-07-2015 with Farrell Lowe        

Meredith Monk- Evas Song - Book Of Days
John Zorn- Rahal - Lucifer The Book Of Angels Volume 10
Tribecastan- Please Dont Let Me Be Misunderstood - New Deli
Evelyn Glennie- Attack Of The Glow Worm - Shadow Behind Iron Sun
United States Of America- Cloud Song - The United States Of America
Art Bears- The Song Of The Martyrs - Winter Songsthe Worls As It Is Today
Vinicius Cantuaria- Sutis Diferencas - Sol Na Cara
Pearls Before Swine- I Saw The World - The Complete ESPDisk Recordings
Frank Pahl Klimperei- Papillons - Music For Desserts
Dave Douglas- Tough - Moonshine
Cluster Eno- Wermut - Cluster Eno
John Zorn- Dot Dot Dot - Locus Solus
Heiner Goebbels- Haches Couteaux Tentacules - Ou Bien Le Dbarquement Dsastreux
T Rex- Lean Woman Blues - Electric Warrior Remastered
John Fahey- Jesus Is A Dying Bedmaker - America Remastered
Os Mutantes- Dia 36 - Mutantes Live Barbican Theater
- voicebreak -
Can- Little Star Of Bethlehem - Delay 1968 Remastered
Ern Kirly- Reflections No 2 II Scherzo - Phoenix The Music Of Ern Kirly
Material- Upriver - Memory Serves
Eyvind Kang- Berdache - Theater Of Mineral NADEs
- voicebreak -
Wadada Leo Smith Walter Quintus Katya Quintus Miroslav Tadic Mark Nauseef- Kawami Wama - Snakish
The Residents- Summertime - George James
Steve Lacy- Shuffle Boil - More Monk
Terje Rypdal- Remember To Remember - Skywards
Le Mystere Des Voix Bulgares- Song From The Thracian Plain - Le Mystere Des Voix Bulgares
Erik Friedlander- Tapuz - Grains Of Paradise
Pierre Bastien Klimperei- Cinetique Exentrique - Mecanologie Portative
Material- Soul Killer Remote Control Mix - Seven Souls Bonus Version
Moebius Plank- Feedback 66 - Rastakraut Pasta
Robert Plant Alison Krauss- Your Long Journey - Raising Sand
Junk Genius- Aberdeen - Ghost Of Electricity
Look De Bouk- The Thingamabobbing - Le Mounde Entier Moins Le Mondes
Aksak Maboul- A Modern Lesson - Un Peu De Lme Des Bandits
Frank Pahl Klimperei- Crepes Suzette - Music For Desserts
Mick Karn- Bones Of Mud - Bestial Cluster The Tooth Mother
Dino Saluzzi Anthony Cox David Friedman- Rios - Rios
Pentangle- Pentangling - Early Classics
Brian Eno- Seven Deadly Finns - Eno Box Ii
Jeff Beck- Why Lord Oh Why - Jeff
HANS REICHEL- Prelude To Onkel Boskopp II - LOWER LURUM
Mission Of Burma- Einsteins Day - Vs Remastered Bonus Track Version
Jon Hassell- Maarifa Street - Maarifa Street

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2015-09-07
          Making Compost and what to avoid        
The following items should not be put on your compost heap : Citrus fruit peelings –  they repel worms Corn on the cob and broccoli stems – they take too long to break down and we inevitably have to sieve them out at the end of the year Leftover meat and fish Dairy products Perennial […]
          Unsupervised Learning: No. 83        

This week’s topics: Petya ransomware worm, RNC breach, Anthem settlement, Russians want source code, risk ratings, patching, ICOs, ideas, discovery, recommendation, aphorism, and more… This is Episode No. 83 of Unsupervised Learning—a weekly show where I curate 3-5 hours of reading in infosec, technology, and humans into a 15 to 30 minute summary. The goal is to catch...


I do a weekly show called Unsupervised Learning, where I curate the most interesting stories in infosec, technology, and humans, and talk about why they matter. You can subscribe here.

          3 Factors That Determine the Effectiveness of a Worm        

With WannaCry and now with Petya we’re getting to see how and why some ransomware worms are more effective than others. [ Jul 3, 2017 — It’s now pretty well accepted that Petya wasn’t ransomware but a wiper instead. The post still applies to ransomware, though. ] I think there are 3 main factors: Propagation, Payload, and Payment....


I do a weekly show called Unsupervised Learning, where I curate the most interesting stories in infosec, technology, and humans, and talk about why they matter. You can subscribe here.

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 03-03-2015 with Barry Roark        

- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
The Lovin Spoonful- Nashville Cats - Truckers Kickers Cowboy Angels The Blissed Out Birth Of Country Rock Volume 1 19661968
The Band- Up On Cripple Creek - Truckers Kickers Cowboy Angels The Blissed Out Birth Of Country Rock Volume 2 1969
Dave Ray- It Should Have Been Me - Legacy
Oladepo Ogomodede- Take Five - Spiritual Jazz 5 The World
The Reverend Peytons Big Damn Band- Pot Roast And Kisses - So Delicious
Dixie Peach- Dont Want To Wait - Blues With Friends
Folk Implosion- Natural One - Kids Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
The Growlers- Rare Hearts - Chinese Fountain
- voicebreak -
Dub Spencer Trance Hill- Enter Sandman Metallica - Riding Strange Horses
Stereolab- Daisy Click Clack - Chemical Chords
Dirty Dozen Brass Band- Gossip Gossip - New Orleans Funk 3
Ben Weaver- Hey Ray - The Ax In The Oak
Giant Sand- Sucker In A Cage - Long Stem Rant 25th Anniversary Edition
Junip- Line Of Fire - Junip
The Walkabouts- Heartless - Nighttown Deluxe Edition
Pinback- Bouquet - Autumn Of The Seraphs
Kasabian- Neon Noon - Velociraptor
Junip- So Clear - Junip
Junip- Your Life Your Call - Junip
The Handsome Family- Glow Worm - Wilderness
Spoon- Back To The Life - Kill The Moonlight
ABBA- Why Did It Have To Be Me - Arrival
Hard Working Americans- Play A Train Song - The First Waltz
Marianne Fathful- Sparrows Will Sing - Give My Love To London
Family Of The Year- Hero - Loma Vista
Black Rebel Motorcycle Club- Not What You Wanted - Baby 81
Machinedrum- 2 B Luvd - Vapor City Archives
Pretenders- Time The Avenger - Learning To Crawl Remastered
The War On Drugs- Red Eyes - Lost In The Dream
Diamond Fist Werny- Platos Cave - Enchanted Parkway

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-03-03
          Unsupervised Learning: No. 78        

This week’s topics: The WannaCry ransomware worm, the president’s EO, Macron hacking, HP backdoors, laptop bans, Amazon releases, Chinese online commerce, CRISPR, Germany and renewable energy, beetles, dental health as social indicator, Reading superpowers, Net Neutrality, serverless, deep learning black box, The Three Body Problem, you can now support the site, The Mechanical Universe, TrueCaller, and more… This...


I do a weekly show called Unsupervised Learning, where I curate the most interesting stories in infosec, technology, and humans, and talk about why they matter. You can subscribe here.

          Unsupervised Learning: No. 75        

This week’s topics: DoublePulsar in the wild, vigilante IoT worms, Bose listening headphones, PoS hacking sentence, Google ad blocking, best anti-aging exercises, unqualified Indian engineers, , discovered links, and more… This is Episode No. 75 of Unsupervised Learning—a weekly show where I curate 3-5 hours of reading in infosec, technology, and humans into a 15 to 30 minute...


I do a weekly show called Unsupervised Learning, where I curate the most interesting stories in infosec, technology, and humans, and talk about why they matter. You can subscribe here.

          More Spring reading        

Hi folks, here's a nice, juicy reading list for that rainy Saturday afternoon. Well... it has stopped raining here but that should not stop you from reading!


Slightly more hard core Java

Java in the future

A little bit of non-Java


Systems, data stores and more

Time series

Some fun stuff

Until next time! Ashwin.

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-04-2014 with Michael Buck        

Real Estate- Had To Hear - Atlas
- voicebreak -
The Black Keys- Weight Of Love - Turn Blue
Timber Timbre- Run From Me - Hot Dreams
Grieves- Like Child - Winter The Wolves
Typhoon- Common Sentiments - White Lighter
Conor Oberst- Desert Island Questionnaire - Upside Down Mountain
- voicebreak -
Anglique Kidjo- Bomba with Rostam Batmanglij - Eve
Jolie Holland- Waiting For The Sun - Wine Dark Sea
Rodrigo Y Gabriela- The Soundmaker - 9 Dead Alive
Bry Webb- Policy - Free Will
Should- Mistakes Are Mine - The Great Pretend
- voicebreak -
Lumerians- Life Without Skin - The High Frontier
Juakali- Take Off - Feathers Too Bright
Elliphant- Booty Killah feat The Reef - Look Like You Love It
Camper Van Beethoven- Classy Dames And Able Gents - El Camino Real Bonus Track Edition
Honduras- Borders - Morality Cuts EP
TuneYards- Find A New Way - Nikki Nack
Mr Scruff- Where Am I - Friendly Bacteria
- voicebreak -
Son Lux- Build A Pyre Begin Again - Alternate Worlds EP
Mungos Hi Fi Prince Fatty- For Me You Are Mungos Hi Fi Mix feat Hollie Cook - Prince Fatty Versus Mungos HiFi
Modern English- Gathering Dust - The Best Of Modern English Life In The Gladhouse 19801984
- Heim - Made In Iceland VII
Haley Bonar- Heavens Made For Two - Last War
Nathaniel Rateliff- Laborman - Falling Faster Than You Can Run
- voicebreak -
Fujiya Miyagi- Little Stabs At Happiness - Artificial Sweeteners
Lapcat- Tropfen - Trickster Trickster
The Twilight Sad- That Summer At Home I Had Become The Invisible Boy - The Twilight Sad
Tinariwen- Koud Edhaz Emin - Emmaar
Thomas Blondet- Check One - Future World
The Souljazz Orchestra- One Life To Live - Inner Fire
Damon Albarn- Heavy Seas Of Love - Everyday Robots
- voicebreak -
The GOASTT- Devil You Know - Midnight Sun
Archie Bronson Outfit- Cluster Up And Hover - Wild Crush
St Vincent- Regret - St Vincent
Guided By Voices- Males Of Wormwood Mars - Cool Planet
Rodrigo Amarante- Hourglass - Cavalo
Eno Hyde- When I Built This World - Someday World

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2014-06-04
          An Anniversary we wish didn't have!        
Well, here we are, 365 days after bringing Jadon to the hospital early morning for his first OHS (open heart surgery) to repair his Tetrology of Fallot.  He is still at Sick Kids.  He has gone through a tremendous amount.  If you had told us what the last year was going to be like, we would not have believed you, yet here we are!

In addition to everything Jadon had gone through as of Aug 11: 6 months in the hospital, this is what has happened since:

1 surgery (fundoplication and g-tube insertion)
2 cardiac arrests
4 more CCCU admissions
1 endoscopy
3+ intubations
multiple bronchoscopies
1 fundoplication dilatation
4 g-tube size changes
1 g-tube advanced to gj-tube in IGT
intussusception (bowel telescopes on itself)
gj-tube back to g-tube
1 mickey (replace g-tube with button)
2 bouts of pancreatitis
7 weeks on a replogle tube (continuous suctioning)
1 PICC line change
1 CT scan of his chest
1 MRCP (special liver/pancrease MRI)
10+ new different medications (bringing his total to over 64)
1 medication is restricted and only available through the Special Access Programme
learning to walk 3 more times
multiple more ultrasounds, x-rays, echocardiograms, EKGs

Through all this, Jadon has been absolutely amazing.  He is such a happy little guy and worms his way into the heart of all his health care practitioners.  For the last 2 months or so we have been on a general medical pediatric floor, so Jadon had a whole new set of nurses, doctors and others to charm.  It did not take long!
He is taking a little bit of food orally now
Colouring in the library at Sick Kids
I'll say it again as we have countless times... we are hoping for a homecoming very soon!

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-03-2013 with Wally        

Delicate Steve- Wally Wilder - Positive Force
Brad Mehldau- Dear Prudence - Largo
The Blind Boys Of Alabama- I Shall Not Be Moved - Ill Find A Way
Dr Dog- Nellie - BRoom
King Khan The Shrines- Pray For Lil - Idle No More
Full Belly- Nairobi Sasquatch - New Voice
Moe- Okayalright - Wormwood
Ralph Stanley- Looking For The Stone - Mountain Preachers Child
Snubluk- Little Drops Of Poison Tom Waits Remix - Remix Tape Volume 1
DJ Cavem Moetavation- Artichoke Heart Chakra - The Produce Section The Harvest
Diplo- Will Calls Grizzly Bear Remix - Single
Patterson Hood- Fifteen Days Leaving Time Again - Heat Lightning Rumbles In The Distance
Water Babys- Binary Bird - Water Babys
West Water Outlaws- Real Killer Live Acoustic Bonus Track - Real Killer
Diane Coffee- WWWoman - My Friend Fish
Pretty Lights- Yellow Bird - A Color Map Of The Sun Deluxe Version
The Wood Brothers- Wastin My Mind - The Muse
The Babysitters- Spin A Top - Have A Seat
Jake Schepps The Expedition Quartet- Cousin Sally Brown - An Evening In The Village The Music Of Bla Bartk
The Infamous Stringdusters- Walking On The Moon - Silver Sky
Paper Bird- Past The Sky - Rooms
Ladysmith Black Mambazo WEnglish Chamber Orchestr- Homeless - No Boundaries
The Widows Bane- Schtucken Nist In Harts - Dont Be Afraid Its Only Death
Sharon Jones The DapKings- 100 Days 100 Nights - 100 Days 100 Nights
DeVotchKa- Sunshine - 100 Lovers
Dirty Few- Whiskey Business - Get Loose Have Fun
Thao The Get Down Stay Down- Brand New Key - The Feeling Kind EP
The Railsplitters- Longs Peak - The Railsplitters
Rubedo- Aint It Funny - Love Is The Answer
Faceman- Fullmetaljacket - Feedingtime
Equalibrum- Return Journey - Lift Off
The Dendrites- Sizzle - Ref 1
The Reminders- They All Know - Accumen1
Man Mantis- Maybe I Could Have Once - Sojourn 3 Single
Pizza Time- La Verdad - Quiero Mas
Cate Le Bon- Are You With Me Now - Mug Museum
RJD2- Ghostwriter Remix - The Horror Deluxe
Gregory Alan Isakov- Amsterdam - The Weatherman
Department Of Eagles- No One Does It Like You - In Ear Park
Foxygen- Bowling Trophies - We Are The 21st Century Ambassadors Of Peace Magic
New Riders Of The Purple Sage- Panama Red - The Best Of New Riders Of The Purple Sage
The Moondoggies- Dont Ask Why - Adis Im A Ghost
Steve Itterly- Whats The Point - Flirtin With Mermaids
Arctic Monkeys- Do I Wanna Know - AM
Metronomy- A Thing For Me Breakbot Remix - A Thing For Me EP

playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2013-12-03
          The Silkworm (Cormoran Strike, #2)        
The Silkworm (Cormoran Strike, #2)
author: Robert Galbraith
name: Melissa
average rating: 4.02
book published: 2014
rating: 4
read at: 2017/02/12
date added: 2017/03/22
Fun read, kept me guessing.

Start as a little worm and end up as a gigantic snake in Slither.io, one of the most entertaining multiplayer browser games of all time! Eat as many glowing circles as you can to become a longer and bigger snake. This might sound familiar… Remember the most addictive game that Nokia ever brought to our phones? That’s right: the classic arcade game Snake! How many hours did you spend on your old mobile phone until you managed to create a snake longer than the screen? And for how many days did you cry when you changed your phone or broke it and couldn’t play any longer? Well, relive those happy Snake days thanks to Slither.io, an online game in which you have to grab all the food you can to make your worm grow.
          neon hex real 3D portal (no JS)        

See the Code - See it Full Page - See Details

No JS, all coded from scratch. All logic is mine, all computed, no guessing, no picking code solutions from anywhere else. Created for [#neonHexagonsWeekend](http://codepen.io/tmrDevelops/blog/hexagons-in-neon). Uses the [Zeon Nebra palette](http://www.colourlovers.com/palette/2148038/%E2%84%A4_Zeon_Nebra). [Inspiration](http://www.superbwallpapers.com/digital-art/hexagon-wormhole-to-earth-15813/): ![inspiration image](https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CK0EXofWoAEJFlm.jpg) Tested & works in Firefox 39, Chrome 44, 46 (canary)/ Opera 31 beta on Windows 8. Needs `transform-style: preserve-3d` to work, so no IE up to and including 11. *Should* work in the new Edge browser though. Expected result screenshot: ![screenshot](https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CK2Vb5uWUAANVI0.png) Also, you can take a look at [what other lovely people have created for this themed weekend](http://codepen.io/collection/Xdbeaa/).

This Pen uses: Pug, SCSS, JavaScript, and


Galera, pra arregassar de vez, tá aí o Hatebreed, infelizmente alguns vídeos a gravadora bloqueou, então busquei as mesmas músicas em shows ao vivo, espero que curtam.

Hatebreed é uma banda de New York hardcore (com fortes influências de thrash metal e death metal) oriunda de New Haven, Connecticut, Estados Unidos. A banda foi fundada em Novembro de 1993 por Jamey Jasta, Dave Russo, Larry Dwyer and Chris Beattie.
A banda Hatebreed foi formada em 1993 em New Haven, Connecticut, com o propósito de criar uma banda de hardcore com inspirações no metal extremo e no cenário do New York hardcore. Eles começaram gravando uma demo de três faixas. Essas três canções seriam lançadas em um disco de 7" pela New York's Neglect em 1995. Eles continuaram com isso até o muito aclamado Under The Knife em 1996, e no próximo ano lançando o que muitos fãs consideram o álbum definitivo do gênero nos anos 1990, Satisfaction is the Death of Desire pela Victory Records. Satisfaction vendeu mais cópias que qualquer outro na história da gravadora.

Uma agenda cheia por causa das turnês acabaram por trazer a banda para fora do cenário underground e turnês com grandes bandas como Agnostic Front, Downset, Madball, Slayer, Deftones, Entombed e Napalm Death chamaram a atenção de muitos. Essas influências foram evidentes nos próximos dois álbums, Perseverance de 2002, e especialmente no Rise of Brutality de 2003.

Após o lançamento de Rise of Brutality, a banda participou da turnê The Unholy Alliance de 2004 na Europa com Slayer, Slipknot e Mastodon. Em Junho de 2006, o Hatebreed embarcou em uma turnê européia no qual incluia uma performance no Palco Principal no Download Festival em Donnington, Reino Unido. Imediatamente após essa turnê eles participaram da Ozzfest tocando no Palco Principal.

Wayne LozniakO último álbum da banda Supremacy foi lançado em Agosto de 2006, com a nova gravadora (Roadrunner Records) e com o novo guitarrista Frank Novinec (tocou anteriormente nas bandas Ringworm, Terror e Integrity).

O Hatebreed mantém relações estreitas com as comunidades de Hardcore, evidente com a participação das bandas Neglect, One 4 One, Irate e reunião das bandas Skarhead e All Out War no show de 10.° aniversário no Toad's Place nos dias 25 e 26 de Novembro de 2005 em New Haven.

Além de seus deveres como representante da banda, Jasta também é o apresentador do programa "Headbangers Ball" da MTV2 e dirige a Stillborn Records, lar da banda Subzero, Full Blown Chaos e de um dos projetos paralelos de Jasta com outros músicos.

Em 13 de Setembro de 2006 o ex-guitarrista Lou "Boulder" Richards suicidou-se aos 35 anos. Richards tocou nos álbuns Satisfaction is the Death of Desire de 1997 e Perseverance de 2002, antes de sair da banda naquele ano. Jasta deu a seguinte declaração para o Punknews.org sobre a morte de Richard:

''Como muito de vocês já sabem, e nós sentimos muito em saber, nosso ex-guitarrista Lou "Boulder" Richards faleceu ontem. É muito triste que ele não pode ver nenhuma outra maneira de controlar seus demônios. Esperamos que finalmente ele tenha encontrado paz. Nossos corações estão com os de Vera e seus amigos e família.''

Jamey Jasta, 14 de setembro de 2006.

          Knowing How To Treat Your Silk Clothing…        
 Silk is a fabric produced from silkworms. This fabric is very soft and smooth so the price can be very expensive. Clothing made from silk material always looks beautiful. With many choices of colors, motifs, and very fine material, both women and men enjoy wearing this material casually, or for formal wear. If you have clothing made […]
Start as a little worm and end up as a gigantic snake in Slither.io, one of the most entertaining multiplayer browser games of all time! Eat as many glowing circles as you can to become a longer and bigger snake. This might sound familiar… Remember the most addictive game that Nokia ever brought to our phones? That’s right: the classic arcade game Snake! How many hours did you spend on your old mobile phone until you managed to create a snake longer than the screen? And for how many days did you cry when you changed your phone or broke it and couldn’t play any longer? Well, relive those happy Snake days thanks to Slither.io, an online game in which you have to grab all the food you can to make your worm grow.
          If You Do This You Can Say Good Bye To The Athlete's Foot!        
If You Do This , You Can Say Good Bye To The Athlete's Foot!
At habitation , solely three seconds , wiped out the itch of athlete’s human foot which drive yous crazy yesteryear coming to hitting yous persistently ,and solely hold off to replaced to a good for yous in addition to novel skin.

This is the icon of the solar daytime earlier treatment.I felt rigid itch in addition to await at betwixt the toes in addition to constitute trunk fluid from my affected part. It was rattling moisture in addition to I tin non acquit the rigid itch.гЂ‚This is an icon forthwith afterward the treatment. I wrote 1 on top of the human foot inward a marking pen.

 Therefore , the solar daytime of the root handling is 1.I mightiness scratch out my itchy part. The icon demo scratches made yesteryear the scratch betwixt toes. There has move a scab. I create non recollect myself this scratch-out. From forthwith afterward the handling , I felt no itch at all. I intend that it has simply about healed at this moment. After , solely hold off to replaced inward novel skin.It has passed 5 days from the treatments.I accept position a publish of solar daytime inward a marking pan on the top of the foot. Please await at the affected business office that the one-time publish were washed inward the bath in addition to going out.

Skin had move crisp in addition to been taking off. New beautiful peel came out from beneath it. The scab of wounds made yesteryear scratch-out of was every bit good decreases picayune yesteryear little.The injure suffered from scratch-out every bit good nearly endure healed.The peel that became crisp was simply about fallen in addition to I was simply about replaced yesteryear the construct clean pinkish skin.It was precisely similar a prevarication proverb I had athlete’s foot.Of course of written report I felt no itch at all.You went to the hospital. But yous tin non instruct rid of ! Medicine that yous bought at the chemist's shop does non operate ! You tried folk remedies , but at that spot is no outcome ! And it is dying itchy ! Between the toes instruct then wet. You experience agly. So yous tin non rest bare footed inward public. Anxious for the odor. Anxious for the odor.

Most suffering troubles yesteryear athlete’s human foot are intense itch in addition to sores of the skin.In brief the athlete’s human foot , infection inward fungi called Trichophyton of the peel (stratum corneum (horny layer)) , in addition to parasitic. It accompanied yesteryear the symptoms of intense itch or sore of peel or peeling , or minor blisters (blisters). In full general , speaking of athlete’s human foot , it is idea that this affliction touching on the human foot peculiarly on the dorsum of the footВ  but The ringworm fungus to infect non solely the feet , at that spot is a possibility that infection inward whatever business office of the body.

This method eliminate the itch for three seconds forthwith afterward treatment. This is a method of athlete’s human foot every bit good volition endure dramatically improved from that time.The itch volition disappear completely. It is non moderation of the itch but disappear completely.And every bit a final result , fifty-fifty athlete’s human foot is going to endure ameliorate dramatically , then that yous tin find a beautiful in addition to construct clean feet.It tin endure said that most suffering occupation is itch caused yesteryear fungi called Trichophyton.The itch volition endure gone completely.

          Eben Alexander's Journey into the Afterlife        

There is a new convert to the belief that consciousness is not produced by or dependent on the brain. He is Eben Alexander, M.D., a distinguished neurosurgeon who spent much of his career on the Harvard medical faculty and who has authored 150 publications and delivered over 200 papers. (1) And what prompted this conversion? It was Dr. Alexander's near-death-experience in 2008 at age 54 while in a seven-day coma when he battled the rarest of illnesses – bacterial meningitis caused by E. coli. (2)

During his coma, the neo-cortex of Dr. Alexander's brain, which "is responsible for memory, language, emotion, visual and auditory awareness, and logic," shut down completely, making conscious experience, he says, impossible. Nevertheless, inexplicably, he began a spiritual journey that took him to three destinations. The first was a dark, Jello-O like, red-brown "muck," a mud pool with a rhythmic, pounding sound, that he calls "the Realm of the Earthworm's Eye." The second, which he calls the "Gateway," featured a bright light, captivating music and song, and an angel guide, a beautiful woman with high cheekbones, blue eyes, and golden-brown hair. Here, with his companion, he found himself in clouds flying over trees, fields, streams, waterfalls, and people. (3) The third, which he calls the "Core," was the culmination of his journey. In the Core, which he describes as "an orb-like ball of light," he encountered God, the all-powerful, all-loving, and all-knowing Creator, who gave him this message:

  • God loves him and all others unconditionally;
  • Evil is necessary on earth because without it human free will and human growth are impossible; (4) and
  • Love will triumph over evil.

Remarkably, after his visit to the spiritual world, Dr. Alexander's "triple intravenous antibiotics" defeated the E. coli and, slowly but surely, he awoke from the coma, rediscovered his earthly self, which had been absent during his journey, and eventually resumed his professional practice. But he was now a changed person with an urgent mission: to share his journey with others - lay people, medical professionals, and scientists - to teach four lessons. They are that God loves all of us unconditionally, we are "spiritual beings currently inhabiting our evolutionarily developed mortal brains and bodies," we "get closer" to our genuine spiritual selves "by manifesting love and compassion" on earth, and the materialistic worldview embraced by many scientists is "mistaken." Scientists, he hoped, would learn, as he did on his journey, that: "The physical side of the universe is as a speck of dust compared to the invisible and spiritual part." (p. 82)

Although Dr. Alexander is convinced that his spiritual journey could not have been a hallucination (5), there are, as you would expect, plenty of skeptics, neurosurgeons among them. He invites skeptics near and far to do what he failed to do before his transformative journey, that is, to keep an open mind and to investigate the voluminous and ever-growing body of research on near-death and out-of-body experience. Only time will tell if skeptics will accept his invitation and, if they do, whether their doubts will fade. (6)


  1. Eben Alexander, M.D., Proof of Heaven: A Neurosurgeon's Journey into the Afterlife, Simon & Schuster Paperbacks, 2012, p. 20. Future references to this book are by page number.
  2. When the antibiotics which Dr. Alexander received didn't seem to have an impact, his condition deteriorated to a point that his doctors saw only two possible outcomes – death or survival in a persistent vegetative state.
  3. Along the way, the angel guide, whom he calls "the Girl on the Butterfly Wing," revealed to him that he is loved unconditionally and that after his visit to the spiritual world, he would return to the earthly one.
  4. Philosophers will point out that there are at least two fundamental problems with this claim. The first is that it is not clear how an all-powerful God can bestow power on humans via free will and still remain all-powerful. The second is that, assuming free will exists, it helps to explain moral evil, that is, suffering caused by humans (e.g., murder, rape, burglary, identity theft, etc.) but not natural evil, that is, suffering caused by nature (e.g., hurricanes, tsunamis, tornadoes, etc.). The latter suffering remains God's doing and seems incompatible with the unconditional love which Alexander attributes to God.
  5. Alexander examines and dismisses a series of traditional neurological hypotheses to explain his experience while in a coma. See pp. 140-146 and Appendix B, pp. 185-188.
  6. A testimony to the importance of Alexander's case comes from Raymond A. Moody, Jr.,

M.D., Ph.D., whose Life After Life in 1975 brought NDEs to public attention. Moody writes: "Dr. Eben Alexander's near-death experience is the most astounding I have heard in more than four decades of studying this phenomenon. (He) is living proof of an afterlife."

© 2012 Tom Shipka

          Lou Holtz        

In his autobiography, entitled Wins, Losses, and Lessons, (1) Coach Lou Holtz recounts two incidents in his senior year of high school which were a turning point in his life. In the first incident, Lou's high school coach visited his parents and urged them to send him to college to earn a degree so that he could become a football coach. The coach explained to them that Lou had a special gift for learning and teaching football and that he would excel in that profession. This came as a shock to Lou's parents. On the one hand, he had been a weak student all along and, on the other, they were already struggling to make ends meet and taking on the additional burden of college expenses could be overwhelming. In the second incident, in a neighborhood grocery in East Liverpool, Lou overheard two of his mother's friends bemoan his parents' decision to enroll him at Kent State University. They agreed that it was a terrible waste of money because Lou simply wasn't college material. Holtz writes that the vote of confidence by his coach and the insult by his neighbors steeled his resolve to succeed at Kent.

And succeed he did. He declared a major in history, he joined ROTC, and he earned his degree with a 3.0 GPA. But he didn't turn into a bookworm. During his Kent years, Lou joined a fraternity, worked part-time as a janitor, coached the freshman football team at Ravenna High School to a perfect 11-0 record, fell in love with a coed named Edie, played linebacker for Kent State for two years at a scrawny 165 pounds, helped coach the Kent State freshman football team, and hitchhiked home regularly to visit his family and friends. He also formed strong views about how to coach. He decided that good teachers and good coaches have three things in common: they know their subject inside and out, they are able to present their knowledge in a cohesive and interesting way, and they have enthusiasm. (2)

Although Lou and Edie parted ways, Lou found a new love, Beth Barcus, and in summer 2011 they will celebrate their golden wedding anniversary. Lou's career took him, Beth, and their four children to twelve stops in his forty years of coaching. Among the highs was a national championship at Notre Dame in 1988; among the lows was a debacle with the New York Jets in 1976 and getting fired at Arkansas in 1983. (3) Incidentally, at Arkansas Lou was successfully represented by a young Attorney General named Bill Clinton in a lawsuit against him by three players. Now retired from coaching with a long list of career accomplishments and soon to turn 74, Lou spends his time as an ESPN college football analyst, a motivational speaker, an amateur magician, and a golfer, and he continues to practice his Catholicism.

Can one find any flaws in Lou Holtz's autobiography? I find two. The first is that he works both sides of the philosophical street. In some places he tells us that God has a plan for each of us that we cannot alter. (4) In others, he proclaims that whether a person succeeds or fails is entirely up to that person. (5) The second is that, despite his frequent emphasis on the importance of religion in his life, he ducks the strongest challenge to religion: the problem of evil. How do we explain how an all-powerful and all-good God allows so much suffering to afflict humankind, young and old?

  1. Lou Holtz, Wins, Losses, and Lessons: An Autobiography (Harper Paperback, 2007.)
  2. Wins, Losses, and Lessons, p. 29.
  3. In Wins, Losses, and Lessons, Holtz often expresses his admiration for Notre Dame and the privilege it was to coach there for eleven years, but, somewhat uncharacteristically, he criticizes Kevin Rooney, the school's Director of Admissions, during Holtz's years there. Holtz admits that he was so angry with Rooney that he didn't speak to him during his last eight years at Notre Dame. According to Holtz, Rooney hurt his recruiting by turning down many academically qualified prospects and he permitted an official scholarship offer to be made only in the spring, months after competitor football programs had already extended theirs. The Notre Dame administration supported Rooney on these matters with a single exception. See pp. 231-233.
  4. See Wins, Losses, and Lessons..., p. 45, pp. 51-52, p. 67, p. 175, p. 228, p. 284.
  5. See Wins, Losses, and Lessons..., p. 31, p. 39

© 2010 Tom Shipka

          165) Playdough Valentines        

With New Years over my kids have already moved on to the next holiday, Valentine's Day. The girls have already been talking about what kind of Valentines they want to make and give to their classmates this year. Which brings me to the dilemma I face every year at this time, to give candy with the Valentines or not to give candy. My Kids of course want to give candy, because like every other kid they love candy. And while I don't mind my kids having the occasional piece of candy I hate to be that parent that hands it out to all the other kids. So this year I came up with what will hopefully be an option that will keep me happy and them happy, play dough valentines!

The temperatures around here lately have been very cold, that combined with the new little brother means we have been spending a lot of time at home and a lot of time playing play dough. The other day we made a new batch of our favorite snow play dough, a white play dough with glitter and peppermint extract. While we were playing with the snow play dough and talking valentines, I started thinking about making heart play dough to give all the friends. We used our snow play dough and an additional batch of red play dough made using my favorite recipe:
                                                                                                     2 cups of flour

1 cup of salt
4 teaspoons cream of tartar
2 tablespoons of vegetable oil 
1 cup of warm water with red food coloring

We started by taking the red play dough and rolling it into a thick worm. I then took a clay tool, although you could use a knife or even a pencil, to push a trench into the top of the worm. I found that making the trench pretty deep seems to work best. I then took the opposite side of the worm and pinched it into a point all along the bottom. So that when I was finished I had a long heart shaped worm. Next the girls helped me to flatten the white snow dough into a pancake. I then carefully wrapped the white play dough around the red heart worm, starting by pushing one end of the pancake into the trench of the heart. I rolled the white play dough until it fully covered the red and then pinched the roll shut. Finally I used a string to cut the roll into 1 1/2 inch pieces. When I cut into the play dough we were delighted to see a perfect heart in the middle. I then took each piece and placed it into a small plastic container. I bought the containers at the dollar store but any small Tupperware type container would work. We made a few containers and I am hoping to make more over the next few weeks so that the girls can each take them to give to their friends at preschool on Valentines Day. I was thinking of maybe getting tags so that the Bean can draw a picture and the Bee can write her friends names to personalize them a bit.  I will try and share a picture of the finished outcome as we get closer to Valentines Day.

          Pond Revisited        
As most of you know, I had a big pond in my back yard. It was dug by the ex, and was one of his projects. When we became no longer WE, I decided it needed to go. Mainly because it was a lot of work and worry to maintain, and it wasn't my dream that had to be managed, it was his. So along with purging the other crap in my life, it needed to go.  I successfully relocated 4 turtles and about 100 fish and drained it, then the work started.  That big hole needed to be filled in. Unfortunately I tore a tendon in my arm doing some of the initial work and am restricted from lifting anything with my right arm. Bummer!  I have a college student who mows my lawn and is always looking for extra money and he was more than eager to help me with this project. So I had 10 tons of fill dirt delivered and he went to work.  I did help, probably more than I should have, but I just can't help it.


It took him about 5 hours to fill in the hole.  I let that settle for a couple of weeks and then my college boy and I went to the nursery and bought 15 bags of potting soil and what I lovingly refer to as earth worm poop to cover this. I had also put in a drip system so it will get watered every morning.  In one section I have been transplanting some tiff grass to fill in a bit more of the lawn. That is growing really well and by the end of summer it should be nice and thick.

Today, the one year anniversary of my divorce, I went to the nursery again (they know me by name there) and bought plants for the flower side of the bridge. I got those all planted and I'm excited to see how they do in the months to come. I even went out and moved my gnomes so they can watch over things.  (I took this picture before I moved those guys)

Below is the other side of the bridge which will be for vegetables. I have't decided what I want here yet and may have to wait for fall to really get things going on this side. 

And on the FLOUR side of my life, I'm going to our neighborhood block party tonight. I made these little goodies to take.  They are pumpkin spice muffins/cupcakes with cream cheese frosting. They are quiet tasty - I had to try one! 

          Interview of Harold Leinbach by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Harold Leinbach by Brian Shoemaker Leinbach, Harold Dr. Leinbach had an interest in astronomy from an early age. His fascination led him to pursue studies in astronomy at the University of Maryland, South Dakota, and at Cal Tech, where he received his master’s degree. At the University of Alaska, the Geophysical Observatory staff resigned leaving a shortage. This convinced Leinbach to apply to the Geophysical Institute. He got the job and moved to Alaska to work on projects observing the aurora. He talks about various ways to document and view them. Leinbach was drafted in 1953 and assigned to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal where his group was responsible for the manufacture of nerve gas. He conducted testing to see if the nerve gas was good or bad. After his discharge in 1956, he went back to the Geophysical Institute. In the summer of 1956, he helped to develop a new instrument for measuring ionospheric opacity called the riometer. In October 1957, he traveled to King Solomon and Unalaska to gather data with the riometer. Leinbach talks about his experiences there. The Geophysical Institute also gave the riometers to other colleges as well as Sweden. The institute installed riometers at the Air Force in Thule, Farewell, and Fort Yukon. While working for the Geophysical Institute, Leinbach was also pursuing a Ph.D. in geophysics. The Geophysical Institute was involved in researching and publishing papers about their measurements and their findings on polar cap absorption. They were invited by the University of Iowa to show the warnings of the occurrence of the events by the riometer data. He talks about the experiments that went on there as well as the results. Leinbach mentions a major polar cap absorption event on May 14th, 1959 in Minnesota. This event received major recognition and press. He describes the increase in technology that increased the amount of solar information available and generated interest about the subject. After finishing his thesis in 1962, he received a job at the University of Iowa. For four years at Iowa, Leinbach was involved in a variety of projects. After that, Leinbach moved to Boulder and worked for the Space Environment Laboratory of NOAA. During his career, one of his experiments entailed making artificial auroras. He retired in 1993. • Leinbach’s professional career began with his childhood interest in astronomy. • He began college at the University of Maryland and after a year transferred to South Dakota State College. • Began observing and drawing sun spot activity daily while in South Dakota. • When in South Dakota Leinbach joined the American Association of Variable Star Observers. • Leinbach built a spectrohelioscope in the summer of 1949 in order to graduate from South Dakota. • Leinbach enrolled in Cal Tech in 1949 and graduated in 1950 with his Master’s Degree. • Leinbach received his job at the Geographical Institute at the University of Alaska after graduating from Cal Tech. • In 1953 Leinbach was drafted and assigned to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal in Denver, Colorado where nerve gas was manufactured. • Leinbach was discharged January of 1956 and returned to the Geographical Institute where he became involved with the cosmic radio study program. • During the summer of 1956 Leinbach worked with George Swenson on the design of the riometer. • Record-breaking solar flares occurred on February 23, 1956. • By February 1957 the riometer was complete and commercial units were built and distributed through out that year. • In October 1957 Leinbach and a team went to King Solomon and Dutch Harbor to install a riometer and auroral radar equipment. • Another riometer unit was installed in Thule for the Air Force, which they called the geopole station, this station was critical for monitoring polar cap absorption. • In 1956 Leinbach began working on his PhD. jointly with the University of Alaska and the Institute. • In January of 1958 Leinbach and Gordon Little published the first major paper out of the Geophysical Institute called “Some Measurements of High Latitude Ionospheric Absorption Using Extraterrestrial Radio Waves.” • Collaboration with NASA helped NASA measure the mass of solar proton waves in order to protect its astronauts, satellites and shuttles from dangerous radiation. • Riometers were never patented. • Leinbach finally received his PhD. in 1962. • Leinbach joined Van Allen’s team at the University of Iowa. • Leinbach moved to Boulder, Colorado in June of 1966 where he finished his career with the Space Environment Laboratory of NOAA. • Leinbach retired in 1993. • Neil Hines-pp.3,4 • Jessie Greenstein-pp.4 • Pierre St. Amand-pp.4 • Terrence Moore-pp.5 • Bill Wilson-pp.5 • Jim Heppner-pp.5,6,7 • _____ Strermer-pp.7 • Dr. Louis Hermann-pp.8 • Dr. Chris Elvie-pp.8,9,11 • Prof. Sidney Chapman-pp.10,22 • C. Gordon Little-pp.10,11,13,24,33,39 • Neil Davis-pp.11,22 • George Swenson-pp.12,13 • Bob Merrick-pp.13 • Nate Worman-pp.13 • Rev. Keith Wethern-pp.17,18,19 • Dick Shoop-pp.18 • Norm Sanders-pp.18,19 • Shin Akasofu-pp.22 • Bob Leonard-pp.22 • George Reid-pp.22,24,30,39 • Dana Bailey-pp.22,23 • Gordon Barnes-pp.23,24 • John Simpson-pp.25 • John Winkler-pp.26 • James Van Allen-pp.26 • Walter Sullivan-pp.31 • Larry Gould-pp.31 • Bill Berrnstein-pp.36 • Jack Gosling-pp.40 • Bob Brown-pp.40,41
          Download Worms 2: Armageddon Portatil        


Jogo de guerra e estratégia, onde você estará envolvido em uma guerra de minhocas com diversos recursos, armas cômicas e engenhocas para destruir o time adversário.

Roda em Windows 98, 2000, Millenium, XP

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  • Tamanho:129 MB
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    Download - Rapidshare: Parte 1 | Parte 2

    Download - Easyshare: Parte 1 | Parte 2

              Book review: 'Elizabeth and Michael' by Donald Bogle        

    This week, "Bookworm Sez" reviewer Terri Schlichenmeyer writes about “Elizabeth and Michael” by Donald Bogle, about the "weird" friendship between Elizabeth Taylor and Michael Jackson.

    "If that was the only focus, though, this would be a pretty thin book. Instead, Bogle’s story moves in puddle-like circles around his subjects, and through their lives: by knowing the people who raised and influenced them, we can trace the compassion that an older Taylor possessed and we see how Jackson built his empire, detail by detail. Bogle also gives readers a vivid sense of the time in which his narrative takes place which, combined with layered anecdotes and the parallels he draws between Taylor’s and Jackson’s lives, makes for an easy, entertaining read."

    Find the full review—sponsored as always by The Friends of Allegan District Library—in our Sept. 15 issue of The Allegan County News or subscribe to the e-edition. All books the Bookworm reviews for us are stocked by the Allegan District Library.

              Makanan Ikan Guppy Dan Yang Paling Disukainya        

    Makanan Ikan Guppy, majalahikan.com | Merawat ikan guppy menurut sahabat susah atau mudah? susah kalau tidak tau caranya dan sebaliknya mudah karena tau caranya. Meski ikan guppy termasuk salah satu dari jenis ikan hias air tawar yang mudah untuk dipelihara, akan tetapi tetap saja butuh perhatian, terlebih pemberian pakan yang baik pada ikan guppy sahabat.

    Guppy juga bisa hidup dengan baik walau tanpa adanya gelembung udara / aerator di akuarium. Akan tetapi, menambahkan aerator dalam merawat ikan guppy jauh lebih baik ketimbang dengan tanpa aerator. Karena oksigen dalam akuarum jadi semakin banyak.

    Selain aerator dan juga makanan, ada banyak hal yang dibutuhkan dalam merawat ikan guppy di akuarium.

    Pada kesempatan kali ini mari kita lihat apa saja sih makanan ikan guppy yang paling disukainya?

    Makanan Ikan Guppy Yang Paling Disukai Ikan Guppy Dan Bernutrisi

    Gambar Ikan Guppy - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar fishtankadvisor.com

    Ikan guppy sendiri termasuk jenis ikan omnivora, itu artinya ikan hias yang satu ini di alam liar memakan hewan dan juga tumbuhan yang sesuai dengan mulutnya.

    Di penangkaran atau dalam akuarium ikan guppy juga bisa diberi pakan buatan, seperti pelet misalnya. Pelet ini bisa kita beli di toko toko ikan hias. Banyak merk dari pakan buatan untuk ikan guppy, dan tentunya juga mengandung banyak vitamin dan apa apa yang dibutuhkan baik untuk meningkatkan warna maupaun untuk pertumbuhan si guppy.

    Bentuk dari pada pelet juga bervariasi, ada yang berupa butiran, ada yang berupa tepung ada juga yang dalam bentuk remahan.

    Selain pelet, ikan guppy juga bisa diberikan roti tawar. Roti tawar ini ketika masuk dalam air akan menjadi sangat lunak dan si guppy tidak merasa kesulitan ketika memakanya.

    Selain bisa diberi pakan buatan, ikan guppy juga bsa diberi pakan alami, dan pakan alami ini merupakan makanan ikan  guppy yang sangat baik untuk menunjang pertumbuhanya. Lalu apa saja jenis pakan alami yang bisa diberikan pada guppy kesayangan sahabat? berikut adalah daftarnya.

    Makanan Ikan Guppy Yang Paling Disukai Ikan Guppy Adalah Pakan Alami

    1. Cacing Sutra

    Gambar Cacing Sutra - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar infopeternakan.com

    Cacing sutra ini sangat baik untuk ikan guppy, karena cacing sutra atau cacing rambut ini sangat tinggi kandungan proteinya dan pastinya akan menunjang banget untuk pertumbuhan ikan guppy kalian.

    Sahabat bisa mencari caiaing sutra di sungai sungai yang berlumpur dan banyak humusnya. Jika sahabat malas atau tak punya waktu untuk mencari cacing sutra atau cacing rambut untuk guppy sahabat, kalian bisa membelinya di toko toko ikan hias atau para pencari cacing sutra.

    Lihat Juga Ulasan dan Vidio :  Cari Cacing Rambut / Sutra Untuk Pakan Ikan

    Harga cacing sutra juga tidak begitu mahal, dan bisa kita beli sesuai kebutuhan. Hanya saja kalau musim penghujan cacing sutra jadi sulit untuk dicari hingga terkadang harganya sedikit lebih mahal dari hari hari biasanya.

    Jika sahabat mencoba mencari sendiri cacing sutra ini, sebaiknya jangan langsung diberikan pada guppy kalian, akan tetapi dikarantina terlebih dahulu. Agar tidak menimbulkan bibit penyakit pada guppy kalian.

    Selain itu, cacing sutra ini cepet membuat air aquarium cepat kotor, untuk itu sebaiknya sedikit demi sedikit saja ketika memberi makan ikan guppy.

    2. Microworm

    Gambar Microworm - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar aquariumtidings.com

    Yang kedua dari jenis makanan ikan guppy adalah Microworm. Apa itu Microworm? Microworm adalah cacing renik yang ukuranya hanya 1 hingga 8 mm dan berwarna putih.

    Microworm ini sangat baik untuk pertumbuhan burayak ikan guppy. Karena memiliki kandungan protein, lipids, Gilicogen, Asam organik dan Air yang tentunya akan sangat menunjang pertumbuhan burayak guppy kalian.

    3. Daphnia Magna

    Gambar Daphnia Magna - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar tanikan.blogspot.co.id

    Yang ketiga dari jenis makanan ikan guppy yang juga disukai dan juga bernutrisi sekaligus baik untuk pertumbuhan ikan guppy adalah Daphnia Magna.

    Daphnia Magna ini adalah kutu air yang berukuran lebih besar dari pada kutu air lokal bahkan lebih dikenal dengan ( Kutu air raksasa ), yups....pada awalnya Daphnia Magna ini berasal dari Amerika utara, akan tetapi untuk saat ini banyak dari pembudidaya ikan hias yang juga membudidayakan atau mengkultur Daphnia Magna ini sebagai pakan ikan atau burayak ikan.

    4. Grindal worm

    Gambar Grindal worm - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar grindalworms.blogspot.co.id

    Yang ke empat dari makanan ikan guppy ang kaya akan nutrisi dan baik untuk ikan guppy adalah Grindal worm.

    Grindal worm ini merupakan cacing renik yang ukuranya sedikit lebih besar dari pada Microworm ( 0.8cm-1.5cm ). Nama latin dari Grindal worm adalah Enchytraeus buchholzi.

    5. Artemia

    Gambar Artemia - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar perikanan-1992.blogspot.co.id

    Jenis makanan ikan guppy yang juga sangat disukai ikan guppy selanjutnya adalah Artemia.

    Selain disukai oleh ikan guppy Artemia ini juga kaya akan kandungan nutrisinya yang sangat baik untuk menunjang pertumbuhan ikan guppy. Hanya saja Artemia ini harganya mahal dan memerlukan proses saat penetasanya, karena pada umumnya Artemia ini dijual masih dalam keadaan telur.

    6. Jentik Nyamuk

    Gambar Jentik Nyamuk - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar flickr.com

    Nah yang ini sangat murah bahkan geratis bahkan mudah untuk diperoleh, sahabat hanya tinggal meluangkan waktu untuk menyusuri got got dan air yang menggenang. Yupps...jentik nyamuk ini selain mudah untuk didapat juga salah satu dari jenis makanan ikan guppy yang juga disukainya. Nutrisinya juga tak kalah dengan jenis pakan yang lainya.

    Baca juga : Yuk Kenali Ikan Ikan Pemakan Jentik Nyamuk, Setelah Itu, Bolehlah Kita Pelihara Agar Lingkungan Kita Terbebas Dari Nyamuk

    7. Blood Worm

    Gambar Cacing Darah / Blood worm - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar ikancupang.info

    Ada yang tau apa itu Blood Worm? pada umumnya Blood Worm ini juga dikenel dengan nama cacing darah.

    Meskipun disebut dengan cacing darah, akan tetapi sebenarnya Blood Worm ini bukanlah cacing, malainkan larva dari nyamuk Chironomus. Cacing darah ini selain juga disukai ikan guppy juga kandunganya sangat mempengaruhi pertumbuhan ikan guppy. Karena selain air, cacing darah ini memiliki kandungan protein 62,5 % dan lemak 10 %

    8. Kutu Air

    Gambar Kutu air - Makanan Ikan Guppy
    Sumber Gambar tokopedia.com

    Yang juga termasuk makanan ikan guppy dan banyak kandungan protein ( 66 % ) dan kandungan lainya yang sangat baik untuk pertumbuhan ikan guppy adalah Kutu Air.
    Baca Juga : Budidaya Kutu Air Dengan Kol Dan Tanpa Bibit

    9. Vinegar Eel

    Sumber Gambar youtube.com

    Yang ke sembilan dari jenis makanan ikan guppy yang sangat direkomendasikan, bahkan untuk para peternak atau petani ikan adalah Vinegar Eel.

    Vinegar Eel ini pada umumnya bisa dibudidayakn dengan cuka apel. Kelebihan dari Vinegar Eel ini sangat banyak, selain baik untuk pertumbuhan ikan guppy juga baik untuk burayak ikan cupang.

    10. Ganggang

    Seperti penjelasan di atas, bahwasanya ikan guppy termasuk jenis ikan omnivora yang artinya tidak hanya memakan daging, akan tetapi juga tumbuhan. Dan ganggang halus juga merupakan salah satu jenis makanan ikan guppy yang disukainya.

    Nah itulah beberapa jenis makanan ikan guppy baik untuk burayak maupaun ikan guppy dewasa yang disukai ikan guppy.
              Bong Shisha 55 cm        
    Bong shisha 55 cm, lapak korek
    Kode Produk - LKD2
    Bong shisha dengan tinggi 55 cm ini lebih cocok bagi Anda yang ingin membuka cafe atau sebagai menu tambahan produk cafe Anda yang sudah exist. Bisa juga digunakan sendiri sebagai shisha pribadi Anda, namun karena ukurannya yang kurang minimalis tentu saja kurang cocok untuk dipakai sendiri. Bong Shisha ini sudah dilengkapi dengan tungku wind cover, sudah ada tutupnya sehingga Anda tidak perlu lagi menggunakan alumunium foil. Tersedia warna ungu, hijau dan pink.


    Rp 300.000,- (Belum termasuk ongkir untuk daerah di luar Kota Malang).
    (*) Dapatkan Diskon untuk pembelian di atas 1 pcs (model bisa campur)
    Tinggi : 23 cm

    MINAT? Baca Cara pemesanannya pada halaman utama blog ini.
    Bong shisha 55 cm, lapak korek
    Bong shisha 55 cm, lapak korek
    Bong shisha 55 cm, lapak korek

              air force vs army worms in Zambia        
    BBC article

              Armyworm devestates crops        
    DW report on the Armyworm eating the corn crop.

    Global warming? No. Imported from South America, probably by an imported plant, and spreading around the continent.

    Slow government response, and farmers believe the rumor that pesticides won't work

    most farmers are still not aware of what can be done to reduce it's damage. Some farmers in Gokwe district bought all kind of theories about a mysterious worm due to lack of information and clear guidance from the government. As a result some healthy looking crops were left at the mercy of the devouring fall armyworm. Many of the farmers are now counting huge losses....
    FAO warned that Zimbabwe is likely to be the hardest hit with 130,000 hectares of maize and corn crops largely affected. So far the fall armyworm has spread in at least 10 provinces in Zimbabwe.
    Despite the farmers' concerns, the government sees no urgency or panic regarding the armyworm. The head Plant Protection Research Institute at Zimbabwe’s Ministry of Agriculture, Godfrey Chikwenhere, said the yield reduction obeserved was minimal. "The only issue now is that we are using a substantial amount of money on chemicals," he said."
    Though from the casual observer when you see the worm and all the plant being [attacked] you might estimate that the yield is very high," Chikwenhere added.
    The caterpillar stage is the dangerous one that eats the crops. Ah, but then it turns into a moth, which is how it can migrate so quickly into new area.

    this WIKIHOW is more about how gardeners can control it in rich countries

    BBC article:

    Why is it such a threat to farming? It is very hungry (and not picky) - This pest targets maize (corn) and other cereal crops, like its African namesake, but it also attacks cotton, soybean, potato and tobacco crops. When it does invade, up to three-quarters of the crop can be destroyed.
    Unknown enemy - Governments, communities and farmers have no previous experience of dealing with the new pest, which may be even harder to deal with than its native equivalent.
    • It is fast - According to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), it has taken only eight weeks for the pest to spread to the six southern African countries where there are suspected infestations.
    • It travels far and wide - The caterpillar stage does the damage but "it's the adult moth that migrates long distances and that's how it's managed to get round Africa," says Professor Ken Wilson, an expert on armyworms.
    • It is not just targeting any old crop - Maize is the primary food staple in many of the areas where the pest has been identified.
    • It is hard to find - The fall armyworm burrows right into the stem of maize plants, concealing itself from view and preventing farmers from spotting the problem early.
    • Bad timing - It comes after two years of record droughts, which have already affected more than 40 million people in the region, making 15% less food available, according to the UN.

    often outside the crop looks good, until you open the cob.

    Gizmodo articcle on efforts to control the pest. They blame global warming of course.

    As if the drought/rain cycle was due to global warming, not a normal event that has been going on for years.

    Actually all they say is that the moth didn't spread quickly during the drought, but once the rain came and there was a lot of good crops to eat it spread.

    Nature article on droughts in Africa:

    Our data indicate that, over the past millennium, equatorial east Africa has alternated between contrasting climate conditions, with significantly drier climate than today during the 'Medieval Warm Period' (approx ad 1000–1270) and a relatively wet climate during the 'Little Ice Age' (approx ad 1270–1850) which was interrupted by three prolonged dry episodes.
    We also find strong chronological links between the reconstructed history of natural long-term rainfall variation and the pre-colonial cultural history of east Africa4, highlighting the importance of a detailed knowledge of natural long-term rainfall fluctuations for sustainable socio-economic development.

              famine news        
    I am sending money to a friend in Zimbabwe to help her family (mainly to pay school fees for her nephews and nieces) and I haven't heard from here in several months. I hope she is well: She has high blood pressure and has had a stroke, and the last email said she is having problems getting to a computer or using her cellphone to text me that she received her money. I can't send much: I am on social security, but every little bit helps.

    The money crisis there is bad: They had uberiflation which got in the news a couple years ago, but later allowed people to use SARands or US dollars, which did help: I can now send her US dollars by Western Union and know she is getting the amount I sent her, not the amount that was legal by official government exchange, which was much lower than the money was worth.

    now, if you know history, the lack of money in hand has caused frustration  and even hardship, so the latest item (VOA) says that the gov't is trying to have the rural folks use debit cards etc. instead of coins.

    Zimbabwe has a fairly high standard of education, and when politics and financial collapse occurred (due to Mugabe's socialist policies, but also because of sanctions because Mugabe stole the land from White farmers to distribute to locals, and later to his friends. Of course the white farmers got the land from the people, but never mind).

    So the educated skedaddled to get jobs elsewhere: in the UK but mainly in South Africa, often as illegal immigrants, who work to try to support the families back home.

    Hollywood teds to blame Trump, but these problems are nothing new, and Hollywood has indeed had films/tv shows that examine the issues under the guise of Science Fiction.  If you saw the sciFi movie District 9, well, that started as a short film satire against the dislike of immigrants. So under Trumpie, will the US be District 9, or Alien Nation, which is about assimilating refugees from outer space?

    Well, anyway, this year the rains didn't come again so hunger again is a problem in rural areas. Not getting a lot of publicity in the US MSM. Get Religion links to this story about famine in rural Kenya, which will break your heart.

    The point is that governments are trying to cope, but not doing a good enough job. The Red Cross is there, as are many from the "faith communities", but Muslim and Christian, which are on the front line of assistance.

    And the article ends with a plea for improving the ability to farm:

    Meanwhile, Matolo and other many faith leaders in East Africa continue to stress better farming methods, the use of quality seeds and increased water harvesting. “When I see the people starving, I feel desperate. I also feel disappointed that many of the promises by government officials to deliver water have not been honored,” said Matolo. “If these people can get water for irrigation, the area will become the country’s bread basket. They are doing it in Israel, which is a desert. Here, the soils are very fertile and the people are not lazy.”
    The US has responded by increasing aid: Trump just sent 4 million more, on top of the 131 million already sent there since June 2015, which the UN, US and other agencies will use to feed people and work on the infrastructure. (safe water and sanitation).

    Relief net has a long article about the various aid agencies helping countries in East and South Africa during this drought.

    Aid agencies are often used since money to local governments might just get diverted. China has helped in Zimbabwe when western aid was cut over "human rights" abuses etc. but of course, lots of their money got diverted to keep the Mugabe regime in power.

    and they mention that in Zimbabwe, the corn and other crops are being destroyed by the FallArmy worm.  This will need pesticides, and GM crops might help control it.

     CNN Report here.


    There are huge back stories about why not: From the countries emphasizing modernization in cities instead of farming, to the NGO's that too often oppose GM crops and the green revolution (and influence local governments to ban these modern crops), or NGO's who were more worried about animals than humans, to political instability and tribal politics, where one tribe got the money and the others were neglected. Indeed, in parts of Africa, a lot of the religious conflict is tribal conflict and/or traditional rivalry between farmers and herders.

    Zimbabwe doesn't have a lot of religious conflicts, although there is a low grade one between between the Matabele (a warrior tribe and Zulu offshoot) and the Mashona (pacifistic farmers).

    These famines are not new: as I said in an earlier post, they had a major one when I was there in the 1970's, and another in the 1990's. Sigh.

    but one thing that is often left out of these stories (which in the western press alas often follow the  "westerners aid poor African" meme): that the Diaspora is supporting their families.

    This HuffPost story is about remittances sent back from those who migrated to work elsewhere and are sending money home.

    According to a report published by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in 2013, remittances sent to the world’s poorest countries including 33 African countries have increased to US $27 billion in 2011 from US $3.5 billion in 1990.

    South African mining is a big source of these remittances, but then there are a lot of other stories out there about undocumented educated workers who do menial jobs to support their families.

    This is the back story of all those Africans trying to sneak into Europe, or my previous post about Africans in China.

    There are an estimated 400 thousand illegal black immigrants in the US: Some from Haiti or the West Indies, but many from Africa.

    these immigrants have faces, and families. So do we gather them up and send them back, or work to integrate them? District 9 or Alien Nation? Anyone? Anyone?

              Album Review: Blues Traveler - Blow Up The Moon        

    Blues Traveler's career has been one that can easily be divided into two halves. Starting out, they were a through-and-through rock band that managed to score critical and chart success. They did what they did, and scored a multi-platinum album and hit singles. After that, their career took a turn, and they fell back into the underground, despite trying to recapture that chart success. It's a bit ironic, but the Blues Traveler that didn't care about being popular scored massive success, and the Blues Traveler that tried to write hits fell off the radar.

    That second act has been a sketchy hit-and-miss affair, which I say as someone who's first ever CD was “Four”. “Truth Be Told” gave me every indication that Blues Traveler could become a pop band, because it was a fantastic turn on the band's traditional sound, feeling contemporary and mainstream while still sounding like themselves, and bringing the songs. The albums since then have been less successful, whether the too-rock-for-its-own-good “Bastardos!”, the puzzling experiment I still don't understand of “North Hollywood Shootout” (which looked even worse when John Popper And The Duskray Troubadors came out and did what that album aimed to ten times better), or the pop pandering of “Suzie Cracks The Whip”, which was the best of that bunch because it was an honest reflection of their aims, in addition to being a strong set of songs.

    This time out, we have what is being billed as a 'collaborative album', where every track features either a guest singer or a co-writer. While that can be refreshing for a band that's been at it for twenty-five years, it's a scary proposition for long-time fans, such as myself. So does the experiment work?

    The answer to that question is difficult to consider as a whole, and varies wildly from song to song.

    First, let's talk about what works. John Popper and company have been at this a long time, so they know their way around a song. With only one exception, you know when you pick up a Blues Traveler album that you're going to get at least a few earworms. That is the case here, as even though the focus has titled explicitly towards modern pop, Popper's ear for melody is strong enough that at least half the songs here feature sticky hooks. Starting with the opening “Hurricane”, there are some beautiful examples of pop songcraft on display here. “Hurricane” is the first winner, but it's hardly alone. “Nikkia's Prom” and “Matador” (which I swear would be a hit if released to country radio) in the middle of the album are riotously catchy, “Jackie's Baby” is a candy-coated gem, and Jewel's vocals lift “Hearts Are Still Awake” into high territory. Combine all of those with two fun-loving songs co-written with Bowling For Soup, and you have the foundation of a great record.

    But let's talk about what doesn't work. “Vagabond Blues” is a reggae/hip hop take on a Blues Traveler song, but it's not the rapped verses that are the problem. The song lacks a strong chorus, and just feels underwritten. But more than anything, the problem with the record is that it doesn't feel at all like a Blues Traveler album. The number of guest vocalists, their prominence in the songs, and the fact that they are often given the first line to sing, all make this feel like something weird. Much of the production is modern pop sheen, leaving the songs sounding faceless when compared to what Blues Traveler should be. Often, the instrumentals don't sound at all like they're being played by the members of the band as we have come to know them. Plus, despite it's intent to be funny, “I Know Right” is a cheap series of jokes that don't land at all. I actually feel a bit insulted hearing “LMFAO” "and totes amazeballs" used as a lyric, outside of Weird Al's genius.

    When we weigh the scales, the good certainly outweighs the bad. By and large, these are really good takes on what has come to be the modern guitar-pop sound. Compared to the bland garbage of bands like Bleachers, “Blow Up The Moon” is a refreshing counterweight to pop music that has forgotten to be pop. But as a Blues Traveler album, I can't help but be disappointed, because there isn't enough Blues Traveler here. I know they want to do new things and not get stuck in a run, and that's fine, but listeners buy these albums to hear the band they love. What I heard on “Blow Up The Moon” is a very good pop album, but with this many co-writers and guest singers, I'm not sure what I heard was actually a Blues Traveler album.


              Film | Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1957)        

    Last week, I went on a mini shopping spree online. I was feeling some kind of way and looked to my credit card to feel better. Needless to say, I now have quite a few new Classic Hollywood goodies in my collection. One of those items is The Jayne Mansfield DVD Collection. I've had this book marked for who knows how long. Amazon gets you with those 'Only 4 left in stock!' things... well they got me at least. This set includes 'The Girl Cant Help It' (1956), 'The Sheriff With The Fractured Jaw' (1958), and the film this post is about... 'Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?' (1957).

    Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter? (1957)

     "Man, oh man, oh Mansfield!"

    The Players:

    Jayne Mansfield as Rita Marlowe
    Tony Randall as Rockwell P. Hunter
    Betsy Drake as Jenny Wells
    Joan Blondell as Violet

    The Story:

    Jayne Mansfield teams with Tony Randall in this hilarious spoof about an ad man who nabs a movie star for his campaign -- and opens a can of worms in the process. Ad writer Rockwell Hunter (Randall) thinks he's hit the jackpot when sexy starlet Rita Marlowe (Mansfield) agrees to endorse a line of lipstick he's touting. But when the press mistakes the business partnership for an affair, it'll take some tricky maneuvers to set the story straight. [Netflix]

    My Favorite Scene:

    This is a hard one because I thoroughly enjoyed every second of this film. I haven't literally lol'd during a film in quite some time. If I have to narrow it down to just one scene, I will have to go with the scene where Betsy Drake's character Jenny Wells is imitating the 'oh so kissable' Rita Marlowe. Prior to this scene, she stopped into a lingerie store to buy new under garments to get the shape of Marlowe. So when we first see her in the next scene, her bosoms are pointed to the sky and her waist of non existent. And if that wasnt enough, she does a spot on impersonation of Rita's voice and squeal. I was cracking up more each time she opened her mouth. Bravo!

    Trivia and Tidbits:

    Jayne Mansfield originated the role of Rita Marlowe in the Broadway play that ran 444 performances at the Belasco Theatre in New York from 1955-1956.

    Jayne Mansfield's character Rita Marlowe's name was a combination of 3 of my favorite Classic Film actresses... Rita Hayworth, Jean Harlow, and Marilyn Monroe.

    The films that Rita Marlowe 'stars' in are actually films Jayne Mansfield starred in prior to this film being made... "The Girl Can't Help It" (1956), "Kiss Them for Me" (1957) and "The Wayward Bus" (1957).

    If you didn't catch it, the film pokes a little bit of fun at fellow blonde bombshell Marilyn Monroe. Rita Marlowe leaves Hollywood abruptly for New York for some personal time and to form her own production company... as Monroe did that same year.

    Tony Randall was nominated for a Golden Globe for Best Motion Picture Actor – Musical/Comedy for his work on this film.

    In 2000, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

    My Thoughts:

    'Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?' set out with one goal in mind... to satire pop culture, Hollywood hype and the ad industry. From it's over the top heartthrob obsessed teen mobs to it's celebrity driven culture... I believe it achieved just that. Let's be honest... this film's message is just as relevant today, 60 years later, than it was in 1957.

    Tony Randall was so loveable and such a joy to watch. He had such a great timing for comedy. Joan Blondell snuck up on me as Rita Marlowe's assistant... forgot how wonderful she is! Jayne Mansfield was so likable and so full of that 'it' factor that you can't look away when she is on screen. I don't know about you, but I could listen to that woman talk for hours... and do not get me started on that squeal... it is everything!

    Overall Rating:

              Zwemles spelletjes        
    Mijn jongste zoon gaat tegenwoordig twee keer per week naar zwemles. Soms neem ik een haakwerkje mee als tijdverdrijf maar het is ook een perfect moment om even een spelletje te doen met mijn oudste dochter. Altijd gezellig. De spelletjes moeten wel aan wat voorwaarden voldoen. Ze moeten in de tas passen en niet veel ruimte innemen op de tafel. Ook moet het een snel spelletje zijn want langer dan een half uur hebben we niet.

    Deze voldoen aan de voorwaarden en zijn ook erg leuk!



    Animal Party

    Regenwormen Junior


              Extreme Vermicomposting        
    Likely one of the most common reader questions/concerns over the years has related to the challenge of vermicomposting outdoors (or at least in locations that are not climate-controlled). While I like to think of vermicomposting as the “ultimate” indoor composting method, I know all too well that keeping worm bins indoors is not always an […]
              RWC T-Shirts Survey Results        
    The results are IN! 174 RWC email list subscribers participated in our recent t-shirt slogan poll, and now that the dust has finally settled I’d like to share the results. Here are the TOP 10 favorite slogans: 1) “Official Worm Herder” – 70 Votes 2) “Red Worm Composting – WAY Too Much Fun With Worms!” […]
              1000+ Facebook Group Members!        
    Yesterday was a momentous occasion! The Red Worm Composting Facebook Group hit the 1000 member mark! Whoohoo! I’ve been blown away, not only by how quickly the group has grown, but also by the level and quality of interactions! Lots of great vermicomposting information being shared. A big thanks goes to my new friend, and […]
              Join the New Red Worm Composting Facebook Group!        
    Ok, I’ll admit it – I’ve been going a little bit Facebook-group-crazy as of late. It all started when I decided to test out a private FB group for the Worm Farming Alliance, after being impressed with some othe FB groups I belonged to. I really liked the level of interactivity, and the ease of […]
              RWC 1000th Blog Post!        
    Wow, it seems like only yesterday that we were celebrating the 600th blog post here at Red Worm Composting! In actuality, it was nearly two years ago! Time flies when you are playing with worms. On this monumental occasion (who’da thunk we’d get this far?!), I thought it would be fun to look back and […]
              RWC Fall 2013 Update        
    I’m sure some of you have been wondering why I haven’t been blogging very much as of late, so I decided it was time post an update. Unfortunately, I need to step away from (or at least cut back on) my Red Worm Composting writing efforts so as to to put most of my focus […]
              2013 NCSU Vermiculture Conference – Early Bird Pricing        
    From Rhonda Sherman: The Early Bird Registration Rate is ending on September 20…only a week away! Reserve your seat today by registering for NCSU’s 14th Vermiculture Conference. New this year: register on-line and pay by credit card at http://www.bae.ncsu.edu/workshops/worm_conference/registration.php Click below in my autosignature to check out the speakers, agenda, where to stay, etc. See […]
              O to be a Dragon        
    JPGby KAHD © 07-19-2007:
    Inspired by the quote on a Magic the Gathering card, the Dragon Welp. "Oh to be a dragon... of silkworm size or immense." which I find was further quoted from "O To Be a Dragon: If I, like Solomon, . . . could have my wish - my wish - O to be a dragon, a symbol of the power of Heaven - of silkworm size or immense; at times invisible. Felicitous phenomenon!" by Marianne Moore. The things you learn when you look.

              â€˜The Daemon’ – our highest consciousness        

    Ask Anthony Peake to tell you about the tiny planarian worm and you’ll get a conversation started that will blow your mind. This is the gist of it: Cut the head off a planarian worm and within weeks it grows back. Amazing! But if that worm had been trained to find food from a particular

    The post ‘The Daemon’ – our highest consciousness appeared first on Afterlife Explorers.

              Sardar - Back On Demand        
    A sardar on an interview for the post of detective was asked a question -

    Interviewer - Who killed Gandhiji ?

    Sardar- Thanks for giving me the job, I will investigate.


    Sardarji, tell me ...., what is the meaning of SMS ?

    Sardar angrily said, i know -

    it means....

    S - Sardaron ke

    M - Mazak udane ki

    S - Service


    Shopkeeper: "ISke Saath koi gift nahin hai bhaisaab"

    Sard : "Oye ispe likha hai CHOLESTROL FREE!!"








    Sardarjee to Sunita: "I want to marry you"
    Sunita: "But I am one year elder than you."
    Sardarjee: "No Problem, then I will marry you next year."


    Two Sardars went into a pub and after ordering two
    drinks took some sandwiches out of their pockets and started to eat them.
    "You can't eat your own sandwiches in here," complained the pub-owner.
    So the two sardars exchanged their sandwiches.


    Once a Sardarji was going to his office.
    On the way he slipped on a banana peel and was badly hurt.
    Next day , he noticed two banana peels and
    exclaimed" ari , aaj to choice hai"!!!!!!


    American says "US mein shaadi E-mail se hoti hai.."
    Sardarji " India mein to.. shaadi Fe-mail se hi hoti


    Dr Chopra psychotherapist wanted 'Sign board' to be
    pained in front of his clinic but our Sardar painter
    painted "Dr Chorpa Psycho The Rapist"


    What is the difference between WATCH & WIFE .........

    Ek bigadti hai to bandh ho jati hai......

    Doosari bigadati hai to "SHUROO' ho jati hai


    Doctor to Sardaar : App ka aur aapki biwi ka blood group ek hi hai?

    Sardaar : Hoga, Jarur hoga; 25 saal sey mera khoon jo pee rahi hai....


    A two seater plane crashed in a graveyard ........

    Local sardars have so far found 500 bodies and are still..... digging for more.


    Sardar found answer to most difficult question ever

    What comes first - the chicken or the egg ?


    A sardar invested 2 Lakhs in a business and Suffered
    huge Loss.
    Do u know what the business was?
    . . . .. . . . . . . . He opened a Saloon in Punjab!.


    A sardharji photographer focusing a dead body's face
    in a funeral > function, suddenly all relatives beat
    him why?
    He said "SMILE PLEASE"


    Srdr gets ready ,wears tie, coat ,goes out, climbs
    tree, sits on the
    branch regularly. A man asks why he does this.
    Srdr:"I've been promoted as branch manager."


    Sardarji standing below a tube light with a open

    because his doctor advised him "Todays dinner should
    be light".




    One sardarji professor asked a plumber to come to
    his college.

    U knw Why?

    Because he wanted to check where the question paper is


    Sardar told his servant: Go and water the plants.
    Servant: It's already raining.
    Sardar: So what take an umbrella and go.


    Sardar comes back 2 his car & finds a note saying "Parking Fine"

    He writes a note and sticks it 2 pole "Thanks 4 d complement"

    ------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------------

    How do you recognize a Sardar in School?

    He is the one who erases the notes from the book when the teacher erases the board.

    ------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------

    once a Sardhar was walking and had a glove on one hand and not on other so the man asked him why did he do so. He Replied that the weather forecast announced that on one hand it would be cold and on the other hand it would be hot.


    Sardarji praising his son who is a Civil engineer, who just laid a road near his house. "Wow! This is terrific! Look at the job he has done! The distance from my house to the railway station is the same as the railway station to my house!!!!!!!!"


    Sardarji zebra crossing ke black & white patte par bar bar idhar-udhar chalte the, woh kya rahe honge....think.............



    What is the chemical formula 4 water? Sardar: HIJKLMNO.

    Teacher: what r u talking about?

    Sardar: Yesterday u said H to O.


    Sardarji is trying to commit suicide on the railway tracks and he takes along some wine and chicken with him. Somebody stops him and asks "kyon bhai, ye sab kyon leke baithe ho?" (Why do you take these things with you?). Sardarji replies "Saali train late aati hai kahin bhook se na marjaun" (If the stupid train comes late, I will die of hunger!


    Sardar ji Aapko logo ne kyun mara ? Sardar " yaar Meri Photo Bas main Gir Gayi To Maine Madam Se Kaha Zara Sadi Upar Karo Photo Lena Hai"


    Ek sardar Indian Flag lene shop mein gaya tha. Shopwale ne usse flag diya. Sardar bola: Isme aur colour dikhao!!!


    Ek american ek sardar se kaha hamare yahan saadi e-mail se bhi hoti hai isper sardar bola kamal hai hamare yahan to sirf female se hoti hai


    A Sardar went 2 hotel, ordered chiken, Waiter comes with the order, Surdar:Murgey di taang kithe hai? Waiter:Woh langra tha.

    Surdar: Dil? Waiter:Dil murgi le gayee. Surdar: Dimaag? Waiter: Murga SARDAR tha


    SARDAR:: Beta ye kaisi machis lay kar aaye ho ek bhi nahi jal rahi
    SON :: kya baat kartay ho pappa sub check kar kay laya hoooon


    This sardarji goes to see Jurassic Park and when the Dinosaurs start
    approaching, he was hiding under his seat when his friend asks him ;kyon
    sardarji, kya baat hai? Dar kyon lag raha hai cinema hi to hai.; Sardarji
    replies ;Aadmi hoon aur akkal hai, pata hai ki cinema hai, lekin voh to
    janwar hai, usko kya pata"


    Sardar ji is buying a TV
    "Do you have color TVs?"
    "Give me a green one, please."


    Sardar ji is filling up a job application
    He promptly fills in the lines on NAME, AGE, ADDRESS, etc.
    Then came the column SALARY EXPECTED
    After much thought he writes: Yes


    What does Sardarji do after taking photocopies?
    He compares it with the original for spelling mistakes.


    What does Sardarji do when he has one white sheet and wants an extra
    He makes a photocopy of the white sheet.


    What do you do when a Sardar throws a hand grenade at you? Pull the pin and throw it back.


    How do you make a Sardar laugh on Saturday? Tell him a joke on Wednesday.


    One day evening a Sardarji starts from office to home with pushing his scooter manually. He met his friend on the way...

    Friend: why are you pushing your scooter manually? Sardarji: 'I forgot to bring the scooter key from my home. Friend: 'Is it!

    Then, How did you come to office from home in the morning?' Sardarji: 'I was pushing my scooter from home to office also in the morning.


    How Does a Sardar Cheat the Railways?? He buys the ticket but doesn't travel !!!!!!!!


    BEPPO SINGH QUEUING BEHIND HIS FRIEND AT AN ATM MACHINE. Friend: What are you looking at? Beppo Singh: I know your PIN no., hee, hee. Friend: Alright, what is my PIN no. if you saw it? Beppo Singh: four asterisks!


    Sardar sent a SMS to his pregnant wife. Two seconds later a report came to his phone and he started dancing. The report said, "DELIVERED".


    Two Sardarjis, both student of I.I.T, Kanpur, were talking about the American Astronauts.

    One said to the other, "What's the big deal about going to the moon-anybody can go to the moon. We are sardars we will go direct to the sun."

    "But if we get within 13 million miles from the sun, we'll melt."

    And the first answered, "So what, we'll go at night."


    One Sardar read a board "likhney wala briliant.....parhney wala idiot.." Sardar becomes engry, he rub the board and writes, "parhney wala briliant, likhney wala idiot...."


    Sardarji goes to a hotel and eats heartily. After eating he goes to wash his hands but starts washing the basin instead. The manager comes running and asks him, "Prahji, aap kya kar rahe ho?" To this the man replies, "Oye, tumne hi to idhar board lagaya hai "Wash Basin".


    What did the Sardar say when she saw the sign in front of the YMCA?
    "Look! They spelled MACY'S wrong!"


    What do you call an eternity?
    Four Sardars in four cars at a four way stop.


    Why do Sardars have TGIF written on their shoes?
    Toes Go In First.


    What do SMART Sardars and UFO's have in common?
    You always hear about them but never see them.


    Why did the Sardars stare at the can of frozen orange juice?
    Because it said concentrate.
    Oh look, Daddy...Donut seeds.


    Why do Sardars always smile during lightning storms?
    They think their picture is being taken.


    How can you tell when a Sardars sends you a fax?
    It has a stamp on it.


    Why can't Sardars dial 911?
    They can't find the 11 on the phone!


    This sardarji goes to see Jurassic Park and when the Dinosaurs start approaching, he was hiding under his seat when his friend asks him ;kyon sardarji, kya baat hai? Dar kyon lag raha hai cinema hi to hai.; Sardarji replies ;Aadmi hoon aur akkal hai, pata hai ki cinema hai, lekin voh to janwar hai, usko kya pata"


    A jet ran in to some turbulent weather. To keep passengers calm, the air hostess brought out the beverage carts."I'd like a soda " said the passenger in the front row. Moving along, the air hostess asked the man behind her if he would like something."Yes I would," he replied. "Give me whatever the pilot is drinking!".


    "I'm going on vacation . Could you suggest a thrilling crime story ?" Santa asks to Banta. "Here this one is so suspenseful you won't be able to put it down" replies Banta. "only on the last page do you find out that the gardener did it".


    Santa meets Banta
    Santa: "so have you moved to a new house"
    Banta: "No."
    Santa: "Why not? You advertised to sell your old house, didn't you?"
    Banta: "Yes, but when I read the ad, I realized it was just the home I was looking for!".


    Do you really sell that much salt? A man asks to a Sardar who is running a grocery shop stocked with thousands of boxes of salt.
    "No " says the Sardar. "I sell may be two boxes a month. To tell you the truth, I'm not a good salt seller. But the one who sell me salt-now he's a good salt seller."


    One day Sardar happened to see a marathon race.
    "What the guys are doing" asked the sardar.
    " We are running a marathon. The winner will get prize" replied one runner.
    "Only the winner will get prize! Then why others are participating!!" Exclaimed the Sardar


    One day a sardarji was sitting in his office on the
    thirteenth floor building when a man came running in
    to his office and shouted "Santa Singh your daughter
    Preeto just died in an accident" Sardarji was in
    panic.Not knowing what to do he jumped from his office
    window. While coming down when he was near the tenth
    floor he remembered he didn't have a daughter named
    Preeto. When he was near the fifth floor he remembered
    he was not married.When he was about to hit the ground
    he remembered he was not Santa Singh.


    A sardar walked up to the front desk of the library
    and said, "I borrowed a book last week, but it was the
    most boring I've ever read. There was no story
    whatsoever, and there were far too many characters!"
    The librarian replied, "Oh, you must be the person who
    took our phone book."


    A sardar was walking along, when he looked up to
    observe a bird flying overhead. Suddenly, the bird
    dropped a load when it was directly over him. The
    Sardar says, "Good thing that cows don't fly."


    Did you hear about the sardar who asked his friends to
    give him all their burnt out light bulbs? He just
    bought a camera and wanted to set up a Darkroom.


    One Sardar was enjoying Sun on a Beach in UK.A lady
    came and asked him, " Are you relaxing" Sardar
    answered '" No I am Banta Singh" Another Guy Came and
    asked! ! ! ! the same Question. Sardar answered " No No Me
    ! Banta Singh" Third one came and asked the same
    question Sardar was totally annoyed and decided to
    shift his place. While walking he saw another Sardar
    enjoying the Beach. He went and asked him " Are you
    Relaxing?" The other Sardar was much educated and
    answered "Yes I am relaxing. The Sardar slapped him on
    his face and said "Idiot, Sab tere Ko wahahn dhoond
    rahe hai aur tu Yahaan Aaram Kar raha hai. "


    A call from ladies hostel at night to electricity office
    " we lost the power send your men"
    " No Man here, Use Candles"


    Then there was the 85 year old woman who found her husband in bed with another woman. She was so enraged that she dragged him to the balcony of their high-rise apartment and pushed him to his death.When she appeared in court, the judge asked if she had anything to say in her own defence."Well Your Honour," she replied, "I figured if at 92 he he could make love, he could fly too."


    Banat singh was working in a studio as a photographer. One day he went to a function to take some snaps. While filling the film roll in to the camera it dropped down rolled beneath to the saree of an woman. Sardar hesitated for a moment and approached the woman and said "Could you please lift up the saree so that I can take the photo"


    There is a group of 7 Sardars who plan to meet their old friend the
    President Dr. Zail Singh The Sardars decide to take a taxi. The taxi driver takes them to Rashtrapati Bhavan. The meter shows Rs. 28/-, so the taxi driver says, "You have to pay me
    28/-." Now, the Sardars have to share the cost among themselves and so they
    to divide the total (Rs. 28/-) by the number of people, i.e . 7.
    This is how they do the calculation to arrive at the answer:
    7 | 28 = 13 ( 7 x 1 = 7, 7 x 3 = 21 ).
    -- The driver is exceedingly happy upon receiving Rs. 13/- from each of
    Sardars. He thanks them profusely and the feeling of happiness is
    on his face as he leaves them and proceeds his way. Seeing this, the Sardars feel that they may have made a mistake. They decide to ask Zail Singh about it. After all, the fellow was the
    President of the nation! They ask Zail Singh to check their calculation of the taxi fare. Zail Singh ponders over the calculations and finally says, "See, I am
    good at division. The process just boggles me but addition is something
    I am
    an expert at. Let us add all the amounts you guys gave to the taxi
    and check the result. This is how I do for those tax forms I get very
    often. The process is slow but is sure." The other sardars nod their
    (?) in appreciation. The President writes as shown below and also explains as he writes on:
    i.e. 3+3+3+3+3+3+ 3= 21 and 21+1+1+1+1+1+ 1+1=28 so this checks out. He then says, "Yes, it's correct. But I can also call my close friend
    Finance man Banta Singh. Banta Singh arrives, and when told of the problem, he replies that
    doesn't think it is a bad deal but says, "No problem! I will verify it
    mathematical computation. I'll verify it with multiplication. That
    best technique for this, you see!" While others watch in admiration, Banta Singh goes on to write as
    --- (7*3=21 ,7*1=7 so 21+7=28)
    + 7
    28 This checks out as well.
    Then he says, "This is really fine. There should be no problem,
    Sahab. After all, it is correct in all the methods."


    Our sardarji was filling up an application form for a job. He promptly filled the columns titled NAME,AGE,ADDRESS etc. Then he the column SEX. He was not sure as to what to be filled there. After much thought he wrote THRICE A WEEK. On seeing this in his appln. form, he was told that it was wrong and what they wanted it to be filled was either MALE or FEMALE. Again our sardar thought for a long time before coming up with the answer PREFERABLY FEMALES.


    Sardar Garbhajan singh went for his usual morning walk. At one junction he found a crowd. One man holding a syringe on one hand and the famous actress on the other hand. He threatens to inject the liquid which contain AIDS virus in to her body unless he is given a ransom of 10 corers of Rupees . Police men are helplessly watching. At this moment Garbachen rushed to the man and has a fight, he dropped the syringe, Police men arrested him. On the next day a ceremony is conducted to reward Garbachen. The chief guest CM of punjab while giving away the reward asked to the Garbachen " We are proud of you How did you show that much of courage even if you are aware of AIDS ?" Garbachen said "Sir I always wear a condom to avoid AIDS"


    One man went to consult as he is very thin and doesn't grow well after having enough food, after diagnosis doctor said there is a worm inside his stomach it eats everything you eat and the man asked for the treatment. Doctor prescribed the treatment "From tomorrow onwards when you come to see myself come with a banana and an apple". The net day he came with a banana and an apple. Doctor told him to eat the banana and insert the apple through his back hole. After one month treatment there is no change except size of the back hole increased so that the apple can be thrown through the hole freely. He told the doctor " Doctor there is no change in my physical condition after one month of treatment " Doctor told him "when you come tomorrow come with a banana and a hammer instead of apple". The next day he came with banana and the hammer. Doctor let the man to eat the banana first and wait for a five minutes while the worm come out from his stomach and told the ill fated patient "You idiot trying to change my diet , where is my apple??" At the very moment the doctor thrashed the worm with the hammer and the insect dead.


    This sardarji goes to see Jurassic Park and when the Dinosaurs start approaching, he was hiding under his seat when his friend asks him ;kyon sardarji, kya baat hai? Dar kyon lag raha hai cinema hi to hai.; Sardarji replies ;Aadmi hoon aur akkal hai, pata hai ki cinema hai, lekin voh to janwar hai, usko kya pata"


    There's a funeral procession of a sardar going on a busy street. All the sardars in the 'mayyat' are dancing the bhangra and singing and general 'balle balle' is on. The people on the street find it strange that instead of mourning everyone is
    celebrating as if its marriage baraat. So one of them asks Santa Singh, ;Singh Saab, aapka koi sage wala gujar gaya hai aur aap naach rahe ho?; .....comes the reply, ;Haan ji! Hai hi baat badi kushi ki!!! Aaj paheli baar ek sardar brain tumour se mara hai!!!;


    Santa and Banta went to US They have stayed a five star hotel. Santa don't know how to use the European closet he dropped everything in a packet and placed it on one of the leaves of the fan. Banta came and switch on the fan and everything spread on the wall When the room boy came Santa gave a 10 dollars and told him to wash it off . But the Room boy gazed at it for a five minutes and taken a 25 dollars from the pocket and told to Santa "I will give you this 25 dollars if you say how did u do it so beautifully".


    Garbachan singh was travelling from Calcutta to Bombay by a plane, There were one American, one Russian, one Pakistani and some other passengers. Suddenly something went wrong pilot alarmed that plane lost it's control and some of the passengers have to jump out to rescue the rest of them. Firstly the American jumped out saying "Jai America" again the condition didn't change then the Russian jumped out from the plane saying "Jai Russia". But the condition still the same. The next is Garbachen's turn he hesitated for a moment and pulled out the Pakistani by saying "Jai India".


    A jet ran in to some turbulent weather. To keep passengers calm, the air hostess brought out the beverage carts.
    "I'd like a soda " said the passenger in the front row. Moving along, the air hostess asked the man behind her if he would like something.
    "Yes I would," he replied. "Give me whatever the pilot is drinking!".


    "I'm going on vacation . Could you suggest a thrilling crime story ?" Santa asks to Banta. "Here this one is so suspenseful you won't be able to put it down" replies Banta. "only on the last page do you find out that the gardener did it".


    Santa meets Banta
    Santa: "so have you moved to a new house"
    Banta: "No."
    Santa: "Why not? You advertised to sell your old house, didn't you?"
    Banta: "Yes, but when I read the ad, I realized it was just the home I was looking for!".


    One day Sardar happened to see a marathon race.
    "What the guys are doing" asked the sardar.
    " We are running a marathon. The winner will get prize" replied one runner.
    "Only the winner will get prize! Then why others are participating!!" Exclaimed the Sardar


    While at the college Sardar happened to watch the notice board.
    It reads: Invites suggestions for the modification of Ladies Room.
    Sardar writes under Let the men Permit to Enter


    Once, a Hindu, a Sardar and an American were travelling in an aeroplane. Suddenly, something went wrong and the engines stalled. They had no parachutes with them. So all the three of them decided to risk their lives and jump out of their planes. First, the Sardar jumped out. He removed his turban, used it as a parachute and jumped. Using the turban he slowly floated down. Then the Hindu removed his dhoti and jumped out. Again his dhoti acted as a parachute and he also floated down gently. Seeing this, the American removed his shirt and pant and jumped out. Unfortunately, they did not do well as a parachute and he began to fall rapidly from the plane to the ground. He passed by the Hindu who said - " May Bhagwan help you". Then he passed the Sardar. The Sardar looked at the American zooming past him and was puzzled. So he said - "I see! You want a race! Let us see who is faster" Saying so, he let go of his turban.


    When Gavaskar finds out that there has been released, a movie, in Australia called "Gavaskar", he is very happy. He plans to watch it and gets a ticket for Australia at once. With great difficulty he manages to get a ticket and very happily he goes to see the movie. But when he comes out of the cinema he is very angry! He goes straight to the director of the movie and says, "What do you mean by this? You named your movie 'Gavaskar', but didnt show anything about me in it!". The director of the movie laughs and says, "So now you understand the problem? You people too made a movie called 'Border', but did you show anything about Allan Border in it?"


    A Punjabi Sardar and a Bengali Babu were talking about their State's patriotic history during the freedom struggle. The debate heated up and both ended up claiming that their state had the maximum number of freedom fighters. They finally agreed on a method to find which of the states had more freedom fighters. Each person would say the name of a freedom fighter from his state and pull one hair out of his opponents head. Both of them began earnestly. "Bhagat Singh" said the Sardar and pulled one hair from the Bengali. "Netaji" said the Bengali and did the same. They continued like this for some time, but soon exhausted all known freedom fighters. The Bengali, however, was very clever. He used Sardar's ignorance and reeled off a lot of imaginary names. The Punjabi was stuck. He did not know any more Punjabi freedom fighter's name. He thought deeply for
    a moment, jumped on the Bengali's head and pulled all his hair out shouting - "JallianWala Bagh".


    Sardarji is trying to commit suicide on the railway tracks and he takes along some wine and chicken with him. Somebody stops him and asks "kyon bhai, ye sab kyon leke baithe ho?" (Why do you take these things with you?). Sardarji replies "Saali train late aati hai kahin bhook se na marjaun" (If the stupid train comes late, I will die of hunger!)


    Banta Singh finished his English exam and came out. His friends asked him how did he do his exam, for that he replied ; Exam was okay, but for the past tense of THINK, I thought, and thought, and thought ... and at last I wrote THUNK !!!;


    sardarji is walking the other day and comes across a banana peel on the road. Can you guess what he might be thinking?? Saala aaj bhi girna padega!!!


    Banta Singh dialed to talk to his dear pal Santa Singh "Is that 6545224?." asked Banta Singh. "No this is 6545225." came the reply. After thinking for few seconds Banta Singh replied "No matter, please call Mr. Santa Singh from next door


    An Englishman, an American and a Sardarji are called upon to test a lie detector .The Englishman says: "I think I can empty 20 bottles of beer".
    BUZZZZZZ, goes the lie detector.
    "Ok", he says, "10 bottles".
    And the machine is silent.
    The American says: "I think I can eat 15 hamburgers".
    BUZZZZZZ, goes the lie detector.
    "All right, 8 hamburgers".
    And the machine's silent.
    The Sardarji says: "I think...", BUZZZZZZ goes the machine.


    Santa and Banta work in a software company. One day, they were to move their m/cs to another building. Santa was having a tough time carrying his machine.
    Santa : "My m/c has 500 MB disk.
    See how easily I am carrying it. Yours has just 250 MB.
    Can't you carry even this much?"
    Banta : "But yours is empty and my disk is full"!!!


    Once Santa Singh was riding a cycle and he suddenly hit a girl!
    So girl shouted, 'Sala ghanti nahi maar sakta tha!!!'
    And sardarji replied, 'Poori cycle to maar di ab ghanti alag se


    The Titanic is going to be drowned.... Everybody in the ship is
    crying, running or praying to God...
    Just then an Italian asks the nearby Sardarji in the ship.
    Italian : How far is land, from here ?
    Sardarji : Two miles ..
    Italian : Only two miles, Then why are these fools making noise. I have
    got the experience of swimming even more. The Italian jumps off the ship
    into the sea and comes up to the layer to ask something again.
    Italian : Just tell me which side, is land two miles from here?
    Sardarji : Downwards......


    Once a sardar was looking at a WANTED poster & was wondering -

    Saala wanted tha to photo kheenchne ke baad use jaane kyon diya ?


    Sardar car ki battery change karwane gaya ...

    Mechanic - Sahab, Exide ki daal doon ?

    Sardar - Nahin yaar, dono side ki daal de, warna phir problem hogi.


    A Bihari was waiting for his bus at the bus stop. Finally the bus arrives and he gets in. The bus is fully loaded with sardarjis. One sardarji orders Bihari to tell a joke. Now, the Bihari thinks he's in big trouble because he knows only sardar
    jokes! After thinking for some time he decides to substitute all references to 'sardars' in his joke with 'Biharis'. He starts the jokes with, "There was once a Bihari..." And suddenly he gets a major blow on his back from one of the sardarjis who shouts, "Kyon be! Sab sardar mar gaye hai kya?"


    Two sardarjis were sitting outside a clinic. One of them was crying like anything. So the other asked,"Why are you crying?"

    The first one replied, "I came here for blood test" Second one asked," So? Are you afraid?" First one replied,"No, not that.

    During the blood test they cut my finger" Hearing this the second one started crying. The first one was astonished and asked other, "Why are you crying?" The other replied, "I have come for my urine test."

              Back to work        
    After a thoroughly relaxing Thanksgiving break, it's back to work tomorrow. I didn't hit many of the Black Friday sales, and didn't go to any of the early butt-crack of dawn ones - 4AM is too early for me to be shopping, unless I want to completely lose my judgment about what to buy.

    Anyway, on the agenda for the week is a brown bag covering what I learned at Internet Librarian. Luckily, there are a few things in my favor, since it's been almost a month:
    • A good number of the presentations are now linked from the IL07 Page.
    • I do have pretty good notes from the sessions I attended
    • A good number of folks blogged about the conference, which should be a significant help if there are things I don't remember specifics about.
    Right now, though, I've got the rest of today and apart from making laundry & turkey stock, I'm going to relax.
              Excellent read, even for Non Science-Fiction Fans from Audacious Rock by        
    Book front cover
    The Light of Other Days
    Arthur C. Clarke
    5 out of 5 stars

    The Light of Other Days is a fantastic book about worm holes. It basically centres around this phenomenon as it goes from fresh invention to world-wide, every-day-use technology.
    A worm hole, for those of you who are not science geeks, is a direct tunnel between two places. It's like the Stargate.
    The book follows the development of the technology from its infancy onwards and illustrates with many interesting story lines, how this technology could change the world we live in.

    In my opinion this book is fantastic, the stories are well thought out and the pace of the book is great. What fascinated me most about this book is the fact that Clarke doesn't just follow a single person, like the inventor, but rather analyses the impact such technology is likely to have on our society.
    The only downside I can see to the book, is that it seems far too melodramatic at times and the end left me unconvinced, definitly.
    Apart from that, I would recommend this title to anyone who is interested in a science-fiction book, without wanting to go full on. It's also a nice review of our society and where it is leading. A solid read.

              16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H        
    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H
    Lagi-lagi Ramadhan 1432H menjadi basa-basi sebagai pembuka postingan Ambae.exe. Semoga sobat Blogger tidak bosan dengan Ramadhan, tetapi semakin sayang dengannya. Betapa tidak, luar biasa nikmat kita rasakan karena masih dipertemukan dengan Ramadhan di tahun Hijriyah yanng ke-1432 ini. Dan mudah-mudahan di tahun-tahun mendatang, kita semua khususnya Muslim dan Muslimah masih tetap bisa merasakan nikmatnya bulan penuh ampunan dari semua masa yang ada. Perbanyak amalan dan perbanyak berdo'a kepada-NYA agar segala tindak-tanduk kita di muka bumi ini memberi faedah pada diri kita dan orang lain. Tentunya harus dibarengi dengan ketulusan/keihlasan dan penuh semangat dalam mengharapkan ridho Allah Swt.

    Enam belas tahun berlalu sejak 16 Agustus 1995 AMBAE dicetuskan, hingga kini Alhamdulillah masih bisa download dan upload tuk berbagi ide dan imajinasi kepada sobat Blogger sekalian. Di lain sisi, AMBAE pun tak henti-hentinya belajar dari sobat sekalian karena pada dasarnya AMBAE masih dalam tahap pembelajaran dan Insya Allah akan terus belajar selamanya. Masukan, kritikan, saran, nasehat dan apapun namanya amatlah penting bagi AMBAE yang telah Anda curahkan hingga kini. Terima kasih kepada yang tersayang dan all Netter atas segala support yang telah menjadikan AMBAE terlihat seperti saat ini. Serakahlah hamba Allah Swt bila tidak mengharapkan bantuan orang lain, sesungguhnya Allah Swt menciptakan segala sesuatunya berpasang-pasangan agar bisa bergandengan tangan meraih cita dan impiannya masing-masing.

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-1
    Alhamdulillahi Rabbil Alamin, ucap syukur kepada-NYA atas limpahan rahmat dan hidayah-NYA selama ini. Telah menggerakkan semua pihak untuk memberikan supportnya kepada AMBAE. Terima kasih tak terhingga kepada semua pihak atas semuanya.

    Ramadhan 1432H kini beranjak dewasa di usianya yang ke-16, Insya Allah esok sejak Imsak hingga saat berbuka Puasa tiba. Genap usianya yang ke-30 tahun, semoga sobat Blogger maupun sobat Netter lainnya selalu hadir memberi semangat kepada AMBAE selamanya. Sebelum dan sesudahnya terucaplah kembali Terima Kasih yang sebesar-besarnya. Alhasil, artikel kali ini banyak kosa kata Terima Kasih di dalamnya. Jadi jangan sampai bosan ya sobat.

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-2
    Pada awalnya AMBAE dengan slogannya (share ideas and imagination), belum memiliki divisi apapun. Masih sebatas group/perkumpulan/gang biasa yang didirikan atas sebuah kebiasaan menyebutkan kata AMBAE dalam setiap pertemuan maupun saat akan meninggalkan sebuah pertemuan. Dalam bahasa kasarnya seperti ini :
    • Salah seorang anggota akan berpamitan setelah mengobrol sejak beberapa saat. Saat akan beranjak pergi, diucapkannya "AMBAE" pada kami yang masih berdiam di tempat tersebut. Lalu kami pun sontak berucap "AMBAE".
    • Demikian halnya bila seseorang dari anggota AMBAE baru tiba dalam pertemuan, maka kami yang menjadi tuan rumah (lebih awal berada pada tempat tersebut) segera berucap "AMBAE". Lalu oleh teman yang baru tiba membalasnya dengan ucapan sama yakni "AMBAE".
    Kini telah dibagi ke dalam berbagai divisi dengan slogan dan layanannya, secara berurut berdasarkan lahirnya masing-masing, yakni :

    (Computer Application, Maintenance and Supplies)
    berupa layanan Service, Warnet, Hotspot, Pengadaan, Pengetikan, Pemeliharaan, Network, etc. Intinya bergerak pada bidang IT

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-3
    (Art & Graphic Design)
    berupa layanan Baliho, Spanduk, Banner, Leaflet, Buku, Brosur, etc. Intinya bergerak pada bidang Desain
    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-4
    (Network and Cellular)
    berupa layanan Handphone, Pulsa, SIM Card, GSM/CDMA Modem, Accessories, etc. Intinya bergerak pada bidang Seluler

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-5
    (Service & Supplies Automotive)
    berupa layanan Service, Bengkel, Las, Duco, Derek, Pemeliharaan, Pengadaan, etc. Intinya bergerak pada bidang Otomotif

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-6
    (Shoutcast & Radio Online)
    berupa layanan Radio Online/Streaming, Listening Music, ON AIR, etc. Intinya bergerak pada bidang Radio dan Musik

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-7
    (Share of Music)
    berupa layanan Band, Music Studio, Record, Mixing a Song on Live Concert, etc. Intinya bergerak pada bidang Musik/Band/Record

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-8
    Berikutnya divisi lainnya dalam tahap persiapan, salah satunya adalah Ambae.kids yang nantinya bergerak pada bidang anak-anak. Dalam hal ini Ambae.exe menyediakan kebutuhan berupa barang/perlengkapan anak. Termasuk di dalamnya jasa dan sebagainya. Semoga kesemuanya itu dapat terealisasi dengan baik dan cepat sesuai harapan AMBAE.

    Ambae.exe adalah sebuah nama perusahaan kecil-kecilan yang bergerak di bdang Information Technology (IT), sasarannya sesuai dengan slogannya yakni Computer Application, Maintenace and Supplies. Nama Ambae.exe diambil dari sebuah kebiasaan orang Makassar dalam mengajak orang atau pun sebagai salam pembuka dan salam penutup , baik di saat akan bertemu maupun di saat akan menyudahi pertemuan tertentu. Jadi "AMBAE" sama artinya dengan "AYO/MARI/SILAKAN IKUT/COME ON/PUNTEN/PERMISI/TABE'/MAEKI/MAIKI/AYOLAH". Sementara kata ".exe" menjadi dasar yang mencirikan Ambae sesuai bidagnya pada IT. Maksudnya ".exe" adalah salah satu ekstensi file dalam sistem komputer yang diartikan sebagai sebuah "APLIKASI/PROGRAM/SOFTWARE atau apapun namanya".

    Perihal bahasa pondasi dari kata AMBAE itu sendiri, dapat Anda simak dan pelajari lalu membudayakannya ke dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Bilamana butuh bantuan menerjemahkan bahasa yang digunakan, silakan download Kamus Makassar-Indonesia versi Ambae.exe pada salah satu gubuknya di dunia maya yang luas ini.

    Melirik ekstensi ".exe" yang melekat pada Ambae.exe, masih banyak kalangan yang menganggap bahwa Ambae.exe itu sebuah virus. Namun, pada dasarnya tidaklah demikian bilamana sobat Netter sekalian telah mengetahui arti dan maknanya dengan baik dan jelas. Alhasil AMBAE tidak merasa terganggu dengan perihal itu yang ditujukan kepada Ambae.exe. Bahkan AMBAE merasa beruntung karena Ambae.exe mampu menjangkiti banyak User baik di dunia maya maupun di dunia nyata untuk mau dan selalu berteman dengan AMBAE dengan segenap divisi, layanan dan crew yang ada di dalamnya. Mengingat Ambae.exe bukanlah sebuah virus/worm atau semacamnya yang biasa menjangkiti komputer, maka kiranya tidak Antivirus yang bisa membasminya, Amin Ya Rabbal Alamin.

    Lalu bertanyalah seorang teman kepada crew Ambae.oto, AMBAE itu yang mana sih...??? Dan Ambae.oto itu seperti apa...??? Ibarat keluarga, AMBAE adalah kepala rumah tangganya yang dalam sebuah perusahaan besar dianggap sebagai induk perusahaan itu sendiri. Sedangkan Ambae.oto bersama dengan divisi lainnya sebagai anak perusahaan dari AMBAE. Tapi kenapa Ambae.exe yang paling aktif di dunia maya...??? Because, sebab dan karena Ambae.exe yang pertama muncul di dalam network AMBAE. Dan Ambae.exe pula yang khusus bergerak di bidang IT. Maka sudah barang tentu, Ambae.exe banyak bersentuhan dunia maya, demikian diuraikan dengan singkat dan jelas oleh crew Ambae.oto. Kemudian berlanjut lagi pertanyaannya, appa maksud 16+16=30. AMBAE lahir dan didirikan sejak 16 tahun silam pada tanggal 16 Agustus 1995. Bila kita berhitung, maka usianya saat ini telah mencapai 16 tahun. Angka 30 menjelaskan bahwa pendiri dari AMBAE telah genap berusia 30 tahun saat ini. Jadi sekarang sudah paham kan...??? Amat jelas dan bisa dipahami, tuturnya dengan muka berseri-seri.

    Sobat Netter yang ingin mengetahui lebih jauh tentang AMBAE dan kroni-kroninya, kiranya dapat mengetahuinya di dunia maya (Google, Yahoo!, Blog, Facebook, Panoramio, Flickr, Kaskus, Picasa, Multiply, MySpace, 12frenz, Friendster, etc). Baik melalui channel Blog maupun Social Network yang lagi digandrungi semua orang. Keterbatasan yang ada di Blog, dicurahkannya lewat Facebook. Sebaliknya, keterbatasan di Facebook dicurahkannya lewat Blog. Demikian halnya dengan keterbatasan pada keduanya. Semisal, peta yang menunjukkan titik koordinat AMBAE dapat dilihat melalui Citra Satelit milik mbah GOOGLE. Anda bingung...??? bertanyalah pada Google dengan keyword "Ambae.exe"

    16+16=30 at Ramadhan 1432H-9
    Kunjungi kami bila berkenan datang ke tempat kami yang amat sederhana dan jauh di bawah standar. Namun, bila berkenan silakan datang ke tempat kami yang berlokasi di Jl. T. A. Gani IV Lr. 4 No. 12 Bantaeng. Jangan uji kami dengan segala apapun yang ada karena kami tidak lebih baik dari Anda sekalian. Berbagi menjadi prinsip utama AMBAE. Berbagi ide dan imajinasi serta apapun itu. Dengan harapan bermanfaat untuk semua pihak tanpa ada kepentingaan sesaat di dalamnya.

    Salam Blogger, AMBAE.

              A Blast of Bradbury Past        

    I often check out Internet TV before I fall asleep, but the other night I stumbled across a show from 1963 that woke me right up. The show was “Story of a Writer,” a half-hour episode starring famed author Ray Bradbury. 

    This slice of history was better than cupcakes in bed, because not only did it feature a peek at Bradbury in his prime, it’s also a fascinating look at the successful writing life 50 years ago. First, the Bradbury fun.  The episode tried very hard to make Bradbury seem normal, right down to performing magic tricks for the kids. That veneer starts to curl up at the edges when he admits a fear of automobiles, and when he brings his latest short story to his critique group. I have to admit, though, the other man in the group must have had balls of titanium to sit there and tell Bradbury his story was too downbeat, and the death stare Bradbury shot him could have Force-choked Vader himself.

    To me, the other star of the show was simply the history.  If Gollum had been a bookworm instead of a jewelry fanatic, he would have wet himself over Bradbury’s home office, packed with books and file cabinets in a dimly lit basement.  The basement has that isolated writerly feel which comes from the pre-Internet years of hoarding research materials and not worrying how the place would look on Skype video chat. It made me remember how the writing business was when I first started sending out poems as a teen in the 1980s, all paper and folders and months or years of waiting. I admit I felt a slight touch of nostalgia when I think back to how much things have changed. Only for a few seconds, though, until I check my e-mail or complete an article assignment without ever having printed out a single page.

    Throughout the show, Bradbury worked on a short story called “Dial Double Zero,” ultimately ignoring his critique partners and sending the story off via snail mail to his agent. Yes, he had an agent for short stories, one of two agents for his work. Ah, the magical Sixties. We also get a peek at his other office in Beverly Hills, which looks far less like a twisted Hobbit’s lair than his home office. Perhaps my favorite part, though, is when Bradbury answers questions from young writers during a lecture. Bradbury talks to them about passion and dedication, but what’s the one question every one of them wants answered? How much money they can expect to rake in from writing.

    Some things never change.

    The episode, “Story of a Writer” by David L. Wolper, can be viewed and downloaded at the Internet Archive. If you’re a writer or a science fiction fan, grab it and enjoy the time warp.

              Three More Free Gifts for Writers        

    Last year I received great feedback with my Free Gifts for Writers post, so I’m doing it again, with three different ideas.

    Let’s face it, money is still tight for a lot of people, especially those whose job description includes the words “starving artist.” Before you grab the glue and spray-paint and turn a few blocks of ramen into bookends, try these suggestions. All of them are guaranteed to draw fewer bugs than glitter-soaked noodles.

    Goalbook or Planner

    No matter what the genre, writers live and die by the deadline. Make 2012 easier by creating a planner to keep your writer organized. (Hint: if you have kids, this is a great family activity.)

    Dig up a 3-ring binder, a hole-punch and some card stock or construction paper for dividers. Print out a calendar for each month or go all the way and print out every week. (Microsoft Publisher will print calendars, and there are tons of free, personal-use calendars on the Net.) Also print out several blank pages with headings like “Goals”, “To-Do” and “Ideas”. Make sure each month has plenty of space to scribble notes, and separate each monthly section with the card stock. Include quotes from his or her favorite authors or other motivational sayings. Decorate accordingly. Just takes a couple of hours and some creativity to make your writer weep like a Barbara Walters interviewee.


    I have a lot of friends who are e-book authors, so let me put this out there: if you can buy an e-book or two (many cost less than three bucks) then please do so. If that’s out of the budget, welcome to the world of free e-books. Project Gutenberg has always been my go-to for great, zero-cash reads because you can find so many irresistible and esoteric books besides the classics everyone claims they read in school. Feedbooks and Smashwords are also great resources, and I’ve found a few new fave authors through them.

    Don’t have a smartphone, e-reader or tablet? No worries. You can download books in a variety of formats at Gutenberg and make a file folder on the computer for your giftee. Amazon, Kobo and B&N also offer freebies if you have their particular reader software. Remember, stay legit with your downloading, because good karma is the gift that keeps on giving.

    Office Party

    Working from home is wonderful, because the dress code runs from casual (Scooby Doo PJs) to extra summer casual (powdering your butt so you don’t stick to the chair). There is one thing writers miss out on, though, and that is the office party. Throw a tiny shindig by your writer’s desk. Bake some cookies, put up a few decorations. Let your writer talk all he or she wants about work: editors, publishers, magazines, etc., and don’t tune it out. Invite a couple of friends or family members over if you want, but it’s more fun when it’s intimate. Keeping it to yourselves also avoids those nasty “crazy people” rumors, too. You’ll be surprised how much it will perk up a writer’s spirits just to talk, laugh and have their own little holiday ritual.

    Photo credit: Flickr.com/TMAB2003

              Biologists Still Searching For Answers In Bald Eagle Deaths and other wildlife health news stories        

    Fish-Eating Ducks Hard Hit By Severe Winter, Ice

    The Niagara River corridor from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario is renowned as a spectacular winter haven for hundreds of thousands of water birds. But this year's bitterly cold season has made it notable for something else: dead ducks.

    Biologists say carcasses began piling up by the hundreds in early January after the plunging temperatures started icing over nearly the entire Great Lakes, preventing the ducks from getting to the minnows that are their main source of food. Necropsies on dozens of birds have confirmed the cause: starvation. "All have empty stomachs. They're half the weight they should be," said Connie Adams, a biologist in the state Department of Environmental Conservation's Buffalo office who has personally seen 950 dead birds.

    "This is unprecedented. Biologists who've worked here for 35 years have never seen anything like this," she said. "We've seen a decline in tens of thousands in our weekly waterfowl counts." It's a phenomenon that has been seen elsewhere along the Great Lakes, with news reports of diving ducks and other waterfowl turning up dead by the hundreds along the southern part of Lake Michigan. They've also been found in Lake St. Clair between Lakes Erie and Huron.

    ... Necropsies and toxicity analyses showed many of the Michigan ducks were subsisting on invasive zebra mussels, which caused the birds to have potentially toxic levels of selenium in their bodies, Mason said. Zebra mussels filter toxins from the water and pass them up the food chain.

    Most of the dead ducks seen in the upstate New York are red-breasted mergansers, which breed in northern Canada and Alaska and come south for the winter to the Great Lakes region. In most years, there are periods of freezing and thawing, providing enough breaks in the ice for them to dive for minnows.

    Monroe News
    15 Mar 2014
    Location: Canada


    Experimental infection of house sparrows (Passer domesticus) with West Nile virus isolates of Euro-Mediterranean and North American origins

    ...North American WNV outbreaks are often accompanied by high mortality in wild birds, a feature that is uncommon in Europe. The reason for this difference is unknown, but the intrinsic virulence of the viruses circulating in each continent and/or the susceptibility to the disease of Palearctic as opposed to Nearctic wild bird species could play a role.

    To assess this question, experimental inoculations with four lineage 1 WNV strains, three from southern Europe (Italy/2008, Italy/2009 and Spain/2007) and one from North America (NY99) were performed on house sparrows (Passer domesticus), a wild passerine common in both continents. Non-significant differences which ranged from 0% to 25% were observed in mortality for the different WNV strains.

    ... Consequently, albeit being pathogenic for house sparrows, some Euro-Mediterranean strains had reduced capacity for replication in -and transmission from- this host, as compared to the NY99 strain. If applicable also to other wild bird host species, this relatively reduced transmission capacity of the Euro-Mediterranean strains could explain the lower incidence of this disease in wild birds in the Euro-Mediterranean area.

    7th Space
    19 Mar 2014

    Cited Journal Article
    Javier Del Amo et al. Experimental infection of house sparrows (Passer domesticus) with West Nile virus isolates of Euro-Mediterranean and North American origins. Veterinary Research. 2014; 45:33. doi:10.1186/1297-9716-45-33

    Avian Botulism

    Deer Health News
    One Health News Corner
    Huh?! That's Interesting!

              Wildlife Disease Journal Digest        

    Browse complete Digest publication library here

    Lead in Ammunition: A Persistent Threat to Health and Conservation
    EcoHealth. 2014; [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.1007/s10393-013-0896-5
    C. K. Johnson, T. R. Kelly, B. A. Rideout
    [Courtesy of a fellow Digest reader!]

    River otters as biomonitors for organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, and PBDEs in Illinois
    Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2014 Feb; 100: 99–104
    Samantha K Carpenter et al.
    [Another great article shared by a member. Digest readers are the best!]

    A case of chronic wasting disease in a captive red deer (Cervus elaphus)
    Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 2013 Sep; 25(5):573-576. doi:10.1177/1040638713499914
    Marc D. Schwabenlander et al.

    A survey of fish viruses isolated from wild marine fishes from the coastal waters of southern Korea
    Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 2013 Nov; 25(6): 750-755. doi:10.1177/1040638713504755
    Wi-Sik Kim et al.

    Influenza A virus infections in marine mammals and terrestrial carnivores
    Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2013 Nov-Dec;126(11-12):500-8.
    Harder TC et al.

    Disease and Predation: Sorting out Causes of a Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Decline
    PLoS One. 2014 Feb 7;9(2):e88271. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088271. eCollection 2014.
    Smith JB et al.

    Network Analysis of Translocated Takahe Populations to Identify Disease Surveillance Targets
    Conserv Biol. 2014 Feb 11. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12178. [Epub ahead of print]
    Grange ZL, VAN Andel M, French NP, Gartrell BD.

    Perfluorinated compounds: emerging POPs with potential immunotoxicity
    Toxicol Lett. 2014 Feb 3. pii: S0378-4274(14)00058-7. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2014.01.038. [Epub ahead of print]
    Corsini E et al.

    Frequent and seasonally variable sublethal anthrax infections are accompanied by short-lived immunity in an endemic system
    J Anim Ecol. 2014 Feb 5. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12207. [Epub ahead of print]
    Cizauskas CA, Bellan SE, Turner WC, Vance RE, Getz WM.

    Do-or-die life cycles and diverse post-infection resistance mechanisms limit the evolution of parasite host ranges
    Ecology Letters. 2013; [Epub ahead of print 2014 Feb 04]. DOI:10.1111/ele.12249
    Michael Sieber and Ivana Gudelj

    A need for One Health approach - lessons learned from outbreaks of Rift Valley fever in Saudi Arabia and Sudan
    Infection Ecology and Epidemiology. 2014; 4: 20710. doi: 10.3402/iee.v4.20710
    Osama Ahmed Hassan, Clas Ahlm, Magnus Evander

    Monitoring diseases in garden wildlife [No online abstract]
    Vet Rec. 2014 Feb 1;174(5):126. doi: 10.1136/vr.g1295.
    Cunningham AA, Lawson B, Hopkins T, Toms M, Wormald K, Peck K.

    Community change and evidence for variable warm-water temperature adaptation of corals in Northern Male Atoll, Maldives
    Mar Pollut Bull. 2014 Jan 30. pii: S0025-326X(14)00036-8. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.01.035. [Epub ahead of print]
    McClanahan TR and Muthiga NA

    Identifying future zoonotic disease threats: Where are the gaps in our understanding of primate infectious diseases?
    Evol Med Public Health. 2013 Jan;2013(1):27-36. doi: 10.1093/emph/eot001. Epub 2013 Jan 22.
    Cooper N and Nunn CL.

              The Covenant Presence Retracted, Part 3        
    A new MP3 sermon from Bethel Presbyterian Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:

    Title: The Covenant Presence Retracted, Part 3
    Subtitle: Ezekiel
    Speaker: Greg Thurston
    Broadcaster: Bethel Presbyterian Church
    Event: Sunday - AM
    Date: 5/28/2017
    Bible: Ezekiel 5-11
    Length: 56 min. (64kbps)

    Overview: In the present age, sin is described as a -passing pleasure,- Heb. 11-25. Yet in the age to come, when the non-Christian is left to reap the wages of his sin in full, that state is a horrible place where, -...their worm does not die, and the fire is not quenched,- Mk. 9-48. So what-s the difference- What is it about this current age that makes sin pleasurable- The Presence of God-s grace -cf. Rom. 2-4------In the case of the Christian, how ought God to respond when one of His children holds a cavalier attitude toward sin- One who knows -the wages of sin- and yet thinks nothing of indulging in it- We would expect nothing less than God lifting His grace and allowing the sinning Christian to get a fuller taste of his sin -cf. Judges 10-13- Ps. 81-11-12- 2 Chron. 24-20--
              To Enter Blog Heaven, read THIS ~~~        

    Amazing how things come about for us, isn’t it?  If I hadn’t met Diana (Nana Diana Takes a Break), I never would have found out about my “no-reply” status and all the wonders it could open for me if I fixed that problem.  See, Diana kept telling me but I couldn’t understand what she meant.  I saw for myself that there was always a reply button under where I’d just posted a comment to someone on their page, so thought she must not be seeing that.  Ha.  Had nothing to do with “no-reply” at all.  Not even a smidgeon.

    Then, last week, I left a bunch of replies on my own page, under the replies that others had left.  Bling…the light went off in my head, and so on Toodie-Nancy’s I also added that I wondered if she’d see it when she looked at her comments.  Ahhhh, by luck, she went back to my page and saw my question to her, and noooo, she had not gotten any notification that a comment on a comment was left.  Now it was coming together in my head what Diana was talking about and I realized that for years and years, I’d gone back to someone’s page to see if they’d replied to a comment I’d left for them.  Wow, talk about work, but it was the only way to tell.  I’ll bet you anything that you, too, have been going back to someone’s page to see if anything additional was said to you on ‘their’ page.

    Wait until you see this fix!  EASY and it is the greatest thing since sliced bread!

    First, let me say that when my emails were coming in and showing replies to my page, that was good in itself because we didn’t used to have that so many years ago.  But today, after fixing my own setting (you’ll see) from Diana prodding me along and giving such fabulous advice and the most perfect link in the world, I looked at my emails and hovered over your email addresses.  Guess what I saw --- most everyone (not Sally) was a “no-reply” blogger!   That meant you could see the comments left on your page, but you still had to go back to theirs to see if they’d left a comment to you THERE rather than on your own page.  So I fixed what needed to be fixed and tried it out and WHAM! Perfection!

    Now, here it comes.  When you fix this setting, you will be able to comment in your emails that arrive and then continue to do that even after they leave something to you on their own page.  It’s just like emailing back and forth and all stemming from the initial comment.  Oh my gosh, it is SO wonderful!  Here is the link.  Read it very, very carefully, because the fix is a different step if you use Google Plus as opposed to regular old blogger like I use.  IF you are on old blogger, do NOT change to Plus because it will mess up all the settings you now have.  Just follow the instructions.  Diana was adamant about that, so believe her.


    Since I’m old style blogger, here’s what I did, and it was per the instructions. In that link, just a little ways down, it said “Here’s how to fix it: Go to your edit profile page…click HERE to get there quickly…”  and that’s where I clicked.  I was now on the correct page to fix.  I ticked “show my email”, then clicked save at the bottom, and it was done.

    Now when anyone leaves comments, you’ll see them in email, can comment back to them by replying in email, and so on.  What a breath of fresh air!  Diana and I tried it back and forth a few times and it works like a charm. 

    Bet you love that sliced bread now!  I sure do, and I adore Diana!


    (The only drawback I can see is that after the initial comment, you will not see the subsequent 'replies on replies' from the other (same) blogger on your page. You always see the first reply, just not the running commentary between the 2 of you. Sometimes it's nice to see a running commentary because it makes others think and then they, too, get in the conversation, but boyyyyy, the work of going back and forth between pages, you know?  And besides, it doesn’t stop you from going back to someone’s page and posting openly at all. It’s like 2 gifts in 1.)


    Small update:

    nookworm is no-reply
    Cindy at bird bath and beyond is no-reply
    Carole at Ramblingon is no-reply
    Joe at Joe and Co is no-reply
    Toodie-Nancy is working on it, lol,

    …and Sally at Whispering Hope DOES have reply, so if her emails are dwindling, it’s because her commenters need to fix their settings.

              Sounds like summer: our writers pick their songs of the season        

    As 2017’s contenders battle to see who will monopolize summer stereos, which tracks have already earwormed their way into the heads of Guardian critics?

    Continue reading...
              Chris Blattman on Chickens, Cash, and Development Economics        

    poverty%20chickens.jpg Chris Blattman of the University of Chicago talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about whether it's better to give poor Africans cash or chickens and the role of experiments in helping us figure out the answer. Along the way he discusses the importance of growth vs. smaller interventions and the state of development economics.

    Size:29.2 MB
    Right-click or Option-click, and select "Save Link/Target As MP3.

    Readings and Links related to this podcast episode

    Related Readings
    This week's guest: This week's focus: Additional ideas and people mentioned in this podcast episode: A few more readings and background resources: A few more EconTalk podcast episodes:


    Podcast Episode Highlights

    Intro. [Recording date: June 12, 2017.]

    Russ Roberts: Today's episode is a little strange. It starts with the fact that a while back you wrote--not so long ago--you wrote an open letter to Bill Gates, a very wealthy man, reacting to his idea of giving poor people chickens--poor people in Africa--as a way to escape poverty. That open letter of yours to Bill Gates prompted a response from Lant Pritchett. And so, I interviewed Lant about the topic of how do we help the poor. And inevitably some of your arguments and points came into the conversation. So, I want to get your side of the story today on some of those issues and more broadly and more generally on how we should think about development. Let's start with Bill Gates's original idea. What was he suggesting, and how did you respond to it?

    Chris Blattman: So, Gates and the Gates Foundation have a lot of big ideas; and this includes driving down financial transaction costs and tackling serious diseases. And generally terrific programs. One idea that Bill Gates has floated a few times in the last year is the idea that chickens are the future for Africa: basically, that they are very poor people who don't have a lot of income, and they are basically scrounging around a subsistence [?]. And, if we could give them chickens, they they'd be able to raise them. They could eat them, of course. But more importantly, they could sell them or they could sell the eggs, and make some extra money. And, this would make them much less poor: maybe they earned $2/day; maybe now they'll earn $4/day. Who really knows? And he called this one of the best investments we could make. Which is probably true to some extent, except what was unusual about his idea is that he envisioned perhaps 30% of Africans. So, this would be 300 million people raising these chickens rather than the existing number, which is maybe 5% of Africans--so, maybe 15 million people, for argument's sake.

    Russ Roberts: And, you wrote this open letter. What did you say in that letter?

    Chris Blattman: Well, I mean, so, you know, we share a common premise is that one of the reasons people are very poor is that they don't have the opportunity to engage in business: that it's actually not so hard for a lot of people to go from earning $1 a day to earning $2 a day or $2-$4 a day, or $5-$10 a day by starting up a small enterprise; and that the main thing stopping them from doing this is they don't have any capital. If they had capital, they wouldn't be poor. So, they don't have a lot of cash; they don't have a lot of assets; they don't have productive assets. And that could be tools, it could be buildings to build things in; that could be the raw materials, and the skills to build these things. It could be animals. A cow is an asset, or a form of capital; a chicken, or a bunch of chickens is. So, they don't have these things; and they generally don't have access to borrowing. And so, if they get access to capital, you often see people leap ahead and start businesses. So, I think we share this idea. And chickens probably aren't a bad--they aren't a terrible investment. I guess I--before Bill Gates, who is one of the most influential people in development--writes influential development letters--I think it's important to try to correct some possible problems. One is that it's not clear that anyone's going to actually make money if you suddenly go from 15 million to 300 million Africans producing--I think I've actually got my numbers wrong, actually: I'm not doing division and multiplication in my head.

    Russ Roberts: It doesn't matter. It's a big [?] increase. And we're pretty sure that--

    Chris Blattman: Yeah, 33%--a third of Africa.

    Russ Roberts: That could affect the price of eggs. You know. Hypothetically.

    Chris Blattman: Yeah. You know. I was surprised he made this argument because he's a very smart guy and he understands economics. So, this isn't a crazy idea: If a third of Africans start producing chickens and eggs, that the price of chickens and eggs are going to fall pretty fast. And there's probably limits to how many chickens and eggs people can eat. So, that's--it just struck me as an odd idea. And if it was some other organization saying, 'We're going to do this,' then I sort of roll my eyes. But when Bill Gates says he's going to do it, there's a good chance he's really going to try, and maybe succeed. So, it's not the best--not everyone should invest in the same thing. And then, of all the things people could invest in, it's not clear to me--and I think there's a lot of evidence pointing to the idea that: Chickens are a fine investment. But they are not necessarily a great investment. And so, why were folks [?] on giving people chickens? I don't know.


    Russ Roberts: But, I thought your real point was: If we gave them money, they'd be free to buy chickens if they wanted; or they could buy a piece of a cow [i.e., a share of a jointly-owned cow--Econlib Ed.]; or they could buy a hammer; or they could buy access to electricity--or whatever it is. And presumably, people have a pretty good idea of what they need relative to what you think they need. And, chickens just obviously--to me--we're going to get more deeply into the economics of this--but it's obvious that chickens is the wrong answer. Whatever the virtues of chickens are, it can't be the case that giving 300 million something is--it's going to be better to give them money. I'm pretty confident about that. Now, you could argue that if you give them money they are going to use it on gambling, or drinking, or partying, or whatever you think is the wrong use of the money; but, 'They can sell the chicken, come on! They can convert it into money.' So, this romance, I think, 'Chickens are the key to the future,' like plastics are in the movie, The Graduate--it's just--or computers in 1978--it does seem a bit naive for someone who is clearly not a naive person. You could think of it as symbolic. But I think your point was: We've had these debates--which is what I think we talked about in a previous episode about different ways to help people with small amounts. Obviously, if you give them 1000 chickens--one person a thousand chickens, and one person a thousand of something else, and another person a thousand of something else, maybe it would really change their lives. But if we're going to give micro-amounts, like 5 chickens, or 1 chicken, cash might be even better. And you and I are both kind of fans of cash. There are problems with cash. That's a different episode. That's not what we're talking about today. We all understand that cash has drawbacks, too. But, I think you proposed--what was interesting about your response to Gates was: 'Let's have a horse race,' to add another animal to the metaphor mix. 'Let's see whether chickens outperform cash.' Right? Wasn't that the thrust of your point?

    Chris Blattman: Yeah. And the reason is, is because it may be like a deeper point. It's not about whether--there's lots of reasons cash could be better than chickens, and for the reasons you've just mentioned; and there's some risks, as well. Those are all--and we don't have to talk about--I think generally the picture looks pretty good for cash, and we don't have to talk about the details today. But, the deeper point is the problem with a lot of programs--given that we're already giving--a lot of aid is donor agencies and governments giving very poor people stuff. It's giving them skills-training. It's giving them chickens. It's giving them cash. It's giving them other forms of capital. It's giving them productive assets. Right? And I'm excluding all the stuff that's about public goods, and water, and health--these are huge and they are important. And we're going to set them aside because they are just a different kind of thing. A lot of assistance is giving poor people stuff to either eat or to turn into something they can eat. Meaning, they can start a small business with it. And that's what the training and the cows and the [?] and some of the cash are mainly for. So, the problem with most of these programs is everyone thinks about the numerator: What's the impact of this program? And nobody thinks about the denominator, which is: What's the cost of providing this program? And then, we sort of divide that to get some sort of return. And when we compare those things, if you ignore the fact that some of these programs are dramatically more costly than others to deliver, then even if one is more effective in terms of its impact, in terms of how big a business someone can grow, if it's also 10 times as costly, that's a problem. And this is the problem with chickens, in some sense, is: Somebody has to go and buy the chickens; and then deliver them to the people. Or, somebody has to go and hire a trainer and bring them to the village, to train people in whatever it is you want to train. Maybe it's raising chickens--this is often a big part of these chicken programs. But maybe it's something that's standalone, like how to start a business. Or something. So, this is a problem, because those people--all that labor and all that transport is really, really, really expensive. And these people are often in remote areas. They are very poor. Even if they are in an urban area and not that remote, they are earning so little that giving some reasonably middle-class person in that country to go off and buy the chickens and then deliver them, or deliver the training, or even get the training to go and deliver the chicken, is so costly that it totally outweighs any potential benefits that--maybe not totally, but it grossly outweighs a lot of the benefits. Such that, some of these programs--the studies that have looked at chickens and giving people chickens and cows and goats randomly pay off, but it takes something like 15 or 20 years before they cover the costs. Basically, the impact is as much as the program costs. And that's a lot.


    Russ Roberts: But I also thought your main--and that's a great point. Those are great point. And they raise a separate issue we may come back to, which is: 'Hey, I know what you need. Here.' I alluded to that earlier. It's like, 'You need to learn how to make butter. Here, let me teach you. I'll give you some butter machinery.' There's a certain lack of appreciation for knowledge and how hard it is to understand how to impact a person's life, and the material versus spiritual, and [?]--

    Chris Blattman: Well, one of the other things that's going on--I have a lot of friends in these organizations. My wife works for an international rescue committee. I've spent a lot of time working with these organizations. And one of the--if you put yourself in their shoes--first of all, you don't always know. And the thing is that you've seen a lot of programs where people get chickens without the training--because that seemed like a good idea. Or they just get cash. Like, you see a lot of examples where people fail. You don't know if everyone fails. You don't know how many people succeed. You know a lot of people fail. And we know this is true. Like, the big cash experiments I've done, others have done--at least half the people don't really move ahead as a result of this cash. They start a small enterprise and it fails. This is what business is. And that's hard to--you don't know if on balance people are succeeding or failing, especially when you just give them cash. At least with the chickens you can see something there. And you are really hesitant to let people fail. So, you want to do, you want to invest as much as possible in people to minimize the risk of failure, because they are in your circle. You see them, you care about them, you are responsible, you've done something to their lives and in some ways you are responsible. And you have the ability to continue to help them. And you don't see all these other people you are not helping. So, doubling or tripling or quadrupling or even further increasing the cost of a program--not to make them dramatically more successful but just to reduce their costs of failure--is really natural human instinct. Some people would say that's their responsibility; you could make a moral argument that that's appropriate. But I think that's what drives this cost up. So, it's easy for me to sort of, from afar, say, 'Well, I don't know any of these people. They are all strangers to me, and I'd rather see more people helped for less; and if some fail, that's going to happen anyways,' rather than just investing in a small number of people and trying to keep them from failing. But, if I were in their position--certainly when I raise my children I don't take that approach. And that's another extreme example, right? So, you know, I'm sympathetic. But as a small NGO--a small Non-Governmental Organization--you can afford to make your own moral choice about whether you help a lot of people a little bit and let them fail sometimes, or if you help just a few people and really foster them through. But if you are the U.S. Government Aid agency, or you are the Ugandan Bureau of blah-blah-blah that's in charge of this, in some sense you don't get to make that choice. In some sense, your responsibility, I think, is to help the most people.

    Russ Roberts: But I also thought you are making a methodological point with Gates which is really interesting, which is: Well, maybe it will have a good impact; maybe it won't. Obviously if you sat down, if you and I had 30 minutes with Mr. Gates we'd say, 'Gee, 300 million is a big increase. Maybe that's going to have an unexpected effect on--you wouldn't want to generalize from the 5% who have chickens now to the 30% you'd like to have them.' And he'd nod, say that's a good point. But I think you are trying to say, 'Let's try to actually measure this. Let's try to actually see--let's learn something. Before we launch this enormous, grandiose experiment, let's do a pre-experiment where we try to see which is better. And we'd learn so much that we would be able to help people much more down the road, not just with your venture.' Is that a fair summary?

    Chris Blattman: Yeah. This is actually--I make [?] this point sort of in general: If I go to--pick a country--if I go to Uganda or like Uruguay[?] or Colombia which are all places where I spend a lot of time or have spent a lot of time, you'll see that the government or the World Bank or somebody saying, 'All right, we have this $5 million, or $100 million, or $500 million dollar program that we're going to roll out over the next 5 years; and we've written the program manual and we [?] spend all that money doing x.' And x is quite specific. It might be like chickens. It might be job training. And then they just launch into it. And inevitably it fails, because, what are the chances that you ever get that formula right from the outset when you implement it? And so, 2 or 3 years in they redesign and they start figuring it out; and, they don't have a lot of sense of what's going on. Maybe then they run some evaluations or they turn to more of the evidence. And let's say they get a slightly better program for the last half of that 5-year program. Then, that's a lot of money wasted. And if it's a credit to that country, meaning it's a loan to that country, then some future taxpayer of that country has to pay that back. Which seems kind of tragic. Or it has to be forgiven--some future taxpayer of this country has to pay that back. And that just was all money that--you know, that could have been averted. And I, so every time I'm there, I'm saying, 'Listen, instead of doing this, I'm saying: Why don't you do 5 or 10 things on a small scale for the first year? You have to scale up, you have to get moving. I understand the political pressure. So get moving; but why don't you just try 5 or 10 things? And maybe you then really rigorously study what you're going to do?' That would be fine. Sometimes we should do that. But even if you don't, it will probably be obvious which of those 5 or 10 things seems to be more successful than the others. Certainly the ones that are failures will be more obvious. And then you'll know with more precision, if you invest some money in studying it. So, as a general principle, this is just something that's not done with aid--the sort of trial and error and with some rigorous testing. And we've managed in the last 10 years to introduce the idea of randomized testing with randomized trials without introducing this idea of trial and error and moving ahead and trying many ideas. And that's a problem. I would like to see both. So, that's kind of what I'm saying--this is just another case. Instead of just scaling up your crazily specific program that's only been a little bit tested, why don't you try a few different things and then push ahead with the thing that's most successful? And in this case, I think we've got enough evidence to say, 'Actually, we're doing a lot of this chicken stuff, regardless of what Gates is doing. We're doing a lot of handing out of chickens and cows. And--I don't know if it's $1 billion, or $10 billion, or $100 million dollars a year, but it's somewhere in that range. And if we could spend $10 million dollars just to, like, tweak the direction of that, to sort of kill a bad idea and replace it with a less bad idea'--that's kind of what I want to see. I want to see us rigorously evaluate, like, run a horse race between these different things that we could do, these different varieties, kind of like trial and error but in a structured way. And then just replace the bad things with less-bad things. And thereby make a lot of very, very unfortunate people a bit better off. That's basically it.


    Russ Roberts: So, I have a lot of things to say to that. It's a fantastic summary of, I think, the position you are taking. I just have to mention in passing, though: you said, 'Well, of course it fails.' And I think a lot of people would say, 'How could it fail? You are injecting all this money into these sectors, regions, poor people, whatever. It's got to have some effect--some overwhelmingly good effect. You're putting--you are going to add $100 million into this community?' And it's really, I think, a sobering reality that it often doesn't work very well. So I just want to mention that to the point where you say, 'Well, of course it doesn't work.' But I think most intuitive, everyday people would say it would work, akin to their natural inclination to inject money into the U.S. school system. 'Because the more you spend, the more education you get.' Which of course isn't true. It might be true. But it need not be true. And, if the incentives--

    Chris Blattman: Right. And I would say, even if you are more optimistic--and I think if you put in more input you are going to get more output. You put in more money to the educational system, I think probably you are going to get more education, or better outcomes--not always, you are right. Same with this aid, chickens. The chickens are not going to be a bad idea. They are not going to all fail. It's just: We're putting so much money into this that--not only is someone going to have to pay back in future, but it's such a missed opportunity. Like, it's really desperate to--if you were making $1 or $2 a day, this means like, your child is probably going to--the chance your child dies in infancy or of some disease or that some crisis hits and really terrible things happen to someone in your family is just so high. And that's also true at any level of poverty. And it's just more dire and risky, the poorer you are. So, to sort of callously and irresponsibly, in my mind, not try to use the sort of trial-and-error approach and try to do the right thing, and rather than just have 33% of Africans or something producing chickens--they might be a bit better off, they'd probably be better off. What if--that's such a missed opportunity to really change some people's lives? One of the rare instances where I really think aid can have a big impact. It really is an area where we can be super-effective; and I don't say that about a lot of things. And so, it's such a sad, tragic thing not to do this more responsibly.


    Russ Roberts: Well, I want to challenge the premise that underlies that, even though I'm sympathetic to it and it sounds great. We had on the program a while back, Adam Cifu, author of a very provocative book, co-author of a book, Ending Medical Reversal, where he shows that so many times a study will be done, a cross-sectional, longitudinal study, a statistical analysis of some device or some dietary change, some relationship in epidemiology, is alarming or effective, whatever it is. And people start doing this technique or avoiding this technique. And then, 15 years later, there's an actual randomized control trial where people are put into two different groups: You're not using statistical techniques to try to hold things constant; you are actually using a real experiment, not a pseudo-experiment. And you find out that the original finding doesn't hold up under the randomized control trial. So, this is why--we can call it the gold standard of experimental science. It's what scientists do: They see if things can be replicated; they try to actually test things directly. It's a really nice thing. And, there's a huge--I don't want to call it a fad--a trend, we'll call it a trend--it could be a fad--in Development Economics to do randomized control trials. Which is what you're talking about: Wouldn't it be great, do 5 or 10 experiments to see what works and what doesn't work? But, the problem it seems to me is that unlike epidemiology or medical things where a trial could actually often illuminate what does and doesn't work, it strikes me that in human societies, that's a lot more difficult. So, an example we've mentioned before on the program is deworming. Deworming, a lot of excitement about it because some experiments had showed it to be very effective in helping children--if you took the worms and parasites out of their system, they could sit in school longer, make more money, etc.--have better lives. But, it's not obvious that it scales. It's not obvious that it worked in other villages. It's not obviously--etc. So, isn't [?] part of the problem here--and is this a reality or am I being too skeptical?--that, the kind of knowledge that you would like to produce with those trials in the early stages of a large-scale rollout of a program--they are not necessarily going to be as reliable as a true scientific experiment would be?

    Chris Blattman: Right. Well, yes. So, this is basically right. But the question is--I guess, my argument would be, I guess I think is a pretty basic premise: Through the accumulation of lots and lots of empirical evidence and theoretical thinking and then using that empirical evidence to sort of understand our theory of poverty--why are people poor and what kinds of things make them less poor? The accumulation of lots of evidence from lots of places is how we get a better theory. This is just how it works; and it will be harder than in physics or medicine for exactly the reasons you say. But, there's a big difference here. So, the deworming excitement is coming off of--I don't know if you know this: I worked on this experiment when I was a graduate student. This was like one of my first jobs in development: I ran one of the followup surveys.

    Russ Roberts: I did not know that.

    Chris Blattman: Yeah. So, I ran the 5-year followup survey. So, I spent a lot of time with these kids who got this deworming medicine. It's a very incestuous group, a small, incestuous group, development economics. So, listen: There was one big trial showing big effects, and it was on the shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya, which is the birthplace of humanity, and then not coincidentally the birthplace of human parasites. So, an impact of deworming medicine there is going to be not surprisingly quite impactful; and if you go somewhere else, where you are not on the shores of a parasite-filled lake, then maybe it's going to be different. And that doesn't surprise me. And we don't actually have a lot of trials of deworming medicine elsewhere. And, the other ones haven't been very good, or they haven't been very long term, or they haven't measured economic outcomes and educational outcomes. So, we just don't know. Whereas, when it comes to policy, we have dozens and dozens and dozens and dozens and dozens. So, it's not just randomized control trials but all sorts of evidence. A great book is Poor Economics, by Abhijit Banerjee and Esther Duflo, who sort of pulled together all the descriptive and observational and qualitative, and experimental data. And just a lot of it points to a particular view of poverty--that people have constraints; that from little access to credit and to capital and little access to insurance; and overwhelming evidence that just one of those constraints is relieved, maybe cash, maybe by a chicken, that people leap ahead. That you can make improvements on the margin. And it's not some magic formula. And you can also improve the way financial markets function; and then people get more access to insurance and credit and capital and things. So, it's just a totally different story. And everything I'm saying about both chickens and cash are very consistent with that theory. And now, the randomized trials which I was proposing we do, on large numbers of people and large numbers of countries in different parts of the world, in a way that we could get at what you're saying is sort of getting at the finer details: saying, okay--not knowing if we can make any general statements but, do we see a general pattern across many types of people in many types of places that chickens tend to be lower return than cash? That, people tend to use cash wisely in many places. And then also, very importantly, to figure out what we call the general equilibrium effects. Or the spillover effects. Like, what happens to the whole local economy when you get this giant influx of chickens, or cash? Like it's good? Bad? And it could go either way. We don't really know. So, there's a really different evidence base. And then, the kind of experiment I was proposing, which costs $15 million dollars or some number like that because it's much bigger than anything that's ever been run, is in some sense designed to get around exactly this concern.


    Russ Roberts: So, that's a nice defense. In fact, you are kind of channeling your inner Lant Pritchett there. When you talked about the accumulation of knowledge, he made this similar argument, which I found unpersuasive. But, I find it a little more persuasive in your case. He was talking about general economic theory that's small--any one piece of economic research may not be that informative but it eventually creates this great base of knowledge. And I think that's romanticizing what economic research does, somewhat inaccurately. But let's put that to the side--

    Chris Blattman: Well, if I could just interrupt--one thing is: I don't think that knowledge is accumulated to a consistent understanding of how something works across lots of different areas. I also study--I mean, I'm a professor of global conflict studies. In principle, I spend most of my time studying violence, as well. And, we don't really have a good understanding of what reduces violence. Like the things have not accumulated to a coherent answer. Or if you take the macro study of aid, and whether aid is good or bad, and what its good or bad affects our economics or politics--we don't have a coherent answer. It's sort of cumulated into a mess. That was my--

    Russ Roberts: Yeah, that was my--it's my, it's close to my view.

    Chris Blattman: But there's--but, right. But, other things have turned out--sometimes in certain medical research, and in this case, I think [?] our micro-understanding of poverty turns out, 'Oh, this thing seems to work pretty much similar ways'--you know, we're wrong in lots of details I'm sure. But, more than other things I've understood. And this is why I come on podcasts, you're right, about we should act on this and I don't come on and talk about violence. I don't have a coherent message about what we should do to reduce violence. I don't know that we've accumulated a coherent answer. But, in this case the world works in a simple or straightforward-enough way to have enough evidence, or something about, something the situation is just, I think, points us to more confidence than a lot of other areas. And so, great. And the wonderful thing is it can, like, a lot of people who are in a really, really, really terrible place can benefit from that, in a relatively simple way. This is one of the things that aid does well. Like, just logistically, like just get a lot of stuff out there that seems to work on its own.


    Russ Roberts: This isn't where I thought we'd end up. But let's stay here for a while, because it's so interesting. You are telling me that the aid literature is indecisive--imperfect. Which I think is true. Many people would disagree with you, by the way. I think some people would say, 'Oh, we know exactly what works.' In fact, Lant Pritchett said so: we know it's property rights and free markets and prices. And, while I'm sympathetic to that, I think it actually is more complicated than that. Other people would say, 'We know what works.' Jeffrey Sachs, on the program, 'We just need to give a lot more money. We need to spend it well.' And he thinks he knows how to spend it well. But you are skeptical. Okay. Fine.

    Chris Blattman: Well, you know, but Jeffrey Sachs--if you want to say, like an African nation--how do we help an African nation go from $1500 a head to $3000 a head? That's not necessarily a hard problem. Or, you know, that's a hard problem. But it's a much different problem to say, how does that nation, what could we do as outsiders or what could that government do as insiders to get to $20,--- a head? Some sort of like middle-income status. And then nobody has a good answer to that. So, sometimes they are just talking about different changes. When you are talking about development, they can be talking to different things.

    Russ Roberts: That's a great point. Just what I was going to say, actually. So, what I was going to say is that, if you are telling me that at the micro level, we know that it's good to give people more access to financial markets--the ability to borrow--because they are often financially constrained. Or, we know that if we give them things they will be better off--it's not so interesting, really. But it really comes to what I think is the crux of the matter. Which is, the, what I would call, the real essential point that Pritchett was upset about in that previous episode, which is the following. He is claiming that--and I have mixed feelings about this, but I don't care, it doesn't matter; whatever you have to say--he's claiming that the real problem isn't poor people. It's poor countries. These people are in places with bad economies: Bad government, bad economies. And to put a band aid on their economies with a chicken is the wrong thing to be spending time on. We ought to be spending time on [?] we ought to figure out how to liberate their economy, liberate the skills to cooperate together in a market setting--which is how we know, that's [?] how you get to $20,000. When you get to $20,000, you've got to have a vibrant labor market. You've got to have a vibrant skills market. You've got to have people trade and exchange with each other within a country and outside of a country. And, we know all that already. And so that's what we ought to be spending our time on, not whether 5 chickens are going to improve somebody's life. Of course they would. They'd improve mine, too. I'd eat them. I like chicken. My wife, she's a vegetarian, but she'd be happy to see me happy. We know all that. So, what's the--what is the defense of the approach that you are suggesting of these micro-experiments to get people truly out of poverty? We understand--what you're saying is all true. It's not important.

    Chris Blattman: So, you know, these things aren't in complete contradiction. So, if you want to make--I think Lant's larger--he's got two big points. Lant--I think I've mentioned to you in the past--Lant is, I mean, Lant was one of my first teachers in Development, and still remains sort of one of my idols in Development. And everything of his I can read, I do read, because I think he's got--you know, he has a really, he says a lot of original things and he has his finger on the pulse of these things. And he's made two points here that I think are true. One is that the Development community at large has tended to focus on sort of this weird, extreme form of poverty rather than just thinking of other people who are vey poor instead of extremely poor. So, there's this artificial threshold of $1, $2 a day that distorts a lot of policy. That's fine; I agree with that; and a lot of things--all the chickens and cash stuff I'm talking about, you can ignore that concern. You could say, 'Well, I think the chickens and cash could help someone who is extremely poor and very poor and just a little bit poor.' All these people have limited access to capital. I think that's what we would, what we are learning from the evidence, what we would learn from my experiment. His bigger point is that there is maybe a misallocation of time and policy in academia: That, a lot of people are just focused on the small stuff; that there are these bright, shiny [?]s that come along; it's very appealing to get an answer that a lot of people--there's all this data and computer technology that lets us do, answer a lot of small questions while [?]--

    Russ Roberts: You get an article real quick; you get an article on your CV (Curriculum Vitae).

    Chris Blattman: Yeah. And so there's two--with a profession--the world would be a better place if more smart policy-makers and more smart economists and political scientists were spending more sweat and brains and money on big questions about growth in this case[?]. And then, and so--and I think that's probably right. I think we probably do have a slight misallocation--I think you could make a good argument. But that doesn't mean--it doesn't mean--he sort of made a--he sort of exaggerates as some do and say, 'We should only focus on growth. Most people should focus on growth.' And I think that's wrong for two reasons. One is, I think it's wrong big thing to focus on. And we could get to that. But I think more immediately, I think you can't ignore the poverty. Because, what this says--so listen: If I say, 'I'm going to--everyone needs to be focused on growth.' If we just dedicate all this time, even if he's right, and we were able to make future unborn generations better off, because we're spending all this time and money and brains and energy, on growth, the fact is that there's still a lot of horribly-off people today. Now, if you, if you sort of--some people make that tradeoff. They'll say, 'Listen. Better make 20 generations much better off than trade off making them slightly better off just to make these people less poor.' That's just--someone who is, say, a utilitarian who wants to make the most good for the most people, would say we need to sacrifice today's generation and help these future generations. That's the way to maximize the good. But if you have sort of a different moral calculus--that if you think, for example, that we're only as good as, say, the least among us; or that we have a responsibility to help the very, very least among us even if that means we wealthy people or future wealthy people who are not yet born will be substantially worse off--that's also a defensible claim. And I guess I would say I'm willing to make that tradeoff, to some degree. And I think a lot of--I think that's fundamentally why so much policy is dedicated toward alleviating poverty. That, even if we knew how to make future generations off with certainty, it would still make sense to spend a lot of time worrying about poverty today. That's a--not everyone is going to feel that way, but it's a totally justifiable way. And that's how I feel.


    Russ Roberts: So, I'm not a utilitarian. But I do think we should improve future generations at the expense of the current one--for a different reason. So, let me lay that out. And you can respond. The people themselves who are alive today would want us to do that, because they love their children and their grandchildren. And if I said to them, 'I'm going to give you a choice. I'm going to give you a bunch of chickens and I'm going to make your suffering less dire,' or, 'You're not going to get any chickens. You're going to lead a miserable life, but your children and grandchildren are going to lead very, very greatly improved, materially improved lives,' I think most, if not all people would jump at the chance. And we see that people do that all the time. They take risks, and they impoverish themselves. They risk death to come to richer countries. So, that would be my argument there. But I think, to me, the real issue is just the severity of the poverty. For people who are, you know, near death, that, yes, we need to do something for those people now. For people who are just having a hard time--if we can, I add that proviso of course, if we know how. And I think people should choose morally to do that. But for people who are just uncomfortable, I think they'd be thrilled to live with that discomfort and have their children thrive.

    Chris Blattman: Right. So, I mean, we can debate this. On some level it's a moot point to--yeah, I mean, it's a moot--sort of the defense of my argument--where we should--and I want--I'm, personally in my life, I agree with Lant[?]; I spend too much time on stupid randomized control trials and on poverty alleviation. It's important, but this is not what I think is really important or really where I can, you know, contribute in some way. So, in some sense I'm unbalanced. I fundamentally agree. But still I think this experiment, this grand thing that I pitched to Bill, Bill Gates, is important. And I would even work on it. The last thing I really want to do--it's really miserable to run these--it's really, really hard and miserable. I hate running these things. It's so logistically and managerially intensive. And you don't think. You just sort of make things happen. And I'm okay at that, I'm pretty good at that. But I don't enjoy it. And I would rather spend my time on something else. But I will do it, if I have to. Because nobody else seems to be doing it. I will do it, because we live in a world not where we are making these grand, philosophical choices, but how to orient aid--and we live in a world where the rich countries and poor countries have made the decision that we are going to spend $10 or $100 billion a year giving the very poorest people stuff. And if I can do a little thing, spend, like 10% of my time for 3 years and $15 million dollars, somebody else's money, to sort of say, 'Guess what? You could be twice as effective and really make an impact on people's lives if you just killed this bad idea and did something less bad,'--that's a huge thing. There's a way to just sort of--given the world we live in, on the margin, there's a handful of studies that I think could really reallocate how this giving people stuff is done. And, and that would be a big thing. And I think that's actually what--I think because I look back at the last 10 years and the cash-transfer work that's been done, including my own experiments--and I say, 'That's the impact this had.' Despite the fact that I wasn't working on what I really wanted to work on, it was important to work on and I actually think that had a lot more immediate impact, precisely because we live in a world where there's just buckets of money, pipelines of money going to these places, being spent poorly. And that can be improved, on the margin.

    Russ Roberts: Superbly said. I salute that. Beautiful.


    Russ Roberts: Has Bill Gates responded?

    Chris Blattman: No. And, you know what? Someone pointed out to me--

    Russ Roberts: Sound of crickets--

    Chris Blattman: Well, I even--I got a chance to--so, someone pointed out to me after I wrote this letter that, 'Do you know that Bill Gates follows your Twitter?' Then it turns out he only follows, like, 300 people; and a number of them are development people, for obvious reasons; and one of them, it turns out, was me. So, I thought--I had no idea. I'm going to direct-message Bill Gates. Maybe he reads his Twitter feed. Like, why else would he only follow it, 2-300 people? So I even direct-messaged him on Twitter--politely, saying, 'With all due respect, this was my [?]; I'd love to have a conversation about this, if you're interested.' And then: Crickets.

    Russ Roberts: Well, I don't know that he listens to EconTalk; but this could put him over the edge, if he does. You may be getting--when this comes out, you'll probably get a summons. And I'd be happy to interview Mr. Gates, by the way.

    Chris Blattman: I'm a marginalist, right? I think that every little bit matters.

    Russ Roberts: Definitely raised the probability. And I want to just say publicly I would love to interview Bill Gates for EconTalk. So, Bill, if you are listening, or if someone who knows you is listening and thinks that would also be a good idea, please get in touch. But it is an interesting question. By the way--this is a sub-point; and you're sort of--I think you have feet in all the various camps: The academic world--there's the academic world; there's the money world--which would be the Gates foundation--and then there's this weird, nether-region of international organizations like the World Bank that has academic people in it, in and out of it--they come and go. So, that whole thing is--they all have their own rules. I'd like to hear you react to the idea that the incentives are what ruin where development economists spend their time. Of course, people have written not-so-nice things about the appeal of traveling to exotic places and having nice meals and Range Rovers to carry you around, and all that. But, talk about the incentives that you experience as an academic, but also as somebody who is in these different worlds, even if you're not--you don't get calls from Bill Gates's cellphone.

    Chris Blattman: Mmmhmmm. The incentives to go do these kinds of--

    Russ Roberts: Whatever it is. I mean, they are incentives that encourage some people to just do all kinds of things--articles on this or that, spend time in a particular country because the World Bank funds it. And all of the--we do what we like, and we also care, most of us do, about what makes the world a better place. As you point out. And you confessed a minute ago that you wish you'd maybe spent a little less time on some of these things and more on the bigger things. So, just reflect on that.

    Chris Blattman: Well, answering the bigger questions would still put me firmly, even more often, in foreign places. Like, right now, I'm really interested in, I happen to be studying a lot of gangs in Latin America and also in Chicago. And, the thing that's holding me back from being more effective is my lack of tie-in to go and spend time in these places. One of the fundamental incentives is that, I think that to answer important questions about other parts of the world, you have to spend a lot of time in other parts of the world. And you also--not just talking to people and collecting data, but also building relationships with other academics who are there or other policymakers. Because it's not an individual production function. So, that's--answering the question requires be there, big or small question, whatever if you are going to do this right. The incentives in the economics profession, for a long time, and to a lesser extent now, were always against young economists and especially graduate students going and spending lots of time in the field. And in some sense, there is still a discouragement to spend a lot of time often in other countries: still spend relatively little time compared to other academic disciplines. And it used to be zero. There's--an interesting set of people to bring on would be people like Michael Kremer, Chris Utry, who are development economists who broke the path in the, maybe the 1980s and 1990s by spending a lot of time in places like Ghana in Chris's case, and Kenya in Michael's case, doing this kind of work, pioneering it. There are others as well. They sort of stand out in my mind. And showing that you could do important work, and making development economics credible again in the profession. And showing--and sending their students to Ghana--like, this is why--why was I in Busia[?], Kenya running this deworming experiment? Because Michael's student, Ted Miguel [?], he sent to run some experiments and collect data. And Ted did his dissertation there; and he started his own studies in Busia[?], Kenya. And then I showed up at Berkeley, and Ted was this young prof, maybe just one or two years in, who became my dissertation adviser. And he sent me to Kenya, my first semester. And then, why did I end up working on violence in northern Uganda? Because the second time I got sent to Kenya, I was sitting in a cafe, and I met a woman--because it takes 20 minutes or 30 minutes for the Hotmail page to load up, which should tell you what year it was. And so I struck up a conversation with a woman next to me who was doing this qualitative study of children affected by conflict and child soldiers in northern Uganda. And then a year later I was landing by plane in northern Uganda to run a survey that looked a lot like what Ted was doing in deworming except I was studying the effects of violence. And that became my dissertation. And it also so happens that we produced several papers and a marriage, and now two children. Because they're more important than the papers.

    Russ Roberts: Yeah; of course it is. But the best part about that story is--most unintended consequences are negative. But here we have the positive unintended consequence of a lousy internet access. That you were sitting there for 20 to 30 minutes waiting for your page to load, and you meet your future wife. What a great--

    Chris Blattman: Right. But my--then I've sent my students to go work on my project in northern Uganda, and later Liberia; and now, Colombia. And now, they are graduating, they're Ph.Ds., they're getting jobs; and they are doing amazing research; and they are sending their students to these--or wherever they happen to work. And so, this has been this amazing thing that has happened: You talk about the incentives. It's against the grain, against the incentives to go and invest all this time really understanding a place. All the inputs required for all these experiments, or any big study, data--you have to collect your own data in a place like Africa. Most of the time. And so, the incentives are all against that. So, why are people doing it? I think they are really passionate about the questions. And, of course, now there's its own set of esteem[?], and you have your own dysfunctions as a profession; and we're doing a lot of the wrong things; and so on, and so on. But, nonetheless, like, this is still a big, positive change. And I've always said that the most important thing about randomized control trials is not the causal effect that lots of people, we've identified. The effect of like--the important part about the deworming experiment in all this time in Kenya by all these people is not--it's now[?] the fact that Ted Miguel and Michael Kremer could lecture you for hours on Kenyan politics and development in a very sophisticated way that has nothing to do with the causal estimate. Economists now have a much richer understanding of the way world works, how the aid sector works, what the political and social and organizational dysfunctions are from everything from USAID (United States Agency for International Development) to some government in some far corner of the world. There's this rich knowledge that was just not there before that I think is really affecting the way the theories were developing. It's affecting the cognitive teaching; it's affecting the questions we're asking; it's affecting the advice. And I think that's been so much more important than any stupid little causal effect.

    Russ Roberts: That's great. And I think Adam Smith would be happy about it. Maybe I'm wrong. I like to think of Adam Smith--maybe I'm romanticizing, which I am prone to--but I do think of him as open to the richer understanding of human activity than our sort of blackboard theories; and obviously was a student of many aspects of human life, not just the financial and monetary side.

    Chris Blattman: Right, right.

    Russ Roberts: What you are really arguing is that it's good that we've become more like sociology. Which could be true.


    Russ Roberts: I would have argued that the reason we shouldn't work on big picture issues and big picture questions is because we don't know much about them. So, I think most people would argue that governance, political institutions are a big problem. I suggested recently that what we should do with that $15 million dollars, say, is pay a leader to leave, and replace him with someone more--of course, obviously, replace him with another dictator is the problem. But if you could change a political system, that would be the way you'd spend your money. We don't know how to do that. And the idea that we should be spending more time understanding that doesn't necessarily follow; the idea that that's the most important thing. If we can't figure out the levers to improve it, it really doesn't matter. So, what are your thoughts on that?

    Chris Blattman: I'm more hopeful. I think we don't know a lot about it. I think we also--I think that--I actually teach a class on this, and it turns out Lant Pritchett has just written a book on this as well, with two co-authors. He's focused more on building, on something a bit narrower, which is building state capabilities--which is basically making states more effective. And that includes public sectors and governments. It's actually a free book online, and I think it's actually one of my favorite books I've read this year. So, he didn't talk about that, but--

    Russ Roberts: What's it called?

    Chris Blattman: I think it's called Building State Capabilities.

    Russ Roberts: We'll put a link up to it, for this episode.

    Chris Blattman: Exactly. And he even negotiated to be able to get this free online. And I think he has a course, as well, where you can go along this as well. And so, there's both a book and a free course online. And I teach a class. Sometimes I call it "Order and Violence." Sometimes I call it "Political Economy Development." But, it's really about these big questions about saying: You know what? What doesn't--I think Lant would agree with this: Growth is the wrong way to think about this. We don't need more people focused on economic growth. I think we need more people focused on understanding state capabilities, and democratization, and politics in these countries. There's a fair amount already: most other political science--there's a lot of bad research; there's a lot of good research. And I--by spending a lot of the last 10 years reading that research and trying to teach it, and learning it; and when I say I want to reorient what I do, in some ways, I--this is the book I would like to write. Probably I won't write it for 10 years. But one day I will write this book about this kind of political development, if you will. And I think that's fundamentally the problem. And it's hard for me to believe, partly because I've read so much that really has changed the way I think about how the world works; and I think if it could be translated into terms, sort of messages that people could absorb and understand in a less academic way, I think it would be really impactful. So, one, I think we could translate more; two, I think we could do more of it. But it kind of a big--it's a big risk. It's hard to see immediate payoffs. Yet, I guess the reason I think it can't be ignored is, maybe you could put it simply like this: That, China and Brazil and Russia and Vietnam and a whole host of countries that are currently like middle income, or a little poorer or a little richer, are generally growing, you know, at a reasonably quick pace--like, say, I don't know, maybe it's 5% a year. In some years that will be higher; in some years that will be lower. But they are basically on their way to being high-middle, or upper-middle--or even upper-income countries. So, they are growing. And as long as there is no major world cataclysm, then in 20 years, those are going to be basically rich countries. And that's going to be most of the population of the world. And that's probably most countries in the world. But there's a bunch of countries, a couple in, you know, Central and South America, maybe Bolivia, certainly Guatemala, and maybe like a Honduras or Jamaica, and much of sub-Saharan Africa, and some parts of Central Asia that are just not growing at all, or they are growing a little bit but not very fast. Or, they are growing a little bit but there is a lot of inherent political instability and it's hard to imagine that growth lasting for long before there's some tanking[?]. So, it's possible that in 15 or 20 years there will be about 20 or 30 countries in the world that are still enormously poor and unstable, next to what are generally a relatively homogenous group of middle- and high-income countries. And that's going to be a bad situation. It's not--it's a better situation than today, where we've got a lot of poor people. But there's going to be this growing inequality; and these are going to be places of instability. And there's going to be a lot of negative spillovers for the

              Lana Del Rey: Lust for Life review – topical tunes and retro bombs        
    The singer looks outward on her fourth album in a state-of-the-nation address peppered with guest stars and pop history flashbacks

    Most pop stars innovate every album cycle, a fraught hustle that is of a piece with this era’s frantic audio production values. That’s all beneath Lana Del Rey.

    The ageless 32-year-old arrived at a languid sound, a detached authorial voice and a set of obsessions on her 2012 debut Born to Die, and her fourth album remains true to them all. One fine track sums up her entire oeuvre: the title of Summer Bummer reflects the consistently high mercury of Del Rey’s mises-en-scène; and there is usually a worm at the centre of her perfect peach. The rhyme reflects the way all this glossy nihilism is often delivered with a wink.

    Continue reading...
              Kommentar zu Wormskin 1 und 2 von greifenklaue        
    Klingt wieder sehr kaufenswert. Im Englischen gibt es echt einen Haufen guter Zines.
              Bermuda Eastern Bluebird Stamps Released        
    The 35 cent stamp, identified by its bright blue upper parts and rusty red breast, this male bluebird is perching on a Bermuda cedar  [Juniperus bermudiana] branch. The bluebird is 7 inches long. It feeds on earthworms, cut worms and caterpillars and also berries. Once it nested in cedar trees but now it almost always […]
              Resulted In Pest Control An        

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              Pest Control London To        


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              Xoga ao clásico Worms en Android        
    Juega al clásico Worms en Android Por casualidade hoxe navegando polo top das aplicacións máis descargadas de Android Market atopeime co clásico xogo dos vermes, o Worms, que recordos ¿verdade? eu polo menos recordo pasar tardes completas diante do computador disparando as diferentes armas dos vermes especialmente en linea. Eu non pasei nin un minuto [...]
              Helping out the nesting blackbirds        

    There are blackbirds (Turdus merula) nesting in the ivy growing on the garden wall here. I noticed when I saw a female eagerly pecking at the half apple we’d put under the bench and flying into the ivy with a beakful of it. Seeing her going back and forth a few times, I decided to add a little extra for the young birds and went out to the compost bays to dig out some worms. These went into a plastic tray with a bit of the compost and the tray was put under the bench. Blackbirds can find their own worms, of course, but it’s interesting to see them eagerly gathering up the worms and taking them off to feed their young ones.

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              Workout of the Day: Monday, 8.7.2017.        
    WORKOUT OF THE DAY: MOVEMENT PREP: Lax ball lats/Teres major – 3 min 2 rounds: 30′ Crab Walk 30′ Bear Crawl 30′ Crouching Tiger 30′ Mobility Frog 30′ Elephant Walk 30′ Inchworm STRENGTH: Front Squat– find 1RM Suggested progression: 10 x bar 5 x 50% 4 x 60% 3 x 70% 2 x 80% 1 […]
              Worms have been moving stones in the garden        

    There are a couple of corners of the garden that I seldom dig – if weeds come up there, I’ll pull them out, but I like to leave these patches to see what happens to the soil surface and to gauge earthworm activity. Because we garden on Oxfordshire cornbrash, there are a lot of stones in the soil and a great many of them end up on the surface. Not only do these stones end up on the surface of the soil, they often appear to be gathered into small piles. When you look more closely at these piles, you can see that there are often bits of plant debris sticking out of the top, usually near the centre of the pile.


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              Workout of the Day: Sunday, 8.6.2017.        
    WORKOUT OF THE DAY: MOVEMENT PREP: 3min mobility as needed 2 rounds: 30′ High Knee Lunge + Twist 30′ Spiderman Step + OH Reach 30′ Lateral Lunge 30′ Inchworm 30′ Broad Jump STRENGTH: A1. Lateral Box Jump x 5/side A2. Bulgarian Split Squat x 5/side A3. Weighted Cossack Squat x 5/side CONDITIONING: 11min AMRAP: 30 […]
              Why some flowers change colour and a worm question        

    I learned something new today – why some flowers change colour as they age. The reason may be common knowledge to some people, but to me it wasn’t and I’m still feeling happily surprised and more in awe of nature than ever.

     Pulmonaria officinalis showing different flower colours

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              Helping wildlife through this cold spell        

    The birds got it wrong, didn’t they. There they were, all optimistic and full of song and now winter has returned with a vengeance. It isn’t snowing here any longer, but it hasn’t melted and the ground is frozen solid. No worms for the ‘early bird’ to catch at the moment. A week or so ago, the soil temperature was around 5C, now it is back to just above 0C.


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              How to tell a male robin from a female robin        

    At every garden I visit just now, I am attended by one or two robins (Erithacus rubecula). They look and behave so much alike that, when there is just the one robin in attendance, it almost feels like the same bird is following me about from one garden to another. You read that male and female robins are identical, but this is not the case – there is a difference, but it is slight and because robins often stand side-on when they’re watching us, it isn’t easy to see. The difference is seen in what can be described as the ‘hairline' and is clearly shown in the linked photographs here; the female bird’s hairline is ‘V’ shaped and the male’s is ‘U’ shaped. You can make out the ‘V’ in the picture below (taken with a zoom lens from some distance away). Since the eggs are incubated by the female only, this makes the distinction clear.

    During late winter and early spring, robins form pairs and this makes it easier to tell male and female apart. It was only a week ago, when a pair of mated robins were bold enough to stand facing me for some minutes, just a metre away from where I was kneeling, that the difference became truly obvious. One robin had a distinct ‘V’ hairline and the other had a much flatter ‘U’ hairline. The two birds watched every move I made as I weeded through a rockery, darting forward to pick up worms and insects and then moving back to keep their vigil a short distance away.

    The habit robins have of following gardeners is age old and at one time, when there were fewer humans, they more often followed wild pigs to find the food unearthed by the pigs' foraging snouts. This is called ‘commensal feeding’, with humans being the ‘beaters’ and robins being the ‘attendants’. It isn’t confined to robins, either; think of the gulls and crows that follow the farmer’s plough. Blackbirds do it as well – there have been many occasions when I’ve dug a planting hole, gone to pick up the plant and returned to find a blackbird in the hole, busy finding worms.

    Robins are extremely territorial and their behaviour towards each other outside the mating season is hostile, sometimes resulting in fights to the death, but during late winter and spring they make charming company for gardeners. Some are restless, flitting from branch to ground, others will sit in a nearby shrub and sing their quiet, wistful sub-song. The reason for sub-song is probably that they are singing to themselves, but it is easy to hold the impression that it is sung for us alone, for surely no other bird could hear it.

    From ‘Address to a Robin’

    Come, sweetest of the feathered throng,
    And soothe me with thy plaintive song;
    Come to my cot, devoid of fear,
    No danger shall await thee here…

    Hop o’er my cheering hearth, and be
    One of my peaceful family
    Then soothe me with thy plaintive song,
    Thou sweetest of the feathered throng.

    Edward Jenner (1749-1823)

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              Improving the soil with trench composting        

    There is a corner at the end of the garden where we’d like to grow a few vegetables – it is sunny and warm but, for a couple of reasons, the soil needed some major work on it. Firstly, I have wondered if the previous occupants here ever added any organic matter to the soil; it seems a bit thin and stony and there isn’t a great deal of worm activity. Secondly, to screen the really rather inoffensive shed they’d planted six conifers, (some variety of Chamaecyparis lawsonia, I think) with the result that the soil for many feet around is bone dry. With not a little pleasure, we removed them. Even with the incredible amount of rain in 2012, the soil was still very dry indeed and I decided to try an idea new to me: composting trenches.

    Instead of adding your vegetable kitchen waste to the compost heap, you dig a trench or a hole, at least a foot deep, and bury it. This adds moisture and nutrients at the root zone and encourages the activity of worms and other soil creatures. Starting in late autumn, a trench was dug where the conifers had been.

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              Finding earthworm middens in the courtyard        

    It seemed that as soon as I mentioned the mild winter weather being good for watching the activities of worms, half the country turned white with frost, sending the worms deeper into the soil. Thankfully, it’s warmed up and the worms are active again. After reading some more about earthworm middens, I’ve been out looking for them. Not hard, as I spend much of my day outside, so there isn’t far to go. Sure enough, once you actually start looking, you can see that there are a great many leaves standing upright and half way into the soil, all pulled in by worms. This led me down to the end of the courtyard at home, where there is still a layer of fallen leaves that haven’t been cleared away. I got a rake out and started raking gently to see what was under the leaves. Sure enough, while most the leaves were easy to rake up, small mounds were left that didn’t want to shift.

    These mounds of old leaves were 6-10cm across, pretty much circular and fairly evenly spaced. Pulling at the bits of leaf, I found resistance, as they were partly embedded in the soil under the layer of gravel. Was it a worm midden?

    I carefully pulled away the top layer to see what was underneath. When the ‘cap’ came away, you could see the worm’s tunnel in the middle of it and see where the entrance was blocked up with partially composted leaves.

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              What are the worms up to?         

    This mild winter is a good time for looking at the activity of earthworms. The soil is moist and our lawns are a mass of worm casts, a mix of worm excrement and soil. The number of small coiled piles of worm casts tell us that there is indeed a great deal going on under the surface and it’s interesting to think about just what is happening under there. What are they doing?


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              More blackbirds have discovered the dog food        

    More blackbirds have now realised that a little tray of dog food appears in the courtyard each day and have been taking full advantage of it. We have gone from only a couple of birds to two sets of parents and their chicks, who arrive early each morning to take breakfast. Dog food isn’t as good as worms, of course, but as the weather has been dry for so long, there aren’t many worms to be found in the soil surface, so this supplementary food should help. The chicks are certainly growing quickly and some of them are starting to eat by themselves, instead of sitting there squawking and waiting for their parents to feed them. I’m still putting apple out, mainly for the pleasure of seeing the birds eating it, which they do with obvious enthusiasm.


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              Ten things seen for too short a time to photograph        

    Sometimes, the wildlife in the garden moves too quickly to be photographed. You turn around and, as you do, a brief drama plays out before you. It all happens so quickly; at times, so quickly that if you blinked, you’d miss it. I thought I’d write down some of those glimpses, before they are forgotten.

    There is a loud buzzing from somewhere. I look around and see a big bumblebee land at the edge of a hole in a stone wall and crawl inside. It doesn’t come out again. Must be looking for a nesting site.

    A sparrow flies up from a branch and catches a little white feather which is drifting down through the air. It returns to the branch and flourishes the feather for a moment before disappearing into another garden.

    Hearing rustling, I look towards the nearby fence where the sound has come from. There is a small gap under it and, just for a moment, the four tiny legs and tail of a field mouse are visible as it passes by on mouse business.

    A ladybird takes off from a flower and flies across the garden. I can just make out its wings as the sunlight catches them.

    Two bluetits busily check along the underside of some guttering. Looking for spiders, perhaps?

    Sparrows again, and they’re engaging in an energetic display in a rambling rose, hopping about, fluttering their wings at one another and cheeping at the tops of their voices. A few seconds later and they’re gone.

    I’m edging a lawn and uncover several worms and a great many red ants. Glancing up, I see that a robin is silently following me as I work and gathering up ants, which it flies away with, before returning for more.

    An uncovered earthworm noses its way across an area of freshly dug soil, searching for a suitable entrance. Having found one, it disappears into the moist soil below the surface.

    On a windy day, a bluetit lands on a thin branch, nearly falls off and quickly rights itself, but not before very briefly hanging upside down from the branch.

    Lastly, one where the camera wasn't to hand: I saw a pigeon climb into a half-full bird bath, settle itself, and go to sleep.

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              Wildlife highlights - review of 2010        

    Looking back over the last year of watching wildlife in the garden, 2010 was a fascinating year with much to be seen, learned from and puzzled over.

    Last January at this time, the ground was covered in snow and ice and we were experiencing the coldest winter for about 30 years. Despite this cold, pigeons were already cooing and bobbing their heads at one another in an invitation to mate. They seem to be the first and the last birds to nest, which might explain why there are so many of them. As winter slowly turned to spring, the activities of mice, birds, frogs and worms became more noticeable. We found stashes of cherry stones in the garage, the woodshed and even in the car engine, whilst the worms in the soil woke from their lethargy and started to move about more. In March, I watched long-tailed tits flying at windows and pecking at them. As they stopped doing this once mating had finished, it was thought to be connected with territory, with the birds maybe seeing their reflections as invaders.

    As the weather warmed, wild honey bees emerged and started to forage on cherry and apple blossom; bumblebees were searching for wall cavities to make nests in; toads and frogs returned to water to mate and I saw many of the strange little bee-mimics called bee flies, which parasitise the nests of solitary bees of the ground-nesting bees by laying eggs in their nests.

    By May, I started seeing birds nesting in hedgerows and in the undergrowth, followed by the discarded shells, carefully dropped by the parent bird a distance from the nesting site. Pigeons, as ever, were the first to hatch and their white shells were spotted in many places. We had a pheasant nesting at the edge of the garden but, although I kept a watch, her eggs hatched when I wasn’t looking and we never saw the young birds. That disappointment was eased by discovering that we had newts at the vegetable garden. They would have been prey to the grass snakes also living there, but the presence of both species shows a healthy environment. 

    Summer saw me watching and recording the building of a wasps’ nest in a shed close to the vegetable garden. It was fascinating to observe the new layers being added to the delicate nest and see the changing behaviour of the wasps. I got chased away by the guard wasps, but didn’t get stung. Ladybird larvae finally arrived in big numbers by mid-July, just in time to get stuck into the multiplying aphid population. Crickets and grasshoppers also showed up in July, around the same time as a great many young birds, who sat cheeping petulantly under shrubs. At the end of July, the wasps’ nest was discovered by what may have been a woodpecker and a big hole appeared in it. The nest was no more and the remaining wasps dispersed.

    In early autumn, I found the strangest thing of the year: a dried out crayfish, high up in a rambling rose, far from water. It must have been dropped by a bird because I simply cannot figure out how else it could have arrived there. By late autumn, the hedgehogs were looking for places to hibernate and the spiders’ webs were drenched with dew in the mornings. Then the dew became frost, the spiders disappeared, the hedgerows became quieter and winter began in earnest at the beginning of December, bringing snow and freezing temperatures. And now a new wildlife year begins – what surprises will there be this year, I wonder?

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              Frozen worm casts turn soil in to art        

    In the part of the garden nearest the house, there is a sheltered passageway leading from the front gate to the garden itself. This area has stayed relatively unfrozen. I say relatively because it still gets frozen, just not as much as the rest of the garden. Walking along it, I looked down at the soil and saw that the surface was extruded into curious formations. In the rest of the garden the soil is like iron and fairly flat, but here fragile, semi-frozen, twisted fingers of soil reached up from the ground, some of them up to 2.5cm high. Naturally, I took some pictures of them.

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              Young robins and a quiet wasps' nest - summer is ending        

    The robins (Erithacus rubecula) have starting singing again and I heard the first sweet song a few nights ago, though I could not pinpoint the singer, as it was hidden in a cherry tree. Robins sing all year round but, like other birds, they go quiet during the summer moult because they can’t fly as well and sensibly don’t want to draw a lot of attention to themselves. For some reason, wrens keep singing. At least they do round here. It’s good to hear them again. I’ve missed the song of my favourite birds and it’s very cheering to see young robins in the garden, too, watching as we turn the soil and flitting down to pick up insects, grubs and worms.

    We were joined the other day by a juvenile, which still had some camouflaging speckled feathers and it was quite as bold as an adult. I first noticed it looking at us from a nearby Pyracantha and it then edged a little closer, onto the roof of a nesting box and finally came to stand at the edge of the area that we were digging over, occasionally stretching its body upwards to show its remarkably skinny legs. I’ve never understood how robins can get by with such thin legs - they don’t look thick enough to support the body. Anyway, this one paid close attention and was rewarded several times for its vigilance, though I didn’t identify what was picked up, except for a worm.

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              We have newts!        

    Yesterday we got up to the vegetable garden for a couple of hours, intending to move the big pile of compost that had been shovelled onto a big sheet of plastic when we emptied the compost bay. As we find so many creatures in that garden, before moving the plastic, we pulled it back to see what was underneath. I expected worms, woodlice, slugs, snails and maybe a toad or a frog, so it was a real delight to see a teeny, tiny little newt.

    It was so small, 5cm (2 inches) at the longest, that it would have been very easy to miss and it was only the elegant curve of its tail which gave it away. As it was so very little, it was difficult to say what type it was, but I’m guessing that it was a smooth newt (Lissotriton vulgaris). I’m also guessing that it may have over wintered in its larval state and only left the water this spring. This one appeared to be shedding its skin, which it will do about once a week whilst it is growing.

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              Finding treasure in the compost heap, spring ladybirds and early bees        

    With the key to the garden door now in my possession, I made my first proper foray into the garden this week. For some time before taking on this garden, I’d had my eye on the big compost heap against the north facing wall. Whilst it is hidden from the big house, I can see it from the kitchen window and have wondered for many months what it contains, so it was with a sense of both satisfaction and anticipation that I approached it, fork at the ready. The top layer was made up of grass cuttings and I dreaded finding a heap of smelly, anaerobic sludge, but underneath this top layer was a mix of grass cuttings and the prunings of perennial border plants and, much to my pleasure, a great many worms.

    These are compost worms, of the Eisenia species, and they are busy breaking down the heap into usable compost, so their presence is very welcome; I hope to find some ready to use compost further down. On putting my fork to soil in the borders, I have my fingers crossed that I’ll find plenty of worms there too (these will be Lumbricus rubellus, which prefer to live in soil rather than compost heaps, pulling plant debris beneath the soil). There is certainly enough organic matter on the surface to keep them happy!

    Walking along the long border and looking at the rather bedraggled remains of last year’s perennials, I spotted the first ladybirds of spring, warming themselves in the sun; they are very welcome too as they and their larvae will help to keep the garden clear of aphids.

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              Our supervisor, the robin        

    It never takes long for a robin to appear when you’re digging. Yesterday, as usual, the robin who holds the territory at our garden was aware of our presence as soon as we arrived and came to see what we were doing.

    When we walk through the garden gate, the robin will be right there, as if on cue, watching from a short distance – it will appear in the apple tree, the damson tree, or sitting on the edge of the compost bay and from that point, until we leave, our tiny supervisor will seldom move out of sight. I should be glad that they can’t issue orders, so closely do they watch.

    Yesterday it accompanied us the whole day, flitting down from its perch to inspect each newly dug patch of soil, picking up the worms that our spades brought to the surface. At one point, it even posed for a photograph. I like to think it had a full belly by the time dusk arrived and we put away our tools.

    I have read that at one time robins would follow wild boar about the forests of the UK, waiting for them to unearth worms and grubs. These days, it is humans that they follow, instead, so I suppose that we might consider ourselves as substitutes for wild boar. Now there's a thought.

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              Oh no, we've got Muntjacs in the garden!        

    Sharing the garden with other species is generally a pleasure – birds sing, frogs jump - and sometimes make us jump when they do it - and the hedgehogs rustle through the undergrowth. Worms and beetles working alongside countless other creatures are turning the soil and mixing in the layers of material put down on the surface.

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              Dicas para Desinstalar Simple Restore Closed Tabs Button de Windows 10        
    Remover Simple Restore Closed Tabs Button from Windows XP : Arrancar Simple Restore Closed Tabs Button Mais infecção relacionada a Simple Restore Closed Tabs Button SpywareDssAgent/Brodcast, PTech, Spyware.GuardMon, Heoms, SecurityRisk.OrphanInf, Antivirok.com, Worm.Socks.aa, XP Antivirus Protection, Personal PC Spy, StartSurfing, WinRAR … Continue reading
              Two New Tying Videos        
    Chewee Bloodworm

    Click to See the materials list

    Czeched Out Hare's Ear Nymph

    Click to See the materials list
              Re: The DS Bargain Thread        

    I usually go on Amazon and Play, so here's some I found on those sites (Note that Amazon charges for shipping), all new. There's a few here in the list but I'm sure you lot won't mind, considering the cause.

    100 Classic Book Collection - £9.99 at Play

    Worms: Open Warfare 2 - £9.99 at Play

    Guitar Hero: On Tour (with Guitar Grip) - £9.99 at Amazon

    Viva Pinata: Pocket Paradise - £9.99 at Play

    Ninja Gaiden: Dragon Sword - £7.99 at Play

    Super Monkey Ball: Touch and Roll - £7.99 at Play

    Rhythm Paradise - £15 at Amazon

    Henry Hatsworth - £10.99 at Amazon

    Rune Factory: A Fantasy Harvest Moon - £9.99 at Amazon

    Dragon Quest IV: Chapters Of The Chosen - £5.45 at Amazon

    Final Fantasy Crystal Chronicles: Rings of Fate - £7.99 at Amazon

              Excerpt - The Impossible Vastness of Us by Samantha Young         

    From New York Times bestselling author Samantha Young comes a story of friendship, identity, and acceptance that will break your heart—and make it whole again. Order your copy of THE IMPOSSIBLE VASTNESS OF US today!



    “I know how to watch my back. I’m the only one that ever has.”

    India Maxwell hasn’t just moved across the country—she’s plummeted to the bottom rung of the social ladder. It’s taken years to cover the mess of her home life with a veneer of popularity. Now she’s living in one of Boston’s wealthiest neighborhoods with her mom’s fiancé and his daughter, Eloise. Thanks to her soon-to-be stepsister’s clique of friends, including Eloise’s gorgeous, arrogant boyfriend Finn, India feels like the one thing she hoped never to be seen as again: trash.

    But India’s not alone in struggling to control the secrets of her past. Eloise and Finn, the school’s golden couple, aren’t all they seem to be. In fact, everyone’s life is infinitely more complex than it first appears. And as India grows closer to Finn and befriends Eloise, threatening the facades that hold them together, what’s left are truths that are brutal, beautiful, and big enough to change them forever…


    Amazon US Hardcover | Amazon US eBook | Barnes & Noble | iBooks US

    Amazon UK | Kobo UK | GooglePlay | iBooks UK | Kobo US

    Add to your Goodreads

    Samantha Young’s THE IMPOSSIBLE VASTNESS OF US – Review & Excerpt Tour
    June 19th
    BookWorm221 – Review & Excerpt
    Clare's Mad About Books – Review & Excerpt
    Joyful Shimmy – Review & Excerpt
    Little Red's Reviews – Review & Excerpt
    Naturally Nerdy Books – Review & Excerpt
    June 20th
    Beware Of The Reader – Review & Excerpt
    Books For The Living – Review
    Kindle and Me – Review & Excerpt
    Read more sleep less – Review
    To Be Reviewed Books – Review & Excerpt
    June 21st
    A Fortress of Books – Excerpt
    Becky on Books – Excerpt
    Mustreadbooksordie – Review & Excerpt
    SJ's Book Blog – Excerpt
    June 22nd
    Actin' Up with Books – Review
    Books,Dreams,Life – Excerpt
    Fiction Fare – Review & Excerpt
    Movies, Shows, & Books – Excerpt
    Take Me Away To A Great Read – Review & Excerpt
    June 23rd
    A Literary Perusal – Review & Excerpt
    Adventures in Writing – Excerpt
    BJ's Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
    Ficwishes – Review
    Kimberly's Hot Reads – Review & Excerpt
    Read, Write, Design – Review & Excerpt
    June 24th
    Ali's Reviews and More – Review & Excerpt
    Crazii Bitches Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
    Lacey's Love Of Literature – Review & Excerpt
    Nose Stuck in a Book – Review & Excerpt
    Tales of the Ravenous Reader – Review & Excerpt
    June 25th
    All Romance Reviews – Review & Excerpt
    Book Lovers Hangout – Review & Excerpt
    PBC – Excerpt
    TSK TSK What to Read – Review & Excerpt
    With Love for Books – Review
    June 26th
    Angie and Jessica's Dreamy Reads – Review & Excerpt
    Book Reader Chronicles – Review & Excerpt
    Calling All Bookaholics – Review & Excerpt
    Liezel – Review & Excerpt
    Reads & Reviews – Review
    The Readdicts – Review & Excerpt
    June 27th
    4 the Love of Reading – Review & Excerpt
    ADDICTED TO BOOKS – Review & Excerpt
    Lisa Loves Literature – Review
    Miss Riki – Review & Excerpt
    Peace Love Books – Review
    The Inked In Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
    June 28th
    Bookalicious Babes Blog – Review & Excerpt
    Greyland Reviews – Excerpt
    Literary lust – Review
    My Girlfriends Couch – Review & Excerpt
    Read Love Blog – Review & Excerpt
    The Life of a BooknerdAddict – Review & Excerpt
    June 29th
    Author Groupies – Review
    Blushing babes are up all – Review & Excerpt
    Book Enticer – Review & Excerpt
    The Book Avenue – Review & Excerpt
    The Review Loft – Review & Excerpt
    Three chicks and their books – Review & Excerpt
    June 30th
    I Read Indie – Excerpt
    Shh Moms Reading – Review & Excerpt
    The Bookish Introvert – Review
    Total Book Geek – Review & Excerpt
    Vi3tbabe – Review & Excerpt
    Witchy Richey's Booktastic Reviews – Review & Excerpt
    July 1st
    Book Babes Unite – Review & Excerpt
    Cocktails and Books – Review & Excerpt
    Dog-Eared Daydreams – Review
    The Fairest of All Book Reviews – Review & Excerpt

      About Samantha Young: Samantha Young is the New York Times, USA Today and Wall Street Journal bestselling author of adult contemporary romances, including the On Dublin Street series and Hero, as well as the New Adult duology Into the Deep and Out of the Shallows. Every Little Thing, the second book in her new Hart’s Boardwalk series, will be published by Berkley in March 2017. Before turning to contemporary fiction, she wrote several young adult paranormal and fantasy series, including the Amazon bestselling Tale of Lunarmorte trilogy. Samantha’s debut YA contemporary novel The Impossible Vastness of Us will be published by Harlequin TEEN in ebook& hardback June 2017 Samantha has been nominated for the Goodreads Choice Award 2012 for Best Author and Best Romance for On Dublin Street, Best Romance 2014 for Before Jamaica Lane, and Best Romance 2015 for Hero. On Dublin Street, a #1 bestseller in Germany, was the Bronze Award Winner in the LeserPreis German Readers Choice Awards for Best Romance 2013, Before Jamaica Lane the Gold Medal Winner for the LeserPreis German Readers Choice Awards for Best Romance 2014 and Echoes of Scotland Street the Bronze Medal Winner for the LeserPreis German Readers Choice Awards for Best Romance 2015. Samantha is currently published in 30 countries and is a #1 international bestselling author.  

    Website | Facebook | Twitter | Instagram | Goodreads


    “This is Jay,” I said, crossing my arms over my chest in defiance at the stern look on her face.
    I hated when she acted like she gave a crap.
    “I don’t care who he is.” Hayley tried to fry his ass with her eyes. “You can leave.”
    Jay stared back at her with as much defiance as I did, making me like him more. He turned to me and pressed a slow, intimate kiss to the corner of my mouth. “See you at school, babe.”
    He laughed at the mischief in my eyes.
    I waited until he’d brushed by Hayley without a word and I heard the front door close behind him. “Nice. Thanks.”
    Hayley’s dark eyes narrowed into slits. “Don’t talk to me like that. I’m tired, it’s been a long day and now I come home and find my daughter being mauled by some walking hormone. Am I supposed to be happy that you’re dating some guy who looks like he’s seen the inside of prison more than once?”
    “We’re not dating. We’re just fooling around.”
    “Oh, well, then, why am I so upset?” She threw her hands up in exasperation.
    She flinched, like she always flinched when I called her by her name (so she flinched a lot). “Don’t ‘Hayley’ me. I have a right to be upset about this.”
    “Don’t be. I’m not serious about him. And I’m not getting pregnant. Anyway, you’re home early.”
    “They put me on a shorter flight.” She dumped her purse on the couch as she moved farther into the room. “We’ll discuss Jay later. I need to tell you something.”
    I tensed. “Yeah?”
    She stared pensively at me for a few seconds before finally taking a seat by my side. “I’ve met someone.”
    Dread instantly filled me.
    Scrutinizing me for a reaction and getting none, Hayley smiled reassuringly. “He’s wonderful. His name is Theo and he has a daughter who’s actually your age. He lives in Boston. We met on one of my flights out there.”
    My stomach churned. “How long?”
    “Several months ago.”
    “I knew something was going on,” I muttered.
    “I’m sorry I kept it from you for so long… I just wanted to make sure it was real between us.”
    “And is it?”
    “Very much so. We’ve fallen in love.”
    “That’s some long-distance relationship.”
    “I stay with him when I fly out there. I see him as often as possible.”
    I snorted. “And you think he’s faithful all the times you’re not around?”
    “Don’t.” She cut a hand through the air. “Those are your trust issues, India. Not mine.”
    My blood boiled with indignation. She was completely naïve if she thought for one second this guy wasn’t’ a loser. She had chosen badly before, after all. I had a right to the dread that was making me feel sick.
    “I just wanted to give you a heads-up that it’s serious.”
    “What does that even mean?”
    “It means that if this is going where I think it’s going, then that might mean a big life change for us.”
    Oh, hell.
    I stared at her in horror.
    Hayley sighed wearily at the expression I wasn’t even trying to conceal. “I’m going to make a cup of tea. I’m tired so we’ll talk about Jay another time.” She turned but then stopped to stare at me sadly. “Thanks for being so happy for me, by the way.”
    That didn’t even deserve a response.
    There was a time Hayley couldn’t give a damn about my happiness. I felt it only fair that I feel apathetic now about hers.

               Mercy Buckets - My Review of SALVAGED by Jay Crownover        

    New York Times and USA Today bestselling author Jay Crownover continues her delightfully sexy Saints of Denver series with the next thrilling standalone, SALVAGED! Order your copy today!


    Hudson Wheeler is a nice guy. Everyone knows it, including his fiancée who left him with a canceled wedding and a baby on the way. He’s tired of finishing last and is ready to start living in the moment with nights soaked in whiskey, fast cars, and even faster girls. He’s set to start living on the edge, but when he meets Poppy Cruz, her sad eyes in the most gorgeous face he’s ever seen hook him in right away. Wheeler can see Poppy’s pain and all he wants to do is take care of her and make her smile, whatever it takes.

    Poppy can’t remember a time when she didn’t see strangers as the enemy. After a lifetime of being hurt from the men who swore to protect her, Poppy’s determined to keep herself safe by keeping everyone else at arm’s length. Wheeler’s sexy grin and rough hands from hours restoring classic cars shouldn’t captivate her, but every time she’s with him, she can’t help being pulled closer to him. Though she’s terrified to trust again, Poppy soon realizes it might hurt even more to shut Wheeler out—and the intense feelings pulsing through her are making it near impossible to resist him.
    The only thing Poppy is sure of is that her heart is in need of some serious repair, and the more time she spends with Wheeler, the more she’s convinced he’s the only man with the tools to fix it.

    Amazon | Barnes & Noble | Kobo | Google | iBooks | Amazon UK | Amazon CAN



    Jay Crownover continues her Saints of Denver series with SALVAGED, available June 20, 2017

    Preorder and fill out the form here: https://a.pgtb.me/MdHvvG

    Enter your name, email address, and the order number from your pre-order receipt on the form to receive an advance excerpt of DIGNITY and a Saints of Denver Doodle download to print at home.

    Entries must be received by midnight PST on June 19th to be eligible.

    The print-at-home Doodle and Dignity excerpt will be emailed the week of June 20th.

    Jay Crownover’s SALVAGED – Review & Excerpt Tour Schedule:
    June 12th
    Aurora B's Book Blog – Excerpt
    Book Angel Booktopia – Review & Excerpt
    Ceres Books World – Review
    Grownupfangirl – Review & Excerpt
    Krista's Dust Jacket – Review & Excerpt
    Panda & Boodle – Excerpt
    June 13th
    Booknerd1107 – Review
    Foxy Blogs – Excerpt
    Happily Ever After Book Reviews – Review & Excerpt
    Mustreadbooksordie – Review
    NallaReads – Review & Excerpt
    The Book Disciple – Review & Excerpt
    June 14th
    Books to Breathe – Review & Excerpt
    Prisoners of Print – Review & Excerpt
    Tales of the Ravenous Reader – Review & Excerpt
    The Book Maven – Review
    Two Girls with Books – Review
    June 15th
    Cocktails and Books – Review & Excerpt
    Ficwishes – Review
    Night Owl Reader – Review & Excerpt
    Read more sleep less – Review
    Vagabonda Reads – Review & Excerpt
    June 16th
    A Literary Perusal – Review & Excerpt
    Book Sojourner – Review & Excerpt
    Literary Gossip – Excerpt
    Novel Addiction – Review & Excerpt
    Reviews from the Heart – Review & Excerpt
    Three chicks and their books – Review & Excerpt
    June 17th
    Adventures in Writing – Excerpt
    BJ's Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
    NotasLiterárias – Review & Excerpt
    RentasticReads – Review
    Reflections Of A Book Geek – Review & Excerpt
    June 18th
    I Heart Books – Review & Excerpt
    Naughty and nice book blog – Review & Excerpt
    Nose Stuck in a Book – Review & Excerpt
    Red Hot + Blue Reads – Review & Excerpt
    Zili in the Sky – Review & Excerpt
    June 19th
    From the TBR Pile – Review
    BookWorm221 – Review & Excerpt
    Smut Book Junkie Reviews – Review & Excerpt
    The Readdicts – Review & Excerpt
    June 20th
    Bookalicious Babes Blog – Review & Excerpt
    Crazii Bitches Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
    Red Cheeks Reads – Review & Excerpt
    TjLovesToRead – Excerpt
    Wickedcoolflight – Review & Excerpt
    June 21st
    Jack of All Trades, Master of None – Review & Excerpt
    Movies, Shows, & Books – Excerpt
    My Girlfriend's Couch – Review & Excerpt
    Rachel Reads Ravenously – Review & Excerpt
    She Hearts Books – Review & Excerpt
    Two Book Pushers – Review & Excerpt
    June 22nd
    A Leisure Moment – Review
    Brittany's Book Blog – Excerpt
    Caroline Jane Reads – Excerpt
    KeeperShelf – Review
    Live Read and Breathe – Review & Excerpt