Black Rock        
Black Rock
author: Amanda Smyth
name: Kinga
average rating: 3.35
book published: 2009
rating: 3
read at: 2009/11/02
date added: 2009/11/04
shelves: caribbean, family-secrets, interracial-relationships
review:
Drama, drama, drama. This reads like a Brazilian soap opera.
I quite liked it even if I knew exactly where it was going around the page 120. This is your typical story about women with its usual themes of love, betrayal, pregnancy, motherhood.
What I liked most about the book is probably the setting which is Trinidad and Tobago. It was written in the first person in a rather simple style but the descriptions were captivating.
It definitely calls for a sequel.

          INTERNACIONAL EM QUATRO DÉCADAS        
 Jari Litmanen: a serviço de seu país em quatro décadas




Nos dias de hoje é cada vez mais improvável um jogador manter o alto nível ao ponto de ser convocado para a sua seleção nacional por 5, 10 ou 15 anos. E quando chegam a mais de 15 e até 20 ou mais anos? Aí sim vira um fato digno de nota. Poucos foram os que ultrapassaram tais números, mas nenhum outro conseguiu o feito do finlandês da foto acima.

Este jogador é Jari Litmanen, ex-meiocampista do Ajax, Liverpool e Barcelona e que ganhou quase tudo o que o um jogador profissional sonha disputar. O ex-atleta, afora os incríveis 21 anos de serviços prestados à sua seleção, é o único da história do futebol até hoje que detém a marca de atuar internacionalmente em quatro décadas distintas.

Nascido em Lahti, capital da região de Päijänne Tavastia na Finlândia, em 20 de fevereiro de 1971, a bola já estava no DNA do então garoto, pois seus pais eram jogadores profissionais de futebol no país. Seu pai, Olavi Litmanen, foi um meia de sucesso no Reipas Lahti e da seleção da Finlândia nos anos 60 e 70. Sua mãe, Liisa, também era futebolista do Reipas Lahti - atuava de líbero no time feminino nos anos 70 e também foi bem sucedida. Ou seja, "filho de peixe, peixinho é" como diz o conhecido ditado popular.

Tanto que aos 6 anos Litmanen já dava seus primeiros chutes no clube que revelou seus pais, o Reipas. Foram vários anos nas categorias de base sempre enchendo os olhos dos treinadores e olheiros com sua habilidade rara para um país com pouca expressão no futebol. Sua estreia como profissional se deu em 1987 na Liga Finlandesa. Mesmo com todo seu talento, o novato por pouco não começou sua carreira de forma melancólica, já que seu time terminou a competição em 10º lugar - uma acima dos rebaixados KePS Kemi e Koparit Kuopio.

Depois de 13 anos entre base e profissional no Reipas Lahti sua condição de grande jogador já merecia vôos mais altos, apesar de não ter conquistado nenhum título com o clube. Tanto que em 1991 assinou contrato com o HJK, maior time da Finlândia. Porém, sua relação com os azuis da capital durou apenas uma temporada em sua primeira passagem, mas de muito sucesso com seus gols e assistências, apesar do modesto 5º lugar da equipe na liga nacional. O MyPa foi o próximo destino de Litmanen, onde conseguiu seu primeiro título como jogador profissional em 1992 com a Copa da Finlândia.

Nesta decisão da Copa contra o FF Jaro, inclusive, havia um olheiro do poderoso Ajax de Amsterdã observando o então jovem e talentoso camisa 10 da equipe da cidade de Kouvola. Resultado final: 2 a 0 para Litmanen e companhia e um gol do astro finlandês que convenceu o holandês a contratar o jogador.

Apesar das ótimas recomendações, Jari Litmanen chegou ao Godenzonen para atuar entre os reservas - o treinador era o polêmico Louis Van Gaal. Entretanto, o meiocampista começou a ganhar seu espaço substituindo o ídolo local Dennis Bergkamp que sofreu uma contusão. O jogador não perdeu a oportunidade e agradou o técnico, que passou a utilizá-lo muitas vezes no time titular.

Com a saída de Bergkamp para a Internazionale de Milão em 1993, Litmanen ganhou definitivamente o posto de titular e não demorou para se tornar o principal jogador da equipe de Van Gaal nas próximas temporadas.



"Litti" na sua fase áurea com o Ajax




Jari Litmanen não só herdou a idolatria da torcida de Bergkamp como também sua camisa 10 e fez jus à mítica do número às costas. Retribuiu a confiança e expectativas de Van Gaal sendo artilheiro da Liga Holandesa na temporada 1993/94 com 26 gols. Não só ajudou o clube da capital a faturar o título nacional como foi eleito o jogador do ano no país.

Litti, como ficou conhecido, foi peça chave no tricampeonato holandês entre 1993 e 1996 e na conquista da Liga dos Campeões e do Mundial de Clubes em 1995. O meia cravou seu nome na história nesta ocasião tornando-se o primeiro jogador da Finlândia a ser campeão continental e mundial de futebol. Ainda ficou em 3º lugar na eleição do melhor jogador do mundo naquele mesmo ano.

Os anos passavam-se e a contribuição de Litmanen para o Ajax só crescia com seus números. Entretanto, um vilão viria começar a atrapalhar a trajetória do jogador: as constantes contusões. Não à toa também ficou conhecido como Homem de vidro tamanha sua facilidade de contrair lesões. Sua primeira passagem pelo Ajax terminou em 1999 com a ida de Louis Van Gaal para o Barcelona, que aproveitou a viagem e levou na bagagem o talentoso finlandês junto com outros holandeses como Bogarde, Kluivert, Ronald e Frank de Boer, Cocu e Reiseger. Foram 136 gols em 7 anos em Amsterdã, sendo 26 deles em competições europeias.

No Barcelona Jari Litmanen passou muito longe de reeditar as atuações genais dos tempos de Ajax, muito por conta das recorrentes contusões. Foram pouco mais de 20 jogos, apenas 3 gols em dois anos na Catalunha e nenhuma conquista. Com a saída de Van Gaal e a chegada de Llorenç Serra Ferrer no comando técnico dos Blaugranas em 2001 acabou definitivamente a estada do meiocampista no Campo Nou.

O caminho de Litmanen depois da Espanha foi a Inglaterra para atuar pelo Liverpool. Em Anfield Road chegou a ter boas atuações e aumentar sua galeria de troféus como a Liga Europa, a Supercopa da Europa e a FA Cup. Contudo, novamente o fantasma das contusões fazia uma marcação implacável no jogador, que ficou de fora em diversas ocasiões de partidas dos Reds. Desta forma clube e jogador acharam por bem acabar a relação em 2002 após uma temporada e incríveis cinco títulos pelo clube inglês.

Já diz o ditado que "o bom filho à casa torna", e eis que Jari Litmanen voltou a vestir a camisa alvirrubra do Ajax em 2002. A Holanda sempre foi o refúgio das grandes atuações do meia finlandês, tanto que foi fundamental para a excelente campanha do time na Liga dos Campeões na temporada 2002/03, quando chegou às quartas de finais, até voltar a sofrer com as insistentes lesões que o impediam de atuar no seu costumeiro alto nível. Por conta de sua passagem mais constante no departamento médico do que no campo de jogo, não teve seu contrato renovado em 2004. Assim Litmanen resolveu voltar para sua terra natal.

Voltando para a Finlândia, Litmanen foi recebido como um verdadeiro rei pela torcida do FC Lahti, clube oriundo do Reipas, que fundiu-se com o FC Kuusysi em 1996 para criar o novo clube. Tamanha a reverência que o jogador recebeu a alcunha de Kuningas Jari Litmanen, ou rei na língua finlandesa.

Após um ano no FC Lahti sua carreira começou a declinar em clubes de menor expressão na Europa como Hansa Rostock da Alemanha, Malmö FF da Suécia, Fulham da Inglaterra, retornando ao Lahti e, finalmente, encerrando a sua brilhante carreira aos 40 anos no HJK de Helsinque em 2011. Neste último conquistou o seu único título da liga finlandesa.



Camisa de Litmanen exposta no Museu do Esporte da Finlândia




Mas foi na carreira internacional que Litmanen chegou ao seu grande marco. Por jogar numa seleção com pouquíssima tradição no futebol ficou alijado de grandes competições como Eurocopa e Copa do Mundo. Tal dificuldade também pode ser observada em grandes jogadores como o galês Ryan Giggs, o liberiano George Weah, o norte-irlandês George Best, entre outros. Ainda assim conseguiu entrar para a história com a camisa da seleção da Finlândia.

Sua trajetória com os Huuhkajat (corujas, como é conhecida a seleção finlandesa) durou 21 anos como já citado. Porém, a diferença é que o período compreendeu-se entre 1989 a 2010 que o torna o único jogador da história a atuar por sua equipe nacional em quatro décadas diferentes. 

Sua estreia se deu com apenas 18 anos em outubro de 1989 contra Trinidad Tobago num jogo amistoso. Apesar de seu grande talento o primeiro gol só saiu quase dois anos depois numa partida diante de Malta. Em 1996 assumiu a braçadeira de capitão da equipe e só veio largá-la quando a deixou em 2010. Sua marca histórica de quatro décadas diferentes defendendo a Finlândia foi alcançada em 19 de janeiro de 2010 na derrota por 2 a 0 para a Coréia do Sul em jogo amistoso. Sua última atuação, e último gol, pela seleção aconteceu na goleada por 8 a 0 contra San Marino em 17 de novembro do mesmo ano pelas eliminatórias da Eurocopa 2012. Nesta mesma partida chegou a outra marca: o de jogador mais velho da Finlândia e da história da fase qualificatória para o torneio continental a balançar as redes.

Ao todo pela Finlândia foram 32 gols em 137 jogos que o colocam como o maior artilheiro e jogador que mais vestiu a camisa finlandesa em todos os tempos.

Abaixo, dados e estatísticas do craque finlandês que reinou absoluto nos gramados durante quatro diferentes décadas.


* Nome: Jari Olavi Litmanen

* Apelidos: Litti, Kuningas

* Nascimento: 20 de fevereiro de 1971 em Lahti/FIN

* Posição: Meia-atacante

* Clubes (10): Reipas Lahti (1987 a 1990), HJK Helsinki (1991 e 2011), MyPa (1992), Ajax/HOL (1992 a 1999 e 2002 a 2004), Barcelona/ESP (1999 a 2001), Liverpool/ING (2001 a 2002), FC Lahti (2004 e 2008 a 2010), Hansa Rostock/ALE (2005), Malmö/SUE (2005 a 2007) e Fulham/ING (2008)

* Títulos (18): Copa da Finlândia (1992 e 2011), Campeonato Holandês (1993/94, 1994/95, 1995/96 e 1997/98), KNVB Cup (1992/93, 1997/98 e 1998/99), Liga dos Campeões da Europa (1994/95), Supercopa da Europa (1995 e 2001), Mundial Interclubes (1995), Copa da UEFA (2000/01), FA Cup (2000/01), Copa da Liga Inglesa (2000/01), FA Community Shield (2001), Campeonato Finlandês (2011)

* Seleção Finlandesa: 32 gols em 137 partidas entre 1989 e 2010

* Principais honras pessoais: Jogador finlandês do ano (1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 e 2000), Jogador do ano na Holanda (1993), Artilheiro do Campeonato Holandês (1993/94) e Artilheiro da Liga dos Campeões da Europa (1995/96)



Fotos 1 e 3: Autor desconhecido
Foto 2: Fred Ernst/AP

          Mexico wins 1st World Cup qualifier in US since 1972         
  • Mexico's Hector Herrera, right, falls to the ground as United States' Matt Besler looks for the ball during the second half of a World Cup qualifying soccer match Friday, Nov. 11, 2016, in Columbus, Ohio. (AP Photo/Jay LaPrete)

COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — A pro-American crowd of 24,650 chanted "Dos a cero!" at the start.

Mexican supporters yelled "Dos a uno!" as they left.

Rafa Marquez scored a tiebreaking goal on a header in the 89th minute, giving Mexico a 2-1 victory Friday night and its first victory at the United States in World Cup qualifying since 1972.

After winning four straight home qualifiers against Mexico by 2-0 scores — all in Columbus — the U.S. hoped to open the final round of the North and Central American and Caribbean region with another victory. Instead, the Americans began the hexagonal with a loss for the second straight cycle, and they play Tuesday night at Costa Rica, where they have never won in qualifying.

"It gets a sense of anger in us. It gets a sense of absolutely urgency," U.S. coach Jurgen Klinsmann said. "It's not a problem, but it's obviously disappointing."

Miguel Layun put Mexico ahead in the 20th minute, but Bobby Wood tied it in the 49th.

The U.S. dominated the second half before the 37-year-old Marquez, unmarked and drifting across the penalty area at the near post, got a glancing nod on Layun's corner kick. The Mexican captain lifted the ball over goalkeeper Brad Guzan for his 17th international goal.

Mexico's previous win at the U.S. in qualifying was also by a 2-1 score, at the Los Angeles Coliseum.

"I think we deserved this match," Layun said. "We were focused."

Klinsmann said John Brooks was supposed to mark Marquez on the corner kick. Jozy Altidore blocked the defender from getting there.

"We lost him there. Individual mistake," Klinsmann said.

The Americans had been 30-0-2 at home in qualifying since a 3-2 loss to Honduras at Washington's RFK Stadium in September 2001.

"They're very good in terms of when they have a little time circulating the ball, and they start to find space," American captain Michael Bradley said.

Guzan had lost the U.S. goalkeeper job to Tim Howard, who started at the last two World Cups. But Howard pulled a muscle in his right leg on a goal kick and was replaced in the 40th minute.

Howard was to have a scan Saturday, a day before the U.S. travels, and Klinsmann said Howard likely will miss the match at Costa Rica.

"He knows it's not looking that good," Klinsmann said.

The top three teams in the six-nation round qualify for the World Cup, and the fourth-place country advances to a playoff.

With the U.S. struggling early in what Klinsmann called a 3-4-3 formation, Mexico could have led 3-0. Howard tipped Jesus Corona's 10th-minute shot off a post and Carlos Vela's 25th-minute header hit a crossbar.

"Out midfielders didn't get into the one-on-one battles we expected them to," Klinsmann said, citing Jermaine Jones and Bradley.

After switching to a more familiar 4-4-2 in the 27th minute, the Americans began to find their rhythm, and Wood scored off a pass from Altidore.

It was 44 degrees at game time, half the 90-degree temperature for the 2013 match in Columbus, when the U.S. clinched its seventh straight World Cup berth.

Mexico went ahead after Bradley and Giovani dos Santos battled for the ball 30 yards out. The ball skipped to Layun, who took a touch, and his right-footed shot deflected off Timmy Chandler past Howard's left for his fourth international goal in 46 appearances,

Wood tied the score after Brooks forced a turnover. Altidore turned his defender and passed to Wood, who took two touches as he split defenders. His 8-yard, left-footed shot deflected off a leg of Layun for his eighth goal in 28 international appearances. Wood also scored against Mexico last fall during an extra-time loss in the playoff for a berth in the 2017 Confederations Cup.

Altidore and Wood have combined for seven goals in 11 games they've started together.

Notes: All three visiting teams had victories in their openers. Costa Rica won 2-0 at Trinidad and Tobago on goals by Christian Bolanos in the 65th and Ronald Matarrita in second-half injury time, and Panama won 1-0 at Honduras on Fidel Escobar's 22nd-minute goal. ... CONCACAF and Fox extended their Gold Cup agreement to cover the 2017 and 2019 tournaments. ... Mexico's Carlos Salcedo is suspended for Tuesday after receiving two yellow cards late in the match.

 

Section: 

          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          Haiti        
"The chairman of the World Bank visited Haiti this past week. This man, Robert Zoellick, is an expert finance-capitalist, a former partner in the investment bankers Goldman Sachs, whose 22,000 ‘traders’ last year averaged bonuses of more than $600,000 each.

Goldman Sachs paid out over & 18 billion in bonuses to its traders last year, about 50% more than the GDP of Haiti’s 8 million people."


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          A propaganda enganosa do PSDB pedindo “desculpas”        



O teaser da propaganda do PSDB pedindo “desculpas” não é enganosa apenas pela contradição em termos.

Afinal, se o problema é fazer parte de um governo corrupto em que eles mesmos meteram o Brasil em conluio com o PMDB, basta tirar os ministros e sair. Mas aí, como sabemos, é pedir demais.

O buraco é mais fundo.

Ao longo do meio minuto do vídeo, os tucanos admitem que erraram, mas não revelam no quê.

Enfileiram, ao contrário, os “acertos”. E, mesmo aí, apresenta-se uma coleção de falsidades.

a) não foi o PSDB que criou o Plano Real, e sim o governo Itamar Franco.

b) a anistia aconteceu em 1979 e a campanha das Diretas Já em 1984. O PSDB foi criado apenas em 1988.

Se o mea culpa fosse para valer, Aécio Neves entraria falando sobre a Lista de Furnas, a censura em Minas, o golpe que fomentou ao perder a eleição, as malas de dinheiro do Joesley, a amizade com o Gilmar.

Informaria sua mudança para Trinidad e Tobago e sua saída da vida pública em nome da democracia: “Foi mal, pessoal”.

Em resumo, é a propaganda mais sincera que o PSDB já fez em sua história: só contém mentiras.

Kiko Nogueira
No DCM
          Volley, World Gran Prix Donne: tre gare in programma        

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LaQuotaVincente.it.

Continua il World Grand Prix Donne di Volley. In programma ci sono tre partite.

Portorico-Bulgaria è la prima sfida. Si affrontano due formazioni inserite nel Gruppo 2, con la Bulgaria quinta a 10 punti e il Portorico a quota 5, ma capace di vincere le ultime due partite con il Canada (al tie break) e Repubblica Ceca. La Bulgaria, invece, è tornata alla vittoria dopo le ultime due sconfitte in cinque set. La Bulgaria cerca di rispondere alla Corea del Sud e alla Repubblica Ceca per conquistare il terzo posto, che vale l'accesso al gruppo finale.

Venezuela-Ungheria è la seconda sfida. Si affrontano due formazioni inserite nel Gruppo 3, con la prima che affronta la seconda. Finora, nessuno è riuscito a fermare le magiare, capaci di perdere un solo set contro l'Australia. Il Venezuela, a -1 a causa della sconfitta al tie break con la Francia, seconda, è costretta a vincere se vuole puntare al primo posto, ma la qualificazione al gruppo finale è al sicuro: 7, infatti, sono i punti di vantaggio su Camerun e Messico.

Trinidad e Tobago-Camerun è la terza sfida, l'ultima di questa giornata del World Gran Prix di Volley. Si affrontano, nuovamente nel Gruppo 3, la quarta e la settima in classifica. Il Camerun, vincendo, andrebbe a -4, se la capolista dovesse battere in tre set il Venezuela, riaprendo momentaneamente i giochi per il terzo posto. Il Trinidad e Tobago, penultimo con una sola vittoria (contro l'Australia), cerca invece l'aggancio a quota 6.

Volley, World Gran Prix Donne: tre gare in programma
LaQuotaVincente.it.


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          Paradise Lost, Paradise Found (St Lucia & Tobago Guide)        
Sunset in Castara - Never gets old
That’s it, another chapter and another four countries. Following the bicycle adventure and Canada/US road trip back to Denver, I left in October and made way to Guadalajara, which turned out to be a killer random trip exploring the cultural capital of Mexico. Met some great people, ate amazing food, drank too much tequila, etc. From there I flew down to POS airport in Trinidad. POS being a very appropriate call sign as Port of Spain airport is certainly not my favorite. 

I booked an apartment via AirBnB in Arima. Turns out this isn’t an area I’d recommend. Without transport you’re fairly limited, with transport you’re still fairly limited as there isn’t much to explore. If you know me, you know I’ve experienced some pretty sketchy situations in some of the many countries I’ve visited, but have to point out that Trinidad (Arima specifically) isn’t the safest place. In fact, I didn’t feel comfortable walking around after dark in certain areas. I know I know, sounds like a typical American unnecessarily worrying, and I hope you know that’s not my style, but there are dangerous pockets in Trinidad. Best to hire a guide, or be shown around with local friends. 

No Man's Land - Tobago
The only redeeming part of Arima was that my AirBnB host happened to be very nice and the auntie of Patrice Roberts, a famous Soca star. Soca is a style of upbeat music that dominates the West Indies. In fact, you’re hard pressed to hear anything else these days, especially leading up to Carnival, which is a party like no other starting with J’Ouvert in late February. You do occasionally hear older, lighter music from the likes of Calypso Rose and steel pan groups. 

Patrice, her aunt, their driver Richard, and I did a fair bit of exploring. We did a boat tour to see thousands of beautiful red herring in the Caroni Bird Sanctuary, which I’d highly recommend. We also ate a ton of food. I can’t count how many rotis I had, but doubles turned out to be my favorite. A little hard to explain, but basically a soft dumpling that serves as a ‘carrier’ for a spicy, slow roasted chickpea stew. Fun fact, fried chicken is very popular in Trinidad and the world’s busiest KFC is in Port of Spain. I’m fairly certain it’s the only business open 24/7 on the whole island. 

Argyle Falls - Tobago
From Trinidad I took the ferry over to Tobago for $6 US. The ride is around two hours, but not the Caribbean ‘out at sea’ experience I’d hoped for. The boat was packed with several hundred people, a lot of them moaning and getting sick in the bathrooms and off the back of the boat. However, once I arrived in Tobago I knew I was in an entirely different place. It’s like the super chill, stoned little brother of Trinidad. 

I’d been asked to build a website and do some general business consulting for a small hotel in Castara. One’s first drive in Tobago is a thrilling experience. The roads are narrow, full of blind corners, people drive too fast, and there are cliffs and landslides around every bend. You get used to it though, and soon enough I found myself behind the wheel ripping around the island like a local. The first drive from the port to Castara was a little intimidating however. 

Giving some sailing instruction in St Lucia
Castara itself is a sleepy little fishing village with approximately 600 residents. It’s about 3/4 of the way up the island on the leeward Caribbean (left/west) side. Most typical tourists (i.e. mandals, fanny packs, birdwatching hats, boozed up, all-inclusive loving, etc) choose to stay in the southern half of the island, Crown Point specifically. This is great because the north has been left relatively untouched and unspoiled. The culture, vibe, and cuisine all remains. 

Honestly I didn’t explore very much the first time in Tobago, but would be back soon to the Emerald Isle of the West Indies to explore and fall in love with its beauty and charm. I’m gonna go in chronological order, so will touch on that a bit later. For now let me hop over to the next country, St Lucia. In early November I chose to fly from Tobago to Trinidad to forego another experience on the vomit comet (aka the ferry). From POS, I hopped a Caribbean Airlines flight to St Lucia where Jen, the girl I was seeing had accepted a contract with the ministry of education. Little did I know it would turn out to be equal parts heaven and hell. 

View of the Pitons - St Lucia
St Lucia does have amazing things to see. The Pitons are beautiful and surreal, and the volcanic mud baths nearby are quite nice. Some of the smaller villages like Gros Islet and Soufrierre have amazing old houses and architecture. Speaking of Gros Islet, do NOT miss the weekly fish fry/lime there (lime = party/jump-up). The history, old military structures, and views from Pigeon Island are also a must see. 

For me the beaches of St Lucia are a major highlight. My favorites are Cotton/Plantation Beach, where Amy Winehouse hung out to pickle her liver in isolation. Donkey Beach is a strenuous hike past Cotton Bay, but totally untouched. Marigot Bay is beautiful and definitely worth a visit, but a little overrun with tourism. Anse Chastanet and Sugar Beach are both stunning, but both connected to very expensive all-inclusive resorts. The good news is because of the 'Queen’s Ring’ nobody can own the actual beach, so they’re all accessible. The resorts make it clear that you are second class, but can’t legally stop you from crashing the beach. However, the best part of St Lucia for me was the sailing.

I met a couple named Ben and Vicky who run a sailing training business (First4Sail), so decided to work with them to finally learn and become properly certified to sail. We ended up becoming good friends, so I was invited to several other events and races on Papagayo, the 40ft ‘one tonner’ race yacht that became my second home in St Lucia. We won our class in the Mango Bowl regatta, participated in the celebratory ARC flotilla conclusion, and I was even able to skipper an overnight to/from Martinique to give my passport a much needed stamp. In the end I now hold IYT (Int’l Yacht Training) Competent Crew, Flotilla Skipper, and Bareboat Captain certifications, can charter my own yacht, and have given sailing lessons of my own in Ben’s absence. If in St Lucia and you want to learn to sail or simply take a day trip, I would highly recommend First4Sail.

View from the top - Pigeon Island, St Lucia
So that’s the good, let’s get to the bad and ugly. In my opinion St Lucia is a country that has completely sold its soul. The disparity between rich and poor is blatant and disgusting. Every morning I would leave Ciceron, the neighborhood I was living. I would pass my neighbor Dermot who lives in a clapboard/tin shack. I’d hop a bus and be in Rodney Bay around 45mins later staring at $20mil mega yachts. There are countless all-inclusive resorts on the island (think $500+/night), three of them being the always-predictable and disgusting Sandals. Businesses are shuttered all over the island because tourists don’t leave their fenced retreats. They’d rather get drunk and cook their skin than get out to see the inner workings and culture of the country. From my experience it seems that a very small percentage profit from the larger resorts that dominate the island. The locals are left the scraps of a country that was once theirs. 

Marigot Bay - St Lucia
Although a new government led by Allen Chastanet has been recently put in place, crime is at an all-time high and the capital city (Castries) is a complete dump. The education system is set up in a way that benefits kids who live in better districts, and set up for failure in poorer districts. Private taxis are always filled with white folk, while inexpensive minibuses are filled with locals. A trip that would cost ~$1.25 US in a minibus costs ~$40 US in a taxi (a price set by the government). This means most locals are forced to ride the buses, which I did every single day for two months. I can report back that they are stuffed with people, hot, sweaty, and frequently unreliable. I was also concerned for Jen and glad I was there with her. In Ciceron and the city she was receiving comments and run-ups multiple times daily. I’ve never seen anything like it. Not in Africa, not in South America, not Stateside, nowhere. Furthermore, there aren’t many inexpensive local food options. There are more KFC, Church’s, and Domino’s Pizza choices unfortunately. There are rumblings of a Sandals being built in Tobago at present. I can only hope they don’t follow the poor example set by St Lucia. 

An example of the disparity in St Lucia
Charles Simonyi's $75mil US yacht pictured
When in St Lucia, I received a message from another hotel owner in Castara named Sharon that wanted a website built and some general IT and business assistance. She and I had become friends the last round, so she agreed to have me back as long as I wanted. The girl and I split in December (I’ll certainly take the blame for that - sorry J) and I was effectively done with St Lucia, so I decided to retreat back to the paradise of Tobago for five weeks to clear my head. I’m just wrapping up my time there (actually writing this from the flight out), and am feeling quite melancholy about leaving. I really grew to love Tobago, made a ton of amazing new friends, and felt like I have a second home. I also learned a ton about line fishing, pulling nets, spearfishing, and cleaning/cooking fresh seafood. In my free time I would sometimes help out at the beach bar and I became somewhat of a mainstay there. My smile returned in Castara chatting up folks, pouring drinks, laughing, and exploring. What I’m gonna miss most is waking up to the sound of the ocean, walking one minute from my balcony, and doing my daily yoga/meditation/work-out sessions on the beach followed by a swim with the lovely fish and rays. 

Taking in the mud baths - St Lucia
This round I was also able to fully explore the entire island. I became quite the tour guide and driver actually, and several tourists asked if I’d show them around. I think the moto racing background helped. I began to see the twisty roads as my own personal race circuit around the island. A sample day trip from Castara had us head north on the main road and stop briefly to enjoy Englishman’s Bay, which is a stunning untouched beach. From there on to Parletuvier and stop at Paradise Point, which is a bar owned by a nice older gentleman named Glasgow. The bar overlooks the bay with an amazing view. At the split in Parletuvier you can head up through the rainforest, which is a beautiful drive and will eventually take you to the windward/Atlantic (east/right) side of the island. Argyle Falls is just outside of Roxborough and is absolutely stunning. When there, be sure to hike up multiple levels to distance yourself from the tourists and enjoy the continuing falls.

After bathing under the falls at Argyle, you can continue to head north. Before leaving Roxborough I’ve found it best to fill up with gas at the station there. It’s always reliable, plus an added bonus, they sell peanut punch (my favorite drink on the island). You’ll wind your way through Speyside where you get a view of Goat Island and Little Tobago. Eventually you’ll make way to Charlottesville, which is another sleepy fishing village on the north tip of the island, and this is where it gets a little tricky. At the end of town there’s a sketchy dirt road (seriously, like Bolivian Death Road sketchy) that leads up to Pirate’s Bay, which is my favorite beach on the entire island. Seriously, a must see. There are no permanent structures, just a few sailboats and an old man that sells fresh lobster, coconuts, and beer. It’s what you would envision the perfect Caribbean day-on-a-beach experience would’ve looked like 25 years ago. 

Jay Star keeled over during the Mango Bowl - St Lucia
From Pirate’s Bay/Charlottesville you can head west and back down the other side of the island on a badly kept, but beautiful winding coastal road. This will eventually lead you past Bloody Bay and back to Parletuvier, where you can choose to see a second waterfall. It’s not quite as impressive as Argyle, but there’s never anyone there and a really nice second level pool for wading, swimming, and relaxing. From there it’s a short drive back to Castara where there is yes you guessed it, another waterfall. Warning, all of these things are very romantic and best shared with someone. I met a lovely Canadian girl named Dina and we experienced this on a day trip together. Dina, thanks for the lovely day. It was by far my favorite in Tobago. 

You can definitely spend another day exploring the much more trodden southern half of the island, but in my opinion the magic of Tobago is up north. Both Crown and Pigeon Points are worth seeing, but a bit too touristy for me. However, if locals aren’t your cup of tea, this is where you’ll find all the tourist eye candy. Also some good kite surfing spots and rentals. Mt Irvine beach is worth a visit as it’s the only surfing spot on the island. I only spent time in the capital Scarborough when I needed to do some shopping. Penny Savers is a chain and the best for this in my opinion. A boat trip is another mandatory way to spend a day in Tobago. It’s usually a day trip and typical stops are Buccoo Reef, No Man’s Land, and Nylon Pool. Note, BEWARE the rum punch! Although, it does seem to be a Tobago ‘right of passage’ to have too much rum punch on a boat tour only to spill out of the boat onto the beach at the end of the day. I won’t comment on whether or not this happened to me. 

Anyway, what an amazing, amazing experience I’ve had over the past five weeks. I can’t thank Sharon and Brenton enough for the hospitality. I’d highly recommend their guesthouse in Castara if you make way. The site I built for them, and info about their hotel can be found at www.BoatviewCastara.com. Also thanks to all the new friends that helped make my experience so wonderful this round. Too many too list, but you know who you are. I’m really looking forward to visiting Castara again sometime again in the future with friends to show them around. My guess is not much will have changed. Doesn’t seem like it has for 50 years. 

From here I’m headed to Panama by way of New York. Interestingly, it was cheaper for me to fly to NY then down to Panama, than direct from Tobago. Doesn’t much matter as I’m really looking forward to connecting with friends in NY I haven’t seen since I left on the bicycle to begin this round of travels in early June. Also, a slice from Prince St and haircut from Freeman’s are both sorely needed. I’ll be in Panama yet again for eight days this round. First exploring a small hotel in Bocas, land and the beginnings of an eco lodge in a small village an hour south of Bocas, then a few days down in Playa Venao to catch up with old friends. 

DJ David & Look-up in Parlatuvier, Tobago
After Panama I’m headed to Cali, Colombia for a month to dig in and investigate a boutique hostel/BnB/work/live project that’s for sale. Also, my good friends Paul and Josh are visiting separately to give me a second opinion and to get in some trouble together. Can’t wait to see them. If none of the business opportunities come to fruition then well, who the hell knows?!?! I do have a flight back to Denver on March 9th, which I intend to take. Will be great to see friends and family there as well. Plus, my boy and I Conrad have been kicking around a Denver based business idea. 

I guess that’s enough for now. About to land and be cold for the first time in four months! Catch everyone on the flip, 

Cheers, 

~ D

Little Bay - Castara, Tobago

View from Boathouse Beach Bar - Castara, Tobago

View from Mt. Dillon, Tobago

Caroni Bird Sanctuary - Trinidad

Caroni Bird Sanctuary - Trinidad

About to hop yet another delayed flight on Caribbean Airlines

View from Marie's Beach Bar - Rodney Bay, St Lucia

Pigeon Island, St Lucia

Looking towards Martinique - St Lucia

View of the Pitons - St Lucia

Trying to stay young at the mud baths - STL

Captain David making way to Martinique

Nice hotel pool overlooking Soufrierre, St Lucia

St Anne's Bay - Martinique

Headed into a squall in St Lucia

St Anne's - Martinique

A boy, a boat, and a beer

Jay Star sailing around Rodney Bay for the ARC Flotilla

Donkey Beach - St Lucia

Donkey Beach - St Lucia

One of the boats that got into a collision during the Mango Bowl

The minibuses weren't all that bad sometimes in STL

Looking down on Parletuvier Bay - Tobago

Typical sunset from Boathouse Beach Bar - Tobago

Untouched land just outside of Castara, Tobago

Yet another sunset from Castara, Tobago

And another...

And another...

Steps leading down to Pirate's Bay, Tobago

Argyle Falls - Tobago

Pigeon Point random view - Tobago

Road leading to Pirate's Bay from Charlottesville, Tobago

Freshly speared lunch courtesy of your bartender - Tobago

Here's my attempt at 'understatement of the year'... 2016 was interesting. A number of astounding things unfolded. Some good, some bad, some horrid. All making my personal achievements for the past 365 seem insignificant, and absolutely trivial. 

In January, North Korea announced that it had successfully conducted a hydrogen bomb test. On February 1, World Health Org declared Zika a Public Health Emergency. Later in the month Bernie Sanders won the New Hampshire primary and gave hope to those of us who someday wish for climate change awareness, equal rights, accessible healthcare, quality education, and substantial change in the United States. 

In March, Obama became the first US president in 88 years to travel to Cuba, lifting the travel embargo. On March 22, attacks in Brussels killed more than 30. On Easter Sunday, a suicide blast in a park in Pakistan killed 69.  

On April 3, The Int'l Consortium of Investigative Journalists published the 'Panama Papers', which outlines how a Panamanian law firm established secret shell companies and offshore accounts for elite global power players. On April 16, a 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Ecuador, killing 663 people.  

In May, Eric Fanning became secretary of the Army, making him the first openly gay secretary in the US military. On June 23, the United Kingdom surprisingly voted to leave the European Union, effectively making England the butt of many a 'Brexit' joke. Unfortunately, later in November the world stage would have a new clown to mock.  

On July 19, sadly my birthday, Donald Trump officially became the Republican Party nominee for president. On July 26, Hillary Clinton became the Democratic Party nominee for president, and the first woman in the history of the United States to lead the presidential ticket of a major political party. On July 3, a suicide car bomb detonated in Baghdad, Iraq, killing at least 292. On July 14, a truck plowed into crowds on the Promenade in Nice, France, killing 85 and injuring 200.  

On September 9, North Korea claimed to have successfully detonated a nuclear warhead. In early October, Hurricane Matthew made landfall in Haiti, tearing through the Caribbean nation killing more than 500.  

On November 8 (after substantially losing the popular vote) Donald Trump was elected President of the United States. On November 22, the Dow Jones Industrial closed at over 19k for the first time ever, signaling that while humanity is lost, at least our economy continues to steadily grow. On November 28, a plane ran out of fuel and crashed near Medellin, Colombia killing more than 70 people, including the majority of the Brazilian soccer team Chapecoense.  

On December 10, 44 people are killed and 155 injured in bombings in Istanbul, Turkey. On the 11th, a bomb killed 25 during morning mass in Cairo, and another car bomb killed 20 in Mogadishu, Somalia. On the 19th, a truck ran into a Christmas market in Berlin, killing 12 and injuring 48.

Marking a very somber year, there were too many notable deaths to mention throughout. David Bowie, Harper Lee, Nancy Reagan, Prince, Muhammad Ali, Gene Wilder, Leonard Cohen, Fidel Castro, John Glenn, and many many more. Finally, there were far too many shootings in the United States to highlight. A sad fact about the state of our union in 2016.

-----------------------

From a personal perspective, again an understatement, 2016 was interesting. I was able to accomplish some lofty goals, and also travel to several far flung locations.

In early January I founded a group called the NYC Adventure Cycling Club. It now has a wonderful leadership team, over 1k members, and continues to provide unique group rides and 'overnighters' throughout the northeast. Most importantly, it allowed me to meet amazing, lifelong friends. Really, it was more of a social club on two wheels. Some have even said it's a "drinking group with a cycling problem". Regardless, big shout out to Colin and Chris. Keep up the amazing work running the show!  

A bit later in January, I was able to explore the amazing areas of Tulum and Akumal in Mexico. This was part of my family's annual 'Destination Christmas' idea, which has removed all gifts and replaced them with quality time together in an exotic environment.

In early February, my sister ordered and received a copy of 'Someday Never Maybe', a blog-to-book recounting my one-year, 24k mile motorcycle journey to/through Central and South America. This marked one of the first 'paid' copies to be shipped. Although it's family, and my sales will most likely remain in single digits, it feels nice to have a published physical book that I can look back on someday.  

In early March the NYC Adventure Cycling Club completed the first of many organized overnight rides. Although cold, we had a solid group of amazing individuals show. Thanks Chris, Anna, Bert, Colin, and George. We'll look back on that long weekend up to Harriman with fond memories of smiles, laughter, and good friendship.  

In April I traveled all over the United States for work on a whirlwind tour. Miami, LA, Seattle, Vegas, you name it. I was also invited on a fun trip to explore New Orleans with Jen. Later that month I joined my good friends Peter and Sam in Austin for a MotoGP boys weekend. Foggy memories of that one, but I'm certain we had an amazing time. Finally, I popped down to Nicaragua to revisit a few places I'd uncovered on my moto trip, and explore a couple of business opportunities.  

In May I continued to explore my incredible home, New York City. It takes awhile to feel 'at home' in NY, but I'd made friends, knew where my favorite bagel and pizza shops were, and was able to navigate the subway with eyes closed. I don't know if I'll ever be a New Yorker, but the city in Spring was beginning to unfold and present itself to me in a way that's hard to explain for those who haven't lived there.  

On June 11th, I quit yet another fantastic job, and my father and I set off from Brooklyn to ride bicycles for 100 days across the country. On September 18th, 4,519mi later, we dipped our wheels into the Pacific. Following the adventure, I was able to sample the #vanlife by renting a ridiculous minivan and road tripping through the PNW, into Canada, then back 'home' to Denver. It was a lovely way to end the bike journey, and nice to explore and spend more time with Jen.  

In October, I found myself in Mexico yet again. This round to explore the beautiful city of Guadalajara. I sampled wonderful tequila, met rad people, and ate fantastic street food. Later that month I made way down to the Caribbean. Jen accepted a one-year contract in St Lucia with the Ministry of Education, so I figured I'd spend time getting her settled in, and do a bit of 'exploring' myself. My first stop was the lovely fishing village of Castara, Tobago. 

Then from Nov 4th - Dec 28th I was 'living' in St Lucia alongside Jen. During my time there we explored the island together. I also checked another item off ye olde bucket list by spending a month learning and becoming officially certified to sail. I now hold Competent Crew, Flotilla Skipper, and Bareboat Captain IYT certifications, and can fully charter my own boat with confidence. I even captained an overnight trip to Martinique to explore St Anne's French bread and croissants. Happy to report, they're both amazing.

So now I find myself back in Castara, Tobago. I've been contracted to assist a small, boutique hotel to build their website and help with sales/marketing efforts. I'll be here for five weeks, then it's off to Panama to explore several land/business opportunities. Finally, at the end of Feb I'll make way to Cali, Colombia to spend some time dancing salsa, practicing Spanish, and looking at a business there. After that? Honestly I have no idea. An idea that's terrifying, but apparently just the way I want it. Some say life begins at the end of the comfort zone. Sure, we'll go with that, this year was slightly uncomfortable. 

What a fucking year...  Let's put 2016 to bed. See you soon 2017. 












          The Global Transition to Renewable Energy — Can the Caribbean Lead the Way? Part 1: The Potential        

The Caribbean depends on imported oil for approximately 90 percent of its energy needs; the exception is Trinidad and Tobago, which has its own source of oil and natural gas. Although the world currently is benefitting from a relatively low cost of oil, 


          5 años para capturar en Madrid a Jorge Emilio Pérez de Morales Sante cubano acusado de lavar 238 millones de dólares del Medicare        

5 años para capturar en Madrid a cubano acusado de lavar 238 millones de dólares del Medicare

********
El modus operandi era suministrar las ganancias a través de empresas pantalla en Canadá y México, pasando por Trinidad y Tobago y Cuba, donde el régimen comunista mediante sus militares es el dueño de las empresas.
********

Redactado por Armando de Armascon información de ABC,
Caféfuerte y ....
Agosto 07, 2017

Jorge Emilio Pérez de Morales Sante, empresario cubano al que reclama la justicia de Estados Unidos, ha sido arrestado en Madrid por la Unidad Central Operativa (UCO) de la Guardia Civil Española, informa el diario ABC.

Morales Sante es acusado de haber blanqueado 238 millones de euros procedentes del Medicare mediante un entramado empresarial. Llevaba 5 años residiendo en España, junto a su familia, indica ABC. Aunque tenía residencia en la isla, según la ficha de Interpol, ubicada en 5ta. Avenida No. 26606, entre 266 y 268, Santa Fe, municipio Playa, La Habana.

Su hermanastro, Eduardo Pérez de Morales, cumple condena de tres años de cárcel en Estados Unidos por el mismo delito, al declararse responsable de participar en el entramado.



La policía española hizo efectiva la orden de arresto el 28 de julio al existir una circular de Interpol para la captura de Jorge Emilio Pérez de Morales Sante, nacido en La Habana el 7 de junio de 1964.

En octubre del 2012 fiscales federales en Miami presentaron cargos contra el cubano fundador de la compañía de envío de dinero Caribbean Transfers, a través de la cual fueron a parar al a los bancos cubanos 30 millones de dólares robados al programa Medicare en el sur de la Florida. Además de la ciudadanía cubana poseía la nacionalidad dominicana.

Según documentos de las autoridades estadounidenses, entre octubre de 2006 y aproximadamente marzo de 2011, Jorge Emilio y su hermanastro Eduardo, de 29 años, junto a Óscar Sánchez, Felipe Ruiz, Kirian Vega y otras personas no identificadas utilizaron la empresa para lavar un total de 238.067.956 dólares (202.198.026 euros, al cambio actual).

El «modus operandi», según el Ministerio Público y el propio juez del caso, consistía en utilizar Caribbean Transfers para inyectar grandes cantidades de dinero a defraudadores del sistema Medicare en Estados Unidos. Estos, a cambio, suministraban las ganancias a través de empresas pantalla en Canadá y México, pasando por Trinidad y Tobago y Cuba, donde el régimen comunista mediante sus militares es el dueño de las empresas.

El papel de Pérez de Morales Sante habría sido el de proveer de dinero limpio (que realmente eran las remesas que los exiliados cubanos de Florida enviaban a sus familiares a la isla caribeña) a esos estafadores del servicio médico en el mencionado estado, además de Michigan, Tennessee y Nueva York.

La manera que tenían de engañar al Medicare era enviando facturas falsas a ese seguro de salud. Después de recibir millones de dólares por ello, firmaban cheques o realizaban transferencias a cuentas bancarias de los mencionados países americanos.

Esas cantidades eran vueltas a enviar a Cuba (donde estaba radicada la empresa del encausado, cosa que sólo es posible con el visto bueno de las autoridades) y, luego, los Pérez de Morales desembolsaban el efectivo a los defraudadores originales.

El FBI estima que docenas de estafadores del Medicare han huido a Cuba donde han encontrado santuario seguro desde hace varios años. Se calcula que unos 150 cubanos acusados de estafa al Medicare están en la isla con el beneplácito de las autoridades.
En la Florida florecen casos de fraude

El Instituto de Estudios Cubanos y Cubano-Americanos de la Universidad de Miami, hizo público en 2011 una evalución hecha por la investigadora Vanessa López sobre el estudio realizada por su proyecto Cuba en Transición, en relación con el multimillonario fraude al Medicare en EE.UU, el cual apunta a la complicidad de las autoridades comunistas con el mismo.

Menciona el caso del ex teniente coronel Vicente Renier Rodríguez Fleitas, que sirvió en las Fuerzas Armadas de Cuba. Rodríguez Fleitas estuvo en Angola y el Congo bajo la bandera cubana, y sin embargo, se encontró viviendo en la Florida, cometiendo fraude al Medicare.

Entre diciembre de 2009 y marzo de 2010, su compañía, Pirifer Farmacia y Descuento, facturó a Medicare $ 1.8 millones en reclamaciones falsas. La defensa de Rodríguez Fleitas alegó que éste no era más que un peón de los demás. Sin embargo, sus relaciones con Cuba han levantado algunas banderas rojas y el FBI continúa investigando el caso.

Parece claro que el Gobierno cubano es parcialmente responsable por el número desproporcionadamente elevado de casos de fraude al Medicare en la región, apunta el estudio de UM. "Su asistencia a este delito grave y costoso que no puede pasarse por alto, y su constante complicidad con los criminales de EE.UU, sólo por su beneficio económico, es ofensivo para los ciudadanos de EE.UU. respetuosos de la ley que en última instancia, deben pagar por los miles de millones de dólares en el fraude que se deriva de la asistencia prestada por el Gobierno de Castro.”.

En el caso de los hermanos Benítez se destaca que llegaron a Estados Unidos en 1995 y se hicieron ciudadanos cinco años después.

Otro estudio publicado en Caféfuerte en el 2014 señala a 27 cubanos cuya pista era seguida por la Interpol a pedido de EEUU, Ecuador, Panamá, República Cubana y la propia Cuba. Muchos de los implicados tenían cuentas pendientes relacionadas con fraude al sistema de salud de EEUU.

(Redactado por Armando de Armas con información de ABC, Caféfuerte y ....



          Trinidad & Tobago: First Peoples Public Holiday announced        
First Peoples Public Holiday announced
...Gov't comes good on promise

Published on May 11, 2017

Chief Ricardo Bharath Hernandez

IN October 2016, Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley promised the First Peoples of Trinidad and Tobago that they would be given a one-off national holiday in recognition of their contribution to the islands.

On Thursday, Government announced that Friday October 13 had been approved as the public holiday.

The call for a public holiday had been made by Ricardo Hernandez Bharath, representing the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community. He said that the holiday would be in recognition of the history of indigenous peoples.

The disclosure of the public holiday came in a statement from, the Ministry of Community Development, Culture and Arts, which noted that the First Peoples have been calling for greater recognition of their history and customs.

Click on the image below for the full story as it appeared in the print edition:


          New Book: Narratives of Amerindians in Trinidad & Tobago, by Selwyn Cudjoe        
Another new book to have come out this year is Selwyn Cudjoe's Narratives of Amerindians in Trinidad and Tobago; or, Becoming Trinbagonian, published by Calaloux Publications. As I wrote in my commentary/endorsement of this volume: "Thanks to Selwyn Cudjoe's intimate knowledge of the history of Trinidad and Tobago, he provides the reader with a fascinating compendium of key documents on the narration of the Amerindian presence in Trinidad. There is much to be learned here, by both the novice and those with an advanced knowledge of the country. Professor Cudjoe has a keen eye for what is unique, central and foundational, coupled with great skill in bringing to light that which is little known at present. I would not want to begin, or continue, a study of the narrative history of Trinidad's Amerindians without the aid of this wonderful resource. In addition, this work is a testament to the efforts undertaken by Trinidadian scholars in deepening and broadening national self-knowledge, in redefining what Trinidadian means, and in revealing the deep roots of the nation". The book brings together a wide range of materials, from poems to plays, stories, and autobiographical essays that directly relate to the Amerindian presence during the end of the 1800s and the start of the 1900s, as well as providing some critically important colonial historical documents.

          New Book: The Indigenous Peoples of Trinidad & Tobago, by Arie Boomert        

This year has seen the publication of a comprehensive new study by Dutch archaeologist, Arie Boomert, titled The Indigenous Peoples of Trinidad and Tobago: From the First Settlers until Today, published by Sidestone Press, and available for free reading online. The book covers the many changes experienced in the lives of the Amerindian peoples who lived or still inhabit the islands of Trinidad and Tobago, from the earliest occupants, ca. 8000 BC, until at present. Using archaeological, ethnohistorical and linguistic data, it discusses the social, political, economic, and religious development of indigenous society through the ages. The Amerindian struggle with European colonization is chronicled in detail, following centuries of independent existence during pre-Columbian times, as well as the survival of the current people of indigenous ancestry in the twin-island republic. The text has also been endorsed by Ricardo Bharath Hernandez, Chief of the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community in Arima, Trinidad: “This book is a welcome addition to the literature we are now seeking to inform our work here at the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community, as it brings to light important aspects of our buried history. Of particular interest is the information on the involvement of the Dutch in the struggles of the First Peoples, and the connection with Hierreyma, our great Nepuyo Chieftain. It is an inspiration to those of us who are currently engaged in efforts to secure the rightful place of the First Peoples of this land – Kairi.”

          Being Amerindian in Trinidad        
My name is Tracy Assing and I’m the only Amerindian in Town [Editor: in Trinidad, "Town" means the capital, Port of Spain].

I only have one brother but I think of myself as coming from a large family in Arima. Because my extended family has always had a huge presence in my life. I live in Cascade now.

My mom’s family lived at the top of the hill and my dad’s at the bottom, along the river bank, lots of aunts and uncles in-between. The Carib Queen, Valentina Medina, was my grandfather’s sister. I spent my early childhood up the hill, down the hill, exploring the river, watching it change with flooding and quarrying and pollution.

All the women in my family were schooled under the Catholic church from the time of the Arima Mission. I went to Catholic school. I understood it as formality and ritual. But I wasn’t “raised Catholic.” The forest is a temple. The waterfall is a place of worship. Nature takes its course. After we die, we go on to feed other life. Life everlasting.

Around the world, indigenous people have been swelling Catholic ranks for centuries. A common conversion tactic was the replacement of the Earth Mother with a Catholic representative: the Virgin Mary, Santa Rosa, etc. So they would, we would, go to church, but still hold on to our belief systems. I had formal religious instruction at the church and at school. I was very good at it.

For us, our Amerindian heritage is a way of life. Relationships with the river and the forest, with animals we raised and hunted were cultivated  very consciously. I didn’t think it particularly unique until I started going to school. First history lessons are inevitably that the island’s first inhabitants were decimated and the indigenous then disappears from the historical record.

I pray all the time. To the sun. The moon. The ocean. The river. The mountains. The land, so things can grow. The plants. I give thanks for everything I encounter, good and bad. I go in the forest. I am distracted by my worries. I stump my toe and fall down. I learn to pay attention to where I am going. I learn patience.

I was diagnosed with hyperactive thyroid at age 13 and docs wanted to put me on lithium and radiation. But I don’t take any of the classically—read “medically”—prescribed treatments. My dad started me on yoga and New Agey/Amerindian potions and crystals, changed my diet and for the most part it has worked. But it is hard for me to relax. I can’t even float. The closest I get to relaxation is having a hand-rolled “bush cigar” in the forest.

Instead of a teddy bear, I had a teddy cat. I share my apartment with a cat called “Cat.” I wanted to honour her wild, natural life and didn’t give her a “human name.” Although the landlady calls her Ninja. We talk often and she likes it when I call her, “Wild Girl” or “Sweet Girl”. (The cat, not the landlady.)

As I grew into being a writer and recognised the power of published work, I felt compelled to write the indigenous back into the story of these islands. My documentary, The Amerindians premiered at the Trinidad and Tobago Film Festival in 2010. It won best short documentary at Toronto’s Caribbean Tales last year and is being used in Caribbean Studies and Indigenous Studies classrooms at several schools in North America.

There were many reasons for indigenous people not to stand up before: being called uncivilised or cannibal. A beer is a Carib, right? And Arawak sells chicken. I think we will find that indigenous blood runs through the veins of a greater section of the population than we have allowed ourselves to imagine.

Being Amerindian is important to me and to my family. It isn’t all that I am but it is the who I am that I will always represent.

The best thing about being the only Amerindian in Town is that no one asks any questions when I disappear into the bush. The worst thing is (dealing with) the people who treat the place like they’re visiting. And they are terrible visitors at that. The other day I found a beer can stuck in the stone underneath a waterfall.

“Trini” is the title conferred to someone born here.

My blood is in the soil of Trinidad and Tobago.

Originally published on August 3, 2015, by the Trinidad Guardian


          The First Peoples Narrative in Trinidad and Tobago        
The First Peoples narrative

Originally published here
By Bridget Brereton
November 5, 2014


In my last few pieces, I’ve been writing about different narratives of T&T’s history—last time I looked at the Chinese-Trinidadian narrative.
 
There’s another old/new narrative of our past which is rightfully gaining much more public recognition these days. This is the Amerindian or First Peoples narrative, which puts the indigenous (aboriginal) inhabitants of the two islands at the centre.

A magazine type supplement was published by the Lloyd Best Institute of the West Indies and printed by the Express last month, in connection with the First Peoples Heritage Week 2014. Its several essays provide an in-depth version of the narrative. The authors include community leaders like Ricardo Bharath Hernandez and Rabina Shar, historians or archaeologists (the late Peter Harris and Angelo Bissessarsingh), and younger activists like Tracy Assing, who made the excellent film The Amerindians in 2010.

The narrative has a political (not party politics) agenda: to write the First Peoples back into the national (and regional) story. For too long, the “extinction narrative” has prevailed in T&T and the Caribbean islands (not in Guyana or Belize). This insists that all the Amerindians were “wiped out”, they “disappeared”, and they are no longer part of the living history of these islands. (As someone who has written about T&T’s history, I am as guilty as anyone).

This “extinction narrative” was linked to an argument about “purity”: No “pure” Amerindian descendants have existed in T&T since the 1800s, and mixed-race people with surnames like Bharath or Assing have no right to claim indigenous identity. We need only to think about the nature of T&T’s present-day population to see how ridiculous this argument is.

It’s the group led by Bharath Hernandez, originally called the Santa Rosa Carib Community and more recently renamed the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community, which has done the most over many years to insist that the story of our indigenous peoples is the foundation of the nation’s (and region’s) existence. And, more than that, to insist there are still thousands of people in T&T today who are descended from those peoples, even if they don’t (yet) know it. There is also a newer organisation, the Elders Council of the Warao Community, which is based in the south and represents the Warao people.

In 2005, Canadian anthropologist Maximilian Forte published an excellent book with a very long, typically academic title: Ruins of Absence, Presence of Caribs: (Post) Colonial Representations of Aboriginality in T&T. This book narrated the history of the islands’ Amerindians during the colonial period, and documented the efforts of the Santa Rosa Carib Community to claim indigenous identity and to seek greater public recognition for the people it spoke for.

Of course this is an academic work, with a limited readership, so the supplement published last month, with its short, simply written essays, is very welcome. Hopefully, it introduced many readers to the First Peoples narrative of the nation’s history, and informed them about the efforts being made to raise public awareness of our indigenous heritage.

Speaking at the launch of First Peoples Heritage Week last month, President Anthony Carmona called it a “statement of resilience” and expressed a “sense of pride in history emanating from them” (the representatives of the First Peoples). Past wrongs can’t be altered, he noted, but we can influence the present and future. (Sunday Express 12 October).

It’s important to understand and support the multi-faceted movement to ensure our First Peoples are re-inserted into the historical narrative of T&T. The statement from the Ministry of National Diversity and Social Integration (co-sponsors of the Heritage Week along with the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community), “The foundation of our society is built on the legacy of our First Peoples”, should be taken seriously.

          Yurumein (Homeland): A Documentary on Caribs in St. Vincent        
(Director) Andrea E. Leland. Yurumein (Homeland). January 2014. 50-minute documentary / DVD format / 4:3 aspect ratio / surround sound.

Resistance, Rupture, and Repair: The Story of the Caribs of St. Vincent in the Caribbean

 

Yurumein by Andrea E. Leland effectively begins twice: first it begins in St. Vincent, and then, as a reflection of the contemporary relocation of the Garifuna, it begins again in Los Angeles, which probably has the largest number of Garifuna people outside of Central America and the Caribbean. The core of the film ostensibly follows the journey of Cadrin Gill, a Los Angeles family doctor, who self-identifies as Carib and who was born in Sandy Bay, St. Vincent, one of the residential areas of the island that contains a sizeable Carib population. Focusing on the reclamation of pride in Carib identity, and the beginnings of a cultural resurgence that happens in part as a transnational process of reconnecting indigenous communities in the Caribbean region (in this case the relinking of Honduran Garifuna and Vincentian Caribs), this film serves as an important document of the contemporary presence of indigeneity in the Caribbean. The film thus helps to fill in the map of indigenous cultural resurgence in the Caribbean, of indigenous communities that did not simply vanish due to European colonization, but that resisted and repaired what they could. In this sense the documentary helps to further challenge centuries of writings, and even modern historiography, whose emphases have been Carib decline and extinction. In addition, as there has been so little produced, whether in film or in writing, about the Caribs/Gairfuna of St. Vincent, apart from the occasional thesis or conference paper offered within regional institutions, this film further serves to fill in the gaps in our knowledge.

Yurumein represents part of a growing series of films on indigenous Caribbean topics, but is unique as one that focuses on St. Vincent. As a contribution to documentaries about the indigenous Caribbean, this film joins Last of the Karaphuna (Philip Thorneycroft Teuscher, 1983, focusing on the Dominica Carib Reserve); Caribbean Eye: Indigenous Survivors (UNESCO/Banyan, 1991, focusing on contemporary indigenous communities in Guyana, Trinidad, Dominica, and St. Vincent); The Garifuna Journey (also by Andrea Leland, 1998, focusing on Belize); The Quest of the Carib Canoe (Eugene Jarecki, 2000, focusing primarily on Dominica’s Caribs, but also bringing special attention to Trinidad and Guyana); Three Kings of Belize (Katia Paradis, 2007, focusing on Belize, including a focus on a Garifuna musician); and The Amerindians (Tracy Assing, 2010, focusing on Trinidad’s Carib Community).

“That paradigm has changed,” Dr. Gills says in the film, a change in paradigm that involves increased recognition of “our history and our heritage.” It is an important point, as he adds that this has happened “only recently.” Indeed, we are now in the third decade of a region-wide indigenous resurgence in the Caribbean, one that arguably began at least on a formal, organizational level in St. Vincent itself in 1987, with a conference on the indigenous peoples of the region that would later result in the formation of the Caribbean Organization of Indigenous Peoples (COIP), whose first president was the Belizean Garifuna anthropologist Dr. Joseph Palacio.[1] (Coincidentally, in my own research context in Arima, Trinidad, 1987 was the first year that Trinidad’s Carib Community received delegates from seven different Guyanese indigenous tribes.[2])

On a local level in St. Vincent, this paradigm change has also occurred. “We were brought up as Englishmen, so we had an English mentality,” Dr. Gill explains, “and consequently there was not much knowledge about my history…. [I]n my days, it was not ‘fashionable’ to be called ‘Carib.’” Echoing what I found in my research in Trinidad, the film presents a series of individuals in Sandy Bay who explain that they did not know of their Carib ancestry until they reached adulthood, while others did know and could not hide it and were thus targeted for discrimination in the wider society as “ignorant,” “backward,” “warlike” and “cannibal” people, leading some to suppress their own identification as Carib. (Unfortunately, this juxtaposition of lack of self-awareness as Carib, while the wider society discriminates against them as Carib, is a paradox left unexplored in the film.) While there is now a positive acknowledgment of their ancestral ties (and explaining why this has happened recently exceeds both the scope of the film and this review), Caribs in this film also reflect on what they say is their own lack of personal knowledge of Carib history and language. While they point to a number of surviving traditions, such as the making of cassava bread (which one woman claims, without much credibility, to have learned to do all on her own), it is clear that the identity is also understood in racial terms, with a not infrequent reference in the film to phenotypical markers, specifically dealing with one’s face and one’s hair. The kind of racialization that historically distinguished the Caribs of northern St. Vincent, especially in the towns of Orange Hill, Oven Land, Sandy Bay, Point, Owia, and Fancy, from the Garifuna or “Black Carib” of the southern town of Greggs (which is never mentioned in this film), is not confronted in this film. Indeed, the seemingly inexplicable adoption of “Garifuna” for all Carib descendants was one of the surprising things I learned from this film, and as a local historian explains, this is “relatively new” (but we are not informed as to why it has happened).

On an international level, the film speaks of examples where Caribs today are still stereotyped as “wild cannibals” in a few yet influential quarters. Here the film showcases Disney’s Pirates of the Caribbean (2003- ) as one of the latest examples of this malignant stereotyping. Those presented in this documentary explicitly comment on their task as one of combating the influence of Hollywood.

What “loss” means, what constitutes “knowledge,” and knowledge of loss, are all difficult questions that the film brushes against on occasion. If the Vincentian Caribs do not know what “was” their culture, how do they know what was “lost”? Rather than risk diving into and drowning in an essentialist exercise of trait-listing, I prefer the formulation of the New Zealand anthropologist Steven Webster, who argues that “Maori culture is not something that has been lost, it is the loss; being ‘a Maori’ is struggling to be a Maori.”[3] There is more to this however, as some knowledge of what it means to be “Carib,” that is actually in line with its original political meaning in the first century of European imperial invasions, is knowledge that persists. As Odette Sutherland, a Vincentian Carib, says in the film: “They were rebellious people. They didn’t want to work as slaves. The Caribs always liked to be independent and work to help themselves and their family,” then adding as she continues working in her yard, “I am proud to say that I am a Carib.” Another person declares: “That is our king … the chief of the Caribs … Joseph Chatoyer. He fight for the Carib country.” Cadrin Gill expands on this theme of resistance in remarking that during colonial rule in the Caribbean, “St. Vincent was the mecca of freedom,” where escaped slaves from nearby territories often sought refuge and were welcomed by the Caribs. This historical knowledge, of the Caribs as the original anti-imperialists of the modern world system, is further attested to in a dramatic fashion, on display for tourists and all visitors, at Fort Charlotte. There a sign states, “built by the British as the chief defence against the indigenous people and their allies,” and all of the cannons are pointing not out to sea, but inland. (It is also possible that the message of anti-imperialism is simultaneously lost by being displaced into talk of centuries past, focusing on the British, as Dr. Gill does not seem conflicted about displaying a portrait of Barack Obama behind his desk.)

One of the unresolved tensions in this film is that of claiming lack of knowledge on the one hand, yet currently producing knowledge of contemporary Caribness that in some senses accords with the original political content of the identification. Colin Sam, Gill’s nephew, repeats the complaint of a lack of cultural knowledge of self. Yet he and his fellow Caribs clearly know a great deal, but it is not formatted, packaged, and labeled in the same way that academics produce cultural history in writing. Hence, rather than a detailed report produced by an archaeologist, in this film we have: “the Caribs were here ever since.” It is simple, perhaps, but it is also an understanding that is necessary for any sense of indigeneity. In addition, among those speaking in the film is Nixon Lewis, a Carib researcher who spends his spare time doing archival research during annual trips to London, and when not there, then being “on the Net all the time.”

Further adding weight to the idea of a paradigm shift are the words of the prime minister of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Ralph Gonsalves, who in speaking of the brutality of British rule declares: “let us not mince words: genocide by the British.” What is significant is the occasion on which these words were spoken: National Hero’s Day—an annual public commemoration of Joseph Chatoyer, a long sought-after national holiday first demanded by the Committee for the Development of the Carib Community (CDCC), an organization not mentioned in this film.[4] Demands for such a commemoration were rejected by the government for numerous years. In one scene of the film, we can barely make out a banner in the background on which these words are painted: “Indigenous People’s Day Rally.” Indigenous People’s Day is another of those events that Sherelene Roberts explained the CDCC had long pursued.

Some shortcomings of this film should also be noted, aside from some of the gaps and silences noted above. We are told that 2 percent of St. Vincent’s 120,000 people are Caribs, but the source for this not indicated, nor is the deeply problematic issue of counting such a contested and suppressed identity considered. Moreover, Roberts reported a figure of 3.1 percent reporting themselves as Carib during the 1991 Population Census.[5] The film might then lead some to believe that there has been a decline since then. The film also reports that there are a total of 400,000 Garifuna in the United States, Central America, and Caribbean combined, which is a very significant size (again, a source would have been useful). Aside from these points, there is no debate in the film about the problems with attempting to phenotypically define Caribness by the quality of one’s hair, and whether this could mean an implicit rejection of one’s Africanness. The film in fact generally ignores the African dimension of Garifuna identity and history (even when some of the traditions being taught by Honduran Garifunas to their Vincentian hosts are creole Afro-Caribbean ones). The fact that a largely African-descended population is the only population in the region to have kept the Island Carib language alive is surely one of the most spectacular stories of Caribbean history, and a key sign of trouble for any attempts to racialize indigeneity or to distill it out of larger processes of creolization. There is also no discussion in the film about the relations between Garifuna/Caribs and the national government. We hear Prime Minister Gonsalves delivering a stirring speech about British genocide against the Caribs, but then the film ends by pointing out that the Vincentian island of Balliceaux, where the Garifuna were imprisoned in 1795 before their exile to Honduras, rather than being safeguarded as land the Garifuna consider to be sacred has instead been put up for sale to private buyers. Also in the context of Balliceaux, the narrative in the film first claims that a radical cultural eradication occurred, but that then the survivors carried their culture intact to Honduras. Left like that, the statement makes no sense, and we should expect that a project that lists dozens of contributors in its credits would permit the opportunity for some to review and point out such contradictions that sometimes rendered the film’s narrative a bit too shaky.

In summary, several aspects of Andrea Leland’s Yurumein documentary are particularly noteworthy. One is the emphasis of an acute consciousness by Vincentian Caribs of their “cultural loss” and at the same time a renewed pride in their Carib ancestry. Another is the dimension of transnational resurgence, with Garifuna from Central America (originally from St. Vincent) returning to spearhead a renewal of Carib pride and to share traditions. A third observation we can make is about the degree to which this documentary is a nonacademic production, moreover one that is not mediated or narrated by any academic expert. A fourth notable aspect is the extent to which the project involved in making this documentary was locally constituted.
While the film’s gaps and the level of the narrative are bound to receive mixed reviews from academic audiences, this documentary could be useful for first- or second-year students in the North American university/college setting, and for the general public. With twenty years of immersion in indigenous Caribbean research, my own special interest has me enthusiastic to see just about any serious attempt at a documentary on the region’s indigenous peoples, given the paucity of such materials and my continued inability to complete my own long overdue video productions. One has to recognize the considerable effort that went into the making of this documentary, especially given its broad-based network of local contributors, the abundance of available narratives, the political implications of those narratives, the numerous topics deserving special attention, coverage of key local events, and on top of it all an effort to insert the viewer into some aspects of the daily lives of today’s Vincentian Caribs. With so many “moving pieces,” frustration and even failure are more likely than success. This documentary instead succeeds in encompassing a wide range of contemporary issues and historical processes, in a visually engaging manner, and really without trying to tell viewers what to think. In this last respect, it becomes ideal for the classroom setting because it leaves gaps to be filled in by a lecturer, and the work of interpretation open to discussion in the classroom.

I do not think, however, that this documentary should be viewed alone in the context of a course on the Caribbean or on indigenous peoples (or both), that is, in the absence of any other scholarly materials in this topic area. Having said that, it is at present the best current filmic resource on an indigenous community in the Caribbean, one that has long been virtually invisible in the academic literature and documentaries. Others may have done more, but they are becoming increasingly dated. That this documentary has already received some excellent reviews, including by specialists in Garifuna studies, further underscores its virtues.

Notes


[1]. Joseph O. Palacio, “Caribbean Indigenous Peoples’ Journey toward Self-Discovery,” Cultural Survival Quarterly 13, no. 3 (1989): 49-51.
[2]. Maximilian C. Forte, Ruins of Absence, Presence of Caribs: (Post)Colonial Representations of Aboriginality in Trinidad and Tobago (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005).
[3]. Steven Webster, “Postmodernist Theory and the Sublimation of Maori Culture,” Oceania 63, no. 3 (1993): 222-239.
[4]. Shereline L. Roberts, “The Integration of the Caribs into the Vincentian Society” (BA thesis, University of the West Indies, 1996).

Citation: MAXIMILIAN FORTE. Review of (Director) Andrea E. Leland, Yurumein (Homeland). H-Caribbean, H-Net Reviews. June, 2014.
URL: http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=41305

          â€˜Indigenous Guyanese youth facing racism, human trafficking challenges.’        
‘Indigenous Guyanese youth facing racism, human trafficking challenges’
By Michelle Loubon
Trinidad Express Newspapers | Oct 19, 2013 at 9:27 PM ECT

Unemployment and human trafficking are two of the major issues confronting indigenous youth in Guyana.

Michelle Williams, a youth leader among Guyana’s First Nation Peoples, made this comment during a 2013 panel discussion on International First Peoples at the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT) campus, O’Meara Road, Arima, campus earlier this month.

The theme of the conference was “Exploring Heritage, Consolidating Traditions and Creating A Legacy”.

The theme of the panel was “Youth, Gender and Elders of the First Peoples Communities”.

Williams said: “Our youths are finding it hard to get a job. There is human trafficking. Some of them are lured away with promises of good jobs. And they are often faced with a different dilemma when they are far away from home. Some opt to leave their homes and the capital of Georgetown and they are exposed to different threats.”

“They face other challenges like racism. They are called ‘bucks’. They do not mean Reebok. The Dutch called them buck because they are fleet footed. They say they move fast as a buck,” she added.

Apart from unemployment and human trafficking, Williams said there was the social problem of incest.

“Incest is taboo in Guyana. Cousin to cousin and they are having relationships. The Village Council has a role in ensuring it does not happen. Some youths feel there is no shame in doing it.”

Despite the challenges, Williams said: “It is important to work towards leaving a lasting legacy and creating a fortified regional approach to the treatment of First Nation peoples.”

At the end of her presentation, Williams presented documents on data about Guyana’s First Nation Peoples to Chief Ricardo Bharath, from the Santa Rosa First Peoples’ Community.

          First Peoples hold the key: Protection of our natural environment.         
First Peoples hold the key. Protection of our natural environment.
By Heather Dawn-Herrera
Trinidad Express Newspapers | Oct 17, 2013 at 12:58 AM ECT

As the events of Amerindian Heritage Week unfold we continue to be privy to smoke ceremonies, water rituals, and ceremonies to ancestral spirits of Anaparima or San Fernando Hill and much more. From the just concluded conference we learned much about the relationship between man and nature, how God manifests in all things natural.

The life of First Peoples the world over revolves around nature. In Central and South America, even as far as Australia, First Peoples are heavily dependent on nature. Here in Trinidad and Tobago, First Peoples have adapted to some extent to ways of life set upon us by our colonial past. Yet that is just on the face of things. Our First Peoples still practise their traditional ways of life as is evident in their contribution to our cuisine, spirituality, health and wellness of our natural environment, and much more.

My question is, is our natural environment being taken for granted in this modern day world even by our First Peoples?

As Dr Brinsley Samaroo observed at the conference, Nature was abundant before the coming of Europeans into the Caribbean. There was never a problem with lack of natural resources. There was generation and regeneration in the circle of life that our First Peoples lived.

Ricardo Bharath Hernandez Chief of the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community spoke of the intimate connection that First Peoples have with nature.

“First Peoples culture and spirituality is nature-based. God manifests through nature. We cannot exist without fire and water because we have these elements in us. Without them we cannot survive.”

My question is are we taking these basic gifts for granted in today’s world?

Because we live on two small islands Trinidad and Tobago, our lands are limited. We look around and see the extensive quarrying of our watersheds in important places such as Guanapo, Tapana and Blanchisseuse, some of our last remaining pristine areas.

Blanchisseuse is the very area where a minimal amount of land has been returned to our First Peoples. Our watersheds are not as inexhaustible as we may think especially in this period of the onset of climate change and the continuing abuse of man on our natural resources. We need water to survive. Water is life and it gives life.

We look around and see heavy deforestation across our landscape. We need our forested hills and valleys for food, shelter and medicines and much more. The threat of denudation of our natural landscape is very real. The air we breathe, the very survival of life forms that form the chain of life in our support system are threatened. This is far more serious than we think.

Cristo Adonis, Pyai of the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community gave some insights into protection of the natural environment as practised by our First Peoples, some of which are no longer present in today’s existence.

“We share the earth with other entities; fish, animals plants. We were taught to respond to all these things. Harmony in diversity. We ask permission of the plant when we approach it for medicinal uses. When we hunt, we hunt only for survival. All parts of the animal caught must be used and shared. Nothing is wasted because everything is sacred. This preservation of all things natural was destroyed by the invaders and now they are making more laws and setting boundaries.”

What needs to be done now is for a national call to be made for the protection of what remains of our natural environment. To this column’s mind, this is the most important decision that must be made before anything else. Preservation of what remains of our watersheds, our aquifers, and our rain forested hills and valleys must be enforced by declaring sanctuaries of them all.

The minimal amount of lands returned to the First Peoples does not have that vital presence of life support water, that precious element that is so basic for the activities that have been listed as part of the recreation of the life of the First Peoples Village.

Given the history of sustainable use of our natural environment, respect for nature and co existence with all forms of life, lands returned to our First Peoples must be increased to include a number of sanctuaries that only our First Peoples have the knowledge and practice to preserve.

As citizens struggling for equal importance in Trinidad and Tobago, our First Peoples must be given the chance to contribute to the health, wellness and productivity of our land. Our land must return to one of abundance as we see from the examples set by our First Peoples, examples that must be studied and emulated by all.

          First Peoples Conference in Trinidad and Tobago        

Two Vincentians are representing this country at the International Conference of First Peoples of the Caribbean and the Americas, which began today, Friday 11th October, and will run until Sunday 13th October, 2013, in Trinidad.

Mr. Edwin Johnson of the Greiggs Black Carib (Garifuna) Community, and Ms. Molena ‘Mel’ Nanton of the Sandy Bay Kalinago community are attending the Conference hosted by the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community of Trinidad, and held under the theme, ‘Exploring Heritage, Consolidating Traditions, Creating a Legacy’.

The Conference is being held in collaboration with The University of Trinidad and Tobago, and the Ministry of National Diversity and Social Integration, Trinidad and Tobago, and carries as its objectives, to: map the cultural continuity of First Peoples communities of the region, including governance systems, gender and the participation of youth; raise awareness of the indigenous spiritual traditions and world views; highlight and propagate the importance of sustainable living practices of First Peoples communities; regenerate the knowledge systems of First Peoples communities in preserving natural resources; revitalize the traditional skills associated with First Peoples culture for the larger usage by different communities; explore governance systems, politics and international affairs.

The Conference will be held at The University of Trinidad and Tobago, O’Meara Campus, and features seven working Panels, covering the areas of: Youth, gender and elders; Indigenous World Views; Approaches to Spirituality, Rituals and Festivals; Governance and Relationship with the Natural Environment.

In addition, there will be two Performance Panels, showcasing the music, song, dance, handicraft, cuisine and literature of the First Peoples.
St. Vincent’s Nelcia Robinson serves as the Conference Administrator.

          October 14, Amerindian Heritage Day: Keeping Up to Date on the Indigenous People of Trinidad & Tobago        
Today is Amerindian Heritage Day in Trinidad and Tobago, part of Amerindian Heritage Week celebrations, and in that spirit I am posting just a few glimpses of the many developments and activities taking place with what is now called the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community, formerly the Santa Rosa Carib Community.

First, the much-awaited new website of the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community. Also see and follow (by "liking") the active Facebook page of the Community.

Second, as some may already now, right now taking place in Trinidad under the auspices of the University of Trinidad and Tobago, is the International Conference of First Peoples of the Caribbean and the Americas. Also see here for more details on the conference.

Third, the new video introduction to the community: A Vision for the Indigenous People of Trinidad and Tobago.



Fourth and last, Amerindian Day of Recognition--Stills from the Amerindians:


          Call for Honour for First Carib Chief Hyarima.        
Call for honour for first Carib chief Hyarima.
By Michelle Loubon
Trinidad Express Newspapers | Oct 13, 2013

Dr Satnarine Balkaransingh, chairman for the International First Peoples Conference 2013, has said the first Carib chief who was named Hyarima should be given a posthumous award and the major aspects of the Parliament should be shifted from the Red House at St Vincent Street, Port of Spain.

He made these comments during his presentation “The Wounded Nation of the First Peoples of Kairi - Miscegenation, Race, Politics and Marginalisation”. This was day three of the Santa Rosa First People’s Community of Arima Heritage Week which runs until October 19 at UTT Campus, Arima.

He was among the panellists who spoke on the theme Governance and Politics: Contemporary Perspectives. These included Julie Guyadeen, Dominica’s Chief Garnette, Tommy Isaac, past principal of St Augustine Senior Secondary School, and Andrew Klauty.

On the issue of Parliament’s relocation, Balkaransingh said: “Give consideration to have the National Parliament shifted. We can’t move the bones because you are moving a whole cemetery. But you can move Parliament or the major aspects and leave other aspects and convert it to a natural museum and a national art gallery of international standards. Keep the register of births and deaths. These are alternatives. We are continuing to make decisions in the national interest sitting on a cemetery.”

Amerindian artefacts and bones were discovered recently at the Red House during renovations.
Parliament is currently located at Tower D of the International Waterfront Centre, Wrightson Road, Port of Spain due to ongoing renovations at the Red House which traditionally has been the seat of Parliament.

Moving to Chief Hyarima, Balkaransingh added: “ Recognise Hyarima as T&T first national hero for his courage and action in fighting foreign aggression and provide the highest award (Order of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago) posthumously.”

“Hyarima was the first person in 1637 with his warriors and with the help of the Dutch who sacked St Joseph and burned it to the ground actually chasing the Spaniards out of Trinidad. Nobody thinks about the people fighting and therefore Hyarima must be considered the first national hero.” Chief Hyarima’s statue is at Arima.

Asked for an update on the Conference, Ricardo Bharath, Chief of the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community, said: “President Anthony Carmona is expected to attend celebrations today. Nine people will be awarded and I will be making the call for three major things. The first is a call for a public holiday on October 14. I will speak about the other two today.”

The conference continues today. Below is the schedule
Today is First Peoples Heritage Day:
Dedicated to the Great Spirit Tamushi
6:30 a.m. to 8:15 a.m.
Smoke ceremony
Procession from Smoke Ceremony to the Carib Centre
Venue: Streets of Arima
3 p.m. to 5 p.m.
          First Peoples-Heritage Week begins Tomorrow.        
First Peoples-Heritage Week begins Tomorrow.
By Newsday Reporter
T&T's Newsday | Thursday, October 10 2013

The First Peoples indigenous community in Trinidad and Tobago will be hosting their 13th annual Amerindian Heritage Week, which runs from tomorrow (October 11) to October 19. Heritage Week will feature special events, including a conference themed “Exploring Heritage, Consolidating Traditions and Creating A Legacy”.

Tomorrow, Amerindian Heritage Week will be launched with an opening ceremony at the UTT O’Meara Campus from 6 pm - 9 pm. The opening ceremony will include a speech by Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar, greetings from a Nation Representative of the Caribbean Organisation of Indigenous Peoples, musical performance by the First Peoples of Suriname, as well as a cocktail reception with live entertainment by Los Alumnos de San Juan.

The week of activities will then continue with its inaugural International First People’s Conference on October 12 and 13, also at the O’Meara Campus. The two day conference will feature seven academic and performative panels and is being hosted by the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community of Arima (formerly known as the Carib Community) in conjunction with the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT) and the Ministry of National Diversity and Social Integration. Arima is home to the largest number of descendants of the Caribs, who were among Trinidad and Tobago’s first inhabitants, therefore home to the First Peoples.

According to Aurora Herrera, event coordinator of the Amerindian Heritage Week, the conference will feature a wide array of activities and honoured presenters.

“We have chiefs and other Indigenous representatives coming from all over the world for the conference,” she said.

According to the detailed conference calendar, conference attendees will be privy to presentations from countries such as Belize with Garifuna Songs, St Vincent’s basketry, Guyana’s presentations on youth and gender issues faced by the First Peoples and more from Dominica, USA and of course Trinidad and Tobago.

The International First People’s Conference’s press release states that the conference will deal with “the burning issues confronting First Peoples in an environment that remains ambivalent and hostile.” Such issues include the discovery of human remains beneath the Red House in Port-of-Spain, which, according to the First Peoples, indicates that it is a First People burial ground. “How the immigrant state deals with this question will say a lot about the future direction of relations between our First Nations community and their welcome or not so welcome guests,” said Herrera. She also noted that at the conference, “There will be presentations and discussions concerning First Peoples cosmology, philosophy and the various aspects of their way of life. We are also addressing questions of governance.”

The Heritage Week events also include a Smoke Ceremony at the Hyarima Monument, Arima and the Spiritual Sanctification of the Parliament Building at the Red House on Monday (October 14), as well as the Indigenous Water Ritual at Lopinot River, Arouca on Tuesday (October 15) and much more. The Conference is free to the public and it includes meals, however pre-registration is required before Wednesday 16 October. To register, go to www.santarosafirstpeoples.org

First Peoples Heritage Week Calendar of Events


Friday October 11:
6 pm - 8 pm - Launch of the First Peoples Heritage Week 2013

8 pm – 9 pm - Inauguration of the International First Peoples Conference, “Exploring Heritage, Consolidating Traditions and Creating a Legacy”
Cocktails with live entertainment by Los Alumnos de San Juan
Venue: UTT O’Meara Campus Auditorium

Saturday October 12:
8 am – 4 pm - International First Peoples Conference, Panel Presentations/Discussions
Venue: UTT O’Meara Campus Auditorium

Sunday October 13:
8 am – 4 pm - International First Peoples Conference, Panel Presentations/Discussions
Venue: UTT O’Meara Campus Auditorium

Monday October 14:
Dedicated To the Great Spirit Tamushi
6.30 am – 8.15 am - Smoke Ceremony
Venue: Hyarima Monument, Arima

8.15 am - Street Procession from the Smoke Ceremony to the First Peoples Community Centre
Venue: Streets of Arima

3 pm – 5 pm - Formal Ceremony to commemorate First Peoples Heritage Day
Venue: UTT, O’Meara Campus Auditorium

8 pm – 10 pm - Spiritual Sanctication of the Parliament Building, the Red House
Venue: Red House, Port of Spain

Tuesday October 15:
Dedicated To the Ancestors
7 am – 9 am - Indigenous Water Ritual
Venue: Lopinot River, Arouca

4 pm - Ceremony to the Ancestral Spirits of Anaparima
Venue: San Fernando/Anaparima Hill

Wednesday October 16:
Dedicated To The Indigenous Traditions
9 am – 3.30 pm - Open House Visits to the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community Centre, For School Children, Groups and Families**
Venue: 7 Paul Mitchell St Arima.

Friday October 18
Dedicated To Indigenous Traditions of Music, Dance, and Traditional Handicrafts
10 am – 5 pm - Heritage Cultural Fair

6 pm - 9 pm - Cultural Show
Venue: Santa Rosa Catholic Church Park

Saturday October 19:
Dedicated To the Indigenous Traditions on Local Self Governance
10 am – 12 noon - Meeting of the Caribbean Organisation of Indigenous People
Venue: Carib Centre

5 pm – 8 pm - Closing Ceremony and Thanksgiving
Venue: Santa Rosa First Peoples Centre
          Indigenous groups return to Red House to pray.        
Indigenous groups return to Red House to pray.
Trinidad and Tobago's Newsday | Tuesday, October 8 2013

AS indigenous groups plan to return to the Red House next week to pray for the peace of the ancestors they believe are buried there, no decision has yet been taken on declaring part, or all of the original seat of Parliament a heritage site.

Chief Ricardo Bharath Hernandez of the Santa Rosa First Peoples’ Indigenous Community informed Newsday his group, along with the Partners for First Peoples and the Warao indigenous groups, met about a month ago with the Red House Cultural Heritage Team chaired by House Speaker, Wade Mark.

On March 26 last, a number of skeletal remains, cultural and historical artifacts were discovered during initial excavation work as part of the restoration of the Red House. The bones date from 430 AD to 1390 AD.

The Red House Cultural Heritage Team, which includes Senate President Timothy Hamel-Smith and representatives of the National Trust, was appointed by Cabinet to manage aspects of the historical find.

The First Peoples groups believe the remains and artifacts are from their ancestors, and have written the team asking that the Red House be declared a heritage site.

Hernandez reported that the proposal was discussed at their meeting with the team and certain aspects were agreed upon, such as the treatment of the remains — they should be reburied and not exposed or displayed though the cultural artifacts can be — and that an insignia of the First Peoples would be included in the renovation.

He also reported that no decision had been taken on whether part or all of the Red House would be declared a heritage site.

They were informed that the process should be completed by the end of the year, and there were still more tests to be done.

He said, speaking for the Santa Rosa group, certain things were kept “secret” from them, recalling that when they asked to see remains they were told they are “well taken care off”’. “While on one hand we are talking, we still feel as First People we should play a more integral role in what is happening there,” he said.

The team informed them that they will contact them again when they are ready. Hernandez said as descendants of First People according to the United Nations declaration they have a right as it relates to the remains of ancestors but “we are not really given that opportunity fully, (it) still seems as the property of someone else”. “We are hoping at the end of it we will be satisfied,” he added.

He noted that they that they plan to write the Red House Cultural Heritage Team and the police today to request permission to hold a spiritual ceremony on October 17 at 5pm at the Red House. The ceremony is part of the 13th annual First Peoples Heritage Week which will be held from October 11 to 19.

          â€˜Stop Orange Grove aquatic centre’ ...historian calls for archaeological probe.        
‘Stop Orange Grove aquatic centre’...historian calls for archaeological probe.
By Charles Kong Soo
Trinidad and Tobago Guardian Online | Sunday, October 6, 2013
Topsoil being removed in the Orange Grove Savannah.

Historian Angelo Bissessarsingh says all construction work should be halted on the Government’s aquatic centre in the Orange Grove Savannah (also called the Eddie Hart Grounds) so that an archaeological investigation can be carried out. This was to determine if the area contained priceless historical and cultural artefacts dating back to Spanish colonial times or the First Peoples and can be declared an indigenous protected area.

Bissessarsingh said, “These spaces are very important to the history and culture of the area and by extension T&T. “When projects like these are undertaken, there should be an archeological investigation before anything is done given the lack of consultation with the community.

“When those construction equipment went in, I grieve for what might have been lost. My experience has taught me that when public spaces have existed for as long as the Eddie Hart Grounds has, there are usually artefacts such as coins and ornaments in the subsoil and topsoil.”

Approximately two lots of topsoil was removed from the Eddie Hart Grounds during excavation on September 20. Residents said they were told that the excavation was done without the knowledge of officials at the Sports Company of Trinidad and Tobago or the Tunapuna/Piarco Regional Corporation. Bissessarsingh said there were First Peoples’ settlements spread across that corridor leading into Arima.

He said during the 18th century onwards, there were Spanish encomiendas or plantations given to conquistadors along with an allocation of semi-enslaved First Peoples. Bissessarsingh said there were encomiendas at Tacarigua, Arouca and Caura and that certain spaces existed in perpetuity, especially cemeteries and public spaces such as the old Spanish Square in St Joseph, since 1595.

He said Palmiste Park in South was not as old as the Eddie Hart Grounds and treasures such as 19th-century coins, gun flints, pottery bottles and objects of great antiquarian value to the history of the Republic can still be discovered there.

Bissessarsingh said many people knew the savannah as the Eddie Hart Grounds but it was known long ago as the Orange Grove Sugar Plantation. He said the plantation was owned up to 1850 by William Hardin Burnley, who was the richest man in Trinidad, quite possibly the richest man in its history. Bissessarsingh said upon Burnley’s death, his net worth was probably millions of pounds.

When he died, the property was inherited by his son William Frederick who lived in England and could not come to Trinidad, so it was managed in trust by William Eccles, who founded the St Mary’s Anglican Church and the St Mary’s Orphanage in Tacarigua. He said parts of the estate were sold off to various private entities such as Caroni 1975 Ltd, parts became Trincity, Blue Waters, Trintoplan and Belgrove Funeral Home.

Bissessarsingh said the ground itself was not just a space, it was a social structure and gathering space where generations of people from the time of slavery to the present day met. He said he understood the need for growth and development, but he believed that more consultation with the people had to be done before the aquatic centre was built and not in an ad-hoc manner.

Belix: Protect indigenous peoples’ sites
President of the local indigenous peoples group Partners for First Peoples Roger Belix said the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples which was adopted by 144 member states, including T&T, stated quite clearly that burial sites and artefacts of indigenous peoples should be protected and returned.

Belix said, “These sites are sacred and also historical to the peoples of indigenous blood. While they would want to say we don’t exist, they should be preserved and be recognised as indigenous peoples’ sites and returned to the indigenous peoples by the people who now occupy our land.”

Resident: We were not adequately informed
Vernon De Leon, 63, a resident of Arouca for the past 43 years, said there was still no meaningful response from the Government, and the community was still at square one since consultation was limited.

De Leon said while the residents were not against the Ministry of Sports or the Government, appreciating that they had noble intentions, they believed, however, that they were not adequately informed about the implications of converting a section of the savannah into a car park for 300 vehicles, a swimming pool and a road running through the savannah. He said since the car park area was paved there was an increase in flooding on the southern side of the savannah.

De Leon said paving over and destroying the aquifer in the savannah will cause even more flooding in the area and negatively impact the water supply for a significant part of the country as it served WASA’s eight water pumps around the savannah and provided water to north, east and central Trinidad.

He said the low crime in the area was a result of having access to the facilities in the savannah for activities ranging from picnics, sporting events and elderly people coming from as far as Arima to walk leisurely in the outdoors. He feared that this may reverse. De Leon, whose children, Melissa and Marlon represented T&T in track and field, said they were part of “Buggy” Haynes’ football club before they went into athletics, and he used to take his daughter jogging on the field.

He said the area had a rich sporting tradition with the likes of Stern John, “Buggy” Haynes, Eddie Hart, Ellis “Puss” Achong and Keith Aqui and he feared the demise of that legacy with the loss of the savannah. De Leon said of historical significance was a Chinese Pistash tree that still stands in the savannah that dates back to the 1800s to the time of William Hardin Burnley. He said there were alternatives for the location of the aquatic centre and other facilities to be considered such as Trinity College East.

De Leon said there was enough space to accommodate all the proposed facilities in one location south of the Churchill-Roosevelt Highway, opposite Pan Trinbago and Blue Waters without “ripping out the heart of the community.”

          First Peoples getting ready for Heritage Week.        
First Peoples getting ready for Heritage Week.
Trinidad Express Newspapers | Sep 22, 2013 at 10:28 PM ECT

President/Chief of the Santa Rosa First Peoples’ Community Ricardo Bharath says the community is gearing up for its annual Amerindian Heritage Week of Activities from October 11 to 19.

According to a news release from the Community, Heritage Week will feature special events, including a conference themed Exploring Heritage, Consolidating Traditions and Creating A Legacy.

The conference is being held in conjunction with the University of Trinidad and Tobago and the Ministry of National Diversity and Social Integration. It comes on the heels of the month-long celebrations for the Santa Rosa Festival de Arima. A highlight was the procession of the Santa Rosa statue through the borough on August 25.

Arima can lay claim to being home to the largest number of descendants from the Caribs, who were among Trinidad and Tobago’s first inhabitants.

The release said: “The Community has gone one step further than in the past. It has engaged technical and professional expertise to assist it in planning and implementing various aspects of the Heritage Week. It is also engaging the business community, civil society groups and academic institutions in and around Arima to partner with it in making the week of activities very successful.”

Both Bharath and Carib queen Jennifer Cassar have enlisted the help of Arima businessman Balliram Maharaj, who has been working to influence other commercial entities to help.

Citizens can visit the Community’s new office and secretariat at 7 Paul Mitchell Street, Arima; call 664-1897, 776-0210 (c); or e-mail@santarosafirstpeoples.org.

          Give Red House bones proper burial.        
Give Red House bones proper burial.
By Miranda La Rose
T&T Newsday | Wednesday, September 18 2013


MAKING HER POINT: Deborah Koylass of Penal, makes a point 
at a meeting of the First People in Arima on Monday night...

A United Nations advisor to the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is advising that the State turns over the remains of bones found recently under the Red House to the local indigenous people for a proper burial.

The advisor, St Lucian-born Albert Deterville is also advising that the remains should not be placed in a museum.

Addressing members of the Partners for First People’s Development on Monday evening at the Photo House building in Arima, Deterville said,

“Normally what happens, when the remains of indigenous peoples are found, the State turns over the remains to the descendants of the remains, or to indigenous peoples. I would hope that the State in its wisdom would do so.”

Stating he does know what the State will do, he said, “I hope that a proper burial would be executed for the remains that were found, and that they are not be placed in a museum.”

He has always questioned, he said “why anthropologists and archeologists are so interested in the history and past of the indigenous peoples, and like to keep their bones, but they do not take the bones of other ethnic groups.”

The bones of the dead, he said “are sacred and it is disrespect for the bones to be kept by somebody who has no relationship with it.”

Noting he will support the decisions of the indigenous community on what should be done about the historical remains, he said he intended to hold discussions yesterday with officials of the Ministry of Arts and Multiculturalism on the implications of the find, as well as, to raise a number of issues with respect to the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

On March 26, 2013 during initial excavation work undertaken as part of the restoration of the Red House — the country’s seat of governance — a number of skeletal remains, cultural and historical artifacts were found on the site. Subsequently, a composite of material comprising human bones, fragments of animal bones, shells, pottery and other artifacts were discovered and extracted from the soil in other areas at the Red House.

Another indigenous group, the Santa Rosa First People’s Indigenous Community on July 14 performed a spiritual ritual to “appease the spirits” of bones disturbed during works at the site. They were given approval by officials of the House Cultural Heritage Team, a Cabinet-appointed committee to manage aspects of the historical find.

The issue of land and land titles to indigenous communities, Deterville said was another “vexing problem” faced by indigenous communities, not only in TT, but in other parts of the region, and the world. He was surprised, he said, when last year, the UN representative in Geneva boasted that TT had granted 25 acres of land to the indigenous community in Trinidad.

The statement made by the representative in Geneva, he said, was made against the background that the Government of TT was protecting the rights of the indigenous peoples of TT, and as such gave them 25 acres of land. His statement evoked some laughter from the audience.

Noting that he was concerned about the dignity and respect for indigenous peoples, he said he questioned if the lands were titled and vested with the indigenous community and the response was in the negative.

“How many hundreds of thousands of acres of land are in Trinidad and Tobago for the Government to be handing over only 25 acres to the rightful owners of the country?” he asked.

          Who Is An Indian? Race, Place, and the Politics of Indigeneity in the Americas        
ZA_whoisanindian
“A significant addition to research, Who Is an Indian? provides an extended examination and a clear picture of Indigenous identity issues in the Americas. Among the book’s important contributions are its examination of the site of interface between the modern state and Indigenous peoples, as well as its analysis of how state discourses of identities are interpolated by Indigenous peoples and come to be important sites of tension.” --David Newhouse, Department of Indigenous Studies, Trent University
“Who Is an Indian? makes a strong and distinct contribution to the literature on Indigenous identities. The contributors examine imposed markers of distinctiveness, particularly those racial categories that have often been formulated by experts and imposed by dominant societies. This is a topic that is rife with controversy, but it is handled here with directness and historical acumen.”--Ronald Niezen, Department of Anthropology, McGill University
Who Is An Indian? Race, Place, and the Politics of Indigeneity in the Americas  is my newest edited collection, published by the University of Toronto Press. It completes a trilogy of edited volumes on indigeneity in the Americas that I began in 2006 with Indigenous Resurgence in the Contemporary Caribbean: Amerindian Survival and Revival, and in 2010 with the publication of Indigenous Cosmopolitans: Transnational and Transcultural Indigeneity in the Twenty-First Century.

About this Book

Who is an Indian? This is possibly the oldest question facing Indigenous Peoples across the Americas, and one with significant implications for decisions relating to resource distribution, conflicts over who gets to live where and for how long, and clashing principles of governance and law. For centuries, the dominant views on this issue have been strongly shaped by ideas of both race and place. But just as important, who is permitted to ask, and answer this question?
This collection examines the changing roles of race and place in the politics of defining Indigenous identities in the Americas. Drawing on case studies of Indigenous communities across North America, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, it is a rare volume to compare Indigenous experience throughout the western hemisphere. The contributors question the vocabulary, legal mechanisms, and applications of science in constructing the identities of Indigenous populations, and consider ideas of nation, land, and tradition in moving indigeneity beyond race.

Genesis of the Project

This latest volume is probably the longest I have worked on any one publication project. It first began to take shape in 2006, as an effort exclusively focused on race, motivated by recognition of the fact that there were no volumes, treating the Americas as a whole, that compared and contrasted different ideas and applications of race in the definition of Indigenous identity. This was the basis for the first symposium in 2006, “Indigeneity and Race: ‘Blood Politics’ and the ‘Nature’ of Indigenous Identity,” organized under the auspices of the Canadian Anthropology Society’s annual conference, held at Concordia University on May 13, 2006. The same theme carried over into a following seminar, “Who Is an Indian? Race, Blood, DNA, and the Politics of Indigeneity in the Americas” involving 14 participants and hosted at the Clarion Hotel in Montreal, August 2-5, 2007, with the support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. However, as a result of the discussions held at the second symposium, we came to the realization that race alone could not be the exclusive subject of our concerns in addressing who people have historically answered the question, “who is an Indian.” The role of place, land, and territoriality, and resistance to neoliberalism, figured prominently in a number of the papers to the extent that we concluded that both race and place should be our dual, framing concepts.

The original impetus for this project came from a very particular context of concern. My research in the Caribbean alerted me to the extent to which notions of “purity,” “blood,” and lately even DNA analysis came to figure prominently not just as ways of ascribing Indigenous identities, but also as means of claiming them in light of widespread, categorical assertions by colonial rulers and scholars that these peoples had vanished. To my surprise, similar politics of identity were being instituted in North America—indeed, the interest in DNA studies had spread from the U.S. to the Caribbean, and in North America as well I found a concern with blood, purity, and the stigma faced by “Black Indians” who were being rejected as claimants to Cherokee citizenship. In Canada, First Nations residents carry cards indicating what degree of Indigenous “blood” they possess. Also in Canada, I repeatedly hear Euro-Canadians refer to this or that Aboriginal figure as “not a real Indian…he looks white”. (I had encountered similar purist prejudices during my years in Australia, directed at some of the most prominent Aboriginal activists who, phenotypically and superficially appeared to be “mixed” if not “almost white”.) If race, blood, and DNA were so prevalent, could we find similar concerns spread out across all of the Americas? If so, why? If not, why not? Are race, blood, and DNA essentially the same thing? These were the very first, seemingly very simple questions that led to the emergence of this project.

Taking together all stages of this project, it included a total of as many as 21 scholars from across the Americas and from across the disciplines, only some of whom appear in this volume. In particular I would like to thank and acknowledge the advice, support, varying degrees of participation and interest, and correspondence of individuals who were involved at different stages of the project, including: Kimberly Tallbear, José Barreiro, Phil Bellfy, Marisol de la Cadena, Alice and Dennis Bartels, and the late Melissa Meyer who sadly for us passed away mid-way through the development of this project. We also benefited from the participation of Indigenous scholars, who comprised half the number of participants in the overall project. With an immense amount of research and writing taking place in the U.S., there was often a tendency to have greater American representation, more than Canadian, Latin American, and least of all, from the Caribbean. The result of this struggle, the constant revision and reinterpretation, we hope will offer some critical insights into the processes of making “race” out of (or against) Indigenous identity and the role of “place” in debates about Indigenous identity. The final product strikes some geographic balance, with two chapters on Canadian cases, two dealing with American Indians, two focused on Central America and the Caribbean, and two pertaining to South America.

What about DNA Testing?

The previous concern with DNA, represented by as many as four participants early on in the project, largely diminished and then vanished altogether, especially when we no longer had the same participants as in earlier stages of the project. This is not to say that DNA debates are absent in the volume as a whole, but rather that they no longer structure the volume as a leading focus, which in any case would be more relevant to the North American situation than elsewhere. Yet even that is not entirely accurate, as the use of DNA testing to determine Indigenous ancestry has traveled to Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and to my great surprise to the very community I studied for four years in Trinidad & Tobago, as the result of the work a team from the Molecular Anthropology lab at Pennsylvania State University and the National Geographic Genographic Project. In the past, similar studies have also been conducted among the Garifuna in Central America and recently in St. Vincent & the Grenadines, in the latter case again by the Penn State team.

Sidebar on U.S. "Science": DNA Testing for Indigeneity Comes to Trinidad
DNA testing comes in for severe questioning and criticism in the volume, and I would also add here to my public objections to the DNA research done in Trinidad. Aside from the more than just questionable merits of using genetics to prove cultural identities and political constructs such as tribal affiliations, I also pointed out that, "given the harvesting of biometric data by U.S. universities with research ties to the Pentagon, there is always the risk that this information could be put to uses of which the Caribs are unaware." Indeed, one of the researchers involved in the Trinidad DNA study, Jada Benn-Torres, from a military family, has conducted research in the field funded by the U.S. Department of Defense. I cannot see any reasonable purpose for conducting the study in Trinidad, as the local Carib community has been officially recognized for decades, and is not possessed by any self-doubts of their identity. Indeed, not all of the Caribs in Arima chose to participate in the study, which raises more questions about the extent to which those examined are representative of the community as a whole, and thus places in doubt even the basic scientific merits of the study. What has also not been made known is what is the ultimate purpose of the research, where the information is stored and for how long, and who has access to the database.

The Historical Importance of a Bad Question

The collaboration that produced this volume through much iteration has been focused on what is arguably one of the worst questions to be posed to or against Indigenous Peoples ("Who is an Indian?"), one that ultimately calls on them to give an account of themselves, for being who they are in the light of foreign invasions and occupations. It’s as if being who they are is a problem, and furthermore, it is a problem that they caused. Worse yet, they may not even be who they think they are.

As with all bad questions, one can expect to get a lot of bad answers. So why address such a question, going as far as making it the leading question of this project? The answer is simple: the question, however one may assess its epistemological qualities, is a politically important question (the most important perhaps), an institutionalized question, a governing question that structures people’s lives, their access to resources, and even their self-perceptions. It is also a key historical question, one that continues to be asked repeatedly, and one that will inevitably lose relevance. That this question has been raised across the Americas, in different forms (substituting, as the case may be, any number of cognate or tribal labels in the place of “Indian”), is due to a shared history of colonization and state-building and the dominance of European theories of citizenship, nationhood, race, and identity. Here we can start to look beyond the constraints and limitations of that question and in seeing past the constraints imposed today by states.

It was not the intention of the contributors of the volume to either advance academic expertise as the ultimate arbiter of Indigenous identities, to provide an easy-to-follow menu for “accurately determining” who is Indigenous, or to provide advice that caters to the functioning of government bureaucracies and their micro-management of Indigenous affairs. Our greater concern was with the politics that work to preserve the dominance of a “bad question,” a very “bad” and yet historically very important question: “Who is an Indian”? Our hope is that readers will come away from this effort with a determination to ask better questions—better in the sense of being more analytically productive and with implications that are more socially just and fair. Among the questions we would like to see posed are those that posit indigeneity as a historically specific type of relationality, that involve issues of power and affectivity, without searching for the elusive “one size fits all” solution. If, however, we overcame the stigmatization of being Indigenous only to then treat it as a category implying “privilege” and uniquely demanding “proof” of belonging, then we will not have gone far past the point of endorsing extinction.

Setting the Stage: Some Opening Quotes to Remember

“When they get off the boat, they didn’t recognize us. They said: ‘Who are you?’ And we said: ‘We’re the People, we’re the Human Beings,’ and they said: ‘Oh Indians,’ because they didn’t recognize what it meant to be a human being. ‘I’m a Human Being, this is the name of my tribe, this is the name of my people, but I’m a human being.’ But the predatory mentality shows up and starts calling us ‘Indians’ and committing genocide against us as a vehicle of erasing the memory of being a human being….Even in our own communities, how many of us are fighting to protect our identity of being an Indian, and 600 years ago that word, ‘Indian,’ that sound was never made in this hemisphere—that sound [‘Indian’], that noise, was never ever made! Ever. We’re trying to protect that as an identity, see, so it affects all of us”. —John Trudell, Lakota poet and activist. 
“It is one of the many ironies of the American experience that the invaders created the category of Indians, imposed it on the inhabitants of the New World, and have been trying to abolish it ever since”. —David Maybury-Lewis, co-founder of Cultural Survival. 
“There’s tremendous racism in Peru. In Lima, brown people, the descendants of Indigenous people, try to live as white as possible. That’s because of the influence of the media and government. If you embrace your Indian-ness, you’re shunned. You’re less than a third-class person. It’s an insult to call someone an Indian. It’s the equivalent of calling someone stupid”. —Benjamin Bratt, actor. 
“The question of my identity often comes up. I think I must be a mixed blood. I claim to be male, although only one of my parents is male”. 
—Jimmie Durham, Cherokee artist. “What does part Indian mean? (Which part?)….you don’t get 50% or 25% or 16% treatment when you experience racism—it is always l00%”. —Joane Cardinal-Schubert.

Contents

Preface, pages vii-ix

Introduction: “Who Is an Indian?” The Cultural Politics of a Bad Question, pages 3-51 Maximilian C. Forte (Concordia University, Sociology and Anthropology)


In this chapter I discuss the genesis, multiple meaning and historical applications of this "bad question," across the Americas. In the process I also defend the thesis that the Americas as a whole serve as the appropriate unit for analysis in understanding the colonial, "scientific," ideological, and (geo)political efforts to define Indigenous identities. While I outline how the racialization of indigeneity spread across imperial domains in the Americas, I also examine the centrality of place, of territoriality, and how place also intersects race. I discuss the emergence of "Indian" as a racial construct, and from there I proceed to build the larger theoretical and analytical narrative which the various chapters help to form. Who is the "real Indian" and issues of "race mixture" and the impact of slavery and the plantation system in North and South America and the Caribbean forms one level of analysis. Another has to do with kinship and science, with blood, DNA, and how these relate to ideas of "race purity." Going beyond "blood quantum" and race, I provide some context and the wider debate around the critically important contribution by Julia Coates in this volume, on the always timely issue of the Freedmen and the Cherokee Nation. Debates around self-identification, and tribal politics, progress toward a discussion of the many cases of "Indian non-Indians" and "Non-Indian Indians". Finally I end with an overview of the problems involved with "recognition", with some discussion of the geopolitics of recognition and then, pointing toward the Conclusion, looking beyond the politics of recognition.

Chapter One Inuitness and Territoriality in Canada, pages 53-70 Donna Patrick (Carleton University, Sociology and Anthropology and the School of Canadian Studies)


“The question of who counts as Aboriginal [in Canada],” explains Donna Patrick (this volume), “has long been linked to the question of who owns traditional Aboriginal lands”. Patrick’s chapter explores “the question of categorizing Indigeneity in Canada by examining the linguistic, political, and judicial processes associated with the notions of territory, ancestry, and belonging that shape Indigeneity today,” with a focus on the Inuit in Canada, situated within a broader analysis of Aboriginal identity in Canada. “Inuitness” in Canada, as Patrick tells us, followed a different trajectory from that of First Nations, in that the construction of Inuit identity has been guided not just by state policy but by Inuit attachments to both land and language. In Patrick’s chapter we learn that for the Inuit “the notion of ‘territoriality’ operates together with the notion of ancestry” in shaping the identities of Inuit living in urban centres of the Canadian South as much as those living in the Arctic. Donna Patrick observes that Indigenous ideas of identity in early colonial Canada “had little to do with race, biology, or ethnicity” and that Indigenous Peoples in fact demonstrated in practice that they were guided by a “notion of inclusivity” whose existence “has been supported by numerous accounts of Euro-American settlers and soldiers being accepted and adopted into First Nations groups”. While Patrick argues that we do not see in Canada a dominant discourse about the bio-politics of Indigenous identities to the same extent that we find in the U.S., she admits that a “‘covert’ or de facto blood quantum” has been part of policies governing Aboriginal, and in particular First Nations, peoples.

Chapter Two Federally-Unrecognized Indigenous Communities in Canadian Contexts, pages 71-91 Bonita Lawrence (York University, Equity Studies)


In her chapter Bonita Lawrence points out the cases of First Nations that span the Canada-U.S. border, where for example “the Passamaquoddy Nation of New Brunswick, or the Sinixt Nation, in British Columbia, have federal recognition in the United States but not in Canada,” which underscores the arbitrary, shifting, and inconsistent standards used by states to “appraise” indigeneity, as Lawrence argues. Bonita Lawrence explores identity issues among two federally-unrecognized groups—the Algonquins of Eastern Ontario and the Mi’kmaqs of Newfoundland—which have been the subject of her research for the last decade, providing a window into how the Canadian state produces unrecognized Aboriginals. As she explains, “most federally-unrecognized bands or nations are created by the nature of the treaty process itself,” while other bands are federally-unrecognized “because Canada has refused to honour historic relationships or has disregarded the traditional boundaries of Indigenous nations”. The primary means for such communities to gain federal recognition, to legally become Aboriginal again, is to assert Aboriginal title through the courts (if there is a treaty governing particular territory), or as Lawrence outlines in her chapter, “to take part in the comprehensive claims process if no treaty has been signed in the territory”. Otherwise, federally-unrecognized Indigenous peoples are “incorporated simply as ‘citizens’ within the wider nation-state dominated by settlers”.

Chapter Three The Canary in the Coalmine: What Sociology Can Learn from Ethnic Identity Debates among American Indians, pages 92-123 Eva Marie Garroutte (Boston College, Sociology) and C. Matthew Snipp (Stanford University, Sociology)


Eva Marie Garroutte and Matthew Snipp in their chapter in this volume titled, “The Canary in the Coalmine: What Sociology Can Learn from Ethnic Identity Debates among American Indians,” devote considerable attention to debating the racialization of indigeneity. As just one example of the kinds of interests vested in the non-recognition of “mixed” American Indians, Garroutte and Snipp point to Donald Trump: as a competitor against the newly recognized Pequots, and their plans to open a casino, he produced a definition of “who is an Indian” in phenotypical terms: “they don’t look like Indians to me. They don’t look like Indians to Indians,” injecting his racial bias by further calling them “Michael Jordan Indians”. This is useful in showing how ultimately one of the most common ways of assigning Indigenous identity in the Americas is focused on appearance, and where racial discourses prevail, a specific type of appearance: phenotype. Garroutte and Snipp  also discuss some of the additional, problematic conceptual issues raised by the quantification of identity, which can apply to both genetic testing and blood quantum. Quantification establishes distance as a prerequisite for measurement, “with the corollary that, at some point, individuals’ connection to American Indian forebears becomes exhausted”. Quantification of identity presupposes distance, and tends toward disappearance. It raises physical standards about ideational and subjective identities, even as it creates new subjectivities around the use of scientific resources. The right to measure involves a power to erase, just as the power to speak for Indigenous peoples, and to assign their identities, is the power to silence them, permanently. The two case studies at the focus of their chapter, the Mashantucket Pequots and Kennewick Man, make for highly engaging and illuminating reading.

Chapter Four “This Sovereignty Thing”: Nationality, Blood, and the Cherokee Resurgence, pages 124-150 Julia Coates (University of California Davis, Native American Studies)


Julia Coates strongly and productively challenges a number of prominent, published perspectives that have been critical of definitions of Cherokee identity by the Tribal Nation’s government. Coates argues that legal definitions are often overlooked in discussions of indigeneity, while race and culture gain greater attention. Yet, as she explains, many tribal governments in the U.S. regard legal definitions, not as artificially imposed from external colonizing institutions, but as internally achieved definitions of nationality and their sovereign statuses. While the Cherokee Nation’s lack of cultural requirements are frequently not understood by non-Indians and derided by other tribal nations, the Cherokee Nation has continued to assert that nationality derived from their specific history of tribal citizenship is a more inclusive category for contemporary times than race or cultural markers. This is almost a reversal of arguments criticizing the Tribal Nation’s exclusion of certain persons. Based on interviews with what Coates calls “a particularly challenging group of Cherokee nationals,” the 60 percent of the citizenry living outside the tribal core in northeastern Oklahoma, her chapter examines the potential of nationality as a basis for self-identification for those in the Cherokee diaspora, and the role the concept of citizen plays in the contemporary Cherokee resurgence. Coates points to problems with a debate that “focuses on identity construction as located in race, heritage, DNA, and cultural attributes and expressions” and that leave out law and sovereignty. She says that one reason why the cultural, racial, and ethnic aspects of identity may be the primary sites for investigation and discussion, for many Indigenous Peoples is the fact that many of them are not formally organized into nominally sovereign political entities with an internal jurisdiction. Speaking of academics, Coates suggest that one reason most academics seem to differ from tribal governments’ rigid determinations of citizenship, is that academics tend to be more inclusive in their view of who is an American Indian, not wanting to serve as identity police and imposing definitions of Indigenous identity on Natives. Her emphasis is on nationality as a potential for retention and resurgence (or what some call resilience), rather than simply acting as a colonialist mechanism of control and exclusion.

Chapter Five Locating Identity: The Role of Place in Costa Rican Chorotega Identity, pages 151-171 Karen Stocker (California State University, Anthropology)


Designating a special place as the locus of persons with an Indigenous identity can be a way for an assimilationist state, one that historically rejected the Indigenous presence as in the case of Costa Rica, to create the illusion that indigeneity is minimal and marginal. As Karen Stocker explains in her chapter in this volume, in Chorotega some residents of what later became the reservation opposed reservation status given their “tremendous resentment at being the only community in the region officially designated as Indigenous when the whole area had Indigenous roots, and aversion to the stigma attached to Indigenous identity in a country that often projected an image of whiteness and European heritage”. The Costa Rican government’s imposition of an Indigenous identity on residents of Chorotega was a convenient way of removing that label from everyone else who resided outside of that particular place, using the assigned indigeneity of some to reassure others of their Europeanness. Karen Stocker’s chapter, based on ethnographic research carried out between 1993 and 2007, addresses how various residents of the Chorotega reservation, those who live just outside the reservation, scholars, legal discourse, historical discourse, those who have resided or studied in other Costa Rican reservations and, more recently, the tourism industry have “defined Indigenous identity in contradictory ways, and in manners that have had varying consequences for those labeled as Chorotega in Costa Rica”. She addresses the history and impact of these multiple competing definitions. Stocker traces the ways in which “one set of customs has gone from Indigenous to non-Indigenous, national custom, and back again, as a result of the shifting of discourses around it”. Stocker spotlights what she finds to be “a common thread through all of these definitions and interpretations of indigeneity,” and that is “the role of place, and how the same concept that mired inhabitants of the Chorotega reservation in discrimination now serves to authenticate its practices”.

Chapter Six Carib Identity, Racial Politics, and the Problem of Indigenous Recognition in Trinidad and Tobago, pages 172-193 Maximilian C. Forte (Concordia University, Anthropology)


My own chapter in this volume, based on four years of ethnographic research and ethnohistoric research dating to early colonial times, shares some features similar to both those by Donna Patrick and Karen Stocker. On the one hand, the state’s recognition of only one single, organized Indigenous community in just one of Trinidad’s 16 former mission towns—the Santa Rosa Carib Community in Arima, on the island of Trinidad—makes it seem, however implausibly, that indigeneity was somehow contained and delimited (which instead reflects the state’s bias in how indigeneity ought to be controlled and secluded). On the other hand, in articulating their own indigenous identity, members of the Carib Community point to a multitude of factors, beyond but including race, to include a history of residence in Arima. The structure of this chapter follows three basic lines of argument: first, that the political economy of the British colony dictated and cemented racializations of identity. Second, the process of ascribing Indigenous identities to individuals was governed by the economic rights attached to residents of missions, rights which were cut off from any miscegenated offspring. There were thus political and economic interests vested in the non-recognition of Caribs, and race provided the most convenient justification—a justification that took the form of a narrative of extinction. Third, over a century later, while racial notions of identity persist, current Carib self-identifications stress indigeneity as a cultural heritage, an attachment to place, a body of practices, and recognition of ancestral ties that often circumvent explicitly racial schemes of self-definition. State recognition of the Caribs occurs within this historical and cultural context, and therefore imposes limits and conditions that simultaneously create new forms of non-recognition.

Chapter Seven Encountering Indigeneity: The International Funding of Indigeneity in Peru, pages 194-217 José Antonio Lucero (University of Washington, The Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies)


As José Antonio Lucero explains in this volume, “blood” is already incorporated in national ideologies of race-mixture, and is not specific and particular enough to be used as part of the regimes of identifying the Indigenous. As Lucero adds, “in a region where ‘everyone’ has native blood, but not everyone is ‘Indian’ the social category and social fact of Indianness rely, necessarily, less on biology or blood than on the intersecting socio-cultural workings of politics, language, place, class, and gender”. More specifically, Lucero's chapter takes the work of Oxfam America as the focus of his case study, as it has been among “the earliest funders of Indigenous activism”. His chapter examines two different moments in the interactive process of legitimation between organizations such as Oxfam America and Indigenous political organizations in Peru, “as actors on both sides of the development encounter shape discourses over the meanings of development and indigeneity across local and global scales”. The “geopolitics of recognition” is what Lucero conceptualizes as regimes of indigeneity that span local, national and global scales. Lucero discusses how Indigenous people throughout the Americas (and beyond) have often found it inevitable, and sometimes useful, to engage a variety of legal, economic, and political systems. “Since the first contacts with missionaries,” he writes, “the state, and agents of global capital, Indigenous people have found that new systems of domination are not without points of entry within which they can contest the very terms of domination,” and in the present context, “the rising importance of non-state actors in the wake of aggressive neoliberal economic reforms (which shrank already weak states) provided an additional set of opportunities that Indigenous people have been able to use” (Lucero, this volume). However, one of the problems for Indigenous actors bound in relationships with external agencies is that the reconstruction of indigeneity that results is often Janus-faced, where “some discourses are for external consumption and have little to do with the lived ‘social fact’ of indigeneity at the local level”.

Chapter Eight The Color of Race: Indians and Progress in a Center-Left Brazil, pages 218-223 Jonathan Warren (University of Washington, International Studies, Chair of Latin American Studies)


Jonathan Warren begins by telling us that "since the 1990s a large number of Brazilian Indigenous communities have been federally recognized, successfully acquired land, established their own schools, and achieved a higher degree of autonomy and self-determination. Furthermore, anti-Indian violence is no longer condoned by the Brazilian government; racism has been officially acknowledged; race-cognizant government policies, such as affirmative action, have replaced race-neutral ones; and a number of antiracist commissions and initiatives have been established at federal, state and municipal levels. Finally, the first centre-left politicians in Brazilian history, Luiz Ignacio Lula da Silva (2003–2010) and Dilma Rousseff (2011–present), both of the Workers’ Party, have controlled the executive branch of government for almost a decade. Given these substantial changes, one could be forgiven for expecting a positive report on the state of Indigenous affairs in contemporary Brazil. Unfortunately, the outlook is rather dim. Perhaps most surprising is that many of the culprits are from the centre-left, namely the Workers’ Party, social scientists, and sectors of the movimento negro". Jonathan Warren’s chapter reveals to us that in Brazil, the racial question, and thus conceptions of antiracism—like much of “critical race studies,” he adds—simply removes the Indian from analysis, as if Indian subjectivities were entirely irrelevant. A key example of how this has occurred in critical race studies comes from Howard Winant’s very own analysis of racism in Brazil, which singles out Africans. This is odd, as Warren finds, given that as many as a third of Brazilians have some Indian ancestry. As Warren explains in this volume, Brazilian Indians are removed from the racial question in Brazil: “race is reduced to a question of blackness”. Indeed, throughout Latin America, Warren sees that Indigenous peoples are “not considered germane to race matters,” and quoting Peter Wade he adds: “the virtually unquestioned assumptions [prevails] that the study of blacks is one of racism and race relations, while the study of Indians is that of ethnicity and ethnic groups”. Warren also shows that phenotype is present in Brazilian estimations of “authentic” and “real” Indigenous identities, with those who have African and European features routinely dismissed as “racial charlatans,” in ways that echo experiences both in the U.S. and the Caribbean. Warren’s chapter is critical to this volume’s contention that race is a problem that needs to be studied in connection with indigeneity, not apart from it. His argument is critical not only for developing critical race studies, but also for political practice: the antiracist movement in Brazil cannot be just a Black movement.

ConclusionSeeing Beyond the State and Thinking beyond the State of Sight, pages 234-241 Maximilian C. Forte (Concordia University, Sociology and Anthropology)


Rather than restating or summarizing the contents of this volume, the Conclusion helps to sketch some of the ways in which critical Indigenous perspectives have sought to develop alternative ideas and practices of indigeneity and indigenization. In a hemisphere which sees, in most cases, Indigenous Peoples moving to cities, and an increased decoupling of indigeneity and territoriality, along with the incursion of the industrialization of ethnic ascription--the commerce in genetic identities--these issues become especially important. The volume closes with a sharp reminder of why "Who is an Indian?" is a bad question that produces even worse answers, and what our task as intellectuals ought to be when confronted with such questions.

Contributors, pages 243-246
Index, pages 247-254

A Little About the Contributors

Julia M. Coates (Cherokee Nation, Tahlequah, Oklahoma) is presently at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her title is Senior Writer/ Oral Interviewer in American Indian History for the Center for Oral History Research of the Charles Young Research Library. At the time of writing she was an assistant professor in the Department of Native American Studies at the University of California, Davis. Her research interests cover Native American diasporas, history, identity, women, and politics. She has conducted participant-observation fieldwork with hundreds of Cherokee citizens in California, Texas, and New Mexico. Coates also helped to form numerous Cherokee community organizations throughout California and in other states. For over six years, she was the project director and lead instructor for the award-winning Cherokee Nation history course, which brought her into personal contact with most of the employees of the Cherokee Nation, along with thousands of Cherokees in northeastern Oklahoma communities and throughout the country. She also serves on the Tribal Council of the Cherokee Nation as its “At Large” representative. At UC Davis she teaches the Introduction to Native American Studies as well as classes on race, women, development and history within Native America.

Eva Marie Garroutte (Cherokee Nation) is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology at Boston College. She has a background of research and publication related to the study of Native American issues, health and aging, racial/ethnic identity, and religion. She is the author of the influential book Real Indians: Identity and the Survival of Native America (University of California Press) and various articles in sociological and health-related journals. In collaboration with Cherokee Nation Health Services, she has conducted a series of research projects funded by the National Institute on Aging to examine medical communication needs among American Indian elders using tribal clinics. Her current service on editorial advisory boards includes the Journal of Native Aging and Health, American Indian Quarterly, and the University of Arizona Press series Critical Issues in Indigenous Studies. She is a past Area Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Bonita Lawrence (Mi’kmaw) is an associate professor at the School of Social Sciences of the Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies at York University in Toronto, Canada, where she teaches Indigenous Studies and anti-racism. Her research and publications have focused primarily on urban, non-status, and Métis identities, federally unrecognized Aboriginal communities, and Indigenous justice. She is the author of “Real” Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native People and Indigenous Nationhood (UBC Press), and co-editor of Strong Women’s Stories: Native Vision and Community Survival, a collection of Native women’s scholarly and activist writing (Sumach Press). She is a traditional singer who sings with groups in Kingston and Toronto at Native social and political gatherings.

José Antonio Lucero is an assistant professor in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, at the University of Washington in Seattle. He is the author of Struggles of Voice: The Politics of Indigenous Representation in the Andes (University of Pittsburgh Press) and the editor of Beyond the Lost Decade: Indigenous Movements, Democracy, and Development in Latin America (Princeton University Program in Latin American Studies). He teaches courses on government, politics, and social movements in Latin America, among others. His research interests focus on comparative politics, Latin American politics, democratization, social movements, and the politics of race and ethnicity.

Donna Patrick is professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology and the School of Canadian Studies at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. Her current SSHRC-funded research focuses on multiliteracies, identity, and community-building among urban Inuit in Ottawa. Her other interests lie in the broader area of Indigeneity and urban Aboriginality in Canada, as well as in the political, social, and cultural aspects of language use, with a focus on language endangerment discourse and Aboriginal languages in Canada. Her 2003 book, Language Politics and Social Interaction in an Inuit Community (Mouton de Gruyter), examines these issues in Arctic Quebec. She teaches courses in language, culture, and power and in Aboriginal and northern issues, with a focus on the Arctic. In teaching and research, Donna approaches the study of Aboriginal issues, language, and discourse through an interdisciplinary lens, focusing on historical, geographical, and social processes.

C. Matthew Snipp is a professor in the Department of Sociology at Stanford University where, among other positions, he has been the director of the Center for Comparative Studies of Race and Ethnicity. He teaches courses in contemporary and historical American Indian Studies as well as rural sociology. He is the author of American Indians: The First of the Land (The Russell Sage Foundation, New York), which was selected as an academic book of the year by CHOICE.

Karen Stocker is an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at California State University, Fullerton. She is a scholar of applied anthropology with interests in education, the social constructions of race and ethnicity, language, and Latin American ethnography. She is the author of “I Won’t Stay Indian, I’ll Keep Studying”: Race, Place and Discrimination in a Costa Rican High School (Colorado University Press).

Jonathan W. Warren is an associate professor in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington in Seattle, where he is also the director of the Latin American and Caribbean Contributors Studies Program. Within the broad area of critical race studies he has focused on Whiteness, racism literacy, racial identity formations, and the links between everyday practices and racism in the U.S. and Brazil. He is the author of the highly regarded book Racial Revolutions: Antiracism and Indian Resurgence in Brazil (Duke University Press).

...and myself.

          First Peoples Lament Scarcity of Timite Palm.        
First Peoples lament scarcity of Timite palm.
By Heather-Dawn Herrera
Trinidad and Tobago Express | Aug 7, 2013 at 10:42 PM ECT

"Many of us only see the Timite palm when its leaves cover the roof of the Benab of the First Peoples. To locate growing Timite you have to travel to such areas as Tapana and Matura where there is soil that is poorly drained and swampy. This is the true habitat of the Timite manicaria saccifera
The leaves of the Timite are harvested by our First Peoples to thatch their Benab, a large conical hut or shelter used as a meeting place.

"Cristo Adonis, Pyai of the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community, formerly known as the Santa Rosa Carib Community, has been harvesting Timite leaves since younger days.

“Sankarali Trace in Tapana was always the place where Timite grew profusely. The wet soil conditions supported an abundance of this palm. Some people wonder why we use the Timite and not carat as other groups do.

"The Timite leaf is one of the largest in the palm species. This means that it covers a wider area and you use less leaves as a result. It is also preferred because of its durability, coolness and water proofing.

"This is an example of how the First Peoples practise sustainable use of their natural environment. When we harvest the Timite, we collect the larger leaves on the outside, then a few of the younger leaves closer on the inside. The younger leaves are used for the top of the Benab and the larger for the sides. We do not harvest all the small leaves because you need to leave them for the palm to continue healthy growth. We clear away the vines that might be threatening to fester the palm. Again, this is our way of living sustainably.”

"What Adonis and the other men of the community now find when they go to harvest the Timite is that there is an alarming scarcity.


DESTROYED: Quarrying has destroyed much of the natural vegetation of Tapana. 
—Photo: Heather-Dawn Herrera

“We now have to search further for the Timite because most of the areas where this palm used to flourish are now being quarried on a large scale. We also find that not only quarrying is causing the destruction of these habitats but an influx of ad hoc gardens. People have entered the area and cut down large tracts of native vegetation. Permits are issued to us by the Forestry Division to harvest the Timite but I doubt that these gardeners get permission to use the land in like manner.

"What these people don’t know is that when they clear these areas, this leads to the drying out of these habitats. The resident vegetation cannot survive in drained soil. They need swampy conditions for successful growth. We now see a scarcity of the Timite. We see one Cocorite palm here and there fighting to survive but of the Timite, there has been significant loss.

"Timite grows by the seed and if there are no bearing trees to disperse seed into the water for new plants to grow then this is the beginning of the end for this palm that is so important to us First Peoples. It takes three years for the Timite to be mature enough for harvesting and six years for us to get those really large leaves

"Twenty five acres of land have been returned to the First Peoples by the State. This land is in an area where the eco-systems are vastly different from that that supports growth of the Timite. We therefore cannot transfer the Timite to this area because it would disturb the balance of the hilly natural environment.

"What might be possible and more feasible is for the State to grant us at least five acres of land at Tapana where we can maintain a thriving Timite plantation. We see this as saving that part of our landscape from certain desertification, preventing the total disappearance of the Timite palm, and ensuring the continuity of our intangible heritage.”

“Some people don’t care about maintaining a clean environment. They are making the Tapana area the alternative dump to that of Guanapo. It is shameful to meet all types of garbage dumped along the roadway into the area. We need to preserve this part of Trinidad and not destroy it.

"When these habitats have been destroyed and the Timite has been lost forever, then the First Peoples way of life will be seriously impacted. The art of sewing the Timite for thatching is not generally known outside the community and we are in the process of passing this information on to those who are interested. This is all part of our intangible heritage and we fear that this might soon be lost if the present rate of destruction of landscapes continues.”

          EL OPIO VERDE        
Por Julio Arturo COUOH

La gran mayoría de los ojos mediáticos y de los aficionados está puesta en lo que hará la selección mexicana varonil en San Pedro Sula, en contra de Honduras. Una apuesta de bajo nivel futbolístico, pero de gran potencialidad en pingues ganancias.
Podríamos decir que tanto en esta eliminatoria como en la eventual calificación a la siguiente ronda millones están en juego, y es que a nivel selección, Concacaf se ha convertido en un auténtico casino, mientras que a nivel clubes, lo es la participación de los representantes del balompié azteca en la Conmebol.
En cuanto a amistosos, es preferible jugar en Estados Unidos, donde sin lugar a dudas y en cualquier lugar que se presente el tricolor, es un hecho que los aficionados mexicanos que residen al otro lado dejarán lo poco o mucho que puedan traer en sus carteras en las arcas de Soccer United Marketing (la compañía operativa que maneja la promoción de la selección) y por ende en la Federación Mexicana de Fútbol.
Aunque ahora resulta un poco más complicado ante el hecho de la crisis que ha causado estragos globalmente, e inclusive ha hecho que se tomen decisiones en organismos como la propia Femexfut para fijar los contratos de los jugadores en pesos y no dólares, como ya se había estandarizado.
Mucho se habla de Nery, de los “europeos” o los que militan en el extranjero, de que si Ericksson fue la elección correcta o resultó precipitada, de que si se calificará realmente a la siguiente fase hexagonal para llegar a Sudáfrica 2010, aunque también se encuentra un fantasma que continuamente reaparece.
Ese es el fantasma de los tristemente célebres premundiales de Haití, cuando se perdió por goliza ante Trinidad y Tobago, o el de principios de los 80’, en aquella eliminatoria celebrada en Honduras, cuando no se pudo llegar a España 82.
Los antecedentes los hay y el fantasma se esconde, se pasea entre las redacciones de los diferentes diarios, entre las ondas hertzianas, entre los tonos primarios en amarillo, magenta y cyan de las señales televisivas.
Se habla de ello, pero no se desea, así de sencillo. Pero, por el otro lado se encuentra un capítulo del que muy poco se habla, especialmente cuando se trata de balompié femenil, al ver los grandes retos que con no mucho presupuesto tratan de afrontar los entrenadores Leonardo Cuellar y Andrea Rodebaugh.
Independientemente de los resultados y en sus proporciones respectivas, ambos (Rodenbaugh y Cuellar) son ejemplos de continuidad en un camino largo y quizá mucho más difícil que el de la selección mayor, en la que sin lugar a dudas hay mayores intereses de por medio, a cargo de las televisoras y de las firmas patrocinadoras.
No es mucho lo que se maneja en torno al hecho de que en cuestión de días se llevará a cabo el mundial femenil Sub-20 en territorio chileno, hacia donde partirá un equipo mexicano en cuyas filas se encuentra una jugadora oriunda de Baja California, como es el caso de Inglis Hernández.

          Inter-American Church Strengthens Special Needs Ministries with First Territory-Wide Congress for the Hearing Impaired        
More than two hundred deaf persons, interpreters, and special needs ministries directors from across the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Inter-America gathered for the first territory-wide Congress for the Hearing Impaired.

More than two hundred deaf persons, interpreters, and special needs ministries directors from across the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Inter-America gathered for the first territory-wide Congress for the Hearing Impaired.

The five-day event, held at Montemorelos University in North Mexico in July, sought to reassure deaf members and friends that they are valuable to God and the church, and provided training to church leaders on strengthening special needs ministries in churches and communities.

“Disabilities are not a problem for God, because God is the Creator of all of us and gives us abilities,” said Pastor Samuel Telemaque, Special Needs Ministries director for the church in Inter-America, as he addressed some 150 deaf persons in the audience. “Those abilities you have, the church needs today.”

The congress, in collaboration with the church in North Mexico and Montemorelos University, was part of Inter-America’s long-term initiative to bolster special needs ministries across the territory since it was established four years ago, said Telemaque.

“The church in Inter-America is moving beyond awareness to create a new paradigm to help people with disabilities to appreciate their value and understand who they are in the sight of God, as they take active part in the growth of the church,” explained Telemaque.

Pastor Larry Evans, special needs ministries director for the Adventist world church, spoke during the training event and restated that “the ministry is not about disabilities but about possibilities for those with special needs.”

Evans applauded the work of the church in North Mexico for their advocacy of special needs ministries with the local government and across hundreds of churches. He also spoke highly of Montemorelos University for offering a course in interpreting to students and ensuring that every deaf student on campus is able to understand each class they take.

“We should begin at every Adventist university to involve students in the special needs ministries,” said Evans. He also praised the work in Inter-America for being exemplary in special needs ministries around the world church.

Monica Vera is an interpreter and has been employed by Montemorelos University to teach students to sign and assist deaf students on campus and outreach activities in the community. She was delighted to coordinate the event and provide activities to deaf persons and more training to her interpreter students and church leaders, spreading the word that the Seventh-day Adventist Church is inclusive of all people with disabilities.

“We wanted to train persons with hearing impairment to be evangelists to persons with their same disability and for interpreters to be more skilled and excited to keep working with them,” said Vera.

The 150 deaf attendees from across the church in Mexico took part in fun activities, special lunches, musical performances and a communion service. Three were baptized during the event. In addition, Montemorelos University offered a full scholarship to three deaf persons starting in the upcoming school year.

The congress provided seminars for pastors and leaders on how to develop a culture of special needs in the church, from theology to principle, to values and methods, how to evangelize the deaf in the community, sign language courses for pastors, caregivers, interpreters, and more.

International speakers included Pastor Jeffrey Jordan, associate director of Deaf Ministries for the Adventist world church and Taida Rovero, Director of Deaf Ministries in Spain.

Church leaders from Costa Rica, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Jamaica, Honduras, Colombia, Spain, and the United States took part in the event.

Francisco Javier Diaz, who is the national lay coordinator of the Adventist Deaf Ministry in Mexico, taught many to sign and perform the hymns he interpreted on video during the congress. He works as an interpreter for the deaf in Chiapas, Mexico, and is proud that the Adventist Church is moving forward in involving the hearing impaired in the life of the church. Diaz has also translated the Faith of Jesus in sign language and trains church members to use sign language back home.

Attendees brought up resolutions and requests for the church regarding strengthening special needs in particular deaf ministries. The requests include a need for a full time worker in every union, more biblical resources for the deaf, and provide experts on sign language, and the like.

Times have changed and the church needs to move forward strengthening special needs ministries, emphasized Telemaque.

“The church has to be committed in integrating the deaf into services and the life of the church,” Telemaque said.

Plans are underway for Inter-America’s Special Needs Congress to be held next year on the campus of the Colombia Adventist University in Medellin, Colombia.

For more information on Inter-America’s Special Needs Ministries visit interamerica.org.

To view a photo album of the event, click HERE.

 

This article was written by Libna Stevens and originally published by the Inter-American Division.

Image Credit: Montemorelos University

 

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          US Beats Trinidad 2-0 In World Cup Qualifying        
Pulisic rescued the United States with a pair of second-half goals, and the Americans beat Trinidad and Tobago 2-0 on Thursday night to move into third place at the halfway point in the final round of World Cup qualifying.
          Communique: Successful conclusion of the ITU/CTU Regional Radiocommunication seminar for the Americas        
Geneva: Jul 25, 2016 - Trinidad and Tobago Forum examined upcoming challenges and opportunities in spectrum usage ...
          2013-2014: CONCACAF Goals in English Leagues        
CONCACAF goal scorers in the top 6 tiers of the English Football League system in the 2013-2014 season.

Format:
Goals - Player (Club: League Tier Level)

Antigua and Barbuda
3 - Kieran Murtagh (Woking: 5)
1 - Dexter Blackstock (Leeds: 2)

Barbados
7 - Louie Soares (Basingstoke: 6)
6 - Neil Harvey (Hednesford: 6)
2 - Emmerson Boyce (Wigan: 2)
2 - Jon Nurse (Barnet: 5)
1 - Jon Nurse (Farnborough: 6)
1 - Louis Moss (Colwyn Bay: 6)
1 - Ed Moss (Colwyn Bay: 6)

Bermuda
14 - Nahki Wells (Bradford: 3)
7 - Nahki Wells (Huddersfield: 2)

Canada
6 - Gavin McCallum (Sutton Utd: 6)
4 - David Hoilett (QPR: 2)
2 - Simeon Jackson (Millwall: 2)
2 - Marcus Haber (Notts County: 3)
2 - Michael Petrasso (Coventry: 3)
2 - Iain Hume (Preston: 3)
1 - Iain Hume (Fleetwood: 4)
1 - Evan James (Tonbridge: 6)

Costa Rica
2 - Bryan Oviedo (Everton: 1)
1 - Bryan Ruiz (Fulham: 1)

Dominica
10 - Richard Pacquette (Maidenhead Utd: 6)

Grenada
3 - Bradley Bubb (Aldershot: 5)
2 - Anthony Straker (Southend: 4)
1 - Leon Johnson (Wycombe: 4)

Guyana
1 - Ricky Shakes (Boreham Wood: 6)

Jamaica
16 - Kevin Lisbie (Leyton: 3)
7 - Jermaine Beckford (Bolton: 2)
6 - Ricardo Fuller (Blackpool: 2)
6 - Deon Burton (Scunthorpe: 4)
5 - Garath McCleary (Reading: 2)
5 - Theo Robinson (Doncaster: 2)
5 - Marcus Bean (Colchester: 2)
5 - Fran Francis (Hednesford: 6)
4 - Simon Dawkins (Derby County: 2)
4 - Marvin Elliott (Bristol City: 3)
3 - Rudolph Austin (Leeds: 2)
3 - Joel Grant (Yeovil: 2)
3 - Jamal Campbell-Ryce (Notts County: 3)
2 - Jobi McAnuff (Reading: 2)
2 - Wes Morgan (Leicester: 2)
2 - Chris Humphrey (Preston: 3)
2 - Darren Byfield (Tamworth: 5)
1 - Adrian Mariappa (Crystal Palace: 1)
1 - Claude Davis (Rotherham: 3)
1 - Marlon King (Sheffield United: 3)
1 - Nyron Nosworthy (Bristol City: 3)
1 - Jamar Loza (Southend: 4)
1 - Cleveland Taylor (Harrogate: 6)

Martinique
3 - Yoann Arquin (Notts County: 3)

Mexico
4 - Javier Hernández (Manchester United: 1)

Montserrat
4 - Alex Dyer (Welling Utd: 5)
1 - Donervon Daniels (Gillingham: 3)

St. Kitts and Nevis
6 - Romaine Sawyers (Walsall: 3)
1 - Callum Willock (Staines: 6)

Trinidad & Tobago
2 - Carlos Edwards (Millwall: 2)
2 - Jason Scotland (Barnsley: 2)
1 - Kenwyne Jones (Cardiff: 1)
1 - Chris Birchall (Port Vale: 3)

United States
3 - Daniel Williams (Reading: 2)
2 - Geoff Cameron (Stoke City: 1)
2 - Jay Denny (Solihull Moors: 6)
1 - Zak Whitbread (Derby: 2)
1 - Jozy Altidore (Sunderland: 1)

          Nicki Minaj Might Get A Whole Country Audited        

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Nicki Minaj’s hometown of Trinidad and Tobago might be facing some serious backlash after spending over 860k on her concert. Expenses for the concert included local advertising costs of $150,000, local culture costs of $26,000, a local fashion show – Read More

The post Nicki Minaj Might Get A Whole Country Audited appeared first on iHipHop.


          Weng macht Gesamtsieg vorzeitig klar         

Die norwegische Skilangläuferin Heidi Weng hat vorzeitig zum ersten Mal den Gesamtweltcup gewonnen. Der 25-Jährigen genügte beim Freistil-Sprint im kanadischen Québec Rang sechs, damit kann sie in der Gesamtwertung vor den letzten beiden Saisonrennen am Samstag und Sonntag nicht mehr eingeholt werden.

Beste Deutsche war Sandra Ringwald (Schonach-Rohrhardsberg) als Zwölfte, es gewann Stina Nilsson (Schweden). Bei den Männern feierte der Kanadier Alex Harvey einen Heimsieg.

Sprint-Weltmeisterin Maiken Caspersen Falla (Norwegen) sicherte sich durch Platz zwei die kleine Kristall-Kugel für den Sprint-Weltcup. Die deutschen Starterinnen enttäuschten mit Ausnahme von Ringwald.

Nicole Fessel (Oberstdorf) als 34. und Victoria Carl (Zella-Mehlis) direkt dahinter verpassten die Qualifikation für die K.o.-Rennen ebenso wie Stefanie Böhler (Ibach) und Hanna Kolb (Buchenberg) auf den Plätzen 38 und 39 sowie Katharina Hennig (Oberwiesenthal) auf Rang 44.

Bei den Männern scheiterten die Distanz-Spezialisten Jonas Dobler (Traunstein/14,46) als 54., Lucas Bögl (Gaißlach/+16,41) als 65. und Thomas Bing (Dermbach/+16,77) als 67. jeweils deutlich. Florian Notz (Römerstein/+26,15) wurde 75. und damit Vorletzter. Langsamer war nur ein Läufer aus Trinidad und Tobago.


          Un ambasador US pentru RO ! (de PostolacheNicolae [anonim])        
Preşedintele american, Barack Obama, l-a nominalizat, pe 24 martie, pe Hans G. Klemm în funcţia de ambasador în România, conform unui comunicat al Casei Albe. Hans G. Klemm, un diplomat de carieră, este consilier al subsecretarului pentru Management la Departamentul de Stat, o funcţie pe care o deţine din ianuarie 2015. Inainte de aceasta data, Hans G. Klemm a ocupat diferite functii si posturi diplomatice in Timolul de Est, Japonia, Coreea de Sud, Trinidad-Tobago, Afganistan, dar si in cadrul Departamentului de Stat unde a fostdirector adjunct al Biroului pentru UE şi Afaceri Regionale din cadrul Biroului pentru Afaceri europene şi eurasiatice. Comitetul pentru relaţii externe a Senatului SUA a programat, la data de 21 iulie(adica maine), audierea lui Hans G. Klemm, nominalizat de preşedintele Obama pentru funcţia de ambasador la Bucureşti!
          Ghanaian ties strengthen following RHFL President's visit        
Port-of-Spain, Trinidad: May 12, 2016:– Despite the present global conditions, there is great potential for significant future growth in Ghana and Trinidad and Tobago. So said, President, Republic Financial Holdings Limited (RFHL) Mr. Nigel Baptiste, at a cocktail reception hosted on Monday by HFC Bank (Ghana) and RFHL. Prime Minister Dr. Keith Rowley was also […]
          Ghanaian ties strengthen following RHFL President’s visit        
Port-of-Spain, Trinidad: May 12, 2016:– Despite the present global conditions, there is great potential for significant future growth in Ghana and Trinidad and Tobago. So said, President, Republic Financial Holdings Limited (RFHL) Mr. Nigel Baptiste, at a cocktail reception hosted on Monday by HFC Bank (Ghana) and RFHL. Prime Minister Dr. Keith Rowley was also […]
          Republic Bank Announces Formation of Holding Company        
Port of Spain, Trinidad, Wednesday, December 16, 2015: Republic Bank is pleased to announce that the formation of its holding company, Republic Financial Holdings Limited (RFHL), was completed on December 16, 2015. The restructuring was effected by a vesting order under the Financial Institutions Act, Chap 79:09, in Trinidad and Tobago, and successfully brings the structure […]
          Printed Peacock Screens        
Today’s post comes from Safraz Ali of OFS Screens in Trinidad-Tobago. Safraz recently completed a nine screen job, complete with four beautiful printed screens. Here’s what Safraz had to say about the project: “As I entered my client’s home, I realized there was a peacock theme going on.  The client’s mom LOVES peacock, and just […]
          Hinduismo        

El hinduismo: es una tradición religiosa de laIndia. En sánscrito se conoce como sanātana dharma (‘religión eterna’) o vaidika dharma (‘deber védico). Es la tercera religión más extendida, con más de novecientos millones de fieles, tras el cristianismo y el islam.
Originariamente la palabra proviene del idioma persa hindú, que era la manera en que los personas pronunciaban el nombre del (en español, el río Indo, que antiguamente era la frontera de Indostán). Según la Real Academia Española, la palabra en proviene del castellano, francés hindou.

El hecho de que la mayoría de la población de la India profesa el hinduismo, junto con el deseo de evitar la ambigüedad del gentilicio indio (usado también para designar a los aborígenes del continente americano) explica que prácticamente desde su introducción al idioma español en el último tercio del siglo XLX se haya usado también la palabra hindú para designar a los naturales de la India.

Este uso extensivo de hindú es admisible en contextos en que no exista riesgo de confusión con su sentido estrictamente religioso. Generalmente se tiende a utilizar el término «hindú» e «hinduista» en su sentido de creyente en la religión hinduista, e «indio» habitante del continente indostánico.

El hinduismo es mayoritario actualmente sólo en tres estados del mundo, India (cuna del hinduismo y su tierra sagrada), donde son el 80,5%, Nepal, donde son el 80%, y la isla africana de Mauricio, aunque Nepal era hasta hace poco el único Estado del mundo que reconocía al hinduismo como religión oficial. También son mayoría en la isla indonesia de Bali. Tras la independencia de India y la división del subcontinente indostaní en territorios de mayoría hindú y musulmana, se formó el Estado de Pakistán para la población islámica, pero importantes minorías hindúes quedaron remanentes. Tras la secesión de Pakistán Oriental (actual Bangladesh), la antigua colonia británica quedó dividida en tres Estados. En Bangladesh la minoría hindú es mucho mayor que en Pakistán y se han suscitado violentos actos contra ella -así como contra budistas, cristianos y animistas- prácticamente desde la independencia del país, hasta el extremo de haber desaparecido de las estadísticas prácticamente 3 millones de bengalíes, en su inmensa mayoría hindúes-desde 1971 (informe del Departamento de Estado de Estados Unidos llevado a cabo por el entonces senador Edward Kennedy) en lo que debe ser considerado el mayor genocidio llevado a cabo en décadas.

También hay importantes adeptos hindúes en Afganistán (donde durante el régimen Talibán fueron forzados a usar un distintivo, como los judios en la Alemania Nazi), Bután, Birmania, X,Cambolla Indonesia, Malasia, Sri Lanka y Tailandia. En Occidente, hay hindúes en casi toda Europa Occidental, siendo Gran bretaña el que tiene la mayoría, y también son notables en Estados Unidos. Existen minorías hindúes en muchos países latinoamericanos, muy notablemente en Panamá y Trinidad y Tobago.


          Trinidad and Tobago's Ministry of Legal Affairs Launched Digital Legislative Library        

Title: Ministry of Legal Affairs Launched Digital Legislative Library

Date published: Aug. 5, 2015
Source: CCN TV6
URL: http://www.tv6tnt.com/home/Ministry-of-Legal-Affairs-Launched-Digital-Legislative-Library--320800661.html

Abstract:
Announced is the launch of the Digital Legislative Library of Trinidad and Tobago and the resources that it provides access to as well as the cost of the initiative.

Excerpt:
The Ministry of Legal Affairs launched the Digital Legislative Library of Trinidad and Tobago this morning. The digital library will contain legislative material dating back to the 1800's. Costing the government just under a three million dollars Minister of Legal Affairs Prakash said this is a proud moment in the legislative history of Trinidad and Tobago.
 

          Library Association of Trinidad and Tobago (LATT) defends new Chaguanas Public Library        
Author: ZARA BRIDGEMOHAN GRANT
Title: LATT: Give library to people of Central
Source: Trinidad and Tobago Guardian
Date published: Sunday, July 20 2014
URL: http://www.newsday.co.tt/news/0,197897.html


Abstract:
The article reports on a statement by the Library Association of Trinidad and Tobago (LATT) against the Government of Trinidad and Tobago using the new Chaguanas Public Library completed facility for a Judicial Complex. The article reports that the reconfiguration of the Chaguanas Library  into a Judicial Complex was first hinted at by Chaguanas Mayor Gopual Boodan at a breakfast meeting hosted by the Chaguanas Chamber of Industry and Commerce on June 24. At that event, Boodan revealed that a Cabinet appointed team was convened on the suggestion by the Chaguanas Lawyers’ Association, the Chamber and other organisations for the transformation of the still under construction Chaguanas library into that of a Judicial Complex. Planning Minister Dr Bhoe Tewarie further confirmed the plan, further revealing that the new Chaguanas Public Library is to be re-purposed into the Judicial Complex to deal with a backlog of 7,000 cases before the Chaguanas Magistrates’ Court. It is within this context that the article reports LATT's arguments against such plans as well as excerpts of its statements in favour of the new library facility remaining as a facility for public library service.

Excerpt:
The Library Association of Trinidad and Tobago (LATT) is calling on Government, and other stakeholders, to have the new Chaguanas Public Library completed and delivered to the people of central Trinidad and not use it for a Judicial Complex.
LATT, in a full page advertisement in Friday’s newspaper said the library building at Railway Road, Chaguanas has been in the works over 17 years and while it understood the need for accommodation for the judiciary, the public library service ought not to bear the backlash of any such inadequacy.

          Trinidad and Tobago's Scarborough library due for completion by August 2014        
Title: Scarborough Library due for completion shortly
Date published: Friday, June 6 2014
Source: Trinidad and Tobago Newsday
URL: http://www.newsday.co.tt/news/0,195828.html

Abstract:
The article reports on Secretary of Infrastructure and Public Utilities, Councillor Gary Melville's announcement of a projected date for the completion of the Scarborough library building and other community projects. In his report, Melville promises that the facility will be modern and ready to support students for the new school year. Mention is made that:
  • the library is currently undergoing a tendering process for the information and communication technology
  • the shelving, furniture and books are already in place
  • sprinkling and fire suppression systems are to be installed
  • and that the Scarborough Beautification Committee will beautify the library surroundings and construct public washrooms

Excerpt:

THE MULTI-MILLION dollar Scarborough Library building will be completed by week-end, and external works should be completed by month-end, reported Secretary of Infrastructure and Public Utilities, Councillor Gary Melville.

Speaking at the weekly post-Executive Council media briefing on Wednesday, he promised the island’s schoolchildren, the use of a modern Scarborough Library when their new term starts in September. 

He also reported that the National Maintenance and Security Company Limited (MTS), the project manager of the construction of the new library in Lower Scarborough, has been mandated to deliver it by the end of August. 

He said that tenders were being processed for the information and communication technology aspect of the project, which is a requirement in a modern-day library. He reported that the shelving, furniture and books are already in the building while sprinkling and fire suppression systems were still to be installed. Melville said his division, in conjunction with the Scarborough Beautification Committee, will beautify the surroundings of the building, and construct public washrooms.

          Countries in South America        
South America is the fourth-largest continent in the world,comprising of 14 countries.Here is the list of 14 countries in South America and their capitals.

South America


  S.no.
Countries
Capitals
                  1.
Argentina
Buenos Aires
2.
Bolivia
Sucre
3.
Brazil
Brasília
4.
Colombia
Bogotá
5.
Ecuador
Quito
6.
Guyana
Georgetown
7.
Chile
Santiago
8.
Paraguay
Asunción
9.
Peru
Lima
10.
Suriname
Paramaribo
11.
Trinidad and Tobago
Port of Spain
12.
Uruguay
Montevideo
13.
Venezuela
Caracas
14.
Argentina
Buenos Aires


          Countries in North America        
North America is the third largest continent in the world , comprising of 23 countries.Here is the list of 23 countries in North America and their capitals.
North America



 S.no. Countries Capitals
          1.          
Antigua and Barbuda
St. John's
2.
The Bahamas
Nassau
3.
Barbados
Bridgetown
4.
Belize
Belmopan
5.
Canada
Ottawa
6.
Costa Rica
San José
7.
Cuba
Havana
8.
Dominica
Roseau
9.
The Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo
10.
El Salvador
San Salvador
11.
Grenada
St. George's
12.
Guatemala
Guatemala City
13.
Haiti
Port-au-Prince
14.
Honduras
Tegucigalpa
15.
Jamaica
Kingston
16.
Mexico
Mexico City
17.
Nicaragua
Managua
18.
Panama
Panama City
19.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Basseterre
20.
Saint Lucia
Castries
21.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kingstown
22.
Trinidad and Tobago
Port of Spain
23.
The United States
Washington, District of Columbi


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unknown the known..."






Below is a small sample of the hundreds of success stories that we've received.


Click on any of the pictures below to read their SaleHoo success story!

























































































src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/tom-ainge-roy.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Tom Ainge-Roy

New Zealand


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/taylor-barrett.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Taylor Barrett

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/summer-gaylord.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Summer Gaylord

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/sean-oconnor.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Sean O'Connor

New Zealand


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Pierre Trèpanier

Canada


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/paul-evans.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Paul Evans-McLeod

New Zealand


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/mike-palo.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Mike Palo

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/jenny-georgeson.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Jenny Georgeson

New Zealand


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/jennifer-puzanskas.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Jennifer Puzanskas

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/jamie-hulley.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Jamie Hulley

UK


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/gabriel-richard.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Gabriel Richard

Canada


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/elizabeth-bratcher.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Elizabeth Bratcher

Australia


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/belinda-kesters.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Belinda Kesters

Australia


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/april-gear.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

April Gear

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/andew_kowalchuk.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Andrew Kowalchuk

Canada


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/s_anand_kumar.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

S Anand Kumar

India


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/sam-seo.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Sam Seo

Canada


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/rosa-beck.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Rosa Beck

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/maggie-ma.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Maggie Ma

Canada


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/errol-sookoo.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Errol Sookoo

Trinidad and Tobago


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/chris-cowan.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Chris Cowan

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/thet-naing-swe.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Thet Naing Swe

UK


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/bianca-john.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Bianca and John Mayes

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/john-wasylenko.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

John Wasylenko

UK


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/debbie-burch.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Debbie Burch

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/gurdeep-sharma.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Gurdeep Sharma

India


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/kelly-lynch.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Kelly Lynch

Australia


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/chris-mccaw.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Christopher McCaw

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/jodie-rimmer.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Jodie Rimmer

Australia


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/teco-desouza.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Teco de Souza

Brazil


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/r-grover.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

R. Grover

Singapore


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/johnny.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Johnny

Australia


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/chris-fry.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Chris Fry

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/denise-bartram.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Denise Bartram

UK


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/armona-maxwell.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Ahmona Maxwell

USA


src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/review-images/justin-crook.gif" alt="." width="123" height="149" />

Justin Crook and Skye Brookes

Australia








style="margin-bottom: 15px;" />From the Desk of Jimmy Huber

SaleHoo Community Manager

12:55 pm, Saturday 13 December


Ihope you're paying attention,

because what you read in the next seven minutes could
save you a whole heap of time, money, and hair-pulling. Heaven knows, these are all precious commodities
these days!



You know, I've been in this business for what seems like ages now. I've seen people come and go.
I've seen some wonderful successes, and I've also seen people go running back to their day jobs.



Why do some people succeed and others fail?


It's pretty simple. Some people know where to look for advice, and they use the tools that are out
there. Others try to re-invent the wheel instead of jumping in the car and driving!



The way I see it, you have two options:



OPTION 1:

Go it alone. You're tough. You're smart. You can figure it out yourself. You'll probably end up
being suckered by a few con-artists along the way, but we've all been there and this is all part of the learning
experience! Really, what's a couple of thousand dollars to learn a very valuable lesson? Hopefully you'll be
lucky and choose a profitable product — many new sellers don't get this right — and even if you don't,
you'll learn! Years of trial and error should teach you what works and what doesn't, if you can stick at it.
You'll be ok... in time.



OPTION 2:

If you don't have that much time and money to burn — option 2 is the fast-track. It's about skipping
the hard-learning and getting straight to the earning.



  • Smart advice from people who know what they're talking about.
  • All the leg-work already done for you — over 5300 of the world's top suppliers laid out before you.
  • That's more suppliers than you're ever going to find in Google, by the way. And these ones are legitimate.
  • You can talk to other sellers, people in the same boat as you, and swap notes. This is a very, very smart

    thing to do.
  • You can get all this free training and information and save yourself a whole lot of time searching the web.
  • No-nonsense advice from a completely independent authority. Good luck finding such unbiased information

    anywhere else.


All this is right here in front of you. You just have to pay attention and keep reading.


I hope to see you inside!



Jimmy Huber









Introducing SaleHoo — Not just another wholesale directory! Inside you'll find:





  • Over 5,300 of the world's best, legitimate suppliers — all pre-screened and categorized

    so you
    can find what you want, fast.

  • Suppliers for every type of product imaginable — from electronics, DVDs, lingerie and

    clothing
    right through to plumbing supplies, dehumidifiers and baby strollers.


  • Suppliers for top brand-name products: GUCCI, SONY, APPLE, D&G, PANASONIC, NIKE, PRADA,

    LACOSTE, HP and
    more!

  • All types of suppliers — wholesalers, manufacturers, dropshippers, liquidators. Whether

    you're
    after just a few items or a thousand, we've got suppliers to suit.

  • Constantly updated database means you're not left holding stale information. In this industry

    suppliers
    come and go... we have a full-time team of researchers checking and re-checking our information.

  • Need international shipping? No problem. A large proportion of our suppliers are happy to

    ship overseas.

  • Low or no minimum order quantities! Not everyone has the purchasing power of a retail giant,

    so we've
    researched suppliers who are happy to deal in smaller quantities.


PLUS




EXCLUSIVE TO SALEHOO: The super-secure three-tier review system



One of the biggest concerns you'll have when choosing a new supplier is whether they can be trusted.
What is customer service like? Are the goods up to scratch? Is the packaging ok? Do they steal your money
and disappear into the night?



SaleHoo has a three-tier review system that allows you to read other people's experiences with a
supplier before you hand over your money. We review suppliers three different ways:




  • SaleHoo reviews: We anonymously purchase from suppliers and leave our

    findings on the supplier's info page.
  • Independent reviews: We have a team of eBay powersellers from around the

    world purchasing on our behalf, and also adding their reviews to the supplier's info page.
  • SaleHoo member reviews: Our members can write reviews and give ratings to

    suppliers as well. These also show up on the supplier's info page.

No other directory offers this level of feedback on suppliers!

(Surprised? Seems common-sense doesn't it?)





Want to take a peek inside?





src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/newsecrets/taketour.gif">















































title="Nintendo Wii Fun Bundle with Wii Play Game and Extra Remote"
alt="Nintendo Wii Fun Bundle with Wii Play Game and Extra Remote" width="130" height="130">

title="World Championship Poker: All In Wii Game"
alt="World Championship Poker: All In Wii Game" width="130" height="130" />

title="Nintendo Wii Console & The Legend Of Zelda Wii Game"
alt="Nintendo Wii Console & The Legend Of Zelda Wii Game" width="130" height="130" />
alt="Call of Duty 3 Nintendo Wii Game" width="130" height="130" />
Nintendo Wii Fun
Bundle with Wii
Play Game and
Extra Remote

RRP:

$799.99

Suppliers Price:
$409.99
World
Championship
Poker: All In
Wii Game

RRP: $39.99

Suppliers Price:
$19.99
Nintendo Wii
Console & The
Legend Of Zelda
Wii Game

RRP:

$749.99

Suppliers Price:
$409.99
Call of
Duty 3
Nintendo
Wii Game

RRP: $49.99

Suppliers Price:
$40.50
Nintendo Wii: 
<br />
<br />Marvel Ultimate Alliances
alt="Wholesale Nintendo Wii" width="130" height="130">
Nintendo 
<br />
<br />Wii: Tony Hawk's Downhill Jam
alt="Wholesale Nintendo Wii" width="130" height="130" />
Marvel Ultimate
Alliances Wii
Game

RRP: $49.99

Suppliers Price:
$40.50
Nintendo Wii
Sport Bundle &
2GB SD Card

RRP: $799.99

Suppliers Price:
$389.99
Tony Hawk's
Downhill Jam
Wii Game

RRP: $49.99

Suppliers Price:
$40.50
Nintendo Wii
4MB Memory
Card

RRP: $19.99

Suppliers Price:
$4.99


* Examples as of November 2008 - purchase prices may be much

lower now.



Order SaleHoo Now




But it doesn't stop there...



...What if you could also listen in on
conversations between successful sellers:
Hear their secrets, discover their favorite suppliers
ask all those questions you've been dying to ask...?




SaleHoo is also one of
the leading online communities for buyers and sellers on the internet
. We're not shy about blowing our
own trumpet here. This is where you come to get some first-hand advice from the people in the know.








  • Call upon a huge wealth of experience: Many SaleHoo forum regulars have been buying and selling
    online for years, and still find time to jump on the forum and dish out advice.
  • Thinking of using a particular supplier? Don't do anything without asking here first! Talking
    to others is the single easiest way to prevent yourself being burned.
  • Got an idea for a product to sell? Want to know if it's a good idea? Get advice

    here, but be
    warned ... our members won't sugar-coat facts. If your product is a sure-fire stinker, they will let you know!
  • Name them, shame them! With stories to make your toes curl, this is the section devoted to

    bad
    suppliers and bad experiences. Our members share their tales so that others can learn from them.
  • Share good suppliers: It's not all doom and gloom. We have a whole section dedicated to

    suppliers
    who go above and beyond the call of duty.
  • Want greater discounts? The forum is a great place to team up with other sellers and buy in

    bulk.

  • Dedicated staff: Overseeing everything is our super-experienced, straight-talking community

    manager,
    Jimmy Huber. You can count on Jimmy to leap in and set the record straight or give advice for tricky situations.
    He'll also nab any scammers or illegitimate suppliers who happen to make their way onto the forum, so you can be
    sure it's a safe place to seek advice.




Have you taken the tour yet?





src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/newsecrets/taketour.gif">



... But wait! There's more!

(No, it's not a set of steak knives...)



Come and join us today and you'll earn yourself

the 2008 SaleHoo Goodie Bag —

— Like CliffsNotes for traders, these guides

will have you up to speed in no time!





Bonus: Dropship Handbook 2008


Dropshipping is hugely

popular because it allows you to get started with very little money. After all... you
only have to pay for goods once you've actually secured a sale! Our dropshipping guide gives you a comprehensive
look into the ups and downs of dropshipping, so that you can really make the most of this fantastic system. The
guide includes...




  • The pluses and pitfalls of dropshipping: We know you don't want to hear about the pitfalls,

    but there are some. Once you recognize them, you'll be able to avoid them!

  • What to expect of your dropshipper: Know what your dropshipper should and shouldn't do, and

    what you should and shouldn't ask of your dropshipper.

  • Dropshipping strategies: Find out how to boost your dropshipping sales and avoid those

    pitfalls altogether!

  • SaleHoo recommended dropshippers: We've picked out the cream of the crop for your

    dropshipping pleasure!






Bonus: What to Sell 2008



This is a HUGE

decision -- are you well informed? In this guide we show you strategies for finding
profitable products and the tools that can help you make sense of everything. But not before we shatter
some of your biggest pre-conceptions! (And all before breakfast too!)




  • Think you know what's going to make you big bucks? You'll be surprised! We shatter the
    8 big myths of sourcing and selling and save you from making some costly mistakes. This is a

    must-read for any new seller, particularly if you're interested in electronics, brand-name products, music, movies

    or games...

  • What products are really profitable these days? (Here's a hint: Probably not what you're

    thinking!)

  • Market research tools: We shed light on some "tools of the trade" that you can use to decide

    if your product is going to sell or not.

  • How to find niche markets: You can earn big bucks by thinking outside the square. We give you

    tips for scooping these

  • How to make money on products where competition is fiercer than a fierce thing.

  • How you sell can be just as important as what you sell. Paying attention to these tips can

    dramatically increase your chances of making a sale, AND a tidy profit!

  • Ideas Vault 2008: Need some inspiration? SaleHoo's experts reveal 11 hot and upcoming markets for this

    year.







Bonus: Shipping Handbook 2008



We wax lyrical on all

aspects of shipping and importing. If you're new to selling (or even if you've
been around a while) this guide contains a ton of strategies for getting those costs down.




  • Discover how other sellers are able to offer such cheap shipping, and learn a few easy tricks

    to dramatically reduce your shipping costs.
  • How to find the best deals for land and sea freight.
  • How to import from US suppliers who don't actually ship to your country.
  • Easy ways to save money on local freight charges.
  • How much should you charge your customers for shipping? We try to clear up this curly

    question.
  • Tricks to recover your shipping costs on the sly so that you can offer reduced rates to your

    customers -- and make it easier for them to hit that "buy" button!
  • Best shipping services by country: We give you the low-down on shipping options in your

    neighborhood.






Bonus: Market Guides 2008






You asked for it... here it is. We've put together a bunch of market-specific guides for the biggest,
most popular markets amongst new sellers. We've got experienced sellers on board to contribute to these
comprehensive guides, both factual details and their own personal anecdotes.




  • Market at a glance:

    • What's hot
    • Average selling prices
    • Margins you might expect (are they huge or miniscule?)
    • eBay sell through rate (how many sales are actually completed)
    • Who is this market suited to? (do you need lots of capital? Is this one for experienced players only?)

  • Potential pitfalls: Every market has its ups and downs -- they're only an issue when you're

    walking blind. We reveal the dark side of popular markets and show you how to avoid the traps.

  • Marketing strategies: What's the best way to make money from these markets? We show you the

    best way to approach a sale so that you walk away with the most profit possible!

  • What to look for in a supplier: How to recognize the best suppliers in a market.

  • SaleHoo recommended suppliers: Start off on the right foot with these hand-picked,

    recommended suppliers.

  • Where to sell? It's not all eBay, eBay, eBay. In fact, for many markets eBay is a terrible

    place to sell. We reveal the most promising avenues for selling these products.





Bonus: How to Find Fantastic Suppliers



We show you how to successfully find and negotiate deals with suppliers on the internet.



Including...



  • 5 tell-tale signs that a supplier is no good! Suspect that a supplier might be spinning you a

    yarn? All but the most cunning of scam-artists can be uncovered with our five-point scammer-sniffing test.

  • Which type of supplier should you use? Manufacturers, wholesalers, light bulk wholesalers,

    dropshippers, liquidators... Each type of supplier has its uses and comes with its own set of pros and cons. Knowing

    the difference can save you a lot of time, hassle and money!

  • Six top tips for dealing with suppliers and making sure you get a great deal.

  • How to work out what the real wholesale price is. It's not as easy as it sounds! Know this,

    and you'll know when you're getting a good deal. Just be careful... there's one trap that almost every seller falls

    into, and it will send you barking up completely the wrong tree...

  • Keeping Safe — What to ask your supplier to avoid rack and ruin! These five quick

    questions could save you from a heartbreakingly bad deal at the hands of an Asian supplier.






Last chance for the tour!



src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/newsecrets/taketour.gif">





Who are SaleHoo? What do they know about trading?




Founded in 2005, SaleHoo Group is a young, tight-knit company based in Christchurch, New Zealand.
We think we're an excellent example of the globe-shrinking power of the internet — We have the privilege of
operating out of one of the most beautiful and remote countries on earth, yet we're still able to assemble a
team of clever individuals that stretches across the four corners of the world.

With staff in Europe, North
America, Australia and Asia, as well as our headquarters here in New Zealand's garden city, we think we've
got a unique global perspective on a distinctly global industry.



All

SaleHoo staff have experience
buying and selling online. Director Simon Slade has considerable experience buying and selling on both eBay and

New Zealand's
eBay alternative Trade Me, while Community Manager Jimmy Huber started selling DVD movies on eBay five years ago,

and
now operates one of the largest product distributors for online sellers in central Illinois, USA. We've all had

our own
ups and downs, and we've used this experience in creating and growing SaleHoo.



SaleHoo has been a member of the eBay Developer's Program since 2005 and the Better Business
Bureau Online (BBBOnline) Reliability Program since 2006.



We like fast internet, M&Ms, foosball tables and fair-trade coffee.





SaleHoo HQ, Christchurch, New Zealand








And now a word from our Community Manager...




Hi, Jimmy

Huber again.



If you've

made it this far down the page, I reckon there's a fairly strong chance I'll see you in
the SaleHoo members forum. For now just let me say this:


If there's one thing that annoys me more than people who make needlessly bad decisions, it's
people who can't make a decision at all.


The procrastinators. The perpetual browsers. The people who spend their days hunting for the
best option and never even get off the starting mat. If you're going to do it — do it!


Even if you don't decide to join us, I really encourage you to get out there and get started
in whatever way you can. The more time you spend waiting for the opportunity to present itself, the further behind

you fall. Stop procrastinating, take action, and do something to move yourself forward today!


To your success!



Jimmy Huber








Come join us today and get off on the right foot with your new career.
Here's all the good stuff you'll receive...





  • The SaleHoo supplier directory: Over 5300 pre-screened
    suppliers, complete with full info sheets, reviews and searchable database.
  • Access to the exclusive SaleHoo forum: One of the best and
    safest wholesale forums on the internet. Many members say that this is alone is worth the membership fee!
  • The SaleHoo Goodie Bag full of guides to all those particularly
    tricky or particularly interesting aspects of buying and selling online, including...



    • "Dropship Handbook 2008"
    • "Shipping Handbook 2008"
    • "What to Sell 2008"
    • "How To Find Fantastic Suppliers"
    • "Fashion & Footwear Market Guide 2008"
    • "DVDs & Movies Market Guide 2008"
    • "Electronics Market Guide 2008"






You can access to all this material within the next five minutes when you join SaleHoo.
When you join we ask for a one-time-only, tax-deductable membership fee of $67. Many
of our members tell us that they make this back within their first few sales.



Your membership gives you...



  • Unlimited access to our constantly-updated database for LIFE!
  • Unlimited member support for LIFE!
  • Unlimited access to the forum for LIFE!
  • One time payment. No monthly membership fee. No restrictions. (And did we mention that
    it's tax deductible?)



We think that's a pretty good deal considering the price you pay for shodding wholesale lists, and
considering the amount of time, effort and money you'll save when you hang out with us. We hope you agree!
And in case you're wondering...





Where does your membership fee go?





  • Helps to fund our full-time research team who hunt down and test out new suppliers for you and
    check up on the old ones to ensure that they are still reliable.
  • Helps to fund our customer support team who help you out if you can't find a supplier for
    a particular product.
  • Keeps the forum going and the forum moderators happy.
  • Funds our secret-squirrel review team.
  • Employs our extremely good-looking office staff, writers, video editors, freelance

    contributors
    , and
    ensures our web programmers have a steady supply of M&Ms.
  • Most importantly, your membership fee allows us to remain unbiased and independent. That's

    good for
    us, and it's good for you!





Your 100% Money Back Guarantee!


100% Satisfaction Guaranteed
height="153" style="float: right;" /> We're not bad guys, we know that money is tight these days. If (for any

reason) you decide that joining SaleHoo was not
the most effective use of your cash, for heaven's sake let us know! We'll happily give you a full

refund. You
can even keep the Goodie Bag to remember us fondly.


The
proviso here is that you must let us know within 56 days (8 weeks) of purchase. Unfortunately

our payment processer won't
allow refunds after that point.







Yes, I want to join SaleHoo and kick-start my business today!


I understand that by gaining access:




  • I get to access the full SaleHoo members area, plus members forum and all the bonuses, for

    a one-time only, lifetime membership fee of RRP $147 $67



  • And my SaleHoo membership is backed up by an iron-clad 56-day, "no questions asked"
    money back guarantee.



  • Joining only takes five minutes, and I'll receive instant access to everything SaleHoo has

    to offer.



  • I'm ready to get instant and unlimited access to 5,347 pre-screened wholesale suppliers of

    high quality products right now.





src="http://www.salehoo.com/images/join-salehoo.jpg" width="262" height="49" alt="Join SaleHoo" />


Click HERE to Join SaleHoo

Pay by Credit Card, Paypal or 
<br />
<br />ECheck











More SaleHoo members' stories




Real story!



"Through SaleHoo I found a safe seller with a good product and recovered the

money I spent very quickly."


Like many others, I started with

little money and not a lot of information. I was unsure about buying from overseas, and about giving my credit card

details out when there are all these scams around. I even procrastinated about SaleHoo.


But I took a leap of faith and decided to give it a go. Through SaleHoo I found a safe seller with a good product

and recovered the money I spent very quickly. Things are slowly but steadily climbing in the right direction, and

being an internet seller is a lot of fun. Hell, I'm 56 and I didn't know a lot about it, and I jumped in boots and

all. I just asked a lot of questions and here I am, doing OK.


I'm an average Joe with average intelligence looking for a way to improve my lot without risking a lot of money

(because I don't have a lot!). This is working so well that the wife has been picking my brain, wanting to try it

herself, so we've set her up with a different bank account and selling account. Now instead of arguments about

money, we're just arguing about who gets to use the computer.


Paul Evans-McLeod,

New Zealand











Real story!



"I joined SaleHoo and it's something I'll never regret. It gave me all the

wholesalers I could ever ask for."


I was a 16 year old high school student that

didn't have any time to go out and get an actual job. I wanted something that could provide decent money so I

wouldn't have to work. I had seen many people making a lot of money through eBay, so I thought I'd go ahead and try

it myself.


I tried finding wholesalers through wholesale lists on eBay, but quickly realized that I was wasting my money. I

would spend $5 on each list which would only give me 1 or 2 decent sources in the end. It's a real blow to your

confidence when you can't find decent suppliers, and I was beginning to think that I'd never find a reliable source.

Then I joined SaleHoo and it's something I'll never regret. It gave me all the wholesalers I could ever ask for.


When I joined Salehoo I was mainly looking for clothing/accessories. Once I joined though, I realized that there

were many other things besides clothing that could make me a dramatic amount of money. I branched out and
decided to go with anything that could make good profits.


The thing I like most about SaleHoo is the member forum. It's a great way to meet new people as well as share

information you have about various wholesalers. If you can't seem to find a product you can post what you're

looking for on the forum and someone will quickly respond with the information that you need to find your product.


Starting this business has really changed things for me. I can focus my time on schoolwork rather than working,

because I'm making more money than I would in a normal job earning $8/hour, even if I was working 40 hours a week! A

lot of people in my school know what I do, and I've taught many people how to make money by importing and selling on

eBay. When someone I don't even know comes up to me and asks me about what I do on eBay, it makes me realize how

great what I do really is. Starting this business has inspired me to possibly start my own larger business some day

after college. It has inspired me in ways that will benefit me for the rest of my life.


          Candomblé - Suas raízes e vertentes        

Candomblé
Candomblé é uma religião derivada do animismo africano onde se cultuam os Orixás, Voduns, Nkisis dependendo da nação. Sendo de origem totêmica e familiar, é uma das religiões afro-brasileiras praticadas principalmente no Brasil, pelo chamado povo do santo, em outros países escravocatas como; Uruguai, Argentina, Venezuela, Colômbia, Panamá, México, Alemanha, Itália, Portugal e Espanha.
Cada nação africana tem como base o culto a um único orixá. A junção dos cultos é um fenômeno brasileiro em decorrência do contrabando de escravos onde, varias nações se agrupados em senzalas.
A religião que tem por base a anima (alma)da Natureza, sendo portanto chamada de anímica, foi desenvolvida no Brasil com o conhecimento dos sacerdotes africanos (Babalorixá e Iyalorixá) que foram escravizados e trazidos da África, juntamente com seus Orixás/Nkisis/Voduns, sua cultura, e seus idiomas, entre 1549 e 1888.
Embora confinado originalmente à população de negros escravizados, inicialmente nas senzalas, quilombos e terreiros, proibido pela igreja católica, e criminalizado mesmo por alguns governos, o candomblé prosperou nos quatro séculos, e expandiu consideravelmente desde o fim da escravatura em 1888. Estabeleceu-se com seguidores de várias classes sociais e dezenas de milhares de templos. Em levantamentos recentes, aproximadamente 3 milhões de brasileiros (1,5% da população total) declararam o candomblé como sua religião. Na cidade de Salvador existem 2.230 terreiros registrados na Federação Baiana de Cultos Afro-brasileiros e catalogados pelo Centro de Estudos Afro-Orientais da UFBA, (Universidade Federal da Bahia) Mapeamento dos Terreiros de Candomblé de Salvador.
Entretanto, na cultura brasileira as religiões não são vistas como mutuamente exclusivas, e muitas pessoas de outras crenças religiosas — até 70 milhões, de acordo com algumas organizações culturais Afro-Brasileiras — participam em rituais do candomblé, regularmente ou ocasionalmente. Orixás do Candomblé, os rituais, e as festas são agora uma parte integrante da cultura e uma parte do folclore brasileiro.
O Candomblé não deve ser confundido com Umbanda, Macumba e/ou Omoloko, outras religiões afro-brasileiras com similar origem; e com religiões afro-americanas similares em outros países do Novo Mundo, como o Vodou Haitiano, a Santeira cubana, e o Obeah, em Trindade e Tobago, os Shangos (similar ao Tchamba africano, Xambá e ao Xangô do Nordeste do Brasil) o Ourisha, de origem yoruba, os quais foram desenvolvidas independentemente do Candomblé e são visualmente desconhecidos no Brasil.

Nações
Os negros escravizados no Brasil pertenciam a diversos grupos étnicos, incluindo os yoruba, os ewe, os fon, e os bantu. Como a religião se tornou semi-independente em regiões diferentes do país, entre grupos étnicos diferentes evoluíram diversas "divisões"ou nações, que se distinguem entre si principalmente pelo conjunto de divindades veneradas, o atabaque (música) e a língua sagrada usada nos rituais.
A lista seguinte é uma classificação pouco rigorosa das principais nações e sub-nações, de suas regiões de origem, e de suas línguas sagradas:
  • ·      Ketu ou Queto (Bahia) e quase todos os estados - Língua yoruba (Iorubá ou Nagô em Português)
  • ·      Efan na Bahia, Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo
  • ·      Ijexá principalmente na Bahia
  • ·      Nagô Egbá ou Xangô do Nordeste no Pernambuco, Paraíba, Alagoas, Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo
  • ·      Mina-nagô ou Tambor de Mina no Maranhão
  • ·      Xambá em Alagoas e Pernambuco (quase extinto).
  • ·      Bantu, Angola e Congo (Bahia, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Goiás, Rio Grande do Sul), mistura de línguas Bantu, Kikongo e Kimbundo.
  • ·      Candomblé de Caboclo (entidades nativas Ã­ndios)
  • ·      Jeje A palavra Jeje vem do yoruba djedje que significa estrangeiro, forasteiro. Nunca existiu nenhuma nação Jeje na África. O que é chamado de nação Jeje é o candomblé formado pelos povos fons vindo da região de Daomé e pelos povos Mahis ou Mahins. Jeje era o nome dado de forma pejorativa pelos yorubás para as pessoas que habitavam o leste, porque os mahis eram uma tribo do lado leste e Saluvá ou povos Savalu do lado sul. O termo Saluvá ou Savalu, na verdade, vem de "Savé" que era o lugar onde se cultuava Nanã. Nanã, uma das origens das quais seria Bariba, uma antiga dinastia originária de um filho de Oduduá, que é o fundador de Savé (tendo neste caso a ver com os povos fons). O Abomey ficava no oeste, enquanto Ashantis era a tribo do norte. Todas essas tribos eram de povos Jeje, (Bahia, Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo) - língua ewe e língua fon (Jeje)
  • ·      Jeje Mina língua mina São Luiz do Maranhão
  • ·      Babaçuê, Belém, Pará


Crenças
Candomblé é uma religião "monoteísta”, embora alguns defendam a ideia que são cultuados vários deuses, o deus único para a Nação Ketu é Olorum, para a Nação Bantu é Nzambi e para a Nação Jeje Ã© Mawu, são nações independentes na prática diária e em virtude do sincretismo existente no Brasil a maioria dos participantes consideram como sendo o mesmo Deus da Igreja Católica.
Os Orixás / Inkisis / Voduns recebem homenagens regulares, com oferendas de animais, vegetais e minerais, cânticos, danças e roupas especiais. Mesmo quando há na mitologia referência a uma divindade criadora, essa divindade tem muita importância no dia-a-dia dos membros do terreiro, mas não são cultuados em templo exclusivo, é louvado em todos os preceitos e muitas vezes é confundido com o Deus cristão.
  • ·      os Orixás da Mitologia Yoruba foram criados por um deus supremo, Olorum;
  • ·      os Voduns da Mitologia Fon foram criados por Mawu, o deusa suprema dos Fon;
  • ·      os Nkisis da Mitologia Bantu, foram criados por Zambi, Zambiapongo, deus supremo e criador.

O Candomblé cultua, entre todas as nações, umas cinquenta das centenas de divindades  ainda cultuadas na Ãfrica. Mas, na maioria dos terreiros das grandes cidades, são doze as mais cultuadas. O que acontece é que algumas divindades têm "qualidades", que podem ser cultuadas como um diferente Orixás / Inkisis / Voduns em um ou outro terreiro. Então, a lista de divindades das diferentes nações é grande, e muitos Orixás do Ketu podem ser "identificados" com os Voduns do Jejé e Inkisis dos Bantu em suas características, mas na realidade não são os mesmos; seus cultos, rituais e toques são totalmente diferentes.
Orixás têm individuais personalidades, habilidades e preferências rituais, e são conectados ao fenômeno natural específico (um conceito não muito diferente do Kami do japonês Xintoísmo). Toda pessoa é escolhida no nascimento por um ou vários "patronos" Orixás, que um babalorixá identificará. Alguns Orixás são "incorporados" por pessoas iniciadas durante o ritual do candomblé, outros Orixás não, apenas são cultuados em árvores pela coletividade. Alguns Orixás chamados Funfun (branco),que fizeram parte da criação do mundo, também não são incorporados.
Acreditam na vida após a morte, e que os espíritos dos babalorixá falecidos possam materializar-se em roupas específicas, são chamados de Babá Egum ou Egungun e são cultuados em roças dirigidas só por homens no Culto aos Egungun, os espíritos das Iyalorixá falecidas são cultuados coletivamente Iyami-Ajé nas sociedades secretas Gelede, ambos cultos são feitos em casas independentes das de candomblé que também se cultuam os eguns em casas separadas dos Orixás.
Acreditam que algumas crianças nascem com a predestinação de morrer cedo, são os chamados abikus (nascidos para morrer).

Sincretismo
No tempo das senzalas os negros para poderem cultuar seus Orixás, Nkisis e Voduns usaram como camuflagem um altar com imagens de santos católicos e por baixo os assentamentos escondidos, segundo alguns pesquisadores este sincretismo já havia começado na África, induzida pelos próprios missionários para facilitar a conversão.
Depois da libertação dos escravos começaram a surgir as primeiras casas de candomblé, e é fato que o candomblé de séculos tenha incorporado muitos elementos do cristianismo. Imagens e crucifixos eram exibidos nos templos, orixás eram frequentemente identificados com santos católicos, algumas casas de candomblé também incorporam entidades caboclos, que eram consideradas pagãs como os orixás.
Mesmo usando imagens e crucifixos inspiravam perseguições por autoridades e pela Igreja, que viam o candomblé como paganismo e bruxaria, muitos mesmo não sabendo o que era isso.
Nos últimos anos, tem aumentado um movimento em algumas casas de candomblé que rejeitam o sincretismo aos elementos cristãos e procuram recriar um candomblé "mais puro" baseado exclusivamente nos elementos africanos

Templos
Os Templos de candomblé são chamados de Casas, Roças ou Terreiros.
As casas podem ser de linhagem Matriarcal, Patriarcal ou Mista:
Casas pequenas, que são independentes, possuídas e administradas pelo babalorixá ou iyalorixá dono da casa e pelo Orixá principal respectivamente. Em caso de falecimento do dono, a sucessão na maioria das vezes é feita por parentes consanguíneos, caso não tenha um sucessor interessado em continuar a casa é desativada. Não há nenhuma administração central.
Casas grandes, que são organizadas tem uma hierarquia rígida, não é de propriedade do sacerdote, nem toda casa grande é tradicional, é uma Sociedade Civil ou Beneficente.
Casas de linhagem matriarcal: (só mulheres) assumem a liderança da casa como Iyalorixá.

  • Ilé Asé Iyá Nassô Oká - Casa Branca-Engenho Velho - considerada a primeira casa a ser aberta em Salvador, Bahia
  • Ilê Maroiá Lájié - Mãe Olga de Alaketu - Fundada em 1636 no Matatu de Brotas por Otampé Ojarô
  • Ilé Iyá Omi Asé Yámassê do Gantois - Terreiro do Gantois - Salvador, Bahia
  • Ilé Asé Opó Afonjá - Opó Afonjá - Salvador, Bahia e Coelho da Rocha, Rio de Janeiro
  • Zoogodô Bogum Malé Rondó - Terreiro do Bogum - Salvador, Bahia
  • Querebentan de Zomadônu - Casa das Minas - fundada +/- 1796 - São Luiz, Maranhão
  • Kwe Kpodaba - Asé Podaba - fundado em 1851 - Rio de Janeiro
  • Ilé Asé Íyà Atara Magbá - Santa Cruz da Serra - RJ. Fundada e dirigida até hoje por Omindarewa de Yemanja
  • Ilé Omo Oyá Legi - Mesquita, Rio de Janeiro

Casas de linhagem patriarcal: (só homens) assumem a liderança da casa como Babalorixá no Culto aos Orixá ou Babaojé no Culto aos Egungun.

  • Ilê Agboulá - Ilha de Itaparica
  • Sociedade Cultural e Religiosa Ilê Axipá - Ilê Axipá - Salvador, Bahia

Casas de linhagem mista: tanto homens como mulheres podem assumir a liderança da casa.
  • Ilé Asé Oxumarê - Casa de Oxumare - Salvador, Bahia
  • Ilé Asé Odó Ogè - Terreiro Pilão de Prata - Salvador, Bahia
  • Obá Ogunté - Terreiro Obá Ogunté - Recife, Pernambuco
  • Kwé Ceja Houndé - Roça do Ventura - Cachoeira e São Félix, Bahia
  •  Ilê Asé Iyá Ogunté - Casa de Iemanjá - Maceió, Alagoas
  • Terreiro Viva Deus - Asepo Eran Opé Oluwá - Cachoeira - Bahia. Fundada por José Domingos de Santana- Zé do Vapor de Ogum. Dirigido hoje pelo babalaxé Luiz Sérgio Barbosa de Oxalufã.
  •  Ilé Àsé Igba Onin Odé Akueran - Casa Pai Francisco - Curitiba - Paraná. Fundada por José Francisco - Odé Otaioci. Dirigido hoje pela Iyálàsé Tutty.
  • Kunzo Nkisi Caxuté Teempu Mavula - Terreiro Caxuté - Valença, Bahia

A progressão na hierarquia é condicionada ao aprendizado e ao desempenho dos rituais longos da iniciação. Em caso de morte de um Babalorixá ou Iyalorixá, o sucessor é escolhido, geralmente entre seus filhos, na maioria das vezes por meio de um jogo divinatório Opelê-ifá (jogo de búzios). Entretanto a sucessão pode ser disputada ou pode não encontrar um sucessor, e conduz frequentemente a rachar ou até mesmo ao fechamento da casa. Há somente três ou quatro casas em atividade Brasil que viram seu 100° aniversário.

Hierarquia
No Brasil, existe uma divisão nos cultos: Ifá, Egungun, Orixá, Vodun e Nkisi, são separados por tipo de iniciação ao sacerdócio.
  • ·   Culto de Ifá participam tanto homens quanto mulheres, sendo um Culto patriarcal conduzido pelos Babalawos.
  • ·    Culto aos Egungun participam tanto homens quanto mulheres, sendo Culto patriarcal que lida diretamente com a ancestralidade, conduzidos pelos Ojés.
  • ·      Candomblé Ketu participam tanto homens quanto mulheres, sendo conduzido tanto por homens (Babalorixás) quanto por mulheres (Iyalorixás), entram em transe com Orixá.
  • ·      Candomblé Jeje participam tanto homens quanto mulheres, sendo conduzido tanto por homens quanto por mulheres Vodunsis, entram em transe com Vodun.
  • ·      Candomblé Bantu participam tanto homens quanto mulheres, sendo conduzido tanto por homens quanto por mulheres inicia Muzenzas, entram em transe com Nkisi.


Sacerdócio
Nas religiões Afro-brasileiras o sacerdócio é dividido em:
  • ·      Axogun - O cargo mais importante do Candomblé. Em grau de importância, está acima até mesmo dos Babalorixás. Todos estão á disposição deste sacerdote, porém, como não é rodante, não pode iniciar ninguém sem a participação de um babalorixá ou iyalorixá.
  • ·      Babalawo - Sacerdote de Orunmila-Ifá do Culto de Ifá
  • ·      Bokonon - Sacerdote do Vodun Fa
  • ·      Babalorixá ou Iyalorixá - Sacerdotes de Orixás
  • ·      Doté ou Doné - Sacerdotes de Voduns
  • ·      Tateto e Mameto - Sacerdotes de Inkices
  • ·      Ojé - Sacerdote do Culto aos Egungun
  • ·      Babalosaim - Sacerdote de Ossaim



          Coach Me if You Can        

The Olympic Aquatics Stadium inside Olympic Park in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, will be among the facilities greeting athletes at the games. Felipe Dana / AP images
The Olympic Aquatics Stadium inside Olympic Park in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, will be among the facilities greeting athletes at the games. Felipe Dana / AP images

Matt Scoggin

Coach, men’s and women’s diving,  University of Texas at Austin

ROLE AT THE GAMES

2009 and 2010 U.S. Olympic Committee National Diving Coach of the Year, 2012 USA Diving Olympics coach.

MY FIRST OLYMPICS

Scoggin says the size and scope of the Olympics can make it hard to focus on the task at hand. He was a seasoned vet of age 28 in his first Olympics, but says he still found himself thinking about people in the grandstands and other distractions because he had never been in that situation before. “If I were to make a comeback at age 52,” he laughs, “I’d know more what to expect and be a little more calm.”

OLYMPIC PHILOSOPHY

“If you’re an athlete who’s in the moment and totally confident, the stress can really come off you, and it can be exhilarating. As a coach, you prepare your athletes so they can be that way, and you’re hopeful. But once they’re on the board, it’s up to them.”

STRATEGY FOR RIO

Like other coaches, Scoggin concentrates on helping his athletes stay focused on what they already know how to do. And he helps them develop strategies for getting back to a calm, aggressive, confident state of mind.

 


 

Connie Price-Smith

Coach, men’s and women’s track  and field and cross country,  University of Mississippi

ROLE AT THE GAMES

Coach for the U.S. women’s track and field team at the 2016 Olympics. Price-Smith was a 25-time U.S. champion in the shot put and discus and participated in four Olympics.

MY FIRST OLYMPICS

Before the Opening Ceremonies, a teammate advised Price-Smith to take a trash bag along for the walk. She thought he was pulling one over on the first-timer, so she left the trash bag behind. “Then I got to the ceremonies and they released the doves,” she recalls, “and I wished I had a trash bag.”

OLYMPIC PHILOSOPHY

“Be patient. Go with the flow. You want it to be like any other event, but you can’t help it – when you’re there, you know it’s special.”

STRATEGY FOR RIO

Price-Smith expects to feel more like a juggler than a coach. “I’m not there to coach the athletes because they all have individual coaches. I’m there to facilitate. You want to take the burden off the athletes and not make them stress about things.”

 


 

Bob Bowman

Coach, men’s and women’s swimming, Arizona State University

ROLE AT THE GAMES

Men’s swimming coach, 2016 U.S. Olympic team, and coach of Michael Phelps, the most decorated Olympian of all time.

MY FIRST OLYMPICS

He admits he got emotional in 2000 in Sydney just seeing Phelps walk under the Olympic rings adorning a doorway. “I cried,” Bowman recalls. “‘We’re here! We’re doing what we wanted!’ I can still have those emotional moments, but I have a responsibility to help these guys be at their best in that moment.”

OLYMPIC PHILOSOPHY

“Process is more important than the outcome. You don’t focus on gold medals. You focus on things that have to happen in order for you to swim your best 200 fly.”

STRATEGY FOR RIO

Aim for a “normal, predictable swim in the middle of an unpredictable and very abnormal environment.” He tries to minimize time in the Olympic Village, where some athletes are more focused on the party than the medals. “When you get there, you want to take care of business.”

 


 

Cliff Rovelto

Director of men’s and women’s cross country and track and field, Kansas State University

ROLE AT THE GAMES

Has coached 14 Olympic athletes, including silver medalists Erik Kynard, Austra Skujyte and Matt Hemingway, and is a nine-time Team USA staff member. 

MY FIRST OLYMPICS

He was nervous about the time commitment but the Olympians’ presence inspired his college athletes. “They look at these folks and think, ‘Hey, that guy’s not much better than me! Maybe I can do those same kinds of things!’” 

OLYMPIC PHILOSOPHY

“Even the Olympic Games are a little like just another day. I know that sounds crazy, and I’m not trying to make light of it. But it’s not about anything magical we’re doing at those meets. It’s what we do every single day in practice that enables us to get to those meets and perform at our best.” 

STRATEGY FOR RIO

An Olympic coach’s role is specific. “Coaches work with athletes for many years, so it’s not like we’re gonna show up in Rio and rewrite training plans. We want to take the plan they’ve designed and help with it. That’s our job.”

 


 

Mike Bottom

Coach, men’s and women’s swimming and diving, University of Michigan

ROLE AT THE GAMES

He has coached Olympic athletes from Serbia, El Salvador, Venezuela, Croatia, Poland, Israel, Trinidad and Tobago, and the U.S.

MY FIRST OLYMPICS

Bottom was selected for the U.S. Olympic team in 1980, the year the country boycotted the games in Moscow. “What I saw was a political disruption of what I thought the Olympic ideal was, and I wanted to make that as right as possible by coaching people from different countries, ideologies – teams that would stand together and support the Olympic ideal.” 

OLYMPIC PHILOSOPHY

“It’s not really about ... winning medals. It’s creating champions, positive relationships with other teams and other cultures.”

STRATEGY FOR RIO

Bottom is always preparing for the next Olympics. “We have a clock over our pool that counts down the minutes, hours and seconds until the Opening Ceremonies.”

 


 

Randy Ableman

Coach, men’s and women’s diving, University of Miami (Florida)

ROLE AT THE GAMES

Served on the U.S. coaching staff for the 1996, 2000, 2004 and 2012 games, and was head coach of the South African diving team in 2008. He’s produced 11 Olympians in his time at Miami.

MY FIRST OLYMPICS

Named to the U.S. Olympic diving team in 1980, Ableman was forced to miss the games in Moscow due to the American boycott.

OLYMPIC PHILOSOPHY

“I’m there for my athletes, to put them in the best position to do something great.”

STRATEGY FOR RIO

“Everyone puts a little more into the Olympics, so they can say, ‘I made an Olympic team, I’m an Olympian.’ But in my mind I just want to prepare them to be one of the best in our country and to represent us internationally. I don’t think we train any harder. But there is a little more stress involved.”

 


 

Marcio Sicoli

Assistant beach volleyball coach, Pepperdine University

ROLE AT THE GAMES

Sicoli was trainer/consultant to Kerri Walsh Jennings and Misty May-Treanor at the 2012 Olympics in London and will be trainer/consultant to Jennings and April Ross in Rio de Janeiro this summer. With gold medals in 2004, 2008 and 2012, May-Treanor and Jennings are considered the best beach volleyball duo of all time.

MY FIRST OLYMPICS

Even a coach with a gold-medal record says just getting there is a thrill. “You’re there to win a gold medal, but you feel a different energy in that you’ve already made it.”

OLYMPIC PHILOSOPHY

“It’s not about me, or even the team, but something bigger. (The Olympics) changed my coaching philosophy from numbers and stats to the idea that sports are bigger than maybe everybody thinks.”

STRATEGY FOR RIO

The 2016 Olympics will bring Sicoli’s career full circle. He was born and raised in Rio. “I’m just stoked that I’ll have my friends and family close.”


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          Brazzers ofrece suma millonaria a Trinidad y Tobago por un poco de atención        

La agencia Internacional de entretenimiento para adultos Brazzers ha hecho una oferta de $ 1 millón de dólares al Ministro de Hacienda Colm Imbert, para ver como termina de hundir (económicamente) a Trinidad y Tobago.

En respuesta, Imbert se mostró demasiado ansioso, convocando una rueda de prensa en su oficina electoral para discutir la oferta, la cual se anunció como

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          Â¡La encuesta sobre cómo las ONG hacen uso de Internet en el mundo!        
iWith.org lanzará una encuesta para investigar sobre como organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro de Europa y Latinoamérica utilizan las oportunidades en la red. El software de encuestas online Question Pro será un aliado clave para crear, distribuir y analizar la investigación. También nos acompañarán en el camino Two Much y Empírica Online.
iWith.org se ha propuesto lanzar una encuesta para contestar la siguiente pregunta: "Cómo las ONG hacen uso de Internet en el mundo?". El software Question Pro, diseñado crear, distribuir y analizar encuestas en línea, será el socio estratégico de iWith.org para una investigación que llevaremos a cabo entre el año 2016 y 2017. También nos acompañarán el grupo de investigadores sociales TwoMuch y la plataforma EmpiricaOnline. El estudio detallará cómo las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro hacen uso de Internet en los países pequeños de Europa y Lationamérica. Las preguntas que realizaremos giraran alrededor de los siguientes temas:
 
  • El uso de las redes sociales
  • La presencia en Internet a través de una página web
  • El email márqueting
  • Las iniciativas de crowdfunding llevadas a cabo en Internet

La encuesta será una continuación del estudio hecho durante 2011: “La solidaridad y yo”. Uno de los hechos característicos del estudio es que se centrará en, sobre todo, países pequeños con menos de 70.000 km² en Europa y Latinoamérica. A continuación se presentan la lista de países:

- En Europa: Irlanda, Georgia, Lituania, Letonia, Croacia, Bosnia y Herzegovina, Eslovaquia, Estonia, Dinamarca, Países Bajos, Suiza, Moldavia, Bélgica, Armenia, Albania, República de Macedonia, Eslovenia, Montenegro, Chipre, Luxemburgo, Andorra, Malta, Liechtenstein, San Marino, Mónaco y Ciudad del Vaticano.  

- En Latinoamérica: Cuba, Guatemala, Panamá, Costa Rica, República Dominicana, Haití, Belice, El Salvador, Bahamas, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad y Tobago, Dominica, Santa Lucía, Antigua y Barbuda, Barbados, San Vicente y las Granadinas, Granada, San Cristóbal y Nieves.

Para realizar la encuesta con éxito, hemos contactado a organizaciones partner en cada país. Actualmente nos encontramos en la fase de aceptación de dichas entidades, que serán los puntos focales que nos ayudarán en nuestra misión.
 
QuestionPro nos apoya con acceso gratuito a su software para encuestas

                                                         
 


          Tobago en Grenada 23 maart - 26 april        
none
          I Carmona | Devon Seale | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

I Carmona | Devon Seale | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/feeds/343703643586887162/comments/default
          Die To Live | Curlissa Charles | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Die To Live | Curlissa Charles | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/feeds/9112352082054960645/comments/default
          Civilized | Fabikur | Trinidad &Tobago 2017        

Civilized | Fabikur | Trinidad &Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/feeds/8763531953237590276/comments/default
          Gee Gee Ree | Crazy | Trinidad &Tobago 2017        

Gee Gee Ree | Crazy | Trinidad &Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/feeds/3376418663060332669/comments/default
          The Poor Man's Cry | Ras Kommanda | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

The Poor Man's Cry | Ras Kommanda | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/feeds/1951646990401590948/comments/default
          Donald and Hillary | Crazy | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Donald and Hillary | Crazy | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/feeds/8257819953826034356/comments/default
          Pokemon | Crazy | Trinidad and Tobago 2017        

Pokemon | Crazy | Trinidad and Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/pokemon-crazy-trinidad-and-tobago-2017.html
          1995 | Bunji Garlin | Trindad & Tobago 2017        

1995 | Bunji Garlin | Trindad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/1995-bunji-garlin-trindad-tobago-2017.html
          Single/Remix | Orlando Octave/Ravi B | T'dad/Tobago 2017        

Single/Remix | Orlando Octave/Ravi B | T'dad/Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/singleremix-orlando-octaveravi-b.html
          Your Time | Machel Montano | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Your Time | Machel Montano | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/your-time-machel-montano-trinidad.html
          Chutney Soca Monarch Semi-Finalists | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Chutney Soca Monarch Semi-Finalists | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/chutney-soca-monarch-semi-finalists.html
          Recruit | Terri Lyons ft. Skinny Fabulous | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Recruit | Terri Lyons ft. Skinny Fabulous | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/recruit-terri-lyons-ft-skinny-fabulous.html
          Cleansing Fire | Singing Sandra | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Cleansing Fire | Singing Sandra | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/cleansing-fire-singing-sandra-trinidad.html
          Tribute to Bertie Marshall | Gary Cordner | Trinidad and Tobago 2017        

Tribute to Bertie Marshall | Gary Cordner | Trinidad and Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/tribute-to-bertie-marshall-gary-cordner.html
          Panorama 2017 Large Bands Song Selections | Trinidad & Tobago        

Panorama 2017 Large Bands Song Selections | Trinidad & Tobago
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/panorama-2017-large-bands-song.html
          Dancer | Drupatee ft. Rikki Jai | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Dancer | Drupatee ft. Rikki Jai | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/dancer-drupatee-ft-rikki-jai-trinidad.html
          Chutney Soca Fiasco | Stolen Melodies | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Chutney Soca Fiasco | Stolen Melodies | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/chutney-soca-fiasco-stolen-melodies.html
          Party We Love | Problem Child | Trinidad & Tobago/SVG 2017        

Party We Love | Problem Child | Trinidad & Tobago/SVG 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/party-we-love-problem-child-trinidad.html
          Waves | Machel Montano | Trinidad & Tobago 2017        

Waves | Machel Montano | Trinidad & Tobago 2017
http://www.sokah2soca.com/2017/01/wave-machel-montano-trinidad-tobago-2017.html
          PART II: The tale of Trinidad and Tobago — Mochima, Venezuela        
DOS GRINGOS EN SUDAMERICA
          Comment on Nature’s Sleep Memory Foam Vitex 2 Pillow Review + Slippers Giveaway – Ends 4/11/13 (T) by Krista Grandstaff        
I like the Tobago - medium firm mattress, if I'm allowed to dream big! :)
          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
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          15 DE JULHO,DIA INTERNACIONAL DO HOMEM        
 
No dia 15 de Julho, comemora-se o Dia do Homem no Brasil. Já em outros países, a data firmada para tal solenização é 19 de novembro, dia que marca o início da data comemorativa, criada em 1999, por Dr. Jerome teelucksingh, em Trinidad e Tobago. Hoje, em caráter internacional, é celebrada na Jamaica, Austrália, Índia, Itália, Estados Unidos, Nova Zelândia, Moldávia, Haiti, Singapura, Malta, África do Sul, Gana, Hungria, Canadá, China e Reino Unido.
A criação da data teve como objetivo a promoção da saúde dos homens e a busca por igualdade entre gêneros, destacando a discriminação sofrida e enfatizando as conquistas e melhorias trazidas por eles em diversos aspectos que envolvem sociedade e família.
Desde o início da celebração, a UNESCO (Organização das Nações Unidas para a Educação, Ciência e Cultura) apoia a iniciativa e, através de sua representante, Sra. Ingeborg Breines, diretora da Secretaria de Mulheres e Cultura de Paz, afirma que “é uma excelente ideia e que daria um certo equilíbrio de gênero”.
O artigo 1° da Declaração Universal de Direitos Humanos relata:
“Todos os seres humanos nascem livres e iguais em dignidade e em direitos. Dotados de razão e de consciência, devem agir uns para com os outros em espírito de fraternidade.”
O Dia do Homem tem igual importância ao Dia da Mulher, pois ambos têm o seu espaço na sociedade e buscam objetivos semelhantes como a promoção da vida, o bem-estar da família, o cuidado com o meio ambiente e a busca pela saúde física e mental.

Por Gabriela Cabral
Equipe Brasil Escola

          Producto        

La empresa Adidas es actualmente el líder europeo de productos deportivos. Los productos de Adidas (calzados, ropa y accesorios) se encuentran en todo el mundo, sus inconfundibles “tres tiras” aparecen tanto en competencias deportivas de alto rango, las calles y los comercios.

Desde 1970, Adidas es el patrocinador, proveedor y titular oficial de la Copa Mundial de Fútbol. En este evento, Adidas se encarga de proveer los balones de fútbol y la vestimenta de los árbitros, árbitros asistentes, y recogepelotas. El 19 de enero de 2005, Adidas Group anunció una extensión de la sociedad entre la compañía textil y la FIFA, ganando los derechos del evento del 2010 y del 2014. Adidas es el patrocinador de varios clubes en el mundo (como por ejemplo A.C. Milan, Bayern München, Chelsea FC, Liverpool FC, SL Benfica, Real Madrid, River Plate, Universidad de Chile, Deportivo Cali, Once Caldas, entre otros). Además, patrocina a una serie de selecciones de fútbol, entre las que se encuentran: Alemania, Argentina, España, Francia, Japón, y Trinidad y Tobago , Venezuela y Mexico con la que firmó el pasado 4 de octubre de 2006 un contrato de más de 70 millones de dólares, colocando a esta selección entre las 10 mejores pagadas del mundo. Además, Adidas es proveedor de una serie de deportistas, entre los que se destacan: Kaká, Michael Ballack, Diego Tristán, David Beckham, Lionel Messi, Marcelo Salas, Juan Arango, Xavi Hernández y Raúl González, entre otros.


          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our team is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps, VISAs and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          The English are Coming (and other WCQ Notes).        
Among the key games on TV Wednesday: *11:30 a.m. Fox Soccer Channel Northern Ireland-Slovakia *2 p.m. FSC Wales-Russia *3:30 p.m. ESPN Classic Trinidad & Tobago-U.S. *5:30 p.m. Telemundo Mexico-Honduras In 2007 I watched at the Croatian Hall in San Pedro … Continue reading
          Eating the Globe: Zimbabwe        

I tried cooking Zimbabwean beef stew last weekend. It was rather unremarkable. The recipe called for virtually no spices. I cut the meat portion in half and doubled the curry powder, and it was still bland. It was straight out of a 1950s American cookbook-- tasteless. I added the spinach and rice, which were not called for in the recipe.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Tunisia, Zimbabwe
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Bandar Udara London Gatwick        
Bandar Udara London Gatwick (IATA: LGW, ICAO: EGKK) merupakan bandar udara terbesar ke-2 dan tersibuk ke-2 di London setelah Heathrow. Gatwick juga merupakan bandar udara tersibuk dengan landasan pacu tunggal, dan bandar udara tersibuk ke-22 (ke-7 berdasarkan jumlah penumpang internasional) di dunia berdasarkan jumlah penumpang per tahunnya. Terletak di Crawley, West Sussex (sebenarnya Charlwood, Surrey) 2.7 nm (5 km atau 3 mil) utara dari pusat kora, dan 24.7 nm (46 km atau 28 mil) selatan London, dan 40 km utara Brighton.London Gatwick memiliki CAA Public USE Aerodrome Licence (Nomor P528) yang mengizinkan penerbangan transport penumpang atau untuk instruksi
penerbangan.Dengan sekitar 200 destinasi, bandar udara ini telah menangani lebih dari 34 juta penumpang dengan 263,363 pergerakan pesawat pada 2006.Banyak penerbangan dari dan menuju Amerika Serikat menggunakan Gatwick karena banyaknya larangan pada penerbangan Trans-Atlantik dari Heathrow. Bandar udara ini merupakan hub kedua bagi British Airways dan Virgin Atlantic.

Maskapai Penerbangan dan Kota Tujuan
Terminal Utara
Pengguna utama Terminal Utara adalah British Airways dan operator Oneworld lainnya.
Adria Airways (Ljubljana)
Air Comet (Madrid)
Air France
Air France dioperasikan oleh Brit Air (Strasbourg)
Air Namibia (Windhoek)
Air Southwest (Newquay, Plymouth)
Arkia Israel Airlines (Tel Aviv)
American Airlines (Dallas/Fort Worth, Raleigh/Durham [diakhiri 29 Maret])
Astraeus (Accra, Alghero, Aqaba, Aswan, Banjul, Bastia, Bergen, Bodrum, Brescia, Calvi, Chambery, Corfu, Deer Lake, Dubrovnik, El Alamein, Fagernes, Freetown, Geneva, Hassi Messaoud, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kuusamo, Las Palmos, Malabo, Malaga, Monrovia, Murcia, Murmansk, Mykonos, Olbia, Paphos, Preveza,Santorini, St. John's, Salzburg, Sharm El Sheikh, Split, Taba, Tenerife, Thira,Verona,Volus, Uralsk, Zadar, Zakinthos)
Atlas Blue (Marrakech)
British Airways (Aberdeen, Algiers [diakhiri 30 Maret], Amsterdam, Antalya [dimulaii 30 Maret], Antigua, Atlanta, Barcelona, Bari, Bermuda, Bologna, Bordeaux, Bridgetown, Cagliari, Catania, Dallas/Fort Worth [diakhiri 30 Maret], Dresden, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Geneva, Genoa [dimulai 30 Maret], Glasgow-International, Grenada, Grenoble, Houston-Intercontinental [diakhiri 30 Maret], Izmir, Jersey, Kingston, Krakow, Luxembourg, Lyon-Satolas [seasonal], Madrid, Manchester, Marseille, Naples, Newquay, Nice, Orlando, Pisa, Poznan [begins 30 March], Port of Spain, Prague, Priština, Reykjavik-Keflavik, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Sarajevo, St Lucia, Split, Tampa, Tirana, Thessaloniki, Tobago, Toulouse, Turin, Varna, Venice, Verona, Warsaw [dimulai 30 Maret], Zürich)
British Airways operated by GB Airways (Agadir, Ajaccio, Alicante, Arrecife, Bastia, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fez, Funchal, Gibraltar, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marrakech, Montpellier, Mykonos, Nantes, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Rhodes, Sharm el Sheikh, Tenerife South, Tunis)
Brussels Airlines (Brussels)
Clickair (Seville)
Continental Airlines (Cleveland [seasonal], Houston-Intercontinental, Newark)
Cyprus Turkish Airlines (Antalya, Dalaman)
Daallo Airlines (Djibouti)
Delta Air Lines (Atlanta, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky, New York-JFK)
Emirates (Dubai)
First Choice Airways (Agadir, Alicante, Almeria, Antayla, Antigua, Arrecife, Aruba, Banjul, Barcelona, Bodrum, Bourgas, Cancún, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Goa, Grenoble, Heraklion, Holguin, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kittala, Kos, Krakow, Liberia (CR), Larnaca, Las Palmas, Ljubljana, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Malta, Mitilini, Mombasa, Monastir, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Porlamar, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Porlamar, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, St. Thomas, Skiathos, Taba, Tel Aviv, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Turin, Varadero, Varna, Verona, Zadar, Zakynthos)
FlyLal (Vilnius)
GB Airways Charter (Aqaba, Aswan, Geneva, Kittilla, Kuusamo, Luxor, Lyon, Salzburg)
Israir (Tel Aviv)
Malév Hungarian Airlines (Budapest)
Nationwide Airlines (Johannesburg)
Oman Air (Muscat [dimulai 15 November])
TAROM (Cluj Napoca)
Virgin Nigeria (Lagos)

Terminal Selatan
Aer Lingus (Dublin)
African Safari Airways (Mombasa)
Afriqiyah Airways (Tripoli)
Air Zimbabwe (Harare)
Air Malta (Catania, Malta)
Air Transat (Calgary, Fredericton [begins 6 May], Halifax [dimulai 6 Mei], Montréal, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver)
airBaltic (Riga, Vilnius)
Alexandair (Heraklion, Kos)
Aurigny Air (Guernsey)
Azerbaijan Airlines (Baku)
Belavia (Minsk)
BH Air (Bourgas, Plovdiv, Sofia, Varna)
BritishJET (Malta)
Bulgaria Air (Sofia, Varna)
Centralwings (Krakow, Warsaw, Wroclaw)
Croatia Airlines (Dubrovnik, Pula, Split)
Cubana de Aviación (Havana, Holguin)
easyJet (Alicante, Almeria, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Belfast-International, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bucharest-Băneasa, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Edinburgh, Faro, Gdansk, Geneva, Glasgow-International, Ibiza, Inverness, Innsbruck [begins 14 December], Krakow, La Rochelle, Lisbon, Madrid, Malaga, Marrakech, Marseille, Menorca, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Prague, Rome-Ciampino, Sofia, Split, Toulouse, Valencia, Venice)
Estonian Air (Tallinn)
Eurocypria Airlines (Larnaca, Paphos)
European Aviation Air Charter (Rimini)
Flybe (Belfast-City, Guernsey, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey)
Flyglobespan (Calgary [dimulai 13 Mei], Vancouver [dimulai 13 Mei]) [seasonal]
Free Bird Airlines (Antalya, Dalaman)
Ghana International Airlines (Accra)
Germanwings (Hamburg)
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum (Mahon)
Jet2.com (Newcastle)
Karthago Airlines (Monastir)
KD Avia (Kaliningrad)
LTE International Airways (Las Palmas, Palma, Tenerife)
Meridiana (Cagliari, Florence, Olbia)
Monarch Airlines (scheduled) (Alicante, Arrecife, Faro, Granada, Ibiza, Lisbon, Malaga, Murcia, Tenerife)
Monarch Airlines (charter) (Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Banjul, Barbados, Barcelona, Bodrum, Calgary, Cancún, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Faro, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Goa, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Luxor, Lyon, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Mombasa, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, Sofio, Taba, Tenerife, Toulouse, Trivandrum, Turin, Venice, Verona, Zacinthos)
MyTravel Airways (Agadir, Almeria, Arrecife, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Corfu, Dalaman, Edmonton, Fuerteventura, Gerona, Goa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kefallinia, Kos, La Romana, Las Palmas, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Monastir, Montego Bay, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Tenerife, Toronto-Pearson, Turin, Vancouver, Zakinthos)
Northwest Airlines (Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul)
Norwegian Air Shuttle (Oslo, Stavanger)
Nouvelair Tunisia (Djerba, Monastir)
Oasis Hong Kong Airlines (Hong Kong)
Olympic Airlines (Athens, Thessaloniki)
Onur Air (Bodrum, Dalaman)
Pegasus Airlines (Dalaman)
Qatar Airways (Doha)
Rossiya (St. Petersburg)
Ryanair (Cork, Dublin, Shannon)
Scandinavian Airlines System (Aalesund, Bergen)
SATA International (Ponta Delgada)
Sterling Airlines (Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm-Arlanda)
Sudan Airways (Khartoum)
TAP Portugal (Funchal, Lisbon, Porto)
Thomsonfly (Agadir, Alghero, Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Cancun, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Enontekio, Faro, Figari, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Gerona, Goa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kavala, Kefallinia, Kos, Las Palmas, Lamezia, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Luxor, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Montego Bay, Niš [seasonal], Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Plovdiv, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Reus, Rovaniemi, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Sofia, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Turin, Varadero, Varna, Verona, Zakynthos)
Thomas Cook Airlines (Agadir, Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Banjul, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Cayo Coco, Corfu, Cunagua, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Halifax, Hassi Messaoud, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Lyon, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Monastir, Montréal, Munich, Orlando-Sanford, Ottawa, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Plovdiv, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, Sofia, Split, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Thira, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Turin, Vancouver, Varadero, Verona, Zakinthos)
Ukraine International Airlines (Kiev-Boryspil)
US Airways (Charlotte, Philadelphia)
Viking Airlines (Heraklion)
Virgin Atlantic (Antigua, Barbados [diakhiri 11 Desember/dimulai 17 Maret], Grenada, Havana, Kingston, Las Vegas, Montego Bay, Orlando, St Lucia, Tobago)
Wizz Air (Katowice [dimulai 31 Januari])
XL Airways (Alicante, Algarve, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Athens, Barbados, Bastia, Bodrum, Brescia, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Goa, Grenada, Heraklion, Holguin, Hurghada, Kalamata, Kavala, Kefallina, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Lemnos, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Mitilini, Mombasa, Murcia, Mykonos, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Pula, Punta Cana, Rhodes, Samos, Santa Clara, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, St. Kitts,St.lucia, Taba, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Thira, Tobago, Volos, Zakinthos)
Zoom Airlines (Kanada) (Calgary, Edmonton, Halifax, Montréal, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg)
Zoom Airlines (UK) (Bermuda, New York-JFK)

Terminal Selatan
Terminal Selatan dibanguna selama konstruksi Bandar Udara London Gatwick pada tahun 1956-1958.
African Safari Airways (Mombasa)
Afriqiyah Airways (Tripoli)
Air Atlanta Europe (Faro, Hurghada, Paphos, Orlando-Sanford, Sharm el-Sheikh)
Air Zimbabwe (Harare)
Air Malta (Catania, Malta)
Air Transat (Calgary, Halifax, Montréal, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver)
airBaltic (Riga, Vilnius)
Alexandair (Heralion, Kos)
Aurigny Air (Guernsey)
Azerbaijan Airlines (Baku)
Belavia (Minsk)
BH Air (Bourgas, Plovdiv, Sofia, Varna)
BritishJET (Malta)
Bulgaria Air (Sofia, Varna)
Centralwings (Krakow, Warsaw, Wroclaw)
Continental Airlines (Cleveland [seasonal], Houston-Intercontinental, Newark)[dipindahkan ke Terminal Utara pada Juni 2007]
Croatia Airlines (Dubrovnik, Pula, Split)
Cubana de Aviación (Havana, Holguin)
easyJet (Alicante, Almeria, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Belfast-International, Berlin-Schönefeld, Budapest, Cologne/Bonn, Edinburgh, Faro, Fez [begins September 2007], Geneva, Glasgow-International, Ibiza, Inverness, Krakow [begins September 2007], La Rochelle [begins July 14, 2007], Madrid, Malaga, Marrakech, Marseille, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Olbia, Palermo [begins June 18, 2007], Palma de Mallorca, Pisa, Prague, Rome-Ciampino, Split, Toulouse, Valencia, Venice)
Estonian Air (Tallinn)
Eurocypria Airlines (Larnaca, Paphos)
European Aviation Air Charter (Rimini)
Flybe (Belfast-City, Bergerac, Guernsey, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey)
Flyglobespan (Calgary, Toronto-Hamilton, Vancouver)
FlyLal (Vilnius)
Free Bird Airlines (Antalya, Dalaman)
Futura (Tenerife)
Ghana International Airlines (Accra)
Germanwings (Hamburg)
Iberia
operated by Air Nostrum (Mahon)
Jet2.com (Newcastle)
Karthago Airlines (Monastir)
LTE International Airways (Las Palmas, Palma, Tenerife)
Meridiana (Cagliari, Florence, Olbia)
Monarch Airlines (Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Banjul, Barbados, Barcelona, Bodrum, Calgary, Cancún, Chania, Colombo, Corfu, Faro, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Goa, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Luxor, Lyon, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Mombasa, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, Sofio, Taba, Tenerife, Toulouse, Trivandrum, Turin, Venice, Verona, Zakyinthos)
Monarch Airlines (Alicante, Faro, Granada, Lisbon, Malaga)
MyTravel Airways (Agadir, Almeria, Arrecife, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Corfu, Dalaman, Fuerteventura, Gerona, Goa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kefallinia, Kos, La Romana, Las Palmas, Mahon, Malaga, Male, Monastir, Montego Bay, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Tenerife, Toronto-Pearson, Turin, Vancouver, Zakynthos)
Northwest Airlines (Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul)
Nouvelair Tunisia (Djerba, Monastir)
Oasis Hong Kong Airlines (Hong Kong)
Olympic Airlines (Athens, Thessaloniki)
Onur Air (Bodrum, Dalaman)
Pegasus Airlines (Dalaman)
Qatar Airways (Doha)
Rossiya Airlines (St. Petersburg)
Ryanair (Cork, Dublin, Shannon)
Scandinavian Airlines System (Aalesund [dimulai pada 1 Juni 2007], Bergen)
SATA International (Ponta Delgada)
Sterling Airlines (Aalborg, Billund, Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda)
Sudan Airways (Khartoum)
TAP Portugal (Funchal, Lisbon, Porto)
Thomsonfly (Agadir, Alghero, Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Cancun, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Enontekio, Faro, Figari, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Gerona, Goa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kavala, Kefallinia, Kos, La Palma [begins November 2007], Lamezia, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Luxor, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Montego Bay, Niš [seasonal], Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Plovdiv, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Reus, Rovaniemi, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Sofia, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Toulouse, Turin, Varadero, Varna, Verona, Zakynthos)
Thomas Cook Airlines (Agadir, Alicante, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Banjul, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Calgary, Cancun, Cayo Coco, Corfu, Cunagua, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Geneva, Halifax, Hassi Messaoud, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kalamata, Kefallinia, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Lyon, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Monastir, Montréal, Munich, Orlando-Sanford, Ottawa, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Plovdiv, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, Sofia, Split, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Thira, Toronto-Pearson, Toulouse, Turin, Vancouver, Varadero, Verona, Zakynthos)
Titan Airways (Chambery)
Travel Service (Prague)
Ukraine International Airlines (Kiev-Boryspil)
US Airways (Charlotte, Philadelphia)
Viking Airlines (Heraklion)
Virgin Atlantic (Antigua, Barbados, Grenada, Havana, Las Vegas, Montego Bay, Orlando, Port Louis [dimulai pada November 2007], St Lucia, Tobago)
Zoom Airlines (Canada) (Calgary, Edmonton, Halifax, Montréal, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg)
Zoom Airlines (UK) (Bermuda [dimulai pada 8 Juni 2007], New York-JFK [dimulai pada 21 Juni, 2007])
XL Airways (Alicante, Algarve, Almeria, Antalya, Arrecife, Athens, Barbados, Bastia, Bodrum, Brescia, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Goa, Grenada, Heraklion, Holguin, Hurghada, Kalamata, Kavala, Kefallina, Kos, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Lemnos, Mahon, Malaga, Malta, Marsa Alam, Mitilini, Mombasa, Murcia, Mykonos, Naples, Orlando-Sanford, Palma, Paphos, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Pula, Punta Cana, Rhodes, Samos, Santa Clara, Sharm el Sheikh, Skiathos, St. Kitts, Taba, Tenerife, Thessaloniki, Thira, Tobago, Volos, Zakynthos)

Referensi
United Kingdom AIP
Gwyne, Peter. (1990) A History of Crawley (2nd Edition) Philmore. ISBN 0-85033-718-6
King, John, with Tait, Geoff, (1980) Golden Gatwick, 50 Years of Aviation, British Airports Authority.

Pranala luar
Website Resmi Bandar Udara Gatwick
Gatwick Airport Consultative Committee
Website Gatwick Airport Planespotting
Peta dan Foto Udara
Gambar satelit dari WikiMapia atau Google Maps
Peta jalan dari Multimap atau GlobalGuide
Foto udara dari TerraServer
Sumber, http://id.wikipedia.org/


          CLT20 2013: Chennai Super Kings vs Trinidad & Tobago Highlights 02 October 2013        
Chennai Super Kings vs Trinidad & Tobago Highlights of Champions League Twenty20 2013, 20th Match, Group B on October 2nd played at Feroz Shah Kotla, Delhi.
          à¤‡à¤¸à¥à¤²à¤¾à¤® न तो धर्म है औऱ न ही संप्रदाय        
इस्लाम न तो धर्म है औऱ न ही संप्रदाय ,इसके पूरे संदर्भ मैं ये एक संपूर्ण 100 प्रतिशत जीवन जीने का एक तरीका है.इस्लाम मैं धार्मिक,कानूनी,राजनीतिक,आर्थिक सामाजिक व सामरिक पहलू है.

किसी भी देश मैं इस्लामी करण का प्रारंभ होता है जब पर्याप्त मात्रा मैं मुस्लिम जनसंख्या होती है और वे इसके लिए उग्रता दिखाने की स्थिति मैं होते हैं और जब राजनीतिक रूप से जागरूक और सहनशील समाज मुस्रलिमों की कुछ धार्मिक बातों को मान लेते हैं तब उनकी कुछ और मांगें धीरे से आगे आजाती है…….ये किस तरह काम करता है…. उस देश मैं हो जब तक मुस्लिम जनसंख्या 2 प्रतिशत या कम हो तो मुस्लिम समाज एक शांतिप्रिय समाज है जो किसी भी प्रकार से अन्य नागरिकों के लिए खतरा नहीं दिखाई देता है जैसा कि ….

United States -- Muslim 0.6%,Australia -- Muslim 1.5%,,canada -- Muslim 1.9%,China -- Muslim 1.8%,Italy -- Muslim 1.5%,Norway -- Muslim 1.8%
जब ये जनसंख्या 2-5 प्रतिशत तक पहुंच जाती है तब धर्मांतरण प्रारंभ होता है,जो अक्सर अन्य धर्म के अल्पसंख्यकों और जैलों मैं अलग थलग पङे लोगों से होता है ….जैसा कि निम्नांकित है…..
Denmark -- Muslim 2%,Germany -- Muslim 3.7%,United Kingdom -- Muslim 2.7%,Spain -- Muslim 4%,Thailand -- Muslim 4.6%,प्रतिशत से ज्यादा होने पर ये अपनी जनसंख्या के अनुपात से ज्याद मांगे रखना शुरु कर देते है……जैसे वे हलाल के मांस की मांग करेंगे एक तरह से जोब सिक्यूरिटी हो गई मुस्लिमों की खाने की इंडस्ट्री मैं…..सुपरमार्केट्स पर हलाल के मांस के अलग स्टाल लगाने का दबाव बनाया जाता है अन्यथा उनके बहिष्कार की धमकियां दी जाती हैजैसा कि निम्न देशों मैं हो रहा है……
France -- Muslim 8%,Philippines -- Muslim 5%,Sweden -- Muslim 5%,Switzerland -- Muslim 4.3%,The Netherlands -- Muslim 5.5%,Trinidad & Tobago -- Muslim 5.8%

और अब समय आता है जब वे सरकार से ऐसे कानून बनाने की बात करते हैं कि उनके ऊपर सिर्फ शरियत लागू की जाये…..क्यों कि मुसलमानों का अंतिम लक्ष्य पूरे विश्व मैं शरियत लागू करना है…..

जब मुस्लिम जनसंख्या 10 प्रतिशत या ज्यादा हो जाती है तो अपनी बनाई हुई बिगङी हुई परिस्थितियों के लिये आंदोलन करना शुरू करते हैं….और यदि कोई गैर मुसलमान इस्लाम के प्रति असम्मान जताते है तो ये धमकियां देना शुरु कर देते हैं और दंगा भङकाने की कोशिश करते हैं. जैसा कि एम्सटर्डम मैं हुआ जहां मुहम्मद साहब का कार्टून बनाने के बाद धमकियां दी गई……..

Guyana -- Muslim 10%,India -- Muslim 13.4%,Israel -- Muslim 16%,Kenya -- Muslim 10%,Russia -- Muslim 15%

और जब जनसंख्या 20 प्रतिशत या उससे अधिक हो तो छोटी छोटी बात पर दंगा करना….जिहादी ग्रुप बनाना,हत्यायें करना ….मंदिर और चर्च जला देना आम बात हो जाती है जैसा कि ……
Ethiopia -- Muslim 32.8%
At 40%, nations experience widespread massacres, chronic terror attacks, and ongoing militia warfare, such as in:
Bosnia -- Muslim 40%,Chad -- Muslim 53.1%,Lebanon -- Muslim 59.7%

60 प्रतिशत से ऊपर वाली जनसंख्या वाले देशों मैं गैर मुस्लिमों को औऱ अन्य मुस्लिम समुदाय जैसे पाकिस्तान मैं अहमदिया पर स्वायंभू तरीके से मुकदमें चलाकर उन्हें परेशान किया जाता है औऱ एक तरह से उनकी सामुहिक हत्यायें आदि करके उनको खत्म किया जाता है…..औऱ इसके लिए हथियार बनाया जाता है शरिया कानून को औऱ जजिया कर जो कि काफिरों पर लगाया गया टैक्स है कि वे शांति से जी सकें…….जैसा निम्न देशों मैं हो रहा है……
Albania -- Muslim 70%,Malaysia -- Muslim 60.4%,Qatar -- Muslim 77.5%,Sudan -- Muslim 70%

औऱ 80 प्रतिशत के बाद हिंसक जिहाद औऱ हत्यायें रोजमर्रा का काम हो जाता है…..याने राज्य द्वारा प्रायोजित सामुहिक हत्यायें क्यों कि काफिरों को खत्म करना इन देशों की मूल नीति होती हैऔर 100 प्रतिशत मुस्लिम जनसंख्या लक्ष्य जैसा कि निम्न देशों मै हो रहा है….
Egypt -- Muslim 90%,Gaza -- Muslim 98.7%,Indonesia -- Muslim 86.1%,Iran -- Muslim 98%,Iraq -- Muslim 97%,Jordan -- Muslim 92%,Morocco -- Muslim 98.7%,Pakistan -- Muslim 97%,Palestine -- Muslim 99%,Syria -- Muslim 90%,Tajikistan -- Muslim 90%,Turkey -- Muslim 99.8%,United Arab Emirates -- Muslim 96%

और जहां संपूर्ण लक्ष्य प्राप्तकर लिया जाता है वहां दार –ए -सलाम के रूप मैं शांति का प्रवेश होता है…..और वहां पूरी तरह से शांति औऱ शांति ही होनी चाहिये क्यों कि हर व्यक्ति मुसलमान है…..विध्यालयों की जगह सिऱ्फ मदरसे होते हैं औऱ कोरान ही सिर्फ साहित्य होता है……..चारों और इस्लाम का बोलबाला होता है…..सिर्फ कुरान सुनाई देती है जैसा इन देशों मैं हुआ है…….

पर दुर्भाग्य से शांति कभी नहीं आती जैसा कि इन देशों मैं हुआ है…जिनमें बिना किसी अपवाद के सबसे कट्टर मुसलमान रहते हैं और जो अपनी खून की प्यास को थोङे कम कटेटर मुसलमानों के खून से बुझाते हैं…..जिसके अनेक कारण गिनाये जा सकते हैं

Afghanistan -- Muslim 100%
Saudi Arabia -- Muslim 100%
Somalia -- Muslim 100%
Yemen -- Muslim 100%'

Before I was nine I had learned the basic canon of Arab life. It was me against my brother; me and my brother against our father; my family against my cousins and the clan; the clan against the tribe; the tribe against the world, and all of us against the infidel. -- Leon Uris, 'The Haj'

ये समझना बहुत ही महत्वपूर्ण है कि जिन देशों मैं मुस्लिम जनसंख्या 100 प्रतिशत से ठीक ठाक कम होती है जैसे फ्रांस जहां अल्पसंख्यक मुस्लिम जनसंख्या अपनी ही बनाई हुई बस्तियों मैं रहती है जहां वे शरियत कानून के अनुसार रहते हैं….जहां पुलिस प्रवेश भी नहीं करती………जहां न पुलिस न न्यायालय न विध्यालय और न हीं गैर मुस्लिमों के लिए कोई धार्मिक सुविधा होती है….ऐसे मैं मुस्लिम समाज के अन्य वर्गों के साथ मिल भी नहीं सकते ……बच्चे मदरसों मैं जाते हैं और केवल कुरान सीखते हैं जिसमें वो जान पाते हैं कि काफिर की सजा केवल मौत है……………

आज
आज 1.5 अरब मुसलमान विश्व की जनसंख्या का 22 प्रतिशत है….पर उनकी जन्म दर ईसाई,हिंदु,बौंद्ध,यहूदी और अन्य सभी धर्मों के मानने वालो से अधिक है…इस सदी के अंत तक मुसलमान विश्व की जनसंख्या के 50 प्रतिशत से ज्यादा होंगे……….

सोचो………और सोचो…………….फिर क्या होगा…..

Adapted from Dr. Peter Hammond's book: Slavery, Terrorism and Islam: The Historical Roots and Contemporary Threat.

साभार - विनय खंडेलवाल, जमशेदपुर
चित्र साभार - गुगल


          US teachers visit Trinidad and Tobago to develop science curriculum        
Teachers from the Omaha Public School in Nebraska, United States of America (USA) will be visiting Trinidad and Tobago to learn more about our country’s biodiversity and abundant eco systems as they seek to boost their Science curriculum and help students appreciate the varying scientific cultures of our twin island paradise.
          GBIF abre convocatoria BID a propuestas del Caribe y el Pacífico        

GBIF invita a la presentación de propuestas de financiamiento del Caribe y el Pacífico bajo el programa de Información de Biodiversidad para el Desarrollo (BID). El financiamiento total potencialmente asignado a estas dos convocatorias es de €1.000.000, o €500.000 para cada región.

Lea las convocatorias completas para:

La primera fase del financiamiento de proyectos a través del BID proveyó cerca de €1 millón a 23 proyectos en el África sub-sahariana. Los beneficiarios incluyen 34 organizaciones de 20 países africanos, cuyos proyectos fueron merecedores de selección por un jurado internacional a partir de un grupo inicial de 143 propuestas.

Las nuevas convocatorias para el Caribe y el Pacífico buscan proyectos que:

  • Movilizarán datos de biodiversidad relacionados con áreas protegidas, especies amenazadas y especies invasoras
  • Usarán y extenderán mejores prácticas para digitalizar colecciones de historia natural y movilizar otros datos de biodiversidad
  • Aplicarán datos de biodiversidad en apoyo a la toma de decisiones e investigación
  • Desarrollarán redes nacionales, regionales o temáticas duraderas para apoyar el compartir y reutilizar datos

Tipos de financiamiento

GBIF invita propuestas en tres categorías generales de financiamiento.

  1. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad regionales que establecen o fortalecen colaboraciones internacionales para incrementar la disponibilidad y utilización de datos de biodiversidad. NOTA: Un consorcio regional debe involucrar socios de al menos tres diferentes países o territorios de ultramar de la región. El coordinador del consorcio y al menos uno de los otros socios debe estar localizados en un país de la region (ver la lista de países elegibles en el Caribe y el Pacífico). Cada socio puede recibir hasta €20.000 y el coordinador del consorcio puede recibir un máximo de €30.000.
  2. Financiamiento para movilización de datos de biodiversidad nacionales que establecen o fortalecen instalaciones de información en biodiversidad nacional e incrementar los datos de biodiversidad disponibles acerca del país para responder a prioridades nacionales. Hasta €60.000 serán puestos a disposición por financiamiento nacional.
  3. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad pequeños que movilizan datos de biodiversidad relevantes para prioridades de conservación de biodiversidad con un máximo de €5.000.

Proceso de solicitud y cronograma

Dos jurados de expertos internacionales con experiencia en las regiones respectivas, evaluará las solicitudes a través de un proceso competitivo de dos etapas.

  • Notas conceptuales iniciales, usando las plantillas provistas, debe ser entregada antes del 10 de Noviembre del 2016.
  • Basado en las recomendaciones de los jurados, GBIF invitará un grupo seleccionado de solicitantes a preparar propuestas completas, para entregar a principios de Febrero del 2017.
  • Luego de una revisión y selección final a cargo de los jurados, GBIF anunciará los proyectos a financiar en Mayo del 2017.

Las plantillas de la nota conceptual y las directrices que le acompañan están disponibles para cada uno de los tres tipos de beca en el sitio de los solicitantes al BID.

Aquellos interesados en recibir actualizaciones sobre el programa BID pueden inscribirse para recibir alertas de correo electrónico. Preguntas y solicitudes generales pueden ser enviadas a BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Este programa está financiado por la Unión Europea.

 


Nuestro agradecimiento a William Ulate, Biodiversity Heritage Library / TDWG / Missouri Botanical Garden, y Anabela Plos, GBIF Argentina, por su ayuda con la traducción al español.

Images 
Isla de manglares

Isla de manglares, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF ouvre deux appels à projets BID pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique        

GBIF invite dès maintenant à soumettre des projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique en vue d’obtenir un financement dans le cadre du programme BID (l'Information sur la Biodiversité pour le Développement). Le montant total potentiel de ces deux appels à projets est 1.000.000 €, soit 500.000 par région.

Voyez ici les appels à projets détaillés:

La première phase du projet BID a permis de financer pour près d’un million d’euros 23 projets en Afrique subsaharienne. Les bénéficiaires sont 34 organisations issues de 20 pays africains dont les projets ont été sélectionnés par un jury international parmi 143 propositions initiales.

Ce nouvel appel à projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique cible des projets visant à :

  • Mobiliser des données sur la biodiversité concernant les zones protégées, les espèces menacées et les espèces exotiques envahissantes.
  • Utiliser et étendre les bonnes pratiques pour la numérisation des collections d’histoire naturelles et la mobilisation d’autres types de données.
  • Utiliser les données de biodiversité pour la prise de décision et la recherche.
  • Développer des réseaux nationaux, régionaux et thématiques durables de façon à soutenir les activités futures de partage et de réutilisation des données.

Catégories de subventions

GBIF lance un appel à projets pour trois grandes catégories de subventions:

  1. Subventions régionales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant des collaborations internationales visant à augmenter la disponibilité et l’usage des données sur la biodiversité. A NOTER : un consortium régional doit impliquer des partenaires issus d'au minimum 3 pays / territoires d’outre-mer de la région. Le coordinateur du consortium et au moins un autre partenaire doivent être situés dans un pays ACP (voir la liste des pays éligibles dans les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique). Chaque partenaire pourra recevoir jusqu’à 20.000 €, et le coordinateur du consortium pourra recevoir jusqu’à 30.000€.
  2. Subventions nationales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant un point nodal GBIF national et visant à augmenter la quantité de données disponibles sur le pays de façon à répondre aux priorités nationales. Jusqu’à 60.000 € pourront être alloués par subvention nationale.
  3. Petites subventions pour la mobilisation de données mobilisant des données de biodiversité adaptées aux priorités en matière de conservation, pour un financement maximal de 5000 €.

Procédure et délai

Deux jurys composés d’experts internationaux ayant de l’expérience dans la région évalueront les propositions selon une procédure en deux temps :

  • Une note conceptuelle initiale utilisant le formulaire fourni devra être soumise au plus tard le 10 novembre 2016.
  • Suivant les recommandations du jury, le GBIF invitera un groupe candidats sélectionnés à préparer une proposition détaillée pour début février 2017.
  • Après une évaluation finale et une sélection par les jurys, les projets financés démarreront en avril 2017.

Le formulaire pour la note conceptuelle et les recommandations associées sont disponibles sur le site BID pour chacune des trois catégories de subventions.

Si vous souhaitez recevoir les nouvelles informations sur le programme BID, vous pouvez vous inscrire aux alertes par courriel. Les questions et demandes d’ordre général peuvent être transmises à BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Ce programme est financé par l'Union européenne.

 


Nos remerciements à Nicolas Noé, Belgian Biodiversity Platform pour le soutien de la traduction.

 

 

Images 

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific        

GBIF invites the submission of proposals for funding from the Caribbean and the Pacific through the EU-funded Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme. The total potential funding assigned to these two calls is €1,000,000, or €500,000 for each region.

Read the complete calls for:

The first phase of project funding through BID provided nearly €1 million to 23 projects in sub-Saharan Africa. The recipients include 34 organizations from 20 African countries, whose projects earned selection by an international panel from an initial pool of 143 initial proposals.

The new calls for the Caribbean and the Pacific seek projects that will:

  • Mobilize biodiversity data relating to protected areas, threatened species, and invasive alien species
  • Use and extend best practices for digitizing natural history collections and mobilizing other biodiversity data
  • Apply biodiversity data in support of decision-making and research
  • Develop lasting national, regional or thematic networks to support ongoing data sharing and reuse

Types of grants

GBIF invites proposals in three broad categories of grants.

  1. Regional biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen international collaborations to increase the availability and use of biodiversity data. NOTE: A regional consortium must involve partners from a minimum of three different countries or overseas territories from the region. The consortium coordinator and at least one other partner must be located in an ACP country (see the list of eligible countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific). Each partner can receive up to €20,000 and the consortium coordinator may receive a maximum grant of €30,000.
  2. National biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen national biodiversity information facilities and to increase the biodiversity data available about the country to respond to national priorities. Up to €60,000 will be made available per national grant.
  3. Small biodiversity data mobilization grants that mobilize biodiversity data relevant for biodiversity conservation priorities with a maximum funding of €5,000.

Application process and timeline

Two panels of international experts with experience in the respective regions will evaluate applications through a competitive two-stage process.

  • Initial concept notes, using the templates provided for the Caribbean and the Pacific, must be submitted by 10 November 2016.
  • Based on the panels’ recommendations, GBIF will invite a select group of applicants to prepare full proposals, due in early February 2017.
  • Following a final review and selection by the panels, funded projects will start in April 2017.

The concept note template and accompanying guidelines are available for each of the three grant types on the BID grantseekers’ site.

Those interested in receiving updates on the BID programme can sign up for email alerts. General questions and inquiries may be sent to BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

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Mangrove island

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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          BAÚL DE LOS RECUERDOS - Aviones volados como Ocupante - Copiloto y/o Piloto (8)        
SOCATA TB-10 - TOBAGO - EC-GYC como Copiloto. Piloto Joaquin Folch

MOONEY M-20-E  EC-BBU como Copiloto: Pilotos: Gaspar Bestard - Juan Puig- Ramón Sugrañes

ROBIN  ATL  EC-FKB - como Copiloto. Piloto: Antonio Creus

FOURNIER RF-5 - Matrícula francesa, como Copiloto en el Aeroclub Clément Ader - Muret Toulouse (Francia)


CESSNA - 210 - CENTURION  EC-FGJ  como Copiloto. Piloto: Juan Casas

PIPER PA-28R  ARROW -  EC-BSV como Copiloto. Piloto Juan Casas


          OIL RIG ADDRESSES ALL OVER THE WORLD        
ABAN LOYD CHILES OFFSHORE
LTD
“Janpriya Crest”
No. 113, Pantheon Rd
Egmore, Chennai Tamil Nadu 600
008 INDIA
Phone: 91/044-28222400
Fax: 91/044-28229412
E-Mail:
abanloyd@abanindia.com
Web: www.abanindia.com
______________________

ABU DHABI GENERAL
MAINTENANCE AND PETROLEUM
SERVICES CO. (ADMASCO)
PO Box 7384
Abu Dhabi UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
Phone: 971/2 6775000
Fax: 971/2 6671099
E-Mail:
admasco@emirates.net.ae
_______________________________
ADOBE OILFIELD SERVICES, INC.
PO Box 12490
Odessa, Texas 79768 USA
8124 Sprague Rd
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-552-5553
Fax: 432-550-5782
E-Mail:
brendab@adobeservices.com
Web: www.adobeservices.com
___________________________________
ALADDIN MIDDLE EAST LTD.
Sogutozu Caddesi No 23
Balgat 06520
Ankara TURKEY
Phone: 90/312-2871915
Fax: 90/312-2873357
E-Mail: csayer@tr.net
ALEXANDER DRILLING INC.
PO Box 6162
Ft Smith, Arkansas 72906 USA
Phone: 918-436-2491
Fax: 918-436-2493
E-Mail: alexdrlg1@aol.com
Web: www.alexandersrilling.com
_______________________________________
ALTHEV OILFIELD SERVICES LTD.
3 Teak Street
Trincity TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Phone: 868-640-5604
Fax: 868-640-8619
E-Mail: awilliams@althev.com
____________________________________

AMERICAN DRILLING
CONTRACTORS, LLC
3100 La Plata Highway
Farmington, New Mexico 87401
USA
Phone: 505-564-3111
Fax: 505-564-3109
_______________________________
ANWAR AKKAD SONS COMPANY
5th Floor, Dar El Mohandseen Bldg
Arnos Square
Damascus SYRIA
Phone: 963/11 3322683
Fax: 963/11 3326666
E-Mail: unitedoil@mail.sy
______________________________________
APACHE DRILLING CO.
4001-A N. Main
Fort Worth, Texas 76106 USA
Phone: 817-625-7897
Fax: 702-552-9790
________________________________
PT APEXINDO PRATAMA DUTA
TBK
MEDCO Building 2nd-3rd floor
Jl Ampera Raya No 20
Cilandak
Jakarta 12560 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-7804766
Fax: 62/21-7804666
E-Mail: investorrelations@
apexindo.com
Web: www.Apexindo.com
______________________________________
PT APEXINDO PRATAMA DUTA
Jl. Jend. Sudirman
Balikpapan Permai Complex
Block L No 10-12
Balikpapan, East Kalimantan 76114
INDONESIA
Phone: 62/542-410258
Fax: 62/542-411788
E-Mail: investorrelations@
apexindo.com
________________________________
MESA DRILLING INC.
2929 Briarpark Dr
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-993-7082
Fax: 713-993-7084
____________________________________
ARAB DRILLING & WORKOVER CO.
PO Box 680
Tripoli LIBYA
Phone: 218/21-4804855
Fax: 218/21-4804998
E-Mail: adwoc@lttnet.net
______________________________________
ARROW DRILLING, LLC
3817 NW Expressway, Ste 605
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73112
USA
Phone: 405-917-7860
Fax: 405-917-7862
E-Mail:
bradpumphrey@coxinet.net
______________________________________
ARTESIA FISHING TOOL CO INC
P.O. Box 1370
Artesia, New Mexico 88211 USA
Phone: 505-746-3518
Fax: 505-748-2205
E-Mail: aftdrlg@pvtnetworks.net
_______________________________________
ASCOM GROUP S.A.
18, Renasterii Bld. Chisinau
Republic of Moldova MD-2005
MOLDOVA
Phone: 373/22-221872
Fax: 373/22-227566
E-Mail: info@ascom.md
___________________________________
CASCO-DRILLING CONTRACTOR
AND TURNKEY OPERATOR
Manghistau Oblast
Beyneu District, Borankul
Republic of Kazakhstan
KAZAKHSTAN
Phone: 7/3292510602
ASPEN DRILLING CO., INC.
9054 Highway So. 285
Morrison, Colorado 80465 USA
Phone: 303-697-8335
Fax: 303-697-6816
E-Mail: cmcaspen@aol.com
____________________________________
ASSOCIATION OF DRILLING
CONTRACTORS
PO Box 623
Moscow 117049 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-236-9714
Fax: 7/095-236-9714
__________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS
PO Box 218350
Houston, Texas 77218-8350 USA
15835 Park Ten Place Dr Ste 200
Houston, Texas 77084-5131 USA
Phone: 281-749-7800
Toll Free: 800-231-5924
Fax: 281-492-0345
Web: www.atwd.com
____________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS SERVICES
400 Orchard Rd #06-09A
Orchard Towers (Front Block)
Singapore 238875 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/7373492
Fax: 65/7336386
_____________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS AUSTRALIA
PTY. LTD.
35 Peel Rd
O’Connor, WAU 6163 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/8-93312099
Fax: 61/8-93371383
______________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS PACIFIC
LIMITED ATWOOD OCEANICS
INT’L., LIMITED
Road #11, #10B, 4th Floor
Maadi EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-706-6167
Fax: 20/2-706-6166
_____________________________________
____________________________

AXXIS DRILLING
1015 N. Cruse Avenue
Broussard, Louisiana 70518 USA
Phone: 337-837-8806
Fax: 337-837-8807
E-Mail: rborel@axxisdrilling.com
1 Inland Barges
Gulf Coast, USA
_____________________________________
AZTEC INT’L. LTD.
1000/40-41, 11th Flr, P.B. Tower
Sukhumvit 71 Road
Klongtonnua, Wattana
Bangkok 10110 THAILAND
Phone: 66/2-3910765
Fax: 66/2-3812800
E-Mail: info@aztec.co.th
Web: www.aztec.co.th
___________________________________
AZTEC WELL SERVICING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 100
Aztec, New Mexico 87410 USA
Phone: 505-334-6194
Fax: 505-334-8729
E-Mail: stewart-aws@digii.net
__________________________________________
BANDERA DRILLING CO., INC.
809 T & P Lane
Abilene, Texas 79602-3099 USA
Phone: 325-676-5591
Toll Free: 800-634-3693
Fax: 325-676-5599
E-Mail: ray@banderadrlg.com
Web: www.banderadrilling.com
_________________________________________
BARNICO DRILLING INC.
1006 An Co Rd 2212
Palestine 75803
Phone: 903-729-1509
Fax: 903-729-5793
___________________________________
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
P O Box 10460
Midland, Texas 79702 USA
400 West Illinois, Ste 800
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-620-5500
Fax: 432-620-5501
E-Mail:
info@basicenergyservices.com
Web:
www.basicenergyservices.com
_____________________________________________
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 10460
Midland, TX 79702 USA
406 N. Big Spring
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-571-8100
Fax: 432-620-5501
Charlie Swift, VP-Permian Division
Charley Gregg, Marketing
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
2417 Wilcox Drive
Norman, OK 73069 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Terry Yates, Manager-Mid
Continent Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 1519
Eastland, TX 76488 USA
14902 IH 20
Cisco, Texas 76437 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Tim Dame, VP-North Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
9674 Highway 149
Longview, TX 75603 USA
Phone: 903-643-1140
Fax: 903-643-7590
Marvin Hall, VP-ArkLaTex Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 846
Kingsville, TX 78364 USA
100 E Kleberg, Ste 324
Kingsville, Texas 78364 USA
Phone: 361-592-3200
Fax: 361-592-3297
Tom Best, VP-South Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 20478
Beaumont, TX 77720 USA
9045 Hwy 124
Beaumont, Texas 77720 USA
Phone: 409-842-6262
Fax: 409-842-1094
Morris B Windham, VP-Gulf Coast
Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
1490 West Canal Court, Ste 1000
Littleton, CO 80120 USA
Phone: 303-224-9700
Fax: 303-224-9710
Scott Kinnamon, VP-Rocky
Mountain Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 2783
Farmington, NM 87499-2783 USA
Phone: 505-634-0113
Fax: 505-634-0114
Jerry Tufly, Manager-Four Corners
Division
__________________________________________
BASIN DRILLING COMPANY L.L.C.
PO Box 277
Aberdeen, Mississippi 39730 USA
Phone: 662-369-0394
Fax: 662-369-0307
E-Mail: ccasindrlg@aol.com
____________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
12225 Greenville Ave Ste 950
Dallas, Texas 75243 USA
Phone: 972-889-2100
Fax: 972-889-2104
________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 717
Farmington, NM 87499 USA
5424 US Hwy 64
Farmington,NewMexico87401USA
Phone: 505-327-5218
Fax: 505-564-9185
E-Mail: bearcat@acrnet.com
__________________________________________
BIG 6 DRILLING COMPANY
7500 San Felipe Ste 250
Houston, Texas 77063 USA
Phone: 713-783-2300
Fax: 713-783-4463
E-Mail:
mdstone@big6drilling.com
Web: www.big6drilling.com
______________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING COMPANY,
LLC
PO Box 613
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
17525 US Hwy 34
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
Phone: 303-867-4736
Fax: 970-867-3714
E-Mail: hgreenwood@bigdogshark.
com
______________________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
110 N. Marienfeld Ste 200
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
___________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
1612 East Co Rd 115
Midland, TX 79706 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
__________________________________________
BIG E DRILLING CO Div of Eastham
Enterprises
4710 Bellaire Blvd Ste 350
Bellaire, Texas 77401 USA
Phone: 713-661-6890
Fax: 713-661-8106
E-Mail: lyle@bigedrilling.com
________________________________________
BIG THREE DRILLING INC.
225 Main
Russell, Kansas 67665 USA
Phone: 785-483-3404
E-Mail: smk@media-net.net
_________________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
3993 Hwy 90
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
Phone: 979-733-9688
Toll Free: (866) 897-3188
Fax: 979-733-9901
_______________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC.
515 N. Sam Houston Pkwy East
Suite 400
Houston, TX 77060 USA
Phone: 281-847-1691
Fax: 281-847-2691
___________________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
15600 San Pedro, Ste 204
San Antonio, Texas 78232 USA
Phone: 210-495-5577
Fax: 210-495-0075
_______________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
CATARINA FIELD OFFICE
19682 Hwy 83
Catarina, TX 78836 USA
Phone: 830-999-3400
Fax: 830-999-3404
____________________________________
BLUE RIBBON DRILLING, LLC
PO Box 279
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029-0279 USA
399258 W 1330 Dr
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029 USA
Phone: 918-534-2322
Fax: 918-534-2322
E-Mail: johnrountree@bratcooperating.
com
___________________________________________________
BMR DRILLING, INC.
501 West County Rd 109
Venus, Texas 76084 USA
Phone: 972-366-9933
Fax: 972-366-1649
_____________________________________________
BOLDON DRILLING
Colwick Industrial Estate
Colwick
Nottingham NG4 2BB ENGLAND
Phone: 44/115-9-611300
Fax: 44/115-9-617338
E-Mail: drill@bdf.co.uk
____________________________________________
BRENT BAKER DRILLING INC.
8005 S I-35 Ste 203
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73149
USA
Phone: 405-632-2982
Fax: 405-631-5612
________________________________________
BRONCO DRILLING CO. LLC
6601 South 29th
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73179
USA
Phone: 405-745-6060
Fax: 405-745-8096
E-Mail: shale@broncodrill.com
Web: www.broncodrill.com
________________________________________
BULGARGEOMIN LTD.
PO Box 600
Sofia 1000
3 Ogneboretz Str
Sofia 1619 BULGARIA
Phone: 359/2-9571466
Fax: 359/2-9571238
E-Mail: bgm@applet-bg.com
Web: www.bulgargeomin.com
____________________________________________
BURGAZ DRILLING COMPANY
Open Joint Stock Co. “Gazprom”
Prospekt Vemadskogo 41/1
Moscow 119991 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-7820943
Fax: 7/095-7820974
E-Mail:
burgaz@burgazgazprom.ru
__________________________________________
HORIZONTAL DRILLING CENTER
Orenburg RUSSIA
Phone: 7/3532-733509
Fax: 7/3532-733549
______________________________________________
CACTUS DRILLING COMPANY, LLC
PO Box 270848
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73137-
0848 USA
621 North Morgan Road
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73127
USA
Phone: 405-577-5347
Fax: 405-577-9306
E-Mail: ront@kfoc.net
___________________________________________
CANTEX DRILLING INC.
3953 W 42nd St
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-385-1744
Fax: 432-385-1745
_______________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, LP
PO Box 13678
Odessa, Texas 79768 USA
8901 N. County Road West
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-366-0161
Toll Free: 800-442-5224
Fax: 432-366-2433
E-Mail:
mike.roghair@oilstates.com
___________________________________________
________________________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, INC.
1432 Prairie Lane
Wooster, OH 44691 USA
Phone: 330-264-2206
Fax: 330-263-2134
_________________________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LTD.
Vishechnaya St, 3
North Wharf
Baku 370009 AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-974612
Fax: 994/12-974610
E-Mail: dave.walls@gsfdrill.com;
shaig.bakirov@gsfdrill.com
__________________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 17805
Denver, Colorado 80217 USA
1801 Broadway Ste 360
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-292-1206
Fax: 303-292-5843
E-Mail: cazamail@cazadrilling.com
_______________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 846
Williston, ND 58801 USA
Phone: 701-572-0131
Fax: 701-572-0447
____________________________________
CAZA DRILLING (CALIFORNIA)
INC.
7001 Charity Avenue
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0111
Toll Free: 800-443-5925
Fax: 661-589-0283
______________________________________
ENSIGN RESOURCE SERVICE
GROUP INC
400 5th Ave SW, Ste 900
Calgary, Alberta, AB T2P 0L6
CANADA
Phone: 403-262-1361
Fax: 403-265-7673
____________________________________
CDX-DART DRILLING &
TECHNOLOGY, LLC
5485 Beltline Road Ste 330
Dallas, Texas 75254 USA
Phone: 972-692-1400
Fax: 972-692-1401
E-Mail: steve.johnson@cdxdart.
com
Web: www.cdxgas.com
________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
BRISBANE (WACOL) OFFICE
49 Campbell St
Wacol, Queensland 4076
AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/7-38793333
Fax: 61/7-38793322
E-Mail:
info@centurydrilling.com.au
Web:
www.downergroup.com.au
_________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
INDONESIAN OFFICE
Jl Gaharu 1, #15
Cilandek Barat, Jakarta
Selatan 12430 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-7591 0650
Fax: 62/21-766 1308
E-Mail: cendril@indosat.net.id
___________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING & ENERGY
SERVICES (NZ) LIMITED
166 Karetoto Rd
Wairakei NEW ZEALAND
Phone: 64/7-3748899
Fax: 64/7-3748508
E-Mail: cdes@centurydrilling.co.nz
_______________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD HEADQUARTERS
Gastelun 367 P O Box 92
Eschen 9492 LIECHTENSTEIN
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
___________________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD
Challenger Bldg
1 El-Moshier Ahmed Ismail St
Heliopolis Cairo 11361 EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-2682810
Fax: 20/2-2676122
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
__________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
3728 W Jones Ave
Garden City, Kansas 67846-9762 USA
Phone: 620-277-2062
Fax: 620-277-2094
E-Mail:
wvalentine@cheyennedrilling.com
Web: www.cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
PO Box 1085
Woodward, OK 73802 USA
Phone: 580-256-7226
Fax: 580-256-5665
E-Mail:
balexander@cheyennedrilling.com
___________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
500 Main, Suite 1110
Ft. Worth, TX 76102 USA
Phone: 817-332-1212
Fax: 817-332-1213
E-Mail:
ajjacques@cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________________
CHINA OILFIELD SERVICES LTD
PO Box 232
Beijing 101149
College Street, Yanjiao
East Beijing 101149 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-8452 2134
Fax: 86/10-84522133
___________________________________
CHINA FRANCE BOHAI
GEOSERVICES COMPANY LTD
PO Box 548
Tanggu
Tianjin 300452 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/22-66916447
Fax: 86/22-25311647
_____________________________
COASTAL DRILLING COMPANY,
L.L.C.
311 Saratoga Blvd
Corpus Christi, Texas 78417-3506
USA
Phone: 361-852-6195
Fax: 361-852-6676
E-Mail:
chris@coastaldrilling.com
______________________________
Monagas 6201 VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291 6430460
Fax: 58/291 6434205
E-Mail: comanpa@telcel.net.ve
Web: www.comanpa.com
_________________________________
CROSCO INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES CO. LTD.
Naftni servisi, d.o.o.
Ulica Grada Vukovara 18
Zagreb HR - 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385/1-3652 333
Fax: 385/1-3096 448
E-Mail: marketing@crosco.hr
_____________________________________
SEA HORSE SHIPPING INC.
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
NORDIC SHIPPING LTD
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED
Canada Court, Upland Road
St. Peter Port
Islands of Guernsey UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 1/780-988-2283
_________________________________
CROSCO DRILLING & WELL
SERVICES (UK) LIMITED
10 Orange Street
London UNITED KINGDOM
MIDEAST INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES COMPANY LLC
(MIDWESCO)
P O Box 2670
Postal Code 112
Ruwi OMAN
Phone: 968/245 91493
Fax: 968/245 94732
E-Mail: crosco@omantel.net.om
__________________________________
NOBLE CROSCO DRILLING LTD
PO Box 20585
Doha QATAR
Phone: 97/4-4352-004
Fax: 97/4-4352-263
E-Mail: FStricko@noblecorp.com
_________________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
PODJETJE ZA NAFTNE SERVISE
D.O.O.
Rudarska ulica 1
Lendava 9220 SLOVENIA
Marijan Preglej, Director
CORTECROS
Nova ves 57
Republika Hrvatska
Zagreb 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385-1-4667383
Fax: 385-1-4667382
E-Mail: info@cortecros.hr
______________________________
CROWN DBL, INC.
PO Box 51433
Lafayette, Louisiana 70505 USA
1026 O’Noal Drive
Breaux Bridge, Louisiana 70517
USA
Phone: 337-332-8563
Fax: 337-332-8598
E-Mail:
dblquest@worldnet.att.net
________________________________
CYCLONE DRILLING INC.
PO Box 908
Gillette, Wyoming 82717-0908 USA
Phone: 307-682-4161
Fax: 307-682-3158
E-Mail: cyclonedrilling.com
__________________________________

DALMA ENERGY, LLC
PO Box 46226
Abu Dhabi UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
Phone: 971/2-671-5544
Fax: 971/2-671-5505
E-Mail:
dalmaen@emirates.net.ae
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY & CO., LLC
P.O. Box 739, Mina Al Fahal
P.C. 116 OMAN
Phone: 968/24636-400, 24636
Fax: 968/24636-415
E-Mail:
dalmaenergy@dalmaenergy.com
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
Almana Towers
PO Box No. 491
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/462-1897
Fax: 974/462-2084
E-Mail: qatar@dalmaenergy.com
___________________________________
RAWABI DALMA CO. LTD
PO Box 79707
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8939557
Fax: 966/3-8939585
E-Mail:
rawabidalma@dalmaenergy.com
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
_______________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
301-302 Anand Complex
2-Anand Nagar Society
Near New India Mill, Jetalpur Rd
Baroda 390 005 INDIA
Phone: 91/265-2320246
Fax: 91/265-2320252
E-Mail:
baroda@dalmaenergy.com
_____________________________________
DELTA ENGINEERING COMPANY,
LTD
PO Box 16113
62—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-676601/2/3
Fax: 967/1-676412
E-Mail: deltagrpye@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
DEWANCHAND RAMSARAN
INDUSTRIES (P) LTD. (OIL & GAS
DIVISION)
7-8, Trade Worl, B-Wing, 1st Floor
“Kamala City”, Senapati Bapat
Marg.
Lower Parel (W)
Mumbai 400 013 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-494 0977
Fax: 91/22-498 5432
E-Mail: dnipl@vsn1.com
_____________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
PO Box 4558
Houston, Texas 77210-4558 USA
15415 Katy Fwy Ste 100
Houston, Texas 77094 USA
Phone: 281-492-5300
Fax: 281-492-5316
Web:
www.diamondoffshore.com
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
111 Veterans Blvd Ste 1030
Metairie, LA 70005 USA
Phone: 504-834-9040
Fax: 504-834-0332
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
(U.K.) LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate
Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-727500
Fax: 44/1224-772321
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
6501 Freetown Rd
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-365-5180
Fax: 337-365-0557
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE GENERAL
COMPANY
Unit 2, 5 Turner Avenue
Bently, Perth WA 6102 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61-8-6363-8900
Fax: 61-8-6363-8999
______________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE
NETHERLANDS B.V.
Koninginnegracht 60
Den Haag 2514 AE THE
NETHERLANDS
Phone: 31/70-311-7890
Fax: 31/70-311-7899
_____________________________________
BRASDRIL SOCIEDADE DE
PERFURACOES, LTDA.
Rua Tenente Celio, 185
Novo Cavaleiros
Macae RJ CEP 27930-120 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/22-2791-8200
Fax: 55/22-2773-4115
____________________________________
MEXDRILL OFFSHORE S. DE R.L.
DE C.V.
Ave. Central por 1 Sur Manz J
Lote 1, Puerto Isla del Carmen
C.P. 24140, Ciudad del Carmen
Campeche MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-381-4121
Fax: 52/938-381-3772
________________________________________
DISCOVERY DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 763
Hays, Kansas 67601-0763 USA
3505 Fairway Dr
Hays, Kansas 67601 USA
Phone: 785-623-2920
Fax: 785-623-4156
E-Mail:
discoverydrilling@eaglecom.net
________________________________________
DLS ARGENTINA LIMITED
Sarmiento 663 - Piso 4
Buenos Aires C1041AAM
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-5129-2900
Fax: 54/11-5129-2949
E-Mail: info@dlsargentina.
com.ar
Web: www.dls-argentina.com.ar
___________________________________
DOLPHIN DRILLING LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate, Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-411411
Fax: 44/1224-723267
______________________________
DOLPHIN WELL SERVICE
Platformveien 5
P O Box 63
Tanager N-4098 NORWAY
Phone: 47/51-694300
Fax: 47/51-696156
________________________________
DOYON DRILLING INC
101 West Benson Blvd Ste 503
Anchorage, Alaska 99503 USA
Web: www.doyondrilling.com
_________________________________
DRILLFOR S.A.
Av. Amazonas 1047 y Naciones
Unidas
Edificio La Previsora Torre
A-Piso 6-Oficina 601
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593/2 227 0990
Fax: 593/2 227 0853
E-Mail: drillfor@drillfor.com
________________________________
DRILLFOR BASE CAMP
Km 6 Via a Lago Agrio
El Coca ECUADOR
Fax: 593/6 880 982
__________________________________
DRILLING COMPANY ALLIANCE
PO Box 20
Usinsk
Komi Republic 169710 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/82144-41196
Fax: 7/82144-41510
E-Mail: sserver99@online.ru
Web: www.alliancedc.com
_______________________________
DRILLING RISK MANAGEMENT,
INC.
116 E Anglin St
Uvalde, Texas 78801 USA
Phone: 830-278-4567
Fax: 830-278-5255
E-Mail: DRMI@hilconet.com
________________________________
DRILLTEC GUT GMBH
In don Teichen 2
Jona D-07751 GERMANY
Phone: 49/7243-76890
Fax: 49/7243-768941
E-Mail: info@drilltec.de
________________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
100 S Main Ste 410
Wichita, Kansas 67202-3737 USA
Phone: 316-267-1331
Fax: 316-267-5180
E-Mail: ddcisrb@aol.com
______________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 823
Great Bend, KS 67530 USA
Phone: 620-793-8366
Fax: 620-793-8743
620 Hubbard
Great Bend, Kansas 67530 USA
_________________________________
E & D SERVICES INC.
2300 Hwy 11 North
Laurel, Mississippi 39440 USA
Phone: 601-649-9044
Fax: 601-649-3139
E-Mail: asumrall28@yahoo.com
____________________________________
E & H DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 1058
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Newcastle Hwy
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Phone: 940-549-0370
Fax: 940-549-8191
E-Mail: rho@wf.net
____________________________________________
EAGLE DRILLING LLC
1108 Rambling Oaks Dr
Norman, Oklahoma 73072 USA
Phone: 405-364-1613
Fax: 405-447-9351
____________________________________
EAGLE ROCK DRILLING, L.L.C.
1113 Dayton Rd
Midland, Texas 79706 USA
Phone: 432-682-3030
Toll Free: (866) 867-3745
Fax: 432-682-1212
E-Mail:
dtally@eaglerockdrilling.com
_____________________________
EDDE DRILLING CO
P O Box 4966
Victoria, Texas 77903 USA
2607 E Rio Grande St
Victoria, Texas 77901 USA
Phone: 361-572-4884
Fax: 361-578-6376
E-Mail: troy@tuckerop.com
_____________________________
EGYPTIAN DRILLING CO.
PO Box 8071
Nasr City Housing
Cairo 11371 EGYPT
Km. 17.5 Cairo/Suez Road
64—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-4176701
Fax: 20/2-4176731
E-Mail: management@egyptiandrilling.
com
________________________________________
EDC SYRIA BRANCH
Mazza Sharkia - Al Farabi St.
Yassin Al Safadi
Building No. 77, 1st Floor
Damascus SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6110459
Fax: 963/11-6131085
Yehia A Aal, General Manager
_______________________________
DRILLING & PETROLEUM
SERVICES CO
PO Box 2589
Al Khobar 31932 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8825089
Fax: 966/3-8825164
E-Mail: mashraf@dps.com.sa
________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2440
Casper, Wyoming 82602 USA
1910 N Loop Ave
Casper, Wyoming 82601 USA
Phone: 307-235-8609
Fax: 307-577-7227
E-Mail: nich@drilloilandgas.com
____________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 3213
Billings, MT 59103 USA
Phone: 406-245-3511
Fax: 406-252-7682
______________________________________
ENAFOR COMPANY
BP 211
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/29 737595
Fax: 213/29 738026
E-Mail: enafor@wissal.dz
Web: enafor.net
_____________________________
ENERGY DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 905
Natchez, Mississippi 39121 USA
Phone: 601-446-5259
Fax: 601-446-8607
________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
INCORPORATED
500 N. Akard Street, Ste 4300
Dallas, Texas 75201 USA
Phone: 214-397-3000
Toll Free: 800-423-8006
Fax: 214-397-3379
Web: www.enscous.com
____________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
620 Moulin Road
Broussard, LA 70518 USA
Phone: 337-837-8500
Toll Free: 800-322-8217
Fax: 337-837-8501
__________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
11200 Richmond Avenue, Suite
490
Houston, TX 77082 USA
Phone: 281-920-6440
Fax: 281-920-6441
____________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING (CARIBBEAN)
INC.
Edificio Ensco
Muelle Terminales Maracaibo
Las Morochas, Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-631-2287
Fax: 58/265-631-1435
______________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
OFFSHORE COMPANY
The Hamma Galleries Bldg, 3rd
Floor
One Lane Hill, East Broadway
Hamilton
Bermuda HM 19 WEST INDIES
Phone: 441-278-0800
Fax: 441-292-9188
______________________________
ENSCO CORONADO LIMITED
91-93 St. Vincent Street
1st Floor Algico Plaza
Port of Spain TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Phone: 868-623-0525
Fax: 868-624-9137
________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING COMPANY
NIGERA LTD.
c/o Speciality Drilling Fluids
Plot 184c Trans Amadi Industrial
Layout
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234-8423-1322
Fax: 234-8423-5915
_________________________________
ENSCO HOUSE
Badentoy Avenue
Badentoy Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 4YB SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-780400
Fax: 44/1224-780444
___________________________________
ENSCO NETHERLANDS LTD.
c/o DONG
Agern Alle 24-26, Building 5
Hoersholm DK 2970 DENMARK
Phone: 45/4517-0776
Fax: 45/4517-0836
_____________________________
ENSCO OCEANICS
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Al Moosa Tower 2, Ste 2601
Sheikh Zayed Rd
PO Box 72453
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-403-7300
Fax: 971/4-403-7305
_________________________________
ENSCO ASIA PACIFIC PTE.
LIMITED
300 Beach Rd #10-01/03
The Concourse
Singapore 19955 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6394-3100
Fax: 65/6394-3105
____________________________________
ENSCO AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED
Level 4, 66 King’s Park Road
West Perth, WA 6005 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/8-9211-3388
Fax: 61/8-9211-3390
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Lot 4600, Simpang 4
Jalan Pandan Lima (Off Jalan
Maulana)
Kuala Belait KA 1931
Brunei Darussalam MALAYSIA
Phone: 673-333-0080
Fax: 673-333-2710
_______________________________
ENSCO GERUDI (M) SDN BHD
5th Floor, Bangunan Angakasa
Raya
Jalan Ampang
Kuala Lumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-2148-4909
Fax: 60/3-2148-3909
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
3rd Floor, QFl (Qatar General
Insurance)
Bldg. Al Asmakh Street, PO Box
22895
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/441-7075
Fax: 974/442-6780
___________________________________
ENSCO MARITIME LIMITED
Unit No. 601, 6th Floor
Centre Point, Andheri Kurla Rd
J. B. Nagar, Andheri East
Mumbai 400 059 INDIA
Phone: 91-22-564-95454
Fax: 91-22-564-90596
__________________________________
ENSCO HOLLAND B.V.
8th Floor, BRI Building
Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 37
Balikpapan 76112
East Kalimantan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/542-736791
Fax: 62/542-736751
_______________________________
ENTREPRISE NATIONALE DES
TRAVAUX AUX PUITS
BP 206/207
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/9738850
Fax: 213/9732097
__________________________________
ENVIROSAFE DRILLING LP
1614 C. Nantucket Drive
Houston, Texas 77057 USA
Phone: 713-818-3919
Fax: 713-784-0805
E-Mail: rsage@houston.rr.com
_________________________________
EVERTSON INTERNATIONAL
VENEZUELA
Ave. Marino, Via La Guarapera
Edi Evertson, El Tigrito,
Edo. Anzoategui
Phone: 58/283-2554744
Fax: 58/283-2554722
E-Mail: jims@evertson.com
Web: www.evertson.com
__________________________________
EXCELL SERVICES, INC
36629 Hwy 385
P O Box 305
Wray, Colorado 80758 USA
Phone: 970-332-3156
Fax: 970-332-5821
E-Mail:
eandrews@jwoperatiog.com
Web: www.jwoperating.com
_________________________________
EXPLORATION OIL & GAS JASLO
LTD. NAFTGAZ BRANCH IN
WOLOMIN
ul Lukasiewicza 11
Wolomin 05-200 POLAND
Phone: 48/22-7873704
Fax: 48/22-7762340
E-Mail: naftgaz@naftgaz.com.pl
____________________________________
FAITH DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 1378
Seminole, Texas 79360-1378 USA
902 S.W. Ave C
Seminole, Texas 79360 USA
Phone: 432-758-2552
Phone: 432-758-6352
Fax: 432-758-2552
_______________________________
FELDERHOFF BROTHERS
DRILLING
PO Box 1299
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
4337 E Hwy 82
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
Phone: 940-665-3592
Fax: 940-613-4065
E-Mail: Feld@bsicompanies.com
Web: www.bsicompanies.com
___________________________________
1ST DRILLING COMPANY OF
ZHONGYUAN PETROLEUM
EXPLORATION BUREAU
Mazhuangqiao Town
Qingfeng County
Henan Province 457331 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/393-4807196
Fax: 86/393-4800734
_______________________________
Bucharest ROMANIA
Phone: 40/21-224-0538
Fax: 40/21-224-0538
E-Mail: office@foradex.ro
Web: www.foradex.ro
____________________________
FORADEX SA
14, Rue 7051, Cite Essalem
El-Menzah IV
1082 Tunis TUNISIA
Phone: 216/71-230005
Fax: 216/71-230005
_________________________________
FORADEX SA
Lukind House 1st Fl
Cha Cha Cha Road
PO Box 31911
Lusaka ZAMBIA
Phone: 260/1-223723
Fax: 260/1-223723
_____________________________
FORADEX SA
PO Box 4105
Benghazi LIBYA
Phone: 218/61-2222809
Fax: 218/61-2222809
_____________________________
FORESIGHT LTD.
Foresight House
6 Elder Street
London E1 6BT UNITED KINGDOM
Phone: 44/207-3775755
Fax: 44/207-2472700
E-Mail: fk.)@fs-g.com
________________________________
Mumbai 400 055 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-6155132
Fax: 91/22-6155133
E-Mail: asm@bom5.vsnl.net.in
___________________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD.
PO Box 41164
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail:
foresight@emirates.net.ae
_____________________________
FOSERCO SA
2 Avram Iancu Street
TG. OCNA 5467 ROMANIA
Phone: 40/234-344035,344036
Fax: 40/234-344395
E-Mail: foserco@mic.ro
_________________________________
FRIGSTAD OFFSHORE PTE. LTD.
2 Mistri Rd
#11-00 HMC Bldg
Singapore 079624 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6223-1277
Fax: 65/6223-3906
E-Mail: fo@frigstad.com.sg
Web: www.frigstad.com
______________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING I, LP
PO Box 1116
Luling, Texas 78648 USA
Phone: 830-875-3774
Fax: 830-875-2484
E-Mail:
rthomas@frontierdrilling.com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING ASA
PO Box 6076
Postterminalen
Bergen 5892 NORWAY
Statsminister Michelsensveg 38
Paradis
Bergen 5231 NORWAY
Phone: 47/55-922820
Fax: 47/55-922830
E-Mail: post@frontier-drill.com
Web: www.frontier-drill.com
________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING (ASIA) PTE.
LTD.
491 B River Valley Rd
#14-01 Valley Point
Singapore 248373 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6887 0440
Fax: 65/6887 0444
E-Mail: singapore@frontierdrill.
com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING do BRAZIL
LTDA
Edificio Leberty Center - Sala 901
Avenida Nossa Senhora da Penha
#387
Praia da Canto
Vitoria ES 29055-131 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/27 3334 8600
Fax: 55/27 3334 8610
________________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Drawer 330
Cedar Bluff, Virginia 24624 USA
Phone: 540-964-2696
Fax: 540-963-0487
_____________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Box 527
Cedar Bluff, VA 24609 USA
Jerry E Ratliff, Sec
_________________________
GEM DRILLING CO.
PO Box 65
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
500 Adams Rd
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
Phone: 325-773-3654
Fax: 325-773-3655
__________________________
GEORGE N. MITCHELL DRILLING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 550
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
1239 County Rd 1500N
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
Phone: 618-382-2343
Fax: 618-384-2435
E-Mail: nrgy@mitchelldrilling.
com
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORPORATION
PO Box 4577
Houston, Texas 77210-4577 USA
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, Texas 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-6000
Toll Free: (800) 231-5754
Fax: 281-925-6010
E-Mail:
firstname.lastname@gsfdrill.co
m
Web: www.gsfdrill.com
______________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
Vishechnaya Street #3
North Wharf
Baku AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-497-4612
Fax: 994/12-497-4610
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
B.P. 5893
c/o Saga Logistics Base
Douala CAMEROON
Phone: 237/343-8713
Fax: 237/343-4979
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
COMPANY (CANADA) LTD.
36 Brookshire Court Ste 13
Bedford, NS B4A 4E9 CANADA
Phone: 902-832-9460
Fax: 902-832-9480
Kevin Knott
Victor Dias
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL (CANADA)
DRILLING COMPANY
Baine Johnston Centre, Ste 400
10 Fort William Place
St John’s
Newfoundland A1C 1K4 CANADA
Phone: 709-724-6600
Fax: 709-724-6610
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORP
Kilometer No. 11
Kattameya-Ein Soukhna Desert Rd
PO Box 341
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 202-757-5681
Fax: 202-757-5669
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
Parque de las Avenidas de Africa
Carracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: 240-0-96-968
Fax: 240-0-94-091
____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
Boite Postale 556
Port Gentil GABON
Phone: 241/552040
Fax: 241/560458
____________________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Jalan, Melawai 1X/2
PO Box 2351
Jakarta Selatan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-721-1700
Fax: 62/21-721-1714
_________________________________
PT SANTA FE-POMEROY
INDONESIA
Merak Petroleum Base
Jl. Pulorida, Merak
West Java INDONESIA
Phone: 62/254-571 408
Fax: 62/254-571 189
_______________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Gedung BRI, Lantai 5
Jin. Jend Sudiman No. 37
Balikpapan
Kalimantan 76112 INDONESIA
Phone: 62-542-426-396
Fax: 62-542-426-408
_____________________________
SAFEMAL DRILLING SDN. BHD.
9th Floor, Angkasa Raya Building
123 Jalan Ampang
Kuala Laumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Contractor Listings 2005 IADC Membership Directory—69
Phone: 603-2050-2100
Fax: 603-2050-2122
_____________________________________
GLOBAL OFFSHORE DRILLING
LIMITED
Kilometer 14 Aba Expressway
PO Box 7086
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234/84-231356
Fax: 234/84-231353
_______________________________________
SANTA FE CONSTRUCTION CO.
139 Corporate Center
10th Floor, Unit 1001
139 Valero Street, Salcedo Village
Makati City Manila PHILIPPINES
Phone: 632/830-2210
Fax: 632/818-8237
_______________________________
SANTA FE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
PO Box 4396
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/455-0797
Fax: 974/455-1298
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Letter Box 5096, Bldg 104, Sops
Ave.
Loyang Offshore Base
Loyang Crescent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6545 2679
Fax: 65/6545 6173
______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Unit 3004, 30th Floor, Suntowers
Bldg B, 123 Vibhavadi-Rangsit Rd
Khwaeng Ladyao, Khet Chatuchak
Bangkok 10900 THAILAND
Phone: 662-617-6170
Fax: 662-617-6171
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE SOUTH
AMERICA LLC
Maple House
3 Sweet Briar Road
St. Clair, Trinidad WEST INDIES
Phone: 868/622-6432
Fax: 868/622-6563
_______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Lothing Depot
North Quay
Lowestoft
Suffolk NR32 2TF UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1502-542-000
Fax: 44/1502-542-001
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Langlands House Huntley St
Aberdeen AB10 1SH SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-654400
Fax: 44/1224-654401
________________________________
RESOURCE RIG SUPPLY, INC.
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7300
Fax: 281-925-7399
__________________________________
APPLIED DRILLING TECHNOLOGY,
INC.
15375 Memorial Drive, Suite A200
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7100
Fax: 281-925-7199
________________________________________
ACCESS EXPLORATION
CORPORATION
1177 West Loop South, Ste 1450
Houston, TX 77027 USA
Phone: 713-621-2777
Fax: 713-621-2779
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
VENEZUELA, C.A.
Av. Nueva Esparta c/c/ Cerro Sur,
Centro
Bahia Pozvelos Torre b
Mezanina I, Oficina 20
Barcelona VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/281-262-4250
Fax: 58/281-267-9362
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC
02 Hoang Dieu Street
Vung Tau City VIETNAM
Phone: 84/64-852164
Fax: 84/64-852162
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ANGOLA
OFFICE
Malango Base
Cabinda ANGOLA
Phone: 925-842-1111
Fax: 832-463-6806 (V-sat)
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ARGENTINA
OFFICE
25 de Mayo 555, Piso 20
C1002ABK Buenos Aires
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54-11-4310-2470
Fax: 54-11-4310-2471
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE BRAZIL OFFICE
Estrada de Capuabe, 73
Santa Rita - Vila Velha - ES
CEP 29118-461 BRAZIL
Phone: 55-27-3239-8734
Fax: 55-27-3239-8734
_____________________________________
GOLDEN STATE DRILLING INC
3500 Fruitvale Ave
Bakersfield, California 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0730
Fax: 661-589-0147
E-Mail: bstevens@gsdrilling.com
________________________________
GOOBER DRILLING CORPORATION
PO Box 1432
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74076 USA
4905 S Perkins Rd
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074 USA
Phone: 405-743-2132
Fax: 405-743-0052
E-Mail:
mike.brown@gooberdrilling.com
_____________________________________

GREAT WALL DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
No. 6 Liupukang Street
Xicheng District
Beijing 100724 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-62095684
Fax: 86/10-62094976
____________________________________

GREEN GAS POWER LIMITED
16A Fore Street, Topsham
Exeter, Devon EX3 OHF UNITED
KINGDOM
Wolstanton Retail Park, Wolstanton
Newcastle-Under-Lyme
Staffordshire ST5 0EE UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1-395-223972
Fax: 44/1-395-227447
E-Mail: jg@greengaspower.com
___________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP
10370 Richmond Ave Ste 600
Houston, Texas 77042-4136 USA
Phone: 713-435-6100
Toll Free: (800) 553-7563
Fax: 713-435-6171
E-Mail:
trichards@greywolfdrilling.com
____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ARK-LA-TEX DIVISION
333 Texas St Ste 925
Shreveport, LA 71101 USA
Phone: 318-213-1100
Toll Free: 800-959-3003
Fax: 318-213-1155
_____________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ROCKY MOUNTAIN DISTRICT
2136 North Oil Dr
Casper, WY 82604 USA
Phone: 307-266-0700
Toll Free: (866) 522-0700
Fax: 307-266-0166
__________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP GULF COAST DIVISION
254 Stanford Rd
Eunice, LA 70535 USA
Phone: 337-457-0500
Toll Free: 888-457-4089
Fax: 337-457-0558
_____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP SOUTH TEXAS DIVISION
1907 E Main
Alice, TX 78332-4142 USA
Phone: 361-668-8364
Toll Free: 800-242-3280
Fax: 361-668-0823
_________________________________________

GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP WEST TEXAS DISTRICT
6 Desta Drive, Suite 3350
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-684-6828
Toll Free: (888) 864-6828
Fax: 915-684-6841
____________________________________
GUICHARD OPERATING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2000
Crowley, Louisiana 70527-2000
USA
849 Oddfellows Rd
Crowley, Louisiana 70526 USA
Phone: 337-783-5141
Toll Free: 800-738-4645
Fax: 337-783-5155
E-Mail: GuichardCo@aol.com
____________________________________
GULF DRILLING INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED (Q.S.C.)
PO Box 9072
Doha QATAR
7th Floor
HBK Tower, Musherib St
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/4378777
Fax: 974/4434788
E-Mail: gdi@gulfdrilling.net
___________________________________.
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
107 SE 3rd St
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
Phone: 812-254-5085
Fax: 812-254-4943
__________________________________________
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
RR #2 Box 255
Washington, IN 47501-1216 USA
Phone: 812-254-9168
Neal Newton, Prod Supt
_________________________________
H-40 DRILLING INC.
11828 W Central Ste 100
Wichita, Kansas 67212-5178 USA
Phone: 316-773-3640
Fax: 316-773-3740
_______________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD S.A
Torre Universal Ave Federico Boyd
Piso No 12 (Penthouse)
Panama 0816-02033 REPUBLIC OF
PANAMA
PO Box 41164
C/O Sharjah Shipping Co.
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail: foresite@emirates.net.ae
HAMAD AL-HAMAD & PARTNERS
COMPANY
PO Box 47143
Fahaheel 64022
Phone: 965/3261369,3261378
Fax: 965/3261348
E-Mail:
hamadalhamad@hhpco.com.kw
Web:
www.hamadalhamad@hhpco.co
m.kw
___________________________________
HEART LAND DRILLING, INC.
PO Box 3714
Abilene, Texas 79604 USA
Phone: 325-676-4621
Fax: 325-670-0325
E-Mail: hlpc@abilene.com
________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
1625 Broadway, Ste 1480
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-405-8450
Fax: 303-405-8451
E-Mail:
charlie@heartlandoilandgas.com
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
________________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
200 Burrard St, Ste 1925
Vancouver, B.C. V6C 3L6 CANADA
Phone: 604-693-0177
Fax: 604-638-3525
E-Mail:
rcoglon@heartlandoilandgas.co
m
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
1437 South Boulder Avenue
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74119 USA
Phone: 918-742-5531
Fax: 918-742-0237
______________________________________

INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 95969
Oklahoma City, OK 73143 USA
Phone: 405-677-8882
Fax: 405-670-2667
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 6173
Pearl, MS 39288-6173 USA
Phone: 601-939-1589
Fax: 601-939-9122
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 3909
Western Offshore District
Ventura, CA 93006 USA
Phone: 805-642-4656
Fax: 805-642-6024
_______________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 1700
Alice, TX 78333 USA
Phone: 361-664-0114
Fax: 361-664-8534
_______________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE (COLOMBIA)
DRILLING
Cra 9A No 99-02
Office 410
Bogota COLOMBIA
Phone: 57/1-6182399
Fax: 57/1-6182345
__________________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (ANACO)
Apartado 16 Carretera Negra KM
98
Final Ave dose Antonio Anzoategul
Anaco Edo Anzoategui
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4247754
Fax: 58/282-4247753
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (MATURIN)
Av. Alirio Ugarte Pelayo
(Al lado de Plasticor)
Maturin, Edo. Monagas
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291-641-9535
Fax: 58/291-643-1130
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (CD. OJEDA)
Carretera N, Entre Avenidas 42y 43
Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-641-2537
Fax: 58/265-641-1552
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DEL
ECUADOR INC.
Luis Cordero y Andalucia
Edificio “Cyede” Quinto Piso
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593-2-2555-372
Fax: 593-2-2555-512 X 102
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
16365 Park Ten Place, Ste 300
Houston, TX 77084 USA
Phone: 281-398-5457
Fax: 281-398-7960
_____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE BOLIVIA
S.A.
Calle 9 Oeste No. 73
Barrio Las Palmas
Santa Cruz BOLIVIA
Phone: 591/3-3531-741
Fax: 591/3-3536-784
_________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
106 Park Place, Ste 100
Covington, LA 70433 USA
Phone: 985-871-4071
Fax: 985-871-4072
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE (AFRICA)
DRILLING CO. EQUATORIAL
GUINEA
Avenida Parques de Africa
Caracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: Houston 713-431-9212
Fax: Houston 713-431-9216
_____________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE
(ARGENTINA) DRILLING CO.
San Martin #201, Piso 4, Oficina 12
Bis
Codigo Postal 1003
Buenos Aires ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-4326-3481
Fax: 54/11-4322-2005
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
341 East E St Ste 180
Casper, WY 82601 USA
Phone: 307-237-0056
Fax: 307-237-6756
___________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
Smolensk Passage, Smolensk
Square
The House 3 6th Floor, Office No.
628
Moscow 121099 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-937-8272
Fax: 7/095-937-8200
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 133228
Tyler, TX 75713 USA
Phone: 903-533-1340
Fax: 903-535-9238
__________________________________
HERCULES OFFSHORE, LLC
2929 Briarpark Drive, Ste 435
Houston, Texas 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-4176
Fax: 713-952-4342
____________________________________
HERCULES DRILLING COMPANY
2929 Briarpark Drive Ste 400
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-7977
Fax: 713-952-7990
________________________________
HERCULES LIFTBOAT COMPANY
5319 Port Road
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-560-8000
Fax: 337-374-3247
____________________________________
HTC INTERNATIONAL
PO Box No 1376
Corner of Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-269224
Fax: 967/1-269223
E-Mail: hashedi@y.net.ye
_______________________________
ICELAND DRILLING CO
Jardboranir hf
Skipholt 50 d
Reykjavik 105 ICELAND
Phone: 354/5113800
Fax: 354/5883801
E-Mail: sveinn@jardboranir.is
___________________________________
INLET DRILLING ALASKA INC
210 N Willow Street
Kenai, Alaska 99611 USA
Phone: 907-283-3567
Fax: 907-283-7065
E-Mail: inletdrl@ptialaska.net
__________________________________
IRAQ DRILLING COMPANY (IDC)
Ministry of Oil
Al-Nidal Street
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 1-914-360-3105
E-Mail: dr-alaboudi@web.de
__________________________
OIL EXPLORATION COMPANY
(OEC)
Ministry of Oil
Oil Exploration Company
PO Box 476
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 964/1-772-9802
Fax: 964/1-727-0388
E-Mail: oecman@uruklink.net
_________________________________
IROILRIGS INTERNATIONAL LTD
Suite 1301
1-7 Lyndhurst Terrace
Central
Hong Kong P R CHINA
Phone: 852-92380288
Fax: 852-25217979
E-Mail: robinson@iroilrigs.com
Web: www.iroilrigs.com
_______________________________
ITAG - TIEFBOHR GMBH &
COMPANY KG
Itagstrasse
Celle D-29221 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5141914-351
Fax: 49/5141-914-388
E-Mail: thor.noevig@itag-ce.de
Web: www.itag-celle.de
_________________________________
JAGSON INTERNATIONAL LTD.
2nd Floor
6 Pearey Lal Building
Janpath
New Delhi 110 001 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-3718059
Fax: 91/11-3324693
E-Mail: jil@nda.vsnl.net.in
_______________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
Nishi Azabu Annex 5th-7th Floor
3-20-16 Nishi Azabu, Minato-ku
Tokyo 106-0031 JAPAN
Phone: 81/3-5411-9870
Fax: 81/3-5411-9200
E-Mail: info@jdc.co.jp
Web: www.jdc.co.jp
JAPAN DRILLING (MALAYSIA)
SDN. BHD.
Box No 535 Lot 6.01
6th Fl Wisma Central
Jalan Ampang 50450
Kuala Lumpur MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-21668071
Fax: 60/3-21668070
E-Mail: hirishi@jdc.co.jp
___________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO., LTD. H-5
OPERATIONS OFFICE
C/O Perforadora Central, S.A.
DE.C.V.
Calle 24 No. 52 Altos-2. Col.
Centro C.P. 24100
Ciudad del Carmen MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-382-5964
Fax: 52/938-382-0577
E-Mail: yoichi.onoe@jdc.co.jp
_________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SAGADRIL, INC.
PO Box 17340
Jebel Ali, Room No. 604 of Lob-16
Building, in Jebel Ali Free Zone
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-8814945
Fax: 971/4-8814965
E-Mail: toshio.harada@jdc.co.jp
______________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SINGAPORE OFFICE
Loyang Offshore Supply Base
Box No 5056
Loyang Cresent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6543-1722
Fax: 65/6542-1765
E-Mail: freddy@jdcs.com.sg
_____________________________________
PT JAPAN DRILLING INDONESIA
19th Floor, Plaza Sentral JK
Jendral Sudirman Kav 47
Jakarta 12930 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-5746441
Fax: 62/21-5746386
_______________________________________
JET DRILLING PTE LTD
152 Beach Road
#09-01 Gateway East
Singapore 189721 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/392-0201
_____________________________
NORTHERN OFFSHORE LTD.
PO Box 1751 Vika
Oslo 0122 NORWAY
Phone: 47/2201-7500
Fax: 47/2201-7510
E-Mail:
management@northern.no
____________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
1207 Vikram Tower
16 Rajendra Place
New Delhi 110 008 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-2574-0419-0421
Fax: 91/11-2575-4604
E-Mail:
jindal@giasdl01.vsnl.net.in
Web: www.jindal.com
_________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
3rd Fl Keshva Bldg
Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra (East)
Mumbai 400 051 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-2659-2893-2894
Fax: 91/22-2654-2881
E-Mail:
neptune@bom5.vsnl.net.in
_____________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Registered Office:
220 G.I.D.C. Estate
Mehsana - Gujarat, 384 002 INDIA
Phone: 91/2762-254079
Fax: 91/2762-254822
E-Mail: john.adl@sancharnet.in
Web: www.johnenergy.com
_______________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED Corporate
Office
101, Shapath-III, Near GNFC Tower
S.G. Road
Bodakdov, Ahmedabad
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/79-26850132
Fax: 91/79-26850133
E-Mail: john@johnenergy.com,
hinduad1@sancharnet.in
________________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Durga Bhavan, Subhash Nagar
Chandkheda
Ahmedabad INDIA
Phone: 91/79-55228235
Fax: 91/79-55228235
_________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
5 Besant St, Santacruz West
Mumbai 400 054 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-26494581
Fax: 91/22-26052472
__________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
196 Narnarayan Bunglows
Behind MIPCO, Bolav Road
Bharuch
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/2642-246753
Fax: 91/2642-246753
__________________________________
JUSTISS OIL CO., INC.
PO Box 2990
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
1120 E Oak
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
Phone: 318-992-4111
Fax: 318-992-7201
E-Mail: justiss@justissoil.com
________________________________
JUSTISS DRILLING DE
VENEZUELA, S.A.
Base Ubicada en la Prolongacion
Avenida Miranda, Via Lechozal Km
3
Anaco
Estado Anzoategui VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4253555
Fax: 58/282-4253151
E-Mail: justiss@telcel.net.ve
___________________________________
JW DRILLING INC
PO Box 160
Artesia, New Mexico 88211 USA
5104 W Richardson
Artesia, New Mexico 88210 USA
Phone: 505-748-8704
Fax: 505-748-8719
_________________________________
KAL DRILLING COMPANY
11500 S Meridian
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73173
USA
Phone: 405-691-1202
Fax: 405-691-2377
E-Mail:
kaldrlg@oecadvantage.net
_______________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
No. 54 Zhongxing Road
Baijiantan District
Karamay, Xinjiang 834009 P R
CHINA
Phone: 86/990-6827312
Fax: 86/990-6920617
E-Mail: gizjgs-wyx@xjkdc.com
_______________________________
SINO-KAZAK GREAT WALL
DRILLING COMPANY, LTD.
56 Arkdanuwa St
Arkqubin City 463022
KAZAKHSTAN
Phone: 7/313-2967956
Fax: 7/313-2967953
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 234/8033580816
Fax: 234/53-321429
E-Mail:
songhykdc@yahoo.com.cn;
nrly70116@xjkdc.com
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
23 Road 286
New Maadi
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-5202256
Fax: 20/2-5202254
E-Mail: ajxmb@xjkdc.com;
mengqinggang@sina.com
___________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/416-6823790
Fax: 58/282-4251824
E-Mail: wnrlxmb@xjkdc.com;
xqg6926256@126.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 87/1-762662915
Fax: 87/1-762662916
E-Mail:
yongsheng8105@sina.com;
nrly7017@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC IRAN
Phone: 87/1-763222177
Fax: 87/1-763222179
E-Mail:
xj16@inmarsat.francetelecom.fr
________________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, OMAN
Phone: 968/6-93086
Fax: 968/6-93085
E-Mail: amxmb@xjkdc.com;
wanghu1974@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6120070
Fax: 963/11-6120070
E-Mail: xlyxmb@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GROUP
Minto Dr
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230400
E-Mail:
colleen.reid@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING UK
OFFICE
Minto Drive
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230401
E-Mail:
pam.vickers@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
___________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GERMANY
OFFICE
PO Box 1253
Bad Bentheim D-48443 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5922-72000
Fax: 49/5922-72105
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING INC USA
OFFICE
10777 Westheimer Ste 1111
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-243-6230
Fax: 713-243-6231
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
______________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING DUBAI
OFFICE
Jebel Ali
PO Box 17240
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/48816697
Fax: 971/48816940
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
_______________________________________-
KENAI DRILLING Corporate Office
PO Box 2248
Orcutt, California 93457-2248 USA
6430 Cat Canyon Rd
Santa Maria, California 93455 USA
Phone: 805-937-7871
Fax: 805-937-4768
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KENAI DRILLING Operations Office
2701 Patton Way
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-587-0117
Fax: 661-587-0116
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Corporate Headquarters
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, Texas 79705 USA
Phone: 432-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 432-620-0307
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Executive Offices
400 S River Rd
New Hope, PA 18938 USA
Phone: 215-862-7900
Toll Free: (800) 525-2147
Fax: 215-862-7901
___________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Permian Basin Drlg.
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 915-570-0465
_____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Four Corners Drlg.
PO Box 900
Farmington, NM 87401 USA
Phone: 505-327-4961
Fax: 505-327-4962
5651 US Hwy 64
Farmington, New Me
          Nutmeg Classic Criterium and Whaling City Cyclone        

With races scheduled for almost one complete lap around the analog clock, the Nutmeg Classic Criterium has to be the longest day of bike racing in New England. This race could only happen near the summer solstice or there wouldn’t be enough day light. Add to that a two and a half hour drive to get there by 7:00AM and I had my work cut out for me. As the announcer, I have to be coherent all day on the mic, manage all the primes, help keep the event on schedule, and various other tasks that always seem to come up. This time I even got to play neutral support mechanic a couple of times. All this is to say – I didn’t have time (or the energy by the end of the day) to take careful notes for the blog. And the video camera never left its hidey hole deep within the back of the truck. But here is what I’ve got for you. Sorry for any inaccuracies and omissions. I am sure I have mis-remembered a few things. Feel free to correct me i nthe comments. I promise to do better next time (Mystic Velo Crit tommorrow).

Cat 4/5 under 30
Despite a rather leisurely pace, the race stayed together for 15 laps until Colby Nordbloom (NHCC) tried to go solo with 5 laps to go. But he got caught at 2 to go and found a comfortable spot to sit in and recover as the field meandered around the 1 mile course another time. When the bell rang for the final lap, the field was still together and didn’t get moving until the sprint. Nessim Mezrrahi (Quad Cycles) took the sprint for first by a bike length. It was his next to last race before getting married (in two weeks) and moving to DC. Quad Cycles will miss him but some club in DC will be lucky to get him on board. Greg Vigneux (Spin Arts) was second followed by David Gilchrist (Mystic Velo). Gilchrist, the first of the finishers from the State of Connecticutt, won the pale blue Nutmeg State Games Jersey.

Cat 4
Evan Kirk (Mystic Velo) took the sprint win ahead of Mason Chen (Chesire) and Andrew Tucker (Quad Cycles). Evan made it two Nutmeg State Games jerseys for Mystic velo.

Cat 4/5 30plus
The day’s schedule was set up perfectly for those that wanted to do more than one race and the scissors were in high demand between races starting with several of the Cat 4s from the previous race.


They started the 20 lap race at a gentlemanly pace and stayed together through 13 to go when back to back to back primes sprung Rob Ehrman (Vision Quest). He kept going, working the lead up to 18 seconds. Nathan Turillo (Refunds Now) tried to bridge couldn’t make it across before dropping back to the field. The field started chasing with 3 to go and Ehrmann’s lead began to drop. He started the final lap with an 8 second lead. In the last half lap the margin was just a few seconds or a couple of first downs. As Ehrmann rounded the final corner and struggled to keep his legs turning to the finish line, the field was in full gallop. Ehrmann had just enough left in him to hold off the field and win by only 2 bike lengths.

The 55 plus and 65 plus fields raced at the same time with a 1 minute gap at the start. Unfortunately, it didn’t stay that way and keeping track those off the front and the back got a bit confusing. The lead groups of three in both races stayed separate, but the fields got mixed together. This wouldn’t have been a big problem except that the lapped riders caused the race volunteers to miss ringing the bell on the last lap. But these are gentlemen and the three gentlemen in each lead group decided on the road to ride one extra lap and have a proper sprint. Clarence Ballard (Somerset) won the 55s with Turgut Baliki (CTS) and Thomas Cormier (NHCC) right behind. In the 65s it was Ed Lang (NEBC) outsprinting John Auer (Somerset) and David Burnette (Mystic Velo).

45 Plus
After several small breaks were launched but couldn’t stay away, Stephen Gray (Bethel) won this one with Aubrey Gordon (Liberty Cycle) and Paul Curley (Gearworks) right behind.

40 Plus
Patrick Ruane (Sunapee) took the win with a solo break.

35 Plus
Patrick Ruane won his second race of the day coming out of a break of ten for another victory.

30 Plus

Patrick Ruane sat this one out to save a match or two for the pro race. This was a super aggressive race with lots of little breaks noodling off the front but the field wouldn’t let anything stick. Paul Richard (CCB) took the victory.

All the 20 mile races (30plus Cat 4/5, the Cat 4, the Masters 35 and the Masters 30) finished within 43 to 44 minutes. I would have epxected the Masters fields to be noticeably faster than the Cat 4 and 4/5 fields.

Cat 3
The field had to wait on the line for a few minutes before the start. In the mean time, I got a little bored so I decided to give them a first lap prime while they were waiting. I announced it on the line and rang the bell as soon as they were told to go by the oficial. This strung the field right out. Morgan Hiller (CLNoonan) took the prime then the race settled in to a more normal cadence. But soon the primes came fast and furious and lap times dropped to 2 minutes (30 mph on the 1 mile course). The large field of 70 or so wound it up and raced super fast in this race. Morgan Hiller busted a spoke toward the middle of the race and came in for a replacement which his younger brother got for him. He got back in before the free lap rule ended and found his place toward the front of the field. In the final sprint, Sergio Atocha (GS Gotham) took the sprint ahead of Hiller (CLNoonan) and Jurgen Neblong (Base 36). Worthy of note, 58 year old former Olympian for Trinidad and Tobago, Patrick Gellineau (Team Squiggle), finished a very respectable 6th after already taking two 5 places and an eighth in the Masters races earlier in the day.

Women 30 plus and Women 40plus
These two groups raced as one pack of about 25 with separate prize lists. At the finish Rebecca Wellons outsprinted her NEBC team mate, Brook O’Connor. A couple of places back, Steph Chase (IBC) took first place in the 40plus.

Men Pro-1,2,3
A big field of more than 70 riders lined up eager for primes and prize money totaling well over $2000. Regional powerhouse teams from New England and New York were well represented with the notable absence of Robbie King and his Indy Fab squad. The racing came fast and furious with lap times occasionally going under 2 minutes (over 30 mph). After awarding 8 $100 primes, the field was strung out heading into the final laps but no move could make a lasting impression. That is until Craig Luekens (CCNS) and another rider (sorry I don’t have the name) established what looked like it could be the winning move with an 18 second gap. But with 4 laps to go CCB moved to the front and began an organized chase. Three and sometimes four CCBs dragged the field along, apparently without much help. from the rest of the field. They absolutely buried themselves to catch the break. Meanwhile, a series of crashes marred the final three laps with a few riders being taken out in each one. One of the riders later explained “people were sticking their wheels where they just didn’t belong”.

With only a couple hundred yards to the line for the finishing sprint, the CCB train caught and passed the 2 man breakaway at full gallup delivering their designated sprinter to the line with a clear shot and a full head of steam. It would be Colin Jaskiewicz’s day in the spotlight after the self less work from his CCB team mates. Those team mates included Will Dugan, Aliaksandre Bialiauski, Yahor Buben, and Dzmitri Buben. Dugan and Jaskiewicz are team mates at UVM as well as at CCB. Jaskiewicz is the current national collegiate criterium champion and Dugan is the national road race champion. Through in Jamie Driscoll, UVM’s collegiate Cyclocross champ, and you have an impressive school cycling team.

Women 3 and Women 4 raced together in one field with separate prize lists. Although there was some confusion at the finish when some of the women couldn’t see the lap cards, Frances Morrison (Mount Holyoke College) won the Cat 3 race and Pan Xieyuel (CRCA) was the first of the Cat 4s. I am sorry I don’t have more details on this race, my memory of that one is just a blur.

Women Pro-3
Rebecca Wellons (NEBC) broke away from the field to time trial away the last few laps of this one. Here is the finish line photo:




Whaling City Cyclone, June 14th, 2009
Results - http://www.bikereg.com/Results/2009/06/14-Whaling-City-Cyclone.asp

After early rains soaked the first few races of the day, race promoter Bill Humphries (aka the Bike Guy) got the weather he was hoping for. The skies dried out followed by the roads and a great day of racing was had by all except the Cat 5 field that had to race in the pouring rain. One of them even had a flashing red tail light on his bike.

The race schedule included all categories and most age groups but this report is going to be brief and limited to just the feature race of the day, Men Pro 1, 2, 3.

Many of the same riders who had competed the previous day were also present for the Whalng City Cyclone with the addition of the Independent Fabrications Team lead by last year’s winner Robbie King and Team Fuji lead by former national pro road race champion Mark McCormack. The CCB (Cycling Club of Basingstoke) was present after their win at the Nutmeg Classic the previous day.

With the prime bell going off frequently the speeds were high on this technical 6 corner course and the field was often strung out single file. Around half way through, Robbie King (Indy Fab) took a prime and kept going. This drew out Amos Brumble (CCB) and Ron Larose (CCNS). Dylan McNicholas (CCB) quickly joined giving CCB the tactical advantage in the break. With the two strongest teams in the race represented in the break, the blocking started and the lead group established a solid gap that approached half a lap of the 1 km course. At one point the gap came down a little bit and Will Dugan (CCB) jumped across to join his two team mates in the break giving CCB 3 out of 5. Robbie King kept sprinting for the primes, maybe realizing his chances in the finish were slim, and winning them. With 6, 5, 4, and 3 laps to go everyone in attendance who knows anything about tactics was wondering when CCB would begin to use their numerical advantage against Robbie and Ron. It was not until the final lap or so that the three CCB riders started attacking and making the other two chase. Larose cracked after one CCB attack but dangled in no man’s land long enough to take 5th place. The second attack went and King covered again. Heading into the final corner, CCB made their final move hoping that King was spent but he countered and blasted into the lead going up the uphill sprint. Dugan stayed right with him. Despite having been off the front for almost half the race, taking most of the primes from the breakaway, and covering strong attacks from McNicholas, Dugan and Brumble in the last lap, he held on to beat Dugan to the line by just inches. That’s two for two for Robbie at Whaling City. Robbie said after the race that he was glad Will wasn’t a little taller; he might have won with a bike throw. It was that close.

          Â¿Que debo hacer para que un Documentos surta efecto en el Exterior?        


La Legalizacion

La legalización es dar fé de la firma del funcionario público que autoriza el documento, sin prejuzgar la forma y el contenido del mismo. La Legalización de los Documentos Extranjeros es imprescindible para que surta efectos en cualquier País de que se trate. Y salvo que exista Convenio, Tratado o Acuerdo internacional que exima de su legalización, la misma se hará conforme a uno de los dos procedimientos siguientes dependiendo del país que expida el documento:

A) Apostilla de La Haya. De acuerdo con el Convenio de La Haya, de 5 de octubre de 1961, la única formalidad que se exige para los documentos procedentes de los Estados parte de dicho Convenio es el sello de La Apostilla que coloca la autoridad competente del Estado del que emana el documento y surte efectos directamente ante cualquier autoridad en el País en el que se pretenda utilizar con validez.

B) La Vía Diplomática. Es el procedimiento a utilizar para la legalización de los documentos extranjeros de Registro Civil, Notariales y Administrativos expedidos en países no firmantes del Convenio de La Haya.

¿Qué es La Apostilla?
La Apostilla de La Haya es un método simplificado de legalización de documentos a efectos de verificar su autenticidad en el ámbito internacional. Físicamente consiste en una hoja que se agrega a los documentos que la autoridad competente estampa sobre una copia del documento público. Proviene del Convenio de La Haya del 5 de octubre de 1961, también conocida como la Convención de la Apostilla, firmado en La Haya, Países Bajos, que suprime el requisito de legalización de los documentos públicos extranjeros. Entró en vigor el 24 de enero de 1965. Sólo tiene validez entre los países firmantes de este tratado, por lo que si el país donde se necesita utilizar el documento no pertenece a él, entonces será necesaria una Legalización Diplomática.
De acuerdo con el artículo 6 del Convenio, Venezuela designo como autoridad competente para expedir el sello apostilla al Ministerio De Relaciones Exteriores.
Todo documento que presente el sello de la apostilla, en Venezuela o en cualquier país parte del convenio, surte efectos legales sin necesidad de ser legalizado.  

¿En qué consiste?
Consiste en certificar que la firma y el sello de un documento público ha sido puesto por una autoridad competente. Al igual legalización, únicamente certifica que la firma o sello que muestra el documento fue emitido por un funcionario público en ejercicio de sus funciones, pero no certifica la validez del contenido del mismo. Sirve para que un documento nacional sea reconocido en un país extranjero. En principio, se reconoce en aquellos países que hayan firmado un tratado internacional, conocido como la Convención de la Haya, para disminuir así los trámites necesarios para el reconocimiento de estos en países diferentes al que fue emitido.

Documentos que se consideran Públicos:
Los documentos emanados de una autoridad o funcionario vinculado a una jurisdicción del Estado, incluyendo los provenientes del ministerio público, o de un secretario, oficial o agente judicial; b) los documentos administrativos; c) los documentos notariales; d) las certificaciones oficiales que hayan sido puestas sobre documentos privados, tales como menciones de registro, comprobaciones sobre la certeza de una fecha y autenticaciones de firmas. Pero la Convención no se aplica a los siguientes documentos: a) los documentos expedidos por agentes diplomáticos o consulares; b) los documentos administrativos que se refieran directamente a una operación mercantil o aduanera.

Miembros de la Convención de la Haya:
Actualmente existen 92 miembros de la Convención de la Apostilla: Albania, Alemania, Andorra, Antigua y Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaiyán, Bahamas, Barbados, Bielorrusia, Bélgica, Belice, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brunei, Bulgaria, China, Colombia, Islas Cook, Corea, Croacia, Chipre, República Checa, Dinamarca, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Eslovaquia, España, Estados Unidos de América, Estonia, Fiji, Finlandia, Francia, Georgia, Grecia, Granada, Honduras, Hungría, India, Islandia, Irlanda, Israel, Italia, Japón, Kazakstán, Lesotho, Letonia, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malawi, Malta, Islas Marshall, Mauricio, México, Moldova, Mónaco, Montenegro, Namibia, Nueva Zelanda, Niue, Noruega, Países Bajos, Panamá, Polonia, Portugal, República Dominicana, Reino Unido, Rumania, Federación Rusa, Saint Kitts y Nevis, Santa Lucía, San Vicente y las Granadinas, Samoa, San Marino, Serbia, Sudáfrica, Surinam, Swazilandia, Suecia, Suiza, Antigua República Yugoslava de Macedonia, Tonga, Trinidad y Tobago, Turquía, Ucrania y Venezuela.

MINISTERIO DEL PODER POPULAR PARA RELACIONES EXTERIORES
Es la autoridad competente para expedir el sello apostilla al Ministerio De Relaciones Exteriores, de conformidad con el artículo 6 del Convenio de la Haya..

Los Documentos a ser legalizados ó apostillados por el M.P.P.R.E, deben previamente ser presentados ante las siguientes instituciones:

DOCUMENTOS DE ESTUDIOS:
DOCUMENTO
INSTITUCIÓN
● Títulos
● Diplomas
● Programas
● Constancias
● Notas Certificadas
● Actas de Grado
● Documentos de Educación Básica, Media y Superior

1. Departamento de Legalización del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Educación


2. Departamento de Legalización del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Educación Superior.

Los Títulos emitidos por Universidades Privadas en todo el Territorio Nacional que vengan debidamente refrendados por el Ministro del Poder Popular para la Educación Superior, o en su defecto por el funcionario en quien se haya delegado la firma, se legalizarán directamente ante este Despacho.

DOCUMENTOS CIVILES:
DOCUMENTO
INSTITUCIÓN
● Matrimonio
● Buena Conducta
● Carta de Soltería
● Actas de Nacimiento
● Antecedentes Penales
● Defunción Sentencias de Divorcio
● Otros Documentos inherentes al Registro Civil.
1. Ministerio del Poder Popular para Relaciones Interiores y Justicia


CERTIFICADOS DE SANIDAD ANIMAL O VEGETAL:
DOCUMENTO
INSTITUCIÓN
● Traslados de Animales y Plantas.

1. Ministerio de Producción y Comercio
2. Servicio Autónomo de Sanidad Agropecuaria (SASA)

DOCUMENTOS LABORALES O DE SEGURIDAD SOCIAL:
DOCUMENTO
INSTITUCIÓN
● Constancias de Trabajo.
● Cotizaciones del Seguro Social
1. Ministerio del Trabajo

DOCUMENTOS DE TRANSITO Y TRANSPORTE:
DOCUMENTO
INSTITUCIÓN
● Registro Automotores
● Licencias de Conducir.
● Cartas Consulares
1. Ministerio de Infraestructura
2. Dirección de Transito Terrestres

DOCUMENTOS RELATIVOS A SALUD:
DOCUMENTO
INSTITUCIÓN
● Certificados e Informes Médicos.
● Titulos de Postgrado realizados en centros Hospitalarios.
1. Ministerio de Salud

CERTIFICADOS COMERCIALES:
DOCUMENTO
INSTITUCIÓN
● Origen, antigüedad, envejecimiento de invención.
● Calidad y apto para el consumo humano.
Ministerio de Producción y Comercio
Ministerio de Salud

 BASE LEGAL
    * Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela.
    * Convenio para Suprimir la Exigencia de Legalización de los Documentos Públicos Extranjeros.
    * Código Civil.
    * Ley Orgánica para la Protección del Niño y del Adolescente.
    * Decreto con Rango y Fuerza de Ley sobre Simplificación de Trámites Administrativos.
    * Reglamento Orgánico del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores.




          The Latest: Guliyev wins gold in 200 meters at worlds        

LONDON — The Latest from the world championships (all times local):

___

9:55 p.m.

Ramil Guliyev of Turkey earned the biggest upset of the world championships by winning the 200 meters ahead of Wayde van Niekerk.

Guliyev held on in the finishing straight to win in 20.09 seconds, .02 seconds ahead of Van Niekerk. Jereem Richards of Trinidad and Tobago took bronze in the same time as the South African.

Isaac Makwala of Botswana finished sixth.

___

9:45 p.m.


          Guatemala Quetzal(GTQ)/Trinidad Tobago Dollar(TTD)        
1 Guatemala Quetzal = 0.90793 Trinidad Tobago Dollar
          Flights from Cologne to Tobago        
Find cheap flights and airlines tickets to flight from Cologne to Tobago
          St Vincent and the Grenadines' New Airport on Target for End of 2015        

Possibly one of the most glamourous and exclusive holiday locations in the world is located just off the Caribbean's St Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) – the private island of Mustique. Super high-profile guests from the British Royal Family and the world of Hollywood have sought luxurious getaways on the island since the 1950s, largely due to its breathtaking beauty and guarantee of privacy.

However, by the end of this year SVG is to open its first international airport, set to make the stunning islands accessible to many more visitors from all walks of life.

SVG is a fantastic Caribbean destination that holds the promise of 32 gorgeous islands clustered together in a tropical paradise perfect for yachting, scuba diving and enjoying nature or just relaxing in luxurious hideaways.

In recent years SVG has concentrated efforts to develop infrastructure to support and stimulate tourism in the islands including the construction of the Argyle International Airport, due for completion at the end of this year.

Delays have plagued the launch of the airport since the tiny Caribbean nation first announced the project in 2007, now long-since passed its original completion date scheduled for 2011. However, this year has seen construction make leaps and bounds with the airport's terminal building, featuring a departure lounge, concessions area, a rooftop restaurant and a conference centre with a roof garden and parking all now complete. Paving to the runway has also been completed leaving the total build on schedule for a late 2015 opening.

When complete SVG's first international airport will have three floors with a total area of 12,065m2 floor space with capacity to handle 1.5 million passengers annually. This will increase the number of visitors to SVG more than five times the number currently passing through the existing ET Joshua Airport.

Argyle Airport has been financed by the SVG government with grants, donations and loans from countries including Cuba, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Mexico, Austria, Malaysia, Turkey, Qatar and Taiwan. Foreign investment has been easy for SVG to attract for this project due to the outstanding returns investors are likely to enjoy from the boost to the nation's tourism.

The airport will also provide uplift to SVG's economy by improving its ability to deliver vital fish exports to markets in the US. Agriculture and Fisheries Minister Saboto Caesar said: " We have had a problem where we have markets in the United States of America but we do not have the means of getting the fish to the US markets in a timely manner when the fish is still fresh ", noting that the new airport will solve that problem.

" We want the private sector to come on board with their part in tourism, with agriculture. I continue to mention that many of our farmers in St Vincent and the Grenadines will be benefitting significantly from the Argyle International Airport ", he added.

In terms of property investment the scene is set for some outstanding returns for SVG real estate. With some of the more well-known parts of the Caribbean rapidly becoming saturated, SVG has started to attract increasing interest from foreign buyers.

The soon-to-be-discovered islands present many high-value opportunities in its real estate, boosted by the bright outlook for the country's tourism on completion of the airport. There's something for every budget in St Vincent & the Grenadines too with increasing opportunities to invest in lower entry level hotel and apartment options, as construction of new homes steps up to meet improving demand ahead of the airport's completion later this year.



Article by +https://plus.google.com/104516603036446499629?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          What really got me to lose weight?        
I had a good friend pass away this summer. It was shocking but mostly a tragedy. She had lived out of the country in far away places for over 20 years. We would connect at least once a year or twice if we were lucky. My husband and I visit her and her husband in Jakarta and Bali. Where I got pregnant at 40 with identical twin boys, that's another story in itself. We missed them when they were in Africa the boys were toddlers. We visited them in Trinidad and Tobago when the boys were 12. Rose ...
          Worldwide Wednesday: T Pray for Trinidad and Tobago        
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago are Two islands off the coast of Venezuela.   Prayercast Challenges for Prayer Cross-cultural vision is quite small but growing. The nation needs to move from a receiving mentality to a sending mentality. Pray for greater awareness of local and world needs, and for effective training […]
          Ebony Patterson        

Jamaican artist Ebony Patterson speaks about the politics of art reception, what it’s like to live and work between different countries, and how her love of making motivates her.

“My passion for making is what drives everything else because fame is fleeting. And all these other things, like having a show right now—nobody may even be interested in showing my work in twenty years! I have to make sure that the work is what really gives me gratification.”

Ebony Patterson is a Jamaican artist represented by Monique Meloche Gallery in Chicago and an Associate Professor in Painting and Mixed Media at the School of Visual Arts and Visual Studies at the University of Kentucky, Lexington. Ebony Patterson was born in Kingston, Jamaica. She began drawing, painting, and experimenting with craft-oriented art works in high school. Patterson earned an Honors Diploma in Painting from the Edna Manley College of Visual and Performing Arts in Kingston, and a Master of Fine Arts degree in Printmaking and Drawing from the Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts at Washington University in St. Louis. Patterson has been featured in such publications as The New York Times, Frieze Magazine, Huffington Post, Art Papers, Art Nexus and The International Review of African American Art. Her work has been featured in group exhibitions at venues such as Contemporary Art Center, New Orleans; Frost Art Museum, Miami; Museum of Contemporary African Diasporan Arts (MoCADA), Brooklyn; Studio Museum, Harlem, New York; Museum of the Americas, Washington D.C.; the National Gallery of Jamaica, Kingston; and Kunsthale KAde Amsersfoot, The Netherlands. Her work has also been featured in solo exhibitions at such venues as Monique Meloche Gallery, Chicago; See Line Gallery, Los Angeles; the Kentucky Museum of Art and Craft, Louisville; the National Gallery of Bermuda, Hamilton, Bermuda; and Alice Yard, Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago.


          Taking it easy in Tobago        
For an island that's named after the stuff, Tobago is short on good tobacco. I'm drifting through the shops in the lush coastal hamlet of Castara, hoping to find something other than the dreaded red Du Maurier packs.
          ASPECTOS GENERALES DE LA CULTURA COLOMBIANA        
CULTURA DE COLOMBIA













”Coronación de la virgen”, obra de Baltasar de Vargas Figueroa, (1663).

La cultura de Colombia tiene su origen esencialmente en el mestizaje cultural de los pueblos nativos con la influencia colonizadora española y posteriormente de la influencia de la cultura norteamericana.

Diversidad cultural

Como consecuencia del aislamiento geográfico y la dificultad de acceso entre las diferentes regiones del país, se desarrollaron con el paso del tiempo subregiones muy distintivas y variadas culturalmente. Debido a la gran diversidad es difícil agrupar las diferentes subculturas del país, pero pueden considerarse a grandes rasgos las más representativas, entre las que se encuentran:

Costeños Costa Atlántica y las sabanas del norte del país.
Paisas de Antioquia y el Eje Cafetero
Llaneros pertenecientes a los llanos de la Orinoquía y que comparten frontera con Venezuela.
Santandereanos pertenecientes a Santander y Norte de Santander.
Raizales pertenecientes al Archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, cuya cultura es distinta de los Costeños e influenciada por pueblos del Mar Caribe.
Vallunos, Caucanos y Chocoanos pertenecientes a la Costa Pacífica y parte de la andina, con presencia indígena y afrodescendiente.
Tolimenses pertenecientes al Huila y al Tolima.
Pastusos pertenecientes al departamento de Nariño fronterizo con Ecuador, con fuerte ascendencia indígena.
Amazónicos pertenecientes a las selvas del sureste del país.
Cundiboyacenses y Cachacos pertenecientes al interior del país en el Altiplano Cundiboyacense.
El acento y la pronunciación de las palabras varían considerablemente en cada una de las regiones mencionadas, así como también la comida y sus costumbres.

Familia

Hay un gran contraste en términos de las infraestructuras familiares. Mientras que los pueblos amerindios de la Amazonia, siguen dependiendo de la caza, recolección y horticultura itinerante y viviendo en cabañas o malocas cubiertas de hojas de palma, en Bogotá, la capital, la población de 8 millones de habitantes (de un total de 45 millones en el país) vive en edificios de grandes dimensiones y aprovecha la tecnología informática y de telecomunicaciones.

Artes

Artesanías

Cerca de un millón de colombianos viven de forma directa o indirecta del sector de la artesanía, particularmente dinámico en el país. Este sector, que contribuye notablemente a la economía nacional, cuenta con unos 350.000 artesanos, de los cuales aproximadamente el 60% procede de zonas rurales y de comunidades indígenas, y el 65% son mujeres. El arte precolombino, milenario, era particularmente rico.

Las figuras construidas en oro y las piezas de joyería fueron bastante codiciadas por los colonizadores españoles, que en algunos casos desataron auténticas masacres con el fin de poseerlas (más por los materiales preciosos usados en ellas que por su valor artístico). Muchas de esas piezas fueron llevadas a España, donde fueron destruidas para usar el oro y otras piedras preciosas en otros objetos.

Las excavaciones arqueológicas han develado muchos de estos objetos, que aún hoy en día son una pequeña ventana hacia la opulencia artística del pasado de este pueblo. Las artesanías producidas por los grupos étnicos son igualmente ricas y bastante apreciadas, tanto por los locales como por los turistas. El pueblo guajiro fabrica bolsas, cinturones y redes tejidas manualmente.

Los paeces, por su parte, son conocidos por la manufactura de sus típicos chales de lana. También el barro ha sido muy utilizado para crear artesanías como vasijas, ollas entre otras. Es considerado como un símbolo del trabajo y esfuerzo de todos los colombianos, que trabajan que se esmeran por conseguir un mejor país.

Artes plásticas

”San José y el Niño”, de Gregorio Vásquez de Arce y Ceballos, considerado por muchos colombianos como su mejor pintor de la época colonial.

En la época colonial, la pintura colombiana estaba marcada por los trabajos de los tres Figueroa, auténticos pioneros de este arte: Baltasar de Figueroa, el viejo; Gaspar de Figueroa, su hijo y Baltasar de Figueroa, el joven. Gaspar fue el maestro de artistas de relevancia, entre quienes se encuentra notablemente Gregorio Vásquez de Arce y Ceballos. José María Espinosa Prieto, pintor, grabador y miniaturista, también es destacado por sus retratos, paisajes y caricaturas. A Epifanio Garay también se hace gran referencia, sobre todo como retratista, a pesar de que gran parte de su obra se desarrolló en Panamá.

Después de la independencia de España, en 1819, el arte colombiano tiene poca representatividad y todavía es muy dependiente de lo figurativo. Hay quien explica este atraso en la evolución de los estilos artísticos colombianos por medio de la propia geografía montañosa del país, que no permitía un contacto y un diálogo continuados entre las diversas tendencias creativas que ahí se desarrollaban.

En la décadas de 1920 a 1940, Marco Tobón Mejía, José Horacio Betancur, Pedro Nel Gómez, Ignacio Gómez Jaramillo , Santiago Martinez Delgado y Alipio Jaramillo consiguen crear algún dinamismo con la elaboración de murales, influenciados, en el estilo, por el arte mejicano, aunque con características neoclásicas y del Art Nouveau. En el inicio de la década de 1940, debido a un creciente desinterés internacional por el arte colombiano, comienzan a aparecer obras que no habían sido ensayados allí, como el post-impresionismo y el estilo académico francés. El paisajista Ricardo Gómez Campuzano es un ejemplo de esto (Calle de Cartagena de Indias).

Muchos historiadores de arte consideran, entretanto, que el arte colombiano sólo comenzó a tener un carácter propio a partir de mediados del siglo XX, al recrear, bajo un nuevo punto de vista, los elementos culturales y artísticos tradicionales, integrando los conceptos desarrollados por el arte del siglo XX. Igancio Gomez Jaramillo, cuya obra puede ser considerada “modernista”, presentó, por ejemplo en su Retrato de los hermanos Greiff, lo que el arte colombiano podía unir a las nuevas técnicas con respecto a la cultura y los temas típicamente colombianos. Carlos Correa, en su obra paradigmática, “Naturaleza muerta en silencio”, combina la abstracción geométrica y el cubismo, inaugurando un estilo todavía recurrente a la actualidad. Pedro Nel Gómez, que se destacó en el dibujo, la acuarela, el fresco, la pintura al óleo y la escultura en madera, piedra y bronce, demuestra, por ejemplo en “Autorretrato con sombrero” (1941), su familiaridad con las obras de Gauguin y Van Gogh, revelando también la influencia de otros autores como Cézanne en su “Autorretrato” de 1949 o José Clemente Orozco, en su serie sobre las Barequeras (mujeres que se dedicaban a la prospección de oro). Alejandro Obregón, considerado por muchos como el "padre del arte colombiana" (debido a su originalidad, inauguradora de un arte considerado colombiano de raíz), debido a sus pinturas de paisajes nacionales caracterizados por pinceladas violentas y por el uso simbólico y expresionista de animales (especialmente aves, como el cóndor), ha sido largamente aclamado por críticos y por el público en general, y fue, sin duda, el artista más influyente de este período. Son notorias las influencias de Picasso y de Graham Sutherland. En la actualidad, es de renombre internacional el aporte a la pintura que hacen artistas como Fernando Botero y Omar Rayo.

Literatura

Gabriel García Márquez, ganador del Premio Nobel de Literatura 1982, es colombiano. Entre los libros que escribió, de calidad reconocida en todo el mundo, Cien años de soledad continúa siendo un "best seller" y es ampliamente considerado la cumbre del llamado “realismo mágico” – corriente literaria que no se limita, sin embargo, a Colombia sino en general a América Latina. Otros autores de importancia son Jorge Isaacs, autor de María, Gonzalo Arango, fundador del Nadaísmo, Álvaro Mutis, ganador del Premio Cervantes, Fernando Vallejo, crítico constante de la doble moral típica de los antioqueños y ganador del premio Rómulo Gallegos, José Asunción Silva, precursor del romanticismo latinoamericano, Raúl Gómez Jattin, Efraím Medina, Andrés Caicedo, las poetas Piedad Bonnet y María Mercedes Carranza, Aurelio Arturo, el novelista Germán Espinosa y el fallecido Rafael Chaparro Madiedo. Las más importantes revistas literarias son El Malpensante, Arcadia, Número y Puesto de Combate.

Música


"Fiesta en Palenque" musica y baile tradicional de Palenque de San Basilio, Obras Maestras del Patrimonio Oral e Intangible de la Humanidad. Costa caribe Colombiana.
La música tradicional colombiana se deriva de una mezcla de influencias africanas, europeas (especialmente españolas), de las formas musicales modernas de América y del Caribe, así como de Trinidad y Tobago, Cuba y Jamaica. Frecuentemente se refiere a la cumbia como la música nacional.

La cumbia resulta también de una mezcla de influencias españolas y africanas (debido al transporte de esclavos para las plantaciones de café y la minería). En el siglo XIX, la abolición de la esclavitud aumentó la influencia mutua entre los diversos grupos étnicos. Fue la época de oro del bambuco, el vallenato y del porro. Cuando el vals se volvió popular, en el mismo siglo, los colombianos rápidamente inventaron su variante: el pasillo.

En el campo de la llamada música clásica, nos podemos referir, por ejemplo a Luis A. Calvo, a Luis Antonio Escobar o a Guillermo Uribe Holguín. Desde la década del 80 ha tomado gran fuerza el rock como música nacional. El Festival Rock al parque, que se realiza cada octubre en Bogotá es considerado el más importante de América Latina. Un ejemplo del "boom" del género "Pop latino" en Colombia son artistas de renombre internacional como Juan Esteban Aristizábal (Juanes) o la cantaautora Shakira, una de las cantantes con más éxito internacional en la historia de la música latina.


Cine


El interés por la producción cinematográfica se tardó en llegar a Colombia. En cuanto a que otros países daban los primeros pasos en este arte, los colombianos estaban envueltos en la Guerra de los Mil Días. Vicente y Francisco Di Doménico, de origen italiano, fueron los pioneros en lo que respecta a la producción de filmes. El 8 de diciembre de 1912 se inaugura la primera gran sala de cine de Colombia: el Salón Olympia, con capacidad para tres mil personas.

Los directores más destacados de la cinematografía colombiana son Sergio Cabrera, Felipe Aljure, Luís Ospina, Víctor Gaviria y Carlos Mayolo. Dentro de las propuestas más recientes encontramos a Andy Baíz y Juan Felipe Arango, director de Al final del espectro, cinta de suspensos cuyo remake será protagonizado por la actriz australiana Nicole Kidman. En una línea comercial más alejada de lo artístico se situa el trabajo de Dago García y Rodrigo Tríada.

Fotografía

Colombia ha tenido destacados maestros de la fotografía en el plano internacional como el maestro Leo Matiz Espinoza cuyos trabajos fueron ampliamente reconocidos en México, Estados Unidos (trabajó para The New York Times), en Italia y en Venezuela. Su fotografía, "Pavo real del mar", está considerada una de las más importantes fotografías del país. Otros maestros de la fotografía colombiana son Ervin Kraus, Melitón Rodríguez, Saul Ordúz, Miguel Ángel Rojas, Abdú Eljaiek, Gabriel Carvajal y Sady González, quienes son los clásicos de la fotografía en Colombia y cuyas obras registran la historia del país desde mediados del siglo XIX o aportaron su talento a otras naciones.

Ocio

El fútbol es el deporte nacional por excelencia, al igual que en la gran mayoría de países de América Latina. Ver los juegos en la televisión es uno de los pasatimepos nacionales y de las actividades más populares. Las victorias de la selección nacional son celebradas de forma exuberante. Sin embargo, se considera una ocupación masculina: muchos hombres y muchachos dedican su tiempo libre a esta modalidad deportiva.

Otro juego tradicional es el tejo o turmequé, heredado del patrimonio cultural de los chibchas, que consiste en lanzar pequeños discos de metal hacia un detonador de pólvora. El vencedor es aquel que logre causar el mayor número de explosiones, en relación con el número de lanzamientos.

Las danzas populares constituyen una parte importante de la identidad cultural colombiana. De las decenas de ritmos y estilos de danza, uno de los más populares es el bambuco de la región andina, caracterizado por diversos pasos complejos que remiten al cortejo y al enamoramiento. Hay quienes consideran este el baile nacional, puesto que está siendo usado incluso desde la campaña libertadora, aunque compite fuertemente por este título con la cumbia caribeña y con el vallenato.

Gastronomía

El pueblo colombiano da importancia especial al almuerzo, que suele tomarse entre las 13:00 y las 14:00 (1:00 - 2:00 p.m.). La porción consiste, en general, de sopa, seguida de un plato l (llamado "seco" o "bandeja"). Lo anterior se sirve con un refresco o jugo.
Entre las bebidas alcohólicas son populares el aguardiente, la cerveza y el ron. El café es muy apreciado,tanto que es considerado la bebida nacional, especialmente en la forma del "tinto" (tacita de café cargado). En Bogotá se bebe también el chocolate santafereño, servido con queso y pan (habitualmente el queso se parte en pedazos y se introduce en el chocolate). Colombia es uno de los principales mercados de gaseosas de America Latina y hay gaseosas populares hechas en el país como la Kola Román originaria de Cartagena de Indias y la Kola Hipinto originaria en Bucaramanga.
En Colombia se consumen muchas variedades de fruta, totalmente desconocidas en Europa y en América del Norte, como la guayaba, el zapote, el lulo, la curuba, el mamoncillo, el corozo, la uchuva, la feijoa, la granadilla, el mamey, el borojó, el mango, el chontaduro, el tamarindo, el tomate de árbol, la guanábana, la badea, el chotaduro, y la pitahaya. Algunas sólo se consumen en algunas regiones, y por lo tanto su consumo no es generalizado.

Las hojas de plátano son comunes en la cocina tradicional, por ejemplo en los "quesillos" (queso envuelto en estas hojas) y en los "tamales".

El Valle del Cauca hace un gran aporte a la gastronomía colombiana, productos como el "manjarblanco" (dulce de leche servido en cuencos naturales), el delicioso ceviche de camarón propio de Buenaventura (Colombia), los "pandebonos" (penecillos de almidón con queso), las gelatinas andaluzas (gominolas derivadas de los cascos de la res); pero si al Valle se le conoce por algo es por ser "la tierra que endulza a Colombia", pues es en el Valle donde están ubicadas las mayores empresas azucareras, así como una de las empresas suramericanas más grandes en producción de golosinas y todo tipo de confituras.

En Santander, el plato típico son grandes hormigas fritas (hormiga culona). Para los paisas, los fríjoles y las arepas de maíz, son la comida cotidiana. El plato típico de los pastusos es el cuy; el de los tolimenses y opitas la lechona (cerdo relleno) y el delas comunidades afro del Pacífico es el tapao, pescado de mar con plátano verde. Las comunidades indígenas de la Amazonia y la cuenca del Orinco, dan gran importancia al procesamiento de la yuca y al consumo de sus derivados como la fariña y el casabe.

          Postura de Jamaica frente a la Corte Penal Internacional        
DOCUMENTACIÓN JUSTICIA INTERNACIONAL
Índice AI: AMR 38/002/2004 1 de marzo de 2004
Jamaica: Insten al primer ministro, P. J. Patterson,
a que ratifique el Estatuto de Roma de la Corte Penal Internacional


Como miembro de la Comunidad del Caribe (CARICOM), Jamaica ha
contribuido de manera decisiva al establecimiento de la Corte Penal
Internacional. Jamaica y otros Estados del Caribe se adhirieron en 1989 al
llamamiento dirigido por Trinidad y Tobago a la Asamblea General de las
Naciones Unidas para que avanzase en el establecimiento de una Corte Penal
Internacional de carácter permanente encargada de enjuiciar a las personas
acusadas de los peores crímenes comprendidos en el derecho internacional y
los delitos relacionados con el narcotráfico.

En virtud de lo dispuesto en el Estatuto de Roma de la Corte Penal
Internacional, adoptado el 17 de julio de 1998, la Corte tiene competencia
inicialmente para enjuiciar a los presuntos autores de genocidio, crímenes de
lesa humanidad y crímenes de guerra. Los Estados que han ratificado el
Estatuto de Roma se reunirán en 2009 para estudiar la posibilidad de atribuir
nuevos delitos a la competencia de la Corte, incluidos los delitos relacionados
con el tráfico de drogas.

Jamaica firmó el Estatuto de Roma el 8 de septiembre de 2000, indicando su
intención de ratificar el tratado. No obstante, hasta la fecha no lo ha hecho. En
julio de 2003, durante la reunión de jefes de Estado y de gobierno de la
CARICOM, los Estados miembros que no habían ratificado aún el Estatuto de
Roma o no se habían adherido a él, entre los que se encontraba Jamaica,
manifestaron su intención de hacerlo a la mayor brevedad.

Según la información de que dispone Amnistía Internacional, el gobierno de
Jamaica tiene intención de promulgar la legislación necesaria para incorporar el
Estatuto de Roma al derecho interno antes de proceder a su ratificación con el
objeto de que los tribunales jamaicanos puedan desempeñar su cometido
primordial de investigar y enjuiciar a los presuntos autores de los delitos y
cooperar plenamente con la Corte Penal Internacional. Amnistía Internacional
acoge con satisfacción la decisión de su gobierno, habida cuenta de que la
promulgación de dicha legislación es indispensable para que la Corte funcione eficazmente. Con todo, a la organización le preocupa que no se haya iniciado
aún el proceso de preparación de tal legislación.

Amnistía Internacional insta a Jamaica a que inicie el proceso de redacción de
las leyes necesarias para la aplicación efectiva del Estatuto de Roma, mediante
un procedimiento transparente en el que, entre otras cuestiones, se consulte
ampliamente a la sociedad civil para que el país pueda ratificar este instrumento
jurídico lo antes posible.

Actúe:

Usted puede ayudar a alentar al gobierno de Jamaica a que ratifique el Estatuto
de Roma de la Corte Penal Internacional sin demora. Envíe llamamientos por
correo o fax, preferiblemente en inglés, al primer ministro, P. J. Patterson.
Puede utilizar la carta modelo que se incluye a continuación:


Señor Primer Ministro:

Me dirijo a Usted para instarle encarecidamente a que Jamaica ratifique el
Estatuto de Roma lo antes posible, en un momento en que la Corte Penal
Internacional está iniciando su importante labor para acabar con la impunidad
de que gozan los autores de genocidio, crímenes de lesa humanidad y crímenes
de guerra.

Como miembro de la Comunidad del Caribe (CARICOM), Jamaica ha
contribuido de manera decisiva al establecimiento de la Corte Penal
Internacional. Su país indicó concretamente su intención de ratificar el Estatuto
de Roma al proceder a su firma el 8 de septiembre de 2000, y posteriormente,
en julio del año pasado, durante la reunión de jefes de Estado y de gobierno de
la CARICOM, al comprometerse a ratificarlo a la mayor brevedad.

Me congratula saber que antes de proceder a la ratificación del Estatuto de
Roma su gobierno tiene intención de promulgar la legislación necesaria que
permita su aplicación efectiva, por la que se penalizarán los actos de genocidio,
crímenes de lesa humanidad y crímenes de guerra y se facilitará la cooperación
plena con la Corte. Es esencial que se promulgue tal legislación para garantizar
que Jamaica cumple sus obligaciones en relación con la Corte. Con todo, me
preocupa que no se haya empezado aún a preparar dicha legislación.

Así pues, le insto a que su país aborde con carácter preferente la elaboración de
los proyectos legislativos necesarios para la aplicación efectiva del Estatuto de Roma, mediante un procedimiento transparente en el que, entre otras
cuestiones, se consulte ampliamente a la sociedad civil al objeto de que
Jamaica pueda unirse a la comunidad internacional en la lucha contra la
impunidad ratificando el Estatuto de Roma lo antes posible.

Atentamente,

[Dirección]





********



Índice AI: AMR 38/002/2004 1 de marzo de 2004

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          Soca Rhythms from Calypso Rose and Lord Rhaburn to fill the air on Saturday Night, July 13th, 2013        

This Saturday night in Belize will bring back memories for many Belizeans as Calypso Rose and Lord Rhaburn take the stage at the House of Culture. Rose and Rhaburn has been very instrumental in keeping Belizeans moving to the rhythms of Calypso for many September Celebrations in Belize. This weekend is history in the making as they take the stage and entertain Belizeans once again.

"Calypso Rose born McCartha Linda Sandy-Lewis, April 27th, 1940 in Bethel, Tobago is a calypsonian. She began writing songs at the age of 15, turned professional in 1964 and has written over 800 songs and recorded over 20 albums." - Wikipedia

"Lord Rhaburn born Gerald Rhaburn is a Belizean calypso, soca, reggae and brukdown musician. He became famous when performing with the Lord Rhaburn Combo in the 1970's and 1980's. Rhaburn has toured frequently abroad promoting Belizean music." - Wikipedia

Calypso Rose and Lord Rhaburn in concert.
Don't miss this epic and historical event, Saturday July 13th at the Belize House of Culture.






          John Paul Jones: A Founder of the U.S. Navy        

From a Scottish port to colonial Fredericksburg to the royal courts of France and Russia, the little man who famously refused to give up the fight was perfectly at home in both cottages and elegant salons, but he was always eager to set sail for adventure and glory.

The Sailor Lad Named John Paul
 
He was a Scot by a whisker, born at an estate named Arbigland at Kirkbean, Kirkcudbright, on the southern coast of Scotland on July 6, 1747.  His father was no nobleman. He was the gardener for the Arbigland estate, and the Paul family lived in a small but comfortable cottage. John Paul had the usual course of study at a village school in Kirkbean and by the time he was 13 he was ready to go to sea.
 
This was not an unusual choice for teenage boys growing up on the Scottish coast, and his parents gave their blessing. John Paul's first voyages were aboard the merchant brig Friendship out of Whitehaven. The Friendship was not a large vessel. It measured perhaps 80 to 85 feet by 22 feet. But she was ocean-going, and her crew of 28 knew how to handle both her sails and her 18 deck guns.  Guns she needed, for in those days, merchant vessels might be harassed by pirates or enemy nations.
 
The Fredericksburg Connection
 
For three years, John Paul sailed the Friendship on her yearly voyage from Whitehaven to Barbados to Virginia. Her "triangle trade" sent out consumer goods to Barbados where she picked up rum and sugar in its place.  In Virginia, those were exchanged for tobacco, pig iron, and barrel staves.
 
Fredericksburg, Virginia, was home to John Paul's older brother William.  William worked as a tailor in the busy colonial port, living at the corner of what is now Caroline Street and Lafayette Boulevard.  William had an unhappy marriage and left no children, but during the visits, his young brother became enthusiastic about the American colony's prospects.
 
After the French and Indian War ended, Britain experienced a recession. Back in Whitehaven, the Friendship was sold and her crew let go. Sixteen-year-old John Paul had three years' worth of sailing skills, but was now without work as were many seamen. Eventually he accepted work as third mate aboard the King George. The King George was a slaver, also known as a blackbirder, taking advantage of the still legal status on importations of slaves.
 
John Paul served on the King George for two years. He then took a post as first mate aboard another slaver called the Two Friends. But after just one voyage aboard the Two Friends he resigned, never again serving as part of what he would later call "that abominable trade."  Still a teenager when he was paid off in Jamaica, he was able to find a ride home to Britain with a friendly Scot, also from Kirkcudbright, aboard the brigantine John.
 
A Captain at Last
 
But both the master and first mate of the John died of fever during the voyage, so young John Paul sailed her back to her home port. The ship's owners were very happy to have their ship arrive safely and rewarded John by giving him his first command.
 
Twenty-year-old John Paul and six other crew members made two round-trip voyages to Jamaica in the John. With the John's owners' full recommendations, John Paul's next command came in 1772 when he took charge of the three-masted brig, the Betsy of London.
 
Under an Assumed Name
 
The Betsy made good money for Captain Paul, but she was a leaky vessel and some of the crew became mutinous over a pay issue. Whilst in Tobago, the ringleader--whom John Paul later described as "a prodigious brute of thrice my strength"--swung at him with a club. The small-sized Captain Paul ran him through with his sword. Since his assailant was local to Tobago, John Paul's friends urged him to consider leaving the island quickly, not trusting the local authorities to give him a fair hearing.  This he did, tacking on the moniker Jones to John Paul. From here on out, he would be known as Captain Paul Jones rather than Captain Paul.
 
In early 1774, he was back in Fredericksburg with his brother William. By this time he was 27 years old and ready to make the acquaintance of some of the Old Dominion's Revolutionary leaders.  Like many of those powerful men, he was a mason, welcome at any lodge in the world. Later in France he would spend time at the Seven Sisters Lodge, popular with American diplomats and a gathering place for early revolutionary ideas.
 
The War Begins
 
In 1775, after the battles at Lexington and Concord, John Paul Jones offered his services to the new Continental Navy. He served on the Providence (ex-Katy), the Alfred, and the Ranger. They captured prize ships, including valuable merchant vessels, and destroyed shore batteries. The Mellish's captured cargo of 10,000 complete winter uniforms and other equipment were especially appreciated by George Washington and his freezing troops at Valley Forge in the days before they crossed the Delaware for a surprise attack at Trenton.
 
The captain was confident in his tactics and critical of his opponents, writing of his capture of the HMS Milford near Nova Scotia that he cracked on the sail, then shortened down "...to give him a wild goose chase, and tempt him to throw away powder and shot...He excited my contempt so much by his continual firing at more than twice the proper distance, that when he rounded to give his broadside, I ordered my Marine officer to return the salute with only a single musquit."
 
Tormenting the British Coast-and His Hometown
 
John Paul Jones continued his patrol of the New England coast until July of 1777 when he took charge of the newly-built Ranger. Named in honor of American riflemen, the Ranger was a specially constructed warship and not a converted merchant vessel.
 
On November 1, 1777, the Ranger set sail for France.  Upon arrival, Jones reported to First Commissioner Benjamin Franklin who introduced him to Paris society and international politics.  Although Jones hoped to exchange the Ranger for a larger and better ship, soon the captain was setting sail with a refitted Ranger, his commission in hand to "[distress] the Enemies of the United States, by sea or otherwise, consistent with the laws of war, and the terms of your commission."
 
Capturing more prize vessels and launching raids on the British coast was how he intended to fulfill that commission. Sailing back to Whitehaven and Kirkcudbright Bay, Jones was certainly in familiar waters. Famously, despite a nearly mutinous crew--some of whom chucked his orders to go to a nearby pub, he successfully and bloodlessly took out the guns at Whitehaven, adding luster to his reputation. The English newspapers were filled with rumors of John Paul Jones' appearance off many a coastal town and contemporary illustrations showed him snarling, with a distinctly piratical gleam to his eye.
 
In April of 1778, he made a strange and daring daylight raid on the Earl of Selkirk's mansion, though it did not go as he planned.
 
His frequently unruly crew demanded more prize money and so in order to satisfy them he allowed them to politely filch the Selkirk silver service-but naught else. The captain's real purpose in the raid was to kidnap the Earl and exchange him for guarantees that captured U.S. sailors would be treated as prisoners of war and not summarily hanged as pirates. Unfortunately for Jones, the Earl was not at home. Determined to act in a gentlemanly fashion, the mortified captain bought back the silver from his crew and later returned it to Lord Selkirk and his lady with many apologies.
Shortly after the Selkirk episode, he and his crew took out HMS Drake-her decks "running with blood and rum"-and captured some 200 prisoners in the process.
 
The Bon Homme Richard v. the HMS Serapis: "I Have Not Yet Begun to Fight!"
 
In February, 1779, the captain was given command of a large ship designed to carry heavy guns. It was called Duc de Duras but John Paul Jones renamed it Bonhomme Richard in honor of his friend, Benjamin Franklin, who wrote and published Poor Richard's Almanack, which had been translated to the French as Les Maximes du Bonhomme Richard.
Built by the French, the Bon Homme Richard was a luxurious vessel: beautiful carvings, gold decorations, veneered decks, and a spacious, well-lit captain's cabin, riding high above the waterline.  The crew was a mix of American, British, French, Portuguese, Danish and Dutch sailors.  On board also was Dr. Laurence Brooke, a native of Spotsylvania.
 
The Bon Homme Richard was the center of a squadron that sailed on June 12. 
At sunset on September 23, they encountered HMS Serapis and the Countess of Scarborough escorting a fleet of 41 merchantmen. Jones got close by assuming the identity of a British vessel that resembled his own.
 
The battle lasted for several hours, leaving the Richard slowly sinking from a raking by Serapis' 18-lb guns, leading to Jones making his famous pronouncement: "I have not yet begun to fight!" Yet ultimately the victory went to the Americans in part due to the sheer nerve of one of Jones' maintop men.  Scotsman Bill Hamilton crawled across the Richard's main yard with a sack of grenades and tossed them into the Serapis' main hatch, touching off an explosion of powder cartridges. After that devastation, Captain Pearson of the Serapis surrendered. In Jones' blasted and ruined luxury cabin, Pearson offered his host his sword, and the two men cordially drank glasses of wine as the poor Richard continued to sink beneath them.
 
Both crews sustained heavy casualties, and Jones received a head wound. Richard's crew was transferred to the captured Serapis and the other American ships.  Although Jones tried hard to save the Richard, she sank beneath the waves the following day, taking some of Jones' personal belongings with it.
 
John Paul Jones' victory inspired his French allies and the young country that was very much embroiled with land battles. He received many military honors and a special gold medal—which he helped design--was struck to commemorate the victory. One side showed his handsome profile and the other had a likeness of the victorious but doomed Bon Homme Richard.
 
Chevalier Paul Jones: Ladies' Man
 
Despite his famous success, John Paul Jones had a difficult time finding a command worthy of his accomplishments.  Benjamin Franklin assured his protégé that his "cool Conduct & persevering Bravery" were the talk of Paris and Versailles.  Proud as the French were of him, they considered the captured Serapis to be French property as the Richard had technically belonged to them while Jones captained her.
 
Still while looking for a position, Jones kept busy.  His rock star status, good looks and gentle manners earned him much appreciation.  The French king Louis XVI gave him the Order of Military Merit which allowed him to sign his name "Chevalier Paul Jones," which he sometimes did. 
 
Abigail Adams, wife to the future president, wrote of Jones:
"Under all this appearance of softness he is bold, enterprising, ambitious and active.  He has been here often and dined with us several times; he is said to be a man of gallantry and a favorite amongst the French ladies..."
 
Comfortable though he was, his ambition pushed him to make conquests beyond the boudoirs. He almost got a significant command back in the United States, but at the last moment the 74-gun ship America was gifted to the French as a thank-you for their help in defeating the British.
 
Left without a proper rank as Congress chose to give him a gold medal rather than an exulted position, John Paul Jones took up Russian Empress Catherine the Great's offer of an admiralty.  He performed well in the Liman Campaign against the Turks in the Black Sea but he made an enemy of Prince Potemkin, the Queen's favorite, when he criticized the leadership of the other commanders, though he got on very well with the Russian crews.
 
 Admiral Ivan Pavel Dzhones Leaves Russia under a Cloud
 
While waiting for his next command, the admiral learned more about the ways of the Russian Court. He continued enjoying women who offered themselves to him and did not refuse when a fresh-faced peddler-girl made him a proposition. The young butter-seller went to the authorities claiming that Jones had raped her, and she a virgin and not yet in her teens.
 
Naturally popular sentiment rose against him although it was later revealed that the girl was a good bit older and definitely not an innocent. It came to light that this was probably a court-driven plot, but by that time it was too late to save his reputation.  He went to Empress Catherine hoping to get another command but instead he received an official leave of absence. Between his newfound notoriety and Empress' coolness towards him, it was time to leave Mother Russia and return to Paris.
 
 An Early Death but a Hero's Return
 
Unfortunately the Paris to which John Paul Jones returned was not the glittering jewel that it had once been.  The French were experiencing their own revolution, and his health was very poor. Although the Swedes did offer him the chance to fight the ungrateful Russians, he died in debt on July 18, 1792, before he could accept either that or a forthcoming position as US Consul to the Barbary States. He was 45 years old.
 
John Paul Jones' Final Resting PlaceJones' French friends paid for the funeral, and he was buried in a lead-lined coffin in the cemetery for Protestant foreigners. They also took care to preserve his body in alcohol so that he might better be paid proper honors when the madness of the world subsided and the United States remembered her hero.
 
It was a long time coming, but in 1905 American authorities located his coffin in the now over-built cemetery. They were able to find it relatively easily because it was lined in lead.  The body was moved back to America with great pomp and show as 11 battleships saw him back home over the seas with great ceremony. Fredericksburg was among the places that vied to be his final resting, but in the end the Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis was chosen.
The body of John Paul Jones rests in an ornate crypt carved with the names of his fighting vessels.
 
Learn More in the Library
This article has only sketched John Paul Jones' brilliant and tempestuous life. The following books and Web sites are intriguing sources of information:
 
John Paul Jones: A Sailor's Biography by Samuel Eliot Morison.  Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1989.
John Paul Jones: Maverick Hero by Frank Walker. Drexel Hill, PA: Casemate, 2008.
The Ships of John Paul Jones by William Gilkerson. Annapolis, MD: United States Naval Academy Museum, the Beverley R. Robinson Collection, and the Naval Institute Press, 1987.
 
More to Explore Online
 
 
 
John Paul Jones (Navy History and Heritage Command)
 
 
 
 

          Soca Fever - Lord Shorty (1978)        


Lord Shorty nous vient de Trinité et Tobago. C'est sur son album "Soca Explosion" de 1978 qu'il enregistre ce "Soca Fever".


          Hold I Say (12") - Calypso Rose (1979)        


La chanteuse Calypso Rose est originaire de Tobago. En 1979, elle enregistre et produit ce single "Hold I Say". Les arrangements sont de Pelham Goddard.  


           Restaurante-conceito do McDonald’s é inaugurado no Brasil        

A partir desta quinta-feira, 27 de julho, quem entrar no McDonald’s da Avenida Henrique Schaumann, um dos endereços mais movimentados de São Paulo, viverá uma experiência inédita. Com arquitetura e design inovadores, o icônico restaurante reabre para dar ainda mais protagonismo aos seus clientes.

Um novo formato de atendimento, que inclui a possibilidade de o consumidor fazer um pedido personalizado por meio de totens, e diversas funcionalidades prometem mais interatividade e comodidade para o público que visitar o restaurante.

“Diariamente buscamos maneiras de proporcionar experiências cada vez melhores aos nossos clientes. E o novo restaurante-conceito reúne diversos elementos que atendem aos anseios dos consumidores de hoje em dia, que buscam mais conveniência e inovação na hora da refeição”, afirma Paulo Camargo, presidente da Divisão Brasil da Arcos Dorados, operadora do McDonald’s na América Latina.

O McDonald’s da Henrique Schaumann é um dos restaurantes mais frequentados da capital paulista e ponto de encontro para diversos momentos do dia, desde o café da manhã, passando pelas principais refeições, até um reforço pós-balada, pois funciona 24 horas. “Nossa primeira flagship não poderia ser em outro endereço”, conta Camargo.

Experiência Inovadora
Os clientes terão a opção de fazer seus pedidos por meio de totens instalados no salão principal do restaurante, e ainda poderão customizar itens do cardápio. Quem preferir fazer o pedido da maneira tradicional, terá à sua disposição um menu board digital completamente renovado e atendimento mais personalizado, feito por funcionários vestidos com novos uniformes, cujos modelos foram eleitos por eles mesmos.

O presidente da rede no Brasil explica que os staffs de todo País estão sendo treinados para oferecer um atendimento menos padronizado e de acordo com o perfil de cada cliente. “Essa nova forma de interação, mais moderna e pessoal, estará ainda mais presente no restaurante-conceito”, conclui o executivo.
Um novo Espaço Kids foi projetado para oferecer mais entretenimento e diversão às famílias. Além disso, quem visitar o restaurante terá à disposição tablets com acesso à internet e jogos, e poderá interagir com a Magic Table (mesa interativa, com jogos acionados por sensores de movimento e projeção) e a Interactive Wall (parede que projetará imagens das pessoas em movimento e permitirá o uso de filtros por meio de realidade aumentada).
O Drive-Thru do restaurante também foi ampliado e terá duas pistas operando simultaneamente, levando assim mais praticidade e rapidez aos clientes que não têm tempo para entrar no restaurante.
Conheça essa nova experiência aqui.

Sobre a Arcos Dorados
A Arcos Dorados é a maior franquia McDonald’s do mundo, tanto em vendas totais do sistema como em número de restaurantes. A Companhia é a maior rede de serviço rápido de alimentação da América Latina e Caribe, com direitos exclusivos de possuir, operar e conceder franquias de restaurantes McDonald’s em 20 países e territórios, incluindo Argentina, Aruba, Brasil, Chile, Colômbia, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Equador, Guiana Francesa, Guadalupe, Martinica, México, Panamá, Peru, Porto Rico, St. Croix, St. Thomas, Trinidad & Tobago, Uruguai e Venezuela. A Companhia opera ou franqueia mais de 2.100 restaurantes McDonald’s com mais de 90.000 funcionários e é reconhecida como uma das melhores empresas para se trabalhar no América Latina. A Arcos Dorados está listada na Bolsa de Valores de Nova York (NYSE: ARCO). Para saber mais sobre a Companhia visite a seção de Investidores de nosso site: www.arcosdorados.com/ir.

          Elite Anonymouse Proxy List - April 15, 2014        
Proxy Address:Port:Protocol:Country

115.66.252.144:3128:HTTPS:Singapore
190.102.30.19:80:HTTP:Netherlands Antilles
190.213.15.141:6588:HTTPS:Trinidad and Tobago
196.0.39.237:443:HTTPS:Uganda
203.81.68.203:80:HTTP:Myanmar
212.49.70.48:10001:HTTPS:Kenya
41.188.61.246:80:HTTP:Madagascar
41.224.247.239:81:HTTP:Tunisia
61.91.89.29:8080:HTTPS:Thailand
77.94.48.5:80:HTTP:Turkmenistan
80.255.2.225:443:HTTPS:Germany
91.103.29.66:3128:HTTPS:Armenia
111.13.55.11:80:HTTP:China
173.245.220.140:11493:HTTPS:United States
202.108.251.214:8888:HTTPS:China
216.172.131.220:11493:HTTPS:United States
216.172.131.32:11493:HTTPS:United States
216.172.131.6:11493:HTTPS:United States
221.176.14.72:80:HTTP:China
61.91.89.29:80:HTTPS:Thailand
122.228.68.72:80:HTTP:China
173.245.220.231:11493:HTTPS:United States
190.52.120.39:9090:HTTPS:Peru
216.172.131.100:11493:HTTPS:United States
64.145.83.82:11493:HTTPS:United States
180.183.246.104:8080:HTTPS:Thailand
190.52.120.38:8080:HTTPS:Peru
190.52.120.39:8080:HTTPS:Peru
216.172.131.186:11493:HTTPS:United States
216.172.131.4:11493:HTTPS:United States

          Grenada Update [Thu, Aug 10 2017 07:58 EDT]        
Subject: - Very little to report. * By Chris Bolt * Date: Thu, 10 Aug 2017 07:57:45 -0400 Good morning, Thought I would share a photo I took at Sunset yesterday, from 'The Edge'. Most of the day was overcast, but it did leave us with sufficient high cloud to give a lovely sunset. Today has started off with plenty of sunshine and a pleasant easterly breeze. Cloud is just touching the tops of the mountains, a hazy horizon. I can't see any showers. The radar shows a few small possible showers between us and Tobago, so the potential for some rain later. We are still in the influence of the weak tropical wave, the axis of which is just passing through. The trailing edge of this wave is still to the East of Tobago and satellite images do show an area of cloud. If it persists then this could bring some rain over night and into tomorrow. Have a nice day and enjoy the rest of carnival. You have been sent 1 picture. IMG_5728.JPG These pictures were sent with Picasa, from Google. Try it out here: http://picasa.google.com/ . Attachment: IMG_5728.JPG Description: JPEG image __________________________________________________________________
          Trinidad and Tobago Update [Wed, Aug 9 2017 04:52 EDT]        
Subject: - Let's Control Ourselves in The Face of Danger - * By Ian Martin Borde * Date: Wed, 9 Aug 2017 04:52:08 -0400 People of Paradise, The following copy and paste from NHC is going to affect Trinidad today. This includes minor flooding. A tropical wave extends from 10N55W to 24N49W moving W at 10-15 kt. A 1012 mb low is centered along the wave axis near 16N53W providing focus for scattered moderate convection from 15N-21N between 47W-54W. In case you don't understand what has been said and is going on in weather and emergency circles.?. WE ARE GOING TO BE HIT ! (It's just when?) PREPARE YOURSELF !!!!!!!! Attachment: 2017-08-08th Tuesday's full moon from TYC Bayshore (courtesy Steve.jpg Description: JPEG image Attachment: 2017-08-09th Wednesday 0415am.jpg Description: JPEG image Attachment: 2017-08-08th tuesday.gif Description: GIF image __________________________________________________________________
          Boxing Clever - Olympic Champion Daniel Hayes        
My guest today, on the Join Up Dots free podcast interview is a man who is a top ranked boxing prospect and also Trinidad & Tobago’s boxing ambassador. He is also is a sought after model who has been photographed around the world since the age of 17. And when you see the photos ladies (and of course men too) that fact doesn’t come as a surprise What does come as a surprise though, is this guy, with a highly tuned competitive streak was so obviously looking for the non-obvious route that could fulfil his dreams. Growing up he was involved in a variety of sports. He loved soccer, basketball, football, baseball and swimming and at just 10 years old started playing basketball and continued playing throughout college. At 16 he was already a certified lifeguard and a highly recruited athlete in multiple sports. In his senior year of high school he was recruited to play basketball for several NCAA Division 1 and 2 schools. Now this is when one of the big twists occured in his life, or as we say he hit one of his big dots. College proved to be quite a defining time for him, he started as a Kinesiology major, but after just one single acting course, he found that he had discovered his love and passion for acting and switched his major to Theatre. It wasn’t long after this revelation that the acting gigs began pouring in. He landed his first commercial and this was quickly followed by a well-known television ad with Nike. Now he could have said “This is easy” and coasted a bit, but instead he set out to become the very best that he can be in this new found arena. He started defining his craft, by studying at The Second City and Groundlings, schools who boast of alumni including Jim Carrey, Will Ferrell, Seth Rogan and Steve Carell. He added to his training by studying at The Ivana Chubbuck Studio that has trained Hollywood’s elite such as Halle Berry, Brad Pitt, Terence Howard and more. He knew if he was going to be the best he had to surround himself with the best that Hollywood can offer. And now away from the acting he is training for the Olympics, and once again surrounds himself with the best by fighting out of the world famous Wild Card Boxing Club, home to superstar world champions. So what has these diverse uses of his time and talents taught him, as he drives forwards with his ambitions? And is better to become very very good at one thing, or be diverse as he has been up to this point? Well lets find out as we bring onto the show to start joining up dots with the one and only Mr Daniel Hayes. Show Highlights During the show we discussed such weighty topics with Daniel Hayes such as: How “The Revenant”is a truly boring film, no matter how many awards it gains across the film industry…..but why it has an amazing message for all entrepreneurs too! Why Mike Tyson would always get up at [4:00]am in the morning to go running, because all his competitors are asleep, and the reasons behind the decision to do this. Why being in the flow and present in the moment is the state that we must all aim for no matter what arena we put ourselves….it’s where the huge wins are found. And lastly…. Who he would choose to be in later years Mickey Rourke or Leo DiCaprio, and the reasons why he believes that both are masters of their art.
          Podcast 491: Daniel Hayes: Boxing Clever To Build Huge Career Success        
Steve Jobs created the format that our guest entrepreneurs follow on the Join Up Dots free podcast interview, and todays guest is a man who is a top ranked boxing prospect and also Trinidad & Tobago’s boxing ambassador. He is also is a sought after model who has been photographed around the world since the age of 17. And when you see the photos ladies (and of course men too) that fact doesn’t come as a surprise. He is building multiple careers, and has huge motivation to build a platform more than just a boxing career. What does come as a surprise though, is this guy, with a highly tuned competitive streak was so obviously looking for the non-obvious route that could fulfil his dreams.  Growing up he was involved in a variety of sports. He loved soccer, basketball, football, baseball and swimming and at just 10 years old started playing basketball and continued playing throughout college. At 16 he was already a certified lifeguard and a highly recruited athlete in multiple sports. In his senior year of high school he was recruited to play basketball for several NCAA Division 1 and 2 schools. Now this is when one of the big twists occured in his life, or as we say he hit one of his big dots. College proved to be quite a defining time for him, he started as a Kinesiology major, but after just one single acting course, he found that he had discovered his love and passion for acting and switched his major to Theatre. It wasn’t long after this revelation that the acting gigs began pouring in. He landed his first commercial and this was quickly followed by a well-known television ad with Nike. Now he could have said “This is easy” and coasted a bit, but instead he set out to become the very best that he can be in this new found arena. He started defining his craft, by studying at The Second City and Groundlings, schools who boast of alumni including Jim Carrey, Will Ferrell, Seth Rogan and Steve Carell. He added to his training by studying at The Ivana Chubbuck Studio that has trained Hollywood’s elite such as Halle Berry, Brad Pitt, Terence Howard and more. He knew if he was going to be the best he had to surround himself with the best that Hollywood can offer. And now away from the acting he is training for the Olympics, and once again surrounds himself with the best by fighting out of the world famous Wild Card Boxing Club, home to superstar world champions. So what has these diverse uses of his time and talents taught him, as he drives forwards with his ambitions? And is better to become very very good at one thing, or be diverse as he has been up to this point? Well lets find out as we bring onto the show to start joining up dots with the one and only boxing entrepreneur Mr Daniel Hayes.
          Beyond Boundaries        
February, 2003

ISBN (cloth): 

978-1-55849-318-6

Price (cloth) $: 

February, 2003

ISBN (paper): 

978-1-55849-391-9

Price (paper) $: 

25.95
Selwyn R. Cudjoe is professor of Africana studies at Wellesley College and author of Resistance and Caribbean Literature and V. S. Naipaul: A Materialist Reading, among other works.
Cudjoe, Selwyn R.
The Intellectual tradition of Trinidad and Tobago in the Nineteenth Century
The first survey of writings on nineteenth-century Trinidad and Tobago
[node-title]

When V. S. Naipaul received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2001, the award marked the culmination of a literary tradition that was almost two hundred years in the making. The island nation of Trinidad and Tobago has produced such important writers and thinkers as C. L. R. James, J. J. Thomas, Eric Williams, Oliver Cromwell Cox, Sylvester Williams, George Padmore, Earl Lovelace, Arnold Rampersad, and Merle Hodge.

Tue, 02/04/2003
"I recommend this book in the strongest possible terms. . . . Cudjoe provides the sociocultural and political background that explains the powerful intellectual activity in Trinidad and Tobago in the twentieth century."—Antonio Benítez-Rojo, Amherst College

"Beyond Boundaries is Selwyn Cudjoe's crowning achievement. Following the free spirit of C. L. R. James's great classic Beyond a Boundary, Cudjoe provides a rich and detailed history of the early aesthetic culture of Trinidad and Tobago. In bringing to life the complex social history of the islands, Cudjoe tells the moving story of a colonized society struggling against domination that discovered its own distinctive imaginative and intellectual style in a great creative impulse, and that has provided contemporary literature with some of the most memorable writings of creole cosmopolitanism."—Homi Bhabha, Anne F. Rothenberg, Professor of English and American Literature, Harvard University

Related Subjects: 

352

          adidas Originals "Island Series" Pack        

adidas Originals brings back another Island Series Collection, including new releases of the 80's iconic "Jamaica", "Trinidad & Tobago" and "Cancun".

Making a resurgence after its prime during the early ’80s, adidas Originals the "Island Series" take inspiration from the diverse cultures of their islands namesakes.

The adidas Originals "Jamaica" is now available at sivasdescalzo. "Cancun" will drop on August 29 and "Trinidad & Tobago" on October 30.


          adidas Originals "Island Series" Pack        

adidas Originals vuelve con una nueva colección "Island Series". que incluye los modelos icónicos de los 80, inspirados en las diversas culturas de sus islas. 

Esta temporada, las tres siluetas escogidas han sido "Jamaica", "Trinidad & Tobago" y "Cancun"

Ya puedes encontrar el modelo "Island Series" de Jamaica en nuestra tienda online. El lanzamiento de "Trinidad & Tobago" está previsto para el 29 de Agosto y el de "Cancun" para el 30 de Octubre.


          Comment on Message of His Excellency Anthony Thomas Aquinas Carmona O.R.T.T., S.C. President of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago on the Occasion of Emancipation Day 2017 by Message of His Excellency Anthony Thomas Aquinas Carmona O.R.T.T., S.C. President of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago on the Occasion of Emancipation Day 2017 – Caribbean Edition        
[…] Source: The St. Lucia Star Emancipation Day is a day to recall the triumphant resilience embedded in the human spirit of our forefathers in their quest and thirst for freedom, equality and justice. Slavery is a stain on the very fabric of our humanity. This is reflected in that seminal calypso, “I am a Slave”… Link: Message of His Excellency Anthony Thomas Aquinas Carmona O.R.T.T., S.C. President of the Republic of… […]
                  

          OpfinderrÃ¥dgivningen eksporteres        
Opfinderrådgivningen bliver eksporteret til Trinidad og Tobago.
          Show-CurrencyFormatting.ps1        
  1. <# 
  2. .SYNOPSIS 
  3.     This script re-implements an MSDN Sample showing the  
  4.     use of the NumberFormat class to nicely format things 
  5.     in this case, currency. 
  6. .DESCRIPTION 
  7.     This script iterates through the Windows cultures and 
  8.     displays those whose 2-letter ISO code is 'en' and  
  9.     displays how Windows formats currency in that culture.  
  10. .NOTES 
  11.     File Name  : Show-CurrencyFormatting.ps1 
  12.     Author     : Thomas Lee - tfl@psp.co.uk 
  13.     Requires   : PowerShell Version 2.0 
  14. .LINK 
  15.     This script posted to: 
  16.         http://www.pshscripts.blogspot.com 
  17.     MSDN sample posted to: 
  18.         http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.globalization.numberformatinfo.aspx 
  19. .EXAMPLE 
  20.     Psh > .\Show-CurrencyFormatting.ps1 
  21.     The currency symbol for 'English (United States)' is '$' 
  22.     The currency symbol for 'English (United Kingdom)' is '£' 
  23.     The currency symbol for 'English (Australia)' is '$' 
  24.     The currency symbol for 'English (Canada)' is '$' 
  25.     The currency symbol for 'English (New Zealand)' is '$' 
  26.     The currency symbol for 'English (Ireland)' is '€' 
  27.     The currency symbol for 'English (South Africa)' is 'R' 
  28.     The currency symbol for 'English (Jamaica)' is 'J$' 
  29.     The currency symbol for 'English (Caribbean)' is '$' 
  30.     The currency symbol for 'English (Belize)' is 'BZ$' 
  31.     The currency symbol for 'English (Trinidad and Tobago)' is 'TT$' 
  32.     The currency symbol for 'English (Zimbabwe)' is 'Z$' 
  33.     The currency symbol for 'English (Republic of the Philippines)' is 'Php' 
  34.     The currency symbol for 'English (Singapore)' is '$' 
  35.     The currency symbol for 'English (Malaysia)' is 'RM' 
  36.     The currency symbol for 'English (India)' is 'Rs.' 
  37.  
  38. #> 
  39.  
  40. #  Loop through all the specific cultures known to the CLR. 
  41. foreach ($ci in [System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::GetCultures([System.Globalization.CultureTypes]::SpecificCultures))  
  42.    { 
  43.      # Only show the currency symbols for cultures that speak English. 
  44.      if ($ci.TwoLetterISOLanguageName -eq "en") { 
  45.      # Display the culture name and currency symbol. 
  46.         $nfi = $ci.NumberFormat 
  47.         "The currency symbol for '{0}' is '{1}'" -f $ci.DisplayName, $nfi.CurrencySymbol 
  48.      } 
  49.    } 

          Embassy Suites Arcadia to be a Pre-Host Hotel for the Special Olympics World Games Los Angeles 2015 Athletes        

We are proud to be working with the City of Arcadia to be one of the pre-host hotels for the Special Olympics World Games Los Angeles 2015 athletes and coaches from Trinidad, Tobago and the Kyrgyz Republic.

(PRWeb July 08, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/special-olympics/arcadia-hotels/prweb12829862.htm


          RANKING FOOTBALL 2004-2007        
Ranking creado y actualizado por Christian Doebbel H., Santiago, Chile


LUGAR PAIS ZONA PUNTOS
1 Francia Europa 7.110,1
2 Argentina S America 6.916,7
3 Italia Europa 6.738,1
4 Brasil S America 6.666,7
5 Portugal Europa 5.220,2
6 Inglaterra Europa 4.482,1
7 Alemania Europa 3.244,0
8 Suiza Europa 2.872,0
9 España Europa 2.866,1
10 Holanda Europa 2.860,1
11 Suecia Europa 2.732,1
12 R. Checa Europa 2.720,2
13 Ucrania Europa 2.500,0
14 Grecia Europa 2.318,5
15 Paraguay S America 2.196,4
16 Ghana Africa 2.047,6
17 Ecuador S America 2.000,0
18 Mexico NC America 1.940,5
19 Tunez Africa 1.845,2
20 Corea Sur Asia 1.809,5
21 Costa Marfil Africa 1.785,7
22 Australia Oceania 1.750,0
23 Croacia Europa 1.744,0
24 EEUU NC America 1.666,7
25 Angola Africa 1.571,4
26 Polonia Europa 1.500,0
27 Japon Asia 1.476,2
28 Uruguay S America 1.392,9
29 Iran Asia 1.369,0
30 Trinidad Tobago NC America 1.285,7
31 Arabia S Asia 1.261,9
32 Costa Rica NC America 1.095,2
33 Togo Africa 1.000,0
33 Serbia Montenegro Europa 1.000,0
35 Colombia S America 851,2
36 Peru S America 541,7
37 Egipto Africa 523,8
38 Dinamarca Europa 488,1
39 Nigeria Africa 428,6
40 Venezuela S America 386,9
41 Marruecos Africa 357,1
42 Bolivia S America 309,5
42 Chile S America 309,5
44 Rusia Europa 244,0
45 Camerun Africa 238,1
45 Guinea Africa 238,1
45 Senegal Africa 238,1
48 Mali Africa 214,3
49 Panama NC America 166,7
50 Honduras NC America 154,8
          RANKING FOOTBALL - 2003 - 2006        
Ranking creado y actualizado por Christian Doebbel H.

LUGAR PAIS SECTOR PUNTOS
1 Francia Europa 7.315,2
2 Italia Europa 6.902,2
3 Portugal Europa 5.630,4
4 Argentina S America 5.612,3
5 Brasil S America 5.362,3
6 Inglaterra Europa 4.728,3
7 Alemania Europa 3.326,1
8 R. Checa Europa 3.130,4
9 Grecia Europa 3.097,8
10 Holanda Europa 3.065,2
11 España Europa 2.989,1
12 Suecia Europa 2.978,3
13 Suiza Europa 2.913,0
14 Ucrania Europa 2.500,0
15 Ghana Africa 2.029,0
16 Ecuador S America 2.000,0
17 Mexico NC America 1.916,7
18 Croacia Europa 1.826,1
19 Paraguay S America 1.808,0
20 Corea Sur Asia 1.768,1
21 Australia Oceania 1.750,0
22 Costa Marfil Africa 1.673,9
23 Tunez Africa 1.612,3
24 Angola Africa 1.543,5
25 Polonia Europa 1.500,0
26 EEUU NC America 1.431,2
27 Japon Asia 1.318,8
28 Iran Asia 1.286,2
29 Trinidad Tobago NC America 1.264,5
30 Arabia S Asia 1.253,6
31 Costa Rica NC America 1.079,7
32 Togo Africa 1.000,0
32 Serbia Montenegro Europa 1.000,0
34 Dinamarca Europa 652,2
35 Colombia S America 554,3
35 Uruguay S America 554,3
37 Rusia Europa 326,1
38 Egipto Africa 318,8
39 Nigeria Africa 260,9
40 Peru S America 246,4
41 Marruecos Africa 217,4
42 Letonia Europa 163,0
43 Camerun Africa 144,9
43 Guinea Africa 144,9
43 Senegal Africa 144,9
46 Mali Africa 130,4
47 Bolivia S America 123,2
48 Panama NC America 79,7
49 Honduras NC America 72,5
50 Chile S America 61,6
50 Venezuela S America 61,6
          idoodlesoftware inc. Announces the 2014 Cubes In Space™ MPAC Group Top Experiment Design Award        

Enterprising Students From Trinidad and Tobago Win the Inaugural Title.

(PRWeb June 12, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/06/prweb11938756.htm


          OSSSC Junior Clerk Previous Year Papers PDF Download Sample Papers        

OSSSC Junior Clerk Previous Year Papers

Odisha Sub Ordinate Staff Selection Commission had issued junior clerk exam advertisement to recruit eligible and talented
candidates for job in their department on nil position. Various aspirants have applied for available position. Applied aspirants should go via this page to download the OSSSC Junior Clerk Previous Year Papers which are very vital for examination preparation. By the aid of junior clerk Question Papers, eligible applicants will clutch an idea about examination. Therefore, appearing contenders should download the Model Papers & Sample Papers along with Solutions of OSSSC junior clerk. Eligible candidates may also visit official website of Odisha Sub Ordinate Staff Selection Commission that is www.osssc.gov.in to get more Solved Papers in PDF of junior clerk. 

Eligible applicants are required to do perfect preparation to obtain success in examination of junior clerk to be a part of the government sector as Odisha Sub Ordinate Staff Selection Commission, so we are advised to grab best study through few related books & syllabus with junior clerk exam pattern that is provided here. Dear contenders if you will use it for proper preparation, they may crack junior clerk examination very simply with more marks.

In below section of this web page we have OSSSC Junior Clerk Previous Year Papers PDF for you by which you can grab best knowledge regarding examination of junior clerk. So, you need to check given junior clerk previous year paper & then start their preparation according it in exact manner.

Short Details of www.osssc.gov.in Junior Clerk Previous Year Question Paper

Name of the Organization – Odisha Sub Ordinate Staff Selection Commission

Page Include Information about â€“ OSSSC Junior Clerk Previous Year Question Papers

Name Of the Exam â€“ Junior Clerk

Official Website â€“ www.osssc.gov.in

www.osssc.gov.in Junior Clerk Previous Year Papers Overview

SSSC Junior Clerk Previous Year question with solution

Question: 1 which of the following countries has decided to purchase 126 Rafale fighter aircrafts from France?
1)    Iraq
2)    China
3)    Bangladesh
4)    Afghanistan
5)    India
Answer: 5

Question: 2 which of the following diseases is considered as completely eradicated from
India, as no case of the same has been reported in last one year?
1)    Polio
2)    Tuberculosis
3)    Cancer
4)    Swine flu
5)    Asthma
Answer: 1

Question: 3 which of the following countries in India's neighbourhood is facing charges of Violation of human rights of Tamilians living there?
1)    Sri Lanka
2)    Myanmar
3)    Afghanistan
4)    Pakistan
5)    Nepal
Answer: 1

Question: 4 which of the following is NOT an important function of Reserve Bank of India?
1)    Management of Foreign Exchange Reserves
2)    Foreign Exchange related current and capital account management
3)    Devising Foreign Trade policy of India
4)    Debt and Cash Management for State Govts
5)    Regulation of Govt. Securities
Answer: 3

Question: 5. Ms. Kamla Persad Bissessar who was on a visit to India recently is the
1)    President of Trinidad & Tobago
2)    Prime Minister of Trinidad & Tobago
3)    President of Fiji
4)    Prime Minister of Fiji
5)    None of these
Answer: 2

Question: 6 3.3 + 13.33 + 31.13 + 13.31 + 1.3 = ?
1)    64.31
2)    62.37
3)    64.47
4)    62.17
5)    None of these
Answer: 2

Question: 7 (16)2 + (21)2 - (13)2 + ? = (25)2
1)    67
2)    32
3)    81
4)    97
5)    None of these
Answer: 4

Question: 8 47 + 345 ÷ 15 × 2 = ?
1)    68
2)    93
3)    59
4)    71
5)    None of these    
Answer: 2

Question: 9 73% of 5800 - 69% of 240 = ?
1)    4608.3
2)    4210.8
3)    4008.4
4)    4680.4
5)    None of these
Answer: 5

Question: 10. 3.2 × 2.1 × 1.6 = ?
1)    12.732
2)    10.752
3)    17.520
4)    15.270
5)    None of these
Answer: 2

Question: 11. 65 × 15 ÷ ? = 195
1)    5
2)    2
3)    1
4)    6
5)    None of these
Answer: 1

Question: 12. 204% of ? = 1848.24
1)    517
2)    784
3)    321
4)    906
5)    None of these
Answer: 4

Question: 13. A 'Call' in marketing jargon means
1)    a phone call
2)    browsing the net
3)    to call on a prospect
4)    a call centre
5)    a place of worship
Answer: 3

Question: 14. The task of marketing involves
1)    Opening new branches
2)    Buying a company
3)    Selling a company
4)    Selling products and services of a company
5)    Mergers
Answer: 4

Question: 15. Service Marketing is the same as
1)    Relationship marketing
2)    Transaction marketing
3)    Passive marketing
4)    Internal marketing
5)    Instant marketing
Answer: 1

Question: 16. 'Conversion' means
1)    To convert losses in to profits
2)    To convert profits into losses
3)    To change a product suitably to suit each customer
4)    To convert a prospect into a buyer
5)    Selling products and services of a company
Answer: 4

Question: 17. The type of marketing involved in banks is
1)    Transactions marketing
2)    Service marketing
3)    Commodity marketing
4)    Ruthless marketing
5)    Indifferent marketing
Answer: 2

Question: 18. Market space means
1)    Place where goods are sold
2)    Trade fairs and meals
3)    Road shows
4)    Scope avilable for selling
5)    Competition
Answer: 4

Question: 19. A 'lead' means
1)    A leash
2)    A leader
3)    An interested buyer
4)    ADSA
5)    A cold call
Answer: 3

Question: 20. ADSA's (Direct Selling Agent's) main job is
1)    To design products
2)    To sell to the target group
3)    To do market survey
4)    To distribute profits