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SOLO-International Op-Ed: Dollars for Despots

Philip Duck
January 20, 2010

Yet another hopeless talkfest kicks off today as officials from the morally bankrupt United Nations meet the wholly corrupt ministers and bureaucrats of 15 Asian and Pacific Island states tagged, ‘Least-developed countries.’ (LDCs)

This tragic collection of thugs, thieves, tyrants, murderers and masters of moral-equivalency are meeting to review the results of having other people’s money liberally sprinkled upon them for the last ten years. Next year this review is to be presented to a larger, more tragic collection of thugs, thieves and masters of moral-equivalency, as representatives of all of the world’s 49 ‘least-developed countries,’ meet with top UN officials for mutual back-patting and sessions where they demand more cash.

Indeed today the UN kicked off part of that process when Noleen Heyzer, the Executive Secretary of the Economic and Social Commission, emphasized ‘"…the need for financial assistance from donors…” Heyzer also identified “…the need for monitoring to ensure that the pledges reached their intended targets.”

There is—as the likes of Heyzer must surely know—precious little chance of much of that money reaching its intended recipients; all 15 LDCs are highly corrupt. In fact, Transparency International’s Corruption Index ranks one LDC, Burma, as the world’s 178th most corrupt country. Of other Asian and Pacific LDCs, Yemen takes 154th place out of the 180 countries surveyed, Bangladesh sits in 139th spot, the Solomon Islands is 111th, and even the best-of-the-bunch, Bhutan, can only manage 49th place.

Rather, those pledges of taxpayers' money will sit snugly in the bank accounts of despots or be used to build opulent second, third and fourth homes. Indeed, as I write this from my LDC Cambodian home, my near-neighbour, a bureaucrat from the Department of the Environment, who insists his fellow-Cambodians address him as ‘Your Excellency,’ is sitting in his lavish four-storey home surrounded by drivers, nannies, cooks, tutors, maids and security guards. And his kids will soon be chauffeured home in a vehicle donated by the European Union. Neighbours of ‘His Excellency’ despise him; they know his money comes straight from the coffers of one of the nation's most corrupt departments.

These pledges will be also be used to silence political opposition through intimidation, beatings and bribery. They’ll be used to shut down the press, imprison rivals and produce propaganda. The UN, however, will continue to turn a blind eye to such rogues and funnel shed-loads of money to these despicable people.

Cheick Sidi Diarra, the UN’s High Representative for Least Developing Countries claimed late last year that the review process will allow LDCs to “…forge a clear vision, based on universal values, moral and ethical imperatives and the requirements of fairness and equity…”

Diarra is right: a clear vision based on the universal values of this bunch of evil-doing bastards will emerge. It won’t be the vision that Diarra or the 800 million residents of the LDCs would have in mind though. Rather the kleptocrats, dictators, communists and tyrants will do what they have always done: plunder, cheat, intimidate and bash.

The UN, too, will do what they have always done: they’ll shovel cash at tyrants while looking the other way when faced with irrefutable proof of wrongdoings. And they will continue to browbeat others into giving even more to fund the whole damn thing.

Philip Duck: thonburi-1@hotmail.com

SOLO (Sense of Life Objectivists): SOLOPassion.com


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Sime Darby Plantation (SDP), the plantation and agri-business arm of the Sime Darby Group, is the world’s largest producer of certified sustainable palm oil (CSPO). It is also the co-founding member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO).

The company is fully integrated throughout the palm oil value chain with Upstream operations in Malaysia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Liberia, comprising mostly oil palm cultivation, harvesting and milling. Its downstream operations are present in 17 countries, comprising the manufacturing as well as sales and marketing of oils and fats products, oleochemicals, palm oil-based biodiesel and other derivatives.


Positions:

1. Executive, Commercialization


Close date : 09 September 2017


Click Job Description & Apply

          FIFA Confederation Ranking Comparison - July 2014        

Comparing FIFA Confederations using the average FIFA ranking of the top 5 teams from each region.


5.2 - EUROPE
1 - Germany
3 - Netherlands
5 - Belgium
8 - Spain
9 - Switzerland

6.2 - SOUTH AMERICA
2 - Argentina
4 - Colombia
6 - Uruguay
7 - Brazil
12 - Chile

24.4 - CONCACAF
15 - USA
16 - Costa Rica
18 - Mexico
33 - Panama
40 - Honduras

31.4 - AFRICA
24 - Algeria
25 - Cote d'Ivoire
34 - Nigeria
36 - Egypt
38 - Ghana

51.8 - ASIA
45 - Japan
49 - Iran
52 - Uzbekistan
56 - South Korea
57 - Jordan

154.0 - OCEANIA
101 - New Zealand
136 - New Caledonia
171 - Tahiti
175 - Solomon Islands
187 - Vanuatu

          FIFA Confederation Ranking Comparison - April 2014        
Comparing FIFA Confederations using the average FIFA ranking of the top 5 teams from each region.

Top 5 Avg. - Confederation (+/- February 2013)


4.6 - EUROPE (-0.4)
1 - Spain
2 - Germany
3 - Portugal
8 - Switzerland
9 - Italy

7.0 - SOUTH AMERICA (+0.6)
4 - Colombia
5 - Uruguay
6 - Argentina
6 - Brazil
14 - Chile

26.6 - CONCACAF (+1.6)
13 - USA
19 - Mexico
32 - Honduras
34 - Costa Rica
35 - Panama

30.0 - AFRICA (+0.2)
21 - Cote d'Ivoire
24 - Egypt
25 - Algeria
38 - Ghana
42 - Cape Verde Islands

50.4 - ASIA (+0.8)
37 - Iran
47 - Japan
53 - Uzbekistan
56 - South Korea
59 - Australia

151.4 - OCEANIA (-11.6)
111 - New Zealand
136 - New Caledonia
157 - Tahiti
172 - Solomon Islands
181 - Vanuatu


          Comment on Kitesurf destinations by month – part 1 by Brightmen        
July Cabarete, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Mauritius, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, Leucate-France, The gorge-USA, Pirlanta-Turkey, Bol-Croatia, Foddini-Italy, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Guincho-Portugal, el yaque-venezuela, rhodes-greece, levkada-greece, dakhla - morocco, Corsica, paros-Greece, porto pollo-Sardinia, Lanzarote, El Gouna-Egypt, Safaga-Egypt, Sinai, eilat-Israel, Paramali-Cyprus, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru August Cabarete, El Gouna-Egypt, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Brazil, Mauritius, cape verde, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, The gorge-USA, Bol-Croatia, Pirlanta-Turkey, Foddini-Italy, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Guincho-Portugal, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Corsica, Rhodes-Greece, Paramali-Cyprus paros-Greece, Lanzarote, Safaga-Egypt, Eilat-Israel, Sinai, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru September El Gouna-Egypt, Tucus-Brazil, Mauritius, Pirlanta-Turkey, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Maui-USA, Madagascar, UK, Corsica, rosslare-Ireland, Canada, Germany, Israel, Sinai, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil October Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Sumbawa-indonesia, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Chile, Watergate-UK, Esbjerg-Denmark, rosslare-Ireland, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil November Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Namibia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Auckland-NZ, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Cumbuco Brazil December Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, cape town-South Africa La ventana-mexico, Namibia, Copal-Costa Rica, Mui Ne Bay-Vietnam, Auckland-NZ, Nashiro-Japan, Baja, New Caledonia, Boracay-philipines, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Monastir-Tunisia, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Yemen-Red Sea
          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauAustralia(Oceania) is the smallest continent in the world and the sixth largest country in the world,comprising of 17 countries.Here is the list of 17 countries in Australia and their capitals.



 Australia
S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Australia
Canberra
2.
East Timor
Dili
3.
Fiji
Suva
4.
Indonesia
Jakarta
5.
Kiribati
South Tarawa
6.
The Marshall Islands
Majuro
7.
Micronesia
Palikir
8.
Nauru
Yaren
9.
New Zealand
Wellington
10.
Palau
Melekeok
11.
Papua New Guinea
Port Moresby
12.
Samoa
Apia
13.
The Solomon Islands
Honiara
14.
Tonga
Nuku'alofa
16.
Tuvalu
Funafuti
17.
Vanuatu
Port Vila

          10 Poorest Countries In The World | Ten Poorest Countries In list        

10. Ethiopia (GDP – per capita: $700)


Seen Better Days - Ethiopia
“The Sadomo region of the Ethiopia is known for producing the best coffee second to Harar….Make Trade Fair!” – mcandrea
Ethiopia ranks 170 out of 177 the poorest countries on the Human Development Index (UNDP HDI 2006). Half of its GDP depends on agricultural activity. The agricultural sector suffers lowdown because of poor cultivation techniques and frequent drought. 50% of its population 74.7 million bears the burden of poverty and 80% lives on bread line. 47% of males and 31% of females are literate. Some parts of Ethiopia run a high risk of hepatitis A, hepatitis E, typhoid fever, malaria, rabies, meningococcal meningitis and schistosomiasis.
Child Poverty

09. Niger (GDP – per capita: $700)

Niger with a population of 12.5 million is one of the ten poorest countries in the world. Drought is a common natural calamity in Niger. It often undergoes a phase of severe food crisis. 63% of its total population lives on below $1 a day. Adult literacy rate is as low as 15%. Life expectancy spans up to 46 years. A number of people die of hepatitis A, diarrhea, malaria, meningococcal meningitis and typhoid fever.
“Escaping from poverty”

08. Central African Republic (GDP – per capita: $700)

Rebel in northern Central African Republic
“Rebel in northern Central African Republic”
The Central African Republic ranks 171 as a poor country. Agriculture is the backbone of its unstable economy. Life expectancy of its meager population 4.3 ranges from 43.46 to 43.62 years. 13.5% of its population is at risk of AIDS.
Destruction in the north-west
“Boy in front of destroyed homes in Ngaoundaye, Central African Republic. Since early 2007, the troubled region has been caught up in fighting between APRD rebels and government troops.” – hdptcar

07. Guinea-Bissau (GDP – per capita: $600)

“Africa, Guinea-Bissau, Bijene, January 2005. Mbemba Djaló, 13 years young, earns some extra cash after school, running his little shop at the veranda of an abandoned colonial house. Photography by Ernst Schade” – ernst schade
The rank of Guinea Bissau as a poor country is 172. Farming and fishing are the only pillars of its economy. The level of income is not even in all parts of the country. About 10% of its adult population is at risk of HIV.

06. Union of the Comoros (GDP – per capita: $600)

Itsandra at sunset
Population growth and unemployment at a high rate are responsible for the poor economy of Union of the Comoros. Population density at a rate of 1000 per square km in agriculture zones may result in an environmental crisis. Agricultural contribution to its GDP is 40%. The low level of education has raised the level of labor force. Economy mainly depends on foreign grants.

05. Republic of Somalia (GDP – per capita: $600)

“Sixteen million people in eastern Africa are in need of emergency food aid and the threat of starvation is severe, according to FAO’s latest report on the Food Supply Situation and Crop Prospects in sub-Saharan Africa.” – ☠ ● qυєєη σƒ яσ¢к ● ☠
Agriculture is the base of the economy of Republic of Somalia in the Horn of Africa. Nomads and semi-nomads comprise a major part of the population. Rearing livestock is the primary source of livelihood for them. The small agricultural industry contributes 10% to its GDP.
Somalia
“Mogadishu. October 2004. View of Mogadishu north. Mogadishu is the place where effects of the conflict are more striking. There are arround 400.000 internally displaced persons. Access to health structures is quite impossible for the danger to circulate in the streets where combats are on-going and all type infrastructures have disapeared: water, sanitation, schools… The absence of state during more than 13 years has made impossible any investment in public structures. It is estimated that around 72% of Somalia’s population lacks access to basic healthcare services and the healthcare system is in ruins.” – abdisalla

04. The Solomon Islands (GDP – per capita: $600)

Solomon Islands Tsunami -- Minister whose church was washed away
“Solomon Islands Tsunami — Minister whose church was washed away”
The Solomon Islands is a country in Melanesia. Fishing holds its domestic economy. Above 75% of the labor class, is involved in fishing. Timber was the main product for export until 1998. Palm oil and copra are important cash crops for export. The Solomon Islands are rich in mineral resources like zinc, lead, gold and nickel.

03. Republic of Zimbabwe (GDP – per capita: $500)

Desperate
“The expression on these guys faces says a million things, weak from hunger and too poor to own shoes or have a shirt to wear. This is all because of the tyrant they call a president.
A beautiful country ruined because of one mans greed. ”
– Mr Sean
Republic of Zimbabwe is located between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers in the south of Africa. Its economy suffers a slowdown due to supply shortage, soaring inflation and foreign exchange shortage. Zimbabwe’s involvement in the Democratic Republic of the Congo left its economy fragile. The worst consequence of the knelt-down economy is unemployment that is as high as 80%.
“March, 5, 2008. The Zimbabwean currency tumbled to a record 25 million dollars for a single US dollar”

02. Republic of Liberia (GDP – per capita: $500)

Young boy looks through hole in garbage dump
“MONROVIA, LIBERIA – NOVEMBER 12, 2006 : Young Liberian boy standing on Randal street in Monrovia looks through a hole in a garbage filled car that has been turned on its side and salvaged fro spare parts. ( Photo by: Christopher Herwig )” – herwigphoto.com
Republic of Liberia on the west coast of Africa is one of the ten poorest economies across the globe. A decline in the export of commodities, the flight of many investors from the country, the unjust exploitation of the country’s diamond resource, looting and war profiteering during the civil war in 1990 brought the economy of the country to its knees. External debt of the country is more than its GDP.
Government child soldiers
“Liberia: Government child soldiers,Ganta; on the back of their truck is an anti-aircraft gun. © Teun Voeten, 2003.
Liberia’s decade-long civil war was fuelled by weapons imported in to the country in violation of a UN arms embargo. Shipments over three months in 2002 from a Serbian security company, for example, brought in enough bullets to kill the entire population of Liberia.”
– controlarms

01. Republic of the Congo (GDP – per capita: $300)

Street of Kinshasa
“This picture shows what Kinshasa is: full of contradictions. The beauty of the sunlight, nature, happy people contrasts with the filth on the streets, disorganisation, poverty… These two persons seem to stand there, in the middle of all that. Can they push the country forward… Are they part of a generation that will one day live in a modern Democratic Republic of Congo, freed of all suffering and pain?” – fredogaza
Republic of the Congo in Central Africa is the last at the bottom of the economic heaps. Depreciation of Franc Zone currencies, incredibly high levels of inflation in 1994, eruption of the civil war, and continuation of armed conflict and slumping oil price in 1998 broke down the economy of the country.
Former child soldiers
“A group of ‘kotelengana’, or former child soldiers, in DRC” – War Child UK
GDP – per capita (PPP) 2008 Country Ranks
SOURCE: CIA World Factbook 2008

          Oceania Cup Tickets on Sale        
Friday, 28 July 2017 (Melbourne, Victoria) – Tickets have now gone on sale for the 2017 Oceania Cup which will be held in Sydney from 11 – 15 October, with daily or 4-day season passes available. First held in 1999 the Oceania Cup is played every two years, and is the continental championships for the Oceania region.  The event, which will be hosted at the Sydney Olympic Park Hockey Centre, will be the next chance for the Vantage New Zealand Black Sticks men to qualify for the 2018 World Cup. The Kookaburras, Hockeyroos and Black Sticks women all qualified for the World Cup at the recent World League Semi-Finals. In order for the Black Sticks men to qualify for the 2018 World Cup they need to topple the world number two ranked Kookaburras and win the Oceania Cup. Along with Australia and New Zealand, Papa New Guinea will round out the teams competing for Oceania Cup glory and their shot at qualifying for the 2018 World Cup.    Each nation will play each other in the pool rounds before the top two ranked nations face off in the gold medal match for the glory of the Oceania Cup title. With the addition of the newly introduced Oceania InterContinental Hockey5s competition including teams from the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Tonga, Fiji and Samoa; the Oceania Cup will truly have something on offer for everyone to enjoy. Hockey Australia’s General Manager of Hockey, Ben Hartung commented: “On behalf of the Oceania Hockey Federation, we are delighted to be hosting the Oceania Cup in 2017 at the world class hockey centre at the Sydney Olympic Park.   “The rivalry between Australia and New Zealand is set to peak as the New Zealand men will be trying to utilise the Oceania Cup as qualification for the 2018 World Cup. The Hockeyroos and Kookaburras have already secured their spots at the 2018 World Cup however pride will be on the line and they will be keen to be crowned the continental champions.” Supported by Destination NSW, the Oceania Cup will bring hundreds of competitors, spectators and hockey enthusiasts together to celebrate Oceania hockey. Without the support of Destination NSW, this important event in the hockey calendar would not be possible. To ensure you don’t miss out on this exciting event, head to www.hockey.org.au/oceaniacup to secure your tickets!  Current World Rankings Men: Australia #2 New Zealand #8 Papa New Guinea #61 Women: Australia #5 New Zealand #6 Papa New Guinea #50 2017 Oceania Cup Match Schedule: Pool Phase: Play each team once Final Phase: 1st v 2nd in Gold Medal Match. No match for 3rd ranked team. Wednesday, October 11 Women's PNG v NZ 6:00pm Men's AUS v PNG 8:00pm Thursday, October 12 Women's AUS v PNG 6:00pm Men's NZ v AUS 8:00pm Friday, October 13 REST DAY Saturday, October 14 Men's PNG v NZ 3:00pm Women's NZ v AUS 5:00pm Sunday, October 15 Women's gold medal match 1st v 2nd 3:00pm Men's gold medal match 1st v 2nd 5:30pm
          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Discussion of AAVE "Savage Minds"        
On May 20th, 2008, Kerim wrote about AAVE on the anthro group blog "Savage Minds."

African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) is something I teach frequently in anthropology classes, both Intro to Cultural Anthro and Anthropology of Communication. It’s a useful ethnographic example as I’ve been teaching in urban colleges and universities, particularly in an arts and media school and a predominantly Black university. Looking at the history and the sociolinguistics of AAVE is a great way to talk about issues of the broader system in which agency takes place.
An initial post-er disputed the idea that “because AAVE exists, it means that there are people who don’t want to [conform] to white culture.” In fact, my observations are that in fact there are people who don’t want to conform to White culture and their use of AAVE can be a very conscious statement of that. That’s not a rejection of economic advancement, it’s a rejection of the terms of economic advancement, which have historically been closed to much of this population. What we, as anthropologists, can do is look at what AAVE does in a range of social relationships.
One point of debate was whether people can choose their dialects. I hold that most cannot. They learn their natal dialect; that is the process of language socialization, and this becomes a child’s first language. For many (by no means all!) urban, working-class African-American children, AAVE is their natal language. They choose this as much as any person chooses their culture. However, people might choose to code switch when that’s socially possible. We need to look at who code switches or not, why, when (in what setting, with whom).
For instance, many of my Black students and friends are very emphatically opposed to AAVE, which they term Ebonics or, more often, ‘slang.’ And yet in their most vigorous defenses of Standard English, you can hear them segue into the phonetics of AAVE, for instance, /aks/ for /ask/. They don’t intend to do this, they don’t want to do this. Upwardly-mobile people might hyper-correct (over-pronounce the /sk/, for instance).
To understand this, I think we need to look at the separate parts of language, some of which are very conscious and some of which are so deeply embedded into our cognition and language that it’s nearly unconscious. Phonetics tends to be deeply embedded; studies of language socialization show that infants can recognize the sounds of their parents’ native language (the one spoken to the infant) within a days of their birth. The human mouth is capable of making 100s of sounds, but most languages use only a small number of those possible sounds (see, for instance, the chapter on language in Nanda & Warms, Cultural Anthropology).
Grammar is also deeply embedded in our cognition, part of the taken-for-granted. An example I give for this is Pijin languages. In the Solomon Islands, I learned Kwaio (an Austronesian language) by first learning Pijin and then gradually slotting in Kwaio words in my Pijin talk (until I morphed into speaking Kwaio exclusively). Pijin was a trade language. The vocabulary was at least nominally English (specifically, British English of the early 20th century), but pronunciation (phonetics) and grammar (syntax) more closely followed the rules of the Austronesian languages spoken in the Solomon Islands, particularly on the island of Malaita. They fit the new vocabulary into their existing language structures, and I made use of that syntactical structure of Pijin to learn Kwaio (a reverse engineering, I suppose).
Vocabulary is much more transient. We all pick up new words all the time, when there is occasion for it (for instance, in a 101 class in university, a big part of what students are doing is learning new vocabulary). Yet, for some reason, both African –Americans and ethnically White people associate AAVE with ‘slang,’ or vocabulary.
These are some of the ‘laws of language’ that create and maintain AAVE.
The political issue is why Black folks still speak AAVE. AAVE is also maintained by the existence of ethnic enclaves. Clearly this is due in large part to historical and present-day segregation. On the level of interpersonal relations, there are social costs to a Black person who chooses to speak Standard English. They are labeled “mama’s girl” or “acting White” and seen as rejecting their social peers. A great example of this can be seen in the film “American Tongues” (produced and directed by Louis Alvarez and Andrew Kolker, 1988). This is sociolinguistics. Speaking AAVE conveys information about social relationships among people, it makes someone a member of a group. When you know that you are in a world that rejects you, the security of being an accepted member of your group is significant.
Of course “we don’t make choices outside of history and outside of ideology,” as one post-er put it, but we are active agents within our own system. African-Americans who speak AAVE are no more automatons in the face of structure and system than we are on this list and there is evidence of their intentions. I have attended Trinity Universal Church of Christ; many of my students are members of the congregation and employees of Trinity; and I have in-laws who are African Nationalists. They absolutely reject the hegemony of White culture. That does not mean that they reject economic advancement. They seek, rather, to build the economic base of their own community. I think this is inherently impossible as the economic wealth of their community must ultimately be built on inflows from the mainstream culture, but that is their ideology. And there are unintended consequences to these choices due to institutionalized racism in American culture, for instance, the assumption that someone speaking AAVE is uneducated, lazy, unemployed, working class, criminal, dangerous, “not one of us.”
There is evidence of people choosing to speak Standard English as a political (or class) stance; note the forceful acceptance of the correctness of Standard English by the upper classes of African-Americans (the “talented tenth,” W.E.B. DuBois). Reject of AAVE is a class strategy for upward-mobility.
When I teach, I also place this discussion in the context of the English Only movement in the United States, and here we return to Kerim’s initial post. Think of the huge outcry against “Ebonics” in the 1980s. Why did people care so much and why is it still talked about today? The Ebonics Resolution arose out of work linguists had done on how the teach the reading and writing of Standard English to students who had grown up using AAVE almost exclusively. It was called the Bridge Program and it was very successful. The goal was to educate teachers on the specific phonetic and syntactical features of AAVE so that (1) they would recognize these as linguistic differences and not as evidence of learning disabilities; and (2) to give teachers specific exercises and tools to clearly explicate the differences between AAVE and SE that children needed to learn so as to read and write Standard English. As John Rickford, a linguist specializing in dialects, pointed out, we’ve been using ‘immersion’ for years and it is not working. Huge numbers of young African-American, predominantly male students (young, urban, African-American males are the predominant speakers of ‘pure’ AAVE) are failing. Immersion isn’t working, so why not try something else? This program was also supported by William Labov (a linguist specializing in American dialects). We need to understand this controversy in terms of the ways in which speaking SE is a marker of membership of the community of American citizens, so that speaking a different dialect of English is seen as a rejection of the rights of citizenship.
Most discussion of “Black English” is in the negative – let’s explain how they’re different. But a good anthropologist needs to understand the context of positive cultural values of AAVE. Aside from expressing affection and belonging in social relationships, it is a language that gives free form to certain kinds of metaphor and story-telling. In teaching, I use studies of “The Signifying Monkey” and “Shine on the Titanic” to illustrate traditions of story-telling that extended up through Dolomite (a comedian who is sometimes referred to as “the godfather of rap”) and on to hip-hop. I usually also discuss “signifying” or “playing the dozens,” linguistic forms of competitive insult that are highly positively marked in segments of the African-American community (particularly men, particularly working class men, but by no means confined to this segment).
BTW, Labov and Rickford argue that in fact there’s a national AAVE that show remarkable coherence over time and region; and that the numbers of AAVE speakers have increased with the end of segregation as more urban poor are left behind in the cities.
I’ve lots of references, but here’s a few:
Rickford and Rickford, Spoken Soul: The Story of Black English, 2000
Labov, William, “Can Reading Failure be Reversed: A Linguistic Approach to the Question,” in Literacy Among African-American Youth, 1995
See also William Labov’s 1997 Testimony to Congress on Ebonics and the Bridge Program
One of the points brought up by a European post-er was this assumption that my statement of diversity and difference was an inherent statement of hierarchy. He didn’t say it in so many words, but that’s what he kept on assuming. Why?
I know that American have a hard time with difference. We say everyone has a right to be different and my students most emphatically believe that they are each unique. In fact, it’s important to reinforce, repeatedly, that recognizing real cultural patterns of difference is not the same as stereotyping. (Why it’s not is a different blog.)
          Businesses look to cash in on royal visit to Singapore        




A lone aeroplane engine stands centre stage covered in plastic and waiting to be unwrapped.

Workers around it are setting up a podium and re-painting the stage wall just the right shade of blue, in readiness for a royal visit.

This is the $562m (£350m) Rolls-Royce aeronautical production facility which opened earlier this year in Singapore, and the engine, a Trent 900 Aero, is destined for an Airbus A380 plane.

On Wednesday, its plastic covers will be unwrapped as the engine is unveiled by Prince William, who is in town with his wife Catherine on a tour of Singapore, Malaysia and the Solomon Islands.

Jonathan Asherson, the head of Rolls-Royce's South East Asian operations, says their visit will bring a number of benefits.

"The tangible benefits to the visit will include things like the buzz that the employees will feel, and the partnership between Singapore and the UK," he tells the BBC.

"The Duke and Duchess will be launching the first production engine and the first production fan blades from this facility.

"Intangible benefits are things like the coverage we get, those benefits are going to be for our own internal buzz, but we're hoping our customers will notice this as well," he adds. Flower power

The Duke and Duchess are touring the region to celebrate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee.

According to the British High Commission in Singapore, the visit to the city was included in their trip as it's seen as an important trading partner of the United Kingdom.

They will be meeting key Singapore and British business leaders during their trip.

Some $40bn is invested in Singapore by UK businesses while the UK attracts two-thirds of Singapore's foreign direct investment into Europe.

One of the first stops on their tour saw them visiting the nation's Orchid Gardens on Tuesday where they had an orchid named after them.

The gardens, set within the larger botanical gardens, charge for entry and are 70% self-funded.

They have been naming hybrid orchids, created by their horticulturists, after famous people since 1957.

According to Nigel Taylor the director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens, there is almost always an uptick in visitors after an orchid is named after a well known person.

"There's clearly a marketing effect that benefits Singapore and the gardens," he says.

"There's also a more immediate local effect, for some of the locals who haven't visited the orchid gardens for a while, they may be reminded that it exists and that it's an opportunity they shouldn't miss out on.

"When someone like the Duke and Duchess come to visit, which is something that happens very rarely... the quid pro quo is definitely the publicity we get." Brand effect

The British monarchy is a very valuable brand.

One study published before the Queen's jubilee celebrations in June, found that this value amounted to $70bn.

But more than half of that is intangible. Rather than creating value by producing goods, the monarchy's brand value lies in association.

Samir Dixit from Brand Finance who carried out the research, says the British monarchy is the world's second most valuable brand after Apple, with Apple valued just slightly higher at $70.6bn.

The firm has measured the value of the Royal Family in part by looking at companies who have been issued Royal warrants and coats of arms.

Royal warrants have been issued for centuries for goods or services that are supplied to the sovereign or to a member of the royal family.

These, according to Brand Finance, have made those brands associated to the Royal Family more successful. Local interest

And it is this brand value that some local firms are keen to cash in on.

Art Trove, a Singapore art gallery is celebrating the Queen's jubilee by selling lithographs of watercolour paintings by Prince Charles and other art pieces as well as photographs of the Royal Family.

These include pictures of Prince William as a child with his late mother, Princess Diana.

Also on offer is a $200,000 diamond encrusted gold medallion made by the East India Company for the Queen's jubilee. The gallery says it has already sold its other silver version worth $40,000 to an Asian collector.

The entire collection for sale is worth nearly one million dollars.

Sharon Tay, a consultant at the gallery, thinks that interest in the exhibition, which has been running since last month, will pick up with the Duke and Duchess' visit to Singapore.

The St. Regis in Singapore, part of the US Starwood chain of hotels, is also hoping the visit will help push sales for their themed dinners and activities.

The hotel has planned a month long tribute to British culture and the arts which includes hiring a Michelin starred Welsh chef to cook $200 per head meals and a tie up with the Royal Academy of Arts with an exhibiiton by British artist Paul Huxley.

Cheryl Ong, the hotel's director of sales and marketing, says that even though the events were not planned to coincide with the Royal trip, it was "very serendipitous timing".

"We have seen keen interest from our guests and members of the public, with reservations coming in steadily for the British Arts Celebration culinary showcases," she adds.

For local and multinational companies alike, the consensus is that even though they might not see an immediate pick-up in business during the short visit of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, the effects of it will be evident in higher sales after they leave.

Then it won't just be the monarchy having a diamond year.

          Ocean MixSurprise Spotted Moray Eel Solomon Islands 5        
Ocean MixSurprise Spotted Moray Eel Solomon Islands 5
          GBIF abre convocatoria BID a propuestas del Caribe y el Pacífico        

GBIF invita a la presentación de propuestas de financiamiento del Caribe y el Pacífico bajo el programa de Información de Biodiversidad para el Desarrollo (BID). El financiamiento total potencialmente asignado a estas dos convocatorias es de €1.000.000, o €500.000 para cada región.

Lea las convocatorias completas para:

La primera fase del financiamiento de proyectos a través del BID proveyó cerca de €1 millón a 23 proyectos en el África sub-sahariana. Los beneficiarios incluyen 34 organizaciones de 20 países africanos, cuyos proyectos fueron merecedores de selección por un jurado internacional a partir de un grupo inicial de 143 propuestas.

Las nuevas convocatorias para el Caribe y el Pacífico buscan proyectos que:

  • Movilizarán datos de biodiversidad relacionados con áreas protegidas, especies amenazadas y especies invasoras
  • Usarán y extenderán mejores prácticas para digitalizar colecciones de historia natural y movilizar otros datos de biodiversidad
  • Aplicarán datos de biodiversidad en apoyo a la toma de decisiones e investigación
  • Desarrollarán redes nacionales, regionales o temáticas duraderas para apoyar el compartir y reutilizar datos

Tipos de financiamiento

GBIF invita propuestas en tres categorías generales de financiamiento.

  1. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad regionales que establecen o fortalecen colaboraciones internacionales para incrementar la disponibilidad y utilización de datos de biodiversidad. NOTA: Un consorcio regional debe involucrar socios de al menos tres diferentes países o territorios de ultramar de la región. El coordinador del consorcio y al menos uno de los otros socios debe estar localizados en un país de la region (ver la lista de países elegibles en el Caribe y el Pacífico). Cada socio puede recibir hasta €20.000 y el coordinador del consorcio puede recibir un máximo de €30.000.
  2. Financiamiento para movilización de datos de biodiversidad nacionales que establecen o fortalecen instalaciones de información en biodiversidad nacional e incrementar los datos de biodiversidad disponibles acerca del país para responder a prioridades nacionales. Hasta €60.000 serán puestos a disposición por financiamiento nacional.
  3. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad pequeños que movilizan datos de biodiversidad relevantes para prioridades de conservación de biodiversidad con un máximo de €5.000.

Proceso de solicitud y cronograma

Dos jurados de expertos internacionales con experiencia en las regiones respectivas, evaluará las solicitudes a través de un proceso competitivo de dos etapas.

  • Notas conceptuales iniciales, usando las plantillas provistas, debe ser entregada antes del 10 de Noviembre del 2016.
  • Basado en las recomendaciones de los jurados, GBIF invitará un grupo seleccionado de solicitantes a preparar propuestas completas, para entregar a principios de Febrero del 2017.
  • Luego de una revisión y selección final a cargo de los jurados, GBIF anunciará los proyectos a financiar en Mayo del 2017.

Las plantillas de la nota conceptual y las directrices que le acompañan están disponibles para cada uno de los tres tipos de beca en el sitio de los solicitantes al BID.

Aquellos interesados en recibir actualizaciones sobre el programa BID pueden inscribirse para recibir alertas de correo electrónico. Preguntas y solicitudes generales pueden ser enviadas a BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Este programa está financiado por la Unión Europea.

 


Nuestro agradecimiento a William Ulate, Biodiversity Heritage Library / TDWG / Missouri Botanical Garden, y Anabela Plos, GBIF Argentina, por su ayuda con la traducción al español.

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Isla de manglares

Isla de manglares, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF ouvre deux appels à projets BID pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique        

GBIF invite dès maintenant à soumettre des projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique en vue d’obtenir un financement dans le cadre du programme BID (l'Information sur la Biodiversité pour le Développement). Le montant total potentiel de ces deux appels à projets est 1.000.000 €, soit 500.000 par région.

Voyez ici les appels à projets détaillés:

La première phase du projet BID a permis de financer pour près d’un million d’euros 23 projets en Afrique subsaharienne. Les bénéficiaires sont 34 organisations issues de 20 pays africains dont les projets ont été sélectionnés par un jury international parmi 143 propositions initiales.

Ce nouvel appel à projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique cible des projets visant à :

  • Mobiliser des données sur la biodiversité concernant les zones protégées, les espèces menacées et les espèces exotiques envahissantes.
  • Utiliser et étendre les bonnes pratiques pour la numérisation des collections d’histoire naturelles et la mobilisation d’autres types de données.
  • Utiliser les données de biodiversité pour la prise de décision et la recherche.
  • Développer des réseaux nationaux, régionaux et thématiques durables de façon à soutenir les activités futures de partage et de réutilisation des données.

Catégories de subventions

GBIF lance un appel à projets pour trois grandes catégories de subventions:

  1. Subventions régionales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant des collaborations internationales visant à augmenter la disponibilité et l’usage des données sur la biodiversité. A NOTER : un consortium régional doit impliquer des partenaires issus d'au minimum 3 pays / territoires d’outre-mer de la région. Le coordinateur du consortium et au moins un autre partenaire doivent être situés dans un pays ACP (voir la liste des pays éligibles dans les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique). Chaque partenaire pourra recevoir jusqu’à 20.000 €, et le coordinateur du consortium pourra recevoir jusqu’à 30.000€.
  2. Subventions nationales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant un point nodal GBIF national et visant à augmenter la quantité de données disponibles sur le pays de façon à répondre aux priorités nationales. Jusqu’à 60.000 € pourront être alloués par subvention nationale.
  3. Petites subventions pour la mobilisation de données mobilisant des données de biodiversité adaptées aux priorités en matière de conservation, pour un financement maximal de 5000 €.

Procédure et délai

Deux jurys composés d’experts internationaux ayant de l’expérience dans la région évalueront les propositions selon une procédure en deux temps :

  • Une note conceptuelle initiale utilisant le formulaire fourni devra être soumise au plus tard le 10 novembre 2016.
  • Suivant les recommandations du jury, le GBIF invitera un groupe candidats sélectionnés à préparer une proposition détaillée pour début février 2017.
  • Après une évaluation finale et une sélection par les jurys, les projets financés démarreront en avril 2017.

Le formulaire pour la note conceptuelle et les recommandations associées sont disponibles sur le site BID pour chacune des trois catégories de subventions.

Si vous souhaitez recevoir les nouvelles informations sur le programme BID, vous pouvez vous inscrire aux alertes par courriel. Les questions et demandes d’ordre général peuvent être transmises à BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Ce programme est financé par l'Union européenne.

 


Nos remerciements à Nicolas Noé, Belgian Biodiversity Platform pour le soutien de la traduction.

 

 

Images 

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific        

GBIF invites the submission of proposals for funding from the Caribbean and the Pacific through the EU-funded Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme. The total potential funding assigned to these two calls is €1,000,000, or €500,000 for each region.

Read the complete calls for:

The first phase of project funding through BID provided nearly €1 million to 23 projects in sub-Saharan Africa. The recipients include 34 organizations from 20 African countries, whose projects earned selection by an international panel from an initial pool of 143 initial proposals.

The new calls for the Caribbean and the Pacific seek projects that will:

  • Mobilize biodiversity data relating to protected areas, threatened species, and invasive alien species
  • Use and extend best practices for digitizing natural history collections and mobilizing other biodiversity data
  • Apply biodiversity data in support of decision-making and research
  • Develop lasting national, regional or thematic networks to support ongoing data sharing and reuse

Types of grants

GBIF invites proposals in three broad categories of grants.

  1. Regional biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen international collaborations to increase the availability and use of biodiversity data. NOTE: A regional consortium must involve partners from a minimum of three different countries or overseas territories from the region. The consortium coordinator and at least one other partner must be located in an ACP country (see the list of eligible countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific). Each partner can receive up to €20,000 and the consortium coordinator may receive a maximum grant of €30,000.
  2. National biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen national biodiversity information facilities and to increase the biodiversity data available about the country to respond to national priorities. Up to €60,000 will be made available per national grant.
  3. Small biodiversity data mobilization grants that mobilize biodiversity data relevant for biodiversity conservation priorities with a maximum funding of €5,000.

Application process and timeline

Two panels of international experts with experience in the respective regions will evaluate applications through a competitive two-stage process.

  • Initial concept notes, using the templates provided for the Caribbean and the Pacific, must be submitted by 10 November 2016.
  • Based on the panels’ recommendations, GBIF will invite a select group of applicants to prepare full proposals, due in early February 2017.
  • Following a final review and selection by the panels, funded projects will start in April 2017.

The concept note template and accompanying guidelines are available for each of the three grant types on the BID grantseekers’ site.

Those interested in receiving updates on the BID programme can sign up for email alerts. General questions and inquiries may be sent to BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

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Mangrove island

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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          Guatemala Quetzal(GTQ)/Solomon Islands Dollar(SBD)        
1 Guatemala Quetzal = 1.07339 Solomon Islands Dollar
          Mrs. Disney Leith: bibliography        
Another annotated bibliography with an Isle of Wight connection: Mrs. Disney Leith is one of the several names in the literature for the Scottish author Mary Charlotte Julia Leith (née Gordon, 1840-1926) a.k.a. Mary Gordon a.k.a. "M. C. J. L." a.k.a. Mary Leith. Her chief route into history is as the first cousin of the poet Swinburne, who she corresponded with, and later recalled in memoirs.

Mrs Disney Leith
CJ Arnell's Poets of the Wight (1933)
See Poets of the Wight (7 February 2013)

A brief biography from the Times obituary:
MRS. DISNEY LEITH
A LINK WITH SWINBURNE
Mrs. Disney Leith, who died yesterday at her residence at Niton, Isle of Wight, from pneumonia, at the age of 85, was a cousin and friend with Swinburne, who was only three years older. She published, in 1917, some personal recollections of the poet’s boyhood, with extracts from his private letters, which are of real biographical interest and value. More than 60 years ago he had contributed a morality play to one of her books.
      Mrs. Leith was Mary Charlotte Julia Gordon, only daughter of the late Sir Henry Percy Gordon, F.R.S., second and last baronet of Northcourt, Isle of Wight. Her mother was Lady Mary, youngest daughter of the third Earl of Ashburton, and sister of Lady Jane, who was the mother of Algernon Charles Swinburne. She as married in 1865 to General Robert William Disney Leith, C.B., of Glenkindle and Westhall, Aberdeenshire. This gallant officer served in the Persian Gulf in 1838 to 1841, and led the forlorn hope at Mooltan in 1849, when the fortress fell to British attack. He lost an arm in that action, but saw further active service in the suppression of the Indian Mutiny. He died in 1892.
      For many years Mr. Leith had been known as a writer. To her story called “The Children of the Chapel,” that is, the choirboys of the Chapel Royal, published in March, 1864, Swinburne contributed a morality play, entitled “The Pursuit of Pleasure,” but without including his name as author. She wrote other stories, including “A Black Martinmas,” “Champion Sandy,” and “Lachlan’s Widow,” but probably her best was “Auld Fernie’s Son,” in which she made effective use of the racy Scots tongue. She was fond of visiting Iceland, and translated much modern Icelandic poetry and prose, also writing books descriptive of the wild coast scenery of the island and the lives of the fisher folk. When she was 70 years old, she bathed in the Arctic Sea from the shore of Iceland. Mrs Leith illustrated many of her books with her own drawings, and she was also an accomplished musician.
- Obituaries, Mrs. Disney Leith, The Times (London, England), Saturday, Feb 20, 1926; page 14.
An Isle of Wight County Press account adds:
Mrs. Disney Leitch, when she was over 60 years of age, rode 300 miles across Iceland on a pony, and the Vectensians now stationed there will be able to judge what a feat of endurance that was for a lady of her age. She also bathed in the Arctic Sea from Iceland when over 70. Mrs. Disney Leith was in Iceland when the last war broke out, and the vessel on which she returned was escorted by destroyers.
- IWCP, Saturday, July 12, 19417, page 3, (reproduced as fair usage, Isle of Wight County Press Archive archive.iwcp.co.uk).
Mrs Disney Leith's works divide more or less into a) a creditable body of Icelandic translation and very readable Iceland travel writing; b) independent works including poetry and novels, many with ecclesiastical or Scottish settings; and c) in late life, dining out on what appears to be a bowdlerised version of her relationship with Swinburne before she married General Leith. (Bowdlerised in the sense that many respectable accounts have suggested that she encouraged Swinburne's sadomasochistic interests via their enciphered correspondence, and noted that her earlier novels repeatedly feature flagellation). Even without this sensational aspect, it seems unfortunate that her other work - notably her Icelandic travel and translation - has been overshadowed by her relatively small output of Swinburne hagiography.

Ad for the AD Innes editions
The Episcopal Church in Scotland
Year Book for 1899
I compiled my list from various sources including Internet Archive, Hathitrust, OCLC WorldCat, British Library, British Books in Print, and Halkett's Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous English Literature; and verified it primarily against this paper ...
POWNEY, Janet; MITCHELL, Jeremy. A Forgotten Voice: Moral Guidance in the Novels of Mary Gordon (Mrs. Disney Leith), with a Bibliography. The Victorian, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 1, mar. 2014. ISSN 2309-091X. Available at: <http://journals.sfu.ca/vict/index.php/vict/article/view/82>. Date accessed: 26 May. 2015. 
... which is currently the best single annotated bibliography for Mrs Disney Leith (and it's online under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License). However, I thought the exercise worth re-doing for the addition of online sources (where they exist); the inclusion of a spot more colourful detail from contemporary blurbs and reviews; and the general freedom for digression and crossover that a blog allows compared to an academic paper.



BIBLIOGRAPHY: MRS. DISNEY LEITH

Mark Dennis; Or, The Engine-driver. A Tale of the Railway (London: Rivingtons, 1859)
Novel. Identified by credit: "To A.S. the following tale is inscribed by her affectionate cousin, M.C.J.G."
There's a deliciously hostile review in The Literary Gazette.
“Mark Dennis” appears to be an early—if not actually the first—publication of a lady, who is introduced to the reading world by the advice and under the sanction of a clergyman. The story is, therefore, as may be concluded, unexceptionable in taste, and of a style of morality which will render it acceptable to all teachers and trainers of the young. Beyond this the design and enterprise of the writer do not aspire; though here and there we trace, or fancy we trace, symptoms of deeper feeling and observation than have ventured to make themselves manifest in these retiring pages. Should the authoress again resolve to appear in print, we would suggest to her to throw more light and shade into her pictures, to break the placid flow of narrative with more incident, and rather to paint her engine-drivers and the ir wives from the life, than to present tame ideals of good men and women. Such conversations, also, as that at page 142 should be avoided, consisting mainly of "How d'ye do's?" and "Very well, thank you's;" "What's become of Nep?" "Ah! poorfellow! hedied." "Really? Poor dog! What did he die of?" "I think it must have been of old age." The reader, athirst for excitement, of course begins to think that the dog has been maliciously poisoned by an immoral character for some occult purpose. Not a bit of it. That is the truth and the whole truth—at p.20 the dog is found lying across the threshold, basking in the rays of the evening sun, and at p.142 his fate is recorded as above. That is all. Now, is this incident worth writing, composing, correcting, printing, with notes of interrogation and admiration, and publishing by Messrs. Rivington? Indeed, were this particular page a fair or ordinary specimen of the whole book, we might have doubted the discretion of the clerical friend who suggested the publication. But there is really much more. The death of the hero of the tale, though mournful, has interest enough to atone for long tracts of level writing, and among the causes of the railway accident, vaguely hinted, we observe the conception of motives which might have given a guilty origin to the fatal collision. But from carrying out this idea, wih its consequences, the resolution of the writer appears to have shrunk, and at this we need not be surprised. We would further pray the authoress to eschew all aims at supporting small conventional moralities, such as the impropriety of poor people calling their children by the same Christian names as their betters, as though "Amelia" were by some divine right of more aristocratic significance than "Jane." Where is the line to be drawn, as the barber suggests in "Nicholas Nickleby?" Is "Amelia" not to go below bakers? Considering also that there was a Princess "Amelia" not long ago, the name is, by the same reasoning, as far above Mrs. Forster's rank in society, as that estimable lady was inferior to Mrs. Dennis. We hope, however, to find the author of "Mark Dennis" engaged hereafter upon sorao more important points of social improvement, and adhering to a closer delineation of the life and manners of the upper working class of society, which seems to have engaged (and most worthily so) her sympathy and attention.
- New novel, The Literary Gazette, No, 34, New Series, February 19th, 1859
Online: Google Books L0dWAAAAcAAJ.

The Children of the Chapel (London: J. Masters, 1864, London: Chatto & Windus, 1910)
Novel, credited as "By the Author of Mark Dennis". The 1910 edition credits a segment to Swinburne: "including The Pilgrimage of Pleasure, a morality play by Algernon Charles Swinburne".
      This is a historical novel set from 1559 onward, and is set among the choristers of the Chapel Royal, in an era when it had the power to conscript boys from local churches, and the novel's protagonist is one such victim.
A charmingly written tale, The Children of the Chapel, by the author of The Chorister Brothers, was published by Joseph Masters in 1864. It recounts the experiences of Arthur Savile, who is represented as one of the boys impressed by "Thomas Gyles," and by whom he is subjected to much brutal treatment. Gyles is erroneously described as Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal, and is thus confused with his son Nathaniel.
- A History of English Cathedral Music, 1549-1889 (John Bumpus, London: T Werner Laurie, 1908, Internet Archive historyofenglish01bumpuoft).
I'm not sure how Bumpus manages to read both "brutal treatment" and "a charmingly written tale" into the same text. The biographical and bibliographical issue is that right from the start, The Children of the Chapel sets the scene for repeated scenarios of flagellation in the early works of Mrs Disney Leith.

Online: childrenchapelb00leitgoog (1864) or childrenofchapel00leituoft (1910).

The Chorister Brothers: A Tale (London: J. Masters, 1867)
Novel. Unidentified author, as "By the Author of The Children of the Chapel".
We strongly recommend The Chorister Brothers ... as one of the best books for young people which have appeared for a long time,—the story is very interesting, the natural and lifelike, and the truest and best principles are taught with all the earnestness and simplicity of a thoroughly refined and devout mind.
- Reviews and notices, The Churchman's Companion, pages 88-9, 1869

...
The Church press continues to teem with religious tales. A new one, entitled The Chorister Brothers (London: Masters) is equal in interest and ability to the usual run of such publications, and will no doubt be especially acceptable to boys who may be choristers themselves. Some of the characters are very life-like and well drawn, and not quite so unreal and Utopian as often is the case in these kind of stories, while the principles enunciated are true and sound.
- Literary Notices, The Union Review: A Magazine of Catholic Literature and Art, J.T. Hayes, Volume 5, page 423.
...
The story is told with liveliness and simplicity, and we follow it with interest to the end. The manner is much more than the matter in this sort of books, and in this instance the manner is very good."—Guardian (regular selective quote in advertisement)
Online: no.

The Incumbent of Axhill: a sequel to the "Chorister brothers." (London: J. Masters and Co., 1875)
Novel. Author uncredited, but identified by the subtitle as author of The Chorister Brothers.
      A novel about the social and romantic complications of religious differences, when a London-trained Anglo-Catholic minister is assigned to the rural village of Axhill, where they view such a stance as "ritualism and Popery". This, it should be remembered, is more or less the era of Trollope's Barsetshire series, which explored very similar territory. The action later moves to a Northern indusrial town.
Online: digitised copy available from the Bodleian Library, via Europeana 014173193.

A Martyr Bishop, and Other Verses (London: J. Masters and Co., 1878)
Anthology of largely religious poetry. By the author of "Chorister brothers," etc.
      The backstory to the title poem is very interesting: the "martyr bishop" is John Coleridge Patteson (1827-1871), who was killed by local people on Nukapu, Solomon Islands, 20 September 1871. He had been involved in work to suppress 'blackbirding' - trade in slaves run as quasi-legal recruitment of indentured workers - and the theory at the time was that he had been mistaken for a blackbirder. However, Kolshus and Hovdhaugen (2010), on the basis of examining oral history and mission documents, have suggested alternatives: either that he was killed as a missionary, because of resentments over missionaries taking children away to remote mission schools; or that he'd made some major social blunder (cf. Jack Vance's The Moon Moth) by breaking norms such as patriarchal hierarchy or rules of precedence when gift-giving.
      The first poem in the anthology commemorates Patteson; the second the return mission of the ship Southern Cross to the scene; and the third the death of the Rev. Joseph Atkin, who died of arrow wounds sustained in the same incident (see transcript Project Canterbury / In Memoriam. Joseph Atkin).
Online: Internet Archive amartyrbishopan00leitgoog.

Auld Fernies' Son: a story in five parts (London: J Masters, 1881)
Novel. By the author of "Chorister brothers," "The Incumbent of Axhill," &c.
This seems to us an advance on the author's former writings. It is a very quiet story of middle-class life in Scotland ; the hero the agent for an agricultural company, and son to a farmer, one heroine being of the same stamp, the other a dressmaker. Goodness and refinement of feeling make Edmund Allardyce and Isobel Donald a true gentleman and lady, and their Scotch tongues, manners, and customs carry us through a good deal that possibly might seem tedious and commonplace if it were in plain English. The troubles of a choir in a small Episcopal Chapel are very well described, and it is about a harmonium in playing which neither is a great proficient, that poor faithful Isie learns to view Edmund as the noblest of mankind; while he, poor fellow, has given his whole honest heart to a far less worthy love. His constancy, almost in spite of himself, is the main object of the story, which is a delightful one and ought to charm all those who do not call for much incident, or for that species of truthfulness that delights in the grotesque and ugly, rather than the tender and noble. There are those who may think the tale long, for there is more in this one volume than in many three-volume novels, but the story is so like living with good people, that we could not weary of it.
- Notices, The Literary Churchman and Church Fortnightly, February 18, 1881, page 78.
Minor typographic peeve: bibliographic sources repeatedly 'correct' the title to Auld Fernie's Son. In the book, the nickname of the titular character Mr. Allardyce is actually "Fernies", so the apostrophe placement in Auld Fernies' Son is correct.
Online: Internet Archive auldferniessonb00leitgoog.

Ruthieston: some notes by a brother and sister (London: Walter Smith (late Mozley), 1882)
Novel. By the author of 'The Chorister Brothers,", "Auld Fernies' Son," etc. etc.
This is one of the several novels by Mrs Leith examining the personal and romantic conflicts arising from the division between mainstream and nonconformist churches, in this case via the situation of an English clergyman in a Scottish village. Apparently this is supposed to be for a younger readership.
Although a High Church clergyman is the hero of the story, it is interesting to readers of every denomination, and describes the lives of a young English clergyman and his sister, who were stationed at "Ruthieston." a small Scotch village. Characters of almost ever denomination appear in its pages.
- Books for the young, The Literary News, Volume 7, January 1886, page 26.
...
This is a story of an English clergyman who has taken a cure in a little Scottish town. The first half of the narrative is supposed to be his own, the second to be his sister's. It is altogether very characteristic and interesting as a picture of the work of the struggling Scottish Church. The mixture of ranks is to our notions rather perplexing. The clergyman lodges in the post-office together with the agent son of a wholesale dealer in coals, Joseph Macaldowie, the hero of the tale in fact. Both go together to a pic-nic given by the county people of the neighbourhood, and are accompanied by an exceedingly second-rate lady with an artist niece, who makes violent love to Mr Macaldowie. He on his part is in love with Tibbie, niece to the post-mistress, but daughter of a substantial farmer. The character and story of Tibbie are very touching and full of interest, and there is much that is instructive in the picture of the working of the Scottish Church in this remote parish. We greatly recommend the book, and to those who have complained of the dialect of 'Auld Fernie's Son' we would say that the Scotch when spoken is not so broad, nor is there nearly so much of it as in that very pretty story.
- The Literary Churchman and Church Fortnightly, Vol. 28, September 1st, 1882, pages 352-3.
Online: Internet Archive ruthiestonbyaut00leitgoog.

Like his own daughter: a story (London: Walter Smith (late Mozley), 1882)
Novel. By the author of "The Chorister Brothers," "The Incumbent of Axhill," &c.
Online: Internet Archive likehisowndaugh00leitgoog.

From over the Water: a story of two promises (London: Walter Smith (late Mozley), 1884)
Novel. By the author of "The Chorister Brothers," "Like His Own Daughter," etc etc.
This is a novel set in twin locations: the Isle of Wight (in the fictional "old world village" of Cheveley) and the North of Scotland (in the equally fictional Ardhill). .
In no part of southern England is the hand of spring more lavish, her reign more beneficient and genial, than in that sea-girt tract—so narrowly divided from the mainland, yet in all its attributes so essentially and unconquerably insular—whose primrose-garlanded knolls, and violet-sprinkled banks, and greenest fields shining and twinkling with cowslips, buttercups, and daisies, have deservedly gained for it the appellation of the “Garden Isle.”
- opening paragraph, From over the Water
The story, as far as I can tell from a skim, is another examining issues of the divide between mainstream Church and nonconformist "Chapel", both in the Isle of Wight and in Scotland.
Online: Internet Archive fromoverwaterby00leitgoog.

Rufus: a story in three books (London: J Masters and Co., 1886)
Novel. By the author of "The Chorister Brothers."
The advertisement in The Standard (Tuesday, July 14, 1896; pg. 9) describes Rufus, Nora’s Friends and Under Cliff as “Popular Tales, the Scenes of which are laid in the Isle of Wight”.
"Rufus is an Isle of Wight fisherman who falls in love with a pretty little Scotch girl" (desc. from Literary Churchman).
Online: no.

Nora's Friends: Or, a Little Girl's Influence. A Story for the Young (London: J. Masters and Company, 1889)
Novel. By the author of "The Chorister Brothers", also set in the Isle of Wight.
“Every girl who can appreciate a capital sketch of one like herself will enjoy following the life history of Nora in these pages—Bookseller
Avowedly designed for the young, it might with advantage be read by many who could hardly lay claim to juvenility. It teaches in an indirect way and in the course of an engaging narrative many lessons of forbearance, selfdenial, gentleness of manner, and goodness of disposition which may profitably be laid to heart.—Aberdeen Journal
- selective blurbs from ad in Tib and Sib: A Story for Children, Stella Austin, J. Masters, 1892
 Online: no.

Under Cliff.  A sequel to Nora’s Friends (London: J Masters, 1890)
Novel. By the author of “The Chorister Brothers."
The third of this trio set in the Isle of Wight.
Nora's charming disposition is further developed in this excellent story, which with all the interest of a novel is full of good and profitable reading. The numerous characters are well drawn, and both old and young will follow their old friend's career with pleasure and instruction.”—Church Times
In this volume the subsequent movements of Nora are set forth, and man good lessons are put before the reader. It is altogether a story which 'will enhance the writer's reputation.—John Bull
To those who have perused the original work we can heartily recommend this new one as an interesting and pleasantly written sequel.—Stationery and Bookselling
- selective blurbs from ad in Tib and Sib: A Story for Children, Stella Austin, J. Masters, 1892
Online: no.
 
Trusty in Fight: Or, the Vicar's Boys. A Story
(London: J Masters, 1893)
Novel. By the author of “The Chorister Brothers."
With a frontispiece. This is a very good story of home life, which should find many readers; the various children are well described, and their doings interestingly set forth by the anonymous author.
- The Publishers' Circular and Booksellers' Record of British and Foreign Literature, Sampson Low, Marston & Company, 1893, Volume 59, 1893
... a long and somewhat shapeless familt history; it begins at no particular point, ans there seems to be no reason why it should ever end. The vicar has ten children, whose trivial lives and misfortunes are chronicled at great length and with much detail. The story, though dull, is quite harmless, and may find some readers.
- Books for the Young, The Athenæum, No. 3460, February 17, 1894
Like The Children of the Chapel, Trusty in Fight has been remarked upon in a number of critical commentaries as a "flagellation novel"; and furthermore one with relationships and characterisation highly applicable to those of Algernon Swinburne. See, for instance, Swinburne in Love: Some Novels by Mary Gordon, FAC Wilson, Texas Studies in Literature and Language, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Winter 1970), pp. 1415-1426, whose author comments that
... Mary was not much of a novelist, and we shall see that the stories tend to be thinly fictionalized reworkings of events that had come her way in real life ...
Online: no.


The stories of Thorwald the far-farer, and of Bishop Isleif (London: J Masters, 1894)
Translation from the Icelandic of Gunnlaugur Leifsson, "by the author of The Chorister Brothers".
See the 1895 The Stories of the Bishops of Iceland.
Online: no.

Original Verses and Translations (London: J Masters, 1895)
By Mrs. Disney Leith, author of "The Chorister Brothers," etc.
Comprising: 1. Miscellaneous Verses; 2. Ballads; 3. In Memoriam Verses; 4. Songs from the Sagas; 5. Translations from Modern Icelandic Poets. A quick skim finds one or two Isle of Wight topics: The Wreck of the 'Sirenia,' March 1888, and Shorwell Spire.
Mrs. Disney Leith has long been known among her friends and neighbours as a writer and thinker, but hitherto we believe most of her writings … have been published for private circulation alone.
…
Mrs. Disney Leith, who is just now at Northcourt [Isle of Wight], where she passes the winter, resides during the summer months at Westhall, Oyne, where her natural kindliness of heart has endeared her to the tenants. Her largeness of heart and intellect is fully displayed in the volume before us; and as we read we have presented to us the inmost imaginings of one who has been trained to both think and feel.
…
We congratulate Mrs. Disney Leith on the excellent work she has produced. Aberdeen cannot boast of many poets of high merit among her sons and daughters, and our patriotic feelings make use proud to count among our number the talented authoress of the volume of verses before use. One piece—"Our Vicar's Son," a soldier’s letter (a true episode of the Kaffir War—possesses a melancholy interest in the light of recent events in South Africa.
- Literature, Aberdeen Weekly Journal (Aberdeen, Scotland), Monday, January 6, 1896.
Online: Internet Archive originalversestr00leit.

Stories of the Bishops of Iceland (London: J Masters, 1895)
Translated from the Icelandic "Biskupa sögur" by the author of "The Chorister Brothers."
This is actually the same text as the earlier The stories of Thorwald the far-farer, and of Bishop Isleif (ref: Halkett, Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous English Literature).
Online: Hathitrust catalog record only 100654437.

Three Visits to Iceland: Being Notes Taken at Sea and on Land (London: J Masters, 1897)
cover from British Library PDF
"Comprising a Pilgrimage to Skalholt, and Visits to Geysir and the Njala District" .. "With a translation of J. Hallgrimsson's Gunnar's Holm".
"Nothing from the pen of Mrs Disney Leith can fail to be interesting. She is an admirable observer of man and manners, and has a wonderful power of assimilating the ideas of the people around her. Hence the charm of her fascinating narrative of her visits to Iceland. She has described the people and the natural features of the island with a graphic pen, and since the death of William Morris, probably knows as much of the language and literature of Iceland as any one now living in the British Isles. This knowledge will be found embodied in some excellent translations from the Icelandic, which form a valuable appendix to the book. There are numerous illustrations, and the altogether the book is deserving of the highest praise.
- Literature, Aberdeen Weekly Journal, Monday, July 12, 1897.
Online: Three Visits to Iceland can be read at, or downloaded from, the British Library website: BLL01014815806 (click I want this for links to the PDF viewer options).

Iceland (London: Adam & Charles Black, 1908)
Children's book in A&C Black's "Peeps at Many Lands" series, illustrated "with twelve water-colour illustrations by M.A. Wemyss and the author".
Illustrations: A Dairy Maid / High Street, Reykjavik / An Icelandic Horsewoman / A Farm / Great Geysir in Eruption / Seogaposs / A Hay Carrier / The Ewe Pen / A Fair Icelander in Ordinary Dress / A Girl in Holiday Dress / An Iceand Pony / Gullfoss.
Online: Internet Archive iceland00leitgoog or iceland01leitgoog.

Champion Sandy: a story ( Aberdeen: A. Murray ; Dumfries: R. G. Mann, 1910).
Novel. "With three illustrations by E. Earle".
A Scottish-set story in which a couple marry despite religious differences.(Presbyterian vs. Episcopalian).
Online: no.

The Boyhood of Algernon Charles Swinburne (The Contemporary Review Vol. 97, April 1910, page 385).
Along with poem A Year’s Mind.
This was a collection of recollections and letters that Mrs Leith later expanded into the 1917 book editions. It's the first source to bring to light Swinburne's letter describing his (unverified) climb of the chalk Culver Cliff to prove to himself his physical fitness. She writes ...
Years after he described it to me by letter, and I think it is only fair to give it as far as possible in his own words, prefacing that Culver Cliff—the great white promontory to the S.E. of the Isle of Wight—is about as unassailable to ordinary mortals as any of our island ramparts.
... and Culver gets a mention towards the end of her poem:
The fame he craved not, courted not, abides,
The songs he sang shall hardly pass away
While Culver's stark white steep withstands the tides,
Or little children in the Landslip play
As once he played there: eve and crystal dawn
Seem goodlier now on shore and sea and lawn
That hence such music and such might were drawn.

But fairer than the light on field and foam,
And brighter than his fame which fills the land,
His love of kindred and his love of home
And all things true and beautiful, shall stand
Immortal; and the mists of pain and gloom
Approach not, nor shall mar the fadeless bloom,
Of Love that hallows and that guards his tomb.
- A Year's Mind. , section quoted in Aberdeen Journal Notes and Queries, Vol. 6, 1913, page 40, Internet Archive aberdeenjournaln1913aber.
See JSBlog previously: Swinburne, Culver climber (19th November, 2010); Over Culver to Shanklin (6th November, 2011); and Bonchurch: and a singer asleep (21st September 2012).

A Black Martinmas: A Story (London: Lynwood, 1912)
Novel - "a Romance of Scottish Village Life, by Mrs. Disney Leith".
Its heroine Mollie is of "rather unusual height" (Victorian Poetry, Volume 9, 1971) and
... often regretted that she had not been born a boy. Hers was one of those girl-natures which have a good deal of the boy or man in their composition . . . neither a tomboy nor a hoyden, she cared for and sympathised with the aims and pursuits of men, while those of women, as such, did not actually appeal to her.
- Black Martinmas
But despite these unpromising traits
Molly is the daughter of a North Country grieve [a manager or farm steward] who is wooed by a widowed gardener with four children, and finds in him the love of her life. The story is simply and naturally told, and indeed is much more like human life than such novels usually are.
- The Review of Reviews, Volume 47, 1913, page 98
Online: no.

Lachlan's Widow (London: Lynwood & Co., 1913)
Novel. "A Scottish romance ... a  sequel to A Black Martinmas".
"pleasant domestic story brightly written"
- Hull Daily Mail, 25th March 1914
...
This is a very simple, rather goody-goody story of Aberdeenshire country folk, somewhat full of dialect which can have little interest to any but Scottish people. Lachlan's widow married him on his deathbed, took charge of her three step- children, and returned home to manage her father's household. Then came a woman, whom the widow's father eventually married, to upset the peace of the home, and eventually Mollie Lachlan married again—the lover of her girlhood. Before this happened, however, she assisted in smoothing out her brother's love affair, and refused the young Scots “meenister” who very cautiously allowed himself to become in love with her. We take leave of her at a point when all promises well for her future, and since the story gives us some good insight to her character, we wish her all success and trust that her second husband will have less trouble with the dialect she speaks than we had.
      The book is not innocent of weak grammar; it is avowedly a sequel to the authoress’ “Black Martinmas,” though in justice it must be said that there is no harking back to the interests of the previous story. Still, it shares the usual fate of sequels in that its author seems unable to work up a creative interest; we are able to feel the identities only of Mollie, the widow, and of Midge, the little girl of whom we would fain have seen more. The rest of the characters are shadowy folk, and the book is likely to be popular only among such readers as like a homely tale which makes slight demands on their imaginative and intellectual capabilities.
- The Academy and Literature, Volume 85, Odhams Limited, 1913, page 814
Online: no.

Algernon Charles Swinburne (New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, The Knickerbocker Press, 1917)
"Personal recollections by his cousin Mrs. Disney Leith, with extracts from some of his private letters".
Illustrations: A.C. Swinburne, Ætat 25 / East Dene, Bonchurch / Rear-Admiral C.H. Swinburne / The Lady Jane Swinburne / Miss Alice Swinburne / Swinburne's Handwriting and Autograph, 1860 / Miss Isabel Swinburne / Swinburne's Handwriting and Autograph, 1907 228
Online: Internet Archive algernoncharles00swingoog.

The boyhood of Algernon Charles Swinburne (London: Chatto & Windus, 1917)
"Personal recollections by his cousin Mrs. Disney Leith, with extracts from some of his private letters". Different compilation of same material as previous title.
Online: Internet Archive boyhoodofalgerno00swin or boyhoodofalgerno00leituoft or boyhoodofalgerno00swinuoft.

Northern Lights and Other Verses  (London: Arthur L Humphreys, 1920)
Verse comprising a Northern Lights collection focusing on a journey from Scotland to Iceland, and Verses: various on mixed themes.
Online: full view via Hathitrust 009408822.

And that is mostly it. I'm pleased to have independently arrived at nearly the full set as identified by Powney and Mitchell, except for a final batch of articles/monographs that I doubt I've have found. These include:
  • Hvit the Fosterling, Monthly Packet (The Monthly Packet of Evening Readings for Younger Members of the English Church), London: John and Charles Mozley, Volume 27, February 1864, page 179, Google Books rmkJAAAAQAAJ). This is an anonymous retelling of elements of the Gísla saga, its authorship identified in 2003 by Helen Schinske, librarian and editor in Seattle, Washington, via a reference in the correspondence between the Packet editor, Charlotte Yonge, and the Reverend Algernon Wodehouse ("I shall be delighted to see another story of Miss Gordon's. I am in hopes that her icelandic one will appear in the Packet in February or March" - The Princeton University Library Chronicle, Volume 62, Issue 3, 2003).
  • Iceland Ponies. The Stable, 4 Feb. 1899. - some very obscure horse-y magazine. I haven't even been able to verify its existence as a publication; maybe it's a mountweazel.
  • Notes on some Icelandic Churches, Saga-Book of the Viking Society for Northern Research. IV, 1904-05 (see Index to Saga-Book Volumes 1-23,  JAB Townsend, Viking Society for Northern Research, University College London, 1999) .
  • A series of monographs on Icelandic topics in The Scottish Standard Bearer - "an illustrated monthly magazine for Scottish Churchmen" (in fact, for Scottish Episcopalians) including:
    "The Children of Lund", "A Visit to the Waterfalls of Southern Iceland.", "The Children of Thingvellir", "With Royalty at Thingvellir: the King of Denmark in Iceland", "Tryppa-Gisli: A Reykjavik Character" and "Climb to the Crater of Hekla".
See Powney and Mitchell, as referenced above, for the full attributions on these.


- Ray
          Victory: Mexico Seabed Mining Project Scrapped        

Coastal communities living in Baja California Sur, Mexico, achieved a huge victory recently in blocking an offshore mining project -- one of several proposed projects to dredge up minerals from the sea.

SEMARNAT, Mexico’s federal environmental authority, denied a license for the Don Diego offshore phosphate mining project proposed by Exploraciones Oceanicas, which is owned by US-based Odyssey Mining and Mexican mining giant MINOSA. The agency determined the project would be harmful to the area's population of endangered loggerhead turtles because it would destroy the seabed-dwelling organisms on which the turtles feed.

This decision blocks an industrial project that would have been devastating to the coastal ecosystem of Ulloa Bay in Baja California Sur. In addition to being a critical habitat for loggerhead turtles, it is on the endangered grey whale’s annual migratory route from Alaska to Baja California Sur, where the whales give birth to their young. The Bay also supports a thriving fishing industry.

The project was estimated to extract, over 50 years, 350 million tons of phosphate sand from the seabed, in an area equivalent to 60% of Mexico City.

Local groups formed a broad coalition to oppose the Don Diego project. Our colleague Fernando Ochoa from Defensa Ambiental del Noroeste(DAN) told us:

"Whales, sea turtles, local fishermen and environmental groups celebrate the resolution from SEMARNAT that denies the EIA authorization for the seabed mining project "Don Diego".  The impacts of such a project in such a pristine and rich environment would be dire and irreversible.   It was great to see so much participation from scientists, academics, local fishing cooperatives, experts and NGO's within the EIA evaluation process as it provided SEMARNAT with sufficient information about the environmental impacts of the project.  Obviously, this participation had an influence in the decision-making process".

Unfortunately, Mexico is not the only country where seabed mining projects are proposed -- the South Pacific is a particular hotspot, with companies exploring for minerals off the coasts of countries such as Fiji, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands.

Even the World Bank, an institution not known for taking bold stances to protect the environment, recently released a report [PDF]  urging countries in this region to take a precautionary approach to this industry.

We echo this recommendation and call on countries to hit the pause button on deep sea or offshore mining until its long-term impacts are studied further.


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  Magnitude Mw 7.9 Region BOUGAINVILLE REGION, P.N.G. Date time 2017-01-22 04:30:23.8 UTC Location 6.20 S ; 155.10 E Depth 150 km Distances 643 km NW of Honiara, Solomon Islands / pop: 56,300 / local time: 15:30:23.8 2017-01-22 375 km SE of Kokopo, Papua New Guinea / pop: 26,300 / local time: 14:30:23.8 2017-01-22 44 […]
                  

          Parapercis binotata, A New Species Of Sandperch From Solomon Islands        
There’s tons of different species of sandperches, small bottom-dwelling tropical marine fish intriguing eyes and an inquisitive behavior. They’re small, hardy and usually pretty cheap, and today we can add one more species to the catalog of Parapercis,  Parapercis binotata is a new species of sandperch from the Solomon Islands which was discovered in a pretty […]
          Surveys seek input on needs and resources for biodiversity data in the Pacific Islands        

To help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme, GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands—two stakeholder groups critical to the programme’s long-term success.

Data holders need resources and incentives to distribute the many types of information that they steward. Available in English and French, this survey seeks to understand the financial or technical challenges that data holders in the Pacific Islands face in sharing data and its use in research and policy.

Decision makers depend on high-quality biodiversity information to support planning and policy and to encourage world-class research. The second survey (also available in English and French versions) seeks insights into how well the information needs of decision makers in the Pacific Islands are currently served.

We invite those interested in responding to take the 12- and 13-question, 20-minute surveys, and also to share them with their contacts and networks. Wider distribution will help us gain a deeper, more practical understanding of how BID can best support data mobilization and use across the Pacific.

Those respondents who may lack sufficiently reliable Internet connectivity may download and fill out 'offline' versions of the appropriate survey in Microsoft Word:

GBIF expects to issue a call for proposals led by organizations from the ACP countries in the Pacific Islands in late August or early September 2016. Potential grantseekers can sign up to receive updates via email or visit the BID grantseekers’ site for more information as it becomes available.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

Images 
Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. Photo by Nick Hobgood.

Aerial view of Kadavu Island, Fiji. 2014 CC BY-NC Nick Hobgood https://flic.kr/p/puxsk5

Content GBits 

GBIF has released surveys seeking input from data holders and decision makers in the Pacific Islands to help prepare for the 2016 calls for proposals under the Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme.

GBIF area 
Data use 
Programme 
Organizations 
Content stream 
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          Minister Pato seeks US support on significant Pacific Islands issues        
Deputy Prime Minister Leo Dion and Foreign Affairs and Immigration Minister Rimbink Pato at the United Nations

 Pacific Island Forum Leaders with the Secretary-General of the United Nations,  Ban ki-moon.
 
Papua New Guinea's Minister for Foreign Affairs and Immigration, Rimbink Pato, has conveyed Pacific Island State concerns and sought support from the United States on issues such as climate change.
Representing Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, Pato raised the issues at a meeting of Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Leaders with the United States Assistant Secretary of State,  Danny Russell in New York last Friday.
Pato further expressed his desire for United States' backing at the COP21 Conference in Paris this year on climate issues that were of vital significance to lives and communities in the Pacific.
"The United States is aware of the threat brought about by climate change and extreme weather in the Pacific.
"Assistant Secretary Russell expressed his concern at the devastation caused by tropical storms in Samoa, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu and the need for concerted efforts at all levels to assist small island countries in mitigation and resilience efforts.
"He further informed the meeting that whilst the US Administration wished to do more, the political dynamics in Washington does not always help the Administration's desire in this regard.
"We appreciated Assistant Secretary Russell's concern for the issues affecting our region and the broader global community, as well as the difficulty faced in gaining bipartisan support in the United States Capital."
Pato said Russell and his team received a briefing on the Pacific Regionalism framework endorsed by the recent PIF Leaders' meeting.
"Areas such as fisheries, climate change, cervical cancer and West Papua, that are covered in the Pacific Regionalism Framework, truly capture the concerns and aspirations of the people of the Pacific.
"Assistant Secretary Russell made the point that the United States is a Pacific State and hence appreciates the need for solidarity with the PIF countries in advancing issues of common concern.
"On the nuclear weapons issue, Pacific Leaders have urged the United States to ratify the Treaty of Raratonga as well as find just solutions for the people of Marshall Islands as a consequence of nuclear tests in the region.
Russell congratulated Papua New Guinea for successfully hosting the 45th PIF Forum, and a copy of the PIF Leaders Joint-Communique was given to the United States contingent.
Pato thanked the United States contingent, that also included the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Ms Samantha Power, and other high ranking officials for hosting the meeting with the PIF Leaders.
While in New York to attend the United Nations General Assembly Meeting, Pato also chaired a meeting between the Pacific Island Forum Leaders with the Secretary-General of the United Nations,  Ban ki-moon.

          JFK's 'guiding principle' of our nation        
U.S. Navy patrol torpedo boat PT 109 was rammed Aug. 2, 1943, by Japanese destroyer Amagiri. PT-109 sank. Though sustaining permanent back injuries, PT-109’s commander, LTJG John F. Kennedy, helped the survivors swim several miles to shore. Unfortunately the shore they swam to was behind enemy lines in the Solomon Islands. After a daring rescue, [...]
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          Encuentra personas mdiante su telefono y el GPS        
A continuacion les presentamos esta innovacion para localizar gente mediante la señal del celular y un GPS. Gracias a www.trackapartner.com

Debes poner el pais y el numero de telefono con el codigo de la ciudad...


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          Puerto Galera Diving        

Read on the web

When I arrived at Manila’s Ninoy Aquino International Airport, I was quickly whisked away by a van that took me to a ferry en route to Puerto Galera, on the island of Mindoro. Just a few hours later, I was escorted to my room at the Atlantis Resort and immediately asked if I would like to dive that afternoon.

My response, of course, was yes.

Nudibranch

Shore Diving

The memory of that long journey (flight, car and boat ride) faded away as I immediately began a shore dive right off the resort’s beach. I barely had my head underwater when my guide tapped on his tank to show me something in the seagrass, only five feet deep. On the edge of a tube-dwelling anemone was a bright red-spotted candy crab crawling into the center of the anemone, amongst its iridescent white tentacles.

Before I even finished taking photos of the crab, there was more tapping, and I saw two tiny flabellina nudibranchs. Pretty soon I discovered that the waters around Puerto Galera were teeming with nudibranchs, with over 700 species of every color and sizes identified in the Philippines. These first two nudis got plenty of camera time before I realized I’d been underwater for almost fifteen minutes and hadn’t moved more than twenty feet from shore.

Lionfish

My guide was eyeing me impatiently, as he had plenty more to show me. At the end of my first dive there were pipefish, baby frogfish, flying gurnards, sea moths and lots of pretty anemonefish. We weren’t completely out of the water yet, and I was asking when our next dive would be.

Boat Diving

The next day, we took a small boat about ten minutes away from the resort to a site with moderate current, known to bring the critters out. We back-rolled off the boat, and almost directly below us in the black sand was a pink hairy frogfish using its lure to try and catch dinner. We swam over to an area with more coral and we found an adult male blue ribbon eel and nudibranchs everywhere.

The Philippines make up part of the Coral triangle, which is basically the rainforest of the ocean. From the northern Philippine Islands to the eastern Solomon Islands, and to Indonesia in the west make a geographic triangle, with waters the richest in species on Earth. For divers this means non-stop action. Pair that with some spectacular dive guides and every dive will be a treasure hunt.

Ribbon Eel

Most of the diving found close to shore is muck diving or black sand diving. Although coral seems sparse, many of the ocean’s oddities can be found such as skeleton shrimp, wonderpus, frogfish, and cuttlefish. Not far offshore, plenty of coral reefs can be found with healthy hard and soft corals, and lots of fish including some of the bigger stuff like sharks, eagle rays, and mantas.

One morning, we took an hour boat ride across the channel to Verde (green) Island for some strong current drift dives. We were met with crystal blue waters and brilliantly colored reefs with pink and purple soft corals that seemed to have been painted all over the wall. We flew alongside the current, passing purple and pink soft corals, and several black and white banded sea snakes joined us for a bit of the ride. We saw Lionfish hunting off the reef, and some lucky divers even spotted a blue ring octopus on the wall.

Night Diving

Back at the resort I had a tough decision to make: to skip the night dive and indulge in some of the Philippines' famous San Miguel, or go for a night dive. I chose to head out out for one last dive after dinner to see how the beachfront would transform at night.

Harlequin Crab

I was not disappointed. In the seagrass we found a tiny bobtail squid, a snake eel with just his head sticking out of the sand, and a tiny juvenile lionfish. Moving deeper towards the black sand, we saw a stargazer completely buried in the sand with just his eyes and mouth looking back at us. The list went on and on.

Holding off on that San Miguel was worth it, but after a warm shower there was nothing better than relaxing next to the water, looking up at the stars, and chatting about our amazing dives over the local brew. For the more adventurous, there is plenty of nightlife just beyond the resort, but for me the plan was getting some sleep and freshening up for more diving. I had to get up early if I wanted to fit five dives a day in! But it’s totally worth being completely exhausted after such a long day of diving.


Further Reading

On Seahorse Love

Pescador Island - A Small Island Full of Surprises

Spacy Night dives - Discover Underwater Fluorescence

The Kasai Wall


          "Force Evacuation at Man-made Calamities"        

Sa layuning maminimized daw ang casualty (zero casualty) sa tuwing may dilubyo’t kalamidad, “force evacuation” ang nakikitang shortcut na solusyon ng mga pulitiko. Mas nakatuon ang naturang hakbangin sa kung paano lulunasan ang epekto, mitigation at wala sa balangkas ng preperasyon, partisipasyon at epektibong pagpaplano. Parang gustong palabasin na ang mamamayan ang salarin at dapat sisihin sa paglobo at paglaki ng casualties.

Bakit ayaw magsilikas ang mga tao sa kani-kanilang bahay at pamayanan sa kabila ng vulnerabilities sa panganib? Simpleng pasaway lang ba o masyadong komplikado at baka magboomerang sa mukha ng mga pulitiko ang dahilan? Sino ba ang tunay na salarin sa palagiang sakuna't trahedya? May makatotohanang patakaran ba, partnership and consultation sa mamamayan, may paghahanda at planado ba ang naturang aksyon o ito'y "lantay na ura-urada at bara-bara bay" na pagkilos ng gubyerno? (Editorial cartoon, courtesy of;http://www.abante-tonite.com/issue/mar1411/editorial.htm)

May "CLIMATE CHANGE" o wala, bagyuhin at disaster’s prone areas, at nasa ring of fire sa PASIPIKO (kasama ang mahigit 20 bansa) ang ating bansa. Kung baga, naging bahagi na ng buhay ng ating mga ninuno at kasaysayan ang sakuna. Ang Pampanga ay galing sa salitang PAMPANG (Pampanga River Delta) at ang Tagalog ay Taga-ILOG (Pasig River-Laguna de Bay). Dahil sa palagiang lubog sa baha ang mga pamayanan, imiikot ang takbo ng pamumuhay at naiigpawan ito sa pamamagitan ng "BALANGAY."

Mabentang "raket ngayon (project proposals) ng mga matatalino" at mga institutions (GO / NGOs) for foreign funding purposes ang climate change." Bagamat totoo ang "penomenom ng climate change," mahirap tanggapin na walang ugnayan ang kapabayaan sa paglala ng sakuna at trahedya. Naniniwala ang marami na ang “pagbabalikwas ng kalikasan laban sa mga nagsamantala ay palatandaang may pananagutan ang tao sa mga sakuna't trahedya at wasto lamang na sila'y managot.” 

Bilyong piso taun-taon ang damage perwisyo sa ari-arian, infra at buhay. Pangatlo tayo sa pinakamapanganib at bisitahin ng kalamidad sa mundo. Ang nakakapanglupaypay, kung sa mitigation ang pag-uusapan, bakit namiminimized ng ibang bansa (Japan, Taiwan, China, US, Mexico, Cuba, Iceland, Chile at Australia) ang casualties at trahedya kung ikukumpara sa mga mahihinang bansang tulad ng Pilipinas? (1 Vanuatu 32.00; 2 Tonga 29.08; 3 Philippines 24.32; 4 Solomon Islands 23.51; 5 Guatemala 20.88; 6 Bangladesh 17.45; 7 Timor-Leste 17.45; 8 Costa Rica 16.74; 9 Cambodia 16.58; 10 El Salvador 16.49; 11 Nicaragua 15.74 ; 12 Papua New Guinea 15.45 ; 13 Madagascar 14.46 ; 14 Brunei Darussalam 14.08 ; 15 Afghanistan 14.06.)

Ang paulit-ulit na senaryo ng kawalan ng kakayahan at paghahanda ay resulta lamang ng deka- dekadang "pananalaula ng kalikasan, mismanagement, bad governance, dependency at dis-empowerment." Ang isyu ng "hindi natututo" ay maihahalintulad natin sa trahedya ng OFW sa mapanganib na lugar sa Gitnang Silangan, informal sector at vote buying sa panahon ng election, pork barrel, weteng at pangungurakot, mga dahilan kung bakit mahirap paniwalaang "may malasakit, makabayan, may pagmamahal at kalinga" ang mga pulitiko.

Nakakadis-empower sa mamamayan ang palagiang "pala-asa, may tulong na parating at may mauutangan." Mas nakatuon sa pagiging re-active, imbis na pro-active approached, "relief oriented, bayani effect at photo ops na intervention sa mga sakuna at dilubyo." Kung ipatutupad ang force evacuation, para na ring sinasabing laos na at hindi na uso ang prinsipyong “ang sama-sama at lakas ng mamamayan" at ibalik na muli ang kamay na bakal at pamumuwersa.

Malaking bagay kung maipapakita ng mga lider pulitiko na may maayos, seryoso, may patakaran, batas, may paghahanda at epektibong planong nakabase sa komunidad at pinupuntirya ang sitwasyong patuloy na nakakalbo ang ating kagubatan, baradong mga daluyan ng mga waterways, masisibang real estate developers, quarrying at mining, zoning ordinance at patuloy na paggamit ng plastic.

Dubladong trahedya ang kakaharapin ng ating bayan sa force evacuation. Trahedya sa kawalan ng paghahanda at plano, trahedya pa rin sa pagharap sa solusyon. Kung kakatwang ipatutupad ang force evacuation, para na ring inaming “failure ang Zero Casualty program” ng gubyerno. (Barrio and barangay are used interchangeably and correspond roughly to the/ courtesy of:valoable1.webs.com)
          Community in the Capital: Monday & Tuesday        
As the sun rose on the Monday morning that commenced Week Five of our Aussie adventure, we began a new journey. Leaving Sydney behind, we traveled the East Coast of Australia for two weeks, encountering no internet, bitter cold temperatures, and an overwhelming amount of love. Here is everything that happened, beginning with our trip to the Capital - Canberra.

"Lake" George - you can see some water in the distance!
Jane and Joe picked me up at home on Monday morning, and after an incredibly surreal goodbye to Sarah P (who was heading off for holiday with some friends in Europe, no big deal) we picked up Sr. Rosemary and enjoyed the relaxing three-hour drive to Canberra. We stopped at an old country café for lunch and coffees, and even made a stop at “Lake George” (well, what used to be Lake George - it's a tad dried up now.. even a flock of sheep have found home there). Upon our arrival to the capital city in the late afternoon, we made our way to Australian Catholic University’s Signadou Campus. "Signadou" was founded by the Dominican Sisters in the 1960's and means "Sign of God" in aboriginal tribal language.

We took a tour of the campus, and Sr. Rosemary recounted stories of the "Dominican Days" (the staff is now run by lay faculty). During our wanderings we happened to meet Matt, the president of Signadou's Student Center (kind of like PC’s BOP), who was super friendly and showed us some of the posters from the events they put on last semester! We then made our way back to the administrative offices and met with Dr. Patrick McArdle, the Dean of Signadou - the same man we met back in the States in April! It was really great to see a face from home, even if America isn't exactly his home.
ACU's Signadou Campus!

(Recap: After being awarded Fr. Smith Fellowships, Fr. Robb informed us that Dr. McArdle was attending a few conferences in the New England area in April and wanted to stop by Providence to meet Joe and myself, as well as Clare and Cayla, the two Fr. Smith Fellows heading to Sydney and the Solomon Islands after us! We had dinner at a local eatery on a Friday night and Dr. McArdle talked about Australian culture and history with us for hours - it was the very first moment where the reality of Australia became... well, a reality!)

After catching up and debriefing him on our four week journey, we made our way over to ACU’s Campus Ministry office where we met Nick Seseljia, the ACU Campus Minister! Nick took us under his wing and brought us to the Center for Youth and Young Adults for the Diocese of Canberra. There, we met Daniela, Mary-Rose, and Liam, and enjoyed lots of laughs. Again, just like when we visited the JPII Center at Sydney Uni three weeks ago, I felt like I was transported back to PC’s Campus Ministry Center - the funny jokes, the teasing, the zero productivity (just kidding... kinda). Another taste of home, and I was beginning to like Canberra - against all of Sydney's warnings.

Casual mosaic in the hallway
Daniela was kind enough to take me and my luggage to my homestay for the week, which was with the lovely Nick and Jess, a young newlywed couple! We enjoyed some delicious lasagna and hummingbird cake prepared by Jess, and chatted for a good while about everything from food to college to the Catholic Church. When I got on to raving about PC, I learned that when Nick was in uni he actually studied abroad for a semester at Boston College! He said he remembered going to a PC vs. BC hockey game, but his memory of our mascot wasn't as clear ("It's a Phantom, right?") (I guess if you Google "PC mascot" he wasn't too far off). We followed up dinner with a viewing of Master Chef (One of the most popular shows Down Under, modeled after Top Chef) and Kath & Kim (an "Aussie Staple" that kind of makes fun of Aussie lifestyle – think of pretty much any NBC comedy).

Tuesday began with a refreshing shower, followed by some coffee and toast with Jess and Nick. Nick was then kind enough to drive me to the Youth Center, but first took me on a tour of all the unique Embassies around Canberra! The American Embassy was a cute, red-brick building complete with a white picket fence and an overzealous amount of security. At the Youth Center I met up with Joe and Nick, and we made our way to ACU for the day. From there, Nick introduced me to some of his friends taking the Religious Education course that I was scheduled to sit in on - one of whom was Matt that we met the day before! - and before I knew it, I was sitting in a classroom of 40 future teachers, taking notes in a college course. We spent the class discussing Catholic Social Teaching, a personal favorite of mine! It was really funny being back in the college classroom setting - besides the larger class size and the presence of a TA, it didn’t feel too different from PC. Mike and Matt really helped this by introducing me to everyone as their “exchange student friend, so be nice."

Fun Fact: Canberra was designed by an American architect!
After class I met Jane, Sr. Rosemary and Joe at the café for lunch and we chatted about the presence of Catholic parishes in US communities. It has been phenomenal having Joe with me during this trip, not only because he's a great friend, but because despite our similarities we have very different backstories. From our families (he is the oldest of six, I am the youngest of two), to our hometowns (he is from rural Maryland, I'm from suburban New York), to our schooling (he attended an all-boy's Catholic high school, I attended a co-ed public school), to our interests (he is studying biology, I avoid science like the plague), we have different perspectives to bring to the table that really highlight just how diverse America is. We may seem similar - white, Catholic, students (heck, we've been mistaken for siblings on this trip more times than I can count) - but we have had very different experiences in our lives. The amazing thing is how we have anything in common with these diverse experiences and different upbringings. God is pretty awesome like that.

The Australian War Memorial
After enjoying our coffees, we went to visit the Dhara Dooleridge Center at ACU and met Christine, the director of aboriginal students at the university. After chatting with her, Joe and I bid farewell to Sister and Jane for the evening and met up with Nick, who gave us a little tour of Canberra! He took us to the War Memorial, where the history geek in me relished in the ancient artifacts and the Australian perspective of the World Wars. Afterwards, we drove over to the Youth Center and met with Liam, Daniela and her sister Marie, who volunteers at the center. We made our way to Liam’s house (where Joe is staying for the week) for some tea and pizzas, and then went to the cinema! Liam and his roommates were great, and he even showed off some of his musical talent by playing some tunes for us on his electric fiddle! The night concluded with more tea, good conversation, and great company – in my opinion, the perfect ending to a wonderful day.

          Trade Agreement no closer to a Plus in economic cooperation relations for the Pacific        

June 14 this year marked the signing ceremony of the Pacific Agreement for Closer Economic Relations (PACER-Plus) Trade Agreement in Tonga. Ten countries that signed included Australia, New Zealand (the “Plus”), Samoa, Solomon Islands, Nauru, Tuvalu, Kiribati, Cook Islands, Niue, and Tonga. That event should have been a keystone ceremony. It should have been deferred, […]

The post Trade Agreement no closer to a Plus in economic cooperation relations for the Pacific appeared first on Devpolicy Blog from the Development Policy Centre.


          Solomon Islands a Plane Trip to Paradise        

Most of the travellers and visitors to the Tropical Solomon Islands need to stop on either side of their excursions to the Island Provinces in Honiara.

The post Solomon Islands a Plane Trip to Paradise appeared first on Go55s.


          1917-2017: Jack Kennedy at 100        
Jack kibitzing with Jimmy Durante
  
"Let the word go forth from this time and place - to friend and foe alike - that the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans; born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and bitter peace, proud of our ancient heritage, and unwilling to witness or permit the slow undoing of those human rights to which this nation, and to which we are committed today at home and around the world."
 
President Kennedy, 20 January 1961
 
That was then. This is now.
 
I wanted to write this one yesterday but was unable to get online for some silly reason. Forgive my tardiness on so important a centennial. Things happen, you know?
 
Ten years ago yesterday on the ninetieth anniversary of JFK's birth, I noted that a nation couldn't fall any further when placing Jack Kennedy in comparison with George W. Bush.
 
I stand corrected.

I can still remember what my Kennedy-Democrat old man was wearing on that unseasonably warm November day in 1963 when he told me, "The president's been shot". I was only three months and six days past my fifth birthday. As young as I was, something as historically profound as that doesn't really fade away very easily, you know? 
 
Whenever the American people are asked in a poll to name the greatest president in history, the answer is always overwhelmingly John F. Kennedy. The fact of the matter is that, although it's not unreasonable to place him in the top ten, he was not the greatest. I just wanted to get that out of the way.
 
It was difficult not experience profound ambivalence yesterday on reflecting on the one-hundredth anniversary of his birth. My emotions ranged between a sweet wistfulness and a blind freakn' rage. To paraphrase the great Mort Sahl, the fact that, in a little over fifty years, we can go from Kennedy to Trump only proves that Darwin was wrong. It also illustrates perfectly how completely dumbed down this country has become with the passage of time. When one views film footage of Kennedy's first European visit as president in 1961 - and compares it with the coverage of the Donald's nine-day-stomp last week - too many uncomfortable questions to list come immediately to mind; the first being: How is this possible? What does Donald Trump's very presence in the international spotlight say about our national character? I know at least a few of the answers to that question, but I'd rather not dwell on them now. Why depress you further?
 
From the New Frontier to Idiot Nation.

This was a man far from perfect. Like other great figures in American history, he was greatly flawed. But the frailties of character that made him all-too-human should not deflect our attention that this was a decent guy who wanted to do good by the country he loved; the country that he almost gave his life for in the Solomon Islands in 1943; the country that he did give his life for in Dallas, Texas in 1963. For a while at least, we were a better people because of Jack Kennedy. I just don't know if we are anymore.

By the way, one of the perks of being Irish Catholic is that we get to refer to President Kennedy as "Jack". NYAH!

I have a number of vinyl records of his speeches. That is one of the few blessings of living in modern times that I never take for granted. If only we could hear Lincoln's voice at Gettysburg. I'll probably curl up in front of the old turntable tonight and give those recordings a spin. It will be impossible not to reflect on all that was. It will be equally impossible to avoid reflecting on all that might have been - but for one demented jackass with a bad attitude and a high-powered rifle.

Was this a great country or what!

Tom Degan
Goshen, NY

SUGGESTED VIEWING:

Here is a link to view President Kennedy speech at American University on June 10, 1963. It is, I believe, the greatest of his career:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQHkNjXy5OU

As someone once remarked,

"He spoke to us then. He speaks to us still".

AFTERTHOUGHT:

On the fiftieth anniversary of the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band, the LP has been rereleased as a multi-track re-mix. The sound is indescribable. The  1987 CD release sounds like an Edison wax cylinder by comparison. Highly recommended for fans of the Fab Four Action Figures.

          Discovering Marvelous Munda in the Solomon Islands        

During my two weeks in the Solomon Islands, I explored Honiara, Gizo and literally took a 10min flight to Mundo from Gizo! My dive computer did not even recognize it as a flight we were so low in the sky. I had a window seat...

The post Discovering Marvelous Munda in the Solomon Islands appeared first on We Said Go Travel.


          What Famous History Happened in Honiara, Solomon Islands?        

On August 7, 1942, the Battle of Guadalcanal began and it was a turning point in World War II. I wanted to explore this area and learn more about the people, the culture and the history for this important 75th anniversary. Where are the Solomon...

The post What Famous History Happened in Honiara, Solomon Islands? appeared first on We Said Go Travel.


          Where to Go in Gizo, Solomon Islands?        

During March 2017, I traveled for my first visit to the Solomon Islands to learn about the World War II history and take part in the spectacular SCUBA diving. This article is one of a series from my adventures and focuses on where to go...

The post Where to Go in Gizo, Solomon Islands? appeared first on We Said Go Travel.


          A Day of Infamy - A Lifetime of Taciturnity        














As the United States slowly recovered from the great depression of the 1930s, there were few more exciting opportunities for a young man than a career in the United States Military. It offered a stable income, warm meals, a semi-comfortable bed, and the chance to "See The World!" Exotic ports of call awaited those who chose to spend a few years of their youth serving their country.

Pearl Harbor in the territory of Hawaii was the homeport of the Army Air Corp (AAC 7th AF) and the Navy Pacific Fleet, a wonderful "home away from home" for the men who preserved America's interests abroad. Though the European continent found itself embroiled in a bitter world war in the latter days of the 1930s, in the Pacific there was no hint of trouble. American ships and planes made routine patrols, practiced drills that most men thought would never be needed, and then returned to Pearl Harbor for periods of rest, relaxation, and recreation.

Although AAC personnel were still referring to themselves as the Army Air Corp, in fact, effective June 20, 1941, the ACC had then become known as the combat wing of the AAF (Army Air Force). Then just a few years later, on September 18, 1947, the United States Air Force (as we know it today) was born.

Hickam Field was completed and officially activated on Sept. 15, 1938. It was the principal army airfield in Hawaii and the only one large enough to accommodate the B-17 bomber. In connection with defense plans for the Pacific, aircraft were brought to Hawaii throughout 1941 to prepare for potential hostilities. The first mass flight of bombers (21 B-17Ds) from Hamilton Field, California, arrived at Hickam on May 14, 1941.

The B-17 was one of the major offensive weapons of WWII with the G model playing the major role in Allied bombardment. By December 1941, the AAC Hawaiian Air Force had been an integrated command for slightly more than one year and consisted of 754 officers and 6,706 enlisted men, with 233 aircraft assigned at its three primary bases (Hickam, Wheeler, and Bellows). During the war years, these bases played a major role in pilot training and aircraft assembly work, in addition to seeing as a supply center for both air arid ground troops. Hickam served as the hub of the Pacific aerial network, supporting transient aircraft ferrying troops and supplies to and evacuating the wounded.

The weekend of December 6 and 7, 1941, promised to be a great time for all Airmen, Marines, Soldiers, Sailors, Coast Guards, as well as the crews and support personnel. There wasn't the slightest hint of trouble; even the weather seemed to be smiling on the tropical port. However, for ten days prior to that weekend, Hickam Field was on full alert. It seemed as though they were expecting something to happen. No one was allowed to leave the base during this alert. Suddenly, for some unknown reason, on Saturday, December 6, 1941, the alert was lifted. Saturday night a wealthy Japanese banker held a big party for the officers at the Hickam Officer’s Club. Looking back, it appears as if that party were all part of a bigger plan.

When the sun rose that fateful Sunday morning, a 21 year old Military OCC Airplane Maintenance Technician from the State of Michigan, had little opportunity to be homesick; there was too much to see and do.

Lloyd Walter Grieve (Born: January 2, 1920 - Died: September 10, 1996) was called out early that morning, due to extensive morning drill exercises and maneuvers planned for the fleet of B17 Bombers stationed at Hickam.

Technician Grieve reported to Hickam Field on March 9, 1941, upon completion of his preliminary round of Mechanics and Maintenance Technician Training, at McChord Field near Seattle, Washington.


He joined up with the 880th Bomb Squadron, 383rd Bomb Group, and became a certified technician for most of the big bombers utilized by the AAC in WWII, including the B-17 and B-29 Bombers.

Glamour of the Air Corpe is usually consigned to flight personnel, but the fact is, it takes seven ground crew men to keep even pursuit ships in flying shape. Although the Bomber/Fighter Mechanics were little known or generally appreciated, it is their responsibility to maintain the power, accuracy and deadliness of each plane in the air forces' rapidly expanding armada. Though short on glamour, these men are long on what it takes to keep'em flying. For most, but unfortunately not for Lloyd Grieve, there was limited duty on this beautiful tropical Sunday morning, which was affording ample opportunity for most of the men to enjoy their brief stay in Paradise.

Out on the airstrip, the mighty B-17 Bombers that remained at Hickam Field, were being rolled out for preparation of the day's activities. And that is precisely why Grieve was already gathering his equipment for the day, at the break of dawn, while others were either sleeping in, preparing for Sunday service, breakfast, an early morning softball game, or simply to go down to the beach for a glimpse at the sunrise.

Like many who served in World War II, Grieve loved his country, respected his job, but never regarding himself as especially brave. Years later, whenever anyone would ask what had he done to receive so many commendation medals, Grieve would jokingly reply: "For being a damn fool!"

Grieve had, at one time or another, worked on many of the aircraft that were on hand at Hickam that morning, whose inventory included:

33 Douglas B-18 Bolo 2-engine standard bombers

12 Boeing B-17D Flying Fortress 4-engine bombers


13 Douglas A-20A Havoc 2-eng attack bombers


2 Douglas C-33 (DC-2) 2-engine fighters


* One of Hickam Field's Hangers on Dec. 6, 1941

A half mile away from Grieve's location, in the harbor, there were ninety-six ships that morning and no reason to expect any trouble. After all, the Honolulu Advertiser, that very morning, stated how Japanese Ambassador Nomura was going to meet with Secretary Cordell Hull in Washington that very morning to talk about peace.

As the hour 8 o'clock hour neared, just moments from the raising of the colors, all was peaceful and relaxed. On the USS Nevada the band was beginning the first strains of the National Anthem for the hoisting of the flag. The USS Tennessee reported very slight wind ripples on the water, and winds from the NE at 12 mph. The USS Oklahoma reported clear skies with "intermittent moving fleecy clouds."

It was now exactly 7:53 A.M. and events were about to unfold that would propel the United States into a World War that would ultimately cost more than a quarter-million American men and women their lives. On this day alone more than 2,400 men, women and children would die in Paradise.

Back at Hickam, Grieve was now on the Airfield, methodically reviewing his checklist prior to inspection and applying whatever adjustments were required. The ground crew was readily preparing for the arrival of the remaining B-17s which spent the previous days flying reconnaissance throughout the Pacific theatre.

Grieve and the others heard the distant roar, assuming the boys were now returning. Coming in at about 10,000 feet, those on the field could begin to see the shadows of a tremendous number of aircraft. This was the first sign that something was seriously wrong.

Just as that thought was sinking in, a black object could be seen exploding from the lead plane. As Grieve watched it turn its wings up, he then realized, these were not the B-17s. In seconds, the Rising Sun could be clearly seen on the side of the planes, indicating they were under attack from the Japanese.

The men couldn’t remember that they’d ever had any training on what to do in case of air raid. Some of the guys ran across the street into the parking lot. One was shot in the rump and, strangely, later died. The Squadron Commander Major Laverne G. “Blondie” Saunders, who was overseeing the preparation by the mechanics, came running from the officers quarters and slid under the belly of one of the B-17s, alongside the barracks, just as a Jap plane strafed him. He yelled to anyone that could hear him to get to the ‘flight line’ and to “get those planes airborne!”

A M/Sgt., in the 26th Bomb Squad, ordered his men to line up in formation to march to the hanger, but a Jap plane dropped a ‘Frag’ bomb and splattered many of them onto the walls. Immediately the 23rd Bomb Squad guys took off running on their own. As it was now, throughout Pearl Harbor, there was mass chaos everywhere.

At precisely 8:08 a.m. a searing flash and tremendous blast could be seen, heard and felt as one of the Jap planes fired an armor-piercing bomb, which detonated in the forward magazine
of the USS Arizona. The ship crumpled and sank, with nearly a thousand men trapped below, including Rear Admiral Isaac Campbell Kidd and the Arizona Captain Franklin Van Valkenbergh.

Like many others, Grieve had taken cover under the belly of one of the B-17’s, however, anything that resembled a plane or a hanger was now under fire by the Japanese attackers.

Somehow, despite numerous bullets and bombs, Lloyd Grieve found himself alive but buried up to his neck in the debris. Above all the noise and confusion, he could make out T/Sgt. “Shanty” O’Shea (who was hiding in the concrete bombsight vault, just outside the radio shack near the airfield, drunkenly yelling: "The Flag's Still Flying Fellas!"

Two of the mechanics, Bill Hamilton, and Lee Benbrooks, managed to dodge the fire and debris, and headed back to the barracks for pistols and helmets. They each grabbed a .30 caliber machine gun and ammo from the armament shack and ran out to install them in dispersed B-17’s. Lee got his gun going first and, not having tracer rounds in his ammo belt, was firing at Jap fighters without drawing return fire. But when Bill opened up with tracer fire, the Japs dove on them, and a bullet went thru the fuselage right between Lee’s legs.

The low-level attack eased up, but then silver planes, coming in over the mouth of the harbor, starting their bomb-drop at the far end of Hickam’s Hanger Row. They hit every hanger down the line including the 31st Bomb/4th econ squadrons’ hanger. The bombs meant for the 23rd and 72nd Squad’s hanger drifted off toward the barracks. Consequently the 23rd only had seven men killed during the raid.

Suddenly a plane came zooming down the line from the direction of the mountains. It was a P-40 fighter from Wheeler Field and was completely silhouetted by a hail of tracers from machine guns on top of the Marine Barracks at Pearl. The pilot kept dropping down, trying to keep the buildings and trees between him and those guns, until he was 10 feet off the ground. Some of those bullets fell around Grieve, still buried under the debris, on the airfield.

When it seemed the attack was over, Grieve was pulled out, and assumed KP duties, serving much needed nourishment to those who survived. Others were given permission to go back to the barracks. The Mess Hall in the center of the barrack wings had been hit by bombs and many died there.

By late morning, rumor had spread throughout the Harbor, that the Japs were mounting a follow up attack and that some planes had actually landed. For fear of hand to hand combat, orders were given to start digging fox holes. For Lloyd Grieve, his KP duties were abruptly ended for the time being as he joined the many others in the big dig.

The men stayed hunkered down in those fox holes for three days. They were instructed to 'shoot at anything that moved!'

It was intended as a preventive action to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from influencing the war, which Japan was planning to wage in Southeast Asia against Britain, the Netherlands, and the United States. The attack consisted of two aerial attack waves totaling 353 aircraft, launched from six Japanese aircraft carriers. These attacks sank four U.S. Navy Battleships (two of which were raised and returned to service late in the war) and damaged four more. The Japanese also sank or damaged three cruisers, three destroyers, and one minelayer, destroyed 188 aircraft, and caused personnel losses of 2,402 killed and 1,282 wounded. The power station, shipyard, maintenance, and fuel and torpedo storage facilities, as well as the submarine piers and headquarters building (also home of the intelligence section - which they did not appear to have too much of this day - were ironicially not hit). Japanese losses were minimal, at 29 aircraft and five midget submarines, with a mere 65 servicemen killed or wounded.

Hickam suffered extensive property damage, aircraft losses, and personnel casualties totaling 139 killed and 303 wounded. The bombing and strafing of Hickam Field was an important objective, because the success of the Japanese attack on the Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor was dependent on eliminating air opposition and precluding US planes from following their aircraft back to their carriers and bombing the task force. Once the threat was confirmed to be over, Grieve was approached by his superiors, who handed him a gun and told him to “start practicing son, we need a Tail Gunner and you’ve got the job!”

For the remainder, of the conflict in the Pacific, Technician Sgt. Lloyd Grieve assumed the position of Tail Gunner, on first the B-17s, and then later on the amazing Flying Fortress of the B-29s (which were introduced two years later). The B-29 Superfortress bomber was the single most complicated and expensive weapon produced by the United States during World War II.


The Tail Gunner's prime purpose was defending against enemy fighter attacks from the rear, or "tail", of the plane. For Tech. Sgt. Grieve, there was no time for extensive studies, his would be purely on the job training. As a gunner, he operated a flexible 1x20 mm cannon, or a 0.50 inch M2 Browning mounted machine gun emplacement, at the tail end of the aircraft, with a generally unobstructed view.

Over the next three and one-half years, Grieve would see duty as a gunner in some of the wars most famous battles, which includes: the Battle of Midway (1942) and the Solomon Islands campaign (1942-45).

It was a well known phenominom that the same complete crew never went up twice, due to one or more of the crewmen being killed. On one particular bombing mission, Tech. Sgt. Grieve was using an empty amunition crate as a seat situated at his Tail Gunner position. This particular battle had been intense and Grieve, as he was that December day on the airfield at Hickam, once they landed realized that he was lucky to be alive. The very crate, he had been using as a seat, now contained bullet holes, mere inches from Grieve 'buying the farm.'

As to his having survived all of the incredibly intense missions he flew on, as well as, the two near-death experiences, his surviving wife Barbara claims today that "it just wasn't his time!"

In early May 1945, while the most famous of the B-29 Bombers, was being testing and prepared for its maiden voyage to North Field, Tinian, in the Pacific, Tech. Sgt. Grieve, along with seven others, was originally named to the crew of this historic plane.


However, just two weeks later, Grieve was placed on sick call and sent back to Pearl Harbor for observation and treatment at Tripler General Hospital at Fort Shafter.

It was on June 4, 1945, just two days prior to allied troops storming the beaches at Normandy, that the decision was made, based on a undisclosed injury/llness and 'demobilization' , to end his distinguished military career.

Meanwhile, on August 5, 1945, somewhere in a Top Secret location in the Pacific, the Little Boy (Ll1) Atomic Bomb was being loaded onto the very same aircraft to which Tech. Sgt. Grieve had been assigned just three month previous. After 'Little Boy' was fully loaded, the name 'Enola Gay' was painted onto the nose of that B 29 Bomber.

And as they say the rest is history!

August 6: First Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
August 8: Soviets declare war on Japan
August 9: Second Atomic Bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan
August 14: Japanese agree to unconditional surrender
September 2: Japanese surrender, VJ Day
September 8: Japanese forces in China surrender
September 12: Japanese forces in southeast Asia surrender
October 24: United Nations officially comes into existence
October 25: Technician Sgt. Lloyd Walter Grieve is presented with a complete and honorable discharge.

When the war ended Lloyd W. Grieve was honored with a multitude of decorations and medals; which included:

* 4 Overseas Bars
* Silver Star Medal 23976
* GO #4
* Good Conduct Ribbon
* American Defense Service Ribbon
* 1 Battle Star
* Distinquished Unit Badge

* DFC GO #79 HQ USAF ISPA
* Lapel Button Star # 80 HQ USA

* DB Air Medal GO 13 USAF ISPA
* Among many others

He shall forever be remembered as a Great American, a Patriot (having been honored as part of the World War II Memorial in Washington D.C.), and he also just happens to be my beautiful wife Andrea (Andy's) father.

Throughout his entire life, Lloyd Grieve would never talk about the events of that dark day in Pearl Harbor. One can only imagine how horrific and traumatic it truly was.

Any chance at obtaining a complete account, from his perspective, was taken to the grave with him on September 10, 1996. He was survived by his wife Barbara (who resides in the City of Au Train in Michigan's upper peninsula); his sons Russell, Jeffrey and James; along with his daughters Andrea and Sheila. His memory has been blessed with many grandchildren and a growing list of great-grandchildren.

The research gathered for this rememberance, and tribute, was based on the limited information his wife Barbara and children have learned over the years, as well as, from accounts of those who were there that day, either as a Mechanic (who probably knew, and was working beside him) or crewmen at Hickam Field. I also utilized many military and army web sites which provided a vast knowledge of fact and information verification, including his missions throughout the Pacific Theatre, as well as his Enola Gay assignment.

In addition, as an important footnote, his son Jeffrey Grieve proudly served in the capacity of Search and Rescue for the U.S. Navy. And just like his father, Jeff was stationed in Hawaii at the Kaneohe Marinecorp Air Station at Kaneohe Bay, which just happens to be on that same island of Oahu.

While Lloyd's oldest son Russell (who himself proudly served in the U.S. Air Force) saw his own son enlist in the Army a few years back. Tony Grieve has now proudly servced in both Bosnia and Iraq (two tours of duty). Tony, like his grandfather, is a Mechanic for the Kiowa Aerial Recon & Attack Helicopters. At this time, he is considering making the military his career. He is now assigned to Military Police. We all thank Tony for his dedicated service to our country; asking for 'God's Blessings' and to keep him safe.

One final important and historical note regarding Tony, as he too was stationed in Hawaii, at the Wheeler Army Air Field, on the island of Oahu.

As we remember the events of 67 years ago today, I present this article and testament, on behalf of the entire Grieve family, in the loving memory of Lloyd Walter Grieve. And he would be so very proud to know that three generations of the Grieve Family, have now been stationed in Hawaii, with the sole purpose of protecting and defending these United States of America.

But only with, just maybe, a slight hint of feeling a 'damn fool!'


          Insight: Solomon Islands - Keeping the Peace        
After 14 years and $3 billion in support from Australia, New Zealand and other partners, do the Solomon Islands have a shot at lasting peace? RNZ Pacific's Koroi Hawkins investigates for Insight.
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          Youth with a Mission in Labasa        
I like the YWAM movement with young people encouraged to explore their faith and the world. We've met them in Melbourne at their headquarters in Surrey Hills, and also one time a group came to Geelong and led a wonderful youth program down at Eastern Beach.  A group have been in Labasa last week.

Youths spread gospel of Christ

Luke Rawalai
Saturday, June 17, 2017
IN an effort to spread the gospel of Christ, the Youth With A Mission (YWAM) has deployed 13 of its members from the Solomon Islands, Tonga and Samoa to carry out evangelistic work in Fiji.
This newspaper caught up with the young spirited youths in Labasa yesterday as they prepared their journey to Savusavu after spending a week in Labasa.
The group's spokesperson, Kovati Asotau, described his Fiji experience as amazing and an enjoyable one.
The 23-year-old Samoan YWAM representative said he just loved the weather in Vanua Levu.
"I loved meeting the people because they are some of the friendliest people I have ever seen," he said.
"The laid back Labasa Town reminds me so much of Apia compared with Suva which is busier and bigger.
"We have with us 13 youth missionaries who are part of this trip and we will be spending some time on Vanua Levu before moving to Viti Levu."
Mr Asotau said the youths paid for their trip through fundraising and money collected from donors.
"Most of us fasted and prayed for this trip and we felt the power of God provide for each one of us," he said.
Solomon Islanders Lydia Ialife and Robinson Kale considered it a blessing to be part of the trip.
Mr Kale said he was looking forward to the second and final leg of their trip, adding that he was trying to spread the Word of God and also soak in the Fijian experience which was a "one of a kind".

          First weekly update - Opportunities and News for Youth in ICT and Agriculture        
Being active on social media and different Agriculture networks, I come across several opportunities and news everyday, which is not always applicable to me, but may be important and useful to other youths in Agriculture and Rural Development (ARD). I believe that information sharing is very important in ARD and one of the new initiatives on this blog will be to post weekly updates on opportunities and news that are relevant for Youth in Agriculture. 

I am pleased to post the first of many weekly updates to come, and hope that it will be useful to you! :)

Opportunities
Vacancy: Evaluation Officer, CGIAR Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA), Rome
CGIAR is a global scientific research-for-development partnership consisting of the Consortium, Centers, CGIAR Funders, and Partners to implement its Strategy and Results Framework (SRF). As part the reform of the CGIAR, an Independent Evaluation Arrangement (IEA) Office has been established, located in FAO under the Fund Use Agreement between FAO and the CGIAR Fund. The main mandate of the IEA is to undertake strategic evaluation of major research programmes of the CGIAR, mostly through commissioning external consultants and to develop a coordinated and harmonized evaluation regime within the CGIAR.
Deadline: 17th December 2012

Vacancy: Research Officer/Associate Professional Officer CIFOR Systematic Reviews
The Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) advances human wellbeing, environmental conservation and equity by conducting research to inform policies and practices that affect forests in developing countries. We are one of 15 Centres within the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Our headquarters are in Bogor, Indonesia, and we have offices in Asia, Africa and South America.
CIFOR is seeking a full time Research Officer/Associate Professional Officer to support the work of the newly established Evidence-Based Forestry initiative at CIFOR.
Deadline: 19th December 2012

Internship opportunity for Francophone candidate: Communication, Web – e-Agriculture
e-Agriculture is a global Community facilitating dialogue and resources on the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for sustainable agriculture and rural development.
As part of the work of the Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research and Extension (OEK) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), e-Agriculture is committed to provide a professional learning opportunity for the Intern.
Deadline: 19th December 2012

Sony World Photography Awards 2013 - Youth Award
They are searching for the next generation of talented young photographers in this competition, open to anyone 19 and under. Whether you are studying photography in school or college, or just have a passion for taking photographs of your daily life, enter this competition for the chance to become the Sony World Photography Awards, Youth Award Winner. There are three great categories available to enter that will allow you to illustrate your blossoming photographic talent; Culture, Environment and People.
Deadline: 4th January 2013

Vacancy: Climate Change Communications and Information Officer, Suva – Fiji
SPC is the Pacific Island region’s principal technical and scientific organisation. It delivers technical, scientific, research, policy and training support to Pacific Island countries and territories in public health, geoscience, agriculture, forestry, water resources, disaster management, fisheries, education (community, TVET, standards and assessment), statistics, transport, energy, ICT, media, human rights, gender, youth and culture.
The Climate Change Communications and Information Officer is accountable to the Principal Climate Change Advisor and is responsible for effectively communicating SPC’s internal Climate Change Engagement Strategy and supporting Suva-based projects and related activities to its partners and diverse stakeholders. The appointment is for two years, renewable subject to performance and funding availability and the appointee will be located at SPC’s regional office in Suva, Fiji.
Deadline: 7th January 2013

Vacancy: Knowledge and Action Researcher, CGIAR, Solomon Islands
Worldfish is currently leading the implementation of the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems (AAS) which aims to improve the livelihoods of those left behind by the Green Revolution. Through an innovative, community-centered, participatory action research approach AAS aspires to think differently about how agricultural research is undertaken and to be open in sharing the knowledge and learning it gains to the broader community. The AAS Program is building its community-based research capacity and is looking for dynamic, energetic team players for this role.
Deadline: 11th January 2013

Agris Mundus Call for Applications 2013-2015
The Agris Mundus Call for Candidates 2013-2015 is now open! This Call is the First Round Call, closing on January 25, 2013, at 23.00 GMT.
Beware! The application requires two recommendation letters that your referees should upload in the application system. Ask them well in advance!
Note that the same application form is used for both the academic admission in the course and the award of Erasmus mundus scholarships.
Deadline: 25th January 2013

News
Mondato Newsletter
Rural agriculturalists often lack access to essential financial services, living beyond the reach of banks and mobile operators. Increasingly, mobile money providers are breaking down barriers to bring bank accounts to even the most remote populations.
In our first article we explore the myriad challenges to reaching the rural poor – from infrastructure and regulations, to financial literacy and marketing. We then survey a few mobile money innovators that are working in this space – designing creative services that address the specific needs of farmers.

Africa: UN Official Calls for Boost to Smallholder Farming (AllAfrica)
The African Green Revolution Forum held earlier this year in Arusha, Tanzania, aimed to put smallholder farmers at the center of the conversation about improving agricultural productivity in Africa. AllAfrica's Samantha Nkirote McKenzie spoke to Maria Helena Semedo, the Food and Agriculture Organisation's assistant director-general and regional representative for Africa, to discuss her views on the role of smallholder farmers and what key commitments and actions she hopes to see in the near future that will increase their productivity.

ICTs Delivering Home-Grown Development Solutions in Africa (World Bank)
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) innovations are delivering home-grown solutions in Africa, transforming businesses and driving entrepreneurship and economic growth, says a joint report by the World Bank and African Development Bank, with support from the African Union.

Supporting Self-Employed Farmers (NGO Pulse)
According to latest statistics 19.4 percent of South African households have inadequate or severely inadequate access to food. With the current economic situation, high unemployment and increasing food prices, providing for the basic needs of a family is becoming more and more difficult for many people around the world, including millions of South Africans. A growing global population makes the situation even more complicated. By 2050, some experts think there might not be enough food for everyone. Many international agencies, including the World Bank, are calling for agriculture and farming practices to be recognised as part of the solution.

Technology is king down on the farm (The News Journal)
You look at Brandon Bonk, and nothing much jostles that image of a farmer in your head. The farm’s in the wide nail beds on his weather-worn hands. It’s all over the leather gloves, once beige, now soiled brown with a hole in an index finger. It’s caked in mud from his knee-high Muck boots on the floor mat and pedals of his gun-metal gray pickup truck. But don’t be fooled. This 28-year-old fifth-generation farmer is a different breed.

Events
Future of Agriculture: Online Discussion blog (Oxfam)
The online discussion runs December 10 - December 21. Each day, we post one or two essays by leading thinkers on agriculture and food justice. We invite you to join the discussion: read the essays, post comments and share with your networks!

Resources

Videos

          Pacific correspondent Mike Field        
Chinese trade statistics prove revealing, Australia tries to block a Solomon Islands fibre link saying because its Chinese it threatens security and it is writ day in the Papua New Guinea elections.
          Weigh and deliver: compensation and the evolution of law and money        
Long before the invention of coins, the earliest written legal codes take for granted the existence of commodity money that served both as a medium for paying fines and compensation and as a unit of account and standard of value assessing such penalties. The rules throughout the Sumerian “Code” of Ur-Nammu [1], c. 2100–2050 BC. (about 1400 years before the invention of coinage), show us that standard weights of silver were being used as a unit of account and the actual medium of payment: the code specifically requires defendants adjudged guilty to “weigh and deliver” the specified weight of silver. Over half of the extant rules specify fine or damage payments in silver. The single rule specifying a silver payment that allows an alternative medium to be used calls it out as such: it specifies “he shall bring [a slave woman], if he has no slave woman, he shall instead weigh and deliver 10 shekels of silver; if he has no silver, he shall give him whatever of value he has.” (Law 24). 


“In Mesopotamia, the adoption of a silver standard that equated measures of barley with a set amount of silver is illustrated by a rare example of a spiral coil of silver, lengths of which were snipped off to pay debts.” Given a standard cross-section, equal lengths of wire gave equal weights of metal. Coils could be audited by snipping them at random points inspecting the cut section. [Link]


A medium for paying fines and damages implies that the recipient (for example the king for a fine, or the victim for compensation) could use that medium in further useful payments – likely for inheritance, tax, religious tithe, tribute, and exchange, among other transactions. (These transactions, and how money emerges from them, will be discussed in future posts). Indeed, the frequency with which a an intermediate good is used as a medium for paying legal penalties may serve as a useful proxy for how much value that good adds (i.e. how much in transaction costs its saves) to other transactions (including but not limited to legal penalties) involved in the circulation of that good.

 
Penalty
Frequency
Weigh and deliver weight of silver
19
Death
4
Defining state of slavery
2
Return of same or similar (measure and deliver volume of grain for injury involving grain)
2
Variable damages
2
Misc.
2
Unknown or no compensation
6

  Frequency of penalties in the “Code” of Ur-Namma [1]


 An Indo-European example: the Old Hittite laws


Penalty
Frequency
Weight of silver
71
Number of slaves
10
Enslavement
4
Death
11
Volume of barley
6
Return objects in same or similar form as item(s) found or stolen
40
Storable food (sheep, bread, and beer)
3
Sheep
7
Land
4
Estate division (land, slaves, livestock)
5
Variable damages
10
Misc.
7
Unknown or no compensation
18


Frequency of penalties in the Old Hittite Laws (c. 1650-1500 BC: still over 800 years before the invention of coinage) [2]



The ubiquity and deep age of compensation culture [3]

Institutions of blood money and compensation via standard forms of wealth for other injuries have been observed and recorded by missionaries, traders, and ethnologists in every branch of humans, including all major divisions of humans that left Africa as well as many who stayed. It is possible that this ubiquitous geographical scope reflects a shared cultural influence that is more recent than our shared ancestry in Africa (c. 70,000 BC) but prior to Columbus and Magellan. More likely, it reflects a common cultural and genetic heritage dating back to at least 70,000 BC before the exit of the ancestors of today’s Austronesian and Eurasian peoples from Africa. This is also suggested by the deep age and continuity of the shell bead tradition detailed here. Shell beads were the predominant form of compensation money in cultures that migrated out of the African and Eurasian core before the dawn of livestock agriculture and metallurgy, to such diverse places as Melanesia and the Americas. These patterns will be laid out in detail, from descriptions derived from traveler, missionary, and ethnographic literature, in future post(s).


‘Shell-money "Bakhia", Solomon Islands, used as "blood money"’ [Link]



Customary prices

Prior to the rise of efficient competitive markets, prices for goods were often specified by custom or law rather than negotiated. This served to conserve transaction costs in a high transaction cost culture where exchange relationships   resembled bilateral monopolies more closely than they resembled spot markets.  Bargaining costs were high, and indeed bargaining failure often resulted in violence and destruction rather than merely in no deal. This made focal points of negotiation, such as customary prices and customary compensation amounts for specific injuries, a quite valuable and ubiquitous part of most Neolithic and earlier cultures.  When specified by law, these rules setting prices were often intermingled with laws specifying legal penalties and used the same set of units: in the Mesopotamian and Anatolian law codes prior to coinage, most commonly weights of silver and volumes of barley.

Price unit
Frequency
Weight of silver
68
Volume of barley
6
Number of sheep
7
Labor or military service appurtenant to land
11
Other
1

Frequency of legally specified prices and rents in the Old Hittite Laws [2]


One can also think blood-money-type fixed damages (compensation) and fines as customary prices for injuries. As with customary prices for goods, customary prices for injuries conserved on the transaction costs of bilateral monopoly negotiations, in this case negotiations to settle legal disputes. Today this is solved, to the extent it is, by each side predicting what damages or punishments they expect a court to assess, and negotiating accordingly.


Copper spirals and gold discs, 4th millenium BC, Austria. Spiral armbands were among the earliest items worked from native copper, in what are now Serbia and Hungary, c. 5000-4500 BC. [Link]

 

Estimating deterrence and fairness: eye-for-eye vs. measured punishments