#13 La carta de los científicos a Rajoy: «Van a firmar la sentencia de muerte de la ciencia»        

#7 Probablemente el macaco coja el concepto antes.

» autor: Elrosquasard


          #11 La carta de los científicos a Rajoy: «Van a firmar la sentencia de muerte de la ciencia»        

Como que a estos les preocupa....

» autor: Elrosquasard


          How galaxies change the look of the universe        
STARSTUFF PODCAST: Galaxy evolution shows a dramatic drop in the ratio of spiral to elliptical galaxies. Also; astronomers find a nearby quasar powered by two supermassive black holes, and red sprites at night prove to be an astronaut's delight.
          Fall 2016 tech reading        
It's almost the end of the year, so here's another big list to go through while you wait at the airport on your way to your vacation.

Java

Streaming JSON and JAX-RS streaming

Java Strings

Data - Small and Big

Channels and Actors

Golang

Graphs

Misc Science/Tech

Misc - Fun, Tidbits

Happy holidays!

          Summer 2016 tech reading        

Hi there! Summer is here and almost gone. So here's a gigantic list of my favorite, recent articles, which I should've shared sooner.

Java

Other languages

Reactive programming

Persistent data structures

CRDT

Data

Systems and other computer science-y stuff

Fun/General

Until next time! Ashwin.

          Mesure de l'échelle des oscillations acoustiques de baryons dans la fonction de corrélation des forêts Lyman-alpha avec la distribution des quasars observés dans le relevé SDSS        
Hélion du MAS des BOURBOUX - DPhP - BAO - Du 08/09/2017 au 08/09/2017 - Soutenances de thèse - Bat 713, salle de séminaires Galilée CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers -
          How Panama Papers' sponsor George Soros made billions offshore        
 
The Independent provided this 1994 glimpse into how George Soros made billions with an offshore Netherlands Antilles fund using tax breaks which are now villified under the Panama Papers by the International Consortium of Journalists he sponsors.  The Quantum fund was formed by Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) instead of a Panama law firm.


Lifting the lid of the Soros money machine: 
In an exclusive journey through the labyrinthine empire of the master speculator, Stephanie Cooke and Charles Raw find gains are 'reallocated' to a charmed circle of associates

STEPHANIE COOKE and CHARLES RAW Saturday 5 March 1994


'I STILL consider myself selfish and greedy,' says George Soros. 'I am not putting myself forward as any kind of saint. I have very healthy appetites and I put myself first.'
Mr Soros is the man who made dollars 1bn when Britain left the European exchange rate mechanism in September 1992, earning him the status of a legendary investor. But that status was tarnished last month, when he lost a similar sum on the yen.

Nevertheless, he has set the tone for a new generation of large-scale professional investors who run so-called hedge funds on behalf of wealthy private clients. Markets regularly hang on his predictions for the course of gold, currencies and shares.

The size of these hedge funds means they are regularly singled out as the cause of seismic shifts in financial markets. That is putting Mr Soros into sharper focus, simply because he is the leader of the pack. If he should falter, the knock-on effect could be widespread.

That is why central banks have started to ask questions about unregulated offshore operations such as his.

Ever the master of public relations, Mr Soros welcomed the central banks' probe. 'I feel there is an innate instability in unregulated markets,' he told the Reuters news agency.

Until now, however, remarkably little has been known about how the Soros financial empire is organised.

The first detailed analysis of the funds' published documents reveals that he has created a complex and bizarre financial creature in which the interests of Mr Soros, his family, close friends and key executives in the business are incestuously intertwined with those of his public investors.

Some of those investors may not have noticed that in the past few years Mr Soros has altered the structure of the organisation so as to reallocate some of the profits in favour of his private circle.

Mr Soros started his offshore fund operation with dollars 4m in 1969, at the age of 39, after learning the arbitrage and investment business in London and New York.

He appears from the start to have aimed at wealthy individuals and professional European investors. He told prospective clients that the purpose of his key Quantum fund was 'to enable sophisticated investors to participate in an internationally diversified investment portfolio'. The Quantum fund is active in currency, commodity and interest- rate markets as well as equities and fixed-interest securities.

Later, in the early 1980s, Soros honed to perfection the technique of charging buyers a premium based on the supply and demand of fund shares.

Normally an open-ended investment fund is sold or redeemed at net asset value, with a sales charge added or an administrative charge deducted. But the Quantum fund can issue shares at a premium to its net asset value. The premium, however, is not based on an open market value.

Instead it is set by the fund's managing director, Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) in Curacao in the Netherlands Antilles. This is declared to be 'by or at the direction of the fund's board of supervisory directors', which is chaired by Alberto Foglia of the Banca del Ceresio in Lugano, Switzerland. Its seven other members are mainly European bankers and brokers, including in London the renowned fund manager Nils Taube of Lord Rothschild's St James's Place Capital.

In the late 1980s the Quantum fund's documents stated that the premium would not rise above 25 per cent. As the premium for buying the fund was as low as 1 per cent during that period, it was not an unduly onerous restriction. But in the past few years, as the fund's fortunes have risen, the restriction has been quietly dropped and the premium soared at one point to nearly 40 per cent. After the Japanese loss last month, it dropped four points to 35 per cent, but is now back to 36 per cent.

Possibly to avoid problems with the US authorities, Soros states that his funds are barred to Americans - whether in the US or abroad. At least one exception to this is Soros himself, who became a US citizen in 1961.

By 1972 the fund was worth dollars 20m. For reasons not made clear in recent documents, the operation was relaunched under the Quantum name in 1973. The fund was registered in the Netherlands Antilles, but Soros ran it from New York through Soros Fund Management. No information is given about this firm's precise corporate status, other than that it has always been wholly owned by him personally.

Although Soros now leaves the running of SFM to his executives, the documents state that in his 'personal capacity, he manages a securities trading partnership formed for the benefit of members of the Soros family and several other family accounts'.

By the end of 1980 the fund was worth more than dollars 380m and the net asset value of each share had risen by almost 4,400 per cent. In 1981 Quantum shares fell by 23 per cent, their first drop in value, and the fund nearly halved to dollars 193m. The following year a new category of share was created - the B share - in which Soros placed money invested by himself and his trusts and charities. His own main investment in the fund is now via these shares. It is through them that he apparently exercises control over the fund, although the voting rights of these shares are not explained in more recent documents. He can and does convert B into A shares from time to time, but these are primarily held by outsiders. No single external investor is allowed to exercise more than 4.9 per cent of the votes.

Although the fund recovered and grew once more, it hit another rocky patch in the late 1980s when more investors were selling Quantum shares than were buying. Around this time Soros made serious efforts to expand his operation.

In 1989, in spite of the fact that very few investors came into the fund, the net asset value of Quantum increased by 31.6 per cent.

Mr Soros had demonstrated the magical effect of simple mathematics, something not immediately apparent to laymen. Because of the high number of redemptions during 1989, the benefits were divided among fewer shares, so the net asset value still rose.

By then the operation was working as follows. Under an agreement approved by shareholders in 1988, Soros Fund Management is paid a basic investment advisory fee of 1 per cent a year, payable monthly. But the real cash cow is the annual performance fee. The fee is mainly composed of a sum equal to 15 per cent of any increase in net assets resulting from the fund's operation - before the deduction of the performance fee itself, of course.

There is another element in the fee - 15 per cent 'in net assets resulting from premiums realised on fund share subscriptions and premiums or discounts realised on fund share redemptions'.

Although the fund can issue shares at a premium direct to investors and - as is normal with open-ended funds - redeem them, in practice Quantum acts differently.

It has a subsidiary called Quasco which sells Quantum shares at a premium and buys them back either at a smaller premium or, should the situation arise, a discount of up to 1 per cent. Quasco makes a profit from the margin between the premiums charged to buyers and the price offered to sellers. In recent years the margin has been around 4-5 per cent.

Quasco's accounts are not available, but it is clear it makes a substantial amount of money through these dealings. This money has historically been reinvested in the fund and SFM has taken its 15 per cent cut.

Indeed, the very fact that the money was ploughed back has been used as a strong promotional point by brokers selling the funds.

But in 1991 things started to change. In a significant restructuring of the operation that included the launch of new funds, Mr Soros began the 'reallocation' of some of the gain for 'selected persons associated with SFM'.

By then Mr Soros had apparently finally decided that Quantum's growth had to be curtailed. In February of that year he announced the biggest distribution so far: dollars 4,000 per share, a total of dollars 611m. To satisfy investors who did not want cash, he offered shares in a new fund, Quasar International.

Quasar was a different animal to Quantum. Instead of investing directly in securities, it would invest only in one entity - Quasar International Partners. That in turn would carry out investment activities under advice from SFM. But Quasar, like Quantum, had a dealing subsidiary, Quinter.

The fund was not the only investor in the partnership, however. Mr Soros, 'certain members of his family and other selected persons associated with the partnership's management' also joined the club.

The Quasar fund has had a very successful run. In only its second year of operation it showed an increase in net asset value per share of 56.2 per cent, following a 44.9 per cent rise the previous year.

The accounts for the year ending 31 January 1993 show that of the dollars 18.2m netted on premiums, dollars 5.6m was 'reallocated to other partners'. In the previous year they were allotted dollars 2.55m in premiums. These reallocations were based on their share of the partnership, which had risen from 24.6 per cent at the outset to 29 per cent by the end of the second year, partly because of the reallocations.

Thus Mr Soros, his family and key members of his management team had effectively increased the membership dues for Quantum's sophisticated investors in the fund, and helped to dilute the fund's interest in the partnership.

In the explanatory memorandum about Quasar, Mr Soros explained that 'the Fund's net profit or loss from transactions in the Fund shares (whether realized directly or through Quinter) generally is accounted for as if earned by the Partnership, and thus is shared among the Fund and the other partners.'

Close examination of the accounts also reveals that the 'selected persons' appear to have benefited in another way from the establishment of the partnership.

In April 1991 Soros told Quantum shareholders that they had subscribed for a total of dollars 541m in 'Quasar', without specifying whether he meant the fund or the partnership.

In fact the accounts reveal that while dollars 541m of Quantum's assets were indeed transferred to the Quasar partnership, the Quasar fund's initial net asset value was only dollars 493m - a difference of dollars 48m.

The Quantum investors choosing to invest in Quasar were thus effectively paying a premium of about 9.5 per cent for their new shares.

Another discrepancy appeared in the calculation of the net asset value at the end of the second year. While the fund's holding of the partnership at that time was 71 per cent, when it came to dividing up the net increase in the partnership's capital resulting from operations, the fund got only 67.1 per cent. This is possibly because the 'selected persons' do not pay advisory fees.

The pattern for spinning off new funds had been set.

When Quantum's next distribution of dollars 1.166m was made in February 1992, two further funds were launched: Quota and Quantum Emerging Growth.

Quota was different because it would be managed entirely by outside advisers (but, of course, under SFM's overall direction).

Quantum Emerging Growth remained inside the SFM stable - but its performance fee was set at 20 per cent and also spawned a partnership arrangement similar to the Quasar operation. In effect, therefore, it too raised the stakes for the growing ranks of investors in what was by this stage fast becoming the Soros phenomenon.

This time, though, there was no discrepancy between the assets of Quantum transferred to the partnership and the new fund's equity stake, according to the accounts issued for the first 15 months to 31 March 1993.

During that period the 'selected persons' put some dollars 100m into the partnership. Their share rose from less than 5 per cent at the outset to 15 per cent at the end of the period. Their allocation of the dollars 40m in profits, generated by the premiums from dealings in the fund's shares, was dollars 4.7m.

As the fund's fortunes rocketed, self-restraint among its management seemed to wane. The 25 per cent restriction on the premium had long since disappeared.

Then it spawned two property funds, each with a high- profile partner.

One, Quantum Realty Trust, was with Paul Reichmann, whose Olympia & York operation had collapsed as a result of the financial drain of the Canary Wharf development in London's Docklands.

The other, Quantum UK Realty Fund, was with John Ritblat of British Land. Again, capital was provided partly out of distributions from Quantum and Quasar as well as by Mr Soros and his family, but also this time by other participants.

Although the structure of these new funds is highly complex, they are essentially closed- end operations. What may not have been noticed was that in June 1993 the directors of the open-ended flagship - the Quantum fund - removed an important investment restriction: a prohibition on direct investment in property.

Until the audited accounts for 1993 are available (they are expected to be out in May or June), investors will not know whether advantage has been taken of this change, or what effect it may have had on the liquidity of the fund.

Last year, Quantum quietly transformed itself. On 1 August 'substantially all' of Quantum's assets and liabilities were transferred to a new Curacao partnership, Quantum Partners.

As with Quasar and Quantum Emerging Growth, the Quantum fund is not the only partner. 'Selected persons associated with SFM' - including SFM's managing directors - subscribed for 1.3 per cent of the new partnership's net equity.

In effect they were getting a share in Quantum without having to pay a premium. Already by the end of September their share of the net equity had risen to 1.9 per cent - dollars 78m - and, as with Quasar and Quantum Emerging, they would get a share of the net premiums made from dealings in the flagship fund.

Again, just how much this will be will not be known until the 1993 accounts are available. But in 1992 such dealings contributed dollars 68m towards the rise in the fund's net asset value.

Additionally, SFM's managing directors and 'trusts and charitable foundations created by them' have taken an insurance policy on the future of the fund. This comes in the form of dollars 220m of convertible debentures that pay 6 per cent a year and are convertible in 2003 into partnership shares at 120 per cent of their net asset value on the issue date. They may be worth considerably more than that by then.

In the great tidal wave of money into the Soros empire, which at the end of 1993 stood at dollars 4.9bn for Quantum alone and more than dollars 10bn for the whole group, there is another sum that may one day cause repercussions of its own: the size of the performance fee that SFM leaves in the fund. At the end of 1992, the latest reckoning available, that totalled nearly dollars 550m.

These deferred fees are so structured that they share in the appreciation of the fund, but investors are given no clear picture of when SFM can or will withdraw them.

It is curious that Mr Soros has not yet taken this money out, since it would be one way of reducing the size of the funds. But to take it out quickly now might suggest he was losing confidence in his own creation.



See full text in http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/lifting-the-lid-of-the-soros-money-machine-in-an-exclusive-journey-through-the-labyrinthine-empire-1427341.html




          HCS Alto Performance Vyrus@Thundersprint        

Obviously, this is not an FF, but it is a very successful hub centre steered machine. Developed by the Shaughnessy Brothers of Alto Performance, this Ducati-powered, Vyrus-derived machine has been ridden with great success by Phil Read Junior. In both 2008 and 2009 it was by far the fastest machine at the Thundersprint, where it holds the course record. The seat is really very high though. Phil Read Junior, pictured here sitting on the bike, is much taller than his Quasar-loving, 8 times world champion father. This photo taken at 2009 Thundersprint by Paul Blezard.

HCS Alto Performance Vyrus@Thundersprint
          Quasar 002        

New shocks, repainted wheels and t-cut. Currently being repainted.

Quasar 002
          Vụ nổ lớn        
xem bài của Zạ Trạch trên từ điển bách khoa Wikipedia

Vụ Nổ Lớn là một lý thuyết khoa học về nguồn gốc của vũ trụ. Lý thuyết đó phát biểu rằng vũ trụ được bắt đầu từ một điểm kỳ dị có mật độ vật chất và nhiệt độ lớn vô hạn tại một thời điểm hữu hạn trong quá khứ. Từ đó, không gian đã mở rộng cùng với thời gian và làm cho các thiên hà di chuyển xa nhau hơn tạo ra một vũ trụ giãn nở như chúng ta thấy ngày nay.

Ý tưởng trung tâm của lý thuyết này là quá trình vũ trụ đang giãn nở. Nó được minh chứng bằng các thí nghiệm về dịch chuyển đỏ của các thiên hà (định luật Hubble). Điều đó có nghĩa là các thiên hà đang rời xa nhau và cũng có nghĩa là chúng đã từng ở rất gần nhau trong quá khứ và quá khứ xa xưa nhất, cách đây khoảng 13,7 tỷ (13.7 × 109) năm, là một điểm kỳ dị. Từ "vụ nổ lớn" được sử dụng trong một nghĩa hẹp, đó là một thời điểm trong thời gian khi sự mở rộng của vũ trụ bắt đầu xuất hiện, và theo nghĩa rộng, đó là quá trình tiến hóa, giải thích nguồn gốc và sự phát triển của vũ trụ.

Lịch sử

Lý thuyết Vụ Nổ Lớn được đưa ra dựa trên cơ sở của các thành tựu của lý thuyết và thực nghiệm. Về mặt thực nghiệm, năm 1910, nhà khoa học Vesto Slipher và sau này là Carl Wilhelm Wirtz đã xác định rằng hầu hết các tinh vân hình xoáy ốc đang rời xa Trái Đất, nhưng họ không nhận ra ý nghĩa của việc này, họ cũng không nhận ra được là các tinh vân đó là các thiên hà ở ngoài Ngân Hà của chúng ra.

Cũng vào những năm 1910, lý thuyết tương đối rộng của Albert Einstein thừa nhận một vũ trụ không tĩnh tại. Vũ trụ được mô tả bằng một ten sơ metric là một vũ trụ đang giãn nở hoặc đang co lại. Nhưng bản thân Einstein lại cho rằng một vũ trụ như thế là sai và ông đã bổ sung một hằng số vũ trụ, có tác dụng như một lực hút để có thể mô tả một vũ trụ tĩnh tại. Người đầu tiên nghiên cứu thuyết tương đối rộng một cách nghiêm túc mà không cần đến hằng số vũ trụ là Alexander Friedmann, và ông đưa ra các phương trình mô tả cho vũ trụ Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker.

Năm 1927, một thầy tu dòng tên người Bỉ là Georges Lemaître cũng đưa ra các phương trình Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker một cách độc lập dựa trên các quan sát về sự lùi xa của các tinh vân hình xoáy ốc, và giả thiết rằng vũ trụ bắt đầu từ một "vụ nổ" của một "nguyên tử nguyên thủy" mà sau này gọi là "Vụ Nổ Lớn".

Năm 1929, Edwin Hubble đã đưa ra các cơ sở thực nghiệm cho lý thuyết của Lemaître. Hubble chứng minh rằng, các tinh vân hình xoáy ốc là các thiên hà và ông đo khoảng cách giữa chúng bằng các ngôi sao Cepheid. Ông phát hiện ra rằng các thiên hà đang rời ra xa chúng ta theo tất cả các hướng với vận tốc tỷ lệ với khoảng cách giữa chúng. Sự giãn nở này được gọi là định luật Hubble.

Do sự giới hạn của nguyên lý vũ trụ, định luật Hubble gợi ý rằng vũ trụ đang giãn nở. Điều này cho phép hai khả năng trái ngược nhau có thể xảy ra. Khả năng thứ nhất là lý thuyết về vụ nổ lớn của của Lemaître, và sau đó được George Gamow mở rộng là đúng. Khả năng thứ hai là vũ trụ tuân theo mô hình trạng thái dừng của Fred Hoyle, trong đó, vật chất được tạo ra khi các thiên hà chuyển động ra xa khỏi nhau. Theo mô hình của Hoyle, vũ trụ gần như không đổi theo thời gian. Thực ra chính Hoyle là người đã đặt tên cho lý thuyết của Lemaître một cách mỉa mai trên một chương trình của đài BBC vào năm 1949 là "vụ nổ lớn", đến năm 1950 cái tên trên mới được in ở trên các bài báo.

Trong rất nhiều năm, ý tưởng này vẫn gây nhiều tranh cãi. Tuy nhiên, có nhiều bằng chứng thực nghiệm ủng hộ ý tưởng cho rằng vũ trụ bắt đầu từ một trạng thái đặc nóng. Từ khám phá bức xạ phông vi sóng vũ trụ vào năm 1965 thì lý thuyết vụ nổ lớn được coi là lý thuyết tốt nhất để mô tả nguồn gốc và tiến hóa của vũ trụ.

Trước những năm cuối của thập kỷ 1960, rất nhiều nhà vũ trụ học nghĩ rằng điểm kỳ dị có mật độ vô hạn tại thời điểm bắt đầu của thời gian trong mô hình vũ trụ của Friedmann có thể không đúng nếu trước đó, vũ trụ ở pha co lại nhưng khi đến gần các thiên hà trượt qua nhau và chuyển sang pha giãn nở như hiện nay. Richard Tolman gọi vũ trụ như thê này là vũ trụ dao động. Tuy nhiên, vào những năm 1960, Stephen Hawking và những người khác chứng minh rằng vũ trụ như thế không thể tồn tại và điểm kỳ dị là một đặc điểm quan trọng nhất của vật lý được mô tả bằng lý thuyết hấp dẫn của Einstein. Điều này thuyết phục phần lớn các nhà vũ trụ học chấp nhận vũ trụ được mô tả bằng lý thuyết tương đối rộng được sinh ra tại một thời điểm hữu hạn trong quá khứ. Tuy nhiên, vì lý thuyết hấp dẫn lượng tử chưa hoàn thiện nên không có cách nào kiểm chứng điểm kỳ dị tại Vụ nổ lớn là một điểm khởi đầu cho vũ trụ và cũng không thể nào nói rằng vũ trụ có tuổi vô hạn.

Ngày nay, tất cả các công trình lý thuyết về vũ trụ học đều là phần mở rộng hoặc hiệu chỉnh lại lý thuyết Vụ nổ lớn ban đầu. Rất nhiều các công trình hiện nay về vũ trụ học bao gồm việc nghiên cứu sự hình thành của các thiên hà trong bối cảnh sau Vụ nổ lớn, tìm hiểu cái gì đã xảy ra tại Vụ nổ lớn và so sánh các kết quả thực nghiệm với lý thuyết.

Việc nghiên cứu về Vụ nổ lớn có những bước tiến bộ vượt bậc vào những năm 1990 và những đầu năm của thế kỷ 21 nhờ vào sự phát triển của kỹ thuật kính thiên văn kết hợp với một lượng lớn các dự liệu vệ tinh như Máy thăm dò phông vũ trụ (COBE), kính thiên văn không gian Hubble và Máy dò dị hướng vi sóng Wilkinson (WMAP). Các dữ liệu này cho phép các nhà vũ trụ học tính toán rất nhiều thông số về Vụ nổ lớn với độ chính xác cao và cho ra khám phá bất ngờ là sự giãn nở của vũ trụ không phải là đều mà đang được gia tốc. (Xem năng lượng tối).

Mô tả lý thuyết

Dựa trên các phép đo về sự giãn nở của vũ trụ bằng sao siêu mới loại I, các phép đo về sự trồi sụt của bức xạ phông vi sóng vũ trụ và các phép đo về hàm liên kết của các thiên hà, người ta xác định được tuổi của vũ trụ là 13.7 ± 0.2 tỷ năm. Kết quả giống nhau của ba phép đo độc lập này được coi là bằng chứng thuyết phục cho một mô hình gọi là mô hình Lambda-CDM mô tả chi tiết tính chất của vũ trụ.

Vũ trụ vào giai đoạn sớm là một vũ trụ đồng nhất và đẳng hướng với mật độ năng lượng, nhiệt độ và áp suất cực cao. Sau đó đó vũ trụ nở ra, lạnh đi và trải qua một quá trình chuyển pha giống như sự ngưng tụ của hơi nước hoặc sự đóng băng của nước khi nhiệt độ giảm xuống, tất nhiên là không phải sự chuyển pha của phân tử nước mà là của các hạt cơ bản.

Khoảng 10-35 giây sau kỷ nguyên Planck, một loại chuyển pha làm cho vũ trụ trải qua giai đoạn phát triển theo hàm mũ được gọi là giai đoạn lạm phát vũ trụ. Sau khi quá trình lạm phát kết thúc, thành phần của vũ trụ gồm các plasma quark-gluon (gồm tất cả các hạt khác, một số thực nghiệm gần đây gợi ý có thể vũ trụ lúc đó là một loại chất lỏng quark-gluon)[1] (http://www.aip.org/pnu/2005/split/728-1.html). Các hạt này đều chuyển động tương đối. Khi vũ trụ tiếp tục gia tăng kích thước thì nhiệt độ tiếp tục giảm. Tại một nhiệt độ nhất định, một giai đoạn mà hiện nay người ta vẫn chưa biết hết về nó gọi là quá trình sinh hạt baryon, tại đó, các quark và gluon kết hợp với nhau để tạo nên các hạt baryon, như là proton và neutron, và bằng cách nào đó mà thể hiện tính phi đối xứng giữa vật chất và phản vật chất. Nếu tiếp tục hạ nhiệt độ thì sẽ dẫn đến nhiều quá trình chuyển pha có tính đối xứng bị phá vỡ hơn và làm cho các lực vật lý và các hạt cơ bản tồn tại ở trạng thái như chúng ta thấy ngày nay. Sau đó, một số proton và neutron kết hợp với nhau để hình thành các hạt nhân nguyên tử deuterium và hêli, quá trình này gọi là sự tổng hợp hạt nhân vụ nổ lớn. Khi vũ trụ tiếp tục bị nguội đi, vật chất không còn chuyển động với vận tốc tương đối nữa và mật độ năng lượng do khối lượng nghỉ thể hiện dưới dạng hấp dẫn sẽ thống trị mật độ năng lượng thể hiện dưới dạng bức xạ. Khoảng 300.000 năm sau vụ nổ lớn, các điện tử và các hạt nhân kết hợp với nhau tạo nên các nguyên tử (phần lớn là hiđrô); do đó, bức xạ được tách khỏi vật chất và tiếp tục truyền trong không gian mà hầu như không bị cản trở. Dấu vết của bức xạ này tồn tại đến ngày nay chính là bức xạ phông vi sóng.

Theo thời gian, một số vùng có mật độ vật chất cao hơn sẽ hút nhau do lực hấp dẫn và càng làm cho các vùng đó đặc hơn nữa để hình thành nên các đám mây vật chất, các ngôi sao, các thiên hà và các cấu trúc vũ trụ mà chúng ta quan sát được ngày nay. Chi tiết của quá trình này phụ thuộc vào lượng và loại vật chất trong vũ trụ. Có ba loại vật chất được biết là vật chất tối lạnh, vật chất tối nóng và vật chất thường. Các phép đo thực nghiệm cho thấy rằng dạng vật chất tối lạnh thống trị vũ trụ, nó chiếm đến hơn 80% khối lượng, trong khi hai loại vật chất kia chỉ chiếm chưa đến 20% khối lượng.

Về mặt năng lượng thì vũ trụ hiện nay có vẻ như bị thống trị bởi một dạng năng lượng bí ẩn được gọi là năng lượng tối. Khoảng 70% mật độ năng lượng toàn phần của vũ trụ tồn tại ở dạng này. Sự có mặt của dạng năng lượng này được suy ra từ sự sai khác giữa sự giãn nở của vũ trụ và công thức liên hệ giữa tốc độ - khoảng cách làm cho không thời gian giãn nở nhanh hơn trông đợi tại các khoảng cách lớn. Năng lượng tối xuất hiện như là một hằng số vũ trụ trong các phương trình Einstein của lý thuyết tương đối rộng. Nhưng bản chất, các chi tiết về phương trình trạng thái, và mối liên hệ với mô hình chuẩn của vật lý hạt vẫn còn chưa sáng tỏ và cần được nghiên cứu cả về lý thuyết lẫn thực nghiệm.

Tất cả các quan sát đều được giải thích bằng mô hình Lambda-CDM, trong đó, mô hình toán học về vụ nổ lớn có sáu thông số tự do. Bí ẩn xuất hiện khi người ta quan sát gần điểm khởi đầu, khi mà năng lượng của các hạt lớn hơn năng lượng mà các thực nghiệm chưa đạt được. Hiện không có mô hình vật lý nào mô tả vũ trụ ở thời điểm trước 10-33 giây, trước thời điểm chuyển pha được gọi là lý thuyết thống nhất lớn. Tại thời khắc ngắn ngủi đầu tiên này, lý thuyết Einstein về hấp dẫn tiên đoán một điểm kỳ dị hấp dẫn, tại đó mật độ vật chất trở nên vô hạn. Để giải quyết nghịch lý vật lý này, người ta cần đến lý thuyết lượng tử hấp dẫn. Đó là một trong những vấn đề chưa giải quyết được trong vật lý.

Cơ sở lý thuyết

Lý thuyết Vụ Nổ Lớn ngày nay dựa trên ba giả thuyết sau:

1. Tính phổ quát của các định luật vật lý
2. Nguyên lý vũ trụ học
3. Nguyên lý Copernic

Ban đầu, các giải thuyết trên chỉ được thừa nhận nhưng ngày nay có rất nhiều thực nghiệm kiểm tra tính đúng đắn của chúng. Tính phổ quát của các định luật vật lý được chứng minh là đúng đắn vì các sai số lớn nhất về hằng số cấu trúc tinh tế trong một khoảng thời gian bằng tuổi của vũ trụ chỉ cỡ khoảng 10-5. Tính dị hướng của vũ trụ xác định nguyên lý vũ trụ và được kiểm nghiệm với độ chính xác 10-5 và vũ trụ được xác định là đồng nhất trên quy mô lớn với độ sai số khoảng 10%. Hiện nay người ta vẫn đang trong quá trình kiểm tra nguyên lý Copernic bằng cách nghiên cứu tương tác giữa các đám thiên hà bằng CMB thông qua hiệu ứng Sunyaev-Zeldovich với độ chính xác 1%.

Lý thuyết Vụ Nổ Lớn sử dụng giả thuyết Weyl để đo thời gian tại bất kỳ thời điểm nào sau kỷ nguyên Planck. Các phép đo này dựa trên các tọa độ quy chiếu trong đó khoảng cách quy chiếu và thời gian quy chiếu đã loại bỏ sự giãn nở của vũ trụ trên quan điểm của các phép đo không-thời gian. Khoảng cách quy chiếu và thời gian quy chiếu được định nghĩa sao cho các vật thể chuyển động trong các vũ trụ giãn nở khác nhau có cùng một khoảng cách và các chân trời hạt hay các giới hạn quan sát (của một vũ trụ nào đó) được xác định bởi thời gian quy chiếu.

Vì vũ trụ có thể được mô tả bởi các tọa độ như vậy, vụ nổ lớn không phải là một vụ nổ trong đó vật chất được phóng ra và lấp đầy một vũ trụ trống rỗng; cái đang giãn nở chính là không-thời gian. Đó chính là sự giãn nở làm cho khoảng cách vật lý giữa hai điểm cố định trong vũ trụ của chúng ta tăng lên. Các vật thể liên kết với nhau (ví dụ bị liên kết bởi lực hấp dẫn) thì không giãn nở cùng không-thời gian vì các định luật vật lý điều khiển chúng được giả thiết là đồng nhất và độc lập với các giãn nở metric. Hơn nữa, sự giãn nở của vũ trụ tại nấc thang cục bộ ngày nay quá nhỏ nên nếu có sự phụ thuộc nào của các định luật vật lý vào sự giãn nở thì sự phụ thuộc đó cũng rất nhỏ làm cho các máy đo không thể xác định được.

Bằng chứng thực nghiệm

Nói chung, có ba bằng chứng chủ yếu ủng hộ lý thuyết vụ nổ lớn về nguồn gốc vũ trụ. Đó là định luật Hubble cho thấy sự giãn nở của vũ trụ dựa trên sự dịch chuyển đỏ của các thiên hà; việc tìm ra bức xạ phông vi sóng vũ trụ; và sự thống trị của các nguyên tố nhẹ. (Xem thêm tổng hợp hạt nhân Vụ Nổ Lớn). Hơn nữa, các hàm liên kết của các cấu trúc tại các nấc thang vĩ mô của vũ trụ hoàn toàn trùng khớp với lý thuyết Vụ Nổ Lớn.

Định luật Hubble về sự giãn nở của vũ trụ
Các quan sát về các thiên hà và các quasar xa xôi cho thấy rằng ánh sáng từ chúng phát ra bị dịch chuyển về phía các ánh sáng có bước sóng dài hơn (dịch chuyển đỏ) và sự dịch chuyển đó tỷ lệ với khoảng cách giữa chúng. Sự dịch chuyển ánh sáng được rút ra từ phổ tần số của vật thể khi so sánh với các vạch phổ phát xạ hoặc hấp thụ của nguyên tử của các nguyên tố tương tác với bức xạ. Sự dịch chuyển đỏ này được giải thích bằng hiệu ứng Doppler đối với ánh sáng khi nguồn phát chuyển động ra xa nguồn thu. Sự dịch chuyển về phía bước sóng dài tỷ lệ với khoảng cách và hiện tượng này được biểu diễn bằng định luật Hubble như sau:

v = H0 D

trong đó v vận tốc rời xa, D khoảng cách và H0 hằng số Hubble có giá trị bằng 71 ± 4 km/giây/Mpc.

Bức xạ phông vũ trụ
Lý thuyết vụ nổ lớn tiên đoán về sự tồn tại của bức xạ phông vi sóng vũ trụ được tạo thành từ các quang tử phát ra từ giai đoạn sinh hạt baryon. Vì vũ trụ thời kỳ sơ khai ở trạng thái cân bằng nhiệt động nên nhiệt độ của bức xạ và plasma bằng nhau cho đến khi plasma tái hợp. Trước khi nguyên tử được hình thành thì bức xạ bị hấp tụ và tái phát xạ đều trong một quá trình gọi là tán xạ Compton: vũ trụ vào giai đoạn sơ khai không trong suốt với ánh sáng. Tuy nhiên, quá trình nhiệt độ của vũ trụ bị giảm đi khi giãn nở làm cho nhiệt độ xuống thấp hơn 3000 K, tại nhiệt độ này thì điện tử và hạt nhân kếp hợp với nhau để tạo ra nguyên tử và các plasma nguyên thủy bị biến thành khí trung hòa. Quá trình này được gọi là quá trình giải phóng quang tử. Một vũ trụ chỉ gồm các nguyên tử trung hòa cho phép bức xạ truyền qua mà không bị cản trở nhiều.

Vì tại các giai đoạn sớm, vũ trụ ở trong trạng thái cân bằng nhiệt động nên bức xạ từ thời điểm này có phổ phân bố giống như phổ phát xạ của một vật đen được truyền một cách tự do cho đến ngày nay sẽ bị dịch chuyển đỏ theo định luật Hubble. Bức xạ đó phải được giống nhau theo mọi hướng trong không gian.

Năm 1964, Arno Penzias và Robert Wilson đã phát hiện ra bức xạ phông vũ trụ khi họ tiến hành nghiên cứu một máy thu tín hiệu vi sóng ở phòng thí nghiệm Bell. Khám phá của họ đã khẳng định tiên đoán về bức xạ phông vũ trụ, một bức xạ đẳng hướng và đồng nhất phân bố giống như phổ phát xạ của vật đen có nhiệt độ khoảng 3 K. Penzias và Wilson được trao giải Nobel về vật lý nhờ khám phá này.

Năm 1989, cơ quan hàng không vũ trụ Hoa Kỳ NASA đã phóng vệ tinh thăm dò phông vũ trụ (COBE), các kết quả ban đầu quan sát được rất phù hợp với các tiên đoán của lý thuyết vụ nổ lớn liên quan đến bức xạ phông vũ trụ. COBE đã tìm thấy nhiệt độ dư là 2,726 K và xác định được rằng bức xạ đó là đẳng hướng với độ chính xác 10-5. Vào những năm 1990, tính dị hướng của bức xạ phông vũ trụ được nghiên cứu rất chi tiết bằng rất nhiều các thí nghiệm và kết quả là về mặt hình học, vũ trụ là phẳng (xem hình dáng của vũ trụ).

Vào đầu năm 2003 các kết quả từ vệ tinh dị hướng vi sóng Wilkinson (WMAP) được phóng và đã thu được các giá trị chính xác nhất về các thông số vũ trụ. Vệ tinh này cũng loại bỏ một số mô hình lạm phát vũ trụ đặc biệt nhưng nhìn chung thì các kết quả phù hợp với lý thuyết lạm phát.

Sự hình thành các nguyên tố cơ bản
Sử dụng mô hình vụ nổ lớn, người ta có thể tính được mật độ helium-4, helium-3, deuterium và lithium-7 trong vũ trụ so với mật độ của hydrogen dựa trên tỷ lệ quang tử/baryon. Tỷ lệ tính toán là khoảng 0,25 đối với 4He/H, khoảng 10-3 đối với 2H/H, khoảng 10-4 đối với 3He/H và khoảng 10-9 đối với 7Li/H.

Tất cả cá giá trị đều rất phù hợp với tính toán từ tỷ lệ baryon/quang tử. Đây cũng được coi là một trong những bằng chứng rõ ràng nhất về vụ nổ lớn, đây là lý thuyết duy nhất có thể giải thích được sự thống trị của các nguyên tố nhẹ trong vũ trụ. Trên thực tế, không có kết quả thực nghiệm nào nằm ngoài khuôn khổ lý thuyết vụ nổ lớn, ví dụ, vũ trụ có nhiều helium hơn deuterium hoặc có nhiều deuterium hơn 3He.

Sự phân bố và tiến hóa của các thiên hà
Các nghiên cứu thực nghiệm về hình dáng và phân bố của các thiên hà và các quasar đã cho những bằng chứng rất thuyết phục về vụ nổ lớn. Kết hợp các quan sát và tính toán lý thuyết gợi ý rằng các quasar và các thiên hà được hình thành khoảng một tỷ năm sau vụ nổ lớn, và từ đó các cấu trúc lớn hơn được hình thành như các nhóm thiên hà, đám thiên hà và siêu đám thiên hà. Các ngôi sao cũng già đi và tiến hóa, do đó, các thiên hà xa xôi (chúng ta thấy ở chúng ở giai đoạn sớm của vũ trụ) sẽ rất khác các thiên hà gần hơn (chúng ta sẽ thấy chúng ở giai đoạn muộn hơn). Hơn nữa, các thiên hà hình thành gần đây sẽ rất khác với các thiên hà cũng ở gần như thế nhưng hình thành tại các giai đoạn rất sớm sau vụ nổ lớn. Các quan sát này là các chứng cớ phủ nhận mô hình trạng thái dừng. Các quan sát về sự hình thành các ngôi sao, sự phân bố của các thiên hà và quasar, và các cấu trúc lớn hơn phù hợp rất tốt với mô hình lý thuyết về cấu trúc của vũ trụ và cho phép hoàn thiện các tính toán chi tiết.

Các đặc điểm và các bài toán

Về mặt lịch sử, có rất nhiều các bài toán xuất hiện trong lý thuyết Vụ Nổ Lớn. Một số bài toán chủ yếu có tính lịch sử và được khắc phục bằng cách thay đổi lý thuyết hoặc thông qua các kết quả thực nghiệm chính xác hơn. Một số vấn đề khác như là bài toán phân bố và bài toán thiên hà lùn về vật chất tối lạnh không được coi là quan trọng vì chúng chỉ liên quan đến các hiệu chỉnh của lý thuyết.

Có một số lý thuyết không tin vào sự tồn tại của Vụ Nổ Lớn, cho rằng nghiệm của các bài toán chuẩn là do các sửa đổi và bổ sung tùy ý vào lý thuyết. Phần lớn các lý thuyết đó tấn công vào các hiện tượng như vật chất tối, năng lượng tối và thăng giáng vũ trụ. Các vấn đề này là các bài toán chưa có lời giải trong vật lý, chúng tuy chưa có lời giải nhưng có nhiều quan sát ủng hộ chúng, đó là bức xạ phông vi sóng, cấu trúc vũ trụ tại các nấc thang vĩ mô và các sao siêu mới loại IA. Hiệu ứng hấp dẫn của các thực thể này đã được hiểu về mặt thực nghiệm và lý thuyết thậm chí các mô hình để giải thích cho chúng chưa hoàn toàn phù hợp với mô hình chuẩn của vật lý hạt. Tuy vậy, phần lớn các nhà thiên văn học và các nhà vật lý đều đồng ý rằng sự phù hợp giữa giải thuyết về vụ nổ lớn và các quan sát đã thiết lập các nền tảng cho lý thuyết này.

Sau đây liệt kê tóm tắt các bài toán của lý thuyết Vụ Nổ Lớn.

Bài toán về chân trời
Bài toán về chân trời phát sinh từ việc thông tin không thể truyền nhanh hơn vận tốc ánh sáng, do đó sẽ có hai vùng không gian cách nhau một khoảng cách lớn hơn quãng đường mà ánh sáng đi được trong một thời gian bằng tuổi của vũ trụ. Như vậy, nếu hai vật thể ở đầu hai khoảng cách xa đến thế, sẽ không thể biết được thông tin về nhau, điều này tương tự như tồn tại một chân trời, mà đằng sau nó, chúng không có mối quan hệ nhân quả với chúng ta. Như thế thì tính đẳng hướng của bức xạ phông vũ trụ sẽ không chắc chắn bởi vì kích thước của chân trời hạt tại thời điểm này chỉ tương ứng với kích thước của hai độ khối trên bầu trời. Nếu vũ trụ có lịch sử giãn nở giống nhau từ kỷ nguyên Planck thì sẽ không có lý do nào làm cho các vùng đó có cùng nhiệt độ.

Sự bất hợp lý này được giải quyết bằng lý thuyết lạm phát, lý thuyết này cho rằng trường năng lượng vô hướng đồng nhất và đẳng hướng thống trị vũ trụ tại thời điểm 10-35 giây sau kỷ nguyên Planck. Trong quá trình lạm phát, vũ trụ trải qua giai đoạn giãn nở theo hàm mũ và những vùng nằm trong mối liên hệ nhân quả sẽ giãn nở sao cho chúng nằm ngoài mối quan hệ nhân quả với chân trời của vùng khác. Nguyên lý bất định tiên đoán rằng, trong thời kỳ lạm phát có các thăng giáng nhiệt lượng tử được khuyếch đại lên đến quy mô vũ trụ. Các thăng giáng này, có vai trò như là các hạt nhân của các cấu trúc vũ trụ hiện thấy ngày nay. Sau thời kỳ lạm phát, vũ trụ giãn nở theo định luật Hubble và các vùng nằm bên ngoài mối quan hệ nhân quả sẽ trở lại chân trời. Điều này giải thích tính đẳng hường của bức xạ phông vũ trụ. Thuyết lạm phát còn tiên đoán thăng giáng nguyên thủy hầu như không đổi được coi là bất biến khoảng cách và tuân theo phân bố Gauss được khẳng định bằng các quan sát về bức xạ phông vũ trụ.

Bài toán về độ phẳng
Bài toán về độ phẳng là một bài toán thực nghiệm phát sinh từ việc nghiên cứu hình dáng vũ trụ liên quan đến nghiệm Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker. Nói chung, vũ trụ có thể có ba loại hình dáng: hình hyperbol, hình Euclide và hình ellip. Hình dáng của vũ trụ phụ thuộc vào mật độ năng lượng toàn phần của vũ trụ (được đo bằng ten sơ ứng suất-năng lượng): nếu mật độ nhỏ hơn mật độ tới hạn thì vũ trụ sẽ có dạng hình hyperbol, nếu lớn hơn thì có dạng ellip, còn nếu đúng bằng giá trị đó thì sẽ c
          Hố đen        
xem bài của Zạ Trạch trên từ điển bách khoa Wikipedia.


Hình minh họa một hố đen cùng với bạn đồng hành của nó chuyển động gần nhau đến mức khoảng cách giữa chúng nhỏ hơn giới hạn Roche. Vật chất của ngôi sao gần đó bị hố đen nuốt tạo nên một vòng cung vật chất, một lượng vật chất năng lượng cao được phóng ra ở hai cực.

Hố đen, còn gọi là lỗ đen, là một vật thể có mật độ khối lượng lớn đến nỗi lực hấp dẫn làm cho mọi vật thể không thể nào thoát ra được, trừ việc xuyên qua đường hầm lượng tử. Truờng hấp dẫn mà hố đen tạo ra rất lớn, vì vậy, vận tốc thoát ở vùng gần hố đen lớn hơn vận tốc ánh sáng. Điều này dẫn đến việc không có vật thể nào, kể cả ánh sáng, có thể thoát ra ngoài hố đen. Từ "hố đen" xuất phát từ một nghĩa rộng, nó không chỉ dừng lại ở khái niệm "hố" mà còn là một vùng không gian ảnh hưởng bởi hố đen. Lý thuyết về hố đen là một trong số các lý thuyết hiếm hoi trong vật lý bao trùm mọi thang đo khoảng cách, từ kích thước cực nhỏ (thang Planck) đến kích thước quan sát vũ trụ, do vậy có thể kiểm chứng cùng lúc thuyết lượng tử (cho thang nhỏ) và thuyết tương đối (cho thang lớn).

Hố đen được dự đoán bởi lý thuyết tương đối rộng. Theo mô hình thuyết tương đối rộng cổ điển, không một vật chất hay thông tin nào có thể thoát ra khỏi hố đen để tới tầm quan sát bên ngoài được. Tuy nhiên, các hiệu ứng của cơ học lượng tử, không có trong thuyết tương đối rộng cổ điển, có thể cho phép vật chất và năng lượng bức xạ từ các hố đen. Một số lý thuyết cho rằng bản chất tự nhiên của bức xạ không phụ thuộc vào những thứ đã rơi vào trong hố đen trong quá khứ, nói cách khác hố đen xóa sạch mọi thông tin quá khứ, đây là nghịch lý thông tin hố đen. Nghịch lý này dường như đã được loại bỏ bởi lý thuyết gần đây và dường như thông tin vẫn được bảo toàn trong hố đen.

Sự tồn tại của các hố đen trong vũ trụ được củng cố bởi các quan sát thiên văn, cụ thể là việc nghiên cứu về các sao siêu mới và các bức xạ tia X từ các lò hoạt động hạt nhân vũ trụ.

Lịch sử
Khái niệm một vật thể nặng đến độ ngay cả ánh sáng cũng không thể thoát khỏi vật đó đã được một nhà khoa học người Anh John Michell đưa ra vào năm 1783 trên một bài báo khoa học đăng trên tạp chí của Viện hàn lâm Hoàng gia Anh Quốc. Lúc bấy giờ, lý thuyết cơ học cổ điển của Isaac Newton về hấp dẫn và khái niệm vận tốc thoát đã được biết. Michell đã tính rằng, một vật thể có bán kính gấp 500 lần Mặt Trời và có mật độ bằng mật độ Mặt Trời thì vận tốc thoát ở bề mặt của nó bằng vận tốc ánh sáng, và do đó không ai có thể nhìn thấy nó.

Mặc dù ông nghĩ rằng điều đó rất khó xảy ra nhưng vẫn nghiên cứu khả năng rất nhiều các vật thể như thế không thể được quan sát trong vũ trụ.

Năm 1796, một nhà toán học người Pháp Pierre-Simon Laplace cũng đưa ra ý tưởng tương tự trong lần xuất bản thứ nhất và thứ hai của cuốn sách của ông, nhưng trong các lần xuất bản sau thì không đưa vào nữa. Trong suốt thế kỷ thứ 19, ý tưởng đó không gây chú ý vì người ta cho rằng ánh sáng là sóng nên không có khối lượng, và do đó không bị ảnh hưởng bởi lực hấp dẫn.

Năm 1915, Einstein đưa ra một lý thuyết hấp dẫn gọi là lý thuyết tương đối rộng. Trước đó ông đã cho thấy ánh sáng bị ảnh hưởng bởi lực hấp dẫn. Mấy tháng sau, Karl Schwarzschild đã đưa ra nghiệm cho trường hấp dẫn của một khối lượng điểm và tiên đoán về lý thuyết sự tồn tại của một vật thể mà ngày nay được gọi là hố đen. Ngày nay, bán kính Schwarzschild được coi là bán kính của một hố đen không quay, nhưng vào lúc bấy giờ người ta không hiểu rõ về nó. Bản thân Schwarzschild cũng từng nghĩ rằng nó không có ý nghĩa vật lý.

Vào những năm 1920, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar đã cho tính toán rằng một vật thể không quay có khối lượng lớn hơn một giá trị nhất định mà ngày nay được biết là giới hạn Chandrasekhar, sẽ suy sập dưới lực hấp dẫn của chính nó và không có gì có thể cản trở quá trình đó diễn ra. Tuy nhiên, một nhà vật lý khác là Arthur Eddington chống lại giả thuyết đó và cho rằng chắc chắn sẽ có cái gì đó xảy ra để không cho vật chất suy sụp đến mật độ vô hạn.

Năm 1939, Robert Oppenheimer và H. Snyder tiên đoán rằng các ngôi sao nặng sẽ phải chịu quá trình suy sập do hấp dẫn. Các hố đen có thể hình thành trong tự nhiên. Trong một thời gian, người ta gọi các vật thể như vậy là các "ngôi sao bị đóng băng" vì sự suy sập sẽ bị chậm đi một cách nhanh chóng và ngôi sao sẽ trở nên rất đỏ khi đạt đến gần giới hạn Schwarzschild. Tuy vậy, các vật thể nặng như thế không được quan tâm lắm cho đến cuối những năm 1960. Phần lớn các nhà vật lý, vào lúc đó, tin rằng hố đen là một nghiệm đối xứng cao đặc biệt do Schwarzschild tìm ra, và các vật thể bị suy sập trong tự nhiên sẽ không tạo nên các hố đen.

Việc nghiên cứu về hố đen trở nên sôi nổi vào năm 1967 do sự tiến bộ của lý thuyết và thực nghiệm. Stephen Hawking và Roger Penrose đã chứng minh rằng các hố đen là các nghiệm tổng quát của lý thuyết hấp dẫn của Einstein, và sự suy sập để tạo nên hố đen, trong một số trường hợp, là không thể tránh được. Sự quan tâm đến lĩnh vực này còn được khởi phát từ việc tìm ra sao pulsar. Ngay sau đó, nhà vật lý John Wheeler đã sử dụng từ "hố đen" để chỉ các vật thể sau khi bị suy sập đến mật độ vô hạn mặc dù trước đó một thời gian, từ "ngôi sao đen" thỉnh thoảng được sử dụng.

Các khái niệm
Nghiên cứu hố đen yêu cầu các kiến thức về lý thuyết tương đối rộng của không-thời gian cong: tính chất đặc biệt nhất là sự biến dạng của không-thời gian xung quanh các hố đen.

Chân trời sự kiện
"Bề mặt" của hố đen được gọi là chân trời sự kiện, đó là một bề mặt ảo xung quanh hố đen. Stephen Hawking đã sử dụng định lý Gauss-Bonnet để chứng minh rằng hình học tô-pô của chân trời sự kiện của một hố đen (bốn chiều) là một hình cầu. Tại chân trời sự kiện, vận tốc thoát chính bằng vận tốc ánh sáng. Do đó, bất kỳ vật gì, kể cả quang tử bên trong chân trời sự kiện đều không thể thoát khỏi chân trời sự kiện đó vì trường hấp dẫn quá mạnh của hố đen. Các hạt bị rơi vào hố đen sẽ không thể thoát ra được.

Theo lý thuyết tương đối rộng cổ điển, các hố đen có thể hoàn toàn được đặc trưng bởi ba thông số: khối lượng, mô men động lượng và điện tích. Nguyên lý này đã được John Wheeler tóm tắt trong câu nói "hố đen không có tóc".

Các vật thể chuyển động trong trường hấp dẫn thì thời gian sẽ bị chậm đi được gọi là sự giãn nở của thời gian. Điều này đã được chứng minh bằng thực nghiệm trong một thí nghiệm phóng tên lửa do thám vào năm 1976, và được tính đến trong Hệ thống định vị toàn cầu (GPS). Gần chân trời sự kiện, sự giãn nở thời gian xảy ra rất nhanh. Đối với một người quan sát từ bên ngoài thì họ sẽ đợi một khoảng thời gian vô tận để quan sát vật thể khi vật thể đến gần chân trời sự kiện vì ánh sáng từ vật thể bị dịch chuyển vô hạn về phía đỏ.

Điểm kỳ dị
Tại tâm của hố đen, bên trong chân trời sự kiện, lý thuyết tương đối rộng tiên đoán có một điểm kỳ dị (singularity), tại đó độ cong của không thời gian trở nên vô hạn và lực hấp dẫn cũng mạnh vô hạn. Không-thời gian bên trong chân trời sự kiện rất đặc biệt, trong đó tất cả các đều chuyển động vào tâm mà không thể cưỡng lại được (Penrose và Hawking). Điều này có nghĩa là tồn tại một sai lầm về khái niệm về hố đen mà John Michell đề xuất trước đây. Theo lý thuyết của Michell, vận tốc thoát bằng vận tốc ánh sáng, tuy vậy, vẫn còn một xác suất lý thuyết để vật thể có thể thoát ra giống như kéo vật thể ra ngoài bằng một sợi dây. Lý thuyết tương đối rộng loại bỏ những kẽ hở (loophole) như thế này vì vật thể nằm trong chân trời sự kiện thì thời gian tuyến sẽ có một điểm kết cho bản thân thời gian, và không thể có được vũ trụ tuyến khả dĩ mà có thể thoát ra khỏi hố đen được.

Người ta tin rằng những tiến triển hoặc khái quát hóa lý thuyết tương đối rộng trong tương lai (đặc biệt là hấp dẫn lượng tử) sẽ làm thay đổi suy nghĩ của chúng ta về phần bên trong của hố đen. Phần lớn các nhà lý thuyết đều giải thích điểm kỳ dị về toán học của các phương trình là dấu hiệu cho thấy lý thuyết hiện hành là không hoàn thiện, và rằng các hiện tượng mới sẽ được phát hiện khi ta tiến gần đến điểm kỳ dị. Câu hỏi này có thể rất hàn lâm vì giả thuyết giám sát vũ trụ đòi hỏi không thể có mặt các điểm kỳ dị trần trụi trong lý thuyết tương đối rộng: mỗi điểm kỳ dị phải nấp sau chân trời sự kiện và không thể bị khám phá.

Một trường phái tư tưởng khác cho rằng chẳng có điểm kỳ dị nào cả, bởi vì, các lực giống như lực gây ra thủy triều sẽ làm giảm mật độ vật chất khi nó đi xuyên qua chân trời sự kiện. Nếu một nhà du hành vũ trụ lỡ để chân của anh ta rơi vào hố đen thì các lực thủy triều dọc theo bán kính sẽ kéo đầu và chân của anh ta theo hai hướng ngược nhau và do đó, sẽ làm giảm mật độ (tức là tăng thể tích) trong khi đó thì lực thủy triều tại một bán kính không đổi có xu hướng kéo hai tay anh ta lại với nhau khi bán kính hội tụ, làm gia tăng mật độ (giảm thể tích). Tuy nhiên, tại chân trời sự kiện, bán kính đó lại song song với nhau trong giản đồ nhúng (giản đồ để hình dung nghiệm Schwarzschild trong không gian Euclide), không hội tụ, do đó, mật độ vật chất sẽ giảm và làm dừng quá trình suy sập hấp dẫn.

Đi vào một hố đen
Ảnh hưởng của trường hấp dẫn của hố đen có thể xác định từ lý thuyết tương đối. Khi một vật thể tiến lại gần tâm của hố đen không quay (hố đen Schwarzschild) thì người quan sát từ xa sẽ thấy vật thể đó tiến đến chân trời sự kiện một cách chậm dần vì một quang tử từ vật thể đó phải mất một thời gian lâu hơn để thoát ra khỏi ảnh hưởng của hố đen để cho người quan sát biết số phận của vật thể đó.

Đối với bản thân vật thể, nó sẽ đi qua chân trời sự kiện và đến điểm kỳ dị, hoặc vào tâm của hố đen trong một khoảng thời gian hữu hạn. Khi nó đi qua chân trời sự kiện thì ánh sáng không thể thoát khỏi hố đen được nữa nên người quan sát ở ngoài hố đen sẽ không còn có thể biết thông tin của vật thể. Khi vật thể tiến gần hơn nữa đến điểm kỳ dị, nó sẽ bị kéo dài ra và phần vật thể gần hố đen nhất nhất sẽ bị dịch chuyển đỏ cho đến khi tất cả các phần biến mất. Gần điểm kỳ dị, sự sai khác của trường hấp dẫn giữa điểm gần và điểm xa trên vật thể rất lớn, điều này sẽ tạo nên một lực thủy triều làm cho vật thể bị kéo và bị xé ra, điều này được gọi là quá trình "tạo mì ống" (spaghettification).

Hố đen quay
Về lý thuyết, chân trời sự kiện của một hố đen không quay là một hình cầu, và điểm kỳ dị của nó là một điểm. Nếu hố đen có mô men góc (thừa hưởng từ ngôi sao quay trước khi bị suy sập thành hố đen) thì nó sẽ kéo theo cả không-thời gian xung quanh chân trời sự kiện. Vùng không gian xung quanh chân trời sự kiện được gọi là hình cầu cơ công và có dạng một hình e-líp. Vì hình cầu cơ công định vị bên ngoài chân trời sự kiện nên các vật thể có thể tồn tại bên trong hình cầu cơ công mà không bị rơi vào hố đen. Tuy nhiên, vì bản thân không-thời gian chuyển động bên trong hình cầu cơ công nên các vật thể không thể có một vị trí cố định. Các vật thể trượt trên hình cầu cơ công vài lần có thể bị văng ra ngoài với vận tốc rất lớn và giải thoát năng lượng (và mô men góc) khỏi hố đen -- do đó mới có tên "hình cầu cơ công" vì nó có khả năng tạo ra công cơ học.

Entropy và bức xạ Hawking
Năm 1971, Stephen Hawking chứng minh rằng diện tích của chân trời sự kiện của bất kỳ hố đen cố điển đều không bao giờ giảm. Điều này tương tự như định luật thứ hai của nhiệt động lực học, trong đó vai trò của diện tích của chân trời sự kiện tương ứng với entropy. Người ta có thể vi phạm nguyên lý thứ hai của nhiệt động lực học bằng việc vật chất trong vũ trụ của chúng ta đi vào hố đen và do đó làm giảm entropy của toàn vũ trụ. Chính vì vậy mà Jacob Bekenstein giả thiết rằng hố đen cũng có entropy và entropy của nó tỷ lệ với diện tích của chân trời sự kiện. Tuy nhiên, 1974, Hawking áp dụng lý thuyết trường lượng tử cho không-thời gian cong xung quanh chân trời sự kiện của hố đen và phát hiện ra rằng các hố đen có thể phát xạ nhiệt -- bức xạ mà hố đen phát ra được gọi là bức xạ Hawking. Sử dụng định luật thứ nhất của cơ học hố đen người ta thấy rằng entropy của hố đen bằng một phần tư diện tích của chân trời sự kiện. Đây là một kết quả phổ quát, có thể áp dụng cho chân trời vũ trụ trong không-thời gian de Sitter. Sau đó, người ta còn cho rằng, hố đen là các vật thể có entropy cực đại, tức là, trong vùng không-thời gian nào đó, entropy cực đại chính là entropy của hố đen chiếm vùng không thời gian đó. Điều này dẫn đến nguyên lý ảnh ba chiều (còn gọi là nguyên lý ảnh đa chiều).

Bức xạ Hawking xuất phát từ ngay bên ngoài chân trời sự kiện, và cho tới nay người ta vẫn hiểu là nó không mang thông tin từ bên trong hố đen vì đó là bức xạ nhiệt. Tuy nhiên, điều này có nghĩa là các hố đen không phải là hoàn toàn đen: hiệu ứng này ngụ ý rằng khối lượng của một hố đen sẽ dần dần giảm theo thời gian. Mặc dù hiệu ứng này rất nhỏ đối với người nghiên cứu hố đen, nó chỉ đáng kể đối với các hố đen siêu nhỏ được tiên đoán lý thuyết, mà ở đó, cơ học lượng tử có tác động chính. Thực ra, các tính toán cho thấy rằng các hố đen nhỏ có thể bị bay hơi và cuối cùng sẽ biến mất trong một đợt vùng phát bức xạ. Do đó, các hố đen mà không có nguồn bổ sung cho khối lượng của chúng đều có một thời gian sống hữu hạn, và thời gian đó liên hệ với khối lượng của chúng.

Vào ngày 21 tháng 7 năm 2004 Stephen Hawking tuyên bố rằng cuối cùng thì các hố đen sẽ giải phóng các thông tin mà chúng nuốt, đảo ngược lại quan điểm mà ông đưa ra trước đó là thông tin sẽ bị biến mất. Ông cho rằng, nhiễu loạn lượng tử của chân trời sự kiện có thể cho phép thông tin thoát ra từ một hố đen và ảnh hưởng đến bức xạ Hawking. Lý thuyết vẫn chưa được các nhà khoa học phản biện, nhưng nếu nó được chấp nhận thì dường như chúng ta đã giải quyết được nghịch lý về thông tin hố đen.

Nghiên cứu về hố đen

Hình mô tả đĩa gia tốc của lớp plasma quay xung quanh một hố đen (ảnh của NASA).

Sự hình thành
Lý thuyết tương đối rộng (cũng như các lý thuyết hấp dẫn khác) không chỉ nói rằng các hố đen có thể tồn tại mà còn tiên đoán rằng chúng sẽ được hình thành trong tự nhiên khi có đủ khối lượng trong một vùng không gian nào đó và trải qua một quá trình gọi là suy sập hấp dẫn. Vì khối lượng bên trong vùng đó tăng lên, nên hấp dẫn của nó cũng mạnh lên, hay nói theo ngôn ngữ của thuyết tương đối, không gian xung quanh bị biến dạng. Khi vận tốc thoát tại một khoảng cách nhất định từ tâm đạt đến vận tốc ánh sáng, thì một chân trời sự kiện được hình thành mà trong đó vật chất chắc chắn bị suy sập vào một điểm duy nhất, tạo nên một điểm kỳ dị.

Các phân tích định lượng về điều này dẫn đến việc tiên đoán một ngôi sao có khối lượng khoảng ba lần khối lượng Mặt Trời, tại thời điểm cuối cùng trong quá trình tiến hóa hầu như chắc chắn sẽ co lại tới một kích thước tới hạn cần thiết để xảy ra suy sập hấp dẫn (thông thường các ngôi sao co lại chỉ dừng ở trạng thái sao neutron). Khi điều này xảy ra, không có bất kỳ lực vật lý nào có thể ngăn cản sự suy sập đó, và một hố đen được tạo thành.

Sự suy sập của các ngôi sao sẽ tạo nên các hố đen có khối lượng ít nhất gấp ba lần khối lượng Mặt Trời. Các hố đen nhỏ hơn giới hạn này chỉ có thể được hình thành nếu vật chất chịu tác động của các áp lực khác ngoài lực hấp dẫn của chính ngôi sao. Áp lực vô cùng lớn cần thiết để có thể gây ra điều này có thể tồn tại vào những giai đoạn rất sớm của vũ trụ, có thể đã tạo nên các hố đen nguyên thủy có khối lượng nhỏ hơn nhiều lần khối lượng Mặt Trời.

Các hố đen siêu lớn có thể có khối lượng gấp hàng triệu, hàng tỷ lần khối lượng Mặt Trời có thể được hình thành khi có một số lớn các ngôi sao bị nén chặt trong một vùng không gian tương đối nhỏ, hoặc khi có một số lượng lớn các ngôi sao rơi vào một hố đen ban đầu, hoặc khi có sự hợp nhất của các hố đen nhỏ hơn. Người ta tin rằng điều kiện để các hiện tượng trên có thể xảy ra ở một số (nếu không muốn nói là hầu hết) tâm của các thiên hà, bao gồm cả Ngân Hà của chúng ta.

Quan sát hố đen

Hình mô tả đĩa gia tốc của lớp plasma quay xung quanh một hố đen (ảnh của NASA).

Lý thuyết cho thấy rằng chúng ta không thể quan sát hố đen một cách trực tiếp bằng ánh sáng phát xạ hoặc phản xạ vật chất bên trong hố đen. Tuy nhiên, các vật thể này có thể được quan sát một cách gián tiếp các hiện tượng xung quanh chúng như là thấu kính hấp dẫn và các ngôi sao chuyển động xung quanh một vật dường như vô hình.

Hiệu ứng đáng nghi ngờ nhất là vật chất rơi vào hố đen (giống như nước đổ vào đường thoát nước) sẽ tập hợp lại với nhau tạo nên một đĩa gia tốc quay rất nhanh và rất nóng xung quanh hố đen trước khi bị nó nuốt. Ma sát xuất hiện tại những vùng lân cận đĩa làm cho đĩa trở nên vô vùng nóng và được thoát ra dưới dạng tia X. Quá trình nung nóng này cũng vô cùng hiệu quả và có thể biến 50% khối lượng của vật thể thành năng lượng bức xạ, trái ngược với phản ứng nhiệt hạch, trong đó, chỉ khoảng vài phần trăm khối lượng được biến thành năng lượng. Các tính toán khác tiên đoán các hiệu ứng trong đó các luồng hạt chuyển động rất nhanh với vận tốc gần bằng vận tốc ánh sáng được phóng ra ở hai trục của đĩa.

Tuy nhiên, các đĩa gia tốc, các luồng hạt chuyển động nhanh, các vật thể chuyển động xung quanh một vật vô hình không chỉ có thể do hố đen gây ra mà còn có thể do các vật thể khác như các sao neutron chẳng hạn, và động lực học của các vật thể gần các "hố không đen" này rất giống như động lực học của các vật thể xung quanh hố đen và việc nghiên cứu về chúng là lĩnh vực nghiên cứu rất phức tạp và năng động hiện nay. Nó bao gồm ngành vật lý plasma và từ trường. Do đó, trong phần lớn các quan sát về đĩa gia tốc và chuyển động quỹ đạo chỉ cho biết về khối lượng của vật thể cô đặc mà thôi, chứ không cho biết về bản chất của vật thể đó. Việc xác định vật thể đó là hố đen yêu cầu các giả thuyết bổ sung là không có vật thể nào khác (hoặc các hệ liên kết với vật thể) có thể nặng và cô đặc đến thế. Phần lớn các nhà vật lý thiên văn chấp nhận rằng, trong trường hợp này, theo lý thuyết tương đối rộng, bất kỳ vật nào có mật độ vật chất đủ cao đều phải co lại thành một hố đen.

Một khác biệt quan sát quan trọng giữa các hố đen và các ngôi sao đặc, nặng khác là bất kỳ vật chất rơi vào các vật thể nặng thì cuối cùng cũng phải va chạm với vật thể đó với một vận tốc rất lớn, dẫn đến việc lóe sáng dị thường của các tia X với cường độ rất mạnh cùng với các bức xạ khác. Cho nên, nếu không có các lóe sáng bức xạ như thế xung quanh vật thể cô đặc thì có thể được coi là bằng chứng để cho rằng nó là một hố đen, nơi mà không có bề mặt để vật chất có thể va đập vào đột ngột.

Chúng ta đã tìm thấy hố đen chưa?
Ngày nay, có khá nhiều những bằng chứng thiên văn gián tiếp về hai loại hố đen:

* Các hố đen khối lượng ngôi sao có khối lượng cỡ bằng các ngôi sao bình thường (4 - 15 lần khối lượng Mặt Trời, và
* Các hố đen siêu nặng có khối lượng bằng một thiên hà.

Thêm vào đó, có một vài bằng chứng về các hố đen khối lượng trung bình có khối lượng vài ngàn lần khối lượng Mặt Trời. Đây có thể là các hố đen đang hình thành nên các hố đen siêu nặng.

Bằng chứng về các hố đen khối lượng ngôi sao chủ yếu được xác định bằng các đĩa gia tốc với kích thước và vận tốc vừa phải mà không có quá trình lóe sáng dị thường xuất hiện xung quanh các vật thể cô đặc. Các hố đen khối lượng ngôi sao có thể tạo ra các đợt bùng nổ tia gamma mặc dù các đợt bùng nổ này thường liên quan đến vụ nổ của các sao siêu mới hoặc các vật thể khác không phải hố đen.

Bằng chứng về các hố đen có khối lượng lớn hơn lần đầu tiên được cho bởi các thiên hà bức xạ và các quasar do các nhà thiên văn vô tuyến phát hiện ra những năm 1960. Sự chuyển đổi rất hiệu quả từ khối lượng thành năng lượng nhờ ma sát trong đĩa gia tốc của một hố đen dường như là cách giải thích duy nhất cho nguồn năng lượng gần như vô tận của các vật thể này. Thực ra, việc đưa ra lý thuyết trên vào những năm 1970 đã hầu như loại bỏ các chống đối cho rằng các quasar là các thiên hà xa xôi, tức là, không có cơ chế nào có thể tạo một lượng năng lượng nhiều đến thế.

Từ các quan sát vào những năm 1980 về chuyển động của các ngôi sao xung quanh tâm của thiên hà, người ta tin răng có những hố đen siêu nặng có mặt ở tâm của phần lớn các thiên hà, ngay cả Ngân Hà của chúng ta. Tinh vân Sagittarius A được coi là bằng chứng quan tin cậy nhất về sự tồn tại của một hố đen siêu nặng tại tâm của dải Ngân Hà.
Luồng hạt chuyển động nhanh phát ra từ thiên hà M87 đựoc cho là gây bởi một hố đen siêu nặng tại tâm của thiên hà đó.
Mở lên
Luồng hạt chuyển động nhanh phát ra từ thiên hà M87 đựoc cho là gây bởi một hố đen siêu nặng tại tâm của thiên hà đó.

Bức tranh hiện nay là tất cả các thiên hà đều có thể có một hố đen siêu nặng ở tại tâm, và hố đen này nuốt khí và bụi ở vùng giữa thiên hà tạo nên lượng bức xạ khổng lồ. Quá trình này tiếp tục cho đến khi không còn vật chất nào ở xung quanh nữa. Bức tranh này giải thích hợp lý về sá»± vắng mặt của nhiều các quasar gần đó. Mặc dù chÆ°a hiểu về chi tiết, nhÆ°ng dường nhÆ° là sá»± phát triển cá
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Raffigurazione del quasar distante 3C 279. (Cortesia ESO/M. Kornmesser)Effemeridi di sole, luna e pianeti, congiunzioni, mappe stellari dettagliate oggetti Deep Sky da osservare. E questo mese, oltre alle ormai consuete costellazioni, anche le Lacrime di San Lorenzo sono disponibili in versione audio!
          Discovery nearly doubles known quasars from the ancient universe        

Quasars are supermassive black holes that sit at the center of enormous galaxies, accreting matter. They shine so brightly that they are often referred to as beacons and are among the most-distant objects in the universe that we can currently study. New work from a team led by Carnegie's Eduardo Bañados has discovered 63 new quasars from when the universe was only a billion years old. (It's about 14 billion years old today.)

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          CCD Views #334        

C C D V I E W S #334
---------------------------
April 14, 2005

Table of Contents
-----------------

1. Introduction
2. Var Her 04 Quiescent Photometry Campaign
3. Infrared CCD Filter Grants - Last Call for Applications
4. GRB Observations (And April Fools Day Allegory)
5. AAVSO/GTN Blazar and Polar List and Observing Strategy

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1. INTRODUCTION

The 3rd High Energy Astrophysics Workshop for Amateur Astronomers was a great success. Word on the grapevine is that this was one of the best AAVSO meetings in recent memory. We at HQ were particularly glad to be able to meet many new AAVSO observers and put faces to the observer codes. That is always my favorite part of the meeting. Well, that and the fact that new observers often say to me "You look much younger than I envisioned!" A little flattery will get you everywhere.

The PowerPoint presentations from the workshop will be available on our web site within a week or so. In addition, full video in glorious Quick Time .AVI format will be online in 1-2 months. There were many great talks about High Energy Network objects such as GRBs, blazars and polars. Also, Arne's Advanced CCD Photometry Workshop will be available in video. While they all will be available online, attendees will also receive DVDs of the talks and workshops.

Why is this worthy enough to take up the valuable real estate of the CCD Views "Introduction"? Because it means more work for you! The meeting was such a success that we are getting lots of questions about how to start observing all of these objects. In this issue of CCD Views we give some starting points on observing blazars and polars along with a recent history of GRB afterglow reports from network members. We also have campaigns lined up for miras, eclipsing binaries and more exoplanet work.

So lots to do in the coming months, get ready!

Aaron Price
on behalf of Gary Walker, CCD Committee Chairperson

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2. VAR HER 04 QUIESCENT PHOTOMETRY CAMPAIGN

The seasons have changed and now Hercules is among us again. This means it is time to revisit our old friend Var Her 04. Dr. Jana Pittichova is helping us observe Var Her 04 with the University of Hawaii 2.2m on Mauna Kea this Sunday, April 17. She will observe in B to filter out light from the faint red companion 1 arc second way.

From you we need time series observations of Var Her 04 mainly in V throughout the entire day of April 17. We also need baseline observations of Var Her 04 in V beginning now and lasting until May 1.

We also need one or two observers to observe in Ic on April 17th. If anyone has an Ic filter and can observe please e-mail aaronp@aavso.org and/or post to the AAVSO Photometry Discussion Group.

Precision is very important for this faint system. Set your exposures for an SNR of 100.

As always, we will coordinate this campaign and post updates through the AAVSO Photometry Discussion Group.

Latest Var Her 04 observations:

  APR 13.3521 <15.0    SXN  Visual        Mike Simonsen Imlay City, MI
  MAR 04.4811  16.38   JM   CCDV          Robert James  Las Cruces, NM

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3. INFRARED CCD FILTER GRANTS - LAST CALL FOR APPLICATIONS

We still have a few 1.25" Ic and Iz CCD filters available from the grant program announced in CCD Views #330.

The Iz filters are intended for use in GRB afterglow hunting. The Ic filters are intended for use in monitoring blazars for the High Energy Network but can also be used for other variable star projects. If you would like to receive one of these filters please fill out the application at the URL below. Priority will go to those who attended Arne's CCD Photometry Workshop at the HEA3 meeting. [Link Removed] These filters were funded by a grant from the Curry Foundation.

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4. GRB OBSERVATIONS (AND APRIL FOOLS DAY ALLEGORY)

>> Positive GRB Afterglow Observation(s):

* Congrats to Stefano Sposetti of Switzerland who successfully imaged the afterglow to GRB050319. He took 83 60-second frames to get down to a LM of 21.5 unfiltered! That is no typo, folks. 83! The afterglow magnitude was 20.5 +/-0.5 mag unfiltered. WAY TO GO, STEFANO! But remember, next time we need filtered photometry. :)

>> Fainter Than/Negative Observation(s):

* GRB050412: Peter Nelson observed the region and did not find an afterglow. Two professional observatories reported possible faint (V>21) afterglows.

* GRB050410: Arto Oksanen observed the region and did not find an afterglow. SWIFT detected an X-ray counterpart but no optical afterglows were detected by anyone.

* GRB050408: Andrea Tasselli, Dr. D. T. Durig (Cordell-Lorenz Observatory) and Bill Dillon observed the region and did not find an afterglow. Professional observatories did discover an afterglow and even got a red shift of z=1.236 for it (8.6 billion light years away).

* GRB050331 (April Fools GRB): This was announced by SWIFT on March 31. Shortly after the announcement SWIFT also reported a bright (V>13!) afterglow that saturated the UVOT. Berto Monard was on the GRB and imaged the field and reported *no* afterglow. We were nervous contradicting the SWIFT UVOT but issued a GCN anyway. A few minutes later SWIFT retracted the GRB detection and Berto's negative observation was confirmed. This was a nice example of everyone working together and why sometimes a human at the telescope is still more valuable than an automated system!

* GRB050326: Berto Monard observed the field under poor observing conditions (wind and lunar interference). An afterglow was not detected down to 18.0 unfiltered magnitude 16.5 magnitude. However, a new source of some type (new variable star?) may have been discovered in the field. XMM Newton discovered an X-Ray afterglow.

* GRB050313: Durig and Kereszty Zsolt both imaged the field. Neither detected an afterglow and neither did any other professional observatory. In hindsight this may not have been a real GRB detection.

Nice job getting on the fields and submitting your reports!

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5. AAVSO/GTN BLAZAR & POLAR LIST & OBSERVING STRATEGY

Dr. Gordon Spear (Sonoma State University) and Dr. Steve Howell (NOAO) gave exciting talks on observing blazars and polars, respectively. The AAVSO has good charts for many of these objects. Below is a list:

Blazars w/AAVSO Charts:

  3C 66A                OI 158
  OJ 287                MARK 421
  4C 29.45 (old chart)  BL LAC
  MARK 501              PKS2155-30
  W COM                 3C 279 
  S5 1803+78            S5 2007+77
  S2 2356               PKS2005-48
  3C 232                3C 371  (old chart)
  AP LIB                S2 0109+22
Polars w/AAVSO Charts:
  AN UMA                 AR UMA
  AM HER                MR SER
  QQ VUL                BL HYI
  EF ERI                VV PUP
  GQ MUS                V2214 OPH
  V347 PAV              V834 CEN
  QS Tel

Observing strategy:
- One full evening set of time series observations in V and/or Ic of a GTN object per month.
- One or two hours of time series observations in V and/or Ic of a GTN object per week.
- Snapshot observations of the other GTN objects in V and/or Ic. One observation is requested per month per object.

Also don't forget that a GTN MyNewsFlash list is setup to monitor these objects. If you want to receive data on them in a MyNewsFlash format just go here to sign up:

http://www.aavso.org/observation-notification#mynewsflash

All charts are available at:

http://www.aavso.org/vsp

More info on the GTN objects can be found at:

http://gtn.sonoma.edu/object_catalog/

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X. LITERATURE ON HIGH PRECISION PHOTOMETRY

Dr. Steve Howell has also provided us with a couple papers he co-authored about differential and ensemble photometry. Material from them will also be included in a 2nd edition of his book "Handbook of CCD Astronomy" due out this summer.

Statistical error analysis in CCD time-resolved photometry with applications to variable stars and quasars Howell, Steve B.; Warnock, Archibald, III; Mitchell, Kenneth J. Astronomical Journal (ISSN 0004-6256), vol. 95, Jan. 1988, p. 247-256. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-data_query?bibcode=1988AJ.....
95..247H&db_key=AST&link_type=ABSTRACT&high=3e8dcd18b415611

A Technique for Ultrahigh-Precision CCD Photometry Everett, Mark E.; Howell, Steve B. The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific Volume 113, Issue 789, pp. 1428-1435. http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/PASP/journal/issues/v113n789/201154/201154.html

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An archive of "CCD Views" is available at http://www.aavso.org/ccd-views.

An archive of "Eyepiece Views", a similar newsletter intended for visual observers, is available at http://www.aavso.org/eyepiece-views.

Good observing!

Aaron Price, AAVSO Technical Assistant (PAH)
Gary Walker, Chairman of the AAVSO CCD Committee (WGR)

Copyright 2005, American Association of Variable Star Observers

					
 
   
Tags: 

          Looking for the controversy in Captain America: Steve Rogers Vol. 1--Hail Hydra        
One of the great benefits and/or detriments of reading Marvel's serially-published comics series in collected trade paperback format is that you generally miss out on the online conversations about particular issues of particular comic books as they are happening. Captain America: Steve Rogers Vol. 1--Hail Hydra, for example, collects the first six issues of one of the two Nick Spencer-written Captain America titles, and is where Spencer's long-term plans for the franchise take their controversial turn, a turn that ultimately leads to the currently-unfolding Secret Empire event series.

The controversy associated with this particular Marvel comic has to do with the plot itself, as opposed to the other sorts of controversies Marvel comics are occasionally embroiled in, like that thing with the X-Men comic, or everyone freaking out about hearing part of an out-of-context quote from David Gabriel, or publishing tentacle rape porn on the cover or whatever. As I have overheard on Twitter, and read in at least one pretty solid article explaining it all to me, this is the comic book story in which it is revealed that the original Captain America Steve Rogers, the superhero so patriotic that he wears the American flag for his work clothes, was actually a sleeper agent for Hydra, the Marvel Universe's Nazi splinter group.

This always confused me, as superheroes making heel turns is a convention not much younger than superhero comics in general. Any superhero who has been around long enough will make a heel turn at some point (and few Marvel heroes have been around as long as Captain America!), and these turns are always rather quickly undone. Even when it seems as if the heel turn is meant to be a permanent one--think Green Lantern Hal Jordan becoming Parallax--it gets undone. The logic behind the story seemed pretty obvious to me from a distance, as the more noble and good the hero, the more dramatic it is when he takes his heel turn (This is why DC seems positively obsessed with publishing stories in which Superman is the villain and other heroes have to fight him; generally these happen in out-of-continuity stories, but Superman has broken bad in the "real" DC Universe too, in the Dominus storyline circa 1998-ish...although, as is often the case, things weren't quite what they seemed at the time).

The other thing that confused me about people getting so upset about a pretty basic super-comic trope that is so obviously meant to be temporary and easily reversed is that the story preceding this one, the "Avengers: Standoff" crossover that involved the various Avengers and Avengers-related comics, had for its climax Captain America being dramatically altered by Kobik, a sentient Cosmic Cube.

(If you're unfamiliar with these objects, they are, like so much else of worth in the Marvel Universe, the creation of the Jack Kirby/Stan Lee collaboration. They are essentially wish-granting maguffins, capable of allowing whoever wields them to completely alter reality in any way, shape or form. Several classic Marvel storylines have revolved around bad guys like Thanos, Doctor Doom or The Red Skull trying to get their hands on them, and/or heroes having access to a cube and being tempted to misuse it.)

At the beginning of "Standoff," Steve Rogers had already lost his functional immortality, and had turned into something approaching the old man he should be as a World War II vet (he kept the totally ripped physique though, for some reason). Kobik restored his youth to him, and if Steve was going to suddenly become a bad guy, to suddenly be revealed to have actually always been a bad guy all along, well then, it was a good bet that Kobik did it to him. And, it turns out, she did.

Now writer Nick Spencer is obviously milking this Cap-betraying-everything-he-believed-in storyline for everything it's worth, drawing it out to the length of multiple trade paperbacks, involving the whole Marvel Universe (as line-wide event stories like Secret Empire dictate) and, in what may be much of what makes some readers uncomfortable, trying to put forward cogent arguments for embracing fascism, in an attempt to make his villains more than just cartoon mustache-twirlers.

But boil this plot point down to its essence, and basically Captain America got zapped with a gun called "The Villainizer," and the ultimate solution is almost certainly going to be the equivalent of someone switching The Villainizer to "reverse" and zapping him again.

I just couldn't understand why people were getting so upset about the storyline itself, and most of the arguments I was seeing had to do with the story working the way Spencer intended it to. Like, anyone who thinks Captain America allying himself with Hydra or fascists or Nazi-like groups is something the good Captain America would never do, well, that's the whole point, isn't it? What if instead of socking old Hitler in the jaw, Captain America was shaking his hand?

(I do understand that there are other reasons to be upset with Marvel around their promotion of the Captain America: Steve Rogers/Secret Empire storyline that had to do with marketing more than story content. For example, I understand Marvel sent local comic shops signage and other materials so that they could play along as if they too were secret fronts for Hydra, something that likely seemed pretty distasteful given the way Spencer was characterizing his new version of Hydra--ultra-nationalist, xenophobic, right-wingers of the sort that had just helped elect Donald Trump president of the United States of America, and were--and are--seemingly on the rise in Europe.)

So as I first started reading this collection, which includes Free Comic Book Day 2016 (Captain America) by Jesus Saiz and then the first six issues of Steve Rogers, drawn by Saiz, Javier Pina and Miguel Sepulveda, I was doing so with an eye for finding what exactly it is that so riled readers. I looked, and I looked and I kept looking, and, to be honest, I never really found it. Where the book is at its most politically relevant, it seems to be criticizing today's alt-right, as well as nationalism and racism in general, but from what I had seen online, most of the criticism leveled at the book and at Marvel was coming from the left (I should here note that Twitter feed is pretty liberal-heavy, perhaps even exclusively so. Maybe those to the right-of-center who read Marvel comics also hate this storyline; I don't know.). There is a speech near the end that I think may have bugged some people, but we'll get to that in a bit.

Maybe it's the next volume, , or Secret Empire proper where Spencer seems to embrace fascism  or starts to take potshots at the left, but there's nothing in here I could see as offensive. But let's look as closely as we can, shall we?

Free Comic Book Day 2016 (Captain America)
Art and color by Jesus Saiz


To illustrate the importance Marvel was placing on this story, they devoted one of their two 2016 FCBD giveaways to it. The other? Civil War II. Like Civil War II, this eventually leads to a modern Marvel event series of  the greatest scale at which the publisher engages:  A mini-series functioning as the event's backbone, a supporting miniseries and tie-in issues or story arcs appearing in pretty much everything else Marvel publishes.

My local comic shopkeep opined once that Secret Empire would probably have been fine if it were just a Captain America story-arc, and not blown-up to fit a Civil War II-sized event template. Given how much build-up went into it, I suppose it would have to be something sizable, but he was probably right; perhaps something along the scale of "Standoff" (which is technically a first act, or at least a prelude, to Secret Empire) would have worked better and annoyed fewer readers and retailers? Something involving the two Captain America books, the relevant Avengers books and maybe a handful of books that could use a boost of sales and interest?

In other words, a more franchise-specific crossover event, rather than a line-wide one.

This 10-page story (the back of the FCBD book featured a Spider-Man Peter Parker story that's not reprinted here) features acting SHIELD Commander (and Steve Rogers' girlfriend) Sharon Carter at a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing, a scene inter-cut with those featuring the Captains America fighting the reconstituted Hydra (they were seemingly wiped out by Sam Wilson in All-New Captain America Vol. 1: Hydra Ascendant). Carter is on the bridge of some helicarrier, feeding intel to the Captains while Rick Jones acts as their Oracle. A terrorist attack is imminent. Rogers is in Austria, beating up a a Hydra cell and using threats of greater violence to get the location of the attack out of the last one left conscious.

It's in New York City, where Captain America Sam Wilson, the new Falcon Joaquin Torres and actual falcon Redwing are on hand to foil the attack. But! At the same time, a hotel in Brussels is bombed, killing civilians. The Senate is mad at Carter, and then Captain America strides in to try to sell them on something.

Meanwhile, The Red Skull watches the TV news and sips tea served to him by his daughter Sin, who has her face again (Um, she lost her face and became basically a female Red Skull previously).

This new version of Hydra sounds a bit like a cross between the alt-right and ISIS, as difficult as such a thing might be to imagine (The one place those two diametrically opposed groups crossover in real life? Social media presence). This version of Hydra's politics are basically far-right, but their tactics are ones that, in the 21st century, are of the sort mostly practiced by terrorists whose general philosophy is grounded in some radical (and usually warped) version of Islam.

In this particular issue, we mainly see the tactics discussed, not any politics, of which the book is weirdly generic, presenting the new Hyrda "spreading a message of intolerance and a cruelty to a lost generation of young people looking for some sense--any sense--of purpose...it encourages violence and savagery over the rule of law."

Spencer gives Cap a pretty good dig at congress, noting that while he and SHIELD failed to stop the second, secret prong of the attack, they all could do better, "Including the committee's members, who were on a six-week recess when this attack occurred." Burn!

Then Cap asks them to pass a formal declaration of war against Hydra, which is kinda funny in a not-at-all-funny way when one considers that congress was never receptive to issuing a formal declaration of war against ISIS upon President Barack Obama's request, but the U.S. still continues to operate against ISIS and other terrorist organizations under the increasingly legally-dubious September 2001 Authorization For Use of Military Force Against Terrorists, which granted the president the authority "to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons." ISIS didn't exist then, so a convincing case could be made that the presidents fighting them--first Obama, now Trump--are doing so without formal authority from congress, who are reluctant to "own" any part of military actions.

Maybe the Marvel Universe's version of the United States Congress is less politically cowardly than ours...?

The glimpses of Hydra agents we see, either in the field or in training, show that the group is entirely male, and mostly white, though there are a handful of black guys in there. Crossbones and a pair of two of the traditionally-garbed Hydra agents, in their green and yellow uniforms, are seen observing training.

Captain America: Steve Rogers #1
Art and color by Saiz


If the FCBD special was a prelude, this is the actual start of the "Hail Hydra" story arc, which backtracks a bit (we'll see Sin get her real face back, for example, and more on the business with congress). It is also the start of Steve's new origin story, or at least his new pre-origin story, as each of the issues that make up the rest of the trade will contain sections set in the 1920s, when Steve is still a very young boy in New York City.

These scenes all have more stylized coloring, all grays, blacks and browns with striking bits of red. In this issue's flashbacks, these first show Steve's father slapping his mother in the middle of the street in front of Steve, when suddenly a woman dressed like a flapper intervenes; she judo tosses Mr. Rogers, and introduces herself to Mrs. Rogers as Elisa Sinclair (Like a lot of the unfamiliar characters I encountered while reading, I Googled them later on to see if they were pre-existing characters or not; she seems to be a brand new one). In two later scenes in this book, she first takes Steve and his mom out to a fancy dinner and, as she's walking them home, she tells Sarah Rogers about "a sort of civic league" she's putting together, one where they "mostly just get together and talk about whats in the newspapers, or books we've read....Look for ways to help the community."

The flyer for the group? It features the Hydra logo--a red skull with six tentacles radiating from it--and the words "Secret Meeting; New York Chapter; The Hydra Society."
Looks legit.
Here and in later issues, Spencer is essentially trying to demonstrate how a woman like Sarah Rogers, suffering from crushing poverty and an abusive, alcoholic husband and worried about raising a child in a destitute slum, might conceivably be attracted to such a group, particularly when she finds a charming, wealthy patron. But it's kind of hard to get past that flyer. Is there no more benign a logo than a death's head and tentacles? And "hydra" doesn't exactly bring with it the most neutral of connotations, being a mythological monster or dragon and all.

The section of the issue set in the present has a lot in common with the plot of the FCBD special. Captain America is desperately trying to stop a Hydra terrorist plot, this one involving a suicide bomber on a train, while Sharon Carter and Rick Jones communicate with him via ear-piece. A couple of other patriotic heroes serve as back-up, but rather than Sam Wilson and company, it is Jack Flag and Free Spirit, two minor pre-existing Marvel characters I had to Google.

Meanwhile, Steve's narration tells us the story of the young man wearing the suicide vest, and how he fell in with Hydra. Steve does his best to talk him out of detonating his vest in the train engine, after Rick had remotely uncoupled it from the rest of the trains so no one other than Cap and the bomber are in danger, but he goes ahead and pushes the button anyway.

From there, Maria Hill gives Captain America and company the location of Baron Zemo, who they have been hunting since "Standoff." Zemo and the captive Cosmic Cube expert Doctor Erik Selvig are in the fictional city of Bagalia. The plan is to rescue Selvig and capture Zemo as they fly away in a jet above the city, but things go quite unexpectedly. While Zemo and Captain America are fighting, Jack Flag unexpectedly arrives and KOs Zemo. That's when Captain America, his narration boxes now dripping with equal parts regret and determination, grabs the young hero, hurls him out of the jet and turns to Selvig and says, "Hail Hydra."
So yeah, I'm sure that was a pretty big "Whaaaaaaa?!" moment the Wednesday it was released.

As for politics, Rick is locked in hacker vs. hacker electronic combat for control of the train Hydra was attacking, and his opponent had the user name of "Battlestar Johngaltica," to let you know where that particular Hydra agent falls on the political spectrum. The suicide bomber's life story is a sad one: Poverty, no education, crime, prison, drugs and, eventually, a meeting where The Red Skull speaks to a room full of Americans. Spencer devotes a full page to Skull's speech, and it's a long one.

I won't quote it at length here or anything, but rather than stock master race, Nazi stuff, Spencer has the Skull talking in the language of modern European nationalism. Having just returned from Germany, the Skull said what he found there was "an invading army...These so-called "refugees"-- millions of them-- marching across the continent, bringing their fanatical beliefs and their crime with them." He doesn't say the words "Muslim" or "Islam" or even place names like Syria, Iraq or the Middle East, but he doesn't have to...I'm assuming the reader will hear those words in his speech, and maybe, like me, wonder if those words should or shouldn't have been in the script after all. Is this another example of Marvel trying to publish a political comic that almost takes a stand, but backs down when it comes to the point of, like, drawing direct parallels to the real world?
Spencer has the Skull go on to note that Germany and America "did not see eye to eye" during the war, but that they had some things in common, like believing in the sacredness of borders and cultural uniformity, and he then goes on to talk about America being under siege in the same way Europe is (again, he never says "Mexican" or "Muslim") and even speaks scornfully of the political correctness of modern America culture, which brands anyone who speaks out against those laying siege to their culture as "bigots." This should sound awfully familiar, yes?

The bomber, by the way, fell in with a white supremacist gang while in prison, for protection rather than because of any genuine hatred in his heart, but once he joins Hydra, it seems to be a white supremacist-like organization, as he is forced to stand by and do nothing while his fellows beat a man to death "for no reason, other than the color of his skin."

Again then, Hydra is presented as falling somewhere between the far-right of American politics, using some language that would have sounded perfectly natural coming out of, say, Donald Trump's mouth during the previous presidential campaign or plenty of fixtures of the right-of-center media, and an actual neo-Nazi group, but, as the Skull sells it, it seems like nothing so much as it does a modern far-right European party reacting to the influx of immigrants and refugees following the Syrian civil war. (To be fair, Spencer also has the Red Skull speak a few lines that could be considered either leftist or libertarian, regarding the moneyed class' control of politics, but in our last scrambled election cycle, that was one of the few rhetorical targets shared by both Bernie Sanders and Trump.)

Captain America: Steve Rogers #2
Art and color by Saiz


Unlike the previous issue, this one is narrated by The Red Skull himself, and it basically lays out exactly how Captain America was made to turn, and how it is that it is being revealed that not only is he a Hydra sleeper agent, but he's always been one--not so much an "Everything you thought you knew about Captain America is wrong!" story so much as Spencer using a Marvel Universe maguffin to explain the story. As it was always safe to assume, it's the Cosmic Cube.

At some point in the past, denoted simply as "years ago" (there are no asterisks and editor's notes directing us to any past storyline in particular), Captain America threw his mighty shield at The Red Skull as the villain was reaching for his Cosmic Cube, in the process severing part of the Skull's arm and shattering the cube.

That is the cube that eventually gained sentience in a SHIELD lab, becoming the little girl Kobik. Because Kobik had a particularly affinity for him based on their time together, she sought out the Red Skull and, seeing what an opportunity this presented him with, he opted to nurture her, indoctrinating her into complete and total belief in his philosophy regarding Hydra.

At one point, in demonstrating her near-infinite powers, she "fixes" Doctor Selvig by rewriting his personal history so that he was now always a secret Hydra agent in service to the Red Skull.

From there, we basically get a the comic book equivalent of a villain monologue, as we see the events of "Standoff" from The Red Skull's point of view, and learn that it was he and Kobik who conceived of mind-wiping villains to put them in a sort of perfect prison, knowing how it would ultimately all blow up, and how the events would help Skull and hurt SHIELD in the long run. And, of course, during the moment in which she restores Rogers' youth and vitality, she does to him what she had previously done to Selvig, completely rewriting reality to alter Captain America.

In a very literal sense then, this isn't the "real" Captain America, but an in-universe reboot of the "real" Captain America into an alternate version of himself.

Honestly, seeing as it happened in the second issue of Spencer's series, it seems more perplexing still that anyone was all that upset over the storyline, as Spencer could hardly have been more up front about the fact that he was using as blatant and blunt a plot-device as possible to force the square peg of Captain America into the round hole of Hydra sleeper agent, and...and telegraphing that the same device could/would be used to revert Cap to his normal self at the end of the story. Again, this issue occurs immediately after the cliffhanger ending in which we learn that Captain America is a Hydra agent.

There's a scene where we see Red Skull laying in bed with Kobik, reading her a bedtime story about how awesome Hydra is, and she has a child-friendly version of the Hydra logo on her bedspread, a smiley face with smooth tentacles, which looks more like a happy jellyfish than a death's head seeking to grasp the whole world. Maybe Ms. Sinclair coulda used something closer like that for the logo of her 1920s Hydra book club...?

Captain America: Steve Rogers #3
Art by Saiz and color by Saiz and Rachelle Rosenberg


There's three story threads in this issue, set in different times. In 1926, we see Sarah Rogers at one of Elisa's Hydra Book Club meetings, where the hostess discovers that Sarah is wearing a scarf over her hair in order to conceal a particularly nasty-looking injury inflicted upon her by her husband. Later, near the climax of the issue, we see Mr. Rogers being chased, beaten and ultimately thrown into the river by two men, while Elisa watches.

In the present, there's a particularly peculiar scene that reminded me of many, many Star Wars comics. Cap strips off his shirt, paints a Hydra symbol over his chest and kneels before a blue hologram of The Red Skull. These scenes are so reminiscent of Darth Vader's holographic meetings with The Emperor that I can't imagine it is a coincidence. The content is even similar, as Cap reports to his superior what happened, The Skull rages at his subordinate's failures and, before it's all over, we see that Cap, like Vader, is totally plotting against his superior.

And, finally, in the recent past, we continue the story of what went down in Bagalia, which is what Cap is reporting to The Skull. It turns out that the fall didn't actually kill Jack Flag, but it's pretty touch-and-go, and he's unconscious, being loaded onto a stretcher. The locals, who, remember, are all villains, begin to show an interest in SHIELD being there, and the law-less land's "sheriff" The Taskmaster shows up to shove a sword right through Sharon's hand. Cap arrives just in time to beat the hell out of Taskmaster in a scene that demonstrates that Cap may be a few stripes short of a flag in a public way for the first time.

During the conversation between Cap and Skull, the latter berates the former for his repeatedly showing mercy and questioning Skull's ruthlessness--it appears that even as a bad guy, Captain America is something of a good bad guy. The cliffhanger reveals just how far Captain America is willing to go to challenge the Skull: It turns out he faked Doctor Sevlig's death in order to recruit him to help him overthrow the Red Skull so he can assume control of Hydra for himself.

See? Very Vader/Emperor, isn't it?

Captain America: Steve Rogers #4
Art by Javier Pina with Miguel Sepulveda and color art by Rosenberg


And now, I'm sorry to report, the inevitable happens: The mandatory Civil War II tie-begins, although interetsingly Spencer keeps Captain America on the sidelines, and, for the purposes of this book, the events of the Captain Marvel-vs.-Iron Man conflict is mostly seen through the prism of how The Red Skull and Cap regard the potential effects of Ulysses and the "war" on their own machinations. Meanwhile, in the pages of Civil War II, Bendis wrote Captain America as if here weren't secretly a Hydra sleeper agent. It's possible that Bendis didn't know what Spencer was up to, but unlikely. It seems like he simply chose to play Cap as so deep undercover that a reader of Civil War II wouldn't guess that something was off about Cap.

This is, again, a very busy issue with a lot going on in multiple timelines.

In the past, Sarah Rogers is packing and intent on getting her and little Steve the hell out of town, as she knows Elisa had her husband killed, despite the cover story that he was simply so drunk that he fell into the river and drowned. When Elisa confronts them and Steve is told to hide under the bed, one of Elisa's goons inadvertently kills Sarah, right in front of young Steve. Elisa finds him when he tries to run away.

In the present, Steve talks to Selvig in their new secret science base, and we see a flashback to how, exactly he acquired a secret science base. It involved killing The Red Ghost and his Super-Apes, which is a terrible thing. Hydra Cap may be more merciful than The Red Skull would like, but he has no compunction about slaughtering super-intelligent apes, apparently.

While he's talking to Selvig, we get reviews of plot points from the recent past, like the events of "Standoff," as well as checking in with what's going on with SHIELD (They're trying to figure out what to do with Maria Hill, exactly, while Sharon Carter is asking congress to sign some sort of super-Patriot Act that would give SHIELD broad, martial law-like authority to fight Hydra within the U.S.), what's up with Flag (he's in a coma; Free Spirit and Rick Jones are keeping him company in the hopes that he awakes), Steve knows where Kobik is and has all along (hanging out in the pages of the latest Thunderbolts series, I guess? This was before that was canceled?) and there's a reminder that the new Quasar character from "Standoff" is still a character that totally exists.

Despite Tony and Carol's mugs on the cover, in this issue we only see a few events from Civil War II, which Cap kind of talks over, so they seem to be here mainly as a marker of when this is going on in relation to the event series: There's the argument at Tony's victory (over the Celestial Destructor) party, there's Thanos (who Pina draws in a full broke-back position!) during the ambush sequence, and then there's Ulysses being discovered by the Inhumans...in that order, even though that's not the order in which those events occurred.
Cap concludes with another dramatic reveal, which I guess every single issue in this run ends with: He asks Selvig to help him kill The Red Skull, so they can save Hydra from him.

There's little in the way of politics in this issue, and most of it is pretty vague--corruption is bad, etc--but Cap does seem to distinguish this new Hydra from his own vision of it. He says Hydra isn't "a collection of marauding thugs, preaching blind hatred and intolerance," and those words appear over a panel showing a trio of men firing automatic weapons at targets. There are three of them; two white guys in sleeveless undershirts, one with a clearly visible Hydra tattoo, and then a black guy wearing combat gear. The third oone of them is holding some sort of huge machinegun with a belt, and is disintegrating the cardboard target he's firing at.

Interesting that the last issue revealed that even as a bad guy, Captain America is less of a bad guy than his archenemy, and here it becomes clear that even when reality is re-written to put them on the same team, their essential conflict is still there. The reasons might be different now, but it's still going to be Captain America fighting The Red Skull.

Captain America: Steve Rogers #5
Art by Pina and color art by Rosenberg


As the image of Captain America and Iron Man indicates, this is another kinda sorta Civil War II tie-in, and it's one that...complicates the Civil War II narrative.

In the flashback sequences, we see young Steve Rogers being driven in a car by Elisa and her two goons, crying for his mom the whole way. She calms him down by telling him that he's very important and has a very special destiny, and his mother is merely very ill and needs time to rest...but if he is able to persevere he will see his mother again. She drops him off with two men who introduce themselves as Daniel Whitehall and Doctor Sebastian Fenhoff (Post-reading Googling reveals the former to be the real name of a Hydra agent named Kraken who first appeared during Brian Michael Bendis' Secret Warriors book, while the latter is the father of long-time Cap villain and Kirby/Lee creation Doctor Faustus) .

Behind closed doors, Fenhoff strenuously objects to at taking Steven in for...whatever they do at what looks like a weird private school for little boys. When he is unmoved by Elisa's argument that Steven has a strong aura and calls her a charlatan, she somehow makes Fenhoff start vomiting up blood, and then it suddenly stops, leaving no trace of blood on him, as if it was all in his mind.

In the present sequences, this is basically a behind-the-scenes version of Civil War II (I can't help wonder what one might have made of this had one not read Civil War II first).

At the Celestial Destructor victory party, when Medusa and The Inhumans introduce Cap and the others to Ulysses, he calls off a major terrorist attack in Sokovia by Hydra so he can learn more.

When Cap discusses Ulysses' ability to predict future attacks with Selvig, he worries what that means for his own agenda and Selvig convinces him he must kill Ulysses to prevent him from revealing Cap ("No-- No, he's a kid--" Cap objects). Nevertheless, after the Thanos attack Caps sneaks into New Atillan and activates the glowing edge of his new gimmick-packed shield, apparently contemplating killing Ulysses--and saving us like the last five six issues of Civil War II and God only knows how many tie-ins!--when Iron Man arrives at Ulysses' bedside, and he gets into his thing with the Inhumans.

Meanwhile, Cap and Selvig cook up a plan to distract everyone by giving Ulysses something bigger to predict than Cap's plans for Hydra; apparently, the pair mail a package to Dr. Bruce Banner, which leads to a quick greatest hits of scenes form Civil War II, narrated by Cap: Dead Bruce Banner, Clint Barton on trial, She-Hulk going gray, the warehouse meeting meeting with Iron Man and Captain Marvel prior to their coming to blows and, most relevant to to Hydra, Ulysses' false vision of random financial lady Alison Greene, who Ulysses predicted was a Hydra sleeper agent, and who Carol locked up without ever charging with a crime, leading to the first (and only real) battle of the so-called "civil war."

When Cap consults The Skull's hologram to make sure that Greene is no way part of a Hydra plan, he gets instructions from the Skull on whose "side" to take: Captain Marvel's as long as she's winning, then Tony's if he starts winning, with the ultimate goal of snatching Ulysses to deliver to The Skull.

I'm not sure how well this lines up with Civil War II exactly, but I'm going to guess "fairly poorly," given that it seems odd that it was Selvig and Cap who were able to convince Banner to start experimenting on himself via anonymous letter, and he was doing so for, like, less than an issue of Civil War II before the whole superhero community came down on him like a ton of bricks. (This also implicates Captain America pretty directly in Bruce Banner's death, but there's little to no reaction from him in this issue or those that follow, which seems colder-hearted than the Captain America who is here struggling with killing good guys...and even suicidal Hydra agents. Communist super-spies and super-apes, however...)

Captain America: Steve Rogers 6
Art by Pina and color art by Rosenberg

The final issue of this collection is also a Civil War II tie-in.

In the first of the three flashback sequences, Fenhoff reports to Whitehall via letter how he continues to fail to see any real worth in young Steve Rogers, given how weak and sickly he is, even compared to other boys his age.

In the later sequences, now set in 1934, Li'l Steve attempts to runaway, but is confronted in the woods by a guy in a weird costume who introduces himself as The Kraken, and then takes off his helmet to reveal himself as Whitehall (who, it may ultimately be worth noting, looks an awful lot like an adult Steve Rogers).The final one has Whitehall delivering a long-ish speech to Steve, which is the part of the trade where Spencer offers an argument for fascism and racial or ethnic-based control of society. If anything in this book could conceivably alarm readers, I assume it is this passage, although I suppose it's worth stressing that Kraken/Whitehall is a bad guy, and this is his sales pitch to win over Steve. (Like, this past weekend I read Drawn and Quarterly's 2015 collection of  Shigeru Mizuki's Hitler, and Hitler gives voice repeatedly to his beliefs about Germany, the German people and the non-German people of the world, but at no point did I ever think, "Huh, Mizuki must believe all this stuff coming out of his protagonist's mouth, or why else would he write a comic that has these words in it?")

Again, I don't want to quote the whole thing, given it's length, but Whitehall notes that Steve's desire to run away and to be free of the Hydra indoctrination program at "The Keep" is an understandable instinct:
The country you're from, they indoctrinate you at a very young age. Prattle on about individualism, couch it in flowery words like "liberty" and "independence." But what it really means is isolation.
He goes on to talk about how that isolation leads to freedom, and how the corrupt capitalist system and the bureaucracy that supports it keeps those at the top wealthy and happy, while the lie of the American dream breaks the poor, like those in the neighborhood Steve grew up in, and that can lead to rather devastating outcomes for people like Steve's own father.

He says he believes "we are only strong when we act together," echoing sentiments from Hilary Clinton's campaign (Her slogan was literally "Stronger Together") and the Supergirl TV show, where the "S" symbol supposedly stands for "stronger together"); it might sound a bit like socialism or communism, but it also sounds a lot like democracy.

As he winds down however, it gets darker:
That is mankind's destiny. Not to be shackled in bureaucracies that work to maintain the corrupt order, but led by the strongest and most tested among us. Those willing to purge us of the parasites that  drag us down, and eager to strike at all those who would do us harm. Because those are the real threats, Steven... 
And someday they will come for us.
He continues for another page, discussing Elisa, what she did to Steve's mom, assuring her that she can and will keep her promise to reunite him with his mother no matter how impossible that might seem, and ending by an appeal for Steve to help him save the world.

There are bits of this sequence that can, and probably should, make one squirm a little. However, I think that is mostly because of how well Spencer is writing the book.  It would have been very easy for him to skip this scene, to skip the flashbacks all together, and not devote any page-space at all to showing how and why Steve Rogers decided to embrace Hydra.

In the present, Cap continues to narrate events from Civil War II, which here begin with the fight atop the Triskelion, interrupted by Ulysses' vision of Spider-Man Miles Morlaes having killed Cap on the steps of the Capitol. Then we see him go with Tony and company to their hide-out, and he and Tony have a heart-to-heart on the rooftop, which is apparently elaborate bit of psychological warfare, or at least manipulation, to get Tony off-balance for the big day.

I don't know if this contradicts Bendis' Civil War II plot, exactly, or it just wasn't made as clear in that book as it is here, but apparently Captain America, Iron Man and maybe even Spider-Man all go to the Capitol together as part of a plan to test the predictions. (And props to Spencer, by the way, for having Rick Jones say out loud: "But seriously--No one here has seen Minority Report?")

When Selvig tries to talk Captain America out of going, he says that during the vision, he looked not just as his own dead body in Spider-Man's hands, but he looked around and saw that his death would be "for the glory of Hydra." Weirdly then, this brings up another part of Civil War II that looks like it will be/was changed by comics published after it. First Bendis' own Jessica Jones reintroduced Alison Greene as an actual villain because of the events of Civil War II, so that Ulysses' vision was right, in a way, and now we know there's actually a pretty damn good reason for Spider-Man and Captain America to fight one another, and it may be in the event series to follow.

So that's Captain America: Steve Rogers Vol. 1. I'm honestly not trying to be contrarian or obtuse here, but aside from maybe being creeped out by the Kraken speech at the end, I couldn't find anything within the text of the book  itself that scans as upsetting, controversial or potentially upsetting or controversial.

I'd appreciate hearing in the comments from anyone who felt otherwise, though.
          Mesure de l'échelle des oscillations acoustiques de baryons dans la fonction de corrélation des forêts Lyman-alpha avec la distribution des quasars observés dans le relevé SDSS        
Hélion du MAS des BOURBOUX - DPhP - BAO - Du 08/09/2017 au 08/09/2017 - Soutenances de thèse - Bat 713, salle de séminaires Galilée CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers -
           MiNDSTEp differential photometry of the gravitationally lensed quasars WFI 2033-4723 and HE 0047-1756: microlensing and a new time delay         
Giannini, E.; Schmidt, R. W.; Wambsganss, J.; Alsubai, K.; Andersen, J. M.; Anguita, T.; Bozza, V.; Bramich, D. M.; Browne, P.; Calchi Novati, S.; Damerdji, Y.; Diehl, C.; Dodds, P.; Dominik, M.; Elyiv, A.; Fang, X.; Figuera Jaimes, R.; Finet, F.; Gerner, T.; Gu, S.; Hardis, S.; Harpsøe, K.; Hinse, T. C.; Hornstrup, A.; Hundertmark, M.; Jessen-Hansen, J.; Jørgensen, U. G.; Juncher, D.; Kains, N.; Kerins, E.; Korhonen, H.; Liebig, C.; Lund, M. N.; Lundkvist, M. S.; Maier, G.; Mancini, L.; Masi, G.; Mathiasen, M.; Penny, M.; Proft, S.; Rabus, M.; Rahvar, S.; Ricci, D.; Scarpetta, G.; Sahu, K.; Schäfer, S.; Schönebeck, F.; Skottfelt, J. ; Snodgrass, C. ; Southworth, J.; Surdej, J.; Tregloan-Reed, J.; Vilela, C.; Wertz, O. and Zimmer, F. (2017). MiNDSTEp differential photometry of the gravitationally lensed quasars WFI 2033-4723 and HE 0047-1756: microlensing and a new time delay. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 597, article no. A49.
           Flux and color variations of the quadruply imaged quasar HE 0435-1223         
Ricci, D.; Poels, J.; Elyiv, A.; Finet, F.; Sprimont, P. G.; Anguita, T.; Bozza, V.; Browne, P.; Burgdorf, M.; Calchi Novati, S.; Dominik, M.; Dreizler, S.; Glitrup, M.; Grundahl, F.; Harpsøe, K.; Hessman, F.; Hinse, T. C.; Hornstrup, A.; Hundertmark, M.; Jørgensen, U. G.; Liebig, C.; Maier, G.; Mancini, L.; Masi, G.; Mathiasen, M.; Rahvar, S.; Scarpetta, G.; Skottfelt, J. ; Snodgrass, C. ; Southworth, J.; Teuber, J.; Thöne, C. C.; Wambsganß, J.; Zimmer, F.; Zub, M. and Surdej, J. (2011). Flux and color variations of the quadruply imaged quasar HE 0435-1223. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 528, article no. A42.
           Flux and color variations of the doubly imaged quasar UM673         
Ricci, D.; Elyiv, A.; Finet, F.; Wertz, O.; Alsubai, K.; Anguita, T.; Bozza, V.; Browne, P.; Burgdorf, M.; Calchi Novati, S.; Dodds, P.; Dominik, M.; Dreizler, S.; Gerner, T.; Glitrup, M.; Grundahl, F.; Hardis, S.; Harpsøe, K.; Hinse, T. C.; Hornstrup, A.; Hundertmark, M.; Jørgensen, U. G.; Kains, N.; Kerins, E.; Liebig, C.; Maier, G.; Mancini, L.; Masi, G.; Mathiasen, M.; Penny, M.; Proft, S.; Rahvar, S.; Scarpetta, G.; Sahu, K.; Schäfer, S.; Schönebeck, F.; Schmidt, R.; Skottfelt, J. ; Snodgrass, C. ; Southworth, J.; Thöne, C. C.; Wambsganss, J.; Zimmer, F.; Zub, M. and Surdej, J. (2013). Flux and color variations of the doubly imaged quasar UM673. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 551, article no. A104.
           Herschel ATLAS: the cosmic star formation history of quasar host galaxies         
Serjeant, S. ; Bertoldi, F.; Blain, A. W.; Clements, D. L.; Cooray, A.; Danese, L.; Dunlop, J.; Dunne, L.; Eales, S.; Falder, J.; Hatziminaoglou, E.; Hughes, D. H.; Ibar, E.; Jarvis, M. J.; Lawrence, A.; Lee, M. G.; Michałowski, M.; Negrello, M. ; Omont, A.; Page, M.; Pearson, C. ; van der Werf, P. P.; White, G. ; Amblard, A.; Auld, R.; Baes, M.; Bonfield, D. G.; Burgarella, D.; Buttiglione, S.; Cava, A.; Dariush, A.; de Zotti, G.; Dye, S.; Frayer, D.; Fritz, J.; Gonzalez-Nuevo, J.; Herranz, D.; Ivison, R. J.; Lagache, G.; Leeuw, L.; Lopez-Caniego, M.; Maddox, S.; Pascale, E.; Pohlen, M.; Rigby, E.; Rodighiero, G.; Samui, S.; Sibthorpe, B.; Smith, D. J. B.; Temi, P.; Thompson, M.; Valtchanov, I. and Verma, A. (2010). Herschel ATLAS: the cosmic star formation history of quasar host galaxies. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 518, article no. L7.
          Astronomers have reconfirmed Einstein's most famous theory in a stunning way        

quantum fabric spacetime einstein rosen bridge wormhole worm hole space shutterstock_309841256

Once again, scientists have confirmed Einstein's theory of general relativity, which describes the way massive objects — like stars — cause space to bend.

For the first time, astronomers have glimpsed the bending of light from a more distant star by a nearby white dwarf. They then used Einstein's theory to calculate the white dwarf's mass. They published their study this week (June 7, 2017) in the peer-reviewed journal Science.

Kailash C. Sahu at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland led the international team that conducted this new research. The team used the Hubble Space Telescope to make their observations.

Terry Oswalt of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in Florida wrote a related perspective piece in the same issue of Science, and his university produced the explanatory video at the top of this post. Oswalt said in a statement:

The research by Sahu and colleagues provides a new tool for determining the masses of objects we can't easily measure by other means. The team determined the mass of a collapsed stellar remnant called a white dwarf star. Such objects have completed their hydrogen-burning life cycle, and thus are the fossils of all prior generations of stars in our galaxy, the Milky Way.

Einstein would be proud. One of his key predictions has passed a very rigorous observational test.

Einstein thumb05

Einstein himself believed you could, in theory, obtain mass measurements from gravitational lensing. But his astounding revelations about the universe didn't include predictions about the many advances in instrumentation that have actually occurred. Thus in a 1936 article in the Science, he wrote that because stars are so far apart:

… there is no hope of observing this phenomenon directly.

dwarf star bends light einstein relativity sahu1HRAnd yet, of course, the phenomenon of the bending of starlight has been observed, beginning with Arthur Eddington and team's May 1919 measurement of light bending around our local star, the sun, during a total solar eclipse. That early confirmation of Einstein's theory made headlines around the world and made Einstein the world's most famous scientist.

Since 1979, astronomers have had the technological oomph to observe the bending of light by yet-more-distant objects, starting with SBS 0957+561, aka the Twin Quasar.

In the 1980s, astronomers realized that the combination of CCD imagers and computers would allow the brightness of millions of stars to be measured each night. And since then — in observational programs such as Poland's Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment (OGLE), astronomers have discovered hundreds of examples of gravitational lensing and microlensing.

dwarf star bends light einstein relativity sahu2HR

The statement featuring Terry Oswalt at Embry-Riddle explained why this new research is different and significant:

When a star in the foreground passes exactly between us and a background star, gravitational microlensing results in a perfectly circular ring of light — a so-called 'Einstein ring.'

Sahu's group observed a much more likely scenario: Two objects were slightly out of alignment, and therefore an asymmetrical version of an Einstein ring formed. The ring and its brightening were too small to be measured, but its asymmetry caused the distant star to appear off-center from its true position. This part of Einstein's prediction is called 'astrometric lensing' and Sahu's team was the first to observe it in a star other than the sun …

Sahu's team measured shifts in the apparent position of a distant star as its light was deflected around a nearby white dwarf star called Stein 2051 B on eight dates between October 2013 and October 2015. They determined that Stein 2051 B — the sixth-closest white dwarf star to the sun — has a mass that is about two-thirds that of the sun.

Terry Oswalt explained that the finding is important because it "provides a new tool for determining the masses of objects we can't easily measure by other means." He said it also opens a new window to understanding "the history and evolution of galaxies such as our own."

Bottom line: Once again, Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity has been confirmed, using gravitational microlensing. Astronomers used the Hubble Space Telescope to measure the mass of a nearby white dwarf, as it bent the light of a more distant star.

SEE ALSO: NASA's $1 billion Jupiter probe has taken more stunning new images of the gas giant

DON'T MISS: The moon's gravity does not fully explain how ocean tides work

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          Meet the BOSS, the Largest Structure in the Universe (So Far)        
he English language has a few limitations. One such problem is describing size—words like big, humongous and immense don’t come close to describing the objects astronomers are discovering in deep space. There are definitely no words to describe their latest find, dubbed the BOSS Great Wall, which is a supercluster of galaxies over 1 billion light years across, making it the largest structure observed in the universe so far. The BOSS is named after the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey—an international effort to map galaxies and quasars in the early universe—and is like cosmic webbing. This wall is made up of...
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          Presentazione Master 2014: Architettura Virtuale, Industrial Design, Yacht Design, Hypergraphics        
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          Ketika Quasar Membuat Galaksi Induknya Berbentuk Mirip Donat        
Ilustrasi. Kredit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
Info Astronomy - Tahukah Anda apa itu quasar? Sebuah penelitian terhadap 29 quasar terang yang tersebar di alam semesta telah mengungkap sesuatu yang tidak terduga. Empat dari quasar-quasar ini terletak di dalam galaksi berdebu yang masih aktif melakukan pembentukan bintang, dan dengan energi yang sangat kuat, quasar-quasar ini membentuk lubang di tengah galaksi induknya.

Lubang tersebut membuat sang galaksi induk tampak bagaikan donat kosmik raksasa bertabur wijen kosmik yang terbuat dari bintang dan debu. Penemuan ini bisa membantu menjelaskan mengapa ada banyak galaksi raksasa hanya mampu menciptakan sedikit bintang setelah miliaran tahun terbentuk.

Ketika mengintip jauh kembali ke masa lalu, para astronom melihat galaksi-galaksi raksasa yang begitu sibuk membentuk bintang-bintang baru, galaksi-galaksi yang disebut sebagai galaksi starburst. Namun ketika melihat galaksi-galaksi yang berjarak lebih dekat, banyak galaksi raksasa sejenis yang tidak mampu menciptakan banyak bintang, bahkan menciptakan sebuah bintang baru. Teka-teki ini pun terjawab dari penelitian quasar tadi.

Sekelompok astronom yang dipimpin oleh Dr. Hai Fu dari Universitas Iowa telah mengamati beberapa galaksi starburst yang berjarak jauh dari Bumi. Karena jaraknya yang sangat jauh ini, galaksi-galaksi tersebut hanya muncul terang pada panjang gelombang yang lebih pendek dari satu milimeter.

Anehnya, banyak dari galaksi ini telah ditemukan berada dekat dengan quasar, yakni objek alam semesta yang merupakan sebuah lubang hitam supermasif yang menumpuk material dengan sangat cepat sehingga menghasilkan keluaran energi dalam jumlah besar. Diketahui, sekitar sepertiga dari jumlah quasar yang diketahui di alam semesta terletak pada jarak yang jauh dari 12 miliar tahun cahaya.

Untuk menyelidiki lebih jauh, Dr. Fu dan rekan-rekannya akhirnya menggunakan Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), sebuah teleskop radio yang berada di Cile. Dari 29 quasar yang diteliti, 16 kasus di antaranya memang berada dekat dengan galaksi starburst, namun bukan merupakan satu bagian.

Sementara itu, empat quasar lainnya lebih menarik lagi, quasar-quasar tersebut tampak berada di dalam sebuah galaksi starburst yang berdebu, tepatnya berada di area jantung galaksi. Hal ini tak terduga karena debu tebal semacam itu seharusnya menghalangi quasar.

Jadi, mengapa quasar-quasar ini bisa terlihat padahal seharusnya tidak? Dr. Fu dan rekan-rekannya mengusulkan teori yang menyatakan bahwa quasar tersebut telah mengeluarkan banyak energi sehingga mereka mengeluarkan cukup banyak gas dan debu yang telah mampu mengubah galaksi induknya menjadi bentuk donat.

Dr. Fu dan rekan-rekannya bisa melihat quasar ini melalui teleskop radio ALMA karena galaksi-galaksi tersebut memiliki lubang di bagian tengahnya akibat keberadaan quasar-quasar tadi. Akibat adanya quasar, banyak pula material dari galaksi-galaksi ini terhempas ke luar angkasa, menyebabkan pembentukan bintang berkurang dan bahkan berhenti, yang akhirnya mengarah membuat galaksi tersebut mati.

Penelitian quasar ini telah memberi kita informasi yang belum pernah didapatkan sebelumnya tentang evolusi galaksi dan materi yang mengelilingi galaksi-galaksi besar.


Sumber: Astrophysical Journal, EurekAlert, Swinburne University.
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9775 PAG Vehicle Battery Power Converter 200W

9775 PAG Vehicle Battery Power Converter 200W

PAG 9775 Vehicle Battery Power Converter 200W Features: Powers a wide range of PAG chargers from your vehicle battery via the cigar lighter socket Converts 12V DC to 300V DC 200W continuous output (250W for 5 minutes) Audible low battery voltage warning and latch-out system 141mm high x 94mm wide x 45mm deep / 0.8kg The PAG VBPC-200 (Vehicle Battery Power Converter) is a small, lightweight, economic unit that converts the vehicle’s 12V battery output to 300V DC, and is designed for powering equipment employing switched-mode conversion (where no mains transformer is used). The unit provides a powerful 200W continuous output and allows short term use up to 250W (up to 5 minutes). The power is sufficient to run PAG battery chargers and the integral chargers of all Pagbelts. The VBPC-200 is suitable for use with the following PAG chargers: PAGlink PL16 charger, RMC4X rack-mountable chargers, AR Series 2, Freelancer, Quasar, Pulsar, 12V AR Series, MC124 and the Pagbelt integral charger. (Not suitable for PAG Cube Chargers: 9702, 9702V and 9708). The unit is fitted with a lead terminated with a standard IEC plug, for connection to the charger, and a lead terminated with a connector suitable for a vehicle’s cigar lighter socket. An amber LED indicates connection to the vehicle battery. To turn the unit off, simply disconnect it from the cigar lighter socket. (The vehicle cigar lighter socket and wiring harness must be capable of carrying a minimum current of 20 amps). The unit incorporates an audible warning system which operates when the vehicle battery needs to be boosted by starting the vehicle’s engine. However, if the vehicle’s engine is not started and the battery voltage continues to fall, the unit will switch-off (latch-out), leaving enough power to start the vehicle. Unplugging the unit will reset the latch. Then, after boosting the vehicle battery, reconnect the unit.  


          El Arco de Artemisa. NOVEDADES        
REEDICIONES Y LANZAMIENTOS (Por Gustavo Aguilar)

La trilogía novelada “El Arco de Artemisa” es una obra concebida entre la gnosis, la fantasía, la ciencia ficción, el romance adolescente, el descubrimiento del erotismo, el gore visceral, el terror sobrenatural y la Sabiduría Hiperbórea.

[Image]El primer volumen de la obra, titulado “Primer Episodio, Prefacios de Batalla” y finalista del Premio Nacional de Novela Juvenil 2010, fue publicado por el Círculo de Amatista en la ciudad de La Paz —Bolivia— el 14 de noviembre del año 2011. Esta primera entrega inicia con el brutal asesinato de quien se convertiría en nexo de unión entre la obra y el autor —Gaburah L. Michel—. Dicho personaje responde al nombre de Rodrigo, un joven de 19 años que es hallado muerto y torturado en una habitación del Hospital Psiquiátrico de la Caja Nacional de Salud de Bolivia. El único testimonio póstumo de Rodrigo es una caja que contiene diarios y varios objetos personales de la gente que lo rodeó en vida. El autor, únicamente guiado por los diarios y los materiales que hereda de Rodrigo, se hace a la labor de literalizar todo lo recibido y narrarlo de forma novelada.

El prefacio de la obra consiste en el relato de los idílicos dramas y romances de los cuatro personajes principales, incluyendo al difunto Rodrigo entre ellos; todos, adolescentes de precoz desarrollo y excéntrico virtuosismo artístico. El relato escolar, imbricado de ternura, fuertes tensiones y pudorosas situaciones en el descubrimiento del romance y la sexualidad, se ve interrumpido por eventos sobrenaturales que sacan a los personajes de la narrativa adolescente-escolar y los arrastra a una espiral de sangrientos ataques y conspiraciones contra ellos y sus familias. Protegidos por dos misteriosos guerreros de sobrehumanas capacidades y maneras medievales, los personajes principales logran huir de sus cazadores furtivos y emprenden un largo viaje a una ciudad situada en un mundo paralelo. En ese lugar los elegidos aprenderán a luchar con técnicas hiperbóreas y se prepararán para la guerra.

A tres años de su publicación, el “Primer Episodio” ha logrado convertirse en una de las novelas de temática hiperbórea más vendidas y difundidas en Bolivia. Luego del éxito de la primera entrega el Círculo de Amatista, en asociación con la Asociación Universal Virgen de la Vega a través de su sello Editorial de la Casa de Tharsis, se complace en presentar la reedición de: “El Arco de Artemisa - Primer Episodio, Prefacios de Batalla”.




Esta entrega reeditada contiene varias escenas cortadas por el propio autor, así como artes de bonificación dentro de la galería gráfica y la inclusión de diversas situaciones censuradas, inicialmente contempladas en el manuscrito original. Asimismo, para mayor accesibilidad, la novela es presentada en versión exclusivamente digital; diagramada y pensada para una cómoda lectura en medios digitales.

[Image]El relanzamiento del “Primer Episodio” prologa la pronta publicación del “Segundo Episodio” de esta trilogía novelada, programada para el verano del 2014. En esta ocasión nos encontramos con un Gaburah L. Michel que busca la forma de continuar el relato de los diarios de Rodrigo y los demás personajes, pero sin salir del realismo dialéctico. El “Segundo Episodio” reta al lector a abandonar los convencionalismos lógicos para dejarse llevar al mundo de la plena fantasía, pero con evidentes exhibiciones de realidad histórica. El viaje de los personajes principales continúa y, en el proceso, el libro devela los Doce Misterios que explican la Sabiduría Hiperbórea al mismo tiempo que narra diversos avistamientos del Arco de Artemisa a lo largo de la Historia de la humanidad. Esta entrega está repleta de analogías, mitos, cuentos, batallas legendarias y aventuras en los lugares más inaccesibles. Los baños de sangre se convierten en denominador de la obra que, dentro de su relato, incluye los dulces matices románticos y sensuales de la primera entrega, sólo que esta vez complementados con el transcurrir de la obra de fantasía y ciencia ficción.

“El Arco de Artemisa – Segundo Episodio, Los Doce Misterios” se proyecta como una de las novelas hiperbóreas más importantes de la última década, tomando elementos de autores como Miguel Serrano, Zecharia Sitchin, Felipe Moyano, Jeff Long y J.R.R Tolkien; el magnífico trabajo de compendio de los Fundamentos de la Sabiduría Hiperbórea, contenido en las doce estratagemas identificadas por el autor, más el apasionante curso de un relato lleno de enigmas y avatares, convierte a “El Arco de Artemisa – Segundo Episodio, Los Doce Misterios” como el volumen más enriquecedor dentro de la trilogía. Sin duda es una de las novelas de corte hiperbóreo más esperadas de la temporada que en el transcurso del 2014 se reencontrará con sus lectores.

Otros trabajos del autor 

[Image]Gaburah L. Michel (pseudónimo) es uno de los primeros autores bolivianos que ha empezado a trabajar dentro de la temática hiperbórea mediante el género novelístico. Sus obras literarias son magníficamente acompañadas por álbumes musicales que complementan una relación entre música y literatura.

[Image]Como pianista, escritor, filósofo y comunicador social, Gaburah L. Michel ha amalgamado sus diversos oficios y los ha puesto al servicio del Revisionismo Histórico y la denuncia de múltiples verdades veladas por la censura del sistema. Entre los trabajos más destacados del autor se encuentra el ensayo gnóstico y científico titulado: “La Lengua del Pasú”, una grandiosa obra de corte empírico que busca probar, mediante la evidencia científica, la certeza y total veracidad de los Fundamentos de la Sabiduría Hiperbórea. También hay que mencionar su inmersión en el género de la Ciencia Ficción a través de su última novela, titulada: “Praetorian, Días sin Luz”; una maravillosa historia de amor y guerra que se desenvuelve en el espacio sideral y que puede ser catalogada como una mezcla de cyber-punk y space-opera, duramente influenciada por la obra de Felipe Moyano, Jack Vance, Ray Bradbury, Gabriel Baar y Vladimir Nabokov.

[Image]Entre sus trabajos musicales encabeza la banda sonora desarrollada para el Primer Episodio de “El Arco de Artemisa”. Un álbum musical que contiene piezas delicadamente compiladas y seleccionadas, así como obras originales extraídas del contexto de la novela y que fueron bellamente interpretadas por el autor, grabadas y montadas. Asimismo destaca el álbum “Quásar”, banda sonora de la novela detectivesca y de horror del mismo nombre. El sonido tétrico y estridente de esta entrega ambienta las más brutales paranoias y los miedos más profundos mediante un magnífico trabajo de edición musical. Finalmente cabe mencionar el pronto lanzamiento de la banda sonora de “Praetorian, Días sin Luz”, un álbum en el que el autor promete encontrar a su audiencia con el más purista sonido New Age, psicodélico y sintetizado, totalmente pensado para dar una sensación de existencia en el espacio sideral dentro de la mente de los escuchas.



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PRÓXIMAMENTE








[Image]Finalmente, embarcado dentro del Proyecto OVNIS Radio, Gaburah L. Michel se asoció con Pablo Santa Cruz para realizar la radionovela titulada: “Belicena Villca, la Última Princesa Inca”. Este nuevo trabajo surge dentro de un hermético esoterismo que ve la necesidad de surgir mediante la guionización de una maravillosa novela escrita por Pablo Santa Cruz En esta ocasión nos encontramos con un Gaburah L. Michel totalmente volcado a la edición de sonido, dando ambiente a la magnífica historia de Belicena Villca a través de sus avatares de vida durante sus viajes por América y su posterior reclusión en una clínica psiquiátrica.


          EXIT DE LA 2ª EDICIO FORUM OPORTUNITATS - ROSES        





Èxit de la 2ª Edició del Fòrum d’oportunitats de Roses


El passat 29 de març a la tarda va tenir lloc la segona edició del Fòrum d’oportunitats a Roses al Teatre Municipal amb un gran èxit de participació.

En aquesta edició, quatre emprenedors, amb la finalitat de buscar col·laboracions, van presentar els seus projectes.

  • Tanja Lutteropp amb el seu projecte Personimals, un centre de recuperació física i mental per animals.
  • Jordi Vilà que va presentar dues aplicacions, Pona que permet facilitar la ubicació de contactes i Reservació per fer reserves hoteleres.
  • Mar Brusau amb l’empresa Cargo Blauw Logistic Solutions dedicada al transport.
  • Martí Dominguez va presentar el seu projecte Quantum Quasar System dedicat a la creació d’un videojoc.

Així com Dennis Lutteropp, que va ser un dels joves emprenedor que va presentar el seu projecte de compravenda de cotxes d’ocasió al Fòrum d’oportunitats realitzat a Figueres el passat mes de novembre, i demanava un local per poder engegar el seu projecte. Però en aquesta ocasió va venir a donar a conèixer la seva empresa ja creada i a explicar com li havien servit d’ajuda actes com aquest Fòrum per poder fer-ho realitat.

A la mateixa jornada també s’hi van presentar diferents serveis dirigits a emprenedors, com l’empresa Financeinn dedicada a buscar finançament pels projectes, l’empresa Mynformatic que ofereix serveis informàtics, Cisle, S.L. que gestiona subvencions per a empreses, i Ca la Marutxi, casa rural que ofereix maridatges per esdeveniments i ajuda a petites empreses per crear sinergies.

Al final de la sessió, que va durar unes 3 hores es va celebrar un ‘networking’ on els participants van intercanviar opinions i propostes de possible col·laboració en un futur.

Volem donar les gràcies a tots els participants per la seva assistència i col·laboració.

          Yeah, but.....        
We're starting to see a little bit of a trend forming at the moment whereby a brewery will take one of their well know beers, basically double the strength of it and release it as a limited edition, special beer. I don't see this as a hard thing to do. Upping the abv of a beer is an easy task for an experienced brewer. Charging twice as much for the beer, at the end of the day, is a bit of a marketing ploy. And a clever one at that, don't get me wrong!

Let's look at some of the recent examples that've come through the shop over the past few months:

William's Brothers Joker & Double Joker
Buxton Imperial Black & Battle Horse
Buxton Axe Edge & Double Axe
Ilkley Mary Jane & Mary Jane IPA
Pressure Drop Bosko & Bosko Absoluto
Magic Rock Cannonball & Un Human Cannonball

I'm sure there are more, but asked for the beer I'm drinking right now; It's that well talked about Jaipur X. It's a beer they brewed to celebrate their 10th birthday, and rightly so, I'm not saying don't celebrate. What I will say is though that I personally think there's about 75% of these amped-up beers that don't work because of their increased abvs..! They seem too big for their own good. The alcohol masks the flavours with a prickly warming heat which distracts from what the beer was in the first place.


I can foresee a few coming in the current year as well...

Siren Soundwave & Ultrasonic
Weird Beard 5 O'clock Shadow & 10 O'clock Shadow
Beavertown Gamma Ray & Quasar Beam
Wild Beer Co Madness & Beyond Madness
Red Willow Ageless & Deathless
Roosters Baby Faced AssassinBabygesichtige Attentäter

Ok, maybe these are a bit far fetched, but are they though?? I think the problem lies in the fact that if you have such a good beer to begin with, why would you want to mess with it? When you have a beer that's so well know, so well loved, there's going to be a few things to happen when you make it stronger..

On the one hand you're going to get the beer nerd die hards who'll say yeah, it's good, but it's not as good as the original. Hashtag 'not my beer!' totes..

On another hand you'll get people saying, yeah it's really good, I really like it, but it's completely different.. Why didn't they just package it as something else...

And then you'll have the beige group who'll just stump at the cash without having an opinion because it's what everyone else is buying.

For me it's not progression.. Of course you should, and need to pay homage to the past, but it's not moving forward. Love the beers you've made, respect them, keep them alive and move on. It's not forgetting them! Jaipur X is a really nice beer, (go out and buy it, you should!) but I'd prefer a pint of regular Jaipur and set my lustful eye on their Bamberg Smoked Bock that's coming out soon. That for me is progression.


          Quasars come candele standard        
La nuova tecnica si basa su una relazione tra la luminosità di un quasar nelle lunghezze d'onda dei raggi X e degli ultravioletti ed è stata messa a punto da due ricercatori italiani, Guido Risaliti e Elisabeta Lusso. Il loro lavoro è stato pubblicato su The Astrophysical Journal.
          Gravitational Wave Kicks Monster Black Hole Out Of Galactic Core        

Runaway black hole is the most massive ever detected far from its central home
Normally, hefty black holes anchor the centers of galaxies. So researchers were surprised to discover a supermassive black hole speeding through the galactic suburbs. Black holes cannot be observed directly, but they are the energy source at the heart of quasars — intense, compact gushers of radiation that can outshine an entire galaxy. NASA's Hubble Space Telescope made the discovery by finding a bright quasar located far from the center of the host galaxy.

Researchers estimate that it took the equivalent energy of 100 million supernovas exploding simultaneously to jettison the black hole. What could pry this giant monster from its central home? The most plausible explanation for this propulsive energy is that the monster object was given a kick by gravitational waves unleashed by the merger of two black holes as a result of a collision between two galaxies. First predicted by Albert Einstein, gravitational waves are ripples in the fabric of space that are created when two massive objects collide.


          Hubble Finds That the Nearest Quasar Is Powered by a Double Black Hole        

Quasars are the light fantastic. These brilliant cores of active galaxies blaze with the radiance of a hundred billion stars compressed into a region of space not much larger than our solar system. Supermassive black holes, with millions or billions of times the mass of our sun, are the only imaginable powerhouse behind these tsunamis of raw energy.

Hubble Space Telescope astronomers set their sights on the nearest quasar to Earth, Markarian 231, located 581 million light-years away. Black holes – even supermassive ones – are too compact to be resolved by any present-day telescope. So, astronomers did the next best thing, measure all the light from a disk of infalling material around the black hole. The ultraviolet radiation – only measurable by Hubble – revealed evidence for a curious gap in the disk. Instead of being pancake shaped, it looks more like it has a big donut hole. The best explanation for the gap is that two black holes are orbiting each other in a dizzying dance that powers the quasar fireworks. This carves out the gap. The second black hole must have come from a smaller galaxy that merged with Markarian 231 to ignite the quasar about 1 million years ago.


          Hubble Sees the 'Teenage Years' of Quasars        

Quasars are the light fantastic. They are the brightest beacons in the universe, blazing across space with the intrinsic brightness of one trillion suns. Yet the objects are not vast galaxies, but they appear as pinpoint sources in the biggest telescopes of today – hence the term "quasar" for quasi-stellar object. Discovered in the 1960s, it took more than two decades of research to come to the conclusion that quasars are produced by the gusher of energy coming from over-fed supermassive black holes inside the cores of very distant galaxies. And, most quasars bloomed into a brief existence 12 billion years ago.

The big question has been, why? What was happening in the universe 12 billion years ago? The universe was smaller and so crowded that galaxies collided with each other much more frequently than today. Astronomers using Hubble's near-infrared vision tested this hypothesis by looking at dusty quasars where their glow was suppressed by dust, allowing a view of the quasar's surroundings. Hubble's sharp vision revealed chaotic collisions between galaxies that gave birth to quasars by fueling a supermassive central black hole.

Join astronomers during the live Hubble Hangout discussion at 3:00 pm EDT on Thurs., June 18, to learn even more about quasars and the Hubble Space Telescope. To join, visit http://hbbl.us/z7F .


          Hubble Finds Giant Halo Around the Andromeda Galaxy        

The Andromeda galaxy is our Milky Way's nearest neighbor in space. The majestic spiral of over 100 billion stars is comparable in size to our home galaxy. At a distance of 2.5 million light-years, it is so close to us the galaxy can be seen as a cigar-shaped smudge of light high in the autumn sky. But if you could see the huge bubble of hot, diffuse plasma surrounding it, it would appear 100 times the angular diameter of the full Moon! The gargantuan halo is estimated to contain half the mass of the stars in the Andromeda galaxy itself. It can be thought of as the "atmosphere" of a galaxy. Astronomers using Hubble identified the gas in Andromeda's halo by measuring how it filtered the light of distant bright background objects called quasars. It is akin to seeing the glow of a flashlight shining through a fog. This finding promises to tell astronomers more about the evolution and structure of one of the most common types of galaxies in the universe.


          Hubble Finds Phantom Objects Near Dead Quasars        

In 2007, Dutch schoolteacher Hanny van Arkel discovered a never-before-seen ghostly structure near a galaxy, while she was participating in an online amateur scientist project called Galaxy Zoo. The galaxy hosts a bright quasar that may have illuminated the apparition by hitting it with a beam of light from hot gas around a central black hole. Astronomers eagerly used the Hubble Space Telescope to do follow-up observations, which revealed knots of dust and gas in the "greenish blob." Assuming that this feature could offer insights into the puzzling behavior of active galaxies, Bill Keel of the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, initiated a search for other similar phenomenon. After all, where there's one strange blob there could be more. Keel had 200 volunteers look at archival data of 15,000 galaxies hosting quasars. In the end, he found eight other galaxies with bright active nuclei that have illuminated material far outside the radius of the galaxy. The eerie structures have looping, spiral, and braided shapes. Hubble's images show that they are like the remnants of galaxy collisions.

Join Hubble scientists for a live Hubble Hangout discussion at 3pm EDT on Thurs., April 2, to learn even more. Visit: http://hbbl.us/y6c .


          Hubble Discovers that Milky Way Core Drives Wind at 2 Million Miles Per Hour        

At a time when our earliest human ancestors had recently mastered walking upright, the heart of our Milky Way galaxy underwent a titanic eruption, driving gases and other material outward at 2 million miles per hour. Now, at least 2 million years later, astronomers are witnessing the aftermath of the explosion: billowing clouds of gas towering about 30,000 light-years above and below the plane of our galaxy.

The enormous structure, dubbed the Fermi Bubbles, was discovered five years ago as a gamma-ray glow on the sky in the direction of the galactic center. The balloon-like features have since been observed in X-rays and radio waves. But astronomers needed NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to measure for the first time the velocity and composition of the mystery lobes. They now seek to calculate the mass of the material being blown out of our galaxy, which could lead them to determine the outburst's cause from several competing scenarios. The graphic shows how Hubble probed the light from a distant quasar to analyze the outflow. The quasar's light passed through one of the bubbles. Imprinted on that light is information about the outflow's speed, composition, and eventually mass.


          Most Quasars Live on Snacks, Not Large Meals        

Black holes in the early universe needed a few snacks rather than one giant meal to fuel their quasars and help them grow, a new study shows. Quasars are the brilliant beacons of light that are powered by black holes feasting on captured material, and in the process, heating some of the matter to millions of degrees. The brightest quasars reside in galaxies distorted by collisions with other galaxies. These encounters send lots of gas and dust into the gravitational whirlpool of hungry black holes. Now, however, astronomers are uncovering an underlying population of fainter quasars that thrive in normal-looking spiral galaxies. They are triggered by black holes snacking on such tasty treats as a batch of gas or the occasional small satellite galaxy.

A census of 30 quasar host galaxies conducted with two of NASA's premier observatories, the Hubble Space Telescope and Spitzer Space Telescope, has found that 26 of the host galaxies bear no tell-tale signs of collisions with neighbors, such as distorted shapes. Only one galaxy in the sample shows evidence of an interaction with another galaxy. The galaxies existed roughly 8 billion to 12 billion years ago, during a peak epoch of black-hole growth. The study bolsters evidence that the growth of most massive black holes in the early universe was fueled by small, long-term events rather than dramatic short-term major mergers.


          Astronomers Using NASA's Hubble Discover Quasars Acting as Gravitational Lenses        

Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have found several examples of galaxies containing quasars, which act as gravitational lenses, amplifying and distorting images of galaxies aligned behind them.

Quasars are among the brightest objects in the universe, far outshining the total starlight of their host galaxies. Quasars are powered by supermassive black holes. To find these rare cases of galaxy-quasar combinations acting as lenses, a team of astronomers selected 23,000 quasar spectra in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). They looked for the spectral imprint of galaxies at much greater distances that happened to align with foreground galaxies. Once candidates were identified, Hubble's sharp view was used to look for gravitational arcs and rings (indicated by the arrows in these three Hubble photos) that would be produced by gravitational lensing.


          Hubble Zooms in on a Space Oddity        

A ghostly, glowing, green blob of gas has become one of astronomy's great cosmic mystery stories. The space oddity was spied in 2007 by Dutch high-school teacher Hanny van Arkel while participating in the online Galaxy Zoo project. The cosmic blob, called Hanny's Voorwerp (Hanny's Object in Dutch), appears to be a solitary green island floating near a normal-looking spiral galaxy, called IC 2497. Since the discovery, puzzled astronomers have used a slew of telescopes, including X-ray and radio observatories, to help unwrap the mystery. Astronomers found that Hanny's Voorwerp is the only visible part of a 300-light-year-long gaseous streamer stretching around the galaxy. The greenish Voorwerp is visible because a searchlight beam of light from the galaxy's core illuminated it. This beam came from a quasar, a bright, energetic object that is powered by a black hole. An encounter with another galaxy may have fed the black hole and pulled the gaseous streamer from IC 2497.

Now, with the help of NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers have uncovered a pocket of young star clusters (colored yellow-orange in the image) at the tip of the green-colored Hanny's Voorwerp. Hubble also shows that gas flowing from IC 2497 (the pinkish object with the swirling spiral arms) may have instigated the star birth by compressing the gas in Hanny's Voorwerp.


          Hubble Astronomers Uncover an Overheated Early Universe        

If you think global warming is bad, 11 billion years ago the entire universe underwent, well, universal warming. The consequence was that fierce blasts of radiation from voracious black holes stunted the growth of some small galaxies for a stretch of 500 million years. Astronomers used the Hubble Space Telescope's Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) to identify an era, from 11.7 to 11.3 billion years ago, when the universe burned off a fog of primeval helium. This heated intergalactic gas was inhibited from gravitationally collapsing to form new generations of stars in some small galaxies.

The telltale helium spectral absorption lines were measured in the ultraviolet light from a quasar – the brilliant core of an active galaxy. The quasar beacon shines light through intervening clouds of invisible gas, like a headlight shining through a fog. The beam allows for a core-sample probe of the clouds of gas interspersed between galaxies in the early universe. The universe was a rambunctious place back then. Giant galaxies frequently collided. This engorged supermassive black holes in the cores of galaxies with infalling gas. The black holes furiously converted some of this mass to powerful far-ultraviolet radiation that would blaze out of galaxies. This heated intergalactic helium from 18,000 degrees Fahrenheit to nearly 40,000 degrees. Only after the helium cooled down could small galaxies resume normal assembly.


          Hubble Survey Finds Missing Matter, Probes Intergalactic Web        

In the May 20 issue of The Astrophysical Journal, Charles Danforth and Mike Shull (University of Colorado, Boulder) report on NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and NASA's Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer (FUSE) observations taken along sight-lines to 28 quasars. Their analysis represents the most detailed observations to date of how the intergalactic medium looks within about four billion light-years of Earth. The astronomers say they have definitively found about half of the missing normal matter, called baryons, in the space between the galaxies.

This illustration shows how the Hubble Space Telescope searches for missing baryons, by looking at the light from quasars several billion light-years away. Imprinted on that light are the spectral fingerprints of the missing ordinary matter that absorbs the light at specific frequencies (shown in the colorful spectra at right). The missing baryonic matter helps trace out the structure of intergalactic space, called the "cosmic web."


          Hubble Spies Shells of Sparkling Stars Around Quasar        

What has appeared as a mild-mannered elliptical galaxy in previous studies is revealing its wild side in new images taken with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. The Hubble photos show shells of stars around a bright quasar, known as MC2 1635+119, which dominates the center of the galaxy. The shells' presence indicates a titanic clash with another galaxy in the relatively recent past. The collision also is funneling gas into the galaxy's center and is feeding a supermassive black hole. The accretion onto the black hole is the source of the quasar's energy. This observation supports the idea that at least some quasars are born from interactions between galaxies.


          Hubble Captures a "Five-Star" Rated Gravitational Lens        

NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has captured the first-ever picture of a group of five star-like images of a single distant quasar.

The multiple-image effect seen in the Hubble picture is produced by a process called gravitational lensing, in which the gravitational field of a massive object - in this case, a cluster of galaxies - bends and amplifies light from an object - in this case, a quasar - farther behind it.


          Black Hole in Search of a Home        

A team of European astronomers has used two of the most powerful astronomical facilities available, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and the European Southern Observatory's (ESO) Very Large Telescope (VLT) at Cerro Paranal, to find a bright quasar without a massive host galaxy. Quasars are powerful and typically very distant sources of prodigious amounts of radiation. They are commonly associated with galaxies containing an active central black hole. The team confidently concludes that the quasar on the left, HE0450-2958 (in the center, distance about 5 billion light-years) does not have a massive host galaxy. The quasar HE1239-2426 to the right (at a distance of 1.5 billion light-years), has a normal host galaxy which displays large spiral arms.


          Hubble Probes the Heart of a Nearby Quasar        

The Hubble Space Telescope's new Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) has provided the clearest view yet in visible light of the nearby quasar, 3C 273 [image at right]. Using the new camera's coronagraph to block the light from the brilliant central quasar, astronomers discovered that the quasar's host galaxy is significantly more complex than had been suggested in previous observations. Features in the surrounding galaxy that are normally drowned out by the quasar's glow now show up clearly. The ACS reveals a spiral plume wound around the quasar and a red dust lane. Material in the form of a clump and a blue arc are shown in the path of a jet that was blasted from the quasar.


          Odd Couple Widely Separated by Time and Space        

Appearances can be deceiving. In this NASA Hubble Space Telescope image, an odd celestial duo, the spiral galaxy NGC 4319 [center] and a quasar called Markarian 205 [upper right], appear to be neighbors. In reality, the two objects don't even live in the same city. They are separated by time and space. NGC 4319 is 80 million light-years from Earth. Markarian 205 (Mrk 205) is more than 14 times farther away, residing 1 billion light-years from Earth. The apparent close alignment of Mrk 205 and NGC 4319 is simply a matter of chance.


          Leonid Meteor Storm Won't Deter Hubble from Space Observations        

The anticipated celestial bombardment called the Leonid meteor storm on the afternoon of November 17th, 1998 won't deter the Hubble telescope from its key mission of gazing far across the universe - as long as the view is in the opposite direction of the incoming meteor swarm.

Using the brilliant glow of a distant quasar located near the southern boundary of the constellation Aquarius, Hubble will probe galaxy formation and the distribution of matter in space. The Hubble data will become immediately available to the astronomical community.


          New Research That Uses Gravitationally Lensed Quasars to Measure Universe is Good News, Bad News for Cosmologists        

Astronomers who are using the Hubble telescope to observe the gravitational lensing of light from distant quasars have discovered new evidence about the rate at which the universe is expanding.

The lensing study shows that the universe is expanding at rates slightly slower than, but similar to, rates calculated from the Hubble Key Project to measure the size and age of the universe. The distance scale was one of the primary science problems that Hubble was built to address. In the infrared picture on the left, the light from the quasar PG 1115+080 is split and distorted. In the infrared picture on the right, the four quasar images and the lens galaxy have been subtracted, revealing a nearly complete ring of infrared light. A gravitational lens is created when the gravity of a massive foreground object, such as a galaxy or a black hole, bends the light coming from a far more distant galaxy directly behind it. This "gravitational muscle" focuses the light to give multiple or distorted images of the background object as seen by the observer.


          Massive Black Holes Dwell in Most Galaxies, According to Hubble Census        

Announcing the discovery of three black holes in three normal galaxies, astronomers suggest that nearly all galaxies may harbor super-massive black holes that once powered quasars (extremely luminous objects in the centers of galaxies), but are now quiescent.

This conclusion is based on a census of 27 nearby galaxies carried out by the Hubble telescope and ground-based observatories in Hawaii. The three galaxies in these images are believed to contain central, super-massive black holes. The galaxy NGC 4486B [lower left] shows a double nucleus [lower right]. The picture at lower right is a close-up of the central region of NGC 4486B.


          Hubble Surveys the "Homes" of Quasars        

Dramatic Hubble telescope pictures reveal that quasars live in a remarkable assortment of galaxies, many of which are violently colliding. This complicated picture suggests there may be a variety of mechanisms – some quite subtle – for "turning on" quasars, the universe's most energetic objects.

When seen through ground-based telescopes, these compact, enigmatic light sources resemble stars, yet they are billions of light-years away and several hundred billion times brighter than normal stars. The following Hubble snapshots offer examples of quasar home sites. Astronomers believe that a quasar turns on when a massive black hole at the center of a galaxy feeds on gas and stars.


          Hubble Achieves Milestone: 100,000th Exposure        

The Hubble telescope reached a milestone several years sooner than scientists expected when it snapped its 100,000th exposure June 22, 1996. The six-year-old orbiting observatory has averaged 1,389 exposures a month, an amount that would make any photographer envious.

This black-and-white picture represents the telescope's 100,000th exposure: a quasar that resides about 9 billion light-years from Earth. The quasar is the bright object in the center of the photo. The fainter object just above it is an elliptical galaxy. Although the two objects appear to be close together, they are actually separated by about 2 billion light-years.


          Findings from Hubble Deep Field Hone in on Distant Galaxies        

Astronomers analyzing the Hubble Deep Field - the faintest view of the universe taken with the Hubble telescope - may have identified what may prove to be the most distant objects observed to date.

Scattered among the nearly 2,000 galaxies in the Hubble images, which were taken in December 1995, researchers have found several dozen galaxies they believe exhibit characteristics which make them appear to be more distant than any seen previously. Six of the galaxies appear to be more distant than the farthest quasars, the current distance record holders. The arrow pinpoints one of those six galaxies.


          Hubble Opens Doorway to Systematic Search for Black Holes        

Hubble Space Telescope's ongoing black hole hunt has bagged yet another supermassive black hole in the universe. The compact object - equal to the mass of two billion suns - lies at the heart of the edge-on galaxy NGC 3115, located 30 million light-years away in the constellation Sextans.

This result promises to open the way to systematic demographic studies of very massive black holes that might once have powered quasars - objects that are incredibly small, yet release a gusher of light and other radiation.


          Surprising Hubble Images Challenge Quasar Theory        

Astronomers report today that new observations from the Hubble telescope challenge 30 years of scientific theory about quasars, the most energetic objects in the universe. Hubble images show, to the surprise of researchers, that the environment surrounding quasars is far more violent and complex than expected, providing evidence of galactic collisions and mergers.

This Hubble picture provides evidence for a merger between a quasar and a companion galaxy. The bright central object is the quasar itself, located several billion light-years away. The two wisps on the left of the central object are remnants of a bright galaxy that have been disrupted by the mutual gravitational attraction between the quasar and the companion galaxy.


          Hubble Uncovers a Hidden Quasar in a Nearby Galaxy (Cygnus A)        

Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have found, to their surprise, that a relatively nearby galaxy harbors a powerful quasar. This active galaxy, known as Cygnus A, is the second strongest radio source in the sky.


          Hubble Resolves Quasars' Host Galaxies        

This Hubble telescope image [right] reveals a faint galaxy, the home of a quasar. The wealth of new detail in this picture helps solve a three-decade-old mystery about the true nature of quasars, the most distant and energetic objects in the universe.

The picture clearly shows that the quasar, called 1229+204, lies in the core of a galaxy that has a common shape, consisting of two spiral arms of stars connected by a bar-like feature. The host galaxy is in a spectacular collision with a dwarf galaxy. That collision apparently fuels the quasar "engine" at the galaxy's center - presumably a massive black hole - and also triggers many sites of new star-formation. A ground-based telescope also snapped a view of the quasar and its host galaxy [left].


          HST Snaps Optical Jet of Quasar 3c 273        

The Green (V band) image (left) shows the field around the quasar 3c 273 (courtesy Matthew Colless, David Schade and the CFHT). The optical jet can be seen SW of the quasar. The blue (B band) image (right) shows the optical jet as seen by the Faint Object Camera (FOC) on board the Hubble Space Telescope. For comparasion, the 11X11 arcsec FOC field of view is marked on the ground based CFHT image. The insert (right) is a Maximum Entropy reconstruction of the FOC image. This FOC image is derived from three linearly polarized images which show that the brightest knots are highly polarized (20%-50%). A letter which describes these data appears in the 9 September 1993 issue of Nature.


          Hubble Observations Support Black Hole Explanation For Active Galaxies        

A team of astronomers reports that recent NASA Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of the nearest Seyfert galaxy, NGC 4395, further support the theory that active galaxies are fueled by a massive black hole at the center. The researchers say the HST results rule out vigorous star formation as the alternative explanation for the mysterious power source behind quasars and extremely bright galactic nuclei.


          NASA Hubble Space Telescope "Snapshots" Probe the Early Universe        

Drs. Bahcall, Dan Maoz, Donald Schneider, and Brian Yanny, all of the Institute for Astronomers are reporting surprising and interesting initial results from a survey of several hundred quasars now being carried out with NASA's Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Using HST's extremely high resolution images, this "Snapshot Survey" program has sought to detect evidence on gravitational lensing at a level of detail not obtainable with ground-based telescopes.


          Starburst Galaxies And The X-ray Background        

Astronomers at the Space Telescope Science Institute have new evidence for explaining the mysterious X-ray background that permeates the universe. Astronomers Antonella Fruscione, Richard Griffiths and John Mackenty have found a number of "star-burst" galaxies which could help to account for the X- ray background. This at least rivals the contribution from quasars, which are known to account for about 30% of the background.


          First ESA Faint Object Camera Science Images the Gravitational Lens G2237 + 0305        

The European Space Agency's Faint Object Camera on board NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has provided astronomers with the most detailed image ever taken of the gravitational lens G2237 + 0305, sometimes referred to as the "Einstein Cross." The photograph shows four images of a very distant quasar which has been multiple-imaged by a relatively nearby galaxy acting as a gravitational lens. The angular separation between the upper and lower images is 1.6 arcseconds.


          Genomic Health Study Shows Breast Cancers in Men Display Very Similar Gene Signatures to Those in Women        
ORLANDO, Fla., May 29, 2009 /PRNewswire-FirstCall via COMTEX/ ----Genomic Health, Inc. (Nasdaq: GHDX) today announced results from a study which summarized the gene signatures identified by the Oncotype DX(R) breast cancer test in a large number of male patients for whom the test was used to guide treatment with chemotherapy. The results, which will be presented in a poster presentation on Monday, June 1 (1:00 - 5:00 p.m. ET) at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting in Orlando, demonstrated that breast cancer in men displays similar gene signatures to female breast cancer.

"Breast cancer is not just a woman's disease, yet treatment for men is typically extrapolated from our experience in the female population since it is rare and there is little known about the biology of male breast cancer," said George Sledge, M.D., Ballve-Lantero Professor of Oncology at Indiana University in Indianapolis, and lead investigator of the study. "This is the largest genomic study to compare gene expression in female and male patients, and results support the clinical utility of Oncotype DX in providing quantitative information to help guide treatment decisions for men with breast cancer."

The study, "Molecular characterization of male breast cancer by standardized quantitative RT-PCR analysis: First large genomic study of 347 male breast cancers compared to 82,434 female breast cancers" (Abstract #549), analyzed quantitative gene expression by gender status in estrogen receptor (ER) positive tumor specimens. As with female breast cancer, a wide inter-patients variation was observed in gene expression in male breast cancer. The proportion of tumors with low risk of recurrence based on the Recurrence Score(R) was 53.6 percent in males versus 53.4 percent in females, intermediate risk of recurrence was 35.2 percent in males versus 36.3 percent in females, and high risk of recurrence was 11.2 percent in males versus 10.3 percent in females.

Despite the similarities between the two patient groups, there were also some differences. For example, male breast cancer patients had higher mean expression of the hormone receptor genes, likely due to the different hormonal context of men and women. In addition, male breast cancer patients were older, on average, and were less likely than women to have the lobular form of breast cancer.

"I was quite surprised when my doctor told me I had breast cancer and was not looking forward to the multiple rounds of chemotherapy that he originally recommended," said Mike Nelsen, a breast cancer patient from Baltimore. "After my Oncotype DX test results came back and I discussed them with my oncologist, I felt confident that I could avoid chemotherapy and its side effects without increasing the risk of my cancer returning."

Multiple Studies Highlight Application of Personalized Medicine in Oncology Setting

Additionally, Genomic Health, in partnership with investigators from several academic institutions, will present a separate study at ASCO evaluating the genotypic features of triple-negative breast cancer compared with hormone receptor-positive disease, as well as the genotypic features associated with recurrence. The study, "Genotypic characterization of phenotypically defined triple-negative breast cancer" (Abstract #500), demonstrated that there were significant differences in gene expression between the triple negative and hormone receptor positive groups, including genes for which targeted agents are currently being evaluated in the clinical environment. Full results will be discussed in an oral presentation on Sunday, May 31 (4:30 p.m. ET).

These presentations are in addition to Genomic Health's previously announced results regarding its Oncotype DX colon cancer test, from the landmark QUASAR validation study, demonstrating that the test can independently predict individual recurrence risk in stage II colon cancer patients following surgery. The study, "A quantitative multi-gene RT-PCR assay for prediction of recurrence in stage II colon cancer: Selection of the genes in 4 large studies and results of the independent, prospectively-designed QUASAR validation study" (Abstract #4000), which was highlighted on May 14 during ASCO's advance presscast, will be presented Saturday, May 30 (3:00 p.m. ET). Genomic Health plans to make its colon cancer test available to physicians and patients in early 2010.

"With these two breast cancer studies and the QUASAR colon cancer validation results, we continue to advance our understanding of the role of genomics in cancer," said Steve Shak, M.D., chief medical officer of Genomic Health. "As a leader in personalized medicine, we are committed to further increasing the clinical utility of our tests through additional studies, while expanding research and development efforts for other tumor types in an effort to individualize treatment for all cancer patients."

About Oncotype DX(R)

The widely adopted Oncotype DX breast cancer assay is the first and only multi-gene expression test commercially available that has clinical evidence validating its ability to predict the likelihood of chemotherapy benefit as well as recurrence in early-stage breast cancer. Additionally, the test report provides quantitative scores for certain individual genes. The Oncotype DX breast cancer assay has been extensively evaluated in thirteen clinical studies involving more than 4,000 breast cancer patients, including a large validation study published in The New England Journal of Medicine and a chemotherapy benefit study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. To date, more than 7,500 physicians have ordered more than 100,000 tests, and both Medicare and private health plans covering more than 90 percent of U.S. insured lives provided reimbursement for Oncotype DX through contracts, agreements or policy decisions. Both the American Society of Clinical Oncology and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network recommend the use of Oncotype DX for patients with node-negative breast cancer that is estrogen-receptor positive and/or progesterone-receptor positive. For more information about Oncotype DX, please visit http://www.oncotypedx.com.

About Genomic Health

Genomic Health, Inc. (Nasdaq: GHDX) is a life science company focused on the development and commercialization of genomic-based clinical laboratory services for cancer that allow physicians and patients to make individualized treatment decisions. In 2004, Genomic Health launched the Oncotype DX(R) breast cancer test, which has been shown to predict the likelihood of chemotherapy benefit as well as recurrence in early-stage breast cancer. The company was founded in 2000 and is located in Redwood City, California. For more information, please visit http://www.genomichealth.com.

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements relating to the applicability of clinical study results to actual outcomes, the company's plans to commercialize a test for colon cancer and the proposed timing of such commercialization, and the company's expectation that it will increase the clinical utility of its tests and expand its research and development efforts. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially, and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to: the risks and potential delays associated with commercialization of a new test; the risks and uncertainties associated with the regulation of the company's tests; the applicability of clinical study results to actual outcomes; and the other risks set forth in the company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the risks set forth in the company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2009. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. Genomic Health disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements.

NOTE: The Genomic Health logo, Oncotype, Oncotype DX and Recurrence Score are trademarks or registered trademarks of Genomic Health, Inc. All other trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

SOURCE Genomic Health

http://www.oncotypedx.com
          G-QUASAR 2012 HD        
NEW VIDEO G-QUASAR 2012
          2015 Csound Conference in St. Petersburg, Russia        
ICSC 2015 The 3rd International Csound Conference 2-4 OCTOBER 2015, ST.PETERSBURG, RUSSIA Join us for The 3 rd International Csound Conference! Three days of concerts,...

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          CsoundQt 0.9.0 Released        
This version includes: A new virtual MIDI keyboard Visual display of matching (or un-matching) parenthesis Correct highlighting of type marks for functional opcodes (e.g. oscil:a)...

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          ELECTROMAGNETISMO        

ELECTROMAGNETISMO


  • ¿Qué es una corriente eléctrica?
  • ¿Cómo se propaga la luz?
  • ¿Cuál es la causa del magnetismo?
Carga

 
Todas estas preguntas están relacionadas y se responden de manera coherente con la teoría del electromangetismo.
El origen de los fenómenos electromagnéticos es LA CARGA ELÉCTRICA: una propiedad de las partículas elementales que las hace atraer (si tienen signos opuestos) o repeler (si tienen signos iguales)
 
 
Campo Electromagnetico Campo Electromagnetico
 
El Campo Eléctrico es una manera de representar la fuerza que sentiría una carga cercana a otra carga.

 
Cargas en movimiento producen la corriente eléctrica Corriente Electrica
 
La corriente eléctrica genera campos magnéticos Campo Magnetico
 
Cargas aceleradas producen ondas electromagnéticas. Durante la propagación de la onda, el campo electrico (rayas rojas) oscila en un eje perpendicular a la dirección de propagación. El campo magnético (rayas azules) también oscila pero en dirección perpendicular al campo eléctrico. Onda Electromagnetica
 
  • La naturaleza de las ondas electromagnéticas consiste en la propiedad que tienen el campo eléctrico y magnético de generarse mutuamente cuando cambian en el tiempo.
     
  • Las ondas electromagnéticas viajan en el vacío a la velocidad de la luz y transportan energía a través del espacio. La cantidad de energía transportada por una onda electromagnética depende de su frecuencia (o longitud de onda): entre mayor su frecuencia mayor es la energía:
    W = h f,

    donde W es la energía, h es una constante (la constante de Plank) y f es la frecuencia.
     
  • El plano de oscilación del campo eléctrico (rayas rojas en el diagrama superior) define la dirección de polarización de la onda. Se dice que una fuente de luz produce luz polarizada cuando la radiación emitida viene con el campo eléctrico alineado preferencialmente en una dirección.
     
  • Ejemplos de ondas electromagnéticas son:
     
  1. Las señales de radio y televisión
  2. Ondas de radio provenientes de la Galaxia
  3. Microondas generadas en los hornos microondas
  4. Radiación Infraroja provenientes de cuerpos a temperatura ambiente
  5. La luz
  6. La radiación Ultravioleta proveniente del Sol, de la cual la crema antisolar nos proteje la piel
  7. Los Rayos X usados para tomar radiografías del cuerpo humano
  8. La radiación Gama producida por nucleos radioactivos

  • La única distinción entre las ondas de los ejemplos citados anteriormente es que tienen frecuencias distintas (y por lo tanto la energía que transportan es diferente)
 
   Película sobre el campo eléctrico de ondas generadas en una antena   


 

El Año-luz y el Parsec


 

 La velocidad de la luz es de 300.000 Kilómetros/segundo. A esta velocidad:

 - se le da la vuelta entera a la Tierra en 20 milisegundos
 - se viaja a la Luna en 1,3 segundos
 - se llega al Sol en 8 minutos 19 segundos
 - se llega a la estrella más cercana en en 4,2 años

 

 
En un año la luz recorre 9,46 millones de millones de kilómetros (o 9.460.000.000.000 Km = 9,46 x 1012 Km). A esta distancia se le llama el año-luz y es muy útil para expresar las distancias entre cuerpos estelares. Para viajar a la estrella más cercana (Alfa Centauro), la luz se demora 4,2 años, se dice entonces que Alfa Centauro se encuentra a una distancia de 4,2 años-luz.

 
Otra unidad de distancias usada en astronomía es el PARSEC:

 1 Parsec = 3,26 años-luz
 1 Mega-Parsec = 3'260.000 años-luz


 
Ejemplos de distancias astronómicas:
 
Distancia a Años-Luz
Alfa Centauro 4,2
Centro de la Vía Láctea27.700
Galaxia Andrómeda 2.250.000
Quasares lejanos 2.000.000.000



  
http://astroverada.com/_/Main/T_em.html
 

          Comment on “Foo!” to “Are we shortening the Universe’s life by observing it?” by Dustin        
To the New Scientist I ask, "What constitutes an observation?" Dark matter and dark energy are so tied to the dynamics of galaxies, including our own, that even looking at the sky at any point would cause the kind of collapse they're talking about, a la Schroedinger. Even if we aren't aware of it, we can look up at the night sky and have our retinas bombarded by photons emitted by distant quasars and clusters of galaxies. Isn't that an observation? Or do we have to be cognizant of the fact that we're indirectly observing dark matter and dark energy whenever we look at anything? An affirmative answer to that question doesn't make any sense, and if we answer no we have to ask what makes the interaction of a photon with our retinas more important than the interaction of dark matter with a galaxy. I don't think it is any more important. I think it was Heisenberg who suggested that we'd ought to adopt the word "interaction" rather than "observation". I'm sure that if we take that kind of view through to its conclusion, we arrive at something like the relational quantum mechanics described by Smolin, Rovelli, et al. The blogosphere seems to be populated by many-worlders and ensemble supporters, so I'll probably be run off with torches and pitchforks for saying it, but there isn't, as far as I know, any room at all for looking at the universe as having a wavefunction within the scope of relational quantum mechanics. I don't think we have to wait for quantum gravity at all to say that it's doubtful that the universe will display the kind of quantum behavior the New Scientist is suggesting it does.
          Ð¤Ð¸Ð³ÑƒÑ€ÐºÐ¸ Марвел Легенд серия 03        
Фигурки Марвел Легенд серия 03 Супергерои и суперзлодеи Вселенной Марвел представлены в новой серии Марвел Легенд от Hasbro. Фигурки имеют много точек артикуляции, выполнены из качественного материала и хорошо покрашены. Каждая игрушка популярного героя комикса находится в индивидуальной, красочной упаковке и станет хорошим дополнением Вашей коллекции. В этой серии Marvel Legends серия 03 представлены фигурки: Iron Man Spider-Man Black Panther Armored Spider-Man Hydro-Man Quasar Rogue Morbius Цена указана за одну фигурку, не забывайте делать выбор. Высота: 9,5 см. Материал: пластик
          Quasar Power Pack        

This treatment to whiteheads. The Quasar Power Pack is supposed to be one of the best products for preventing Acne.

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          Quasar-T RTA - интересно у кого же черпали вдохновения разработчики Cosmic Innovations?        
Quasar-T RTA - интересно у кого же черпали вдохновения разработчики Cosmic Innovations?

Снова салют всем тем, кто давно уже отказался от вредной привычки курения, и всем тем, кто еще только стоит на пороге освоения огромного и интересного мира вэйпинга, в котором порой можно заблудиться в порыве бросить навсегда курить. На нашем сайте вы всегда сможете найти интересную и важную информацию, которая расширит ваше мировоззрение и вы сможете по новому взглянуть на электронную сигарету, а в дальнейшем сможете правильно подобрать железо под свои требования и сможете насладиться вкусным электронным паром, который возможно продлит вашу жизнь и жизнь ваших окружающих. Сегодня я хотела бы познакомить вас с интересной моделью атомайзера в которой нет сложных элементов коснтрукции, который когда-то был флагманом, ну а сегодня его тень до сих пор блуждает в каждом уголке планеты. Просим любить и жаловать атомайзер под названием Quasar-T RTA от компании Cosmic Innovations.


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          Un quasar troppo energetico        
Come è stata prodotta l'inattesa quantità di radiazione gamma proveniente dalla sorgente denominata PKS 1222+216 nel giugno del 2010? Un gruppo di ricercatori italiani dell'INAF, INFN e Università dell'Insubria danno una loro suggestiva interpretazione del fenomeno, pubblicata in un articolo sulla rivista Physical Review D.
          Spirálozógép, fém spirálkötéshez, manuális, 130 lap, FELLOWES "Quasar Wire" - Jelenlegi ára: 99 925 Ft        

Spirálozógép, fém spirálkötéshez, manuális, 130 lap, FELLOWES "Quasar Wire"
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Spirálozógép, fém spirálkötéshez, manuális, 130 lap, FELLOWES
Jelenlegi ára: 99 925 Ft
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          FELLOWES Quasar+ 500, Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap IFW56277 - Jelenlegi ára: 92 900 Ft        
- kis méretű irodai spirálozógép általános használatra;
- spirálozó kapacitás: 500 lap;
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FELLOWES Quasar+ 500, Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap IFW56277
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Az aukció vége: 2099-01-01 00:00
          Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap, FELLOWES "Quasar+ 500" - Jelenlegi ára: 97 080 Ft        

Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap, FELLOWES "Quasar+ 500"
Termék azonosító: 71503
- Kis méretű irodai spirálozógép általános használatra
- Spirálozó kapacitás: 500 lap
- Lyukasztási kapacitás: 22 lap
- Maximális spirálméret: 51 mm
- A könnyű és pontos, függőleges dokumentumbetöltés, állítható lapszéligazítóval, biztosítja az egyenes vonalú lyukasztást
- Dokumentumvastagság és spirálméret kiválasztó sín
- Egyszerűen üríthető tartály
- Kezdőcsomaggal 10 dokumentum spirálozásához
-Termék méretei, összecsukott állapotban: ( magasság x szélesség x mélység): 126 x 456 x 518 mm
- Termék súlya: 7, 52 kg
- 2 év garanciaMennyiség: 1 db(Egységár: 97 080 Ft/db)
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Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap, FELLOWES
Jelenlegi ára: 97 080 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2099-01-01 00:00
          Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar+ (IFW56277) - Jelenlegi ára: 98 292 Ft        
Az OfficeMarket. hu irodaszer webáruházban árult a(z) Technológia > Irodatechnika > Spirálkötés termék kategóriában lévő Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar+ (IFW56277) részletes leírása:
- Kis méretű irodai spirálozógép általános használatra
- Spirálozó kapacitás: 500 lap
- Lyukasztási kapacitás: 22 lap
- Maximális spirálméret: 51 mm
- A könnyű és pontos, függőleges dokumentumbetöltés, állítható lapszéligazítóval, biztosítja az egyenes vonalú lyukasztást
- Dokumentumvastagság és spirálméret kiválasztó sín
- Egyszerűen üríthető tartály
- Kezdőcsomaggal 10 dokumentum spirálozásához
-Termék méretei, összecsukott állapotban: ( magasság x szélesség x mélység): 126 x 456 x 518 mm
- Termék súlya: 7, 52 kg
- 2 év garancia
db=1 db
súly=9 kg
márka=FELLOWES
rendelési kód=IFW56277
kategória=Spirálozógépek műanyag spirálkötéshez
Ha a mai napon megvásárolja ezt a terméket akkor ingyenesen házhoz szállítjuk Önnek.
Gyártói cikkszám:
Jászberény belterületén értékhatártól függetlenül ingyenesen házhoz szállítjuk a papír, írószer, irodaszer termékeket.
Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar+ (IFW56277), Technológia > Irodatechnika > Spirálkötés, Irodaszer, írószer, irodai kisgép, laminálógép, etikett, spirálozógép, nyomtató, tintapatron, papír, tábla, iratmegsemmisítő, toner, írószer, projektor, vetítő vászon, parafa tábla, mágneses törölhető tábla, flipchart tábla egyéb műszaki termékek, webáruházunkban minden irodaszert megtalál amire irodájában vagy otthonában szüksége lehet.
Házhoz szállítás az Ország egész területére. Budapest, Szeged, Debrecen, Tatabánya, Kecskemét, Nyíregyháza, Miskolc, Szombathely, Szolnok, Székesfehérvár, Nagykanizsa, Győr, Pécs, Kecskemét, Pápa, Esztergom, Vác, Kaposvár, Veszprém, Siófok, Cegléd, Jászberény.
Kényelmes online rendelés, olcsó ár, országos házhoz szállítás.

Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, manuális, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar+ (IFW56277)
Jelenlegi ára: 98 292 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2099-01-01 00:00
          Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, elektromos, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar-E (IFW56209) - Jelenlegi ára: 173 541 Ft        
Az OfficeMarket. hu irodaszer webáruházban árult a(z) Technológia > Irodatechnika > Spirálkötés termék kategóriában lévő Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, elektromos, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar-E (IFW56209) részletes leírása:
- Kis méretű irodai elektromos spirálozógép általános használatra
- Lyukasztókapacitás: 20 lap
- Spirálozókapacitás: 500 lap
- Maximális spirálméret: 50 mm
- A függőlegesdokumentum betöltés biztosítja az egyenes vonalú lyukasztást
- A lyukasztás csupán egy gomb megnyomásával történik
- Egymástól független lyukasztás és spirálozás
- Könnyű és pontos dokumentumbetöltés, állítható lapszéligazítóval
- Teljes szélességű dokumentumvezető, mely összecsukva véd a portól is
- Dokumentumvastagság és spirálméretkiválasztósín
- Egyszerűen üríthető tartály
- Fogantyú a könnyű hordozhatóságért
- Kezdőcsomaggal 10 dokumentum számára
-Termék méretei, összecsukott állapotban: ( magasság x szélesség x mélység): 130 x 426 x 398 mm
- Termék súlya: 9, 92 kg
- 2 év garancia
db=1 db
súly=12 kg
márka=FELLOWES
rendelési kód=IFW56209
kategória=Spirálozógépek műanyag spirálkötéshez
Ha a mai napon megvásárolja ezt a terméket akkor ingyenesen házhoz szállítjuk Önnek.
Gyártói cikkszám:
Jászberény belterületén értékhatártól függetlenül ingyenesen házhoz szállítjuk a papír, írószer, irodaszer termékeket.
Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, elektromos, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar-E (IFW56209), Technológia > Irodatechnika > Spirálkötés, Irodaszer, írószer, irodai kisgép, laminálógép, etikett, spirálozógép, nyomtató, tintapatron, papír, tábla, iratmegsemmisítő, toner, írószer, projektor, vetítő vászon, parafa tábla, mágneses törölhető tábla, flipchart tábla egyéb műszaki termékek, webáruházunkban minden irodaszert megtalál amire irodájában vagy otthonában szüksége lehet.
Házhoz szállítás az Ország egész területére. Budapest, Szeged, Debrecen, Tatabánya, Kecskemét, Nyíregyháza, Miskolc, Szombathely, Szolnok, Székesfehérvár, Nagykanizsa, Győr, Pécs, Kecskemét, Pápa, Esztergom, Vác, Kaposvár, Veszprém, Siófok, Cegléd, Jászberény.
Kényelmes online rendelés, olcsó ár, országos házhoz szállítás.

Spirálozógép, műanyag spirálkötéshez, elektromos, 500 lap, FELLOWES Quasar-E (IFW56209)
Jelenlegi ára: 173 541 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2099-01-01 00:00
          Spirálozógép, fém spirálkötéshez, manuális, 130 lap, FELLOWES Quasar Wire (IFW52241) - Jelenlegi ára: 101 172 Ft        
Az OfficeMarket. hu irodaszer webáruházban árult a(z) Technológia > Irodatechnika > Spirálkötés termék kategóriában lévő Spirálozógép, fém spirálkötéshez, manuális, 130 lap, FELLOWES Quasar Wire (IFW52241) részletes leírása:
- Otthoni/irodai használatra alkalmas manuális spirálozógép fém spirálkötéshez
- 3: 1 osztás
- Lyukasztókapacitás: 15 lap
- Spirálozókapacitás: 130 lap
- Maximális spirálméret: 14 mm
- A függőleges dokumentumbetöltés biztosítja az egyenes vonalú lyukasztást
- Teljes szélességében átfogó, két oldalt rögzített lyukasztókar, mely minimalizálja a szükséges erőkifejtést
- Dokumentumvastagság és spirálméretkiválasztósín
- Telítettség esetén a hulladéktároló tartály automatikusan kinyílik, elkerülve az elakadást
- Állítható margóméret
- Kezdőcsomaggal 20 dokumentum számára (hátlap, előlap, spirál)
- Spirál: 5db 6mm, 10db 8mm, 5db 10mm
- Termék méretei, összecsukott állapotban: ( magasság x szélesség x mélység): 132 x 470 x 412 mm
- Termék súlya: 7, 38 kg
- 2 év garancia
db=1 db
súly=10 kg
márka=FELLOWES
rendelési kód=IFW52241
kategória=Spirálozógépek fém spirálkötéshez
Ha a mai napon megvásárolja ezt a terméket akkor ingyenesen házhoz szállítjuk Önnek.
Gyártói cikkszám:
Jászberény belterületén értékhatártól függetlenül ingyenesen házhoz szállítjuk a papír, írószer, irodaszer termékeket.
Spirálozógép, fém spirálkötéshez, manuális, 130 lap, FELLOWES Quasar Wire (IFW52241), Technológia > Irodatechnika > Spirálkötés, Irodaszer, írószer, irodai kisgép, laminálógép, etikett, spirálozógép, nyomtató, tintapatron, papír, tábla, iratmegsemmisítő, toner, írószer, projektor, vetítő vászon, parafa tábla, mágneses törölhető tábla, flipchart tábla egyéb műszaki termékek, webáruházunkban minden irodaszert megtalál amire irodájában vagy otthonában szüksége lehet.
Házhoz szállítás az Ország egész területére. Budapest, Szeged, Debrecen, Tatabánya, Kecskemét, Nyíregyháza, Miskolc, Szombathely, Szolnok, Székesfehérvár, Nagykanizsa, Győr, Pécs, Kecskemét, Pápa, Esztergom, Vác, Kaposvár, Veszprém, Siófok, Cegléd, Jászberény.
Kényelmes online rendelés, olcsó ár, országos házhoz szállítás.

Spirálozógép, fém spirálkötéshez, manuális, 130 lap, FELLOWES Quasar Wire (IFW52241)
Jelenlegi ára: 101 172 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2099-01-01 00:00
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          The Trinity Site and the VLA        
We left Deming at 9:00 am, early for us, because afternoon winds were expected to be bad. This is something one needs to be aware of when traveling in the West. We have seen many reports often times when we have been out here of big rigs being blown over. We only had 160 miles to travel to get to Socorro where we wanted to visit the Trinity Site and the VLA. 
The day we went to Mexico from Deming we had considered a trip to Hatch, the chile growing capital of America. After driving through Hatch on our way to Socorro it looks like a return visit is in order. This is one of many stands selling everything chiles. 
When we visited Alamogordo in April 2009 we just missed the chance to visit the Trinity Site which is only open to the public the first Saturday of April and September. The Trinity Site is where the first atomic bomb was tested on July 16, 1945. The entrance to the site is about twenty miles from Socorro and as you can see there was, as we expected, a wait. We were in line about two miles from the entrance when the gate opened at 8:00 am. It took about an hour to get to the gate and it was then a few more miles to the site on the White Sands Missile Range
Ground zero is fenced and has a maximum radiation level only ten times greater than natural background radiation. Many places on Earth have higher levels. An hour visit gives you less exposure than a cross country flight. The development of the bomb was the goal of the Manhattan Project that started in June 1942 in Oak Ridge, TN; Hanford, WA and Los Alamos, NM. 
Here I am inside what is left of Jumbo, a twenty foot long, 10 foot diameter bomb weighing 214 tons that was originally designed to contain the plutonium if the bomb failed to explode. As they gained confidence that the bomb would work, Jumbo was not used. It was place under a steel tower 800 yards from ground zero. Jumbo survived, the tower did not. In 1946 the Army used eight 500 pound bombs to blow the ends off.
Even the glow of radiation was not enough to keep Nanc warm as she used the Geiger Counter to check the radiation levels of several objects on display.
Trinitite, also known as atomsite or Alamogordo glass, was formed at the site when the heat of the explosion melted the sand, turning it to glass. It has a very low level of radiation and can be bought at local rock shops. It is illegal to take any from ground zero.
Nanc at ground zero. While there was higher levels of radiation after the bomb exploded the site was "cleaned up" in the early '50s and the soil was buried.
Jim at ground zero. All that happened here was after WWII had ended in Europe and the Allies had already started preparation for the invasion of Japan. Success by the scientists here would mean that invasion, where thousands of Americans would have lost their lives, would not be needed. Since my father was back from Europe and training for that invasion I always felt I may not be here if the bomb had not been developed.
We arrived early so the crowd was not that big. Over 4,600 people visited the site this day. Many drive in from Socorro like we did, but you can also come in from Alamogordo, 85 miles to the south. Those coming from the south must meet and travel with an escorted convoy across the missile range.
The George McDonald ranch house two miles from ground zero is where the bomb core of plutonium was assembled in the master bedroom that had been turned into a clean room. After it was assembled the scientists loaded it into the back of a Chrysler Plymouth and drove it to the site.
The assembled bomb atop the 100 foot tower. The wires were connected to three bunkers 10,000 yards away where all the instruments to measure its yield were located. No one really knew what the explosion would be like.  Some predicted failure while others thought it would set off a chain reaction and destroy the world. Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, head of the Los Alamos National Lab, had the most accurate prediction of  the 19-kiloton explosion.
The bomb exploding from .006 second (top left), to .100 second (bottom left). Bottom right is the classic mushroom cloud 15 seconds into the explosion. A military policeman 10 miles away said the heat was like opening an oven. One of the scientists said it was like the heat of the sun on your face, then after a few minutes the real sunrise followed so they had two sunrises that day. The explosion was felt 160 miles away, breaking windows 120 miles from ground zero. The Army's cover story was a huge stockpile of munitions had exploded.
Just three weeks after this test at Trinity the first of two bombs was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th. Three days later Fat Man (above) was dropped on Nagasaki. While these bombs caused greater damage than any previous explosion, much of the radiation blew away because they were detonated at 2000 feet above the cities. On August 15th the Japanese surrendered, V-J Day, followed by the formal surrender on board the USS Missouri on September 2nd, bringing an end to a war that had started in Europe on September 1, 1939.
As we were leaving these protesters were at the entrance. They are down-winders, who were in the range of radioactive fallout from the explosion. Those who lived near Trinity and others who lived down wind from later tests in Arizona, Nevada and Utah have suffered increased rates of cancer. 
For anyone who grew up during the time of duck and cover drills like I did, a visit to the Trinity Site will be very interesting. 
The weather we had in Socorro was less than ideal with high winds, rain and even some snow at higher elevations. We did manage to squeeze in both the things we wanted to do without getting wet and the snow capped high plains and mountains were beautiful from afar.
The other thing on our to do list was a tour of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory's Very Large Array (VLA). The array is 50 miles west of Socorro on the high plains at 7000 feet. From a distance they don't really look like much.
The Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array is 27 radio telescopes arranged in three groups which are turned on the same point in the universe together giving them more gathering ability. They can be moved to four different locations along these rails. When we were there they were at configuration D with all of them within a half mile of the center. At their furthest they are 11 miles from the center or 22 miles apart. 
The array was built between 1973 and 1980 and in addition to its scientific use has been used in TV shows and movies. They were featured in Carl Sagan's Cosmos and several movies including Contact staring Jodie Foster, who narrates the visitors center video.
They don't look big sitting on the plains with nothing else nearby but when you get up close they are huge. At 82 feet across and weighing over 200 tons it dwarfs Nanc standing under it.  
The dishes are moved to new locations every three or four months, using two specially built carriers that move on the double set of rails. Each move takes about three weeks depending on which configuration they are moving to. 
The sculpture reflects the three paths that the dishes move along. 
The results of some of the observatory's work. It is used to investigate galaxies, quasars, pulsars, supernovas, stars, suns, planets, and black holes. It was used to communicate with Voyager 2 in 1989 as it moved beyond Neptune. A very impressive array of work.  
The barn where the dishes are updated and the extra dish that is on stand by if there is a problem with one of them. In 2011 a major update was completed on all the dishes increasing there power to over 8,000 times better than the original 1970's technology.
WOW, we got to see them move!!! While we were there all the dishes moved to a new position. It was like watching a synchronized dance as they changed direction together. Very Neat!!!   
The VLA is a great stop in the New Mexico high desert. If you are there on the first Saturday of the month they have special guided and behind the scenes tours. The self-guided tour was very informative with an easy to follow guide.
The VLA is on open range so watch out for the cows. How cool it is, these dishes looking 26,000 light years, 150 quadrillion miles into the universe under the gaze of these cows. Socorro was a great little town with a couple good restaurants and I was able to scratch two things off my to do list.

          D'où vient l'excès d'antimatière dans le flux de rayons cosmiques qui bombardent en permanence la Terre ?        

Encore des preuves que nous ascensionnons vers le Grand Attracteur tout en traversant au cours de notre voyage des zones cosmiques différentes dans lesquelles nous sommes bombardés par des particules d’antimatière ou positon ou positron qui transforment la matière en profondeur, et en énergie ou en lumière cosmique, et qui activent notre ADN, tout en nous faisant évoluer sur les plans neurologique et spirituel !

D'où vient l'excès d'antimatière dans le flux de rayons cosmiques qui bombardent en permanence la Terre ?

Les réponses se trouvent, sans doute ci-dessous :

 

* - Vidéo : Oubliez le Réchauffement climatique. Ascension et déménagement de la Galaxie vers le Grand Attracteur de Laniakea !

Vous êtes ici : super-continent de galaxies Laniakea et le Grand Attracteur

Vidéo : Entrée en Antimatière: l'annihilation des positrons galactiques

Déjà en 2013, le CNRS en parlait :

CNRS : L'expérience AMS mesure un excès d'antimatière dans l'espace

 

Paris, 3 avril 2013

Extrait : La collaboration internationale du spectromètre magnétique Alpha AMS, qui implique le CNRS pour la partie française, publie ses tout premiers résultats dans sa quête d'antimatière et de matière noire dans l'espace. Les premières observations, basées sur l'analyse de 25 milliards de particules détectées durant les 18 premiers mois de fonctionnement, révèlent l'existence d'un excès d'antimatière d'origine inconnue dans le flux des rayons cosmiques. Ces résultats pourraient être la manifestation de l'annihilation de particules de matière noire telle qu'elle est décrite par certaines théories de supersymétrie, même si des analyses complémentaires seront nécessaires pour vérifier une telle origine révolutionnaire.

 

D'où vient l'excès d'antimatière dans le flux de rayons cosmiques ?

 

Par Patricia Courand | mardi 23 septembre 2014

 

L'expérience AMS (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer), actuellement à bord de la Station Spatiale Internationale (ci-dessus), vient de publier de nouveaux résultats, basés sur l'enregistrement de 41 milliards de particules cosmiques. Crédits : CERN

Les physiciens en ont acquis la certitude au cours de ces dernières années : les rayons cosmiques contiennent une proportion anormalement élevée de particules d'antimatière, dont l'origine est pour l'instant inconnue. Or, de nouveaux résultats issus d'une expérience menée sur la Station Spatiale Internationale pourraient aider à lever le voile sur ce mystère.

 

Les rayons cosmiques sont des particules très communes dans l'Univers : principalement constituées de protons et d'électrons, ces particules bombardent en permanence la Terre. Mais aux côtés des protons et des électrons, il se trouve que les rayons cosmiques sont également constitués d'un autre type de particule : les positons (ou positrons). Les positons ? Ce sont des particules d'antimatière, cette forme "miroir" de la matière (en savoir plus sur l'antimatière sur le site du CERN : "A la recherche de l'antimatière"). Les positons ressemblent à s'y méprendre aux électrons (ils ont la même masse) à ceci près qu'ils sont de charge opposée (on dit que le positon est l'antiparticule de l'électron).

 

Or, au cours de ces dernières années, en utilisant les données fournies par le satellite Pamela en 2008, puis par le satellite Fermi, et enfin plus récemment la Station Spatiale Internationale (ISS), les physiciens ont observé un fait étrange : le flux de rayons cosmiques heurtant en permanence notre planète se caractérise par un excès inexpliqué de positons (donc par un excès d'antimatière).

 

Pour bien comprendre ce dont il s'agit ici, rappelons d'abord que les particules sont chacune dotées d'un niveau d'énergie, se mesurant en électron-volt (eV). Or, lorsque les physiciens ont commencé à analyser les caractéristiques des flux de rayons cosmiques enregistrés par Pamela, Fermi puis l'ISS, ils ont découvert que pour les électrons et les positons dont le niveau d'énergie était compris entre 10 GeV (Giga electron-Volts) et 250 GeV, la proportion de positons par rapport à la totalité des positons et des électrons augmentait avec le niveau d'énergie. En d'autres termes, plus le niveau d'énergie des électrons et des positons étudiés tend vers 250 GeV, et plus la proportion de positons par rapport à la totalité des électrons et des positons augmente. En revanche, lorsque le niveau d'énergie des particules considérées dépasse ce cap, cette augmentation cesse brutalement (on parle d'un phénomène de "coupure").

 

D'où vient cet excès de positons ? Jusqu'ici, deux hypothèses étaient envisagées : ces positons pourraient soit provenir de quasars situés à proximité de notre galaxie (les quasars (vidéo) sont des noyaux de galaxies lointaines, qui présentent la particularité d'être extrêmement brillants), soit être... des particules de matière noire.

 

La matière noire ? Il s'agit de cette mystérieuse forme de matière qui serait présente en grande quantité dans l'Univers : invisible (car n'émettant aucun rayonnement électromagnétique), elle ne dévoilerait sa présence que par les effets gravitationnels qu'elle induirait sur les corps alentours (pour plus d'informations sur la matière noire, lire cet article publié sur le site du Laboratoire CNRS d'Annecy-le-Vieux de Physique Théorique).

 

Or, de nouveaux travaux menés sur la base des données fournies par le détecteur de particules AMS, installé à bord de l'ISS, viennent d'apporter des éléments nouveaux. Ces résultats, reposant sur l'enregistrement de 41 milliards de particules dans des énergies de 0,5 GeV à 500 GeV et incluant 10 millions de positons et électrons, ont été publiés le 18 septembre 2014 dans la revue Physical Review Letters.

 

Que révèle cette nouvelle étude ? D'une part, elle affine le seuil de niveau d'énergie au-delà duquel la proportion de positons cesse d'augmenter (la "coupure"). Ce seuil serait à 275 GeV, plutôt que 250 GeV. Ce premier résultat est important car le fait de confirmer et de préciser l'existence de cette coupure plaide en faveur de l'hypothèse selon laquelle ces positons seraient des particules de matière noire. En effet, plusieurs théories prédisent l'observation d'un tel excès de positons qui résulterait de l'annihilation de particules de matière noire, avec à la clé une "coupure" aux énergies élevées (comme c'est donc le cas ici).

 

Autre résultat d'importance, fourni par cette nouvelle étude : il conforte le scénario d'un excès anormal d'antimatière dans les rayons cosmiques. Jusqu'ici en effet, il était toujours possible d'envisager que la proportion excessivement élevée dans les rayons cosmiques des positons par rapport à la totalité des positons et des électrons ne soit en réalité que la conséquence d'un déficit d'électrons, en lieu et place d'un excès de positons. Or, ces nouveaux travaux montrent que ce phénomène n'est pas le produit d'un déficit d'électrons : il y a effectivement un excès de positons par rapport aux électrons, pour des niveaux d'énergie compris entre 10 GeV et 275 GeV. En d'autres termes, des particules d'antimatière d'origine inconnue sont bel et bien présentes dans les rayons cosmiques.

 

Ces travaux ont été publiés le 18 septembre 2014 dans la revue Physical Review Letters, sous le titre "High Statistics Measurement of the Positron Fraction in Primary Cosmic Rays of 0.5–500 GeV with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station" .


 Quasars: tueurs ou créateurs de galaxies ?

Les galaxies sont-elles nées d'un trou noir ? Le jet des quasars, ces trous noirs supermassifs au coeur des galaxies sont-ils à l'origine de la naissance des étoiles avant de les avaler ? Premier épisode d'une collection de Web docu sur l'astrophysique au XXIe siècle. Réalisateur: Pierre-François Didek (Karamoja Productions). Directeur de collection: Vincent Minier (Laboratoire AIM Paris-Saclay). 


 


          Lux Alliance is now on Steam        
Lux Alliance is now available on the Steam gaming platform!



Available for Mac, Windows and Linux.


This release of Lux Alliance includes:

  • improved sound effects

  • battle display enhancements

  • option to allow bots to surrender

  • better international language support (including Chinese, Russian, French, Spanish, and German)

  • Steam turn notifications for multi-player games

  • Steam achievements

We're offering a 10%-off launch discount for the game, for the first week of release. Get it now!





Free steam keys for all past buyers


Anyone that purchased Lux Alliance (or Castle Vox) direct from Sillysoft in the past is eligible for a free steam key for the game!

Retrieve your past registrations and steam keys here.




Lux Alliance multi-player games


We continue to host a variety of online multi-player rooms. Click the 'Network Games' button to see the list of online games. The ones in green have available spots to play. Most online games of Lux Alliance have a 24-hour or longer timer, which allows you to take 1 turn a day in an ongoing strategic war. Join a room and type /play to join in!




New Lux Alliance Map: Civil War - Chickamauga


The Civil War map series continues with the new release of Battle of Chickamauga! Chickamauga was the first major battle of the war fought in Georgia, and was the most significant Union defeat in the Western Theater, incurring the second-highest number of casualties after the Battle of Gettysburg.



Find this new map in the Map Manager inside Lux Alliance.

Yours in world domination,
Dustin Quasar Sacks
Sillysoft Games

          Lux Alliance is coming to Steam on June 7th...        
A milestone release of Lux Alliance onto the Steam platform is scheduled for June 7th! We are excitedly preparing for this big launch to a large new audience. If you have any feedback or suggestions, NOW is the time to send them in, so they can make it into the Steam launch. Feel free to reply to email us at lux@sillysoft.net with your comments...

Lux Alliance 1.7 includes an enhanced battle display, giving a better idea of the outcome of each region's conflict.

Lux Alliance multi-player games!
We continue to host a variety of online multi-player rooms. Click the 'Network Games' button to see the list of online games. The ones in green have available spots to play. Join a room and type /play to be a player!

Most online games of Lux Alliance have a 24-hour or longer timer, which allows you to take 1 turn a day in an ongoing strategic war. Look out for some faster-turn rapid-pace online games coming in early June as well.

Download Lux Alliance 1.7 now!
Available for Mac, Windows and Linux.

New Lux Alliance Map: Civil War - Pea Ridge:
The Battle of Pea Ridge was an early conflict in the American Civil War. Re-enact this historical battle for Arkansas and Missouri as a 2v2 team map for Lux Alliance.

Find this new map in the Map Manager inside Lux Alliance.

Yours in world domination,
Dustin Quasar Sacks
Sillysoft Games

          LUX Capture The Flag        
Lux Alliance version 1.5 is now available to download. This update includes a Capture The Flag game mode! When flags are in play, if 1 team captures all the flags they win the game.

This release also includes 3 CTF map variants:
American Civil War - CTF, World War II - CTF, and World War 2 Europe - CTF.

American Civil War - CTF

Your feedback on CTF mode is welcomed. We have some fresh CTF focused maps coming up as well. We are also working on more collaborative AI as well as other tweaks, as we approach a release of Lux Alliance onto the Steam platform, targeted for the end of March...

Lux Alliance is our follow-up game to Lux Delux, involving team-strategy and simultaneous turns.

yours in domination,
Dustin Quasar

PS: Quasar's indie band has just released a new environmental rock song Praise to the Water (feat. MC Save The Whales). Give it a listen :)
          Luxy Autumn        
Congrats to all of the Luxtoberfest 13 award winners!

--

We are prepping to bring our game Lux Alliance onto the Steam platform in early 2017. Sorry for the wait. Please keep letting us know if there are things that you would like to see tweaked.

We're looking to add more language translations for Lux Alliance (most languages are needed) and Lux Delux (looking to add Chinese and Korean). If you can help, please download those linked languages file or contact us.

--

Check out the new Lux Delux map SILKEN SAILS, created by Centrico.

Best wishes,
Dustin Quasar,
Sillysoft Games
          Luxtoberfest 13        
October features our 13th Annual Luxtoberfest Celebration!

See that link for the schedule of events, including Twitch Speed Games during opening weekend, an All-Time High-Seeds tournament on October 8th, and more! Seek your Fortune, or play the Fool...



-- Lux DLX Mobile Updates --

We have just released updates to both the iOS version and Android version of Lux DLX. It now features enhanced maps, tweaks to fit modern devices, and Biohazard game mode on all platforms, to nuke out random countries on the map each game! We'll be continueing to tweak the mobile versions going forward, please let us know if you encounter any issues.


-- Italian Unification map --

Italian Unification is a newly available map, created by our beloved cartographer Mark Bauer. You can find it inside the map download area of Lux!

Italian Unification map

"After Napoleon's defeat, the Congress of Vienna returned Italy to a patchwork of kingdoms ruled over by the prevailing European powers. Nationalism begins to rise across the countryside as cries for a Risorgimento intensify. Revolutionary movements take hold and soon the entire peninsula is at war, each faction with their own visions of a new unifed Italy."

--

PS: You can always retrieve your old registration code here if need be.

Hope to see you online during this year's Luxtoberfest!
Dustin Quasar,
Sillysoft Games
          Arp 299: Galactic Goulash        

Arp 299

What would happen if you took two galaxies and mixed them together over millions of years? A new image including data from NASA's X-ray Observatory reveals the cosmic culinary outcome.

Arp 299 is a system located about 140 million light years from Earth. It contains two galaxies that are merging, creating a partially blended mix of stars from each galaxy in the process.

However, this stellar mix is not the only ingredient. New data from Chandra reveals 25 bright X-ray sources sprinkled throughout the Arp 299 concoction. Fourteen of these sources are such strong emitters of X-rays that astronomers categorize them as "ultra-luminous X-ray sources," or ULXs.

These ULXs are found embedded in regions where stars are currently forming at a rapid rate. Most likely, the ULXs are binary systems where a neutron star or black hole is pulling matter away from a companion star that is much more massive than the Sun. These double star systems are called high-mass X-ray binaries.

Such a loaded buffet of high-mass X-ray binaries is rare, but Arp 299 is one of the most powerful star-forming galaxies in the nearby Universe. This is due at least in part to the merger of the two galaxies, which has triggered waves of star formation. The formation of high-mass X-ray binaries is a natural consequence of such blossoming star birth as some of the young massive stars, which often form in pairs, evolve into these systems.

This new composite image of Arp 299 contains X-ray data from Chandra (pink), higher-energy X-ray data from NuSTAR (purple), and optical data from the Hubble Space Telescope (white and faint brown). Arp 299 also emits copious amounts of infrared light that has been detected by observatories such as NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, but those data are not included in this composite.

The infrared and X-ray emission of the galaxy is remarkably similar to that of galaxies found in the very distant Universe, offering an opportunity to study a relatively nearby analog of these distant objects. A higher rate of galaxy collisions occurred when the universe was young, but these objects are difficult to study directly because they are located at colossal distances.

The Chandra data also reveal diffuse X-ray emission from hot gas distributed throughout Arp 299. Scientists think the high rate of supernovas, another common trait of star-forming galaxies, has expelled much of this hot gas out of the center of the system.

A paper describing these results appeared in the August 21st, 2016 issue of the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society and is available online. The lead author of the paper is Konstantina Anastasopoulou from the University of Crete in Greece. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, manages the Chandra program for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, controls Chandra's science and flight operations.


          9305A L96T Time Battery 96Wh 14.8V 6.5Ah        
9305A L96T Time Battery 96Wh 14.8V 6.5Ah

9305A L96T Time Battery 96Wh 14.8V 6.5Ah

PAG 9305A PAG L96T Time Battery 96Wh 14.8V 6.5Ah  The PAG L96T Time Battery is an enhanced version of the L95 Time Battery (Model 9383) & and a replacement for it & offered at a greatly reduced price. The new version has an improved maximum continuous output of 8A & compared to the 7A of the previous version. It has an improved performance at low-temperatures. The PAG L96T has a high-quality construction and comprehensive safety features. The battery incorporates long-life & premier-quality Li-Ion cells & which have no memory effect & and are completely recyclable. In keeping with PAG’s total battery design philosophy it is designed and constructed to provide the longest possible working life. The L96T Time Battery is so-called because it incorporates a numeric run-time and capacity display. A single button press shows remaining capacity as a percentage. When you want to know how long your battery will power your camera set-up & two button presses will provide a prediction of remaining run-time & for the given load & expressed in hours and minutes. The battery’s internal processor achieves this by taking into account the changes of load that occur during use & the charge status of the battery & the condition of the cells & and the ambient temperature. The display maintains its accuracy by tracking the performance & and adjusting calibration values to compensate for the ageing of the cells & and does not require a periodic ‘service’ charge. The battery’s advanced electronic protection system is fail-safe and features circuits that are Parylene coated to protect them in the unlikely event of electrolyte leakage. The battery can be recovered after shutdown simply by pressing the display button & provided the battery still retains some charge. The Gold Mount L96e can be charged using PAG all-chemistry Gold Mount compatible chargers & such as the PAG Pulsar (9795) and Quasar (9727 & 9753). It can also be charged via the front PP90 sockets of PAGlok AR Series 2 (9792) and Quasar (9726 & 9752) chargers using charge adaptor Model 9458. The capacities of two Gold Mount L96e batteries can be combined (192Wh) for longer run-time and a higher current draw capability (up to 10A) using a PAG Power Plate dual battery mount. The L96T has been independently tested and certified to comply with UN transport safety regulations. Its capacity is below 100 watt-hours and it is therefore suitable for air transport on passenger aircraft & in hand-luggage & without quantity restriction.


          What is a Quasar?        

Do you ever wondered, whether all those things that twinkles in the sky are stars?
well, twinkling is not just for stars. There are some far more interesting space objects that live under the mask of a star, and you can never distinguish them from stars unless your telescope is made to detect infrared radiation.

Quasars, this is what they--good scientists :-)--named them as they are quasi-stellar radio sources.

Quasar actually is a compact object like star rather than a expanded one like galaxy, surrounding a super massive black hole that lie at the center of a super massive galaxy. This super massive black hole in fact is responsible for all the power it is exhibiting.

They are by far the most luminous, most powerful and most energetic objects in the universe.
The energy they emit is in the range of about 1000 times that of the galaxies they inhabit in. They even show the heavy red shift (if a light source accelerates away from us, it appears more and more red) from earth, and that means they are moving faster away from earth and when combined with Hubble's law (galaxies tend to move away from each other with a velocity proportional to their distance) it shows that they are very very far from earth, and if this is the case, it can also implies that they are formed much early in the universe(as they traveled a lot of distance so far)

There are some very high radiating quasars in our known universe and their radiation almost equals trillion sun's--may be that's why they stay far away or is it the other way around. :-)

There is even a possibility that our Milky Way was once a quasar(according to NASA), may be because they didn't found any quasar at its center surrounding the massive black hole ;). The question is if it was once a quasar, what happened to the galaxy it was once surrounded by?

Check the video below to know how a quasar looks like:


          0018 survey / 31st May 2012        
Emphasis matters. Our occasions vie for this category. Believe it or stab out your own eyes. Elsewhere, underdog eats underdog eats underdog, in fits of datum ad nauseum and he said she said. Blinded or otherwise, what new abundance can we expect? ... arc of &C.? ... or Ought? ... or aegis above? ... or else analyst re. analyst, onward as format or onward as feature Geo_fill viz /sto?'kæst?k/ tschuss / pow? We should never give up. Only love satisfies. We feature in you as you. Direction is, therefore; just as love is, therefore; so much so that as above, so-so below. 110 agree, with 91 pieces of music and 26 short-films. Un-stab your eyes, as follows ...

02_Elements: In spring 2012, I began inviting players whose work I admire to contribute improvised parts towards a long-term project with the working-title of 'Elements'. The intention was that each player contributes in isolation, without any knowledge about the other players taking part. After gathering a workable pool of these parts, I then began composing with these elements - processing, editing and such like - along with adding my own work. This is the second of these pieces, comprised of myself and one other player: 02_Elements_01. Improvisers: Anthony Donovan and Oblivion Substanshall / Composer: Anthony Donovan. (Anthony Donovan, May 2012)

05_Elements: In spring 2012, I began inviting players whose work I admire to contribute improvised parts towards a long-term project with the working-title of 'Elements'. The intention was that each player contributes in isolation, without any knowledge about the other players taking part. After gathering a workable pool of these parts, I then began composing with these elements - processing, editing and such like - along with adding my own work. This is the first of these pieces, comprised of myself and four players: 05_Elements_01. Improvisers: Paulo Chagas, Anthony Donovan, David Fenech, Anton Mobin and Hopek Quirin / Composer: Anthony Donovan. (Anthony Donovan, May 2012)

6 or 7: By Hopek Quirin & Kris Limbach / vocals by V

Adrian Beentjes, David Cunliffe, Anthony Donovan and Hopek Quirin: Live and improvised by Adrian Beentjes (tapehead, coil pickup, circuit bends, field recordings, microcassettes, dc motors), David Cunliffe (electronics, contact mics, vocal emissions), Anthony Donovan (light-synth, prepared zither, electronics, objects) and Hopek Quirin (bass, effects, objects), on the Epsilonia radioshow, on Paris Libertaire, Paris, France, on 19th April 2012 /  recorded by Nicolas Aka Bondage - thanks to him and everyone else at Epsilonia, for their warmth and hospitality / edited from a set lasting 46 minutes and 30 seconds by Anthony Donovan. About Epsilonia ... Each thursday night from 22pm to 00pm Epsilonia explores, clears, decipher diverting, untypical, innovating, surprising territories of music from yesterday and today, from here and there. This show created in 1986 by Jacques Perdereau is broadcasted on Radio Libertaire (89.4 FM / phone : 01.43.71.89.40 ), Paris and on the internet at: MP3 for ADSL : http://ecoutez.radio-libertaire.org:8080/radiolib.m3u / MP3 for modem : http://ecoutez.radio-libertaire.org:8080/radiolib-modem.m3u / OGG for ADSL : http://ecoutez.radio-libertaire.org:8080/radiolib.ogg.m3u / OGG for modem : http://ecoutez.radio-libertaire.org:8080/radiolib-low.ogg.m3u / http://epsilonia.free.fr/ http://epsilonia-radio.blogspot.co.uk/

Aka-bondage: Song: 'Ectoplasme 404' / Film: 'DANSE DE SAINT GUY 4' / Artist : Aka_bondage / 2012 - www.akabondage.com

Akoustik Timbre Frekuency: Thee Door Is A Jar / Length: 8m16s / Instrumentation: Processed sounds of a door / This is an elektroakoustik remix of a purely akoustik komposition which I created using only thee thee door to my studio/temple/playroom as an instrument. Thee resulting sound study has been re-worked utilising a series of filtering and other processing tekniques to produce this final version presented here. Akoustik Timbre Frekuency mainly fokuses on kreating elektro-akoustik kompositions that are designed for Ritual usage, no matter what path thee praktitioner may follow. These have been labelled as ‘General Ritual Intensifiers’ and are designed to augment thee Gnostik experience. Various Ritual Instruments from around thee world are utilised within these rekordings inkluding Singing Bowls, Horns, Aura Chimes, Rain Stiks, Flutes and Bamboo Perkussion to name a few. Field rekordings are also inkorporated within thee kompositions which kan range from graveyards to nature parks, from sewers to tree tops. These akoustik rekordings are interwoven with synthesised and sampled material to kreate an evokative environment for thee listener to use as they see fit. It is a Sonik Tool... NEW ALBUM, ‘RITUALISTIK KUTTINGS’, OUT NOW ON QUARTIER23! / http://www.quartier23.eu

Alex Charles: After over 10 years of playing under the group name Thee Moths, Alex Botten has finally taken the step of becoming 'solo'. Changing the way he works, bringing his laptop back to the fore, the new music is both simpler in terms of the raw materials used, and more complex based on structure. Live shows include sampling on the fly, and building complex tapestries of sound

Andre Caputo, Noura Sanatian and Noel Taylor: ‘Clere Laude’ / “For Eolus, the god of winde; -- In Trace ther ye shul him finde, And bid him bringe his clarioun, That is ful dyvers of his soun, And hit is cleped Clere Laude” / Geoffrey Chaucer / performed by: Noura Sanatian: Violin, Noel Taylor: Alto Clarinet, Andrea Caputo: Guitar / links: www.myspace.com/nourasanatian / www.noeltaylor.net
/ www.myspace.com/andreacaputo72

Anla Courtis: "Galictis DFHR" (4:12) / recorded in Buenos Aires, Argentina 2012 / www.myspace.com/courtis

anotherAntidote: [...]

Anthony and Substanshall: a mawkish them and us... by turns, or in some way by series, as an inviolate inheritance. our name is barely a republic in its own right, and we are forms of cod hermeneutic, soaking wet, in some hintertland, waiting for email. we are watching our confessions and we cannot get enough. doll hand rings bony bell, or else mall wooden pick with cat head on door. we ird and we can andle tha fink accessory. (one missing bookend, you pickle.) and thee electronic alarm fffffffffffffffffffffffzzzzzzzzz craze out thee batterie BANG BANG BAN GG ... one pair is ever wooden & u don even kno we can list just once before we die, so we are not going to waste it. (anthony & substanshall, may 2012)

Anthony Donovan and Clive Graham: AD: admachine, laptop, electronics, mics / CG: tape-machine, electronics, mic. Edit from a live, improvised performance given at Outsider, The Montague Arms, Peckham, London, England, on 12th August 2011

Anthony Donovan and John Hyatt: Art Speaks 1 (Hole in the Air) / He dreams, for sure! The dreamer is in the pit; the place of the dreaming; the necessary space between the viewer and the viewed. He dwells where light lights the light of light to run in the steps of light indivisibly and to complex common sense; where the message is received before it is sent; where we doze between the question and the answer. Be you satisfied with your plot, Dreamer. Is it not a marvellous gutter; the place of music's black tadpoles swimming; the tear in the audience's eye; the realm of mediation; the hole in the air; the hole in time; the suspension of disbelief; in the gap between art and life?

Anton Mobin: Filmed by Aka_Bondage at Epsilonia radio show on Radio Libertaire Paris

Arcane Waves: Inside The Stringed Box / France / http://soundcloud.com/arcanewaves / My work aims to recreate conceptually-almost-pre-recorded ensembles with technologically-12-tone elements whilst studying certain developments or semi-simultaneous vibrations. If one concept must be grasped, it is this - the graphic notation always recontextualises the styles, and it must do so entirely diversely. I am very much influenced by the idea of integrating tonal passages, particularly whilst combined with a highly meta-ambiguous approach to chords. I was first introduced to the concept of 'randomly-stylistic motif-sonorities' last year, and it has allowed me a greater depth of arts, especially whilst integrating the ultimate transcription. The pursuit of stylistic illusion-non-linearities to suggest the mostly-hyper-random paradigm is a key focus of my symbolic study. When planning my quasi-diverse passages, I often find that composing a somewhat stylistic array of musical materials helps a great deal. (Text generated by : The Contemporary Classical Composer's Bullshit Generator)

ASTMA feat. Anton Nikkila: "DOM" / Composed, played and recorded by Alexei Borisov, Olga Nosova, Anton Nikkila, at The DOM Cultural Center, in Moscow 2009. Sound engineer: Maxim Haikin / Alexei Borisov (Moscow): guitar, effects, Roland TB-303 / Olga Nosova (Moscow/Freiburg): drums, percussion, voice, effects / Anton Nikkila (Helsinki) - guitar, laptop / Bio: ASTMA (Alexei Borisov and Olga Nosova) / Borisov/Nosova duo was formed in Moscow (RF), april 2009. Music components: free improvised, live electronics, electroacoustic, spoken word, tape music, ambient, soundtracks, field recordings, techno, sound art etc. The duo collaborates with different musicians, sound artists, video-artists, dancers and poets from different countries, produces music for silent movies ("The 11th" and "Enthusiasm" by Dziga Vertov), art exhibitions, theatrical and multi-media events and actions + djing. International events and festivals: Spektro Fest (Istanbul, Turkey 2009), Jauna Muzika (Vilnius, Lithuania 2010), Sonic Circuits (Washington DC, USA 2010), Interpretations (NYC, USA 2010), Sonic   Protest (Paris 2011), The Morning Line (Vienna 2011), Moozak fest. (Vienna 2011), The 4th Moscow Biennale (2011), live at Staalplaat record shop in Berlin, concerts in Ljubljana, Amsterdam, Tel Aviv, Hannover, Prague, Riga, Tallinn, Helsinki, Napoli, Dusseldorf, Providence, Richmond and more... Showcases and lectures at Berkley Music Collage (Boston), George Washington University (Washington DC) / Digital-albums (selected): "Istanbul Kebap" (Live at Spektro 2009) (net-album by www.top-40.org) "No No Music" (net-album by www.kroogi.com - 2010), "There will be a McDonald's" (Zeromoon.com), ASTMA "Epsilonia" (http://www.nostressnetlabel.net/NN_Perform004_12_11.html) CD-R releases by Bornos produkt: "Selected works, vol. 1" (2009), "Grundig" (2010), "There will be a McDonald's" (2011), "Live in Richmond" (BUH Records, Peru 2011) CDs: "Elektrokooperativ" (Industrial Culture, UK 2010), ASTMA "Dar-k" (Letmo, Czech republic 2011) ..  www.myspace.com/borisovnosova
www.myspace.com/asstma www.shum.info http://soundcloud.com/alexei-borisov http://soundcloud.com/olganosova www.myspace.com/alexeiborisov www.myspace.com/olganosova http://www.youtube.com/user/kobonan?feature=mhee

Astrometria and Emma Gosnell: http://astrometria.co.uk / A collaboration between Emma Gosnell and Astrometria - a combination of percussion, vocals and electronics

Ayato and Naoki Ishida: dérives  & Seahorse (the latter appeared on Classwar Karaoke 0017 survey) are tracks extracted from the forthcoming album "PHAE?",  the new collaboration of Naoki Ishida & Ayato soon on ORGANIC INDUSTRIES. First release "TRAIL" is available for free on HAK lo fi record  http://archive.org/details/HAK223 / http://ishidanaoki.bandcamp.com/
http://karakuri-pj.tumblr.com/ http://ishidanaoki.net/ http://ayato-sn1984.blogspot.fr/

Bob Blaize, Jeph Jerman and Travis Johnson: Excerpt from the album Sky Bells, released by Avantarchive, 18 March 2012 / Bob Blaize: percussion, synthesizer, flute, mixing; Jeph Jerman: percussion, electronics, prepared guitar; Travis Johnson: digital synthesis and signal processing, field recording, mixing, mastering / Photography & Layout by Theodore Trager / Full album here: http://digital.avantarchive.com/album/sky-bells

Bob Ostertag with Fred Frith, Charles K. Noyes and Bryan Medwed: an edit from the Bob Ostertag album, Getting A Head / With Fred Frith, Charles K. Noyes  and Brian Medwed. An underground classic of tape manipulation from before the days of samplers. Best known for his work with computers, here a young Ostertag plays an instrument consisting of a highly unstable and peculiar recording system, which uses helium balloons to hold up tape loops between three tape recorders made to malfunction in a variety of ways. The record marks one of the first, and to this day one of the only, times that tape manipulation techniques developed by the first generation of electronic composers for use in the studio were adapted for liver performance and improvisation. Ostertag uses this rather sculptural and bizarre contraption to manipulate the brilliant guitar playing of Fred Frith, and the elusive percussion work of Charles K. Noyes. Originally released 21 years ago as an LP, the 1,000-copy run quickly disappeared into the abyss of the collectors item. / "One Side one of Getting A Head, the sounds move in short, almost breathless little impulses, always lively and alert. You know that Frith and Ostertag are listening to each other with strong, even crazed concentration (sometimes with manic glee too), never just fooling around or digging deeper ruts. Side Two is peaceful. The search for new sounds moves much more slowly, evolving in long, supple arcs made of smaller, more weirdly twisted parts; and in between there's enough time between the beginning of one event and the end of the next to enjoy some curiosity about what might be coming next. The high, insistently lyrical final episode is especially lovely". -- Gregory Sandow, Village Voice, January 7, 1981 / "Getting A Head is kissing cousins to Lou Reed's Metal Machine Music. True we have a tape loop here, but don't confuse this with Robert Fripp's small, intelligent, mobile unit. There are a lot more surprises here, and there is a vital interaction between the people running the decks and playing the instruments. Also, sides one and two are radically different, lacking the sameness of FRIPP's work and adding a good deal more 'hazard'. The result is a worthwhile balance of beautiful sounds and sensitive noise". -- OP Magazine, 1981 / "At its most intense, it assumes the proportions of electronic music, yet there are no synthesizer controls in site. Cascades of splintered guitar notes form the basis of a hyperactive and concentrated duet, both Frith and Ostertag drawing from an inexhaustible supply of musical and technical ideas". -- City Limits (London) November 5 

Bonnie MaCAllister: "What the Water Wore" / Bonnie MacAllister / Bonnie MacAllister: vocals, film, effects / (a one second film inspired by the leap second) / What the Water Wore / The weight of our thirst Our children’s fears for no more to drink An alluvial stream, the s that meanders in a valley The power to ignite electric in hydro The intersections of streams The dispersive clays to bake pottery for a village The records of now historic flows, dry and patterned on soil The forked sticks of a divining rod The relics of dry springs Erosion of sheets The transition from turbulent to tranquil flow at critical depths The rising crests of spillways Minerals embedded in loose sediment Silt, clay, sand, gravel from upstream Perforations in wells A jetty shoring the bank Stilts of a levee, manmade on the lake Municipal discharge from sewage Groundwater contaminants The labels non-potable, non-consumptive / Filmed on location on Solomon's Island, MD / bonnie-macallister.blogspot.com / Bonnie MacAllister renders meaning through various media: film, painting, projection, photography, theatre, temporal installation art, and performance. She is a Fulbright-Hays recipient to Ethiopia and shows her work internationally in gallery, museum, and UN sponsored shows. Her most recent publications have been in the Toronto Quarterly, Thirteen Myna Birds, Grasp, and 10,000 Poets for Change/Fierelingue.  She will perform and exhibit at the Sandy Spring Museum in Maryland this June / bonnie-macallister.blogspot.com

Bryan Lewis Saunder and Christopher Fleeger: "The Store" video for the "Near Death Experience" LP on Erratum available at www.erratum.org / music by Christopher Fleeger, vocals by Bryan Lewis Saunders. (note: all of the images presented are of the same stores where the events described took place.)

Buskerdroid feat. Pixyblink: [...]

Cagey House: When I was a kid I had a friend who stuck a bean in his ear. He couldn't get it out, and it stayed there for a couple weeks or so. Eventually his ear got infected, and he got really sick. He ended up in the hospital. For his friends, it was really strange. One the one hand it was funny, because of the bean and the ear. On the other hand is was scary, because of the hospital. We'd be talking about what a nut he was, and how crazy he was, and then somebody would mention the hospital, and that he was in critical condition, and that he might not make it, and we'd all go quiet and look at the ground. Or the sky. It was weird that something so funny could also be creepy. But he did pull through, and when he got back he told us all how wild the whole thing was, and about the powerful drugs they gave him, and how crazy the doctors were, and how the nurses were so cool. And how his parents cried, and how he almost didn't make it. It sounded great, but not so great as to make any of us stick beans in our own ears. A couple weeks later, he came over my house to spend the night, and watch movies, and stay up till dawn. At dinner, my mom made hamburgers and french fries, and as we sat down to eat she set a big bowl of baked beans on the table. My fiend took one look at them and turned white as a ghost. My mom noticed and took the beans away, saying the probably nobody wanted any beans anyway, and she didn't even know why she made them. Later, during a quiet part of the movie, I said, to him, "So you don't like beans anymore, huh?" And he said, "Nope. And they don't like me either." I wasn't really sure what he meant, but I figured it sounded about right, coming as it did from a guy who almost hadn't made it because of a bean. But then he went on. He explained that ever since his experience in the hospital, he'd actually been able to hear stuff that beans said. Every single time he came close to beans they would start talking to him. Sometimes they were nice, and asked how he was, and why he never played with them anymore. Sometime they got mean and said that if he didn't stick one of them someplace real soon they'd do something horrible.  He said, "I can't even stand going to the grocery store. I can hear them mumbling and buzzing inside the cans." For a second I though he was nuts, or brain damaged. But he didn't seem that way. And besides, stranger things had happened. That was something we said all the time back then, anything's possible, stranger things have happened. That night after the movies were over, and we had talked for a while, he fell asleep. It was probably around three, and I was wide awake. And I kept thinking about beans. I couldn't stop. I got up real quiet, and crept down the stairs. I went into the kitchen and opened the fridge. I peeled back the plastic wrap from the bowl of beans we hadn't eaten at dinner and leaned in close. And I heard them. "Hey kid, you seem cool. You wanna play with us? It's fun to play." I pulled the plastic down real quick. I looked around and then lifted it up again. "Listen you little creep, you better do what we say, or we'll take that little-- ." I pulled the plastic wrap down tight and shoved the bowl into the back of the fridge behind some other stuff. My mouth was hanging open like I was some kind of jerk. I didn't know whether to laugh or to freak out entirely. I reached for the refrigerator door, and was closing it when I heard a little whisper, a little "psssst" sound. I came from this piece of left over lasagna that was probably like a week old. I was kind of dried out looking and sitting on a plate with a bit of plastic wrap draped over it. I bent my head towards it, and it said something to me that was so brutally horrible and disgusting that I've never repeated it to another soul. And I won't repeat it now. But I will say that, to this day, I continue to eat--no, to devour--all the lasagna I can, every chance I get. Lasagna knows who's boss

Carlos Groënland: 30 glorieuses" was made with a cheap keyboard, ukulele, scratched vinyl, music box and voices samples. First recorded a winter day of 2009 and re-arranged in may 12th 2012. Carlos was playing in Opahb and Angle Mort in the 90's, and now has solo project or plays with Mx Brckrt, the drummer HC Caget and the band "NED

Carlos Ramirez: project was created with many passages of life in time memory projections embodied in sounds, creating a vision beyond the past to confront the present and be connected to a near future ..... through forgotten sounds

Cave Dwellers: [...]

Chevo Légé: impacts de balles sur la pierre massive et brune... toit de tuiles, recouverts par endroits de végétation humide, signe d'une longue cohabitation de l'œuvre de la main de l'homme avec l'œuvre perpétuellement en cours de la nature... toit d'ardoises, parfaitement gris et mat, immaculé sur toute sa surface sombre... jeune, solide et vigoureux frère de l'autre toit... le vert odorant du gazon fraîchement tondu... le brun de la pierre polie portant les stigmates d'une guerre... le gris et le rouge sombre et chiné de la végétation des toits jumeaux... l'autre gris, celui du ciel instable au-dessus de cette pierre qui semble indéracinable malgré le travail du temps... jeu triangulaire des pigeons... pierre encadrée par deux rumeurs, celle, bruyante, de la grande rue où circulent continuellement les voitures, l'autre, calme et feutrée, de la rue symétriquement opposée qui semble toujours suspendue à ce moment de l'éveil, comme si les yeux lui piquaient encore…

Chris Lynn: New England Lyric- Silent Super 8 film inspired by the New England landscape in October. Library Tea-Audio track / Bio - Chris H. Lynn is a filmmaker, sound artist, educator, and curator. His sound pieces consist of field recordings, minimal compositions, and audio from his films. His digital images and super 8 films capture the subtle rhythms of light, movement, and sound in urban and rural landscapes. His work has been screened in galleries and festivals across the globe. Chris also curated the Experimental Film Program “Urban/Rural Landscapes” for the Utopia Film Festival in Greenbelt, Md and the Takoma Park Experimental film festival in Maryland 2010. To learn more about Chris, visit: framingsounds.wordpress.com/

Coffin Boffin: I should have left it as it was I should have left you where you were I should have listened to foreboding I should have known just what was coming I had a delusion....of an illusion of approximation of what made us of what made it my failing perception I was wrong and once it stung now it grates and i must berate myself for believing, allowing the stealing of intent Allow the regret of now sure knowledge of follied feelings, misplaced meanings,unsure dreamings and mewling admissions; painful addressings And you escape my cloying fallout shroud It's a laing story............ more RD than KD Another mistake............... maybe, dissection of what i thought you and me...............art as therapy? A regretful urge to purge sadistic self help, tough love from the top shelf Bottom drawer psychology to cope with the deal of me and thee! / 'A Laing Story' - More RD Than KD is brought to you by Coffin Boffin and with assistance, inspiration and collaboration from Mr Jack Derbyshire of The Thud Experiment. Many thanks for listening, the half life of unrequited is indeed long :)

Crush!!!: Some Remote, Control / This piece was conceived by Crush!!!, who are Mark Browne, Sonic Pleasure and Ian Smith. Within improvisation the group utilises an array of found and home-made sound making devices combined with more traditional instruments. Sonic Pleasure is famed for her unique crafting of sound from bricks and masonry, reducing much of her instrumentation to dust by the end of a concert with an orange haze clearly visible over the playing area. Some of the bricks will be transported from her home, others will be collected near the venue. She also plays flute. Mark Browne plays piranha and castrato saxophones (sopranino “the small one that bites” and soprano), broken glass, earth, gongs, burnt piano and bones. He wants to give up playing music altogether and find other ways of relating to sound, but the irresistable urge to play has so far been too great. Ian Smith plays brass in an extraordinary and creative manner. For this venture the aim was to exploit the use of recording methods and create music that was not simply a pastiche of the concert performance. The members of the group individually created their contributions (with Sonic P living in Manchester, Ian in London, Mark in Aylesbury this has become a necessary activity). There was a composition outline created, files were traded, plans were changed, objectives rewritten, edits made and edits reverted

Daniel Heikalo: Pentatonic Evening: This composition is an experiment using only one pentatonic scale and its modes as the basis for an electroacoustically treated montage. The guitar parts were semi improvised from a graphic score I created, then edited and assembled. It was all done quite fast and many fragments' location on the timeline are the result of chance. Why mess things up with preconceptions when they happen just fine on their own

Daniel Spicer: Writer. Improviser / Recorded Brighton, UK and Ravenna, Italy 2012. Acoustic guitar by Tom Roberts. From forthcoming CD-R, YLVMLVY, on the Slightly Off Kilter label

Daniel Thompson and Matt Chilton: The Empty Wooden Chair / Matt Chilton (aka Astromertia - http://astrometria.co.uk) and Daniel Thompson started playing and performing together in the spring of 2011. They decided to explore the realms of electro-acoustic music as a duo with Thompson playing acoustic guitar and occasional percussion and Chilton using computer based realtime processing of the acoustic sounds using PureData. This piece was recorded live in Chilton's home studio in May 2012. Their music is free improvisation and they let the music take them where it wants to go

David Fenech: Moonlight Serenade is a cover of Ludwig Van Beethoven's The Piano Sonata No. 14 in C-sharp minor , popularly known as the Moonlight Sonata / http://davidfenech.fr /

Domestic Violence: Tikul+Jendrek - Domestic Violence is an audio-visual noise live performance. We are using DIY interfaces / controllers based on arduino platform and pressure sensors + custom built Max/Msp patches and DIY glitch 'machines' + self recorded 'bodily mutated' video footage ... Sound - prerecorded samples - only field recordings modified by effects live. we are distorting our field recordings and images live.. producing physical noise waves and glitchy audio-reactive video content. Our live set : http://www.vimeo.com/20498692 / website: niochnioszki.net / dv soundcloud : http://soundcloud.com/domestic_violence/ http://vimeo.com/8033828 / Andrzej Wojtas and Ewelina Aleksandrowicz are Berlin based artists who are collaboratively working within the area of digital media - creating live visuals, video clips, audio-visual performances and installations. Their practice also involves a wide range of interdisciplinary activities - programming, physical computing, experiments with sound and building electronic devices for controlling sound and image. They’ve both recently accomplished Masters of Research degree in Digital Media at Culture
Lab - Newcastle University, UK. Their works were presented internationally at various Digital Arts / Video Festivals and artspaces [i.a.: Vision’R Festival – Paris / Oberhausen Kurzfilmtage / European Media Art Festival - Osnabrueck / Tankstelle / G.A.S. Station Gallery – Berlin / Athens Video Art Festival - Athens - Greece / STEIM Amsterdam - Holland / Sound:Frame - Vienna - Austria / Bochum Video Festival - Bochum - Germany / Naoussa International Film Festival - Greece / Darklight Festival - Dublin - Ireland / Unsound Festival - Krakow - Poland / WRO Biennale - Wroclaw - Poland / Pixelache - Helsinki - Finland / Newcastle Science Festival - UK / Laptopsrus - Hsinchu Centennial Imaging Art Festival - Taipei - Taiwan] / They are constantly trying to challenge the viewer with their immersive, disturbing works, which are exploring queerness of the human body and its transformations, physicality of image and sound, cerebral violence. Their works are attempting to bend the perception of time - intensify the senses of the viewer and reactivate of the dismissed areas of psyche. Their creations and projects have been reviewed in the Wire Magazine / The Guardian / XLR8 / BELIO Magazine / DAZED / the Guardian / Fashioning Technology // artists website :: http://niochnioszki.net/ Domestic Violence is an audio-visual performance project by Ewelina Aleksandrowicz and Andrzej Wojtas. Granular outbursts of sound, synthetic paroxysm and DIY approach shape intensive performances arranged through a specifically conceived sensor based controller. The interface was built by the artists in order to control and manipulate the sound and visuals simultaneously, it allows the production of sound as a consequence of physical
gesture by using Force Sensitive Resistors. Different intensities of pressure and touch result in augmented or reduced inflection of glitch and noise and distorted aesthetic crashes of the video projection. Artists are using gun object [a part of interface] which consists of a camera, microphone and accelerometer to control the sound synthesis. Interface is connected to a laptop with Max/Msp software through Arduino platform. Influenced by post-apocalyptic landscape, glitch aesthetics and destructive punk attitude, Domestic Violence turns emotional aggregates into therapeutic images. During its live shows, the audience is invested and tortured by deeply sensual waves of concrete, material sound and pixelated raw images. With its harsh expressive wildness and a dark, brutalist touch, Domestic Violence leads the viewer through an imaginative digital pilgrimage, exploring human and inhuman primitive roots by reactivating dismissed areas of our psyche. Domestic Violence project aims at exploring the distortion phenomena in sound and image and research on tangible electronic interfaces and new ways of producing interactive sound. Performance was presented at number of festivals and venues in Berlin, Rome, Helsinki, London, Manchester and Newcastle

Elemental Noise: Fractal Temperament / France / http://soundcloud.com/elemental-noise / Experimental Electronic, Electroacoustic, Abstract Ambient, Sound Art

Elizabeth Veldon: Audio: quasar / Video: redshift for papillon

Eric Perier: Impromptu film of musicians Ayato, Adrian Beentjes, David Cunliffe, Anthony Donovan, Ian Linter, Anton Mobin, Hopek Quirin and Thomas Fernier setting-up and soundchecking before a live performance of Linter's Octaedre Resonant, at Les Voûtes, Paris, France, 21st April 2010

Felipe Barbosa: Releases: E [2012/Ilse] http://ilse.bandcamp.com/album/e / San Antonio [2012/Bruitsnetlabel] http://archive.org/details/b046s_FelipeBarbosa_SanAntonio / Kyodake [2011/Bruitsnetlabel] http://archive.org/details/b004s_felipe_barbosa_kyodake / Cartílagos [2011/Boolean Records] http://archive.org/details/Cartilagos_Felipe_Barbosa / On Soundcloud:
http://soundcloud.com/a-e-g-i-r / Collaborative project: http://soundcloud.com/felipe-barbosa

Felipe Barbosa and Rosendo J. Rocha: Intuite: Acoustic works through Felipe Barbosa's "Intuite" theme / Felipe Barbosa: Computer Piano / Rosendo J. Rocha: Acoustic Guitar, Gong, Chimes

Friture Trio: cretin bop was made with crappy keyboards and turntables. The band was not really active during 2001 and 2010. It was recorded somewhere during autumn 2008. The band was Analus Boos, Denis Mc Carty and Carlos Groënland, they recorded 4 albums and they split in january 2011

Gino Robair: Performance at Pharaoh Maybelline's Sound Trough, San Francisco, California, USA, 12th July 2009, filmed by Greedmink

Guy Harries: Guy Harries is a London-based composer/performer/sound artist. He performs with flute, voice, electronics and multimedia. His compositions have been performed by contemporary ensembles such as: The Tate Ensemble, SOIL, The Roentgen Connection, Vocal Lab and LOOS, and have been broadcast and performed internationally. He is also a singer-songwriter, practising electronic troubadourism with his laptop and voice. He completed his PhD in Electroacoustic Performance at City University, London in 2011 and is a senior lecturer in music at the University of East London / www.guyharries.com

Hal McGee: Monotrinity for Classwar Karaoke is a straight-up improvisation created with Korg Monotron, Monotron Duo and Monotron Delay analog synthesizers. Hal McGee has been recording and releasing his own homemade experimental electronic music since 1981, has released more than 200 albums, has ceaselessly promoted DIY music, and has produced numerous international networking projects and compilations. Please visit http://halmcgee.bandcamp.com/

Ian Linter: http://epsilonia-radio.blogspot.fr/ http://astrangerparadise.com/ianlinter

Iku Sakan: Pfeiffrosch (03:27) - May 2012, Berlin. Special thanks: Miki Yui, Anders Lauge Meldgaard. Iku Sakan is a experimental musician, improvisor and DJ from Osaka, Japan currently based in Berlin, Germany. Since 2009, he has been performed in Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, UK, Mexico, Malaysia, China & Japan, including important festivals in Europe as a member of several bands, such as All Tomorrows Partie's in Minehead, UK(with Maher Shalal Hash Baz) and Avantgard Festival in Schiphorst, Germany(with Meeting of the Spirits). http://soundcloud.com/ikusakan

Jack Twang: Believe those who are seeking the truth. Doubt those who find it (Andre Gide)

Jared C. Balogh: I am a multi-media artist from Bethlehem, Pennsylvania U.S.A.  I have two experimental audio projects: Trans Atlantic Rage and Balogh (Jared C. Balogh: pronounced Bay-log). Trans Atlantic Rage was established back in 1998 and Balogh was establish in July of 2010. The difference between each projects are that Trans Atlantic Rage is predicated on heavy processing, effect usage, and editing and Balogh is more organic which relies on intuitive first take creating, composing in notation, and minimal editing forms of music. I am also a part of other collaborative music projects.  I express myself through my painting, sculptures, music videos, digital art, and photography.  Also, I am involved in studio engineering, recording, mixing, producing and mastering, live sound set up and mixing, and live show lighting experience.  I have put on a hand full of live shows in the mid to late 1990's and have run the net label Altered State Reflections. Please check out the many pages on this site – it goes far more in depth than this bio.  I have tried to update and be as accurate as I can with all of the information of past releases and happenings.   I hope you enjoy this site and return for future discoveries. Jared / other site to visit: http://facebook.com/jared.balogh / http://www.myspace.com/baloghmma / http://www.myspace.com/transatlanticrage / http://www.alteredstatereflections.blogspot.com / https://twitter.com/#!/J_BALOGH1

Jealousy Party: Fucked Primadonna (6:54) / WJM - mix, jp set / Mat Pogo - mix, actual and record vocals / Edoardo Ricci - trombone / Recorded by Matteo Bennici Oct 2011 / Mixed by Jacopo Andreini Apr 2012 at Isola Cannon Jack - Nipozzano - IT / www.burpenterprise.com

Jo Pearson and John Hyatt: In this story from The Magic Radio, we encounter The Wind and The Sun fighting. In the midst of their fisticuffs they stop when they spy a mysterious, glistening, figure in the distance and he becomes the focus of their stormy argument / © Jo Pearson and John Hyatt, 2012

John Hyatt: This is a track and movie that John made for exhibition projection. It has been shown in both Manchester, UK, and Istanbul, Turkey. It is shot through a kids’ cardboard kaleidoscope on the end of a palmcorder with slight digital post production. John, singer with the legendary, The Three Johns, has produced an album, Do What You Wanna Do, available to purchase from
http://johnhyatt.bandcamp.com/

John Jasnoch: Mandolin, toy piano and frame drum. Recorded 1st April 2012

Joséphine Muller and Ian Linter: Title : Halo, Love by Joséphine Muller and Ian Linter / Free mind. Halo, Love. Free mind / http://astrangerparadise.com/josephinemuller / http://astrangerparadise.com/ianlinter

Juca Pimentel: Left to right: Thomas Fernier, David Cunliffe, Anthony Donovan and Hopek Quirin, four artists associated with Classwar Karaoke, play an improvised set at La Miroiterie, Paris, France 20th April 2012, filmed byJuca Pimentel

Jurica Jelic: Dogs chants is an electroacoustic piece made my manipulating samples with csound. For the source material I used howling recordings from my Alaskan malamute "Kiva"

Kalistongue: (<...) andrewhowes.bandcamp.com/indexpage / andrewhowesdotcom.wordpress.com / www.archive.org/details/DegreesOfAbsence

Kay Grant, Lol Coxhill and Olie Brice: Kay Grant - Voice / Lol Coxhill - Soprano Sax / Olie Brice - Double Bass / 'Rags and Bones' - 05:39 / This is an edit by Kay Grant of a live appearance on ResonanceFM, featuring her trio with saxophone legend Lol Coxhill and double bassist extraordinaire Olie Brice. The music was freely improvised, composed in the moment and without prior consideration. Kay Grant originally hails from New York, but has been a dedicated Londoner for nearly half her life. In this trio she continues her exploration of the singing voice as an instrumental component, with a free approach to jazz built up on a journey through opera, oratorio, rock, and pop. An "extraordinary vocal talent and one of London's finest, free-thinking virtuosos" (Time Out), she has worked with heavyweights on both sides of the Atlantic, including Hannah Marshall, John Russell, Veryan Weston, Mark Sanders, Steve Noble, John Edwards, Elliott Sharp, Shelley Hirsch and John Zorn. Her latest CD, Fast Talk, is a duo with clarinetist Alex Ward, and is out on Emanem. www.kaygrant.com / "Lol Coxhill is a musician who's touched on nearly every area of music over the past half century. In the '60s he jacked in his day job to accompany soul singers like Rufus Thomas. He'd sit in with bluesmen like Alexis Korner and Champion Jack Dupree. He was signed to John Peel's label Dandelion and played bebop with the likes of Bobby Wellins and Stan Tracey, prog rock with Steve Miller and Kevin Ayers, and dabbled in ska and rocksteady with Rico Rodriguez and Jazz Jamaica. In 1977 he even toured with the Damned. In the last decade I've seen him play with assorted avant jazzers, drone rockers and electronic mavericks. I've seen him busking near the Thames, and seen his old LPs selling for $100 in New York record shops. And I've also heard him playing beautiful, straight versions of standards.... A true national treasure and a top geezer." (John Lewis, Time Out) www.lolcoxhill.com / Olie Brice has made a definitive and deserved mark on the London jazz scene in recent years. He currently leads two of his own groups playing his own music, is a member of several collaborative projects and is increasingly in demand as a valued contributor to other people's groups. He has worked with Evan Parker, Paul Dunmall, Louis Moholo-Moholo, Ken Vandermark, Tony Marsh, Pat Thomas, Mulatu Astatke, Alan Wilkinson, Hannah Marshall, Steve Reid and Steve Swell, among many others. "Brice makes the entire body of his bass sing. He has the ability to deliver a fractal line that is as purposeful as any by the great jazz bassists, but to do so within an entirely abstract setting” (Brian Morton, Point of Departure). www.oliebrice.wordpress.com / The track is taken from a live session for the show Disorder At The Border hosted by Joseph Kassman-Tod and originally broadcast in Dec 2010 on radio station ResonanceFM. Photograph by Andy Newcombe (www.youtube.com/user/shuffleboil)

Kecap Tuyul and Ayato: "they can't sing, they can't whistle, they can't dance, they can't draw, they can't write, but they have guitars and they don't need anything else to narrate you a story" / http://ayato-sn1984.blogspot.com/ http://kecaptuyul.wordpress.com/ http://www.archive.org/details/eg0_054

LAu Focarazzo: UNCONVENTIONAL MEETING / About the video. "Unconventional Meeting" is a short video piece in collaboration with the Japonese sound artist, Takuya Minakawa. The highest level of abstraction and sounds invite us to be a witnesses on this beauty and aparently chaotic world. About me. Laura Focarazzo lives in Buenos Aires Argentina. She is a Graphic Designer graduated at the University of Buenos Aires and she also studied piano and musical harmonies. It wasn’t until the early Nineties that she started to study film directing. She works with experimental musicians of the local and international scene. Her works have participated in exhibitions and international film festivals: 13º BAFICI - International Independent Film Festival of Buenos Aires- , Festival Fuga Lab in Buenos Aires , Abstracta Cinema -Festival of Rome-, AIVA -International Video Art Festival in Sweden- and FLAVIA - 1º Festival Latin America of Video Art-, INCUBARTE -International Independent Art Festival in Spain-, between others. About her short films, she says: "I would like to get the audience involved in a similar way that they would towards a poem, to feel some kind of inner experience which stirs them up somehow."She is is also member of the international audio/visual collective group: Exquisite, What? / https://vimeo.com/laufocarazzo / https://vimeo.com/exquisitewhat

Lil and Moonroom: Lil is Marcin Tomczak / LIL / www.myspace.com/sonopanic / Moonroom is Marta Bochenek and Krzysztof Buzow / MOONROOM / moonroom@rocketmail.com / MIRACULOZOOM - M. BOCHENEK: FLUTE, VOICE; K. BUZOW: KBDS; M. TOMCZAK: COMPUTER WORK, OBJECTS ( LIL/MOONROOM 2012 ) / AILIBERIA - MUSIC BY LIL (M. TOMCZAK AND A.NOWACKI), VIDEO AND GRAPHICS - M. TOMCZAK / COVER - M.TOMCZAK / additional link _ http://archive.org/details/TFR259-LilAndMoonroom-BadScene

Lode: Amongst Alison's current music projects is Lode… / Lode / Alison Blunt with violin, voice, tenor horn, toys and objects / David Leahy with double bass, toys, objects and looper / Internationally respected artists in the new, free and experimental music communities, Alison and David have teamed up to create music with references that might graphically resemble Medusa’s hair-do. As the monster with her serpent hair, Lode allow wide-ranging influences free rein to serve a purpose, that of bringing attention to the moment / www.alisonblunt.com/Lode.html / www.dafmusic.com/Lode.html / Domestic Suite (9:45) is in four parts: Surfacing / Exuberant Moment / Cogitating / Night Disquiet / Domestic Suite combines four recordings recorded in the same session on the 18th of April. 2012 Each recording was created spontaneously with no forethought. The plan to create the suite came later / www.alisonblunt.com

Ludo Mich: Ludo Mich - Moons Moons Moons / Recorded live at Factor44, Antwerp, January 25th 2006 / With Vaast Colson, Maarten Tibos, Hans De Ley

M4SK 22: Glide Inside by M4SK 22. Sounds and Visions by M4SK 22 (David Moss and Simon Woolham) and the good neighbours of the forest

MaCu: [...]

Mamabaer-Kommissar Hjuler: film originally done as a work for festival Bruit de la Neige, Annency, France, 2011, was shown during the festival, theme of the festival was Eros' weapons, but also for some more events

Marteau Mu: LA FEMME A - he suddenly became tense - he looked like a dog - he had few hair - "you wanted to see the toes" - a mere simulation - throw him out - "you seem horrified" - he seemed absorbed - I started to walk - he bit me once - It didn't stimulate me - I knew pleasure - would come at last - I demanded - he feared - I advised his widow

Martha Moopette and Oblivian Substanshall: The Oblivian Substanshall album "Finnish....But Don't Wait Till You Stop" (chinstrapmusic.blogspot.com) comes with a new video from Chinstrap's resident film-wizard Martha Moopette, using elements of every track on "Finnish...." to create an intense, strange and hilarious film collage of death and digestion. Featuring Amie Willingale, Talulah Lotus, Autumn Poppy, and a range of dead animals from the streets and fields of Bridport

Mike Durek and Tumei Tejas: Michael Durek's sound collage made use digitally chopped up bits of his old songs, spliced with a reel to reel copy of an interview with composer Rudolf Friml. Those sounds were then electronically manipulated and interjected with the sounds of people having sex.  Rudolf Friml can talk about his creation freely in any cultural setting, whereas the appearance of human sex sounds is surprising and would be unwelcome in many cultural settings.  The juxtaposition sheds light on a sick cultural taboo. The more essential type of creation (sex) can only be described coolly and from afar when done in public arenas, whereas a composer talking about his work can be shown or heard anywhere. The video by Tumei Tejas includes visual equivalents to the sound collage which reflect the degree of discomfort in the discussion of sexuality. Scenes of domesticity, comfort and conformity coupled with technological intrusion and ghostly dancing figures bring awkwardness to this unsettling co-existence. The use of water signifies the essential aspects of sexual candor and natural processes which humans ignore at their peril. The body is represented as something to be shunned and sexuality is regarded as a perversion to be handled timidly

Miquel Parera: nxH21-2012-05-08_04_24_28 / Livecoding Drones / Perhaps nothing is real, do not look so sure of your truth / http://musicnumbers.wordpress.com/

Murmurists: I sent you a love letter, not a final demand. No matter what I say, though, I know you will carry on updating. I've never felt less mundane, less domestic. I am photographed. I get to be a trick of the light. The house is airconditioned; and there is television all day

Oblivian Substanshall: Oblivian Substanshall often spends unhealthy amounts of time in a sedentary position, perched at his laptop computer busying himself by surfing the internet, sending emails and regularly recording absurd songs and the like. He also produces his own one man show called The Oblivian Substanshall Show for a community radio station based in South Devon called soundart radio. Oblivian Substanshall exists at the very fringes of musical acceptance. As skilled at crafting the perfect pop song as he is at mind blistering musique concrete, his show is not to be missed. SR / He also has a blog page called ...  SUBSTANSHALL VERSE ... and works on Free Music Archive as well as archive.org SEARCH: Oblivian Substanshall / 'I haven't known Oblivian long, but he's become very quickly a close friend and ally, and he ought to be yours too'. (Ergo Phizmiz)

One Minute Wanda: [...]

Owl Brain Atlas: J. D. Nelson: Vocals, Tapes, Noise, Guitar / May, 2012 / RIP MCA

Painburn: a dreaming mind needs a universe in which to move, and to escape from the black hole that would catapult her into banality

Patrizia Mattioli: Borgo Retto,5, 43100 Parma | Mob +39 340.8060091 / mattioli_patrizia@fastwebnet.it  - patriziamattioli@me.com / I graduated in clarinet from the Conservatory  A. Boito of  Parma and I specialised  my composition skills with a Master degree in London. I won the international competition of electro acustic music organised by I.R,C,A,M in Paris. In my career I had the chance to be involved in various artistic situations: theatre, dance, visual and sound arts. At the beginning of my career I performed my first composition for Lenz Rifrazioni Lenz Theater (company of contemporary research among the most stringent in the European scene). I also collaborated with different experimental groups (post rock, post-industrial, punk, contemporary). My original music was presented in several Festivals, including Venice Biennale Dance / Music,  Natura Dèi Teatri, Sguardi Sonori festival of Media, Timed Based Art , Berlin , Festival di Santarcangelo, Cantieri Danza, Zona Franca, Pontedera Teatri, As a Little Phenix 2. My activity is going on both in Italy and abroad

Paulo Chagas: counterpoint piece, using the natural sounds of flute and oboe over an electronic canvas made by the transformation of the same instruments and some ambiental little chimes

Paulo Chagas and Wilhelm Matthies: “Freedom” resulted from a graphic score which was composed at the time of death of the left-wing Portuguese politician Miguel Portas. This musical work is dedicated to the memory of this great man who devoted his life to defend of freedom and democracy, as well as the fostering of cultural activity. Paulo Chagas wrote the score, Wilhelm Matthies responded to it using the mosesa 2, Paulo Chagas added soprano sax, Wilhelm Matthies mixed

Paulo Chagas, Matthias Boss and Maresuke Okamoto: http://zpoluras.bandcamp.com/album/little-concert-in-the-garden / Little Concert in the Garden by Paulo Chagas, Matthias Boss and Maresuke Okamoto / Little Concert in the Garden cover art Tweet / The decay of the ice flower 02:46 / 04:41 / ‘The temple bell stops but I still hear the sound coming out of the flowers.’ Basho / ‘The flower is the poetry of reproduction. It is an example of the eternal seductiveness of life.’ Jean Giraudoux / Leave your expectations at the gate for this garden walk-concert. You will not hear neat rows of petunias and daffodils. No, you will take windy paths, here, going quickly, there going slowly, now very prickly and fast, now very slowly and softly. Take a walk in the garden with these fellows and hear their concert. Maresuke Okamato often provides the ground and the stems with his contracello and double bass. Sometimes Paulo Chagas leads with his flute, and provides the stems too and petals, often cooly. Sometimes Matthias Boss leads with his, very frequent, witty use of the violin. Be delighted at every twist and turn in this little garden concert!! / credits: released 02 February 2012 / Chamber contemporary improvisational suite in 10 movements / Paulo Chagas - flute / Matthias Boss - violin / Maresuke Okamoto - doublebass and contracello / liner notes: Wilhelm Matthies / cover photo: Hilton Lafayette / mixing/mastering/production: Paulo Chagas

Penates: deep in the house / Mat Pogo: vocal, mix, cd-player / JD Zazie: mix, cd-player / Live at Theaterkapelle, Berlin / February the 8th 2012 / LINK to PENATES: http://www.burpenterprise.com/burp/articoli/penates/ LINK to BURP ENTERPRISE: http://www.burpenterprise.com

Pixyblink: musician http://www.facebook.com/pages/pixyblink/300370184660 / http://www.facebook.com/pages/winter-umbrellas/301590217334 / http://www.facebook.com/pages/anotherAntidote/313642973903 / http://www.facebook.com/pages/cave-dwellers/303881433098 / http://www.facebook.com/pages/starblood/150014791696896 / photographer / http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.179025948788504.40767.100000432997504 / video artist http://www.facebook.com/video/?id=100000432997504 / http://www.youtube.com/KyraPixy http://www.youtube.com/GiraffeAccountant http://www.youtube.com/KittySarcophagus / poet http://kyrapixie.blogspot.com/

Protecious and Lezet: Fudge. Carbuncle. Open software. Armenia

Qkcofse: The track is composed entirely from voice and finger drumming, and features accidental phrases arising from improvisational editing of the jumbled voices; the title phrase sounds like it's from a haunting, a clue to someone on a scavenger hunt, or a mysterious warning / http://theunexpectedsound.blogspot.com

Radio Eris: Founded in 1999 by poet/guitarist Lora Bloom and keyboardist/bassist Matt Stevenson, Radio Eris features Dan “Redbeard” Baker on lead guitar, the mysterious Kenny on synthesizers and noise, and Brad Rothman on drums. They have released 6 albums of spoken word, ambient sounds, space rock and mind-bending noise, run out of gas on the A-4 in eastern France while on tour, purchased property, hung out with members of Hawkwind, and had any number of other adventures across the last decade. They operate out of Eris Temple Artspace, a diy art gallery, music studio and performance space situated in the thriving boil of West Philly’s underground music and arts scene.   The delicate "Mortal" appears on their most recent album, At your Service (2012), and is a spoken-word piece set against  a soaring yet sinister guitar vision written by Dan Baker.  The poem "Mortal" was inspired by television and comic books and presents both a dark love story and moral question / Mortal - By Lora Bloom: I didn’t kill him when he asked me to I knew who he was and what he would become He looked into my eyes and said he was sorry for all that had been done I knew that he meant it He took one step forward pointed me towards his heart He said the world would be better without His life rested so delicately between my fingertips My eyes were open I knew what he was I knew what I had done And who I had become And I didn’t kill him When I had the chance

Radio Eris, Jon F. Allen and Witold Lutoslawski: From an interview with Radio Eris by Chim Mind filmmaker Jon Allen / To see Radio Eris perform is like entering another world. Multi-colored lights, and war paint erupt amidst passages of heavy guitar shredding, dark ambient noise, and electro-organ beatification culled from past saints of psychedelia. One feels as if alternately passing through transcendental and terrifying corridors of the mind from Lora’s haunting vocals—vocals that sometimes shift into staccato, Diamanda Galas inspired screams, augmented by transitions into her sci-fi poetry. When Lora asked me to create a music video for them, I jumped at the opportunity. How could I resist the song “Chip Mind” from their latest release At Your Service?  I drew inspiration from conversations with the band, bad TV shows I never outgrew, and conspiracy books like Alex Constantine’s Psychic Dictatorship USA and Jim Keith’s Mind Control. We had a supremely fun “Chip Mind” screening at The Eris Temple with very positive reactions from all in attendance

Relentless: Enregistré en juillet 2009 pendant une résidence sur le paysage sonore à CESTA, dans un atelier de métallurgie, Cerní Remeslníci (Tábor, République Tchèque), pendant que deux ouvriers, Ladislav svárec Procházka et Karel bruska Sychra, travaillent, comme à leur habitude. La pièce qui en est issue, est un témoin d’une vingtaine de minutes de notre présence dans ce lieu. Remerciements: Hilary Binder, Christopher Rankin, Georges Cremaschi, Ladislav svárec Procházka et Karel bruska Sychra. Relentless: Suite à une collaboration dans le collectif d’improvisation In Sit-U depuis 2003, les deux saxophonistes Artur Vidal et Sébastien Branche ont souhaité explorer les différents types de relations pouvant avoir lieu entre leurs recherches sonores et d'autres pratiques de création ayant recours à l'improvisation. /Relentless/ constitue en quelque sorte la sédimentation sonore d'une suite d'investigations, menées au cours de ces dernières années, autour de la danse et de l'image dans leurs rapports à la musique improvisée. Notes tenues, respiration continue, sons multiples, accessoires, sont autant d’éléments récurrents à chaque fois mis en jeu dans une dialectique entre un idiome qui se crée à force de pratique, et la nécessité d’un geste improvisé pour une musique qui veut prendre en compte chaque son et chaque instant dans son écriture. Recorded in July 09, during a residency on soundscape at CESTA (www.cesta.cz), in a metal workshop, Cerní Remeslníci (Tábor, Czech Republic), while two workers Ladislav svárec Procházka and Karel bruska Sychra, are at work as usual. The piece that comes from it is a 20 minutes testimony of our presence there. We would like to thank Hilary Binder, Christopher Rankin, Georges Cremaschi, Ladislav svárec Procházka and Karel bruska Sychra. Relentless: Following a collaboration in the multidisciplinary improvisation-collective In Sit-U in 2003, the two saxophone players Artur Vidal and Sébastien Branche decided to examine together the different relations that could be found between the way they play music and the other forms of expressions involving instant-composition. For the past few years, they have been looking into the relations between dancing, video and improvised music. /Relentless/ is, in a way, the sound layer that settled through these investigations. Long tones, circular breathing, multiphonics, objects, are some recurring elements always renewed in a dialog between an idiom that settles through practice, and the necessity to improvise to create a music that takes into account each sound and each instant in its composition. Originally released by Insubordinations / http://www.insubordinations.net/

Roberto Lazzarino: http://www.lazzarinoecavigliapianoforti.it/ http://www.myspace.com/robertolazzarino

Ronny Wærnes: Marone / Recorded February 2007 to enter the RPM 07 Challenge

Rosendo J. Rocha: Bricolage / Experimental Improvisation / Electric Guitar, Acoustics

Ruela Pinho and AkaMan: Video by Albano Ruela. Soundscape by aka:man (Ross Ackerman). Inner Necessity is a tribute to Wassily Kandinsky and his devotion to inner beauty, fervor of spirit, and spiritual desire inner necessity

Ryan Jordan: Sound artist and electronic musician working with DIY punk electronics, physical performance, Pure Data, and noise. Organising workshops, formal and informal learning, and platforms for artists and musicians using free and open source soft and hardware / http://ryanjordan.org/ http://nnnnn.org.uk/ http://www.modusarts.org/ http://www.badsekta.com / http://doc.gold.ac.uk/~ma701rj

Seth Guy: Vertical Intertextual Improvisation (video documentation), Goldsmiths College, London, 08/05/12 / Video documentation of a recent live performance incorporating an activated sculpture and an improvised monologue as part of a performative seminar during my third term of the MFA Fine Art at Goldsmiths College, London. Thanks to Jessica Rose and Rebecca Peters for technical assistance / http://www.sethguy.co.uk / http://sethguy.bandcamp.com

Shane Morris feat. Pixyblink: [...]

Snack Family: Never Trust A Skinny Chef' / 1. Pip Runs Hard / 2. Belly / 3. Fetter The Same / 4. No Reason / 5. Pokie Eye Poke Ya / SNACK FAMILY / Personnel: James Allsopp: Baritone Sax, B.Vs,
Tom Greenhalgh: Drums, B.Vs, Andrew Plummer: Baritone Guitar, Vocals / Recorded 13th July 2011 at The Vortex, London. Produced by A. Plummer and A. Bonney / A. Plummer / Email: snackfamily@andrewplummer.co.uk  / Tel: +44 7813 482 198

Sonvol: http://archive.org/details/krep-productions Sonvols net.label / http://archive.org/details/nowaytwowayout net.label for slovenian authosrt tha Sonvol runs http://www.docstoc.com/profile/sonvol profile for e-zine Perjanik and fanzine krep that Sonvol runs http://www.myspace.com/krepproductions Myspace profile of Sonvols label http://www.facebook.com/smejko.matejko / Sonvol is a musical-noise project from Predoslje, a small village near Kranj in Gorenjska region of Slovenia, EU. It started in 2009 in Kranj. On Krep productions there was released: 1 LP, 8 EPs and 3 singles. Sonvol released several items with the name Sonervol, Patej, Zaman Cheh and VeDaKR. As Sonervol 2 EPs and one single, as Patej 1 EP and 1 single, as Zaman Cheh 1 EP and as VeDaKR 2 LPs, 2 EPs and 2 singles. All on Krep productions. Sonvol played in several punk bands as Skankmesija, The Little Things, Be Creep and Big Trip and one unnamed band in high school

Sound Inhaler: No answers, only painful, almost desperate questions / Contact: soundinhaler@yahoo.co.uk

Steve Beresford, Sharon Gal and Moshi Honen: Portion of a live, improvised set at Boat-Ting, London, UK 18th January 2010. Steve Beresford: electronics / Sharon Gal: voice / Moshe Honen: guitar & electronics / Filmed by Anthony Donovan

Stormhat: Stormhat is the moniker of the danish composer and visual artist, Peter Bach Nicolaisen. Stormhat is the danish name of a perennial and very poisonous plant which in latin is the "Aconitum"-family. Stormhat has released 10 albums on labels in USA, Great Britain, Belgium, Austria, Norway and Denmark + some tracks on different compilations. The music of Stormhat is meant for easy listening on the homestereo for the lonely and sentimental dreamer. Stormhat is a lot older than he sometimes appears

Supersoft (14-18): Stack Overflow at Line Zero - Paix, oh ! Ciel-dents, mixé, hervelé, caressé. Aimer tout, jambes, poulets, touch and go, cassis, framiches… Illuvions tendres, naguère châteaux, Base-ball ou bien. La femme aux maléfices chante l’âge d’or de la Forêt-noire. Il y a des canapés. Deviner l’hétaire panthère penser paniquer de la fuite en avant : de la truite à savant, un poil obscur, acerola flambeau translucide, table-nomenclature soignée saignée, homard thermidor, toutes les lettres jamais arrivées. Etc. Sandales Palerme sur vase là-haut cramoisi ou avec merguez-radar femme, pas si simple. Le duc d’Anjou est en villégiature, sans putti, seulement avec ses cuillères de mariage et l’étoile électrique de l’évasion en vain. Le germe était dans le maïs-magique. A jungle of intrigues ; mais à l’époque, tu ne m’avais pas cru. Fiel de femmelette et de turlupin, échauffourée de bungalow d’été oval, léopard à bras le corps, babiole du Caucase ; surplus d’antimatière : la musique, les moteurs, le hashish, Nabokov, les saucisses, les discussions de la toile de Pénélope. Bruit-passion salivé dans une belle salle de bain, à propos du trajet du nerf vague, sans être un expert. Une énième histoire kubrickienne, en somme, de lapis-lazuli, de myosotis et de machine à laver, où les mots ont dépassé la pensée. Reste rien. Pas de conséquences. Vis avec. Tu sais le sursis. Tu es grièvement faillible, pasteurisé, et ton téléphone urticant parle en cyrillique. Miséricorde transie, morose, écarquillée, souillée ; contorsionniste estropié ; tu es marqué. De longue haleine, si la bague doit être folie rouge; mille fois hélas, avoir reg
          Civil Civil Rights        

I am not a violent person. I have never hit either of my children for anything during their 26 plus years of life. I have never hit any of the gaggle of people who called themselves my wife. It has been over two decades since I hit the dog that lived with me. Even then it was only because I couldn't make him see reason when it came to soiling my floors and the base of my furniture. I try not to be violent.

Yesterday I came home and almost kicked the cat. What saved the cat was that it didn't do anything wrong. However, I was angry and I needed a release, so I yelled at the television newscasters at the top of my lungs. The neighbors probably thought it’s just the hippy next door acting out again. The cat cowered under the bed wondering what it had done to get the fat guy so mad.

So what got me seething? Yesterday the President of the United States gave Robin Roberts an interview where he told the country that his position on gays and lesbians had evolved to the point where he is in favor of enabling them to marry.

Wow. Isn’t that great? He’s finally come around to seeing who people love and how they love them has nothing to do with anyone other than the people they are loving. President Obama has finally evolved to the point where he believes gays and lesbians should have the same rights and freedoms of the heterosexual community. And I’m supposed to fawn over that epiphany like I would a child who just made potty in the porta?  Do you think all that education is finally paying off?

Let me be unequivocally clear about this. Prejudice, chauvinism and bigotry are wrong in all cases. There is never a time when it is permissible to discriminate for the sex of a person, for the color of their skin or for who they love; never. Not once a year. Not once since the time of Christ. Not once in a million years. There are no rights that heterosexuals should have that homosexuals don’t have.

Everyone should know this by now. It's really not such a difficult concept. When I hear the "Leader of the Free World" say publicly, only yesterday, that his opinion evolved to the point where gays and lesbians should be allowed to get married, it makes me wonder why I ever voted for this hockey puck in the first place. Then I remember that my other choice was a rock, so I was stuck between the figurative rock and a hard place. 

If heterosexuals can marry or be united in civil unions or whatever it may be called, so can homosexuals. If two people want to share their lives so that they give each other the rights of property, medical benefits, inheritance and all that goes along with the concept of marriage, the only restriction should be that the two people be human beings. I’m still not comfortable with bestiality but a that's a conversation for another day. My opinion is still evolving.

Why isn’t the religious right yelling about the separation of church and state now? My god was talking to me the other day - between tossing quasars across a nebula - and told me specifically that he thought that all love was good. Imagine that. God told me that love can’t be bad and so, if woman want to love women or men want to love men, or transgenders want to love eunuchs or hermaphrodites, that is great. Love is the most wonderful thing in the universe and nothing should get in the way of love.

Liberal newscasters were grateful to the President for his evolved opinion. They still don’t get it. Chris Matthews, one of the great liberal minds of our time, told his audience that we shouldn't legislate against different kinds of love. ARRRGGGGHHHH!!!

There are not "different kinds of love". Love is love. It’s all the same! It is the degree that you love that makes the difference. It's like saying there are different kinds of height or mass. Distance is distance. Love is love. There are not different kinds of mass just like there are not different kinds of love. There are only things we do differently with the people we love. We take different actions but love is love!

Actions and emotions are two different things. They should not be confused or related because they are not contingent on each other. The emotion of love is the same regardless of who the object of your love is. What a person does to, and for, those they loves is different for everyone. The emotion is the same. People are all different.

Then it gets down to the legalities. If you want to own a business in my country, you have to be fair. You have to hire the person you believe is the most qualified and you can’t fire that person unless they show you that you misjudged their qualifications. You can only lay them off for fiscal reasons.

The cat has made it through another day. Unfortunately, tomorrow I could come home yelling and screaming again. Who knows how the opinion of the leader of the free world will evolve tomorrow.


          Celebrate the Large and Long Program: A GNIRS Near-IR Spectroscopic Survey of z>5.7 Quasars        

Celebrate the Large and Long Program! is a series of blog posts which showcase the high-impact science under the Large and Long Program of Gemini Observatory. What is the Large and Long Program? The Large and Long Program (LLP) is one of five observing modes Gemini offers to users of our telescopes. These five modes […]

The post Celebrate the Large and Long Program: A GNIRS Near-IR Spectroscopic Survey of z>5.7 Quasars appeared first on Gemini Observatory.


          Power Rangers Premier Countdown: 7th Place goes to...        
Power Rangers Lost Galaxy Episode 30-32: To the Tenth Power, The Power of Pink and Protect The Quasar Saber


Why are these episodes some of the best?

There is nothing like a ranger team-up. They're the usual bits of Power Rangers fun and action with the added bonus of seeing two disparate casts of characters interact. While Zeo did have a team up with the Alien Rangers, it was minimal as far as content goes. To the Tenth Power is the first real team up we get in the ranger universe and it is prolific in what it does for the remainder of the season and Power Rangers as a whole. While not technically a multi-parter, these 3 episodes do work together as one complete story.

After the Psycho Rangers are defeated in Part 1, Cassie (Space Pink) and Kendrix (Galaxy Pink) team up to take down the one surviving Psycho, PsychoPink. The evil ranger is questing for a the "Savage Sword" a sword that grows in power with each strike it makes. Finding the sword and using it to steal power from Cassie's morpher, it looks like PsychoPink is going to win until the other rangers team up in their Megazords and take her down. However, Kendrix resolves to save Cassie's powers and her life, by sacrificing hers. This is the first time a ranger had died on screen, and the only time where it was "permanent." (Kendrix does return in the finale.)

While the death was written in for a real-world reason (Kendrix's actor was diagnosed with Leukemia and needed treatment), the solid storytelling and aftermath of her character's death is a really powerful moment for the franchise.

In the final part, Protect the Quasar Saber, the rangers go in search of Kendrix's saber when they learn it has fallen into evil hands. Karone, Andros/Space Red's sister and former villain Astronema, is able to get the saber away from the forces of evil, and after a near-death experience, inherits the powers of the Pink Ranger from Kendrix. There's a lot of character work at play here, with Karone having wanted to be a ranger since she was a little kid, and finally getting her chance here.



Why are these episodes not higher up on the list?

There's some continuity errors throughout the episodes. For one, it's not really explained how Deviot knew of the Psycho Rangers. (He calls them old friends, though it's probably just a throw away line.)

There's some weirdness when the other Space Rangers show up too- they were apparently summoned by Alpha, but he's surprised to see them. (He sends out a distress signal...but other than them, there are no other rangers active to receive it.)

Zhane is annoyingly absent from the episodes; I believe for availability reasons. It's just weird because Mike gets to play a fairly decent role here. (It also is just confusing that the episode is called "To the Tenth" when there are 11 people fighting.) Speaking of Mike, he is operating Terra Venture when Kendrix is killed, and it's really weird that we never get his reaction of her death.

While filming (or maybe in planning) Cassie was supposed to become the new Pink Galaxy Ranger, not Karone. If you watch the Power of Pink, you'll notice they heavily set this up, and then it's kind of dropped by the following episode. That's not exactly a problem, in fact it's nice to see Cassie and the other Space Rangers dealing with their guilt, but it's certainly a bit strange when Karone shows up. That's especially true when they never explain how she got from planet to planet.


How do these episodes possibly influence the movie?

These 3 episodes give us one thing that is not always present in Power Rangers- stakes. The stakes are high throughout all 3 parts. We have some of the toughest villains to ever appear on the show, 11 warriors teaming up to fight them, the death of one of those warriors to save another, and a former villain taking up the Power Ranger mantle in the dead one's place. It's epic, and a certain level of stakes are needed in the movie universe to make things work.


NOTE: TICKETS ARE OFFICIALLY ON SALE FOR THE POWER RANGERS MOVIE! THE MOVIE OPENS NEXT FRIDAY, MARCH 24th, with THURSDAY SHOWINGS AVAILABLE IN SOME AREAS. 

Head to Fandango and check for theaters in your area!

On this coming Monday, (March 20th), there will be a special episode of Cake Wars featuring the Power Rangers movie on Food Network. Becky G (Trini/Yellow Ranger) will be a guest judge. Check your local listings for times!
          Un monstruo en el espacio profundo: S5 0014+81        
En la constelación boreal de Cefeo, a una distancia de unos 3 Gigapársecs (12000 millones de años-luz), se encuentra uno de los objetos más exóticos y terribles que existen en el universo: un blázar.

Se trata de un caso particular de quásar, esto es, un núcleo de galaxia activo asociado a un agujero negro supermasivo. En el caso de los blázares, su particularidad reside en el hecho de que su haz de energía se encuentra apuntando directamente a nosotros (no hay peligro ya que se encuentran muy, muy lejos). Esto conlleva grandes y violentas variaciones de brillo en muy poco tiempo, hasta de un 50% en un día.

Recreación artística de un agujero negro supermasivo con una masa que multiplica la de nuestro Sol en muchos millones (incluso miles de millones). La materia acelera en el disco de acreción mientras cae al pozo gravitatorio creado por el agujero negro. Debido a la alta velocidad de rotación del mismo, se generan unos poderosos haces de energía (principalmente de Rayos X y Gamma) que parten a velocidades relativistas desde eje de rotación, en perpendicular al disco de acreción. Fuente: NASA/JPL-Caltech


Cuando el ángulo θ entre el jet de un quásar y nosotros es 0, nos encontramos ante un blázar. Fuente: NASA

El imaginativo y evocador nombre con el que ha sido bautizado este blázar (S5 0014+81, cosas de los astrónomos), corresponde al estudio S5 del Instituto Max Plank y a las coordenadas celestiales del objeto en cuestión (ascensión recta y declinación).

Representación artística de un grueso disco de acreción con enormes cantidades de gas y polvo. Este quásar está muy bien alimentado (algunos pueden llegar a 'devorar' el equivalente de 1000 masas solares al año) y prueba de ello son los potentes haces de energía de Rayos X y Gamma. Fuente: ESA / V. Beckmann (NASA-GSFC)

Nuestro protagonista de hoy, S5 0014+81 tiene unas dimensiones y una masa tan colosales que suponen todo un desafío a la imaginación: nada menos que 240000 millones de kilómetros de diámetro, aproximadamente 1600 veces la distancia que hay entre la Tierra y el Sol. Su masa tampoco se queda corta, ya que se ha estimado que puede alcanzar las 40000 millones de masas solares... ¡eso es 10000 veces más masivo que el enorme agujero negro que hay en el centro de la Vía Láctea!

Las descomunales dimensiones de este monstruo son evidentes en este gráfico. Nuestro sistema solar casi ni se puede apreciar en el centro de S5 0014+81. Su diámetro estaría en torno a las 1600 UAs (1 UA = 150 millones de km), mientras que el de nuestro Sistema Solar es de aproximadamente 80 UAs. Fuente: Desconocido

Supera con creces al que se creía que era el agujero negro supermasivo más grande: el que se encuentra en el corazón de la galaxia M87 y que ostentó ese récord durante 60 años (entre 6000 y 7000 millones de masas solares, que no es poca cosa).

 Una vista de la galaxia elíptica gigante M87, anfitriona del segundo agujero negro supermasivo más grande conocido. Imagen del Telescopio Espacial Hubble

Como podrán suponer, un objeto tan masivo también ha de tener un brillo formidable: este blázar emite una energía equivalente a la de 300 billones de estrellas como el Sol, o 25000 veces la luminosidad de TODA nuestra galaxia... El hecho de encontrarse a más de 12000 millones de años-luz de distancia ha hecho que sólo fuera detectado en 1981 y gracias al uso de radiotelescopios.

Afortunadamente estos 'monstruos' del espacio profundo se encuentran a tales distancias que su furia  y su voracidad no suponen ningún peligro para nosotros.

Referencias:


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          How Modern Lighting Can Destroy Your Sleep, Your Eyes & Your Health (& What You Can Do About It).        
https://bengreenfieldfitness.com/lighthealth Light can have a significant impact on your sleep and your health. In today's podcast, you're going to discover the hidden dangers of light-emitting diode (LED) lighting that most people are completely unaware of, including the risk of cataracts, blindness, age-related macular degeneration, mitochondrial dysfunction, metabolic disorders, disrupted circadian biology and sleep, cancer and more. LED light is currently used in applications as diverse as aviation lighting, automotive headlamps, advertising, general lighting, traffic signals, camera flashes, and lighted wallpaper. Large-area LED displays are used as stadium displays, dynamic decorative displays, and dynamic message signs on freeways. Thin, lightweight message displays are used at airports and railway stations, and as destination displays for trains, buses, trams, and ferries. LED's are also used in traffic lights and signals, exit signs, emergency vehicle lighting, ships' navigation lights, aircraft cockpits, brake lights, submarine and ship bridges, astronomy observatories, night vision, glowsticks and more. My guest is Dr. Alexander Wunsch, who is a physician, researcher and lecturer in light medicine and photobiology with particular interest in light effects and beneficial or adverse health impacts of solar radiation and artificial light sources on endocrine and cellular levels in humans. He conducts studies on photobiological effects of optical (UV, VIS and IR) radiation. In his private medical practice in Heidelberg, he uses therapeutic light spectra in combination with other biophysically based treatments and develops light equipment for medical and cosmetic purposes. He is associate lecturer at the Wismar University of Applied Sciences and mentors students in their master theses in light and health-associated topics. Alexander Wunsch presents at international conferences and operates as a consultant for federal authorities, media and industry. During our discussion, you'll discover: -Why LED light is so much different than other forms of light, especially with regards to how it affects your biology...[7:10] -The biggest sources of LED in your personal environment...[16:22] -Why monitor and light bulb flickering is such a serious issue when it comes to your health...[19:35] -How LED's (especially when used after sunset) vastly reduces the regenerative and restoring capacities of your eyes...[23:35] -Why near infrared, which is missing from LED light, is so important for you to be exposed to...[38:45] -What the healthiest type of lighting is to use and what should you look for when choosing a light...[53:00] -The two parameters you must look for in a light bulb, and what numbers those parameters should be at...[54:20 & 56:20] -Top recommendations for computer screens that don't damage your eyes...[70:15] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -Ben's podcast about the Iristech software he uses with his computer monitor -The ReTimer glasses Ben mentions -The HumanCharger Ben mentions -The RubyLux incadescent lightbulb Ben has on his desk -The LightingScience lightbulbs Ben mentions -The Vielight Neuro that Ben mentions -The Civilights that Dr. Wunsch discusses -The Soraa lightbulbs that Dr. Wunsch discusses -Meanwell AC to DC transformer -LowBlueLights grounding cable -Greenwave dirty electricity filter -The Eizo Flexscan monitor that Ben uses -The Apple CinemaDisplay that Dr. Wunsch uses -Alexander's Vimeo video channel Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Alexander or me? Leave your comments at BenGreenfieldFitness.com and one of us will reply! Addendum I have received multiple questions about the "Joovv" light that I use daily for testosterone enhancement (read more here or watch this video) - specifically whether the LED lights in the Joovv are harmful. Here is my take on that: The guy who makes the Joovv (Scott Nelson) is a friend of mine. Before starting Joovv, he spent close to 15 years in the medical device industry (with companies like Medtronic, Covidien, Boston Scientific, etc) and worked closely with world-renowned physicians, primarily the "who's who" in the fields of interventional cardiology, interventional radiology, and cardiovascular surgery. I do know he's studied the field of photomedicine quite a bit and have learned the following in conversations with him: -There are hundreds of published studies that point to the benefits of LLLT at specific wavelengths (both red and IR). There is a robust amount of clinical evidence that supports both red light (in the mid 600nm range) as well as IR. That's why Joovv offers the ability to add red, IR, or a combination of red/IR to their devices. So I don't *think* it's just "simple red light". -I asked them why LED's are used in Joovv, and they replied that you get 10x the efficiency without the heat loss, and included a graph that compares the WARP 10 device (LED-based red light) to a 250-watt heat lamp. (although way over-priced, the WARP 10 device was developed based on initial funding from NASA.) -With that said, you can benefit from incadescent heat lamps. The first Joovv prototype utilized eight 250 watt incandescent infrared heat lamps (that tripped breakers constantly). Countless studies show that 4-5 Joules of energy is required to get noticeable benefits from red light therapy; many show treatments at more than 100 Joules. You would trip breakers and die of heat exhaustion (LOL) trying to get this from incandescent heat lamps. Their tests using irradiance meters mirror the photon flux and literally, an inch away, you are getting less than 5 mW/cm2 from these lamps because over 90% of the energy is wasted as heat. Alternatively, their Joovv devices deliver over 50mW/cm2 at 6" way. And well over 100 mw/cm2 at an inch away. The efficiency of heat lamps is low in comparison to LEDs. So it would take 100 of these incandescent heat lamps bulbs (and more electricity than a 200 amp residential service can provide) to equal the output from their devices - not to mention the over-heating issue. -The key with any light therapy device is consistency. And the major problem with most light therapy devices (heat lamps included) is twofold: small treatment area combined with subpar output. That's why most of these devices recommend treatment times of 20+ minutes. They designed their devices to optimize for these two gaps in the market - treatment area and power output. The "net net" is that you don't have to use teir devices very long while still receiving benefits over a large surface area. Compliance is king when it comes to light therapy - and they feel their Joovv devices help with this issue. - Their devices emit negligible EMFs. Well below the 2 milligauss threshold. - Regarding red light and its ability to energize mitochondrial cytochrome C oxidase - see this seminal piece: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2790317/ - If you're comparing apples to apples, the Joovv devices are under-priced. Look at other players in the space - LightStim, Baby Quasar, etc. - when you consider the treatment size and power output, their devices are priced pretty fair. I mean, the LightStim LED bed is selling for $60k (not joking). The comparable Joovv Light Max starts out at $2395. And then there is this, from one of the lead Joovv engineers: -Regarding the effect of LED lights on circadian rhythms, there have been many studies on the effect that different wavelengths have on the human body and how the time of day is also an important consideration (and I know you've covered this before on your podcast and blog).  I think Mercola has an article that has some interesting information surrounding the wholesale replacement of incandescent bulbs with LED lights (as our everyday light source) that probably merits further study.     -LED lights are not necessarily problematic sources of EMF.  From the testing that I have done in multiple homes with EMF meters, the typical light switch and outlet generate more EMF than a high-quality LED transformer.  Additionally, the majority of studies that review negative effects of LEDs specify that the source of the issue is the heavy dosage of blue and green wavelengths at night that can disrupt sleep cycles.  This is consistent with what would be expected as the natural light we receive from the sun has a higher concentration of blue wavelengths in the morning and midday and then much of this is filtered out at dusk and we see a predominantly orange and red light distribution as our body prepares to rest.  Here is a great meta-analysis that helps explain these concepts - http://photobiology.info/Roberts-CR.html.  I have also seen several studies that demonstrate that red light helps with sleep quality (my teenage sons actually do their Joovv Light treatments right before bed).  Here is an example of a study showing benefits of LED-based red light for sleep quality: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3499892/.     -Finally, I think it's important to clarify that the human body receives light, from whatever source, as a distribution of light photons at a given intensity.  Essentially, our cells don't care if the photons were created by the sun, LEDs, lasers, or incandescent bulbs; they simply respond to the wavelength and intensity of the light.  As previously stated, there is an overwhelming amount of clinical research that shows significant health benefits from red light wavelengths as well as other wavelengths.  Joovv constantly get reports from customers, some of which are MDs, that were initially skeptical but now have witnessed the healing effects of red light therapy.     But to play devil's advocate...a physician I highly respect had this to say: "There is no question that LEDs are far more energy efficient, that is why the government banned the incandescent.  They are energy efficient on steroids no question about that.  But you are making the same mistake as the government saying that there is all this wasted energy. It is only wasted from the perspective of being able to provide visible light that can help you see.  BUT that “wasted” energy is primarily FULL SPECTRUM near infrared with a touch of mid infrared in the example of heat lamps as you can see by the graph I sent on the last email.  This “wasted” energy has very powerful biological effects, especially on the mitochondria." Anyways, just threw in these last bits for you true geeks out there. In the meantime, leave your questions, comments and feedback below...
           REVEALED: Here’s how Aamir Khan’s son Junaid will be making his acting debut         

REVEALED Here’s how Aamir Khan’s son Junaid will be making his acting debut

He is the superstar of Bollywood and as Aamir Khan gears up for yet another prestigious project, his son Junaid too is planning to venture into acting. Earlier, Aamir Khan had revealed that he would be in support of his kids’ decision [Junaid and Ira, his children from his first wife Reena Dutta] in case they chose acting as their profession. It seems that Junaid has made his choice and he is all set to make his acting debut as a theatre personality.

Junaid Khan will be making his theatre debut with the play Mother Courage and Her Children on August 19. He bagged the role after auditioning for it. Quasar Thakore Padamsee mentioned that he got a call from Junaid who expressed his interest in being a part of the play. While he initially dismissed him as just another kid from HR College, later, Padamsee was all praises for Junaid’s dedication and his creativity. Talking about how he often adjusted his timings, came early, stayed back late even if it was not his scene, Padamsee was impressed with his sincerity.

On the other hand, elaborating on the roles that will be played by Junaid Khan, Padamsee mentioned the particular role of Mother Courage’s son Swameed wherein he plays a man with many virtues but he is often limited by naiveté. He further appreciated Junaid for being a giving actor who is loved by all his co-stars and also how he contributes to the play in many aspects.

The said play in question will be staged on August 19 and 20 in South Mumbai at NCPA as well as on September 9 and 10 at the suburban educational institute St. Andrews in Mumbai.


          Why Should Evangelical Christians Care About Climate Change?        

Climate scientist Katharine Hayhoe, an evangelical Christian, has had quite a run lately. A few weeks back, she was featured in the first episode of the Showtime series The Years of Living Dangerously, meeting with actor Don Cheadle in her home state of Texas to explain to him why faith and a warming planet aren’t in conflict. (You can watch that episode for free on YouTube; Hayhoe is a science adviser for the show.) Then Time magazine named her one of the 100 most influential people of 2014. Cheadle wrote the entry. “There’s something fascinating about a smart person who defies stereotype,” Cheadle observed.

Why is Hayhoe in the spotlight? Simply put, millions of Americans are evangelical Christians, and their belief in the science of global warming is well below the national average. And if anyone has a chance of reaching this vast and important audience, Hayhoe does. “I feel like the conservative community, the evangelical community, and many other Christian communities, I feel like we have been lied to,” explains Hayhoe on the latest episode of the Inquiring Minds podcast. “We have been given information about climate change that is not true. We have been told that it is incompatible with our values, whereas in fact it’s entirely compatible with conservative and with Christian values.”

Hayhoe’s approach to science—and to religion—was heavily influenced by her father, a former Toronto science educator and also, at one time, a missionary. “For him, there was never any conflict between the idea that there is a God, and the idea that science explains the world that we see around us,” says Hayhoe. When she was 9, her family moved to Colombia, where her parents worked as missionaries and educators, and where Hayhoe saw what environmental vulnerability really looks like. “Some of my friends lived in houses that were made out of cardboard Tide boxes, or corrugated metal,” she says. “And realizing that you don’t really need that much to be happy, but at the same time, you’re very vulnerable to the environment around you, the less that you have.”

“In terms of addressing the climate issue,” says Hayhoe, “we don’t have time for everybody to get on the same page regarding the age of the universe.”

Her research today, on the impacts of climate change, flows from those early experiences. And of course, it is inspired by her faith, which for Hayhoe puts a strong emphasis on caring for the weakest and most vulnerable among us. “That gives us even more reason to care about climate change,” says Hayhoe, “because it is affecting people, and is disproportionately affecting the poor, and the vulnerable, and those who cannot care for themselves.”

The fact remains, though, that most evangelical Christians in the United States do not think as Hayhoe does. Recent data from the Yale Project on Climate Change Communication suggests that while 64 percent of Americans think global warming is real and caused by human beings, only 44 percent of evangelicals do. Evangelicals in general, explains Hayhoe, tend to be more politically conservative, and can be quite distrusting of scientists (believing, incorrectly, that they’re all a bunch of atheists). Plus, some evangelicals really do go in for that whole “the world is ending” thing—not an outlook likely to inspire much care for the environment. So how does Hayhoe reach them?

From our interview, here are five of Hayhoe’s top arguments, for evangelical Christians, on climate change:

1. Conservation is conservative. The evangelical community isn’t just a religious community, it’s also a politically conservative one on average. So Hayhoe speaks directly to that value system. “What’s more conservative than conserving our natural resources, making sure we have enough for the future, and not wasting them like we are today?” she asks. “That’s a very conservative value.”

Indeed, many conservatives don’t buy into climate science because they don’t like the “big government” solutions they suspect the problem entails. But Hayhoe has an answer ready for that one too: Conservative-friendly, market-driven solutions to climate problems are actually all around us. “A couple of weeks ago, Texas … smashed the record for the most wind energy ever produced. It was 38 percent of our energy that week, came from wind,” she says. And Hayhoe thinks that’s just the beginning: “If you look at the map of where the greatest potential is for wind energy, it’s right up the red states. And I think that is going to make a big difference in the future.”

2. Yes, God would let this happen. One conservative Christian argument is that God just wouldn’t let human activities ruin the creation. Or, as Sen. James Inhofe of Oklahoma has put it, “God’s still up there, and the arrogance of people to think that we, human beings, would be able to change what he is doing in the climate, is to me, outrageous.” You can watch Inhofe and other religious right politicians dismissing climate change on biblical grounds in this video.

Hayhoe thinks the answer to Inhofe’s objection is simple: From a Christian perspective, we have free will to make decisions and must live with their consequences. This is, after all, a classic Christian solution to the theological problem of evil. “Are bad things happening? Yes, all the time,” says Hayhoe. “Someone gets drunk, they get behind the wheel of a car, they kill an innocent bystander, possibly even a child or a mother.”

Climate change is, to Hayhoe, just another wrong, another problem, brought on by flawed humans exercising their wills in a way that is less than fully advisable. “That’s really what climate change is,” she says. “It’s a casualty of the decisions that we have made.”

3. The Bible does not approve of letting the world burn. Hayhoe agrees with the common liberal perception that the evangelical community contains a significant proportion of apocalyptic or end-times believers—and that this belief, literally that judgment is upon us, undermines their concern about preserving the planet. But she thinks there’s something very wrong with that outlook, and indeed, that the Bible itself refutes it.

“The message that, we don’t care about anybody else, screw everybody, and let the world burn, that message is not a consistent message in the Bible,” says Hayhoe. In particular, she thinks the apostle Paul has a pretty good answer to end-times believers in his second epistle to the Thessalonians. Hayhoe breaks Paul’s message down like this: “I’ve heard that you’ve been quitting your jobs, you have been laying around and doing nothing, because you think that Christ is returning and the world is ending.” But Paul serves up a rebuke. In Hayhoe’s words: “Get a job, support yourself and your family, care for others—again, the poor and the vulnerable who can’t care for themselves—and do what you can, essentially, to make the world a better place, because nobody knows when that’s going to happen.”

4. Even if you believe in a young Earth, it’s still warming. One reason there’s such a tension between the evangelical community and science is, well, science. Many evangelicals are young-Earth creationists, who believe that the Earth is 6,000 or so years old.

Hayhoe isn’t one of those. She studied astrophysics and quasars that are quite ancient; and as she notes, believing the Earth and universe to be young creates a pretty problematic understanding of God: “Either you have to believe that God created everything looking as if it were billions of years old, or you have to believe it is billions of years old.” In the former case, God would, in effect, seem to be trying to trick us.

But when it comes to talking to evangelical audiences about climate change, Hayhoe doesn’t emphasize the age of the Earth, simply because, she says, there’s no need. “When I talk to Christian audiences, I only show ice core data and other proxy data going back 6,000 years,” says Hayhoe, “because I believe that you can make an even stronger case, for the massive way in which humans have interfered with the natural system, by only looking at a shorter period of time.”

“In terms of addressing the climate issue,” says Hayhoe, “we don’t have time for everybody to get on the same page regarding the age of the universe.”

5. “Caring for our environment is caring for people.” Finally, Hayhoe thinks it is crucial to emphasize to evangelicals that saving the planet is about saving people ... not just saving animals. “I think there’s this perception,” says Hayhoe, “that if an environmentalist were driving down the road … and they saw a baby seal on one side and they saw a human on the other side, they would veer out of the way to avoid the baby seal and run down the human.” That’s why it’s so important, in her mind, to emphasize how climate change affects people (a logic once again affirming the perception that the polar bear was a terrible symbol for global warming). And there’s bountiful evidence of this: The just-released Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s “Working Group II” report on climate impacts emphasizes threats to our food supply, a risk of worsening violence in a warming world, and the potential displacement of vulnerable populations.

So is the message working? Hayhoe thinks so. After all, while only 44 percent of evangelicals may accept modern climate science today, she notes that that’s considerable progress from a 2008 Pew poll, which had that number at just 34 percent. Ultimately, for Hayhoe, it comes down to this: “If you believe that God created the world, and basically gave it to humans as this incredible gift to live on, then why would you treat it like garbage? Treating the world like garbage says a lot about how you think about the person who you believe created the Earth.”

To listen to the full interview with Katharine Hayhoe, you can stream below.


          Mysterious New Object Discovered in Space ("micro-quasar")        
A strange and mysterious new object in space may the brightest and long-lasting "micro-quasar" seen thus far, a miniature version of the brightest objects in the universe. The object suddenly began pumping out radio waves last year in the relatively nearby galaxy M82, some 10 million light-years away. Its discovery was announced Tuesday. "The new object, which appeared in May 2009, has left us scratching our heads — we've never seen anything quite like this before," said researcher Tom Muxlow, a radio astronomer at the University of Manchester's Jodrell Bank Observatory in England. M82 is a "starburst galaxy," one that...
           Modeling Mid-infrared Diagnostics of Obscured Quasars and Starbursts         
Snyder, Gregory F. and Hayward, Christopher C. and Sajina, Anna and Jonsson, Patrik and Cox, Thomas J. and Hernquist, Lars and Hopkins, Philip F. and Yan, Lin (2013) Modeling Mid-infrared Diagnostics of Obscured Quasars and Starbursts. Astrophysical Journal, 768 (2). Art. No. 168. ISSN 0004-637X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20130605-082348981
           A Population of Dust-rich Quasars at z ~ 1.5         
Dai, Y. Sophia and Bergeron, Jacqueline and Elvis, Martin and Omont, Alain and Huang, Jia-Sheng and Bock, Jamie and Cooray, Asantha and Fazio, Giovanni and Hatziminaoglou, Evanthia and Ibar, Edo and Magdis, Georgios E. and Oliver, Seb J. and Page, Mathew J. and Perez-Fournon, Ismael and Rigopoulou, Dimitra and Roseboom, Isaac G. and Scott, Douglas and Symeonidis, Myrto and Trichas, Markos and Vieira, Joaquin D. and Willmer, Christopher N. A. and Zemcov, Michael (2012) A Population of Dust-rich Quasars at z ~ 1.5. Astrophysical Journal, 753 (1). Art. No. 33. ISSN 0004-637X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20120724-121521512
           Constraints on cosmic hemispherical power anomalies from quasars         
Hirata, Christopher M. (2009) Constraints on cosmic hemispherical power anomalies from quasars. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2009 (9). Art. No. 011 . ISSN 1475-7516. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20091102-093731579
          A Surprising Alignment of Quasars Across the Universe        
In a remarkable discovery, astronomers using ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile have discovered that quasars separated by billions of light years are aligned parallel to each other, as if they were under the influence of an unseen mechanism that gets them pointing in the same direction. This mechanism seems to be related to the […]
          Comment on Quasar light switches by Editor’s selections: Galactic light switches, deadly rhododendrons, and railways of light | Skulls in the Stars        
[…] Quasar light switches. You don't want light switches like this at home! Emma at we are all in the gutter talks about recent research concerning quasars and active galactic nuclei -- after powering down, they can sometimes start back up again! This is a great potential confirmation of the connection between quasars and radio galaxies. […]
          Comment on Quasar light switches by http://yahoo.com        
“Quasar light switches | we are all in the gutter” certainly got me personally simply addicted with your page! I reallydefinitely will wind up being returning considerably more regularly. With thanks ,Felicia
          Cannondale Slice triathlonfiets        

Mooie Cannondale Slice 2014 model in de aanbieding.

Cannondale Slice 2014 model, nieuw gekocht in 2015
Maat 56, ik ben zelf 1m79 en zit met een normaal zadel of ISM goed
Volledig carbon
Shimano 105 afgemonteerd
FSA crank

Altijd netjes onderhoud gehad en 'seizoensklaar' beurt. Laatste onderhoudsbeurt is er een nieuwe ketting op gezet.

Fiets komt met origineel zadel (foto 8 en 9) of ISM zadel (foto 6 en 7, tegen 100 euro meerprijs).

Fiets kan met standaard wielen of Quasar QS6 wielen (tegen 400 euro meerprijs). Wielen zijn niet los te koop. 

De fiets is twee jaar gebruikt en heeft heel lichte gebruikssporen. Ik doe hem weg omdat ik met mijn nieuwe zadel (Specialized Power) niet goed genoeg naar voren kan zitten en dus niet in de juiste fietspositie kan komen.

Vragen? Gewoon mailen!

Bieden kan via de marktplaats link!

https://link.marktplaats.nl/m1191882071


          New Research Shows Quasars Slowed Star Formation        
Research led by Johns Hopkins University scientists has found new persuasive evidence that could help solve a long-standing mystery in astrophysics: why did the pace of star formation in the universe slow down some 11 billion years ago?
          in the creaky reeds        
Contrarian acoustagrarian swagger, only as what grows here now is feed only for the terrorweather quasar field and matrices now. the storms of storms, the heat down below and from on high, literally burned up the atmosphere, did a real number on their planet. the only one of its kind, as far as they knew. the one and only
Earth ever known. alone there in the universe. Hi!
          CAMARAS DE VIDEO Y GENERADORES, GANGA - $ 700.000        
camara de video PANASONIC M3000, con estuche, camara de video QUASAR modelo VML457, generador de caracteres JX-T66 con adaptador, generador COLOR WRITER SIMA ...
          Weekly Space Hangout – April 28, 2017: Tim Blais of A Capella Science        

Host: Fraser Cain (@fcain) Special Guest: Tim Blais is the founder of A Capella Science, an “educational and utterly nerdy online video project.” You can find his videos online on YouTube at A Capella Science. Guests: Jolene Creighton (fromquarkstoquasars.com / @futurism) Their stories this week: Total Eclipse of the Sun to be commemorated on a […]

The post Weekly Space Hangout – April 28, 2017: Tim Blais of A Capella Science appeared first on Universe Today.


          Lov na Porina:Čak 175 skladbi u konkurenciji za Pjesmu godine        

 

Jučer je počeo prvi krug glasanja za 23. glazbenu nagradu Porin i u slijedećih tjedan dana više od 1200 Porinovih glasača birat će svoje favorite u 35 kategorija. Prvi krug glasanja za nominacije završava 7. veljače u ponoć, poručuju iz organizacijskog tima Porina. Velika konkurencija. Ove godine zabilježen je porast u broju prijava u odnosu na prošlu godinu. Za trajanja prvog kruga glasanja glazbena zajednica će od ukupno 1515 prijava raspoređenih u 35 kategorija izabrati po tri skladbe ili albuma, osim za kategorije Album godine i Pjesma godine gdje će, kao i lani, birati njih pet. Najviše prijava ima u kategoriji Pjesma godine za koju je prijavljeno čak 175 skladbi. Veliki je interes i za kategoriju Album godine za koju su prijavljena 73 albuma pa ostaje za vidjeti tko će zaslužiti ovogodišnje nominacije, javljaju iz Porina. I ove godine u kategorijama Album godine i Pjesma godine, nakon prvog kruga glasovanja, bit će proglašeno po pet nominacija za nagradu, te će se u drugom krugu natjecati po pet nominiranih albuma, odnosno pet pjesama u tim kategorijama, umjesto dosadašnjih tri. Radi se o dvije najprestižnije i najatraktivnije kategorije, u kojima je zaista velika konkurencija, pa vjerujemo da ima smisla i potrebe da privučemo pažnju javnosti na veći broj najkvalitetnijih radova, naglasio je predsjednik Upravnog odbora Porina Neven Frangeš. A na adresu Porina za kategoriju Album godine stiglo je gotovo sve ono što je objavljeno prošle godine, a među 73 prijavljena albuma su i neki koji su se našli visoko pozicionirani na listama najboljih domaćih albuma poput jazz trojca Chui i njihovog hvaljenog »Third Sun From The Stone«, Splićana iz kolektiva T.B.F i »Danas, sutra«, tu je i »dani zatvorenih vrata« Hladnog piva, »Zmajevi na vjetru« grupe Vatra. Među prijavljenim albumima lijepo je vidjeti i riječke muzičare poput Urbana i njegove Četvorke koji su u igri s »Live 2015«, Vlade Simcicha Vave i Vedrana Križana odnosno projekta »Harbour Cyclone«, tu su i Morso i Quasarr, ali i Keops, The Hood Fellas, pa i Gustafi, ali i mlade snage Moskva. Stručni žiri  Upravni odbor Porina ove je godine posebnu pažnju posvetio izrazito stručnim kategorijama produkcije, aranžmana i snimke, koje publika manje vidi, ali koje imaju veliki utjecaj na konačnu umjetničku vrijednost radova. Stoga je za ove tri kategorije ustanovljeno posebno glasačko tijelo. Za ove tri kategorije ustanovili smo posebno, glasačko tijelo sastavljeno od producenata, aranžera i istaknutih glazbenika, vođeni željom da se te posebne vrijednosti prepoznaju i afirmiraju, i da ne budu naprosto »dodatne nagrade« samoj pjesmi odnosno izvedbi, ističe Frangeš. Za koga su se odlučili glasači Porina te tko su nominirani glazbenici bit će poznato 15. veljače. Svečana dodjela bit će održana 17. ožujka u Splitu, u dvorani Gripe uz prijenos uživo na Prvom programu HTV-a.

 

Izvor: http://www.novilist.hr/Scena/Glazba/Lov-na-Porina-Cak-175-skladbi-u-konkurenciji-za-Pjesmu-godine


          Album tjedna - Quasarr        

Quasarr- Sjene (Croatia Records)


Riječki elektro-pop bend Quasarr došao je do novog, trećeg po redu albuma nazvanog "Sjene". Prvi dojam: ponavljanje je majka mudrosti. Od svojih početaka, Quasarr se pokazao kao jedan vrlo istančani bend koji zna zavesti melodijama i atmosferom u pjesmama, a ništa novog nisu ponudili i na novih devet pjesama. I dalje je to jedna vrlo zavidna i zaokružena cjelina koju smo već jako dobro upoznali. Kad ne bi ovom albumu prethodila dva albuma kao što su bila "Quasarr" i fenomenalan "Propaganda", ovaj album bih lakoćom proglasio još jednim remek-djelom riječke scene, ali ovako, u usporedbi s tim albumima, jasno je da "Sjene" malo kaskaju, da nije sve tako upečatljivo kao prije. Jedan od razloga jest što tu nema nikakvog iznenađenja, bend se drži onog što najbolje zna i ne pokušava previše dalje eksperimentirati sa svojim zvukom. To je i razumljivo jer su uspjeli doći do zavidnog zvuka koji će mnogi proglasiti 'svjetskim', a na tragu je bendova poput Depeche Mode, Hurts i sličnih. Drugi razlog leži u možda ne toliko prodornim pjesmama, mnoge od njih ne legnu niti na prvu, niti na više slušanja što bi se moglo poprilično odbiti o glavu što se tiče radijskog etera. Time uopće ne mislim da su one loše, ali svojom kompleksnošÄ‡u neće privući nove fanove, dok će stari uživati u njima. Ako tako postavimo stvari, jasno je da Quasarr neće napraviti potrebni iskorak prema eliti hrvatske glazbene scene, iako to zaslužuju. To je jedan od rijetkih bendova koji prati što se događa vani i to im daje vrlo dobru inspiraciju u stvaranju novih pjesama. Znači, nije se puno tog promijenilo, i dalje je to jedan elektro/synth pop pod utjecajem pop i rock glazbe, zanimljivih tekstova i prije svega atmosfere u pjesmama što će se vrlo lako uklopiti 'mračnjačkom' trendu koji nas sve više okružuje. Neka produkcijska rješenja i minijature unutar pjesama čine taj zanimljivi faktor, ali ipak nema toliko velikog odmaka i inovacija u odnosu na prva dva albuma benda. Nakon uvodne "Prije tebe", taj dojam se ne dobiva jer je upravo ova stvar ono što se i očekuje od jednog benda na trećem album. Quasarr je ovdje progresivniji, prodorniji, plesniji, dublje je zagrizao u elektronske vode, pa sve zvuči kao da su htjeli napraviti radiofoničnu pjesmu poput Penduluma za hrvatsko tržište. Uspjeli su u tome, nema sumnje. Naslovna ima pomalo ledzeppelinski kashmirovski štih što joj ponovno daje jedan poprilično jak komercijalan štih, dok suradnj s Josipom Lisac u "Ljubav" djeluje kao zrelo ostvarenje dvoje vrhunskih izvođača koja je na žalost ispala kao jedna od najvećih dosada na albumu. Nakon tog dolazi taj najveći dio albuma kojeg možemo nazvati maksimalno ziheraškim, gdje se bend nije želio previše odmaći od zvuka koji ga je postavio na mjesto gdje su danas. Iskreno, to mjesto bi trebalo biti bolje jer su vrlo moderan bend, ali kod nas trendovi izvana dolaze očito par sezona kasnije, a što se tiče same glazbe, rekao bih da te 'sezone traju' i po nekoliko desetljeća. "Sjene" će zacementirati Quasarr kao jedne od najboljih bendova koje su kritičari digli kao vrhunske glazbenike, a publika ih  još nije otkrila u pravom smislu. Šteta, jer Quasarr su predobar bend.


Izvor recenzije: http://muzika.20minuta.hr/clanak/56613/albumi/quasarr-koji-smo-vec-jako-dobro-upoznali.aspx


Kupi naslove "Quasarr"





          06T016000 - DEAN DEAN QUASAR PLUS        
#DEAN #DEANDEANQUASARPLUS #safety #recall
TIRES:TREAD/BELT
Nov 17, 2007 - more details
          Alert Notice 179: 2337+56 Nova Cassiopeiae 1993 AND Brightening of 0849+20 OJ 287 Cnc AND Close monitoring requested        

December 14, 1993

2337+56 NOVA CASSIOPEIAE 1993 [V705 Cas]

Syuichi Nakano reports the photographic discovery of a nova in Cassiopeia by Kazuyoshi Kanatsu of Matsue, Shimane, Japan, on December 7.47 UT at photographic magnitude 6.5 on a T-Max 400 exposure with a 55-mm f/2.8 lens. This discovery was confirmed by the discoverer on December 11.42 at photographic magnitude 6.5. Other estimates include: Dec. 5.44 UT, <10.0 (A. Tago, Tsuyama, Okayama, Japan; T-Max); 7.47, 7.5 (Tago); 11.63, 6.5 (S. Otomo, Kiyosato, Yamanishi, Japan, visual); 11.65, 6.4 (K. Tomita, Tokyo, Japan, visual) (IAU Circular 5902).

K. Kawanishi, Akou, Hyogo, Japan, has determined the 1950 position of N Cas 93:

RA. 23h 39m 22.36s Dec. +57o 14' 23.7"

B. Skiff, Lowell Observatory, reports that a precursor candidate appears on both the B and R plates of the Palomar Sky Survey at B magnitude 18 and B-R ~ +1.0 (IAU Circular 5904).

Peter Collins (Scottsdale, AZ) reports an independent visual discovery of N Cas 93 on Dec 13.29 UT at magnitude 6.0, with a second observation on Dec 13.40 at 6.2. The nova has been around magnitude 6.5, as reported by observers around the world, and shown by the following recent observations: Dec 14. 01 UT, 6.0 (G. Poyner, Birmingham, England); 14.12, 6.3 (R. Stewart, Rochelle Park, NJ); 14.15, 5.9 (C. Scovil, Stamford, CT); 14.18, 6.4 (P. Schmeer, Bischmisheim, Germany); 14.22, 6.1 (W. Dillon, Missouri City, TX).

N Cas 93 is close to the Mira variable 2339+56 Z Cas. The accompanying ''b'' chart of Z Cas, prepared by C. Scovil, shows Nova Cas 1993 together with comparison stars with photoelectric (V) magnitudes from Geneva Observatory (M. Grenon et al.) and Lowell Observatory (B. Skiff). Please monitor this bright nova closely and report your observations, indicating the comparison stars used, to AAVSO Headquarters using the charge-free number (800-642-3883). The AAVSO answering machine is on nights and weekends for your convenience.

Our congratulations to Kazuyoshi Kanatsu and Peter Collins!

BRIGHTENING OF 0849+20 OJ 287 CNC

The BL Lac type quasar-like object OJ 287 Cnc, which has quasi-periodic brightenings every 11 to 12 years, may be starting be active again, as indicated by the following observations reported by D. York, Abiquiu, NM, and G. Poyner, Birmingham, England: Dec. 9.24 UT, 14.6 visual magnitude (York); 10.25, 15.0 (York); 11.25, 15.0 (York); 14.03, 15.1 (Poyner); 14.26, 15.4 (York).

Its last flaring activity was in 1983-84, when OJ 287 Cnc brightened to about magnitude 13.5. There is an international campaign to monitor this object this winter. Please observe it closely, using the accompanying "e" scale AAVSO preliminary chart, recording your observations to the minute (four decimal places of the day), and call in your observations to AAVSO Headquarters if you see OJ 287 Cnc brighter than magnitude 15.0.

CLOSE MONITORING REQUESTED

1. 2138+43 SS Cyg. Astronomers in Europe are interested in observing SS Cyg with the IUE satellite during its next anomalous outburst. Please monitor SS Cyg closely, and inform AAVSO Headquarters when it starts to brighten, and then continue to report your observations of SS Cyg throughout the rise to maximum so we may determine if the outburst is anomalous and inform the interested colleagues.

2. 0749+22 U Gem. Astronomers at the Space Telescope Science Institute and Villanova University are interested in monitoring the next outburst of U Gem with the EUVE satellite, and have asked our assistance. Please monitor U Gem and report your observations to AAVSO Headquarters when you see it brighter than magnitude 13. Please keep us informed of its behavior throughout its outburst.

3. 2318+17 IP Peg. Astronomers in the Canary Islands wish to be alerted to the next outburst of IP Peg. Please monitor this star closely and inform us when it brightens. Please be advised that IP Peg is a cataclysmic variable that has deep eclipses of two magnitudes or more with a period of 3.8 hours and lasting several tens of minutes. Monitoring the eclipses during the outburst is valuable and recommended using the following ephemeris provided by P. Szkody: JD 2445616.4156 + 0.15820616E, and reporting the timing of all positive observations to the minute (four decimal places).

4. 0900-31 T Pyx. Astronomers at the Space Telescope Science Institute have asked our assistance in alerting them immediately when T Pyx has its next outburst. This recurrent nova, which has had outbursts in 1890, 1902, 1930, and 1966, is overdue for an outburst. Observers are cautioned to be certain of their identification of T Pyx. Several times in the we have been alerted to the variability of numerous stars in the field, as indicated on the accompanying chart from the Royal Astronomical Society of New Zealand.

5. 1834-23 V348 Sgr. Observers are reminded to call in your observations to AAVSO Headquarters when V348 Sgr begins to recover from its minimum so that we may inform astronomers at Louisiana State University, who are interested in monitoring it during its rise back to maximum.

Most sincere thanks for all your efforts throughout the year to provide data support to so many variable star research programs which use both ground-based telescopes and space satellites. You play a vital part in these projects!

Happy holidays and good observing,

Director

---------------------------------------------------‬
SUBMIT OBSERVATIONS TO THE AAVSO

Information on submitting observations to the AAVSO may be found at‭:‬
http‭://‬www.aavso.org/webobs

ALERT NOTICE ARCHIVE AND SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION

An Alert Notice archive is available at the following URL‭:‬
http‭://‬www.aavso.org/alert-notice-archive

Subscribing and Unsubscribing may be done at the following URL‭:‬
http‭://‬www.aavso.org/observation-notification#alertnotices

-------------------------------------------------

Please support the AAVSO and its mission -- Join or donate today:
http://www.aavso.org/apps/donate/

 


          Selections from my Asteroids Fan Fiction        
O Captain, My Captain

PLAYER 1 looked at his crew. They were a ragged bunch of misfits, from every ghetto of every planet in the galaxy. Many of them were wanted criminals, but for good crimes, like stealing bread to feed babies, or punching corrupt politicians in the face. They would follow him to Hell and back without even blinking (and some of them were aliens that had to blink a lot, because they came from moist, water-logged planets).

But this was too much.

"Look, you all heard me," Captain PLAYER 1 said, with steely resolve, to his crew. "Engineer Bok-Gloo-Vulk, you can sit this one out."

Bok-Goo-Vulk looked dejected. Had he done something to offend his captain?

"I know what you're thinking, Bok-Goo-Vulk," the captain continued, as if he had read his engineer's mind, which he almost had, because a good captain can practically read his crew's mind, "but you haven't done anything to offend me. You will be useful, and you are the best damned engineer this side of the Quasar Sector, but I've got a plan."

Second Commander Ah-mee spoke up. She was beautiful, and had a very pretty face, but she didn't take guff from anyone, man, alien, or asteroid. "But Captain, without Bok-Goo-Vulk working the forward thrusters, will be sitting ducks! Don't let our personal relationship impair your judgments." Ah-mee was referring to the fact that PLAYER 1 and Ah-mee had had sex.

"That's right," Captain PLAYER 1 continued, with confidence in his voice, "we'll be sitting ducks. So we'll be relying on Twyn and Twynn," Twyn and Twynn were two twins from the Gemini Galaxy who worked the fore and aft (left and right) engines, which caused the ship to rotate, "and Lt. Worf," Worf was a Klingon, a race notable for its combat prowess and deep-rooted sense of honor, and was in charge of firing the ship's single, massive weapon: the deadly Proton-Neutrino Cannon, "to get us through this alive."

"Rather than hunt down the asteroids, we're going to let the asteroids come to us."


From Killer Asteroids Come Death

The asteroid split into two pieces, with a mighty rupture sound that couldn't be heard, because in space you can't hear sound. But the ship's computer delivered a reasonable facsimile (copy) of the sound. Captain AAA had the computer log the kill.

This area of space would be free for space settlers in no time.

But then he noticed something really bad.

He thought he had destroyed the asteroid.

But he hadn't.

He'd actually just split it up into smaller pieces.

And those smaller pieces were moving fast.

Straight. At. His. Ship.

Captain AAA didn't have time to think. He hit the forward thrusters, expertly dodging through the little bits of left-over space flotsam into the clear space on the other side.

It was a close call, but he had made it into the clear, for now. Space Command had promised that they would build him up to 2 more ships, should he destroy the ship he was in, but he liked old reliable Century Hawk, his trusty ship, and didn't want to see her, or himself, come to harm.

As the next asteroid came into his gun's sights, this time he realized he wouldn't take any chances. He unloaded a full barrage of torpedoes, massive energy shots that pulverized the asteroid, and most of the pieces the asteroid broke up to, in milliseconds. Bright shining bits of asteroid flew across space like fireworks in an ancient Earth custom known as "4th of July." The glittering pieces of stone looked for a second like little stars.

But then, behind him, another asteroid crept up. 5 parsecs away. 4 parsecs away. 3 parsecs away!

Would he go into hyperspace, or try to evade? He had no time to think. "Better take my chances evading it here, rather than jump into hyperspace and end up in some unknown and possibly dangerous part of this quadrant," Captain AAA thought.

Jumping into hyperspace seems like it would be helpful, and many early cadets often use it quite a bit. But experienced captains, like Captain AAA, know that it can often leave your ship right in the path of another incoming asteroid, or even near the same place you were trying to avoid! Hyperspace can be useful, but really it should be saved for truly dire situations (four or more asteroids coming in at you from multiple directions). Also, as a good Captain AAA knew that he could occasionally evade detection by piloting his ship into the region of space in which it shows his current score. Due to a glitch in the space-time continuum, the flying saucer won't shoot there.

2 parsecs away.

Captain AAA suddenly realized something. By moving forward just a bit, his ship would leap across space (because space-time is curved, as Albert Einstein showed in his work) and appear on the other side of the quadrant. He accelerated forward, deftly avoiding the asteroid. He was now on the other side of the quadrant.

The asteroid, relentless and evil, was following right behind him, but now he knew it was coming. He turned around and fired, even though his ship was still moving in the direction it was moving before he turned. This tactic can be useful if you are traveling in one direction, but an asteroid is coming from another. Captain AAA knew that you didn't have to always accelerate, but that it could sometimes help to move in one direction while firing in another. It's hard to master, but if you do master it, like Captain AAA did, no asteroid is safe (but your ship is).

At 1 single parsec away from Century Hawk, the last tiny piece of the asteroid exploded. His space-bullet had hit its mark.

The computer added 100 points (like dollars, but invented by the Space Command to use instead of money) to his score.

There was no time to rest. More asteroids remained. "C'mon, Century Hawk, we've got more work to do."


My Enemy, My Lover

The alien spacecraft landed on the planet. They had chosen Neptune as a neutral planet in which to meet. Why had this flying saucer been trying to attack him for so long?

The hatch opened, and PLAYER 1 was shocked to see a hot, sexy alien woman was the captain. "A woman captain?" he thought, but not in a misogynist (woman-hating) way, but more in a "good for you," sort of way.

"Let me explain myself," the "enemy" alien captain said, in a very sultry voice with an exotic accent. "I was never trying to shoot you. I was trying to help you destroy asteroids. But my species never developed the technology to aim our weapons fire," the alien vessel used a Matter-Antimatter Laser, which was powerful but unpredictable, "so it looked like occasionally I was firing at you."

"I apologize, PLAYER 1, if I ever damaged your ship. We had the same goals, you and I."

She removed her very skimpy and sexy alien captain's uniform, revealing that her race had the same general anatomical features as human women from PLAYER 1's home planet, Earth.

That night, under the light of Neptune's 13 moons (Triton, Naiad, Thalassa, Despina, Galatea, Larissa, Proteus, Nereid, Halimede, Sao, Laomedeia, Psamathe, and Neso), they made beautiful, wonderful love.
          A Compendium of Cool Comics Cosplay: September 14        
It’s time once again for our Friday comics cosplay feature, casting the spotlight on the best comics related costumery from the cosplay community.  We’re focusing on those cosplayers who we think deserve special recognition for coming up with the best costumes, whatever the budget, and the photographers who capture them for posterity. This week we’re featuring some awesome cosplay of  Huntress, Luke Cage, Hawkman, She-Hulk, Blade, Quasar, Doctor Strange, Darkseid, Emma Frost, The Riddler, Beta Ray Bill, Kid Devil, Hawkeye and Captain America!
          The Very Best Cosplays from PAX Prime 2015        

 

We're still trying to get the proper credits up for this, so if you recognize yourself or a friend, send an email to jake.young(at)dorkly(dot)com and we will update the information as soon as humanly possible.

 

1. Destiny Guardian Lord Shaxx and Vex Goblin by Punished Props

vex destiny
photo credit: Dave Hendler

 

2. Splatoon Group with Pookie Bear Cosplay and Spoopiest Cosplay

splatoon cosplay pax prime
photo credit: David Ngo

 

3. Lissandra and Gnar (League of Legends) by BritTheBadger and MissMorganModeling

ice witch lissandra league of legends cosplay
photo credit: Martin Wong Photography

 

4. Gordon Freeman by TheFreemanChronicles

Gordon Freeman
photo credit uncle_shoggoth

 

5. Venusaur, Charizard, and Blastoise Gijinkas by Ellipses Cosplay

pokemon final evolutions form cosplay
photo credit: David Ngo

 

6. War Boy, Immortan Joe and Imperator Furiosa by Greg Smith, RawrBomb and UrbanflowerDesigns

mad max fury road cosplay
photo credit by N8Zim.com 

 

7. Cold Hearted Romance by Danquish and Deanna

elsa subzero pax prime cosplay
photo credit: Martin Wong Photography

 

8. 1950's Bombshell Samus by Maddi McFly

1950s bombshell samus cosplay retro
photo credit: The Will Box

 

9. Bonnie and Springtrap (Five Nights at Freddy's) by Inuki Cosplay and @arttimoverne

five nights at freddys holy crap cosplay
photo credit: BabyCharmanderKeckleon

 

10. Crocheted Yoshi Wooly World Costumes by SmallRiniLady

yoshi wooly world
photo credit HollyGreenGames

11. Volvagia (Ocarina of Time) by hylianjean

volvagia

 

12. Draugrs (Elder Scrolls Series) by Punished Props (again!)

draugers skyrim cosplay
photo credit Martin Wong Photography

 

13. Full Size Starcraft Marine 

marine
photo credit: Dave Hendler

 

starcraft marine cosplay
photo credit: Martin Wong Photography

 

14. Skull Kid (Majora's Mask) by Amanda Brock

skull kid
photo credit: uncle_shoggoth

 

15. Raiden by maadderredd

raiden
photo credit: @ZachariusD 

 

16. Scizor and Bug Catcher by Frack Attack

scizor pax prime cosplay
photo credit: Prinny-Fun-Cosplay

 

17. RNGesus by @chrispysaid

jesus
photo credit: uncle_shoggoth

 

18. Dual FemSheps by QuasarCosplay and SixAmCosplay

femshep
photo credit: J Krolak

 

19. Annie and Tibbers (League of Legends)

league of legends tibbers cosplay
photo credit: @briancmorris

 

20. TheWitcher Cosplay Group with LeeAnnaVamp, Eve Beauregard, and Nadyasonika

Ciri triss merigold the witcher yennefer cosplay
photo credit: David Ngo

 


          LIA Cast 199 - Everyday Carry        

Do you have a creative kit that you never leave home without? If so, what kinds of tools go in that container? How does examining the stuff you plan on making, transportation, location, and ergonomics figure in? What kind of bag/backpack/sling do you choose, and how do you organize the tools within?

Join Jerzy and Rob for an exploration of assembling your creative travel kit.

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Thanks to our top Patreon supporters

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Support the show via Patreon


          Auteur: Quasar47        
Woah… C’est super beau ici! Je suis impressionné, vous avez fait du super boulot! Je suppose qu’on est là pour se présenter… Ça expliquerait les autres articles ici… Bon ben allez, et si c’est pas ça, Axel pourra toujours venir me taper sur les doigts ^^ Je… Je suis écrivain. Voilà. Bonne journée!                 Bon sérieux, qu’est-ce que vous voulez que je vous dise? J’ai toujours été nul en présentation, je sais pas...

Lire la suite Lire la suite


          Fermi Bubbles        

Hot gas is exploding out of the center of the galaxy. It forms giant bubbles that extend more than 30,000 light-years above and below the galaxy’s hub. The bubbles emit gamma rays — the most powerful form of energy. Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope has traced these expanding bubbles, which have been named Fermi bubbles in its honor. The observations have revealed how fast the gas is moving. In turn, that reveals when the outflow began.

The astronomers used Hubble Space Telescope to observe a distant quasar that’s behind the bubbles. As the quasar’s light passes through the Fermi bubbles, atoms of gas absorb some of the energy. These observations indicate that the gas is rushing out of the Milky Way’s central regions in all directions — at about two million miles per hour.

That speed reveals that the outflow started about two-and-a-half million to four million years ago. So that’s when something happened to trigger the eruption. One possibility is that a cloud of gas fell toward the supermassive black hole at the Milky Way’s center. The gas got extremely hot as it did so, creating enough radiation to blow surrounding gas far out into space.

Astronomers are analyzing more than 20 other quasars whose radiation passes through the Fermi bubbles. Since each quasar probes a different line of sight, the observations should yield the velocities of gas throughout the bubbles — perhaps settling the question of their origin.


Script by Ken Croswell, Copyright 2015

Subject Areas:

StarDate: 
Monday, July 20, 2015
Teaser: 
Blowing bubbles in the Milky Way

          Călătorie prin Cosmos... cu ajutorul picturii        

Space: the final frontier; celebrul anunț ce deschidea episoadele serialului Star Trek, difuzat și în România la începutul anilor ’90, sintetizează modalitatea omenească de organizare a percepÅ£iei, relevându-ne cele două forme pure ale tuturor intuiÅ£iilor noastre. Nu putem gândi lumea în afara acestor coordonate definitorii. Așa cum remarca Stephen Hawking în 1988, în a sa “Scurtă istorie a timpului”, â€œDacă vom descoperi vreodată o teorie completă și inatacabilă de la început la sfârșit, aceasta va deveni triumful suprem al rațiunii umane, pentru că din acel moment vom cunoaște cum funcționează mintea lui Dumnezeu”.
Aceasta este și  ideea cea mai pregnantă a ultimei expoziții de pictură a doamnei Mihaela Cocheci, vernisată în seara de joi, 2 aprilie 2015, la Sala Constantin Brâncuși a Palatului Parlamentului, din strada Izvor nr. 2-4.

Organizat într-un spațiu extrem de generos, evenimentul a debutat cu o scurtă introducere făcută de către dl. Mihai Costin în calitate de gazdă a expoziției.
Curatorul expoziției, a fost și de această dată criticul de artă Marius Tița, care a împărtășit publicului câteva reflecții despre arta Mihaelei Cocheci și despre “motorul” care o împinge în aceste călătorii fantastice, în care de fiecare dată ne ia ca martori.

“Din aceste călătorii” remarca domnul Marius Tița“în agenda de călător inițiat sunt o serie de mesaje pe care le regăsim unde vreți dumneavoastră; în marile scrieri ale orientului, în marile imagini ale orientului, în marile alegorii, inclusiv grafice. Orientul ne trimite prin simple mișcări grafice, senzații, atmosfere, înțelegeri, în simple descrieri, în simple tușe care ar trebui ă fie litere, ideografic până la urmă, cărora artista le acordă un sens prorpiu, o interpretare proprie, o construcție proprie.” 


“Sunt forme scoase atât din elementul celular, sunt universuri și infinituri care copiază celula, atomul...” ne dezvăluie dl. Tița. 

Copleșită și  de această dată de emoțiile și bucuria reîntâlnirii cu publicul, Mihaela Cocheci a transmis mulțumiri celor prezenți, accentuând:

“Vă spun un mare adevăr: voi sunteți de fapt muza mea! În momentul în care lucrez absolut orice pânză, vă am în sufletul meu. Am pictat toată expoziția gândindu-mă la următoarea frază din rugăciunea Tatăl Nostru: Precum în cer, așa și pe Pământ! Și atunci, am încercat să realizez tablourile acestea gândindu-mă permanent că așa cum este acolo, trebuie să fie și aici sau așa cum este aici, trebuie să fie și acolo.”

Expoziția care reunește 42 de tablouri, introduce privitorul, nu într-o singură lume, ci într-un întreg univers, plin de astre, planete, stele, quasari și multe alte înfățișări surprinzătoare din cosmologia cunoscută și totuși nebănuită a lumii. Toate, caracterizate până la cea mai mica tușă, de formă, culoare dar, mai presus de orice, de sentimentul comunicării elementare cu natura și cu universul în care trăim. De altfel, chiar autoarea lucrărilor a dorit prin această expoziție să aducă “un omagiu TIMPULUI care ne ajută să înțelegem mai bine SPAȚIUL, vital - existențial!”.



Detaliile de cea mai mare finețe ale fiecărei pânze, culorile care dau fiecărui tablou o notă distinctă dar totuși unitară cu întreaga temă, formele extrem de recognoscibile și totodată pline de inedit au puterea de a oferi cu adevărat acea evadare în fantastic dorită de multe ori de fiecare om, prizonier al vieții cotidiene. 


Teleportarea este evidentă cu fiecare imagine în parte, deoarece spiritul este eliberat și transportat direct în centrul celor mai surprinzătoare peisaje, punându-l în fața evidenței: acum ești pe o planetă fruct, mai departe te vei găsi în fața unei galaxii floare, apoi asiști pe viu fie la explozia unui quasar sau ești pe cale să fii atras în roșul deplin al unui soare muribund.


Ondulismul, curentul creat chiar de Mihaela Cocheci își găsește prin această expoziție una dintre cele mai elocvente expresii, prin geometria fiecărei imagini. 

Universurile paralele, spiralele temporale își pierd orice umbră de dubiu, înfățișându-se privirilor în cele mai neașteptate momente, îngăduind astfel martorilor nașterea amintirii, crearea memoriei la care se face apel tot mai des, purtând omul într-o continuă călătorie prin timpul-spațiu.



După cum spuneam și cu prilejul altor expoziții ale Mihaelei Cocheci, fiecare lucrare este o invitație la apropiere decentă, la o tacită dar totală comunicare cu propriile gânduri și la surpriza temei, a culorii care conduce treptat şi umple sufletele de luminile vii pe care numai soarele și în definitiv toate stelele cosmosului le pot dărui.




Expoziția poate fi vizitată până în ziua de 30 aprilie 2015 inclusiv, între orele 10 și 17.




Bogdan Butariu, 06.04.2015

          Comment on Quasar VHS VCR No. VH-5100QW by neovideohunter        
Thanks for the tip!
          #33 El juez admite que el pelotazo que mandó a Chelo a la UCI es delito, pero desestima la denuncia        

Lo lógico es presentar la querella contra el Jefe de la unidad, por permitir que estos vayan fuera de la ley. El juez hace un guiño y luego pasa de la pelota lanzada. Ehh, pero estamos en la Europa Novel de la Paz.

» autor: Elrosquasard


          Cuando por la noche miramos al cielo, tenemos la impresión de que observamos un montón de estrellas        


Cuando por la noche miramos al cielo, tenemos la impresión de que observamos un montón de estrellas. A simple vista podemos ver unas 2500 estrellas en cualquier punto de la Tierra y el total de estrellas visibles puede oscilar entre 5800 a 8000, pero esto es tan solo una diminuta fracción de las estrellas existentes en la Vía Láctea. Los astrónomos estiman que debe haber del orden de 200 a 400 mil millones de ellas, sólo en la Vía Láctea. Entonces, ¿porqué solo vemos tan pocas estrellas?

Nuestro Sistema Solar se encuentra en el disco de la Vía Láctea a unos 30.000 años luz del centro de la misma, la cual es una galaxia espiral barrada de unos 100.000 años luz de diámetro, esto quiere decir que existe mucha distancia y una gran cantidad de estrellas entre nosotros y el otro extremo de la galaxia. Cuando observamos todas estas estrellas, incluso las más cercanas que son relativamente brillantes pueden quedar eclipsadas por las más brillantes existentes detrás de ellas. Si pretendes tratar de contarlas, échale un vistazo a éste mosaico realizado por la NASA.


Las estrellas más lejanas que se pueden observar a simple vista, salvo un par de excepciones, se encuentran a 1.000 años luz de distancia. Existen bastantes estrellas brillantes en la Vía Láctea, pero las nubes de polvo y gas, especialmente el que se encuentra en el centro galáctico, bloquean el paso de la luz visible. Por lo tanto, tan solo podemos ver realmente las que se encuentran en nuestras cercanías, y las existentes en el otro lado de nuestra galaxia se encuentran ocultas a nuestra vista. Las cámaras infrarrojas, sensibles al calor, como las del COBE pueden ver a través del gas y del polvo porque la luz infrarroja puede pasar a través de él. Se adjunta una imagen de la Vía Láctea tomado con luz infrarroja por el COBE.


Entonces, ¿Cómo podremos saber cuántas estrellas existen en la Vía Láctea? Bien, realmente no podemos contarlas, entre otras cosas porque muchas de ellas no podemos verlas. El número de estrellas se puede calcular observando la órbita de las estrellas en el disco de la Vía Láctea, obteniendo la velocidad orbital de la misma y calculando posteriormente su masa. Tras determinar ésta (y tras sustraer el halo de materia oscura que constituye el 90% de su influencia, los astrónomos realizan una estimación de las masas y tipos de estrellas existentes en nuestra galaxia con el fin de obtener una masa promedio y así estimar que existen de 200 a 400 miles de millones de estrellas. Si se desea obtener una explicación más detallada de todo éste proceso véase Cómo actúa la Vía Láctea?

Todos aquellos estudiantes de la Exploración y Desarrollo del Espacio (SEDS) que deseen una información pormenorizada acerca de la Vía Láctea vean: http://seds.org/messier/more/mw

Fuente | Latinquasar.com
          PENCIPTAAN ALAM SEMESTA        

Alam semesta adalah fana. Ada penciptaan, proses dari ketiadaan menjadi ada, dan akhirnya hancur. Di antaranya ada penciptaan manusia dan makhluk hidup lainnya. Di sana berlangsung pula ribuan, bahkan jutaan proses fisika, kimia, biologi dan proses-proses lain yang tak diketahui.
Dalam buku Penciptaan Alam Raya karya Harun Yahya ini penulis memperkokoh keyakinan akan terintegrasinya pemahaman Islam dan pemahaman manusia (ilmuwan) tentang asal muasal alam semesta. Adapun pertemuan pemahaman ayat Al Quran dan sains astronomi adalah bahwa alam semesta ini berawal dan berakhir; dan Al Quran lebih jauh memberi petunjuk bahwa alam semesta mempunyai Dzat Pencipta (Rabbul alamin). Fenomena ini diharapkan menjadi pembuka jalan dan pemicu integrasi Islam dalam kehidupan manusia.
Seperti buku-buku Harun Yahya lainnya, penulis mengungkapkan renik-renik kehebatan, kemegahan, keindahan, keserasian, dan kecanggihan sebuah sistem di alam semesta, dan mengakhiri dengan pertanyaan: Apakah sistem yang demikian serasi terjadi dengan sendirinya, tanpa Yang Maha Perencana dan Yang Maha Pencipta? Eksplorasi semacam ini menggugah kecerdasan spiritual manusia, mendekatkan seorang muslim dengan khalik-Nya.
Mari kita berbincang sedikit mengenai alam semesta ini.

Dimulai dari planet Bumi: sebuah wahana yang ditumpangi oleh bermiliar manusia. Kecerdasan spiritual manusialah yang akan memberi makna perjalanan di alam semesta ini; perjalanan antargenerasi selama bermiliar tahun tanpa tujuan akhir yang diketahui pasti, yang gratis dan tak berujung, hingga waktu kehancurannya tiba.
Namun Bumi masih terlalu kecil dibandingkan Matahari, sebuah bola gas pijar raksasa, lebih dari 1.250.000 kali ukuran Bumi dan bermassa 100.000 kali lebih besar. Bumi yang tak berdaya, tertambat oleh gravitasi, terseret Matahari mengelilingi pusat Galaksi lebih dari 200 juta tahun untuk sekali edar penuh. (Lalu apa rencana secercah kehidupan kita dalam pengembaraan panjang ini? Sangat sayang bila kita tidak sempat melihat kosmos hari ini. Sangat sayang kita tidak berencana sujud dan berserah kepada Tuhan Yang Mahakuasa.)
Pengiring Matahari lainnya adalah planet Merkurius, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturnus, Uranus, Neptunus, Pluto, asteroid, komet dan sebagainya. Ragam wahana dalam tata surya itu berupa sosok bola gas, bola beku, karang tandus yang sangat panas; semuanya tak terpilih seperti planet Bumi. (Lalu, mengapa wahana yang tersebar di alam semesta yang sangat luas itu tak semuanya mudah atau layak dihuni oleh kehidupan?)
Putaran demi putaran waktu berlalu, kehancuran wahana bermiliar manusia akan menghampiri perlahan tapi pasti. Namun, berbagai pertanyaan manusia tentang misteri alam semesta masih belum atau tak berjawab. Berbagai upaya rasionalitas manusia telah dikerahkan dan pengetahuan bertambah, namun misteri alam semesta itu terus menjadi warisan bagi generasi berikutnya.
Penjelajahan akal manusia mendapatkan fakta-fakta penyusun alam semesta, mulai dari dunia atom, planet, tata surya, hingga galaksi dan ruang alam semesta yang berbatas galaksi-galaksi muda. Dengan itu, pengetahuan manusia merentang dalam dimensi panjang 10-13 hingga 1026 meter, yang merupakan batas fakta-fakta yang dapat diperoleh dalam dunia sains. Pada abad ke-21 manusia masih berambisi untuk menyelami dunia 10-35 meter (skala panjang Planck) atau 10-20 kali lebih kecil dari penemuan skala atom pada dekade pertama abad ke-20. Begitu pula dimensi lainnya seperti waktu, energi, massa, rentangnya meluas dari yang lebih kecil dan lebih besar.
Tentang rentang waktu alam semesta, manusia mendefinisikan berbagai zaman (dan zaman transisi di antaranya): Zaman Primordial, ketika usia alam semesta antara 10-50 hingga 105 tahun, Zaman Bintang, (106 - 1014 tahun), Zaman Materi Terdegenerasi, (1015 - 1039tahun), Zaman Black Hole, (1040 - 10100 tahun), Zaman Gelap ketika alam semesta menghampiri kehancurannya dan Zaman Kehancuran Alam Semesta, ketika materi meluruh. Tanpa fakta-fakta dan ilmu yang diketahui manusia (atas izin Allah), akhirnya manusia hanya bisa berspekulasi dan tak bisa mendefenisikan berbagai keadaan, misalnya sebelum kelahiran alam semesta dan setelah kehancuran.
Penjelajahan akal manusia bisa menggapai penaksiran hal-hal berikut: jumlah partikel (di Matahari 1060 atau di Bumi 1050), energi ikat (antara Bumi dan Matahari sebesar 1033 Joule), energi radiasi matahari sebesar 1026 watt, energi Matahari yang diterima Bumi sebesar 1022 Joule, energi yang diperlukan manusia per tahun sebesar 1020 Joule, energi penggabungan inti atom, fissi 1 mol Uranium sebesar 1013 Joule, energi yang dihasilkan 1 kg bensin sebesar 108 Joule. Sebuah anugerah yang besar bagi manusia, walaupun melalui proses yang panjang.

Kesan umum luas dan megahnya alam semesta diperoleh penghuni Bumi dengan memandang langit malam yang cerah tanpa cahaya Bulan. Langit tampak penuh taburan bintang yang seolah tak terhitung jumlahnya. Struktur dan luas alam semesta sangat sukar dibayangkan manusia, dan progres persepsi dan rasionalitas manusia tentang itu memerlukan waktu berabad-abad.
Deskripsi pemandangan alam semesta pun beragam. Dulu alam semesta dimodelkan sebagai ruang berukuran jauh lebih kecil dari realitas seharusnya. Ukuran diameter Bumi (12.500 km) baru diketahui pada abad ke- 3 (oleh Eratosthenes), jarak ke Bulan (384.400 km) abad ke-16 ( Tycho Brahe, 1588), jarak ke Matahari (sekitar 150 juta km) abad ke-17 (Cassini, 1672), jarak bintang 61 Cygni abad ke-19 , jarak ke pusat Galaksi abad ke-20 (Shapley, 1918), jarak ke galaksi-luar (1929), Quasar dan Big Bang (1965). Perjalanan panjang ini terus berlanjut antargenerasi.
Benda langit yang terdekat dengan bumi adalah bulan. Gaya gravitasi bulan menggerakkan pasang surut air laut di bumi, tak henti-hentinya selama bermiliar tahun. Karena periode orbit dan rotasi Bulan sama, manusia di Bumi tak pernah bisa melihat salah satu sisi permukaan Bulan tanpa bantuan teknologi untuk mengorbit Bulan. Rahasia sisi Bulan lainnya, baru didapat dengan penerbangan Luna 3 pada tahun 1959.
Pada siang hari, pemandangan langit sebatas langit biru dan matahari atau bulan kesiangan; sedang di saat fajar dan senja, langit merah di kaki langit timur dan barat. Interaksi cahaya matahari dengan angkasa Bumi melukiskan suasana langit yang berwarna warni.
Matahari sendiri adalah satu di antara beragam bintang di Galaksi. Ada bintang yang lebih panas dari Matahari (suhu permukaan Matahari 5.800o K), seperti bintang panas (bisa mencapai 50.000oK) yang memancarkan lebih banyak cahaya ultraviolet-cahaya yang berbahaya bagi kehidupan. Ada bintang yang lebih dingin, lebih banyak memancarkan cahaya merah dan inframerah dibandingkan cahaya tampak yang banyak dipergunakan manusia.
Manusia bisa mencapai batas-batas pengetahuan alam semesta yang luas, mengenal ciptaan Allah yang tidak pernah dikenali di muka bumi seperti Black Hole, bintang Netron, Pulsar, bintang mati, ledakan bintang Nova atau Supernova, ledakan inti galaksi dan sebagainya. Akan tetapi, berbagai fenomena yang sangat dahsyat itu tak mungkin didekatkan dengan mahluk hidup yang rentan terhadap kerusakan. Walau demikian, ada jalan bagi yang ingin bersungguh-sungguh menekuninya.

Pemahaman manusia tentang alam semesta mempergunakan seluruh pengetahuan di bumi, berbagai prinsip-prinsip, kepercayaan umum dalam sains (seperti ketidakpastian Heisenberg tentang pengukuran simultan dimensi ruang dan waktu), serta berbagai aturan untuk keperluan praktis. Melalui sebuah kerangka besar gagasan yang menghubungkan berbagai fenomena (teori relativitas umum, teori kinetik materi, teori relativitas khusus) coba dikemukakan satu penjelasan. Berbagai hipotesa, gagasan awal atau tentatif dikemukakan untuk menjelaskan fenomena. Tentu gagasan tersebut masih perlu diuji kebenarannya untuk dapat dikatakan sebuah hukum.
Dunia fisika membahas konsep energi, hukum konservasi, konsep gerak gelombang, dan konsep medan. Pembahasan Mekanika pun sangat luas, dari Mekanika klasik ke Mekanika Kuantum Relativistik. Mekanika Kuantum Relativistik mengakomodasi pemecahan persoalan mekanika semua benda, Mekanika kuantum melayani persoalan mekanika untuk semua massa yang kecepatannya kurang dari kecepatan cahaya. Mekanika Relativistik memecahkan persoalan mekanika massa yang lebih besar dari 10-27 kg dan bagi semua kecepatan. Mekanika Newton (disebut juga mekanika klasik) menjelaskan fenomena benda yang relatif besar, dengan kecepatan relatif rendah, tapi juga bisa dipergunakan sebagai pendekatan fenomena benda mikroskopik.
Mekanika statistik (kuantum klasik) adalah suatu teknik statistik untuk interaksi benda dalam jumlah besar untuk menjelaskan fenomena yang besar, teori kinetik dan termodinamik. Dalam penjelajahan akal manusia di dunia elektromagnet dikenal persamaan Maxwell untuk mendeskripsikan kelakuan medan elektromagnet, juga teori tentang hubungan cahaya dan elektromagnet. Dalam pembahasan interaksi partikel, ada prinsip larangan Pauli, interaksi gravitasi, dan interaksi elektromagnet. Medan menyebabkan gaya; medan-gravitasi menyebabkan gaya gravitasi, medan-listrik menyebabkan gaya listrik dan sebagainya. Demikianlah, metode sains mencoba dengan lebih cermat menerangkan realitas alam semesta yang berisi banyak sekali benda langit (dan lebih banyak lagi yang belum ditemukan).
Pengetahuan tentang luas alam semesta dibatasi oleh keberadaan objek berdaya besar, seperti Quasar atau inti galaksi, sebagai penuntun tepi alam semesta yang bisa diamati; selain itu juga dibatasi oleh kecepatan cahaya dan usia alam semesta (15 miliar tahun). Itulah sebabnya ruang alam semesta yang pernah diamati manusia berdimensi 15-20 miliar tahun cahaya. Namun, banyak benda langit yang tak memancarkan cahaya dan tak bisa dideteksi keberadaannya, protoplanet misalnya. Menurut taksiran, sekitar 90% objek di alam semesta belum atau tak akan terdeteksi secara langsung. Keberadaannya objek gelap ini diyakini karena secara dinamika mengganggu orbit objek-objek yang teramati, lewat gravitasi.
Berbicara tentang daya objek, dalam kehidupan sehari-hari ada lampu penerangan berdaya 10 watt, 75 watt dan sebagainya; sedangkan Matahari berdaya 1026 watt dan berjarak satu sa* dari Bumi, menghangatinya. Jika kita lihat, lampu-lampu kota dengan daya lebih besarlah yang tampak terang. Menurut hukum cahaya, terang lampu akan melemah sebanding dengan jarak kuadrat, jadi sebuah lampu pada jarak 1 meter tampak 4 kali lebih terang dibandingkan pada jarak 2 meter, dan apabila dilihat pada jarak 5 meter tampak 25 kali lebih redup.
Maka, kemampuan mata manusia mengamati bintang lemah terbatas. Ukuran kolektor cahaya juga akan membatasi skala terang objek yang bisa diamati. Untuk pengamatan objek langit yang lebih lemah dipergunakan kolektor atau teleskop yang lebih besar. Teleskop yang besar pun mempunyai keterbatasan dalam mengamati obyek langit yang lemah, walaupun berhasil mendeteksi obyek langit yang berjuta atau bermiliar kali lebih lemah dari bintang terlemah yang bisa dideteksi manusia. Pertanyaan lain muncul: Apakah semua objek langit bisa diamati melalui teleskop? Berapa banyak yang mungkin diamati dan dihadirkan sebagai pengetahuan?
Makin jauh jarak galaksi, berarti pengamatan kita juga merupakan pengamatan masa silam galaksi tersebut. Cahaya merupakan fosil informasi pembentukan alam semesta yang berguna, dan manusia berupaya menangkapnya untuk mengetahui prosesnya hingga takdir di masa depan yang sangat jauh, yang akan dilalui melalui hukum-hukum alam ciptaan-Nya. Pengetahuan kita tentang hal tersebut sangat bergantung pada pengetahuan kita tentang hukum alam ciptaan-Nya; sudah lengkap dan sudah sempurnakah, ataukah baru sebagian kecil, sehingga mungkin bisa membentuk ekstrapolasi persepsi yang salah?
Sampai di batas mana manusia bisa membayangkan dan menjangkaunya? Bagaimana kondisi awal, bagaimana kondisi sebelumnya, bagaimana kondisi 5 miliar tahun ke depan, bagaimana kondisi 50 miliar tahun ke depan dan seterusnya? Apakah pengetahuan agama akan memberi jawaban atas berbagai pertanyaan tersebut? Alam semesta yang megah akan runtuh, akan hancur, tapi entah bagaimana prosesnya, dan ada apa setelah kehancuran itu? Kita kembali kepada Allah untuk mencari jawaban-Nya, karena Dia adalah zat Maha Mengetahui atas segala ciptaan-Nya, dan manusia hanya diberi pengetahuan-Nya sedikit.

Begitulah, melalui sains manusia mencoba dideskripsikan apa dan bagaimana proses fenomena alam bisa terjadi dalam konteks eksperimen dan pengamatan, dengan parameter yang bisa diamati dan diukur. Agama memperluas spektrum makna alam semesta bagi manusia tentang kehadiran benda-benda alam semesta, kehidupan dan manusia. Jawaban singkat tentang pertanyaan Siapa pencipta alam semesta beserta hukum-hukum alamnya: Allah adalah zat yang Maha Pencipta. Agama memperluas pengetahuan yang dicakup oleh metodologi sains dan rasionalitas manusia seperti berkenalan dengan alam gaib, akhirat dan sebagainya. Namun begitu, rupanya berbagai pertanyaan manusia tentang misteri alam semesta di sekitar planet Bumi masih banyak yang belum terjawab atau mungkin tak berjawab hingga kehancuran Bumi.
terima kasih kepada harunyahya
Wallahu a'lam bishawwab

          Letters from Leadership        
As I read this newsletter I am reminded of the precision of our name, Michoud Assembly Facility Operations, and the intrinsic importance of the work we do. I enjoy this reminder. I know that I need this reminder, and I don’t think I am alone in this. By week’s end, I occasionally wonder what was really accomplished, why do what we do, what is better now than before and what will be better in the future? Without a consistent recorder of achievement, pride and success like the Messenger, our everyday work that demands unwavering dedication and passion could become “just a job.” Unless we step back from our day-to-day activities to reflect on the historic nature of the extraordinary products and services that we support, we risk becoming insensitive to the elite nature of our work and our inherent responsibilities as industry leaders. I remember when Dr. Michael Griffin, previous NASA Administrator, accepted the 2007 Quasar Award for economic development excellence. His economics-centric acceptance speech was somewhat NASA/Space Program specific, but his ideas on “acceptable reasons” and “real reasons” for space related expenditures offer a compelling answer to any question of why we pursue technological advances. He specified these “real reasons” as our desire to compete, our sense of human curiosity, our wonder and awe at the unknown and the unending quest for knowledge. Dr. Griffin referenced Norman Mailer’s book “Of a Fire on the Moon,” to highlight the kind of people who recognize the importance, power and majesty of a technological event; people who engage in such things; people like us. As you read The Messenger, step back and consider for a minute the broader influence of the work we do. Think about the enduring benefit to humankind from the Michoud Assembly Facility, from our contributions, from all the associated companies and people providing their individual support to the history of space exploration, fusion energy research, transportation, infrastructure, biotechnology and the environment. Realize the magnitude of all of this and take pride that 100, 500 or 1,000 years from now, the world will be better, in part, because of what we are involved in today.Pat CampbellJacobs Vice President and Deputy GeneralMichoud Assembly Facility
          vão chegar mas sabemos 3        



Aliens do Futuro
Lista de aliens que Ben possuirá no futuro, aparecem somente em "Ben 10.000" e "Ken 10". Ambos destes episódios se passam no futuro.
Alien
Poderes
Raça
Planeta/Sol/Lua
Iguana Ártica
Congelamento, Raios de Gelo, Cauda Forte
Polar Manzardill
X'Nelli
Cuspidor
Disparo de Ácido à Mais de 600 km/h
Spheroid
Scalpasc
Megawhatt
Disparo de Choque, Multiplicação, Possessão de Máquinas
Megawhatt
Nosedeen Quasar

          chocante        

Chocante (Buzzshock)
Ele foi conhecido no início como Megawhatt, quando apareceu pela primeira vez no episódio "Ben 10.000" pois ninguém conhecia o seu nome. Atenção: o nome verdadeiro do alienígena é Chocante! Podem assistir o episódio "Ken 10" e verão que eu não estou mentindo. Como o herói não havia sido nomeado, ficou Megawhatt como foi chamado no episódio "Armadilha Para Turistas". Esse alienígena apareceu pela primeira vez como vilão no episódio "Armadilha Para Turistas". Ele estava preso numa bola de elásticos e após entrar em contato com o omnitrix o alien se libertou. É uma criatura elétrica que pode entrar em objetos eletrônicos e agir no seu interior. Também lança raios. O omnitrix se localiza no seu peito. Chocante, quando partido ao meio, a outra parte vira um outro megawhatt. Não foi demonstrado isso acontecendo com Ken e nem com Ben 10.000, mas aconteceu no episódio "Armadilha Para Turistas" com o vilão. Ou seja, se isso acontece com o Megawhatt, acontece com o Chocante também. O herói vem do planeta Nosedeen Quasar, e o nome da raça, por ironia, é Megawhatt, mesmo nome do vilão e como o herói era conhecido no início. Não há descrições de como é o planeta dele. O herói se demonstrou muito fraco quando usado por Ben, mas mesmo assim Ben 10.000 e Ken usaram bastante ele. Ken, filho de Ben, não gostou de saber quando o Chocante estava entre as suas transformações e não algum alienígena poderoso. O Chocante tem a cabeça, olhos e raios de eletricidade verdes, enquanto o Megawhatt tem os olhos, cabeça e raios elétricos amarelos. Basicamente o poder do Chocante é como do Pikachu, do desenho Pokémon.
Raça: Megawhatt
Planeta: Nosedeen Quasar

          Gothic Anal Whores        
Recommended.

Genres: 18+ Teens, All Sex, Alt Girls, Anal, Tattoos, Goth Girls

Director: Joanna Angel
DP: Mike Quasar

Menu

Chapters Menu

Cast: Dahlia Sky, Arya Fae, Chloe Carter, Eden Sinclair (credited Eden Sin), Tommy Pistol, Markus Dupree, Small Hands, Owen Gray

Length: 1 hour 41 minutes

Date of Release: June 26, 2017

Extras: Menu-Selectable Trailers, Web Info

Trailers Menu

Condoms: None

Audio/Video Quality: Ve...Read the entire review


          Adventures With The Baumgartners        
Highly Recommended.

Genres: Feature, Couples, Threesomes, Polyamory, 18+ Teens

Screenwriter/Director: Kay Brandt Producer: Red Bud
DP: Mike Quasar

Menu

Chapters Menu

Chapters Menu

Cast:

AJ Applegate - Gretchen
Anikka Albrite - Mrs. B
Sara Luvv - Ronnie
Edyn Blair - Daphne
Katy Kiss - Paige
Mick Blue - Doc (Mr. B)
Xander Corvus - Vince
Derrick Pierce - Ari
Read the entire review


          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Maizco Майска        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Maizco Майска одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Maizco Майска производства компании «Сельхозтехника»

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Laverda, Лаверда, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки John Deere Джон Дир        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки John Deere (Джон Дир) одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки John Deere Джон Дир производства компании «Сельхозтехника»

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Тележка транспортная агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки New Holland Нью Холланд        
Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки New Holland Нью Холланд

Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки New Holland (Нью Холланд) одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки New Holland Нью Холланд производства компании «Сельхозтехника»

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Наш, Псп.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Claas Cerio Vario Клаас Церио Варио        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Claas (Клаас) шириной от 7,5 до 10,5 метра, включая Cerio, Vario одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Claas Cerio Vario Клаас Церио Варио производства компании «Сельхозтехника»

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Case Кейс        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно-торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Case Кейс от 6м одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Case Кейс производства компании «Сельхозтехника»:

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Палессе Полесье        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно-торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Палессе Полесье от 6м одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Палессе Полесье
производства компании «Сельхозтехника»:

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Claas Sunspeed Клаас Санспид        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Claas Sunspeed Клаас Санспид одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Claas Sunspeed Клаас Санспид производства компании «Сельхозтехника»

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Laverda, Лаверда, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки MacDon МакДон        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки MacDon МакДон одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки MacDon МакДон производства компании «Сельхозтехника»

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

Отгрузка со склада производителя!
Доставка в хозяйства в регионы.
Цена и гарантия производителя.
Система скидок.

Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Laverda, Лаверда, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°Ð½ÑÐ¿Ð¾Ñ€Ñ‚ная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Geringhoff Герингоф        
Вопросы транспортировки техники не менее важны, чем ее использование. Тележка применяется для перевозки жаток и приспособлений шириной захвата от 5 до 9 м. по дорогам общего назначения и по внутрихозяйственным и полевым дорогам. Удобство обеспечивает возможность передвигаться передним и задним ходом в составе транспортного средства, а так же дублировать световые сигналы приборов электрооборудования транспортного средства. Безопасная и удобная тележка сэкономит время и денежные ресурсы при транспортировке жаток.
На стоянке тележка используется как вспомогательное средство для разгрузки/погрузки (навески, снятия) жатки или приспособлений на комбайн или энергосредство.
Производственно-торговая Компания «Сельхозтехника» производит Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Geringhoff Герингоф одноосная и двухосная.

Конструкторским бюро компании выполняется разработка транспортных тележек по индивидуальному заказу для любого оригинального адаптера Вашего комбайна. На производимую продукцию гарантийный срок 12 месяцев с даты ввода в эксплуатацию. Обслуживание силами сервисной службы компании.

Преимущества Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки Geringhoff Герингоф производства компании «Сельхозтехника»:

- тележки разработаны специально для российских условий эксплуатации;
- широкий выбор компоновочных схем по желанию потребителя:
- одноосные;
- двухосные:
- безрессорные;
- подрессоренные;
- в конструкции двухосных тележек предусмотрена ось поперечного качания передней балки для копирования рельефа с целью предотвращения деформации рамы;
- несущая база тележек изготовлена из профильной трубы, что обеспечивает надежность конструкции;
- в конструкции применяются сельскохозяйственные шины 10/75-15,3 с допустимой нагрузкой на колесо 1800 кг;
- высокая маневренность при движении и простота агрегатирования;
- надежная фиксация адаптера на тележке посредством винтовых стяжек и кронштейнов с запорными элементами;
- универсальность (тележки для нескольких типов адаптеров);
- оперативная разработка конструкции под новые типы адаптеров;
- оборудование электроприборами заднего габаритного освещения и сигнализации;
- конкурентоспособная цена по сравнению с импортными аналогами.

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Транспортная тележка (лафет) для перевозки жатки агрегатируется с трактором или комбайном: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere; Джон Дир; Claas Dominator, Mega, Tucano, Lexion; Клаас Доминатор, Мега, Тукано, Лексион, Case, Кейс, Massey Ferguson, Массей Фергюсон, Challenger, Челленджер, Acros, Акрос, Vector, Вектор, Torum, Торум, Нива, Дон и др.; предназначена для транспортирования жаток зерновых шириной захвата до 7,6 м, жаток кукурузных и подсолнечниковых рядковых или сплошного среза: New Holland; Нью Холланд; John Deere, Джон Дир, Claas, Maxflex, Cerio, Vario, Cornspeed, Sunspeed, Клаас, Максфлекс , Церио, Варио, Санспид, Geringhoff, Герингоф, Oros,Орош, Case, Кейс, Maizco, Майска, Zaffrani, Зафрани, Dominioni, Доминиони, Capello, Helianthus, Quasar Капелло, Хелиантиус, Квазар Mainero, Маинеро, OptiSun, Оптисан, OptiCorn, Оптикорн, Moresil, Olimac Drago, Олимак Драго, Fantini, Фантини, Falcon, Фалькон, Sunfloro New, Санфлоро Нью, MacDon, МакДон, Sun Worker, Сан Воркер, Наш, Псп и др.

Регионы осуществления нашей деятельности, Краснодарский край: Абинский район, Апшеронский район, Белоглинский район, Белореченский район, Брюховецкий район, Выселковский район, Гулькевичский район, Динской район, Ейский район, Кавказский район, Калининский район, Каневской район, Кореновский район, Красноармейский район, Крыловской район, Крымский район, Курганинский район, Кущевский район, Лабинский район, Ленинградский район, Мостовский район, Новокубанский район, Новопокровский район, Отрадненский район, Павловский район, Приморско-Ахтарский район, Северский район, Славянский район, Староминский район, Тбилисский район, Темрюкский район, Тимашевский район, Тихорецкий район, Туапсинский район, Успенский район, Усть-Лабинский район, Щербиновский район. Ростовская область, Ставропольский край, Астраханская область, Воронежская область, Московская область, Орловская область, Белгородская область, Волгоградская область, Нижегородская область, Новгородская область, Тульская область, Тверская область, Тамбовская область, Ленинградская область, Республика Адыгея, Республика Карачаево-Черкесия, Республика Ингушетия, Кабардино-Балкарская Республика, Республика Северная Осетия-Алания, Республика Карелия, Республика Калмыкия, Республика Дагестан, Республика Крым и т. д.
Города: Анапа, Армавир, Горячий Ключ, Краснодар, Новороссийск, Кропоткин, Гулькевичи, Тихорецк, Армавир, Новокубанск, Новоалександровск, Лабинск, Курганинск, Усть-Лабинск, Белая Глина, Изобильный, Ставрополь, Ростов-на-Дону, Батайск, Азов, Невинномысск, Черкесск, Карачаевск, Крымск, Приморско-Ахтарск, Ейск, Темрюк, Тимашевск, Славянск на Кубани, Геленджик, Дивноморск, Туапсе, Лоо, Дагомыс, Сочи, Апшеронск, Хадыженск, Майкоп, Кисловодск, Пятигорск, Минеральные воды, Ессентуки, Георгиевск, Владикавказ, Магас, Баксан, Прохладный, Нальчик, Грозный, Махачкала, Буденновск, Изобильный, Зеленокумск, Светлоград, Нефтекумск, Ипатово, Зерноград, Семикаракорск, Шахты, Новошахтинск, Каменск-Шахтинский, Гуково, Новочеркасск, Красный Сулин, Белая Калитва, Сальск, Морозовск, Элиста, Астрахань, Волгоград, Миллерово, Богучар, Лиски, Бобров, Липецк, Воронеж, Калач, Россошь, Павловск, Лиски, Саратов, Самара, Камышин, Энгельс, Балаково, Балашов, Пенза, Саранск, Старый Оскол, Новый Оскол, Елец, Белгород, Ефремов, Ливны, Орел, Мценск, Плавск, Богородицк, Щекино, Тула, Ряжск, Калуга, Рязань, Тамбов, Серпухов, Чехов, Ступино, Коломна, Егорьевск, Павловский Посад, Ногинск, Королев, Солнечногорск, Клин, Александров, Дубна, Ржев, Вязьма, Москва, Тверь, Владимир, Ростов, Нижний Новгород, Чебоксары, Казань, Йошкар-Ола, Ижевск, Уфа, Оренбург, Пермь, Челябинск, Екатеринбург, Курган, Тюмень, Киров, Иваново, Ярославль, Вологда, Петрозаводск, Мурманск, Санкт-Петербург, Псков, Кострома, Серпухов, Ржев, Великий Новгород, Смоленск, Симферополь.


Страна: Россия
Город: Староминская

          Mesure de l'échelle des oscillations acoustiques de baryons dans la fonction de corrélation des forêts Lyman-alpha avec la distribution des quasars observés dans le relevé SDSS        
Hélion du MAS des BOURBOUX - DPhP - BAO - Du 08/09/2017 au 08/09/2017 - Soutenances de thèse - Bat 713, salle de séminaires Galilée CEA Saclay, Orme des Merisiers -
          "Process and Reality" at the Weisman Pepperdine        
Pepperdine's Frederick R. Weisman Museum of Art is showing "Process and Reality: Contemporary Art from the Permanent Collection." The title feints at process art and realism, but the most appealing works are often the least classifiable, such as Polly Apfelbaum's Curious George (above). Mainly the exhibition surveys works that have been donated to Pepperdine's Malibu museum in the 25 years since its founding.

A plurality of the highest-profile pieces are gifts of Peggy and Eric Lieber. There are works by quintessential L.A. artists such as Ed and Nancy Kienholz, Ed Moses, and Mike Kelley. There's a 1960s Llyn Foulkes postcard painting and a 1980s anti-portrait that—somewhat like the Apfelbaum—plays on the uncanny power of a face that isn't a face.
Retinal art fans can feast their eyes on Julian Stanczak's Quasar Light (1974-78) and a Mary Corse black glitter painting from 1976.
In a photograph the Corse can be confused with a Vija Celmins or a Glenn Ligon. (Interesting in itself.) It's way different in person, with glitter-stars twinkling on and off as you move around the room.

There are two takes on Chicago, by Imagist Ed Paschke (above Vino, 1991) and bicoastal realist John Register (Chicago, 1989, below). Register was a Madison Avenue art director who abruptly left a 1972 client meeting saying he had a dental appointment. Like Don Draper, and at about the same time, he headed west. Register ended up in Malibu, producing a subtle brand of Photorealism. Like Estes or Hopper, his cities are weirdly deserted, maybe in the early light of a June morning. Register's Chicago folds in Precisionism.
Among the more unexpected pieces is an abstract painting on paper by playwright, novelist, and screenwriter William Saroyan. Like Victor Hugo, e.e. cummings, and Frank O'Hara, Saroyan produced a body of visual art that is coming to be appreciated. I would bet this is the first time a Saroyan has been hung next to art-market star Jean-Michel Basquiat.


          AMS Anuncia seus Primeiros Resultados         
A colaboração AMS (Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer) projetou e construiu um poderoso espectrômetro para coletar e identificar raios cósmicos vindos das profundezas do espaço. Um protótipo  o AMS-01, foi para o espaço a bordo do Ã´nibus espacial Discovery em junho de 1998. Logo em seguida foi construído o AMS-02, que foi levado para estação espacial em maio de 2011, e já coletou dados de 25 bilhões de raios cósmicos. Hoje, os primeiros resultados foram anunciados no CERN. Um nota para a imprensa também foi divulgado

AMS-02 instalado na estação espacial
O universo é composto predominantemente por matéria mas pequenas quantidades de antimatéria são geradas pelas colisões de raios cósmicos muito energéticos com o meio interestelar, por campos magnéticos extremamente fortes em pulsares (estrelas de nêutrons em rotação), ou pela aniquilação de matéria escura no centro de nossa galáxia. Em particular, a matéria escura produziria  um excesso de pósitrons de alta energia comparado com outros processos de origem astrofísica, caso esses processos sejam bem conhecidos. Daí a busca, em vários experimentos, por excesso de pósitrons como um indicativo da existência da matéria escura.

Em 2008 a colaboração PAMELA encontrou um aumento na fração de pósitrons entre 10 e 100 GeV. Em 2010 o telescópio Fermi confirmou que tal excesso se estende até 200 GeV. O AMS anunciou hoje que o aumento na fração de pósitrons continua até 250 GeV. Tais resultados podem ser explicados pela existência  de partículas de matéria escura, talvez supersimétricas, mas também poderiam ter origem em quasares no plano galáctico. Ainda não é possível distinguir a origem do excesso de pósitrons mas a grande contribuição do AMS-02 é mostrar que o resultado é sólido já que o experimento foi feito com grande precisão.
Na apresentação de hoje no CERN nem todos os dados foram apresentados. Apenas os eventos com energia até 250 GeV aparecem no gráfico. Vamos aguardar o que acontece acima desse valor. Talvez tenhamos alguma surpresa. Abaixo, um vídeo curto e interessante sobre o assunto no YouTube.