Data Science Engineer @ Semantive        
Data Science backend position at Semantive in Warsaw, Poland. 11000 - 17000 PLN / Month.
          Euros Punt Podcast: 30th June        
On this edition of the Euros Punt Podcast, Michael Wood is joined by Dave Kelner, Derek McGovern and Tom Kundert to preview Thursday's quarter-final between Portugal and Poland. Dave and Derek also take a look at the latest betting for the next England manager. Enjoy.
          The Punt: Euros 16th June        
Jack Critchley is joined by Derek McGovern and Stefan Bienkowski to look ahead to England v Wales, Ukraine v Northern Ireland & Germany v Poland. Plus there's trivia, country files and all of the best betting tips
          Euros Punt Podcast: Sunday 12th June        
We have a jam-packed podcast with Emre Sarigul, Stefan Bienkowski, Neil Lennon, Derek McGovern and Lee Phelps all joining Michael Wood to preview the day's games. Turkey take on Croatia, Poland face Northern Ireland and Germany are against Ukraine. Listen now for information on all six nations playing on day three. #ThePunt #betting #football #Euro2016
          The Euros - Group C Preview        
The world champions Germany enter the Euros in Group C alongside Poland, Ukraine and surprise qualifiers Northern Ireland. This time Pete Farries, Jack Critchley and James Buttler talk you through their best bets. Enjoy.
          Newcamd 2017 Very Speed All Channels 11-08-2017        
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          Power Newcamd Server Free All Packs 11-08-2017        
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          Certificate of attendance from Lemberg University Medical School: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
Certificate of attendance from Lemberg University Medical School: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) Lemberg (L'viv) University This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (; Certificate of attendance from Lemberg University Medical School of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska). The document issued in Lemberg, Poland and dated 1944.; Lemberg, Poland
          ID (Kennkarte): Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
ID (Kennkarte): Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) Poland This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (; ID (Kennkarte) #03459 of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska). The document issued in Lemberg, Poland and dated February 10, 1944.; Lemberg, Poland
          Civil Marriage Certificate: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk        
Civil Marriage Certificate: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk Germany This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (; Civil Marriage Certificate of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) and Konstantin Melnyk (required for immigration to US Naturalization and immigration). The document issued in Munich, Germany and dated August 7, 1950.; Munchen; Lemberg, Poland; Brzeg, Poland
          Nowe unijne rozporządzenie o etykietach nakłada dodatkowe obowiązki na e-sklepy        
- Jakkolwiek jeśli chodzi o sklepy tradycyjne za dostosowanie się do Rozporządzenia Parlamentu Europejskiego i Rady UE nr 1169/2011 i dostarczenie do sprzedaży produktów z etykietami zawierającymi pełne wymagane informacje są odpowiedzialni producenci, tak w e-commerce ta odpowiedzialność została przeniesiona na właścicieli sklepów internetowych - o ile etykieta na sprzedawanym produkcie jest zgodna z wymogami - mówi serwisowi, Kamila Wrońska, Country Manager Brandbank Poland Sp. z o. o.
          Westinghouse Welcomes Poland’s Plan to Build First Nuclear Power Plant in 2024        

Westinghouse Electric Company welcomes the decision by the Polish government to adopt its new program for nuclear power, which will pave the way for the construction of the country’s first nuclear power plant. This new program corresponds with the aims of the European Commission’s proposed energy and climate objectives to be met by 2030.

(PRWeb January 29, 2014)

Read the full story at

          The Art of Lovin' Animals --- Featured Group of Artists Inspired by Their Beloved Pets.        
"Enilde And Our Children" Oil on Panel 42" x 60"
Painting by Luke Van Hook, 2003
Painting and Photograph copyright by Luke and Ginger E. Van Hook, 2004
Courtesy of the Van Hook Collection

The Art of Lovin' Animals
Features a group of artists inspired,
motivated or influenced by their beloved pets
and appear in this blog in the following order:

Joshua Elias, Simone Gad, Betty Glass, David Newsom,
Monrovia Association of Fine Arts supporters
(KidsArt Studio, PaintNPlay Art Studios, Tyson & Tillman Skate Dogs)
Family Dog and Cat Hospital in Monrovia, California (displays animal artwork).
Ginger Van Hook, Luke Van Hook,
Alex in Welderland, Elena Wolek, and Zareh.

Additionally as part of the "Art of Lovin' Animals"
there is a special book and movie review of
John Grogan's book "Marley and Me", and the recent hit movie
starring Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson

Written by Enilde G. Van Hook with special thanks to all participating artists!

Do you remember your first pet? I do. I even have a picture of how much bigger my cats’ paws were than my two feet put together at the age of three. My mother, tells me I had a yellow duck, a small dog and a large yellow tabby cat that owned me as a child.
These three pets were protective, possessive and they were my first companions as I ventured out, for the first time, into my wild back yard of dirt and weeds. I was born in Rosario Argentina and to me now as an adult, my backyard is still my world. I live in Los Angeles, California but the romance of the Argentinean Pampas is not lost on me. From the pictures of my past, I gathered that my Belgian Grandfather, Francisco, ran a plant nursery in Buenos Aires and that my father, Luis, grew up to be an inventor in America. But the most unique connection I have to my past is my relationship with animals. I’ve had a pet at almost every age as I grew up. The importance of this type of companionship has not been explored enough in the art world, at least, this is my opinion. This is the reason I am blogging about the subject of the art and inspiration of lovin’ pets. I hope to instigate discussion, if not compassion. I hope to motivate an artistic response to my thoughts as well. You may have a completely different experience, so I personally encourage you to post your comments after you read this entry.
This is what I asked myself for the subject of the essay for Ginger's Art Journal. What is the relationship of animals and pets to the art world? How involved are animals throughout the art strata? How much inspiration is gathered from the love of a pet? Can that even be measured? Does the love of a pet inspire political causes? Activism? How does one explain the pangs of loneliness from the loss of a pet? Does the death of a pet make an artist create more art? Does the gift of a new life of a pet inspire hope and renewal in artists? How do artists express their love and affection for the four-legged critters of our earth? How do animals, pets, pet trees, pet rocks or pets of any kind affect the process of making art?
There are a number of artists that I have followed for a period of time to investigate the questions that will make up this entry. Studying the work of a number of local artists from the Los Angeles and surrounding areas that work with pets in their art practice, I will present some of their unique stories with photos. The artists, in alphabetical order, include Joshua Elias, Simone Gad, Betty Glass, David Newsom, Ginger Van Hook and Luke Van Hook, Alexandra from Alex in Welderland, Lena Wolek and Zareh. Additionally, the art of lovin’ animals has made a seamless transition from the literary art into the film arts so I will discuss one of my favorite books by John Grogan named “Marley and Me” as it compares to its latest movie version of “Marley and Me” starring Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson which opened in December for Christmas Day.
The method selected to choose these artists was random. I began my animal photographic study in 2006. Through my daily practice of studying the arts, I have come across people who were “in my back yard” and came to connect with me in a special way. I didn’t set out to write a story about animals. I merely went about my daily routine of photographing people and artwork that caught my “eye” because I was at the right place at the right time. Believing that the universe has a special plan for me, I allowed this story to evolve of its own volition. What I discovered both surprised me and opened me up. What I mean by this is that I was surprised to discover that artists who had pets had a great deal in common with other artists who had pets. Most people know and understand the history that reveals how the Egyptians revered cats and how the dog is considered “man’s best friend”. While it was common to have general conversations about how great it was to have pets and create pet portraits, I rarely came across artists that spoke to the deeper underlying significance in the arts about this specifically. While doing this research, I came across the most extreme case of worshiping our pets. The act of cloning has been in the news ever since the cloning of “Dolly” the sheep, but did you know that now there is a company that has launched itself into a commercial venture to clone man’s best friend? I discovered this and lots more so enjoy the new year in 2009 with a renewed commitment to your beloved pet. This is an ongoing story so don’t feel left out if your best friend isn’t included in this entry. I’m still reviewing artwork and pet portraits,
feel free to send me an email about your animal story and I’ll include it in the followup stories!


Fine Arts Painter

Joshua Elias, Exhibition, DCA Fine Arts
Santa Monica, California
Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2007
Winston and Lucille read art literature on the couch and
wait for Joshua Elias to become inspired to feed them.
Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008
Paintings by Joshua Elias
Art in the making at the Brewery Artist Colony
Los Angeles, California, 2008
Studio visit by Ginger Van Hook
Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook
Artist brushes belonging to Joshua Elias
The instruments by which Joshua Elias creates the canvas of weather and inspiration.
Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008
DCA Fine Arts Gallery, Joshua Elias with Mathew Heller and his girlfriend
Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook 2007
Joshua Elias, Exhibition at DCA Fine Arts Gallery
Santa Monica, California
Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2007
Joshua Elias with his cats Winston and Lucille
in his studio at the Brewery Arts Complex in Los Angeles, California
Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008

Joshua Elias
Artist Statement

Art has become about large quantities of Resin, masquerading as Content. The focus has been on Process, confusing it with Content. Enough. I wish to focus on Content. Story and Vibration lead the way for me to paint.

I work in oil because of the depth and movement that it allows for me, as a medium. I focus on Landscapes that are rearranged. Traveling spirits act as guides, to the movement of a particular painting. The influence of Moorish architecture and its many doorways offers and allows entryways into paintings.

At present we are in a period of Time where there seems to be long standing fights over Space, Time Religion, Money, Ideology, and Relationships. Enough. The one thing we do all share is Weather. Through the action of Creating our own environment, our own personal Weather, the Repositioning of Weather can illuminate and allow for more Creation to happen, more of a Life Force to shine and to take shape.

ï¿_ Joshua Elias

Courtesy of the DCA website

Fine Arts Painter, Collage Artist, Actor and Performer
Simone Gad, Artist, Solo Show, L2Kontemporary Gallery
February 2008 Chinatown, Los Angeles, California,
Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

Selfportrait with Max and Bella/Autoportrait avec Max et Bella
Private collection, photo courtesy of Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005
Gad/Rin-Tin-Tin Collection Long Beach Museum of Art
Courtesy Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005

Picture Holocaust Clowns - Pinups 127, Gad and Poodle
Courtesy Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005

Selfportrait with Cat and Jesus
Private collection, Courtesy of Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005

Hommage a Ma Mere 2005 Painting Collage
Copyright and Collection- Simone Gad
Courtesy Simone Gad-Artist
Photograph by Antonio Garcia

Autoportrait avec Kashmir, painting collage 2005/06
Courtesy Simone Gad- Artist and L2Kontemporary Gallery
Chinatown, Los Angeles, California. Copyright Simone Gad

Portrait of Bella, the Brindle cat, acting secretary for Artist, Simone Gad
Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

Bella the Brindle Cat, (on the Marilyn and JFK Installation)
Photo copyright and courtesy of
Jesse Bonderman and Simone Gad,

Bella, the Brindle Cat #2 (Marilyn Installation)
Photo courtesy of Jessie Bonderman and Simone Gad

Portrait of Simone Gad, Artist with companion, Bella.
Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

Portrait of Bella
The Brindle cat, Artist assistant, model
and loyal companion to Simone Gad.
Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

Max and Bella pose for pictures in the window of Simone Gad's artist studio
Los Angeles, California
Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

Simone Gad poses with one of her paintings of Chinatown
during her solo show at L2Kontemporary Gallery
Chinatown, Los Angeles, California
Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

Enilde Van Hook writer's notes: I met Simone Gad at an exhibition of her work in Chinatown in the spring of 2008. The L2Kontemporary Gallery is a unique gallery located at 990 N. Hill Street #205 in Downtown Los Angeles (90012), California. I received an email from ArtScene, a wonderful source of local Art Events that is produced by the staff of Coagula Art Journal. Special thanks to Michael Salerno and Mat Gleason, because somewhere in the announcement, I read that Simone Gad was a Belgium-born artist and this led me to want to meet her to talk about the art in Belgium, where my grandfather had been born. Once I attended her exhibit and got a chance to meet Simone, I realized there was a distinct cultural connection we had through our reverence to the animals. She used images of her cats to make intriguing and poignant self-portraits and insightful photographic collages.
I have followed Simone Gad’s work into 2009 and you will enjoy visiting her site through the L2Kontemporary Gallery located in Chinatown in Los Angeles: Follow these links to get to know a renaissance artist, a versatile film and TV actress, a woman of many talents and an artist who has a great deal of compassion to show for her animal friends: visit the online gallery site at to view her solo show at L2k for Feb 08 plus her updated resume which may be viewed at by writing in her name or by writing in Simone Gad’s name.
Special thanks to the L2Kontemporary Gallery for cooperating with my interview! ( and and phone: 323-225-1288)

Simone Gad
Artist Statement and Biography: 2009

I've been showing in museums and galleries for 40 years-am a 6 times grants recipient, including a CRA Grant 1986, the Woman's Building 1985/6, New Orleans Contemporary Museum of Art 1984, the Gottlieb Foundation-NYC/Painting Medical Emergency Grant, Change Inc-Robert Rauschenberg Foundation Grant-both in 2002 for painting and medical emergency, and Artist Fellowship Foundation Grant in 2007-NYC. I am included in the Archives of the National Portrait Gallery/Smithsonian-Washington, DC, and will also be included in the Lyn Kienholz Encyclopedia of Los Angeles Artists who have shown between 1944 and 1979. In Los Angeles, I am represented by L2kontemporary Gallery-Chinatown, Jack Fischer Gallery in San Francisco, and am showing in Spain. I am also in the traveling museum exhibition-Your Documents Please thru 2010 in Japan/Europe/Mexico curated by Daniel Georges of Brooklyn, NY. I was born in Brussels, Belgium to holocaust survivor parents, from Poland. We came to the US in the early 1950's and settled in Boyle Heights/E.L.A, after arriving at Ellis Island. My mother got me into show-biz at the age of 4 upon our immigration. I grew up in the entertainment field as a young actress-have been working professionally in film, tv, commercials and theatre ever since. Have always had a dual career-.visual/performance artist and actor. George Herms and Wallace Berman were my first mentors. Al Hansen was my mentor from 1972 to 1995 when he passed away in Koln, Germany.

My cats Max and Bella Bettina Kashmir are my inspiration for many of my painting collages-have been so for many years. I've always been inspired by my cats and dogs that I've had since I arrived to this country from War torn Europe. My father got me my first dog-Teddy Queeny when I was a child living on Folsom Street-We had just returned from a movie on Brooklyn Avenue when we saw the puppies on our way home. I was allowed to have one-and I was so happy. But my mother hated animals and wouldn't let me keep my pet with me in my bedroom and it cried all night. I was heartbroken when I got home from Nursery School the following day and found that my dog was gone. My mom told me she had sent it to New Jersey to live with my Tante Sally. I wasn't allowed to have any animals after that. Years later I visited my aunt and asked her if she had taken care of my Teddy Queeny and she told me she never did-she never got the dog-didn't know what I was talking about. I realized that my mother had lied to me and had possibly killed my beloved doggie. I had moved to Topanga Canyon for a while in the late 1960's-that's where I got to know Wallace Berman and George Herms. I was given a miniature sheppard-who I named Lady. She was my constant companion and I adored her. She was run over by a couple of friends who were staying with me one night. I found her bleeding from her mouth by the driveway. She died in my arms and I could feel her spirit leave her body. We buried her the next morning. I was devastated for years. A friend of mine gave me a dash-hound and I took it home to be with me when I left Topanga and stayed with my parents for a while. I named her Wiggle Butts because she had this habit of wiggling her behind when she walked. I was not allowed to keep her-once again-so I called a friend and had her drive from The Canyon to pick Wiggles up and take care of her for me. When I left my parents and got an apartment, I got a cat-Nathaniel-my very first cat-who was with me for 15 years until he passed away. It was then that I started to incorporate animal objects into my collages-in the mid 1970's.

copyright Simone Gad 2009 to view Simone Gad’s solo show at L2k for Feb 08 plus her updated resume-you may also get it on by writing in her name or by writing in Simone Gad’s name-



Focus One Gallery in Monrovia, California. Sponsored by M.A.F.A.,
the Monrovia Association of Fine Arts and Focus One Community Credit Union.
Photo by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2006

Betty Glass celebrates Christmas with Lulu at home in 2008.
Lulu, wearing her new holiday sweater,
pokes her nose into the gift bag
to see if she likes what Santa has brought her.
Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty Glass and James Glass.
Turtle Painting, Watercolor Artwork by Betty Glass reminiscent of her pet turtles.
Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.
Trojan Horses, Watercolor painting by Artist, Betty Glass
Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.
Hummy, Watercolor Painting by Artist, Betty Glass.
Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.

Yankee and Sugar, Watercolor Painting by Artist, Betty Glass
memorializing the life of her beloved friends.
Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.

Yankee (5-17-80 --- 4-20-94)
the larger white and orange Brittany on the right,
and Sugar (7-20-90 --- 12-24-04)
the smaller Brittany on the left.
"Beloved Friends and Forever in our hearts!"
Loyal Friends, Inspiration and Companions
to Artist, Betty Glass and her family.
(Special thanks to husband, James Glass
for his technical computer assistance
with digital photography formating of Betty Glass Artwork.)
Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass

Enilde Van Hook, Writer's Notes:
I met Betty Glass through the Monrovia Association of Fine arts in 2006. We were showing together at the Focus One Gallery on Huntington Drive in Monrovia, California. When Betty came into the gallery, she was toting her adorable poodle named Lulu. I was charmed immediately and I just had to have a photo of this beautiful female pooch with a twinkle in her eye and the gumption to come into an art gallery where only humans gathered. This little poodle had no clue there was any difference between her and her owner, and she acted like she was looking at the art just like everyone else. At the time, I considered this a very cultured poodle and I told Betty so. Betty giggled and let me take her snapshot with Lulu and then we did not see each other again until we had another show together, also at Focus One Gallery two years later in December of 2008. When I saw Betty this time, I saw the connection of her artwork and the love of her animals come through her work and later, she agreed to participate in the interview for my blog. You may enjoy Betty Glass's artwork by visiting her website at

Betty H. Glass
Artist Statement about Animal Art

Through art we communicate our feelings and thoughts.
Our art reflects what experiences in life have influenced us.
I have had a lifetime of pets
ranging from goldfish, parakeets, and turtles and, of course,
the loyal dog—always your friend even when the sky seems to be falling.
I am still sketching and painting animals, birds, and fish.
The softness of their fur, the texture of their feathers and fins,
the variations of color are very appealing to me,
because color is part of my artistic signature.
Sometimes they are presented in a realistic fashion.

Other times I use animals in a more stylized way—
using their shapes as patterns, semi-abstracting them and their background.
For example, my painting Trojan Horses shows flattened stylized figures of horses.
Hopefully artistically pleasing and calling to mind ancient Greece.

Mariusz Gil Tackles World Cup Cyclocross, Belgian Life and Peanut’s Cookies appeared first on Cyclocross Magazine - Cyclocross News, Races, Bikes, Photos, Videos.

          puncak dunia Gunung Everest        
Gunung Everest merupakan satu gunung tertinggi di Dunia yang terletak di banjaran Himalaya dengan ketinggian 8,850 meter dari aras laut. Di kemuncak gunung adalah membahagikan kepada dua negara iaitu antara Nepal dan Tibet, China

Gunung yang menjanjikan satu cabaran yang boleh dianggap diluar kemampuan manusia untuk mendaki sampai kepuncak, dengan suhu sejuk yang terlampau dan juga angin kencang yang bakal dihadapi oleh pendaki pada ketinggian lebih 6,000 meter ianya telah ramai mengecewakan para pendaki untuk sampai ke puncak.

Gunung ini mempunyai dua laluan ke puncak diantaranya adalah disebelah tenggara (Nepal) dan sebelah Barat laut (tibet), tetapi laluan yang sering digunakan adalah disebelah tenggara kerana laluan ini agak mudah secara teknikalnya. Ia juga merupakan laluan yang digunakan oleh Hillary dan Norgay pada tahun 1953.

Antara bahaya yang menanti para pendaki adalah serangan penyakit altitud,perubahan cuaca yang secara mendadak dan runtuhan ais. Biasanya untuk menangani bahaya yang bakal menanti. Para pendaki perlulah berada di kem pengkalan selama beberapa minggu bagi menyesuiakan diri dengan altitud, kemudiannya untuk pendakian kepuncak perjalanan akan bermula pada waktu subuh kerana waktu ini amat sesuai untuk mendaki ke kem seterusnya iaitu kem I pada ketinggian 6065 meter.

sepanjang laluan ke kem I, pendaki terdedah kepada bahaya ais runtuh serta salji runtuh kerana terdedah dengan cahaya matahari dan disini ramai dikalangan shelpa dan pendaki terbunuh dan merupakan kawasan paling bahaya yang dihadapi oleh pendaki sebelum sampai ke kem I.

Dari kem I, pendaki akan bergerak ke kem II dengan ketinggian 6,500 meter menerusi Western Cym yang agak datar serta lembah glasier bercerun landai dan setiap pendaki terpaksa menyeberangi lembah tersebut yang berhampiran dengan pengkalan Nuptse yang melalui laluan kecil yang dikenali sebagai "sudut Nuptse". Western cym juga dipanggil sebagai "lembah sunyi-Vallay of silance", kerana laluan ini terhalang daripada tiupan angin dan berada dikedudukan terdedah pada cahaya matahari menjadikan ianya amat panas kepada para pendaki.

Dari kem II, pendaki memanjat permukaan Lhotse menggunakan tali kekal pada ketinggian 7,470 meter dan untuk sampai ke Kem IV yang jaraknya 500 meter, dan dari kem III ke kem IV pendaki akan berhadapan dengan cabaran tambahan iaitu Taji Geneva dan Gelang Kuning (Yellow Band). Taji Geneva merupakan rabung batu hitam yang berbentuk Anvil yang dinamakan oleh pendaki Swiss 1952 dan pada masa pendakian tali kekal diperlukan untuk mendaki dikawasan batu yang diliputi dengan salji dan untuk melintasi gelang kuning iaitu batuan mendak tali sepanjang 100 meter digunakan untuk melintasinya.

Dengan jarak kepuncak yang masih berbaki 1,000 meter dari kem IV ia memelukan tempoh 10 hingga 12 jam dan pendakian bermula pada waktu tengah malam dan pendaki akan singgah di "The Balcony" pada ketinggian 8,400 meter dimana sebuah pelantar kecil yang digunakan untuk berehat seketika. Pendakian kepuncak seterusnya diteruskan melalui mendaki rabung dan pendaki akan berhadapan dengan tangga batu yang mengancam yang biasanya memaksa mereka ke timur kedalam salji yang sampai ke tahap pinggang serta ancaman runtuhan salji juga boleh berlaku dikawasan ini.

Pada ketinggian 8,750 meter dom salji dan air batu sebesar meja kecil telah menandakan pendaki berada dipuncak selatan dan pendakian diteruskan dengan mengikuti rabung timur, laluan ini dikenali sebagai mata pisau atau "Cornice Traverse". Disini adalah kawasan paling terdedah dalam pendakian kerana silap langkah boleh mengakibatkan seseorang pendaki akan jatuh terjunam diketinggian 2,400 meter di sebelah barat daya manakala disebelahnya 3,050 meter di permukaan kangshung.

Diakhir laluan pendakian, terdapat sebuah dinding batu setinggi 12 meter yang dikenali "Hillary Step pada ketinggian 8,760 meter dan untuk memanjat dinding ini peralatan yang diperlukan adalah tali kekal dan tali ini telahpun dipasang oleh shelpa, dan melepasi dinding ini adalah mudah untuk pendaki sampai kepuncak melalui tebing salji sederhana curam seterusnya sampai ke puncak. Dipuncak pendaki biasanya mengambil masa kurang dari 30 minit kerana pendaki perlu turut ke kem IV sebelum cuaca menjadi gelap yang mana menjadi masalah besar kepada setiap pendaki.

Kejadian manis dan pahit di puncak dunia

  • 1921 Ekspedisi British pertama meninjau laluan melalui glasier Rongbuk.
  • 1922 Tujuh pendaki Sherpa terbunuh dalam runtuhan salji dan menjadi kematian pertama dilaporkan di Everest.
  • 1922 Ekspedisi kedua British sampai ke 8321 meter.
  • 1924 Ekspedisi ketiga British sampai ke 8500 meter. Pada 6 Jun, George Mallory dan Andrew Irvine cuba mendaki untuk sampai ke puncak tetapi hilang selepas awan tebal menyelitupi mereka. Saksi mendakwa melihat mereka berhampiran puncak.
  • 1933 Lady Houston membiayai formasi kapal terbang untuk melintasi puncak dan meletakkan bendera Union Jack British.
  • 1934 Maurice Wilson (British) mati dalam cubaan mendaki berseorangan.
  • 1950 Nepal membuka sempadannya kepada orang asing.
  • 1952 Ekspedisi dari Swizland, termasuk Sherpa Tenzing Norgay menyerah akibat keletihan, 200 meter dari puncak.
  • 1953 Puncak dicapai buat pertama kali pada 11:30 am 29 May oleh Sir Edmund Hillary New Zealand dan Sherpa Tenzing Norgay dari Nepal mendaki dari arah Laluan Col Selatan (South Col Route).
  • 1960 Pada 25 May, pasukan China menjadi pasukan pertama sampai ke puncak melalui laluan Rabung Utara.
  • 1963 Penyeberangan pertama oleh ekspedisi Amerika Syarikat, bermula dari barat dan turun di barat daya.
  • 1965 Pada 20 May, Nawang Gombu Sherpa menjadi orang pertama sampai ke puncak dua kali.
  • 1975 Pada 16 May, Junko Tabei dari Jepun menjadi wanita pertama sampai dipuncak.
  • 1975 Pada 27 May, wanita Tibet, Phantog, menjadi wanita pertama sampai ke puncak melalui sebelah Tibet.
  • 1978 Reinhold Messner (Selatan Tyrol, Itali) dan Peter Habeler (Austria) sampai ke puncak tanpa tangki oksigen.
  • 1980 Ekspedisi pasukan kali pertama pada musim sejuk oleh pasukan dari Poland.
  • 1980 Reinhold Messner dari South Tyrol, Italy, lelaki pertama mendaki Everest seorang diri tanpa tangki oksigen.
  • 1982 Pada October 5, Laurie Skreslet menjadi rakyat Kanada pertama untuk sampai ke puncak.
  • 1988 Jean-Marc Boivin dari Perancis memulakan dengan paraglider dari puncak gunung.
  • 1993 90 pendaki pada musim luruh sahaja dan menjadi permulaan komersial mendaki pucak Everest.
  • 1993 Ramon Blanco dari Sepanyol menjadi orang tertua untuk sampai ke puncak pada usia 60 tahun, 160 hari. (dikalahkan oleh rekod tahun 2001).
  • 1996 Hans Kammerlander dari South Tyrol, Itali mendaki gunung dan mendaki turun tersebut dari sebelah utara dengan ski dalam tempoh 16 jam 45 minit.
  • 1996 Göran Kropp dari Sweden mejadi orang pertama untuk menaiki basikal pergi dan balik dari rumahnya ke gunung tersebut,pereseorangan tanpa bantuan tangki oksigen.
  • 1997 M.Magendran dan N.Mohandas dari Malaysia menjadi cikgu pertama yang mendaki Gunung Everest
  • 1998 Edward Grylls dari United Kingdom menjadi pendaki termuda untuk sampai ke puncak pada usia 23 tahun.
  • 1998 Tom Whittaker merupakan orang cacat pertama untuk sampai ke puncak.
  • 1999 Sherpa Babu Chiri Sherpa dari Nepal tinggal selama 21 jam di puncak gunung.
  • 2001 Pada Mei 24, Temba Tsheri menjadi pendaki termuda untk mendaki puncak gunung pada usia 15 tahun.
  • 2001 Pada Mei 25, Erik Weihenmayer berusia 32 tahun , dari Boulder, Colorado, menjadi orang buat pertama untuk sampai ke puncak.
  • 2001 Pada hari yang sama,Sherman Bull berusia 64 tahun, dari New Canaan, Connecticut, mejadi pendaki tertua untuk mendaki puncak tersebut.
  • 2003 Pemba Dorjie Sherpa dari Nepal dan berusia 24 tahun menjadi pendaki gunung terpantas dalam masa 12 jam dan 45 minit pada 23 mei.
  • 2003 Tiga hari kemudian,Sherpa Lakpa Gelu memecahkan rekod tersebut dalam tempoh 10 jam dan 56 minit. Setelah sedikit peselisihan dengan Dorjie pihak kementerian pelancongan telah mengiktiraf rekod tersebut pada bulan julai tahun yang sama. [2]
  • 2003 Yuichiro Miura menjadi orang tertua untuk sampai ke puncak pada usia 70 tahun dan 222 hari.
  • 2004 Pemba Dorjie Sherpa memecahkan rekodnya sendiri iaitu dalam masa 8 jam dan 10 minit pada 21 Mei. [3]
          Poland Ukraine Euro 2012        

          Heroine of the Day        
It has been 62 years since deaf and mute Irena Walulewicz risked her life to save a Jewish neighbor from the Nazis, but her heroism was never forgotten.

"I've thought about her so much," Golda Bushkanietz said tearfully as she hugged her savior for the first time since 1945 at Kennedy Airport Friday.

"I'm 94. I never thought I would see her again. I cannot fully express how grateful I am."

Desperate and terrified, Bushkanietz staggered into the Walulewicz household in Swieciany, Poland, after escaping a ghetto whose population the Nazis were preparing to kill.

"I knocked on a window and they let me in," said Bushkanietz.

"I thought there was an angel in the house."

For six months, the Catholic Walulewicz and her mother, Zofia, hid and fed Bushkanietz in their attic.

"I still remember lying under Irena's bed, trying to keep quiet because the family had friends in their house," said Bushkanietz.

"They opened their home and their hearts to me, risking their own lives in order to save me. Their altruism and bravery is what has allowed me to live and build a wonderful family of my own."

"I knew it was dangerous. I knew I could be killed at any time," Walulewicz, 82, said through a translator yesterday.

"I'm so happy to see her again. I didn't know she was still alive."

The reunion was planned by The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous.

After the war, Bushkanietz reunited with her husband, who had fled the ghetto with her and had been fighting with partisans.

The couple moved to Israel. They have two children, seven grandchildren and four great-grandchildren.

"It's difficult for me to travel to the U.S. at my age, but to see Irena was a special treat," she said.

Walulewicz, who still lives in Poland, kissed Bushkanietz's son and grandson, who were with her yesterday.

"None of us, the whole of our family, could be here without Irena's heroic acts," said Jonathan More, 26, Bushkanietz's grandson.

"It's hard to put into words."

          Oct 2011 Daring Bakers Challenge - Povitica        
A tale of two povitica loaves

This month's challenge was to make povitica (a type of nut roll.

Blog-checking lines: The Daring Baker’s October 2011 challenge was Povitica, hosted by Jenni of The Gingered Whisk. Povitica is a traditional Eastern European Dessert Bread that is as lovely to look at as it is to eat!

This is my first time ever making this sort of recipe so I had absolutely no idea what to expect from the recipe. Well after doing some interesting internet research and ringing a pastry chef mate of mine whose mum is from Croatia and another friend's mum who is from Poland. I have some (little) understanding of the process and what to expect.

When comparing my notes with the information from my friends and their mums I found that povitica (or nut rolls) seems to be made by two slightly different methods that lead to two very dissimilar results; it seems that the “Northern European“ version (my name) is dense and moist like a firm bread-and-butter pudding, while the “Southern European” version is a well risen roll slightly less dense than the Northern version.

One major difference between the two versions is an hour of rising time before the final baking. Our challenge recipe only has ¼ hour of rising time before the final baking like a lot of Northern recipes while a typical Southern recipe has an hour of rising time before the final bake.

During my internet research I found that there are other differences; the Northern version uses a soft dough that is rolled out fairly thickly while the filling has a firmish consistency, while the Southern version uses a firmer dough that is rolled out very thinly while its filling has a consistency of thick honey. Since I was making two loaves (½ batch) anyway I thought I would do one loaf using the challenge instructions (which are very Northern) and do the other loaf using the Southern method. For both versions you make the dough layer as thin as possible.

A (Northern) povitica is meant to be dense and moist, it is important not to let the shaped roll rise too much before baking (in our challenge recipe you only let it rest for 15 minutes) in the other version you let the unbaked roll rise until doubled in volume then bake it.

I found that if you refrigerate the loaf until cold, it will slice thinly and cleanly, remember to serve it at room temperature. Also let the povitica rest for a few hours (a day is better) before cutting it this will help it set better so it can be sliced cleanly.

The biggest tip - If you find the dough is too springy let it rest.

Uhmmm, I don't know why but every stage of this recipe was an uphill battle.I used “00” soft flour (finely milled white flour 8% protein) for the recipe since I had it to hand and I thought it would make the stretching of the dough easier since “lower gluten” means “easier handling”.

For the nut filling I used about 300 grams (10½ ounces) walnuts and 250 grams (9 ounces) of mixed nuts, also I added 4 tablespoons of cocoa powder I wanted a chocolate hit from the Povitica. I used ¾ cup of white sugar and ¼ cup of dark brown sugar in the filling. And I used an unsalted “European” styled butter 87% fat since it had to used.

Dough – Firstly the size of the dough is amazing when you stretch it out, you will need to do it on a large table with a floured tablecloth. I found that the dough was very very hard to stretch it wanted to go back to its original shape that is every time I rolled it or stretched it out it would spring right back. From experience I know what to do in this situation I let the partially stretched out dough rest for about 15 minutes covered in plastic so the gluten strands in the dough would relax so making stretching a lot easier so after resting the dough I then proceeded to make a very thin layer of it … that is … after a lot of time doing guarded stretching and gentle man-handling … finally … I could see magazine print through the dough but this process took about 45 minutes. I think the problem was that I added too much flour while forming the dough, next time I will just have the dough a little tacky which will make it easier to stretch out. Also I will add ½ teaspoon lemon juice (for a ¼ batch) next time since the acidity helps to tenderise the dough so making it easier to stretch out. The second dough was a lot easier to roll out since by this time it had a lot more resting than the first dough it only took 15 minutes to roll out to phyllo (filo) sheet thinness. Looking back I should of added about 3 tablespoons of milk to get the correct consistency.

Filling - Firstly the filling seems like a huge amount but you need it all for the ½ batch its volume is almost 1 litres almost 4 cups. I found that the filling was much too stiff to spread out (I was using very dry nuts that could of been the problem?) on the thin dough layer without tearing it I had to add 4 tablespoons of warm milk and micro-wave to get it to the right consistency (like very thick honey). It is best to place tablespoon dollops of the filling evenly over the dough then spread these dollops evenly across the thin dough. After 20 minutes! of careful and methodical spreading the nut filling it was done. Of course the second version was a breeze to spread again I think resting time really helps the nut filling with spreading it over the thin dough sheet.I trimmed the edges and placed it into the baking pan such that the roll was coiled on itself I egg washed just after forming the unbaked loaf and once again just before baking.

I had given away for the long weekend my baking pans to a friend so I used my high loaf tin.I let one loaf rest for 15 mins then I baked it and the other loaf I let rise until doubled in volume then I bake it both were baked the same way (same temperatures and times). I'm sure that there is nothing wrong with the recipe I think I didn't let the dough rest enough for the first version and I added too much flour at the start.I have to say after all the troubles they both looked good, the loaf using the challenge instructions expanded about x2, the other version expanded about x2½ both had great colour and the crust dough layer for both was very thin so thin you could see the nut filling through it. And the colour was great so brown and shiny. Since the final baked loaf rises so much take this into account when you are shaping the loaf into the baking pan. I had a little trouble getting it out of the pan, so I recommend using parchment paper or butter and flour your baking pan well.

The dough starting to be mixed notice the foamy yeast mixture

How to tell if your dough is kneaded enough if you poke an indentation into the dough it should spring back I realise now that I should of added more liquid it should be tacky Photobucket

The huge amount of nut filling I used my food processor to make it this is the first time I used the machine since I bought it two years LOL LOL ago in this instance I thought it was worth the effort to clean the machine after the task

Stretching the dough to size … a pain to do in every sense of the word

The baked Northern povitica

The southern povitica

If you want to do the recipe over two days I would do the nut filling and the challenge recipe up to step 7. that is make the dough and let it rise overnight in the refrigerator. Then the next day return the dough to room temperature (a couple of hours) and make the povitica as per the recipe. This sort of recipe freezes very well, freeze the baked loaf and thaw in the fridge overnight loosely covered in paper towels then cover in plastic wrap this stop the povitica from becoming soggy from condensation.

The verdict – the challenge (Northern) povitica is a really delicious nut roll with a very dramatic interior appearance, the texture of it is very similar to bread-and-butter pudding, very moist and 'firm-ish” to the tooth. While the “Southern” had great height it was a lot lighter in texture than the challenge recipe version still good. But I liked the challenge version much more the interior looked better and tasted better also. Overall I was very pleased though it was a frustrating process for the first version, though the second version was a breeze.

Comparison of the two loaves – on the left is the challenge version (which I call Northern) and on the right is the Southern version. As you can see very different looking results.

Tips and hints (some of these are from the other bakers' experiences with this recipe I will add extra tips and hints during the month when others have posted their results)
1. It is very important to get the correct consistency for the dough and the nut filling if you do the process is a breeze. Remember when it comes to making bread -- recipes are guidelines, since flour absorbs moisture from the air so it is not unusual to add extra liquid or flour to get the correct consistency for the dough (in our case it should be slightly sticky) and depending on how old the nuts are and how the nuts are ground (this is highly variable for each baker) determines how the nuts absorb the liquid so again look at the consistency and adjust the liquid for the nut filling you want it to be like thick honey. I think this is the real lesson of this challenge, don't be afraid to adjust the liquid amounts to suit what you find in front of you in the mixing bowl!
2. Use plain (all purpose) flour. Use the flour sparingly when you mix the initial dough, it should be sticky don't be afraid to add liquid to get the correct consistency if you used too much flour. When you start mixing the dough it looks like that there isn't enough flour avoid adding any extra at this stage. It is best to mix the dough up (reserving some of the flour) and really give it a good working over it will be sticky (slap it down on the counter a few times and use a scraper to scoop it off the counter and knead it hard) it will be become less sticky while you knead it, that way you will use the least amount of flour.
3. Let the dough rise then punch it down and let it rest until it's pliable, if it is too springy let it rest longer.
4. Always check if your nuts are fresh and are not bitter tasting, ground nuts in a packet easily can be a year old. Fresh nuts give the best result leading to a lovely moist filling. Grind or process the nuts very finely if the nut pieces are too large they will break and tear the dough layer when you roll it up.
5. The consistency of the nut filling is like thick honey don't be afraid to add some liquid to get the correct consistency, micro-waving really helps make it spreadable.
6. The amount of time you let the roll rise just before baking leads to different results for the final baked povitica.
7. Roll up the povitica fairly tightly (using the floured sheet as your guide) so the final baked loaf will not fall apart and the layers will have a good pattern with no voids between the layers.
8. To check if the loaf is ready lightly knock the top of the roll it should sound hollow, or insert a skewer (or small thin knife) into the loaf for a slow count of three it should come out dryish and feel warmish if the skewer is wet or feels cool bake for a longer time don't over-bake since the filling will dry out making the final loaf dry so making the layers fall apart when the roll is cut into slices.
9. Leave the roll in the tin until it has cooled this helps firm it up so the roll will not collapse when you take it out of the pan recall the loaf weighs over 1 kg (2 lbs).
10. Let the roll rest for a few hours (better for a day) until completely cooled and set before cutting, if you refrigerate the loaf it will cut thinly and cleanly without crumbs, remember to serve the slices at room temperature. Makes great toast or even better French toast yum yum.
11. The loaf gets better and better the longer it matures in the refrigerator.

A few more tips and hints from Wolf who has made povitica every Christmas for many years, I put these here so they can be found easily by the forum members
A. Don't spread the filling right to the edges of the dough. You want to stay within at least 1/2 inch of the sides. This way, you can seal the filling inside and won't have leakage.
B. I use a stoneware bread pan to bake mine in. The one in the photo had the ends tucked underneath to the center, so it presented a smooth top. It was also rolled to the center from BOTH ends. That's how I got 4 distinct swirls. (See her exquisite povitica here)
C. Definitely cool the loaf in whatever you bake it in, until you can handle it with your bare hands, before turning it out onto a cooling rack to finish cooling. It slices cleaner when completely cooled or refrigerated.
D. Roll the dough tighter than you think you need to. Yes, some filling will squeeze out the ends, but you'll get a neater swirl in the center, less voids and gaps and it'll stay together better, as well as make it a nicer sliced bread for toasting or even french toast- which is awesome with this type of bread.
E. It will freeze well, especially if well wrapped- I've done one upwards of a month before. It does ship very well- I ship one loaf to my parents every Christmas and one to my In Laws, my recipe makes 3 full sized loaves and will last upwards of a week on the counter at room temp. - if it lasts that long in your house }:P

Wolf graciously included instructions to obtain her exquisite swirl patterned povitica for the method.

I have drawn some diagrams of the method

The stretched out dough layer covered with filling

Then roll each long edge to the center thus forming two swirls

Then take each end and fold them towards the middle of the roll (the brown line is where the ends finish up when folded) thus forming a double height roll

Then turn the loaf over and place into the pan so the seam ends are at the bottom of the pan which means the top is smooth and has no cut seams or edges

Txfarmer a very experienced and superb baker posted some great tips also
1) At first glance, since we need to stretch the dough to very thin, it seems to make sense not to knead the dough too much. Kneading == strong gluten == too elastic == hard to roll out/stretch. However, what we really need is a dough that can be stretched out WITHOUT BREAKING, that actually requires the dough to have strong gluten. I make breads a lot, from my past experience, I think the solution here is to have a wet (as wet as one can handle) dough that's kneaded fairly thoroughly. Wet doughs are more extensible, despite being kneaded very well. I kept the dough so wet that it was sticking to the mixer bowl at the end of kneading, however, a large transparent strong "windowpane" can be stretched out, which is the indication of strong gluten.
2) With the right dough, stretching out was easy, < 10mins of work. The dough was tough enough not to break, yet wet enough to be stretched out. I made quarter-size (i.e. one loaf), but the dough was stretched out to cover almost all of my coffee table. The tip of using a sheet underneath was very good. I used a plastic table cloth (lightly floured). In fact the dough was stretched so large that the filling was barely enough to cover it. 3) I proofed the dough longer than the formula suggests to get more volume, and the loaf less dense. I understand the authentic version is quite dense, but my family tends to like lighter fluffier loaves when it comes to sweet breads. 4) Since the dough was kneaded well, the final loaf had very good volume. Rose well above the rim in my 8.5X4.5inch pan. Poviticas for morning tea
I needed to make a treat for nibbles at a morning tea. So I decided to make two poviticas – one povitica filled with tea infused figs and almonds and the other filled with coffee infused dates, cocoa and hazelnuts. I wanted a strong contrast in the flavours between the two loaves. The tea/fig/almond filling was a lovely 'camel' colour its flavour was like caramelised fig on the palate each element was present I really liked how the tea melded with the fig and the almond this povitica was additively GOOD with tea. The other loaf had a very strong coffee/date base flavour while the cocoa and hazelnut added a lovely lingering after taste the winner for me. I was very very pleased with the filling flavours and how they tasted with tea or coffee. (Apart from the coffee infused date povitica looking like a baked chicken LOL LOL.) Those loaves were moist, very dense and incredible rich, perfect (when thinly sliced) with a cuppa. Feeds a lot of people! There were like very moist, ultra dense fruit cakes I thought hence the reason for very thin slices to be served with your choice of tea or coffee. Not recommended for children too much caffeine!

For this attempt I was careful about adding the flour and made sure that the finished dough was a little sticky, this time I found it a lot easier to stretch though the consistency wasn't exactly right I felt and I need to better understand how do to the spreading out of the filling and I haven't still mastered how the amount of filling as compared to the amount of stretched out dough needs to be in ratio, and also how to form a good pattern of swirls needs some thought so a lot of little things to practice for me over the next few weeks.

I will give this recipe another go since I want to perfect the process (making pretty interior patterns and getting the texture right) since these loaves would be a great Christmas present.

Tea infused figs with almonds

Coffee infused dates with hazelnuts (the finished loaf looks a little like a roasted chicken LOL)

Tea infused figs with almonds
375 grams (13 ounces) finely chopped dried figs
¾ cup of very very strong tea (I used 4 teabags of Earl Grey tea)
¾ cup of vanilla sugar
1 cup (120 grams) (4¼ ounces) ground almonds
2 large egg
½ cup clotting cream (66% butter fat)
Method – combine all the ingredients (except eggs and cream) in a small saucepan bring to boil and simmer gently for 10 minutes. Beat eggs and pour slowly into mixture, stirring constantly and simmer gently 5 minutes more. This mixture scorches easily, so heat must not be too high. Cool mixture add clotting cream. Place filling into a container and let rest overnight before using.

Coffee infused dates with hazelnuts
375 grams (13 ounces) of finely chopped dried dates
¼ cup (55 gm) (2 oz) unsalted butter, fried until nut brown
¾ cup of very very strong coffee (I used 1½ tablespoons of instant coffee)
½ cup of dark brown sugar
¼ cup of cocoa powder
1 cup (120 grams) (4¼ ounces) ground hazelnuts
2 large egg
¼ cup clotting cream (66% butter fat)
Method – combine all the ingredients (expect eggs and cream) in a small saucepan bring to boil and simmer gently for 10 minutes. Beat eggs and pour slowly into mixture, stirring constantly and simmer gently 5 minutes more. This mixture scorches easily, so heat must not be too high. Cool mixture add clotting cream. Place filling into a container and let rest overnight before using.
          Cheers & Jeers: The Weekender Edition        
In this thrilling new column, Rickey shall award “cheers” to those exemplary parties deserving laudable mention, and “jeers” to those despicable individuals who have garnered his unfettered scorn. It’s a helluva lot like the weekly Daily Kos 'Cheers & Jeers' column, but minus the shallow and pedantic political diatribes. Enjoy our inaugural edition.

Update: oh hey, look! Rickey's sneering caused the loquacious libs at Daily Kos to actually feature this post! Awww, shucks Billy, Rickey thanks you from THE MODERATELY DECENT STATE OF NEW YORK!

We now return you to your regularly scheduled post:

Cheers to… John Favreau for filming "Iron Man 2," the most enjoyable superhero flick Rickey has seen to date. And don’t worry, as much as he wants to, Rickey promises he won't reach for a tenuous political allegory in this installment in the Iron Man franchise like he did last time. Free of all the burdens of the formulaic origin story that the first Iron Man movie was mired down in, this flick is a rollicking good time. As you may have heard, the plot isn’t all that great, but the brilliant dialogue and acting make up for it and the action scenes are mercifully sparse yet actually discernible. The film kicks off with our cocky prick of a superhero Tony Stark plummeting out of a whizzing plane in full red and gold metallic regalia, doing a bit of snazzy midair maneuvering, and landing prominently in the rejuvenated 1965 Queens World’s Fair grounds with a thunderous metal CLANG to a massive applauding crowd. Amazingly enough, the movie goes exponentially uphill from there. (Although Rickey would’ve loved to see Iron Man overshoot his landing zone and accidentally land in Citi Field to lukewarm applause and grumbles of “well, he can’t possibly be any worse than Oliver Perez” from sullen Mets fans). The people at the helm of this flick really nailed the tone of the Iron Man property. One day they're going to run out of raucous AC\DC songs to loop over the film's soundtrack. Happily, that day is far, far away. Rickey strongly urges you to go forth and enjoy Iron Man 2 this weekend in a heavily packed theater. Take the missus. It'll be serious fun.

Jeers to… 2K Sports for finding new and unique ways to rub it in to Mets fans. 2K Sports, publisher of a popular baseball video game franchise, offered a $1,000,000 prize to the gamer who could throw a perfect game in their new title MLB 2K10. And sure enough, somebody pulled it off and claimed the prize. The pitcher they used to win was Kenshin Kawakami. The team he pitched against? Ladies and gentlemen… your 2010 New York Mets!!!

Cheers to... Homeless people. Given the stock market's performance this week, Rickey is starting to suspect that you fellows are really ahead of the curve here. Rickey himself looks forward to his days as a homeless person and really making a good run of it. Why not have some fun with the experience? If Rickey was homeless, he'd breathe some life into this honored pastime by going into jewelery stores, picking out the most expensive necklaces, then reaching for his wallet only to loudly exclaim: "oh wait, I forgot, I'm fucking homless! Goddammit!" Rickey would also panhandle to pay for admission to museums so he could hop over the velvet rope and eat a famous painting such as a Monet. Rickey would totally scarf down that Water Lillies painting. He'd be the most expensive homeless person in the world!

Jeers to... Lawrence Taylor. Seriously, what the hell, dude? But hey, on the bright side, at least Rickey doesn't need to search as hard to get your signature on a football. He can just look up your name and address on a sex offender registry!

Cheers to… The good folks at BP Energy for making Rickey rich beyond measure. Now we all know that what’s happening in the Gulf Coast right now is a complete catastrophe, but that doesn’t mean somebody shouldn’t profit from it, right? That somebody is Rickey. You see, Rickey estimates that by the end of next week, the price of gulf coast shrimp will rival that of Bolivian nose candy. Rickey’s brilliant plan is to purchase up 10 metric tons of frozen shrimp from Costco tonight at discount prices and store it in a massive freezer in his basement and wait patiently. When the time is right and the public hungers for affordable shrimp, Rickey will spring into action and sell discount shrimp out of the back of his Saab 9-3 off the New Jersey Turnpike. Rickey’s gonna be rich, he tells you, rich!

Jeers to... The entire state of Massachusetts for continuing their proud tradition of wondrous incompetency. Rickey and Mrs. Henderson were in the greater Boston area last weekend when news flashes emerged that a major water main had ruptured nearby, leaving 2 million residents with no potable drinking water. (Why is it that wherever the Hendersons go, catastrophe follows them?) You know your weekend getaway has gone terribly awry when you witness Massholes in camouflage shorts and Red Sox hats lining up outside the local Kmart at 7AM to purchase cases of Poland Spring bottled water like the zombie apocalypse is upon them. The reason the Hendersons were up in the Boston was for a baptism for a friend’s newborn child. Were Rickey and Mrs. Henderson cracking jokes during the ceremony about the quality of the water the priest was dunking the kid in? Oh, you betcha.

Cheers to… Mothers everywhere. You gals are doing a heckuva job. Just stellar work all around. On this Mother’s Day weekend, Rickey just wanted you to know that.
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          Ð£Ð²ÐµÐ»Ð¸Ñ‡Ð¸Ð»Ð°ÑÑŒ плата за проезд на участке автомагистрали A2 Konin - Nowy Tomyśl в Польше        

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Повысились тарифы на участке Konin - Nowy Tomyśl автомагистрали A2 для легковых транспортных средств и мотоциклов. Проезд по этому участку обойдётся теперь на PLN 3 дороже, что на 6% больше старой цены.

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          [news] Grudge Match: China vs. Europe + "It's Malaysia Time ..."        
Tuesday, September 7, 2004
Dateline: China
This week marks the debut of my bi-weekly (or so) column for the AlwaysOn Network, Silicon Valley's premier online social networking venue (and unofficially linked to Silicon Valley's premier in person social networking venue, the Churchill Club; I'm a member of both).  I will be sharing "Letter from China" columnist duties with Paul Waide, the head of Pacific Epoch, a Shanghai-based boutique consultancy that advises hedge funds on alternative investments in China.  My first column is on Shanghai and a couple/few forthcoming columns will examine cultural differences between Chinese Nationals, Chinese-Americans and Anglo-Americans, especially within the context of IT and IT marketing.  I will post my AlwaysOn "Letter from China" columns to this blog/e-newsletter, although please be advised that my intended audience are readers based in Silicon Valley.
Grudge Match: China vs. Europe
Staying on topic, I'd like to make a comment about a recent "Grudge Match" on the AlwaysOn Network.  See the item marked "Grudge Match" for 08.05.04 (5 August 2004) at .
In the referenced "Grudge Match," China was pitted against Europe.  China received 45% of the votes in contrast to Europe's 55%.  Frankly, I'm surprised that China did so well.  I've found that the AO "Grudge Match" results tend to indicate sentiment more so than reality.  For example, a recent match pitted SpaceShipOne against NASA and SSO absolutely clobbered NASA (besides, perhaps most of the votes for NASA came from either Ames or the Blue Cube).  Of course, SSO is a high school science experiment compared to what NASA is doing, but I believe the results accurately reflect sentiment. 
But what is amazing (to me, at least) is that China was pitted against Europe in the first place!  Let's face it, this is a rather goofy "grudge match."  For Europe to include First World nations such as Germany, France, the U.K., Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark (yes, some countries are intentionally left out) -- and to compare the collective whole of First World Europe (a.k.a. "Western Europe") to China is absurd.  If this was First World Europe vs. China circa 2020, okay.  But TODAY?  Yet, the sentiment indicator showed a strong vote in favor of China.  Europe "won," but barely.
I propose the following "grudge match":  China vs. "Eastern Europe" (i.e., the former Soviet Bloc).  Look, if China can do so well against Europe as a whole (including First World Europe), I'm sure China would absolutely kick Second World Europe's butt!!  And a China "grudge match" against Eastern Europe more accurately reflects current "history."
But even this is a bit misleading.  The real "grudge match" is this:  China + India vs. Second World Europe.  And given this choice, only someone stranded on Mars for the past decade might choose Second World Europe.  Yet, this is the real so-called "grudge match."  First World Europe is in descent, to be sure, but it's descending from a high altitude.  It will take at least a decade or two for China (and/or India) to truly match First World Europe.  But China ALREADY is superior to Second World Europe.  And don't rant about NATO and EU memberships; this is simply window dressing.  Then combine China with India versus Second World Europe, playing into my "Golden Triangle" theme, i.e., it's all about the U.S., India and China.  This is where the action is, ESPECIALLY in IT.
"It's Malaysia Time ..."
I must be getting punchy since I'm borrowing a theme from a beer commercial, but it seems that Malaysia is experiencing its 15 minutes of fame.  The Philippines has recently been "hot," and several articles of late have been touting Malaysia (see, for example, an article which appeared in Space Daily).  Frankly, I'm getting tired of all this nonsense.  Look, when it comes to ITO (IT outsourcing) in East Asia, there are just two choices, i.e., India and China.  And, it's not really a competition; both have their strengths and weaknesses.  A few crumbs to Singers (Singapore), maybe even a few crumbs to the Kiwis (New Zealand).  The Philippines deserves notice, albeit passing notice, and Malaysia might be okay for some BPO.  But ITO?  Come on, give me a break!!  See my Furl archive for more links.
The only thing I recently found interesting regarding Malaysia was an article on Satyam's IT boot camp in Malaysia.  This isn't really unique, after all, IBM has been doing this sort of thing for decades.  So does HP.  Kind of like training plus a bit of brainwashing, but the brainwashing is acceptable since it includes political survival skills -- and said skills are essential, especially in F500 corporations.  But I like the idea of SI (systems integrator)-based training:  This way SIs can focus on "real" versus theoretically perceived needs.
IT Tidbits
Which certifications have the best ROI (return on investment)?  Playing off the idea of SI-based training, which are the most important certifications?  Well, Cisco leads with three out of the top five, although Microsoft picks up a couple of "wins" when looking at fastest-growing ROI, with RedHat and Oracle getting one win each.  SIs in China may also want to benchmark how much U.S. employees are paid given a certain certification, e.g., Microsoft DBAs receive an annual average salary of US$80,600.  Think about how much SIs in China pay for a certified Microsoft DBA.  For example, what do they get paid in Jinan -- or even in Dalian?  Compare this to US$80,600.  Spot any opportunities?  See and .
ITO in the news.  Two particularly noteworthy items.  First, ITO got Slashdotted.  The Slashdot links are worth a review.  Probably some good insight into what American software engineers are thinking and feeling.  The second is a review of Lou Dobbs' new book on ITO and BPO.  Mr. Dobbs is a well-respected host on CNN; his views shouldn't be taken lightly.  A couple of excerpts from the review:
"GE, as Dobbs makes clear in abundant detail, is only one of many companies outsourcing high-tech and professional jobs to India and other parts of the world where wage expectations are lower.  Among the others spotlighted by Dobbs for outsourcing jobs to India, the Philippines, Romania, Ireland, Poland and other countries are IBM, SAS Institute, Intel, Microsoft, Perot Systems, Apple, Computer Associates, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Oracle and Sun Microsystems."  My comment:  Romania is the Changsha of Third World Europe, i.e., their programmers are about as cheap as programmers come.
"'India can provide our software; China can provide our toys; Sri Lanka can make our clothes; Japan make our cars.  But at some point we have to ask, what will we export?  At what will Americans work?  And for what kind of wages?  No one I've asked in government, business or academia has been able to answer those questions,' Dobbs writes."  See the review in the Tallahassee Democrat or my Furl link .
So-called infrastructure vendors beat out app vendors in terms of their ability to meet expected ROI and TCO (total cost of ownership) levels.  I don't really like the way infrastructure and application vendors are defined in this article and related survey, but top honors go to IBM and Microsoft.  There's a lot being written between the lines, but in general this plays into my "build-to-a-stack" strategy, albeit Oracle is left behind.  See .
Speaking of Microsoft ...  A good, quick review of the various IBUs (independent business units) at Microsoft.  (See .)  For a take on MBS, see .
New marketing technologies.  Interesting article from the premier issue of CMO (Chief Marketing Officer).  There are two ways to view this:  1) which marketing technologies can be used by SIs in China for their own marketing endeavors, and 2) which marketing technologies will likely be adopted by retailers, e-commerce sites, financial institutions and numerous other sectors -- and which in house skills does an SI in China need to implement these new technologies (all of which are IT-related)?  See .
Looking for partners in the utility computing space?  For a start, try the top 25 vendors.  (See .)  Yankee gives a quick look at utility computing ROI (see ).  HP chimes in with their take, too (see ; it's a PDF).
The battle of the SI globals.  Two related articles both based on the same Forrester report.  (See and .)  Issues being considered include scalability (i.e., handling US$100+ million accounts), the need for broad offerings (e.g., strategy consulting) and expanding geographical presence (hey, where is EDS in China?).   "(T)he (Forrester) study finds that Infosys and Wipro have melded together a mix of CMMI, P-CMM, Six Sigma and ISO 9000 to create a culture focused on consistent and repeatable processes and value-added tools."  For China's SIs, mostly food for thought -- and a bit of dreaming.
... and how to battle the globals.  The article was a bit silly, after all, G2000 firms joining forces to battle Accenture or Infosys doesn't really fit the notion of smaller firms joining forces.  But I believe that they're on the right track and that a myriad of partnerships will be formed to most effectively capture new business and battle the globals.  However, ISVs (independent software vendors) have to walk a very fine line.  SIs need to carefully consider ISV responses and existing alliances.  See .
"Infosys to set up second outsourcing facility in China."  The article states that Infosys is running out of space in their Pudong facility and that they're scouting for additional digs.  Come on, guys, running out of space?  There's not enough space in the Shanghai Pudong Software Park?  I don't think so ...  The reality is that Infosys needs to find lower cost developers.  As my column on Shanghai for AO's "Letter from China" notes, developers in Shanghai are a bit pricey compared to other places in China.  Infosys China is primarily servicing their global customers in China and looking for high-end integration within the domestic market.  However, this is a tough nut to crack and Infosys will need another development center to lower their overall costs -- and this is why they are looking for additional space IN ANOTHER CITY.  The idea that they're running out of space in the SPSP is ridiculous.  (I've been to their Shanghai digs ...)  See .
Zensar gets broader press coverage.  Kind of like watching a meme, a couple of non-Indian IT trades have picked up the Zensar/Broadengate announcement.  See and .
"Rethinking the business case for Java."  A good article.  Hmmm ... maybe not much of a case, eh?    Hey, I'm still a believer.  See .  Of course, Java programming ain't what it used to be ...
"The selling of SOA."  Two-part series in Line56.  SUPERB!!  (I prefer the singular to the plural, i.e., "architecture" versus "architectures"; personal preference.)  Reviews various viewpoints on SOA.  See and .
Urls update.  Expect to see lots and lots of stuff on software engineering and development.  Great stuff, too!!  Later this week.
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x) (access to blog content archives in China) (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW) (AvantGo channel)
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          Sid Meiers Civilization VI Nubia Civilization and Scenario Pack CODEX-3DMGAME Torrent Free Download        

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          Szansa na pełne poznanie nowej podstawy programowej!        



Czy już zaprzyjaźniłeś się z nową podstawą programową?

Czy już wiesz, jak będzie wyglądać Twoja praca z klasami 1-3 od nowego roku szkolnego?

Czy szukasz dodatkowych inspiracji do prowadzenia zajęć? 

Ta seria szkoleń jest dla Ciebie!


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Multisensorise your classroom! Amanda Davies 

A multisensory approach to teaching aims to engage as many of the senses as possible to enhance learning, and is one component of the educational reform affecting primary English language learning in Poland.

This webinar will look at the benefits of multisensory teaching, before showing you how to implement a multisensory approach in your classroom through practical ideas and activities


13 maja (sobota)
godz. 10:00



The Magnificent Thirteen or How to Have Fun Following
the New Core Curriculum 
Małgosia Tetiurka

So it happened. We have a list of thirteen topic areas to be covered with early years learners…

In this webinar I’ll share my favourite tips for working with vocabulary (not forgetting grammar): some old, some new; some using technology, some using very basic resources; some for big classes, some for smaller groups.


3 czerwca (sobota)
godz. 10:00



The Die is Cast, Let’s Cross the Rubicon of the New Core Curriculum! Kasia Ścibor

I’m inviting you on a trip through two continents and a number of countries which will show you why there is so much stress on culture in the New Curriculum, how to bring our own culture into the classroom and how to make our 1-3 graders hungry to learn about other nations.

Join me and you’ll have a better understanding of the New Curriculum, plenty of practical classroom ideas and eyes forever wide open to new projects unveiling wherever you’ll go this summer.


          Marka Factory z tytułem Created in Poland Superbrands        
Marka Factory jest jedną z najchętniej polecanych przez konsumentów marek - dowodzi badanie konsumenckie przeprowadzone przez Superbrands. W badaniu mierzono wspomaganą znajomość marki oraz wizerunek.
          Dark Fury – Semper Fidelis 2013 || Full Album Download Available Black Metal Genre        
Origin: Polandia
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          Poland Models 2017: Leica + Hasselblad        
Poland Models 2017: Leica + Hasselblad Matthew Osborne Photography / Mr Leica March 2017 I just finished my latest overseas model photography trip in Sopot, Poland.  3.5 days, 14 photoshoots, 11 models and 7 new faces. A very productive and … Continue reading
          Poland Models – Leica Ms        
Poland Models – Leica Ms Matthew Osborne Photography / Mr Leica December 2016 Happy New Year!  I wrote this on the flight back to the UK after spending four nights in Poland visiting my model friends in Sopot. It was … Continue reading
          A Look At Trump's Day At The G-20        
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST: Hard to remember the last time a meeting between two world leaders drew quite so much attention as the one set for today in Hamburg, Germany, when Donald Trump sits down with Vladimir Putin. Now, we don't know what these two men plan to say to each other, but we maybe got a hint yesterday of the U.S. position. President Trump was giving a speech in Warsaw, Poland, and among other things, he said this. (SOUNDBITE OF SPEECH) PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP: We urge Russia to cease its destabilizing activities in Ukraine and elsewhere and its support for hostile regimes, including Syria and Iran, and to instead join the community of responsible nations in our fight against common enemies and in defense of civilization itself. KELLY: NPR's Scott Horsley is traveling with the president. He is on the line from Hamburg. Scott, President Trump often says he doesn't like to tip his hand, he doesn't like to telegraph what he's going to do.
          Amid Gathering Of World Leaders, Trump's Meeting With Putin Stands Out        
President Trump arrives in Poland on Wednesday afternoon. Over the next few days, he'll be attending a Group of 20 summit and meeting with a wide array of world leaders. It's likely none of those meetings will be more closely scrutinized than Trump's first face-to-face sit-down with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Trump has often said he would like to see closer ties between the U.S. and Russia. But that has been complicated by Russia's meddling in the 2016 presidential election. Throughout the campaign, Trump routinely praised Putin as a strong leader, often contrasting him with then-President Barack Obama. "I think in terms of leadership, he's getting an A, and our president is not doing so well," Trump told Bill O'Reilly of Fox News in 2015. Now that Trump is in office, national security adviser H.R. McMaster says, he has pursued a two-track approach with Russia: looking for areas in which the two countries can cooperate, while confronting the Russians for their bad behavior
          JPIC OFMCap International Commission in Solidarity with the homeless of Krakow        
“Joy, with peace, is the sister of charity. Serve the Lord with laughter. ”   The Capuchin friars in Krakow, Poland take these words of Saint Pio literary. With joy, they serve the homeless of Krakow through their ministry to … Continue reading
          By: Administrator        
Thanks Barry and Miriam! Everything is clear in hindsight! I'm sure both of you are correct! Perhaps I should start preparing a glossary of the Latin terms and abbreviations I find in these records from Poland. I haven't been able to find a good reference to help translate these records. Jonathan D. Shea and William F. Hoffman are preparing a volume of "In their Words: A Genealogist's Translation Guide to Polish, German, Latin and Russian Documents" to address documents in Latin, but I don't know when it is scheduled for publication.
          Forum Gdańsk - prace potrwają jeszcze rok        
Prace budowlane Forum Gdańsk rozpoczęto w czerwcu 2015 roku, a otwarcie inwestycji zaplanowano na 2017 rok. Projekt realizowany jest we współpracy pomiędzy Multi Poland, Gminą Miasta Gdańska oraz grupą PKP. Projekt architektoniczny kompleksu powstał na deskach pracowni SUD Architekt Polska i T + T Design.
          A Teaspoon of Earth and Sea by Dina Viergut        
In 1981, eleven-year-old Saba Hafezi watches as her mother and twin sister, Mahtab, board a plane to America, leaving her in a seaside village in northern Iran. Though she is certain of what she saw, Saba's broken father and colorful slew of surrogate grandmothers claim that Mahtab is dead and that Saba should forget about her troublesome mother; nevertheless, there are others who attribute Saba's belief in her sister's survival to “twin-sense” and relish the possibility that Mahtab might still be alive. Over the next seventeen years, Saba immerses herself in illegal western books, movies, and magazines, and weaves an exquisite parallel American life for her twin sister, one that mirrors her own in bizarre and unlikely ways—and rivals the fates of Ivy-League western shahs—a life that the bookish Saba too might have lived if she'd been allowed to get on that plane.

Beginning with small tokens of adolescence and moving to larger coincidences of unrequited love, the violent consequences of forced marriage to a much older man, and motherhood, Mahtab’s hazier American story keeps pace with her sister like a shadow. Mahtab loses a lover when Saba does. Mahtab finds unexpected wealth in the same way as Saba. But whereas Saba’s story has all the grit and brutality of real life in post-revolution Iran, Mahtab’s is like an American television show as imagined under an Iranian storyteller’s blanket, always returning power and control to the heroine’s hands.

A TEASPOON OF EARTH AND SEA uses strong, colorful characters, a unique narrative voice, and rural eastern storytelling techniques with western-style prose to convey a sense of mystery and a compelling message about identity and being the mistress of one's own fate while living and battling within the fantasy of our other "selves." The bittersweet ending leaves the reader wondering if it matters at all where life takes us or why. Maybe the soul is unchanging and—as the old saying goes—life is written in the veins.

[Riverhead (World English) 2012; Edizioni Piemme (Italy) 2012; Rocco (Brazil) 2012; De Bezige Bij (Netherlands) 2012; Editions Calmann-Levy (France) 2012; Gyldendal (Norway) 2012; Damm (Sweden) 2012; Mare (Germany) 2012; Grup (Turkey) 2012; Modern Press (China) 2012; Wydawnictwo Otwarte (Poland) 2012; Thaning & Appel (Denmark)].

About the author
Dina N. Viergutz was born to a controversial family of doctors and poets in Iran in 1979 and lived and traveled there throughout the Iran-Iraq war. Having escaped the country on the day of her mother’s intended execution, Dina spent some years in Europe before moving to the United States. She speaks three languages and recently became a citizen of France (dual with U.S.), and has spent the last three years living in Paris and Amsterdam with her husband where she researched and wrote A Teaspoon of Earth and Sea. She is a graduate of Princeton and holds two masters degrees from Harvard, and she has just been accepted to the Iowa Writers Workshop beginning in the fall 2011. She has done an array of work, including leading strategic projects for Saks Fifth Avenue and McKinsey in New York City. As a Zuckerman Fellow at Harvard, she has discussed public policy with world leaders, and as a Teaching Fellow and keynote speaker (also at Harvard) she gave speeches to audiences of hundreds before she turned thirty.

picture taken from

          iPhone 4S arriving in Hong Kong, South Korea and a number of other locales on November 11th        
Apple is getting ready to add a whole slew of new locations to its iPhone 4S world domination plan. Starting November 11th, the company's latest smartphone will be available in Hong Kong, South Korea and 13 additional countries, including Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Malta, Montenegro, New Zealand, Panama, Poland, Portugal, and Romania. Pre-orders for those locations (save for Albania, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malta, Montenegro and Panama) will begin on the 4th. The handset is currently available in 29 countries -- that number will increase to more than 70 by year's end. Press info can be found after the break.
          Manti Fresh launched in Poland with great success        

Vejle, Denmark – August 12, 2015 The Manti Fresh compressed gum is a dietary supplement combining calcium compounds, magnesium, peppermint oil and menthol. Promotion on highlights that it offers the strength of a tablet and the freshness of gum, while

The post Manti Fresh launched in Poland with great success appeared first on Fertin Pharma.

          Europe Forecast: Hot in the south - Thundery central areas, Aug 10 - 10:13        

Staying hot in southern Europe with thunderstorms in central areas Thursday Dry weather continues across Iberia - hot in south-west Spain and Portugal. Slack low pressure over western Europe brings cool and unsettled weather - areas of heavy rain and thunderstorms for France, the Low Countries and Germany, although the Riviera and also Brittany may escape dry. Thundery rain too for the Alps, and a few showers possible for northern-central Italy. Hot and dry for southern Italy, Greece and areas near the Black Sea. Scorching temperatures for the Balkan states, Hungary and Slovakia, also south-eastern Poland, topping 40C. A risk of severe thunderstorms developing and spreading from Austria to the Czech Republic and also across southern Poland. Areas of thundery rain for the Baltic states and Finland, whilst southern Scandinavia should stay dry.

Friday Fine and dry across Portugal and Spain today, feeling hot too. More hot and dry weather in the Balearics and the hot weather persists over Italy. Greece and Turkey will be remaining dry with more sunshine and staying hot. Fine with sunny spells in western France although the risk of some thunderstorms developing in the east. Sunny spells and an odd shower in the Low Countries. Heavy showers across Germany and Poland some of this heavy. Austria, Hungary and Switzerland will have thunderstorms. Fair for Denmark with sunny spells here. Fair for the Baltic States with sunny spells here. Staying dry in Finland with more sunny spells. Remaining fair across Sweden whilst some rain arrives in western Norway.

          Kew Gardens ’17: Persona Non Grata        
Japanese diplomat Chiune “Sempo” Sugihara was forbidden entry by the Soviets, expelled by the Germans, and demoted by his own foreign ministry. Those events certainly buttress a favorable judgement from history, but they did not do his career any favors. Sugihara was ill-advisedly principled throughout his diplomatic tenure, but his decision to issue travel visas to Jewish refugees while serving as the Japanese consul in Lithuania earned him recognition as one of the Righteous Among the Nations at Yad Vashem. Sugihara’s pre-war exploits and wartime heroics are chronicled in Cellin Gluck’s Persona Non Grata: The Chiune Sugihara Story (trailer here), which screens during the first ever Kew Gardens Festival of Cinema.

Fluent in Russian and well educated in Russian history, Sugihara aspired to a Russian posting. However, his intelligence gathering in Manchuria, with respect to the disposition of the Northern Manchuria Railroad, bitterly antagonized the Soviets. As a result, he was declared persona non grata before he was even posted to Russia. Instead, Sugihara was dispatched to Lithuania, a convenient vantage-point for watching the Soviets.

Initially, Kaunas is quite pleasant for Sugihara and his wife Yukiko. He quickly comes to an arrangement with Pesh, a maybe not-so-former Polish intelligence officer, who helps Sugihara keep tabs on the Russians and Germans, in exchange for the occasional travel document. By the time Jewish refugees, primarily but not exclusively from Poland start flooding Kaunas, Sugihara heads the only still functioning quasi-neutral consulate. Although the Tripartite Pact is an acknowledged inevitability, Sugihara starts issuing travel visas to the refugees, as quickly as he and his staff can stamp them.

Not surprisingly, the Foreign Ministry is less than ecstatic over his actions, but they transfer him to a sensitive posting in Germany anyway. Obviously, saving thousands of lives is a big deal, but there is even more to his story. In fact, the Prussian section is unexpectedly fascinating, because it offers up a very different perspective on the War.

Through Sugihara’s Cassandra-like warnings to his superiors, Gluck and co-screenwriters Tetsuro Kamata and Hiromichi Matsuo suggest Japan always considered Russia their natural enemy, which made the Molotov-Ribbentrop non-aggression pact awkward, but ironically desirable. According to the film, they were counting on Germany’s help against the Americans and British in the Pacific, but when Hitler attacked Russia, it consigned them to facing the Yanks (and Brits) alone, thereby sealing their fate. Apparently, his analysis of German intentions did not sit well with the National Socialists, who also declared Sugihara persona non grata.

Admittedly, a figure like Sugihara would be intimidating to portray, but Toshiaki Karasawa largely plays it safe (and rather stiffly). However, Koyuki is terrific as Yukiko, Sugihara’s wife and his conscience when he needs it. She perfectly delivers a pivotal exchange—too quiet and humanistic to be called a big speech—that could earn her award consideration if anyone picks up Gluck’s film. Borys Szyc is also compulsively watchable as the slightly roguish but deeply earnest Pesh.

The fact that Persona Non Grata has not screened more widely at festivals is absolutely baffling. After all, it addresses the Holocaust, as well as a past refugee crisis, which offers the appeal of contemporary relevancy. It also happens to be a good film. Unfortunately, it might be too smart for its own good. Highly recommended for the heart and mind, Persona Non Grata screens this Wednesday afternoon (8/9) as part of the inaugural Kew Gardens Festival of Cinema.
          Sell Silver Coins        
How to clean coins money, they find and treasure hunt? You do't! Cleaning coins tend to damage, especially if improperly performed. Tarnished and wear can actually increase the value for money, clean, and it can be.

Grit and dust will scratch the surface of the money you try to clean it. If you need to wash the gold coins, soaking in warm soapy water, gently with a soft cloth Poland.

Gold and silver commemorative coins of actual damages tone through money collectors find enough attractive. Removing tarnish can stay away from the wealth. Silver never cleaned blue, green, blue, purple or-tag. May look clean and silver species, which is really not a desirable quality of old coins! If you have any questions, your ideas, you should clean up your money, do not do so, until an expert advisory coin collector!

Copper coins, and may not be cleaned. They can easily be destroyed. It is best for them in terms of find your way and stored to prevent further damage. Many experts have used ultrasonic clean money, decided to wash. These collector coins to know that they leave, so it is best for them, asked their opinions, and then continue. An washing machine with ultrasonic vibration action, clean money, not as a tool for grinding, and even a soft cloth.

The most important thing to remember to clean the money, on May the tone of a century, you see things develop. Do not wash in only a few minutes! It increases the unique nature and coins. Save your coins properly, regardless of the material will protect them and help them to retain their value. Worthless coins can be held with the glass jar, box or plastic bag. This is not recommended for valuable assets.

Any money should be separately packed in a clear plastic bag. In this way you can see the money, without having to touch with your hand, or remove it from your coverage.

You can also buy a special acid-free paper apply to store coins in the collection of shops. It is a cheap way to store your coins. Cash album is a great way to store and display your collection. Is to ensure safe storage of the region album will not be wet or damp, such as the basement.

Mylay lined cardboard sleeves can be used for boat worth the money. This provides a good job protecting Depression and scratches in shipping. Storage and protection of high-quality money, do not want to deal with your hands, consider them in a hard plastic cover. This is sometimes referred to as "flat", and offers the highest protection.

If you live in very wet or damp, throwing a bag of silica gel with their money to help absorb excess moisture and to prevent damage to your money.
Learn where to Sell Silver Coins by visiting Sell Silver Coins - A popular coin collecting website that teaches you how to make money in buying and selling coins without taking unnecessary risks.
          Euro 2012 without Chorzow and Krakow        

UEFA decided to organize Euro 2012 in eight cities.

Poland and Ukraine applied for expanding the list of host-cities to 10-12. The decision of UEFA can mean that the European Championships will pass over Chorzow and Krakow.

- We have reached an agreement with Poland – said the head of Ukrainian football Hryhorij Surkis – Euro will be held in four Polish cities and four Ukrainian ones.

The final list of the city-hosts will have been prepared by UEFA by May. Michal Listkiewicz the former head of PZPN (Polish National Football Association), who was responsible for the relations with UEFA as far as Euro 2012 project was concerned, does not exclude a possibility of 6 cities in Poland and 2 in Ukraine to be found on the final list.

          Poland and Germany will host Euro-2012        

After UEFA commission’s visit to Ukraine in early February German mass-media started talks about possible transfer of Euro-2012 from Ukraine to Germany.

As alternative to Ukrainian cities are suggested Berlin and Leipzig located close to Poland - another host-country of Euro-2012.

German edition of Express cites commercial manager for German-Polish Chamber of Commerce Larse Bosset, who at RBB channel had his say concerning possible change of host-country from Ukraine to Germany for holding Euro-2012 matches. “There’s happening much more than we can even imagine off screen and behind public discussions” - told Mr. Bosset hinting at corridor talks in UEFA.

German edition supposes UEFA may refuse to Ukraine to be host-country of Euro-2012 as the country faces serious difficulties with stadiums construction.

In summer, 2008 there was information of Germany to substitute Ukraine and host Euro-2012 Championship together with Poland, though later Germany denied its negotiations with Poland concerning Euro-2012.

          Prime Property Prize Wielkopolska 2013 dla Von der Heyden Group        
Rozwój rynku nowoczesnej powierzchni biurowej w Poznaniu rozpoczął się w 2001 roku wraz z otwarciem budynku Poznań Financial Center, zrealizowanego przez Von der Heyden Group. To właśnie ta spółka zwyciężyła w konkursie Prime Property Prize Wielkopolska 2013 w kategorii deweloper. Wśród nominowanych do nagrody byli także: TriGranit, Skanska Property Poland, Echo Investment oraz Ataner.
          Praca w nadgodzinach, efektywność: Nadgodziny zmorą pracowników        
• 75 proc. Polaków pracuje po godzinach – wynika z badania Hays Poland. • Aż jedna czwarta specjalistów spędza na wykonywaniu obowiązków zawodowych dodatkowe 10-15 godzin tygodniowo. • Z kolei według danych Harvard Business School, nowoczesne technologie sprawiają, że współcześni specjaliści i menedżerowie spędzają na wykonywaniu i zdalnym ‘monitorowaniu’ pracy od 80 do 90 godzin w tygodniu. • Tymczasem badania pokazują jasno, że przepracowanie przekłada się na niższy poziom koncentracji i produktywności.
          Prime Property Prize Wielkopolska 2013: Okrąglak najlepszym biurowcem w Poznaniu        
Wybudowany przez firmę Immobel Poland Okrąglak w Poznaniu, oficjalnie otwarty 24 sierpnia 2012 roku, jest zwycięzcą w konkursie Prime Property Prize Wielkopolska 2013 w kategorii Biura. Obiekt oferuje 6 tys. mkw. powierzchni biurowej.
          Skanska Property Poland zainteresowana kolejnymi inwestycjami w Poznaniu        
Realizowany przez spółkę Skanska Property Poland biurowiec Malta House nie będzie ostatnią inwestycją tej spółki w Poznaniu. - Wielkopolska, w tym w szczególności Poznań, to bardzo atrakcyjny rynek dla inwestorów zagranicznych. Widzimy stałe zainteresowanie tą lokalizacją firmami z sektora nowoczesnych usług biznesowych - wyjaśnia w rozmowie z Katarzyna Zawodna, dyrektor regionalny, Region Północ, Skanska Property Poland.
          Comment on "No, John, Let’s Talk About Race", by Spencer Quinn        
Look at the state of rural, semi-rural America, Britain, Europe from the Azores to Poland. That white curve is two standard deviations off in the wrong direction.
          Reply to a libertarian        
My previous post on the Cato Institute attracted some interest, including a comment from a libertarian named Kurt who wrote:
The Cato Institute approves a model of society in which there are simply individuals in pursuit of their own self-interest (in particular their economic self-interest).

So do I. There is nothing in libertarianism that precludes people from living a more traditional lifestyle, if they so choose. In fact many libertarians do just that. It seems you have a beef with those who want to make choices differently than you.

They must band together, as a collective force. They must go on strike?

In a certain sense all human endeavors are collective. For example, a start-up company. You seek out others who share your commitment to a particular goal, then work together to accomplish that goal. So what? I work with all kinds of people in my daily life and in pursuit of my life goals. As long no coercion is involved, this is perfectly compatible with libertarianism.

One's body being the most private and precious of all property.

Of course. This is a tautology, especially with regards to bio-medicine and life extension.

I will say it again. There is no reason why like-minded individuals cannot live a "traditional" life in a libertarian society. It appears that your problem with libertarianism is not that it prevents you from living your own life, but that you can't force your choices onto others.

Kurt is suggesting that you can make society in general run along libertarian lines but within this society individuals could voluntarily associate to purse a traditional lifestyle together.

I want to point out a few of the problems with Kurt's suggestion. First, it does not allow for the preservation of real, historic nations of people. If the Poles, for instance, were to adopt Kurt's advice, they would not be able to say "we want to preserve our existing Polish identity at the state level, for instance, through immigration policy." You could not assert, at the public level, one thing over another as that would be "coercion" against individual preference. The best you could do would be for individual Poles to try to keep their tradition going by gathering together somewhere in Poland as part of a voluntary association.

In the meantime, you would have an influx of people into Poland not sharing the Polish identity or tradition and, most likely, being willing to use their resources and influence to make sure that the native tradition did not prosper. Would the little pockets, the little remnants, of Polish communities survive? Even if a few did, the effect of libertarianism would not be neutral - it would have forever impacted on the real existence of the Poles as a nation of people.

It's the same when it comes to family. A traditional society requires a stable form of family life. Libertarians, though, believe that family is whatever people choose it to be. Furthermore, libertarians see the family as a purely voluntarily association that people can choose to join or leave at any time and for any reason.

And so a traditionalist community would be radically countercultural within a libertarian society. It would require a massive undertaking by individuals without large-scale resources, to set up their own towns, schools, universities and mass media, where a traditionalist understanding of family could prosper in opposition to the libertarian one. In a sense, traditionalists would be creating their own society from scratch. It is a daunting prospect, that involves escaping libertarian norms, rather than one easily accomplished within a libertarian system.

And here's another issue. Libertarianism is not value neutral. Libertarianism rests upon a particular understanding of man and society that has evolved over time from a mishmash of intellectual influences. Kurt himself acknowledges that he agrees with "a model of society in which there are simply individuals in pursuit of their own self-interest (in particular their economic self-interest)".

So it is not possible for Kurt to claim that, in pushing for a libertarian model of society, he is not imposing his own world view on others. Libertarians are, in fact, imposing a very specific concept of man, his purposes, his relationship to others and the sources of meaning, value and human dignity. From these assumptions then flow the libertarian concept of how society should be organised politically.

Furthermore, once you accept the libertarian/classical liberal world view, then a particular kind of morality emerges, one that is inevitably held to seriously by the "thinkers" within such a society. For instance, if what matters is an untrammelled pursuit of individual self-interest by all, then it becomes critical that I do not in my own choices hinder or limit the choices of others. So the moral thing then becomes "non-interference" which leads to a moral system centred on attributes such as openness to the other, respect for diversity, non-discrimination, and tolerance. Particular loyalties, especially those based on inherited attributes such as race, sex, ethnicity - even culture - are thought of negatively as limitations, perhaps even "bigotry".

So a traditionalist community is once again going to be radically countercultural within a libertarian society. It is going to be countercultural at a deeper philosophical level, and, more immediately, in terms of the moral values of that society. The traditionalist community is going to be put in the position of having to resist the moral norms of the larger society, no easy task given the way that people generally conform to the leading ideas of the society they inhabit.

Finally, there is the issue of truth claims. If you set out to create a society with a multitude of religions and cultures, then it becomes difficult to hold to the deeper truth claims of any of them. To be part of one tends to become something like a "personal preference" or a "sentimental attachment" without a wider significance. The centre moves elsewhere, most likely to some sort of commercialised lifestyle and culture. In practice there is a hollowing out of the culture.

I remember the comment of one American classical liberal who forcefully insisted on cultures and religions being inconsequential:
Cultures and religions are either about weddings and music and fancy clothes or they're about to get their asses kicked...If all religions and cultures are equal then none is superior, and that is how we keep them in line.

Kurt, I hope you can understand from all this why I don't find the prospect of trying to maintain a traditionalist community within a libertarian system appealing. It is certainly not the ideal for traditionalists to aspire to. Nor does it make sense for traditionalists to accept the organisation of society according to a value system so much at odds with our own.
          Kaufland poszerza portfolio nośników reklamowych        
Sieć marketów Kaufland oraz POS Media Poland podpisały umowę na organizację kampanii in-store. W ramach umowy POS Media Poland będzie oferował klientom możliwość reklamy na naklejkach podłogowych w sklepach oraz bilboardach na budynkach marketów Kaufland.
          How to Find the Right Flu Vaccine        
When you visit your doctor for your annual flu shot, don’t be surprised if he sounds more like your local bartender and asks, “What’s your pleasure?” For the first time in decades, Americans will have a wide range of vaccine options this flu season. Since the 1940s, health-conscious citizens have pretty much had only one way of getting immunized: a shot containing three strains of the influenza virus. In recent years, a nasal spray and higher-dose vaccines were added. But this flu season, there are seven ways to get immunized against influenza, so there’s a vaccine for practically everyone. “There has been some drumroll that vaccines aren’t performing quite as well as we want, so we better get in there to improve coverage,” says Dr. Greg Poland, director of the Mayo Clinic Vaccine Research Group. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), which distributes the vaccines made by pharmaceutical companies, says it’s not likely that every doctor, hospital or retail health care center will carry all seven varieties, but with a little research, you can probably find out where your vaccine of choice is given. (MORE: Bird Flu Is Back in China, but This Time It’s H7N9) Here’s the rundown on who should consider which vaccine: Standard three-strain shot The tried-and-true flu shot that protects against three strains of influenza will still be available and is recommended for everyone 6 months and older. This year’s version includes influenza strains H1N1 and H3N2, and an influenza B virus. Four-strain shot For the first time, a flu shot will protect against four types of influenza — two from the so-called A class of viruses and two from the B class. There are only two types of B-class influenza, which primarily causes illness in young children, so the new shot will offer protection against both. “This vaccine will give you greater likelihood of protection against what you might encounter during the flu season,” says Dr. Michael Shaw, associate director of laboratory science at the CDC’s influenza division. Eventually, this vaccine, called the quadrivalent shot,
          Piotr Wilczek Named CSU’s 2017 Commencement Speaker        

Noted scholar and diplomat currently serves as Polish Ambassador to the U.S.

Piotr Wilczek, Ambassador of the Republic of Poland to the United States, will be the 2017 afternoon commencement speaker for Cleveland State University. Wilczek is a noted author, literary translator and expert in comparative literature who has also earned significant notice for his efforts to enhance cultural understanding and educational exchange between Poland and the United States.

“Piotr Wilczek is a leading public intellectual and dedicated international activist who has spent his academic and diplomatic career working to improve relations between the United States and Poland,” says Ronald M. Berkman, President of CSU. “We are honored to have him serve as our 2017 commencement speaker.”

Wilczek, who was appointed Ambassador in 2016 by the President of Poland, has authored or edited 22 books and is considered one of the foremost international experts on Polish literature and culture. Prior to being named Ambassador, he served as professor and director of the doctoral studies program in the College of Liberal Arts at the University of Warsaw and previously served as head of the College. He was also an active member of the Warsaw-based non-partisan American Study Group at the Polish Institute of International Affairs, and served as representative in Poland of the New York-based Kosciuszko Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to educational, cultural, and artistic exchange between the United States and Poland.

Wilczek served as a visiting professor in CSU’s Polish Studies program in 2012 and has also held visiting faculty appointments at Rice University, the University of Illinois and Boston College.

Cleveland State’s 2017 spring commencement ceremonies will be held Saturday, May 13 at the Bert L. & Iris S. Wolstein Center on the CSU campus.


          CSU Hosts Crossing Borders: Immigrant Narratives, March 18 & 19        

Staged reading produced by Lit Cleveland is part of 2017 Humanities Fest

Crossing BordersWhen Literary Cleveland put out a call for immigration stories by Northeast Ohio writers, the group was flooded with responses, highlighting both the tremendous contributions of immigrants to the region and the importance of this voice to our cultural heritage.

Now many of these powerful stories – written by immigrants from Syria, Iran, Colombia, Poland, China, Azerbaijan and elsewhere– will be heard in front of a live audience as part of a staged reading produced with Cleveland State University during the upcoming Cleveland Humanities Festival.

Crossing Borders: Immigrant Narratives will be performed Saturday, March 18th and Sunday, March 19th at 7 pm in the Cleveland State University Student Center Ballroom at 2121 Euclid Ave, Third Floor. The events are cosponsored by the Baker-Nord Center for the Humanities and Cleveland State University’s College of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences.

The staged reading of short essays, fiction and poems is directed by Marc Moritz, who has assembled a cast of professional actors to perform the pieces. The stories in the show are provocative, moving, heart-wrenching and funny. The authors address the emotional journey of crossing borders, both literal and metaphorical, and what it means to be both an immigrant and an American.  

In “The Buttonhook Men,” Jill Sell writes about her Czech ancestors’ uncertain passage through Ellis Island, which could easily have been rejected. “Food and Family,” a piece by Hathaway Brown student Crystal Zhao, tells the story of a second-generation Chinese immigrant bonding with her mother over stories of childhood rebellion. The poem “Genesis” by Daniel Gray-Kontar addresses the journey of African-Americans from the south to northern cities like Cleveland during the Great Migration.

In the raw “Struggling to Survive,” Syrian immigrant Bayan Aljbawi writes about leaving her troubled homeland for the U.S., an experience she describes as “escaping from one suffering to another: new culture, new country and different language.”

“My husband, my baby and I were lucky,” she concludes. “The only question left is this: What about too many others who did not get a chance to do the same?”

And in “American Promise,” award-winning novelist and Case Western University professor Thrity Umrigar – who immigrated here from India over 30 years ago – confronts the current political climate and asks if the U.S. “will be a country that is as small and narrow as its fears” or “as large and glorious as its dreams, as splendid as the hopes of millions of its citizens, immigrant and native born…?”

The event is free and open to the public but registration is strongly encouraged. For more information, visit


          What's Cooking?        
This post contains suggestions for how to earn your Chow Down: E-lectrified and Keep It Real: E-lectrified badges.
Learn more and earn badges on the Connect Your Summer page.

Learn about your food - where it comes from, how it's made, and the history of how and why we started to eat what we eat - with some of these informative documentaries.

This film shows how human desires are an essential, intricate part of natural history by exploring the natural history of four plants -the apple, the tulip, marijuana, and the potato - and the corresponding human desires - sweetness, beauty, intoxication and control. This two-hour documentary begins in Michael Pollan's garden, and roams the world, from the fields of Iowa to the apple forests of Kazakhstan, from a medical marijuana hot house to the tulip markets of Amsterdam.

"Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants." These simple words go to the heart of food journalist Pollan's thesis. Humans used to know how to eat well, he argues, but the balanced dietary lessons that were once passed down through generations have been confused and distorted by food industry marketers, nutritional scientists, and journalists. As a result, we face today a complex culinary landscape dense with bad advice and foods that are not "real." Indeed, plain old eating is being replaced by an obsession with nutrition that is, paradoxically, ruining our health, not to mention our meals. Pollan's advice is: "Don't eat anything that your great-great grandmother would not recognize as food."

Discusses the enduring appeal of soul food, and presents an overview of its history, covering its roots in Western Africa, its incarnation in the American South, and the role it plays in the health crisis in the African American community.

In-depth investigation into unlabeled genetically-modified foods which have become increasingly prevalent in grocery stores. Unravels the complex web of market and political forces that are changing the nature of what we eat.

Also available in: e-video

The drive to obtain food has been a major catalyst across all of history, from prehistoric times to the present. Take an enthralling journey into the human relationship to food as you travel the world discovering fascinating food lore and culture of all regions and eras-as an eye-opening lesson in history as well as a unique window on what we eat today.

Also available in: e-video

Explores how large corporations and government agencies control agriculture and food processing, and how those practices affect human, environmental, and economic health.

Also available in: e-video

American food is in a state of crisis. Obesity and diabetes are on the rise, food costs are skyrocketing, family farms are in decline, and our agricultural environment is in jeopardy. Explore a thriving local food movement as our world becomes a more flavorless, disconnected, and dangerous place to eat.

Also available in: e-video

Every year in America we throw away 96 billion pounds of food - 263 million pounds a day. Inspired by a curiosity about society's careless habit of sending good, edible food straight to landfills, the multi award-winning documentary DIVE! follows filmmaker Jeremy Seifert and friends as they dumpster dive in the back alleys and gated garbage receptacles of Los Angeles' supermarkets. In the process, they salvage thousands of dollars worth of good, edible food - resulting in an eye-opening documentary that is equal parts entertainment, guerilla journalism and call to action.

Also available in: e-video

From rooftop farmers to backyard beekeepers, Americans are growing food like never before. Growing Cities goes coast to coast to tell the stories of these intrepid urban farmers, activists, and everyday city-dwellers who are challenging the way this country feeds itself. From those growing in backyards to make ends meet to educators teaching kids to eat healthier, viewers find that urban farming is about much more than simply good food.

Also available in: e-video

Examines the possibility of eliminating diseases like heart disease and diabetes through a plant-based diet.

This chronicles what director Lathe Poland learned after he was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. He sought to find out why he got sick, because he didn't fit the classic picture of an adult onset diabetes sufferer. He quickly learned that much of what he knew about healthy eating was based on myths or fifty-year-old science. He searches out why Americas modern food culture is killing us. The upside? There is a lot that can be done!.

An A-to-Z encyclopedia of Raw Food, perfect for beginners and Raw Food enthusiasts.

How do GMOs affect our children, the health of our planet, and our freedom of choice? These and other questions take director Seifert on a journey from his family's table to Haiti, Paris, Norway, and the lobby of agra-giant Monsanto, from which he is unceremoniously ejected. Along the way we gain insight into a question that is of growing concern to citizens the world over: what's on your plate?

Looks at some of the scientific aspects of food, including the chemistry involved in cooking a turkey, the nutritional benefits of cooking, and how taste works.

When a marketing executive for a huge burger chain finds a nasty secret ingredient in their burger recipe, he goes to the ranches and slaughterhouses of Colorado to investigate and finds that the truth is sometimes difficult to swallow.

Also available in: e-video

Americans' right to access fresh, healthy foods of their choice is under attack. Farmageddon tells the story of small, family farms that were providing safe, healthy foods to their communities and were forced to stop, sometimes through violent action, by agents of misguided government bureaucracies, and seeks to figure out why.

Narrated by Katie Couric, the film blows the lid off everything that was known about food and exercise, revealing a 30-year campaign by the food industry, aided by the U.S. government, to mislead and confuse the American public. Exposing the hidden truths contributing to one of the largest health epidemics in history, it follows a group of families battling to lead healthier lives and reveals why the conventional wisdom of 'exercise and eat right' is not ringing true for millions of people.

Frontline investigates the dangerous pathogens in meat, particularly in chicken.

          Loesje Poland        
Polska grupa Loesje

          Młodzi pracownicy chcą zmieniać pracę        
Na temat trudności przedsiębiorstw z pozyskiwaniem i zatrzymaniem w organizacji młodych pracowników, należących do pokolenia Y, napisano już wiele. Jednak poszukując najlepszych rozwiązań, pracodawcy często zapominają, że tzw. millenialsi to nie tylko obecni studenci, ale również doświadczeni pracownicy po trzydziestce, przygotowujący się do objęcia pierwszego stanowiska menedżerskiego. Zdaniem ekspertów Hays Poland, taka postawa może wkrótce pozbawić firmy wielu utalentowanych, przyszłych liderów biznesu.
          Check out some photos from the Bermuda International Film Festival!        
Randi returned from a great trip to Bermuda for the 2009 Bermuda International Film Festival! Check out some of her photos....

Snacking on the must-have Bermuda favorite, fish sandwich on raisin bread!
Claire Varney of CTV, David Poland with Movie City News, and Dean with the Bermuda Fest

Enjoying Bermuda;s famous "Dark & Stormy's" cocktail at the local pub!
Nicole and Jo Roddick, Claire Varney of CTV, Randi Emerman - Executive Director of PBIFF and Chris Trela from "Guests of Cindy Sherman"

Getting in some beach time!
Chrisophe Van Rompaey - Director of MOSCOW, BELGIUM, Randi Emerman - Executive Director of PBIFF, Claire Varney of CTV, Peter Rainer of NPR
The European Commission declared on Monday 4 January that it would discuss the state of the rule of law in Poland after the country’s extreme-right government pushed through legislation placing the judiciary and the media under government control. In a move reminiscent of Hungary’s illiberal regime, the new Polish government is attempting to seize total control of the […]
          Are Magazine Apps like Games on the iPad or more like Books?        
Bloomberg Businessweek produced a pretty effective and straightforward app for the iPad earlier in the week. And it got predictably mixed reviews from the magazine app critics. Grudging and faint praise, at best. Here are some typical gripes from Techcrunch:

It is a perfectly serviceable magazine app. But it is underwhelming. There are no extra photos beyond what’s in the magazine, or even much in the area of additional multimedia other than a video intro every issue by one of the editors about how cover they chose the cover, and a couple audio interviews to accompany columns by Charlie Rose and Tom Keene. Erick Schonfeld Bloomberg Underwhelms with iPad App (Demo)

Erick Schonfeld's reaction here is very typical of the criticism that magazine apps tend to attract. The critics seem to assume that a magazine app should really be something else. Its got to be more than a magazine. Heck, otherwise what is the point? No extra photos, not enough additional multimedia, just the magazine..... It is as though the magazine app needs to be specially designed and uniquely conceived for the iPad platform. In much the same way that computer games need to be adapted and versioned for the hardware platform on which the game will be played.

We should look more closely at this question of what else a magazine app ought to be, other than the print magazine. But, first, consider how unusual this approach is. Content publishers do not, for the most part, look at the iPad and say, "How can we become something completely different on this device?" Hollywood does not think that films on the iPad need to be a qualitatively different entity from the film that one might see in a cinema or via a DVD. The point is rather that via the iPad the consumer gets an experience which is in someways pretty much as good as having the art-house experience (or not quite as good as, which is why we still like going out of an evening). Book publishers are not expecting books on the iPad to be qualitatively different from the books that get published on paper. Can you envisage the fury that would result if the Stieg Larsson books were not the same in their iPad editions as they are in print? Throw in an extra chapter? Have an extra deviation in the plot, an optional app-loop with more time in Australia or Poland, or additional detail on how to apply or remove tattoos, handcuffs, ride motorbikes etc? Publishers and readers are pretty sceptical about iPad app books that merely chuck in various bits of video/visual over-matter, or even passages with the author reading the book. These so-called 'enhanced editions' have something of the air of cosmetic surgery. Messing the book up is not going to do anybody any good, the sag lines show up pretty fast. Why should we not expect magazines on the iPad to be magazines? Just as we expect films to be films? The Exact Editions platform does support and facilitate bonus media for publishers who wish to make their magazines more interactive and use multi-media elements, but it is not clear that this is what readers expect from their apps. Most magazine publishers are sensibly enough avoiding the gimmicks, but many self-appointed app experts, consider that magazines should be something different. Qualitatively better on the iPad and radically different.

There are things magazine apps can do better than print magazines, for the most part these are qualities that come from having a digital magazine. They are not specifically iPad/appy tricks and affordances. And Bloomberg Businessweek certainly gets some of these things right:
  1. The app carries with it an archive of previously published issues
  2. The app supports search across the archive
  3. The app is free to existing print subscribers (for its loyal customers the iPad app is a jolly good bonus -- making that work for your readers is simply good publishing)
  4. The app has significant potential for sharing and commenting (email, Twitter and Facebook)
  5. Bloomberg provide real-time news and share price feeds linked to mentions in the articles, for all the major corporations with stock ticker labels.
  6. This is an app with the potential to grow and evolve in interesting ways
Bloomberg have done a pretty good job with their first iteration of the iPad app of the magazine. Bloomberg Businessweek should not be judged by the standards of Angrybirds or Mad Skills Motocross. There are some problems (yes, mistakes) with the Bloomberg Businessweek app, but a lot of magazines would do well to take a good look at the solution they have come up with.
          Alert Notice 398: Eclipse of epsilon Aurigae        
July 10, 2009

The bright, long-period, eclipsing binary star epsilon Aurigae is predicted to begin its next eclipse late July or early August of 2009. The AAVSO is participating in a global campaign to record this eclipse as part of the International Year of Astronomy 2009 celebrations, organized by the Citizen Sky project ( Epsilon Aurigae is now past solar conjunction and has reappeared as a morning object. All observers -- both visual and instrumental -- are encouraged to contribute observations of the eclipse during the next two years, beginning immediately for morning observers.  Observations are urgently requested right now because it is less likely to be observed in the morning, and the eclipse will begin within the next month.

Epsilon Aurigae is a bright (V ~ 3.0 out of eclipse), northern eclipsing variable with a known period of 27.12 years.  Eclipses have a duration of several hundred days.  It is not currently clear what the eclipsing object is, although the leading theory is that it is a massive, opaque dust disk surrounding either a single massive secondary star, or a pair of stars in a tight orbit.  Observations obtained during this eclipse will help us to refine the properties of this enigmatic system.

Visual observers are particularly encouraged to observe epsilon Aurigae. For experienced observers, please observe this star on a weekly basis, using charts available via VSP from the AAVSO website.  For novice observers, we recommend participating in this observing program by following the Citizen Sky 10-Star tutorial program, which provides a simple training experience in variable star observing.  The 10-star tutorial is available at the following website:

Instrumental observers of all kinds are also requested to take part. Photoelectric observers belonging to the AAVSO PEP-V program may submit data as usual via the WebObs feature of the Blue&Gold section of the AAVSO website. Photoelectric observers may also contribute reduced observations in all filters (including infrared J- and H-bands) directly to the AAVSO via WebObs, and we note that Dr. Robert Stencel (Denver U.) and Jeff Hopkins (HP Observatory) are co-leading the precision photometry efforts in collaboration with Citizen Sky.

Observers using wide-field CCD and DSLR systems are also encouraged to participate. Epsilon Aurigae is a bright object, and care must be taken not to saturate the star. For those with narrower-field systems (D < 2 degrees), we recommend taking a large number (10-100) of very short exposures and then stack the resulting images. This will allow you to observe the variable without saturating, but also to detect and photometer the fainter comparison stars (V < 9) in the near field. For those with wide-field systems or DSLR cameras, we recommend using lambda Aurigae for the comparison star, and eta Aurigae as the check star.

More information about epsilon Aurigae photometric techniques is available here:

Please post questions to the Citizen Sky Forums:

Dr. Arne Henden will be on hand to take your questions about this project via a live web chat on the AAVSO/Citizen Sky web sites July 10 at 1pm EST (-4UT). A transcript will be posted after the chat is concluded.

The following observations of epsilon Aurigae were submitted to the AAVSO during the past seven days:

JD 2455015.5785 (2009 July 3.0785), m(vis)=2.9 (S. Baroni, Italy);
JD 2455016.42361 (July 3.9236), m(vis)=2.9 (V. Makela, Finland);
JD 2455018.42014 (July 5.9201), m(vis)=3.0 (Makela);
JD 2455019.8757 (July 7.3757), m(vis)=3.0 (M. Bradbury, United States);
JD 2455021.5653 (July 9.0653), m(vis)=3.0 (Baroni);
JD 2455022.54167 (July 10.0417), m(vis)=3.05 (S. Swierczynski, Poland).

The J2000 equatorial coordinates of epsilon, lambda, and eta Aurigae are as follows:

        epsilon -- RA: 05:01:58.13 , Dec: +43:49:23.9
                V = 2.98 , (B-V) = +0.54 , (U-B) = +0.32

        lambda  -- RA: 05:19:08.48 , Dec: +40:05:56.6
                V = 4.71 , (B-V) = +0.62 , (U-B) = +0.12

        eta     -- RA: 05:06:30.89 , Dec: +41:14:04.1
                V = 3.17 , (B-V) = -0.18 , (U-B) = -0.67 

Charts for epsilon Aurigae may be obtained from the following links:

Advanced visual observers: Please use VSP as your source for charts --

Beginning and naked-eye observers: Please download and print the following chart from Citizen Sky:

[broken link]

Instrumental observers: A chart that includes both epsilon Aurigae and its closest comparison star is available at this link:

[broken link]

This AAVSO Alert Notice was prepared by M. Templeton on behalf of A. Price, R. Stencel, and J. Hopkins of Citizen Sky.



Information on submitting observations to the AAVSO may be found at‭:‬


An Alert Notice archive is available at the following URL‭:‬

Subscribing and Unsubscribing may be done at the following URL‭:‬

Please support the AAVSO and its mission -- join or donate today:

          Kiwi attacked in Poland before being dumped across border        
A New Zealander visiting Poland has been reportedly beaten and robbed in a daylight attack that ended when he was dumped across the country's border into Slovakia. The incident happened on Sunday, about 1.30pm local time, in the...
          Our ongoing commitment to support computer science educators in Europe        

The need for employees with computer science (CS) and coding skills is steadily increasing in Europe—by 4 percent every year between 2006 and 2016 according to DigitalEurope.  But educators are struggling to keep up with the demand, often because they lack the professional development, confidence and resources to successfully teach their students. 

Because of these challenges, we’re working to increase the availability of quality computer science education and access to CS skills by empowering CS teachers globally. We’ve recently launched new support in Europe, the Middle East and Africa through CS4HS, a program to fund universities and nonprofits designing and delivering rigorous computer science professional development for teachers.

We’re excited to be working with 79 organizations worldwide, and 28 in the EMEA region, who are committed to increasing the technical and teaching skills of educators, and building communities of ongoing learning. We believe that these organizations are committed to delivering high-quality teacher professional development programs with a deep impact in their local community and a strong potential to increase their reach.

Classroom image

Growing the community of computer science educators  

Over the past 10 years, CS4HS has contributed $10 million to professional development (PD) providers around the world to help develop and empower teachers—like Catrobat, a non-profit initiative based at Graz University of Technology in Austria who created a free online course for students and teachers, and the University of Wolverhampton, who created a free MOOC to empower teachers of computing to teach programming in the new computing syllabuses in England, among others.

We’re excited to support new and future CS educators around the world. Even though computer science is a relatively new discipline for most schools, the enthusiasm is growing and teachers have a critical role to play in fueling their students’ interest and participation. These grants will help universities and nonprofits reach educators with PD opportunities that enhance their CS and technical skills development, improve their confidence in the classroom, and provide leadership training so that they can be advocates for CS education in their communities.

2017 awardees in EMEA

Asociatia Techsoup Romania

Ideodromio, Cyprus

Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Informatica, Italy

Lithuanian Computer Society

Dublin City University, Ireland

Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland

EduACT, Greece

Graz University of Technology, Austria

University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Asociatia Tech Lounge, Romania

Association Rural Internet Access Points, Lithuania

University of Wolverhampton, UK

Universidad de Granada, Spain

University UMK Toruń, Poland

Hasselt University, Belgium

Jednota školských informatiků, Czech Republic

University of Lille - Science and Technology, France

University of Roehampton, UK

University of Urbino, Italy

ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Vattenhallen Science Center, Lund University, Sweden

University College of Applied Sciences, Palestine

Hapa Foundation, Ghana

Let’s Get Ready, Cameroon

Swaziland Foundation for STEM Education

Laikipia University, Kenya


Peo Ya Phetogo in partnership with University of the Western Cape & Mozilla Foundation, South Africa

To discover more about CS opportunities near you, explore our educator resources, student programs and resources, and tools.

          Dunkirk: A Riveting Film of War and Survival        
Of all the battles of World War II, Dunkirk is among the most important—and least discussed. While the German invasion of Poland, the attack on Pearl Harbor, Stalingrad, D-Day, and the bombing o ... - Source:
          Komentar di 520 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Skotlandia Pilihan oleh 341 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Mesir Pilihan -        
[…] ← 520 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Skotlandia Pilihan392 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Polandia Pilihan → Cari untuk: […]
          Komentar di 341 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Mesir Pilihan oleh 392 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Polandia Pilihan -        
[…] ← 341 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Mesir Pilihan337 Nama Bayi Laki Laki Persia Pilihan → […]
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-18-2015 with 99        

Andrew Bird- Far From Any Road Be My Hand - Things Are Really Great Here Sort Of
Great Lake Swimmers- With Every Departure - A Forest Of Arms
Clap Your Hands Say Yeah- Clap Your Hands - Clap Your Hands Say Yeah 10th Anniversary Edition
Pascale Comelade Les Liminanas- Dick Dale Netait Pas De Bompas - Traite De Guitarres Triolectiques
Father John Misty- I Love You Honeybear - I Love You Honeybear
Pardon Kimura- SnowCovered Volcano - Frozen Hawaii
Spanglish Fly- New York Soul - Latin Soul Y Bugal EP
- voicebreak -
A Tribe Called Red- Suplex feat Northern Voice - Suplex EP
The Specials- Enjoy Yourself Its Later Than You Think 2002 Remastered Version - More Specials
Phil Pratt- African Communication - Star Wars Dub
Rabbit Rabbit- Swallow Me Whole - Rabbit Rabbit Radio Vol 2 Swallow Me Whole
First Aid Kit- Heavy Storm - The Big Black The Blue
Fort Knox Five- Mission To The Sitars - Pressurize The Cabin
Compilation- Go Cart - Globalista Radio Sensual Sonores
Mr Scruff- Where Am I - Friendly Bacteria
Dengue Fever- Ghost Voice - The Deepest Lake
Chui Wan- Beijing Is Sinking - Chui Wan
- voicebreak -
Mandeng Eletrik- CyberFula - Mandeng Eletrik
Daym Arocena- Madres - Nueva Era
Sun Ra- Have You Heard The Latest News From Neptune - Marshall Allen Presents Sun Ra And His Arkestra In The Orbit Of Ra
- voicebreak -
Bonobo- Brace Brace - Black Sands Remixed
Various Artists- Land Of Nowhere - Dub Out Of Poland Vol2
- voicebreak -
People Like Us- Happy Lost Songs - Welcome Abroad
Meat Puppets- Up On The Sun - Up On The Sun
King Missile- Cheesecake Truck - Mystical Shit Fluting On The Hump
Bomba Estreo- Amanecer - Amanecer
James Brown- Super Bad remix By Cornelius - Ultimate Remixes
- voicebreak -
Henry Threadgill Zooid- In For A Penny In For A Pound Opening - In For A Penny In For A Pound
Jaga Jazzist- Going Down - A Living Room Hush
- Rock n Robot By Kim And Buran - Russkie Wigout Demented Surfelectroexotica From Behind The Iron Curtain
- voicebreak -
Dom La Nena- Volto J - Soyo
Various Artists- Andres Landero Y Su Conjunto La Pava Congono - Beginners Guide To Cumbia
Dave Lombardo DJ Spooky- BSide Wins Again Acappella Version - BSide Wins Again EP

playlist URL:
          Drupal Global Sprint Weekend January 28, 2017 and January 29, 2017        

Small local sprints everywhere (well, not everywhere, but anywhere) will be held during the weekend of January 28 and 29 2017. Listed alphabetically by continent, country, locality (state, province, city; where applicable).

Sprint Locations


  1. Remote sprint with an Accessibility focus - join the remotesprint Slack group for more. You need to join the Drupal Slack Group first (it's a lovely excuse to join if you never have)


  1. ?


  1. India

    1. Mohali, Chandigarh- Jan 28 - Details
    2. Gurgaon, Delhi-NCR - Jan 28 - Details
    3. Chennai, Tamil Nadu - Jan 28 -, Meetup
    4. Bangalore, Karnataka - Jan 28 -, Meetup
    5. Hyderabad, Telangana - Jan 28 -, Meetup


  1. Canberra, #govCMS Camp, Jan 30-31 Register & details


  1. Belgium

    1. Ghent, Jan 28th, Belgian DUG & Calibrate - details
  2. Bulgaria

    1. Sofia Jan 29 BulDUG - initLab Details
  3. Germany

    1. Berlin Jan 28-29 Drupal Berlin Details
  4. Italy

    1. Milan Jan 28 @Wellnet Details and application
  5. Russia

    1. Novosibirsk Jan 28-29 DrupalSib (Details will follow)
  6. Switzerland

    1. Zurich Jan 28 @ AmazeeLabs Meetup details
  7. United Kingdom

    1. London Jan 28 @Manifesto Digital Details
    2. Sheffield Jan 28-29 by Drupal Yorkshire, Union St & Magnetic Phield Details
  8. Netherland

    1. Amsterdam Jan 28-29 Details
  9. Hungary

    1. Budapest Jan 28 @Cheppers Details
  10. Poland

    1. Wroclaw Jan 28 @Ratio Web; details, FB
    1. Warsaw Jan 28 @New Emma Hostel; details, FB
  11. Serbia

    1. Novi Sad, Jan 28 @Develomon, details:
  12. Spain

    1. Cáceres, Jan 28th, details
    2. Bilbao, Jan 28th, details
    3. Sevilla, Jan 28th, details
  13. Slovenia

    1. Ljubljana, Jan 28 @ Agiledrop, details: g.d.o, Meetup

Latin America

  1. Argentina
    1. Buenos Aires, Jan 28th, @MediaMonks details
  2. Perú
    1. Lima, Jan 28th, CTIC-UNI details

Canada & US

  1. Canada
    1. Toronto, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
    2. London, Ontario, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
    3. Vancouver, BC, Canada - Jan 27 @ 5pm - Jan 28 - Details
  2. US
    1. Georgia, Atlanta - Jan 28-29 - Details
    2. Massachusetts, Boston - Jan 28-29 - Details
    3. North Carolina, Charlotte - Jan 28 - Details
    4. Texas, Austin - Jan 28-29 - Details
    5. NYC, New York - Jan 28 - Details

To contribute

This is a wiki page. Please edit.

To participate

  • use "Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017" in the description of your sprint meetup, sprint camp session, mini-sprint, wind-sprint, or all-day sprint, like: "Drupal All-day Sprint in Anywhere Town, IL, USA is part of Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017."
  • add a link to your sprint on this page. The link can be to a website, meetup, event on, blog post or whatever is appropriate for your event.
  • link back to this listing of local sprints
  • add an "event" of type "sprint" on in a group for your area, to put your sprint on and get exposure to people in your area
  • use the #SprintWeekend hash tag on twitter
  • use the tag "SprintWeekend2017" on d.o issues (no # in this tag name!)

Suggested announcement

A blurb to add to your session/event description (edit to fit your event):

Everyone is welcome; if you have built a site in Drupal, you can contribute. We will split into groups and work on Drupal core issues. Bring your laptop. For new folks: you can get a head start also by making an account on, getting some contribution tools, and developers can install git before coming and git clone Drupal 8 core.

Resources to help plan your sprint

Resources for participating in a sprint

(needs updating for 2017, but this is a start)

Issues and Topics to Sprint On

Initiative leads and module maintainers should create and link to planning pages.

Past global sprints

The curious might want to see the locations from 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013.

          Inside Ukraine's Jewish-themed Restaurant, Where Diners Are Encouraged to Bargain for Their Food        

The Ukrainian city of Lviv, also known as L’vov or Lemberg, has a rich but complicated past. On the eve of World War II, the city was home to the third-biggest Jewish population in what was then Poland, behind Warsaw and Lodz. Then came a familiar story: Nazi occupation, pogroms, a ghetto, and concentration camps, and finally the Soviets took over and erased whatever traces of Jewish life remained. The past remains a painful subject in Lviv, and there have been few public efforts to deal with the city’s dark Jewish history. And so a young Ukrainian entrepreneur sensed an opportunity. He opened Under the Golden Rose, a theme restaurant that he says honors the city’s Jewish past. It’s a place where diners are given hats with peyes attached, nibble on matzoh, and are encouraged to haggle over food prices—and so few of Lviv’s remaining Jews see it that way. Producer Daniel Estrin filed this report.

Continue reading "Inside Ukraine's Jewish-themed Restaurant, Where Diners Are Encouraged to Bargain for Their Food" at...

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 11-28-2014 with 99 & Barry        

- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
Seu Jorge- America Do Norte - America Brasil O Disco
The Shaolin Afronauts- To The Water - Follow The Path
Hailu Mergia The Walias- Tche Belew - Tche Belew
Ceramic Dog- Mr Pants Goes To Hollywood - Your Turn
Cambodian Space Project- Whiskey Cambodia - Whiskey Cambodia
- voicebreak -
- Throat Singing - Music From The Mountain Provinces
- Track 4 - Forbidden Gang Funk From Rio De Janeiro
Family Atlantica- Tamunangue Blues - Family Atlantica
The Book Of Knots- Drosophila Melanogaster - Garden Of Fainting Stars
The Books- Smells Like Content - Lost And Safe
People Like Us- Once A Pun A Time - Dont Think Right Its All Twice
Renee And Renata- Its A Lovely Day - Music For Mentalists
- Steel Plate - Invasion Of The Mysteron Killer Sounds
Tony Allen- Afo Kunffu Beat - Film Of Life Deluxe Edition
Jon Batiste Chad Smith Bill Laswell- Black Arc - The Process
Tony Malaby Cello Trio- Warblepeck - Warblepeck
John Zorn- Blind Owl And Buckwheats - Valentines Day
Bill Frisell- Turn Turn Turn - Guitar In The Space Age
Blind Idiot God- Clockwork Dub - Undertow
Shahram Shabpareh- Prison Song - Persian Funk
Kassa Tssma- Tezeta - thiopiques 29 Mastawesha
Roberto Musci Giovanni Venosta- Batida De Coca - Messages Portraits
Nelson Y Sus Estrellas- Aguardiente Y Pollo - Rough Guide To Latin Rare Groove Vol 1
La Sucursal De La Cumbia- Rtmo Popular - Cumbia A Domicilio
John Hodgman W Jonathon Coulton- 700 Hobo Names - 700 Hobo Names
Substacja- Twister - Dub Out Of Poland 3

playlist URL:
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 01-10-2014 with 99 & Barry        

Gary Lucas- Casino Royale - Cinefantastique
Daniel Johnston- Aint No Woman Gonna Make A George Jones Out Of Me - Welcome To My World
Emily Wells- Whiskey And Rags - Dirty
Psapp- In The Black - What Makes Us Glow Deluxe Edition
Buck 65- Surrender To Strangeness - Secret House Against The World
Big Foot Torso- Led To Believe - Led To Believe
- voicebreak -
Fanga- I Go On Without You feat Winston McAnuff - Sira Ba
Burning Spear- The Invasion Black WaDaDa - Marcus Garvey Garveys Ghost
Birdy Nam Nam- Shut Up - Manual For Successful Rioting
Rodrigo Brando- Atoanagaroa - Daora Underground Sounds Of Urban Brasil HipHop Beats Afro Dub Deluxe Edition
Heiner Goebbels Heiner Mller- Mitleid In Peru Compassion In Peru - Der Mann Im Fahrstuhl The Man In The Elevator
Don Cherry Latif Khan- Untitled Inspiration From Home - Music Sangam
- voicebreak -
Herbie Hancock- Tomorrow Never Knows feat Dave Matthews - The Imagine Project
African Head Charge- In I Head - Voodoo Of The Godsent Bonus Track Version
Secret Chiefs 3 Ishraqiyun- Tistrya - Book Of Souls Folio A
Los Shalers- Amame Dos Veces - Los Nuggetz 60s Punk Pop And Psychedelic From Latin America
Screamin Jay Hawkins- Alligator Wine - The Crazy World Of Screamin Jay Hawkins
Papa Mali- Early In The Morning - Do Your Thing
- voicebreak -
People Like Us- Free Rod MckMoon - Dont Think Right Its All Twice
Chenard Walcker- Where The Wild Things Are - Middle
- Bot Shekkan - Goush Bedey Psychedelia And Pop From The Iranian Prerevolution Generation
Dom Thomas- Shes My Girl - Micellaneous Mutant Mishaps
Bryan The Haggards- Fightin Side Of Me - Merles Just Want To Have Fun feat Dr Eugene Chadbourne
Zoogz Rift- Villagers - Villagers
- voicebreak -
Koby Israelite- The Dreams Thief Suite Pt 3 - Blues From Elsewhere
Zahava Seewald Michal Grbil- From My Mothers House Version 2 - From My Mothers House
Juana Molina- De Algun Instinto Animal - Wed 21
PSILOSAMPLES- Meteorango Kid - Daora Underground Sounds Of Urban Brasil HipHop Beats Afro Dub Deluxe Edition
Polyrhythmics- Moon Cabbage - Libra Stripes
Frank Zappa The Mothers Of Invention- Sofa No 2 - One Size Fits All
The Chinese Fighters- Kung Fu NKy - Kung Fu Fighting
Hypnotic Brass Ensemble- City Livin - Fly The Customs Prelude
Dokaka- Yamada - Human Interface
The John Buzon Trio- Mr Ghost Goes To Town - Mr Ghost Goes To Town
Ennio Morricone- Fondante Paure - Crime And Dissonance
SmokeDaCrack OFF- Rzeczywisto - Dub Out Of Poland 3

playlist URL:
          Western values are superior        
Here’s part of President Donald Trump’s recent speech in Poland: “The fundamental question of our time is whether the West has the will to survive. Do we have the confidence in our values to defend them at any cost? Do we have enough respect for our citizens to protect our borders? Do we have the [...]
          36% Polaków uważa, że aby grillować, nie trzeba znać się na gotowaniu        
Majówka to idealny pretekst do tego, by przenieść posiłki na świeże powietrze i rozpocząć sezon grillowy. W badaniu „Grillowe zwyczaje Polaków”, przeprowadzonym na zlecenie Coca-Cola Poland Services, aż 81% ankietowanych przyznało, że przynajmniej raz grillowało w ciągu roku.
          Coca-Cola na FRSiH: Widzimy ogromny potencjał innowacyjności w branży napojowej        
-Firma Coca-Cola nie tylko na rynkach Europy Zachodniej, ale także w Polsce podąża za trendami. Obecnie w branży napojowej widoczna jest tendencja obniżania de facto kaloryczności produktów. Nasze portfolio dostosowujemy do oczekiwań konsumentów i będziemy budować kategorię napojów o obniżonej kaloryczności – mówił Mikołaj Ciaś, Zastępca Dyrektora Generalnego w Coca-Cola Poland Service, podczas debaty „Przyszłość branży napojowej – między tradycją a innowacją”, w ramach IX Forum Rynku Spożywczego i Handlu 2016.
          Anna Solarek nowym dyrektorem w Coca-Cola Poland Services        
Anna Solarek po dziesięciu latach pracy w Coca-Cola Poland Services awansowała na public affairs &amp; communications directora odpowiedzialnego za Polskę i rynki bałtyckie. Przez ostatni rok zajmowała stanowisko public affairs &amp; communications managera - podały
          Dyrektor Coca-Coli o wzrostach na rynku napojów i flagowej marce: Ten rok będzie jeszcze lepszy!        
- Można się spodziewać dalszego wzrostu rynku napojów bezalkoholowych w Polsce. W 2015 roku rosły wszystkie kategorie, a kategoria wody rosła jako jedna z wiodących. W tym roku też obserwujemy wzrosty – według danych za lipiec rok do roku o blisko 4 proc. w ujęciu wartościowym i 3 proc. w ujęciu wolumenowym. Mamy w tym wzroście swój udział - mówi w rozmowie z, Lana Popović, dyrektor generalna Coca-Cola Poland Services Sp. z o.o.
          Coca-Cola z istotnymi zmianami w strategii marketingowej i nowymi produktami        
Nowa strategie marketingowe, innowacje i inwestycje w Polsce - o tym podczas Europejskiego Kongresu Gospodarczego w Katowicach opowiadała serwisowi Anna Jakubowski, dyrektor generalna Coca-Cola Poland.
          Coca-Cola Poland Services: Mikołaj Ciaś nowym dyrektorem marketingu        
Mikołaj Ciaś został nowym dyrektorem marketingu w Coca-Cola Poland Services. Jest odpowiedzialny za stworzenie i realizacje strategii marketingowych dla wszystkich marek z portfolio firmy w Polsce.
          Coca-Cola Poland Services z nowym menadżerem        
Bartosz Węgłowski objął stanowisko connection strategy &amp; media managera w Coca-Cola Poland Services - podaje serwis
          Anna Jakubowski, dyrektor generalna Coca-Cola Poland Services - pełny wywiad        
- Stale widzę ogromny potencjał dla rynku napojów w Polsce - mówi w wywiadzie dla serwisu, Anna Jakubowski, dyrektor generalna Coca-Cola Poland Services.
          Dyrektor Coca-Coli: Stale widzę ogromny potencjał dla rynku napojów w Polsce        
- Stale widzę ogromny potencjał dla rynku napojów w Polsce. Jest to jednak bardzo konkurencyjny rynek, na którym funkcjonują jednocześnie międzynarodowe koncerny oraz lokalni producenci. Aby stale się rozwijać trzeba mieć klarowną strategię, dobrze zorganizowane zarządzanie, fachowy zespół pracowników oraz dobre relacje z odbiorcami - mówi serwisowi, Anna Jakubowski, dyrektor generalna Coca-Cola Poland Services.
          Dyrektor Coca-Coli: Planujemy utrzymać pozycję lidera rynku napojów        
- Utrzymujemy pozycję lidera na rynku napojów w ujęciu wartościowym, w tym co dla nas szczególnie ważne, lidera w kategorii napojów gazowanych ze swoją sztandarową marką Coca-Cola na czele. Planujemy tę pozycję utrzymać - mówi serwisowi, Anna Jakubowski, dyrektor generalna Coca-Cola Poland Services.
          Nowa manager w Coca-Cola Poland Services        
We wrześniu 2014 roku Marit Kroon objęła funkcję Senior Stills Activation Managera w Coca-Cola Poland Services. Na nowym stanowisku odpowiada za budowanie strategii całej kategorii napojów niegazowanych w Coca-Cola Poland Services.
          Coca-Cola Poland Services ma nowego rzecznika prasowego        
Coca-Cola Poland Services ma nowego rzecznika prasowego. 1 kwietnia 2014 roku Iwona Zaczek rozpoczęła pracę na stanowisku Public Affairs and Communications Manager w Coca-Cola Poland Services. Zastąpiła na tym stanowisku Beatę Ptaszyńską-Jedynak, która zakończyła współpracę z firmą z końcem 2013 roku.
          Coca-Cola wprowadza na polski rynek znaną markę napojów funkcjonalnych        
Coca-Cola Poland Services wprowadziła na polski rynek Glaceau vitaminwater, jedną z najbardziej znanych na świecie markę napojów funkcjonalnych.
          KARCZOWNIK F-54 PRO, frezarka do pni napęd z WOM ciągnika        
OFERUJEMY frezarki służące do usuwania pniaków ściętych drzew. Maszyny napędzane z WOM ciągnika rolniczego i zawieszane są na trójpunktowym układzie zawieszenia kategorii 1 lub 2. Sterowanie pracą tarczy frezującej odbywa się przy pomocy dwóch siłowników hydraulicznych umocowanych do ramienia maszyny. W oferowanej wersji frezarki F-54 PRO operator steruje pracą maszyny ze stanowiska sterowniczego które można umieścić z boku ciągnika . Dzięki tej opcji produkcyjnej operator posiada lepsze pole widzenia frezowanego obiektu oraz jest w stanie wykonać pracę dokładniej i szybciej. Napęd tarczy tnącej odbywa się za pomocą przekładni kątowej połączonej wałkiem odbioru mocy z ciągnikiem. W zestawie znajduje się wałek ze sprzęgłem zabezpieczającym -zabezpieczenie zrywalne. *Model - F-54 PRO *Zalecana moc ciągnika - 30-50 KM *Średnica tarczy frezującej - około 60 cm *Ilość frezów - 54 szt. *Typ freza - Węglik spiekany przylutowany do stalowej bazy *Obroty WOM / min - max. 540 *Obroty tarczy - 95 obr. / min *Wysokość frezowania - około 40cm *Głębokość frezowania - około 20 cm *Max. głębokość robocza cięcia przy natarciu na materiał - około 15cm *Max. zasięg tarczy w poziomie - około 60 cm *Zakres ruchu ramienia - 40° *Wymagany układ zawieszenia - Kat.l lub ll Kat. III produkowana za dopłatą *Masa frezarki - 320kg OPCJE DODATKOWE PRODUKOWANE NA ZAMóWIENIE Układ zawieszenia kategorii 3. Dodatkowe podpory zawieszenia frezarki sterowane hydraulicznie . Udzielamy 12 mcy gwarancji na oferowane przez nas artykuły. Zamówiony towar wysyłamy firmą spedycyjną. ZAPRASZAMY DO ODBIORU OSOBISTEGO ZACHĘCAMY DO ODWIEDZENIA NASZEJ STRONY KATALOGOWEJ: POLEXIM - Import-Eksport POLAND 36-203 Izdebki 609 woj. Podkarpackie Tel/Fax 0048 13 43 99 355 Tel Kom. +48 606 358 756; +48 602 436 49
          KARCZOWNIK frezarka do pni napęd z WOM ciągnika 30-50 KM        
OFERUJEMY frezarki służące do usuwania pniaków ściętych drzew. Maszyny napędzane z WOM ciągnika rolniczego i zawieszane są na trójpunktowym układzie zawieszenia kategorii 1 lub 2. Sterowanie pracą tarczy frezującej odbywa się przy pomocy dwóch siłowników hydraulicznych umocowanych do ramienia maszyny. W oferowanej wersji frezarki F-54 operator steruje pracą maszyny z kabiny ciągnika przy pomocy rozdzielaczy w które fabrycznie został uzbrojony ciągnik. Napęd tarczy tnącej odbywa się za pomocą przekładni kątowej połączonej wałkiem odbioru mocy z ciągnikiem. W zestawie znajduje się wałek ze sprzęgłem zabezpieczającym -zabezpieczenie zrywalne. *Model - F-54 *Zalecana moc ciągnika - 30-50 KM *Średnica tarczy frezującej - około 60 cm *Ilość frezów - 54 szt. *Typ freza - Węglik spiekany przylutowany do stalowej bazy *Obroty WOM / min - max. 540 *Obroty tarczy - 95 obr. / min *Wysokość frezowania - około 40cm *Głębokość frezowania - około 20 cm *Max. głębokość robocza cięcia przy natarciu na materiał - około 15cm *Max. zasięg tarczy w poziomie - około 60 cm *Zakres ruchu ramienia - 40° *Wymagany układ zawieszenia - Kat.l lub ll Kat. III produkowana za dopłatą * Masa frezarki - 280kg OPCJE DODATKOWE PRODUKOWANE NA ZAMóWIENIE Istnieje możliwość wykonania sterowania zewnętrznego z boku maszyny. Operator ma wtedy o wiele lepsze pole widzenia i dokładniej może kontrolować pracę frezarki. Układ zawieszenia kategorii 3. Dodatkowe podpory zawieszenia frezarki sterowane hydraulicznie . Udzielamy 12 mcy gwarancji na oferowane przez nas artykuły. Zamówiony towar wysyłamy firmą spedycyjną. ZAPRASZAMY DO ODBIORU OSOBISTEGO ZACHĘCAMY DO ODWIEDZENIA NASZEJ STRONY KATALOGOWEJ: POLEXIM - Import-Eksport POLAND 36-203 Izdebki 609 woj. Podkarpackie Tel/Fax 0048 13 43 99 355 Tel Kom. +48 606 358 756; +48 602 436 498
          KARCZOWNIK, frezarka do pni napęd z silnika 13 kM        
OFERUJEMY frezarki do usuwania pniaków ściętych drzew, napędzane silnikiem czterosuwowym benzynowym OHV MARKI JANSEN Urządzenia wykorzystywane są najczęściej w firmach zajmujących się pielęgnacją terenów zielonych, zakładaniem ogrodów lub zieleńców itp. Tarcza frezująca napędzana jest przez silnik o mocy 13KM. W skład mechanizmu roboczego wchodzi tarcza z przykręconymi do niej metalowymi zębami. Na roboczej części zęba nałożona jest płytka wykonana z węglika spiekanego ( widii) której zadaniem jest nadanie wysokiej twardości ostrzu zęba frezującego. PARAMETRY TECHNICZNE - TARCZA TNĄCA: Stalowa, 12 wymiennych zębów, utwardzona , widiowana - SZEROKOŚĆ FREZOWANIA: 55mm - GŁĘBOKOŚĆ FREZOWANIA: 200mm - MASA: około 110 kg - SILNIK: 13 KM . Silnik benzynowy górnozaworowy czterosuwowy - CYLINDER: 390 ccm - PALIWO: Benzyna bezołowiowa (bak 6 litrów) - START: Rozruch ręczny - WYMIARY: 152x75x112 mm Udzielamy 12 mcy gwarancji na oferowane przez nas artykuły. Zamówiony towar wysyłamy firmą spedycyjną. ZAPRASZAMY DO ODBIORU OSOBISTEGO ZACHĘCAMY DO ODWIEDZENIA NASZEJ STRONY KATALOGOWEJ: POLEXIM - Import-Eksport POLAND 36-203 Izdebki 609 woj. Podkarpackie Tel/Fax 0048 13 43 99 355 Tel Kom. +48 606 358 756; +48 602 436 498
          A Romantic Soul of the Saint        
by Maria Borkowska          May 2, 2014 Poland’s deep night of captivity had continued for a very long time. In the midst of totalitarian oppression, when hope seemed extinguished, there appeared a sudden...
          North Korea Conducts New Missile Test        
Military sources in the US and South Korea say another Intercontinental Ballistic Missile has been fired in the direction of Japan, landing in the sea. This comes less than a month since the last North Korean missile launch. Also in the programme: Walter Shaub tells us why he resigned as head of the US independent Office of Government Ethics, and Europe's top court has ordered Poland to stop logging in an ancient forest. Picture: a man looks at images showing missile launches and military exercises. Credit: Ed Jones/AFP/Getty Images.
          Poland Advances Judicial Reforms        
Poland's Senate backs an overhaul of the Supreme Court, despite street protests and international warnings. EU MEP Philippe Lamberts reacts. Also in the programme: martial law in the Philippines and Sean Spicer, the satirist's view. (Picture: Protest in Adam Mickiewicz Park in Poznan, Poland 21 July 2017 against changes in the Polish judiciary Credit: EPA)
          Poland Leads World’s Business Reformers        
Six of the top 10 reformers in Doing Business 2013 are TOL countries – and Poland is top dog worldwide
          Indian Actresses Wallpaper        
Indian Actresses Wallpaper Biography

Katrina Kaif (born Katrina Turcotte on 16 July 1984) is a British Indian actress and former model who appears in Indian films, mainly in the Hindi film industry.She has also appeared in Telugu and Malayalam films. Being a British citizen, she works in India on an employment visa.
Kaif made her acting debut in 2003 with Kaizad Gustad's box office bomb Boom. In 2007, she earned commercial success with Vipul Shah's Namastey London and later earned public recognition for playing leading roles in such male-centric films as Partner (2007), Race (2007) and Singh Is Kinng (2008). Kaif subsequently played more prominent roles in such films as New York (2009), Rajneeti (2010), Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara (2011) and Ek Tha Tiger (2012) which was a huge success and the second highest-grossing Bollywood film. Despite earning mixed reviews from critics for her acting prowess, Kaif has emerged as a commercially one of the most successful actress of Hindi cinema.

Kaif was born in Hong Kong,to a British mother, Susanna Turcotte and a Kashmiri father.Her parents divorced when she was very young. Kaif once stated, "My dad, unfortunately, and not out of choice, has had no influence on our upbringing, on our religious or social or moral bearings. When she came to India, she changed her surname to Kaif, because it was Indian in origin and easier to pronounce.Furthermore, her first film Boom's producer, Ayesha Shroff has maintained that the actress' original name is Katrina Turcotte. She also claims that they gave her the Kashmiri father and also the surname Kaif after cricketer Mohammad Kaif as he was on top at that time. She adds that they also had thought her naming Katrina Kazi.From Hong Kong, she and her family moved to China, then to Japan. From there she went to France when she was 8, and thereafter lived for a few months at a time in Switzerland, Poland, Germany, Belgium, and other European countries. Then she moved with her family to Hawaii, and eventually to her mother's home country of England. Although it is often assumed that Kaif is from London, she lived there only for three years before finally moving to Mumbai.

Katrina Personal life including her relationships has been a great subject to the media. After years of speculations Katrina Kaif admitted in an 2011 interview for a magazine that she was in a serious relationship with actor Salman Khan for several years, which ended in 2010.
Religious views
Kaif has been to various religious places in India, including Hindu, Sikh and Islamic places of worship.She has been seen worshipping at Siddhivinayak temple, Hindu temples in Haridwar, Shirdi, Amritsar's Golden temple and Ajmer Sharif dargah.

Modeling and early film career (1998–2004)
Kaif began her modeling career at age fourteen; her first assignment was for a jewelry campaign. She continued modeling in London under a contract with the Models 1 Agency and did campaigns for houses such as La Senza and Arcadius, and even walked on the London Fashion Week.
Kaif's modeling work led to her discovery by London-based filmmaker Kaizad Gustad, who gave her a part in his film Boom (2003). The film, which starred Amitabh Bachchan and Gulshan Grover, failed to make an impact. She then moved to Mumbai and was offered a number of modeling assignments, but filmmakers were hesitant to cast Kaif due to her poor command of Hindi.
Breakthrough (2005–2006)
In 2005, Kaif made a cameo in Ram Gopal Verma's drama Sarkar, as Abhishek Bachchan's girlfriend. The same year, she landed her first major role in David Dhawan's adaptation of Cactus Flower, Maine Pyaar Kyun Kiya, where she was paired opposite Salman Khan. The film also featured Sushmita Sen, Arshad Warsi, Isha Koppikar and Sohail Khan in leading roles. Upon release, the film became a moderate success with Taran Adarsh, a prominent film critic, mentioning Kaif as a "complete revelation".The following year, she was paired opposite Akshay Kumar for the first time (she subsequently appeared alongside Kumar in a number of successful films throughout her career) in Raj Kanwar's box-office flop Humko Deewana Kar Gaye. However, for her portrayal of Jia A. Yashvardhan, Adarsh wrote, "Taking giant strides as an actor, Katrina is, without doubt, the star of the show. It's her magnetic presence and dependable performance that you carry home once the show has ended." The film has often been hailed as the major turnaround for the better in her career due to her performance.

Katrina Kaif at Book launch of Raajneeti - The Film & Beyond, 2012
In 2007, Kaif appeared in four films, all of which were successful at the box office. Her first release was Vipul Shah's romantic-comedy Namastey London. Kaif portrayed the character of a British Indian girl named Jasmeet "Jazz" Malhotra, alongside Rishi Kapoor, Akshay Kumar and Clive Standen. Upon its release, the film became a major hit, with Nikhat Kazmi, of the The Times Of India praising the chemistry between the leading couple. She next played a supporting role in Anil Sharma's melodrama Apne. Featuring Dharmendra, Sunny Deol, Bobby Deol, Kirron Kher and Shilpa Shetty, the film was a box-office hit.Her next release was David Dhawan's unofficial remake of Hitch, Partner, where she starred alongside Salman Khan, Govinda, and Lara Dutta. Her final film of 2007, Welcome, directed by Anees Bazmee and co-starring Akshay Kumar, Paresh Rawal and Anil Kapoor, was declared a blockbuster in India,despite negative reviews from critics.
Her first release of 2008 was Abbas-Mustan's action-thriller Race; she played Saif Ali Khan's secretary, Sophia, who is secretly in love with his hostile stepbrother (played by Akshay Khanna). The film also featured Anil Kapoor, Bipasha Basu and Sameera Reddy in leading roles. Despite its success, Kazmi wrote, "Katrina is too pale as the blousy secretary who comes into her own only when she gets seductive with a Touch me, kiss me tenor. "
Kaif was next seen in Anees Bazmee's action comedy Singh Is Kinng, portraying Akshay Kumar's love interest and Ranvir Shorey's fiancée. After its release, the film was declared a blockbuster, making it Kaif's sixth consecutive success at the box office. The movie also emerged as the third highest grossing film of 2008.Kaif's final release of the year, Subhash Ghai's Yuvvraaj, was a commercial failure,but its script made its way into the Library of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for artistic merit, original screenplay with a substance, and the film as a whole.
In 2009, she featured in Kabir Khan's terrorism drama New York, with John Abraham and Neil Nitin Mukesh. It was a critical and commercial success in both India and overseas.Kaif's performance was highly praised: Taran Adarsh wrote, "Katrina gives you the biggest surprise. Known for her glamour roles, Katrina proves that she can deliver if the director and writer offer her a role of substance. She's outstanding. In fact, people will see a new, different Katrina this time."For her performance, Kaif received her first Filmfare nomination in the Best Actress category.She next had a cameo in the star-studded action-thriller Blue, popularly known as India's first underwater thriller, with Akshay Kumar and Zayed Khan.However, it was declared a flop. In November 2009, she appeared along with Ranbir Kapoor, in Rajkumar Santoshi's blockbuster comedy Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani, as Jennifer Pinto. Critics mostly praised her fresh chemistry with Kapoor rather than her performance as a whole. Her final release that year was Priyadarshan's star-studded De Dana Dan with Akshay Kumar, Suniel Shetty, Paresh Rawal and Neha Dhupia. The film had a promising opening,although dropped in collections throughout the following days. Despite this, the film was a moderate commercial success, receiving an "above average" status at the domestic box office by Box Office India.
Recent work (2010-present)
Kaif's first release of 2010 was Prakash Jha's political thriller Raajneeti, where she appeared opposite Ranbir Kapoor and Arjun Rampal. The film was a modern-day adaptation of The Mahabharata set against the political backdrop of Delhi. Nana Patekar, Manoj Bajpai and Shruti Seth also played starring roles. Upon release, the film performed extremely well at the box office, and earned Kaif favourable reviews for her portrayal of the dynamic Indu Sakseria.A sequel of Rajneeti is expected to show Katrina Kaif as the queen sized politician.However Ranbir Kapoor would not be a part of the sequel.
Her final release that year was Farah Khan's brainless comedy Tees Maar Khan with Akshay Kumar.Despite receiving unanimous negative reviews from critics and audiences alike, the film was a moderate success at the box office, receiving "Semi Hit" status by Box Office India.However, Kaif's item number Sheila Ki Jawani became a major chartbuster.

Kaif (second from left) promoting ZNMD in Chandigarh with the cast of the film
In 2011, she was seen alongside Hrithik Roshan, Farhan Akhtar, Abhay Deol and Kalki Koechlin in Zoya Akhtar's dramedy Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara, which emerged as a major critical and commercial success. Kaif was praised for her portrayal of a fun-loving diving instructor Laila. Taran Adarsh wrote, "Katrina is a revelation...the actress continues tosurprise you with her performances in film after film."She next featured in Yash Raj Films' comedy Mere Brother Ki Dulhan opposite Imran Khan and Ali Zafar.The film was successful at the box office, and earned Kaif positive notice for her portrayal of vivacious punk-rock girl Dimple Dixit, with Rahul Gangwani saying "the film ultimately belongs to Katrina Kaif. She sparkles, sizzles and infuses energy into the film." Consequently, she received her second Filmfare nomination in the Best Actress category.
Kaif's first release of 2012 was Kabir Khan's spy thriller Ek Tha Tiger opposite ex-boyfriend Salman Khan. The film opened on 15 August 2012, broke many record and was a huge success commercially. As of August 2012, Kaif is set to appear in two high-profile productions under the Yash Raj Films banner such as Jab Tak Hai Jaan alongside Shah Rukh Khan and Anushka Sharma and Vijay Krishna Acharya's adventure film Dhoom 3 alongside Aamir Khan, Abhishek Bachchan, and Uday Chopra.
Voice dubbing
It should be noted that due to her poor knowledge of Hindi (and other Indian languages), Kaif's voice was often dubbed by dubbing artists such as Mona Ghosh Shetty. However, with the exception of De Dana Dan she has used her own voice for all of her films since New York. Earlier, she had dubbed for films like Namastey London and Singh Is Kinng.
Brand endorsements
In the year 2002, Katrina Kaif was chosen as Coca-Cola's brand ambassador in Tamil Nadu along with Tamil leading actor Vijay. The Coca-Cola advertisement was popular in Tamil Nadu, with Katrina Kaif and Vijay dancing to a Tamil song called "Gullu Gullu".She has also worked for several skin products companies, particularly Veet, as well as several multi-national brands, such as Panasonic Katrina is now the brand ambassador of the national airline of the United Arab Emirates – Etihad Airways.

Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper
Indian Actresses Wallpaper

          Couchsurfing, A Backpacker's Best Friend        
So I figured I'd drop one more non-baseball related blog on everyone before we start back up this week in preparation for the playoffs over here. I guess you could call this free advertising for, a site I've thoroughly enjoyed while become a member of while living overseas.

Couchsurfing is a network of people who are either traveling or able to host travelers throughout the world. It's become very popular here in Europe, where thousands of backpackers jump from one city to the next via train or bus throughout the "tourist" season from May to September, all the while seeking ways to save money where they can. Rather than pay for a hotel, or risk booking a hostel that might be a bit shady, they find hosts who are willing to put them up for free on a couch, pullout bed, in a spare room, and so forth. The hosts and surfers all have reviews written about them, so you're able to verify that everything is kosher, and everyone has a profile and photos much like you may find on Facebook or Myspace back in the day (whatever happened to Myspace? Talk about here today, gone tomorrow). They get to save the money they'd be spending on accommodation and put it towards enjoying the museums and cuisine in the various cities they are visiting, and hosts - especially lonely one's like me who are living alone some 5,000 miles from home - get to enjoy some company for a couple days.

I really enjoy hosting because I'm able to meet people from all over the world, play tour guide around the city (though I'm hardly perfect at that), take them out to where they can find some decent Czech cuisine and hit some night spots that they would enjoy.

My apartment isn't huge, I might drive them nuts with stories about baseball and with my dry, often ill-timed sense of humor, but I think that they appreciate a having a clean place to stay for a couple nights, the privacy of not having to use a community bathroom like they might have to use in a hostel, and the fact that I try and have some kind of breakfast for them in the morning before they hit the sites around Prague. Once I'm assured they're trustworthy, I'll pass them my spare set of keys, and I always give them a little cheat sheet I put together with how to get downtown and back to my place.

All I usually ask in return is for them to cook dinner if they're staying more than one night, because as everyone knows back home, I'm really not much of a cook; to be clean and let me know a general idea of what time they would be getting in should they hit the town and I stay in that night.

I've hosted folks from the U.S., Canada, Poland, Australia, Germany and Korea, and really enjoyed making friends that I'll keep in touch with, and may hit up for a couch myself one day. Next week, I'll be hosting folks from Hamburg, Germany for a couple nights, and it'll be the last time I'm able to host as I move up to the baseball facility the following week.

So while that will take me off the "host" list, I will look forward to continuing with the site as a surfer when I hit the road later this summer, in the fall and next year when I return for another season over here.
          The Good, Bad in Youth Ball        
The German Baseball Academy won the U14 PONY Qualifier at Tempo.
Last weekend at Tempo, our club hosted the U14 SUMA Open PONY League Qualifier, with the winner advancing to represent the European Zone in the World Series back in Pennsylvania in August.

While helping out with the tournament and watching a half-dozen or so games, I was reminded about the good and the bad with youth baseball in an age where young ballplayers are influenced by what they watch on television and the Internet. These young players have their development placed in the hands of their coaches, who are usually great role models and well-intentioned, but unfortunately also sometimes under-qualified and overzealous, focused too much on winning over development or biased towards the interests of their own kid they have playing on the team.

I enjoyed hanging around the tournament, where I met some American players and parents from the Landstuhl and Remstein military bases in Germany (I was born at Landstuhl, so that was pretty cool), who were my MVPs for the weekend after handing me some peanut butter and beef jerky, both of which are tough to find here in Prague. In addition, it was interesting to listen to while having no idea what was being said as coaches barked instructions to their teams from Germany, Moldova, Serbia, Poland, Romania and the Czech Republic, and I really enjoyed the sportsmanship and energy that players at that age bring to the yard every day.

A team from the German Baseball Academy, which had about a half-dozen guys who looked capable of dunking a basketball, beat the American military kids in the championship game and were dominant throughout the weekend. I told one of the guys with our club who was also helping out that if that's an accurate sample of what the development of the game looks like over in Deutschland, then the world will be taking notice in future years at events such as the European Championships, World Baseball Championship and the Olympics, once the IOC wises up and brings baseball back to the Summer Games.

Not everything I witnessed during the tournament was as the game should be played, however.

Another team from Germany had a couple big boys who thought they were playing rugby, and thought it was acceptable to lower their shoulder and barrel over a much-smaller catcher from Poland, who, to his credit, held onto the ball both times. During one of the collisions, the catcher was actually on the first-base side of the plate - leaving an open path along the third base line for the runner to slide safely into home - when the base runner ran over him, resulting in perhaps the dirtiest play in youth baseball as I've ever seen. Amazingly, the base runner was not tossed from the game (protecting the players, apparently, is a major fault of umpires in the Czech Republic, as I've already witnessed and been been told through multiple accounts by coaches and players here).

In another game, the coach of a Romanian team that was losing 22-0 in the second inning had the game called in the second inning. This was prior to the last three guys in his lineup having the opportunity to come to the plate. If I'm a player, I've got major issues with my coach who didn't let me swing the bat in a game after we traveled over 10 hours to this tournament. (The same Romanian coach allowed his center fielder to play the field while kneeling, only getting up to chase after the ball when it was struck to the outfield).

The coach of a team from Serbia sent a 13-year-old kid out on the mound, and after watching his fastball get batted around the yard for the first inning, either instructed or allowed his young hurler to come out and throw the next two innings while throwing, by my rough estimate, about 75 percent breaking balls. As I sat behind the backstop as the game's scorekeeper, I wanted to bound into the dugout and explain to the Serbian coach, as anyone with common sense could, how quickly this poor kid's elbow would be damaged and pitching career would come to an end should he continue to allow him to toss breaking balls at any rate, no less that rate, at his age.

I saw a lot of good things over the course of the tournament that leads you to believe that the development of the game in Europe is heading in the right direction. But I also saw a lot of red flags that indicate there is a lot of growth  that still needs to take place on the diamond on this side of the pond.
          Cause & Effect: The CFI Newsletter - No. 84        

Cause & Effect is the biweekly newsletter of the Center for Inquiry community, covering the wide range of work that you help make possible. Become a member today!

The Main Events

Supreme-Court-facade-post.jpgSupreme Court Reshapes the Church-State Landscape 

American secularism suffered a painful blow on Monday, when the Supreme Court ruled in the case of Trinity Lutheran Church of Columbia, Inc. v. Comer that the state of Missouri did not have the right to exclude a church from a state grant program to fund the purchase of recycled tires for resurfacing playgrounds. The Court split 7-2 in favor of the church, with Justices Kagan and Breyer joining the five conservatives.

Chief Justice Roberts, writing for the majority, used particularly strong language to explain the decision, writing, “...the exclusion of Trinity Lutheran from a public benefit for which it is otherwise qualified, solely because it is a church, is odious to our Constitution ... and cannot stand.”

Justice Sotomayor, who was joined by Justice Ginsburg in the minority, pointed out that the preschool playground was as much a part of the church’s religious mission as any other part of the property, and that this decision gives an unfair advantage to a belief system that happens to have the resources to compete for these kinds of public grants.

ssmyr.jpgBut the core message of her dissent was clear. “The Court today profoundly changes that relationship by holding, for the first time, that the Constitution requires the government to provide public funds directly to a church,” she wrote. “Its decision slights both our precedents and our history, and its reasoning weakens this country’s longstanding commitment to a separation of church and state beneficial to both.”

We agree. In our response to the news, CFI Legal Director Nicholas Little said, plainly, “The Supreme Court has detonated a massive breach in the wall of separation between church and state.” He went on to say, “We are deeply concerned about what happens next, as other sectarian organizations find new and novel ways to siphon taxpayer dollars into their churches, temples, and mosques.”

But the drama didn’t end there. The Court also announced it would take up the case of Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, in which a shop owner refused to provide service to a same-sex couple because of his religious beliefs. We’ll be participating in a formal capacity with an amicus brief soon, but for now we urged the Court to see reason and remember when religious beliefs could be used to discriminate against many other groups of people. As Nick warned, “This so-called ‘right’ to discriminate based on religion cannot be cabined, and threatens to turn America back to the dark days of legally justifiable segregation.”


erdogan03rrrr.pngTurkey to Prohibit the Teaching of Evolution in Schools 

Since the establishment of the Republic of Turkey almost a century ago, secularism has been a foundational component; there is no official state religion, and the Turkish constitution provides for freedom of religion. But the current president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, has carried out an agenda of “Islamisation” and gone to great lengths to silence dissent and control information.

The Erdoğan government took another frightening step away from secularism last week with a move that will have implications for generations. Alpaslan Durmus, head of the curriculum board of Turkey’s Education Ministry, announced that students would no longer be taught the subject of evolution in schools, claiming this fundamental scientific concept to be “beyond [students’] comprehension” and “too controversial.”

aaaaa.jpgIn our official response, CFI President and CEO Robyn Blumner described this assertion as “absurd” and a denigration of the intelligence and capabilities of Turkey’s students and teachers. Referencing the Richard Dawkins Foundation’s TIES program (Teacher Institute for Evolutionary Science), Robyn said, “We know from our work with middle school science teachers that students pretty easily grasp the basic principles of evolution. Moreover, learning about natural selection—the process that undergirds the diversity of all of life on Earth—fascinates and inspires students. How can the government even consider withholding that from students?”

Our own Richard Dawkins weighed in as well, pulling no punches. “As Turkish scientists will agree, evolution is an established fact, as firmly established as plate tectonic movements or the solar orbits of the planets,” he said. “I’d like to pay the Turkish framers of this ridiculous education policy the compliment of assuming that they are cynical political manipulators. But actually, I fear they are more likely to be just plain stupid.”

It may now be up to the students, teachers, and parents of Turkey to demand educational standards that will not leave a generation of young people behind the rest of the world.


News from the CFI Community

Raheel-Raza.pngRaheel Raza Speaks Against FGM at UN Human Rights Council 

At the UN Human Rights Council’s meeting in Geneva last week, the Center for Inquiry was ably represented by activist Raheel Raza. Raza, president of the Council for Muslims Facing Tomorrow, delivered a powerful statement on the horrific practice of female genital mutilation (FGM), and how this practice is not merely a phenomenon of parts of Africa and the Middle East:

More than half a million women and girls are at risk of undergoing FGM in the U.S. or abroad, or have already undergone the procedure, including 166,173 under the age of 18. It is unacceptable that today in the 21st century women have to undergo such an inhuman and painful procedure, especially if they are too young to protest. … The human rights of those who are unable to protest must be protected by those of us who can.

You can see the video of her address here.

Raza also took part in several meetings and events, noting that religious freedom was a prime topic of discussion, though not everyone agreed about what “religious freedom” means, particularly the member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation that seek heavy restrictions on blasphemy.

Our thanks to Raheel for raising important issues and representing CFI before the international community.


P032065001402-12269.jpgCFI Poland Promotes Humanist Values in Meetings with EU Officials 

Last Monday in Brussels, Andrzej Dominiczak of CFI Poland took part in a high-level meeting with vice president of the European Commission Frans Timmermans and vice president of the European Parliament Mairead McGuinness. Dominiczak was among three other European humanists (from Germany, Denmark, and Italy), and joined representatives of other similar non-governmental organizations.

They had come to discuss the general topic of “The Future of Europe: A Values-Based and Effective Union,” and many specific issues were raised and discussed. Dominiczak spoke about the social and psychological conditions that can foster constructive values and emphasized the role of education and direct communication between the European Union and its citizens.

Most importantly, Dominiczak held direct conversations with both high officials about the possibility for the adoption of a new binding EU directive to prevent and combat violence against women. Both officials agreed on the importance of such a measure and that it would be politically possible, citing the 2011 Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.

Dominiczak told us how important this issue is from the Polish point of view, explaining that Poland’s current regime has threatened to revoke the convention. Working with the Women’s Rights Center about three years ago, he conducted a large study showing that the number of women in Poland who die as a result of domestic violence is triple what had been previously believed.

Dominiczak and the EU Parliament’s McGuinness agreed to continue discussions about a directive to address this, and we look forward to hearing about the developments.


aaacastel.jpgCSICon 2017: It’s Coming Right For Us!!! (Plus Two New Videos)

CSICon 2017, the biggest skeptics’ event of the year, is hurtling like an asteroid toward the City of Illusions, Las Vegas, and it’s set to collide for an impact event lasting October 26–29, threatening to eradicate all pseudoscience in its blast radius. Or so it’s been prophesied.

To give you a fresh idea of the brilliant and engaging talks you can expect, CFI’s Reasonable Talk web series has posted two new presentations from CSICon 2016:

  • First, “SkepDoc” Harriet Hall clears up the murkiness surrounding the world of “functional medicine,” a practice with little to no evidence of efficacy and no solid definition of what it actually means.
  • Then, astronomer and science communicator David Helfand, author of A Survival Guide to the Misinformation Age, explains how bad information on the Internet scrambles our thinking and beliefs, turning some of us into “Google-fed zombies.” (Helfand also authored the cover feature for the June/July 2017 issue of Skeptical Inquirer.)

As for CSICon 2017, the lineup of speakers is once again earth-shaking, including such cosmic personalities as the amazing James Randi, Richard Dawkins, Eugenie Scott, Cara Santa Maria, Michael Mann, Richard Wiseman, Lawrence Krauss, Massimo Polidoro, Carrie Poppy, and once again serving as master of ceremonies, the great George Hrab.

Set your coordinates for the Excalibur Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, where you’ll also experience a Tournament of Kings Joust Dinner, a magic show by Banachek, special lunch events with skeptic stars, a Halloween 70’s Disco Party (we’re still debating the wisdom of that one), a Sunday Papers session, and so much more.

Don’t wait for the world to end. Get registered now.


CFI Highlights on the Web

  • CFI Research Fellow and former CEO Ronald Lindsay is the guest on the New Books Network podcast, discussing his 2014 book The Necessity of Secularism: Why God Can’t Tell Us What to Do.
  • Bertha Vazquez announces three new TIES workshops: First at Birmingham Zoo in Alabama with Kathy Fournier on October 13; at the Illinois Science Teachers Association’s Annual Conference at Northern Illinois University with Kathy von Hoeck on October 28; and at the Mississippi Science Teachers Association Annual Conference in Biloxi on October 30 with Blake Touchet.
  • Tara Isabella Burton at Vox cites CFI’s lawsuit in Florida to stop public funds from being used for sectarian purposes in a piece analyzing the implications of the Trinity Lutheran decision. Deseret News also cited our statement in their piece.
  • Nishat Amber at Feminism in India looks at the ways organized religion has served to oppress women and begins by citing CFI’s Free Inquiry and the Council for Secular Humanism.
  • From the classic snake oil collection of Joe Nickell, we have Barker’s Nerve and Bone Liniment from 1859, which was purported to have the power to “heal up” wounded horses, among other things.
  • Susan Gerbic interviews the folks behind the European Skeptics Podcast for CFI’s Committee for Skeptical Inquiry.

And of course, you can keep up with news relevant to skeptics and seculars every weekday with The Morning Heresy.


Upcoming CFI Events

June 28:

July 1:

jane-roberts-on-reproductive-rights-thumb-400x600-5142.jpgJuly 2:

July 9:

July 14–16:

July 16:

July 17:

  • CFI member Heather Davis discusses the costs and benefits of healthcare spending in the U.S. with CFI Austin.

Paul HannJuly 26:

  • CFI Michigan hosts a presentation on environmental health after the Flint water crisis by Paul Hann (right) executive director of the Healthy Homes Coalition of West Michigan.

July 29:

August 13:


Thank you!

Everything we do at CFI is made possible by you and your support. Let’s keep working together for science, reason, and secular values.  Donate today!

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Cause & Effect: The Center for Inquiry Newsletter is edited by Paul Fidalgo, Center for Inquiry communications director.

The Center for Inquiry (CFI) is a nonprofit educational, advocacy, and research organization headquartered in Amherst, New York, with executive offices in Washington, D.C. It is also home to both the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, the Council for Secular Humanism, and the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason & Science. The mission of CFI is to foster a secular society based on science, reason, freedom of inquiry, and humanist values. Visit CFI on the web at 


          Negara-negara Asal Sepakbola Deg-degan Menunggu Pengundian        

Pengundian babak kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2018 akan dilakukan Sabtu malam, sekitar pukul 23.00 WIB. Di bawah ini adalah daftar unggulan dan berbagai skenario buruk maupun baik yang bisa menimpa negara-negara asal sepakbola: Inggris, Wales, Skotlandia dan Irlandia Utara.

Berita Bola: Negara-negara Asal Sepakbola Deg-degan Menunggu Pengundian
Pot 1: Jerman, Belgia, Belanda, Portugal, Romania, Inggris, Wales, Spanyol, Kroasia
Pot 2: Slovakia, Austria, Italia, Swiss, Republik Ceko, Prancis, Islandia, Denmark, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Pot 3: Ukraina, Skotlandia, Polandia, Hungaria, Swedia, Albania, Irlandia Utara, Serbia, Yunani
Pot 4: Turki, Slovenia, Israel, Republik Irlandia, Norwegia, Bulgaria, Kepulauan Faroe, Montenegro, Estonia
Pot 5: Siprus, Latvia, Armenia, Finlandia, Belarusia, Makedonia, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Moldova
Pot 6: Kazakhstan, Luksemburg, Liechtenstein, Georgia, Malta, San Marino, Andorra
Inggris dan Wales tidak mungkin bertemu dalam satu grup karena mereka sama-sama tim unggulan yang masuk dalam Pot 1.
Namun, mereka masih bisa ketemu dengan negara tertentu dari Pot 2 seperti Italia (saat ini peringkat 17 di dunia) atau Perancis (peringkat 22), sementara tandang ke negara-negara tertentu seperti Swedia, Polandia atau Ukraina bisa menjadi laga yang sulit.
Wales, Irlandia Utara dan Skotlandia bisa saja masuk ke dalam grup yang berisikan lima tim, bukan enam – yang dapat membantu peluang mereka lolos ke putaran final di Rusia.
Tim-tim Eropa akan dibagi ke dalam sembilan kelompok – tujuh grup dengan enam tim dan dua grup hanya beranggotakan lima tim.
Berikut adalah skenario terbaik dan terburuk dari empat negara asal sepakbola itu.
Tiket impian:
Inggris, Islandia, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova, Andorra
Skenario terburuk:
Inggris, Italia, Swedia, Turki, Finlandia, Kazakhstan
Tiket impian:
Wales, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova
Skenario terburuk:
Wales, Prancis, Ukraina, Turki, Siprus, Georgia
Tiket impian:
Skotlandia, Wales, Islandia, Estonia, Lithuania
Skenario terburuk:
Skotlandia, Jerman, Italia, Turki, Makedonia, Kazakhstan
Irlandia Utara
Tiket impian:
Irlandia Utara, Rumania, Islandia, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova
Skenario terburuk:
Irlandia Utara, Spanyol, Prancis, Republik Irlandia, Belarusia, Malta

          Scrapbook 2013        

Think about the year that has passed. All the memories, the entries and posts that made the year special. Think about all your past layouts, default icons, mood themes. How about all those conversations you had via comments, or the huge post in ONTD that you spent all night commenting on. The 2013 Scrapbook Post is a way to help you remember all of that, in a single post.

❤ Headers

• From ColourLovers: here

❤ Blog Titles

• We end up dreaming instead of sleeping (LJ)
• Oh, who am I to beg for difference? (Tumblr)
• Darkness is a harsh term, don't you think? (LJ)

❤ Layouts

Blue Swirls by daemon
Iso by fruitstyle

❤ Mood Themes

• Donna Noble animated mood by wickedgrdn

❤ Default Icons

Photobucket by dark_jackal32

❤ Desktops

Photobucket not mine
 photo 426782_10150571679892001_92809692000_9533598_1295167402_n_zps7c7a7548.jpgnot mine
 photo tyler_hoechlin_wallpaper_01_by_iheartbellamy-d5mmcr9_zps3406b75b.jpg not mine
 photo io_zps08dc3c59.jpg by me

❤ University

Techniques of Computational Physics: 30
Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics: 26
Lab of Astrophysics: 30
Physics of the Magnetosphere II: 30+
Space Physics Lab: 30+

❤ Events

• Lunch @ Aunt Ginevra's with the whole family (1/01/2013)
• Candy Shopping with Mama (4/01/2013)
• Watching Merlin finale T___T (7/01/2013)
Soundcloud account (11/01/2013)
• Starting MyFitnessPal (17/01/2013)
• 13,70€ for six makeup items (instahaul) (/01/2013)
• Sick with fever & nausea (29/01/2013)
• IBS package ordered 02/02/2013 (18/02/2013)
Winning a giveaway for the first time! (22/02/2013)
• Red Karaoke album dowloaded (24/02/2013)
• @ Rome with Marta - not the day I wanted and expected, could have been better (2/03/2013)
• Dinner @ Marta&Paolo's with Fife&Giuanni (3/03/2013)
• Chiara (&Eleonora&Paolo) gets her PhD in Physics. Congrats, girl! (20/03/2013)
• Various people (Alessia, Simone, Pietro, Danila, Dante) get a degree(27/03/2013)
• Ottavio's birthday dinner with Giuliani, Otto, Svale, Ruggi, Cecchini, Fede, Mariangela, Zufi, ? @ Oro Rosso (30/03/2013)
• Dream about Taylor Swift (31/03/2013)
• Easter lunch at Marta&Paolo's (31/03/2013)
• Dinner with Jessica @ Porca Vacca (3/04/2013)
• Singing constest @ Onna singin "Notturno" (7/04/2013)
• Officially started my thesis (10/04/2013)
• @ home with Marta&Paolo for roasted chicken and gelato (18/04/2013)
• Giuliani's bday dinner (27/04/2013)
• My sis trims my hair (12/05/2013)
• Robs is back from Dublin (27/05/2013)
• Last day of lectures ever!!! (12/06/2013)
• My very first dessert: microwaved brownies - not a success (14/06/2013)
• In Gagliano Aterno for the TOEFL study program (3/07-2/08 2013)
• @Luigi's for dinner with the american pals (24/01/2013)
• Birthday dinner with Otto, Vale, Zufi, Giuliani & (Jessica & Cch) (7/08/2013)
• Visiting for the first time the new homeplace of my Uncle Felix (8/08/2013)
• 30th birthday of my sis @ her place with the whole family (11/08/2013)
• Maquillalia order (8-14/08/2013)
• @Pescocostanzo with the whole family: take out lunch @ home (15/08/2013)
• Second attempt of microwave brownies (25/08/2013)
Winning a giveaway and Nicole's blog! (22/08/2013)
• TOEFL @ Rome with Mom and sis 115/120: R29, L29, S27, W30 (7/09/2013)
• Cooking & eating pizza at my sister's (8/09/2013)
• Uncle Carlo's 50th birthday celebration @ Passaparola (10/09/2013)
• GRE Physics @ John Cabot University in Rome (27-28/09/2013)
• Flu's worst timing ever (15/10/2013)
• GRE General test @ Rome (18/10/2013)
• GRE Subject in Physics @ Rome (19/10/2013)
• Receiving the BellezaKisses giveaway prize (28/10/2013)
• Romina's graduation dinner @ Mordi&Fuggi (05/12/2013)
• Moving furniture to the new old house (05-06/12/2013)
• Christmas Eve dinner @ home with Marta & Paolo + watching the Vicotria's Sectret fashion show (24/12/2013)
• Christmas lunch with Sciarretta&Colangelo + playing&winning at Pictionary @ Marta's (25/15/2013)
• New kitchen (30/12/2013)
• NY's Eve @ Otto's (31/12/2013)

❤ Quotes

• "They say that people teach what they need to learn." (The Happiness Project)
• "All these thoughts flooded through my mind, and as I sat on that crowded bus, I grasped two things: I wasn’t as happy as I could be, and my life wasn’t going to change unless I made it change. In that single moment, with that realization, I decided to dedicate a year to trying to be happier." (The Happiness Project)
• "If you’re not failing, you’re not trying hard enough." (The Happiness Project)
• "No! Try not! Do, or do not. There is no try!" (Yoda from "Star Wars")
• Mary Margareth: "I'm the worst person in the world" Emma: "Really, the whole world?" (from Once Upon a Time)
• "That's a relief." (Kili from The Hobbit)
• "You're a musician, so it's important that you suffer." (Lanny from Rock of Ages)
• "Pipe the fuck down!" (Jenna Marbles)
• "I'd watch your back. Just to make sure there's no target drawn on it" (from Smash)
• " “You are the piece of the puzzle of someone else’s life. You may never know where you fit, but others will fill the holes in their lives with pieces of you. So if you run out of reasons to live, remember that someone else’s life may never be complete without you in it." (Bonnie Arbon)
• "I talk, therefore I am." (Michelle from Bunheads)
• "This is what I believe to be true: You have to do everything you can and if you stay positive you have a shot at a silver lining." (Pat from Silver Linings Playbook)
• "I didn’t believe in love at first sight till I met Ginnifer." (Josh Dallas)
• "You guys need to stop being such asses and start being bad asses." (Jesse St. James from Glee)
• "There comes a time when you have to see what life looks like from the dance floor" (Charlie in "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky)
• "Either you say too much or you don't say enough and they're gone" (Peyton Sawyer from One Tree Hill)
• "And all you want is to always feel happy for them because you know that if you do, then it means that you're happy too" (Charlie in "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky)
• "There’s a special place in hell for women that don’t help other women." (Katie Couric)
• "That's why they had plagues, you know. To kill dumb guys like Ben." (Milly Stone from Bunheads)
• "Dreaming about being an actress is more exciting than being one." (Marilyn Monroe)
• "Nothing ever goes away until it teaches us what we need to know." (Pema Chodron)
• "Life sucks when you are ordinary" (Damon Salvatore from The Vampire Diaries)
• "I don't trust fish! They breathe water, that's crazy!" (Nick Miller from New Girl)
• "I do not respond to threats. I make them." (Jessica Pearson from Suits)
• "It portrays death truthfully. You die in the middle of your life, in the middle of a sentence." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "If something was wrong, I'd find out soon enough. Nothing to be gained by worriyng between now and then." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "That's the thing about pain, it demands to be felt." (Augustus from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "I was thinking about the word handle, and all the unholdable things that get handled" (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "I take quite a lot of pride in not knowing what's cool." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "The existence of broccoli does not in any way affect the taste of chocolate." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "Please believe that things are good with me, and even when they're not, they will be soon enough." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "And how different her facelooked the first time she really liked a boy who was not on a poster on her wall." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "And all you want is to always feel happy for them because you know that if you do, then it means that you're happy,too." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "I decided then that when I meet someone I though was as beautiful as the song, I should give it to that person." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "I just thought to myself that in the palm of my hand, there was this one tape that had all of these memories and feelings and great joy and sadness." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "You're a wallflower. You see things. You keep quite about them. And you understand." (Patrick from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "Charlie, we accept the love we think we deserve." (Bill from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "Life is one fucking beauty contest after another." (from Little Miss Sunshine)
• "Are you really that dumb, or just naturally blonde?" (Katherine Pierce from The Vampire Diaries)
• "What a slut time it. She screws everybody." (Peter Van Houten from The Fault In Our Stars)
• "I fell in love the way you fell asleep: slowly, and then all at once" (Hazel Grace from The Fault In Our Stars)
• "To become a god, you must first become a man. When a man is a man, the man will become a god, and then the goddess will reveal herself." (Kvasir from The Almighty Johnsons)
• "Man up to god up." (Colin/Loki from The Almighty Johnsons)
• "All men must die. But we are not men." (Daenerys from Game fo Thrones)
• "Everyday may not be good, bet there's something good in everyday day." (Ingrid - missglamorazzi)
• "Anything that gets your blood racing is probably worth doing." (Hunter S. Thompson)
• "'Yes' can mean 'no'." (Dean in Gagliano Aterno)
• "What difference could two people make? - You were one person, and you changed the world" (Dor & the Old Man from The Time Keeper)
• "But a man who can take anything will find most things unsatisfying. And a man without memories is just a shell." (from The Time Keeper)
• "He wonderer how it was fair that your dying should depend so much on when you were born." (from The Time Keeper)
• "Sitting high above the city, Father Time realized that knowing something and understanding it were not the same thing." (from The Time Keeper)
• "And when hope is gone, time is punishment" (from The Time Keeper)
• "Ends are for yesterdays, not tomorrows" (from The Time Keeper)
• "With endless time, nothing is special. With no loss or sacrifice, we can't appreciate what we have." (from The Time Keeper)
• "There is a reason God limits our days - To make each one precious." (from The Time Keeper)
• "The trick is to not see the bars, but rather what lies beyond them." (Cyrus from Once Upon a Time in Wonderland)

❤ Books read

• "The Happiness Project" by Gretchen Rubin (02/01/2012- suspended)
• "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky (20/02/2012 - 13/03/2013)
• "The Fault In Our Stars" by John Green (19/03/2013 - 19/08/2013)
• "The Time Keeper" by Mitch Albom (22/08/2013 - 11/09/2013)
• "Gone Girl" by Gillian Flyn (16/09/2013 - )

❤ Songs loved

• "Cry" - Cassadee Pope's cover (Faith Hill)
• "Over You" - Cassadee Pope's cover (Miranda Lambert)
• "Stupid Boy" - Cassadee Pope's cover (Keith Urban)
• "Just a fool" - Christina Aguilera & Blake Shelton
• "Good in Goodbye" - Carrie Underwood
• "Blank Page" - Christina Aguilera
• "La notte" - Arisa
• "Everything has changed" - Taylor Swift & Ed Sheeran
• "Give me love" - Ed Sheeran
• "Kiss Me" - Ed Sheeran
• "Done." - The Band Perry
• "Good Girl" - Carrie Underwood
• "Poison & Wine" - The Civil Wars
• "Shouldn't Come Back" - Demi Lovato
• "In Case" - Demi Lovato
• "Really don't care" - Demi Lovato (ft. Cher Lloyd)
• "Wrecking Ball" - Miley Cyrus
• "Love like mine" - Hayden Panettiere
• "When the right one comes along" - Sam Palladio & Clare Bowen
• "Faultline" - Katharine McPhee
• "Almost is never enough" - Ariana Grande & Nathan Skykes
• "Tatooed Heart" - Ariana Grande
• "Counting Stars" - One Republic
• "I see fire" - Ed Sheeran

❤ Movies seen

Lo Hobbit 3D: Un Viaggio Inaspettato | 9/10 *
Rock of Ages | 8/10 (ENG)
The Words | 8/10 (ENG)
Premium Rush | 7/10 (ENG)
Nights in Rodanthe | 6/10 (ENG)
Tanner Hall | 8/10 (ENG)
Wild Child | 6/10 (ENG)
Silver Linings Playbook | 7/10 (ENG)
The Impossible | 8/10 (ENG)
The Dark Knight Rises | 9/10 (ENG)
10 Things I Hate About You | 10/10 (ENG)
Argo | 9/10 (ENG)
Notre-Dame de Paris Ballet by Roland Petit | 7.5/10 (First Act)
Iron Man 2 | 4/10
Zodiac | 10/10
Anna Karenina | 7/10 (ENG)
The Perks of Being a Wallflower | 8/10 (ENG)
The Avengers | 6/10 (ENG)
Pitch Perfect | 7/10 (ENG)
The Oranges | 7/10 (ENG)
Oz: the Great and Powerful | 7/10 (ENG)
Back to the Future | 10/10 (ENG)
La finestra di fronte | 7.5/10
Remember Sunday | 8/10 (ENG)
The Big Wedding | 8/10 (ENG)
Safe Haven | 7/10 (ENG)
Les Miserables | 6/10 (ENG)
Star Trek | 8/10 (ENG)
The Hobbit: an Unexpected Journey | 9/10 (ENG)
Now is good | 7/10 (ENG)
The Heat | 10/10 (ENG)
The Bling Ring | 7/10 (ENG)
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug 3D | 8/10 *
Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters | 7/10 (ENG)
21 Jump Street | 6/10 (ENG)

*at the cinema

❤ TV Shows

The Big Bang Theory (Season 6)
Glee (Season 4 | Season 5)
Friends (Season 7)
Supernatural (Season 8 | Season 9)
The Vampire Diaries (Season 4 | Season 5)
C.S.I.: NY (Season 8 | Season 9)
White Collar (Season 4 | Season 5)
Gilmore Girls (Season 5 | Season 6)
New Girl (Season 2 | Season 3)
Revenge (Season 2 | Season 3)
Once Upon a Time (Season 2 | Season 3)
Merlin (Season 5)
Grey's Anatomy (Season 8 | Season 9)
C.S.I.: Miami (Season 10)
Smash (Season 2)
Bunheads (Season 1)
Suits (Season 2 | Season 3)
The Almighty Johnsons (Season 1 | Season 2)
Un Medico in Famiglia (Serie 8)
The Voice (Season 4 | Season 5)
Doctor Who (Season 7)
Game of Thrones (Season 3)
Nashville (Season 1 | Season 2)
Teen Wolf (Season 1 | Season 2 | Season 3)
The Originals (Season 1)
Once Upon a Time in Wonderland (Season 1)
The Voice (Season 4 | Season 5)
The X Factor USA (Season 3)
People's Choice Awards (2013)
Amici (11th edition)
Golden Globe Awards Arrivals and Main Show (2013)
Sanremo (2013)
Grammy Awards (2013)
Oscars - Academy Awards (Red Carpet & Main Show) (2013)
The Voice of Italy (Season 1)
American Country Music Awards (ACMs) (2013)
Billboard Music Awards (2013)
MTV Movie Awards (2013) Pre-Show & Main Event
CMT Music Awards (2013)
MTV Video Music Awards (2013)
Emmy Awards (2013)
The X Factor ITA (2013)
American Music Awards (2013)

❤ Best Episodes

New Girl 2x14 "Pepperwood"
Gilmore Girls 5x10 "But not as cute as Pushkin"
Bunheads 1x14 "The Astronaut and the Ballerina"
The Big Bang Theory 6x14 "The Cooper/Kripke Inversion"
Suits 2x14 He's Back""
Bunheads 1x16 "There's nothing worse than a pantsuit"
New Girl 2x17 "Parking Spot"
The Big Bang Theory 6x21 "The Closure Alternative"
New Girl 2x23 "Virgins"
Smash 2x12 "Opening Night"
Smash 2x16 "The Nominations"
Smash 2x17 "The Tonys"
Supernatural 8x08 "Hunteri Heroici"
Supernatural 8x11 "LARP and the Real Girl"
Supernatural 8x20 "PacMan Fever"
Nashville 1x14 "Dear Brother"
The Big Bang Theory 7x03 "The Scavenger Vortex"
The Big Bang Theory 7x06 "The Romance Resonance"
Glee 5x05 "The end of twerk"

❤ Ships

Gilmore Girls | Lorelai/Luke
YouTube | Carrie/Alex Day
The Hobbit | Kili/Fili/Thorin *iz ashamed*
RL | Aidan Turner/Dean O'Gorman
The Voice | Blake/Adam
Game of Thrones | Dany/Jorah Mormont
Smash | Karen/Derek
Game of Thrones | Brienne of Tarth/Jamie Lannister
The Vampire Diaries | Caroline/Klaus
Nashville | Scarlett/Gunnar
Grey's Anatomy | April Kepner/Jackson Avery
Once Upon a Time | Emma/Hook

❤ Random Crushes

• Sir Leon the Great | Merlin
Danisnotonfire | YouTube
• Aidan Turner
• Dean O'Gorman
• Honey, honey with everything
• Twinings Blackcurrant tea
• Louis Litt | Suits
• Emily Thorne | Revenge
• Margaery Tyrell | Game of Thrones
• Chocolate Milkshakes
• Jaime Lannister | Game of Thrones
• James Franco
• Scarlett O'Connor | Nashville
• Zoella | YouTube
• Essiebutton | YouTube
• Derek Hale | Teen Wolf
• Tyler Hoechlin
• Styles Stilinski | Teen Wolf

❤ Fashion loved


❤ Shopping

Kate Moss for Rimmel Lipstick in #010
Supercolour Mascara by Kiko (Sabbia #10)
Supercolor Mascara by Kiko (Fucsia #09)
Lipstick Rouge A' Levres by Kiko (#11)
Nail Polish Sense Tech 100% Mat by Deborah (#10)
Magnetic Nail Polish Shine Tech by Deborah (#65)
Bottega Verde eyeshadow (Beige)
NYC Lipstain 16H (#498 Berry Long Time)
Polka dots blue shirt by Terranova
Blouse by H&M
Maybelline Super Stay Lipstick 14h (#180 Ultimate Blush)
Rimmel Apocalips Lip Laquer (#303 Apocaliptic)
"The Time Keeper" by Mitch Albom
"The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky
"Gone Girl" by Gillian Flynn
"The Happiness Project" by Gretchen Rubin
"Looking for Alaska" by John Green
"Before I Fall" by Lauren Olivier
"The Fault in Our Stars" by John Green
Essie nail polish in Mint Candy Apple
Benefit TropiCoral kit
Ownl necklace by Tally Weijl
MAC Face & Body foundation in White
Acqua di Sole by Lush
Nonsimangia! by Lush
Brufolo Bill by Lush
Radici sample by Lush
Conosci la Terra sample by Lush
Chartreuse Pigment sample by MAC
Jar 10ml by Kiko
Mirror Lacquer (Nail polish) in #624 Azzurro by Kiko
Mirror Lacquer (Nail polish) in #627 Verde Lime by Kiko
Natural Concealer in #01 by Kiko
Natural Concealer in #04 by Kiko
Nail Polish Corrector Pen by Kiko
Nail Polish Remover Fast&Easy by Kiko
White purse by Marina Galanti
Essence MySkin Deeply Moisturizing Paper Mask
Essence Peel-off base coat
Essence MySkin Tinted Moisturizer in Light
Essence PureSkin Anti-spot 4in1 Cream Wash
Beige Loafers
Kiko nail polish #355
Perfume L'Eau D'Issey Florale by Issey Miyake
Essie Nail Polish in Laquered Up (#62)
Essie Nail Polish in Lilacism (#37)
Essie Nail Polish Top Coat
Lace Oxfords by H&M
• "Il grand Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald (Newton Compton Editori)
• "Racconti del Terrore" by E.A. Poe (Newton Compton Editori)
Gel tint by Essence (#01 Hot Red)
Stay Matt Lip Cream by Essence (#01 Velvet Rose)
Mid-lenghts blue navy pants by OVS
Top with lace details by Terranova
Light blue sweater by Terranova
Coconut Oil by Khadì
Makeup sponge by H&M
Mint sheer shirt by H&M
Black dress by H&M
Peach dress by H&M
Light blue cardigan by H&M
White cardigan by H&M
Running shoes by Decathlon
• Magnetic Board with markers
• NYC nail polish in Pinstripe White #134
Blending brush #200 by Kiko
Body Splash - Sunny Island by Kiko
Glow Touch (lips&cheeks) #01 Biller Margarita by Kiko
Dark jeans by H&M
White dress with lace details by H&M
Black shorts by H&M
Expert Face Brush by Real Techniques
Undress Me Too palette by MUA
Montagne Jeunesse various masks
Sleek blush trio in Flame
Sleek blush trio in Lace
Lipstick by MUA in shade 16 Nectar
Lipstick by MUA in shade 15 Juicy
Essence nail polish from the limited edition Snow Jam in #04 Top of the Ice Stream
Soft Matte Lip Cream in Istanbul by NYX
Babyliss rotating brush
Mary Lou Manizer (highlighter) by The Balm
Batiste Dry Shampoo XXL volumen
Powder blush in Angel by NYX
Sleek lipstick in Smother
Nail Polish from the collection "On Safari" by Cgina Glaze in Purr-fect Plum
• Roots by Lush
Maybelline Baby Lips in Cherry Me
Omia body cream with Jojoba Oil
Black Ballerina flats by Bata
Brown booties by H&M
• Jogging pants by Decathlon
Long sleeved t-shirt by H&M
Striped sweater by H&M
Green sweater by H&M
Lasting Color Gel Nail Polish by Pupa (#18)
Stay with me in #08 Deep Rose by Essence
Stay all day concealer in #20 Soft Beige by Essence
Nail art magnetic nail polish in #06 Spell Bound! by Essence
Extra moisturizing nail balm by Essence
Cleansing wipes in Fresh Cotton by Shaka
Body Wash in Strawberry by Shaka
• Sweater by H&M
• Long sleeved blue t-shirt by H&M
• Three quarted sleeved black t-shirt by H&M
Intensive softening Hand Cream by Yes To Carrots
Moisturizing Eye Cream by Yes To Carrots
Repairing Night Cream by Yes To Carrots
Instant moisturizer by Sephora
Hair elastics by Sephora
Nourishing Kit (gel exfoliator & body butter) by Yes To Carrots
Mini eyelash curler by e.l.f.
HD blush in Headliner by e.l.f.
HD blush in Superstar by e.l.f.
Lipstick in Charming by e.l.f.
Lipstick in Gypsy by e.l.f.
Eyelash & brow wand by e.l.f.
Jumbo Lip Gloss Stick in Movie Stare by e.l.f.
Studio Matte Lip Colour in Natural by e.l.f.
Lip exfoliator by e.l.f.
Daily brush cleaner by e.l.f.
Custom eyes eyeshadow in Ivory by e.l.f.
Powder puffs by e.l.f.
Lip Balm SPF 15 in Plum by e.l.f.
Powder brush by e.l.f.
Kiko Smart Lipstick in #912
Kiko Smart Lipstick in #903
Invisible Lipliner by Kiko
Nail art magnet by Kiko
• Cien cleanser
• Cien Toner

❤ Presents

Ireland gifts by Robs
Flowy music scarf by my sis
• Birthday money
Poland necklace by my sis
Kiko Strawberry Kiss Lipbalm by my parents (birthday gift)
• Ardell Lashes, MAC Ruby Woo Lipstick and Storm Sleek Palette (Nicholea giveaway)
• Jack Black lip balm and Lorac PRO palette (BellezaKisses giveaway)
Creme de Rose lip balm by Dior (birthday present from my friends)
• Christmas money from family members

❤ Links

Some of The Hobbit cast videobombing a music video (video)
Quizzing The Hobbit Dwarves (video)
Interviewing dwarves (video)
The Hobbit crak vid 2 (video)
ModCloth (online shopping website)
My First Kiss Story by HelloKatyxo (video)
Taylor Swift - Live on the Seine (video)
iSnuggle with Matt Bomer & Tim DeKay (video)
7 ways of using MAC pigments (video)
Finn Jonest interview about his role on Game of Thrones (video)
KissFM TSwift interview (video)
Taylor Swift met Richard Gere at the Golden Globes (video)
The Grunchies Awards 2013 (video)
The red carpet of the "Amazings" (video)
Guillermo at the Oscars (video)
Colin Farrel, horses & thongs (video)
How to have easier life (video)
Bride & Bridesmaid dresses (Online shop)
Richard Feynman, you are awesome (video)
What Makes You Beautiful (5Guys and 1 Piano) (video)
Viggo & the horses of The Lord of the Rings (video)
Leaping into the Unknown of Life (video)
Prakns @ The Ellen Show (video)
Aidan&Dean&Sarah (video)
Melanie&Adam on The Voice (video)
Meghan's How NOT to hit on a girl (video)
Most funny moments of filming/interviews The Hobbit (video)
Dean O'Gorman and the Mail Box Story (video)
The Band Perry live with "Done." @ ACMs 2013 (video)
Celebrity Tweets - A music video by Shane Dawson (video)
Dan's "Draw my life" (video)
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (official trailer)
Two fans watch The Hobbit trailer (video)
Elves reaction to the two girls' reaction (video)
Picking up girls with One Direction lyrics (video)
Red acoustic version by Fifth Harmony (video)
Dean O'Gorman & Aidan Turner's panel @ Boston Comic Con (video)
Lip Sync Battle @ Late Night with Jimmy Fallon (video)
Thanksgiving in songs @ Late Night with Jimmy Fallon (video)
I knew Victoria's Secret models were trouble (video)
Virginio's Hallelujah (video)

          What next for Eastern Europe?        
While President Trump tweets, the United States and Russia drift towards war over Syria, and the new Thirty Years War between Shi'ite and Sunni continues on many fronts, another critical drama is playing out in the Eastern half of the European continent.  I find it particularly interesting because it is a replay of the drama I described about 40 years ago in my first book, Economic Diplomacy and the Origins of the Second World War, which is linked at left and available as an e-book.

For the first few centuries of the modern era the peoples of Eastern Europe lived under large empires.  The Ottoman Empire had reached Europe in the 15th century and eventually included what is now Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, Rumania, some of the nations of the former Yugoslavia, and Hungary.  The Tsar of Russia ruled what are now the Baltic States and, by the 19th century, Poland.  The Holy Roman Empire--which in 1806 became the Austrian Empire, and in 1867 the Austro-Hungarian Empire--included parts of Poland and the present-day Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia and Slovenia.  All these peoples, to varying degrees, developed nationalist movements during the 19th century.

The enormous strain of the First World War proved too much not only for the Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires, but also for the German Empire.  The Allies--France, Britain, Italy and eventually the US as well--sponsored the claims of some of the national movements in their territory.  In January 1918, in his Fourteen Points, Woodrow Wilson endorsed an independent Poland and autonomy (not independence) for the peoples of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires.  When those nations collapsed ten months later, various national movements proclaimed new states.

As the brilliant but eccentric English historian A. J. P. Taylor noted in 1961, the post-1919 settlement in Eastern Europe reflected the astonishing fact that both Germany and Russia had been defeated. Only that allowed for the re-creation of an independent Poland, the new states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia,a larger Rumania, independent Poland and Finland, and the three Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.  It seemed in 1918-9 that things might go even further and that Ukraine might become independent as well, but the Bolsheviks managed to secure control over it in the Russian civil war.  These states were economically and politically weak.  Nearly all of them initially formed some kind of democratic government, encouraged down that path by the western powers.

In the short run, several of the new states--Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania--were threatened by Hungary, which had lost huge territories at the peace conference, while in the long run Czechoslovakia and Poland had to worry about a resurgent Germany. France, eager to cement its status as the leading power in Europe, offered all those states some kind of alliance.  Clearly the French would have trouble defending them once the Germans or Russians regained their military strength, but the French were counting on keeping the Germans weak.  The alliances faced no serious threats until after the rise of Hitler.

By then all these countries had undergone profound political changes.  While all of them had begun as democracies, only Czechoslovakia, Finland and the Baltic States were still electing their governments by the early 1930s--the rest had come under some form of authoritarian rule.  The agricultural states among them, as I showed in my book, came under German influence after 1935 because the Germans, desperate for food, offered them a market for their produce.  In 1938 Hitler managed to destroy Czechoslovakia when the French abandoned their alliance.  In 1939-40, Hitler and Stalin concluded the Nazi-Soviet Pact. They partitioned Poland and the Soviets incorporated the Baltic States.  Hungary and Rumania became allies of Hitler while Yugoslavia was occupied by the Italians and the Nazis.  In 1945,  the whole region (except Finland) came under Soviet occupation and the USSR installed Communist governments.

The collapse of the USSR in 1991--77 years after the start of the First World War--started this process over again.  Once again, as in 1919, the entire region was liberated from foreign rule.  This time the proliferation of new states has gone much further, with Czechoslovakia and former Yugoslavia giving way to no less than 8 new states, and not only the Baltic States, but also Ukraine and Belarus, becoming independent.  Once again the new states established various forms of democracy.  And once again, powerful nations from outside the region offered them alliances. NATO, led by the US, offered membership to virtually every new state in the region, including the Baltic states--after initially promising the new Russian government not to do so.  The EU also offered many of them membership, choosing to ignore the enormous economic and cultural differences that still divide Europe somewhere around the frontiers of Germany and Poland.

Germany is no longer an imperialist nation, although it leads the EU and played a key role in its enlargement.  Russia once again went through a chaotic period but by 2000 it was recovering its strength under Vladimir Putin.  He is clearly determined to reassert Russian influence--if not more--over many of the states of the former USSR.  Belarus lost any real independence very quickly, and Putin is actively contesting the West in a bid for influence in Ukraine, and using the Russian military at the border to do so. He also very obviously has designs on the Baltic states, which are extremely vulnerable militarily.  And while Putin cannot offer these states markets the way the Germans did 80 years ago, he can provide them with energy.

And once again, democracy has proven fragile in Eastern Europe.  Rightist parties now lead the governments of Hungary, Poland, and some of the other states of the region. The governments of the Czech Republic and Slovakia are weak and subject to corruption and outside influence.  These nations face a choice between  western-style democracy--which is having enormous problems in the west--and Russian-style authoritarianism.  It is not at all clear which path they shall take.

Only a gigantic war settled the question of Eastern Europe's future 80 years ago.  Such a war does not seem in prospect now, but limited wars, such as a lightning Russian occupation of one or more Baltic states, cannot be ruled out.  Russian and NATO aircraft are constantly confronting one another in the region.  The Russians also seem to be using cyberwar against Ukraine, and they may use it elsewhere. To reach a new equilibrium diplomatically would require a level of statesmanship which is not apparent on the world scene.  Nearly thirty years ago, when the Soviet empire collapsed, I commented frequently that this time, Eastern Europe had taken a new shape without a new world war.  Now it seems that the process may involve a larger conflict--albeit of a possibly different kind.
          Photo: Andrew Golota is Still a Huge Draw in Poland        
          Photos: Golota and Saleta Go Face To Face in Poland        
          OSI Poland Foodworks zawarło kontrakt w Japonii        
Są już pierwsze efekty misji gospodarczej polskiego biznesu do Japonii w dniach 14-16 stycznia 2016 r., której przewodniczył wiceminister rozwoju Radosław Domagalski. Przedsiębiorcy kontynuują rozmowy z japońskimi partnerami, niektórzy przygotowują się do rewizyt japońskich inwestorów, a firma OSI Poland Foodworks Sp.z o.o już dziś może się pochwalić zawartym kontraktem, który planuje realizować od kwietnia.
          OSI Poland Foodworks bliżej japońskiego rynku        
Podczas niedawnej wizyty prezydenta Bronisława Komorowskiego w Japonii, w wybranej grupie przedstawicieli polskiego biznesu, obecny był Piotr Antkowiak, dyrektor zarządzający OSI Poland Foodworks. Polski zakład produkcyjny grupy OSI jest coraz bliżej rozpoczęcia dostaw wołowiny na jeden z najbardziej wymagających rynków świata.
          (Review) Lilac Girls by Martha Hall Kelly         
Publisher and Publication Date: Ballantine Books. March 7, 2017.
Genre: Historical fiction, World War II, Holocaust, Ravensbruck.
Pages: 512.
Source: Self-purchase.
Rating: Excellent. 

Included are eight black and white photographs and three maps.
An "Author's Note" provides historical information on the characters. It also shares Kelly's research for the novel. 

Lilac Girls is based on the lives of several historical people during World War II. It is also the story of the Rabbits, who lived to tell their story at Ravensbruck concentration camp. 
The year is 1939, and Caroline Ferriday is a French consulate living in New York City. She helps the new arrivals, fresh off the boat, who are wealthy displaced citizens leaving France before Nazi Germany invades.
Kasia Kuzmerick is a teenager who lives in Lublin, Poland. Kasia' father is the director of the postal center. Her mother is an artist. Her sister, Zuzanna is a doctor working in a hospital. Kasia and her two friends are hiding in a field when German planes are first seen. They witness firsthand the brutality of Nazi Germany.
Herta Oberheuser is a new doctor living in Germany. She accepted a medical job working at a new women's camp.

I read this story in two days! That's 512 pages in two days. I was swept up in the story of these women.

Lilac Girls is an epic story telling so many stories of women in one volume.
The main characters are Caroline, Kasia, and Herta. 
Caroline is a socialite. She attends parties and gala events with celebrities and political figures. During the war she multi-tasks at several duties, all for the war cause.
Kasia is a young girl filled with dreams and hope. She is crushed by what she witnessed, and she became swept up in a cause that held consequences.
Herta is a dark person. She is without feeling, and cold as an iceberg. She believes in the Nazi ideology, even going so far as to believe in Hitler's godlike religion.
Kelly gave strong representations of each character.
I didn't like reading Herta's story. I wanted to scratch her face. I wanted to rip out her hair. I wondered if she would ever understand what she had done?
Herta filled with so many emotions during the story pulled at my heart.
Caroline is hell on wheels. She had tireless energy. I envied her exuberance and vibrancy.

The secondary characters are the family members and friends of the women. They are also the women who were either the prisoners at Ravensbruck, or they worked as guards and medical personnel.

Lilac Girls covers the entirety of World War II. World War II began with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany on September 1, 1939. The war in Europe ended on May 8, 1945.
The progress of the war is presented in the story. Whether the war is on the Western front or the Eastern front, the war's progress is told.
After the war, the trials at Nuremberg is retold. 
Further exposition of history and culture is examined. For example, how the characters felt when Germany seemed to be winning, and later when they knew Germany would soon be defeated. In addition, culture standards of women in the work force and what kind of jobs they could hold is examined. And women and their resourcefulness and loyalty no matter the cost.
The power of the story is propelled by the three women. Often in fictional stories, a romantic element tips the story away from strong female characters. The strength of Lilac Girls rests with the female leads alone. No man, even if the women had male partners, did not hold a candle to the women.

Lilac Girls examines the macabre medical studies done by the German doctors at Ravensbruck. Their experiments had lasting effects on the prisoners who survived Ravensbruck. This part of the story is not something I'd read much about. The lasting effects of the medical procedures, the war itself, and being a prisoner at Ravensbruck caused PTSD. At this time, counseling was not available for survivors. The condition was rarely discussed. People effected by the war wanted to "move-on" after the war ended. But, moving on was impossible. Through the later part of the story, Kelly depicted through characters their difficulties with PTSD.


Further links of interest:
Ravensbruck, from the Holocaust Museum.
Personal histories at Ravensbruck, from the Holocaust Museum.
History and Overview of Ravensbruck, from the Jewish Virtual Library.
Ravensbruck, from Jewish Gen.
Meet Dorothea Binz, Brutal Ravensbruck Guard Who Kissed Her Boyfriend as Prisoners Were Whipped. This link is from Martha Hall Kelly.

YouTube of Ravensbruck Trial Ends.

YouTube of The Rabbits of Ravensbruck. The video is subtitled.

Also from YouTube. I've included the 1st video only. 

          Wildlife Disease Journal Digest        

Browse complete Digest publication library here

Prevalence and phenology of white-nose syndrome fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats from Poland
Central European Journal of Biology. 2014 Apr; 9(4): 437-443. doi:10.2478/s11535-013-0280-z
Konrad Sachanowicz, Arkadiusz Stepien, Mateusz Ciechanowski

Changes in Capture Rates in a Community of Bats in New Hampshire during the Progression of White-Nose Syndrome
Northeastern Naturalist. 2013 Oct; 20(4):552-558. doi: 10.1656/045.020.0405
Paul R. Moosman, Jr., Jacques P. Veilleux, Gary W. Pelton and Howard H. Thomas

Hummingbird health: pathogens and disease conditions in the family Trochilidae
Journal of Ornithology. 2014 Jan; 155(1): 1-12. doi:10.1007/s10336-013-0990-z
Loreto A. Godoy, Lisa A. Tell, Holly B. Ernest

Genetic Structure of Avian Influenza Viruses from Ducks of the Atlantic Flyway of North America
PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(1): e86999. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086999
Huang Y, Wille M, Dobbin A, Walzthöni NM, Robertson GJ, et al.

Extended Viral Shedding of a Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus by Striped Skunks (Mephitis mephitis)
PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(1): e70639. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070639
Root JJ, Shriner SA, Bentler KT, Gidlewski T, Mooers NL, et al.

Selecting Essential Information for Biosurveillance—A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis
PLoS ONE. 2014; 9(1): e86601. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086601
Generous N, Margevicius KJ, Taylor-McCabe KJ, Brown M, Daniel WB, et al. 

Two new species of Haemoproteus Kruse, 1890 (Haemosporida, Haemoproteidae) from European birds, with emphasis on DNA barcoding for detection of haemosporidians in wildlife
Syst Parasitol. 2014 Feb;87(2):135-51. doi: 10.1007/s11230-013-9464-1. Epub 2014 Jan 29.
Dimitrov D, Zehtindjiev P, Bensch S, Ilieva M, Iezhova T, Valkiūnas G.

Diverse inter-continental and host lineage reassortant avian influenza A viruses in pelagic seabirds
Infect Genet Evol. 2014 Jan 23. pii: S1567-1348(14)00017-3. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2014.01.014. [Epub ahead of print]
Huang Y, Robertson GJ, Ojkic D3, Whitney H, Lang AS.

Ocean warming and acidification have complex interactive effects on the dynamics of a marine fungal disease
Proc Biol Sci. 2014 Jan 22;281(1778):20133069. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.3069. Print 2014.
Williams GJ, Price NN, Ushijima B, Aeby GS, Callahan S, Davy SK, Gove JM, Johnson MD, Knapp IS, Shore-Maggio A, Smith JE, Videau P, Work TM.

Laridae: A neglected reservoir that could play a major role in avian influenza virus epidemiological dynamics
Crit Rev Microbiol. 2014 Jan 22. [Epub ahead of print]
Arnal A, Vittecoq M, Pearce-Duvet J, Gauthier-Clerc M, Boulinier T, Jourdain E.

Detection of mecC-positive Staphylococcus aureus (CC130-MRSA-XI) in diseased European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) in Sweden
PLoS One. 2013 Jun 12;8(6):e66166. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066166. Print 2013.
Monecke S, Gavier-Widen D, Mattsson R, Rangstrup-Christensen L, Lazaris A, Coleman DC, Shore AC, Ehricht R.

Climatic variables are associated with the prevalence of biliary trematodes in otters
Int J Parasitol. 2013 Aug;43(9):729-37. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2013.04.006. Epub 2013 Jun 7.
Sherrard-Smith E, Chadwick EA, Cable J.

Evolution of a reassortant North American gull influenza virus lineage: drift, shift and stability
Virol J. 2013 Jun 6;10:179. doi: 10.1186/1743-422X-10-179.
Hall JS, Teslaa JL, Nashold SW, Halpin RA, Stockwell T, Wentworth DE, Dugan V, Ip HS.

Risk Assessment of H2N2 Influenza Viruses from the Avian Reservoir
 J. Virol. 2014 Jan; 88(2): 1175-1188. [Epub ahead of print 2013 Nov 13]. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02526-13
Jeremy C. Jones et al.

Emerging Infectious Diseases - February 2014
Volume 20, Number 2

          Tyler Cowen on Stubborn Attachments, Prosperity, and the Good Society        

Stubborn%20Attachments.png Tyler Cowen of George Mason University and the co-host of the blog Marginal Revolution talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about Stubborn Attachments, his book-length treatment of how to think about public policy. Cowen argues that economic growth--properly defined--is the moral key to maintaining civilization and promoting human well-being. Along the way, the conversation also deals with inequality, environmental issues, and education.

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Right-click or Option-click, and select "Save Link/Target As MP3.

Readings and Links related to this podcast episode

Related Readings
This week's guest: This week's focus: Additional ideas and people mentioned in this podcast episode: A few more readings and background resources: A few more EconTalk podcast episodes:


Podcast Episode Highlights

Intro. [Recording date: July 24, 2017.]

Russ Roberts: This is your 10th appearance on EconTalk.

Tyler Cowen: Yeah. That's great.

Russ Roberts: I know. It is. It puts you in the elite group of double-digit guests. Your most recent appearance was two months ago in May when we talked about your book The Complacent Class; and today we're talking a new book that you've written that's online--you can find it at; we're going to be putting a link up to it. The title is Stubborn Attachments: A Vision for a Society of Free, Prosperous, and Responsible Individuals. What's your central claim or claims? What are you trying to advance in this book?

Tyler Cowen: Since I was a graduate student I've been interested in the normative foundations of economics and political judgments. And in this book I try to argue we can actually solve the biggest issues in judging what makes a political or economic order right, why do we prefer one economic policy over another. So, it's a very philosophical book. And, unlike a lot of philosophy, which tends to lead to a kind of an anihilism or extreme skepticism, in this I try to suggest we actually have all the answers. We just need to be bold. And we can go through what those answers are. But, that's the overview of this fairly short book. I've worked on it for about 20 years, spending maybe a month or two a year trying to improve it. And then I figured finally it was ready.

Russ Roberts: Well, it's a really interesting book and it does make a bold claim--more than one bold claim--which your summary captures one of those claims. Which is: We've figured it out. So, that's a bit strong. It's a strong claim, not just a bold claim. What have we figured out? What do you think is the central way we should be deciding the policy issues that divide us?

Tyler Cowen: Economists for a long time have focused on economic growth, but most philosophers typically have not. I argue that if you systematically introduce the idea of sustainable economic growth into philosophy, welfare economics, social choice theory, that that allows you really to clear up a lot of different problems. And think of the fundamental problem in so much of philosophy as being what we call aggregation. If, you know, John wants one TV show and Sally wants to watch another show, and they only have one TV, well, how do we judge which is the better outcome? There's different attempts to solve that problem. Some people are egalitarians; other people want to maximize utility of the two. But I argue we should take a straightforward economic approach and basically ask, 'Well, what would they trade to do?' and then I aggregate this approach to the whole economy. And basically if you have one economy with a rate of compound growth over time higher than that of another economy, over some number of decades one of those situations will just very clearly be better than the other for almost everyone. So, that's the starting point of the book. The chapters cover a lot more issues. But that's kind of my entry point into the stuff talked about by John Rawls, Robert Nozick, Derek Parfit and other people.


Russ Roberts: How would you say that conclusion differs from simply saying we should pursue what's "efficient"? Which is a phrase I do not like. It has a very narrow meaning in economics: It basically means that we--well, I won't even try to summarize it. But help me out here. What's the difference between your economic approach and traditional economic welfare approaches?

Tyler Cowen: Efficiency typically is quite a static concept. One novelty in my argument is I claim we should use an intergenerational discount rate of zero. That is, the distant future we should not discount at all. There's positive time preference within a life, but over the course of generations no one is sitting around impatiently waiting to be born. And once you adopt that move, the further-out future becomes very important for our deliberations. And then the gains from getting this higher compound rate of economic growth, they really do just overwhelm anything else in the calculation. And the typical more static or a-temporal economic treatment of efficiency--it may be useful for some problems, but it doesn't give you this whole perspective across time about how to think about, you know, social choices in general.

Russ Roberts: I guess one way to think about it, now that I've gotten over stubbing[?] my brain there--it's earlier here in California where I'm recording this, so obviously I'm behind. One could argue that efficiency is making sure that the pie is as large as possible right now. And what you are suggesting is that we ought to make sure that the pie grows as fast as it can grow going forward.

Tyler Cowen: That's right.

Russ Roberts: Would you say that's a decent--?

Tyler Cowen: That's a good way to put it. Yes.

Russ Roberts: So, most people would say--I want to come back to the technical issue of discounting. I find your approach deeply appealing; and one piece of it deeply flawed--and I'll let you defend it. But let's just start with this idea that I think is not compelling to most people. It sounds very technocratic that we should just, 'Oh, let the economy grow as fast as possible; eventually everything will work out well.' A lot of people would find that unappealing, for one reason being it's mainly focusing on material well-being. And I know you have an answer to that; so I want you to answer that. The other, of course, is that it may leave a lot of people behind. People are very worried about that; rightfully so. So, try to deal with those two.

Tyler Cowen: Let me first say I do adopt the qualification that maximizing growth should be subject to respecting human rights; and some human rights are absolute. We shouldn't trample over those even if it will somehow boost the growth rate. But on top of that, I think if you look at long enough time horizons, say, even relatively poor people today are much better off than they were in less wealthy societies of the 18th, 19th, or early 20th century--that they have access to cheap food, partial access to antibiotics, a much cleaner and healthier environment, safer water. And that even though some people are going to gain much more than others, if you take a longer term time perspective--I don't think you quite get to a literal unanimity of all humans being better off. Say, some people who love power or who want to see the impoverishment of others--they'll be worse off. But, from a practical point of view, virtually all people are better off, say, in a society that has 5 or 7 times the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of an alternative course for economic policy.

Russ Roberts: So, if I might, I just want to defend you a little more, completely in your point about human rights. You also say that leisure counts. And the environment counts.

Tyler Cowen: Absolutely. And without the environment working, none of this will be sustainable. So, the long time perspective--it both puts a higher priority on the environment, but also a higher priority on economic growth. And it gives you some metric for trading those things off against each other.


Russ Roberts: So, I find the argument extremely compelling in many dimensions. I want to cast it in a different way, which is--I've used this in a couple of my books; I really think it's the right way to think about it--which is: If you asked a person in 1900 who suffered through economic change, who suffered through, say, the transformation of agriculture, the industrialization in the second half of the 19th century, there's a lot of hardship that that imposed. At the same time, the wellbeing of the children and grandchildren of those people were so extraordinarily and stunningly great compared to their lives that a lot of people--those people themselves would say this was a good deal. So, that to me is the logic of what you are talking about in taking a long-term perspective. But, for me, part of that requires a connection between the generations that's through love, which I think is often ignored, and it is there. And I'm wondering whether people alive today who maybe are less likely to have children than people in the past, whether some of those arguments don't work quite as well. What are your thoughts on that?

Tyler Cowen: Well, keep in mind, this book is in a sense a companion to my trade release, The Complacent Class. And that's a book about how we're less willing to incur one-off costs for a much better future. So, if you are just asking, you know, 'How are people behaving today?' I think we have less of that willingness to sacrifice for the future; more sense of entitlement: 'I'm not going to give up anything now, no matter what it may bring later on.' So, I think we're moving in the wrong direction. I think even people who don't have children or who maybe do not love their children should be able to see the morally forcing nature of, 'We should choose the outcome that will both enable civilization to last for longer'--which is really compelling when you think about what means--'and have a higher standard of living for virtually all human beings.' I think those are the strongest values we can possibly cite, especially when combined with this notion of inalienable human rights as a kind of binding side-constraint on what we can do.

Russ Roberts: Why is it important have a high standard of living? That sounds like a very--I know you have a much richer conception of that idea, but to most people that sounds very--it's something an economist would say who doesn't have much understanding about the human experience.

Tyler Cowen: Keep in mind this isn't just money we're talking about. It's leisure time. It's ability to maintain your health, your ability to control your time. What people value and are willing to trade off against other goods. But, people who have higher living standards, there's plenty of good evidence that they tend to be happier within their societies. They live longer lives. They suffer less pain. They recover better from trauma. They are better able to be charitable to the rest of the world or people less fortunate than they are. I think most of what we consider the virtues co-moves with having a much higher level of social wealth.

Russ Roberts: What about the argument that right now--I don't accept the argument but many people do--that many people are left behind in our economy. They don't share in the growth: the rising tide isn't lifting all boats any more. So your argument was great in the 1700s, 1800s, 1900s; doesn't hold today.

Tyler Cowen: Well, I think today we're doing a very bad job at maximizing the rate of economic growth. So, if a person is complaining that right now we're not doing what I'm suggesting, I'm fully on board with that. Do I think there are plenty of changes we can make to economic policy that would both boost growth and improve the lot of people who are less fortunate--say, starting with education, or deregulating building, or helping our society be less crony-capitalist, more mobile and so on--there's plenty we can do. We're not doing it. We're totally failing; and we're the complacent class. And we need to get our act together. And this gets back to the two books' being complements to each other: But of course we're failing at that.


Russ Roberts: I guess--let's take some particular issues. Other people would pick different issues that they think are holding the economy back. And I want you to use the framework of the book to try to deal with them. And, underlying some of your claims, I would say--at least the way I read it and correct me if I'm wrong--there's a view that the Left and the Right could come together on many of these issues and not disagree as much as they appear to. So, issues that I think about, that we fight about--Left and Right--or things like immigration, issues like minimum wage or labor market regulation, tax policy: Do you think there are choices--there are opportunities--choose a word--that there's low-hanging fruit in the growth sphere that we're missing that could make a big improvement and that in theory Left and Right could agree on?

Tyler Cowen: Sure. Just to take tax policy: American tax policy is one of the most complicated in the world. In some regards we tax capital at too high a rate; it slows down innovation. You have American firms shifting operations or just accounting profits overseas for the sole purpose of evading tax; that can really make sense. Most economists--and I include Democrats in this designation; Republicans, Democrats--think we could have a much better tax code and it would boost our rate of growth. So, we should do it.

Russ Roberts: Okay; well, I think the idea is--that's one I think there is some agreement on among economists. Examples like lowering the corporate tax rate or changing the way we treat profits overseas. But the height of marginal rates--I guess the thing that comes to my mind, when I was reading your book--when I was being trained as an economist, there was this so-called equity-and-efficiency tradeoff. It's kind of what your book is about, at least the way it was framed when I was younger. Which is that if we try to redistribute income on the grounds of fairness or political expediency, either one, that we're going to pay a price in either efficiency--the pie is going to be smaller than it would be--or, more importantly in your case, the pie is not going to grow as fast. What evidence do you think we have that there is this potentially much higher growth rate awaiting us if we had better economic policy?

Tyler Cowen: Well, let me first just go back a second and say I do think some redistributions could boost the rate of economic growth a lot, and they have in the past: Public health programs would be an example. Giving poor people more resources so they have more opportunity and they have a better chance to become creators or maybe even later, inventors. So, I don't think it means no redistribution. I think it says we should check redistribution by what kinds of redistribution will maximize the growth rate. I think in many particular individual areas in economics there is good evidence that particular reforms would boost economic growth. There is work by Enrico Moretti, for instance, that by deregulating building this would boost GDP and give people more opportunity that would be pro-egalitarian as well. Medical innovation: I think there's good evidence there that some policies have helped it; other policies have hurt it. Obviously, we should do more to help it. The tax code: I think there's some economic issues that don't fit into my book. So, you mentioned the minimum wage, what everyone thinks of that. And I tend to be skeptical of minimum wages. But I don't think there's anything in the framework of my book that clears up whether or not we should do it, because odds are it could well be neutral with respect to growth, even if there's this one-time reason not to put those people out of work. So, I don't think the framework handles all economic issues, but those that are growth-related or growth-sensitive, yes.


Russ Roberts: Let's talk about the mobility issue, and we'll start with inside the country. You referenced Moretti's work on regulation of housing supply; and a lot of people are starting to wonder about this. What's your take on this? Do you think we've made--it appears, it seems to me, and I don't have strong evidence for it, but it seems to me we've made a catastrophic set of mistakes in urban housing policy that, for reasons that--we can debate what the underlying cause is--but, a lot of people would be more productive living in the larger American cities. And those cities have become extremely expensive. I find it interesting that we--we have a lot of stories to tell about it, but the evidence is not so open and shut. Or, maybe you think it is. Talk about that.

Tyler Cowen: I wouldn't say it's open and shut. But here's the thing that happened that surprised many people, myself included. The extent to which clustering benefits--having so many smart tech people together in San Francisco, or so many people in the arts or creative industries together in New York or Manhattan--those lately have been a lot stronger than most people expected. I think there was a sense of, 'Well, maybe I don't favor these building restrictions, but maybe, you know, there'll be overflow: some people will move to Atlanta. They'll move to Tulsa, OK, or wherever. They won't be quite as productive, but, you know, we'll work around it.' And how wrong that's turned out to have been. I think information technology in particular, is remarkably clustered. It's a bit like movie project evaluation in Hollywood or finance in New York, London, and Hong Kong. So, we're moving more toward clustering. And that's made, you know, a more or less constant policy be a lot more costly. And I think, you know, there are studies, like the Moretti articles. But also, just intuitively, you see productive people who want to move to San Francisco and they tell you, 'Hey, I can't afford it.' You then go to San Francisco; you see there's plenty of room there. I don't want to quite call that a proof; but what I would refer to as the anecdotal dimension. It very strongly supports the statistical work.

Russ Roberts: Yah, let's talk about that clustering for a minute. It's a digression, but it's one that intrigues me. We invoke that--that clustering argument, that people are more productive around people like them. But, of course, you don't interact with most of them. You can't, almost by definition--just the physical constraints of human life and time. So, I happen to be in the Bay Area for the summer; I'm recording this on the Stanford campus, which sometimes feels like the center of the tech universe. And I meet a lot of really smart people here who are working in startups or in larger firms. And, is it really important that they are near other really smart people? It's hard to understand, for me. The place feels alive about these issues. It feels like a more dynamic place than, say, suburban Maryland where I live during the year. But, what's the underlying reality that's driving that productivity that we claim? I'm not sure that I understand what it is.

Tyler Cowen: Keep in mind, in an indirect way you do interact with all of them. So, there's some kind of aggregation mechanism for information, so the best ideas get passed along, and you are in closer contact with those ideas. You understand them better in context. So, maybe if, in only the course of a week you only speak to 10 people; but those 10 people have spoken to 10 people who in turn--and so on down a chain. And what gets passed along are the best ideas relative to, say, the Bay Area. It's like being the Think Tank world in or near Washington, D.C. In the course of a week or month, how many other Think Tankers do I meet? You know, it depends where I go. But even if I only meet a few, what I'm hearing are the best dribs and drabs that world is producing. And then, on the hiring side, when you are going out to give people a job and set them to work doing something, and your company might have to ramp up quickly--you know, in the tech world you can't do that in Tallahassee. Actually, in the public policy world, you really can't do that in San Francisco very well. So, you know, I even live some of that firsthand as having a role at Mercatus Center and George Mason University doing hiring; and you see just how important that clustering is. If you are doing public policy work, you want to be near Washington, D.C. And you do learn from everyone here, even if you only meet with 10 of them.

Russ Roberts: I don't think I've ever heard it romanticized that way, as "dribs and drabs." But I think you meant it in a positive way.

Tyler Cowen: Yes, absolutely. I was [?].


Russ Roberts: Let me think about it maybe a slightly different way, which ties into this point about mobility. If a firm did start in Tallahassee, and it didn't work out--which most of them of course don't--most startups don't make it--you've got to move from Tallahassee. You've got to leave. You've got to start over. I think one of these advantages of these clusters that we are talking about is that once you are there--and I'm talking now about the worker, not the firm, but of course the firm also have economies of scale in this. But for a worker, you know, if it doesn't work out at Google, there are other places I can work that demand my skills; and I don't have to relocate to Minneapolis or Boston or New York or Washington or Chicago. And that's nice. Maybe--

Tyler Cowen: Especially for two-earner couples, right?

Russ Roberts: Correct, where you've got to find that second--

Tyler Cowen: [?]

Russ Roberts: Yeah. That just reinforces the point. I just wonder: I feel like we've made everything just a little harder for people to relocate, both in terms of real estate policy, and maybe some of it's emotional--maybe some of it's a wealth effect, that we don't like to start over when we're successful. I'm just trying to figure out why it's different. Why is it different now than 25, 30, 40, 50 years ago? It's hard to understand. Right? It's easy to tell the story at a point in time. It's a little harder to make the claim over time, it seems to me.

Tyler Cowen: Well, look at what's grown in our economy. It's been information technology, finance, and creative industries, among other areas. Those are all very clustering-intensive. Something like cement production--you know, the cement producers are not all clustered in one part of Ohio. They are fairly spread out through the country because transporting cement is costly. So, so much of our economic growth has coming in clustering intensive areas. That's changed a lot. Schooling has become more of a race: there is a lot more credentialism. So, having your kid in the right school is more important. And that makes, say, Manhattan, San Francisco, much more problematic: you've got to pay for private schooling. For a lot of parents, that has changed and intensified. So, I think there are some things we can point to that seem pretty clearly in line with the overall story. The world being globalized, also. You want to reach global markets. Well, that's harder to do from Tallahassee. It's easier from New York or San Francisco. So, the value of being there is now much higher.

Russ Roberts: Why do you think credentialism has grown the way it has? Why is it so important? Why do parents suffer? And that slightly goes against your point earlier about being willing to sacrifice for the future. Right? Parents relentlessly sacrifice for their children, to get them into the best private schools, the best universities. And, I've always been somewhat of a skeptic on that for my children. Part of it's my educational past. And part of it's just I feel like I've been in the kitchen. And, I know what the differences are between the most prestigious and the not-quite-as-prestigious schools. And it's a big premium that people pay for it; and personally, it's not worth it for me. But what do you think--why has that gotten "worse" or, depending on your view of it, why has it changed so much in the last 20 years?

Tyler Cowen: Some of it is the law. So there are more licenses for more professions than ever before. Some of it is just overall growth of the service sector which tends to have more certification, even if it's of the non-legal sort. I think some of it is the greater complexity and indeed value of production: so, a lot of entrepreneurs, they don't want to take so many chances, so they want the Masters' degree or the Ivy League or Top 30 education, whatever it will be. And then some of it is this kind of signaling game where it inches up, what credential you need; in every generation it gets a bit worse. And it used to be to be an undergraduate degree; now it's a Masters'. Maybe someday it will be a Ph.D. And that's just institutions getting out of whack and no one really pulling the plug and really just saying, 'No.' I think all of those put together.

Russ Roberts: Isn't some of it just demographic? That a very large cohort of the offspring of baby boomers is going through the university pipeline and there isn't enough? The costs of entry are very high. It's very difficult to start a first-rate university from scratch--

Tyler Cowen: Sure. Harvard doesn't take[?] that many more people. Yeah--

Russ Roberts: Yeah. Which is a puzzle, by the way.

Tyler Cowen: Yes, I agree.

Russ Roberts: They've tried to, right? Implicitly. Most of the great universities now are using MOOCs (massive open online courses) in other ways to extend their franchise and market share in a different dimension. But it's not--if you think of university as I do, as a finishing school for certain types of people, that role is very difficult to get online. So, the networking and the socialization part of college, the--what people are really willing to pay for, and they want a certain kind of product that's very difficult to create from scratch, almost by definition.

Tyler Cowen: Well, the actual degree, the four-year degree with your name on it: Harvard admissions have gone up a bit; Princeton, Yale--they are working on it a little. But it's nothing compared to what a normal market would bring, which is this huge increase in demand stemming from globalization and higher return to skills--

Russ Roberts: Yup--

Tyler Cowen: and you would think, like, these schools would grow by a factor of 5, 10, 15. Whatever. But, of course, it's nothing like that. Maybe they boost admissions by 10% and then boast about it and say they are doing their best. And they cut tuition for the poorest students. But it's basically the same game but with more people trying to rush through the entrance.


Russ Roberts: Let's think about that just for a second. Why is it--and when I was at [the University of] Chicago in graduate school in the 1980s, in the late 1970s, Chicago had struggled in the late 1960s and 1970s with crime. And they thought about relocating--I think to Arizona. It's interesting that they didn't start a second campus. And then things got better. But--and they decided to stay. I think it was a threat to the city, basically: Rumor had it that the city punished Hyde Park, where the University is, for not supporting Mayor Daly and other Democratic candidates. So they would give them--they supported them in the election, but in the Primary they would always support the challenger. And so they'd give them lousy police service and lousy roads--no clearing--and garbage pickup. So the University created its own police department. Which was pretty effective. But they threatened to move--partially, I think just as a threat. But, why didn't they--not move, but why don't they create, why don't universities create franchises, extend the brand name? It's one thing to say, 'Well, Stanford wouldn't be Stanford if were 70,000 students.' That's true. But why isn't there a Stanford East, or a Harvard West, or a Chicago South? Why don't universities--or a George Mason West? You know, George Mason has a much better reputation than its sort-of on-paper quality--because it's distinctive. And its economics department is a huge part of that. Why wouldn't George Mason try to exploit that reputational advantage somewhere else outside of Virginia?

Tyler Cowen: I think it's hard to do. Keep in mind what makes George Mason, say, special, is faculty of a particular kind. So you can't duplicate those faculty in a Star-Trek-like machine. You might hope to hire the equivalent. But to tell people, 'Well, there's this new school, George Mason West.' And it's starting with near-zero faculty and you're the first one to go there; and the colleagues you really want to interact with, they are 3000 miles away. I'm not saying no one would take it. But it's not such a compelling offer if faculty is a scarce asset. Keep in mind: Many schools do now have branches. Most commonly you see this branching into Singapore. There's a bit into China. Some--George Mason has a program in Korea. These are all new. We're not sure how they'll go. I think some of them actually will work. So, the branching we're seeing is into this high-demand area of Asia. And I think there's also about admitting too many Asians into the main campus branch for a lot of schools. And this is a way around that.

Russ Roberts: Yeah, but I think you are--obviously, the faculty is a key part. I don't know how--it's quite as irreplaceable or unduplicatable as you might want to think. But, you'd think there would be some faculty who might want to live somewhere else other than Fairfax.

Tyler Cowen: I think that a Harvard/California could work. I believe normatively Harvard should do it. I see zero signs they are about to. It would mean a dilution of control, a lot of headaches, a lot of new legal issues. You know, some reputational risk. But you could increase the number of people getting into some version of Harvard by really quite a bit. And that would be a wonderful thing for the country. And the world.

Russ Roberts: So, I'm going to suggest a simpler explanation for this. Which is: Nobody has an incentive to do it. The faculty like where they are, mostly. There's no owner. The alums [alumni, alumns--Econlib Ed.] are something of a residual claimant. They are probably against this. They, as you say, they risk diluting their own reputational name.

Tyler Cowen: That's right. They are significant, the alums.

Russ Roberts: Yup, very. But it's just interesting how--it always bewilders my parents--that no one's really--there's no boss in a modern American university. The Provost or the President only give the illusion of control. It's a very strange enterprise. And it's interesting because it's something we ought to think about given how important it is, or at least how important it seems to be in our lives--both not just material lives, in the economic growth that we're talking about, but in other ways as well.

Tyler Cowen: But these universities, they do take other value-maximizing actions, like trying to improve the sports team or treating their donors better or having the lawn look nice on graduation day. So, they're not incapable of responding to incentives. So, I suspect this idea of control is quite central, and risk, and alums, and the administration and the board just not wanting the headaches. And it's like when a lot of departments grow, the previous incumbents lose control. Some similar issues.

Russ Roberts: But I really think it gets at the heart of what's dysfunctional about the non-profit sector, in general--and there are many wonderful things about them, the non-profit sector; I've sung its praises many times on the program, so don't misunderstand me. But the inevitable challenge of non-profits in my experience is that they want to grow. They just want to be bigger. They will sacrifice their mission, after a while. At first, the first founders of the organization and the early leaders are passionate about the mission; and they are very careful to make sure the mission is preserved. But after a while, the leaders care about just bigger. And they are willing to sacrifice the mission if bigger is the result. And that's just because there's no incentive for them to do something else, unfortunately, except for the passion of the people who care about that mission, either of the workers or the employees or the staff; sometimes the donors. The donors do care: that's why they give, generally. But if you think about the modern American university, the amount of money that they are sitting on in the endowments is shocking, really, as a social phenomenon. Because I think most people have a romance about the university--that it's created to help people and to allow people to educate themselves, and teach them, and help transform the world. And if that were true, they would do something really different from what they are doing.

Tyler Cowen: I like the [?] of the new university called Minerva. I don't know if you've heard of it.

Russ Roberts: I have--

Tyler Cowen: You spend 4 years abroad with peers in a setting--so, you live in like Istanbul, Buenos Aires. You learn things from living there, and then you take shorter, intense classes online with your group and receive instruction at a distance. That, too, is new. It's too soon to judge. But I have some hope that that will be a success and lead to some alternative models and more experimentation.

Russ Roberts: It's just interesting as a parent of a 17-year-old and two other college students who are in traditional universities, that, the idea of a parent saying, 'Oh, you ought to try this. This looks good,' the way you might say if a new car model came out, you might encourage them to try, or a new style of clothing. The amount that's at stake with your university degree is--at least it's perceived to be quite high. And so I think the challenge that Minerva has, and other innovators, is getting people to jump who might otherwise go to a first rate brick-and-mortar university. And maybe not get the return from it that they could get at a place like this one.

Tyler Cowen: I wish Harvard cared more about being bigger, actually. It seems to me, so many universities--they are willing to grow if they can grow in ways where they maintain some kinds of control. So, there's like new facilities; there's new external programs; there's new, say, athletics; new initiatives that require more administrators. But, just for the school to be bigger--I'm used to George Mason, which has gone from a few thousand students to 34,000 and improved quality pretty much the whole way through. Not that many schools are doing that. I'm spoilt, in a way. I know it's possible.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. Well. It's hard to steer those cats on the faculty. We know that.


Russ Roberts: Let's turn to some of the questions--let's go back to your book, although it's been fun talking about something only related tangentially to it. But, let's talk about what you would say is the low-hanging fruit for improving the rate of economic growth. You know, I find it deeply distressing that our current economic policy debate is over whether we should renegotiate NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement). It's sort of the central piece of what we're debating. I guess another piece would be our tax policy. None of which is going well. Could be political reasons for that, obviously. But some of it I think has to do with our ideological differences in the country. What would you recommend that we do to boost the economic growth rate?

Tyler Cowen: The United States--I think we should commit truly to free trade, which we are not doing now. I think our government actually should spend more supporting scientific research. You and I may disagree on that. I think we should radically deregulate building. I feel in almost all areas of the economy we should deregulate economic activity; I would say the environment and finance are more complicated stories there. Those are partial exceptions. Have systematic tax reform and treat capital income better. Those would just be a few things offhand that I would recommend.

Russ Roberts: What's complicated about finance?

Tyler Cowen: We have this thing called 'deposit insurance'--

Russ Roberts: Because I disagree with you on the science part; but if I got your whole platform, I'd be thrilled. I'd be happy to take a little too much science research that might be spent not so well, to get the rest of it. So, I'm sorry: I interrupted you. What's the issue with finance?

Tyler Cowen: We have this thing called 'deposit insurance,' which, even if you abolished on paper, the actual guarantee in my opinion will not go away as long as we have Congress in the modern world. So that means there's some kind of backstop. So, there's always a chance financial institutions take depositors' money or creditors' money and in essence bring it to the casino to take too much risk in non-productive ways. And I do think the government has to do something to control that. My favorite direction is to have higher capital requirements. So, in essence the banks are first playing with their own money. But even capital requirements--they are not a simple thing to see through and enforce. And I think this will require a fair amount of financial regulation. And if we don't do that, we'll end up with periodic crises that will lead to even more financial regulation and possibly nationalization. So, I think that's a very tricky issue. But I don't think just, you know, hands off laissez faire makes sense there.

Russ Roberts: What about environmental issues? You just mention them but you also spend a decent amount of time in the book talking them. How do they interact with the issues of growth that you are talking about? A lot of people would argue that growth is bad for the environment. Economists typically answer, 'Yeah, but countries that grow at higher rates and get wealthier tend to take care of the environment.' What's your take?

Tyler Cowen: Most aspects of the environment improve with economic growth. Clean water is an example. Clean air is an example. There's something known as the Kuznets Curve--that as societies become wealthier, they do a better job cleaning up. That's true; but keep in mind, in part we have the Kuznets Curve because some government regulation is used. It's by no means entirely due to regulation, but partly it is. But, I think on this one issue of carbon, we see a lot of countries getting wealthier and not really doing much, if anything, to clean up their carbon emissions. And in that instance I would consider something like a carbon tax. And, if need be, cut taxes on other capital income to make up for the difference.

Russ Roberts: So, you wouldn't say we should grow as fast as we can so we can adapt to the climate change that might be coming?

Tyler Cowen: Well, I think a carbon tax is the way to grow as fast as we can. Look at it that way. We've got to tax something, right? So, you can either tax productive labor or you can tax something that with some probably emits a negative externality. In almost any model, taxing the negative externality will give you higher growth.


Russ Roberts: At one point, you ask about what we can do to make our civilization more stable. What are you thinking about there? What do you mean by 'making our civilization more stable'? And, what kind of actions do you think would be relevant?

Tyler Cowen: Since WWII, we've lived in this funny upswing, where so many countries have had higher and higher standards of living, and more democracy, and in general a higher degree of public order. And we've started to treat that as historically normal. I don't know whether or not it's historically normal. But if you go back and you read classic history, or study antiquity, or for that matter, you know, read the Hebrew Bible, I think you get a very different perspective on what history normally looks like. So, I think there are key issues, such as cyber-security, nuclear terrorism, foreign policy. Hardly do we ignore those things. But I don't think they are sufficiently a civilizational priority. There are forms of existential risk that we could do more to protect ourselves against. But I think we're too complacent to actually do it. And furthermore, so much of the budget is spent on other things, it comes across to people as a difficult-to-swallow tax hike. I would much rather we spend more money limiting risk at the civilizational level than what we are doing now.

Russ Roberts: A lot of people are worried about inequality. We touched on this earlier but I want to come back to it now. And, a lot of people would argue that it's the central problem of our age; it does put our society at risk of instability because there's a pervasive sense of unfairness--is the claim. What are your thoughts on how we should deal with that and how it might interact with the growth rate that you are more focused on?

Tyler Cowen: Well, as we've discussed, there's lots we could do that would increase opportunity for people who now are less skilled or have lower incomes. But, I'm not persuaded by the view the inequality is somehow the root cause of political instability. If I look at a place such as Poland, which right now is flirting with semi-Fascistic idea or non-democratic ideas in a dangerous way, they've had a wonderful economic performance, for the most part. A lot of productive manufacturing jobs have come into Poland, actually, from Western Europe. It's a far, far nicer and better place than it had been under Soviet domination. And yet they are flirting with illiberal ideas. Now, I don't pretend to know why that's the case. But whenever I hear a kind of simple equation of, 'Here's this domestic tendency I don't like about American policy, so I'm going to say it's the root cause behind politicians I don't like, social movements I don't like, street crime, violence, collapse of public order.' When you actually look at the literature, the literature seems to suggest inequality gives rise to some disillusionment and some disengagement. Those are bad things. But if anything causes instability, you know, it can be rising expectations in some cases. So, I don't think we really understand the political consequences of inequality. But, I hear a lot of claims batted around that probably aren't true.


Russ Roberts: Let's turn to a philosophical question, which is utilitarianism, which you write quite a bit about in the book. I think you define yourself as a 2/3 utilitarian. What do you mean by that?

Tyler Cowen: Well, that was a little tongue in cheek. But, I think if you are looking at a public policy, the first question you should ask should be the utilitarian question: Will this make most people better off? It's not the endpoint. You also need to ask about justice. And you should consider distribution. I think you should consider, say, how human beings are treating animals. You might want to consider other broader considerations. But that's the starting point. And if your policy fails the utilitarian test, I'm not saying it can never be good. But it has, really, a pretty high bar to clear. So, when I said "two thirds," that's what I meant.

Russ Roberts: So, I like that, too. I mean, my view is it's sort of a starting point. It's not the end point. For a lot of people, it is the end point. But you write quite a bit--and I find it intriguing: Some of the more, harsher demands that utilitarianism might place on us. And, they are not so easy to answer. So, talk about what some of those are, about, say, having an ice cream cone when people are starving; or working selfishly at your job when you could relocate, say, as a doctor, and help poor people outside the United States. What are your thoughts on those? Talk about what some of what those issues are and then give us your take on them.

Tyler Cowen: Well, this is the Peter Singer conundrum: How can you enjoy that active personal consumption, that chocolate ice cream cone, when, dot-dot-dot people are starving? You've been hearing this from your parents when you are a kid: How can you leave food on your plate when there's hungry children in Africa? Whatever the tale used to be. That's a morally interesting question, but I don't think it's the most relevant question. I think the most relevant question is: What can you do so the global economy grows at a higher rate? And that's going to help the poor, including in other countries more than anything else because of technology transfer, remittances, immigration. Multinationals, hiring people at higher wages, and so on. And if you ask the question, 'Well, what can I do for the poor in my own country, and other countries?' the answers will be to work really hard; try to innovate; save a lot; contribute to highly productive organizations. I do think we should feel a greater compulsion to do those things than we do now. So, I'm willing to bite that bullet. But, that to me is the moral dilemma. You know--not the ice cream cone. If the ice cream cone is what motivates people to produce value because they love ice cream, I say, 'Full steam ahead' with the ice cream cone. I'm worried that we are not innovating enough.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. For me, the argument is, is really a failure to understand, I think the other side--that people would say--I think the example I remember from, I think it's from Will MacAskill, or he might be taking it from Singer, is: How can you throw a birthday party for your kid? That's just the most selfish thing in the world, because that amount of money could have an enormous impact on the wellbeing of a person elsewhere in a poorer society. And I guess the problem I have with that is: I don't think we have a very good understanding of how to make people's lives better who aren't living in our society. And, all these conundrums, all these puzzles and clever hypotheticals--they ignore that. They always assume: Oh, you can take this money and transform this person's life. As if there's just a box you could put the money in. We don't have that box. You know, people would say to--I love it when people say to me, 'Do you think we should give money to help education in poor countries?' and I'd say, 'No,' and they'd say, 'You are a selfish person.' And I said, 'We can't even figure out how to use money in the United States to make people's lives better in education. Why would I be so presumptuous to think I could do it in a different society, where the governance structure, the political institutions are designed often to steal that money?' I just don't see any evidence that there's such a mechanism. And to then--I'm willing to--the bullet I'd bite is to try and find mechanisms that will actually work. But the idea that somehow it's selfish of me to want to keep my money when I can't help people's lives--I don't understand it.

Tyler Cowen: I'm more optimistic about philanthropy, perhaps, than you are. But, I would just take the stance that the much richer society will generate more philanthropy. You know, a lot of voluntary. Look at what Bill Gates is doing in Africa. I don't know that that's all working. I'm not well-informed about it. But he's certainly trying. And we know immigration works. We know having large multinationals who set up plants in other countries and hire people at hire wages--we know that works. We do know some things. I think we know, like, some number of public health programs work--if you vaccinate kids, or if we can get rid of malaria, or, you know, polio in some places, smallpox in others, that works. So, we know some things that work. And we've done a fair amount in those directions. So, to me, it would be strange to think we'll never find more things that work. But I think our path there is not kind of moralizing to people, and telling them to close up the birthday party or put down the ice cream cone. But, my goodness: Just could everyone, you know, working more, harder, smarter, and cultivating a culture of philanthropy? Which America largely has. To its benefit.

Russ Roberts: Yeah. Don't misunderstand me. I'm a big fan of philanthropy, and I try to give away 10% of my after-tax income every year, for religious reasons; and I think there are ways to do that that are smarter than others. And I think it's important, as a human being, and as a way to make the world a better place. I think the challenge is getting those to scale and doing it in an organized way--

Tyler Cowen: Sure.

Russ Roberts: So, I think the tougher criticism of my view would be: How can you only give 10%? And you make that point in your book: Given my relative material prosperity, I should be giving away maybe 40%. And I think that's--it's an interesting argument. I think I have to take that--I think a thoughtful person has to take that seriously who is living, you know, an incredibly rich life, not just in material wellbeing but in all the things that that material wellbeing brings, in terms of security and comfort. So, I think it's a legitimate question. And I do think that the way to do that is through private philanthropy rather than through the, sort of, government aid--which has a really bad track record.

Tyler Cowen: I know a person--he works in the financial sector in New York. He makes a lot of money; and he lives on almost nothing. He gives it all away. And I find that admirable. I think there should be more of it. But I wonder, given that human beings are what they are, how sustainable it would be to have too much more of it. I don't know. But I think the correct answer is to say, 'Yes, we should have more of this. Let's try a bit more and see how it goes.' I think that's right.


Russ Roberts: But, as you point out in the book, and I think it's related to your point just now about human nature and the human condition: If you are not careful, you become a slave. So, the argument would be--well, it's not 40%, but you'd be giving 75% or 80% away--because your standard of living is so much higher than other people's. We don't have to go to poor countries outside the United States. We're going to stick with the United States, actually.

Tyler Cowen: Fair.

Russ Roberts: So, people in West Virginia, Kentucky, Mississippi, you name it--in your own state: you don't have to leave your own state, just different parts--it's immoral for you to live as comfortably as you do because there are people who live very badly nearby. And I do think it's not so straightforward to say, 'Okay, how can I help make their lives better?' But suppose I do find that way. It's a weird thing to become a, uhh, a servant of their wellbeing. Some might say it's the highest human experience you could have. You know, your friend in New York maybe is very happy. I don't know. Is he, or is she? I don't know.

Tyler Cowen: He seems happy. Always hard to know. I'm not sure everyone could be happy that way.

Russ Roberts: Yah. I think that's a challenge[?}. The more important thing to think about, of course: the time factor. So, you are going to go to school, get a medical degree, work for 8 years so that you can give away an enormous amount of money, and make lots of people's lives more pleasant. I don't know if that's an appealing marketing ploy.

Tyler Cowen: Hmm.


Russ Roberts: At one point you talk about the Arrow Impossibility Theorem. And I think, right now, we are in a very interesting time in American politics. And partly as a result of nature of the partisan divide we are in right now--I think I am older than you. I remember when this divide was like this before. This is nothing new. I remember when Richard Nixon was in office. He was despised beyond words by his political opponents. So, it's not quite as new as it, as it might feel. But, there is something alarming about the state of things. And part of it, I think--part of it is the result of having an Electoral College: victors who didn't carry the popular vote; and that's very misleading, because once the incentives, the rules, are there, you should follow the rules. You are going to naturally try to win the Electoral College vote. Doesn't mean you would have lost the popular vote if that had been the only criterion. But there is a certain unease, I think, about the American political system. And I think of Arrow. I think of public choice generally. You talked about the aggregation problem; the challenge of the fact that we want different things: There's no such thing as 'The will of the people.' There's almost never such a thing even though it might get invoked. What is your philosophy in this book? What does it have to say about these issues?

Tyler Cowen: One of the core arguments of the book is the way to resolve aggregation problems like the Arrow Impossibility Theorem is to move away from the static framework and think dynamically in terms of economic growth. And then, at the social level, the book is very much an encouragement for people to think big, and to believe in very significant--you could almost call them 'transcendent'--values. And that ethical thought needs to have what you almost might call the religious component; though I mean the word "religious" in the broad sense and not necessarily about a particular god. And that that's part of the path to getting to growth maximization--is changing how we think about our own social reality. In today's America, I see us in so many ways as moving in the opposite direction: being more petty, being more polarized, being more at each others' throats. Being actually less religious in the good sense. Being more complacent and more risk averse. So, our own values matter. They are one of the things that matter the most for boosting the rate of economic growth.

Russ Roberts: Martha Nussbaum, recently, she and I both talked about transcendence. We had different understandings of it. So, this is--I don't think that word has been uttered until now, until Martha Nussbaum, on this program. And now, here it is again. And you've also now invoked religion, with a wink and an asterisk and a--I don't know what else. So, what do you mean by 'transcendent,' how you say; and what do you mean by 'religion'--quote "the good kind"--not any particular god? What does that mean to

          Lee Priest        

Name: Lee Andrew Priest McCutcheon
Born: July 6, 1972, Newcastle, Australia
Height: 5'4"
Off Season Weight: 230 Competition Weight: 203

Lee Priest was born to a "regular working-class family," as he puts it, and as he reached his teenage years, he began to dabble in rugby and karate. His grandfather, a former army wrestler, enrolled young Lee in the local police force's boys gymnastics club. The youngster had a habit of arriving before the gymnastics class started and -- being the adventurous lad he was -- working out with weights that were strewn around the secluded corner of the gym. This introduction to barbells and dumbbells occurred when Lee was 13.

Though he sported a lean and lithe physique that could never be described as skinny when he started, after only eight months of weight training, he had packed on impressive muscle size. In 1986, at the age of 14, he entered and won three local junior bodybuilding shows in quick succession against competitors three and four years older. Being onstage felt natural to him from the very first contest, and with that mind-set, he decided to "take this bodybuilding thing as far as I could." Initially, his family was a little wary of young Lee getting involved in the "weird" sport of bodybuilding, but they very quickly became supportive and have remained so ever since.

Lee Priest
The Blond Myth
Lee Priest
Another Blond Myth
Training Camp and
Career Highlights

2006 Iron Man
2006 Iron Man Pro
Pump Room DVD

A devoted reader of Flex and Muscle & Fitness, the teenager became enamored with the Austrian Oak. "Arnold became my idol," he says. As he progressed, Lee was increasingly drawn toward the freaky look, as embodied by pros like Tom Platz and Eddie Robinson. Lee's early 1994 resemblance to Platz, courtesy of his dyed blond hair, is dismissed as a coincidence, and the youngster has now reverted to his natural brown hue. In 1989, at the tender age of 17, Priest won the Mr. Australia title, the major one, not the teen division, and successfully defended it in 1990 and 1991. Too big for Australia, Priest jumped the island continent and took fourth in the lightweight division of the 1990 IFBB World Championships in Malaysia. The tiny terror then entered the 1991 World Championships in Poland as one of the precontest favorites, but in a major controversy, he failed the contest's drug test even though he had tested clean (twice!) prior to leaving Australia. Of that incident, Lee says candidly, "If I was on gear (drugs), I wouldn't have been in the lightweight (154-pound) class. I would have been at least 20 pounds heavier."

After the Polish debacle, Priest felt it was time to strut his stuff among the pose-for-pay brigade. He applied for his pro status with IFBB Pro Division Director Wayne DeMilia, but DeMilia turned down the 20-year-old's request, saying he was too young and not yet good enough to turn pro.

The Priest of pump thus became suspended in a kind of career limbo in 1992. In April 1993, hungry for competition, he journeyed to the States and entered the Niagara Falls open amateur contest, which is staged in conjunction with the annual Niagara Falls Pro Invitational.

A few days before that contest, Lee was in Gold's Gym, Venice, hitting a few shots after a workout when he was spotted by NPC President Jim Manion. Perusing the 181 cut pounds distributed on Lee's 5'4" frame, the canny Manion exclaimed: "You should be a pro."

After a flurry of red tape, Priest was consequently registered as an IFBB pro on the morning of the 1993 Niagara Flass Pro Invitational, and he duly made his debut with an impressive ninth-place finish. Many observers of that show said he should have placed higher, but in the slow-burn manner that personifies his character, Priest in an interview. "As long as I'm in my best shape and continue making progress, I'm content to let the placings take care of themselves," he said humbly.

On July 1, 2000 he married Cathy LeFrancois, a female bodybuilder, from whom he has since separated. Recently he was engaged to popular fitness pro Adela Garcia Friedmansky.

2006 Night of Champions (PDI), 1st
2006 Ironman Pro, 1st
2005 Grand Prix Australia, 1st
2002 Mr. Olympia 7th
2000 Ironman Pro Invitational 2nd
2000 Arnold Classic 1st
2000 Hungarian Grand Prix 1st
2000 Mr. Olympia 3rd
1999 Mr. Olympia 2nd
1999 Joe Weider's Pro World 2nd
1999 Grand Prix England - 2nd
1998 Mr Olympia 2nd
1998 Arnold Classic 1st
1998 Ironman Pro Invitational 1st
1997 San Jose Pro 1st
1997 Arnold Classic 1st
1997 Ironman Pro Invitational 1st
1996 Mr. Olympia 4th
1996 Florida Cup Pro 1st
1996 Canada Pro Classic 2nd
1996 Night of Champions 1st
1996 Arnold Classic 2nd
1996 Ironman Pro Invitational 1st
1995 Grand Prix Spain 5th
1995 Mr. Olympia 8th
1995 South Beach Pro 1st
1995 Arnold Classic 2nd
1995 Ironman Pro Invitational 1st
1994 Arnold Classic - IFBB, 7th
1994 Ironman Pro Invitational - IFBB, 4th
1993 Mr. Olympia 2nd
1993 Arnold Classic 1st
1993 Ironman Pro Invitational 1st
1993 Niagara Falls Pro Invitational - IFBB, 9th
1990 World Amateur Championships - IFBB, 4th
1990 World Amateur Championships - IFBB, 4th
1990 Mr Australia - IFBB, Overall Winner
1989 Mr Australia - IFBB, Overall Winner

Click on the image to enlarge

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          Poland Clashes With European Union Over Logging In Primeval Forest        
The lush, green canopy that is Bialowieza Forest spans 350,000 acres between Poland and Belarus. It's a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is home to a variety of endangered species like the European bison, which is slightly larger and leaner than its American cousin. It also has some of the last old-growth forest in Europe, untouched by human hands, and there is a great deal of international interest in preserving the forest's delicate ecology. Polish journalist, author and naturalist Adam Wajrak said he never tires of seeing the complex life cycle in this forest up close. "Look at there, here, you see?" he asked me, pointing to the top of a dead spruce trunk during a recent hike. "This is the little spruce growing on the body of dead spruce, this very often happens." He peeled back the top layer of another dead trunk. "If you look under the bark, there's a lot of beetles, a lot of spiders — everything, whatever you want, and this is how it works," he says. "This is why I compare the
          Critics Say New Poland Law Dissolves Separation Of Judiciary And Ruling Party        
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit MICHEL MARTIN, HOST: Early this morning, Poland's Senate passed legislation that if signed into law would force all of that country's Supreme Court judges to step down except for those kept on by Poland's president. Critics fear the move would undermine the independence of the judiciary by giving control to the country's ruling party, known as the Law and Justice Party. NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson has been in Warsaw this week. She's back in Berlin now. Soraya, thanks so much for speaking with us. SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: You're welcome, Michel. MARTIN: So you were in Warsaw earlier this week. What did you see when you were there, and how are people reacting to this legislation? NELSON: Well, there were definitely some of the largest protests against this government since it took office a couple of years ago. People were in front of the Parliament. They were in front of the president's office and calling for free courts. Today, actually,
          Protesters Demand Judicial Independence For Poland's Supreme Court        
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit DAVID GREENE, HOST: Many say democracy is being tested right now in Europe because in Poland, tens of thousands of people took to the streets in more than 100 cities and towns last night. They were protesting what they and much of the world see as a government attempt to take control of the Polish Supreme Court. The ouster of the sitting justices not aligned with the ruling party still has to be approved by the Polish Senate and signed into law by the Polish president. As NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson reports from Warsaw, that's expected to happen as early as today. (SOUNDBITE OF PROTEST) LUKASZ SIMLAT: (Speaking Polish). SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: Protesters packed the streets leading to the presidential palace, near which Polish actor Lukasz Simlat read from the Constitution. (SOUNDBITE OF PROTEST) UNIDENTIFIED PROTESTERS: (Chanting in Polish). NELSON: The crowd responded with chants of free courts, free courts. In front of the Parliament,
          Logging Opens Dispute Between The EU And Poland        
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit DAVID GREENE, HOST: Poland is at odds with much of the rest of the European Union. This is because its government cracks down on everything from press freedom to public demonstrations. The country has also turned away refugees from its borders. And Brussels has warned Warsaw's populist government might soon face sanctions over what critics say are attacks on Polish democracy. But it is the Polish government's treatment of trees, and not civil rights, that has landed Warsaw in the most trouble yet. These trees are in a forest that straddles the Polish-Belarusian border. And NPR's Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson is on the line. And, Soraya, you're actually in this forest, right? SORAYA SARHADDI NELSON, BYLINE: In a village which is deep inside the Bialowieza Forest, which is one of the last remaining old-growth forests here in Europe. It's home to a number of endangered species like the European bison which is taller but lighter than its American cousin. I
          Poland's New World War II Museum Just Opened, But Maybe Not For Long        
There's a saying that beauty is in the eye of the beholder. Apparently, so is history. In the case of Poland's new Museum of the Second World War , the beholder is the nationalist government. Run by the populist Law and Justice Party, it has declared the museum an expensive mess that waters down Polish history and should be closed — or at a minimum, revamped. The museum opened March 23 in the northern port city of Gdansk, where World War II began when Germany invaded the city in 1939. "This is the museum of a war, but this is not a military museum," explains museum director and historian Pawel Machcewicz. "This is the museum which tells the story of a war in terms of politics, ideology and civil population." The museum's goal, Machcewicz says, is to show the lives and fates of civilians and soldiers, not just in Poland but in other European countries as well. "We cannot explain Polish history without paying attention to other nations," the director said. "We are not an isolated island.
          ÐŸÐµÑ€Ð²Ñ‹Ð¹ в Украине Jumpstyle клип!        
Украина решила не отставать от Европы в таком популярном и молодом танцевально стиле, который захлеснул своей мега популярностью такие страны как: Holland , Belgium, Dania, Germany, Poland.... Это танцевальный,...

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          Armin van Buuren @ Wroclaw        
Armin van Buuren @ Wroclaw | 2 May, Wroclaw (Poland), Ludowa Hall [19 min]

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          20 polskich firm mięsnych pojechało do Paryża        
20 krajowych zakładów mięsnych, w tym: OSI Poland Foodworks, ZM Henryka Stokłosy, ZM Mróz, ZM Mokobody, ZM Skiba, Marks&#8217;s, ZM Zakrzewscy, IMEX Brzesko i ZM Łuków, zaprezentowało swoją ofertę na Międzynarodowych Targach Żywności SIAL w Paryżu.
          Dartbmx team at BMX Day 2013.        

Dartbmx team at BMX Day 2013 contest at Jutrzenka skatepark in Warsaw.

Unofficial season start in Poland once again was good for the Dartbmx team. Dawid Godziek won the event and Paweł Wichowski won the best trick category.

Video by: Bartosz Pałka.


Tags: Dartbmx, Dartmoor, Dartmoor-bikes, Jutrzenka, Warsaw, BMX Day, Pała, Pałka, Rafał Kierc, Skejcik, Dawid Godziek, Szamanek, Paweł Piotrowski, Haro, Paweł Wichowski, Wichu, Łukasz Wysokiński, Skejter, contest and zawody

           Passive straw bale house workshop, organised by ESBG [participation, research] Łódź, Poland; 28-31 Oct 2013         
Kolakowski, Marcin (2013) Passive straw bale house workshop, organised by ESBG [participation, research] Łódź, Poland; 28-31 Oct 2013. [Event, Show or Exhibition]
           Energy, politics and deceptions: E=mc2?         
Kolakowski, Marcin (2013) Energy, politics and deceptions: E=mc2? In: Environmental Problems of Designing Energy-Efficient Buildings and Spaces, 25 Apr 2013, University of Applied Science in Nysa Poland.
Looking for information on for Stanley and Helen (Patton) Gureski. I have the bloodline traced back to them, but they both list Russia/Poland on the census and that's where the trail ends. I had one record suggest they may have come in through Canada, but they went south before they settled in Pickerel as at least one of their sons (my husbands great grandpa) was born in Illinois. I can't locate parents, where they were exactly born, siblings, and etc. Stanley was born in 1853 & Helen in 1866. I know they are buried @ St Florian's Church in Hatley.

Any info or suggestions where to look would be greatly appreciated! I feel like I've exhausted the online resources and just don't know where to go next. Thanks!!

From Jenna Orkin

From Jenna Orkin

The Senate probe into big phama's hand in the opioid crisis just got bigger

In a first, scientists have edited the DNA of human embryos that could turn into people using CRISPR

Researchers shut down AI that invented its own language

What humans will look like in 1,000 years




          krakow poland        
What should you see in Kraków? The options are virtually limitless. There are must-see locations in all districts. The Mediaeval and Renaissance buildings of the Old Town, the Jewish Kazimierz district, are just some of the great places in Kraków.
           Crisis (re)constructed: Ridley Scott's Alien saga as a study of organizational collapse         
Izak, Michal and Kociatkiewicz, Jerzy (2013) Crisis (re)constructed: Ridley Scott's Alien saga as a study of organizational collapse. In: XXXI Standing Conference on Organizational Symbolism, SCOS, 13 - 16 July 2013, Warsaw, Poland .
          The Secular Disconnect        

by Reb Akiva @ Mystical Paths

imageA.B. Yehoshua is one of the secular sages of modern Israel.  Writer, and dare I say, philosopher, Mr. Yehoshua is one who puts the positions of Israeli secular society and the secular elite into words.

Today, on Tisha b’Av, the anniversary when we mourn the destruction of the Holy Jewish Temples (same place, 2 occasions) in Jerusalem, the Temples where G-d’s presence was manifest physically on Earth as described in the holy Torah (bible) and the details of the services in the Temples described both in the Torah and in the Mishna.  We yearn for it’s rebuilding every day, the coming of Moshiach our righteous redeemer, and the return of G-d’s holy presence manifest on Earth.

On this sad day that we hope will turn to joy, Mr. Yehoshua gave an interview on Israeli radio…

“…Prize-winning author A.B Yehoshua on Tuesday slammed religious Jews who want to pray on the Temple Mount — and Diaspora Jews for not coming to live in Israel…  ‘the real tragedy behind the day of mourning was not the destruction of buildings, but the fact that too many Jews still live overseas and do not understand that they have a motherland.’ … ‘“The problem is that half the nation doesn’t even think of returning to Israel. The problem isn’t some building. There’s a mosque there, an exquisite mosque that was built 1,300 years ago. There’s also the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. And we should be proud that in Jerusalem we can combine the three monotheistic religions’”

- Umm, no, the church is NOT on the Temple Mount, it’s on the other side of the Old City in Jerusalem – guess he can speak as an expert but hasn’t been there.

“The Western Wall is there. Do you need to send Jews to pray on the Temple Mount? Would you be pleased if the Muslims came and bowed down at the Western Wall and prayed there?”

- Umm, many people of many religions do come and pray at the Western Wall, including Xians who sometimes fall to their knees, as pictures by Reb Gutman here on Mystical Paths have shown  - guess he can comment on praying there but hasn’t been there.

“That’s their [the Muslims’] house of prayer. Our synagogues are spread all over the world and we want people to respect them and look after them. And we have to respect the places of prayer of others.”

- No one is demanding they stop praying there, and no one is interfering with their praying there…except when they attack us, kill our policemen,, and incite riots there.  Respect is a 2 way street, and they are NOT respecting us.  But as we’ve discussed previously here, that’s because they don’t speak the language of respect, they speak the language of honor/dishonor. – guess he’s an expert without knowing anything about what’s going on there or how they act.

Many Jews exiled by the Babylonians in the sixth century BCE failed to return to Israel, he said, and during the Second Temple period, from 530 BCE to 70 CE, half of the Jewish people already lived in the Diaspora.  “Maybe the people found in the destruction of the Temple an excuse to leave Israel,” he said.  “After the Temple was destroyed, for 400 years it was a heap of trash. The Jews didn’t even clean it up. They left Israel, and that’s the problem. And if the Temple is rebuilt, what, there’ll be salvation here?”

- OH MY GOSH, “the destruction as an excuse to leave”???  That’s literally like saying the Holocaust was an excuse to leave Poland.  Their towns and homes were burned, their families were killed, and the traumatized survivors were hauled away at sword point.  They didn’t “leave Israel”, the survivors were driven away. – guess Mr. Yehoshua doesn’t mind reframing history to meet his agenda.

The first Zionists were secular people who told Jewish immigrants to settle areas such as the Negev, the Jordan Valley and the Jezreel Valley, not to go to Jerusalem, he added.  There was something symbolic in the decision of Israel’s first prime minister, David Ben-Gurion, to settle in the Negev Desert and “not to rub up against the Palestinians on a place that is holy to them.”

- BINGO.  Mr. Yehoshua, who most likely lives in Tel Aviv, not in the Negev or Jordan valley, doesn’t understand why the Jews of the world aren’t rushing to move to the…Negev desert?  These Diaspora Jews should NOT connect with our Jewish holy places, not connect with praying to G-d, and not connect with the Torah.  Instead they should connect to the Zionist nationhood, leave their current home countries, and move to the Negev.

He’s missed the whole point.  The connection to the Land of Israel is through the Torah of Israel, which is from the G-d of Israel.  The peoplehood of the Jewish people fades without the Torah, as  does the connection to the Land of Israel.  It’s EXACTLY through the connection to the Torah that the Jewish people connect to Israel…and draws them to make their life in G-d’s gift to the Jewish People – the Land of Israel. 

On Tisha b’Av, Mr. Yehoshua should know better.

Source article @TimesofIsrael

          Stained Glass - Part 1        
This week we have part 1 of a 2-part series of stained glass and painted glass images.

WAP site URL:

View all sizes.

Cafe Window in Poland (Art Nouveau)

Cafe Window in Poland (Art Nouveau) -- from Flickr user decafinata
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Angel at Indianapolis Museum

Angel at Indianapolis Museum -- from Flickr user destinelee
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Madonna and Child from the Vatican

Madonna and Child from the Vatican -- from Flickr user roblisameehan
License: Attribution

Chagall Window Detail

Chagall Window Detail -- from Flickr user Andrea & Stefan
License: Attribution

Window in Girona, Spain

Window in Girona, Spain -- from Flickr user art_es_anna
License: Attribution

Church Window in Normandy

Church Window in Normandy -- from Flickr user mamjodh
License: Attribution

Angel at Victoria Baths in Manchester

Angel at Victoria Baths in Manchester -- from Flickr user Indigo Goat
License: Attribution

French Church Window

French Church Window -- from Flickr user Mosieur J.
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Chagall Window in Jerusalem

Chagall Window in Jerusalem -- from Flickr user steveslep
License: Attribution

Tiffany Window at Yale University

Tiffany Window at Yale University -- from Flickr user ragesoss
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Stained Glass by Mucha in Prague

Stained Glass by Mucha in Prague -- from Flickr user izarbeltza
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Local Wildlife in Scotland

Local Wildlife in Scotland -- from Flickr user foxypar4
License: Attribution

Chagall Window in Zurich

Chagall Window in Zurich -- from Flickr user cavorite
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Window in Krakow

Window in Krakow -- from Flickr user simczuk
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Window in Chartres Cathedral

Window in Chartres Cathedral -- from Flickr user Dimitry B
License: Attribution

Spring by John LaFafarge (Philadelphia Museum of Art)
Spring by John LaFafarge (Philadelphia Museum of Art)

Church WIndow in Lincolnshire

Church WIndow in Lincolnshire -- from Flickr user Lincolnian
License: Attribution/Share-Alike

Creative Commons LicenseUnless otherwise noted, all content on this blog is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
          Theresa May is no friend of freedom: any Tory leader but May        
It's been just over a week and the UK still exists, and hasn't left the European Union.  That's a matter for the next government, as David Cameron, having promised to implement the outcome of the election, decided to wimp out completely.

It was widely assumed that as Boris Johnson had led the Vote Leave campaign, he would be in pole position to become Conservative Party leader, but that fell apart last week when his closest ally, Justice Secretary Michael Gove came to the (correct) conclusion that Johnson wasn't up to it.   As clever and witty and Johnson is, he isn't a man for detail and demonstrated in a column at the beginning of last week that his thinking was muddled and uncertain.  It also became clear that Boris was not trustworthy.  As Mayor he became addicted to vanity projects.  First a cable-car across the Thames that is barely used, then bespoke buses that no bus company would buy, so he got taxpayers to buy them for the companies.  He bought second-hand water cannons after the 2011 London riots that were not legal to operate in the UK, so remained idle, but maintained at taxpayers' expense.   He spent millions on a proposal for a vast new airport in the Thames Estuary to replace Heathrow, even though nothing in the statutory roles and responsibility of the Mayor includes aviation, and claimed businesses were "lining up" to pay for it, which of course was utter nonsense.  Finally, he embarked on a vast network of "cycling superhighways", taking away traffic lanes to accommodate cycling commutes for half the year (the other half the numbers dwindle because of the weather).  This has, in part, been responsible for increasing congestion and pollution, and cutting bus patronage.

In short, Boris is a showman, an intelligent raconteur and I'd even say he has mildly libertarian instincts, but as a Prime Minister, Chairman of Cabinet and chief negotiator with the European Union?  No.  He avoids conflict, his main approach to critics is to try to be witty or change the subject.  Expert debater, but loose with the facts.  This is why Michael Gove, a quiet, principled Conservative politician, who has cared little for his own image, decided to withdraw his backing and run himself.  Gove notably on BBC Question Time was questioning of the government he belonged to (as Cabinet Minister with collective responsibility) pursuing press regulation, because he was uncomfortable with government interfering with what newspapers could or could not publish.  

Yet the front runner is Theresa May.  Daughter of a Vicar, and the longest serving Home Secretary for decades.  She campaigned rather timidly for Remain, and while she is notable for her negotiating skills, she is frightening in her disregard for liberty.  

Her speech launching her campaign for leader alone should make just about anyone who doesn't have sympathies with the National Front, wonder...

"we should make clear that for the foreseeable future there is absolutely no change in Britain’s trading relationships with the EU or other markets. And until a new legal agreement is reached with the EU, which will not happen for some time, the legal status of British nationals living or working in Europe will not change – and neither will the status of EU nationals in Britain."

In other words, despite the Leave campaign making it absolutely clear that the legal status of any EU nationals living in the UK today would not change, she is putting it up for grabs.  Does it mean she could envisage having the Police knocking on the doors of families who have spent years working legally and peacefully to round them up and send them home?  Well an interview on ITV news/interview show Peston today made thing worse as reported by Fraser Nelson, editor of the Spectator:

Robert Peston: Now, there’s a lot of anxiety among migrants who’ve come here from the rest of the EU about whether they’ll be allowed to stay. There’s also quite a lot of anxiety among Brits living in the rest of Europe. What would you say to them?

May: What I’d say is that, at the moment we’re still a member of the EU, and the arrangements still continue, so there is no change to their position currently. But of course, as part of the negotiation, we will need to look at this question of people who are here in the UK from the EU, and I want to be able to ensure that we’re able to not just guarantee a position for those people, but guarantee the position for British citizens who are over in other member states, in other countries in Europe and living there.

Peston: So you would like people both… you’d like Brits abroad and migrants here to stay? Forever basically?

May: Well, nobody necessarily stays anywhere forever. But I think what’s important…

Peston: But at their choice?

May: What’s important is there will be a negotiation here as to how we deal with that issue of people who are already here and who have established a life here and Brits who’ve established a life in other countries within the European Union. And that is, their position at the moment is as it has been. There’s no change at the moment, but of course we have to factor that into the negotiations.

As Fraser Nelson, a Vote Leave supporter said:

Michael Gove and the rest of the Vote Leave leadership made this clear during the campaign: no deportations. Not even a question of deportations. Brexit was a vote to control immigration, to control the inflow: currently more than three times higher than Mrs May’s 100,000 target. But it was not a vote to boot out anybody, and to allow even the slightest doubt about that point is grossly irresponsible. Especially at a time when so many are trying to cast the Brexit vote in the worst possible light.

Britain needs these people; our NHS needs these people. We don’t keep them as a favour to Poland and nor should we ever dream of bargaining their residency in some game of diplomatic hardball. The EU may threaten deportation of Brits: it’s a corrupt and undemocratic institution which is why the 52pc of us voted to leave. But no British government should ever consider kicking out any of the two million EU nationals who are already with us..

Quite.  It's deplorable.

However, no one should be surprised.  May embraced the so-called "Snoopers' Charter" as she took every call from the Police, MI5 and MI6 for additional powers for surveillance as being in the public good.  Her proposals mean that a list of every website everyone in the UK visits must be held for at least one year with the Police having open rights to go through all those URLs, but needing a "warrant" to check the "contents".   Besides being completely draconian, it also shows an astonishing ignorance of the internet.  It's like saying I have a list of all the books you have read, but unless I get permission I couldn't work out what was in them.   

Former Liberal Democrat Minister, David Laws, said that between security and liberty, May always chose security, noting that former Home Security Ken Clarke often turned down requests for more powers from security services because "we would be a Police state".


Gove is a good man, but I fear his quip that economic experts warning that leaving the EU were like the Nazis organising a smear campaign against Einstein makes him unsuitable to negotiate a new trading relationship with the EU.  He admits it was stupid, but for all his merits, he isn't the right man for the job.  The other three, Andrea Leadsom (pro-Leave ex. financial manager), Stephen Crabb (God botherer from Wales) and Liam Fox (Google Adam Werritty) all have pluses and minuses, more minuses than pluses in my book, but all of them are better than May.  

The contest is a process of attrition.  Conservative MPs vote on the candidates repeatedly, with the lowest polling dropping out until there are two.  I fear May will be one of them, and for now I just hope that whoever is the other can defeat her.

With the UK Labour Party led by a communist who is defying 80% of his Parliamentary party to remain leader, the country has no effective Opposition.   Make no mistake, Theresa May is an enemy of individual freedom, she is no "new Thatcher" and should not become Prime Minister. 

          Największy pośrednik nieruchomości Home Broker już 10 lat na rynku!         
Mija właśnie 10 lat od momentu powstania firmy Home Broker SA, największego pośrednika nieruchomościowego w Polsce. Ostatnie dwa lata – 2015 i 2016 – były rekordowe dla spółki pod kątem pośrednictwa w sprzedaży mieszkań na rynku pierwotnym w całym kraju. Home Broker jest częścią Grupy Open Finance SA oraz zatrudnia 451 doradców nieruchomościowych w 51 oddziałach w całej Polsce. 

Początek tego roku jest także bardzo satysfakcjonujący - pierwszy kwartał 2017 roku jest rekordowy od początku istnienia Home Broker pod kątem liczby transakcji na rynku pierwotnym. Było ich dokładnie 2 102, co daje wzrost liczby transakcji o 21% w porównaniu do czwartego kwartału 2016 roku oraz aż o 40% wobec pierwszego kwartału 2016 roku!
Jesteśmy liderem w naszej branży. To dla nas najlepszy prezent na 10-lecie istnienia firmy. Współpracujemy z największymi deweloperami w kraju, cieszymy się zaufaniem Klientów, a nasi doradcy chcę z nami pracować. Taka obecna dobra kondycja biznesowa i rynkowa spółki to efekt 10 lat pracy, zaangażowania i chęci bycia zawsze o krok przed konkurencją -  mówi Przemysław Guberow, Prezes Zarządu Home Broker SA.

Warto przyjrzeć się kilku krokom milowych w historii: 

Czerwiec 2007: powstaje oficjalnie Home Broker. Pośrednictwo w obrocie nieruchomościami od początku istnienia spółki jest głównym przedmiotem działalności.
Od samego początku Home Broker postawił na nowatorskie rozwiązania i narzędzie nigdy wcześniej nie wykorzystywane w branży: stworzył nowy zawód „Doradca ds. Nieruchomości”

2008 – pomimo szalejącego kryzysu Home Broker wykorzystując swój model obsługi klienta i otwiera kolejne oddziały. Na koniec roku ma już 10 oddziałów.

Następuje też wdrożenie pionierskiego rozwiązania w usłudze pośrednictwa nieruchomości poprzez nawiązanie współpracy z deweloperami i wprowadzenie bezpłatnego dla klienta wsparcia przy zakupie nieruchomości z tego segmentu rynku.

2009: rozszerzenie działalności o usługę pośrednictwa finansowego. Home Broker był wówczas jedynym na rynku podmiotem oferującym jednocześnie pośrednictwo obrocie nieruchomościami oraz usługę pośrednictwa finansowego. Teraz synergię usług zapewnia ścisła współpraca Open Finance i Home Broker.

2010 - dynamiczna rozbudowa sieci sprzedaży Home Brokera. Otwarcie placówek Home Brokera w większości wojewódzkich miast Polski.

2011: dołączenie Home Broker do Związku Firm Doradztwa Finansowego

2013: otrzymanie nagrody Ministerstwa Gospodarki i redakcji gazety „Rzeczpospolita”
„Dobra Firma 2013” za najlepiej rozwijające się przedsiębiorstwo. Ponadto, dokonano  zakupu licencji międzynarodowej marki „Sotheby’s” i stworzono prestiżowy, unikatowy na polskim rynku nieruchomości: „Poland Sotheby’s International Realty
2014: wyróżnienie marki tytułem „Created in Poland Superbrands 2013/2014”

2015: doskonały rok - sprzedaż aż blisko 1 500 mieszkań na rynku pierwotnym tylko w samym IV kwartale! W 2015 roku Home Broker pomógł Klientom zamieszkać w ich wymarzonym „M” (na rynku pierwotnym) pośrednicząc w aż 4 701 transakcjach! 

2016 – wyróżnienie marki tytułem „Created in Poland Superbrands 2016”

2016 – rekordowy rok w historii Home Broker! Doradcy pośredniczyli w 6 323 transakcjach na rynku pierwotnym, co daje 35% wzrost w porównaniu do 2015 roku

2016 – dynamiczny rozwój Home Broker Partners i e-bazy – integratora oraz narzędzia dla mniejszych firm z rynku pośrednictwa nieruchomościowego

2017 – nowa strona internetowa Home Broker oraz wdrożenie innowacyjnej prezentacji mieszkań „wirtualny spacer 3D” 

2017 – powstaje nowe hasło promocyjne spółki – „Nieruchomości dla każdego”  

Home Broker oferuje Klientom wsparcie przy zakupie mieszkań na rynku pierwotnym, dzięki współpracy z największymi deweloperami w całym kraju. W ofercie spółki jest także pomoc przy kupnie mieszkań czy domów na rynku wtórny lub pod wynajem. proponujemy Klientom najwyższy standard obsługi oraz bogatą ofertę mieszkań oraz domów.

Home Broker SA – lider rynku nieruchomości w Polsce - świadczy usługi pośrednictwa w obrocie nieruchomościami. Poprzez szeroki wachlarz usług, Klienci mogą kupić, sprzedać lub wynająć nieruchomości,
w zależności od swoich potrzeb i oczekiwań. Home Broker to kompleksowa usługa doradztwa na każdym etapie planowania i dokonywania transakcji.
Do dyspozycji Klientów jest 451 doświadczonych doradców w 51 oddziałach w całej Polsce. 

Kontakt dla mediów:
Karolina Bursa - rzecznik prasowy Home Broker SA
tel: + 48 781 141 460

          Ceny mieszkań w największych miastach Polski        
Koniec zimy nie przyniósł rewolucji w cenach mieszkań w największych polskich miastach. Z szerszej perspektywy nadal obserwujemy stabilizację, choć na wielu mniejszych rynkach widać dynamiczne wzrosty, za którymi może stać koniec programu Mieszkanie dla Młodych.

Kwietniowy (obejmujący dane za okres styczeń-marzec) odczyt Indeksu Cen Transakcyjnych pokazał, że stabilizacja na rynku mieszkaniowym w Polsce nadal trwa. Wyliczany na podstawie transakcji dokonanych przez klientów Home Brokera i Open Finance wskaźnik wyniósł tym razem 822,24 pkt, co jest wartością o 1,05 proc. wyższą niż przed rokiem i o 0,8 proc. wyższą niż przed miesiącem. Aktualne notowanie IDK obejmuje transakcje dokonane w ostatnich trzech pełnych miesiącach, przy czym te nowsze mają w wyliczaniu wskaźnika wyższą wagę.

Indeks Cen Transakcyjnych Home Broker i Open Finance
Źródło: Home Broker i Open Finance na podstawie transakcji przeprowadzonych przez klientów firm.

Najdroższe mieszkania spośród dużych miast oferuje oczywiście Warszawa. Z ostatnich danych wynika, że za metr kwadratowy lokalu mieszkalnego w stolicy trzeba zapłacić 6980 zł, o 215 zł i 3 proc. mniej niż przed rokiem. Piąty miesiąc z rzędu stawka za metr utrzymuje się bardzo blisko 7 tys. zł. Warszawa jest największym rynkiem w Polsce i stabilizacja cen mieszkań w tym mieście jest dobrą wiadomością dla inwestorów lubiących przewidywalność. Przez ostatnie cztery lata przeciętna cena metra kwadratowego mieszkania w Warszawie tylko kilka razy wykroczyła poza przedział 6900-7300 zł. Warto przy tym jednak pamiętać o ogromnym zróżnicowaniu stołecznego rynku, na którym kupić można zarówno lokal za kilka tysięcy złotych za mkw. przeznaczony dla remontu, jak i luksusowy apartament za kilka milionów złotych. Spore zapotrzebowanie na nowe mieszkania stymuluje deweloperów do rozpoczynania kolejnych inwestycji w różnych rejonach miastach i tutaj także każdy może znaleźć coś dla siebie. Od relatywnie tanich mieszkań na obrzeżach po apartamentowce sąsiadujące z parkami w centrum miasta.

Wyższe ceny w wielu miastach

Zmienna dostępność (a co za tym idzie i popularność) programu Mieszkanie dla Młodych powoduje duże wahania cen w niektórych miastach. Rok temu w lutym i marcu mieliśmy eksplozję sprzedaży kredytów z dopłatą MdM związaną z końcem środków na 2016 rok, w tym okresie złożono niemal trzykrotnie mniej wniosków. Takie wahania nie pozostają bez wpływu na przeciętne ceny transakcyjne, gdyż zmiana liczby mieszkań w MdM w bazie transakcji powoduje wzrost lub spadek sprzedaży tańszych lokali. I tak właśnie rok temu sprzedawano więcej tanich mieszkań niż teraz i efekt statystyczny widać w tabelach – w wielu miastach zanotowano spory wzrost cen. Nie znaczy to jednak, że mieszkania drożeją, a że kupujący nabywają droższe lokale.

ceny mkw.
ceny r/r
Białystok4 304 zł5,7%
Bydgoszcz4 530 zł12,2%
Gdańsk5 400 zł6,9%
Kielce3 739 złbrak danych
Kraków6 317 zł-3,1%
Lublin4 688 zł3,2%
Łódź4 121 zł19,1%
Poznań5 558 zł-1,6%
Rzeszów4 519 złbrak danych
Szczecin4 592 zł9,7%
Warszawa6 980 zł-3,0%
Wrocław5 727 zł3,3%
Przeciętne ceny metra kwadratowego mieszkania w największych miastach Polski i ich zmiana w czasie
Źródło: Home Broker i Open Finance na podstawie transakcji przeprowadzonych przez klientów firm.
Jak to wygląda w poszczególnych miastach? Spośród analizowanych przez nas ośrodków największy wzrost ceny zanotowaliśmy w Łodzi i Bydgoszczy, odpowiednio o 19,1 i 12,2 proc. To bardzo dużo jak na dojrzały rynek mieszkaniowy, ale to właśnie są miasta z dużą dostępnością programu MdM, w których teraz sprzedaje się mniej tanich mieszkań niż przed rokiem.

Z 12 miast w kwietniowym zestawieniu spadek cen zanotowaliśmy jedynie w Krakowie, Poznaniu i Warszawie. Należy jednak zaznaczyć, że to największe rynki, które odpowiadają za ponad połowę transakcji dokonanych przez klientów HB i OF. To bilansuje się z wzrostami cen na mniejszych rynkach i decyduje o stabilizacji cen nieruchomości mieszkalnych w kraju.

O cenie porównywalnych mieszkań w największej mierze decyduje ich lokalizacja. Standardowo drożej jest w większych miastach, acz mamy od tego wyjątki. Łódź jest trzecim największym miastem w Polsce, ale ceny do tego nie przystają, co wynika ze specyficznej struktury demograficznej miasta i jego niskiej atrakcyjności dla inwestorów. Drożej jest nie tylko we Wrocławiu, Poznaniu i Gdańsku, ale i w Lublinie, Szczecinie, Bydgoszczy czy Białymstoku, a przecież aktualna stawka jest i tak o19 proc. wyższa od tej sprzed roku.

Kredyty mieszkaniowe będą droższe?

Marzec przyniósł na rynek kredytów hipotecznych uspokojenie. Początek roku był bowiem bardzo pracowity. Banki zalała nawałnica wniosków kredytowych składanych przez beneficjentów programu Mieszkanie dla Młodych. Najmocniej było to widoczne w styczniu, kiedy liczba wniosków kredytowych była o połowę wyższa niż rok wcześniej. W lutym i marcu zainteresowanie kredytami  wróciło do normy. Warto pamiętać, że były to miesiące, w których wciąż można było ubiegać się o dopłaty z finałowego budżetu programu Mieszkanie dla Młodych. Istnieje więc poważne ryzyko, że wraz z wyczerpaniem się pieniędzy na dofinansowanie wkładu własnego (co nastąpiło w pierwszym tygodniu kwietnia br.) popyt na kredyty zmaleje w kolejnych miesiącach.

Czy to oznacza, że banki będą bardziej aktywnie walczyć o klientów? Niestety taki scenariusz jest mało prawdopodobny – szczególnie w związku z niedawno uchwaloną ustawą o kredycie hipotecznym, która nakłada na banki nowe obowiązki, a kredytobiorcom daje nowe prawa. Szczególnie korzystne są zapisy dotyczące przejrzystości ofert, ułatwiające porównywanie i cywilizujące cały proces kredytowy, a także proces restrukturyzacyjny w przypadku problemów ze spłatą kredytu. Nowe zasady wchodzą w życie już niedługo – 22 lipca br. Trzeba jednak mieć świadomość, że jeśli kredytobiorcy na czymś skorzystają, to najpewniej oznacza to koszty dla banków. Te w najbliższych miesiącach będą więc raczej skłonne podnosić marże kredytowe niż je obniżać. Ewentualne podwyżki nie powinny być jednak duże.

Polacy kupują za gotówkę

Dane Narodowego Banku Polskiego pokazują dobitnie, że na rynku mieszkaniowym cały czas rośnie rola osób kupujących nieruchomości za gotówkę. W 2016 r. w siedmiu największych miastach na zakup mieszkań przeznaczono 14,2 mld zł, a w samym czwartym kwartale było to 3,6 mld zł. Duża część tych środków trafia na rynek pierwotny, gdzie za gotówkę kupowane są dwa na trzy lokale. Wiąże się to z historycznie niskimi stopami procentowymi, które pociągają za sobą obniżki oprocentowania depozytów bankowych i obligacji skarbowych. Część osób woli podjąć ryzyko związane z zakupem mieszkania na wynajem niż zakładać depozyt na 1,5 czy 2 proc. w skali roku, gdyż na wynajmie zarobić można średnio kilkakrotnie więcej.

Rośnie rynek nieruchomości luksusowych

Na rynku mieszkaniowym warto zauważyć jeszcze jeden trend: Polacy kupują coraz więcej drogich nieruchomości. Według raportu „Luxury Realty Map” przygotowanego przez Poland Sotheby’s International Realty rynek nieruchomości luksusowych i premium (wycena powyżej 1 miliona złotych) jest jednym z najlepiej rozwijających się segmentów. W 2016 r. jego wartość była o 40 proc. wyższa niż cztery lata wcześniej. Z opracowania wynika, że w ubiegłym roku sprzedano niemal 2 tys. nieruchomości wycenionych powyżej miliona zł, a łączna wartość transakcji to ponad 3,6 mld zł.

Marcin Krasoń, Home Broker,
Bartosz Turek, Open Finance,
          Rekordowa liczba nowych mieszkań na rynku        
Wiosna to zawsze ożywienie na rynku nieruchomości, w połączeniu z wysoką aktywnością deweloperów w poprzednich kwartałach, dało to nowy rekord liczby mieszkań, których budowę rozpoczęto w ciągu 12 miesięcy. Bardzo blisko historycznych rekordów jest też liczba mieszkań oddanych oraz uzyskanych przez deweloperów pozwoleń.

W ostatnim roku działający na polskim rynku deweloperzy rozpoczęli budowę 92 208 mieszkań. Biorąc pod uwagę 12-miesięczne okresy (takie podejście pozwala zminimalizować wpływ sezonowości na statystykę) jest to wartość najwyższa w historii, rekord sprzed miesiąca został wyśrubowany o kolejnych 2166 mieszkań.

Warto zauważyć, że wynik ten idzie w parze z wysokimi liczbami mieszkań oddanych do użytkowania oraz nowych pozwoleń na budowę. W okresie kwiecień 2016 – marzec 2017 deweloperzy oddali do użytkowania 80 097 lokali (do rekordu ze stycznia zabrakło 110 mieszkań), w tym samym okresie uzyskali 118 484 pozwolenia na budowę kolejnych. To zaś jest wartość najwyższa od wiosny 2008 roku, kiedy to pozwoleń było 119,5 tys., czyli zaledwie o tysiąc sztuk więcej.

W samym kwietniu deweloperzy rozpoczęli 9 314 nowych budów, oddali do użytkowania 6 621 lokali i uzyskali 11 940 pozwoleń na budowę kolejnych.
LiczbaZmiana r/r
Oddane mieszkania80 097+17,2%
Rozpoczęte budowy92 208+6,5%
Wydane pozwolenia na budowę118 484+20,4%
Aktywność deweloperów w okresie luty 2016 – styczeń 2017 r.
Źródło: obliczenia Home Broker, na podst. danych GUS

Rośnie rynek nieruchomości luksusowych

Według raportu „Luxury Realty Map” przygotowanego przez Poland Sotheby’s International Realty rynek nieruchomości luksusowych i premium (wycena powyżej 1 miliona złotych) jest jednym z najlepiej rozwijających się segmentów. W 2016 r. jego wartość była o 40 proc. wyższa niż cztery lata wcześniej. Z opracowania wynika, że w ubiegłym roku sprzedano niemal 2 tys. nieruchomości wycenionych co najmniej siedmiocyfrowo, a łączna wartość transakcji to ponad 3,6 mld zł.

Naturalnie zdecydowana większość tego rodzaju lokali sprzedawana jest w największych miastach, przy czym zdecydowany prym wiedzie Warszawa. Wg danych zebranych przez Poland Sotheby’s International Realty, połowa transakcji miała miejsce w stolicy. W drugim rzędzie są Wrocław, Trójmiasto, Kraków i Poznań. Te sześć miast to około 75 proc. rynku.

Popularność najmu nakręca rynek pierwotny

W niektórych inwestycjach deweloperskich w Warszawie nawet trzy na cztery mieszkania sprzedawane są za gotówkę. Duża część tych lokali nie jest nabywana celem zamieszkania, a wprowadzenia ich na rynek najmu. Nowe mieszkanie łatwiej znajdzie najemców, choć wiadomo, że czynsz jest wówczas wyższy.
Taki stan rzeczy jest efektem m. in. utrzymujących się na rekordowo niskim poziomie stóp procentowych. Sprzyja to rozwojowi rynku pierwotnego szczególnie w dużych miastach, gdzie oczywiście rynek najmu cieszy się największą popularnością. Raporty firm analitycznych i dane zbierane z Giełdy Papierów Wartościowych wskazują jednoznacznie, że aktywność firm deweloperskich łączy się z wysokim popytem na nowe mieszkania.

Świetna passa deweloperów musi się jednak kiedyś skończyć. Wprawdzie na razie nic nie wskazuje na to, by stopy procentowe miały zacząć rosnąć w najbliższych kwartałach, ale moment ten kiedyś w końcu nadejdzie. To może doprowadzić do spadku liczby chętnych na nowe mieszkania, na co deweloperzy będą musieli szybko zareagować, by nie zostać z rozpoczętymi budowami, na których potem nie znajdą chętnych.

Marcin Krasoń, Home Broker,
          Comics Coming Up Episode 72: Hojos History & More Stories        
The 2nd Storytellers show at Grandma’s Basement features Matt Kona talking about being a roadie for the band Blank Stare traveling around Poland, specifically the small village of Trezbiel. Larry Lee Lewis takes us through the history of the Howard Johnson as a comedy venue from it’s days as his show “Chops Lounge.” Chris Coxen […]
          Limbah Komputer Jadi Karya Seni        

Polandia - Limbah komputer disulap jadi seni instalasi ruangan. Lihat video 3D-nya.Sekarang ini, peningkatan jumlah limbah elektronik adalah suatu masalah yang membahayakan lingkungan. Jumlahnya terus bertambah seiring cepatnya perkembangan kemunculan produk elektronik baru. Namun seorang seniman me-re-use sampah elektronik menjadi seni instalasi.
Seniman Polandia, Marek Tomasik, rajin sekali mengumpulkan suku cadang komputer rusak. Ia sudah melakukannya selama tiga tahun terakhir ini untuk membangun karya seni instalasi ruangan yang disebutnya Sometimes You Have To Be Open. Karyanya itu terdapat di kastil bersejarah di wiecie, Polandia.
Ia juga memamerkan ruangan hasil ciptaannya pada situs 3D. Ruangan berukuran 5m x 4m x 4.5m itu terbuat dari ratusan perangkat komputer dan kayu.
Marek Tomasik dikenal sebagai seniman grafis dan pematung. Ia banyak mengolah barang bekas sebagai objek seninya
          Smolensk Crash Was a Coup d'Etat        
(left, Polish PM Donald Tusk and Putin at the crash site, April 10, 2010.
Tusk evidently wants a fist bump. Putin's expression says it all) 

A Polish reader describes the venomous political atmosphere in Poland that preceded the mysterious crash of President Lech Kaczynski's plane killing all 96 people on board. The post mortem years were no less lethal.

Like  Poland, all Western nations are under assault from within by a traitorous globalist Masonic elite. But few nations are putting up as valiant a fight for its national survival as Poland. Unlike the US, where the facts of 9-11 lie buried, more information is surfacing about 10-4-10. Just as jet fuel does not melt steel structures, passengers are not all killed and dismembered when a plane crashes at 100 meters. 

by Patriotic Pole 

 "Poland has been dismantled; now people will start disappearing."

Those words were spoken by Janusz Kurtyka, just a few days before the crash of the plane with the most important people of Poland on board. 

He was a very important man, historian, great patriot, righteous and loving his country, its history and the truth. He was the second president of the Institute of National Remembrance (IPN). Kurtyka was on the Tupolev Tu-154 flight of the 36th Special Aviation Regiment carrying the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński with most important people in the government, which crashed near Smolensk-North airport near Katyn, Russia, on April 10, 2010, killing all aboard.

Days before his death, Janusz Kurtyka called for "the results of the Russian investigation into Katyn massacre to be declassified and for the Russian archives to be opened". The post which was left open by his death was considered particularly problematic due to the difficulty there would be in replacing him.

In videos with him, when he talks about Poland and various, difficult issues, one can see sadness in his eyes, great sadness, maybe worry as well. 

The crash of the Tupolev was the most shameful, the most horrific and the most neglected by media, politicians of Polish opposition and the world in general, accident in the history of plane crashes. It was well prepared, it was well announced between the lines in advance, by old band of the Communist opposition and traitors in Poland. After it happened, it was shamefully mocked and ridiculed by perpetrators and their followers. And it still is, unfortunately. 

The future President of Poland, Bronislaw Komorowski, said in one of his interviews broadcast on Polish radio before the crash happened: "You know, the presidential elections will come or the President ( Lech Kaczynski) will be flying somewhere and everything will change..."

The political opposition of Lech Kaczynski, with its leader Donald Tusk, did not hesitate to express vicious hatred and plans to liquidate Kaczynski many times in interviews or other forms of public speeches. 

"Let's kill the pack!" These words were shouted by the former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, Radosław Sikorski in 2007, when Donald Tusk was the PM. He shouted those words to the members of the political backing of the legally-operating cabinet of Jaroslaw Kaczynski (PiS). 

(Donald Tusk, now President of the EU Council) 

Three years later, the Prime Minister Donald Tusk, when addressing  the legal opposition in parliament said: "You will die like dinosaurs."

During a short presidential campaign, which took place following the death of the President of Poland Lech Kaczyński, Janusz Palikot said that Jaroslaw Kaczynski, (The present head of PIS) should be killed on the hunt and gutted.


The evidence of assassination of Polish President Lech Kaczynski and his government is overwhelming and one has to be truly blind to still deny it.

Why the murderers are still walking free is beyond understanding. The crash was well planned, it was a trap. Three of them survived, they were shot on the spot, immediately after the crash, there is a proof of it, a video with shots being heard, and no intelligent person can say it's fake, the sinister powers in this video can be felt even just by watching it; there are Polish and Russian voices heard, speaking evil. Immediately after the crash, three people were announced to have survived on Polish TV; that information was changed quickly into - all are dead. 

Most of those who died were inconvenient people, Polish patriots, Christians, those who tried to repair Poland after it had been damaged by former communist agents, traitors, servants of Brussels, Merkel or Putin, corrupted politicians with hearts made of stone, with no feelings and no love for the homeland or other people, no respect for former generations, for heroes who died for the freedom of their country during wars and various foreign invasions. 

Lech Walesa, the leader of Solidarity Trade and former president of Poland has proved to be an agent cooperating with Communists (special security forces.)  Donald Tusk, the Prime Minister who during the darkest hours of Polish history was smiling and hugging Putin, when visiting Smolensk after the crash, now is the President of the European Council. 

Those who did not want to obey EU and other foreign forces, who were rebellious to Illuminati, Putin, Rothschild, Soros and who knows what other sinister powers that are ruling  this world, were destined to die.

This documentary  shows how associates of the now dead president, those of his people who were there, waiting for the plane to arrive, were treated by the Russians and by those who were well prepared to take all the posts in the government vacated by the victims. 

Subsequent Polish investigations revealed that two explosions on board brought down the plane. The above documentary propagates the Russian disinformation that no explosive residue was found and that the Polish black box confirmed the finding of pilot error. 


The new president, Bronislaw Komorowski, (left of Kaczynski) could not wait to announce to the shocked nation that he was just the one to replace Lech Kaczynski. It was so quick, they did not even have any confirmation of the death of the President. Nobody had seen the body yet but Komorowski was ready to be the new President of Poland. All was very well organized. 

Politicians in Poland were sent a message on their mobiles, saying,"the crash was caused by pilots." Nobody really knew yet, what had really happened but the pilots were to be blamed. 

Yes, like J. Kurtyka said, people in Poland started vanishing; the plane crash was just the beginning. Shortly after the crash, journalists, who had seen too much vanished, or died sudden deaths, many professionals, very knowledgeable people who were trying to resolve the riddle of the crash, who were too curious, they were liquidated by so called serial suicide murderer or sudden car crash. Seventeen very important people died during the reign of President Komorowski and Prime Minister, Donald Tusk. 

This is a list of the 96 most important people in Poland who died in the crash, including many military personnel and dingnitaries of catholic church.

One of them was a very well respected, brave and noble General Sławomir Petelicki, founder and former head of the "Grom" unit. He was found dead on 16 June 2012. On numerous occasions he openly criticized the findings of the State Commission on Aircraft Accidents Investigation and the fact that the Polish government was dilatory in establishing the causes of the Smolensk crash. 

After the crash, General Sławomir Petelicki stated to the press that politicians from the governing party (Civic Platform) received a text message with instructions on what to say: "The crash was caused by the pilots, who went down below 100 meters. It remains to be determined who made them do it." 

According to Petelicki, the author of the text message was one of three: Prime Minister Donald Tusk, the head of the Chancellery of the Prime Minister Tomasz Arabski or the government spokesperson, Paweł Graś. 

Petelicki had a lot of information about these people, he often pointed out who should be dismissed from a certain position, and who should be appointed instead to make the Poland-NATO relations tighter. He died from shooting wounds. 

Here is the list of people who were murdered during next years after the crash. 

The families of the victims were humiliated, treated with disrespect, mocked, lied to. The investigation was led by the Russians, the enemy of NATO. While Poland is the NATO member, its enemy was leading the investigation. There were NATO generals on the plane, people who were holding the highest secrets of NATO. General Petelicki was furious about this; he wanted Donald Tusk to be prosecuted, so they had to get rid of him.

Can anybody imagine a similar drama with American president and his government, or the British one? That would be impossible and even if that happened, the investigation would be of top quality and surely not led by the Russians. But of course the Polish president and his government does not have the same value. Maybe, it is worth reminding that even if the presence of most important people of the world, presidents, prime ministers of many countries at the funeral was announced in advance, they never arrived. Most of them found a good excuse not to come.  

This horrific story goes on. The present government with the majority of PIS members is still trying to expose all the lies, but there are so many of them, it may take many years still before anybody is held responsible for that massacre. Nobody really knows if it is ever going to happen. But the executioners will not escape, there is the Highest Judge before whom they will have to stand at the end of their lives and there will be no escape. The blood of the victims is calling for justice. 

"It is mine to avenge; I will repay.
    In due time their foot will slip;
their day of disaster is near
    and their doom rushes upon them." 

 Deuteronomy 32; 35


First Comment by B:

The gentleman, whose article you decided to post today is either a poor misguided gudgeon (at the very least) or an outright disinfo agent. Please let your readers know, that his hogwash is by no means the view most prevalent among the Polish people regarding the Smolensk crash, to the contrary - this gibberish of an opinion is only held by the so called 'Smolensk sect', i.e. PiS (Kaczynskis' party)-voters, their hardcore constituency - extreme Russophobes and (unwitting?) Zionists ( , ).

As prof. Mike Jones recently noted , the extreme, skillfully induced Russophobia of the vast swathes of the Polish political elites (certainly the PiS crowd) as well as the public in general, is merely a tool of American imperialism in their proxy wars against Russia. Usually in such instances, intelligent people ask the question: who had the motive? And the answer invariably is - Is fecit cui prodest.

Putin/Russia had virtually no interest in having Kaczynski and his staffers killed (BTW the 96 figure, contrary to what you might deduce from the gentleman's text, also involved many ordinary Poles, mere family members of the officers murdered in Katyn, as they were going to Katyn to commemorate the massacre's anniversary). Let alone there is no credible evidence it actually was NOT a catastrophe and that third parties were involved, despite what the Russophobic maniac, Defense Minister Antoni Macierewicz might have told the public. The 'experts' he hired for his 'independent' investigations turned out to have had virtually no reliable credentials to perform the task thoroughly, they were not qualified for the job.

For the record: I have never been a sympathizer of the Civic Platform (pol: Platforma Obywatelska, or PO, the former Prime Minister Donald Tusk's party), years ago, before I got interested in politics, I even applauded PiS for their (only ostensible, calculated) moral conservatism and religiousness. The point is they are yet another ZOG. The wife of the current president Andrzej Duda is a Jewess (as was the case with the previous president, Bronislaw Komorowski and his wife, a child of communist Jews involved in the secret police, UB, responsible for post-war mass murders of the Polish patriotic partisans - and with the former Defence Minister Radoslaw Sikorski, who is married to the notorious The Washington Post's Anne Applebaum) , Agata Kornhauser, a daughter of who e.g. promulgated the virulent anti-Polish lies about the 1946 Kielce pogrom, long debunked as a psy-op of the (largely Jewish) secret service. Late president Kaczynski was an ardent zionist and Isreal-firster, as you can see in the video linked above. Back in 2001, while the Minister of Justice, on 'orders' from then chief rabbi of Poland's Jewish diaspora, (US-imported) Michael Schudrich, he withheld the exhumation works at the site of the 1941 Jedwabne massacre, which virtually buried the chance of ever getting any real truth about the event and facilitated the Holocaust Industry's (ADL etc.) extortion racket against the Polish nation.

The intricacies of Poland's domestic politics might seem overly complicated to your average reader, but the bottom line is - the views presented by your recent contributor are marginal and obscure, not held by intelligent Poles, versed in world geopolitics, aware of the NWO and its JQ and so forth - only shared by the PiS's hardcore electorate, i.e. extreme Russophobes - American imperialists' (neocons') useful idiots. 

Please post this as a comment, lest your audience have a grossly distorted view of the Smolensk crash.

          Hitler Began as Secret German Army Agent         

ahitler1.jpg Hitler "tried to enter the postal service as a mail carrier. 

His services were refused because he was unable to pass the intelligence test."

- Captain Karl Mayr 

Plied with sausages and beer supplied by the army, the tavern audiences applauded Hitler. Mayr writes. 

"The experiment with Hitler was considered highly successful by his [army] sponsors" 

and Hitler got the Jeanne D'Arc job. 

(Originally, " I Was Hitler's Boss")

By Henry Makow Ph.D.

The man who became the personification of evil was probably the puppet of a hidden power still in control of the world. 

This view is supported by a curious little-known document entitled "I was Hitler's Boss" by Captain Karl Mayr published in the New York-based magazine "Current History" (November 1941.) 

As Hitler's boss in the "Instruction Dept." of the Reichwehr in Munich, Capt. Mayr had "daily contact" with Hitler for 15 mos. (March 1919-June 1920.) Corporal Hitler was charged with propaganda functions and infiltrating labor groups.

hitler-1.jpegMayr portrays Hitler, left, as a "tired, stray dog looking for a master," a mere factotum first of General Ludendorff and then of Goering. He was considered dispensable after fulfilling his purpose.

He "tried to enter the postal service as a mail carrier. His services were refused because he was unable to pass the intelligence test. His school education in his Austrian village would have been quite sufficient, but his mental capacity suffered after he was gassed in the war."

While I believe Captain Mayr, who later opposed Hitler and joined the Social Democrats (he was killed in Buchenwald) wrote this essay, it may be "black propaganda." Published the month before the US entered the war, it may have been designed to create division between Hitler and his designated successor (Goering), and to anger Hitler by belittling him.

The editor of "Current History" was "Spencer Brodney." His real name was Leon Brotzky, who was a long-time Communist. "Current History" was published quarterly by the New York Times Company, the organ of the central banking cartel.

Nevertheless, although black propaganda spins the truth, its effectiveness depends on including a considerable amount of fact. Much of what Mayr says is consistent with other sources. I will provide a summary of his revelations and then briefly consider the implications.


Capt. Mayr says that in 1919, Hitler was "one of the many thousand of ex-soldiers who walked the streets looking for work. A this time, Hitler was ready to throw in his lot with anyone who would show him kindness...He would have worked for a Jewish or French employer just as readily as for an Aryan". He was "totally unconcerned about the German people and their destinies." 

Hitler "talked and walked in his sleep and made himself generally a nuisance." He had no friends, and was shy and self-conscious because of a "deformity [which] made him unlike other men--in my opinion this infliction made Hitler a lone wolf and outsider." Hitler apparently had only one testicle. Funny Mayr doesn't mention this detail if he is trying to discredit Hitler.  Hitler was "continually chaffed by his comrades."


According to Mayr, General Erich Ludendorff (1865-1937) left, the hero of World War One met weekly with a coterie of industrialists at the Hotel Four Seasons in Munich and plotted vengeance for Germany's war loss.
The challenge was to mobilize the dispirited German worker to fight again. Ludendorff decided they needed a Joan D'Arc figure, a common person who heard God's voice, to lead them into battle. He even roamed the Bavarian Alps looking for a "red headed peasant girl" who could be sold as a divine messenger. 


Ludendorff and his friends " were like Hollywood scouts looking for talent..." At the same time Hitler was involved in an army "experiment." He was given money to hold meetings of the German Workers Party in taverns and buy everyone beer, sausages and pretzels. After some rousing songs, when everyone felt "happy and grateful," Hitler would jump on a chair or a table and started with "fellow-workers, Germany, awake!"

"In such a genial atmosphere it was a pleasure for workers to awake and manly applaud everything." Mayr writes. "The experiment with Hitler was considered highly successful by his sponsors" and Hitler got the Jeanne D'Arc job.

"The program was carefully concocted to fit with the wishful thinking of the majority." 

The leaders knew "a minority must suffer, and so the German Jews were made the chief scapegoats because their destruction would gain millions of votes for the Nazis. Small shopkeepers hated Jews because they owned the chain stores; farmers wished their destruction because they were indebted to Jewish bankers; even intellectuals were jealous because Jews held lucrative positions in the arts and sciences and professions. The Communists also had to be destroyed, but that was because they took their orders from Russia and would never vote for an Imperial Germany."

00mayr.jpg(Karl Mayr, 1883-1945)

"The Nazis salesmen offered anything and everything to make the people war minded... Therefore, their sales talk was: Germany is a have-not country; other nations have all the wealth; Germany must fight them successfully, and so be entitled to that wealth." Thus the Nazis catered always to the desires of majority. "No one cared what happened to Germany as long as the result was the restoration of the good old days ..." 

Hitler was looked upon as "a good salesman for the Nazi ideology, who would be paid off when he was no longer needed."


Mayr maintains that Hitler never was the real leader of Nazis. "As a leader, Hitler is probably the greatest hoax ever played on the world... His reports always had to be rewritten... His intellect was not higher than that of an eight-year-old child... Hitler has never been capable of making a decision of his own...he certainly never wrote a line of Mein Kampf; ...[but] was of course proud to sign his name as author of a book."

"Before every important speech Hitler was, sometimes for days, closeted with Hess who in some unknown way, got Hitler into that frenetic state in which he came forth to address the public. Just before Hitler had appointments to receive statesmen or foreign correspondents, he was minutely coached as what to say. Sometimes when unexpected questions were put to him, he just walked away, or started his senseless political ranting."

goering.jpgLudendorff soon lost control of Hitler to Ernst Roehm and Hermann Goering who engaged in a bitter war for Nazi supremacy that lasted a decade. Finally Goering won the battle in blood purge of June 30, 1934. By this time, Mayr had become associated with Roehm. We assume this is the basis of his information.

"The way was now clear for Goering and he lost no time. Conscription; occupation of the Rhineland; total rearmament; intervention in Spain; invasion of Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland and other countries followed."

"Germany has many Fausts, but their Mephistopheles is Goering who was able, through crafty propagandists like Goebbels, to sell Hitler to the entire world as a patriotic superman. Goering alone engineered the burning of the Reichstag and had a feebleminded boy executed for it...It was he that arranged Hitler got the false material to convince him that Roehm intended to kill him unless he killed Roehm first. Goering's fawning on Hitler was sheer hypocrisy designed to mislead public opinion."

The prevalent view of historians is that Goering was an ineffectual leader, who preferred to go hunting and collect (or steal) art than run the Luftwaffe. Supposedly he lived in fear of Hitler.


Mayr's view is in stark contrast with the conventional view of Hitler. Either Mayr is lying or the majority of modern historians are engaged in building Hitler up to seem like a credible leader and personification of evil. During the war and after, Allied historians have largely ignored police reports that Hitler had been a homosexual and male prostitute in Vienna.

I believe that Hitler was stage-managed by the Illuminati, i.e. Freemasons organized around the Rothschild's desire for world tyranny to protect their monopoly on credit. I believe someone like Lionel Rothschild was referring to a Hitler figure when he wrote in the Protocols of Zion:

The Secret Masonry is setting up "our own, to all appearance, off position, which in at least one of its organs will present what looks like the very antipodes to us. Our real opponents at heart will accept this simulated opposition as their own and will show us their cards." (Protocol 12.11)

  Chris Jon Bjerknes has shown that the Rothschilds belonged to a heretical Jewish sect, the Sabbateans, who believed that, as King of the Jews. the Rothschilds were destined to rule the world.

In the Protocols, Lionel Rothschild, talks about his world control by virtue of his credit monopoly. He says that when he "comes into [his] kingdom," he'll make sure private individuals like himself no longer exercise this power.

He also says that if any state raises an objection to Rothschild domination, "it is only pro forma, at our discretion, and by our direction, for their anti-Semitism is indispensable to us for the management of our lesser brethren." (Protocol 9)

My current hypothesis is that there is a direct line between Hitler and the Rothschild agenda, through a long line of "cutouts" (agents). Some of these cutouts were "useful idiots" like Erich Ludendorff who retired from politics when he realized Rothschild's Bank of England was financing Hitler.

Max_Warburg_1905 (1).jpg(You know Warburg was pulling the strings because Wikipedia has almost no info on him.)

Possibly Max Warburg, Chief of German Army Intelligence, member of the Rothschild- affiliated banking family, and Mayr's real boss in 1919, was the Rothschild point-man in the "Hitler Experiment." Through the "secret masonry" the central bankers created both Communism and Nazism which, thanks to WWII, advanced the destruction of Western (Christian) civilization.

The human race is fast becoming the Rothschilds' ant farm. Thanks to their control over the media and education (through cutouts), information and entertainment are mostly tools for social control and behavior modification. Obscure documents like Captain Mayr's "I was Hitler's Boss" remind us that we are manipulated and betrayed in a most egregious way.

(Updated from  May 31, 2008.) 

Related:  More on Mayr and Hitler's career as "political officer." 

Hitler was Illuminati Hired Gun

Hitler Used Rothschild Banker's Typewriter
and  Did Bormann Run Hitler for the Illuminati?


Thanks to John Hankey for bringing Mayr to my attention. John is the creator of the video JFK II-The Bush Connection.


          Zapadamy na choroby serca wcześniej niż mieszkańcy Europy Zachodniej        
Pod względem występowania czynników ryzyka chorób układu sercowo-naczyniowego Polska nie odbiega specjalnie od krajów Europy Zachodniej - mówi prof. Paweł Buszman, prezes zarządu American Heart of Poland S.A.
          Red tape stops man 'returning from the dead'        
Piotr Kucy, 38 and from the city of Polkowice in southwest Poland, was wrongly identified by authorities last August as a drowned man, only to show up a few days after his own funeral.
          Croatia U19 vs Poland U19, Aug 11, 2017 – Live Stream, Score, Prediction        
World Championship U19 Handball, Croatia U19 – Poland U19, Friday, 8:00 am ET Short Preview Recent matches Poland U19 is playing uncertain (in the last 5 games wins – 2). Croatia U19 could have advantage in physics – more days for rest in last days. In this match Croatia U19 is certain favorite. Recently, the […]
          Happy New Year        
Welcome to the New Year 2009. What's new surprise us this year? All the talk about a crisis of declining stock exchange posts, the lack of money, rising prices. I wish everybody - photographers, illustrator as many great ideas that will pay for now and for the future, and buyers obviously plenty of money, willing to buy and invest for the future, which will surely be better. Well I am optimistic, but in Poland we said that when it is that bad it could be only better. Ania...
          Middle Miocene (Badenian) gastropods from Korytnica, Poland; Part V Addenda et Corrigenda ad Prosobranchia        
          Stolen Hopes        
"What do you think?" she asked me, staring over her Bloody Mary.

This is what I heard tonight from a friend (well, she's a bartender at a place I frequent) about her and her boyfriend's plan to go to England for the summer. We were sitting in a restaurant that had already closed. We were allowed to stay in because her boyfriend delivers food for them.

As everyone in Europe knows, Poland is going through yet another diaspora at the moment. This time, though, it's mostly young people leaving instead of whole families. I feel so dearly for people like my bartender friend. She has no idea what to expect. Her boyfriend has a job lined up for six pounds per hour doing construction work. They are filled with hope and still plagued by anxiety. Why else would they ask an American about work conditions in England?

I told her that if there is a tourist industry in this town then she has a good chance of getting a job, however locally low the wage might be (I'm not so sure about this point since Poland has joined the EU, but I remember hearing about Poles working for ridiculously low wages a few years ago). She sounded mildly hopeful, but when her boyfriend left for a moment, she told me that she would really rather stay in Poland because she likes her job here. She would only go to England because she'd miss her boyfriend too much.

England is a shangri-la for many Polish people. It's the local version of the American dream: Work hard, earn money, be happy. Learn English for free. It's a success story for many but now, due to some tax irregularities (I bet beatroot knows more about this than I do), that dream has lost much of its gloss. There are still so many young people ready to throw caution to the wind and make that journey. I don't know whether to take this as a testament to their bravery or to the condition of the economy in Poland.

As we part ways after our Bloody Marys, I can't help but wonder what will happen to my new friends but I do know that their hopes, imparted to me in a dark room after hours, live in the hearts of thousands (maybe bordering on millions) of their peers and compatriots. I sincerely wish them all the best.
          United Press International - NewsTrack - Poland censors to ban vulgarity for pope        
United Press International - NewsTrack - Poland censors to ban vulgarity for pope: "Special censors promoted for the occasion are to purge from television programs ads for personal hygiene products and underwear, the Italian ANSA news agency reported."

Doesn't this sound a bit pointless as all of the kiosks in Czestochowa hang copies of Fakt with girls baring all for the inquisitive camera? Why the focus on TV, which Bennie will probably not watch?

This is typical Poland for me. Someone important is coming so let's slap up a coat of paint (apply it thin because it's expensive) and as soon as our guest of honor is gone everything starts to peel. When it's convenient, Poland shows its "faith" and then, when nobody is looking, the sex shops re-open.

Of course, a big hullabaloo is happening in Warsaw. According to this page a 25 meter cross is being erected in the Old Square in Warsaw. Come on Poland, didn't anybody ever tell you that size doesn't matter?

And of course, "The frontal part of the Eucharistic table is to be embossed with the names of the Poles beatified and canonised by John Paul II."

Really, guys. Get over yourself.

          Red Tape and Stamps        
Next week I will have been in Poland a year.

This week I finally got around to applying for my residence permit, which I need if I am intending to stay in the country for longer than 3 months... *ahem*

I actually never stayed in Poland for longer than 3 months at a time, leaving every so often for a trip abroad. Still, it was pretty obvious that the people responsible for my voluntary project here in Warsaw were never going to get round to sorting out my paperwork. I should have taken things into hand before this week when the responsibility really shifted to me with the end of my voluntary project.

There is a simple reason for my tardiness: I was scared.

I moved here from Brussels, the bustling international city that has more foreigners than locals. I experienced getting registered in a Brussels suburb. The place where they direct you to an airless shadowy basement room, to wait with other non-Belgians on a row of chairs, eyes focused on a lone door.

The door opens every so often and someone shuffles out. Names are called, and the next person enters, but you have to know the system. The system is never explained, but if you have sharp eyes (or get tired of waiting for hours) you can discover the secret.

If you've been before you have a little scrap of paper with a number and appointment time. You have to take your courage in both hands, walk up to the door and knock. Someone then opens it a couple of centimetres and you can slip through your paper. They then tell you to sit back down and it could be a matter of minutes, or hours, until your turn.

If you've just called beforehand to make an appointment or (horror of horrors) just shown up, you also have to walk up to the door and give your name. Once the information has been received, the door closes, no 'please take a seat', no 'we'll be right with you', just a closing door and a line of uncomfortable plastic chairs to choose between.

Once you make it into the room, oh that's when the real fun begins. You (well, I) will invariably have the wrong piece of paper, or not enough photos (5 if I remember correctly, just so you have to get two sets of 4 I imagine), or the wrong kind of letter explaining why you want to stay in the country.

When I went through all this I was working at an EU institution, the guardian of the freedom of movement for workers, and yet it took many visits and bits of paper before I was registered and my paperwork was in order.

Of course most people have to go back several times. Back to the basement, to sit under the low ceiling next to other unfortunate individuals waiting several minutes or several hours depending on the whims of the people behind The Door.

This is why I was scared.

I now had to go through this process in a country where you need to queue for two days and promise your first-born to a human trafficker just to post a parcel.

We decided on a first visit to suss the place out and get the list of requirements. We entered the building, close to the old town and pleasant on the outside. So far so good. We were directed up a flight of stairs (no basement holes here!) and I wearily eyed the people lining each side of a corridor. It looked like a long wait. I spotted the ticket dispenser and took an 'A' ticket, for EU citizens. Mine was A68. I turned to the display and winced in anticipation of just how many people were in front of me. A67 flashed up. What? Just one person? I'm next? At the end of the long corridor was my room. The poor souls lining the corridor were all B tickets, from outside the EU and destined for a long wait. I walked past them, to the room at the end with the EU flag. It would have been even more impressive if the flag hadn't been stuck on with messy tape.

My number came up. We were greeted by a smiling pregnant lady (yes, they do exist) who found out quickly what we needed, gave me the relevant form, told me the list of documents I would need to attach the form and advised me not to bother including the letter from my work. 'You're from England, there's no problem, we just need to know you have enough means to look after yourself, it's the EU'. I wanted to take her head in my hands and kiss her forehead. I restrained myself.

The following day I returned, sauntered up the corridor, took my place behind one other person, was seen after ten minutes, handed over my completed form, passport photocopy, insurance card copy, photos (just two), proof that the bank transfer had been made and smiled at the pregnant lady. She took out a lot of important looking stamps, stamped everything thoroughly, signed a lot of other bits and handed me a piece of paper.

'This tells you when the card will be ready. Here's our number if you'd like to check a few days before.'

That was it.

Brussels take note: Poland is well known for its inability to carry out the simplest procedure without metres and metres of red tape. If they can sort my paperwork for me in just a couple of brief visits with zero problems, you have no excuse.
          What will these kids do?        
I was on a bus yesterday with a friend who teaches in high school here in Poznan. Well, gymnajium, actually, but the kids were 15 or so and that translates into high school age for Americans. My friend said hi to the students and they said hi to him. My friend told me that they hadn't been to school since New Year's Eve and one of the students had just told him that he hadn't been home since that time, either.

They were your typical new punk Polish young males. Shaved heads, cigarettes, baggy trousers, and hooded sweatshirts. 100% American gangsta. And so young: 15!

Where are this country's strong male role models these kids so desperately need? What kind of people are teaching in the high schools? Where are their parents?

I'm not saying that this phenomenon is limited to Poland, or to only the financially distressed, but in a country that prides itself on character and with a government that prides itself on morality, what is not being done to save these kids from a life of crime and violence drives me almost to tears. There is a lack of strong male role models and an excess of bad ones.

I don't want to see the machismo ethic undermine the social structure and national identity. I wish Chuck Norris could come to Poland and have a big workshop on "How to be a Man." Maybe then they would listen.
          The fruit stalls        
I love the fruit stalls in Poland! Did I just use the words "love" and "Poland" in the same breath?

I was walking this morning and passed idly through one of the markets. The people who run these markets are amazing. They arrive every morning around 6 or 7 and set up shop. Every day. They lug in crates and crates of oranges, bananas, grapes, lemons, plums, and (when the season is right) fresh strawberries.

Approching one of them can be a bit of a trick for the uninitiated. The people that work behind the stalls are not delicate people. Their hands are calloused. Their voices are calloused, too. They'll give you a terse greeting and wait for you to tell them what you want. If you're not sure, they'll move on to the next customer.

Usually, I just find the fruits that I want and hand them over. They're weighed and a price is quoted. A fair price. Quite cheap. Much cheaper than comparable fresh fruits in the US.

You're less lucky if you want something that only the shopkeeper can reach. Then it becomes a negotiation.

Me: I'd like some tangerines.
Her: How many?
Me: Well, I'm not sure. How about 2 zl worth? (Not even knowing how much that'll be)
Her: Prosze (she then grabs about 15 tangerines and weighs them out.
Her: That'll be 2.50.
Me: ??
Her: 2.50
Me: Well, it could be worse. (Hands over the money)

Really, it's worth it. The fruit is killer and you can shop for bootleg DVD's, new clothes, and flowers at the same time.
          Choo choo boo boo        
Imagine seeing the first steam engine in 1804. What power! What speed! The great big iron horse coming from places unseen to take you off to new adventures. How exciting! Thoreau viewed the railroad as a turning point in human history.
When I meet the engine with its train of cars moving off with planetary motion... it seems as if the earth had got a race now worthy to inhabit it. If all were as it seems, and men made the elements their servants for noble ends!
Granted he didn't use it much, but he recognized its importance.

I take the train at least once a week, usually twice. I've taken all kinds of trains here in Poland, from the lowly osobowy to the chic Intercity and I've discovered that no matter how much you pay for passage, we all leave our manners in third class

Case 1: The Osobowy

The osobowy train is the budget train here in Poland. This untranslatable little word means something like "the people mover." That's what it does--with brutal efficiency. If you've ever wondered what a sardine feels like when he's in the middle, then the osobowy train is for you. The benches are assumed to sit two people, but when there are four people packed in and facing each other (especially when said passengers have brought luggage), you begin to wonder whether we are getting larger as the years go by.

Under such brutal conditions, you'd expect people to work together to find solutions to our common problems. Maybe by, say, putting luggage somewhere out of the way. As in not in the aisle, which is only about a foot and a half wide, anyway. Perhaps you'd scoot yourself near to the window to indicate that the seat next to you is empty.

Of course, none of us do this. We leave our junk in the aisle and we sit ourselves right in the middle and kind of lean forward in an effort to occupy all four seats at once. We feel like we deserve it. We paid for our ticket and we demand our comfort and space.

Case 2: The Pospieszny

This train, often called "the fast train" in the tourist books, is the bread and butter of Polish transport. These little guys will zip you anywhere you want to go, stopping every 30 minutes or so. No reserved seats, just like the osobowy trains.

The adventure starts on the platform. Everyone stands about, spending their last few minutes with the boyfriends or girlfriends. The brave peek their heads out and look in both directions to see if the train is coming. The persistent peek their heads out and look in both directions to see if the train is coming--every three minutes. Some poor folks are so lost that they don't even know on which side of the platform the train will arrive, so they do the peeking ritual on both sides.

The lights!! The cars!! It's coming!! When the train first turns the corner and is coming towards the platform, everybody suddenly starts walking towards where they think the front of the train will be. That is, if the train is going from Szczecin to Warsaw, you'll suddenly find yourself in the middle of an eastward bound stampede. Why we do this, nobody knows. Why not just space out on the platform and wait til the train stops before aiming for a door? I just don't know.

Then the doors open. Large packs form at each one. The ones in the back start to push in. The poor folks on the train trying to get off have to push their way through the eager soon-to-be passengers. And yes, that little old lady DOES have six pieces of buggage and no she can't lift ANY of them and yes YOU must help her.

Once you make it through the bottleneck (I usually just wait for the end. Someone's gotta be last) it's time to find a seat. But wait!! We are human beings! When we enter the train, we do not just take the first available seat. In accordance with the electrons we are made of, we desire to be equidistant. We simply must wander up and down the aisle and look for the compartment with the fewest people. Nevermind that the compartment will be filled up anyway, we need to be first.

That is, unless we can prevent the compartment from filling up. Here's a little trick that dupes the amateur rider every time. Someone goes into an empty compartment, turns off the lights, and closes the curtains, giving the outside world an image of impenetrability. In a country where most people aren't taught to question authority, a red fabric curtain might as well be a brick wall. And when an intrusive foreigner dares open the door and ask for a free seat, he's greeted with pressed lips and quiet aggression.

The ride is decent unless you happen to share a compartment with someone's dog. Yes, it happens.

Case 3 : The rest

I lump the remaining trains into the same category. Not because they are so similar to each other, just that in comparison to cases 1 and 2, they might as well be airplanes.

There are actually three classes of trains in this category: the express, the Eurocity, and the Intercity. The express is nothing special. It's a pospieszny with seat reservations and one or two fewer stops. But sometimes the seats are a bit more comfortable and these trains are never as crowded. The Intercity train, as the name implies, goes from major city to major city, with no stops in between. It's the Benzo of the trains. I think I've been on it once. The upstart business men like to order their Intercity train ticket by name, "Yes, I'll have the Lech to Warsaw Central tomorrow morning." And those types always get a faktura VAT (fancy receipt for tax reimbursement) that takes an extra 10 minutes.

Then there's the Eurocity. It's the Eurocity across the German border. The most popular one in Poland is the Berlin-Warsaw express. I take this train once a week to Konin. Every week I'm exposed to raw human depravity.

The cars on this train don't have compartments. They've got an aisle down the middle with two seats on each side, like an airplane. You might think that this train would be well-organized. You'd be sorely mistaken. Reading the seat numbers on one side, walking from the back of the car to the front, might go something like this: 1,3,5,9,12,23,15 and so on. And no, I'm not kidding (much).

Such a non-linear numbering method doesn't help people find the right seat. And of course once we get on the train we look for our seat and find someone in it. OK. No big deal. Just find another seat. There are about 150 of them. But the second you sit down (I bet you can guess it) there's someone looking at you and trying to conspicuously look at the seat number above you. They won't say anything, they'll just insinuate. So you get up and find another seat. Repeat two or three times. Eventually, you're in a seat and the train moves on.

I'm just as guilty as anyone else. With this post I just wanted to shed some light on how little we've progressed since Thoreau saw the big iron horse carrying humanity off to the next level. Our technology has advanced, but we're stuck on the Titanic.
          It’s about football        
That’s right, American football. So if you’re one of those – like so many I meet here – whose eyes glaze over in a funk of boredom at the mention of the sport, than you can safely skip this post.

Warsaw’s local American football team, the Warsaw Eagles, will be playing their first match six days from today. I know most of my p3ers out there know about this, because as a player/coach on the team, I’ve been crowing about next weekend’s tournament at the past few meetups, and one of our members will hopefully be writing about it in an upcoming local publication.

For me, coaching this team (that’s been my main role) has been one of the most rewarding expat experiences I’ve had in my near five years here. I’m the only American on the team. The ONLY one. That includes the head coach, who is British. That gives me an interesting perspective.

Growing up, I had football all around me. Autumn weekends were chock-full of college and pro American football games to watch and listen to on the radio, and my father was there to explain the basics for me. Heck, my mom was too. Players on the University of Michigan’s team or on the Detroit Lions were local heroes. In the States, it is nothing for a group of kids to have a pick-up game in somebody’s back yard after school – everybody knows how to play because everybody else knows. This is culturally-transferred knowledge.

And so it was easy for me to learn to love American football. I started at age 10.

It’s much different for the men (from 18-30ish) and kids (14-17) that I play with and coach here in Poland. These guys never had anyone to explain American football’s rules to them. There is absolutely zero American football culture here – you can hardly find a TV channel that carries the Super Bowl, much less regular season games. Getting involved in soccer is much easier, there are plenty of teams and games to watch, it’s all over, and professional football players are revered.

Still, despite no one around them understanding or even remotely interested in American football – once they find this game, they play.

What this experience has taught me is that there are elements to American football which can not be replaced by participation in any other sport. There is no logical reason for 40 guys to show up on a Sunday morning in an empty soccer field with two feet of snow on it to practice a game unknown to all of their friends and family, with no hope of monetary reward or even being respected for their abilities, except for pure love of the game. American football, for the right kind of man, is intoxicating. These men have drunk, and they know that there is no better taste than that of a tackle or a touchdown.

And that encourages me. What I said earlier about soccer notwithstanding, Poland is relatively dry of participation or interest in sports in general. Sometimes I see a big farm-fed Polish kid walking down the street and want to scream: “That boy’s a left tackle!” – because he will surely never play soccer, and probably won’t play rugby. But American football gives kids like him the chance to be valuable members of a team. American football has something to offer Poland.

American football will never be as popular here as the European sort – at least in my lifetime. But that’s ok with me. I see how in countries like Britain and especially Germany, where soccer is kin to religion, American football enjoys a significant following.

And that’s a situation that could happen here within my lifetime. I think Polish kids are absolutely starving for sports – for an American like me, the lack of emphasis on athletics is shocking and depressing. Maybe so few kids play because kicking a soccer ball just isn’t as satisfying as hitting the man across from you. Too many Polish kids these days have pent-up aggression that they take out in the wrong ways. American football can also act as a positive conduit for a young man’s rebelliousness.

So that’s one way in which this expat has found he can contribute something to this country, which has given him plenty in its own way.

As far as what I said earlier about American football becoming as popular here as it is in Germany, we’ve still got a long way to go – but next weekend’s international tournament is a start. If you want to do something a little bit different this weekend, come on out and cheer us on.

Warsaw Eagles website

Polish American Football Association website

Go Eagles!

March 25/26, 2006, WARSAW

Academy of Physical Education – Warsaw, 34 Marymoncka St., rugby field

main event of which will be the first ever in Poland International American Football Tournament

Teams taking part in the tournament: Søllerod Gold Diggers (Denmark), Pardubice Stallions (Czech Republic), 1.KFA Wielkopolska (Poland) and Warsaw Eagles (Poland)


Saturday, March 25th

9.00 – 11.00 1) Søllerod Gold Diggers - Warsaw Eagles
11.00 – 13.00 2) 1.KFA Wielkopolska - Pardubice Stallions
13.00 – 13.20 Official Opening
13.20 – 15.20 3) Pardubice Stallions - Søllerod Gold Diggers
15.20 – 17.20 4) Warsaw Eagles – 1.KFA Wielkopolska

Sunday, March 26th

9.00 - 11.00 5) Søllerod Gold Diggers - 1.KFA Wielkopolska
11.00 - 13.00 6) Warsaw Eagles - Pardubice Stallions
13.00 - 13.20 Tournament Summary

During the American Football Days in Poland a mini-tournament of Flag Football – contact-free version of American Football - will also be organised.

Furthermore, all the spectators are welcome to join numerous football workshops.


          Polish blogs united!        
I have come across a few new blogs in English, writing about Poland.

For instance, two blogs I have found that do political/economic stories mainly, but other stuff too. Eurogoeseast is run by Piotr. His last three posts have been about the depreciation of the zloty – wondering why you’re getting less at the kantor? – a story about Law and Justice called Crying Wolf (you get the picture) and one called Polish plumber strikes back about protectionism within the EU. Well written blog by someone who seems to know what he is talking about.

Our man in Gdansk, part of the Three Monkeys Online group, is good because he reads things like the viciously satirical NIE magazine, run by the infamous Jerzy Urban. And he will even have a look at Rzeczpospolita for you, too. He has also posted on the Balcerowicz controversy and much more… He is currently obsessed with George Clooney movies.

A curio was brought to beatroot’s attention by top Polish language blogger, kurczeblader. She calls it AmericanLove. It’s Polish-English blog by the Polish wife of an American marine who has just been posted to Iraq.

Back to current affairs - another new blog, Republic of Dreams, is shaping up nicely. I think it's by a Polish-American. His last post is about how the many bomb scares in the capital last fall could have been the work of the Polish secret services, trying to influence the results of the presidential election! Good stuff.
          I'm a threat to national security        
First I went and saw Good Night and Good Luck, Clooney's film about the McCarthy interrogations of would-be communists in post-WWII America. Then I read about Morrissey being interrogated this week by the CIA because of remarks he made about President Bush being a terrorist himself. Then, finally, tonight, while walking along Niepodlegosci, two of those tall, dark and wrapped-in-day-glo-vests police men came walking towards me with their little black books in hand. I've always wondered why they stopped innocent looking people on the street and now I got to find out the hard way.

The short cop started his spiel, and as I stared at him blankly pretending not to understand him, I listened to what he had to say to me. "By order of the former mayor and current President Kaczynski, it is our duty to check individuals throughout Warsaw for their proper papers and documents, to make sure everyone is welcome here and for the safety of the people of this great city."

I was shocked. As he continued further I interrupted and said, "Przrepraszm, nie mowie po polsku, mowie po angielsku?" And now they were shocked.

Lots of awkward expressions and grunts of English came out of the taller officer, as he was trying to explain why I needed to show my passport. I said I didn't have it with me, only a driver's license.

"Would that work?"


"Why do you need it?"

Lots and lots of fumbling...then he finally asked how long have I been in Poland. I said for about one year, then the other officer's eyes widened and he blurted you must know Polish then and went off on me about the rules and regulations for foreigners staying here. I had to slow them down and said, look, I'm here teaching English, my job doesn't require me to know your language. Boy were they frustrated with me, so to lighten things up, I said, "Well maybe you guys can help me out... I'm getting married this summer and am looking for wedding rings at jewelry stores along this street. The one up there was too small, any idea if there are more down this way?" ;-)

It worked, they laughed, smiled and offered that they didn't think there were any more stores to the south. The tall one was still trying so hard to tell me why I needed my passport but I was trying my best to convince them that I'm not a threat to the people of Warsaw, unless they feel that the increased use of English in their country is a dangerous thing! ;-)

The funny thing is, is that I'm illegal again.

You EUers got it made!

See you in the deportation cell!

          Krakow, where'd you get that magic?        
I'm spending a week in Krakow to decompress after my stressful (sic) week in the mountains. What a city!! I've been here many times before, but never on an extended stay.

This place is amazing!! They advertized a chess tournament on the radio! There are jazz clubs! Hurrah!

Maybe I'm just jealous. Having lived in Poznan for two years now (a nice city, but not cultural), I've become very jaded about Poland itself. Visiting Warsaw, unfortunately, didn't do anything to cure that. But having been here for just a few days, I'm beginning to see a glimmer of hope in what I had seen as a terrible situation.

Watched the old men playing their music by the cloth hall today. One guy sauntered over as I reached for my wallet. He got his zloty. It was well-deserved.

See you back in Poznan.
          Highly paid Poles invade the Isles        
Just a few years ago the only recognizable Polish footballer, and the only Polish National Team member, playing in the British Premiership was Jerzy Dudek. After Poland's entry into the EU, all of that has changed. The winter transfer window has been uncommonly busy with Poles getting transferred or linked to the Isles left and right. No less then eight Polish National Team members currently play in leagues across the UK: Maciej Zurawski (Celtic), Artur Boruc (Celtic), Jerzy Dudek (Liverpool), Tomasz Frankowski (Wolves), Kamil Kosowski (Southampton Saints), Tomasz Hajto (Southampton Saints), Grzegorz Rasiak (Hotspur) and Emmanuel Olisadebe (Pompey). Other leading Polish NT players are being linked with possible moves, Jacek Krzynowek from Bayer Leverkusen to Pompey, Marcin Baszczynski from Wisla Krakow to West Ham United, and Radoslaw Sobolewski from Wisla Krakow to Southampton. It looks like the majority of Polands starters playing in the World Cup this summer will be from the leagues across the UK. With other up and coming Poles also being snatched up: Bartosz Tarachulski (Dunfermline Athletic), Ziggy Malkowski (Hibernian FC), Bartosz Bialkowski (Southampton Saints), and Tomasz Kuszczak (West Brom), it appears that unlike the Polish plumber, no one fears the Polish footballers. It is quite a stunning turnaround.

The reason behind this sudden influx is Poland’s accession into the EU, before joining the EU a Polish player would have to fulfill certain work permit criteria - that is he would have to play in 75 per cent of Poland’s internationals to play in the Premiership. Now, any up and coming Pole has a shot of being signed, even "The Sausage" Grzegorz Piechna was linked with a move to Birmingham this winter. Just as Polish masons and plumbers have benefited from being able to work freely in Britain; Polish footballers are finding the UK to their liking. Interestingly enough Poles haven't been snatched up in any greater numbers by French, Spanish, German (though Germany has always had a larger proportion of Polish players) or Italian teams.

          A new jersey in town        

A new Polish jersey! I don't mean Jerzy, as in Jerzy Dudek, I mean jersey as in soccer (or football for the British blokes) jersey. The Polish NT unveiled new jerseys just in time for World Cup 2006 today, and unlike the plain traditional jersey's featuring the red and white colors of the Polish flag, Puma decided to emblazon a background image on these puppies. Although some people inaccurately assume the image to be of the Polish Eagle, it is actually the famed Polish Hussar. Poland's winged horsemen are etched into every Poles psyche, and indeed every Pole knows that King Sobieski, with the Hussar's playing the prominent role, was able to defeat the mighty Ottoman Empire at the Battle of Vienna on September 12, 1683. So now every Polish player will be able to play with spirit of 1683.

Still, is it a good move to use military symbols on a team jersey? I mean, what if the US decided to put an image of the M4 Sherman on its jersey? Okay, so no one remembers being overrun by a Polish Hussar, and the same cannot be said of the Sherman. Still, I think I should ask the Turkish NT whether they still feel any stigma over 1683, I'll let you know if they respond.
          The Kills announce 'Echo Home: Non-Electric EP' in celebration of 15th Anniversary        


The Kills – Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince – will release the Echo Home – Non-Electric EP digitally on June 2nd, with a limited edition 10” vinyl release available for pre-order today.

Both the physical and digital versions of the Echo Home – Non-Electric EP will feature audio from a stripped down session the band captured recently at Electric Lady Studios in New York. Alongside “Echo Home”, the EP features Ash & Ice track “That Love”, a cover of Rihanna’s “Desperado” (which the band originally played as part of a Sirius XMU session), and the song “Wait”, off the band’s first ever release, Black Rooster EP, which celebrates it’s 15 year anniversary on May 28th.

The Black Rooster EP was originally released on Dim Mak in 2002 and was the start of what’s been an incredible career for Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince of The Kills.

With five full-length albums (the most recent being 2016’s Ash & Ice), four EPs, a documentary, and countless live shows under their belt, the passion and fire they continue to bring to every recording and performance is extraordinary.

In their 15th year as a band, The Kills have been looking back and celebrating with a string of anniversary shows and retrospective features, and now this re-recording of “Wait”, one of the first Kills songs ever released. Steve Aoki, owner of Dim Mak and another artist who has proven a career with similar staying power, recently had some words to share on the release of Black Rooster:

"Many moons ago, back in 2002, I had to make a decision whether to pursue a Ph.D. Program or continue with my label Dim Mak & after hearing a demo from The Kills and becoming the first American label to release their EP Black Rooster, I knew what path I was going to choose. They took me under their wing and I hit the road with them as their tour manager, merch guy, driver (we all took turns) and label. I’ll never forget that and love Jamie and Alison forever. Thank you for believing in lil me when not many people gave two shits about Dim Mak and what we were doing. Ride or Die.” – STEVE AOKI

Pre-order the Echo Home 10” HERE.

The Kills 2017 Tour Dates:

05/27 Liverpool, UK - Liverpool Sound City
05/28 Margate, UK - Margate Wonderland
05/30 London, UK - Shepherds Bush Empire
06/02 Saint-Brieuc, France - Art Rock Festival
06/03 Saint-Laurent-De-Cuves, France - Papillons De Nuit Festival
06/06 Prague, Czech Republic - Roxy
06/07 Liepzig, Germany - Taubchenthal
06/09 Copenhagen, Denmark - Vega
06/10 Aarhus, Denmark - Northside Festival
06/13 Munich, Germany - Olympic Stadium *
06/16 London, UK - London Stadium *
06/17 London, UK - London Stadium *
06/24 Athens, Greece - Ejekt Festival
06/19 Helsinki, Finland - Rock The Beach #
06/21 Riga, Latvia - Lucavsala Island #
06/29 Gydnia, Poland - Open’er
07/02 Werchter, Belgium - Rock Werchter
07/07 Lisbon, Portugal - Nos Alive
07/10 Montreaux, Switzerland - Montreaux Jazz Festival
07/12 Dour, Belgium - Dour Festival
07/16 Berlin, Germany - Melt Festival
08/12 Bucharest, Romania - Summer Well Festival
08/15 Budapest, Hungary - Sziget Festival
08/17 Gampel, Switzerland - Open Air Gampel
08/19 Zagreb, Croatia - Tvornica Kulture
08/25 Charleville Mezières, France - Cabaret Vert
08/26 Paris, France - Rock En Seine
09/19 Porto Alegre, Brazil - Anfiteatro Parque (Outdoor) %
09/21 Rio, Brazil - Rock In Rio
09/23 Sao Paulo, Brazil - Allianz Parque %

* = with Guns ‘N’ Roses
# = with Foo Fighters
% = with Bon Jovi 

          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        

Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information

The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website

          Part Deux: The feedback cometh. Wojciech Korsak of Explorer Consulting        
Part Deux: The feedback cometh. Wojciech Korsak of Explorer Consulting

Wojciech is based within Poland and services the business needs of the knowledge management arena within the EU zone. A master of his approach to Visual Business Management, his skills sets are numerous and he has established himself and his associates as the go to place for all things graphical Business Management.

In answer to: The Evolution of the Visual Mapper (Part Deux)?

Do you believe the Visual/Knowledge mapping arena has experienced a measurable advancement since the publication of the original article?

If yes: what do you believe have been the most relevant advancements?

IMO, undoubtedly "yes"; elements such as:
  • Cloud sharing
  • Cloud co-working on same document
  • Internal calculations
  • Advanced filtering
  • Tagging topics (very important in my work)

These are all key element advancements that indicate we've moved forward as Knowledge Mappers.

Further: the flexibility viewing in various formats allows the user freedom to present knowledge in different ways to graphically communicate the connections between topics. This option is very useful to present topics as diagrams, and not merely as a typical mind map structure.

Most importantly we are exchanging data. It's so convenient to view topics and maps in various output formats: mind maps, process maps, Gantt charts, metro maps, info graphics, sales dashboards,... A most excellent example is CS Odessa's ConceptDraw Office; the engineered balance of: MindMap, Project and PRO independent yet interdependent products is genius.

If not: what have been the most notable failures of advancement?

What are the consequences for the arena based on advancements and/or failures?

To be frank; we must and have moved forward from mere hand drawn visual representations of information and knowledge. Of course you have the ultimate choice between hand or digital based solutions.

In my work, as a Knowledge management consultant; I approach business knowledge using various graphical formats to assist, coach and teach business managers to begin handling and expressing their data, information and knowledge in graphical formats. Static diagrams have their place, but interactive sales dashboards, knowledge bases, projects dashboards; they hold the future within database file architecture environment.

Are we there yet as a mainstream addition or alternative to established productivity tool-sets?

Well there's many interesting formats that provide solutions knowledge management.

IMO there's 3 main groups of users.

[1] Classical mind mapping users (Tony Buzan hand drawn)
[2] Software mind mapping that has morphed into the multiple graphical formats of Visual Mapping
[3] Database use with a graphical bent who us multiple IT solutions to create, manage and present knowledge

To shock you; I actually use 15 unique software and cloud products to accomplish my approach to Visual business management. So it all depends on who and what needs to be presented: it may be simple static diagrams or interactive knowledge bases.

How do you envision the future of Visual/Knowledge mapping arena

Well I hope we'll arrive at, as Gregory Zhukov CEO of CS Odessastates, “A common file format”. I really do hope, as my colleague Wallace Tait hopes for too, as it would enable the presentation and exchange of data, information and knowledge so much easier. Many of my clients confirm the need and want of a common graphical knowledge database. For me as graphical dashboard junky, this would be a users dream come true.

          Part Deux: The feedback cometh. Jamie Nast of Idea Mapping Success        
 Part Deux: The feedback cometh. Jamie Nast of Idea Mapping Success

In answer to: The Evolution of the Visual Mapper (Part Deux)?

Do you believe the Visual/Knowledge mapping arena has experienced a measurable advancement since the publication of the original article? Yes
  1. If yes: what do you believe have been the most relevant advancements?

I can only speak of my own experience. Since 2010 I’ve taught my Idea Mapping Workshop to over 5000 professionals.
The companies where I’ve taught have taken me to a wide array of countries and organizations including these notables:
    - Poland for the last 8 years to be part of a project sponsored by the Ministry of Regional Development and the European Union. This program has been recognized for its excellence by the Office of the Prime Minister.
    - One of Abu Dhabi’s largest oil companies - Takreer
    - Amman Jordan
    - Presentations for PMI and IIBA annual conferences with standing room only
    - PRA International: A clinical research organization
    - Ball State U & Middle Tennessee State University
    - A 3-year contract with the largest aviation company in the world
    As a result of these workshops I’ve seen such a vast variety of uses for mind maps; many of which I cannot expound upon due to the proprietary nature of the content. I’ve seen tremendous personal and professional growth in astounding numbers of workshop participants. Other advancements would include the Biggerplate movement and the Using Mind Maps Magazine.

    2. NA

  1. What are the consequences for the arena based on advancements and/or failures?

The consequences are like a snowball that is picking up steam. I only see a continued desire to embrace mind mapping and other visual tools that enhance learning, thinking and productivity.

  1. Are we there yet as a mainstream addition or alternative to established productivity tool-sets?

In pockets, but still have a way to go.

  1. How do you envision the future of Visual/Knowledge mapping arena?
The biggest change I’ve seen is that people finally get that you can’t just throw a software package at a user and expect them to “get it.” I see the trend changing to teaching learners the theory behind mind mapping then followed by the potential use of a software tool. This gives mappers deep knowledge of both hand-drawn and software generated maps. Now the purpose of creating a mind map can determine the venue.

          Hellspawn – There Has Never Been A Son Of Me (2016)        
Genre: Death Metal Format: mp3 | CBR320kbps Country: Poland Size: 94 Mb Tracklist: 1. Do Not Be Among Idolatres 04:11 2. Hung on a Tree, Damned by His Father 03:35 3. Antitrinitarian 05:35 4. For the Number Is Human 04:27 5. Hallelujah 03:47 6. Heralded by Prophets 04:19 7. Upon Entering the Valley They Did […]
          Order for Maintenance of Polish Navy's RBS15 Mk3 Missiles        
Defence and security company Saab has received an order from the Naval Port Gdynia, Poland, for the maintenance and logistic support of the Polish Navy’s RBS15 Mk3 surface-to-surface missile system with deliveries taking place 2017-2018. Contracted in 2006, the RBS15 Mk3 is in service on-board the Polish Navy’s Orkan-class fast attack craft. Included in the contract is scheduled maintenance of the missile system and additional ILS in the form of training and additional tool sets...
          Submarine and Surface Ship MoU        
Defence and security company Saab announces it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Polska Grupa Zbrojeniowa (PGZ), the biggest defence company in Poland. The document foresees the development of close cooperation between Saab and PGZ in the planning and delivery of Polish naval programs, including surface ship and submarine construction for the Polish Navy and export customers. Earlier this year Saab and PGZ signed a letter of intent to cooperate within a range of projects r...
          Local Xenophobe wants National Power        
Canyon County Commissioner and anti-immigration pundit Robert Vasquez announced on June 10 his intention to run for Butch Otter's soon-to-be-vacant U.S. Congressional seat, joining a small handful of Republicans who have expressed interest in the position. The difference between Vasquez and these others is that he only speaks about a single issue: illegal aliens. Most recently, he strong-armed Canyon County into hiring a lawyer to pursue litigation of any businesses found to employ immigrants, although Vasquez prefers different terminology. As he told the Idaho Press-Tribune earlier this year, "That would be like saying Hitler's army marching into Poland was merely...
          The Twelve Tribes of Israel Revealed (A Hypothesis)        
Following is my hypothesis on the identity of all twelve tribes of Israel. I hypothesize that the identity of the twelve tribes of Israel as they exist now, in light of the scripture of God as accounted for in the Holy Bible are as follows. Reuben are the modern day French people's, the tribe of Simeon are the Scottish, the tribe of Levi are the Welsh of today, Judah are the Jewish peoples of today, Zebulun are the peoples of Portugal and Spain, Issachar are the peoples of Germany and the Scandanavian peoples. Dan are a peoples mingled within the populations of northern Europe, Gad are the peoples of the Netherlands, Asher, the modern peoples of Poland, the Ukraine, and the western extreme of Russians in those lands, Naphtali are today's Italians, Joseph, as the father of Ephraim and Manasses comprise the peoples of England and Ireland, respectively. Note:( the people whose origin is of the land of England within the UK and not UK in general is the domain of the Ephriamite tribe.)Finally, the tribe of Benjamin is comprised of the peopled of modern Russia and associated states and people's related to them linguistically, etc. These, I surmise, are the twelve tribes of Israel as described in the book of Genesis 49 and within other various sections within The Holy Bible.
          Economic and Geo-Political Prognosis for 2015        

Paper No. 5856                                 Dated 12-Jan-2015

Guest Column by Dr. Rajesh Tembarai Krishnamachari and Srividya Kannan Ramachandran


The re-moderation of the world economy set in place over the past few years continues apace. Notwithstanding some lasting damage on the supply side through the 2008 recessionary trough, our outlook for 2015 is bullish weighing more on optimistic data trends than on continued negative sentiment proffered from some analyst quarters.

Around the world in 80 (or more) words:

Treating the ten-year US Treasury bond yield as a proxy indicator for that nation's nominal GDP growth, we anticipate United States to grow around 3% next year.[1] While this does not mark a return to the buoyant 90s, it is better than the secular stagnation hypothesized earlier in 2014.[2] With US acting as an engine to spur growth, the world economy should also expand by more than 3%.[3] Stability across the world will be maintained – as sparks without a concomitant fury will characterize both overt (e.g. Russia-West over Ukraine) and covert (e.g. China-Japan over Senkaku) animosities.[4] European stagnation from debt and unemployment will be counterbalanced through quantitative easing by the European Central Bank.[5] Similar action in Japan will display the limits of Abe-nomics.[6] China will prepare for a structural slowdown emphasizing domestic consumption and de-leveraging an over-heated financial sector; all the while growing at a 7% rate that will amaze rivals around the world.[7] Indian reform, even if inadequate, will boost the middle classes and reinforce confidence in the Modi government.[8] African countries will find their commodity boom dissipate and ease of borrowing decline as commodity prices fall and yields rise in the developed world.[9]

Continental tectonics:

a. North America:

Economic benefits arising from the exploitation of shale gas have not only silenced the anti-fracking environmentalists, they have altered the strategic world-view of Washington politicians.[10] As US aims to overtake even Saudi Arabia in oil/NGL production in 2015 (and the Saudis pull out all stops in preventing it by driving crude prices down), it has markedly reduced its role as a global policeman.[11] Its own economy is on the mend even as a lame-duck president will be boggled down with partisan grid-lock. Markets will fret about the mid-year (or earlier?) hike in interest rates; though Main Street - aided by a strong dollar - will likely shrug it off with a continued upward movement across different sectors.[12]

Mexico and Canada will benefit from their tight coupling with the United States.[13] Enrique Pena Nieto will claim credit for reforming the Mexican economy – across sectors as diverse as energy and telecom.[14] Pemex, dear to the Mexicans, will face some competition, though nothing remotely similar to the American acquisition of Tim Hortons – dear to the Canadians – will happen.[15] Up north, the Canadian elections in 2015 will reveal whether the country has reverted to its liberal propensities or sticks with Harper's conservative agenda.[16]

b. Latin and South America:

The outlook is disappointing across much of the region. Run-away inflation hammers Argentina and Venezuela; milder ill-effects bedevil Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay.[17] The Maduro regime in Venezuela and the Kirchner government in Argentina continue to flirt with disaster as their GDP growths slip and mass discontent builds up.[18] Dilma Rousseff has stabilized her position electorally, though her policies continue to disappoint investors and have the potential to reignite sudden protests like the 2013 bus-fare protests.[19] Dependence on commodity exports in a time of declining prices does not portend well for any of the South American states, including Brazil.[20] On a positive note, Cuba – already expected by analysts to grow by close to 4% next year – will see a boost to its fortunes accruing from a thaw in relations with US under Obama.[21]

c. Africa:

African nations had a great run in the past few years. This arose not only from the boom in commodity prices but also from the need for yield amongst DM (developed market) investors resulting in investment in both corporate and public African bonds.[22] In 2015, these factors could dissipate which will place pressure on countries like Angola where household spending has risen more than 4000% since the start of the millennium.[23] Ethiopia and Kenya are expected to continue on a robust growth path.[24] Contradictions abound within Africa, and nowhere are they more visible than in Nigeria. While the northern part struggles under the oppression of Boko Haram, the southern part booms under Goodluck Jonathan's president-ship.[25] In neighboring South Sudan, one is reminded of the risk-reward payoff as the nation widely tipped to experience spectacular growth in 2014, got mired in conflict, with the consequent dissipation of growth potential.[26]

American intervention in Libya undermined the Gaddafi-imposed order and has led to a civil war between the Islamist and secularist factions which will hold back that nation in the coming year.[27] A more benign intervention was that of the French in Mali in 2013; we expect more calls for Hollande's assistance in 2015.[28] El Sisi has stabilized Egypt after the Muslim Brotherhood interlude in the post-Mubarak era. Though more brutal than Mubarak, the El Sisi regime is being propped by both the Americans and Saudis, leading us to expect the recent bull run in Egyptian markets to continue.[29] ANC rule in South Africa continues unimpeded. Though atrophied by many scandals, the rule should produce close to 3% growth in the coming year.[30]

d. Middle East:

The region continues to be a cesspool of ethno-sectarian rivalries as the century-old Sykes-Pikot agreement unravels.[31] Recep Erdogan has stabilized Turkey and should reap a growth on par with other emerging economies.[32] Erdogan's external actions driven by AKP's crypto-desire to establish a caliphate will see him prop the Islamic State (IS) just so that it can damage Shia and Kurdish interests; but not enough to threaten his own Sunni hegemonic plans.[33] The Saudi establishment has focused on the removal of the Muslim brotherhood threat; now they will focus on limiting Shia Iranian influence by keeping crude prices low.[34] Western companies made a beeline to Iran in 2014 in hope of an impending thaw; much will depend on the negotiation ability of the Rouhani establishment on the sanction front.[35] Dubai and Israel remain insulated from the turmoil around and could reap the benefit of the uptick in the world economy.[36] The risk of sudden flare-ups like the 2014 Gaza war continue to remain on the Israeli radar.

e. Asia and Australia:

The Asian political scene is remarkably stable with China, Japan and India looking inward to stabilize their economies under the leadership of Xi Jinping, Shinzo Abe and Narendra Modi, respectively. Some events have gone unnoticed by world media – for example, China starts the year of the goat as the world's largest economy when measured in PPP terms and for the first time ever, Chinese outbound investments could exceed those inbound.[37] The establishment of China on the world stage has made Xi stronger than any Chinese leader in recent memory bar Chairman Mao himself. The Abe regime will continue on its reformist route of bringing Japan out of the deflationary zone, while winking at nationalist sentiment calling for a re-interpretation of the country's post-war pacifist role.[38] Down south in India, Modi has surprised both supporters and detractors alike by his middle-path approach to reforming the economy and his zealous interest in foreign policy. While reforming cautiously, he has not removed the populist schemes of the previous government. 2015 will see him act unimpeded by local elections (other than in Bihar) and will prove to be a litmus test of his claims of good governance.[39]

Afghanistan under Ashraf Ghani will face more trouble from Taliban as US adopts the Pakistani classification into good versus bad Taliban.[40] In nearby Pakistan, the wildly popular Imran Khan - with some help, perhaps, from the deep state – will challenge the established parties in their home turfs.[41] In Indonesia, Jake Widodo has come to power with Imran Khan-type support amongst the youth, and he will be hard-pressed to implement his reformist agenda – including reducing fuel subsidies – amidst persistent opposition from entrenched interests.[42] ASEAN will continue to slip on its stated intentions for closer cooperation.[43] Australia will try to balance its strategic partnership with the United States with economic dalliances with the Chinese.[44]

f. Europe and Russia:

Vladimir Putin will be emboldened by the short-term rise in domestic popularity; and hence ignore the longer-term implications of his intervention in Ukraine.[45] Tighter coupling with Kazakhstan and Belarus will not prevent what is likely to be a low-growth and high-inflation year for the Russians.[46] Europe as a whole continues to underperform, and it will be most visible in France and Italy both of whom might record less than 1% growth in GDP. With the Trierweller-Gayet saga behind his back, Francois Hollande will attempt to rein in a deficit running at close to 4% of GDP. Even with help from ECB's quantitative easing program, there is little expectation that Hollande can avoid being the most unpopular leader amongst all western democracies.[47] In Italy, high debt and unemployment – exemplified by the statistic of four-fifths of Italians between the ages of 20-31 living with parents – will hamper any efforts Matteo Renzi might take to pull the economy out of its doldrums.[48]

The Greeks might look forward to a better year, especially when juxtaposed against their recent past. On the back of painful reforms, the Greek economy is widely anticipated to commence its long journey back to health, though there might be recurrent political scares and recalcitrant rumors of a Greek exit.[49] The German government will be buffeted by opposing demands – external calls for a more interventionist role in stabilizing the world economy and internal ones for tempering the same. Cautious progress on the fiscal front will lead to modest GDP growth.[50] Ironically, the European nations with best GDP growth projections are also the ones with the highest exposure to Putin's misadventures, viz. Poland, Latvia and Lithuania.[51]

Sectors and segments:

Having dropped significantly in the past few months, the level of oil prices affects the prospects for many industry sectors in 2015.  Oil is typically expected to revert to the mean because a lower oil price has discernible impact on both supply (by discouraging investment in its production and distribution) and demand (by boosting economic activity) sides.[52] The speed of such mean-reversion remains unclear. Russia, Iran and US shale producers (esp. those who are not based at strategic locations) suffer disproportionally more than the Saudi establishment at current price levels.[53] Lower oil prices will provide a fillip to consumer discretionary industries and airlines; and have an adverse impact on railroad (benefiting from oil transportation) and petrochemical companies. The shale gas boom - apart from increasing housing activity - is also the prime driver behind growth in the US steel and construction material sectors; consequently both the steel and construction sectors will remain susceptible to crude movements.[54]

Low interest rates and low macro-growth prospects will induce companies with excess cash to acquire other companies to report earnings growth. That trend will be apparent in companies transacting in sectors as diverse as healthcare, industrials, semiconductors, software and materials.[55] On another side of investment banks, trading desks will see higher market volatility as major powers pursue divergent paths to monetary policy (e.g. US against EU/Japan).[56] In US, regulatory obligations increasing cost of capital for holding certain securities might lead to decreased broker liquidity.[57] 2015 shall see the big banks grapple with the regulations in Basel III and Volcker; one expects regulatory push towards vanilla deposit-taking and lending to continue.[58] Analysts will hope that stronger balance sheets coupled with a return to profitability lead to increased dividend payout for investors in financial stocks. China will seek to tame its overheated financial sector amidst a structural slowdown[59], and India will see RBI governor Raghuram Rajan continue his battle against political interference in corporate lending.[60] Wealth management services will perform remarkably well not only in China, but also to a lesser extent in US as a rising market creates wealth and a retiring baby-boomer crowd seeks to couple low risk with acceptable return.[61] In the arena of mobile payment, Apple Pay will try to avoid the lackluster performance of earlier attempts like Google Wallet.[62]

Lower gasoline prices and an accompanying increase in disposable income (through wealth creation at the markets, increased home values, reduced unemployment and improved economic activity) creates a positive outlook for the consumer discretionary sector. Companies dealing with organic farming benefit from increased health consciousness; the market for yoga will continue to rise as 2014 saw the UN declare a world yoga day on Modi's initiative.[63] Even as DVDs and Blue-rays fall, digital film subscriptions and on-demand internet steaming will rise to please Hollywood.[64] Bollywood will get over its obsession with INR 100 crore revenues as movies will cross that level more frequently.[65]  With supply level of hotels remaining the same as few years back, revenue per room will rise across the sector.[66] Tighter access to credit continues to hamper the rise in existing house sales, which nevertheless should improve over the past year.[67] Asian apparel manufacturers continue to improve their market share in the fast fashion market.[68]  October 2015 will see Europeans benefit from the eCall service in all their new cars, which allows a car to immediately report details to the base-stations on any accident. New carbon-emission standards also come into force in Europe; even elsewhere the move towards higher efficiency in cars will continue.[69] Widodo will be pleased at the growth in automobile sales in Indonesia, which should exceed those of other major markets.[70] Internet advertising is rising faster than television commercials, though 2015 will still see the latter dominate the former in overall revenue generated.[71] Privacy concerns continue to erode on the social media front.[72] The newspaper industry will see increased number of advertorials re-packaged as "native advertising" by which companies will pay for advertisements to be written as paid newspaper article.[73]

In India, the BJP government is yet to clarify its position on foreign direct investment in retail.[74] Irrespective of its final decision, retail sales should surge sharply upward there as the consummation of pent-up demand of past few years couples with the thriving of 'mall culture' in middle-tier cities. China will also see an increase in retail sales inspite of its investigation in to WalMart.[75] The anti-corruption campaign though will negatively impact luxury good sales as well as those of higher-end automobiles there[76]. A strong dollar will affect US companies with significant operations abroad. Wheat production might match 2014 record volumes in Europe[77]; though more newsprint will probably be devoted to higher prices of cocoa from Ivory Coast.[78] Idiosyncrasies of local markets will shine as Dubai invests in large-scale brick and mortal malls, while Manhattan gets more of its groceries delivered at home steps.[79]

Demand for energy should rise at the same pace as the world GDP next year. Analysts will point at attractive valuations of oil companies.[80] If shale price remains attractive, Sabine Pass in Louisiana will emerge as the first plant in US to export LNG.[81] Four years after the Fukushima incident, Japan will see nuclear reactors back in operation at Sendai.[82]

2014 saw the denizens of the developed world fret about Ebola, breast cancer (through a campaign by actor Angelina Jolie) and ALS (through the ice bucket challenge).[83] Overall, health spending will comfortably outpace the rate of growth of the overall economy. Long-term secular trends driving this are the aging population in the western world (with the population pyramid replaced by a population dome) and an emerging middle class elsewhere with increasing demand for improved access to healthcare.[84] Universal healthcare has been promised for all in India, which should drive up healthcare expenditure by a significant amount there.[85] In 2015, large US companies are mandated under Obama-care to provide insurance to more than 70% of their eligible workforce.[86] Uncertainty on US healthcare reform and debate thereon may cause short-term price volatility. Millennial Development Goals will reviewed by the UN later in the year with a new set of goalposts announced for countries to be met by 2030; different NGOs will campaign vigorously through media to get their pet agendas included in the final list.[87]

Transportation companies will report higher earnings from increased economic activity.[88] Apart from some airlines which have suffered reputation damage through recurring accidents, airline companies will benefit from the reduced oil prices. Defense industry will see robust growth in China, as "Chi-America" remains no more a chimera.[89] Alarmed by this increase, Vietnam with Philippines will move within the US ambit and Australia will seek to join the tripartite naval exercises in the Indian Ocean between US, Japan and India.[90] Tensions in Eastern Europe and the middle-east will favor increases in expenditure across the region. The nationalist government in India will increase defense expenditure sharply even as it moves beyond lip-service on the long-standing issue of indigenization of defense manufacturing.[91]

The mantra of social-local-mobile (SoLoMo in tech jargon) continues to drive the consumer markets division of information technology companies.[92] Expenditure on IT hardware is significantly retarded by the increasing move to cloud computing.[93] The move to cloud computing - along with increasing use of mobile commerce - bodes well for the computer security business.[94] India should see a sharp increase in smart phone adoption; elsewhere tablet computers will rise against laptop and desktops.[95] Embedded systems coupled with rudimentary networking will be marketed as an all-encompassing internet of things as the era of big data continues.[96]  Today, a single family in US places more demands on data flow than the entire planet did a decade back; and even this data rate is expected to increase by a whopping 70% over the next year. Consolidation in the cable sector (e.g Comcast with Time Warner Cable) and the convergence of content with distribution (e.g. AT&T with DirectTV) are two trends that should continue on from 2014.[97] Even as Indians will talk about 3G coverage spanning the nation; Americans will tweet about 4G price warfare and the Chinese will see ZTE unveil a 5G prototype.[98] Facebook will have more users than China has human beings.[99] Analysts will harp about impact of interest-rate hikes on high dividend paying telecom stocks.[100] Apart from the financial industry, telecom will emerge as an industry most impacted by federal regulation across the globe.

The anthropologist Edward Weyer once compared the future to being akin to a "corridor into which we can see only through the light coming from behind".  It is in that sense that we have analyzed the data of the bygone year and tried to extrapolate into the days and months ahead. And when some are falsified - and falsified, some will be - then we shall lay credit for the same at the feet of those responsible - viz. us, the people.

[The authors are based in New York City, and can be contacted through email at and The views represented above are personal and do not in any manner reflect those of the institutions affiliated with the authors.]


[1] See the graph titled "10 year bond yield: annual change and real GDP: annual % change" at

[2] "Secular stagnation: facts, causes and cures", a VoxEU eBook at

[4] A brief historical perspective on the Russia-Ukraine conflict is at

The Economist magazine summarizes the debate over Senkaku islands at

[5] “The ECB, demigods and eurozone quantitative easing” at

[6] “Bank of Japan announces more quantitative easing: the next chapter in Abenomics” at

[7] “World Bank urges China to cut economic growth target to seven percent in 2015, focus on reforms” at

[8] “Reforms by PM Narendra Modi will help India to grow 5.5% this year, 6.3% next year: ADB” at

[10] “The experts: how the US oil boom will change the markets and geopolitics”,

[13] “Economic growth patterns in USA, Canada, Mexico and China” at

[14] “Mexican president Pena Nieto's ratings slip with economic reform” at

[17] “Andres Oppenheimer: Latin America's forecast for 2015: not good” at

[18] “Maduro blames plunging oil prices on US war vs Russia, Venezuela” at and “What's in store for post-Kirchner Argentina” at

[19] “Brazil economists cut 2015 growth forecast to slowest on record” at

[20] “Economic snapshot for Latin America” at

[21] “Cuba, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico business forecast report Q1 2015” at and “Obama's Cuba move is Florida's top story for 2014” at

[24] “Ethiopia overview” at and “Kenya overview” at

[26] “Internal violence in South Sudan” at!/?marker=33.

[27] “Political instability in Libya” at!/?marker=14.

[28] “The regional impact of the armed conflict and French intervention in Mali” at

[29] “EGX head optimistic on equities as Egyptian economy recovers” at

[30] “Economy - outlook for 2015 dismal, despite boost” at

[31] “Pre-state Israel: The Sykes-Picot agreement” at

[32] “Turkey - economic forecast summary (Nov 2014)” at

[34] “Saudi-Iranian relations since the fall of Saddam” at

[36] “Dubai 2015 cross sector business outlook extremely bullish” at and “Israel - economic forecast summary (Nov 2014)” at

[37] “China's leap forward: overtaking the US as world's biggest economy” at

[38] “Understanding Shinzo Abe and Japanese nationalism” at

[39] Book: “Getting India back on track: an action agenda for reform” edited by B. Debroy, A. J. Tellis and R. Trevor.

[40] “US may not target Mullah Omar after this year" at

[41] “The rise and rise of Kaptaan” at

[42] “Widodo launches reform agenda with fuel price hike” at

[43] “ASEAN's elusive integration” at

[46] “Russia's economics ministry downgrades 2015 oil price forecast to $80 per barrel” at

[47] “Hollande popularity plumbs new low in mid-term French poll” at

          BroadwayWorld Seeks Contributors Near Cape Playhouse & Berkshire Theater        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 5M+ monthly visitors!

To apply, or for more information, send an email to

Not located near Berkshire or Cape Playhouse? Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions we're currently recruiting in below!

United States:

Anchorage, Arkansas, Casper, Dayton, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Madison, Milwaukee, Montana, New Hampshire, Sioux Falls, Wichita, Memphis, Tulsa, Vermont, Provincetown, South Dennis (RI), and Stockbridge(MA).


Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.

          Happy Ending Haircut??        
There's this new hair salon for men that opened up here in Portland, called HairM. It's for men exclusively, and it's designed to pamper the man. The stylists' stations each have their own TV, with remote, where the man can watch sports, news, whatever he's into (porn I don't know about :op). They give the man a long scalp massage, offer him a beer, and try to make his short stay there as pleasant as humanly possible - for a man to be in a salon.... let's face it, it's probably not a guy's favorite place to be. I wish I'd have thought of this, it's really a great idea!

I made a comment to JP this morning that if the women wore bikinis, they'd attract even more men and get pretty goddamn big tips to boot!! :)

JP sent me some pictures today of a hair salon in Poland, dammit they stole my idea!!!

          Survivors Series 6        
Things move on, people rebuild, the world starts again. This is where we find ourselves at the beginning of Survivors Series 6. It sees the world two years on from the pandemic that killed 99% of the population – links are being formed between communities, a fledgling society is incubating – tenuous links are being formed with the Norwegian Federation, Norway even has a rudimentary postal system and some industry, but everything is very very tenuous and could all come falling down. And in Britain things are pretty much like they are now (apart from a decimated population) but the British attitude seems to have survived the pandemic and a lot of communities want to remain isolated. Yes indeed the plague may have destroyed the world as we know it but the UKIP gene seems to have survived intact and as Abby Grant (Carolyn Seymour) finds out some communities are not as welcoming and outward looking as the world needs them to be to thrive.
 This set takes a slightly different approach to the other sets, rather than one big story told over four chapters these are four separate stories about different characters, but they share a thematic and tonal link – the theme of isolation versus engagement runs through the stories like the words in a particularly bleak stick of rock bought just out of season and as always there are four stories:
 6.1 Beating the Bounds by Ian Potter
 Continuing her search for her son Abby Grant comes across an isolated community where feudalism has become the normal way of life. Its a big community with over 200 people, they have a Countess in charge (Sheila Reid) who is a focal point for the community – but this community has long been hidden away from the world and was not at all affected by the pandemic – and Abby Grant may be a carrier. A tense opener and a microcosm of the problems facing the world, fear of contact with outsiders may be a way to keep yourselves safe, but for how long? How long can a small community with diminishing resources and a small gene pool survive? How long can a community that relies on an elderly matriarchal figurehead to unite the people survive? what happens when she dies? This is a tense opener – the community is on borrowed time but only Abby can see it the residents are just too close to their lives to see any different. Bleak and cautionary.
 6.2 The Trapping Pit by Christopher Hatherall
 As Jenny (Lucy Fleming) and Ruth (Helen Goldwyn) pay a trade visit to Evelyn Piper’s Foundation – they are attacked by bandits, two young scared starving survivors Craig (George Watkins) and Spike (Hannah Genesius) – and soon the tables are turned, Spike has fled and Craig has fallen down a trapping pit and is impaled on a tree root and it is up to Ruth to save his life. And she is determined not to let him slip away. Relentlessly grim with some incredible performances especially from Helen Goldwyn as Ruth and George Watkins as Craig as Ruth tries with rudimentary equipment to keep Craig alive until help arrives, Craig tells Ruth stories about his childhood as he loses more and more blood an his body goes in to shock from the pain this is the most human episode of Survivors and is the ethos of the series personified in one episode.
 6.3 Revenge of Heaven by Simon Clark
 Greg Preston (Ian McCulloch) has made it to Norway and is in discussions with the Norwegian Federation to form trade links with like minded communities in the UK and there are rumours of a cure for the plague discovered by a Russian scientist Professor Raskova (Tracy Wiles), but she has been kidnapped and is about to be shipped to Poland – so it is up to Greg and his new friend the mysterious Katherine Tanner (Julie Graham – who was also Abby Grant in the 2009 remake!) to undertake a life or death race against time to rescue the professor. The most action based episode of Survivors I have heard, almost a blockbuster in its production and tone – this has a similar theme of selfish isolation versus the good of all but on a much larger scale – the future of the human race is at stake and Greg Preston is on the case.
 6.4 Lockup by Andrew Smith
 Abby Grant discovers the community of Peacetown and is surprised to find out that it is based at an old Prison, converted to house a community and keep it safe. Peacetown claims to be self sufficient and will not trade with neighbouring communities, but comes down hard on those that break their rules, and one of the people who has allegedly broken the rules is one Greg Preston…
Presided over by the tyrannical Brendon Glover (James Wilby) an ex Prison warden who has his own ideas about crime and punishment. A brutal end to a pretty brutal set. Abby Grant has never been better with her disdain for Glover and all he stands for and Greg plays the hero with authority but not with arrogance, a born leader who us reluctant to be cast in that role but a role circumstances have forced him to take on.
 A very different take on Survivors, much more stand alone but much more desperate for it, having the main players split up and having to try to be, if not heroes, then the best that they can possibly be in awful circumstances is refreshing to hear, there is hope for the future, there s a way forward but it will be slow and it will be hard and the most difficult thing is convincing others to look outwards and embrace a brave new world and not inwards to self destruction. A million miles away from easy listening but a well deserved 10/10.

          Red Griffin of Pomerania        

See t-shirts with this design.

A griffin, griffon, or gryphon, however it's spelled, represents the unification of the two most regal animals, the lion and the eagle. As such, it is considered particularly majestic.

Heraldic griffins are usually shown in the position seen in the design. This posture is usually blazoned segreant, a term reserved solely for griffins. Any other animal in the same posture, such as a lion, is blazoned as rampant.

Pomerania is a region in northern Europe on the Baltic Sea now split between Poland and Germany. In the past, it was a somewhat independent duchy, and powers such as Poland, Sweden, and the Holy Roman Empire often fought for control.

The coat of arms comes from the duchy's ruling House of Griffins, which first used the griffin as its symbol in 1214.

The text is from the 1614 Low German Bible, written in the distinctive language of the region, known as Low German, Low Saxon, or Plattdeutsch.
          Polish Eagle        

See t-shirts with this design.

A white eagle is the symbol of Poland because the nation's legendary founder Lech saw a white eagle in a nest bathed in the light of the sun and chose to settle and make a home for himself on that spot. He named the place Gniezdno from the Polish word gniazdo meaning nest.

The white eagle was first used on the Polish coat of arms during the thirteenth century. During the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the eagle was quartered with the Lithuanian coat of arms. Under communist rule, the white eagle remained as the coat of arms, but the crown was removed. After the fall of the Communist government in 1989, the crown was restored.

The red shield in this design is made up of words from a poem by the famous Polish poet Adam Mickiewicz
          Montreal's Festival du nouveau cinéma Reveals Its Line-Up        
Today, Montreal's Festival du nouveau cinéma (FNC), which will take place between October 12 to 23. Here's the complete line-up of feature films according to the press release we received.

Opening and closing

The 40th edition of the FNC kicks off on Wednesday, October 12, with Declaration of War by Valérie Donzelli (France) at Cinéma Impérial (Centre Sandra & Leo Kolber, Salle Lucie & André Chagnon). This critically-acclaimed second feature by Valérie Donzelli (The Queen of Hearts) tells the love story of Roméo and Juliette who are battling to save their sick child. The director and her producer Edouard Weil will be in attendance.

Ten days later, on Saturday, October 22, Monsieur Lazhar (Quebec/Canada) by Philippe Falardeau will close the Festival. Selected to represent Canada at the Oscars for Best Foreign Language Film, Monsieur Lahzar shows the efforts of an Algerian schoolteacher to help his Grade 6 students come to terms with their teacher’s death. Between the opening and closing dates, the FNC will be in celebratory mode, highlighting the social relevance of featured works.

International Selection: Louve d’Or presented by Quebecor

The International Selection is an opportunity for relative unknowns to make their mark. This year, there are 19 contenders for the Louve d’Or, which includes a $15,000 prize from Quebecor. The 19 films in competition are: Behold the Lamb, by John McIlduff (United Kingdom); Black Blood, by Miaoyan Zhang (China); Blue Bird, by Gust Van Den Berghe (France/Belgium); Elena, by Andrey Zvyagintsev (Russia); The Giants, by Bouli Lanners (France/Belgium/Luxemburg); The Island, by Kamen Kalev (Bulgaria/Sweden); The Last Christeros, by Matias Meyer (Mexico/Netherlands); Nuit #1, by Anne Émond (Quebec/Canada); OK, Enough, Goodbye, by Rania Attieh & Daniel Garcia (Lebanon/United Arab Emirates); Oslo, August 31st, by Joachim Trier (Norway); Play, by Ruban Östlund (Sweden/France/Denmark); Shame, by Steve McQueen (United Kingdom); Toll Booth, by Tolga Karacelik (Turkey); Tomboy, by Céline Sciamma (France); Twilight Portrait, by Angelina Nikonova (Russia); Volcano, by Runar Runarsson (Iceland/Denmark); Wasted Youth, by Argyris Papadimitropoulos (Greece); White White World, by Oleg Novkovic (Serbia); and Without, by Mark Jackson (United States).

Special Presentation

Twenty-five films by established filmmakers will be screened in this year’s Special Presentation section, which features strong, committed works that reflect their creators’ bold vision: 30 tableaux, by Paule Baillargeon (Quebec/Canada); Les Amants, by Nicolas Klotz & Elisabeth Perceval (France); An Organisation of Dreams – Part 2 – Dangerous People, by Ken McMullen (United Kingdom); L’Apollonide (Souvenirs de la maison close), and De la guerre, Bertrand Bonello (France); Stopped on Track, Andrea Dresen (Germany); Norwegian Wood, Tran Anh Hung (Japan); Early One Morning, Jean-Marc Moutout (France/Belgium); Décharge, Benoît Pilon (Quebec/Canada); Faust, Alexander Sokurov (Russia); Almayer’s Folly, Chantal Akerman (France/Belgium); U2-From the Sky Down, Davis Guggenheim (United States); Hanezu, Naomi Kawaze (Japan); Hard Core Logo II, Bruce McDonald (Canada); Outside Satan, Bruno Dumont (France); Il se peut que la beauté ait renforcé notre résolution – Masao Adachi, Philippe Grandieux (France); Louis Martin, journaliste, Louis Bélanger (Quebec/Canada); Melancholia, Lars Von Trier (Denmark/Sweden/France/Germany); My Paris Movie, Jonas Mekas (United States); Once Upon a Time in Anatolia, Nuri Bilge Ceylan (Turkey); The Skin I Live In, Pedro Almodóvar (Spain); Pina, Wim Wenders (Germany/France); Take This Waltz, Sarah Polley (Canada); The Turin Horse, Béla Tarr (Hungary); and A Separation, Asghar Farhadi (Iran).

International Panorama

Festivalgoers can tour the world, exploring countless new realities through a wide array of works, including comedies, documentaries, road movies and dramas. The 27 films in this year’s International Panorama section are: Abderrahmane Sissako: Une fenêtre sur le monde, by Charles Castella (France); Absolutely Tame Is a Horse (Asb Heyvan-e Najibist), by Abdolreza Kahani (Iran); Acorazado, by Alvaro Curiel de Icaza (Mexico); Avé, by Konstantin Bojanov (Bulgaria); Chico & Rita, by Javier Mariscal & Fernando Trueba (Spain); Cultures of Resistance, by Iara Lee (United States); Do Me Love, by Jacky Katu & Lou Viger (France); End of the Night, by Daisuke Miyazaki (Japan); Flying Home, by Tobias Wyss (Switzerland); Pio’s Generation (La Generación de Pio), by Juan Rodrigo & Pedro Rodrigo (Spain); Goodnight Nobody, by Jacqueline Zünd (Switzerland/Germany); The Furious Force of Rhymes, by Joshua Atesh Litle (France); Land of Oblivion, by Michale Boganim (France/Germany/Poland/Ukraine); Last Road to the Beach (A Última estrada da praia), by Fabiano De Souza (Brazil); Melting Away, by Doron Eran (Israel/Canada); Mike, by Lars Blumers (France); Mondo Lux – The Visual Worlds of Werner Schroeter, by Elfi Mikesch (Germany); Our Ancestors The Gauls, by Christian Zerbib (France); Policeman (Hashoter), by Nadav Lapid (Israel); The First Rasta, by Hélène Lee (France); Searching for Hassan, by Edouard Beau (France); The Terrorists (Poo Kor Karn Rai), by Thunska Pansittivorakul (Thailand/Germany); Three and a Half (Seh-O-Nim), by Naghi Nemati (Iran); A Life for Ballet, by Marlène Ionesco (France); The Life and Death of Celso Junior, by Panayotis Evangelidis (Greece); Vinyl (Tales from the Vienna Underground), by Andrew C. Standen-Razlrish (Austria/United Kingdom) and Y’a pire ailleurs, by Jean-Henri Meunier (France).


Turning the spotlight on homegrown talent, the Focus section presents original, unseen Quebec and Canadian works that wow, amaze and offer food for thought. This year’s lineup includes 9 films in competition for the Grand Prix Focus/Cinémathèque québécoise with a $5,000 prize, as well as 10 non-competing films. Opening the section on October 13 is the visually ambitious documentary Surviving Progress, by Mathieu Roy and Harold Crooks (Canada). Also in competition: Amy George, by Yonah Lewis & Calvin Thomas (Canada); The Girl in the White Coat, by Darrell Wasyk (Canada); Fortunate Son, by Tony Asimakopoulos (Quebec/Canada); I am a good person/I am a bad person, by Ingrid Veninger (Canada); Laurentie, by Simon Lavoie & Mathieu Denis (Quebec/Canada); Marginal Road, by Yassaman Ameri (Quebec/Canada/Portugal); Peace Park, by David Bouthillier (Quebec/Canada); and Romeo Eleven, by Ivan Grbovic (Quebec/Canada). The non-competing films are: Alejandro Jodorowsky, grand rectum de l’Université de Foulosophie, by François Gourd & Matthieu Bouchard (Quebec/Canada); Another Silence, by Santiago Amigorena (Quebec/Canada/France/Argentina); National Parks Project, by Louise Archambault, Keith Behrman, Daniel Cockburn, Hubert Davis, Sturla Gunnarsson, Zacharias Kunuk, Stéphane Lafleur, Peter Lynch, Catherine Martin, Kevin McMahon, Scott Smith, Jamie Travis and John Walker (Quebec/Canada); Le Pays des âmes, by Olivier Godin (Quebec/Canada); Planet Yoga, by Carlos Ferrand (Quebec/Canada); Dust. A Sculptor’s Journey, by Jeanne Pope (Quebec/Canada); Rasta, A Soul’s Journey, by Donisha Prendergast (Canada); République: un abécédaire populaire, by Hugo Latulippe (Quebec/Canada); Les Tickets: l’arme de la répression, by Eric “Roach” Denis (Quebec/Canada); and Touch the Sky, by Adrian Wills (Quebec/Canada).

Temps Ø

The section opens with the North American premiere of Guilty of Romance by Sion Sono (Japan), a story of ordinary mental illness in the form of a psychosexual, neofeminist punk thriller, with powerful lead actress Megumi Kagurazaka in attendance. Other big names on the program: Takahi Miike with Hara-Kiri: Death of a Samurai (a 3D remake of Kobayashi’s masterpiece); Shinya Tsukamoto, who will present the much-anticipated Kotoko, about a mother on the brink of madness, which nabbed the Orizzonti prize at the last Venice festival. Must-see new discoveries include Our Day Will Come by Romain Gavras, a Thelma and Louise for redheads and a cross between Gaspar Noé and Bertrand Blier, starring Vincent Cassel. It’s no secret that Australian film is in a state of effervescence, represented here by two major works: the mysterious Sleeping Beauty by Julia Leigh, with rising star Emily Browning, and Justin Kruzel’s monstrous Snowtown, which got a special mention at the 2011 Cannes Critics’ Week. And . . . (drum roll), don’t miss the long-awaited world premiere of Assassin’s Creed Embers, an all-new animated short by Ubisoft studios. Expect an evening of surprises, anecdotes and of course sneak previews of the new game by the Montreal mega franchise. On the US front, look for the astonishing The Ballad of Genesis and Lady Jaye, a beautiful love story told through one of the most radical artistic performances the world has ever seen. Director Marie Losier, the darling of New York’s experimental new cinema scene, will be in attendance. We’ll also be showing Take Shelter, by Jeff Nichols, which won the Critics’ Week Grand Prix at Cannes and has everybody talking, as well as the documentary Last Fast Ride: The Love, Life and Death of a Punk Goddess, by Lilly Ayers, on punk icon Marian Anderson (with narration by Henry Rollins). Asia will also be in the spotlight with Gandu, by Quashiq Mukherjee, a proud representative of an all-new style of Indian films (Wong Kar-wai meets a pornographic ghetto rapper version of Gaspard Noé in Calcutta). Also showing will be Shirome, by Koji Shiraishi, a horror film that takes delight in terrifying a group of young female Japanese pop stars, offering a new twist on The Blair Witch Project. Finally, the latest wacky flick from Thailand — Saturday Killer, by Yuthlert Sippapak, about a hit man with severe erectile dysfunction — along with the superb Tatsumi, Eric Khoo’s tribute to renowned manga artist Yoshihiro Tatsumi. And, last but not least, the first real 3D porn flick, Sex and Zen: Extreme Ecstasy, by Christopher Sun Lap Key, which smashed this year’s box office records in Hong Kong and has become a true Chinese cultural phenomenon.

           The effect of pH and phosphate on calcium carbonate polymorphs precipitated from aqueous solution at 0oC         
Conference -Poster Hu, Y. , Nehrke, G. , Wolthers, M. , Dieckmann, G. and Wolf-Gladrow, D. (2013) The effect of pH and phosphate on calcium carbonate polymorphs precipitated from aqueous solution at 0oC , 17th International Conference on Crystal Growth and Epitaxy, Warsaw, Poland, Warsaw, Poland, 11 August 2013 - 16 August 2013 . hdl:10013/epic.43615
          Cardiff Airport        
First post of the new year ... and this year I'll try to post more, but for a start, this from Wales On Line (sometimes Wales' answer to the Daily Mail - at least in terms of sensationalism)...

15 safest holiday destinations for 2017 and flight prices from Cardiff

All well and good, apart from the obvious sensationalism placing Belgium, Spain in almost the same category as Iraq and Syria...and on a personal note missing the World's safest country - Finland - from the mix.

What actually struck me about this article was the HUGE price disparity between flying from Cardiff than some other regional airports. This can be attributed to a number of things, mainly classic bad management over the years (this seems to have changed a little since the Welsh Government took over), but Cardiff has suffered from a management that has been quite content not to develop the airport.

This can be seen in the prices charged and the number of airlines coming to Cardiff, for example, flights to Iceland from the above article: Flights from Cardiff start from around £223, but can be picked up for less than £70 from London or Manchester. The price differential here covers travel from South Wales to London by practically anything other than a private limousine.

How about Poland? Great country and just a mere £142 from Cardiff, but only £20 from Newcastle or Birmingham. Malta? With a change of flight at £183 from Cardiff, or, less than £30 from those international heavyweights of airprots: Bournemouth, Glasgow and Nottingham...

Shopping around of course you might get better deals and Wales On Line probably isn't the best place to get your flight information in this respect. However the situation remains that Cardiff is expensive, especially with scheduled flights more or less limited to FlyBe and KLM and no cheap operators available: Norwegian HINT!!!

For Cardiff Airport to succeed a few things need to happen. Firstly the management of the airport need to get airlines and thus people to the airport - lower fees and even make a loss in certain areas but a profit overall. Control over airport taxes by the Welsh Government is critical and then finally a little more self promotion around the World, or at least Europe - maybe even China - I'm sure that even Wales could market itself from both a tourist and business perspective to the Chinese...

The situation gets even more surreal when you consider that the Cardiff region is supposed to be one of the fastest growing in the UK, yet Wales relies upon Heathrow and Bristol instead of a perfectly functional airport right next to its own capital city. Northern Ireland manages to support two airports - one of which  actually handles a reasonable amount of intercontinental flights, Scotland has five airports (Aberdeen, Inverness, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Prestwick) with Newcastle not too far from the border. Even some of the regional English airports such as Bournemouth and Exeter look better than Cardiff.

What Cardiff Airport needs is a management who have a vision and the confidence to attempt to make things better, get more business, get more tourists etc. In some ways Cardiff Airport still suffers from the problem that the Welsh Tourist Authority (or whatever they were called) had in that for them to do anything they had to ask the English Tourist Authority permission ... it still feels the same way.

In post-Brexit UK, the devolved countries of the UK, especially Wales, can not afford to sit back and hope for business. Cardiff Airport has a lot going for it with a major maintenance base for BA and another in St.Athan next door, GE Engines in Caerffili, a rail link (just about) and a runway that can handle 747s and A380s*, it just lacks any form of confidence.

*Not that you're going to see either regularly in passenger duty - unfortunately.

          St. Patrick's Day Surprise!        
It actually started this morning.  You see, not everyone knows this, but if you leave your shoes outside on the eve of St. Patrick's day, the next morning you will find gold in them!

You have to be very careful to find a GOOD hiding spot.  Leprechauns are extremely crafty and they don't "really" give their gold away.  When you least expect it, if it's not hidden well, they will steal it back and replace it with rocks!  Madeline's did ultimately get snatched by the leprechauns today.  Tara is with her cousins today enjoying a sleep over, so I'm not sure if hers were switched or not.  Poor Madeline had to go to the Dr. with me today to discover that she is contagious with Strep throat and couldn't go with Tara.  Well, on the way home from the Dr., Madeline got the most wonderful "lucky" surprise!!  When I went in to pay for my gas, we got a very rare dollar bill.

It is a dollar bill that is to be tracked! 

So when we got home, we went to the website to see what we could find out about this particular "George".

By typing in the serial number, we learned is that our dollar originally started it's journey in Rochester New York.  It has traveled 301 miles in 1 year, 163 days, 16 hours, 9 mins. at an average of .57 miles per day.  It is now 301 miles from it's starting location!  The site asked us to journal where it was found and in what condition it was.  We had the option to give our email so we can be sent updates whenever it is tracked on the website, which we did.  When we got the bill, the yellow "1's" were colored on each side.  Madeline decided to color the "pink" 1's that you can see in the above photos.  We are so excited to be the first one's to log him!  It took a long time for this bill to get any action, so be sure to look closely at your currency before you use it.  You may just get lucky like us one day!!

Happy St. Patrick's Day to all!  

I have a ton of Irish blood running through my veins, so this is always a fun holiday to celebrate!

May you have:
A world of wishes at your command.
God and his angels close to hand.
Friends and family their love impart,
and Irish blessings in your heart!

I also wanted to take the time to thank EVERYONE who left such wonderful comments for Tara on my previous post.  She, Madeline and I so enjoyed reading them all.  It was so cool how most everyone told us where they were from!  Tara was so excited to get words of encouragement, and congratulations from Hawaii, Poland, Scotland and everything in between!  Thank you so much for that.

          Barnhardt: Banned In Boston - Transcribed        

Kudos to Vanderleun for posting this:

Hello, my name is Ann Barnhardt and I am the person who says the things that everyone else is too terrified to say.

This is the speech that I was going to deliver in Boston today, May 15, 2011, had a facility been available to me. Unfortunately, no facilities were willing to host my speech, sponsored by Rabbi Jon Hausmann, because I was deemed to be “hateful”, “bigoted” and “potentially violent”. 

Well, we’ll see about that.

In this speech we are going to cover a lot of intellectual and theological ground. I tend to set my goals extremely high, and this speech is no exception. 

I hope to fully explain the relationship between Christians and Jews in today’s world, and show that we, and really all people of civilization and good will, are allied in a war of survival against satanic evil, manifested today by islam and Marxism.

I am also going to show how our fundamental human rights as codified in the Constitution of the United States flow directly out of the Judeo-Christian milieu and the bible.

I will then contrast this to the Marxist-islamist paradigm, and show that Marxism and islam are actually cut from exactly the same philosophical cloth.

Finally, I will discuss my personal three-point tactical plan that I will carry out should the proverbial “poop” hit the proverbial fan. My three-point plan serves not only as a system of engagement, but it simultaneously rebuts any and all accusations of “intolerance”, “bigotry” and “hatefulness”. 

AND I aim to do all of this in less than 30 minutes. Like I said, I’m a very high goal-setter.

The first concept we need to tackle is that of the relationship between Judaism and Christianity. There is a tremendous amount of confusion, ambiguity and bigotry flowing in both directions. There are plenty of anti-Semitic Christians who think that the Jews are the accursed killers of Christ. There are also plenty of Jews who think that Christianity despises them as a point of intrinsic doctrine. Both are completely wrong, and it is high time that someone stepped up and explained the relationship clearly and without mincing any words.

The fact of the matter is this: you show me an anti-semitic Christian, and I’ll show you a Christian who is completely and totally clueless about his faith. Sadly, in this day and age, most Christians are exactly that – CLUELESS. And that goes for everyone, Catholic, Protestant, non-denominational, all of them. If we look at the Church from an intellectual standpoint, it has already been reduced down to just a mere remnant. There are so many heresies active today that it would take a lifetime to define them all individually, so I have named them corporately. What the Church suffers from today is the Heresy of Stupidity.

Now everyone listen up, Jew, Christian, atheist – everyone.

The foundational premise of the Jewish people and of Israel is that Israel is the representative proxy for humanity. This is why the Jews are called “the chosen people”, because they are. God chose Israel to stand in representation of all people everywhere. This is an honor, but it is a taxing and dubious honor due to the Fall of Adam and Eve and the inherent tendency that all people have for sin, which is called concupiscence.

God chose Israel to stand at the fore of humanity and be the people with whom the historical narrative of Salvation History is played out. This began with a married couple, Adam and Eve, and then expanded to a family unit through Noah, then the expansion moved to the tribal level through Abraham, the national level through Moses, then to the level of a kingdom through David, and finally in the fullness of time the expansion moved beyond Israel to cover all people everywhere through Jesus Christ. BUT, the only way to fully understand God’s relationship with us as individuals is to understand God’s interaction with Israel through history.

We see in the Old Testament a continuous pattern of Israel falling away from God in sin, and God taking Israel back, many times after a required chastisement to make Israel fully appreciate the gravity of its sin. God says to Israel over and over again that He will NEVER, EVER forsake His covenant. God uses the imagery of marriage to make Israel understand that the relationship between God and Israel is not a mere legalistic contract – it is a covenant sealed in flesh. The covenant cannot be broken. It can be abused by one of the partners, but it can never be broken.

God does not walk out. God does not “get divorced”. He always has been and always will be ready and willing to take us back, forgive our indiscretions and betrayals, if we will only turn back to Him. He did it after the unfortunate incident with the golden calf at the foot of Mt. Sinai. He did it after the numerous phases in which Israel had bad kings and fell into idolatry and immorality. He did it with King David after David’s sins of the flesh.

The exuberant joy of the “honeymoon” period after Israel’s return to God was put into words by Solomon in the Song of Songs. The image of the rocky trials of the marriage relationship was put into writing by the prophet Hosea.

Every macro image of Israel presented in the Bible maps perfectly to the micro context of the individual. Every sin committed by Israel corporately is a sin I have personally committed as an individual. The worshiping of idols, the failure to trust in God’s provision, the hypocrisy, the sins of the flesh – all of them. Every single one. They all map precisely to me as an individual. And to each and every human being.

And now we move into the New Testament. There are many verses in which Jesus soundly and harshly rebukes the Jews and the Pharisees. Knowing now as we do that Israel is standing in our personal stead as the proxy representatives of humanity as a whole and as us as individuals, we need to read these words of Christ as chastisements and critiques of us individually and personally, not as a critique or condemnation of a third party.

When Christ says, “Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, you hypocrites . . .” He is speaking directly to me. “Woe to you, Ann, you hypocrite.” When Christ says, “You are like whitewashed tombs which appear beautiful on the outside but inside are full of dead men’s bones and every kind of filth” He is speaking directly to me. I am the serpent. I am the brood of vipers. I am the liar. And if I may be so bold, so is every one of you.

The more a person thinks that Jesus is speaking not to them but only to the Jews, and then considers themselves able to sit in seething hatred of the Jews, the further from Christ they actually are. These people who read Jesus’ words as exclusive to Jews aren’t in the right ballpark, they aren’t even in the right galactic cluster. This is the Heresy of Stupidity in full bloom.

Now to ten of the most beautiful words in the New Testament. Every Jew watching this has heard these words, and probably has shuddered every time they heard them. These ten words have been twisted by stupid, ignorant people to justify horrific acts of evil against Jews for 1978 years. And many of these people have claimed to be pious Christians. Well, we’re going to fix this deal once and for all. The ten beautiful words are: “Let His Blood be upon us and upon our children.”

These are the ten words shouted by the Jewish crowd to Pontius Pilate as he was sentencing Jesus. I repeat these words internally at every Mass, because these are the words that give hope to humanity. These are the words that open the gates of heaven. These words are the means by which our salvation is accomplished.

At every Mass, the temporally transcendent sacrifice of Calvary which is the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ Himself, re-presented to God the Father by the power of God the Holy Ghost. This is accomplished through the transubstantiation of Bread and Wine as prefigured by the priest and King Melchizedek in Genesis 14. This sacrifice is the Todah sacrifice of Israel, which is the only sacrifice to be offered in the post-messianic age and for all eternity, according to ancient Rabbinic teaching. The Todah sacrifice is the sacrifice of Thanksgiving. The word “Thanksgiving” in Greek is Eucharist. The Divine Surprise to Israel and the world is that GOD provided and provides HIMSELF IN THE FLESH as the final, worthy and fully efficacious Todah sacrifice.

There is a saint called St. Gaspar del Bufalo who was an Italian priest who had mystical visions during his life. In one of St. Gaspar’s visions during a Mass, he saw angels approach the altar after the consecration of the wine into the Precious Blood. The angels took branches of hyssop and dipped them in the chalice. The angels then turned and proceeded to sprinkle the people with the Blood of Jesus, exactly the way that Aaron and all of the Levitical priests sprinkled the people of Israel with the blood of the animal sacrifices of the Old Covenant. We are literally being showered and cleansed with the Precious Blood of Jesus.

Let His Blood be upon us and upon our children.

I believe this is happening at every Mass in a dimension that we are not, at this time, able to physically see. And so TO the Jews who stood in Pilate’s courtyard as my representative, and as the representatives of all humanity, and called the Precious Blood of Jesus down upon humanity, all I can say is THANK YOU. God heard the deep, groaning cry of Israel, and answered it, even though Israel didn’t understand it themselves. And again, isn’t this exactly what I do as an individual? I lash out at God in groans of anger and despair and misunderstanding, and He hears me, and answers by transforming my anger and despair and misunderstanding into grace, through His Mercy.

In the last month and a half since I burned my Koran on YouTube, I have received a significant amount of anti-semitic email and comments left on my YouTube Channel. They are all fairly similar, but I did reply to one in particular. The man started out by complimenting my burning of the Koran and then asked, “When are you going to go after the Christkillers?” And then proceeded to launch into a typical anti-semitic diatribe, concluding that if I didn’t share in his anti-semitism, that I wasn’t really a Christian. I responded thusly:

“Sir, you are deeply confused. I killed Jesus. The Jews are merely the historical proxy for me.”

That shut him up. And I would invite all of the Jews the world over to feel free to use my reply if ever accused of being “Christkillers”. Please reply by saying, “No, Ann Barnhardt killed Christ.” 

Because that is the truth. I betray Him, and like Judas, I do it with a kiss.

It is ME who is whipping Him with the flagellum at the pillar. It is ME who spits on Him and laughs at Him as He carries the Cross that should be mine. It is ME who nails Him to the Cross. And it is ME who callously walks away leaving Him to die in my stead. And I do it every damn day. And yet He stays. You would think that He would eventually get to the point where He would simply say, “This is too much. I can’t do this anymore. I’m sorry it didn’t work out between us, but I think it is better that we just go our separate ways.” But no. He’s not going anywhere because it is the same with me as it is with Israel. We are in a covenant, and He will not forsake that covenant. Ever. No matter how much I deserve it. He chose to enter into it, and I am free to choose whether or not I respond to that covenant or not – just like Israel was free to drift in and out of His Grace over the centuries.

Now that we understand that Israel is the proxy for all of humanity, both on a macro scale, and on a micro, individual scale, we can now turn to the question of proper systems of human governance as revealed to Israel and recorded in scripture.

We need to start in Exodus chapter 18. Israel has just escaped Egypt and is traversing the desert toward Mt. Sanai. Moses is visited by his father-in-law, Jethro. Yes, the Jethro on the Beverly Hillbillies is named after Moses’ wifes’ father. And for very good reason, because Jethro was blessed by God with wisdom that would affect all of humanity. When Jethro arrived, Moses was sitting at the head of a huge line of people. One by one, each party would approach Moses and tell him of some sort of problem or disagreement between them that needed judgment, and one by one, Moses would judge these issues and claims. And this would go on for days, because there were hundreds of thousands of people in Israel, even at this time. Moses was judging them and governing them all alone.

When Jethro saw this he told Moses that it was “not good”. Jethro then, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, explained to Moses the concept of governmental subsidiarity. Jethro laid out a system whereby the people were encouraged to govern themselves in a tiered representative structure. The first tier removed from the individuals themselves was in groups of ten families. This would be the analogue of a neighborhood. The next representative tier was in goups of fifty. This would be analogue to a city or county commission. The next tier was in groups of one hundred. This would be the analog of a state legislature. The next tier would be in groups of one thousand. This would be the analogue of a national legislature. Finally came Moses himself, with Aaron at his right hand and Joshua at his left hand. This would be the equivalent of a Chief Executive with a cabinet.

Yes, our current system of representative republic governance in the United States was modeled after the Jethrine system in scripture. The big difference between The Jethrine system and our system is that in the Jethrine system, Moses personally appointed all of the representatives based upon their Godliness and good character. In our system, representatives and the Chief Executive, or President, are elected. However, the over-arching concept here is the concept of SUBSIDIARITY.

Subsidiarity is defined as the idea that a central authority should only perform those tasks which can not be performed effectively at a more immediate or local level. In other words, the most power resides with the sovereign individual, and as layers of government move away from the individual, the power structure necessarily dilutes, being tasked with those objectives that only they are capable of performing.

In the case of our federal government, those tasks would include such things as coordinating national defense, negotiating and entering international treaties and trade agreements, and perhaps most importantly, ensuring that the Rule of Law as defined in the Constitution is preserved, protected and defended throughout the chain of subsidiarity all the way back to the individual.

This concept of subsidiarity was first formally defined and codified by – GUESS WHO – the Catholic Church, although the concept existed and was understood and practiced in various ways all the way back to Jethro and Moses at the foot of Mt. Sinai. The Catholic Church has always understood subsidiarity through the life and actions of Christ Himself. Jesus Christ, the King of Kings, manifested His Kingship by submitting Himself totally and completely to his subjects, to the point of willingly dying for them, and thus doing for them the one thing that they could never do for themselves, which is make perfect atonement for their sins.

Subsidiarity is not exclusive to democracy, representative republic or parliamentary republics. Subsidiarity can be executed in many systems of governance, including hereditary monarchies. This is why Christ did not call out a specific form of governance, because He knew that many forms of governance are feasible, so long as subsidiarity is observed. History has shown us that a Godly man can reign as a king, living as a humble servant to his people. In the Old Testament Good Kings included Asa, Hezekiah and Josiah. In modern times, King St. Louis the ninth of France, King St. Stephen the first of Hungary, and King St. Casmir of Poland are examples of Godly monarchs who ruled in a spirit of subsidiarity.

As a corollary, democratic or representative republic systems do not guarantee subsidiarity, and if infiltrated and usurped by Godless, power-hungry, money-grubbing moral degerates like Barack Obama, Nancy Pelosi, Harry Reid, Hillary Clinton, Charles Schumer, Lindsey Graham, John McCain and all the rest, those systems will lead to totalitarianism and ultimate collapse.

That is what we are seeing happen right now. This is also why the so-called “Arab Spring” is no such thing. The totalitarianism of the Islamic political system, elevated to power, though it may be, by democracy, is still totalitarianism. So long as islam is the driving force behind ANY form of government, that government is satanic by definition, and by definition will destroy the people within it. Don’t kid yourself. The Arab Spring is the Arab Winter, because that is all it can ever be.

The Catholic Church, and many Protestant sects as well, today have been infiltrated and infested by Marxists. There is still a remnant remaining, but please understand that the infiltration and rot is DEEP. Any Catholic, from a lay person all the way up to an Archbishop or Cardinal, who proclaims Marxism, and ratifies the concentration of power in the state to redistribute wealth by force, or to elevate the importance of the collective above the dignity of the individual is a DIRTY SATANIC LIAR. Period. End of story.

And that goes not just for Catholics but any Christian or Jew, because the concept of subsidiarity was revealed at the foot of Mt. Sinai, recorded in the Torah, and demonstrated par excellence by Christ crucified on Calvary.

The argument that Christ’s call to love and serve the poor is to be achieved by dehumanizing the individual and installing a totalitarian state is satanic, serpentine manipulation. You filthy Marxist scum have been twisting and perverting the Gospel into this satanic filth for decades, and you know what? I’m ending it. Right here and right now.

You CAN NOT BE both a Christian or an observant Jew and a Marxist.

Specifically to Christians now: you cannot advocate a satanic system of governance whilst claiming to be preaching the Gospel of Christ. Nope. You have to pick. It’s either Marxism or Christ.

And so to Jeremiah Wright, Jesse Jackson, Al Sharpton, the majority of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, the majority of the Jesuit order, the majority of the United Methodist church, the majority of the Presbyterian Church USA, the majority of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, the majority of the Episcopalian Church (what little is left), and of course, the ironically named Disciples of Christ and United Church of Christ, and all of the others, CHOOSE. 


It is either Christ or Marx. If you choose Christ – great. Praise the Lord. If you choose Marx – in even the smallest way – and we all know that you will, pack your bags and get out. And we’ll be praying for you and for your conversion and return to the fold as authentic Christians. But your days of squatting in the Church are OVER.

Finally, I would like to lay out my three-point tactical plan should the Marxist-islamic poop hit the proverbial fan, which I am afraid is all but inevitable at this point.

In this portion, I would like to focus once again especially on the Jews in the audience. So far, we have established how Israel has been the proxy for humanity throughout Salvation History. Understanding that as we do, we can now see that to hate Israel is to hate humanity itself.

All we need do to confirm this is look at where the locus of anti-Semitism exists in today’s world. There are two main loci today: Marxism and islam. Both of these political systems have at their core an intrinsic hatred of the individual man. Both mask this seething hatred by wrapping themselves in a false cloak of collectivism, manifested in the call for Marxist class warfare and jihad. Both systems use the Jews as their primary scapegoat and whipping boy, blaming all problems in the world on Jews, and then calling for the “final solution” to the stumbling block to utopia that is the Jewish race.

From the Koran to Mein Kampf, the rhetoric is exactly the same: exterminate the Jews so that utopia can be achieved. But what this is at its core is a call to exterminate humanity itself, which is the ultimate goal of both Marxism and islam. If the Jews are exterminated, the rest of humanity will follow quickly, because if the Jews are exterminated, that means that there are no longer any people of good will on earth who could see and understand the representative quality of humanity itself in Israel. No one would be left to take up the banner of Christ and the Church Militant to march against the forces of evil in defense of not just Israel, but of all human life on earth. It is essential to approach, understand and see this coming war with the forces of evil through that lens.

I recently saw a video of an Islamic execution taped in the Middle East. In it, the three condemned men were bound hand and foot, standing beside an incinerator, or furnace. The men were doused with an accelerant, presumably gasoline, and then thrown alive into the incinerator, where they could be seen writhing in flames as they died in the furnace. These men were not Jews, but that is beside the point. They were human beings who ran afoul of Sharia Law.

This is what is coming. This, and executions like this, are the inevitable destination of both islam and Marxism. Hitler had his ovens. Stalin had his gulags. Mao had his execution quotas. The Khmer Rouge had their killing fields.

And so here is what I say to all people of good will, but specifically today to the Jews. If a second holocaust begins and you find yourself standing bound on the precipice of an incinerator – I’m coming.

My first tactical objective will be to come in, guns-a-blazing, and rescue you and we’ll both get out of there, and hopefully take a bunch of evil men out in the process. That is objective number one.

If that doesn’t work and I am unable to free you by force of arms, I will negotiate with the evil executioners to switch places with you. I will offer to be executed in your place, so long as you are freed. That is tactical objective number two.

If that doesn’t work, then I am going to stay and die with you.

There is no possible way that I am going to turn my back on you as you stand on the precipice of the incinerator, walk away and let you die alone and afraid and then congratulate myself on my ability to “handle and survive the situation”. No. I am going to stand beside you, I am going to throw my arms around you, and I am going hold you and tell you that I love you. I am going to make certain that the last sounds you hear ringing in your ears on this earth are the sounds of a friend telling you that you are loved, and that you are precious, and that you are not, never have been, and never will be alone. And then we will go into the incinerator together. Because I can’t think of a better way to die – with the words “I love you” on my lips. THAT is tactical objective number three.

One final question. Do you honestly believe that Barack Obama or Nancy Pelosi or Harry Reid or John Kerry or any of the Hollywood people, or Michael Moore or Keith Olbermann or Joy Behar or any of the people who would call me a venomous hate-spewing bigot would stay and die with you if it came down to that? Of course they wouldn’t and we all know this. But I am the hate monger. I’m the bigot. I am the danger to society.

Ladies and gentlemen, Western Civilization has officially jumped the shark. The words, “I love you”, delivered in sincere Christian charity are now a hate crime that warrants the suppression of free speech.

Thank you for your time.

My name is Ann Barnhardt . . . . and I love you.

          6 Jembatan Paling Romantis di Dunia        
Tahukah Anda bahwa di dunia ini ada berbagai jembatan cinta di dunia? Jembatan-jembatan ini bukan hanya dilewati dan disukai oleh banyak pasangan yang sedang kasmaran, namun bisa menjadi saksi bisu kisah cinta dua hati yang terikat.
Penasaran kan dengan bentuk dari Terowongan Cinta Ini? Mari kita simak ulasannya berikut ini.

1. Strong Russian Commitment - Tallin, Estonia
Sebuah jembatan yang nampak biasa, namun terkenal punya sejarah unik, ada di Estonia. Jembatan ini kelihatan biasa, namun bila melihat pinggirannya, akan membuat kita bertanya-tanya. Rupanya ada sebuah tradisi unik di Estonia.

Bagi pasangan di sana yang menikah, para pengantin harus membeli gembok dan menuliskan nama mereka di atasnya. Kemudian gembok itu akan dikunci di pinggiran jembatan dan kuncinya dibuang ke aliran sungai. Dengan demikian, kisah cinta mereka akan terikat selamanya.

2. Unbreakable Bonds - Florence, Italia
Jembatan lain yang tak kalah romantis terletak di Italia. Jembatan ini memang memberikan pemandangan indah bagi pasangan yang melewati jembatan itu. Dan di tempat itulah banyak pasangan mengikat janji dan cinta mereka dengan gembok di pinggiran jembatan. Wah, bayangkan romantisnya mengikat tali kasih dengan pemandangan kolosal ala Italia yang romantis.

3. All Red, All Heart - Penglai, Shandong, China
Aiiih, lucunya hati-hati berwarna merah ini. Rupanya ini adalah gembok-gembok cinta yang dipasang di pinggiran jembatan cinta di Penglai. Bukan hanya penduduk lokal, namun juga turis. Menurut tradisi China, saat pasangan menikah, mereka akan memasang gembok di rantai jembatan dan membuang kuncinya ke sungai sebagai lambang keabadian cinta.

4. Jembatan Tumski di Wroclaw Polandia
Ini merupakan jembatan yang dibangun pada tahun 1889 untuk menghubungkan dua kota. Namun ternyata jembatan ini juga bisa menjadi tempat untuk menyambungkan dan mengunci dua hati yang bertaut. Bagi siapa saja yang melewatinya, akan merasa bahagia melihat gembok-gembok penuh makna lambang cinta sejati dan abadi bertengger di pinggirannya.

5. Yunagi no Hashi - Jepang
Jepang juga punya jembatan cinta yang mengabadikan momen romantis para pasangan. Ini adalah sebuah jembatan istimewa bernama Yunagi no Hasih yang terbentang 120 meter dan terbuat dari kayu.
Mitosnya, bila Anda dan pasangan memasang gembok di sana, maka cinta Anda akan berlangsung selamanya hingga happy ending. Banyak orang yang mempercayai itu dan mereka memasang gembok mereka sambil menikmati indahnya sunset terbesar dunia di sore hari.

6. Love In The Rhine - Cologne, Jerman
Anda akan melihat banyak sekali gembok warna-warni yang bertengger di jembatan kereta api Jerman ini. Memang terdapat sebuah mitos yang mengatakan bahwa bila Anda mengabadikan cinta Anda dengan pasangan dengan gembok di jembatan tersebut, maka Anda akan merasakan indahnya cinta abadi.

Sumber :

          Fantasy Cycling 2017 competition list        

Here's the UCI WT list for 2017: all these races should be in the 2017 game.

17-22 January Santos Tour Down Under (Australia)
29 January Cadel Evans Great Ocean Road Race (Australia)
6-10 February Tour of Qatar (Qatar)
23-26 February Abu Dhabi Tour (United Arab Emirates)
25 February Omloop Het Nieuwsblad (Belgium)
04 March Strade Bianche (Italy)
5-12 March Paris-Nice (France)
8-14 March Tirreno-Adriatico (Italy)
18 March Milano-Sanremo (Italy)
20-26 March Volta Ciclista a Catalunya (Spain)
22 March Dwars Door Vlaanderen / A travers la Flandre (Belgium)
24 March Record Bank E3 Harelbeke (Belgium)
26 March Gent-Wevelgem in Flanders Fields (Belgium)
02 April Ronde van Vlaanderen / Tour des Flandres (Belgium)
3-8 April Vuelta al País Vasco (Spain)
09 April Paris-Roubaix (France)
16 April Amstel Gold Race (Netherlands)
18-23 April Presidential Cycling Tour of Turkey (Turkey)
19 April La Flèche Wallonne (Belgium)
23 April Liège-Bastogne-Liège (Belgium)
25-30 April Tour de Romandie (Switzerland)
01 May Eschborn-Frankfurt « Rund um den Finanzplatz » (Germany)
6-28 May Giro d’Italia (Italy)
14-21 May Amgen Tour of California (United States)
4-11 June Critérium du Dauphiné (France)
10-18 June Tour de Suisse (Switzerland)
1-23 July Tour de France (France)
29 July Clásica Ciclista San Sebastian (Spain)
29 July-4 August Tour de Pologne (Poland)
30 July Prudential RideLondon-Surrey Classic (Great Britain)
7-13 August Eneco Tour (Benelux)
19 August-10 September Vuelta a España (Spain)
20 August Cyclassics Hamburg (Germany)
27 August Bretagne Classic – Ouest-France (France)
08 September Grand Prix Cycliste de Québec (Canada)
10 September Grand Prix Cycliste de Montréal (Canada)
30 September Il Lombardia (Italy)


Some of those didn't feature this year. but since one of the things I want to do is have a UCI WorldTour competition, they'll need to all be in

Others we've had in the game in the past include

  • Other Spring Classics, but for the UCI comp thing to work we would need them to be in a separate comp or run individually
  • Tour of Oman
  • Dubai Tour
  • Tour of Britain
  • Tour de Yorkshire
  • Giro del Trentino
  • Ruta del Sol
  • Volta ao Algarve
  • Criterium International
  • Tour de San Luis
  • World Champs
  • USA Pro Challenge
  • Tour of Beijing
  • Tour Mediterenéen

What should be in/out for 2017? Have your say!

          Poland Stg3 Score correction - Sorry        

I didn't want to say anything, because I don't want to give you more work, but...

It was Jungels, not Bonifazio who won the first INT on stage-3. And that's why Jungels has the Most Active award on the official website. So, I believe Jungels should get the 10 pts that Boni got for stage 3. I found two good sources for that: The ToP's own live Tweet, and Quickstep's post-stage report.

From Quickstep:
"Bob Jungels, who picked up three bonus seconds at the first intermediate sprint, only ten kilometers from the start"


The ToP's live Tweet:

"Tour de Pologne‏ @Tour_de_Pologne Jul 31

The 1st Lotto Sprint Prime

1. @BobJungels @quickstepteam

2. @LLEONSANCHEZ @AstanaTeam

3. @Mattibreschel @AstanaTeam"


Again, I'm really sorry, also because it doesn't affect my score, but other folks might care.


          3 Stars at Euro 2012: Where Are They Now?        
вик услугиSource: UEFA Euro 2020 via Facebook Last summer, Portugal shocked the world in the European Championship final as Eder, a relatively unknown quantity on the international stage, scored an injury-time winner to shock host nation France. If truth be told, it wasn’t a memorable tournament – it certainly wasn’t as exciting or entertaining as Euro 2012, held across both Ukraine and Poland. Spain were the dominant force in international football back then, having won both Euro 2008 and a first World Cup crown in 2010. Therefore, it wasn’t exactly […]
          Anti-discrimination values promoted among prison personnel in Poland, Greece and Hungary        
Throughout April and May 2016, members of the ‘NEVER AGAIN’ Association have provided anti-racism trainings to prison workers and volunteers working with inmates during special workshops in Poland, Greece, and Hungary. The trainings were organized in frames of the innovative educational project E.U.R.O.P.E. (European Union Rapprochement for Offenders and Pupils Education). Supported by the European Commission, the project aims to promote European and civic values among inmates, ex-convicts and socially marginalized youth in cooperation with officials and volunteers. The international project is managed by Collegium Civitas in Warsaw with the participation […]
          2002 World Cup team ratings        

An elimination tournament does not, by its nature, produce overall standings. You can construct a table by points, of course, but it will not take into account the differences in games played and opponents' strengths. I wanted, just for fun, to devise an objective (which doesn't mean meaningful) way to rate and rank the 32 teams in the World Cup. After several iterations, here's the scheme I came up with.

For each team I calculated a raw efficiency rating based on their points per game. At 3 points for a win, 1 for a tie and none for a loss, with 2 bonus points for making it to the elimination stage, I added up each team's points, divided by an expected point total of 4/3 * games-played (figuring an average result for three round-robin games would have been a win, a tie and a loss), and then added 1, anticipating later multiplication, so that the resulting ratings start at 1 instead of 0.

I then went back and used those ratings as a measure of opponent's strength, assigning each match for each team the product of the points gained (again 1-base (4/2/1) rather than 0-base (3/1/0)) and the opponent's raw rating. Add those values up and average them, and then add a 1-point bonus for making it to the elimination stage. This approach takes no account of goals for or against, and does not make any attempt at incorporating any information (like FIFA rankings) from outside the tournament. Nonetheless, it produces the following interesting set of adjusted ratings:

5South Korea7.45
19Costa Rica4.23
24South Africa3.78
31Saudi Arabia2.41

Since all that math was totally arbitrary, there is no reason to believe these numbers mean anything, but I'm surprised how well they seem to accord with my subjective intuition. And the table passes the obvious sanity checks: the top and bottom are right, South Korea is penalized a little bit for playing and losing an extra game, almost (but not quite) all the second-round teams come in ahead of the teams that were eliminated in the first, and France barely edges out the three teams that didn't gain any points.

So I'm going with it. As far as I'm concerned, the US is now temporarily the 7th best men's soccer nation on the planet.

           European heatwave causes severe thunderstorms         
Spain, Germany and Poland have all suffered thunderstorms on Thursday, another extreme following temperatures of around 40 degrees at the weekend.
          Scorpions - Live In Sopot Festival, Poland 2005 Концерт        

           Volkswagen clipped by high-speed train in Poland         
The motorist, 48, and three passengers came within inches of tragedy as the train clipped the back of their Volkswagen, in Koszalin, northern Poland.
          SMALL PEOPLE WITH HATS        

There are small people wearing hats in the society.

Graduation film from the Royal College of Art, 2014
Hand-drawn on paper

A film by Sarina Nihei

Sound design by Horret Kuus B6 STUDIOS


Grand Prize and Best Sound prize at Ottawa International Animation Film Festival 2015
Grand Prix of Primanima 2014, Budaörs, Hungary
Best Student Film at Anim'est 2014 in Bucharest, Romania
Korea Animation Producers Association President’s Prize at PISAF, Puchon, Korea
Special mention Anima 2015, Brussels
Grand Prix student film at HAFF 2015
Grand Prix of IdeasTap Graduate award Short Film
Special mention at Countryside Animafest Cyprus 2015


Anim'est 2014 Bucharest, Romania
PISAF 2014 Puchon, Korea
ReAnimania 2014 Yerevan, Armenia
Primanima 2014 Budaörs, Hungary
London International Animation Festival 2014
Greenhorn short film festival, London
IFF Etiuda&Anima 2014 Kracow, Poland
Animated Dreams, Tallinn Estonia
GIRAF, Calgary
Sommets du cinema d'animation
Animateka, Ljubljana Slovenia
Istanbul Animation Festival, Turkey
Clermont-Ferrand International Short Film Festival 2015
Anima 2015, Brussels
HAFF, Netherlands
Flatpack film festival, UK
Animex awards 2015, UK
EYEWORKS festival 2015, US
Mecal 17, Spain
IndieLisboa, Portugal
Athens Animfest, Greece
Anifilm, Czech Republic
Northwest animation festival
Annecy International Animated Film Festival 2015
Rooftop Films, NY 2015
Lago Film Fest 2015
Countryside Animafest Cyprus 2015
Anima Mundi, Brazil
Guanajuato International Film Festival
Anibar Animation Festival 2015, Kosovo
Concorto Film Festival, Italy
Fantoche 2015
Ottawa International Animation Festival 2015
Encounters short Film and Animation Festival 2015
ARS Independent Festival, Katowice, Poland 2015
Uppsala international short film festival, Sweden 2015

Cast: Sarina Nihei

Tags: graduation film, RCA, Royal College of Art and Sarina Nihei


I can feel you in my Belly


A film by: Julia Pott
Production: Royal College of Art
Sound Design: Joseph Tate
Animation Assistance: Robin Bushell
Eammon O’Neill
Ben Cady
Stephen Middleton
Theo Nunn
Voices: Olivia Gurney Randall
Cornelius Clarke
Joseph Tate
Robert Blythe
Laurence Weedy

Supported by: Passion Pictures


The Summer Show, RCA, London, 2011
See No Evil, The City Arts & Music Project, London, 2011
Short and Sweet, The Pheonix, London, 2011
Hackney Film Festival, RIO Cinema, London, 2011
Canterbury Anifest, Augustine House, Canterbury, 2011
Chicago Film Festival, 2011
Playgrounds Festival, Netherlands, 2011
L’Alternativa, 18th Barcelona Independent Film Festival, 2011
Encounters International Film Festival, Bristol, 2011
Adobe Design Achievement Awards, Taipei, Taiwan, 2011
Pictoplasma, New York, 2011
Animated Dreams, Estonia, 2011
Rencontres Henri Langlois 34th Festival, Poitiers, France, 2011
Les Sommets du cinéma d’animation de Montréal, Canada, 2011
Animateka International Animation Film Festival, Slovenia, 2011
Anilogue International Animation Festival, Vienna and Budapest, 2011
Sundance Film Festival, 2012
Clermont Ferrand Film Festival, France 2012
Premiers Plans Film Festival, France, 2012
Flickerfest, International Short Film Festival, Australia, 2012
Tricky Women, International Competition, Vienna, 2012
Mecal International Short Film Festival, Barcelona, 2012
SXSW, 2012
Charleston Film Festival, 2012
Holland Animation Film Festival, Utrecht, 2012
San Francisco International Film Festival, 2012
Lisbon Int