SÍ, HAY UN PAÍS QUE SE LLAMA FILIPINAS...        

¿Para qué sirve un reinado de belleza? Los reinados son muy útiles porque no sirven para nada. Nos sirven para no pensar... y bueno nos enseñan que existe Filipinas y que queda en Asia. Dan espectáculo, enseñan que Confucio se inventó la confusión (Señorita Panamá 2009) "y también del mismo y en el sentido contrario" (Señorita Antioquia 2008). Y los reinados nos recuerdan que "estamos para darnos cariño, para darnos amor" (Señorita Antioquia 2008). Esto tratando de emular un sistema de citas digno de los reinados. Claro pero tienen la utilidad de trascender la psicología geográfica mundial... ¿En serio hay un país que se llama Filipinas? La gente en Colombia -quizás en el mundo- aprende de geopolítica, geografía e historia haciendo chismografía sobre reinados de belleza. Así que más allá del reinado y del "ese país existe" hablemos de Filipinas...

Geografía psicológica de las tragedias

Geografía Filipina y Sistema Político...
Sí gente que en común padece una arbitrariedad llamada Colombia, hay un país que se llama Filipinas, son 7107 islas al sur del mar de China y al norte de Malasia e Indonesia. En total ocupan un área de 300.000 Km2 y su población es de 100 millones de habitantes. Fueron colonia española y de Estados Unidos. Idiomas oficiales Tagalo e Inglés, pero hablan otros como el Cebuano (que allá conocen como Bisaya). Entre sus islas se transportan en ferry. 
Mapa de Filipinas
Política y economía...
Filipinas tiene la mitad del ingreso per cápita de Colombia.  Su moneda el Peso Filipino PHP es alrededor de 70 COP. El Peso Colombiano se ha devaluado también frente al PHP. Pero en todo caso, los salarios en Filipinas siguen siendo inferiores a los de Colombia. En general me parece un país barato. Al igual que Colombia el excesivo presupuesto público en Filipinas también desaparece. ¿Por qué? Porque al igual que en Colombia en Filipinas los políticos son "honestos"... Sin embargo, en Filipinas los únicos ricos son los políticos que "honestamente" se aprovechan del Pondo público. Bueno, las celebridades también tienen plata allá...

Tienen una economía altamente proteccionista que prácticamente prohíbe los negocios de los extranjeros. Ningún extranjero puede adquirir propiedad raíz. Los casos comunes de jurisprudencia en propiedad es si un extranjero que compra a través de un filipino pueden transferir legítimamente propiedad a un tercero. Lo que, contrario a mis amigos de izquierda, es para mí la razón por la cual no tienen el desarrollo de Hong Kong, Singapur o Malasia. Filipinas es uno de los pocos países que no le exige Visa a los colombianos...claro si no siguen poniendo estupideces en redes sociales. Por culpa de algunos colombianos es que a otros nos da vergüenza mostrar el pasaporte. 

Esa arbitrariedad llamada estado también genera problemas políticos en Asia. Hay un problema de aguas territoriales como Colombia. Colombia lo tiene con Nicaragua, algo la verdad relativamente fácil de lidiar. Pero ¿con quién tiene ese diferendo limítrofe Filipinas? ¡Con China! Un país conquistador y con un poder fuerte. En Filipinas por su pobreza y pequeño ejército tienen miedo al imperialismo del gobierno Chino. Por eso la pregunta de las bases militares. 

¿Actitud conspirativa...?
Contrario a la cultura colombiana, en Filipinas no ven robos improvisados en cada esquina. Para ellos básicamente se trató de una situación muy incómoda, y un error de buena fe lo que pasó en el reinado. Si fuera lo contrario ¿cómo sería la actitud de este país sudaca?

Cultura y religión...
Los filipinos tienen un respeto por los mayores, algo común en la cultura asiática. A todo hombre mayor se le dice kuya y a toda mujer mayor ate. Su lenguaje utilizando la palabra po cambia a una expresión más educada. Por ejemplo, Salamat po es más educado que sólo salamat. Eso significa "gracias". En Colombia no hay respeto por los mayores sino por los cartones...

Algunas palabras o curiosidades

Kumustá ... Viene el español ¿Cómo está? Y es el saludo.
Paki Significa por favor
Pagbati Significa "feliticationes"
Ako ay mula sa Kolombiya: Significa soy de Colombia en Tagalo.
Paano mo sabihin? Cómo se dice?
Mahal kita... Te quiero o te amo...
Oo Sí
Hindi No
Ang babae Mujer
Ang lalaki hombre
Ang pusa Gato
Ang tubig agua
Ang = el/la/los/las
ng= de (de pertenencia)
sa= de (de procedencia)

Es un idioma en el que uno ve muchas a, muchas m y n, muchas g y muchas p. Tienen una letra que es la ng que para mí suena como una ñ, aunque para ellos es más dulce.

Es quizás el único país mayoritariamente cristiano de Asia con amplia influencia católica, aunque hay otras iglesias...

Es muy curioso porque la influencia española en Filipinas duró más que en Colombia. ¿Por qué no hablan entonces español? ¿Por qué conservaron sus idiomas regionales pero aceptaron la religión? Si los españoles eran... lo que todo el mundo piensa... ¿No debería ser Filipinas un país donde se hablara español? 

¿Qué piensan de Colombia?
Pero tranquilos que en Filipinas también desconocen de Colombia. Pero, a diferencia de Filipinas, Colombia es un país mucho más "x". Ellos creen que latinoamérica es como México. Aunque tienen razón porque latinoamérica es mera telenovela. Empezando por la política colombiana entre Uribe y Santos. Semejante divorcio no habría podido ser anticipado por ningún guionista mexicano. Y pase a Venezuela con Maduro y sus llantos "ya no les doy casa porque han roto mi corazón. A quien mi comandante nombró desde su corazón". Siga con Ecuador y "van a matar al Presidente". Y sobre latinoamérica no entienden el chiste de que el papa es el único Argentino humilde jajaja...

También insisten en que hay una gran diferencia entre los ojos de los asiáticos. Claro, de la misma manera que no somos mexicanos. No es lo mismo los ojos de un chino, de un japonés y de un coreano... Ni los de un rolo... Para nosotros todos son chinos. Encuentre las diferencias...

En Colombia pensamos que Manila es el componente de un sobre. No, Manila es la capital de Filipinas. El sobre efectivamente es hecho con cáñamo que se cultivaba en la región de Manila.

A diferencia del orgullo de acá, ellos creen que las mujeres latinas son las más bonitas. ¿Por qué? ¡Porque suelen ganarse los reinados de belleza! Y puede que Ariadna no haya quedado de primera, pero había dos colombianas en ese escenario...

En fin... qué importa quién gane el reinado. Hay mujeres lindas aquí y allá, 17.000 km de distancia, idiomas, culturas, creencias y economía deben unirnos en aquel gran trasfondo de humanidad. Somos humanos, dejemos de compararnos y recordemos como dijo la señorita Antioquia "estamos para darnos cariño, para darnos amor". Que Confucio no invente la confusión y conozcamos más allá de las diferencias las similitudes que tienen dos países tan extraños como Colombia y Filipinas...  


          ECO-IMPERIALISMO, HIDROELÉCTRICAS, MENTIRAS Y VERDADES        
Esta mañana me encontré este artículo en el muro de un amigo http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_analysis/2705631/el_quimbo_colombia_enelendesas_low_carbon_hydroelectric_racket.html. El artículo por un imperialismo ecológico critica el imperialismo económico, pero su crítica, aunque razonable en algunos puntos, no deja de tener el trasfondo errado de muchos ecologistas: ¡imponer condiciones a los países subdesarrollados para que los ecologistas de los desarrollados sigan contaminando en paz! Pero lo irónico es que The ecologist critica una de las fuentes de generación de energía renovable más bonitas, eficientes y que puede darle a la gente que vive en ese territorio que llaman Colombia fuentes de riqueza. Además, la crítica se hace de manera ligera pasando por alto las consideraciones del International Panel on Climate Change acerca de sus ventajas.  En el punto que acierta es precisamente en los abusos del estado sobre las comunidades, donde vale la pena resaltar que el aprovechamiento del potencial hidroeléctrico no da derecho a expropiar, en favor del que sea. 

Este escrito consta de varias partes. El primero es que hay una confusión entre inversión extranjera y concesión de monopolios extranjeros, donde los ecologistas aciertan. Y para la aclaración cito a un a un profesor de la Universidad de New York, a Murray Rothbard. Luego, muestro que tras el ecologismo hay también imperialismo, pero uno que suele gustarle a ciertas izquierdas, uno que impone condiciones insoportables a los países pobres, para que los ecologistas nórdicos no tengan cargos de conciencia por prender la calefacción, dado que en las zonas tropicales hay selvas que se beneficiarán de su cariño al planeta. En ella explico que hay una falacia en cuanto a la consideración que hace el artículo de las hidroeléctricas, incluso basándome en el IPCC. Posteriormente, se muestra que las hidroeléctricas además de ser tecnologías que producen energía eficiente sin emisiones de CO2 (no se discute acá el tema de si el cambio climático es originado o no por el hombre) es una oportunidad de ofrecer energía barata. El precio de la energía se relaciona con el crecimiento económico, inclusive una disminución de la demanda de energía puede ser un indicio previo a una crisis económica. La energía eléctrica es clave en la industria y una energía más barata puede disminuir costos. Finalmente, ante un planteamiento del artículo que menciona las pérdidas de energía en transmisión y distribución (o sea los cables que llevan la energía de la planta a su casa) que denuncian a que se deben ¿a las leyes de la física? ¿a viabilidad técnica pero no económica? ¿a ineficiencia? Esto porque consideraban que era más importante disminuir las pérdidas que construir hidroeléctricas. Hasta cierto punto, por física, las pérdidas en transmisión son inevitables, no sé cuál sea el punto. Pero eso no es una excusa para no mejorar la oferta. 

IMPERIALISMO ECONÓMICO Y MONOPOLIO ESTATAL
El imperialismo ecológico es una realidad. Sin embargo, muchos partidos de izquierda al ser ecologistas están convencidos de que no es imperialismo. Ya Hayek denunciaba que existía una imposición de países ricos y contaminados que obligaban a países pobres y selváticos a generar amplias áreas protegidas. Esto genera como dice don Alpiniano en El Tomismo Desdeñado unos beneficios a unas personas que no les corresponden, imponiendo cargas a otros que no las merecen. Sin embargo, luego de que en estos países -como Colombia- nadie puede hacer nada, ni tiene cómo adquirir recursos para explotar sus ventajas ahí sí llegan empresas extranjeras que, haciendo convenios con el gobierno, adquieren los beneficios que los nacionales no han tenido. 

Hace Murray Rothbard, citado por el instituto Mises Hispano una distinción importante entre la sana inversión extranjera y la alianza de empresas ricas con gobiernos ineptos pobres:

"Los conservadores norteamericanos insisten en particular en resaltar ante los países retrasados las grandes posibilidades y la importancia de las inversiones privadas procedentes de los países avanzados, y les incitan a crear un clima favorable a las mismas, de modo que no se vean sujetas al instigamiento de los gobernantes. Todo ello es muy cierto, pero, una vez más, a menudo es irreal, dada la situación de estos países. Estos conservadores caen persistentemente en el error de no saber distinguir entre las inversiones exteriores legítimas del mercado libre y las basadas en concesiones monopolistas y en donaciones de vastas extensiones de tierras otorgadas por los Estados subdesarrollados. En la medida en que las inversiones exteriores se basan en monopolios y en agresiones contra el campesinado, en esa misma medida adquiere el capitalismo extranjero las características de los señores feudales y debe ser combatido con los mismos medios"

En este sentido, estoy de acuerdo con el artículo -y en contra del imperialismo económico- en que el estado confunde inversión extranjera con monopolio extranjero. Y el monopolio es desagradable venga de donde venga, sea el monopolio estatal tan "nacional", como cualquier otro. Por eso, cuando Robledo, senador del Polo, defendía a los arroceros por la imposición ridícula de tener que comprar nuevas semillas estaba promoviendo algo anarcocapitalista y liberal, aunque con argumentos de izquierda. 

Lo mismo pasa en este caso, si se trata de una inversión privada ¿por qué el estado entra y desaloja campesinos? ¿Por qué expropia? Y por más que la ley diga que la expropiación requiere una indemnización al precio del avalúo comercial, ¿es el avalúo comercial el precio de venta? Hombre, no estoy en momento de calcular las rentas campesinas vs las rentas hidroeléctricas, pero sospecho que las rentas hidroeléctricas son más altas. Ahora, si el campesino no quiere vender al precio que dice el avaluador ¿por qué le quita el estado su tierra bajo la excusa del "bien común" para las rentas particulares? No creo que si la transacción se diera en condiciones de libre mercado los campesinos salieran a protestar. Hay alrededor de un millón de kilómetros de líneas de transmisión eléctrica, y si uno viaja por carretera suele ver vacas o sembrados alrededor. ¿Por qué esos campesinos no protestan? Porque 1. esos terrenos no son expropiados sino que cuentan con servidumbres de paso, 2. Se suelen hacer arreglos de mercado. Hombre, hay casos de casos, pero en general no se ve un descontento generalizado. 

Pero, no, la herramienta de la expropiación es el arma para el bien común, como en Venezuela que hay mucho "bien común", siendo tan paradisiado que prefieren venirse para Colombia. La expropiación existe pero tiene sus límites. En todo caso, sin estado Â¿quién expropiaría para que se hicieran las vías? 

IMPERIALISMO ECOLÓGICO

Sin embargo, las razones ecológicas que plantean para oponerse a las hidroeléctricas son más bien pobres. En primer lugar, las consideran también causa del calentamiento global. ¿Cómo? No quiero citar el artículo porque me da pereza pero la idea se resume en 1. cortan bosques tropicales que recogen el CO2, 2. son fuentes de Metano. Hombre ¿cómo un artículo que cita el Panel Intergubernamental sobre el Cambio Climático para defender a los campesinos y el agro sale a decir que son más contaminantes? En primer lugar, si uno revisa lo que dice el IPCC en materia de energía hidoeléctrica (sacaron un documento sobre energías alternativas) su resumen -de la IPCC- arranca así: "Hydropower offers significant potential for carbon emissions reductions" http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/special-reports/srren/Chapter%205%20Hydropower.pdf. Creo que en ese punto "The ecologist" se equivoca. 

Por otro lado argumenta que las represas (reservoirs) son fuentes de Metano. La verdad, lo que dicen los científicos climáticos es que si bien el metano CH4 es un gas efecto invernadero, su absorción es más rápida que el CO2, una diferencia que va desde unas décadas en el metano, hasta miles de años para el dióxido de carbono. Además, de acuerdo con la siguiente imagen que proviene del último reporte del IPCC parte del CO2 proviene del uso de la tierra http://www.slideshare.net/fullscreen/IPCCGeneva/fifth-assessment-report-synthesis-report/11:
Francamente, si queremos disminuir TODAS las emisiones humanas de CO2 hay que empezar por dejar de respirar. ¿Y todas las artificiales? Dudo que la energía que utiliza "The ecologist" sea propiamente energía que no emita CO2 -bueno, puede ser nuclear que no les gusta tampoco- pero no es de las "terribles" hidroeléctricas. 

¿Qué otra razón puede tener "The ecologist"? ¿Proteger los bosques de los países subdesarrollados? ¿Para qué? ¿Para que haya bosques que puedan chuparse el CO2 que producen sus plantas a carbón, gas, petróleo, etc. a costa de energía más costosa, menor productividad, entre otras, en nuestros países? ¿Para que ellos puedan seguir subsidiando sus industrias a cambio de que las nuestras no puedan competir en sus mercados por el costo de la energía?

DEFENDIENDO LAS HIDROELÉCTRICAS

LAGO CALIMA
Lago Calima.
Uno de los embalses en Colombia.
En un apartado anterior cuestioné el manejo del monopolio estatal con la empresa. El estado es una asociación de políticos corruptos con empresarios ineficientes. Pero tanto la oportunidad a nivel de recursos hídricos que hay en Colombia, la eficiencia energética de las hidroeléctricas, su costo en comparación con las térmicas a base de carbón, gas, gasolina, su posibilidad de cambiar potencia (a diferencia de otras renovables de potencia inestable) y almacenar la energía, entre muchas otras, me hacen tenerle cariño a esta tecnología. Creo que en el punto anterior quedó desvirtuado que las hidroeléctricas tengan impactos a nivel global vía CO2 (lo que hacen es quitar el calmadero de conciencia de los ecologistas ricos que les permite seguir emitiendo CO2 bajo la tranquilidad que los bosques tropicales los recogerán). El metano no me preocupa realmente y creo que es una afirmación que no estaba fundamentada, al fin y al cabo, los embalses no son aguas estancadas. 

El potencial hidroeléctrico de ese territorio que llaman Colombia es una maravilla. Eso sin contar con el potencial energético de otras tecnologías renovables como las fotovoltaicas por su ubicación terrestre, las mareomotrices, entre otras. Que cualquiera venga y lo explote es necesario, aunque en condiciones de mercado, no monopólicas ni imperialistas. Adicionalmente, la energía hidroeléctrica es más barata. En el siguiente gráfico hay un promedio de los precios mensuales en comparación al porcentaje de generación térmica en Colombia:

Por puro azar puede observarse con claridad la correlación entre el porcentaje de generación térmica en Colombia y el precio constante (deflactado con IPC) de la energía. Como la gráfica de generación térmica de alguna manera encaja con la hidráulica (la cogeneración y la eólica representan porcentajes insignificantes) podría afirmarse que a mayor generación hidráulica en general menos precio. ¿Por qué se presentan esos baches en la generación? La razón es muy simple, el agua es renovable pero no predecible. Si uno mira las correlaciones de series de ingresos los caudales en dos o tres días tienen altas correlaciones, pero alrededor de dos meses -algo que corroboré con un ex empleado de ISA e ISAGEN- las correlaciones son nulas. 

Hay incertidumbre en el ingreso del agua. Adicionalmente, en unas ocasiones por década se presenta el fenómeno del niño. El fenómeno del niño genera lluvias en Perú -un país desértico- y trae sequía a un país lluvioso como Colombia. Como el agua escasea hay que producir la energía con un sustituto: las termoeléctricas. El costo de la energía se dispara. En este momento parece que están las condiciones para que se dé el fenómeno del Niño si es que no estamos ya en él. De ese fenómeno se ha venido especulando desde que empecé a investigar este tema en Junio del año pasado (o sea el 2014). Esa especulación posiblemente también influye en los precios, el aumento de la producción térmica y la disminución de la hidroeléctrica porque ante el riesgo de escasez se empieza a guardar el agua. El profesor John Jairo García y otros de EAFIT en un paper al respecto proponía medir las expectativas de aportes al sistema en relación con el precio: 

"Una variable importante sobre la determinación del precio en el mercado no regulado que debiera incluirse en estudios futuros son las expectativas climatológicas; en la medida en que se espere una disminución del recurso hídrico, generará expectativas de aumentos en el precio.". http://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cienciasestrategicas/article/view/1093/1313

La intuición tras el análisis es muy buena, pero dudo que pueda encontrarse una variable de expectativas climatológicas. Aunque si algo me soprendió de John Jairo era esa capacidad de creatividad econométrica. El caso es que la ventaja de tener un sistema donde el "combustible"que es el agua es variable, permite inferir que, al menos en las condiciones geográficas de los Andes Colombianas, es más barato que el uso de otros combustibles.

Es así como la construcción de hidroeléctricas -aunque respetando los derechos de propiedad privada- es una necesidad para mantener bajos los precios de la energía. Hay muchos trabajos que buscan predecir el precio de la energía y lo hacen en función de variables hídricas. Pero nada mejor que leer los errores de las predicciones pasadas de los economistas. En este artículo participó mi amigo y profesor de econometría Mauricio Lopera y dice lo siguiente:

" La coherencia del resultado se corrobora en el mes de enero de 2014, donde se aprecia una caída grande en el precio producto de la entrada en operación de El Quimbo y Sogamoso, las cuales en conjunto aumentan la oferta de electricidad en 1220 MW" http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/1552/155226077004.pdf
Mauricio nos insistía mucho que verificáramos que el resultado econométrico coincidiera con la "intuición" económica.  El problema es que las predicciones se equivocan y fuertemente. En el artículo citado, se muestra que los precios caerían en enero de 2014, la razón sería lógica la entrada de hidrosogamoso y quimbo (que es la que menciona The ecologist). Los precios en 2014 en bolsa fueron altísimos, y apenas hoy 16/01/2015 leí que estaban inaugurando la planta de hidrosogamoso. Lo que es cierto es que esas plantas deberían influir en la disminución del precio por el aumento de la oferta, además, de un insumo mucho más barato como "combustible" que el carbón. En eso acertó el trabajo de Mauricio y otros. Pero el cómo o cuánto bajarán los precios no podemos calcularlo con exactitud. 

DEFICIENCIAS DEL SISTEMA
Los cables suelen dañar las fotos de paisajes.
Pero ¿no puede haber buenas fotos de cables de alta tensión?

El sistema de energía que nace con las leyes 142 y en concreto 143 de 1994 tiene muchas deficiencias. Aunque la L143/94 trataba de dar paso a un modelo más parecido al de un mercado, esa distinción del mercado regulado del consumidor de energía hace que nos saquen un ojo de la cara porque sus precios están muy por encima de los de bolsa; aunque relativamente influidos por ellos como lo mostraba el profesor John Jairo García. El modelo aunque avanza hacia tratar de liberar lo que considera de mercado y regular lo que considera "monopolio natural" se queda corto. Pero realmente si hay algo aburrido es la regulación del sistema de energía, como todas las regulaciones. Hablemos más bien de leyes bonitas, las del "fatum" o de la naturaleza... las humanas dan asco. 

Quiero enfocarme más en los problemas que mencionaba "The ecologist" y es las "pérdidas" de energía del sistema de transmisión y distribución. Una de las leyes de la física es la ley de la entropía. Básicamente consiste en que aunque la energía no se destruye, solamente se transforma, se degrada a formas de energía más "desordenadas". Básicamente la energía se transforma en "calor", o que es lo mismo que movimiento y vibración molecular. Utilizaremos el término "pérdida" de energía en un sentido amplio, o económico, pero entendiendo que solamente es una transformación no utilizable.  Esta es la razón por la cual no existe una máquina perfecta, sin desgaste y de movimiento absoluto. Por esta razón los relojes de péndulo necesitaban que les dieran "cuerda". 

De esta manera, por cada 1 KWh (3.600.000 Joules) que produce uno recibe una cantidad menor de energía porque esta se ha "pérdido" transformándose en calor. Esto se debe a que los transformadores -que no entiendo cómo funcionan pero cambian el voltaje- generan pérdidas, la transmisión de energía puede generar calor, en la costa el desgaste de los cables genera pérdidas. Todo esto, como me decía un ex trabajador del sector eso es parte del costo de la energía. Dice textualmente "The ecologist" que se pierde alrededor del 16% de la energía generada:

"Yet the Government is neglecting simple options to raise power supply - like reducing the high level of losses in transmission and distribution, which run at about 16% of power generation and amount to some 10,000 GWh per year - more than four times the energy production of El Quimbo."
Pero es que por las leyes de la física: ¡tiene que "perderse" parte de la energía generada! De la energía potencial del agua embalsada el 80%-90% se transmite por medio de la electricidad y el 10%-20% se "pierde" o sea se transforma en "calor". ¡Y es de las más bajas! Las térmicas pierden el 59% de la energía contenida en el combustible, las nucleares el 70%  (CARTA GONZÁLEZ, CALERO PÉREZ, COLMENAR SANTOS, CASTRO GIL, & COLLADO FERNÁNDEZ, 2013, pp. 113-114). Puede que pueda perderse menos bajo un mantenimiento mucho más costoso, o puede que efectivamente pueda perderse menos. El caso es que siempre se va a "perder" algo de la energía. 

Puede que The Ecologist tenga razón en que se aumente la eficiencia energética. Algo que puede ser inviable o física o económicamente. Pero eso no es razón para impedir que se produzcan plantas de producción de energía eléctrica, es bueno aumentar la oferta por todos los medios. 

Lo que no puede el gobierno es ordenar que se cree energía, ni que no se degrade una parte en otras formas. Gracias a Dios las leyes de la física son inderogables, imprescriptibles, inembargables, anteriores al ser humano mismo. ¿Puede imaginarse una ley que cree energía? El Congreso de Colombia Decreta "Créase energía a partir de la nada...". Gracias a Dios eso no es posible, no soy capaz de imaginarme la inflación energética lo que produciría, al menos la moneda de la naturaleza es absolutamente neutral. O una ley que diga "Derógase la gravedad", el totazo que se pegarían de cuenta de creer en su validez sería de lo lindo...

IN CONCLUSIÓN
En primer lugar pido perdón al lector por tratar la energía de una forma tan política. Es decir, es demasiado pobre, aunque no más pobre que el Ministro de Minas que confundió potencia con energía, pero ¿quién es uno para cuestionar a los "doctores" Ministros? ¡De pronto ignoro una ley que asimila energía con potencia! En segundo lugar, no es esta, ni más faltaba una defensa al régimen de energía eléctrica Colombiana, tan no lo es, que arranco dándole la razón a los ecologistas en que muchas de esas empresas grandes y concesionadas arrasan con las comunidades. El problema de esas empresas grandes, no es la falta de estado, por el contrario, su exceso, lo que falta es libertad. 

Lo que sí creo es que en sanas condiciones de mercado y con precios justos a los dueños de las tierras, la construcción de hidroeléctricas es una de las ventajas que tiene este territorio geográficamente llamado Colombia. Es vital empezar a utilizar en este territorio las ventajas que ofrece el desarrollo de miles de tecnologías de energía renovable, como la solar, la mareomotriz, la eólica y la más fuerte la hidroeléctrica. En esta región se podría utilizar un potencial enorme para producir energía barata, renovable y libre de elementos contaminantes. Esta energía se podría exportar. ¿Por qué no hay líneas de transmisión a Panamá y Centro América? ¿Por qué no hay líneas de transmisión al Perú? ¿Imposibilidad logística? ¿No serán más bien los elevados costos regulatorios -que agudizan las barreras de entrada- sumado al monopolio estatal? ¿O el monopolio de la transmisión es "natural"? 

 BIBLIOGRAFÍA
Casi todas las citas salen de internet así que si no refiero la fuente, está el link. Las formalidades APA o lo que sea me parecen demasiado engorrosas para escribir informalmente. Con el internet debería bastar con el link. El único libro que cito, con todas las normas mamonas para probar su existencia, es:

CARTA GONZÁLEZ, J. A., CALERO PÉREZ, R., COLMENAR SANTOS, A., CASTRO GIL, A., & COLLADO FERNÁNDEZ, E. (2013). Centrales de energías renovables. Generación eléctrica con energías renovables. (P. E. S.A. Ed. SEGUNDA ed.). Madrid, España.




          viviendo en la tierra de alicia bay laurel        
Viviendo en la Tierra

“Celebraciones, avisos de tormenta, fórmulas, recetas, rumores y danzas campestres
recolectadas por Alicia Bay Laurel.”

Kachina Ediciones quiere editar por primera vez en castellano la guía clásica para la vida natural, bohemia y alternativa en el campo escrita por Alicia Bay Laurel en la comuna Wheeler Ranch en el norte de California a finales de los sesenta. La biblia del movimiento back-to-the-land y las comunas hippies de la década de los setenta que capturó el espíritu de toda una generación. 

Para esta edición en castellano, Kachina Ediciones ha puesto en marcha una campaña de financiación que finaliza este domingo 11 de junio, si la campaña finaliza con éxito, el libro estará a la venta el próximo mes de septiembre:

Colabora en el crowdfunding para la edición de Viviendo en la Tierra

Viviendo en la Tierra es para aquellos que prefieren cortar leña para el fuego antes que trabajar en una oficina para pagar la factura de la compañía eléctrica. Un libro diseñado sin índices, sin capítulos, sin reglas ni estructuras, un libro que se construye sobre el aprendizaje del día a día.

Escrito e ilustrado a mano por Alicia Bay Laurel cuando esta tenía tan sólo 19 años, como si se tratara de un diario, originalmente fue concebido como una guía destinada exclusivamente a distribuirse internamente entre las comunas. El libro fue publicado por The Bookworks en Berkeley, California y se agotó inmediatamente. Random House lo reeditó en 1971 y vendió más de 350.000 copias en pocos meses convirtiéndose así en un New York Times Bestseller. Viviendo en la Tierra cambió radicalmente la forma de concebir un libro y con su estilo ha influido durante décadas a numerosos artistas y diseñadores.



Más allá de su utilidad como una guía DIY de artesanía, jardinería, construcción, remedios caseros y recetas, Viviendo en la Tierra documenta la vida en las utópicas comunas de finales de los sesenta. Traducido al japonés y al coreano -y ahora por primera vez al castellano-, en 2012 el libro fue elegido como uno de los 101 libros de cocina americanos más influyentes del siglo XX. Entre 2016 y 2017, fue expuesto en varios museos en retrospectivas sobre la cultura hippie.
Pero además, para muchas personas, Viviendo en la Tierra es una fuente de inspiración espiritual, ya que es un exponente del placer de la vida sin apenas dinero ni bienes materiales, viviendo en contacto con la naturaleza y protegiéndola, viviendo en armonía con los demás.




Alicia Bay Laurel (1949, Hollywood, California) creció en un ambiente intelectual estrechamente relacionado con las artes y políticamente activo. Tras cursar estudios de arte, con diecinueve años se trasladó a la comuna Wheeler Ranch donde comenzó a escribir e ilustrar Viviendo en la Tierra, libro que le dio fama y reconocimiento internacional. Además de escritora e ilustradora, Alicia es una cantautora y música de éxito y ha grabado siete discos desde 1970. Fue alumna del reconocido guitarrista John Fahey y en su carrera ha tocado géneros tan dispares como el psych folk, el blues, la canción protesta o la música Hawaiiana.

En 1973 en colaboración con Ramón Sender Barayon -hijo del escritor Ramón J. Sender y conocido activista del movimiento hippie de los 60- escribió e ilustró el libro Being The Sun, que más tarde se convirtió también en disco.
 
Se trasladó a Maui en 1974 y desde entonces ha ejercido numerosas profesiones, incluyendo entre otras muchas la de fotógrafa submarina, empresaria o profesora de primaria.

Coincidiendo con la edición revisada y actualizada de Viviendo en la Tierra en el año 2000, Alicia hizo una gran gira musical de promoción por Estados Unidos. Desde entonces Alicia vive entre Estados Unidos, Panamá, España y especialmente Japón, país en el que goza de un enorme reconocimiento y en el que continúa realizando numerosas actuaciones musicales y colaboraciones artísticas para libros, publicidad e incluso para diseño de moda. 




 
“Este puede ser perfectamente el mejor libro de este catálogo, es un libro para la gente; por eso, si eres una persona, es para ti; si eres un perro, sin embargo, y no sabes leer demasiado bien, también es para ti, porque tiene dibujos, Alicia, Alicia, Alicia, ella es nuestra Bradford Angier particular.”
--The Whole Earth Catalog, JD Smith, 1970.

"VIVIENDO EN LA TIERRA es toda una experiencia vital. Nos presenta toda la información principal del Whole Earth Catalog con la calidez y el sentimiento que una chica con un melódico y apasionado nombre como Alicia Bay Laurel puede poseer. Es como una carta interminable que Alicia te escribiera sólo y únicamente a ti."
--The Village Voice.



“Ver, tocar o acariciar VIVIENDO EN LA TIERRA es maravilloso. Sus dibujos y diseños irradian calidez, simplicidad y sinceridad. El libro en sí es un objeto que induce a la serenidad y a la buena voluntad. Su información es realmente útil para todo aquel que desee disfrutar de las cosas buenas de esta vida en cualquier parte del mundo."
--Raymond Mungo, The New York Times Book Review

“Quiero hacer todo lo que pone en este libro. Si no puedo hacer todo lo que pone en este libro, entonces quiero soñar sobre ello, porque yo sé que si lo hago, seré una mejor persona hasta la médula de mis huesos.”
--Shuntaro Tanikawa, poeta japonés

(fotos de la comuna Wheeler Ranch de Bob Fitch)

Colabora en el crowdfunding para la edición de Viviendo en la Tierra

          L’AIDA A PANAMA        
Il 30 ottobre 2013 la scenografia e gli abiti della nostra Aida sono stati inviati a Panama per una rappresentazione di Aida patrocinata dal consolato italiano a Panama e dal Teatro Nazionale di Panama. Noicattaro era rappresentata da Angela Gassi, costumista, Damiano Pastoressa, direttore degli allestimenti e Michele Lisi, scenografo.
          O que usar nas férias?        

Seja na praia, campo ou cidade, lembre-se que você está de férias. Precisa relaxar, descansar o corpo e deixar a alma fluir levemente. É hora de largar o salto alto dentro do armário, a maquiagem pesada e usar roupas leves e confortáveis. Mas para isso não precisa perder a vaidade e nem ficar circulando com trapinhos.

LOOK 1: Para sair por aí explorando novos lugares, sugiro uma mochila descolada, shorts jeans mega confortável, aquela blusinha que você não quer tirar do corpo e nos pés, uma sandalinha, rasteirinha ou um tênis bem cool. Lembre-se do chapéu para proteger do sol. O escolhido da vez foi um modelo tradicional que veste super bem com roupas básicas, estilo panamá com detalhe rendado.  

look basico verao ferias

LOOK 2: Para aquele rolezinho de final de tarde na praia, que tal um vestidinho listradinho? Nada de excessos, só com a carteira de mão  para levar os apetrechos necessários e o inseparável chapéu fedora.

look basico verao ferias

LOOK 3: Precisa fazer compras? Então investe no vestidinho básico liso e curto, maxi bolsa dupla face para levar tudo e mais um pouco. Se joga nas sandálias tipo alpagartas ou tênis no modelinho básico. E claro, leve um chapéu clarinho para ficar com look discreto.  

look basico verao ferias

 

LOOK 4: Macaquinho está em alta neste verão, pode usar na cidade ou praia, qualquer lugar veste bem. Para deixar o look mais moderno e jovem, combine a bolsa carteiro pink com chapéu pretinho que não tem erro. 

look basico verao ferias

 

LOOK 5: Vai para uma baladinha ou happy hour? Então vale investir um pouco mais na produção, sem perder o conforto. Se a balada for direto da praia, leve sua maxi bolsa ou então troque por uma carteira de mão. O Chapéu Rodeo Drive já fala por si só, pura elegancia. E para finalizar um macacão grafite, confortável e sexy.  

look basico verao ferias

 


          What I've learned in Africa        
I failed miserably in the two learning targets I set myself when I arrived here - mastery of the French language (I get by but am by no means fluent) and competence at drumming (I've managed to fit in two lessons in over six years).  But I have learned a number of things, some about myself and some about Africa.

I learned that I'm not as emotionally self-sufficient as I'd always thought - that I need people.  My first couple of years were really quite lonely, until I worked out that the best response was not to try to toughen myself up so I could cope better but to go out and find friends.

I learned that I'm not a very compassionate person.  I care about injustice towards groups of people and want to do my bit to put that right, but I don't cry over the suffering of individuals nor do I give and share what I have in the way that Africans (and some Europeans/Americans) do.  I don't feel sympathy when I see someone begging, I just feel a need to try to change the system.  It's not a trait to be particularly proud of, but then again it is one that makes it easier to cope with a job like mine where you do witness a lot of suffering.

& I learned (or rather confirmed my suspicion) that I am physically suited to the environment here.  I love the heat - don't miss winters, or indeed seasons, at all - and my only illness during my time here was the bronchitis I picked up on a winter trip to the US and a touch of flu in my first month here.  Not only have I avoided malaria but I haven't even suffered one bout of diarrhoea in more than six years here!

As regards Africa and its people?  Well, I've learnt that it is a highly materialistic society and with conspicuous consumption preferred over savings or investment, that Africans of different shades of brown and black can be far more racist (towards eachother) than any whites I've ever met, that things will happen when they happen no matter how many times an impatient white person looks at their watch in irritation, and that when things appear to have gone wrong, there is always a solution, especially when Africans spot a white person in need.

I've learnt a lot about the huge importance of the obligations that come with the extended family system, and the way in which this system is a strong barrier against Africa developing on the same path that the West has.  On the one hand it works against people building up the kind of wealth necessary to build businesses, as the more one earns the greater the number of family members who come calling for help; I don't think I have any African colleagues who don't spend a significant proportion of their income supporting their extended family.  On the other hand this means that what we in the West would call corruption and nepotism (those with power using it to favour/benefit family and friends) are in Africa normal and acceptable forms of behaviour.  I'll never forget the dinner in Mali where I heard a government minister tell some friends that he was going to resign as he couldn't cope with the constant demands for money and jobs from his family and community.  Taken up to the next level - the tribe - this also explains in large part why Western-style democracy does not really work in Africa.

I learnt that every sub-Saharan African, whether Christian, Muslim, atheist or animist, believes in a spirit world. This world operates in parallel with the material world but with the ability to interfere in the latter for good or evil.  Typical manifestations of this belief include the protective amulets worn by many people and widespread accusations of witchcraft to explain what we would call bad luck.

Finally, I learned about a very important existential difference between the West and Africa - or, more accurately I suspect, between the West and rest of the world - in the way we look at a human being.  In the West we focus almost entirely on that person as an individual, with rights and choices that attach to him/her as an individual.  Here in Africa, that is not important.  A human being is not seen as an individual but in terms of their relationship to others.  So one is a mother, a sister, a chief, a Christian, a member of a certain tribe...

I recently spent a few days in an African household, where I was soon referred to as "aunty", the usual term for a respected (older) family friend; there was no way I would have been called by my name.  Birthdays are not celebrated here either.

Of course those relationships carry obligations and expectations (built up in the culture over many generations) which are considered far more important than anything the individual concerned might prefer were they to be given free choice.  It shows what a clash of cultures it is to try to impose individual human rights (eg the right of a child to go to school rather than to help with the family business, or the right of a man to live and sleep with another man rather than to marry a woman and to produce children) on societies where the happiness of the individual is considered far less important than the well-being of the community.  Particularly in a part of the world where it is believed that failing to maintain the traditons of the ancestors is likely to bring misfortune.

It's ironic really that one of the things many expats relish, myself included, is the freedom from expectations and obligations that we have through living outside of our own cultures.


Unless anything momentous happens in the next 48 hours that has to be reported here, this is my last post on louiseinsenegal.  Hopefully it won't be long until my first post on louiseinpanama.
          Transferring to Panama        
The trouble with working on a fixed term contract is that there comes a time when you have to move on.  My five-year contract in Senegal was extended to a sixth year, and then to a seventh, but seven is the maximum allowed and I am already several months into my seventh year, so when a suitable post was advertised in Panama (the same job that I do here but covering our Latin America region) I really had little choice but to apply.

I was successful, and within the next couple of months (I don't yet have a transfer date), I will be leaving my beloved West Africa.

Of course my new region will be full of delights.  New landscapes, new birds, new cultures, new music...  Many things that I should be so excited about.  & I guess that, in time, I will be excited about them.  But now all I can think about is how much I will miss Africa.  How much I love Africa.  How challenging and frustrating it can be, and how long it took me to find my place here but how happy I am now that I have found it.

Don't post comments about any of the delights of my new region or of the advantages of living in Panama, because I know all that, and at the moment it makes no difference.  That isn't to say you should be sad for me...  I am busy trying to see the last few corners of this region that remain unexplored (the Benin voodoo festival, and next month the Bissau carnival), to make the most of the little time that remains and to celebrate and be thankful for the wonderful years I have spent here.  I have been very lucky to have the opportunity to explore a region of the world that so few people know.
          Still feel unhappy with the Turnbull Government's policies on underground, land surface and marine waters? So you should        

“Dead zones are hypoxic (low-oxygen) areas in the world's oceans and large lakes, caused by "excessive nutrient pollution from human activities coupled with other factors that deplete the oxygen required to support most marine life in bottom and near-bottom water.” [US National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration]

Every Northern Hemisphere Spring this dead zone occurs in the Gulf of Mexico and increases in size over time.



It is only one of more than 400 hypoxic areas world-wide which were mapped in 2008.


Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), Andrew H. Altieri et al, 2017, Tropical dead zones and mass mortalities on coral reefs:

Oxygen-starved coastal waters are rapidly increasing in prevalence worldwide. However, little is known about the impacts of these “dead zones” in tropical ecosystems or their potential threat to coral reefs. We document the deleterious effects of such an anoxic event on coral habitat and biodiversity, and show that the risk of dead-zone events to reefs worldwide likely has been seriously underestimated. Awareness of, and research on, reef hypoxia is needed to address the threat posed by dead zones to coral reefs.

Degradation of coastal water quality in the form of low dissolved oxygen levels (hypoxia) can harm biodiversity, ecosystem function, and human wellbeing. Extreme hypoxic conditions along the coast, leading to what are often referred to as “dead zones,” are known primarily from temperate regions. However, little is known about the potential threat of hypoxia in the tropics, even though the known risk factors, including eutrophication and elevated temperatures, are common. Here we document an unprecedented hypoxic event on the Caribbean coast of Panama and assess the risk of dead zones to coral reefs worldwide. The event caused coral bleaching and massive mortality of corals and other reef-associated organisms, but observed shifts in community structure combined with laboratory experiments revealed that not all coral species are equally sensitive to hypoxia. Analyses of global databases showed that coral reefs are associated with more than half of the known tropical dead zones worldwide, with >10% of all coral reefs at elevated risk for hypoxia based on local and global risk factors. Hypoxic events in the tropics and associated mortality events have likely been underreported, perhaps by an order of magnitude, because of the lack of local scientific capacity for their detection. Monitoring and management plans for coral reef resilience should incorporate the growing threat of coastal hypoxia and include support for increased detection and research capacity.

Anyone still in favour of allowing an expansion of coal mining in the Galilee Basin, Queensland?

Anyone still comfortable with the amount of agricultural/industrial run-off into the Great Barrier Reef, marine protected areas and Australian coastal waters, which is allowed under state and federal policies?

It’s not just our rivers and aquifers which are suffering from political inaction and vested interest greed.

BACKGROUND

The Australian Government’s OzCoasts website states:

A reduction in dissolved oxygen concentrations is amongst the most important effects of eutrophication on aquatic organisms [4]. Hypoxia can cause direct mortality, reduced growth rates and altered behaviour and distributions of fish [4] and other organisms. In addition, bottom-water hypoxia can interact with elevated water temperatures at the surface to produce a "temperature-oxygen squeeze" effect, which can greatly reduce the amount of summer habitat available for some species [12]. Eggs and larvae of fish (and crustaceans) may be particularly susceptible to this effect because these life history stages are less able to avoid unfavourable conditions, and because they live in near shore areas, such as estuaries, where too-high water temperatures and too-low oxygen conditions often occur [5]. Changes in fish assemblages and crustaceans in response to hypoxia and & anoxia can render these organisms more susceptible to fishing pressure, and can increase the abundance of non-targeted species in by-catch [4].

Dissolved oxygen status also influences the uptake or release of nutrients from sediment. When oxygen is depleted, the nitrification pathway is blocked, and efficiencies may be lowered. As a consequence, more nutrients (e.g. nitrogen and phosphorous) are released from the sediment in bio-available forms [7]. These nutrients help to sustain algal blooms, and therefore continue the supply organic matter to the sediments [7]. With organic matter (energy) diverted from invertebrate consumption to microbial decomposition, the natural pattern of energy flow is altered, and pelagic and opportunistic species are favoured [8]. Indeed, an increased ratio of planktivore:demersal fish biomass is an important effect of eutrophication [11]. Low bottom water oxygen concentrations are also conducive to the build-up of toxic compounds such as hydrogen sulfide and ammonia gas, which can also be harmful to benthic organisms and fish. Even short-lived anoxic events can cause the mass mortality of fish and benthic organisms [10].

Overall, anoxic and hypoxic events can cause large reductions in the abundance, diversity and harvest of fish in affected waters [4], and can contribute to an overall loss of bio-diversity[9]. However, the extent to which bottom water anoxia causes declines in overall fish production depends on a balanced between the negative and positive and effects of eutrophication in the full spectrum of habitats within the system [4]……

Major research institutions, universities and government (local and State) agencies gather oxygen data for specific research studies. Some information on anoxic and hypoxic events in Australian coastal waterways was compiled during the National Land & Water Resources Audit. In most cases, no data was available. However, localised or short-lived periods of hypoxia were reported in the Derwent and Huon estuaries (TAS) and in the Tuggerah Lakes (NSW). Prolonged and extensive anoxia is experienced in the Gippsland Lakes.

Note:

Anoxia is an extreme form of hypoxia.

          Carnival Cruise Line Adds 13 ‘Carnival Journeys’ Voyages for 2018-2019        
12- to 14-Day Voyages Visit Destinations Throughout Central and South America, Alaska, Hawaii, the Caribbean and the Panama Canal February 21, 2017 – Carnival Cruise Line has expanded its popular Carnival Journeys enrichment cruise series with 13 new 12- to 14-day seagoing adventures departing from homeports along the East and West Coasts and the Gulf […]
          La voz no se les devuelve escribiéndoles el guión        
La voz no se les devuelve escribiéndoles el guión

Por Sara Plaza

Hace un par de meses proyectaron en el Cineclub Municipal "Hugo del Carril" de Córdoba (Argentina) "Invisibles: Una sola mirada y cinco historias", película–documental producida por Javier Bardem y dirigida por Mariano Barroso, Isabel Coixet, Javier Corcuera, Fernando León de Aranoa y Wim Wenders, recientemente galardonada con el premio Goya 2008 a mejor documental. En la reseña que apareció en el número 55 de abril de 2008 del boletín "Metrópolis" que edita el propio Cineclub, podía leerse lo siguiente:

INVISIBLES es una historia de historias. Un acercamiento a aquellas personas que residen en nuestro olvido. Un deseo de dar voz a varios de los que se quedaron mudos por la indiferencia. Y un humilde homenajea esas otras personas que nunca apartaron su mirada de ellos. Pero sobre todo es la voluntad de cinco directores por hacer visibles a sus verdaderos y únicos protagonistas, a aquellos que creemos y preferimos seguir creyendo invisibles.

Particularmente, no me gustó esta presentación. Últimamente desconfío bastante de la tan manoseada expresión "dar voz a los que no tienen voz". Primero por artificiosa, segundo por engañosa. Creo que es una afirmación de gran doblez y expresa lo opuesto de lo que finalmente se hace. Para empezar no creo que las personas del mal llamado y peor entendido "Tercer Mundo" sean mudas, y tampoco estoy de acuerdo con que escribiéndoles un guión se les devuelva la voz. Por el contrario, muchos de los diálogos y monólogos que aparecen en la película sólo permiten al "Primer Mundo" escuchar lo que está dispuesto a oír.

Así sobre la industria cinematográfica estadounidense, el crítico de cine, Carlos Boyero escribía hace un par de meses (EL PAÍS, 26 de abril de 2008):

"Hace tiempo que Hollywood se toma un poquito más en serio el tercer mundo y las ancestrales e interminables putadas que éste tiene que padecer. Lo hace lleno de buena intenciones, con esforzado tono crítico hacia los desastres que han perpetuado sus colonizadores, pero sin descuidar jamás los filones que engordan la taquilla, las sagradas convenciones y el transparente o subterráneo happy end".

Y en una entrevista publicada en el mismo medio unas semanas después (10 de mayo de 2008), el director de cine independiente norteamericano, John Seyles, se sonreía ante una etiqueta, "independiente", que ahora parece que gusta en Hollywood:

"Es una falacia que se han inventado los grandes estudios para ahorrar dinero. Crean divisiones más pequeñas en las que producen películas más baratas, a las que llaman independientes, y con esa excusa pueden pagar menos a actores y directores. Pero si luego deciden entrar en la carrera por el oscar, se gastan cuarenta millones de dólares en publicidad".

Jesús Carrión, del Observatorio de la Deuda en la Globalización (ODG) que mantiene vínculos con la Universidad Politécnica de Barcelona, opinaba en un artículo (EL PAÍS, 17 de mayo de 2008) no sobre cine sino sobre el activismo accionarial de algunas ONGs, que "[e]l peligro es que las grandes empresas utilicen a las ONGs para legitimarse" y afirmaba que, en su opinión, los programas de Responsabilidad Social Corporativa de las multinacionales españolas:

"Hacen pequeños donativos y tienen gran capacidad mediática para rentabilizarlos como publicidad mientras siguen adelante con programas que destrozan comunidades y territorios".

El escritor uruguayo, Eduardo Galeano, en su último libro "Espejos: Una historia casi universal", bajo la entrada "Americanos" se pregunta:

"Cuenta la historia oficial que Vasco Núñez de Balboa fue el primer hombre que vio, desde una cumbre de Panamá, los dos océanos. Los que allí vivían, ¿eran ciegos?

¿Quiénes pusieron sus primeros nombres al maíz y a la papa y al tomate y al chocolate y a las montañas y a los ríos de América? ¿Hernán Cortés, Francisco Pizarro? Los que allí vivían, ¿eran mudos?

Lo escucharon los peregrinos de Mayflower: Dios decía que América era la tierra era la Tierra Prometida. Los que allí vivían, ¿eran sordos?

Después, los nietos de aquellos peregrinos del norte se apoderaron del nombre y de todo lo demás. Ahora, americanos son ellos. Los que vivimos en las otras Américas, ¿qué somos?".


Curiosamente, en el diario EL PAÍS del sábado 24 de mayo de 2008, el suplemento literario "Babelia" llevaba por título:

Reinventar América
La feria del Libro de Madrid da voz a los nuevos narradores del otro lado del Atlántico


Ahí estaba nuevamente el "Primer Mundo" escribiendo el guión para el "Tercero" al que sigue creyendo mudo, ciego y sordo y del que sigue hablando con un profundo desconocimiento porque, como anoté al principio, jamás escucha lo que no desea oír.
Mi sorpresa fue descubrir que hay lugares en el "Primer Mundo" que tampoco han podido explicarse a sí mismos. Así lo expresaba la escritora Simonetta Agnello en una entrevista (EL PAÍS el 17 de mayo de 2008):

"La tragedia es que hay mucho escrito sobre Sicilia, pero la inmensa mayoría ha sido por extranjeros, no por sicilianos. Tiene que haber una razón".

¿Tendrá que ver con un "Primer Mundo" que para seguir haciéndose el sordo insiste en considerar mudo al "Tercero"?

Ilustración.

          A member of the hair nation picks the best songs ever        
Hair metal is a loose term, as loose as the women in your average hair metal video (this kind of wit is prevalent throughout this blog, so pat yourself on the back, wise reader, for choosing to read this).
But it's a term that usually garners at least a giggle from those who remember back in the day. These are the same giggles reserved for skyrocketing bangs, mullets, pink suit jackets with the sleeves rolled up, hoop earrings and thinking "Knight Rider" was a great show.
Hair metal deserves better. I'm here to give it to you. We shouldn't have to be embarrassed about it. Take me. I have some culture in my music tastes. I've played Beethoven, Tchaikovsky and Mozart in symphony orchestras and Miles Davis in jazz bands. I've listened to many of the kings and queens of jazz and own many of their records. I have the box sets of Stevie Wonder, Steely Dan and Led Zeppelin.
And yet I'm an unabashed fan of metal. Metal forever and metal for life and whatnot. That includes hair metal, which, despite its wild success at its peak,  probably gets teased more than any other era of music except perhaps disco. And as a result I expect exactly two people to read this until the end, including me.
But here you go. The top 25 hair metal songs of all time.
I did have to leave out Hall Of Fame bands such as Iron Maiden, Dio, Dream Theater, Helloween, Queensryche, Metallica, Grim Reaper, Armored Saint, Judas Priest, Chastain (obscure band but one of my favorites, probably worth a blog post at some point) and Savatage because they're not really hair metal. They're not glam metal. They're not even hard rock. They are metal, and even if I preferred those bands growing up, that's not the point of this post. If there's any point to this post at all.
I tried not to repeat bands. That probably means leaving out a lot of great songs, but I was able to find a signature hit, at least in my opinion, from many key bands from the Spandex Era.
I also didn't put them in order. Maybe I should, but just to make this list is an honor. About as big an honor as a Grammy, I'm pretty sure.
Speaking of Grammy, er, grammar, I have made the bands plural even though a band is a single entity. It's much easier to read that way. I apologize in advance.
Let's get to it:
• "Live Wire" By Motley Crue — Motley Crue was the first hard rock/metal/hair metal band I ever got into. My neighborhood kid friends brought me a tape one day, and I listened to it with a sense of wonder, excitement and fear. The tape was "Shout at the Devil." It seemed kinda evil, and I remember, late at night, becoming a little scared at what bringing this group into my life could mean (I was, unfortunately, kind of a deep kid who overthought far too many things. You MAY be able to see the resemblance to the adult me now.) In fairness, I was in like fifth grade, and this group at the time had just opened for Ozzy Osbourne, who bit the heads off doves and bats and drank their blood like lemonade (at least that's what I heard). My parents didn't take us to church, but that pentagram and the lyrics "Shout at the DEVIL" still made me worry that I was going to want to sacrifice small, cute animals after listening to the tape.
Of course, I also remember thinking Metallica, when I first heard "Ride The Lightning," was just various recordings of coyotes. Fortunately I got over my pansy ways. Motley Crue was my first step.
I discovered "Live Wire" later, when you fall in love with a band and check out its older albums. Motley Crue has had many great songs. The first track off their first album remains their best, especially the remix that helped take out some of the sludgy production of the original.
Shit, this may be a long post. That was a lot of description.
• "Foolin'" By Def Leppard — Def Leppard's "Pyromania" was one of my first hair metal albums, after the Crue's "Shout at the Devil." I got it in a six-pack of tapes I got from those music clubs that gave you 12 for a penny if you agreed to buy six more at regular (inflated) prices and sacrifice small, cute animals. My other tapes were The Police, Duran Duran and a bunch I can't remember, so you can see where my mindset was at the time. I think "Pyromania" is a nearly perfect hard rock album, and it's by far Def Leppard's best. Def Leppard was at one time a band that sounded like AC/DC, only with catchier melodies and a better singer, and it's a shame that they castrated themselves a bit with "Hysteria," a fine record with far too many ballads and the most overplayed song in history, "Pour Some Sugar on Me." The fact that I've heard that song approximately 40 billion times and my parents' radio station (KUDL, pronounced "cuddle") could play it because it was soft enough and catchy enough not to offend the menopause crowd and yet hard enough to make the station seem "edgy" eliminates the song from my top 25. It was hard to pick between "Photograph" and "Rock of Ages" and this one, but I remember adoring this song when I was younger, and so it wins, even if the other two songs are probably better.
Yep, this post will be long. Sorry.
• "You Shook Me (All Night Long) By AC/DC — The OTHER most overplayed song in history, besides "Sweet Home Alabama," and there are many other AC/DC tracks I personally like better, including "Hells Bells," "Highway to Hell" and "It's A Long Way To The Top," but I believed this was the one song I could not leave off the list regardless of my personal feelings for it. It's proof that "hair metal" is a loose term because these guys were pretty much the OPPOSITE of a hair metal band. They were ugly guys who dressed like factory workers, save for Angus, who wore a schoolboy outfit that would probably get him arrested if he went anywhere but a concert hall. Yet this song helped kick off the catchy, radio-friendly-yet-hard-edged hair metal era because of its wild success. Basically every band tried to copy it. The band also featured a smoking hot blonde in the video. I can STILL see her riding that mechanical horse. 
As an aside, KISS' "Rock and Roll All Nite," which compares favorably with this song in many ways (classic band, overplayed song loved by everyone, catchy as hell), is NOT on the list. It's a great song, but it's really not from the era. And the hair metal era, which boosted the careers of many older bands that actually got their start in the 70s (such as the Scorpions, Van Halen, Sammy Hagar, AC/DC and perhaps even Judas Priest and Iron Maiden) almost destroyed KISS. The band took off its makeup and made mostly forgettable records filled with songs like "Crazy Crazy Nights" and "God Gave Rock and Roll To You" that really sounded like a desperate uncle trying to fit in at one of his nephew's fun parties. Still...
• "Heaven's On Fire" By KISS — This song was a glorious exception. It's my favorite song by KISS, and I really do love KISS. It's stupid as hell but even catchier.
• "We're Not Gonna Take It" By Twisted Sister — I was trying to think of perhaps the worst hair metal band in the era simply in terms of ability. I came up with Krokus, Danger Danger and Britney Fox, but I still think Twisted Sister was probably the worst. "Stay Hungry" sounds as if it was played by a bunch of fifth-graders. And yet it's not only a good record, it's a classic. Why? The power of songwriting. Dee Snider was simply a great songwriter. He wrote "I Wanna Rock" and "Stay Hungry" and "The Price," and he wrote this insanely catchy number too, filled with attitude and one of the best choruses ever for a rock song. My DAD liked this one for God's sake. Dee was also a great metal singer. He didn't resort to the "balls in a vice" falsetto that so many other singers had to abuse to fit in. They had a good look, and their videos were hilarious. They didn't take themselves too seriously, a lesson I wish more metal bands learned.
• "Rock Me" by Great White — A nightclub fire, as horrible as it was, shouldn't mean we overlook this band. Yes, Great White was a ripoff of many better classic rock bands, and yes this song took pieces of a half-dozen Led Zeppelin songs and glued them together, but that still makes for a great song. This band was a bit more no-nonsense than most in the era and would have fit comfortably in the 70s. It has a solid greatest-hits collection, including three off "Once Bitten," the band's biggest album, and that's far more than most hair metal bands. I also liked "Desert Moon" a lot.
• "Rock You Like A Hurricane" by The Scorpions — The Scorpions are proof that hair metal or pop metal could be really good if a great band played it and wrote it. The Scorpions didn't need the hair metal era to be popular, though there's no doubt they benefitted from it, and here's exhibit A: This song is one of the best songs of the 80s, with perhaps the best opening riff of all the hair metal songs. It's so simple, too: Da-da-da, dudu, dududa, dadaaa. It's also heavier than you remember, and the video is almost kinda scary, not just the band writhing around a hot girl. The centerpiece from "Love At First Sting," a classic album. The Scorpions weren't flashy, attractive guys, but they had at least a dozen great songs, were a great live band (they were the best, I thought, when I saw "Monsters of Rock" with Van Halen and Metallica) and deserve a spot in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
• "Out of Love" by Blue Murder — Who? Yeah, I know. Blue Murder was a trio led by John Sykes, who actually played guitar on Whitesnake's monster album, not the pretty boys in the videos. This album shows just what a good guitarist (and singer) he was, and it, quite frankly, rocked. This is a sappy ballad, but it's probably my favorite hair ballad ("Still Loving You" and "Home Sweet Home" are the only ones that come close; I really wasn't much of a fan of ballads). This band put out two albums (that I know of), but the self-titled one, the debut, is still worth owning.
• "Modern Day Cowboy" by Tesla — Tesla opened for Def Leppard on the Hysteria tour, and it was one of those glorious, rare times when I got my socks knocked off by a band I didn't know. They kicked Leppard's butt, and I bought the album the next day. It's still one of my favorites, and it ranks up there with "Appetite for Destruction" as a debut album by a hard rock band. This is the best track on an album full of great ones, including "Little Suzy" and "Comin' Atcha Live".
• "Down Deep Into The Pain" by Stevie Vai — Marginal hair metal, but Vai played on Whitesnake's "Slip of the Tongue" and David Lee Roth's debut and therefore had a big role in the hair metal era. This is Devin Townsend's debut as well, as far as I can tell, and he's a big name in metal today. I always liked Vai's "The Audience Is Listening" too.
• "Lights of Heaven" by Joe Satriani — Speaking of instrumental guitarists, here's the best, ever. He performed in this era, so I put him here. Satriani is famous for "Surfing with the Alien," but I think the album that spawned this track is better, and this is his best song.
• "Wild Child" by W.A.S.P. — I love W.A.S.P. Blackie Lawless was a strange dude, almost too strange, as the band's antics and acting as Tipper Gore's thorn overshadowed the fact that Lawless not only had a terrific metal voice, he wrote a TON of catchy, hard tunes. This is my favorite track, but there are many other great ones, including a song, "Helldorado," that the band released in 1999 (!).
• "Panama" by Van Halen — One of my best friends who enjoys this kind of music and is probably the biggest Rush fan ever says Van Halen was a hair band. I have passionately disagreed, but I'll give him this point: "1984" was basically a hair metal album, and so I've included what I think was the best track here. Man, "1984" was a great album: "Jump," "Hot For Teacher," "I'll Wait" and this song. Was "1984" Van Halen's best album? I think so.
• "Cherry Pie" by Warrant — I was not a fan of Warrant, just like I wasn't a fan of many of the marginal glam hair bands that played pop metal more watered down than a free casino drink. But Warrant redeemed itself with this outrageous, horrible hunk of cheese that just happens to feature one of the catchiest choruses in the history of hair metal. One of the best videos, too. I mean, at one point, the band hoses down the incredibly hot blonde. You know, cause she's SO HOT. Get it? I thought you might.
P.S. I just watched the video. Yeah, it holds up even less than I thought. I really didn't think that was cool at one point, did I?
• "In My Dreams" by Dokken — If you overlook the fact that magazines loved to focus on the fact that George Lynch and Don Dokken hated each other, and if you maybe ignore the fact that Don Dokken had the personality of a moldy sponge, you'd be left with a pretty damn good hair metal band. Dokken was a terrible live band. You really could see why the guys hated each other, as there was no chemistry at all. Don, who I think was a lot older than he let on, came out for Dokken's Monsters of Rock gig, the same one I saw in Kansas City, and said "Hey, I smell some DOOOOOBAGE," and it went downhill from there.
Even so, Jeff Pilson, the bass player, could sing, Don had a good hair metal voice and Lynch could really play. They also wrote some great songs. They would have a nice greatest hits collection. "Kiss of Death" is a close second.
• "Youth Gone Wild" by Skid Row — Skid Row holds a special spot somewhere in my cold metal heart not only for this killer, killer, killer song but for the fact that the band was set up to have a nice, long, cheesy career. The opening track of their debut was "Big Guns," a song about a woman's...never mind. Anyway, the band followed up with a second album, and it was the heaviest I'd ever heard from a supposed hair metal band. Seriously, some pretty fierce power metal bands couldn't match that guitar crunch, and Bach could always scream with the best of them. I'm convinced it destroyed their career, but I admire them for sticking to their roots and not putting out a featherweight product because that's what the label (and unfortunately probably the public) wanted.
• "The Final Countdown" by Europe — Abused by many sports teams now, this song featured the best keyboard riff in a hair metal song, like, ever. It's a good example of a riff really acting as the chorus, since there wasn't much of a chorus. They just sang the song's name over that sweet riff a few times. It worked, just as it did for "Layla." Unbelievably, Europe, not a great band by any stretch, did have another great song, this one on their first album, called "Wings of Tomorrow." Check it out.
• "All We Are" by Warlock — Warlock was heavier than most hair metal bands, but I still count it because the video for this song is candy-corn corny. Here's a secret: I really have a thing for metal chicks, and Doro was the metalist chickiest of all. Her pipes were as amazing as her blonde hair that went down to her waist.
• "Addicted to that Rush" by Mr. Big — Mr. Big hit it big with "Be With You," a pretty awful hair metal ballad that sounded like a ripoff of "More Than Words," Extreme's big one (which is a much better song, but it won't make this list either).  But this song leads off their lesser-known debut album, and it's a shredder, something Racer X might have played (and I just looked it up, and sure enough, the band's guitarist, Paul Gilbert, played in it). Mr. Big also had Billy Sheehan and therefore had more chops in the cushions of their couch than even most power metal bands.
• "Cryin' in the Rain" by Whitesnake — I was a bigger fan of Whitesnake than the band probably deserved, though David Coverdale could really sing, and they had some good songs even before the monster self-titled album was released ("Slide It In," "Slow 'N' Easy" and "Love Ain't No Stranger" are three of the best). Yes, this album had many whoppers, but I always thought "Still of the Night" was too much of a Zep rip-off, and I never really forgave Whitesnake for releasing a remixed, poppier version of "Here I Go Again." So this is my pick, which features an incredible solo by John Sykes and some tour-de-force vocals from Coverdale. I really would have liked to have seen Tawny slither (see what I did there?) to this one. Whitesnake gets a lot of derision these days, and I have two theories as to why. The first is simple: The band name sucks. The second, I think, comes from the fact that many people love to make fun of this era, as I've said before. I can't blame them. This era, like Disco, really makes you wonder what the fuck we were all thinking. But like Disco, this era put out a lot of great music that's unfairly judged because of all the costumes and hair and overall silliness. Whitesnake absorbs quite a bit of that today because they weren't quite Bon Jovi, Def Leppard, Guns and Roses or Motley Crue, bands that people still love today without shame. But Whitesnake was bigger than most other bands such as Quiet Riot, Cinderella and probably even Ratt. They already were a fairly established band when "Whitesnake" was released, and that album sold millions and was huge. HUGE. So people remember them as much as Def Leppard, but they don't carry the same nostalgia as Leppard does and therefore people don't mind throwing darts their way. Whitesnake is probably the Village People of the hair metal era. We can be honest, though: Rudy Sarzo probably didn't need to lick the neck of his guitar in those videos quite that much either.
P.S. After Tawny kinda wigged out and beat up her baseball husband, it took away a bit of the luster of her on that car, didn't it? Bowling For Soup's "1985" video nailed the parody.
• "Sweet Child O' Mine" by Guns and Roses — I honestly couldn't decide between this one and "Welcome to the Jungle" and "Paradise City" and "Rocket Queen" and...I think you get the point. What an amazing album. It still holds up today: Pull out the CD (oh don't lie, you do TOO still have it) and give it a whirl. I chose this song because Slash's solo is one of the best on any song, ever. Slash was hair metal's Jimmie Page, a guitarist who could play solos that matched the songs rather than tossing some fast scales and tricks around for 30 seconds.
• "Cum On Feel The Noize" by Quiet Riot — Yeah, it's a cover, but really, does anyone associate Slade with this song? (Slade had a big hit of its own. Remember "Run Runaway"? I do.) Quiet Riot proved it could write their own song with "Metal Health," but this by far their best single. Even the verses sounded as good as the chorus. I remember seeing them on the TV show "Solid Gold," and to their credit, they actually chose to play their song live, rather than just lip synch it like 95 percent of all the other groups.
• "You Give Love A Bad Name" by Bon Jovi — I didn't really get Bon Jovi, even if I thought "Runaway" was a good song. Bon Jovi seemed like a bunch of pretty boys that had zero good songs (besides "Runaway"), and yet all these girls wore their shirts and thought Jon Bon Jovi was dreamy. Then I heard this song and instantly loved it, and I could not BELIEVE it was Bon Jovi. So I sighed, bought the album, popped in the cassette and...wow, ticked off the hits, one by one. Sure enough, "Livin' On A Prayer," "Wanted Dead or Alive" and "Never Say Goodbye" (yuck) followed. Classic record. Easily one of the best from the era, and eventually that alone will put this band in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame one day. I was sorely tempted to put "Livin' On A Prayer" in this list too but I wanted to follow my rule.
I find it interesting that this band still seems to have major credibility. I realize Motley Crue and Def Leppard still tour, but I don't think there's any doubt that most people who go to those shows are there to see them sing their classic hits. Most other hair metal bands only tour small clubs or package themselves with other hair metal bands to land bigger concerts. But Bon Jovi is still seen as more than a nostalgia act and draws big crowds on its own. It had a big hit, "It's My Life," many years after this era (even though the song sounded like it came from the band's hair metal days).
• "Prime Mover" by Zodiac Mindwarp — What a name, right? Sometimes a band that has no business even making a record drinks some really good gin or smokes a magic mushroom and writes an incredible song that is far catchier than it should be. This is that song, a messy masterpiece that even manages to avoid many of the trappings of the hair metal era and therefore could honestly be on the radio today without too many giggles.
• "Round and Round" by Ratt — If you forced me to pick a favorite song out of this whole list, this might be it. There's some serious nostalgia here, as this was the first hair metal song that truly hooked me after I discovered Motley Crue and became more comfortable with listening to heavy metal, and the video STILL cracks me up. But it's still an incredible riff, terrific chorus and a great duel guitar solo. Perfect song. Ratt, like W.A.S.P., was a touch underrated. They had almost as good a catalogue as Def Leppard. Seriously. "Lay It Down" is another monster, and there are a dozen others, like "Way Cool Jr.," "Wanted Man" and "You're In Love." But Ratt never had one of those sappy ballads that drew in the girls, and the guys in the band had a bit of a creepy look to them. It seemed to me only the more serious hardcore metal chicks (and I dated a couple) really liked Ratt, whereas everyone, even the cheerleaders, liked Def Leppard.
Whatever. That's what made me like Ratt even more.






          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Eclipse 05-29-2016 with Z-rock, Rico, And Mimi The Masala        
Playlist:

Ichiban- Manifest - 12
Gang Starr- You Know My Steez - Moment Of Truth
Geto Boys- Yes Yes Yall - The Foundation
Mos Def- Ghetto Rock - Sex Love Money Ghetto Rock EP
HiFidel Dj Crucial- Burn - Traveling Between St Louis And Chicago
Immortal Technique- Bin Laden - 12 Single
Beastie Boys- Shes Crafty - Licensed To Ill
Mikey Fresh Panama Soweto Jiggy Thomson And Bella Scratch- Feels So Good - 12
Krs One- Just Like That - 12 Single
Slick Rick OutKast- I Wanna Rock Freestyle - 12
Nice Smooth- Hip Hop Junkies - Aint A Damn Thing Changed
Diggin- Be A Father To Your Child feat Ed OG And The Bull Dogs - Park Jams Vol 1
KRSOne- Sound Of Da Police - Return Of The Boom Bap
Lords Of The Underground- Chief Rocka - Here Come The Lords


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/101/playlistDate/2016-05-29
          Eclipse 04-10-2016 with Z-rock, Chris Nathan, And Rico        
Playlist:

Immortal Technique- Rich Mans World - Occupy This Album
Us3- Cantaloop Flip Fantasia ReRecorded Remastered - Cantaloop Flip Fantasia ReRecorded Remastered Single
Paris- Change We Can Believe In feat Sandy Griffith - Pistol Politics
Lords Of The Underground- Tic Toc - Once Upon A Time In 94
RZA As Bobby Digital- You Cant Stop Me Now feat Inspectah Deck - Digi Snacks Bonus Track Version
DJ Quik- Born And Raised In Compton - The Best Of DJ Quik Da Finale
The Game- Anything You Ask For - GAME
Special Ed- Think About It - Youngest In Charge
Soul City Studios- Daylight - 12
Mikey Fresh Panama Soweto Jiggy Thomson And Bella Scratch- Feels So Good - 12


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/101/playlistDate/2016-04-10
          Eclipse 11-15-2015 with Z-rock, Chris Nathan, And Rico        
Playlist:

Gang Starr- Execution Of A Chump No More Mr Nice Guy Pt2 - Step In The Arena
E40- Captain Save A Hoe feat DShot BLegit Suga T The Click - The Mail Man Original Master Peace
Slick Rick- Teenage Love - The Great Adventures Of Slick Rick
UTFO- Ya Cold Wanna Be Wit Me - Hits
Guru- Lost Souls - Jazzmatazz Vol 2 The New Reality
DJ Cavem Moetavation- We Are Because They Were feat Panama Soweto Molina Speaks Tajai Speech - The Produce Section The Harvest
De La Soul- The Bizzness - Stakes Is High
De La Soul- Stakes Is High - HipHop Legacy Vol 2
Mikey Fresh Panama Soweto Jiggy Thomson And Bella Scratch- Feels So Good - 12


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/101/playlistDate/2015-11-15
          Eclipse 04-06-2014 with Dj Cavem, Dj Rsquare, Dj Deep Rawk        
Playlist:

DJ Cavem Moetavation- We Are Because They Were feat Panama Soweto Molina Speaks Tajai Speech - The Produce Section The Harvest
Various Artists- Burning Spear Marcus Garvey - This Is Reggae Music Golden Era 19601975
Earth Amplfied- Food Fight - Earth Amplfied
DJ Cavem Moetavation- Home Cooking feat Antique Neambe - The Produce Section The Harvest
Fred Wesley The JBs- Damn Right I Am Somebody Pts 1 2 - James Browns Funky People
Supa Nova Slum- Energy - Supa Nova Slum
- voicebreak -
Afrika Bambaataa The Soul Sonic Force- Planet Rock - Planet Rock EP
SaRoc- Endustry Industry - Journey Of The Starseed
The Reminders- If Only I Could Fly - Recollect
DJ Cavem Moetavation- Wheat Grass - The Teachers Lounge
Men In Burka- Tears 4 Haditha Street Mix - Lyari Nights
2mx2- Hold Tight feat The Reminders - Gmo Genetically Modified Oppression
- voicebreak -
2mx2- Go Home feat Ze Of The Diamond Boiz - Gmo Genetically Modified Oppression
- voicebreak -
2mx2- The Cure For Cancer - Gmo Genetically Modified Oppression
- voicebreak -


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/101/playlistDate/2014-04-06
          Where to stay in Panama to get a view of the Canal?        
I will be staying in Panama just to overnight - arriving already in the evening - therefore I would like to have at least a glimpse of the Canal. Anyone know of an hotel from where I can see the canal? Already tried The Country Inns & Suites Panama Canal (Amador) and B&B La Estancia but they are fully booked. Albrook seems to have very bad reputation, any other advice? Consider that I am a woman travelling by herself...Thank you!
          For Sale: 4x4 1999 Mitsubishi Nativa in Peru with additions        
we are a traveling family with 3 kids and drove from Costa Rica to Peru.

we are selling our 4x4 1999 Mitsubishi Nativa which is in a GREAT condition and equipted with many additions for a great travel. the car has panamanian plate and the ownership transfer is very easy and simple.

the car includes a family tent, chast cooler, AC converter, great stero system, vehicle gear, we added a rear "cage" the securely holds the cooler and additional food box and more!!!

this is a great car to travel in this continent and you can find parts everyware! we never had any problem since, unlike other vehicles (e.g. from Europe), this car is common.

as for the car:
1999 Mitsubishi Nativa
4WD (4x4)
Red color
V6 3.0 Gasoline motor
no mechanical problems whatsoever! Great condition
great external and interior condition
price: 11k USD-negotiable

so if you like to get more info and pics, let us know.
          Grow food for collapse        
SUBHEAD: Getting ready for a sustainable lifestyle takes more practice than most people suspect.

By Juan Wilson on 6 August 2017 for Island Breath -
(http://islandbreath.blogspot.com/2017/08/grow-food-for-collapse.html)


Image above: "Occupy the Farm -  Take Back the Tract". From a film "The Wisdom to Survive: Climate Change, Capitalism & Community" From (http://www.spiritualityandpractice.com/films/reviews/view/27313).

A few decades ago back on the mainland in rural north-west New York state my wife Linda and I did a website named The Gobbler. See TheGobbler. It followed a printed version that we put out eight times a year and distributed to local businesses and to subscribers through the 1990s: 
The Gobbler was a seasonal & regional journal from
the Chautauqua Lake area of New York with a
Green Philosophy towards nature, spirit, art and politics.

The Gobbler was been part chronicle, part almanac,
part journal of fiction and even environmental newsletter.
The area we focused on was within what used to be called "courtin' distance" to our place in Panama, New York. "Courtin' distance" was how far a boy might travel to visit a girl and get back home to finish his chores before dinner. We thought that covered an area of about 50 square miles.  

A lot of that area around our place was either state conservation land, trailers on old lots,  and Amish or "English" farms. Some gravel covered roads near us had no power or telephone lines. You might see a horse and buggy there.

The point is that that is where we are headed back to - that is if we can survive the times we are in right now. Printed local publications, some telephone and maybe even telegraph communication. If we're lucky there will be some ham radios left too.

What there will not be are high resolution small portable screens with stereo sound and motion and touch detection that absorb hours of our days and know more about us than we do. We will more likely be using those Samsungs, iPhones and tablets for drink coasters and sushi plates.

Here in Hawaii, where there is close ground water (until the rain cycle fails,) all the added sunlight, humidity and CO2 which have created an environment that is causing the plants to grow like crazy.

Find a place and grow food now!
The moral of the story is to start growing as much food as you can immediately. Don't wait for the kids to be gone or retirement. Don't wait for the money to buy that homestead or farm.  Join a community garden or start one.

We are getting closer to that time when the shipping containers crossing the the Pacific (on the water or in the air) won't be coming cheaply and reliably. When that occurs we will really be on our own.

A worldwide reset is on the way. When completed there will be far fewer people and much less available energy for getting work done. We will all be on our way to a life like the indigenous Hawaiians or the faithful Amish.

We will all be on a path back to something like the 17th to 19th century - if we're lucky. And it is going to take quite a bit of practice to get along in that world.

Getting a headstart is not only fair, it is required.

Hone your skills. As Dmitry Orlov said on several occasions "Collapse now and avoid the rush!"

Below is a video of a talk given by Orlov about that subject (less than two weeks after "3/11" the Fukushima Daiichi triple meltdown).


Video above: "The Wisdom to Survive: Climate Change, Capitalism & Community". From (https://youtu.be/7QLIOuRS1n4).


Video above: "The Collapse -Dmitry Orlov". From (https://youtu.be/Ecfxl1wZDpE).

See also:
Ea O Ka Aina: Find and Limit Ourselves 2/17/17
Ea O Ka Aina: Capitalism is a form of Cancer 10/7/16
Ea O Ka Aina: How about a "Grown" economy? 10/11/16
Ea O Ka Aina: From Here on Down 8/4/15
Ea O Ka Aina : Oases on a future Eaarth 6/28/15
Ea O Ka Aina: The Last Straw 12/17/14 
Ea O Ka Aina: Worse than you think 5/21/14
Ea O Ka Aina:Things won't get back to normal 2/10/14
Ea O Ka Aina: The New Game 11/10/13
Ea O Ka Aina: Food, Water, Energy & Shelter 1/31/13
Ea O Ka AIna: Embrace the Change 7/24/12
Ea O Ka Aina: Trick or Treat! 10/31/11
Ea O Ka Aina: Last Trip to the Moon 5/10/11
Ea O Ka Aina: The Five Year Plan 3/4/10
Ea O Ka Aina: All Aboard! 12/9/09



.

          Panama Papers firm says it was the victim of a hack        
That gigantic Panama Papers leak revealing the sometimes shady tax haven dealings of the wealthy? If you ask the law firm the data came from, it's no leak at all... it's the fallout from an attack. Mossack Fonseca co-founder Ramon Fonseca tells Reuters that this "is a hack," not the action of of a rogue insider. His company even has a theory behind the hack that it's investigating, but he won't say what that is -- he'll only say that the firm has filed a complaint, and that there's a "government institution" looking into it.

Via: BBC

Source: Reuters


          Huge data leak reveals the hidden wealth of the rich and famous        
In one of the biggest data leaks ever (even larger than the NSA wires leak in 2013), Panama-based legal firm Mossack Fonseca has seen 2.6 terabytes of its private data leaked to journalists. Shared with German newspaper Suddeutsche Zeitung, it was then spread to a wider network of journalists globally -- 370 reporters from 100 media organizations have looked into the leak for a year. The research has already unearthed that 12 national leaders, including monarchs, presidents and prime ministers, have been using offshore tax havens, including a $2 billion paper trail that leads to Russia's Vladimir Putin. Meanwhile, FIFA's attempts to clean itself up faces fresh criticism after the leak appears to connect executives being investigated to members of the ethics committee itself.

Source: The Guardian, Reddit


          Activision hires Rudy Giuliani for Manuel Noriega's Call of Duty lawsuit        
Manuel Noriega in Call of Duty Black Ops II

If you think that ex-dictator Manuel Noriega's lawsuit over his appearance in Call of Duty: Black Ops II is more than a little ridiculous, you're not alone. Activision has filed a motion to dismiss the former Panamanian leader's complaint before it ever reaches a courtroom, citing a California statute that prevent lawsuits threatening free speech. As attorney Rudy Giuliani (yes, that Rudy Giuliani) explains, it's "absurd" that a ruler convicted of crimes against his own citizens would demand compensation from a company that's exercising its civil rights. If Noriega won, he could set a precedent where historical personas and their families could ban appearances in any media format.

Source: Activision


          Former Panama dictator Manuel Noriega is suing Activision for putting him in Call of Duty        
Manuel Noriega in Call of Duty: Black Ops II

The studios behind the Call of Duty series may have garnered some extra sales by putting real people into their over-the-top shooters, but it looks like that strategy could land them in court. Former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega has sued the games' publisher, Activision, for using his likeness in Call of Duty: Black Ops II without his permission. He argues that he's entitled to damages because his presence both violated his publicity rights and helped "heighten realism," leading to added profits that should have been his.

Via: BBC

Source: Courthouse News Service


          Incredipede crawls onto mobile, 'feels wet and slimy'        
Incredipede has wobbled its way to mobile, available now for $4 on the App Store and Google Play. The mobile version of Incredipede retains most of the pretty wood-cut art and graphics of the PC version, with only a few effects disabled, and it has a few improvements for touchscreens.

The "what's under my fat finger window," as developer Colin Northway calls it, allows players to make detailed adjustments to Quozzle, the game's creature, even on tiny screens.

"Building creatures in Incredipede is especially visceral on touchscreens," Northway says. "Pulling legs out of Quozzle with your finger feels wet and slimy. It adds a whole new dimension to the game and has made the sandbox my favorite mode."

Colin Northway and his wife, Sarah Northway, famously travel the globe while developing their games, and Incredipede mobile is no different. They shipped this one from a tiny island in Panama, and they've also sent out games from Mexico, the Philippines and Costa Rica. See beautiful photos of the Northways' adventurous indie lives in their Flickr album.

Source: @ColinNorthway


          Papo & Yo's howls, grunts, steps and chirps are straight out of Panama        


"I can watch any five-second clip and think about the amount of hours that were put into it to make it sound just that way."

Papo & Yo Sound Designer Brian D'Oliveira isn't exaggerating – he traveled to Panama to capture unique, authentic sounds for the game, with a pledge to not use any pre-existing or canned noises. If Quico, the main character in Papo & Yo, ran across a tile roof in the game, D'Oliveira and his team actually walked across a tile roof. The same went for mud, water, dirt, foliage, the ambient jungle noises, animal sounds and ticking cogs throughout the game.

D'Oliveira trudged through the tropics for some of the noises, and for others he brought the tropics to the studio, to record in a controlled, aurally clean environment. The result is a complex blend of nature noises, befitting an emotionally complex game. Papo & Yo is out now for PC, currently on sale on Steam for $13.50 through April 28.
          Google Maps adds live traffic for over 130 cities, boosts existing coverage        

Google Maps adds live traffic for over 130 cities, boosts existing coverage

Google has expanded its Maps traffic coverage before, but rarely on a grand scale. The search giant isn't standing on tradition this time: it just flipped on live traffic data for at least the major roads in over 130 cities. Most of the coverage centers around smaller cities in the US, although Google is tipping its hat to Latin America with first-time support for Bogota, San Jose (in Costa Rica) and Panama City. Coverage has also been improved in a dozen other countries worldwide. While the widened reach still won't ease the burden of anyone already caught in a traffic jam, any democratization of smarter driving directions is good in our book.


          Video from South Korean launch of new iPad        

Today Apple launched the new iPad in an additional 12 countries around the world. While eleven of the countries -- Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela -- are relatively small markets, the new iPad also went on sale in South Korea, one of the most technologically advanced countries on the planet and one of the major tech markets in Asia. Check out the video below, first posted by Apple 2.0, to see South Korean Apple fans lining up for the new tablet at a local Apple reseller.

Apple's new iPad international rollout isn't done for the month either. One week from today on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. The new iPad will then be available in 56 countries around the world.


          New iPad launching in 21 additional countries this month        

Apple today issued a press release announcing the new third-generation iPad will go on sale in another twleve countries starting on Friday, April 20. Notably, one of the twelve is the important South Korean market. The other eleven countries include Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Then one week later on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. Both the Wi-Fi and 4G models will be on sale and available through Apple's online store and at select Apple Authorized Resellers.

The new iPad will be available in 56 countries around the world as of April 27th.


          iPhone 4S arriving in Hong Kong, South Korea and a number of other locales on November 11th        
Apple is getting ready to add a whole slew of new locations to its iPhone 4S world domination plan. Starting November 11th, the company's latest smartphone will be available in Hong Kong, South Korea and 13 additional countries, including Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Malta, Montenegro, New Zealand, Panama, Poland, Portugal, and Romania. Pre-orders for those locations (save for Albania, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malta, Montenegro and Panama) will begin on the 4th. The handset is currently available in 29 countries -- that number will increase to more than 70 by year's end. Press info can be found after the break.
          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


           A synopsis of the Bromeliaceae of Panama, including new records for the country         
Cáceres Gonzáles, Daniel A. , Schulte, Katharina, Schmidt, Marco, and Zizka, Georg (2011) A synopsis of the Bromeliaceae of Panama, including new records for the country. Willdenowia, 41 (2). pp. 357-369.
          biodata daniel radcliffe        

Daniel Radcliffe More at IMDbPro Â»

Date of Birth
23 July 1989, Fulham, London, England, UK

Birth Name
Daniel Jacob Radcliffe

Nickname
Dan

Height
5' 8" (1.73 m)

Mini Biography
Daniel Jacob Radcliffe was born on July 23rd, 1989 to Alan Radcliffe and Marcia Gresham. He began performing in small school productions as a young boy. Soon enough, he landed a role in David Copperfield (1999) (TV), as the young David Copperfield. A couple of years later, he landed a role as Mark Pendel in The Tailor of Panama (2001), the son of Harry and Louisa Pendel (Geoffrey Rush and Jamie Lee Curtis). Lee Curtis had indeed pointed out to Daniel's mother that he could be Harry Potter himself. Soon afterwards, Daniel was cast as Harry Potter by director, Chris Columbus in the film that hit theatres in November 16, 2001, Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone (2001). He was recognized worldwide after this film was released. Pleasing audiences and critics everywhere, filming on its sequel, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002), commenced shortly afterwards. He appeared again as Harry in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004) directed by Alfonso Cuarón, and then appeared in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005) directed by Mike Newell. Shortly afterwards, he finished filming December Boys (2007) in Adelaide, Australia, Kangaroo Island, and Geelong, Australia which began on the 14th of November, 2005 and ended sometime in December. On January 27th, 2006, he attended the South Bank Awards Show to present the award for "Breakthrough Artist of the Year" to Billie Piper. Dan reprised his famous character once again for the next installment of the Harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2007). In February 2007 he took on his first stage role in the West End play Equus to worldwide praise from fans and critics alike. He has finished filming the TV movie My Boy Jack (2007) (TV), which will air on 11 November 2007 in the UK.

Now being one of the world's most recognizable people, Daniel leads a somewhat normal life. He has made friends working on the Harry Potter films, which include his co-stars Rupert Grint and Emma Watson.

          Panama – nowa odmiana rzepaku ozimego w ofercie Agrii        
Firma Agrii pod jesienne zasiewy proponuje zarejestrowaną w 2016 odmianę mieszańcową rzepaku ozimego Panama. To odmiana o wysokim potencjale plonowania i bardzo dobrej odporności na choroby.
          Financial Crime: KYC Across the Whole Customer Lifecycle        

Man holding KYC sign

Several top global banks have made it into the press again — for the wrong reasons, reasons to do with international money laundering schemes. From facilitating trading with companies in sanctioned countries, to moving cash for Russian launderers to channeling Mexican drug money, these banks were caught and assessed steep fines by regulators. Even worse is the reputational damage that comes from not .

These banks probably thought they were taking the “risk-based approach” that is at the center of most anti-money laundering (AML) regulations and know your customer (KYC) appraoches. But were they doing enough? Did they truly know the customer, their business and the relationship? Did they understand who stood behind the customer – where the funds were coming from?

Over the past years, regulatory pressure on banks has increased and resulted in more sophisticated risk-based approaches that require banks to consider much more information on the customer and implement effective measures to mitigate risks. Still, financial institutions often fear that a customer does not want to open an account if they are asked too many questions. So they only ask a limited set of questions and check third-party data sources to enrich the data with information such as beneficial owner, and to check against:

  • Lists of politically exposed persons (PEPs)
  • Sanction and watch lists
  • Adverse media
  • Data bases such as the Panama Papers, Bahamas Leaks, etc.

But still that’s not enough for an effective customer risk view. Financial institutions also have to classify a customer. Our recommendation is to use both:

  • Rules-based risk classification that can put somebody into a high-risk segment if, for example, you detect any kind of business relationship with a high-risk country, or if there is inconsistent information provided by the customer or detected about the customer.
  • Analytical methods to automatically find out if there’s something unusual (e.g., similarity to a previously filed customer). These are typically based on AI.

But the classification shouldn’t stop there. After onboarding, financial institutions have to have a transaction monitoring system in place to track each transaction for suspicious behavior. A mere rules-based monitoring should be complemented by powerful advanced analytics to be able to discover new, so far unknown patterns of crime.

Missing: An Enterprise Risk KYC View

Unfortunately, the important link between KYC actions during onboarding and the ongoing risk classification via transaction monitoring is still missing in many banks today. This causes two problems:

  • No risk classification on an ongoing basis, although any single transaction of a customer might have an impact on the customer’s risk situation
  • No detection of deviations in behavior when the customer’s real behavior does not match the KYC information and the information known about the customer

The result will be ineffective and inefficient controls with many false positives, and a heightened risk of missing the real unusual behavior for a client.

This is why we have not only integrated any kind of data into the KYC risk classification process supported by Siron® KYC, but also made any of the KYC information available in our transaction monitoring system, Siron® AML. This ensures our customers always know about the latest risk of any customer at any time.

Facilitating the entire KYC lifecycle process via modules of Siron®Anti-Financial Crime Solutions makes sure that the financial institution uses an audit-secure process at low cost that operates in the background and secures the reputation in an automatic and silent way.

Increased transparency on the customer’s business (especially in high risk areas) will be required soon. Looking at the upcoming 5th EU ML Directive we will see further data sources like central registries for beneficial owners and PEPs that also need to be integrated to track and manage customer risk throughout the life of the relationship effectively. Our job is to make this kind of enterprise-wide, cross-lifecycle view of a customer’s risk not only possible, but easy.

The post Financial Crime: KYC Across the Whole Customer Lifecycle appeared first on FICO.


          When It Comes to Flu Shots, the More Influenza Strains, the Better        
Researchers conducted a test of the new four-strain influenza vaccine, available for the first time this year, to determine how well it protected against the flu in young children. The four strain vaccine, which protects against four types of influenza–two viruses from the A class and two from the B class–does as good a job of protecting against flu than the three-strain shot, but is better at preventing moderate to severe disease than the traditional immunization. The international group of researchers, who described their findings in a report published in the New England Journal of Medicine, attributed the four-strain, or quadrivalent vaccine’s effectiveness to the fact that it contained both circulating B types of influenza. In previous years, in which only one of the B strains was included, the immunization had a 50-50 chance of being mismatched to the circulating virus, making it less effective. The scientists tested the quadrivalent flu vaccine in 2,379 children ages three to eight in Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Lebanon, Panama, the Philippines, Thailand and Turkey and compared their rates of flu infection to a control group of 2398 children who received a hepatitis A vaccine. The study was sponsored by GlaxoSmithKline, which donated both vaccines for the trial. Compared to the control group, the four strain vaccine was 55% effective in protecting against flu. That’s similar to the efficacy of the three strain shots, but, the research team found, the quadrivalent shot was 70% effective in preventing more serious cases of the flu; most of the children who did get sick after getting vaccinated only had mild symptoms. The four-strain shot also resulted in 69% fewer medical visits, 75% fewer hospitalizations, 77% fewer absences from school, and 61% fewer parent absences from work. That’s an important benefit, since flu can result in lost school days for children and lower productivity for adults. “The efficacy of the vaccine was higher against moderate-to-severe disease–a potentially important end point associated with the highest clinical, social, and economic burden–than against illness of any severity,” the authors conclude.
          Panama disease outbreak on Queensland banana farm prompts quarantine restrictions        
Biosecurity Queensland impose strict quarantine measures in far north Queensland after Panama disease is found at a Tully farm.
          Panamagate JIT to submit final report in Pak SC        
[Pakistan], July 10 (ANI) :The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) probing the offshore assets of Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his family in co...
          Hussain Nawaz appears before Panamagate probe team        
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif's elder son Hussain Nawaz arrived at the Federal Judicial Academy (FJA) here on Tuesday to appear for a sixth time before ...
          The Wearing of Hats        
Hats have gone in and out of fashion. In Greek and Roman times, the hat indicated freedom. In more modern times, the hat indicated your desire to stay out of the harsh frontier sun. What do hats mean now? I would like to think they still indicate a little about the person, even though we are in a "dressed-down" fashion trend these days.

The hat of all hats in my opinion is the fedora. Interestingly enough, the fedora was originally worn by women and soon adopted by men. Although, the fedora was not instantly iconic. It is rather a reaction of another hat, but more on that later. The fedora is a (typically) pinched front (tear drop usually) hat with a full brim that is usually pulled down over the eyes.

There are many variations hats (besides the baseball cap):

Porkpies (what Frank Sinatra wore and what you can stylishly get away with today without any undo pressure)


Standard Fedora (think Casablanca and a step up in class - if possible)


Hombergs (a favorite of Winston Churchill)


Bowler (left side)/Derby (right side and practically identical - just a rounder crown). One thing to note about the derby. It was originally the hat of a gentleman. With the coming of the frontier days and the introduction of a western hat, hat makers began to branch out and made a hybrid western derby, which was the birth of the fedora.


Panama - the classic from Ecuador. In fact, good panamas only come from Ecuador. Is there a better hat to smoke a cigar in? I think not.


Indiana Jone's Fedora (notice there is no "flip" to the back part of the brim)



Of course there is also the Western Hat and its many variations. I might get into that for a different post. Then there is the hooligan hat or driving cap or flat cap depending on where you are from. The fact of the matter is, wearing a hat is a style signature. You have to wear it with confidence. I think a lot of guys don't know how to wear anything but a baseball cap anymore (which should only be worn while playing or going to a baseball game in my opinion). Better yet remember when this was in style? LOL!



The sad thing is that visors persist in golf. Oh sad, sad days.

I digress; Here are some hat wearing guidelines to help you wear that stylish hat with confidence (hat etiquette):
  1. Go to a haberdashery that will help you find a hat to fit not only your head, but your face.
  2. Remove your hat when you enter a house, business, an elevator, or restaurant. Unless you really are a gangster or a cowboy, never wear your hat while having dinner.
  3. Touch the brim of your hat when you meet a friend and raise the front of the hat when you meet a lady friend.
That's about it. Otherwise make sure to dust your hat off with a medium stiff bristle brush, store it on a hat block if you can or a hat hook otherwise and don't set the hat on a flat surface or you will ruin the blocking of the brim. Otherwise enjoy your new status in the world with a fine hat.


          Comment on METAR Information for Panama by Django User Registration | luiscberrocal        
[…] Django Registration for Newbies […]
          Aposte no looks com chapéu neste inverno – Veja com usá-los!        

Aqui no Brasil, não temos o costume de usar chapéus. E o pior, muita gente tem o hábito de torcer o nariz para uma pessoa mais estilosa que saia na rua com o acessório.

No entanto, acredito que esse preconceito já está na hora de deixar de existir e, se tem uma estação perfeita para começarmos a usar chapéus, ela é o inverno. Vamos nos inspirar, meninas?

Começando pelo modelo Floppy que, na minha opinião, é o mais elegante. Ele tem o topo arredondado e abas compridas e flexíveis. Acho lindo com casacos pesados e com produções em tons invernais. E o bacana é que ele fica igualmente incrível com todas as cores e texturas de cabelo.

Os chapéus Fedora e Panamá são mais masculinos, no entanto, agregam muita personalidade ao look. É preciso ter mais atitude, no entanto, vejam como uma produção super simples com jeans e blusa listrada ficou muito mais bonita com o chapéu?

Se você está começando a se aventurar no uso da peça, a dica é evitar o contraste com a cor do cabelo: se você é loira, prefira os mais claros; se seu cabelo é escuro, prefira os pretos.

VEJA TAMBÉM:

chapeu no inverno

chapeu no inverno2

chapeu no inverno3

Esse modelo tipo boina é uma opção mais discreta e que pode substituir os gorros para proteger as orelhas do frio. E vejam como ele complementou muito bem todos os looks. E o melhor é que a Zara está repleta de peças como essa, algumas até na promoção. Então da para testar na loja e colocar em prática na vida real.

E vocês, o que acham dos chapéus? Já arriscaram algum look com o acessório? Qual dos modelos vocês acharam mais estiloso? =)

Foto: reprodução

luciana cabral


          Sunrise Airways se suma LAW en el desarrollo del enlace aéreo emergente entre Chile y Haití        
Por Ricardo J. Delpiano

Sunrise Airways A320 (RD)
Foto: Ricardo J. Delpiano
A pesar de que sus operaciones en Santiago comenzaron hace algunos meses, los vuelos de Sunrise Airways han pasado casi desapercibidos a pesar de que son protagonistas de una de las nuevas rutas aéreas emergentes de Chile.

Sunrise Airways es una joven compañía haitiana, la primera de los últimos años en un Estado fallido que no ve una aerolínea de transporte aéreo importante desde la desaparición de Air Haiti (1969 – 2001). Creada en 2010, comenzó sus operaciones en 2011 con vuelos chárter utilizando aviones en régimen de wet lease (o ACMI) a países cercanos, principalmente República Dominicana. Tras una interrupción temporal de operaciones en ese país por falta de pagos de seguros en 2016 -según indican medios dominicanos-, ha comenzado un nuevo ciclo aprovechando las oportunidades que brindan los fenómenos migratorios que por estos meses tiene a Chile como protagonista.

El plan de la compañía es crecer en una primera etapa con vuelos chárter aprovechando nichos de mercado para luego avanzar hacia operaciones regulares desde una base en Puerto Príncipe que conectará puntos en Cuba, República Dominicana, así como Norte y Sudamérica. Este año, incorporó su primer Airbus A320, que con matricula sudafricana, opera rutas hacia La Habana y la principal, Puerto Príncipe – Lima – Santiago con una modalidad chárter.

“El tipo de expansión que estamos llevando a cabo en el Caribe y en América del Norte y del Sur exige que continuamente invirtamos en aviones a jet modernos que ofrecen lo mejor en confort y fiabilidad”, dice Philippe Bayard, CEO de Sunrise Airways. “Nuestro nuevo A320, con asientos de First y Economy Class, continúa con nuestra misión de elevar la aviación caribeña a nuevos estándares”.

Los planes de la firma haitiana buscan conectar hacia 2018, Puerto Príncipe con La Habana, Camagüey, Santiago de Cuba, Santo Domingo, Santiago (Rep. Dominicana), Kingston, Providenciales, Naussau, Orlando y Santiago de Chile. En este último han iniciado los trámites para obtener su Certificado de Operador Aéreo (AOC) ante la Dirección General de Aeronáutica Civil (DGAC) con la intención de operar regularmente.

Hasta hace menos de dos años, Puerto Príncipe no formaba parte de la conectividad aérea de Chile y actualmente es uno de los destinos emergentes del país, como consecuencia directa de los movimientos migratorios. Anteriormente, cualquier tráfico entre Chile y Haití se debía realizar únicamente por Panamá con Copa Airlines o Miami con American Airlines o combinando con JetBlue vía Fort Lauderdale o Nueva York (JFK).

En 2016, Latin American Wings (LAW) se convirtió en pionera en atender el tráfico migrante haitiano por el aprovechamiento que hizo este pasajero de la ampliación de la oferta, a pesar de ser una indirecta a través de Punta Cana. La compañía opera hoy la ruta Santiago – Lima – Puerto Príncipe con al menos dos frecuencias semanales de carácter regular siendo una de las principales dentro de la creciente red de rutas. Si bien nació como resultado de un fenómeno específico, tiene la posibilidad de convertirse perdurar en el tiempo alimentado por una creciente demanda así como por la relación dependiente que se crea entre el migrante, el país que lo recibe y los vínculos que mantiene con sus nacionales (familia, amigos, instituciones) en su país.

La eventual instalación de Sunrise Airways generará el primer desarrollo de una rápida competencia en una ruta emergente. Por la características del negocio de las dos empresas, la chilena LAW está llamada a mantener la posición privilegiada que actualmente ostenta. Sunrise Airways ofrece dos clases de servicios (First y Economy Class) en su único avión configurado para un total de 150 pasajeros.

En el mundo moderno, los fenómenos migratorios generan desafíos para todos los países pero también crean nuevas oportunidades, especialmente para la aviación por el rol conector que posee. La realidad no es nueva. En el mundo moderno distintas líneas aéreas se han especializado en atender este grupo de viajeros como parte central de sus operaciones o como un complemento a sus respectivos modelos de negocios. A los vuelos entre África y Europa, como herencia directa del colonialismo, se han sumado en épocas más recientes los vuelos de bajo costo y tarifas bajas en Medio Oriente, entre esta región e India o más cerca entre México y los Estados Unidos.

Chile como país inserto en el mundo, tampoco ha estado ajeno a esta realidad. La migración forma parte intrínseca de nuestra historia con los colonizadores del sur de Chile o la migración peruana masiva en los años noventa. Hoy situaciones políticas han ampliado ese fenómeno a países de más al norte como Colombia, Haití y recientemente, también Venezuela, cuyos nacionales aportan a la creación de un país multicultural propio de los tiempos modernos. Según ha informado la Cancillería, este año han ingresado a Chile al menos 44.289 personas de nacionalidad haitiana en comparación con los 1.294 que han salido del país.

En ese contexto, el incremento de este tipo de viajeros puede traducirse en el corto mediano plazo en el surgimiento de una oferta especializada en atender al viajero étnico. De prosperar este segmento del negocio debiera entenderse como una consecuencia directa de estos fenómenos políticos-sociales que junto con ampliar las alternativas de viaje contribuyen a diversificar la conectividad del país y esto en desarrollar nuevos beneficios derivados directamente de la aviación.

          More Spring reading        

Hi folks, here's a nice, juicy reading list for that rainy Saturday afternoon. Well... it has stopped raining here but that should not stop you from reading!

Java

Slightly more hard core Java

Java in the future

A little bit of non-Java

Kubernetes

Systems, data stores and more

Time series

Some fun stuff

Until next time! Ashwin.

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-29-2014 with Gavin Dahl        
Playlist:

Wanda Jackson- Lets Have A Party - Wanda Jackson
Ernest Gonzales- Self Awakening Faunts Remix - Self Awakening EP
- voicebreak -
Luther Vandross- Never Too Much - Never Too Much
Slow Magic- Toddler Tiger - Triangle
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Ryan Hemsworth- Shouldve - No Plans
Break Science- Once In A While feat Sonya Kitchell - Seven Bridges
Kill Paris- Baby Come Back kill Paris Remix - Kill Paris
- voicebreak -
Harlem Underground Band- Aint No Sunshine - Harlem Underground
Elvis Costello The Roots- Stick Out Your Tongue - Wise Up Ghost
Alice Russell- Citizens - To Dust
Mayer Hawthorne- The Ills - A Strange Arrangement
- voicebreak -
James Brown The Famous Flames- Try Me - Number 1s
Various Artists- Betty Wright Paralyzed - Eccentric Soul The Deep City Label
- Del - Sedayeh Del Funk Psychedelia And Pop From The Iranian PreRevolution Generation
- voicebreak -
- Oh Ya Ya - Pop Yeh Yeh Psychedelic Rock From Singapore And Malaysia 19641970
- voicebreak -
Tinariwen- Aghregh Medin Hassans Song - Emmaar
Compilation- Diddy Wah Diddy - Bo Diddley The Chess Box Box Set
Bob Dylan- Simple Twist Of Fate - Bob Dylan Live 1975 The Rolling Thunder Review
Damien Jurado- Suns In Our Mind - Brothers And Sisters Of The Eternal Son
Beck- Country Down - Morning Phase
- voicebreak -
Lake- No Wonder I - Circular Doorway
Charlie Watkins- Back At The Station - The Cold Hand Of Justice
- voicebreak -
House Shoes- The Makings - Doover Vol 1
Invincible- Spacious Skies - ShapeShifters
Gabriel Teodros- Computer Love - The Lost Files Of Getazia 13
B Lewis- Your Shoes Untied - Mercury Backburner
Kill Them With Colour- Bad Remix - 12
- voicebreak -
Tampa Red- You Cant Get That Stuff No More - Sitting On Top Of The World
The Souljazz Orchestra- East Flows The River - Inner Fire
Quantic- Painting Silhouettes - Magnetica
- voicebreak -
Various Artists- Antibalas Che Che Cole Makossa feat Mayra Vega - Turntables On The Hudson 4
Orgone- Cruel Intentions - Killion Vaults
The Whitefield Brothers- Joyful Exaltation feat Bajka - Earthology
Various Artists- Its A Shame - Studio One Funk
- voicebreak -
- Two For The Time - Beats With Devotion
Aether- Orfeu Negro - Artifacts
Jesse Boykins III- B4 The Night Is Thru - Love Apparatus
Clubfeet- Cape Town Panama Remix - Heirs Graces The Remixes
AU- Get Alive - Both Lights
Alterfix- We Got The Skills - We Got The Skills
Qwel Maker- El Camino - Owl
- Snowball - Wwoz Sounds Of New Orleans Vol 38
- voicebreak -


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2014-04-29
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-03-2013 with Wally        
Playlist:

Delicate Steve- Wally Wilder - Positive Force
Brad Mehldau- Dear Prudence - Largo
The Blind Boys Of Alabama- I Shall Not Be Moved - Ill Find A Way
Dr Dog- Nellie - BRoom
King Khan The Shrines- Pray For Lil - Idle No More
Full Belly- Nairobi Sasquatch - New Voice
Moe- Okayalright - Wormwood
Ralph Stanley- Looking For The Stone - Mountain Preachers Child
Snubluk- Little Drops Of Poison Tom Waits Remix - Remix Tape Volume 1
DJ Cavem Moetavation- Artichoke Heart Chakra - The Produce Section The Harvest
Diplo- Will Calls Grizzly Bear Remix - Single
Patterson Hood- Fifteen Days Leaving Time Again - Heat Lightning Rumbles In The Distance
Water Babys- Binary Bird - Water Babys
West Water Outlaws- Real Killer Live Acoustic Bonus Track - Real Killer
Diane Coffee- WWWoman - My Friend Fish
Pretty Lights- Yellow Bird - A Color Map Of The Sun Deluxe Version
The Wood Brothers- Wastin My Mind - The Muse
The Babysitters- Spin A Top - Have A Seat
Jake Schepps The Expedition Quartet- Cousin Sally Brown - An Evening In The Village The Music Of Bla Bartk
The Infamous Stringdusters- Walking On The Moon - Silver Sky
Paper Bird- Past The Sky - Rooms
Ladysmith Black Mambazo WEnglish Chamber Orchestr- Homeless - No Boundaries
The Widows Bane- Schtucken Nist In Harts - Dont Be Afraid Its Only Death
Sharon Jones The DapKings- 100 Days 100 Nights - 100 Days 100 Nights
DeVotchKa- Sunshine - 100 Lovers
Dirty Few- Whiskey Business - Get Loose Have Fun
Thao The Get Down Stay Down- Brand New Key - The Feeling Kind EP
The Railsplitters- Longs Peak - The Railsplitters
Rubedo- Aint It Funny - Love Is The Answer
Faceman- Fullmetaljacket - Feedingtime
Equalibrum- Return Journey - Lift Off
The Dendrites- Sizzle - Ref 1
The Reminders- They All Know - Accumen1
Man Mantis- Maybe I Could Have Once - Sojourn 3 Single
Pizza Time- La Verdad - Quiero Mas
Cate Le Bon- Are You With Me Now - Mug Museum
RJD2- Ghostwriter Remix - The Horror Deluxe
Gregory Alan Isakov- Amsterdam - The Weatherman
Department Of Eagles- No One Does It Like You - In Ear Park
Foxygen- Bowling Trophies - We Are The 21st Century Ambassadors Of Peace Magic
New Riders Of The Purple Sage- Panama Red - The Best Of New Riders Of The Purple Sage
The Moondoggies- Dont Ask Why - Adis Im A Ghost
Steve Itterly- Whats The Point - Flirtin With Mermaids
Arctic Monkeys- Do I Wanna Know - AM
Metronomy- A Thing For Me Breakbot Remix - A Thing For Me EP


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2013-12-03
                  
14 de Abril
Día de las Américas
 Esta fecha conmemora la fundación de la Unión de las Repúblicas Americanas, posteriormente llamada Unión Panamericana y a partir de 1948 Organización de los Estados Americanos (OEA).
Fue celebrada por primera vez el 14 de abril de 1931 como símbolo de la unión voluntaria de distintos países del continente americano.
Actualmente, la OEA está integrada por más de treinta y cinco Estados que buscan consolidar una agenda con temas comunes. El espíritu de esta unión responde a la consolidación de relaciones diplomáticas para velar por los estados de paz en el continente.

¿Qué países celebran el día de las Américas?
Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, República Dominicana, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haití, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Perú, Estados Unidos, Uruguay y Venezuela
Fuente: Organización de los Estados Americanos


          Comment on Panama City’s forgotten Seminole War forts by Patricia M. Crisp        
Most interesting, Dale. THANKS for doing all of this writing! We are SO indebted to you! Thank you, Lord, for letting Dale be able to do all this writing and videoing!!! He is Your miracle!!! Pat
          Gatos que vêm do Panamá        
Marcela Duarte , colega de ZH que, como eu, gosta de fotografar gatos quando viaja, mandou sua contribuição para a seção GATOS DE VIAGEM . Ela fotografou esses bichanos quando foi, recentemente, ao PANAMÁ . Embora adore gatos, nunca tinha me perguntado por que eles gostam tanto de lugares altos, como mostram as fotos da Marcela. Encontrei duas respostas razoáveis: 1 - Buscam lugares seguros, livres de ataques de quem quer que seja. 2 - Do alto, têm uma visão melhor, podem observar o mundo e monitorar seu território. São bons motivos, não?
          Interview of Robert C. Newcomb by Raimund E. Goerler        
Interview of Robert C. Newcomb by Raimund E. Goerler Newcomb, Robert C. Robert Newcomb served as Navigation Officer on the icebreaker USS Glacier during both Operation Deepfreeze I and II to Antarctica. In 1947 he was commissioned an ensign in the U.S. Navy, and while assigned to the aircraft carrier, the USS Kearsarge, was introduced to the science of navigation, an interest he pursued for his entire career. After one year he was named executive officer and navigator, and later commanding officer, of the minesweeper, the USS Pigeon, during which time he mastered dead reckoning, as well as celestial and electronic navigation. In 1955 Newcomb was named navigator of the USS Glacier, one of the largest and most powerful icebreakers built at the time. Its first assignment was to proceed to McMurdo Sound in Antarctica, with earlier stops en route at Panama and New Zealand. The voyage was very rough in the far southern waters; the ship would roll 65 to 70 degrees, but it performed splendidly. Patrick Maher was the Commanding Officer and was an experienced and effective skipper, well liked by his entire crew. Apart from Captain Maher, few of the crew had had any previous experience in Antarctica. The Glacier also transported several important scientists who planned to study flora and fauna in the oceans and on ocean bottoms. By and large the military and civilian personnel worked well together, although Newcomb noticed occasional minor tension between Admirals Dufek and Byrd. As the ship approached Antarctica, navigation through the ice fields was a great challenge. Celestial navigation was useless in an environment of near or total day light, as were magnetic compasses that far south. Dead reckoning had to be used. This too was challenging due to the need for constantly changing directions as the ship plowed through the ice. Another difficulty was that during Deepfreeze I and II most of the nautical charts were made from aerial photographs that did not show the depth of water. At times the ship had to break through ice ten to twelve feet thick. On Deepfreeze I the icebreaker initially could not get within six miles of McMurdo Station, and the cargo had to be offloaded onto the ice for transport to the base. This too could be risky; once the driver of a D8 tractor fell through the ice to his death. The buildings for the base were pre-fabricated, and were assembled by Navy Seabees. No serious construction problems were reported. As for the scientists, they got busy immediately on their research projects. Once the ship was unloaded, the Glacier moved about and broke ice for others as a need arose. It was called upon to free a New Zealand ship, the Endeavor from the ice. Much work was also done on taking soundings and updating navigational charts. Similar tasks were undertaken during Deepfreeze II. As a result of his excellent service in Antarctica, a small bay there was named in his honor. In the years since his service in Antarctica, Newcomb has maintained contacts and friendships with many of his colleagues from the two expeditions. He does not recall, however, that his service there had any great impact on his subsequent naval career. He regards the greatest accomplishments of his navy career as commanding a minesweeper at age 27, serving as commanding officer of a destroyer, and being the navigator of the Glacier. Major Topics Service aboard the icebreaker USS Glacier during Operations Deepfreeze I & II Typical icebreaker challenges: Unloading cargo, navigation, moving through ice Anecdotes from his days in Antarctica Newcomb’s long career as a naval officer AGB, Icebreaker, US Coast Guard, p. 4 Byrd, Richard, Admiral, pp. 7-9, 15 CIC, Combat Information Center Dufek, George, Admiral, pp. 7-9, 15 Kalb, Bernard, reporter, pp. 6, 10 Maher, Patrick, Commander of USS Glacier, pp. 3, 6-7, 9 Shoemaker, Brian, pp. 10, 20 Siple, Paul, p. 8 Tressler, Willis, oceanographer, p. 6
          Interview of Donald McLean by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Donald McLean by Brian Shoemaker McLean, Donald Dr. Donald McLean, a medical doctor and surgeon, participated in the Ronne Antarctic Expedition during 1946 and 1947. After being interviewed by Finn and Jackie Ronne in Washington, D.C., McLean joined the ship in December 1946 for the voyage south to Antarctica. En route he visited Panama, Valparaiso and Punta Arenas. In Chile there was discussion about the wisdom of having two women, Jackie Ronne, and Jenny Darlington, wife of the pilot, Harry, join the expedition. In fact, they did so, and became the first women to over-winter in Antarctica. At first the two women were good friends, but when Finn Ronne demoted Harry Darlington as Chief Pilot of the expedition, even before the ship reached Antarctica, the women’s friendship abruptly ended. Approaching Antarctica, the ship anchored near Stonington Island. Admiral Byrd had established his East Base there previously, although it had since been abandoned, and was later ransacked by the Chileans and Argentines. There were 23 members of the Ronne Antarctic Expedition counting the two women. The British had already established another base just a quarter mile away. It had 13 members, including Bernard Stonehouse, an ornithologist. Ronne ordered the Americans to have little to do with the British. The Americans, however, did need to use the British dog teams to run cover for the planes. Most of the dogs Ronne had brought from home had died en route. What was left of the American dog team was unreliable. The dog teams also functioned as potential rescue backups for the planes in the event of a crash. One British plane crashed and the crew was rescued. Several dog sled trips were made to different locations. One trip of about 400 miles lasted for eight weeks. McLean participated with the British in one survey trip of several weeks across the Palmer Peninsula. Control points were surveyed where caches, including 50-gallon drums of fuel, could be left to service the planes. The British dog team also proved invaluable when one of the Americans, Harris-Clichy Peterson, fell in a crevasse, and with the aid of the dog team was found alive and rescued two days later. He suffered no permanent ill effects. Nelson McClary once tumbled 50 feet over the edge of a glacier, but he too was rescued unharmed. In fact Mclean reports there were no serious injuries or any serious illness during the Expedition, although he himself once suffered a broken ankle. The split between Finn Ronne and Harry Darlington caused tension in the camp. About one-third of the crew sided with the Darlingtons, about one-third with Ronne, and about one-third in the middle. One’s position at the dinner table was a clear indication of his personal relationship to Ronne. Darlington and Ronne always sat at opposite ends of the table. What Ronne really wanted from the team was “a great deal of respect, but didn’t get it because he didn’t seem to deserve it.” For example he resorted to petty punishments of his critics by taking away their jam and jelly. Despite Ronne’s objections, McLean cultivated a relationship with the nearby British team, especially the British doctor, Dick Budson. The British were never invited to visit the American base, and there was never any mutual socializing on holidays such as Christmas or New Year’s. McLean, however, visited the British base on several occasions for scones and tea. For many years he maintained a friendship with Kevin Walton. Years later, Walton gave McLean an American flag that he had stolen from the American base. McLean donated it to the Byrd Polar Research Center at Ohio State. There were several principal scientists on the Expedition. These included two geologists, Bob Nickles and Bob Dodson; Andy Thompson, a geophysicist; and H.C. Peterson, a cosmologist. As for Finn Ronne, McLean said that he did a great job of organizing and planning the expedition, including fund raising, but he was very petty in his criticisms and not a great leader. He once drew a beautiful map of a penguin rookery McLean planned to visit, but usually he was not seen as a sharing individual or one who had warm feelings for others. He had a “tremendous ego,” and sometimes became emotionally upset. Typically he would turn his back and walk away from confrontational situations. Most of McLean’s usual duties were not related to medicine. Aboard ship he stood regular watch, and took care of the sick dogs. On shore he helped Andy Thompson with his seismograph recordings. He sought to keep in personal contact with all team members, including Finn Ronne. Ronne did not come to realize until the end of the Expedition how little respect McLean had for him. McLean was very close to Harry Darlington and Andy Thompson, and they remained friends for life. Ike Schlossback was a valuable member of the expedition. He had been a submariner and a pilot, and was always friendly and fair. Many years later he lived with the McLean’s for two months before entering a retirement home. The Ronne Antarctic Expedition ended in March, 1948, and arrived back in the states in June. Their departure from Antarctica was facilitated by the icebreakers Edisto and Burton Island. Had Jenny Darlington not been pregnant, the expedition might have stayed on an additional year. McLean returned to active duty in the Navy and served for two years in Greenland. He became a specialist in micro-surgery. After his service in Greenland ended, McLean left the Navy and went into private practice in Alaska. But he considers his polar experiences to have been instrumental in his later interests and successes in life. Major Topics Recollections of the Finn Ronne Antarctic Expedition, 1947-1948 Leadership style of Finn Ronne Contributions of other team members of the Expedition Personal interactions and occasional conflicts Occasional contacts with a nearby British base, including use of their dog teams Adams, Chuck, pilot, pp. 4-5, 10, 25 Budson, Dick, British physician, pp. 17 Darlington, Harry, pilot, pp. 2-5, 14-16, 18, 22 Darlington, Jenny, wife of Harry, pp. 2-5, 16 Dodson, Bob, pp. 9, 12, 27 Gutenko, Sig, camp cook, pp. 11 Lassiter, Jim, head pilot, pp. 4-5 Latady, Bill, photographer, pp. 3, 27 McClary, Nelson, pp. 2, 9-11, 17, 26 Nickles, Bob, geologist, p. 19 Peterson, Harris-Clichy, expert on cosmic rays, pp. 9, 19 Robertson, Jim, airplane mechanic, p. 3 Ronne, Edith “Jackie,” wife of Finn, pp. 2-6, 16 Ronne, Finn, mentioned throughout document Schlossback, Ike, pilot, pp. 3, 9, 22-24 Stonehouse, Bernard, British ornithologist, p. 7 Thompson, Andy, geophysicist, pp. 2, 11, 19, 21-11 Walton, Kevin, member of British Antarctic team, pp. 7, 17
          Interview of John Hobbie Roscoe by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of John Hobbie Roscoe by Brian Shoemaker Roscoe, John Hobbie, 1919- John Roscoe, born in 1919, received an excellent education at Flushing High School in Syracuse, New York. He graduated from Syracuse University in 1940, and in 1941 earned a Master’s Degree there in Geography under George Cressy. His plans for pursuing a Ph.D. at UCLA in the field of cartography, with an emphasis on aerial photogrammetry and photo interpretation, were interrupted when he was urgently recruited to join the Intelligence Office for the Army Air Corps. He remained there until the spring of 1943 working as an interpreter of aerial photographs. He also wrote the manual for aerial photo interpretation, and was one of the very first persons to see the aerial photographs of damage to Pearl Harbor and Wake Island. In 1943 he was called to active military service as a Lieutenant in the Marine Corps. He continued his work as a photo interpreter at the Naval Photo Intelligence School. Later he was assigned to the European theatre of operations. He interpreted through aerial photographs the success of bombing raids in Germany, and he believed his team achieved a 99% success rate in interpretation. Soon after the war ended, Roscoe accepted an Associate Professorship in the Department of Geography at the University of Georgia, but before the first semester ended he was recalled to active duty. He was ordered to join Task Force 68 already on its way to Antarctica. He joined up with Admirals Byrd and Quackenbush in Panama. Roscoe was the only qualified photo interpreter on the expedition, named Operation Highjump. Byrd hoped to photomap as much of Antarctica as he could. Roscoe traveled aboard the command ship, the Mount Olympus, one of thirteen ships in the 5,000 man expedition. As they approached Antarctica they discovered that several hundred miles of the Ross Sea were completely blocked with solid floe ice. The submarine, the USS Stennet, was so badly damaged by ice that it had to return to Panama for repairs. The only two icebreakers on the expedition left temporarily to free the Stennet, and several ships, including the Mount Olympus were locked fast in the ice. Eventually all ships made it safely to an area of open water in the Ross Sea. Admiral Byrd flew into the base at Little America on the first plane. At the time, Byrd was at an advanced age, not well, retired from active service, and had no command. The two icebreakers, the USS Northwind, and the USS Edisto, had rejoined the expedition. Roscoe was a member of the initial landing party, a reconnaissance team, as it entered the abandoned base at Little America, established earlier by Byrd in 1939. The Seabees came next and carved a road through the ice ridges. Soon a tent camp was built, with five rows of ten four-man tents each. Each had a small pot bellied stove in the center. The mess hall was off to one side, and the airfield one-half mile away. Roscoe’s tent mates were Major Weir and Richard Byrd, Jr. Weir was head of the Marines that were flying. The Marines had two R4D aircraft; the Navy had four. One of the great difficulties in getting aerial films was because of the magnetic situation so close to the Pole it was difficult to interpret flight directions accurately. The compasses were off on the planes. For safety reasons two R4D aircraft flew together on photographic flights so that if one of them went down, the other could radio for a search team. All of the R4Ds and the American Mariners, flying boats, had trimetrigon film and camera settings. Another plane used to photograph wildlife and glacial formations was the OY-1, a small, single-engine aircraft. Admiral Byrd consulted Colonel Roscoe about planning photographic flights, and interpreting the films later on. Some twelve correspondents, representing radio networks and national newspapers, were on the mission. Although the relationship between Byrd and Roscoe was tumultuous at times, on the trip home at the end of the expedition, Byrd named Roscoe his envoy to the Prime Minister of New Zealand. Roscoe,along with the twelve correspondents, were all given an extensive tour of New Zealand. The expedition continued on to the United States. After the conclusion of Operation Highjump, Roscoe left the service, and worked in Navy Intelligence as a civilian. He worked for a time as the Navy representative to a military working group, the genesis of what in 1949 would become the Joint Staff of the military branches. Later he agreed to work as the Air Force representative on this committee. Roscoe returned to Antarctica the following year as a member of Operation Windmill, to map “control points.” These were needed to make accurate maps, and were points for which the exact latitude, longitude, and elevation had been determined. Two icebreakers, the Burton Island and the Edisto made the trip. Roscoe represented Naval Intelligence, but he went as a civilian. His principal responsibility was to interpret aerial photographs. He also constructed cairns holding metal claims markers (claiming certain territories for the United States) at various points along the coast, including Haswell Island, a penguin rookery, McMurdo Sound, and Victoria Land. He also landed on virtually inaccessible Peter the First Island. Here he collected a skua, and a Chinstrap penguin, both of which he later had stuffed. He also took home a female sled dog, who back in Washington gave birth to 16 pups. As a result of his work with aerial photographs he named several glacial ice floes. Roscoe also visited Little America, now covered with ice since the previous expedition, Operation Highjump. The rows of tents and the R4D aircraft were all buried in ice. One aircraft engine was dug out and it worked fine. Also a Weasel vehicle was chipped out of the ice and it also ran well. Once Operation Windmill concluded, Roscoe returned to duty with the Navy in Washington, D.C., and worked to assemble a bibliography on Antarctica that later was published. It categorized every expedition separately, including the old ones. As Operation Deepfreeze was being planned by Byrd and others, Roscoe, a civilian, was assigned by the Navy to work with Byrd. By then Roscoe and Byrd had developed a close working relationship. Byrd was a principal advisor in planning for the International Geophysical Year (IGY) in 1956-57. He returned to Antarctica in Deepfreeze I, but Roscoe did not, although he served as Byrd’s scientific and international affairs advisor. He made all the arrangements for the interchanges of people to send to foreign expeditions. In Washington he worked closely with Harry Dater, and Vi Malcolm, the last Commanders of the WAVES. Their office in Washington was in the Executive Office Building, next to the Blair House, and across the street from the White House. On his final trip to Antarctica, Operation Deepfreeze I, Byrd was accompanied to Antarctica by Paul Siple. Roscoe remained in Washington to run the office. Byrd became ill while there, cut short his trip, and after his return home he died in April, 1957. Shortly before the death of Admiral Byrd, Roscoe resigned from Civil Service and accepted an attractive position with the Lockheed Corporation. He designed the photographic system for the first American satellite. The Russians had just launched their Sputnik satellite. Roscoe never returned to the polar regions. He recalled various ways his polar experiences had affected his life. He found the Antarctic continent absolutely beautiful. It went beyond “black and white” colors since there were many shades of white, all of which Roscoe had learned to interpret as he studied aerial photographs. He also had become acutely aware of the dangers of the continent. He used the data he gathered there to earn his doctorate from the University of Maryland in 1952. His six-volume dissertation was on the morphology of the Antarctic continent. He used Operation Highjump photographs plus some others. He also edited a 5000-entry bibliography on the Antarctic in 16 languages. Roscoe also served as Vice President of the American Polar Society from 1957 until (at least) 2002 (the date of this interview). Roscoe continued to add to his impressive polar library, and suggested that he might be willing to donate it to the Byrd Polar Research Center. He suggested names from time to time for Antarctic features. He cooperated with publishers of such projects as Burrell’s Board of Place Names and Geographic Names of the Antarctic. He served on the Board of the Polar Times, and occasionally contributed to an article. A glacier was named for Roscoe. Since his retirement from Lockheed in 1982, Roscoe has developed an interest in history, and has done much reading and some research on the Crusades and the Knights Templar. He has also been an active member of the Masons. Major Topics Details about Operations Highjump, Windmill, and Deepfreeze in Antarctica Role of Admiral Richard Byrd in Antarctic explorations Pioneering role of Roscoe in interpreting aerial photography in Antarctica Personal and professional challenges in Antarctic exploration Contributions of various participants in Antarctic exploration Roscoe’s post-polar career at Lockheed and elsewhere Apfel, Earl, geologist, p. 51 Behrendt, John, member of IGY expedition, p. 55 Butters, [?], Captain USMC, pp. 63-64 Byrd, Admiral Richard, mentioned throughout Byrd, Richard, Jr. pp. 86-87 Chaney, [?], Admiral Byrd’s Chief of Staff, p. 36 Cox, Charles, p. 18 Cruzen, Richard, Admiral USN, p. 12 Darlington, Jenny, pp. 55-56 Dater, Henry “Harry”, pp. 74, 76-77, 91-92 Dufek, Admiral George, p. 88 Frazier, [?], deputy commander on the Burton Island, pp. 51, 53 Fuchs, Bunny, p. 110 Gooderham, pp. 12-13 Gould, Lawrence, Antarctic explorer, p. 65 Hillary, Sir Edmund, p. 111 Howard, August “Art”, founder of the American Polar Society, pp. 28, 112-14 Ketchum, Hank, commander of the icebreaker Burton Island, pp. 51, 53 Law, Phil, pp. 102-03 Lyon, Waldo, pp. 18-19 Mawson, Douglas, Australian polar explorer, pp. 101-02 Pearson, Drew, Newspaper columnist, pp. 45, 64 Peterson, Pete, physicist, pp. 55-56, 68-69 Quackenbush, Robert, Rear Admiral USN, p. 12 Ronne, Finn, explorer, pp. 54, 68 Ronne, Edith “Jackie,” wife of Finn, pp. 54-55 Shinn, Gus, pilot, pp 41-42 Shirley, Charles, chief photographer, p. 15 Siple, Paul, geographer, pp. 26, 36-37, 74, 76-77, 88, 112 Siple, Ruth, pp. 26-27 Sullivan, Walter, science writer, pp. 23, 25 Victor, Paul Emile, French pilot and explorer, pp. 75-76 Weir, [?], Major, pilot, pp. 35, 37, 64 Wilkins, Sir Hubert, polar explorer, pp. 19, 102
          Blog Post: Bullet Dodge, Shoot, Cover, Burst, Cover, Bullet Dodge, Shoot, Die, Restart        

"I was at the end of my rope. I couldn't dodge it any longer. My copy of Fuse was eying me, begging me to review it, but I had one last shot. The last ace up my sleeve. I jumped over the couch in slow motion as my mom asked me what the hell I was doing as HEALTH starts playing."

This is my review of Max Payne 3 for PC.


"Scott Shelby from Heavy Rain? Man, the guy just couldn't catch a break, but he caught my bullets."

Max Payne 3 is a third person shooter. It's not action adventure, as there's no puzzle or platforming elements. There's no branching story, and the HUD is so minimalistic that it's actually less visible than even the darkSector HUD.  It's linear with tightly closed off levels and uses set piece moments as if it were Uncharted. How on earth could I possibly give this game a 10/10? Well, to put it simply, because Rockstar shows Naughty Dog and its copy cats how to do a linear third person shooter right. With style, originality, and a freshness that's like a shock to the brain and will probably make some shooters look downright bland by comparison.

It's not even appropriate to cal the game a third person shooter. You certainly are in an over the shoulder shoot out in every level, but the approach is far more cinematic while still retaining substance. Rather than just give you recharges to your bullet time meter every so often, the game only rewards it for keeping the fight pressing the fight by firing bullets at enemies while dodging theirs either by using the bullet dodge move (effectively a slow motion jump in any direction that gives you free bullet time even if you lack it, but also leaves you potentially vulnerable due to moving) or holding out behind cover. Headshots give an instant boost, and you can chain them together using bullet time to make Splinter Cell's Sam Fisher and his Mark and Execute move look like a cheat code.

Likewise, while Max may be on a linear path, he can effectively try to use anything as cover, be it by crouching or by using the soft-cover button. Combining this with the liberal use of free aim (your aiming reticule is always a single centered dot in your vision that goes red when targeting enemies) makes battle strategies far more varied. If you get knocked down with painkillers (the game's version of medkits), you even go into Last Stand mode where your next bullet, if it hits your killer, will revive you and give you a fighting chance to survive. You can also carry two pistols at once along with a single two handed weapon -- which inexplicably has to be dropped if you want to dual-wield your pistols. Do yourself a favor on PC and reassign the the key 3 to the two handed weapon instead of the dual pistols, otherwise you will likely drop your rifles without wanting to. This allows for a variety in weapon selection, although weapons are limited to only a few options per level, so you don't ever feel overwhelmed with choices.


"It was in that moment, I realized the horrible truth. The windows weren't glossy, they were just that filthy..."

The game strongly encourages you come to terms with its unique control scheme and options, as ignoring them often seriously hinders your ability due to just how damn unforgiving the game is.I tried at brief points to not predict enemies and just play it like a standard shooter, and often was met with three bullets to the face. You have to use every advantage Rockstar gives you, especially considering how cut throat and aggressive the AI is. They will flank you, they will use grenades (which you inexplicably don't have access to in the singleplayer campaign), and they will kill you. They will kill you, a lot. I'm saying that as a guy who waltzed through Dead Space 2 on Hardcore across two different platforms, who usually is first to third place in Killzone 3 multiplayer, and who beat Dark Souls' first boss without dying. This game, will steal, your lunch money. It will beat you down, but it will be, nine times out of ten, very fair about it. There are a few cheap shots that test your reflexes or require you know a pill container is around a corner that you never noticed, but most of the time, it's purely your own failure -- a good example being when you enter Last Stand mode, but realize your gun is out of ammo because you were spamming it wildly or weren't paying attention, leaving you to die anyway despite the chance at salvation.

Not only is this not a bad thing, it's a great thing, as the game provides a sense of challenge I thought developers had long since forgotten. This is a modern Wolfenstein. However, it is not a heartless game, as it will help you if you repeatedly fail at a section. Two deaths bring you back to full health and with a small portion of bullet time -- enough to get one headshot if you're quick. Repeated deaths beyond this slowly net you painkillers and more bullet time. I learned how the system worked during a shoot out in an office where I was low on health and severely out matched. It took nearly seven if not more tries to survive, even with the bonus painkillers. (Note: I have not tested this on Hardcore difficulty)

The change in how I played the game from beginning to end was astounding. As a beginner, I might try to just turtle it out at the door way, but as a pro, I could use bullet dodge, get behind a desk, use burst to spam a line of bullets from my handheld machine gun into the nearest gun toting gang members, and then duck for cover as their buddy comes up with a shotgun, firing bullets over the cover with blindfire to keep him at bay. You learn to predict your shots, aim faster, and respond to situations far more actively and intimately than the standard fare of run and gun. It pays to practice and experiment, especially considering you can gain experience for the game's other modes while playing the singleplayer campaign, and that's not the only thing you'll find while playing.


"For the life of me, I couldn't quite figure why they kept this section, but I trudged on like the drunk I was."

Throughout the game, you can collect evidence that provides narrated exposition about various aspects of the story, similar to Bioshock's audio tapes but far more organic and congruent to the present situation. The entire main plot is narrated by Max, but as a result his actual present persona has very little to say for a significant part of the campaign. Max is content to sit back, drink, and pop pills until the shooting starts. Once it does, rarely does anyone saying anything but screams or necessary dialogue -- maybe a moment of snark here or there but thankfully no Nathan Drake level of talking that makes you wonder how anyone even is focusing on the battle.

The main story thread is a solid one, excluding an awkwardly paced set of New Jersey flashbacks and a mission in Panama that literally seems to serve no purpose beyond padding out the game and turning two characters into a different light that could have been done in a far more time-efficient manner. This isn't to say these sections are bad -- there's no real part in the game I could particularly look back to and say "no, that was AWFUL, skip that" -- but they feel misplaced, as if Rockstar was in the middle of editing when 2K burst in and told them to get it out the door (considering the delays, I doubt this was the case). Most of the characters who stay alive for more than two chapters some how relate to the conspiracy building around Max. We know from the beginning that he's being played, but by who and why is left to your guess until near the end of the second act, when it starts to become very clear both who is trying to pin the blame on you and why they are willing to throw a veritable army's worth of goons at you. If only your partner Passos stopped calling you "bro" so often, and if we had less interludes of Max drinking, it might be a narrative on par with Bioshock Infinite (it certainly is more cohesively put together), but those few hang ups may not matter to you.

An important side note I want to bring up: I have a friend who actually lives in Sao Paulo. While at present he's only seen press video of the game's portrayal of his home city, he has stated that they are generally accurate, except that the favelas (poor areas) are not nearly in as bad a state as shown in the game. However, if they were to say this game is set in Rio, it would apparently be 100% accurate. If he has any further comments on the matter I will update this particular paragraph of the review and if necessary the score according to what he finds when he finally plays the game.

And dare I say it, the set piece moments in this game do help sell the story. Not because they are specifically beautiful or amazing, but because they continue the inventiveness and challenge of the core gameplay. Most of them require you pull off an insane amount of kills in a brief amount of time using specific weapons while moving -- feeling more like elaborate bullet dodge moves with scripted changes. A sequence where you snipe aboard a helicopter early in the game in particular was stand out, although it hardly compares to some of the final levels. There is one section in which you have a large airport terminal to shoot through. and it is probably one of the best unscripted third person sequences ever imagined, let alone executed perfectly.


"The easter egg flew past, and was gone in a moment."

This isn't all that there is to Max Payne 3 though. While the solid story campaign will keep you playing for easily over twelve hours, there are three additional modes of play, two of which come free and out of the box. Arcade Mode puts you through the same missions that you've played before, but with various variants, such as completing each level in under a minute (headshots give you time boosts of six seconds), meeting specific challenges that push your strategies to the limit, or being able to place your own modifiers on each level -- with everything from a black and white aesthetic and old school controls to explosive bullets and rampaging lone wolf AI enemies. You can gain experience in this mode as well as perform "grinds" (see: Achievements) that impact your unlocks in the final free mode, the multiplayer mode.

Gamers wary of multiplayer added to normally singleplayer games should not be worried -- this isn't some basic Call of Duty rip off, nor is it a half-baked idea like Dead Space 2's competitive multiplayer. This is a fully fleshed out, heavily involved multiplayer that Rockstar is continuing to support even this far after launch. Loadouts are weight based but also require unlocks, and all weapons from the main game are supported. How you build your loadout and perks seriously impacts how you move and shoot in the game's competitive multiplayer. While I wasn't deeply keen on the default PC controls in multiplayer (they work far better in singleplayer), you can either get used to them or reassign them (having CRTL as sprint? Really, Rockstar?). The community is a bit broken up and isolated, but if you can find a good group to play with, the polish in the singleplayer shines through. Pulling off kills and activating match shift perks is enjoyable. Due to the limited number of players though, I have only gotten to try Team Deathmatch, and await getting to try the other modes, one of which is said to be similar to Killzone 3's Operations mode but with branching paths for the multiplayer narrative.

The last mode of play is sadly behind a pay wall of ten dollars. Dead Men (Co-op), with a name that seems to smirk in the face of Kane & Lynch, is a surprisingly satisfying mode. One player takes on the role of Max, the other as Raul Passos, his partner through most of the game. Together you fight increasingly intense waves... and I'm not sure if there's even an end. During my time playing the mode, my partner and I survived up to wave 33, and there was no clear end in sight. It also surprisingly takes a note from Zombie Mode from Treyarch's CoD entries by having purchasable items, areas of the map, and boosters via a currency known as "grit". The only downside in this mode is that the overhead speaker is supposed to be a reporter and he has VERY few lines to add to the situation. He grows old fast, while the waves of baddies don't. There is also the issue of, at present, only two maps being available to play, although they are quite large and offer a lot of replayability.


"It was like- screw it, you know what? I don't have time for monologues, I need to shave this beard!"

Max Payne 3 really surprised me. I expected the stereotype Rockstar action experience that I had known in my previous attempts to enjoy their games. I expected the linearity and action set pieces to bore me and irritate me as much as they bugged me in Uncharted. I expected a lot of things, and it's clear that in the end, I truly misjudged Max's ability to get the job done, just like his opponents in game. The singleplayer alone is worth the purchase, and if you can get some friends or find a group of people who still play it on your platform of choice, you have to do yourself a favor and give the multiplayer a try. While some of the multiplayer addon packs might seem a bit overpriced for what they offer, the co-op mode is worth it with a friend in hand, especially if you're a big fan of buddy cop action movies.

"After all the bullets had fired and the clips ran out, I looked down and was unharmed. Maybe a few scrapes, a few bruises, but in the end, I was still a 10/10."

Cheers,
Paradigm the Fallen

I'm all out of painkillers...

Trivia: This is the first and so far only Max Payne game not made by Remedy, instead developed by Rockstar. There has been some controversy amongst Max Payne fans about the changes in tone and context of the narrative since the original games were somewhat less serious and far more noir focused.

Max Payne 3 is available at Gamestop, Amazon, Steam, PSN, and XBL for any price ranging from $9.99 to $49.99, usually $29.99.


          El hambre de sus familiares empuja a las venezolanas a prostituirse en el extranjero        

Voluptuosas mujeres venezolanas ofrecen sus servicios sexuales en Madrid, Paramaribo o Panamá para enviar remesas y alimentar a familiares que se quedaron en el país sudamericano.

AFP / EL NACIONAL WEB

El motivo de la proliferación de prostitutas de Venezuela, que fue considerado hasta hace poco una meca del petróleo y reinas de belleza, es una debacle económica y política de tal magnitud que ha llevado al 82% de sus 30 millones de habitantes por debajo de los límites de la pobreza. CLIC AQUI para seguir leyendo...


Recibe nuestras actualizaciones por E-Mail. SUSCRÍBETE GRATIS AQUI


Tu opinión vale mucho…


          Die längsten und kürzesten Flüge der Welt        
Ab Februar 2016 fliegt Emirates den ersten Direktflug von Dubai nach Panama City. Ihre Maschine fliegt den längsten Flug der Welt in 17 Stunden und 20 Minuten und auf dem Rückflug ganze 15 Stunden und 45 Minuten. Zu weiteren Giganten der Lüfte gelten die australische Fluggesellschaft Qantas die 13.800 Kilometer mit der Boeing 747-400 von […]
          Weekend Events March 18-20        
Looking for Panama City Beach events? Bookmark our Events section! Things are heating up around these parts, and this week is looking like it has all the potential to make last [...]
          Weekend Events- Bay County in Full Swing        
Looking for Panama City Beach events? Bookmark our Events section! Wow. A little sunshine and the whole town sets their activity volume to Eleven. Due to the sheer volume of [...]
          Weekend Events – Eclectic!        
Looking for Panama City Beach events? Bookmark our Events section! If the sun shines, we will plan it, execute it and revel in it.   Proof of this statement lies in [...]
          Weekend Events- Arts, Walks & Music!        
Looking for Panama City Beach events? Bookmark our Events section! Spring is in the air, and all across town our community is coming alive. Everyday, you can literally feel people [...]
          Weekend Events- Festival, Doo-Wop & Roller Derby        
Looking for Panama City Beach events?  Bookmark our Events section! As usual, our sleepy little town is proving to be anything but that.  This weekend offers a variety of events filled [...]
          Congressman Southerland to Present at “First Friday”        
Congressman Southerland to present at “First Friday” Friday, February 4: The Bay County Chamber of Commerce will hold it’s monthly morning meeting “First Friday” at the Florida State University Panama [...]
          Büyük Ä°stanbul Tüneli’nin zemin etüdü başladı        
3 katlı Büyük Ä°stanbul Tüneli’nin zemin etüdünü yapmak üzere Fugro Scout, bir ay Boğaz’da inceleme yapacak. Ä°stanbul Boğazı’nın altından hem karayolu hem demiryolu ulaşımına uygun tasarlanan 3 katlı Büyük Ä°stanbul Tüneli için ilk somut çalışma başladı. Günde 6 milyondan fazla yolcu taşınması planlanan tünelin zemin etüdünü yapmak üzere Panama bayraklı Fugro Scout adlı araştırma gemisi Boğaz’a girdi. Panama bayraklı […]
          Malhure Wildlife Area        
We started our Birding adventure at the beginning of a 10 mile run , one way. 
Mr. Southern even stopped in Frenchglen, on our way back and bought us a ice cream. Yum,Yum.
This litttle guy is a Yellow-Bellied Marmont.  They live in rocky area such as valleys , foothills, mountains.

The Malhure National Wildlife Refuge , a National Wildife Refuge is some 30 miles from Burns, Oregon.

These are some of the sites we had the pleasure of seeing on our outing.
The "Baby Fawn" was hiding were his Mommie put him.  He was not moving at all. 
The ducks are found in swamps, marshes,and slow rivers.  DesertDale thinks this is a Mallard  with her chicks.
The Yellow Warbler winters in as far south as Panama.
The Eastern Kingbirds are found at wood edges, river groves, farms, roadsides.
This is Benson Pond near the end of our run. There are many ponds in the area.

We have made this run every day since 6/28/16, in the morning .  Today was our best.
Enjoy the stay , even with those things they call mosquitos.
Kitfoxgal




 

          Recycling company gifted huge tyre pile to Panamanian shelf company to avoid EPA, court hears        
The secret owners of a "Panamanian shelf company" lose a legal bid to stop Victoria's environmental watchdog from clearing the notorious Stawell tyre stockpile, in the state's west.
          (Review) Galveston: A History of The Island by Gary Cartwright         
Publication Date: 1991
Publisher: Atheneum, Macmillan Publishing Company
Genre: Nonfiction, History of Galveston, Texas
Edition: Hardcover
Pages: 344
Source: Library
Rating: Very good

Amazon

I was born and raised in Houston. I've only been to Galveston Island a few times. On one of those visits I remember touring the historic Moody Mansion. My dad was not interested in any beach, worry over his freckled skin kept him away. At one time my mother loved it, and during her youth she spent many days sunbathing on the beach. However, on September 1, 1957, my mother's first husband went wade fishing at San Luis Pass early in the morning. While fishing he stepped off into a sink hole and drowned. After this horrible event, my mother was not as interested in Galveston.
My husband's family has roots in Galveston. My father-in-law was born in Galveston. My husband's paternal grandmother grew up there. Her father was an engineer. He helped build the seawall. He also helped build the Panama Canal. My father-in-law has a large architectural drawing of the Panama Canal.
My husband's aunt Lily, and her late husband Lloyd, have lived at West Bay, on the Island, since the late 50s or early 60s. They were Galveston Island fishing guides. She was the first woman fishing guide in the state of Texas. Lloyd Pepper built custom fishing rods. Uncle Lloyd passed away last December.
The following links are on this well-known couple of Galveston:
West Bay Guides Have Seen Changes
Gulf Coast Closeup

Gary Cartwright begins the account of the history of Galveston with a grand tour of the Island. This tour is from what the Island looked like in the early 90s. I don't know what has changed since Hurricane Ike in 2008. This chapter is interesting, he gave a personalized tour, from one side of the Island to the other.
Further chapters are on the earliest known history of the Island, the Karankawas, Cabeza de Vaca, Spanish pirates, Jean Lafitte, African slaves, Sam Houston, the war of Texas Independence, the Civil War, the Great Hurricane of 1900, the building of the seawall, a new city government, gambling, prostitution, the revitalization of Galveston in the 1970s; and the main families who were the wealthy influencers of the Island. These families were the Moodys, Sealys, and Kempners.

A few things I learned.
  • The people who live on Galveston Island simply call the place the Island.
  • Bolivar Roads is where the ships pass through. However, I wonder if the name has changed since the writing of this book.
  • Galveston survived the Great Depression without problems.
  • Details of the Great Hurricane of 1900 and its aftermath I'd not known. This includes a 2 story pile of debris that was as wide as 6-8 city blocks. This debris was caused by the enormous push of the water on the Island. When the water retreated, the debris was left.
A few places in the book Cartwright shares gossipy information about the three main families, and the prostitution and gambling rackets. For me, this was interesting, because people are interesting. This information whether it is nice or not is apart of the history of the Island.




          [Vidéo] Social Media Revolution        

Une vidéo superbement réalisée... et qui amène à la réflexion sur les réseaux sociaux comme twitter ou facebook....

Is social media a fad? Or is it the biggest shift since the Industrial Revolution? Welcome to the World of Socialnomics

Je vous préviens, vous allez avoir votre dose de statistiques pour la semaine par contre :)

   *   By 2010, Gen Y will outnumber Baby Boomers -- 96 percent of them have joined a social network.
   * Social media has overtaken porn as the number one activity on the Web.
   * One out of eight couples married in the U.S. last year met via social media.
   * Years to reach 50 millions users: Radio, 38 years; TV, 13 years; Internet, 4 years; iPod, 3 years. Facebook added 100 million users in less than nine months; iPhone applications hit 1 billion in nine months.
   * If Facebook were a country, it would be the world's fourth largest, between the United States and Indonesia.
   * Yet, some sources say China's QZone is larger, with more than 300 million using their services (Facebook's ban in China plays into this).
   * ComScore indicates that Russia has the most engaged social media audience, with visitors spending 6.6 hours and viewing 1,307 pages per visitor per month -- Vkontakte.ru is the number one social network.
   * A 2009 U.S. Department of Education study revealed that, on average, online students outperformed those receiving face-to-face instruction.
   * One in six higher education students are enrolled in online curriculum.
   * Eighty percent of companies use LinkedIn as their primary tool to find employees.
   * The fastest growing segment on Facebook is 55- to 65-year-old females.
   * Ashton Kutcher and Ellen DeGeneres have more Twitter followers than the entire populations of Ireland, Norway, and Panama.
   * Eighty percent of Twitter usage is on mobile devices. People update anywhere, anytime. Imagine what that means for bad customer experiences!
   * Generation Y and Z consider e-mail passé. Boston College stopped distributing e-mail addresses to incoming freshmen in 2009.
   * What happens in Vegas stays on YouTube, Flickr, Twitter, Facebook...
   * YouTube is the second largest search engine in the world.
   * Wikipedia has more than 13 million articles. Some studies show it's more accurate than Encyclopædia Britannica. Seventy-eight percent of these articles are non-English.
   * There are more than 200,000,000 blogs.
   * Fifty-four percent of bloggers post content or tweet daily.
   * Because of the speed in which social media enables communication, word of mouth now becomes world of mouth.
   * If you were paid $1 for every time an article was posted on Wikipedia, you would earn $156.23 per hour.
   * Facebook users translated the site from English to Spanish via a Wiki in less than two weeks and cost Facebook $0.
   * Twenty-five percent of search results for the world's top 20 largest brands are links to user-generated content.
   * Thirty-four percent of bloggers post opinions about products and brands.
   * People care more about how their social graph ranks products and services than how Google ranks them.
   * Seventy-eight percent of consumers trust peer recommendations.
   * Only 14 percent trust advertisements.
   * Only 18 percent of traditional TV campaigns generate a positive ROI.
   * Ninety percent of TiVo users skip ads.
   * Hulu has grown from 63 million total streams in April 2008 to 373 million in April 2009.
   * Twenty-five percent of Americans in the past month said they watched a short video on their phone.
   * According to Jeff Bezos, 35 percent of book sales on Amazon are for the Kindle when available.
   * Twenty-four of the 25 largest newspapers are experiencing record declines in circulation because we no longer search for the news -- the news finds us.
   * In the near future, we won't search for products and services; they will find us via social media.
   * More than 1.5 million pieces of content (Web links, news stories, blog posts, notes, photos, etc.) are shared on Facebook daily.
   * Successful companies in social media act more like Dale Carnegie and less like David Ogilvy -- listening first, selling second.
   * Successful companies in social media act more like party planners, aggregators, and content providers than traditional advertisers.

          Mexico wins 1st World Cup qualifier in US since 1972         
  • Mexico's Hector Herrera, right, falls to the ground as United States' Matt Besler looks for the ball during the second half of a World Cup qualifying soccer match Friday, Nov. 11, 2016, in Columbus, Ohio. (AP Photo/Jay LaPrete)

COLUMBUS, Ohio (AP) — A pro-American crowd of 24,650 chanted "Dos a cero!" at the start.

Mexican supporters yelled "Dos a uno!" as they left.

Rafa Marquez scored a tiebreaking goal on a header in the 89th minute, giving Mexico a 2-1 victory Friday night and its first victory at the United States in World Cup qualifying since 1972.

After winning four straight home qualifiers against Mexico by 2-0 scores — all in Columbus — the U.S. hoped to open the final round of the North and Central American and Caribbean region with another victory. Instead, the Americans began the hexagonal with a loss for the second straight cycle, and they play Tuesday night at Costa Rica, where they have never won in qualifying.

"It gets a sense of anger in us. It gets a sense of absolutely urgency," U.S. coach Jurgen Klinsmann said. "It's not a problem, but it's obviously disappointing."

Miguel Layun put Mexico ahead in the 20th minute, but Bobby Wood tied it in the 49th.

The U.S. dominated the second half before the 37-year-old Marquez, unmarked and drifting across the penalty area at the near post, got a glancing nod on Layun's corner kick. The Mexican captain lifted the ball over goalkeeper Brad Guzan for his 17th international goal.

Mexico's previous win at the U.S. in qualifying was also by a 2-1 score, at the Los Angeles Coliseum.

"I think we deserved this match," Layun said. "We were focused."

Klinsmann said John Brooks was supposed to mark Marquez on the corner kick. Jozy Altidore blocked the defender from getting there.

"We lost him there. Individual mistake," Klinsmann said.

The Americans had been 30-0-2 at home in qualifying since a 3-2 loss to Honduras at Washington's RFK Stadium in September 2001.

"They're very good in terms of when they have a little time circulating the ball, and they start to find space," American captain Michael Bradley said.

Guzan had lost the U.S. goalkeeper job to Tim Howard, who started at the last two World Cups. But Howard pulled a muscle in his right leg on a goal kick and was replaced in the 40th minute.

Howard was to have a scan Saturday, a day before the U.S. travels, and Klinsmann said Howard likely will miss the match at Costa Rica.

"He knows it's not looking that good," Klinsmann said.

The top three teams in the six-nation round qualify for the World Cup, and the fourth-place country advances to a playoff.

With the U.S. struggling early in what Klinsmann called a 3-4-3 formation, Mexico could have led 3-0. Howard tipped Jesus Corona's 10th-minute shot off a post and Carlos Vela's 25th-minute header hit a crossbar.

"Out midfielders didn't get into the one-on-one battles we expected them to," Klinsmann said, citing Jermaine Jones and Bradley.

After switching to a more familiar 4-4-2 in the 27th minute, the Americans began to find their rhythm, and Wood scored off a pass from Altidore.

It was 44 degrees at game time, half the 90-degree temperature for the 2013 match in Columbus, when the U.S. clinched its seventh straight World Cup berth.

Mexico went ahead after Bradley and Giovani dos Santos battled for the ball 30 yards out. The ball skipped to Layun, who took a touch, and his right-footed shot deflected off Timmy Chandler past Howard's left for his fourth international goal in 46 appearances,

Wood tied the score after Brooks forced a turnover. Altidore turned his defender and passed to Wood, who took two touches as he split defenders. His 8-yard, left-footed shot deflected off a leg of Layun for his eighth goal in 28 international appearances. Wood also scored against Mexico last fall during an extra-time loss in the playoff for a berth in the 2017 Confederations Cup.

Altidore and Wood have combined for seven goals in 11 games they've started together.

Notes: All three visiting teams had victories in their openers. Costa Rica won 2-0 at Trinidad and Tobago on goals by Christian Bolanos in the 65th and Ronald Matarrita in second-half injury time, and Panama won 1-0 at Honduras on Fidel Escobar's 22nd-minute goal. ... CONCACAF and Fox extended their Gold Cup agreement to cover the 2017 and 2019 tournaments. ... Mexico's Carlos Salcedo is suspended for Tuesday after receiving two yellow cards late in the match.

 

Section: 

          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          Sound Matters: Sex And Death In The Rain Forest        
A rain forest sings with the sounds of insects, birds, maybe a howler monkey or two. But scientists are discovering that some forest dwellers also communicate in ways humans usually can't hear — via ultrasound. A team from Dartmouth College has recorded these signals in treetops on a pristine Panamanian island called Barro Colorado , and slowed them down to make sense of them. The ultrasonic chatter, it turns out, is actually a complicated conversation between mating insects and the bats that aim to eat them. The insects are katydids , cousins to locusts and grasshoppers, which make their calls by rubbing their wings together. Some types live in North America, but the variety is nothing compared to the 250 or so species that live in Panama, where some behemoths are the size of a cell phone, and others are almost microscopic. Many look like they're in a Halloween costume, with funny looking helmet-heads or big horns. Hungry bats find them all irresistible. "Katydids are the potato chips
          Hanta Virus by Center for Disease Control & Prevention CDC        

Infection with hantavirus can progress to Hanta virus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS), which can be fatal. People become infected through contact with hantavirus-infected rodents or their urine and droppings. The Sin Nombre hantavirus, first recognized in 1993, is one of several New World hantaviruses circulating in the US. Old World hantaviruses, found in Asia, can cause Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS). Rodent control in and around the home remains the primary strategy for preventing hantavirus infection. All cases of Hantavirus infection are reported to and researched by the Viral Special Pathogens Branch (VSPB) of the CDC.



How People Get Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)

Where HPS is FoundCases of HPS occur sporadically, usually in rural areas where forests, fields, and farms offer suitable habitat for the virus's rodent hosts. The peridomestic setting (for example, barns, outbuildings, and sheds) are potential sites where people may be exposed to the virus. In the US and Canada, the Sin Nombre hantavirus is responsible for the majority of cases of HPS. The host of the Sin Nombre virus is the deer mouse
(Peromyscus maniculatus), present throughout the western and central US and Canada.
Several other hantaviruses are capable of causing HPS in the US. The New York hantavirus, hosted by the white-footed mouse, is associated with HPS cases in the northeastern US. The Black Creek hantavirus, hosted by the cotton rat, is found in the southeastern US.
Cases of HPS have been confirmed elsewhere in the Americas, including Canada, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Panama, Paraguay, and Uruguay.


Signs & Symptoms for Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)

Due to the small number of HPS cases, the "incubation time" is not positively known. However, on the basis of limited information, it appears that symptoms may develop between 1 and 5 weeks after exposure to fresh urine, droppings, or saliva of infected rodents.

Early symptoms
include fatigue, fever and muscle aches, especially in the large muscle groups—thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. These symptoms are universal.
There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. About half of all HPS patients experience these symptoms.



Late Symptoms

Four to 10 days after the initial phase of illness, the late symptoms of HPS appear. These include coughing and shortness of breath, with the sensation of, as one survivor put it, a "...tight band around my chest and a pillow over my face" as the lungs fill with fluid.

Is the Disease Fatal?

Yes. HPS can be fatal. It has a mortality rate of 38%.



Click here to learn more about Hanta Virus  and how to prevent yourself and your familily from contact  Hanta Virus

          Drobiarze czekają na umowy o wolnym handlu        
3 października prezydent Obama przekazał do Kongresu 3 umowy o wolnym handlu Stanów Zjednoczonych z Koreą Płd., Kolumbią i Panamą. Sektor drobiarski w USA przyjął tą decyzję z dużym zadowoleniem i oczekuje rychłego zatwierdzenia umów przez Kongres, ze względu na szansę ekspansji amerykańskiego eksportu drobiu - informuje FAMMU/FAPA na podst. ThePoultrySite.
          SIMÓN BOLÍVAR TAMBIÉN VIVE EN EEUU        


Publicado: 26 jul 2017 13:02 GMT
Tres analistas ofrecen a RT las razones por las que el prócer venezolano ha recibido tantos homenajes en suelo estadounidense.
Simón Bolívar también vive en EE.UU.
Simón Bolívar a caballo por Arturo Michelena.
wikipedia.org
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Este 24 de julio se cumplieron 234 años del nacimiento del caraqueño que lideró la revolución que daría la independencia a buena parte de América del Sur y que con suficientes méritos ganó el título de Libertador: Simón Bolívar (1783-1830).
Su historia se ha escrito, cantado y llevado al cine. Su rostro está en los billetes, su nombre en calles, avenidas, escuelas y universidades. Todas las plazas centrales de ciudades y pueblos en Venezuela tienen su rostro, su efigie o una estatua ecuestre.
Se trata de una presencia que abarca todos los espacios, como lo describió el poeta Pablo Neruda en su "Canto a Bolívar"
"Todo lleva tu nombre, padre, en nuestra morada:
tu apellido la caña levanta a la dulzura,
el estaño bolívar tiene un fulgor bolívar,
el pájaro bolívar sobre el volcán bolívar,
(…) tu herencia es el pan nuestro de cada día, padre".
Incluso, en un país con el que el Libertador jamás llegó a tener buenas relaciones, como EE.UU., su presencia es inocultable.

En suelo estadounidense

Ya desde 1819, reseña 'El Universal', se tienen registros de localidades estadounidenses dedicadas al héroe venezolano: Condado de Bolívar en Misisipi; la Península de Bolívar en Texas; la ciudad de Bolívar en Misuri y Tennessee; Bolivar Town y Bolivar Village en Nueva York; Village of Bolivar en Ohio; Bolívar en West Virginia y también en Pensilvania.
Se estima que 42 ciudades de esa nación llevan su nombre, así como puestos de bomberos, comisarías policiales, escuelas primarias, secundarias y hasta productos de consumo.
Otros dos curiosos eventos relacionados con el nombre de Simón Bolívar ocurrieron en EE.UU. Fueron recopilados por el historiador Miguel Chirinos, según una publicación del sitio Aporrea.
El primero involucra a dos militares, el general confederado Simón Bolívar Buckner (1823-1914) y el general del ejército de la Unión, Orlando Bolívar Willcox (1823-1907), quienes pelearon en lados opuestos de la guerra civil.
El segundo ocurrió en 1963 durante la presidencia de John F. Kennedy, cuando se decide bautizar la nave insignia de los submarinos nucleares como el USS Simón Bolívar. Esta se mantuvo activa hasta el 12 de febrero de 1995, luego de 32 años de servicio y 1.040 exitosas inmersiones.

Admiración

A pesar de que el paso de Bolívar "por el pensamiento republicano estadounidense es muy poco significativo, el pueblo llano de ese país siempre guardó admiración por la figura del Libertador", dijo a RT el historiador Martín Guedez.
Pero cuando se trata de Bolívar, agrega, "una cosa es la clase dominante que, en EE.UU. fue y es, rabiosamente antibolivariana y otra cosa muy diferente, el pueblo". Por eso tantas localidades le rinden tributo.

Washington y Bolívar

El escritor e intelectual venezolano Luis Britto García recordó que el Libertador "siempre tuvo sentimientos de admiración y respeto hacia George Washington, como personaje político".
Consultado por RT, relató que hace algunos años se decía que Washington aparecía en los billetes venezolanos, "porque la imagen escogida de Bolívar fue tomada de un retrato en el que posó llevando una medalla con el rostro del estadounidense".
Britto García se refiere al medallón que George Washington Parke Custis, hijastro del prócer norteamericano, envió a Simón Bolívar en 1825, como reconocimiento a su lucha de independencia.
En la parte posterior, el medallón tiene una inscripción en latín cuya traducción dice: "Este retrato del autor de la libertad en la América del Norte, lo regala su hijo adoptivo a aquel que alcanzó igual gloria en la América del Sud".
La respuesta ante ese regalo evidencia la admiración que sentía el venezolano por el norteamericano. Afirmó Bolívar luego de recibir el medallón de Washington: "Hoy he tocado con mis manos este inestimable presente. La imagen del primer bienhechor del continente de Colón (…) ofrecida por el noble vástago de esa familia inmortal era cuanto podría recompensar el más esclarecido mérito del primer hombre del universo. ¿Seré yo digno de tanta gloria? No: más la acepto con un gozo y una gratitud que llegarán, junto con los restos venerables del padre de la América, a las más remotas generaciones de mi patria. Bolívar".

Relaciones políticas

Desde el punto de vista político, Bolívar mantuvo diferencias muy serias con EE.UU., "sobre todo porque ese país contrabandeaba armas para los realistas y se negaba a venderlas a los patriotas. Además de la oposición estadounidense al Congreso Anfictiónico de Panamá", apunta Britto garcía.
Motivos por los que el Libertador escribió (1829) en carta dirigida al coronel Patricio Campbell, encargado de negocios de Inglaterra en EE.UU., una frase sobre este último país que ha trascendido los siglos:"Parecen destinados por la Providencia para plagar la América de miserias a nombre de la Libertad".

De Bolívar a Chávez

Hace un par de décadas atrás, "era más evidente el reconocimiento a la enorme importancia histórica de una figura como el prócer venezolano", indicó James Petras a RT.
Para el profesor emérito de la Universidad Binghamton de Nueva York, en su país siempre se admiró "la herencia histórica que dejó Simón Bolívar en favor de la libertad".
Pero, actualmente "hay poca expresión de reconocimiento al Libertador suramericano y abunda una propaganda antibolivariana, gracias a una derechización de la opinión pública de EE.UU.".
Petras observa que, con el triunfo electoral de Hugo Chávez, "los medios de comunicación comenzaron a demonizar a la revolución venezolana y a olvidar los grandes acontecimientos liderados por Simón Bolívar".
¿La razón? El historiador Martín Guedez considera que el cambio de actitud en algunos sectores de la nación del norte de América era previsible.
Cuando la clase dominante se apodera de un símbolo, explica Guedez, "lo usa, lo vuelven Catedral, Dios, o simple estatua. El caso más emblemático es el de Jesús de Nazaret. Pero cuando aún no está convertido en símbolo sino que es un signo de libertad, de justicia e igualdad, entonces lo crucifican. Eso hicieron con Bolívar y también lo harán con Hugo Chávez".
Ernesto J. Navarro

          OSCAR SCHÉMEL/PROGRAMA ANÁLISIS SITUACIONAL        

04-06-2017
OSCAR SCHÉMEL:
De todo el petróleo que consume Estados Unidos, el 40% es importado y un 60% lo produce esta nación.

Lo que Ud. no sabe es que el 65% de ese 40% de petróleo importado proviene principalmente de Canadá, Venezuela y otros países del continente americano. Es decir, el 35% del petróleo importado por los norteamericanos llega de los pozos del Medio Oriente y el Golfo Pérsico pero el 65% viene de nuestra propia región.

Añada ahora a estas cifras, que Venezuela posee las más grandes reservas petroleras del planeta, calculadas en más de 300 mil millones de barriles. Sin contar con sus extraordinarias reservas en minerales, agua y biodiversidad.

La estrategia del actual presidente norteamericano Donald Trump para colocar a Estados Unidos a la cabeza de un capitalismo productor de bienes y no sólo de servicios, exige del control absoluto sobre aquellas regiones del mundo con materias primas estratégicas.

Cabe afirmar que las economías del mundo continuarán vinculadas al desarrollo de fuentes de energía, como el petróleo y el gas, por lo menos durante 60 años más.

Que no quepa la menor duda: Venezuela ocupa hoy un lugar preponderante en la agenda energética estratégica de la principal potencia capitalista.

Por eso, ahora en Venezuela está en desarrollo un profundo conflicto político y una muy peligrosa guerra en puertas, diseñada y dirigida por los Estados Unidos, para acabar de una vez por todas con la Revolución Bolivariana, debilitar la soberanía nacional y finalmente apoderarse de nuestras inmensas riquezas petroleras y gasíferas.

Está en marcha la segunda fase de 45 días de esta guerra no-convencional contra Venezuela. Durante la primera fase se realizaron operaciones sicológicas y mediáticas, movilización de calle, protestas violentas, presión internacional, sanciones contra funcionarios y dirigentes del Gobierno Bolivariano, entre otras acciones.

La fase actual es de ofensiva militar o de insurgencia armada y se desplegará sobre el foquismo violento y el paramilitarismo, articulados con bandas criminales, con más
sabotajes y asesinatos, más odio y más intolerancia, para crear un clima de ingobernabilidad, caotización, neurotización, guerra civil y desbordamiento que le abra paso a una intervención multinacional, supuestamente humanitaria, y a la implosión del Estado-Nación.

La guerra ya comenzó. La intervención está en marcha. Se requieren respuestas políticas y gestión económica, que ya se están ejecutando, pero también respuestas militares. Es la guerra por el petróleo ahora bajo nuestros propios pies.

Para analizar esta situación hoy nos acompaña LUIS BRITTO GARCIA, escritor, historiador y analista político. Guionista de la recién estrenada película “La Planta Insolente”, que relata la lucha del presidente Cipriano Castro en defensa de la soberanía nacional contra las agresiones imperialistas.

BLOQUE 1



 OS=Bienvenido Luis ¿Cómo estás?

 LBG=Bueno, muy bien

 OS= Eres el autor del guión de la película que recién se estrenó, “La Planta Insolente” Â¿Hay algún paralelismo que podamos destacar entre aquellos hechos y la situación actual de Venezuela?

 LBG=Total. En ese momento, una coalición de los banqueros, los acreedores de la deuda y la oligarquía de los caudillos locales, se juntan en una revolución mal llamada
“Revolución Libertadora” contra Cipriano Castro, con 15 mil peones de sus hatos, que los llevan a morir en eso, Cipriano los derrota con una fuerza de voluntarios de 5 mil. Pero entonces esta contrarrevolución llama en su auxilio a las potencias europeas, cuyas transnacionales tenían reclamaciones contra Venezuela. Y entonces entre Alemania, Inglaterra e Italia, reúnen una flota de 15 acorazados que acordona, bloquea nuestras costas, destruye nuestras unidades navales, bombardea nuestros pueblos, desembarca, incendia dependencias públicas, etc. Entonces evidentemente, ¿Por qué era esto? Bueno porque querían apuntalar el cobro de reclamaciones injustas. Las reclamaciones, después del incidente, fueron reducidas a la sexta parte, lo que quiere decir que gran parte de ellas eran absolutamente injustas. Otro elemento: Estaba a punto de abrirse, la apertura del canal de Panamá. EE.UU incluso había promovido la secesión de Panamá de Colombia para
tener un paso, y a las potencias europeas les interesaba tener enclaves estratégicos cerca de ese canal. Es más, la intervención contra Cipriano Castro, Cipriano estaba tratando de reeditar La Gran Colombia, en unión con el partido Liberal Colombiano, con Alfaro un gran dirigente progresista en Ecuador y con Zelaya en Nicaragua. Una de las finalidades de La Gran Colombia era dominar los pasos interoceánicos que se hicieran por Panamá.

 OS= Es decir Luis, que no era solamente el cobro de una deuda, ¿Había objetivos geopolíticos? Pero me respondes después de comerciales. Ya venimos.

BLOQUE 2


 OS= Te preguntaba Luis, que el objetivo no era solo cobrar una deuda, ni siquiera eso, había objetivos geopolíticos para principios de siglo…

 LBG= Muy precisos…Alemania quería, se dimensionó mucho eso, tener un enclave en Venezuela para dominar la rutas hacia el canal y es más, había quizá la posibilidad de que las potencias imperiales intentaran obtener colonias en América Latina y El Caribe, no hubieran tenido que hacer la Primera Guerra Mundial…Alemania se había quedado, entró
tarde a la carrera imperial. No tenía colonias. Si hubiera podido crear colonias en América Latina, no hubiera sido necesario ni una Primera ni una Segunda Guerra Mundial. Fíjate un poco como esa situación de Venezuela definió el destino del mundo, esa resistencia que hizo Cipriano Castro. Ahora, ¿Cómo resistió Cipriano Castro a una flota de 15 acorazados de las 3 potencias militares más poderosas del mundo, aparte de EE.UU? Bueno, con la voluntad popular. El llamó a los voluntarios con esa célebre proclama “La planta insolente del extranjero ha profanado el sagrado suelo de la Patria” y 150 mil voluntarios acudieron a alistarse, entre los primeros, el Dr. José Gregorio Hernández, esto es increíble pero cierto, entonces las potencias dijeron “caramba, tenemos 15 mil hombres en estas naves, en un territorio extraño, contra un ejército de 150 mil hombres defendiendo su país, estamos perdidos” entonces tuvieron que transar.

 OS= En este momento, es obvio que hay un plan insurreccional contra el gobierno bolivariano. Es la cuarta intentona insurreccional en lo que va de período constitucional del presidente Nicolás Maduro. En este esquema ¿Es posible una intervención internacional?

 LBG= Sí. Mira, si uno estudia los manuales sobre la llamada Guerra de IV Generación, hay uno de un coronel, Mainwaring, que es asesor del Departamento de Defensa de EE.UU, del Comando Sur, él cita lo que permite reconocer una guerra de IV Generación. Todo eso se está dando en Venezuela. Es una confrontación en la cual no intervienen Estados, no hay una guerra declarada, sin embargo, hay una situación de desestabilización, de destrucción de activos, insurgencia armada por cuerpos que no son ejércitos ni tienen uniformes,actúan como paramilitares de manera violenta. Se trata sobre todo de crear incomodidad y la destrucción de bienes civiles, no hay un campo de batalla alejado sino que el campo de batalla es la misma sociedad y los eventos son dirigidos más que a una finalidad estratégica
específica, a crear efectos comunicacionales. Es una guerra que se gana o se pierde en los campos de batalla de la comunicación, de la simbología. Todo eso se está dando exactamente en Venezuela como si se estuviera aplicando un manual, aparte del pequeño manualito de Gene Sharp, nos están aplicando una cartilla aprendida, que ya fue aplicada también en Chile  y lamentablemente en Indonesia, donde hubo un genocidio que algunos  sitúan alrededor del medio millón de víctimas fatales y desarmadas. Entonces, hay una situación grave, seria, de guerra, hay que asumirla y tenemos derecho a defendernos, el derecho a la legítima defensa es el más innegable de todos los derechos.

 OS= ¿La movilización del pueblo, es clave, es crucial, si hay una amenaza de intervención?

 LBG= Yo creo que fundamentalmente la movilización del pueblo ante una situación de terrible peligro internacional y ¿Por qué es eso? ¿Obedece eso a que unas elecciones se
retrasan o no se retrasan? ¿Se va a votar o no? Conversábamos de eso hace poco: Venezuela tiene la quinta parte de todos los hidrocarburos del mundo, tiene unas reservas inmensas de oro, coltán, hierro, aluminio, biodiversidad, energía hidroeléctrica, todo eso es fundamental para el imperio que domina el hemisferio y entonces está provocando una situación interna para imponer un gobierno favorable a ellos. De eso se trata en el fondo lo que está sucediendo.

OSEl objetivo es caotizar, neurotizar, destruir el Estado Nación…

 LBG= Sí, porque además hay planes secesionistas que ya han sido declarados…Había un ejercicio militar que estaban haciendo en EE.UU que presuponía la división de
Venezuela en 3 secciones. Hay movimientos étnicos que plantean la disolución de Venezuela en un conjunto de supuestos territorios dominados por parcialidades étnicas, lo
que sucede en Libia, el que no aprende de la historia se ve obligado a repetirla. Entonces Venezuela está ante ese panorama.

 OS= Planteabas que estas guerras de IV generación, estas guerras no convencionales son también guerras simbólicas, guerras lingüísticas ¿En qué consiste este tablero simbólico?

 LBG= Son guerras que se juegan en el imaginario, sobre todo, a través de los medios.Los medios crean sucesos. Recordemos cuando se tomó la Plaza Verde de Trípoli en Libia, no se había tomado nada, era un escenario que montaron en Qatar, hicieron una maqueta, disfrazaron una cantidad de gente y efectuaron una obra militar que no había ocurrido. Entonces, los medios de comunicación fabrican. Fíjate tú, esencialmente los disturbios que ha habido ahora se concentran fundamentalmente en unas 19 alcaldías en donde los manifestantes y algunos delincuentes que se unen a ellos, actúan protegidos por las policías locales, es la situación fundamental, hay episodios fuera de eso, pero raros. Ahora, los medios intentan multiplicar eso para fingir ante el exterior y ante el propio país que hay una rebelión en todo el país, y no. Venezuela tiene 335 alcaldías. 19 alcaldías son un sector insignificante de lo que es Venezuela.

 OS= Son alcaldías en zonas muy elitescas

 LBG= Muy específicas en zonas de clase media alta, con aspiraciones de clase media alta y además, los efectos de eso es que se ponen presos ellos mismos. Bloquean los
accesos de entrada y salida entonces la propia clase media alta o con aspiraciones de alta, queda presa allí, la afectada es ella, pero eso queda representado en los medios como una sublevación popular y masiva en todo el país. No son ninguna de esas cosas: Ni es popular, ocurre en sectores de clase media y muchos de los que participan en ella son paramilitares o delincuentes. Ni es generalizada, porque ocurre nada más en 19 municipios. Ni es sublevación, porque resulta que la policía local protege a los que perturban y cometen actos de terrorismo…

 OS= Sí, pero como bien decías, no hace falta que estas protestas o esta insurrección sea popular ya que lo importante es desintegrar, caotizar, neurotizar, crear un clima para una eventual ruptura, desbordamiento, y están apareciendo Luis, nuevos símbolos: escudos, desnudos, linchamientos… ¿Qué sentido tienen estos nuevos códigos?

 LBG= Sí, lo más grave es eso. Primero, dentro de esos escudos además hay unas cruces que evocan ciertas desagradables cruces que se utilizaron en Europa. Hay el uso de sustancias pestilentes, pero lo grave allí son ciertos linchamientos, atentados contra la persona humana injustificada. Prenderle fuego a una persona viviente, además porque es de un determinado color o porque se sospecha que pueda…Eso es espantoso, eso va más allá, eso es para crear el pánico. La muerte de una persona es muy sensible, pero no tiene efecto. Pero una muerte horripilante crea el pavor, crea la conmoción y además difunde la idea de que el poder no tiene control sobre la situación, que solamente, el terrorismo. El terrorismo tiene objetivos muy selectos que en realidad estratégicamente no conmocionan pero crean esa impresión. El terrorista dice “fíjate cómo el Estado no tiene control”

 OS= Y todo se permite, todo es posible

 LBG= Todo es posible porque no hay un poder efectivo. Es un mensaje que lanza el terrorismo: “Ya no existe el gobierno, por lo tanto hay que crear otro”, ese es el mensaje fundamental.

 OS= El gobierno está trabajando en distintos escenarios, en distintos tableros: el político, con el llamado al diálogo y la convocatoria a una Asamblea Nacional Constituyente. El tablero militar y el tablero comunicacional. Quiero que hablemos un poco del tablero político y específicamente de la convocatoria a la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, pero cuando regresemos de los comerciales. Ya venimos.

BLOQUE 3


 OS= Te preguntaba Luis, en este escenario insurreccional ¿Cuál sería el rol, el papel, de la convocatoria presidencial a una Asamblea Nacional Constituyente?

 LBG=Bueno, a mí me da la impresión de que es establecer una diferencia en la metodología. Mientras uno de los grupos está recurriendo a la violencia desnuda, a los
cortes de comunicaciones, a incendiar hospitales y hospitales infantiles para colmo, quemar unidades de transporte público popular, etc. El otro dice, “bueno, vamos a
dialogar, vamos a una Asamblea elegida por el voto, donde la votación va a decidir la futura constitución de Venezuela. Es como contraponer dos formas de actuación política, una es la actuación directa a través de la implantación del terror y otra mediante la consulta, el diálogo. Ahora, yo diría lo siguiente y eso es básico: Para que tenga éxito esa Asamblea, tiene que haber un consenso popular, y gran parte de los problemas que estamos viviendo actualmente tienen que ver con los problemas de abastecimiento. Ahora, ¿Cuáles son esos problemas de abastecimiento? Mira, los ha señalado de forma inobjetable la doctora Pasqualina Curcio, en su libro “La Mano visible del mercado”: el Estado, no solo sí ha seguido dándole dólares preferenciales a los importadores. Triplicó desde 2004 la cantidad de dólares en líneas generales, y en medicina la cuadruplicó. Pero ¿Qué sucede? Hay una docena de importadores, un oligopolio que o no importa las cosas, o las importa e importa basura, o las importa y las esconde. Entonces la escasez que hay es una cosa manipulada. A esto debe añadirse lo siguiente, otra sorpresa seguramente para los escuchas: Venezuela produce como el 88% de los alimentos que consume, eso está en las hojas de alimentación y consta durante décadas esos registros. ¿Qué sucede? También hay un oligopolio que evita la distribución plena, eficaz y oportuna de esos productos y por otro lado, como 40% de lo que Venezuela importa o produce, se va por la frontera. ¿Qué se debe hacer en tres líneas para remediar eso? Acabar con el contrabando de extracción, fundamental. Tú no puedes operar con una pérdida de 40% continua. 2) Dejar de darle dólares preferenciales a ese grupo de empresas que ha estafado a la nación consecutivamente. 3) Tendría que asumir la importación y la distribución de los productos básicos el Estado. Hay riesgo, desde luego, ineficacia, corrupción, pero peor de lo que ha sucedido no puede ser.
Además, históricamente cada vez que viene un proceso electoral hay un pico de desabastecimiento, creado por ese mismo monopolio de importadores y distribuidores para que el voto sea negativo. Vamos a contar con otro pico de desabastecimiento para la constituyente y para las elecciones que vengan.

 OS= Y se agudiza con las protestas violentas que cierran, obstaculizan el tránsito de alimentos.

 LBG= En ese sentido, también se ha hecho eso, se ha destruido camiones que tienen alimento, se ha cerrado el acceso a las vías para el abastecimiento, etc. Entonces el éxito político depende de que se solucione la situación de desabastecimiento que es en gran parte manipulada, creada artificialmente, con fines políticos.

          LETRA BOLIVARIANA: LA PLANTA INSOLENTE        

José Gregorio Linares
Todos los venezolanos debemos ver La Planta Insolente, película dirigida por Román Chalbaud con libreto de Luis Britto García. Gira en torno a la figura del presidente antimperialista Cipriano Castro, quien gobernó el país entre 1899 y 1908. Trata hechos históricos fundamentales para comprender la Venezuela contemporánea: el proyecto integracionista liderado por Venezuela en 1900; la invasión de Colombia contra Venezuela en 1901, mediante la cual aquella nación sirvió a la estrategia estadounidense de desestabilizar nuestro gobierno; la llamada “Revolución Libertadora” que aglutinó a la oposición que desató una guerra civil entre 1901 y 1903, y dejó un saldo de miles de muertos y cuantiosos daños; el bloqueo extranjero de diciembre 1902 a febrero de 1903 , cuando varias potencias aplicaron la diplomacia de las cañoneras causando devastación y muerte; la resistencia patriótica de nuestro pueblo; y finalmente, el apoyo foráneo a la traición de Gómez contra Castro.
No voy a contarles la película, cargada de detalles e imágenes fascinantes. Me limitaré a exponer el telón de fondo sobre el que se desarrollan los hechos. Para esa época EEUU aplicó en su “patio trasero” la  política del “gran Garrote” del gobierno de Teodoro Roosevelt (1901-1909). Esto significó la justificación de la fuerza bruta en el trato con las naciones débiles. De este modo logró: (1) La imposición de la enmienda Platt en Cuba en 1901, mediante la cual la obligaron a aceptar la intervención de Estados Unidos cuando lo consideraran pertinente, y la posterior cesión de Guantánamo como base naval (2) La amputación de Panamá a Colombia en 1903, y la presencia militar norteamericana en la Zona del Canal (3) La presión sobre Haití desde 1904 para que cancelase su deuda con las potencias acreedoras; (3) La invasión gringa a República Dominicana y la incautación de sus aduanas en 1905, etc.
Castro adversó esta política imperialista. Internamente estableció nuevos tributos a las compañías trasnacionales que operaban en Venezuela y sancionó a las que se inmiscuían en nuestra política. Entonces se desató una campaña de descrédito en su contra. Los periódicos extranjeros afirmaban que era “un hombre de pequeña inteligencia, mucha ostentación y un deseo muy acendrado de pelear con todo el mundo, particularmente con Estados Unidos”. Los conflictos llevaron a la ruptura de relaciones con EEUU, que preparaban una invasión. "Sería bueno – escribió Roosevelt - enviar a Venezuela varios barcos, sobre la marcha, y hacer los preparativos para despachar un transporte con marinos. Pienso también que el Comando Unificado debe preparar un plan de acción”. La enfermedad de Castro y el golpe de Estado en su contra evitaron a EEUU “despachar un transporte con marinos”.
Si se acercan a las salas de cine observarán que se ha establecido un cerco publicitario contra la película. Las trasnacionales temen que el espíritu redentor de Castro tome las calles, y su coraje nos inspire. Propongo, por tanto, que la película sea difundida en todo el territorio nacional en cada espacio donde se debata sobre la Asamblea Constituyente, para que nunca más la planta Insolente del extranjero profane el sagrado suelo de la patria.



          Comment on FEATURE STORY: Racing To Be Ready – U.S. Ports Prepare for Post Panamax Era by Larry Mulles        
Great Article, is there an updated list of post-panama canal expansion ready ports anywhere? With completion deadlines continually getting pushed back I imagine ports that were not going to be ready, will be capable of handling post panamax ships in time. Thanks
          Cambio Democrático exige el fin de la persecución política         

Un grupo de miembros del partido Cambio Democrático (CD), realizaron una vigilia frente al Ministerio Público, para exigir que se termine la persecución política y que se cumpla con el debido proceso.
Otras de las peticiones de CD, es que la Procuradora que no filtren en los medios de comunicación los expedientes de los exfuncionarios. 
También solicitaron a la procurado General e la Nación, Kenia Porcell que investiguen a Jimmy Papadimitriu, diputado José Luis Varela y los expresidentes Martín Torrijos, Ernesto Pérez Balladares.
"Señora Procuradora Investigué el PAN, FIS, FES", fueron unas de las consignas gritadas en los predios. 

“Pedimos que respeto al debido proceso y exigimos a Kenia Porcell, trabaje separada de las órdenes de Varela”, gritan los simpatizantes del CD.
“Que el presidente Juan Carlos Varela, saque sus manos de la justicia”, piden los protestantes, entre ellos la ex diputada Mariela Jiménez y el ex secretario de prensa del CD, Luis Eduardo Camacho.



          â€œSoy objeto de una persecución política por parte del presidente Varela”, Martinelli         

Plan
  • Nulidad: El abogado Sittón advirtió que la Fiscalía Segunda Anticorrupción realizó actos de investigación en contra del expresidente, pese a que su despacho no tenía competencia para investigarlo, lo que demuestra uno de los tantos vicios de nulidad.
  • Persecución: El expresidente Martinelli ha hecho alusión al Plan Varela. Destacó que las acusaciones en su contra son por presiones aplicadas a exfuncionarios de su gobierno que en estos momentos están imputados, porque les han encontrado cuantiosos recursos.
Una muestra de la existencia del Plan Varela salió a relucir en la noche de ayer, cuando los nueve magistrados de la Corte Suprema de Justicia, en pleno, dispusieron admitir una investigación en contra del expresidente de la República Ricardo Martinelli.
Los magistrados decidieron dar luz verde al proceso contra Martinelli, a pesar de que sus abogados, en horas de la mañana, habían presentado tres recursos que advertían vicios en este proceso.
Por su parte, el exmandatario, quien viajó a la sesión plenaria del Parlacen, en Guatemala, denunció a los medios internacionales las presiones políticas a las que está sometido el sistema de justicia en Panamá.
Dijo que estas presiones están siendo utilizadas para perseguirlo políticamente, porque es la única voz de la oposición del país.
“Soy objeto de una persecución política por parte del presidente Varela”, dijo Martinelli ante los medios de Guatemala, al detallar la existencia de dichas presiones por parte del Gobierno dentro de los despachos de instrucción del Ministerio Público.
Explicó el exmandatario que lo que buscan es que las personas que trabajaron en su gobierno y que se les han encontrado cuantiosos recursos declaren en su contra.
Las palabras de Martinelli se dan en alusión a las declaraciones indagatorias de los exdirectores del Programa de Ayuda Nacional (PAN) Giacomo Tamburrelli y Rafael Guardia, las cuales fueron publicadas íntegramente en los medios de comunicación y en las redes sociales.
Este mismo despliegue mediático se vio de manifiesto en la Corte Suprema de Justicia, ya que antes de conocerse el fallo de admitir la investigación contra Martinelli, el mismo había sido publicado en cuentas de Twitter de adversarios del exmandatario y en algunos canales de televisión contrarios a su administración gubernamental.
Para el abogado Sidney Sittón, el sistema de administración de justicia está padeciendo de un síndrome de decadencia.
En estos duros términos se refirió a los magistrados, “porque son ellos quienes están obligados a defender las garantías fundamentales de los ciudadanos y están violando estos principios”.
Ricardo Martinelli sería investigado mediante el Sistema Penal Acusatorio en un juicio especial en el pleno de la Corte, por su condición de parlamentario, tal como lo establece la Ley 63 de 2008, que crea este nuevo sistema de procedimientos penales.
Sittón indicó que uno de los principios de esta normativa procesal es el derecho a la presunción de inocencia y, por consiguiente, se prohíbe la promoción en los medios de comunicación en los casos penales en los que se mencione el nombre de los imputados.
A juicio de Sittón, la decadencia a la que se refiere es que es completamente inaceptable que la Corte Suprema asuma una situación similar a la aplicada por la Asamblea Nacional sobre la investigación que realiza este órgano del Estado en contra del magistrado suspendido Alejandro Moncada Luna.
Contradicciones
Sidney Sittón considera que la Corte no debe limitarse a que el levantamiento del fuero del expresidente Martinelli solo recaiga en el Tribunal Electoral.
Según el abogado, debe darse el trámite también, a través del Parlacen, porque de no ser así, se estaría caminando en línea contraria a lo que decretaron, meses atrás, en el caso Cemis.
Sittón explicó que este mismo pleno de la Corte consideró que no era viable una investigación en contra de Torrijos, por haber gozado del fuero de parlamentario centroamericano, en momentos en que era investigado por el otorgamiento de sobornos para aprobar el contrato del Cemis.
La propia diputada oficialista Zulay Rodríguez reconoció que no se puede investigar al expresidente Martinelli, porque goza de fuero, y puso como ejemplo el caso de su copartidario Martín Torrijos, que recibió sobreseimiento por la propia Corte, al gozar de fuero como parlamentario.
Sin embargo, pese a estas advertencias, la Corte no ha tomado en cuenta al Parlacen y decidió nombrar a los magistrados que se encargarán del proceso, sin siquiera, tampoco, esperar la decisión de los magistrados del Tribunal Electoral, quienes deberán decidir si levantan el fuero electoral al exmandatario.
El Pleno nombró al magistrado Oydén Ortega como fiscal de la causa y al magistrado Jerónimo Mejía como juez de garantías.
Ambos magistrados fueron nombrados durante la administración del expresidente Martín Torrijos.
Explicó el jurista que existe un tratado internacional que establece el protocolo del Parlacen para que se le levante el fuero al expresidente por esta vía y para ello debe agotarse el proceso que esta norma establece y que es ley de la República.
“Él (Ricardo Martinelli) tiene inmunidad plena en su persona y en sus bienes, y eso lo dice la Convención de Viena”, señaló Sittón.
El expresidente Ricardo Martinelli habló alto y claro a su llegada a la sesión del Parlacen en Guatemala.
“Yo no vengo a esconderme en ningún lugar, yo vengo a dar la cara y a demostrar que Juan Carlos Varela es un perseguidor”, destacó Martinelli.
Para el exmandatario, hay una abierta injerencia del presidente Varela dentro del sistema de administración de justicia, con el propósito de acallar a la oposición política del país.
Será al Tribunal Electoral que le tocará levantarle el fuero a Martinelli, que según el dirigente de la oposición, con sus hechos ha demostrado una abierta parcialidad a favor del gobierno de turno.

          "Yo voy a demostrar que Juan Carlos Varela es un perseguidor": Martinelli.        

Martinelli: Denunciaré a Varela en todos lados



El expresidente de la República, Ricardo Martinelli, denunció que existe “persecución política” en su contra y de quienes “están a mi lado”.

Recordó que anteriormente ha venido señalando que el Programa de Ayuda Nacional (PAN) debe ser cerrado, e investigar a quienes hayan utilizado fondos de este estamento desde antes, cuando se denominó FES y FIS.

Expresó que se están reabriendo casos contra exfuncionarios del Gobierno, entre estos, el de la exministra de Trabajo Alma Cortés.

El exjefe de Estado panameño manifestó que existe control del Ejecutivo sobre la Corte Suprema de Justicia (CSJ) y deploró que, en su momento, él no hizo este tipo de ataques.

“Varela ha ido el viernes allá -a la CSJ- llamando y presionando para que no le fallen”, indicó.

Martinelli dijo que están presionando a Ayú Prado y lo quieren sacar de la Corte.
Agregó que antes de que Varela llegara al poder tenía actitud dictatorial, exigiendo renuncia a funcionarios.

Martinelli detalló que quitó la denuncia que tenía contra el presidente, por haber dicho que recibió 30 millones de dólares en el caso de Finmeccanica.

Sostuvo, además, que demandará a la exfiscal Lisett Chevalier, por tratar de involucrarlo en las investigaciones que seguía contra los exdirectores del PAN.

“Como presidente del único partido opositor y hombre de este país no me voy. Voy a realizar una gira y a denunciar el estilo dictatorial del gobierno”, afirmó.

          Ministerio Público actúa en sintonía con Varela contra CD         
Un contubernio entre el jefe del Órgano Ejecutivo, Juan Carlos Varela, y la procuradora general de la nación, Kenia Porcell de Alvarado, se genera para afectar al exmandatario Ricardo Martinelli y al partido Cambio Democrático (CD), los únicos opuestos al Gobierno, denunciaron varios juristas.
Uno de ellos fue el abogado Jorge Torregrosa, quien manifestó en el programa “Reporte Estelar” que se transmite en KW Continente, que Varela y Porcell de Alvarado buscan enjuiciar al expresidente para así desviar la atención pública de los graves problemas que atraviesa el país como la delincuencia y el estancamiento de la economía.
Torregrosa, miembro de CD, le solicitó a Varela que “saque sus manos” del Ministerio Público, mientras que le pidió a Porcell de Alvarado que se apegue a las normas y al debido proceso, ya que ella es responsable por sus actuaciones.
Agregó que en la actualidad no existe el respeto al debido proceso ni las garantías fundamentales de los exfuncionarios del pasado gobierno que son blanco de sumarias penales, ya que los fiscales anticorrupción presionan a los sindicados para que apunten hacia otras personas.
Torregrosa dio como ejemplo que el día de ayer, el exdirector del Programa de Ayuda Nacional (PN) Rafael Guardia fue llevado a la Fiscalía Anticorrupción para una diligencia judicial sin la presencia de su representante legal.
Por su parte, el exfiscal electoral Víctor Almengor subrayó que esta práctica de los funcionarios de instrucción no es nueva, ya que en la pasada administración también incurrieron en lo mismo, lo que refleja que no existe ningún cambio de actitud.
Almengor, quien en el pasado representó al entonces ministro de Educación, Salvador Rodríguez, explicó que la práctica de presionar a testigos para que declaren contra otras personas es de la época medieval, por lo que debe cambiar.
A juicio del abogado, esto sucede porque los funcionarios de instrucción que investigaron actos de corrupción en el pasado son los mismos que hacen las averiguaciones en la actualidad, salvo en algunos casos que fueron rotados.
Almengor destacó, en el caso del abogado de la Presidencia de la República, David Hidalgo, que no está facultado legalmente para participar en diligencias judiciales ni contrariar o refutar a testigos, ya que no es querellante en el proceso de los pinchazos telefónicos.
El lunes pasado, abogados de Cambio Democrático pidieron que se respeten las garantías constitucionales en el país y exigieron que se cumpla con la Constitución y la ley.
Al igual que la dirigencia de Cambio Democrático, coincidieron en que todo es parte de un show mediático que involucra a la Corte Suprema de Justicia (CSJ).
Yajaira Pittí, abogada de CD, aseveró que también el Ministerio Público forma parte de este show mediático, en el que los supuestos implicados no obtienen las garantías que deben ni se cumple el debido proceso.
La jurista pidió a las autoridades de justicia, en este caso a la procuradora Kenia Porcell, cumplir su rol con independencia y actuar en apego al debido proceso.
El partido opositor señaló que los agentes de justicia se han convertido en “productores de dramas para el entretenimiento mediático”, esto al politizar las investigaciones y al prejudicializar las decisiones judiciales.
Con esta campaña de persecución, la Corte Suprema de Justicia y el Ministerio Público serían objeto de manipulación por parte del Órgano Ejecutivo.
“El secretario general del MP lo reconoció; los delitos por los que se les está acusando a las personas detenidas en este momento no ameritan prisión preventiva automáticamente, si no aplica, por qué no aplicar otra medida cautelar diferente”, cuestionó el abogado de CD Edwin Herrera.
El jurista señaló que, a pesar de vivir en democracia, todo indica que en estos momentos se está aplicando una dictadura civil.
Martinelli apoya carta de los obispos que piden respeto al debido proceso
El exmandatario se reunió ayer con el arzobispo y la Comisión de Justicia y Paz.
El recorrido del expresidente Ricardo Martinelli para denunciar la persecución política de la que afirma es objeto comenzó ayer en la curia metropolitana.
“Ni yo ni Cambio Democrático estamos en contra de que se presenten denuncias con pruebas ante las respectivas instancias legales. Lo que estamos en contra es de que se presenten en los medios, con el único fin de hacer show mediático. Tampoco estamos en contra de que las denuncias presentadas en las instancias legales se investiguen. Lo que hemos pedido es que se respete la presunción de inocencia, la reserva del sumario, el debido proceso y que no se politicen ni se mediaticen”, sostuvo Martinelli.
Con estas palabras, el exmandatario expresó su apoyo al reciente pronunciamiento de la Conferencia Episcopal, en el que se pidió se investiguen los supuestos actos de corrupción, pero garantizando el respeto a las garantías fundamentales de los implicados y al debido proceso.
El arzobispo José D. Ulloa aseguró que la iglesia hará el esfuerzo para lograr la reconciliación entre los panameños, al tiempo que manifestó la responsabilidad que tienen todos los partidos políticos de aportar sus esfuerzos para este fin.

           J.C. Varela coacciona para que involucren a Martinelli        
Tamburelli fue coaccionado para que declarara en contra de Martinelli


 
El Ministerio Público, en contubernio con el Órgano Ejecutivo, está usando todas las influencias e interferencias para coaccionar a las personas que han sido indagadas en las denuncias contra exfuncionarios del pasado gobierno, para que cambien sus declaraciones e involucren directamente al expresidente Ricardo Martinelli.
En una conferencia de prensa, Martinelli, junto con un grupo de abogados, denunció que este tipo de irregularidad se ha dado en el caso del exdirector del Programa de Ayuda Nacional (PAN) Giacomo Tamburrelli, “quien fue amenazado por la fiscal Lizzett Chevalier y por el señor David Garay, y me cuentan también que el señor Saltarín tiene que ver con todo esto para que cambiara las declaraciones, me acusara a mí directamente y acusara a Adolfo ‘Chichi’ De Obarrio para que de esta manera el expediente que se estaba llevando sobre el caso del PAN y las comidas deshidratadas nos involucrara a nosotros cuando no teníamos nada que ver”, destacó el exmandatario.
Quiero decir con certeza que lo mismo están haciendo con Rafael Guardia y otras personas; igual están haciendo con Alejandro Garuz y Gustavo Pérez, es una clara injerencia del presidente Juan Carlos Varela, con el Plan Varela, de interferir de una manera u otra para amenazar y coaccionar so pena de que las personas no digan lo que quieran, los van a mandar a La Joya, resaltó Martinelli.
El expresidente hizo pública su preocupación, porque se están violando los debidos procesos, la ley. Agregó que ante esta situación va a denunciar en todos los países del mundo el formato que quiere implantar Juan Carlos Varela en Panamá.
Destacó que la coacción, las amenazas, la forma de manipulación de información que hizo la fiscal Chevalier junto con Garay son cosas que le preocupan mucho, y por ello un equipo de abogados estará presentando una demanda civil y penal contra ellos, y de comprobarse que Rogelio Saltarín tiene algo que ver, también será demandado.
A cualquier persona le pueden cocinar los expedientes so pena de que los involucren, manifestó Martinelli. Indicó que si esta situación se está dando con él que es un empresario reconocido, peores cosas se podrían dar con un ciudadano que no tenga cómo defenderse.
La actual procuradora general de la nación, Kenia Porcell, laboró por seis meses como asesora del Consejo de Seguridad, en el gobierno del presidente Juan Carlos Varela, quien luego la designó en el cargo que desempeña.
Ante esta irregularidad, el abogado Sidney Sittón afirmó que el expediente contra el expresidente Martinelli que está en la Corte Suprema de Justicia debe ser declarado nulo, porque se sustentan en amenazas y coacciones.
Las declaraciones de Tamburrelli fueron la base para que la exfiscal segunda anticorrupción Lizzett Chevalier remitiera copia del expediente a la Corte para que fuese investigado Ricardo Martinelli.
El documento hecho público ayer es un recurso de objeción que presentará el abogado Gonzalo Moncada Luna ante la nueva fiscal segunda anticorrupción, Vielka Broce de Birne, para denunciar que su cliente fue coaccionado y amenazado por la antecesora de este despacho de instrucción.
Sittón indicó que dicho documento es prueba para que los magistrados de la Corte comprueben que se violó la Constitución y el Código Judicial y por ende decreten la nulidad del proceso.
El documento revela que Chevalier obligó a Tamburrelli a incriminar a Ricardo Martinelli en su indagatoria, en las investigaciones por la compra de la comida deshidratada, o de lo contrario sería trasladado a La Gran Joya.
“Se suscitaron distintas irregularidades que vulneraron los derechos y garantías procesales de nuestro defendido, actuaciones que también constituyeron un irrespeto”, agregó Moncada Luna.
Las revelaciones de este documento dan cuenta de que existe “una cadena de coacciones y amenazas”, dijo Martinelli, y esta es dirigida por el Ejecutivo a través del Plan Varela.
“Si no hubiesen presiones ni amenazas de Varela en el sistema judicial, me quitaría la inmunidad”, destacó Martinelli. El exmandatario tiene inmunidad por ser parlamentario centroamericano.
Y es que el exjefe del Ejecutivo descubrió que en este caso y los demás procesos que se siguen a los exfuncionarios de su gobierno está la mano del presidente Juan Carlos Varela.
Martinelli planteó que con el Plan Varela se busca acallar la voz de la oposición, el cual es ejecutado por el abogado Rogelio Saltarín, representante legal del mandatario y quien sirve de puente entre el Gobierno y el Ministerio Público.
Alma Cortés, subsecretaria general del partido Cambio Democrático, dijo que se presentarán denuncias civiles y penales en contra de la exfiscal Lizzett Chevalier y del secretario judicial.
“Lizzett Chevalier, directamente, amenazó a su cliente para que este implicara lo suficientemente a personas que ella consideraba responsables en este supuesto delito de la comida deshidratada, ¿un expresidente de la República?”, dice el documento.
“Varela está manipulando los expedientes que se han levantado en el Ministerio Público a través de su abogado Rogelio Saltarín”, destacó Martinelli.
El exmandatario también dijo que va a denunciar en todos los países del mundo las acciones violatorias al sistema judicial que está realizando el presidente Varela, “para que sepan el formato de dictadura” que se está armando en Panamá con el levantamiento de expedientes falsos y amañados.
En horas de la mañana, Martinelli denunció en la cadena CNN que Varela se ha enfocado en imprimir el miedo entre sus opositores.
“Varela ha decidido no continuar con el sendero de crecimiento y está enfocado en una cacería de brujas”, dijo Martinelli, al destacar que desde que su sucesor ocupó la silla presidencial se han estancado las inversiones públicas y privadas en el país.
“Yo estoy esperando que vengan contra mí en cualquier momento”, fue la reacción del exmandatario ante el anuncio de que hay intenciones de levantar un proceso penal en su contra a través de la Corte.

          Martinelli acusa a Gobierno de Varela de persecución         

(Ciudad de Panamá, 16 de enero. Noticias24Panamá) – El expresidente de la República Ricardo Martinelli, acusó al actual mandatario Juan Carlos Varela, de persecución en su contra, tal como indicó en una entrevista para CNN en Español.
“El está haciendo las bases para convertirse en un dictador” dijo Martinelli, al tiempo que expresó sentirse â€œextremadamente preocupado por el futuro de Panamá”.
Martinelli indicó que Varela en vez de dedicarse a trabajar por el bien de todos los ciudadanos y a continuar por el sendero de crecimiento se enfoca en realizar “una persecución y cacería de brujas”.
“Yo estoy esperando que vengan contra mí en cualquier momento, yo no tengo nada de que esconderme, nada de que temer, por que aquí ya han infringido una gran cantidad de miedo a todos los opositores“, insistió el exmandatario.

          DICTADURA: J.C. Varela persigue a opositores         
Con ‘Plan Varela’ se busca callar las voces de la oposición




Desde antes de asumir como presidente de la República, Juan Carlos Varela puso en marcha el denominado Plan Varela, con el que busca controlar todos los órganos del Estado e instituciones autónomas, con el fin de acabar con todo aquel que se oponga a su gobierno.
El manejo que se le ha dado al caso de los exsecretarios del Consejo de Seguridad Alejandro Garuz y Gustavo Pérez deja en evidencia el tinte político que le imprimió el Ejecutivo, el cual quedó al descubierto luego de conocer la designación de Kenia Porcell al frente de la Procuraduría General de la Nación, quien ejerció por seis meses como funcionaria del Consejo de Seguridad.
Ayer, las autoridades judiciales les impusieron medidas cautelares a Garuz y Pérez, pese a que la única evidencia con que cuentan en su contra es un testigo protegido.
La información fue dada a conocer por los abogados defensores de ambos exfuncionarios al concluir las indagatorias de estos en el despacho del fiscal auxiliar Marcelino Rodríguez.
Cristóbal Arboleda, abogado de Garuz, reveló que la Fiscalía cuenta como evidencia con el testimonio de un testigo protegido.
Arboleda desvirtuó este testimonio al calificarlo como “un testigo de oídas, es decir, es una persona que declara que a él le dijeron”, agregó, al referirse a la supuesta existencia de una máquina para realizar escuchas telefónicas y que, según las autoridades, está desaparecida.
Arboleda asegura que ese testigo protegido no tiene ningún valor probatorio.
La existencia de este testigo protegido podría ser la pieza que hace falta para armar el rompecabezas sobre la supuesta desaparición del sargento de la Policía Nacional Ismael Pitty.
Alejandro Pérez, viceministro en la administración de la presidenta Mireya Moscoso y quien en el mes de agosto denunció la desaparición del sargento Pitty, cree saber que es esta unidad policial el testigo protegido al que hace alusión la Fiscalía Auxiliar para mantener tras las rejas a los exfuncionarios de la administración Martinelli.
Pérez, en el mes de agosto, denunció que Pitty estaba siendo objeto de torturas en una casa ubicada en el sector de Amador, lugar en donde funciona el Consejo de Seguridad.
El propósito, aseguró Pérez, es que declarara en contra de altos funcionarios del gobierno de Ricardo Martinelli.
Tras la denuncia de Pérez en ese momento, el director de la Policía Nacional, Omar Pinzón, negó esas acusaciones y dijo que se comunicó de inmediato con la unidad y que se iba a presentar al despacho de la procuradora en ese entonces, Ana Belfon.
El sargento Pitty no se presentó, según los registros de visitas en el Ministerio Público, por esa razón, en su lugar Alejandro Pérez siguió interponiendo recursos en la Defensoría del Pueblo y en la Corte Suprema de Justicia para que se revelara el paradero de esta unidad de la Policía Nacional.
“Estoy seguro de que este sargento es el testigo protegido”, indicó Pérez en una entrevista con Next Noticias.
De acuerdo con Pérez, desde el mes de agosto venía advirtiendo que esta unidad policial era víctima de secuestro y tortura.
Agregó que había dos comisionados de la Policía Nacional que los estaban presionando para que también declararan, pero como no lo hicieron, fueron destituidos y perdieron el derecho a la jubilación.
Uno de ellos es una unidad que, reveló Pérez, es conocida con el nombre de inteligencia de Fred. Esta unidad, dijo el jurista, falleció de un infarto debido a la presión psicológica de la que fue objeto.
La declaración de Pérez deja al descubierto los motivos de una resolución que fue publicada el 11 de agosto de 2014 en la Gaceta Oficial y que lleva la firma del presidente de la República, Juan Carlos Varela, y del ministro de Seguridad, Rodolfo Aguilera, en la que se ordena dejar sin efecto la jubilación anticipada del subcomisionado Rony Rodríguez. Posteriormente, este oficial fue destituido.
Para el jurista, el motivo era un mecanismo de presión para que declarara en contra del expresidente Ricardo Martinelli, pero como no lo hizo, lo destituyeron y dejaron sin el derecho a la pensión especial que recibe todo uniformado cuando se acoge a su merecido retiro.
El ‘Plan Varela’
El mismo se empezó a ejecutar desde el día uno, cuando les pidió públicamente a través de TVN Canal 2, propiedad de su principal donante, Stanley Motta, la renuncia a los entonces magistrado presidente de la Corte Suprema de Justicia, José Ayú Prado, magistrado Alejandro Moncada Luna, procuradora Ana Belfon y fiscal electoral Eduardo Peñaloza.
Ya en el poder, Varela mostró su control sobre el Tribunal Electoral (TE), en el que los magistrados, en evidente acuerdo con el mandatario, admitieron todas las impugnaciones contra diputados del opositor Cambio Democrático (CD), y más tarde decidieron convocar a nuevas elecciones para favorecer a los candidatos del oficialismo, a tal nivel que el Partido Panameñista logró cuatro nuevas curules. En medio de las críticas, Varela reeligió en el cargo al magistrado Eduardo Valdés Escoffery, lo que fue catalogado como un pago de favores por el manejo de las impugnaciones. La esposa de Valdés Escoferry fue nombrada como miembro del Consejo de Relaciones Exteriores. Además, la esposa del hijo del magistrado Erasmo Pinilla fue nombrada como cónsul en Tampa, Florida.
El mandatario panameño, en sus designaciones, ha mostrado su interés en lograr el control total de las entidades del Estado, imponiendo al contralor, Federico Humbert, a la procuradora general de la nación, Kenia Porcell, y el fiscal de Cuentas, Guido Rodríguez. Una de las últimas designaciones, la cual hizo por intermedio del control que ejerce sobre la Corte, es la del excandidato a diputado por el Partido Panameñista Alberto Cigarruista como magistrado del Tribunal de Cuentas.
Con el Plan Varela, con el cual se busca acabar con todos los dirigentes de CD, que es el único colectivo que está en oposición, teniendo en cuenta que el Partido Revolucionario Democrático (PRD) tiene un pacto de gobernabilidad, ha llegado hasta el punto de que ayer la fiscal segunda Anticorrupción, Lizzeth Chevalier, supuestamente solicitó a la Corte que se investigue al expresidente Ricardo Martinelli.
En una presunta nota, sin firma y que no ha sido recibida en la Corte, la fiscal compulsa el expediente en el que investiga al exdirector del Programa de Ayuda Nacional, Giacomo Tamburrelli, para que inicie un proceso contra el exmandatario.
También el contralor, que responde a Varela, ha creado la Dirección de Investigación Forense, que es un ente que busca involucrar a exfuncionarios de la administración de Ricardo Martinelli en supuestos actos de corrupción.
Investigaciones fabricadas bajo las presiones contra un testigo protegido
El abogado Alejandro Pérez cuestionó el hecho de que el testigo protegido que están usando contra Alejandro Garuz y Gustavo Pérez sea un sargento de la PN.
  • 6 meses lleva el gobierno de Juan Carlos Varela en el poder.
Frase
  • Puedo asegurarles que en Panamá no se respeta el debido proceso; decretan detención antes de indagatoria, cuando la ley no lo permite. Ricardo Martinelli - Presidente de Cambio Democrático.

          Corte Suprema insta a la Alcaldía de Panamá cumplir suspensión        

La Sala Tercera de la Corte Suprema de Justicia ordenó en 2009 la suspensión del permiso de construcción de esta  estructura situada en el corregimiento de San Felipe.


          "Soy la única voz de oposición que critica al dictador Varela": Martinelli        

"Soy la única voz de oposición por eso me quieren callar"




"Soy la única voz de oposición que critica al dictador Varela y por eso me quieren callar y me inventan toda clase de ilegalidades jurídicas", así reaccionó el expresidente de la República, Ricardo Martinelli en su cuenta de twitter a las publicaciones en su contra.
"Como el líder de la oposición debo aguantarme todas las mentiras que me inventan para callarme. Por eso me persiguen políticamente a diario", indicó Martinelli en otro tuit.
Añadió "Si aquí imperará el imperio de la ley y no el odio y persecución política de Varela, quienes lo adversan  no necesitaríamos inmunidad".
Finalmente, el exmandatario señaló "El tiempo me dará la razón. Si me callan a mí te van a callar a ti igual. Aquí solo hay persecución política y no impera el debido proceso".

          Martinelli denuncia persecución política contra quienes adversan Gobierno de Varela        
El expresidente de la República, Ricardo Martinelli denunció este lunes que existe una persecucion politica contra quienes adversan el Gobierno del presidente Juan Carlos Varela.
Prueba de ello es el allanamiento y posterior detención del exdirector del Consejo de Seguridad Alejandro Garúz y exdirector de la Policía Nacional, del Consejo de Seguridad y viceministro de Seguridad, Gustavo Pérez.
"Esto solo pasaba en dictadura y ahora", escribió en su cuenta de twitter Martinelli. En otro tuit señaló lo siguiente: "En Panamá bajo este Gobierno NO se respeta el debido proceso y la persecución política es lo que impera contra quienes adversan a Varela".
Martinelli aseguró que el equipo de escuchas telefónicas, por el cual están siendo investigado Pérez y garúz está en la sede de la Policía Nacional. "Gracias al equipo de escuchas telefónicas pudieron dar con el paradero del empresario que fue secuestrado", añadió.
La madrugada de este lunes allanaron las casas de Gustavo Pérez y Alejandro Garúz por su supuesta vinculación a un equipo de escuchas telefónicas comprado durante la administración del expresitdente Ricardo Martinelli.

          La mano que mece la corte        




LA PRENSA - Alberto Cigarruista se convirtió en magistrado del Tribunal de Cuentas por imposición del Ejecutivo. Así lo dio a entender el propio abogado, quien aseguró que el presidente, Juan Carlos Varela, le ofreció ese cargo al no poder complacerlo con un ministerio, su primera solicitud.
“Yo hablé con el Presidente. Le dije que aspiraba a ser ministro, me dijo que ya los tenía comprometido. Luego me dijo ‘bueno vamos a optar por el cargo de magistrado del Tribunal de Cuentas a ver si es posible’”, reveló Cigarruista en una entrevista concedida a Telemetro en un hotel en la ciudad. Vestía de saco y corbata, hablaba con voz calmada. Parecía satisfecho con lo que decía.
El lunes pasado, 5 de los 9 magistrados de la Corte Suprema de Justicia (CSJ) escogieron a Cigarruista entre una lista de más de 50 candidatos. Los magistrados que le dieron su voto fueron Oydén Ortega, Jerónimo Mejía, Harley Mitchell y Víctor Benavides, nombrados por el perredista Martín Torrijos, al igual que Abel Zamorano, suplente de Alejandro Moncada Luna, nombrado por Ricardo Martinelli. Estos cinco consideraron que Cigarruista era la mejor opción pese a los escándalos de corrupción que lo persiguieron cuando fue precisamente magistrado de la CSJ y coincidió con ellos mismos.
Cigarruista también confesó en la entrevista que varias figuras -incluyendo diputados- del Partido Panameñista, al que pertenecía hasta hace poco, hablaron con los magistrados de la CSJ para “buscarle votos”. “Es posible que sí, yo tengo amigos, muchos amigos. No creo que haya sido presión”, dijo el abogado.
La designación de Cigarruista en la Corte se da seis meses después que fuera derrotado como candidato a diputado por el Panameñismo en el circuito 7-2, representado hoy en la Asamblea Nacional por Mariela Vega, de Cambio Democrático.
Varela, en tanto, atribuyó a los magistrados la responsabilidad de escoger a Cigarruista. “Cero injerencia. Los magistrados de la Corte tomaron su decisión. Él presentó sus papeles ante la Corte, y fue la corte la que lo escogió a él. Yo tengo facultad para designar a un magistrado del Tribunal de Cuentas pero eso no es en este momento, es más adelante”, dijo el mandatario.
PROMESAS OLVIDADAS
De ser ciertas las declaraciones de Cigarruistas, Varela no solo transgrediría las separación de los poderes del Estado, contenidas en el artículo 2 de la Constitución, que advierte que los tres Órganos “actúan limitada y separadamente”.
El mandatario también incumpliría parte de sus promesas de campaña y su plan de gobierno que durante varios meses recitó de memoria en todos los actos a los que asistió.
En la página 15 de su plan de gobierno aparece el eje 2, dedicado al “fortalecimiento de la democracia y del Estado de Derecho. Renovar la República”.
“Los corruptos no podrán regresar al Estado por nombramiento, ni por elección ni por contrato”, advierte el documento. Desde que apareció el nombre de Cigarruista como posible magistrado del Tribunal de Cuentas, varios sectores de la sociedad civil lo han acusado de corrupto.
“El caso Cemis sale luego que se comentara que el nombramiento de Cigarruista en la Corte se hiciera mediante varios sobornos”, dijo Mercedes Araúz de Grimaldo, exprocuradora de la Nación.
“Según lo que Cigarruista manifiesta podría haber una intromisión del Ejecutivo en el judicial. Pero eso es lo que él manifiesta, porque realmente la palabra del magistrado es de dudosa confiabilidad”, expresó la exprocuradora. “Es ilegal que una persona que participó en política partidista sea nombrado en un cargo como este”, añadió.
Araúz de Grimaldo enfatizó en que este hecho demuestra la complacencia del órgano Judicial hacia la figura presidencial. “Actúan en complacencia del Ejecutivo. No le dan la independencia que se merece la Corte”, dijo.
“Es sorprendente que de 50 aspirantes, los Magistrados de la Corte en su mayoría coincidieron dándole su voto a un solo candidato”, indicó Aurelio Barría, dirigente de la Cruzada Civilista. “El Ejecutivo no debe hacer manifestación ni recomendación alguna sobre designaciones propias de otros Órganos del Estado para que se mantenga la independencia necesaria. Si eso que dice Cigarruista se dio, flaco favor le hace el Ejecutivo al rescate que procuramos de la separación e independencia de los Órganos del Estado”, agregó Barría.
La docente Maui De Saint Malo, por otra parte, afirmó que el nombramiento de Cigarruista no le dará aprobación a la gestión de Varela. “Es el colmo que se atreva a decir que el presidente lo designó. Estoy en total desacuerdo. Le he dado apoyo a Varela desde que él era chico, pero con esto no estoy de acuerdo”, manifestó.
Por su parte, José Alberto Álvarez, considera que el nombramiento es oportuno y beneficioso para el gobierno, ya que Cigarruista, según él, “no salió desprestigiado ni con escándalos de enriquecimiento injustificado”.
Álvarez afirmó que conversó con un magistrado de la Corte que apoyó a Cigarruista y que le aseguró que no había recibido ningún tipo de presión por parte del Ejecutivo.
( Con información de Eduardo Mendoza, Aminta Bustamante y Rubén Polanco).


Cig

          "Quieren descalificar a Cambio Democrático": Roux        

El secretario general del partido Cambio Democrático, Rómulo Roux, afirmó que con todo lo que sucede en el país quieren descalificar a Cambio Democrático.

La designación de Alberto Cigarruista como magistrado del Tribunal de Cuentas, fue "parte de un pacto entre el presidente Juan Carlos Varela y el exmagistrado de la Corte", señaló este miércoles 7 de enero en Noticias AM, el presidente encargado del partido  Cambio Democrático (CD), Rómulo Roux.

Según el dirigente de CD, le comentaron hace varias semanas que el presidente Juan Carlos Varela le pidió a Cigarruista que no participara como candidato a diputado  en la contienda electoral del circuito 7-2 que corresponde a Los Santos  porque sería designado como magistrado del Tribunal de Cuentas.

Roux, afirmó que desconoce si se compró o no un equipo de escuchas telefónicas para el Consejo de Seguridad.

"Los panameñistas que gobernaron con nosotros y ahoran dirigen el Estados deben saber si se compró esa máquina", manifestó Roux.

En cuanto al caso del Programa de Ayuda Nacional (PAN), reiteró que debe cerrarse,  pero no si antes hacer las investigaciones. "No vamos a defender a ninguna persona que se le compruebe que ha cometido actos de corrupción", añadió a Noticias AM.
          'Pedí un Ministerio, pero me dieron el Tribunal de Cuentas': Cigarruista         
Cigarruista admite injerencia de Varela en su designación
PANAMÁ AMÉRICA - En declaraciones a Telemetro, el controversial político, quien fuera candidato del Partido Panameñista en las pasadas elecciones, aceptó que detrás de su nombramiento estuvo el presidente Juan Carlos Varela.

"Le pedí al Presidente (Juan Carlos Varela) ser Ministro y me ofreció el Tribunal de Cuentas buscando votos", fue lo que confesó Cigarruista en una entrevista al canal Telemetro.

El político enfatizó que su petición al mandatario fue que le diera un ministerio, pero este le contestó que ya estaban todos ocupados, por lo que le ofreció la magistratura.

Según Cigarruista, quienes votaron por él fueron los magistrados que trabajaron a su lado cuando estuvo en la Corte Suprema.

Agregó que cuando le hizo la petición al Presidente, este le contestó que ya todos los ministerios estaban comprometidos, y por eso le daría el Tribunal de Cuentas, pues allí tenía amigos magistrados que harían posible su nombramiento.

La designación del magistrado de Cuentas le correspondió a la Corte Suprema de Justicia, luego de que se le venciera el periodo a Ileana Turner Montenegro.
El exmagistrado de la Corte Suprema fue seleccionado en una votación fraccionada y contó con el apoyo de cinco magistrados: Harley Mitchell, Víctor Benavides, Abel Zamorano, Oydén Ortega y Jerónimo Mejía.

Los otros magistrados del Tribunal de Cuentas, Oscar Vargas y Álvaro Visuetti, cuyos periodos vencen en 2017 y 2019, respectivamente, fueron designados durante el gobierno de Martín Torrijos.

Tras estas declaraciones, diversas corrientes de la sociedad rechazaron la injerencia del Gobierno en el Órgano Judicial.

La abogada Mariela Ledezma, en su cuenta de Twitter, expresó que se le debe exigir al presidente Varela explicar su involucramiento si se supone que era la Corte Suprema la instancia que tenía que hacer la designación.

Otra que quiere escuchar la explicación del presidenta sobre lo expresado por Cigarruista es la dirigente del Movimiento Independiente (Movin) Anette Planells, quien considera que esta es una intromisión del Ejecutivo con la que se “nubla la independencia de los órganos del Estado”.

Planells consideró necesario ver caras nuevas en estas posiciones, que no hayan estado comprometidas con el manejo de la justicia en el pasado.
Por su parte, el veterano dirigente panameñista Jorge Gamboa Arosemena calificó como un descaro lo acontecido.

“Cigarruista renunció al partido hace 15 días. Ya había renunciado cuando pagaron para que fuera a la Corte. La podredumbre continúa”, expresó.

En tanto, Magaly Castillo, de la Alianza Ciudadana Pro Justicia, posteó en su cuenta que si la indignación contra Cigarruista que se plasmó en las redes sociales se trasladara a las calles, no tomaría posesión el próximo 15 de enero.

En un comunicado, la Alianza Ciudadana Pro Justicia indicó que con el nombramiento de Cigarruista se ignoró la hoja de vida de otros 50 candidatos al puesto y se terminó por confirmar las intenciones de la Corte Suprema en escoger al candidato del Ejecutivo.

La organización de la sociedad civil reprochó el hecho de que “la ley establece que el puesto es incompatible con la política”, y con esta designación, la Corte demuestra que “lo único que le preocupa es complacer al Ejecutivo”.

Pese a la ola de críticas que recibió con la reelección del magistrado del Tribunal Electoral (TE) Eduardo Valdés Escoffery, el Gobierno no ha cambiado en su postura de llevar un mandato sin consenso, hecho que queda demostrado con la designación de Cigarruista en el Tribunal de Cuentas.

Después de firmar los últimos nombramientos, el presidente Varela señaló que “estas designaciones se dan después de un profundo análisis con base en la comprobada experiencia”.

Para el exviceministro de Gobierno Alejandro Pérez, nombramientos como el de Eduardo Valdés Escoffery se dieron para pagar una deuda por sus actuaciones en la elección pasada.

“Todos los nombramientos han sido políticos, aquí no va a haber nada novedoso, pues van a continuar con las mismas prácticas”, expresó el abogado.
Añadió que la sociedad civil también tendrá que acostumbrarse a este tipo de actuaciones, hasta que haya un cambio en la ley a través de una constituyente originaria.

Aun el propio presidente Juan Carlos Varela había reconocido que Cigarruista era un gran dirigente político en el periodo de campaña, cuando este convocaba a inscripciones masivas de simpatizantes en el interior del país.

La sociedad civil recordó que fue el presidente Varela quien se comprometió en su plan de gobierno a consensuar con la sociedad civil sus ejecutorías.

“Promoveremos una mayor participación de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil, inclusive mediante observatorios ciudadanos, en el diseño, la implementación y evaluación de las políticas públicas...”, plasmó el mandatario en su programa de gestión.

No obstante, el abogado Ernesto Cedeño opina que “la administración Varela se está divorciando de la sociedad civil que la empoderó en el solio presidencial”.
Carlos Gasnell, de Transparencia Internacional, afirmó recientemente que se ha hablado mucho del combate a la corrupción, pero no de la consulta y participación ciudadana.

“Hemos visto cerca de cinco nombramientos, pero cero consulta y participación ciudadana”, detalló.

          Hubo un plan orquestado: Alma Cortés - Subsecretaria de CD        
Ese ha sido el premio mayor para el magistrado Eduardo Valdés Escoffery, así calificó la subsecretaria del partido Cambio Democrático (CD) la reelección del funcionario.
Cortés aseveró que la designación de Valdés Escoffery no es de extrañase, pues en los últimos años había favorecido políticamente a un sector.
Para la directiva de CD, no hay independencia en el TE, ya que está totalmente entregado al gobierno de turno.
“Están haciendo un trabajo al presidente de la República, quien mantiene las manos dentro del Tribunal Electoral”, apuntó.
La cúpula de Cambio Democrático ha criticado también que a lo largo de 35 años solo se haya permitido a una personalidad ocupar el puesto, tomando en cuenta que entre los casi 4 millones de panameños existen profesionales capaces.
Con esta designación no se garantiza la independencia de una institución que debería velar por la transparencia de los procesos electorales, para así promocionar la democracia.
  • 82 años de edad tendría el magistrado al final de su mandato.
  • Los magistrados del TE fueron duramente cuestionados por supuestamente actuar parcialmente

          Valdés Escoffery es premiado por Varela        
Ayer el nombramiento de Valdés Escoffery desató una lluvia de críticas por parte de diferentes sectores, quienes cuestionan que el mandatario Juan Carlos Varela haya mantenido a este funcionario como pago de algún favor, lo cual fue calificado como un irrespeto a la población.
La designación de Valdés Escoffery no solo representaría una ganancia de $4.2 millones del erario público para este funcionario, sino también la prueba de un plan ideado para los fallos de impugnación que supuestamente favorecieron al partido oficialista.
Ayer, en el Decreto Ejecutivo 836, el Órgano Ejecutivo ratificó el nombramiento por 10 años más de Valdés Escoffery, tras vencerse su periodo que ya acumulaba 24 años de servicio al frente de la institución. La firma de este decreto la efectúo Varela el pasado 26 de diciembre, antes de irse de viaje, sin que se hiciera público.
Esto, a pesar de que varios expertos hayan coincidido en que la decisión perjudicaría a la entidad, ya que requiere de un relevo generacional.
Para el exvicepresidente de la República Arturo Vallarino, “no queda duda de que este señor -Eduardo Valdés Escoffery- se prestó para anular elecciones de diputados a cambio de que lo mantuvieran como magistrado por 10 años más”.
Vallarino manifestó que ahora “queda en evidencia que se trata de una maquinación fraudulenta en complicidad con el presidente Juan Carlos Varela”.
Valdés Escoffery fue magistrado ponente en cuatro impugnaciones de diputados (7-1,7-2,9-1,2-1). En todos los casos pidió nuevas elecciones, favoreciendo a los candidatos del Partido Panameñista y del PRD.
Con el nombramiento de Valdés Escoffery y la posibilidad de que se mantenga al magistrado Erasmo Pinilla, preocupa a algunos sectores que consideran que el Tribunal estaría controlado por el actual gobierno para las elecciones de 2019.
Diógenes Vergara, del Movimiento Independientes por Panamá (Movin), indicó que el nombramiento de Valdés Escoffery es negativo para el país, pues cualquier reelección después de tanto tiempo lo representa.
“El poder es el único dulce que no empalaga, y por eso hay que quitárselo a los niños. En Panamá hay muchos profesionales y deben generarse los espacios para que aspiren a los puestos más altos”, opinó Vergara.
Sostuvo que el mensaje -del presidente Varela- pareciera ser que no existen más profesionales capacitados para el cargo.
“No entendemos el porqué de esa designación sin una explicación lógica y convincente”, destacó.
A su vez, el abogado Ernesto Cedeño coincidió en que si bien la Constitución no impide que la Presidencia le dé un espaldarazo a Valdés Escoffery, sería aberrante que tras varios desaciertos del TE se otorgue un nombramiento.
“Se impidió al PRD acceder a una elección parcial, y esto podría interpretarse como una compensación —del Gobierno— a este señor”, apuntó Cedeño.
El abogado cuestiona que “no es lo correcto porque de tantos ciudadanos conocedores del derecho, se insista en tener una persona que ya tiene un libro obsoleto de interpretación electoral”.
El fin de semana pasado, y previo a conocerse la designación, el presidente de la República, Juan Carlos Varela, evaluó que “-Valdés Escoffery- ha hecho un gran trabajo, sin duda alguna”.
Esto, incluso después de la denuncias de nepotismo que le fueron atribuidas al magistrado en el Tribunal Electoral.
El funcionario es señalado de haber emplanillado en el Tribunal Electoral a varios familiares, y obtenido el visto bueno de los gobiernos anteriores; entre estos el de Ernesto Pérez Balladares, donde se nombró a su hija en un consulado en Madrid.
El nombramiento del magistrado se produce paralelo al de su esposa, Irene Perurena, en el Comité de Relaciones Exteriores.
A pesar de que el nombramiento de la esposa de Valdés Escoffery se dio ad honórem, la contribución del magistrado a su ratificación es muy cuestionada.
Al vicepresidente del TE se le había visto en actividades públicas con el presidente de la República, Juan Carlos Varela, en este caso, la puesta en marcha de un proyecto institucional en la provincia de Colón.
Para el catedrático Juan Jované, en cualquier institución pública es importante la renovación.
“Si algo ha manifestado la población de este país ha sido que las reelecciones no les gustan; sería más adecuado que no se den, pues debe ayudarse a que entren nuevos aires y nuevas ideas”, sostuvo Jované.
Añadió que el momento tampoco es el adecuado, pues existen impugnaciones que requieren trámites.
“La democracia es así, implica renovar personas, entonces es bueno que en todas las instituciones se permita, por eso en Panamá no se concede que haya un presidente por más de cinco años”, destacó.
Magaly Castillo, directora ejecutiva de Alianza Ciudadana Pro Justicia, lamentó el nombramiento de Valdés Escoffery. Un “irrespeto” a los ciudadanos, acotó.
Sin embargo, el trabajo de Valdés Escoffery, al igual que del presidente Erasmo Pinilla, ha llevado un propósito anticipado de favorecer al Gobierno, denunció la subsecretaria general del CD, Alma Cortés.


          Ratificación de Escoffery sería una "sinvergüenzura": Bernal        


El constitucionalista Miguel Antonio Bernal afirmó que “si Varela comete el error de ratificarlo, le estaría haciendo no solo un daño enorme a la institucionalidad del país, sino que genera dudas e interrogantes: ¿qué favor le puede deber Varela a Valdés Escoffery para ratificarlo?”.


“Sería una sinvergüenzura de ambas partes, tanto de Varela como de Valdés Escoffery, quien debe darse cuenta de que 25 años en ese puesto ya son demasiado. ¡Basta!”.


Por su parte, el El exvicepresidente de la República y asesor legal de la bancada de diputados del opositor Cambio Democrático (CD) Arturo Vallarino se expresó en contra de la posible ratificación de Eduardo Valdés Escoffery como magistrado del Tribunal Electoral (TE) y afirmó que -de darse- sería “un pago por servicios prestados por amañar el proceso electoral”.


La reacción de Vallarino se dio tras las declaraciones del presidente de la República, Juan Carlos Varela, en las cuales este último dejó entrever la probable ratificación de Valdés Escoffery por 10 años más en el cargo.


El periodo Eduardo Valdés Escoffery como magistrado del Tribunal Electoral, en el que se ha mantenido por 25 años, vence este lunes 29 de diciembre, y en algunos sectores de la sociedad civil se mantienen a la incertidumbre de si el Presidente de República lo ratificará en el cargo por 10 años más. Algunos consideran que de ser nombrado, Escoffery debe declinar al cargo.


          Canasta básica aumenta y Gobierno alega ahorro de $63        
A pesar de que en los últimos tres meses la canasta básica de alimentos (CBA) ha mostrado un incremento tanto en los supermercados como en los minisúper, un comunicado de la Secretaría de Comunicación de la Presidencia indica que el Control de Precios generó un ahorro de $63.11 para los panameños.
De acuerdo con el documento, este logro se observó entre los meses de julio a noviembre de 2014 con la puesta en marcha del decreto de Control de Precios y su cumplimiento por parte de los dueños de locales que venden los productos establecidos.
Sin embargo, en el último informe especial de la CBA de la Acodeco, el costo en los supermercados para el mes de noviembre fue de $289.06 para las ciudades de Panamá, San Miguelito, Arraiján y La Chorrera, mientras que para los minisúper y abarroterías fue de $306.85.
Ambos resultados son superiores a los registrados en el mes de octubre, en el que se refleja que el costo en los supermercados era de $288.10 y en los minisúper de $306.32, según la Acodeco. De igual forma se observa en el mes de septiembre. (Ver infografía).
El mismo informe del mes de noviembre muestra que los productos que incrementaron su precio fueron: los plátanos con $0.07, la lechuga con $0.15, la naranja con $0.01, el pescado cojinúa con $0.09 y la pasta de tomate con $0.02.
Al comparar los grupos de alimentos que conforman la CBA con octubre pasado, se muestra que cinco de ellos aumentaron, uno se mantuvo igual y dos disminuyeron.
Ahorro ficticio
Para el presidente del Colegio de Economistas de Panamá, Olmedo Estrada, no es tan cierto que la población encuentra ese ahorro a la hora de adquirir los productos.
Señaló que se trata de un cálculo matemático sencillo que hace el Gobierno comparando el ahorro logrado en solo 22 productos, que no representa el universo de consumo en la canasta básica familiar.
Indica que matemáticamente disminuyen los 22 productos, no obstante, el resto no regulado ha sido objeto de aumento de precios en los últimos cuatro o seis meses.
Por su parte, la directora de la Cámara de Comercio, Industrias y Agricultura de Panamá (CCIAP), Úrsula Kiener, enfatizó en que no ha visto tal ahorro de $63.
“No sé de dónde sacan esos números, ese cuento que se lo echen a otro, porque esas cifras no tienen sentido; hasta donde yo tengo entendido, la canasta básica ha aumentado no ha bajado”, aseguró.
Mediante el comunicado las autoridades señalan que el decreto de Control de Precios ha ido de la mano con la implementación del Pacto Nacional por el Agro, pero a juicio de Kiener hasta la fecha solo se han presentado proyectos que parecen positivos, pero no se han empezado a realizar como debe ser.
Para el presidente del Sindicato de Industriales de Panamá (SIP), Ricardo Sotelo, con la medida del control sí se ha dado un ahorro en los productos regulados, pero no se sabe cuál ha sido su magnitud.
Añadió, “aunque no estamos de acuerdo con la medida, no fue sorpresa que la extendieran”.

          CD repudia que le den 10 años más a Escoffery en el TE        
Enlace permanente de imagen incrustada
El secretario general del opositor partido Cambio Democrático (CD), Rómulo Roux, calificó de “duro golpe para la democracia”, la continuidad de Eduardo Valdés Escoffery como magistrado del Tribunal Electoral.
En un mensaje colgado en la red social Twitter, el político opositor aseguró que la confirmación de Valdés en el cargo de magistrado es “pago por servicios prestados”.

Rómulo Roux, secretario general de Cambio Democrático, criticó la supuesta continuidad del magistrado. “Sería una aberración, un irrespeto para quienes pueden optar por este puesto. Valdés Escoffery ya hizo su trabajo en 24 años. En los útimos meses, estos magistrados estuvieron parcializados hacia una alianza de gobierno y preocupa que se piense en uno de ellos para mantenerse en el cargo”, dijo.
La reacción del también excanciller se dan, luego de que trascendiera en medios locales que el gobierno de Juan Carlos Varela puede ratificar a Valdés Escoffery, por 10 años más en el cargo de magistrado electoral, sumando así 35 años.
A Valdés se le vence el periodo como magistrado el próximo 29 de diciembre.

          Roux: TE, Panameñismo y PRD se aliaron para robarse curules         

Rómulo Roux, Secretario General del Partido Cambio Democrático (CD) denunció este martes a Nex Noticias, que durante las elecciones parciales convocadas por el Tribunal Electoral en los distintos puntos del país, hubo una alianza de esta entidad, junto con los partidos Panameñistas y el Partido Revolucionario Democrático para robar curules.
"El TE en alianza electorera con el PRD y el Panameñismo, en cercana colaboración con el ejecutivo, se trataron de robar las 11 curules. Solo pudieron por ahora, robarse 5”, sentenció.
Roux además sostuvo que de esas 5, existen 3 circuitos plurinominales en la que el TE violó la constitución permitiendo el doble voto, lo que hacia prácticamente imposible al CD, que ganara nuevamente esas curules. “El TE permitió alianzas entre partidos violando el Código Electoral”.
Por otro lado, señaló que en cuanto a las otras 2 curules que intentan robarse, haciendo referencia al TE, PRD y Panameñistas, manifestó que impugnarán las elecciones en la que los candidatos oficialistas en el circuito 4-5 y 4-6 de la provincia de Chiriquí, cometieron flagrantes violaciones al Código Electoral.
“Lo hicieron con de forma burda porque saben que cuentan con el apoyo incondicional del TE y la alianza del Gobierno”, aseveró. 

          CD impugna elecciones en los circuitos 4-5, 4-6 y 9-1         
Ruíz, Rosas y Ellis presentan impugnaciones de elecciones en los circuitos 4-5, 4-6 y 9-1



Tal y como lo había anunciado Rómulo Roux, secretario general del partido Cambio Democrático (CD), varios candidatos a diputados presentaron demandas de impugnación por supuestas irregularidades en las elecciones parciales de los circuitos 4-5, 4-6 (Chiriquí) y 9-1 (Veraguas).
 
Manolo Ruíz (4-5)  , Ana Giselle Rosas (4-6) y Porfirio Ellis (9-1)  presentaron este 25 de diciembre, sus impugnaciones ante la Fiscalía Electoral en Panamá, tras las elecciones realizadas en pasado domingo en Chiruqí y Veraguas.
 
"Presentando ante TE Demanda Nulidad de Elecciones celebradas el 21 de diciembre en el Circuito 4-6", escribió Rosas en su cuenta de Twitter.
 
Los candidatos de CD habían denunciado ante de las elecciones parciales en Chiriquí y Veraguas, irregularidades como repartición de bolsas de comida y cheques de la Red de Oportunidades, acciones que, según ellos, favorecían a los candidatos de otros colectivos. 
 
Incluso, el fiscal electoral de Chiriquí, José Félix González, denunció el pasado viernes 19 de diciembre, la repartición de dichas bolsas de comida por parte del Instituto de Mercadeo Agropecuario (IMA) en el circuito 4-6, por lo que inició investigaciones para determinar si hubo proselitismo político.  

          Cambio Democrático impugnará los resultados de las elecciones parciales        
Según Roux, las pruebas en los circuitos 4-5 y 4-6 ya existen


La Estrella - El opositor Cambio Democrático analiza presentar recursos de impugnación en los circuitos 4-5 y 4-6. Así lo adelantó el secretario general del colectivo, Rómulo Roux.
En los circuitos mencionados ganaron Athenas Athanasiadis, del Partido Revolucionario Democrático, y Jorge Albero Rosas, del Partido Panameñista, respectivamente.
Según Roux, las pruebas en los circuitos 4-5 y 4-6 ya existen.
Agregó que en los tres circuitos plurinominales, aparte de las violaciones directas a las leyes electorales, van a presentar recursos de inconstitucionalidad ya que el Tribunal Electoral violó la Constitución en la forma en que se desarrollaron dichos procesos.

          "Doble voto inventado por Pinilla define los resultados": Martinelli        
El llamado doble voto elimina curules del CD



El expresidente Ricardo Martinelli escribió en su cuenta de Twitter tras conocer los resultados de algunas de las votaciones de estas elecciones parciales.
 
"Doble voto inventado por Pinilla define los resultados en circuitos plurinominales. Regalo de navidad para el oficialismo", afirmó Martinelli en su red social. 

En el circuito 6-1, Manuel Cohen conservó su curul con 8,170 votos, mientras que en el circuito 4-5 la candidata por el PRD, Athenas Athanasiadis, ganó con 9,617 votos.
En tanto, el panameñista Iván Arrocha mantuvo su curul en el circuito 2-1, obtuvo 14,865 votos.
En el circuito 4-6, donde la disputa se daba entre Jorge Alberto Rosas, por el panameñismo, y Ana Giselle Rosas de Vallarino, por Cambio Democrático, se impuso el candidato por el Partido Panameñista con 7,931 votos. Las elecciones se dieron en otros tres circuitos a nivel nacional.
Este panorama es calificado como el resultado del denunciado “doble voto” implantado con una solapada ilegalidad por parte del Tribunal Electoral, el cual beneficia de forma directa al PRD, que mantiene un pacto de gobernabilidad con el partido gobernante.
Fuentes del partido Cambio Democrático señalaron que los resultados de estas elecciones parciales son producto del plan del “doble voto ilegal” impuesto por el Tribunal Electoral.
El CD ganó cinco de las 10 curules que fueron impugnadas y perdió las que estaban en juego en los circuitos plurinominales, donde la situación era complicada por el doble voto.
Tras conocer estos resultados, el expresidente Ricardo Martinelli posteó en su cuenta de Twitter: Doble voto inventado por Pinilla (Erasmo, magistrado presidente del TE) define los resultados en circuitos plurinominales. Regalo de Navidad para el oficialismo.
La composición de la Asamblea Nacional, tras las elecciones parciales ordenadas a nivel nacional por el Tribunal Electoral, coloca al PRD con la mayoría de 26 diputados, 25 del partido Cambio Democrático, 16 del panameñismo; Molirena 2; Partido Popular 1 y 1 independiente.
Peligrosa alianza
Para el jurista Ernesto Cedeño, el pacto de gobernabilidad resultó en las elecciones de ayer, sin embargo, considera que ambos colectivos tienen un “as” bajo la manga que la ciudadanía no sospecha. Hay un beneficio extra contractual que no sabemos.
Por su parte, el analista político Mario Rognoni aseguró que si el PRD y el panameñismo no se hubieran aliado, no hubieran podido derrotar al CD en estas elecciones parciales.
Hay una máxima que dice que el enemigo de mi enemigo es mi amigo... ellos se unieron por un fin específico, que era derrotar a Cambio Democrático.
Analistas afirman que el Tribunal Electoral sembró algunas dudas
Para expertos en materia política, el único perdedor durante estas elecciones parciales fue el Tribunal Electoral.
En el caso de Edwin Cabrera, el mayor pecado de los magistrados, cuestionados fuertemente durante todo el proceso electoral, fue cambiar las reglas en el último momento. “El Tribunal Electoral ha tomado decisiones absurdas como haber entregado una credencial en el 4-1, en el 9-1 y en el 2-1 para luego llamar a elecciones en estos circuitos. Pero además, mediante un decreto modificaron las normas para la asignación de curules en los circuitos donde se debían hacer de forma plurinominal y no uninominal”.
Para la exdiputada Teresita Yanis de Arias, el TE tuvo desaciertos que no deben repetirse.
“A mí lo que me ha llamado la atención ha sido la decisión del Tribunal Electoral para resolver lo que fue, a todas luces, un fraude electoral masivo”.
En tanto, Mario Rognoni destacó que este tipo de elecciones no motivan a los electores a salir.

          Ð”етская шапочка        

Это цитата сообщения Панамочка Оригинальное сообщениеДетские шапочки с укорочеными рядами.

Между полосками изнаночной глади есть лицевая гладь. Так вот, именно на её участках выполнено частичное вязание. Вяжем в направлении от лба к затылку, укороч.ряды присобрать, они будут на ушках, пришить цветочки. Обвязать резиночкой по кругу. Вяжем образец лицевыми и изн.полосами и считаем от лба к затылку через макушку кол-во рядов работы. Набираем кол-во петель, равное половине объёма головы. На полосках лиц.глади вяжем ряды укороченные, вяжем полосу изнаночную, на лиц - укороченные и т.д. Укороч.ряды выполнять, расположив их в левой части и в правой части работы, по середине (от лба к макушке) вяжем прямо.
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Укороченные ряды (или недовязанные петли ряда) используются при вязании полотен расширенного силуэта, при необходимости выполнения различных вытачек на деталях и т. д. Место ввода их и размеры определяются по выкройке исполняемой модели. Укороченные ряды можно выполнять как по лицевой, так и по изнаночной стороне детали.

Первый вариант. Укороченные ряды провязываются одновременно с обеих сторон полотна через ряд.

После предварительного расчета и разбивки петель на группы начинать вязать по лицевой стороне детали.

1-й ряд—от начала провязать до рассчитанной группы петель и оставить ее недовязанной на левой спице. Полотно повернуть на изнаночную сторону.

2-й ряд — рабочую нить отвести назад между двумя спицами. Правую спицу подвести под рабочую нить в 1-ю петлю снизу и снять ее со спицы. Накинутая нить должна быть размещена перед снятой петлей (то есть так же, как при обратном накиде). Снятую петлю с накидом придерживать указательным пальцем правой руки, одновременно размещая рабочую нить на левой спице и на указательном пальце левой руки. Изнаночный ряд вязать до очередной группы петель, которую необходимо оставить не-провязанной. Повернуть полотно на лицевую сторону.

3-й ряд — рабочая нить за спицей и на указательном пальце левой руки. Конец правой спицы подвести под рабочую нить и в 1-ю петлю снизу и снять ее со спицы. Накинутая нить должна быть размещена перед петлей и на указательном пальце левой руки. Таким способом следует провязать рассчитанное количество рядов. При этом необходимо помнить, что снимать петлю и размещать рабочую нить надо так, как во 2-м ряду, а в лицевых — как в 3-м.

После последнего укороченного ряда по изнаночной стороне полотно повернуть на лицевую сторону и 1-ю петлю снять с накидом, а остальные провязать до конца. Накиды, полученные перед каждой группой недовязанных петель, провязывать вместе со снятыми петлями по лицевой стороне лицевой петлей за верхние дольки. Подтянуть рабочую нить.

В изнаночных рядах снятую петлю укороченного ряда провязывать вместе с накидом изнаночной первым способом. Рабочую нить подтянуть.

Второй вариант. В этом случае укороченные ряды провязываются раздельно —вначале по лицевой, затем по изнаночной стороне полотна через ряд. Определив количество петель для укорачивания рядов с обеих сторон полотна, разбить петли на группы, в которых может быть любое количество петель, и наметить место начала выполнения укороченного ряда.

1-й ряд — от начала лицевого ряда связать рассчитанное количество петель для укорачивания. Повернуть полотно на изнаночную сторону.

2-й, ряд—рабочую нить пропустить между концами спиц на указательный палец левой руки и сделать накид. Провязать изнаночный ряд до конца. Повернуть полотно на лицевую сторону.

3-й ряд — в конце лицевого ряда оставить еще одну группу петель не-довязанными. При последующем вязании в каждом лицевом ряду не-довязывать столько петель, сколько рассчитано для каждой группы, и так до тех пор, пока все рассчитанные петли окажутся недовязанны-ми на левой спице. Затем от начала и до конца лицевого ряда провязать все петли ряда. Снятые петли в предыдущих рядах провязывать; вместе с накидом, как описано выше.

Укороченные ряды по изнаночной стороне провязываются так же, как и по лицевой, то есть снимается петля с накидом после каждого укорачивания.

Дальше продолжать вязать по выкройке.

Серия сообщений "Вязание":
Часть 1 - Пинетки-зефирки.
Часть 2 - Сумочка для девочки крючком.
...
Часть 10 - Вязаная пасочка и пасхальные яйца. Описание.
Часть 11 - Пасхальный Заяц с кармашками для яиц Схема, описание и идеи.
Часть 12 - Детские шапочки с укорочеными рядами.

          Spreading some Hipanama Warm Feelings!        


Just looking at Hipanema's Instagram brings us such happy feelings of the sun on our skin and cool drinks in hand.

          Comentario en Nicaragua, dictadura en familia por jotaefeb        
Las ilusiones perdidas No había leído la autobiografía de Sergio Ramírez, Adiós muchachos (2007), y acabo de hacerlo, conmovido. Es un libro sereno, muy bien escrito, exaltante en su primera mitad y bastante triste en la segunda. Cuenta la historia de la revolución sandinista que puso fin en 1979 a la horrible dinastía de los Somoza en Nicaragua, una de las dictaduras más corruptas y crueles de la historia de América Latina, y en la que él tuvo un papel importante como conspirador y resistente primero, y, luego, en el gobierno que presidió el comandante Daniel Ortega, en el que fue vicepresidente. Fueron muchos años de lucha, muy difíciles, de sacrificio y heroísmo, en los que miles de nicaragüenses perdieron la vida y la libertad, padecieron torturas, exilio, largos años de cárcel, enfrentándose a una Guardia Nacional cuyo salvajismo no tenía límites. Los rebeldes eran, sobre todo al principio, personas humildes, los pobres entre los más pobres, pero luego fueron sumándose gente de la clase media y, al final, profesionales, empresarios y agricultores, y principalmente sus hijos, movidos por un idealismo generoso, la idea de que, con la caída de la dictadura, comenzaría un periodo de justicia, libertad y progreso para el pueblo de Rubén Darío y de Augusto César Sandino. Muchas mujeres combatieron en la vanguardia de esta revolución, así como los católicos –Nicaragua es tal vez el país donde el catolicismo está más vivo en América Latina– y Ramírez describe con mucha pertinencia las distintas corrientes que conformaban esa disímil alianza de comunistas, socialistas, demócratas, liberales, castristas que respaldaron la revolución en un principio, antes de que comenzaran las inevitables divisiones. Las páginas de Adiós muchachos que evocan el entusiasmo y la alegría con que vivieron la inmensa mayoría de los nicaragüenses los primeros tiempos de la revolución –las campañas de alfabetización, la conversión de cuarteles en escuelas, la distribución de las tierras y fábricas expropiadas a los Somoza y sus cómplices a los sectores de menores ingresos– son emocionantes, el inicio de lo que parecía ser la gran transformación de Nicaragua en un país de veras libre, democrático y moderno. No ocurrió así y Sergio Ramírez responsabiliza del fracaso de la revolución sandinista a “la contra”, armada y financiada por la CIA. Yo tengo la impresión de que la contrarrevolución fue más bien un efecto que una causa, por el descontento que cundió en un sector amplio de la sociedad nicaragüense con la política equivocada del régimen destinada a convertir al país en una sociedad estatizada y colectivista, con las nacionalizaciones masivas y la creación de granjas campesinas al estilo soviético, y las emisiones inorgánicas que en vez de impulsar arruinaron la economía nacional y desataron una inflación galopante, que, como siempre, golpeó sobre todo a los más pobres. El desbarajuste y el caos, y, por supuesto, la corrupción que todo ello originó, la llamada piñata –el reparto entre la gente del poder de los bienes y dineros supuestamente públicos–, que Sergio Ramírez describe magistralmente en el capítulo de su libro titulado con agrio humor “Los ríos de leche y miel”, tenían que desencantar y empujar a la oposición a muchos nicaragüenses que odiaban a la dictadura de Somoza, pero no querían que la reemplazara una segunda Cuba. (Dicho sea de paso, es fascinante descubrir en Adiós muchachos que una de las personas que más trataba de moderar a los dirigentes sandinistas en sus reformas revolucionarias ¡era Fidel Castro!). La segunda parte del libro es de una creciente tristeza, pues en ella se describe el progresivo descalabro de la revolución, las divisiones entre los sandinistas, y la lenta pero segura ascensión del comandante Daniel Ortega y su esposa Rosario Murillo al vértice de un poder del que solo han gozado un puñadito de sátrapas en la historia latinoamericana. Tierra de grandes poetas y excelentes escritores, como el propio Sergio Ramírez, Nicaragua tendrá que producir algún día la novela que eternice la historia de Daniel Ortega, este alucinante personaje que, luego de dirigir la revolución sandinista contra los Somoza, se fue convirtiendo él mismo en un Somoza moderno; es decir, en un dictadorzuelo corrompido y manipulador que, traicionando todos los principios y aliándose con todos sus enemigos de ayer y tras antes de ayer, ha conseguido gozar de un poder absoluto a lo largo de veinte años, haciéndose reelegir en unas elecciones de circo, y, a pesar de todo ello, gozando todavía –por extraordinario que parezca– de cierta popularidad. Para conocer algo de su historia hay que cerrar Adiós muchachos y leer el espléndido ensayo del mismo Ramírez en El estallido del populismo (2017), “Una fábrica de espejismos”, donde está sintetizada, con trazos maestros de realismo mágico, la trayectoria hasta nuestros días de este inverosímil personaje. Por lo pronto, experimentó una oportuna conversión al catolicismo y ahora comulga devotamente de la mano del cardenal Miguel Obando y Bravo, su antiguo enemigo mortal y ahora aliado acérrimo que ha dado su bendición al gobierno “cristiano, socialista y solidario” de los Ortega/Murillo. También ha hecho pacto con empresarios mercantilistas que, a condición de no hablar nunca de política, hacen muy buenos negocios con el régimen. Pero, quizás, lo más sorprendente sea que, en la variopinta alianza que han conseguido armar para mantenerse en el poder Daniel Ortega y Rosario Murillo –esta es su vicepresidenta y podría ser la próxima presidenta de Nicaragua si su esposo decide tomarse algunas vacaciones–, también figuran los brujos, santeros, curanderos, hechiceros y taumaturgos del país. Cito a Ramírez: “La mano abierta de Fátima, hija de Mahoma, con un ojo al centro, que representa bendiciones, poder y fuerza, y también protección contra el mal de ojo, estuvo desde 2006 detrás de la pareja presidencial en el salón de sus comparecencias, en un inmenso mural”. El ensayo también refiere los fantásticos proyectos con que el gobierno de la ya celebérrima dupla, émula de la de House of Cards, alimenta las ilusiones de sus electores, como el famoso Gran Canal de Nicaragua, que iba a competir con el de Panamá y que sería financiado por el multimillonario chino Wang Ying (ya quebrado y olvidado) y una planta de productos farmacéuticos en Managua llamada a producir nada menos que ¡una vacuna contra el cáncer! La lista de ficciones así es larga y parece salida de Macondo. Todas estas cosas las cuenta Ramírez sin alterarse, con objetividad, aunque detrás de la moderación y elegancia con que escribe, se adivina un hondo desgarramiento. El suyo debe ser el de muchos nicaragüenses que, como él, dedicaron los mejores años de su vida, su tiempo y sus sueños, a luchar por una ilusión histórica que vivió una efímera realidad y se fue luego deshaciendo y transformando en grotesca caricatura. Por Mario Vargas Llosa
          Obra de teatro para dos mujeres y un hombre MARITALES de Ciro Acevedo Yañez        
Maritales es una obra ganadora del  premio Dramaturgia  de la prestigiosa  Monte Avila Editores edición 2008. El autor es Ciro Acevedo Yañez, actor, director y dramaturgo venezolano.

Esta no es una obra para teatro escolar ni con temática juvenil, como su nombre lo indica trata sobre conflictos de pareja que los adolescentes y jóvenes no van a entender.
Si estas buscando un texto para presentar de manera profesional, sigue leyendo. Y si el texto te gusta ponte en contacto con el autor sobre los derechos de presentación de su obra.

Obra de teatro para dos mujeres y un hombre

Maritales

Personajes 
SERGIO: Cincuentón bien conservado
MARY: Próxima a los 30 años. Hermosa
LAURA: Cuarentona bien conservada.

Acto I 


Al centro, un espacio que aparenta ser un ventanal, servirá para proyectar el mundo audiovisual que interiorizan los personajes de este mundo clase media conformado por: Sergio, somnoliento y apoltronado en su chaise longue mientras hace zapping. Viste una bata que le resta juventud. A su lado esparcidos, están los periódicos del día y las revistas económicas de la semana y un bar portátil. 

Al otro extremo, un par de sillas con una mesa telefonera al centro, es el espacio de Mary. Se aplica una crema para las manos, delicadamente.Viste un negligé poco agraciado. 

Ambos miran frontalmente al público la secuencia del audiovisual: 
1. Una misión interplanetaria. Un módulo espacial se desplaza por el universo, al fondo se ve la tierra. 
2. Grandes inundaciones por efecto invernadero. 
3. Rostro de niño africano, con evidentes signos de hambre. 
4. Una pareja brinda amorosamente en un lujoso restaurante. 
5. Ruinas por un bombardeo en el medio oriente. 
6. Rostros sonrientes de políticos reunidos en una cumbre mundial. 
7. Emisión de gases altamente contaminante.  
8. Deshielo de glaciales. 
9. Una pareja besándose apasionadamente. 
10. Subjetiva de una mujer llevándose a la boca una anticonceptiva. 

(El audio en off es ininteligible porque se ha alterado mecánicamente la velocidad del narrador. A Sergio le causa repulsión la última imagen de la secuencia. Compulso, apaga la emisión del noticiero televisivo. Mary inalterable.)



SERGIO: ¡Sinvergüenzas!… Razón tenía mamá cuando sentenció que las anticonceptivas, serían el comienzo de la degeneración moral. 
MARY: Todavía lo dice. 
SERGIO: Y eso que no se ha enterado que legalizaron la píldora del día después… 
MARY: (Autómata) Les quedó redondito: la de antes para el «antes» y la del después para… SERGIO: ¡Alcahuetes! En eso se convirtieron los científicos. Por un lado curan los cuerpos y por el otro, pudren los espíritus. 
MARY: No había pensado en eso. 
SERGIO: Tampoco yo, pero tu suegra sí... Lo dijo hasta el cansancio. 
MARY: ¡Como siempre…! (Sonríe) ¿Te dije que papá estuvo en contra de cualquier método? Decía que con esa excusa, ninguna mujer llegaría virgen al matrimonio. 
SERGIO: ¡Lo mismo que pienso yo! 
MARY: «Nada que atente contra la vida marital» fue lo último que dijo y murió. 
SERGIO: Fíjate qué importante eso: murió borracho pero claro en sus ideas.
MARY: ¡Ah sí!, Es que no soportaba la desfachatez y ¿el libertinaje? menos, le daba ¡asco!…
SERGIO: Descansa en paz suegro mío. Y tu mami, ¿qué decía?
MARY: (Se queda en blanco) …Nunca opinó
SERGIO: Y falta no hizo: apenas la conocí en el manicomio, supe que había sido una santa mujer.
MARY: (Asiente con su cabeza) Fiel como ninguna.
SERGIO: Mujer de un solo hombre.
MARY: Y solamente en dos oportunidades. Una vez para traer al mundo a mi hermana…Y la última
para que naciera yo.
SERGIO: Mamá pasó una sola vez por ese asqueroso afán.
MARY: Valió la pena. Lo único que le adeudas es un nieto.
SERGIO: El tiempo de Dios es perfecto. (Se le escapa un bostezo. Hojea la revista.)
MARY: Lo tenemos todo para que el niño venga.
SERGIO: (Por la revista) Inmuebles, Inversiones...
MARY: (Por sus carencias) Amor… Ansias.
SERGIO: Todo. Aquí está todo… para llegar a la meta.
MARY: Hasta mis últimos óvulos sanos. ¿Hasta cuándo esperamos?
SERGIO: (Cae en cuenta de que hablan de diferentes temas)…Deberían preguntárselo a mamá. (Reparando) ¿Y esa bata? (A Mary la felicidad se le dibuja en el rostro. Él esquiva su mirada hundiendo su atención en un artículo de la revista).
MARY: ¿Te gusta? A mí, mucho (Gira lenta y torpemente sobre sí para llamar su atención). Por la seda, el corte… el color… ¡Por la fecha!
SERGIO: ¡Degenerada! ¿Cómo se le puede dejar a una mujer ser tan cara dura?
MARY: ¡Sergio!, amorcito… ¿Qué pasó?
SERGIO: La maratonista ésta… (Señala la revista) la muy sinvergüenza ganó todos los premios porque usaba esteroides...
MARY: (Aliviada) Pensé que...
SERGIO: Que sí tenía condiciones y que había llegado a la meta, honradamente.
MARY: Exactamente.
SERGIO: Ya decía que, tanta perfección en ese cuerpo, no era normal. (Detalla a Mary) ¡Normal eres tú!… ¡Estás como estás! Vas con tu edad.
MARY: (Se detalla) ¿Tú crees?
SERGIO: Claro. Esa bata, por ejemplo, va bien contigo. A simple vista uno dice: Ella es… toda una señora.
MARY: Si quieres… me la quito.
SERGIO: (Escandalizado) ¿Aquí? Estás loca. Cada cosa en su lugar. (Mary baja su cabeza apenada) ¿Qué pasa?
MARY: ¿A mí? Nada. Solamente pues… como son las doce de la noche y te tienes que levantar tan temprano… pensé que deberíamos… acostarnos…
SERGIO: (Bosteza) Con razón se me disparó mi reloj biológico.
MARY: (Desconcertada) ¿Ya tienes sueño?
SERGIO: Como nunca.
MARY: Yo no.
SERGIO: ¿Tomaste las pastillas?
MARY: ¿Hoy…?
SERGIO: Y mañana y pasado… y siempre. Mary, tú no puedes jugar con el tratamiento.
MARY: Pero Sergio…
SERGIO: Sin ningún «pero». Tómatelas y mientras tanto, reviso las cerraduras. (Se va por el lado izquierdo.)
MARY: (Lo ve salir y se desconcierta. Toma el teléfono y marca un número, llena de nerviosismo) Laura… ¿Estás ahí? Chica, perdóname la hora… pero… ¡Sergio no recordó que estamos de aniversario! Además, tiene sueño y yo… Si puedes llámame ahorita o… mañana… ¡o cuando te salga, pues!… ¡Cónchale vale, ¿qué te pasa conmigo? Devuélveme las llamadas!
(Cuelga el auricular. Toma el portarretratos y contempla la fotografía de su boda. En la ventana-pantalla vemos lo que ella observa. La iluminación cambia, circunscribiéndola. Toma un vaso con agua y unas pastillas, las traga.)
Mary: (Obstinada y a sí misma) Mary, atragántate de pepas y a dormir (Resopla deprimida y congela
su movimiento brevemente).
(En off se oye efecto de click obturador de cámara fotográfica. Cambio de iluminación. La fotografía proyectada se difumina. Mary, se levanta quitándose sensualmente la bata. La que trae por debajo es
una versión más atrevida de la que tenía puesta —tal y como le gustaría llevarla diariamente—. Se sienta en el chaise longue de su marido. Toma el control remoto.)
SERGIO: (Dicharachero) ¡Sinvergüenzas!... Razón tenía mamá cuando sentenció que, la píldora anticonceptiva, sería el comienzo de la degeneración.
MARY: Todavía lo dice...
SERGIO: Por decirlo nomás… ¡Con las lagunas que tiene! (Toma el control y apaga la TV). Mary,
mírame mi amor. Llegó tu diversión.
MARY: Ay, no lo digas así que pareces un viejo verde.
Siempre estás pensando en lo mismo.
SERGIO: Ah… ¿y tú no?
MARY: Sí, igual pero lo disimulo. Anda, acuéstate…
SERGIO: (Relamiéndose) ¿Ya? ¿De una vez?
MARY: Claro… Mañana tienes que ir a lo oficina… ¿O, no? Sergio va al barcito y toma una copa, se sirve un trago.
SERGIO: ¿Sabes qué? Inventaría cualquier pretexto para no ir.
MARY: (Doble intencionada) Tienes que cumplir.
SERGIO: (Pausita) Me pareció oír a mamá. (Contiene su risa burlona) ¿Un traguito?
MARY: Si me tomo uno… iré por el segundo y después (Ríe insinuante), no respondo.
SERGIO: Date con furia pero calladita… (Sirve dos tragos)
MARY: ¡No, vale! Me pica la lengua de las ganas que tengo…
SERGIO: (Infantil) Mami… Hoy no...
MARY: Ay sí papi… déjame decirte, eso que tanto te excita.
SERGIO: Estoy «ladillado» de oír tanta «habladera» de paja.
MARY: Anda, déjame hablarte como la tipa de la línea caliente.
SERGIO: (Se carcajea) ¡Coño, no!… Esa tipa es gorda, miope y con aliento de morgue. ¡Cómo se nota que no sabes de publicidad! (Le ofrece el trago) (Mary desganada niega con su cabeza y lo recibe) ¡Salud!
MARY: Ya va, primero dime, ¿por qué brindaremos?
SERGIO: ¿Por qué va hacer? Por mi «empresa matrimonial». Por los cinco años invirtiendo y ganando.
MARY: (Emocionada) ¡Gordo! Pensé que te habías olvidado…
(Chocan las copas)
SERGIO: Mal pensada. Es más, anteayer en plena reunión con los creativos que estaban exponiendo
las ideas para una campaña de un producto —qué sé yo—, el Presidente me preguntó: «Sergio, ¿có -
mo las ves?».
MARY: ¿Y tú?
SERGIO: (Poético. Soñador) «Redondas… firmes y tersas» (transición). ¡Mary, pensaba en tus tetas! (Ríe).
MARY: (Ríe feliz) ¡Ocioso! Y ¿cómo lo remediaste?
SERGIO: Como todo en este país: a punta de lengua. No importa lo que digas, lo importante es que no pares de hablar.
MARY: (Muerta de la risa) O sea, que no dijiste nada… porque si te sinceraras…
SERGIO: Ay, mamá… y con lo que me gusta a mí decirlo, ¡rico! Y que me lo digas.
MARY: ¿Viste, viste que sí te gusta que te diga cochinadas? ¡Pura pinta! Te haces el formalito y lo que llevas abajo es un volcán.
SERGIO: Caliente y a punto de estallar…
MARY: Si te conocieran... en la oficina…
SERGIO: ¿Qué te crees tú? ¿Que trabajo en la Santa Sede? ¡Sí cómo no! Esos carajos con un par de
estos (señala el whisky) se olvidan del mercadeo y lo que están pendientes es de…
MARY: De lo mismo que tú ¿O, no?
SERGIO: Todos somos unos bichitos…
MARY: La diferencia es que esos viejos tienen que pagar…
SERGIO: ¡Y duro!… a sus secretarias.
MARY: A sus peluqueras.
AMBOS: ¡A sus puticas! (Ríen)
MARY: En cambio tú sabes que aquí lo tienes todo-todito.
SERGIO: (Se le aparta) ¡Otro traguito me vendría bien!
MARY: Y por eso es que te haces el duro… (Sergio observa, sin saber qué decir. Ella haciéndose la
importante) Y no me mires así que, lamentablemente, mis hormonas… duermen… roncan…
SERGIO:Yo sé desperezarlas…
MARY: (Bosteza) ¿Ah, sí?
SERGIO: Ujúm… prefiero esperar a que se despierten…
MARY: ¡Ay, que paciente eres…! Pasarán años.
SERGIO: Lo bueno se hace esperar.
MARY: ¿Y cómo sabes cuándo ellas despiertan y gritan: ¡Acción!?¿las presientes? (Sergio niega) ¿Las husmeas? (Ídem) Entonces, dime, coño, ¿cómo haces…? ¡Anda dímelo, papi!
(Sergio rie e imita, a través de un gesto manual, el tic nervioso recurrente y particular de Mary.)
MARY: ¡Qué bolas…me descubriste! (Desencajada) Cada veintiocho días me da por… ¡Y yo creyendo que no lo habías notado!
SERGIO: Me hago el pendejo… Tranquila vale, sentir ganas es sentir la vida. Además, tú eres así como especial… porque le pones musiquita (Compone el tic físico y el sonido onomatopéyico). ¡Unma trum tic-tic… tic-tic! ¡Unma trum tic-tic… tictic! ¡Unma trum tic-tic… tic-tic! ¡Unma trum tictic…tic-tic!
(Mary, histérica, le lanza las revistas. Sergio, protegiéndose rie y sale de escena por el lado izquierdo. Ella queda congelada y en su rostro se dibuja pánico. En off se oye efecto de click obturador de cámara fotográfica. Cambio de iluminación. Regresa Sergio, trae una chaqueta de cuero en su brazo y un whisky servido. Descansa la chaqueta en el respaldo de su chaise longue. Detalla a su mujer y se le abalanza. La abraza. La besa por la oreja tiernamente. Ella lo esquiva. El insiste y luego intenta
besarle, pero Mary se le separa.)
MARY: Deja. (Pausa) ¿Qué es lo que decía tu mamá de la anticonceptiva hace cuarenta años?
SERGIO: (Desganado) ¿Otra vez con el mismo cuento?
MARY: Es que he estado pensando que el punto no es la píldora anticonceptiva que una se traga. Bueno, tú sabes que yo nunca la he tomado.
SERGIO: Déjate de pensar y pasemos a la acción.
MARY: ¡Quédate quieto! Oye esto: el punto a discutir es sobre las ganas que se tiene de ser fiel o no.
SERGIO: (Insiste en tomarla) Ese no es el punto...
MARY: ¿Ah no…? Y entonces, ¿cuál es?
SERGIO: El que te hago sentir (Agarrándolo, excitado) ¿Sí? Déjate, anda, estoy full… (Quiere acostarla sobre su chaise longue. Mary lo vuelve a esquivar)
MARY: En público, no... ¿Qué te pasa? Además, no me gusta que me trates así, como si yo fuese una
cualquiera… (tomando la chaqueta y, por oficio, limpia el polvo.) Soy una señora, ¿okey?
SERGIO: Okey, señora para lo demás pero NO para mí… Si no tuvieras ganas, no te vestirías así…
MARY: ¿Así cómo? ¿Ah? ¿Dime?
SERGIO: ¡In… insinuante… pues!
MARY: ¡Esto es el colmo! Me prometes llegar temprano y te apareces a la media noche, a medio palo
y encima me vienes con sandeces.
(Mary va a salir pero percibe que en el bolsillo de la chaqueta hay una tarjeta. La palpa. Cruza miradas con Sergio. La revisa y, en el enves, lee un número telefónico.)
MARY: (Modulando exageradamente el nombre que lee en la tarjeta) «Xiomara’s Stylos». ¿De cuando acá tu compañía se encarga de publicitar una peluquería de medio pelo?
SERGIO: Espérate Mary, que las cosas no son como parecen.
MARY: Eso es justamente lo que yo digo porque…
SERGIO: Porque ya vas a empezar a calumniarme.
MARY: ¿De qué te acusas si todavía no he dicho nada?…
SERGIO: Te conozco.
MARY: Y yo también. Por eso intuyo que esta tarjeta pertenece a aquella cosa que se nos cruzó al mediodía, en la puerta del restaurante.
SERGIO:Ya, va. Ya va…
MARY: (Cuaima) Ese envoltorio, celulítico, recubierta de chatarras sonoras y peliteñida, sólo puede llamarse Xiomara… ¿O me equivoco señor publicista?
SERGIO: ¡Qué vaina contigo! ¿Cómo se te ocurre? Además, en qué momento yo… ¿yo, hablé con alguien?
MARY: Claro que tuviste tiempo.
SERGIO: Qué bolas.
MARY: Cuando compré la revista en el kiosco. Te conozco, mosco.
SERGIO: ¿Vas a seguir con lo mismo? Te dije que no hablé con ella, que simplemente me metí en el
carro. ¡Verta!
MARY: (Repara en el envés de la tarjeta) Cero, cuatro, uno… ¿Y por qué tienes su número escrito a
mano? ¡Coño!
SERGIO: ¿Cuántas tarjetas no recibo al día, Mary? Yo ando en la calle… Veo, hablo con gente… Lo menos que puede aparecer en mi chaqueta es… ¡es una bendita tarjeta!
MARY: Júramelo.
SERGIO: Te lo juro por las cenizas de mi padre.
MARY: (Conteniendo la ira) Mi suegro está vivo, ¡infeliz!
SERGIO: Pero morirá y habrá que incinerarlo… ya lo pidió.
MARY: Búrlate de mí.
SERGIO: ¡Otra vaina más!
MARY: Claro sí… A ver, júramelo por tu madre.
SERGIO: Está bien… (Levanta la mano desanimado) Por mi mamá.
MARY: Así no. Jura con un puñado de cruces… ¡y los besas!
SERGIO: ¿Qué te pasa?
MARY: (Deprimiéndose) Que me siento otra vez… engañada… estafada… utilizada…
SERGIO: Es como mucho. ¿No te parece?
MARY: Muchísimo, porque no tienes límites. (Sergio se señala incrédulo) Tú, sí… tú mismo, chico. ¿O es que tú crees que ya me olvidé de la cantidad de veces que te vi, metiéndole ojo a cuanta «bichita» se cruzaba frente a ti?
SERGIO: ¿Te tomaste el antidepresivo?
MARY: (Histérica) Fue casarme contigo para que se te cayera la máscara.
SERGIO: ¡Qué máscara ni qué nada!
MARY: En plena luna de miel, te conseguí con… con la fichera esa.
SERGIO:Me viste hablando con la directora de Atención al Cliente del casino.
MARY: Hablarían lenguas muertas… porque con la «peliteñida», no te oí sino te vi.
SERGIO: Y vuelve el mismo sonsonete. Ponme otra musiquita, vale.
MARY: Tú que (lo imita) «no, chica, viste mal… no es así»… ¡Y era así!… Y después la otra, la otra y la otra… ¡Coño, yo no pude haber estado viendo alucinaciones siempre!
SERGIO: ¿Y por qué no? (Pausita tensa) Tu psiquiatra me explicó que esa fase alucinatoria es la peor. (Mary se desarma) Yo trato de entenderte, pero pon de tu parte (Pausa). Ven, vamos al cuarto.
MARY: No. No voy a acostumbrarme a arreglarlo todo en la cama. (Toma el teléfono inalámbrico y marca el número de la tarjeta) Cero cuatro uno…
SERGIO: ¡Mira la hora que es! Dame acá eso.
(Mary se le escapa mientras continúa marcando.)
MARY: Ya va. ¡Ella es mi solución! Quiero que tu peluquera me decolore y que me ponga aquí (se toma el cabello), ese amarillo putica que tanto te excita…
SERGIO: ¡Estás de remate, chica!
MARY: ¿Aló? (dulcemente celosa) Estoy llamando de parte del «Publicista»… Bueno, porque soy su
asistente personal… Óyeme pendeja: lo sé todo.
SERGIO: ¡Mentiras!
MARY: Me dijo que te quería hacer (doble intencionada) «un casting» porque tú tienes el tipo que a ese cliente enloquece… Porque le gustan gordas, ordinarias y putas como tú.
SERGIO: ¡No le creas, Xiomara!
(Mary cuelga. Ambos se miran con tensión.)
SERGIO: ¿Qué ganaste con eso?
MARY: (Señala con sus dedos) Dos cosas. Dos nomás. La seguridad y la libertad.
SERGIO:Y una camisa de fuerza.
MARY: ¡Estoy segura que no alucino, señor antifaz!
SERGIO: Epa, sin ofensas porque así no podemos hablar…
MARY: Te digo más: haré lo que me venga en gana sin remordimientos de conciencia.
SERGIO: ¿Tú? No me hagas reír…
MARY: Carcajéate. Dale. Comienza. A partir de mañana, me tiro a la calle y el primero que me haga un cruce de luces, me lo llevo a la cama.
SERGIO: (Burlón) ¿Quién iba a decir que terminarías tan liberal? (Transición) Eso no te lo crees ni tú misma, ¡necia!
MARY: ¿No dijo el cura que la mujer tiene que seguir al hombre en lo bueno y en lo malo? Entonces lo haré al pie de la letra.
SERGIO: Párame ese cuento ahí, Mary, que no me la voy a calar.
MARY: Déjame terminar. Estoy hablando de lo que te gusta.
SERGIO: Gustarme ¿qué?
MARY: El tema de los cachos te debe morbosear…
SERGIO: ¿A mí?
MARY: A ti. Porque, si no, ¿cómo me explico que me engañes tanto?
SERGIO: ¡Doble play, pues!
MARY: Acéptalo y ya. ¡Estás loco, loquito por enterarte de que meto a cientos, a miles de hombres en tu cama!
SERGIO: ¿Ah sí…? (Siguiéndole el juego por morbo) ¿Y? Y… ¿Qué le haces? ¡Vamos, cuéntamelo! Ábrete conmigo. Una fantasía puede tenerla cualquiera. (La toma entre sus brazos.)
MARY: ¡Hiedes a caña!
SERGIO: (Excitado) Di la verdad, di que te huelo a macho excitado.
MARY: (Renuente) Suéltame…
SERGIO: ¡Libérate! (La manosea) Imagínate que yo no soy yo. Imagínate que me trajiste de la calle… tómame… anda… házmelo.
MARY: (Lo abofetea) ¡Respétame!
SERGIO: ¡Y tú a mí! Ni en serio ni en joda me complaces. Entonces ¿qué?, ¿me vas a tener en perpetua cuarentena?
MARY: Resuélvete como siempre. Con la de turno o manualmente, tú verás. Porque éste cuerpo, señor antifaz, éste que tanto despreciaste, no será tuyo, nunca más. ¡Nunca!
(Mary sale de escena altiva. Sergio no sabe qué hacer. Se sirve un trago. Toma el control remoto, lo pulsa y se enciende la ventana-pantalla. Las luces bajan a penumbras. Bebe a fondo blanco. En off se oye efecto de click obturador de cámara fotográfica. Cambio de iluminación. Sergio se derrumba mientras se proyecta por video una secuencia rápida de planos de piel, tanto de hombre como de mujer. Contornos, líneas. Sólo piel. Se abre una luz y Mary está, exactamente igual al momento
en que iba a salir, pero percibió que en el bolsillo de la chaqueta de Sergio había una tarjeta. Ambos se congelan. Mary, mientras cruza miradas con Sergio, revisa en el bolsillo de la chaqueta. Extrae la tarjeta. Le van ta su mano, llevando cerca de su rostro asemejando una cuña televisiva.)
MARY: (Modulando exageradamente el nombre que leen en la tarjeta) «Xiomara’s Stylos» (Pausa. Realiza el tic corporal y el sonido onomatopéyico). Unma trum tic-tic… tic-tic.
SERGIO: (Para sí) Las cosas no son como parecen (Se percata de la presencia de Mary. Se le acerca en franco galanteo. La imita) ¡Unma…!
MARY: …Trummmmmm!!!!
AMBOS: tic-tic… tic-tic tic-tic… tic-tic tic-tic… tic-tic
(Se carcajean. Se abrazan sensualmente. Se alejan repitiendo el tic. Todo en escena oscurece. Solamente queda la secretaria de la ventana-pantalla repitiéndose. Pausa escénica. Luego un timbre telefónico. La luz. Es un nuevo día. Mary, entra vestida igual a como la vimos en la primera escena. Está desganada. Trae entre manos la chaqueta que corresponde al traje con el que se vestirá Sergio. Toma el auricular.)
MARY: ¿Aló?… Hola Laura. No te preocupes… Nos levantamos temprano. Todo bien. ¿Y tú, qué?
¿Pasó algo? Amiguita me tienes abandonada… Sí, sí ya sé que tu novio, no te deja sola… Me
alegro por ti… ¿Sergio? pues…
SERGIO: (Desde adentro) ¿La chaqueta?
MARY: (Habla alto) Aquí la tengo. (A Laura) Disculpa Laura, pero tú sabes que ésta es la hora de la
corredera y tengo que atender al «señor», como Dios manda. Todo en su lugar, a la hora en punto
porque si no…
SERGIO: (Desde adentro) ¿Le pongo azúcar blanca a tu café?
MARY: (Le responde) No. Ponle edulcorante, por fa… (A Laura) Laura, yo voy a estar aquí todo el día. Déjate de eso. No tengo ánimos para salir, mejor vente y me cuentas todo lo de Omar… (Ríe)
Francamente nunca te había sentido así, tan envalentonada… ¿te espero? No tienes por qué anunciarte. Ok. Chao… (Cuelga.) (Aparece en escena Sergio con dos tazas de café. Ya está vestido para su nueva jornada laboral. Mary lo ayudará, cual madre, a vestir. Le arregla la corbata, la
correa y hasta la pollina le peina.)
SERGIO: (Le entrega la taza de café) ¿Hablabas con Laura?
MARY: ¿Con quien más?
SERGIO: ¿Y esa cara?
MARY: La de siempre.
SERGIO: No me engañes. Tómate el café. (Ella lo hace) ¿Te pasa algo?
MARY: No me hagas caso.
SERGIO: Y ¿por qué no? Eres mi esposa desde hace, ¿cuántos? ¿Seis años?
MARY: Exactamente, ayer los cumplimos.
SERGIO: ¿Ayer? Ay coño, ¡Se me pasó otra vez!
MARY: Igual que el año pasado.
SERGIO: Es que uno, no está pendiente de… (Pausa. Bebe) Me lo hubieses recordado… tal vez anoche habríamos tenido un poco de acción…
MARY: Por favor, Sergio.
SERGIO: Deja que me excuse: un marido debe cumplir con sus obligaciones maritales.
MARY: El año pasado tampoco tuvimos nada y no te reclamé. Para mí no son obligaciones.
SERGIO: Pero lo son. En parte sí. A ver si lo entiendes mejor: es una parte del todo.
MARY: Se te va hacer tarde.
SERGIO: Mi deber es resolverte casa, comida, comodidad y…
MARY: Y nada más. Yo estoy bien, porque tú cumples en todo…
SERGIO: En casi todo, porque me falta la última «ce» (Enumera) Casa… Comida… Comodidad y…
Ca-ma.
MARY: ¡Ordinario! Ni que eso fuera necesario…
SERGIO: (Recoge la taza de ella y mira en el fondo) ¿Ah, no?
MARY: No. Lo único que me falta es un carajito.
SERGIO: Te falta acabar… (Por la taza) Te queda un sorbo. (Le devuelve la taza. Mary lo mira incrédula y luego bebe) Yo sé que tú a veces quisieras más pero debes comprender que si no hago uso
del matrimonio todos los días es porque tengo que madrugar… y por las noches, pues, llego muy cansado.
MARY: (Como una letanía) Por las reuniones interminables, por tu jefe insoportable, por el cliente
imbécil que no sabe lo que quiere…
SERGIO: Entonces lo único que me provoca al llegar es…
MARY: Tomarte un whisky
SERGIO: Exactamente… y como me relajo tanto pues… se me olvida lo demás (va a salir con las dos tazas).
MARY: Déjalas aquí. (Por la chaqueta) Ven, póntela… y ya… que no te estoy reclamando nada… Si tu mamá te oyera, pensaría que le estoy faltando al juramento que le hice.
SERGIO: (Atento) ¿Qué juramento?
MARY: Pues eso de que (la imita) «Hay cosas más bellas y espirituales en qué pensar».
SERGIO: Mi vieja… no se pela… (Colocándose la chaqueta) Porque si yo no trabajo duro, ¿de dónde vamos a sacar para darnos esta vida?
MARY: Si tú me dejaras. Con mi Licenciatura en Mercadeo, pues.
SERGIO: No tienes experiencia. Lo que te sale es un empleo público ¿Y tú crees que con un sueldito
de esos se puede vivir como nos gusta? ¡Por favor! Tendrías que ser Ministra.
MARY: Por lo menos pagaría mis cosas.
SERGIO: No te alcanzará ni para la peluquería. Y mucho menos para tus medicamentos. Qué proletaria eres. Piensa más arriba. ¡Business - business!
MARY: (Burlona y vengativa) Ay sí… porque tú eres el dueño de la compañía…
SERGIO: Todavía, no. Pero tampoco soy el que empezó creyendo que todo me sería fácil. Que con mi cara y mi título tendría el mundo a mis pies. Yo hice lo que me enseñó papá: trabajar duro, sin
excusas, sin ausencias y por mi cuenta.
MARY: (Para sí) Sin importarte nadie.
SERGIO: (En lo suyo) ¡Duro para escalar! (Ignorándola) Razón tenía cuando dijo: «Lo primero en la vida es el trabajo, sin trabajo no hay matrimonio que dure y sin matrimonio no hay sociedad completa».
MARY: (Enganchándose de nuevo) Papá también decía lo mismo… pero nunca lo practicó.
SERGIO: (En lo suyo) Y cuando se bebía unos cuantos tragos, en la Hermandad Gallega, me aconsejaba, (Lo imita cual gallego, fumando compulso) «Después, si te sobra tiempo hijo (tose), pues, desahógate con tu mujer…».
MARY: Desahogar… ¿qué?
SERGIO: La naturaleza del hombre. Somos diferentes: Mente diferente, cuerpo diferente, hormonas… todo, ¿entiendes? (Mary niega. Él en pose de machote) Cultívate mujer: anatomía pura y diferencial (se toma los testículos).
MARY: (Molesta) ¡Chico…! (Pausa) Mamá nunca me habló de eso. Pobrecita, a lo mejor papá tampoco se desahogaba con ella. Como todos los días llegaba borracho pues… (Repentinamente se ahoga en sollozos).
SERGIO: Te he dicho que no deberías recordar a tu familia. Mira cómo te pones. ¿Tomaste el antidepresivo? (Mary asiente) Últimamente te he visto rara… Deberías volver con el psiquiatra (Mary niega con la cabeza). O al endocrinólogo, pues… Él dijo que tenías problemas con la tiroides. Hipo -
tiroidismo, ¿no fue eso lo que dijo? (Mary asiente) Y que por eso es que te deprimes, por nada
más… (Mira su reloj) ¡La hora que es! Si no fuera por el tráfico.
MARY: No te preocupes. Anda, vete ya. Te va agarrar la cola.
SERGIO: Claro, claro… ¿Estás bien, verdad? Cualquier cosa, me llamas. (Va a salir, se devuelve) Casi me iba sin darte el besito de «feliz día».
MARY: Tranquilo. Laura vendrá dentro de un rato.
SERGIO: Aconséjala que no se case.
MARY: ¿Y, por qué no? Lleva un tiempito saliendo con Omar.
SERGIO: Lo mismo le pasó antes. Mas tardó saliendo que casada.
MARY: Dos matrimonios perdidos… No ha tenido suerte, la pobre.
SERGIO: O a lo mejor es que exige demasiado «la rica». Tiene pinta.
MARY: Sergio, por favor…
SERGIO: Eso lo notamos los hombres. Ah, que no lo digamos, es otra cosa.
MARY: Ella no habla de su vida íntima.
SERGIO: Es que un ser normal no necesita hablar, hacer y deshacer diariamente eso. Fíjate en nosotros ¿No la pasamos bien sin ser adictos sexuales? (Mary asiente) «Hay cosas más…».
MARY: (Completando)… «Más bellas y espirituales en qué pensar». Aunque claro, hay que hacerlo para engendrar. (Se enternece) ¿Te imaginas que tengamos una niña? Le enseñaremos eso también.
SERGIO: ¡Coño, la cola! (le da un besito, «piquito» desazonado.) (Sergio sale rápido de escena. Mary lo mira irse. Pausa. Detalla todo a su alrededor con infinita desolación. Se desploma en su silla. Reacciona sólo para tomar el teléfono sin marcar números.)
MARY: ¿Dónde estás, Laura? Vente rápido, me siento malísima.
(Cuelga el teléfono. Se recuesta. Cierra los ojos. Su cuerpo queda laxo. La iluminación cambia. Se abre un cenital al fondo y aparece Laura. Viste un traje ajustado y descotado. Trae puesta una peluca de color amarillo. Se aproxima a Mary.)
LAURA: (Como una letanía) Todas las semanas, de todos los meses, de todos los años que llevas de
casada, te sientes malísima.
MARY: ¿Será el hipotiroidismo?
LAURA: (Encogiéndose de hombros) ¡Qué sé yo! Tu hermana nunca sufrió de eso pero igualito cayó
en el picadero.
MARY: No quiero hablar de mi familia.
LAURA: Mejor, los muertos ya no son familia de una.
MARY: Su razón tendría cuando decidió quitarse la vida.
LAURA: Cosa que nunca entendí. ¡Zape! (Incisiva) Y tampoco entiendo a las que están aprontando su mortaja. Para mí la vida es ¡energía! Así que, vamos levántate (La ayuda a incorporarse).
MARY: (Quejumbrosa) Estoy aporreadísima.
LAURA: (Exageradísima) ¿No me digas que te dio? Mary, tú no puedes encubrirlo. Mira que si te
callas la primera vez te convertirás en su perita de boxeo.
MARY: ¿Cómo se te ocurre? Sergio es un santo. ¿No te das cuenta cómo me tiene…?
LAURA: ¡Hecha mierda!
MARY: No, Laura. Soy yo la que me escoñeto sola.
LAURA: Así era yo, hasta que me dejé de pendejadas.
MARY: ¡Ay! (Se soba los brazos y la nuca) Estoy como entumecida.
LAURA: ¡Me asustaste, vale! Porque como yo he visto tanto.
MARY: (Imitándola) Y has recorrido tanto… ¡Ay!
LAURA: Y lo que me falta… ¿No dicen que a la tercera es la vencida? Bien para allá voy… y si no, pues, será a la cuarta, o la quinta, o…
MARY: (Por sus dolores) Ay… ¿Será falta de ejercicio? ¡Ay!
LAURA: Puede ser. Chica, pon a sudar ese cuerpo.
MARY: La verdad es que no me provoca dar un paso afuera.
LAURA: Cuando tengo mis bajones, pues, convierto a Omar en mi entrenador personal.
MARY: (Sonríe adolorida) Tú siempre con el mismo tema.
LAURA: Es que todo está unido a eso. Fíjate, a lo mejor a ti te saldría bien una buena sesión de aerobic… Ahí, en tu misma cama, con tu maridito.
MARY: ¿Tú dices?
LAURA: Claro. Después de un buen round, sentirás la eficacia de los cardiovasculares… Cero tensión, cero dolor... y lo más rico, es que te sentirás livianita.
MARY: No todo en la pareja es piel… También cuenta el mundo de ideas.
LAURA: En eso somos geniales. Omar no es de mucho hablar, pero para inventar, está mandado a hacer.
MARY: Ah… ¿sí…?
LAURA: Y ¿por qué crees tú que me tiene medio loca? (Ríe) «Mi culito» 􀀀yo le digo así, tú sabes􀀀 ese no le para a nada. ¡Hace y deshace!
MARY: Y, ¿qué es lo que hace?
LAURA: Si me desea, me lo dice y me tiene.
MARY: ¿Y tú?
LAURA: Si lo deseo, se lo digo y me tiene. Nos damos con furia.
MARY: ¿Con la luz encendida o apagada?
LAURA: Encendida.
MARY: ¿Con ropa o sin ropa?
LAURA: ¡Desnudos, de bolas, como tiene que ser!
MARY: (Desvía la mirada. Nerviosa) Pero eso no lo es todo…
LAURA: Estas pálida.
MARY: (Titubea) El mundo es contención, reglas... normativas...
LAURA: Y las manos… te tiemblan
MARY: (Severa) Riendas… riendas… no se puede andar desbocado.
LAURA: Y la boca también… Mary, perdóname...
MARY: Esa libertad es dañina… todo lo corrompe… todo… todo.
LAURA: ¡Qué lengüilarga soy, en vez de quedarme callada! ¿Te busco una pepa?
MARY: Deja, deja. Es… que la cabeza me da vueltas… ¡la cabeza, el estómago… todo el cuerpo!
LAURA: Mejor será que te deje descansar.
MARY: No, no… quédate conmigo… estoy harta de la cama.
LAURA: ¡Porque no la aprovechas! Dormir se puede en cualquier lugar, pero francamente a tu edad, a mí no me dolía, lo que se llama «nada»: Y mira que no paraba de bonchar. Que si la disco, la playa… el Ávila… y aquellas perdidas… (Ríe) Chama, me despertaba sin saber en dónde ni con quién estaba (Se carcajea).
MARY: Por eso es que siempre quise ser tu amiga…
LAURA: Yo también te puse el ojo, en pleno entierro de tu hermana y, me dije: «Esa carajita es de pinga… No voy a dejar que le pase lo mismo, ¡Qué va! ¡Le sacaré la telaraña de la cabeza!».
MARY: Y así fue.
LAURA: Casi, fue.
MARY: Contigo pasé mi primer trasnocho. Me fumé el primer y último cachito.
LAURA: (Riéndose) Sí vale, tosiste como una tuberculosa y te dio sueño. Qué bien ibas, mi pana… hasta que te echaste a perder cuando te enamoraste de Sergio.
MARY: Él no me cambió. Él siempre fue muy formal…
LAURA: (Para sí) Anormal… diría yo.
MARY: Eso fue lo que más me gustó... Yo buscaba algo en serio…
LAURA: «Y en serie», di también. Porque tu vida, desde que te casaste, ha sido el propio dramón.
MARY: Con sus altos y bajos… Ahí vamos… Ayer cumplimos seis años.
LAURA: ¿Seis? Eso para mí sería un record Guiness. Y, ¿no te fastidias de lo mismo? O sea… (Mary desvía la mirada) Con razón estás molida. Echa tu cuento. (Mary ríe como una tonta para llenar el
espacio de las dudas) Lo único que falta es que ahora me digas que el tipo no te funciona.
MARY: …Sí, claro que sí. Sergio, es… es… bien.
LAURA: ¿Dotado?
MARY: ¿Cómo así? Laurita él es bien, bien chévere...
LAURA: Ay…chama, ¡me afocas con tu convicción! (Ríe)
MARY: De verdad que sí… él es...
LAURA: Lo que es y punto. Y bueno, si te funciona sácale provecho y verás cómo se te quitan todos
esos bajones.
MARY: Si tú lo dices.
LAURA: Lo digo yo y muchos científicos también. Chama, dicen que la vaina es tan, pero tan heavy, que te sube la endorfina ¿tú sabes lo que eso? (Mary niega) ¡Que ya no tendrás que tomar antidepresivos! (Ríe)
MARY: Se ve bonita esa idea…
LAURA: Pero tú, no. (Enfática) Tú te ves patética. Haz algo por ti. Renuévate. Anda, ve a cambiarte,
aunque sea por fuera. (Mary sale de escena. Laura se ubica en un extremo del proscenio para mirar al supuesto vecino, pero en realidad detalla a los hombres del público. La luz general baja y solamente un reflector la circunscribe. Se ilumina la pantalla-ventana. Es un primer plano de Sergio,
con lentes oscuros, que dialoga con Laura virtualmente, ella le responde desde su lugar.)
SERGIO: ¿Ya no te gusto?
LAURA: Me caso dentro de poco.
SERGIO: Esa no es la pregunta.
LAURA: Pero es mi verdad.
SERGIO: ¿Y de cuándo acá los hombres y las mujeres se dicen la verdad? (Se quita los lentes y sonríe maliciosamente detallándola).
(Mary entra a escena, vestida idénticamente a Laura. Trae un sobre en su mano. La proyección sale.)
MARY: (Histérica) ¡Me lo estabas ocultando! Pero, ¿cómo no me di cuenta antes?
LAURA: (Asustada) Mary, las cosas no son como parecen.
MARY: La misma frase trillada del desgraciado ese…
LAURA: Quiero decir…
MARY: Nada. Tú no tienes nada que decir…
LAURA: Pero, déjame hablar, coño.
MARY: Y ¿qué vas a decir? ¿Ah? Primero, tienes que saber cuál es el asunto para después opinar.
LAURA: No entiendo.
MARY: Ese es tu problema conmigo. No me escuchas. No me dejas decir mis cosas. ¿Por qué dices que eres mi amiga si me haces eso?
LAURA: Epa, no es así… yo te lo puedo explicar.
MARY: Ajá dime, ¿Qué puedo hacer si el desgraciado ese, hipotecó este apartamento, hasta los muebles, para comprarse un penthouse en Panamá... (Llora).
LAURA: (Boquiabierta y aliviada por la confusión) ¡No! O sea…
MARY: Sí… (Por el sobre) Aquí lo dice… y me quedé en la calle porque lo demandaron por incumplimiento.
LAURA: Es como para matarlo y lanzarlo al Canal.
MARY: Ni eso vale la pena porque terminaré, limpia y pudriéndome en la cárcel.
LAURA: Espérate, no te pongas así… A lo mejor eso no procede, porque tú eres la señora y si no firmaste, pues…
MARY: Sí firmé…
LAURA: Ah vaina… entonces, ya lo sabías.
MARY: No. De esto no. Yo firmé separación de bienes para que se casara conmigo…
LAURA: Guevona tú… ¿Cómo se te ocurrió, vale?
MARY: (Histérica) No fue idea mía sino de la cacatúa gallega ésa. Vivía remachándome dizque yo soy una muerta de hambre.
LAURA: ¿Pero qué le pasa? Tú… tú, vienes de una familia bien… O sea: de colegio de monjas, de vacaciones en Disney… ¡De Universidad paga! Pero, esa vieja está tostada o ¿qué?
MARY: No me perdona que sea su nuera…
LAURA: Por culpa tuya. Párala en seco. Dile así (se le cuadra): ¿Qué es lo que te pasa? ¿Tú eres Yocasta?, ¡Yo puta!
MARY: (Escandalizada) ¿Yo?
LAURA: Es una metáfora. Mira Laura: ¿sabes que es lo que más me gusta de Omar? ¡Que es huérfano y medio pela bolas!
MARY: No te creo… tiene buena pinta…
LAURA: Lo único que heredó de su familia fueron sus genes. Y eso es lo que a mí, me interesa. ¿La plata? se consigue. En cambio un buen ADN… tú me dirás.
MARY: Sergio, como que… Ay chica, ¿será estéril? Pudiera ser. Ellos son pura apariencia.
LAURA: Caras, se ven… pero corazones, cuentas y demás… (Repica el teléfono)
MARY: ¿Aló? Ya lo sé todo. Estamos hipotecados y todo por tus sueños de grandeza. Tú eres un nuevo rico con ínfulas de Onassis. Igual que tu madre. Pues sí me meto con tu madre, vieja mentirosa, mamasantos, castradora… ¡No me callo! Nunca te negué que, que nos arruinamos por las borracheras de papá. Tú sabías con quien te ibas a casar y yo no… (evidentemente le colgaron) ¿Viste, no? Este coño e’ madre, por nada se molesta… (Una gran sonrisa triunfalista se le dibuja en el rostro.)
LAURA: ¿Mejor?
MARY: Pues sí. Quedé livianita. (Cuelga el teléfono. Se recuesta.)

Para seguir leyendo y poder imprimir la obra en formato PDF da click aquí.

                  

The Top Ten Language Schools Events - Summer 2017

Please check the College calendar for updates and details. You can find it online at http://go.middlebury.edu/events/. All events are free except where noted.

The Language Schools receptionist can be reached at 802.443.5510. Please note that crowd management will be in effect at Language Schools events, and venues will be filled only to their stated capacity.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Summer 2017

Dear Colleagues,

Language Schools are upon us, and I invite you to enjoy some of the cultural events taking place this summer. As in past years, we are listing what the Language Schools directors consider to be some of the highlights of the session. Please join us at some of these special cultural occasions.

As a reminder, due to Vermont state laws regarding public events, the majority of the Language Schools activities will not be open to the public. Members of the College community are not considered part of the general public and may attend events of interest—in language, of course. If you would like to bring a guest who is not a member of the College community, please check the events calendar to see if the event is open to the public. If it is not an open event, outside guests are not permitted to attend.

Please note that the Arabic and Italian Schools and School of Korean are located at our West Coast site, at Mills College, in Oakland, California.

The faculty and staff of the Language Schools look forward to seeing you over the course of the summer.

Sincerely,

Steve Snyder

Dean of the Language Schools


Chinese School

Saturday, July 8, 7:30 p.m. – Mahaney Center for the Arts Concert Hall

Music from China – Musical Performance

Music From China is a New York-based chamber group playing traditional Chinese instruments in styles ranging from mellow, tuneful classical and folk repertoire to cutting-edge compositions by today’s composers. The ensemble will consist of three players performing on Chinese instruments including the erhu (two-string fiddle), zheng (long zither), pipa (lute), yangqin (hammered dulcimer), ruan (picked guitar), and dizi (bamboo flute).


School of Japanese

Friday, July 14, 7:30 p.m. – Mahaney Center for the Arts Concert Hall

Rakugo Night 

Rakugo is a traditional Japanese art of storytelling, where performers sit in front of the audience and tell humorous, scary, or moving dramatic stories using vivid facial expressions and body language to convey different characters. At the yearly Rakugo performance, professional Rakugo players perform classic stories while a traditional paper-cutter cuts any student's request into a paper masterpiece. Students from the Rakugo club perform as well, and outside guests are welcome (basic English subtitles are provided).


Spanish School

Mid-July through September, hours vary - Center Gallery, McCullough Student Center

Zarzuela Poster Exhibit – Posters by Alfredo Ramón

The Spanish School is celebrating 100 years this summer! Come browse the collection of Spanish School zarzuela performance posters from past years. The posters were created by Alfredo Ramón, artist and Spanish School Faculty member, and span from the 1970’s through 2000.


Spanish School

Monday, July 17, 8:30 pm. – Mahaney Center for the Arts Concert Hall

Juanito Pascual Flamenco Quartet– Musical Performance

Jonathan "Juanito" Pascual is acclaimed as one of the top flamenco guitarists on the international music scene. NPR has called him “one of the hottest flamenco guitarists in recent years” and Boston Globe describes him as a “flamenco phenom”.

Born in Minneapolis, MN on July 26, 1973, Juanito is recognized in both Spain and the United States as a unique and creative voice with mesmerizing virtuosity, warm and evocative playing, and original compositional style.  Juanito has performed in many of the best-known fine arts centers, clubs, and festivals in the United States, and abroad including the renowned Tanglewood Jazz Festival, Lincoln Center, the 92nd St. Y, Blue Note Jazz Club, Boston's Jordan Hall, Regattabar, Panama Jazz Festival, Mexico City's Eurojazz Festival, and Madrid's Casa Patas. He has been featured in special events including concerts hosted by Jane Goodall in Panama, as a guest musician on Garrison Keillor’s Prairie Home Companion cruise in the Mediterranean, and as a guest on National Public Radio's "The World" program among other television and radio programs.  In 2009, Juanito made his on-screen debut alongside Steve Martin and Andy Garcia in the 2009 "Pink Panther 2" film and is a featured soloist on the soundtrack composed by Spanish composer Arturo Cardelus of the 2016 film "Call Me Francesco" by Italian director Daniele Luchetti, about the current Pope.

For more information, visit Pascual's website.


The Betty Ashbury Jones MA ’86 School of French

Friday, July 28, 8 p.m – Mahaney Center for the Arts Concert Hall

Classical Music Recital

This classical music recital features gifted School of French student musicians performing on a variety of instruments and/or voice.  The concert will be under the direction of our new Music Director, Clementine Dubost.  A reception in the CFA lower lobby will follow the concert.


Portuguese School

Friday, July 28, 9 p.m. – Wilson Hall, McCullough Student Center

Rythms of Brazil--Concert

Take a journey through the rhythms of Brazilian popular music. This concert will feature a rich variety of Brazilian music, including choro, samba, bossa nova, baião, and MPB, with musicians Richard Miller (guitar), Vanderlei Pereira (percussion), Gigi MacLaugjlin (vocals), and Isabella Perazzo Campos (piano). You will witness an authentic Brazilian concert, where the audience also sings the lyrics and dances samba and forró with the abandon of a Carnaval party.


Davis School of Russian

Saturday, August 5, 8:00 p.m. –  Town Hall Theatre

Zolotoi Plyos– Concert

Zolotoi Plyos, will return to campus to sing, dance, play folk instruments, and re-enact various Russian folk rituals during this exciting performance presented annually. Children are most welcome!

Visit the Zolotoi Plyos website.


School of Hebrew

Wednesday, August 9, 4:00 p.m. - Axinn Center 229

The Story of the Ancient City—Jerusalem Through the Camera Lens – Lecture by Shimon Lev

The lecture, presented in English, will examine the work of some of Jerusalem's well known photographers from the early century. Shimon Lev will talk about the significance and complexity from the photographer personal view as for the subject, artistic style and capturing the power of the moment. Photos from his exhibit that will reflect the many faces of the city's men, women and children, its sites, buildings, streets and familiar places from 1900-1950. Visit the website for more information.


German School

Thursday, August 10, 8:30 pm - Town Hall Theater, Pre-performance talk (English) at 7:45 p.m.

Friday, August 11, 8:30 pm - Town Hall Theater, Pre-performance talk (English) at 7:45 p.m.*

“Marriage of Figaro” - Opera performed by German for Singers students

Mozart’s “Marriage of Figaro”, a comic opera in four acts that tells the story of how the servants Figaro and Susanna succeed in getting married, foiling the efforts of their philandering employer Count Almaviva to seduce Susanna and teaching him a lesson in fidelity.

Please note: There are a limited number of $15 tickets for the general public and college ID holders not associated with the German School.

*After the performance, you are invited to a reception in Jackson Gallery with cash bar


German School

August 14-18, hours vary - Davis Family Library, Atrium

500th Anniversary of Martin Luther’s Reformation - Exhibit

Come visit an exhibition commemorating the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther’s Reformation, created by the students and faculty of the German School. The exhibit will include sound collages, interviews, a computer-based quiz, movable exhibition pieces, visuals and artifacts, and reproductions of Luther’s writings.


          Are you a client of SMH / Swiss Metal Assets?        
For those asking about a company called Swiss Metals claiming to operate in Panama, an article in PanamaGuide.com reads :
Swiss Metal Assets S.A. (SMA), the Panamanian branch of Schweizerische Metallhandels AG, with offices in Switzerland and the Republic of Panama now offers you solutions for the protection of your wealth. Protection of your wealth can be achieved through purchasing physical ownership of rare industrial metals and industrial silver granulates. SMA products allows you to convert your currency into High Demand Rare Industrial Metals, TAX FREE.
Swiss Metal Assets, S.A., (SMA), and its trading partner Schweizerische Metallhandel AG, (SMH) are operating together throughout Europe and the Americas focusing on the trade and distribution of rare industrial and precious metals. *_Our business is not Stocks, Bonds, Shares Certificates, or Futures_* Five years ago three German entrepreneurs realized that there was a need for people to exchange the paper cash into real assets such as metals. They began selling Silver and Gold only, but after speaking with the owner of Haines & Maassen, one of the top traders in the world in rare industrial metals they made an agreement to offer Rare Industrial Metals to the general public for the first time as a contingency to secure and preserve wealth. Together they set up a company where you can invest in these metals and store them in the Swiss duty free zone, Zürcher Freilager AG, a Swiss Warehouse Operator since 1923. Since then we have converted cash into real metals assets worth millions of dollars for Germans and many other Europeans. Now for the first time this is available in the Americas. (more)

The following process is supposed to be followed:

Purchase Process:
  • 1. Sign Purchase and Storage Contracts
  • 2. Receipt of Client’s funds by Swiss Metal Assets
  • 3. Transport of Metal Asset to the Entrepot Warehouse
  • 4. Assets are assigned a Charge Number and an Invoice Generated
  • 5. Client receives Invoice and Ownership Certificate
  • 6. Time line is generally three weeks from receipt of funds
Resale Process:
  • 1. Two Options Client Request for ReSale or Industry Request for Purchase
  • 2. With Client Request we will ask our Metal Trader for the daily price of each metal and advise client
  • 3. With Industry Request our Metal Trader will provide the purchase price to the seller
  • 4. Funds will be transferred to any Bank Account world wide

Floor 18, Office O of the Aseguradora Ancon tower,
presumably the office of Swissmetal, Inc. 
 More recently, the SMH website announces that:
Panama City, Panama – Strong demand and rapid growth of Schweizerische Metallhandels A.G. (SMH AG), and their partner in the Americas Schweizerische Metallhandel Panama S.A. (SMH Panama) , a Panama based supplier of rare strategic metals, has allowed them to welcome Swissmetal Inc (SMI), as their second service provider. Knut Andersen, previously the sales manager of Swiss Metal Assets (SMA), their first provider, is spear-heading the new venture. SMI has been running at full capacity from their new Panama location in Costa Del Este since October 2012.


Clients of SMH are asked to sign this waiver of rights
Several clients who hired lawyers found to their surprise that:
  • SMH SCHWEIZERISCHE METALLHANDEL PANAMA,S.A., had as first directors:
  • DIRECTOR: ULRICH SCHWARK
    PRESIDENTE: PETER BERND STEHLING
    TESORERO: CATHERINE VERBEL
    SECRETARIO: BIRGIT RUNGE
    • SMH SCHWEIZERISCHE METALLHANDEL PANAMA, S.A., never had a business license.  The company was dissolved on October 16, 2016.   This means that a period of 3 years is open for liquidation of its assets with their last directors as trustees liable for its debts.

  • No Panama company called Swiss Metal Assets S.A. exists in the Public Registry but a New York LLC was registered in New York by Juliette Passer since July 21, 2011 https://opencorporates.com/companies/us_ny/4121004
  • The Panama Ministry of Commerce lists a company called Swissmetal Inc. with offices in Costa del Este, Panama City:
Número de Aviso de Operación:2276052-1-786004-2014-407589 
Nombre Comercial:SWISSMETAL INC.

RUC:2276052-1-786004 DV 23
Fecha de Generación:10-Feb-2014
Representante Legal:KNUT EGIL ANDERSEN
Ubicación:PANAMÁ, PANAMA, JUAN DIAZ
Urbanización:COSTA DEL ESTE


Edificio:PH TORRE ASEGURADORA ANCON
Apartamento:PISO 18 LOCAL O
Actividad Comercial:SERVICIO DE PROMOVER Y MERCADEAR LAS VENTAS DE METALES Y OTROS SIMILARES

This office is now part of an unrelated French company.

Investors should ask a lawyer to review a contract or conduct due diligence of its directors before sending funds to accounts related to any investment.  Your suggesitons or corrections to this data are welcome and may be posted anonymously in the comments.

See also:
http://www.panama-guide.com/article.php/20110107163500673
http://smhpa.com/contact/
https://www.panamaemprende.gob.pa/publico.php?pag=certificAO&anio=2014&ao=11692&Suc=655436&a_buscar=__swiss_______on_on&np=1
http://www.ripoffreport.com/reports/smh-schweizerische-metallhandel-panama-s-a/panama-city-other/smh-schweizerische-metallhandel-panama-s-a-smi-swissmetal-inc-i-have-also-invested-i-1355113




          Bermuda Deputy PM: "The UK is a Tax Haven"        
Bermuda Deputy PM and Finance Minister said it the way it is: OECD founder UK is actually a tax haven.   And Richards is no parochial nationalist: he has experience working at a pension fund, courses at the IMF and an MBA in Canada.




'The UK is a tax haven' – Bermuda attacks plan to end financial secrecy 



Juliette Garside 
Monday 6 February 2017 15.32 GMT Last modified on Monday 6 February 2017 22.00 GMT

The government of Bermuda has hit back at British efforts to end offshore financial secrecy, claiming the UK itself is a “tax haven”.

Speaking ahead of a meeting on Wednesday between Theresa May and the leaders of Britain’s overseas territories, Bermuda’s deputy premier and finance minister, Bob Richards, pushed back against proposed legislation that would create public registers naming the owners of offshore companies.

Richards said the UK should get its own house in order before making demands from its dependencies.

“The UK is a tax haven,” he said, citing non-dom laws that allow foreign nationals to live in Britain without paying tax on overseas income.

“You have more billionaires resident in London than any place on earth. They are not here for the weather, they are here for the tax climate. We have a double standard going on here.

“We have a much more transparent, much cleaner system than the countries that promulgate these rules in the first place. The popular notion that somehow there is something nefarious going on in a small island that is relatively successful is false.”

From April 2017, however, non-doms will lose some of their advantages and foreign nationals will no longer be able to enjoy tax breaks indefinitely in the UK. Those resident in the UK for 15 out of the previous 20 years will be liable for inheritance, capital gains and income tax on their worldwide assets.

A cross-party group of 88 MPs, led by the tax campaigner Margaret Hodge, is backing an amendment to the government’s criminal finances bill that would force British territories to follow the UK in making public their company ownership registers by 2020.

“There is a thing in this world called privacy and at least in my island privacy still exists,” added Richards. “There is no public right to know anybody’s private business.”

The Panama Papers exposed how thousands of offshore companies have been used to help hide the proceeds of fraud, political corruption and tax evasion.

Unlike most tax havens, Bermuda does keep a central government record of who owns its offshore entities. This information is available to other governments on request, but not to the general public.

Deputy PM Richards
Richards told the Guardian he would resist calls, first made by David Cameron in 2013, to open up the register. “The register in Bermuda is there to protect the government’s reputation ... It is not the public’s business. We are not here to tell you who is doing business in Bermuda,” he said.

“There is a thing in this world called privacy and at least in my island privacy still exists,” added Richards. “There is no public right to know anybody’s private business.”

The Panama Papers exposed how thousands of offshore companies have been used to help hide the proceeds of fraud, political corruption and tax evasion.

Unlike most tax havens, Bermuda does keep a central government record of who owns its offshore entities. This information is available to other governments on request, but not to the general public.

Richards told the Guardian he would resist calls, first made by David Cameron in 2013, to open up the register. “The register in Bermuda is there to protect the government’s reputation ... It is not the public’s business. We are not here to tell you who is doing business in Bermuda,” he said.

The mid-Atlantic nation is a major centre of tax avoidance, with Google and other multinationals attracted by a zero corporation tax rate. Oxfam found that US corporations reported $80bn (£64bn) in profits in Bermuda in 2012 – more than their combined reported profits in Japan, China, Germany and France.

Bermuda should do what guarantees the future of its next generation.
Destroying its financial center will not provide jobs for the future.
“People are pressuring overseas territories because they feel we are defenceless, in some way easy pickings,” said Richards. “They are moving the goalposts on us almost every three weeks.”

The Bermudian premier, Michael Dunkley, has joined Richards in London this week for a series of briefings with UK ministers, with Brexit top of the agenda. Richards said his government was in listening mode but, if pushed, it would not hesitate to protect its interests.

He said last year he “would not hesitate to go for independence” if his country were threatened by Brexit. Bermuda’s last push for independence was in a 1995 referendum.

Richards said: “At the moment our interests are aligned but if that changes then we will have to think of ourselves. We must protect Bermuda’s interests. This amendment being proposed [by Hodge] is not in the interests of Bermuda.”

See full text in https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/feb/06/uk-tax-haven-bermuda-financial-secrecy-offshore-companies
See also:
Bermuda Ministry of Finance https://www.gov.bm/ministry/finance
Bob Richards' bio http://www.parliament.bm/Bob_Richards.aspx





          LIVE Streaming - Conference on Tax Competition Feb 15-17        
Speakers from US, Latin America, Germany, UK, France and other OECD countries speaking in Panama about tax competition and individual freedom at Widening Pathways to Open Societies conference

See also:
https://twitter.com/search?f=tweets&q=widening%20pathway
https://www.facebook.com/WideningPathway/
http://goethalsconsulting.com/pathways/program-tab-style-2/
https://www.acast.com/docthompson/short-stack-adolfo-linares-from-widening-the-pathways-to-open-societies-tmb


          Panama City property auction seeks qualified buyers        

The Panama Stock Exchange reported that an auction will be held for the lot of land and improvements for the Hotel Unicorn (Park Inn by Radisson under construction on Finca 1025) in 44 Street and Justo Arosemena Av., in Bella Vista, one of the prime neighborhoods of downtown Panama City.

Corporate bonds were issued of which about $ 2.7 million were placed on the market for the issuer UHR Development (BVP: UHRD).  The property will be auctioned by the bond trustee to interested qualified buyers under the terms and conditions of said issue.

For more information contact lagrealty @ laglex.com

The appraisal of the property is available in:
Panama Stock Exchange website http://www.panabolsa.com/PDFs/Informacion%20Corporativa/UHRD/informe%20inspeccion%20avaluo%20abr2016.pdf
Slideshare copy http://bit.ly/2bOoZmw







          How Panama Papers' sponsor George Soros made billions offshore        
 
The Independent provided this 1994 glimpse into how George Soros made billions with an offshore Netherlands Antilles fund using tax breaks which are now villified under the Panama Papers by the International Consortium of Journalists he sponsors.  The Quantum fund was formed by Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) instead of a Panama law firm.


Lifting the lid of the Soros money machine: 
In an exclusive journey through the labyrinthine empire of the master speculator, Stephanie Cooke and Charles Raw find gains are 'reallocated' to a charmed circle of associates

STEPHANIE COOKE and CHARLES RAW Saturday 5 March 1994


'I STILL consider myself selfish and greedy,' says George Soros. 'I am not putting myself forward as any kind of saint. I have very healthy appetites and I put myself first.'
Mr Soros is the man who made dollars 1bn when Britain left the European exchange rate mechanism in September 1992, earning him the status of a legendary investor. But that status was tarnished last month, when he lost a similar sum on the yen.

Nevertheless, he has set the tone for a new generation of large-scale professional investors who run so-called hedge funds on behalf of wealthy private clients. Markets regularly hang on his predictions for the course of gold, currencies and shares.

The size of these hedge funds means they are regularly singled out as the cause of seismic shifts in financial markets. That is putting Mr Soros into sharper focus, simply because he is the leader of the pack. If he should falter, the knock-on effect could be widespread.

That is why central banks have started to ask questions about unregulated offshore operations such as his.

Ever the master of public relations, Mr Soros welcomed the central banks' probe. 'I feel there is an innate instability in unregulated markets,' he told the Reuters news agency.

Until now, however, remarkably little has been known about how the Soros financial empire is organised.

The first detailed analysis of the funds' published documents reveals that he has created a complex and bizarre financial creature in which the interests of Mr Soros, his family, close friends and key executives in the business are incestuously intertwined with those of his public investors.

Some of those investors may not have noticed that in the past few years Mr Soros has altered the structure of the organisation so as to reallocate some of the profits in favour of his private circle.

Mr Soros started his offshore fund operation with dollars 4m in 1969, at the age of 39, after learning the arbitrage and investment business in London and New York.

He appears from the start to have aimed at wealthy individuals and professional European investors. He told prospective clients that the purpose of his key Quantum fund was 'to enable sophisticated investors to participate in an internationally diversified investment portfolio'. The Quantum fund is active in currency, commodity and interest- rate markets as well as equities and fixed-interest securities.

Later, in the early 1980s, Soros honed to perfection the technique of charging buyers a premium based on the supply and demand of fund shares.

Normally an open-ended investment fund is sold or redeemed at net asset value, with a sales charge added or an administrative charge deducted. But the Quantum fund can issue shares at a premium to its net asset value. The premium, however, is not based on an open market value.

Instead it is set by the fund's managing director, Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) in Curacao in the Netherlands Antilles. This is declared to be 'by or at the direction of the fund's board of supervisory directors', which is chaired by Alberto Foglia of the Banca del Ceresio in Lugano, Switzerland. Its seven other members are mainly European bankers and brokers, including in London the renowned fund manager Nils Taube of Lord Rothschild's St James's Place Capital.

In the late 1980s the Quantum fund's documents stated that the premium would not rise above 25 per cent. As the premium for buying the fund was as low as 1 per cent during that period, it was not an unduly onerous restriction. But in the past few years, as the fund's fortunes have risen, the restriction has been quietly dropped and the premium soared at one point to nearly 40 per cent. After the Japanese loss last month, it dropped four points to 35 per cent, but is now back to 36 per cent.

Possibly to avoid problems with the US authorities, Soros states that his funds are barred to Americans - whether in the US or abroad. At least one exception to this is Soros himself, who became a US citizen in 1961.

By 1972 the fund was worth dollars 20m. For reasons not made clear in recent documents, the operation was relaunched under the Quantum name in 1973. The fund was registered in the Netherlands Antilles, but Soros ran it from New York through Soros Fund Management. No information is given about this firm's precise corporate status, other than that it has always been wholly owned by him personally.

Although Soros now leaves the running of SFM to his executives, the documents state that in his 'personal capacity, he manages a securities trading partnership formed for the benefit of members of the Soros family and several other family accounts'.

By the end of 1980 the fund was worth more than dollars 380m and the net asset value of each share had risen by almost 4,400 per cent. In 1981 Quantum shares fell by 23 per cent, their first drop in value, and the fund nearly halved to dollars 193m. The following year a new category of share was created - the B share - in which Soros placed money invested by himself and his trusts and charities. His own main investment in the fund is now via these shares. It is through them that he apparently exercises control over the fund, although the voting rights of these shares are not explained in more recent documents. He can and does convert B into A shares from time to time, but these are primarily held by outsiders. No single external investor is allowed to exercise more than 4.9 per cent of the votes.

Although the fund recovered and grew once more, it hit another rocky patch in the late 1980s when more investors were selling Quantum shares than were buying. Around this time Soros made serious efforts to expand his operation.

In 1989, in spite of the fact that very few investors came into the fund, the net asset value of Quantum increased by 31.6 per cent.

Mr Soros had demonstrated the magical effect of simple mathematics, something not immediately apparent to laymen. Because of the high number of redemptions during 1989, the benefits were divided among fewer shares, so the net asset value still rose.

By then the operation was working as follows. Under an agreement approved by shareholders in 1988, Soros Fund Management is paid a basic investment advisory fee of 1 per cent a year, payable monthly. But the real cash cow is the annual performance fee. The fee is mainly composed of a sum equal to 15 per cent of any increase in net assets resulting from the fund's operation - before the deduction of the performance fee itself, of course.

There is another element in the fee - 15 per cent 'in net assets resulting from premiums realised on fund share subscriptions and premiums or discounts realised on fund share redemptions'.

Although the fund can issue shares at a premium direct to investors and - as is normal with open-ended funds - redeem them, in practice Quantum acts differently.

It has a subsidiary called Quasco which sells Quantum shares at a premium and buys them back either at a smaller premium or, should the situation arise, a discount of up to 1 per cent. Quasco makes a profit from the margin between the premiums charged to buyers and the price offered to sellers. In recent years the margin has been around 4-5 per cent.

Quasco's accounts are not available, but it is clear it makes a substantial amount of money through these dealings. This money has historically been reinvested in the fund and SFM has taken its 15 per cent cut.

Indeed, the very fact that the money was ploughed back has been used as a strong promotional point by brokers selling the funds.

But in 1991 things started to change. In a significant restructuring of the operation that included the launch of new funds, Mr Soros began the 'reallocation' of some of the gain for 'selected persons associated with SFM'.

By then Mr Soros had apparently finally decided that Quantum's growth had to be curtailed. In February of that year he announced the biggest distribution so far: dollars 4,000 per share, a total of dollars 611m. To satisfy investors who did not want cash, he offered shares in a new fund, Quasar International.

Quasar was a different animal to Quantum. Instead of investing directly in securities, it would invest only in one entity - Quasar International Partners. That in turn would carry out investment activities under advice from SFM. But Quasar, like Quantum, had a dealing subsidiary, Quinter.

The fund was not the only investor in the partnership, however. Mr Soros, 'certain members of his family and other selected persons associated with the partnership's management' also joined the club.

The Quasar fund has had a very successful run. In only its second year of operation it showed an increase in net asset value per share of 56.2 per cent, following a 44.9 per cent rise the previous year.

The accounts for the year ending 31 January 1993 show that of the dollars 18.2m netted on premiums, dollars 5.6m was 'reallocated to other partners'. In the previous year they were allotted dollars 2.55m in premiums. These reallocations were based on their share of the partnership, which had risen from 24.6 per cent at the outset to 29 per cent by the end of the second year, partly because of the reallocations.

Thus Mr Soros, his family and key members of his management team had effectively increased the membership dues for Quantum's sophisticated investors in the fund, and helped to dilute the fund's interest in the partnership.

In the explanatory memorandum about Quasar, Mr Soros explained that 'the Fund's net profit or loss from transactions in the Fund shares (whether realized directly or through Quinter) generally is accounted for as if earned by the Partnership, and thus is shared among the Fund and the other partners.'

Close examination of the accounts also reveals that the 'selected persons' appear to have benefited in another way from the establishment of the partnership.

In April 1991 Soros told Quantum shareholders that they had subscribed for a total of dollars 541m in 'Quasar', without specifying whether he meant the fund or the partnership.

In fact the accounts reveal that while dollars 541m of Quantum's assets were indeed transferred to the Quasar partnership, the Quasar fund's initial net asset value was only dollars 493m - a difference of dollars 48m.

The Quantum investors choosing to invest in Quasar were thus effectively paying a premium of about 9.5 per cent for their new shares.

Another discrepancy appeared in the calculation of the net asset value at the end of the second year. While the fund's holding of the partnership at that time was 71 per cent, when it came to dividing up the net increase in the partnership's capital resulting from operations, the fund got only 67.1 per cent. This is possibly because the 'selected persons' do not pay advisory fees.

The pattern for spinning off new funds had been set.

When Quantum's next distribution of dollars 1.166m was made in February 1992, two further funds were launched: Quota and Quantum Emerging Growth.

Quota was different because it would be managed entirely by outside advisers (but, of course, under SFM's overall direction).

Quantum Emerging Growth remained inside the SFM stable - but its performance fee was set at 20 per cent and also spawned a partnership arrangement similar to the Quasar operation. In effect, therefore, it too raised the stakes for the growing ranks of investors in what was by this stage fast becoming the Soros phenomenon.

This time, though, there was no discrepancy between the assets of Quantum transferred to the partnership and the new fund's equity stake, according to the accounts issued for the first 15 months to 31 March 1993.

During that period the 'selected persons' put some dollars 100m into the partnership. Their share rose from less than 5 per cent at the outset to 15 per cent at the end of the period. Their allocation of the dollars 40m in profits, generated by the premiums from dealings in the fund's shares, was dollars 4.7m.

As the fund's fortunes rocketed, self-restraint among its management seemed to wane. The 25 per cent restriction on the premium had long since disappeared.

Then it spawned two property funds, each with a high- profile partner.

One, Quantum Realty Trust, was with Paul Reichmann, whose Olympia & York operation had collapsed as a result of the financial drain of the Canary Wharf development in London's Docklands.

The other, Quantum UK Realty Fund, was with John Ritblat of British Land. Again, capital was provided partly out of distributions from Quantum and Quasar as well as by Mr Soros and his family, but also this time by other participants.

Although the structure of these new funds is highly complex, they are essentially closed- end operations. What may not have been noticed was that in June 1993 the directors of the open-ended flagship - the Quantum fund - removed an important investment restriction: a prohibition on direct investment in property.

Until the audited accounts for 1993 are available (they are expected to be out in May or June), investors will not know whether advantage has been taken of this change, or what effect it may have had on the liquidity of the fund.

Last year, Quantum quietly transformed itself. On 1 August 'substantially all' of Quantum's assets and liabilities were transferred to a new Curacao partnership, Quantum Partners.

As with Quasar and Quantum Emerging Growth, the Quantum fund is not the only partner. 'Selected persons associated with SFM' - including SFM's managing directors - subscribed for 1.3 per cent of the new partnership's net equity.

In effect they were getting a share in Quantum without having to pay a premium. Already by the end of September their share of the net equity had risen to 1.9 per cent - dollars 78m - and, as with Quasar and Quantum Emerging, they would get a share of the net premiums made from dealings in the flagship fund.

Again, just how much this will be will not be known until the 1993 accounts are available. But in 1992 such dealings contributed dollars 68m towards the rise in the fund's net asset value.

Additionally, SFM's managing directors and 'trusts and charitable foundations created by them' have taken an insurance policy on the future of the fund. This comes in the form of dollars 220m of convertible debentures that pay 6 per cent a year and are convertible in 2003 into partnership shares at 120 per cent of their net asset value on the issue date. They may be worth considerably more than that by then.

In the great tidal wave of money into the Soros empire, which at the end of 1993 stood at dollars 4.9bn for Quantum alone and more than dollars 10bn for the whole group, there is another sum that may one day cause repercussions of its own: the size of the performance fee that SFM leaves in the fund. At the end of 1992, the latest reckoning available, that totalled nearly dollars 550m.

These deferred fees are so structured that they share in the appreciation of the fund, but investors are given no clear picture of when SFM can or will withdraw them.

It is curious that Mr Soros has not yet taken this money out, since it would be one way of reducing the size of the funds. But to take it out quickly now might suggest he was losing confidence in his own creation.



See full text in http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/lifting-the-lid-of-the-soros-money-machine-in-an-exclusive-journey-through-the-labyrinthine-empire-1427341.html




          Free Zone merchant and Balboa Bank in OFAC sanction list        
In the next hours expect more news about one of the newcomer banks in the Panama financial system and the developer of the Soho shopping mall.


Action Exposes Extensive Drug Money Laundering Network Based in Panama
WASHINGTON â€“ Today, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)
designated the Waked Money Laundering Organization (Waked MLO) and its leaders, Nidal Ahmed Waked Hatum (Waked Hatum) and Abdul Mohamed Waked Fares (Waked Fares), as Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers pursuant to the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (Kingpin Act).  OFAC also targeted six Waked MLO associates and 68 companies tied to the drug money laundering network, including Grupo Wisa, S.A., Vida Panama (Zona Libre) S.A., and Balboa Bank & Trust.  Panamanian-Colombian-Spanish national Waked Hatum and Panamanian-Lebanese-Colombian national Waked Fares co-lead the Waked MLO, which uses trade-based money laundering schemes, such as false commercial invoicing; bulk cash smuggling; and other money laundering methods, to launder drug proceeds on behalf of multiple international drug traffickers and their organizations.  As a result of today’s action, all assets of these individuals and entities that are under the jurisdiction of the United States or in the control of U.S. persons are frozen, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them.
“This action exposes the Waked Money Laundering Organization and disrupts its ability to launder drug trafficking proceeds using trade-based methods, duty-free retail, real estate development, and financial services throughout the region,” said John E. Smith, Acting OFAC Director.  “We look forward to working jointly with the Panamanian authorities to protect the Panamanian and U.S. financial systems from abuse by narcotics traffickers and other illicit actors.”
In addition to the Waked MLO and its two leaders, the OFAC action designated six Panama-based MLO associates for providing material support and/or acting on behalf of the MLO:  Gazy Waked Hatum, Ali Waked Hatum, and Jalal Waked Hatum, brothers of Waked Hatum who manage Waked Hatum’s import/export, retail, and real estate businesses; Mohamed Abdo Waked Darwich, Waked Fares’ son, who manages Waked Fares’ duty-free retail and real estate development operations; and two attorneys, Norman Douglas Castro Montoto and Lucia Touzard Romo, who provide a variety of services, including incorporating shell companies, to the Waked MLO and serve various roles in several Waked-related companies. 
Today’s designations also target the principal Panama-based companies used by the Waked MLO to launder drug and other illicit proceeds:  Vida Panama (Zona Libre) S.A., an import/export company in Panama’s Colon Free Trade Zone; Grupo Wisa S.A., a holding company for businesses involved in real estate, construction, retail, hospitality, and media, including the La Riviera chain of duty-free stores operating throughout Latin America; Soho Panama S.A. and related entities, including a luxury mall and real estate development in downtown Panama City; Balboa Bank & Trust, a Panamanian bank; and the Strategic Investors Group Inc., a holding company that owns and controls Balboa Bank & Trust as well as two other financial services companies.  Balboa Bank & Trust was used to launder narcotics and other illicit proceeds for multiple international criminal organizations.  

See full text in https://www.treasury.gov/press-center/press-releases/Pages/jl0450.aspx
See also Balboa Bank & Trust www.balboabanktrust.com
Strategic Investors Group Inc. http://www.sigroup-inc.com
Strategic Investors Group Inc. stock http://www.panabolsa.com/es/emisor/sigr/
Grupo Wisa www.grupowisa.com




Due to the negative effects of an OFAC listing, Balboa Bank & Trust was intervened by the Panama regulator  as of 2:30 pm of May 5 for 30 days until June 5, subject to a 30-day extension.   The text in Spanish of the regulator notice is in
https://www.superbancos.gob.pa/superbancos/documentos/leyes_y_regulaciones/comunicados/2016/aviso7-2016.pdf 



          May 9 is an important date if you are a Mossfon client        
The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) funded by George Soros will release on May 9 what they claim are the actual emails of the people behind offshore companies formed by Mossack Fonseca.  More than 50% are not related to Panama companies, but IBCs from BVI and Bahamas, yet they are called the Panama Papers because they were formed by a law firm in Panama founded by a lawyer born in Fürth, Germany.   None of the funds from the companies reported so far were kept in Panama banks - instead they were kept at banks in Switzerland, Channel Islands and Hong Kong who requested those companies for clients on whom presumably they conducted KYC due diligence searches.  

None of that will matter because on May 9 the data base of all correspondence will be released, after being censored by ICIJ to make sure that no friends of its sponsors are disclosed (what they call "a careful release of basic corporate information").  Since ICIJ has threatened to release correspondence dating back to the formation of the firm in 1978, current and former clients should consult with legal counsel in their country about the consequences of this release.




The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists will release on May 9 a searchable database with information on more than 200,000 offshore entities that are part of the Panama Papers investigation.
The database will likely be the largest ever release of secret offshore companies and the people behind them.
The data comes from the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, one of the top players in the offshore world, and includes information about companies, trusts, foundations and funds incorporated in 21 tax havens, from Hong Kong to Nevada in the United States. It links to people in more than 200 countries and territories.
When the data is released, users will be able to search through the data and visualize the networks around thousands of offshore entities, including, when available, Mossack Fonseca’s internal records of the company’s true owners. The interactive database will also include information about more than 100,000 additional companies that were part of the 2013 ICIJ Offshore Leaks investigation.
While the database opens up a world that has never been revealed on such a massive scale, the application will not be a “data dump” of the original documents – it will be a careful release of basic corporate information.

See full text in www.icij.org.


          Soros And CIA Behind #PanamaPapers?        

The journalist consortium responsible for the "Panama Papers" story is funded by the Ford Foundation and George Soros' Open Society Foundation. On April 5 show, researcher Leo Zagami breaks down how the "Panama Papers" could influence global politics.




          Still waiting for #DelawarePapers and #Nevadapapers        

For just $309, you too can hide your assets — in the U.S.


The website for Corporation Makers promises that owning a business can remain “your deep dark secret.”

“Do you wish to own land or other assets without anyone becoming aware of it?” it advertises.

Not a problem. All for as little as $309.

The pitch doesn’t rely on the loose rules of well-known offshore havens such as the Cayman Islands. It’s about Nevada.

Nevada is among a handful of U.S. states with liberal incorporation laws that offer many of the same benefits that have drawn business tycoons, politicians and money launderers from around the world to hide their wealth in exotic locales — a secret economy revealed this week in a series of reports based on leaked documents from a Panamanian law firm.

The so-called Panama Papers show how the firm Mossack Fonseca set up shell companies for the rich to shield their millions from the prying eyes of tax authorities and the public.

The firm’s most common destination was the British Virgin Islands, where it worked with more than 100,000 entities. But its seventh-most popular place to set up corporations — after island nations such as Seychelles — was Nevada, with more than 1,000 companies.

In pursuit of fees and other revenue, several U.S. states have competed with each other in recent decades to attract people from around the world starting businesses. The states promise minimal taxation and maximum legal protection and privacy, much like offshore tax havens.

“The mechanisms are pretty much the same here,” said Matthew Gardner, executive director of the Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy, a nonprofit in Washington. “There’s nothing special happening in Panama. Panama is pretty much a microcosm of what the U.S. is a willing partner in.”

Financial watchdog groups have dubbed the competition among states a “race to the bottom” that places the U.S. among the worst places in the world for corporate transparency.

“From the states' perspective, the end game is to raise revenue for the state by creaming off fees from large numbers of companies incorporating there — and the consequences be damned,” one such group, the Tax Justice Network, based in the United Kingdom, wrote in a 2015 report.

When John Cassara, a former special agent with the U.S. Department of the Treasury who investigated money laundering and fraud, was training foreign investigators, they would often ask about “this thing called Delaware.”

“You’ve heard the expression ‘follow the money’?” Cassara said. “Well, when the money trail leads to a Delaware corporation, it is almost a dead end for law enforcement.”

More than a century ago, Delaware sought to attract businesses by allowing companies to write governance rules that shielded management from liability and eliminated standard protections for shareholders.

Today, the state is the legal home to 1.1 million companies, 95% of which have their principal location in another state or country. Tens of thousands of businesses list the same Delaware addresses, home to their incorporating agents.

The businesses registered in Delaware include 65% of Fortune 500 companies.

But many more are limited liability corporations essentially unknown to all but the owners and their agents and lawyers, drawing enough criticism that the state maintains a “facts and myths” Web page.

“Delaware has a comprehensive statutory and regulatory regime to protect the public from improper behavior by business entities, just like other states,” it says.

State officials say that over the last decade or so they have cracked down on a variety of questionable practices, including the use of shelf corporations, or old shell companies that are sold to start-ups trying to pass themselves off as businesses established long ago.

Not in dispute are the benefits to Delaware: corporate franchise taxes — the fees for maintaining a business — provide the state nearly $1 billion a year, or a quarter of its annual revenue.

That success has drawn the attention of other states looking for sources of revenue.

In the 1980s, Nevada began revamping its corporate laws to minimize liability for management.

Among its biggest draws is secrecy.

The state allows “nominees” to file company documents while the identities of the true owners remain hidden.

That is a key selling point for many incorporation companies that specialize in establishing businesses in Nevada.

A common practice is for a nominee to be “appointed in the morning,” file state paperwork by lunch, and then resign by dinner, according to the incorporation site www.Nevada123.com.

“The less the public knows about your affairs, the less engaged they can become,” the site says.

Nevada and other states say their rules are not meant to encourage illegal activity.

But secretive entities have long been used to move and hide money. Hard-to-trace shell companies have served as fronts for controversial foreign buyers of top-end real estate in cities including New York and Miami.

Federal rules have also allowed U.S. political donors to hide campaign contributions by donating to super PACs through limited liability corporations.

One prominent Republican donor, the gambling industry magnate Sheldon Adelson, tried to hide behind secrecy protections when he purchased the Las Vegas Review-Journal last year.

The company’s journalists were informed one day that their new owner was a company called the “News + Media Capital Group,” which had been recently incorporated in Delaware with “undisclosed financial backers with expertise in the media industry.”


Corporate documents listed Michael Schroeder, a Connecticut newspaper publisher, as the company’s manager but did not name the owner, whose identity was only revealed after the newsroom revolted and its reporters launched their own investigation.

Adelson had originally denied buying the paper.

Gardner, of the financial watchdog nonprofit, explained the cost of such secrecy: “There is a basic matter of democratic distrust when you don’t know who’s running things.”

Secrecy has been allowed to flourish in the U.S. even as the government tries to improve corporate transparency abroad in an effort to cut off funding for terrorism, drug trafficking and other illicit activity.

But pressure is building on federal and state officials to address corporate secrecy. This week, U.S. Treasury officials said they could soon issue a rule change that has been in the works to require banks and other financial institutions to obtain information about the owners of companies.

News reports about the Panama Papers this week have already put some state officials on the defensive, with some critics calling for federal requirements that states disclose businesses’ true owners.

Wyoming launched an audit Monday of 24 companies in the state linked to Mossack Fonseca and discovered they had failed to provide “required statutory information for performing the duties of a registered agent under Wyoming law.”

Wyoming Secretary of State Ed Murray promised to fight fraud and possibly seek changes in state law. At the same time, he defended the way Wyoming did business.

“I oppose a one-size-fits-all federal law mandating the dissolving of privacy protections,” he said in a statement. “We are not naive as to the importance of the release of these 'Panama Papers,' but we will not compromise the privacy of our customers.”

See full text and comments in http://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-panama-papers-americans-20160407-story.html



          #Panamapapers informant revealed by Financial Crime Blog        

Saturday, April 9, 2016

PANAMA PAPERS INFORMANT FIRST SOUGHT TO SELL THE INFORMATION IN PANAMA

The story of the informant (or informants) responsible for releasing the "Panama Papers" document to the global press is far more complex than the media is making it out to be. Mossack and Fonseca's description of the theft of the information, as a cyber-hack, is simply not true, as you know. Let's clear the air on the individuals known to be involved, especially since readers are now writing in, and asking me to identify the players.


First of all, the original informant, as previously detailed in this blog, was a receptionist at the Mossack law firm; she served as Ramón Fonseca's longtime mistress, and, of course, had access to the firm's email accounts. After the affair ended badly, she left the firm, taking with her a large number of emails and documents.

Thereafter, she attempted to vend her documents around Panama City, and did sell off small segments; this was back in 2008 and 2009, a fact that seems to have escaped most of the published stories purporting to report on the facts, which made it appear that this all occurred only one year ago. Some of her documents did find their way into the hands of US law enforcement agencies, leading to speculation that the information may have been responsible for subsequent indictments of narcotics traffickers, the demise of HSBC, and the departure of Citibank from Panama.

 Her name is Jahaira M., for those who are still curious,  though I have omitted her last name to spare her hundreds of hungry journalists appearing at her door tonight. The most recent action, regarding the documents, that I am aware of is a contact she had in Germany, which may explain the appearance of the documents first at Sueddeutsche Zeitung. She is believed to still reside in the Republic of Panama; That is why I chose a photo of her that preserves her privacy.

Second, the sources may consist of more than one cooperating individual; we have previously covered the matter of the married Panamanian couple, he a wealth management officer at Mossack and Fonseca, she a former compliance officer there. It is not know whether he is still working there, so it is best that both of these individuals remain anonymous for now. I have deleted part of their last name; Mr. & Mrs. San***z.

They were active in what I can only describe as Panama's extreme nightlife scene, where my investigators first had contact with them; this was after Jahaira was hawking her emails and documents. The couple were also selling confidential MF documents, and again some found their way into the hands of US law enforcement, which probably contributed to subsequent arrests.

Therefore, we cannot say for certain that any one individual is the sole confidential informant that leaked the documents we now refer to as the "Panama Papers."


Full text in pictures in http://rijock.blogspot.ru/2016/04/panama-papers-informant-first-sought-to.html
See also Google+



          John McAfee Exposes The Panama Papers Hoax        

 Libertarian Presidential candidate John McAfee joins the show to break down the real details surrounding the Panama Papers
          Will Hillary Clinton be featured in #Panamapapers?        

Hillary Clinton’s Caymans-tax-dodge hypocrisy





Hillary Clinton last week lunged into her most flagrant fit of hypocrisy yet.
With Bernie Sanders surging, she took new aim at the rich — including their use of tax dodges.
She told MSNBC: “We can go after some of these schemes … the kind of misclassifying of income, trying to make it look like it’s a capital gain, when it’s really ordinary income, going ahead and routing income through the Bahamas or the Cayman Islands or wherever.”
Huh. Bloomberg News reported in 2014 on the Clintons’ use of a prime tax dodge: They put their Chappaqua home into a “residence trust” in 2010. Such trusts can save hundreds of thousands of dollars in estate taxes.
Meanwhile, the Clintons’ family wealth has grown big-time thanks to firms with significant holdings in places like . . . the Caymans.
As The Daily Caller notes, Bill Clinton spent years as a partner in his (now-ex-) buddy Ron Burkle’s investment fund Yucaipa Global — registered in the Cayman Islands. In five years, Bill pocketed at least $10 million.
In 2011, her hubby also earned at least $225,000 in speaking fees from Whisky Productions for an “event that will target the business community in Grand Cayman.”
It’s a family thing: Chelsea Clinton’s hubby, Marc Mezvinsky, is a partner in a hedge fund with multiple holdings incorporated in the Cayman Islands.
And don’t get us started on the whole clan’s use of the Clinton Foundation.
Full text and videos in http://nypost.com/2016/01/18/hillary-clintons-caymans-tax-dodge-hypocrisy/
See also http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2009/04/clinton-invested-in-cayman-tax-haven.html




          OECD Tax man ready to change blacklisting rules on Panama        

FINANCIAL AFFAIRS

OECD says Panama pledge a positive step

The country faces a review on its financial services sector by the Global Forum.


Following the announcement of President Juan Carlos Varela on the commitment of Panama to exchange financial information, the director of the Center for Fiscal Policy and Administration of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Pascal Saint-Amans acknowledged that the pledge is a step forward for Panama but said the country still has a long way to go.
Saint-Amans spoke with La Prensa during the annual meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, which concluded yesterday in Lima, Peru. The following are questions and answers from the interview.
What do you think of Varela's pledge?
It is a good step forward. In October of last year, 94 countries committed themselves to the automatic exchange of information. They pledged to implement the standard. Panama was one of the few jurisdictions that did not make the pledge, along with Bahrain, the Marshall Islands, Vanuatu and Nauru, with Panama being the only significant financial center.
Panama said it would exchange information, but that it would not accede to a multilateral convention. what is your opinion of that?
From a legal point of view, once a commitment is made, it has to be implemented. To share information, it can be done through a multilateral convention, or it can be done bilaterally. In that case, one should move fast if you want to grant the exchange of information to all interested countries that meet the standard of confidentiality.
Do you think that Panama will pass to the second phase of the review of its jurisdiction?
The peer review, which includes 30 countries, has made that recommendation to the Global Forum, which has until the end of October to decide. I think it was premature of Panama to announce that, as it broke the rules of confidentiality. It is more than likely, but who knows. There are members of the Global Forum who are not in the peer review group. We have to wait for the Global Forum, which is the sole decision-making body in this matter. In substance, it is true that the members of the review group have recognized some progress that was made in Panama.

Varela said that debate on the exchange of information should be conducted in the UN. Do you agree?
It is an opinion I respect completely. But in this case, there are 127 jurisdictions, including Panama, that are members of the Global Forum. What matters is that all countries are equal. No longer is the OECD a group of countries dictating what rules other countries have to make.
In Panama there is a concern because the steps demanded by the OECD could hurt the competitiveness of the financial services industry. Do you agree?
It is not true. Because all countries have moved. What happens is actually the opposite. Panama won a competitive advantage by not conforming. That is why other countries think that the situation is very unfair because Panama is receiving money that they have lost. The perception in Panama is really different from the perception outside.
Do you think that those flows of money look to hide the funds from tax authorities?
The reviewer group will decide that. But that's basically what we heard from the banking industry.
In the country there is a sense that a double standard is used. That the United States is not required to provide information with the same level of transparency that it demands from Panama. Is that a fair statement?
The rules are the same the United States is expected to act with reciprocity with any other country. Look at the review of the United States. It has a mark in regards to beneficiaries and they have to change. Currently they are providing required information, but not enough


- See more at: https://ssl.prensa.com/suscdigital

See also 
More Pascal Saint-Amans statements in Panama: Profits for two men and a dog http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2015/07/panama-profits-for-two-men-and-dog.html
The Economic Case for Tax Havens http://mypanamalawyer.blogspot.com/2014/10/the-economic-case-for-tax-havens.html




          Regulators open to offers for Panama bank        
The reorganization committee of Banco Universal started last week the process of sending letters to all general license banks to participate in the sale process of the company. Banco Universal was intervened by the regulators back in June 2015 and is one of the smallest banks of the Panamanian banking system.

The process of receiving proposals will be open for 20 days, said Gustavo Villa, secretary general of the Superintendency of Banks of Panama (SBP).  Those interested in acquiring the operations of Banco Universal  will have 20 days, starting August 10, to submit their bids.

In negotiating Banco Universal operations there are two possible scenarios: the purchase of the loan portfolio, or the purchase of portfolios, plus deposits.

Interested parties will have available a virtual data room with general information about the bank after signing a confidentiality agreement. They should express a non-binding offer at that time, and if they are interested or not to continue in the process.  The entire sale process is expected to last between 90 and 120 days.

BANCO UNIVERSAL, S.A. (under intervention)
FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (in thousands of dollars)



June 2015



LIQUID ASSETS
61,803.78
Local Deposits in Banks
22,763.98
At Sight
12,463.89
Timed Deposits
10,300.09
Foreign Deposits in Banks
31,053.59
At Sight
13,753.59
Timed Deposits
17,300.00
Minus Reserves
0.00
Local
0.00
Foreign
0.00
Others
7,986.21
LOANS
226,580.78
Local
230,685.62
Foreign
0.00
Minus Reserves
4,104.84
Local
4,104.84
Foreign
0.00
INVESTMENTS IN SECURITIES
40,148.80
Local
5,072.15
Foreign
35,079.65
Minus Reserves
3.00
Local
3.00
Foreign
0.00
OTHER ASSETS
32,278.07
Local
31,826.34
Foreign
451.73
TOTAL ASSETS
$360,811.42
DEPOSITS
306,704.08
Local
293,983.96
Government-owned
0.00
Of Individuals
285,107.40
At Sight
41,423.46
Timed Deposits
188,425.32
Savings
55,258.61
From Banks
8,876.56
At Sight
4,876.56
Timed Deposits
4,000.00
Foreign
12,720.12
Government-owned
0.00
From Individuals
0.00
At Sight
0.00
Timed Deposits
0.00
Savings
0.00
From Banks
12,720.12
At Sight
9,220.12
Timed Deposits
3,500.00
LIABILITIES
411.63
Local
411.63
Foreign
0.00
OTHER LIABILITIES
10,372.40
Local
10,345.12
Foreign
27.28
EQUITY
$43,323.31
Capital
32,450.98
Capital Reserves
0.00
Other Reserves
8,178.94
Dynamic Reserves
2,022.04
Other Reserves
6,156.89
Retained Earnings
8,061.49
Earnings for the Period
617.01
Gain or Loss in Securities available for Sale
(5,985.10)
Subordinated Debt
0.00
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
$360,811.42

For full text see http://www.critica.com.pa/nacional/el-proximo-lunes-inicia-proceso-de-venta-del-banco-universal-401034
http://www.midiario.com/uhora/nacionales/banco-universal-entra-en-el-proceso-de-venta
Statements from superbancos.gob.pa



          Panama: Profits for two men and a dog        
Global Finance magazine has an interview with a technocrat featured as "the new guard" Pascal Saint-Amans (@PSaintAmans), an OECD veteran named director of its Centre for Tax Policy and Administration in February 2012, who is overseeing the guidelines review.

It is very revealing that Saint-Amans told Global Finance in an interview: “Profits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog,” which basically means that Panama will never cease to be in black or grey lists (or that Panama has 3 million people and 1.5 million dogs).






Author: RONALD FINK

AT HAVEN’S END?

Multinational corporations could have a much more difficult time shifting profits to low-tax jurisdictions—and deductions to high-tax ones—under new OECD rules.
When Apple CEO Tim Cook testified in defense of the computer giant’s tax practices on Capitol Hill in late May, Cook was speaking for many multinational corporate executives when he insisted that Apple paid every bit of tax the company owed to the US and other countries. But that, according to critics, is precisely the problem. The current international tax system, based on a practice known as transfer pricing, lets multinationals shift income from parent companies or their subsidiaries located in high-tax jurisdictions, such as the US, to those in low-tax regimes, and do the opposite with deductions. As a result, critics say, companies artificially minimize their liabilities or even avoid them entirely, and do so legally, thanks to the widely accepted current basis for transfer pricing.
With a great deal of scrutiny coming to bear on corporate tax practices worldwide, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is looking at ways to revamp its guidelines on international tax practices. Until there is clarity on how this review will evolve, however, corporations are wondering, and worrying over, what it will ultimately mean. An OECD report in February to the G20 countries noted: “There is increased segregation between the location where actual business activities take place and the location where profits are reported for tax purposes.”
And though the cost to governments, many of whom are facing sovereign debt woes because of gaping fiscal deficits, may be impossible to gauge precisely, some estimates put it in the trillions of dollars. “If we could estimate it, we could tax it,” says David Spencer, an international tax attorney based in New York, who describes the problem as “monumental.”
The scope of the tax shortfall is evident in a 2008 World Trade Organization estimate that only 40% of world trade occurs between independent companies. The rest is conducted intracompany—and taxing of that income falls under the current murky transfer pricing rules. That proportion has probably decreased since then, as the global economic downturn has seen industries consolidate further. To help close this gap in lost tax revenues, the OECD has revisited the guidelines it established in 1995, and revamped in 2010, as the basis of transfer pricing practices in most of the world. An action plan that the OECD presented to the G20 in late July detailed 15 steps it expects to take over the next year to two and a half years to deal with transfer pricing and related issues.
The OECD is acting after being accused of dragging its feet. “The current system is not workable,” says H. David Rosenbloom, a professor and director of the International Tax Program at New York University—and former Treasury official.
OECD’S NEW GUARD
The evolving perspective at the OECD is owing in part to changes within the organization’s structure. Some critics say that much of the tax staff of the OECD until recently was “captured” by private industry, with members moving between positions in the organization and private industry as if through a revolving door. But it may have as much to do with the shifting power of member countries. Countries such as Brazil, China and India have rejected the OECD’s guidelines in favor of their own, more draconian regulations, bringing pressure to bear on the organization to enact change.
Pascal Saint-Amans
Saint-Amans, OECD: Profits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog
Regardless of the reason behind it, the OECD has had “a very serious change of heart” about the current system, observes Spencer. “There is a new guard that realizes it’s up against the wall.”
The new guard includes Pascal Saint-Amans, an OECD veteran named director of its Centre for Tax Policy and Administration in February 2012, who is overseeing the guidelines review. As Saint-Amans told Global Finance in an interview: “Profits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog.”
The OECD recently got an extra push to end such practices from the G8 countries, which issued a communiqué at their meeting in June that called for countries to share corporate as well as individual tax information without being asked to do so. Philip West, a former international tax counsel for the US Treasury and now a partner in the Washington, DC, office of law firm Steptoe & Johnston, said at a global tax conference in late April in New York City that such mandatory information sharing would represent the “first step” toward a far more onerous system for multinational enterprises than the one currently in place.
In fact, a growing number of countries aren’t waiting for the OECD to act. France recently slapped Amazon and Google with tax bills of €700 million ($930 million) and €1.7 billion, respectively, for reassessed liabilities based on their transfer pricing practices, while Denmark hit Microsoft with a €778 million reassessment. India is seeking $2.5 billion from Vodafone in a long-running dispute over that company’s 2007 acquisition of telecom assets from another company based in the Cayman Islands and Mauritius. All of those companies declined to comment, as did Apple and several other multinationals contacted for this article. For such companies, uncertainty over tax liabilities are increasingly a key concern. If the OECD fails to come up with a more effective system, companies may find that “individual countries do their own thing,” Robert Stack, deputy US Treasury secretary and the department’s international tax counsel, warned at the tax conference in New York.
The question is what type of change the OECD can get most if not all countries to accept, since it operates by consensus. Even if its action plan is accepted by the G20, as is expected at a meeting this month, and the OECD finalizes its proposal within the envisioned time frame, global governments and legislatures would then have to pass laws to embrace them. During that interval, corporations are sure to lobby against many of the changes—and dissenting countries, to push for even stronger ones.
CURRENT SYSTEM
The OECD’s current transfer pricing guidelines are used widely in tax treaties based on the so-called “arm’s-length” principle, under which companies are supposed to price intracompany transactions as if they were conducted between independent companies. That is supposed to result in appropriate taxation by each jurisdiction.
But critics say such pricing can understate income, because independent companies naturally enjoy smaller profits on transactions than those between parents and their subsidiaries, thanks to economies of scope and scale. And so-called “comparables”—based, for example, on royalty agreements within industries—that companies currently rely on to price cost-sharing agreements and other transactions between parents and subsidiaries may be even more misleading in the case of difficult-to-value intangible assets. Yet those assets are increasingly the basis of such transactions.
As a result, some critics go so far as to label the arm’s-length principle a tax-avoidance device designed to help companies move income to tax havens, where subsidiaries that do little or nothing can claim income. These critics want to see the OECD move toward what is called “formulary apportionment,” where profits are allocated among jurisdictions based on a formula that takes into account returns on assets or some other measure of profit.
The most strident proponents of such a change would also require companies to report the income they make in each country to every jurisdiction, a system that, when combined with formulary apportionment, is known as “unitary taxation.” The mandatory sharing of information among countries along the lines called for by the G8 would resemble that type of reporting, as its June communiqué seeks “a common template for country-by-country reporting.”
But it falls far short in the eyes of some. “You can’t stop income shifting to tax havens without unitary taxation based on formulary apportionment,” says Michael McIntyre, a law professor at Wayne State University.
Some supporters of the formulary approach nonetheless say unitary taxation is unfeasible. And defenders of the current system warn that the formulary approach, at least without agreement on the formula to be used, would result in taxation of the same income in more than one jurisdiction, an outcome known as double taxation, which is now avoided by tax treaties that embrace the arm’s-length principle. Says Patrick Evans, chief tax counsel of the Washington, DC–based industry group Tax Executives Institute: “Our members are extremely concerned about the double taxation issue, and if there’s no agreement on the formula, then double taxation is likely.”
Saint-Amans says he doesn’t care whether the OECD ultimately keeps the arm’s-length principle in place or jettisons it in favor of the formulary approach, as he sees problems with both. “I am agnostic,” he points out. But the OECD’s action plan continues to favor the arm’s-length principle. Saint-Amans adds that it would be difficult, if not impossible, to get countries to agree on what formula to use for the formulary approach. Quips Saint-Amans: “I don’t have a century to work on that.”
For a microcosmic view of the problem, consider the US. It has such a system in place for state and local taxes, but at last count the 50 states were using some 20 different formulas to apportion profits. And China and India are unlikely to accept any formula that doesn’t include a premium for the advantage that their cheap labor provides companies based elsewhere.
Instead, the OECD action plan calls for better enforcement of the arms-length principle, a position that the US supports but that Brazil, China and India, as well as many other countries, do not. They want more stringent rules.
The Treasury’s Stack told the April tax conference that the US doesn’t like the formulary approach, and that its own efforts to improve enforcement of the arms-length principle would be helped immensely if Congress simply repealed what are known as “check the box” rules for subsidiaries called “controlled foreign companies,” under which their parents can simply instruct the IRS to ignore them for tax purposes, so tax on their income is indefinitely deferred. Still, Stack acknowledged that “we are alone” among individual countries supporting the arm’s-length principle.
Although the OECD action plan backs the principle, many observers expect mandatory information sharing to strengthen the hand of authorities now in the dark about what companies are doing to shift profits to low-tax jurisdictions and deductions to high-tax ones. Saint-Amans says he’s more concerned with “double nontaxation,” where income is taxed nowhere, than with double taxation, though he warns that if countries don’t accept the OECD’s new guidelines, companies will doubtless face more double taxation.
CURTAILING TAX AVOIDANCE
The action plan also contains concrete measures aimed at what it calls tax “avoidance.” One of the most significant would curtail deductions on intracompany loans that are more like equity investments than debt, which bank holding companies use widely. Another would close the loopholes concerning tax residency that many technology companies have exploited to great effect. (See sidebar for a look at how Apple has done so.)
Regardless of what exactly the OECD eventually does, many experts contend that companies will find it difficult to continue using their most aggressive tax practices because of the backlash they now produce. Marc Sanders, a partner in the Amsterdam-based consulting firm VMW Taxand, told the April tax conference in New York that more and more companies have concluded that such practices now pose too much tax and reputational risk. As Sanders put it, “Mere letterbox or conduit companies don’t cut it anymore.”
HOW AN IRISH SUBSIDIARY PRODUCES STATELESS INCOME FOR APPLE
The case study on Apple that the US Senate’s Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations outlined in hearings in May offers a perfect example of what tax experts call “double nontaxation.”
Neither the company nor its Irish subsidiary Apple Operations International paid any tax anywhere on $29.9 billion that AOI earned from 2009 to 2012, owing to the difference in the way the US and Ireland define residency for tax purposes.
How so? Although AOI, which has no employees but is the holding company for most of Apple’s foreign entities, is incorporated in Ireland, it is not tax-resident in Ireland. That’s because AOI is neither managed nor controlled there, which is how Ireland defines tax residency, but rather in the US. And because AOI was not incorporated in the US, which is how the US defines residency, AOI is not a US tax resident under US tax law. The result of that double nontaxation is almost $30 billion in “stateless income,” to use yet another term of international tax art.
APPROACHES TO INTRACOMPANY INCOME TAXATION
There are two basic approaches to taxing income shifted by multinational corporations to, from and between subsidiaries in different jurisdictions, as follows:
1) The arms-length principle. Under this approach, which is used by most countries in the developed world under guidelines established by the OECD, companies must price these transactions as if they were conducted between independent companies (in effect, using the “market price” for the transaction).
Supporters say the arms-length principle for “transfer pricing” is the fairest means of taxing income generated by multinationals. Critics say companies take advantage of the leeway provided by this approach to shift more income to low-tax jurisdictions and more deductions to high-tax ones than they should so as to minimize or avoid tax.
2) Formulary apportionment. Under this approach, which the OECD is being urged by many emerging countries as well as nongovernmental organizations to adopt, companies would pay tax on such cross-border transactions based on a formula for apportioning profits among the jurisdictions in which they operate.
Critics say such a system would result in income being taxed by more than one jurisdiction unless countries can agree on a formula, and they contend such agreements would be difficult if not impossible to achieve. Supporters say its no more necessary for countries to agree on a formula for apportioning profits according to where they are earned than it is for them to apply the same tax rates, so long as they can resolve their difference through tax treaties, as they do now.
Some supporters say such a system should also require that companies report to each country what they earn elsewhere. When such reporting is combined with formulary apportionment, the resulting approach is known as “unitary taxation.”

Full text in https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/september-2013/cover-story-the-global-war-on-tax-havens





          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





          Lombardi Aguilar Group partner to moderate a panel at AmCham Trade & Investment Forum        

Abril 8 Foro AMCHAM
Trade and Investment Forum

Attorney Alvaro Aguilar will be moderating a panel on anti-counterfeiting measures at the AmCham Trade & Investment Forum


PRLog - April 5, 2015 - PANAMA CITY, Panama -- On Wednesday, April 8, Lombardi Aguilar Group (www.laglex.com) partner Alvaro Aguilar-Alfu will be moderating a panel at the American Chamber of Commerce & Industry of Panama (AmCham Panama) Trade & Investment Forum on  "Challenges and Realities of the Fight Against Illicit Trade". Aguilar will moderate a panel discussing the effects of illicit trade on the pharmaceutical and health industries.

The forum will have panels and exhibits from:

- Representatives Intelectual Property Registry (DIGERPI), Judicial Investigation Directorate (DIJ), Intellectual Property Attorney General and other government agencies engaged in fighting illegal trade,

- Representatives of multinational corporations and local businesses affected by illicit trade,
- Business Alliance for Secure Commerce (BASC) and local Food & Drug Administration (FDA) representatives.
- The Director of the Global Intellectual Property Center (GIPC) of the US Chamber of Commerce.

"The best known forms of illegal trade include manufacturing of counterfeit clothes, shoes, watches, audiovisual media (discs, movies, games)", Aguilar said. "The offering to the public of counterfeit versions of products which failure can cause accidents - such as auto parts, software, and other construction products - should cause concern. In the most dramatic cases, products for human consumption such as food, drugs and cigarettes are regularly altered or forged. The geographical position of Panama and logistical advantages are exploited by the merchants of illicit trade for transferring products to the Americas and other continents."

Mr. Aguilar is a graduate of Universidad Santa Maria la Antigua (LLB) and Washington College of Law at The American University (LLM). He has 20 years of experience in intellectual property protection and litigation on behalf of local, European and U.S. companies doing business in Latin America.  Mr. Aguilar also serves as Chairman of the AmCham Panama Trade & Investment Committee, which provides a friendly forum for information exchange and collaboration between the public and private sector, strengthening relationships with key groups of stakeholders in the region, including the National Government, embassies and other private-sector organizations.

The forum and luncheon will be held at Sortis Hotel in Panama City from 8 am to 2 pm.  Those interested in attending this event can register through the AmCham website at:http://www.panamcham.com/es/events/upcoming-events/cal Tel. 301-3881.

About The American Chamber of Commerce & Industry of Panama (AmCham Panama)

Founded in 1979, AMCHAM Panama http://www.panamcham.com is a non-profit, non-political, independent, voluntary association supported primarily by its members.  Much of the organization's work is accomplished through the efforts of volunteer member committees which collaborate to help AMCHAM promote free enterprise in Panama. AmCham Panama has over 450 active members, from small local companies to major multinational companies based in the United States.

About Lombardi Aguilar Group (LAG)

Lombardi Aguilar Group is a partnership of consultants created as an alternative for clients worldwide who seek fast, innovative and effective solutions to their legal problems. The firm currently provides services to individual and corporate clients in Panama as well in the Americas, Europe and Asia. Its partners maintain a commitment with professional ethics and social responsibility by participating in the board of directors of groups such as the Panama Bar Association, the Alliance Francaise, the German and the American Chambers of Commerce (AMCHAM) of Panama, and the Association of Chinese-Panamanian Professionals (APROCHIPA).

The firm centers its law practice in private client services and asset protection (Private Interest Foundations, Trusts), business structures (Offshore Corporations), tax planning, real estate and e-commerce. It also advices in areas of Law such as Corporate, Commercial, Intellectual Property, Maritime, Tax, Environmental, Life Sciences and Immigration Law as well as related litigation.

For more information, contact +507 3406444, e-mail info (at) laglex.com, or see: Lombardi Aguilar Group http://www.laglawyers.com

See full text in http://www.prlog.org/12442772-lombardi-aguilar-group-partner-to-moderate-panel-at-amcham-trade-investment-forum.html



          Panama moves to boost power generation        
Efforts to meet rising demand for power in Panama took a key step forward in January, with news that state-owned Empresa de Transmisión Eléctrica (ETESA) would be seeking bids to supply 700 MW of thermal energy.
The tenders form part of a broader move to diversify the energy mix and boost capacity in one of Latin America’s fastest-growing economies with ambitious investment plans – from both public and private sources – being rolled out across the utility spectrum. Panama plans to make available two separate contracts, each for the supply of 350 MW of thermal energy. Contractors will be given 90 days to prepare bids for the first project – a 10-year contract commencing July 2017 – while a deadline of 180 days has been set for a second, 15-year contract, scheduled for launch in January 2019.
ETESA’s general manager, Iván Barría, said that with interest among industry players high, he was confident competition around pricing for the projects would be aggressive. Barría also explained Panama’s shift in focus towards thermal energy, saying: “...we have hard energy needs, having contracted significant renewable energy in the past: now we need to complement that.”

Boosting capacity

In a separate development, the World Bank’s financing arm, the IFC, announced in January that a $300m financing package for constructing the second and third phases of the Penonome wind farm project had been finalised. Once completed, the project will offer 215 MW of installed capacity, making it the largest grid-connected wind farm in Central America. The wind farm, which will house 86 turbines, is expected to generate around 448 GWh of energy annually, equivalent to about 5% of total electricity demand.
Panama is also looking to boost the role of hydroelectric power in meeting rising demand for electricity. Its $1bn Chan II hydroelectric project, earmarked for the western province of Bocas del Toro, will add around 214 MW of capacity once operational, which is expected to provide up to 9% of total demand.
The country is currently struggling to keep up with soaring demand for power. Electricity consumption is expected to grow at around 8% annually, according to government forecasts, with the cost of putting in place the additional power-generating capacity required to meet demand over the next decade estimated at around $3bn. More than a third of the country’s electricity comes from burning fossil fuels, which, until the recent slump in oil prices, have been costly, and bring environmental risks.

Harnessing the elements

While Panama’s hydroelectric plants, which account for around half of total supply, provide cleaner, renewable energy, they remain vulnerable to the effects of the dry season.
The risks of the large share of water in the energy mix were highlighted at the start of 2013 when, due to a prolonged summer, reservoir water had fallen to such low levels that generation capacity was being compromised at the same time that peak demand reached a record 1445 MW. As a result, the government implemented emergency measures to reduce national energy consumption, particularly in the month of May when the water levels reached one of their lowest points in history.
However, the dry season is also traditionally marked by stronger winds, which Panama is keen to harness through its Penonome project, as a means of offsetting the drop in hydro capacity. The Penonome wind farm initiative is operated by a subsidiary of regional player InterEnergy Holdings, while construction of the Chan II dam was awarded to Brazilian civil engineering company Odebrecht. Work is expected to begin in December and Panama hopes to start generating electricity at the site in 2019.

Addressing the challenges

However, there are concerns that the project could run into opposition from local communities. The site lies to the west of lands occupied by the Ngobe Bugle indigenous community, which has protested against mining and hydro projects there. Protests have also been held over the Barro Blanco hydro project to the south in Chiriquí province.
Panama additionally faces challenges at the opposite end of the power chain. Distribution companies Ensa and Gas Natural Fenosa have both highlighted the problem of electricity theft, with combined costs to the two players over the past five years estimated at the equivalent of $125m. Ensa put its losses from theft at $80m, while Gas Natural Fenosa’s manager, Vivian Pineda, said the firm believed the number of households in Panama stealing electricity stood at around 40,000, costing the provider some $45m.
Broadening the energy mix will certainly strengthen Panama’s efforts to keep pace with rising demand for power and support economic growth. However, rumblings of discontent among local communities, alongside concerns about electricity theft, highlight the importance of carefully managing the sector’s development.
 
Full text in http://www.oxfordbusinessgroup.com/news/panam%C3%A1-busca-elevar-su-generaci%C3%B3n-de-energ%C3%ADa?utm_source=Oxford+Business+Group&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=5373099_EU+-+Panama+-+19%2f02%2f2015+-+Panam%c3%a1+busca+elevar+su+generaci%c3%b3n+de+energ%c3%ada&utm_content=Panama-EU-19%2f02%2f15&dm_i=1P7V,375WR,HYTLQE,BGEP9,1#”english”
 


          Moving along: Continuing to expand the Panama transport and logistics network        
 
A geostrategic location and the presence of the Panama Canal make Panama a natural centre for transportation and logistics. In fact, the transportation, logistics and communication sector combined is easily the largest contributor to GDP, a fact recognised by the current administration. In its Strategic Economic Plan 2010-14, the logistics sector, along with finance, agriculture and tourism, was identified as one of the country’s four pillars of economic growth. To secure the future of the sector the administration is investing $9.6bn, equivalent to 70% of public sector investment, from 2010 to 2014 in infrastructure upgrades alone. Public spending on infrastructure extends well beyond the flagship $5.25bn Panama Canal Expansion and includes the construction of a line on the Panama City Metro, a large overhaul of the national road network and several upgrades to maritime and airport infrastructure. With the canal’s ability to attract global trade, the country has been working for nearly a decade to create a business-friendly regulatory framework – replete with special economic areas and incentives for multinational headquarters – which should serve in attracting further investment as it continues developing the transport and logistics hub. While on the one hand the government is moving quickly to ensure its infrastructure networks are capable of providing a platform for the growing logistics and value-added manufacturing industries, on the other it is aggressively revamping airport infrastructure and further pushing to establish itself as a major aviation centre.

Quantifying Progress

Figures published by the National Statistics Agency (Instituto Nacional De Estadí stica y Censo, INEC) aptly portray the sector’s wider role within the rapidly growing economy. According to the latest available figures from INEC at the time of writing, the transportation and communication sector accounted for 24.1% of the nation’s total GDP (at 1996 prices) in 2012. Moreover, the sector has grown at double-digit rates in each of the past five years apart from 2009 when the global financial crisis slowed progress in the sector to 8.2%. The sector’s average annual growth rate from 2008 to 2012 was an impressive 12.7%. It has also been a major attractor of foreign direct investment (FDI) as logistics, construction and infrastructure firms look to take advantage of the country’s expanding role in regional and global transport. FDI stock in the transportation, logistics and communication sector reached $4.52bn in 2011 and represented 19.6% of the national total of $23.1bn, according to data from the National Comptroller.

Global Rankings

Heavy spending on infrastructure development has yielded improved scores in the World Economic Forum’s “Global Competitiveness Report 2013-14”. Indeed, Panama’s score in the report’s metric on overall quality of infrastructure has improved drastically under the current administration from 67th in the 2009-10 iteration of the report to 30th in the 2013-14 edition. Other related categories also paint a similar picture. Panama improved from 54th in the 2009-10 index to 35th in 2013-14 in goods market efficiency, from 18th to sixth in quality of port infrastructure, from 32nd to fifth in air transport infrastructure, from 62nd to 30th in railroad infrastructure, and from 62nd to 48th in road infrastructure.

Sector Structure

Despite steadily improving infrastructure across the country, the transportation and logistics sector lacks a titular head in the form of a dedicated Ministry of Transportation and Logistics. In its place is the Ministry of Public Works (Ministerio de Obras Públicas, MOP) which oversees the construction and maintenance of the national public infrastructure network, though in practice the MOP is primarily responsible for the national road network together with the autonomous Terrestrial Transport and Transit Authority. Numerous additional public entities with varying degrees of autonomy oversee the rest of the sector, including the Metro de Panamá Secretariat, a special secretariat created in 2009 to monitor the planning, construction and administration of the Panama City Metro. The Panama Canal Authority (Autoridad del Canal de Panamá, ACP) has been in complete control of the Panama Canal and its finances since the country took over control in 1999. Although it possesses a board consisting of various ministerial heads, another autonomous government agency, the Panama Maritime Authority (Autoridad Marítima de Panamá, AMP) is charged with overseeing all things maritime. Meanwhile, in the aviation sector it is the Civil Aviation Authority (Autoridad Aeronáutica Civil, AAC), which also boasts a diverse board full of governmental leaders, that supervises the country’s aeronautical activity.
In October 2010 the Ministry of Industry and Commerce (Ministerio de Comercio e Industrias, MICI), together with the Georgia Tech Panama Logistics Innovation and Research Centre, launched the National Logistics Council (Consejo Nacional de Logística, CNL). The CNL was created to establish a platform for collaboration among the government, private sector and academic institutions and eventually facilitate the development of the country into “the logistics and trade hub of the Americas”. However, the lack of a governmental ministry or secretariat charged with overseeing the long-term development of all infrastructures and responsible for coordinating inter-agency stratagem and budgets is a common complaint from the private sector given the already large and growing impact of the sector on the wider economy. Indeed, though the creation of the CNL represents a step forward in the logistics segment, it still falls short of the sort of authority granted the Secretary of Science, Technology and Information, for example, in driving the growth of the information and communication sector.

Legislation

The legislative environment in Panama has for the most part been conducive to business and investment in the country. Legal and tax incentives have been established through several laws for companies basing themselves in one of the country’s free or special economic and trade zones.
The Colón Free Zone (CFZ), the second-largest of its kind in the world, is a strong example of the importance of creating such areas, in particular for logistic and reexport companies. New special economic areas including Panama Pacifico and the City of Knowledge have also been created and should lead the way forward in the future (see Economy chapter).
However, in the second quarter of 2012 a new piece of legislation passed through the national legislature and was signed by the president. Known as Act 41, the legislation could cause issues with international investors within the maritime sector. The law stipulates that 75% of shares and personnel within the maritime services and auxiliary fuel distribution sector be sourced domestically. The rule sparked backlash from the EU, which considers it to be in violation of international commitments already made by Panama.

The Hub & Spoke

Panama’s location bodes well not only for its status as a trading hub, but also for its growing stature as a major regional centre of aviation. Indeed, Panama City’s location is within “narrow-body” range, the typical distance that the single-aisle airplanes which dominate the Latin American market can travel, of nearly all major cities within the Americas. Additionally, its improving airport infrastructure, expanding tourism sector and rapid economic growth are all supporting the country’s efforts to become the most important transit hub in the region.

Commercial Aviation

The impressive growth of Panama’s only major airline, Copa Airlines, also points towards a bright future for the sector. Founded in 1947, the Compañía Panameña de Aviación (Copa) is now the flagship airline of the country and one of the most prominent airlines in the expanding, yet still underserved, Latin America region.
Following the 2005 purchase of AeroRepublica in Colombia and the company’s initial public offering on the New York Stock Exchange, making Copa the third Latin American airline to list on the exchange, growth has been impressive. According to figures from Copa, from 2005 to 2013 capacity has increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17%, while earnings have experienced a CAGR of 21% during the same timeframe. As a result Copa has become one of the most profitable airlines on the planet, recording an operating profit margin of 17.9% for 2012. According to the latest data from the International Air Transport Association’s 2010 airline profitability report, the carrier ranked 10th in 2007 and fourth in 2008, with operating profit margins around 18-20%.
Meanwhile, the airline’s expansion plans include increasing its numbers in terms of fleet, route and frequency over the next five years. Indeed, Copa’s fleet plan includes the addition of 44 (30 firm orders and 14 optional) new aircraft between 2013 and 2018, most of which are single-aisle Boeing 737-800s with a range of 3000 nautical miles.

International Connections

Although Copa is responsible for more than 80% of daily operations at Tocumen International Airport, several international airlines also operate out of Tocumen including KLM, United Airlines, American Airlines, Iberia and Delta Airlines. In total, commercial airlines flying from Panama City service around 70 destinations – up from 29 in 2004.
The AAC has been working together with the Ministry of Foreign Relations and the executive branch to firm up accords with foreign nations over air traffic rights. According to Ivan Vergara, director of air transport at the AAC, “Over the past several years we have signed agreements with Brazil, Ecuador and Peru and expanded our accord with Mexico. In 2013 we also added or expanded agreements with Costa Rica and France as well.” Indeed, with Air France joining KLM and Iberia in operating transatlantic flights to Europe in November of 2013, Panama City could soon establish itself as a transit hub not only for travellers going from South America to North America, but to Europe as well.

Metro

One of the flagship projects of President Ricardo Martinelli’s administration, the construction of the $1.88bn Metro de Panamá should help to alleviate traffic congestion within the capital. The first line is expected to be inaugurated on March 5, 2014. The long-term master plan for the system’s development calls for the construction of four separate lines and one tramway line by 2035, though thus far construction has been started only on the first line (see analysis).

Urban Transport

In fact, the metro is just one part of a complete renovation of Panama City’s transportation system as the MOP has been in the midst of a major overhaul to the capital city’s road network since 2011. Meanwhile, structural changes to the existing public transportation system – mainly the replacement of the city’s diablo rojo (red devil) bus network – should also ease congestion in the medium to long term.
Over the course of the past few years numerous projects to improve road connectivity and traffic flow have seen various parts of Panama City turned into construction zones. In total the MOP reported in June 2013 that a combined eight road projects totalling $1.7bn were under way in the capital city. The largest project is the $782m construction of an underground connection between Avenida Balboa and Avenida Los Poetas, which was awarded to Brazil’s Odebrecht. It not only involves the construction of a new tunnel, but also renovations to Los Poetas, the construction of new sports facilities, bike lanes, gardens and even a sporting arena, the Maracanã Stadium. However, the project has become a source of controversy as it will also include the extension of the Cinta Costera (Coastal Beltway), a highway constructed a few years ago to relieve congestion inside the city and whose extension will wrap around the city’s Casco Viejo (Historic District).
While the project includes green areas and pedestrian walks it has drawn criticism as the beltway is seen as an eye sore and counterproductive to ongoing efforts to renovate the historic district. Fears that it would lead to the removal of Casco Viejo from UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites – due to the destruction of the centuries-old sea wall to make way for the highway – have been allayed as UNESCO announced in June 2013 the project would not impact Casco Viejo’s status.
The preservation of the historic district itself is a $175m project also being completed by Odebrecht and is seen as a key part of the country’s tourism development plan. Apart from renovating the area’s small streets and alleyways, the project also includes the construction of a new road dubbed Vía Cincuentenario. Both projects are expected to be completed in 2014.
Other projects include the $237m improvement and expansion of Avenida Domingo Díaz, which consists of the construction of three vehicular and three pedestrian bridges and the expansion of the road to six lanes.
Via Brasil, another major artery, is also being renovated in a two-phase project to the tune of $217m and $181m for each respective phase. The remainder of the investment, $76.5m, was poured into the construction of three underpasses, which are now fully operational.

On The Road

Outside Panama City, the road network is also under development as connectivity in the interior of the country continually improves. From 2009 to 2013 the MOP reported investing $3.4bn in road and public infrastructure projects, though the majority of that figure ($2.25bn) has been used to overhaul Panama City’s road network. Outside the capital the heaviest investment was found in Chiriquí, which received $262m, most of which was used to upgrade two highways from David to Boquete ($119m) and from Paso Canoas to Port Armuelles ($114m). Meanwhile, Veraguas received $179m; Herrera and Los Santos, each $156m; Coclé, $136m; Bocas del Toro, $72m; Colón, $64m; Comarca, $66m; and Darién, $61m.
In 2012 the introduction of a new stretch of highway from Panama City to Colón – easily the most important intra-city highway in Panama – reduced travel time from the capital to the Colón Free Zone to just 45 minutes. The project began in 2010, and when construction was completed in 2012, investment in the project reached $186m, MOP figures show. The $80.7m renovation of the Bridge of the Americas – which spans the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal – is another major project which was started in 2010, though it will not be completed until the end of 2014.

Maritime Transport

Obviously many of the maritime transport activities revolve around the Panama Canal, which has extensive port facilities at both entrances in the Port of Cristóbal (Atlantic), the Manzanillo International Container Terminal (MIT, Atlantic), the Colón Container Terminal (Atlantic) and the Port of Balboa (Pacific). In total Panama boasts 14 private and 14 state-owned and operated ports. Ensuring the country is able to meet demand increases following the arrival of post-Panamax ships after the completion of the Panama Canal expansion project is crucial to sustaining the long-term growth of the sector.
“Panama needs to have more terminals built in order to continue growing, especially a new post-Panamax port inside the canal,” Ricardo Lince Boyd, the executive president of Agencias Continental, a local ports and shipping logistics firm, told OBG.
Both the Port of Cristobal and the Port of Balboa are receiving an upgrade by the Panama Ports Company, operator of both ports, at a cost of $1bn. All expansion projects at both ports are expected to be completed by 2015 and will improve their combined capacity to 6.5m twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs).
Meanwhile, the MIT and the Colón Container Terminal (CCT) serve the CFZ and have also received sizeable investments in recent years. According to information published by Georgia Tech, the CCT recently spent $100m upgrading its terminal to its current capacity of 1.3m TEUs. The MIT is currently investing $270m to upgrade capacity to a total of 4m TEUs per year.

Logistics

Identified as one of the four pillars of future economic growth, the logistics sector is arguably the most integral piece in further developing the Panamanian economy. According to Proinvex, the investment promotion agency, roughly 3% of global maritime trade, including 10% of US international seaborne trade, passed through the canal in 2013. These figures are likely to swell upon the doubling of the canal’s cargo capacity once the expansion project is complete. This fact alone gives the country an edge over competing logistics centres in the Caribbean and along the Atlantic coasts of the US and South America. Still, obstacles do stand in the way, mainly a lack of qualified personnel.

Outlook

All of the ingredients for Panama to become a centre for transportation and logistics are beginning to coalesce. Domestic connectivity is being upgraded via major infrastructure projects such as the Metro de Panamá, the Panama-Colón Highway and an overhaul of the national road system. Meanwhile, international connectivity is also being improved thanks to continued investment in airports and seaports. Nevertheless, if the goal of improving national transportation infrastructure is to capitalise on goods moving through the canal by expanding the logistics and transport sectors, there are still obstacles to overcome such as the short supply of labour and strong regional competition.
 
Full text in http://www.oxfordbusinessgroup.com/overview/moving-along-continuing-expand-transport-and-logistics-network
 


          15 Panama banks under inspections by the Superintendent        
The investigation on alleged corruption by former officials of the previous administration has resulted in doubts about the enforcement of Politically-Exposed Persons (PEP) KYC rules by local banks, since several of those officials were signatories of companies receiving funds from possible kickbacks.  The KYC procedures of 15 banks are subject to inspection.



Date: January 29, 2015
SUPERINTENDENCY OF BANKS OF PANAMA
COMMUNIQUÉ
Following up on the information in Circular SBP-DR-0152-2014, released on November 26, 2014 and sent to all regulators, the Superintendency started a special examinations program on all banks in the market, aimed at verifying compliance with the regime established to prevent their services from being misused for money laundering, the financing of terrorism and related crimes, or crimes of a similar nature or origin. This program is in addition to the examinations conducted by the Superintendency.
The special examinations program is currently being exercised in fifteen (15) banks of the System. To date, five (5) of these inspections have been concluded, five (5) are being finalized and five (5) will be started shortly.
The Superintendency has pressed charges for allegedly failing to comply with the provisions of the Banking Law, Law 42 of 2000 and Rule 12-2005 on two (2) of the five (5) banks whose inspections have been completed. The files on the other three (3) are under assessment to determine charges. At the same time, the rest of the examinations being conducted could also end in administrative processes against these banks.
It is worth emphasizing that the concluded and ongoing administrative processes, as well as those that will be conducted later on must comply with the due process and secrecy required by our country’s laws.
We reiterate that the Superintendency of Banks will apply the sanctions provided for in the Banking Law and Law 42 of 2000 in those cases where noncompliance with the legal and regulatory frameworks for the prevention of money laundering and the financing of terrorism and of the banking regime is proven. To illustrate, failure to comply with the provisions on the prevention of money laundering and the financing of terrorism can incur fines of up to B/.1 million and breaches of other Banking Law provisions can incur fines of up to B/.500,000, depending on the seriousness of the breach, recidivism, the extent of the damage and the harm caused. 
These penalties will be applied without prejudice to those established by other competent authorities.
It is also important to clarify that according to the provisions in the Banking Law, any information on individual clients of banks obtained by the Superintendency while discharging its duties must be maintained under strict confidentiality and would only be disclosed when required by competent authority in accordance with legal provisions during a criminal proceeding.
Alberto Diamond R.
Superintendent
January 28, 2015

http://www.superbancos.gob.pa/documentos_ing/laws_regulations/notice/2015/notice_3-2015.pdf


          Baru Free Trade Zone offers tax savings in Western Panama        


BARU FREE TRADE ZONE (BFZ)


Located in the Baru district, on the Pacific side of Chiriqui province, Baru Free Trade Zone was created by Law No. 19 of 2001 with the purpose of establishing a special tax and customs regime to promote tourism, a logistic multimodal system, export processing zones and petroleum development area. Baru has an area of 588.7 sq. km. and population of 60,551 inhabitants. The zone is divided in 5 small villages, which are eager to develop the economic potential of the area. Baru FTZ meets the requirements to be a dynamic place for business, based on the following features:




  • Commercial Zone: It is expected to become an important platform for agricultural exports since Chiriqui Province is rich in agricultural production. It enjoys an easy access to ports on the Pacific side, and therefore, enables it to export goods to the whole continent, Europe and Asia, as well as to new markets. It is seen in the future as a regional warehouse and distribution center for all sorts of merchandise. There are duty free shops in the border area of Paso Canoas and Puerto Armuelles, where you can find commodities such as liquors, perfumes, electric appliances, car devices, and so forth.
  • Tourism Development Zone: Plenty of virgin natural resources and convenient access ways, Baru provides the opportunity to launch any kind of ecological adventure, while offering interesting and picturesque sightseeing such as Paso Canoas International village, near the border with Costa Rica, in which you can find a multiple variety of shops and commercial establishments. The multicultural nature of Baru adds special charm for visitors. The company Fish on Panama, Inc. has already invested more than US$ 500,000 in developing sports fishing activities. There are incentives to promote tourism development which allow to import free of tax ships, yachts, airplanes and any other vehicle that will be required to develop such activities. Furthermore, companies that invest in the tourism zone will be exempted from the income tax and can receive other fiscal benefits.
  • Manufacturing Zone: Baru aims at transforming itself into a manufacture and re-exports zone of agricultural products. Its main objective is to guarantee regular supply of perishable agricultural products to markets in Europe, US, Canada and Asia. It also seeks to boost a regional economic cooperation framework in areas such as transport, classification, management, packaging design, freight handling and warehousing techniques and so forth. For instance, wood manufacturing and exporting firm Tecno Empresarial, S.A. has made an important impact to the region, where it has invested above US$ 1.5 millions. Based on the zone regulations, companies could be exempted from income tax, import tax on equipment and machinery, and be subject to any other benefits for being involved in activities related to manufacture.
  • Petroleum Zone: Baru Free Trade Zone is able to store, manufacture, refine, purify, blend, market, transship, transport, pump, process, transform, sell, export, re-export, provide and in general sense, operate and handle crude, semi-crude and any other oil related products. A 204 km-long roadways in the region, and a 131 km-long oil pipeline crosses the Isthmus from the Pacific to the Caribbean Ocean, by which oil from Ecuador is transported to the terminals located in Panama, such as Charco Azul, which allows oil tankers of 300,000 dwt to dock.




INCENTIVES AT BFZ


  • A special and simplified procedure for the establishment and operation of a manufacture zone to export, which enables the creation of large factories to export a huge variety of goods.
  • Exemption of payment of the Panama income tax, patents, licenses and tax on other goods or capital.
  • Exemption of the import tax of raw or semi-elaborated materials, construction materials, equipment, furniture, accessories, appliance, or services that will be used in the operation of the company.
  • Exemption of the consumption or sales tax (ITBM)
  • Exemption of tax on interests, bonds and stocks.
  • Exemption of exports tax.
  • Issuance of one-year-valid resident business visa to perform transactions or business, which is also applicable on equal terms to spouse and children of the applicant.
  • Use of multiple reentry permit until visa expiration date.

Facilities & Advantages

Baru Free Trade Zone has the following facilities to offer:

  • Infrastructure: Airport, docks, paved highways, the second transcontinental oil pipeline built in the Americas.
  • Public utilities such as electricity, telephone lines and drinking water.
  • Adequate land features for the construction of deep ports.
  • Flat and fertile lands.
  • Extended beaches for tourism development.
  • Abundant fauna and flora.

HOW TO ESTABLISH BUSINESS AT BFZ?

Requirements

  • Power of Attorney addressed to the General Manager of the Baru Free Zone, requesting company registration.
  • Notarized copy of the company’s Article of Incorporation.
  • Four-month valid Certificate of Public Register of the company.
  • Copy of the petitioner’s Lease Agreement requesting the Permit for Operation.
  • Valid Certificate of Tax Payment.
  • Completely fill out the form ZFB-05 on Permit for Operation Application.
  • Copy of personal ID or passport of the Legal representative as well as the Manager of the company.
  • Letter of Commercial References.
  • Letter of Banking References
  • Form ZFB-09 related to the Income Statement of the company’s legal representative.
  • Form ZFB-10 related to the Income Statement of the company’s manager.
  • Certificate of Tax Payments of Baru Free Zone. Fees for Operation Permits (US$ 1,200, annually) and Operation Code Fee (US$ 200, annually).
Sources:


          Ð´ÐµÐ¾Ñ„фшоризации        


Практические примеры наиболее эффективных корпоративных структур для оптимизации бизнеса и налогообложения для предпринимателей из России и стран СНГ (с учетом деофшоризации)

Здравствуйте, уважаемые читатели бизнес-портала Offshorewealth.info о современных корпоративных решениях для международного бизнеса и защиты личных капиталов бизнесменов и инвесторов!
Комплекс мер по «деоффшоризации», предпринятый российским правительством в этом году (и, в первую очередь, недавние поправки в Налоговый кодекс) демонстрируют необходимость более четко обосновывать наличие в структуре бизнеса компаний, зарегистрированных в низконалоговых юрисдикциях. Государство выступает, главным образом, против ухода бизнеса от налогообложения в РФ, и в этой связи важно продемонстрировать, что снижение налоговой нагрузки не является приоритетной целью использования иностранных компаний для ведения предпринимательской деятельности.
Таким образом, главной особенностью развития оффшорной индустрии в Ð½Ð°ÑˆÐ¸ дни является движение от налоговой эффективности (оптимизации по одному параметру) к оптимизации бизнеса в широком смысле, то есть улучшению предлагаемых бизнес-моделей по ряду параметров. В данной статье мы приведем ряд примеров таких современных решений, которые будут эффективно работать в эпоху пост-деофшоризации.
Статья написана по материалам презентации, которую Сергей Богатырев, ведущий эксперт Offshorewealth.info, сделал на конференции Интакс в Москве в сентябре 2014 года.
...
И, наконец, Ð¿Ð¾ÑÐ»ÐµÐ´Ð½Ð¸Ð¹ из наших примеров Ð´Ð»Ñ данной публикации.
Иностранный инвестор вкладывает 10 миллионов долларов США в инфраструктурный проект в Казахстане. Доходы по проекту поступают из Казахстана в виде дивидендов.

Как известно, при выплате дивидендов из Казахстана источник выплаты удерживает налог по ставке 15%.
Оптимизировать налогообложение в данном случае можно следующим образом: владельцем компании в Казахстане является сингапурская компания №1. Акционером сингапурской компании №1 также является сингапурская компания (присвоим ей номер 2). Компания №1 является владельцем актива (долей в казахстанском предприятии), следовательно при продаже актива именно она будет выступать продавцом и контрагентом инвестора-покупателя. И если покупателем выступает институциональный инвестор, у него могут пожелания не только по стране регистрации контрагента (компания №1), но и его акционера (компания №2). Выбор сингапурских компаний дает следующие преимущества:
  • Сингапур - респектабельная юрисдикция с проработанным законодательством;
  • Идеальный имидж, который может быть важен для стратегических институциональных инвесторов и инвесторов с государственным участием (при продаже доли будут продаваться доли сингапурской компании и продавцом будет выступать сингапурская компания, что обеспечивает отсутствие претензий к «чистоте» бизнеса со стороны государства);
  • При выплате дивидендов из Казахстана удерживается налог по ставке 5%;
  • В Сингапуре можно получить освобождение от уплаты налогов;
  • Выплата дивидендов из Сингапура не облагается налогом у источника.
Акционером компании №2 является компания, зарегистрированная в ÐÐµÐ²Ð¸ÑÐµ, которой владеет панамский частный фонд.
Таким образом, прибыль по проекту аккумулируется в низконалоговых юрисдикциях с высоким уровнем конфиденциальности и приемлемыми затратами на содержание компаний.
Главный вывод из приведенных примеров состоит в том, что применение корпоративных структур с участием иностранных компаний возможно даже в условиях деоффшоризации.
В этих новых структурах находится место как оптимальным в данный момент классическим оффшорам (Невис,Панама Ð¸ т.д.), так и юрисдикциям, набирающим популярность в последнее время (Сингапур).
Наши специалисты с удовольствием ответят на возникшие у Вас вопросы и смогут создать для Вашего бизнеса структуру, которая будет эффективной с учетом всех современных тенденций и требований).
Offshorewealthinfo



          The 'who's who' of European tax havens        
Will Germany, UK and Netherlands end up in the OECD "black list" of terrible "tax havens"?



Forget about the Bahamas, Panama, Cayman Islands, or Fiji. If you want to avoid paying taxes and have no problem with dicey business practices, Europe has a lot to offer.

Europe is far from innocent in the international offshore tax evasion industry, as the Tax Justice Network (TJN) recently demonstrated. Many European countries, with their stable infrastructure and professional personnel, provide fertile ground for businesses or individuals to evade taxes.

Andorra
There are more than a few gaps that need to be filled in Europe, according to Markus Meinzer of the TJN. He helped paint a picture of who's who among European tax havens.
The independent mini-state of Andorra in the Pyrenees, which is not a part of the European Union, offers a secretive place for those in neighboring countries to stash their money. Particularly attractive is the personal service offered by banking advisers there. It's also easy for Spaniards and French to simply drive there to deposit cash. Afterwards, one can always tank up and buy cigarettes there - tax-free, of course.

Austria
As a country sharing borders with Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, the Czech Republic and Switzerland, Austria draws foreign capital by promising secrecy to account holders. It caters especially to Europe's German-speaking population, Meinzer said. But he also said that he knows of Argentines who, for example, combine investing in Austrian bonds with the advantages of bank secrecy. Due precisely to the lack of financial transparency and its geographic location, Austria has also attracted wealth from Arab world dictators for decades.
Channel Islands
The British Channel Islands Jersey, Guernsey and Sark are home to hundreds of financial institutions and insurance companies drawn to their simple and low taxes. While Jersey probably "hides the most dirty business," according to Meinzer, Guernsey is the most innovative.
With its so-called self-protected companies, an apparent single company is organized into cells with protective legal walls between them. And on Sark, according to British newspaper The Guardian, there are 24 companies registered for each of the approximately 600 inhabitants.
Cyprus
Cyprus is the perfect example of what can go wrong with depending on such dubious business models. It was particularly oriented toward former Soviet countries, and acted as a hub for them. Transactions over letterbox companies brought money into Cyprus, then back to countries like Russia - thus avoiding Russian tax authorities. But since the Cyprus bailout , in part by the EU, the Mediterranean island will have to come up with a new business model.
England
England, with London, represents one of the largest hubs for tax evasion and capital flight. Meinzer described London as "the mother of all tax havens" since the zone, which does not answer to the crown, has developed a network that continues to bring money back to the capital of the former empire. Money flows from there to British Channel Islands, such as Guernsey, Jersey or to the Isle of Man, then overseas to British territories in the Caribbean, such as the Cayman or Virgin Islands - or in Europe, to Gibraltar. London, is the seat of many dubious "letterbox companies," which only exist on the Internet.
Germany
Frankfurt skyline Foto: Frank Rumpenhorst dpa/lhe
Frankfurt is a great place for foreign investors to earn tax-free interest
Germany protects the data of foreign investors, who also don't have to pay taxes on interest.
Only Germans, or foreigners resident in Germany, have to actually shell out a flat rate withholding tax on interest income, Meinzer said.
Information on such yields also rarely flows out of Germany, he added: "Foreign investors with German accounts are protected with a certain degree of anonymity."
That's why Germany ranks ninth in the world for financial secrecy, according to TJN.
Gibraltar
At the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar has specialized in allowing such letterbox companies, called "trusts." The structure of such trusts means there is no real owner of the company. They are often used to add a layer of secrecy to letterbox companies, Meinzer said, which is particularly good for money laundering.
Meinzer cited insider information in calling it "the dirty end of the spectrum" for bringing money back into financial markets. The presence of many gambling casinos there also comes into play.
Ireland
It's called the "double Irish" in the financial world: A company founds two subsidiaries in Ireland with its business tax rate of 12.5 percent. Then, one claims to be based in a different tax haven. (Comparable taxes in the United States, for example, are around 35 percent.)


This is completely legal in Ireland, and therefore an optimal location for companies such as Google, Apple or Amazon.While the one company does business in Europe, it pays the other patent fees. Profits vanish, as costs and income equal out on the balance sheet.
Although other countries like the Netherlands offer similar models, Meinzer said the difference is that people do actually work in Ireland, which at least creates some jobs and a bit of growth in the country.
Isle of Man
Taxes are kind of an afterthought on this island between England, Scotland and Ireland. Inheritances and capital gains aren't taxed at all, while the highest level of taxation lies at 20 percent. Corporate tax is nonexistent. It's especially loved as a hidey-hole for British millionaires.
Luxemburg
Luxembourg is the second-largest financial hub in Europe, after London. Innumerable investors and around 150 different banks enjoy a lenient tax framework in Europe's stocks and bonds center. Luxembourg's status as an EU member makes it particularly attractive for European companies and the international market, Meinzer explained. "If I want to get around German laws, for example, I could go through Luxembourg," Meinzer said, adding that 40 German banks do business there.


With its low tax rates, Malta, like Cyprus, has long drawn foreign capital. Although corporate taxes are around 35 percent, companies can get most of that refunded.
It's a favorite among German companies, which earn a higher profit if based on Malta. Meinzer said that while it's clearly a tax paradise for companies, it's not clear if that's also the case for individuals.
Monaco
The Principality of Monaco continues to be home to the rich and famous, being surrounded by France. Millionaires happily set themselves up there due to the fact that they pay no income or inheritance taxes. The city-state also does not prosecute financial crimes committed abroad. Businesses, however, must pay taxes there - at rates of around 33 percent. France, though it doesn't play an active role, lends a protective hand, Meinzer said.
Netherlands
What Luxembourg is for private investors, the Netherlands is for large corporations. Business taxes are incredibly low, with many tax advantages for interest and licensing income.
With the "Dutch sandwich," a parent company has a subsidiary in the Netherlands, which it uses as a cheap tax base to develop its European business.
Switzerland
Although there are supposedly no more completely anonymous bank accounts in Switzerland (and neighboring Liechtenstein), it continues to draw large sums of money due to its strict banking secrecy. Considering the volume of money in Switzerland, it made first place on the TJN's Financial Secrecy Index.
Full text in http://www.dw.de/


          Historia de la región        
Tomado de: http://www.senadoragloriainesramirez.org/index.php/2010/01/en-sucre-asesinan-lider-indigena-de-los-zenues/

La historia del Caribe se comienza a escribir tras 1492, año del descubrimiento de Cristobal Colón, pero antes, las islas de esta región ya estaban pobladas. Los taínos fueron sus primeros moradores, era una tribu oriunda del lugar que destacaban por la pesca y la agricultura, y eran estupendos navegantes y guerreros.

 Tomado de: http://www.todacolombia.com/conquista.html

También hay que destacar la historia Maya de la zona caribeña de América Central, con lugares como Tulum, como cuna de la cultura maya, la gran dominadora de la zona hasta 1492, año en el que la historia de esta región cambie de rumbo definitivamente. Hasta entonces, los más de 3 millones de kilómetros cuadrados eran desconocidos para europeos y asiáticos, fue en ese momento cuando la historia cambió en esta región, cuando Cristobal Colón puso pie en la primera isla caribeña en una expedición financiada por los Reyes Católicos para buscar rutas alternativas a las indias.

El desarrollo del caribe no se hizo esperar, y rápidamente el comercio se hizo dueño y señor de este lugar, Durante el Siglo XVI ciudades como Portobelo se desarrollaron hasta límites insospechados, generando riqueza, ferias comerciales, intercambios, trueques, comercio al fin y al cabo que atraía dinero a la zona, y también piratas, una de las formas de delincuencia más comunes en la mar en aquella época. Es por ello que los fuertes y fortalezas comenzaron a proliferar en la zona, como el Fuerte de San Lorenzo, n el Siglo XVI. Cartagena de Indias, La Habana, Portobelo, fueron ciudades que crecieron de forma rápida.

En el Siglo XVII, franceses e ingleses se lanzaron también a la caza o a la conquista de territorios en esta zona del globo, los franceses ocuparon Martinica y Guadalupe, Inglaterra hizo lo propio con Barbados y Jamaica, arrebatándoselas a España, hasta ese momento dueño y señor de todos los territorios caribeños. Port Royal, en jamaica, se convirtió en un importante refugio de piratas, con nombres que quedarán en el recuerdo de estas aguas e islas, como Barbanegra, o el mismísimo Drake o Morgan.

Ya en el Siglo XIX se produce otro fenómeno que afectó sobre todo a España, los procesos independentistas de las diversas islas caribeñas. Muchas islas comenzaron un proceso que para España culminó con la pérdida de Cuba en 1898. A principios del Siglo XX, Panamá se separó de Colombia y se construyó el famoso Canal dePanamá. 

 Tomado de: http://www.natura-medioambiental.com/2007/09/reforestacin-concluida-en-el-canal-de.html

En el Siglo XXI, el Caribe adoptó una carta única rubricada en isla Margarita mediante la cual se constituyeron en un lugar único, el cual había que proteger, ha nacido el Caribe como región.

 Tomado de: http://www.elheraldo.com.co/ELHERALDO/BancoConocimiento/T/turiscartage/turiscartage.asp

          Tyndall Air Force Base visit — Panama City, FL        
Red's journey around the world
          Where should I start on beach hunting? (9 replies)        
Hey everyone
I'm a "landlubber" lol I've never hunted a beach before.

I'll be heading down to the red neck Rivera Panama City soon with my deus and Etrac.

So my question is where should I concentrate? Dry sand or wet? Morning or evening?

I'm going to buy a long handled beach scoop soon but was curious on any tips you guys might have.

Thanks
G
          Reply #6765        
Finally had some love today swear I haven't hit a $100 in atleast a month. Been so unlucky. In Panama City for the work week and just bought 1 off each roll in the Machine at a chevron on. 23rd street. Felt nice for once. Good wins everybody. Been looking mostly been kind of quiet
          Cyber Surf Shop and more links        
175 links and growing... If you know of a surf label with its own Web site that should be on this list and isn't, submit it by posting a comment. LEGENDARY NAMES Surfboards or works of art? Bruce Jones Surfboards The Endless Summer dude. Robert August boards That other Endless Summer dude. Sweet fish shapes. Michael Hynson Surfboards Wanna surf a Donald Takayama? Hawaiian Pro Designs These ain’t your dad’s Hobie Alters. Hobie Shapes the longboard champ’s ride, retros and more. Stewart Surfboards All shapes from a historic San Diego label. Gordan & Smith 24 shapes endorsed by a magical surfer. Joel Tudor Boards from a true pioneer. Dewey Weber Lightning bolts, tow-ins and more. Gerry Lopez Surfboards Gotta Hawaiin surf spot named for you? Dale does. Surfboards By Velzy You probably want a longboard from this guy. Dick Brewer Surfboards Australian icon Wayne Lynch's brand. Evolution WOOD BOARDS Expensive but beautiful kits and finished boards from paipo to log. 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Rainbow Surfboards More than just groovy. Plastic Machine Surfboards ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS & SHAPES Looks like an alien shape. Jet Bottoms Hemp and cotton cloth, hollow balsas. Ocean Green Full-on space aged internal frames. Hydro Epic Displacement hulls, flex fins. Say what? A must read. Liddle Surfboards The one and only Nugget shape. McCoy Surfboards Patagonia magnate, Fletcher Chouinard’s composite boards. Point Blanks Parabolic rail stringers. Firewire Surfboards A tail with springs in it. Surf Syndicate Hollow carbon fibers. Aviso Surf Built like airplane wings or UFOs? Salomon S-Cores Balsa, redwood, cedar and foam composite. GR Designs Soft tops for serious surfing. Tom Morey Tougher contruction’s by name-brand shapers. Surftech Epoxies from 6’2” to 10’ South Point Epoxies from 4’9” to 11’ NSP Aerated Cellular Structure tech equals indestructible. Bic Sport Surfboards FLORIDA SHAPERS Port Orange in the house! Klein Surfboards A Cocoa Beach master. Natural Art Flagler Beach shaper. maTTz Surfboards A real New Smyrna kahuna. Wooster Surfboards Still working on their site, but... Quiet Flight Flagler Beach’s world champ. Queen of the pier. Zamba Surfboards Atlantic Beach shop. Whisnat Surfboards St. Augustine shapes. Inspired Surfboards. Power to the Peeples. Erie Surfboards Melbourne labels. Cannibal Surf Space Coast shaper.Tom Neilson Shapes Daytona Beach rockers. Clever Surfboards Fernandina Beach house. Cyclone Surfboards EAST COAST RIDES Virgnia Beach icon. Wave Riding Vehicles North Carolina shop. AJW Surfboards GULF COAST Texas sticks of all shapes and sizes. Superior Surfboards Never seen a channeled bottom like this. Fry Surfboards THE HAWAIIAN BUNCH All style. All business. Town & Country Mostly guns. Casey Surf Designs Nothing says Hawaii like it. Aloha Surfboards A top dog name, bruddah. Ben Aipa North Shore bro, Jeff Johnston. Shapes Hawaii Another North Shore all star. Pyzel Surfboards Ridden at Jaws, a Maui address and a variety of shapes. Timpone Surfboards Maui wowie. Elua Makani Craig Kawamura shapes. CK Surfboards CALIFORNIA COOL Namesake label of Nor Cal’s surf city USA. SC Handshaped from Encinitas, retros, long dogs and shorties. Free Spirit Surfboards One of San Diego's big dogs. Kane Garden Hometown shop of the Dana Point mafia. Infinity Surfboard Encino man. Encinitas Surfboards Major label from Hermosa Beach. Sypder Surf Fish with home breaks of Trestles, Malibu, Huntington. 9 Fish Surf San Clemente shop. Cole Surfboards Name a shape. They make it. Channin Surf Hermosa Beach shaping bay. Stickman Surf Redondo Beach shop with lots of shapes. Fuego Surf Another Cali guru. Linden Surfboards Oceanside. Streetsmart. Chemsitry Surfboards San Diegan ridden world wide. Sharp Eye Surfboards Are you west coast on the schneid? Schneider Surfboards You stay classy San Diego. Christenson Surfboards Who’s ridden these? Machado. Kalani Robb. Sauritch Surfboards Newbury Park, Cali., shapers. Barker Surfboards From the home of the Banana Slugs. That's Santa Cruz, yo.