Besplatna mačka        
 

Odi na jedan od ovih proxy-a:
usafastproxy.info/ ili uk-proxy.co.uk ili dontfilter.us/ ili bypassthe.net/
Zalijepi ovu adresu:
http://stardoll.com/en/contest
Ulogiraj se na stardoll pa zalijepi ovu adresu:
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Pričekaj da se učita i to je to :)

          Nikolaos became a registered member        
none
          Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017        
Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017|Bilakah tarikh perlawanan bolasepak dalam Sukan SEA 2017? Adakah edisi kali ini skuad Malaysia B-22 akan menjuarai piala acara bolasepak Sukan SEA KL 2017 ? Nantikan perlawanan bolasepak Malaysia yang diundi dalam Kumpulan A bersama Myanmar, Singapura dan Brunei. Manakala dalam Kumpulan B terdiri daripada pasukan Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Timor Leste dan Filipina. Dijadualkan skuad negara B-22 akan menentang Brunei dalam penampilan pertama pada 14 Ogos 2017 ini.


Untuk makluman anda, jadual rasmi acara bolasepak lelaki bawah 22 tahun bagi temasya Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 akan berlangsung mulai 14 hingga 29 Ogos ini. Acara bolasepak lelaki akan diadakan di Stadium Shah Alam, Stadium UiTM, Stadium Majlis Perbandaran Selayang dan Stadium UM Arena.

Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017


ISNIN 14 OGOS 2017

(Kumpulan A)
● MYANMAR vs SINGAPURA
● MALAYSIA vs BRUNEI

RABU 16 OGOS 2017

Kumpulan A
● SINGAPURA vs MALAYSIA
Stadium Shah Alam 8.45 malam
● MYANMAR vs LAOS
Stadium UiTM Shah Alam 8.45 malam

JUMAAT 18 OGOS 2017

Kumpulan A
● LAOS vs SINGAPURA
Stadium Majlis Perbandaran Selayang 4 petang
● BRUNEI vs MYANMAR
Stadium UiTM Shah Alam 4 petang

ISNIN 21 OGOS 2017

Kumpulan A
● BRUNEI vs LAOS
Stadium UM Arena, Kuala Lumpur 4.00 petang
● MALAYSIA vs MYANMAR
Stadium Shah Alam 8.45 malam

RABU 23 OGOS 2017

Kumpulan A
● LAOS vs MALAYSIA
Stadium Shah Alam 8.45 malam
● SINGAPURA vs BRUNEI
Stadium Majlis Perbandaran Selayang 8.45 malam

* Jadual ini hanya melibatkan pasukan Malaysia B-22.

SABTU 26 OGOS 2017

Separuh Akhir
● Juara Kumpulan A vs Naib Juara Kumpulan B
● Juara Kumpulan B vs Naib Juara Kumpulan A

SELASA 29 OGOS 2017

● Penentuan Pingat Gangsa 4.30 petang
Kalah Separuh Akhir 1 vs Kalah Separuh Akhir 2

● Final (Penentuan Pingat Emas & Perak) 8.45 malam
Pemenang Separuh Akhir 1 vs Pemenang Separuh Akhir 2

Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017
Senarai pasukan dalam peringkat kumpulan 

Mampukah skuad negara menggalas tugas yang dibimbing oleh Datuk Ong Kim Swee untuk menjulang piala edisi Sukan SEA kali ini?

Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017
Wajah-wajah pemain Malaysia B22 Sukan SEA 2017

Baca juga :Jadual Penuh Acara Sukan SEA 2017

Ayuh beri sokongan skuad Malaysia Bawah 22 dalam temasya Sukan SEA 2017. Jangan ketinggalan tonton siaran langsung perlawanan bolasepak skuad negara di Media Prima dan Astro. Sila bookmark page ini untuk rujukan. Selamat maju jaya!
          Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017 Kuala Lumpur         
Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017 |Bila Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 ? Sukan SEA ke-29 akan berlangsung bermula 19 hingga 30 Ogos 2017, dimana Kuala Lumpur telah terpilih sebagai tuan rumah edisi kali ini. Jika sebelum ini Kuala Lumpur pernah menjadi tuan rumah pada tahun 2001, lagi sekali Malaysia memikul tanggungjawab sukan terbesar di rantau Asia Tenggara. Sebanyak 405 acara dari 38 sukan dipertandingkan di Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 antaranya seperti olahraga, bolasepak, angkat berat, akuatik, badminton dan banyak lagi.

Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017

Untuk edisi kali ini, tuan rumah Malaysia memilih Harimau Malaya sebagai maskot Sukan SEA 2017 yang dikenali RIMAU. Manakala logo Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 pula dicipta berasaskan Wau Bulan yang merupakan lambang kebanggaan Malaysia. Bagi peminat sukan tanah air, jangan ketinggalan menonton siaran langsung Sukan SEA 2017 di saluran Astro, RTM, Media Prima TV3 dan HyppTV.

Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017
Maskot RIMAU Sukan SEA 2017

Jadual Acara Sukan SEA KL 2017


Berikut dikongsikan adalah jadual pertandingan acara-acara sukan terkini yang dipertandingkan di Sukan SEA KL 2017 seperti ;

● Akuatik
- Diving (26-30)
- Swimming (21-26)
- Synchronized Swimming (17-20)
- Open Water (18)
- Water Polo (15-20)
● Memanah (16-22)
● Olahraga (19-26)
● Tenpin Boling (20-25)
● Gimnastik
- Artistic (20-23)
- Rhythmic (26-28)
● Badminton (22-29)
● Tinju (20-24)
● Kriket (17-29)
● Ekuestrian
● Lawan Pedang (21-23)
● Golf (22-26)
● Hoki
- Padang (21-29)
- Dewan (21-26)
● Luncur Ais
- Berbunga (26-27)
- Berganti (29-30)
● Judo (26-27)
● Boling Padang (22-27)
● Petanque (21-28)
● Pelayaran (21-29)
● Menembak (21-26)
● Skuasy (21-19)
● Ping Pong (20-26)
● Billiard & Snooker (22-27)
● Tenis (21-26)
● Futsal (18-27)
● Bolasepak (14-29)
● Sepak Takraw (16-29)
● Berbasikal
- BMX (26)
- Lebuhraya (21-24)
- Track (27-29)
●Triathlon (21)
● Bola Keranjang (20-26)
● Bola Tampar (14-20)
● Ragbi 7 Sebelah (19-20)
● Ski Ais & Waterboard (25-29)
● Angkat Berat (28-30)
● Pencak Silat (24-29)
● Muay (26-29)
● Taekwondo (26-29)
● Karate (22-24)
● Wushu (20-22)

Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017

* Kesemua acara sukan SEA Games KL 2017 berlangsung pada bulan Ogos.

Negara Bertanding Sukan SEA 2017


1. Malaysia (Tuan rumah)
2. Indonesia
3. Thailand
4. Vietnam
5. Kemboja
6. Myanmar
7. Timor Leste
8. Filipina
9. Laos
10. Singapura
11. Brunei

Lokasi/ Venue Sukan SEA 2017


Berikut adalah lokasi atau venue acara Sukan SEA 2017 berlangsung di Kuala Lumpur ;

Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017

Tiket Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017


Untuk makluman anda, tiket Sukan SEA 2017 dijual pada harga sekitar RM10 ke RM20. Dikhabarkan acara renang, taekwondo, pencak silat dan bola jaring telah habis dijual. Jika anda ingin dapatkan tiket Sukan SEA KL 2017, boleh buat pembelian secara online di laman web www.kualalumpur2017.com.my.

Bagi anda yang ingin membeli tiket ketika acara sukan berlangsung boleh dapatkan di kiosk tiket di venue pertandingan secara tunai, kad kredit dan kad debit.

Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017
Pingat Sukan SEA 2017

Mampukah Malaysia menjuarai keseluruhan pingat emas dalam edisi Sukan SEA kali ini? Jom ayuh beri sokongan padu kepada atlet negara kita yang akan memperjuangkan dalam pentas sukan masing-masing mulai 19 Ogos ini. Bagi peminat bolasepak, boleh rujuk jadual perlawanan bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017 DISINI. Selamat maju jaya!
          My 10 Favorite Things About Living and Teaching in Korea        
I'm two days away from leaving Korea. In two years of living here, I have developed deeply ambivalent feelings about both my experience here and the society itself. A couple days ago, I was re-reading The Prophet, and I was surprised to find a section that echoed my feelings about leaving Korea:

The hero has been in a strange land for twelve years and upon seeing the ship that will return him to his homeland...

"the gates of his heart were flung open, and his joy flew far over the sea. And he closed his eyes and prayed in the silences of his soul.

But as he descended the hill, a sadness came upon him, and he thought in his heart: How shall I go in peace and without sorrow? Nay, not without a wound in the spirit shall I leave this city.

Long were the days of pain I have spent within its walls, and long were the nights of aloneness; and who can depart from his pain and his aloneness without regret?

Too many fragments of the spirit have I scatterd in these streets, and too many are the children of my longing that walk naked among these hills, and I cannot withdraw from them without a bruden and an ache.

It is not a garment I cast off this day, but a skin that I tear with my own hands.

Nor is it a thought I leave behind me, but a heart made sweet with hunger and with thirst.

Yet I cannot tarry longer.

The sea that calls all things unto her calls me, and I must embark.

For to stay, though the hours burn in the night, is to freeze and crystallize and be bound in a mould."

A bit dramatic perhaps, but it really nails how I'm feeling. But, moving along... last week I posted my 10 least favorite things about living and teaching here, and here are my 10 favorite things about living and teaching here, plus a few runners-up.

Runners-up

Ice cream bars -- This didn't make the top ten because it has been absolutely disastrous for my fitness. At every convenience store, and they're everywhere, there is a freezer full of delicious ice cream on a stick in every flavor you could imagine and more (one of my favorites is a chocolate bar on a stick, surrounded with "nano-silver vanilla", coated with chocolate and peanuts, another is melon, another still is watermelon flavored and shaped ice cream with hazelnut seeds). A full price bar is 700 won ($.55), and most places sell them at half price. I don't know how that can be profitable (and I probably don't want to), but it sure does make for a delicious, fattening summer.

Elders' robustness -- Before the monsoon came with its endless days of rain, I was playing tennis every morning with a 64 year old man that was in nearly as good of shape as I am. I never saw him eat an ice cream bar. On my way to school, I routinely see 80-something year old men and women hunched over working in the fields, digging up potatoes or planting chili pepper plants. I've never seen them eating ice cream bars either.

Lack of zoning -- Where I come from, an area is either commercial or residential, so people end up driving a lot. Here, everything is mixed together, so people walk. On one level, it's nice to have a convenience store (with ice cream bars) in the same building as my apartment. On another level, it gets people out in the streets and creates a mixing of people and a sense of community involvement that I think we could use more of at home.

Free time -- I am ambivalent about this. Every single day here, I've had hours of free time. I play guitar, watch TV, read, watch movies, cook, paint, play online games, meditate, etc. I have learned a lot from the reading I've done, I'm a better guitarist and singer and cook, and I'm a champion of Settlers of Catan (my online game of choice), but I'm also bored a lot and frequently feel like I'm wasting my life away. It is that feeling that compelled me to take the plunge into grad school at the end of my contract here.

Now, to the top ten....

10. Gardens everywhere --
This province, Gangwon-do, is notorious in Korea for being difficult to grow food. The people respond by growing food absolutely everywhere. Any land that is less than a 15% incline and is not paved over is growing food, without exception. That's true whether it's someone's front yard, a triangle of dirt between a bridge and road, or way up in the valleys that surround the towns. They're not farms, much more like what we think of as gardens. They grow chili peppers, corn, soy beans, onions, garlic, potatoes, greens, grapes and on the occasional flat section of land, rice. This is this old couple's yard. It's worth noting that it's September and they're planting, probably the third crop of the year. I'm certain they would think we are insane for the money, effort, fertilizer and pesticides we put into grass.

9. Jjimjilbang -- These are combination health club, sauna and recreation center. Admission is about $5 and for that you soak in hot tubs infused with jade or eucalyptus or whatever, sweat in the saunas and steam rooms, and get a sports massage or a scrub down from an old Korean man wearing nothing more than briefs. There are restaurants, but for reasons that escape me Koreans seem to prefer to pig out on hard boiled eggs at these places. There are barbers and televisions and computers and massage chairs and cold and hot rooms and salt rooms and charcoal rooms and oxygen rooms. A great place to hang out and warm up in the winter or sweat out in the summer.

8. Outdoorsiness -- Koreans love the outdoors, whether eating squid jerky and drinking rice wine behind an apartment building, or hiking through valleys (which they have done an excellent job of protecting by concentrating in the cities the population of 50 million people in a country the size of Indiana). I love the tendency toward the outdoors, especially in summer, when restaurants pull out their plastic tables and the dining room floors spill out into the streets. The images of dozens of Koreans eating, drinking and laughing in a courtyard on a warm summer night will stay with me for a long time.

7. The sweet kids --
Not all of them were, but the ones that were sweet were the cutest, kindest, funnest kids I've ever known.















6. The restaurants & the food -- A lot of foreigners here complain about the cuisine, and while I admit the flavors can get a bit monotonous (sesame oil, soy sauce, garlic and chilies), I love the food, even though much of it is off limits to me as a vegetarian. Restaurants typically specialize in just a few dishes, are usually owned and run by an old lady who might work with one other old lady to prepare the food, serve the food, clean the place and everything. My favorite restaurant in town is a place where a 4' 6" 60 year old lady serves grilled fish lettuce wraps (I'm a quasi-vegetarian here) and seems to rotate through being amused, confused, appreciative and fed-up with the foreigners that frequent her place. The prices, and there's no tax or tipping, so what you see on the menu on the wall is what you actually pay, for a typically quick meal might be $3, and unless it's a very special dish (or foreign food or drink), meals rarely exceed $10 per person.

Every meal comes with bancheon, side dishes, that always include kimchi and usually other fermented vegetables. In a cheap place, you might just get three little kimchis, in a nicer place, it's not uncommon to get over ten bancheon, and they might include fried fish or raw octopus or other treats that can be even better than the central meal itself. In most cases, everything is shared with everyone at the table. In fact, when eating with Koreans, even glasses are shared -- it's a neat little social device... if you see that someone is bored or if you want to chat with someone that you're not sitting near, you take them your empty glass and a bottle of soju (chemically fermented rice wine) and pour them a shot, and in that manner, over a meal that might last a few hours, people move around (everyone sits on the floor) and everyone talks with everyone, everyone shares germs and everyone gets drunk.

5. Community focus -- This is the highest ranking item that is really about Korean society, as the next four each have to do with my position here. On the whole, I'm not a big fan of Confucianism, at least as it operates in modern Korea. However, the focus on social harmony is really nice, and something that I think we North Americans could learn a lot from. Where I is the dominant pronoun in the US, we is here. Studies have shown that the different mindsets actually affect visual perception, such that Asians are more inclined to view ambiguous situations from a removed, more holistic perspective, whereas Westerners are more inclined to view the same situation from inside it, from a first person perspective. Unfortunately, because of the xenophobia here, foreigners are not always considered part of the community in the same way Koreans are, which I think makes being a foreigner here harder than it would be in a more individualistic society like the US. But, while I'm sure my Korean friends still think I'm terribly obstuse and inconsiderate, this mindset has implanted itself in my head, and I'm glad for it. I hope it stays with me through the years.

4. Income:expenses ratio -- The salary foreigners earn teaching in Korea isn't anything special, except that foreign teachers' apartments are paid for by employers, as are airfare here and home and immigration costs. Food is cheap, entertainment (at least out here in the boonies) is scarce, and buying stuff doesn't usually make sense when you know you have to fit everything you own into two suitcases at the end of the year. Health care is nationalized and very inexpensive and the tax structure is very progressive so even those who aren't exempt pay less than 4% income tax. I have been saving almost 80% of my salary, and on top of that I'll receive about two months' bonus pay at the end of my contract. No one has gotten rich doing it, but especially for folks right out of college or when the job market at home is what it is right now, it can be a very solid financial move.

3. Vacation time & neighboring destinations -- While I've been here, I've spent time in China, Vietnam, Laos, Japan, Thailand, and Thailand again. Spending almost the entire month of February in Thailand is about as good as it gets. And it was a relatively quick flight on a lovely Asian airline to get there.

2. Novelty in everything -- Living here is a bit like being a child. You never really know what's going on, you don't have responsibilities the same way you would at home, you're easily surprised, and routine events are novel and exciting. It's incredibly frustrating, but also really enjoyable.

1. Anonymity & outsiderness -- There is something comforting about knowing that no one knows you, and that no one can. If people are going to stare at me as I walk down the street, I might as well wear shorts and flip-flops and sing as I walk. If my students are going to think I'm a weird foreigner anyway, it's much easier to engage them with silly foolishness that I might hold back at home. At home, as soon as you see someone, you thin-slice their age, sex, body language, clothing, and a thousand other things and make a judgement about who they are and how they relate to you in society. In a culture as foreign as this, that's impossible. Advertising doesn't affect you, because it is designed to take advantage of the human mind's inability to stop thin slicing. And not understanding what that 16 year old girl on the bus won't stop talking about can be really nice.

I couldn't have named this at the time, but this is what brought me back to Korea for a second year. When you remove a person from their native culture, you force them to examine themselves in way that is otherwise impossible. We define ourselves by our relations: to our jobs, our achievements, our friends and family, our hobbies, and the culture we consume (and, less often it seems, create). Take away all those things and one has to look internally for a sense of identity. That transformation started for me in my first year here, but it didn't have time to run to completion. When I got home, I didn't identify in society as I had previously, but I was still looking to things like my friends and my job to define my position in society, my social identity, especially since it had been upended since I had left. I ended up feeling lost and floundering around for quite a while before returning to Korea. I don't know if that transition ever really reaches completion, but I know that I am going home with a much stronger internal compass than I had before I came to Korea, in addition to a much broader perspective on culture, politics and the world.

          ContentBuilder        
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Version 1.1.2 Updated Warp Framework to v 7.3.34 Vorschau (http://demo.web-komp.eu/tenth) J! VersionXHTML/CSSParameterMulticolorJ3.x
          Akeeba Backup        
Mit Hilfe der Backend-Komponente Akeeba Backup für Joomla lassen sich Backups von der Website erstellen. Weitere Infos (https://www.akeebabackup.com/products/akeeba-backup.html)
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Lost in Laos: Part I        
This post is quite overdue!

LAOS...a true paradise...an escape from reality...a country lost in time....Perfecto!!
Had been plannin to visit for a long time...mainly for 2 reasons:
1. I really want to cover this entire region before I probably leave singapore....
2. Ever since NY Times listed it as "THE" place to visit for 2008 (read more here)

With the wonderful company of Lehmunade, AyeKay and Juddi....this trip finally materialised!!

Getting there: Not an easy tasks!...with no direct flights from Singapore..we had to make our way to KL..catch the Air Asia flight to Vientiane..the capital of Laos...this itself turned out to be quite an adventure!

Whenever I visit any place..I tend to have my pre-conceptions..and they have generally been spot on! But...Laos..really shattered them all!! The first shock was to find a wonderfully equipped airport at Vientiane! and this was just the beginning....

The Hotel...Mali Namphu was another treasure discovery! (thanks to my OCD research) The french architecture with wonderful courtyard...the sumptuous $1 breakfasts...the location..just too good!!
Courtyard in MaliNamphu
Vientiane is an idyllic..peaceful and quaint towns..It has a charm of its own..the myriad of temples..the artistic french quaters and the wide avenues...a place with true character!

The temples are truly magnificent...especially Pha That Luang, Wat Si Saket, Haw Pha Kaew and the Patuxai which is the Laotian version of the Arc de Triumph...
Golden Stupa of Pha That Luang
Bird Sellers at Pha That Luang
Wat Si Saket after a shower
Hwa Pha Kaew
Patuxai
The city centre is thronged with scandinavian and french bakeries...serving delicious pastries...cakes and baguettes..there are plenty of shops selling unique art pieces and countless number of massage centres...the laotian massages are really cheap and truly relaxing!!
Cafes around city centre

Really enjoyed the time spent in Vientiane..

Next Stop: Luang Prabhang
          My Travel Planner for 2008        

Thanks to NY Times..

here's a list of must-visit places in 2008..one for every week of the year..

Wow!! Wouldn't you just love to do that!!

Laos is on top of the list...and it is high time I paid a visit to this jewel in the Indochine...
           Endemic or introduced? Phylogeography of Asparagopsis (Florideophyceae) in Australia reveals multiple introductions and a new mitochondrial lineage         
Andreakis, Nikolaos, Costello, Paul, Zanolla, Marianela, Saunders, Gary W., and Mata, Leonardo (2016) Endemic or introduced? Phylogeography of Asparagopsis (Florideophyceae) in Australia reveals multiple introductions and a new mitochondrial lineage. Journal of Phycology, 52 (1). pp. 141-147.
          Sambal Goreng Kering (Verre Oosten)        
SAMBAL GORENG KERING (GEKRUIDE AARDAPPELSTAAFJES)

1 klein zakje fritessticks
½ uitje
1 teentje knoflook
2 theelepels laos
1 theelepel sambal oelek
2 theelepels goela djawa of bruine basterdsuiker
(zout)
1 eetlepel olie


De ui en knoflook fijnstampen en met de kruiden heel licht in de olie fruiten, de aardappelstaafjes erdoor roeren en goed verwarmen. De gesnipperde suiker erbij doen en blijven roeren tot de suiker gesmolten is. Het kan warm of koud gegeten worden.

4 personen

gebied : Verre Oosten
gerechtsoort : bijgerecht

bron : Lekker uit de toko : Wat je allemaal kunt maken van exotische kruiden, bijzondere ingrediënten, tropische groenten en fruit / Martha de Jager

          Chiang mai, chiang rai, myanmar en begin Laos         
none
          Kumpulan-Kumpulan cerita Batak lucu.!!!        
Ditingki mulak Prof Loaks to toba,naek ALS ma Ibana sian Medan.
Laho berangkat adong ma sada Anakboru naeng mulak tu Balige alai marpangkean Rok semi mini na ketat.
Di tingki naeng nakkok si Anakboru i tu bagasan Bus, dang sahat patna tu tangga ni Bus i.
Dang habis akkal si Anakboru i,di coba ma paturunton resleting ni roknai saotik di pudi asa songon na longgar.
Alai sampe tolu hali dicoba paturunhon resletingnai dang marnaboi nangkok.
Dungi songgotma adong sada tangan na mansai gogo mandorong sian pudi,gabe ujungna boi ma nangkok si Anakborui tu bagasan.
Dibereng Anakboru i ma tu pudi ise na mandorong ibana sian pudi.
Adong ma sada ama-ama satonga umur songon na senyum2.
Mamerengi muruk hian ma si Anakborui,didok ma:
“Hurang ajar do Ito ate, ndang sopan maniop pudi ni Anakboru”
Ninna Amantai ma: “Ito do na so sopan, so ditanda ito dope iba nunga barani paturunhon Resleting ni Salaoar niba sampe tolu hali”
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Tips tu angka Boru2 ni Halak Hita
Molo naeng terhindar hamu sian perkosaan ni angka Baoa parjahat boi do ra begeon muna Teori Kemungkinan(Probability’s Theory) sian Prof Loaks,songonon:
Ditingki mulak mar koor sada Anakboru mardalan pat ibana, ala dang pola dao jabuna sian tempat ni parkooran i.
Hape diihuthon sada Baoa na jahat ma Ibana.
Pintor maringkat ma si Boru sa gogona hape tong do diihutton Baoa i maringkati sian pudi.
Ala humatop do maringkat si baoa i,gabe dapotna sa ma si Boru di toru ni Hariara na adong di dalan i.
Marpingkir ma si Boru boha dalanna asa salamat Ibana.
Dungi diangkat ma Rokna timbo di jolo ni Baoa i.
Songon naung ni duga na,pintor dipaturun si Baoa ma antong Salaoarna.
Sesuai Probability’s Theory ni Prof Loaks:
“ANAKBORU NA MANGANGKAT ROK NA,PASTI DO HUMATOP
MARINGKAT SIAN BAOA NA PATURUNHON SALAOAR NA”.
Ujungna,gabe salamat ma Anakboru i sahat tu jabuna :D
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Jadi disungkun dongan on ma au doba…. aha ma paganjangkon ALS?
antar lintas sumatera nikku,
MRT? medan raya tour nikku….,
RMC? rahayu medan ceria nikku…..
ala ni kesalhu husungkun ma ibana muse… aha kepanjangan ni TSK? “Tunas Kencana” ninna…… SALAH……. nikku,
Tarsonggot ibana…. aha do? Tolor Sama Kau (sambil hupatudu tolor na naeng alangonku)
Pittor mangamuk ibana daba…..hahahaha……
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Muruk ma si Jaultop tu anakna si Ranap, ai punten merah sude rapotna.
Jaultop : “Ai na boha do ho… bukkan main otom. Ia anak ni halak, jago jago puttenna di rapot, hape sarupa mangallang indahan do, sarupa minum aek do, sarupa marsiajar…sarupa manggarar uang sikkola… aha huroha bedana anak ni halak an dohot ho…..iii????”
Ranap:” Halak i….bapak na malo malo …”
&#^%#&*daggooootaheee….!!
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Nga palak hian roha ni Ibu Sembiring, sude murid na otooto; chatting, internet, sms holan i nama na adong dipikkiran ni angka murid on.
“Jadi nggak ada kalian yang tau bagaimana cara memastikan gunung berapi aktif atau tidak ?”.
Nga golap bohi ni Ibu Guru on ala ni murukna
Jongjong ma si Paget mangalusi : “Maaf, ya bu, mungkin jawaban saya ini bisa membantu : Coba aja di miskol, kalau ada nada sambung, berarti gunungnya masih aktif, selamat mencoba” ninna ibana pintor hundul tanpa merasa bersalah
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Adong sahalak anak boru sian samosir goarna si Tiurma mangaratto tu Jakarta
Sataon dope disi mulak do ibana tu huta martaon baru, ala nga saor tu halak sileban ittor mar “elu gue” nama ibana di huta.
Disada tikki martamu do si Tiur on tu jabu ni namboruna di huta,
Tiurma; “eh namboru..gi pain sih,??”
Namboru; “bah ai na ro doho Tiur?? Toe tu jabu ma hita..”
Tiurma; “ya nih namboru gue semalam nyampe..ywdah deh kite k rumah” nina..
Hape dina laho masuk tu jabu pittor di roro panangga ni namborru nai si Tiurma naeng dissarbut..marikati ma si Tiur, huhut marssoara gogo… “AGGOOO NAMBORUUUUU…BUAT JOO BIAAANG MOOON…!!!!!!”.
Ha,,ha,,ha nhahaahahahahahh,,,,mago do hape hata Indonessia ni halak BATAK molo di roro biaaang,,,,,!!!! Ha ha ha ha ha,,,
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Di sada tikki mogok ma sepeda motor( Kreta hata di hitaan ) ni si sakkot di dalan di langlang hape nga golap muse , ujungna di iring iring ibana ma kereta on sampejumpang huta .nga tung apala loja jala maus ibanmangiring kareta on , ujungna dung dapot jabu di tuktuk iban ma jabu ni parjabuon.
Sakkot : huhang hihabu do hamu hukka jo huhang ninna. mandok TULANG
Parjabu: hihe i ..
Sakkot : au ho hi huhang hi hakhot hoau .
Parjabu: hi hahot ihe ho .
Sakkot: huha maho huhang .
Parjabu: hahuha ho hu hon ?
alai nga sai mohop dirohabi amantai morot ma ibana lao mambuka jabu on sambil di buat parang ganjang .sambil dibukka jabu i didok amantai ma aha ho makhud mu pauhuuhuhon honinna ,sambil di angkat prang na , ro sisakkot hang na pauhu uhuon au huhang nnna, tarsonggot ma amantai du di ida sisakkot , bah Pahuo hia ninna ma …..ai saru pa na sumbing do halaki nadua
——————————
Asa hatop koring.
Nunga sar tarbarita di RS Jiwa, halak naburju do anggo si Senu. Molo adong pangisi ni ruma sakkit i na hasusaan, ibana do nagabe pangalu-aluan nasida. Dinasahali, tikki por ni udan tonga ari, manongnong ma di binanga 2 halak pangisi ni rumah sakkit i. Ala malo do si Senu marlange, pittor sigap do ibana manolong. Selamat ma donganna i.
Botari nai, didapothon Kapala (K) ruma sakkit ima si Senu (S) tu podomanna.
K: Mauliate ma Senu, nunga ditolong ho donganmu sian parmaraan. Mansai rikkot do diho hape namardongani. Molo boi do songoni torus pardonganonmu, hatop nama mulak ho sian ruma sakkit on. Alai, ujungna mate do daba sahalak donganmi. Gantung diri ibana di kamarna.
S: Ai au do manggantung i, asa hatop koring ibana ninna rohakku.
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Ditaruhon Nai Sarda do si Sarda sahat tu Terminal Parluasan naeng tu Medan, jala jamot do dipasahat tu kernet ni motor i .
“Ito, dungoi hamu annon beremon di Tebing da”
“Beres ma i Ito” pintor ninna kernet on.
Alai holan hata do “beres” di kernet on, ai lupa do ibana mandungoi berena i.
Dung tarlewat, somba-somba ma ibana tu supirna mangelek asa mamutar jo muse.
Nang pe godang namarungut-ungut panumpang, paula so dibege kernet i nama, massam ma dibaen ibana alasanna, huhut sai somba-somba.
Holan sahat muse di Tebing didungoi ibana ma berena on:
“Turun ma ho bere, nga Tebing on.
“Ndang dison au turun, di Medan do” ninna bere na on
“Bah, nangkin didok Omakmu dungoan ho di Tebing”
Mandungoi do didokhon, memang nangkin didok Omaku: “annon ma hira 2 jom nai allang ubat mi, hira-hira di Tebing ma i, hudok pe tu kernet i asa didungoi ho di Tebing”
Hahaha marsak ma kernet on umbege alus ni bere na i:
“Loakhi, loakhi,loakhi..”sai ninna ma huhut dipastapi ibana simanjujungna.
“Hehehe, unang pola jut roham Tulang, ai i do umbaen na maol maju negara on, nagodang do songon Tulang.. pahatopphu mambaen keputusan…hehehe
“Sip ma babami, si diboto ho godang ni ungut ungut tinaon, ala ni Tebing tebing mo
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“NDANG TARPANGKE”
- Bah sadis na i, boasa ndang tarpangke, pintor kantor begu aha huroha kantor muna on ???
+ Ndang soal begu aha kantor.., saonnari aha ma pendidikanmu huroha ?
- Hukum…
+ Ima khan ndang tarpangke Lae dison.
- Boasa huroha ndang tarpangke ?
+ Olo ma annon holan na manghatai Lae, ndang ra karejo
- Alai unang sala Lae, songonsongononpe nga hea au jadi diplomat.
+ Diplomat ??..ah ba dia ma antong tarjalo Lae dison
- Bah boasa ?
+ Olo ma annon holan na miting karejo ni Lae,
+ Nga adong tahe jabum ?
- Daong dope
+ Kan, nga hudok ndang tarpangke Lae dison.
- Boasa sahatsahat tu jabu ?
+ Holan karejo Lae dison, olo ma annon pintor mengajukan kredit kan ?
- Ah.. daong bah, ai sian da ompung sahat tu natorashu..nga gok arta na.
+ Ido ate, ale justru ala ni i do ndang dijalo Lae karejo dison.
- Aha alasanna ?
+ Berarti na cari hiburan do Lae tuson, olo ma annon holan na nongkrong-nongkrong Lae di kantin.
+ Nga adong mobilmu ?
- Daong.
+ Dang dijalo Lae.
- Boasa muse disungkun Lae sahat tu mobil ?
+ Tong ma annon perusahaan baenonmu manuhor mobilmu
- Ah pagodanghu do hubereng alasan, bila porlu hutuhor di hamu sada be mobil.
+ Bah.. lam so tarpangke do Lae dison
- Aha muse alasan mu?
+ Sompit parkiranna Lae ..
+ Nangkin didok Lae Singkola Hukum..nga selesai ?
- “nungnga”.
+ Ndang cocok bah, alana na dibutuhkan lulusan SMA do, asa ummura bayaron.
- Na humaksud selesai,, manusun skripsi dope.
+ Lam so tar jalo…… .
- Ai dia do muse ?
+ Holan na mangetik skripsi ma annon Lae, jala dung lulus, pinda muse ma tu perusahaan na asing.
+ Boha kesehatan mu ?
- Sehat..
+ Ndang tarjalo Lae.
- Boasa ?
+ Ndang tahan annon Lae dison
- Daong tahe, antar adong do rintik hu
+ Ndang boi antong na rintik dah
- Ai dia do , nga sampe nidok iba na rintik, tong dang dijalo..?
+ Ai molo toho do Lae na rintik..nga tamba sainganhu puang, ai au pe na rintik do
Hahahaha..rintik ma dohot na manjaha..
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Opname ma Ompu Si Tali di Rumah sakit. Sahit asma, jei ingkon pangke selang oxigen do ibana asa boi marhosa. Ala tung mansai tabo na maraleale i tongtong do di dongani Ama ni Onggal ibana di RS. Huroha nga lam pasang sahit ni Ompu Si Tali on, nga sai malgipalgip dibereng Ama ni Onggal. Sai di pahusor husor ibana ma tangan na sai hera naeng manurat..
Oh, pintor mangantusi Ama ni Onggal “nanaeng manurat hata tading-tading ma huroha” ninna rohana pintor dilehon ibana harotas dohot pulpen.
Holan dung sae di surat Ompu Si Tali surat on dipasahat ma tu Ama ni Onggal. Pintor jalo disangkui Ama ni Onggal surat i, “ndang tingki na une, jahaon i saonnari” ninna rohana.
Marujung ngolu ma Ompu si Tali dijolo ni alealena Ama ni Onggal.., Dung sidung di hobasi hombar tu adat nasida, ditaringoti ma tadingtading na. Pintor di ingot Ama ni Onggal surat i, jala dipasahat tu keluarga.
“Ndang hujaha i, ai hamu do na berhak disi” ninna Ama ni Onggal ..jujur.
Dijaha nasida ma surat i, songon on ma isi na :
“IA UNANG DEGE FUANG SELANG OXIGEN I, GABE SO BOI IBA MARHOSA”
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‎7 Tips interview melamar karejo…
1. Hundul ma denggan dikursi khusus pelamar, unang pangido diompa HRD holan asa patuduhon molo hamu jolma na malo margaul…..* Pingsan datung pilihan nadenggan asa menghindari sungkun-sungkun na, ” kecuali hamu Syahrini,”…
2. Mangurupi Inong tu onan datung pola gabe sipaboahonon sebagai pengalaman Marketing..
3. Molo disungkun pengalaman muna, unang jawab…“Maaf pak, saya ga mau inget-inget masa lalu saya, perih rasanya… #malingin muka”
4. Molo waktu hening,..unang puntarhon galas,…{ kecuali hamu Dian Sastro } …muse ise annong paiashon { kecuali hamu Inem pelayan seksi }.
5. Molo na manginterview i kebetulan Dongan muna,… unang dokkon,..“ woy cuy, elu yg interview? hahay, abis ini kita mabok nyook?”
6. Marcukur kumis molo boi nian sebelum interview antong,…UNANG PAS INTERVIUW !!!
7. molo disungkun,… Bohado molo gagal hamu melamar karejoon,…lomo muna ma manjawab,…alai molo boi nian unang dongkon,…“ Ya ga papa pak, kesempurnaan ini hanya milik Tuhan…”
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“cewek matre”.
“Ai boha do dibahen ho umbahen na sai di tarunggui angka boru-boru i ho ?” ninna si Poltak ma manungkun si Tangkas.
“Ah, gampang do i, holan sahat au tu cafe, husampathon, kunci ni mobilhu tu meja, pintor mar ro an be do angka boru-boru i, hehehhe” ninna si Tangkas ma paboahon rahasia sukses na.
“Alai boha ma i ate, so adong mobil hu, alai..ho pe sadihari adong mobil mu ?” sungkun-sungkun ma ro ha ni si Poltak.
“Hehe..ai ima ho kedan, pa polos hu na mar Jakarta i, dang boanon mu masuk mobil mu tuson tung pe adong mobilmu, gantungan kunci na i do na umporlu, i ma tuhor.
Jadi do dituhor si Poltak, gantungan kunci ni Pajero Sport (mobil impian) na, laho ma ibana tu cafe. Holan sahat di cafe, disampathon ibana kunci ni Pajero na on tu meja, alai ndang adong anak boru manjonohi ibana. Pinda hundulan ma ibana, disampathon muse kunci na on…tong dang adong manerge..
Ujungna di dapothon ibana masi Tangkas na tongon di haliangi na marbaju.
“Lae, nga hubaen songon na nidok mi, alai so adong na ro tu iba”
Dipanotnoti si Tangkas ma dongan na Si Poltak on, dungi mengkel ma ibana margahargak…
“lae..lae, jolo buka antong helm mi…”
Hahahaha, ndang pola pake helm iba antong molo naik pajero …ndang i kawan ? Horas ma.
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Di kebaktian Minggu taon baru i, sahalak oppung (marumur 115 taon) dohot marulaon nabadia (alai fiksi do on). Ala nunga nengel, jala ikkon ditogu-togu pahoppuna nama ibana laho mardalan, gabe paddita ima ro mandapothon oppung i. Dung diinum si oppung anggur i, disukkun paddita ima ibana:
Pdt: Aha do resepna oppung, umbahenna gajjang umurmu? Paboa jolo, bah!
Oppung: Haaaa..?? Aha nimmu?
Dung dihusiphon pahuppuna sukkun-sukkunni paddita tu pinggolna i, dialusi oppungi ma,”Ooo, asa gajjang umurmu, ba ikkon songon sahithon ma.”
Pdt: Ai aha huroa sahitmu?
(dihusiphon pahoppuna muse)
Oppung: Sahit nengel!
Pdt: Bah, molo nengel huroa, boi gabe gajjang umur niba?
(ala nunga jut rohana, dipaggogo pahoppuna ma soarana tu pinggol ni oppung nai)
Oppung: Bah, ido attong, ala dang tarbege molo dijou Tuhan ho.
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‎”Bah tu aha hamu manuhor detergen, biasana tu “laundry” do ” ninna si Joel tu si Botang na ro manuhor ri**o tu kode na.
“Imada adong hupiaro biang, hubereng godang hutuna, asa hupaias jo” ninna si Botang on mangalusi, huhut digarar ibana detergen na on.
“Ai adong do Lae spesial ubat ni hutu, ido baenonmu” ninna si Joel huhut dipatudu ibana tigatiga na on.
“Aha na so dohonon mu, partigatiga” nina rohana si Botang, “Padiar ma Lae pangke detergen on, asa laos ias daging ni biang i” ninna huhut lao mulak.
Sogot na i ro ma si Botang on tu kode ni Si Joel.
“Nga mate Lae biang hi”, ninna ibana murhing.
“Ai hudok pe tu Lae, ubat nihutu do tu hutu, alai sai daong nimmu”
“Ai mate pe biang hi Lae so ala ni detergen” ninna si Botang mangalusi.
“Jadi ala ni aha do ?”
“Husiram, dungi husabuni, hu gundar, husiram muse…”
“Bah anggo songoni boasa mate”
“Ala huporo, ba laos mate”
Hahahaha, ai diporo si Botang do antong na so si poro on.
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‎”Ah, pargabus do ho, dia ma tohoni adong pidong na boi mangendehon Luat Pahae” alai anggo ende balonku ada lima.. olo ma ra ” sai ninna Si Tomas ndang porsea tu barita ni si Tigor ( fiksi do on da ).
“Ba, ida ma annon, hojot ma asa tabege pidong i marende ” ninna si Tigor on huhut dipahojot nasida tu tano lapang inganan ni Lomba kontes pidong se Taput dipatupa.
Sahat ma tutu nasida tu inganan ni pidong na malo marende i.
“Patoltol ma tanganmu parsiamun i, asa marende pidong i, ninna si Tigor ma mangajari si Tomas. ..bah pintor marende ma tutu pidong on : Luat Pahae, do huta hatubuanhu…
“Molo sihambirang ?”
“Ba subo ma atik na boha do”
Holan di patoltol si Tomas tangan na sihambirang, marende ma muse pidong i, alai endena : Pulau Samosir do, haroroanku Samosir do…
Margahargak si Tomas ala ni las ni roha na. “Boha do molo sahala dua hupatoltol akeh ?
“Subo Lae ma, ai au pe ndang huboto , alai ndang tanggung jawab au da manang na gabe aha di endehon” ninna si Tigor.
Pintor dipatoltol si Tomas on tanganna duansa.
Alai dijonggor pidong i ma si Tomas, sai hira namuruk :
“TUNG HO MA HUROHA JOLMA NA LUMOAK, AI PIGA HUROHA BABAKU DIBERENG MATAM”
Hahahaha.. disonggak pidong si Tomas
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Masuk ma sada kelinci tu toko mas : “Horas Lae, adong wortel ?”
“Ai boasa tuson ho mangalului wortel ces, toko mas do on” ninna par toko mas on huhut mengkel suping.
Mulak kelinci on, alai sogot nai diulakhon ibana lao tu toko mas i : “Adong wortel Lae ?”
Nga mulai songon na jut rohani par toko mas i : “Kan nga hudok nantoari toko mas do on, didia ma adong wortel di toko mas”..mulak ma muse kelinci on, alai sogot na i, tong dope diulakhon kelinci i ro : “Adong wortel Lae ?”
Nga tung palak hian be roha ni par toko mas i, : “sai ro jo ho tuson muse da, ingkon hutali ho, huseati hulinghuling mi pakke parang,
“Lao do ho manang ndang HE**NG”…..pintor mulak kelinci on maporusss
Dung tolu ari nari ro ma muse kelinci on, disunghun ma par toko mas i : “adong tali Lae ?”
“Dang adong, ninna par toko mas on heran.
“Parang ?”
“Bah, dang adong bah, tu aha parang di toko mas ?”
“Ai tu aha huroha i ?”
“Anggo songoni, “ADONG WORTEL LAE ??”
HAHAHAHA
          Thailand, long used to China’s carrots, now gets the stick        

http://m.todayonline.com/commentary/thailand-long-used-chinas-carrots-now-gets-stick


Thailand’s Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha praised China’s Belt and Road Initiative for its potential to enhance the Thai-Chinese strategic partnership. Photo: Reuters

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BY

PONGPHISOOT BUSBARAT

PUBLISHED: 4:00 AM, AUGUST 3, 2017

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is its new grand strategy. Chinese leaders have emphasised that the initiative is a win-win solution whose economic benefits will be shared across continents.

South-east Asia has become a major focus of this strategy because it constitutes a significant sea lane for China’s maritime trade.

Therefore, it is not a surprise that China first declared its nascent idea of reviving the maritime Silk Road in Indonesia during Premier Li Keqiang’s visit in October 2013.

Mainland South-east Asia also offers China alternative routes to seaports for its landlocked provinces. The sub-region is hence included in Beijing’s plan to develop transport links and industrial parks.

Thailand has realised that situating itself in China’s blueprint is economically beneficial.

Thai leaders have expressed their support for the BRI since it was launched. Thai Prime Minister General Prayuth Chan-ocha, for example, has lauded this initiative for its potential to enhance the Thai-Chinese strategic partnership.

However, General Prayuth was not among the heads of government attending the inaugural Belt and Road Initiative Summit on May 14 and 15 this year in Beijing; five Thai ministers attended instead. How can we interpret this event?

How are we to understand the current stage of Sino-Thai relations and South-east Asia’s general relations with China?

The Sino-Thai relationship has been cordial, marked by no major conflicts. Beijing’s endorsement of the 2014 military coup in Bangkok has even deepened ties, as the Thai military has since favoured China’s policy in many aspects.

Therefore, the recent lack of an invitation for Thailand’s premier to the BRI summit raised eyebrows.

The Thai Foreign Ministry explained that China did not extend an invitation to Gen Prayuth because Beijing had already invited him to another important event — the Ninth Brics Summit scheduled to be held in Xiamen next month.

In the broader context, in fact, the Thai Prime Minister was not alone; leaders from Brunei and Singapore were also excluded from the summit.

However, Thailand is an active player in continental South-east Asia and a long-term friend of China.

It is also within the Indochina Corridor — one of six major economic corridors in the BRI blueprint that links south-western China to Singapore.

It appears that the unresolved deal on the Sino-Thai high-speed railway project had become an irritation for Beijing and was the main reason for China not inviting the Thai leader to the summit.

This was confirmed to me by a Thai government official on May 25, who added: “There are a number of issues still unsettled, such as the bringing in of Chinese workers and others that contravene domestic laws and regulations.”

Why is the railway project in Thailand so important to China? In fact, Thailand and China had shared the idea of expanding the transport network between China and mainland South-east Asia since the early 1990s.

In 1993, the two countries developed a sub-regional framework called Quadrangle Economic Cooperation, which focused on this issue. However, the Asian Development Bank subsumed it under its broader Greater Mekong Sub-region framework because of Thailand’s economic difficulties in 1997.

The tangible outcome was the completion of the Western Sub-corridor route in 2010, linking Kunming to northern Thailand via Laos and Myanmar.

With that continuing idea, China’s focus has shifted from roads to railways. There is also a strong sentiment in Thailand in favour of upgrading the country’s outmoded infrastructure, and the expansion of the rail network has emerged as an option.

Therefore, BRI is not totally new but rather a more expansive and ambitious version of an older plan.

OPENING A PANDORA’S BOX IN SINO-THAI RELATIONS

Thailand and China have discussed the construction of a high-speed rail since 2010, when the Abhisit Vejjajiva government was in power.

The two countries signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to set up a joint venture company in which Thailand would hold a 51 per cent share.

Thailand agreed to allow China to utilise the land along the existing railway for 50 years. However, the agreement was aborted when Parliament was dissolved in 2011. The second attempt took place during the Yingluck Shinawatra government in 2012, which proposed four lines for the high-speed trains, stretching from Bangkok to the north, the north-east, the east, and the south.

Thailand invited China to invest in the north-eastern line, as it would connect to the China-Laos high-speed railway running from Kunming to Vientiane, opposite the Thai border.

The two countries signed MOUs in 2012 and 2013 for feasibility studies and the training of Thai personnel.

However, the project drew public criticism, especially from anti-government groups concerned with its cost and potential for corruption.

The Constitutional Court finally vetoed the project in early 2014, and the Yingluck government was ousted by a military coup later that year.

After the coup, the Prayuth government reviewed the project and sought to start construction in May last year to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Sino-Thai diplomatic relations.

Both signed another MOU in late December 2014 that would let China build a railroad from Nongkhai province to Bangkok and to Thailand’s Eastern Seaboard, covering a total distance of 867km, but running at speeds of only 180kmh.

Thailand agreed to take a Chinese loan, to be repaid in cash and in kind — in the latter case with agricultural products, especially rice and rubber.

However, the long process of negotiations opened a Pandora’s box for the Thai government. The initial problems were related to the shareholding structure and to the interest rate on the Chinese loan.

Thailand proposed that China hold a 70 per cent share in the project, but China insisted on a 60 per cent share unless it received the same benefits as in the case of the Chinese-Laos railway project.

In that case, China had received the rights to develop the land along the railway and adjacent to stations for 50 years. Also, Thailand proposed that China lower the interest from 2.5 per cent to 2 per cent.

Early last year, China finally agreed to offer a 2 per cent interest rate if the project was scaled down from a dual-track to a single track in the face of rising costs.

At the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation Summit from March 22 to 24 last year in Hainan province, the Thai and Chinese premiers surprisingly announced that Thailand would finance the entire project through domestic loans and that the speed would be 250kmh. China would only invest a 60 per cent share in work on the rail system and train operations, including the construction of bridges and tunnel excavation.

To put the exclusion of Gen Prayuth from the BRI Summit in May in the context of the long process of negotiation, one may be able to infer how China has been asserting pressure on the Thai government.

It was reported that the 17th meeting of the Sino-Thai joint committee on rail collaboration held on April 9 and 10 this year met with difficulties in coding construction materials from the Chinese coding system into the Thai system.

The Thai Transport Ministry accepted that it might take a long time to do so. Without that, the committee cannot set the medium price in the project’s terms of reference and check whether the materials needed are available in Thailand.

According to Thai law, such a joint venture cannot use foreign materials. However, the sentiment of the subsequent 18th meeting on May 24, nine days after the BRI Summit, turned positive.

The two parties nearly reached an agreement on outstanding issues. The Thai Transport Ministry will now submit the detailed project to the Thai Cabinet for approval and aims to start construction by this month.

Although details of the negotiations were not revealed, there was already a tendency for Thailand to accommodate China’s requests. In early June, a Thai deputy prime minister consulted the Councils of Engineers and Architects to resolve the technical issues and the use of Chinese personnel in Thailand. He proposed that the Prime Minister exercise his executive power under Section 44 in the interim Constitution.

On June 8, Gen Prayuth showed his irritation with the progress of the project during an address to the National Legislative Assembly: “I have lost my face so many times and we (Thailand)couldn’t conclude the deal. I will exercise my prerogative on this railway project. It must be started within this year.”

On June 15, the junta issued Decree No 30/2017 in the Royal Gazette to clear existing legal issues and allow the project to start.

The decree exempts Chinese engineers and architects from taking Thai professional licence exams and allows the use of up to 25 per cent Chinese materials.

The recent 19th meeting early last month concluded that the construction will start in October this year.

‘SHAME OFFENSIVE’: A NEW DIPLOMACY?

The hurdles in the Thai-Chinese railway project offer several lessons.

Chinese discontent suggests that Thailand is important to Beijing’s strategic planning in the BRI initiative. Certainly, the ultimate plan to link China with continental Southeast Asia would be impossible without progress in Thailand. Therefore, Thai policy makers may be able to utilise this advantage wisely to attract foreign investment to upgrade the country’s economy.

Second, Thai policy makers cannot take China for granted and need to update their understanding of China. A history of cordial ties matters, but so does distance in time and generations.

The new blood in Chinese leadership may not value the historical ties as much as its predecessors did. Hence, Beijing is less likely to compromise its national interest for the sake of maintaining a warm relationship with Bangkok.

Third, China’s diplomacy has been a charm offensive focused on carrots, but now it is more willing to use the stick. Beijing is not reluctant to adopt shaming and intimidation when its national interests are affected. It is apparent that the absence of the Thai leader from the BRI summit was directly linked to the delay of the high-speed railway project. It looks like minor diplomatic intimidation, but it allowed Beijing to send a message about its unhappiness with the current situation.

Furthermore, Beijing’s more assertive approach may also develop into a situation in which regional states need to choose sides. In the case of Southeast Asia, Beijing is now pressuring the region to favour China’s regional leadership. In Thailand’s case, the likelihood of Thai-American appeasement may also play a role besides the railway issue.

Before the BRI summit, United States President Donald Trump made a phone call to three South-east Asian leaders — those of the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand — with invitations to Washington.

While Philippine President Duterte was non-committal, the Thai government accepted the invitation and has enthusiastically arranged an official visit. Beijing is perhaps sending a signal that it is unsatisfied being treated only as a political cushion and secondary power on which Bangkok can fall back whenever its relations with Washington grow rough.

South-east Asia may need to realise that its attempt to engage with Beijing is not a one-way process. China is not only learning to cooperate through regional engagement. It also expects smaller neighbours to accommodate its rise and leadership.

China’s use of diplomatic pressure indicates that South-east Asia may face more difficulties in dealing with Beijing in the future.

While China’s power is growing, it may see the region’s old tactics such as silence, delays, indecisiveness, or enmeshing of multiple external powers as obstacles to its growing influence and interests in its own backyard.

Beijing putting more pressure on South-east Asia to choose policies that at least do not obstruct Chinese interests is a likely future scenario. However, this situation benefits neither China nor South-east Asia. China’s punitive approach, if sustained, will only leave a negative image of Beijing and deepen suspicion of its intentions in the region.

The mantra of peaceful rise and win-win cooperation may sound less and less convincing, and that could lead to repercussions that escalate tensions between China and Southeast Asia. However, the question is how South-east Asia can communicate this concern to Beijing and whether the latter will listen and re-evaluate its policy approach.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

Pongphisoot (Paul) Busbarat is Visiting Fellow at ISEAS-Yusof Ishak Institute. This is adapted from a longer piece that first appeared in ISEAS Perspective.

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          Contoh Makalah Mata Pelajaran Sejarah        
KATA PENGANTAR

Puji  syukur  kami  panjatkan  kehadirat  Allah  swt., karena  atas  limpahan  rahmat  dan  karunia – Nya lah  sehingga  kami  dapat  menyelesaikan  Makalah Sejarah  ini  sesuai  waktunya.
          Kami  mencoba  berusaha  menyusun  makalah  ini  sedemikian  rupa  dengan  harapan  dapat  membantu  pembaca  dalam  memahami  pelajaran  Sejarah yang  merupakan  judul  dari  Makalah  kami, yaitu  “ASEAN (Association  of  South  East  Asian  Nation)”. Disamping  itu, kami  berharap  bahwa   Makalah Sejarah  ini  dapat  dijadikan  bekal  pengetahuan  untuk  melangkah  ke  jenjang  pendidikan  yang  lebih  tinggi  lagi.

          Kami  menyadari  bahwa  didalam  pembuatan  Makalah Sejarah  ini  masih  ada  kekurangan  sehingga  kami  berharap  saran  dan  kritik  dari  pembaca  sekalian  khususnya  dari  guru  mata  pelajaran  PKn  agar  dapat  meningkatkan  mutu  dalam  penyajian  berikutnya.
          Akhir  kata  kami  ucapkan  terima  kasih.

                                                                                                                                Sukabumi, 05 oktober 2013

                                                                                                                                Penyusun












DAFTAR ISI 
HALAMAN  JUDUL
KATA  PENGANTAR…………………………………………………………………………………             i
DAFTAR  ISI………………………………………………………………………………………………          ii
BAB  I              PENDAHULUAN
  1. 1.      Latar  Belakang………………………………………………………………………..   
  2. 2.      Tujuan  Penulisan…………………………………………………………………….   
  3. 3.      Masalah…………………………………………………………………………………… 
BAB  II             PEMBAHASAN
  1. 1.      Latar  Belakang  Terbentuknya  ASEAN…………………………………..   
  2. 2.      Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN……………………………………………..
  3. 3.      Lambang  ASEAN……………………………………………………………………
  4. 4.      Tujuan  Dibentuknya  ASEAN………………………………………………….  
  5. 5.      Struktur  Organsisasi  ASEAN…………………………………………………. 
  6. 6.      Kerja  Sama  ASEAN……………………………………………………………….
  7. 7.      Keuntungan  Indonesia  dengan  Bergabung  Dalam  ASEAN…….   
BAB  III           PENUTUP
  1. 1.      Kesimpulan……………………………………………………………………………
  2. 2.      Saran……………………………………………………………………………………
DAFTAR  PUSTAKA ………………………………………………………………………………


 BAB I
PENDAHULUAN
  1. 1.             Latar  Belakang
           Adakalanya  tingkah  laku  binatang  menjadi  inspirasi  bagi  manusia. Bahkan, binatang  yang  kecil  sekalipun, seperti  semut. Suatu  waktu  kamu  pasti  pernah  melihat  sekelompok  semut  mampu  mengangkut  benda  yang  besar. Jika  hanya  seekor  semut  yang  mengangkut  benda  itu, pasti  tidak  kuat. Kejadian  itu  menjadi  contoh  bagi  orang, masyarakat, bahkan  negara. Inti  kejadian  tersebut  adalah  kegotongroyongan, kebersamaan, atau  menjalin  kerja  sama. Sebuah  negara  kecil  dapat  menjadi  kuat  bila  saling  bekerja  sama  dengan  negara-negara  kecil  lainnya. Contoh  yang  lebih  nyata  adalah  negara-negara  Asia  Tenggara.
           Karena  adanya  masalah  yang  terjadi  di  Asia  Tenggara, sehingga  negara-negara  yang  merupakan  anggota  Asia  Tenggara  bersatu  dan  membentuk  organisasi  yang  dinamakan  ASEAN  (Association  of  South  East  Asian  nation). ASEAN  merupakan  perhimpunan  bangsa-bangsa  di  Asia  Tenggara  yang  didirikan  pada  tanggal  8  Agustus  1967  di  Bangkok, Thailand, melalui  penandatanganan  Deklarasi  Bangkok  oleh  Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Filipina, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, dan  Singapura.
  1. 2.             Tujuan
          Tujuan  pembuatan  makalah  ini  adalah  untuk  memperluas  wawasan  kita  tentang  hal-hal  yang  dikaji  dalam  makalah  ini. Di  mana  dalam  makalah  ini telah  dikaji  tentang  salah  satu  organisasi  yang  beperan  dalam  meningkatkan  hubungan  internasional, yaitu  ASEAN  (Association  Of  South  East  Asian  Nation).

  1. 3             Masalah
          Adapun  masalah  yang  akan  dibahas  dalam  makalah  ini, yaitu :
  1. Bagaimana  latar  belakang  terbentuknya  ASEAN ?
  2. Negara-negara  manakah  yang  merupakan  anggota  ASEAN ?
  3. Jelaskan  tentang  Lambang  ASEAN !
  4. Jelaskan  tujuan  dibentuknya  ASEAN !
  5. Sebutkan  struktur  organisasi  ASEAN !
  6. Bagaimana  kerja  sama  ASEAN ?
  7. Apa  keuntungan  Indonesia  dengan  bergabung  dalam  ASEAN ?


      BAB II
PEMBAHASAN

1.      Latar  Belakang  Terbentuknya  ASEAN
        Negara-negara  yang  termasuk  dalam  wilayah  Asia  Tenggara  adalah  Indonesia, Malaysia, Filiphina, Myanmar, Singapura, Brunei  Darussalam, Thailand, Vietnam, Kampuchea, dan  Laos.
       Letak  Asia  Tenggara  sangat  strategis. Kekayaan  alamnya  sangat  melimpah. Ini  membuat  bangsa  lain  menjadi  iri  dan  ingin  menguasainya. Buktinya, sejak  abad  ke-15  bangsa  Eropa  sudah  mengacak-acak  Asia  Tenggara. Spanyol, Portugis, Inggris, Prancis, Amerika  Serikat, dan  Belanda  ke  Asia  Tenggara  tidak  hanya  ingin  berdagang. Penjajahan  bangsa  Inggris  atas  Malaysia, Singapura, Myanmar, dan  Indonesia; Penjajahan  bangsa  Spanyol  dan  Amerika  Serikat  atas  Filipina; penjajahan  bangsa  Belanda  atas  indonesia; penjajahan  bangsa  Prancis  atas  laos, Kampuchea, dan  Vietnam; serta  penjajahan  bangsa  Portugis  atau  Timor-Timur  adalah  contoh  nyata  betapa  besar  keinginan  bangsa  Eropa  dan  Amerika  menguasai  Asia  Tenggara.
       Negara-negara  yang  dijajah  tersebut  akhirnya  dapat  melepaskan  diri  dari  penjajahan. Mereka  merasa  senasib  dan  memiliki  banyak  persamaan. Persamaan-persamaan  tersebut  menimbulkan  perasaan  setia kawan. Akhirnya, ada  lima  negara  di  wilayah  Asia  Tenggara  sepakat  untuk  membentuk  sebuah  organisasi. Kelima  negara  tersebut  adalah  Indonesia, malaysia, Thailand, Singapura, dan  Filipina.
       Pada  tanggal  5-8  Agustus  1967  kelima  negara  tersebut  mengadakan  pertemuan  di  tepi  Pantai  Bangsaem, bangkok, Thailand. Pertemuan  tersebut  dihadiri  oleh  lima  orang  yang  merupakan  wakil  dari  lima  negara. Kelima  orang  tersebut  sebagai  berikut.
  1. Adam  Malik; Menteri  Presidium  Urusan  Politik/Menteri  Luar  Negeri  indonesia.
  2. Tun  Abdul  Razak; Wakil  Perdana  Menteri  Pembangunan  Malaysia.
  3. Thanat  khoman; Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Thailand.
  4. S. Rajaratnam; Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Singapura.
  5. Narciso  Ramos, Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Filipina.
       Pada  tanggal  8  Agustus  1967  di  Bangkok, Thailand  dan  melalui  penandatanganan  Deklarasi  Bangkok oleh  Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Filiphina, Indonesia,Thailand, Malaysia, dan  Singapura, maka  dibentuklah  sebuah  organisasi, yaitu  ASEAN  (Association  of  South  East  Asian  Nation).
2        Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN
        Mula-mula  anggota  ASEAN  hanya  lima  negara, yaitu  Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapura  dan  Filiphina. Pada  tanggal  7  Januari  1984, negara  Brunei  Darussalam  menjadi  anggota  keenam  ASEAN. Selanjutnya, pada  tanggal  28  Juli  1995, negara  Vietnam  menjadi  anggota  ketujuh  ASEAN. Negara  Laos  dan  Myanmar  menjadi  anggota  kedelapan  dan  kesembilan  ASEAN  pada  tanggal  23  Juli  1997. Kampuchea  tidak  mau  ketinggalan. Negara  ini  bergabung  menjadi  anggota  kesepuluh  ASEAN  pada  tanggal  16  Desember  1998.  Pada  saat  ini, kesepuluh  negara  di  Asia  Tenggara  itulah  yang  menjadi  anggota  ASEAN
3.        Lambang  ASEAN
        Seperti  halnya  orgaisasi  lainnya, ASEAN  juga  mempunyai  lambang. Adapun  lambang  ASEAN  yang  dilukiskan  atau  digambarkan  sebagai  berikut.
   
Penjelasan  mengenai  simbol  tersebut,  adalah :
  1. Lingkaran, mengandung  arti  kesatuan  ASEAN. Dalam  logo  ASEAN  terdapat  dua  buah  lingaran, yaitu  lingkaran  luar  dan  lingkaran  dalam. Lingkaran  luar  berwarna  biru  melambangkan  perdamaian  dan  stabilitas. Lingkaran  dalam  berwarna  putih  melambangkan  kesucian  dan  ketulusan.
  2. Batang  padi  berjumlah  sepuluh, melambangkan  jumlah  anggota  ASEAN. Warna  kuning  padi  tersebut  melambangkan  kemakmuran.
  3. Tulisan  ASEAN  dan  lingkaran  lambang  berwarna  biru, melambangkan  persahabatan.
  4. Warna  dasar  merah, melambangkan  keteguhan  dan  kedinamisan.
 Secara  keseluruhan lambang  ASEAN  menggambarkan  hal-hal  berikut.
  1. Solidaritas  dan  kesepakatan  ASEAN
  2. Keterikatan  dalam  kerja  sama  demi  kemakmuran  rakyat  negara-negara  ASEAN.
  3. Setia  pada  perdamaian  dan  stabilitas  kawasan  ASEAN  dan  dunia  umumnya.
 4.       tujuan  Dibentuknya  ASEAN
           Tujuan  pembentukan  ASEAN  tertuang  dalam  Piagam  ASEAN  yang  memuat  hal-hal  sebagai  berikut.
1)      Memelihara  dan  meningkatkan  perdamaian, keamanan, dan  stabilitas  serta  lebih    memperkuat  nilai-nilai  yang  berorientasi  pada  perdamaian  di  kawasan;
2)      Meningkatkan  ketahanan  kawasan  dengan  memajukan  kerja  sama  politik, keamanan, ekonomi, dan  sosial  budaya  yang  lebih  luas;
3)      Mempertahankan  Asia  Tenggara  sebagai  Kawasan  Bebas  Senjata  Nuklir  dan  bebas  dari  semua  jenis  senjata  pemusnah  massal  lainnya;
4)      Menjamin  bahwa  rakyat  dan Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN  hidup  damai  dengan  dunia  secara  keseluruhan  di  lingkungan  yang  adil, demokratis, dan  harmonis;
5)      Menciptakan  pasar  tunggal  dan  basis  produksi  yang  stabil, makmur, sangat  kompetitif, dan  terintegrasi  secara  ekonomis  melalui  fasilitasi  yang  efektif  untuk  perdagangan  dan  investasi, yang  di  dalamnya  terdapat  arus  lalu  lintas  barang, jasa-jasa  dan  investasi  yang  bebas; terfasilitasinya  pergerakan  pelaku  usaha, pekerja  profesional, pekerja  berbakat  dan  buruh; arus  modal  yang  lebih bebas;
6)      Mengurangi  kemiskinan  dan  mempersempit  kesenjangan  pembangunan  di  ASEAN  melalui  bantuan  dan  kerja  sama  timbal  balik;
7)      Memperkuat  demokrasi, meningkatkan  tata  kepemerintahan  yang  baik  dan  aturan  hukum, dan  memajukan  serta  melindungi  hak  asasi  manusia  dan  kebebasan-kebebasan  fundamental, dengan  memperhatikan  hak-hak  dan  kewajiban-kewajiban  dari  Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN;
8)      Menanggapi  secara  efektif, sesuai  dengan  prinsip  keamanan  menyeluruh, segala  bentuk  ancaman, kejahatan  lintas-negara  dan  tantangan  lintas  batas;
9)      Memajukan  pembangunan  berkelanjutan  untuk  menjamin  perlindungan  lingkungan  hidup  di  kawasan, sumber  daya  alam  yang  berkelanjutan, pelestarian  warisan  budaya, dan  kehidupan  rakyat  yang  berkualitas  tinggi;
10)      Mengembangkan  sumber  daya  manusia  melalui  kerja  sama  yang  lebih  erat  di  bidang  pendidikan  dan  pembelajaran  dan  sepanjang  hayat, serta  di  bidang  ilmu  pengetahuan  dan  teknologi, untuk  pemberdayaan  rakyat  ASEAN  dan  penguatan  Komunitas  ASEAN;
11)      Meningkatkan  kesejahteraan  dan  penghidupan  yang  layak  bagi  rakyat ASEAN  melalui  penyediaan  akses  yang  setara  terhadap  peluang  pembangunan  sumber  daya  manusia, kesejahteraan  sosial, dan  keadilan;
12)      Memperkuat  erja  sama  dalam  membangun  lingkungan  yang  aman  dan terjamin  bebas  dari   narkotika  dan  obat-obat  terlarang  bagi  rakyat  ASEAN;
13)      Memajukan  ASEAN  yang  berorientasi  kepada rakyat  yang  di  dalamnya  seluruh  lapisan  masyarakat  didorong  untuk  berpartisipasi  dalam, dan  memperoleh  manfaat  dari, proses  integrasi  dan  pembangunan  komunitas  ASEAN;
14)      Memajukan  identitas  ASEAN  dengan  meningkatkan  kesadaran  yang  lebih  tinggi  akan  keanekaragaman  budaya  dan  warisan  kawasan; dan
15)      Mempertahankan  sentralitas  dan  peran  proaktif  ASEAN  sebagai  kekuatan  penggerak  utama  dalam  hubungan  dan  kerja  samanya  dengan para  mitra  eksternal  dalam  arsitektur  kawasan  yang  terbuka, transparan, dan  inklusif.
Tujuan  ASEAN  tercantum  dalam  Deklarasi  bangkok, yaitu :
  1. Mempercepat  pertumbuhan  ekonomi, kemajuan  sosial, dan  perkembangan  kebudayaan  di  kawasan  Asia  Tenggara;
  2. Meningkatkan  perdamaian  dan  stabilitas  regional;
  3. Meningkatkan  kerja  sama  di  bidang  ekonomi, sosial, teknik, ilmu  pengetahuan, dan  administrasi;
  4. Meningkatkan  kerja  sama  di  bidang  pertanian, industri, perluasan  perdagangan, perbaikan  sarana  pengangkutan  dan  komunikasi, serta  peningkatan  taraf  hidup  rakyat;
  5. Memelihara  kerja  sama dengan  organisasi-organisasi  internasional  dan  regional  agar  semakin  mempererat  anggota  ASEAN;
           Secara  singkat  dapat  disebutkan  bahwa  maksud  dan  tujuan  didirikannya  ASEAN  adalah  untuk  meningkatkan  kerja  sama  di  bidang  ekonomi, sosial, budaya, dan  politik, serta  mewujudkan  ketertiban  dan  perdamaian  di  kawasan  Asia  Tenggara.
  5.     Struktur  Organsisasi  ASEAN
         Struktur  lembaga  dan  mekanisme  di  ASEAN, antara  lain  sebagai  berikut.
1)      Konferensi  Tingkat  Tinggi  (KTT)  ASEAN  sebagai  pengambil  keputusan  utama  yang  akan  memberikan  arah  kebijakan. KTT  diselenggarakan  minimal  2  kali  setahun. KTT  merupakan  pertemuan  tertinggi  dalam  ASEAN  yang  dihadiri  oleh  kepala  negara  ASEAN;
 2)       Dewan  Koordinasi  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Coordinating  Council)  yang  terdiri  dari  para  Menteri Luar  Negeri  ASEAN  dengan  tugas  mengkoordinasi  Dewan  Komunitas  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Community  Councils);
3)       Dewan  Komunitas  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Communiti  Councils)  dengan  ketiga  pilar  komunitas  ASEAN   yakni  Dewan  Komunitas  Politik-Keamanan  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Political-Security  Community  Council/APSCC), Dewan  Komunitas  Ekonomi  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Economic  Community  Council/AECC), dan  Dewan  Komunitas  Sosial-Budaya  (ASEAN  Socio-Cultural  Community  Council/ASCC);
4)       Badan-badan  Sektoral  Tingkat  Menteri  (ASEAN  Sectoral  Ministerial  Bodies).
5)      Komite  Wakil  Tetap  (Committee  of  Permanent  Representatives)  yang  terdiri  dari  wakil  tetap  negara  ASEAN, pada  tingkat  duta  besar  dan  berkedudukan  di  Jakarta.
6)        Sekretaris  Jenderal  ASEAN  yang  dibantu  oleh  4(empat)  orang  wakil  sekretaris  jenderal dan  sekretariat  ASEAN.
7)          Sekretariat  Nasional  ASEAN  yang  dipi
          Latar Belakang Berdirinya ASEAN        


SEJARAH BERDIRINYA ASEAN

ASEAN adalah kepanjangan dari Association of South East Asia Nations. ASEAN disebut juga sebagai Perbara yang merupakan singkatan dari Perhimpunan Bangsa-Bangsa Asia Tenggara. Gedung sekretarian ASEAN berada di Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia. ASEAN didirikan tanggal 8 Agustus 1967 di Bangkok. ASEAN diprakarsai oleh 5 menteri luar negeri dari wilayah Asia Tenggara, yaitu Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Filipina dan Singapura :


1. Perwakilan Indonesia : Adam Malik
2. Perwakilan Malaysia : Tun Abdul Razak
3. Perwakilan Thailand : Thanat Koman
4. Perwakilan Filipina : Narcisco Ramos
5. Perwakilan Singapura : S. Rajaratnam

Sedangkan terdapat negara-negara lain yang bergabung kemudian ke dalam ASEAN sehingga total menjadi 11 negara, yaitu :

1. Brunei Darussalam tangal 7 Januari 1984
2. Vietnam tangal 28 Juli 1995
3. Myanmar tangal 23 Juli 1997
4. Laos tangal 23 Juli 1997
5. Kamboja tangal 16 Desember 1998


Prinsip Utama ASEAN

Prinsip-prinsip utama ASEAN digariskan seperti berikut:
Menghormati kemerdekaan, kesamaan, integritas dan identitas nasional semua negara
Setiap negara memiliki hak untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan nasionalnya tanpa ada campur tangan dari luar
Penyelesaian perbedaan atau perdebatan antar negara dengan aman
Menolak penggunaan kekuatan dan kekerasan
Meningkatkan kerjasama yang efektif antara anggota

ASEAN dikukuhkan oleh lima negara pengasas; Indonesia, Malaysia, Filipina, Singapura dan Thailand di Bangkok Proses pembentukan ASEAN dibuat dalam sebuah penandatanganan perjanjian yang dikenal dengan nama “Deklarasi Bangkok”. Adapun yang bertanda tangan pada Deklarasi Bangkok tersebut adalah para menteri luar negeri saat itu, yaitu Bapak Adam Malik (Indonesia), Narciso R. Ramos (Filipina), Tun Abdul Razak (Malaysia), S. Rajaratnam (Singapura), dan Thanat Khoman (Thailand). Pada tanggal 8 Januari 1984, seminggu setelah mencapai kemerdekaannya, negara Brunei masuk menjadi anggota ASEAN. 11 tahun kemudian, tepatnya tanggal 28 Juli 1995. Laos dan Myanmar menjadi anggota dua tahun kemudianya, yaitu pada tanggal 23 Juli 1997. Walaupun Kamboja sudah menjadi anggota ASEAN bersama sama Myanmar dan Laos, Kamboja terpaksa menarik diri disebabkan masalah politik dalam negara tersebut. Namun, dua tahun kemudian Kamboja kembali masuk menjadi anggota ASEAN pada 30 April 1999.

LOGO ASEAN

Logo ASEAN membawa arti ASEAN yang stabil, aman, bersatu dan dinamik. Warna logo ada 4 yaitu biru, merah, putih dan kuning. Warna tersebut merupakan warna utama lambang negara-negara ASEAN. Warna biru melambangkan keamanan dan kestabilan. Merah bermaksud semangat dan dinamisme sedangkan putih menunjukkan ketulenan dan kuning melambangkan kemakmuran. Sepuluh tangkai padi melambangkan cita-cita pelopor pembentuk ASEAN di Asia Tenggara, yaitu bersatu dan bersahabat. Bulatan melambangkan kesatuan ASEAN.



TUJUAN DIBENTUKNYA PIAGAM ASEAN (ASEAN CHARTERED).

  Tahun 2007 bisa dikatakan bersejarah bagi ASEAN. Kawasan ini memiliki tampilan baru. Ada harapan ASEAN akan terstruktur dan tersistematis.

  Semua itu ditandai dengan ditandatanginya Piagam ASEAN (ASEAN Charter) sebagai kerangka “konstitusi bersama” ASEAN.

  Keberadaan sebuah piagam agar bisa lebih mengikat negara-negara anggota sebenarnya sudah cukup lama dikumandangkan di kalangan pemikir ASEAN. Akan tetapi, baru pada Konferensi Tingkat Tinggi (KTT) ASEAN tahun 2003 di Bali, keinginan ASEAN untuk memiliki sebuah piagam bersama itu mulai dikonkretkan.

  Ibarat sebuah perusahaan yang harus memiliki status hukum yang jelas, apakah itu perseroan terbatas (PT) atau perusahaan dagang (PD), ASEAN sebagai organisasi regional yang sudah berusia 40 tahun ini memang sudah seharusnya punya status hukum. Idealnya, dengan adanya status hukum itu, ASEAN lebih punya keleluasaan untuk bekerja sama dengan berbagai pihak, khususnya kalangan pebisnis. Dia (ASEAN) juga bisa memiliki aset, visi, dan misi, serta alat/perangkat untuk mewujudkan visi dan misinya tersebut.

  Piagam ASEAN memang tidak otomatis akan mengubah banyak hal di ASEAN. Malah, piagam itu sesungguhnya makin mengekalkan banyak kebiasaan lama. Misalnya, pengambilan keputusan di ASEAN tetap dengan cara konsensus dan KTT ASEAN menjadi tempat tertinggi untuk pengambilan keputusan jika konsensus tidak tercapai atau jika sengketa di antara anggota terjadi.

  Meski demikian, piagam tersebut hadir di saat yang pas, yaitu ketika kawasan Asia Tenggara ini terus berubah dan negara-negara ASEAN semakin memperluas cakupan kerja sama yang lebih kukuh ke Asia Timur (Jepang, Korea Selatan, dan China), Asia Tengah (India), serta ke selatan (Australia dan Selandia Baru). Juga, KTT Asia Timur yang diselenggarakan beriringan dengan KTT ASEAN.

Tujuan dibentuknya Piagam Asean adalah sebagai berikut

1. Permudah kerja sama

  Adanya Piagam ASEAN secara organisatoris akan membuat negara anggota ASEAN relatif akan lebih terikat kepada berbagai kesepakatan yang telah dibuat ASEAN. Secara teoretis, piagam itu akan semakin mempermudah kerja sama yang dibuat ASEAN dengan mitra-mitra dialognya.

  Jika pada masa lalu mitra ASEAN terkadang mengeluh bahwa kesepakatan yang telah dibuat dengan ASEAN ternyata hanya dilaksanakan dan dipatuhi oleh beberapa negara anggota ASEAN, kini kekhawatiran itu bisa dikurangi.

  Mekanisme kerja yang lebih jelas di ASEAN seperti tertuang dalam Piagam ASEAN itu juga akan mempermudah mitra-mitra atau calon-calon mitra yang ingin berurusan dengan ASEAN. Begitu pula bila di kemudian hari terjadi persengketaan, Piagam ASEAN telah membuat pengaturan umum untuk penyelesaian sengketa itu.

  Lebih penting lagi secara politis, ASEAN kini menegaskan dirinya sebagai organisasi yang menghormati serta bertekad untuk menjunjung tinggi hak asasi manusia (HAM) dan nilai-nilai demokrasi. Piagam meminta ASEAN menghargai HAM.

  Meski saat ini pelaksanaan kedua hal itu masih jauh dari ideal, setidaknya ASEAN sudah mengakui bahwa penghormatan atas HAM dan demokrasi sebagai nilai-nilai dasar, sama seperti umumnya negara maju. Dengan demikian, hambatan psikologis untuk bekerja sama dengan negara-negara ASEAN seperti sering terdengar selama ini dari beberapa negara maju, setidaknya sudah bisa dikurangi meski hambatan belum sepenuhnya bisa dihapuskan.

2. Tantangan internal

  Keberhasilan ASEAN melahirkan sebuah piagam bersama tidak otomatis bermakna ASEAN yang semakin solid. Tantangan terbesar justru berada di lingkungan internal ASEAN sendiri, khususnya bagaimana agar benar-benar bisa mengimplementasikan piagam itu sehingga ASEAN menjadi kekuatan yang menyatu dan tidak terpecah belah.

  Bagaimanapun, kehadiran Piagam ASEAN, yang di dalamnya mengharuskan para anggota mematuhi apa-apa yang sudah diputuskan bersama oleh ASEAN, akan menimbulkan ketidaknyamanan bagi beberapa pihak. Mereka ini sebenarnya menaruh keberatan atas keputusan bersama itu. Meski demikian, Piagam ASEAN memang telah didesain sedemikian rupa sehingga tidak terlalu keras terhadap para anggotanya yang belum bisa menaati kesepakatan-kesepakatan yang telah dibuat.

  Celah-celah untuk kompromi yang sering kali diistilahkan banyak kalangan sebagai cara ASEAN (the ASEAN way) masih banyak diakomodasi di dalam piagam tersebut. Di bidang ekonomi, misalnya, Piagam ASEAN menjamin hak negara-negara anggota untuk berpartisipasi secara fleksibel dalam pelaksanaan komitmen-komitmen ekonomi di ASEAN. Begitu pula dalam pelaksanaan prinsip-prinsip “politik” ASEAN, seperti khususnya demokrasi dan penghormatan dan jaminan atas hak-hak asasi manusia, asas yang fleksibel tetap dipertahankan.

  Satu hal penting dalam Piagam ASEAN yang memang sudah selayaknya dilakukan adalah menjadikan organisasi ini sebagai organisasi yang berorientasi pada rakyat atau bukan organisasi birokrat semata. Dengan demikian, dibuka bahkan didorong kesempatan lebih besar kepada warga masyarakat ASEAN untuk berinteraksi satu sama lain dengan lebih intens.

  Pergaulan rakyat ASEAN di kawasan regional dan internasional itu tentu akan berkontribusi positif kepada kerja sama ASEAN dengan mitra-mitranya di seluruh kawasan.

3. Langkah paling maju

Ada tiga rencana ASEAN yang dituliskan di piagam itu. Tiga hal itu adalah menginginkan lahirnya Komunitas Ekonomi ASEAN, Komunitas Keamanan ASEAN, dan Komunitas Sosial Budaya ASEAN.

  Jangan skeptis dulu dengan rencana pembentukan komunitas itu. Atau jangan melihat realitas sekarang jika ingin menilai prospek pembentukan tiga jenis komunitas itu. ASEAN bisa saja tidak terlihat berwibawa, melihat realitas sekarang, dengan mayoritas anggotanya punya masalah tersendiri yang tergolong berat. Beberapa di antaranya bahkan masih tergolong negara paria.

  Sesungguhnya, rencana pembentukan komunitas itu merupakan refleksi dari tajamnya visi para pemikir ASEAN. Piagam itu disusun para pakar atau figur terkenal di ASEAN. Wakil dari Indonesia adalah mantan Menteri Luar Negeri Ali Alatas.

  Mantan Menteri Luar Negeri Ali Alatas terkesan jengkel dengan analisis pengamat yang relatif selalu skeptis melihat ASEAN. “Mereka itu kadang genit, ya,” demikian kalimat lucu dari Ali Alatas mengomentari piagam yang disambut dingin oleh pengamat.

4. Piagam merefleksikan pandangan jauh ke depan.

  Bahkan, piagam secara tersirat akan membuat ASEAN malu jika tidak bisa memenuhinya di kemudian hari. Inilah sumbangsih para pemikir ASEAN. Ini merupakan bukti bahwa para pakar ASEAN tidak dungu, tetapi punya sudut pandang yang strategis menuju masa depan.

  Hal ini diperkuat lagi dengan rencana pemerintah ASEAN, yang pada November lalu, di Singapura, sudah menandatangani deklarasi pembentukan Komunitas Ekonomi ASEAN pada tahun 2015. Bahkan, pada tahun 2008 sudah ada langkah untuk mewujudkan komunitas ekonomi ini. Tujuan akhirnya adalah aliran barang, jasa, warga yang relatif lebih bebas di ASEAN.

  Ini strategis mengingat contoh empiris, negara kaya di dunia menjadi makmur karena mobilitas itu. Para teknokrat ekonomi dan para figur terkenal ASEAN sudah memberi contoh soal penyusunan langkah ke depan.

  Sekarang ini, eksekusinya ada di lingkungan pemerintah di ASEAN yang sarat problem, bahkan masih suka menyiksa rakyat.

  Apakah junta Myanmar tahu piagam, atau lebih percaya piagam ketimbang paranormal? Ini hanya contoh kecil. Tetapi sudahlah, semoga waktu akan mengubah perangai dan perilaku sebagian pemerintahan di ASEAN, yang juga masih sering sekadar berkomitmen dan tidak bertindak nyata. Setidaknya mereka masih mau menorehkan sejarah baru dengan menandatangani Piagam ASEAN dan juga cetak biru Komunitas Ekonomi ASEAN 2015

5. Strategis

  Piagam itu sendiri dinilai strategis karena akan menjadi landasan hukum yang menjamin integrasi politik, sosial, ekonomi, budaya, keamanan, demokratisasi, perlindungan hak asasi, dan pelestarian lingkungan.

  Pembuatan piagam merupakan terobosan penting dalam sejarah ASEAN, yang selama 40 tahun lebih bersifat peguyuban. Dalam menghadapi tantangan 40 tahun kedua, ASEAN memang membutuhkan pijakan hukum yang lebih jelas dalam membangun blok politik dan ekonomi.

                  
ENERGI TANPA BAHAN BAKAR
Saat ini masyarakat berlomba-lomba mencari energi alternatif atau energi pengganti bahan bakar minyak. Karena makin melambungnya harga minyak dalam dan luar negeri. Kebijakan pemerintah mengurangi subsidi bahan bakar minyak bahkan kalau bisa menghapus subsidi tersebut.
Sampai saat ini para pakar dan ilmuwan berusaha mengadakan penelitian adakah pengganti bahan bahar minyak, ada yang mencoba memakai bahan bakar air, dan ternyata hanya bohong.
Yang tidak terpikirkan para ilmuwan Indonesia menggunakan tenaga penggerak dari kekuatan medan magnet.
Di beberapa situs luar negeri telah banyak yang mengadakan percobaan menggunakan energi medan magnet.
Mulai untuk sepeda motor, mobil bahkan untuk pembangkit listrik. Memang, belum ditemukan magnet yang sangat kuat, sehingga masih memerlukan ukuran yang sangat besar.

          Laos        
none
          Â¿De Papa Noel o de Reyes? Afortunado tú si puedes elegir        

Recuerdo que en las navidades de mi niñez yo no entendía por qué se mezclaban los anuncios de los Reyes Magos diciendo que si habías sido bueno te traerían del Corte Ingles todo lo que quisieras mientras que en otros te pedían dinero para que los Reyes no dejaran sin regalo a los niños “del Ãfrica”.
Yo me pasaba todas las navidades intentando descubrir si es que el dinero de los juguetes de los niños del mundo se financiaba con dinero común y no había para todos (como pasa con todo lo común)…O es que el mundo era tan grande que hasta sus Majestades de Oriente aún siendo mágicos no sabían dónde quedaba Ãfrica. ¿Cómo no iban a saberlo?
Luego tampoco entendía por qué se olvidaban de entrar siempre en las casas de los mismos: en las de los pobres y en las de los países menos desarrollados. ¿…………?
Y tampoco me entraba en la cabeza como en una noche les daba tiempo a ir a todas y cada una de las casas y a la vez dejar regalos, comer rosquillas y beber anís. (Por eso no llegaban a Ãfrica, era evidente)
De lo único que estaba segura era de que entraban por Francia y luego se dividían en tres grupos para repartir los juguetes geográficamente de arriba abajo del siguiente modo: Gaspar la España de la derecha, Melchor la España del centro y Baltasar la España de la izquierda. Luego se encontraban en Algeciras y pasaban a Ceuta en ferry pero para entonces ya iban tan pimplaos con el anís que les daba igual ir pá África que volver pá Cuenca.
Esta idea del anís era la que más me convencía porque cuadraba perfectamente: las casas en las que había muchos regalos era porque se habían confundido y habían dejado los juguetes que no habían dejado en otras (que eran, insisto, las de los pobres)
También me parecía un trabajo enorme aquello de tener que leer todas las cartas y luego clasificar todos los juguetes de todos los niños del mundo según continentes, países, ciudades, pueblos, calles, casas, portales,  pisos y destinatarios…por eso siempre les perdonaba el que nunca me trajeran nada de lo que pedía. 

En fin, luego crecí, lo entendí y válgame Dios que me sentí más aliviada cuando todo tuvo coherencia. Pero entonces dejé de estar confundida para estar triste. Era menos doloroso que la culpa del caos juguetero la tuviera el anís y no que la tuviéramos nosotros mismos y nuestro eterno ansia del tener y el poseer y el ser más que el vecino…
Ahora que ya soy mayor y entiendo (aunque no comparto) por qué era necesario para el consumo que Papa Noel también se cruzara en nuestras vidas y conviviera con sus Majestades los Reyes,  me gustaría escribir en mi carta un solo deseo: Ojala este año todos los niños pudieran jugar con algo…y si fuera con juguetes mejor.
De antemano sé que mi petición no se va a cumplir. De antemano sé que muchos muchos niños no van a tener juguetes ni en Papa Noel ni en Reyes ni en nada. A no ser que los que podamos hagamos un acto (no de solidaridad sino de responsabilidad) y de los juguetes que compremos, uno vaya a parar a la casa de alguien que lo necesite más. Es tan fácil como no atiborrar a nuestros niños con cientos de juguetes (que acaban por no valorar) o no comprar el juguete más caro y más sofisticado que encontremos en el mercado (que igualmente acaban por no valorar). Esto de la compra responsable de juguetes daría para otro post (pero esto ya para otro día, que hoy el tema es otro).

Dicen los señores de la Confederación de Consumidores y Usuarios en su encuesta anual  que
“La compra de juguetes y la celebración de comidas familiares son los dos aspectos del consumo navideño que mejor parecen resistir la disminución de los presupuestos de los hogares para esta Navidad en la que, tres de cada cuatro españoles, gastará menos por la crisis”.
Y digo yo que si nos vamos a seguir gastando casi el mismo dinero en juguetes ¿por qué no hacemos un acto solidario y en este año tan duro compartimos con los demás algo de lo nuestro?
Para ponérselo a todo el mundo más fácil, mi escoba y yo hemos buscado lugares donde poder donar juguetes y hemos encontrado una página muy interesante que ofrece mucha información. Yo desde mi humilde blog te animo a que si puedes, tengas un pensamiento solidario y después hagas un acto responsable.
  http://www.canalsolidario.org/noticia/quiero-donar-juguetes-donde-y-como/28144
En fin, ha llegado la hora de despedirme no sin antes aprovechar la ocasión para desearos una feliz sociedad, que también acaba en  “dad”· como Navidad, pero no es lo mismo.
Ah!! os dejo también un vídeo muy chulo con un mensaje muy noble pero que de nuevo, promete lo que no puede cumplir...



También, como no, aparesieron las obligatorias servesonas



A vé si no la cago... disquierda a deressha, David, Jose, Antonio, Fernando y Jose Antonio



Michi, Eva, Antonio, La mega (qué vieja está...) y Carol

A partir de la comida, sha cada uno empesó su ritual de restirada, argunos se fueron ar hutte direstamente, otros serramos pistas heróiscamente, como corresponde. Ar final, nos juntamos tós en el hutte, donde nos visitaron una pareja de dioses nórdicos que nos deleitaron con unos bailes mitolósgicos ansestrales ejecutados a la persfessión por sus fornidos cuerpos.



A mí me dise tú que er Fernando con esa peluca é sueco de Goteborg de toa la vida y me lo creo, vamo que ar prinsipio cuando se pusieron a bailá hatta le pregunté a la Carol que quienes eran esos dos... La mirada de la Carol todavía no he encontrao palabras pa describirla... Hija, sha sabes que la mega é un despiste andante, que me cuetta trabajo acordarme de los nombre de la gente y ensima vas y me los disfrasas con pelucas, ¿y quieres que los reconozca? Vamos hombre, milagros a fástima...

Y hatta aquí las crósnica der primer día desqui.

¿Había disho que etto iba a sé más resumido que otros años?

¿Y sus lo habíais creido? Qué ingesnuos!!

Ea mushos besotennnns y hatta mañana u otro dia que tenga tiempo de seguir, taluegonnnn!
          Logiciel pour écran interactif Iolaos : le projecteur et le rideau (vidéo)        

Disponible sur l’ensemble des écrans tactiles Speechitouch, le logiciel pour écran interactif Iolaos regorge d’outils et de fonctionnalités simples et…

The post Logiciel pour écran interactif Iolaos : le projecteur et le rideau (vidéo) appeared first on Speechi.


          Bahasa Tubuh yang Harus Dihindari Saat Wawancara Kerja        
Wawancara kerja berguna tidak hanya untuk menilai kemampuan Anda, tapi juga perilaku. Banyak hal harus dipersiapkan agar momen yang menentukan ini berjalan lancar. Salah satunya, mengetahui bahasa tubuh yang sebaiknya dihindari.

Laos Bikini Bottom

Laos Bikini Bottom

Vix Laos bikini bottom, classic style pant in bright pink with black floral print. Sitting low on the hips with Vix logo on the back. Team with matching top for a chic beach look. Lycra blend Full pant style Vix logo on the back


          Laos Bikini Top        
Laos Bikini Top

Laos Bikini Top

Vix Laos bikini top, bandeau style with detachable halter neck strap. Floral print with ruched center  front and removable padding. Team with the matching pant and layer under a white kaftan for a fabulous holiday look. Lycra blend Clasp fastening at the back Removable padding  


          Commentaires sur Les clones d’atomiseurs, faut-il en parler ? par jpr        
bon courage pour ton toit, (je connais et compatis) ici c'est la mousson qui s’installe (je poste du nord est de la Thaïlande a 120 bornes de la frontière du laos (cote Vientiane) bonne vape, JP.
          CHP-162-Zhou Enlai Part 2        

In this second part of what's shaping up to be a long series, Laszlo picks up at the Zhongshan Gunboat Incident and follows the life of Zhou Enlai through the challenging years of 1926-1934.

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Huai'an 淮安   Located in Jiangsu, birthplace of Zhou Enlai

Shenyang   沈阳 City in Liaoning Province

Tianjin   天津 Major city east of Beijing

Zhongshan Jian Shijian   中山舰事件 The Zhongshan Gunboat Incident

Wu Peifu   吴佩孚 Zhili Clique warlord

Sun Chuanfang 孙传芳 The Nanking Warlord

Duan Qirui   段祺瑞 China statesman and Anhui Clique warlord

Feng Yuxiang   冯玉祥 The "Christian Warlord" of the Zhili Clique

Zhang Zuolin   张作霖 The Manchurian Warlord

Wang Jingwei   汪精卫 Early leader of the Republic China

Fuxing lu   复兴路 Road in Shanghai formerly known as Rue Lafayette

Kang Sheng   康生 Early CCP secret police chief and later "godfather" of the Cultural Revolution

Chen Duxiu   陈独秀   CCP Co-Founder

Wang Shouhua 汪寿华 a key CCP leader in Shanghai and Labor leader

Du Yuesheng 杜月笙 Shanghai "Green Gang" crime boss

Zhao Shu 赵舒 Led Chiang Kai-shek's 26th Army. Saved Zhou's life.

Wuhan   武汉 City in Hubei made up of Wuchang, Hankou and Hanyang

Li Dazhao   李大钊 CCP Co-Founder

Zhu De   朱德 Founder of the Red Army

He Long 贺龙 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Lin Biao   林彪   Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Ye Ting  叶挺 Red Army general from the early days of the revolution

Nanchang   南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province

Lu Xun   鲁迅 One of the greatest writers of his age

Mao Dun   real name 沈德鸿, great writer and former Minister of Culture

Qiushou Qiyi 秋收起义   Mao's Autumn Harvest Uprising

Nie Rongzhen   聂荣臻 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Chen Yi   陈毅   Great general, Shanghai mayor, Foreign Minister

Chaoshan   潮汕 Abbreviation for Chaozhou-Shantou

Chaozhou and Shantou 潮州和汕头 The twin cities of Chaozhou and Shantou in Guangdong

Xu Xiangqian 徐向前 Great Red Army general, one of the Ten Marshals

Jinggangshan   井冈山 The cradle of the revolution, where Mao went after the Autumn Harvest Uprising

Deng Yingchao   邓颖超   Wife and lifelong partner of Zhou Enlai

Xiang Zhongfa   向忠发 Early CCP leader appointed by the Comintern.

Li Lisan   李立三 Xiang's right hand who also played a leadership role

Song Qingling   宋庆龄   Madame Sun Yat-sen

Zhongyang Teke 中央特科 The CCP secret police (中国共产党中央特别行动科)

Gu Shunzhang   顾顺章 Early CCP leader and later betrayer

Wang Ming   王明 Comintern appointed CCP leader and head of the 28 Bolsheviks

Bo Gu  博古 One of the 28 Bolsheviks and right hand to Wang Ming

Ruijin   瑞金   City on Fujian-Jiangxi border

Dai Li 戴笠 Chiang Kai-shek's secret police chief

Peng Dehuai   彭德华 Great Red Army general

Futian Incident 富田事变 December 1930 incident where a mutinous battalian was put down

Ningdu   宁都 Site of a famous pre-Zunyi Conference CCP meeting

Li De   李徳 Chinese name of Comintern agent Otto Braun

Xiang Ying 项英 Early CCP organizer and leader in the New Fourth Army

Tan Zhenlin   谭震林 Great Red Army general

Qu Qiubai   瞿秋白 CCP leader, literary figure and martyr

Chen Jitang 陈济棠 A Hakka NRA general who turned on Chiang Kai-shek

The Xinhai Revolution   辛亥革命 The event that began with the Wuchang Uprising 10-10-1911

Xiang River   湘江 Largest river in Hunan and a major tributary of the Yangzi.

Guizhou   贵州 Western province in China

Liping   黎平 City in eastern Guizhou

Miao   苗族 In Vietnam they're known as the Hmong. General term for a diverse minority people in China (as well as Laos, Vietnam). Over 200,000 in the US.

Zunyi   遵义 City just north of Liping

 


          CHP-140-The History of Tea Part 1        

Laszlo is back with a new ten-part CHP series covering the history of tea from its mythical discovery clear through to the 20th century.  

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Sanhuang Wudi 三皇五帝 The Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors

Wang Xufeng  王旭烽  One of China’s great writers and Tea Ambassadors

Mao Dun Prize  茅盾将  China’s answer to the Booker or Pulitzer Prizer

Charen Sanbu Qu  茶人三部曲 Trilogies of the Teamen, written by Wang Xufeng

Wang Laoshi  王老师  Respectful salutation, “Teacher Wang”

Yipian Shuye de Gushi  一片树叶的故事   The Story of a Leaf

Yuantou 源头 fountainhead, source

Li Yuan  李渊 Tang founder Tang Gaozu

Li Shimin  李世民 Son of Li Yuan and co-founder of the dynasty

Emperor Xuan  宣帝 Han Emperor Xuan

Wang Bao   王褒 Western Han individual involved in a contract for a servant

Wuyang  武阳  City on the Jiangxi-Fujian border, home of an ancient tea market

Jiangxi   江西 Province in eastern China

Nanchang  南昌 Capital of Jiangxi Province

Cha  茶  Tea

Jia  槚 a former character for tea

Tu   荼  ancient name for tea

Chuan   荈  a former character for tea

She   蔎  a former character for tea                

Ming  茗  a former character for tea

Lu Yu  陆羽  The tea saint, writer of the Cha Jing

Cha Jing  茶经   The Classic of Tea

Cha Sheng  茶圣  The Tea Saint, Lu Yu

Shen Nong  神农  The Divine Farmer, Shennong

Wugu Xiandi  五谷先帝The Emperor of the Five Grains, another nickname of Shen Nong

Shen Nong Bencao Jing  神农本草经  Shen Nong’s Materia Medica or Herbal

Baicha   白茶  White tea or plain boiled water

Cha Lin  茶林  Village in Hunan where Shen Nong died

Zhangjiajie   张家界  Beautiful scenic area in northwest Hunan

Ren   人  person

Liang Shiqiu   梁实秋   One of China's greatest lexicograpers of the 20th century. His 新實用漢英辭典 was my first and favorite dictionary going back to 1979.

Kucai   苦菜  Bitter vegetable

Shijing   诗经  The Book of Songs

Liji  礼记  The Book of Rites

Fujian  福建  Fujian province

Guangdong    广东  Guangdong province

Guangzhou   广州  Guangzhou, a.k.a Canton

Xiamen  厦门   Xiamen in Fujian

Fuzhou   福州  Fuzhou or Foochow as it was once called

Quanzhou  泉州  Coastal port city in Fujian

Shuowen Jiezi  说文解字  Han Dynasty Dictionary 

Cun 村 Village

Chan Buddhism  禪  Zen Buddhism

Zhou Xin 紂辛  Di Xin, 帝辛, Infamous last king of the Shang Dynasty                 

Jiuchi Roulin   酒池肉林  The Wine Pool and Meat Forest.

Chengdu   成都  Capital of Sichuan

Gan Lu Cha  甘露茶  Sweet Dew Tea, the famous tea of Mengding Shan.

Wu Lizhen  吴里真 Buddhist Monk credited with the cultivation of tea on Mengding Shan.

Mengding Shan  蒙顶山 Mountain in Sichuan where tea cultivation began in China

Xian Cha   仙茶  The Tea of the Immortals, a.k.a. Gan Lu Tea from the seven original trees

Ya’an  雅安  City outside Chengdu famous for tea

Qionglai  邛崃   City outside Chengdu famous for tea

Sanguo Zhi  三国志  Record of the Three Kingdoms

Sun Hao  孙浩  Eastern Wu king known for his drunkeness

Wei Yao   Loyal official to Sun Hao

Sima Yan  司马炎   (also known as 晋武帝) Jin Dynasty founder

Jin  晋朝  The Jin Dynasty

Shang-Zhou-Han   商周汉  The three dynasties of Shang-Zhou Han

Luoyang  洛阳   One of China’s ancient capitals

Chang’an  长安  One of China’s ancient capitals  (present day Xian)

Qin Shihuang  秦始皇  Qin dynasty founder

Er Ya  尔雅  The first dictionary in China

Guangya   广雅  An updated version of the Er Ya

Longjing  龙井  Village outside Hangzhou famous for Longjing, Dragon Well tea

Shu Guo  蜀国  The kingdom of Shu, present day Sichuan

Sanxingdui  三星堆  Neolithic ruins discovered outside Chengdu

Ba Shu   巴蜀  Ancient state from the Shu Kingdom

Zhou King Wu    周武王  Brother of the Duke of Zhou, conquering king.


Hay dos partidos políticos en Huéscar, no voy a decir sus nombres de momento, por aquello de mantener un cierto suspense,  que acaban de hacer un llamamiento a la ciudadanía para que, a través de Internet, le ayude a elaborar sus respectivos programas electorales. A punto estoy de soltar un taco, pero vamos a dejarlo en ¡leñes! ¿Aspiran a gobernar el pueblo y no saben que necesidades tiene? Pues mal empiezan.

Otra cosa seria que dijeran “Estimada ciudadanía, vamos a gobernar juntos, vamos a elaborar el proyecto de carencias, necesidades y soluciones juntos, y si nos confiáis el gobierno, seguiremos juntos: toda decisión se resolverá en pleno municipal, en el que todos y todas ustedes tendrán la misma voz y voto que los representantes. Y para que conste, lo firmamos ante notario; en caso de incumplimiento, deberemos entregar las actas de concejales inmediatamente y sin excusas ni recursos de ningún tipo”. Pues entonces si participaría en el llamamiento.

Pero no enviando mi propuesta por Internet, no, sino asistiendo a las reuniones abiertas, participando en ellas, escuchando y hablando, proponiendo, alegando, apoyando, desestimando. Y en función de cómo transcurrieran esas reuniones y los acuerdos adoptados, por escrito y firmados, con una copia a cada asistente, finalmente, me convencería o no.

Pero eso de que quien pretende gobernar durante cuatro años, sin ninguna obligación de cumplir el programa electoral, sin obligación de rendir cuentas de ningún tipo, me pida ayuda para no tener que molestarse siquiera en elaborar un programa electoral aunque sea de mínimos, o de fantasía, pues va a ser que no. Es como el viejo dicho: puta y pagando la cama.

Que no, señores, que no. Tengan al menos la decencia de molestarse un poco en intentar convencerme de que ustedes van a ser los más capacitados, en lugar de utilizarme para que me auto convenza por mi misma. ¡Que resalaos que son, ¡¿pues no que han puesto en el programa de promesas que van a construir un centro de artesanías, justo lo que yo les sugerí?! Y como los demás partidos no lo han puesto, pues les voto a ellos ¿a quien si no?

A ese extremo de dejadez y falta de respeto están llegando. En las anteriores municipales, al menos, buscaban un cara a cara con las asociaciones, pero se ve que esta vez las asociaciones están muy solicitadas  por unos y por otros, todos los partidos políticos quieren que se les adhieran las asociaciones y las asociaciones ya no sabrán a cual atender, así que los partidos han tenido que dar un paso adelante: pues bueno, que la gente nos lo haga individualmente, cómodamente desde sus casas o sus lugares de trabajo, o desde cualquier sitio si lo hacen desde el móvil. Y no tenemos ni que vernos las caras.

Que nos envíen propuestas, dicen. y en función del interés que les merezca cada persona que la envía, y si se corresponde con una reivindicación algo generalizada, es decir que afecte aunque sea a media docena más de personas,  la seleccionan o no. Una vuelta de tuerca más, algo así como el examinado que pasa a autoproclamarse examinador y puntuante del examinador verdadero, el pueblo. Con un par y sin despeinarse. Y el tonto y la tonta, a votar. Cuando nos lo manden. Antes, chitón y agradecimiento por la deferencia que han tenido al invitarnos a hacerles el programa electoral.


          Komentar di BMW Bermotor Listrik Terbaru Siap Mengaspal oleh prediksi togel Jitu        
assalamualaikum wr, wb.MBAH saya:PAK.DEDI dan SEKELUARGA mengucapkan banyak2 terimakasih kepada MBAH GUNTUR atas angka togel yang di berikan "4D" alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 jebol dan berkat bantuan MBAH GUNTUR saya bisa melunasi semua hutang2 orang tua saya yang ada di BANK dan bukan hanya itu MBAH alhamdulillah sekarang saya sudah bisa bermodal sedikit untuk mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari2. itu semua berkat bantuan MBAH GUNTUR sekali lagi makasih banyak yah MBAH… yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya hubungi MBAH GUNTUR di nomor: (((_0853_2827_2384_))) dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....MBAH GUNTUR akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D_3D_4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: MBAH GUNTUR DI NO: (((_0853_2827_2384_))) angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Nicky Heyden Buka-bukaan Soal Ducati 848 Streetfighter oleh prediksi togel Jitu        
assalamualaikum wr, wb.MBAH saya:PAK.DEDI dan SEKELUARGA mengucapkan banyak2 terimakasih kepada MBAH GUNTUR atas angka togel yang di berikan "4D" alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 jebol dan berkat bantuan MBAH GUNTUR saya bisa melunasi semua hutang2 orang tua saya yang ada di BANK dan bukan hanya itu MBAH alhamdulillah sekarang saya sudah bisa bermodal sedikit untuk mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari2. itu semua berkat bantuan MBAH GUNTUR sekali lagi makasih banyak yah MBAH… yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya hubungi MBAH GUNTUR di nomor: (((_0853_2827_2384_))) dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....MBAH GUNTUR akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D_3D_4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: MBAH GUNTUR DI NO: (((_0853_2827_2384_))) angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Nicky Heyden Buka-bukaan Soal Ducati 848 Streetfighter oleh IBU DESHI        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 5030 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di no (((082-313-336-747))) insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus asah....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D 3D 4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082-313-336-747))) <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com/" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Rahasia Kemenangan Sapu Angin 4 di Malaysia oleh IBU DESHI        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 5030 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di no (((082-313-336-747))) insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus asah....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D 3D 4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082-313-336-747))) <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com/" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Kecewa Hasil Kualifikasi, Rossi Mungkin Kembali ke GP11 oleh paktaufik        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) ATAU <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di MotoGP Jerman : Pedrosa Pupus Ambisi Lorenzo oleh paktaufik        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) ATAU <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Hari yang Sempurna Buat Pedrosa oleh paktaufik        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) ATAU <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Bimasakti, Mobil Formula 1 Karya Mahasiwa UGM oleh paktaufik        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) ATAU <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Modal Rp45 Ribu Bawa Pulang Chevrolet Camaro oleh paktaufik        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) ATAU <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di BMW Bermotor Listrik Terbaru Siap Mengaspal oleh paktaufik        
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          Komentar di Nicky Heyden Buka-bukaan Soal Ducati 848 Streetfighter oleh paktaufik        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Komentar di Knalpot EPA ‘Yoshimura’ untuk Yamaha, Kawasaki, Suzuki. oleh paktaufik        
kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) ATAU <b><a href="http://angkaramalantogel.blogspot.com" rel="nofollow">KLIK DISINI</a></b> angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
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kami sekeluarga tak lupa mengucapkan puji syukur kepada ALLAH S,W,T dan terima kasih banyak kepada AKI atas nomor togel.nya yang AKI berikan 4 angka 9259 alhamdulillah ternyata itu benar2 tembus AKI. dan alhamdulillah sekarang saya bisa melunasi semua utan2 saya yang ada sama tetangga.dan juga BANK BRI dan bukan hanya itu AKI. insya allah saya akan coba untuk membuka usaha sendiri demi mencukupi kebutuhan keluarga saya sehari-hari itu semua berkat bantuan AKI.. sekali lagi makasih banyak ya AKI… bagi saudara yang suka main togel . yang ingin merubah nasib seperti saya silahkan hubungi AKI SOLEH,,di 0823 1333 6747,, insya allah anda bisa seperti saya…menang togel 275 juta, wassalam. dijamin 100% jebol saya sudah buktikan...sendiri.... Apakah anda termasuk dalam kategori di bawah ini !!!! 1"Dikejar-kejar hutang 2"Selaluh kalah dalam bermain togel 3"Barang berharga anda udah habis terjual Buat judi togel 4"Anda udah kemana-mana tapi tidak menghasilkan solusi yg tepat 5"Udah banyak Dukun togel yang kamu tempati minta angka jitunya tapi tidak ada satupun yang berhasil.. Solusi yang tepat jangan anda putus aza....AKI SOLEH akan membantu anda semua dengan Angka ritwal/GHOIB: butuh angka togel 2D3D4D SGP / HKG / MALAYSIA / TOTO MAGNUM / dijamin 100% jebol Apabila ada waktu silahkan Hub: AKI SOLEH DI NO: (((082313336747))) angka GHOIB: singapur 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB: hongkong 2D/3D/4D/ angka GHOIB; malaysia angka GHOIB; toto magnum 4D/5D/6D/ angka GHOIB; laos
          Laos        
none
          NASA sees Tropical Depression Rai over Thailand, Vietnam, Laos        

After Tropical Depression 19W moved ashore in central Vietnam NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the system and found some powerful thunderstorms over Thailand, Vietnam and Laos capable of dropping heavy rainfall.

read more


          Southeast Asian Leaders Earn Highest Job Approval in Asia        
Residents in most Asian countries surveyed in 2011 are more likely to approve of their leaders than disapprove. Laos' president earned one of the highest approval ratings (97%), while Pakistan's president earned the lowest (20%).
          Tajlandia – Chiang Mai        
Vientiane. Dzisiaj pisze Ruda:) Około południa przyjechaliśmy z Vang Vieng do stolicy Laosu. Nasz plan był prosty: zobaczyć najwięcej „must see” jak się da i wieczorem pojechać do Chiang Mai. Plan został wykonany w sporej części: było muzeum narodowe, najeżone antyamerykańską propagandą, był piękny wat w środku miasta, szybki obiad i w drogę. Do granicy […]
          Laos, cz.2        
Powiększoną, czteroosobową ekipą ruszyliśmy na zwiedzanie Luang Prabang. Miasto pełne jest świątyń, przy każdej rozstawiona jest ekipa sprzedająca bilety – niestety tylko pojedyncze świątynie okazywały się być warte swojej ceny. Czasem po wejściu więcej czasu spędzaliśmy na podziwianiu np. wielkiego owada albo gigantycznych, kolorowych motyli. W czasie naszego krążenia po mieście trochę zmieniło nam plany […]
          Laos, cz. 1        
Trochę za dużo już do tyłu z relacją jesteśmy, żeby rozpisywać się tak szczegółowo, jak dotychczas, więc nieco bardziej konkretnie będę pisał:) W drodze z Banlungu, 4 godziny czekaliśmy w Stung Treng na przesiadkę. Zabijając czas, wybraliśmy się na rynek, gdzie kupiliśmy Oli okulary LaCoste’y – za 3 dolce!;) Kolejny autobus (wsiadając do niego dowiadujemy […]
          Riparian stewardship at Dunroamin Ranch        


          Dictado        
 EL AGUA


El agua siempre se abre camino en el planeta de diferentes formas ofreciéndose un espectáculo para los sentidos. Es impresionante observar en todo su esplendor el glaciar Perito Moreno y cómo surgen los bloques de sal en el mar Muerto o como se forma las lagunas de Rock Island.
Aunque es muy abundante, el agua es un escasísimo tesoro y más de la mitad de la población mundial no tiene acceso al agua potable.

glaciar Perito Moreno.

Presento una d'aquelles elaboracions panarres que triomfen a la primera: està boníssima, és força saludable perquè no abusa de greixos i no és excessivament complicada de resoldre, al marge del format, que pot tenir algun inconvenient sobretot si es passa una mica de fermentació.



A més, és versàtil i si eliminem la mel i el sucre de la massa, podem fer el mateix però en versió salada (jo ja ho he provat i queda excel·lent també).

Ingredients:


- 15g de farina de nous (o nous esmicolades)
- 50g farina integral
- 225g farina força
- 3g sal
- 25g mantega
- 10g sucre moreno
- 15g mel
- 80g llet
- 1 ou (M)
- 10g llevat
Farcit:
- 20g avellanes
- 110g nous
- 40g panses
- 20g mantega
- 20g mel
- 20g sucre moreno
- Pessic de clau d'olor
- Pessic de nou moscada
Glassa:
- 2 parts de sucre per una d'aigua
- raig de suc de llimona

Elaboració:

Amassem tots els ingredients excepte l'ou i la mantega, que afegirem a poc a poc un cop el gluten s'hagi començat a desenvolupar (el greix en dificulta la formació). Si convé, hi afegim una mica més de llet. Cal que la massa estigui ben treballada, que es desenganxi bé del recipient on amassem, però que es noti lleugerament humida, més que no pas seca.


Fermentem en bloc durant 2 hores, fins que hagi doblat el volum.


Desgassifiquem i estirem amb l'ajuda del corró, en forma de rectangle, tan gran com la placa de forn comuna, aproximadament.


Un cop estirada, la farcim amb la barreja que farem de les nous, les panses, les avellanes, la mantega i la mel, que ens quedarà com una mena de pasta que haurem de distribuir per tota la superfície de la nostra massa de pa.


Com si fos un braç de gitano, enrotllem la massa pel costat ample. El posem sobre la safata de forn i el deixem reposar 10 minuts.





A continuació, tallem transversalment el braç, en dues meitats, que són les que haurem de trenar un cop unit un dels extrems. Convé tensar mínimament perquè ens aguanti la forma durant la segona fermentació (a mi se'm va desfigurar una mica la trena per no tensar prou i potser per fermentar massa).





Fermentem per segon cop fins que pràcticament dobli tamany (jo el vaig tenir gairebé tres hores, però és preferible no esperar tant perquè no se'ns sobrefermenti i per assegurar-nos que la trena no perdi la forma que li havíem donat).


Enfornem a 180º sense ventilador durant uns 27 minuts, fns que agafi un bon color i per tant estigui ben cuita la trena. Mentrestant, amb dues parts de sucre per una d'aigua i una mica de suc de llimona (perquè no solidifiqui un cop freda), fem la glassa: ho posem en un cassó al foc fins que bulli durant uns 5 minuts, fins que espessi una mica i sigui untable.




Quan surti del forn la trena i la glassa sigui tèbia o freda, pinzellem la nostra tena per donar-li una brillantor que la faci més atractiva.




I ja tenim esmorzar de campions per a dies...




Salut!

(Recepta basada en una de l'Iban Yarza)

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          The Face Of Evil: A Look At Ubisoft's Controversial Villain        

Ubisoft Montreal may have worked itself into a corner. With Far Cry 3, the studio created an unhinged murder named Vaas Montenegro. This pirate leader was, unpredictable yet so charismatic that fans loved hating him. How could Ubisoft Montreal possibly up the ante with Far Cry 4? Their answer is a man named Pagan Min.

Finding Inspiration
Creating a visual style for a villain isn’t easy, and Ubisoft agonized over the Pagan Min’s design. The developer wanted their main villain to be a confident character, but one who was also brash and prone to violent outbursts.

“We wanted someone who was a new generation of criminal who would piss off his father and had a bit of punk-rock mentality,” says Far Cry 4 narrative director Mark Thompson. “But we couldn’t latch onto the visuals. We had these Gaddafi-style concepts of a guy in ridiculous military garb who had given himself fake ribbons as prizes. It looked cool, but it wasn’t original.”

Ubisoft Montreal eventually honed in on characters like Beat Takeshi from Brother and Ichi from a Japanese movie called Ichi the Killer. Both of the characters from those films wore vibrant suits that helped them stand out from the crowd. This inspired Ubisoft Montreal’s concept artists to render Pagan in a bright pink suit.

“That visual really pushed the character forward,” says Thompson. “Because we realize that the story wasn’t as interesting as the visual, so that drove us to come up with a backstory that was more interesting.”

Back To the Drawing Board
The redrafted story became about a young man named Pagan Min. However, Pagan’s birth name is actually Gang Min. Born the son of a mid-level drug boss in Hong Kong, the Min family was well off, but not without its conflicts. Pagan’s mother was a British expatriate, and Pagan’s mixed heritage caused his father a great deal of shame among the criminal elite.

As Pagan grew up, he started to work for his father, but his father was always a small fish in a big pond and Pagan had bigger ambitions. Pagan saw his father – and his contemporaries – as relics of the past. They were dinosaurs, and it was time for a change.

“Pagan was a bit of an outsider to his father,” says Thompson. “He’s always been a bit of a peacock; slightly more flamboyant than his father was comfortable with. So after his father was killed, Pagan took the name Pagan Min – naming himself after the Burmese King who killed his father. That was Pagan’s message, he didn’t want to say that he killed his father, but he named himself after the man who did.”

Pagan took his family’s modest fortunes and built a small private army. But small armies don’t go unnoticed, especially within the Golden Triangle (one of the world’s largest regions of opium production located between Myanmar, Laos and Thailand). Pagan’s father had had a lot of powerful friend within the criminal underworld, and Pagan was turning them into a powerful enemies. Not long after Pagan made a grab for power, the “dinosaurs” put a price on his head.

Looking for sanctuary, Pagan sought refuge in a small failed state in the midst of a civil war. This country was Kyrat, and Pagan believed he could become the country’s savior. In 1987, as an arrogant 21-year-old, Pagan entered Kyrat and began a bloody siege that ended only after Pagan was firmly seated on the throne.

The young overlord’s new Royal Army corrupted existing business and infrastructure, and many of the profits from the heroin trade boosted Pagan’s coffers. Kyrat’s new monarch even planted his face on the money, and his official department of communications started blasting propaganda from radio towers scattered across the country. Kyrat became a fractured reflection of its narcissistic ruler.

Bringing Pagan to Life
In order to realistically portray such a sadistic yet colorful character, Ubisoft knew that they’d need a strong, charismatic actor. Ubisoft landed on veteran voice actor Troy Baker, who’s roles as Booker DeWitt in Bioshock Infinite, Joel in The Last of Us, and Delsin Rowe in Infamous: Second Son (as well as dozen’s of other characters) have made Baker a familiar voice in the industry.

“There was something arresting about his performance,” says Thompson. “We saw probably 100 to 200 video auditions beforehand, and up until that point we hadn’t seen anyone who had the confidence that Pagan Min needed. This is a man who wears a pink suit, takes over a country, installs himself as king, and says, ‘You’re all my subjects, you love me,’ The actors we saw up until that point didn’t have that. Troy Baker, right now, knows that he’s hot s---. He has an air of confidence. The room was silent when he auditioned.”

Challenging The Throne
Pagan may be powerful, but his power isn’t unchallenged. Early into Pagan’s leadership, a resistance movement led by a man named Mohan Ghale frustrated Pagan’s supremacy with tactful guerilla skirmishes. However, Mohan and Pagan weren’t just fighting for a country; they were fighting for the love of a woman named Ishwari. When this awkward love triangle ended with Mohan’s death, Ishwari fled the country, and Pagan retreated into his palace, leaving Kyrat to his lunatic governors.

This is where players enter into the story. As Mohan’s son – a man named Ajay Ghale – players return to Kyrat for the first time since they were a child in order to scatter their mother’s ashes across the top of Kyrat’s tallest mountain.

“Pagan has lots to reveal about your mother,” says Thompson. “Pagan has a personal connection to you that you don’t understand, and he uses that as a weapon against you. He’s fun and charming, but also terrifying – evil, but weirdly friendly. He can come talk to you very matter of factly while everyone around you is being murdered. Your whole world is falling apart, but for him it’s 11 o’clock on a Tuesday.”

This is the opponent players will have to face down as soon as they cross Kyrat’s borders. Pagan is a psychopathic mess who is terrified of dying alone without a legacy, so how will he treat the son of his one true love and his most hated rival? Players will have to wait until Far Cry 4 releases this fall to find out.

 

Don't forget to click on the banner below to assess our entire month's worth of Far Cry 4 content.


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ADA KELUHAN SILAHKAN HUBUNGI KAMI 

          Nama ilmiah Tanaman obat        
NAMA ILMIAH TANAMAN OBAT-OBATAN

  1. Kunir / Kunyit                         Curcuma Domestica Val
  2. Petai Cina                                 Leucaena Leucocephala
  3. Merica / Lada                          Piper Ningrum L
  4. Sirih                                          Piper Betle L
  5. Gambir                                     Uncaria Gambir Roxb
  6. Pinang                                       Areca Catechu Linn
  7. Jintan Hitam                            Nigella Sativa Linn
  8. Delima                                      Punica Granaticum Linn
  9. Nangka                                     Artacarpus Integra, Merr
  10. Kelapa                                       Cocos Nuc Fera Linn
  11. Salak                                         Salacca Edulis Reinw
  12. Pisang Batu / Biji / Klutuk      Musa Paradisiaca L
  13. Nanas                                        Ananas Comosus L Merr
  14. Aren                                           Arenga Pinnata, Merr
  15. Bawang Merah                         Allium Sativum Linn
  16. Pulosari                                      Alyxia Stellata
  17. Merica Hitam                            Piper Ningrum
  18. Jeruk Nipis                                CitrusAurantifolia, Swingle
  19. Jeruk Purut                               Citrus HystrixDC
  20. Kemangi                                    Ocimum Basillicum Ferrina Citratum
  21. Pandanwangi                            Pandanus Amaryllifolius, Roxb
  22. Jahe                                          Zingiber Officinale
  23. Laos                                           Alpinia Galanga Sw
  24. Kates                                         Carica Papaya Linn
  25. Beras                                         Oryza Sativa
  26. Kencur                                      Kaempferia Galangan
  27. Cemara                                     Casuarina Equisetifolia
  28. Pala                                           Myristica Fragrant Houtt
  29. Kucai                                         Allium Odorum
  30. Jarak                                         Ricinus Communis Linn
  31. Cabe Rawit / Lombok              Capsicum Frutescent
  32. Asam                                          Tamarindus Indica Linn
  33. Kumis Kucing / Remujung       Orthosiphon Grandiflorus
  34. Pegagan/Antanan/Kaki kuda   Centella Asiatica Urban
  35. Sembung                                    Blumea Balsafera DC
  36. Randu                                        Ceiba Pentanda, Gaertn
  37. Mengkudu / Pace                      Morinda Citrifolia, linn
  38. Ketumbar                                   Coriandrum Sativum, Linn
  39. Kemiri                                        Aleurites Molluccana, Wild
  40. Wijen                                          Sesamun Orientale, Linn
  41. Kunci / Temu Kunci                  Gastrochilus Panduratum, Ridl
  42. Jenitri                                         Elaeocarpus Ganitrus, Roxb
  43. Kayu Rapet                                 Parameria Barbata, Schum
  44. Kayu Timor / Pasolder               Grewia Salutaris
  45. Kuweni / Kweni                          Mangifera Odorata, Griff
  46. Temu Hitam / Ireng                   Curcuma Aeruginosa Roxb
  47. Seledri                                          Apium Graveoleas, Linn
  48. Sambiloto                                    Andrographis Paniculata, Nees
  49. Bratawali / Butrowali                 Tinospora Crispa
  50. Kemukus                                      Piper Cubeba, Linn
  51. Alang-alang                                 Imperata Spec Div
  52. Seruni                                          Chrysanthemum Indicum Hort
  53. Jambu Biji                                 Psidium Guajava L
  54. Ketepeng Cina                          Cassia Alata Linn
  55. Beluntas                                   Plucea Indica, Less
  56. Tapk Liman                              Elepantopus Scaber Linn
  57. Kedawung                                Parkia Biglobosa Bent
  58. Pepaya                                     Carica Papaya L
  59. Dringo                                      Acorus Calamus L
  60. Kunci / Pepet                            Kaempferia Angustifolia Roscoe
  61. Lempuyang                               Zingiber Aromaticum Vall
  62. Bangle                                        Zingiber Cassamunar Roxb
  63. Mesoyi                                        Cinnamomum Verum JS Presl
  64. Kembang Sepatu                      Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis L
  65. Daun Meniran                          Phylanthus Niruri
  66. Dadap Srep                               Erythrina Lithosperma Miq
  67. Temu Giring                             Curcuma Heyneana Val & V
  68. Secang                                       Caesalpinia Sappan L
  69. Kayu Manis                              CinnamomumBurraanni
  70. Jungrahab                                 Baeckeae Frutescens L
  71. Bambu Apus                             Gigantochloa Apus
  72. Pala                                            Myristica Fragrans Houtt
  73. Cabe                                           Piper Retrofractum Vahl
  74. Kenanga                                    Canangium Odoratum
  75. Tanjung                                     Mimusops Elengi L
  76. Lidah Buaya                              Aloe Vera
  77. Kemuning                                 Muraya Paniculata  ( L ) Jack

          Plain Dal | Parppu | Bari Bele Kattu        
This is a simple and easy basic dish. Iam posting this on request one of my blog readers. This dish makes all during festivals and good occassions. 






Cook Time : 8 Mins

Ingredients

  • Toor Dal  - 1 cup
  • Coconut grated / Thenga/Thenginaturi - 2 tbsp
  • Coriander leaves / Kothambri soppu - 2 tbsp (chopped)
  • Curry leaves / Karvapple /Karibehevu - 1 string
  • Green chillies/Pachmalka/Hasimensinakayi - 1or1/2 (chopped)
  • Mustards seeds / Kadag/ Sasive - 1/2 tsp
  • Split yellow moong dal/ Paithamparppu/Hesarubele - 1 tsp
  • Oil - 2 tsp
  • Salt to taste

Method

  1. Wash and cook the toor dal add enough water and place it in the pressure pan. Wait for 3 whitstle
  2. Remove and add salt , coconut, coriander leaves mix well
  3. In a pan heat oil add mustard seeds wait for splutter then add asafoetida/hing, curry leaves, green chillies and lastly add moong dal. 
  4. Stir fry till yellow moong dal turn golden in color.
  5. Pour into dal. Mix well and serve hot plain rice with ghee.










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          Arriving in Bangkok, Thailand        
Day 1 (Friday, 6 May 2016)

Originally, I had wanted to go to Zhangjiajie/ Wulingyuan National Park in Hunan Province, China to see the spectacular peaks depicted in the movie Avatar but the air fare for the period was much too expensive. My next choice was Luang Prabang in Laos, but after considering the added cost of flying from Vientiane to Luang Prabang and probably finding myself having too little to do there for five days, I had a change of heart.

The first trip I made to Bangkok was about 10 years ago in October 2006. At that time, I participated in a holiday trip organised by the Company. It was also through that experience that I learnt of the disadvantages of joining organised tours. Before going to Bangkok/ Pattaya then, I made plans to explore these two cities at night since they were free-and-easy nights for us. I was wrong. The tour guides would bring us to places to shop for leather products, honey, jewelry, snake oil, etc. in the middle of nowhere and therefore, extending the itineraries late into the evening and by the time we were done with dinners, it was time for bed.

This trip was to compensate for what I was not able to do then, that was to explore the city of Bangkok. For this trip, I was not interested in going to the tourist spots that I had visited on my first trip. Hence, the only activities I had for this trip was to visit Chatuchak Weekend Market, Chinatown/ Yaowarat Rd, do some shopping and eat.

Airasia's scheduled departure time was 1:35 p.m. Malaysia time. It did not depart as scheduled. By the time we arrived at Don Mueang Airport, it was 3:20 p.m., local time.


Arriving at DMK airport, I did not go for the local data SIM card as it was not a priority for me. I planned to get it from 7-11, which I read sell data SIM cards too. Anyway, when I scanned quickly around, I did not see any mobile providers at the arrival hall. Hence, I quickly left to look for A1 bus to get to town. I was already delayed by Airasia.

Instead of getting on the A1 bus, we were told by a bus official to take A2 bus to BTS Mo Chit Station. From there, I would take the Skytrain to BTS Siam Interchange station on the Sukhumvit Line before transferring to the Silom Line to BTS National Stadium which was my final destination.











The bus conductress announced that we had arrived at Mo Chit bus stop 30 minutes later. The A2 bus stopped next to MRT Chatuchak Park station. Two passengers who alighted before me went into the MRT station and returned almost immediately. I was not sure where the BTS Mo Chit Station was. I had tried to find on the internet the relative positions of A1 bus stop to BTS Mo Chit station while planning my trip but which I failed to obtain. Now, I was in trouble.

Fortunately, other passengers continued walking forward and I just followed them. It was then that I noticed a BTS logo ahead of me, between 20 - 30 meters away from MRT Chatuchak Park station.

It was actually very easy to find BTS Mo Chit Station. For the benefit of budget travellers, when you alight from the bus near MRT Chatuchak Park station, just walk forward in the same direction as the A1 or A2 buses. No turns, just straight forward. Ahead, you will see the overhead bridge across the road. That would be the overhead bridge to BTS Mo Chit station. Take the staircase to go to the BTS station.

Look at the relative positions of MRT station on the left and BTS station in front to estimate the distant





At the BTS Mo Chit station, I went to a ticket/ money counter to exchange a THB100 note to THB10 coins for the skytrain ticket. Buying the ticket from the ticket vending machine was relatively easy as I had watched Youtube videos on how to do it before coming to Bangkok.

My final station was BTS National Stadium on the Silom Line. However, BTS Mo Chit was on Sukhumvit Line. I needed to change train at CEN Siam Interchange. However, I did not know then that I could buy the ticket straight to BTS National Stadium from BTS Mo Chit station, having only to change train at CEN Siam Interchange. Instead, I bought my ticket here to CEN Siam Interchange station, exited from Siam Interchange station, bought another ticket there to BTS National Stadium station, which was a waste of time, effort and money. The prices of the tickets to both CEN Siam Interchange and to BTS National Stadium station were the same, both with the number "42" on the Fare Information notice.












I finally arrived at BTS National Stadium at 4:37 p.m., 80 minutes after arriving at DMK airport and 60 minutes after A2 bus left DMK airport. Lub D hostel where I booked a room for the night was just beside BTS National Stadium. Lub D hostel was recommended by a food blogger/ Youtuber, Mark Wiens.







Lub D hostel would be the most expensive hostel in the Asian region that I have stayed. I booked into Lub D simply because I could hardly find cheap hostels close to BTS National Stadium or other BTS stations on Agoda or Booking websites, except at Soi Kasem San 1. However, I was not sure of the quality of the hostels there.  My plan was to stay in Lub D for a night only and to look for an alternative hostel close to the BTS stations immediately after checking into Lub D on my arrival in Bangkok, starting from Soi Kasem San 2.

I went out at 5:07 p.m. to start my search for a hostel at the sois close to Lub D, i.e. Soi Kasem San 2 and 1. There was none at Soi Kasem San 2. Then, I went to Soi Kasem San 1. I found Reno Hotel and was allowed to see a room, which was much better than Lub D since for a similar price, it came with an attached bathroom. I told the reception that I would come back the following day.

As I continued looking around at Soi Kasem San 1, I saw White Lodge hostel, just a few steps away from Reno Hotel. I asked the female receptionist whether she has a room available for the following day, which she replied in the affirmative. As usual, I asked to have a look at the room which she said was on the upper floor. I did not see the staircase in the direction she pointed and when I returned and asked her where the staircase was, she was irritated and it showed in her voice. She was not at all helpful. Instead, she asked me to take a look at a similar room on the ground floor. It was a little old though clean. It was only THB600 per night and I decided to book for a night first, as I was not sure I would be happy with the condition of the actual room such as the air-conditioner and her attitude.

When I asked the unfriendly receptionist (or rather, as I learnt in the next three days, she was just relieving the actual male receptionist who was already off for the day) whether I should make a deposit to confirm my booking, she said it was not necessary and I could pay when I check in the following day. She did not even bother to reserve a room for me and did not enter my name into the hostel room reservation book.




This putrid smelling canal was the same Saen Saep Canal that connects to Platinum Fashion Mall
After having found a cheap hostel, I went for my very late lunch/ early dinner at the coffee shop at Pranee Building, which also served as one of the entrances to Soi Kasem San 1. While looking around to see what to order, I was given a menu but not every dish came with a picture. After flipping through the menu, and not liking any of the pictures, I asked for Pad Thai which I did not see in the menu (probably not written as Pad Thai but in English). I sat down at a table. No waiter/ waitress came to ask what I would like to drink. Instead, I have to walk to the front to the refrigerator when a woman was sitting beside it and got myself a bottle of soft drink. I wanted to pay for it but she gestured to me to pay later. The Pad Thai came later, but it was not that good.



After the early dinner, I walked eastwards to see how far CEN Siam Central Interchange was from BTS National Stadium station. While doing my itinerary for Bangkok, I had been thinking that I should just walk from Siam Interchange to BTS National Stadium station and vice-versa if it was too much hassle changing skytrain on the Sukhumvit and Silom lines at the interchange. Of course, I later found out that changing skytrain at Siam Interchange was a breeze. Anyway, the distant between W1 National Stadium station and CEN Siam Interchange was like KL's monorail Imbi station to Bukit Bintang station.


Siam Discovery, the building with white checkered pattern, was closed and under major renovation

I went to check out both Siam Center and Siam Paragon. At Siam Center, I found a shoe store but I could not find it again 2- 3 days later when I decided to buy sneakers for Ging and myself.

After hanging around at the square at Siam Paragon, I noticed vendors setting up their stalls on the street pavement. I decided to go down and checked what was in store for me from the first to the last stall.













          ANNALS OF THE NAME DISPUTE        
ANNALS OF THE NAME DISPUTE

NIKOLAOS MARTIS:
Documents of Ancient Greek, Hebrew and Roman writers.
Excerpts from the Old and New Testament and other sources.

          Early days for Laos’ civil society organizations        

For all but a few, it is early days for Laos’ civil society organizations. Numerous different non-profit organizations (NPOs) are spread over the country to support a wide range of development working areas. But while intentions are good, the capacity of the still young civil society organizations is often rather limited.

The Learning House for Development (LHD) is an organization that brings 40 independent Lao development organizations into contact with each other and reinforces them. This occurs in the Learning House itself, a building where besides housing the 11 staff members, meeting rooms and office spaces are primarily offered to small civil society groups which are just starting out. LHD also aims to spread knowledge within the non-profit sector.

Khouanfa Siriphone is the Communication and Outreach Officer for the Learning House for Development in Laos.

“Before 2010, civil society was extremely splintered in Laos; information was rarely shared. Everyone was just doing their own thing. Now there’s an independent organisation, with 11 people and its own, central office. Oxfam provides us with financial support, but also workshops for improving our impact among local organizations, help with measuring our results and writing reports, and training in financial management." Khouanfa Siriphone, Communication and Outreach Officer for the Learning House for Development. Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.

Oxfam supports LHD at an institutional and organizational level

In order to enhance the relevance of LHD as a civil-society network Oxfam supports LHD at an institutional and organizational level. We also work to position LHD as a leader in connecting development organisations with each other, with partners and with government organisations, as well as helping LHD to develop an information sharing system and to organize training sessions to familiarise LHD members with this system.

Workshop in the Learning House for Development. Laos

“In through or out the door, left or right corridors, up or down stairs; no matter which way you go, in the Learning House there is knowledge in the air. Financial management knowledge is transferred from one organization to another and experts share legal knowledge among all residents. There is an individual space called ‘nursery’ for each young civil society organization in which they can acquire the knowledge and skills to succeed in their own sectors. Khouanfa Siriphone, Communication and Outreach Officer for the Learning House for Development.” Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.

Volunteers from all corners of the world

Learning House for Development (LHD) also works with volunteers, from all corners of the world.

Suzie Fairley

"Here I get the chance to come into contact with a great deal of development work: capacity strengthening, financial management, HR, etc. I work 80% of my time here in the house, but also 20% of the time with our various member organisations. I help them write reports, support them with time management or simply lend a hand with the translations." Suzie Fairley volunteers as an Organizational Development Adviser at the Learning House for Development. Photo: Tineke D'haese/Oxfam.

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