Resistance at Standing Rock: Dispatches from the Front Lines        


  • Water Protector Legal Collective Files Suit for Excessive Force against Peaceful Protesters

  • Veterans to Serve as ‘Human Shields’ for Dakota Pipeline Protesters

  • Oceti Sakowin encampment on Oct. 6, 2016. The proper name for the people commonly known as the Sioux is Oceti Sakowin, (Och-et-eeshak-oh-win) meaning Seven Council Fires.

    Story and Photos by John Briggs

    Cool Justice Editor's Note: OK to repost, courtesy of John Briggs and The Cool Justice Report.

    Corporate – Government Alliance Versus the American People

    Native Americans from tribes across the country have gathered on the windswept plains of North Dakota to pray with Mother Earth to keep the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) from pumping 500,000 gallons of oil a day beneath the Missouri River. The natives know the pipeline will most certainly leak or break, as have most U.S. pipelines, fouling the water for the Great Sioux Nation and 18 million non-Natives downstream.

    The standoff -- which began in April -- continues as a new U.S. administration ascends to power with a president-elect who campaigned denying human-caused climate change and threatening the Paris Climate accords. This remains the overriding reality despite a mini walk back by Donald Trump pledging an open mind to The New York Times this week.

    Standing Rock illuminates the brazen alliance that has developed between corporate and government interests. Viewed from the front lines, the law has been turned into a fig leaf for repression and suppression. Only the discipline and spiritual clarity of the water protectors and the native elders has kept people from being killed or seriously injured since April when the movement began.

    The fused police-DAPL force is doing everything it can to incite a violent reaction from the resisters so as to crack down, clear the camps, imprison, or even gun down the natives. More than one commentator has found the atmosphere at Standing Rock similar to what led to the Wounded Knee massacre in 1890 when 300 Sioux were murdered by government troops who mistook their prayerful Ghost Dance for a war dance.

    A great deal is at issue at Standing Rock. The Sioux and their numerous native and non-native allies face a militarized force whose composition tells us something dark about the complex façade that U.S. democracy has become and suggests the proto-fascist zombi lurking beneath. More deeply, Standing Rock also emblemizes a struggle that is taking place at this moment in human history between two distinct modes of human consciousness.

    One mode is the familiar anthropocentric (human-centered) consciousness that the dominant culture most of us were born into favors—a consciousness that assumes reality is a collection of objects to be extracted, owned, and branded. Humans are the focus of this consciousness, meaning that our concerns about climate change focus primarily on the fate of our own species.

    Distinct from this anthropocentric mind-set is a second, ancient and spiritual mode of awareness that understands that the earth and its landscapes are not objects; they are relationships, including the tangle of relationships that gave us birth. This ancient mode of consciousness is potential in everyone, but for most it has been buried beneath the piles of conceptual objects that we have come to believe constitute our reality.

    The Indigenous Peoples gathered at Standing Rock are guided by this ancient, holistic, earth-mind consciousness, and so they understand that humans are not the most valuable living objects on the planet: we are not in control of the planet; it is not our job to manage nature; rather, our sacred task is to work with Mother Earth and other beings as members of Earth’s family. If we don’t, Mother Earth will make us face this spiritual truth one way or another.

    Guided by their ancient, earth-mind awareness, Native Americans have taken up a role as “water protectors.” “Mni Wiconi, Water is Life” is the slogan of the Standing Rock movement.

    Every day scores of Sioux from North Dakota, South Dakota and nearby states, along with Paiute, Shoshoni, Diné, and a sampling of other Natives from the 300 or so tribes whose flags fly at the Standing Rock encampments set out to pipeline construction sites in a convoy to engage in “actions” on the “front lines.”

    There the protectors sing and pray in the face of physical harassment and arrests by heavily armed police fused with a corporate security force.

    DAPL and their overlord company, Energy Transfer Partners, have lavished campaign contributions on politicians in North Dakota and the U.S. Congress so that they could use the state’s eminent domain powers to force purchase of land for the pipeline all across North Dakota, beginning in the Bakken fields in the northwest corner of the state where the fracked crude oil is extracted. Similar eminent domain arrangements were achieved in other states through which the 1,200-mile line traverses before reaching a river port in Illinois. The company promised Congress and the public that the pipeline would carry oil for 100 percent domestic use only, but it is clear from reporting done by the website The Intercept that the oil will be sold on international markets.

  • Though Promised for Domestic Use, Dakota Access Pipeline May Fuel Oil Exports

  • The DAPL line, now virtually complete except for permission from the Army Corps of Engineers to fill in the link that crosses under the Missouri River, passes just north of the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation and Cannon Ball, North Dakota. The DAPL construction runs through sacred burial and archeological grounds that the Lakota people were given free access to by treaties with the U.S. Government in the 19th Century. In mounting their resistance to the pipeline, the Standing Rock Sioux have been turned into “trespassers on their own land.”

    In late August, the tribe’s lawyers filed a stop work petition in federal court detailing areas where sacred sites would be disturbed if construction continued on its planned trajectory. The federal judge routinely forwarded a copy of the filing to DAPL. Over Labor Day weekend, when the company would not have been expected to work, pipeline crews leapfrogged to the disputed sacred and preemptively bulldozed them under. Too late, the judge granted the Sioux an emergency restraining order, but, then in a curious move, allowed construction in some areas where sacred sites have been discovered. DAPL has ignored a request from the Obama administration not to work in buffer areas on either side of the river. No fines have been imposed for intentionally bulldozing the disputed sacred sites.

  • The Legal Case for Blocking the Dakota Access Pipeline

  • Burial ground at center of police confrontations is known historical site

  • In recent live-stream videos from the front lines, DAPL-police snipers can be seen perched on top of a sacred mound called Turtle Island, their high-powered rifle crosshairs trained on the water protectors who are standing in prayer in the frigid lake below.

    North Dakota wants the federal government to pick up the tab for the massive expenditures required to keep the Native Americans under their guns. Alternatively, the CEO of Energy Transfers, Kelcy Warren, has offered to pick up the millions-of-dollars tab.

  • ETP CEO Kelcy Warren Says They Have Offered to Pay Protest Related Expenses

  • Native media have documented that DAPL has already been supplying military-style equipment, drones, armored vehicles, riot gear, water canons, concussion grenades and other armaments. The tax-payer-funded and corporate-sponsored front lines phalanx is led by the Morton County Sheriff’s Department, which has local jurisdiction, reinforced by North Dakota State Troopers, North Dakota National Guard units, sheriffs and police from six nearby states—all interpenetrated by DAPL security (while the FBI lurks in the background). A contingent of Hennepin County, Minnesota, Sheriffs’ Deputies were recalled following protests back home. Residents in the state of Ohio are writing letters and calling legislators to express their distress that their law enforcement has been enlisted into this repressive force.

  • Hennepin Co. sheriff's deputies leave Standing Rock protest

  • Native media’s live stream videos show DAPL security teams in mirror-visor helmets and black ops body armor with no identification, mingling with the police, sometimes directing them when and who to mace or pepper spray. They point out media making video for arrest. The big fossil fuel company evidently has plenty of experience dealing with protestors around the world. In their blank, reflecting visors we can see the soulless Darth Vader face of the government-corporate proto-fascist state the U.S. is becoming.

    Of course, this struggle with the Wasi’chu (Lakota word for the white man, meaning literally “takes too much”) is an old story for Native-Americans. In the 18th and 19th centuries it took the form of the Sioux nations trying to hold back the tsunami of colonizers flooding into their ancestral lands, occupying and despoiling them. The big difference now is that the fire-power of the state (think Custer’s 7th Cavalry or present day militarized police) has been fused with vast profit centers dependent for their existence on plundering the earth in the name of energy-squandering lifestyle survival.

    The provocations the water protectors endure take many forms. There is the psychological pressure of constant surveillance: the heavy police presence on the roads around tribal and reservation lands, the DPLA helicopter and a small plane that circle constantly above the encampments; there is the Bureau of Indian Affairs station set up on a knoll to suck out data from the cell phones of anyone in the area. There is the pepper spraying and tasing of water protectors who are praying. There is the more recent blasting of the protectors with freezing water canons in sub zero weather. There is the constant threat of weapons pointed at them. One twitching trigger finger could set off a slaughter.

    The water protectors are unarmed. The resistance movement does not allow guns in the encampments. One day, at one of the front line actions, an armed man showed up with a pistol and began firing. Possibly he was paid by DAPL to create an incident. The Natives are aware of paid provocateurs or agitators passing through the camps, pulling dirty tricks, looking to start something. Antimedia reported about the man with the gun: “According to an official statement from the tribe, the man fired several shots from his gun before being peacefully apprehended by tribal police. Witnesses at the scene say he pointed his gun at several protesters. The man was clearly trying to provoke violence that could later be used to demonize protesters who have so far remained peaceful.”

    The news site added, “The Morton County Sheriff’s Department circulated a false report claiming the man was shot, presumably by protesters… [As images show], the man was not harmed. The Sheriff’s Department has since retracted that report. Anti-Media’s attempts to obtain clarifying comments from Morton County Sheriffs were ignored.”

  • Dakota Access Caught Infiltrating Protests to Incite Violence, Funding Trolls Online

  • On a hill overlooking Oceti Sakowin, the largest of the Standing Rock encampments, an old army tent houses the field office of the rotating teams of lawyers who come to Standing Rock to help out. They use donations made to the resistance to bail out protectors who have been arrested; they try to negotiate with the police so the protectors can be allowed to pray. The constant arrests on trumped-up charges are an ongoing harassment—people maced or beaten, violently thrown to the ground and zip-tied. Often activists are charged with trespass and “riot” on the Morton County Sheriff’s novel legal theory that if several people are arrested for trespass that must signify that they were engaged in a riot.

    All this naturally requires court time and money to defend, incarceration in usually unpleasant conditions, including dog kennels. (Though the white allies who are arrested seem to get better treatment.)

    Arrests are to be expected as a consequence of civil disobedience. But some arrests are directed at chilling speech. One lawyer who came to Standing Rock from the Oregon-based Civil Liberties Defense Center, an activist defense nonprofit primarily involved in climate protests, told Jordan Chariton of The Young Turks Network that often after the day’s action was over, police would stop the last cars in the caravan. They would then make “snatch and grab” arrests, impounding the cars of people who had come to support the water protectors but had no expectation that they’d be arrested when the action was over and the police told them to leave. They have to pay heavy fines ($900) to get their cars back. She said the arrests and impoundment fines for their cars are unlawful. “The intention with those types of actions is to scare out-of-towners from being comfortable coming to these actions. So they’re trying to chill the rights of others to come and participate in these protests.”

  • Environmental Lawyer Explains Standing Rock Legal Issues

  • The authorities regularly characterize the natives as terrorists, and local radio spreads false rumors of farm animals being slaughtered and stolen, reported vandalism—the kind of thing you would expect from psychologically projected homesteader fears about savage Indians of earlier centuries.

    Yes, Magazine on Oct. 31 reported: “The county sheriff is claiming the water protectors were violent and that police were stopping a riot. But hours of live video feed from people caught in the confrontation showed instead a military-style assault on unarmed people: police beating people with batons, police with assault rifles, chemical mace, guns firing rubber bullets and beanbag rounds, tasers.”

  • Why Police From 7 Different States Invaded a Standing Rock Camp—and Other Questions

  • The UN has sent human rights observers. According to Salon, Nov. 16, 2016: “The U.N. special rapporteur said that American law enforcement officials, private security firms and the North Dakota National Guard have used unjustified force against protesters.

    “ ‘This is a troubling response to people who are taking action to protect natural resources and ancestral territory in the face of profit-seeking activity,’ [Maina] Kiai [U.N. special rapporteur] said in his statement, which was issued by the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights and was endorsed by several other U.N. experts.

  • Native Americans facing excessive force in North Dakota pipeline protests – UN expert

  • “At least 400 activists have been detained and often have been held in ‘inhuman and degrading conditions in detention,’ Kiai added. Some indigenous protesters have said they were treated like animals and even held in dog kennels.

  • Dakota pipeline protesters say they were detained in dog kennels; 268 arrested in week of police crackdown

  • “ ‘Marking people with numbers and detaining them in overcrowded cages, on the bare concrete floor, without being provided with medical care, amounts to inhuman and degrading treatment,’ the U.N. expert said.

    “ ‘The excessive use of State security apparatus to suppress protest against corporate activities that are alleged to violate human rights is wrong,’ he continued, noting that it violates U.N. guidelines on business and human rights.

    “Amnesty International USA, which has repeatedly criticized authorities for not respecting the rights of protesters, issued another statement on Tuesday noting that U.S. authorities had put up roadblocks to prevent journalists and human rights observers from documenting the protests and the official response.”

  • U.N. experts call for halt in Dakota Access pipeline, blast “excessive force” against protesters

  • Living on Earth reporter Sandy Tolan reflected: “You know, at times I felt I was back reporting in the West Bank, and not the Northern Plains…”

  • Standing With the Standing Rock Sioux

  • The Bundy crew was the cowboys, not the Indians

    Compare the government response at Standing Rock with the response occasioned by Ammon Bundy and his gang of armed militants when they occupied Oregon’s Malheur National Wildlife Refuge for over a month in January 2016. Imagine if the Bundy gang had been pepper sprayed, beaten, hit with water cannon, tased. But the Bundy crew were taking over the refuge to proclaim their belief that public lands should be given free to the profit-making private ranching business. In other words, the Bundy crew was the cowboys, not the Indians.

    The mainstream corporate media has largely ignored the stand-off at Standing Rock. Rallies have taken place around the world at places like Tokyo, Stockholm, and Auckland, but the sad truth is many foreigners have heard more about Standing Rock than Americans have. Not surprising. The news editors, working for corporate media conglomerates, choose what they believe we should know and what fits the larger corporate agenda, and so they devote massively more play to Brad Pitt, to the gossipy politics of who’s-on-first, and to whatever the latest glittering consumer thing is than they do to climate change and issues highlighted by the poor and the powerless, like Standing Rock. What coverage that does exist is usually cursory and misleading.

    Fortunately, alternative media have been on the scene and active at Standing Rock. As someone who taught journalism for more nearly 20 years, it has been refreshing for me to see what the alternative press is accomplishing.

    Amy Goodman of the webcast Democracy Now brought the prayer-resistance movement to national attention over the summer. She was arrested and charged with riot in absentia for her live reports of water protectors being set upon by dogs. The charge was later dismissed in court.

    Jordan Chariton of The Young Turks Network has done searching interviews and incisive commentary from the scene.

    But my absolute favorite news source at Standing Rock is Myron Dewey’s Digital Smoke Signals. Dewey does updates every day, which he posts on Facebook. I highly recommend anyone who has a Facebook account to “follow” him. I went to Standing Rock on Oct. 4-11 with two friends and I have since been able to keep up with developments on the ground through Dewey’s Facebook broadcasts. He posts live stream unedited clips that constitute what he calls an ongoing “documentation” of what is happening day-to-day at the movement.

    Here is Dewey at night standing on a hillside next to the Oceti Sakowin encampment. His face appears in the glow of his screen. Then he’s panning and zooming in on a large grassfire as he’s telling us about it. His finger appears in the screen and points out where the fire started. He says the helicopter which constantly circulates over the camp suddenly disappeared 20 minutes before they saw the first flames. He zooms to the area where he and the person he is with first spotted the fire. He says, “It looked like someone using a drip torch.” He says they called 911, but it’s been over an hour and the Morton County Fire Department hasn’t shown up. He tells the people in the camp, his audience, not to worry, though. It looks like the fire was started by DAPL employees to scare them or hurt them. But the Oceti Sakowin is full of Indians who supplement their income by wild-land firefighting, work that also benefits Mother Earth; he mentions that he is himself a “hotshot” firefighter [one of the elite crews]. He and his fellow firefighters can tell by the wind direction that the fire won’t harm the camp.

    Now here’s Dewey on a bright morning walking along the road by Oceti Sakowin. A young man appears on screen, and Dewey asks him who he is and why he’s here. He’s from the Paiute nation. “I’m here to protect the water,” he says. Dewey asks him to sing a Paiute song. The young man closes his eyes and sings.

    In another nighttime broadcast find we ourselves looking through a car windshield, headlights illuminating the highway, centerlines whizzing by. We hear voices talking in the backseat. The car drives on and on. We’re just watching the road. Then ahead is a police roadblock. The police van looms. Dewey gets out with his camera and calls over to the officers, asks them where they’re from, inquires about where the road blocks are, what are the open routes. At one level it’s a mundane exchange between a citizen and police, but you experience the edginess of the situation. More deeply, you feel the riskiness and pathos that is involved any human interaction. Dewey firmly exercises his right to have these protect-and-serve police respond to him civilly; he is cordial and respectful in a way that reinforces to them and to his viewers that he is after all not their enemy but a fellow human being. Dewey asks more questions and the lead officer says he doesn’t want to be filmed; Dewey offers to turn his camera away from them and onto himself. The distant officers disappear from the screen and Dewey’s face fills it. The contact officer walks nearer; we can hear his voice. Dewey can’t resist a joke, though. He asks the officer if he’s sure he doesn’t want to become famous by putting his face on Dewey’s screen? You realize these are just guys doing their job. Dewey understands that, but he also wants to educate them about the water protectors’ mission. He never misses an opportunity to educate his adversary, as well as his own people about the larger dimensions of the Standing Rock resistance. When he gets back in the car, someone in the back seat says “Let’s get out of here; this is enemy territory.” Dewey laughs, turning the car around, “It’s not enemy territory.”

    I believe you learn more about Standing Rock by watching Dewey’s unedited video than you ever could from watching any number of dramatically produced, commercially constricted reports on CNN, complete with the drumb-drumb latest crisis theme music.

    Dewey explains to his viewers that what they’re seeing is a “documentation” that’s not edited. “It’s not scripted. It’s not acted out.”

    After a month of watching Dewey’s daily reports I realize more fully than I ever have before how ghastly and vacuous mainstream news reporting is: a production where facts have been emptied of the humanity of real encounters, replaced by the shallow performances of reporters and news sources, slick, clichéd phrasing, behavior slotted into ready made categories, events analyzed and even predigested. The news about reality comes to us compartmentalized in trays like tasteless microwave dinners. Rarely is the reader or viewer allowed to simply experience the event unfolding through the reporter’s eyes or camera. The stories are crafted and slickly packaged. Their very polish and stimulating presentation sabotages their meaning and replaces it with a meaningless, artificial understanding.

    Note that I am not saying that the news these days is politically biased. Some obviously is, but the left or right bias charge is a serious red herring, a mis-direction. In fact, in mainstream media’s very effort to appear neutral and unbiased means events are chopped up and pieced together to fit the templates of a few hackneyed forms of storytelling: the winner-loser story, the conflict story, the individual overcoming obstacles story, the facing bad choices stories, he-said, she-said stories, scandal stories, hypocrisy stories. You’ve seen them all, repeatedly.

    Most of these templates come plated with a cynicism, skepticism, superiority, or sentimentality that grabs our attention by adding a dash of disgust. The current journalistic manner of telling stories reduces and dismisses the story in a way that sometimes makes the commercials and pop-up ads come as a relief. None of the common journalistic templates or attitude has much to do with real life as it’s lived in the moment. It’s not what people really experience in their lives. Instead, it’s how they’ve been conditioned to wrap up experience afterward in a dramatized way that leaches out the nuance, that leaves out the moment-to-moment uncertainty, or as the Lakota call it, the Wakan, the deep mystery of relationships that permeates every event. And that’s what Dewey’s broadcasts have in abundance. You get to see him interacting with the people who show up on his screen. You get to feel his humanity and the mystery of everyday relationships taking place at Standing Rock that he brings to light. It’s certainly not dramatic or melodramatic. It’s not interesting or stimulating in the usual way. It does seem really important.

    So when Dewey sits in his parked car and does an update video on “10 things to know about DAPL” (Nov. 18, 2016), there’s no editing and no script, meaning that you get to see him thinking through what those top 10 things might be. Some points he makes are incisive and comic, others not so much. But the not-so-much ones can lead you to thinking about gray areas, the imprecise observations we all make. He asks a guy who just got in the car to help out with his list and the guy, William Hawk Birdshead, goes immediately serious on him until Dewey says, “I was trying to keep it light.” So the Birdshead says, “Laughter is good medicine.” Suddenly they’re off. Dewey mimics the shifty-eyed look of the FBI guys lurking around the area and denying they are FBI, the DAPL security characters trying to look all steely and tough. We learn that in the encampments they say that “DAPL dresses up like Ninja Turtles.” You can tell that it’s DAPL undercover because those guys never drive rez cars, which are rusted and dented. Nobody is spared. Dewey describes the water protectors just arriving from California as dudes who’ve “got their animal spirits on… They’re all furred up. They’re coming in all mystical and crystals.” He and his buddy laugh, which Dewey says is laughter “in a good way,” because the whole thing going on at Standing Rock is deadly serious but you need laughter, because that’s good medicine for healing. And healing and praying are about “getting reconnected with the Earth.”

    This points to a major difference between anthropocentric prayer as most of us know it and earth-mind prayer. In the prayer that most people are familiar with, an individual seeks intercession for human needs with a transcendent being. The Native prayer is about healing not getting. The prayer is a community ceremony or song or ritual to maintain or restore the balance between and among beings, both animate and inanimate. Prayer is to all my relatives, all my relations, the birds, the water, the wind, the buffalo, my family, even those who oppose me as enemies. Mitakuye Oyasin is an important Lakota phrase that means “all my relations.” When you’re watching a Dewey update from Standing Rock you’re experiencing Mitakuye Oyasin in action. It’s newscasting as a kind of prayer, in the earth-mind sense. Whether he’s engaging in laughter or educating about the spiritual importance of water, you can see that what he’s getting at is healing relationships. Watching and listening, you get to be part of that healing.

    What Dewey does goes way beyond advocacy journalism.

    Our traveling companion for our visit to Standing Rock, Lakota elder Tiokasin Ghosthorse, also provides a good way to keep up with developments through the interviews he conducts for his weekly syndicated broadcast from WPKN in Bridgeport Conn. and WBAI in New York City. On Oct. 31, 2016, Tiokasin interviewed a young man who was seized on Oct. 27 when a frontline camp was destroyed by police. Trenton Joseph Castillas Bakeberg, in the bloodline of Crazy Horse, was praying in a sweat lodge when the militarized police swept through the camp. They yanked him out of the sweat lodge and arrested him. The young water protector told Tiokasin:

    “I pray that we’ll be able to keep a state of prayer and peace, as we have been… Although there’s some people on our side are more likely to tend toward violence. But there’s also people on our side to stop them. Don’t start a fight. That’s what it’s all about, keeping it peaceful because the elders told us in the beginning that all it takes is one single act of violence, one person attacking a police officer and they’ll unleash the fear on all of us. This wrath that we have with our military overseas, we’re beginning to see it now in the heart of our own country. All for the greed and the corporate interests of this government. They say we’re a democracy but it’s not showing anymore. The people didn’t want this pipeline, but this foreign entity that they call a corporation, Energy Transfers, is saying, we don’t care. We want this money. We need this for economic stability of the country and that somehow trumps the interests of our communities and our nation as a whole….We’re standing up to this corporate machine with prayer and love.”

  • Forcibly removed from prayer at Standing Rock

  • Against a heavily armed, corporatized democracy designed to ensure that only powerful business and political elites rule the land and possess the wealth of its objects, the Native-American people at Standing Rock stand in defense of Mother Earth armed with songs, prayers, and an understanding that Earth’s objects are us, and we are them. They are our relatives. It seems better armament than most of us Wasi’shu possess. Webster defines fascism as “a political system headed by a dictator in which the government controls business and labor and opposition is not permitted.” It’s an incendiary word, and readers might think ill of me for introducing it here. Certainly we are not a fascist state yet. But for the prayer-resistance at Standing Rock, the clear alliance between corporate and government interests to quell their opposition under color of the law has a fascist flavor.

    It should not surprise anyone that the new US president reportedly holds stocks that directly fund the Dakota Access Pipeline and that the DAPL CEO Kelcy Warren gave the Trump campaign a substantial donation.

  • Trump's Personal Investments Ride on Completion of Dakota Access Pipeline

  • This is how the proto-fascism works. Ironically (or perhaps absurdly), Trump may have been elected by people hoping he would somehow counter the tightening grip of multinational corporations on their lives. One might wish for that to happen.

    At a deep level, Standing Rock may suggest that such absurdities as a Trump presidency occur because our mode of consciousness is impaired or inadequate to the situation it has created on our planet at this historical time. Too many of us have gone dead to the natural world we come from. Our obsessive anthropocentric mode of consciousness has reduced nature and reality at large to a bunch of things we have names for—things that feed our greed. Fortunately, many Indigenous people have retained an acute and ancient consciousness that we are those rocks and trees and clouds, and birds and water that we see outside our windows, and that restoring our relationships with them is incumbent on us.

    John Briggs is emeritus distinguished Professor of Writing and Aesthetics from Western Connecticut State University. He was the English Department’s journalism coordinator for 18 years and was one of the founders of Western’s Department of Writing, Linguistics, and Creative Process. He is the author of several well-known books on chaos theory, fractals and creativity. He lives in the hilltown of Granville, Mass., where served as a Selectman for five years and as reserve police officer for 10 years.

    When people at Standing Rock talk about the black snake they mean the pipeline, referring to an old Sioux legend about a black snake that will threaten the end of the world. The Lakota prophet Black Elk said that in the seventh generation, the Sioux tribes would unite to save the world.

    Media covering the Standing Rock resistance movement:

  • Digital Smoke Signals

  • Myron Dewey, Facebook

  • The Antimedia

  • Democracy Now

  • The Intercept

  • The Guardian

  • Censored News

  • Unicorn Riot

  • Living on Earth

  • The Indigenous Environmental Network

  • Status of Standing Rock court claim

    El recaudador de impuestos. Pieter Brueghel
    Para una de las materias de la Universidad en la maestría en economía tuve que hacer un largo escrito presentando una investigación. Mi tesis o trabajo de maestría será sobre impuestos. Aunque inicialmente [en realidad inicialmente pensé en algo muy enredado y como los fractales de longitud infinita] pensé dedicarme a denunciar el aumento de la retención en la fuente a título de renta que se observa en series de tiempo, creo que tengo motivos suficientes para ampliarlo al impuesto de renta.

    ¿Por qué ampliar un poco el tema al impuesto como tal? a La razón es que a veces para los particulares y empresas la retención en la fuente es conveniente. Luego de haber escrito una larga disertación de su inconveniencia, una amiga contadora me dijo que había casos en los que era conveniente. Coincidencialmente, luego del comentario de mi amiga contadora como agente retenedor me pidieron dos personas en menos de una semana que no se acogían a beneficios legales que me permitían no retenerles sino que por el contrario me pedían que les retuviera. Esto tiene también su fundamento en el flujo de caja, el impuesto de renta afecta fuertemente el flujo de caja, la retención en la fuente puede diferir esa afectación al flujo de caja que es el impuesto de renta.

    En todo caso, sin perjuicio de los alcances que la investigación vaya a tener o a cambiar quisiera compartir unas pequeñas notas sobre por qué los impuestos tienden a subir –o a bajar-. ¿Qué hace que paguemos más impuestos en términos reales? ¿Por qué el estado promueve reformas tributarias? Básicamente porque necesita dinero. A continuación se mostrarán dos perspectivas, la histórica y la teoría económica sobre por qué aumentan los impuestos. Ambas coinciden a pesar de su diferencia en perspectiva.

    Aunque  se desconoce si existe algún marco teórico que presente hechos estilizados [hechos que se repiten al aumentar los impuestos] o hipótesis de las causas que influyen en el recaudo, hay un hecho central los impuestos surgen de la necesidad que tienen los estados de financiar el “gasto público”.  Esto puede observarse tanto desde la perspectiva histórica como desde la teoría económica.

    A mi modo de ver hay hechos estilizados están en un análisis histórico. Mil años antes de Cristo en el libro primero de Samuel se hace una advertencia vital: ¡Los reyes cuestan! (1 Samuel vs 11-18). Se tienen registros de impuestos alrededor de 3000 años antes de Cristo en la China (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008). En la antigua Grecia los impuestos se usaban para la guerra pero cuando esta terminaba se devolvían (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008). Quien fuese el tutor de uno de los más grandes tiranos de la historia, Aristóteles, tenía claro que los impuestos no pertenecían al que los recaudaba sino al “tesoro público” (ARISTÓTELES, pág. Volumen 8) y que eran objeto de reembolso (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008).

    En la Antigüedad parece entonces que los impuestos respondían a guerras y eran en general en cantidades pequeñas. El impuesto sobre las ventas del emperador Julio César era del 1% (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008). Los impuestos para financiar las guerras como el crecimiento imperial eran la mayor motivación para cobrarlos como sus aumentos. Por ejemplo, Pedro el Grande en Rusia gravó todo lo que pudo (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008) para sus ambiciones imperiales.  Por ejemplo en Inglaterra en 1914 el impuesto sobre el ingreso era del 6% y pasó al 30% al finalizar la primera Guerra Mundial en 1918  (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008).

    En la antigüedad eran muy pequeñas las cantidades que prácticamente no tenían efecto sobre la mayoría de los ciudadanos. Sin embargo, con el paso del tiempo las ideas de limitar los impuestos o inclusive negar su legitimidad han ido aumentando. Claro de la mano del crecimiento del estado. Tan es así que sorprende lo poco que importaban a los grandes filósofos estos temas con únicamente pequeñas alusiones al tema, siendo la Aristotélica mucho más racional y la platónica suelta una denuncia en uno de los apartados de la República. No es sino hasta la escolástica española que se hace un análisis jurídico-económico a los impuestos. La historia también ha mostrado ejemplos de límites y desobediencia a los impuestos. Francisco Suárez nos cuenta Carlos Parma sintetizó basado en las enseñanzas de Santo Tomás los límites de los impuestos. Según él estos debían ser para que fuesen justos (LAMAS):

    -          debe ser impuesta por la máxima autoridad legislativa;
    -          su finalidad debe ser conocida y justa
    -          y la proporción del tributo establecido por ella debe ser acorde con su finalidad, en el momento de su creación y durante la subsistencia del impuesto.

    Derivado de estos principios es que Juan de Mariana denuncia la mutación de la moneda –el aumento del flujo circulante de dinero- como un impuesto encubierto. Este método en la actualidad consiste en que el Banco Central [en Colombia Banco de la República] prenda la máquina de billetes a favor de los acreedores del estado. Esa mutación de la moneda es un robo, o viéndolo más “objetivamente” es un impuesto encubierto.

    Por otro lado, las cuestiones tributarias han sido motivo de movimientos políticos como la independencia de los Estados Unidos (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008).  También se cuenta que el pensador Norteamericano Henry David Thoureau autor de On the duty of civil disobedience fue encarcelado por no pagar un impuesto que financiaba una guerra que los Estados Unidos libraba con México (COY-FERRER, 1975, pág. 414). La oposición a los impuestos se encuentra de manera directa en las acciones de Thoureau, el filósofo Lysander Spooner (SPOONER, 1882)  al igual que el alemán Friedich Nietzsche (NIETZSCHE, pág. 68), consideran que no existe tal tesoro público sino que lo que “pertenece” al estado es robado.

    No presento las teorías que favorecen los impuestos por dos razones. La primera es que parecen estar implícitas en la mente de todos, como un lavado de cerebro muy bien hecho, así todos se quejen de ellos. Esta primera razón le explicará de entrada por qué le choca la cita Nietzscheana. La segunda razón es que más adelante sí hablaré de ellas.

    Desde la perspectiva de la teoría económica hay una coincidencia total con la perspectiva histórica. La ventaja de la insípida perspectiva económica es que nos permite decir la verdad, sin necesidad de que usen nuestras ideas para distorsionar la veracidad de nuestras afirmaciones. El aumento del gasto público como impuesto presente o futuro es lo que se conoce como la equivalencia ricardiana. ¿Qué nos explica la equivalencia ricardiana?

    “Esta dice que cualquier cambio en el timing de los impuestos —es decir, por ejemplo, bajar transitoriamente impuestos hoy, financiar con deuda y repagar- la en el futuro— no tiene efectos sobre la economía, en particular sobre las decisiones del público. De ahí que se pueda argumentar que, a partir de esta idea, la deuda pública no es riqueza agregada, ya que al final hay que pagarla, y lo que la restricción del gobierno nos dice es que este pago se hará con impuestos.” (DE GREGORIO, 2007, pág. 148)

     Uno de los conceptos claves frente al recaudo es el déficit fiscal. El déficit fiscal puede expresarse matemáticamente la siguiente manera:

    Si es negativo se considera superávit fiscal e implica que los gobiernos o estados están gastando menos de lo que les ingresa lo cual es positivo en términos de finanzas públicas. Hay diversas distinciones sobre los distintos niveles de déficit pero la noción es clara. Ahora bien, ¿Qué pasa si el estado para crecer gasta más de lo que recauda? ¡Tiene necesariamente que endeudarse! Ya vimos que lo que enseña la equivalencia ricardiana tarde que temprano tiene que pagarse con más impuestos. Esto nos permite inferir la restricción presupuestaria del gobierno [o sea que el gobierno no tiene dinero absoluto en el tiempo] a lo largo del tiempo así:

    Esto quiere decir que el valor actual de todos los gastos más el valor actual de la deuda deben ser financiadas completamente por el flujo proyectado de impuestos. El último término significa que la deuda al final de los periodos tiene que tender a cero o decrecer lo que nos permite reexpresar así:

    Esto quiere decir que el valor actual de todo el flujo de impuestos, menos el flujo de gastos debe ser igual al valor actual de la deuda. Esta restricción presupuestaria intertemporal es la que impide que haya un déficit elevado y que la deuda no crezca a una tasa mayor que los intereses. Por tal motivo, habrá un momento que para suplir la restricción presupuestaria del gobierno habrá que aumentar los impuestos o estaríamos violando la condición de solvencia.

    Mejor dicho, a los estados también los pueden enviar a “cobro jurídico” por no pagar, por eso a la larga tendrán que pagar sus deudas. Pero ¿cómo pagan las deudas que son el precio del “bien común”? O vendiendo bienes propios o aumentando los impuestos porque es la única fuente de ingresos.

    Hemos visto que históricamente los afanes expansionistas estatales generan como consecuencia directa o indirecta el aumento de los impuestos. Y Colombia está en un afán estatal expansionista. Desde esta perspectiva, el flujo de gastos del estado colombiano se espera que crezca en los próximos años las razones son entre otras las siguientes:

    -          Las indemnizaciones a las víctimas del conflicto, el Consejo de Estado maneja la tesis de la reparación integral bastante costosa.

    -          El estado social de derecho que significa estado de bienestar en términos económicos y consiste en que el estadovela por el denominado “mínimo vital” de los individuos.

    -          Esto implica que los gastos en salud, educación, recreación, entre muchos otros sean prestados por el estado.

    ¿Quién paga esos costos? Derivado de la tesis del “mínimo vital” pronto caeremos en un pasivo pensional elevado, subsidios al agro, al desempleo –y al empleo-, subsidios a los ricos y a los pobres [que paga la clase media] que el estado tendrá que pagar con dinero recaudado de más impuestos.

    Previamente no citamos las corrientes que fundamentan los impuestos. Este es el momento. Si usted cree en el estado social de derecho tendrá que afirmar que el pago de los impuestos es vital para el sostenimiento de labores estatales como el “gasto público social”. Que es vital una estructura impositiva para redistribuir los ingresos de las clases más favorecidas a las menos favorecidas y que eso es labor del estado. En la teoría eso suena hermoso pero en la práctica es más impuestos para todos.

    Como el estado depende de una gran burocracia y ya no solamente se paga la corte del rey [por aquello de los “frenos y contrapesos”] sino la de Presidencia, Fiscalía, Procuraduría, Defensoría del Pueblo, Banco de la República, Gobernaciones, Alcaldías, Superintendencias, Establecimientos Públicos, Comisiones de Regulación, la DIAN, altas Cortes, Congreso –con altos salarios- con su aparato administrativo y todos aquellos extraterrestres administrativos como le decía una profesora (que creía en el estado) que podrían crecer ad infinitum. ¿Cómo así que pueden crecer ad infinitum? Pues infinitas son las formas de corrupción luego para preverlas se necesitan infinitos entes que también pueden ser corruptas: ¡una bonita serie de crecimiento geométrico! Es claro, con la burocracia que el estadoes un ente redistributivo, toma el dinero de las clases medias para dárselo a las altas o sea congresistas, funcionarios públicos, entre otras. Efectivamente ¿quién paga los impuestos? A más impuestos ¿quién pagará más si nadie quiere pagarlos?

    Uno de los objetivos del trabajo de grado no le gustaba al asesor, pero fue propuesto por el asesor [estos académicos no se ponen de acuerdo]. El objetivo es el siguiente:

    “Denunciar el peligro político y jurídico de que la retención en la fuente crezca a un ritmo porcentual superior al del ingreso de familias y empresas.”

    En este objetivo soy claro, mis afanes académicos tienen que tener una finalidad que sirva a la gente, sino escribiré buena carreta. De alguna manera hay algo entre este objetivo y esto que son notas previas a la investigación que en términos académicos llaman “marco teórico”. Sin embargo, el objetivo no se sobrepone a la conclusión que es levemente distinta: para reducir impuestos se requiere reducir el estado. Y ¿por qué es bueno reducir el estado? Pregúntese ¿De qué le sirve el estado? Y ¿Cuánto le cuesta el estado? Y con un análisis práctico quizás sepa la respuesta.


    ARISTÓTELES. (s.f.). LA POLÍTICA (Vol. 8). La Editorial Virtual. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de

    COY-FERRER, J. (1975). THOUREAU, HENRY DAVID. En E. RIALP, GRAN ENCICLOPEDIA RIALP (Vol. 22, págs. 413-414). Madrid: Ediciones RIALP S.A.

    DE GREGORIO, J. (2007). MACROECONOMÍA. TEORÍA Y POLÍTICAS. Santiago de Chile: Pearson. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de

    LAMAS, F. A. (s.f.). CARLOS PARMA. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de Francisco Suarez y el impuesto injusto:

    NEW INTERNACIONALISM. (01 de 10 de 2008). NEW INTERNACIONALISM. Recuperado el 27 de 11 de 2013, de A short history of TAXATION:

    NIETZSCHE, F. W. (s.f.). ASÍ HABLÓ ZARATHUSTRA. España: Euroliber S.A.

    SPOONER, L. (1882). NATURAL LAW OR THE SCIENCE OF JUSTICE. Boston. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de


              HUELLA FRACTAL: una abstracción fotográfica.        
    HUELLA FRACTAL by ElAlispruz
    HUELLA FRACTAL, a photo by ElAlispruz on Flickr.

    Una huella es una abstracción de algo que pasa. Tal vez la definición o frase anterior suena demasiado aristotélico-aburrida, pero no ando poeta como para decirlo. Para ello me copio de Antonio Machado quizás mi poema favorito (bueno San Juan de la Cruz le gana pero este es más "pertinente") :

    Todo pasa y todo queda,
    pero lo nuestro es pasar,
    pasar haciendo caminos,
    caminos sobre el mar.

    Nunca perseguí la gloria,
    ni dejar en la memoria
    de los hombres mi canción;
    yo amo los mundos sutiles,
    ingrávidos y gentiles,
    como pompas de jabón.

    Me gusta verlos pintarse
    de sol y grana, volar
    bajo el cielo azul, temblar
    súbitamente y quebrarse...

    Nunca perseguí la gloria.

    Caminante, son tus huellas
    el camino y nada más;
    caminante, no hay camino,
    se hace camino al andar.

    Al andar se hace camino
    y al volver la vista atrás
    se ve la senda que nunca
    se ha de volver a pisar.

    Caminante no hay camino
    sino estelas en la mar...

    Hace algún tiempo en ese lugar
    donde hoy los bosques se visten de espinos
    se oyó la voz de un poeta gritar
    "Caminante no hay camino,
    se hace camino al andar..."

    Golpe a golpe, verso a verso...

    Murió el poeta lejos del hogar.
    Le cubre el polvo de un país vecino.
    Al alejarse le vieron llorar.
    "Caminante no hay camino,
    se hace camino al andar..."

    Golpe a golpe, verso a verso...

    Cuando el jilguero no puede cantar.
    Cuando el poeta es un peregrino,
    cuando de nada nos sirve rezar.
    "Caminante no hay camino,
    se hace camino al andar..."

    Golpe a golpe, verso a verso.

    La naturaleza del movimiento es fluir. Los flujos son básicamente transformaciones de energía o materia. Esos cambios quizás por lo que en física se llama conservación del momento, hecho que permitió a Einstein desarrollar su teoría de la relatividad especial con su famosa ecuación E=mc^2 (dato erudito inútil para la lectura). Si algo cambia algo es influido por ese cambio, ese cambio a su vez influye en la realidad de otra manera. Esos cambios se retroalimentan de alguna manera el flujo vuelve sobre sí mismo.

    Las retroalimentaciones también dejan sus huellas pero no precisas, lineales, sino imprecisas, fractales. Lo que deja de paso el flujo es un fractal. ¿Qué es un fractal? Apenas he empezado a leer "The fractal geometry of nature" de Benoit Mandelbrot y daría unas definiciones inútiles -para el objeto de este escrito- sobre la dimensión fractal. La dimensión fractal es interesantísima pero ¿define eso el fractal? 

    Pues para no perder todo el denso intento de comprender la dimensión fractal, podríamos decir que un fractal es un camino finito lleno de infinitas huellas que son infinitamente pequeñas. Lo "infinitamente pequeño" tal vez no sea lo más correcto pero es lo más cercano a la intuición que decir como profesor de matemáticas:

    "El límite de la huella tiende a cero". Para que el lector no se pierda entienda infinito como la siguiente paradoja: es una cantidad incontable de tanto contar. Como uno habla de lo que tiene en mente esa definición es incompleta en los descubrimientos del infinito de Cantor, pero no me meteré con eso. O sea el infinito es aún más complejo que la cantidad incontable que se genera de tanto contar. 

    Las influencias y retroalimentaciones que generan huellas infinitas infinitamente pequeñas de la realidad obedecen a la multicausalidad que ya describía Tomás de Aquino que producía incertidumbre y que Nietzsche resumía en que las cosas preferían "danzar" al son del azar. Los flujos se mueven entre las múltiples causas, velocidad, temperatura -que es velocidad-, masa, gravedad -influencia de otros cuerpos-, todo energía en últimas y esto a nivel atómico (creo que a nivel de partículas subatómicas pero hasta allá no entiendo). Cada átomo se influye de manera diferente así el flujo tenga una dirección. Cada átomo genera una influencia pequeñísima. Es lo que el meteorólogo Edward Lorenz denominó "efecto mariposa" al fracasar en sus predicciones climáticas. ¿Qué pasa si muchísimas influencias pequeñísimas se unen en una dirección o en otra? 

    A todas estas ¿qué tiene que ver toda esta carreta con la imagen? Lo primero que hay que decir es que la imagen es realmente la foto de un flujo editada. Es el flujo de agua que sale de una manguera. La escena es de lo más cotidiano, pero ¿por qué es tan extraña la imagen? En primer lugar, la foto se tomó con una elevada velocidad de obturador. La máxima que me permite la cámara. Eso permite capturar el movimiento del agua de la forma más cercana a cero, o sea capturar el instante como dicen los fotógrafos "congelado". 

    Sin embargo las imágenes que tomé no me gustan todavía. Así que empecé a experimentar con la edición en Picasa. No es edición avanzada. Aleatoriamente buscaba las formas más llamativas hasta que recorté esta que es un "fragmento" de algo que logré. Adicionalmente este fragmento fue editado para lo que usted ve. 

    No sé si es bonita o fea, a mí me gusta porque teniendo forma es amorfa, porque tiene pequeños puntos que me indican la fractalidad de la imagen. Puntos que son bastante llamativos y que tanto el lente, el simulador de imagen de la cámara y los algoritmos de edición se unieron para mostrar esta imagen.

    No sobra decir que el flujo más claro es el agua que fluía. Pero ¿por qué puntos oscuros y otros más claros? Eso indica que aunque la dirección del agua es clara algunos puntos eran más densos que otros. Otros dejaban espacios, inclusive se observan grupos de gotas -lo digo porque conozco la imagen- que están por fuera de lo que pareciera el flujo principal que ¿es determinable? ¡No lo es! Si intentara medir el flujo principal encontraría claramente que está fragmentado. Por eso me gusta la imagen. El ambiente en el que se movía el agua era influido por la brisa marina por el ángulo de la manguera y si había una tendencia parabólica como lo ha dicho la física siempre el problema es que la parábola es más abstracta que la huella que estoy mostrando, así sea más manejable. 

    Quisiera finalizar con esto. Tengo una prima que va para octavo grado. Odia la geometría. Yo he querido hablar con ella que además de que no tenga vocación matemática, vea el mundo más artístico y los profesores aburran más las cosas de lo que en realidad son, su clamor en geometría (en concreto la geometría "euclidiana") es creo en ella un grito de rebeldía. ¿Qué grita mi prima? ¡Lo que me enseñan es irreal e inútil! Si las abstracciones de lo real no muestran líneas sino fractales, ¿por qué seguimos pensando que la recta es el paradigma de las dimensiones? 

    Para dejar empezado el escrito, pues el pensamiento es fluir y no concluye como creen los profesores de metodología de la investigación quiero decir varias cosas. No tengo pretensión científica, esto es simplemente un intento de soltar algunas lecturas y pensamientos. 

    No cito a nadie entre comillas o doy un detalle de la fuente porque eso es notaría académica, pero conversaciones, observaciones, experimentos, lecturas y muchas cosas de otros no habrían hecho posible lo que aquí escribo. Si quiere vaya a la wikipedia y busquen a Mandelbrot y su libro que es rebelde y revelador "The fractal geometry of nature", el tema de la multicausalidad lo leí en el libro El Tomismo Desdeñado que es sobre economía pero que resume la física tomista. La frase de Nietzsche es de "Así habló Zarathustra". También los libros "Espejo y Reflejo" y "Las siete leyes del caos" ambos de Briggs y Peat mencionan el efecto mariposa y el tema de la influencia sutil, los fractales entre otros. Libros de meteorología, climatología y matemática citan a Edward Lorenz sobre el efecto mariposa. 

    Espero que este sea un fragmento que a otro sirva y retroalimente, así lo deseche. Al fin y al cabo la realidad es como un diálogo y el diálogo como la realidad...

    Puede ver fotografías "fractales" más reales mías en:
    De otros que me gustan:

    Artículos relacionados:


    EL ALISPRUZ : Templo del sol y asombro agradecido

                                                                   â€œA great presence is hard to see. A great sound is hard to hear. A great figure has no form.” Lao-Tzu

                                                                    "Cantando alegre, cruzó el valle, pasó la Sabana y al mar llegó". Calavera y la Popular Independiente.

    Una de mis obsesiones permanentes son los flujos que generan patrones auto-semejantes, es en otras palabras, una obsesión por una nueva rama de la matemática llamada "geometría fractal". Sin embargo, el patrón fractal no es exclusivo únicamente de la geometría. El fractal se puede oír en música, en especial la música de Bach como este concierto donde los patrones son auto-semejantes, sin dejar de notar las diferencias. Son los flujos de muchas cosas que generan ciertos patrones auto-semejantes dibujando formas geométricamente hermosas.  Sin embargo ¿cómo podemos trascender un concepto de la matemática a la filosofía? ¿Cómo podemos utilizar el fractal para ampliar y trascender el rango de nuestros conocimientos? ¿Cómo pueden unas ideas matemáticas y de filosofía del caos aportarnos a descubrir la causa y sentido del todo? A continuación daremos un abrebocas al concepto matemático para luego trascenderlo a la filosofía y al arte y comprender cuáles son las huellas que dejan los flujos de movimiento de las cosas en los seres.


    1.1 Intuyendo al fractal y su causa
    ¿Qué es un fractal? ¿Cuál es su esencia? ¿Cómo es un fractal en términos geométricos? Muchas preguntas pueden surgir legítimamente acerca de lo que es un fractal en términos geométricos o de espacio.

    Un fractal es mejor mostrarlo que describirlo, en él se verá la auto-semejanza. Auto-semejanza que implica que la parte se asemeja al todo y el todo a la parte y para parafrasear a la señorita Antioquia "también del mismo modo y en el sentido contrario". El concepto de auto-semejanza es más intuitivo que racional y o mejor es mostrar la imagen de un fractal, el más famoso, el conjunto de Mandelbrot:

    Los fractales, son entonces estos modelos generados por fórmulas de retroalimentación no-lineal  (Las siete leyes del caos, pág. 138). En últimas son funciones en los términos que aprendimos matemáticas en el colegio. Sin embargo, la definición de la causa de los fractales, "fórmulas de retroalimentación no-lineal", términos que nadie entiende, es válido para los fractales generados por computador como el conjunto de Mandelbrot. Sin embargo, los fractales y más aquellos que son naturales, implican algo mucho más profundo.

    A los fractales naturales podríamos denominarlos la huella del caos (Las siete leyes del caos, pág. 140) o más bien de los flujos de movimiento que son caóticos. En términos Aristótelicos le hemos dado la vuelta al fractal desde la perspectiva de la causa-eficiente. Es decir lo que los origina. Sin embargo, la explicación de su origen era para intuir el concepto de "auto-semejanza" que es en últimas la esencia del fractal.

    Los flujos de movimiento decíamos dejan una huella Â¿cómo es esa huella? ¡Auto-semejante a escalas diferentes! (Las siete leyes del caos, pág. 140) Si se observa el conjunto de Mandelbrot podemos ver que a primera vista tiene una imagen, pero mirando las más pequeñas encontramos que hay un cierto patrón que se repite. La forma en la que se repite la huella del flujo de movimiento se denomina auto-semejanza. Invitemos a los autores de "Las Siete Leyes del Caos" para que nos expliquen lo que es la auto-semejanza:

    "Por mor de la claridad, diremos que el término 'autosemejante' incluye esta idea de las diferencias individuales y la singularidad, así como las similitudes (...) En algunas formas fractales -particularmente aquellas generadas por los computadores mediante fórmulas matemáticas- la autosemejanza tiene algo de mecánica. En otros fractales -de la naturaleza y el arte- lo que es autosemejante se halla mezclado con lo que es diferente de forma tal que constituyen un desafío a la descripción." (Las siete leyes del caos, pág. 142)
    1.2 Fractales naturales y algunas preguntas
    Si el Conjunto de Mandelbrot es un fractal artificial ¿cómo sería un fractal natural? ¡Algo que suele verse mejor desde la ventanilla de un avión! Si alguien quiere cazar fractales que pida la ventanilla de un avión así haya algunos mal encarados que crean que es capricho. Algo como la siguiente foto:


    El flujo de movimiento en el caso de las nubes es el agua, el fluido -término físico- más común en la tierra. La huella que deja son las formas que tienen una retroalimentación del sol, luego del "albedo" que producen devolviendo radiación solar al espacio, los choques de las goticas, la disminución de la temperatura ocasionada por el impacto de la devolución de la radiación que disminuye la evaporación, lo que disminuye la temperatura, aumenta la condensación, disminuye la humedad específica, al enfriar aumenta la presión. Mejor dicho es una situación de una multicausalidad enorme o sea de muchas causas, que se retroalimentan así mismas... 

    Esos fractales naturales son la huella de aquello que los primeros filósofos denominaban el arjé. Los primeros filósofos empezaron a ver que la naturaleza estaba compuesta de algo y el fluir de ese algo era lo que generaba los seres. Ese arjé plural o singular me parece que siempre era algo sometido a un flujo de movimiento capaz de dejar huella: Vgr -Agua, Aire, Fuego, Tierra. 

    Sin embargo, al ver el amplio movimiento. Algunos como Heráclito decían "uno no se baña dos veces en el mismo río", pero ante eso se genera una pregunta ¿cómo puede nombrar al río si siempre es diferente? Parménides se iba al otro extremo de considerar todo como eterno e inmutable. Pero ¿cómo explica que no hay una nube igual a otra? ¿Cómo explica al anciano y al niño? Heráclito diría que son personas distintas, lo que es contra-evidente, pero también sería contra-evidente negar la diferencia, son la misma persona pero con una diferencia en su estado. En todo caso ¿en qué medida habría impactado en su filosofía la geometría fractal? Una pregunta que generará en el lector un flujo de preguntas y respuestas... "¡Un diálogo es un fractal!" dice la Mula Pensante.

    1.3 De la filosofía a la intuición
    Quisiera cerrar este fractal con dos frases que muevan la intuición para comprender lo que es un fractal. Muchas veces la intuición la mente la entiende en forma de paradoja, o las paradojas producen intuiciones, y también del mismo modo y en el sentido contrario:

    "Ver el mundo en un grano de arena,
    y el cielo en una flor silvestre;
    tener el infinito en la palma de la mano
    y la eternidad en una hora."
    Flower world/mundo en la flor
    ¿El mundo en una flor...? ¡Quizás!
    (William Blake en PAPPAS, 1996, pág. 50)
    Dice un texto budista Chan: 

    "Se levanta una partícula de polvo y toda la tierra está allí; florece una flor y amanece un universo con ella" (Las siete leyes del caos, pág. 142-143)
    “A great presence is hard to see. A great sound is hard to hear. A great figure has no form.” Lao-Tzu. Y mi pésima traducción: "Una gran presencia es difícil de ver. Un gran sonido es difícil de oír. Una gran figura no tiene forma.". Ahh y es una cita que leí en
    Hago una advertencia a los lectores eruditos desprevenidos y creen tener el dogma en sus cerebros que esto no es panteismo. Es una filosofía que quizás aún no la tenga categorizada en su aburrida cabeza. Es posible comprender la pluralidad de los entes y la trascendencia de Dios y las intuiciones orientales acerca de la parte y el todo. Las interrelaciones entre los entes que participan de la creación de Dios son mucho más profundas y delicadas de lo que parecen. Mejor dicho es una frase de desahogo ante tanto dogmático suelto que en vez de procurar entender y debatir busca clasificar y categorizar. Por cierto, las cosas no son mentiras o verdades porque yo las clasifique en modelos negativos, eso es una falacia denominada muñeco de paja.

    2. DE LA MATEMÁTICA A LA FILOSOFÍA: Familiaridades.
    Me escribe en estos días la Mula Pensante en facebook "el Apocalipsis es un fractal". Ante tal sorpresa le pregunté ¿Por qué? Y lo que me contestó me permitió entender el concepto de Iglesia. Me contestó o tal vez le entendí algo así como "la lucha individual de cada Cristiano es auto-semejante y se retro-alimenta a la lucha de la Iglesia Universal". La cuestión tiene lógica, si la gracias es un flujo de movimiento sobrenatural su huella ha de estar determinada por la lucha individual de cada cristiano. En últimas la gracia es un río que viene de Dios y a Él pretende llevarnos. De la misma forma podemos considerar el diálogo como un fractal que es la huella de un flujo de movimiento de ideas o insultos en algunos casos: insultos o ideas son fractales al fin y al cabo. También vemos fractales en la música, en especial de Bach.

    Esas autosemejanzas geométricas podríamos denominarlas también familiaridades. Los apartes de una melodía de Bach suelen ser similares al todo y así mismo a otras partes. Las nubes suelen ser familiares a las montañas, que suelen ser familiares a los árboles, las olas forman en la arena rizos familiares a las corrientes de los ríos. La auto-semejanza fractal traducida como una familiaridad esencial nos lleva a una intuición que los metafísicos descubren por lógica... ¡hay algo en común entre los seres/entes! ¡Que SON! Filósofos como Ockham por el contrario niegan esas familiaridades y dejan lo común de las cosas como meros nombres flatus vocis.

    Entre las mismas cosas hay una familiaridad, algo común, que viene como huella del rastro de los flujos de movimiento. No significa que todas sean lo mismo, para que haya autosemejanza tiene que haber diferencia. Podríamos llegar a múltiples disquisiciones al respecto, pero esa familiaridad y la retroalimentación que cada cosa hace a la otra y por ende a sí misma, sumada en un flujo de tendencias o fines al bien, ¿no será una prueba de que el arjé es el flujo del amor? Si los entes naturales se retroalimentan a sí mismos para lograr sus fines, todos esos entes tienen una huella de algo amoroso que los trasciende. La misma familiaridad y la retroalimentación que los entes hacen al flujo debe indicar que en ellos hay inmanente algo de amor. ¿Será que el amor es el arjé? El amor es querer el bien del otro, los flujos de movimiento naturales parecen indicar el bien de las cosas o que siempre les hacen un bien, un bien que las trasciende pero que las retroalimenta.

    Escher Metamorfosis. Estos cuadros utilizan los fractales para  dibujar las imágenes, pero el fondo que puede interpretárse es que todas sus imágenes a pesar de ser distintas cuentan con esa familiaridad.

    Me encantaría sentar claro que efectivamente ese amor proviene del Dios que es su causa, pero esto dejaría muchas dudas acerca de cómo de las familiaridades entre los entes que se retroalimentan se puede llegar a concluir que ese arjé proviene del flujo del amor. Creo que es así, pero esto lo digo por fe, no porque tenga la prueba fehaciente. Es decir, la existencia del mundo denota un Dios, pero que lo que mueva el mundo sea movido por el amor, es algo que requiere mayor rigor y profundidad. Apenas voy entendiendo las familiaridades. No sé lo que intuyo y razono.

    La razón intencional de este escrito era mostrar la auto-semejanza o familiaridad entre las intuiciones o sensibilidades mía y de un primo. El primo Calavera, es el cantante de la Banda Calavera y la Popular Independiente que son un nuevo género musical que busca mezclar la tradicional guasca antioqueña con un poco de rock. Es algo estilo Juanes pero mejor a mi modo de ver. Lo curioso del asunto es que oyendo una de sus canciones que advierto está mal grabada porque todavía no lo han hecho en estudio descubrí que la banda describía la intuición que me persigue hace días, la intuición y vocación hacia los "flujos". Vocación e intuición que me hace desear viajar en exceso en avión y pedir una bendita ventanilla. La canción donde Teo Calavera expresa la idea del flujo y de las familiaridades es "Soñé en el Río":


    Al fin y al cabo, las familias tienen la huella de la genética y también de prácticas -virtudes y vicios- de hace muchos años. Oír al abuelo diciendo que el cogía tigres de la cola y que venía El Alispruz, o a la abuelita obsesionada por tener las flores más hermosas de las palmas tienen claros impactos: "soñé una finca para mi madre -dice la canción-, llena de flores mirando al sol" . Son otra forma de "genética" pero a ambos nos tocaron y dejaron huellas en el espíritu que ahora queremos expresar al mundo. Que se expresan de acuerdo al espíritu y vocación individual, pero que tienen su auto-semejanza, su familiaridad. La familia es la portadora del flujo de herencia material y espiritual, esos flujos generan auto-semejanzas y diferencias en sus miembros.

    Teo Calavera hace sus alispruces mediante la música. La canción bellas imágenes describe los flujos de movimiento. La canción describe ese constante movimiento "soñé en el río y el río me llevó, bajó por la montaña..." luego la descripción lleva a la forma de cómo baja el río "Cantando alegre, cruzó el valle, pasó la Sabana y al mar llegó". Ese punto del mar donde se funde con el todo, con una cultura "eran las voces de una nación"  o la paradoja con la totalidad "mientras las olas me iban llevando yo era el cielo y tú mi sol". La canción tiene el mismo estilo literario de García Márquez, un realismo mágico, que describe la realidad sin desdibujarla pero de una forma curiosamente mística. En el fondo refleja ese anhelo de amor, de querer unirse con el universo, con la totalidad de las cosas en imágenes llegando a un mar que refleja ese todo de los anhelos humanos.

    Ya se me volvió un delicioso vicio -o quizás virtud- de dejar mis escritos inconclusos. La razón es fractal ¡no quiero agotar el flujo del conocimiento! El fin de un ensayo no es el fin de lo que se pueda decir de una cosa, el fin de un ensayo es el comienzo para que muchos en su libre razonar, su creatividad y su inteligencia utilicen esas ideas para algo. Que las utilicen así sea para decir lo ridículo que es un autor o para tomar parte razonable y criticar el resto. Tesis, Antítesis y Síntesis como el Hegel Pop es imposible tenerlas en un escrito.  La dialéctica -que es quizás la ciencia que estudia los flujos de diálogos- no se agota en un escrito, ni en un autor. La verdad no es tan caprichosa como para quedarse en una sola cabeza.

    Por eso que siga el fluir, el movimiento, la dialéctica, las Tesis, Antítesis y Síntesis del Hegel Pop. Que le den duro al ensayo, modifiquen la idea y sea simplemente una ayuda de mi parte en el constante parto del conocimiento que no es oficio particular sino de la humanidad. Ojo, que sea oficio de la humanidad no significa como creen erradamente los marxistas que eso es oficio del estado. El estado es una metáfora de lo contrario al flujo de movimiento. Es oficio de la humanidad en cabezas particulares que libremente lo retroalimentan ¡un buen ejemplo es Wikipedia! En fin...


    PAPPAS, T. (1996). LA MAGIA DE LA MATEMÁTICA. El orden oculto tras la naturaleza y el arte. (M. Rosenberg, Trad.) Madrid, España: Zugarto Ediciones S.A. 

    Peat, F. D., & Briggs, J. (1999). Las siete leyes del caos (Primera Edición ed.). (D. Mas, Trad.) Barcelona, Cataluña, España: Grijalbo.


              Templo del sol y asombro agradecido        
    Templo del sol by ElAlispruz

    Templo del sol, a photo by ElAlispruz on Flickr.

    El asombro es aquella capacidad que comparten niños, poetas y filósofos. Sin embargo, el asombro tiene un contenido que trasciende la poesía y la filosofía. ¿Qué es? La mística. ¿Acaso se requieren milagros extraordinarios para descubrir aquel ser magnífico detrás de cada obra? Cada movimiento del sol, que no sale ni se oculta nunca por el mismo lugar, la caída de la lluvia, la formación de un arco iris las formas siempre iguales y siempre diferentes de las nubes, son una muestra de la existencia de un ser que las trasciende. 

    Ya nos decía Fernando González en Viaje a Pie:

    "Subiendo a pie la vertiente del Arma tuvimos la impresión nítida de la dureza y pesadez que nos atrae hacia la tierra. ¡Qué dificultad para elevarse! Somos hijos de la tierra y sus parásitos; nos liga a ella, como un cordón umbilical, la ley de la gravedad. Por momentos la abandonamos, nos parece que existe otro ser que nos llama hacia las alturas aéreas; nos parece abandonar todo lo terrestre y después caemos más definitivamente abrazados a su seno materno; somos únicamente materia dura, materia grave. Cuando levantábamos las piernas para trepar hacia Aguadas tuvimos la impresión nítida de la atracción terrestre. Esta esfera dura es nuestra cuna y nuestro sepulcro. ¿Por qué deseamos abandonar esta madre? ¿Por qué los ímpetus de elevarse? ¿Por qué el Santo y el Héroe? Es un indicio, un leve indicio, de que hay en nosotros algo que no es terrestre. Ese leve indicio ha creado la metafísica y el misticismo." (González-Ochoa, Fernando. Viaje a Pie. Versión digital en

    Esta foto nos muestra "el Templo del Sol". Este "templo" se encuentra en las ruinas de Macchu Picchu en el Perú. La parte frontal está alineada con la salida del sol en el solsticio de verano en el hemisferio sur (21 de Diciembre) y la lateral con el de invierno (21 de Junio) en dicho hemisferio. Aunque vivo en el trópico demasiado cerca al ecuador, he logrado observar esas diferencias por las posiciones solares. Adicionalmente, con un poco de lectura he relacionado esas diferencias a los periodos de sequía y de lluvía. ¿Por qué? La máxima evaporación se produce cuando el sol se encuentra perpendicular a la tierra, en ese momento la presión baja al extremo en esa latitud, asciende el aire y cuando llega a la tropopausa seco desciende hacia las latitudes circundantes disminuyendo la evaporación. De esa forma, en la medida en que el sol se encuentra más elevado en el cielo, más elevada es la evaporación en los países tropicales. 

    Los incas lograron intuir esta interrelación entre la posición solar, que el templo del sol, les permitía seguir las temporadas de sequía (solsticio de invierno 21 de Junio) y las de lluvia (solsticio de Verano 21 de diciembre). Estos ciclos vitales denotan los flujos de la existencia humana, la esencia de la naturaleza que entre opuestos y contrarios genera profundas auto-semejanzas fractales. Esto, para cualquiera con una mínima capacidad de asombro, lo lleva al extremo del éxtasis, al misticismo si se quiere como nos decía Fernando González. Los primeros filósofos, cuando empezaron a razonar, utilizaron los elementos de la naturaleza como el sustrato del ser. Los libros modernos de meteorología y climatología hacen una referencia a esta primera aproximación intuitiva de la realidad.

    El viento, el aire, el fuego, el agua y la tierra que producen vida y muerte, belleza, poesía. Los primeros filósofos se asombraron de una naturaleza maravillosa, que seguía ciclos semejantes pero inciertos. Lo mismo hoy me asombro de la belleza de un atardecer, del cielo azul, de las montañas y las nubes como algodón. Todas diferentes pero auto-semejantes, conocidas pero a la vez sometidas a un halo de incertidumbre propio de su permanente creatividad. 

    Algo nos dicen estos ciclos, algo nos dicen los solsticios y equinoccios, algo nos dice la estética de los flujos auto-semejantes producidos por opuestos y contrarios. Algo nos dicen la noche y el día, la lluvia y la sequía, las nubes y el cielo, el calor y el frío, la poesía y la razón, el arte y la contemplación... Tanta belleza debe provenir de algo que, en sí mismo, sea bello, ordenado y artista, creativo y racional. Un creador capaz de regalarnos maravillas poéticas permanentes, milagros cotidianos que nos hagan vivir una vida de belleza y asombro agradecido.

              LA INMENSA CANTIDAD DE LO POCO        
    Ver el mundo en un grano de arena,
    y el cielo en una flor silvestre;
    tener el infinito en la palma de la mano
    y la eternidad en una hora.
    (William Blake en PAPPAS, 1996, pág. 50)

    Los seres humanos nos preocupamos tanto por las grandes obras, que las pequeñas acaban destruyendo la posibilidad de llegar a la grandeza. Es una paradoja, pero una paradoja con fuertes fundamentos fácticos que denotan cómo descuidar lo poco, es el más grande de nuestros errores. El presente ensayo partirá de una reflexión metafísica pasando por una económica, pero la intención será trascender hasta, si es posible, una reflexión mística. Partiremos de ser centaveros, con imagen de ambiciosos, para llegar a la gloria infinita... simplemente por el valor de lo pequeño.

    Una breve contemplación matemática.

    Nubes fractales.
    El fractal denota la potencia de esta paradoja,
    la parte se ve en el todo y el todo en la parte.
    Un cálculo elemental para cualquier persona es la suma de 1 + 1. La unidad pareciese una figura simple y carente de todo significado estético y místico. ¿Qué importa el número uno? ¿Uno no más? Sin embargo, cuando se ve el elevado potencial del uno a nivel matemático, su aparente carencia de significado y su falta de estética, le dan a ese número insignificante, nada dentro del infinito, un valor tan elevado que nos lleva a una paradoja: el uno es nada en comparación con el infinito pero el infinito no es nada sin el uno. ¿Cómo puede surgir tal paradoja en una proporción que todos prácticamente consideramos evidente si sabemos un poco de cálculo y de matemáticas? Evidentemente el infinito ha sido un creador de paradojas como la de Zenón (si cada vez recorro la mitad de lo que me falta ¿cuándo llegaré a la meta?) (PAPPAS, 1996, pág. 50) Sin embargo, esta explicación nos la da Pappas en una cita al pie sobre por qué los números naturales son infinitos: "los números de contar o naturales, son potencialmente infinitos ya que a cualquiera de ellos se le puede sumar uno para llegar al siguiente, pero nunca se puede tener el conjunto completo" (PAPPAS, 1996, pág. 52).

    Efectivamente todos los números son "una multitud compuesta de unidades" como decían los pitagóricos y por ello los consideraban la sustancia de todas las cosas (RECAMÁN SANTOS, 2007, pág. 30). Aunque los pitagóricos no consideraban a la unidad (1) como un número, de esta unidad procedían todos los demás que eran la sustancia del universo. "-¿Cuánto es uno y uno y uno y uno y uno y uno y uno? -No lo sé - dijo Alicia-, he perdido la cuenta. -No puedo hacer la suma - dijo la Reina Roja." (CARROL LEWIS [ALICIA EN EL PAÍS DE LAS MARAVILLAS] en RECAMÁN SANTOS, 2007, pág. 109). Efectivamente la suma constante de uno, uno, uno, cada vez va generando un número que ni la Reina Roja podía sumar, ni lo harán los sabios ancianos del rey en un caso que luego se expondrá. 

    Los pitagóricos, aunque erraron en lo que es un número tuvieron otros aciertos pues nadie ha visto un uno volando a menos que -como decía un compañero mío del colegio- estuviera sentado en una hamaca bastante trabado. Esto quiere decir que los números no son el mundo sino simples son abstracciones de intuiciones que nos explican el mundo, los pitagóricos sí acertaron en la magnifica intuición que nos remite al poema del comienzo. Es de unidades que se forman las cosas y de unidades que se suman indefinidamente que crecen indefinidamente y van formando pieza por pieza, una por una, el mundo. ¿Qué es una estrella? ¿Qué es un grano de arena? ¿Pero qué es una estrella y otra, y otra, y otra...? ¡El firmamento! Y ¿qué es un grano de arena y otro, y otro, y otro,...? ¡Una playa! Lo mismo podemos decir de las gotas de agua que conforman el mar, de las hojas, de las células que forman nuestro cuerpo. ¿Qué es un átomo? ¡lo que compone el universo!

    Deteniéndonos un poco en el tema de las células del cuerpo, nuestra vida comenzó con una célula, que se dividió en dos, en cuatro, en ocho, mórula, blástula, etc, especialización, hasta transformar una vida de una célula en millones de ellas. Podríamos entrar en miles de ejemplos místicos, poéticos que nos lleven a trascender en la contemplación pero eso haría que este escrito fuera infinito. Pues al fin y al cabo, así se comporta la naturaleza que los pitagóricos intuían, una sucesión de unidades que forman el todo, la unidad no es nada frente al todo pero el todo no es nada sin la unidad. Por tal motivo pasaremos de una breve contemplación matemática a un análisis económico.

    Del misticismo a la economía.
    El Banquero y Su esposa.
    ¡La diligencia en el cuidado de lo poco!
    Últimamente tengo pegada la frase "cuide los centavos que los pesos se cuidan solos". Esta frase se la escuché a mi papá, que entiendo se la escuchó a un empresario antioqueño ya difunto. La sabiduría de esta frase no va en lo sonoro de la misma sino en que puede corroborarse en la práctica. Si las personas gastáramos al nivel que lo hacemos en cosas de pequeña cantidad, nos quedaríamos asombrados de lo pronto que nos quebraríamos. Pondré un ejemplo sencillo. Si una persona tiene un capital de $2.000 pesos colombianos (alrededor de un dólar estadounidense) es muy probable que si le ofrecen algo cuyo valor es de $2.000 se relaje y cambie su dinero por esa cosa ¡No son más que $2.000! Pero si todo su capital líquido es de $50.000 (alrededor de 25 USD) y le ofrecen algo de $50.000 es mucho más probable que se controle y diga ¡es que son $50.000! Pero únicamente bastaría hacer únicamente 25 veces el ejercicio con los $2.000 para haberse gastado los $50.000 en cosas de $2.000. Haga el ejercicio de ahorrar $500 diarios durante un año y obtendrá una suma de $182.500, hágalo con $1.000, $2.000, etc.

    En un escrito anterior manifesté lo siguiente:

    "De hecho los pobres saben más de finanzas que los ricos. Un rico no sabe cuánto vale un peso porque ese es su día a día, pero una persona pobre sabe verdaderamente cuál es el costo del dinero, el sudor que se requiere para ganar $18.000 (10 Us$ aprox) [Cfr ElAlispruz. En 2010 si se quiere profundizar en el costo del trabajo]. Esto es tan cierto que los modelos financieros exitosos surgieron precisamente de un elevado valor del dinero. Adicionalmente es la razón por la cuál los modelos tecnocráticos e intervencionistas fracasan. (TORO RESTREPO, 2011)"

    ¿Por qué surgen modelos exitosos con un elevado costo del dinero? El valor de una cosa está relacionado con su escasez, entre más escasa más valiosa, por lo tanto el dinero es mucho más valioso cuando hay poco. Mientras escribo esto recuerdo la gloriosa frase de nuestro presidente Juan Manuel Santos "En Colombia se puede vivir con $190.000 mensuales". Lo glorioso no es tanto que no sea posible (personalmente no lo creo) sino que venga de una persona que ni siquiera sabe cuánto cuesta la gasolina porque tiene choferes y no ha tenido la necesidad de montar en bus. Si a uno le entran $190.000 mensuales tiene que ser bastante inteligente para que con esa suma pueda comer, tener un techo, vestirse y transportarse y si alguien nunca ha tenido el reto de vivir con esa miserable suma... ¿lo hará bien? Mi abuelo materno decía que los mejores financieros son los mendigos porque de $100 en $100 no se asuste si se encuentra al mendigo que pide en el semáforo de la 10 en un vuelo a Santa Marta con usted. Es más complicado cuando la liquidez es mucha pero inconstante, creo yo.

    Tributaristas, delincuentes financieros y el valor del dinero.

    La vocazione di San Matteo
    Recordemos que San Mateo
    era un recaudador de impuestos y
    él comprende el mensaje de la fidelidad en lo poco.
    Los tributaristas son personas MUY INTELIGENTES que trabajan para el sector equivocado, el estado. El estado es una forma de robo menos violenta y menos inútil, pero forzada al fin y al cabo. Paréntesis, admiro a los delincuentes financieros, esos que roban un peso de cada cuenta de un banca, que forman pirámides, etc., porque son perversos, pero comprenden lo mismo que los pitagóricos acerca de la sustancia del mundo. Cualquiera se preguntará ¿por qué pongo a los delincuentes financieros con el sector tributario? Porque ambos piensan estrategias para sacar más de la manera más sutil.

    Una de las formas más inteligentes que comprenden el trasfondo del valor del dinero es la invención del Gravamen a los Movimientos Financieros o Cuatro por mil. Si fuera un señor tomando un peso de cada cuenta, diferente del estado, se llamaría Hurto Calificado. El caso es que no estoy anarquista sino que quiero elogiar al creador del 4 X 1000, eh Ave María qué tan inteligente, el problema es ¡por qué te contrató el lado equivocado!

    Mil pesos vienen siendo poco, pero cuatro pesos no son nada. Bueno 4 X 1000 no son nada y ¿qué tal 4000 por millón? ¿Duelen $40.000 al mover 10.000.000? ¿Qué tal $400.000 al mover $100.000.000? Si una empresa mueve al año $1.000 millones de pesos $4.000.000 pueden ser fácilmente la nómina de unos cuantos meses a salario mínimo. Miremos el 4 X 1000 desde otra perspectiva.

    Si yo pago 1 millón de pesos a otra persona a su cuenta, y ésta a su vez mueve todo ese millón pero pagando el 4 X 1000 y así sucesivamente deduciendo el 4 x 1000, en 27 transacciones, totalmente viables en la velocidad de nuestro sistema financiero, ya se habrá perdido alrededor del 10% de ese valor. O sea si hay una cadena de 27 deudores donde cada uno sea acreedor y deudor de 1.000.000, el 27 avo deberá conseguirse alrededor de $100.000 si cada uno ha venido descontando el 4 x 1000. El cuatro por mil tiene el valor de pasar desapercibido, no se siente su impacto sino cuando se empieza a sumar cada uno de esos gravámenes. 

    Si el PIB de 2010 fue de 548. (DANE - DEPARTAMENTO ADMINISTRATIVO NACIONAL DE ESTADÍSTICA, 2011) cifra que confieso no cabe en mi cabeza. Si moviéramos toda esa suma en una transacción serían $2.193,092 millones de pesos. Eso sin contar que son muchas las transacciones lo que implicaría que el recaudo estatal por este impuesto sería gigantesco. 

    Granos de arroz, trigo y hambre en el mundo.

    Hay algunos personajes que trabajan en la ONU que para discutir el problema del hambre en el mundo llegan llenitos luego de haber pagado los mejores hoteles 5 estrellas en New York. La comida debe ser de la mejor calidad y costosa. Ante esa situación cuando empiezan a discutir el tema con barrigas llenas, observan el problema y ven cómo comer un poquito menos sería bastante costoso y para no sufrir el dolor de ver la pobreza que su despilfarro ocasiona proponen matar a los pobres. Efectivamente, la solución es fácil: "seguimos comiendo igual y despilfarrando igual mientras matamos a aquellos que no pueden despilfarrar como nosotros.".

    Sin embargo, el problema del hambre no es de "exceso de población" sino de "desperdicio de comida". Cualquiera dirá que lo hago porque soy pro-vida o porque no creo que el calentamiento global sea ocasionado por el ser humano o como mínimo por la población. Somos 7.000 millones de personas, pero resulta que el número de hormigas ocupa la misma biomasa (o sea pesando TODAS las hormigas de la tierra pesan lo mismo que TODOS los seres humanos) (Chadwick & Moffet, 2011, pág. 86). La fuente del peso de las hormigas, como puede observarse, es la revista National Geographic de mayo de 2011, fuente científica acreditada a nivel mundial.

    Ahora bien, tomando en cuenta la misma revista pero del mes de julio tenemos un dato todavía más perverso y más triste sobre alimentación. Citemos la fuente textual. Refiriéndose frente a cómo alimentar un planeta creciente en su tercera solución plantea:
    "3. Reducir el desperdicio. Aproximadamente la mitad de las cosechas mundiales desaparecen 'entre el campo y el plato', dice Stockholm International Water Institute. El desperdicio, la desviación para fabricar alimentos para animales y el comportamiento del consumidor son factores que llevan a esto.". (TOMANIO, KLEBER, CASSIDY, WELLS, & BUZBY, 2011)
    Según el dato anterior no sería necesario aumentar las cosechas, bastaría que se acabara el desperdicio por el comportamiento desmedido del consumidor. La carencia proviene del derroche y la abundancia de la sobriedad. Cualquier persona pensadora a nivel actual, o sea lectora de periódicos, dirá: "pues que el estado impida el derroche". Sin embargo en ello también está la paradoja de lo poco, eso no lo hará el que tiene mucho poder, sino el pequeño poder de cada persona ante su plato. ¿Cómo entenderlo? Hagamos algunos análisis con gramos...

    ¿Cuánto pesa un gramo de arroz? De acuerdo con una fuente no tan fiable como Yahoo Answers pero en algo creíble, dice que un grano de arroz pesa 1.16 mg. Si cada persona del mundo desperdicia un grano de arroz, algo insignificante, el desperdicio acumulado sería de 8.12 toneladas. No soy nutricionista pero eso beneficiaría la dieta de miles de personas. El punto es ¿cuántos granos de arroz promedio desperdicia cada persona al día? 

    Al respecto de granos y desperdicio partiendo de la unidad hay una sabia leyendo sobre el momento en el que se inventó el ajedrez. El inventor llega ante el rey con el ajedrez y el rey le dice ¿qué puedo darte por esto? El inventor al principio no pidió nada pero ante la insistencia del rey le pidió "ordena que me den un grano de trigo por la primera casilla, dos por la segunda, 4 por la tercera y así sucesivamente hasta completar las 64 casillas." (PERELMAN, 2002, pág. 52). Al rey esto le pareció un insulto al fin y al cabo, sentía que le pedía demasiado poco... unos granitos de trigo no más.

    Pero hagamos el esquema matemático de lo que pedía el inventor del ajedrez:


    Si organizamos la propuesta en una serie encontraremos que sigue la siguiente secuencia:


    Concluyendo que la serie es 1+2^1+...+2^(n-1) por lo tanto por la última casilla recibirá 2^63 granos. 

    Plantación de trigo.
    No es la foto más hermosa pero se
    observa el efecto infinito.
    El caso es que sinteticemos la conclusión. Luego de un largo periodo de demora en el conteo de todos los matemáticos del rey veamos lo que pasó:

    "-Antes de comenzar tu informe [dice el rey], quiero saber si se ha entregado por fin (...) la mísera recompensa que ha solicitado.
    - Precisamente por eso me he atrevido a presentarme tan temprano -contestó el anciano [uno de los sabios del rey]. Hemos calculado escrupulosamente la cantidad total de granos que desea recibir... resulta una cifra tan enorme.
    -Sea cual fuere la cifra -le interrumpió con altivez el rey- mis graneros no empobrecerán. He prometido darle esa recompensa, y por lo tanto, hay que entregársela.
    -Soberano, o depende de tu voluntad cumplir semejante deseo. En todos tus graneros no existe la cantidad de trigo que exige. Tampoco existe en los graneros de todo el reino. Hasta los graneros del mundo entero son insuficientes. Si deseas entregar sin falta la recompensa prometida, ordena que todos los reinos de la Tierra se conviertan en labrantíos, manda desecar los mares y océanos, ordena fundir el hielo y la nieve que cubren los lejanos desiertos del norte. Que todo el espacio sea totalmente sembrado de trigo, y ordena que toda la cosecha obtenida en estos campos sea entregada [a él]. Sólo entonces recibirá su recompensa.
    El rey escuchaba lleno de asombro las palabras del anciano sabio.
    -Dime cuál es esa cifra tan monstruosa -dime reflexionando.
    -¡Oh soberano! Dieciocho trillones cuatrocientos cuarenta y seis mil setecientos cuarenta y cuatro billones setenta y tres mil setecientos nueve millones quinientos cincuenta y un mil seiscientos quince." (PERELMAN, 2002, pág. 55)
    Trascendiendo a lo místico: conclusión.
    Desde la V inicial hasta el último paréntesis este escrito consta de unas 2602 palabras y 12559 letras o signos y faltan unas pocas más. El punto es que una por una en unas 3 horas he llegado a tocar el teclado más de 12.600 veces una por una, palabra por palabra, sumando lentamente, pero sumando. Como estamos en navidad no puedo dejar de hacer el comentario místico, porque es el Espíritu Santo el que me inspira a escribir (yo iba a hacer un ensayo sobre por qué hay que ser sobrio, moralista como siempre y acabé partiendo de lo místico a lo económico) y los errores son míos. Ese Neuma, hálito o soplo quizás trabaja con la inmensa cantidad de lo poco, la paradoja de lo pequeño, la simple paloma que se posa. ¿Acaso nadie ha podido comprender que los vientos y las corrientes de aire son el trasfondo de las tormentas, lluvias e inundaciones? Quizás así sea el Espíritu Santo, sea esa pequeña mariposa del océano índico que con su movimiento preciso y conociendo todas las causas que lo influyen genera un huracán en el Atlántico. 

    Jesús es el ejemplo de esto. La multiplicación de los panes y los peces muestra cómo de unos pocos panes y peces se alimenta a una muchedumbre y lo que sobra se recoge. Aunque evidentemente es un milagro, no es lo milagroso lo que interesa, sino lo mucho que sale de lo poco su sentido o significado me parece más sorprendente, de la inmensa cantidad de lo poco, el infinito no es nada sin la unidad. Muchos son los ejemplos como el grano de mostaza (aunque lo discuten algunos tecnicistas pero al fin y al cabo de muchas semillas pequeñas salen cosas grandes). Todo el mensaje cristiano está en esa paradoja, un Dios que nace en lo poco pero que trae la más grande de las riquezas..., la salvación. hay que leer a Chesterton para mirar ese sentido cristiano como paradoja. 

    En la parábola de los talentos Jesús muestra cómo se confían ciertos bienes a unos trabajadores y aquí sale la frase bíblica que resume el mensaje aquí contenido:

    "Has sido fiel en lo poco, te confiaré lo mucho" (Mt. 25 vs 23)

    Esa es la inmensa, gigantesca, infinita cantidad de lo poco, de la unidad, lo pequeño o cuasi insignificante. Como los pitagóricos el sustento son las unidades (no los números por lo que ya expliqué) pero cada ente, por más insignificante que sea forma el todo. La sumatoria de cosas insignificantes es lo que produce la grandeza, la sorpresa, aquello invaluable. Sospecho que quizás esa es la lógica del Dios de los ejércitos, la adecuada valoración de lo que a los ojos del mundo es insignificante...

    El guayacán y sus flores.
    Un árbol que da tributo al cielo y cae humildemente a la tierra para que persista el ciclo de la belleza

    Chadwick, D. H., & Moffet, M. W. (Mayo de 2011). HERMANDAD DE TEJEDORAS. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (En Español) , 82-95.

    DANE - DEPARTAMENTO ADMINISTRATIVO NACIONAL DE ESTADÍSTICA. (25 de Noviembre de 2011). 'Producto Interno Bruto Departamental, a precios corrientes. '2000 - 2010pr. Miles de millones de pesos. Recuperado el 20 de Diciembre de 2011, de DANE:

    Holmes, N. (Mayo de 2011). Población. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (En Español) .

    PAPPAS, T. (1996). LA MAGIA DE LA MATEMÁTICA. El orden oculto tras la naturaleza y el arte. (M. Rosenberg, Trad.) Madrid, España: Zugarto Ediciones S.A.

    PERELMAN, Y. (2002). Matemáticas recreativas. (F. Blanco, & C. Pérez, Trads.) Bogotá, Colombia: Planeta Colombiana S.A.


    TOMANIO, J., KLEBER, J., CASSIDY, M., WELLS, H., & BUZBY, J. (Julio de 2011). Cómo alimentar un planeta creciente. National Geographic , Sección Hoy (Inpaginado).

    TORO RESTREPO, D. (16 de Febrero de 2011). FINANZAS Y CUESTIÓN SOCIAL. REFLEXIONES SOBRE EL SISTEMA FINANCIERO. Recuperado el 20 de Diciembre de 2011, de EL ALISPRUZ:

    5FM — We chat to a panel of experts to discuss the implications of cryptocurrency. On the panel, Dawie Roodt (Chief Economist, Efficient Group), Tanya Knowles (Managing Executive of Fractal Solutions, division of Strate (Pty) Ltd) and Richard de Sousa (Owner, AltCoinTrader)
              Programa #765        

    Descarga el programa en diferentes formatos desde el Internet Archive

    Escuchamos algunas canciones del sello estadounidense Death Roots Syndicate.

    Sintonía: tdBt & The Garys - “Feel like…” (del álbum A la poursuite de René Fonck - Antiblues 020)
    1. Longshot Nelson and The Disjoints - "Sawney Bean" (del recopilatorio The Death Roots Syndicate)
    2. Black Claw - "Find The End" (del EP Black Claw)
    3. The Last Surrealist - fragmento de "To Lie With Beauty On Empyrean Shores" (del álbum Hypogean Blood Fractals For A Hypnagogic Sleep)
    4. Deadmen's Suit - "Misery Train" (del recopilatorio The End)
    5. The Shower Scenes - "Love Lies" (del EP The Shower Scenes)
    6. L'ira dell'Agnello - "La libagione" (del EP Rime aporetiche e mottetti alla miseria)
    7. Seuora - "Evil Within Revisited" (del EP Revisitation)
    8. Roselit Bone - "Roselit Bone" (del recopilatorio The Death Roots Syndicate: Volume IV)
    9. Cyanna Mercury - "Pontian Carol" (del recopilatorio The Death Roots Syndicate: Volume IV)

              Free Download MetaTrader 4 or MT4 for Windows, iOS and Android        

    MetaTrader 4 or MT4 is an online Forex trading platform available for desktop as well as mobile devices. It was developed by MetaQoutes Software Company. It has almost every available feature including Expert Advise (EA) feature. It has a high speed processing time so that you can execute your trade at that particular instant. It has a discussion and news forum where you can get updates to the latest Forex news. It has a wide range of indicators including the basic and the most advanced one. I have used many indicators in Meta Trader 4. Some of the most used indicators are listed below:

    §        Average Directional Movement Index
    §        Bollinger Bands
    §        Moving Average
    §        MACD
    §        Momentum
    §        Relative Strength Index
    §        Volumes
    §        Fractals
    §        Alligators

    It has a feature of viewing the currency pair chart in different time frames to get an idea of the moving trend. The available time frame options to view the Forex chart of any pair in MetaTrader 4 are:

    §        1 minute chart
    §        5 minutes chart
    §        15 minutes chart
    §        30 minutes chart
    §        1 hour chart
    §        4 hours chart
    §        1 day chart
    §        1 week chart
    §        1 month chart

    It offers free demo-account for practicing purpose so the new traders learn trading and can do practice in that account to make them ready before investing in real account and facing the high risk of losing their money.

    It supports many brokers around the world. I must say it is one of the most reliable and best platforms of online Forex trading. If you are a new trader, start with a free account in MetaTrader 4 to experience it yourself and if you are an experienced trader then you must have used MetaTrader 4 so we need your valuable feedback about it. We appreciate the valuable feedback of our readers. Thank you very much.

    Only @ Computer Training 2011

              Scientists on the Margins        
    David Nobes


    The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was convened in Geneva in December of 2003. When the World Summit was announced, many in the scientific community questioned why there was no clear or central role for science and scientists. Scientists at CERN, in particular, expressed their concerns because CERN, one of the premier international collaborative scientific institutions, is regarded by many as the “birthplace” of the Internet.

    As a result of the interventions of scientists, the UN and WSIS Secretariat proposed to hold an additional, but separate meeting ahead of the World Summit - the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS). The Role of Science meeting was also held in Geneva, at CERN, immediately before the World Summit. Many who attended RSIS also attended the WSIS. (The RSIS website is still active, as of January 2005).

    The RSIS was intended to provide a forum whereby scientists and science administrators could contribute to the ongoing discussions on the Information Society. The discussions focussed on information sharing - the mechanisms for such sharing, and the impact on society that information sharing could have, because it became quickly apparent that information sharing is one of the primary elements in what we have come to call the Information Society, which I will abbreviate here as IS. Information technology is abbreviated as IT.

    At this point, it should be noted that many of the participants, this author included, wondered what influence we scientists might have on the larger World Summit. Because of its separateness, many attendees doubted, sometimes publicly, that we would have much impact on the main WSIS “event” (the term used on the website and in the printed material). Many felt that the meeting was nonetheless useful, but more for the informal networks and contacts that we made, rather than for the formal proceedings. This reflects the nature of the Internet and modern electronic communications, which was nicely and concisely described by Tim Berners-Lee, who developed the browser-based interface, the “World Wide Web,” now concomitant with the popular conception of the Internet. He portrayed the “essence” of the Web as “decentralized” and “fractal.” It was originally designed to fill a need to share information (“data”) that was different in nature, format, and style.

    [ For a much different conception of a global informational network, albeit one that has yet to be put into popular practice, see the Home Page of Ted Nelson, eds. ]

    At the end of the RSIS was a “Visionary Panel Discussion: Science and Governance.” Most of the panel members who discussed the future of the Internet used outdated and outmoded terminology and paradigms, and I think they missed some of the inherent anarchic and democratic aspects of the Internet. Many of us felt that the panel, with the exception of Berners-Lee, showed a lack of understanding of the Internet and the Web. Indeed, the character of the Internet and the Web in many ways reflect how human progress is made, whether we are discussing science or broader societal aspects. We take steps that wander up many blind alleys and false trails before hitting upon solutions to previously unsolved problems. The solutions are almost always imperfect and almost always later superseded by some better approach. It is necessarily unstructured and chaotic, as any creative activity will be. However, those involved directly, such as scientists, are often excluded from the decision-making processes, which tend to be dominated by politicians and bureaucrats who are in general sadly ignorant of science and its methods. I hope to expand on this theme in the report that follows. The issues raised are no less relevant and important a year on from the meeting. The most exciting and innovative projects described during the meeting emphasised the lack of centralized control over the Internet and the Web, and that such control is nearly impossible. We cannot control what people do with the Internet; instead the main issue should be about showing people how to use the Internet effectively and sceptically.

    The structure of this report is simple. It follows the structure of the meeting, which was built around the central RSIS “themes”: education; economic development; environment; health; and enabling technologies. I summarise some of the main points and observations from each session, highlighting those talks, presentations and sessions that seem to have best captured the atmosphere of the RSIS and future of the Information Society.


    The opening plenary session comprised a series of presentations that ranged widely across the IS spectrum. Adolf Ogi, Special Advisor on WSIS to the Swiss Federal Council, officially welcomed the RSIS participants on behalf of Switzerland, the host country, and challenged the participants to promote “science for all, without boundaries.” He touched on the issues of control of technology and the role of infrastructure, and the costs associated with both. When we say “costs”, we mean both the cost to society as a whole and the cost to the individual. This becomes, then, a major concern in developing countries where personal monetary wealth is limited, and thus access to modern computing tools is limited.

    Two speakers put the Role of Science in the context of the World Summit on the Information Society. Adama Samassékou, President of the WSIS Preparation Committee, addressed the gulf between the “haves” and the “have-nots,” using the now common phrase “the digital divide.” However, Samassékou went beyond these almost clichéd terms and viewpoints to discuss the traditional forms of knowledge, and how in the IS world oral traditions, and the information they transmit, are being lost, largely because we have not had a means to incorporate them into the technology of the IS. He emphasised the goal of a lack of boundaries for the sharing of information, and the need to promote the IS within an ethical framework. In this framework, he included environmental ethics. This theme arose again in the special session on the Environment in the IS.

    Yoshia Utsumi, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, emphasised accessibility of IS, but his emphasis was on scientific access. This was perhaps a reflection of the audience, but was then limited in its scope, especially when considered in the light of some of the presentations that came later in the day. He noted the lack of scientific funding in the developing world, and the “problems” in science policy. My opinion is that “gap” may have been a more appropriate word, because few countries, developing or otherwise, have clear policies for the sharing of information, scientific or otherwise. Many that do have such policies, such as the U.S.A., obstruct information sharing for reasons of “security,” even though open access to data and information is often the best defence. However, as Utsumi noted, this was a beginning of the process of discussion and policy formulation.

    After the two RSIS context speakers, we listened to three “keynote” speakers, each of whom gave brief talks: Dr Nitin Desai, Special Advisor to Kofi Annan on WSIS; HRH Princess Maha Chakro Sirindhom of Thailand; and Walter Erdelen, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences at UNESCO. These talks touched on issues of citizen-to-citizen communication and the “digital divide” (Desai), the lack of access to IT and concepts of sustainability in the IS (Sirindhom), and the environment (Erdelen).

    Dr Esther Dyson, the Founding Chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), was listed as speaking on “the promise of the Information Society and the role that science and technology have played.” ICANN is the organisation responsible for mediating domain names. They do not assign names, per se, but monitor the process and the circumstances. They have little power, but unfortunately are often seen, incorrectly, as responsible for the current morass over domain names. Dyson did not speak on the listed topic, but instead talked about the role of scientists themselves, rather than some monolithic “science,” in the future of the IS. She also emphasised that we cannot solve the problems of the Internet in a question and answer session.

    Finally, Ismail Serageldin, the Director-General of the Library of Alexandria, gave a PowerPoint presentation on the state of IT use at the Library. It is impossible to cover all of the material he (rapidly yet effectively) presented. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is making use of IT in many ways, and to a large extent (their website is Some of the problems and issues Serageldin identified for the RSIS were, to name a few:

    * effective and accessible publication and dissemination of information, specifically research and the results of research;
    * peer-review (or lack thereof for online publications);
    * copyright and “fair use” of online materials; and
    * Internet library loans.

    He discussed the rise of anti-science movements, particularly in the context of fundamentalist religious groups, and both here and in his talk he noted that these were not only Islamic but also Christian fundamentalist groups. Some approaches they used to try to counter such movements were:

    * the establishment of a BA science “supercourse”;
    * reaching children with “My Book”, which placed the child within the book designed and partly written by the child using online resources; and
    * the “Hole in the Wall” computer.

    This last approach was particularly interesting and revolutionary. The concept is to place a PC secured into a recess in a wall, using a transparent cover to allow visibility and access to the touch screen. Results showed that illiterate people, especially children and young adults, were learning to read by working their way through Internet connections. They would begin by using the symbols to guide their way, but would eventually learn to decipher at least in part the messages that accompanied those symbols.

    One unfortunate omission from the programme was the presentation by Tim Berners-Lee, who was delayed by a snowstorm in Boston, and did not arrive until half way through the second day of the symposium.

    “THE FUTURE: What the Scientific Information Society Can Offer”

    The next session was a bit of a misnomer. It was a mix of topics, ranging from GIS to technological access for urban and rural poor people to sociological aspects. The sociological paper was simply a written paper read aloud, with a singular lack of the use of any of the technology we had been discussing. The sociological presentation simply served to emphasise the growing gap between scientists and some social scientists, and made me uncomfortably aware of why the Sokal hoax had worked so well amongst the social science journals; the presentation was unnecessarily rife with jargon that obscures rather than informs.

    As an aside, for those unfamiliar with the Sokal hoax, Allan Sokal is a Professor of Physics at New York University who submitted a hoax article, “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity” to the journal Social Text. As the Skeptics Dictionary says (

    The article was a hoax submitted, according to Sokal, to see “would a leading journal of cultural studies publish an article liberally salted with nonsense if (a) it sounded good and (b) it flattered the editors’ ideological preconceptions?” It would. Needless to say, the editors of Social Text were not pleased.

    What Sokal was attacking was the view amongst some social scientists that “physical reality” is a social construct, whereas the existence of an external “world” is an underlying premise in science. There is insufficient space to explore this issue adequately here, but the reader is referred to the many websites dealing with the Sokal “affair” (especially, e.g., and, and Sokal’s own site (

    [ Amato writes at length of the Sokal Affair in sokal text: another funny thing happened on the way to the forum; and it is discussed in Kilgore’s review of Technoscience and Cyberculture, and Ciccoricco’s Contour of a Contour, eds. ]

    In that session, nonetheless, were two presentations that stand out in my mind, those by Lida Brito, the Minister of Higher Education, Science, and Technology for Mozambique, and Onno Purbo, an engineer from Indonesia. Purbo talked about how to “Facilitate Fast and Self-Propelled Internet Access: Return to Society,” a presentation that was shifted from the second day into the first day’s programme. His presentation was, in many ways, a useful counterpoint to Serageldin’s, in particular the “Hole in the Wall” PC, noted above. Purbo obtains PC’s at low cost, usually sold cheaply or donated by large companies that are upgrading their computing systems. These PC’s are then made available in “classrooms” placed in poor urban and rural areas so that the local people can use the computers. They also learn to use the Internet. Purbo provides access by, as he put it, “stealing” open frequencies. He uses antennas ingeniously constructed from old tin cans; these are sufficient to provide the signal needed. He uses open source software, and emphasised that mass education is the key to providing a basic education to the broad populace.

    His presentation also served to emphasise that education is crucial for informed and useful access to the Internet. Too many people, of whatever socio-economic level, “surf” the Net without any thought about the “information” they are obtaining. The websites they access are often a source of disinformation and misinformation. However, this also serves to reinforce the democratic nature of the Internet. We cannot control how people use the Web, and the fact that there are hundreds of sites devoted to Elvis may or may not be a sad commentary on our society, but it nonetheless also serves to show us how uncontrollable the Internet is.

    I present the Elvis example, one noted at the meeting, not to denigrate the use of the Internet and the Web for such purposes. What it shows is that new technologies have become new instruments of entertainment, when the hope was that they would become self-directed teaching tools. My main point is that during many of the RSIS sessions, a number of our “elder statesmen” (and they were almost all male) talked about “control.” They seek to control access, information flow, and the development of the Internet. In this way, our “leaders” show their fundamental ignorance of this creature. I emphasise, again, Berners-Lee’s description of the Internet as a fractal and chaotic thing.

    Brito’s presentation was, in contrast, a passionate “wish” list of what she would like to do and see happen, both in Mozambique and beyond. Her list was focussed around the themes of wider literacy and ” relevant ” knowledge.

    The session ended with a panel discussion, ostensibly “Reflections on the Role of Science in the Information Society.” The participants each gave a short presentation, with a very brief period at the end for discussion. Most were much as expected, and a number were largely political in nature. One exception was Juergen Renn, of the Max Planck History of Science Institute and ECHO (European Cultural Heritage On-Line), who was concerned that the “core of cultural heritage is largely excluded from information technology” and noted how ECHO was formed to address this. He also briefly talked about the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. (The full declaration can be found at: While the goals of the declaration are laudable, a number of participants were concerned about the lack of copyright protection, citing cases where work done by researchers in developing countries was plagiarised by researchers in developed countries.

    So concluded the first day of the conference. A number of us noted a general lack of self-criticism in most of the presentations. There was a lot of vague language and abundant use of clichés, much “looking to the future” and long wish lists. The most exciting presentations, for me, were the ones that discussed concrete examples of taking IT to the broader populace, often in quite revolutionary ways, in all of the meanings of that phrase.


    I attended the session on “Contributions to Environment.” Other sessions were on Education, Economic Development, Health, and Enabling Technologies. All of these sessions had quite active online forums for discussion in the months leading up to the RSIS and WSIS symposiums, and the forums can be reviewed at the RSIS website. Most of us contributed to more than one online discussion group, but attended only one parallel session.

    In the Environment session, most of the presentations focussed on technical and management issues. David Williams of EUMETSAT talked about the Global Earth Observation Systems and Strategies, focussing on data management and the move toward an Integrated Global Observation Strategy (IGOS), which seeks a comprehensive integrated effort. Such a move needs a “shared strategy,” and involves the participation of the UN, international scientific and research programmes, space agencies, etc. They seek to develop a common approach to surface and satellite observations. The international weather observation and forecasting network is one successful example where a common strategy and approach has been developed. Williams had many interesting and pithy quotes: “The world is full of data and short on information” is probably my favourite.

    Patricio Bernal, of UNESCO and the IOC, talked about the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS). There are regional GOOS “alliances.” New Zealand, where I am based, is a member of one such regional alliance. Bernal noted, however, that there needs to be an adaptation of international norms for data sharing to facilitate the further development of GOOS. This was a common theme that arose a number of times during the Environment parallel session, specifically, and the RSIS more generally. There are often conflicting protocols for sharing data and information and, as Williams’ quote illustrates, a set of data is not always usable information.

    Josef Arbacher of the ESA talked about Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), a programme for monitoring of regional development, management of risk, and the guidance of crisis management and humanitarian aid. The ESA aims to have full capacity by 2012-2015. The EU will be spending 628 million euros in the 2004-2006 fiscal period, rising to 5005 million euros by the 2007-2015 period. Again, the issue of data sharing and accessibility arose, in addition to questions of data verification and transparency of the process.

    Stuart Marsh, of the British Geological Survey Remote Sensing Group, talked about Geohazards and the IS. He noted that citizens are the ultimate beneficiaries, and suggested that there are three main user groups of geohazards information: “responsible authorities”, scientists in monitoring and government agencies, and research scientists. They have different needs, e.g., baseline inventory of hazards, monitoring, rapid dissemination of information during a crisis, etc. He noted, as did the others in the session, the need for an integrated approach from surface to space, and the need for but difficulty in bringing together the different types of data. Again, this raised the issue of data management. Marsh’s presentation also highlighted, however, the gap in our knowledge about the scientific literacy of our public “authorities.” Those responsible may well be local or regional officials who are far removed from those who gather and use the data/information. These officials may have no understanding of the processes involved, and their concerns may in fact run counter to the actions that should be taken to avert a crisis. The current crisis in South Asia in the wake of the tsunami illustrates many of these concerns. An early warning system was not in place because of the cost (both for the infrastructure development and for ongoing support) and because of the lack of technical expertise to staff such an enterprise.

    This illustrates a major gap in the entire RSIS - there was little or no consideration of how we get technical information to the public officials and to the wider population. The entire issue of scientific literacy was glossed over, and instead most presenters focussed on those who were trained to use the data, when, as I noted earlier, most people are using the Internet in an undirected and uninformed way, so that they are unable or unwilling to distinguish “good” reliable information from poor quality “information” or even from reports that were consciously devised to misinform the “public.”

    After Marsh, Stuart Salter, who leads the Species Information Service (SIS) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), gave probably the most thoughtful of the Environmental presentations. He discussed “appropriate technologies.” As an example to start off his talk, he mentioned an emergency in Belize where large volumes of vaccine were required, but which went bad because of a lack of refrigeration. Those providing the vaccine were unaware of such a lack; it never occurred to them that large parts of the world still lack refrigeration. He used this to highlight the problem when a network of scientists (who he described as “free spirited individuals”), give “information” that needs to be organised in a common format and then propagated up and out into the community. His premise was that complex ICT systems could allow a simple “front end” and often can be configured by users to suit their purposes. He noted the need to change the “paradigm” whereby scientists visit a country, do their research, then leave and publish the results, leaving no net results in the visited country. He emphasised the need for using scientists in regional networks, working in existing well-functioning scientific and conservation networks. Then the data are vertically integrated in a relational database, using a GIS format. This is the mode of operation used successfully by the SIS for decades. The data are controlled by the scientific community, and the quality of the data is overseen by Specialist Groups, of which there are 128 in the SIS. The data are continuously updated. The SIS has thus grown from existing networks, rather than imposed from outside, which explains why it has worked so well.

    Finally, Luigi Fusco of the ESA talked about “Emerging Technologies for Earth Observation and Environmental Applications.” He used as his example the wreck of the tanker “Prestige” off the northwest coast of Portugal and Spain. He noted that the satellite data were insufficient to be used alone, and that a wide range of technologies and their associated data, from surface through to satellite observations, needed to be integrated in a complex information management system. This theme of the need for integration of different types of data and information from a range of technologies and scales of observation arose again and again throughout the session.


    The closing sessions were in two parts: a series of summaries of the thematic parallel sessions were presented, followed by a “panel discussion,” closing remarks from the Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and then the “Key Message” from the RSIS, presented by the Director-General of CERN. Given that the “Key Message” did not differ at all from the text circulated before the RSIS meeting, many of us wondered why we had spent two days talking about the various issues. We concluded that the greatest benefit may well arise from the creation of a network of individuals interested in the issues raised by the RSIS symposium.

    The session summaries raised some common themes and issues. One of the primary issues is the integration and sharing of data within complex structures, and the desire to get IT into rural and poor urban communities. The goal to fight illiteracy, generally, and scientific illiteracy, more specifically, is a major obstacle in the building of an Information Society, which requires the wider availability and use of IT, from tertiary institutions everywhere, not just in developing countries, to remote communities.

    Finally, the panel discussion amounted to little more than prepared statements from “elder statesmen” (men without exception, all elderly except for Tim Berners-Lee), and was perhaps symbolic of much of the meeting. Berners-Lee spoke for two minutes and encapsulated the essence of the Internet and the Information Society better and more succinctly than any other speaker. It is decentralized and “fractal” in its nature, and inherently uncontrollable and ungovernable. Yet so many of the politicians on the panel, for most were politicians, used outmoded and outdated paradigms and language in their politically motivated speeches. They kept talking about “governance” of the Internet and IT. I can only conclude that our political “leaders” have little or no idea about the Internet tiger they have by the tail. It is fundamentally an anarchic, often revolutionary creature, one that will refuse to be confined and controlled.

              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 05-23-2014 with Jahsonic        

    Prefuse 73- Pagina Dos - Prefuse 73 Reads The Books
    Jahsonix- Rosa Vinyl - First Flight
    Mirah- Goat Shepherd - Changing Light
    Tycho- Montana - Awake
    Fatima Al Qadiri- Shanghai Freeway - Asiatisch
    Thievery Corporation- Le Coeur feat Lou Lou Ghelichkhani - Saudade
    Loopa Scava Meets Cayetano- Up And Down Feat Pelina - Up And Down
    Beastie Boys Santigold- Dont Play No Game That I Cant Win feat Santigold - Hot Sauce Committee Part Two
    Clutch- The Regulator Acoustic Basket Of Eggs - Blast Tyrant Deluxe Edition
    Soundgarden- Halfway There - King Animal Deluxe Version
    Chronixx Kabaka Pyramid- Mi Alright - Rising Sun Riddim
    Thao The Get Down Stay Down- The Feeling Kind - The Feeling Kind EP
    Warpaint- Feeling Alright - Warpaint
    Kye Kye- People - Single
    Various Artists- Get Uptight Man - HiFidelity Dub Sessions
    Vybz Kartel J Capri- Mamacita - Rvssian Riddim EP
    Crystal Fighters- At Home - Star Of Love
    Tensnake- Love Sublime feat Nile Rodgers Fiora - Glow
    Moby- I Love To Move In Here - Last Night
    The Black Keys- Year In Review - Turn Blue
    Little Daylight- Siren Call - Hello Memory
    Them Crooked Vultures- Bandoliers - Them Crooked Vultures Bonus Track Version
    Siouxsie The Banshees- Mirage - Once Upon A Time The Singles
    Franz Ferdinand- Youre The Reason Im Leaving - You Could Have It So Much Better
    Prince Fatty- For Me You Are feat Hollie Cook Horseman - Prince Fatty Versus The Drunken Gambler
    Coco Steel Lovebomb- Yachts - Htel Costes Etage 3 Mixed By Stphane Pompougnac
    Beats Antique Illgates- Alleyway - Elektrafone
    Mirah- Radiomind - Changing Light
    Chronixx- Here Comes Trouble - Rootsman Riddim EP
    Tycho- Awake - Awake Single
    The Three Degrees- When Will I See You Again - The Best Of The Three Degrees When Will I See You Again
    Thievery Corporation- Shadows Of Ourselves - The Mirror Conspiracy
    Los De Abajo- El Indio - Single
    Various Artists- Tom Y Joyce Vai Minha Tristeza - JET SOCIETY 18TH ST LNG
    The Black Keys- Weight Of Love - Turn Blue
    Santigold- Disparate Youth Jacuzzi Remix - Jacuzzi Remixes
    RAC- Cheap Sunglasses feat Matthew Koma - Strangers Pt II
    Orphic- Groove Train - Fractal Beach

    playlist URL:
              Who *isn't* afraid of Alzheimer's?    I have found microglia interesting to learn about in the past, and have written here, here, here, here, and here, about their proposed relationship to pain.

    Yesterday I saw a news story about researchers in Germany who carefully studied the relationship between microglia and neurons undergoing Alzheimer-like changes in mice, Dangerous custodians: Immune cells as possible nerve-cell killers in Alzheimer's disease,
    and was immediately intrigued.

    An advance online publication of the paper, Microglial Cx3cr1 knockout prevents neuron loss in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease, is freely accessible, at least for now.

    That stressed neurons exude the chemokine, fractalkine, or that this substance attracts microglia,
    isn't fresh news. Like a bunch of little cellular opportunists, microglia catch the "scent" and begin moving toward it. Like any bunch of scavengers converging on a picnic, in this case, the amyloid-β forming and piling up, they also secrete/excrete (while gorging and multiplying, I suppose). What they signal/secrete/excrete isn't really explained, but what is news, is that it, or else just the sheer numbers of microglia converging, apparently sickens the affected neurons even more, kills them, according to this story.

    In the paper, the authors, Fuhrmann etal., state,
    "In Alzheimer's disease, microglia represent a double-edged sword. On the one hand, microglia can have a beneficial effect by secreting neurotrophic factors and phagocytosing amyloid beta (Aβ)2, the latter of which remains controversial3. On the other hand, microglia may also be neurotoxic4. Little is known about the neurotoxic role of microglia in Alzheimer's disease. Human peripheral blood monocytes that are stimulated with Aβ induce neuron loss in vitro5. Neurons cultured without microglia are resistant to Aβ-induced neurotoxicity6."
    The authors decided to interfere, genetically, with the receptors in the microglia that allow them to sense fractalkine; CX3CR1,
    "the unique receptor for fractalkine/CX3CL1, which is expressed in neurons and presumably acts as a membrane-bound adhesion molecule and/or cleaved chemoattractant and is important for recruiting CX3CR1-expressing microglia to injured neurons9, 10."
    They managed to show that it was definitely the microglia causing the neuron death, not any other factor. Furthermore, knocking out the ability of microglia to "smell" fractalkine didn't seem to interfere with their ability to clear the amyloid material associated with Alzheimer's. Moreover, the same treatment of the microglial receptor gives inconclusive results in other kinds of conditions - only in Alzheimer's does it seem to be a helpful intervention.

    Supplementary information for this paper.

    Fuhrmann, M., Bittner, T., Jung, C., Burgold, S., Page, R., Mitteregger, G., Haass, C., LaFerla, F., Kretzschmar, H., & Herms, J. (2010). Microglial Cx3cr1 knockout prevents neuron loss in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease Nature Neuroscience DOI: 10.1038/nn.2511
              Fractals, brains, Pi        
    A fellow-traveler on SomaSimple found this blogpost, Fractal Thoughts on Fractal Brains by David Pinkus, an interesting sequence of thoughts spurred by an open access article, Broadband Criticality of Human Brain Network Synchronization.

    The word "fractal" always conjures up in my mind an image of the Norwegian coastline, then another little tidbit that always has stuck with me, about pi,
    "Pi also appears as the average ratio of the actual length and the direct distance between source and mouth in a meandering river (Stølum 1996, Singh 1997)."

    From the blogpost:
    "The design, results and context for this study are very sophisticated, and the implications are quite abstract. So I’m going to do my best to be clear. First the context: Many natural systems exhibit fractal organization and behavior. A fractal is a branchlike structure. Think of a tree: (1) Trees have many more small branches than large ones. This characteristic is also sometimes called a “power-law” or “inverse power law” or a “1/f” organization. Each of these terms means that there are exponentially more small branches compared to big ones. (2) Trees are “self-similar,” meaning that small branching patterns resemble larger ones. This characteristic is also sometimes called “scale invariance” or “scale free” because no matter the size you are looking at, the general branching shape is the same. (3) The complexity of tree branching patterns can be quantified. Fractals are called “fractals” because they exist in fractional dimensions. A line fits perfectly in one-dimension. A plane (like a piece of paper) fits in two-dimensions. Fractals fit in between a line and a plane (or in the real world between two and three dimensions). More simply, because they are so complex, with huge numbers of tini tiny branches, trees never quite reach three dimensions. If you put them in a box, there will always be some space left over.

    You may quickly recognize that many other natural structures besides trees are fractals: Neurons, rivers, the respiratory system, the circulatory system, geological fault lines, snow-flakes, and so on."

    As if fractal form doesn't sound complex enough, there is fractal behaviour, apparently:

    "Natural systems also produce fractal behavior over time or in dynamics. Earthquakes are a common example. There are many more small earthquakes than large ones (which is nice by the way). Other examples include the size of extinction events in animal species, numbers of academic publications (a few researchers do huge amounts of work and the rest of us do just a little), numbers of hits to web-sites, wait times in stop-and-go traffic, and word usage in literature (i.e., zipf’s law)."

    Fractals as verbs as well as nouns. I've often thought of the brain as more verb than noun.
              Happy New Year!        

    New-Year themed fractals in PostgreSQL

    The post Happy New Year! appeared first on EXPLAIN EXTENDED.

              5 Favorite 43 Folders Podcasts, 2006        

    43 Folders Podcast

    O'Reilly and Associates logo, detail

    I'm a far from prolific contributor to the personal podcasting scene, but 2006 brought several episodes of the podcast that people seemed to enjoy and that I'm pleased to have made.

    If you're new to 43f's podcast (subscribe for free) or just want to amble down memory lane with me, here's my five favorite episodes from this past year. Unexpurgated, unedited and, as ever, featuring candid depictions and the occasional swear; because sometimes productivity talk is just NSFW.

    1. The Perfect Apostrophe - (MP3)

      powered by ODEO
      In terms of the amount of feedback I've received, and for my own personal reasons, this confessional commentary on procrastination (and why the godforsaken O'Reilly book never got written) is my hands-down favorite. To this day, I get amazing notes from people about this one.
    2. The Richard Scarry Book of the Future - (MP3)

      powered by ODEO
      2006 was the year in which I really grokked that knowledge workers aren't issued hats to identify what we each do. Each of us has the opportunity to define our job plus the challenge to manage all career inputs and outputs. Each of us is the untrained traffic cop for our life and career. This was the most downloaded episode of the year (grabbed ~75k times).
    3. It’s just a cup - (MP3)

      powered by ODEO
      Avoid fractal productivity spirals by learning to see your productivity system no differently than your morning coffee. When a ritual become invisible -- requiring a minimal amount of effort and maintenance to adequately get the job done -- you know you've got something right.
    4. Productive Talk Compilation: 8-episode podcast with GTD’s David Allen - (MP3 | Enhanced M4A)

      powered by ODEO
      It was a thrill and a pleasure to hang out with David Allen for a few days, so, at least for me, the mini-podcast series that resulted from our meetings was gravy. That said, over the course of this 90-minute mp3, David had more fresh and useful and telling ideas to share about GTD than I'd heard collectively in the 3 years since I read his book. So grateful that he shared his time so generously.
    5. First-time Sex & the Beauty of 1.0 - (MP3)

      powered by ODEO
      This episode from September was one of the most popular episodes this year (owing in part, no doubt, to its salacious title). But, I'd like to hope the point won't be missed, because it applies far beyond software and "productizing" -- there's no indignity to not being perfect the first time. Plus, sometimes, seeking simply not to end up crying in an emergency room can make for a surprisingly romantic third date.

    Subscribe: Subscribe to the 43 Folders Podcast on Subscribe to the 43 Folders podcast in iTunes add to my PodNova

    43 Folders icon ”5 Favorite 43 Folders Podcasts, 2006” was written by Merlin Mann for and was originally posted on December 29, 2006. Except as noted, it's ©2010 Merlin Mann and licensed for reuse under CC BY-NC-ND 3.0. "Why a footer?"

              Un libro doblemente felino        

    Un libro doblemente felino:
    Catorce vidas de María Ángeles Pérez López
    Por José Ben-Kotel

    ‘Solo el misterio nos hace vivir, solo el misterio’, escribió García Lorca en una de sus gacelas del Diván del Tamarit. Pero en el caso de este libro la claridad sin claroscuros nos hace entrar en la maraña legible de estos poemas que se nos van descubriendo como el cuerpo desnudo en las sombras. Para asombrarse y venerar la palabra y sus actos fueron escritos; están llenos de sentido y de cuerpo amado, en la tierra y en el légamo que dejan en el lector para que siga reverberando con ellos, vivo en ellos. En estos encontramos una voz que viene de lejos, tan de lejos como los primeros pasos del Ser; y a la vez son de ahora, de este tiempo en que es el amor al sujeto amado nos rescata y nos descubre y nos lleva a estar de cuerpo entero en el cuerpo del poema – el amado –  para vivirlo en plenitud. He ahí el fuego y la fragua de estos poemas.
          Hay un estilo Pérez López en esta poesía; una originalidad de signo y significado, imbricados en la madeja de la poeta que teje sus poemas combinando arte y artesanía. La llaneza de su poética no significa superficie, es profundidad del pensamiento de la médium que es la poeta; camina con acento propio en este bosque de hoy – su poesía – y en los páramos de ayer. La travesía de su habla viene de allá, y de este ahora que la poeta imbrica como una hilandera que continúa perfectamente su trazado desde un tiempo remoto, haciéndolo actual. La arquitectura de este corpus es como si los versos perfectos fueran olas que van y vienen en la construcción de su casa, que es la Casa del Ser, y del sujeto amado: el poema. Eso es lo que hay en Catorce vidas: la libertad de ser amada/o y a la vez vivencia del acto de amar en todas sus consecuencias.
           A éste lo vive, y sobrevive,  –  gozosa  –  la escriba de estas historias y su continuum. Usa, como si fuera médium, el elogio al amor en su obra, para de ese modo encaminarlo a la perfección del verbo y la palabra. En ellas encontramos la consagración de su entrega en cuerpo y alma a la carnalidad del poema y los esposos.
        Ritmo, melodía, connotación, denotación poéticas desde un lenguaje erudito, en apariencia simple, pero – gracias a su clarividencia – alejado de lo académico. Es sabido que cada poeta es su propio estilo; Pérez López se nos sale de ese paradigma; ella es todo estilo posible es… Voz ‘mundana’ en el propio sentido del término, y voz sublime, pero que aparea como los primeros místicos que gozaban en cuerpo y alma el don del otro, de la otra sin vacilaciones ni culpas ni mecanismos de defensa. Es un rasgo esencial en la poesía de Pérez López  descubrir ese hallazgo que nos acerca y que nos lleva hacia lo pretérito. Poesía al amor, al acto/coito de amor, amorosa en su rebeldía y revelación de Eros en el ‘paisaje de lo que uno ama’. Poesía de cuerpo, corporal, de la sublimación del poema/cuerpo. Elogio a la vida a través/por medio del cuerpo del poema: verbo y carne son unánime en  Pérez López. Éste tiene su aire, llega al corazón, al cuerpo de lo amado, al epicentro del lector: sin lectores el poema no tiene vida, y sin poesía el Ser se queda sin hálito vital.
          He ahí el quid de la poesía de Pérez López, nos da vida cual madre/amada generosa, como nos la sigue dando Gabriela Mistral; en ambas poetas hay una poesía de la tierra y para el polvo, el enamorado y el que nos cubre. La poeta le descubre al lector el sentido de la vida: amar y ser amados en toda su belleza y consecuencias, cotidianas y de las otras.
          En los fluidos del poema  â€“  de estos poemas  –  van los fluidos del Ser, del cuerpo hecho poema transgrediendo la noción del decir religioso. La religión que hay en la poesía de Pérez López es la del cuerpo amado, de la mujer que ama con todas sus consecuencias sin caer en el abismo de la separación de género. Ninguno está sobre el otro. Su poesía/poema es una cópula perfecta en contenido y forma, en texto y contexto, en textura y tesitura. Hay situación binaria en ellos y a la vez cosmogónica, o fractal.
          Catorce vidas es una aventura, y ventura, que es permanente. En ellos hay una ‘revolución permanente’ que va más allá de esa ‘totalidad’ porque el poema sobrepasa cualquier red que lo atrape. En Pérez López la poesía no es un reflejo del poeta sino su consecuencia. Me explico, no es su Yo el que existe en éstos; va más allá de la individualidad: la poeta es voz tribal, por lo que la copulación, lo copulario es de todos: supervivencia de la especie, del poema. Una iluminación con luz y discurso propio. Su poesía es un poema de amor al Uno, al Todo: es la ‘Casa del Ser’.
          Memoria de ahora, no de ayer. El amor se vive en la poeta en presente, en ‘cuerpo presente’. No como religión sino como geografía y gramática y morfología. Convierte, subvierte, ‘pervierte’ el signo de la lengua y a la lengua la vuelve signo; es decir, transgresión.
          Una poesía que no tiene adjetivo; ningún poema debe tenerlo, si es que no le da vida a éste. Huidobro siempre tiene que estar cerca. O es poema, o no lo es.
       Catorce vidas que son siete – doblemente felinas – es la posteridad y un unánime palpitar.
        “He leído el cuerpo de su poesía”, le habré dicho en algún momento a la poeta.
          Ahora os invito a leer las Catorce vidas de María Ángeles Pérez López, en cuerpo y alma. Hay misterio en ellos, claridad, magisterio. Viajes a la semilla.

    Silver Spring, marzo 2013

              José Paredes/Instantes decisivos/Fabulaciones        

    José Paredes
    Instantes decisivos

    No todo es espejismo en la vida

    Mire hacia el jardín. Recolecte lo que su vista avizore. Sea como el capitán de un barco que observa por su binocular. Como las olas vaya a la lejanía, vuelva a la cercanía; guíese por ese vaivén. Esté así hasta que entren en el ojo de su mira las velas de un barco enemigo. Imagíneselo así. Y verá al gato que se pasea silencioso  por el pasto del jardín en búsqueda de una presa posible. Los gatos no buscan el imposible, me entiende; solo el hombre cae en esa utopía. Lo verá extender su cuerpo ya cerca de su presa; cuerda en tensión como las del universo (piense en la teoría de las cuerdas). El gato se verá como una bella extensión – tensión – de las cuerdas de un violín, su propia piel. (No olvide que la canción de los violines viene hecha de la piel de estos felinos). Escuchará silencio de muerte sobre el césped y lo verá con paciencia de chino esperar no el descuido de su presa sino el momento justo de dar el salto. El tiempo, su tiempo, es eterno. No tiene prisa; usted, tampoco se apure. No corra  para llegar al final. Siempre lo sabemos. Si no lo sabe, mire para otro lado. Y verá el barco y su velamen espléndido dentro de las pupilas del felino enfocadas al enemigo. Y verá de nuevo al gato negro a punto de dar el salto – o abordaje – mortal. La mariposa revolotea alrededor de la flor sin saber su fin que se le aproximará en segundos, y más rápido que la velocidad de la luz; al igual que la nave ya salida del cuadrante, del horizonte, surcando el espacio infinito. Nosotros tampoco sabemos cuán veloz dará el salto mortal ese antepasado – o antecedente – de los tigres. Lo que sí tendremos claro es que él usa a la perfección las tres reglas de un cazador: tiempo, espacio, disparo de la lente. Es lo que debe hacer usted cuando se siente a escribir, a meditar, a acariciar al objeto, o sujeto, de su ensueño: ¿Vio el salto? No. ¿Ve a la mariposa? No. ¿Qué hace el gato? Saborea con su lengua fina su acto perfecto. ¿Y después? Camina – con ese orgullo y belleza que solo un gato tiene después de una victoria –  hacia el otro lado del jardín donde otra víctima lo espera. Bien puede ser usted, o el ‘desocupado lector’ que lee estas líneas.
    Coda final: No todo es espejismo en la vida; menos cuando se trata de gatos en el jardín. Tampoco se olvide de la sorpresa cuando trabaje de cazador en las interlíneas de sus páginas.

    Una tarde de ensueño

    Si la tuvo, fílmela. ¿Vio al zorro rojo ocre cruzar a la velocidad del relámpago ante su vista y saltar experto el arroyo de unos siete o más metros de ancho? ¿Lo vio o no lo vio? Estaba adentro de su vista, de su visión o del ensueño que le daba el calor de la tarde. Fue así, ¿no? Pues de-construya el hecho paso a paso si es que puede salir de la admiración que le produjo el hecho; de ese modo se hará parte viva del relato y no será un escriba pasivo. Recuerde que sin emoción – tensión – no funcionamos; póngale algo de pasión, tal vez suspenso a su recuerdo y verá que tendrá a mano una historia creíble. Si no es así, será puro cuento y la vida no es así, aunque se trate de elaborar una ficción. Un hecho fortuito no conduce a nada. Hay que elaborar, como un artesano moldea el madero, la piedra, la greda, la vasija: les dá vida con sus manos, con su aliento, con el entendimiento. O como una madre acomoda al niño a su seno, el amasijo a sus manos y la abuela el horno de tierra al fuego. Ellos nos dan energía vital para seguir caminando por la existencia. Se fija que nos salimos del asunto; pero no se incomode. Una cosa lleva a la otra; no le tema al asombro. Entienda que lo lineal a veces es más distante; no le tema a la curva, recuerde que el tiempo del universo no es rectilíneo. La línea es una sucesión de puntos que a la vez son convexos. Lo que hay que hacer, en todo caso, para que su recuerdo tenga una verisimilitud – plausible diríamos – no debe apartarse ‘un punto de la verdad’. Nunca. Volvamos a la velocidad del zorro rojo que atravesó de súbito su paradigma. No siempre se es testigo de un milagro de ese tipo en la vida; más si se es de ciudad. (Lo sabe, o lo intuye; las dos acepciones son válidas, no se incomode por pensarlas). En las ciudades no se viven esos milagros a no ser que una bella, o bello, de ensueño se le cruce en el camino y lo deje sin habla. Claro que iba paso a paso pensando en esa posibilidad antes de tenderse a reposar en el prado del parque. Y de repente – no de detrás de un árbol, como en el tango – sino del espesor del bosque pasó volando una flecha roja. Es lo que piensa en el sueño de la tarde; ¿pero fue así? Piense antes de describir el hecho que los dejó perplejos de alegría a usted y a su amada que caminaba a su lado. A lo mejor su memoria lo recuerda de otra manera. Era invierno; el verde estaba cubierto del blanco de la nieve y a través del blancor – de su sueño o la nieve – vio a la cola del zorro relumbrar en el resplandor de ese rayo que volaba apenas a ras de tierra y del aire. Piénselo bien, y después describa el suceso o la evolución del acto de volar de su imaginación o del bellísimo zorro que su cruzó en su paseo: Tal vez en el del sueño; tal vez, en la realidad de ambos. ¿Ve que puede ser distinto el relato de ese ayer? En todo caso, vuelva al presente y cuéntelo como mejor le quede; no se salga del punto de su mira, a no ser que le sea imprescindible para no desviarse de la senda, y se pierda en los senderos que se bifurcan. Qué es lo que le dejó la belleza del salto asombroso – que no era al vacío – que le quedó grabado en los sextantes de su filmadora, en la película que está viendo muchos años después. Fue la extensión de su cuerpo, la velocidad de la luz que iba en su impulso, o el ser testigo de un hecho imprevisto que después de años aún lo mantiene meditando en la belleza de ese pequeño sol rojo que le dio una alegría a su ensueño mientras caminaba al lado de su enamorada/o.
    Coda final: La vida es realidad y sueño; el uno lleva a lo otro, como el infinito nos lleva a un fin que no sabemos ni vislumbramos.

    El impulso binario

    La hélice de la memoria, dice usted. Pero no todo está allí. No hay que caer, de nuevo, en el todo o nada; si lo hacemos caeremos de nuevo en el abismo. No lo hay. Estamos. Somos el abismo y vamos en caída libre. En caída suspensa, diría yo. Como quiera, aunque no es cuestión de pareceres. Las cosas son o no son. ¿Y lo que hay entremedio del son y del ‘noson’? Es para los eruditos. Si ve bien… no; si mira bien verá que el blanco no es blanco, el negro no es negro y así en todo. No se vaya a las razas. Me refiero a los colores. Es una primera impresión. Fíjese; si ahondamos en la mirada veremos los matices. Como lo sabemos, lo binario tiene otras consecuencias; para llegar a otro estadio hay que salirse de ese impulso, de esa pulsación que viene del corazón. ¿Lo escuchamos bien? El sonido o su decir. He ahí el asunto. Nos dice más del golpe uno, del golpe dos. En el sístole, en el diástole hay más contenidos, como en la palabra pan. Usted se refiere a las significaciones. Claro, las reverberaciones. Sigamos la evolución de Miles Davis y entenderemos mejor los pulsos, los impulsos, las revoluciones. Y también escuche el palpitar de su amada/o y verá claramente los colores del sonido.
    Coda final: El impulso primario viene en la memoria; lo binario en las acciones, es decir en nuestras pulsaciones.

    Balance y armonía

    Si piensa en patentar una historia en que el balance y/o la armonía deben tener el protagonismo, se está poniendo en una camisa de fuerza. El balance y la armonía son dos fuerzas que se atraen, y distraen, de una manera imprevisible, y podríamos decir, justificar, que tienen una atracción fatal; van al lado la una de la otra pero no juntas, manteniendo las distancias; aunque depende lo que se quiera conseguir con cada una de ella. Si es un relato, o correlato, de superficie puede ser bueno optar por la primera acepción. Si opta por la otra solución, la belleza tal vez, tendrá que buscar o el sonido del silencio o la armonía de la ‘clave silencio’ que hace que la música tome forma y cuerpo. Verá que es fácil; mas, al tanto se dará cuenta que son manifestaciones opuestas que están al borde de ser de un lado o de otro. Es como una cuestión de ‘opción de vida’, me entiende, ¿no?; y me sigue en el relato. Se puede medir y no, si la historia fuera lineal. Si cae en esa trampa, no podrá salir. La linealidad es un invento de los torpes. Si se fija, incluso la línea recta no lo es; un bosque menos; la anatomía de los cuerpos tampoco. Los idealistas buscan ese ‘santo grial’; seguirán buscando ad aeternum. Hay que cobijarse en el nuevo paradigma; la medición fractal. ¿Conoce esa teoría revolucionaria? Búsquela; no tiene que ir tan lejos: está en frente suyo. Créame, aunque no sea creyente. Dentro de esa nueva manera de medir el balance y la armonía de las cosas, e incluso los sujetos, entramos a un nuevo modo de visualizar el mundo que nos rodea. Y entenderá, que la emoción no es algo medible ni cuantificable. Es lo que busca – si entiendo bien – en querer inventar una forma de medir los estadios emocionales de sus historias para que sean verosímiles. La verosimilitud es algo que tiene que ver con el lector, decodificador de mensajes, más que el método en sí mismo. Una puede existir a la par de la otra. Pero usted no se debe olvidar de la sustancia, de la savia de los árboles, del sabio de su aldea. Que adónde voy con toda esta oscuridad. Pues al meollo del asunto que nos ocupa. Recuerde la fábula del maestro pescador, y tendrá las claves para usar el silencio entre las líneas de sus páginas.   
    Coda final: El balance y la armonía limitan entre el tiempo, el espacio y el silencio; el lejano y el de la despedida o la visualización de ‘lo más bello sobre la oscura tierra. […], lo que uno ama’.

              Possibili spunti di flame. Mi aiutate?        
    …è da parecchi giorni che voglio scrivere qualcosa, ma non ci son mica riuscito.
    Siccome ho parecchi argomenti che mi frullano per la testa e su cui vorrei dire la mia e non riesco a schiodarmi, propongo un elenco (ma si accettano suggerimenti, così poi faccio una classifica).
    flameCosa mi consigliate?

    1. Kaeel risponde ad Anonymous, irridendo
    2. Quanto dice l’AGCOM ve lo meritate tutto (nel culo), stronzi
    3. Ribadire a chi ha insegnato “vota 4 sì” che la sua utilità nella società è pari a quella che la calvizie ha per i barbieri
    4. Intanto che starnazzate sull’ennesimo scandalo inutile, vi siete dimenticati che si votava per l’abolizione delle provincie e i vostri beniamini sapete cos’hanno fatto?
    5. Un po’ di derisione nei confronti della vostra politica energetica “illuminata” (LOL)
    6. Finisco qualche guida inutile su sincronizzazione e recupero di dati da Symbian, prima che sparisca dalla circolazione
    Si accettano ulteriori suggerimenti (che già vedo sono arrivati su facecul e skype… danke!)

              ãƒ—ジョー「Fractal Concept」、最初に見た時S660かと思った        
    プジョーからは「Fractal Concept」というオープンのEVが出展される。ショー用のコンセプトカーらしく素晴らしい近未来感だ。
    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオープンリア画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオープンリア画像、近未来的な塊感のあるデザイン、一見S660かと思った(失礼)、プジョー得意のリア部分塗り分けデザインとなっている、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のスペック

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」の中身はEVとしても興味深いが、オーディオやマンマシンインターフェースに新しい試みが見られる。

    車両モニター:Samsung Gear S smartwatch連動、Peugeot i-Cockpit、7.7インチモニター
    オーディオ:9.1.2 sound system、前mid/high-rangeスピーカー×3、tweeter×2、woofers×2、subwoofer×1、後mid-range×2、tweeters×2、woofer×1、14チャネル1600W

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」の外観画像

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のクローズフロント画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のクローズフロント画像、フラクタクルというだけあって多面体で構成されるボディー、外観上のギミックはそれほどでもなくなかなか素晴らしいデザイン、タイヤホイールの存在感が素晴らしい、画像はネット上から拝借

    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のクローズフロント画像その2、上方から見るとバブルトップのルーフとなっているのが分かる、全体的には4m未満の小さな車だが存在感があるデザイン、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のクローズサイド画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のクローズサイド画像、リアフェンダーとテール周りはFN2シビックType-Rのような印象もある、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオープンサイド画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオープンサイド画像、オープンにすると表情が一変するのが面白い、リアウィンドウも無くなり4座?のオープンカーとなる、車高は70mmから110mmまで調整可能、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のクローズリア画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のクローズリア画像、後ろ姿はこんな車見たこと無いって感じの仕上がりだ、リアのバンパー下が少しゴチャゴチャしている、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオープンリア上方画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオープンリア上方画像、どうやってルーフを格納するのか分からないがひょっとするとトランク部分に格納されるのだろうか、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のリアタイヤ画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のリアタイヤ画像、タイヤはブリジストンのエコピアを履く、サイズは19インチ、ちなみにBMWのi3は155/70R19だった、たぶん同じサイズだろう、細くて大径タイヤはEVに限らずこれからのトレンドでもある、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」の室内画像

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のシート画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のシート画像、このシートの形状は衝撃的だ、室内の白くてボコボコした部分は無響仕上げとなっているためだ、この車のメインテーマはオーディオなのだ、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のインパネ画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のインパネ画像、わりあいあっさりとしたコックピット、足元は広々だ、メーターパネルは遠目には普通っぽい、ステアリングは四角い形状で一応センターマークが付く、センターコンソールとシートが一体になっている、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のセンターコンソール画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のセンターコンソール画像、丸い突き出た部分はオーディオコントロールのようだ、7.7インチのディスプレーが埋め込まれPeugeot i-Cockpitを構成している、画面にはオーディオの状態が表示されている、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」の技術説明画像

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のパワートレイン説明画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のパワートレイン説明画像、リチウムイオン電池は40kW/hの容量を持ちセンタートンネル内設置される、前後のアクスルにモーターが1個づつ配置され4WDとなっている、制御系はリアのトランク部分に格納される、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオーディオ説明画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のオーディオ説明画像、「9.1.2サウンドシステム」と名付けられたオーディオシステム、計14チャネル1600Wの出力、スピーカーが多けりゃ良いというものでは無いが一度聞いてみたい、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」のスマートウオッチ説明画像
    ↑ プジョー「Fractal Concept」のスマートウオッチ説明画像、Samsung Gear S smartwatchと連動して各種コントロールができるのが今時、でもこの時計でないと出かけられないのは困ると思うのだが、EVはますます家電化が進む、画像はネット上から拝借

    プジョー「Fractal Concept」はなかなか力の入ったコンセプトカーだ。比較しては申し訳ないがS660のコンセプトカーはチープな出来栄えだった。


              4-ply Chain        
    Fellow spinners, have you heard the chatter this past season about 4-ply chain-plied yarn? I did, and I thought I would try it out on the thin singles of alpaca-corn fibre (ingeo) I had spun up on the wheel.  It seemed like an interesting way to try and balance the evenness of the final yarn when my singles were not consistent (and I blame the fibre/roving/blend for some of that).
    Spinning singles in progress

    The basic process is straightforward if you've chain plied before. The only difference is that you work from two singles and alternate which single is chained.
    In theory this could be done at the wheel. I've chain plied at the wheel (and on the fly with my spindles) many times using long chains.  However, I wasn't up to the task of trying to alternate chained singles as I plied.  I chose to work a plying ball in advance, and even then I wish I'd done things a little differently to keep the two bobbins separate. For example, I should have used two shoe boxes spread apart to make sure the two plies wouldn't start wrapping around each other.  I also wish I hadn't tried this with a yarn that already had a lot of twist in it. I was reminded that I should really find a way to keep tension on my bobbins (a brake band of sorts) when plying.  In short, I only prepared several meters of chained 4-plies before I decided I should take my sample to the wheel and test if I even liked the plied result before I continued with the full bobbins.

    I did like the result of a nice fingering weight yarn. A multi-ply yarn certainly helps in balancing out uneven singles. However, I really did not enjoy the process of preparing the plying ball.  I decided to keep things simple for the rest of this yarn and whip up a couple bobbins of 2-ply instead so I could move on to other projects.  Other than making a more consistent finished yarn, there wasn't a lot of interesting benefit to using the technique with this yarn and it wasn't as simple as a 3-ply chained yarn.

    Knit sample of the chained 4-ply, ball of 4-ply, and 2 full bobbins of 2-ply lace.
    I'm quite happy with the lace yarn.

    I'm still thinking of the chained 4-ply opportunities with colour work. The effort could certainly be worth it to play with colour, like a type of fractal yarn. I'd need to get more colours in my stash to try it out, although for a fractal I'm imagining you wouldn't want to alternate which thread is chained. I'd be interested, for example, in keeping one thread different and single while chaining the other.  Hmm, thoughts. I have some playing to do, even if it's with different fibres. Next time, however, I won't work with high-twist singles and I will keep my bobbins separated.

              Spirals, Recursion and Math - Part 2        
    Here's part 2 of the 2-part series on mathematically-inspired shapes and images, such as recursion, fractals and spirals.

    WAP site URL:

    View all sizes.

    Doyle Spiral

    Doyle Spiral -- from Flickr user fdecomite
    License: Attribution

    Menger Sponge

    Menger Sponge -- from Flickr user fdecomite
    License: Attribution

    Fractal Image

    Fractal Image -- from Flickr user SantaRosa OLD SKOOL
    License: Attribution

    Time Spiral

    Time Spiral -- from Flickr user gadl
    License: Attribution/Share-Alike

    Twisted Sunset

    Twisted Sunset -- from Flickr user fdecomite
    License: Attribution

    Blue Spiral Staircase in Berlin

    Blue Spiral Staircase in Berlin -- from Flickr user extranoise
    License: Attribution

    iPhone Recursion

    iPhone Recursion -- from Flickr user kowitz
    License: Attribution/Share-Alike


    Mandelbrot -- from Flickr user Stephen Witherden
    License: Attribution

    Lighthouse Spiral Staircase

    Lighthouse Spiral Staircase -- from Flickr user Beatrice M
    License: Attribution/Share-Alike

    Spirals on Blue

    Spirals on Blue -- from Flickr user tanakawho
    License: Attribution

    Creative Commons LicenseUnless otherwise noted, all content on this blog is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
              Spirals, Recursion, and Math - Part 1        
    This week we have part 1 of a 2-part series on mathematically-inspired shapes and images, such as recursion, fractals and spirals.

    WAP site URL:

    View all sizes.

    Parisian Spirals

    Parisian Spirals -- from Flickr user Mzelle Biscotte
    License: Attribution/Share-Alike


    Fractals -- from Flickr user SantaRosa OLD SKOOL
    License: Attribution

    Recursive Legs

    Recursive Legs -- from Flickr user Cirofono
    License: Attribution

    Recursive Daisy

    Recursive Daisy -- from Flickr user gadl
    License: Attribution/Share-Alike

    Green Spiral Staircase

    Green Spiral Staircase -- from Flickr user Ksionic
    License: Attribution/Share-Alike

    Fractal Streamers

    Fractal Streamers -- from Flickr user edwin_young
    License: Attribution

    Spiral on the Beach

    Spiral on the Beach -- from Flickr user Jef Poskanzer
    License: Attribution

    HTML DOM Graph

    HTML DOM Graph -- from Flickr user Haiko
    License: Attribution

    Fun with Godel Escher Bach

    Fun with Godel Escher Bach -- from Flickr user gadl
    License: Attribution/Share-Alike

    Indra's Pearls / Doyle Spirals

    Indra's Pearls / Doyle Spirals -- from Flickr user fdecomite
    License: Attribution

    Creative Commons LicenseUnless otherwise noted, all content on this blog is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
              SILENCE! #100        
      BLANK FRANK IS THE MESSENGER OF YOUR DOOM AND YOUR DESTRUCTION Happy Birthday to SILENCE! Happy Birthday to SILENCE! You look like  a monkey and you smell like…Brian Blessed’s beard…? I think that’s how the song goes anyway. It is the return of original and best of the Narratorbots, Disembodied Narratorbot X-15735! No fractal [...]
              Skybase – “Take That Thing Off My Couch” Music Video        
    Music video for myself: “Take That Thing Off My Couch” by me. Used After Effects and Premiere CS6, fractals were achieved using Artmatic 5. And just on that… here are some screencaps from the animation.
               Phenomenology of glider collisions in cellular automaton Rule 54 and associated logical gates         
    Martinez, G. J., Adamatzky, A. and McIntosh, H. V. (2006) Phenomenology of glider collisions in cellular automaton Rule 54 and associated logical gates. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 28 (1). pp. 100-111. ISSN 0960-0779 Available from:
              FRACTAL - 4k StormLapse        

    Connect with me on these social media channels for more stuff like this:

    The ingredient based explanation for supercell thunderstorms cites moisture, wind shear, instability and lift as the reasons for their formation. I prefer to focus on the big picture. Supercell thunderstorms are a manifestation of nature's attempt to correct an extreme imbalance. The ever ongoing effort to reach equilibrium, or entropy, is what drives all of our weather, and the force with which the atmosphere tries to correct this imbalance is proportional to the gradient. In other words, the more extreme the imbalance, the more extreme the storm.

    This collection of timelapses was gathered over the last six years from Texas to North Dakota and everywhere in between. The project started out as wanting to be able to see the life-cycles of these storms, just for my own enjoyment and to increase my understanding of them. Over time, it morphed into an obsession with wanting to document as many photogenic supercells as I could, in as high a resolution as possible, as to be able to share with those who couldn't see first-hand the majestic beauty that comes alive in the skies above America's Great Plains every Spring. After more than 100,000 miles on the road and tens of thousands of shutter clicks later, this is the result. I hope you enjoy watching it as much as I enjoyed creating it.

    Keep an eye out for a much longer version of FRACTAL, hopefully on a much larger screen. If you have any ideas regarding distribution to that end or would like to license my work for your own project, please contact me.

    I love teaching people about storms and severe weather and how to safely document them. Feel free to email me if you have any interest in joining me for a chase. June is by far the best time to go out, as the storms are more photogenic and slow moving than any other month.

    I'm always open to any sort of work outside of storm season. Let's create something! Open to all inquiries:

    Chase on.


    "Big whirls have little whirls that feed on their velocity, and little whirls have lesser whirls, and so on to viscosity." - Meteorologist Lewis Fry Richardson ("Weather Prediction by Numerical Process." Cambrige University Press, 1922)

    This quote sums up perfectly what I've come to realize about weather and storms over the past 10 years of studying, forecasting and chasing them, and the part that I find most fascinating. On each scale level from synoptic-scale, which covers areas the size of multiple states, all the way down to micro-scale, which could be an area as small as your backyard, the fluid which we call air abides by the same universal physical laws of nature and thus acts in a very similar manner and patterns.

    A cold front, for example, is a phenomenon which is widely understood to mean a large scale line of advancing cold air, hundreds of miles long, along which supercell thunderstorms sometimes form. Within these smaller storm-scale environments, something called a rear-flank gust front forms on the southern end of the low pressure area of the mesocyclone, where the rain cooled air wraps around. This is effectively a storm's cold front. The cool air is more dense than the warm air, and because of this, advances into the region of lower density, just like the larger cold front on which the storm formed.

    The stunning supercell storm structure we see is along these relatively small, storm-scale cold fronts. This is what forms the "hook" on radar. Here, just as with the larger scale weather systems, the wedge of denser cool air at the surface meets the warm, moist, buoyant air in front of a storm, forcing it aloft and through the cap where the potential energy is realized. Given the right conditions, this development can be explosive.

    While Richardson's quote is more regarding turbulence than thermodynamics, his theory from nearly 100 years ago that our atmosphere behaves as a fractal has turned out to be spot on. A "top down" transfer of energy and behavior occurs, resulting in a Russian nesting doll of smaller scale systems that bear a striking resemblance to the larger.


    I would like to offer a special thanks to my good friend Kevin X Barth who helped me edit this together, and found some semblance of a story arc in many disparate pieces. Kevin is an amazingly talented and creative artist in his own right, having won an Emmy as the editor of the ESPN 30 for 30 film WHEN THE GARDEN WAS EDEN. Check out his website if you're looking for an excellent editor or director for your project:

    A big thanks to Tom Lowe as well, without whom I would probably still be trying to figure out what an intervelometer is. Tom is the mastermind behind Timescapes, the revolutionary timelapse film from a few years ago. He was kind enough to share his wealth of knowledge, as well as some camera gear.

    Cast: Chad Cowan and Kevin X Barth

    Tags: storm, stormlapse and timelapse

              Libre circulación global de personas        
    Europa 2015. Nada de coches voladores y viajes estelares. De nuevo cientos de miles de personas caminando para cruzar alambradas de espino. Otra vez el miedo poniendo puertas al campo, rayas en el mar y lágrimas bajo los muros. En los países opulentos se sigue alimentando una fantasía desarrollista mientras el mundo colapsa ante sus ojos sin siquiera saber cómo interpretarlo. Una cultura comercial e invasiva nos distrae y nos debilita para entenderlo y para afrontarlo. Décadas de crecimiento prometían otra cosa en todo el mundo pero en lugar de ello es precisamente la búsqueda del crecimiento económico por sí mismo, relegando otros fines, el que nos trae nuevos problemas. ¿Cómo explicarlo?

    Los emigrantes - Antonio Rocco
    Por lo general las personas cogen cariño al lugar en el que crecen. Aunque deseen emprender viajes que les sirvan para conocer otros lugares, aprender y disfrutar temporalmente de ellos, normalmente no quieren huir de su lugar de origen. Cuando grandes grupos de personas desean abandonarlo suelen hacerlo obligados por las circunstancias. Pero la libre circulación de capitales y de mercancías, con las consecuencias sociales y ambientales que esto implica, no se acompasa con una libre circulación de personas. No nos engañemos: son libres los mercados y sus flujos, y las personas sólo son "libres" para insertarse en ese contexto como agentes del mercado, en la medida en que puedan hacerlo en un mercado siempre insuficiente.

    Hay una injusticia sistemática en este proceso disimulada por la lógica económica de nuestro tiempo, una programación con fines ajenos al mejoramiento de la vida. La inversión procedente de otros países se considera siempre un bien cuando en realidad a menudo equivale a la llegada de un alienígena depredador. Es necesario traer al presente una historia de explotación colonial que a día de hoy sigue condicionando el devenir de muchas regiones así como hacer emerger una realidad actual de explotación comercial.

    Esa autonomía transnacional de los capitales sin un control político equivalente por parte de ciudadanos igualmente autónomos ha dejado a los estados convertidos en meros proveedores a los que se puede presionar y cuyas élites venden baratos los recursos y los servicios, (un verdadero camino de servidumbre o de esclavitud). También ha dado lugar a un endeudamiento masivo de la población y de muchos estados (que tendrán que desmontar sus sistemas públicos). Si a esto unimos
    la consecuencia de todo ello es una huida masiva de personas que de otro modo no desearían huir. Huyen de la violencia y de la miseria quienes desearían mejores oportunidades para contribuir de alguna manera a la prosperidad humana.

    …La miseria, ese vergonzante criterio para determinar si alguien es un refugiado o un inmigrante, como si la vulneración de los derechos económicos no fuera una vulneración de los Derechos Humanos, (artículos 22 a 26). Pero, claro, los derechos humanos sólo se ensalzan parcialmente, hipócritamente, sólo algunos, sin buscar realmente su cumplimiento sino utilizarlos como excusa para desestabilizar algunos estados, (sólo algunos), y sin buscar una estabilización democrática posterior. Al final del proceso entraremos con todo, y el subsuelo fósil será más barato, accesible y controlable.

    Ahora los gobiernos europeos están utilizando los telediarios para poner de moda la idea de que la culpa es de las “mafias” que trafican con personas. Pero en realidad esa actividad, una mera consecuencia, no es más que el funcionamiento normal de un mercado no regulado. Son emprendedores cubriendo un nicho de mercado sin la injerencia de regulaciones estatales que pongan trabas burocráticas -y de paso, un poco de humanidad- a sus agencias de viajes. Sus beneficios atestiguan la fría pertinencia comercial de su actividad -¿La incluimos en el PIB junto a la prostitución y el tráfico de drogas?-, y algún espíritu del capitalismo acabará premiándoles con un paraíso fiscal. A partir de ahí, convertidos en rentistas partícipes de algún fondo de inversión, podrán pasearse como gente de éxito, elegidos para el bien productivo, y nadie les considerará mafiosos. Es la autorregulación de los mercados.

    Otra idea que se destila continuamente es el supuesto peligro de que entre estos viajeros vengan personas con fines violentos, como si estas no hubieran llegado siempre por medios legales o incluso nacido en los propios países desarrollados. Pero si decidimos ver las restricciones al movimiento de personas como la respuesta óptima a la violencia, acabaremos encerrados en nuestra propia casa, totalmente vigilados y pidiendo visados para cruzar la acera, (haciendo prisionera a la sospechosa población inocente y manteniéndose libres los verdaderos responsables).

    En realidad son antídotos informativos contra la compasión, argumentos acomodaticios para justificar la indiferencia. Mientras sigamos pensando en parches abordaremos los mismos problemas una y otra vez. Necesitamos un cambio de paradigma económico y un cambio en la política internacional. El mundo está adentrándose en un tiempo difícil que puede volverse muy oscuro si no tomamos conciencia y no reaccionamos con sabiduría y profundidad.

    Todo está interrelacionado y no podemos escapar a los dramas que provocamos en otros lugares. Lo mismo ocurre con los desastres ambientales que no manchan nuestro jardín. ¿También pondremos alambradas y muros al clima? ¿Cuál será el número de refugiados climáticos? Somos eco-dependientes e inter-dependientes y la salud del planeta y de quienes lo habitan influye en nuestra propia salud. Al contrario de lo que sostenía la dama ferruginosa, (aquello de que no existe la sociedad), quienes somos de carne y hueso tendremos que asimilar que no existen los individuos.

    Probablemente el peor legado de Adam Smith sea el propio título de su obra más conocida, La riqueza  de las naciones. En esos dos términos incluidos en el título se revela el mal esencial de los tiempos que le sucedieron. Se asume como propósito social incuestionable la búsqueda de riqueza, y se plantea un escenario para su búsqueda: una tierra dividida en parcelas de propiedad que rivalizan por el mismo objetivo. A partir de ahí se abre una discusión sobre lo acertado o lo errado de sus propuestas para lograr esa riqueza pero se da por hecho que ese propósito y ese escenario son los que dan contenido a nuestro ser en el mundo, definen los parámetros por los que será valorada cada sociedad. La herramienta conceptual con la que nos interpretamos está formada por esas dos variables: la ambición económica y la idea de división/rivalidad para su búsqueda, (una separación que permea toda la sociedad de modo fractal: continentes, naciones, empresas, barrios, familias, individuos). Se trata de una trampa que llevamos con nosotros puesto que reside en los conceptos con los que interpretamos la realidad. Las lentes condicionan lo que vemos sin ser vistas. La mirada se olvida de las lentes mientras analiza lo que ve.

    Cambiemos de lentes. Si el objetivo social pasa a ser la felicidad conjunta, empezaremos a interpretar lo que vemos de otra manera, porque ya no nos fijaremos en los mismos detalles y leyes de la realidad; no observaremos cómo afecta cada suceso al crecimiento económico sino cómo incide en la felicidad y en su futuro; observaremos otros fenómenos. Por otra parte, si comprendemos que, más que depender del entorno social y natural, estos vínculos nos definen y nos constituyen, entenderemos que nuestra felicidad depende de cómo sea ese entorno en el que nos desenvolvemos y nos integramos; entenderemos la conexión, o más allá, la unidad esencial de todo lo que nos rodea y nos ha dado forma; seremos más ecólogos que especistas; buscaremos optimizar esa felicidad que crece al compartirse, y no un poder individual o nacional, siempre supremacista y excluyente.

    Si favorecemos la prosperidad de quienes viven en la miseria, todos nos veremos favorecidos; ese entorno inclusivo y saludable será beneficioso también para nosotros. Lejos de los mantras neoliberales como el de que nos conviene luchar entre nosotros por las migajas que derramen los más afortunados, o como el de que tenemos que pasar hambre para prosperar, todo el mundo sabe que quien se ha criado en buenas condiciones, quien no ha pasado penalidades y ha recibido buena educación y atenciones tiene muchas más posibilidades no sólo de prosperar sino de poder aportar algo valioso a la  sociedad, (en lugar de dedicar todo su tiempo sólo a sobrevivir en algún sitio, o en lugar de ser blanco fácil para el reclutamiento fanático). Es algo tan obvio que se necesita mucha inversión en propaganda política para desmentir esta verdad. Quienes piden no dar peces sino enseñar a pescar (y de paso lograr servidumbre prestando la caña) a menudo son de los que más han experimentado las virtudes de una buena herencia, (aunque siempre tengan a mano algún ejemplo contraintuitivo y espectacular con el que explicar la excepción como si fuera la norma). Quizá sea verdad que un exceso de mimo heredado perjudique la salud mental, (como en el caso de estos ideólogos de la represión económica), pero una insuficiencia básica lastra cualquier futuro y nos priva a todos de lo que este podría aportarnos.

    El refugiado - Felix Nussbaum
    ¿Realmente queremos un mundo con futuro o sólo servidumbre y privilegios entre alambradas que nos separen de las guerras, la miseria y los vertederos que los vencedores crean a extramuros? La política internacional es parte de la política que nos afecta localmente. Si bien un gobierno global, podría convertirse en otra institución represora, (pues ese tipo de instituciones han funcionado alejadas de la ciudadanía, ajenas al control democrático y manipulables por los grandes capitales y su cabildeo), sí necesitamos algún tipo de fiscalidad transnacional y alguna forma de fiscalización ecológica global a las que contribuyan el mayor número de pueblos que sea posible y que se gestionen democráticamente, algo que no puede hacerse desde el actual descontrol de capitales que chantajean a los gobiernos. La globalización de los mercados sin una correlativa globalización del control político ciudadano juega en contra de la extensión de la democracia y mina su poder decisorio allá donde existe convirtiendo el mundo entero en un mercadillo de naciones, meras sirvientes de un capitalismo insaciable. En algún momento tendremos que sustituir el mito del comercio como pacificador intercambio de intereses, (y en realidad conflicto de intereses), por el cultivo de verdaderas relaciones, trabajadas mediante una comunicación real y un apoyo mutuo.

    Si de verdad queremos que la población no tienda a concentrarse en los mismos lugares donde se concentra la riqueza, proporcionemos paz, suficiencia y cultura libre como horizonte vital en todo el mundo. Sin pedir nada a cambio, sin deuda, sin imponer servidumbre ni facilidades comerciales para quienes ya están bien instalados. O quizá bastara con parar la rapiña global. Dejemos de proclamar que queremos siempre más y ayudemos a que todo el mundo pueda ser autosuficiente en su lugar de origen. ¿Como no van a intentar venir si estamos inmersos en la carrera por ver quién prevalece como potencia mundial aprovechando los recursos de los demás países? Si algo tiene un efecto llamada, (que deberíamos llamar efecto expulsión), eso es la expectativa de crecimiento. Los años de la burbuja inmobiliaria dan muestra de ello.

    ¿Cuáles serán las primeras democracias desarrolladas que se atrevan a cambiar sus lentes? ¿Cuáles entenderán antes que lo que cultivemos “ahí afuera” será lo que recolectaremos en el futuro? ¿Cuáles serán capaces de poner como objetivo una felicidad inclusiva para todos en lugar del crecimiento competitivo? ¿Cuáles serán capaces de cooperar políticamente en este objetivo aparcando la obsesión por el ranking y la rivalidad? La colaboración entre los partidarios de este planteamiento podría superar las malas artes de unos acaparadores que también compiten entre ellos.

    los verdaderos protagonistas de nuestra época

    En un mundo mejor una libre circulación de personas nos pondría en contacto con los efectos de nuestras políticas internacionales (o en su caso, con los efectos de nuestra dejadez política). Si de pronto un gran número de personas que vivían allende los mares o los montes se presentaran en nuestro barrio llorando por lo que han dejado atrás, tendríamos que interpretarlo como una alerta temprana, como un síntoma de que es hora de preocuparnos por lo que pasa en aquel lugar antes de que toda su población tenga que abandonarlo. El problema no es que vengan sino lo que ocurre en su lugar de origen, que hayan tenido que partir.

    La circulación global de personas es imparable. Hoy en unos sentidos y mañana quizá en los opuestos. La duda es si nos ayudaremos a ser libres o si continuará la represión mutua.

              This is what phylodiversity looks like        

    Following on from earlier posts exploring how to map DNA barcodes and putting barcodes into GBIF it's time to think about taking advantage of what makes barcodes different from typical occurrence data. At present GBIF displays data as dots on a map (as do I in But barcodes come with a lot more information than that. I'm interested in exploring how we might measure and visualise biodiversity using just sequences.

    Based on a talk by Zachary Tong (Going Organic - Genomic sequencing in Elasticsearch) I've started to play with n-gram searches on DNA barcodes using Elasticsearch, an open source search engine. The idea is that we break the DNA sequence into every possible "word" of length n (also called a k-mer or k-tuple, where k = n).

    For example, for n = 5, the sequence GTATCGGTAACGAACTT would look like this:



    The sequence GTATCGGTAACGAACTT comes from Hajibabaei and Singer (2009) who discussed "Googling" DNA sequences using search engines (see also Kuksa and Pavlovic, 2009). If we index sequences in this way then we can do BLAST-like searches very quickly using Elasticsearch. This means it's feasible to take a DNA barcode and ask "what sequences look like this?" and return an answer qucikly enoigh for a user not to get bored waiting.

    Another nice feature of Elasticsearch is that it supports geospatial queries, so we can ask for, say, all the barcodes in a particular region. Having got such a list, what we really want is not a list of sequences but a phylogenetic tree. Traditionally this can be a time consuming operation, we have to take the sequences, align them, then input that alignment into a tree building algorithm. Or do we?

    There's growing interest in "alignment-free" phylogenetics, a phrase I'd heard but not really followed up. Yang and Zhang (2008) described an approach where every sequences is encoded as a vector of all possible k-tuples. For DNA sequences k = 5 there are 45 = 1024 possible combinations of the bases A, C, G, and T, so a sequence is represented as a vector with 1024 elements, each one is the frequency of the corresponding 5-tuple. The "distance" between two sequences is the mathematical distance between these vectors for the two sequences. Hence we no longer need to align the sequences being comapred, we simply chunk them into all "words" of 5 bases in length, and compare the frequencies of the 1024 different possible "words".

    In their study Yang and Zhang (2008) found that:

    We compared tuples of different sizes and found that tuple size 5 combines both performance speed and accuracy; tuples of shorter lengths contain less information and include more randomness; tuples of longer lengths contain more information and less random- ness, but the vector size expands exponentially and gets too large and computationally inefficient.

    So we can use the same word size for both Elasticsearch indexing and for computing the distance matrix. We still need to create a tree, for which we could use something quick like neighbour-joining (NJ). This method is sufficiently quick to be available in Javascript and hence can be computed by a web browser (e.g., biosustain/neighbor-joining).

    Putting this all together, I've built a rough-and-ready demo that takes some DNA barcodes, puts them on a map, then enables you to draw a box on a map and the demo will retrieve the DNA barcodes in that area, compute a distance matrix using 5-tuples, then build a NJ tree, all on the fly in your web browser.

    Phylodiversity on the fly from Roderic Page on Vimeo.

    This is all very crude, and I need to explore scalability (at the moment I limit the results to the first 200 DNA sequences found), but it's encouraging. I like the idea that, in principle, we could go to any part of the globe, ask "what's there?" and get back a phylogenetic tree for the DNA barcodes in that area.

    This also means that we could start exploring phylogenetic diversity using DNA barcodes, as Faith & Baker (2006) wanted a decade ago:

    ...PD has been advocated as a way to make the best-possible use of the wealth of new data expected from large-scale DNA “barcoding” programs. This prospect raises interesting bio-informatics issues (discussed below), including how to link multiple sources of evidence for phylogenetic inference, and how to create a web-based linking of PD assessments to the barcode–of-life database (BoLD).

    The phylogenetic diversity of an area is essentially the length of the tree of DNA barcodes, so if we build a tree we have a measure of diversity. Note that this contrasts with other approaches, such as Miraldo et al.'s "An Anthropocene map of genetic diversity" which measured genetic diversity within species but not between (!).

    Practical issues

    There are a bunch of practical issues to work through, such as how scalable it is to compute phylogenies using Javascript on the fly. For example, could we do something like generate a one degree by one degree grid of the Earth, take all the barcodes in each cell and compute a phylogeny for each cell? Could we do this in CouchDB? What about sampling, should we be taking a finite, random sample of sequences so that we try and avoid sampling bias?

    There are also data management issues. I'm exploring downloading DNA barcodes, creating a Darwin Core Archive file using the Global Genome Biodiversity Network (GGBN) data standard, then converting the Darwin Core Archive into JSON and sending that to Elasticsearch. The reason for the intermediate step of creating the archive is so that we can edit the data, add missing geospatial informations, etc. I envisage having a set of archives, hosted say on GitHub. These archives could also be directly imported into GBIF, ready for the time that GBIF can handle genomic data.


    • Faith, D. P., & Baker, A. M. (2006). Phylogenetic diversity (PD) and biodiversity conservation: some bioinformatics challenges. Evol Bioinform Online. 2006; 2: 121–128. PMC2674678
    • Hajibabaei, M., & Singer, G. A. (2009). Googling DNA sequences on the World Wide Web. BMC Bioinformatics. Springer Nature.
    • Kuksa, P., & Pavlovic, V. (2009). Efficient alignment-free DNA barcode analytics. BMC Bioinformatics. Springer Nature.
    • Miraldo, A., Li, S., Borregaard, M. K., Florez-Rodriguez, A., Gopalakrishnan, S., Rizvanovic, M., … Nogues-Bravo, D. (2016, September 29). An Anthropocene map of genetic diversity. Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
    • Yang, K., & Zhang, L. (2008, January 10). Performance comparison between k-tuple distance and four model-based distances in phylogenetic tree reconstruction. Nucleic Acids Research. Oxford University Press (OUP).

              Things I Never Knew Existed        
    I’ve always liked things like fractals and the works of M.C. Escher — the combination of mathematics and art holds a certain fascination for me. So I thought that this link to the Japanese Tesselation Design Association was really cool. That page reminded me of a book that my mom got me when I was a teenager. It was called Inversions, and it’s by a guy named Scott Kim. If anyone is interested, you can … Continue reading
              Selected Tweets #24: Sunspots, Fulgurites & Pathological Fractals        
    Illustrations from Opus mago-cabalisticum et theologicum – Georg von Welling [1719] Selected tweets from my Twitter stream @MrPrudence Group of Sun Spots and Veiled Spots – E. L. Trouvelot [1873]. Chromatic Drawings – Ivan Wyschnegradsky. Polyomino II – Jose Sanchez and students. Combinatorial patterns generated in Unity3D. Illustrations from Opus mago-cabalisticum et theologicum – Georg […]
              Fractal Design Introduces ‘Meshify C’ Mid-Tower Case        

    The embargo just lifted on Fractal Design‘s latest Meshify C mid-tower chassis. It is a bit of a departure from Fractal Design’s usually reserved and plain look, as the Meshify C features not only a weird name but a geometric pattern front mesh. It appears to be the spiritual successor to their extremely popular Define […]

    The post Fractal Design Introduces ‘Meshify C’ Mid-Tower Case appeared first on eTeknix.

              Freeform One - March 29, 2008        
    No script, no plans, just me talking. A freeform podcast, recorded late on Saturday night, March 29th, 2008. Topics include baseball, fractals, life n'at. Bit long, just over 28 minutes, but worth listening to (if you like hearing me ramble).
              Koe no Katachi Original Soundtrack - a shape of light        
    Koe no Katachi Original Soundtrack - a shape of light composed by Kensuke Ushio (牛尾 憲輔).
    Koe no Katachi Original Soundtrack - a shape of light
    Published By : Pony Canyon
    Release Date : 14 September 2016
    Catalog No. : PCCG-1542
    Number of Discs : 2

    Koe no Katachi (聲の形) or A Silent Voice is an School-Drama anime movie by Kyoto Animation studio. (ノ´ヮ´)ノ*:・゚✧ This movie was very popular in Japan. It can make money up to two billion yen within eight weeks. Now it is the highest-grossing film in KyoAni studio. ヾ(・ω・。)シ The story about love and relationships which had accumulated over the years. The background music and scene are really excellent, filled with colorful and beautiful locations. ヽ(。・ω・。)ノ Overall, it was great and made me cry a lot!

    My favorite song is Koi wo Shitano wa (恋をしたのは) sorrowful single performed by aiko a lovely singer and songwriter from Osaka. .+:。(ノ・ω・)ノ゙ Koi wo Shitano wa is used as anime main theme for "Koe no Katachi (聲の形)" movie.

    Disc 1
    1. tre
    2. inv (I.i)
    3. roh
    4. lvs
    5. inv (I.ii)
    6. rev
    7. inv (I.iii)
    8. lvs (var)
    9. thn
    10. lit
    11. bnw
    12. htb
    13. bll
    14. acc
    15. int
    16. flw
    17. mon
    18. maw
    19. inv (II.i)
    20. van
    21. inv (II.ii)
    22. inv (II.iii)
    23. sig
    24. aft
    25. inv (II.iv)
    26. flt
    27. prc
    28. pst
    29. inv (II.v)
    30. btf
    31. van (var)
    32. sus
    33. frc
    34. inv (
    35. qut
    36. svg
    37. slt
    38. Invention No.1 C dur (LastPart)
    39. lit (var)

    Disc 2
    1. heart beat
    2. round
    3. into the sparkle
    4. black and white
    5. (i can) say nothing
    6. night lights
    7. blue blur
    8. vignette
    9. narrow road
    10. welcome to the park
    11. is your hair real?
    12. laser
    13. macchina eko
    14. green
    15. sunlight
    16. sketch no.19
    17. sustain
    18. no one here
    19. your silent portrait
    20. fractal
    21. flare
    22. speed of youth
              Story: "Embedded", The Future Fire, 24/4/2016        
    Artwork by Miranda Jean
    A cascade of black and green 1s and 0s
    in waves and fractals
    Presenting: "Embedded", a cyberpunk noir story, now dropped at The Future Fire, with artwork by Miranda Jean.
    "Embedded" was written in my 4th week of Clarion under the watchful eye of N.K. Jemisin. I was challenged that week to write a type of story I wouldn't usually write, so I chose cyberpunk, mainly to take a chunk out of the alleged "masculine" history of the genre. I chose to write a social justice twist to the story because of many of the current issues pertaining to internet privacy, harassment and stalking, and how they affect queer people.

    Thanks to all my Clarion classmates for their feedback, to Nora for her help on making this story (and all my writing) better, and Djibril at The Future Fire for believing in the trajectory of this tale.

              engraved thistle rust        
    created from fractal formulas. R Louisell
              File Fractal (New)        
    Split normal and compressed files in places
    This package can split normal and compressed files in multiple places...


              Fractal Cypher - The Human Paradox (2016)        
     Artist: Fractal Cypher
     Genre: Metal
     Tracks: 9
     Price: $1.08
              Between the World and Ta-Nehisi Coates        

    Between the World and Ta-Nehisi Coates

    During the final session of the "Generations of Struggle" series at the New Orleans Public Library on June 15, 2017, we arrived at diverging opinions about two four-letter words ----hope and love. The catalyst was Ta-Nehisi Coates's Between the World and Me.

     As overlapping abstractions, hope and love may inspire some African American  readers to think of universal  virtues, to dwell ---however momentarily ---in a realm of ideals.  These readers are optimists.  They believe we can hear the harmony of liberty  above the cacophony of the United States of America.  We can hear the harmony if we are true to our God and to our native land.  The song "Lift Every Voice and Sing," co-authored by the brothers James Weldon and Rosamond Johnson, is an anthem, a hymn  of faith. The same readers faithfully embrace Arna Bontemps's admonition to hold fast to dreams.  Their thinking habits as dreamers  align them oddly with the Dreamers, who Coates describes at one point, as people who "plunder not just the bodies of humans but the body of the Earth itself" (150).  When African spirituality is integrated with New World religiosity, these Christ-haunted readers thrive. They are romantics.

    Among the readers in our group who occupy the middle of a spectrum, love and hope are philosophical possibilities not eschatological, historical givens.  The readers are as judicial as Jesuits.  They are tolerant.  They have compassion both for readers who are locked in bubbles of faith and routine and for readers who are bubble-busters, who reject rose-colored visions of what is actual.  They hear in Coates's appropriation of Richard Wright's superb lynching poem a warning against uncritical, unconditional embracing of hope and love.  They are aware of how Coates borrowed and modified the form and content of James Baldwin's "My Dungeon Shook: Letter to My Nephew on the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Emancipation" and "Down at the Cross: Letter from a Region in My Mind" (The Fire Next Time. New York: The Dial Press, 1963).  They do not worry that Coates is more "commercial" than Baldwin was (and continues to be).  They give passionate attention to Baldwin's claim that "it is not permissible that the authors of devastation should also be innocent.  It is the innocence which constitutes the crime" (19-20).  They weigh that claim against Coates's assertion that "The Dreamers will have to learn to struggle themselves, to understand that the field for their Dream, the stage where they have painted themselves white, is the deathbed of us all" (151).  They will neither pit Coates against Wright nor Baldwin against Coates in the discourse on systemic racism.  They are aware that systemic racism is blind and deaf and dumb in its rejection of civility, in its embrace of barbarity.  They know that the words guilt, hope, love, innocenceare unstable signifiers in a human being's descriptions of existence and choices of identity.

    At the end of the reader's rainbow that is remote from those who pursue either neutrality or romance are the strong readers who contend that discussions of hope and love are compulsively fractal.  They are relentlessly  critical of how Baldwin and Coates wrote jeremiads for the unregenerate.  They do respect how Coates and Baldwin, in greater and lesser degrees, championed the need for love of Self prior to love for the Others, but they do not believe that faith transcends Darwinian action or deep knowledge about the eternal struggle to combat the corrosive properties of all that dehumanizes.  They inhabit the region between the world and Coates and fill the void that plagues and limits Coates's book as equipment for living.  Those readers are my comrades.

    Jerry W. Ward, Jr.                            June 18, 2017

              "Afterword: Emergent Complexity and 'The The': Making Romanticism Count" "Romantic Number(s) Set 1"        
    April 2013

    "Afterword: Emergent Complexity and 'The The': Making Romanticism Count"
    "Romantic Number(s) Set 1"

    Maureen N. McLane
    New York University


    1.        I will take as an epigraph and perhaps an epitaph for this "set" of essays a question from Frege’s Foundations of Arithmetic, courtesy of Marjorie Levinson: “When we make a statement of number, what is that of which we assert something?”

    2.        Of romantic number: what is that of which our essayists have asserted something?

    3.         As a preliminary reflection on this first "set" of essays, and as an algorithmic operation performed on our essayists’ vocabularies, I offer here three word clouds, derived from each paper, followed by the mega- (or meta-)word cloud, the set of all sets (to invoke Wickman’s and Levinson’s turns to set theory, Bertrand Russell in particular): The Panel Word Cloud. (See Appendix for all word clouds.) As these word clouds suggest, Wickman, Levinson, and Brooke-Smith highlight some points of intersection and divergence in their consideration of romantic number.

    4.        Wickman and Brooke-Smith differently explore in their papers the relations between literature and geometry—viz. the status of geometry as a “national language” for the Scots (in Wickman), or the way Wordsworth (in Brooke-Smith) offers in his “dream vision of the survival of poetry and geometry, as represented by the allegorical figures of a shell and a stone” an “allegory of remediation.” So too these papers offer striking excavations (archaeologies, we might say) of conceptual preconditions and grids—as in the way geometry offers eighteenth-century thinkers a route out of the “ontological confusion” produced by “[a]lgebraic innovations,” “compensating visually for technical failures of calculation” (in Wickman’s account), or in the “media-less media theory” emergent in Brooke-Smith’s Wordsworth and Babbage. Drawing on formal language theory, Levinson frames a discussion of “number” (in Wordsworth, but by implication, not only) in terms of “name,” via the philosophy of reference. This is a new formalism, we might say, wholly other than the new formalism with which many romanticists might feel well acquainted. Brooke-Smith gives us a new medialism. Set theory makes its appearance in Wickman’s and Levinson’s inquiries—their work differently inflected by a genealogy running from Spinoza to the mathematician Georg Cantor to Deleuze and Badiou.

    5.        What is the set of romanticism and number? Of romantic numbers?

    6.        The word clouds suggest some provisional answers: the set of romantic number(s) includes Scottish geometry; Scott’s Badiou; many kinds of equations, problems, and operations; great webs; proper nouns; dream patterns; Wordsworth’s world; proper mathematical media. Numbers invoked include Zero, One, Two, a Million. (That these are not the same kind of number, that these invoke extremely different frames of reference, Levinson makes plain.) We encounter multitudes and singularities. An inquiry into romantic number has brought our essayists to consider number, measure, name, and medium. And so, in the spirit of their ranging inquiries, I will briefly turn to another lesson in number, measure, name and medium: offered by that great postromantic cohort, The Jackson Five—whose very name suggests a numbered singularity: TheJacksonFive.

    7.        I direct you to their 1970 hit, “ABC,” viewable/audible on YouTube in several iterations—not least their appearance on Dick Clark. (Or see this for a fuzzier version of the performance, with the words helpfully subtitled over the video.)

    8.        Consider the lyrics of the chorus:

    A-B-C . .
    Easy as 1-2-3
    Or simple as Do-Re-Mi
    Baby you and me, girl!
    In “ABC,” we encounter number as series—both finite and infinite series: ABC pointing to the finite series of the alphabet; 1-2-3 to the infinite set of real numbers; Do-Re-Mi to the notionally finite tones of the octave of a diatonic major scale. In the 4/4 pop meter of the song, the series become functionally equivalent sets: A-B-C = 1-2-3 = Do-Re-Mi = YOU AND ME. Items in a series, these sets are nonetheless bound and accounted for by the song’s rhythm, each series grouping working with (albeit syncopatedly) a 4/4 pattern, and each set consisting internally of three phonemes:
    A-B-C = 1-2-3 = Do-Re-Mi = YOU AND ME
    These serial sets point, we might say, to an erotic and phonemic surplus governed by musical measure: Baby you and me, girl!

    9.        In the Jackson Five’s “ABC” we have an infectious pedagogy of accounting—in which series is converted to, and comes out of, structure: out of the alphabet, the set of real numbers, the solfège of the octave. Each series is meant to point to a single set, to a conceptual unity: the alphabet, real numbers, the scale, erotic union.

    10.        I invoke The Jackson Five’s “ABC” because their song raises and rephrases, in another medial key, the questions preoccupying these essays: how to get from series to totality? To the One? Is “romantic number” a route to new forms, new questions, new horizons? Or a recapitulation of old transcendentalizations?

    11.        Wickman’s Galt’s geometry is a wholly other thing than Brooke-Smith’s Wordsworth’s phantasmatic Euclidean geometry, yet “geometry” in both papers raises the question of reckoning with wholes and with complexity. In Brooke-Smith’s Wordsworth, for example, we find poetry and mathematics proposed as two routes to totality. Are these geometries merely figural? Do they perform actually mathematical and philosophical work? As Wickman notes, “Romantic-era numbers, even statistics and simple arithmetic, were effectively tropological constructs. Two plus two equaled a red, red rose.”

    12.        These papers invite us to reflect: is the turn to number, and to mathematics—both in these essays and more broadly in our discipline—a rebuke to recent modes of historicism, a triumph of a different kind of formalism, and/or a way of submitting the historical to the askesis of a much longer, perhaps species durée? And/or might these mathematical turns, both in the romantic period and our own, be themselves historicized in productive fashion?

    13.        Wickman directs us through Galt’s Annals and Badiou to the problem of the One—“the irreducible complexity of the world, prompting intellectuals to seek a new basis on which to order experience.” The collective work of these essays suggests to me that romanticists, like many scholars, are increasingly interested less in the production of knowledges than in the logic of emergent complexity. We see in Levinson’s and Brooke-Smith’s papers sharp meditations on measure and number, recurrence relations, the possible scaling up of the world. As Brooke-Smith writes, juxtaposing Wordsworth’s and Babbage’s projects, “Like Wordsworth’s dream vision, Babbage’s thought experiment contains at its center an image of fractal organization: the spiral of the shell-poem and the exfoliating algorithm of the difference engine both repeat the same pattern at different levels of scale and complexity.”

    14.        An awareness of emergent complexity (what Brooke-Smith calls “emergent patterns of organization”) prompts in some thinkers (romantic-era and now) a resistance to totalization and even to formalization: this is one way to understand Wickman’s productively resistant Galt. Wickman’s essay suggests that while Scott’s prose fictions might be converted into (and reliant upon) equations, Galt’s fiction eludes such calculability and formalization: “In Waverley, national culture is the effect of narrative closure, the product of a classical equation in which 1 + 1 = 1: Edward Waverley plus Rose—two characters—equals one estate; England plus Scotland—two nations—equals one Britain. Galt, however, complicates this equation by adding narrative elements that, in great webs of narrative reciprocities, never wholly resolve themselves into one.”

    15.        And so we are moved in these essays from Galt’s refusal of “one” (of a premature totalization) to Babbage’s difference engine to Levinson’s Gertrude Stein: Stein who wrote in Tender Buttons: “The difference is spreading” (313). And Oh, the difference engine to me!—and to you: baby you and me, girl.

    16.        Wickman offers us, via Badiou, a vision of Romanticism as the great evental subtraction: Scott’s narrators, and by extension lyrically sublime egos, Napoleonic colossi, and other romantic phenomena, emerge as the fabulously achieved product of a subtracting and abstracting operation. “[O]ne might say that the narrator of Waverley initiates a kind of event by subtracting himself from the chaos of experience (and from the ‘great web’ of national and picaresque tales) and thus converts a welter of aleatory occurrences and character types into a legible ordering of history, a grand narrative of the etiology of modern Britain.” In Wickman’s account we get a sense of the latent radical potential in Scott’s historical arithmetic—“despite Scott’s reputation for ideological conservatism.” Here Wickman’s account of Scott aligns intriguingly with Lukács’s and with more recent inquiries into Scott, notably James Chandler’s and Ian Duncan’s.

    17.        Wickman’s excursion into Badiou’s subtracting operations raises a number of questions, not least: Are subjects of history sums or remainders?

    18.        Levinson might be seen to answer this question, at least for Wordsworth’s “She Dwelt Among The Untrodden Ways.” As she notes in her intricate reading of the poem, conventional readings of “She Dwelt” often note how “it brings forth a one remaindered by the labor of ascesis.” Yet this one is also specifically produced, in her account: “one aris[es] from a trio of naming functions: namely, apposition, pronominal substitution, and the proper name.”

    ---Fair, as a star, when only one
    Is shining in the sky!
    Only one.
    A One.
    One One.
    The one. But there’s a Tree, of many, one.

    19.        After reading Levinson on one as itself perhaps a proper name, we might return to Wallace Stevens, with his own caressed and salvaged vocabularies, his ceaseless inquiry into “naming functions.” In “The Man on the Dump,” Stevens offers a degraded series, emptied postromantic contents:

    The dump is full
    Of images. Days pass like papers from a press.
    The bouquets come here in the papers. So the sun,
    And so the moon, both come, and the janitor’s poems
    Of every day, the wrapper on the can of pears,
    The cat in the paper-bag, the corset, the box
    From Esthonia: the tiger chest, for tea . . .

    One grows to hate these things except on the dump. (184-5)
    Following Levinson, we should take Stevens’s “One” not as a third-person impersonal pronoun but as a proper name—a number substantialized into a subject: “One grows to hate these things except on the dump.”

    20.        What is it to work on romanticism? Is it to be One on the Dump?—

    Is it to sit among mattresses of the dead,
    Bottles, pots, shoes and grass and murmur aptest eve:
    Is it to hear the blatter of grackles and say
    Invisible priest; is it to eject, to pull
    The day to pieces and cry stanza my stone?
    Where was it one first heard of the truth? The the. (186)
    Before the one, the the; before the truth: the the; before the event, the definite article; before the noun, deixis; before the figure, the finger? The the.

    Appendix: Word Clouds

    Figure 1: Matthew Wickman

    Figure 2: Marjorie Levinson

    Figure 3: James Brooke-Smith

    Figure 4: All of Set 1

    Works Cited

    Chandler, James. England in 1819: The Politics of Literary Culture and the Case of Romantic Historicism. Chicago: U of Chicago P: 1998. Print.

    Duncan, Ian. Scott’s Shadow: The Novel in Romantic Edinburgh. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2007. Print.

    “The Jackson Five—ABC.” American Bandstand, Dick Clark. February 1970. MTV Jams. Web. 7 November 2012.

    “The Jackson Five—ABC.” With subtitled lyrics. American Bandstand. Dick Clark, February 1970. Web. 7 November 2012.

    Stein, Gertrude. “Tender Buttons.” Gertrude Stein: Writings, 1903-1932. Sel. Catherine R. Stimpson and Harriet Chessman. 1998. New York: Library of America. 313-355. Print.

    Stevens, Wallace. “The Man on the Dump.” Wallace Stevens: Collected Poetry and Prose. Sel. and with notes by Frank Kermode and Joan Richardson. New York: Poetry and Prose. 1997. 184-6. Print.

    Authored by (Secondary): 

    Parent Section: 



    NINES Discipline(s): 

    NINES Type(s): 

              Fractal Radiance        

    Final quilts measure 62" x 86" and 36" x 50".

              1928 Judul Skripsi/Tugas Akhir        
    Teknik Informatika, Manajemen Informatika, Sistem Informasi, Teknik Komputer, Teknik Elektro

    Bagi kawan-kawan sesama mahasiswa terutama jurusan Teknik Informatika, Manajemen Informatika, Sistem Informasi, Teknik Komputer, Teknik Elektro maupun jurusan-jurusan lain yang pendalaman minatnya mengarah ke dunia teknologi informasi / IT kadang untuk mendapatkan ide judul skripsi yang relevan dengan jurusan minatnya tersebut mungkin mengalami kesulitan. Apalagi bagi kawan-kawan mahasiswa yang masih blank belum kepikiran untuk mengambil skripsi wkwkwkwk… Bagi yang sering mondar-mandir ke perpustakaan kampus sih kadang agak terbuka wawasannya dengan melihat-lihat judul skripsi para kakak kelas. Paling tidak jika bagi mahasiswa yang belum waktunya untuk mengambil skripsi maka sebaiknya sudah punya ancang-ancang judul skripsi apakah yang akan digunakan nanti. Berikut ini ada beberapa judul-judul skripsi jurusan Teknik Informatika, Manajemen Informatika, Sistem Informasi dll yang bisa kawan-kawan jadikan sebagai acuan untuk menentukan judul skripsi/tugas akhir nanti. Hehehehe… siapa tau dari sekian banyak judul skripsi ini ada yang bisa dijadikan inspirasi untuk judul skripsi kalian.
    1. Aplikasi Pemesanan Rental Mobil Hafa Yogyakarta Dengan Layanan Web dan WAP
    2. Analisis dan Perancangan Sistem Informasi Pemasaran dan Persediaan Barang PT. Nycomed Amersham
    3. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Tender untuk Jasa Konsultan
    4. SET Analisa dan Perancangan Sistem Informasi Sumber Daya Manusia (SDM) PT. LEN
    5. Deteksi Muka Depan Manusia dari Sebuah Citra Berwarna dengan Template Matching
    6. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Pegawai PT. Stannia Bineka Jasa
    7. Perangkat Lunak Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Gizi pada Orang Sakit
    8. Analisa & Perancangan Sistem Monitoring Inventaris Barang PT. LEN
    9. Implementasi SMS gateway dengan menggunakan bahasa alami dalam sistem informasi perdagangan (Studi Kasus Toko Amanna)
    10. Studi dan Implementasi Konsep Business to Costumer dengan Teknologi M-Commerce berbasis WAP
    11. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Berbasis Web pada Perpustakaan Umum Daerah di Singaraja
    12. Sistem Aplikasi Try Out SPMB dan EBTANAS Berbasis Web Menggunakan PHP MySQL
    13. Aplikasi Logika Fuzzy untuk Prediksi Penyakit dengan Metode Criteria Decision Making
    14. Sistem Informasi Eksekutif untuk Perencanaan Tata Letak Anak Cabang Perusahaan (Studi Kasus Bank PD. BPR Bapas 69 Magelang)
    15. Membangun Aplikasi Pustaka (Pusat Data Informatika) Berbasis Web
    16. Aplikasi Algoritma Minimax pada Permainan Checkers
    17. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Penentuan Porsi Dana Investasi Portofolio dengan Model Indeks Tunggal
    18. Rancang Bangun Multiplayer Game Real Time Strategy Berbasis Macromedia Flash MX
    19. Menentukan Volume Produksi dengan Menggunakan Metode Sugeno
    20. Sistem Informasi dan Analisa Akuntansi di PT. Prima Cipta Informatika Yogyakarta
    21. Penentuan Lokasi Optimal untuk Distribusi Unit Pelayanan Kesehatan (Puskesmas) dengan Sistem Informasi Geografis di Kabupaten Sleman, DIY
    22. Rancang Bangun Sistem Informasi Geografis Daerah Pariwisata Propinsi Bali Berbasis Web
    23. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi SMS Alert untuk Job Seeker (Studi Kasus di Alumni Career Center UII)
    24. Membangun Sistem Perangkat Lunak untuk Efisiensi Biaya Proyek Pembangunan dengan Memanfaatkan FLOAT pada Metode Analisis Jaringan Kerja
    25. Pemanfaatan Fuzzy Linguistic Hedge sebagai Pengecek Tata Bahasa (Grammar) pada Kalimat yang Berbahasa Inggris
    26. Permainan Minesweeper dengan Komputer sebagai Pemainnya Menggunakan Metode Heuristik
    27. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Mobile untuk Pembayaran Listrik, Air, dan Telepon dengan Java 2 Micro Edition (J2ME)
    28. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Game Perang Pesawat dengan Menggunakan Macromedia Flash MX
    29. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Game Merapikan Kamar Menggunakan Bahasa Action Script pada Macromedia Flash MX
    30. Pengkelasan Bentuk Kromosom dengan Menggunakan Metode Fuzzy Membership-Roster
    31. Aplikasi untuk Knowledge Management pada Perusahaan Pelayanan Kesehatan Berbasis Web menggunakan PHP
    32. Sistem Informasi Perusahaan Terpadu Berbasis Web
    33. Rancang Bangun Sistem Informasi Eksekutif (SIE) Studi Kasus pada Koperasi Unit Desa (KUD) Sri Makmur, Desa Keras Wetan, Kec. Geneng, Kab. Ngawi, Jawa Timur
    34. Aplikasi Sistem Pakar untuk Diagnosa Penyakit Kulit dan Pengobatannya dengan Basis Pengetahuan yang Dinamis
    35. Pengembangan e-Catalogue dengan Metode Pengembangan Berorientasi Objek
    36. Membangun Aplikasi Multimedia Edukatif-Games sebagai Alat Bantu Belajar
    37. Rancang Bangun Alat Bantu Ajar Matematika untuk Anak-Anak dengan Macromedia Flash MX
    38. Rancang Bangun Aplikasi Action and Strategy Games Pasukan Anti Teroris Menggunakan Teknologi J2ME
    39. Aplikasi Data Mining dengan Menggunakan Metode Decision Tree untuk Prediksi Penentuan Resiko Kredit
    40. Simulasi dan Visualisasi Penyelesaian Job-Shop Model dengan Menggunakan Borland Delphi
    41. Estimasi Biaya Empiris Menggunakan Constructive Cost Model
    42. Analisis dan Perancangan Sistem Informasi Material Requirement Planning di PT. Dehatex
    43. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Perkuliahan PDP STT Telkom Bandung
    44. Perancangan Database Equipment Stock Total Indonesia Balikpapan Berbasis Web
    45. Implementasi Sistem Kompetensi Karyawan Berbasis Web di Lingkungan Divre III PT. Telkom
    46. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Perencanaan Anggaran Pengajaran di PDP STT Telkom
    47. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pelaksanaan Praktikum Jurusan Teknik Elektro
    48. Aplikasi Pemesanan Tiket Biro Perjalanan Marala Tour Berbasis Web
    49. Perancangan dan Implementasi Jaringan Komputer Sistem Diskless-Terminal
    50. Pembuatan Aplikasi Validasi Sebagai Pendukung Integritas Data Warehouse
    51. Sistem Informasi Parkir King’s Shopping Centre
    52. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Pelayanan Perijinan Departemen Perindrustrian dan Perdagangan Republik Indonesia
    53. Pusat Informasi Narkotik dan Obat-Obatan (Narkoba) Berbasis Web
    54. Perangkat Lunak Pemenuhan Gizi Bagi Ibu Hamil
    55. Pembuatan Aplikasi Manajemen Pelaporan Error dalam Pembangunan Corporate Portal Software di PT. Ebdesk Indonesia
    56. Pembuatan Aplikasi Distance Learning Mengenai Activity Based Costing Basic
    57. Implementasi Sistem Edutainment Berbasis Web
    58. Eka Purwanti 613970025 Implementasi Sistem Edutainment Berbasis Web
    59. Pemetaan Hierarki Pemanggilan Operasi Source Code Kernel Linux
    60. Perancangan Sistem Pelatihan Pengoperasian Video Conference Berbasis Web
    61. Perancangan Software Frontdesk Server Assistant (Fosa)
    62. Perangkat Lunak Pendukung Peningkatan Audit Mutu Internal SMM ISO 9000 di PT. Forest Citra Sejahtera
    63. Perangkat Lunak Tes Akademik On Line Berbasis Web
    64. Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Administrasi Jurusan Teknik Imformatika Berbasis Web
    65. Aplikasi Sistem Kepegawaian Rumah Sakit dr Slamet
    66. Analisa & Perancangan Sistem Informasi Perpustakaan PT. Omedata Electronics Bandung
    67. Analisis Dan Perancangan Sistem Informasi Perpustakaan STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    68. Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Penjualan Properti Berbasis Web
    69. Visualisasi Perencanaan Sel pada Sistem Komunikasi Bergerak Seluler Digital GSM Berbasis Web
    70. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Lowongan Kerja Berbasis Web
    71. Perangkat Lunak Berbasis Web Registrasi Gladi
    72. Sistem Simulasi Perdagangan Berjangka Berbasis Online
    73. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Perdagangan Komoditi Berjangka di PT. Nusatrade Media Graha
    74. Infrakstruktur Kompilasi dalam Lingkungan Linux
    75. Pembangunan Prospektus STT Telkom Interaktif Berbasis Multimedia
    76. Pembangunan Sistem Informasi Pelanggan PT. PLN Bandung Berbasis Web
    77. Perangkat Lunak Pemasaran Perumahan Panorama Jatinangor
    78. Implementasi Perdagangan On Line pada Pemilihan Obat-Obat Paten di PT. Kimia Farma
    79. Perangkat Lunak Pendukung Pengelolaan Administrasi & Keuangan PDP STT Telkom Bandung
    80. Perancangan & Pembuatan Aplikasi Pemantauan (Monitoring) Kondisi Memory Data Base Studi Kasus pada Data Base Kepegawaian PT. Vistalindo Global Solusi
    81. Aplikasi Lelang Berbasis Web
    82. Sistem Registrasi Ujian Negara STT Telkom
    83. Perancangan Dan Implementasi Data Warehouse Query Report Berbasis Web
    84. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Pakar Untuk Mengidentifikasi Kerusakan Pada Mobil Toyota Kijang
    85. Sistem Informasi Keuangan CV.Epsilon Group
    86. Perancangan dan Implementasi Portal Muslimah sebagai Sarana Pencarian Berbasis Web
    87. Aplikasi Portal Formula I
    88. Perancangan Aplikasi Forum Diskusi dengan Metoda Synchonour
    89. Perangkat Lunak Monitoring Laboratorium Teknik Informatika STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    90. Sistem Informasi Berbasis Web untuk Layanan Purna Jual Pelatihan Divlat PT. Telkom
    91. Perangkat Lunak Otomasi Pengelolaan APDB
    92. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Layanan Data Keuangan Investor di Bursa Berjangka
    93. Sistem Informasi Non Operator
    94. Sistem Komputer Akutansi Koperasi Karyawan PT. Pintex
    95. Perangkat Lunak Bantu Perhitungan Sewa Lahan untuk Kabel
    96. Searching dan Kodefikasi Pengaksesan Dokumen Lumbung Warta Berbasis Web di Divisi Risti
    97. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pendaftaran Siswa Baru untuk Mendukung Proses Penyeleksian dan Penerimaan Siswa Baru di SMUN 1 Sumedang
    98. Perangkat Ajar Berhitung dengan Sempoa Sistem 1-4 untuk Mewujudkan Mental Aritmetika
    99. Aplikasi Pengelolaan Medical Record Pasien pada Klinik PT. LEN Indrustri Bandung Berbasis Web
    100. Sistem Informasi Laboratorium Teknik Elektro STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    101. Perangkat Pengidentifikasi Jenis Dan Akibat Narkotika & Obat Berbahaya
    102. Pembangunan Web Site Intranet Kandatel Bekasi
    103. Inventory dan Penelusuran Buku dan CD Berbasis Web Perpustakaan Virtual Procces Lab Divisi Risti
    104. Analisa dan Implementasi Linux Clustering dengan menggunakan PVM
    105. Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Perijinan Pengelolaan Wartel pada Distel Solo
    106. Aplikasi Tutorial Berbasis Web Mata Pelajaran Biologi tentang Anatomi Tubuh Manusia
    107. Aplikasi Bandung Tour Online
    108. Sistem Bimbingan Belajar UMPTN Berbasis Web
    109. Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Administrasi Jurusan Teknik Elektro STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    110. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Sumber Daya Manusia di Gereja Kristen Pasundan
    111. Warung On Line Kopegtel Divisi Risti
    112. Perancangan Sistem Penggajian Pegawai PT. Wahana Makmur Sejahtera
    113. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Inventararisasi Sim Card dan Voucher pada PT. Satelit Palapa Indonesia (Satelindo) Bandung
    114. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Surat Ijin Usaha Perdagangan pada Dinas Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Kabupaten Sumbawa
    115. Perangkat Lunak Pembantu Pembuatan Perangkat Bantu Ajar Tutorial Berbasis Komputer
    116. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Inventari Hotel Berbasis Web (Studi Kasus Hotel Yehezkiel Bandung)
    117. Sistem Informasi Pariwisata Berbasis Web Propinsi Bengkulu
    118. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Penyeleksian Calon Siswa SMU Negeri 3 Bandung
    119. Aplikasi Pengelolaan Transaksi Penjualan dan Pemesanan Berbasis Web pada Toko Gonzo
    120. Sistem Pengelolaan Sumber Informasi dan Pengetahuan Berbasis Web
    121. Sistem Informasi Administrasi KK-KTP pada Dinas Catatan Sipil PEMDA Kab. Bangli
    122. Aplikasi Pengelolaan Data Pelanggan Telkom Vision di PT. INTI Berbasis Web
    123. Perangkat Lunak Penjualan Komputer di Toko Media Tama Jaya Plaza
    124. Monitoring Prestasi Akademik dan Aktivitas Siswa Sekolah Menengah Umum Berbasis Web (Studi Kasus SMUN 3 Bandung)
    125. Desain dan Implementasi Aplikasi Pelaporan Gangguan Sistem Scada (LGS) pada PT. PLN APD Bandung
    126. Sistem Informasi Penjualan Barang Bekas
    127. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Inventori Buku di Toko Al-Huda Bandung
    128. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pelaporan Performansi Top Ten Indikator Berbasis Web untuk Kancatel Cikajang Kabupaten Garut
    129. Perangkat Lunak Bantu Pengajaran Komputer Grafik dengan Pemograman Open GL Berbasis Web
    130. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Komersial Distributor Buku CV,Adipura D.I Yogyakarta Berbasis Web
    131. Mobile Registration STT Telkom Bandung
    132. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Untuk Persediaan Hasil Hutan pada PT. Perhutani (Persero) Unit III Jawa Barat KPH Sukabumi
    133. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Pengajuan Peminatan Atas Tender pada Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Kabupaten Sidoarjo Berbasis Web
    134. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Penjualan Suku Cadang Mobil
    135. Perangkat Lunak Aplikasi Pemesanan Kado Online (Studi Kasus di Toko Altari)
    136. Sistem Informasi Mahasiswa Berbasis Web di Lembaga Pusat Tutorial dan Pelayanan Mahasiswa (LPTPM) Universitas Terbuka Unit Bandung Utara
    137. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Keuangan BMT Bina Dhuafa Beringharjo Yogyakarta
    138. Sistem Informasi Penggajian Yayasan Sandhykara Putra Telkom
    139. Aplikasi Pemesanan Pementasan Seni Wayang Golek Giriharja 3 Basis Web
    140. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Rekrutasi Calon Karyawan Bank BNI Padang
    141. Sistem HRM (Human Resource Management) Terpusat Dengan Menggunakan Jaringan Internet Untuk Multi Holding
    142. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Rapat Online
    143. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Monitoring Dakwah di PUSDAI Jawa Barat
    144. Aplikasi Penjadwalan Pengajaran Menggunakan Algoritma Genetika (Contoh Kasus SMU 14 Bandung)
    145. Sistem Informasi Kost di Bandung Berbasis Web
    146. Perangkat Lunak Pengontrolan Trafik pada Perangkat Sentral EWSD
    147. Aplikasi Penilaian Prestasi Kerja Karyawan di Kandatel Garut
    148. Perangkat Lunak Visualisasi Pengerjaan Intruksi Mesin 8088 untuk Pengajaran BPTR
    149. Aplikasi Bantu Pentarifan Dasar Payroll dalam Implementasi SAP/R3 pada PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk
    150. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Penyeleksian Pemberian Kredit Bagi Distributor Lokal Area Lumbung Dolog Jombang
    151. Sistem Pelayanan Informasi Olah Raga Berbasis Short Message Service (SMS) Di Radio Paramuda Fm
    152. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Jasa Travel Pariwisata
    153. Perancangan Aplikasi Bimbingan Tugas Akhir Secara Online
    154. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Administrasi Test Toefl Lab. Bahasa STT Telkom
    155. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Inventory Control PT. Fdk Indonesia
    156. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Akademik STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    157. Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Departement Front Office Di Hotel Kharisma Cirebon Berbasis Web
    158. Aplikasi Tutorial Cara Cepat Belajar Membaca Al Qur’an pada Anak Berbasis Multimedia
    159. Perangkat Lunak Pemodelan 3d Dengan Menggunakan Metode Nurbs
    160. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pemilihan SLTA Untuk Usms Di STT Telkom
    161. Sistem Informasi Keuangan Pada Unit Simpan Pinjam Di Pusat Koperasi Karyawan Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta
    162. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Di Penerbit Buku Sinar Baru Pada Bagian Pemasaran Berbasis Web
    163. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Seleksi Penerima Beras untuk Keluarga Miskin (Raskin) Studi Kasus : Kelurahan Bandarharjo Kodya Semarang
    164. Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) Pemantauan Status Gizi Balita Kab. Bandung
    165. Sistem Informasi E-Commerce PT. Mqs Daarut Tauhid
    166. Aplikasi MSALES dengan Menggunakan MIDLET pada Perangkat CLDC
    167. Simulasi Bisnis Manufaktur dengan Fuzzy Logic Metode Hoxley
    168. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Pelayanan Purna Jual Produk Cpe (Costumer Premise Equipment) Pt,Inti
    169. Aplikasi Perangkat Lunak Pendokumentasian Arsip
    170. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Hotel Papandayan Jakarta
    171. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Divisi Perkapalan Di Pt,Pelayaran Korindo Berbasis Web
    172. Penggambaran Obyek-obyek 3D dengan Metode Koleksi Obyek
    173. Sistem Pakar Untuk Konsultasi Kesehatan
    174. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Toko Online
    175. Aplikasi Bursa Kerja Bidang Teknologi Informasi Berbasis Web
    176. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Administrasi Akademik netMaster Institute
    177. Sistem Informasi Administrasi Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan Berbasis Web di Kantor Dinas Pelayanan Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan Bandung Satu
    178. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Administrai Persewaan Gedung Di Taman Budaya
    179. Sistem Informasi Administrasi Dan Perawatan Pelayanan Tahanan Dan Narapidana
    180. Tes Online Berbasis Text Mode Menggunakan Unix Shell Programming
    181. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Asuransi Mobil Berbasis Web di PT. Asuransi Raksa Pratikara
    182. Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Keanggotaan Berbasis Web di Koperasi Mahasiswa STTTekom Bandung
    183. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Pengelolaan Keuangan
    184. Sistem Informasi Akademik TPB STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    185. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Berbasis Web Tempat Rehabilitasi Pecandu Narkoba Di Jawa Barat
    186. Perangkat Lunak Ensiklopedi Pesawat Tempur Bermesin Jet Produksi Amerika Berbasiskan Multimedia
    187. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Pemeliharaan Lokomotif Di PT. Kereta Api
    188. Pengelolaan Data Saham Anggota Usaha Bersama (UB) Sumber Rejeki
    189. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Hak-hak Atas Tanah untuk Notariat
    190. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Penjualan Dan Inventarisasi Suku Cadang Mobil Di Toko Bangkit Jaya Motor Karangampel Berbasis Web
    191. Perangkat Lunak Logistik di POLWIL Priangan Garut
    192. Aplikasi Komunitas Buku Berbasis Web
    193. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Manajemen pada Agen Koran dan Majalah (Contoh Kasus Rajab Agency Bandung)
    194. Sistem Informasi Kemahasiswaan untuk Unit Kegiatan Mahasiswa STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    195. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Inventaris Kendaraan Bermotor Berbasis Web Di PT. Telkom Area Pelayanan Jambi
    196. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Rekam Medis Rs Santo Yusup Berbasis Web
    197. Perangkat Lunak Aplikasi Sistem Informasi Pendidikan dan Pelatihan Yayasan Penyantun Wiyata Guna
    198. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pemilihan Mahasiswa Melalui Jalur USMS Di STT Telkom
    199. Aplikasi Riset Pasar Dalam Bidang Telekomunikasi Di PT. Inti
    200. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Pengelolaan Suku Cadang Krl Di PT. Kereta Api Bandung
    201. Sistem Informasi Penjualan Perhiasan (Studi Kasus : Damai Jaya)
    202. Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) Pemantauan Tingkat Kerawanan Aktivitas Gunung Berapi Propinsi Jawa Barat
    203. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Inventarisasi pada PT. PINDAD Persero
    204. Career Development Centre Online
    205. Sistem Informasi Kemahasiswaan untuk Himpunan Mahasiswa STT Telkom
    206. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Pengelolaan Pengalokasian Dan Penyaluran Dana Dan Dompet Dhuafa Replubika Bandung Berbasis Web
    207. Aplikasi Bank Darah Berbasis Web (Studi Kasus Pmi Cab Kotamadya Bandung)
    208. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Seleksi Calon Mahasiswa Akper Muhammadiyah
    209. Sistem Informasi Pemesanan Dan Pembayaran Hotel Berbasis Web
    210. Sistem Informasi Pengelolaan Dokumen Technical Publication di Bagian Konfigurasi dan Data management SBU-Helicopter PT. Dirgantara Indonesia
    211. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Pemesanan dan Penjualan Koperasi Pegawai Telkom Bogor Berbasis Web
    212. Sistem Informasi Kegiatan Pembangunan Pemerintah Daerah (Studi Kasus pada Pemerintah Daerah Tingkat II Demak)
    213. Aplikasi Pendukung Sistem Informasi Keuangan Regina Cafe & Restaurant
    214. Sistem Informasi Pemasaran Berbasis Web PT. Pertamina (Persero) UPMS I Cabang Pemasaran Pekan Baru
    215. Aplikasi Penyusunan Neraca Produksi Pemerintah Propinsi Jawa Barat untuk Perhitungan PDB/PDRB (Produk Domestik Bruto/Produk Domestik Regional Bruto)
    216. Aplikasi Pendukung Sistem Informasi Penjualan dan Pergudangan pada Toko Koperasi Obor Bima
    217. Aplikasi Layanan Pasca Proyek pada PT. Samudra Aplikasi Indonesia (SAI)
    218. Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Kredit di Bank Jabar Cabang Sukabuni
    219. Sistem Informasi Pelayanan Wisma Remaja GKPRI Jawa Barat
    220. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Yield Management di Hotel Ibis Tamarin
    221. Aplikasi Penjualan dan Pengadaan Barang di Griya Wanita Boutique
    222. Sistem Informasi Manajemen Arsip Kendaraan Bermotor
    223. Aplikasi Perangkat Lunak Penjurusan untuk Siswa SMU
    224. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Penjualan dan Pengadaan Barang di Gudang (Studi Kasus pada Hemart Retail Indonesia)
    225. Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Pembedahan di Instalasi Bedah Sentral RSUD Saiful Anwar malang
    226. Sistem Informasi Pasar Komoditi Pertanian Berbasis Web
    227. Perangkat Lunak Distribusi Gas Elpiji dan Air Mineral pada U.D. Karya Jaya
    228. Sistem Informasi Penanganan Persoalan Perempuan Korban Kekerasan Berbasis Web (Studi Kasus di Institut Perempuan Bandung)
    229. Aplikasi Pengaturan Antrian dan Pemanggilan Pasien pada Unit Pelayanan Pasien Rawat Jalan RSUD Muragan Yogyakarta
    230. Aplikasi Administrasi dan Distribusi Penjualan Koran pada Harian Umum Pikiran Rakyat
    231. Perangkat Lunak Pelayanan Rawat Inap RS Al Islam
    232. Sistem Informasi Inventory Control Gudang ATK Perusahaan Surat Kabar Pikiran Rakyat Bandung
    233. Aplikasi Penjualan Barang dan Simpan Pinjam KPN Bahtera Kencana BKKBN Kabupaten Tulungagung Berbasis Web
    234. Sistem Controlling Informasi Running Text Melalui Aplikasi WAP
    235. Pembangunan Shell Sistem Pakar Klasifikasi dengan Representasi Decision Tree
    236. Aplikasi Pendukung Sistem Informasi Keuangan CV. Evy Beatrec
    237. Sistem Informasi Asset Alat Produksi Sentral di Bidang Umum Telkom Divre II Jakarta Berbasis Web
    238. Perangkat Lunak Absensi Mesin Smart Card dilingkungan Intranet PT. Indosat Gedung Wismantara Berbasis Web
    239. Perangkat Lunak Pembantu Penggunaan Komputer Bagi Tuna Netra
    240. Sistem Informasi Pengiriman Barang DFA Express Bandung Berbasis Web
    241. Aplikasi Pengingat Jadwal Periksa Medis Berbasis Short Message Service (SMS) di Klinik Pramita Laboratorium
    242. Pembuatan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Persewaan Barang pada PD. Kharizma Baru
    243. Aplikasi Monitoring Pelaksanaan Proyek di CV. Samudra Aplikasi Indonesia (SAI)
    244. Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Akademik di Lembaga Pendidikan Mulya Mitra College Divisi Komputer
    245. Monitoring Order Perbaika Divisi Maintenance Service Center (MSC) PT. Telkom Berbasis Web
    246. Perangkat Lunak Penjualan dan Pengadaan Barang di AA Motor
    247. Pembuatan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Penyediaan Barang dan Penjualan PD. Setiadi Jaya Rubber Bandung
    248. Aplikasi Perancangan Jaringan dengan Standard UMTS di Bandung
    249. Sistem Informasi Pergudangan di Kantor Dirjen Bea Cukai Semarang
    250. Perangkat Lunak Kepenghunian Asrama di Lingkungan Intranet STT Telkom
    251. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pemantau Fungsionalitas Elemen Jaringan di MSC PT. Telkomsel Regional IV Bandung
    252. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Reminder Surat Dinas di PT. Telkom
    253. Aplikasi Penjualan Buku di Toko Buku Perdana
    254. Perangkat Lunak Pemasaran Percetak PT. Karya Kita Bandung
    255. Sistem Informasi Panti Asuhan Yatim Piatu Taman Harapan Muhammadiyah Berbasis Web di Buah Batu
    256. Aplikasi Administrasi dan Pembelajaran Lembaga Bimbingan Belajar Nurul Fikri Bandung Berbasis Web
    257. Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Instalasi Gawat Darurat Rumah Sakit Al Islam
    258. Aplikasi Sistem Pakar Pemilihan Printer dan Monitor Bagi Customer di HEXA COMPUTER
    259. Perangkat Lunak Administrasi dan Tes Penempatan Siswa di LBPP LIA Berbasis Web
    260. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Manajemen Proyek (Software Project Management) Berbasis Web
    261. Perangkat Lunak Pemasangan Iklan Majalah dan Surat Kabar Secara Online pada CV Citama Advertising Yogyakarta
    262. Aplikasi Mobile Shop (Toko Bergerak) Berbasis WAP dengan Studi Kasus Cellular Shop
    263. Track Reporting Software
    264. Aplikasi Pengadaaan dan Penjualan Komputer & Asesoris Berbasis Web
    265. Perangkat Lunak Lembar Informasi Ketenagakerjaan Propinsi jawa Barat Berbasis Web
    266. Aplikasi Penyedia Layanan Pemesanan Perjalanan dan Konsultasi Haji dan Umroh pada PT. Rama Tour & Travel Berbasis Web
    267. Aplikasi Pendukung Pembayaran Pajak Penghasilan Berbasis WAP pada Kantor Pelayanan Pajak di Bandung
    268. Sistem Keamanan Pengiriman Short Message Service (SMS) Berbasis Java pada Telepon Seluler
    269. Aplikasi Bimbingan Belajar Jarak Jauh Berbasis Web
    270. Aplikasi Web Pendukung Manajemen SDM Berbasiskan Kompetensi di Bank Mandiri Jakarta
    271. Sistem Pakar Akupressure
    272. Aplikasi Tes Toefl On Line pad Laboratorium Bahasa STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    273. Pembangunan Aplikasi Try Out Online SPMB
    274. Aplikasi Pelaporan Manajemen Berbasis Web Studi Kasus : Sub Direktorat Telecommunication and MIDI Marketing PT. Indosat
    275. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Obat dan Alat Kesehatan di Apotik Mega Farma Singkawang
    276. Perangkat Ajar Dreadlocks Hairstyle
    277. Aplikasi Katalog Islam Dinamis Berbasis Web
    278. Sistem Informasi Pengolahan Transaksi Asuransi Jiwa Berbasis Web pada AJB Bumiputera 1912
    279. Aplikasi Hasil Psikotest Mahasiswa STT Telkom Bandung
    280. Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Data Peserta Uji Ketrampilan pada Subdinas Peningkatan Kualitas Tenaga Kerja dan Purna Kerja Berbasis Web (Studi Kasus di Dinas Tenaga Kerja & Transmigrasi Jawa Barat)
    281. Aplikasi Penghitungan Kredit Poin untuk Pengajuan Kenaikan Pangkat Guru (Studi Kasus di Dinas Pendidikan Daerah Kot Solok)
    282. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Poli Mata di Instalasi Rawat Jalan RSUD Dr. Haryoto Lumajang
    283. Aplikasi Pendukung Hasil Survei Khusus Pemotongan Ternak Propinsi Jawa Barat
    284. Aplikasi Short Message Service (SMS) untuk Mendukung Layanan Informasi Tagihan Listrik Studi Kasus PT. PLN Persero Bandung
    285. Perangkat Lunak Bantu Belajar (Studi Kasus Pelajaran Fisika SLTP)
    286. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Medical Checkup RS ST. Borromeus Bandung
    287. Perangkat Lunak Wajib Lapor Ketenagakerjaan Berbasis Web pada Dinas Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi
    288. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Subbagian Kepegawaian Dinas Perhubungan Propinsi Jabar
    289. Perangkat Lunak Pengolahan Anggaran Keuangan Dinas Pendidikan Kecamatan Pengasih
    290. Sistem Informasi Pendayagunaan Aset Setjen Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Berbasis Web
    291. Sistem Pembuat Janji Dosen dan Mahasiswa dengan Teknologi Web dan WAP
    292. Aplikasi Pengiriman Medical Report ke Short Message Service (SMS) dan Email di Laboratorium Klinik Prodia
    293. Aplikasi Perpanjangan Izin Kerja Tenaga Asing (IKTA) Berbasis Web
    294. Perancangan dan Implementasi Sistem Informasi SPMB STTTelkom Berbasis Computer Telephony Integration
    295. Informasi Tagihan Listrik Berbasis WAP Studi Kasus di PT. PLN (Persero) Bandung Selatan
    296. Sistem Layanan Pelanggan Orlen Car Wash PT. Orlen Prima Sejahtera
    297. Buku Elektronik Berbasis Web Pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Kelas 6 Sekolah Dasar Bab Makhluk Hidup
    298. Aplikasi Pemesanan Tiket Bioskop 21 Cineplex Bandung Berbasis WAP (Wireless Application Protocol)
    299. Aplikasi Kemitraan Inti Plasma pada Koperasi Peternakan Unggas Berbasis Web
    300. Aplikasi Pemesanan dan Pengingat Jadwal Kunjungan Klinik Perawatan Wajah Natasha Skin Care Bandung Menggunakan Layanan SMS
    301. Aplikasi IQ Test Berbasis WAP
    302. Aplikasi Pendukung Keamanan Hasil Pemeriksaan (Studi Kasus : Laboratorium Klinik Sigma Galatika Indonesia)
    303. Perangkat Lunak Tuntunan Shalat Wajib untuk Remaja Berbasis Multimedia
    304. Perangkat Lunak Pengawasan Panjar dan Tagihan (Waspat) Berbasis Web untuk Divisi Keuangan pada PT. Telkom Bogor
    305. Aplikasi Pelayanan Information Jadwal, Nilai dan Registrasi Berbasis WAP
    306. Reservasi Tiket Mobile Garuda Indonesia Citilink
    307. Pembangunan Aplikasi Pemesanan Food and Drink On Line di Pizza Hut Bandung dengan WAP
    308. Aplikasi Informasi Beasiswa Berbasis Web dan Via SMS
    309. Aplikasi Pendukung Survei Indikator Ekonomi Propinsi Jawa Barat
    310. Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Data Sentra Produksi Sayuran di Dinas Pertanian dan Tanaman Pangan Jawa Barat (Studi Kasus di Dinas Pertanian dan Tanaman Pangan Daerah Jawa Barat)
    311. Aplikasi Pendukung Sistem Informasi Inventory Control System (ICS) Bagian Buku di Alifa Moslem’s Shopping Center
    312. Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Data Dana SPP SMU Negeri 1 Bandung Berbasis Web
    313. Aplikasi Short Message Service (SMS) Informasi Pemutaran Film dan Pemesanan Tiket Bioskop
    314. Aplikasi Pengolahan Hasil Pemeriksaan Laboratorium Mikrobiologi R.S. DR M Djamil Padang
    315. Aplikasi Pengelolaan Data Pegawai PT. Asean Aceh Fertilizer Berbasis Web
    316. Aplikasi Inventori Barang Kebutuhan Produksi di Departemen Logistik PT. Asean Aceh Fertilizer Berbasis Web
    317. Aplikasi Administrasi Markom (Marketing dan Komunikasi) Studi Kasus di Rumah Zakat DSUQ Bandung
    318. Aplikasi Perhitungan Pajak Kendaraan Bermotor pada Kantor Samsat UPTD Pajak Daerah Wilayah III Propinsi Lampung di Kotabumi Lampung Utara
    319. Aplikasi untuk Pelayanan Informasi dan Pengingat Peserta Qurban Berbasis Short Message Service (SMS) Studi Kasus di Divisi Qurban Rumah Zakat Indonesia DSUQ Pusat Bandung
    320. Web Service Penyedia Layanan Validasi Pengajuan Kartu Kredit
    321. Aplikasi Administrasi Perpustakaan Berbasis Web SMU Negeri 1 Bandung
    322. Aplikasi Sistem Penggajian Studi Kasus di CV. Delta Jaya Surabaya
    323. Aplikasi Pengelolaan Beasiswa Divisi Pendidikan di Rumah Zakat Indonesia DSUQ Berbasis Web
    324. Perancangan dan Implementasi Aplikasi Keuangan Kopma STT Telkom
    325. Perangkat Lunak Untuk Mendukung Sistem Informasi Curanmor Polres Cimahi Berbasis Web
    326. Perancangan dan Implementasi Aplikasi Layanan Delivery Service Pemesanan Makanan Berbasis J2ME Studi Kasus di Hoka - Hoka Bento
    327. Penggunaan E-Commerce pada Aplikasi Penjualan Adidas
    328. Perangkat Lunak Sistem Informasi Akademik S2 STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    329. Sistem Pakar untuk Diagnosis Penderita HIV/AIDS
    330. Perangkat Lunak Monitoring Pertumbuhan Penduduk di Kecamatan Polokarto
    331. Aplikasi Pentarifan Biaya Pengiriman Barang pada Perusahaan Cargo Royal Brunei di Denpasar Bali
    332. Aplikasi Berlangganan Koran Menggunakan Layanan SMS (Studi Kasus di Mitra Bisnis (Group Pikiran Rakyat))
    333. Perancangan dan Implementasi Aplikasi Layanan Telkom Info Berbasis Teknologi WAP Studi Kasus di PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia Divre III STO Dago
    334. Aplikasi Layanan Informasi Jadwal Keberangkatan dan Pemesanan Tiket di PT. Pahala Kencana Bandung Berbasis SMS
    335. Sistem Pemesanan Taksi dengan Menggunakan SMS
    336. Perangkat Lunak Monitoring Pengiriman Paket Pad CV. Bandung Express
    337. Aplikasi Administrasi Pajak Penghasilan Studi Kasus Kantor Pelayanan Pajak Tasikmalaya
    338. Sistem Informasi Gerakan Kakak Asuh BMT Al Amin STT Telkom
    339. Aplikasi Pendaftaran Periksa Medis di Rumah Sakit Petrokimia Gresik Menggunakan Layanan SMS
    340. Perangkat Lunak Operasional dan Keuangan di Look Design
    341. Aplikasi Manajemen SPPD (Surat Perintah Perjalanan Dinas) Studi Kasus PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia Divre V Kandatel Madiun
    342. Aplikasi Pengelolaan Meeting Room di Grand Hotel Preanger
    343. Alat Bantu Pembuatan Buku Raport Siswa yang Dilengkapi Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pengurutan Ranking di SD Negeri Cijoho II Kuningan
    344. Aplikasi Administrasi ZISWAF (Zakat, Infaq, Wakaf) Studi Kasus Rumah Zakat DSUQ Bandung
    345. Aplikasi Pendistribusian Rokok Berbasis Web di PT. Panamas Malang
    346. Aplikasi Pendaftaran Penduduk dan Pencetakan Dokumen Kependudukan Berbasis Web
    347. Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Peminjaman dan Penjualan Barang di Koperasi Karyawan RS Bayukarta (Kopkar RSB)
    348. Aplikasi SMS untuk Mendukung Layanan Informasi Nilai dan Jadwal Kuliah di Fakultas MIPA UNESA
    349. Aplikasi Pengelolaan Transaksi di Bandung
    350. Aplikasi Penentuan Kenaikan Kelas dan Jurusan Siswa SMAN 1 Bandung
    351. Aplikasi Layanan Informasi Perawatan dan Perbaikan Body serta Aksesoris Mobil di Wahana Auto Care Berbasis Web
    352. Sistem Pemesanan Tiket Kereta Api Eksekutif Turangga dan Argo Willis Berbasis SMS di Stasiun Hall Bandung
    353. Sistem Pengelolaan Inventaris Kendaraan Bermotor PT. Telkom Kandatel Bandung
    354. Aplikasi Pemesanan Rental Mobil Hafa Yogyakarta dengan Layanan Web dan WAP
    355. Aplikasi Perangkat Lunak untuk Pengelolaan Data Keanggotaan dan Inventarisasi Unit Kerja Mahasiswa Racana Soedirman
    356. Aplikasi Pengolahan Data Keuangan Usaha Toko Badan Keuangan Muslim (BKM) STT Telkom Berbasis Web
    357. Sistem Pengelolaan Data Nilai SLTPN 1 Tulungagung Berbasiskan Web dan SMS
    358. Aplikasi Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru STT Telkom Via WAP
    359. Perangkat Lunak Bantu Pembayaran Klaim Asuransi Kendaraan Bermotor PT. Asuransi Berdikari Bandung
    360. Aplikasi Bantu Penjadwalan Order Distribusi Produk di PT. Sampoerna Transport Nusantara Berbasis Web
    361. Aplikasi Penghitungan Zakat pada Perangkat Mobile dengan Menggunakan J2ME
    362. Perangkat Lunak Pendataan Penduduk pada Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Barat
    363. Pemesanan Tiket Pesawat Terbang via SMS
    364. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Kelompok Pemilihan Mahasiswa Berprestasi di STT Telkom dengan Metode Promethee
    365. Aplikasi Administrasi Data Perkebunan Tebu Pabrik Gula Tersana Baru
    366. UKM Band STT Telkom Community Web
    367. Aplikasi Web Portal Pondok Pesantren Shiddiqiyyah Jombang
    368. Sistem Monitoring Realisasi Anggaran dan Performansi Kerja dalam Program Rehap PT. Telkom Kandatel Jakarta Timur
    369. Aplikasi Web Penunjang Perkuliahan (Studi Kasus D3 Jurusan Teknik Informatika STT Telkom)
    370. Aplikasi Pencarian Jarak Terdekat Obyek Wisata yang Berada Disekitar User Berbasis WAP (Studi Kasus : Daerah Kunjungan Wisata di Bandung)
    371. Sistem Informasi Geografis (SIG) Pariwisata Jawa Barat
    372. Payment Gateway Via SMS
    373. Perangkat Ajar Pembelajaran Bermain Gitar Berbasis Multimedia
    374. Pemetaan Jaringan Pipa Air Bersih PDAM Kota Bandung Wilayah Bojonegara Studi Kasus pada Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum Kota Bandung
    375. Aplikasi Tel69 Berbasis Web (Studi Kasus di Kancatel Blitar)
    376. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Administrasi Geladi STT Telkom Berbasis WAP
    377. Perangkat Lunak Bantu Pengadministrasian Data Warkom Berbasis Web Studi Kasus PT. Telkom Jakarta Pusat
    378. Perangkat Lunak Reservasi Hotel Shangri La Berbasis WAP
    379. Aplikasi Bisnis Kemitraan UFO (BKB UFO) Berbasis Web
    380. Perangkat Lunak Case Tool Skema Normalisasi
    381. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Penentuan Prioritas Kriteria Kualitas Perguruan Tinggi Swasta
    382. Perancangan Dan Implementasi Sistem Perpustakaan Pada Media Handphone Berbasis J2ME Menggunakan Simple Object Access Protocol(SOAP)
    383. Sistem Navigasi Kota Dengan Menggunakan GPS
    384. Manajemen Pengetahuan Tugas Akhir Mahasiswa Berbasis Ontologi dan Semantik (2005-on Progress)
    385. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Perencanaan Strategi Promosi Pemasaran SLJJ
    386. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pemberian Bantuan Dana Bagi Organisasi Kemahasiswaan di STT Telkom
    387. Perbandingan Perfomansi SOAP dan XML-RPC sebagai Message Interchange pada Teknologi Web Service
    388. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Peserta Co-op di PT. Telkom
    389. Internal Control Online Proses Bisnis SOA 302 & 404 PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk (2005-on Progres)
    390. Pemfilteran Email Spam Menggunakan Metode Pembeda Markov
    391. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Undangan Saringan Masuk STT Telkom (USMS) dengan
    392. Metode Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS)
    393. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Untuk Analisis Pergerakan Harga Saham
    394. Analisa Perbandingan E-Commerce Dengan Kolaborasi Antara E-Commerce Dan Epinion (Studi Kasus : IDC Nusantara INTI)
    395. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Penentuan Prioritas Pengembangnan Industri Kecil Menengah di Kabupaten Bangkalan Madura
    396. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pengukuran Kinerja Sdm Dengan Pendekatan Hr Scorecard (Studi Kasus : PT. AQS JAWA BARAT)
    397. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Penentuan Prioritas Daerah Tujuan Transmigrasi Bagi Calon Transmigran Dari Propinsi Jawa Barat
    398. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Pengukuran Kinerja Proyek Non Fisik Menggunakan Metode Control Project Management Dan Ahp Di Disnakertrans Jawa Barat
    399. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Seleksi Pengangkatan Calon Kepala Sekolah Smp/Sma Negeri Pada Dinas Pendidikan Dan Olahraga Daerah
    400. Aplikasi Business Plan Online Dengan Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Untuk Tracking Dan Peningkatan Performansi Perusahaan
    401. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Persetujuan Pemeriksaan Pajak Rutin
    402. (Studi Kasus Direktorat Jenderal Pajak Kantor Wilayah Jawa Bagian Barat II)
    403. Implementasi Sistem Pendiagnosa Interoperabilitas Pada Web Services
    404. Implementasi Web Service Untuk Menambah dan Mengurangi Service Pada Web Service Lain
    405. Implementasi Metode Implicit Rating Untuk Menentukan User Interest Terhadap Informasi Pada Web Page
    406. Sistem Pendidikan SMU Terintegrasi dengan pengenalan sidik jari dan sms gateway (2005)
    407. Aplikasi Pencatatan Kehadiran Mahasiswa Menggunakan Sidik Jari Studi Kasus STT Telkom
    408. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pengukuran Kontribusi Teknologi Voip PT. Telkom Dengan Model Teknometrik (Study Kasus: Divisi Multimedia Subdivisi Voip)
    409. Detection Cells Capacity Problem
    410. Pembangunan Jaringan Dokumen Menggunakan Query-Dependent PageRank {2005-on Progress}
    411. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Penentuan Prioritas Implementasi Sistem Informasi Pada Disnaker Kabupaten/Kota (Study Kasus : Disnakertrans Jawa Barat)
    412. Analisis dan Implementasi Aplikasi Bursa Kerja di Propinsi Jawa Barat Berbasis Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan (SPPK) (Studi Kasus Kota Bandung)
    413. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Penentuan Pembiayaan Usaha Mikro dengan Prinsip Syariah
    414. Sistem pendukung pengambilan keputusan pengukuran kepuasan terhadap mutu SLTP menggunakan metode Smart dan Maut (Studi Kasus : Kandepdiknas Manado)
    415. Implementasi Perangkat Lunak Manajemen Supply Chain pada Poultry Shop. Studi Kasus: PT. Satwa Unggul PS
    416. Implementasi dan Analisis Keamanan Data Pada XML Web Services Dengan Enkripsi SOAP
    417. Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Kualitas Dan Pengendalian Pencemaran Air Sungai Dengan Metode Storet Dan Indeks Pencemaran (Studi Kasus : Bplhd Propinsi DKI Jakarta)
    418. Perancangan dan Implementasi Perangkat Lunak Pengkonversi Not Balok Kunci G dengan Menggunakan Metode Statistik
    419. Pembaca Quick Response Code Menggunakan Perangkat Mobile Berbasis Sistem Operasi Symbian
    420. Analisis dan Implementasi Aplikasi Survey Data Pelanggan PLN Menggunakan PDA dan GPS
    421. Sistem Informasi Pendayagunaan Aset Setjen Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Berbasis Web
    422. Sistem Pengelolaan Data Nilai SLTPN 1 Tulungagung Berbasis Web Dan Sms
    423. Jaringan Pipa Pelanggan Air Bersih PDAM Kota Bandung
    424. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Perencanaan Strategi Telkom Risti Bandung
    425. Aplikasi Penyusunan Neraca Produksi Pemerintah Propinsi Jawa Barat untuk Perhitungan PDB/PDRB
    426. (Produk Domestik Bruto/Produk Domestik Regional Bruto)
    427. Aplikasi Katalog Islam Dinamis Berbasis Web
    428. Aplikasi Penghitungan Kredit Poin untuk Pengajuan Kenaikan Pangkat Guru (Studi Kasus di Dinas Pendidikan Daerah Kota Solok)
    429. Aplikasi Pendukung Hasil Survei Khusus Pemotongan Ternak Propinsi Jawa Barat
    430. Perangkat Lunak Bantu Belajar (Studi Kasus Pelajaran Fisika SLTP)
    431. Perangkat Lunak Wajib Lapor Ketenagakerjaan Berbasis Web pada Dinas Tenaga Kerja dan Transmigrasi
    432. Aplikasi Pendukung Survei Indikator Ekonomi Propinsi Jawa Barat
    433. Sistem Informasi Inventory Control Gudang ATK Perusahaan Surat Kabar Pikiran Rakyat Bandung
    434. Analisis dan Simulasi Channel Switching Pada Mobile Live Multi-Channel TV Streaming
    435. Business Process Improvement Sistem Penjadwalan Produksi PT. Samindo Electronics
    436. Business Process Reengineering Sistem Pengadaan Kebutuhan Material Untuk Perencanaan dan Pengendalian Produksi
    437. Sistem Pakar Anamnesa Keterlambatan Perkembangan Anak
    438. Desain Dan Implementasi Sistem Pakar Virtual Psychologist Dalam Mengatasi Stress
    439. Visualisasi SSL (Secure Socket Layer) Pada Aplikasi Ecommerce
    440. Rancangan Jaringan Komputer Baru Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Telkom dengan Menggunakan Teknologi Virtual LAN
    441. Analisa Perbandingan Koneksi Host to Host Menggunakan Metoda Telnet dan Metoda Messaging Pada Sistem Pembayaran Online di PT. Telkomsel
    442. Perangkat Lunak E-Mail Client pada Telepon Genggam Berbasiskan Teknologi J2ME
    443. Perancangan dan implementasi sistem citra steganography menggunakan metode transformasi dudex
    444. Pembangunan Aplikasi Perhitungan Beban Tugas Dosen Berbasis Web
    445. Perancangan dan Implementasi sistem Antrian Bank Pada Transaksi Multiteller berbasis jaringan
    446. Pembangunan Sistem Reservasi ASI Tiket kereta dan pesawat menggunakan Wirelles Aplication Protocol (WAP) Service Pada Media Handphone WAP
    447. Implementasi Teori Fraktal Pada Kompresi Citra Dengan System Fungsi Iterasi Terpartisi
    448. Pengendalian Jarak Jauh Berbasis Short Message Service Sebagai Alat Bantu Pada Sistem Pengendalian Sentral Telepon NEAX
    449. Perancangan dan Implementasi Aplikasi Pengoperasian dan Pemeliharaan Sentral Telepon NEAX Berbasis TCP/IP
    450. Pembangunan Prototipe Siastem Arbiterasi Mata Uang dengan menggunakan Algoritma Genetika
    451. Perangkat Lunak Dokumentasi Desain Terstruktur
    452. Implementasi Edge Detection Filtering pada Citra Digital dengan Metode Prewitt Operator dan Sobel Operator
    453. Penerapan Elektronik Mail Pada Mobile Phone dengan Menggunakan Wireless Application Protocol
    454. Perancangan dan Implementasi Teknik Watermarking pada citra Digital menggunakan Blowfish dan Message Digest 5
    455. Aplikasi Algoritma SKIPJACK Terhadap Penyandian Data
    456. Penajaman Sisi Citra Menggunakan Metode Fourier Phase Only Synthesis dengan pembetulan Fase
    457. Implementasi CORBA Pada Aplikasi Client - Server Berbasis Web
    458. Studi dan Implementasi Algoritma Kriptografi Twofish untuk Penyandian Data
    459. Analisa Pemanfaatan Protokol TCP Melalui Media Satelit dan Implementasi Perangkat Lunak Simulasinya
    460. Studi dan Implementasi Algoritma Semijoin pada Pemrosesan Query Terdistribusi
    461. Implementasi transformasi wavelet pada analisa tekstur untuk identifikasi osteoporosis berdasarkan metode indeks singh
    462. Analisa Perbandingan Koneksi Host to Host Menggunakan Metoda Telnet dan Metoda Corba Pada Sistem Pembayaran Online Di PT. Telkomsel
    463. Deteksi Sudut Multiskala Dengan Menggunakan Transformasi Wavelet
    464. Pendeteksian Sisi menggunakan Isotropic Operator dengan Proses Awal Pemuliaan Citra menggunakan Teknik Manipulasi Histogram
    465. Perbandingan Metode Hybrid HMM/MLP dan Metode HMM dalam Proses Pengenalan Ucapan Berbahasa Indonesia.
    466. Pendeteksian Wajah Berbasis Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan
    467. Pencarian Jalur Teroptimal Dengan Algoritma A* Dan Metoda Akses R+ Tree Dalam Pemrosesan Queri Spasial
    468. Pembangunan Aplikasi Online Trading Perusahaan Efek Dalam Bursa Efek Jakarta Berbasis Wireless Application Protocol (Studi Kasus Pada PT. Dinar Sekuritas)
    469. Metode Peningkatan Performansi Pada Pengambilan Informasi Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI)
    470. Perancangan dan Implementasi Perangkat Lunak Pengkonversi Teks ke Suara dengan Primitif Satuan Bunyi
    471. Implementasi Sistim Informasi Geografi untuk Jalur Transportasi Darat Di Wilayah Kodya Bandung
    472. Aplikasi Knowledge Management On Line di PDAM Ka. Bandung
    473. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Jaringan Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Telkom Bandung
    474. Perangkat Lunak Pengelolaan Warposnet Dengan Menggunakan Metodologi Analisis Dan Perancangan Sistem Terstruktur
    475. Segmentasi Citra Digital Menggunakan Algoritma Region Merging dan Representasi Quadtree
    476. Analisa Study Topology Jaringan Ring & Mesh Kota Metropolitan dengan Study Kasus Kota Surabaya
    477. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Sistem Loket Pembayaran Online Dengan Studi Kasus Pembayaran Tagihan PT. Telkomsel
    478. Analisa Performansi Filtering Citra Digital Menggunakan Metoda Two-Dimensional Median Filter Dan Multilevel Median Filter
    479. Plane Cover Multiple Acces : Pendekatan untuk Memaksimalkan Kapasitas Sistem Selular
    480. Simulasi Perbandingan Metode Restorasi Link dan Path Pada Jaringan WDM Bertopologi Mesh
    481. Simulasi Pengendalian KA menggunakan Infrastruktur Jaringan GSM
    482. Perancangan Dan Implementasi Teknik Watermarking Pada Citra Digital Dengan Metode Fractal
    483. Pengembangan sistem Keamanan pada Dial UP Networking Melalui Jalur Telepon Menggunakan Smart Card
    484. Desain dan Implementasi Mesin Query Untuk XML
    485. Study dan Implementasi Algoritma Kriptografi Misty Untuk Penyandian Data
    486. Analisa Forecasting Demand Menggunakan Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan Adaptive Resonance Theory : Studi Kasus Demand Sambungan Telepon Seluler
    487. Analisa Algoritma Conflation pada Kata atau Kalimat Bahasa Indonesia
    488. Pembuatan Alat Bantu Data Cleansing Pada Komponen Akuisisi Data Warehouse
    489. Pengembangan Layanan WAP untuk Sistem Informasi Rute Jalan Raya Menggunakan Algoritma Modified Bi -directional A*
    490. Studi Metode Terstruktur Dalam Rekayasa Perangkat Lunak
    491. Penerapan Algoritma Genetik Dalam Pendeteksian Multiuser Pada Sistem Komunikasi CDMA
    492. Aplikasi Mail Box Dalam Layanan Intranet Berbasis WAP
    493. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Dalam Pengendalian dan Perencanaan Kebutuhan Material Study Kasus Produk Tas Rapino
    494. Implementasi Transformasi Karhunen Loeve dan Wavelet dalam Aplikasi Kompresi Citra Multispektral
    495. Implementasi Algoritma Kriptograpi MARS untuk Penyandian Data
    496. Implementasi M- Commerce Menggunakan WAP Studi Kasus Pemesanan Tiket Bioskop Online
    497. Penempatan Kapasitas pada Survivable WDM Network Berdasarkan Skema Partial Path
    498. Teknik Kompresi Citra Fraktal Berbasis Metode Two Level Image Partition
    499. Data Mining Dengan Algoritma Apriori Pada RDBMS Oracle
    500. Media Interaktif Pembelajaran Matematika Untuk Sekolah Dasar Kelas Dua Pada SD Laboratorium Universitas Negeri Malang
    501. Aplikasi Sistem Akreditasi Dosen berbasis Web
    502. Analisis Unjuk Kerja Network adress Port translator (NAPT) pada Jaringan TCP/IP
    503. Analisa dan Implementasi Sintesa Awan dengan Metode Fractal dan Metode Solid Modelling
    504. Perancangan dan Implementasi Perankat Lunak sebagai alat bantu Management Proyek
    505. Simulasi Query Optimizer
    506. Optimasi Concurency Locking
    507. Implementasi Kamus Diphone Pada Aplikasi Text To Speech Bahasa Indonesia Dengan Unit Speech Diphone
    508. Study dan Implementasi Algoritma Kriptografi RC 6 Untuk Penyandian Data
    509. Enkripsi Data Dengan Algoritma Kriptografi Kunci Simetris Menggunakan Metode LOKI 97
    510. Analisa Dan Implementasi Manajemen Pengetahuan ( knowledge management ) Pada Sistem Syaraf Digital ( Digital Nervous System)
    511. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Translator File Midi Menjadi Notasi Musik
    512. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Contextual Memory Test Sebagai Alat Bantu Dalam Bidang Psikologi
    513. Optimasi LZ78 Pada Kompresi Data
    514. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Perhitungan Kebutuhan Bandwidth VoIP untuk Pembangunan Link Antar Kota
    515. Perancangan Perangkat Lunak Bank Data Pemerintahan Daerah Berbasis Data Dimensional Secara Online ( Studi Kasus Pada Pemda DKI Jakarta )
    516. Aplikasi Layanan Informasi Billing Dan Customer Service Berbasis Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
    517. Algoritma Genetika Untuk Penyusunan Jadwal Kuliah di STT Telkom
    518. Pembangunan Perangkat Lunak Untuk Perencanaan Jaringan CCS No. 7 Di Divisi Risti PT. Telkom
    519. Analisa Implementasi Mekanisme Recovery Pada DBMS Oracle
    520. Perancangan dan implementasi sistem informasi jalan raya menggunakan algoritma BI-Directional A+
    521. Implementasi Algoritma Kompresi Hybrid LZ77 Dan RLE Menggunakan Elias Gama Code
    522. Algoritma Diffie - Hellman Sebagai Salah Satu Pendukung Kriptografi Kunci Publik
    523. Implementasi Penelusuran Balik dari Data View Ke Data Tabel Pada Lingkungan Data Warehousing
    524. Implementasi Algoritma DSA Dalam Pembuatan Tanda Tangan Digital
    525. Aplikasi Sistem Keamanan Gedung Berbasis SMS
    526. Perancangan dan Implementasi Sistem Keamanan Web Dinamis Berbasiskan Penanganan Cookies Sebagai Kunci Enkripsi
    527. Pembangunan Prototype Sistem Pembelian KArtu Isi Ulang Melalui Telepon Genggam Berbasis WAP
    528. Text To Speech Pada Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) : Kasus Sistem Navigasi
    529. Metode Akses Spasial Bersarang Pada Citra Dua Dimensi ( The NR-Tree: A spatial Access Method For Two-Dimensional Image)
    530. Analisa Implementasi Run Length Encoding dan Arithmetic Encoding Orde - o pada Kompresi data Berbasis Transformasi Burrow Wheeler
    531. Penanganan Asynchronous Read dan Write Data dengan menggunakan Bi-Directional Bounded Buffer pada Aplikasi Multithreading
    532. Analisa dan Implementasi Pemecahan Data
    533. Ekstraksi Kata Kunci Dokumen Bahasa Indonesia dengan Menggunakan Algoritma Genetika
    534. Analisis Pembagian Bandwidth yang Merata Pada Jaringan ATM ABR Dengan Algoritma Switching Erica+
    535. Implementasi Modul Pendaftaran Pelatihan Di Intranet PT. Telkom Dengan Menggunakan Teknik Aliran Pekerjaan
    536. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Pengembangan Jaringan Usaha untuk Teknik Pemasaran Networking Marketing
    537. Analisis Perbandingan Unjuk Kerja ATM CLS- Reassembly Mode Dengan ATM CLS- Streaming Mode Menggunakan Propotional Rate Control
    538. Studi dan Implementasi Algoritma Kriptografi SERPENT Untuk Penyandian Data
    539. Interpolasi Citra Digital Menggunakan Jaringan Syaraf Tiruan Metoda Radial Basis Function (RBF)
    540. Implementasi Linguistic Analysis pada Text to Speech Bahasa Indonesia dengan unit Ucapan Diphone
    541. Website Content Displayer Pada Telepon Seluler dengan Wireless Application Protocol
    542. Implementasi Kompresi Citra Warna Fractal Berbasis Recurrent Iterated Function Systems (RIFSs)
    543. Simulasi Implementasi Algoritma Ruting Virtual Path pada jaringan ATM berdasarkan konsep eqiuvalent bandwidth
    544. Analisis Transaksi SIP (Session Initiation Protocol) untuk IP Telephony dengan menggunakan Proxy Server dan Redirect Server
    545. Analisa Interoperabilitas Pemprograman Objek Terdistribusi dengan Menggunakan Arsitektur CORBA
    546. Peningkatan Performansi Penggunaan Fasilitas Short Message Service (SMS) lintas Operator dalam jaringan GSM
    547. Analisa Implementasi Fuzzy Controller Untuk Mengendalikan Aliran Trafik ABR Pada Jaringan ATM
    548. Aplikasi Chatting Berbasis Client/Server Pada Sistem Operasi Linux
    549. Perancangan dan Implmentasi Perangkat Lunak Visualisasi Objek Tiga Dimensi dengan Metode Perspektive Projection
    550. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Menentukan Faktor Penyebab Kegagalan Terbesar Mahasiswa, dalam Pengambilan Mata Kuliah Aljabar Linear dengan Metode Analysis Hierarchy Proses
    551. Pendeteksian Wajah dengan Pengekstraksian Area Wajah yang Memanfaatkan Ruang Warna LHS
    552. Pengukuran Kemampuan Dengan Sistem Manajemen Pembelajaran Menggunakan Metode Asynchronous Learning Networks (ALN)
    553. Enkripsi XML ( Menggunakan Algoritma Triple Data Encryption Standard (3 DES) )
    554. Simulasi Pembayaran Three Party Dengan Pengamanan Bertingkat Pada E-Commerce
    555. Perancangan dan Implementasi Aplikasi Smartcard untuk Sistem Registrasi di STT Telkom
    556. Peningkatan Keamanan Jaringan dengan Intrusion Detection System Berbasis Distributed System
    557. Implementasi Teknik Data Hiding pada Pembangkitan Citra Fractal dengan Metode Pemfilteran Fourier
    558. Perangkat Lunak Visualisasi Objek 3D ‘Landscape’ Dengan Fractal
    559. Peningkatan QoS Voice over IP dengan mengimplementasikan FRF -12 pada Frame Relay
    560. Implementasi Data Mining untuk Penggalian Kaidah Asosiasi Menggunakan Metode Bottom Up Algoritma Eclat
    561. Pengenalan Pola Transaksi Pada Database Transaksi Menggunakan Data Mining Sequential Pattern
    562. Desain dan Implementasi Manajemen Jaringan Berbasis Web untuk Jaringan IP (Internet Protocol)
    563. Kompresi Citra Berwarna Menggunakan Metode Adaptive Huffman
    564. Pembangunan RPC (Remote Procedure Call) Pada UMS (Unified Messaging System)
    565. Sistem Realokasi Bandwidth pada XNMS
    566. Implementasi Elliptic Curve Cryptosystem pada Program Enkripsi - Dekripsi
    567. Implementasi dan Analisa Penggunaan Voice XML dan SOAP pada Aplikasi Pengaksesann Web dan Basis Data Berbasis Voice
    568. Routing Bebas Deadlock Dan Bebas Livelock Dengan Algoritma Prefix Routing Pada Jaringan Tak Teratur
    569. Analisis Terhadap Kemampuan Pendekatan Berorientasi Objek dalam Mengakomodasi Perubahan Kebutuhan pada Pengembangan Perangkat Lunak
    570. Implementasi BPCS- Steganography pada citra digital menggunakan metode Complexity Based Region Segmentation
    571. Penciptaan Pengguna Anonim dalam E-Commerce dengan Bantuan Sistem Pihak Ketiga
    572. Pemeriksaan Tata Bahasa dalam Kalimat Bahasa Inggris Menggunakan Algoritma Left Corner Parsing
    573. Analisa Quality Of Service Jaringan Paket Data GPRS Berdasarkan Mekanisme Retransmisi Selective Repeat
    574. Penentuan Posisi Benda Berdasarkan Intensitas Cahaya
    575. Pembangunan Prototype Kuis Interaktif Menggunakan Fasilitas Interactive Voice Response (IVR) dengan Studi Kasus di PT. Telkomsel
    576. Implementasi, Analisa dan Perbandingan Kompresi Audio MPEG-1 Layer 3, MPEG-2 Advanced Audio Coding dan Wavelet Packet Audio Coding
    577. Implementasi Autentikasi Citra Digital menggunakan Watermarks Berupa Has Citra dengan Transformasi Fourier
    578. Aplikasi Messaging Agent dengan Menggunakan User Preferences
    579. Implementasi Merchant Payment Gateway dan Certificate Authority Pada Transaksi E-Commerce yang Berbasis Smart Card
    580. Perancangan dan Implementasi Perangkat Lunak Network Management Berbasis Web untuk jaringan Internet Protokol (IP) dengan menggunakan SOAP dan XML
    581. Desain dan Implementasi Text Mining untuk Optimisasi Hasil Query Dengan Teknik Collaborative Filtering
    582. Implementasi Honeypot sebagai Alat Bantu Deteksi pada Keamanan Jaringan
    583. Perancangan Web Viewer pada PDA ( Personal Digital Assistance ) Berbasis Windows CE
    584. Aplikasi Intrusion Prevention System Berbasis Loadable Kernel Module Pada Sistem Operasi Linux
    585. Perancangan dan Implementasi Java Applet Decompiler
    586. Pengembangan Layanan Monitoring dan Reporting Akses Web Site Berbasis Web dan WAP
    587. Implementasi Sistem Basis Data Deductive dengan Intelligent Database Interface
    588. Analisa Perbandingan Aplikasi Transformasi Fourier dan Transformasi Wavelet pada Proses Kompresi Citra Digital
    589. Implementasi Digital Signature Pada Sistem Keamanan Mobile Banking
    590. Analisis Algoritma Duplicate Hash Routing pada Sistem Web Cache Terdistribusi
    591. Sistem Informasi Unit Telesales di Citybank
    592. Perancangan dan Implementasi Perangkat Lunak Visualisasi Obyek Tiga Dimensi Dengan Metode Hierarchical B-Spline
    593. Pemrosesan Bahasa Alamiah Secara Kontekstual
    594. Implementasi Algoritma Genetika Klasik Untuk Menyelesaikan Masalah Transportasi Linier Pada Sistem Manufaktur Dengan Menggunakan Algoritma A* Sebagai Masukan Jarak/Cost
    595. Implementasi Basis Data Terdistribusi Dengan Fasilitas Recovery Pada Aplikasi Otomasi Perhitungan Fund Managament Di PT. (Persero) Asuransi Kesehatan Indonesia Jakarta
    596. Pengenalan Sidik Jari dengan Metoda Circular Sampling
    597. Optimasi Proses Packing List dengan Menggunakan Algoritma Genetika
    598. Implementasi Sistem Cluster Untuk Optimalisasi Metode Ray Casting
    599. Kompresi Citra Warna Lossless dan Near- Lossless dengan Metode Edge Adaptive Quantization
    600. Sistem Penjadwalan Perawatan Mesin pada Industri Manufaktur
    601. Analisa Perbandingan Performansi IP- Over -ATM dan -IP-Over SONET pada Backbone Internet
    602. Intellegent Recommender System Untuk Pemilihan Film Menggunakan Collaborative Filtering Dan Content Based Filtering
    603. Aplikasi Pengaturan Trafik Kereta Api Berbasis Intelejensia Buatan Dengan Penjadwalan Design To Criteria Serta Bantuan Komunikasi Melalui SMS
    604. Simulasi Kontrol Perangkat Elektronik dengan Bluetooth Menggunakan J2ME
    605. Perancangan dan Realisasi SMS Gateway untuk Reservasi
    606. Pembuatan Aplikasi Operator Pesan Suara Pada Virtual Phone ( VIPO ) (Studi Kasus Div RisTI PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia)
    607. Deteksi Wajah Menggunakan Filter Gabor Wavelet dan Algoritma Genetik
    608. Kompresi Citra menggunakan Metode Statistical Coding
    609. Analisa perbandingan Perfomansi Binary Exponential Backoff dan Binary logarithmic Arbitration Method pada teknologi ethernet ( IEEE 802.3 )
    610. Implementasi Transformasi Wavelet Pada Kompresi Citra Digital Menggunakan Teknik Pengkodean Recursive Splitting Huffman
    611. Analisa Multipoint Relaying pada Optimized Link State Routing Protocol untuk Mobile Ad Hoc Network
    612. Studi dan Implementasi Single Sign On Menggunakan LDAP
    613. Analisa Perbandingan Performansi Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vektor Routing dan Adhoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Pada Adhoc Network
    614. Implementasi Transformasi Burrows Wheeler Pada Kompresi Data Dengan Menggunakan Teknik Pengkodean Run Length
    615. Simulasi Location Based Service Menggunakan SMS
    616. Analisis Data Confidentiality dengan Menggunakan Teknik chaffing and Winnowing
    617. Implementasi Elliptic Curves Cryptosystem pada Pembuatan Digital Signature
    618. Analisa Implementasi Fuzzy Based Rate Control Pada Real-Time MPEG Video Di Jaringan ATM
    619. Perancangan Aplikasi Voice Converence Menggunakan Protokol RTP Pada Jaringan Intranet
    620. Pembentukan Panorama dengan Image Mosaicing
    621. Analisa Pemilihan Lintasan Pada QOS- Routing dengan Algoritma A*
    622. Studi Dan Implementasi Watermarking Untuk Penyimpanan Index Data Pada Gambar Menggunakan Transformasi Wavelet
    623. Manajemen Buffer dengan Fuzzy Control Priority pada Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)
    624. Analisis Kualitas Layanan Jaringan Internet Melalui Sistem Rekayasa Trafik dengan Mekanisme MPLS
    625. Studi Unjuk Kerja Usage Parameter Control (UPC) Pada Jaringan ATM dengan Mekanisme Leaky Bucket
    626. Pembuatan Database terpusat dengan Pemodelan Object Relational
    627. Perancangan Sistem Pelayanan Rawat Jalan Rumah Sakit Berbasis Smart Card
    628. Implementasi Metode Kompresi LZ77 dengan Algoritma Two-Level Hashing
    629. Perancangan dan Implementasi Aplikasi Monitoring System Global Area Pada Oracle 8i Untuk Peningkatan Performansi Dengan Tuning Memori
    630. Penggunaan Tanda Tangan Digital pada File
    631. Pemanfaatan Teknologi Telemetri untuk Informasi Peringatan Dini Banjir
    632. Sistem Pendukung Pengambilan Keputusan Menentukan Faktor Kesuksesan Kerja Divisi Pelatihan Telkom (Studi Kasus : Divlat Telkom)
    633. Analisis dan Desain Sistem Informasi Apotek Kentungan Yogyakarta
    634. Simulasi Virtual Time CSMA/CD Pada Jaringan Broadeast Kanal Tunggal Dengan Menggunakan Sistem Waktu Nyata
    635. Perencanaan Tata Guna Lahan dengan Algoritma Genetika
    636. Implementasi Remote Network Management pada Router dan Network Interface Card dengan Simple Network Management Protocol
    637. Aplikasi Yellow Pages dengan Menggunakan Teknologi J2ME untuk Mobile Devices
    638. Implementasi Algoritma BHRA pada Jaringan ATM PNNI Berdasarkan Quality of Service
    639. Perancangan dan Implementasi Sistem Perpustakaan pada Media Handphone Berbasis J2ME Menggunakan Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)
    640. Representasi Data Obyek Tiga Dimensi Berdasarkan Metode Akses R+Tree Dengan Pendekatan Teknik Similarity
    641. Repository Partitur Musik Klasik
    642. Perangkat Lunak Konfigurasi Packet Filtering Menggunakan Ipchains Dan Iptables Pada Kernel 2.4
    643. Simulasi Soft Handoff pada Komunikasi Bergerak dengan Logika Fuzzy
    644. Morphing Berbasis Vektor pada Objek Dua Dimensi Berdasarkan Model Extended Circular Image (ECI)
    645. Simulation Algoritma Greedy pada Multicast Routing yang Dinamis dalam Jaringan ATM
    646. Implementasi Help Desk dengan Instant Messaging Studi Kasus Penanganan Gangguan Komputer di STT Telkom
    647. Implementasi dan Analisa RSVP pada Jaringan IP Integrated Service
    648. Perancangan Sistem Informasi Geogerfis (SIG) Kependudukan Dan Sosial Ekonomi Pada Daerah Perkotaan Studi Kasus Masalah Daerah Pemukiman Kumuh Di Kota Bandung
    649. Aplikasi Mailing List Dan Guess Word Pada Short Message Service
    650. Model Pengembangan Teknologi Handset untuk Layanan Teletext
    651. Algoritma ANTNET untuk Pencarian Rute Secara Dinamis pada Jaringan Connectionless
    652. Kajian Implementasi Konsep Himpunan dan Keanggotaan Fuzzy untuk Pengklasifikasian Objek pada Relational Database Management System
    653. Manajemen Sejarah Kerusakan Perangkat Berbasis SNMP
    654. Perangkat Lunak Bantu Pendokumentasian Object Basis Data Oracle
    655. Editor Visual Pemrograman Berorientasi Objek Berbasis UML
    656. Pemodelan Dan Simulasi Sistem Tranportasi Cerdas Pada Peta Jalan Kota Bandung Dengan Pencarian Jalur Optimal Secara Dinamis
    657. Studi dan Implementasi Migrator antar - RDBMS
    658. Optimasi Sistem Operasi Linux Mini untuk Aplikasi Sistem Embedded
    659. Penggunaan Transformasi Wavelet untuk Pendeteksian Mikrokalsifikasi pada Citra Mammogram
    660. Perangkat Lunak Untuk Konfigurasi Switch Berbasis Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
    661. Sistem Pengaksesan Nilai Perkuliahan Menggunakan Mobile Phone denganTeknologi J2ME (Studi Kasus : Jurusan Teknik Informatika STT Telkom)
    662. Deteksi Kemiripan Wajah Menggunakan Logika Samar dan Metode Berbasis Proyeksi
    663. Perangkat Lunak untuk Memproteksi File Berekstensi Exe
    664. Penentuan Posisi Obyek Secara Kinematik Berdasarkan Format Input Global Positioning System
    665. Prediksi Kebutuhan Bandwidth Di Virtual Path Jaringan ATM Menggunakan Algoritma Genetika
    666. Perancangan dan Implementasi Sistem Registrasi Kuliah Berbasis SMS di STT Telkom
    667. Analisis Perbandingan Packet Scheduling untuk Fair sevice antar Koneksi pada Internet
    668. Implementasi Sistem Keamanan Web Services Terpusat Menggunakan XML Signature dan XML Encryption
    669. Pengajaran Bahasa Berbasis Komputer untuk Tata Bahasa Inggris (Computer Assisted Language Learning/Call for English Grammar)
    670. Prototype Sistem Berbasis WAP dan GPS untuk Reservasi Taksi
    671. Analisis Perbandingan Pemrosesan File XML dengan Pendekatan Simple Api for XML (SAX) dan Document Object Model (DOM)
    672. Implementasi Algoritma Ant Colony pada Pemecahan Travelling Salesman Problem
    673. Penyediaan Layanan pada Perangkat Bergerak Menggunakan Jini
    674. Penerapan Algoritma Ant Colony dalam Pemecahan Asymmetric Travelling Sales Problem (Studi Kasus Penentuan Rute pada Antaran Surat Kotak Pos di KP II Bandung)
    675. Perancangan Data Warehouse pada Basis Data Nilai Akademik STT Telkom Menggunakan Model Data Star Schema
    676. Pembangunan Aplikasi Pengelompokkan Dokumen dengan Metode Suffix Tree Clustering pada kumpulan hasil dari Mesin Pencarian
    677. Implementasi Pengawasan Performansi Jaringan Ethernet dengan Menggunakan Remote Network Monitoring Management I
              Fractales en superalta definición        
               Bonitos Marcos Digitales para fotos         


    To paraphrase Nina Simone's song "Feeling Good" it's a new day, it's a new blog for me, and I'm feeling good.

    This blog will focus on the Magic and Wonder that is life. I'm drawing on the song Sweet Freedom song by Michael McDonald, which happens to be one of my favourite songs of all time. I once had a dream where this song was blaring away. The song was there to remind me that I am the Magic.

    No more runnin down the wrong road
    Dancin to a different drum
    Can't you see whats goin on
    Deep inside your heart
    Always searchin for the real thing
    Livin like its far away
    Just leave all the madness in yesterday
    You're holdin the key
    When you believe it

    Shine sweet Freedom
    Shine your light on me
    You are the MagicYou're right where I wanna be
    Oh sweet freedom carry me along
    We'll keep the spirit alive on and on
    Sweet Freedom, Lyrics written by Rod Temperton

    As always, the articles I'm sharing are my perspective only and not meant to instruct readers in any way. Make of them what you will.

    For my current and previous blogs see My Other Blogs.

    Love and gratitude to Ben Gilberti for designing the fractal

    Unless otherwise stated, all articles are copyright © 2008-2015 Enocia Joseph. You have my permission to copy and distribute articles for personal use only. Please include the link to the particular blog. For any other use other than personal, and any comments you might have, please email

    I am the Magic.


    Articles in Alphabetical Order


    A Poem
    A Rose for a Rose
    And Why Not?
    Are You Tripping, Driver?


    Back on Track
    Be True To Yourself
    Beauty From the Inside Out
    Being the Magic
    Belief versus Knowing
    Believing is Seeing
    Bloody Immigrants!
    Breaking the Cycle
    Britain's Got Talent


    Cat Fight
    Call me a Romantic
    Cigarette Smoke, the Scholar and Sharing the Magic
    Cleaning Agent
    Cosmic Forces at Work


    Dancing with Your Heart
    Dear God, What is Your Will For Me? - Revisited
    Doing a T5
    Don't Worry, Bee Happy!
    Downward or Upward Spiral?
    Dreaming the Future


    Eight is the Magic Number
    Elvis is Alive!
    Every Journey is Magical
    Everything Always Works Out for the Best


    Fact or Fiction?
    Flashes of Inspiration
    Follow Your Nose!
    Food, Glorious Food
    For Animal Lovers
    Forever Young
    Friends in High Places


    Ghost Haunters
    Gifts of Love Come in Many Forms
    Give It Some Welly!
    God Doesn't Need a Helping Hand
    God Helps Those Who Help Themselves
    God is in the Details
    Going Green


    Hand in Hand - Revisited
    Hasta La Vista!
    Hasta La Vista - Part 2
    Hilarious! - 2
    How I Stay Fired Up
    How Funny!
    How Sweet!


    I Don't Believe It!
    I Don't Know Why I Love You
    I Have ALL the Time in the World
    I Knew It!
    I Love You, Really I Do
    Ideal Home
    Identical Twins
    If Not Now, How About Now?
    I'll Be There For You
    I'm Almost Impressed
    I'm Having a Sing-Song Day
    I'm Not Impressed!
    Internet Encyclopaedia
    Is Parenthood a Calling?
    It's a Sign!
    It's All in My Head
    It's Not Rocket Science, Is It?
    I've Got to Hand it to You


    Just Because I've Made My Bed Doesn't Mean I Have to Lie in It


    Keeping It Real


    Lessons in Love
    Life is a Drone
    Life is a Walk in the Park
    Life is Unfolding Perfectly
    Light of My Life
    Live Long and Prosper!
    Living Under Grace - Revisited
    Lost and Found
    Love is Magic
    Love is Magic - Part 2
    Love Songs of All Time
    Love Wins, Hands Down!


    Make Room for Magic and Wonder
    Man's Inalienable Right to Be a Sheep
    Message to a Dear Friend
    Mind Control
    Mistaken Identity
    More about Blessings
    More about Intercession
    More About My Romance with the Number 8
    More About Thoughts are Things
    My Area of Expertise
    My Kind of Guy
    My Kind of Bus Driver
    My Personal Shopper
    My Real Home
    My Stunt Double


    News Flash
    Nice Outfit!
    Nice Trip Down Memory Lane
    No Such Thing as You
    No Such Thing as Competition
    Nothing Can Separate Me from Love
    Nothing Can Separate Me from Love - 2
    Now Elephants are Coming Out of My Ears


    Of Mice and Men
    Oh Shit!
    On Being Polite
    One Love
    Out to Lunch


    Perfect Scores
    Pure Gold
    Purple Rhinoceros


    Quote of the Day
    Quote of the Day - 2
    Quote of the Day - 3


    Reality TV


    Saying Yes to Love - Revisited
    Search Engine
    Second Time Lucky
    Sharing the Wonder
    Short and Sweet
    Showing Mercy
    Simple Magic
    Slap and Tickle
    Smiles All Round
    Smiling Back Atcha!
    Song of the Day
    Song of the Day - 2
    Song of the Day - 3
    Song of the Day - 4
    Song of the Day - 5
    Song of the Day - 6
    Song of the Day - 7
    Song of the Day - 8
    Staying Awake is a Full Time Job
    Still Here!
    Surrender to Love - Revisited


    Thank You for Understanding
    That Tickles!
    The Artist
    The Depot Cat
    The Dog Trainer
    The Gator-Crasher
    The Hard Facts
    The Joy of Commuting
    The Lost Art of Bone Idleness
    The Love Paradox
    The Loves of My Life
    The Messenger
    The Pot of Gold at the End of the Rainbow
    The Power of Love
    The Power of Peace
    The Shape of Things to Come
    The Truth about Whingeing
    The Watchers
    The Wonder is There for All to Experience
    Theme Songs
    Thoughts are Things - Revisited
    Trimming the Hedges
    Two Fat Ladies - 88


    Unconditional Love
    Use it or Lose It


    Waging the Penny War
    What a Load of Bull!
    What About My Needs?
    What am I Grateful for Today?
    What is Abundance?
    What's New, Pussycat?
    When I Expect Wonder I Experience Wonder
    Where are All the Pigeons?
    Who is Thinking Whom? - Revisited
    Who Rules the Roost?
    Why I Believe in Belief
    Why I Travel Light
    Why Is this Illusion So Bloody Painful?
    Why the Inner Critic is Now My Greatest Ally
    Why the Universe Always Says Yes
    Windscreen Wipers


    You are Such a Tease!
    You Could Have Had Me at "Hello"
    You Had Me at "Hello"
              The Institute of Biblical Defense        
    Every once in a while I like to shake a few noggins clear with some radical departure from reality to deal with some real issues. What I like about The Institute of Biblical Defense is that it represents an opportunity to instill some 'thinking barbs' into creation theory. I sent them a diatribe of sorts..

    Being the product of a catholic upbringing and education, I am not new to the concept of the “uncaused cause”, since this idea was once raised for discussion in our high school’s Man in Society class, back in 9th grade. As I think back on it, any student who suggested possibilities as to the nature of this uncaused cause probably made himself potentially liable to allegations of heresy, but such is the fertile young mind that one could easily be forgiven. I presume that it is not a sin to think. It also takes some considerable years of serious study and introspection to arrive at some plausible semblance of a rational explanation for reality.

    The paper titled “The Cosmological Argument” contained smatterings of considerations already pondered in my past experiences dating from those early high school years. Having a natural tendency to extrapolate sense out of the complexities underlying a firm understanding of the fundamental nature of reality, I have decided that God and Science can be reconciled, that creationism and evolution can co-exist. In my research I have arrived at a model which, if Saint Bonaventure had known of it, would probably alter modern man’s way of thinking on the nature of God and of the Universe.

    I will not expound on the full extent of my theories, just the gist of it, and ask that you consider the following:

    • That the Universe was created out of the infinite density represented by nothing, which itself naturally represents infinite potential
    • That creation occurs at the periphery of the Universe, and that it will do so for perpetuity, according to that infinite potential
    • That space is as much a creation as the matter which displaces it
    • That time began when the Universe began and that nothing came before it
    • That creation eventually expires as it passes through its historical timeline, where what was once is no more, what is will pass, and what will be has every bit as much a finite temporal relationship with the time cones of past and future
    • That God exists if only by virtue of the evidence which we have to support this belief, but in reality he represents, from our experience, currently the highest form of evolved intelligence

    This brings us to what that “uncaused cause” was. Well, there was no uncaused cause! The Universe is created by the very profound and awesome depth of the idea that anything would exist at all, and that this impression manifests out of the potential difference which establishes itself as being relative to nothing. Intelligent life then must exist as a predisposition to the consciousness which must needs of course exist to initiate that very important and very heavy idea that begat it all. The idea is a premonition, which requires not the function of time, and which is nothing short of a foretelling of things to come. The entire Universe arises from a fractal expression, and can be considered to be predetermined. In that sense alone, it is an intelligent creation.

    The matters of history and humanity’s affairs in it, and the “natural tendency toward human degeneration” are essentially irrelevant. Finite, corporeal, cognizant entities must exist to satisfy the requirements for the predisposition to that idea which began the creation. Evidence shows us that the evolution of life for any specific place in the Universe is an accelerating process, therefore if life had manifested as a single colossal and infinitely occurring entity, it would have grown obsolete over time. Different stages of creation from the beginning in the past to the periphery of the Universe have different temporal relationships, because energy is temporary for any place in time. It will unravel and dissipate, even as the periphery represents the beginning of time for perpetuity, and the WMAP cold spot represents the place where the dynamics of existence once occurred and which has since expired.

    The bible teaches us that man is made in God’s image. In other words, he is like us, as much a product of the evolutionary and creative process of this Universe as are we, only he has about a billion years of evolution on us, making his capabilities even beyond our comprehension for the most part. Imagine what our capabilities, both technological and scientific, will be, if we are to survive in order to advance those arts for another billion years. We will probably also learn how to evict those energies from our corporeal and finite physical forms and to retain those energies which define our spiritual selves, to dwell forever in that realm that Carl Jung often referred to as “the Universal unconscious”. After all, the idea that a creator existed before this Universe existed is simply untenable, and to suppose that we are made in his image is therefore arrogant, egocentric, and vain, if this were so. How could God have evolved the same adaptations to an environment that had not yet even been created? Our legs are designed for running from predators - our arms, hands and fingers for fashioning the tools and creations of our civilizations. They are vestiges of the evolutionary process. Apes evolve into better apes, ants into better ants, bears into better bears. As humans, we became better humans and acquired a unique intelligence, possibly because we once pondered our origins, but also possibly because God facilitated this particular adaptation.

    God is able to work miracles to save lives and bring about the conception of individuals without human intervention, and on and more. Understand that there is technology behind those interventions, and that at the level where God works his technological miracles there is a very deep logical understanding of the way things work - not magic. God is also constrained by the laws of physics and the quantum and relativistic nature of reality. If one refuses to believe that, than one is deluded by blind faith. The spiritual and physical realms are both contained in this reality.

    One must remain practical, even at the risk of shattering the fragile illusion perpetrated by non-scientific and completely ideologically centered minds. That compendium of manuscripts, historical accounts, fables, poetry and song and parables etc, which writings by different authors occurred over a time span estimated to occupy 700 years or more and incidentally bound together into what are now referred to as “the holy scriptures”, are not infallible. Never mind the numerous rewrites, translations, interpretations, and accommodations that have been introduced throughout their history, they are what they always were - merely a collection of old manuscripts, important for their historical relevance and age. It introduces the concept of a God.

    Nowadays, anybody can write a book. Back then, not.

              Peace Revolution episode 057: How the Past Affects Our Future / Studying History… So It Doesn’t Repeat        
    itunes pic

    Notes, References, and Links for further study:

    1. Tragedy and Hope dot com
      1. Invitation to the Tragedy and Hope online community (link expires monthly)
      2. Log in page for the Tragedy and Hope online community
    2. Peace Revolution primary site (2009-2012)*
    3. Peace Revolution backup stream (2006-2012)*
      1. Includes the 9/11 Synchronicity Podcast (predecessor to Peace Revolution)
      2. *These 2 podcasts amount to 250+ hours of commercial-free educational content, which formulate a comprehensive and conscious curriculum.
      3. The Ultimate History Lesson dot com (the film, notes, references, transcript, etc.)
    4. Research Bonus Pack (fundraiser for media partners and JTG)
      1. Partner Coupon Codes:
      2. GnosticMedia
      3. CorbettReport
      4. MediaMonarchy
      5. SchoolSucks
      6. MeriaHeller
    5. The Ultimate History Lesson Official Playlist (on YouTube)
      1. The Ultimate History Lesson (Torrents)
      2. (Video) The Ultimate History Lesson (5+ hours / 1080p HD mp4)
      3. (Audio) The Ultimate History Lesson + Commentary (16+ hours / mp3)
      4. If you’re interested in downloading the torrent versions, please send an email to: with the word “torrent” in the subject line.
      5. What is a Torrent? (on Wikipedia)
      6. uTorrent (software to create and download torrent files)
    6. Reference Map to Episode 057:
    7. (minutes 0-10min) Richard’s introductory monologue
    8. (minutes 10-55) T&H Hosts Corbett Report Radio (week 2), featuring Tony Myers and Brett Veinotte / Topic: Hegel the Individual
    9.       Brett’s site:
    10.       Brett’s LIVE Show (Thurs. 10pm Eastern Time):
    11. (minutes 55-1h52m) Infowars Nightly News: “The Government is Raping You” an Interview with FBI whistleblower Sibel Edmonds conducted by Alex Jones (on YouTube)
    12. (1h52m-4h51m) Mae Brussell 1979 / Chronology: How the Past Affects Our Future (on YouTube)
    13. (4h51m-6h13m) School Sucks Podcast episode 143: Logic Saves Lives part 1: Foundation, Attitudes, and Values featuring Wes Bertrand of the Complete Liberty Podcast
    14.       Wes Bertand (on Amazon): “The Philosophy of Liberty” (2001)
    15. (END)
    16. References & Notes for Corbett Report Radio: Hegel the Individual
    17. Introduction
      1. 5 W’s
      2. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (Who)
      3. German Philosopher (What and Where)
      4. August 27, 1770 – November 14, 1831 (When)
      5. “I believe that in the course of my own development as a philosopher, I have recapitulated and give expression to the “autobiography” of the Absolute.” (Why)
    18. Historical Context
      1. Timeline of released works:
      2. The Phenomenology of Mind (1807)
      3. The Science of Logic (1812)
      4. Philosophy of Right (1821)
      5. Logic: Part One -Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences(1830)
      6. Philosophy of Nature: Part Two -Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1817)
      7. Philosophy of Mind: Part Three -Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1830)
      8. Lectures on the History of Philosophy (1833) – selections
      9. The Philosophy of History: Introduction (1837)
      10. Outlines of the Phenomenology (1840)
      11. Outlines of the Logic(1840)
    19. Sourced:
    20. Hegel’s Influences
      1. Friedrich Hölderlin
      2. Idealization of Greeks – Poetry as rift between Religion and Reason
      3. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
      4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
      5. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
      6. Friedrich Schiller
      7. French Revolution
      8. Immanuel Kant
        1. Critique of Pure Reason, Practical Reason, and Judgment
        2. Critique of Pure Reason asked posited the questions:
        3. How do we know what we know?
        4. How is knowledge possible?
        5. What can we know?
        6. What can we never expect to know?
        7. Kantian limits to reason and knowledge
        8. Kant believed that he had demonstrated that we can only know the world as it appears to us, and is experienced by us – not as it is “in itself”. Kant had not only provided a foundation for knowledge, he had at the same time also set limits to it. – Source: Introduction Hegel by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
    21. The Transcendent
    22. Responses to Kant’s Critiques
      1. Johann Gottlieb Fichte
      2. Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
      3. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
      4. All sought to rectify subjective vs. objective knowledge
      5. Enlightenment vs. Post Enlightenment Thought
      6. Kant attacked metaphysics and sought to create an inseparable barrier between Faith and Reason.
      7. Schelling and Hegel are Lutherans that ascribed to “inner freedom”. And the French Revolution externalized that “inner freedom”.
    23. German Idealism post Kant and the Enlightenment
    24. Meaning of Idealism - The word "idealism" has more than one meaning. The philosophical meaning of idealism here is that the properties we discover in objects depend on the way that those objects appear to us as perceiving subjects, and not something they possess "in themselves," apart from our experience of them. The very notion of a "thing in itself" should be understood as an option of a set of functions for an operating mind, such that we consider something that appears without respect to the specific manner in which it appears. The question of what properties a thing might have "independently of the mind" is thus incoherent for Idealism[citation needed][clarification needed].
    25. Central theme – the universe as a coherent whole and the role freedom plays in that conception
    26. Differences in formulating an underlying principle to Kant’s work
    27. Spinoza – Sought to show mind and matter as the same basic substance
    28. Schelling – The absolute as a “neutral identity” that underlies both the subject and the object
    29. Fichte – Philosophical system needs to be based on a single underlying principle – Absolute Subjectivity – i.e. All reality is a subjective (mind) whole
    30. Hegel – The Phenomenology of Spirit
    31. Absolute Idealism – “Hegel. It is Hegel's account of how being is ultimately comprehensible as an all-inclusive whole. Hegel asserted that in order for the thinking subject (human reason or consciousness) to be able to know its object (the world) at all, there must be in some sense an identity of thought and being. Otherwise, the subject would never have access to the object and we would have no certainty about any of our knowledge of the world. To account for the differences between thought and being, however, as well as the richness and diversity of each, the unity of thought and being cannot be expressed as the abstract identity "A=A". Absolute idealism is the attempt to demonstrate this unity using a new "speculative" philosophical method, which requires new concepts and rules of logic. According to Hegel, the absolute ground of being is essentially a dynamic, historical process of necessity that unfolds by itself in the form of increasingly complex forms of being and of consciousness, ultimately giving rise to all the diversity in the world and in the concepts with which we think and make sense of the world.
    32. Master-slave dialectic - The passage describes, in narrative form, the development of self-consciousness as such in an encounter between what are thereby (i.e., emerging only from this encounter) two distinct, self-conscious beings; the essence of the dialectic is the movement or motion of recognizing, in which the two self-consciousnesses are constituted each in being recognized as self-conscious by the other. This movement, inexorably taken to its extreme, takes the form of a "struggle to the death" in which one masters the other, only to find that such lordship makes the very recognition he had sought impossible, since the bondsman, in this state, is not free to offer it.It is a story or myth created by Hegel in order to explain his idea of how self-consciousness dialectically sublates into what he variously refers to as Absolute Knowledge, Spirit, and Science. As a work the Phenomenology may be considered both as an independent work, apparently considered by Hegel to be an a priori for understanding the Science of Logic, and as a part of the Science of Logic, where absolute knowledge is explained.
    33. History as Self-Realization – Patterns where the parts fit the whole, a fractal
    34. A pattern of subjective awareness of the pattern towards freedom, both intrinsically and extrinsically.
    35. The Hegelian Dialectic
    36. Attempted to create a new system of logic that would supplant Aristotle’s deduction syllogism
    37. Dialectical Thinking – Hegelian dialectic
    38. The concept of dialectics was given new life by Hegel (following Fichte), whose dialectically dynamic model of nature and of history made it, as it were, a fundamental aspect of the nature of reality (instead of regarding the contradictions into which dialectics leads as a sign of the sterility of the dialectical method, as Kant tended to do in his Critique of Pure Reason).[26][27] In the mid-19th century, the concept of "dialectic" was appropriated by Marx (see, for example, Das Kapital, published in 1867) and Engels and retooled in a non-idealist manner, becoming a crucial notion in their philosophy of dialectical materialism. Thus this concept has played a prominent role on the world stage and in world history. In contemporary polemics, "dialectics" may also refer to an understanding of how we can or should perceive the world (epistemology); an assertion that the nature of the world outside one's perception is interconnected, contradictory, and dynamic (ontology); or it can refer to a method of presentation of ideas and conclusions (discourse).
    39. According to Hegel, "dialectic" is the method by which human history unfolds; that is to say, history progresses as a dialectical process. Hegelian dialectic, usually presented in a threefold manner, was stated by Heinrich Moritz Chalybäus as comprising three dialectical stages of development: a thesis, giving rise to its reaction, an antithesis, which contradicts or negates the thesis, and the tension between the two being resolved by means of a synthesis. Although this model is often named after Hegel, he himself never used that specific formulation. Hegel ascribed that terminology to Kant.[28] Carrying on Kant's work, Fichte greatly elaborated on the synthesis model, and popularized it. On the other hand, Hegel did use a three-valued logical model that is very similar to the antithesis model, but Hegel's most usual terms were: Abstract-Negative-Concrete. Hegel used this writing model as a backbone to accompany his points in many of his works. The formula, Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis, does not explain why the Thesis requires an Antithesis. However, the formula, Abstract-Negative-Concrete, suggests a flaw in any initial thesis—it is too abstract and lacks the negative of trial, error and experience. For Hegel, the Concrete, the Synthesis, the Absolute, must always pass through the phase of the Negative, that is, Mediation. This is the actual essence of what is popularly called Hegelian Dialectics. To describe the activity of overcoming the negative, Hegel also often used the term Aufhebung, variously translated into English as "sublation" or "overcoming," to conceive of the working of the dialectic. Roughly, the term indicates preserving the useful portion of an idea, thing, society, etc., while moving beyond its limitations. (Jacques Derrida's preferred French translation of the term was relever).[29] In the Logic, for instance, Hegel describes a dialectic of existence: first, existence must be posited as pure Being (Sein); but pure Being, upon examination, is found to be indistinguishable from Nothing (Nichts). When it is realized that what is coming into being is, at the same time, also returning to nothing (in life, for example, one's living is also a dying), both Being and Nothing are united as Becoming.[30] As in the Socratic dialectic, Hegel claimed to proceed by making implicit contradictions explicit: each stage of the process is the product of contradictions inherent or implicit in the preceding stage.
    40. For Hegel, the whole of history is one tremendous dialectic, major stages of which chart a progression from self-alienation as slavery to self-unification and realization as the rational, constitutional state of free and equal citizens. The Hegelian dialectic cannot be mechanically applied for any chosen thesis. Critics argue that the selection of any antithesis, other than the logical negation of the thesis, is subjective. Then, if the logical negation is used as the antithesis, there is no rigorous way to derive a synthesis. In practice, when an antithesis is selected to suit the user's subjective purpose, the resulting "contradictions" are rhetorical, not logical, and the resulting synthesis is not rigorously defensible against a multitude of other possible syntheses. The problem with the Fichtean "Thesis-Antithesis-Synthesis" model is that it implies that contradictions or negations come from outside of things. Hegel's point is that they are inherent in and internal to things. This conception of dialectics derives ultimately from Heraclitus.Hegel has outlined that the purpose of dialectics is "to study things in their own being and movement and thus to demonstrate the finitude of the partial categories of understanding"[31]
    41. Sublation – Aristotle’s law of identity, particular self-identities in deductive patterns – Hegel sought to dissolve the static view in favor of a movement towards the whole
    42. The whole is fractal in nature; i.e. it preserves what it overcomes.  Therefore, it preserves contradictions as a movement towards a synthesis.
    43. Quantum Theory, Postmodern Cosmology, Chaos Theory, Computer Interfacing, and Ecology, as well as Cybernetics, ascribe to parts fitting into a whole.
    44. Sublation is the term that signifies the contradiction of overcoming and at the same time preserving that which it overcomes.
    45. Negation - Hegel calls this dynamic aspect of his thinking the power of "negation". It is by means of this "negativity" of thought that the static (or habitual) becomes discarded or dissolved, made fluid and adaptable, and recovers its eagerness to push on towards "the whole". Source: Introduction Hegel by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
    46. Dialectical thinking derives its dynamic of negation from its ability to reveal "contradictions" within almost any category or identity.
    47. Hegel's "contradiction" does not simply mean a mechanical denial or opposition. Indeed, he challenges the classical notion of static self-identity, A = A, or A not= non-A.
    48. By negation or contradiction, Hegel means a wide variety of relations difference, opposition, reflection or relation. It can indicate the mere insufficiency of a category or its incoherence. Most dramatically, categories are sometimes shown to be self-contradictory.
    49. Three Kinds of Contradiction
    50. Being – Nothing / Quantity – Quality
    51. Essence – Inner and Outer, Intrinsic and Extrinsic, Implicit and Explicit
    52. Concept – Particularity and Universality, out of which, abstractly, we see the opposed principles produces a synthesis called Individuality
    53. Thesis – Antithesis – Synthesis
    54. Thesis – A thought affirmed which on reflection proves itself unsatisfactory, incomplete or contradictory…
    55. Antithesis – Which propels the affirmation of its negation, the anti-thesis, which also on reflection proves inadequate…
    56. Synthesis – and so is again negated
    57. Kant’s Dialectic vs. Hegel’s Dialectic
    58. Kant’s dialectic logic of transcendent noumena “things in themselves”, which operates independently of experience
    59. Hegel’s view contrary to Kant’s transcendent is that of reality as a totality which gives true knowledge
    60. Absolute Knowledge - Knowing, for Hegel, is something you do. It is an act. But it is also presence of mind. Hegel seems to hold out the vision, even the experience, of thinking as self-presence. Of being present to, or with, oneself of being fully self-possessed, self-aware. Of self-consciousness as a huge cosmic accomplishment. Source: Introduction Hegel by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
    61. Reading Hegel gives one a sense that the movement of thought will coincide with a vision of harmony that awaits us at the end of the whole process. Every serious reader of Hegel can bear witness to the intoxication of such moments.
    62. Absolute Knowledge, in the form of the complete self-consciousness and self-possession of spirit, is only available at the end-point of the think process. But there is no distinction possible between the driving energy of thought and this sense of harmony and fulfilment in the whole. It is ultimately the universal which has the upper hand. As Hegel's Logic puts it ...
    63. Everything depends on the "identity of identity and non-identity".
    64. In philosophy, the latest birth of time is the result of all the systems that have preceded it, and must include their principles: and so, if, on other grounds, it deserves the title of philosophy, it will be the fullest, most comprehensive, and most adequate system of all.
    65. Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline
    66. Logic
    67. Philosophy of Nature
    68. Philosophy of Mind
    69. Philosophy of Right
    70. Moral Subjectivism
    71. Lectures on the Philosophy of World History
    72. Lectures on Aesthetics (or the Philosophy of Art)
    73. Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion
    74. Lectures on the History of Philosophy
    75. According to Hegel, the will is essentially free. This distinguishes us from the animals: having purposes and striving deliberately to achieve them. To possess a will means wanting to be free and therefore, to some extene, already being so, But only abstractly. The realization of freedom – its becoming actual – is as much social as personal. Source: Introduction Hegel by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
    76. The Philosophy of History - Source: Introduction Hegel by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
    77. History as showing a pattern, the logic conveys an idea, and that idea for Hegel is freedom.
    78. “So progress in the unfolding of spirit toward freedom is progress in liberation from subjection to nature”. - Hegel
    79. The unfolding of spirit, or freedom, in stages.
    80. The Three Stages of Freedom - Source: Introduction Hegel by Lloyd Spencer and Andrzej Krauze
    81. Stage One – the ancient Orient – only one (the ruler) is free.
    82. Stage Two – classical Antiquity – some (but not slaves) are free.
    83. Stage Three – the Christian-Germanic epoch – begins with the realization that all should be free, or, as Hegel puts it, that “man as man is free.”
    84. Arriving at the French Revolution and the Enlightenment (Illuminati?)
    85. Philosophies Post Hegel
    86. Positivism
    87. Existentialism
    88. Nihilism
    89. Marxism – Property is not something natural for Hegel, but founded on convention. This outlined Marx’s justifications for the inequitable distribution of wealth.

    Peace Revolution partner podcasts:

    Corbett Report dot com

    Media Monarchy dot com

    Gnostic Media Podcast

    School Sucks Project Podcast

    Meria dot net

    Other productions by members of the T&H network:

    The Ultimate History Lesson: A Weekend with John Taylor Gatto (2012) a journey into the dark heart of public schooling, revealing how America became incoherent, one student at a time.

    Navigating Netflix (2011) our video series wherein we conduct a critical analysis of films you might have missed; Navigating Netflix is available for free on YouTube.

    "Memories of a Political Prisoner", an interview with Professor Chengiah Ragaven, graduate of Oxford, Cambridge, and Sussex; AFTER he was a political prisoner, who was exiled from South Africa, during Apartheid. (2011)

    What You've Been Missing! (2011) is our video series focusing in on the history of corruption in our public education system.

    Top Documentary Films dot com: Hijacking Humanity by Paul Verge (2006)

    Top Documentary Films dot com: Exposing the Noble Lie (2010)

    Top Documentary Films dot com: The Pharmacratic Inquisition by Jan Irvin (2007)

    THANK YOU FOR YOUR SUPPORT! If you would like to donate so that we can continue producing independent media without commercial advertising, simply click the button below for a one-time donation:

    Alternatively, You can become a Member and Support our ability to create media for the public (while You make new friends and enjoy educating yourself along the way) by subscribing to the Tragedy and Hope Community: Monthly @ $14.95 / month

    Yearly @ $120.00 / year

    *Subscription details on

              Let It Go - Tema Filme Frozen - Idina Menzel - Piano - n.º 1141        

    Música vencedora do Oscar 2014.
    A Partitura completa desta música para Piano contém 08 Páginas, clique em PagSeguro e receba a partitura (pdf) e o áudio em piano oficial da partitura.

    Para comprar através de depósito ou transferência - R$ 15,99
    Após o pagamento envie o comprovante e o nome da música  para:

    Banco do Brasil
    Agencia 7010-6
    Poupança Variação 51 - n.º 190721-2
    Titúlar: Pericles Vilela Santos 

    Banco Caixa e Casas Lotéricas
    Agencia 0906
    Operação 001 - Conta Corrente n.º 20097-6
    Titular: Pericles Vilela Santos

    Banco Santander
    Agencia 0277
    Conta Poupança: 60001879-5
    Titular: Pericles Vilela Santos

    Let It Go

    The snow glows white on the mountain tonight
    Not a footprint to be seen
    A kingdom of isolation, and it looks like I'm the queen
    The wind is howling like this swirling storm inside
    Couldn't keep it in, heaven knows I've tried

    Don't let them in, don't let them see
    Be the good girl you always have to be
    Conceal, don't feel, don't let them know
    Well now they know

    Let it go, let it go
    Can't hold it back anymore
    Let it go, let it go
    Turn away and slam the door
    I don't care what they're going to say
    Let the storm rage on
    The cold never bothered me anyway

    It's funny how some distance
    Makes everything seem small
    And the fears that once controlled me
    Can't get to me at all

    It's time to see what I can do
    To test the limits and break through
    No right, no wrong, no rules for me
    I'm free!

    Let it go, let it go
    I am one with the wind and sky
    Let it go, let it go
    You'll never see me cry
    Here I stand
    And here I'll stay
    Let the storm rage on

    My power flurries through the air into the ground
    My soul is spiraling in frozen fractals all around
    And one thought crystallizes like an icy blast
    I'm never going back, the past is in the past

    Let it go, let it go
    And I'll rise like the break of dawn
    Let it go, let it go
    That perfect girl is gone
    Here I stand
    In the light of day
    Let the storm rage on
    The cold never bothered me anyway

    Deixe Ir

    A neve branca brilha na montanha hoje à noite
    Nem uma pegada para ser vista
    Um reino de isolamento, e parece que eu sou a rainha
    O vento está uivando como esta tempestade rodopiando dentro de mim
    Não consegui segurá-la, Deus sabe que eu tentei

    Não deixe que eles entrem, não deixe que eles vejam
    Seja a boa menina que você sempre teve que ser
    Esconda, não sinta, não deixe que eles saibam
    Bem, agora eles sabem

    Deixe ir, deixe ir
    Não posso segurar mais isso
    Deixe ir, deixe ir
    Desvio e bato a porta
    Eu não ligo para o que vão dizer
    Deixe a tempestade em fúria
    O frio nunca me incomodou de qualquer maneira

    É engraçado como uma certa distância
    Faz tudo parecer pequeno
    E os medos que uma vez me controlaram
    Não chegam nem perto de mim

    É hora de ver o que posso fazer
    Testar os limites e rompê-los
    Sem certo, sem errado, sem regras para mim
    Eu estou livre!

    Deixe ir, deixe ir
    Eu sou única como o vento e o céu
    Deixe, deixe ir
    Você nunca vai me ver chorar
    Aqui estou eu
    E aqui eu vou ficar
    Deixe a tempestade em fúria

    Meu poder se agita através do ar em direção ao chão
    Minha alma é uma espiral em fractais congelados
    E um pensamento cristaliza como uma explosão de gelo
    Eu nunca vou voltar, o passado está no passado

    Deixe ir, deixe ir
    E eu irei ascender como o amanhecer
    Deixe ir, deixe ir
    Aquela menina perfeita se foi
    Aqui estou eu
    À luz do dia
    Deixe a tempestade em fúria
    O frio nunca me incomodou de qualquer maneira

              A Year of Reading        
    After reading Tina Connolly's recent post about what she's read in the past year, I decided to do the same. For now, though, mine is just a list of titles. Maybe if I find time, I'll come back and flesh this out a bit.

    I'm pretty sure that this list isn't complete (I'll add more as I remember them), and I'm not sure that all of these were actually read during the 2013 calendar year (I might have read a few of them in the final months of 2012). In any case, I only listed books that I'd recommend reading.

    I also read a few hundred short stories (many of them were slush for a magazine and many others were works-in-progress, by friends), but I'll save my list of them (the published ones) for another (unlikely to ever materialize) post.

    Oh, and I haven't finished Nicola Griffith's Hild yet, but it's shaping up to be one of the best books ever. Really. Go out and buy it, people. It is truly amazing. I can hardly wait to get back to it. In fact... why the heck am I blogging when I could be reading Hild?

    Enough said. Here's the list:

    A Dance with Dragons by George R.R. Martin
    The Hydrogen Sonata by Iain M. Banks
    Among Others by Jo Walton
    Cat's Cradle by Kurt Vonnegut
    The Ocean at the End of the Lane by Neil Gaiman
    Heart-Shaped Box by Joe Hill
    The Shining and Doctor Sleep by Stephen King
    We Are All Completely Beside Ourselves by Karen Joy Fowler
    The Fractal Prince by Hannu Rajaniemi
    The Age of Ice by J.M. Sidorova
    Hild by Nicola Griffith

    Comics and Graphic Novels
    Locke & Key (vols. 1-5) by Joe Hill
    From Hell by Alan Moore
    Saga (vols. 1-2) by Brian K. Vaughan

    Short Fiction Collections and Anthologies
    Hair Side, Flesh Side by Helen Marshall
    At the Mouth of the River of Bees by Kij Johnson
    Remember Why You Fear Me by Robert Shearman
    Unpossible by Daryl Gregory
    Telling Tales: The Clarion West 30th Anniversary Anthology

    The Big Burn by Timothy Egan

    Creative Commons License
              â€˜Intake’ Review        
    Let me prepare you for ‘Intake’ with two quick words: WUB WUB! That’s right my friends, you’re about to go Dubsteppy. Nope, it’s not the Dubpocalypse, it is just ‘Intake’, an at first unassuming arcade effort from he dudes and ladies at Cipher Prime. They’re the people who made ‘Splice‘ and ‘Fractal‘, two fantastic games. Needless…
              the most beautiful vegetable: Chinese broccoli        
    What: Kai-lan, known as Chinese broccoli, a staple of dim sum restaurants and Chinese New Year celebrations.

    Why: Kai-lan makes your heart feel super-happy. Like other Brassica family members, Chinese broccoli megadoses you with vitamin C, fiber, and beta-carotene, and can knock cancer to the curb. But unlike the Calabrese broccoli that you might see in the supermarket, it won't terrify your children. That's because it doesn't have Calabrese broccoli's fractal-headed alien appearance. If regular broccoli had a friendly Nickelodeon character grinning back at four-year-old me, with a tiger and a koala and a whatever that thing on the balloon is, and my mom told me that she wanted me to eat the yummy green snack that shared that character's name, I would be demanding it in my Dora the Explorer lunchbox. You would too.

    Impact: Well, China named a cartoon after it, which means that Chinese children must eat it. Quite a lot of it, in fact. The People's Republic of China is the largest consumer of broccoli in the world, and—well, okay, they're the largest consumer of every edible thing in the world, but trust me, they love their kai-lan. And they should. Chinese broccoli is more succulent, more meaty, and more uplifting in taste than traditional broccoli, and it goes perfectly with plum sauce.

    Personal Connection: I ate an entire plate of it today during our celebration of the Year of the Rabbit. (Hoppy New Year!) This likely flabbergasts my mother, because for most of my childhood, I could not stand broccoli. Or at least I kept telling myself I couldn't stand broccoli, even though I probably went a decade refusing to eat it. But what I really couldn't stand was my mental picture of the broccoli I ate as a very young child. Eating kai-lan in the Chinese and Vietnamese restaurants of Chicago's Edgewater neighborhood made me understand why my mom wanted me to eat it. Well, that and the whole beta-carotene thing, but that still doesn't work on me.

    Other Contenders: corn on the cob, eaten close to harvest so the sugar hasn't yet turned to starch; its counterpart baby corn, which dispenses with the whole humans-can't-eat-corncobs nonsense; the black Spanish radish, so hot it's like eating an entire canister of black pepper; the globe artichoke, which may have the lowest edible content-to-weight ratio of any vegetable, but makes up for it in its frequent proximity to melted butter; the humble chickpea, the basis of everything that's right with the Middle East; the pearl onion, which makes all that peeling and crying seem worthwhile; the flower of the Humulus plant, which makes this activity possible.
              the most beautiful nerd-rock song: Mandelbrot Set        
    What: "Mandelbrot Set," Jonathan Coulton's fantastical tribute to mathematician Benoît Mandelbrot, whose contributions to fractal geometry were only slightly less legendary than the demon-slaying versions found in the song. Here's Pisut Wisessing's brilliant video to the song, though it doesn't use the complete lyrics. For that, listen to it on JoCo's website.

    Why: Nerd rock (or, sometimes, "geek rock") is a genre spawned in the 1990s by musicians weaned on art-rock bands Talking Heads, Oingo Boingo, and XTC. Defining the term "idiosyncratic" better than any other musical genre, nerd rock is played by people who are not ashamed of being smart, except when it's actually about being ashamed of being smart. Former programmer Jonathan Coulton seems to have settled into the role of the king of nerd rock, with songs featuring the themes of office politics in zombieland, extreme cosmetic surgery, and awkward love in a supervillain lair. (Among a million others. Download them all at Coulton's website.) His tour de force is about perhaps the geekiest subject of all: math. Writing for a series of lectures by John Hodgman on the topic of things named after people, Coulton brought the mind-shattering work of Benoît Mandelbrot to an audience that might not understand it, but would come to love it. "Mandelbrot Set" cast the recursive shape as a Rorschach Test on fire, a day-glo pterodactyl, a heart-shaped box of springs and wire, and, most pointedly, one badass fucking fractal. Can't argue.

    Impact: Colossal, at least to the audience that reads Penny Arcade and follows Wil Wheaton on Twitter. On the list of scientific formulas known by the American public, the M-set is now #2 all time, right behind e=mc2. Like the Preamble to the Constitution, this generation can recite one of the pillars of fractal geometry theory word for word. (Also like reciting the "of the United States"-challenged Preamble from Schoolhouse Rock, we're doing it wrong. The bridge describes a Julia set, not a Mandelbrot set. Eh, it's a better lyric the way JoCo wrote it.)

    Personal Connection: Mandelbrot really is in heaven now, having passed away on Friday. Here's my Wired interview with Coulton on the subject. Coulton described to me the Julia set error as an epic fail, but I think it's an epic win. Now, the youth of America knows two fractal geometry formulas.

    Other Contenders: They Might Be Giants' genre-establishing "Birdhouse in Your Soul", in all likelihood the only song sung by a nightlight to a caged blue canary; The Presidents of the United States of America's meow remix, "Kitty"; Barenaked Ladies' affecting tribute to troubled musical genius "Brian Wilson"; Weird Al Yankovic's reflective "Bob"; Paul and Storm's ridiculously overlong "The Captain's Wife's Lament", here done with fellow pirate Wil Wheaton at PAX; the Boston Typewriter Orchestra's keyed-up rendition of the Surfaris' "Wipe-Out," renamed (of course) "Wite-Out".
              experiencias con la salvia divinorum        

    No hay nada más difícil que intentar describir una experiencia con Salvia Divinorum, especialmente cuando empiezan a pasar los minutos después de la experiencia, cuando los recuerdos empiezan a retirarse silenciosamente hacia la parte trasera del cerebro, hasta que sólo nos queda la reminiscencia ensoñada de la experiencia


    by roy
    he fumado varias veces salvia y sin duda cada experiencia es igual de fuerte que la primera aunque ya con la experiencia de saber que esperar. 
    pero les contare la primera vez que sentí los efectos de la salvia anteriormente ya había fumado pero no obtenía resultados por el encendedor así que me compre un soplete.
    una vez que tuve todo listo prepare mi hookah con hojas de salvia y extracto 20x y con soplete en mano comenze a inhalar no esperaba los efectos tan rápidos pero a la tercera calada me olvide por completo que estaba haciendo y mi mente se transportocomenze a ver el humo que salida de la hookah y de pronto ya no era humo era una cascada de agua y comenze a viajar a otra dimensión después llegaron las risas y después de un rato la relajación total me recoste en mi cama y disfrute de la relajación hasta quedarme dormido sin duda una gran experiencia que no se compara con otra sustancia


    by Deira
    Consumí Salvia por primera y única vez (hasta ahora) enun parque de Nueza Zelanda. Estaba acompañado por mi novia. Compramos un gramo de 10x y yo fuí el primero en probarla en una pequeña pipa. puse algo así como una décima parte de la dosis, le di fuego e inhale profundo, manteniendola en mis pulmones.
    Todavía no había soltado el humo cuando empezó repentinamente el efecto. No fue para nada gradual, fue como entrar de golpe en otra realidad.
    Comencé a sentir que el suelo comenzaba a aspirarme con mucha fuerza, me derretía al mismo tiempo que una "voz" me transmitía que era mi fin, que toda la "realidad" como yo la concebía había caducado, estaba desapareciendo del mundo material, esfumándome.
    Los primeros segundos fueron, en cierta manera, agradables, pero al pasar el tiempo se acrecentaba la intensidad y cada vez la "aspiradora" era mas fuerte.
    Toda esta percepción física era acompañada por una sensación completa de vacío espiritual, realmente sentía que se me había terminado el tiempo, que era el FIN, que estaba dejando de pertenecer a esta realidad para pasar a desintegrarme, a ser la nada misma.
    Intentaba hablar y no podía, tampoco podía mover los brazos ni el cuerpo.
    Miraba la cara de mi novia y solo eran claros sus ojos y nariz, de ahí para abajo todo se fundía en una cascada de colores que se iba diluyendo vertiginosamente.

    Quería que me ayude a salir de ahí, me decía, "tranquilo, no pasa nada" y para mi me estaba dejando morir. Sentía que ella se quedaba en el "mundo" y yo me iba! me sentía completamente traicionado y no podía entender como me estaba dejando terminar así. A todo esto se sumaba una ridícula imagen, CREANLO o NO, VEÍA A EL CONEJO BUGS BUNNY COMIENDO UNA ZANAHORIA MIENTRAS SE BURLABA DE MI!!! y no fué una imágen fugaz, el conejo estuvo como 3 minutos parado mirandome con la mano en la cintura y su actitud soberbia y burlona, mientras se me reía en la cara...
    fueron como dos o tres minutos de esté viaje pésimo, oscuro, cruel y pesado, que yo no percibí porque estaba fuera del tiempo. Lentamente fuí volviendo en mí, pero la hora siguiente fué bastante confusa, no entendía muy bien porque estaba acá, que estaba haciendo o para que estaba vivo... al cabo de 2 o tres horas volví a mi estado "normal".

    Después busque algo de información y me di cuenta que había tenido una pequeña sobredosis, hay que comenzar con mucho menos y parece que es agradable, así que violvería a probar, pero con mucha menos cantidad...

    bueno,esa fué mi experiencia con Salvia Divinorum. Cualquier opinión o lo que sea pueden escribirme a

    experiencias con la mística Salvia Divinorum

    by Erick rp
    he consumido salvia ya varias veces y la verdad por mas que trates de contra y contar los secretos de aya es como si tantos pero tantos secretos te dijeran, que no pudieras contarlos aquí (en este plano)
    uno de mis viajes mas impresionantes:
    era como la 5ta vez que fumaba compre salvia de 10x y dije, no pues no me pegara, me había metido de 40 y por ese motivo creí eso, pero no fue así
    la fume con una pipa con filtro, puse musica, un mantra budista, y todo empezó, de pronto mi cuerpo se fue, era yo representado por mi mente, no había espacio para pensar, solo para actuar, era yo como un esperma en medio de un plano como las ilustraciones del artista Alex gray, yo iba recorriendo el plano sin noción alguna, de pronto vi una escena en una tienda de abarrotes como si todo fuera real (lo cual si lo es) estaba yo en esa tienda con una tía, la cual me decía escoge... lo que quieras! yo tomaba unas papas" y al momento de que las tomaba todo se desprendía como en 1000 planos (increíblemente) la escena de la tienda con mi tía se hizo verdad :O
    después de la división de planos yo tomaba un camino y de ahí aparecía en un circo, lo cual siento que significa que tiene mucha relación conmigo por que todas mis personas cercanas y queridas que han fumado salvia tienen una etapa del viaje en un circo :O
    después de ahí perdí recuerdo de todo y al salir del viaje, siempre ocupo los últimos efectos para meditar, comencé a concentrarme y logre ver mi aura o no se si vi mi chakra de la garganta, veía como humo (como cuando hace mucho calor y en la sombra se ve como el humito, calor) el humo era azul un azul tan bonito, como neón después serré nuevamente los ojos para que ya los efectos terminaran, por q después de un buen rato te cansa la desprendicion de tu alma del cuerpo,
    todo eso se logra con la ejercitación de recordar tus sueños con un libro de sueños, sin ello no podrías recordar bien tus viajes , otra cosa es que a partir de unas cuantas veces todo ya se te hace familiar, tienes el control mas y mejor tiempo etc
    la salvia en pocas palabra te conecta contigo mismo y te habré tremendamente tu tercer ojo :)) pero ojo tienes que ponerle un respeto y cuidado no es cualquier cosa, respetala y conocela y tu vida será mejor en todos los aspectos :))


    by GrisDivinorum
    Era de noche y era la primera vez que absorbía el dulce sabor de la salvia, luego de exhalar, vi como la luna llena se acercaba rápidamente a mí hasta tenerla luminosa de frente, sentí que era fácil tocarla.
    Luego todo obscureció y la mente se me desprendió, vi mi mente, me salí de ella, vi y sentí como se me arrancaba y yo quedaba en otro sitio dimensional, el control de mí entonces escapaba, comencé a sentir temor, yo solo era emociones, mi razón y mi conciencia me habían abandonado.

    Todo comenzó a girar y me sentía girando descontroladamente siendo yo como pintura multicolor que en un gran remolino no podía frenar su circular movimiento. Me sentí desesperada, quería regresar, veía los ecos de mi mente e intentaba recordar como había sido el que se me desprendiera la mente.
    Pensé muy sinceramente que estaba sintiendo lo que sienten quienes pierden la razón y desesperados desean retornar. Quería retornar, no podía, seguía en aquel remolino en cuyo centro estaban mis pies y de tantos giros sentía como si fuera a quedar atorada en alguna maquinaria o como si me fueran a arrancar los pies ante tanto giro, pues estaba absorbida en el frenético remolino.

    Después la piel por un costado se me abrió y comencé a ver los pliegues de mi carne como cuando remueves rápidamente todas las paginas de un libro...

    Deseaba detenerlo todo y regresar de donde había partido. Ansiosamente quería mi mente y regresar. Estaba angustiada, sentí como caía al vacío. Iba en un carrusel a gran velocidad, pero era tal la velocidad que veía como me deformaba y dentro de tal fuerza sentía que ingresaba a una dimensión muy distinta, me sentía jaloneada como imagen distorsionada por la fuerza y la velocidad, tuve miedo, sentí que me desvanecía entre aquello, comencé a pedir ayuda, veía manos distantes, no podía agarrarlas, dije en voz alta que ya no quería jugar, que quería regresar, seguí en ese viaje un rato más, sintiéndome ansiosa y angustiada al no tener control de mi y de la situación. Me sentía avasallada por encontrarme sin escapatoria en un hecho muy vivencial.

    Al fin regrese, no comprendía nada, pero me sentía muy aliviada de haber salido de aquel alucin.

    ...Cierto día quise tener la oportunidad de conocer mi mente... está noche me mostró su poderío...

    Viajar por la mente es emprender un gran viaje por el inicio de nuestras etimologías más profundas.


    la noche florece en silencio que está noche había conocido mi mente y su poderío. 

    una niña de nuevo...

    by Una niña de nuevo
    (Stephanie Gonzalez, de mexico df)

    todo empezo hace algunos meses que escuche de esta planta, estuve investigando en internet y preguntandole a varios amigos como habia sido su experiencia y escuche desde un " es parecido al LSD por las alusinaciones que causa" hasta un " altamente recomendable es la experiencia psicodelica mas fuerte que he tenido", mi novio y yo comenzamos a buscar la salvia por todos lados desde internet hasta tiendas de bongs y esas cosas hasta que hace 4 dias encontre salvia de 60x.. fuimos a teotihuacan 2 amigos mi novio y yo, preparamos una pipa y todos tubimos una experiencia ligera pues no fue mucho lo que habiamos fumado, subimos a las piramides y regresamos a casa... Aqui en casa preparamos un lugar con una manta y varias velas al rededor saque un bong de agua y fui la primera en fumar, deje todo el tiempo el encendedor prendido y me di el jalon mas fuerte que pude y contube el humo hasta que mi cuerpo empezo a hundise como en un tunel y yo veia mi cuerpo muy adelante de mi de pronto en un segudo ya me encontraba sentada de niña en el mismo jardin pero era de dia y mi madre me llamaba desde la ventana yo me encontraba con 3 entidades femeninas cuyos razgos no puedo describir como humanos, cuando intente volver a la "realidad" no podia recordar a donde tenia que regresar, no sabia si estaba muerta y tenia que dejar ir la vida o si estaba dormida y tenia que despertar o si tenia que levantarme e ir con mi mama o si tenia que regresar a otro momento el que si era "real" ( donde estaba yo fuamndo con mis amigos en el jardin) pero un terrible panico invadio todo mi ser pues este momento no lo podia recordar y tube una lucha fisica y mental para poder regresar, mis amigos y novio dicen que patie con gran fuerza el suelo y que sali corriendo, en verdad fue la experiencia mas alucinogena que he tenido y no la recomendaria a personas que sufren al no estar en control de una situacion.

    Leelo te servira ¡¡¡¡

    by LLeelo te servira ¡¡¡¡

    Hola a todos, bueno les cuento yo he probado la salvia 2 veces una arrancando este año y anoche fue la segunda, he probado Semillas de yopo y Yahe o ayashuasca y la experiencia es mooooyy parecida.
    Mi escena fue la siguiente, eran las 12 de la noche, me acoste en mi habitacion tenia extracto de 10x y hojas de salvia, puse en una pipa un poco de hojas y por encima puse algo de extracto para que este se quemara de primero, un encendedor normal la verdad no es necesario el encendedor de butano, creanme que el viaje te lo pegas con llama azul o amarilla.... =@) un consejo haganlo acompañados para que alguien de mucha confianza los cuide ¡¡¡¡¡¡
    Bueno arrancando le di dos caladas aguante el aire lo mas que pude en ambas y en 10seg estas volando..........las sensaciones son brutales, no se si les haya pasado ha algunos el sonidito piiiiiiiiiiiiiii en las orejas inmediantamente despues un calor en el cuerpo, algo de sudor, sientes que el cuerpo empieza a teblar o a vibrar es como un hormigueo en el cuerpo, no como fiebre o escalofrios algo asi nooo, el cuerpo pesado algo lento, el tiempo se siente como mas lento, la verdad senti que me estaba saliendo del cuerpo y lo peor es que estaba consciente ¡¡¡¡¡ ahi es donde te entra el panico jejeje lo que yo dije fue " ahora si estire la pata ¡¡¡ ) .............dicen que estos mismos sintomas lo sientes todas las noches cuando duermes.........que el alma sale del cuerpo la diferencia es que no estamos tan conscientes cuando pasa porque estamos pensando en chorradas del dia y tu mente no esta aca como cuando te calas la salvia que lo vives de frente aqui y ahora ¡¡¡¡¡
    POr esto es importante que alguien te cuide, normalmente cuando duermes el cerebro segrega un sustancia que paraliza el cuerpo eso es para que no te pares sonanbulo y la cagues, cuanto te calas la salvia vas a soñar pero quien te paraliza???? ahi es donde entran tus cuates = P
    De ahi en adelante pasas a otro nivel, entras como en otra dimension el tiempo no existe solo estas tuuuu y ahi viene lo que cuentan de despersonalizacion, no sabes quien eres y tratas de aferrarte a lo que conoces, a tu vida, a tus recuerdos a tu familia eso porque te sales del cuerpo y como que no quieres estar asi y quieres volver rapido a lo que conoces y ahi es cuando dices POR QUE ME CALE ESTA COÑADA ¡¡¡¡¡ )

    Despues de esto se pone mas loco todavia ya no importa NADA si fuiste bueno o malo o que hiciste o fuiste en tu persibe algo de soledad y bueno para mi lo mas importante del viaje el mensaje al estar en esa dimension o plano que tambien lo he sentido con varias plantas.......Es sentir que haces parte de alguien mas, de otro como explicarlo, mirate el brazo, veras pelos bueno solo si no te depilas....=@) es como si tu fueras uno de eso pelos, tu familia y demas fueran mas pelos que te acompañan no importa si ese pelo es bueno, malo, alto o chico igual da y que en algun momento el dueño de ese cuerpo se quita uno y ya esta..............asi de facil no se si esto es lo que quieren decir con que el universo es fractal.....que todo esta vivo y tiene consciencia que dentro de nosotros hay seres y comunidades y que nosotros estamos dentro de otro ser y ese dentro de otro.............Bueno no se ¡¡¡¡¡¡
    A todos les diria que si lo van a hacer cierren los ojos y dejense ir no se aferren a nada que igual van a volver o ya seriamos muchos lo caleros que estariamos del otro lado ¡¡¡ ) y una cosa mas que siempre ha acompañado este tipo de viajes la sensacion de vuelta ya cuando regresas que es fenomenal como de vuelta a casa.......como algo que te dice SAL Y DISFRUTA LA VIDA, HAZ LO QUE SIEMPRE HAZ QUERIDO HACER CON LAS PERSONAS QUE AMAS Y DEJA DE PENSAR CHORRADAS ¡¡¡¡
    Un abrazo a todos y espero que les haya servido de algo mi experiencia =@)

    Les dejo un link:

    Experiencia Salvia Divinorum --- Martha

    Escape Inesperado de Este Mundo

    Experiencia Salvia Divinorum --- Martha, Montreal

    Nota: Esta experiencia Salvia Divinorum ha sido traducida del inglés por los editores de The-Salvia-Dream, por lo que podría haber inexactitudes en la experiencia escrita por el autor/a.

    Este es un pequeño reporte sobre mi primera (y única) experiencia con Salvia Divinorum, hubiese deseado conocer un poco acerca de la Salvia antes de haberla probado, pero fue una experiencia maravillosa de cualquier manera:

    Hace alrededor de un mes mi y mi mejor amiga estabamos disfrutando un fin de semana calmado, fumando marihuana y viendo películas en la casa de mi amiga.

    El sábado, unos amigos de ella vinieron a visitar y estaban ansiosos por probar la Salvia Divinorum, ya que acababan de recibir su paquete por correo... Yo he fumado marihuana por muchos años, pero nunca había probado otra droga, así que estaba un poco insegura de probar la Salvia.

    Sus amigos cargaron la pipa y uno de ellos decidió probarla primero (creo que era un extracto 10x). Para mantener el reporte corto, 10 minutos después él estaba de regreso a la normalidad diciéndonos que definitivamente teníamos que probarla. Me pareció un viaje relajado y corto, así que decidí fumar.

    La primera calada que le dí me hizo toser, no por que el humo fuese molesto, sino por que absorbí demasiado humo y no me esperaba el sabor. Después inhalé de nuevo e intenté mantenerlo por el mayor tiempo posible...

    No recuerdo muy bien que pasó después, no sentí ninguna transición o transformación, de repente me encontré en un lugar distinto, y ni siquiera estaba consciente de que acababa de fumar Salvia... Me dí cuenta que no estaba sola en ese cuarto y que había personas alrededor de mí, sin embargo no tenía idea de quienes eran o de por qué estaba sentada junto a ellos.

    Una de ellas estaba mirándome y movía su boca, me dí cuenta de que si me concentraba podría romper la barrera invisible que nos separaba y descifrar algún signficado de los ruidos que seguía haciendo con su boca: e preguntaba que si estaba bien y, tan pronto como escuché estas palabras me dí cuenta que ella ea mi mejor amiga y que de alguna manera había logrado seguirme a este extraño lugar para cuidarme. Este pensamiento me causó una risa incontrolable que duró varios minutos, reí tanto que a pesar de las lágrimas del dolor de estómagoq ue sentía, no podía parar de reír, había algo indescriptiblemente cómico en la situación, y no me dejaba parar.

    Unos minutos después sentí como si un ser invisible estuviese tomando mi alma, mi escencia o lo que sea y lo metía de vuelta en mi cuerpo. Fue como si después de haber sido dejada en libertad para viajar a un lugar o dimensión que siempre ha estado ahí pero que no lo podemos contemplar físicamente, era tiempo de volver al mundo de materia al que hemos sido condicionados a funcionar y confiar.

    Y éste es el sentimiento que recuerdo más vívidamente, justo cuando de pronto paré de reir y me hize conciente de que acababa de fumar algo raro que estas personas habían traído.

    Cuando "regresé a mi misma", mi amiga me contó que durante el viaje yo decía "Las barreras deben evaporarse" cada vez que ella me preguntaba algo, y algo que me sorprendió fue que según los presentes, solo 15 minutos habían pasado desde que había fumado el extracto de Salvia Divinorum.

    La Salvia Divinorum no es una broma, es un psycodélico muy poderoso y le tengo un gran respeto a este alucinógeno. He pensado acerca de esta experiencia Salvia Divinorum muchas veces y me gustaría vivirla otra vez; esta vez en un lugar más familiar como mi cuarto con mi amiga como cuidadora.
    Martha P., Montreal

              génération spontanée        

    Ce n'est pas anodin de constater qu'il n'y a qu'une forme qui permet de visualiser une constante de croissance (ou de génération) qui équivaut à la racine carrée de deux. Cette forme est de base heptaèdrique, par sept. Elle permet de visualiser l'espace plane, le volume et le mouvement. 7, nombre polymorphe linéairement heptagonal comme carré, est harmonique du nombre d'or (1.6180339887...), proportion symétrique et fondatrice en perspective. L'heptaèdre permet par delà d'envisager toutes les autres constantes naturelles, comme celle de la racine carrée de cinq, limite du périmètre d'expansion des branches constituant la ramure d'un arbre par rapport à son tronc (loi fractale). Ou la racine carrée de trois, informelle... soit 10/7, 16/7 ou 12/7.... 

    Il n'y a pas d'autre moyen de mesurer la dimension naturelle de l'existence que de comprendre celle fondatrice du chiffre 7. On approche aussi pi par 22/7 (Archimède).

    N'y a-t-il pas ici un rappel de quelque chose que notre mode sociétal aurait pu avoir oublié depuis Babylone (ou un peu avant...), ce qui nous fait unanimement maudire les mathématiques et relèguer l'arithmologie au rang d'occultisme?


    génération spontanée





              JUAL DVD Games HD ANDROID SUPER LENGKAP DAN UPDATE 2014        

    List Game HD :
    Asphalt 8: Airborne v1.6.0e [Mod Money]
    Real Racing 3 apk v2.6.2 [Mod Money+Cars]
    République v1.0
    Unmechanical v1.01
    EPOCH.2 v1.3.3
    FIFA 15 Ultimate Team V.1.1.0
    Asphalt.Overdrive v.1.0.0k
    Spider-Man Unlimited v1.0.0i [Mod Money]
    Anomaly Defenders v1.0
    Kritika Chaos Unleashed v2.5.4
    Modern Combat 3 FallenNation v1.1.3
    Magic 2015 v1.0.3071
    DRAGON QUEST IV v1.0.1
    TKofF 98 v1.0 [kracked]
    Injustice Gods Among Us.v2.1.1
    FIFA 15 Ultimate Team v1.0.6 [Non-Root Patched]
    The Dark Knight Rises v1.1.6 Mod [Unlimited Credits SP]
    Asphalt 8: Airborne v1.5.0h [Mod Money/Fixed]
    The Great Prank War v1.0.0
    Batman Arkham Origins v1.2.4 [Mod Money]
    Modern Combat 5 Blackout v1.0.2f
    F18 Carrier Landing II Pro v1.0
    Thomas Was Alone v1.0.2
    Jacob Jones - Episode 1 v1.0.3
    FRONTLINE COMMANDO 2 v3.0.1 [Unlimited Money]
    Hitman Go v1.10.21730M
    The Amazing Spider-Man 2 v1.1.0ad[Offline]
    Disney XD Grand Prix v1.0
    Echoes Deep-sea Exploration v1.0.
    Formula Force Racing v1.0
    Monsters Ate My Birthday Cake v1.0.1
    Superfrog HD v1.0
    WH40k Storm of Vengeance v1.4
    Rochard v1.50.38
    Age of Zombies v1.2.4.rar
    Card Wars - Adventure Time v1.0.8
    Monsters Ate My Birthday Cake v1.0
    Samurai II Vengeance v1.1.2
    Spy vs Spy v1.0.0
    Underworld Empire v0.1.0
    Warhammer 40_000 Carnage v182886
    Wartune Hall of Heroes v1.0.0
    Evolution Battle for Utopia v1.4
    Fifa 14 v.1.3.6 worlcup
    Godzilla Strike Zone
    Edge of Tomorrow Game
    Chinese Zombie War 2 Demon Arise
    Worms 3 v1.77
    Football Cup Real World Soccer v1.0.0 [Mod Money]
    King of the Course Golf v1.1 [Mod Money]
    Ottomania v1 [Mod Money
    Toy Defense 4 Sci-Fi v1.0.3
    Eternal Journey v1.0 [Full]
    PORTAL v.23 (tegra 3 only)
    AVP - Evolution v1.6.1
    Alice - Behind the Mirror v1.0.34
    Asphalt 8 Airborne v1.3.2a [Unlimited Money Star Xp]
    Deus Ex - The Fall v0.0.21
    Doodle Creatures HD v2.0.0
    Dracula 5 - The Blood Legacy HD v1.0.3
    Eternal Descent Metal Heroes v1.3
    Gourmet Chef Challenge v1.035
    Hero Run v1.1 [Mod Money]
    LEGO® Star Wars™ Microfighters v1.01
    Ninja Time Pirates v1.0.0 [Mod Money]
    Pirates! Showdown v1.1.50
    Repulze v1.0.7 [Full Unlocked]
    Striker Soccer 2 v1.0.0 [Mod Money]
    Toy Defense 3 Fantasy v1.3
    WH40k Storm of Vengeance v1.2
    The Amazing Spider-Man 2 v1.0.0i [Proper]
    Infected Souls v1.0.11
    Colin McRae Rally v1.02
    Detective Grimoire v1.0.0
    Natural Threat Ominous Shores v1.0
    Special Enquiry Detail v1.1
    Big Gun v1.4 [Mod Money]
    Call of Arena HD v1.23
    Dungeon Crawlers v1.21
    Gunship III - U.S. NAVY v3.5.3
    Hunger Games - Panem Run v1.0.19
    Infinite Warrior v1.002
    Lost Light v1.0.9
    Mines of Mars v1.05
    Monster Wars v1.0.
    Pool Break Pro v2.4.0
    Rebirth of Fortune 2 v1.08
    Shu_s Garden v1.0.2
    Broken Sword Serpent_s Curse v1.0.6
    Rage of the Immortals v1.8.13679
    Gangstar Vegas v1.3.0o
    Trial Xtreme 3 (Full+Mod Money)v6.3
    Mother of Myth v1.0.6
    Repulze v1.0.6 [Full Unlocked]
    Rivals at War Firefight v1.3.2
    Shardlands v1.1.5 [Full]
    The Room Two v1.00
    Biotix Phage Genesis v1.1 [Mod Money]
    Dungeon Hunter 4 v1.5.0f Mod
    Edgar Allan Poe Morgue v1.0
    Marvel Puzzle Quest Dark Reign v47.175306
    Real Steel World Robot Boxing v5.5.100
    The Gate v1.6
    Arma Tactics v1.3218
    Doodle God™ HD v2.4.3
    Dungeon Nightmares v1.1
    F-SIM Space shuttle v2.4.253
    Foxtrot! v1.02
    Knight Storm v1.5.4 [Mod Money]
    Marvel Run Jump Smash! v1.0.1
    Minigore 2 Zombies v1.8
    Pyro Jump v1.0.0 [Full]
    Rabbids Big Bang v1.1.0
    Secret of the Magic Crystals v1.011
    Ski Safari Adventure Time v1.0.2
    Slender Man Origins v0.8.9
    Pro Evolution Soccer 2014 (psp game) On Android
    Sochi 2014 v1.01
    Table Top Racing v1.0.8 [Mod Money]
    TowerMadness 2 v1.1.1
    Toy Defense 3 Fantasy v1.0.1
    Morphopolis v1.0.0
    Galactic Phantasy Prelude V1.7.2
    Sparkle Epic v1.0.3
    Table Top Racing v1.0.6 [Mod Money]
    Machinarium v2.0.02
    Beast of Lycan Isle CE v1.0
    Nightfall: Black Heart v1.0
    Toy Defense 3: Fantasy v1.0
    Syberia (Full) v1.0.1
    My Paper Plane 3 (3D) v2.31
    Atomic Fusion v1.1 Mod Full Unlocked
    Doodle Kingdom HD v2.0.0 Mod
    Weapon Chicken v2.1 Mod
    Kingdom Tales v1.1.0 Mod Full Unlocked
    D&D Arena of War v1.0.4 Mod Massive Damage
    LEGO® Ninjago REBOOTED 1.0.0
    Exodus Necklace of Heavens Mod
    HEIST The Score v1.1.5
    The Island Castaway 2 FULL UNLOCKED
    Pro Darts 2014 MOD UNLOCKED
    Drift Mania Championship 2 v1.22
    Dead on Arrival 2 v1.1.2 [Mod Money]
    Expendable Rearmed v1.1.5
    Farm Invasion USA Premium v1.3.1
    Let_s Create! Pottery v1.54
    Table Top Racing v1.0.5 [Mod Money]
    Jedi Academy Touch v1.2.1
    Call of Mini v1.5.1 Mod
    Counter Attack2 v1.0.018 Mod
    Deprofundis Requiem v2.8 Mod
    Deus Ex The Fall v0.0.15
    Drift Mania Street Outlaws v1.05 [Mod Money]
    Elementalist v1.0.2 Modded Unlimited Gold
    Galaxy Wars TD v1.2.8 Modded
    Gemini Rue v1.2
    Hello Kitty® Kruisers v1.3
    KAMI v1.0.12 Modded Fully Unlocked
    Order & Chaos Online v2.3.0p
    PacificRim v1.9.0
    Pepi Doctor v1.1.0
    Radiohammer v1.2
    Road of Kings v1.0
    RoboCop™ v1.0.4 [Mod Money]
    Robots Attack Shooter 3D v1.1.1 Mod
    Shoggoth Rising v1.0.1
    Sky Gamblers Rise Of Glory (Full) v1.5.9
    Worm Run v1.0
    Zombie Highway v1.8
    Syberia v1.0.0
    Glowfish v1.0
    Mimpi v1.0.8
    RIDDICK v1.2.0
    Violett v1.1
    Volt v1.2
    Worms 2- Armageddon v1.4.0
    Zeeek Run v1.0.2
    Angry Birds Go! v1.0.6 Mod
    Fractal Combat X (Premium) v1.0.10.0
    The Room v1.05
    Tiny Legends Heroes v1.4.3 Mod
    Vessel Self Driving Premium v1.0.4b
    Predators v1.5.1
    Sonic The Hedgehog 2 v3.0.2
    RoboCop™ v1.0.3 [Mod Money]
    Asphalt 8 Airborne v1.2.1b [Mod Money]
    Assassins Creed Pirates 1.1.1 MOD
    Contra Evolution 1.2.8 FULL VERSION NO ROOT
    Dark Parables Snow Queen CE v1.0.0 [Full]
    F-SIM Space shuttle v2.4.223
    Ferris Mueller_s Day Off v1.0
    Nano Mania v1.0
    AirAttack HD v1.5.1
    RE-VOLT Classic(Premium) - 3D v1.1.2 [Unlocked Cars+Tracks
    Violett v1.05
    Naught 2 v1.0.2
    Jedi Academy Touch v1.0.1
    Asphalt 8: Airborne 1.2.0 MOD
    Catch that Dragon!
    Assassin’s Creed Pirates v1.1.0
    Archangel v1.1
    Draw Something v2.222.221
    Atlantis 3: The New World v1.0.3
    Sonic Racing Transformed v531178G1
    Brotherhood of Violence II v2.0.9
    Dungeon Hunter 4 v1.4.0 [Mod]
    SSX By EA SPORTS v0.0.8430
    100- Hidden Objects v1.0.0 [Full+Mod Money]
    AJ Jump- Animal Jam Kangaroos! v1.3
    Backbreaker 2 Vengeance v1.2.4
    BC Playground v1.4.rar 22.2
    Ben 10 Cavern Run v1.1.4
    City Island v 2.14.4 MOD
    D. Grimoire v1.0.
    Echoes of the Past v1.0.0
    F1™ Challenge v1.0.27
    Hazel Dazzle v1.1
    Hyper Havoc v4.0
    Ittle Dew v1.2
    Khaba v1.1
    Naught 2 v1.0.1
    Pixel Gun 3D PRO Minecraft Ed. v4.6.3
    Race Stunt Fight 3! v1.11 [Full]
    Scoop Excavator v1.0.1
    SSG 2 v2.1.0.2 [Mod]
    The Activision Decathlon v1.1.3
    Trial Xtreme 3 (Full+Mod Money) v6.2
    Imperium Galactica 2 v1.04
    C.H.A.O.S Multiplayer Air War v5.3.2
    C.H.A.O.S Tournament HD v5.3.2
    Decision 2 v1.01
    Frontline Commando D-Day v3.0.0
    Ben 10 Game Generator 4D
    DuckDynasty®BattleOfTheBeards v1.4.18
    Farm Town v1.33 MOD
    NEED FOR SPEED™ Shift v2.0.8
    Brotherhood of Violence II v2.0.7
    Grand Theft Auto San Andreas v1.03(c*kd)
    Alien Shooter v1.1.0
    Dan masih banyak lagi,......
    (koleksi kami terdiri dari ribuan judul game,tidak memungkinkan untuk kami posting semua di thread ini)

    banyak pilihan harga paketnya:
    RP 50.000 dapet 5+1 dvd
    Rp.100.000,Total 12+1 DVD
    17+1 DVD HARGA RP : 150.000
    Paket 25+1DVD RP. 200.000
    Paket 32+1 DVD RP.250.000
    Paket 40+1 DVD RP.300.000
    Paket 51+1 = 52 DVD (1CONE) Hrg: RP 400.000
    Paket 64+1= 65 DVD Hrg: RP 500.000
    Koleksi Database sampai hari ini udah lebih dari 75 dvd / sekitar 300GB ,dan akan terus bertambah…....
    Berminat? Hubungi : FAST RESPON : 08562703450 (sms only)

    Untuk lebih lengkapnya kunjungi : atau FB : juraganapp dan G+ : juraganapp

    Baca lebih lanjut
    Kirim update topic ini via email
    Beri komentar (0)

    More info gadgets:
    Follow us on twitter
    Become a fan on Facebook

              Armoform Elbow Guards        
    Armoform Elbow Guards

    Armoform Elbow Guards

    These new articulated hard-shell elbow pads developed for the gravity disciplines set a new design language within the Dainese protective gear range. The thermoplastic polyethylene shells ergonomically hug the most impact sensitive areas. Featuring a functional pattern inspired by the fractals principle, natures language used to create complex structures that now becomes the new Daineses protective design code. The articulated joints allow the guard to move with the natural motion of the elbow, ensuring proper positioning and unrestricted movement. Elastic bands Jersey Hole highly breathable, run-resistant mesh Polypropylene elbow and forearm plates EN 1621.1

              Armoform Knee Guards        
    Armoform Knee Guards

    Armoform Knee Guards

    These new articulated hard-shell kneepads developed for the gravity disciplines set a new design language within the Dainese protective gear range. The thermoplastic polyethylene shells ergonomically hug the most impact sensitive areas. Featuring a functional pattern inspired by the fractals principle - nature's language used to create complex structures - that now becomes Dainese's protective design code. The articulated joint allows the guard to extend when the knee bends, hence following accurately the movements, ensuring the pads stay perfectly in place. Features: Elastic bands with silicone grippers Calf power strap Jersey Hole highly breathable, run-resistant mesh. Crash Absorb soft memory foam.


    Hoy se cumplen dos años desde que empezó todo en El Hierro. 

    HISTOGRAMA DE EVENTOS 2011 - 2013. Fuente IGN

    Nadie podía suponer que la crísis sísmico-volcánica que comenzó con muchos leves, levísimos movimientos sísmicos en la zona de Sabinosa y valle del Golfo en el norte de la isla del meridiano allá por el 18 de julio de 2011, diera al final con un proceso eruptivo submarino en el que al menos, en tres ocasiones a lo largo de este tiempo, se han registrado emisiones de lava y gases con diferente profusión e intensidad, el primero en la zona del mar de Las Calmas al sur de La Restinga y en las otras dos ocasiones, en la zona al oeste de El Verodal, un poco más al norte del faro de Orchilla, que tuvieron menor publicidad pero no menor importancia.

    Después de este largo tiempo para el hombre, pero cortísimo para la estimación de fenómenos naturales, el proceso sigue vivo, latente, dando de cuando en cuando algún redoble de tambor para hacer recordar a los incrédulos o herejes que en cualquier momento puede volver a la carga con nuevas manifestaciones sísmicas de mayor intensidad y frecuencia; a poco que se lo proponga nos volverá a poner a todos en jaque con algún repunte sísmico que si tenemos en cuenta los tres anteriores, podría ser de mayor intensidad energética que todos los anteriores juntos, porque esa es la progresión que ha llevado hasta el momento.

    Los procesos volcánicos son muy largos y tan desconocidos como estudiados; muchos son los que suponen que la estadística es la función predominante en el desarrollo de los mismos, yo también me apunto en parte a este funcionamiento, a la recurrencia y a la repetición, a una cierta cronología, a las progresiones matemáticas e incluso al comportamiento fractal.

    Pero lo que resulta bastante evidente es que al final el que determina sus propios tiempos es la fenómeno, que por cierto y como siempre digo, es bastante caprichoso y después de dar muchas vueltas alrededor de las profundidades del edificio insular, al final, como hoy, se encuentra en el punto de partida, bajo la zona de Sabinosa a unos 13 km. de profundidad y muy cercano al innombrable Tanganasoga, uno de esos monstruos volcánicos de naturaleza estromboliana, maduro e inacabado, que ruge de vez en cuando, y que alberga en su seno multiples tubos volcánicos o respiraderos verticales entre grietas y diques que pueden provenir de lo más profundo de la isla.

    Las manifestaciones submarinas, a decir de muchos expertos, fueron simplemente una cuestión de debilidad estructural, eran la zona más débil del edificio y por esas zonas, es más fácil que acabe liberando material y gases, pero eso no ha conseguido calmar a nuestro volcán; de hecho los cálculos de lo que según las estimaciones de las deformaciones registradas por las estaciones GPS en la isla apuntan a que es muchísimo más el material que se ha podido estar acumulando bajo este edificio insular y sobre todo, dentro del mismo, con los aportes que supuestamente se han podido registrar en determinados momentos con enjambres a profundidades muy variadas.

    El volcán quería salir por tierra, y en eso está...

    Esto es suficiente como para pedir a las autoridades que continúen con el estudio y la vigilancia, que no empiecen a racanear medios y efectivos en este propósito por el bien de todos, de la comunidad científica y sobre todo de los ciudadanos de El Hierro, cuya seguridad está en manos de las administraciones para que en caso de sobrevenir un nuevo proceso sísmico y algo más, tengamos todos tiempo suficiente para la reacción adecuada y proporcionada, y no tengamos que lamentar alarmismos innecesarios o silencios mediáticos que son tan perjudiciales los unos como los otros, porque la verdadera medida de la realidad no la dan los datos en bruto sino como se explican a los ciudadanos, favorecido por una educación volcánica muy necesaria en nuestro archipielago.

    Todos sabemos que un volcán no es algo tranquilo como decía el Profesor Bacterio, sobre todo si te sale en el jardín de tu casa... También sabemos que si se recoge correctamente la información de los precursores se cuenta con tiempo suficiente para dar respuesta a cualquiera de los posibles escenarios por graves que puedan ser.

    En vulcanología, prevenir también lo es todo,... pero estudiar es imprescindible para poder prevenir.

              Master Margherita – Burning Man 2013        
    Master Margherita - Burning Man 2013 - 120:01 Recorded on the Fractal Planet Camp (2:00 Esplanade) the 29th August 2013. Track List : - Modern Heads - D Light - Sensient - There Will Be Muf (Pow_low Rmx) - Artech - Speedz (Grouch Rmx) - Qawabeat - Furama - Evil Oil Man - Weird Alien Music - Sensient - Black Spider - Loose Connection - Get A Job (Ivort Rmx) - Mr Squatch & Grouch - Lost In The Forest - Grouch - Lipochunksukshin (Reactant Rmx) - Kliment - Serial Spider - One Tasty Morsel - Psyconautical Engineering - Sensient - Northen Lights - Hypogeo - Inside Human Thinking - Master Margherita - Panorama - Grub - All Is Full Of Grub - Zeamoon - Please Load While Waiting - Sonic Tickle - One 4 The Gods - Kliment - Empty Space - Merkaba - The Link - Grouch - Mayan Tool Kit - Sensient - Rythmic - Pick & Hellquist - Moeshe Love Acid - Reactant - Divit People - Sensient - Cluster Fuck (Hypogeo Rmx) - Sensient - Bass Race - Mirror Me - Energy Harvesting Vampires - The Peaking Goddess Collective - Squidley - Sensient - A New World - Big Wigs - Vibrafon (Sensient Rmx) Enjoy !!
              Master Margherita – Orbit Mix #4        
    Master Margherita - Orbit Mix #4 - 55:51 Recorded at home the 1st December 2012 Fractal by Track List : 01 Biosphere - Ancient Campfire 02 Deep chord - Liumin Reduced - Untitled 1 03 Tick - Pads Test (Long Version) 04 Aes Dana - Currents 05 Tetsu Inoue - Tane 06 Hibernation - Sunlight 07 Kliment Dichev - Inyanatmo_1 08 Monolake - Unstable Matter 09 Sonlieto - Green Morning 10 Ishvara - Martian Vertigo Enjoy !!
              Updated Wiki: Home        

    The source code is now on GitHub:



    The WriteableBitmapEx library is a collection of extension methods for the WriteableBitmap. The WriteableBitmap class is available for all XAML flavors including Windows Phone, WPF, WinRT Windows Store XAML, (Windows 10) UWP and Silverlight. It allows the direct manipulation of a bitmap and can be used for image manipulation, to generate fast procedural images by drawing directly to a bitmap and more.
    The WriteableBitmap API is very minimalistic and there's only the raw Pixels array for such operations. The WriteableBitmapEx library tries to compensate that with extensions methods that are easy to use like built in methods and offer GDI+ like functionality. The library extends the WriteableBitmap class with elementary and fast (2D drawing) functionality, conversion methods and functions to combine (blit) WriteableBitmaps.
    The extension methods are grouped into different C# files using a partial class approach. It is possible to include just a few methods by using the specific source code files directly or the full functionality via the built binaries.

    The latest binaries are always available as NuGet package.

    WriteableBitmapEx was also ported to Windows Embedded.

    See the Issue Tracker for a list of features that will be added in the future. Please use the GitHub Issues functionality to add new issues which are not already reported.



    GDI+ like drawing functionality for the WriteableBitmap.
    Support for Windows Phone Silverlight, Windows Phone WinRT, desktop Silverlight, WPF, Windows 8/8.1 WinRT XAML and Windows 10 UWP.

    • Base
      • Support for the Color structure (alpha premultiplication will be performed)
      • Also overloads for faster int32 as color (assumed to be already alpha premultiplied)
      • SetPixel method with various overloads
      • GetPixel method to get the pixel color at a specified x, y coordinate
      • Fast Clear methods
      • Fast Clone method to copy a WriteableBitmap
      • ForEach method to apply a given function to all pixels of the bitmap
    • Transformation
      • Crop method to extract a defined region
      • Resize method with support for bilinear interpolation and nearest neighbor
      • Rotate in 90° steps clockwise and any arbitrary angle
      • Flip vertical and horizontal
    • Shapes
      • Fast line drawing algorithms including various anti-aliased algorithm
      • Variable stroke thickness and penned / stamp lines
      • Ellipse, polyline, quad, rectangle and triangle
      • Cubic Beziér, Cardinal spline and closed curves
    • Filled shapes
      • Fast ellipse and rectangle fill method
      • Triangle, quad, simple and complex polygons
      • Beziér and Cardinal spline curves
    • Blitting
      • Different blend modes including alpha, additive, subtractive, multiply, mask and none
      • Optimized fast path for non blended blitting
    • Filtering
      • Convolution, Blur
      • Brightness, contrast, gamma adjustments
      • Gray/brightness, invert
    • Conversion
      • Convert a WriteableBitmap to a byte array
      • Create a WriteableBitmap from a byte array
      • Create a WriteableBitmap easily from the application resource or content
      • Create a WriteableBitmap from an any platform supported image stream
      • Write a WriteableBitmap as a TGA image to a stream
      • Separate extension method to save as a PNG image. Download here
    • Windows Phone specific methods
      • Save to media library and the camera roll
    • External Code

    Live samples

    Silverlight samples that show the WriteableBitmapEx in action:

    • The Shapes sample includes various scenarios where different shapes are drawn. By default a little demo is shown called "Breathing Flower". Basically different sized circles rotating around a center ring are generated. The sample also contains a static page showing some of the possible shapes.
    • The Fill sample starts with a demo that animates the Cardinal spline's tension of the FillCurveClosed method, plus some random animated filled ellipses. The sample also contains a static page showing some of the possible filled shapes.
    • The Curve sample demonstrates the Beziér and Cardinal spline methods. The sample starts with a demo animation that uses the Cardinal spline DrawCurve method to draw an artificial plant that grows procedurally. The other part of the sample is interactive and allows to draw and manipulate Beziér and Cardinal splines with the mouse. See this blog post for further information.
    • The Blit sample combines WriteableBitmaps and shows a neat particle effect.

    Video of the Windows Phone Interactive Curve Sample.

    External resources:
    Adam Kinney made a great sample that uses the WriteableBitmapEx library to dynamically apply a torn weathered effect to a photo.
    Erik Klimczak from Calrity Consulting wrote a very good blog post about Advanced Animation: Animating 15,000 Visuals in Silverlight. He uses the WriteableBitmapEx to get the best performance.
    Peter Bromberg wrote a great article called Silverlight 4 Martin Fractals with WriteableBitmapEx.


    The WriteableBitmapEx methods are much faster than the XAML Shape subclasses. For example, the WriteableBitmapEx line drawing approach is more than 20-30 times faster than the Silverlight Line element. If a lot of shapes need to be drawn, the WriteableBitmapEx methods are the right choice.

    Easy to use!

    // Initialize the WriteableBitmap with size 512x512 and set it as source of an Image control
    WriteableBitmap writeableBmp = BitmapFactory.New(512, 512);
    ImageControl.Source = writeableBmp;
    { // Load an image from the calling Assembly's resources via the relative path writeableBmp = BitmapFactory.New(1, 1).FromResource("Data/flower2.png"); // Clear the WriteableBitmap with white color writeableBmp.Clear(Colors.White); // Set the pixel at P(10, 13) to black writeableBmp.SetPixel(10, 13, Colors.Black); // Get the color of the pixel at P(30, 43) Color color = writeableBmp.GetPixel(30, 43); // Green line from P1(1, 2) to P2(30, 40) writeableBmp.DrawLine(1, 2, 30, 40, Colors.Green); // Line from P1(1, 2) to P2(30, 40) using the fastest draw line method
    int[] pixels = writeableBmp.Pixels; int w = writeableBmp.PixelWidth; int h = writeableBmp.PixelHeight; WriteableBitmapExtensions.DrawLine(pixels, w, h, 1, 2, 30, 40, myIntColor); // Blue anti-aliased line from P1(10, 20) to P2(50, 70) with a stroke of 5 writeableBmp.DrawLineAa(10, 20, 50, 70, Colors.Blue, 5); // Black triangle with the points P1(10, 5), P2(20, 40) and P3(30, 10) writeableBmp.DrawTriangle(10, 5, 20, 40, 30, 10, Colors.Black); // Red rectangle from the point P1(2, 4) that is 10px wide and 6px high writeableBmp.DrawRectangle(2, 4, 12, 10, Colors.Red); // Filled blue ellipse with the center point P1(2, 2) that is 8px wide and 5px high writeableBmp.FillEllipseCentered(2, 2, 8, 5, Colors.Blue); // Closed green polyline with P1(10, 5), P2(20, 40), P3(30, 30) and P4(7, 8) int[] p = new int[] { 10, 5, 20, 40, 30, 30, 7, 8, 10, 5 }; writeableBmp.DrawPolyline(p, Colors.Green); // Cubic Beziér curve from P1(5, 5) to P4(20, 7)
    // with the control points P2(10, 15) and P3(15, 0)
    writeableBmp.DrawBezier(5, 5, 10, 15, 15, 0, 20, 7, Colors.Purple); // Cardinal spline with a tension of 0.5
    // through the points P1(10, 5), P2(20, 40) and P3(30, 30)
    int[] pts = new int[] { 10, 5, 20, 40, 30, 30}; writeableBmp.DrawCurve(pts, 0.5, Colors.Yellow); // A filled Cardinal spline with a tension of 0.5
    // through the points P1(10, 5), P2(20, 40) and P3(30, 30)
    writeableBmp.FillCurveClosed(pts, 0.5, Colors.Green); // Blit a bitmap using the additive blend mode at P1(10, 10) writeableBmp.Blit(new Point(10, 10), bitmap, sourceRect, Colors.White, WriteableBitmapExtensions.BlendMode.Additive); // Override all pixels with a function that changes the color based on the coordinate writeableBmp.ForEach((x, y, color) => Color.FromArgb(color.A, (byte)(color.R / 2), (byte)(x * y), 100)); } // Invalidate and present in the Dispose call
    // Take snapshot var clone = writeableBmp.Clone(); // Save to a TGA image stream (file for example) writeableBmp.WriteTga(stream); // Crops the WriteableBitmap to a region starting at P1(5, 8) and 10px wide and 10px high var cropped = writeableBmp.Crop(5, 8, 10, 10); // Rotates a copy of the WriteableBitmap 90 degress clockwise and returns the new copy var rotated = writeableBmp.Rotate(90); // Flips a copy of the WriteableBitmap around the horizontal axis and returns the new copy var flipped = writeableBmp.Flip(FlipMode.Horizontal); // Resizes the WriteableBitmap to 200px wide and 300px high using bilinear interpolation var resized = writeableBmp.Resize(200, 300, WriteableBitmapExtensions.Interpolation.Bilinear);

    Additional Information

    The WriteableBitmapEx library has its origin in several blog posts that also describe the implemenation and usage of some aspects in detail. The blog posts might be seen as the documentation. 
    WriteableBitmap Extension Methods introduced the SetPixel methods. 
    Drawing Lines - Silverlight WriteableBitmap Extensions II provided the DrawLine methods. 
    Drawing Shapes - Silverlight WriteableBitmap Extensions III brought the shape functionality (ellipse, polyline, quad, rectangle, triangle). 
    Convert, Encode And Decode Silverlight WriteableBitmap Data came with the byte array conversion methods and hows how to encode / decode a WriteableBitmap to JPEG. 
    Blitting and Blending with Silverlight’s WriteableBitmap provided the Blit functions. 
    WriteableBitmapEx - WriteableBitmap extensions now on CodePlex announced this project. 
    Quick and Dirty Output of WriteableBitmap as TGA Image provided the original TgaWrite function. 
    Rounder, Faster, Better - WriteableBitmapEx announced version and gives some further information about the curve sample. 
    Let it ring - WriteableBitmapEx for Windows Phone introtuced the WriteableBitmapEx version for the Windows Phone and a sample. 
    Filled To The Bursting Point - WriteableBitmapEx announced version, has some information about the new Fill methods and comes with a nice sample. 
    One Bitmap to Rule Them All - WriteableBitmapEx for WinRT Metro Style announced version and provides some background about the WinRT Metro Style version. 

    Support it



    Rene Schulte started this project, maintains it and provided most of the code. 
    Dr. Andrew Burnett-Thompson and his team proposed the portability refactoring, provided the WPF port and much more beneficial functions. 
    Nikola Mihaylov (Nokola) made some optimizations on the DrawLine and DrawRectangle methods, provided the original TgaWrite and the anti-aliased line drawing function. 
    Bill Reiss wrote the Blit methods. 
    Adam Kinney added some Blending modes to the Blit method. 
    Colin Eberhardt contributed the ForEach method. 
    Steve Hawley proposed an optimization of the Clear(Color) method. 
    Liam Bateman suggested the Color Keying BlendMode.   
    Mattias Fagerlund suggested the convolution method. 
    Wout de Zeeuw optimized the DrawLine method by 15%. 
    Lachlan Keown fixed a bug in the Blit alpha blending. 
    John Ng San Ping added the AdjustBrightness, Contrast and Gray methods. 
    Your name here? We are always looking for valuable contributions.   

    Ohloh statistics

              We Buried Grandmother Treewalker Today        

    We buried Grandmother Treewalker near the roots of the Arcology, an area that's become known as the Faerie Mound because it resembles the burial mounds of the early British peoples. Her grave plaque is made not of stone but of wood, a Celtic pentacle carved into the wood itself that in time will grow out again. As I wandered along the roots, I saw other such memorials - Christian crosses, Pagan pentacles, Stars of David, the Taoist Wheel and Crescent Moon and Stars, some like my grandmother's light tan wood marker where the wood had most recently been cut, others old enough that the tree had shaped the symbols into a new layer of bark. More than a few of the newer markers had a stylized iterated fractal tree as their symbol of choice - the People of the Trees. That described us of the Arc very well.
    Grandmother Treewalker had been born a century before, more or less. and though she had been failing for some time, she would still talk in her thin, cracking voice about the world when she was a child to me and Ilise, the two youngest of her great grand-daughters. It was a strange world, one filled with great wonders and even greater horrors, and for all that some of it sounded like magick we were all of us taught from when we were in diapers that magick comes at a great price, and the more powerful the magick, the more awful that price. Slipping past Grandmother's fresh grave, I followed the wood and earthen wall widdershins upward in a spiral, the great tree of the mound having been shaped by countless hands so that the roots of the ancient Douglas Fir formed a natural staircase following a spiral to the top, clutching the bottled ink made from squid ink and carbon black, my crow quill pen and penknife, and the first Journal that is mine and mine alone, as Grandma Treewalker bade me.
    My name is Alanna Selkirk Treewalker, and I am the Chronicler of the Seatlc Arc of the People of the Trees, as was my Grandmother, Kirstin Atlee Treewalker, before me. There is, within the Arc, a library with her books and those of her predecessor, as well as histories, chronicles, and scientific works that could be salvaged, but she, like I, preferred to actually write out here in the open, overlooking the Pujiet Sond. At the top of the mound, a branch of the great tree had been cozened into becoming a table for her to write  on, and many hours did I sit there once she became too old and blind to write and transcribe her words, or later, when she would sit mute, would capture those memories or impressions that I had in her journals. Today, I would start to write my own chapter.
    Once, my grandmother said, Seatlc was not an island as it is today, but rather was an isthmus that trapped a lake, with only single channel between the lake and the Sond. Three million people lived in this area, a number I can scarce credit - there are four hundred of us in the Seatlc Arc, another three hundred in the Tekoma Arc, a little more than two hundred in the RedMound Arc. The moot we had when I was twelve (and my twin sister was first pledged to the son of the Healer of the Tekoma Arc) brought eleven hundred people together, and it seemed frightening to see so many gathered in one place and time. Grandmother believed that there were less than one million people in the world today, though she could no longer be sure. There were eight thousand million when she was born, though surely this was an exaggeration.
    But I wander. Once there was a great peoples called the Merkantl in a land that stretched so far that one could walk for weeks from our shores before getting to the other side. They built great cities, like the city that would eventually become the ruins of Seatlc that I could see even here from the mound - a few of its buildings rusted towers of iron emerging from the Sond itself to the West. The people that built this empire were proud and arrogant and wealthy, their power coming from digging out an oil from the earth that caused their carts to run without horses, allowed them to fly vast metal birds through the sky, and made it possible for them to carry foods from the other side of the world on boats far larger than the Arc. Yet the more they used that earth oil, the hotter the air itself became, and the more poisoned the land, and even as they used it they never questioned that perhaps, one day, the magic oil would run out.
    As a child, grandmother Treewalker witnessed the sundering of the Merkantl into many smaller nations - the Fedrated Republics of Markantl, Applesha, the Merkan Union, Tekasis, many others, as well as the nation of Cascadia, of which Seatlc and Fratsisko were a part. And even then they warred upon themselves, even as the ships stopped traveling for fear of being sunk, even as the metal birds were grounded for lack of fuel, even as people abandoned their magical carts for lighter ones that horses could pull. The sky was filled with dirigibles and balloons that took less far less fuel and were easier to make, yet even then the wars went on, and every year the glaciers melted away and the seas rose. At first they built retaining walls and pumps, but when my grandmother was a young mother herself, the weight of the new water and the warming seas caused gasses into the sea to start bubbling, and one day, a part of the contintental shelf off the aushengtn coast gave way, and created a wave more than 200 feet high. The wave scoured away Vancufr to the North, bounced, and rolled into the Puigit Sond, submerging much of Seattl, forming a channel that cut Seattle off from the mainland, and destroying much of Limpia and Tekoma the south.
    Yet still the Earth was not done with my forebears, for the earthquake that caused the wave was enough to awaken Mother Rani, the volcano to the south. It exploded, sending hot rock, mud and lava North and East, destroying what was left of Tekoma and the cities between them and what would become the Red Mound peoples. Had this happened earlier, when the magic still existed, grandmother believed that the cities could have rebuilt, but the world was fallen on hard times, and there was little help. Many succumbed to illness as the magic medicines that had kept diseases at bay ran out, and as those who could secure more chose instead to use them as a source of power over others. Soon people were starving as the crops parched year after year and the boats and carts stopped coming, and many more died. Others left - going south and east and north, and in time most were never heard from again. This had been made worse by the genetically modified crops that "expired" without producing viable seeds and polluting the seed stocks, or that produced poisonous crops that produced gorgeous grains, fruits and vegetables that were lethal when consumed over months. 
    Yet for all this devastation our corner of the world was spared much of the worst of what happened elsewhere - as civilization collapsed, those who had benefited most from it had for a while managed to keep an island of technology around them, but in the end when the infrastructure collapsed far enough that maintaining this island became impossible, they were in many ways the least prepared for what would happen next. For a while, society went through a succession of "strongmen" - warlords, often from the guards of these wealthy men and women who turned on their employers and killed the burgeoning aristocracy to become the next logical successors. Without a responsibility to society, these strongmen abandoned the nuclear power plants that had been sitting idle for lack of radioactive fuel, letting the hundreds of thousands of rods of waste rods go unattended until eventually their pools evaporated, their cladding were eaten away, and they became nuclear waste zones that poisoned the land for millions of square miles.
    People tried to adapt, but change was happening faster than even humans could adapt to. Grandmother said that for a while things had begun looking up - society had actually fallen faster than the available energy, and there was something of a rebound, one built upon the remnants of the original technology and culture - but this was a temporary reprieve because the atmosphere was still getting hotter, though at a slower rate than before. Populations were pushed north, ecosystems began collapsing in earnest as heat and storms began to take their toll, and the rise of the oceans, almost imperceptible in the twentieth century, was now well on its way to levels rising at a dozen feet a year. The toxic mix of submerging cities hit fragile oceanic fish stocks, and for a while, significant portions of the ocean could support little more than jellyfish and algae. In time, most ships still plying the oceans were built of wood, because the deep draft tankers and container shifts could no longer find ports, and the global economy collapsed as the highways of the sea went empty. Seatlc had been a major port city, but after the devastation of Mother Rani and the flood, rebuilding the ports was no longer important (though we would eventually rebuild the ports for our own purposes).
    Ironically, this may have saved the few who remained here. Resource wars - especially wars for untainted water - raged across much of the world. Rising sea levels contaminated freshwater stocks everywhere, while sufficiently high aquifers that had been drained decades before did not have enough time to refill, and the technology for desalting water disappeared along with all too much else. The heat and overfarming, in turn, caused the collapse of the Merkantl Midwest as well as places like the Ukirane in Russkva. While this was a problem in the Puijit Sond as well, it had always had a different ecology than much of the rest of the world, and was primarily hit by a barrage of heavy rains for years on end coming off Nippon. Yet for all that, life had become hard, and the population collapsed.
    In time, the weather finally changed, reaching a tipping point where there was no longer enough of a stimulus coming from human activity to force heat into the atmosphere. Storms had been building close to the end of that period, until eventually much of the Northern Hemisphere was under a continuous, long lived storm.  For months upon months it rained and the winds howled sometimes in excess of two hundred miles an hour, as energy that had been building up high in the atmosphere began to reground itself. Cities that had survived the ravages of excess heat, rising sea levels, salinated water and neglect collapsed in these near permanent hurricanes, and in many places the people who survived did so only by burrowing down in the lea sides of mountains, or by adapting to the environment. 
    In Seatlc, the response to the storms was the construction of the first arcology. Because most of the Pujuit Sond sat between two mountain ranges, the storms were considerably tempered. The earliest of the arcologists built a living city from trees shaped by the last magic of the jentists, ones that were wide-based with deep roots and able to be shaped into dwellings that could absorb the worst of the winds, and that, still living, were able to withstand the ravages of fresh and salt-water. These were built into the hills of the island that had once been an isthmus, and extended down to far enough underground to use the island as a natural filtration system. Around it other trees built up around the arcology, keeping it hidden, with the burial mind anchoring it on the south end. For a while, the Arcology was able to support a few thousand people, and similar arcologies were built into the earthen banks near the remnants of Red Mound, within the hardened mud and lava of the now quiescent Mother Rani, and along the foothills of the Limpic mountains, usually in the intervals between the major blows of the Great Storm.
    When the Great Storm finally ended, little of the old world remained. People survived elsewhere - periodically we get small ships that by luck, hard work or miracle made it through the storm mostly intact, but the message the sea peoples bring is always the same - pockets of humanity has survived, but little of its civilization. I was born during the Great Storm, the world that my Grandmother spoke of is wondrous strange and terrible, but to me it is just a story. Still, even that story is not yet at an end - those from the North are reporting that it has begun to snow again in places that haven't seen snow in a century, snowing heavily, and the world is far cooler today than it was before the Great Storm. Grandmother told me that she thinks that the Great Storm was the correcting factor for not just a few hundred years of industrial development but more than twelve thousand years of human habitation keeping the world moving away from the sun actually undergoing a long term cooling trend, and that the response to that will be a new ice age.  This is a problem that my great grandchildren will face - already, we can see the glaciers forming in the far distance, and the mountains remain snow-covered even in summer, and every year winter has lasted long than the year before it.
    Yet today it is pleasantly warm, and there is a gentle breeze coming from the south. From the Mound of the Dead beneath the Spirit Tree of the Arcology, I can see the fisherfolk gathering fish and shellfish, men and women alike wearing loincloths and little else, mothers with young babies suckling even as they gather the day's catch. Farther up island are the fields for growing berries, potatoes and wild rice, strains recovered from research seed banks and organic farms that had escaped the worst of the death seeds. We glean most of this by hand with simple tools that would have not been out of place 3,000 years before, and we are all to conscious of how fragile the world still is. The world goes on and we survive, chastened and more humble. 
    I dip my pen into the dark brown ink, touch it to the hand-made rag paper, and begin to write.

               [PC] Hacknet         
    제목: Hacknet장르: 인디, 시뮬레이션개발자: Team Fractal Alligator ë°°ê¸‰ì‚¬: Surprise Attack 출시 날짜: 2015년 8월 12일 터미널 기반의 해킹 게임으로 터미널 기반이라는 점이 친숙하지 않은 게이머.... 글 전체보기
              Fractal Design Define Mini C Tower        
    Smaller than the usual Micro ATX case, the Define Mini C and its optimized interior provides the perfect base for users. The open air design offers unobstructed airflow across your core components with high performance and silent computing in mind at every step.
              Argumenty przeciw istnieniu Boga. Komentarz do podręczników religii        


    universe-1044107_960_720Bóg, jak twierdzą teolodzy, jest niedostępny badaniom naukowym, jednak z całą pewnością istnieje. Hm! To ciekawe. Może istnieć rzeczywistość niedostępna jakimkolwiek badaniom empirycznym, nie ma problemu. Ale żeby ot tak, z definicji przyjmować, że niedostępny naukowym badaniom jest Bóg, to wygląda na intelektualne kuglarstwo, chytrą sztuczkę, trik.

    Tradycyjnie takie chytre sztuczki nazywa się sofistyką. W starożytnej Grecji byli wędrowni filozofowie, nauczyciele retoryki, sztuki przekonywania, filozofii. Nazywano ich sofistami. Nie stronili od filozoficznego krętactwa i kuglarstwa. Dlatego przyjęło się, że sofistyka to pokrętne, oszukańcze rozumowanie.

    Kościelne nauki i teologia toną w sofistyce. Bóg ma istnieć w rzeczywistości, obiektywnie, ale jest z założenia niewykrywalny metodami empirycznymi. To tak jakby powiedzieć, że istnieje żaba, która wszystko może, ale jest z definicji niedostępna naszym zmysłom. Czy musimy tę żabę zjeść? Nie musimy.

    Przedstawiam 10 argumentów przeciw istnieniu Boga, o którym naucza Kościół katolicki, oraz przeciw prawdziwości kościelnych nauk. Nie znaczy to, że inne religie głoszą prawdę.

    Czy argumenty te wystarczą, by uznać, że Boga nie ma, a nauki kościelne są fałszywe? Tak, zgodnie z zasadą: ziarnko do ziarnką, a zbierze się miarka.

    * * *

    fractal-1104779_960_7201. Może istnieć rzeczywistość, która nigdy nie będzie dostępna badaniom empirycznym. Ale przypuszczenie, że jest to rzeczywistość nadprzyrodzona lub jakikolwiek bóg (w tym Bóg, o którym naucza Kościół) jest tyle samo warte, co domniemanie, że jest to Krasnal, który wyczarował świat. W obu przypadkach brak jakichkolwiek argumentów wspierających te przypuszczenia. Dodajmy, że istnienie Boga wymaga argumentacji, bowiem w przekonaniu osób religijnych Bóg istnieje obiektywnie, tj. niezależnie od człowieka i jego wyobrażeń. Inaczej jest w przypadku np. wartości, zasad moralnych, idei, postulatów. Są one wytworem ludzkiego umysłu i kultury. Uzasadnić trzeba ich słuszność, zaś ich istnienie jest równoznaczne z ich głoszeniem. Tak nie jest w przypadku Boga. To, że głosi się wiarę w Boga, nie znaczy, że Bóg istnieje.

    2. Przytaczając argumenty na rzecz istnienia boga, ma się często na myśli nieznaną wieczną rzeczywistość, nieokreśloną siłę wyższą, bezosobowego boga deistów lub „coś”, co stanowi prapoczątek świata i podstawę ładu panującego w przyrodzie. Trzeba powiedzieć wyraźnie, że argumenty przytaczane na rzecz istnienia nieokreślonej siły wyższej, boga bezosobowego itp. nie odnoszą się do Boga, o którym naucza Kościół. Kościół odrzuca pojęcie boga jako abstrakcyjnej siły wyższej, odrzuca boga deistów, o czym pisze się także w podręcznikach. Według Kościoła Bóg jest osobą, opiekuje się światem i ludźmi, nagradza, karze. Kościół każe wierzyć w istnienie aniołów i szatana, w duszę nieśmiertelną, w zbawienie i potępienie, w Jezusa Chrystusa, który jest synem Boga-Ojca, został poczęty bez stosunku seksualnego (w podręczniku czytamy: „poczęcie Jezusa nastąpiło poza normalnym, fizjologicznym aktem seksualnym kobiety i mężczyzny”), po śmierci zmartwychwstał i będzie w przyszłości sądzić ludzi. Wszystko to pozbawione jest wiarygodnej argumentacji. Kościół może powoływać się tylko na Pismo Święte.

    Cytuję podręcznik „Drogi świadków Chrystusa w Kościele”, jezuickiego Wydawnictwa WAM (dla liceum i technikum), notes ucznia, s. 69.

    3. Potrafimy powiedzieć, kim jest Zeus. To bóg z mitologii greckiej, postać fikcyjna. W jego istnienie dziś chyba nikt nie wierzy. A kim jest Bóg, o którym naucza Kościół? To postać ze starożytnych ksiąg Izraelitów, modyfikowana przez tysiąclecia zgodnie z wyobrażeniami kolejnych epok. Wiara w jego istnienie jest tyle samo warta, co wiara w istnienie Zeusa, bóstw hinduistycznych i innych. Żadne argumenty nie wspierają przekonania, że to byty istniejące w rzeczywistości. Fakt, że Bóg, w którego każe wierzyć Kościół katolicki, to postać ze starożytnych mitologii, można uznać za wystarczający dowód, że nie istnieje on w rzeczywistości. Bogowie z mitów istnieją tylko w mitach.

    4. Wierzenia religijne, podawane przez Kościół, opierają się na Piśmie Świętym i jego interpretacjach. Są to księgi pochodzące sprzed 2-3 tys. lat. Przypuszczenie, że zawierają rzeczywiście treści objawione przez Boga, jest pozbawione jakichkolwiek podstaw. Księgi Pisma Świętego, jak wiele innych starożytnych tekstów, zawierają pewne historyczne i geograficzne fakty, ale mamy tam mnóstwo zmyśleń i religijnych mitów. Uznanie Pisma Świętego za mitologię religijną jest jak najbardziej uzasadnione.

    5. Jezus mógł być postacią rzeczywistą, bo w tamtych czasach – jak i dziś - działało wielu tzw. proroków, guru, założycieli sekt. Ale mitologią religijną są twierdzenia, że był synem bożym, został poczęty bez stosunku seksualnego, wskrzeszał zmarłych, uzdrawiał, po śmierci zmartwychwstał i będzie sądzić ludzi przed końcem świata. Jak ktoś chce, może w to wierzyć, ale jeżeli nie ulegliśmy religijnej indoktrynacji, możemy to uznać wyłącznie za urojenia.

    6. Kościół podaje mitologiczne wyjaśnienia dotyczące przyrody, świata i człowieka. Opierają się one na opowieściach biblijnych i nie mają żadnego uzasadnienia w racjonalnej, sprawdzonej wiedzy. garden-of-eden-1803805_960_720Karykaturalnym przykładem jest - powtarzane także w podręcznikach - wyjaśnianie chorób i śmierci grzechem pierworodnym, tj. nieposłuszeństwem, jakiego mieli się dopuścić wobec Boga pierwsi ludzie. Kościół bożym aktem stworzenia wyjaśnia powstanie i koniec świata. Wprawdzie biblijny opis stworzenia świata został uznany za przenośnię, to samo stworzenie świata przez Boga jest podawane jako wiedza prawdziwa. Nie mówi się jednak, w jaki to sposób Bóg świat stworzył. Ot, wziął i stworzył. Upodabnia to całkowicie stworzenie świata do bajkowych opowieści o czarownikach, którzy potrafią wszystko, a Boga - do czarownika z bajki. Trochę więcej dowiadujemy się o końcu świata. Chrystus ma ponownie zstąpić na ziemię, osądzić ludzi, po czym z bożej woli świat na zawsze przestanie istnieć. Bajkowy, mitologiczny charakter tych wydarzeń jest uderzający, ale Kościół nie podaje tego jako przenośni. Inny przykład. Kościół uznał fakt ewolucji, ale naucza, że Bóg w toku ewolucji tchnął duszę nieśmiertelną w ciało człowieka, dzięki czemu człowiek zyskał właściwe ludziom zdolności myślenia i świadomość. Znów Bóg występuje jak czarownik z bajki, który w magiczny sposób zapewnił ludziom umiejętności myślenia i nieśmiertelność w Królestwie Bożym. Są to wszystko wyjaśnienia mitologiczne, nie oparte na jakichkolwiek racjonalnych przesłankach. Bajkowa fikcja i fantazja.

    7. W swoim nauczaniu Kościół pomija lub przeinacza kompromitujące treści zawarte w Piśmie Świętym. Np. według Biblii Bóg nakazywał masowe rzezie. Oto co kazał Izraelitom zrobić z ludami zamieszkującymi ziemię obiecaną: „Pan, Bóg twój, odda je tobie, a ty je wytępisz (…), nie okażesz im litości” (Pwt 7,1-2). Biblijny Bóg w potopie zgładził wszystkich ludzi, z wyjątkiem Noego, jego najbliższych i zwierząt uratowanych w arce. Zginęły wszystkie niemowlaki i dzieci nienarodzone. I na dodatek wszystkie zwierzęta. W Biblii czytamy: „Wszystkie istoty poruszające się na ziemi (…) wyginęły wraz ze wszystkimi ludźmi” (Rdz 7,21). Podobnych przykładów można podać więcej. Kościół naucza, że „Bóg jest Miłością”, ale nawet jeśli powyższe opisy potraktujemy jako przenośnie, nie przystają do obrazu miłosiernego i mądrego Boga. Jaki z tego wniosek? Kościół manipuluje zawartością Pisma Świętego, teolodzy żonglują cytatami, znajdują w Piśmie Świętym to, co chcą znaleźć.

    ghost-35852_960_7208. Kościół naucza, że człowiek posiada duszę nieśmiertelną, którą zawdzięcza Bogu, oraz że będzie żyć wiecznie w Królestwie Bożym. Obietnica wiecznego życia odpowiada na ludzkie pragnienia, brak jednak argumentów, które wskazywałyby, że to coś więcej niż mity. Kościelne nauki o duszy i życiu wiecznym są tyle samo warte, co greckie opowieści o Hadesie, hinduskie o reinkarnacji i ludowe o duchach zmarłych odwiedzających ziemię.

    9. Kościół naucza, że wierzenia katolickie są racjonalne. Wielką wagę nadawali tej tezie Jan Paweł II i Benedykt XVI. Zwróćmy jednak uwagę, że źródłem katolickich wierzeń jest – jak głosi Kościół – objawienie boże i poznanie religijne, które Kościół ma zawdzięczać łasce bożej. Wierzeń, podawanych przez Kościół, nie można racjonalnie uzasadnić, pozostają one w sprzeczności z racjonalną wiedzą o świecie i człowieku. Przykładem jest chociażby wiara w to, że człowiek posiada duszę nieśmiertelną, a Jezus zmartwychwstał i przed końcem świata będzie ludzi sądzić. W encyklice Jana Pawła II można przeczytać: „ludzki rozum nie musi zaprzeczyć samemu sobie ani się upokorzyć, aby przyjąć treści wiary”. Nieprawda. Można uznać dające się racjonalnie uzasadnić normy etyczne, podawane przez Kościół (nie znaczy to, że wszystkie, które Kościół nakazuje). Ale wiara w podawane przez Kościół „prawdy” jest nie do pogodzenia z godnością istoty rozumnej jaką jest człowiek. Dlaczego? Bo wiara w duszę nieśmiertelną, zmartwychwstanie Jezusa, cuda, sąd ostateczny itp., jest pozbawiona racjonalnej argumentacji i sprzeczna z racjonalną wiedzą o świecie i człowieku. Aby te „prawdy wiary” uznać, człowiek musi zaprzeczyć własnemu rozumowi i upokorzyć się. 

    10. Obowiązek udowodnienia, że istnieje Bóg osobowy, dusza nieśmiertelna, a Pismo Święte zawiera boże objawienie, spoczywa na Kościele. Wiarygodnych argumentów brak. Nie ma też argumentów uzasadniających, że Jezus mógł być poczęty bez aktu seksualnego, mógł wskrzeszać zmarłych, mógł zmartwychwstać. Zdarzenia te pozostają w sprzeczności z racjonalną wiedzą o człowieku i przyrodzie. Za to dobrze wpisują się w nurt wyobrażeń mitologicznych. Wszystko to, czego naucza Kościół katolicki, ma taki sam status jak opowieści o bogach starogreckich, krasnoludkach i reptilianach.

    * * *

    W cytowanym już podręczniku religii czytamy: „To, że czegoś nie potrafimy wyjaśnić za pomocą ludzkiego rozumu, nie oznacza, że tego nie ma!” (s.36) - I co z tego, że nie oznacza? Nic. Żeby uznać, że Bóg istnieje, a ludzie mają duszę nieśmiertelną i przed końcem świata będą sądzeni przez Chrystusa, trzeba podać argumenty wskazujące, że nie są to jedynie starożytne mity. Nie wystarczy powiedzieć, że chociaż nie możemy tego wyjaśnić za pomocą ludzkiego rozumu, to jednak być może jest to prawda. W ten sposób można by tłumaczyć uczniom, że być może istnieją krasnoludki, reptilianie i duchy grasujące po lasach.

    Każde twierdzenie wymaga argumentacji, uzasadnienia. A jaką argumentacją posługuje się Kościoł? Nie ma co do tego wątpliwości. W podstawowych sprawach Kościół powołuje się na boże objawienie zawarte w Piśmie Świętym i na poznanie religijne, które zawdzięczać ma łasce bożej. Tak twierdzi sam Kościół i podręczniki religii.

    enforce-46910_640Nie jest to argumentacja racjonalna, nie opiera się na ludzkich zdolnościach rozumowania i myślenia, ani na badaniach empirycznych. Kościół odwołuje się do nadprzyrodzonych źródeł wiedzy. Dlatego trzeba powiedzieć wyraźnie, że wiedza religijna, podawana przez Kościół, należy do tej samej kategorii, co wiedza różnego rodzaju magów, guru, proroków. Czym innym zresztą mogłyby być kościelne nauki o duszy nieśmiertelnej, zmartwychwstaniu Jezusa, wniebowzięciu Maryi Panny, sądzie ostatecznym, który ma się odbyć przed końcem świata itp.

    Katecheci wbijają uczniom do głów irracjonalne wierzenia, starożytne mity zapisane w Starym i Nowym Testamencie. Nie jest to żadna racjonalna wiedza. Mity te trzeba traktować tak samo jak mity greckie. Kościół nie może tego zrobić. W programach nauczania religii wprost stwierdza, że celem jest katecheza, nauczanie wiary katolickiej. Dlatego nie powinno być religii w szkole.

    Zamiast humoru

    - Czy ksiądz może zajść w ciążę?

    - Ależ oczywiście. To, że czegoś nie potrafimy wyjaśnić za pomocą ludzkiego rozumu, nie oznacza, że tego nie ma lub nie może się zdarzyć!

    - A z jakiego powodu Bóg jest niedostępny badaniom naukowym?

    - Z tego samego, co krasnoludki.    - Alvert Jann

    PS. Warto przeczytać artykuł Cezarego Magury sprzed kilku dni: „Czy naukowcy zajmują się dowodzeniem nieistnienia?” -


    Alvert Jann: Blog „Ćwiczenia z ateizmu” -

    Zapraszam licealistów, studentów i wszystkich zainteresowanych na ćwiczenia z ateizmu. Co miesiąc <pierwszego>, czasami częściej, będę zamieszczał krótki tekst, poważny ale pisany z odrobiną luzu. Nie widzę siebie w roli mentora czy wykładowcy, mam na myśli wspólne zastanawianie się. - Nauka nie wyjaśnia wszystkiego, religia nic nie wyjaśnia.

    Inne artykuły z cyklu „Podręczniki do religii”:

    „Pismo Święte jakiego nie znacie” -

    „Kim jest Bóg?” -

    „O religii i nauce” -

    „Co wyjaśnia teologia?” -

    „Ewolucja według Kościoła” -

    „Grzech pierworodny” -

    „Koniec świata według Kościoła” -

    „Podręczniki do religii. Czy są wiarygodne? -

    Na blogu znajduje się w tej chwili 31 artykułów,

    „Jeszcze o intronizacji Chrystusa. Kim była mistyczka Rozalia Celakówna?” -

    „Dowód na nieistnienie. Kogo?” -

    „Bóg przed trybunałem nauki” -

    „Jan Paweł II bez taryfy ulgowej” -

    „Ilu naukowców wierzy w Boga?”- i inne.


    Post Argumenty przeciw istnieniu Boga. Komentarz do podręczników religii pojawił się poraz pierwszy w

              273 RR Contempt Culture with Aurynn Shaw        

    01:11 - Aurynn Shaw Introduction

    01:56 - Contempt Culture

    07:32 - “But PHP is objectively bad….”; True Objectivity

    10:35 - The History of The Contempt Culture in Tech Spaces

    12:40 - Reinventing Tools

    15:00 - “Intent is not magic.”

    20:09 - Contempt Culture in the Ruby Community Towards PHP

    21:56 - Why Contempt Culture Forms

    29:08 - DevOps and the Disruption of Culture

    32:34 - Open Source vs Free Software

    36:33 - Cultural Implications/Ramifications Around Open Source

    41:32 - Service Culture



              237 RR Rails + JavaScript + Functional Programming with Brad Urani        

    Check out JS Remote Conf and All Remote Confs!


    02:32 - Brad Urani Introduction

    04:01 - Immutable/Persistent Data Structures; Advantages

    07:30 - Tools for Debugging

    08:23 - Why do Rubyists care about things like Elm?

    09:39 - Persistent Data Structure Use Cases; Functional Programming

    12:07 - Testability

    13:51 - Where does “functional play a role in a typical CRUD app?

    Active Record,

    22:49 - Coworker Receptiveness of Ruby + JavaScript Style of Programming

    • Codebase Inconsistency?
    • “Merit”

    26:41 - Service-oriented Architecture (SOA) vs Monolithic Applications

    30:21 - Monoliths as a Necessary Stage in the Development of a Mature Application

    33:23 - The Repository Pattern; Terminology & Naming

    37:40 - Structured Query Language (SQL)


    Dan Carlin's Hardcore History (Coraline)
    Stuff You Missed in History Class (Coraline)
    Buffer (Avdi)
    New Belgium Brewing Accumulation White IPA (Avdi)
    Saramonic SmartMixer Professional Recording Stereo Microphone Rig (Chuck)
    LaunchCode (Brad)
    Turing's Cathedral: The Origins of the Digital Universe by George Dyson (Coraline)
    VAT19 (Brad)

              511 · The Best of 2009        

    Lay Down (With) Your Armor

    The Best of 2009

    For yet another year I have lived two musical lives, one ever deeper into obscure mazes of metal, one out in the sunshine and warm air. Nothing feels contradictory about this: I'd live three or four more musical lives at once if I had the time. I'd happily live parallel lives in other aspects of my existence if there were ways. Life is short, so of course we want it to be wider.

    But what I realize, really only as I compile these lists, is that my metal and non-metal lives are not so much parallel as perpendicular. My metal top-10 this year has 7 bands I'd never heard of before 2009, two more I knew and disliked, and just one band that has ever made one of these lists before. For a temperamentally obsessive emotional completist who still basically loves everything I've loved since I was 12 or so, this is borderline dumbfounding. Hopefully it's a combined testament to my own openness and the way the web has mostly eliminated any necessary logistical distinction between "heard of them" and "heard them". If I'd had to buy CDs to hear these bands, I'd have found one or two of them, or quite possibly none. And without them, I'd still have had no trouble making a list I felt just as strongly about, but there's no way to unlove, or at least no way I know or want to. I have always been convinced that there is more music I would love, farther in every direction I have looked, but I'm not sure I've ever felt as empirically justified in this belief.

    And meanwhile, away from metal, I've also had a great listening year in which I could easily make a replacement top-10 if everything on this one mysteriously vanished. But almost nothing on either list was new to me. One band I'd forgotten about, one I hadn't previously loved. Basically, I heard lots of great music that wasn't metal this year, but I didn't discover much. That thread of my year was receptive and curious, but mostly not exploratory. And so there is probably music I didn't hear that I would have loved as much as some of these records.

    But that, of course, was always the case. I have found the time to love these things. I have found these sounds to be worthy of my time, which is a finite resource, and my love, whose boundaries I have occasionally thought I'd distantly seen, and always been wrong.

    Albums (Metal)


    Madder Mortem: Eight Ways

    Genres are vectors, not shapes. They do not, at least the living ones, draw delineations between what is and what isn't, but rather trajectories towards and away. There are guitar timbres and cadences that are correlated with metal, but also songs with those features that no more belong to Metal than I was Estonian for three days in Tallinn. And bands with a hundred other influences and inclinations that I can instantly recognize as part of my version of this elusive idea.

    And thus my favorite metal album, this year, coalesces out of a dozen different shadows, Fugazi minimalism wound tensely around Rush's expansive confidence, or Vernon Reid's buzzsaw guitar skittering off the jump-cut fractures of Chicks on Speed, or Janis Joplin and Tommy Iommi hijacking Life Without Buildings, or frost giants with the dexterity of Pixies. I hear Cynic playing Cowboy Junkies, and Enslaved backing Mecca Normal, and then a sudden vision of how Crimson would fare with a queen.

    For moments, Eight Ways follows all these lines and others, and then always moments later Agnete Kirkevaag tears them diving away again, into gypsy tailspin or fight-song fervor or gnashing fractals of defiance. For an hour, it seems almost painfully clear to me that everything I've ever loved leads to this, and there's some chaos topology in which terrifyingly straight lines run from Ray Charles to Kate Bush to FSOL to some tiny seam on the back of my skull through which invisible wires patch directly into my sense of besieged humanity. For an hour at a time, repeated as often as I can bear, I remember precisely what draws me here, metal not as fantasy or escape, but as a relentless grip on writhing truth, and a celebration of irreducible complexity tantamount to sacred ritual.


    Secrets of the Moon: Privilegivm

    It is an essential component of the ingenious insularity of metal, and I do not mean this in any way glibly, that a lot of it seems wildly ridiculous. In an increasingly connectedly claustrophobic world, with vanishing latency between rebellion and commodification, alienating people is pretty much the only reliable way to block out any aesthetic breathing space. The difficult second-order trick, of course, is alienating people without becoming defined by them in the process. Thus the migration from the confrontational forms of speed- and thrash- and death-metal into the threateningly occult. If you can't shock people into being afraid of what you'll do to them, you might still be able to scare them into fearing what you'll convince them to do to themselves.

    So the cheerfully pointless orthographic substitution of "v" for "u", and the luminously hollow apple on the black cover of Privilegivm, and the solemn half-intelligible liturgical intonations of "chop down the tree of life" and "the gods will know your name" all aspire to the provoke, I think, the same puzzled shudders once engendered by the garish underbrush of Black Sabbath. There's no easy violence to explain this as reaction or hyperbole. Whatever secrets the moon has, surely airlessness renders them moot. Surely. But in a year when Sabbath themselves were stomping around in gleaming uniforms, however relogoed, Secrets of the Moon were again, for me, truer heirs to their original spirit of wakeful darkness. I owe my life in metal to Iommi and Dio as much as I owe anything to anybody I've never met, but The Devil You Know is self-declaratively complacent, metal as a template theme, not a philosophy.

    And not that I can quote verses of literal inspiration from Secrets of the Moon, either. I doubt I could produce a page of coherent lyrical transcription from memory from all these albums put together, honestly, even allowing that some of them are in languages I don't speak. But the hollow apple is there to suggest that the tree of knowledge was never more than a convenient pretext for layoffs, anyway. The great insight instantiated in the idea of evil, and in all this music that flaunts nominal lineage from darkness and doubt, is that there is no such divide. There are no forbidden secrets, in the moon or anywhere else. These anti-temples and beautiful ominous monuments are erected on the sites of myths to say that we are free to inhabit what we are supposed to fear.


    Thy Catafalque: Róka Hasa Rádió

    Or else we cling to the idea of a dark side because we need so badly for there to be somewhere other than this. Thus the appeal of Avatar, obviously, a movie that desperately needed to better understand the component of alienation in "alien". I loved the experience of being taken to Pandora for 162 minutes, but I hated that by the end there was nothing shocking about taking off the glasses again. So much exquisite imagination of the physical detail of another place, so much canned exaltation of souls, and yet so little depth of either humanity or non-humanity, and so little empathy for any idea that there could be souls in other forms that there might as well have been no characters at all. In fact, excise the humans and the Na'vi both, right from the first draft of the script, and Avatar might have grown into something worth, to us as a society, the absurd sums we retroactively spent on it. It would challenge and nourish us to be transported into a different world, with a logic of its own. Instead, we get our own dopiest mannerisms texture-mapped onto perfunctory aliens like moral graffiti, a monumental void of inspiration and procedurally inexplicable failure of courage.

    And part of what we do with music, and why music is an element where movies are an industry, is let ourselves be taken elsewhere. I don't know how much time and money went into the making of Róka Hasa Rádió, but I could easily believe it was done by two Hungarians in their spare time from day jobs cleaning trains, on balky second-hand laptops in rooms with faded posters of Xenakis slowly crumbling onto the dusty tops of once-preciously-illegal shortwave consoles. And yet, with all the money on all the planets, Avatar would never have been any better than this. Here, unless you spend your days cleaning those same trains and this is actually what they sound like, is your voyage to an elsewhere, done in a medium qualitatively better suited for it. Here, in an album about which I know essentially nothing beyond its name, and ran across in a single random sentence somebody wrote somewhere about some other band entirely, is an effortless explosion of texture and flow and transport and altered perspective, spinning filaments of folk metal and carillon and Vangelis and Zoolook and radio static and alien loudspeaker announcements into an entire involuted universe. We are already standing on the roots of our Tree of Life. We are already the strangest creatures we can imagine, and this is not the limit of our imagination, but its origin.


    Antigua y Barbuda: Try Future

    I listen to so much metal whose lyrics I can't understand, and often aren't even meant to, but remain ironically sensitive to particular micro-nuances of vocal personality. Or perhaps this actually makes sense: I have absorbed the text into the coherent indivisibility of the music, and so it becomes necessarily critical how it's delivered. Either way, it was the careening vocals, closer to Sunny Day Real Estate's Jeremy Enigk than any metal referent I can think of, that initially arrested another of my random scans on Antigua y Barbuda, a band so obscure I had to add them to the Encyclopaedia Metallum myself. Months later they still have no EM ratings, which is as stark a demonstration as anything of what you must accept as possible when you agree to make art. It may not matter how good it is. Or, at least, it may not immediately matter. Try Future is the album I wanted all those Trans Am records to be, a boiling, sputtering epic of restlessness, flung between post-math and tech-something and Seventh-Rule vehemence. In a less fearful world, AyB would be the new Muse.


    Funeral Mist: Maranatha

    "It's the blood!" wails a voice, frantically, repeatedly, and after that it gets scarier. It's not always obvious from written descriptions that Black Metal is a good idea for a subgenre: strangled muttering as the defining vocal style, drums so fast that you skip headbanging and go straight to migraines, the production fidelity of portraiture via charcoal-on-newsprint left out in hailstorms, blustering Satanism as sacramental obscurism more often than gnostic rebuttal. As with any constructed form, treat it as formula and you'll get branded mediocrity. But subgenres arise on common ground, and there's usually some reason people were coming there before being there was its own excuse. Maranatha is as comprehensive an explication of the aesthetic's potential as anything I know: a Dantean maelstrom-descent in search of the root of contemptuously conventional religious spirituality for the express and singular purpose of ripping it out of bedrock with your own teeth.


    Absu: Absu

    Bleak extreme metal emanates temperamentally from frozen northern wastes. Absu are from Plano. When I was in high school in Dallas, and Plano were our archrivals, the place was at least a little wastelike, and it was a bit north of us, but the metro sprawl of Dallas has long since absorbed it into the vast homogeneity, and by now if Odin lived there he'd have an Arby's franchise and a two-year-old Blackberry. But then Metallica weren't from Norway, either, and Absu have maybe come as close as anybody in a couple decades to translating the frenetic domination of Master of Puppets into a new idiom. And if I had to reduce the year in metal to a single word, it would be Absu howling "Annihilate!"


    Wardruna: Runaljod - Gap Var Ginnunga

    In one sense metal only by affiliation (Kvitrafn and Gaahl were both in Gorgoroth for a while), Wardruna is a conceptual experiment in adapting runic texts to acoustic ambient ritualism, doing for hidden forest glades, perhaps, what plainsong did for stone monasteries. By rights this should be little more than a 52-minute sourcebook for those murmuring 1:15 intros to drinking-metal albums that are hoping to pass off indiscipline as paganism. It's spare and slow, driven unhurriedly by pattering hand-drums, near-subvocal chanting and some sproingy thing that sounds unnervingly like the kid behind you in homeroom playing his retainer-elastic with a Bic pen-cap. But if you can accept the idea of metal as as a textural system, subject to transliteration into different levels of elaboration, then this and Funeral Mist may be practical isomorphs. Ambient Metal used to be my joke genre, but here it is, real. If Avatar was transport by force, this is isolation by removal, a sound map for the hidden vales of quiet lost magic trapped inside us.


    Lifelover: Dekadens

    What HIM might sound like with nihilism substituted for love, and thus an intriguing argument that maybe ultimately they're the same.


    Amorphis: Skyforger

    I'd given up on Amorphis years ago, so I don't know why I even bothered listening to this. But I'd manage to miss that three albums ago they got a new singer and found, either consequently or coincidentally, a whole new focus. Skyforger is the best album of unapologetic metal songs I heard this year, and maybe a singlehanded revival of the lead-hook as melodic rapturism.


    Cantata Sangui: On Rituals and Correspondence in Constructed Realities

    The standard advice, impossible to argue with in generality, is that you have to focus. Do fewer things, so you can do them better. But the problem with this reasonable humility is that it's reasonable, or maybe it's that it's humble. It's defensive paranoia imported from civil engineering or pulmonary surgery or something, a recipe for turning adequate competence into recognizable inoffensiveness. It's foolproofing for people who have tried to substitute dignity for inspiration, and thus forgotten the critical detail that failure is relative where silence is absolute. Foolishness is a gift, not a disease. Fearlessly foolish straight from their ridiculous debut-album title to their preposterous combination of opera-gothic solemnity and rubberband pop glee, Cantata Sangui are yet another perpendicular justification for metal. Declare yourself outcast and you have escaped.

    Albums (Non-Metal)


    Manic Street Preachers: Journal for Plague Lovers demos + album + remixes

    Two of my Desert-Island-Disc-level favorite artists had new albums this year, and they're my #1 and #2. This wasn't quite inevitable (both have made albums I haven't liked this much), but it's hardly shocking, and I'd feel self-conscious about it if they weren't such inarguable choices.

    It was the Manic Street Preachers' year, for me. The album is good enough to be here, by itself, as taut and yearning a set of rock songs as anything they've done since Gold Against the Soul. Filling a whole record with words from the facing pages of deceased lyricist Richey Edwards' notebooks is the kind of patently terrible idea the Manics turn into supremely flawed greatness. They thrive on contradictions. No, more than that. They exist through contradictions. Intense political conviction clashes against strident immaturity (being dead or missing for 14 years hasn't made Edwards' writing any more sophisticated), plangent arcs of vehemence get snapped into halves and thirds to fit into song-meter, melodies soar over conjunctions and adverbs, even the titles seem engineered to be misquoted. Little wonder they were never huge in America, where Meat Loaf proved that most people can't even parse a sentiment spread out over more than one sentence.

    But Journal for Plague Lovers isn't just an album, and if you believe that flaws can be integral to greatness, hearing it expand into a whole aesthetic system is like seeing souls become visible in the air above people's heads. The cycle starts with the demos, released complete as a bonus, and I could go back and forth between the versions almost indefinitely. They're nominally sketches and then pictures, but in many cases the process seems far more like derivation than polishing.

    And they came to the US, after all, this band I have loved for 18 years and had never seen. They'd played in Boston only once, on some weekday in 1996 or so when I was horrifiedly out of town, and by the time they got here, this time, on the last night of the tour, James' voice was so shot he had to let the crowd take Traci's parts on "Little Baby Nothing". But they made it, and I made it, and for a short while a lot of years of my life and theirs telescoped into a both heartbreakingly and preciously small club. Standing on a balcony, watching people I've never met singing along with songs I can play in my head, I believe again that a small, near-solipsistic bit of human frailty can contain an internal universe big enough to nurture all our hopes.

    But believing this is one thing, and hearing it happen is another. There's an album of remixes. At least half of my favorite remixes were already Manic Street Preachers songs, anyway, but this is now my vote for the greatest remix album so far in history, and the most compact defense yet of the whole form. The songs change moods, speeds, genders, cadences, conclusions, conditions. In places the remixes focus the original songs by contrast, in others they carve spaces around the boundaries of what the compositions dream. Now I want to hear the band play these songs, and then let them be reremixed, and then repeat. I'm pretty sure the cycle could go around four or five more times, at least, before the returns started even marginally diminishing. And this is what we embrace as possible in order to participate in art. That we do not make it, we just give it somewhere to begin.


    Tori Amos: Midwinter Graces and Abnormally Attracted to Sin

    Tori Amos had another studio album this year, as well. It, too, is tantamount to an ecosystem in itself, an episodic, resolutely self-contained, idiom-neological collage of energies and personas and confessions and smirks. I don't honestly think humans get any more talented than this.

    And then there's a Christmas album. As far as I'm concerned there had previously only ever been two Christmas albums worth noting as standalone artworks, Loreena McKennitt's To Drive the Cold Winter Away and Low's Christmas. Tori's well-known religious issues made the idea at least superficially provocative, but I wasn't sure I actually wanted to find out whether I could bear "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" via "Happy Phantom".

    But it's only after Midwinter Graces that I understand what I really think about Abnormally Attracted to Sin. What the "real" album is missing is the sound of Tori surprising herself. Those songs don't always sound like Tori knew all along where they were going, but they sound like she knew how she was going to find out. Midwinter Graces is a conversely breathtaking leap into the terrifying unknown, a glittering hymn to the realization that facing your angels is always far harder than facing your demons. With demons, if you can't understand them, you're allowed to fight them. No such alternative if the only recourse is forgiveness. In a way this is the stylistic and moral synthesis of McKennitt's scholarly distance and Low's deconstructed faith, as if maybe it isn't arbitrary that those are the two Christmas records I am drawn to, after all. And if Loreena offered me a way to appreciate something I didn't endorse, and Low showed a path towards something else I could schedule in its place, Midwinter Graces shows that both of these evasive impulses are ultimately fighting in polite disguise. You don't defeat things you fear, that only preserves and postpones them. If you want to be free of them, you have to understand them better than they understand themselves. Enemies can only ever disappear inside of you.


    Idlewild: Post Electric Blues

    I once said that Idlewild were the best rock band in the world, and then they promptly made a couple albums that weren't why, presumably not to spite me. My guess was that they were trying too hard to be something they thought somebody wanted them to be, which is never a great way to live, and the kind of people you fool this way make terrible friends. For Post Electric Blues Idlewild deliberately abandoned the record industry (or deliberately accepted having been abandoned by the record industry, I'm not sure and don't care which), and sound to me exactly as reinvigorated as a moral agenda could hope. They were always one of my favorite b-side bands, and here for really the first time a whole album has the energy they used to sublimate when they thought they were being graded, bouncy and uncluttered and unforced, more melancholy than roaring, more twang and chirp than slash and burn. It's neither post-electric nor blues, but then I guess I was as much to blame for mislistening as anybody; this is not an album by the world's greatest rock band. But this is its serenity, not its curse. This is the sound of a band not failing to be something else, but finding their own way again.


    It Bites: The Tall Ships

    Progressive rock is difficult, but progressive pop is hard. Marillion pulled it off on Misplaced Childhood, and maybe even more precisely on Holidays in Eden, but have long since sloughed into other moods. IQ made two more of my defining examples, Nomzamo and Are You Sitting Comfortably?, and had a new album this year themselves, but the one that sounded even more thrillingly like a late-80s IQ album was this surprise return by It Bites, an IQ peer last heard from when Are You Sitting Comfortably? was still new. An album for anybody who ever felt that there must be something good that Asia was a bad version of.


    Bat for Lashes: Two Suns

    Maybe the most deliberately ambitious record of the year, or at least the one with the surest sense of its own swirly aesthetic, and an argument that Avatar could have been done with hand-painted puppets, too. Kate Bush + Björk + Fleetwood Mac, or perhaps to Tori what Tori was to Kate.


    Wheat: White Ink Black Ink

    The band I would happily trade a Pazz & Jop of dull indie for, heirs at once of Big Star and Tom Petty and the Replacements and They Might Be Giants and Sloan.


    Stars of Track and Field: A Time for Lions

    There are lots of bands who sound like they're trying to sound like the 80s, but far too few that feel like they're trying to feel like that music made me feel.


    Tegan & Sara: Sainthood

    And so pop twists in wires,


    Metric: Fantasies

    and simmers in generator hum,


    Maxïmo Park: Quicken the Heart

    and corkscrews off the walls in pointy shoes, dancing with or without you.

    Other Songs


    Shakira: "Mon Amour" (from She Wolf)

    La Quinta Estación: "Sin Salida" (from Sin Frenos)

    So point the guitars outward and hold the lines,


    Nargaroth: "Frühling" (from Jahreszeiten)

    Eluveitie: "The Cauldron of Renascence" (from Evocation I - The Arcane Dominion)

    and know that darkness is the truce between firelight and stars.


    Dear Leader: "The Blue Print" (from Stay Epic)

    The Sounds: "No One Sleeps When I'm Awake" (from Crossing the Rubicon)

    Stand up, stand up; it matters what for, but only eventually. Stand up first.


    In This Moment: "Sailing Away" (bonus track from The Dream limited edition)

    Jesu: "Losing Streak" (from Opiate Sun)

    We have engines of redemption, we should fear no silence.


    Saros: "Acrid Plains" (from Acrid Plains)

    Urna: "Sefira Malkuth" (from Iter Ad Lucem)

    We have engines of intricate excavation, we should tolerate no simple lie.


    David Bisbal: "Dame Tu Amor" (from Sin Mirar Atrás)

    K'naan: "Fatima" (from Troubadour)

    Joy and devastation are each other's shadows, and we stand between them,


    Vienna Teng: "Augustine" (from Inland Territory)

    Sleeping at Last: "Timelapse" (from Storyboards)

    but in either direction, retreat is less a tactic of surrender than a dance move to clear some floor.


    Sunn O))): "Big Church" (from Monoliths & Dimensions)

    L'Acéphale: "Stahlhartes Gehäuse" (from Stahlhartes Gehäuse)

    And as we flow, back again and always, into these emptied spaces like ambushing wolves,


    Jewel: "Sov Gott (Sleep Well)" (from Lullaby)

    The Swell Season: "I Have Loved You Wrong" (from Strict Joy)

    there is always somewhere in the center to stand, and hold our hearts above us for light,


    Kelly Clarkson: "I Do Not Hook Up" (from All I Ever Wanted)

    OLIVIA: "Sailing free" (single)

    and gather up the strands of chaos like reins, and send ourselves out again to begin.

              Nibiru, une planète rouge visible dans le ciel d'Hawaï le 20 août 2015        


    Dans cette vidéo Nibiru est visible dans le ciel d'Hawaï, le 20 août 2015, mais elle semble être visible de partout dans le monde !

    Abonnez-vous à la chaîne vidéo de saša lučić pour voir d'autres apparitions de Nibiru dans le monde !


    Dans l'image apparaissant sur un compte Facebook, en bas de l'article qui a été mis en ligne par Ben Garneau sur son site, un internaute qui semble être domicilié au Canada a placé une photo de Nibiru faisant relation au système solaire dénommé Immâru auquel Nibiru appartiendrait. Contact pris avec l'internaute, celui-ci nous confirme que la photo est réelle et qu'elle a été prise le 20 août 2015.


    Après de premières recherches sur le système solaire Immâru auquel Nibiru appartiendrait, elle serait accompagnée de 6 planètes et de 2 lunes qui graviteraient autour de Nibiru, à confirmer par d'autres recherches.


    A vous de vous y mettre aussi aux recherches et de nous les communiquer.


    Voici ce que nous avons trouvé sur le net avec le mot clé Immâru ou système solaire Immaru :


    : Une vidéo qui donne les noms des planètes qui font partie du même système solaire que Nibiru.

    Les noms des planètes de ce système solaire :

    1ère planète : Isatum,

    2ème planète : Sarru,

    3ème planète : Napisiti,

    4ème planète : Urri,

    5ème planète : Matim,

    6ème planète : Nibiru qui aurait 2 lunes : Nanna & Amelserru,

    7ème planète : Atu


    NIBIRU - Planet / Star System



    2 : Un livre en Anglais portant comme par "hasard" sur le thème de la climatologie : Climatological Data, Annual Summary: Florida


    3 : Voici ce que pensaient les Anciens Egyptiens sur la "Démon Star" ou étoile du Diable : How the Ancient Egyptians understood the 'Demon Star' 3,200 years ago - and their calculations have helped solve a modern dilemma

    Traduction Google : Comment les anciens Egyptiens ont compris le «Démon Star" il y a 3200 ans - et de leurs calculs ont permis de résoudre un dilemme moderne

    La théorie selon laquelle nous puissions évoluer sous l'influence d'un système solaire binaire et que notre soleil aurait un frère a déjà été évoquée , et elle est parfaitement plausible compte tenu du fait que nous savons d'après les recherches du scientifique Français, Jean-Pierre Petit qui a développé la Théorie des Univers Gémélaires ou Univers Jumeaux, que nous savons désormais qu'il existe des Univers Pallèles, que notre Univers est Holographique, ou qu'il n'est qu'une projection de ce qui peut exister dans la matière dite noire, mais qui pour nous est la matière supralumineuse, non encore connue, que  l'Univers est Ã©lectrique, découverte que nous devons à Nicolas TESLA, que l'Univers est Fractal, qui ne sait que dupliquer les ADN qu'il a mémorisés dans ses matrices et qui font que tout ce qui est en haut et tout comme ce qui est en bas, et inversement, que les astres naissent de rencontres électriques,  etc.. et que la science ne connait encore rien à la matière dite noire de l'Univers, tout est possible !

    Passons donc à l'article mis en ligne par Ben Garneau

    22 Août 2015

    Commençons par cette image extraite d'une vidéo, la planète rouge qui se reflète dans l'eau, prouvant qu'il ne s'agit pas d'un reflet de lentille, mais d'une planète bien réelle.

    Nbiru , une planète rouge visible dans le ciel

    Voici la vidéo,

    Ajoutée le 20 août 2015

    hawaiian 2015-08-20 Oahu, Hawaii (HST) Sunrise 6:11am
    I would ask you if you want to subscribe for my channel. THANK YOU.BY.SAÅ A

    ALERT ! SEE RED PLANET X NIBIRU! Oahu, Hawaii 2015-08-20

    Dans le même ordre d'idées, cette image qui circule sur Facebook va dans le même sens, il y a une planète rouge que les chemtrails ont de plus en plus de difficulté à cacher.

    Cliquez sur l'image pour la voir en taille originale

    Conclusion : Nibiru ou la Planète X, est bien réelle, de plus en plus de photos et de vidéos le prouvent.

    Cette planète n'est pas toujours facilement visible, il y a encore beaucoup trop de chemtrails et de pollution pour qu'on puisse la voir en permanence. Mais ça s'en vient ... plus que quelques mois, et personne ne pourra nier ce que tous peuvent facilement voir dans le ciel , ce qui devrait se faire au plus tard en fin d'année 2015 - début 2016.

    À suivre ...


    Un article qui pourrait vous intéresser :

    La mystérieuse Nibiru, faisons le point… ! 2e édition.

    Publié par MERLIN sur 20 Août 2015, 22:12pm


    Bonne lecture ...

              A maze of twisty little Java web service standards, all alike        
    It’s almost impossible to keep up with all the fractal-like Java standards related to web services. As fast as each can be learned, Sun invents another, and a dozen open source implementations appear. For my own sanity I tried to create a rough map of some of them. I tried to avoid making recommendations; my […]
              The Most Expensive Piece of Art by A Living Artist        
    A Man is as the Man thinks... This is fractal mirrored in our society. Although laborious, futile. First we had music, now we have noise. Originally we had paintings, now we have impressionist depictions. In one of the four axis, these ones go down, not up.

    Desde diciembre de 2015, Fractal-Posible es un espacio semanal producido con el Tecnológico de Monterrey y Fundación Televisa para discutir los temas de mayor relevancia para el ecosistema emprendedor en...

    La entrada Fractal-Posible aparece primero en Televisa News.

              By: gingerpixel        
    Thanks for all the great feedback everyone, no clear winner yet but a couple of favourites are emerging. Thanks to your comments I've already ruled out a few including the two smoke ones; I agree that they do look just like fractals and they're not really what I normally take photos of. I agree with you McAW, they're more of a fun exercise that most of us photobloggers have had a go at at some stage :D Anyway, I still have a couple of days to choose one so if there are any other votes please chime in.
              By: John of Dublin        
    Hi Claire. I've always loved your Ghostly Road shot as you know. It might fit in with the theme. I also like Making a Splash...which could fit in well too. Smoke shots maybe...but some might mistake them for fractals...I guess if you know the exhibition slant and audience best you could make a judgement. Good luck!
              Why the Good Guys Will Generally Win        
    This is a brief post, typed hastily, but it captures some ideas that have been germinating in my mind for quite some time.

    It's definitely a “stoned college sophomore” type of post (though at the moment of writing it I am neither stoned nor a college sophomore), playing fast and loose with a bunch of highly subtle and important concepts, in a fun and preliminary way.   So take it for what it is … or don't ...

    The topic is what some would call “Universal Ethics” – i.e., what are the ethics intrinsic in the dynamics of the universe itself?   Various people have attempted to argue, in various ways, that the universe tends toward Good rather toward Evil in various senses, but none of the arguments I've read have quite resonated with me (perhaps due to shortcomings in the arguments, or perhaps just to peculiarities in my own perspective, and my need to think things through for myself and understand them in my own way rather than just eating other peoples' arguments).  

    In any case, here I will present a sketch of my own argument that the universe will generally tend toward Good rather than Evil.

    The argument I will give here is quite vague and hand-wavy, at least in the form in which it's presented.   Going out on a long creaky limb, I'll venture that it could potentially be turned into a formal mathematical proof, if one set up the framework right and did an awful lot of work.  This would be interesting, but of course it wouldn't make the argument definitively compelling in a philosophical sense (though it might well make it more compelling by adding detail and flavor in various useful ways).   Ultimately arguments about ethics and the universe we live in can't be settled by mathematics alone, because mathematics only has practical meaning when it is used in conjunction with appropriate bridging assumptions (e.g. physics, or mathematical metaphysics).  

    I will start with three values that I have identified as core to the Cosmist value system (the variety of human value system that appeals to me most, and that I think has the greatest growth and survival path for the future): Joy, Growth and Choice.   For discussion of why these values seem critical to me, see the relevant sections of my books The Hidden Pattern (free pdf here) and A Cosmist Manifesto (free pdf here).   In brief, and in a very fuzzy/humanistic way:
    • Joy is joy!  That is basic goodness.  Who can argue with joy?  In the context of complex cognitive systems like people or AGIs, joy is closely allied with the feeling of a system getting what it wants and expects; which of course is often achieved via the system adjusting what it wants and expects judiciously.
    • Growth is important too, because with just joy and no growth, one might just have a universe comprising one big fuzzy orgasm.   Of course, from the point of view of the meta-cosmic orgasm itself, the meta-cosmic orgasm is No Problem At All.   But from my point of view as a complex cognitive system, I'm not satisfied with that, and I want to see new patterns keep getting created.  Growth is creativity, it's evolution, it's life.
    • Choice is individuality.   With just joy and growth, we might just have some sort of universe-wide pattern-generating fractal – with no individual mind-systems pursuing their own goals and refining their own world-views.   But as a semi-autonomous human agent, the ongoing existing of individuals making choices feels important to me (though note the complexity of the concept of choice: some sort of “natural autonomy” is more interesting to think about than incoherent notions of “free will”).

    Of course, these three values don't summarize the whole of human values, nor the whole of my own personal value system.  Furthermore, these three values – as I mean them – are complex constructs whose deep definition and meaning depends on a huge amount of human culture.  But nevertheless, I think these three values are symbolic of thought/feeling-networks that are very core to human values and encompass a large percentage of human values.   In terms of “glocal memory”, I think these three values are “keys” corresponding to distributed attractors in the human collective mind, and that these distributed attractors approximate the essential aspects of human values interestingly well (though far from completely).

    Given this background: One thing I want to present here is a basic, simple argument why Joy and Choice promote Growth very effectively.   There is nothing profoundly new here, I am just summarizing some obvious ideas in a slightly different way than I've seen before.  

    If one can show that Joy and Choice promote Growth very effectively (and in particular, that they promote it more effectively than suffering and de-individuation), then to show that the universe intrinsically promotes Joy, Choice and Growth, one basically only needs to show that the universe promotes Growth.   Because from an evolutionary view, if one looks at the universe as a large system containing various subsystems, then if
    • Joy and Choice promote Growth better than suffering and de-individuation do
    • the universe promotes Growth

    it follows that statistically, subsystems with Joy and Choice will tend to prevail.  

    But the fact that the universe promotes Growth, in the sense that it rewards growing systems via differentially favoring their existence, follows fairly directly from the finitude of the universe's resources.   In a universe with highly limited resources, systems that can grow a lot will grab up more of the resources, shutting out systems that can't grow that much.   This sort of phenomenon is seen in evolving ecologies of every sort.

    But why do Joy and Choice promote Growth so effectively, so much better than their opposites?   This is also easy enough to see:
    1. Joy promotes greater generosity, which promotes greater collective intelligence.   A system that is getting what it wants and feels it needs, is more likely to share with other systems.   Thus, a collection of joyful systems is more likely to share resources and information amongst each other copiously, than a collection of less joyful systems.   Less joyful systems, that are not getting what they need, are more likely to conserve what they have for themselves and avoid sharing with others, as they will be occupied with scheming to get what they need.   But greater generosity is the key to superrationality, which is the key to collective intelligence.   Collections of joyful agents are more likely to display powerful collective intelligence.   (There is some yet-to-be-unraveled mathematics underlying generosity and superrationality; the incomplete and awkward thoughts I wrote down in this rough draft a few years ago may provide a few inklings in this direction).
    2. Choice promotes greater diversity of pattern generation.   The core reasons for this are subtle, and in the end boil down to the finitude of energetic and informational resources once again.   The nature of pattern-space is that patterns are easier to detect if one restricts attention to relatively local regions of pattern-space (i.e. regions consisting of patterns fairly similar to each other).   To recognize patterns across a very broad region of pattern-space, requires much more intelligence, i.e. much more energetic and computational resources. Thus if one wants to recognize a large number of patterns, it is generally better to have a collection of pattern-recognition processes each looking in some relatively local region of pattern-space, and focusing on that region with inductive biases appropriate to that region. There is some as-yet-unraveled mathematics underlying this point, which I predict will be very interesting to unfold over the next decades.   (This closely relates to some of the ideas underlying OpenCog's MOSES component, which carries out automated program learning via a set of small evolving populations of programs called “demes”, each of which seeks to learn programs in a certain semi-local region of program space.  The reason MOSES works this way is that certain sorts of patterns (“syntactic-semantic correspondences between programs”) are easier to recognize in a small region of program space than in a large one. But I think the computer-science observations underlying MOSES actually represent more general principles.)

    So there we have it.   To re-cap:
    1. Joyful systems will tend to grow better than non-joyful systems, because joy fosters generosity which fosters collective intelligence driving superrationality
    2. Choiceful systems will tend to grow better than non-choiceful systems, because choice fosters diverse pattern generations
    3. Growing systems will tend to prevail over non-growing ones, because they will tend to grab up the universe's finite resources more rapidly

    So from the assumption of the finitude of the universe, we arrive at the conclusion that systems embodying Joy, Growth and Choice will be more likely to prevail.

    Of course, even if all this is correct, this is purely a statistical argument, and doesn't show that Good Things will prevail in any particular situation.   Nor is it the kind of statistical argument that is likely to yield accurate calculations of the specific odds of Good prevailing in any particular real-world situation.  

    But as a piece of speculative philosophy, I find this direction intriguing, and – in the random odd moments I find to devote to such things – I hope to refine this line of thinking in more detail in coming years.  

    Among other things, this argument provides a slightly different angle on the Problem of Evil – which I often consider in the form “Why does an infinite universe want to divide itself into finite subsystems, when the limitation of resources within these finite subsystems causes so many internal problems from the perspective of entities within these subsystems?”  ….  

    The angle suggested here is: Finite universes exist because, within them, there is a dynamic via which Good (i.e. Joy, Growth and Choice) will statistically prevail.  

    Which is a fancy way of saying what I said much more simply in A Cosmist Manifesto: Separation exists so that there can be the joy of overcoming separation, which is love.   And this of course, is not an original notion at all.   But the unraveling of this notion in terms of evolutionary dynamics, pattern space, superrationality, and so forth, is fairly new within our shard of the meta-cosmos, and still mostly to be unfolded.

    As an exercise for the reader, it may be interesting to modify the above long winding choo-choo train of thought into an argument why happy societies with ongoing progress and individual liberty are ultimately going to prevail on average.   Good news for those concerned about society and politics!

              Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 Free Download        

    Visual Effects and Motion Graphics tools. Red Giant Effects Suite is a set of 9 tools that have served the visual effects community for years, delivering the creative freedom to produce professional effects.

    What's New in Effects Suite 11:

    Knoll Light Factory 3.0
    3D Lens Flares for Motion Graphics and VFX.

    - Created by Industrial Light & Magics John Knoll
    - Over 100 fully customizable presets
    - After Effects camera-aware flares can be linked to lights in 3D space

    Composite Wizard 1.4.6
    Cleanup tools for keyed footage and more.

    - The simplest complement for your keying solutions
    - Superior Edge control integrates your subject with your scene
    - Remove unwanted artifacts, then use light and color tools to finish your composite

    ToonIt 2.1
    Give video the look of a cartoon, comic book or painting.

    - Add interest to ordinary images
    - Believable cartoon effects powered by Toonamation
    - More than 40 presets make workflow easy and fast

    Holomatrix 1.2
    Sci-fi holograms. Digital distortion. Bad Reception. Enhancement for UI and HUD Elements.

    - Recreate holographic looks for your footage, logos or motion graphic elements
    - Enhance the look of digital signs, screens, and heads-up displays
    - Mess up your footage to mimic bad reception

    Image Lounge 1.4
    Camera tools, fractals, and distortion effects.

    - Give your image a greater impact
    - Filters replicate natural elements like fire, smoke, and water
    - Add realistic touches using shadows, displacement, and blur/focus effects

    Warp 1.1
    Shadows, reflections, glows, and corner pinning.

    - Corner-pinning is easy with advanced After Effects integration
    - Control perspective, falloff and more for reflections and shadows
    - Now including 3 tools for unique glows and glimmers

    Psunami 1.4
    Photoreal 3D Water Surfaces.

    - Generate 3D ray-traced water
    - Complete camera control above, at, or under the waters surface
    - Easy animation options to create a wide variety of water environments

    Text Anarchy 2.4
    Automated animation tools for text and more.

    - Move text in grids, lines, spirals or other paths
    - Extensive typographic control
    - Create backgrounds and patterns with included Geomancy plug-in

    PlaneSpace 1.4
    Instantly arrange and animate 3D layers in After Effects.

    - Create cubes, cylinders, spheroids or complex matrices
    - No keyframes necessary
    - Unlimited number of layers

    System Requirements:

    PC / Windows:
    - Windows 7 64-bit
    - Windows 8 64-bit
    - Windows 10 64-bit
    - Pentium 4 2.4 GHz or faster (or AMD equivalent)
    - 1 GB of RAM
    - 30 MB of Hard Drive space

    Download:  Link 1  -  Link 2  -  Link 3

    Red Giant Effects Suite, Red Giant Effects Suite crack, Red Giant Effects Suite patch, Red Giant Effects Suite keygen, Red Giant Effects Suite serial keys, Red Giant Effects Suite free full download, Red Giant Effects Suite patched, Red Giant Effects Suite activated, Red Giant Effects Suite pro setup, Red Giant Effects Suite full download, Red Giant Effects Suite activated, Red Giant Effects Suite keys, Red Giant Effects Suite serials, Red Giant Effects Suite  registration keys, Red Giant Effects Suite full version setup, Red Giant Effects Suite full setup, Red Giant Effects Suite activator, Red Giant Effects Suite product keys, Red Giant Effects Suite preactivated, Red Giant Effects Suite activated, Red Giant Effects Suite cracked, Red Giant Effects Suite patched, Red Giant Effects Suite precracked, Red Giant Effects Suite pin, Red Giant Effects Suite codes, Red Giant Effects Suite full, Red Giant Effects Suite premium, Red Giant Effects Suite pro, Red Giant Effects Suite free download, Red Giant Effects Suite free, New, Latest, Latest Crack, New Patch, Working Serial Keys, serial key new, applicationname full version with crack, Red Giant Effects Suite full version with crack, Red Giant Effects Suite full version, Red Giant Effects Suite full version crack, Red Giant Effects Suite full version patch, Red Giant Effects Suite full version serial keys, Red Giant Effects Suite preactivated, activator, Red Giant Effects Suite activator, 2014, trick, best trick, tweak , latest crack of Red Giant Effects Suite, patch for Red Giant Effects Suite, crack for Red Giant Effects Suite, serial keys for Red Giant Effects Suite, cracks, new version crack for Red Giant Effects Suite, keygen for Red Giant Effects Suite, new keygen, Red Giant Effects Suite full version with crack and keygen, Red Giant Effects Suite with keygen, Red Giant Effects Suite with crack, Red Giant Effects Suite with serial keys, registered, registered Red Giant Effects Suite, Red Giant Effects Suite registered, new Red Giant Effects Suite registered, latest Red Giant Effects Suite registered, reg keys for Red Giant Effects Suite, Red Giant Effects Suite reg keys, Red Giant Effects Suite registeration keys, full version free, full free, free full version of Red Giant Effects Suite, Red Giant Effects Suite full version free, Red Giant Effects Suite premium, pro, Red Giant Effects Suite professional, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 crack, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 patch, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 keygen, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 serial keys, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 free full download, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 patched, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 activated, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 pro setup, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 full download, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 activated, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 keys, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 serials, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9  registration keys, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 full version setup, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 full setup, Red Giant Effects Suite 11.1.9 activator

              Finding Your Perfect Automated Forex System Might Not Be That Easy        
    Would you like to be able to trade forex on autopilot? Would you like to use robot to do the trading for you? To do tasks like finding profitable trades and executing them - even when you sleep?

    Well, in the computer and Internet era it's relatively easy and almost every week we see a new automated forex trading system being offered to the general public. Some of them cost under $100, but there are also much more expensive programs - with prices in the $2,000 - $10,000 range. However, very often those expensive systems are sold to limited number of traders.

    Why are automated forex systems in such high demand, commending such high prices?

    The answer is simple; it can be found among the motivating factors for the participants in any market - not only forex, but also stock and commodity trading. I'm talking here about greed, fear, desire to live pleasant life, etc. Of course, those are rather general motivations, but they really have significant impact on every trader's mindset and his or her approach to trading.

    Many authors writing on the topic of trading maintain that although fundamentals such as interests rates, CPI, employment data, etc. have significant impact on how the markets move, the psychological aspect of trading is much more important. The markets are moved by the combined belief system of each individual trader (or market participant).

    That's a very important concept, because it means that each trader's desires, hopes, fears, needs, opinions, experience, education, interests, motives, etc. impact the way the trader analyses the available information and makes the trading decisions based on both belief system and the information. Those decisions are about what and when to trade, how much to expect from a trade, how much to risk, when to enter and exit and whether to buy or sell. Those decisions made by each trader are transformed into orders - that's how the markets, including forex market, move.

    It's a very interesting process, isn't it? And the implications are far-reaching, because if we accept it, it means that we can't consider markets as linear systems that could be analyzed with tools that are based on linear mathematics and statistics. And as so much of the movement of the markets is determined by the psychology of trading, it is obvious that in order to explain that movement, it is necessary to use non-linear systems (models). Also, inter-disciplinary approach is needed, as only in that way it is possible to follow the markets.

    With such a powerful tool as a computer, it is possible now to build much more complicated models than those created before the computers became available. Those models and the results of using them are developed by the software programmers into trading systems. There are automated forex trading systems that incorporate breakthrough discoveries from emerging progressive sciences, such as: Quantum Mechanics, Chaos Theory, Fractal Geometry and Wavelet Theory.

    Forex market is best suited for such inter-disciplinary approach due to its huge trading volume - many times bigger than that of the stock market and the futures market. When those advanced sciences are used to create trading systems, it results in more accurate and thus more profitable trading signals.

    So next time, when looking for an automated system for your forex trading, consider spending extra dollars to purchase a system that employs non-linear theories and tools. Analyses provided by such a system will be much more accurate than those based on out-dated linear theories, which can only tweak historical data to fit the model. And you will get a system that more closely fits your trading style.
    Mary Cala recommends Gomega Trader as the best automated forex system because it utilizes Chaos Theory, Quantum Mechanics and Fractal Geometry. Mary is the Author and a Forex Trader. She also writes about forex trading software and about forex systems on her blog Automated Forex Systems.
              The Next Generation Of Automated Forex Systems        
    If you are serious about trading currencies, I have no doubts that you are among those who are looking for the "Holy Grail" of the forex trading systems. And, of course, you'd love to have an automated forex system that actually works, because very often they are disappointing.

    Thanks to the Internet and the changes to the trading laws in most of the countries, any person can get involved in forex and participate in that enormous market. All that is necessary to do that is having an Internet connection and an account with a forex broker (loaded with some trading capital; at least $2K is recommended, but some brokers allow to trade with much less).

    Neither stock or futures trading have it, but forex trading has the "built-in" protection against losing the trading capital (no debt balances are allowed), but it's never pleasant to see your money being depleted. So as soon as you experience a series of losing trades, you start looking for that "Holy Grail" - a trading system that will help you not only protect your trading capital, but will also save you stress, time and energy. And the best one would be something that would do trading for you - 24/7, therefore something that would be making you money even when you sleep.

    Not every forex trading system does all of that; but probably the most important benefit of using an automated forex system is that it can trade 24/7 and can do that without any emotions. That's something that no human can do!

    So what to look for in an automated forex trading system? I recommend that you seek a next-generation automated forex system. Look for trading software that uses not only Fibonacci tools and the commonly known indicators, such as: MACD, RSI, stochastics, oscillators, Bollinger bands, etc. Systems that use only them are obsolete. You should be using an automated forex system that applies not only mathematical algorithms, but also principles from a variety of progressive scientific theories, such as: Quantum Mechanics, Chaos Theory, Fractal Geometry and Wavelet Theory.

    Look for a system that uses synergistic combination of those sciences to determine the direction in which the market is going and to provide you with the signals that will give you short- and long-term profits. With a top-class automated forex system, you should be able to profit from both short-term and long-term currency moves - at any time (24/7) and with any currency pair. It should be flexible enough to adapt to your unique trading style and to unique characteristics of trading, as they are different for each currency pair, for various time frames. It should be able to assist you in various types of forex trading, such as position trading, intra-day swing trading, trading the news, etc. And it should help you properly manage your trading capital - important role, which often decides if a trader enjoys making profit in long run, or not.

    Your perfect automated forex system should deliver objective means of filtering out questionable signals and it should accurately identify areas of major and intermediate support and resistance. It should be able to help you set and achieve realistic profit targets for maximum gain, with low risk of loss - it should be able to determine proper stop loss placements and to tell you how to exit the trade if your profit target is not hit.

    Those technical aspects of the perfect system are very important as is the ability to deal with the money management, but a perfect, completely automated trading system should also be able to eliminate trader's emotions from the trading. Well, computers don't think, so it should be easy, isn't it? When making a final decision about getting your next forex trading system, ask this question - after the initial set-up, will the system require anything more from me than making sure that my computer is on? With the best systems, after you decide what pairs to trade, in what time frames and what your profit/loss settings are, all you have to do is just ensuring that your Internet is working.
    Mary Cala is the Author and a Forex Trader. She also writes about trading currencies and about forex systems on her blog Automated Forex Systems. Mary recommends Gomega Trader as the best automated forex system because it utilizes Chaos Theory, Quantum Mechanics and Fractal Geometry.
               Shycloudfractals + Mothandrust         

    This is just a short. The full video will be uploaded soon enough

               Shycloudfractals 6 3 17         


               Shycloudfractals camshow         

    Shycloudfractals camshow

               2017-04-21 Shycloudfractals         


               shycloudfractals scissoring         

    shycloudfractals scissoring

               shycloudfractal play         

    shycloudfractals get each other off



               Shycloudfractals webcam show 2017-02-15 17050209         

    Shycloudfractals plays with her pussy baby DOWNLOAD HERE -

               Shycloudfractals webcam show 2017-02-15 16020406         

    Shycloudfractals come pet my kitty DOWNLOAD HERE -

               Shycloudfractals webcam show 2017-02-18 144825         

    Shycloudfractals touching herself DOWNLOAD HERE -

               Shycloudfractals webcam show 2017-02-18 023311         

    Shycloudfractals wants to fuck you like an animal DOWNLOAD HERE -

               Shycloudfractals webcam show 2017-02-14 020624         

    Shycloudfractals vibration makes her cum DOWNLOAD HERE -

              Lecture 2: Thresholds, Islands, and Fractals        
    Three basic concepts of the percolation theory – namely, percolation threshold, cluster size distribution, and fractal dimension – are defined and methods to calculate them are illustrated via elementary examples. These three concepts will form the theoretical foundation for discussion in Lecture 3, 4, and 5, respectively.
              Restless Mornings 06-16-2017 with Ann Cantelow        

    Autolux- Soft Scene - PUSSYS DEAD
    Tanya Tagaq Gillis Bjork- Ancestors - Sinaa
    Oki Dub Ainu Band- East Of Kunashiri - Oki Dub Ainu Band
    Sussan Deyhim- Meykhaneh - Madman Of God
    - voicebreak -
    The White Stripes- White Moon - Get Behind Me Satan
    Boo Hanks Dom Flemons- Truckin My Blues Away - Buffalo Junction
    Mulatu Astatke- Dewel - Mulatu Of Ethiopia
    Third Coast Percussion- Fractalia - Unknown Symmetry
    Deleon- En El Caf - DeLeon
    - voicebreak -
    Fanfare Ciocrlia- Summertime - 20
    Hadag Nahash- Hadag Nachash The Snake Fish - Hamechona Shell Hagroove The Groove Machine
    Buffy SainteMarie- Little Wheel Spin And Spin - Running For The Drum
    - voicebreak -
    Vladimir Vysotsky- - Vladimir Vysotsky
    Gwigwi Mrwebi- Lilys Express - John Armstrong Presents South African Funk Experience
    Vicky Chow- Morning Tale III Awakening - A O R T A
    Cream- World Of Pain - Disraeli Gears Remastered
    Average White Band- Pick Up The Pieces - The Essentials Average White Band
    Bob Dylan- All Along The Watchtower - The Essential Bob Dylan
    Lani McIntyre- South Sea Moon - El Rancho Grande
    - voicebreak -
    Lindstrm Prins Thomas- Claudja - Lindstrom Prins Thomas
    Rob Burger- Youkali - Lost Photograph
    Jaime Torres- Zelma - Electroplano
    Laurie Anderson- Coolsville - Live At Town Hall
    Hideo Osaka- Take No Odori - The Art Of The Japanese Bamboo Flute
    Kinan Azmeh- Sisters - Elastic City
    Rumillajta- Iscanwaya - Hoja De Coca The Music Of The Andes
    - voicebreak -
    Alexander- Truth - Truth Single
    Earth Wind Fire- Gratitude - Earth Wind Fire Greatest Hits
    - voicebreak -
    Aretha Franklin Eurythmics- Sisters Are Doin It For Themselves - Whos Zoomin Who
    Carmen Miranda- South American Way - The Very Best Of Carmen Miranda
    Chancha Via Circuito- Puente - Ro Arriba
    Getatchew Kassa- Tezeta Fast - thiopiques Vol 1 Golden Years Of Modern Ethiopian Music 19691975
    Edith Piaf- Hymne A LAmour - La Mome The Very Best Of Edith Piaf
    Jelly Roll Morton- The Crave - The Complete Library Of Congress Recordings
    Woomera- Ngrekkaldo - Traditional Aboriginal Music

    playlist URL:
              Comment on Fractal Film by Pau Waelder: art critic, curator and researcher        
    […] Fractal Film Antoine Schmitt y Delphine Doukhan, 2013 […]
              Comment on Fractal Film by Media Art Futures – Cine de datos        
    […] Fractal Film Antoine Schmitt y Delphine Doukhan, 2013 […]
              Our Hyperdimensional Mesh of Identities, by Alliah        

    “There is a common poor attempt at a joke … that consists purely in stringing together a series of marginalized identities and calling attention to it … as if the mere existence of someone like that would be so absurd it could only be laughable.”

    Invisible 3 CoverAlliah is one of the contributors to Invisible 3, which came out on June 27 and includes 18 essays and poems about representation in science fiction and fantasy. You can order the collection at:

    Amazon | B&N | Kobo | iBooks | Smashwords | Google Play

    Any profits from the sale of the collection go to Con or Bust, helping fans of color to attend SF/F conventions.

    As with Invisible and Invisible 2, the contributors to this third volume have shared work that’s heartfelt, eye-opening, honest, thoughtful, and important…not to mention relevant to so much of what we see happening in the genre today.


    Our Hyperdimensional Mesh of Identities

    Growing up in the 90s and early 00s in the south-east of Brazil, all I saw in mainstream media were the same repetitive, harmful and offensive stereotypes about travestis in telenovelas and badly written comedy TV shows, and the effeminate gay men and macho lesbian women token characters whose non-conforming gender expression was grossly caricatured for cheap laughs.

    As an openly queer young girl in school, I learned that I could be queer, but not too much, not too visibly. I’ve heard those laughs, and I internalized through bullying and ridicule that I should change how I presented myself to the world—which I did really fast by becoming the stock image of a non-threatening feminine girl, although I never hid my sexuality. My first awkward attempts at a masculine gender expression didn’t have time to blossom. I shoved it down some unreachable recess of my mind and avoided it for 10 years, which (along with compulsive heterosexuality and a binary cisnormative culture) is why it took me so long to understand my bisexuality and figure out my transmasculine non-binary gender identity.

    Once I did, I uncovered a gender euphoria I’ve been cultivating ever since.

    It took me years to understand the ways in which I inhabit my queer transmasculine genderfluid neuroatypical body, and my most powerful illumination came unexpectedly through the stories of a queer non-binary neuroatypical green witch: Elphaba Thropp, the Wicked Witch of the West.

    Wicked: Cover ArtI first met her in the book series The Wicked Years by Gregory Maguire, where most aspects about her gender and sexuality were ambiguous or obscured between the lines, and later in fan fiction, where the depths of Elphaba’s intersectional identities (canon or not) could be explored to the fullest by writers that shared those same identities.

    Despite being an avid reader of speculative fiction since childhood, it was only after these encounters with trans and non-binary characters in fan fiction during the first half of my twenties that I started researching these topics, that I found out where I belonged. I discovered a thriving community of authors from marginalized groups creating astonishing rebellious versions of every world I’ve ever dreamed of and countless others I couldn’t imagine would be paramount to my process of liberation.

    I owe it mostly to the fictional characters and their creators that illuminated me—from early readings like Virginia Woolf’s Orlando to the most recent fan fiction stories about a non-binary autistic Elphaba, a genderfluid bisexual Korra (from The Legend of Korra), and an agender transhumanist Root (from Person of Interest). I wish I could’ve met them sooner. Along the way to self-discovery, I had to collect all sorts of missing pieces with jagged edges and weird fractal shapes, and figure out a way to put them together myself. I was lucky to stumble upon the stories that I did and then to be able to find the communities that I needed. That’s why representation is vital. You cannot search for something you don’t even know exists.

    There is a common poor attempt at a joke (that I’ve seen in both Anglophone and Brazilian online spaces), often directed at dehumanizing non-binary people and mocking activists working at the multidimensional core of intersections, that consists purely in stringing together a series of marginalized identities and calling attention to it, using the accumulation of these identities as a joke in and of itself, as if the mere existence of someone like that would be so absurd it could only be laughable.

    One of the things fantasy author Jim Anotsu and I wanted to acknowledge when we wrote the Manifesto Irradiativo—our call to diversity and representation in Brazilian speculative fiction—is that our lives cannot be reduced to an isolated shelf in a bookstore or a niche market, thus we cannot be constrained to discussing the realities of our identities in those compartmentalized terms. We’re so much more than single-issue stories, than the same old one-dimensional narratives constructed to serve the gaze of the oppressor without making them examine their privileges and dismantle their systems of violence.

    Those single-issue stories exist and persist for several reasons concerning the maintenance of racial, economic, and social power, amongst them because there is a fear of “too much” diversity. As if a book about a bipolar asexual bigender Afro-Brazilian person, for example, would scare away or alienate the common reader—who is always presumed to be the neurotypical cis straight white default that can handle only one unit of diversity at a time, served lukewarm, unseasoned. But as Audre Lorde said in a 1982 speech at Harvard University: “There is no such thing as a single-issue struggle because we do not live single-issue lives.”

    Stories matter. And we shouldn’t have the full extent of our existences cut, segregated, and dimmed in them. We deserve to live as a hyperdimensional mesh of identities when they want to flatten us, to be loud when they want to silence us, to occupy the spaces that have been negated to us, and to be wonderfully written and represented as such.


    Alliah/Vic is a bisexual non-binary Brazilian writer and visual artist working in the realms of the weird and pop culture. They’re the author of Metanfetaedro and have various short stories published in themed collections and on the web. They’re currently building too many independent projects, working on their first novel, and haunting your internet cables. Find them tweeting at alliahverso and newslettering in Glitch Lung. Or buy them a coffee at ko-fi!

    Mirrored from Jim C. Hines.

    comment count unavailable comments
              Comment on Fractal – StormLapse by Chad Cowan by Gordon Tripp        
    Absolutely agree with Elonranger. Great to be able to pause, study and then move on. Anything on the more benign Cirrus/contrail development?
              Comment on Fractal – StormLapse by Chad Cowan by Elonranger        
    The best storm clouds music video I've seen in a long while. Thanks.
              Voices of Women with Host Kris Steinnes: Miriam Dyak and EagleSong Gardener share their stories        
    EpisodeReawaken Your Life Purpose with Miriam DyakAre you ready for a new beginning? Are you called beyond your familiar world in order to find your purpose and explore your destiny? Experience practical magic exploring multi-dimensional embodiment exercises and mythic journeys in order to help you manifest your “passion for the possible”.  Discover the fractal patterns that have repeated in the high moments of your life, and explore how your dreams and projects fit into the fracta ...
              Redfield Fractalius 2.80        

      Redfield Fractalius â€” плагин для фотошоп, который позволяет преобразовывать фото-изображения, используя функцию фрактального алгоритма. Отредактированные вами такие изображения будут представлять из себя поистине необыкновенные фантастические зарисовки, насыщенные светлыми изогнутыми штрихами, тенями, как будто вы создали сказочного персонажа или картину.

      При помощи плагина Fractalius, возможно получить различные неоновые свечения и вкрапления, так что фото-изображение станет похоже на карандашный эскиз, или мистический пейзаж, освещенный призрачным светом. Эффекты создаются на базе так называемого рекурсивного образа редактируемого объекта, цифрового изображения.



              Mistlock Observatory        
    "Re-live the greatest and most exciting moments from Tyria's past as you test your strength, speed, and skill against some of the most formidable opponents from the annals of history."  -The Consortium PR and Legal Defense Team

    In the same patch that Rising Flames was released, the Guild Wars 2 team also implemented changes to the Mistlock Observatory map. Many more islands have appeared around Dessa's main island while others have shifted around.  Not only were there numerous visual changes (like trees and grass sprouting from the rocks where there were previously none), but you can now play through a beautiful jumping puzzle while waiting for your party to get ready for their next fractal run. Or alone- if parties and fractals aren't really your thing.

    As of this patch, Mistlock observatory no longer suffers from a flat 'creamsicle' sky and a lot of things have moved around, notably a small island with a bit of ruin left on it. Fast growing trees and shifting islands are probably due to the nature of the mists that they exist in; perhaps we'll see more visual updates to the fractals and observatory in the future.

              Rebuilt Lions Arch - Fort Marriner         
    "I barely recognize Fort Marriner. But it's good to see the old place busy again." - Keeper Olda

    Continuing with the Rebuilt Lions Arch series, Fort Marriner has made a lot of changes. It's still the hub of the mists portals. Now, however, it holds the portal to Fractals of the Mists and rightfully so. The rebuilt fort is now also home to the Lions Arch Aerodrome, which the players voted as the name. The Aerodrome now serves as an airbase for the city, helping to provide more defenses than ever before.

    Most of the structures in and around the fort are in the new style, unlike the postern ward. A lot of the trees were switched out with palm trees outside of the fort entrances and it boasts a lot more flora around the fort than we've seen before. On the map, the fort still resembles the shape it held before. 

              Indie Royale 5: The New Years Bundle        
    url:, notes: Not all games available on all download platforms. Pay more than average to get the bonus item., datefrom: 1/5/2012, dateto: 1/9/2012, games: Nuclear Dawn Max & The Magic Marker Fractal Super Crossfire, bonus: George & Jonathan's Beautiful Lifestyle album, os: Windows Mac, downloads: Direct Steam Desura
    Been playing with a free 3D fractal rendering tool called Mandelbulber. The interface is a bit spartan but it can create some really sweet renders. I just played around with the example fractal files already included with the software as I don’t really comprehend the maths behind it. Post work done in Photoshop to make […]
              Î¤Î± αγαπημένα μου βιβλία Ελλήνων πεζογράφων        

    Τα κείμενά μου για σημαντικά βιβλία Ελλήνων πεζογράφων, στο fractal.

              Î— συνέντευξη στο fractal        

              Î’ραδιές μπαλέτου        

    Το κείμενό μου για το βιβλίο του Αλέξη Πανσέληνου

              Î— Εκδρομή στο fractal        

    Η Ελένη Γκίκα γράφει για το νέο μου μυθιστόρημα

              ÎœÎ¹Î± Εκδρομή εκ προθέσεως: η κριτική της Ιουστίνης Φραγκούλη        

              Î— Εκδρομή: κριτική παρουσίαση στο fractal art        

    Το διεισδυτικό κείμενο για το βιβλίο μου, από την Αικατερίνη Τεμπέλη

              Frozen Fractals All Around        
    We didn’t ski today; it’s one of the more crowded days of the year, and I’ve been fighting a cold. I did walk down to the village to check our mail, but not until after dark (which is about 4 p.m., so I wasn’t slacking that much), which meant I grabbed my Frozen wand as […]
              La Tabla Redonda y otras curiosidades matemáticas de la Inglaterra antigua        
    Cuaderno de bitácora: como inicio de una nueva etapa en el blog, hemos sentido la necesidad de empezar con un tema sencillo en el campo matemático pero de gran interés personal.

    Es sobradamente conocida por todos la historia-leyenda del Rey Arturo, la Reina Ginebra, el Mago Merlín y los Caballeros de la Tabla Redonda, ubicada temporalmente en la época posterior al dominio romano de las Islas Británicas y justo antes de la invasión de las mismas por los pueblos sajones.

    Dicen los cronistas antiguos que después de disputar grandes batallas, una vez que Inglaterra fue pacificada y unida bajo un solo Rey, Arturo sintió la necesidad de crear una Hermandad con sus Caballeros, y siguiendo los consejos del sabio Mago Merlín, hizo construir una gran mesa redonda a la que se sentarían él y sus doce caballeros más fieles para reunirse y discutir los difíciles asuntos del reino y narrar las mejores hazañas de caballería. Por esta mesa o tabla la Hermandad tomó el nombre de los Caballeros de la Tabla Redonda, y gracias a sus increíbles proezas y noble comportamiento adquirió una fama imperecedera que ha llegado hasta nuestros días.

    Según dice la leyenda "a la mesa o tabla se reunían los Caballeros y el Rey, y en ella todos iguales se sentaban y todos igualmente servidos estaban". Podemos comprender que el hecho de que la mesa fuera redonda suponía un símbolo de completa igualdad entre todos los que se sentaban a ella. Es evidente que el Mago Merlín aconsejó la forma matemática del círculo para que precisamente se diera esa relación de igualdad y equilibrio perfecto entre todos los participantes.

    En el círculo todos los puntos están a la misma distancia del centro, y no hay ningún punto de la circunferencia que se destaque sobre los demás o que tenga características diferentes a los de los demás.

    Si se hubiera elegido cualquier otra forma geométrica, no se habría conseguido esa propiedad de igualdad perfecta. En una elipse, por ejemplo, hay cuatro puntos destacados, los dos que se encuentran más cerca del centro de la elipse, y cuya distancia determina el eje menor de la elipse, y los dos que se encuentran más alejados del centro y cuya distancia es el eje mayor de la elipse.

    Si hubiera sido un cuadrado, hay puntos especiales, los cuatro vértices, por ejemplo, y los cuatro puntos medios de los lados.

    Lo mismo ocurre con cualquier polígono regular. De hecho, si se hubiera usado un polígono regular las posibilidades del número de personas que se pueden sentar a la mesa habrían quedado limitadas, mientras que en un círculo da igual cuántas se sienten a la mesa siempre que quepan, porque todos los reunidos estarán a la misma distancia y en idéntico privilegio.

    Viéndolo desde otro punto de vista, también está la cuestión de la simetría de las figuras. La elipse tiene dos ejes de simetría, el cuadrado tiene cuatro. Los polígonos regulares tienen tantos ejes como vértices o lados. Si el polígono regular tiene un número impar de lados, por ejemplo un pentágono regular, entonces cada eje de simetría unirá un vértice con el punto medio del lado opuesto, pasando por el centro del polígono. Si el polígono regular tiene un número par de lados, como el hexágono, entonces la mitad de ejes irán de vértice a vértice opuesto, y la otra mitad unirá los puntos medios de dos lados opuestos.

    Pero el círculo es una figura que tiene infinitos ejes de simetría, porque cualquier recta que pase por el centro es un eje de simetría. Esto significa que en cualquier lugar de la circunferencia que nos coloquemos, en cualquier punto de la mesa en que nos sentemos, vemos al círculo de forma simétrica y equilibrada.

    Según algunas tradiciones, a la mesa redonda se sentaban el Rey y sus Doce Caballeros principales, en total 13 personas, aunque hay otras fuentes que afirman que eran el Rey y Veinticuatro Caballeros, haciendo un total de 25 personas. Esta última posibilidad es la que está recogida en la tabla redonda que se conserva en el gran salón del castillo de Winchester; la mesa en sí fue mandada hacer por el rey Eduardo I en el año 1275 aproximadamente, pero el trabajo de pintura en el que se separó el círculo en veinticinco sectores blancos y verdes, cada uno con un nombre de un Caballero, y se dibujó arriba al Rey Arturo sentado en su trono y apoyado sobre las Dos Rosas, se hizo en 1522 por orden de Enrique VIII.

    Fue el Mago Merlín el que con sus artes sobrenaturales profetizó quiénes habrían de sentarse en la mesa redonda junto a Arturo Pendragón. Así, cuando la mesa fue construida junto con los sillones correspondientes, en cada sillón apareció por arte de magia el nombre del Caballero que tendría el honor de ocuparlo. Pero había nombres de Caballeros que todavía no formaban parte de la Hermandad, e incluso alguno de ellos ni siquiera había nacido todavía, como el caso de Perceval y Galahad.

    Bien sabemos que la Mesa o Tabla Redonda se encontraba en el principal castillo del Rey Arturo, Camelot. Hoy no quedan restos de tal castillo, y se discute sobre su ubicación exacta. Las invasiones bárbaras-sajonas, fueron derrotadas y rechazadas continuamente mientras Arturo Pendragón empuñó su espada Excalibur, pero cuando Arturo murió y la Hermandad de los Caballeros de la Tabla Redonda se deshizo, los bárbaros pudieron por fin entrar en las Islas Británicas, y llenos de rencor por las antiguas derrotas y envidiosos del esplendor alcanzado por el reinado arturiano, se encargaron de borrar todo rastro y memoria del Rey Arturo y sus Caballeros. Camelot fue destruida hasta sus cimientos y del castillo no quedó piedra sobre piedra.

    Sin embargo se conservan muchas tradiciones e indicios de que la ubicación exacta estuvo en la colina fortificada de Cadbury, una pequeña meseta que se eleva en estratos en los que no hace falta demasiada imaginación para ver las líneas por donde discurrieron las murallas defensivas de Camelot.

    Si tenemos la oportunidad de contemplar la mejor película que se ha filmado sobre el Rey Arturo, Excalibur de 1981, dirigida por John Boorman, hay una escena en la que Arturo se reúne por la noche con sus caballeros sobre una colina, después de haber vencido en las batallas libradas contra los sajones, y al celebrar que la guerra ha terminado exclama: "construiremos aquí una tabla redonda para sentarnos a ella y contar hazañas, y en torno a la mesa una sala, y en torno a la sala un castillo..." Es lógico pensar, desde un punto de vista geométrico, que si la mesa fue redonda, la sala también pudo ser redonda, y que las murallas del castillo adoptaran también forma circular. Si observamos la colina de Cadbury, veremos que conserva una forma muy proporcionada, no exactamente circular, pero  cercana al círculo (más concretamente, tiene la forma de un corazón).

    Estudiando en general el pasado de las islas británicas, nos vamos a dar cuenta que el círculo juega un papel muy importante entre la simbología antigua céltica. Podemos mencionar algunos ejemplos arqueológicos interesantes.

    Tenemos el caso de Stonehenge, quizás el monumento megalítico más importante y conocido en todo el mundo. Estudiar y describir con profundidad todo el bagaje cultural que rodea este monumento no solo sería demasiado largo para este blog, sino que ocuparía libros enteros.

    Pero hay un aspecto fundamental en la importancia de esta construcción, más allá del tamaño de sus piedras, más allá de su (relativo) buen estado de conservación, más allá de su participación como lugar central de muchas historias, tradiciones y leyendas británicas. Ese aspecto es el inmenso conocimiento matemático-astronómico que se necesitó para levantar el monumento, y que hace de este lugar una joya arqueológica de primer orden. En efecto, como ya han demostrado varios investigadores, las piedras de Stonehenge están colocadas de forma que se alinean con varias posiciones astronómicas claves, como el lugar por donde sale el sol en el solsticio de verano, por ejemplo. Aquellos que levantaron Stonehenge necesitaron hacer profundos cálculos matemáticos y astronómicos para diseñar lo círculos en los que se distribuyen los megalitos, y así construyeron un monumento que es a la vez un perfecto calculador de posiciones estelares y de fechas calendáricas.

    También se necesitan de complejos cálculos para diseñar y construir un monumento como el que se conserva en Irlanda: Newgrange, un gigantesco túmulo circular al que se puede entrar por un estrecho túnel que desemboca en una pequeña estancia o cámara. El túnel tiene una orientación precisa y las piedras del monumento están dispuestas de tal modo que en el amanecer del solsticio de invierno los rayos del sol penetran por el túnel e iluminan la cámara durante unos breves minutos.

    Entre los monumentos megalíticos, aparte de Stonehenge, hay muchos otros círculos de piedra, por citar uno de los más grandes y espectaculares, tenemos el de Avebury, tan amplio que con el paso de los siglos llegó a establecerse una pequeña aldea en su interior.

    Cerca de Avebury se encuentra otro monumento relacionado con el círculo. Se trata de la "pirámide" de Silbury Hill, una pequeña colina artificial que geométricamente tiene la forma de un cono truncado. Si revisamos las civilizaciones antiguas vemos que muchas de ellas construyeron grandes monumentos piramidales, casi todas pirámides de base cuadrada, como las de Egipto, las pirámides mayas, las de Teotihuacán, los zigurats babilónicos, algunos templos de la India, etc. La pirámide no podía estar ausente de una cultura tan importante como la precéltica de las Islas Británicas, pero en este caso su base no es un cuadrado, sino el círculo, el símbolo tan venerado por estos pueblos antiguos.

    También podemos encontrar el círculo en la conocida "cruz céltica", y un derivado del círculo, la espiral, en muchas piedras megalíticas, como las de Newgrange.

    Por último, una proyección del círculo en la actualidad se ha dado en los misteriosos "crop circles" o círculos de Inglaterra, plasmados en los campos de cereales. Se llaman así porque los primeros de los que se tiene noticia, aparecidos en 1980, eran simples círculos, pero luego fueron apareciendo figuras cada vez más complejas, mezclas y asociaciones de círculos, barras, insectogramas, y posteriormente muchas más figuras geométricas incluyendo fractales y proyecciones en tres dimensiones, y por tanto una denominación más correcta sería la de pictogramas.

              Circular Rainbows, Fractals, and Spiritual Technology        

    Intentionally integrating these tools into our spiritual practice can breathe new life into Judaism and usher in a new age where religion and technology are not seen as at odds with one another but, rather, as mutually beneficial.

    The post Circular Rainbows, Fractals, and Spiritual Technology appeared first on RavBlog.

              How to draw fractals on a graphic calculator?         
    [0] Question by sowb on 02/24/17 6:59 AM Replies: 0 Views: 188
    Tags: Math
    Last Post by sowb on 02/24/17 6:59 AM
              Icy Trance Sessions 039        

    Icy Trance Sessions 039 Tracklist:

    Leolife - Empathy (Matt Bukovsk Remix)
    TechTrek - Different Strokes For Different Folks (Original Mix)
    Simon O'Shine & Ahmed Romel - L'absente (Original Mix)
    DJ Chris - Dreamers (Xenoflash Remix)
    2trancY - Line Of Light (Original Mix)
    Solis & Sean Truby - Raccoon (Chris Metcalfe Remix)
    Paul Surety - Influence (O.B.M Notion Remix)
    2nd Phase - Axiom (Original Mix)
    Chris Cockerill & Phil Lee - Watershed (Original Mix)
    David Rust - Fractal (Jonathan Carvajal Remix)

              AMA Bonus: Replacement Math        
    What do you get when you add Jay-Z's "Problems" to Three Dog Night's "Loneliest Number"? In this Season 1 bonus round, puzzle guru Art Chung challenges contestants to solve simple arithmetic problems using numbers found in pop culture. Calculus is a lot less scary when it involves your favorite band.  Plus, Jonathan Coulton performs an original and puzzling song about fractals, "Mandelbrot Set."
              SFT lanza el smartphone Fractal        
    STF, el elaborador de teléfonos mexicano, ha regalado a entender el lanzamiento de su modelo Fractal, cuyo diseño(design) se remonta a un objeto geométrico que repite sus patrones a diferentes escalas,  presente en los peces y sus escamas, en la ...
              Live H2O - Concert for the Living Water        
    LIVE H2O: Concert for the Living Water!
    June 19 - 21, 2009 - The Historic Summer Solstice Celebration

    The mission of LIVE H2O: Peace, Health & Abundance

    Everything is possible with LOVE, faith, and people united in prayer! This 72-hour global event is designed to bring humanity back to unity and security in the name of LOVE, by celebrating Water.

    There are three ways for you to participate: 1) Go to the nearest venue; 2) Create your own gathering with friends interacting using and this "FREE PASS" to the "Control Room" that links you to streaming video broadcasts from around the world; and 3) Produce your own experience by "surfing" the streaming video, singing, praying, and chanting with multitudes of warm hearts connected online.

    That's right! Even if you are home alone, everyone is invited to celebrate LIVE H2O, especially during the global prayer on Sunday, June 21st, at 6PM Pacific Standard Time. So mark your calendar now, and tell everyone you know to do the same. Let's co-create a "Global Baptism" during the greatest spiritual concert in history--all for the LOVE of Water!

    DRUM, PRAY and CHANT with the World, . . .

    Share in the "LOVE WATER EXPERIMENT". . . . SUNDAY, JUNE 21, 2009. Now with 2 Services Scheduled. Click here to join.

    Heart Connections

    For 72 hours, human hearts worldwide will “marry” the “Universal Solvent” Water, using the “Universal Language” Music, to produce the “Universal Healer” LOVE. Celebrities, authors, film-makers, recording artists, spiritual teachers, and religious leaders from all cultures will be our guides gracing nine main stages internationally at venues adjacent important bodies of Water. These programs will be streamed “live” in high definition and available for FREE by clicking on or the logo below.

    For the first time in history, viewers worldwide will interact freely, singing, chanting, and praying together to produce urgently needed planetary redirection, accelerating the advancing Spiritual Renaissance. Geopolitics and economics cannot continue on a crash course to extinction, so LIVE H2O is heralding available solutions to civilization's most pressing problems.

    Healing the World from Within

    Here you will engage the power of Water - "Creative Juice" - to transform, restore, and sustain health, energy, peace, and prosperity in all ways.

    Two days of education and musical celebration will change the world simply by expanding awareness about these many miracles Water performs eternally without thanks. You will be far more grateful to Water, respect this life-sustainer and universal re-maker, than ever before.

    Health-enhancing and life-extending knowledge about Water and music—"hydrosonics"—is now available. Music is the “universal language,” and how it operates within your body Water, and your DNA, to sustain you is revolutionizing numerous fields of science.

    LOVE is the “universal healer,” and Water the “universal solvent.” Put them together and you have the best-kept secret in history—a truth so freeing it shall surely hasten the Spiritual Renaissance and, with your loving heart involved, restore and sustain "heaven on earth" for our children and future generations.

    Why we are asking musicians to retune their instruments to 528Hz for LIVE H2O:

    If you have ever felt the pure joy of true LOVE in your heart, you have felt 528Hz frequency. How do we know this? Our team comprised of many of the world's leading mathematicians and physicists have advanced sufficient evidence to make this claim. 528Hz is central to the “musical mathematical matrix of creation.” This LOVE vibration harmonically resonates in your heart inaudibly connecting your spiritual essence to the spiraling reality of heaven and earth.

    In fact, 528Hz frequency is fundamental to the laws of physics.
    There is nothing missing or broken in this loving perfection. When you are in it, you are in tune with your creative spirit, and everything just flows in perfect rhythm and rhyme. 528 cycles-per-second, math science proves, is central to Pi, PHI, and the Fibonacci series. This “LOVE tone” frequency, more than any other, epitomizes the unified field of musical metaphysics in the matrix of the spiraling fractal universe.

    Apparently, our Creator uses this central broadcasting channel to musically conduct the universal symphony governing reality. Indeed, 528Hz is at the heart of everything. It is the difference between making love versus war; living in FAITH vs. FEAR (i.e., false evidence appearing real); and expressing your full prayer power. It is the central force driving bioenergy and longevity. It is the harmonic vibration of self-esteem or self-LOVE that lifts heart and divine voices in heavenly harmony.

    Join the prayer on Sunday, June 21, 2009 and gain the “power of 528 to set everything straight.”

    The goals of The Drumming Ceremony

    Native traditions include drumming as a way to heighten spiritual energy and the positive impact of heart-felt loving intention. Gather drums and drummers on Sunday, June 21, 2009 to begin the global drumming ceremony FOUR HOURS prior to the "LOVE Water Experiment"--the global prayer for lasting peace, world health, and universal prosperity. This, our geophysics experts tell us, will significantly increase the impact of our prayer. The global drumming ceremony will be led by GrandMother Drum, an amazingly powerful healing instrument, played by White Eagle Medicine Woman.

    More Info:

              Open Fashion Wiki with Tons of Resources        

              01. Lambda - Fractal Music        
    01. Lambda - Fractal Music

    The first track in the EHA's album, "Lambda" was created using techniques related to Algorithmic composition, using specialized software in order to create a series of symbols, replicated with the self-similarity property of the lambda fractal, and later translated into different kinds of timbers made by sound synthesis.

    Lambda Fractal

    This piece was originally created for the International Architecture Workshop "Hipófisis Digital 2011", that will take place in November at the Pontifical Xaverian University (Bogotá, Colombia), "Lambda" will be the sonic complement for a parametric sculpture built based on the lambda fractal form.

    More about Algorithmic Composition:
    Algorithmic Musical Composition
    Hanna Järveläine
    Helsinki University of Technology

    More about "Hipófisis 2011" (Spanish Only)
    Hipófisis Digital 2011

    Listen to "Lambda":

    01 - Lambda by eventhorizonaudio
              Better algorithm for QPainter::fillRect() with raster based painting        

    KDE Project:

    In my last blog I found out that Qt is being evil when using QPainter::eraseRect() with a QImage based textured brush. How evil? Well, calling QPainter::fillRect() with the same brush results in something like a 30-50% speedup while achieving the exact same results. Not only that, but the QPainter::eraseRect() codepath makes QImage not thread safe for painting outside the main thread because it is silently using QPixmap behind the scenes. However, this isn't the whole story. I was surprised that even with all this fixed the algorithm is still not optimal.

    In fact, you can see a very substantial increase in performance using a fractal based filling and tiling algorithm. Here are the results for a 10000x10000 QImage for tiling operations:

    Algorithm Brush msecs
    naive checkered brush 1186
    eraseRect checkered brush 4445
    fillRect checkered brush 704
    fractalFill checkered brush 284

    As you can see, the QPainter::eraseRect() is evil. Just changing to QPainter::fillRect() provides a very big decrease in the amount of time to paint a pattern. However, the fractalFill algorithm is still much faster. It cuts that time by more than half. So what is this algorithm?

    void ...
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);

    /* create our pattern */
    QImage base(20, 20, FORMAT);
    QPainter p1(&base);
    p1.fillRect(0, 0, 10, 10, Qt::gray);
    p1.fillRect(10, 0, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(0, 10, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(10, 10, 10, 10, Qt::gray);

    QPainter p(&image);

    /* draw the pattern once at 0,0 */
    p.drawImage(0, 0, base);

    const int imageW = image.width();
    const int imageH = image.height();
    int w = base.width();
    int h = base.height();
    while (w < imageW || h < imageH) {
    if (w < imageW) {
    /* Copy and draw the existing pattern to the right */
    p.drawImage(QRect(w, 0, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    /* Update width of our pattern */
    w *= 2;
    if (h < imageH) {
    /* Copy and draw the existing pattern to the bottom */
    p.drawImage(QRect(0, h, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    /* Update height of our pattern */
    h *= 2;

    This would be even faster if Qt were smarter about the overloads of QPainter::drawImage(). The real inline drawImage overload that does the heavy lifting takes a QRect. This forces the other overloads to create and destroy a QRect which is minimal overhead, but in a tight loop this cost starts starts to grow.

    Implementing this algorithm and seeing the improvement led icefox and me to investigate whether we could use the same idea to speedup the general case of QPainter::fillRect() with a solid brush. We didn't have much hope it could be sped up as this is a fundamental painting routine in Qt, but surprise this algorithm does give a nice speedup :)

    Algorithm Brush msecs
    fillRect solid brush took 508
    fractalFill solid brush took 293

    This is a large performance increase in a fundamental painting routine. This same idea could be used inside of QPainter::eraseRect(), QPainter::fillRect(), and hopefully a future QPainter::drawTiledImage(). Hopefully the Trolls can investigate and see if something like this should go into Qt 4.5.

    Here are the two methods side by side:

    QImage fillRectSolid()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);
    QPainter p(&image);
    p.fillRect(QRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT), Qt::red);
    return image;

    QImage fractalFillSolid()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);

    QPainter p(&image);
    p.fillRect(0, 0, 1, 1, Qt::red);

    const int imageW = image.width();
    const int imageH = image.height();
    int w = 1;
    int h = 1;
    while (w < imageW || h < imageH) {
    if (w < imageW) {
    p.drawImage(QRect(w, 0, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    w *= 2;
    if (h < imageH) {
    p.drawImage(QRect(0, h, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    h *= 2;
    return image;

    A few notes: this speedup only occurs with non-alpha channel QImage::Format's or at least pre-multiplied. With the inline overloads rearranged again it'd be even faster. I hope this is useful. Read on for the source to all of these tests...

    Here you go. Happy playing!


    #define WIDTH 10000
    #define HEIGHT 10000
    #define FORMAT QImage::Format_RGB16

    QImage naiveCheckered()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);
    QPainter p(&image);
    int w = image.width();
    int h = image.height();
    QBrush brush(Qt::gray);
    for (int j = 0; j < h; j+= 10)
    for (int i = (j % 20 == 0) ? 0 : 10; i < w;i += 20)
    p.fillRect(i, j, 10, 10, brush);

    return image;

    QImage eraseRectCheckered()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);

    QImage base(20, 20, QImage::Format_RGB16);
    QPainter p1(&base);
    p1.fillRect(0, 0, 10, 10, Qt::gray);
    p1.fillRect(10, 0, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(0, 10, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(10, 10, 10, 10, Qt::gray);

    QPainter p(&image);
    p.eraseRect(QRect(0, 0, image.width(), image.height()));

    return image;

    QImage fillRectCheckered()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);

    QImage base(20, 20, QImage::Format_RGB16);
    QPainter p1(&base);
    p1.fillRect(0, 0, 10, 10, Qt::gray);
    p1.fillRect(10, 0, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(0, 10, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(10, 10, 10, 10, Qt::gray);

    QPainter p(&image);
    p.fillRect(QRect(0, 0, image.width(), image.height()), QBrush(base));

    return image;

    QImage fractalFillCheckered()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);

    QImage base(20, 20, FORMAT);
    QPainter p1(&base);
    p1.fillRect(0, 0, 10, 10, Qt::gray);
    p1.fillRect(10, 0, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(0, 10, 10, 10, Qt::white);
    p1.fillRect(10, 10, 10, 10, Qt::gray);

    QPainter p(&image);
    p.drawImage(0, 0, base);

    const int imageW = image.width();
    const int imageH = image.height();
    int w = base.width();
    int h = base.height();
    while (w < imageW || h < imageH) {
    if (w < imageW) {
    p.drawImage(QRect(w, 0, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    w *= 2;
    if (h < imageH) {
    p.drawImage(QRect(0, h, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    h *= 2;
    return image;

    QImage fillRectSolid()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);
    QPainter p(&image);
    p.fillRect(QRect(0, 0, WIDTH, HEIGHT), Qt::red);
    return image;

    QImage fractalFillSolid()
    QImage image(WIDTH, HEIGHT, FORMAT);

    QPainter p(&image);
    p.fillRect(0, 0, 1, 1, Qt::red);

    const int imageW = image.width();
    const int imageH = image.height();
    int w = 1;
    int h = 1;
    while (w < imageW || h < imageH) {
    if (w < imageW) {
    p.drawImage(QRect(w, 0, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    w *= 2;
    if (h < imageH) {
    p.drawImage(QRect(0, h, w, h), image, QRect(0, 0, w, h));
    h *= 2;
    return image;

    void makeTab(QTabWidget *w, const QImage &image, const QString &text)
    QLabel *label = new QLabel;
    w->addTab(label, text);

    int main (int argc, char **argv)
    QApplication application (argc, argv);

    qDebug() << "starting tests...";

    QTime time;

    QImage naiveCheckImage = naiveCheckered();
    qDebug() << "naive \t\tcheckered brush took\t" << time.restart();

    QImage eraseRectCheckImage = eraseRectCheckered();
    qDebug() << "eraseRect \tcheckered brush took\t" << time.restart();

    QImage fillRectCheckImage = fillRectCheckered();
    qDebug() << "fillRect \tcheckered brush took\t" << time.restart();

    QImage fractalFillCheckImage = fractalFillCheckered();
    qDebug() << "fractalFill \tcheckered brush took\t" << time.restart();

    QImage fillRectSolidImage = fillRectSolid();
    qDebug() << "fillRect \tsolid brush took\t" << time.restart();

    QImage fractalFillSolidImage = fractalFillSolid();
    qDebug() << "fractalFill \tsolid brush took\t" << time.restart();

    #if 0
    QTabWidget w;

    makeTab(&w, naiveCheckImage, QLatin1String("naive checkered"));
    makeTab(&w, eraseRectCheckImage, QLatin1String("eraseRect checkered"));
    makeTab(&w, fillRectCheckImage, QLatin1String("fillRect checkered"));
    makeTab(&w, fractalFillCheckImage, QLatin1String("fractalFill checkered"));
    makeTab(&w, fillRectSolidImage, QLatin1String("fillRect solid"));
    makeTab(&w, fractalFillSolidImage, QLatin1String("fractalFill solid"));;
    return application.exec();
    return 0;

              Advancing math and science: Benoit Mandelbroit, fractals and identifying new patterns        
    An absolutely fascinating episode of NOVA on fractals! Along with my general interest in science and — more recently — math, material like this always makes me think of how we can apply lessons from others fields to journalism. For example, Nate Silver and his statistical models becoming more prominent this election cycle. Below are some quoted … Continue reading Advancing math and science: Benoit Mandelbroit, fractals and identifying new patterns
              Two New Fractal Design Define C Cases Now Sport Tempered Glass        
    Fractal Design has announced two new Define C series chassis, both with tempered glass side panels and sound dampening material. The Define Mini C TG is designed for smaller enthusiast builds based on mini-ITX or micro-ATX motherboards. The case has five expansion slots allowing for SLI and Crossfire configurations. For cooling there are five fan locations and […]
              Waiting for a miracle        
    Her şey yolunda aslında, ama bir şeyler eksik. Sonu gelmez bir anlam arayışındayım. Her şeyden birazım ama tam olarak bir şey değilim.

    "Sometimes a man gets carried away, When he feels like he should be having his fun" demiş Jeff Buckley. Evet, eğleniyorum. Demiştim her şey yolunda diye, ancak motivasyon eksikliği çekiyorum. Ne olmak istediğime karar vermem lazım. Hayata tutunmam, seçtiğim şeyi sıkıca kavramam lazım. Biri ya da bir şey, bana bu isteği vermeli artık.

    Belki bu şekilde devam edeceğim hayatıma, kim bilir? Emekli olana dek, aynı işi, aynı hedefsizlikle yapacağım. Poliklinikten hastaları görüp, herkesin yaptığı ameliyatları yapacağım. Hastanedeki yüzlerce beyaz önlükten biri olacağım sadece...

    Bugün traş olurken genç bir yüzüm olduğunu farkettim. İstersem bu bağsız, aidiyetsiz adam olmaya uzun bir süre daha devam edebileceğimi biliyorum. Yorumsuz bir hayat, rahmetlinin dediği gibi... Beni şimdi memnun etmeye yetiyor. Asıl soru, hayatımın sonuna dek yetecek mi?

    Ukalalık yaptığımı düşünme sevgili okur, ancak hayatın cömert davrandığı insanlardan biri olduğumu biliyorum. Ya da nasıl istiyorsan öyle anla, ancak bir insanın kendini bilmesi lazım. Aynaya baktığımda başarılmış bir şeyler görüyorum, bu güzel, ancak büyük resmi hala net olarak görememek, beni rahatsız eden. Bir sürü potansiyel var, evet, ancak hayatımın bu evresinde sadece neleri istemediğimi kararlaştırırken vakit kaybettiğimi düşünüyorum.

    Ä°stediklerimi elde edebileceğimi geçmişte öğrendim, ancak sıkıntı ne istediğimi bilmemekten kaynaklanıyor. Ne olmak istiyorum? Aile adamı mı, tutunamayan mı? Fark yaratmak için mi, yoksa sadece ayın onbeşi için  Ã§alışan biri? Ä°lgilendiği başka şeylere yönelen mi, yoksa bir kaç sene onları tamamen rafa kaldıracak olan mı?

    Ya da böyle kalıplara sokmadan, hayat ne önerdiyse onu yapmaya devam mı etmek gerekiyor sevgili okur? Eğer doğru cevap buysa, ya da cevaplar sonradan ortaya çıkacaksa, ki şu an tam olarak yaptığım şey bu, böyle yaşamaya devam edebilirim ama sanki biraz daha insiyatif almak gerekiyor hayatta. Ne dersin mucizeyi beklemeye devam edeyim mi?

              Plotting the Mandelbrot Set on the ZX Spectrum        
    ZX Spectrum MandelbrotZX Spectrum Mandelbrot

    The Mandelbrot set is a fractal which iterates the equation zn+1 = zn² + c in the complex plane and plots which points tend to infinity. Plotting the set with Sinclair BASIC takes over 24 hours so I was curious how much faster it would be in assembly.

    It turns out if we use fast 16-bit fixed-point arithmetic we can plot the Mandelbrot in about 5 minutes. To minimise multiplications each iteration is calculated as:

    rn+1 = ( rn + in ) × ( rn - in ) + x

    in+1 = 2 × in × rn + y

    The following test is used to detect points which tend to infinity:

    |in| + |rn| ≥ 2 × √ 2.
      org 60000
    ld de,255*256+191
    push de
    ld hl,-180 ; x-coordinate
    ld e,d
    call SCALE
    ld (XPOS),bc
    pop de
    push de
    ld hl,-96 ; y-coordinate
    call SCALE
    ld (YPOS),bc
    ld hl,0
    ld (IMAG),hl
    ld (REAL),hl
    ld b,15 ; iterations
    push bc
    ld bc,(IMAG)
    ld hl,(REAL)
    or a
    sbc hl,bc
    ld d,h
    ld e,l
    add hl,bc
    add hl,bc
    call FIXMUL
    ld de,(XPOS)
    add hl,de
    ld de,(REAL)
    ld (REAL),hl
    ld hl,(IMAG)
    call FIXMUL
    adc hl,hl
    ld de,(YPOS)
    add hl,de
    ld (IMAG),hl
    call ABSVAL
    ex de,hl
    ld hl,(REAL)
    call ABSVAL
    add hl,de
    ld a,h
    cp 46 ; 46 ≅ 2 × √ 2 << 4
    pop bc
    jr nc,ESCAPE
    djnz ITER
    pop de
    call PLOT
    db 254 ; trick to skip next instruction
    pop de
    dec e
    jr nz,YLOOP
    dec d
    jr nz,XLOOP

    FIXMUL: ; hl = hl × de >> 24
    call MULT16BY16
    ld a,b
    ld b,4
    adc hl,hl
    djnz FMSHIFT

    SCALE: ; bc = (hl + e) × zoom
    ld d,0
    add hl,de
    ld de,48 ; zoom

    MULT16BY16: ; hl:bc (signed 32 bit) = hl × de
    xor a
    call ABSVAL
    ex de,hl
    call ABSVAL
    push af
    ld c,h
    ld a,l
    call MULT8BY16
    ld b,a
    ld a,c
    ld c,h
    push bc
    ld c,l
    call MULT8BY16
    pop de
    add hl,de
    adc a,b
    ld b,l
    ld l,h
    ld h,a
    pop af
    ret nc
    ex de,hl
    xor a
    ld h,a
    ld l,a
    sbc hl,bc
    ld b,h
    ld c,l
    ld h,a
    ld l,a
    sbc hl,de

    MULT8BY16: ; returns a:hl (24 bit) = a × de
    ld hl,0
    ld b,8
    add hl,hl
    jr nc,M816SKIP
    add hl,de
    adc a,0
    djnz M816LOOP

    PLOT: ; plot d = x-axis, e = y-axis
    ld a,7
    and d
    ld b,a
    inc b
    ld a,e
    or a
    ld l,a
    xor e
    and 248
    xor e
    ld h,a
    ld a,d
    xor l
    and 7
    xor d
    ld l,a
    ld a,1
    djnz PLOTBIT
    or (hl)
    ld (hl),a

    ABSVAL: ; returns hl = |hl| and increments
    bit 7,h ; a if the sign bit changed
    ret z
    ld b,h
    ld c,l
    ld hl,0
    or a
    sbc hl,bc
    inc a

    XPOS:dw 0
    YPOS:dw 0
    REAL:dw 0
    IMAG:dw 0

              ZX Spectrum Koch (Lévy C) Curve        
    ZX Spectrum Koch (Lévy C) Curve

    A few years ago I submitted a couple of type-in programs (C-Curve and Curtains) to Your Sinclair and they featured in the penultimate issue (August 1993).

    Encouraged by a shiny new YS badge I sent off a new batch of programs. Unfortunately it was too late. The September issue would be Your Sinclair's "Big Final Issue".

    C-Curve is one of the simplest fractal curves. It starts with a straight line. To find the next iteration, each line is replaced by two lines at 90°:

    C Curve fractal

    Here's a later 69 byte version of the program which plots the fractal in approximately 1.52 seconds! Assemble with Pasmo (pasmo ccurve.asm ccurve.bin), load the binary to address 65467 in your favourite emulator and run using RANDOMIZE USR 65467 :-)

      org 65467
    ld de,49023 ; d = position on x axis
    ; e = position on y axis
    ld bc,3840 ; b = number of iterations
    ; c = initial direction
    djnz DOWN

    ld a,6 ; check direction
    and c ; c=0, left
    rrca ; c=2, up
    rrca ; c=4, right
    add a,a ; c=6, down
    dec a
    jr nc,XMOVE

    add a,e ; adjust y position +/-1

    ld e,a ; calculate high byte of screen pos
    xor e
    and 88
    xor e
    and 95
    ld h,a
    sub h

    add a,d ; adjust x position +/-1

    ld d,a ; calculate low byte of screen pos
    xor e
    and 199
    xor e
    ld l,a

    ld a,7 ; calculate bit position of pixel
    and d
    ld b,a
    inc b
    ld a,1
    djnz SHIFTBIT

    xor (hl) ; plot
    ld (hl),a

    inc c ; turn 45° clockwise
    call RECURSE
    inc b
    dec c ; turn 90° anti-clockwise
    dec c
    call RECURSE
    inc b
    inc c ; turn 45° clockwise

    Finally here's a short type-in program to poke the code into a real Spectrum!

              Fractal Wallpaper        
    Fractal Wallpaper Enjoy Fractal Wallpaper for your Computer Desktop. Download your favorite high resolution Wallpaper for your Mobile and Tablet Wallpaper or use with your Computer Desktop.
              Maths is the Science of Pattern        
    From the earliest experiences we have with maths the role of pattern plays a key role in how we learn and remember maths facts, concepts and relationships. The pattern of the number names as well as the numerals must be learned so that we can label and communicate our mathematical ideas in the same way that letter recognition and pronunciation is a prerequisite for literacy.

    Even the idea of rational counting is a pattern where one more is added to get the next number or quantity. This can be extended to tens, hundreds, thousands and so on just by changing the referent being counted.

    Counting by 2s and 5s is another  pattern that helps us learn and remember numerical relationships. Try counting by 5s starting at 3, instead of 0, and see what happens. The further you go the easier it gets because you very quickly see the pattern of 3s and 8s. The same can be done with fractions although it is clearly more difficult. Visualize half of a half of something. You should be seeing a quarter. Procedurally you have double the denominator to make one half into one quarter. So what is half of a third? A sixth? You double the 3 to get 6. Now you can find a half of any fraction without having to do the desperately miserable fraction multiplication algorithm. Try one third of a quarter. A twelfth, right?  You multiplied the denominator by 3. Now you can find a third of any fraction, even a third of three quarters; three twelfths. But that one is easier to do by dividing the numerator, 3, by 3 to get 1. A third of three quarters is one quarter. A third of 3 horses is 1 horse.

    All of which brings us to the picture of the Sierpinski triangle fractal. Fractals are wonderful examples of patterns in maths. This triangle will go on for ever like all fractals. Look at the three pennies at the top. This group of three pennies is repeated over and over again to make bigger triangles. Here's a link to the wonderful Fractal Foundation site where pattern reigns supreme.       

              Maths Gets a Bad Rap        
    I've spent my entire professional career trying to bring math to life for my students; to make it meaningful, personally significant, interesting and even inspiring. I like to think that those students and teachers I have worked with have seen the light to some extent or another and have gone on to share with others the wonderful sense of accomplishment one gets from understanding and remembering anything mathematical.

    Sadly, it's been an uphill battle primarily because of how our culture in general sees maths. I am an avid crossword puzzler and have lost count of the number of clues than denigrate maths. Clues like "division word" (into) are fairly harmless but then there are some that are completely wrong like the clue "Number indivisible by two". The answer is "odd" but it is so mathematically incorrect as to create the false impression that you cannot divide any odd number by 2. To make it accurate it should be "Number indivisible by two giving a whole number" or something similar. Every number is divisible by 2.

    But probably more troubling is the clue in a crossword puzzle I completed a few days ago: "Member of  the math club probably". The troubling answer was "nerd" which is indicative of how people in general  tend to see people who are interested in math.THIS IS SO COUNTERPRODUCTIVE.
    As long as we hold on to this view of math as being calculations, arithmetic and tedium nothing is ever going to change. Only when people start to embrace the beauty of fractal relationships, number patterns such as Fibonacci and Lucas numbers as well as the joys of geometric thinking will there be any change in the way we approach maths. I fear this will not happen in my lifetime, if ever,

    I've been at meetings where. when the topic of math was raised, there was, sadly, an audible groan.

              Comment on Space Filling Curves by John Romig        
    Hi Don, love the work you have done. I have been having fun with the ladders & helipads shockwave plug-in. Is something like this available in processing? I am an Mech. engineer and am much better at the math than the actual programming! I started getting into generative art after I got my hands on a fractal program called Fragmentarium. I wanted to look at your "bombshell" project but keep getting an error code. Also, just a fyi, I downloaded the hair particle program but it doesn't seem to work properly (using Windows 7). Switched over to the online version but you can't copy/paste the URL into the shockwave area. I will definitely keep checking up on your blog&website and look forward to your future work! Thanks.
              Shoga on Is Molecular Nanotechnology "Scientific"?        



    ...STRAWBOSS: No one has ever proposed picking up individual atoms, and what can be done in nature to transfer groups of atoms from one molecule to another.

    Fact: As written in my 1999 - 2000 emails and as written in my proposed event....... planned for 3-21-2006, at the 'African-American Research Library and Cultural Center', my research and development of my interface formula and 'Astral (Fractal) Analog Attractors Subatomic Reactors', is specific in it's expression of enabling "analog attractors" which are used to attract or pick up individual atoms (and act on) "subatomic reactors". This can only be encountered and performed by my interface formula "Energy =Motive x Force".

    The 2006 event proposal stated quote, This study will be an advanced understanding of new scientific discoveries such as fractal geometry, attractors, and quantum physics, as visitors seek the connection between these new scientific discoveries and Ancient Egypt's Sacred Geometry. unquote. As myself being the presenter and instructor of this workshop, it is would be reasonable to think I should know more than what can be understood all at once. However I never proposed anything to anyone in any commercial industry nor the commercial industry itself. 2006 Proposal!17!C8!0357B8537E1D/ITRC3/AARLCCITRC/

    STRAWBOSS: original strawman drafted 3rd and 4th generation technology, Apps, Ipods, and all other new revolutionary forms of electronics that resulted in new interfaced operating systems since discovering the nano interface enabling nanotechnology since 2005.

    Fact: When my copyrighted "analog attractors subatomic reactors" are added to my interface-formula "-/+Energy =Motive x Force" and both are interfaced and iterated it creates a new generation of technology. From my stolen and black marketed research is where all these ideas come from.

    STRAWBOSS: No one has ever proposed a macro to nano interface. Nanotechnology is a strawman.

    Fact: The formula that enables the interface that enables the nano interface that enables nanotechnology is my 1999 - 2000 copyrighted "-/+Energy =Motive x Force". Every aspect of the new revolutionary discoveries in the behavioral characteristics of the nano scale since 2005 are included in my copyright.

    Message from the StrawMan

    Before 2005 no new nanotechnology product ever existed or was ever heard of. And as you know that since 2000 I have had emails that proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that I am the sole owner, author & designer of the formula enables the interface that enables the nano interface that enables nanotechnology & my research & development of astral fractal analog attractors subatomic reactors that enables 3G, 4G, Wii, Apps. etc.

    So-called nanotechnology actually takes my formula out of context since my technology is not limited to just the nano scale.

    However, as explained in my 2000 copyright & recently discovered since 2005, on the nano scale "force" is equal to "distance & time" instead of "acceleration" as shown in the video below.

    If left to a free world market my formula will destroy all mankind.

    My formula & research belongs to the Kings ministry & since 1997 has remained under the guidance of the governance of the Parliament of World Religions: Declaration Towards A Global Ethic as signed by my uncle H.H. King Oseijeman Adefunmi I.

    In 2005 while planning my event at the 'African-American Research Library&Cultural Center' with Alicia Keys as the host, to promote my research, my i-formula was discovered & "hijacked" & black marketed by "Star", Troi Torain, host of 'Clear Channel Communications' 103.5 The Beat, 'Star&Bucwild Show' radio spy show scandal. This quickly became a conspiracy to black mail and frame me to steal my interface-formula.

    The event included children workshop that explains my research & development of my formula for 'astral fractal analog attractors' & to inspire it's progress on the nano scale.!17!C8!0357B8537E1D/ITRC3/AARLCCITRC/

    Unlike E=MC, my interface formula is the first formula that doesn't break down on the quantum level. My interface is the "Unified Field Theory" UFT Einstein looked for but never found.

    in 2006 Jay-Z suddenly became a humanitarian & went on a MTV Documentary as the leader of a United Nations campaign to use new nanotechnology products to bring clean drinking water pumps to poor people in Africa.

    This was in response to us & my formula. In response to the c.d. 'Diary of Alicia Keys'&'Tears For Water', Jay-Z titles his MTV United Nations Campaign 'Diary of Jay-Z, Water For Life'.

    Diary of Alicia Keys, Tears For Water

    Diary of Jay-Z, Water For Life

    UN Watch Dog Report On Jay-Z Water For Life Campaign questions his motives & why he's suddenly posing himself as a humanitarian in what seems to be a scam,black mail,& corporate world corruption.

    In the clip below the ABC News Nightline reporter expresses doubt in Jay-Z's sudden amazing rise from Jay-Z To Mr. UN advisor on water. Jay-Z claims he chose water basically for the hell of it, but failed to explain anything else.

    5-3-06 Shawn Carter BKA Jay-Z, black markets my research by introducing himself to Bill Gates. Even the blog writer senses something odd.

    5- 06 My mother tried to give me a letter she reiceved. It was a "thank you letter" that said 'thank you for being a great benefit & service to your community' I had not done anything to receive such a letter. The event I had planned never got off the ground. I've been harassed by the world ever since.

    5-12-06 Star is arrested in NY for offering his radio audience $500 to stalk & scandalize 4yr old daughter of a rival DJ & endangering her life. This also happened to me.

    6-8-06: Jay-Z's introduced to HP & land an HP commercial

    11-16-06: Jay-Z's introduced to Dr.Peter Gleick,Co-Founder of Pacific Institute&worlds water editor.

    Jay-Z Underworld alibis ain't matchin up BS catchin up

              Shoga on Is Molecular Nanotechnology "Scientific"?        

    In any community it isn't very intelligent to assume anything about anyone, especially to assume the worst of a person without being able to make an informed decision. I'm sorry you don't know nor understand. My teacher is my uncle. For you information America's public school system challenged the royal academy and lost. They didn't stand a chance, but of course that's neither here nor there, but that's just proving to you the reality of what you assumed is wrong. Like we all know to assume without proof it ignorant. Not even Professors have been able to dispute my research, even Professor Eglash, before he became a Professor I consulted him about my research and he could not deny it. When I say your science is primitive, I am not speaking from a prospective from African philosophy or aesthetics (as some fractal worshipers do). Please don't confuse me with cowrie shells and running around the jungle with a bone in my nose, you may find that I am far more intelligent than anyone you know and that my claim is everything but rhetoric. I am not a Nigerian trying to swindle anyone out of there money. I am an astral physicist. It would be sad of you to assume anything about me without asking. If you think that my education is not up to par then that would be a prejudgment or prejudice based on your assumptions and that would not be a nice nor intelligent thing to do. If you have a question or would like me to in some way prove something, I will be happy to, but if this is a scientific community then you must know that science doesn't communicate in only one language so please don't insult me nor my highly respected family. Your community doesn't know anything about us but it should because it will. If you lose me you lose a good thing.

              Download Adobe After Effects CC 2017 Full Key, Phần mềm xá»­ lý kỹ xảo hình ảnh và Video.        

    Adobe After Effects là một phần mềm ứng dụng kỹ thuật số xử lý hiệu ứng hình ảnh, đồ họa chuyển động và compositing được Adobe Systems phát triển và được sử dụng trong hậu kỳ sản xuất của quá trình làm phim và sản xuất truyền hình. After Effects có thể được sử dụng cho keying, theo dõi, compositing và hình ảnh động. Nó cũng có chức năng như một phần mềm biên tập rất cơ bản phi tuyến tính, biên tập âm thanh và chuyển mã phương tiện truyền thông.

    After Effects hỗ trợ nhiều plug-in ; Một loạt các plug-in của bên thứ ba có sẵn. Nhiều kiểu plug-in tồn tại, chẳng hạn như các hệ thống hạt cho hiệu ứng thực tế cho mưa, tuyết, lửa, v.v.

    Có hoặc không có trình cắm thêm của bên thứ ba, After Effects có thể hiển thị các hiệu ứng 3D. Một số plug-in 3D sử dụng các lớp 2D cơ bản từ After Effects.

    Ngoài các hiệu ứng 3D, có các trình cắm thêm cho việc xem video giống như phim hoặc phim hoạt hình; Mô phỏng lửa, khói, hoặc nước; Hệ thống hạt; Chậm chuyển động; Tạo biểu đồ hoạt hình, đồ thị, và các hình dung dữ liệu khác; Tính toán chuyển động 3D của một máy ảnh trong một đoạn video 2D; Loại bỏ tiếng ồn, tiếng ồn, hoặc dây chuyền; Dịch thời gian từ FCP hoặc Avid; Thêm hiệu chỉnh màu cao cấp; Và cải tiến quy trình làm việc khác và các hiệu ứng trực quan, ví dụ: Element 3D, ngọn lửa quang học, co giật, nhà soạn phim hoạt hình đặc biệt, Newton, splitter, Máy theo dõi máy đúc, v.v...
    Các tính năng hàng đầu mới :
    - Các công cụ kiến trúc và hiệu ứng động đột phá: Tạo các sản phẩm truyền thông ấn tượng nhờ kết hợp ảnh động, ảnh tĩnh và đồ họa, văn bản, và âm thanh trong không gian 2D hoặc 3D và sau đó tạo hiệu ứng động cho mỗi yếu tố.
    - Khả năng tích hợp không gì sánh bằng: Tận hưởng khả năng xử lí nhanh chóng với sự hỗ trợ ảnh Adobe Photoshop bao gồm các layer cũng như đồ họa trong Adobe Illustrator để duy trì ảnh nguyên vẹn. Dễ dàng di chuyển giữa After Effects và Adobe Premiere ProCC 2017, và chia sẻ các hình ảnh động dễ dàng với phần mềm Adobe Flash CC 2017
    - Tạo văn bản và đồ họa vector: Tạo văn bản và đồ họa vector trong After Effects nhờ sử dụng các công cụ quen thuộc của Adobe, sau đó sinh động hóa các yếu tố này để tạo những hiệu ứng đồ họa động mới.
    - Số lượng hiệu ứng hình ảnh lớn: Tinh chỉnh các bức ảnh động và tĩnh nhờ sủ dụng hàng trăm hiệu ứng như stylize, distort, và shatter. Tạo lưới, sóng radio, phần tử 3D, thước phim, fractal noise.
    - Các công cụ tiết kiệm thời gian: Khởi tạo dự án nhanh chóng với những bộ thông số và hành động định sẵn khi tạo các yếu tố động thông thường, như nhập và xuất văn bản động, tạo hình nền, và hơn thế nữa. Sử dụng tính năng Brainstorm mới để nhanh chóng thử nghiệm và tinh chỉnh bản thiết kế sử dụng các thông số định sẵn. Học hỏi nhanh chóng với Tool Tips và các tài nguyên luyện tập có trong chương trình và trên web, tối ưu quá trình xem lại với Adobe Clip Notes để tạo và nhập lời bình.
    - Các công cụ khóa và mặt nạ toàn diện: Điều khiển phần nào của một layer có thể nhìn thất nhờ nhập, tinh chỉnh mặt nạ. Các tùy chọn tự động theo dõi linh hoạt và mặt nạ RotoBezier giúp dễ dàng có được kết quả chính xác.
    - Khả năng điều khiển chuyển động mạnh mẽ: Tạo đồ họa và văn bản động nhờ sử dụng công cụ Puppet . Áp dụng làm mờ chuyển động để tạo nên những hình ảnh động thật hơn, hay sử dụng Timewarp để làm chậm hoặc tăng tốc hình ảnh. Đồng bộ chính xác chuyển động của nguồn hình ảnh sử dụng Motion Tracker, và xem một cảnh đứng yên sử dụng Motion Stabilizer.
    - Hiệu năng cải thiện: Nâng cao sức mạnh xử lí của máy tính với khả năng tăng tốc đa nhân và đồ họa cùng tính năng bộ đệm ổ đĩa vì thế bạn không phải chờ đợi lâu và có nhiều thời gian sáng tạo hơn. Phân bổ phần dựng hình qua cả hệ thống mạng để tối ưu hiệu năng suất.
    - Thành quả chuyên nghiệp cho mọi loại phương tiện: Khả năng tương thích với nhiều định dạng xuất cho phép bạn sản xuất nội dung động cho bất kì phương tiện nào, từ web và thiết bị di động tới phim và truyền hình. Thêm vào đó, After Effects CC 2017 Professional giới thiệu các công cụ quản lí màu giúp quá trình chuẩn màu dễ dự đoán hơn và bảo toàn độ trung thực màu sắc.
    - Màu sắc trung thực: Sử dụng các công cụ quản lí màu chuẩn với sự tối ưu cho phim và xử lí video.
    Nếu bạn thấy bài viết có ích hãy Click LIKE ủng hộ Fanpage của chúng tôi như 1 lời động viên và chúng tôi thêm động lực Share thêm nhiều hơn nữa:

    Link 4Share.Vn:
    Video học tại đây : - Dịch vụ bán key bản quyền Windows Xp-Windows 7-Windows 8.1 -Windows 10,Office 2010 Standard và Pro Plus,Office 2013 Pro Plus,Office 2016 Pro Plus cho cả 32 Bit và 64 Bit giá rẻ.Bản quyền Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard - Enterprisse - Web Edition - Datacenter bảo hành VÄ©nh Viễn. Windows Server 2012 và R2 các bản Standard - Datacenter. Các ứng dụng máy chủ nhÆ° SQL Server,SharePoint Server,Kaspersky Server,Exchange Server 2010 - 2013 và 2016.
    Bản quyền diệt Virus Kaspersky - Bitdefender - Avast Internet - Trendmicro..............................................

    Mr.Long - Hỗ trợ kỹ thuật,mua bán.
    Phone: 0934.363.833 ( Viber,Zalo ) - Ưu tiên hỗ trợ qua số điện thoại trực tiếp để tránh mất thời gian tới 2 bên.
    Facebook :


    Hướng dẫn mua License các bạn cũng có thể tham khảo tại

    CHÚNG TÔI chào mừng người có THIỆN CHÍ - CÓ VĂN HÓA.
    (Vui lòng không nhắn tin .Và Call nếu bạn không liên hệ qua Yahoo được.).Vui lòng Click vào đây trước khi bạn có ý muốn giao dịch vớiân mến!

    Chú ý: Chỉ trừ 1 số tài liệu đặc biệt và quý chúng tôi thu phí để duy trì Website ( Trả phí Account lưu trữ,VPS....) .Còn lại 99% CHÚNG TÔI CHIA SẺ MIỄN PHÍ.Các bạn nên trân trọng điều đó để đảm bảo tính chia sẻ dài lâu.

              Aleksandrowicz, S.; Wawrzaszek, A.; Drzewiecki, W.; Krupiński, M., Change Detection Using Global and Local Multifractal Description, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, Volume: 13, Issue: 8, Aug. 2016        

    In this letter, we apply the multifractal formalism to land cover change detection on very high spatial resolution data. Specifically, multifractal spectra are determined and, with modifications, are used as an initial general indicator of change on the subsets of IKONOS and Pleiades images. Next, we calculate Hölder exponents for each pixel in the images […]

    Post Aleksandrowicz, S.; Wawrzaszek, A.; Drzewiecki, W.; Krupiński, M., Change Detection Using Global and Local Multifractal Description, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, Volume: 13, Issue: 8, Aug. 2016 pojawił się poraz pierwszy w Zespół Obserwacji Ziemi.

              Forex Trading Strategy Simple Daily fractals system        
    Forex Strategy Gallery . Here you will find all you need to Trade Forex ! Enjoy.
              Sensory Activities for Kids and Weekly Link Party        
    It's link party time and this week's features are sensory activities that are perfect to try with your kids this summer. I know I'm all over the place with my features from week to week. One week might be recipes or DIY projects and the next week is something fun for the kids. This week's features happen to hold a huge personal interest for me, though. You youngest son has been diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder along with developmental delays in multiple areas. It's for that very reason that I'm always on the hunt for excellent sensory activities--not just for him but for all three of my kids!

    My little guy has certainly presented us with some challenges through the years, but the blessings far outweigh any of the obstacles that we have faced or will continue to surmount. Perhaps I'll sit down one day and tell you all about it. For now, I'm sharing a fun sensory topic--sensory play! You can't go wrong with implementing sensory play into your child's routine! Below you'll find a list of simple sensory play ideas to try with your child. Not only are they fun, but they promote development and learning.

    Although not all kids have Sensory Processing Disorder, ALL kids do have sensory needs. Let that sink in for a minute... They all have the need to explore textures, sounds, sights, and more! And kids learn best through play. Sensory exploration and play help with many facets of a child's development. Whether your own child has sensory processing issues or not, the activities shared below can help support the development of their sensory systems. And they are all activities that can easily be implemented in their playtime routines this summer!
    1. Mini Aquarium in a Bottle / A Little Pinch of Perfect
    Sensory bottles are a no-mess activity and can appeal to a variety of senses. And this mini aquarium is such a fun and creative idea for a sensory bottle!

    2. Sandbox with Lid / The Country Chic Cottage
    Summertime is the perfect time for loads of outdoor play. Here's a fun way to get the kids outside playing. Not only is it an excellent tactile activity, but it's also budget-friendly!

    3. Interactive Rainforest Box / The Life of Jennifer Dawn
    Here's an activity your kids will come back to time and time again. It's as fun to play with as it is to create!

    4. Frozen Fractals Art Activity / A Little Pinch of Perfect
    Here's a sensory and art activity all rolled into one. And the ice makes it an ideal outdoor activity for a hot summer day!

    5. Ice Cub Tray Crayons / The Chaos and the Clutter
    Colors, sorting, fine motor skills, creativity...this activity covers a variety of areas. Coloring is a great visual activity, but making your own crayons takes it to a whole new level. These chunky crayons are perfect for little hands that are still working on their fine motor skills.

    Oh, and don't forget about sensory dough! You might also enjoy...

    Read more »
              Hacia una hijeidad* consciente        
    "Mar", fotografía de Lídia Estany Estany

    “¿Es necesario tener un padre y una madre?” 

    A nuestros ancestros se les pondrían los pelos de punta al ver que generaciones y generaciones posteriores, en ese futuro tan prometedor, sus descendientes cuestionarían temas tan obvios como la importancia de tener un padre y una madre.
    ¿Cómo se puede dudar de algo tan evidente?
    ¿Es que no somos conscientes de nuestra hijeidad?

    ¿Es que no conocemos nuestra biografía desde la concepción? ¿Qué necesidades tuvimos en nuestra vida prenatal tanto respecto a nuestra madre, hacia nuestro padre, y hacia la sociedad? ¿Qué sentimientos congelamos, qué palabras hubiéramos querido poder expresar? ¿Es que no nos hemos planteado qué hemos aprendido de nuestro padre? ¿No sabemos qué hemos recibido de la parte paterna de nuestro árbol genealógico? ¿Qué hemos aprendido de nuestra madre? ¿Qué hemos recibido de la parte materna de nuestro árbol genealógico?
    Y en la parte paterna también hay mujeres.
    Y en la parte materna también hay hombres.
    La unión de un hombre y una mujer es condición necesaria para la llegada de un hijo. No sólo porque representa un fractal mayor coherente con la unión física del espermatozoide y el óvulo, sino porque también está en armonía con la unión energética del óvulo y el espermatozoide.

    Cada persona tiene que ver con su padre y con su madre, a partes iguales;
    la famosa “igualdad” tan reivindicada hoy día pero únicamente cuando interesa, y cuando no, pues des-igualdad, des-equilibrio, des-orden. Una mujer no puede tener hijos sola, o un hombre no puede tener hijos solo, o dos hombres juntos, o dos mujeres juntas... ¿un óvulo solo ante el milagro de la vida?, ¿un espermatozoide solo en el don de procrear?, ¿2 espermatozoides uniéndose?, ¿2 óvulos fusionándose para recibir un nuevo ser?. Eso no es posible, porque la unión de un óvulo y un espermatozoide tiene un Sentido y una Razón de Ser. Porque esa nueva criatura tiene como condición necesaria para su constitución la unión de lo masculino y de lo femenino, como eje principal de su propósito de vida.

    La hijeidad consciente, la cualidad, el estado, el arte de ser hijo, concepto que hace unos años fui captando desde lo abstracto, lo inconcreto, lo difuso, sin un nombre claro, después decidí la palabra (con “e” en vez de “hijaidad” u “hijoidad” para incluir a los dos sexos y ubicar el concepto en un nivel mayor), y luego me fui atreviendo poco a poco a compartirlo con algunas personas cercanas. Al ver que esa idea era bien recibida, lo hice público tímidamente al presentar mi proyecto de talleres sobre Consciencia Prenatal y Perinatal, ante la falta generalizada de consideración al punto de vista del hijo, ante la ignorancia mayoritaria en comprender que el ser humano es consciente desde su concepción y que necesita por tanto un cuidado integral. Ahí hay una persona que se tiene que respetar desde el principio. Se es padre o madre porque hay un hijo o una hija. Y primero venimos al mundo siendo hijos o hijas, una hijeidad que durará toda la vida, por muchas otras nuevas condiciones que vayamos añadiendo, padre, madre, abuelo, abuela...

    La hijeidad está vinculada con ser humano porque se es humano siendo hijo. ¿Pero, qué es eso de ser hijo? ¿Qué es ser humano, ser único y a la vez estar vinculado física-emocional-psíquica y espiritualmente con los progenitores y éstos a su vez con sus propios progenitores, y ellos a los suyos y así, ¿hasta dónde??

    Los vínculos de filiación son inquebrancables. Perduran en cada persona toda su vida. Sean positivos o negativos, saludables o traumáticos,... y se traspasan de generación en generación, aprendizajes heredados, retos, obstáculos, pruebas más allá del tiempo, logros, dones, propósitos de una Gran Alma Familiar para evolucionar, crecer, vivir con más libertad. Yo he revivido en sueños sucesos traumáticos de mis antepasados que se habían olvidado o se ignoraban en generaciones posteriores y un nuevo miembro, en este caso yo, recuperaba la memoria colectiva a través de la conexión onírica. Tiempo después recibí el regalo de poder verificar que esos sucesos fueron ciertos y que no eran vidas pasadas “mías” ni simbolismos típicos en el análisis de sueños convencional, como supuse al principio, sino vidas pasadas, sí,... pero ¡de otros!. Hay un vínculo mucho más profundo con los progenitores y con los antepasados como para simplemente llamarlo “genética”. Hay algo vivo... que permanece... que anhela sanación...y que nos da Fuerza...

    Ahora más que nunca se hace necesario recuperar esa hijeidadperdida, olvidada. Para comprender las necesidades básicas de uno mismo, y de todo ser humano y para preservarla consciente en la futuras generaciones. La familia raíz, padre, madre e hijo no es algo cultural, o dependiente de las modas, es una realidad biológica que nos constituye queramos o no, la honremos o no y que nos acompaña de por vida, aun con los padres ya fallecidos... El hijo es la memoria viviente de la Vida de los dos progenitores.

    La unión de un óvulo y un espermatozoide no sólo es un tema horizontal... también es una conexión vertical. Y es que Dios... (el Todo... lo abarcante de todo... la esencia profunda de las distintas religiones,...) está por todas partes.... hasta en el Sexo entre un óvulo y un espermatozoide, hasta en el Sexo entre un hombre y una mujer. Pero como es invisible.... ¿quién se da cuenta?

    El camino de recuperar la hijeidad no sólo trata de reflexionar sobre el padre y la madre propios... y como consecuencia también sobre sus propios progenitores...Va de autosanación radical, de acceder a raíces más y más hondas del pasado en esta vida que afectan el presente, de sentir cómo nacimos, de sentir cómo nos gestamos, de sentir cómo fue nuestra concepción... Eso no sólo es autoconocimiento, una de las consecuencias es que se conoce al otro, a ese padre y a esa madre... cómo se sentían, qué les ocurría... La autosanación refuerza el vínculo afectivo con los progenitores y, entonces, uno se da cuenta, desde dentro, de lo importantes que son un padre y una madre.

    Podemos violentar la fecundación humana y las primeras 2 semanas de vida con las llamadas Técnicas de Reproducción Asistida, pero con ellas no vienen al mundo personas “artificiales”, sino personas abrumadoramente sensibles por haber sido extremadamente agredidas en lo más profundo, durante su viaje inicial. ¿Vamos a tener que esperar que más y más personas intervenidas por estas técnicas acudan algún día con imperiosa necesidad a una terapia profunda, igual que ha sucedido por ejemplo con los nacimientos violentos, para darnos cuenta de que no estamos cuidando ni preservando la salud en la primera etapa de la vida?

    Porque ser persona, lo humano, tiene que ver con la unión de un espermatozoide y de un óvulo, la unión de un hombre y una mujer... por mediación de Dios. El camino de recuperar la hijeidadtambién trata sobre la cuestión espiritual, porque sin Dios, no hay Vida. Dios es la evidencia pasmosa que ha pasado por alto la ciencia. Dios es la sustancia que nos anima. Quien da el Sí a una nueva vida.

    La unión holística hombre-mujer no es algo pasado de moda, es el presente, pasado y futuro de la humanidad, porque sin ella, no hay hijos. Y agrediéndola, no hay hijos sanos. ¿Tiene mucho que ver el declive de nuestra civilización con estar también desgajando esta sagrada unión?

    La mágica atracción entre el pronúcleo masculino y el pronúcleo femenino sucede en un fractal más pequeño de la realidad externa del espermatozoide y del óvulo... como si existiera en otra dimensión... alejada del mundanal ruido... en la intimidad... en la protección de lo inmanipulable, inviolable... lo masculino y lo femenino fusionándose por mediación de Dios...

    Solos tu, yo... y el Todo... 

    Toda persona comienza con la unión de los pronúcleos, y éstos dibujan una Vesica Piscis, símbolo por excelencia en geometría sagrada, símbolo común en muchas culturas y religiones, y la geometría de la luz. ¿Tiene en este sentido algo que ver el símbolo del pez con la concepción humana?

    Quizá nuestra parte espiritual sea más evidente de lo que pensamos... Quizá ser hijo no sólo tenga que ver con tener un padre y una madre... Quizá ser hijo tenga también que ver, y sobre todo, con ser Hijo de Dios.

    Lídia Estany Estany 
    Autora del blog La Vida Intrauterina 

    (*) hijeidad: palabra inventada para nombrar la cualidad de ser hijo, el aspecto integral del hecho de vivir en este mundo siendo hijos.
    Collage inspirador Vesica Piscis-Concepción,

    También te puede interesar:
    *La Danza Celular del Amor. Taller de PreConcepción
    *Y la Vida se enciende. Taller de Concepción Humana

    *Una Nueva Concepción
    *La Consciencia Prenatal y Perinatal: pieza clave para comprender la dinámica de la Realidad
    *Espirales de Vida
    *Vida Una*Ciclo de Charlas y Talleres sobre Consciencia Prenatal y Perinatal

              Curso: Nuestro Origen. Nuestra Vida ¿Cómo nos influye el modo en que fuimos concebidos, gestados, paridos y criados?        

    Es un placer presentaros el curso que realizamos conjuntamente María Jesús Blázquez y yo misma en la Asociación Plural-21 de Barcelona el próximo fin de semana 30 de abril y 1 de mayo. Con mucha creatividad y de manera hermosísima ve la luz esta propuesta a cuatro manos, a dos corazones, a un solo compás... Esperamos que lo disfrutéis:

    Nuestro Origen. Nuestra Vida
    ¿Cómo nos influye el modo en que fuimos concebidos, gestados, paridos y criados?

    Un curso para mostrar desde la perspectiva de la Ciencia, la Consciencia y
    la Experiencia, la importancia que tiene el comienzo de la vida del ser humano
    y su repercusión en etapas posteriores y en toda la sociedad.

    Dirigido a:
    ….a toda persona en cualquier momento de su vida interesada en
    profundizar en la comprensión del ser humano.

    Curso organizado en 3 módulos de 4 horas cada uno*:
    1.- La ecología al comienzo de nuestra vida
    2.- La consciencia humana antes de nacer
    3.- Círculo abierto para compatir 

    El sábado 30 de abril y el domingo 1 de mayo de 2016 

    Sábado, módulos 1 y 2, de 10:00 a 14:00 y de 16:00 a 20:00 horas.
    Domingo, módulo 3
    , de 10:00 a 14:00 horas.

    En la Asociación Plural-21 de Barcelona 

    Más información e inscripciones:

    Facilitado por:
    María Jesús Blázquez García y Lídia Estany Estany

    María Jesús Blázquez García
    Bióloga. Catedrática de Instituto. Postgrado en Medicina Naturista. Cofundadora de Vía Láctea. Miembro del
    Colectivo Otra Biología. Autora de Bebés y cachorros. Los humanos también somos mamíferos y La Ecología al comienzo de nuestra vida

    Lídia Estany Estany
    Comunicóloga Prenatal y Perinatal. Lic
    enciada en Comunicación Audiovisual, especializada de forma autodidacta en la comunicación humana antes de nacer. Investigadora independiente y autora, desde mayo del 2011, del blog divulgativo La Vida Intrauterina.


    Módulo 1:

    Mañana del sábado. María Jesús Blázquez


    -La matriz viviente. La célula no es una bolsa.
    -Células secretoras de la leche. Memoria celular.
    -El microbioma humano. Somos virus y bacterias.
    -El ADN. No estamos determinados por los genes. La Epigenética.
    -ADN no codificante. La hélice del ADN y la del corazón.
    -Importancia del hábitat para la vida.
    -¿Cómo preparar el hábitat? El ayuno preconcepcional


    -“Por tu Bien” Iciar Bollaín
    -“Partos orgásmicos” Debra Pascali-Bonaro
    -Características del tejido muscular uterino.
    -Recuperación del útero..
    -Representaciones simbólicas del útero y la sexualidad femenina.
    -La fertilidad. El mucus cervical, fluido facilitador de la vida.

    3.- EL PARTO
    -Condiciones ambientales favorecen el parto fisiológico.
    -Diferencia entre dolor y sufrimiento.
    -¿Partos orgásmicos? El secreto mejor guardado.
    -Alternativas para aliviar el dolor. La epidural, efectos secundarios

    -Acto de salud. Un derecho. Un placer.
    -Historia de las incubadoras.
    -Simbiosis y Sincronías, madre-criatura. 


    -El Colecho, un acto saludable y un derecho.
    -Estudios sobre la correlación que existe entre el período perinatal con la Salud de las etapas posteriores de la vida.

    Módulo 2:

    Tarde del sábado. Lídia Estany