Besplatna mačka        
 

Odi na jedan od ovih proxy-a:
usafastproxy.info/ ili uk-proxy.co.uk ili dontfilter.us/ ili bypassthe.net/
Zalijepi ovu adresu:
http://stardoll.com/en/contest
Ulogiraj se na stardoll pa zalijepi ovu adresu:
http://cl.stardoll.com/mail/RLS?mid=-1765058406&guid=53v9015w6fwy0Dg&lid=24433311
Pričekaj da se učita i to je to :)

          Call of Duty | Infinite Warfare | Concept Design        





































 



















          Ä°ngiltere kadrosu: Nathan Hughes ve dışarı Danny Cipriani ve Chris Ashton        
Yaban arısı Fiji doğumlu geri hat bets10 ileri Nathan Hughes bu ay bir sezon öncesi kamp için geçici 45 kişilik Ä°ngiltere elit oyuncu kadrosuna seçildi. Hughes bu yaz ikamet üzerinde nitelikli ve baş antrenörü Eddie Jones altında ilk kez sunuyor. Jones tarafından yılın başlarında gözden oldu Leicester fahişe Tom Gençler, set-up ünvanı verildi. Ama Northampton […]
          Thanksgiving Feast at the Inn!        
Once again it is time to start the discussions of Thanksgiving Day. Where to spend Thanksgiving?Who is bringing what? How many people can you cram into your dining room? Where is the good china? Is it too late to run away to Fiji?

Don't run away to Fiji. Forget about the good china! Never mind trying to squeeze everyone into your house, spending all week preparing dishes and rising at 4am to muscle Tom Turkey into the oven. Then find everyone gobbles down their meal in 15 minutes and you are left with achy feet and a pile of dishes. Not this year!

Let The Bradley Inn be your Thanksgiving destination. Remember what you are thankful for and relax instead of trying to figure out if everything is on the table and that the smoke you smell is the rolls you forgot about in the oven. (yes we've all done it.)

Our family style meal is priced at $50 per person and includes the following:

Amuse - Chef's choice
Appetizers 3-5 choices
Traditional Turkey and Accompaniments
Additional Entrees of Meat or Fish
Dessert - sampler

And no kitchen duty!

Seating is limited so please call to make your reservations - you will love Thanksgiving at The Bradley Inn!

(207)677-2105
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          STA MISLITE O TAOISTICKIM I INDIJSKIM SEXUALNIM TEHNIKAMA I        
.. Mogao bih nesto da kazem iz licnog iskustva,posto sam u periodima kada sam imao vise vremena mnogo o tome citao ali i ozbiljno vezbao Yogu,meditaciju, pa to i sada cinim kroz svakodnevne aktivnosti,duhovni stav isl. (Karma Yoga)..Indijska kultura sa svojom ISTORIJOM FILOSOFIJE (starom,raznolikom i slozenom kao i ona u Evropi),umetnoscu,tehnikama duhovnog razvoja,pa i kulturom telesnog i culnog je jedna VEOMA SIROKA POJAVA, gde se u svakom njenom pojedinacnom segmentu moze sresti izuzetan duhovni domet,i uzviseni primeri moralnosti,covestva.. gotovo isprepletani sa primitivnim sujeverjem,jalovim i tupim konzervativizmom isl.GOVORITI O INDIJSKOJ FILOZOFIJI UOPSTENO ZNACI NE RECI NISTA.Fofusiram se na najbitnije,koliko ja vidim kao laik koji nesto (malo u odnosu na dubinu teme) zna i u toj meri i kazeTongueOSTOJE NEKI AKSIOMI ZNACAJNIH FILOSOFSKIH SISTEMA U INDIJI KOJI SU ISTINITI.. BOG JESTE,KAO STVARNOST SA KOJOM MOZEMO IMATI DODIR I KAO ISKUSTVO U KOJE MOZEMO DA URASTAMO I KROZ NJEGA DA SAZREVAMO, A KOJE TREBA DA PREDSTAVLJA PRIRODNU OSNOVU NASEG ZIVOTA KAO I IZVORISTE I CILJ, ALI I AUTENTICAN LJUDSKI IZRAZ NASIH ZIVOTNIH TEZNJI I ENERGIJA..ZAKON KARME I REINKARNACIJA POSTOJE I ONO STO MI MISLIMO,OSECAMO,CINIMO,ODNOSNO MORALNI KVALITET OVIH CINJENICA IMAJU UTICAJA NA NASU TZV "BUDUCU KARMU",ODNOSNO NA OKOLNOSTI I DOGADJAJE U SADASNJEM I BUDUCIM "INKARNACIJAMA",ZBOG CEGA JE ZA SVAKOGA VAZNO DA BUDE DOSLEDNO MORALNA LICNOST U ODNOSU PREMA SEBI,DRUGIM LJUDIMA ,ZAJEDNICI, PRIRODI.. Cinjenice kao sto su energetski centri (cakre),kanali (nadiji),kundalini energija su savrseno prirodne i kada izvesno vreme vezbate yogu mozete da ih osetite i da manipulisete sa njima u prakticnom smislu ali to nije tako vazno.. Druga,NIMALO MANJE VAZNA STVAR je nasa percepcija ovih vrednosti kao pripadnika jedne druge nacionalnosti,tradicije i kulture.MISLIM,NA OSNOVU SVEGA STO ZNAM U VEZI TOGA DA JE DOMINANTAN STAV REZERVISANOSTI I SUMNJE SAVRSENO I JEDINI ISPRAVAN, S TIM DA SVAKO PROMISLJANJE TREBA DA BUDE DOSLEDNO IZVEDENO NA OSNOVU DOVOLJNOG ZNANJA I NEPRISTRASNO DA BI ZAKLJUCI BILI ISPRAVNI,STO CESTO NIJE SLUCAJ.Ja sam, baveci se Yogom idr. sreo puno ljudi i stvari koji mi se nisu uopste svideli,ali sam sreo i dosta d i v n i h i u svakom pogledu primernih ljudi (i zena) koje za razliku od onih prvih nije niko setio da pomene ili nesto pita u tekstovima o "sektama",koji se tako dobro prodaju..
Mislim da je jako dobro da se u vezi ove teme razgovara,jer je jedno otvoreno kulturolosko pitanje kako naci odgovarajucu formu i izraz da se sve ono vredno,lepo i istinito u dalekoistocnim kulturama razluci od "onog drugog", da bismo mogli nesto od tih vrednosti sa mirom da prihvatimo i zivimo i da pri tome budemo samo bolji ljudi,gradjani,pripadnici svojih nacija idr.

Ovo skromno razmisljanje smerno posvecujem Paramahansa Joganandi,Sri Yuktesvar Giri-u,Swami Rami..,mojim premilim drugaricama Shakti i Nirbhasi koji su svaki na svoj nacin ucinili da se jedna Neugasiva Ziska Svetla useli u moje srce.OM JAI GURU DEVA!
          STA MISLITE O TAOISTICKIM I INDIJSKIM SEXUALNIM TEHNIKAMA I        
STA MISLITE O TAOISTICKIM I INDIJSKIM SEXUALNIM TEHNIKAMA I FILOZOFIJI?
          Skøn solskins søndag....        
Dagen har været lun og solrig, den helt perfekte afslutning på april og min ferie. Temperaturen sneg sig op på 14 grader og selv om der indimellem kom lidt skyer, kunne det ikke ødelægge den skønne stemning af ægte forår.

                                  Tulipan Exotic emperor nød ogsÃ¥ solen i fulde drag.



 De forskellige kobjælder var ogsÃ¥ rigtigt i hopla og viste sig fra deres absolut bedste side.






Fra hver sin ende.







De første spæde knopper sidder klar i æbletræerne.



En af mine nye klematis er forholdsvis ny på markedet og skulle få grønne blomster. Der er allerede en enkelt knop så det bliver spændende at følge den.



Pausebilleder fra forskellige steder i haven. Jeg elsker at det nu virkelig grønnes dag for dag.





Purissima .



Vores højbede er efterhånden ved at trænge til en fornyelse, lærke skallerne bliver skiftet ca hver 6-7 år. Men det bliver ikke lige nu, for i dag fik jeg sået bedene til og lagt kartofler. Der skal jo også være opgaver til efterårs månederne.



Noget af det første vi plantede i volden, da den skabt for mange år siden var bergenia. Vi fjerner dem løbende når de må vige pladsen for andre planter.



Idag fik vi gravet en god del op, så de to påskeklokker jeg købte sidst på vinteren kunne blive plantet.



Denne yndige lyngfloks Apple Blossom fra Holland blev også plantet i volden.



Hver dag springer nye blomster ud.





Det fine vejr er noget tulipanerne kan li.



Det er så skønt at der endelig er ved at være farve i bedene.



Lige her er der ikke så mange farver, men masser af allium knopper på vej.



De to knopper i træpæonen er store og næsten bristefærdige.



I med og mod lys.




Perlehyacinter kan også lidt endnu.



Svovlgul anemone i solen.


Det blev en fantastisk havedag og nu håber jeg virkelig at foråret er kommet for at blive. Dette skønne vejr kan man jo ret hurtigt vende sig til :)
Så blev det desværre også enden på min ferie, der næsten har budt på alle 4 årstider med sne hagl storm og så endelig her på falderebet forår.

Mange solskins hilsner herfra :)

          Fiji se mueve a un .travel        
El Gobierno de Fiji, ha registrado Fiji.travel, que mantiene como su web oficial para el turismo. Otros países también tienen Germany.travel, Colombia.travel, Egypt.travel, Ecuador.travel o Canada.travel.
          Navio aparece cheio de sangue e sem tripulantes (MV Joyita)        

Um navio mercante (MV Joyita) desapareceu misteriosamente no Pacífico Sul nas primeiras horas da manhã de 03 de outubro de 1955 juntamente com 25 passageiros e tripulantes e foi encontrado 37 dias depois no Pacífico Sul, sem a sua tripulação a bordo e nas condições mais bizarras possíveis!
Ele foi encontrado justamente desse jeito: tombado, quase afundando, a 600 de milhas de onde deveria estar. O rádio estava sintonizado em estações de socorro. Vestígios de sangue foram encontrados, bem como todos os botes salva-vidas, o que envolve provavelmente um sequestro em massa, ou ação de piratas que jogou a tripulação no mar.
O seu desaparecimento é um dos mais misteriosos e bizarros da história da navegação universal.



O Joyita era considerado um dos mais modernos navios de carga do mundo, com capacidade para quase 10 toneladas de carga e saiu das Ilhas Fiji para entregar carga do outro lado do oceano mas os tripulantes simplesmente nunca mais voltaram.
Todos os tripulantes haviam desaparecido, bem como as quatro toneladas de carga que ele possuía, entre equipamentos médicos, tambores de óleo e madeira

O caso ainda permanece um mistério total e entrou para a história.
Foi descoberto depois que não havia coletes salva-vidas para todos, bem como botes. Um dos motores do barco ainda funcionava quando ele foi avistado pelo navio que o salvou e provavelmente ainda navegaria por um mês.



O capitão do navio, o experiente James Miller, enviou diversos pedidos de socorro, mas não sabia que havia um problema na fiação do do rádio que impedia a transmissão das ondas por mais de duas milhas.
Uma das teorias apontam que o capitão, que também era dono do navio, deu um golpe do seguro para saldar as dívidas dele, Outra teoria diz que os tripulantes pularam na água após identificarem o vazamento, como não haviam botes para todos, eles pularam diretamente na água, confiantes no socorro mas foram devorados por tubarões.
Outras teorias macabras culpam um baleeiro japonês, que supostamente matou a todos após serem flagrados pescando em águas proibidas; ou um ataque de um monstro do mar não identificado.

O que aconteceu após a partida do navio jamais foi esclarecido!



                  
SA the world's top destination

                                            Picture: Iafrica

South Africa has been voted the top destination by members of the world's largest travel and lifestyle social network, Where Are You Now? (WAYN), in the site's recent "dream destination competition".

The country beat Brazil, India, Dubai, Fiji, Turkey and Indonesia with 15 300 votes from members around the world.

A total 78,000 votes were counted for all seven of the destinations. The nominated countries and cities were selected through market research and tracking user engagement on WAYN. "All seven countries and cities nominated were extremely worthy contenders and dream destinations in their own right," WAYN co-founder and chief risk officer, Jeremy Touze, said in a statement last week.

"The immense popularity of South Africa as a tourist destination has been reinforced by this competition, and interestingly the activity we are seeing correlates with the recent announcement by President Jacob Zuma that the amount of foreign visitors to South Africa has grown by 300% to 13.5-million visitors, 9.2-million of which were tourists."

Touze said South Africa's strongest following comes from Asia, in particular India. "Out of the 408 000 fans of South Africa on WAYN, there are now over 108 000 fans from India alone," he said. "We are privileged to live in an incredible country, a land of spectacular wildlife, awe-inspiring adventure and unique heritage and culture," said chief executive officer of South African Tourism, Thulani Nzima. "It is home to warm, welcoming people, eager to share it with travellers from around the world.

"We are already touched by the hundreds of thousands of friends our destination has made on the WAYN.com platform and we are delighted with this accolade, which we hope will make more people's dreams of visiting South Africa a reality," Nzima said.

To see the full article on iafrica.com ,click here

          Blues, motorji in Soča        
Ob tolminskem sotočju bo čez dva tedna svojo krstno izvedbo doživel blues rock festival MotörCity. Od 24. do 27. avgusta se bodo na njem zvrstili glasbeniki Chris Thomas King (na fotografiji), Hans Theessink s Terryjem Evansom, Matt Schofield,...
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 01-29-2015 with Jahsonic        
Playlist:

- voicebreak -
Thievery Corporation- Liberation Front - The Richest Man In Babylon
Ed Sheeran- No Diggity Thrift Shop - Single
Balkan Beat Box Featuring Dana Leong- Sunday Arak - Balkan Beat Box
Sucre- Young And Free - Loner EP
Foxfeather- Math Problems - Foul Moon EP
Emancipator- Soon It Will Be Cold Enough To Build Fires - Soon It Will Be Cold Enough
The Wind And The Wave- Raising Hands Raising Hell Raise em High - From The Wreckage
The Black Keys- Oceans Streams - Attack Release
BRNS- Past Lives - Candy EP
Mr Little Jeans- Good Mistake - Pocketknife
Stevie Wonder C2C- Superstition - Single
Odesza- Say My Name feat Zyra - In Return
Micah Shemaiah- Dread At The Control feat Hempress Sativa Tj Infinite - Dread At The Control Single
Dirtwire- Damn Rooster - The Carrier
ODeath- Bugs - Outside
Pegboard Nerds- Badboi - Monstercat 019 Endeavour
JD McPherson- North Side Gal - Signs Signifiers
Smoke Season- Badlands - Hot Coals Cold Souls EP
Oliver Heldens Becky Hill- Gecko Overdrive Radio Edit - Gecko Overdrive Radio Edit Single
Jurassic 5- Whats Golden - Power In Numbers
Congorock Stereo Massive- Bless Di Nation feat Sean Paul - Bless Di Nation feat Sean Paul Remixes EP
AronChupa- Im An Albatraoz - Im An Albatraoz Single
Minus The Bear- Pachuca Sunrise - Menos El Oso
Hollie Cook- Milk Honey - Hollie Cook
Tycho Kendrick- Vibe Walk - Single
David Starfire- Ya Habibi feat Natacha Atlas - Ascend
Calvin Harris- Slow Acid - Motion
Basenectar Beats Antique- So Butterfly - Single
Zella Day- Sweet Ophelia - Zella Day EP
Kreeps- Pennsylvania Boarded Up House Blues - Belly Full Of Razor Blades
Elle King- Aint Gonna Drown - Love Stuff
Ryan Scroggins And The Trenchtown Texans- The Alligator - The Trenchtown Texans
Son Little- The River - Single
Tycho- Coastal Brake - Coastal Brake EP
Mr FijiWiji Direct- Entropy - Monstercat 019 Endeavour
MO- Dark Night - Single
Zed Bias- Shizam My Nu Leng Remix feat Stylo G Scrufizzer - Shizam feat Stylo G Scrufizzer EP
Desperate Journalist- Distance - Desperate Journalist
Tut Tut Child- Breathe feat Danyka Nadeau - Monstercat 020 Altitude
Thievery Corporation- The Time We Lost Our Way feat Loulou - The Cosmic Game
M- XXX 88 feat Diplo - Bikini Daze EP
Fickle Friends- Swim - Swim Single
David Starfire- Shiva Lives feat Knowa Knowone And Rik Sharaj - Ascend


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2015-01-29
          AMD's latest video cards include a liquid-cooled beast, the R9 Fury X        

Only a few weeks after NVIDIA debuted its latest high-end card, the GTX 980 Ti, AMD is now showing off its latest wares. And if you're looking for a powerful video card, your decision just got a lot more complicated. Leading the pack is AMD's new R9 Fury X, a liquid-cooled powerhouse with the company's new "Fiji" GPU design and highest-bandwidth memory technology. At $649, it's going head-to-head with NVIDIA's 980 Ti. But if you don't need all that power, there's also the Radeon R9 390X ($429), R9 390 ($329), and R9 380 ($199), all of which offer Direct X 12 support (making them ideal for Windows 10) and enough power to let you game in 4K (though we'd imagine that'd be a stretch with the cheaper entry). And if you're just looking something affordable, there's also the R7 370 ($149) and R7 360 ($109), which are more focused on delivering solid 1080p gaming.

Source: AMD


          By: Keshavelu        
An excellent piece. Killing PM Rajiv Gandhi was the biggest blunder he committed. With this cruel act on a beloved PM turned the tide against LTTE. Tamil Nadu people never forgave LTTE. LTTE was banned. Naval blockade was ordered and SL Navy stopped escape routes and also stopped arms getting in from North and East Coast. Any Leader with little acumen would have negotiated for a honourable settlement. Live and let live should have been the best policy. Prabhakaran was stubborn and blind. He should have given political settlement a chance for the sake of Tamil people. He was ruthlessly controlling his people and killed them mercilessly. The people never enjoyed development. Pictures of people in Lungis and women and children in torn clothes holding aluminium vessels as worldly possessions proved the stark reality of hand-to-mouth living under his rule. Like in Srilanka, Tamils were taken to Mauritius, Madagaskar, Malaysia, Singapore, Burma, Fiji Islands by the British. These Tamils are living in harmony with locals and prospering. Ethnic minorities are given their due share for their cooperation. I am happy that the game ended. Tamil diaspora should at least now stop day dreaming about 'Eelam'. It was an unrealistic goal from day one. Stop instigating Tamil brothers and Sisters.
          Interview of Edward M. Ward by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Edward M. Ward by Brian Shoemaker Ward, Edward M., 1918-2004 Commander Edward Ward was the first Commanding Officer of VXE-6, the naval aviation group that was involved in exploration of Antarctica in the 1950s. Ward had been interested in aviation from his early youth. In 1938 he joined the Marine Corps Reserve, but two years later entered the Navy to attend flight school, his primary interest. He graduated from flight school in May 1941. In September 1941, he married Marilyn Hesser Ward, though at the time officers in his program were forbidden to marry, so he kept the arrangement secret. Initially he expected to be assigned to a carrier, but instead he was sent to Pensacola to attend Instructor’s School. After graduation, as the war began, he was assigned to a PBY squadron, and flew many anti-submarine flights. Later he served on Okinawa, and as the war ended, briefly in Japan. Ward applied for, and was granted, a regular navy commission. His first assignment in the regular navy was to Point Barrow, Alaska, where in May 1946, he began to fly a PBY as part of an aerial magnetometer survey, the Special Alaskan Magnetic Survey (SPAM). He made magnetometer flights with scientists from the US Coast and Geodetic Survey team to Kodiak, Umiak, and to Petroleum Reserve No. 4, which then included the entire north coast of Alaska. From the air they were seeking indications of oil deposits. Their major discovery was Prudhoe Bay, recognized, in later years, as the largest oil field in North America. Ward also had some close contacts with the local Eskimo community, despite the fact such contacts were discouraged because of the high incidence of tuberculosis among the natives. His SPAM assignment ended in August 1946, but it would prove to be the start of a lifetime of involvement with the polar regions. In early 1947 Ward made other magnetometer aerial surveys of the Aleutian Trench, including dormant volcanoes, such as Great Sitkin, that dominated the entrance to Adak. He also flew from Adak to Midway and Wake Islands, to do aerial surveys of Bikini and Enewetak atolls. In September 1947, he flew home to Alameda aboard the huge Mars seaplane, the world’s largest commercial seaplane. In early 1949 Ward was sent to GCA (Ground Control Approach) School, but soon received different orders to Military Air Transport Service (MATS) with the Air Force. This was excellent duty, but temporary, and in October 1950, he returned to Alaska to participate in Ski Jump I, which among other things, involved landing an R4D on skis on sea ice on the Arctic Ice Cap to do oceanographic research. Except for Sir Hubert Wilkins, who had earlier crash landed on the sea ice, no one had ever done this before. Ward and his crew stayed at the Naval Arctic Research Lab (NARL) at Barrow. There were three officers and several high ranking enlisted men in his crew, and included photographers and radiomen. They transported civilian oceanographers from Wood’s Hole. Their challenge was to find suitable, safe landing sites on smooth sea ice. These were provided by the “leads,” or areas of open seas that had recently refrozen. Their first landing was successful, and Ward and scientists from Wood’s Hole started immediately to set up Oceanographic Station No. 1. The location was approximately 280 miles due north of Barrow. Using an ordinary chain saw, the scientists drilled a square hole in the ice, through which a 10,000 foot cable could be lowered to the bottom of the ocean to measure temperature and salinity, take depth soundings, and collect bottom samples. The men set up a tent, but slept aboard the plane. Ideally the ice should be three feet thick for a safe landing. All landings were made on wheels, not skis. During their first year of operation, Ward and his colleagues established twelve ice stations between March and June 1951, as part of Operation Ski Jump I. About a year later Ward returned to the Arctic in February 1952, as part of Ski Jump II. It was a larger, more ambitious enterprise, using three planes rather than one, two P2V’s, and an R4D. Twice the P2V’s had engine failure, and multiple oil leaks. The men were cautioned to look out for polar bears, and carried carbines in case of an attack. None ever occurred. Typically Ward and his colleagues could make two ice landings on a single day, but occasionally they would remain at a site for a day or longer. Large bladders filled with fuel were deposited at several locations, but it was found that direct refueling from another plane worked best. On a planned trip to the North Pole Ward’s R4D, running low on fuel, landed on a less than ideal ice cap. Another pilot, carrying fuel, landed a P2V, but his plane was damaged in the landing. Fortunately repairs were made, the R4D refueled, and the P2V returned safely to base. Unfortunately, Ward’s plane was damaged in takeoff, lost a prop, and the men found themselves in a survival situation 800 miles north of Barrow in one of the most remote places in the world. Nobody knew where they were, and radio communication did not work. After two days the radio man established contact with an amateur ham radio operator who notified the Navy of the location and plight of the damaged aircraft. After nearly a week Jack Cooley, a pilot, found the downed plane and returned the nine men safely to Barrow. But plans for a flight to the North Pole were scrapped. The R4D plane was abandoned. Soon Operation Ski Jump II was concluded. It had led to the creation of six additional oceanographic ice stations, making a total of 18 for both Ski Jump I and II. After two brief postings, in July 1953 Ward was assigned to the Bureau of Aeronautics in Washington, D.C. The next year a chance encounter with Admiral Byrd gave Ward an opportunity to indicate his interest in an Antarctic assignment. Thanks to a timely intervention by President Eisenhower, funding was found for another expedition. Captain (soon to be Admiral) George Dufek, USN, brought back from retirement, was placed in charge, and Ward volunteered to accompany him to Antarctica. This was the beginning of Operation Deep Freeze I. Ward was named as the Air Operations officer. Dufek provided strong leadership, and Admiral Byrd, also recalled from retirement, was named Officer in Charge of Antarctic Programs, a glorified title for his role as a consultant. Herb “Trigger” Hawkes was named Chief of Air Operations by Dufek for Deep Freeze I, and he recruited various other team members. As it happened, the Secretary of the Navy rejected Hawkes as Chief of Air Operations. Ward replaced him temporarily as Commander, but four months later Gordon Ebbe became the Skipper of the Squadron. Commander Ward, stationed at the time at the Naval Air Station in Patuxent, Maryland, conferred frequently with Admiral Dufek, and worked to recruit additional members of Deep Freeze I. Harry Hedblom, Commander, USN, was recruited as Senior Flight Surgeon. Hal Kolp, Marine Lt. Colonel, was named Executive Officer of VX-6. As it happened, Ward was not able to participate in Deep Freeze I in Antarctica. Shortly before his planned departure his wife, Marilyn, faced a dangerous medical situation caused by a caesarian birth. Consequently, Ward was named Officer in Charge of the Patuxent Detachment so that he could remain at home close to his wife. Those who participated in Deep Freeze I recorded many significant accomplishments, including some of the first long-range reconnaissance flights in the R5D. Joe Entrigen piloted the first airplane to land at McMurdo after a long international flight. Later he made a long flight toward the magnetic South Pole. Hank Jorda and Jack Donavan, accompanied by Gordon Ebbe, flew Admiral Byrd to the South Pole, his last visit there. Back home, one of Ward’s responsibilities at Patuxent was to line up planes for the expedition. Two planes connected to Deep Freeze I crashed; an Otter in Antarctica, and a P2V in the Brazilian jungle not far from Manaus. Fortunately, all crew members from both flights were rescued. Ward was able to participate in Deep Freeze II. He flew to McMurdo via Hawaii, Fiji, and New Zealand. The final leg of the flight, on October 17, 1955, from Christchurch to McMurdo, was the “worst flight” he ever made in his entire career. On part of the trip they flew through blizzard conditions. Minutes before they landed, a second plane, a P2V, crashed on the runway. Four crewmen were killed on that flight. Virtually out of fuel Ward successfully landed his own plane. The next day Ward was named to write the formal accident report on the crashed P2V. Soon he was busy making various flights, including three long-range R4D flights over the South Pole and beyond, to do trimetrogon photography. His flights were the first ever made to these locations. Hank Hanson was his co-pilot, Dick Swadener his navigator. He also flew an Otter several times to Marble Point although he never landed there. Admiral Dufek had some interest in possibly constructing a permanent base there. Gus Shinn, pilot, and “Trigger” Hawkes, co-pilot, made the first landing at the South Pole on October 30, 1956. Admiral Dufek and Doug Cordiner sat in the back as passengers. Ward himself landed at the Pole on November 30, 1956. Construction started soon thereafter by the Seabees on the first base at the South Pole. The Air Force used C-124’s to drop supplies. In February, 1957, Ward, and others, including Shinn and Cordiner, were flown out to the sea plane tender, USS Glacier, for the trip back to New Zealand; from there they flew home to Quonset Point aboard an R5D. He did not participate in Deep Freeze III. Instead he was named Commanding Officer of VU4, a utility squadron based at Chincoteague, Virginia. He managed various kinds of aircraft including drones. Later he had several different commands. For his polar achievements Ward was named an Honorary Member of the American Polar Society. Major Topics Aerial surveys in late 1940’s for oil sites on north coast of Alaska Operations Ski Jump I (1950) and Ski Jump II in Alaska (1952) Construction of 18 research stations on ice floes in early 1950’s Capability and features of various military aircraft in 1950’s Operation Deep Freeze II in Antarctica (1955-56) Recollections about numerous Navy pilots and personnel from 1950’s and 1960’s Key Names Bower, Dick, Seabee who built South Pole station, p. 148 Bower, Paul, p. 103 Brewer, Max, pp. 65-66 Brower, Tom, pp. 30-31 Butler, Smedley D., Marine Corps General, p. 5 Byrd, Richard, Admiral, pp. 1, 42, 44, 90-91, 116-117, 161 Canham, Dave, Lt. Commander, USN, Seabees, p. 138 Carey, Dave, USN pilot, p. 137 Cooley, Jack, pp. 69-70, 70-80, 86-88 Cordiner, Doug, USN pilot, pp. 118, 129-130, 149, 153 Crary, Bert, pp. 66-67 Dietrich, Henry, USN Captain, pp. 93, 95 Disney, Walt, pp. 99-100 Donovan, Jack, USN pilot, p. 116 Dufek, George, USN Captain (and later Admiral), pp. 93-104, 109-110, 121, 127, 142-44, 149, 153 Ebbe, Gordon, pp. 16-17, 52-53, 64-5, 106-108, 112-113, 116, 121, 129, 137, 144, 154 Eielson, Ben, Navy pilot, p. 43 Eisenhower, Dwight, pp. 91-92 Entrigen, Joe, USN pilot, pp. 114-116 Fletcher, Joe, pp. 77-78, 86 Frankiewicz, Eddie, USN pilot, pp. 122, 148 GCA, Ground Control Approach, Navy radar landing system, pp. 40-41 Gould, Larry, pp. 91, 97, 101 Hanson, Hank, USN pilot, pp. 139-142 Hawkes, Herb “Trigger”, Chief of Air Operations for Deepfreeze I, pp. 19, 104, 111, 114, 137-139, 149 Hedblom, Harry, Commander, USN, p. 109 Holmes, John, Senior scientist from Wood’s Hole, pp. 59, 63, 67, 71 Jorda, Hank, USN pilot, p. 116 Keller, Fred, scientist, pp. 12-13, 19, 24, 34 Kielhorn, Bill, Coast Guard reserve officer, p. 66 Kolp, Hal, Marine Lt. Col., pp. 103, 113-114 McHale, [?], Navy Chief, pilot, pp. 63, 82, 88 Mirabito, John, pp. 129-130 Morehead, Dave, Lt. JG, Navy navigator, pp. 49-50 Ogle, John, Navy Commander at Attu, pp. 35-36 Otti, Charlie, USN pilot, pp. 120, 124 Pendergraff, Penny, pp. 104-05 Sabolik, Pete, Eskimo friend of Ward, p. 28 Shinn, Gus, pp. 103-04, 118, 146, 149-150, 153 Siple, Paul, pp. 2, 91, 138, 148 Sterling, Stu, Navy officer, pp. 41-41 Swadener, Dick, USN navigator, pp. 131, 142, 149 Torbert, Jack, USN pilot, pp. 111, 120, 124 Ward, Marilyn Hester, wife of Edward Ward, pp. 8-10, 112-113 Weigand, Rudy, p. 103 Wein, Sig, Eskimo bush pilot, pp. 29-30 Wilkins, Sir Hubert, Arctic explorer, pp 43, 66 Winkler, Tom, USN navigator, p. 120 Woodward, Edward, Navy pilot, pp. 45, 49-50, 88 Worthington, Val, pilot, pp. 67, 71
          Sinful Colors - Fiji        


Sinful Colors has finally landed in Australia and are available from Priceline and Target.

This is Fiji, a gorgeous purple shimmer. I love this one! Formula was good.










Thanks for reading
Deb

          Comment on Temporary migration reservations by Tess Newton Cain        
Thanks for this Carmen, I think you've raised some very important points, especially about the need to expand the conversation and research agenda. For a similar perspective that it is largely focused on the Vanuatu context, you may like to look at <a href="http://dailypost.vu/news/listen-carefully-or-risk-killing-the-golden-goose/article_da1d5352-e22b-56ef-955d-413e986b9018.html" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">this item</a> I wrote earlier this year. Since then we have seen the governments of Fiji and Samoa move to restrict participation in SWP by 'punishing' villages further to misbehaviour (including overstaying) by members of their communities. The constitutionality of measures of this sort is questionable I would say but it does not seem likely that this will be tested in the courts of those countries. On receiving the bodies of 3 SWP workers killed in a RTA in Northern Queensland, the Minister of Internal Affairs in Vanuatu stated that if more workers were to die whilst working in Australia, he would put a stop to the scheme. All of which adds to what you have put forward here and should be alerting all concerned to the various strands of complexity that operate in this area and go way beyond economics.
          Vega HBM 2 8GB memory stack costs $160        
Vega HBM 2 8GB memory stack costs $160


BOM  goes the bank balance 

It is hard to forget the fact that Vega is more than a year late. It was supposed to launch last year and AMD had to settle for Polaris 10 and 11 performance mainstream / mainstream parts. 

A year without a high end part is not easy and Fury is still on the top of the hill for AMD. The Dual version of Fury was almost non-existent and didn’t do much in the market.

We want to address one elephant in the room called HBM 2 memory. Vega or let’s call it Radeon RX needs two stacks of HBM 2 memory each having 4GB memory.

Back in July 2016 :

Fudzilla repeatedly claimed that there won’t be any HBM 2.0 capable GPUs in 2016 as our sources simply told us that that the memory won’t be ready for mass production. They seem to be right about this one.

The HBM 2 memory that ships with Pascal P100 cards is extremely expensive. Nvidia dropped the prices of Tesla (compute) P100 PCIe 16GB cards to just above 7000 Euro, while just a few months ago Nvidia wanted 10,000 Euro for the same card.

According to our multiple, well informed industry insiders, the 4GB HBM 2 memory stack cost around $80 USD. Vega needs two HBM stacks to get to 8GB memory putting  the price all the way up to $160 just for the memory. Using the same math, Nvidia spends $320 for four times 4GB for its Pascal P100 cards. The price is tailored for each customer and, quite likely, customers are getting different prices and the $80 should be regarded as just a rough guideline.

4GB HBM2 DRAM structure main

The Samsung memory that is being used uses four HBM 2 chips stacked on top of each other and it uses a substrate called interposer. Without going into too many details, HBM 2 is delayed from its original plans (available in 1H 2016) and very expensive.

Our sources have implied that in normal cases GDDR5 / GDDR5X memory cost a few times less than the $80 for 4GB. This makes Vega or any other HBM 2 card much more expensive, as the Bill of Materials (BOM) explodes compared to traditional GDDR5 / GDDR5X cards.

Since we don’t know the Vega RX price or the actual performance, it is hard to imagine that the Vega Radeon RX will be more expensive than Geforce GTX 1080 TI.


          AMD Fiji has two GPUs        
AMD Fiji has two GPUs


Liquid VR and sources offer proof

It has been a while since we saw the first factual proof of the existence of Fiji, the next generation flagship AMD GPU, that will be the first graphics card to come with High Bandwidth Memory (HBM) memory.

Shortly after the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas, in early January, we heard that Oculus has the latest AMD hardware and a few weeks ago Tom's Hardware confirmed it. The publication saw a demonstration of "Showdown running on the Oculus Rift Crescent Bay, being powered by an unannounced Radeon R9 flagship ultra-enthusiast product."

The HTC / Valve Rift demo at the Mobile World Congress 2015 was carried out with Geforce GTX 980 cards. Our sources informed us that HTC and Valve have a Fiji-powered demo too, but they didn’t want to show it. As you can imagine, there is a Titan X version of this setup too.

Dual GPU hints dropped along the way

However, AMD raised our suspicions about the Fiji design when they announced LiquidVR SDK, where they clearly stated that you need two GPUs. The slide below clearly implies that you need Affinity multi-GPU rendering in order to reduce latency and increase content quality.

amd liquid vr1 features

"Affinity Multi-GPU for scalable rendering, a technology that allows multiple GPUs to work together to improve frame rates in VR applications by allowing them to assign work to run on specific GPUs. Each GPU renders the viewpoint from one eye, and then composites the outputs into a single stereo 3D image. With this technology, multi-GPU configurations become ideal for high performance VR rendering, delivering high frame rates for a smoother experience. "

This is how AMD ended up with 8GB of HBM1 memory

So, when Fudzilla wrote that Fiji is going to ship with 8GB of RAM, we didn’t actually think that we were talking about two separate GPUs, on separate interposers, with each GPU using 4GB of HBM1 memory. This is how AMD got to 8GB, or should we say two times 4GB for this card. It makes much more sense now, and of course we would not be surprised to see Fiji for notebooks and lower-end desktop products in a single GPU configuration.

AMD is betting big on Virtual Reality (VR), and we have been aware of this since late 2014. The company knows that Nvidia is putting a lot of effort into VR research and development, so AMD wants to try to beat Nvidia in this new emerging market.

Competition heating up in VR segment

Since there are at least two big players coming this year with their retail products, Facebook owned Oculus and Valve / HTC, both Nvidia and AMD want to end up selling more of their GPUs for these kits.

We tried Crescent Bay last week and we have to admit that the latest VR glasses by Oculus are better than the Developer Kit 2, popularly known as DK2. We tried Oculus DK2 back in September 2014 and again in January 2015 at CES, but it made us feel dizzy, and overall graphics quality was quite poor despite running on high-end Nvidia hardware. It was all about the quality of glasses, leness and technology that Oculus used.

Crescent Bay makes you less dizzy, the picture quality is better, but we are not sure if we would be comfortable to wear that for more than few minutes, because we simply didn't have enough time to try it. We still didn’t have a chance to try the Valve / HTC virtual reality kit, but many of our distinguished colleagues have and they all claim that it is better than Oculus Crescent Bay.

Oh, one more thing – AMD is already working hard on a next generation High Bandwidth Memory HBM card that is smaller than 20nm. We still don't know which node it will use, or which type of memory (HBM1 or HBM2).


          Wales 23-13 Fiji - BBC Sport        
Wales' 23-13 win over Fiji gives the home side a huge stride towards the Rugby World Cup 2015 quarter-finals.
          Apa kata beliau!!! ISU MESIR         

Rampasan kuasa tentera Mesir menggulingkan Presiden Morsi memerlukan analisis lebih mendalam, termasuk sejarah panjang pemerintahan diktator negara itu dan latar belakang mengenai liku-liku perit yang dilalui Ikhwanul Muslimin selama hampir 60 tahun.

Prof Dato' Dr Mohammad Redzuan Othman (gambar), Dekan Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya dirasakan tokoh akademik dan pengamat politik Timur Tengah yang paling layak memberikan pandangan terhadap krisis di Mesir. Wakil Harakah, Ahmad Lutfi Othman dan Arif Atan menemubual Dr Redzuan di kediamannya, Sungai Ramal, Kajang, pertengahan Julai lalu.

Soalan :
Presiden pertama Mesir yang dipilih rakyat dalam satu pilihan raya yang diakui adil dan bebas telah digulingkan hanya selepas setahun berkuasa. Ada pihak melihat dalang di sebaliknya adalah pihak Barat, terutamanya Amerika Syarikat. Sebagai tokoh akademik yang lama mengikuti politik Mesir, termasuk gerakan Ikhwanul Muslimin, tentu Prof lebih arif tentang apa sebenarnya yang berlaku?

Jawapan :
Barat sebenarnya sudah lama merancang untuk bertindak dan menindas gerakan Ikhwanul Muslimin yang ditubuhkan pada 1928. Kejayaan Ikhwanul Muslimin mengambil alih kuasa selepas ditindas lebih enam puluh tahun menimbulkan kegusaran, termasuklah juga rejim monarki di negara Arab yang turut merasakan kedudukan mereka akan tergugat jika gerakan Islam ini berjaya mengemukakan alternatif kepada pelbagai kemelut yang dihadapi oleh umat Arab.

Untuk memahami apa yang berlaku di Mesir, kita harus meneliti sejarah yang pernah berlaku sebelum ini. Sejarah penindasan ke atas Ikhwanul Muslimin pada 1948-1954 seolah-olah berulang dengan menggunakan skrip sama. Contohnya, pada 13 Julai lalu, berita menyiarkan bahawa Morsi akan disiasat kerana dikatakan terlibat dalam kegiatan yang memcetuskan keganasan. Pendukung Ikhwanul Muslimin yang dibunuh dan dianinya, tetapi mereka pula yang dituduh.

Nasib yang sama pernah menimpa Ustaz Abdul Qadir Audah, pemimpin Ikhwanul Muslimin yang tersohor yang dijatuhi hukuman gantung sampai mati pada tahun 1954 kerana dituduh mencetuskan keganasan dan terlibat dalam komplot cubaan bunuh ke atas Gamal Abd al-Nasser. Bersama-sama beliau yang turut menjalani hukuman gantung, termasuklah Abd al-Fattah Ismail, Muhammad Al-Faghali, Yusof Talaat, Ibrahim al-Tayyeb dan lain-lain.

Pada 1966 Sayyid Qutb dijatuhi hukuman gantung. Bukti yang digunakan dan digembar-gemburkan ialah Ikhwanul Muslimin terlibat dalam kegiatan bersenjata dan pelbagai jenis senjata ditemui di pejabat gerakan tersebut. Ini juga perkara yang dihebohkan oleh tentera Mesir dengan mengatakan bahawa senjata ditemui di ibu pejabat Ikhwanul Muslimin di Moqattam dan penemuan tersebut adalah bagi mengesahkan gerakan ini menaja keganasan dan wajar ditindas.

Tuduhan yang dikenakan ke atas Ikhwanul Muslimin juga hampir sama seperti enam dekad lalu. Bagi mendapat sokongan rakyat tindakan General Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi sama seperti Gamal Abd al-Nasser pada 1954, iaitu mengembleng rakyat menyatakan sokongan kepada beliau melalui Hubbat al-Ahrar (Liberation Rally).

Atas nama sokong kepada regimnya rakyat berhimpun bagi menyatakan sokongan kepada Nasser dan mengutuk Ikhwanul Muslimin. Ini yang dilakukan oleh tentera pada hari ini dengan menaja demonstrasi rakyat bagi menyokong regim dan menolak Ikhwanul Muslimin yang dikatakan antinasional.

Sama seperti kira-kira 60 tahun lalu, tentera tidak ada belas kasihan dan bertindak sewenang-wenang ke atas pendukung Ikhwanul Muslimin termasuk melakukan penindasan kejam. Ternyata penindasan tanpa belas kasihan ini memberi impak yang amat besar kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Tahun 1948-1954 merupakan tahun penuh cabaran kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin. Pada Februari 1949, pengasas dan pemimpinnya, Hasan al-Banna mati ditembak. Sejak itu Ikhwanul Muslimin terus ditindas dan seterusnya diharamkan pada 1954 hinggalah selepas Husni Mubarak diturunkan dari jawatan presiden berikutan berlakunya Kebangkitan Arab pada 2011. Ini bermakna Ikhwanul Muslimin telah diharamkan selama 67 tahun dan ribuan anggotanya pernah dipenjarakan dan puluhan yang lain mati di tali gantung.

Dari segi sejarah, tentera menindas Ikhwanul Muslimin selama hampir enam dekad. Tentera memandang Ikhwanul Muslimin dengan penuh curiga. Dengan menggunakan kekuatan senjata dan kuasa yang dimiliki tentera tidak pernah menunjukkan belas kasihan kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin. Melihat rekod lalu tiada perkara yang boleh menghalang mereka untuk terus berusaha menindas Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Soalan :
Maknanya, apa yang berlaku hari ini mengulangi penindasan kejam terhadap Ikhwanul Muslimin 60 tahun lalu. Apakah mungkin ia mengakibatkan Ikhwan sukar untuk bangkit semula?

Jawapan :
Tentera cuba mengulangi pendekatan yang pernah mereka lakukan lebih 60 tahun lalu. Namun begitu, suasana sudah berubah. General Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi tidak sehebat Nasser dan kemajuan dalam teknologi maklumat menjadikan penipuan dan propaganda yang mengelirukan rakyat tidak boleh dibuat sewenang-wenangnya.

Natijah kepada konflik Ikhwanul Muslimin dan tentera banyak bergantung sejauh mana gerakan Islam ini mampu bertahan. Rekod yang dimiliki Ikhwanul Muslimin menunjukkan gerakan tersebut mempunyai daya tahan yang luar biasa.

Walaupun enam dekad ditindas dengan para pemimpin utamanya ramai mati dibunuh dan penindasan dilakukan secara berterusan, namun Ikhwanul Muslimin masih bersisa dan mampu bangkit. Inilah yang berlaku pada 2011, walaupun ditindas rejim Mubarak, namun mampu muncul sebagai organisasi yang paling tersusun dan memberikan alternatif kepada rakyat.

Walaupun tentera dan kumpulan anti-Ikhwanul akan menggunakan pelbagai cara untuk menghapuskan pengaruhnya, tetapi suasana 2013 tidak sama seperti 1954. Hari ini Ikhwanul Muslimin mampu membawa jutaan penyokongnya di jalan raya dari seluruh 27 Muhafazah (wilayah) di Mesir.

Namun begitu, situasinya masih sama, iaitu bagi kumpulan anti-Ikhwan yang terdiri daripada penyokong sosialis, nasionalis, liberalis, sekularis dan kelompok tariqat tertentu mereka sanggup mengetepikan perbezaan dan permusuhan sesama mereka semata-mata bagi menentang gerakan Islam ini.

Soalan :
Mengimbau sejarah lalu, Ikhwanul Muslimin yang dizalimi seperti tidak mendapat simpati atau sokongan daripada masyarakat antarabangsa termasuk kalangan kumpulan Islam sendiri. Mengapa terjadi begitu?

Jawapan :
Ketika Gamal Abd al-Nasser menjadi Presiden Mesir beliau berjaya menggerakkan jentera propagandanya sehingga menggelap dan menggerhanakan peranan Ikhwanul Muslimin. Pengaruh beliau cukup hebat hingga pelajar Malaysia yang belajar di Universiti al-Azhar, Mesir pada waktu itupun tidak tahu tentang peranan dan sumbangan Ikhwanul dalam memperjuangkan Islam yang syumul.

Nasser yang tampil dengan imej Islam digambarkan sebagai tokoh pemimpin Islam dan tidak hairanlah apabila beliau mati, terdapat madrasah dan kelompok umat Islam di Malaysia menganjurkan solat ghaib sebagai tanpa kasih kepada "pemimpin Islam yang banyak berjasa".

Sentimen anti-Israel yang dilaungkan Nasser menjadikan beliau dikagumi sehingga umat Islam di Malaysia, termasuk mereka yang pernah belajar di Mesir tidak menyedari kezaliman dan penindasannya ke atas Ikhwanul Muslimin. Ini termasuklah apabila Sayyid Qutb dihukum gantung pada 1966, protes hanya disuarakan sekelompok kecil pelajar Malaysia yang belajar di Barat.

Menariknya, kebangkitan Islam di Malaysia pada awal 1970-an bukan digerakkan lulusan Mesir, sebaliknya oleh mereka yang terpengaruh dengan perjuangan dan pemikiran Ikhwanul Muslimin dalam kalangan pelajar dari universiti tempatan dan mereka yang belajar di Barat.

Pengaruh Ikhwanul Muslimin yang disebarkan melalui buku-buku tokoh-tokoh Ikhwanul yang tersohor seperti Hasan al-Banna, Abd al-Kader Audah, Sayyid Qutb dan lain-lain. Buku-buku ini pula bukan dalam bahasa Arab tetapi dalam bahasa Inggeris seperti buku Maalim Fit Tariq oleh Sayyid Qutb yang lebih dahulu dibaca dengan judul Milestones.

Soalan :
Merujuk kebangkitan rakyat Mesir tiga tahun lalu untuk menumbangkan regim Hosni Mubarak, ada pendapat mengatakan pada peringkat awal Ikhwanul seperti menjauhkan diri dan tidak terlibat. Boleh prof jelaskan keadaan sebenarnya?

Jawapan :
Perkara ini sering dijadikan ungkitan penggerak gerakan 25 Januari yang memaksa Husni Mubarak meletakkan jawatan. Mereka mengatakan Ikhwanul Muslimin menanguk di air keruh dengan mengambil kesempatan daripada kebangkitan.

Memang ada kebenarannya kerana ketika rakyat mula turun ke jalan raya, pada peringkat awalnya Ikhwanul Muslimin mengambil pendekatan tunggu dan lihat. Pada awal Februari 2011 barulah Ikhwanul Muslimin turut mengerahkan pengikutnya ikut serta dalam protes yang dilakukan.

Pendekatan Ikhwanul Muslimin yang terpaksa mengambil pendekatan berhati-hati mudah difahami kerana gerakan ini sudah terlalu lama berusaha mengerakkan kebangkitan tetapi gagal mendapat sambutan meluas. Sebaliknya, kebangkitan yang mereka anjurkan berakhir dengan tragedi apabila ada ahlinya yang dihukum berat, dipenjarakan dan harta disita.

Hal yang sama pernah berlaku pada 1952 apabila berlaku kebangkitan rakyat menentang Raja Farouk dan British, Ikhwanul Muslimin tidak berada berada di barisan hadapan dan tidak terlibat secara langsung. Apabila Gamal Abd al-Nasser melancarkan revolusi dan berjaya menggulingkan Raja Farouk, Ikhwanul Muslimin dianggap tidak berperanan memainkan peranan sebenar.

Dengan pelbagai pengalaman itu, sebagai usaha mempelbagaikan pendekatan Ikhwanul Muslimin pernah terlibat secara langsung dalam pilihan raya Mesir. Ikhwanul Muslimin sudah terlibat dengan pilihan raya sejak 1984 lagi, walaupun bukan sebagai sebuah parti yang bertanding menggunakan nama gerakan tersebut. Ia pernah bergabung dengan parti Buruh, Parti Wafd dan bertanding secara bebas.

Kejayaan terbesar Ikhwanul ialah apabila berjaya meraih hampir 25 peratus undi dalam pilihan raya Mesir tahun 2007. Namun begitu, kejayaan besar ini bukan memberikan manfaat kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin, sebaliknya gerakan Islam ini semakin ditindas. Penindasan yang berterusan ini mendorong lahirnya dua kelompok kepimpinan dalam Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Kumpulan konservatif merasakan Ikhwanul Muslimin perlu kembali fungsinya yang asal iaitu menumpukan kepada dakwah dan tarbiyyah dan tidak terlibat dalam politik bagi memastikan survival gerakan yang tidak putus-putus ditindas. Kumpulan reformis pula mencadangkan Ikhwanul Muslimin perlu melakukan trasformasi dan mengikut contoh AKP di Turki bagi membolehkan perubahan dilakukan di Mesir.

Dalam muktamar Ikhwanul Muslimin pada 2010, kumpulan konservatif yang diketuai Badaei berjaya menguasai kelompok kepimpinan gerakan Islam itu dengan mengetepikan kumpulan reformis yang diketuai Essam al-Erian.

Soalan :
Bagaimana pula dengan pembabitan Ikhwanul dalam proses pemilihan ahli-ahli Parlimen dan jawatan Presiden Mesir?

Jawapan :
Sebagai kumpulan yang dianggap paling tersusun, Ikhwanul Muslimin ternyata lebih bersedia menghadapi pilihan raya dan berjaya memperoleh kemenangan dalam pilihan raya tahun 2012. Setelah berjaya mendapat kemenangan yang amat memberansangkan dalam pilihan raya parlimen, Ikhwanul Muslimin memutuskan untuk bertanding merebut jawatan presiden.
Pada peringkat awal Ikhwanul Muslimin secara tegas menyatakan mereka tidak berminat dengan jawatan itu. Apabila seorang pemimpin kanan Ikhwanul Muslimin, iaitu Moneim Abd al-Futuh menyatakan beliau berhasrat bertanding jawatan presiden, beliau dipecat kerana mengingkari keputusan syura.

Apabila Ikhwanul Muslimin memutuskan untuk merebut jawatan presiden, calon mereka ialah Khayrat Shater. Namun begitu, kelayakan beliau untuk bertanding dibatalkan kerana pernah ditahan di bawah pemerintahan Husni Mubarak. Sebagai gantian Muhammad Morsi dipilih sebagai calon. Hal yang sama juga berlaku kepada calon Parti Nour, iaitu, Hazem Abu Ismail yang tidak layak bertanding.

Akhirnya Morsi yang bertanding menentang mantan Perdana Menteri Mesir di zaman Mubarak, iaitu Ahmad Syafiq. Morsi menang dengan 51 peratus undi, walaupun peratus yang keluar mengundi sekitar 32 peratus sahaja. Morsi merupakan Presiden Mesir yang dilantik secara demokratik.

Soalan :
Soalnya, walaupun bertanding menentang Syafiq, yang dikira mewarisi Husni Mubarak, tetapi Morsi hanya mendapat sekitar 52 peratus, tidakkah itu boleh dianggap sokongan yang berbelah-bagi?

Jawapan :
Walaupun Morsi hanya mendapat 52 peratus undi, namun sebagai pilihan raya yang diiktiraf adil, telus dan bebas, beliau dikira mendapat sokongan majoriti. Jumlah yang keluar mengundi sebanyak 32 peratus juga tidak boleh dijadikan alasan bahawa beliau tidak mendapat legitimasi kerana Husni Mubarak menang pilihan raya dan dilantik sebagai presiden dengan kadar keluar mengundi sekitar 10 peratus sahaja.

Disebabkan rakyat tidak yakin dengan pilihan raya, kerana sudah pasti Husni Mubarak akan menang besar menyebabkan rakyat tidak ambil kisah untuk keluar mengundi. Lagipun di Mesir pilihan raya mengambil masa yang panjang. Pilihan raya Mesir yang melibatkan 27 wilayah mengambil masa selama tiga bulan untuk selesai. Pengundian pula dibahagikan kepada tiga peringkat dengan setiap peringkat melibatkan sembilan wilayah.

Pilihan raya Mesir selepas kejatuhan Mubarak dianggap telus, adil dan bebas kerana dipantau hakim. Parti-parti yang bertanding menggunakan pelbagai pendekatan untuk memenangi hati pengundi. Sebagai pertubuhan yang mempunyai jentera di seluruh negara Ikhwanul Muslimin berjaya menggerakkan penyokongnya untuk ke peti undi dan menyokong partinya.

Selain Parti Nour, hanya Parti al-Karamah yang dipimpin Hamden Sabahi yang mampu memberi saingan. Beliau seorang yang berfahaman sosialis dan pengikut Nasser yang setia. Beliau menggunakan bas dua tingkat sebagai pendekatan kempen untuk membolehnya menjelajah ke seluruh negara. Pendekatannya ternyata berkesan apabila berjaya menduduki tempat ketiga dalam pemilihan jawatan presiden. Hamden Sabbahi merupakan salah seorang pemimpin Tamarrod yang bersekongkol dengan tentera dan kumpulam sekular dalam menjatuhkan kerajaan pimpinan Morsi.

Soalan :
Sejarah Ikhwan menunjukkan ia turut berpecah membabitkan kepemimpinan tertinggi setiap kali berlaku peristiwa besar dalam politik Mesir. Apakah kali ini juga berlaku hal sama?

Jawapan :
Ikhwan gagal menyatukan perpecahan apabila ada pemimpin pertubuhan itu bertindak keluar kerana perbezaan dari segi pendekatan. Dakwaan cubaan Morsi untuk "mengIkhwanulkan" Mesir pula tidak lebih propaganda yang sengaja ditiupkan. Morsi cuba untuk buat yang terbaik tetapi malangnya dia mewarisi suatu sistem yang sesiapa pun tidak boleh pegang. Tumbangnya Morsi minggu lepas, Qatar dan Arab Saudi beri USD12 bilion masuk ke Mesir sebagai bantuan 'soft loan'. Raja Abdullah ucap tahniah kepada tentera.

Soalan :
Morsi juga mendapat kritikan keras daripada sebahagian aktivis Ikhwan?

Terdapat dalam kalangan golongan Islamis yang menuduh Morsi terlalu berlembut dan bersikap liberal kerana tidak tegas laksanakan undang-undang syariah. Pihak sekular pula menolak Morsi kerana dikatakan cuba mengikwankan Mesir. Pemerintahan Morsi depan serangan pelbagai penjuru dan keadaan ini dipersulitkan lagi dengan keadaan ekonomi yang semakin parah sehingga menimbulkan kesulitan kepada rakyat.

Soalan :
Politik Mesir tidak dapat dipisahkan daripada pengaruh dan pembabitan proaktif pihak tentera...

Jawapan :
Tentera Mesir bukan sahaja terlibat dalam menjaga keselamatan. Mereka juga terlibat dalam pentadbiran dan menguasai ekonomi. Apabila tentera tidak menyokong Mubarak beliau terpaksa meletak jawatan. Morsi juga dijatuhkan oleh tentera. Ini bermakna selepas ini sesiapa sahaja boleh tumbangkan oleh tentera. Tentera Mesir merupakan golongan elit dan kenaikan Mursi dilihat berisiko menggugat dominasi mereka.

Permusuhan Ikhwanul Muslimin dan tentera telah berakar umbi berdekad-dekad lamanya. Dengan sebab itu apabila apabila Amerika Syarikat menyeru kepada pendemokrasian di Mesir, jawapan Husni Mubarak ialah, “Kalau saya (Mubarak) jatuh, Ikhwanul akan berkuasa”. Bila Ikhwanul Muslimin berkuasa Amerika Syarikat amat khuatir dengan perkembangan ini.

Selain berdepan Mubarak dan AS, Ikhwanul Muslimin juga bertembung dengan kumpulan lain. Mereka termasuklah kumpulan Salafi yang dibiayai Arab Saudi yang berfahaman Wahabi. Ketika zaman Mubarak, beliau menggalakkan kumpulan Tarikaq yang tidak menyokong gerakan Islam. Ini merupakan pendekatan halus bagi melemahkan Ikhwanul Muslimin. Walaupun golongan sekular juga berpecah kepada pelbagai kumpulan tetapi mereka bersatu menentang Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Soalan :
Boleh Prof jelaskan kedudukan dan pengaruh pertubuhan dan parti-parti politik Islam di Mesir?

Jawapan :
Ketika mula berlakunya kebangkitan rakyat Mesir kumpulan Nour mengeluarkan fatwa haram hukumnya menentang Mubarak. Namun begitu, apabila Mubarak jatuh kumpulan ini menyokong kebangkitan rakyat. Dalam konteks politik Mesir, kumpulan Nour merupakan kumpulan Islam yang kedua berpengaruh selepas Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Morsi dilihat terlalu berbaik sangka dengan pihak tentera, yang akhirnya menikam balik dirinya.

Morsi tidak mempunyai banyak pilihan. Dalam pentadbiran Morsi mengambil pendekatan terbuka, termasuklah melantik dalam kalangan orang Kristian dan bukan ahli Ikhwanul Muslimin dalam pentadbirannya. Morsi cuba melakukan pelbagai perubahan dalam tempoh 100 hari pemerintahannya, tetapi amat sukar untuk sesiapa sahaja yang memerintah Mesir melakukan perubahan secara drastik.

Morsi mewarisi sistem ekonomi yang lemah dan sistem sosial yang tidak mantap. Ikhwanul Muslimin cuba bersikap baik dengan tentera seperti pada tahun 1952, tetapi tentera tidak pernah bersangka baik dengan Ikhwanul.

Soalan :
Prof juga banyak mengkaji dan mengikuti dari dekat lanskap politik di Turki. Mungkin ada persamaan di antara kedua-dua negara ini dan apakah pengalaman berharga yang dilalui Erdogan dan partinya yang mungkin boleh dikongsi dengan realiti di Mesir?

Jawapan :
Cubaan untuk mempraktikkan politik Islam di Mesir nampaknya lebih sukar berbanding Turki yang tebal dengan amalan sekularisme. Walaupun demikian di Turki terdapat dua parti sekular iaitu Republikan dan Demokrat.

Walaupun kedua-dua parti berfahaman sekular, namun tidak ada titik pertemuan di antara kedua-duanya, dan malahan lebih bersedia untuk bekerjasama dengan parti Islam daripada berpakat sesama mereka. Akhirnya parti Islam itu berjaya memerintah seperti yang berlaku pada 1996 apabila Parti Refah berjaya membentuk kerajaan walaupun dengan sokongan 21 peratus undi sahaja.

Soalan :
Ada pihak bimbang Mesir mungkin mengulangi tragedi berdarah di Syria yang tidak berpenghujung...

Jawapan :
Tidak dapat dinafikan terdapat kebimbangan ini. Namun begitu, situasi di Syria agak berbeza kerana di Mesir masyarakatnya tidak terbahagi kepada puak. Kekhuatiran yang lebih besar ialah Mesir akan kembali kepada zaman 1970-an dan 1980-an apabila kumpulan Islam mengambil pendekatan bersenjata sehingga menyebabkan berlakunya pertumpahan darah yang tiada penghujung.

Bagi pendukung gerakan Islam termasuk Ikhwanul Muslimin kemungkinan untuk terjerumus kepada pendekatan ini tidak boleh ditolak apabila mereka ditindas tanpa belas kasihan. Bagi Ikhwanul Muslimin pengalaman sejarah mengajar mereka untuk berjuang hingga ke titisan darah terakhir. Dalam kemelut yang berlaku sama ada mereka menang atau pasti ditindas secara berterusan sebagaimana yang pernah berlaku sebelum ini.

Pengalaman di Algeria juga merupakan iktibar yang amat menjadi keprihatinan kepada aktivis Ikhwanul Muslimin apabila demokrasi yang diwujudkan di negara tersebut menghalang FIS daripada terlibat dalam politik dan bertanding dalam pilihan raya. Pendekatan tentera dan kumpulan sekular hari ini menjurus ke arah tersebut yang berusaha menyisih Ikhwanul Muslimin daripada berperanan dalam proses politik di Mesir.

Realiti hari ini menunjukkan Ikhwanul Muslimin berdepan cabaran hebat untuk menentukan survival masa depannya. Penentuan masa depannya amat bergantung kepada sejauh mana ia dapat terus bertahan dan konsisten dalam perjuangan serta dengan strategi yang lebih baik daripada pihak lain yang menjadi musuh politiknya.

Ikhwanul Muslimin bukan sahaja berdepan musuh politik dalam negeri, tetapi juga daripada AS dan Israel yang mempunyai kepentingan dan tidak mahu melihat gerakan Islam ini berpengaruh. Walaupun AS menjuarai demokrasi, tetapi negara kuasa besar itu bersifat hipokrit dalam isu pergolakan politik di Mesir yang menyebabkan Morsi dilucutkan jawatan. AS dan negara barat tidak bersuara lantang apabila tentera “merampas kuasa” di Mesir, tetapi memprotes apabila berlakunya rampasan kuasa di Fiji, Maldive dan lain-lain.

Anehnya, rampasan kuasa di Mesir bukannya dikutuk, tetapi sebaliknya dijanjikan dengan bantuan kewangan. Arab Saudi dan beberapa negara Teluk yang merupakan sekutu kuat AS dan amat khuatir dengan perluasan pengaruh Ikhwanul Muslimin menjanjikan bantuan sebanyak USD 12 billion kepada Mesir sebaik-baik sahaja Morsi dilucutkan jawatan oleh tentera.

Perkembangan di Mesir memperlihatkan manifestasi sikap “double standard” Barat terhadap Islam. Walaupun Morsi dilantik secara demokrasi, tetapi cara beliau diturunkan tidak bersifat demokratik.

Jika demonstrasi jalanan dijadikan tanda aras bagi mengukur populariti bukannya melalui sokongan peti undi, demokrasi di Mesir bukan maju ke hadapan. Sebaliknya, Mesir masih terus berada pada zaman gelap seperti rejim-rejim lalu dan hasrat generasi muda negara itu untuk mewujudkan masyarat yang mampu bersaing dengan negara lain akan terus tinggal impian semata-mata.

          My Favorite Things         
Jo-Anna over at A Pretty Life in the Suburbs decided to throw a favorite things party in celebration of Oprah's Favorite Things being on the air once again! (Yep, it's on today! Check your local listings.) Who doesn't love that show? And who hasn't wished they were one of the lucky people in that audience? I know I sure have! I thought the idea of getting to create my own list of favorite things would be lots of fun. So here we go! Hope you all liked what I picked to give you.  ; )

Welcome to Catie's Favorite Things!!!

First up we have lip balm. I know it's small, but I have a bit of an addiction to the stuff. Burt's Bees is definitely one of my favorites because they're made with all natural ingredients. And a recently discovered new favorite is their cuticle cream. LOVE it!


Yankee Candles have got to be my absolute favorite when it comes to candles. They have amazing scents and the best part, you can burn a candle for an hour or so and your house smells that way for hours!



This next one is boring and practical, but I love it! I have used a Brita pitcher for about 14 years. It's a great was to save money because you're not buying loads of bottled water. AND you're being environmentally friendly by filling your own water bottles. So it's a win/win in my opinion. 


This is my favorite perfume. I'll bet you would like it too. 



One store I really miss since moving to Canada is Trader Joe's.
Sooo everyone gets a $250 gift card!


Unfortunately I don't own a Kitchen Aid Mixer, but it is definitely on my ultimate gift list! And they come is soo many fun colors it would be soo hard to choose.



OK, now we're done with the gift I could actually give someone. Now onto the gifts Oprah could give!

First we have the Marc Jacobs watch that everyone is wanting or wearing.


With this next one I had a hard time deciding between the classic plaid Burberry Hobo Bag and this gorgeous merlot colored one. Guess that means you get both. haha Which one would you pick?




If you picked the classic plaid as your favorite you'll need something to match so,
YOU GET A CAR!!!


I can't get over how cute this car is! I want one! 

How could I possibly top that? Hmm, maybe with a getaway to Fiji! 











Hope you enjoyed my favorite things! Thanks to Jo-Anna for coming up with this fun party idea! And don't miss Oprah's Favorite Things today. 

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Fiori di zucca ripieni fritti - La ricetta di Finale Ligure
          TRIP TO KL YUHUUU!!        
Assalamualaikum ❤
Hari ni just nak updated last week punya aktiviti je. Pada hari khamis bersamaan 24hb, we all ( graphic team ) dengan cerianya heading to KL untuk menghadiri seminar printing yang berlangsung keesokkan harinya.


Muka excited selepas belasah nasik lemak Mak Jemah tepi rumah :p

Asalnya pada hari tu kami ingin melawat kilang KUMPULAN MEDIA KARANGKRAF yang terletak di Seksyen 15, Shah Alam. Kenapa la bangunan ni tak bubuh kaler pink. Barulah sempoi gitu..


Klik SINI kalau nak tahu lebih lanjut mengenai KUMPULAN MEDIA KARANGKRAF.

Sebelum menuju ke MEDIA KARANGKRAF, tengah hari itu kami sempat melantak sekejap dekat Ar Rasheed Bistro. Entah dekat cerok mana kedai mamak ni. Yela terlelap sekejap sebab terbelasah nasik lemak Mak Jemah yang sedap tu. Bestnya baru aje nak berangan, order sekejap jer dah sampai. Alah order mee goreng mamak je pun. Rugi kalau mai tak pekena mee goreng mamak yang sedap tu. Air tarik dia cun! Aney tu siap buat goyang gerudi depan kami lagi taw. Tak caya p datang sendiri ;p


Cover muka kebulur dengan senyuman sehabis gedik

Masuk je pintu utama Karangkraf tu terus sergah Karangkraf Mall yang terletak berdekatan dengan kaunter khidmat pelanggan. Gelojoh betul. Mana tak gelojohnya. Novel bapak punya murah! Dan paling best ada novel  berharga RM5 jer! Last last kena halau dengan lecturer. Sedih sedih sedih..
Ini novel haa zaman wa tak keluwa belanak lagi maa sebab itu ohlang kasi wa murah maa :p 

Ok! Ni pulak uncle Hashim or nama penuh dalam ic Hashim Anang :p Uncle Hashim ni sempoi woo.. Rugi kome tak ambek uncle ni buat pak mentua. Dia ni lah yang mengiringi kami dari mula masuk sampailah keluar dari Karangkaf tu. Thanks sebab susah-susah je belanja kami makan mee goreng mamak free masa tu hehehehe..
Mesti korang tertanya-tanya makhluk apa ni kan kan kan? Haa ni pulak bukan bahan dalam pameran. Jauh sekali seni graviti. Ni adalah dinding kenangan Karangkraf or biasa kita dengar orang panggil wall sticker. Dekat dinding ni penuh dengan sejarah penubuhan dan yang berkaitan dengan sejarah awal penerbitan Karangkraf.

Selepas tu Uncle Hashim bawak kami ke Unit Bahagian Majalah Karangkraf dan berjumpa dengan staf-staf graphic designer. 





Lepas tu kami pun pergi ke bahagian percetakkan pulak. Dimana surat khabar Sinar Harian, majalah-majalah dan novel di cetakkan. Serius sangat jakun pada masa ni. Dengan mesin bapak punya besar. Lori pun boleh runtuh kalau bawak semua mesin ni.
 Lupa la nama pakcik ni. Sampai berbuih mulut pakcik ni terangkan dekat kami pasal mesin-mesin besar gedabak tu.




Ni kertas nak buat surat khabar. Kalau jatuh ni kompem tak ke  penyet kita nanti.


Sesudah jelajah satu bangunan Karangkraf  kami pun dijamu dengan chicken chop, nasik ayam penyet n bla blaa blaa.. padahal makan mee goreng mamak jer pun. Nampak beno nipu nyer hehee..

Akhirnya CEO Karangkraf, Dato’ (Dr) Hussamuddin Hj Yaacub sempat meluangkan masa minum petang bersama kami :)






Sebelum balik kita posing cun dulu okay! Bukan selalu dapat berkepit,berlaga bahu dan bergambar sakan dengan CEO Karangkraf ni :p

Lepas tu apa lagi moh ler kita p borong buku sampai licin!
 Rugi tak beli majalah PC ni. Dalam nih ada tutorial berkenaan photoshop. Sesiapa yang hantu photoshop tu silalah beli. Memang tak rugi kalau beli. Orang yang tak beli tu jer yang rugi hehehe..




 Muka excited nak bayor :p


 Abaikan budak bertudung kelabu tu. Dia memang selalu kalut macam tu :p ishh sapa ler gedik main snap nih !!

End.. Hujan sedih. Sedih berpisah dengan pakcik Hashim huahuahua :p Masa ni kami on the way ke ADTEC Shah Alam untuk tidur semalaman. Sori la bebudak ADTEC sebab kami menyemak dekat situ sekejap hehee. Ohh ya insyaallah nanti Aten update pasal seminar printing di PWTC yang terjadi pada keesokkan harinya. Tunggu yaw..  Assalamualaikum jumpa lagi yer..

          The 'who's who' of European tax havens        
Will Germany, UK and Netherlands end up in the OECD "black list" of terrible "tax havens"?



Forget about the Bahamas, Panama, Cayman Islands, or Fiji. If you want to avoid paying taxes and have no problem with dicey business practices, Europe has a lot to offer.

Europe is far from innocent in the international offshore tax evasion industry, as the Tax Justice Network (TJN) recently demonstrated. Many European countries, with their stable infrastructure and professional personnel, provide fertile ground for businesses or individuals to evade taxes.

Andorra
There are more than a few gaps that need to be filled in Europe, according to Markus Meinzer of the TJN. He helped paint a picture of who's who among European tax havens.
The independent mini-state of Andorra in the Pyrenees, which is not a part of the European Union, offers a secretive place for those in neighboring countries to stash their money. Particularly attractive is the personal service offered by banking advisers there. It's also easy for Spaniards and French to simply drive there to deposit cash. Afterwards, one can always tank up and buy cigarettes there - tax-free, of course.

Austria
As a country sharing borders with Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, the Czech Republic and Switzerland, Austria draws foreign capital by promising secrecy to account holders. It caters especially to Europe's German-speaking population, Meinzer said. But he also said that he knows of Argentines who, for example, combine investing in Austrian bonds with the advantages of bank secrecy. Due precisely to the lack of financial transparency and its geographic location, Austria has also attracted wealth from Arab world dictators for decades.
Channel Islands
The British Channel Islands Jersey, Guernsey and Sark are home to hundreds of financial institutions and insurance companies drawn to their simple and low taxes. While Jersey probably "hides the most dirty business," according to Meinzer, Guernsey is the most innovative.
With its so-called self-protected companies, an apparent single company is organized into cells with protective legal walls between them. And on Sark, according to British newspaper The Guardian, there are 24 companies registered for each of the approximately 600 inhabitants.
Cyprus
Cyprus is the perfect example of what can go wrong with depending on such dubious business models. It was particularly oriented toward former Soviet countries, and acted as a hub for them. Transactions over letterbox companies brought money into Cyprus, then back to countries like Russia - thus avoiding Russian tax authorities. But since the Cyprus bailout , in part by the EU, the Mediterranean island will have to come up with a new business model.
England
England, with London, represents one of the largest hubs for tax evasion and capital flight. Meinzer described London as "the mother of all tax havens" since the zone, which does not answer to the crown, has developed a network that continues to bring money back to the capital of the former empire. Money flows from there to British Channel Islands, such as Guernsey, Jersey or to the Isle of Man, then overseas to British territories in the Caribbean, such as the Cayman or Virgin Islands - or in Europe, to Gibraltar. London, is the seat of many dubious "letterbox companies," which only exist on the Internet.
Germany
Frankfurt skyline Foto: Frank Rumpenhorst dpa/lhe
Frankfurt is a great place for foreign investors to earn tax-free interest
Germany protects the data of foreign investors, who also don't have to pay taxes on interest.
Only Germans, or foreigners resident in Germany, have to actually shell out a flat rate withholding tax on interest income, Meinzer said.
Information on such yields also rarely flows out of Germany, he added: "Foreign investors with German accounts are protected with a certain degree of anonymity."
That's why Germany ranks ninth in the world for financial secrecy, according to TJN.
Gibraltar
At the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar has specialized in allowing such letterbox companies, called "trusts." The structure of such trusts means there is no real owner of the company. They are often used to add a layer of secrecy to letterbox companies, Meinzer said, which is particularly good for money laundering.
Meinzer cited insider information in calling it "the dirty end of the spectrum" for bringing money back into financial markets. The presence of many gambling casinos there also comes into play.
Ireland
It's called the "double Irish" in the financial world: A company founds two subsidiaries in Ireland with its business tax rate of 12.5 percent. Then, one claims to be based in a different tax haven. (Comparable taxes in the United States, for example, are around 35 percent.)


This is completely legal in Ireland, and therefore an optimal location for companies such as Google, Apple or Amazon.While the one company does business in Europe, it pays the other patent fees. Profits vanish, as costs and income equal out on the balance sheet.
Although other countries like the Netherlands offer similar models, Meinzer said the difference is that people do actually work in Ireland, which at least creates some jobs and a bit of growth in the country.
Isle of Man
Taxes are kind of an afterthought on this island between England, Scotland and Ireland. Inheritances and capital gains aren't taxed at all, while the highest level of taxation lies at 20 percent. Corporate tax is nonexistent. It's especially loved as a hidey-hole for British millionaires.
Luxemburg
Luxembourg is the second-largest financial hub in Europe, after London. Innumerable investors and around 150 different banks enjoy a lenient tax framework in Europe's stocks and bonds center. Luxembourg's status as an EU member makes it particularly attractive for European companies and the international market, Meinzer explained. "If I want to get around German laws, for example, I could go through Luxembourg," Meinzer said, adding that 40 German banks do business there.


With its low tax rates, Malta, like Cyprus, has long drawn foreign capital. Although corporate taxes are around 35 percent, companies can get most of that refunded.
It's a favorite among German companies, which earn a higher profit if based on Malta. Meinzer said that while it's clearly a tax paradise for companies, it's not clear if that's also the case for individuals.
Monaco
The Principality of Monaco continues to be home to the rich and famous, being surrounded by France. Millionaires happily set themselves up there due to the fact that they pay no income or inheritance taxes. The city-state also does not prosecute financial crimes committed abroad. Businesses, however, must pay taxes there - at rates of around 33 percent. France, though it doesn't play an active role, lends a protective hand, Meinzer said.
Netherlands
What Luxembourg is for private investors, the Netherlands is for large corporations. Business taxes are incredibly low, with many tax advantages for interest and licensing income.
With the "Dutch sandwich," a parent company has a subsidiary in the Netherlands, which it uses as a cheap tax base to develop its European business.
Switzerland
Although there are supposedly no more completely anonymous bank accounts in Switzerland (and neighboring Liechtenstein), it continues to draw large sums of money due to its strict banking secrecy. Considering the volume of money in Switzerland, it made first place on the TJN's Financial Secrecy Index.
Full text in http://www.dw.de/


          ç‘žå£«èˆ‡å·´é»Žè‡ªåŠ©æ—…è¡Œ 旅館飯店分享 (推薦)        

基本上,這次的旅行,巴黎能有比較便宜的都選便宜的,但瑞士的飯店旅館都偏貴的,所以瑞士要找到近車站又便宜的本來就不太容易阿~

Date City/Country Remark
30 Sep 2012 Hong Kong –>  Paris Stay in Paris 201311563712705
Hotel London Opera Paris (€98)
1 Oct 2012 Paris–>Zurich, Switzerland  Stay in Zurich, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Hotel marta  (CHF165)
2 Oct 2012 Zurich–> Luzern–>Interlaken Stay in Interlaken, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Hotel Royal - St. Georges (CHF203)
3 Oct 2012 Interlaken–>Jungfraujoch–>Grindelwald Stay in Grindelwald, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Hotel Derby Grindelwald (CHF158)
4 Oct 2012 Grindelwald–>Lausanne Stay in Lausanne, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Château d'Ouchy (CHF401)
(Double room with Lake view)
5 Oct 2012 Lausanne–>Bren–> Lausanne Stay in Lausanne, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Mövenpick Hotel Lausanne  (CHF196)
6 Oct 2012 Lausanne –>Paris Stay in Paris 201311563712705
Hotel London Opera Paris(€98)
7 Oct 2012 Paris
8 Oct 2012 Paris Stay in Paris 201311563712705
Solar Hotel (€69)
9 Oct 2012 Paris
10 Oct 2012 Paris
11 Oct 2012 Paris
12 Oct 2012 Paris–>Hong Kong
13 Oct 2012

Hotel London Opera Paris (法國巴黎)
評分: 地點非常好,離百貨公司非常近,精品選購族一定要考慮,地鐵也在旁邊,也是機場巴士RoissyBus的下車點,早餐免費,乾淨度一般,也還說得過去的,以€98這價位來說,算是OK的了,缺點是櫃台在2F,2F以上才有電梯,要能般行李上2樓,還有電梯很小。地點在麥當勞上面。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g187147-d228839-Reviews-London_Hotel-Paris_Ile_de_France.html
image
P1130589

Hotel marta (瑞士,蘇黎世)
評分: 離車站進,有免費WiFi與早餐,乾淨,唯一的缺點是床比較小,可能我們是選Economy small room的關係吧。算是值得推薦了!
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188113-d1875935-Reviews-Hotel_Marta-Zurich.html
image
P1120539 P1120540

Hotel Royal - St. Georges (瑞士,因特拉肯Interlaken)
評分:以200瑞士法郎來說,肯定是要乾淨的,設備蠻其全,離車站要走7分鐘,算是缺點吧,因為其實有更進的可以選擇,不過這邊真的旅館不多,離車站近的更是少。用餐環境不錯的。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188081-d236397-Reviews-Hotel_Royal_St_Georges_Interlaken_MGallery_Collection-Interlaken_Bernese_Oberland_Canto.html
image
 P1120807
P1120809
P1120819
P1120842

Hotel Derby Grindelwald  (瑞士,格林德瓦)
評分:就在車站旁,陽台就能看到火車進出站,真酷阿~ 早餐還不錯。缺點是老老舊舊的,而乾淨度可能需要再加強。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188080-d227524-Reviews-Derby_Hotel-Grindelwald_Jungfrau_Region_Bernese_Oberland_Canton_of_Bern.html
image
P1130002
P1120983
P1120973
P1120986

Château d'Ouchy  (瑞士,洛桑)
Double room with Lake view
評分: 這天真的當好野人去,住城堡飯店,不過這400CHF種價位都可以住礁溪老爺兩次了><,
位在洛桑烏契港,設備很乾淨,衛浴分離,湖景還行,沒附早餐(敗筆)
地點在捷運站前,離車站只有三站,算交通方便囉。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188107-d231862-Reviews-Le_Chateau_d_Ouchy-Lausanne_Vaud.html
image
P1130157
P1130559
P1130143
P1130146
P1130148
P1130152
P1130154
2012-10-04 13.13.26


Mövenpick Hotel Lausanne (瑞士,洛桑)
Lake Standard Room
評分:位在洛桑烏契港,中規中矩的連鎖飯店,由於在知名的IMD洛桑管理學院旁,所以常有學術人士入住,離捷運進,旁邊又有超市,也有湖景看,說起來CP值也不錯了。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188107-d206289-Reviews-Moevenpick_Hotel_Lausanne-Lausanne_Vaud.html
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Ester atau Alkil Alkanoat

1. Rumus Umum
Ester merupakan senyawa turunan asam alkanoat, dengan mengganti gugus hidroksil
(–OH) dengan gugus –OR1. Sehingga senyawa alkil alkanoat mempunyai rumus umum:R-COOR1

R dan R1 merupakan gugus alkil, bisa sama atau tidak.
Contoh :
1) CH3–COO–CH3 R = R1 yaitu CH3
2) CH3–CH2–COO–CH3 R = CH3–CH2(C2H5)dan R1=CH3

2. Tata Nama
Untuk memberi nama senyawa ester, disesuaikan dengan nama asam alkanoat
asalnya, dan kata asam diganti dengan kata dari nama gugus alkailnya.
Rumus Struktur
Nama IUPAC
CH3–COOCH3
CH3–COOCH2CH3
CH3-CH2-COO-CH2-CH3
CH3-CH2-COO-CH2CH2CH3
Metil Etanoat
Etil etanoat
Etil Propanoat
Propil Propanoat

3. Sifat – Sifat Alkil Alkanoat

Senyawa – senyawa ester antara lain mempunyai sifat-sifat sebagai berikut :
1) Pada umumnya mempunyai bau yang harum, menyerupai bau buah-buahan.
2) Senyawa ester pada umumnya sedikit larut dalam air
3) Ester lebih mudah menguap dibandingkan dengan asam atau alkohol pembentuknya.
4) Ester merupakan senyawa karbon yang netral
5) Ester dapat mengalami reaksi hidrolisis

Contoh :
R–COOR1 + H2O -----------> R–COOH + R1–OH
Ester As. Alkanoat Alkohol

6) Ester dapat direduksi dengan H2 menggunakan katalisator Ni dan dihasilkan dua buah
senyawa alkohol.

Contoh :
R–C OOR1 + 2 H2 → R–CH2–OH + R1–OH
Ester Alkohol Alkohol

7) Ester khususnya minyak atau lemak bereaksi dengan basa membentuk garam (sabun)
dan gliserol. Reaksi ini dikenal dengan reaksi safonifikasi / penyabunan.

4. Kegunaan Ester

Ester banyak digunakan dalam kehiduapn sehari-hari antara lain :
1) Amil asetat banyak digunakan sebagai pelarut untuk damar dan lak
2) Esterifikasi etilen glikol dengan asam bensen 1.4 dikarboksilat menghasilkan poliester
yang digunakan sebagai bahan pembuat kain.
3) Karena baunya yang sedap maka ester banyak digunakan sebagai esen pada makanan
antara lain :
Tabel CONTOH AROMA SENYAWA ESTER


Rumus Struktur
Jenis Ester
Aroma
CH3COOC5H11
C4H9COOC5H11
C3H1COOC5H11
C3H7COOC4H9
C3H7COOC3H7
Amil Asetat
Amil Valerat
Amil Butirat
Butil Butirat
Propil Butirat
Buah Pisang
Buah Apel
Buah Jambu
Buah Nanas
Buah Mangga

5. Sifat fisik dan kimia

Sifat Fisik Ester

a. Titik didih ester hampir sama dengan titik didih aldehid/keton yang berat molekulnya sebanding.
b. Ester dapat larut dalam pelarut organik.
c. Ester dengan 3-5 atom karbon dapat larut dalam air.
d. Ester yang mudah menguap memiliki bau sedap.

Sifat Kimia Ester

a. Hidrolisis
Hidrolisis ester akan menghasilkan asam karboksilat dan alkohol.
Contoh:
b. Reaksi dengan amonia
Ester bereaksi dengan amonia dan membentuk amida dan alkohol.
Contoh :
c. Transesterifikasi
Ester dapat melakukan reaksi transesterifikasi dengan alcohol sehingga menghasilkan ester yang berbeda. Hasil samping diperoleh alkohol.
Contoh :
d. Reaksi dengan pereaksi Grignard
Ester bereaksi dengan pereaksi Grignard membentuk suatu keton.
Contoh:
e. Reduksi
Reduksi ester dengan katalis tembaga(II) oksida dan tembaga(II) kromat akan menghasilkan alkohol primer.
Contoh :
6. Pembuatan Ester

a. Pembuatan ester menggunakan asam karboksilat

Metode ini bisa digunakan untuk mengubah alkohol menjadi ester, tetapi metode ini tidak berlaku bagi fenol – senyawa dimana gugus -OH terikat langsung pada sebuah cincin benzen. Fenol bereaksi dengan asam karboksilat dengan sangat lambat sehingga reaksi tidak bisa digunakan untuk tujuan pembuatan.
Sifat kimiawi reaksi
Ester dihasilkan apabila asam karboksilat dipanaskan bersama alkohol dengan bantuan katalis asam. Katalis ini biasanya asam sulfat pekat. Gas hidrogen klorida kering terkadang digunakan, tetapi penggunaannya cenderung melibatkan ester-ester aromatik (ester dimana asam karboksilat mengandung sebuah cincin benzen).
Reaksi pengesteran (esterifikasi) berjalan lambat dan dapat balik (reversibel). Persamaan untuk reaksi antara asam RCOOH dengan alkohol R’OH (dimana R dan R’ bisa sama atau berbda) adalah sebagai berikut:
Aquí una altra recepta de fusió, podríem dir que mig hindú mig catalana, ja que combina unes llenties vermelles amb la samfaina, i hi hem afegit pit de xai perquè el plat fos més complet i, és clar, sense deixar-nos les espècies.


Ingredients:

Per a la crema de Dahl:
- 200g de llenties vermelles
- 1 litre d'aigua
- 1 ceba
- 2 claus d'olor
- 1 pastanaga
- 1 fulla llorer


- 2 peces de pits de xai esquarterades


Per a la samfaina
- 2 cebes
- 2 pebrots vermells
- 1 albergínia
- 1 carbassó
- 6 tomàquets pera

- Grapat de comí en gra
- Grapat de coriandre en gra
- Dau de gingebre fresc


- Oli
- Sal
- Pebre
- Cilantre fresc

Elaboració:

Per a la crema de Dahl, primerament marquem el xai en una cassola amb molt poc oli (el xai deixarà anar una mica de greix). Quan el tinguem ben marcat, hi afegim la pastanaga, la ceba amb 2 claus clavats i les llenties. Remenem una mica i mullem amb aigua freda. Salpebrem i fem que bulli i deixem coure durant aproximadament mitja hora.




Després, rescatem els talls de carn i les verdures. Passem les llenties pel túrmix, que hauran de quedar en textura de crema. Passem pel xinès. Si anem sobrats d'aigua, podem tornar a posar al foc perquè evapori. Corregim de sal i pebre.




Per a la samfaina, en una paella amb oli, comencem sofregint una mica el comí i el coriandre. Les retirem i les matxuquem en el morter, que deixatarem amb una mica de la crema de llenties. A la mateixa paella i en el mateix oli, comencem a fer la samfaina posant el dau de gingebre (que no retirarem fins al final perquè ens aporti tot l'aroma) i els daus de ceba. A continuació, el pebrot. Després, l'albergínia i, poc després, el carbassó. Finalment, mullem amb el tomàquet ratllat on haurem afegit les espècies deixatades. A cada ingredient que hi anem afegint, anem salpebrant.






Quan tinguem pràcticament enllestida la samfaina, hi afegim el pit de xai que havíem reservat, perquè es torni a reescalfar. 


Emplatem la samfaina amb la carn i afegim una mica de crema Dahl que ens farà de salsa per lligar el conjunt. D'altra banda, també ens pot servir com a aperitiu lleuger. Decorem per sobre amb una mica de cilantre fresc ben picat.




Maridem amb el Viña Bujanda criança 2013, que pertany al grup de Finca Valpiedra, i que té una gran relació qualitat preu. Un clàssic Rioja que aguanta bé les espècies del plat, que estan ben integrades i no són gaire estridents. El vi no destaca tant pel cos com per la delicadesa del seu taní, l'equilibri i el bon frescor.



Salut!






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          Surga Cerita : Menantu Perempuan        
Frans, 56 tahun, dengan perutnya yang gendut yang kebanyakan minum bir, kepalanya mulai botak dan sudah menduda selama 10 tahun. Setelah rumahnya dijual untuk membayar hutang judinya, dia terpaksa datang dan menginap di rumah putranya yang berumur 28 beserta menantu perempuannya. Sekarang dia harus menghabiskan waktunya dengan pasangan muda tersebut sampai dia dapat menemukan sebuah rumah kontrakan untuknya.


Diketuknya pintu depan dan Ester, menantu perempuannya yang berumur 24 tahun, muncul dengan memakai celana pendek putih dan kemeja biru dengan hanya tiga kancing atasnya yang terpasang, memperlihatkan perutnya yang rata. Rambutnya yang berombak tergerai sampai bahunya dan mata indahnya terbelalak menatapnya.

"Papi, aku pikir Papi baru datang besok, mari masuk", katanya sambil berbalik memberi Frans sebuah pemandangan yang indah dari pantatnya.

Dengan tingginya yang 175 itu, dia terlihat sangat cantik. Dia mempunyai figur sempurna yang membuat lelaki mana pun akan bersedia mati untuk dapat bercinta dengannya.

"Johan masih di kantor, sebentar lagi pasti pulang.""Kupikir aku hanya tidak mau ketinggalan bus", kata Frans sambil duduk."Tidak apa-apa", jawab Ester sambil membungkuk ke depan untuk mengambil sebuah mug di atas meja kopi.

Dengan hanya tiga kancing yang terpasang, itu memberi Frans sebuah pemandangan yang bagus akan payudaranya, kelihatan sempurna. Memperhatikan hal tersebut menjadikan Frans ereksi dengan cepat, dan dia harus lebih berhati-hati untuk menyembunyikan reaksi tubuhnnya. Ester duduk di sofa di depan Frans dan menyilangkan kakinya, memperlihatkan pahanya yang indah. Posisi duduknya yang demikian membuat pusarnya terlihat jelas ketika dia mulai bertanya pada Frans tentang perjalanannya dan bagaimana keadaannya.

"Perjalanan yang melelahkan", Frans menjawab sambil matanya menjelajahi dari kepala hingga kaki pada keindahan yang sedang duduk di depannya.

Sudah lebih dari 5 tahun sejak Frans berhubungan seks untuk terakhir kalinya. Setelah isterinya meninggal, Frans sering mencari wanita panggilan. Tetapi hal itu semakin membuat hutangnya menumpuk, dan dia tidak mampu lagi untuk membayarnya. Ester menyadari kalau kemejanya memperlihatkan beberapa bagian tubuhnya pada mertuanya, maka dia dengan cepat segera membetulkan kancing kemejanya.

"Aku harus ke atas, mandi dan segera menyiapkan makan malam. Anggap saja rumah sendiri", katanya sambil berjalan naik ke tangga.

Mata Frans mengikuti pantat kencangnya yang bergoyang saat berjalan di atas tangga dan dia tahu bahwa dia memerlukan beberapa 'format pelepasan' dengan segera. Kemudian telepon berbunyi. Frans mengangkatnya.

"Halo""Hallo, ini Papi ya?", itu Johan."Ya Jo", jawab Frans."Pi, aku khawatir harus meninggalkan Papi untuk urusan bisnis dan mungkin nggak akan kembali sampai Senin. Ada keadaan darurat. Maafkan aku soal, ini tapi Papi bisa kan bilang ini ke Ester, aku harus mengejar pesawat sekarang. Maafkan aku tapi aku akan telepon lagi nanti".

Mereka saling mengucapkan salam lalu menutup teleponnya. Lalu Frans memutuskan untuk menaruh koper-kopernya. Dia berjalan ke atas, melewati kamar tidur utama, terdengar suara orang yang sedang mandi. Frans menaruh koper-kopernya dan pelan-pelan membuka pintu kamar tidur itu lalu menyelinap masuk. Ada sepasang celana jeans berwarna biru di atas tempat tidur, dan sebuah atasan katun berwarna putih.

Frans mengambil atasan itu dan menemukan sebuah pakaian dalam wanita di bawahnya. Ini sudah cukup. Diambilnya celana dalam itu, membuka resluiting celananya, dan mulai menggosok kemaluannya dengan itu. Jantungnya berdebar mengetahui bahwa menantu perempuannya sedang berada di kamar mandi di sebelahnya selagi dia sedang menggunakan celana dalamnya untuk 'sarana pelepasan' dirinya. Dipercepatnya gerakannya sambil mencoba membayangkan seperti apa Ester saat di atas tempat tidur, dan bagaimana rasanya mendapatkan Ester bergerak naik turun pada penisnya.

Frans hampir dekat dengan klimaksnya ketika dia mendengar suara dari kamar mandi berhenti. Dengan cepat Frans meletakkan pakaian itu ke tempatnya semula dan keluar dari kamar itu. Dia menutup pintunya, tapi masih membiarkannya sedikit terbuka. Baru saja dia keluar, Ester muncul dari kamar mandi dengan sebuah handuk yang membungkus tubuhnya. Frans bisa langsung orgasme hanya dengan melihatnya dalam balutan handuk itu, lalu dia tahu dia akan mendapatkan yang lebih baik lagi.

Ester melepas handuknya, membiarkannya jatuh ke lantai, tidak mengetahui kalau mertuanya yang terangsang sedang mengintip tiap geraknya. Dia mendekat ke pintu, saat dia pertama kali melihatnya Frans memperoleh sebuah pemandangan yang sempurna dari pantat yang sangat indah itu. Kemudian Ester memutar tubuhnya yang semakin mempertunjukkan keindahannya. Vaginanya terlihat cantik sekali dihiasi sedikit rambut dan payudaranya kencang dan sempurna, seperti yang dibayangkan Frans. Dia mulai mengeringkan rambutnya yang basah dengan handuk, membuat payudaranya sedikit tergoncang dari sisi ke sisi. Frans menurunkan salah satu kopernya dan menggunakan tangannya untuk mulai mengocok penisnya lagi. Ester yang selesai mengeringkan rambutnya, mengambil celana dalamnya dan membungkuk ke depan untuk memakainya.

Saat melakukannya, Frans mendapatkan sebuah pemandangan yang jauh lebih baik dari pantatnya, dan dia tidak lagi mampu mengendalikan dirinya, dia bisa langsung masuk ke dalam sana dan menyetubuhinya dari belakang. Lubang anusnya yang berwarna
          A Flood of Myths        
Guest post

It's a story we're all familiar with. A man is divinely warned of a coming flood and is commanded to build a boat. He takes his family and all the animals on board and rides out the storm, which wipes out the rest of humanity. When the storm stops, his boat grounds itself on a mountain, and he sends out birds to see if the land is dry. He exits the boat and brings sacrifices to the deity.

Who is that man? Noach, of course! Or is it? Maybe it's Ziusudra, or Atrahasis, or Utnapishtim, or Xisuthrus. All of them are the protagonists of Ancient Near Eastern myths that suspiciously similar to Noach's story.

Isn't that amazing? Here we have proof that the mabul really happened! Independent corroboration from sources outside the Torah that Noach really built the teivah!

Except… what if their stories aren't a corroboration of Noach's? What if Noach's story and the others are corroborating Utnapishtim's story? Is there a reason to privilege Noach's story as the "real" one? It's the one we're all most familiar with, the one that appears in the Torah, and that gives it primacy in our minds. But all of these stories were part of the religious literature of their cultures, as familiar to the people who told them as Noach is to us. If we point to the other stories as proof that Hashem told Noach to build the teivah and brought the mabul to wipe out the sinful generation, doesn't that mean that the Assyrians could point to Noach and the other stories as proof that the god Ea told Utnapishtim to build a boat and the gods brought a flood to cleanse an overpopulated world?

That doesn't seem right.

While the flood myths of the ANE, including the story of Noach, differ in the names of their protagonists and in some details, they also share many similarities and even whole passages with each other, indicating that these are all retellings of the same story. They share a global flood; a god warning the protagonist, instructing him to build a boat, and to take animals aboard; the destruction of the rest of humanity; landing on a mountain; sending out birds; and the protagonist sacrificing to the god(s) after the flood.

There are other flood myths from all over the world, probably because settlements are often built next to water, and rivers, lakes, and oceans tend to flood. It is only the stories from the Ancient Near East, though, that are so similar. The differences between the ANE myths and flood myths from other parts of the world indicate that the flood myths from around the world are not a shared memory of a world-wide flood. That there are flood myths in so many different cultures indicates that this was a typical type of story for cultures to develop, and the ANE myth is no more likely to be grounded in literal history than any other. And the similarities between the ANE myths indicate that the story of Noach in the Torah is one among many versions of a popular ANE myth, no more likely to be the original than any of the other versions.

Let's look at a few of the ANE myths and at a sampling of other flood myths from around the world. I chose the world myths more or less at random from a list of dozens of myths at talkorigins.org. I picked one from each continent / region, and chose samples that were long enough to have enough details to compare to other myths, but short enough to be quickly summarized. First I'll summarize each myth, then compare them to each other in a chart.

ANE Myths
The Bible:
God warned Noach that He would bring a flood to wipe out the sinful people of the Earth and commanded him to bring aboard all of the animals, which he did. Noach, his three sons, their wives, and the animals were the only survivors of the forty day flood. After the rain stopped, Noach sent out a raven, which returned, then sent out a dove, which returned, then sent it our again, and it retuned with an olive branch, showing the water had receded. Noach left the ark and sacrificed to God. God showed Noach a rainbow as a promise that he wouldn't flood the world again.[1]

Sumerian
The god Enlil warns Ziusudra about the comng flood and tells him to build a boat and take animals and birds on board. The flood covered the Earth for a week, after which Ziusudra opened a window, allowing the sunlight in.[2] He leaves the boat and sacrifices a sheep and an ox to the gods, who grant him eternal life for preserving all of the animals.[3]

Babylonian
 The gods are concerned about human overpopulation. The god Enki warns Atrahasis that a flood was coming that would wipe everything out, and he should build a boat.  Atrahasis built the boat and brought his family, animals, and birds on board.[4]After the flood, Atrahasis makes an offering to the gods. Enki created barrenness in women and stillbirth to avoid the problem in the future.[5]

Assyrian,  The Epic of Gilgamesh (from the Royal Library at Nineveh) (Originally Sumerian)
The god Ea warns Utnapishtim of the coming flood. Utnapishtim builds a boat and brings on board his family, the craftsmen who helped him build the boat, and "all seed of life." The flood killed all the people. After the rain stopped, the boat landed on the top of Mt. Nisur, the only spot not covered by water. Utnapishtim released a dove, which returned, then a sparrow, and then finally a raven, which did not return. Everyone left the boat, and Utnapishtim sacrificed to the gods. The gods gave Utnapishtim  and his wife immortality.[6][7]

Chaldean
The god Cronos appeared to the king Xisuthrus and warned him that a flood was coming whish would destroy humanity. Cronos commanded Xisuthrus to write a history of the world, and to build a boat anf take aboard his family, friends, and all the animals and birds. When the flood stopped, Xisuthrus sent out birds, which returned. The second time, the birds returned with mud on their feet. The third time, they didn't come back. After exiting the boat, Xisuthrus found he was on the side of a mountain. He brought sacrifices to the gods.[8]

World Myths
Greek (Europe)
The god Prometheus warns his son, Deucalion, that Zeus is going to send a flood to wipe out all people, and instructs him to build a chest. Zeus floods most of Greece, and everyone is killed, except for Deucalion and his wife and a few people who fled to the mountains.[9]  After the flood Deucalion brings sacrifices to Zeus.[10]

Cameroon (Africa)
A girl was grinding flour, and allowed a goat to eat from it. In return, the goat warned her a flood was coming. She and her brother ran away. After the flood they saw their village underwater. They lived alone, until the goat returned an told them they may marry each other.[11]
(A brother and sister / mother and son / father daughter being the only survivors of their village and marrying each other is a recurring theme in these myths, and brings to mind the story of Lot and his daughters after the destruction of Sodom.)

Vogul (Asia)
The Great Woman warned the Great Man that rains were coming. The Great Man told the rest of the giants to make boats and anchor them to trees. When the rains came, all who had not made boats were killed, along with all plants, animals, and even fish. Starving, the survivors prayed to the god Numi-târom, who recreated living things.[12]

Bhil (India)
A fish warned Dhobi that a flood was coming. Dhobi prepared a box in which he rode out the flood with his sister and a rooster. After the flood the god Rama discovered Dhobi when the rooster crowed. Rama told Dhobi to marry his sister to repopulate the earth.[13]

Fiji (Oceana)
The grandsons of the god Ndengei killed his favorite bird and fled to the mountains. There with the help of some carpenters they built a fortress and withstood Ndengei's armies for three months. Ndengei flooded the earth, and the rebels prayed for help. Rokoro, the god of carpenters, brought them canoes, and they picked up survivors of the flood.[14]

Cree (North America)
While Wissaketchak was in his canoe a sea monster tried to kill him, and used its tail to create huge waves which flooded the land. Wissaketchak built a raft and gathered pairs of all animals and birds. He sent a duck to find the bottom, but it couldn't. Next he sent a muskrat, which returned with its throat full of slime.( An alterative version has Wissaketchak sending out a raven and a woodpigeon.) Wissaketchak made the slime into a disc, and this floated on the water and grew, and this is the land that everyone lives on today.[15]

Ipurina  (South America)
The birds collecting things and threw them into a kettle of boiling water. Mayuruberu, the cretor of birds, threw a stone into the kettle, which caused the hot water to splash over the side and flood the world, burning everything. All plants except the cassia tree were destroyed. The sloth crawled up into the tree and threw down kernels, which brought back the sun. The sloth asked Mayuruberu for crops, Mayuruberu brought new plants, and the Ipurina went to work in their fields.[16]


Comparison
Myth
Divine warning of flood
Builds a boat
Takes animals on board
flood wipes out all life not on boat
boat stops on mountain
sends out birds three times
sacrifices to the deity
given eternal life
ANE myths








Bible
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Sumerian
X
X
X
X


X
X
Babylonian
X
X
X
X


X

Assyrian (Gilgamesh)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Chaldean
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

World myths








Greek
X





X

Cameroon








Vogul

X

X




Bhil



X




Fiji
1. SERANGAN bersenjata Parti Komunis Malaya (PKM) ke atas Balai Polis Bukit Kepong, 35 kilometer dari Muar, jam 4.30 pagi pada 25 Februari 1950, adalah sangat berkesan dalam sejarah negara.

2. Serangan itu memperlihatkan kegigihan dan kecekalan anggota polis yang begitu kecil jumlahnya iaitu 20 orang bersama enam Pengawal Kampung (Home Guards) mempertahankan maruah sebuah institusi yang melambangkan keselamatan dan kedaulatan negara dan masyarakat. Mereka memang menjadi sasaran Parti Komunis Malaya yang meletakkan Rejimen 3 dan 4 untuk bergerak dan menguasai Johor. Serangan yang melibatkan 180-200 orang anggota Malayan Races Liberation Army (MRLA), PKM itu telah diketuai oleh Mat Indera. Dalam serangan itu Sarjan Jamil Mohd Noh, Ketua Balai telah mengetuai anak buahnya untuk mempertahankan Balai Polis Bukit Kepong, Balai Penghulu dan Berek Kelamin Polis daripada ditawan oleh komunis. Mereka tidak mahu menyerah kalah walaupun dipujuk oleh Mat Indera melalui isteri seorang anggota polis yang dapat ditangkapnya di berek kelamin.

3. Mereka tidak berganjak daripada lubang-lubang kubu pertahanan mereka walaupun seorang demi seorang anggota polis itu tercedera dan tertewas oleh peluru komunis yang datang seperti hujan menimpa bumi. Mereka berjuang selama enam jam tanpa mengira keselamatan nyawa mereka. Ada juga isteri-isteri polis yang cuba melawan membela kematian suami mereka. Namun, kudrat mereka tidak seberapa. Kekejaman komunis mengatasi segala-galanya. Mereka bukan sahaja membakar kompleks balai polis itu menjadi debu, tetapi sanggup membaling seorang anggota polis yang cedera ke dalam api yang sedang membara. Tiga orang isteri polis juga dihumban ke dalam api tanpa belas kasihan. Ada yang terpaksa berpelukan ketakutan menunggu kematian yang menyeksakan itu. Seorang kanak-kanak juga menjadi mangsa kekejaman komunis. Mereka rentong seperti arang. Hanya Yusof Rono, seorang anggota polis yang cedera parah dapat melepaskan diri untuk meminta bantuan. Dato’ Onn Ja’afar, Menteri Besar Johor dan Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Keselamatan Negeri, yang telah melawat kawasan itu menyifatkan pertahanan anggota-anggota Balai Polis itu adalah sebagai sesuatu tindakan yang sangat `determined and heroic’. Seramai 25 orang yang terkorban mempertahankan Balai Polis itu; 19 orang anggota polis dan 6 orang pengawal kampuong. Bagi Mat Indera dan PKM, ini adalah satu kejayaan besar. Mat Indera tidak rasa bersalah walaupun mereka yang dibunuh dan dibakar hidup-hidup adalah sebangsa dan seagama dengannya.

4. Mengapa Mat Indera berada dalam PKM dan terlibat dalam Peristiwa Bukit Kepong? Jika disusuri sejarah politik negara, PKM telah menjalankan satu dasar Malayan United Front iaitu satu dasar yang telah diputuskan sebelum 1948 lagi. Dalam dasar ini, PKM akan cuba menyebarkan pengaruh dan ideologi komunis kepada semua bangsa di Tanah Melayu. PKM yang ditubuhkan pada 1927/1930, selama ini hanya mendapat sokongan daripada satu bangsa sahaja sedangkan orang India dan Melayu terutamanya tidak ramai menjadi anggotanya.

5. Untuk mencapai tujuan ini, anggota PKM telah meresap masuk dan menubuhkan kesatuan sekerja, parti-parti politik serta badan-badan masyarakat yang lain. Malah mereka juga menyamar dengan nama orang Melayu dan menggelarkan dirinya sebagai Haji seperti Cheng Nan yang menyamar sebagai Haji Hashim dan bergaul dengan masyarakat Melayu di Pahang. Malah untuk menunjukkan imej kerjasama bangsa itu, Musa Ahmad, seorang kelulusan sekolah agama rakyat telah dilantik sebagai Pengerusi PKM. Beliau kemudian digantikan oleh Abdullah C.D. apabila Musa bermastautin di China. Namun, mereka adalah boneka kerana Chin Peng adalah pemegang dasar PKM.

6. Mat Indera dan ramai orang Melayu pada masa itu terpengaruh dengan dasar ini. PKM telah membakar semangat mereka dengan perasaan anti–kolonial dan anti-kuasa Barat. British yang menguasai Persekutuan Tanah Melayu dilihat sebagai penjajah yang mengeksploitasi ekonomi negara. Manakala Raja-Raja Melayu dan pembesar Melayu yang memimpin UMNO dilihat sebagai penyokong British. Ini kerana PKM telah gagal untuk mendapat perhatian British selepas Persekutuan Tanah Melayu ditubuhkan pada 1948. Sebelum itu PKM telah bekerjasama dengan British untuk menentang pihak Jepun di antara tahun 1942-1945. Ramai anggota Komunis telah diberi penghargaan oleh British. Chin Peng diberi gelaran Sir oleh British. PKM juga menyokong rancangan Malayan Union yang diperkenalkan oleh British pada April 1946. Ini kerana Malayan Union bersifat kesatuan dan republik serta menjadi tanah jajahan takluk British. Kerakyatan juga terbuka kepada sesiapa sahaja yang lahir di tanah jajahan takluk British. Rancangan Malayan Union ini dianggap progresif kerana tamadun Melayu yang terbina sejak 1273 atau 1400 dengan Kesultanan Melaka dan kerajaan-kerajaan Melayu yang lain akan terhapus. Seluruh Tanah Melayu akan dikenal sebagai Malayan Union dan diperintah oleh Gabenor yang dilantik oleh Raja England dan Wales. Ketuanan Melayu yang berpaksikan Raja Melayu akan termusnah sama sekali.

7. Ini dibantah oleh Raja-Raja Melayu dan orang Melayu yang menyatukan diri mereka dalam kongres Melayu 1946 yang menubuhkan United Malays National Organization (UMNO) atau Pertubuhan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu (PEKEMBAR). Raja-Raja Melayu dan UMNO berunding selama dua tahun sebelum British bersetuju menarik Malayan Union dan menggantikannya dengan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu pada 1 Februari 1948. British menolak Perlembagaan Rakyat cadangan PKM dan sekutunya. Inilah puncanya PKM berdendam dengan British dan memeranginya pada 1948. Orang Melayu iaitu Raja-Raja Melayu dan UMNO menjadi musuhnya. Mereka dilihat sebagai penyokong British yang melangsungkan penjajahan dan tidak memberi kemerdekaan. Walaupun pada masa itu British telah mula memberi semula kuasa pentadbiran negeri kepada Menteri Besar dan ketua-ketua jabatan kerajaan yang dilantik oleh Sultan negeri masing-masing. British hanya berjawatan sebagai Penasihat British sahaja.

8. Orang Melayu memang menolak PKM kerana serik dengan kekejaman yang dilakukannya selama 13 hari semasa mengisi kekosongan pemerintahan Tanah Melayu selepas Jepun menyerah kalah. Kekosongan itu telah membolehkan PKM keluar daripada hutan dan menguasai balai polis dan bandar-bandar serta menunjukkan kekuasaannya. Dengan senjata yang canggih, Bintang Tiga PKM menghukum penduduk kampung yang dikatakan bersubahat dengan Jepun atau melakukan kesalahan kepada mereka. Ramai Tok Guru, imam, bekas-bekas pekerja pejabat Jepun dan orang biasa yang telah ditangkap dan dibunuh. Banyak rumah yang dibakar diwaktu malam ketika penghuninya tidur nyenyak di dalamnya. Masjid-masjid juga dicemari dan al-Quran dijadikan pengesat najisnya. Ada orang Melayu yang dikurung dalam bakul keranjang mengangkat babi. Mereka di seksa, ditikam dan dikelar serta disepak seperti bola. Ada yang ditanam hidup-hidup dengan kepalanya di atas tanah untuk disepak seperti bola. Ada yang dibawa masuk ke hutan tanpa berita sehingga kini. Kekejaman komunis itu memang tidak terperikan. Ini menyebabkan kebangkitan beberapa pemimpin Melayu yang membalasnya seperti Kiai Salleh di Batu Pahat dan Cikgu Latif di Negeri Sembilan. Pergaduhan orang Melayu dengan PKM juga berlaku di Perak dan Pahang.

9. Namun, bukan semua orang Melayu melihat kekejaman KOmunis. Mereka yang inginkan kuasa politik tetap bersekongkol dengan PKM. Golongan ini menolak Fiudalisme dan mahukan kemerdekaan seperti kebanyakan negara-negara Asia Tenggara, terutamanya Indonesia yang telah mendapat kemerdekaan dengan menentang Belanda pada 1945. Pengaruh Indonesia ke atas orang Melayu di dalam bidang persuratan dan politik memang tidak dapat dinafikan. Malah ada yang telah menubuhkan cawangan parti politik Indonesia di Tanah Melayu seperti Ibrahim Haji Yaakob, yang mendakwa telah menubuhkan cawangan Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI) di Maktab Perguruan Sultan Idris (MPSI), semasa beliau belajar di sana. Malah beliau telah bekerjasama dengan Presiden Sukarno untuk merdeka bersama Indonesia pada 15 Ogos 1945 di bawah tajaan politik berkuasa tentera Jepun. Beliau telah menubuhkan Kesatuan Melayu Muda (KMM) dan kemudiannya Kesatuan Rakyat Istimewa Semenanjung (KRIS) untuk menunjukkan minatnya untuk merdeka dalam Indonesia Raya atau dipanggilnya Melayu Raya. Beliau kemudian mendapat perlindungan politik dan menjadi orang penting di Indonesia di bawah pemerintahan Presiden Sukarno. Beliau kemudian bersama-sama terlibat untuk mengganyang Malaysia di bawah pemerintahan Presiden itu pada tahun 1963.

10. PKM melihat ada ruang untuk membawa orang Melayu bersamanya menentang British. Mengikut Ahmad Boestamam sendiri dalam bukunya, bahawa PKM telah datang berjumpa dengannya untuk memberi bantuan modal bagi menjadikan akhbar Suara Rakyat itu sebagai bahan propaganda menentang British. Beberapa ketika kemudian PKM telah meminta Ahmad Boestamam menubuhkan sebuah parti sosialis khas untuk orang Melayu; namun Ahmad Boestamam mencadangkan parti tu dinamakan Partai Kebangsaan Melayu Malaya (PKMM) supaya ia mudah diterima oleh orang Melayu. Parti itu ditubuhkan sempena sambutan genap setahun kemerdekaan Indonesia dicapai. Bendera Indonesia 'Sang Saka Merah Putih' dan lagu Indonesia Raya menjadi jata rasminya. Parti itu dipimpin oleh Mokhtaruddin Lasso, seorang anggota Parti KOmunis Indomesia (PKI).

11. Ahmad Boestamam kemudian menubuhkan Angkatan Pemuda Insaf (API) yang menggunakan slogan "Merdeka Dengan Darah". SEbuah bahagian wanita ditubuhkan dengan nama Angkatan Wanita Sedar (AWAS) yang dipimpin oleh Shamsiah Fakeh, isteri Ahmad Boestamam. Barisan Tani Malaya (BATAS) dan Barisan Buruh Malaya juga ditubuhkan. Ke semua ini kemudian bergabung dalam Pusat Tenaga Rakyat (PUTERA). Mereka bekerjasama rapat dengan PKM (1946-1948) untuk menentang British dan UMNO yang sedang berunding untuk menubuhkan sebuah Persekutuan Tanah Melayu bagi mendapatkan semula negeri dan kedudukan politik seperti sebelum 1941. Kalau dahulu Ibrahim Yaakob bekerjasama dengan Jepun untuk merdeka bersama Indonesia, tetapi kini sebilangan kecil orang Melayu yang masih memperjuangkan Melayu Raya/ Indonesia Raya, bekerjasama dengan Parti Komunis Malaya untuk mendapat kedudukan dan kuasa politik.

12. Mat Indera termasuk dalam kumpulan ini. Beliau percaya bahawa British itu penjajah. Beliau dengan itu menjadi anggota API dan sama-sama bergerak di bawah payung PUTERA dan PKM. Apabila British mengisytiharkan Darurat pada JUn 1948, semua parti itu terharam. Anggota PKMM, API, AWAS, BATAS dan Barisan Buruh Malaya yang menjadi anggota PUTERA, dengan itu memilih untuk ikut sama berjuang dengan PKM secara gerila di dalam hutan. PKM menubuhkan Rejimen 10 Khas untuk orang Melayu yang bergerak bersamanya. Abdullah C.D. menjadi ketuanya dan pusat gerakannya di Temerloh, Pahang. Di anggarkan seramai 300 orang termasuk wanita menjadi anggotanya. Ini termasuklah Manap Jepun, Wan Ali, Wahi Annuar, Shamsiah Fakeh, Ibrahim Chik dan ramai lagi. Ahmad Boestamam telah ditahan lebih awal manakala DR. Burhanuddin bergerak di Singapura. Pada bulan Disember 1950, Dr. Burhanuddin terlibat dalam kes Natrah dan dipenjarakan selama beberapa tahun di Singapura oleh British. Ternyata Mat Indera dan kumpulannya telah menjadi anggota dan penyokong PKM yang mengangkat senjata untuk menegakkan ideologi komunisme. Mereka menjadi kuda tunggangan KOmunis.

13. Kebangkitan sejata PKM itu telah ditentang oleh tenaga-tenaga muda anak-anak kampung yang bekerja sebagai POlis, Polis Khas (Special Constable) dan Polis Simpanan. Mereka menyahut seruan untuk menjaga keselamatan dan keamanan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu. Mereka sanggup menggadai nyawa untuk memburu pengganas komunis di hutan belantara walaupun gaji yang diterima sangat kecil. Seramai 161, 281 orang anggota Polis yang terlibat dalam penentangan terhadap pengganas komunis itu. Asakar Melayu juga memainkan peranan yang penting dalam usaha mengatasi ancaman komunis itu. Tiga Batalion telah ditubuhkan untuk menentang komunis dalam Darurat 1948-1960. Bersama-sama dengan pasukan anggota KOmanwel yang lain (British, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Gurkha dan Afrika), Askar Melayu dan pasukan Polis tempatan telah menentang sejumlah 12,500 pengganas komunis yang mengangkat senjata itu. Operasi ketenteraan British dan orang tempatan itu di samping tindakan-tindakan lain, telah berjaya memburu komunis sehingga akhirnya mereka terpaksa beroperasi kebanyakannya di sempadan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu dan Thailand pada 1953, menandakan kekuatan PKM dan penyokong-penyokongnya (Rejimen 10) telah dapat di atasi. Mat Indera kemudian dapat ditumpaskan oleh Askar Gurkha.

14. Pada tahun 1963/1967, PKM bangkit bagi kali kedua. Parti itu bekerjasama dengan PKI untuk mengganyang Malaysia. Di dalam negara pula, PAS pimpinan DR. Burhanuddin dan Parti Rakyat Malaya pimpinan Ahmad Boestamam sama-sama menentang penubuhan Malaysia di atas dasar Malaysia adalah neo-kolonialisme dan agenda blok Barat. Revolusi Brunei di bawah A.M. Azahari telah diadakan bagi menentang penubuhan Malaysia. Bagaimanapun, Malaysia terus dibina dan PKM dan PKI gagal untuk mendapat kuasa politik. Dalam Peristiwa 13 Mei 1969 sekali lagi menunjukkan campurtangan PKM melalui kerjasamanya dalam parti-parti politk ekstrim yang membangkitkan isu-isu perkauman dan sensitif. Ia mengambil peluang untuk mendapatkan kuasa politik secara kekerasan. Persitiwa 13 Mei telah menyaksikan pertumpahan darah antara kaum di Kuala Lumpur; beratus-ratus orang awam terkorban akibat rasa marah yang tidak terkawal. Pihak tentera dan polis serta komando sekali lagi bertugas menjaga keamanan negara.

15. INi bermakna PKM dan para penyokongnya termasuk Mat Indera tidak berhenti-henti cuba menegakkan ideologinya, dengan menggunakan kekerasan senjata untuk mendapat kuasa politik. Mereka yang mempertahankan keamanan itu adalah anggota polis dan tentera yang bekerja keras bergadai nyawa untuk kesejahteraan masyarakat terbanyak. Dengan kegigihan mereka memburu komunis di hutan belantara, maka ancaman pengganas komunis itu dapat diatasi. Kedaulatan dan kemerdekaan negara dapat dipertahankan. Apakah mereka pembelot bangsa.? Adakah patut Mat Indera dianggap pejuang apabila dia sanggup bersekongkol dengan komunis dan membiarkan bangsanya dan agamanya dimusnahkan? Mengapa pula orang seperti Mat Sabu sanggup mengagungkan penjenayah dan tidak berterima kasih kepada mereka yang telah berjuang menegakkan keamanan sehingga beliau mampu untuk menjadi wakil rakyat pada hari ini? Janganlah memesongkan sejarah dan menghina bangsa demi kepentingan politik peribadi..


Oleh,

Prof Datuk DR. Ramlah Adam

Dekan Fakulti Sains Pentadbiran dan Pengajian Polisi

Universiti Teknologi MARA


          Kelly Slater Wins Volcom Fiji Pro, Takes ASP WCT Rankings Lead        

Kelly Slater (USA), 41, has won the Volcom Fiji Pro over Mick Fanning (AUS), 31, in pumping six-to-eight foot (2 metre) barrels at Cloudbreak, simultaneously launching to No. 1 on the ASP World Championship Tour (WCT) rankings.

The post Kelly Slater Wins Volcom Fiji Pro, Takes ASP WCT Rankings Lead appeared first on SURFER Magazine.


          Hennessy X.O Odyssey @ DC Restaurant, TTDI        

Hennessy X.O Odyssey @ DC Restaurant, TTDI


It's still on, an innovative showcase of unrivaled heritage and innovative vision, Hennessy X.O Odyssey available to public from July 18th to August 15th, every Tuesday to Sunday at DC Restaurant. Following the success of Hennessy X.O Odyssey in 2016, the celebrated culinary platform returns in 2017 to stimulate and delight the palates of Malaysia’s most discerning gourmands. I had the good fortune of savouring it recently, so do read on below on what to expect. 

Hennessy X.O Odyssey @ DC Restaurant, TTDI
Hennessy X.O Odyssey @ DC Restaurant, TTDI



This year, Hennessy X.O Odyssey will be center-staging Chef Darren Chin who has been tasked with creating an immersive experience to invoke a phenomenal awakening of the senses. Having cooked professionally for 14 years, and trained in France for two years, Chef Darren Chin combines classical French and modernist techniques to present ingredients at their best. 


Hennessy X.O
Hennessy X.O
Chef Darren Chin
Chef Darren Chin

Handpicked by the House of Hennessy, Chef Darren Chin has been tasked to curate and capture the essence of Hennessy X.O by articulating its seven tasting notes in a seven-course tasting menu that will be made available to epicures from July 18th to August 15th at DC Restaurant.

Hennessy X.O Odyssey Menu @ DC Restaurant


Don't play play, these are great noms!
Don't play play, these are great noms!

Commenting on what diners can look forward to, Chef Darren Chin said “Hennessy X.O Odyssey 2017 will present an eclectic mix of courses which encompasses texture, flavor combinations and respect for what the land as to offer (terroir). This menu was created to showcase the versatility of Hennessy X.O as an unrivalled paring for gastronomy. The inclusion of Japanese snow crab and botan ebi draws out the sweetness in Hennessy X.O whilst the savory course of silky tender Italian veal tenderloin perfectly accentuates Hennessy X.O’s flowing flame.”

Savour the offering of Hennessy X.O Odyssey
Savour the offering of Hennessy X.O Odyssey


The menu for this year’s Hennessy X.O Odyssey features the below:

Sweet Notes

Botan Ebi with heirloom tomato granite : Konbu : Lemon Basil : Chili oil
Botan Ebi with heirloom tomato granite : Konbu : Lemon Basil : Chili oil
A shot from the top 

We started off our Hennessy X.O Odyssey meal with some sweet notes in the form of the Botan Ebi with heirloom tomato granite. It's an eclectic mix of refreshing flavours thanks to the Lemon Basil with a dash of Chili oil. Lovely. This dish is paired with Hennessy X.O, Cognac, France, on the rocks. 

Infinite Echo & Wood crunches 


Takao cold somen with Ogawa Bafun Uni & truffle celeriac cream paired with Hennessy X.O, Cognac, France, with a splash of water
Takao cold somen with Ogawa Bafun Uni & truffle celeriac cream paired with Hennessy X.O, Cognac, France, with a splash of water
Spring Galician octopus : Green gazpacho : Burnt leeks in dark rye crumbs
Spring Galician octopus : Green gazpacho : Burnt leeks in dark rye crumbs

Up next we had Takao cold somen with Ogawa Bafun Uni & truffle celeriac cream paired with Hennessy X.O, Cognac, France, with a splash of water, and the delectable Spring Galician octopus : Green gazpacho : Burnt leeks in dark rye crumbs paired with Hennessy X.O, Cognac, France – With warm water. Interesting, it's those rare times when I have Hennessy with warm water. The flavours came really well together!

Spicy Edge


Snow crab consommé infused with lemon balm
Snow crab consommé infused with lemon balm

One of the highlights for the evening, part of the Hennessy X.O Odyssey menu, the Spicy Edge: Snow crab consommé infused with lemon balm. We had these Japanese snow crab served with White asparagus, Culantro Nam Kim and Gochujang hollandaise. Taken with Hennessy X.O, Cognac, France with a splash of water, luxurious indeed. 

Flowing Flame & Rising Heat


Organic chicken : Bertutu spice : Celeriac-carotene sauce : Grilled heirloom parsnips
Flowing Flame - Organic chicken : Bertutu spice : Celeriac-carotene sauce : Grilled heirloom parsnips
Italian veal fillet poached in milk and lightly grilled foie gras : Red kampote pepper emulsion
Rising Heat - Italian veal fillet poached in milk and lightly grilled foie gras : Red kampote pepper emulsion

‘Hennessy X.O Odyssey is an incomparable multi sensory cognac experience venturing across Hennessy X.O’s seven chapters characterized by Sweet Notes, Rising Heat, Spicy Edge, Flowing Flame, Chocolate Lull, Wood Crunches and Infinite Echo that bring to life our cognac’s taste and feel. It is a true reflection of the Maison’s heritage epitomizing the harmony between nature and craftsmen where each drop of Hennessy X.O is an odyssey in itself,” said Mathieu Duchemin, Managing Director of Moet Hennessy Diageo.

Chocolate Lull - 100% Arabica coffee ice cream, Spiced hairy banana : M’hencha : Lemon Chantilly
Chocolate Lull - 100% Arabica coffee ice cream, Spiced hairy banana : M’hencha : Lemon Chantilly

Dessert, a must for many. We ended our fine meal at DC Restaurant with the Chocolate Lull - 100% Arabica coffee ice cream, Spiced hairy banana. Spiced Hairy banana you say? Another first for me! Sweet, unique, interesting, we paired this dessert with more Hennessy X.O, Cognac, France, this time having it neat. 

Describing the collaboration, Chef Darren Chin said “The menu is a clear expression of chef and cognac as one entity. Not only have I found a balance with Hennessy X.O, I have created a menu that is luxurious, bold and utterly decadent.”

This innovative showcase of unrivaled heritage and innovative vision is available to the public from July 18th to August 15th, every Tuesday to Sunday at DC Restaurant and is priced at RM888++ per guest with pairings of Hennessy X.O. For reservations, kindly contact 03- 7731 0502 or 012- 223 2991. 



          Youth and Sustainable Development Strategies - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
This program provides strategies for Youth Sustainable Development Projects. It is also explores the need to raise awareness about sustainable development for young generations, addressing the importance of the balance between development process and environmental protection. In this program, we present the key role that young people can play towards the sustainable development. As stated in Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 1992: "Principle 21: The creativity, ideals and courage of the youth of the world should be mobilised to forge a global partnership in order to achieve sustainable development and ensure a better future for all."

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Increase your knowledge of the sustainable development and environmental issues that affect youth around the world.
Provide you with the skills that will enable you to contribute to positive change in the present state of the environment.
Work with a youth group to design and undertake an environmental/ sustainable development-related project.
Enable you to lead and support group activities that will help to promote environmentally sustainable development.
Design a project that gives clear expression to the principles of sustainable development.
Evaluate projects in terms of their contribution to sustainable development.

Who Should Attend?

Professionals of environment and Sustainable development departments.
Youth Workers, in government departments, corporates and NGOs.
Student activities coordinators.
Professionals responsible for policy formulation and strategy development in youth focused organizations.
Young Leaders
Schools and universities educators.

Program Outline

Day 1
Youth and sustainable development
Opportunities for young people
International Youth Federation (IYF)
The Caribbean Youth Environment Network (CYEN)
Youth as initiators
Youth as activists
The social environment
The relationship between the environment and development
Youth concerns and Responses

Day 2
Sustainable Development Project Elements
Environmental
Economic
Socio-cultural
Technological
Sustainable Development Strategies
The World Resources Institute model
Environmental and technological objectives
Economic and socio-cultural objectives
Socio-economic and cultural objectives
Ecological objectives

Day 3
The World Bank approach
The sustainability matrix
Sustainability as opportunity
Youth and Sustainable development Practical Case Studies
Young Conservationists Club (YCC), Thailand
Fiji National Youth Council (FNYC)
Association of Friends of Nature Clubs (ACAN), Cameroon
JEMS, St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Cost:

Certified


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          Imperial Margarine: critique of books by Niall Ferguson        
by Robin Blackburn [from New Left Review 35, September-October 2005]

http://www.newleftreview.net/NLR26908.shtml



The often disappointing results of decolonization have bred a revisionism that forgets why colonialism was discredited in the first place. The British historian Niall Ferguson became an outstanding popularizer of this current with the publication of Empire: How Britain Created the Modern World and Colossus: the Rise and Fall of the American Empire. Written as if to teach us statesmen and citizens how to be good imperialists, they have become bestsellers, and an obligatory reference point in debates on empire. Their author—who in an important earlier work, The Pity of War, had shone a withering spotlight on the patriotic militarism of the Great War—has gone in quick succession from Oxford to New York University, and thence to Harvard.


Ferguson’s attention to economic history is welcome, since it is a sub-branch of the discipline ignored only at great intellectual cost. He is more cautiously to be commended for calling empire by its name. He believes that Britain invented capitalism and, with it, what he sees as the most valuable ideas and institutions of the modern world—the English language, private property, the rule of law, parliamentary structures, individual freedom and Protestant Christianity. Admirers would see inclusion of Protestantism as an example of impish fun, tweaking the tail of the politically correct, but we can be sure that Ferguson is quite serious. The complacent British self-regard of Empire easily segues into endorsement for American national messianism in Colossus, with the Anglo-American imperial formula—which he dubs ‘Anglobalization’—offering the colonized the best hope of capitalist success. As a historian of the English-speaking peoples Ferguson seeks to rescue Winston Churchill’s account from its contemporary entombment in countless forbidding leather-bound volumes. He offers a pacier narrative, garnished with good quotes from the great man; but the neo-conservative gloss he adds to the Churchillian vision would surely have inspired reservations in someone who, after all, helped to found Britain’s welfare state. By contrast, Ferguson sternly insists in Colossus that if the us is to make a success of empire it will have to cut social programmes to the bone.


Ferguson’s claim about the decisive contribution which empire makes to development is meant to hold for the future as well as the past. But the evidence he relies on is very selective: the only empires he really has time for are those of Britain and the United States. His failure to introduce any proper comparative dimension is in striking contrast to the serious attention he gives to all the major belligerents in The Pity of War. While he exhibited a command of a wide range of German and Austrian sources in that book, the bibliographies of Colossus and Empire do not include a single work not in English. The overall decline in the quality of Ferguson’s work between Pity and these two later books is a performative rebuttal of his faith in the magic of the market, since they were hastily produced in response to demand.


While good yarns make Empire readable, Ferguson misses, or misconstrues, crucial aspects of imperial logistics and political economy. It is quite a feat to write the history of the British empire and omit any real discussion of the Royal Navy during the critical period 1650–1815. This is Henry v without the battle of Agincourt. Only a quite modern state could have built, manned and supplied a permanent force of over a hundred ships of the line. If Ferguson has consulted the work of N. A. M. Rodgers—an author whose outlook he would find very congenial—he could have given readers a glimpse of what life aboard an 18th-century warship was really like and explained why the British outgunned the French. And if he had consulted Robert Brenner’s Merchants and Revolution and John Brewer’s Sinews of Empire—authors he might find less congenial—he could have achieved a better grasp of the economic foundations. Likewise, Ferguson gives a lively sketch of the us empire in the days of ‘manifest destiny’ and the ‘big stick’ in the early chapters of Colossus, but pays little attention to the huge diplomatic and economic effort that subsequently went into the construction of a global chain of military bases (an aspect well covered by Chalmers Johnson in Sorrows of Empire). The suspicion grows, confirmed by his enthusiasm for Bush’s invasion of Iraq, that Ferguson, like other neo-conservatives, is seduced by the romance and rhetoric of empire, but when it comes to its logistics and economic rationale he is in denial.


The rhetoric and romance are dark-hued. Ferguson allows that Anglo-American empire involved much destruction and atrocity—but with ultimately beneficial results. His case is that dragging the world into modernity was—is—bound to be a very difficult and ugly proceeding. Those on the receiving end of Anglo-American imperialism are lucky since at least British and American imperial tutelage proved more benign than that of other modern empires, such as the Germans, the Japanese, the Soviets, or even the French, Portuguese and Spanish—though little is heard of these. If you could find an Algonquin or native Tasmanian descendant they would probably not agree. Ferguson does not shrink from considering the crimes of colonization—one chapter in Empire is called ‘White Plague’—but he constructs a sort of cosmic balance sheet in which, as with the Bank of England in its heyday, the credits comfortably outweigh the liabilities; the empire’s misdeeds are redeemed by its eventual achievements. Someone had to foster the advance of capitalism and representative institutions, and the international order has to be policed by someone. Surely John Bull and Uncle Sam did—and do—a better job than any likely alternatives?


Ferguson more than once reminds us of the culminating moment, justifying all that had gone before, when the British empire stood alone against Nazi barbarism. His apology for the imperial past is projected into an unending future, as if we were forever frozen in the year 1940, facing the grim alternatives that were then present. (There are, of course, still many Britons—some, like Ferguson, not even born in 1940—who will go to their graves stammering about the ‘finest hour’.) While he rightly draws attention to the imperial nature of Britain’s war effort he fails to register the growing disenchantment with empire of many Britons, especially soldiers—as witness the proceedings of the Cairo ‘armed forces parliament’ in 1944.


The empires of the modern period slighted the humanity of subject peoples, and sacrificed the latter to the insatiable demands of a capitalist accumulation process. In these respects they marked a step down from their supposed model, since Rome did not foster racial hierarchy, did not expose peoples’ livelihoods to market forces and eventually extended citizenship to all. Ferguson sees it differently. He admits that Britain’s ‘first empire’ was marred by pillage and rapine, with a swollen slave trade from Africa, looted cities in the Americas and horrendous famine in Bengal. But the settlement of the North American littoral was a great achievement and a more responsible imperialism, born in the 1780s, was able to purge the empire of its early excesses and to discover more graceful ways of letting go than were in evidence in 1776.


This approach misses the systemic features of imperial exploitation of the colonized and enslaved. Consider Ferguson’s treatment of colonial slavery. He readily acknowledges that the slave trade was an abomination and briefly evokes the ‘sweet tooth’ of the British consumer. But he fails to explain why there were so many more British than, say, Spanish or French, consumers, even though the obvious answer is that his beloved capitalism had made far greater inroads in Britain than on the continent. At one point in Empire he bizarrely says, of a country that had blazed the trail of capitalist agriculture, that it was ‘economically unremarkable’ in 1615.


Ferguson’s favoured theme is empire’s economic success and yet he ignores the enormous contribution made by plantation slavery to British economic growth in the 18th and early 19th century. Empire contains no account of the working day of slaves on Caribbean sugar plantations, nor of how such slaves kept body and soul together, nor of the value of slave produce in imperial and European trade—around a third in 1801–2. Attending to these aspects would have confirmed some of his most cherished theses—but at the expense of others. Thus trade with the plantation zone furnished Britain with a large mass of profits, elements of a new world of exotic consumption (sugar, tobacco, dye stuffs) and the crucial raw material for the Industrial Revolution (cotton), as well as an important market for British manufacturing exports. Other parts of the Atlantic system—the fisheries, the New England provision merchants, the slave traders—all contributed to an Atlantic boom based on slave toil as much as on domestic wage labour. If he wished, Ferguson could have gloried in the fact that this Atlantic traffic in slaves and slave produce was propelled by the momentum of free trade, spilling beyond the borders of an increasingly ineffective mercantile system. The very term laissez faire was coined by a colonial trader. But he overlooks this and instead exaggerates the role of the chartered companies.


Ferguson’s focus on the slave trade and neglect of what fuelled it gives a new twist to the dictum of a great imperial historian, whose work he ignores. Eric Williams, the West Indian nationalist leader, author of Capitalism and Slavery (1944) and long-time prime minister of Trinidad, once observed that British historians often wrote as if their country had only undertaken the largest branch of the Atlantic slave trade of any colonial power ‘in order to have the satisfaction of suppressing it’. Ferguson is light on sanctimony—unabashed relish in imperial might is more his style. But he offers consolation too: ‘what is very striking about the history of the Empire is that whenever the British were behaving despotically, there was almost always a liberal critique of that behaviour from within British society.’ His method here is uncannily reminiscent of what Roland Barthes, in Mythologies, called ‘Operation Margarine’:

take the established value which you wish to restore or develop and first lavishly display its pettiness, the injustice which it produces . . . then . . . save it in spite of itself, or rather by the heavy curse of its blemishes . . . the Established Order is no longer anything but a Manichean compound and therefore inevitable, one which wins on both counts, and is therefore beneficial.


Barthes’s term is an hommage to a French fifties tv ad which first concedes that the oily yellow spread is an unappealing substitute, but then insists that those brave enough to try it will be pleasantly surprised. The analogy strikes a chord here both because British consumers bought margarine from Unilever, a quintessentially colonial company, and because colonialism was, at best, an inferior substitute for modernization.


Ferguson’s abstracted account of the slave trade is followed by a salute for evangelical abolitionism, nicely evoked in the life of John Newton, and for the spirit of the Clapham Sect. We never learn how or why the abolitionists eventually prevailed, nor does he describe the contribution of the anti-Establishment brands of Non-Conformity, whose role in the 1830s was more important than that of the Clapham Sect. Ferguson is happier recounting the brutal deeds of pirates and slave traders than he is with taking the measure of an accumulation process that sponsored a gigantic—and in some ways very modern—system of forced labour, with meticulous record-keeping and close invigilation. Ferguson’s own moral book-keeping is suggested by a brief comment on the colonial contract labour of the late 19th century: ‘There is no question that the majority of [indentured labourers] suffered great hardship . . . But once again we cannot pretend that this mobilization of cheap and probably underemployed Asian labour to grow rubber and dig gold had no economic value.’ Or as ‘Operation Margarine’ has it: ‘What does it matter, after all, if Order is a little brutal or a little blind, when it allows us to live cheaply?’


India was the mud-sill of the second British empire just as slavery had been of the first. Modern scholarship endorses nationalist historiography’s bleak verdict on British rule in the sub-continent, which de-industrialized India and fatally weakened its agriculture. The work of Amartya Sen, recently extended and developed by Mike Davis, has now given us some explanation for the recurring famines in British India, with millions dying of hunger in the 1870s, 1890s, 1900s and 1940s. A political order that excluded the huge majority of Indian subjects, and a colonial government blinded by laissez-faire economics and Malthusian beliefs about over-population led to repeated disaster. Ferguson, however, treats the famines of the 19th- and 20th-century Raj as a minor issue, taking place off-stage and quite uncharacteristic of the exalted conduct of the Indian Civil Service. After a sympathetic account of the lordly but lonely status of the imperial official running a province, Ferguson observes in a footnote: ‘It is fashionable to allege that the British authorities did nothing to relieve the drought-induced famines of the period.’ The belittling use of the word ‘fashionable’ apparently excuses him from addressing the argument. Instead he supplies an example of another lone Magistrate of the Second Class, rendering the angst and ‘hearty breakfast’ of the ics man with feeling while leaving unplumbed the reasons for the hopelessly inadequate official response. Ferguson believes that decolonization was hasty and premature nearly everywhere, and likes to point to the often disappointing results of independence as justification for a new imperialism. But in the case of India he fails to confront the fact that independence did end the ravages of mass famine. The empire’s failure simply to keep many millions of its Indian subjects alive is a profound challenge to his central argument.


Without leaving the familiar confines of national historiography, Ferguson would nevertheless like to make large claims for British, and later American, empire. He draws on David Landes’s Wealth and Poverty of Nations to establish the key preconditions of economic advance. Distilling what he has gleaned from Landes, Ferguson identifies a set of crucial institutional ingredients for successful development. The ruling power should secure rights of private property and personal liberty; enforce rights of contract; and provide stable, honest, moderate, efficient and non-greedy government. Colonial rule delivered these conditions and persuaded investors that their money was safe.


If we assemble a list of the most dramatic examples of economic breakthrough and advance it soon becomes clear that the items listed by Ferguson and Landes are optional; indeed, that candidates should be advised, like those taking an old-fashioned exam paper, to attempt only two questions. Britain 1750–1830; the United States 1790–1860; Germany 1870–1923; Japan 1880–1940; Russia 1890–1914 and 1930–50; France 1950–70; Spain 1960–90; the South East Asian ‘tigers’ 1960–90; China 1980–2004. It is regrettable but true that several of these industrializing societies scored highly on corruption and greed, and would have low marks for human rights, democracy and clarity of property rights. But indubitably each of these states was possessed of that real independence which, by definition, colonies do not enjoy. Indeed these transformative episodes bear out Paul Baran’s classic argument in The Political Economy of Growth (1954) that autonomous states would be best able to attain economic progress.


Notwithstanding an empire that covered a quarter of the world’s land surface, the British had little success in spreading the institutional package Ferguson mentions except to colonies of settlement in North America and Australasia. (The survival of parliamentary democracy in India could be counted only in part, since it was, after all, the Indian nationalist movement which pressed for and utilized representative structures in the colonial period.) As Ferguson acknowledges, the economic advance of these regions was based on wholesale dispossession of the natives. Apparently he sees the latter as redeemed in the long run by the economic and political progress that it made possible, rather as fellow travellers believed that Stalin should be condoned because of the Dneprostroi Dam and victories of the Red Army.


The destruction of native peoples by European conquerors provoked the memorable indictments of Las Casas and Montaigne, Voltaire and Chateaubriand. But these are not mentioned by Ferguson—perhaps on the grounds that they were insufficiently Protestant and Anglo-Saxon. Instead he asks rhetorically how the settler–native encounter could have had any other result. And however brutal the history of Anglo-Saxon settler colonialism and ethnic cleansing, he urges that it was not as deliberate and cruel as Nazi and Stalinist imperialism. Formerly, enlightened apologists of empire would lament the disappearance of indigenous peoples. But today’s imperial realists have no time for such mawkishness. Ferguson brusquely insists that the ‘Anglicization of North America and Australasia’ was one of the British empire’s great achievements.


The subtitle of Empire—How Britain Made the Modern World—should have given Ferguson some pause since the sad state of the world does indeed reflect the legacy of Britain’s empire and of other modern imperiums. Many of the most intractable communal divisions were deliberately fostered, if not invented, by the imperial policy of divide and rule; while at a deeper level, the division of the world into rich and poor regions was first established by empire. Any enumeration of the world’s most dangerous and difficult communal conflicts would include the stand-off between Pakistan and India, and the Arab–Israeli clash. The partition of Cyprus and the still unresolved conflict in Northern Ireland, the deep racial tensions in Guyana and Fiji would also figure on such a list. In the post-apartheid era, the racial legacy of empire and colonization is being gradually dismantled in South Africa, but problems remain in many parts of the continent. Ferguson urges that ethnic sentiment and division long preceded colonization. He rightly observes that expatriate colonizers were often the driving force behind injurious racial privileges and distinctions. Yet liberal imperial strategists from Locke to Gladstone went along with colonial racism because that is what empire was based on. Nor does he register the fondness of imperial administrators for cultivating the so-called ‘martial races’ at the expense of other colonial subjects. Whitehall policy-makers did not always like the results their strategies produced and the communal fault lines were not always of their making, but imperial favouritism nevertheless has much to answer for—after all, they were in charge. (Likewise, today’s neo-imperialists bear some responsibility for aggravating communal divisions in the Balkans and Iraq.)


The division of the world into rich and poor regions roughly follows the former boundaries between imperial and colonized areas, even though it has sometimes been partially counteracted or qualified by resistance or by prior institutional or natural endowments. The colonial experience weakened the ability of the colonized to negotiate an advantageous relationship to the emergence of a capitalist world market, and often condemned them to subordination and neglect. In Colossus, Ferguson cites the disappointing performance of most ex-colonies as part of his case for empire, when it would be more logical to conclude that the empires did not, in fact, really equip the colonized with survival skills. The poor record of Britain’s African former colonies leads him to plead that ‘even the best institutions work less well in excessively hot, disease-ridden, or landlocked places’. He concedes that India’s overall annual rate of growth between 1820 and 1950—0.12 per cent—was pitifully low but refuses to hold selfish imperial arrangements responsible because ‘the supposed “drain” of capital from India to Britain turns out to have been comparatively modest: only around 1 per cent of Indian national income between the 1860s and the 1930s, according to one estimate of the export surplus.’ But obviously a country growing at only 0.12 per cent a year would have had many good uses for that 1 per cent lost annually. Ferguson himself points out that Britain’s school-enrolment rate was eight times that of India’s in 1913.


Empires did not invent the uneven development of capitalism but they did much to consolidate it. Having inherited or established a hierarchical structure of advantage, they reinforced it. Plantation slavery, for instance, brought great wealth to some in the Atlantic colonies, but it did not generate sustained and independent growth in the plantation zone, as the post-emancipation experience of the us South, Caribbean and Brazilian North-East testify. The infrastructural improvements made by empires were those needed to facilitate the movement of troops and the export of commodities; other purposes were disregarded, often to catastrophic effect. In a process which Mike Davis has called ‘the origins of the third world’, Western incursions into China from the Opium War onwards weakened the Qing authorities and prevented them from maintaining the country’s vital system of hydraulic defences. With its customs service run by a consortium of foreign powers, China suffered a de-industrialization almost as severe as that of India.


Ferguson’s neoliberal agenda leads him to scant the way that non-Anglo-Saxon empires promoted economic integration and coordination by non-market means. In an off-the-cuff remark in Empire explaining ‘why it was that Britain was able to overhaul her Iberian rivals’, he fails to explain the source of Spanish wealth but says of Britain that ‘she had to settle for colonizing the unpromising wastes of Virginia and New England, rather than the eminently lootable cities of Mexico and Peru’. Both the Spanish and the British certainly looted American silver and gold. But Ferguson does not explain how this rival species of empire worked and seems to regard it as economically less impressive than the record of British settlement. Spanish administrators were, in fact, innovators who mainly relied on wage labour to mine and process the silver ore. In place of simple ‘looting’ they adopted a tribute system, echoing Inca and Aztec arrangements, which required native villages to supply either labour, foodstuffs or textiles to the royal warehouses. The king claimed a fifth of the silver mined. But he garnered much more by offering mining concessions and selling the tribute food and clothing in his warehouses to the wage-earning miners. It was this ingenious system, not looting, which sustained a highly profitable system of exploitation for nearly three centuries. This was just one example of the productive organization promoted by Iberian imperialism and explains why the Mexican and Peruvian elites were so reluctant to break with empire. With Spanish American independence all such coordination ceased, and entry into Britain’s informal ‘empire of free trade’ led to economic stagnation or regression.


Empires could promote a limited and usually self-interested species of colonial development. Often, as today, the imperial impulse stemmed from overweening confidence and missionary zeal as much as from sober calculation of material gain. When empires spread they did so partly because they could, partly because they were operating within a rivalrous multi-state system, and partly because, in metropolitan regions where capitalism was taking hold, consumers wanted colonial products. The Chinese imperial authorities did not bother to colonize Africa, though it would have been perfectly possible for them to do so. Starting with the Portuguese, the European maritime empires entered the lists, firstly because they saw an advantage they did not want to yield to others and secondly because those newly in receipt of rents, fees, profits and wages had a thirst for exotic commodities.


The emphasis which Ferguson puts on the imperial export of a neoliberal institutional package places him squarely in the camp of those who believe that modernization and bourgeois democratic revolution can be introduced from outside. But in Colossus he warns that, as presently configured, the American imperial project suffers from fatal flaws since the us public is not willing to make the sacrifices necessary for it to succeed. On the one hand, very few elite or middle-class Americans are willing to spend many years of their life in far-away places introducing the natives to the secrets of Anglo-Saxon civilization. On the other, and despite mounting deficits, the us voting public is wedded to increasingly expensive entitlement programmes like Social Security and Medicare which simply leave no budgetary room for extensive overseas imperial missions.


Ferguson argues that Ivy League graduates will not flock for duty in distant and inhospitable outposts as graduates of Oxford did in the early 1900s: ‘America’s brightest and best aspire not to govern Mesopotamia but to manage mtv; not to rule the Hejaz but to run a hedge fund.’ Like a number of his sallies this may be amusing, but also misleading. In a new book, Imperial Grunts, his fellow conservative Robert Kaplan shows how the us political economy and commercial culture furnish conditions which offer many openings to Army recruiters. From Kaplan one learns that in the newly occupied lands, the visiting embedded journalist will be greeted with the cry, ‘Welcome to Injun country!’ Kaplan evidently finds the soldier’s life as stimulating as do, he believes, those who signed up because they could not find other work or because it might offer them the chance of a college education later. He writes that those who have not experienced combat have missed something of the ‘American experience’, something ‘exotic, romantic, exciting, bloody and emotionally painful, sometimes all at once’. Indeed Kaplan writes that ‘it was ironic to keep reading stories about unhappy, over-deployed reservists, because those in the Special Operations community whom I had met here and in Eastern Afghanistan were having the time of their lives’. Kaplan is no Kipling, but Ferguson underestimates the culture industry’s ability to maintain a supply of ‘imperial grunts’.


He likewise underestimates the ability of the us education system to act as a magnet for overseas students who, under certain conditions, may well act as servants of American corporations, or ambassadors for liberal institutions or neoliberal economics, when and if they return to their home countries. So the personnel deficit may not, in itself, be decisive. There is the difficulty, however, that overseas graduates and PhDs may be convinced liberals yet fail to see how us imperialism is really promoting the values they have imbibed in its universities and colleges. They could well be swift to detect hollow or cynical uses of the rhetoric of liberation, especially if they remain affected by the national culture of their homeland.


Ferguson believes that the United States today faces a classic ‘guns or butter’ dilemma. If it faces up to its world responsibilities—as he hopes it will—then he believes it must take the axe to its domestic social programmes; ‘guns and margarine’, as it were. If Americans can steel themselves to sacrifice comfort at home they might just be able to live up to their destiny overseas. The ‘entitlement crisis’—the difficulty of honouring the promises embodied in the Social Security and Medicare programmes—is greatly exaggerated by Ferguson and neo-conservative economists like Peter Peterson and Laurence Kotlikoff. On the other hand, liberal and radical analysts often go too far in playing down the likely cost of baby-boomer retirement and medical care in an ageing society. After all, the number of Americans aged over 65 is set to rise from 36 million in 2002 to 70 million in 2031.


Of course, a rich society like the us could absorb all likely ageing costs if it was prepared belatedly to follow the advice tendered by Representative Schuyler Colfax in 1862 and find a way to exact a levy on the presently untaxed mass of large share-holdings. (Colfax advocated a levy on stock-holdings in the same speech as that in which he successfully pleaded for an income tax, the first in us history.) The real problem is not an absence of resources to be mobilized but, as with France’s Ancien Régime in 1788, the ability of wealthy individuals and corporations to protect themselves from effective taxation. As I have suggested elsewhere, the best way of forcing corporations to pay their share to the upkeep of a social infrastructure from which they all benefit would be to adopt the share levy proposed by Rudolf Meidner, the former chief economist of the Swedish trade unions. Requiring corporations to donate shares each year equivalent to a tenth of their profits to collective social funds would be one way to prepare for the financial strains of an ageing society.


Ferguson’s hostility to Social Security chimes in with Bush’s floundering attempt to initiate privatization of the programme, as demanded by so many neo-cons and neoliberals. It is almost as if war and empire are not being undertaken for the stated reasons, but for domestic purposes, because only war fever, and a climate of fear, can render acceptable the sacrifice of working- and middle-class social protection. Thus regime change and aggression abroad sets the scene for social counter-revolution at home. In The Shield of Achilles, Philip Bobbitt, perhaps a more influential writer and thinker than Ferguson, chillingly announces that a defining feature of the new ‘market state’ will be that it will no longer feel bound to protect the welfare of its citizens. There is a further synergy here between domestic and foreign policy. Just as it used to be said that Britain’s empire was ‘a system of out-relief for the aristocracy’—who filled all those governorships—so today the string of overseas bases is workfare for those who cannot find a decent job at home.


Many of the flaws and fantasies of the neo-imperial project stem from the domestic revolution which it seeks to project on the wider world. Thus the government of an advanced country can raise real resources through the privatization of national assets. But in the context of an underdeveloped, even if resource-rich, society, a programme of privatization simply benefits the large foreign companies who have the money to buy state assets. Ferguson exaggerates the gains made by colonized peoples in the imperial epoch. But the colonial states not only built railways and harbours; they also set up marketing boards and stabilization funds for key colonial products. The neo-imperial project wants to make such state initiative impossible.


Ferguson supported the overthrow of Saddam Hussein and the occupation of Iraq because they would help to bring the Middle East under American control—he still argues this as justification for the war in Colossus. In pursuit of this objective the occupation has dismantled much of the Iraqi state, established a lien on its assets, partitioned the country and set the scene for a tangle of bloody conflicts, some nationalist, some anti-imperialist, and some virulently communalist. The occupation has incurred the hostility of huge numbers of Iraqis who loathed Saddam. This became clear on the second anniversary of the overthrow of Saddam on 10 April 2005, when 300,000 Iraqis demonstrated in Baghdad for the withdrawal of the occupying forces. So far as the scourge of terrorism is concerned, the illegitimate us presence has only served to exacerbate the problem. The jihadis led by Al-Zarqawi are neither numerous nor popular but they can only be isolated by a strong, indigenous, broad-based and unimpeachably Iraqi government—not by an uneasy alliance of us lackeys and Iranian stooges. The us invasion has cost 100,000 lives and brought about a rapid deterioration of public services that were already badly damaged by bombing raids and sanctions. Oil output is trickling and vulnerable. Only Kurdistan might offer the us the possibility of secure bases—but then it would have done so without an invasion. A hard-boiled observer such as Ferguson should have to conclude that the game is not worth the candle.
          Jake el “hombre cocodrilo" y el predicador backman         
El predicador cristiano Alexander Backman en una conferencia mostró esta imagen y dijo lo siguiente:
“hoy en día han estado haciendo estas cosas, como era antes. Se llama “ZILLA" esta abominación que crearon antes, mitad serpiente mitad humano. Esto fue fotografiado en Arabia Saudita por soldados. Estaba vivo hey!! ¿Ok? Entonces cuando les hablamos de Abominaciónes ahí están, si existen". 
¿Cuál es la criatura tan horrenda que vemos en la imagen?


Es conocido como Jake “el hombre cocodrilo". Es la fusión entre el esqueleto de un mono y un cocodrilo, esta en exhibición en el “Marsh's Free museum" en Long Beach, Washington.

El usuario “Tuberman33" subió en Youtube un vídeo de la criatura en el Museo.
Destaco la fotografía que pusieron en la vitrina, confirma que la fotografía mostrada por Backman y que circula en Internet es de la criatura que esta en este Museo.

El “hombre cocodrilo" es similar a los trabajos de taxidermia como la “sirena de fiji" de Barnum.

Portada del periódico satírico Weekly World News

Los entusiastas han inventado historias alrededor de la criatura, como que apareció vivo en un pantano de Florida. Otros que es un monstruo de la ingeniería genética, o que apareció en Medio Oriente.


En la misma línea de “Arte Taxidermista" podemos encontrar a Juan Cabana. Su trabajo lo podemos apreciar en thefeejeemermaid.com

Referencias

Conferencia de Backman - https://youtu.be/eLRynejC5s8
Minuto 35:00

Información sobre el Museo y la criatura Aqui
          Predicting the Impacts of Anthropogenic Disturbances on Sensitive Species Using Trait-Based Analysis        

Freshwater ecosystems in tropical oceanic islands are highly vulnerable to species loss from human disturbances, such as deforestation and introduced exotic species. A key challenge for designing appropriate species conservation measures is measuring the impact of multiple disturbances. Most conservation measures group species by taxonomic ranking to predict their response to disturbances. But, in a recent study in Freshwater Biology, scientists with the SNAPP Ridges to Reef Fisheries working group propose a better predictor is grouping species by similar functional traits, such as habitat preference and diet.

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          INSIDER: Tracking Adaptation at the National Level: Making Progress in Fiji        

INSIDER: Tracking Adaptation at the National Level: Making Progress in Fiji

As the Paris Agreement begins to be implemented, countries are starting to put their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) into action. Most NDCs include an adaptation goal, and countries will be required to report on progress made toward it. In addition, many countries already have National Adaptation Plans and other national or sectoral policies and plans in place, against which adaptation progress is measured.

There are several reasons why countries need to plan carefully to track their progress: effective tracking helps to ensure that adaptation interventions that have been implemented are indeed increasing resilience; can guide future efforts by indicating which measures really work; and can help to attract additional funding by validating progress. Although countries have begun trying to assess adaptation progress at multiple levels, such as national, regional or portfolio scales, there is no single clear methodology that is right for all contexts.

Measuring Country Progress on Adaptation Is Complex

In order to know whether progress on adaptation is being made at the national level, countries need to consider tracking adaptation in two ways simultaneously: progress based on national-level adaptation policies and plans, and progress stemming from on-the-ground adaptation projects. Although NDCs and other policy frameworks are national, adaptation projects are most often implemented at the local scale.

Adaptation projects can take on a range of forms in order to meet the specific needs of the context, depending on who is vulnerable, what impacts of climate change are they facing, and non-climate factors that may influence success, such as economic and demographic changes. The implementation of projects is often overseen by donors, each of whom monitors and evaluates progress differently. This makes understanding the full nationwide picture of adaptation progress challenging.

Countries therefore need to have a framework or system that considers both policy-driven adaptation actions and local adaptation projects. Such a framework needs to work at multiple scales and utilize existing data systems and processes. Implementing such a framework is challenging, as it necessitates intense coordination across adaptation project implementers and government agencies, as well as a great deal of data, which requires sufficient capacity to collect, manage and analyze.

Keeping all these issues in mind, as part of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) Readiness Programme, WRI has supported several activities in Fiji to help the country to improve its ability to track adaptation progress. Developing a strong monitoring and evaluation system is a critical step to acquiring climate finance from global funds, such as the Green Climate Fund, because in order to receive funds, countries must demonstrate their ability to track how climate resilience is being built.

WRI created a conceptual multi-scale framework for tracking and reporting on national adaptation progress and tested it in Fiji. The framework is ambitious and requires serious consideration of the data management and institutional coordination required to track adaptation progress for the country as a whole. The framework includes guidance at each step, but is fairly broad and non-prescriptive in nature.

Notably, feedback we received after sharing the draft framework with relevant government agencies in Fiji indicates that before they could implement the proposed framework, government agencies required additional capacity building on the concepts of climate change adaptation and monitoring and evaluation.

Building capacity to track adaptation progress is critical

<p>Workshop attendees gathered in Fiji to discuss monitoring and evaluation. (UNDP)</p>

Workshop attendees gathered in Fiji to discuss monitoring and evaluation. (UNDP)

To this end, WRI conducted a two-day workshop in Fiji in December 2016 to train government agencies on key concepts surrounding monitoring and evaluation adaptation activities. At the workshop, WRI reviewed Fiji’s draft National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS) objectives and asked participants to link local project-level monitoring and evaluation efforts to these strategies at the national level, to draw out for discussion current limitations and successes in sharing data from local- or agency-levels to the national level.

During the workshop, WRI also facilitated a conversation about the institutional relationships between the likely GCF National Implementing Entity in Fiji, the Fiji Development Bank, and the Ministry of Economy’s Climate Change Unit (CCU), as these institutions will need to work together to implement framework system to track adaptation progress in Fiji. Discussions among CCU and other ministries revealed several challenges, such as difficulty coordinating among agencies to collect data, storing data so that it does not get lost, inaccuracy of data and inability to share data. The CCU is helping to address several of these challenges by building a data gathering and sharing system using existing Fijian government resources.

Key recommendations for Fiji and other countries as they begin to build their capacity and data systems for tracking adaptation progress at the national level include:

  • Work at both the national and local levels simultaneously, building on existing national strengths and systems to develop a monitoring and evaluation system. To do this, it’s helpful to have a general “end state” multi-scale framework in mind from the beginning, to use as a road map or compass without being overly prescriptive.
  • In order for the monitoring and evaluation system to work, ministries need to provide data. It is critical to have an open discussion among ministries about types of data that could be shared since there is a tendency for some to be “territorial” about data. Without cooperation and sharing of data among ministries, it will be very difficult to assess the extent to which adaptation is reducing vulnerability and building resilience at various scales.
  • Keep in mind the multiple uses for findings on national-level progress on adaptation, including reporting on NDC progress, strengthening national level adaptation planning, and having a competitive edge for accessing climate finance in the future.

However, before any of these recommendations for building data systems and implementing monitoring frameworks can be put into place, countries need to assess their current levels of knowledge of, and capacity to act on, climate change adaptation. WRI’s experience in Fiji has shown how critical it is to ensure that government agencies are well-equipped with this baseline of knowledge and capacity before implementing a system to gauge national-level progress on adaptation. This capacity is especially critical as countries gear up to request and program additional climate finance to build resilience.


          Hello world!        

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          LOS HOTELES MAS CAROS DEL MUNDO        



Esta es una exclusiva lista solo reservada para unos pocos privilegiados, aquellos que no dudan en pagar 35.000 dólares por noche. Ese es el precio medio de estos 10 hoteles que se han hecho un hueco entre los hoteles más caros del mundo.
10) The Apartment (El Apartamento) en el hotel The Connaught de Londres. Precio medio por noche: 23.500 dólares por noche. 285 metros cuadrados.
the apartment
The Apartment ha sido recientemente remodelado. Es un ático del hotel The Connaught. Tiene dos dormitorios y ha sido diseñado para que el huésped se sienta como en la casa de un coleccionista. La sala de recepción está llena de una gran variedad de arte. En esta exclusiva suite se pueden encontrar libros de edición limitada.
Ofrece un servicio de mayordomo las 24 horas del día. Se puede organizar una cena privada a cargo de la chef francesa Hélène Darroze (dos estrellas Michelín). Haz click aquí para reservar.
9) Suite Presidencial del Hotel Cala di Volpe. Ubicación: Porto Cervo, Italia. Precio medio por noche: 26.000 dólares. 450 metros cuadrados.
Situada en la glamurosa Porto Cervo, fue creada en la década de 1960. Cuenta con tres dormitorios, un solárium, un gimnasio y una gran piscina privada. La suite está decorada en el estilo clásico romántico sardo, con techos de vigas y suelos de terracota. Una gran terraza ofrece vistas panorámicas a la costa azul y brillante. Haz clic aquí para reservar.
8) Shangri-La Suite, en el hotel Shangri-La Bosphorus. Ubicación: Estambul, Turquía. Precio promedio por noche: 26.385 dólares. 366 metros cuadrados.
Shangri-La Bosphorus
La Shangri-La Suite, de dos dormitorios, es la única habitación en el ático del hotel con vistas al romántico estrecho del Bósforo. La suite cuenta con tres terrazas privadas y separadass. El cuarto de baño, revestido de mármol, tiene una calefacción por suelo radiante y televisión de 19 pulgadas integrada en el espejo. Los artículos del tocador son de Bulgari. Haz clic aquí para reservar.
7) La Suite Presidencial del Mandarin Oriental Pudong de Shanghai, China. Precio medio por noche: 26.450 dólares. 788 metros cuadrados.
La Suite Presidencial en el Mandarin Oriental Pudong ocupa la mayor parte del piso 25 del hotel.Este apartamento de dos dormitorios tiene su propia bodega de vinos privada, una cocina totalmente equipada, una sala de reuniones privada y un comedor.
Solo el baño es más grande que la mayoría de los apartamentos de Hong-Kong. Tiene 50 metros cuadrados y está equipado con artículos de lujo en su tocador. Hay dos jardines en la azotea privada con increíbles vistas de toda la ciudad, si la contaminación no está demasiado concentrada ese día.
Haz clic aquí para reservar.
6) La Royal Suite del Hotel Plaza Athénée. Ubicación: París. Precio medio por noche: 27.000 dólares. 450 metros cuadrados.
Royal Suite
Hace dos años esta Royal Suite tuvo un cambio de imagen completo. Los interiores fueron remodelados por Marie-José Pommereau, co-fundadora de la versión francesa de la revistaArchitectural Digest y conocida por su trabajo en decorar algunas de las mejores casas de Francia. El resultado: una decoración clásica inclinada hacia el período de Regencia del siglo XVIII, con instalaciones de alta tecnología, incluyendo televisiones ocultas detrás de los espejos, un jacuzzi y un baño turco. La suite cuenta con cuatro habitaciones con baño, tres salas de estar y una cocina independiente.
Haz clic aquí para reservar.
5) La RoyalVILLA, en elGRAND RESORT LAGONISSI. Localización: Atenas, Grecia. Precio medio por noche: 35.000 dólares. 410 metros cuadrados.
royal villa
Únete a la cola, detrás de Leonardo di Caprio y Mel Gibson, para reservar esta suite. Un lugar de vacaciones muy disputado entre las celebridades internacionales.
La Royal Villa del Grand Resort Lagonissi combina el glamour del Mediterráneo con la decoración griega clásica. La villa tiene dos dormitorios principales, cada uno con una chimenea, y un baño de mármol de gran tamaño (con un baño para las visitas adicional).
Cuenta con mayordomo privado que se queda en una habitación de servicio con entrada independiente. Para los amantes del sol hay una terraza a nivel del mar para tomar el sol de manera privada. Cuenta también con un gimnasio totalmente equipado.
Haga clic aquí para reservar.
4) La suite Penthouse del GrandHYATT Cannes Hôtel Martinez. Ubicación: Cannes, Francia.Precio medio por noche: 37.500 dólares. 180 metros cuadrados.
suite Penthouse
Este clásicoHOTEL ART Deco en el Boulevard de la Croisette fue inaugurado en 1929 por Emmanuel Michele Martínez, hijo del barón Giovanni Martínez. El año pasado fue vendido al grupo hoteleroHYATT. En el séptimo piso del Martínez está la fabulosa suite Penthouse, con dos dormitorios completos, baños de mármol, una sala de estar y comedor extra grandes. Una terraza privada de 290 metros cuadrados con jacuzzi ofrece vistas fabulosas de la bahía de Cannes.
Haga clic aquí para reservar.
3) Hilltop Estate en Laucala IslandRESORT. Ubicación: Isla Laucala, Fiji. Precio medio por noche: 40.000 dólares. 1.200 metros cuadrados.
Hilltop Estate
El complejo consta de 25VILLAS de gran lujo con acceso privado-playa. Los huéspedes en la isla gozan de comida gourmet y un masaje de bienvenida en el spa.
La residencia es propiedad del multimillonario de Red Bull, Dietrick Mateschitz pero cuando se queda vacante, está disponible para alquilar. Haz clic aquí para reservar.
2) Ty Warner Penthouse enFOUR SEASONS HOTEL. Ubicación: Nueva York. El precio promedio por noche: 45.000 dólares. 400 metros cuadrados.
Ty Warner Penthouse
Cada centímetro de esta suite está cuidadosamente cuidado, desde las almohadas de seda japonesa del siglo XVIII a la extensa biblioteca con cientos de volúmenes sobre el arte y la cultura. La suite cuenta con su propio conserje de arte privado.
En la ciudad de los rascacielos, es laHABITACIÓN DE HOTEL más alta de Nueva York, con increíbles vistas de 360 grados. Haz click aquí para reservar.
1) Suite Royal Penthouse en elHOTEL President Wilson. Lugar: Ginebra, Suiza. Precio medio por noche: 67.000 dólares. 1.800 metros cuadrados.
Suite Royal Penthouse en el Hotel President Wilson
Los suizos son expertos en productos de lujo. Cuando hacen algo, lo hacen bien. Estamos hablando de 12 habitaciones palaciegas completas con 12 baños de mármol y una terraza que abarca toda la suite con vistas panorámicas sobre el lago Ginebra y los Alpes suizos.
Baños con televisiones de plasma, el piano de cola Steinway y, por supuesto, una colección de arte cuidadosamente seleccionada. El Royal Penthouse es un favorito entre los VIPs y políticos. Según informes, los huéspedes más famosos han incluido a Bill Clinton, Michael Jackson, Richard Branson, Bill Gates y Rihanna. Y, al ser suizo, la seguridad es sin igual: con ventanas a prueba de balas y un ascensor privado.

          National Agents Alliance Makes A Difference At Ratu Ilaisa Memorial School In Fiji        

National Agents Alliance, with the help of Foresters, an international life insurance provider committed to the well-being of families, donated new desks, tables, bookshelves and backpacks filled with personal necessities to Ratu Ilaisa Memorial School In Fiji.

(PRWeb September 22, 2012)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/national-agents-alliance/fiji/prweb9931359.htm


          A Short History of Lemuria        


A Short History of Lemuria


The legend of Mu is found on islands all over the Pacific Ocean. For thousands of years the Polynesians have handed down the story of a continent in the Pacific that was motherland of mankind.

The name of Mu somehow sounds like an uninteresting contraction of a more exotic name. In contrast, the word Lemuria invokes a picture of a land at the dawn of time, a land forgotten in our histories but not in our dreams.

The name Lemuria resulted from a Nineteenth Century controversy over Darwin's Origin of the Species. Defenders of Darwin had trouble explaining how certain species became distributed over large areas. Zoologists had a particularly difficult time explaining the distribution of the lemurs. The lemur is a small primitive form of primate found in Africa, Madagascar, India, and the East Indian archipelago. Some zoologists suggested a land mass in the Indian Ocean, between Madagascar and India, millions of years ago. An English zoologist, Phillip L. Schlater, proposed the name Lemuria (LEMURia) for this former land of the LEMURS in the Indian Ocean.

Earnst Heinrich Haeckel (1834-1919), a German naturalist and champion of Darwin, used Lemuria to explain the absence of fossil remains of early man: If man originated on a sunken continent in the Indian Ocean, all the fossils of the missing link are now under the sea. To quote Haeckel: "Schlater has given this continent the name of Lemuria, from the semi-apes which were characteristic of it."

Zoologists have now explained the distribution of lemurs without resorting to the use of a land bridge. And anthropologists have discovered many bones of ancient man in Africa. However in the nineteenth century, Haeckel's theories were widely read and respected. As a result, the name Lemuria was well known among educated people in Europe and America.

Madame Elena Petrovna Blavatsky (born Helena Hahn 1831-1891), the founder of Theosophy, in her book The Secret Doctrine (1888), claimed to have learned of Lemuria in The Book of Dzyan, which she said was composed in Atlantis and shown to her by the Mahatmas. However, in her writings she did give Philip Schlater the honor of inventing the name, Lemuria.

Mme Blasvatsky located her Lemuria in the Indian Ocean about 150 million years ago. She may have obtained her ideas of a sunken land in the Indian Ocean from Sanskrit legends of the former continent of Rutas that sank beneath the sea. But the name Rutas sounds too spiritless and uninspiring to have held such a prominent place in cosmic history.

She described the Lemurians as the third root race to inhabit the earth. They were egg-laying beings with a third eye that gave them psychic powers and allowed them to function without a brain. Originally bisexual, their downfall came about after they discovered sex.

The English Theosophist W. Scott-Elliot, who said he received his knowledge from the Theosophical Masters by "astral clairvoyance", writes in The Story of Atlantis & The Lost Lemuria (1896), that the sexual exploits of the Lemurians so revolted the spiritual beings, the Lhas, that they refused to follow the cosmic plan of becoming the first to incarnate into the bodies of the Lemurians. Scott-Elliot located his Lemuria not only in the Indian Ocean: He described it as stretching from the east coast of Africa across the Indian AND the Pacific Oceans.

In this century, writers have increasingly placed Lemuria in the Pacific Ocean. Even psychics and modern prophets channel beings who were citizens of Lemuria. Today just about everyone who has heard of Lemuria assumes that the legends of Mu are identical with the English zoologist's land of the lemurs.



Approximately 14,000 years ago, the culture known as Lemuria was thriving. There were also other cultures on Earth, such as Atlantis, which were thriving as well. The holy people or the prophets of the Lemurian culture began to be aware that something was going to be changing. They began receiving information that the Earth was going to go through a very dramatic shift. The shift that they were referring to was what you call the Great Flood. You've also called it the destruction of Atlantis. These holy people of Lemuria were very much in touch with the land. They were the ancient ancestors of the Native Americans. They began to be aware that it was very important that the knowledge from Lemuria be preserved. And so for about 2,000 to 3,000 years, they were preparing for this great cataclysm. They began spreading their teachings about the Earth and about mankind's history to as many people as they possibly could. They believed that if they could spread this information to as many people as possible, the information would be stored within the cells of the human bodies. Then it would never be forgotten.

They also began to store information in crystals. These crystals were taken deep within the Earth to be stored and preserved. These ancient Lemurians also began to create detailed maps of the underground tunnels that existed between power points on your planet. They also took the time to prepare their plans. They knew that they would receive a sign telling them it was time to go underground before the floods came. So they prepared themselves for these several thousand years to be the sacred keepers of the records of Earth. They knew it was very important that the information they held be saved for when the waters receded, otherwise the entire history of Earth and the sacred teachings of the Lemurians would have been lost forever.

These holy people received their signs and began going underground. This occurred approximately one year before the flood. While underground, they learned to live there and use the underground environment for their sustenance. They built very supportive and loving communities underground. During that year, they did the final work involved in preserving some of the knowledge that they knew needed to be preserved.

Then the flood came. All these people who were underground were safe from the waters, even though many, many people on the surface of the Earth perished. When the waters receded, the people emerged from underground. The land they once knew was now very different. This emergence from the Earth is the point at which the Native Americans' creation history begins. In a very literal sense, they did emerge from the Earth. Most of the native peoples have lost the exact literal memory of this emergence, but within the highest ranks of the shamans, this knowledge is still passed on.

Now, we tell this story from the point of view of the Native Americans, but they were not the only people who went underground. The holy people all around this planet went underground. For instance, the Aborigines in Australia and those who were later to become the Druids in England were all preserving their knowledge underground as well. The Druids were preserving the ancient Atlantean information, as were the Egyptians. But the native peoples of the Pacific area, including Asia, were preserving the Lemurian information. These native peoples, even today, hold within themselves this sacred knowledge. Some of it is conscious but most of it lies in the subconscious. The Ainu of Japan are one of the tribes that preserved some of the knowledge. There was a great cooperation among all of these peoples on Earth to make sure that the sacred teachings were never lost.

The rise and fall of the Lemurian civilization cannot be accurately documented, though many have gone in quest of this mythological continent. Lost civilizations have been known to rise and fall - or just appear and disappear without explanation. As with Atlantis one can only speculate as to what happened, based on archaeological evidence, legends, theories pieced together by researchers, and for some, metaphysical channelings.

The exact location of Lemuria varies with different researchers and authors, though it is part of the mysteries of the Pacific region flowing into the American continent, just as Atlantis is linked to the Atlantic land areas that stretch to the Mediterrean Sea. Wherever you believe the location of Lemuria to be, it is linked with the Ring of Fire. This area has become active with a Tsunami in December 26, 2004, powerful earthquakes and volcanoes that continue, after being dormant for many years. It would seem that the legends of ancient Lemuria speak to us once again with warning signs - as they supposedly did to the Lemurians - before the continent - or group of islands - fell into the sea.

The fate of Lemuria, also known as Pacifica, Mu, and what Cayce called Zu or Oz, is not unlike that proposed for Atlantis. It is much like the destiny of humanity foreseen in our timeline by prophets of old and modern-day clairvoyants. The legends are all the same ... a thriving, advanced culture that suddenly manifested out of nowhere. Their origins and downfall are linked to destruction when their continent sank beneath the 'sea' due to natural cataclyms and human imbalance.

Possible Physical Evidence of Lemuria


Stone monuments of mysterious origin dot the entire Pacific, from Japan's underwater site at Yonaguni, to cryptic Petroglyphs on Hawaii's Big Island, to Easter Island among sacred and megalithic sites

Many believe that Easter Island was part of Lemuria. Its hundreds of colossal stone statues and written language point to an advanced culture, yet it appeared on the world's most remote spot. The legends of Easter Island speak of Hiva which sank beneath the waves as people fled.

Samoans called a similar place Bolutu. It was stocked with trees and plants bearing fruits and flowers, which were immediately replaced when picked. On Bolutu men could walk through trees, houses, and other physical objects without any resistance.

The Maoris of New Zealand still talk about arriving long ago from a sinking island called Hawaiki a vast and mountainous place on the other side of the water.

Does the discovery of the Hobbit of Flores - in October 2004 - two months before the tsunami and earthquakes - in any way link to Lemuria?

There are various dates for the Lemurian timeline - some placing it millions of years ago - while others define the Lemurian era as roughly 75,000 to 20,000 B.C. - prior to Atlantis. Others speculate that Atlantis and Lemuria co-existed for thousands of years.

The idea of the Lemurian continent first appeared in the works of Augustus Le Plongeon, (1826-1908) a 19th century researcher and writer who conducted investigations of the Maya ruins in the Yucatan. He announced that he had translated ancient Mayan writings, which allegedly showed that the Maya of Yucatan were older than the later civilizations of Atlantis and Egypt, and additionally told the story of an even older continent of Mu, whose survivors founded the Maya civilization. Later students of the Ancient Maya writings argue that Le Plongeon's "translations" were based on little more than his vivid imagination.


Metaphysics and Metaphors


Reality is Myth and Metaphor - Magic and Mirrors - stories created in 'time' for the experiencer - projected through the eye or lens of the camera into the matrix to be perceived consciously as if virtual reality. ALL is projected illusion in the Alchemy of Time and Consciousness - ALL are parallel running programs through which we consciously experience simultaneously.

Programs have inserts. If a civilization is an insert in a grid program - that could explain why fully evolved civilizations suddenly spring up out of nowhere - the 'sea of creation' - the flow of the collective unconsciousnes - or the consciousness grid that creates realities. If time is an illusion - all programs are running simultaneously. Therefore you are experiencing many civilizations at the same time. This often explains the feeling of Deja vu - or why some souls are drawn to live in a specific region and feel at home there.

Sumer is an example of a programmed insert that sprang out of nowhere as an advanced civilization - then disappeared.

There are those who believe that Lemuria suddenly appeared with a full-blown culture. This has spawned many interesting theories, including visits from extraterrestrials who introduced a new species of genetically engineered humans to replace their slow-witted ancestors. This too links with other creational theories about humans being seeded by gods or aliens.

Most of what is written is a metaphor - linking to the patterns of creation - sacred geometry. It is about spiraling consciousness that moves from higher frequencies of thought - a higher harmonic - to slower - lower frequencies as we experiencing many places at the same time. All realities are created based on the numeric blueprint of sacred geometry - consciousness - the Golden Mean - Phi Ratio.

Metaphors
Let's examine the metaphors in the theories below ....

Channelers speak of Lemurians as originally coming from higher frequency - then descending into third dimension for a physical experience. TThis parallels our human experience through the spiraling patterns of consciousness and a feeling of change that is taking hold with human conscousness at this time. We were originally higher frequency beings in spirit form who have descended into physical beings to experience linear time and emotion.

Planet Earth is the third planet from the sun. It is physical - Reality experienced in third dimension - 3D. Some researchers consider the Lemurians the 'third root race'. They believe that we are the fourth root race - 4=4th dimension=time] soon to become the 'fifth root race' as we move into a Golden Age.

The descended Lemurians allegedly remained here for thousands of years - which seems odd - as they did not mark time in years as we do. All of the timelines would be wrong.

Their continent sank into the sea killing the physical souls. This is a metaphor for the souls returning to the sea of consciousness - the Lemurian grid program insert - and seeking new experiences in new forms of light or physical embodiment.

Many see the end of a program - and the evolution of consciousness as the movement into a Golden Age - gold being a metaphor for Alchemy of Consciousness into awareness - the blue [electricity - the blueprint of our reality] and the gold [metal - magnetics.]

Lemuria sank into the sea - ocean = flow of the collective unconsciousnes - which are the grids that comprise our realities on many levels. To 'sink into the sea' is to move one's consciousness from one reality to another. Power movement of water - tsunami of consciousness - the creational flood stories - amphibious gods from the sea - consciousness frozen in time or an 'Ice Age' between programs. Then we have the - meltdown of the polar icecaps. Electromagnetic energy - poles - polarity - bi-polar experiences - pole shifts on the planet and in conscousness - at Zero Point.

Duality Atlantis and Lemuria - inserts created by electromagnetic energy grids - duality of experience. Does one continent represent the feminine energies and the other the masculine?

Mythology and Metaphysics
Return to the Goddess / Priestess / Feminine / higher frequency energies - Lemuria is often called Mu which sounds a lot like 'Moo' which takes us to 'cow goddesses' - in particular Hathor an ancient Egyptian creational force. In Gaul we find Damona, Goddess of fertility and healing. Her name means "divine cow". Cow Goddesses were linked to fertility and abundance. In the Celtic realms we find the Goddess of the river, Boyne which means 'Mistress of the white cows'. Boann is a Goddess of bounty and fertility whose totem is the sacred white cow.

As with most ancient and lost civilizations - Lemurians would build pyramids or ziggurats - step pyramids - linking them to their gods who live above [on higher frequency]. These would be places of worship and sacrifice, or landing areas for spaceships. Pyramidal structures symbolize spiraling consciousness and ascension to the place of the gods and goddesses who reside 'above' our reality in a higher plane of existence. Is there a link for the Lemurian and the Mayan pyramids?

Lemurian Seed Crystals


Another theory is based on the notion of 'seed crystals' in which the knowledge and story of Lemuria was encoded and stored in seed crystals just before Lemuria fell. Later - in our timeline - the crystals would be discovered and their messages revealed helping those who find them reember their fated destiny and how it parallels our experience. Are these crystals linked to the Mayan or other Crystal Skulls?

In conclusion - I believe that the story of Lemuria - and other lost and ancient civilizations - and religious ideologies are part of humanity's quest to remember that we are not physical beings searching for our spiritual selves - in as much as we are soul sparks of light having a physical experience - which is about the end / evolve back into higher frequencies of consciousness and total understanding of the nature of reality.

Theories About Lemuria

Anglo-American explorer, James Churchward was a close friend of Auguste and Alice Le Plongeon. James Churchward, in books such as The Lost Continent of Mu (1931), wrote that the Motherland stretched from the Hawaiian Islands to Fiji and from Easter Island to the Marianas.

Churchward wanted an ancient civilization of his own, and using Le Plongeon's doubtful methodology set about 'discovering' one. His findings were set down in the five main volumes of the Mu series published in from 1926 - 1931. The basic premise was by studying various ancient texts Churchward had discovered the existence of a long lost continent with an advanced civilization that approximately 60,000 years earlier had sunk below the Pacific Ocean after a cataclysmic earthquake. Sixty-four million people allegedly died. The Hawaiian Islands and the Pacific Islands are the remaining mountain peaks of the lost continent.

Volume #1 - The Lost Continent of Mu set out Churchward's theory utilizing a "vast knowledge of science, ancient art and history, mythology and the occult" to recreate the splendor and doom of this hidden antediluvian world. Lemuria or Mu was about 5,000 miles long and 3,000 miles wide. The Garden of Eden was not in Asia but on a now sunken continent in the Pacific Ocean. The Biblical story of Creation came first not from the peoples of the Nile or the Euphrates Valley but from this now-submerged continent, Mu - the Motherland of Man.

Volume #2 - The Children of Mu is the story of the pioneers of Mu. Sixty-three million people lived on the now lost continent of Mu over 200,000 years ago. The children of Mu became the most influential people on Earth. Mu had an incredibly sophisticated government, flowering culture and scientific technology. Much of the Lemurian civilization lived in homes with transparent roofs. They built shelters, made clothing, food, and their own tools. They were free from stress and disease, living in peace for hundreds of years. Their psychic abilities were highly developed - telepathy, astral travel and teleportation making traditional communication devices unnecessary. They were primarily a vegetarian, agricultural, outdoor, organic culture that worked in harmony with nature and the land.

Volume #3 - The Sacred Symbols of Mu, this volume talks about the occult origins of ancient and modern religions. All religions have a common origin in the Sacred Inspired Writings of Mu. The Lord's Prayer is to be found in The Sacred Inspired Writings of Mu. Evidence of the Mu religion dates back 170,000 years. These teachings were taught by Osiris, Moses, and Jesus. Moses condensed the forty-two questions of the Osirian religion into the Ten Commandments. Jesus condensed the text to suit the language of his day. The Last Words of Jesus on the cross were in the language of Mu, 'unknown in Palestine'.

Volume #4 - The Cosmic Forces of Mu - Biological evolution is a myth, There is no such thing as atomic force. All disease can be conquered by using appropriately colored light rays. The Earth's temperatures and seasons have become inalterably fixed in their present state and that the Earth cannot be hurled off into space or drawn into the sun.

Volume is #5 - Second Book of the Cosmic Forces of Mu - Churchward continues to draw conclusions from the ancient documents and lore of Mu to present some startling revisionist theories about the age of the Earth, the nature of mountains and volcanic processes, the Ice Age and Flood.

The Rosicrucians
The Rosicrucians of San Jose, California - a disastrous cycle began with volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and the collapse of subterranean gas belts. Magnetic waves moved around the globe, and Lemuria began to go under. Fortunately, there was time enough for small groups to salvage part of Lemuria's precious wisdom, which was stored in crystals. Some colonists reached India and from there Mesopotamia and Egypt - while others migrated eastward on crude rafts to the Americas, forming the racial core of the earliest Indian tribes. California was home to history's oldest people: pure Lemurians who later became the California Indians. That could explain why some America's oldest human artifacts were found on Santa Rosa Island off Santa Barbara, dating around 25,000 B.C.

Channeler - Edgar Cayce

The Cayce readings refer to a lost continent in the Pacific by several names, but most often it is called Lemuria. Other names are Mu, Zu, and possibly Oz. Some of these may refer to provinces of the continent, or to portions left after a major break-up of the land. Lemuria sank into the sea. Some of the land area changed to what is now a portion of the Rocky Mountains - Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada and Utah. There was an entity among the Lemurian princesses who established the teachings of the Law of One which taught about brought destructive forces in Lemuria before it fell due to separation of love to the gratifying of selfish motives.

Channeler - Gordon-Michael Scallion

The original Lemurians were thought projections not physically beings. It made them higher in frequency and closer to the Creator's energy vibration level. Their souls came to Earth to experience the physical vibration. They were about nine feet tall, had scaly skin with an aqua cast, which changed from blue to green in conjunction with two seasonal cycles each year. They breathed through their skin, not lungs. Their faces were elongated and oval. Their eyes were large with vertical pupils.

The Lemurian experience began with the projection of 144 soul groups - representing the projection of 33 million souls. They came from Mars, the Pleiades and Sirius - projecting into physical form on Earth. Some groups chose water, some the plant kingdom, the mineral kingdom, or the animal kingdom. The greater experiments were with the animal kingdom as this realm allowed for longer life spans and greater mobility. The Earth had interesting species at that time which included giants and elves.

When Lemuria fell the souls went on to become the Atlanteans

Researcher / Author David Childress

According to Childress the first civilization arose 78,000 years ago on a giant continent known as Mu or Lemuria, and lasted for an astonishing 52,000 years. It is sometimes said to have been destroyed in earthquakes generated by a pole shift which occurred approximately 24,000 B.C.

There was one language and one government. Education was the keynote of the Empire's success, and because every citizen was versed in the laws of the universe and was given thorough training in a profession or trade, magnificent prosperity resulted. A child's education was compulsory to the age of 21 in order for him to be eligible to attend citizenship school. This training period lasted for seven years; so the earliest age at which a person could become a citizen of the empire was 28.

The Elders of Lemuria, known as the Thirteenth School, moved their headquarters prior to the cataclysm to the uninhabited plateau of Central Asia that we now call Tibet. Here they allegedly established a library and school known as The Great White Brotherhood.

Helena Blavatsky

In her book The Secret Doctrine (1888), Madame Blavatsky claimed to have learned of Lemuria in The Book of Dzyan which she said was shown to her by the Mahatmas. Mahatma is Sanskrit for 'Great Soul'. She may have obtained some of her ideas of a sunken land in the Indian Ocean from Sanskrit legends of the Rutas. Blasvatsky placed her 'Third Continent of the Third Root Race' to inhabit planet Earth - in the Indian Ocean between Madagascar and Malaysia existing 150 million years ago. Surprisingly, many scientists of her day concurred and even came up with the name, derived from 'lemur', the ghostlike primates who allegedly lived there. Lemurians were allegedly egg-laying beings with a third eye that gave them psychic abilities.

 

          HISTRION 5 i 6 prvi dojmovi nakon misija        

Bespilotne letjelice HISTRION 5 i 6 poletjele su iz Pule sa „Svemirske luke Herman Potočnik“ put bliskog svemira u subotu 08. srpnja, nešto iza podneva. Najprije je lansiran HISTRION 6 a zatim i HISTRION 5. HISTRION 6 sa astrobiološkim i medicinskim eksperimentima, „alienima“, „selfijima“ učenika i studenata sa nekoliko kontinenata, [...]

The post HISTRION 5 i 6 prvi dojmovi nakon misija appeared first on astronautika.com.


          Sledeće sedmice kreću vozovi ka Solunu, Sofiji i Istanbulu        
Preduzeće Srbija Voz a.d. saopÅ¡tilo je da će od 1. juna ponovo saobraćati međunarodni vozovi na relacijama ka Solunu, Sofiji i Istanbulu. Polazak voza “Hellas” iz Beograda za Solun je
          Blog tour: Relic (Books of Eva #1) by Heather Terrell        



Relic (Books of Eva #1) by Heather Terrell YA dystopia Hardcover/eBook, 288 pages Publication: October 29th 2013 by Soho Teen 


The truth will test you...For fans of Game of Thrones and The Hunger Games: high fantasy and dystopia meet in this high-stakes tale of a civilization built on lies and the girl who single-handedly brings it down.When Eva’s twin brother, Eamon, falls to his death just a few months before he is due to participate in The Testing, no one expects Eva to take his place. She’s a Maiden, slated for embroidery classes, curtseys, and soon a prestigious marriage befitting the daughter of an Aerie ruler. But Eva insists on honoring her brother by becoming a Testor. After all, she wouldn’t be the first Maiden to Test, just the first in 150 years.Eva knows the Testing is no dance class. Gallant Testors train for their entire lives to search icy wastelands for Relics: artifacts of the corrupt civilization that existed before The Healing drowned the world. Out in the Boundary Lands, Eva must rely on every moment of the lightning-quick training she received from Lukas—her servant, a Boundary native, and her closest friend now that Eamon is gone.But there are threats in The Testing beyond what Lukas could have prepared her for. And no one could have imagined the danger Eva unleashes when she discovers a Relic that shakes the Aerie to its core.


GET THE FREE PREQUEL CHRONICLE, HERE 

Guest Post:

10 Surprising Things About the Author



1. I am obsessed with all things cinnamon. It began with cinnamon Jolly Ranchers when I was a kid, and has now progressed with a fascination with the different types of cinnamon. I especially love Vietnamese cassia.





2. I love to travel, and while I have been fortunate enough to explore a lot of the world, I still have Egypt, Jordan, Israel, and the Arctic regions -- not a shocker given the RELIC setting -- on my bucket list.





3. I met my husband in the Hong Kong airport. When we tell people that we met on line, they always assume we mean over the internet -- but we actually mean on the passport control line!





4. I was a lawyer for over a decade, and -- who knows? -- may one day return to the practice of law.





5. I am the oldest of six children; my brothers and sisters live all over the country, and I’m inspired by their varied life choices.





6. When I’m writing, I have to listen to the same music over and over; I really can’t deviate. For RELIC, I listened to Coldplay’s Mylo Xyloto and Mumford & Sons’ Babel so many times I lost count. I’m transitioning my music for the sequel to RELIC because I really can’t listen to either album again.





7. I adore museums, and one of my favorite places in the world is the airy room that houses the Ancient Egyptian Temple of Dendur in the Metropolitan Museum in New York City, where I used to live. When I really need inspiration for my writing, somehow this place does the trick. 





8. I enjoy scuba diving. I got certified on Australia’s Great Barrier Reef, and the most spectacular place I’ve ever done dives is in the ocean around the Fijian island of Savusavu.





9. My favorite season is fall, probably because I love all thing pumpkin -- pumpkin lattes, pumpkin bread, pumpkin soup -- and the changing of the leaves, of course.





10. I have always wanted to be an archaeologist (maybe that’s not so surprising given that Eva in RELIC is one!).





About the Author:






Heather Terrell worked as a commercial litigator in New York City for over ten years, but she has always been obsessed with myth, lore, and the gap between history and the truth. This preoccupation has led to several loosely factual historical novels (The Chrysalis, The Map Thief, Brigid of Kildare) and the pure-lore Fallen Angel series. Relic is the first installment of The Books of Eva series. She lives in Pittsburgh with her family.
Visit her at her website or Facebook



          180 People Go Bald for Penang Adventist Hospital Fundraiser and More News Shorts        
In this week’s news roundup, 180 participants go bald for Penang Adventist Hospital charity fundraiser, Barbadian woman was shot to death while at an ATM, Florida church is sued by parents of girl molested by youth program worker, Zimbabwe church is ordered to pay suit court costs, Grace Symphony ministers through music in Fiji and New Zealand, and Adventist school children in Ghana plant trees for World Environment Day.

In this week’s news roundup, 180 participants go bald for Penang Adventist Hospital charity fundraiser, Barbadian woman was shot to death while at an ATM,  Florida church is sued by parents of girl molested by youth program worker, Zimbabwe church is ordered to pay suit court costs, Grace Symphony ministers through music in Fiji and New Zealand, and Adventist school children in Ghana plant trees for World Environment Day.

180 Participants Go Bald for Malaysian Adventist Hospital Charity Fundraiser. Penang Adventist Hospital in Malaysia held its third “Go Bald, Go the Distance” charity fundraiser in honor of the hospital’s Dr. J. Earl Gardner Fund for needy patients of chronic ailments. 180 participants went bald at the event this year. Penang Adventist Hospital chief executive officer Ronald Koh said that this year's “Go Bald, Go the Distance” included involvement and support from people of all walks of life beyond Penang. From The Star, “Bold move – 180 go bald for charity.”

Barbadian Adventist Killed in ATM Robbery. In Barbados, Seventh-day Adventist Colleen Payne was attacked by two men and shot to death while using an automatic teller machine. The mother of one had worked for more than 30 years as a child-care worker at the Nightengale Children’s Home. Her death has left family members stunned that such a quiet and unassuming person died in this violent way. From NationNews, “ATM horror as woman shot dead,” and “Three men assisting with ATM shooting investigation.”

Florida Church Sued by Parents of Girl Molested by Youth Program Worker. Horeb French Seventh-day Adventist Church in Miami, Florida, is being sued by the family of a girl who was molested by a worker at its youth program. In a lawsuit, the girl's parents claim church officials should have known that Jerry Ameris, now 33, was not fit for any position that would put him in contact with small children. The suit also names the Southeastern Conference Association of Seventh-Day Adventists which operates the youth program. Ameris has already been sentenced to ten years in prison for molesting the girl. From Miami New Times, “Family of Child Molested in Youth Program Sues North Miami Church.”

Zimbabwe Adventist Church and Conference Ordered to Pay Suit Court Costs. The leadership of the South Zimbabwe Conference of the SDA Church has been ordered to pay the legal costs incurred during a case brought by a church member who was given a seven-month censure by his congregation. The censure barred the applicant from participating in the affairs of the church. It also prevented him from leading any church-related activity and terminated his election or appointment to all positions in church. In his founding affidavit, the applicant argued he was censured by members of the board, deacons and deaconess, and elders’ councils for confronting the pastor who indecently harassed his wife and reporting him to the police. From the Chronicle, “High Court rules against Seventh Day Adventist Church.”

Fiji Adventist Gospel Group Grace Symphony Ministers Through Music. Grace Symphony, a gospel choir from Seventh-day Adventist churches in Fiji, has become a ministry for some of its young members, utilizing their talents in serving the Lord. According to the group's lead singer Eseta Cokanasiga, who is also one of their pioneer members, Grace Symphony began in 2007 with seven girls who all had a passion to glorify God using their voices and talent. The group now has grown to 22 members, performing in Fiji and New Zealand and recording many albums. From The Fiji Times, “10 years of singing God’s grace.”

Ghana SDA School Students Plant Trees Commemorating World Environment Day. The Ghana Environmental Protection Agency, in partnership with the Ghana Seventh-day Adventist Church, has launched a tree-planting campaign for schools in the Ashanti Region to commemorate the World Environment Day. The campaign was organized to inspire children to grow trees to protect the natural environment. The EPA selected 27 schools mainly from Presbyterian and Adventist schools. Samuel Oteng, the Regional Director of the EPA, said the agency took into consideration how effective the schools would be in ensuring that the seedlings were looked after to grow well. Oteng expected that the chosen schools would plant a total of 2,200 tree seedlings. Students of the Gyinyase SDA Primary and Junior Secondary Schools said they were grateful to the EPA and to their schools' administration for educating them on the benefits of tree planting and how urgent it was that trees were planted to protect the environment. From Graphic, “EPA plants trees to commemorate World Environment Day.”

 

Editor's Note: A previous version of this article incorrectly stated that Penang Adventist Hospital is in Vietnam; it is in Malaysia. 

 

Pam Dietrich taught English at Loma Linda Academy for 26 years and served there eight more years as the 7-12 librarian. She lives in Redlands, California.

Image Credit: The Star

 

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          Fiji Unveils COP23 Website        
New York
Thursday, May 18, 2017

A dedicated Internet website to support Fiji’s presidency of COP23 has been launched by the Prime Minister and incoming COP President, Frank Bainimarama.

The Prime Minister unveiled the website – www.cop23.com.fj - before representatives of nearly 200 countries attending UN climate talks in Bonn in advance of the main COP23 gathering in November.

The PM described the website as a very important tool of Fiji’s presidency, as well as its mission to explain the impact of climate change on the Fijian people and other Pacific Islanders.

“On it, you will find a range of information about our plans for the coming year, as well as information about the effects of climate change on our people and other Pacific Islanders. Plus, of course, general information about Fiji and our engagement with the rest of the world,” the PM said.

Fijians are being urged to use the contact form on the website to tell their own stories about the effects of climate change on their lives. Fiji is also keen to showcase stories from other Pacific Islanders as part of its effort to make COP23 a Pacific-wide event.  


          Job Vacancy: Permanent Secretary for Foreign Affairs(Re-advertised)        
New York
Saturday, May 20, 2017

 

PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

FIJI

 

The Public Service Commission invites suitably qualified and eligible applicants for the vacant position below:

PSC - PS01/2017 - PERMANENT SECRETARY FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Re-advertised)

 

Overview

The Office of the Permanent Secretary is established under Section 127 of the Constitution of the Republic of Fiji 2013 (Fijian Constitution) and is subject to the Values and Principles as set out in Section 123 of the Constitution.

Key Attributes

To be considered by the Public Service Commission (PSC) as an eligible candidate, applicants will have proven experience in a services environment where the decisions made can change people’s lives. The eligible candidates will have demonstrated the following:

 

Ø  Leadership and management of large and complex service delivery operations in the private sector or government services, preferably at a national level;

Ø  Leadership of major reform or change programs, involving setting strategic direction, change management, people leadership and stakeholder engagement, including desirable experience in a digital environment;

Ø  A proven track record in delivering outcomes in a service environment;

Ø  End-to-end business leadership capabilities with experience in building high performing and professional organisations, with a strong and aligned organisational culture, clear accountabilities and performance measurement;

Ø  Strong, sophisticated and well developed relationship management skills, including an ability to work effectively with stakeholders, sector providers and the complexity of Government at a whole of Government level, as well as the appointed Minister and if appointed an Assistant Minister;

Ø  Strong communication and engagement skills, including refined political nous and judgement given the importance of operating in a complex governance environment with multiple stakeholders and competing objectives;

Ø  Strong financial and planning skills, including the ability to make predictive judgments and provide accurate advice to Minister and Government;

Ø  Strong risk and compliance management capability; and

Ø  Resilience and drive.

 

Education

Academic qualifications in Management, Public Administration, International Relations, Law or a related area are essential.

 

Role Description for the Position

In line with provisions in the 2013 Constitution, the Civil Service Act and other Fijian legislation, the Permanent Secretary is required to:

Ø  Ensure the effective development and implementation of Fiji’s foreign policy;

Ø  Manage the development of effective relationships with neighbours and international partners;

Ø  Coordinate with the Ministry of Trade to ensure effective trade and development relationships with the international community;

Ø  Effectively and efficiently manage the Ministry’s Human and Financial Resources;

Ø  Ensure the development of a competent and motivated workforce and the provision of policy advice to Government including the coordination of statutes and regulations that are applicable to the sector;

Ø  Exercise prudence and accountability in the management of Ministry’s finance and assets and adhere to the reporting requirements;

Ø   Maintain a high degree of focus on customer service; and

Ø  Undertake required reforms to bring about higher levels of efficiency and improved public service delivery.

 

Appointment

Under section 126 (1) of the Fijian Constitution a Permanent Secretary is appointed by the Public Service Commission, with the agreement of the Prime Minister, for a period up to five years.

Remuneration

An attractive remuneration package will be offered to the selected candidate.

HOW TO APPLY

For a copy of the Position Description and Application Form, please email FijiPSC@ngs-global.com. To apply for the role, please send the completed Application Form and your resume to the above email address.

Completed Applications for the positions must be submitted by 9th June, 2017.

LATE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE CONSIDERED.

For more details, please email marianne.broadbent@ngs-global.com

 

Note: This position is being re-advertised. Previous applicants are being considered and need not re-apply.

 

 


          Investor Survey - Market Assessment and Demand Forecast        
New York
Monday, February 27, 2017

The Fijian Government is investing in developing a new Manufacturing and Services Zone in the Western Division (Lautoka). The Zone is expected to accommodate manufacturing and services based operations, within a business park concept. The Zone is located in very close proximity to the Lautoka Wharf and Nadi International Airport. The buildings planned for the Zone will be pre-built to international standards, which would meet the requirement of different levels of business operations. To read more click on the link below.


          The Government Delegation at the IPU Annual Hearing         
New York
Monday, February 13, 2017

A FIJIAN delegation led by the Speaker of Parliament Dr Jiko Luveni attended the Annual Parliamentary hearing of the Inter-Parliamentary Union at the United Nations headquarters in New York from February 13 -14, 2017.

The delegation which comprised of four government ministers attended the IPU hearing at the joint invitation of the President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Saber Chowdhury and the President of the 71st Session of the United Nations General Assembly, Peter Thomson.

The main focus of the hearing was on ocean issues under Sustainable Development Goal 14, with the theme "A World of Blue: Preserving the oceans, safeguarding the planet, ensuring human well-being in the context of the 2030 Agenda".

The Fijian delegation emphasised the importance of the ocean to Pacific Small Island Developing States and our dependence upon it for our livelihood.

 

 

          Fijian Prime Minister lays out COP 23 Leadership Agenda to UNFCCC        
Fiji
Monday, January 30, 2017

Fiji has outlined its leadership priorities ahead of its Presidency of COP 23 – the UN negotiations on climate change – on day one of a three-day meeting (30 Jan. – 1 Feb.) between Fijian Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama and a delegation from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) led by its Executive Secretary, Ms. Patricia Espinosa.

The meeting also included Attorney-General Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum, Minister for Agriculture and National Disaster Management Inia Seruiratu – who is Fiji’s designated Climate Action Champion – and the Permanent Secretaries for the Office of the Prime Minister, Foreign Affairs, Civil Service, Environment, and Economy.

At the meeting, Fiji updated the UNFCCC on its preparatory work to meet the duties and responsibilities leading up the COP Presidency and its agenda for the upcoming negotiations.

Prime Minister Bainimarama identified climate adaptation finance, effective monitoring of adherence through the rulebook to the Paris Agreement and the objectives of the Climate Action Agenda as key issue areas for the Fijian presidency.

“Our Presidency will keep the interests of all nations – including those that are low-lying and vulnerable – at the forefront of our negotiations. We are also focused on turning the words and commitments of the Paris Agreement into measurable actions on the part of all nations, and are calling for transparent systems of accountability and practical outcomes to ensure the agreement is a success,” he said.

Prime Minister Bainimarama also pointed to the need for greater engagement from the private sector, NGOs and civil society in support of Fiji’s global effort to boost access to climate finance and reduce climate risks to developing economies.

Fiji will serve as the President of the COP 23 negotiations to be held in Bonn, Germany from 6-17 November 2017, making history as the first-ever small island state to hold the Presidency.

          Fiji Launches National Competition for COP 23 Logo        
Fiji
Saturday, February 4, 2017

The Fijian Government has called on all Fijians to submit design ideas for the logo that will represent the Fijian Presidency at COP 23 – the United Nations negotiations on climate change. The winning submission will be used as a basis for designing the logo that will Fiji will carry to the upcoming negotiations, which will be held in Bonn, Germany in November 2017.

The national competition will run from 4 – 24 February. All Fijians are encouraged to submit their best ideas and help Fiji develop a logo that encapsulates not only Fiji’s place in the world, but the values and the things that the Fijian people hold dear.

The winning entry will be awarded a paid trip for two anywhere on the Fiji Airways network.

“Fiji needs the creativity and ingenuity of the Fijian people to make sure our Presidency of COP 23 is as successful as possible. So we are asking every Fijian, including our students, our young people and our professional artists, to submit design ideas so that we can produce a logo that truly symbolises who we are as a country and what we stand for as a people,” said Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama.

All submissions must comply with specific guidelines that will be advertised in the Fiji Sun as of 4 February 2017. Information on how to submit design proposals is shown below.

 


          FIJI CO-CONVENES BRIEFING SESSION OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH LEVEL OCEANS CONFERENCE FOR GENEVA-BASED OFFICIALS        
Geneva
Tuesday, January 17, 2017
 
16 January, Geneva: Fiji’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva Ambassador Nazhat Shameem Khan moderated at a preparatory briefing of the UN High Level Oceans Conference which will be co-hosted by Fiji in New York later this year.

This week’s briefing will raise awareness in Geneva, and in particular amongst the diplomatic community, on the high level United Nations Conference and its preparatory processes.

The meeting was co-convened by the Permanent Missions of Fiji and Sweden to the UN in Geneva. Fiji and Sweden are co-hosting the Oceans Conference in New York. The meeting was also supported by the offices of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the United Nations Department of Environment and Social Affairs (UNDESA).

Ambassador Khan moderated the session on ‘Fish Trade and the Emerging Issues’ in light of the Trade and Environment Review of 2016. In her opening remarks, she underscored the importance of the special and differential treatment as the centerpiece of any outcomes in the WTO fisheries negotiations. She highlighted the vital need for policy space for developing countries, in particular small developing countries in developing its artisanal and commercial fisheries sector. To this end she called upon members to consider the UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 14.7 (Sustainable use of marine resources) in tandem with SDG 14.6 (Sustainable fishing). SDG 14.7 silhouettes the importance of the economic benefits of the fisheries sector to small island developing states.

In relation to subsidies, Ambassador Khan noted that not all forms of subsidies have negative impact on Illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing. Subsidies in relation to combatting IUU issues should be allowed. “Issues of management measures are integral in fisheries, however, these need to be discussed in the relevant forum of the Regional Fisheries Management Organizations”, she added. At the national level, the fisheries authorities are responsible for the management of fisheries under their respective jurisdictions.

On the issue of transparency, the importance of having a transparency mechanism has been noted to be a vital component, however, a balance has to be struck between transparency and the commercial confidentiality of information for these economies.

The contributors at the session were Ms. Victoria Chomo from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Mr. Paulo Kautoke, Director Trade Division of the Commonwealth Secretariat, Mr. Awni Behman, Honorary President of the International Oceans Institute and Mr Guillermo Valles, Director for the Division of Trade in Goods and Services and Commodities from the UNCTAD.

          Statement at Diplomatic, NGO and Media Briefing on COP 23 and the UN Oceans Conference         
Suvavou House
Wednesday, November 23, 2016

The Honourable Attorney-General and minister responsible for climate change,

Honourable Cabinet Ministers,

Your Excellencies, members of the Diplomatic Corps,

Representatives of Non-Government Organisations,

Ladies and Gentlemen of the media,

 

Bula vinaka and a very good morning to you all.

2017 is going to be a huge year for Fiji in its engagement with the rest of the world – President of COP-23 and cohost of the United Nations Conference on Oceans. So I want to brief you all on how I see the year ahead, its importance to our nation and what it means to every Fijian.

To those of you in the Diplomatic Corps and from Non-Government Organisations, I want to begin by thanking you for the support that you have already given Fiji and to ask for your continuing assistance.

We are a small nation with limited resources. And we will need the help of our development partners to enable us to take a lead role in these two very important initiatives for humanity – confronting the threat of climate change and reversing the degradation of our oceans and seas.

I want to say a special vinaka vakalevu on behalf of the Fijian Government and Fijian people to those nations that have actively supported Fiji’s candidacy to preside over these important global events.

The confidence that has been placed in us is deeply appreciated. As I said in Marrakesh on Friday, we are honoured and humbled to have been entrusted with these leadership roles. And we will be doing everything possible to make the events the success they need to be. Not only for those of us here in the Pacific and other low lying areas of the world, but for every single person on the planet.

Of course, these are separate events – The UN Oceans Conference in New York in June and the UN Climate Change Conference – COP 23 – in Bonn later in the year. But they are extremely important because they address the two greatest challenges facing the world at this time.

We need urgent global action for a more decisive response to global warming to keep temperatures down and ward off the extreme weather events and rising sea levels associated with climate change. And we need urgent global action to stop the assault on the health of our oceans and seas caused by pollution and overfishing.

Nowhere do these two imperatives come together more starkly than in our own region – in Fiji and the rest of the Pacific. At precisely the same time as we are having to deal with stronger and more frequent cyclones, arable land ruined by salinity and the need to relocate entire communities out of the way of the rising seas, the quality of the water around us on which we depend for food and our livelihoods is under unprecedented threat.

You may have heard me say in Marrakesh that as a former naval commander, I have an intense interest in the health of our oceans and seas. It has been painful for me over the years to see our beautiful Pacific ocean increasingly clogged with rubbish – more and more plastic bottles, plastic bags and other refuse. Some of it generated by ourselves but a lot more generated by nations on the Pacific Rim and drifting down to us on the prevailing currents.

In my younger days, I also remember our waters teeming with fish. You could throw a line out and in many instances, just reel them in. But I don’t have to tell the keen fisherman in the room that those days are becoming a dim memory.

The overfishing of the Pacific and other oceans and seas by selfish nations and selfish commercial interests poses a direct threat, especially to the welfare of our coastal communities. Because they rely on fish not only for food but as a source of income. And fishing is the foundation of many local maritime economies.

We must get an international consensus in New York in June on the scale of this crisis - this threat to all oceans and seas - and we must decide on a plan of radical action. And I promise that with our Swedish friends and co-hosts, I will be bringing a great deal of passion and resolve to making the UN Conference on Oceans the success it deserves to be. The success that it must be.

And then later in the year, Fiji has another opportunity to show leadership at COP-23 – the next United Nations Conference on Climate Change. As you may have noticed at COP-22 in Morocco, there is a growing realisation that what we decided to do in Paris twelve months ago is not enough. That we need a far more radical carbon emission target than we agreed in Paris – which was to cap the global temperature at “well below” a 2 percent per increase over the temperature of the earth at the time the industrial age began.

In fact, there is a growing realisation that even the one-point-five degree cap that the Pacific island nations proposed in the Suva Declaration is not enough. And that we may need to rethink that as well if we are to avert an even more grave situation.

I am going to be honest with you. I sat in the room in Marrakesh and looked around for evidence of the kind of resolve that the global community must have if we are to save ourselves. And I’m afraid that in far too many instances, it simply wasn’t there.

Yes, there is a growing realisation that something must be done and we must all thank those nations that have taken the first step by ratifying the Paris Agreement. But I don’t think there is sufficient appreciation yet of the scale of the threat the world faces.

It was suggested to me at one stage that Fiji needed to be more diplomatic when I formally accepted the presidency of COP-23. No! We are going to press as hard as we can for decisive global action. And Fiji, as the President of COP-23, intends to bring the global community together. And encourage the high carbon emitters and the low carbon emitters to find common ground. Because I passionately believe that only by working together cooperatively and educating the world about the facts of climate change, can we tackle the crisis that confronts us all.

It is also the time for some plain speaking. For Frank to be frank, which I am always keen to do. In our quest to bring everyone together for a truly global solution – which is in the best interests of all nations in the long run - we will at times have to speak very plainly and frankly.

We cannot be muzzled by diplomatic niceties. And as President of COP-23, I intend to tell it like it is. Because it is the only way for us all to move forward.

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen. We simply must get more decisive action to curb carbon emissions. Because those emissions from the industrial nations are putting us all at risk. We must get the necessary finance in the form of grants to build our resilience to climate change. To future proof our nations and their economies. And to future proof future generations.

We also need the financial tools to strengthen our infrastructure. To build walls to keep the seas at bay. To put our power lines underground. To move our communities out of the path of the rising waters. We need to build our economic and social resilience.

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, it is critically important for every nation to join the fight for action on climate change. To support the program of carbon emission reductions and contribute to the international fund to help vulnerable nations with their climate adaptation.

We cannot have the second biggest carbon emitter in the world - the United States - unilaterally withdrawing from this effort. We must persuade the American President-elect, Donald Trump, to change his mind about pulling out of the Paris Agreement. Because if he does, then there is no hope for the world to comprehensively tackle this issue.

Without America, the battle against climate change is doomed. Without America, it is already lost. And as I said in Marrakesh, I appeal to Mr Trump to have a personal change of heart and a public change of policy on this issue.

As you know, I have asked President-Elect Trump to re-examine the evidence and to come to Fiji to meet Pacific leaders and see the impact of climate change for himself. I hope he takes me up on the offer. Because as the President of COP-23, I genuinely want to work with him on this issue in an atmosphere of friendly cooperation.

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, you are fully aware of the enormity of the task ahead. And we need your support. I want to appeal to the Heads of Mission in this room to talk to your capitals about assisting Fiji. We will also be making direct representations to your respective governments and the multilateral agencies.

I also appeal to the representatives of NGOs to work together with my Government to make the presidency of COP-23 a success. To make the outcomes practical, achievable and enduring for every global citizen.  We need to work together. All of us.

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, in the next few weeks, I will be announcing a number of appointments to the team that Fiji is building to carry out our duties at COP-23. Apart from the secretariat team in Bonn, we intend to have a dedicated secretariat here in Fiji.

We also need to spread the message far and wide. And to the journalists who are here today, please do everything you can in the coming months to inform the Fijian people of the crusade that we have embarked on and the progress that we make along the way.

Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen, Fiji stands taller in the world today than at any other time in our history. Never before has the global community entrusted us with two such grave responsibilities. And we are determined as a nation to be worthy of that trust.

We look to 2017 with confidence and pride as an opportunity to show the world what we can do. And to give voice to the concerns, the hopes and the aspirations of billions of people the world over.    

 

Vinaka vakalevu. Thank you.

 


          Fiji Signs International Solar Development        
Marrakesh, Morocco
Friday, November 18, 2016
 
Fiji has secured greater access to solar financing, technologies, research and development opportunities, and capacity-building programmes following Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama’s signing of the Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).

Prime Minister Bainimarama lauded the agreement as an important stepping stone to help Fiji realise its potential as a regional hub of solar development. In particular, he highlighted the benefit that Fiji’s vast solar resources could have for rural and maritime communities.

“As one of the founding members of the ISA, Fiji recognizes the importance of advancing solar technology as an alternative to the burning of fossil fuels that is contributing to the greenhouse gas emissions warming our planet. This agreement will help lay the foundation for Fiji to take full part in the global solar revolution and give our people improved access to one of the fastest-growing forms of renewable energy on the planet,” he said.

The agreement was signed by the Prime Minister on the margins of the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (COP22) in Marrakech. Following the signing, Prime Minister Bainimarama also held talks with the Indian Minister of State (independent charge) for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Mr. Anil Madhav Dave, during which the prime minister reaffirmed Fiji’s commitment to international cooperation on solar development.



The ISA was launched at the end of 2015 as a common platform for cooperation among sun-rich countries lying fully or partially between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn that are seeking to massively ramp up their use of solar energy, thereby helping to reduce global greenhouse emissions while providing clean and cheap energy.

 


          Hon Prime Minister Voreqe Bainimarama Statement Accepting the Presidency of COP-23        
Marrakesh, Morocco
Friday, November 18, 2016

Mr Chairman/Madam Chair,

Excellencies,

Distinguished Delegates

 

Fiji is honoured and humbled by the confidence that the community of nations has placed in us to preside over the next United Nations Conference on Climate Change – COP 23 – in Bonn, Germany, next year.

We are the first Pacific Islands nation to be given this important task and we are acutely aware of the great responsibility that has been entrusted to us.

As the region of the world that is destined to bear the worst brunt of the effects of climate change, we have been given a crucial platform to put our case. And I make the following pledge to our island neighbours and the other low lying nations of the world, along with the rest of the international community.

Fiji will do everything in its power to fulfill its duty to place climate change at the very top of the global agenda. As President of COP-23, we will use this platform to continue to press for deeper cuts in carbon emissions to reduce global warming even further. And to counter the rising sea levels and extreme weather events that threaten the very existence of some nations.

We will also do everything we can to lobby the industrial countries who are responsible for these emissions to allocate adequate funding - in the form of grants - to enable us to build our resilience and adapt to the terrifying new era that awaits us.

I again appeal to the President-Elect of the United States, Donald Trump, to show leadership on this issue by abandoning his current position that man-made climate change is a hoax. On the contrary, the global scientific consensus is that it is very real and we must act more decisively to avert catastrophe.

As the second biggest carbon emitter on earth, the United States must take responsibility for contributing to our collective response to this crisis and show leadership at this critical time.

We in the Pacific – in common with the whole world - look to America for that leadership and for its engagement and assistance on climate change,  just as we looked to America during the dark days of World War Two. And I say to the American people: You came to save us then. And it is time for you to help save us now.

I renew my offer to President-Elect Trump to come to Fiji to see the effects of climate change for himself. And to meet Pacific Island leaders face-to-face in Fiji to discuss the crisis we are all facing, along with other low-lying areas of the world including parts of America.

Fiji warmly thanks the nations of the Asia-Pacific for putting us forward and giving us our own opportunity to show leadership by presiding over COP-23. And I again pledge to do everything in our power to draw global attention to this most pressing issue that humanity faces - the preservation and survival of the planet on which we all live.

 

Vinaka vakalevu. Thank you


          Tatiana Weston-Webb        

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          Learn Forex Trading - The Number 1 Mistake Novice Traders Make that Professional Traders Never Make        
When you first learn Forex trading and then begin to trade the currency markets, the adrenaline rush from making that initial successful money making trade can be over whelming. After all, in most cases you have all ready invested both your time and your money in this new method of acquiring wealth and are wondering if your effort is going to pay off or just be one more wasted attempt.




There is a famous quote that says, "Its funny, the harder I work, the luckier I get." Nothing ever stated was more applicable than that saying to the Forex markets. As soon as you tell your friends, family and co-workers about the money your making in the currency markets, you know what they are all going to say, I do, because I heard it. It will be something like this, You were lucky, let's see you do it again, or be careful investing is difficult.




Now after a few million in the bank, all I hear from the same people is, Will you teach me how to do it? I tell them, "How hard can it be, a currency can only go one of two ways, up or down. That is a fifty percent chance of being right if you just throw darts at a board."




Let's get back to the issue at hand, the mistake new investors make after making there first few profitable trade. They forget, they don't remember why they made money in the first place and just want to jump back in quickly to get that same feeling that had when they sold and cashed out the big profit the first time.




The number one mistake new financiers make is LACK OF DISIPLINE! They get caught up in the game and don't realize that this is real money we are talking about here and not monopoly money. For those of you that have never traded and made a big score, it is impossible for you to understand what I am talking about. But, for those of you that made money and then got wiped out, you are saying, "He is so right. I got caught up in the moment and forgot the purpose of this whole pursuit."




It is not a game and if you let it become a game you will NEVER be profitable. Here are a few things you can do to help you realize that this is real money you making and not play money. First, always take some profits off the table and enjoy yourself. You don't have to take much, just enough to buy a new car, maybe a BNW, take a three week vacation to the Fiji Islands or put a new addition on the house. Just enough so you never forget this is REAL MONEY!




This is not rocket science we are talking about here. Millions of people worldwide are making a fortune trading the Forex markets and there is no reason you can't be one. Just remember all the things you learned in the Forex educational courses you took and never forget it is not a game, but a path to wealth and you will do fine.


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Article Source: www.articlesnatch.com


          A haunting video found from a cellphone left in a taxi in Fiji        

A haunting video found from a cellphone left in a taxi in Fiji

  • The video shows at least four unarmed men being gunned down in at sea.
  • Despite dozens of witnesses on the haunting videotape, the victims and killers remain a mystery.

I'm interested


          How is MEGAfun born and where does it lead us? [presidential candidate at the mall, during the national day 1 December 2010]        
How is MEGAfun born and where does it go?
Breeding the perfect client in 2010 Romania.
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