Free Range Chicken Nuggets        
Last weekend we wanted some chicken nuggets. So step one in making chicken nuggets in Cameroon is to buy a live chicken. I didn’t want to spend too much time with it while it was alive, for fear of becoming attached. So I got my friend to buy it for me, and he also did [...]
          Les Lions Indomptables        
The Indomitable Lions Traditional dancers at the Lions game Waving the Cameroon flag We have a camera again so now we can share photos again. Studies show that blog posts sans photos are 23% less exciting. I just made that statistic up. A couple weeks ago I was in Yaounde taking the Foreign Service Officers Test. The same weekend, [...]
          Tropical Disease Bingo!        
Peace Corps Cameroon Tropical Disease Bingo! We’re in Yaounde this week for Mid-Service Medical, during which they give every volunteer a physical and test our bodily fluids to see if we’ve acquired any fun new tropical diseases. To commemorate the occasion of being in Cameroon for a whole year, I made an official Peace Corps Cameroon [...]
          The safety of the head of state        
Departure delayed.

Not the words you want to see when transiting Nairobi airport in the early hours of the morning. But apparently it was National Day in Cameroon and when we finally left Nairobi, seven hours later, a fellow traveller explained that the airspace (and indeed the country's roads) is always closed during the parades that mark Cameroon's National Day - to protect against a coup d'etat whilst the president is occupied with the celebrations.

Driving through Yaounde I could see all the flags around the place, and scores of women in matching dresses adorned with the president's image (provided free-of-charge by his party, apparently) making their way home. I finally got to the hotel at around 15:00, and pinned around the walls and in my room was a notice, roughly translated as:

"The holiday of 20 May remains a prvileged moment in the life of the country and corresponds to the national holiday. On this occasion parades are organised and the head of state, the President of the Republic, comes out. In order to preserve the safety of the head of state, you are asked to please observe the following:

1) do not open the window of your room
2) do not go to the window to look out
3) do not open the curtains

These measures take effect at six o'clock in the morning, and the lifting of these restrictions will be around 14:30."

Paul Biya has been president for some 28 years now, I believe. What it is to be so loved by your people.
          Cameroon's Far North: Responding to Boko Haram        
“With Boko Haram, we joined your club,” mused Mdjiyawa Bakari, the governor of Cameroon’s Far North Region (Extrême-Nord), when we met at his home in Kousseri. The ‘club’ consists of liberal democracies bound by a common dilemma: defeating terrorist insurgencies at home while respecting the laws of war, including civic and human rights. From his veranda we gazed across the Logone River at the dusty skyline of N’djamena, capital of Chad. I was visiting to understand exactly how civilians were coping with the threat—forced displacement, pervasive suspicion of strangers, neighbours, even friends, and a near collapsed economy – posed by this West African affiliate of the Islamic State to this most peripheral region of Cameroon. “Asymmetric war means an invisible enemy playing by other rules,” he continued. “It’s turned our lives upside down.”


Read the rest of my analysis for Oxford Policy Group here

          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
Our team is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. To get the additional information and place the order just visit our website: http://www.salepassportsfake.cc www. salepassportsfake.cc >> Contact e-mails: General support: support@salepassportsfake.cc Technical support: admin@salepassportsfake.cc ----------------------------- Keywords: buy fake passport of Afghanistan buy fake passport of Albania buy fake passport of Algeria buy fake passport of Andorra buy fake passport of Angola buy fake passport of Antigua & Deps buy fake passport of Argentina buy fake passport of Armenia buy fake passport of Australia buy fake passport of Austria buy fake passport of Azerbaijan buy fake passport of Bahamas buy fake passport of Bahrain buy fake passport of Bangladesh buy fake passport of Barbados buy fake passport of Belarus buy fake passport of Belgium buy fake passport of Belize buy fake passport of Benin buy fake passport of Bhutan buy fake passport of Bolivia buy fake passport of Bosnia Herzegovina buy fake passport of Botswana buy fake passport of Brazil buy fake passport of Brunei buy fake passport of Bulgaria buy fake passport of Burkina buy fake passport of Burundi buy fake passport of Cambodia buy fake passport of Cameroon buy fake passport of Canada buy fake passport of Cape Verde buy fake passport of Central African Rep buy fake passport of Chad buy fake passport of Chile buy fake passport of China buy fake passport of Colombia buy fake passport of Comoros buy fake passport of Congo buy fake passport of Congo Democratic Rep buy fake passport of Costa Rica buy fake passport of Croatia buy fake passport of Cuba buy fake passport of Cyprus buy fake passport of Czech Republic buy fake passport of Denmark buy fake passport of Djibouti buy fake passport of Dominica buy fake passport of Dominican Republic buy fake passport of East Timor buy fake passport of Ecuador buy fake passport of Egypt buy fake passport of El Salvador buy fake passport of Equatorial Guinea buy fake passport of Eritrea buy fake passport of 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          World: Humanitarian Coordinator Information Products, 31 July 2017        
Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen


          Italy: Italy Sea Arrivals Dashboard (January - July 2017)        
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Iraq, Italy, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Overview

Between 1 January and 31 July 2017, 95,213 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 2% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (93,774).

Trends in sea arrivals should be assessed over time, as fluctuations on a monthly basis may be linked to various factors, including weather and sea conditions or the situation in the countries of departure and origin. Geopolitical developments and the capacity of smugglers to organize departures may also affect sea arrivals.


          Comment on Confederations Cup: Australia v Cameroon takeaways by Confederations Cup: Australia v Chile takeaways – Sandals For Goalposts        
[…] we detailed after the draw with Cameroon, the system itself seemed to not fit the personnel Ange Postecoglou had to choose from. A lack of […]
          Comment on Confederations Cup: Australia v Germany takeaways by Confederations Cup: Australia v Cameroon takeaways – Sandals For Goalposts        
[…] opening their Confederations Cup campaign with a defeat to World champions Germany, the Australian football public were noticeably divided on the course set by Postecoglou and the […]
          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


          Our ongoing commitment to support computer science educators in Europe        

The need for employees with computer science (CS) and coding skills is steadily increasing in Europe—by 4 percent every year between 2006 and 2016 according to DigitalEurope.  But educators are struggling to keep up with the demand, often because they lack the professional development, confidence and resources to successfully teach their students. 

Because of these challenges, we’re working to increase the availability of quality computer science education and access to CS skills by empowering CS teachers globally. We’ve recently launched new support in Europe, the Middle East and Africa through CS4HS, a program to fund universities and nonprofits designing and delivering rigorous computer science professional development for teachers.

We’re excited to be working with 79 organizations worldwide, and 28 in the EMEA region, who are committed to increasing the technical and teaching skills of educators, and building communities of ongoing learning. We believe that these organizations are committed to delivering high-quality teacher professional development programs with a deep impact in their local community and a strong potential to increase their reach.

Classroom image

Growing the community of computer science educators  

Over the past 10 years, CS4HS has contributed $10 million to professional development (PD) providers around the world to help develop and empower teachers—like Catrobat, a non-profit initiative based at Graz University of Technology in Austria who created a free online course for students and teachers, and the University of Wolverhampton, who created a free MOOC to empower teachers of computing to teach programming in the new computing syllabuses in England, among others.

We’re excited to support new and future CS educators around the world. Even though computer science is a relatively new discipline for most schools, the enthusiasm is growing and teachers have a critical role to play in fueling their students’ interest and participation. These grants will help universities and nonprofits reach educators with PD opportunities that enhance their CS and technical skills development, improve their confidence in the classroom, and provide leadership training so that they can be advocates for CS education in their communities.

2017 awardees in EMEA

Asociatia Techsoup Romania

Ideodromio, Cyprus

Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Informatica, Italy

Lithuanian Computer Society

Dublin City University, Ireland

Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland

EduACT, Greece

Graz University of Technology, Austria

University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Asociatia Tech Lounge, Romania

Association Rural Internet Access Points, Lithuania

University of Wolverhampton, UK

Universidad de Granada, Spain

University UMK Toruń, Poland

Hasselt University, Belgium

Jednota školských informatiků, Czech Republic

University of Lille - Science and Technology, France

University of Roehampton, UK

University of Urbino, Italy

ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Vattenhallen Science Center, Lund University, Sweden

University College of Applied Sciences, Palestine

Hapa Foundation, Ghana

Let’s Get Ready, Cameroon

Swaziland Foundation for STEM Education

Laikipia University, Kenya

Mobile4Senegal

Peo Ya Phetogo in partnership with University of the Western Cape & Mozilla Foundation, South Africa

To discover more about CS opportunities near you, explore our educator resources, student programs and resources, and tools.



          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 08-10-2017 with Dave Blackwood        
Playlist:

Public Service Broadcasting- Every Valley - Every Valley
Johnny Jewel- Television Snow feat Symmetry - Windswept
Johnny Jewel- Windswept - Windswept
Cornelius- Surfing On Mind Wave Pt 2 - Mellow Waves
Sam Cohen- The House Of The Rising Sun - Resistance Radio The Man In The High Castle Album
Washed Out- Burn Out Blues - Mister Mellow
- voicebreak -
Slowdive- Slomo - Slowdive
Thurston Moore- Turn On - Rock N Roll Consciousness
Bernard Ntone- Yaound Girls - Pop Makossa The Invasive Dance Beat Of Cameroon 1976 1984
The Dan Ryan- Guidance - Guidance
No Te Va Gustar- Para Cuando Me Muera - Discos Popart
Ratatat- Neckbrace - LP4
Coldcut OnU Sound- Vitals feat Roots Manuva Adrian Sherwood - Outside The Echo Chamber
Avey Tare- Roamer - Eucalyptus
Height Keech- Mind Moves The Mountain - Mind Moves The Mountain
Com Truise- Ephemeron - Iteration
UMFANG- Symbolic Use Of Light - Symbolic Use Of Light
The Black Angels- Estimate - Death Song
Pickwick- Turncoat - LoveJoys
Gil ScottHeron And Jamie XX- NY Is Killing Me - Were New Here
Skip Die- Jungle Riot - Riots In The Jungle
Sextile- One Of These - Albeit Living
David Nance- 5 2 And 4 - Negative Boogie
Black Lips- Overture Sunday Mourning - Satans Graffiti Or Gods Art
Black Lips- Occidental Front - Satans Graffiti Or Gods Art
Negritage- Dub Thang - Greetings From Planet Dub


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-08-10
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 07-03-2017 with Cal Huss        
Playlist:

Sun Eggs- Dead Dolphins - Dead Dolphins
Sun Eggs- Light - Dead Dolphins
- voicebreak -
Fleet Foxes- Mearcstapa - CrackUp
Yo La Tengo- The Room Got Heavy - I Am Not Afraid Of You And I Will Beat Your Ass
Tangle Eye- Heaven - Alan Lomaxs Southern Journey Remixed
Spindrift- When I Was Free - Classic Soundtracks Vol 1
- voicebreak -
Songhoy Blues- Voter - Rsistance
The Souljazz Orchestra- Agbara - Rising Sun
Gunn Truscinski Duo- County Fair Getaway - Ocean Parkway
La Luz- Dont Wanna Be Anywhere - Weirdo Shrine
- voicebreak -
Spires- Calm July - Ep
Foxtrot Sierra And The Uniforms- Local Riders On Your Tail - Surfin Krautlifornia
Kaleidoscope- Keep Your Mind Open - Side Trips
Skinshape- Dont Call My Name - Life Love
- voicebreak -
Kevin Morby- City Music - City Music
Erykah Badu- Ill Call U Back - But You Caint Use My Phone
Rokk- Patience - I Want To Live High
Zapp- More Bounce To The Ounce Radio Version - Zapp
The Green Arrows- Towering Inferno - 4Track Recording Session
- voicebreak -
Orquestra Pacifico Tropical- Cumbia Sobre El Mar - Rio Frio
Ozferti- Homeboyz - Southern Roads
El Michels Affair- Tearz feat Lee Fields The Shacks - Return To The 37th Chamber
Mounika- De Roses Et De Colombes - How Are You
Mounika- Car Sans Toi Je Mennuie - How Are You
- voicebreak -
Dream Stars- Pop Makossa Invasion - Pop Makossa The Invasive Dance Beat Of Cameroon 19761984
Curtis Knight- Down In The Village - Down In The Village Remastered
Mr Airplane Man- Travelin - Cmon DJ
Roya- Rich Kid - Roya
The Lijadu Sisters- Bayi Lense - Mother Africa
- voicebreak -
Orquestra La Solucion- A Bailar Son Montuno - Ebirac 7 Single
Jane Jane Pollock- Punching Jackie - Jane Jane Pollock
Tamara Rene- Cycles - Conjur Woman
Tommy Guerrero Gadget- Deep Sleep - Hoy Yen Assn
Joe Cocker- Woman To Woman - Joe Cocker
- voicebreak -
Young Marble Giants- Click Talk - Test Card Ep
Six Organs Of Admittance- Taken By Ascent - Burning The Threshold
Kosmischer Lufer- Sandtrommel - Live In Graz EP
- voicebreak -
The White Stripes- Im Bound To Pack It Up - De Stijl


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2017-07-03
          Construction de stades: La Fecafoot annule son partenariat avec la société Prime Potomac. Deux semaines Après le Gouvernement confie à la même société la construction de quatre stades d’entrainement, et un hôtel quatre Etoiles à Garoua.        
cameroun,construction,stades,fecafoot,annule,son,partenariat,avec,societe,prime,potomac,cameroon,CAMEROUN :: Construction de stades: La Fecafoot annule son partenariat avec la société Prime Potomac :: CAMEROON
La sentence a été rendue publique à l’issue de la réunion du comité exécutif qui s’est tenue vendredi
dernier au Mont Febe hôtel, sous la présidence de Tombi A Roko.
Le comité exécutif de la Fédération camerounaise de football (Fecafoot) a tenu une réunion vendredi. Occasion de prendre un certain nombre de résolutions, dans un contexte où de nombreux acteurs sportifs remettent toujours en cause la légitimité de l’exécutif de cette fédération.
L’une des résolutions phares a été la suppression « des conventions de partenariat entre la Fecafoot et la société Prime Potomac, relatives à la construction des stades dans les villes de Bamenda, Bagangté, Bafia et Sangmélima », peut-on lire à la 6ème résolution du communiqué rendu public par Tombi A Roko, président de la Fecafoot.
Si la cause exacte de cette décision n’a pas été signalée, l’on sait néanmoins que le torchon brûlait entre le PDG Camerounais de Prime Potomac, Ben Modo et le président de la Fecafoot. Les deux n’ayant cessé de se lancer des flèches par médias interposés, causant un ralentissement sur l’avancement des travaux de ces stades synthétiques d’environ 5 000 places.
Autres résolutions
Il est annoncé la création d’une commission ad hoc chargée d’examiner la situation qui prévaut actuellement au niveau de la Ligue spécialisée de football jeunes. Pour violation des textes et règlements, on se rappelle que la Chambre de conciliation et d’arbitrage (CCA) avait décidé, mercredi dernier d’annuler l’Assemblée générale élective du 29 juin qui avait porté Léon Aimé Zang à la présidence de cette ligue spécialisée.
« Après analyse des sentences rendues par la Chambre de Conciliation et d’Arbitrage du Comité National Olympique et Sportif du Cameroun, le Comité Exécutif relève de multiples violations par cette Chambre, tant des dispositions légales que des règles cardinales de l’arbitrage. En conséquence, le Comité décide de la création d’une commission Ad Hoc chargée d’examiner cette situation et de proposer des solutions
idoines », lit-on à la 3ème résolution.

Réagissant à cette décision, M. Zang également PCA d’Apejes de Mfou, a pour sa part dit garder toute sa sérénité. « Je suis très serein et plus que serein d’ailleurs. La preuve, c’est que je suis là. Nous vivons football (…) nous sommes nés dans le football et allons mourir dans le football (… ) et sans ligue spécialisée de football jeunes, nous restons dans le football. C’est cela la différence », a mentionné le président, avant d’ajouter que malgré l’annulation, la CCA « n’a aucune légitimité à intervenir en matière d’élections ». La décision de la CCA devrait donc à nouveau retarder l’entrée en fonction de la Ligue spécialisée de football des jeunes, dont le rôle consiste à organiser et développer la discipline sur des bases indépendantes.
Ce n’est pas tout. Le comité exécutif de la Fecafoot a également instruit le Secrétaire général, Blaise Moussa de doter la Fecafoot d’un trophée définitif de la coupe du Cameroun dans un délai de 90 jours.

Source: camer-sport.be


          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-14-2014 with 99 & Barry        
Playlist:

Sun City Girls- Wild World Of Animals - Youre Never Alone With A Cigarette
Lucky Pineapple- Moonlight Spiderbite - The Bubble Has Burst In Sky City
PSILOSAMPLES- Meteorango Kid - Daora Underground Sounds Of Urban Brasil HipHop Beats Afro Dub Deluxe Edition
Mamelo Sound System- Vqv - VelhaGuarda 22
Guano Padano- El Divino - Guano Padano
- voicebreak -
Dina Martina- My Country Valentine - The Dina Martina Holiday Album
The Ed Palermo Big Band- America Drinks And Goes Home feat Mike James - Oh No Not Jazz
Sex Mob- Mob Rule 2Little Liza Jane - Sex Mob Meets Medeski Live In Willisau
Les Claypools Duo De Twang- Red State Girl - Four Foot Shack
Polyrhythmics- Chingador - Libra Stripes
The Plates- Ring The Alarm - Punky Reggae
John Otway- I Am The Walrus - Under The Covers And Over The Top
- voicebreak -
Tinariwen- Imidiwan Ahi Sigdim - Emmaar
Jocelyn Pook- Womens Magazine Tango - Habitacion En Roma
People Like Us- Break Me Break My Horse - Dont Think Right Its All Twice
Carlo Cordio- Aenigma Sudden Death - Aenigma Conquest Morirai A Mezzanotte
Baka Forest People Of Southeast Cameroon- Nursery Rhyme - Heart Of The Forest
Bailey Denio Palmer- Let The Little Sunbeam In - The Gospel Record
Dot Wiggin Band- The Fella With A Happy Heart - Ready Get Go
Dengue Fever- One Thousand Tears Of ATarantula - Escape From Dragon House
The Heliocentrics- The Five Thing - Quartermass Sessions 1
Mike Watt- Maggot Brain - BallHog Or Tugboat
Sumner Crane Ikue Mori Don Burg Arto Lindsay Mark Cunningham Duncan Lindsay- I Awake - John Gavanti An Operetta
- voicebreak -
Dave Soldier Richard Lair Thai Elephant Orchestra- Trio For Theremin Electric Keyboard - Thai Elephant Orchestra
Renaldo The Loaf- BPM - Songs For Swinging Larvae Songs From The Surgery
The City Of Prague Philharmonic Orchestra- Twisted Nerve Theme And Variations - Film Music Masterworks Film Music By Bernard Herrmann
Chenard Walcker- Two Birds - Moo
Darth Vegas- Prokletsvo Gummina Kokoshke - Brainwashing For Dirty Minds
The Ed Palermo Big Band- The Black Page 2 - Oh No Not Jazz
Gangstagrass- Rainstorm In Kentucky feat Smif N Wessun Dolio The Sleuth R Son - Broken Hearts And Stolen Money
- voicebreak -
Raya Brass Band- Locks And Latches - This Train Is Now
Gabo Brown Orchestre PolyRythmo- Its A Vanity - African Scream Contest Raw Psychedelic Afro Sounds From Benin Togo 70s
Dina Martina- The Presidents Day Song - The Dina Martina Holiday Album
Joe Loss- Steptoe And Son - Music For Mentalists
- Dance The Boogaloo - Long Live Boogaloo
Dara Puspita- Pip Pip Yeah - 19661968
Robotmonkeyarm- Il Brutto - Robot Senza Nome
Cakewalk- Transfixed - Transfixed


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-02-14
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 09-13-2013 with 99 & Barry        
Playlist:

Marisa Monte David Byrne- Waters Of March - Red Hot Rio
The Mighty Diamonds- Let Jah Sun Shine - Reggae Anthology Pass The Knowledge
Don- Sunshine Day - Thai Beat A GoGo Vol 3
Guano Padano- One Man Bank - 2 feat Mike Patton
Mulatu Astatke- Metche Dershe When Am I Going To Reach There - thiopiques Vol 4 Ethio Jazz Musique Instrumentale 19691974
The Lee Thompson Ska Orchestra- Nepolian Solo - The Benevolence Of Sister Mary Ignatius
- voicebreak -
Sainkho Namtchylak- Let The Sunshine - Stepmother City
Los Mustang- Please Please Me - Los Nuggetz 60s Punk Pop And Psychedelic From Latin America
- Anbafo - Live From Festival Au Desert 2012 Timbuktu
Red Hot Chili Peppers- Higher Ground - Higher Ground Remastered Single
Carla Kihlstedt- Flash Flood - 2 Foot Yard
Galactic- Dark Water - YaKaMay
Primus- Jerry Was A Race Car Driver - Sailing The Seas Of Cheese
The Hot 8 Brass Band- Homies - Tombstone
- voicebreak -
Baka Forest People Of Southeast Cameroon- Water Drums 1 - Heart Of The Forest
- Trinidad Steel Drummers Cissy Strut - Steel Funk
Fanfara Tirana Transglobal Underground- Shtojzovalle - Kabatronics Bonus Track Version
Family Atlantica- Arena - Family Atlantica
Skip Die- Jungle Riot - Riots In The Jungle
Ceramic Dog- Mr Pants Goes To Hollywood - Your Turn
- voicebreak -
Elvis Costello The Roots- Wake Me Up - Wise Up Ghost Deluxe
Count Stocky The Upsetters- To Hell And Back - The Sound Doctor
Andre Williams The Sadies- America You Say A Change Is Gonna Come - Night Day
Jon Madof- Holy Brother - Zion80
- voicebreak -
Rabbit Rabbit- After The Storm - Rabbit Rabbit Radio Vol 1
Eugene Chadbourne- Storms Never Last - Longview
Deb Hyer- Bridge Over Troubled Water - One Man Band
Chico Buddy- You Wont Miss The Water - The Detroit Funk Vaults
Herbie Hancock- Rain Dance - Sextant
Fela Ransome Kuti- Water No Get Enemy - Expensive Shit He Miss Road Remastered
- voicebreak -
Pseudo Nippon- Universal Brotherhood Cops Say Ow - Colorama
Melt Yourself Down- Tuna - Melt Yourself Down
Darth Vegas- Things That Go Bump In The Night - Brainwashing For Dirty Minds
Solomon Socalled- Hiphopkele - Hiphopkhasene


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2013-09-13
          5 things we want to talk about after Man City 2-0 Watford        
1) Sterling is justifying his price tag The accusation often levelled at Raheem Sterling is that he doesn’t score enough goals, so his first for Manchester City will have been a very welcome one. He hadn’t netted in his first three games since making the £49m move from Liverpool but his opener was always coming in this game against Watford. Sterling was City’s brightest player in the first half; his skills on the ball were often too much for Watford and their Cameroonian right-back Allan Nyom. The only surprise was that it took until just before half-time for the typically combative Nyom –booked at least nine times in each of the last five seasons during an epic six-year loan spell at Granada from Udinese –to make his mark on Sterling and earn a yellow card. Heurelho Gomes just about managed to prevent the former Red opening the scoring in the first half but the England star’s movement was too sharp for the Hornets as he netted shortly after the interval. The standing ovation Sterling received when he was substituted late on tells you what City fans think about the start he's made to Etihad life. Boss Manuel Pellegrini said after the game that he believes his new signing will be able to surpass last season’s tally of 12 goals. “It’s what I hope, playing with creative players –Kun, Nasri, Silva, Yaya –I think he will improve a lot and score more goals,” said the Chilean. “He’s demonstrating he was not an expensive player, he’s a good player.” 2) City have a new Plan B There were times in the first half when you wondered what City would do if Plan A –attempt to break down the opposition with skill, pace and trickery –didn’t work. They'll face many other sides this season who will come to the Etihad and try to play for a 0-0 draw, and there might be occasions when they need something a bit different. Edin Dzeko used to provide that to some extent, but he has departed to Roma on loan, while Wilfried Bony was injured here. City’s bench looked surprisingly short of experienced players, with the youthful Kelechi Iheanacho, Patrick Roberts and Pablo Maffeo all named among the substitutes. Pellegrini switched Sterling to a central role just off Sergio Aguero for the second half. Had it been unsuccessful it could have been construed as simply rearranging the deckchairs, but it did actually make the difference. Not only did the England man score soon after half-time, but David Silva moved to the right and was more influential there. City completed 592 passes during the game, 109 more than Chelsea in their home defeat to Crystal Palace as Jose Mourinho’s men slipped eight points behind after only four matches. 3) Navas won’t keep De Bruyne waiting This was almost certainly the last game before City complete the signing of Kevin De Bruyne from Wolfsburg, even if Pellegrini still didn’t want to talk about him after this match. Jesus Navas would have wanted to send out a message to his manager and the new boy. The good news was that he did – butthe bad was that it was hardly the one he'd have been hoping for. Not a goal, nor an assist, but substituted at half-time after just one successful cross in seven attempts in the first period. Navas was already looking likely to be dropped for De Bruyne –and the likes of Aguero, Sterling, Silva and Yaya Toure probably won’t be left out any time soon. Now the Spanish winger looks pretty much certain to lose his place, and could slip behind Samir Nasri in the pecking order too. Nasri was more effective in the second half against the Hornets and also scored as a sub at Everton last weekend. 4) Fernandinho shone with simplicity The Brazilian midfielder was named man of the match and is critical to how City want to play. His most eye-catching moment was understandably his goal, a thumping angled effort into the far corner from Silva’s clever reverse pass to put the game beyond Watford’s reach. But just as important was his economical use of possession. While Toure marauds around midfield, Fernandinho takes a more measured approach alongside him, often playing the simple ball but importantly almost always keeping possession. A total of 75 of his 77 passes were short, and 73 of those 77 were successful. Not bad at all. 5) Watford’s gameplan could only work for so long There’s no doubt that Quique Sanchez Flores has the Hornets well organised. They'd kept clean sheets in their previous two league matches against West Brom and Southampton, and made it very difficult for Manchester City to find a breakthrough. The Hornets defended in numbers, with Troy Deeney and Odion Ighalo dropping into virtual wide midfield roles in the first half. The gameplan was to allow Eliaquim Mangala and Vincent Kompany to have possession, and then press from there. Unfortunately that gameplan was only going to work while the scoreline was 0-0. Once City scored Watford needed to change it, and it was 2-0 before they used their first sub and brought on Ikechi Anya, who had been left out of the starting line-up for this match. Anya’s average position on the field compared to the rest of the team shows how Watford’s tactics changed from that moment on, but it was too little too late. “It’s difficult to play against City,” Flores concluded post-match. He’s not wrong. More analysis like this on FFT.com STATS ZONEFree on iOS•Free on Android
          Medel provides resistance, but Neymar and Brazil edge through: how Stats Zone saw Brazil 1-1 Chile (3-2 pens)        
This match was a fitting beginning to this World Cup's knockout stages: a meeting between the hosts and one of the most exciting teams in the group stage. As expected, the game started brightly, with both teams looking to commit men forward and attack at speed. However, in the first 15 minutes there were few goal-scoring chances to speak of, with the best falling to Brazilian full-back Marcelo, who shot wide of the near post. Ironically, given the open nature of the early stages of the match, the first goal came from a set-piece. Neymar's in-swinging corner was flicked on by centre-back Thiago Silva, with his defensive partner David Luiz bundling in at the far post. It may have looked scrappy, but it will have been a pre-planned routine. Brazil were ahead, but if anything that appeared to make them more nervous. Sloppy mistakes started to creep into their play, and it was always likely they'd be made to pay. They did when Hulk miscontrolled Marcelo's quickly taken throw-in. The Zenit striker was promptly dispossessed by Eduardo Vargas, who pulled the ball back to Alexis Sanchez. The Barcelona forward was immediately under pressure from Brazil keeper Julio Cesar, but did brilliantly to calmly tuck the ball into the bottom corner. The equaliser seemed to draw Brazil out of their shell a bit more, but they still weren't having things all their own way. With Chile particularly strong in central areas (more on that later), Brazil were forced to go wide. Over the course of the match, it was full-backs Marcelo and Dani Alves who attempted the most passes in the attacking third - although they were only able to create 1 opening each. One major obstacle for Brazil was Chile midfielder-come-defender Gary Medel. The Cardiff City man has been superb all tournament, and his showing against Brazil was no different. Not only did he make 12 clearances, 3 interceptions and 2 blocks - he was also the game's top passer. And all this while carrying a muscle injury. It seems unlikely he'll be turning out in the Championship with the Bluebirds next season. It wasn't quite such a productive afternoon for another Premier League midfielder - Manchester City's Fernandinho. The 29-year-old replaced the out-of-sorts Paulinho at half-time in Brazil's previous match against Cameroon and made a huge difference, but he couldn't match it against Chile. He completed just 10 passes in 72 minutes - in fact, he made nearly as many fouls, somehow avoiding a booking. The second half was far cagier than the first. Hulk had the best 2 chances. The first saw him denied by referee Howard Webb, who ruled out what initially looked a perfectly good goal for handball. The second saw the burly forward drop a shoulder to beat two men, then hammer in a shot that was saved by Claudio Bravo in the Chile goal. Chile's best chance came in extra-time, when substitute Mauricio Pinilla rattled the crossbar from the edge of the box with just seconds left on the clock. Pinilla may still have been thinking of that chance when he stepped up to take Chile's first penalty of the shootout. His relatively tame and central penalty was comfortably saved by Cesar. If that one was routine, Cesar's second save certainly wasn't. He did superbly to get down to Sanchez's placed shot. Misses from Willian and Hulk meant the pressure was on posterboy Neymar to bury Brazil's fifth penalty - and he did just that to give the hosts a 3-2 lead. Former West Brom, Brighton and Nottingham Forest man Gonzalo Jara then struck the post, and Brazil scraped through. Facts and figures Brazil’s last 4 World Cup extra-time appearances have all gone to penalties: Last 16 vs Chile 2014 (Won), semi final vs Netherlands 1998 (Won), Final vs Italy 1994 (Won), quarter-final vs France 1986 (Lost). Brazil have failed to score a single goal in any of their last 6 appearances in World Cup extra-time. Brazil have lost just 1 of their last 16 World Cup games when they had scored first (W13 D2). Alexis Sanchez has scored 5 goals in his last 6 competitive games for Chile. Chile have never kept a clean sheet against South American opposition at the World Cup (5 games). Chile have conceded 12 goals in their 4 meetings with Brazil at the World Cup finals, an average of 3 per game. Chile have never beaten the Seleção on Brazilian soil, losing 20 and drawing 7. Brazil are unbeaten in 41 successive matches in Brazil, with their last defeat coming against Paraguay (0-1 in a friendly) in August 2002. The last 8 World Cup shootouts have been won by the team going first. Brazil have progressed in each of their last 6 second round matches at the World Cup. Brazil’s passing accuracy of 72.9% was their second lowest in a World Cup match from 1966 onwards (lowest 72.4% in 2002 final, against Germany). Analyse Brazil 1-1 Chile yourself using Stats Zone
          Foosball Super Shooter        
Finally an html5 online foosball game for PC, iPhone and Android! Live the football fever and hit the ball as much as you can in Foosball Super Shooter! Choose your favourite team and try the 9 game modes to have hours of fun. Shoot unstoppable balls and climb to the top of the ranking. You won't stop playing! To every foosball fan out there, what are you waiting for? You can now play your favorite game online with your phone, computer or Tablet! Train your skills and become the best player in the pub thanks to Foosball Super Shooter. It’s so easy and fun to play that you will want to play all day long. Pick your favorite team from the country of your choice. You can choose between 16 different countries from all around the world: Germany, The Faroe Islands, Portugal, England, Cameroon, Brazil, Japan, Mexico, Korea, Nigeria, Italy, Argentina, France, Spain, Saudi Arabia and the USA. Each one of them has a different player system which determines the position of your 7 players. Added to that, every team has a special move: the fireshoot, the triple shoot, the dribble shoot, or the twin shoot, but only the captain of the team can perform the Special Shoot. The captain is the one that has a star under his feet and he only can perform that move when the Special Bar is complete, which grows every time you make a pass. In Foosball Super Shooter you will be able to win 9 different competitions. You will have to start with the FSS Championship, the 4 Nations Cup and the Superclassic Cup. Once you win those three tournaments you will gradually unblock the others, starting with the International Cup, and then the CDA Tournament, the Confederations Cup, the 6 Nations Cup, the Olympic Games and the World Cup. Play against three teams each time, score two goals, win and become the best foosball player! So grab your iPhone, Android phone, Tablet, iPad or computer and shoot as much as you can with Foosball Super Shooter, the funniest htlm5 online game for free, with no downloads or installations required.
          A Broader View got a 3rd grant        

A Broader View got a 3rd grant that will benefit our programs in Bulenga Uganda. This grant is for US$30.000 and its from the Cameroon and Jane Baird Foundation of Buffalo, New York. The grant will be used for the construction of a classroom at the orphanage, the installation of solar electricity system for the […]

The post A Broader View got a 3rd grant appeared first on Volunteer Abroad News.


          Cameroon student nonprofit recycles plastic bottles into boats        
Humanity has a plastic bottle addiction, purchasing one million a minute, and many bottles wind up polluting our oceans. Cameroon-based nonprofit Madiba & Nature is pioneering a creative use for all those bottles: boats. They're fabricating floating canoe-shaped crafts out of empties they collect in an effort to prompt people to think differently about how they consume and dispose of plastic bottles. Related:
          Une fibre optique pour relier le Cameroun au Brésil.        

La société télécom camerounaise Camtel vient de signer un accord avec la China Unicom pour déployer un projet de fibre optique entre le Cameroun et le Brésil. Les documents ont été respectivement parafés par le directeur général de la Cameroon Telecommunications (Camtel) et le président directeur général de China United Telecommunications Corp (China Unicom), filiale […]

Cet article Une fibre optique pour relier le Cameroun au Brésil. est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Foosball Super Shooter        
Finally an html5 online foosball game for PC, iPhone and Android! Live the football fever and hit the ball as much as you can in Foosball Super Shooter! Choose your favourite team and try the 9 game modes to have hours of fun. Shoot unstoppable balls and climb to the top of the ranking. You won't stop playing! To every foosball fan out there, what are you waiting for? You can now play your favorite game online with your phone, computer or Tablet! Train your skills and become the best player in the pub thanks to Foosball Super Shooter. It’s so easy and fun to play that you will want to play all day long. Pick your favorite team from the country of your choice. You can choose between 16 different countries from all around the world: Germany, The Faroe Islands, Portugal, England, Cameroon, Brazil, Japan, Mexico, Korea, Nigeria, Italy, Argentina, France, Spain, Saudi Arabia and the USA. Each one of them has a different player system which determines the position of your 7 players. Added to that, every team has a special move: the fireshoot, the triple shoot, the dribble shoot, or the twin shoot, but only the captain of the team can perform the Special Shoot. The captain is the one that has a star under his feet and he only can perform that move when the Special Bar is complete, which grows every time you make a pass. In Foosball Super Shooter you will be able to win 9 different competitions. You will have to start with the FSS Championship, the 4 Nations Cup and the Superclassic Cup. Once you win those three tournaments you will gradually unblock the others, starting with the International Cup, and then the CDA Tournament, the Confederations Cup, the 6 Nations Cup, the Olympic Games and the World Cup. Play against three teams each time, score two goals, win and become the best foosball player! So grab your iPhone, Android phone, Tablet, iPad or computer and shoot as much as you can with Foosball Super Shooter, the funniest htlm5 online game for free, with no downloads or installations required.
          Brazil's Billion-Dollar Boondoggle        
I know Forbes loves stories about billionaires, so here's one about the most disgusting billionaire in Brazil -- the national stadium in the capital, Brasilia. Brazil's national team arrives here today for their match Monday against the worst team in the World Cup, Cameroon. They'll play in the brand-new stadium built just [...]
          U.S. Women Beat Nigeria 1-0, Win Group And Advance To Elimination Rounds        
Updated at 12:15 p.m. ET On June 17: U.S. veteran Abby Wambach, making her second start of the World Cup, scored her first goal of the tournament and the 183rd of her storied international career to push the Americans past Nigeria on Tuesday in Vancouver, Canada. The 1-0 victory allowed the U.S. to win Group D and advance into the elimination rounds, where they'll face another group's third-place team on Monday, followed by a possible matchup against Cameroon or China later next week. The Americans dominated the match, taking twice as many shots as the Nigerians. Nigeria's players also got into foul trouble, finding themselves the recipients of multiple yellow cards. Defender Sarah Nnodim got two of them, resulting in a red card and her ejection from the game. The loss to the U.S. eliminated Nigeria. In the other Group D game, Australia tied Sweden, taking second place and advancing to face Brazil. Sweden ended in third place, but may still have another match, as four of the six third
          Boko Haram        
Despite the headlines about Syria and ISIS, the number one terrorist group is Boko Haram in Nigeria.

StrategyPage has a long detailed post on that war, and on the multinational African forces that are fighting them. Things are improved partly because the new president is fighting some of the terrible corruption.

and then we have this:


:The UN revealed that there are now over 2.2 million refugees from Boko Haram violence. In addition several hundred thousand people in neighboring Chad, Niger and Cameroon have also been displaced by Boko Haram violence. 

hmm...haven't heard much about these refugees, but I suspect if you look closer, a lot of those "Syrian" refugees will turn out to be fleeing Nigeria or Saharan terrorist groups. And of course these Saharan groups make money by smuggling drugs and refugees from Europe.
          Les relations culturelles franco-camerounaises de 1960 à 2000: Approche historique.        
Etudes Européennes, Paris 3 Sorbonne nouvelle
juillet, 2010

RESUME/ ABSTRACT Titre : Les relations culturelles franco-camerounaises de 1960 à 2000. Le Cameroun accède à l’indépendance le 1er janvier 1960. Le 13 novembre 1960, la France signe avec le Cameroun une série d’accords de coopération qui couvrent divers domaines tant civils que militaire. En observant cette série d’accords de coopération, l’on se rend compte que le volet culturel occupe les ¾ de la coopération franco-camerounaise depuis 1960. Ce sujet ne traite pas de la coopération franco-camerounaise en général, mais des volets culturels, contenus dans la convention culturelle franco-camerounaise, qui est la base juridique de ces relations. Les relations culturelles franco-camerounaises ont évolué en dents de scie ; tantôt denses et chaleureuses (décennie 60 et 90), tantôt froides et tendues (70-80). Ceci s’explique par les enjeux qui entourent ces relations culturelles. Pour la France, la culture reste l’instrument fondamental de sa politique étrangère. Les objectifs sont la diffusion de la culture française par : la langue française à travers les instruments classiques que sont les centres culturels français et les alliances franco-camerounais., la présence audio-visuelle française dans le monde à travers des médias tels TV5, RFI et CFI. Pendant la guerre froide, l’objectif principal était d’éviter que ne tombent certains Etats de son pré carré sous l’influence de l’un où l’autre bloc. A partir des années 90, la France intensifie son action culturelle au Cameroun, principalement pour faire front à la montée en puissance des anglo-saxons. Elle initie un combat en faveur de l’exception culturelle dans le cadre de la Francophonie. Côté camerounais, l’influence culturelle française a toujours été vue d’un regard méfiant. Tolérée sous Ahidjo pour des besoins de sécurité intérieure, ce dernier prend ses distances dès lors que l’unité et la stabilité du Cameroun sont assurées en 1972. Sous Biya, après des débuts plutôt froids dans la décennie 80, les relations culturelles franco-camerounaises connaissent depuis les années 90 leur apogée. Ceci est dû à la fin de la guerre froide, au retour du Cameroun dans la communauté francophone en 1991, à la crise économique, aux Etats généraux de la culture et de l’éducation nationale et surtout au pressions américaines pour des questions démocratiques au Cameroun. Les relations culturelles franco-camerounaises touchent des volets divers comme l’assistance technique, l’enseignement supérieur, l’éducation, les activités culturelles. Le Cameroun fait partie de la Zone de solidarité prioritaire (ZSP) et bénéficie dont d’un caractère préférentiel dans la politique culturelle extérieure de la France. Mots clés : France, Cameroun, Relations culturelles, coopération, assistance technique. Topic : The French-Cameroonian cultural relations from 1960 till 2000. Cameroon reaches the independence on January 1st, 1960. On November 13th, 1960, France and Cameroon signed a series of agreements of cooperation which covered diverse domains so civil as military. By observing this series of agreements of cooperation, we realize that the cultural part occupies ¾ some French-Cameroonian cooperation since 1960. This subject does not deal with the French-Cameroonian cooperation generally, but the cultural parts, contained in the French-Cameroonian cultural agreement(convention), which is the legal base of these relations. The French-Cameroonian cultural relations evolved uneven; sometimes dense and warm (decade 60 and 90), sometimes cold and tense (70-80). This explains by the stakes which surround these cultural relations. For France, the culture remains the fundamental instrument of its foreign policy. The objectives are the diffusion of the French cultural influence by: the French language, through the classic instruments that are the French cultural centers and the French-Cameroonian alliances. The French broadcasting(audivisual) presence in the world through media such as TV5, RFI and CFI. During the cold war, the main objective was to avoid that fall certain africans states squared under the influence of the one or the other block.. In Cameroonian side, the French cultural influence was always seen by a suspicious glance. Tolerated under Ahidjo for needs of internal safety(security), he distances oneself since the unity and the stability of Cameroon was insured in 1972. Under Biya, after debuts rather cold in the decade 80, the French-Cameroonian cultural relations know since the 90s their peak. This is due to the end of the cold war, on the return of Cameroon in the French-speaking community in 1991, the economic crisis, in the general States of the culture and the Education and especially in American pressures for democratic questions in Cameroon. The French-Cameroonian cultural relations touch diverse sectors as the technical support, the higher education, the education, the cultural activities. Cameroon is a part of the Zone of priority solidarity ( ZSP) and benefits from preferential character in the outside cultural policy of France. But these cultural relations have perverse effects in Cameroon, in term of acculturation, in spite of the role played by the general states of the culture and the education. Finally, in spite of some positive points as the linguistic unity which played a role in the national integration in Cameroon, Cameroonians judge badly the intense French culturals activities in Cameroon. Key Words: France, Cameroon, cultural relations, coopération, technical assistance.
          Cameroon to face Ivory Coast after winning African Nations group        
Cameroon defeated DR Congo 3-1 on Monday to advance to the African Nations Championship quarterfinals as Group B winners. Yazid Atouba opened the scoring for Cameroon five minutes before the break, only for Jean-Marc Makusu to equalise for DR Congo, who had already advanced, three minutes after play resumed. But Cameroon were soon back on top through Moumi Ngamaleu and a third goal from Samuel Nlend sealed the result. Cameroon will face Ivory Coast in the quarterfinals on Saturday, while DR Congo...
          Ghana beat Mauritius and Cameroon win in African Nations Cup qualifiers        
Ghana thrashed Mauritius 7-1 in their opening 2017 African Nations Cup qualifier in Accra. The Group H favourites were ahead after just 10 minutes against Mauritius, who are ranked 176th in the FIFA World Ranking -- some 142 places below their hosts. Christian Atsu opened the scoring, heading home a Harrison Afful cross for his ninth international goal, and it was 2-0 shortly afterwards when Jordan Ayew was presented with a tap-in by Jeffrey Schlupp. J. Ayew's mum Maha celebrates Ghana's...
          Nigeria edge Ethiopia, Cameroon held        
African champions Nigeria scored a late penalty to come from behind and seal a 2-1 win over Ethiopia in the first leg of their CAF World Cup playoff. A Nigeria fan shows his support for his side. A goalless first-half saw Ethiopia on top throughout, and they took a deserved lead when Nigeria goalkeeper Vincent Enyeama misjudged a cross from Behailu Assefa in the 56th minute and let the ball over the line. It was adjudged to have crossed the line before the 'keeper could claw...
          Various: Pop Makossa – The Invasive Dance Beat of Cameroon 1976-1984 review – gloriously fresh        

(Analog Africa)

First popularised in the west by saxophonist Manu Dibango with his unexpected 1970s hit Soul Makossa, makossa is one of the great dance styles of west Africa. It’s the national music of Cameroon, and was created when traditional rhythms fused with rumba and funk in the cities. The songs here were recorded during a classic era for the style, but at a time when African music was still largely unknown in the west, yet they still sound gloriously fresh, thanks largely to the compelling and insistent basslines that dominate every track. Cameroon is famed for its remarkable bass players, and the bass work here is hypnotic, whether providing the backing for funk guitar on the stomping Pop Mokassa Invasion or on Bill Loko’s soulful hit from 1980, Nen Lambo. This is not just an intriguing African music history lesson, it’s an exuberant dance set.

Continue reading...
          Project Manager (Asset Audit and Tagging) at IHS Towers        

IHS Towers is the largest independent mobile telecommunications infrastructure provider in Europe, Africa and the Middle East.  Founded in 2001, IHS provides services across the full tower value chain – colocation on owned towers, deployment and managed services. Today IHS Towers has operations in Nigeria, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Zambia and Rwanda. Following the recent acquisitions […]

The post Project Manager (Asset Audit and Tagging) at IHS Towers appeared first on Career Hob.


          World Cup Sounds #29: Ivory Coast        
It’s something that will probably be lost to time and forgotten about entirely, but one of the most disappointing things about this World Cup is that so many African stars, given the first chance to represent their nations in their own continent on the world’s biggest stage, never got the opportunity. Cameroon’s Samuel Eto’o can […]
          Cameroon and its former tutors        
Researches in international relations show various results on the domination nature of relations between the tutelary power of a country and its socio-economic fate. Under the prism of these dominant-dominated relations, it seemed judicious and timely to analyze the nature of the multiform relationships between Cameroon and its former tutelary powers, as well as the dynamics recorded in bilateral relations in a context of globalization. The purpose of these analyzes is to understand better the processes that have structured these captive relationships and to explore its patterns of deconstruction of dependence.
          The President of the Republic honours Athletes at Unity Palace        
The President of the Republic and Mrs Chantal BIYA will offer a reception on Thursday, 10 August 2017 at 3 p.m. at Unity Palace, in honour of Cameroonian athletes who won medals in international competitions…
          Milliardaires du pétrole, bidonvilles et gratte-ciels : l’incroyable visage du Nigéria [+vidéo]        
Entre sa croissance fulgurante et la menace terroriste de la secte islamiste Boko Haram, le Nigéria, première puissance économique d’Afrique, est aujourd’hui à la croisée des chemins. Deux millions de barils sont extraits chaque jour par des entrepreneurs devenus milliardaires. … Continue reading
          Presidential Couple Honours Athletes        
[Cameroon Tribune] Following is a press release from the Presidency
          National Football Academy – Bord Meeting to Hold On August 16        
[Cameroon Tribune] The Board Chairman of the National football Academy (ANAFOOT) informs the administrators of the first ordinary session of the Board of directors to hold on Wednesday 16 August 2017 at 10.00 am in the Conference Hall of Ahmadou … Continue reading
          Celebrating With the Heroes        
[Cameroon Tribune] Since January 2017 Cameroon has won over 200 medals in diverse international competitions.
          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          The big (unsustainable) export trade of wild pygeum bark from Cameroon        

The commercial supply of pygeum bark, obtained mainly from wild Prunus africana trees, is a product of African biodiversity. Pygeum trees occur in Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Nigeria, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania, among other African co


          Kenya's Reelected Leader Must End Horrifying Anal Exams        
Commentary

Will President Uhuru Kenyatta nudge his nation toward the future or keep it in the past?

WorldKenya's Reelected Leader Must End Horrifying Anal ExamsEric Gitari

Kenya, the economic and political powerhouse of Eastern and Central Africa, held an election this week to choose the fifth president of the country since independence. While the vote is still being contested by opposition leader Raila Odinga, it appears that incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta just won a second and final term. When it comes to defending the human rights of Kenya’s LGBTIQ citizens, Kenyatta’s record is critically important to our emerging democracy.

During President Obama’s visit to Kenya in 2015, Kenyatta said, “We share a lot of things, but gay issues are not among them. ... There are some things that we must admit we don't share. It's very difficult for us to impose on people that which they themselves do not accept. This is why I say for Kenyans today the issue of gay rights is really a nonissue." Kenyatta was responding to Obama, who emphasized the need for Kenya to stop discriminating against gays and lesbians, saying, “I've been consistent all across Africa on this. When you start treating people differently because they're different, that's the path whereby freedoms begin to erode. And bad things happen.”

During an interview with CNN in October 2015, Kenyatta underlined that what he meant when responding to Obama was not that gays have no rights. "I will not allow people to persecute any individuals, or beat and torture them," he said, adding that "we have to understand that these are processes and they take time ... and this is where I am saying we have to get synergies. You are not going to create the U.S., Great Britain, or Netherlands in Kenya, or in Nigeria or Senegal overnight."

President Kenyatta’s lack of leadership on LGBTIQ issues is of great concern. The unsupportive public statements have offered license to state officers who continue to harass and arrest gays and lesbians; political cover to those who deny LGBTIQ citizens access to medical, educational, and other social services; and a justification for hate crimes committed by the general public. The use of forced anal exams to “prove” homosexual activity stands out as a particularly brutal form of torture in this larger context.

From 2015 to March 2017, senior state officers in Kenya have been encouraging police to use forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women to prove the crime of private consensual homosexual adult sex, which is punishable with 14 years imprisonment. The outdated practice, which has so far been perfomed on two of our clients and has been used as a threat on others, involves a doctor inserting fingers or objects inside the rectum of a detainee, measuring the anus to assess indications of penetration, or even simply spotlighting the anus to check for bruises or tears. This practice, which has been upheld as valid by the High Court of Kenya, only serves to degrade and humiliate suspected gay men, since no further medical analysis is performed to prove the penetration was the result of consensual sexual activity by another man. These tests serve no evidentiary value in proving the crime of private consensual homosexual adult sex, and they have been denounced by medical and forensic athorities around the world.

In Africa, forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women have been reported in Tanzania, Egypt, Tunisia, Uganda, and Cameroon. The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights noted in 2016 that forced anal examination constitutes torture. It has asked African states to respect Resolution 275 of the commission, which forbids violence and discrimination on the basis of real or imputed sexual orientation and gender identity. It also should be noted that Kenya has robust antitorture legislation, which defines torture to include the insertion of objects into sexual organs, including the anus. Unfortunately, there is little political will to extend the equal protection and equal benefits of such laws to gay men and trans women, who are now at risk of these forced anal examinations.

In this context, where there is no political will to enforce the law equally and where court appeals against the use of forced anal examinations languish in Kenyan courts, and with cases of blackmail, extortion, and detention of gay men and trans women on the rise, the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission of Kenya and the Council for Global Equality have asked the U.S. government to sanction those who are responsible for this barbaric practice. Together, we have lodged an application with the U.S. State Department under the Global Magnitsky Act to sanction senior Kenyan officers and medical professionals who are encouraging or performing forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women, arguing that these practices amount to torture or cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment. We hope the public discourse that the Global Magnitsky application brings will shine a spotlight on the cruelty of this procedure, highlighting the pointless and irreversible injury it causes to the dignity of the victim. 

This is just one human rights issue that will determine Kenya’s commitment to democracy and the rule of law. President Kenyatta will have to show leadership in ending this act of torture and many other forms of violence and discrimination against LGBTIQ citizens. He must also engage diplomatically to avoid sanctions against senior individual state officers and to uphold the international reputation of Kenya as a regional leader when it comes to democracy and equality.

ERIC GITARI is the executive director of the NGLHRC-Kenya and an LL.M. student at Harvard Law School.

00
          Fideliosity        
It's a rare moment in an opera company's life when the fates conspire to allow for performances of Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio. It doesn’t matter where you are: so many things are repeated before Fidelio comes up even once. Don’t get me wrong – I’m not against experiencing anything by Verdi or Puccini any time! But I am rather wildly excited to watch Fidelio take the stage here at HGO.

Fidelio opens here at HGO on October 28; we just started rehearsals today. For the next several weeks, we will use this space to take a closer look at the production, the music, and the cast of Fidelio, and you’ll meet some of the people involved in making it happen at HGO. Check back on Mondays throughout October for new postings.

In its 57 seasons, HGO has performed Fidelio only twice: in the 1970-71 season, in the teeth of the Vietnam conflict (and the American League Baseball strike), and in the 1983-84 season, a time of simmering unrest in Iran, Iraq, Cameroon and elsewhere, less than a decade before the fall the Berlin wall. We offer it now, as part of our 57th season, with five performances starting October 28, 2011. Who knows what resonances this 206-year-old opera might offer up in the wake of the Arab Spring?

Why such a rarity? HGO Artistic Director Patrick Summers shares some of his thoughts here.

Fidelio is famously difficult to sing, demanding a cast that is born, not made. In the 1970s, HGO's Leonore was the late, great Leonie Rysanek; in 1983 it was the extraordinary and powerful Hildegard Behrens. Our 21st-century Leonore is the great Finnish soprano, Karita Mattila, heard and seen here in a selection from acclaimed Metropolitan Opera performances in the same role. That clip, by the way, is the production we’re doing here at HGO, magnificently conceived by the great director Jürgen Flimm. Our Florestan – a whopping great role that requires a singer of substantial power and finesse as well as charisma – is the brilliant Simon O’Neill. Check out his recording of “Gott! Welch dunkel hier” from Act 2.

To get ready for Fidelio, subscribers are invited to join us for "From Mozart to Romanticism: Fidelio in Context" – a free event (reservations required - RSVP to subscriberevent@hgo.org) on October 10 at 6:00 p.m. Associate director Gina Lapinski and HGOco Director Sandra Bernhard will discuss the shift from Mozart and the Enlightenment to Beethoven and the Romantic Era, examining a society in transition from Revolution to freedom through the lens of its creative and artistic output.

          2002 World Cup team ratings        

An elimination tournament does not, by its nature, produce overall standings. You can construct a table by points, of course, but it will not take into account the differences in games played and opponents' strengths. I wanted, just for fun, to devise an objective (which doesn't mean meaningful) way to rate and rank the 32 teams in the World Cup. After several iterations, here's the scheme I came up with.

For each team I calculated a raw efficiency rating based on their points per game. At 3 points for a win, 1 for a tie and none for a loss, with 2 bonus points for making it to the elimination stage, I added up each team's points, divided by an expected point total of 4/3 * games-played (figuring an average result for three round-robin games would have been a win, a tie and a loss), and then added 1, anticipating later multiplication, so that the resulting ratings start at 1 instead of 0.

I then went back and used those ratings as a measure of opponent's strength, assigning each match for each team the product of the points gained (again 1-base (4/2/1) rather than 0-base (3/1/0)) and the opponent's raw rating. Add those values up and average them, and then add a 1-point bonus for making it to the elimination stage. This approach takes no account of goals for or against, and does not make any attempt at incorporating any information (like FIFA rankings) from outside the tournament. Nonetheless, it produces the following interesting set of adjusted ratings:


1Brazil10.12
2Germany7.92
3Turkey7.59
4Spain7.47
5South Korea7.45
6England6.87
7USA6.53
8Mexico6.15
9Senegal6.05
10Japan5.81
11Denmark5.63
12Belgium5.58
13Ireland5.24
14Italy5.18
15Sweden5.13
16Poland4.59
17Paraguay4.51
18Croatia4.31
19Costa Rica4.23
20Argentina4.04
21Portugal3.99
22Ecuador3.94
23Cameroon3.85
24South Africa3.78
25Uruguay3.40
26Russia3.33
27Nigeria3.10
28Tunisia3.02
29France2.73
30China2.69
31Saudi Arabia2.41
32Slovenia2.41


Since all that math was totally arbitrary, there is no reason to believe these numbers mean anything, but I'm surprised how well they seem to accord with my subjective intuition. And the table passes the obvious sanity checks: the top and bottom are right, South Korea is penalized a little bit for playing and losing an extra game, almost (but not quite) all the second-round teams come in ahead of the teams that were eliminated in the first, and France barely edges out the three teams that didn't gain any points.

So I'm going with it. As far as I'm concerned, the US is now temporarily the 7th best men's soccer nation on the planet.

           Preliminary examination of integrated vector management in a tropical rainforest area of Cameroon         
Matthews, G.A., Dobson, H.M., Nkot, P.B., Wiles, T.L. and Birchmore, M. (2009) Preliminary examination of integrated vector management in a tropical rainforest area of Cameroon. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 103 (11). pp. 1098-1104. ISSN 0035-9203 (doi:10.1016/j.trstmh.2009.03.003 )
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          A Flood of Myths        
Guest post

It's a story we're all familiar with. A man is divinely warned of a coming flood and is commanded to build a boat. He takes his family and all the animals on board and rides out the storm, which wipes out the rest of humanity. When the storm stops, his boat grounds itself on a mountain, and he sends out birds to see if the land is dry. He exits the boat and brings sacrifices to the deity.

Who is that man? Noach, of course! Or is it? Maybe it's Ziusudra, or Atrahasis, or Utnapishtim, or Xisuthrus. All of them are the protagonists of Ancient Near Eastern myths that suspiciously similar to Noach's story.

Isn't that amazing? Here we have proof that the mabul really happened! Independent corroboration from sources outside the Torah that Noach really built the teivah!

Except… what if their stories aren't a corroboration of Noach's? What if Noach's story and the others are corroborating Utnapishtim's story? Is there a reason to privilege Noach's story as the "real" one? It's the one we're all most familiar with, the one that appears in the Torah, and that gives it primacy in our minds. But all of these stories were part of the religious literature of their cultures, as familiar to the people who told them as Noach is to us. If we point to the other stories as proof that Hashem told Noach to build the teivah and brought the mabul to wipe out the sinful generation, doesn't that mean that the Assyrians could point to Noach and the other stories as proof that the god Ea told Utnapishtim to build a boat and the gods brought a flood to cleanse an overpopulated world?

That doesn't seem right.

While the flood myths of the ANE, including the story of Noach, differ in the names of their protagonists and in some details, they also share many similarities and even whole passages with each other, indicating that these are all retellings of the same story. They share a global flood; a god warning the protagonist, instructing him to build a boat, and to take animals aboard; the destruction of the rest of humanity; landing on a mountain; sending out birds; and the protagonist sacrificing to the god(s) after the flood.

There are other flood myths from all over the world, probably because settlements are often built next to water, and rivers, lakes, and oceans tend to flood. It is only the stories from the Ancient Near East, though, that are so similar. The differences between the ANE myths and flood myths from other parts of the world indicate that the flood myths from around the world are not a shared memory of a world-wide flood. That there are flood myths in so many different cultures indicates that this was a typical type of story for cultures to develop, and the ANE myth is no more likely to be grounded in literal history than any other. And the similarities between the ANE myths indicate that the story of Noach in the Torah is one among many versions of a popular ANE myth, no more likely to be the original than any of the other versions.

Let's look at a few of the ANE myths and at a sampling of other flood myths from around the world. I chose the world myths more or less at random from a list of dozens of myths at talkorigins.org. I picked one from each continent / region, and chose samples that were long enough to have enough details to compare to other myths, but short enough to be quickly summarized. First I'll summarize each myth, then compare them to each other in a chart.

ANE Myths
The Bible:
God warned Noach that He would bring a flood to wipe out the sinful people of the Earth and commanded him to bring aboard all of the animals, which he did. Noach, his three sons, their wives, and the animals were the only survivors of the forty day flood. After the rain stopped, Noach sent out a raven, which returned, then sent out a dove, which returned, then sent it our again, and it retuned with an olive branch, showing the water had receded. Noach left the ark and sacrificed to God. God showed Noach a rainbow as a promise that he wouldn't flood the world again.[1]

Sumerian
The god Enlil warns Ziusudra about the comng flood and tells him to build a boat and take animals and birds on board. The flood covered the Earth for a week, after which Ziusudra opened a window, allowing the sunlight in.[2] He leaves the boat and sacrifices a sheep and an ox to the gods, who grant him eternal life for preserving all of the animals.[3]

Babylonian
 The gods are concerned about human overpopulation. The god Enki warns Atrahasis that a flood was coming that would wipe everything out, and he should build a boat.  Atrahasis built the boat and brought his family, animals, and birds on board.[4]After the flood, Atrahasis makes an offering to the gods. Enki created barrenness in women and stillbirth to avoid the problem in the future.[5]

Assyrian,  The Epic of Gilgamesh (from the Royal Library at Nineveh) (Originally Sumerian)
The god Ea warns Utnapishtim of the coming flood. Utnapishtim builds a boat and brings on board his family, the craftsmen who helped him build the boat, and "all seed of life." The flood killed all the people. After the rain stopped, the boat landed on the top of Mt. Nisur, the only spot not covered by water. Utnapishtim released a dove, which returned, then a sparrow, and then finally a raven, which did not return. Everyone left the boat, and Utnapishtim sacrificed to the gods. The gods gave Utnapishtim  and his wife immortality.[6][7]

Chaldean
The god Cronos appeared to the king Xisuthrus and warned him that a flood was coming whish would destroy humanity. Cronos commanded Xisuthrus to write a history of the world, and to build a boat anf take aboard his family, friends, and all the animals and birds. When the flood stopped, Xisuthrus sent out birds, which returned. The second time, the birds returned with mud on their feet. The third time, they didn't come back. After exiting the boat, Xisuthrus found he was on the side of a mountain. He brought sacrifices to the gods.[8]

World Myths
Greek (Europe)
The god Prometheus warns his son, Deucalion, that Zeus is going to send a flood to wipe out all people, and instructs him to build a chest. Zeus floods most of Greece, and everyone is killed, except for Deucalion and his wife and a few people who fled to the mountains.[9]  After the flood Deucalion brings sacrifices to Zeus.[10]

Cameroon (Africa)
A girl was grinding flour, and allowed a goat to eat from it. In return, the goat warned her a flood was coming. She and her brother ran away. After the flood they saw their village underwater. They lived alone, until the goat returned an told them they may marry each other.[11]
(A brother and sister / mother and son / father daughter being the only survivors of their village and marrying each other is a recurring theme in these myths, and brings to mind the story of Lot and his daughters after the destruction of Sodom.)

Vogul (Asia)
The Great Woman warned the Great Man that rains were coming. The Great Man told the rest of the giants to make boats and anchor them to trees. When the rains came, all who had not made boats were killed, along with all plants, animals, and even fish. Starving, the survivors prayed to the god Numi-târom, who recreated living things.[12]

Bhil (India)
A fish warned Dhobi that a flood was coming. Dhobi prepared a box in which he rode out the flood with his sister and a rooster. After the flood the god Rama discovered Dhobi when the rooster crowed. Rama told Dhobi to marry his sister to repopulate the earth.[13]

Fiji (Oceana)
The grandsons of the god Ndengei killed his favorite bird and fled to the mountains. There with the help of some carpenters they built a fortress and withstood Ndengei's armies for three months. Ndengei flooded the earth, and the rebels prayed for help. Rokoro, the god of carpenters, brought them canoes, and they picked up survivors of the flood.[14]

Cree (North America)
While Wissaketchak was in his canoe a sea monster tried to kill him, and used its tail to create huge waves which flooded the land. Wissaketchak built a raft and gathered pairs of all animals and birds. He sent a duck to find the bottom, but it couldn't. Next he sent a muskrat, which returned with its throat full of slime.( An alterative version has Wissaketchak sending out a raven and a woodpigeon.) Wissaketchak made the slime into a disc, and this floated on the water and grew, and this is the land that everyone lives on today.[15]

Ipurina  (South America)
The birds collecting things and threw them into a kettle of boiling water. Mayuruberu, the cretor of birds, threw a stone into the kettle, which caused the hot water to splash over the side and flood the world, burning everything. All plants except the cassia tree were destroyed. The sloth crawled up into the tree and threw down kernels, which brought back the sun. The sloth asked Mayuruberu for crops, Mayuruberu brought new plants, and the Ipurina went to work in their fields.[16]


Comparison
Myth
Divine warning of flood
Builds a boat
Takes animals on board
flood wipes out all life not on boat
boat stops on mountain
sends out birds three times
sacrifices to the deity
given eternal life
ANE myths








Bible
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

Sumerian
X
X
X
X


X
X
Babylonian
X
X
X
X


X

Assyrian (Gilgamesh)
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Chaldean
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

World myths








Greek
X





X

Cameroon








Vogul

X

X




Bhil



X




Fiji
Top World News Now                 
February 21, 2013

COURTESY SOCHA FAAL

 Heads up from AntiMullah. Separate vacations and Obambi brings Reggie Love back with  him. If you do  not know what this is, you need to visit/view AntiMullah.com more often to keep up with latest developments.

Tone and content reflects information not normally provided by Lame Stream Media's love fest with Obambi. And worldwide events that discredit his claims and motives for anti-American, pro-Moslem Brotherhood policies and actions.
 
Read and become knowledgeable and stop believing the incredible lies Obama feeds us at every opportunity. Lies his own Democrats increasingly have a problem swallowing and are intentionally leading our nation into certain fiscal and political destruction.


United States
GOP Resists Obama's Push for Tax Rise to Head Off Cuts
Obama Fleshes Out Plans for Infrastructure Projects
Obama considers urging the Supreme Court to overturn California’s ban on gay marriage
White House announces online espionage response policy
US issues final word on essential benefits under "Obamacare"
Anonymous thrown into China-US cyberwar scandal
Pentagon informs Congress of plans to furlough 800K civilian workers
In wake of Benghazi, rapid response Marine unit heading to Europe
US issues worldwide caution to its citizens of terror threats
Body found in restaurant rubble after Kansas City explosion
Why Americans Might Be Better Off If Their Burgers Were Made Of Horsemeat
Sex-Change Surgery Available Through Many US Colleges
Majority of US citizens say illegal immigrants should be deported
Hundreds of thousands march in Puerto Rico against gay rights
 
 

Russia
Putin Invites G20 Leaders to St. Petersburg Summit
Migrant workers call on Putin for amnesty
Lavrov: Time to end the war in Syria
Moscow: N. Korea sanctions can only impact nuclear program
IMF warns of higher inflation, slower GDP growth in Russia
Russia's missing billions revealed
Russia Tries To Remove Images of New Drone From the Internet
Russian Military to Develop Anti-Meteorite Defenses
Russia investigates 25 cases of Defense Ministry fraud - Prosecutor General
MP resigns after bloggers disclose his Florida property
Russia escalating attacks on free expression a year on from Pussy Riot protest
‘Ample Evidence’ Linking Ukraine Ex-President to Journalist Murder
French Specialists Resume Work at Chernobyl Disaster Site
Ukraine: Embezzlement At State Orphanages
Belarus Phases Out Russian Warplanes, Radars
 
 

China
Xi Jinping's campaign to purge Communist Party 'won't be easy'
Incumbent cabinet holds final meeting
China's central banker skips retirement bar to stay on
Manila to tackle sea row 'with or without China' at UN
Attacks originating from US rank 1st among overseas hackings in China
Photos show new activity at N Korea nuclear site
Spy agencies scrounge for details on North Korean nuclear test
North Korea: A nuclear 7-Eleven?
N Korean propaganda video shows Obama in flames
US Envoy Opposes S Korean Nuclear Armament
Rise in online fan clubs extolling China's party leaders
After China's multibillion-dollar cleanup, water still unfit to drink
Smog in Pearl River Delta 'worse than in Beijing'
Maoists Block Deal to Break Nepal's Long Political Deadlock
 
 

Cameron to pay respects to victims of Amritsar massacre
Cameron's India trip hits wobble with concern over helicopter deal
Sars-like virus death reported in UK
New coronavirus can infect human lungs as easily as cold virus
Magdalene laundries: Ireland to apologise to survivors
Iranian torture guard refused UK citizenship
Britain expands "bigger than burgers" horsemeat tests
Regulator warns Britain 'on the brink' of energy crisis
Scotland 'faces EU funding cut'
Tanker drivers in Scotland vote to strike
Belfast Orange Order warns members over flag protests
One in four Africans attacked in Ireland
 
 

Berlusconi accused of trying to buy votes days before election
After Bulgarian Protests, Prime Minister Resigns
Greek police fire tear gas on anti-austerity protesters
Greece welcomes Hollande with ‘news blackout’
Dutch experiment in legalised prostitution a disaster
Thieves in Belgium pull off most spectacular and dramatic diamond heist in years
Iceland considers dropping its currency
Lawmakers Threaten to Veto Tightened Budget
EU reinforces sanctions against DPRK
To Revive Honey Bees, Europe Proposes a Pesticide Ban
Anti-austerity strike to bring Greece to a standstill
Italy politicians make final drive for votes before poll
 
 

Berlusconi's possible comeback a nightmare for Angela Merkel
Merkel's Rainbow Problem: On Gay Rights, Chancellor Still a Conservative
German Officials Signal Berlusconi Isn't Their Man
Germany Sends Troops to Mali
German police raid firms over Ponzi scheme
Germany: Court Backs Adoption by Same-Sex Couples
Net activists slam Germany's open data portal
NSU victims' families want more than sympathy
Security staff at Hamburg airport to strike Wednesday in pay dispute
Swiss mayoral candidate 'pro-Hamas, pro-Iran'
Outgoing chairman of Switzerland's Novartis foregoes $78 million golden parachute deal
Norway is Afraid of Foreign Spies
 
 

Hollande: French soldier killed in northern Mali
Hollande confirms seven kidnapped in Cameroon
Hollande urges investment in Greece, growth in Europe
Hollande: France will miss 2013 growth target
French Kidnapped in Cameroon Were Taken Into Nigeria
France saw 58 percent rise in anti-Semitic attacks in 2012
Man arrested for serial attacks on Paris Chinese
France to unfreeze development aid to Mali
France Charges 11 In Alleged Kurdish Extortion Ring
 
 
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Syrian rebels threaten Hezbollah with 48-hour deadline
Syrian military reportedly shoots down Israel drone
US direct military support to Mali likely to continue after elections
Mortars Explode Near Assad Palace in Damascus
Missile kills more than 30 in Syria
Typhoid breaks out in rebel-held eastern Syria
Foreign Arms Supplies to Syrian Rebels Expanding
Pro-Assad militia now key to Syrian government’s war strategy
Russia's double dealing on arms to Assad regime leaves UK isolated over Syria
Syrian Rebels Threaten to Attack Lebanon Over Border Dispute
 
Insight Into Today’s News
Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
Norway Enters The Currency Wars
The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
The Last Liberal Branch of Government
US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets
 

Former foreign minister Livni joins Netanyahu coalition
Prisoner X: Benjamin Netanyahu adds to mystery
Secretary Kerry to skip Israel in first trip
Turkey, Israel Cut 1st Defense Deal Since Freezing Ties
Israel Seeks to Curb Weapons Flow to Gaza
West Bank protesters rally for release of deteriorating prisoners
Palestinian Prisoner's Hunger Strike Reaches 211th Day
Fatah Official Warns of Violence if Prisoners Aren't Freed
'Iron Dome' may be instrumental in peace process
Head of Israeli IVF unit arrested in Romania
 
 

 
 

Security deteriorating in Egypt due to political instability
Opposition Sets Conditions For Dialogue With Morsi
Morsi's advisory team less diverse after months of walkouts
Morsi Issues Presidential Decree to Appoint New Mufti
Strike, Protests Hit Egypt's Port Said for 3rd Day
Egyptians protest at Libyan border over new visa rules
Egypt ministry appeals against order to block YouTube
Egypt files new charges against Mubarak's last premier
2 Sunni groups halt roles in Bahrain crisis talks
A Palace Rift in Bahrain Bedevils Key US Navy Base
 

Iran to Conduct Military Drills Over 3 Days
Reformists Meet Khamenei To Improve 'Internal Climate'
Rivals Forced to Apologize to Supreme Leader
Ahmadinejad threat to cancel Iranian poll
Iran Pushes Nuclear-Free Mideast Plans
Syrian Prime Minister Claims Iran is Now “Occupying” Syria
MPs say sovereignty over three Persian Gulf islands is non-negotiable
Iran protests Berlin film award for banned Jafar Panahi
Fatwa Issued Against 3G Internet Operator in Iran
Iran FM Spurns Western 'Gold Trade' Offer
Stung by 'Argo,' Iran Backs Conference Denouncing 'Hollywoodism'
 
 


Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Increase your knowledge of the sustainable development and environmental issues that affect youth around the world.
Provide you with the skills that will enable you to contribute to positive change in the present state of the environment.
Work with a youth group to design and undertake an environmental/ sustainable development-related project.
Enable you to lead and support group activities that will help to promote environmentally sustainable development.
Design a project that gives clear expression to the principles of sustainable development.
Evaluate projects in terms of their contribution to sustainable development.

Who Should Attend?

Professionals of environment and Sustainable development departments.
Youth Workers, in government departments, corporates and NGOs.
Student activities coordinators.
Professionals responsible for policy formulation and strategy development in youth focused organizations.
Young Leaders
Schools and universities educators.

Program Outline

Day 1
Youth and sustainable development
Opportunities for young people
International Youth Federation (IYF)
The Caribbean Youth Environment Network (CYEN)
Youth as initiators
Youth as activists
The social environment
The relationship between the environment and development
Youth concerns and Responses

Day 2
Sustainable Development Project Elements
Environmental
Economic
Socio-cultural
Technological
Sustainable Development Strategies
The World Resources Institute model
Environmental and technological objectives
Economic and socio-cultural objectives
Socio-economic and cultural objectives
Ecological objectives

Day 3
The World Bank approach
The sustainability matrix
Sustainability as opportunity
Youth and Sustainable development Practical Case Studies
Young Conservationists Club (YCC), Thailand
Fiji National Youth Council (FNYC)
Association of Friends of Nature Clubs (ACAN), Cameroon
JEMS, St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Cost:

Certified


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11023387_772094602898687_2010512792_oVoir la version française plus bas!/ See the French version below!!!!! One Cameroon promotes unity amongst youths from all backgrounds in Cameroon. It promotes peace and unity between Muslims, Christians and Traditionalists in the context of increasing islamophobia. It encourages tolerance to the amazing diversity of the myriad of cultures, languages and peoples of Cameroon. […]
          Workshop for persons living with disabilities        
P1030388AFCIG organized a workshop for persons living with disabilities in Bamenda, North West Cameroon on 9th May 2015 as part of its project ‘Collective Action for the Promotion of the Rights of Youths Living with Disabilities (CAPRiY)’ project.  The workshop was facilitated by a team from the Coordination Unit of the Association of Persons Living […]
          ADVISORY: New Online Platform on Indigenous and Community Territories to Help Secure Land Rights Worldwide        

ADVISORY: New Online Platform on Indigenous and Community Territories to Help Secure Land Rights Worldwide

As Paris climate change talks approach, new web resource promises opportunities to protect human rights and limit emissions from deforestation

WHAT
The launch of LandMark, the first online, interactive global platform that provides maps and other information on lands collectively held and used by Indigenous Peoples and communities. The platform was created to fill a critical gap in information on indigenous territories and community lands, and provide a reference guide on the legal rights to these lands. LandMark was developed under the guidance of a 13-member Steering Group including indigenous coalitions and land rights and research organizations around the world.

Launch events are also taking place in Jakarta, Indonesia, and Lima, Peru.

Watch livestream: http://www.wri.org/events/2015/11/launch-landmark-global-platform-indigenous-and-community

SPEAKERS

  • KEYNOTE: Liz Alden Wily, Independent Land Tenure Specialist, Kenya
  • Alda Salomão, Director General, Centro Terra Viva-Estudos e Advocacia Ambiental, Mozambique
  • Andy White, Coordinator, Rights and Resources Initiative
  • Barun Mitra, Director, Liberty Institute, India
  • Brian Keane, Adviser for Indigenous Peoples Issues, U.S. Agency for International Development
  • Fabrice Dubertret, World Atlas of Indigenous Peoples Territories
  • Katie Reytar, Research Associate, World Resources Institute
  • Mark Robinson, Global Director, Governance, World Resources Initiative
  • Samuel Nguiffo, Secretary General, Centre pour l'Environnement et le Développement, Cameroon

WHEN
Tuesday, November 10, 2015, 9:00-11:00 AM

WHERE
Capitol View Business and Conference Center
101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20001

WHY
Indigenous and community forest rights that are legally recognized and protected by governments translate to low rates of deforestation and the maintenance of healthy forests with high carbon storage. Research finds that while Indigenous Peoples and local communities live and rely on up to 65 percent of the global land area, they only have ownership rights to 10 percent, leaving the vast majority of their territories at risk of predatory and environmentally destructive development.

Many governments today acknowledge customary land rights, but few have established the strong legal protections needed to secure tenure systems. Without strong legal protections, Indigenous Peoples and communities – especially in Africa, Asia and Latin America – are at risk of losing their land for economic development and commercial purposes, including mines, palm oil plantations, and timber concessions.

As we draw closer to the Paris climate talks, the LandMark platform will help shine a light on collectively-held lands around the world and provide an interactive look at where indigenous and community tenure rights are strong. This new tool will be continuously updated with additional maps and information as new data is collected.

To schedule an interview with a speaker at the conference, contact:
Jenna DiPaolo Colley, RRI, +1 202-412-0331, JDiPaolo@rightsandresources.org
Lauren Zelin, WRI, +1 202-729-7736, lzelin@wri.org


LandMark (Beta) was developed under the guidance of a 13-member Steering Group, including indigenous coalitions and land rights and research organizations around the world: Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN, Indonesia), Forest Peoples Programme (FPP, UK), Foundation for Ecological Security (FES, India), Instituto del Bien Común (IBC, Peru), International Land Coalition (ILC, Rome), Liz Alden Wily (Kenya), Philippine Association for Intercultural Development, Inc. (PAFID, Philippines), Rainforest Foundation UK (RFUK, UK), Red Amazónica de Información Socioambiental Georreferenciada (RAISG, Brazil), Rights and Resource Initiative (RRI, USA), Union of Indigenous Nomadic Tribes of Iran (UNINOMAD, Iran) / Centre for Sustainable Development (CENESTA, Iran), World Atlas of Indigenous Peoples' Territories (WAIPT, France), and World Resources Institute (WRI, Global).

Contact

Advisory
Governance

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          Free Proxy: 10-Aug-2017 08:00:03 NEW        
IP Proxy Address : 108.161.138.228:3128 / TransparentCountry : United States Last Check : 2017-08-10 05:00:10 IP Proxy Address : 118.179.151.38:53281 / TransparentCountry : Bangladesh Last Check : 2017-08-10 05:22:39 IP Proxy Address : 41.211.123.206:53281 / TransparentCountry : Cameroon Last Check : 2017-08-10 05:24:10 IP Proxy Address : 180.92.165.163:3128 / TransparentCountry : India Last Check : 2017-08-10 05:24:19 IP Proxy Address : 85.159.2.171:8080 / TransparentCountry : Ukraine Last Check : 2017-08-10 07:21:19 IP Proxy Address : 114.31.20.2:8080 / TransparentCountry : Bangladesh Last Check : 2017-08-10 07:21:25 IP Proxy Address : 115.124.73.82:88 / TransparentCountry : Indonesia Last Check : 2017-08-10 07:46:40 IP [&hellip
          The Treatment of Black Citizens and Civilians in the Range of Nazi Germany        
Hello, Friends!

I’m excited to introduce a new contributor to our blog, Olivia. She is one of my spring interns and is working on her Masters of Art in History at Liberty University. Her primary field is Modern American Military History focusing on leadership in World War II and the Korean Conflict. Her work seeks to bring to light those leaders and subordinates whose impact is often overlooked or undervalued. She has also presented at several conferences and won an award for her work on the Japanese American Nisei Soldiers. I am very excited to have Olivia on board and hope you enjoy her post on treatment of African Americans in Nazi Germany!

-Maggie

__________________________________________________________________

The horrors afflicted by Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 are ingrained in the world’s memory with the tragedy and loss still present in the minds of people around the globe. While the atrocities Nazi Germany afflicted on groups such as the Roma and Jewish communities are well known there are other groups, which also suffered at the hand of Nazi controlled Germany. One of these lesser-known groups the black and mulatto citizens of in reach of Nazi Germany.

Before World War I there were not many black German citizens living in Germany. When Germany lost World War I the Treaty of Versailles stated Germany was so give up her colonies in land that is present day Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Ghana, Togo, Cameroon, and Namibia. With the loss of these military outposts, military men and German colonial students, artisans, writers, and performers both white and black returned to Germany. Many military and colonial leaders also brought with them a system of deep racism and discrimination of black citizens. The Treaty of Versailles also stated troops were to occupy the Rhineland region of West Germany. The French assigned 200,00 soldiers both nationals and colonials to occupy the Rhineland. Racist propaganda groups in Germany quickly moved to compound the situation in order to spread racism and discrimination against blacks in the Rhineland and Germany. Propaganda viewed the black colonial French soldiers as rapist and carriers of disease. Other special interest groups blamed black soldiers for all of the unrest, rape, and murder of German women by the occupying forces, causing panic and uproar. This escalated and even resulted in Pope XV asking for the removal of black French troops and people writing to US President Woodrow Wilson demanding the removal of the black colonial troops. Even before Hitler’s rise to power, discrimination began with forbidding black citizens from holding any type of government jobs or roles in the military. Interracial marriage was also banned in Germany and all of its holdings.

However, with the rise of Hitler’s power in 1933 came wide spread persecution and further discrimination was implemented against blacks and mulattos living in Germany and the territories Hitler acquired. While there was never a program of systematic elimination, treatment of black citizens varied in levels of severity from discrimination and isolation to sterilization and medical experimentation. In Mein Kamph, Hitler stated that, “Jews had brought Negros into the Rhineland with the clear aim of running the hated while race by the necessarily-resulting bastardization.” In this statement Hitler used the previous post World War I tensions to push the German people to accepted racism and discrimination.

By 1937 the Germans decided something had to be done about the approximately 800 mixed raced children living in the Rhineland which Hitler deemed “an insult to the German Nation. Therefore, a committee created Commission Number 3, giving the German government power to start sterilizing mixed race children deemed “Rhineland Bastards”. As many as 400 German African mulatto children were gathered and sterilized, many with out the parents knowledge beforehand. Hans Hauck was a teenager at the time this organization was commissioned and was serialized by the Nazis. Hauck recalled in the documentary, “Hitler’s Forgotten Victims,” he was serialized without anesthesia. Once his procedure was completed he was given a certificate validating his procedure and told to avoid sex with German women. At the same time women who were found pregnant with mixed babies were forced to have abortions.  At the same time, persecution was also happening to the small population of full black German citizens.

Under Hitler’s rule all black citizens were banned from universities and in some cases the subjects of anthropological and medical studies, there were also cases of murder and abuse. Such is the case of Hilarius Gilges. Gilges was a 24-year-old native of Dusseldorf and an artist. In June of 1933 approximately a dozen SS officers attacked Gilges, captured, tortured, and killed the young man for his race identity and political affiliations. Today his life is memorialized in a plaza in Düsseldorf as the first marked death in Düsseldorf under the Nazi oppression. Others with similar stories are shared in published works such as Born to Witness: Growing Up Black in Nazi Germany, which tales the story of Hans Massaquoi who grew up during the War in Germany.


At the time Hitler and the Nazi’s came to power there were approximately 25,000 black or mulatto citizens in Germany out of population of 65 million. Taking into account the low population proportion of black and mixed German citizens during Hitler’s rule combined with the world wide level of accustomed prejudice and discrimination toward men and women with African heritage at the time it, is easy to see how the plight of those souls tortured and maimed by Nazi practices went unheard of for so many years. However, the policies of hatred and abuse toward those deemed “impure” or “a threat to the master race” practiced by Nazi Germany goes beyond the treatment of Roma, Jews, and Russians. The torment and pain Nazi Germany inflicted on the population of men, women, and children with African decent deserves to be told in shared with the same hope of never allowing such a travesty to occur in our lifetime and in future generations. 


-Olivia

          Fránçois and the Atlas Mountains Loop Nostalgic Resonances, African Sounds, and Sparkling Indie Rock on E Volo Love        
Francois11_1-c-LolaPerstows

In a centuries-old French church high on a hill, Malian-style finger-picked guitar riffs bounced off cabaret-ready piano lines. Whispering calabash brushed against shimmering minimal techno. All in service of a dreamy set of songs that became E Volo Love, tracks that straddle the catchiest of indie rock and electronica and the lush borders of globally inflected experimentation.

This is the world of Fránçois and the Atlas Mountains. Fránçois has opened for incandescent Afrobeat scion Femi Kuti, and he has played with effusive retro-rockers Camera Obscura. He’s leaped unexpectedly onto the indie scene in an English industrial town and learned to embrace the sounds of his native Southwestern France. He’s gotten lost in the outskirts of Fez and dug into the complexities of Senegalese mbalax’s rolling club beats.

Shaped by the quiet influence of West and North African sounds and by the gritty yet friendly vibe of Bristol’s underground arts scene, Fránçois and the Atlas Mountains make a return to roots—hometowns, lost loves, Western pop transformed in the crucibles of the Sahara or Dakar—utterly engaging and fresh.

Fránçois was raised on Serge Gainsbourg, Jacques Prévert, the classics of French pop and poetry. He also grew up hearing tales from Cameroon, where his mother spent her girlhood. Yet the rural French kid’s mind was blown when he first heard grunge and pounded on a distortion pedal, and he started making his own tapes.

When work took him to Bristol, England, Fránçois immediately jumped into a thriving scene, one that included both the speed-of-weed trip hop of groups like Portishead and Massive Attack, and a DIY-loving arts underground where experimentation and collaboration were welcome. Fránçois, merrily collecting a menagerie of instruments and accompanying himself live on keys he played with his feet, fit in perfectly and soon connected with bands from The Pastels to Movietone to Camera Obscura, who invited him to join.

Click here to read the rest of the article!

          Thousands returning to Nigeria face life-threatening lack of water        

Thousands of displaced persons returning from Cameroon are facing appalling conditions on arrival in Pulka in Northern Nigeria.

Despite repeated warnings to authorities by humanitarian organizations, including Oxfam, on severe water shortages and limited shelter in Pulka, an estimated 3,800 people have arrived over the last days, following their government-organised return from Cameroon to Nigeria.

Many of the refugee returnees seem to have been misinformed by promises of improved access to humanitarian assistance and safe return to their villages of origin outside the town. Unfortunately, those are not the realities in Pulka, where movement is restricted to the few square kilometers of the military perimeter, and aid agencies are struggling to provide a minimum level of services.

Earlier this year, a severe lack of available water was already a major health risk for the estimated 35,000 people crowded into displacement sites and vacant homes in Pulka. Due to continued insecurity, there is no hope that the displaced will be able to return to their villages in the near future.

Over the past three months, nearly 10,000 more people have arrived in Pulka from surrounding areas and from Cameroon. Humanitarian actors have warned consistently that the conditions in Pulka are neither dignified nor safe – and that alternatives must be found. Currently, people cannot count on much more than five liters of water per person per day, which is a far cry from the humanitarian minimum standard of 15 liters.

One woman, who had just arrived, told Oxfam “there is no food and no place to sleep. We are all staying outside with our children”, as she faced an uncertain future.

Every new busload of people hoping to return home, but delivered to the congested camp sites of Pulka, forces the little available water to be shared among more thirsty mouths, increasing the risks of disease and death.

Danielle Lustig, Oxfam's Emergency Coordinator for the Lake Chad region, says:

“People have already suffered immensely and we should not add more pain to their lives. They should only be relocated to places where there are sufficient basic services and provided with complete information about the conditions they will face. Any supported movements must be informed, safe, dignified and voluntary. Camps in Cameroon should continue to be a safe haven for people seeking refuge from the conflict.”

English
Parent page: 
Rights in Crisis
West Africa crisis
Notes to editors: 
  • Oxfam has been working in Pulka since February 2017, improving the limited access to water, constructing latrines and bathing facilities, distributing household items such as jerrycans and conducting public health promotion. Oxfam has also started a cash-for-work program for 600 households to support the rehabilitation of public infrastructure and drainage.
  • Spokespersons are available.
Contact information: 

Safiya Akau | Media Lead Humanitarian | +234 8085 662087 | Skype: sofszee | safiya.akau@oxfamnovib.nl

For updates, please follow @Oxfam.

Space only: 

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          Post Referendum        
The fact is that the Brexit camp is fighting an dreadful campaign. 

The fish rots from the head, and leadership is the first problem that the Brexiteers face. Farage and Johnson posture, but do not lead. Meanwhile Michael Gove has made his case and quietly returned to government. Only IDS continues his angry way, irritating his Conservative colleagues, but not really landing a blow. 

In the engine room, controversial but not competent figures such as Arron Banks or Dominic Cummings have a set a hostile and provocative tone which has even alienated their own supporters.

The campaign is divided- unable to put forward a clear vision of a post-EU future, because they can not agree on whether that should be completely separate, an association agreement, or full membership of the EEA. Meanwhile, despite the large amounts of cash available, the campaign is disorganised and increasingly dispirited. The polls are running increasingly against the Leave campaign.

A badly led, divided and weak Leave campaign was always going to struggle, but the unappealing personalities at the top seem to be condemning them to defeat, and possibly even a rout.

Of course nothing is certain, but from the point of view of the Conservatives, an unexpectedly wide margin of victory would open up several questions. Firstly the impact of a decisive victory on British politics could be interesting. Cameron has bet the farm on winning- and he has certainly proven extremely effective at destroying his enemies. 

The Lib Dems underestimated him, and not only did he put his tanks on their lawn, he pillaged their camp and scattered salt in their fields. In Scotland he has helped the SNP to rout Labour, and as the SNP tide turns, there is a real prospect that the Scottish Tories under Ruth Davidson (as Cameroon figure as there is in Scotland) could snatch a share of government in 2021, and many MPs in 2020. Labour is in disarray, and the chances of a recovery on either side of the border, for as long as Corbyn is in charge, seem ever more remote. 

So the biggest threat to the Prime Minister is the heidbangers on his own side. The bitterness amongst the Tory Leavers is palpable and in fact they may decline to function to the Tory whip in the coming months: the government only has a majority of 12, and there are many times that number who will be completely hostile to the Cameron-Osborne camp regardless. 

Then there is the cloud no bigger than a mans hand- the expenses scandal. IF that were to break, then the Conservatives would really be in trouble.

So even as Cameron seems set to complete another victory, having exorcised Scottish separatism and UKIP rejectionism, he still faces further battles. Although he is already quite a long serving PM, it may take another election before he can claim to have actually changed his party and his country, and the electoral commission or his own MPs may still deny him that chance- assuming that he even wants it.
          African Players with 10+ Goals in European Leagues - 2013/2014        
African players that scored 10 or more goals in top division European leagues in the 2013/2014 season.

Algeria
16 - El Arbi Hillel Soudani (Dinamo Zagreb: Croatia)

Angola
13 - Igor Vetokele (København: Denmark)

Cameroon
16 - Vincent Aboubakar (Lorient: France)
13 - Leandre Tawamba Kana (MFK Ružomberok: Slovakia)
11 - Mbilla Etame (Khazar Lankaran FK: Azerbaijan)
11 - Leonard Kweuke (Rizespor: Turkey)
10 - Maxim Choupo-Moting (Mainz: Germany)

Cape Verde Islands
11 - Garry Rodrigues (Levski Sofia: Bulgaria)
10 - Héldon (Sporting CP: Portugal)

Central African Republic
13 - Mouhamadou Habibou (KAA Gent: Belgium)

Comoros
15 - El Fardou Ben Nabouhane (Veria: Greece)

Congo
14 - Francis Litsingi (FK Teplice: Czech Republic)
10 - Prince Oniangué (Reims: France)

Côte d'Ivoire
20 - Yaya Touré (Manchester City: England)
18 - Seydou Doumbia (CSKA Moscow: Russia)
17 - Wilfried Bony (Swansea City: England)
16 - Salomon Kalou (Lille: France)
15 - Serge Deblé (FC Shirak: Armenia)
12 - Yannick Boli (Zorya Luhansk: Ukraine)
10 - Didier Drogba (Galatasaray: Turkey)

DR Congo
13 - Dieumerci Mbokani (Dynamo Kyiv: Ukraine)

Gabon
13 - Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Borussia Dortmund: Germany)

Gambia
11 - Demba Savage (HJK: Finland)

Ghana
10 - David Accam (Helsingborg: Sweden)

Madagascar
10 - Anicet Andrianantenaina (FK Botev Plovdiv: Bulgaria)

Mali
12 - Cheick Diabaté (Bordeaux: France)
11 - Mustapha Yatabaré (Guingamp: France)

Morocco
17 - Aatif Chahechouhe (Sivasspor: Turkey)
15 - Abderrazak Hamdallah (Aalesund: Norway)
13 - Omar Er Rafik (Differdange: Luxembourg)
12 - Youssef El-Arabi (Granada: Morocco)

Nigeria
15 - Stanley Ohawuchi (Sliema: Malta)
14 - Ikechukwu Uche (Villarreal: Spain)
14 - Kennedy Igboananike (AIK: Sweden)
13 - Marco Tagbajumi (Ermis FC: Cyprus)
12 - Emmanuel Emenike (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
11 - Alfred Effiong (Qormi: Malta)
11 - Obinna Obiefule (Hibernians: Malta)
11 - Abiola Dauda (Crvena Zvezda: Serbia)
10 - Imoh Ezekiel (Standard Liege: Belgium)
10 - Sylvester Igboun (Midtjylland: Denmark)
10 - Adeshina Lawal (B36 Tórshavn: Faroe Islands)
10 - Shola Shodiya (Birkirkara: Malta)
10 - Leke James (Aalesund: Norway)

Senegal
15 - Moussa Sow (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
13 - Sadio Mané (FC Red Bull Salzburg: Austria)
13 - Dame N'Doye (Lokomotiv Moscow: Russia)
12 - Baye Omar Niasse (Akhisar Belediyespor: Turkey)
10 - Ibrahim Sidibé (Debrecen: Hungary)
10 - Malek Mane (Sogndal: Norway)
10 - Lamine Diarra (Antalyaspor: Turkey)

Togo
11 - Emmanuel Adebayor (Tottenham Hotspur: England)

Tunisia
17 - Hamdi Harbaoui (KSC Lokeren: Belgium)


Stats from European 'Summer' leagues in Scandinavia and elsewhere are from the completed 2013 season.

          2014 World Cup 2nd Group Phase: Highest Top Speed        
The players with the highest top speed (km/h) in the 2nd World Cup group phase.

33.52 - Aurier (Cote d'Ivoire)
33.08 - Pereira (Uruguay)
33.01 - Di Maria (Argentina)

32.98 - Srna (Croatia)
32.98 - Johnson (USA)
32.90 - Mustafi (Germany)
32.33 - Sissoko (France)

31.97 - Rodriguez (Uruguay)
31.79 - Perisic (Croatia)
31.79 - Fabian (Mexico)
31.79 - Bernard (Brazil)
31.79 - Mesbah (Algeria)

31.61 - Van Buyten (Belgium)
31.61 - Nounkeu (Cameroon)
31.61 - Martinez (Spain)
31.61 - Azpilicueta (Spain)
31.61 - Mehmedi (Switzerland)
31.61 - Coates (Uruguay)
31.61 - Almeida (Portugal)

31.46 - Abate (Italy)
31.43 - Luis Gustavo (Brazil)
31.39 - Alba (Spain)
31.25 - Montazeri (Iran)
31.25 - Matuidi (France)
31.25 - Lallana (England)
31.07 - Kanunnikov (Russia)
31.07 - Willian (Brazil)
31.07 - Nkoulou (Cameroon)
31.07 - Bolanos (Costa Rica)
31.03 - Bentaleb (Algeria)

30.92 - Hernandez (Mexico)
30.89 - Matip (Cameroon)
30.89 - Sammir (Croatia)
30.89 - Asamoah (Ghana)
30.89 - Dejagah (Iran)
30.85 - Guardado (Mexico)
30.85 - Lavezzi (Argentina)
30.85 - Onazi (Nigeria)
30.85 - Seferovic (Switzerland)
30.85 - Gimenez (Uruguay)

30.71 - Moukandjo (Cameroon)
30.71 - Serey (Cote d'Ivoire)
30.71 - Sanchez (Colombia)
30.71 - Gutierrez (Colombia)
30.71 - Nagatomo (Japan)

30.67 - De Bruyne (Belgium)
30.67 - Rooney (England)
30.67 - Yedlin (USA)

30.53 - Sanchez (Chile)
30.53 - Ibarbo (Colombia)
30.53 - Agyemang Badu (Ghana)
30.53 - Manolas (Greece)
30.53 - Godin (Uruguay)

30.49 - Zuniga (Colombia)
30.49 - Boateng (Ghana)
30.49 - Yun (South Korea)

30.35 - Fellaini (Belgium)
30.35 - Assou Ekotto (Cameroon)
30.35 - Zokora (Cote d'Ivoire)
30.35 - Costly (Honduras)
30.35 - Gago (Argentina)
30.35 - Chiellini (Italy)

30.17 - Armero (Colombia)
30.17 - Cuadrado (Colombia)
30.17 - Gyan (Ghana)
30.17 - Brahimi (Algeria)
30.17 - Barkley (England)

30.13 - Boye (Ghana)
30.13 - Ghoochannejad (Iran)
30.13 - Okazaki (Japan)
30.13 - Veloso (Portugal)




30.00km/h ~ 18.64mph
31.00km/h ~ 19.26mph
32.00km/h ~ 19.88mph
33.00km/h ~ 20.51mph


Top 10 fastest players of the World Cup through the first 2 games of the group stage:
33.52 - Aurier (Cote d'Ivoire)
33.08 - Pereira (Uruguay)
33.01 - Di Maria (Argentina)
32.98 - Srna (Croatia)
32.98 - Johnson (USA)
32.90 - Mustafi (Germany)
32.33 - Sissoko (France)
32.33 - Varane (France)
32.29 - Hummels (Germany)
32.15 - Coentrao (Portugal)





          2014 World Cup: Player Representation by League         
League systems with players represented at the 2014 World Cup.


GROUP A

Brazil
6 - England
4 - Brazil
3 - Italy
3 - Spain
2 - France
2 - Germany
1 - Russia
1 - Ukraine
1 - United States (1: Canada)

Cameroon
7 - France
6 - Turkey
3 - Spain
2 - Cameroon
2 - England
2 - Germany
1 - Belgium

Croatia
4 - Ukraine
3 - Croatia
3 - Germany
3 - Italy
3 - Spain
2 - England
2 - Greece
2 - Russia
1 - France (1: Monaco)

Mexico
15 - Mexico
3 - Spain
2 - Portugal
1 - England
1 - France
1 - Germany



GROUP B

Australia
6 - Australia
3 - England
3 - Germany
2 - Netherlands
2 - Switzerland
1 - Austria
1 - Belgium
1 - China
1 - Italy
1 - Qatar
1 - South Korea
1 - United States

Chile
5 - Chile
5 - Spain
4 - Italy
3 - Brazil
3 - England (1: Wales)
1 - Netherlands
1 - Sweden
1 - Switzerland

Netherlands
10 - Netherlands
6 - England (2: Wales)
3 - Germany
2 - Turkey
1 - Italy
1 - Ukraine

Spain
14 - Spain
6 - England
2 - Italy
1 - Germany



GROUP C

Colombia
6 - Italy
3 - Argentina
3 - Colombia
3 - France (1: Monaco)
2 - Portugal
2 - Spain
1 - England
1 - Germany
1 - Mexico
1 - Netherlands

Greece
9 - Greece
6 - Italy
2 - England
2 - Spain
2 - Turkey
1 - Germany
1 - Scotland

Cote d'Ivoire
5 - France
4 - Germany
4 - Turkey
4 - England (1: Wales)
2 - Switzerland
1 - Belgium
1 - Cote d'Ivoire
1 - Italy
1 - Norway

Japan
11 - Japan
7 - Germany
2 - England
2 - Italy
1 - Belgium



GROUP D

Costa Rica
9 - Costa Rica
3 - Norway
3 - United States
1 - Belgium
1 - Denmark
1 - Germany
1 - Greece
1 - Netherlands
1 - Russia
1 - Spain
1 - Sweden

England
22 - England
1 - Scotland

Italy
20 - Italy
3 - France

Uruguay
5 - Italy
4 - Spain
3 - Brazil
3 - England
2 - Portugal
1 - France
1 - Japan
1 - Mexico
1 - Paraguay
1 - Turkey
1 - Uruguay


GROUP E

Ecuador
8 - Ecuador
7 - Mexico
1 - Brazil
1 - Colombia
1 - England
1 - Germany
1 - Netherlands
1 - Russia
1 - Saudi Arabia
1 - UAE

France
9 - England
8 - France
3 - Spain
1 - Germany
1 - Italy
1 - Portugal

Honduras
11 - Honduras
4 - England
4 - United States
1 - Belgium
1 - China
1 - Costa Rica
1 - Scotland

Switzerland
9 - Germany
7 - Switzerland
5 - Italy
2 - Spain


GROUP F

Argentina
7 - Italy
4 - Spain
3 - Argentina
3 - England
3 - Portugal
2 - France
1 - Mexico

Bosnia and Herzegovina
7 - Germany
5 - Turkey
2 - Croatia
2 - England
2 - Italy
1 - Austria
1 - Bosnia and Herzegovina
1 - China
1 - Hungary
1 - Ukraine

Iran
14 - Iran
2 - England
1 - Germany
1 - Kuwait
1 - Netherlands
1 - Portugal
1 - Qatar
1 - Spain
1 - United States (1: Canada)

Nigeria
6 - England
3 - Nigeria
2 - Belgium
2 - France
2 - Israel
2 - Turkey
1 - Italy
1 - Netherlands
1 - Russia
1 - Scotland
1 - Spain
1 - Ukraine


GROUP G

Germany
17 - Germany
4 - England
1 - Italy
1 - Spain

Ghana
5 - Italy
5 - France
2 - Russia
2 - South Africa
1 - Belgium
1 - England
1 - Germany
1 - Ghana
1 - Greece
1 - Netherlands
1 - Norway
1 - Tunisia
1 - UAE

Portugal
8 - Portugal
6 - Spain
3 - Turkey
1 - England
1 - France
1 - Germany
1 - Italy
1 - Russia
1 - Ukraine

United States
10 - United States (1: Canada)
4 - England
4 - Germany
1 - France
1 - Mexico
1 - Netherlands
1 - Norway
1 - Turkey


GROUP H

Algeria
4 - Italy
4 - Spain
3 - England
3 - France
3 - Portugal
2 - Algeria
1 - Bulgaria
1 - Croatia
1 - Qatar
1 - Tunisia

Belgium
11 - England
3 - Belgium
2 - Germany
2 - Russia
2 - Spain
1 - France
1 - Italy
1 - Portugal

Russia
23 - Russia

South Korea
6 - South Korea
6 - Germany
4 - England
3 - Japan
3 - China
1 - Saudi Arabia


Player Representation by League System

119 - England (4: Wales)
82 - Italy
79 - Germany
65 - Spain
46 - France (2: Monaco)
34 - Russia
26 - Mexico
26 - Turkey
22 - Portugal
21 - United States (3: Canada)
20 - Netherlands

15 - Japan
14 - Iran
13 - Greece
12 - Belgium
12 - Switzerland
11 - Brazil
11 - Honduras
10 - Costa Rica
9 - Ukraine
8 - Ecuador

7 - South Korea
6 - Argentina
6 - Australia
6 - China
6 - Croatia
6 - Norway
5 - Chile
4 - Colombia
4 - Scotland
3 - Qatar

2 - Algeria
2 - Austria
2 - Cameroon
2 - Saudi Arabia
2 - Sweden
2 - Tunisia
2 - UAE

1 - Bosnia and Herzegovina
1 - Bulgaria
1 - Cote d'Ivoire
1 - Denmark
1 - Hungary
1 - Kuwait
1 - Paraguay
1 - Uruguay


          2014 World Cup: Foreign Born Players        
Players in the final 2014 World Cup squads that were born outside of the country they are representing.


GROUP A

Brazil
NONE

Cameroon
Charles Itandje (France)
Benoît Assou-Ekotto (France)
Allan Nyom (France)
Joël Matip (Germany)
Maxim Choupo-Moting (Germany)

Croatia
Dejan Lovren (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Vedran Ćorluka (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Nikica Jelavić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Ivan Rakitić (Switzerland)
Mateo Kovačić (Austria)
Sammir (Brazil)
Eduardo (Brazil)

Mexico
Miguel Ángel Ponce (USA)
Isaác Brizuela (USA)



GROUP B

Australia
Dario Vidošić (Croatia)

Chile
Miiko Albornoz (Sweden)
Jorge Valdívia (Venezuela)

Netherlands
Bruno Martins Indi (Portugal)
Jonathan de Guzmán (Canada)

Spain
Diego Costa (Brazil)



GROUP C

Colombia
NONE

Cote d'Ivoire
Sol Bamba (France)
Jean-Daniel Akpa-Akpro (France)
Giovanni Sio (France)
Mathis Bolly (Norway)

Greece
Loukas Vyntra (Czech Republic)
José Holebas (Germany)
Panagiotis Kone (Albania)

Japan
Gōtoku Sakai (USA)


GROUP D

Costa Rica
Óscar Duarte (Nicaragua)

England
Raheem Sterling (Jamaica)

Italy
Gabriel Paletta (Argentina)
Thiago Motta (Brazil)

Uruguay
Fernando Muslera (Argentina)


GROUP E

Ecuador
NONE

France
Patrice Evra (Senegal)
Rio Mavuba (Born at Sea; link)

Honduras
NONE

Switzerland
Valon Behrami (Kosovo)
Xherdan Shaqiri (Kosovo)
Blerim Džemaili (Macedonia)
Admir Mehmedi (Macedonia)
Gelson Fernandes (Cape Verde)
Johan Djourou (Cote d'Ivoire)


GROUP F

Argentina
Gonzalo Higuaín (France)

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Emir Spahić (Croatia)
Mensur Mujdža (Croatia)
Sead Kolašinac (Germany)
Zvjezdan Misimović (Germany)
Muhamed Bešić (Germany)
Izet Hajrović (Switzerland)

Iran
Daniel Davari (Germany)
Steven Beitashour (USA)

Nigeria
Peter Odemwingie (Uzbekistan)



GROUP G

Germany
Miroslav Klose (Poland)
Lukas Podolski (Poland)

Ghana
Adam Kwarasey (Norway)
Kevin-Prince Boateng (Germany)
André Ayew (France)
Jordan Ayew (France)
Albert Adomah (England)

Portugal
Pepe (Brazil)
Nani (Cape Verde)
William Carvalho (Angola)
Éder (Guinea-Bissau)

United States
Fabian Johnson (Germany)
Timothy Chandler (Germany)
John Brooks (Germany)
Jermaine Jones (Germany)
Mix Diskerud (Norway)



GROUP H

Algeria
Raïs M'Bolhi (France)
Cédric Si Mohamed (France)
Carl Medjani (France)
Liassine Cadamuro-Bentaïba (France)
Faouzi Ghoulam (France)
Aïssa Mandi (France)
Medhi Lacen (France)
Hassan Yebda (France)
Mehdi Mostefa (France)
Sofiane Feghouli (France)
Saphir Taïder (France)
Yacine Brahimi (France)
Nabil Bentaleb (France)
Riyad Mahrez (France)
Nabil Ghilas (France)

Belgium
Anthony Vanden Borre (DR Congo)

Russia
NONE

South Korea
NONE

          2014 World Cup: Oldest Players        
32+ year old players at the 2014 FIFA World Cup.

GROUP A

Brazil
DF - Maxwell (32)
DF - Maicon (32)

Cameroon
FW - Samuel Eto'o (33)
FW - Pierre Webó (32)

Croatia
GK - Stipe Pletikosa (35)
DF - Darijo Srna (32)
DF - Danijel Pranjić (32)
FW - Ivica Olić (34)

Mexico
GK - José de Jesús Corona (33)
DF - Carlos Salcido (34)
DF - Rafael Marquez (35)
DF - Francisco Javier Rodriguez (32)


GROUP B

Australia
GK - Eugene Galeković (33)
MF - Mark Bresciano (34)
FW - Tim Cahill (34)

Chile
GK - Johnny Herrera (33)
FW - Esteban Paredes (33)

Netherlands
FW - Dirk Kuyt (33)

Spain
GK - Iker Casillas (33)
MF - Xavi (34)
MF - Xavi Alonso (32)
FW - David Villa (32)


GROUP C

Colombia
GK - Faryd Mondragón (42)
DF - Mario Yepes (38)
MF - Aldo Leão Ramírez (33)

Cote d'Ivoire
GK - Boubacar Barry (34)
DF - Didier Zokora (33)
DF - Kolo Toure (33)
FW - Didier Drogba (36)

Greece
DF - Loukas Vyntra (33)
DF - Vangelis Moras (32)
MF - Giorgos Karagounis (37)
MF - Kostas Katsouranis (34)
FW - Thoeofanis Gekas (34)
FW - Dimitris Salpingidis (32)

Japan
MF - Yasuhito Endo (34)
FW - Yoshito Okubo (32)


GROUP D

Costa Rica
GK - Patrick Pemberton (32)

England
MF - Steven Gerrard (34)
MF - Frank Lampard (35)
FW - Rickie Lambert (32)

Italy
GK - Gianluigi Buffon (36)
DF - Andrea Barzagli (33)
MF - Andrea Pirlo (35)

Uruguay
GK - Rodrigo Muñoz (32)
DF - Diego Lugano (33)
MF - Diego Perez (34)
MF - Egidio Arevalo Rios (32)
FW - Diego Forlan (35)


GROUP E

Ecuador
DF - Walter Ayovi (34)
DF - Jorge Guagua (32)
MF - Edison Mendez (35)
MF - Segundo Castillo (32)

France
GK - Mickaël Landreau (35)
DF - Patrice Evra (33)

Honduras
GK - Noel Valladares (37)
GK - Donis Escober (34)
DF - Victor Bernardez (32)
FW - Jerry Palacios (32)

Switzerland
NONE


GROUP F

Argentina
GK - Agustin Orion (32)
DF - Martin Demichelis (33)
DF - Hugo Campagnaro (33)
MF - Maxi Rodriguez (33)
FW - Rodrigo Palacio (32)

Bosnia and Herzegovina
GK - Asmir Avdukić (33)
DF - Emir Spahić (33)
MF - Zvjezdan Misimović (32)

Iran
GK - Rahman Ahmadi (33)
DF - Jalal Hosseini (32)
DF - Amir Hossein Sadeghi (32)
MF - Javad Nekounam (33)

Nigeria
DF - Joseph Yobo (33)
FW - Shola Ameobi (32)
FW - Peter Odemwingie (32)


GROUP G

Germany
GK - Roman Weidenfeller (33)
FW - Miroslav Klose (36)

Ghana
NONE

Portugal
GK - Beto (32)
DF - Bruno Alves (32)
DF - Ricardo Costa (33)

United States
GK - Tim Howard (35)
GK - Nick Rimando (34)
DF - DaMarcus Beasley (32)
MF - Jermaine Jones (32)
MF - Brad Davis (32)
MF - Kyle Beckerman (32)



GROUP H

Algeria
NONE

Belgium
DF - Daniel Van Buyten (36)

Russia
GK - Sergey Ryzhikov (33)
DF - Sergei Ignashevich (34)
MF - Roman Shirokov (32)

South Korea
DF - Kwak Tae-Hwi (32)




OLDEST GK
Faryd Mondragón (Colombia: 42)

OLDEST DF
Mario Yepes (Colombia: 38)

OLDEST MF
Giorgos Karagounis (Greece: 37)

OLDEST FW
Didier Drogba (Cote d'Ivoire: 36)


TOP 5 OLDEST AVERAGE TEAM AGE
28.4 - Argentina
28.2 - Portugal
28.0 - Uruguay
28.0 - Spain
27.9 - Iran

          All-Time Asian World Cup Wins        
AFRICA
Japan - Cameroon (1:0, 2010)
Japan - Tunisia (2:0, 2002)
Saudi Arabia - Morocco (2:1, 1994)
South Korea - Togo (2:1, 2006)

CONCACAF
Iran - USA (2:1, 1998)

EUROPE
Australia - Serbia (2:1, 2010)
Japan - Denmark (3:1, 2010)
Japan - Russia (1:0, 2002)
North Korea - Italy (1:0, 1966)
Saudi Arabia - Belgium (1:0, 1994)
South Korea - Greece (2:0, 2010)
South Korea - Italy (2:1, 2002)
South Korea - Poland (2:0, 2002)
South Korea - Portugal (1:0, 2002)

SOUTH AMERICA
None

          All-Time African World Cup Wins        
All-time World Cup wins by African nations.

ASIA
Cameroon - Saudi Arabia (1:0, 2002)
Cote d'Ivoire - North Korea (3:0, 2010)

CONCACAF
Ghana - USA (2:1, 2006)
Ghana - USA (2:1, 2010)
Tunisia - Mexico (3:1, 1978)

EUROPE
Algeria - Germany (2:1, 1982)
Cameroon - Romania (2:1, 1990)
Cote d'Ivoire - Serbia & Montenegro (3:2, 2006)
Ghana - Czech Republic (2:0, 2006)
Ghana - Serbia (1:0, 2010)
Morocco - Portugal (3:1, 1986)
Morocco - Scotland (3:0, 1998)
Nigeria - Bulgaria (3:0, 1994)
Nigeria - Bulgaria (1:0, 1998)
Nigeria - Greece (2:0, 1994)
Nigeria - Spain (3:2, 1998)
Senegal - France (1:0, 2002)
Senegal - Sweden (2:1, 2002)
South Africa - France (2:1, 2010)
South Africa - Slovenia (1:0, 2002)

SOUTH AMERICA
Algeria - Chile (3:2, 1982)
Cameroon - Argentina (1:0, 1990)
Cameroon - Colombia (2:1, 1990)



          All-time FIFA World Cup Rankings        
The all-time FIFA World Cup Rankings (based on results in previous WC appearances) of the 32 teams participating in the 2014 World Cup in Brazil.

All-time FIFA World Cup Rankings

1 - Brazil
2 - Germany
3 - Italy
4 - Argentina
5 - England

6 - Spain
7 - France
8 - Netherlands
9 - Uruguay
12 - Russia

14 - Mexico
18 - Portugal
19 - Belgium
20 - Chile
21 - Switzerland

25 - USA
26 - South Korea
27 - Croatia
28 - Cameroon
32 - Japan

34 - Ghana
37 - Nigeria
38 - Colombia
40 - Costa Rica
42 - Ecuador

44 - Australia
47 - Algeria
50 - Cote d'Ivoire
53 - Iran
59 - Honduras

61 - Greece
n/a - Bosnia and Herzegovina



Teams in the All-Time top 30 not participating in the 2014 World Cup:

10 - Sweden
11 - Serbia
13 - Poland
15 - Hungary
16 - Czech Republic
17 - Austria
22 - Paraguay
23 - Romania
24 - Denmark
29 - Scotland
30 - Bulgaria

          2014 World Cup: Foreign-Born Players        
Players in the provisional 2014 World Cup squads that were born outside of the country they are representing.


GROUP A

Brazil
NONE

Cameroon
Charles Itandje (France)
Benoît Assou-Ekotto (France)
Allan Nyom (France)
Jean-Armel Kana-Biyik (France)
Raoul Loé (France)
Joël Matip (Germany)
Maxim Choupo-Moting (Germany)

Croatia
Dejan Lovren (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Vedran Ćorluka (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Nikica Jelavić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Ivan Rakitić (Switzerland)
Mateo Kovačić (Austria)
Sammir (Brazil)
Eduardo (Brazil)
Mario Pašalić (Germany)

Mexico
Miguel Ángel Ponce (USA)
Isaác Brizuela (USA)



GROUP B

Australia
Dario Vidošić (Croatia)

Chile
Marcos González (Brazil)
Miiko Albornoz (Sweden)
Jorge Valdívia (Venezuela)
Pablo Hernández (Argentina)

Netherlands
Bruno Martins Indi (Portugal)
Jonathan de Guzmán (Canada)

Spain
Diego Costa (Brazil)



GROUP C

Colombia
NONE

Cote d'Ivoire
Sol Bamba (France)
Jean-Daniel Akpa-Akpro (France)
Giovanni Sio (France)
Mathis Bolly (Norway)

Greece
Loukas Vyntra (Czech Republic)
José Holebas (Germany)
Panagiotis Kone (Albania)

Japan
Gōtoku Sakai (USA)


GROUP D

Costa Rica
Óscar Duarte (Nicaragua)

England
Raheem Sterling (Jamaica)

Italy
Gabriel Paletta (Argentina)
Thiago Motta (Brazil)
Rômulo (Brazil)
Giuseppe Rossi (USA)

Uruguay
Fernando Muslera (Argentina)


GROUP E

Ecuador
NONE

France
Patrice Evra (Senegal)
Rio Mavuba (Born at Sea; link)

Honduras
NONE

Switzerland
Valon Behrami (Kosovo)
Xherdan Shaqiri (Kosovo)
Blerim Džemaili (Macedonia)
Admir Mehmedi (Macedonia)
Gelson Fernandes (Cape Verde)
Johan Djourou (Cote d'Ivoire)


GROUP F

Argentina
Gonzalo Higuaín (France)

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Emir Spahić (Croatia)
Mensur Mujdža (Croatia)
Sead Kolašinac (Germany)
Zvjezdan Misimović (Germany)
Muhamed Bešić (Germany)
Izet Hajrović (Switzerland)

Iran
Daniel Davari (Germany)
Steven Beitashour (USA)

Nigeria
Peter Odemwingie (Uzbekistan)


GROUP G

Germany
Miroslav Klose (Poland)
Lukas Podolski (Poland)

Ghana
Adam Kwarasey (Norway)
Jeff Schlupp (Germany)
Kevin-Prince Boateng (Germany)
André Ayew (France)
Jordan Ayew (France)
Albert Adomah (England)

Portugal
Pepe (Brazil)
Nani (Cape Verde)
William Carvalho (Angola)
Éder (Guinea-Bissau)

United States
Fabian Johnson (Germany)
Timothy Chandler (Germany)
John Brooks (Germany)
Jermaine Jones (Germany)
Terrence Boyd (Germany)
Mix Diskerud (Norway)


GROUP H

Algeria
Raïs M'Bolhi (France)
Cédric Si Mohamed (France)
Carl Medjani (France)
Liassine Cadamuro-Bentaïba (France)
Faouzi Ghoulam (France)
Aïssa Mandi (France)
Medhi Lacen (France)
Adlène Guedioura (France)
Hassan Yebda (France)
Foued Kadir (France)
Mehdi Mostefa (France)
Sofiane Feghouli (France)
Ryad Boudebouz (France)
Saphir Taïder (France)
Yacine Brahimi (France)
Nabil Bentaleb (France)
Amir Karaoui (France)
Riyad Mahrez (France)
Rafik Djebbour (France)
Nabil Ghilas (France)

Belgium
Anthony Vanden Borre (DR Congo)

Russia
NONE

South Korea
NONE

          Brazil 2014 World Cup Groups - April FIFA Rankings        
GROUP A - 23.75 
6  Brazil
19 Mexico
20 Croatia
50 Cameroon

GROUP B - 22.25
1 Spain
14 Chile
15 Netherlands
59 Australia

GROUP C - 20.50
4 Colombia
10 Greece
21 Cote d'Ivoire
47 Japan

GROUP D - 14.75
5 Uruguay
9 Italy
11 England
34 Costa Rica

GROUP E - 21.00
8 Switzerland
16 France
28 Ecuador
32 Honduras

GROUP F - 28.25
6 Argentina
25 Bosnia and Herzegovina
37 Iran
45 Nigeria

GROUP G  - 14.00
2 Germany
3 Portugal
13 USA
38 Ghana

GROUP H - 27.75
12 Belgium
18 Russia
25 Algeria
56 South Korea


2014 World Cup Nations - April 2014 FIFA Rankings
1 Spain
2 Germany
3 Portugal
4 Colombia
5 Uruguay
6 Argentina
6 Brazil
8 Switzerland
9 Italy
10 Greece

11 England
12 Belgium
13 USA
14 Chile
15 Netherlands
16 France
18 Russia
19 Mexico
20 Croatia

21 Cote d'Ivoire
25 Bosnia and Herzegovina
25 Algeria
28 Ecuador

32 Honduras
34 Costa Rica
37 Iran
38 Ghana

45 Nigeria
47 Japan

50 Cameroon
56 South Korea
59 Australia

          Afrique:Le manifeste du forum International de la diaspora camerounaise du 25 au 27 mai 2017 à Ouagadougou est connu        

Affiche_forum030417500

C'est au siège du CODE situé à la Chaussée d'Alsemberg à Bruxelles que Thierry Amougou, membre du comité d’organisation du Forum International de la diaspora camerounaise des 25, 26 et 27 mai 2017 à Ouagadougou a présenté ce mercredi matin à la presse et aux personnalités présentes, le manifeste du forum International de la diaspora camerounaise, Ce document de 08 pages met  en avant tous les grands problèmes camerounais (état des lieux),présente les justificatifs de leur engagement pour un Cameroun nouveau et insiste sur le contexte justificatif, l'importance, la portée et les enjeux du forum de Ouagadougou pour le changement au Cameroun. 

Télécharger l'intégralité du manifeste sur ce lien ENSEMBLE_CHANGEONS_DE_DESTIN

 

NB: Encourageons ensemble une jeunesse qui s'engage civiquement et politiquement pour préparer la future génération de leaders... Vous pouvez contribuer en cliquant sur ce lien (ICI)

 

10 JEUNES CAMER-FORUM DE OUAGA - Leetchi.com

CITOYENNADES-CAMEROON Du 25 au 27 mai 2017 aura lieu à Ouagadougou le Forum International de la Diaspora Cameroun au cours duquel en plus de se pencher sur l'avenir

https://www.leetchi.com


https://www.leetchi.com/c/community-citoyennades-cameroon-p-lado


          Northeastern Quartersphere - Wikipedia        

Northeastern Quartersphere

This is the Wikipedia article for "Northeastern Quartersphere" as it appeared on January 26, 2012, shortly prior to its expected deletion as original research.

The terms Northeastern Quarter or Northeastern Quadrant or simply Northeast are sometimes applied to the portion of the Northern Hemisphere in the Eastern Hemisphere or vice versa. If it's lateral boundaries are based on the Prime Meridian, this region includes most of Asia and Europe, a large portion of Africa and some islands in Oceania. The Northeast covers about two fifths of the Earth's land surface area and hosts 75-80% of the world's population. It is the only quarter bounded by the Prime Meridian and Equator that is mostly land. The Northeast hosts about two fifths of the world's economic activity.
Eastern portion of Earth's Northern Hemisphere

Countries

* Europe
o If the Prime Meridian is used as the Western boundary, all except Portugal, most of the United Kingdom, much of Spain and France. If the 20th meridian west, then all of Europe.

* Africa
o If the Prime Meridian is the lateral boundary, then all of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, most of Somalia, most of Kenya, most of Uganda, Southern Sudan, part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, parts of Gabon, parts of Equatorial Guinea, parts of Rio Muni, parts of Sao Tome and Principe, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Chad, most of Niger, part of Mali, most of Algeria, Libya and Tunisia are in this region. If the 20th meridian west is used, then all of Africa North of the Equator.

* Asia
o all except some portions of Indonesia.

* Oceania
o If Prime Meridian is used as the lateral boundary, then Palau, Guam, the Marianas Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, part of Kiribati and Wake Island. If the 20th meridian west is used as the boundary in the West and the 160th meridian east in the East, then only Palau, Guam, the Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Bodies of water

* The Arctic Ocean in the Eastern Hemisphere,
* The Western portion of the North Sea, most of the Mediterranean Sea, and all of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea of the Atlantic Ocean,
* The Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean,
* The Eastern Bering Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan/East Sea, the Yellow Sea, East China Sea the South China Sea, the Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, Gulf of Thailand and open ocean in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
          Cameroon student nonprofit recycles plastic bottles into boats        
Humanity has a plastic bottle addiction, purchasing one million a minute, and many bottles wind up polluting our oceans. Cameroon-based nonprofit Madiba & Nature is pioneering a creative use for all those bottles: boats. They're fabricating floating canoe-shaped crafts out of empties they collect in an effort to prompt people to think differently about how they consume and dispose of plastic bottles. Related:
          Helfer and Reichman co-author book to help governments implement new treaty expanding access to accessible materials for the visually impaired        

Professors Laurence Helfer and Jerome Reichman have co-authored a forthcoming guide to a new international treaty that seeks to expand access to books and other copyrighted works for people with visual disabilities.

The Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled, adopted by fifty-one countries in 2013, went into effect on Sept. 30, 2016. The World Blind Union Guide to the Marrakesh Treaty will be published by Oxford University Press in March 2017. A discussion of the book by the authors will be held at Duke Law on April 3, 2017.

Helfer and Reichman partnered with Ruth Okediji of the University of Minnesota and Molly Land of the University of Connecticut – also experts on international intellectual property (IP) and human rights – to prepare the guide at the request of the World Blind Union (WBU). The authors’ goal, said Helfer, the Harry R. Chadwick, Sr. Professor of Law, is to help governments understand the treaty and the options available to them for implementing it in ways that enhance the availability and dissemination of copyrighted materials in accessible formats.

The Marrakesh Treaty, intended to encourage the creation, sharing and cross-border transfers of accessible-format materials for visually impaired persons, is the first international agreement that sits at the intersection of human rights and IP law. The treaty draws upon principles in both legal fields and engages with both Reichman’s and Helfer’s prior scholarship, as well as the writings of their coauthors.

Reichman, the Bunyan S. Womble Professor of Law, is the co-author of Governing Digitally Integrated Genetic Resources, Data, and Literature: Global Intellectual Property Strategies for a Redesigned Microbial Research Commons (Cambridge University Press, 2016), Using Intellectual Property Rights To Stimulate Pharmaceutical Production In Developing Countries A Reference Guide (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2011), and editor of International Public Goods and Transfer of Technology Under a Globalized Intellectual Property Regime (Cambridge University Press, 2005), among many other works on international intellectual property.

“Jerry Reichman is one of the pioneers of the field of the international intellectual property law. I am delighted to have worked with him on the WBU Guide. He lends enormous credibility to the project,” said Helfer.

According to Reichman, “The Marrakesh Treaty is a watershed multilateral convention that builds upon longstanding exceptions to copyright for the blind in many countries. It requires all nations to adopt these exceptions and to facilitate the exchange accessible-format works among its member states.”

Helfer, the co-author of Transplanting International Courts: The Law and Politics of the Andean Tribunal of Justice (Oxford University Press, 2017), Human rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface (Cambridge University Press, 2011), and editor of Intellectual Property and Human Rights (Edward Elgar, 2013), explained how the WBU Guide draws upon his expertise in two legal fields. “I have written about different approaches to the relationship between human rights and IP and whether the two regimes could coexist. But the idea that an international agreement could advance human rights using the tools of copyright law is a novel way to reconcile both sets of legal rules,” he said.

Helfer anticipated that implementation could be challenging for the densely worded international agreement, which is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), even though the treaty was ratified relatively quickly by governments. “Without a balanced guide to implementation, there was a risk that publishers would push to construe the treaty narrowly, crowding out the views of human and disability rights organizations in discussions among government officials about how to bring it into effect domestically,” he said.

The WBU Guide highlights how a human rights-focused approach to the Marrakesh Treaty enables governments and disability rights groups in developed nations to improve the lives of visually impaired populations in the developing world. “Take a country such as Cameroon, which is francophone, and which has a small amount of copyrighted works available to people with visual disabilities,” Helfer said. “If France and Cameroon can freely exchange accessible-format books and cultural materials, ability of print-disabled people in Cameroon to access these works expands exponentially almost overnight. Now imagine the same thing happening across francophone and anglophone Africa and among Spanish speaking countries in Latin America and you see why the treaty is a really big deal.”

Helfer said he hopes that the Marrakesh Treaty’s innovative approach will be a template for future international agreements. “Previously, there were two types of treaties at the intersection of these fields: IP treaties that view human rights as exceptions to economic interests of IP owners, and human rights agreements, which take the opposite approach, namely, that human rights are fundamental and any exceptions, including for IP protection, need to be narrow and carefully justified. Using the legal and policy tools of IP law to forge an agreement that enhances human rights goals is a new and promising approach.”

Cover Image: “Books” by Lee Milby. Oil on canvas. Year of creation: 2012
Publication Date Window: 
Friday, February 17, 2017 to Friday, March 17, 2017
Faculty tags: 
          Prometheus, Tema Besar Freemason & Illuminati Tahun 2012        

Anda ingin tahu apa yang sedang dihebohkan dunia selain EURO 2012? Ya, Sebuah Film Box office di Amerika berjudul Prometheus. Film ini Paling heboh dan banyak dibicarakan di Amerika, Singapura, Australia, Hungaria, Selandia Baru, Kanada, Hongkong dan Inggris.

Prometheus adalah 2012 Film Fiksi Ilmiah Amerika yang disutradarai oleh Ridley Scott dan ditulis oleh Jon Spaihts dan Damon Lindelof. Film ini dibintangi Noomi Rapace, Michael Fassbender, Guy Pearce, Idris Elba, Logan Marshall-Green, dan Charlize Theron. Menceritakan Alien abad ke-21 akhir, pusat cerita pada awak pesawat ruang angkasa Prometheus yang mengikuti peta bintang ditemukan di antara sisa-sisa dari beberapa budaya Bumi kuno. Dipimpin ke dunia yang jauh dan peradaban maju, kru mencari asal-usul umat manusia, tapi malah menemukan sebuah ancaman yang dapat menyebabkan kepunahan umat manusia.




Film ini dimulai pembuatannya Di awal 2000-an sebagai Sequel kelima dalam franchise Alien, dengan sutradara James Cameron mengembangkan ide-ide untuk film yang akan berfungsi sebagai prequel sampai 1979 ilmu Scott Alien horor fiksi film. Perlu diingat bahwa Film yang dikembangkan oleh James Cameroon merupakan Film-film bermisikan Illuminati dan Freemason

Pada tahun 2003, James Cameroon memunculkan Alien vs Predator dan film ini bertahan hingga 2009. Kemudian Film Avatar juga merupakan bagian dari seri Alien berikutnya. Jika di film sebelum-sebelumnya James Cameroon dkk masih sembunyi-sembunyi atau malu-malu dalam menampakan Misinya, Kini dengan mengambil Judul “ Prometheus” pada dasarnya mengeksplorasi mitologi yang disebarkan Freemason ke seluruh dunia.


Prometheus didukung oleh kampanye pemasaran yang mencakup kegiatan virus di web. Kampanye ini dirilis tiga video yang menampilkan bintang dari film, dalam karakter, yang diperluas atas unsur-unsur alam semesta fiksi dan mendapat sambutan umumnya positif. Prometheus dirilis pada tanggal 1 Juni 2012 di Inggris dan dirilis pada tanggal 8 Juni 2012 di Amerika Utara. (Wikipedia)


Juni 2012 Promotheus di lounching pertama kali di Amerika dan disusul Negara lain seperti Inggris, Australia dan Negara lainnya. Menariknya tema Promotheus ini bersamaan dengan tema Olimpiade London 2012 mendatang.


Di awal Film Promotheus Sutradara menampilkan sosok makhluk Alien, Film ini sejatinya merusak Aqidah bagi ummat beragama, perlu diketahui dalam Film ini James Cameroon menyebutnya “Engineer” ini atau dalam bahasa Indonesia “Tuhan” yang menciptakan manusia.


Gara-gara penyebutan Alien sebagai Tuhan, menyebabkan Hal ini menjadi perdebatan, maka tidak mengherankan film ini disamping menuai sukses besar di Box Office, juga cukup menuai kontroversi karena menampilkan kisah asal-usul manusia yang ternyata diciptakan oleh “Alien”.


Dalam film ini Sang “Engineer” dimunculkan berkepala botak dengan tubuh berwarna putih pucat yang James Cameroon sebut sebagai “Tuhan” pencipta manusia. Nauzubillah.


Prometheus Di Olimpiade London


Saat ini, London sedang bersiap-siap untuk melaksanakan Olimpiade 2012, Obor sudah di edarkan sejak 18 Mei 2012 yang au. Salah satu tradisi Olimpiade adalah membawa obor Olimpiade di seluruh negara tuan rumah secara simbolis, lalu apa hubunganya dengan Promotheus dalam Film James Cameroon yang disebut sebagai “Tuhan” dengan Promotheus di Olimpiade London.


Obor Dalam Mitologi Promotheus oleh Para Pemuja Setan (http://vigilantcitizen.com)

Dalam mitologi Yunani Pembawa Obor yang asli adalah Prometheus, Makhluk Titan yang mencuri api dari para dewa untuk memberikannya kepada kemanusiaan. Kebakaran dianggap oleh orang dahulu sebagai percikan kecil dari matahari, yang dianggap sebagai manifestasi fisik dari dewa (lihatlah Ibadah Minggu). Dengan membawa api bagi umat manusia, Prometheus diyakini oleh pemuja Setan Illuminati memungkinkan manusia untuk ikut serta dalam “Ketuhanan” dan bahkan memungkinkan mereka untuk bercita-cita untuk menjadi dewa sendiri. Karena alasan inilah, Prometheus sangat dihormati diperkumpulan rahasia Freemason dan Illuminati yang bercita-cita menguasai Dunia, Mitos mereka adalah representasi utama dari filosofi dan tujuan sekolah misteri: Kenaikan Tuhan dan Keabadian melalui cara-cara manusia itu sendiri.

Dalam ajaran Esoterik tindakan “membawa obor” adalah simbol dari kesadaran manusia sebagai “Percikan Tuhan” dalam hal ini “Percikan Promotheus” dan mewakili aspirasi untuk menjadi “salah satu dewa”. Hal ini, secara singkat sangat dipengaruhi oleh ajaran-ajaran hermetis Freemasonry, Rosikrusianisme dan Illuminism dan Pemuja Setan. Maka Jangan heran, Obor Prometheus dalam istilah mereka disebut ‘Pencerahan’ sering ditemukan dalam simbolisme elit Illuminati tersebut termasuk di dalamnya symbol-simbol mata satu seperti Lady Gaga lakukan.


Prometheus adalah mitos Lucifer (Penyembah Iblis) yang namanya dalam bahasa Latin berarti “Pembawa Cahaya”. Karena Lucifer jatuh dari Surga ke realitas dunia - dengan membawa “terang Pencerahan” - ia dianggap di sekolah-sekolah okultisme menjadi Pembawa Cahaya, sang Bintang Fajar, intelektualisme dan pencerahan. Karena Obor Pencerahan adalah simbol utama yang mewakili filosofi elit, tidak mengherankan untuk menemukan itu jelas ditampilkan dalam sebuah ritual pembukaan acara olahraga termegah di dunia tersebut?


Jadi, jelas bukan? Dari Kampanye Lady Gaga, Film-film Alien yang klimaksnya ada di Promotheus dan penyelenggaraan olahraga dunia dengan Obornya, inilah tema besar organisasi rahasia Freemason dan Illuminati pemujaan setan di dunia saat ini. 


          Choupo-Moting joins Stoke City on free transfer        
Free agent Eric Maxim Choupo-Moting has signed a three-year deal to join Stoke City. The Cameroon international was available after leaving Bundesliga side Schalke at the end of his contract, having scored 18 league goals in his three seasons at the club. The 28-year-old wide player, who can also be deployed as a striker, follows Darren Fletcher, Kurt Zouma and Josh Tymon in signing for Stoke during the transfer window. "I am just so happy to join the Stoke City family and have this opportunity to play in the English Premier League for the first time," said Choupo-Moting.  "I think the Premier league is the most viewed championship in the world and I am sure that every player in the world would one day like to come here. The Bundesliga is a great competition too, but the Premier League is really special and I can't wait to play against all of those teams as a Stoke City player. Hi Maxim! We're looking *forward* to seeing you play for the Mighty Potters this season!#SCFC pic.twitter.com/DbDg1GRGsL — Stoke City FC (@stokecity) August 7, 2017 "There were many things to consider of course, the biggest being my family. I have a son who is just three and a half so that was a big consideration, as was the fact that I am from Germany and would be leaving home for the first time and so would my wife, who is German too. "This is a new big step for us all, there will be big changes for us including getting used to the culture and the language, but after speaking about things we all felt that this was the right thing to do - we are very excited to be here." Choupo-Moting has 48 caps for Cameroon, scoring 13 goals, and represented his country at the 2010 World Cup.
          Stoke City sign Cameroon forward Eric Maxim Choupo-Moting on a free transfer        

          ...And Vincent Enyeama Snubs Saraki, NASS As The Crisis Rages On        
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The possibility of aggrieved Nigerian goalkeeper, Vincent Enyeama making a return to solve the Super Eagles goalkeeper crisis may have been foreclosed after the France-based keeper snubbed the National Assembly leadership appealing for his return.

Chairman Senate Committee on Sports, Senator Obinna Ogba, who made the disclosure in a chat with journalists at the NASS Complex Abuja, expressed disappointment over Enyeama’s refusal to speak to the Senate President, Dr Bukola Saraki, adding that he also refused to pick the several telephone calls put across to him.

Senator Ogba further explained that the former Lille of France goalkeeper did not only cut off phone on him and the senate President when they attempted to appeal to him to stage a comeback, but snubbed further efforts to plead with him to return to the national team.

Narrating his efforts to intervene in bringing Enyeama back to the Eagles, Senator Ogba said: “I personally called Enyeama up to three to four time to plead with him. It got to the extent that I got the Senate President involved.

I went to the Senate President’s office, put a call across to him for the Senate President to speak to him, but when I told him that the Senate President wanted to speak to him, he cut off the line there. I called him severally but he refused to pick again.


“Some of us played this game without getting any appreciation. Those of them, who have come to play with thank you and the money, should know that without Nigeria, they would not have come to stardom today? If Nigeria were not a football playing nation, nobody could have come to Enyimba FC to spot him.

“So, we should be enough patriotic. When it is obvious that you are still in the game, your mates are still in the team, why must you snub calls for you to be part of that team? We can all remember very well, when Rodger Milla of Cameroon came out of retirement to join the Indomitable Lions during the 1990 World Cup,” the visibly angry Ogba noted.

Meanwhile the Upper Chamber has expressed concern over the failure of Nigeria’s communication giant, Globacom to pay the Nigeria Football Federation ((NFF) an accumulated debt of N1.2b before their sponsorship deal hit the wall.

Reacting to the situation, the Senate sports committee chairman, explained that Globacom has refused to pay up the bill and alleviate the federation’s financial crisis despite all interventions, noting that the development has not only affected the financial strength of the federation, but had affected the preparation of the national teams.
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          tamoifo Nkom Marie द्धारा New call for climate projects पर टिप्पणी        
we are happy to have been part of this great initiative in Cameroon and we hope to continue the great collaboration. We really appreciate your efforts to bring hope to our communities and to help bring light to those not easy reachable communities who needs to leave like us and get the sesame called light.
          Do School Based Therapists Work Over the Summer?        

Do School Based Therapists Work Over the Summer

Do school based therapists work over the summer?

Many times school based therapists are asked if they work over the summer.  For the past few months, the Your Therapy Source survey asked this question.  One of the reasons was to determine a general idea of whether school based occupational or physical therapists work over the summer.  Another reason was to find out if they work in schools or where else they may work over the summer.  When you are done reading please answer the current survey.

The results have been tallied after 258 responses to the question do school based therapists work over the summer:

Question #1:  What is your job title?

Question #2- Do you work over the summer at your school or elsewhere?

Question #3 – If yes and you work at your school, approximately what percentage of your caseload receives therapy for 12 months?

Question #4: If yes, but you work somewhere else over the summer, what do you do? (ie geriatrics, private pay, home care, waitress, tutoring etc.)

Responses:

Below are the short answers that survey participants provided.  It is amazing the variety and skill set that everyone has.  It is very impressive!

geriatrics (5)
private pay (2)
sensory gym (2)
Cover another small school district as well
Private practice Pediatric PT clinic
Pedi outpatient
SNF
Summer residential camp and day camps
Swing bed & skilled nursing home
I work at my primary school setting
Geriatric LTC and home services
My job includes early intervention as well as school based related services. Our EI program is year round.
work PRN home care
PRN at local hospital
OT for a home care agency and docent at local small museum
Private practice Peds
Acute care hospital
acute care in a hospital
Retail, small business, shoes
private clinic
Pre-school, PCA, Housekeeping, Drive farm trucks
Private pediatric clinic
Church Childcare
Outpatient pediatric clinic
geriatrics and some outpatient peds
Developmental centers
Hippotherapy
Still in Early intervention as the center based program is year round.
I work for my school district and also cover for per diem at a skilled nursing facility
State funded Early Intervention home visits)
ECI
pediatric therapy clinic and private pay
work at a charter school/outpatient psych program for kids with mental illness and autism
Summer groups (pediatric clinic), home health pediatric
private practice pediatrics
Early intervention Peds
outpatient psych
B-3 Services; PRN work in LTC, Hosp. Inatient/Outpatient, or Home Health
Special Care Nursery (Level 1B)
extended school year for the cooperative (pediatrics)
0-3 Early Intervention
I also do peds home care in the summer
rehab
adult day health center
I work for a BOCES Extended School Year program. School age children who require an educational program to prevent regression.
pediatric outpatient in a clinic
outpatient pediatric therapy clinic; early intervention
Early Intervention (birth to 3 y/o)
I work in our office, creating programs, and inservices and at any of the schools as needed.
I also work pediatric out patients
Summer Program for regular ed children doing movement activities to supplement academic programs.
I work a small amount out my school in the summer and primarily work in a rural hospital/nursing home/outpatient clinic.
teach summer school and private tutoring
Charity in Cameroon Africa teaching about Sensory and motor play for a new school ministry for Autistic kids.
Home health
acute care in hospital
home care
clinic and home health
early intervention
Work in different schools and Infant and Toddlers.
Basic home care
Private clinic
I worked summer camp positions in arts and crafts until recently
Early Intervention & Private cases
pediatric acute care, consultation for children’s services
I co-coordinate an intensive needs summer program at our school. We have lots of fun. I have been doing this every summer for 7 years now.
On-call at skilled nursing facility
Geriatrics
Home health
PRN skilled nursing
Also work at an additional school that is not my usual caseload for six weeks
Quality time with my children
PRN SNF
Diagnostics for early childhood
Other therapists can sub positions so IEP’s are met.
Work in my current school district.
Summer program runs for only 4 weeks.
also work in a short term rehab/LTC facilicy
respite care in the summer, PRN at a SNF 2 hours from my home, and worked at a frozen yogurt place.
Home Health
hospital and inpatient rehab
geriatrics – skilled nursing facilities
early intervention (0-3 years) for different agency
Answer our current survey.
Do school based therapists work over the summer

 

 

The post Do School Based Therapists Work Over the Summer? appeared first on Your Therapy Source.


          From Cameroon with love        
This is the first time ever I wear a piece of clothes from Africa. To have it on and to look into the mirror caused me such a good feeling as if  I felt a stronger connection with my style and my history. I want to invite you to love the work of this brand […]
          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauAfrica is the second-largest continent in the world.Here is the list of 55 countries in Africa and their capitals.
Africa
Africa






S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Algeria
Algiers
2.
Angola
Luanda
3.
Benin
Porto-Novo
4.
Botswana
Gaborone
5.
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
6.
Burundi
Bujumbura
7.
Cameroon
Yaoundé
8.
Cape Verde
Praia
9.
The Central African Republic
Bangui
10.
The Comoros
Moroni
11.
Cote d'Ivoire
Yamoussoukro
12.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kinshasa
13.
Djibouti
Djibouti
14.
Egypt
Cairo
16.
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo
17.
Eritrea
Asmara
18.
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
19.
Gabon
Libreville
20.
The Gambia
Banjul
21.
Ghana
Accra
22.
Guinea
Conakry
23.
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
24.
Chad
N'Djamena
25.
Kenya
Nairobi
26.
Lesotho
Maseru
27.
Liberia
Monrovia
28.
Libya
Tripoli
29.
Madagascar
Antananarivo
30.
Malawi
Lilongwe

31.
Mali
Bamako
32.
Mauritania
Nouakchott
33.
Mauritius
Port Louis
34.
Morocco
Rabat
35.
Mozambique
Maputo
36.
Namibia
Windhoek
37.
Niger
Niamey
38.
Nigeria
Abuja
39.
The Republic of the Congo
Brazzaville
40.
Rwanda
Kigali
41.
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé


42.
Senegal
Dakar
43.
The Seychelles
Victoria
44.
Sierra Leone
Freetown
45.
Somalia
Mogadishu
46.
South Africa
Pretoria
47.
Sudan
Khartoum
48.
Swaziland
Mbabane
49.
Tanzania
Dodoma
50.
Togo
Lomé
51.
Tunisia
Tunis
52.
Uganda
Kampala
53.
Western Sahara
Laayoune
54.
Zambia
Lusaka
55.
Zimbabwe
Harare

          African Mango Extract - Common questions        
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          Ten humanitarian stories to look out for in 2017        

While 2016 taught us to expect the unexpected, IRIN’s eyes and ears on the ground have given us an idea of what to look out for in the new year. We can’t promise everyone else will be covering these stories, but here are ten we’ll be watching:

The impact of Trump

Since Donald Trump’s election, speculation has been rife about what his presidency will mean for the wider world. His many statements and tweets on the campaign trail suggest that he intends to prioritise domestic and security interests over foreign aid spending and will roll back efforts made during the Obama administration to combat climate change.

But many in the humanitarian sector have been adopting a glass half full attitude, publicly at least, by pointing out that foreign aid has bipartisan support and Republicans in Congress will oppose any major cuts to foreign assistance. Others are predicting that even if the Trump administration doesn’t significantly cut overall aid spending, it will favour channelling aid through partnerships with the private sector and results-oriented initiatives like the Millennium Challenge Corporation, rather than through traditional recipients like the UN and international NGOs.

A Trump administration seems likely to allocate less aid to reproductive health and family planning programmes, and funding for initiatives relating to climate change will almost certainly be on the chopping block too. Trump has appointed a number of climate change sceptics to his cabinet, including Rick Perry, who will head the Department of Energy and Scott Pruitt, who will lead the Environmental Protection Agency.

Venezuela undone

The oil-rich nation has been unravelling in almost every conceivable way in 2016 – from runaway inflation and empty supermarket shelves to the virtual collapse of the public health sector with the resurgence of previously eradicated diseases like malaria and diphtheria. The government closely guards data on what appear to be steep rises in maternal and infant mortality rates, poverty and malnutrition, but doctors and civil society groups have been monitoring the worrying trajectory.

With the government of President Nicolas Maduro still in complete denial about the growing humanitarian crisis (let alone accepting some responsibility for it), the downward spiral will only continue in 2017. Vatican-mediated talks between the government and the opposition that started in October have so far failed to yield an agreement to lift the country’s ban on international aid, a change that could alleviate critical medicine shortages.

Maduro successfully stalled a recall vote that would likely have unseated him in October 2016. Under Venezuela’s constitutional rules, should Maduro lose a referendum in 2017, he will still be able to hand over power to his vice president and keep the United Socialist Party in power. With a political solution virtually off the table, more social unrest seems inevitable in 2017. Increasingly, Venezuelans will be forced to cross borders in search of livelihoods, healthcare and affordable food. Look to Brazil and Colombia, who will likely bear the brunt of this growing forced migration.

Yemen’s downward spiral

A small sliver of the world is finally paying attention to Yemen. That’s in part due to activist campaigns pushing the United States and Britain to stop selling arms to Saudi Arabia, not to mention the Saudis’ grudging admission they had used British cluster bombs in the war (followed by Britain’s statement of the same).

But the war and humanitarian catastrophe marches on. Despite assurances by the Saudi-led coalition that they take great care to avoid collateral damage – to IRIN no less – there have been attacks on markets and funerals, and now more than 4,300 civilian deaths since the war began last March. And that’s only what the decimated health system can count.

family and tent
Mohammed Yaseen Ahmed Ibrahim/IRIN
3.3 million people are displaced in Yemen

Peace talks don’t offer much hope. The UN-backed peace process – already a set of negotiations between elites that didn’t take into account the reality on the ground – is going nowhere, and Houthi rebels have set up their own government.

And now, Yemen is at serious risk of sliding into famine. Before the war, the country relied on imports for 90 percent of its food. With the economy in tatters, importers are finding it hard to bring in what the country needs, and families simply don’t have the cash to buy food.

The post-Aleppo future of Syria

The final fall of the last pocket of resistance in east Aleppo, with fighters and civilians evacuated outside the city, was major victory for Syrian president Bashar al-Assad. But it does not signal the end of the war or the suffering. Rebels still control the province of Idlib and much of Deraa, the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) have Afrin in the north, while Turkey appears to have territorial ambitions. Plus there’s so-called Islamic State, resurgent in Palmyra and still in control of Raqqa.

Aleppo also marks yet another failure for diplomacy. The last round of Geneva talks seems a distant memory, and while a new ceasefire brokered by Russia and Turkey appears to be holding in some parts of the country, the truce doesn’t include all rebel groups. If this deal doesn’t pave the way for planned peace talks in Kazakhstan and full-scale violence begins again, it’s not clear where al-Assad will take the fight next. But it seems likely that the siege tactics that have typified the war will lead to more local truces and evacuations.

Once again, this year looks bleak for Syria’s civilians – those bussed from Aleppo are headed into warzones in the middle of winter, joining the 6.3 million civilians already displaced into their own country.

Myanmar’s Rohingya – a long-running crisis and a new insurgency

There are few groups as persecuted as the Rohingya. During decades of military rule, Myanmar’s generals gradually stripped away most of their rights, including citizenship, and imposed the apartheid system they live under today.

About half a million Rohingya have fled across the border during attacks on their communities over the past decades, but Bangladesh doesn’t want them either and refuses to even register them as refugees. The last few months of 2016 saw a new wave of migration over the border as Myanmar’s military allegedly carried out widespread abuses of civilians in the wake of attacks by a new insurgent group.

Myanmar’s heavy-handed approach is unlikely to crush the group, known as Harakah al-Yakin [“Faith Movement” in Arabic]. In fact, there is a good chance that by targeting the civilian population, the military will drive more youth to join the insurgency. So far, the insurgents have targeted only Myanmar security forces and their motivation seems purely local – to push the government to grant the Rohingya citizenship. But there is a danger that international Islamist groups, including IS, could capitalise on the movement, which could threaten regional stability.

Genocide and famine warnings in South Sudan

South Sudan’s descent continues, and it’s likely to only get worse in 2017. The civil war drove 400,000 people across the border into Uganda since a peace deal broke down in July, and there are now more than 1.8 million people internally displaced.

Ongoing fighting has disrupted farming and made it impossible to provide humanitarian relief in many areas. The UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization warns: “All available indicators point to an unprecedented deterioration of the food security situation across South Sudan in 2017. The risk of famine is real for thousands of people.”

The war and competition for scarce resources have also led to the “extreme polarization of some ethnic groups,” warned Adama Dieng, the UN’s special advisor on the prevention of genocide, in November. If that process continues, he said, “there is a strong risk of violence escalating along ethnic lines, with the potential for genocide.”

Unfortunately, efforts to pressure the government and rebels to return to peace talks have failed. South Sudan enters 2017 under the shadow of looming famine and possible genocide, and the international community seems unable or unwilling to force leaders to stop fighting before they drive their country into an even deeper crisis.

Iraq’s displacement crisis

All eyes are on Mosul – the battle that could finally finish off IS in Iraq. Aid groups warn that as many as one million civilians are trapped inside, and more than 110,000 people have already fled the surrounding areas. But there’s another, related problem, brewing in Iraq. Overall 3 million people are displaced across the country, many from areas controlled or already liberated from IS.

For Sunnis from Anbar province – from cities like Fallujah and Ramadi – going home is far from a sure thing. Those thought to have ties to IS can’t go home, and are stuck in camps, makeshift shelters, or elsewhere. Ignoring this problem risks radicalisation of a population that already feels scapegoated and has in the past been controlled by both al-Qaeda and IS.

It’s not just Sunnis at risk here. Some Christians say they are too afraid to go home to liberated villages near Mosul. The Iraqi government can hardly keep the lights on and has focused its limited resources on the fighting. But this shortsightedness comes at the country’s future peril.

In Afghanistan, more than a million people “on the move”

It’s been a while since Afghanistan had a good year, but the last one has been especially tough – and it’s set the scene for a disastrous 2017.

After a decade and a half of “boots on the ground” style warfare, the United States withdrew almost all of its troops. This triggered a surprisingly unexpected economic collapse that the country is still struggling to bounce back from. The past year also saw the emergence a migration crisis that will further complicate any economic recovery.

Two of Afghanistan’s neighbours, Pakistan and Iran, have been pushing Afghan refugees back over the border in massive numbers, while the European Union signed a deal that made aid contingent upon the Afghan government’s agreement to accept rejected asylum seekers. The first plane carrying Afghans deported from Germany arrived in mid-December. In addition, record numbers of people were internally displaced by conflict in 2016.                  

Going into the new year, Afghanistan is struggling to support 583,174 people displaced by conflict over the past year, as well as 616,620 people who returned from other countries.

Andrew Quilty/IRIN
Outside the UN’s intake centre between the Pakistan border and the city of Jalalabad, in Afghanistan's Nangarhar province

There’s no sign that the Taliban insurgency will ease up, and efforts at convincing them to talk peace with the government have so far been spectacularly unsuccessful. Afghanistan’s military is also battling other insurgent groups, notably IS, which has emerged as a brutal force to be reckoned with in the eastern province of Nangarhar. Meanwhile, Iran continues to push Afghans back home, Europe is likely to return more, and Pakistan says it will begin forced deportations of all Afghans who have not left the country by March.

Kabila stays on in Congo

The political false dawn of 2016, Hillary Clinton apart, was the electoral concession that wasn’t by the autocrat running Gambia. The announcement turned out to be just a ploy by President Yahya Jammeh to buy himself more time to work out how he might extend his 22-and-a-half years in power. But we're also shifting our attention from Africa’s smallest mainland country to its second largest – the Democratic Republic of Congo, where President Joseph Kabila appears to be engaged in similar manoeuvring that has already cost dozens of lives and led to hundreds of arrests.

Although violent unrest in the Gambia shouldn’t be discounted, the consequences of Kabila clinging to power could be even more disastrous. At the moment, an uneasy truce of sorts seems to be holding. Opposition parties have agreed, in principle at least, to allow Kabila to remain as president until the end of next year, but discussions ahead on a transitional government and delayed elections could quickly unravel. Kabila might also try to amend the constitution again to delay elections into 2018 and beyond. With neighbouring Burundi already in extended turmoil over term limits and memories still fresh of the 1998-2003 Second Congo War that dragged in nine African nations and led to an estimated six million deaths, events in Kinshasa are worth keeping a close eye on in 2017.

The opposition is weak and, in Kinshasa at least, unarmed, so with little international pressure being brought to bear and the media spotlight elsewhere, the received wisdom is that Kabila will quietly cement his hold on power. But if 2016 taught us anything, it’s to be ready for the unexpected.

Famine in the Lake Chad Basin region

In terms of sheer numbers and need, one humanitarian crisis that could overshadow all of the above next year lies in the vast Lake Chad Basin. It has had little coverage by journalists; perhaps more under-reported than any other humanitarian emergency of a similar scale. Despite military progress against Boko Haram extremists, 2016 saw conditions deteriorate fast in this troubled region, where Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria meet.

Mausi Segun, a senior researcher for Human Rights Watch, told IRIN that such appalling scenes, including the faces of thousands of starving children, haven’t been seen here since the 1967-70 war with secessionist Biafra. Early warning network FEWS NET says 4.7 million people need emergency food assistance in northeastern Nigeria alone and warned on 13 December that a famine is already likely to have occurred and to be ongoing in remote pockets of the region. Across the border in Chad, conditions are little better – more than 130,000 people displaced by the Boko Haram conflict are scattered around camps, competing for slender resources with vulnerable host communities.

And it’s not just Boko Haram that is the problem: a combination of human water use and climate change has shrunk the lake itself to a 20th of its original size since the 1960s. The crisis is already enormous and only likely to deepen in 2017.

People at a food distribution site on Lake Chad
Ashley Hamer/IRIN
The majority of people at this food distribution site on Lake Chad hail from the Buduma ethnic group

(TOP PHOTO: Approaching the militarised “red zone” towards the border with Niger, displaced families in the Lake Chad Basin gather for another distribution of cash handouts. Ashley Hamer/IRIN)

ks/jf/as/ag-as

img_4665.jpg Analysis Aid and Policy Migration Environment and Disasters Climate change Conflict Human Rights Politics and Economics Ten humanitarian stories to look out for in 2017 IRIN Africa Burundi Congo, Republic of South Sudan Cameroon Chad Gambia Niger Nigeria Americas Venezuela Asia Afghanistan Myanmar Global Middle East and North Africa Iraq Saudi Arabia Syria Yemen
          The Grinch’s not-so-festive guide to food ration cuts        

Across much of the world, the festive season is a time of indulgence. But what if you’re too busy fleeing violence and upheaval, or stuck in a refugee camp on reduced rations?

It’s been a hard year for the most vulnerable among us. This is partly due to tightening aid budgets, but it’s also the result of there simply being so many more people in crisis who need help.

“It's not just a question of falling donor funding; most donors have continued to be generous, providing funds at relatively consistent levels for years,” World Food Programme spokeswoman Challiss McDonough told IRIN.  “But the number of [those in need] is much larger.”

A prime example is Uganda, where 602,000 South Sudanese refugees are sheltering. As a result of the conflict in neighbouring South Sudan, “we are now supporting nearly twice as many refugees as we were just six months ago”, explained McDonough.

WFP, as the global emergency food responder, is feeling the strain. “I'd say there are probably very few countries where we have not had to make some kind of adjustment to our assistance plans because of a lack of funding,” said McDonough.

The following is a not-so-festive guide to where WFP has been forced to make cuts to already minimal food rations in Africa. It includes some non-refugee national programmes, which have also been impacted by funding shortfalls.

Burkina Faso

Rations have been reduced and cash assistance suspended for the 31,000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso. As a result, about a quarter of refugees do not have enough food to meet their basic nutritional needs.

“Most refugees in the camps depend solely on humanitarian assistance to survive,” said WFP country director Jean-Charles Dei. “When assistance is interrupted or insufficient, the food security and nutrition situation dramatically deteriorate, especially for women, children, and elderly people.”

Burundi

Lack of funding has impacted a range of activities targeting vulnerable communities. Food-for-training for Congolese refugees and Burundian migrants expelled from Tanzania and Rwanda has been suspended. The number of children reached through an anti-stunting campaign has been reduced by 70 percent, with the programme halted entirely in Ruramvya and Rutana provinces.

Cameroon

Monthly food rations for Central African Republic refugees in Cameroon was cut by 50 percent in November and December. The 150,000 refugees are entirely dependent on international aid.

In May, WFP also halted its meals programme to 16 primary schools in northern Cameroon due to a lack of funding.

Central African Republic

WFP has been unable to assist more than 500,000 people in urgent need of aid and has been forced to halve the amount of food it has provided to those it can reach. Emergency school meals have been suspended in the capital, Bangui, and rations to displaced people in the violence-hit central town of Kaga Bandoro have been slashed by 75 percent. “WFP needs to urgently mobilise flexible contributions to cover for distributions from January onwards,” the agency has warned.

Chad

For the past two years, refugees in Chad have survived on monthly rations well below the minimum requirement. For some, the cuts have been by as much as 60 percent. A joint assessment released in November by WFP and the UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR, found more than 40 percent of the 400,000 refugees in Chad are malnourished and the majority of children are anaemic.

Ethiopia

Since November 2015, ration cuts have affected more than 760,000 refugees, the bulk of them from South Sudan and Somalia. Although there was an improvement in general food rations from June this year, UNHCR has warned that households still face difficulties. The cuts have, in particular, affected children aged under the age of five, with global acute malnutrition above the 15 percent emergency threshold in 10 out of 22 assessed refugee camps.

Gambia

All nutrition and livelihood related activities have been suspended due to a lack of funding.

Kenya

In December, WFP cut monthly rations by half for the 400,000 refugees in Kenya’s Dadaab and Kakuma camps. It warned that unless urgent new funding is received, it will completely run out of food by February. Most refugees in Dadaab have already had their rations cut down to 70 percent of June 2015 levels, and UNHCR has warned of a likely increase in malnutrition as a result of the new squeeze.

Human Rights Watch said in a statement: “Given Kenya’s threat to deport Somalis has already triggered illegal forced refugee return, the UN ([World] Food Programme’s decision to further reduce refugee food rations could not have come at a worse time.”

Malawi

Ration cuts to 27,000 refugees meant that at the beginning of 2016 they were only receiving 40 percent of the recommended minimum number of daily kilocalories. Those shortages began six months earlier. By March, only three out of seven food items – maize, beans, and cooking oil – were being supplied. The Dzaleka camp hosts people mainly from the Great Lakes and Horn of Africa regions, with new arrivals escaping unrest across the border in Mozambique.

Mauritania

In November, WFP halved food rations to 42,500 Malian refugees. Without fresh funding, it says it will be forced to suspend general food distributions, including cash transfers, from next month. A school meals programme for vulnerable Mauritanian children has also been put on hold and will only partially resume in January.

Rwanda

A nationwide prevention of stunting programme for children aged six-23 months, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers has been discontinued due to limited funding.

Somalia

WFP will “significantly scale down” its livelihoods programmes in December 2016. If no additional resources are confirmed, it will only be able to continue with minimal programmes (mainly nutrition) from February 2017. WFP is targeting 1.4 million vulnerable Somalis in food-insecure areas.

Uganda

Rations have been cut by 50 percent for some 200,000 refugees who arrived in Uganda prior to July 2015. Low levels of funding, together with the large numbers of new arrivals fleeing fighting in South Sudan has left WFP workers “with no choice but to re-prioritise their focus on those refugees in greatest need.” The humanitarian response to South Sudanese refugees in Uganda was already severely underfunded even before the latest outbreak of violence in Juba in July.

(TOP PHOTO: Residents of an IDP camp in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo receive food rations distributed by WFP. WFP)

oa/ag

Residents of an IDP camp in North Kivu receive food rations distributed by WFP News Aid and Policy Food The Grinch’s not-so-festive guide to food ration cuts Obi Anyadike IRIN NAIROBI Africa Burundi Central African Republic Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Uganda Malawi Burkina Faso Cameroon Chad Gambia Mauritania
          The US Military's Bloody "Successes": Training Foreign Militaries to Start Coups        

Winning! It's the White House watchword when it comes to the U.S. armed forces. "We will give our military the tools you need to prevent war and, if required, to fight war and only do one thing -- you know what that is? Win! Win!" President Donald Trump exclaimed earlier this year while standing aboard the new aircraft carrier U.S.S. Gerald R. Ford.

Since World War II, however, neither preventing nor winning wars have been among America's strong suits.  The nation has instead been embroiled in serial conflicts and interventions in which victories have been remarkably scarce, a trend that has only accelerated in the post-9/11 era. From Afghanistan to Iraq, Somalia to the Philippines, Libya to Yemen, military investments -- in lives and tax dollars -- have been costly and enduring victories essentially nonexistent. 

But Amadou Sanogo is something of a rare all-American military success story, even if he isn't American and his success was fleeting.  Sanogo learned English in Texas, received instruction from U.S. Marines in Virginia, took his intelligence training in Arizona, and underwent Army infantry officer basic training in Georgia.  Back home in his native Mali, the young army officer was reportedly much admired for his sojourn, studies, and training in the United States.

In March 2012, Sanogo put his popularity and skills to use when he led a coup that overthrew Mali's elected government. "America is [a] great country with a fantastic army. I tried to put all the things I learned there into practice here," he told Der Spiegel during his tenure as Mali's military strongman. (He eventually lost his grip on power, was arrested, and in 2016 went on trial for "complicity in kidnapping and assassination.")

Since 9/11, the United States has spent more than $250 billion training foreign military and police personnel like Sanogo.  Year after year, a sprawling network of U.S. programs provides 200,000 of these soldiers and security officers with assistance and support.  In 2015, almost 80,000 of them, hailing from 154 countries, received what's formally known as Foreign Military Training (FMT). 

The stated goals of two key FMT programs -- International Military Education and Training (IMET) and the Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program (CTFP) -- include promoting "international peace and security" and increasing the awareness among foreign military personnel of "internationally recognized human rights."  In reality, these programs focus on strengthening U.S. partner and proxy forces globally, though there's scant evidence that they actually succeed in that goal. A study published in July, analyzing data from 1970 to 2009, finds that FMT programs are, however, effective at imparting skills integral to at least one specific type of armed undertaking. "We find a robust relationship between U.S. training of foreign militaries and military-backed coup attempts," wrote Jonathan Caverley of the U.S. Naval War College and Jesse Savage of Trinity College Dublin in the Journal of Peace Research.  

Bad Actors

Through nearly 200 separate programs, the State Department and the Department of Defense (DoD) engage in what's called "security cooperation," "building partner capacity," and other assistance to foreign forces.  In 2001, the DoD administered about 17% of security assistance funding. By 2015, that figure had jumped to approximately 60%. The Combating Terrorism Fellowship Program, a post-9/11 creation indicative of this growth, is mostly run through the DoD and focuses on training mid- and senior-level defense officials from allied militaries in the tenets of counterterrorism. The State Department, by contrast, is the driving force behind the older and larger IMET program, though the Defense Department implements the training.

Under IMET, foreign personnel -- like Sanogo -- travel to the U.S. to take classes and undergo instruction at military schools and bases. "IMET is designed to help foreign militaries bolster their relationships with the United States, learn about U.S. military equipment, improve military professionalism, and instill democratic values in their members," wrote Joshua Kurlantzick in a 2016 Council on Foreign Relations memorandum aimed at reforming the program.

However, in an investigation published earlier this year, Lauren Chadwick of the Center for Public Integrity found that, according to official U.S. government documents, at least 17 high-ranking foreigners -- including five generals -- trained through IMET between 1985 and 2010 were later accused and in some cases convicted of criminal and human rights abuses. An open-source study by the non-profit Center for International Policy found another 33 U.S.-trained foreign military officers who later committed human rights abuses. And experts suggest that the total number of criminal U.S. trainees is likely to be far higher, since IMET is the only one of a sprawling collection of security assistance programs that requires official reports on human rights abusers.

In their Journal of Peace Research study, Caverley and Savage kept the spotlight on IMET because the program "explicitly focuses on promoting norms of civilian control" of the military.  Indeed, it's a truism of U.S. military assistance programs that they instill democratic values and respect for international norms. Yet the list of U.S.-trained coup-makers -- from Isaac Zida of Burkina Faso, Haiti's Philippe Biamby, and Yahya Jammeh of The Gambia to Egypt's Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi, Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq of Pakistan, and the IMET-educated leaders of the 2009 coup in Honduras, not to mention Mali's Amadou Sanogo -- suggests an embrace of something other than democratic values and good governance. "We didn't spend, probably, the requisite time focusing on values, ethics, and military ethos," then chief of U.S. Africa Command, Carter Ham, said of Sanogo following his coup. "I believe that we focused exclusively on tactical and technical [training]."

In 2014, two generations of U.S.-educated officers faced off in The Gambia as a group of American-trained would-be coup-makers attempted (but failed) to overthrow the U.S.-trained coup-maker Yahya Jammeh who had seized power back in 1994. The unsuccessful rebellion claimed the life of Lamin Sanneh, the purported ringleader, who had earned a master's degree at National Defense University (NDU) in Washington, D.C. (Two other coup plotters had apparently even served in the U.S. military.) "I can't shake the feeling that his education in the United States somehow influenced his actions," wrote Sanneh's former NDU mentor Jeffrey Meiser. "I can't help but wonder if simply imprinting our foreign students with the 'American program' is counterproductive and unethical."

Caverly warns that Washington should also be cautious about exporting its own foreign and domestic policy imperatives, given that recent administrations have left the Defense Department flush with funding and the State Department's coffers so bare that generals are forced to beg on its behalf.   "Put more succinctly," he explained, "you need to build up multiple groups within civil society to complement and sometimes counterbalance an empowered military." 

Caverley and Savage identified 275 military-backed coups that occurred worldwide between 1970 and 2009.  In 165 of them, members of that country's armed forces had received some IMET or CTFP training the year before the coup. If you add up all the years of such instruction for all those countries, it tops out at 3,274 "country years."  In 165 instances, a takeover attempt was carried out the next year. "That's 5%, which is very high, since coups happen rarely," Caverley told TomDispatch. "The ratio for country-years with no U.S. training is 110 out of 4101, or 2.7%."

While U.S. training didn't carry the day in The Gambia in 2014 (as it had in 1994 when U.S. military-police-training alumnus Yahya Jammeh seized power), it is nonetheless linked with victorious juntas. "Successful coups are strongly associated with IMET training and spending," Caverley and Savage noted.  According to their findings, American trainees succeeded in overthrowing their governments in 72 of the 165 coup attempts.

Train Wreck

There is significant evidence that the sprawling patchwork of America's military training programs for foreign forces is hopelessly broken.  In 2013, a State Department advisory board found that American security aid had no coherent means of evaluation and no cohesive strategy. It compared the "baffling" array of programs to "a philanthropic grant-making process by an assemblage of different foundations with different agendas." 

A 2014 RAND analysis of U.S. security cooperation (SC) found "no statistically significant correlation between SC and change in countries' fragility in Africa or the Middle East." A 2015 report from U.S. Special Operations Command's Joint Special Operations University noted that efforts at building partner capacity have "in the past consumed vast resources for little return." That same year, an analysis by the Congressional Research Service concluded that "despite the increasing emphasis on, and centrality of, [building partner capacity] in national security strategy and military operations, the assumption that building foreign security forces will have tangible U.S. national security benefits remains a relatively untested proposition." 

"There are no standard guidelines for determining the goals of [counter-terrorism] security assistance programs, particularly partner capacity-building training programs, or for assessing how these programs fit into broader U.S. foreign policy objectives," reads a 2016 Center for a New American Security report. "And there are few metrics for measuring the effectiveness of these programs once they are being implemented." And in his 2016 report on IMET for the Council on Foreign Relations, Kurlantzick noted that the effort is deeply in need of reform. "The program," he wrote, "contains no system for tracking which foreign military officers attended IMET… [a]dditionally, the program is not effectively promoting democracy and respect for civilian command of armed forces."

Studies aside, the failures of U.S. training efforts across the Greater Middle East have been obvious for years. From the collapse of the U.S.-built Iraqi army in the face of small numbers of Islamic State militants to a stillborn effort to create a new armed force for Libya, a $500 million failed effort to train and equip Syrian rebels, and an often incompetent, ghost-soldier-filled, desertion-prone army in Afghanistan, large-scale American initiatives to build and bolster foreign forces have crashed and burned repeatedly. 

One thing stateside U.S. training does seem to do, according to Caverley and Savage, is increase "human capital" -- that is, foreign trainees' professional skills like small unit tactics and strategic planning as well as intangibles like increased prestige in their home countries. And unlike other forms of American aid that allow regimes to shuttle state resources toward insulating the government from coups by doing anything from bribing potential rivals to fostering parallel security forces (like presidential guards), FMT affords no such outlet. "If you give assets to a group with guns and a strong corporate identity within a country lacking well-developed institutions and norms, you create the potential for political imbalance," Caverley told TomDispatch. "An extreme example of that imbalance is an attempt to take over the entire government."

Strength and Numbers

The United States has a troubled past when it comes to working with foreign militaries. From Latin America to Southeast Asia, Washington has a long history of protecting, backing, and fostering forces implicated in atrocities. Within the last several months alone, reports have surfaced about U.S.-trained or -aided forces from the United Arab Emirates, Syria, Cameroon, and Iraq torturing or executing prisoners. 

Some U.S.-trained figures like Isaac Zida in Burkina Faso and Amadou Sanogo in Mali have experienced only short-term successes in overthrowing their country's governments.  Others like The Gambia's Yahya Jammeh (who went into exile in January after 22 years in power) and Egypt's president -- and former U.S. Army War College student -- Abdel Fattah el-Sisi have had far more lasting tenures as strongmen in their homelands.

Any foreign military training provided by the U.S., write Caverley and Savage, "corresponds to a doubling of the probability of a military-backed coup attempt in the recipient country." And the more money the U.S. spends or the more soldiers it trains via IMET, the higher the risk of a coup d'état.

In 2014, the U.S. resumed IMET support for Mali -- it had been suspended for a year following the insurrection -- and even increased that funding by a modest $30,000.  That West African nation has, however, never recovered from the coup crisis of 2012 and, half a decade later, remains wracked by an insurgency that Sanogo, his successors, and a French- and U.S.-backed military campaign have been unable to defeat. As the militant groups in Mali have grown and metastasized, the U.S. has continued to pour money into training local military personnel. In 2012, the year Amadou Sanogo seized power, the U.S. spent $69,000 in IMET funds on training Malian officers in the United States.  Last year, the figure reached $738,000.

For the better part of two decades from Afghanistan to Iraq, Yemen to Pakistan, Somalia to Syria, U.S. drone strikes, commando raids, large-scale occupations and other military interventions have led to small-scale tactical triumphs and long-term stalemates (not to mention death and destruction). Training efforts in and military aid to those and other nations -- from Mali to South Sudan, Libya to the Philippines -- have been plagued by setbacks, fiascos, and failures.

President Trump has promised the military "tools" necessary to "prevent" and "win" wars.  By that he means "resources, personnel training and equipment... the finest equipment in the world."  Caverley and Savage's research suggests that the Pentagon could benefit far more from analytical tools to shed light on programs that cost hundreds of billions of dollars and deliver counterproductive results -- programs, that is, where the only "wins" are achieved by the likes of Yahya Jammeh of The Gambia and Egypt's Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi. 

"Warfighters focus on training other warfighters. Full stop. Any second order effects, like coups, are not the primary consideration for the training," Caverley explains. "That's why security cooperation work by the U.S. military, like its more violent operations, needs to be put in a strategic context that is largely lacking in this current administration, but was not much in evidence in other administrations either."


          Cameroon for taxon Orphnaeus brevilabiatus (Newport, 1845)        
Distribution "Cameroon" for taxon Orphnaeus brevilabiatus (Newport, 1845) has been added by A.D. Barber via the webinterface on 2009-05-10T13:58:36+00:00
          Challenges, Adventure Empower Argawal        

Aditya Argarwal

Aditya Agarwal is a leader in Silicon Valley. In December, the Carnegie Mellon University alumnus — one of the earliest employees at Facebook — was named chief technology officer for Dropbox, where he supervises hundreds of engineers creating innovations for the online storage company.

Growing up, Agarwal was always the new student in school. His father, a chemical engineer, moved the family from their home base in India to Cameroon, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand.

That globe-trotting, which culminated in the family’s immigration to the United States, helped Agarwal develop an outgoing personality and a sense of adventure — important assets in the startup world.

“My dad loved pursuing new adventures. My desire to be at startups is in no small part from what I learned from him in my childhood,” Agarwal said.

Agarwal said studying at Carnegie Mellon gave him the problem-solving skills to thrive.

“CMU teaches you that computer science is not a rote, mechanical field but a profession deeply rooted in creativity,” Agarwal said. “The best people in the profession are closer to artists than engineers.”

Teaching professor Mark Stehlik, assistant dean for outreach at CMU's School of Computer Science, remembered Agarwal as “strong from the get-go.” After completing his undergraduate computer science degree in three years, Agarwal was one of five students to complete the fifth-ear master’s degree program, which included Ph.D. classes. He also spent four semesters in a row working as a teaching assistant.

“He came here on a mission,” Stehlik said. “He is a poster child for the kind of student we attract here, the kind of student we make better here and the kind of student who is a leader in our industry.” Agarwal also found love at CMU — Ruchi Sanghvi. Like her husband, Sanghvi is a software engineer, entrepreneur and investor. She previously was vice president of operations at Dropbox and is now involved in South Park Commons.

“The most important thing you can do is to marry someone smarter than you so they can challenge you,” Agarwal said of Sanghvi, who was the first female engineer at Facebook. “I’m extremely grateful that I met her at CMU.”

In 2005, the two engineers headed west for jobs at Facebook. On his third day in the office, Mark Zuckerberg walked up to Agarwal, then a 23-year-old software engineer, and said, “You should build a Facebook search engine.”

Argawal said the challenge empowered him.

“We place these somewhat artificial constraints on what we can do until we look at someone like Mark Zuckerberg, who is fearless,” Argawal said. “The stars were aligned for me to have an opportunity at a generational company like Facebook. It was like getting strapped into a rocketship. That gave me experiences that allowed me to have a big impact at places like Dropbox.”

At Dropbox, he has helped the company celebrate several record-breaking financial achievements. Dropbox has 500 million users worldwide and teams in over half of the Fortune 500 companies.

Agarwal and his team have made project collaboration easier through a tool called Paper, which allows users to comment, add video and sound clips to a project and update changes in real time.

“If you could cut down on the amount of time you waste at work — reading emails, managing your calendar, keeping in sync with people — we believe we can unleash an immense amount of productivity from the most brilliant people,” he said.

Argarwal recently announced via Facebook that he was leaving Dropbox to join Sanghvi at South Park Commons.

“I am very excited by the ever-increasing scope of technology to fundamentally improve people’s lives around the world,” he said in the post. “I have been fortunate to be part of seminal companies like Facebook and Dropbox so the next act has a lot to live up to.”

This story has been updated to reflect Argarwal's recent move to South Park Commons.


          Amnesty flags China’s non-transparency on ‘capital offenses’        
Source: Asia Times (11 April 2017)

http://www.atimes.com/article/amnesty-flags-chinas-non-transparency-capital-offences/

Lack of transparency in relation to enforcement of terrorism and drug laws in China is identified as a growing area for concern by Amnesty International in a report published today.

‘China’s Deadly Secrets’, a companion to the organization’s annual report on capital punishment around the globe, notes that the country has sought greater diplomatic, military and law enforcement co-operation from other countries in its attempts to combat terrorism and stem the drug trade. However it flags a lack of understanding internationally as to how the law is applied in such cases as a concern.

Charges of “terrorism” or “extremism” are cited as a possible smokescreen for broad persecution of religious minorities and individuals who criticize the Chinese government. The authors also note that drug-related offences do not belong to the category of “most serious offences” to which the death penalty should be restricted under international law.

Amnesty’s annual report reveals that China remains the top executioner in the world, with thousands killed by authorities each year.

The human rights NGO says China executed thousands of people in 2016, more than all the other countries around the world put together. However, the true extent of the use of the death penalty in China “still remains unknown” as the data is kept secret.

Excluding China, 23 states around the world executed a total of 1,032 people in 2016, a 37% decrease from the 1,634 in 2015, when the organization recorded the highest number of executions in a single year since 1989. Other countries making up the world’s top five executioners in 2016 were Iran (at least 567), Saudi Arabia (at least 154), Iraq (at least 88) and Pakistan (at least 87).

Despite the significant year-on-year decrease, the overall number of executions in 2016 remained higher than the average recorded for the previous decade, Amnesty said.
Breakdown of death executions, excluding China. Source: Amnesty International

New disclosures in Vietnam and Malaysia also found that the numbers of executions in those countries were higher than previously thought. Vietnam executed 429 people from August 6, 2013 to June 30, 2016. The figures were first revealed in Vietnamese media in February 2017, making the country secretly the world’s third biggest executioner over the last three years, according to Amnesty.

“The magnitude of executions in Vietnam in recent years is truly shocking. You have to wonder how many people have faced the death penalty without the world knowing it,” said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International at the launch of the report in Hong Kong. “This conveyor belt of executions completely overshadows recent death penalty reforms.”

While unable to arrive at a conclusive figure for China, the report exposes hundreds of death penalty cases missing from its national online court database. Amnesty counted at least 931 reports of executions in China’s public news media from 2014 to 2016; however only 85 of them were recorded in the state database.

“How many people are executed in China every year and how they are executed remains completely unknown,” said Nicholas Bequelin, Regional Director for East Asia at Amnesty International. “This really stands in contrast with what the government is claiming in recent years.” The online database is touted as the government’s “crucial step towards openness” and evidence that the country’s judicial system has nothing to hide.

The database contains only “a tip of an iceberg” in relation to the thousands of death sentences that Amnesty International estimates are handed out every year in China, Bequelin said. The organization is “calling on the Chinese government to come clean, and disclose the actual level of capital punishment,” he added.

The total number of death sentences reported in 2016 (as opposed to executions carried out) jumped to 3,117 in 55 countries, exceeding the record-high total of 2,466 in 2014. The increase was mainly led by spikes in 12 countries including Bangladesh, Cameroon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The organization’s improved ability to obtain credible data on countries such as Thailand is cited as having contributed to the higher overall figure.

          Cameroon's Aurelien Chedjou slams fake transfer news        
Cameroon defender Aurelien Chedjou has taken a local media source to task on Twitter after they incorrectly reported that he'd joined Istanbul Basaksehir from Galatasaray. Writing on his @AurelienChedjou handle, the 31-year-old completely repudiated an article published by local source CamFoot, who had shared a transfer story doing the rounds in the Turkish media that revealed the defender was on the move. "Stop writing s--- please," the defender began. "I haven't signed anywhere.  "€800,000,"...
          Football – A Universal Language        
submitted by Chris Thomas The World Cup is underway in South Africa — the first time an African nation has ever hosted the quadrennial event. Joining Brazil, Spain, Argentina, Germany, England, the U.S. and other football powers in the 32 team field include five from sub-Saharan Africa — Ghana’s Black Stars; Cameroon’s Indomitable Lions; Ivory […]
          Volunteer to Build Communities in Cameroon        

Cameroon, officially known as the ?Republic of Cameroon? is a country in the West Central African region. There are still areas in Cameroon that have no proper civic facilities and services. In order for these areas to understand and make use of the technological advances today, Cameroon needs all the help it can get from […]

The post Volunteer to Build Communities in Cameroon appeared first on Volunteer Abroad News.


          Bastogne Soldiers celebrate 242 years of U.S. Army        
The Task Force Toccoa soldiers of 1st Battalion, 506th Infantry Regiment, part of the 1st Brigade Combat Team, 101st Airborne Division, celebrate the U.S. Army's 242nd birthday at Contingency Location Garoua, Cameroon, June 14.
          Unified Focus 2017 tabletop exercise brings multinational collaboration to Cameroon        
Unified Focus 2017 was a weeklong tabletop exercise held at the Douala Naval Base, April 24-28, that brought the military partners of the Lake Chad basin area's Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) together to practice joint planning and coordination through a series of scripted vignettes.
          Regional Leaders Seminar brings partners together in Cameroon        
The U.S. Army, in partnership with the Cameroonian Armed Forces and other partner nations, hosted a Regional Leaders Seminar for senior military leaders in Douala, Cameroon, April 28.
          African-born officer gets back to his roots with Cameroon mission        
About a decade ago, Soule Malame left a dearth of opportunity in his home country of Togo in search of a better life in America. Today, he's paying it forward to another West African nation, as part of a U.S. Army mission to strengthen Cameroon's military and its people in defeating Boko Haram and other violent extremists. UA-84299839-1
          Cultural center, US Soldiers bring a touch of Americana to Cameroon        
Leonce Laure, 19, has been visiting the American Corner center in Garoua, Cameroon, for a year and a half and says she loves conversing with U.S. Army Soldiers there and learning about their culture. UA-84299839-1
          US, Cameroon soldiers bond over basketball, Army-Air Force rivalry        
American and Cameroonian soldiers come from entirely separate parts of the world with distinct cultural differences. But on Friday, they discovered something in common -- the urge to beat their respective country's air force when given the chance. UA-84299839-1
          USARAF builds, strengthens partnerships through accord exercises        
VICENZA, Italy -- Soldiers representing U.S. Army Africa are currently in Cameroon for exercise Unified Focus 17, the second accord event of the year. The accord series is composed of four major events scheduled to take place intermittently on the African continent through the beginning of August. Exercise Justified Accord 17 was held in Ethiopia last month, and the following exercises, United Accord 17 and Shared Accord 17, will take place in Ghana and South Africa, respectively.
          Using education as a weapon, Soldiers help Cameroon deter Boko Haram        
A civil affairs team is helping the Western African nation of Cameroon improve school conditions so that education can be used as a weapon to steer youth away from violent extremist groups. UA-84299839-1
          Exercise Unified Focus 2017 plan takes shape in Cameroon        
Military planners from the U.S., Cameroon and six other African and European nations converged here Dec. 5-7 to continue the planning and preparation for the inaugural U.S. Army Africa-led exercise Unified Focus 2017, scheduled to take place in April.
          Troyes book promotion to Ligue 1 with scoreless playoff draw with Lorient        
Lorient Troyes 0 0 FT Leg 2Aggregate: 1 - 2 Game Details Live football odds with bet365. Bet Now » GameCast Lineups and Stats Troyes won promotion to Ligue 1 by successfully defending a first-leg lead in their relegation playoff with Lorient. Leading 2-1 thanks to an injury-time winner from 40-year-old midfielder Benjamin Nivet in Thursday's first meeting, the second-tier side stood firm to secure a goalless draw at Stade du Moustoir and ensure they will swap divisions with their hosts next season. It could have been a different outcome had a bullet header from Lorient's Cameroon international forward Benjamin Moukandjo...
          Cameroon hosts multinational planning event for exercise Unified Focus 2017        
Military planners from the U.S., Cameroon and six other African and European nations converged here Oct. 11-14 to begin the initial planning for the inaugural U.S. Army Africa-led exercise Unified Focus 2017, scheduled to take place in April.
          USARAF C-IED support Lake Chad Basin partner nations by saving lives        
EOD Team Leaders tell the story Story by Oli Talbott, U.S. Army Africa Counter-IED Fusion Cell VICENZA, Italy - "Vous, vous et vous; sont morts. Vous êtes gravement blessé." (You, you, and you; are dead. You, are seriously wounded) On a training lane in Niamey, Niger, the team interpreter translated for U.S. Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal team leader Sgt. 1st Class Thomas Centeno, 723rd Ordnance Company (EOD) in Fort Campbell, Kentucky, during a train-the-trainer engagement with the Nigerien forces. The U.S. Army Africa-led engagement was one of several missions that brought subject matter experts to share their best practices with engineers in Niger, Chad, Nigeria and Cameroon to increase their capacity to conduct counter-improvised explosive device (C-IED) missions.
          Multinational Planners put final touches on Exercise Unified Focus 2017 in Cameroon        
Military planners from the U.S., Cameroon and seven other African and European nations met here Feb. 6-9 to finish the planning and preparation for the inaugural U.S. Army Africa-led exercise Unified Focus 2017, scheduled to take place in April.
          Cameroon hospital continues yearslong relationship with U.S. forces        
The Hopital Militaire de Douala hosted a visit from Brig. Gen. Kenneth Moore, the U.S. Army Africa deputy commanding general and Army Reserve Engagement Cell chief, Feb. 8, 2017.
          USARAF general visits Seabees building foundation in Cameroon        
Sailors of the Navy Mobile Construction Battalion (NMCB) 11 hosted Brig. Gen. Kenneth Moore, the U.S. Army Africa deputy commanding general and Army Reserve Engagement Cell chief, Feb. 7, 2017.
          Soldiers promote education, build relations in Cameroon        
GAROUA, Cameroon - Soldiers from the 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division and Civil Affairs Team 8222 visited the American Corner in Garoua April 27, 2016. The American Corner at Garoua was opened on December 13, 2006 by Ambassador Niels Marquardt and the government delegate of the Garoua Municipal Council. The American Corner is located in the Municipal Library of the Garoua urban community and serves as an English library and a hub for learning. The English Club is one of many programs the American Corner offers.
          Soldiers in Cameroon receive first mail shipment        
Garoua, Cameroon - After several months of planning and coordination across three continents, mail arrived May 1, 2016 for the approximately 200 Soldiers here assisting Cameroonians combat violent extremism. Soldiers from the 16th Sustainment Brigade and 21st Special Troops Battalion, 21st Theater Sustainment Command in Germany, assisted in the establishment of postal operations for personnel on mission here, mostly from the Fort Stewart, Georgia based 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division.
          US, Cameroon troops partner for local education        
GAROUA, Cameroon - Soldiers from 2nd Infantry Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, in partnership with the Cameroon Air Force, held a school supply donation ceremony at the Ecole Maternelle Base Aerienne 301 Garoua (government nursery school) here April 8.
          Comment on Premium Betting Tips 25.06.2017. by kumar ajatshatru        
Don't mind here is my personal tip Germany Vs Cameroon Germany win and OVer 2.5 Goals at 2.75 Cheers Predictions365
          Coffee, Tea, Chapel Hill        
In which a piece of correspondence between two friends who have had a mild tiff may inform the reader about drinking tea in Chapel Hill, North Carolina

15 December 2009

My Dear A -------,

Sorry again about Friday. Yes, okay, hypersensitive, but if you wouldn't argue for argument's sake without noticing you've annoyed people, maybe they wouldn't get so huffy. And of course I'll call it even if you will. Here is what you asked for, meanwhile, namely "What is it with this tea thing?" And, "If not here, where?" It turns out that the places I'd send you for tea are all in Chapel Hill.

You forget we were coffee drinkers together twenty years ago. I was in the kitchen that morning you shuffled in, grumpy, wanting coffee you knew we’d run out of, and you saw Bill slumping at the table over a cup of something hot. You opened your eyes and asked greedily, hoping against hope, what it was. He glared up at both of us, and in a flat, depressed voice laced with disgust, said ... “Tea.”

For thirty years I heard that voice, whenever a lady passed me a fragile, cup-and-saucer-balancing-a-teaspoon contraption that I accepted gracelessly, a penguin in Keds, every time that weak and acid wash was improved by neither milk nor sugar, every time Southern iced tea fell short, wailing, of its bittersweet potential. When my wise, laid-back friends built campfires in the woods and boiled peppermint, I balanced tactfully on a log, thinking of hot showers and coffee. And three years ago when I found I couldn’t handle coffee anymore and had to substitute tea, it felt like the light of life was dimming ... no more scotch, no cigarettes, no late-night dancing. No gleaming edges, no infinity. Damn.

So, yes, I'm drinking tea. Part of my incoherence Friday was because I didn’t come by tea honestly. It came to me while I was grousing about losing coffee. I was consoling myself with black teas that were potable enough, but still, grouse, grumble. My meeting tea was like a dream of Caliban come true: mutter, curse, grumble ... Somewhere amid the profanity and in public I uttered the word “oolong” in full ignorance, and it happened to be heard by a friend. A good, true, old friend, one who is also a knowledgeable denizen of the Tea World and an ardent, charismatic teacher -- and generous beyond belief. “Oh, oolong?” he exclaimed, “Tell me what kind of teas you’re drinking; what do you like? You must reserve judgment on oolongs. Let me send you some tea.”
Be not afeared. The isle is full of noises,
Sounds and sweet airs that give delight and hurt not.
Sometimes a thousand twangling instruments
Will hum about my ears, and sometimes voices ...
He sent tea in boxes: oolongs and tiny porcelain cups. Elegant wooden tea tongs and clay pots that rang like chimes and came to warm life in my hand. A flowerlike, clear glass pitcher, and a fruitlike, barky oolong whose ghost of smoke was delicate like old rice paper and as elegantly caramel.
... And then in dreaming,
The clouds methought would open and show riches
Ready to drop upon me, and when I waked,
I cried to dream again ...
There came pages of written instructions, precise yet not intimidating, accompanied by painted blue figures afloat on a shell-like, porcelain gaiwan. Companionship, expertise, discovery, and oh, "Here, you’ll also need a small kitchen scale, and this isn’t just decorative, no, it holds the dry tea leaf." I had only to gasp my thanks and learn to boil water. It was not fair. There came a bi luo chun whose intense, newness-of-life taste floated a molecule at a time in seas of pale pearl green. Another box arrived, and for days darjeelings flowered and leathery keemuns breathed horses and sandalwood, cocoa and tobacco ...

The tastes were intense, tastes to vie with those that lead to the worship of coffee mugs. They were nuanced. They moved. They embodied the hills they grew on, the towns where they were fired. "Oh," I thought; "'Delicate' is not a euphemism for 'watery'? 'Subtle' is not code for 'Ignore this if you are drawn to power and clarity'?"

All this was a little hard to describe right there in the mall Friday. That stuff they were giving us had little to do with taste or tradition. It was not the best example of tea. That was a warm, interesting variation on its neighbor; there is a place and time for macadamia nut and coconut in a cup of something warm, but that isn't what makes coffee exiles light up and quit whining. The color-coordinated teaware sets a peaceful and exotic mood; the shelves of labels are delightful to behold. Yes, of course you're right -- they are selling a trend. And if that particular outfit doesn't sell better tea (gyokuro not dusty black, oolong not boring, Ceylon that differs from Assam), then -- well, whatever. You're right, but while you were scoffing at a fad, and me, I was not just being defensive. I was upset with the place because the hype is so far out in front of what they are selling, not because the tea is indifferent. Selling mood over substance can be misleading, not just hype; sell average or poor X in a nice, pricey cup from a specialty X shop, and buyers think that’s the last word in X. Witness your witty but cruel taunts in the car all the way home.

For a basic introduction (no, I am not mailing you boxes of anything, not after Friday), try 3 Cups, the specialty wine/coffee/tea shop here in Chapel Hill; they define themselves by careful selection, hand crafting, sustainable growth, family tradition. You can buy a cup of coffee. If you try tea there instead of buying some to take home, beware the coffee-saturated air; do not laugh at me about this until you re-live that argument you pitched last month about bacon indoors v. bacon outdoors. Do collect every little circular they have with the word “tea” on it. They are still working on their tea selection, but the written information they put out for their customers is as good a “This is Tea” as I could wish to find. It is written in coffee and wine language. To the North Carolina customer interested in authenticity and quality, they say:

“Water -- Because of its milder and more subtle flavors the quality of the water you choose for tea is far more important than it is for coffee. Traditionally spring water ...”

“All teas start out green. And in the Chinese and Japanese traditions ... To make green teas, you steam the leaf right after plucking ... While their flavor range is vast, they are always subtle and delicate.”

“A good teapot is a beautiful thing. It allows the tea leaves to fully expand but also makes it easy to remove them, all the while keeping your tea nice and hot. The best all-around is ...”


“Use 2 to 2.5 grams of tea for each 6 ounces of pot capacity ... A minute less yields a milder tea with, possibly, more delicate aromatics; a minute longer yields a gutsier cup with more bite and persistence, especially useful for black tea with milk. Experiment!”

“Oolongs ... vary from nearly green to reddish brown, with a hundred recognized microtones in between ... Flavors range from floral and citrusy to peach-like and woodsy. These are the rosés of tea ...”

So, they are not afraid to start you at the beginning, right here at home. They stock decent tea in a representative range and list tisanes and scented teas separately from the others. They do not, like everyone else in town, hand you a large French press with a coffee cup and leave you to the distracted mercies of a barista. You can sample anything you’re curious about at 3 Cups in the company of someone who has tasted the tea. They serve in the Chatsford pot described in their literature, and with a small timer for those who care to use it. And, given their commitment to excellence, their tea is due to improve. The first eight offerings on their printed list are: “Pai Mu Tan Imperial, Himalaya Green, Dragonwell First Grade, Gyokuro Asahi, Choice Formosa Oolong, Green Dragon Oolong, Jade Pouchong, Royal Golden Yunnan.” If you buy some tea to take home, if you’re still curious after that, let me know.

I wish I could direct you to a Chinese tea house. You would go happily. It would make its own introduction for you. You have always mocked pretension but grown quiet when entering true places. Lacking one of those, consider Caffe Driade, one of your favorite coffee places, the small, the hip, but Italianate pastoral. Lovely on quiet days, the wooded terraces around it are also the only places I know in the Triangle area where one can drink tea without the smell of coffee or car exhaust. Meet me here. We will sit outside on one of the stone terraces under gold and grey, sunlit trees. You can drink coffee, or tell me whether you bought anything at 3 Cups. I will listen and try their Young Hyson again in the clear, winter air. The tea will come in a press, and you can roll your eyes while I scowl and try to play with the brewing time. The barista's recommendation of four minutes is not good. Pouring it off after a minute or two minutes does not work with this amount of leaf. I'm working my way up. A third time I may get the hang of it. But the teacup will be a lovely, handmade yunomi in shades of dark blue that enhance the green color of the tea. The first eight items on their tea menu are usual suspects, including scented teas, but another eight are "China Green, Gunpowder Green, Organic Genmaicha, Organic Jasmine, Dragonwell, Young Hyson, Sencha Hana, and Cameroonian." If only there were a Chatsworth teapot here.

The third place to go for tea is the only one where I see you inhaling for the joy of it, the gourmet food place, A Southern Season. People don't always know it started out life as a coffee roastery before it grew. It's impressive, the way it fills that department-store-sized space with warmth and sparkle. You always make it a point to use the coffee-scented street entrance, I notice, and not the mall entrance with its mere wall of chocolate. Vietri, bakery, deli, wine, cookware, flowers, beer, bar, specialty salts, a riot, really, and even in the store’s small phase I never paid attention to its tea selection until the day when small yixing teapots -- the first I had ever seen -- appeared on the tea shelves. The pots were small and decorative. They are replaced now in the larger store by larger yixing, mostly still decorative, which sit among Chinese storage urns, matcha whisks, English pots and steeping cups, islands and walls of boxed and tinned teas, coffee mugs, kettles, and tea strainers, from boutique trendy to a small gong fu set with its bamboo tray, and a white porcelain taster’s set. At table height at the tea counter sits a range of tea that runs from white, yellow, green, oolong, and gold, to decaffeinated, tisane, and flavored. These are displayed in clear cellophane bags for temptation’s sake and are everyday good, at everyday prices.

On the wall behind the tea counter are large silver cannisters containing a range that runs from white, yellow, green, oolong, and gold, to aged oolong and pu’er. At the counter itself I always find someone who knows the teas and enjoys giving advice or information: “Try a Kenya Mountain Estate for the Firdowsi lover who drinks his tea Iranian style.” “Back the heat down, way down, further down; I think you will enjoy this gyokuro.” For me, one day, wondering about the nature of an aged oolong, the manager of the department advised me about the smoke-to-depth proportions and, when I wavered, pulled out a refrigerated sample of it and brewed some on the spot. She shared some observations on its vanilla and currant and the peculiar flavor of its overlying smoke.

These are teas that could tempt a coffee drinker. They vye with coffee in a bustling market of a place, chosen, it seems, to open up strongly in a 6-8 ounce cup, Western style, but they don’t fall short, and they don’t misrepresent. They pique, they invite. Eight among those I have tried: “Monkey Picked Tie Guan Yin, Premium Yunnan Gold, Ujo Gyokuro, Buddha’s Hand Oolong, Four Seasons Oolong, Mokalbari Estate Assam, Wild Forest Oolong, Royal Courtesan Dong Ding.” You can pick up an ounce or two of tea next time you're in buying beans.

What's missing in Chapel Hill, though it has Chinese teas for sale, is Chinese tradition. I can't help wishing for a tea house, where simple light would bring a glow to the elegance of eggshell teacups. The dry leaf would rustle amid the ring and chime of porcelain and fine clay and then the music of bubbling water. Treated as they were raised to be treated, seventy-two finely shaped tea leaves in water would swirl in quick exuberance, dance apart, and then gently settle down in their cup. In a space where they are met halfway, they will taste spring-fresh or as crafty and poignant as an entire autumn mountainside, with toasted nut, peach scent before the peach is ripe, or pear; bark smoke, wood smoke, or summer rain hitting stone and iron on a balcony. There is artichoke-stem or crabmeat rich, sometimes a hint of butter. The different flavors move, settle and blossom in different places in the mouth. In sweet, salt, bitter, and sour they will tease, promise, and echo. There is often an after-perfume that I grope to name while compulsively holding empty cups to my nose, unable to let go, a nearsighted child with a sea shell: was this the bottom of the bowl after sweet cereal was gone? the mild half of cooked orange? that air that wafted through the house while cinnamon bread was baking?

-- But that could be another letter, and I have gone on too long. Here's what we have, since you ask, and I promise to forgive you for laughing. Call me when you're back, and we'll have coffee soon -- or tea.

Love,
Rebekah

~~~~~~~~~~ · ~~~~~~~~~~

EDITOR'S NOTE: With this post we welcome REBEKAH, an esteemed colleague and friend whose creative work is as learned and nuanced as her scholarship. She makes her home in Chapel Hill, which has been celebrated by BON APPETIT as 'America's Foodiest Small Town'; it should perhaps not surprise us that tea culture has begun to take root there as well. Our warmest thanks to Rebekah for this glimpse of it.
          Comment on WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2016 WITH GREEN CAMEROON by Henke Pistorius        
SOIL2healthNGO-NPC (S2hNGO) is a South African NGO who has been selected and invited to register with the UN. With government support S2hNGO wish to invite possible JV partners to add to the knowledge & expertise in a >100 000 hectare Moringa oleifera project to produce MORINGA oil for an international client, manufacturing other Moringa products for international partners in our PPP, or Private Public Partnerships. Please make contact with the CEO, Henke Pistorius
          Comment on Green Mount Cameroon Project 6 Months Now! by Lewis Nji        
Good morning, I'm happy for the good things that is being done in organization. I will like to have the office number so as to call. thanks
          Comment on WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2016 WITH GREEN CAMEROON by Ayamende Joel Fon        
Hi, I'm Fon Ayamende age 29 the Promoter of Protecting Lives and Future Association for Development Muyuka. I love and really want to be part of this great inniative put in place by Green Cameroon.
          Comment on Green Cameroon’s training on GeoInformation for Environmental Management by tremor coin generator        
Dear Sir,I compleated my ITI civil draftsman after my 12th (commerce).i would like to continue my study.last 5 years i am working here in abu dhabi.which courses are suitable for me.please suggest.i am looking part time courses in abu dhabi.
          Comment on Green Cameroon’s community tree nurseries by Chang        
Great! I hope your dream come true!
          Comment on Green Cameroon’s training on GeoInformation for Environmental Management by Lechindem EFUETNGWOA Benrollince        
Will love to undergo a training with you on GeoInformaic(be it GIS, Remote sensing, Geo database, Photogrammetry ). i am a final year student doing Geomatics Engineering in the university of dschang. so if any occasion comes up please alert me. Thanks.
          Comment on Community Pig Farm Project by Tufoin Emmanuel Nkwain        
Wahooooo what a great job, I salute your efforts. I'm a young Cameroonian living in the north west. I have 5 pigs and I wish to increase them and also acquire more training on pig farm. I wish to be a part of your team
          Comment on Moringa and the Food Crisis, Green Cameroon in Community Development by Fritz Mbah        
Hello Green Cameroon friends. I am so glad that you are already making such a progress to situate moringa as a low cost alternative solution to the protein requirement of women and youth but I think the requirement is for all ages. Just like Nkamanyi Terence, I have developed interest in moringa and wish to have these two questions raised by Terence answered: How big is the market and can I get an aid or support to cultivate moringa from any organisation? I am particularly working with one of the biggest underprivileged children organisation in the South West Region of Cameroon. Anxiously waiting to here from you.
          Comment on WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY 2016 WITH GREEN CAMEROON by kameni queens daisy        
Hello,Green community Am a young Cameroonian of 23 Wish to be part of this organisation" am motivate and existed to know how to save the planet where we live and and the different method that are used Am a graduated student from university Hope to hear from you soon
          Ø´Ø±Ø­ و كيفية تنصيب باتش PTE 4.0 مع حل مشكلة عدم دخول اللعبة | How To Install PTE 4.0 Patch        

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          Global mHealth Services Market: Increasing Penetration of 3G and 4G Networks Drives Growth        
The increasing trend of mobile health services among consumers across the world has boosted the global mHealth services market. The rise in the usage of smartphones and tablets as well as increasing coverage area of 3G and 4G networks in the global arena is the key factor behind the significant growth of this market. The rising incidence of chronic diseases has propelled the need to acutely monitor patients’ health on a regular basis. With mHealth services, patients, who are staying at remote places and cannot access medical facilities in times of urgency, can gain required assistance for instant relief. Apart from this, the cost efficiency of mHealth services is also fuelling the market extensively. These services have enabled patients to schedule assessment sessions at their places, according to their convenience, and without shelling out much, which they are required to spend when they happen to visit a hospital. Apple Inc., Vodafone, MTN, Alcatel-Lucent, Kmart Pharmacy, and Symantec are the key international mHealth services providers. Here is a snapshot of latest happenings in the global mHealth services market. Kmart Pharmacy, a U.S. based pharmaceutical company, has introduced a new mHealth application in September 2015 under the brand name ‘Gmate SMART Blood Glucose Monitoring System’. Patients with diabetes can monitor their glucose levels using this app, which is available in every Kmart pharmacy in the U.S. It is also available at App Store and Google Play as a free download. The government of Cameroon has recently collaborated with MTN, one of the key telecom operator in Cameroon, in order to provide an effective mHealth services platform to the country’s citizens. The platform is named ‘MTN Health’ and is thoroughly guided by Cameroon’s Ministry of Public Health. 2015 was a good year for the global mHealth services market. 2016 is also anticipated to bring in positive changes in terms of market valuation.

Original Post Global mHealth Services Market: Increasing Penetration of 3G and 4G Networks Drives Growth source Twease
          Acid Krush Red Cameroon        
-- Handmade in Nicaragua, Acid Krush Red Cameroon cigarillos are infused with a secret blend of herbs and botanicals to create an amazingly unique flavored cigar experience. Small in stature and flush in one-of-a-kind taste, Acid Krush cigarillos are sure to satisfy. Acid Krush Red Cameroon doles out the dark and decadent flavors of Acid Red in a convenient 4x32 cigarillo.
          Acid One        
-- The Acid One cigar is cloaked in a Cameroon wrapper that has been cask cured for 90 days. This sweet wrapper leaf, along with robust filler tobaccos and a special infusion of 5 red wines make this a smoke to remember. Wanna take it all the way? Pair this opulent stogie with a big glass of Cabernet and a hefty steak dinner.Truly in a league of its own, Acid One is a non-aromatic cigar that delivers its rich bouquet of flavors through a spot-on 5 x 54 Torpedo vitola with a pigtail head.
          UN Deplores Boko Haram Violent Attacks        
The UN Security Council demanded that the Islamist extremist group immediately stop all hostilities in the light of the recent increase in Boko Haram, reported the media on Tuesday.   Since 2009, the council condemned all the human rights, violations, and abuses of international humanitarian law proposed by Boko Haram. These actions might result to crimes against humanity, said Xinhua.  According to the demands proposed by The Security Council, Boko Haram has to unequivocally and immediately cease all the abuses regarding the violations and human rights and hostilities pertaining to the international humanitarian law, said the council in a statement earlier on Monday. The demands also claimed that the immediate and unequivocal release includes around 276 school girls that were kidnapped in Northern Nigeria, Chibok in the month of April last year. The law expects the release of all abducted by the group.   Also, the 15-nation Boko Haram’s body emphasized the regional impact over the wide scale civilian displacement that took place in Nigeria. Nigerians were swarmed into the neighboring places of Chad, Niger, and Cameroon.    The council has welcomed innovative plans for the meeting to be held on January 20 in Niger, Niamey. This meeting will discuss the threat posed by Boko Haram.  Boko Haram’s most recent suicide bombing held in the capital Borno, Nigeria state on January 10 was also condemned by the UN council. During this bombing a 10-year-old girl was misused to detonate a bomb. This also ignited the attacks in Baga that resulted in major destruction of significant civilian homes and casualties.  All such events by Boko Haram has surged immense violence and unleashed a wave of fear across the world, especially in Nigeria.   In the northern part of this region, more than 9,00,000 people including women and children have fled their native homes. Also, more than 300 schools have been devastated and hundreds of innocent children have been injured, killed, or abducted from their schools and homes.

Original Post UN Deplores Boko Haram Violent Attacks source Twease
          Google News Lab powers digital journalism training for Africa        

For journalists, recent advances in digital technology present compelling new opportunities to discover, tell and share stories—like this one from the Mail & Guardian that uses Google My Maps to highlight top water wasters in metro areas during the drought. But learning how to use new digital tools for reporting can be intimidating or even daunting. This is particularly true in Africa, where digital integration in news and storytelling often remains a challenge. Few journalism institutions offer training programs in digital tools, and news organizations often lack the capability to use new digital technologies in their reporting.

That’s why we’re supporting a new initiative that will offer journalists across Africa training in skills like mobile reporting, mapping, data visualization, verification, and fact checking. In partnership with the World Bank and Code For Africa, this project aims to train more than 6,000 journalists by February 2018, in 12 major African cities: Abuja, Cape Town, Casablanca, Dakar, Dar es Salaam, Durban, Freetown, Johannesburg, Kampala, Lagos, Nairobi and Yaounde. By providing the instruction and support to better use available digital tools available, we hope to empower journalists across Africa to produce cutting-edge and compelling reporting.

Training will take place in three formats:

  • Beginning June 15, we’ll hold in-person training sessions on topics ranging  from displaying data with an interactive map to effective reporting with a mobile device. In each city, we’ll conduct trainings in three newsrooms and hold trainings twice a month for the duration of the initiative.
  • In August, a massive open online course (MOOC) will be made freely available online, covering a range of web concepts and practices for digital journalists.
  • We will also hold monthly study groups in collaboration with Hacks/Hackers (a global meetup organization) to provide more focused, in-person instruction. These monthly meetings will take place in Cameroon, Kenya, Morocco, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda.

In 2016, we announced our commitment to train 1 million African youth on digital skills during the year to help them create and find jobs. We hope this new initiative also helps contribute to the continued growth of Africa’s digital economy.

Please visit www.academy.codeforafrica.org to learn more and to register.


          MAJOLIE’S STORY        
The following is the first of three life stories told by three courageous Transitional Housing clients, and recent recipients of the Kathee Livengood Foundation Scholarship. Majolie was born in Cameroon, West Africa. At age nine, she was adopted by a... Continue Reading →
          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
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          Mexico beats Cameroon, advances to knockout round        
After a tough 2013, Mexico completed its magical turnaround by taking down Croatia 3-1 and advancing out of Group A.
          Restless Mornings 05-12-2017 with Ann Cantelow        
Playlist:

Adrian Raso Fanfare Ciocarlia- Devils Tale - Devils Tale
Azul Azul- La Batidora - Apretaito
Flipper- The Way Of The World - Generic Flipper
Sparklehorse- More Yellow Birds - Its A Wonderful Life
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Minutemen- Untitled Song For Latin America - Double Nickels On The Dime
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Otis Spann- Good Morning Mr Blues - Martin Scorsese Presents The Blues Piano Blues Music From The Motion Picture
Buck Owens- California Oakie Remastered - The Warner Bros Recordings
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Cartola- As Rosas Nao Falam - Raizes Do Samba Cartola
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Richard Walley- Juripin - Boolong
Joanne Shenandoah- Deer Dance - Best Of
Eva Cassidy- My Love Is Like A Red Red Rose - Somewhere
Gohar Gasparyan- Oror - Golden Classics Legendary Armenians
Tom Waits- Midnight Lullaby - Closing Time
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Anglica Mara- Te Busco Te Extrao - Angelica Mara 15 Grandes xitos
The Jimi Hendrix Experience- The Wind Cries Mary - Experience Hendrix The Best Of Jimi Hendrix
Juana Molina- La Rata - Wed 21


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/62/playlistDate/2017-05-12
          fifa 17 points account confirmed as the manager        

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Probably to stop abuse and to stop managers (coaches) from swapping out tired players. That is Player A is looking tired so the coach tells him to take a fall at the next opportunity. Once you are fifa 17 points account confirmed as the manager of a team it's time to find out a bit about the club. FIFA Manager 10 will provide information on the club's best player and what the objectives for the coming season are based on those set by the club's board of directors.

Step 3: Downloading SongsOnce you start playing songs you'll see a list form in PanDown. The one thing this app can not do is automatically name tracks. The Lord says to me that He watches him every time as he stays late midnight in his office trying to sort out things. His commitment has won him many opened opportunities of blessings for him. When you combine the two you get a cake that's fit for a fan. Below you'll find some of my favorite Real Madrid edible icing images.

They all played in Spain for either Barcelona or Real Madrid fut 17 coins and were great players for those clubs. With such players it is surprising that an Eastern European team has yet to win a FIFA World Cup.. They are two time runners up in CAF African Cup of fifa 17 ultimate team coins Nations and have once graced the victory stand when they broke the hearts of the Moroccans in 1996 beating the home team with a margin of 2 1. Now under former fut 17 coins Portugal coach Coelho the team has shown more fighting spirit and that was on display at Ghana 2008 where they bravely fought back from two goals down to fifa 17 points account a formidable Cameroon lead by Barcelona sensation Eto'o only to lose in the extra time.



          Restless Mornings 04-29-2016 with Ann Cantelow        
Playlist:

Bunker Hill- Hide And Go Seek - DriveIn Memories 7
Baka Pygmies- Song To Attract Game - Cameroon Baka Pygmy Music UNESCO Collection From Smithsonian Folkways
SixFing Thing- The Basic Nobility Of A Small Boy - SelfPortrait As A Venerable Shrub
Ero Gray- Staircase And Water Pipes 42 Broadway - Habitat
Conlon Nancarrow- Study No 36 - Studies For Piano Player
Simon Spire- Uncomfortable Clean Version - FourLetter Words
The Honorable South- ByeBye - Faithful Brave Honest
Parliament- Chocolate City - The Best Of Parliament Give Up The Funk
- voicebreak -
Greg Brown- King Corn - The Iowa Waltz 30th Anniversary Edition
Marty Stuart Merle Haggard- Farmers Blues - Compadres An Anthology Of Duets
The Yawpers- America - Capon Crusade
Sparklehorse- Painbirds - Good Morning Spider
SleaterKinney- Bury Our Friends - No Cities To Love
PJ Harvey- You Said Something - Stories From The City
Taylor Swift- Welcome To New York - 1989
- voicebreak -
Rona Hartner Dj Click- Dili Dilo - Boum Ba Clash
Haydamaky- Efir - Kobzar
Juan DArienzo- La Guitarrita 1936 - Tango The Originals Vol 1
Bajofondo Julieta Venegas- Pa Bailar Siempre Quiero Mas - Pa Bailar EP
La Bombacion- Baile Funk feat Tecou - Funk Globo The Sound Of Neo Baile Compiled By Funk Na Caixa Club Popozuda
Jaime Torres- Zelma - Electroplano
Richard Mitchley- Henry Wadsworth Longfellow An April Day - The Poetry Of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Toshiko Yonekawa Megumi Yonekawa- The Cherry Blossoms Sakura Sakura - Japanese Traditional Music
David ShawParker- Sonnet 98 From You Have I Been Absent In The Spring - Shakespeare Sonnets Vol 2
Leonard Bernstein New York Philharmonic- Appalachian Spring VII Doppio Movimento - Bernstein Century Copland Appalachian Spring Rodeo Billy The Kid Fanfare For The Common Man Billy The Kid
Joanne Shenandoah- Planting The Tree Of Peace - Peacemakers Journey
- voicebreak -
Donna Summer- She Works Hard For The Money - She Works Hard For The Money
PEREZ PRADO- Cherry Pink And Apple Blossom White - Mondo Mambo
Nick Lucas- Tiptoe Through The Tulips - Painting The Clouds
Judy Garland- Over The Rainbow - Over The Rainbow
- voicebreak -
Medeski Martin Wood- Free Go Lily - Radiolarians 1
Louis Armstrong- Pennies From Heaven - Louis Armstrong
Abigail Washburn The Sparrow Quartet- Banjo Pickin Girl - Abigail Washburn The Sparrow Quartet
Sol Hoopii- Iniki Malie - Vintage Hawaiian Magic
Alan Jackson- Little Bitty - Greatest Hits Vol 2
Maceo- Soul Power 74 - James Browns Funky People Pt 2
Charles Wright The Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band- Express Yourself - Express Yourself
Flatt Scruggs- Foggy Mountain Breakdown - The Best Of Flat And Scruggs The Millennium Colle
Bostich Fussible- Mi Casita - Nortec Collective Presents Tijuana Sound Machine


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/62/playlistDate/2016-04-29
          A Final, Informal Gathering with 2016–2017 Fellows        
On Tuesday, June 6th, all of the Fellows who still remain in Boston visited our 704 Commonwealth Avenue office suite for a final, informal gathering. Over coffee and donuts, Sevgim Çisel Çelik Keskin of Turkey and her husband, Sera Latu Kaukilakeba of Fiji and her husband, Mahmoud Mohammadi Khomeini of Iran, Josiane Sylvie Mbakop Noukeu of Cameroon, […]
          Seven Fellows Complete Bloomberg Terminal Certification at Questrom        
We are pleased to announce that seven members of the 2016–2017 cohort have completed the Bloomberg Essentials Program in the Frederick S. Pardee Management Library at the Questrom School of Business: Valeria Rios Molina, Bolivia Josiane Sylvie Mbakop Noukeu, Cameroon Latu Sera Laukilakeba, Fiji Pakaiphone Syphoxay, Laos Beatriz Gonzalez, Panama Sevgim Çisel Çelik Keskin, Turkey Edward Kapili, Zambia Bloomberg […]
          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Donate, Fast, Pray, Advocate for Humanitarian Assistance        
Global Emergency Response Coalition Formed



Years of violent civil war, endless drought and crippling poverty across Africa and Yemen have taken too many lives. Children and families lucky enough to survive today are on the brink of starvation. Enough is enough!  

That’s why eight leading international relief organizations have joined forces to form the Global Emergency Response Coalition

Formed in April 2017, the Global Emergency Response Coalition is a lifesaving humanitarian alliance made up of eight of the world’s largest U.S.-based international aid organizations, whose unified goal is to work collectively to deliver relief to millions of children and families in need.

Follow this Link to Donate
((PepsiCo Foundation and BlackRock have each offered a $1 million matching gift to save the world's hungriest people. That means every dollar you give today will be matched, dollar for dollar, up to a total of $2 million).

Your gift will help feed a child or family in these countries: Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Uganda, Yemen, South Sudan

Pray, Fast, Act
In addition to a donation to the humanitarian organizations, there are other options to become involved. The bishops of the Episcopal and Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), along with Bread for the World, invite you to Pray, Fast and Act (Advocate to Congress) for Foreign Assistance and Humanitarian Aid.

Every Friday is a day for prayer, fasting and advocacy for foreign assistance and humanitarian aid.
 

PRAY for an end to extreme poverty and for an end to humanitarian crises, including ongoing famines, around the world.

Dear God, You understand the needs of our broken world. Please guide us to share our time, talent, and wealth to help end extreme poverty, that we may deeply engage in our church's mission of global reconciliation. Amen. -From Lifting Women's Voices: Prayers to Change the World

FAST to raise awareness of the need to respond to human suffering and hunger no matter where it takes place.

Share on social media using #PrayFastAct and @TheEPPN. Post a picture of a dinner place setting with the reason you are fasting this month.

Educate yourself by reading Appropriations for Foreign Assistance from the Episcopal Church's Office of Government Relations.

(The Friday fast is part of the For Such a Time as This campaign, which also includes a fast on the 21st of every month that upholds people in our country on public assistance. Presiding Bishop Michael Curry explains in this video).



          Addax Petroleum Nigeria Graduate Trainees Recruitment 2012        
Addax Petroleum is a subsidiary of the Sinopec Group, one of the largest oil and gas producers in China, the largest oil refiner in Asia and the 3rd biggest worldwide. Addax Petroleum has over one thousand one hundred employees worldwide with service offices in Switzerland and USA, and operating offices in Nigeria, Gabon and Cameroon.

Addax Petroleum Nigeria is looking for young dynamic graduates with good interpersonal skills who have the potentials for leadership and ability to do well in a multi disciplinary and culturally diverse workplace.

Graduate Trainees - Lagos
Job Ref: 001401
Job Category: HR
Career Level: Senior (non-manager)

Requirements
  • Minimum of a Bachelor’s degree (Second Class, Upper Division) or its equivalent in any of the stated disciplines.
  • Business / Finance: Business Administration, Accounting, and Insurance.
  • Engineering: Petroleum, Chemical, Mechanical, Electrical / Electronics, Civil, Pipeline, Metallurgical & Material Engineering.
  • Sciences & Geosciences: Geology, Geophysics, Computer Science, & Physics,
  • Social Sciences: Economics, Psychology, Sociology, & Human Resources Management.
  • Must have graduated not more than 3 years ago or not more than 5 years ago if he/she possesses a Masters’ degree.
  • Candidates should have completed the mandatory NYSC program by December 2012
Job Application Closing Date - 17th October, 2012

Interested and qualified candidates should: Click here and apply online

Note: When it opens search for the job and click on job title: Graduate Trainees

Careers at Addax Petroleum Nigeria (www.addaxpetroleum.com)



          African Roots 10-10-2015 with Dj Addis        
Playlist:

Mulatu Astatke The Heliocentrics- Esketa Dance - Inspiration Information 3
Mulatu Astatke The Heliocentrics- Blue Nile - Inspiration Information 3
Gash Abera Mola- Yameral Agere - Yamral Agere
Kenya Mu Africa- Mu Africa - Kenya Mu Africa
Classical- Classical - Ethiopia
Abonsam- Abonsam - Ghana Abonsam
- voicebreak -
Aster Kebeda- Aster Ethiopia - Aster Kebeda Ethiopia
- voicebreak -
Rishan Kassa- Tigrigna - Rishan Kassa Ethiopia
Various Artists- Senegal - African Underground Vol 1 Hip Hop Senegal
- voicebreak -
Abubaker- Farxiya Fiska Iyo - Somali Music
Corrado Giuffredi Rino Vernizzi Trio- Serra Leone - Italian Swing Corrado Giuffredi Rino Vernizzi Trio
Tony Allen- Road Safety - Road Safety Lagos
- voicebreak -
Gbra Case- Gbra Case - Sierra Leone
Bobby Benson His Combo- Lagos - Highlife On The Move Selected Nigerian Ghanaian Recordings From London Lagos 195466
- voicebreak -
Tunji Oyelana- Nigeria - A Nigerian Retrospective 196679
Mali Bafoulabe- Bafoulabe - Mali Bafoulabe
Ephrem Tamiru And Gosaye Tesfaye- Balageru Ethiopia - Gosaye Tesfaye
Dimba Nyima- Dimba - Gambia Dimba
- voicebreak -
Pygmy- Pygmy Love Song - Cameroon
Congo DJUmbula- DJUmbula - Congo DJUmbula


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/83/playlistDate/2015-10-10
          AIMS Cameroon Graduation 2017        
  AIMS Cameroon graduated their 4th cohort of students on June 23rd, 2017. 46 students (16 females and 30 males) from 13 African countries, namely Cameroon, Nigeria, Kenya, Ghana, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Madagascar, the Central African Republic, Benin, the Republic of Congo, Sudan, Zimbabwe and Malawi, graduated with a Master’s degree in Mathematical sciences after undergoing a 1-year intensive program. The ...
          AIMS Senegal Graduation 2017        
On June 22nd 2017, AIMS Senegal, under the patronage of the Minister of Higher Education and Research,  hosted the graduation of its 6th cohort of distinguished scholars at the campus located at the IRD premises in Mbour.A total of 36 Students from 14 African countries, namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Ghana, Kenya, Republic of Congo, The Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar, ...
          Russia’s Salenko reportedly selling his Golden Boot to pay off debts        

The 1994 World Cup’s joint top goalscorer Oleg Salenko is prepared to sell his Golden Boot award for US$500,000 to pay off his debts, local media reported on Thursday.

"I received a good offer from the United Arab Emirates," Kiev-based Salenko was quoted as saying by Blik newspaper.

"I had a small business but after the [global] crisis everything is down and I need to pay off some debts," added the former Russia striker, who played for various clubs including Zenit, Dynamo Kiev, Valencia and Rangers before retiring in 2001.

"I’m not totally broke or anything like that so I have to sell everything, but the offer was hard to resist. I was told wealthy Arab sheikhs would take good care of the award by putting it in a local museum."

Salenko notched a World Cup record five goals in Russia’s 6-1 thrashing of Cameroon in their final group game at the 1994 finals in the U.S. He and Bulgaria’s Hristo Stoichkov both scored six goals in the tournament to finish joint top scorers.

"Of course, I would prefer for the boot to stay in Russia or Ukraine, so if I get the same offer here I wouldn’t have to sell it abroad," Salenko said.

© Thomson Reuters 2010


          UNICEF and partners fight deadly, but preventable, cholera outbreak in Cameroon        
UNICEF Cameroon Representative Ms. Musu Clemens-Hope speaks with UNICEF Radio about the outbreak of cholera in Northern Cameroon.
          Cameroon: Peer educators help fight HIV/AIDS        
UNICEF correspondent Thierry Delvigne-Jean reports on the HIV/AIDS peer education project in Cameroon.
          CAMEROON antique brass ceiling pendant light        
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          TerraSonic 07-01-2017         
Playlist:

Toli The Femm Nameless- See Line - See Line 10
Antibalas- Che Che Cole - Government Magic
- voicebreak -
Lord Echo- Makossa No 3 - Harmonies
Bei Bei Shawn Lee- Purple River - Year Of The Funky
nol Bykgnen- Deniz st Kprr feat Kardaslar - Uzelli Psychedelic Anadolu
Maharaja- Maro Jailo - Gypsy Caravan
- voicebreak -
The Police- SOS the Spy From Cairo Remix - SOS the Spy From Cairo Remix
Co Fee- La Burrita De Eliseo - Going Back To Cali Cut Chemists Colombian Crates
Bernard Ntone- Mussoliki - Pop Makossa The Invasive Dance Beat Of Cameroon 1976 1984
Eli Alex Wondergem- Sunday Morning - Buying Our Freedom EP
Oy- Market Place - No Problem Saloon Deluxe Version
- voicebreak -
Zona Norte- La Reyna De La Villa - La Reyna De La Villa Queen Of The Ghetto Ep
Barbara- Conquistador Del Carton - Chicas Vol 2 Spanish Female Singers 19631978
Dexter Story- Eastern Prayer feat Nia Andrews - Wondem
- voicebreak -
Yousuke Nakano- Strange Party - Joint Statement


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/81/playlistDate/2017-07-01
          Cameroon reporter Ahmed Abba given 10-year prison sentence        

Cameroon reporter Ahmed Abba given 10-year prison sentence
© rudall30 via [[www.123RF.com 123RF]]</span>Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is outraged by the 10 year prison sentence issued to Ahmed Abba, a Hausa-language reporter for Radio France Internationale, by Yaoundé military court in Cameroon.
Read more... | Send to a friend


          Internet shutdown lifted in Cameroon        

Internet shutdown lifted in Cameroon
© icetray via [[www.123RF.com 123RF]]</span>The African Freedom of Expression Exchange (AFEX) welcomes the restoration of internet connectivity in the northwest and southwest regions of Cameroon after 94 days of network shutdown.
Read more... | Send to a friend


          AU called on to intervene in Cameroon internet shutdown        

AU called on to intervene in Cameroon internet shutdown
© icetray via [[www.123RF.com 123RF]]</span>The African Freedom of Expression Exchange (AFEX), on April 13, 2017, petitioned the African Union (AU) Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information, Faith Pansy Tlakula, to intervene in the deteriorating freedom of expression and human rights situation in the two Anglophone regions of Cameroon.
Read more... | Send to a friend


          N’dam v. Murata rematch will be on October 22 in Japan        
On Thursday was made official the rematch between the World Boxing Association middleweight champion, Hassan N’Dam from Cameroon and the challenger Ryota Murata from Japan. They will step onto the ring on October 22 in the Ryogoku Kokugikan Arena, Tokyo, also known as the Sumo Hall.  The fighters already met once last May 20 in […]
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4001-A N. Main
Fort Worth, Texas 76106 USA
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TBK
MEDCO Building 2nd-3rd floor
Jl Ampera Raya No 20
Cilandak
Jakarta 12560 INDONESIA
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Jl. Jend. Sudirman
Balikpapan Permai Complex
Block L No 10-12
Balikpapan, East Kalimantan 76114
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Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-993-7082
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ARAB DRILLING & WORKOVER CO.
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Tripoli LIBYA
Phone: 218/21-4804855
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ARROW DRILLING, LLC
3817 NW Expressway, Ste 605
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ARTESIA FISHING TOOL CO INC
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18, Renasterii Bld. Chisinau
Republic of Moldova MD-2005
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Moscow 117049 RUSSIA
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PO Box 218350
Houston, Texas 77218-8350 USA
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Phone: 281-749-7800
Toll Free: 800-231-5924
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1015 N. Cruse Avenue
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1000/40-41, 11th Flr, P.B. Tower
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Abilene, Texas 79602-3099 USA
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1006 An Co Rd 2212
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P O Box 10460
Midland, Texas 79702 USA
400 West Illinois, Ste 800
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
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PO Box 10460
Midland, TX 79702 USA
406 N. Big Spring
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
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Fax: 432-620-5501
Charlie Swift, VP-Permian Division
Charley Gregg, Marketing
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
2417 Wilcox Drive
Norman, OK 73069 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Terry Yates, Manager-Mid
Continent Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 1519
Eastland, TX 76488 USA
14902 IH 20
Cisco, Texas 76437 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Tim Dame, VP-North Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
9674 Highway 149
Longview, TX 75603 USA
Phone: 903-643-1140
Fax: 903-643-7590
Marvin Hall, VP-ArkLaTex Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 846
Kingsville, TX 78364 USA
100 E Kleberg, Ste 324
Kingsville, Texas 78364 USA
Phone: 361-592-3200
Fax: 361-592-3297
Tom Best, VP-South Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 20478
Beaumont, TX 77720 USA
9045 Hwy 124
Beaumont, Texas 77720 USA
Phone: 409-842-6262
Fax: 409-842-1094
Morris B Windham, VP-Gulf Coast
Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
1490 West Canal Court, Ste 1000
Littleton, CO 80120 USA
Phone: 303-224-9700
Fax: 303-224-9710
Scott Kinnamon, VP-Rocky
Mountain Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 2783
Farmington, NM 87499-2783 USA
Phone: 505-634-0113
Fax: 505-634-0114
Jerry Tufly, Manager-Four Corners
Division
__________________________________________
BASIN DRILLING COMPANY L.L.C.
PO Box 277
Aberdeen, Mississippi 39730 USA
Phone: 662-369-0394
Fax: 662-369-0307
E-Mail: ccasindrlg@aol.com
____________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
12225 Greenville Ave Ste 950
Dallas, Texas 75243 USA
Phone: 972-889-2100
Fax: 972-889-2104
________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 717
Farmington, NM 87499 USA
5424 US Hwy 64
Farmington,NewMexico87401USA
Phone: 505-327-5218
Fax: 505-564-9185
E-Mail: bearcat@acrnet.com
__________________________________________
BIG 6 DRILLING COMPANY
7500 San Felipe Ste 250
Houston, Texas 77063 USA
Phone: 713-783-2300
Fax: 713-783-4463
E-Mail:
mdstone@big6drilling.com
Web: www.big6drilling.com
______________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING COMPANY,
LLC
PO Box 613
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
17525 US Hwy 34
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
Phone: 303-867-4736
Fax: 970-867-3714
E-Mail: hgreenwood@bigdogshark.
com
______________________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
110 N. Marienfeld Ste 200
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
___________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
1612 East Co Rd 115
Midland, TX 79706 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
__________________________________________
BIG E DRILLING CO Div of Eastham
Enterprises
4710 Bellaire Blvd Ste 350
Bellaire, Texas 77401 USA
Phone: 713-661-6890
Fax: 713-661-8106
E-Mail: lyle@bigedrilling.com
________________________________________
BIG THREE DRILLING INC.
225 Main
Russell, Kansas 67665 USA
Phone: 785-483-3404
E-Mail: smk@media-net.net
_________________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
3993 Hwy 90
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
Phone: 979-733-9688
Toll Free: (866) 897-3188
Fax: 979-733-9901
_______________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC.
515 N. Sam Houston Pkwy East
Suite 400
Houston, TX 77060 USA
Phone: 281-847-1691
Fax: 281-847-2691
___________________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
15600 San Pedro, Ste 204
San Antonio, Texas 78232 USA
Phone: 210-495-5577
Fax: 210-495-0075
_______________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
CATARINA FIELD OFFICE
19682 Hwy 83
Catarina, TX 78836 USA
Phone: 830-999-3400
Fax: 830-999-3404
____________________________________
BLUE RIBBON DRILLING, LLC
PO Box 279
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029-0279 USA
399258 W 1330 Dr
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029 USA
Phone: 918-534-2322
Fax: 918-534-2322
E-Mail: johnrountree@bratcooperating.
com
___________________________________________________
BMR DRILLING, INC.
501 West County Rd 109
Venus, Texas 76084 USA
Phone: 972-366-9933
Fax: 972-366-1649
_____________________________________________
BOLDON DRILLING
Colwick Industrial Estate
Colwick
Nottingham NG4 2BB ENGLAND
Phone: 44/115-9-611300
Fax: 44/115-9-617338
E-Mail: drill@bdf.co.uk
____________________________________________
BRENT BAKER DRILLING INC.
8005 S I-35 Ste 203
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73149
USA
Phone: 405-632-2982
Fax: 405-631-5612
________________________________________
BRONCO DRILLING CO. LLC
6601 South 29th
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73179
USA
Phone: 405-745-6060
Fax: 405-745-8096
E-Mail: shale@broncodrill.com
Web: www.broncodrill.com
________________________________________
BULGARGEOMIN LTD.
PO Box 600
Sofia 1000
3 Ogneboretz Str
Sofia 1619 BULGARIA
Phone: 359/2-9571466
Fax: 359/2-9571238
E-Mail: bgm@applet-bg.com
Web: www.bulgargeomin.com
____________________________________________
BURGAZ DRILLING COMPANY
Open Joint Stock Co. “Gazprom”
Prospekt Vemadskogo 41/1
Moscow 119991 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-7820943
Fax: 7/095-7820974
E-Mail:
burgaz@burgazgazprom.ru
__________________________________________
HORIZONTAL DRILLING CENTER
Orenburg RUSSIA
Phone: 7/3532-733509
Fax: 7/3532-733549
______________________________________________
CACTUS DRILLING COMPANY, LLC
PO Box 270848
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73137-
0848 USA
621 North Morgan Road
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73127
USA
Phone: 405-577-5347
Fax: 405-577-9306
E-Mail: ront@kfoc.net
___________________________________________
CANTEX DRILLING INC.
3953 W 42nd St
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-385-1744
Fax: 432-385-1745
_______________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, LP
PO Box 13678
Odessa, Texas 79768 USA
8901 N. County Road West
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-366-0161
Toll Free: 800-442-5224
Fax: 432-366-2433
E-Mail:
mike.roghair@oilstates.com
___________________________________________
________________________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, INC.
1432 Prairie Lane
Wooster, OH 44691 USA
Phone: 330-264-2206
Fax: 330-263-2134
_________________________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LTD.
Vishechnaya St, 3
North Wharf
Baku 370009 AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-974612
Fax: 994/12-974610
E-Mail: dave.walls@gsfdrill.com;
shaig.bakirov@gsfdrill.com
__________________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 17805
Denver, Colorado 80217 USA
1801 Broadway Ste 360
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-292-1206
Fax: 303-292-5843
E-Mail: cazamail@cazadrilling.com
_______________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 846
Williston, ND 58801 USA
Phone: 701-572-0131
Fax: 701-572-0447
____________________________________
CAZA DRILLING (CALIFORNIA)
INC.
7001 Charity Avenue
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0111
Toll Free: 800-443-5925
Fax: 661-589-0283
______________________________________
ENSIGN RESOURCE SERVICE
GROUP INC
400 5th Ave SW, Ste 900
Calgary, Alberta, AB T2P 0L6
CANADA
Phone: 403-262-1361
Fax: 403-265-7673
____________________________________
CDX-DART DRILLING &
TECHNOLOGY, LLC
5485 Beltline Road Ste 330
Dallas, Texas 75254 USA
Phone: 972-692-1400
Fax: 972-692-1401
E-Mail: steve.johnson@cdxdart.
com
Web: www.cdxgas.com
________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
BRISBANE (WACOL) OFFICE
49 Campbell St
Wacol, Queensland 4076
AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/7-38793333
Fax: 61/7-38793322
E-Mail:
info@centurydrilling.com.au
Web:
www.downergroup.com.au
_________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
INDONESIAN OFFICE
Jl Gaharu 1, #15
Cilandek Barat, Jakarta
Selatan 12430 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-7591 0650
Fax: 62/21-766 1308
E-Mail: cendril@indosat.net.id
___________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING & ENERGY
SERVICES (NZ) LIMITED
166 Karetoto Rd
Wairakei NEW ZEALAND
Phone: 64/7-3748899
Fax: 64/7-3748508
E-Mail: cdes@centurydrilling.co.nz
_______________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD HEADQUARTERS
Gastelun 367 P O Box 92
Eschen 9492 LIECHTENSTEIN
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
___________________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD
Challenger Bldg
1 El-Moshier Ahmed Ismail St
Heliopolis Cairo 11361 EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-2682810
Fax: 20/2-2676122
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
__________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
3728 W Jones Ave
Garden City, Kansas 67846-9762 USA
Phone: 620-277-2062
Fax: 620-277-2094
E-Mail:
wvalentine@cheyennedrilling.com
Web: www.cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
PO Box 1085
Woodward, OK 73802 USA
Phone: 580-256-7226
Fax: 580-256-5665
E-Mail:
balexander@cheyennedrilling.com
___________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
500 Main, Suite 1110
Ft. Worth, TX 76102 USA
Phone: 817-332-1212
Fax: 817-332-1213
E-Mail:
ajjacques@cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________________
CHINA OILFIELD SERVICES LTD
PO Box 232
Beijing 101149
College Street, Yanjiao
East Beijing 101149 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-8452 2134
Fax: 86/10-84522133
___________________________________
CHINA FRANCE BOHAI
GEOSERVICES COMPANY LTD
PO Box 548
Tanggu
Tianjin 300452 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/22-66916447
Fax: 86/22-25311647
_____________________________
COASTAL DRILLING COMPANY,
L.L.C.
311 Saratoga Blvd
Corpus Christi, Texas 78417-3506
USA
Phone: 361-852-6195
Fax: 361-852-6676
E-Mail:
chris@coastaldrilling.com
______________________________
Monagas 6201 VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291 6430460
Fax: 58/291 6434205
E-Mail: comanpa@telcel.net.ve
Web: www.comanpa.com
_________________________________
CROSCO INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES CO. LTD.
Naftni servisi, d.o.o.
Ulica Grada Vukovara 18
Zagreb HR - 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385/1-3652 333
Fax: 385/1-3096 448
E-Mail: marketing@crosco.hr
_____________________________________
SEA HORSE SHIPPING INC.
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
NORDIC SHIPPING LTD
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED
Canada Court, Upland Road
St. Peter Port
Islands of Guernsey UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 1/780-988-2283
_________________________________
CROSCO DRILLING & WELL
SERVICES (UK) LIMITED
10 Orange Street
London UNITED KINGDOM
MIDEAST INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES COMPANY LLC
(MIDWESCO)
P O Box 2670
Postal Code 112
Ruwi OMAN
Phone: 968/245 91493
Fax: 968/245 94732
E-Mail: crosco@omantel.net.om
__________________________________
NOBLE CROSCO DRILLING LTD
PO Box 20585
Doha QATAR
Phone: 97/4-4352-004
Fax: 97/4-4352-263
E-Mail: FStricko@noblecorp.com
_________________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
PODJETJE ZA NAFTNE SERVISE
D.O.O.
Rudarska ulica 1
Lendava 9220 SLOVENIA
Marijan Preglej, Director
CORTECROS
Nova ves 57
Republika Hrvatska
Zagreb 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385-1-4667383
Fax: 385-1-4667382
E-Mail: info@cortecros.hr
______________________________
CROWN DBL, INC.
PO Box 51433
Lafayette, Louisiana 70505 USA
1026 O’Noal Drive
Breaux Bridge, Louisiana 70517
USA
Phone: 337-332-8563
Fax: 337-332-8598
E-Mail:
dblquest@worldnet.att.net
________________________________
CYCLONE DRILLING INC.
PO Box 908
Gillette, Wyoming 82717-0908 USA
Phone: 307-682-4161
Fax: 307-682-3158
E-Mail: cyclonedrilling.com
__________________________________

DALMA ENERGY, LLC
PO Box 46226
Abu Dhabi UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
Phone: 971/2-671-5544
Fax: 971/2-671-5505
E-Mail:
dalmaen@emirates.net.ae
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY & CO., LLC
P.O. Box 739, Mina Al Fahal
P.C. 116 OMAN
Phone: 968/24636-400, 24636
Fax: 968/24636-415
E-Mail:
dalmaenergy@dalmaenergy.com
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
Almana Towers
PO Box No. 491
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/462-1897
Fax: 974/462-2084
E-Mail: qatar@dalmaenergy.com
___________________________________
RAWABI DALMA CO. LTD
PO Box 79707
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8939557
Fax: 966/3-8939585
E-Mail:
rawabidalma@dalmaenergy.com
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
_______________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
301-302 Anand Complex
2-Anand Nagar Society
Near New India Mill, Jetalpur Rd
Baroda 390 005 INDIA
Phone: 91/265-2320246
Fax: 91/265-2320252
E-Mail:
baroda@dalmaenergy.com
_____________________________________
DELTA ENGINEERING COMPANY,
LTD
PO Box 16113
62—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-676601/2/3
Fax: 967/1-676412
E-Mail: deltagrpye@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
DEWANCHAND RAMSARAN
INDUSTRIES (P) LTD. (OIL & GAS
DIVISION)
7-8, Trade Worl, B-Wing, 1st Floor
“Kamala City”, Senapati Bapat
Marg.
Lower Parel (W)
Mumbai 400 013 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-494 0977
Fax: 91/22-498 5432
E-Mail: dnipl@vsn1.com
_____________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
PO Box 4558
Houston, Texas 77210-4558 USA
15415 Katy Fwy Ste 100
Houston, Texas 77094 USA
Phone: 281-492-5300
Fax: 281-492-5316
Web:
www.diamondoffshore.com
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
111 Veterans Blvd Ste 1030
Metairie, LA 70005 USA
Phone: 504-834-9040
Fax: 504-834-0332
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
(U.K.) LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate
Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-727500
Fax: 44/1224-772321
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
6501 Freetown Rd
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-365-5180
Fax: 337-365-0557
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE GENERAL
COMPANY
Unit 2, 5 Turner Avenue
Bently, Perth WA 6102 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61-8-6363-8900
Fax: 61-8-6363-8999
______________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE
NETHERLANDS B.V.
Koninginnegracht 60
Den Haag 2514 AE THE
NETHERLANDS
Phone: 31/70-311-7890
Fax: 31/70-311-7899
_____________________________________
BRASDRIL SOCIEDADE DE
PERFURACOES, LTDA.
Rua Tenente Celio, 185
Novo Cavaleiros
Macae RJ CEP 27930-120 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/22-2791-8200
Fax: 55/22-2773-4115
____________________________________
MEXDRILL OFFSHORE S. DE R.L.
DE C.V.
Ave. Central por 1 Sur Manz J
Lote 1, Puerto Isla del Carmen
C.P. 24140, Ciudad del Carmen
Campeche MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-381-4121
Fax: 52/938-381-3772
________________________________________
DISCOVERY DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 763
Hays, Kansas 67601-0763 USA
3505 Fairway Dr
Hays, Kansas 67601 USA
Phone: 785-623-2920
Fax: 785-623-4156
E-Mail:
discoverydrilling@eaglecom.net
________________________________________
DLS ARGENTINA LIMITED
Sarmiento 663 - Piso 4
Buenos Aires C1041AAM
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-5129-2900
Fax: 54/11-5129-2949
E-Mail: info@dlsargentina.
com.ar
Web: www.dls-argentina.com.ar
___________________________________
DOLPHIN DRILLING LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate, Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-411411
Fax: 44/1224-723267
______________________________
DOLPHIN WELL SERVICE
Platformveien 5
P O Box 63
Tanager N-4098 NORWAY
Phone: 47/51-694300
Fax: 47/51-696156
________________________________
DOYON DRILLING INC
101 West Benson Blvd Ste 503
Anchorage, Alaska 99503 USA
Web: www.doyondrilling.com
_________________________________
DRILLFOR S.A.
Av. Amazonas 1047 y Naciones
Unidas
Edificio La Previsora Torre
A-Piso 6-Oficina 601
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593/2 227 0990
Fax: 593/2 227 0853
E-Mail: drillfor@drillfor.com
________________________________
DRILLFOR BASE CAMP
Km 6 Via a Lago Agrio
El Coca ECUADOR
Fax: 593/6 880 982
__________________________________
DRILLING COMPANY ALLIANCE
PO Box 20
Usinsk
Komi Republic 169710 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/82144-41196
Fax: 7/82144-41510
E-Mail: sserver99@online.ru
Web: www.alliancedc.com
_______________________________
DRILLING RISK MANAGEMENT,
INC.
116 E Anglin St
Uvalde, Texas 78801 USA
Phone: 830-278-4567
Fax: 830-278-5255
E-Mail: DRMI@hilconet.com
________________________________
DRILLTEC GUT GMBH
In don Teichen 2
Jona D-07751 GERMANY
Phone: 49/7243-76890
Fax: 49/7243-768941
E-Mail: info@drilltec.de
________________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
100 S Main Ste 410
Wichita, Kansas 67202-3737 USA
Phone: 316-267-1331
Fax: 316-267-5180
E-Mail: ddcisrb@aol.com
______________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 823
Great Bend, KS 67530 USA
Phone: 620-793-8366
Fax: 620-793-8743
620 Hubbard
Great Bend, Kansas 67530 USA
_________________________________
E & D SERVICES INC.
2300 Hwy 11 North
Laurel, Mississippi 39440 USA
Phone: 601-649-9044
Fax: 601-649-3139
E-Mail: asumrall28@yahoo.com
____________________________________
E & H DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 1058
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Newcastle Hwy
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Phone: 940-549-0370
Fax: 940-549-8191
E-Mail: rho@wf.net
____________________________________________
EAGLE DRILLING LLC
1108 Rambling Oaks Dr
Norman, Oklahoma 73072 USA
Phone: 405-364-1613
Fax: 405-447-9351
____________________________________
EAGLE ROCK DRILLING, L.L.C.
1113 Dayton Rd
Midland, Texas 79706 USA
Phone: 432-682-3030
Toll Free: (866) 867-3745
Fax: 432-682-1212
E-Mail:
dtally@eaglerockdrilling.com
_____________________________
EDDE DRILLING CO
P O Box 4966
Victoria, Texas 77903 USA
2607 E Rio Grande St
Victoria, Texas 77901 USA
Phone: 361-572-4884
Fax: 361-578-6376
E-Mail: troy@tuckerop.com
_____________________________
EGYPTIAN DRILLING CO.
PO Box 8071
Nasr City Housing
Cairo 11371 EGYPT
Km. 17.5 Cairo/Suez Road
64—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-4176701
Fax: 20/2-4176731
E-Mail: management@egyptiandrilling.
com
________________________________________
EDC SYRIA BRANCH
Mazza Sharkia - Al Farabi St.
Yassin Al Safadi
Building No. 77, 1st Floor
Damascus SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6110459
Fax: 963/11-6131085
Yehia A Aal, General Manager
_______________________________
DRILLING & PETROLEUM
SERVICES CO
PO Box 2589
Al Khobar 31932 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8825089
Fax: 966/3-8825164
E-Mail: mashraf@dps.com.sa
________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2440
Casper, Wyoming 82602 USA
1910 N Loop Ave
Casper, Wyoming 82601 USA
Phone: 307-235-8609
Fax: 307-577-7227
E-Mail: nich@drilloilandgas.com
____________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 3213
Billings, MT 59103 USA
Phone: 406-245-3511
Fax: 406-252-7682
______________________________________
ENAFOR COMPANY
BP 211
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/29 737595
Fax: 213/29 738026
E-Mail: enafor@wissal.dz
Web: enafor.net
_____________________________
ENERGY DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 905
Natchez, Mississippi 39121 USA
Phone: 601-446-5259
Fax: 601-446-8607
________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
INCORPORATED
500 N. Akard Street, Ste 4300
Dallas, Texas 75201 USA
Phone: 214-397-3000
Toll Free: 800-423-8006
Fax: 214-397-3379
Web: www.enscous.com
____________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
620 Moulin Road
Broussard, LA 70518 USA
Phone: 337-837-8500
Toll Free: 800-322-8217
Fax: 337-837-8501
__________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
11200 Richmond Avenue, Suite
490
Houston, TX 77082 USA
Phone: 281-920-6440
Fax: 281-920-6441
____________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING (CARIBBEAN)
INC.
Edificio Ensco
Muelle Terminales Maracaibo
Las Morochas, Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-631-2287
Fax: 58/265-631-1435
______________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
OFFSHORE COMPANY
The Hamma Galleries Bldg, 3rd
Floor
One Lane Hill, East Broadway
Hamilton
Bermuda HM 19 WEST INDIES
Phone: 441-278-0800
Fax: 441-292-9188
______________________________
ENSCO CORONADO LIMITED
91-93 St. Vincent Street
1st Floor Algico Plaza
Port of Spain TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Phone: 868-623-0525
Fax: 868-624-9137
________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING COMPANY
NIGERA LTD.
c/o Speciality Drilling Fluids
Plot 184c Trans Amadi Industrial
Layout
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234-8423-1322
Fax: 234-8423-5915
_________________________________
ENSCO HOUSE
Badentoy Avenue
Badentoy Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 4YB SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-780400
Fax: 44/1224-780444
___________________________________
ENSCO NETHERLANDS LTD.
c/o DONG
Agern Alle 24-26, Building 5
Hoersholm DK 2970 DENMARK
Phone: 45/4517-0776
Fax: 45/4517-0836
_____________________________
ENSCO OCEANICS
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Al Moosa Tower 2, Ste 2601
Sheikh Zayed Rd
PO Box 72453
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-403-7300
Fax: 971/4-403-7305
_________________________________
ENSCO ASIA PACIFIC PTE.
LIMITED
300 Beach Rd #10-01/03
The Concourse
Singapore 19955 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6394-3100
Fax: 65/6394-3105
____________________________________
ENSCO AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED
Level 4, 66 King’s Park Road
West Perth, WA 6005 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/8-9211-3388
Fax: 61/8-9211-3390
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Lot 4600, Simpang 4
Jalan Pandan Lima (Off Jalan
Maulana)
Kuala Belait KA 1931
Brunei Darussalam MALAYSIA
Phone: 673-333-0080
Fax: 673-333-2710
_______________________________
ENSCO GERUDI (M) SDN BHD
5th Floor, Bangunan Angakasa
Raya
Jalan Ampang
Kuala Lumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-2148-4909
Fax: 60/3-2148-3909
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
3rd Floor, QFl (Qatar General
Insurance)
Bldg. Al Asmakh Street, PO Box
22895
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/441-7075
Fax: 974/442-6780
___________________________________
ENSCO MARITIME LIMITED
Unit No. 601, 6th Floor
Centre Point, Andheri Kurla Rd
J. B. Nagar, Andheri East
Mumbai 400 059 INDIA
Phone: 91-22-564-95454
Fax: 91-22-564-90596
__________________________________
ENSCO HOLLAND B.V.
8th Floor, BRI Building
Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 37
Balikpapan 76112
East Kalimantan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/542-736791
Fax: 62/542-736751
_______________________________
ENTREPRISE NATIONALE DES
TRAVAUX AUX PUITS
BP 206/207
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/9738850
Fax: 213/9732097
__________________________________
ENVIROSAFE DRILLING LP
1614 C. Nantucket Drive
Houston, Texas 77057 USA
Phone: 713-818-3919
Fax: 713-784-0805
E-Mail: rsage@houston.rr.com
_________________________________
EVERTSON INTERNATIONAL
VENEZUELA
Ave. Marino, Via La Guarapera
Edi Evertson, El Tigrito,
Edo. Anzoategui
Phone: 58/283-2554744
Fax: 58/283-2554722
E-Mail: jims@evertson.com
Web: www.evertson.com
__________________________________
EXCELL SERVICES, INC
36629 Hwy 385
P O Box 305
Wray, Colorado 80758 USA
Phone: 970-332-3156
Fax: 970-332-5821
E-Mail:
eandrews@jwoperatiog.com
Web: www.jwoperating.com
_________________________________
EXPLORATION OIL & GAS JASLO
LTD. NAFTGAZ BRANCH IN
WOLOMIN
ul Lukasiewicza 11
Wolomin 05-200 POLAND
Phone: 48/22-7873704
Fax: 48/22-7762340
E-Mail: naftgaz@naftgaz.com.pl
____________________________________
FAITH DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 1378
Seminole, Texas 79360-1378 USA
902 S.W. Ave C
Seminole, Texas 79360 USA
Phone: 432-758-2552
Phone: 432-758-6352
Fax: 432-758-2552
_______________________________
FELDERHOFF BROTHERS
DRILLING
PO Box 1299
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
4337 E Hwy 82
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
Phone: 940-665-3592
Fax: 940-613-4065
E-Mail: Feld@bsicompanies.com
Web: www.bsicompanies.com
___________________________________
1ST DRILLING COMPANY OF
ZHONGYUAN PETROLEUM
EXPLORATION BUREAU
Mazhuangqiao Town
Qingfeng County
Henan Province 457331 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/393-4807196
Fax: 86/393-4800734
_______________________________
Bucharest ROMANIA
Phone: 40/21-224-0538
Fax: 40/21-224-0538
E-Mail: office@foradex.ro
Web: www.foradex.ro
____________________________
FORADEX SA
14, Rue 7051, Cite Essalem
El-Menzah IV
1082 Tunis TUNISIA
Phone: 216/71-230005
Fax: 216/71-230005
_________________________________
FORADEX SA
Lukind House 1st Fl
Cha Cha Cha Road
PO Box 31911
Lusaka ZAMBIA
Phone: 260/1-223723
Fax: 260/1-223723
_____________________________
FORADEX SA
PO Box 4105
Benghazi LIBYA
Phone: 218/61-2222809
Fax: 218/61-2222809
_____________________________
FORESIGHT LTD.
Foresight House
6 Elder Street
London E1 6BT UNITED KINGDOM
Phone: 44/207-3775755
Fax: 44/207-2472700
E-Mail: fk.)@fs-g.com
________________________________
Mumbai 400 055 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-6155132
Fax: 91/22-6155133
E-Mail: asm@bom5.vsnl.net.in
___________________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD.
PO Box 41164
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail:
foresight@emirates.net.ae
_____________________________
FOSERCO SA
2 Avram Iancu Street
TG. OCNA 5467 ROMANIA
Phone: 40/234-344035,344036
Fax: 40/234-344395
E-Mail: foserco@mic.ro
_________________________________
FRIGSTAD OFFSHORE PTE. LTD.
2 Mistri Rd
#11-00 HMC Bldg
Singapore 079624 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6223-1277
Fax: 65/6223-3906
E-Mail: fo@frigstad.com.sg
Web: www.frigstad.com
______________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING I, LP
PO Box 1116
Luling, Texas 78648 USA
Phone: 830-875-3774
Fax: 830-875-2484
E-Mail:
rthomas@frontierdrilling.com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING ASA
PO Box 6076
Postterminalen
Bergen 5892 NORWAY
Statsminister Michelsensveg 38
Paradis
Bergen 5231 NORWAY
Phone: 47/55-922820
Fax: 47/55-922830
E-Mail: post@frontier-drill.com
Web: www.frontier-drill.com
________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING (ASIA) PTE.
LTD.
491 B River Valley Rd
#14-01 Valley Point
Singapore 248373 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6887 0440
Fax: 65/6887 0444
E-Mail: singapore@frontierdrill.
com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING do BRAZIL
LTDA
Edificio Leberty Center - Sala 901
Avenida Nossa Senhora da Penha
#387
Praia da Canto
Vitoria ES 29055-131 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/27 3334 8600
Fax: 55/27 3334 8610
________________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Drawer 330
Cedar Bluff, Virginia 24624 USA
Phone: 540-964-2696
Fax: 540-963-0487
_____________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Box 527
Cedar Bluff, VA 24609 USA
Jerry E Ratliff, Sec
_________________________
GEM DRILLING CO.
PO Box 65
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
500 Adams Rd
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
Phone: 325-773-3654
Fax: 325-773-3655
__________________________
GEORGE N. MITCHELL DRILLING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 550
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
1239 County Rd 1500N
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
Phone: 618-382-2343
Fax: 618-384-2435
E-Mail: nrgy@mitchelldrilling.
com
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORPORATION
PO Box 4577
Houston, Texas 77210-4577 USA
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, Texas 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-6000
Toll Free: (800) 231-5754
Fax: 281-925-6010
E-Mail:
firstname.lastname@gsfdrill.co
m
Web: www.gsfdrill.com
______________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
Vishechnaya Street #3
North Wharf
Baku AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-497-4612
Fax: 994/12-497-4610
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
B.P. 5893
c/o Saga Logistics Base
Douala CAMEROON
Phone: 237/343-8713
Fax: 237/343-4979
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
COMPANY (CANADA) LTD.
36 Brookshire Court Ste 13
Bedford, NS B4A 4E9 CANADA
Phone: 902-832-9460
Fax: 902-832-9480
Kevin Knott
Victor Dias
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL (CANADA)
DRILLING COMPANY
Baine Johnston Centre, Ste 400
10 Fort William Place
St John’s
Newfoundland A1C 1K4 CANADA
Phone: 709-724-6600
Fax: 709-724-6610
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORP
Kilometer No. 11
Kattameya-Ein Soukhna Desert Rd
PO Box 341
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 202-757-5681
Fax: 202-757-5669
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
Parque de las Avenidas de Africa
Carracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: 240-0-96-968
Fax: 240-0-94-091
____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
Boite Postale 556
Port Gentil GABON
Phone: 241/552040
Fax: 241/560458
____________________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Jalan, Melawai 1X/2
PO Box 2351
Jakarta Selatan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-721-1700
Fax: 62/21-721-1714
_________________________________
PT SANTA FE-POMEROY
INDONESIA
Merak Petroleum Base
Jl. Pulorida, Merak
West Java INDONESIA
Phone: 62/254-571 408
Fax: 62/254-571 189
_______________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Gedung BRI, Lantai 5
Jin. Jend Sudiman No. 37
Balikpapan
Kalimantan 76112 INDONESIA
Phone: 62-542-426-396
Fax: 62-542-426-408
_____________________________
SAFEMAL DRILLING SDN. BHD.
9th Floor, Angkasa Raya Building
123 Jalan Ampang
Kuala Laumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Contractor Listings 2005 IADC Membership Directory—69
Phone: 603-2050-2100
Fax: 603-2050-2122
_____________________________________
GLOBAL OFFSHORE DRILLING
LIMITED
Kilometer 14 Aba Expressway
PO Box 7086
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234/84-231356
Fax: 234/84-231353
_______________________________________
SANTA FE CONSTRUCTION CO.
139 Corporate Center
10th Floor, Unit 1001
139 Valero Street, Salcedo Village
Makati City Manila PHILIPPINES
Phone: 632/830-2210
Fax: 632/818-8237
_______________________________
SANTA FE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
PO Box 4396
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/455-0797
Fax: 974/455-1298
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Letter Box 5096, Bldg 104, Sops
Ave.
Loyang Offshore Base
Loyang Crescent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6545 2679
Fax: 65/6545 6173
______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Unit 3004, 30th Floor, Suntowers
Bldg B, 123 Vibhavadi-Rangsit Rd
Khwaeng Ladyao, Khet Chatuchak
Bangkok 10900 THAILAND
Phone: 662-617-6170
Fax: 662-617-6171
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE SOUTH
AMERICA LLC
Maple House
3 Sweet Briar Road
St. Clair, Trinidad WEST INDIES
Phone: 868/622-6432
Fax: 868/622-6563
_______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Lothing Depot
North Quay
Lowestoft
Suffolk NR32 2TF UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1502-542-000
Fax: 44/1502-542-001
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Langlands House Huntley St
Aberdeen AB10 1SH SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-654400
Fax: 44/1224-654401
________________________________
RESOURCE RIG SUPPLY, INC.
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7300
Fax: 281-925-7399
__________________________________
APPLIED DRILLING TECHNOLOGY,
INC.
15375 Memorial Drive, Suite A200
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7100
Fax: 281-925-7199
________________________________________
ACCESS EXPLORATION
CORPORATION
1177 West Loop South, Ste 1450
Houston, TX 77027 USA
Phone: 713-621-2777
Fax: 713-621-2779
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
VENEZUELA, C.A.
Av. Nueva Esparta c/c/ Cerro Sur,
Centro
Bahia Pozvelos Torre b
Mezanina I, Oficina 20
Barcelona VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/281-262-4250
Fax: 58/281-267-9362
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC
02 Hoang Dieu Street
Vung Tau City VIETNAM
Phone: 84/64-852164
Fax: 84/64-852162
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ANGOLA
OFFICE
Malango Base
Cabinda ANGOLA
Phone: 925-842-1111
Fax: 832-463-6806 (V-sat)
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ARGENTINA
OFFICE
25 de Mayo 555, Piso 20
C1002ABK Buenos Aires
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54-11-4310-2470
Fax: 54-11-4310-2471
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE BRAZIL OFFICE
Estrada de Capuabe, 73
Santa Rita - Vila Velha - ES
CEP 29118-461 BRAZIL
Phone: 55-27-3239-8734
Fax: 55-27-3239-8734
_____________________________________
GOLDEN STATE DRILLING INC
3500 Fruitvale Ave
Bakersfield, California 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0730
Fax: 661-589-0147
E-Mail: bstevens@gsdrilling.com
________________________________
GOOBER DRILLING CORPORATION
PO Box 1432
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74076 USA
4905 S Perkins Rd
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074 USA
Phone: 405-743-2132
Fax: 405-743-0052
E-Mail:
mike.brown@gooberdrilling.com
_____________________________________

GREAT WALL DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
No. 6 Liupukang Street
Xicheng District
Beijing 100724 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-62095684
Fax: 86/10-62094976
____________________________________

GREEN GAS POWER LIMITED
16A Fore Street, Topsham
Exeter, Devon EX3 OHF UNITED
KINGDOM
Wolstanton Retail Park, Wolstanton
Newcastle-Under-Lyme
Staffordshire ST5 0EE UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1-395-223972
Fax: 44/1-395-227447
E-Mail: jg@greengaspower.com
___________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP
10370 Richmond Ave Ste 600
Houston, Texas 77042-4136 USA
Phone: 713-435-6100
Toll Free: (800) 553-7563
Fax: 713-435-6171
E-Mail:
trichards@greywolfdrilling.com
____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ARK-LA-TEX DIVISION
333 Texas St Ste 925
Shreveport, LA 71101 USA
Phone: 318-213-1100
Toll Free: 800-959-3003
Fax: 318-213-1155
_____________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ROCKY MOUNTAIN DISTRICT
2136 North Oil Dr
Casper, WY 82604 USA
Phone: 307-266-0700
Toll Free: (866) 522-0700
Fax: 307-266-0166
__________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP GULF COAST DIVISION
254 Stanford Rd
Eunice, LA 70535 USA
Phone: 337-457-0500
Toll Free: 888-457-4089
Fax: 337-457-0558
_____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP SOUTH TEXAS DIVISION
1907 E Main
Alice, TX 78332-4142 USA
Phone: 361-668-8364
Toll Free: 800-242-3280
Fax: 361-668-0823
_________________________________________

GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP WEST TEXAS DISTRICT
6 Desta Drive, Suite 3350
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-684-6828
Toll Free: (888) 864-6828
Fax: 915-684-6841
____________________________________
GUICHARD OPERATING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2000
Crowley, Louisiana 70527-2000
USA
849 Oddfellows Rd
Crowley, Louisiana 70526 USA
Phone: 337-783-5141
Toll Free: 800-738-4645
Fax: 337-783-5155
E-Mail: GuichardCo@aol.com
____________________________________
GULF DRILLING INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED (Q.S.C.)
PO Box 9072
Doha QATAR
7th Floor
HBK Tower, Musherib St
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/4378777
Fax: 974/4434788
E-Mail: gdi@gulfdrilling.net
___________________________________.
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
107 SE 3rd St
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
Phone: 812-254-5085
Fax: 812-254-4943
__________________________________________
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
RR #2 Box 255
Washington, IN 47501-1216 USA
Phone: 812-254-9168
Neal Newton, Prod Supt
_________________________________
H-40 DRILLING INC.
11828 W Central Ste 100
Wichita, Kansas 67212-5178 USA
Phone: 316-773-3640
Fax: 316-773-3740
_______________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD S.A
Torre Universal Ave Federico Boyd
Piso No 12 (Penthouse)
Panama 0816-02033 REPUBLIC OF
PANAMA
PO Box 41164
C/O Sharjah Shipping Co.
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail: foresite@emirates.net.ae
HAMAD AL-HAMAD & PARTNERS
COMPANY
PO Box 47143
Fahaheel 64022
Phone: 965/3261369,3261378
Fax: 965/3261348
E-Mail:
hamadalhamad@hhpco.com.kw
Web:
www.hamadalhamad@hhpco.co
m.kw
___________________________________
HEART LAND DRILLING, INC.
PO Box 3714
Abilene, Texas 79604 USA
Phone: 325-676-4621
Fax: 325-670-0325
E-Mail: hlpc@abilene.com
________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
1625 Broadway, Ste 1480
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-405-8450
Fax: 303-405-8451
E-Mail:
charlie@heartlandoilandgas.com
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
________________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
200 Burrard St, Ste 1925
Vancouver, B.C. V6C 3L6 CANADA
Phone: 604-693-0177
Fax: 604-638-3525
E-Mail:
rcoglon@heartlandoilandgas.co
m
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
1437 South Boulder Avenue
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74119 USA
Phone: 918-742-5531
Fax: 918-742-0237
______________________________________

INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 95969
Oklahoma City, OK 73143 USA
Phone: 405-677-8882
Fax: 405-670-2667
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 6173
Pearl, MS 39288-6173 USA
Phone: 601-939-1589
Fax: 601-939-9122
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 3909
Western Offshore District
Ventura, CA 93006 USA
Phone: 805-642-4656
Fax: 805-642-6024
_______________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 1700
Alice, TX 78333 USA
Phone: 361-664-0114
Fax: 361-664-8534
_______________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE (COLOMBIA)
DRILLING
Cra 9A No 99-02
Office 410
Bogota COLOMBIA
Phone: 57/1-6182399
Fax: 57/1-6182345
__________________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (ANACO)
Apartado 16 Carretera Negra KM
98
Final Ave dose Antonio Anzoategul
Anaco Edo Anzoategui
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4247754
Fax: 58/282-4247753
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (MATURIN)
Av. Alirio Ugarte Pelayo
(Al lado de Plasticor)
Maturin, Edo. Monagas
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291-641-9535
Fax: 58/291-643-1130
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (CD. OJEDA)
Carretera N, Entre Avenidas 42y 43
Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-641-2537
Fax: 58/265-641-1552
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DEL
ECUADOR INC.
Luis Cordero y Andalucia
Edificio “Cyede” Quinto Piso
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593-2-2555-372
Fax: 593-2-2555-512 X 102
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
16365 Park Ten Place, Ste 300
Houston, TX 77084 USA
Phone: 281-398-5457
Fax: 281-398-7960
_____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE BOLIVIA
S.A.
Calle 9 Oeste No. 73
Barrio Las Palmas
Santa Cruz BOLIVIA
Phone: 591/3-3531-741
Fax: 591/3-3536-784
_________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
106 Park Place, Ste 100
Covington, LA 70433 USA
Phone: 985-871-4071
Fax: 985-871-4072
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE (AFRICA)
DRILLING CO. EQUATORIAL
GUINEA
Avenida Parques de Africa
Caracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: Houston 713-431-9212
Fax: Houston 713-431-9216
_____________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE
(ARGENTINA) DRILLING CO.
San Martin #201, Piso 4, Oficina 12
Bis
Codigo Postal 1003
Buenos Aires ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-4326-3481
Fax: 54/11-4322-2005
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
341 East E St Ste 180
Casper, WY 82601 USA
Phone: 307-237-0056
Fax: 307-237-6756
___________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
Smolensk Passage, Smolensk
Square
The House 3 6th Floor, Office No.
628
Moscow 121099 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-937-8272
Fax: 7/095-937-8200
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 133228
Tyler, TX 75713 USA
Phone: 903-533-1340
Fax: 903-535-9238
__________________________________
HERCULES OFFSHORE, LLC
2929 Briarpark Drive, Ste 435
Houston, Texas 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-4176
Fax: 713-952-4342
____________________________________
HERCULES DRILLING COMPANY
2929 Briarpark Drive Ste 400
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-7977
Fax: 713-952-7990
________________________________
HERCULES LIFTBOAT COMPANY
5319 Port Road
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-560-8000
Fax: 337-374-3247
____________________________________
HTC INTERNATIONAL
PO Box No 1376
Corner of Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-269224
Fax: 967/1-269223
E-Mail: hashedi@y.net.ye
_______________________________
ICELAND DRILLING CO
Jardboranir hf
Skipholt 50 d
Reykjavik 105 ICELAND
Phone: 354/5113800
Fax: 354/5883801
E-Mail: sveinn@jardboranir.is
___________________________________
INLET DRILLING ALASKA INC
210 N Willow Street
Kenai, Alaska 99611 USA
Phone: 907-283-3567
Fax: 907-283-7065
E-Mail: inletdrl@ptialaska.net
__________________________________
IRAQ DRILLING COMPANY (IDC)
Ministry of Oil
Al-Nidal Street
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 1-914-360-3105
E-Mail: dr-alaboudi@web.de
__________________________
OIL EXPLORATION COMPANY
(OEC)
Ministry of Oil
Oil Exploration Company
PO Box 476
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 964/1-772-9802
Fax: 964/1-727-0388
E-Mail: oecman@uruklink.net
_________________________________
IROILRIGS INTERNATIONAL LTD
Suite 1301
1-7 Lyndhurst Terrace
Central
Hong Kong P R CHINA
Phone: 852-92380288
Fax: 852-25217979
E-Mail: robinson@iroilrigs.com
Web: www.iroilrigs.com
_______________________________
ITAG - TIEFBOHR GMBH &
COMPANY KG
Itagstrasse
Celle D-29221 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5141914-351
Fax: 49/5141-914-388
E-Mail: thor.noevig@itag-ce.de
Web: www.itag-celle.de
_________________________________
JAGSON INTERNATIONAL LTD.
2nd Floor
6 Pearey Lal Building
Janpath
New Delhi 110 001 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-3718059
Fax: 91/11-3324693
E-Mail: jil@nda.vsnl.net.in
_______________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
Nishi Azabu Annex 5th-7th Floor
3-20-16 Nishi Azabu, Minato-ku
Tokyo 106-0031 JAPAN
Phone: 81/3-5411-9870
Fax: 81/3-5411-9200
E-Mail: info@jdc.co.jp
Web: www.jdc.co.jp
JAPAN DRILLING (MALAYSIA)
SDN. BHD.
Box No 535 Lot 6.01
6th Fl Wisma Central
Jalan Ampang 50450
Kuala Lumpur MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-21668071
Fax: 60/3-21668070
E-Mail: hirishi@jdc.co.jp
___________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO., LTD. H-5
OPERATIONS OFFICE
C/O Perforadora Central, S.A.
DE.C.V.
Calle 24 No. 52 Altos-2. Col.
Centro C.P. 24100
Ciudad del Carmen MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-382-5964
Fax: 52/938-382-0577
E-Mail: yoichi.onoe@jdc.co.jp
_________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SAGADRIL, INC.
PO Box 17340
Jebel Ali, Room No. 604 of Lob-16
Building, in Jebel Ali Free Zone
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-8814945
Fax: 971/4-8814965
E-Mail: toshio.harada@jdc.co.jp
______________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SINGAPORE OFFICE
Loyang Offshore Supply Base
Box No 5056
Loyang Cresent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6543-1722
Fax: 65/6542-1765
E-Mail: freddy@jdcs.com.sg
_____________________________________
PT JAPAN DRILLING INDONESIA
19th Floor, Plaza Sentral JK
Jendral Sudirman Kav 47
Jakarta 12930 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-5746441
Fax: 62/21-5746386
_______________________________________
JET DRILLING PTE LTD
152 Beach Road
#09-01 Gateway East
Singapore 189721 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/392-0201
_____________________________
NORTHERN OFFSHORE LTD.
PO Box 1751 Vika
Oslo 0122 NORWAY
Phone: 47/2201-7500
Fax: 47/2201-7510
E-Mail:
management@northern.no
____________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
1207 Vikram Tower
16 Rajendra Place
New Delhi 110 008 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-2574-0419-0421
Fax: 91/11-2575-4604
E-Mail:
jindal@giasdl01.vsnl.net.in
Web: www.jindal.com
_________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
3rd Fl Keshva Bldg
Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra (East)
Mumbai 400 051 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-2659-2893-2894
Fax: 91/22-2654-2881
E-Mail:
neptune@bom5.vsnl.net.in
_____________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Registered Office:
220 G.I.D.C. Estate
Mehsana - Gujarat, 384 002 INDIA
Phone: 91/2762-254079
Fax: 91/2762-254822
E-Mail: john.adl@sancharnet.in
Web: www.johnenergy.com
_______________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED Corporate
Office
101, Shapath-III, Near GNFC Tower
S.G. Road
Bodakdov, Ahmedabad
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/79-26850132
Fax: 91/79-26850133
E-Mail: john@johnenergy.com,
hinduad1@sancharnet.in
________________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Durga Bhavan, Subhash Nagar
Chandkheda
Ahmedabad INDIA
Phone: 91/79-55228235
Fax: 91/79-55228235
_________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
5 Besant St, Santacruz West
Mumbai 400 054 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-26494581
Fax: 91/22-26052472
__________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
196 Narnarayan Bunglows
Behind MIPCO, Bolav Road
Bharuch
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/2642-246753
Fax: 91/2642-246753
__________________________________
JUSTISS OIL CO., INC.
PO Box 2990
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
1120 E Oak
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
Phone: 318-992-4111
Fax: 318-992-7201
E-Mail: justiss@justissoil.com
________________________________
JUSTISS DRILLING DE
VENEZUELA, S.A.
Base Ubicada en la Prolongacion
Avenida Miranda, Via Lechozal Km
3
Anaco
Estado Anzoategui VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4253555
Fax: 58/282-4253151
E-Mail: justiss@telcel.net.ve
___________________________________
JW DRILLING INC
PO Box 160
Artesia, New Mexico 88211 USA
5104 W Richardson
Artesia, New Mexico 88210 USA
Phone: 505-748-8704
Fax: 505-748-8719
_________________________________
KAL DRILLING COMPANY
11500 S Meridian
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73173
USA
Phone: 405-691-1202
Fax: 405-691-2377
E-Mail:
kaldrlg@oecadvantage.net
_______________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
No. 54 Zhongxing Road
Baijiantan District
Karamay, Xinjiang 834009 P R
CHINA
Phone: 86/990-6827312
Fax: 86/990-6920617
E-Mail: gizjgs-wyx@xjkdc.com
_______________________________
SINO-KAZAK GREAT WALL
DRILLING COMPANY, LTD.
56 Arkdanuwa St
Arkqubin City 463022
KAZAKHSTAN
Phone: 7/313-2967956
Fax: 7/313-2967953
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 234/8033580816
Fax: 234/53-321429
E-Mail:
songhykdc@yahoo.com.cn;
nrly70116@xjkdc.com
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
23 Road 286
New Maadi
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-5202256
Fax: 20/2-5202254
E-Mail: ajxmb@xjkdc.com;
mengqinggang@sina.com
___________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/416-6823790
Fax: 58/282-4251824
E-Mail: wnrlxmb@xjkdc.com;
xqg6926256@126.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 87/1-762662915
Fax: 87/1-762662916
E-Mail:
yongsheng8105@sina.com;
nrly7017@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC IRAN
Phone: 87/1-763222177
Fax: 87/1-763222179
E-Mail:
xj16@inmarsat.francetelecom.fr
________________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, OMAN
Phone: 968/6-93086
Fax: 968/6-93085
E-Mail: amxmb@xjkdc.com;
wanghu1974@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6120070
Fax: 963/11-6120070
E-Mail: xlyxmb@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GROUP
Minto Dr
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230400
E-Mail:
colleen.reid@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING UK
OFFICE
Minto Drive
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230401
E-Mail:
pam.vickers@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
___________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GERMANY
OFFICE
PO Box 1253
Bad Bentheim D-48443 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5922-72000
Fax: 49/5922-72105
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING INC USA
OFFICE
10777 Westheimer Ste 1111
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-243-6230
Fax: 713-243-6231
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
______________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING DUBAI
OFFICE
Jebel Ali
PO Box 17240
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/48816697
Fax: 971/48816940
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
_______________________________________-
KENAI DRILLING Corporate Office
PO Box 2248
Orcutt, California 93457-2248 USA
6430 Cat Canyon Rd
Santa Maria, California 93455 USA
Phone: 805-937-7871
Fax: 805-937-4768
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KENAI DRILLING Operations Office
2701 Patton Way
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-587-0117
Fax: 661-587-0116
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Corporate Headquarters
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, Texas 79705 USA
Phone: 432-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 432-620-0307
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Executive Offices
400 S River Rd
New Hope, PA 18938 USA
Phone: 215-862-7900
Toll Free: (800) 525-2147
Fax: 215-862-7901
___________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Permian Basin Drlg.
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 915-570-0465
_____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Four Corners Drlg.
PO Box 900
Farmington, NM 87401 USA
Phone: 505-327-4961
Fax: 505-327-4962
5651 US Hwy 64
Farmington, New Me
          Foreign Tigers: How did Malaysia fare under previous imported coaches?        
Bertalan Bicskei, Malaysia coach 2004-2005 Matches: 16 Win: 8 Losses: 7 Draws: 1 Win Ratio: 50% Loss Ratio: 43.75% Bicskei arrived in July 2004 and was tasked with seeing out three remaining World Cup qualifying matches – which ended in defeats to China, Hong Kong and Kuwait – and the 2004 AFF Championship, then known as the Tiger Cup. The Hungarian’s tenure began in promising fashion as Malaysia recorded a win against neighbouring Thailand in a friendly. He dropped several senior players such as Hairuddin Omar, Tengku Hazman Raja Hassan and Eddie Helmi Abdul Manan for the AFF tournament as the co-hosts used a largely inexperienced side rocked by the unavailability of poachers Akmal Rizal Rakhli and Nizaruddin Yusof. Malaysia finished a commendable third in the tournament with striker Khalid Jamlus scoring six goals, one short of tournament top-scorer Ilham Jaya Kesuma of runners-up Indonesia. His time came to an end just six months later, however, after he lost his cool in a friendly against Singapore in Georgetown in June 2005. Unhappy with the officiating, Bicskei threw a bottle onto the pitch before pushing a Singaporean player. He almost instantly was demoted to the Malaysia Under-23 squad and was subsequently sacked in September. He passed away in his hometown of Budapest on July 16, 2011.Allan Harris 2001-2004 Matches: 36 Win: 8 Losses: 19 Draws: 9 Win Ratio: 22.2% Loss Ratio: 52.7% The Englishman arrived in January 2001 with the reputation of being Terry Venables’ assistant at Barcelona and having had a successful spell with Al Ahly, but there were sceptics as he was without a team after leaving the Egyptian giants in 1995. Tangible success was virtually zero as Harris only oversaw eight wins in 36 international matches and experienced 19 defeats, but the Football Association of Malaysia (FAM) stood firmly behind their man, insisting he was developing a very young Malaysian side. His first major task was the 2002 World Cup qualifiers, where Malaysia had mixed results. It started off with a 5-1 mauling by Qatar before a 2-0 win over hosts Hong Kong followed by a loss to Palestine. Malaysia later held Qatar 0-0 in Doha, lost to Hong Kong 2-1 and defeated Palestine 4-3. Malaysia finished fourth at the 2002 AFF Championships despite comfortably defeating eventual winners Thailand 3-1 in the group stage. The Tigers were then unbeaten in the opening three 2004 Asian Cup qualifiers, managing a win against Myanmar and commendable draws with Iraq and Bahrain in Kuala Lumpur, but lost the following three games against the same countries in Manama. The end was near after Malaysia lost to Hong Kong, Kuwait and China in 2004 – with Harris suffering a sixth loss in seven matches. Yet he did manage to sign off on a winning note after a 2-0 victory over Singapore in his final international match. Harris also coached the Malaysia under-23 side to the SEA Games silver medal in 2001.Hatem Souisi 1998 Matches: 4 Win: 0 Losses: 2 Draws: 2 Win Ratio: 0 Loss Ratio: 50% Promoted to the hotseat after handling some Malaysian junior teams, Souissi only had a brief spell in charge of the senior team, taking charge of just four international ties. The Tunisian first arrived in 1995 ahead of the 1997 World Youth Cup in Kuala Lumpur. He later took charge of the 2000 Olympic squad and was tasked with leading a mixed team of seniors and juniors at the 1998 Tiger Cup. Losses to Singapore and Vietnam and a meagre 0-0 result with lowly Laos meant the end of the road. Souissi, however, stayed as under-23 coach right up until July 2009, where Malaysia came third in the Olympic qualifiers behind Japan and Hong Kong.Claude Le Roy 1994-1995 Matches: 11 Win: 2 Losses: 7 Draws: 2 Win Ratio: 18.2% Loss Ratio: 63.6% A success story in Africa and considered a legend there by many, Malaysia perhaps was a case of poor timing for the Frenchman. Le Roy arrived as senior team and under-23 boss just months before a nationwide bribery scandal was exposed and over 100 officials and players – including some of the generation’s best – were banned from the sport for life. Still, Malaysia had a good start under Le Roy at the 1994 Asian Games, defeating Hong Kong before suffering losses to Uzbekistan and Saudi Arabia. Failure at the Olympic qualifiers in July 1995, where his charges only collected one point from four matches, meant his future was uncertain. A group stage exit at the 1995 SEA Games then sealed his fate. Le Roy, who later said he felt he never had the FAM's full support, returned to Africa to lead Cameroon at the 1998 World Cup, 10 years after guiding the Indomitable Lions to the 1988 African Cup of Nations crown. Now 69, Le Roy is still in the dugout. He was appointed to the Togo national team in 2016 after stops that included Strasbourg, DR Congo, Ghana, Oman and Syria.Ken Worden 1992-93 Matches: 25 Win: 9 Losses: 9 Draws: 7 Win Ratio: 36% Loss Ratio: 36% Unlike his successors, Worden was no stranger to Malaysia when he was appointed Harimau Malaya coach in 1992. The Englishman had earned his ‘A’ coaching license in Malaysia under compatriot and then-FAM technical director Richard Bates and would coach Malaysian giants Selangor to the FA Cup in 1991. There were very few encouraging signs at the Asian Cup qualifiers as Malaysia were held by Singapore and Indonesia and lost 4-0 to China. The Tigers, however, bounced back at the Kemerdekaan Cup in Indonesia. Malaysia, who had defeated Australia 1-0 in the group stage, exacted revenge over South Korea with a 2-1 win in the final, two days after losing to them in a round-robin encounter. Malaysia had also defeated South Korea to win the Merdeka Tournament in February 1993. Despite a relatively good start to the 1994 World Cup qualifiers in Kuala Lumpur, with draws against Kuwait and Saudi Arabia and a thumping 9-0 win over Macau, the writing was on the wall for Worden after reports emerged of a fallout with coaching staff after a 3-0 loss to the Green Falcons in Riyadh in May 1993. Worden was accused of acting on his own without consulting his coaching staff and was questioned for not picking a certain Zainal Abidin Hassan in his team. Worden’s tenure ended the following month after Malaysia failed to progress beyond the group stages at the 1993 SEA Games, which was then a senior team tournament. He returned to Selangor and won back-to-back Malaysia Cup winners’ medal in 1995 and 1996 and then took it out once more in a further stint with the club in 2002. He also had spells with the Singapore national team, Sabah, Terengganu, Perak and SPA Putrajaya.
          Uproar over Internet shutdowns         
English

Nina Forgwe, who lives in Bamenda, in the northwest of Cameroon, missed the deadline to submit her doctoral application in March—one of many victims of an Internet shutdown in her town and in the other English-speaking parts of the country.

The Cameroonian government suspended services after Anglophone teachers, lawyers and students went on strike over alleged historical biases in favour of Francophones. The suspension started in January this year and ended in March, and at nearly one hundred days is the longest period of Internet disruption by an African government.


          Comment on Foreign Exchange Program Seeks Host Families by Jeannette        
Hello! I am Mrs Tchouanang Jeannette the mother of the student Kenneth Yann Micheal, born on 05/20/2002 in Yaoundé, in Cameroon and living in Cameroon. I am writing to you because i have visited your program on internet network and your help to find a family or place international students in host families in the United States. By the way my son has just been enrolled into a Haas Hall Academy to campus Springdale in Arkansas and my biggest wish will be that he can be taken into consideration by a host family. Kenneth does not present any allergies or physical or mental difficulty on the contrary he is a very intelligent student and is a very talented athlete. Please accept my request and help me with my son. Thank you. Mrs Tchouanang Jeannette
          Read Imbolo Mbue's 'Behold the Dreamers' With Us!         

For our latest Leonard Lopate Show Book Club, author Imbolo Mbue joins us to discuss her debut novel,  Behold the Dreamers. The novel follows Jende Jonga and his wife Neni who emigrate from Cameroon to New York City to create a better life for their family. Jende is thrilled about his job chauffeuring a senior executive at Lehman Brothers until their lives begin to unravel as the stock market crashes in 2008. The novel tells a nuanced and complicated story both of immigrant families trying to secure a future in America, and what happens when the people who seemingly have everything are on the brink of losing it. 

Imbolo Mbue will appear at Barnes & Noble Booksellers, Eastchester (Vernon Hills Shopping Center, 680 White Plains Post Road, Scarsdale) on Aug. 10 at 7 p.m. 

Jonathan Capehart guest hosted this segment of "The Leonard Lopate Show."


          7 Multi-Millionaires From Cameroon You Should Know        
Meet 7 Multi-Millionaires From Cameroon You Should Know
          Comment on Eliminating Lymphatic Filariasis in Cameroon by Samuel Wanji        
I am not sure that Cameroon was really endemic for LF as such. It would be better to say that Cameroon does not have LF than saying LF has been eliminated from Cameroon. the cross reactivity between ICT and L. loa was very misleading at the beginning of the programme. we have enough scientific evidence today to proof that the LF map of Cameroon was false because of the non differentiation between L .oa and LF by ICT. The Alere FTS worsening the situation in the L. loa endemic areas
          List of countries of Africa by Region        
The countries of Africa by region are as follows; Angola Cameroon Central African Republic Chad DR. Congo Equatorial Guinea Gabon Republic of Congo Sao Tome and Principe Burundi Comoros Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mozambique Rwanda seychelles Somalia South Sudan Tanzania Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe  Algeria Egypt Libya Morocco Sudan Tunisi Botswana Lesotho Maurtius NamibiaSouth ...
          African Cup of Nations 2015        
African Cup of Nations 2015 The BIGGEST Football Event in Africa is HERE. The 30th African Cup of Nations 2015 taking place in Equatorial Guinea this very Saturday the 17th of January – 08 February 2015. Almost a month of CRACKING and EXCITING African football. THE STADIUMS  Reigning Champions and Power house, Nigeria will be absent from the tournament and so is Egypt. Nonetheless, here are some interesting facts. – TP Mazembe and DR Congo goalie, Robert Muteba Kidiaba is the oldest player (somebody Hossam Hassan! lol ) at the Orange Africa Cup of Nations Equatorial Guinea 2015. The veteran will celebrate his 39th birthday on 1 February 2015. – Third-choice Cameroon goalie, Pierre Sylvain Abogo is the youngest player at the championship. The captain of the Cameroon U-17 team turns 17 on 27 January 2015. – Most youthful AFCON ever – Of the 368 players present in Equatorial Guinea for the African Cup of Nations, only 26 are over 30 years (as at 17 January 2015) and 21 are less than 20 years. In summary, 321 of the players present in Bata, Malabo, Ebibeyin and Mongomo are between 20 and 30 years old. Interesting right? ah yeah! Anyways, back [...]
          Comment on New call for climate projects by tamoifo Nkom Marie        
we are happy to have been part of this great initiative in Cameroon and we hope to continue the great collaboration. We really appreciate your efforts to bring hope to our communities and to help bring light to those not easy reachable communities who needs to leave like us and get the sesame called light.
          Lista de estados firmantes sobre cuestiones del derecho humanitario internacional        
Aquí está un vínculo que guía a una página en donde se encuentran todos los estados partes que firmaron distintos tratados sobre el derecho humano internacional. Pueden buscar el país que deseen y realizar interpelaciones relacionadas sobre los motivos de firmar o no firmar o sobre su demora en hacerlo. También sobre la problemática que implica este tema en su país

Estados Partes de la continuación del derecho internacional humanitario y otros tratados relacionados con el 17-Jun-2011





Follow leonidascon300 on TwitterCompartir en Facebook con mis amigosCompartirHAGA CLICK EN ETIQUETA Y VERÁ LAS ENTRADAS RELACIONADAS CON EL TEMA

          Commentaires sur Cameroun : « La CAF ne manœuvre pas pour retirer l’organisation de la CAN au Cameroun » selon le vice-président Contant Omari par Augustine Akama        
Cameroonians lack the understanding in diplomacy . when we say ( At this stage nothing is ready ) meaning nothing is been treated seriously . not only for the stadiums . but also to receive your visitors comfortably .
                  
hereitis
Into Africa

A new School in Cameroon, one of the C.V. Starr-Middlebury Schools Abroad, enables undergraduate students not only to take the Language Pledge and hone their French but also to gain insight into daily life in Africa. Ariane Ngabeu, the School's director, explains why the Francophone nation, sometimes called "Africa in miniature," makes for an eye-opening term abroad.

Read the article.

Candid Camera

Explore our YouTube channel and take in the sights and sounds of the Language Schools, including a range of performances such as German opera and capoeira. Don't forget to watch our fun compilation videos of students weighing in on all stages of the LS experience, from which must-have items they brought to campus to the strangeness of speaking English again afterwards.

What's Your Secret?

The days of "drill-and-kill" teaching are numbered. The groundbreaking language learning of today draws on everything from interactive technology to brain science. Michael Geisler, vice president for Language Schools, Schools Abroad, and graduate programs at Middlebury College, and other experts in the field talk about developing language strategies for the 21st century. Read the article from Pacific Standard, also featured on Salon.com.

Passage to India

Starting in the fall of 2013, the C.V. Starr-Middlebury School in Delhi will offer an immersive experience in Indian culture. Learn more about the program, its unusual language opportunities, and the benefits of the new location.

Blast from the Past

Take a peek into the history of the Language Schools with some fun pictures that we dug out of our archives. Rewind back to the language laboratory when it reopened in 1982 with cutting-edge technology. Read more.

Spread the Word

The Language Schools application form is live, and we don’t want anybody to miss out on the chance to gain fluency, work towards a master’s degree, or just learn a new language and culture. You are our best resource for spreading the word about our programs. If someone you know would like to spend their summer with the Language Schools, they can click here to learn more about applying. Pass it on!

Alumni Events

Language Schools alumni are welcome at regional Middlebury events in the U.S. and abroad. To make sure you are invited to events in your area, please update your e-mail address by clicking here. New York City alumni—stay tuned for information on the annual spring reception!

In Memoriam

We send along to alumni the sad news of the death of Ana Martínez-Lage, a gifted teacher and scholar of language pedagogy. Martínez-Lage taught at the Spanish School and was most recently a member of Middlebury's undergraduate Spanish and Portuguese department. She made every language class an adventure and developed innovative technology-based language learning strategies. Read more about Martínez-Lage and her legacy.


          The Protection of the Church        

An intensely moving AP story from Carnot, a city in the Central African Republic:

The Christian militiamen know hundreds of Muslims are hiding here on the grounds of the Catholic church â€¦ The priests here in Carnot have given away all their money to try and keep the anti-Balaka [Christian militia] at bay. There are no aid groups here apart from a clinic operated by Medecins Sans Frontieres, or Doctors Without Borders. The Catholic church, though, is pledging to continue its work here no matter what the personal risk. "For us they are not Muslims or Christians. They are people—people in danger," says the Rev. Dieu-Seni Bikowo.

This is what happens in many parts of the world. Even in the midst of religious war, religious institutions provide the moral strength to contain the violence. Faith in transcendent values counters sectarian hatred.

The struggle goes on within each religion:

Already the fighters known as the anti-Balaka have brought 40 liters (10 gallons) of gasoline and threatened to burn the church to the ground. Even the Rev. Justin Nary, who takes in more Muslims by the day, knows he too is a marked man in the eyes of anti-Balaka. "Walking through town I've had guns pointed in my face four times," he says. "They call my phone and say they'll kill me once the peacekeepers are gone."

The Rev. Bikowo rejects these fighters as representatives of his faith: "The anti-Balaka are not Christians.”

Within the protection of the church—and 30 Cameroonian peacekeepers—the Muslim refugees are free to pray:

On the grounds of the church, the men kneel on rice sacks pointed toward Mecca and whisper their prayers. [They] laugh when asked if they ever thought they would live at a church. However, they recognize the gravity of the situation that now faces them.” If it weren't for the church and the peacekeepers, we'd all be dead," says Mahmoud Laminou, who has been here for two weeks.

This is one reason why, despite the awful history of violence in God’s name, I don’t view religion as an enemy of progress. Religion is the form in which most people learn, express, and pursue their moral aspirations. It connects us to the idea of something higher and better in the world, in others, and in ourselves. You certainly don’t have to be religious to be a good person. But the social force that overcomes bad religion is, quite often, good religion.


          Running From Christmas         
Sunset on Acorn Drive
Nick deployed just a few months after we married. Plenty of older Air Force wives gave me "advice" about THE FIRST DEPLOYMENT, most of it terrifying. Like, "Every deployment gets a little easier." (Big fat lie, in case you were interested). And "You get used to them, and then you start to look forward to them. It's like the break from each other that all civilian husbands and wives secretly want!" Um, no thanks, I actually like my husband.

For our first holiday season away from our family, the theme of "every one gets a little easier" has been repeated. And more of this: You're a military wife, so get over it. Look at how much you have; you shouldn't complain about missing your mom. Think of all the people who just lost someone to cancer, or who had a traumatic childhood. Be grateful that you were married for NINE YEARS before missing a Thanksgiving or Christmas Day with your parents, siblings, and in-laws. At least your husband isn't fighting in the Middle East; he's here with you and your beautiful, healthy children.

And that was just what I said to myself.


Making the crust for Nick's birthday pumpkin pie
The month of December, normally jam-packed with parties, concerts, caroling sessions, shopping, etc. was completely empty. Well, unless you count unpacking as a holiday activity. Every morning, my Facebook feed delivered shot after shot of ugly Christmas sweaters, sparkling cocktails, cherubic wise men and plenty of family portraits. They weren't all perfect -- the sheep ran amok, mascara was smudged, babies got colds and parties were missed -- but they were filled to the brim with togetherness and traditions.Two things I was sorely missing all 31 days of a very lonely December.

I knew in my gut that I was and am incredibly, ridiculously blessed, even though I'm thousands and thousands of miles away from nearly everything and everyone I hold dear. When the feelings of insane jealousy and intense longing threatened to overtake me, I counted my blessings per Bing's advice. As I wrote about the orphan crisis, I reminded myself that it could be so much worse.

And yet I still just hurt.


Nick writing Christmas cards to the neighbors
I devoured every Christmas card that came our way -- the gorgeous family photos, the familiar handwriting, the newsy annual Christmas letters -- and tried to take my friend Jennifer's words to heart.

"May your first Christmas in your new home be another great first in your 'England Season,'" she wrote. "Don't forget you are in good company -- Mary & Joseph were away from home the first Christmas."

The thought she put into her words touched me. And yet the emptiness in my chest lingered.


Nick made sure "AMERICAN GREETINGS" were the first words our British neighbors saw upon opening their cards.
Though my cousin Tannith and her husband Jon graciously invited us over for Christmas dinner, they live almost four hours away, and Nick's work schedule just wouldn't allow for that much driving in one day. So I desperately hoped and prayed for a local to take pity on us.

No such luck.

So we had a quiet (take that word with a hefty grain of salt) Christmas day totally to ourselves. I wrapped everything, cooked and baked everything, planned everything and tried to hold it all together for my kids' sake. I think I failed when I simultaneously wanted to Skype with my family and hide in my closet. Oh wait, I don't have one.

My awesome husband let me go on a morning run in between present-opening and dinner. I plodded along, trying to lose myself in thought. As I passed a woman out on a walk, she looked at me in total disbelief. "What are you doing?" she yelled at me. "It's CHRISTMAS!" Translation: no sane person runs on Christmas, weird foreigner.
I wanted to yell back, "I can't help it; Nike and I were born in the same town!" But I just smiled and kept running. While thinking, "If these people don't get that running is a treat and not a chore, we're never going to understand each other."

Making toffee crisps with Chef Jude
I was just beginning to feel in control of my emotions again (thank you, God-given endorphins) when I passed by a house with a car full of arriving passengers, arms laden with presents. A grandma flung open a window, shouting, "Happy Christmas! Look at you! How you've grown!" while the grandpa ran out the front door, grabbing every grandchild in sight and covering them in kisses.

I kept running.

I came to another house -- same scene. Families arriving for Christmas dinner, happy screams, small children running around, a blazing Christmas tree in the front window.

I kept running. And ran by yet another family reunion in another yard!

My throat closed up, I could barely breathe, and I suddenly I felt exactly like Kevin in Home Alone when he sadly looks at a perfect family Christmas from the street, totally and completely alone.

Birthday kisses for Daddy! Don't mind the pants gap.
Nick's birthday was more of the same. He worked, I baked him a pie, we sang and ate and opened presents alone.

I vented to one of my best friends over Skype. "Just think of all the wonderful places you'll go!" I said in a sing-song voice. "Just think of all the wonderful people you'll meet! They think our life in the military is like a government-funded Dr. Seuss book!" Kori laughed as I dumped all my feelings in a pile at her virtual feet.

The great thing about feelings, however, is that they never last. Even as I cried out in prayer for a normal, happy holiday, I knew in my heart that I wouldn't always feel so depressed.

Fast forward to New Year's Eve, for which, of course, we still had no plans as of lunchtime. Thankfully, a local pastor and his wife invited us over for an international bonanza. The kids in tow, we joined a group of diverse people from England, Ireland, Canada, Cameroon, Nigeria, Romania, Ukraine, Sri Lanka and Brazil. We were the only Americans.

And a grand time was had by all. I met a Canadian who won me over with a casual compliment to my Ducks shirt. "Man, Mariota sure has had a tough November, eh?" My head snapped back with the mention of my football team's quarterback from half a world away. Oh, how I liked this stranger already.

His fellow Canucks dove into my peanut butter chocolate cookie bars, not knowing who had brought them. "Um," one said, "Dude, this tastes like home." Another chimed in, "I was just going to say that!" And my heart smiled.


We popped open "Awkward Family Photos," one of my and Nick's favorite board games. Old scoring sheets fell out, and my breath caught for just a moment. Scribbles from our friends in Salem filled the pages, and the DVD player in my head instantly flashed through Sunriver nights so full of laughter that we fell off our chairs.

I took a deep breath, filed away -- not erased -- the Salem echo and mentally pressed "record."

It's time for some new feelings, some new experiences and some new memories.

          Comment on Cameroon student nonprofit recycles plastic bottles into boats by mhalliday        
GVNG!!! that's awesome
          Awareness in St. George School in Madrid        
The month of February has hosted the final of the African Nations Cup, whose champion has been Ivory Coast. And how does this relate to St. George School of Madrid?  The story is as follows:  Tom Maclure, professor at Saint George School had the unusual idea of carrying out with his pupils a study about Africa y poverty, seen through football.   The students found out, like in the majority of the cases-luckily not in every case- the teams of the African champions are those with the biggest further development and economic power.

From there, they decided to invite Red Deporte in order to carry out several awareness activities on poverty, development and to show how sports can become a tool for the youth development. These high school students made in the previous days some interesting murals about sports in Africa, which, in addition, are a beautiful and colorful decorative element in the classrooms.  These youngsters also showed an excellent attitude and interest about the causes of poverty and the North-South inequality.   We interviewedTom Maclure to comment upon the activity.



How the students have welcomed the idea of studying our world through football in Africa?

To begin with, the boys especially were motivated by the idea of selecting and representing a country that was participating in the football tournament of Africa (AFCOM 2015). They wanted to ´own´ the big-name countries that were expected to do well in the competition, like Ivory Coast, Algeria, Ghana  and Cameroon, so that they would be seen as victorious within the class amongst their peers… boys hey!  However, the problem was that not all of the ´big names´ had qualified, like Egypt, Nigeria, and Angola, also, Morocco had withdrawn, so there were not so many ´big-names´ left to go around all the boys!   

Both the girls and boys got more interested when they had to find out how well-ranked their different countries were in terms of development statistics, another competitive element for them, and it started them all thinking about the purpose of our project: To consider and explore whether development levels might affect the success of a country in international sporting competition.  In the end though, it was the girls who sustained their interest better, because they were more motivated by the presentation aspects of the project - both visually and conclusively - and so how well or badly their country did on the football pitch, mattered not nearly so much to them! The boys, in contrast, were either loud or silent in class depending on their country´s results on the field!  

To which extent has been interesting and fun this experience to students and teachers?

I think greater interest in discovering and learning more about some of Africa´s countries was one major achievement. Also, recognizing and appreciating, that access to education and good health care, acknowledging democratic rights within society and having consideration to gender equality, are privileges that we take for granted here within Spain in comparison to Africa, was also acquired and considered by the students.  

Being able to explore and investigate geographical issues through a familiar medium like Football or the Fashion industry, or sporting events in general (eg. the Olympics/World Cups) enables students to relate better to the topic and to thus tap into their personal interest and self- motivation levels more easily.  Thinking about other cultures and other people ´s lifestyles in comparison to their own also helps them develop more empathy and a greater sensitivity in the future.  As a teacher, it´s fun to see your students self-motivation one another within a project group and enjoying geographical exploration, just because their own curiosity and desire to find out and produce more, stimulates them and spurs them on.  

What have you enjoyed or attracted your attention the most about this activity?

The students really enjoyed hearing about the difference in sports facilities and sporting opportunities in Zambiaduring Carlos's presentation.  They were surprised and quite 'shocked' to hear of the limited amount of sports equipment and sport and activity time that children find time for in their day, especially boys and girls who have to care for younger siblings.  The students loved seeing and touching the home-made footballs and seeing the photos of ´African-style' hockey equipment and African sports grounds.  I am sure it will motivate them to raise some funds for equipment at the ´City of Hope´.  They also appreciated learning more about the problems of Malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV, through Carlos´s PowerPoint and his own personal experiences and stories. It opened their eyes and they are now really enjoying researching and exploring the Sport and Cooperation Network and Conectandoafrica.org websites to investigate the microprojects! 




          The no-choice election        
I won’t be voting in this year’s election in Nigeria, the fifth since the return of civilian rule in 1999 following many years of the military. It’s partly my fault; partly the fault of the misnamed Independent National Electoral Commission (misnamed because the chair is appointed directly by the president, as he has repeatedly reminded us), which couldn’t find evidence of my 2011 registration despite the obscene amount spent on laptops.

But no matter; I wouldn’t vote if I could. Neither candidate – still less the parties they represent – will lead this country of embarrassing abundance to the Promised Land. Take the incumbent, Goodluck Jonathan of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), a Christian from the oil-producing Niger Delta in the south. To say that his performance has been abysmal is acknowledged even by his unsavoury handlers who ceaselessly attempt to counter the widespread notion that their boss is clueless – the adjective most used to describe him – thereby confirming the fact.

It is four years since Boko Haram launched its deadly campaign and yet it is only now that he has seen fit to address it, but only with the assistance of soldiers from neighbouring Chad and Cameroon (along with South African mercenaries), a humiliation for a country whose armed forces were once lauded by the UN for bringing peace to Liberia and Sierra Leone.

On the other hand, his opponent, Muhammadu Buhari of the opposition Alliance for Progressive Change, is a northern Moslem and former military dictator who thought nothing of executing three men with a retroactive decree, allowing for indefinite detention without charge or trial and having people whipped for not queuing at the bus stop. He is also believed by many in the south to be a Boko Haram sympathiser, having previously refused to condemn their murderous activities on the grounds that they were freedom fighters akin to the Niger Delta militants. Claiming now to be a born-again democrat, he has nevertheless insisted that he has no regrets for his past misdemeanours.

There is a perverse irony in the fact that a nation of 170 million people – the so-called ‘Giant of Africa’ – should be pulverized between two candidates who hardly represent the best on offer. Indeed, reading local and foreign reports one would hardly suspect that 10 other candidates are also vying for the top slot come polling day on 28 March. This is deliberate. The Constitution which berthed our recent experiment in democracy, the fourth such since independence from British colonial rule in 1960, ensures that only those with access to the oil money that is the raison d’être of Nigeria can hope to achieve high office. Buhari is no more or less ‘establishment’ than Jonathan. Both are merely tendencies within it, to use old-fashioned Marxist rhetoric.

The irony lies in the fact that these tendencies are now in open conflict for the spoils at a time when the value of this same oil is plummeting in the international marketplace. The point, at any rate, is that the outcome of this titanic battle can make little or no difference to ‘the masses’ – to use Nigerian parlance – who will continue to subsist on a dollar or day in a nation otherwise dubbed too rich to be poor. The fact that it doesn’t stop them from hoping, accounts in large part for the astonishing fact that a member of the reviled Hausa-Fulani aristocracy with unsavoury antecedents should be championed by Jonathan’s otherwise natural supporters, and tacitly acknowledged by Jonathan’s voluble wife, who is currently criss-crossing the country pleading that her husband be allowed a second term on the grounds that he has learned from his past mistakes.

The salient fact about the current elections is the complete absence of any coherent ideas from the two leading contenders about how they propose to ‘move the nation forward’ (as we also like to say). Instead, we are reduced to slanging matches over forged certificates – Did Buhari finish primary school? Did Jonathan get a doctorate in zoology? Salacious gossip – Was Buhari’s wife 10 years old when he married her? Is Jonathan’s wife old enough to be his mother? And plain drivel, with Mrs. Jonathan calling Buhari “as old as Jonathan’s father”, and Mrs. Buhari suggesting that all southern women who fetch up in Italy are prostitutes.

As I write, the smart money is on Buhari, an outcome which ‘the West’ would seem to favour – the Economist of London called him the ‘least awful’ option despite his questionable credentials (not just scholastic) at a time of paranoia against Islamic fundamentalism. But nobody wants to contemplate the disintegration that will surely be the result of another four years of Jonathan’s cluelessness.

© Adewale Maja-Pearce

(This piece first appeared in African Arguments, an online publication of the Royal African Society in the UK)

Adewale Maja-Pearce is the author of several books, including Loyalties
and Other Stories, In My Father's Country, How many miles to Babylon?, A
Mask Dancing, Who's Afraid of Wole Soyinka?, From Khaki to Agbada,
Remembering Ken Saro-Wiwa and Other Essays, A Peculiar Tragedy, and
Counting the Cost, as well as the 1998 and 1999 annual reports on human
rights violations in Nigeria. He also edited The Heinemann Book of African
Poetry in English, Wole Soyinka: An Appraisal, Christopher Okigbo:
Collected Poems, The New Gong Book of New Nigerian Short Stories,
and Dream Chasers. The House My Father Built, a memoir, was
published last year.

Click here to see Maja-Pearce's
amazon.com page: http://www.amazon.com/Adewale-Maja-Pearce/e/B001HPKIOU


          Africa goes to Washington        
    Tom: I can’t tell you how many times your father and I have discussed your future.
    Michael: You and my father discussed myfuture?
Tom: Yes, many times.
 Michael: But I’ve got my own plans for my future.
                                                                                                             The Godfather

Africa went to Washington last week and The Washington Post had a field day with the assembled delegates, or at least their consorts. Leading the pack was Mrs Biya – ‘The first lady of Cameroon and her hair have touched down in D.C.’ – which extolled the achievements of Madam’s ‘bouffant’, which was ‘a beauty school master’s thesis in contradictions,’ somehow managing to be ‘short andlong, rebellious yet elegant, unruly but controlled.’ Mauritania’s ‘chic’ Lady Tekber Mint Melainine Ould Ahmed managed to make ‘wearing aviators at night look cool.’ Not to be outdone was the Rwandan president’s daughter, who towered above everyone else and so could afford a more demure look. Sadly, our own Patience wasn’t in attendance, although this might have been just as well.
 
It seems that some serious discussions did occur in the course of the three days, things like encouraging ‘progress in key areas that Africans define as critical for the future of the continent,’ things like ‘expanding trade and investment ties,’ things like ‘engaging young African leaders, promoting inclusive sustainable development, expanding cooperation on peace and security, and gaining a better future for Africa’s next generation,’ in the words of the White House press release.
 
These are all doubtless laudable ambitions but not a few raised sceptical voices. One of them, Mukoma Wa Thiong’o, likened the event to ‘a father calling his children to discuss their futures,’ which some thought a cheap jibe. Another, Mo Ibrahim, the British-Sudanese businessman who offers an annual $5mn reward for African leaders who pass the sobriety test, i.e. leave office without falling or being pushed (but which, significantly, has not been awarded in the last two years). As he bluntly put it:
 
Everywhere in Africa there are Chinese businesspeople, there are Brazilian businesspeople. None of us went to Brazil or to Asia or to China to tell them, look, come and invest in Africa. They found out themselves and they come and invest. That’s how basic business people behave. Why do we need to come and inform these misinformed American businesses? You know, you guys invented Google. Use it please.

China, as everyone pointed out, was the great bugbear behind this sudden rush to do something about Africa, as indeed Obama confirmed in an interview with The Economist of London the previous week: ‘My advice to African leaders is to make sure that if, in fact, China is putting in roads and bridges, number one, that they're hiring African workers; number two, that the roads don't just lead from the mine to the port to Shanghai.’ The US, by contrast, doesn’t ‘simply want to extract minerals from the ground for our growth’ but to ‘build genuine partnerships that create jobs and opportunity for all our peoples and that unleash the next era of African growth.’ Not everyone was convinced. A sulking Zimbabwe, one of the three countries barred from dinner on account of its human rights record, understood the gathering to be ‘America pursuing its interests, afraid that China has made headway,’ according to a statement by that country’s information minister.
 
But there was also something about Obama needing to leave behind an African legacy, which seems to have become de rigueur for American presidents. Both his predecessors had staked their own claims, Clinton by negotiating the African Growth and Opportunity Act, George W. Bush by throwing money at HIV/AIDS (along with his country’s pharmaceutical industry), yet neither had their successor’s continental roots, and which Obama himself was now –belatedly - claiming: ‘I also stand before you as a man from Africa. The blood of Africa runs through our family.'
 
Unfortunately, the blood line didn’t extend beyond the distinguished guests. At the closing press conference, to which he turned up over an hour late, the White House press corps was given front-row seats while the African journalists ‘scrabbled for space behind the cameras’ and never got a chance to ask any questions before Oga was ‘whisked out of the building,’ leaving one of the African journalists to wonder, ‘What did we come all this way for?’
 
In fact, much the same question might have been asked by the assorted heads of state (and their consorts) had they been able to see beyond the fancy dinner. When all the noise had died down, Obama announced a $14bn investment pledge by US companies. To put this into context, the US has blown $104bn in Afghanistan alone, but the real question is: Was it necessary for all those African heads of state – and never mind the journalists - to travel to Washington en masse in order to secure such a risible sum, less even than the former Central Bank governor accused our very own NNPC of purloining under the leadership of a minister known for her financial recklessness?
 
One wonders for how long we here in Africa will continue to look to the foreigner to save us from ourselves. Five centuries and more of slavery, colonialism and exploitation – whether from Europe, the US or China – have still not convinced us that the solutions to Africa’s many problems lie with us, not them. To that end, we have been given all the resources we need, the very resources Europe, the US and China are here for in the first place. That our heads of state – and their consorts – even honoured the invitation to have dinner in the White House is a measure of how far we still have to go. Well, so be it. One day we will wake up to the realisation that we need our own plans for our future. Until that day, we will continue to go a-begging in the vain hope that foreigners really do have our best interests at heart.
 
© Adewale Maja-Pearce


Adewale Maja-Pearce is the author of several books, including Loyalties
and Other Stories, In My Father's Country, How many miles to Babylon?, A
Mask Dancing, Who's Afraid of Wole Soyinka?, From Khaki to Agbada,
Remembering Ken Saro-Wiwa and Other Essays, A Peculiar Tragedy, and
Counting the Cost, as well as the 1998 and 1999 annual reports on human
rights violations in Nigeria. He also edited The Heinemann Book of African
Poetry in English, Wole Soyinka: An Appraisal, Christopher Okigbo:
Collected Poems, The New Gong Book of New Nigerian Short Stories,
and Dream Chasers. The House My Father Built, a memoir, will be
published later this year.

Click here to see Maja-Pearce's
amazon.compage: http://www.amazon.com/Adewale-Maja-Pearce/e/B001HPKIOU
          The Future of Forced Migrants in ASEAN        
Zwei Kinder schauen aus einem Fenster

This article is part of our dossier 50 years of ASEAN – Still waiting for social and ecological justice.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) turns 50 in 2017, and this coincides with the Philippines’ Chairmanship with the set theme of “partnering for change, engaging the world". Half a century after coming into existence, is the regional grouping ASEAN becoming better or worse? Generally, ASEAN has progressed quite well in many aspects, including regional integration efforts, narrowing development gaps, maintaining peace and improving social landscapes across the region.

Nevertheless, such progress is not all-encompassing. In other words, it’s not entirely inclusive as of yet. There are vulnerable segments of the population who are not being included or who are left behind in the integration process. One such group is the forced migrant population, broadly referred to here as refugees and asylum seekers.

As of 2015, a total of 284,949 refugees and asylum seekers had registered in Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines (UNHCR, 2017). There were no records of forced migrants registered in any other ASEAN member states in 2015.

One simple question worth explanation - are forced migrants who seek refuge in ASEAN member states included in the national population census? Or are they a part of the nearly 630 million people in ASEAN (ASEAN, 2016)? If not, they are not likely to be included in national development initiatives, let alone regional integration initiatives.

In the meantime, the number of people fleeing persecution is unlikely to decrease in the near future due to geopolitical uncertainty, ongoing civil wars, military intervention and human rights violations occurring in almost all parts of the world.

The trend of forced migration

Trends of forced migration have evolved unconventionally due to globalisation, technological advancement and a higher level in transport connectivity. Consequently, ASEAN is no longer a safe haven for the forced migrant population from its individual member states, but from other regions and continents as well.

For example, about 14 percent of the total 65.3 million forced migrant population are currently hosted by nations in the Asia-Pacific region, where the majority (53 percent) come from three major nations, namely, Somalia, Afghanistan and Syria (UNHCR, 2017). How ASEAN is to respond to these trends relies heavily on the commitment of individual member states and shared responsibility to make the region a place called “home” for everyone.

This article seeks to discuss how ASEAN could ensure that their regional integration efforts are truly “inclusive”, guaranteeing a better future for the forced migrant population in the region. This article also discusses what commitments ASEAN and its member states have pledged in the past.

To what extent have past experiences influenced the regional grouping and its member states to address the present situation of forced migration? More importantly, how can ASEAN and its member states best respond to the situation of forced migration in the future?

Regional Approach in Handling Indo-Chinese Refugees

The regional approach in handling a massive influx of forced migrants within the Southeast Asian (SEA) region is not a new phenomenon. The founding members of ASEAN, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand, served as asylum countries for almost half a million Indo-Chinese refugees in the late 1970s, and this continued up until the early 1990s.

Each of the member states had its shared responsibility. Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia played the leading role by providing more spaces and opportunities for the Indo-Chinese refugees to seek temporary shelter before being resettled to third countries or repatriated back home.

Singapore, despite obvious space limitations, committed to host around 900 refugees in 1979 and 480 refugees in 1982 (UNHCR, 2017). Likewise, the Philippines, despite its remoteness, managed to provide asylum to 5,300 refugees in 1979, and this number increased nearly fourfold to 20,300 refugees in 1980 (UNHCR, 2017).

This commitment was not made without acknowledging the actual risks and future implications for ASEAN or its member states. ASEAN fully acknowledged that such a commitment would establish a precedent, and ultimately would create a “refugee magnet phenomenon” that would attract more and more asylum seekers to seek refuge in the future.

The individual member states also recognized that such a commitment would create more social problems internally.

Government agencies would face economic costs and administrative burden by handling the influx of refugees and coordinating humanitarian responses from international organisations (Suhrke, 1980).

Despite multiple barriers, their collective commitment to provide temporary asylum to Indo-Chinese refugees demonstrates ASEAN’s common stance and positive track record in responding to the complex and highly politicised situation of forced migration in the region.  There are three observations that could better explain why such a commitment was successful from the late 1970s up until the early 1990s, but this might not be necessarily replicable at present.

The dealing with forced migration in the past

Firstly, there was a greater international response and commitment by third countries such as the U.S., and international organisations were able to reduce the burden of first asylum countries in ASEAN through rapid resettlement and substantial financial assistance.

In the period between 1979 and 1980, for instance, the monthly resettlement quota to third countries was increased to 23,000 applicants, and two-thirds of the applicants were taken by the U.S. On the financial side, international organisations spent about 100 million US dollar on managing the refugee population in Thailand over a period of six months from October 1979 to March 1980, while UNHCR allocated roughly 30 US dollar million for Malaysia (Suhrke, 1980).

With commitments from the U.S., international and intergovernmental organisations, the number of refugees temporarily sheltered in ASEAN member states rapidly decreased, and simultaneously lessened the cost implications incurred by asylum countries.

Secondly, Vietnam (the origin country of the majority of Indo-Chinese refugees) was not part of ASEAN until 1995. Hence, the collective commitment of ASEAN member states to provide temporary shelter to Indo-Chinese refugees was not incompatible with ASEAN’S non-interference principle.

Third, the willingness of ASEAN member states to take the risk and shared responsibility to provide temporary shelter was meant to maintain a good relationship with the U.S., with a very clear objective of balancing the growing influence of China and the Soviet Union in the region.

These are the three factors that helped strengthen the collective response of ASEAN and its member states in handling forced migration in the past.

A Rule-Based Commitment in the Age of Uncertainty

Present-day ASEAN consists of 10 member states, including countries which had initially produced refugees, such as Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam. To further strengthen their collective integration efforts, ASEAN leaders from the 10 member states came together in Singapore in 2007 to sign and witness the creation of the ASEAN Charter, and hence become a legally binding document for the regional grouping.

Without a doubt, the establishment of the ASEAN Charter is a manifestation of a renewed political commitment to boost the community-building process. It also paved the way for the expanded roles and mandates of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers and the proliferation of ASEAN bodies related to human rights, among others, the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) and the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC).

These regional human rights institutions are expected to promote and protect the rights of ASEAN citizens in accordance with the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD), the ASEAN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Unlike the European Charter of Fundamental Rights, however, no specific mention of the term “refugee”, “asylum-seeker” or “forced migrant” is referred to in any of these key ASEAN documents including the ASEAN Charter and AHRD.

This is due to the lack of ratification among member states - only Cambodia (1992) and the Philippines (1981) ratified the 1951 Refugee Convention and its 1967 Protocol. The rest of the member states are not ready, and have not shown any indication to ratify the convention, despite having demonstrated positive commitment in the past.

At the national level, the term “refugee” is not officially recognised or referred to in national laws, policies and administrative procedures among non-singatory parties to the 1951 Refugee Convention, including Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Apart from the lack of collective political commitment by the regional grouping, there are other observations that could better explain the reluctance of individual member states to commit to a legally-binding obligation in handling forced migration in the region.

Reasons for the lack of collective political commitment to receive refugees

Firstly, the post-Cold War era marked the proliferation of emerging and multifaceted security threats that weakened and exposed states and society to transnational security risks. These included threats originating from terrorism and militancy, the smuggling of atypical immigrants, human trafficking as well as drug and arms smuggling - all of which were broadly linked to the movement of refugees in the region.

The complex nature of these threats prompted ASEAN member states to be overprotective and subsequently unwilling to provide a rule-based commitment in handling forced migrants. Member states such as Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, however, claimed that despite their lack of a legally-binding commitment, they would provide minimal protection to refugees including adherence to the non-refoulement principle on humanitarian grounds.

Secondly, the post-Cold War era also marked new trends of forced migration, especially from other regions and continents to ASEAN countries. Although the number of people seeking refuge in ASEAN member states reduced by nearly half from 437,530 in 1980 to 284,949 in 2015 (UNHCR, 2017), the variety of nationalities is more diverse now than ever before. For instance, Malaysia is now a country of asylum for forced migrants originating from Angola, Burundi, Bhutan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Algeria, Guinea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Rwanda and Senegal (other than Myanmar) (UNHCR, 2017).

Similar trends of forced migration occurred in Thailand and Indonesia, which saw a greater diversification of nationalities compared to the period before the 1990s. Overall, of the 284,949 registered refugees across the ASEAN member states, about 11.3 percent (32,127) are non-ASEAN refugees, the majority of which come from Western Asia, South Asia and certain African regions. This indicates that the forced migration population will likely be the toughest challenge facing the regional grouping in the future.

Creating A Better Future for Forced Migrants

Neither past history nor the current situation are likely to predict the future of forced migrants in the region in this age of geopolitical uncertainty, unequal development and profound inequality. The best way to predict the future for forced migrants in the region is to create it. However, to create a better future for forced migrants, it requires strong leadership, political commitment, a willingness to share burden and responsibility to protect on the part of ASEAN and its individual member states.

A concrete regional commitment to respond to forced migration can only be achieved when the majority of individual member states have a clear position and commitment at the national level.

However, this has not been the case with ASEAN thus far. Individual member states, especially the largest refugee-hosting countries such as Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, should play a leading role by transforming their humanitarian approach into a legally-binding commitment in order to provide concrete and sustainable protection for the forced migrant population.

The fear of the unknown implications of a legally-binding commitment should not stop countries from ratifying the 1951 Refugee Convention, as the motives of forced migration are not determined by a member state’s ratification status. For instance, Malaysia has yet to ratify the 1951 Refugee Convention and does not recognize refugees in its country, but the number of refugees seeking asylum in Malaysia increased significantly from 5,412 individuals in 2000 to 154,486 individuals in 2015 (UNHCR, 2017).

This suggests a weak correlation between the country’s status of ratification of the 1951 Refugee Convention and the “refugee magnet phenomenon” in the region.

Apart from geographical factors and the opportunity to benefit from various economic activities such as entering the informal labour market in Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia, providing minimal protection to refugees collectively served as the pull factors which attracted asylum seekers to seek refuge in their respective countries, even in the absence of a legally-binding commitment.

Motivs behind forced migration

ASEAN and its member states should also acknowledge the motives (push factors) behind forced migration, whereby refugees are forced, without many options, to leave their home countries in search of international protection. In such circumstances, refugees will find a way to reach these countries by risking their lives being smuggled by careless third parties who take advantage of the lack of integrity among certain enforcement personnel.

At the national level, individual member states should strengthen access to justice and administrative procedures, ensuring every one of the forced migrants has equal access to basic needs and rights in the asylum process. Members of civil society organisations (CSOs) including medical, faith-based and humanitarian organisations should be provided with the necessary financial support and assistance to enable them to perform their duties efficiently.

Relevant government agencies should work hand in hand with the members of CSOs in order to reach out to forced migrants and provide necessary assistance.

The willingness of individual member states to commit to these obligations would influence fellow member states to do the same. This can be witnessed in the way that the governments of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand unknowingly competed with each other in response to the Rohingya crisis in late 2016.

There is nothing bad about a little diplomatic rivalry, however, this is not leading to concrete commitment at the national level in any of the three countries. Given the lack of national commitment by the individual member states, exactly how and what kind of a role should the regional grouping play?

ASEAN established its regional human rights institution, namely, the AICHR in 2009, with an overarching mandate to promote and protect human rights. The AHRD (Article 16) dictates ASEAN and its member states’ commitment to ensure the right to seek asylum. The AICHR is rightly positioned to leverage its mandate to develop a regional strategy to encourage member states to ratify the 1951 Refugee Convention.

This would strengthen their commitment to guarantee the right to seek asylum in the case of forced migrants. As an ASEAN body that holds meetings every year, the AICHR should establish a permanent agenda on forced migration to be mainstreamed in its Priority Programme and Five Year Work Plan.

Strategic cooperations and partnerships are needed

The expansion of non-ASEAN refugees in the region suggests that this is no longer an intra-regional issue that can be solved exclusively through internal means. As ASEAN and the AICHR are the overarching regional human rights bodies, they should explore ways to establish strategic cooperation and partnership focused specifically on forced migration issues with the African Union, African Commission on Human & Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) or the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC).

Apart from leveraging the existing regional human rights mechanism, ASEAN should develop a more concrete and sustainable platform to discuss issues related to forced migration beyond the three pillars of the ASEAN Community. The logic is simple. Forced migration is an issue of political security, socio-cultural and economic integration. Hence, a fourth ASEAN Community pillar may be established to discuss regional solutions to multifaceted issues such as forced migration.

To conclude, the forced migrant population by default has been a part of ASEAN society since the Indo-Chinese refugee crisis in the late 1970s up until the very recent Rohingya catastrophe. The uncertain international response to reduce the burden of asylum countries indicates that forced migrants will likely be in a “protracted situation”as they wait for a definite solution.

As ASEAN strives to strengthen its regional integration efforts and pledges to be truly inclusive, people-centred and people-oriented, the regional grouping and its member states must provide opportunities and empower the forced migrant population to be a part of this regional integration process.

The growing presence of non-ASEAN refugees also indicates the need to reflect this emerging trend of forced migration into the regional agenda and integration initiatives. The rationale behind this is to better to manage and integrate them rather than ignoring their presence in the country. By then, forced migrants, regardless of nationality, will be able to contribute to the hosting society, regional integration and create their own future.

 

REFERENCES

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). 2016. ASEAN Statistical Leaflet – Selected Key Indicators 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2017 from http://asean.org/storage/2012/05/ASEAN_Stats_Leaflet2016_web.pdf

Suhrke, Astri. 1980. Indochinese Refugees: The Impact of First Asylum Countries and Implications for American Policy [A Study Prepared for the Use of the Joint Economic Committee Congress of the United States, November 1980]. Retrieved on 12 March 2017 from https://www.jec.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/1980/12/report-2b9a3aa8-525f-407a-86ba-2e6b4171e90e

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). 2017. Population Statistics, 1979-2015. Retrieved on 23 March 2017 from http://popstats.unhcr.org/en/overview


          Microfinance: a catalyst for poverty alleviation and agriculture development in Cameroon.        

Determination. Adaptability. Patience. Love. These are the key virtues you need when you embark on a journey through coffee and cocoa plantations in Cameroon, ready for an epic and folkloric adventure.

Country: 
Cameroon

          Agribusiness training to boost fertiliser use in West Africa        
Agribusiness training to boost fertiliser use in West Africa

The World Cocoa Foundation (WCF) has contracted the South African-based African Fertilizer Agribusiness Partnership (AFAP) to train agro-dealers in order to boost fertiliser access by smallholder farmers in Ghana and Cameroon, two of the top cocoa producing countries in the world.

The post Agribusiness training to boost fertiliser use in West Africa appeared first on Farmer's Weekly.


          Supporting Evidence-Based Decisions        

Vaccine introduction, policy and financing are complex issues, and countries must achieve ambitious immunization targets with limited available resources. To make informed decisions for the health of their people, decision makers need accurate, up-to-date information to identify vulnerable populations, assess burden of disease, evaluate vaccine efficacy and cost-effectiveness, and measure the efficiency of immunization programs.

Sabin works to establish best practices, tools and structures that help countries evaluate and streamline vaccine introduction and expansion. Sabin drives evidence generation through research, advocacy and education – conducting and supporting disease surveillance to establish the burden of diseases including dengue and typhoid, strengthening laboratory capacity for diagnosis and clinical trials, disseminating existing evidence to decision makers, piloting a more efficient surveillance technology in Paraguay, designing tools for economic analysis and more.

Using evidence generated in partnership with Sabin, countries around the world have accelerated access to immunization: Cameroon, DRC, Georgia, Mali and Vietnam have won budget increases for immunization, and countries in Latin America gained a better understanding of the disease burden for pertussis, leading Argentina to introduce a maternal dose of a pertussis vaccine.

Sabin helps countries make more informed decisions on immunization to strengthen their programs to reach every child.

Learn about Sabin’s evidence generation activities for other diseases:

Pertussis
HPV
Meningococcal Disease
Pneumococcal Disease
Dengue


          Global Ranking Of Happiness Has Happy News For Norway And Nicaragua        
Norway can be frigid. And the winters bring lots of darkness. But it's the happiest nation in world, according to the 2017 World Happiness Report . Denmark comes in at #2, followed by Iceland and Switzerland. Finland takes 5th place. And, it turns out, these countries have more in common than a tolerance for cold. Well-being is shaped by a range of factors. "All of the top countries rank highly on all the main factors found to support happiness: caring, freedom, generosity, honesty, health, income and good governance," according to the report. The second tier of the top ten includes the Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and Sweden (the last two tied for 9th position). The developing world has its share of unhappy countries. According to the report, some of the unhappiest nations in the world are Afghanistan, Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Haiti. But there are encouraging signs in low- and middle-income countries. Cameroon, Latvia, Nicaragua and Sierra Leone, for
          Starsky & Hutch, Sarkozy & Bush?        
(written in October 2007)

There has been much talk around the MSM and the blogs, especially the francophone ones, about the new relationship between France and the United States, since the election of President Nicolas Sarkozy in France. Only last weekend, here in the US, several talk shows and Sunday forums continued to comment on this new affinity between the leaders of the two countries. From Bill Maher, to the France 2 journal (on PBS), to Chris Matthews on his show, to Wolf Blitzer on Late Edition – his guest was “French doctor” and French foreign minister Bernard Kouchner – all marveled and/or sneered at the apparent 180 turn of France, and the – really unfortunate – apparent similarities between the policy and ideology positions between the two. I will therefore not spend too much time going over this again (some may argue I already have).

I must however note that there is one particular policy-setting method, long-mastered in the US, which Sarkozy seems to have borrowed, and implemented dexterously from Bush: I call it “bill packing”. Sarkozy is trying to overhaul the immigration policies of the mighty French Republic, land of welcome… well not so much anymore. In fact Sarkozy has been adamant it seems, to rethink the whole concept of immigration in France. We’ll talk about the oddness of his policy another time. But on this particular legislation, Sarkozy has proposed a total package, making it extremely hard, even for those opposed to him, to object to the law altogether. He has packed the bill with elements that pander to his far-right/center-right base – like the requirement of DNA testing to prove the paternity of the children that accompany immigrants, while also attempting to pander the immigrant rights groups, by including a measure to – this is a first in the history of France – create statistics on the ethnic/racial diversity of France. I was watching a program called “Arret sur Info” (“Pause on the News”), on 3A TeleSud, the French/African channel dedicated to Africa and the French-Caribbean, and the topic was this new legislation; the activists opposing DNA testing – like the representative of CRAN – were contrived in their remarks, because they had to be extremely careful to only reject those specific amendments, while the person defending the bill – Christophe Nana, a Frenchman of Cameroonian origin – had the easier task of simply pointing out all the positives, and the irrefutable leaps forward, that are ALSO included in the bill. Add to bill packing a majority in Parliament, the appointment of the two or three first ethnic minority cabinet members, and you have a recipe for near absolute rule by an arrogant and self-important man, who seems adamant to transform France into the US-redux. This man’s fascination with the US reminds me that the French have never really gotten over their Napoleon “grandeur” complex, and that Sarkozy is simply the latest form of that.

Do not get me wrong: Ségolène Royal would not have been much better. She is also self-important. The difference, however, is that she supports other issues, that include a reduction in the powers of the all powerful French “King-President” – which, one might argue, is not such a bad thing. But Royal would have imposed her vision in much the same way as Sarkozy, should she have had the same majority in Parliament. It seems to be the new attitude in this generation of political elites in France: I am right, I know that I am right, you’re wrong, we’ll do it my way, and if I can help it, I won’t give you any viable avenue to even attempt to prove me wrong, before I do it my way. Napoleon tried that, and we know what happened to him. Bush is still feeling the effects of that. I don’t know why Sarkozy would want to follow such dismal beacons…

I wonder…
          Issa Hayatou: Former CAF president defends Cameroon amid CAN criticism        
Malagasy Ahmad, who ended Hayatou's 29-year reign as CAF president last March, had said that the country's infrastructure "wasn't ready".
          Kedudukan pasukan terkini PIala FIFA 2014        

Table

Group A
Group A
TeamPGDPts
Brazil224
Mexico214
Croatia223
Cameroon2-50
Group B
Group B
TeamPGDPts
Netherlands256
Chile246
Australia2-30
Spain2-60
Group C
Group C
TeamPGDPts
Colombia246
Côte d'Ivoire203
Japan2-11
Greece2-31
Group D
Group D
TeamPGDPts
Costa Rica236
Italy203
Uruguay2-13
England2-20
Group E
Group E
TeamPGDPts
France266
Ecuador203
Switzerland2-23
Honduras2-40
Group F
Group F
TeamPGDPts
Argentina226
Nigeria214
Iran2-11
Bosnia-Herzegovina2-20
Group G
Group G
TeamPGDPts
Germany244
USA214
Ghana2-11
Portugal2-41
Group H
Group H
TeamPGDPts
Belgium226
Algeria213
Global Eating Disorder below, discussing two of the most deceptive words I know. Efficiency and Productivity.



We often hear that ’productivity in farming has increased tremen­dously’, ‘the farmer of today is much more efficient than her ancestor’ and similar expressions. But those are deceptive words. They come with an air of being measurable and objective. And while they can be measured, the yardstick we choose to measure them against already predetermines the outcome. One has to also reflect over who benefits; what is productive or efficient differs depending on who asks the question.[1] Most choices are made on the basis of the profitability for the person or entity that has managed to, with whatever means, control that piece of nature.[2]
 
Throughout modern times the prevailing measure of grain produc­tivity in Europe was the ‘yield ratio’, i.e. the quantity that could be harvested from a certain quantity of seeds. This ratio was often in the range of five in Scandinavia and Germany, reaching ten under good conditions in England and the Low Countries.[3]For a grain-based culture, with access to rather abundant land and labor resources, this way of measuring makes some sense. And this also explains quite well why the Asian rice based cultures were more advanced than the Europeans, until the industrial revolution; the seed ratio of paddy rice is normally very high. Today, seed is only one of many inputs in farming and most farmers would find it strange to measure productiv­ity in terms of seed use even if it still prevails in some places. 
The size of the area unit itself was often dynamic and linked to the land’s ability to support people. Around the world, the amount of seed that had to be sown to feed a family from the harvest provided a basic measurement of the land. Even in the 20th century, fields in Guang­dong Province next to Hong Kong continued to be measured in dou, roughly equivalent to seven kg of rice seed, while up the mid-19th century land in New Mexico was computed by the fanega, approxi­mately fifty kg of wheat seed. I have also encountered land measurements based on how much land a man could ‘open’ in a days work, common in cultures with swiddening farming. And ’acre’ has similar roots; an acre was the amount of land that could be ploughed in one day with a pair of oxen. When land, labor and food become commodities, most of these localized and subjective measurements fell into disuse.[4]
 
These examples are good to remember when we discuss productiv­ity and efficiency. Productivity in farming can be measured in many ways. Per area unit; per person-hour; per unit of deployed capital; per energy input or; per water unit. The comparisons can consider total biological production, ecosystem services or only what is directly useful to human beings in the form of food, fiber and fuel. And the results, the useful resources, can also be expressed in different ways, for example, as kg (tons or bushels), as calories, as proteins or simply as money.[5] We can also ask if the productivity is serving to maintain the productive resources or if it is based on extraction of non-renew­able resources, resources which perhaps were abundant but now are increasingly scarce? Can we even talk about productivity if the produc­tion is based on the unsustainable use of irrigation, fossil fuel and soil management practices which erode the soil? 
We can also compare farming with ‘nature’. For example, the biologi­cal production (mass, energy or protein) in a farmed system can be compared with that in the natural system before farming. ‘Productiv­ity’ can have a completely different meaning if we counted the impact on ecosystems and the external costs caused by farming. Studies of a wetland in Canada, a forest in Cameroon and a Mangrove forests in Thailand showed the total value of these ecosystems was much higher than the value of the farming systems to which they were converted.[6]But, importantly, the benefits of the systems accrue to different people. 
In the long term, it is more interesting to increase the productivity relative to a resource that is limited rather than relative to a resource that is abundant. From this perspective, the contemporary obsession with labor productivity is strange, as we never had so many people on the planet and so limited natural resources. But if we look at monetary value we understand why we always try to save on labor as labor is costly and nature is ‘free’.

The total energy harvested per hectare can increase with increased use of ancillary energy; in many situations one can increase yield per hectare fivefold (or more) by using more energy. This energy can be used for better (and timelier) soil preparation, irrigation, fertilizers, etc. The ratio between energy output and energy input (i.e. efficiency in the use of energy) seems to be fairly constant up to a certain level, after which it rapidly deteriorates. Industrial farming systems, have long since passed the optimal energy use level.[7]According to FAO, industrial farming methods require 6,000 MJ of fossil energy (corre­sponding to a barrel of oil) to produce a ton of maize but traditional methods in Mexico only require 180 MJ (corresponding to 4.8 liters of oil) to produce the same. This calculation includes the energy needed for chemical fertilizers, irrigation and running machinery, but not the ‘shadow energy’, the energy used for making the machinery, for transporting products to and from the farm and for constructing the farm buildings. The energy ratio is below one – i.e. more energy is consumed than produced – for modern rice farming and just above one for modern maize farming, whereas traditional production of rice and maize gives a 60-70-fold return on energy used.[8] In light of this, to make statements that ‘productivity has increased tremendously in farming the last hundred years,’ is simply misleading. 
Yield per area unit has increased considerably, both in developed and developing countries. For example, in the United States, maize yield increased from around 3,700 kg per hectare in 1961 to around 9,500 kg in 2011. Wheat yields in Sweden tripled between 1900 and 2000. Global rice yields increased by one third in the twenty years between the end of the 1970s and the end of the 1990s. The most dramatic increases can be accomplished in highly regulated systems. In greenhouses with climate and water control, productivity per hectare is up to more than ten times that in an open field. The more advanced producers in the Netherlands take more than 60 kg of tomatoes per square meter, whereas open-field production may only reach some 5 kg per square meter. Still, the profitability of Dutch greenhouse tomato production is very low and largely rests on them getting very favorable gas prices. One should not forget that in many cases yield per hectare is low just because it doesn’t pay to increase it. 
Land price is a factor that greatly influences productivity per area unit. To some extent, it works both ways. Land with high yield poten­tial has a higher price than land with low potential and when you pay a lot for land you have to get a high yield per area unit. But in many countries and places, the correlation between land productivity and land prices is weak and land prices are influenced also by alternative uses (conversion to forest, industries, and housing), status and culture. 
Farming today is very capital intensive. In Sweden, it comes only after utilities and real estate in capital intensity; car-making has less than half the capital costs for a full-time job,[9]and in United States US$1.2 million is invested in each full-time agricultural job.[10]Yet at the same time the return on invested capital in farming is mostly low. The real return is often realized when the farm is sold. As the saying goes ’far